Period
to 22 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Full Stack Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 22 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Full Stack Developer
UK
6 months to
22 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 133 160 142
Rank change year-on-year +27 -18 +43
Contract jobs requiring a Full Stack Developer 1,014 922 1,825
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.89% 1.64% 1.92%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.04% 1.75% 2.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 744 729 1,422
10th Percentile £315 £325 £350
25th Percentile £394 £408 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £563 £588 £575
90th Percentile £650 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £438
% change year-on-year - -2.86% +9.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 2 2
10th Percentile £39.68 £16.73 £36.18
25th Percentile £42.50 £22.69 £40.56
Median hourly rate £55.00 £34.25 £49.50
Median % change year-on-year +60.58% -30.81% +10.00%
75th Percentile £57.50 £46.69 £56.81
90th Percentile £66.10 £53.18 £60.23
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £13.50 £62.50
% change year-on-year +196.30% -78.40% +45.35%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 49,781 52,669 90,162
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.77% 93.74% 94.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 34,181 34,891 60,709
10th Percentile £281 £228 £271
25th Percentile £380 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £460 £465
Median % change year-on-year +3.26% -1.08% +3.33%
75th Percentile £575 £571 £569
90th Percentile £666 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,664 2,018 2,665
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.61 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.58 £14.00 £13.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.00 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +18.42% +5.56% +2.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £38.75 £38.78
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.26 £49.14
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% -

Full Stack Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Full Stack Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Developer.

Daily rate trend for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Full Stack Developer over the 6 months to 22 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Full Stack Developer over the 6 months to 22 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Full Stack Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 22 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +27 862 £490 -2.00% 559
London +2 534 £525 -2.33% 224
UK excluding London +66 306 £425 - 363
Work from Home -46 303 £438 -2.78% 147
South East +58 103 £450 -5.26% 91
North of England +33 53 £450 +12.50% 95
Midlands +22 44 £394 -7.35% 63
South West +50 37 £431 -4.17% 54
Scotland -7 32 £445 +1.71% 12
North West +14 25 £387 -14.48% 48
Yorkshire +38 21 £438 +9.38% 32
East of England +19 21 £400 -3.03% 32
West Midlands +17 21 £375 -14.29% 41
East Midlands +26 20 £400 +6.67% 21
Northern Ireland +13 10 £425 +3.03%
North East +24 7 £486 +24.68% 15
Wales +7 6 £363 -14.71% 18

Full Stack Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 April 2021, Full Stack Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Full Stack Developer in the job title.

1 609 (60.06%) JavaScript
2 465 (45.86%) React
3 411 (40.53%) Node.js
4 401 (39.55%) Agile Software Development
5 294 (28.99%) AWS
6 271 (26.73%) HTML
7 268 (26.43%) CSS
8 264 (26.04%) Java
9 260 (25.64%) Azure
9 260 (25.64%) AngularJS
10 254 (25.05%) TypeScript
11 240 (23.67%) .NET
12 229 (22.58%) Docker
13 201 (19.82%) Kubernetes
14 198 (19.53%) SQL
15 197 (19.43%) Microservices
16 195 (19.23%) Serverless
16 195 (19.23%) Finance
17 184 (18.15%) C#
18 169 (16.67%) Software Engineering
19 165 (16.27%) REST
20 160 (15.78%) DevOps
21 158 (15.58%) Git (software)
22 149 (14.69%) Terraform
23 144 (14.20%) AWS Lambda
24 138 (13.61%) Spring
25 137 (13.51%) TDD
26 134 (13.21%) Web Services
27 118 (11.64%) Scrum
28 117 (11.54%) Python

Full Stack Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (2.96%) Confluence
2 28 (2.76%) CMS
3 25 (2.47%) WordPress
4 17 (1.68%) Elasticsearch
5 16 (1.58%) Apache
6 10 (0.99%) Tomcat
7 8 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
7 8 (0.79%) SharePoint
8 7 (0.69%) EPiServer
8 7 (0.69%) IIS
9 6 (0.59%) Drupal
9 6 (0.59%) Ethereum
9 6 (0.59%) Headless CMS
9 6 (0.59%) Umbraco
10 5 (0.49%) Apache Solr
11 4 (0.39%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.39%) nginx
12 3 (0.30%) JBoss
12 3 (0.30%) Jetty
12 3 (0.30%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 5 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.20%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.099%) Adobe XD
3 1 (0.099%) GIMP
3 1 (0.099%) InVision
Business Applications
1 6 (0.59%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.39%) Magento
2 4 (0.39%) Shopify
3 3 (0.30%) Adobe Campaign
3 3 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.099%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.099%) Toggl
Cloud Services
1 294 (28.99%) AWS
2 260 (25.64%) Azure
3 195 (19.23%) Serverless
4 144 (14.20%) AWS Lambda
5 104 (10.26%) Amazon S3
6 96 (9.47%) Amazon SQS
7 81 (7.99%) AWS Step Functions
8 41 (4.04%) GCP
8 41 (4.04%) GitHub
9 24 (2.37%) SaaS
10 20 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
10 20 (1.97%) Heroku
11 18 (1.78%) Azure Functions
11 18 (1.78%) npm
11 18 (1.78%) OpenShift
12 17 (1.68%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 14 (1.38%) PaaS
14 13 (1.28%) Amazon EC2
14 13 (1.28%) Azure Service Bus
14 13 (1.28%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.28%) HTTP
2 6 (0.59%) IPFS
3 4 (0.39%) DNS
3 4 (0.39%) SMS
3 4 (0.39%) SSL
4 3 (0.30%) DMARC
4 3 (0.30%) Internet
4 3 (0.30%) SMTP
5 1 (0.099%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.099%) LAN
5 1 (0.099%) SSH
5 1 (0.099%) Unified Communications
5 1 (0.099%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (10.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 92 (9.07%) Amazon RDS
2 92 (9.07%) MongoDB
2 92 (9.07%) NoSQL
3 83 (8.19%) SQL Server
4 67 (6.61%) PostgreSQL
5 65 (6.41%) MySQL
6 38 (3.75%) Relational Database
7 17 (1.68%) Redis
8 14 (1.38%) Azure SQL Database
9 10 (0.99%) Blockchain
10 8 (0.79%) RDBMS
11 7 (0.69%) Oracle Database
11 7 (0.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 6 (0.59%) Data Warehouse
12 6 (0.59%) Power BI
13 5 (0.49%) DB2
13 5 (0.49%) MS Access
14 4 (0.39%) Hazelcast
14 4 (0.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 158 (15.58%) Git (software)
2 98 (9.66%) Jenkins
3 58 (5.72%) JIRA
4 52 (5.13%) Maven
5 44 (4.34%) webpack
6 27 (2.66%) JUnit
7 25 (2.47%) Cucumber
8 24 (2.37%) SonarQube
9 23 (2.27%) Sonatype Nexus
10 21 (2.07%) GitLab
11 19 (1.87%) CircleCI
11 19 (1.87%) Cypress.io
12 17 (1.68%) Mocha
13 15 (1.48%) Artifactory
14 12 (1.18%) gulp
14 12 (1.18%) Selenium
14 12 (1.18%) TeamCity
14 12 (1.18%) Visual Studio
15 9 (0.89%) Mockito
16 8 (0.79%) Subversion
General
1 195 (19.23%) Finance
2 90 (8.88%) Front Office
3 59 (5.82%) Banking
4 32 (3.16%) Marketing
5 27 (2.66%) Public Sector
6 16 (1.58%) Telecoms
7 13 (1.28%) Automotive
8 10 (0.99%) Law
8 10 (0.99%) Pharmaceutical
9 9 (0.89%) Retail
10 8 (0.79%) Publishing
11 6 (0.59%) Investment Banking
12 5 (0.49%) Back Office
12 5 (0.49%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.39%) Advertising
14 3 (0.30%) Games
15 2 (0.20%) Billing
15 2 (0.20%) Electronics
15 2 (0.20%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.20%) Legal
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 465 (45.86%) React
2 411 (40.53%) Node.js
3 271 (26.73%) HTML
4 268 (26.43%) CSS
5 260 (25.64%) AngularJS
6 240 (23.67%) .NET
7 165 (16.27%) REST
8 138 (13.61%) Spring
9 134 (13.21%) Web Services
10 112 (11.05%) .NET Core
11 99 (9.76%) Spring Boot
12 83 (8.19%) GraphQL
12 83 (8.19%) Redux
13 75 (7.40%) HTML5
13 75 (7.40%) RESTful
14 73 (7.20%) Vue.js
15 69 (6.80%) Express
16 58 (5.72%) jQuery
17 50 (4.93%) ASP.NET
18 47 (4.64%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 67 (6.61%) User Experience
2 57 (5.62%) Greenfield Project
3 46 (4.54%) Analytical Skills
4 35 (3.45%) Mobile App
5 29 (2.86%) Data Structures
6 18 (1.78%) Cloud Native
7 17 (1.68%) Algorithms
8 16 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
9 15 (1.48%) Public Cloud
10 14 (1.38%) Client/Server
10 14 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
11 13 (1.28%) Social Media
12 12 (1.18%) Hedge funds
13 10 (0.99%) Fixed Income
13 10 (0.99%) NHS
14 8 (0.79%) Mainframe
15 7 (0.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 6 (0.59%) Organisational Skills
17 4 (0.39%) Analytical Mindset
17 4 (0.39%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 29 (2.86%) Linux
2 23 (2.27%) Android
3 22 (2.17%) Apple iOS
4 13 (1.28%) Unix
5 10 (0.99%) Windows
6 3 (0.30%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.20%) CentOS
7 2 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.20%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.099%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 401 (39.55%) Agile Software Development
2 197 (19.43%) Microservices
3 169 (16.67%) Software Engineering
4 160 (15.78%) DevOps
5 137 (13.51%) TDD
6 118 (11.64%) Scrum
7 103 (10.16%) Continuous Integration
8 102 (10.06%) Test Automation
9 92 (9.07%) Asset Management
10 83 (8.19%) Investment Management
11 80 (7.89%) MVC
12 65 (6.41%) BDD
13 64 (6.31%) Front End Development
13 64 (6.31%) Unit Testing
14 61 (6.02%) OO
15 59 (5.82%) Problem-Solving
16 47 (4.64%) Web Development
17 43 (4.24%) Open Source
17 43 (4.24%) SDLC
18 36 (3.55%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 609 (60.06%) JavaScript
2 264 (26.04%) Java
3 254 (25.05%) TypeScript
4 198 (19.53%) SQL
5 184 (18.15%) C#
6 117 (11.54%) Python
7 73 (7.20%) PHP
8 53 (5.23%) Java 8
9 43 (4.24%) ES6
10 40 (3.94%) Go
11 24 (2.37%) Ruby
12 18 (1.78%) Kotlin
13 14 (1.38%) C++
14 11 (1.08%) Scala
15 10 (0.99%) PL/SQL
16 9 (0.89%) T-SQL
17 6 (0.59%) C
17 6 (0.59%) Solidity
18 5 (0.49%) Groovy
19 4 (0.39%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 34 (3.35%) Security Cleared
2 30 (2.96%) SC Cleared
3 25 (2.47%) Degree
4 5 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (0.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.30%) DV Cleared
6 2 (0.20%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.099%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.099%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.099%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (2.56%) QA
2 4 (0.39%) WCAG
3 3 (0.30%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.30%) GDPR
4 2 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
4 2 (0.20%) NCSC
4 2 (0.20%) NIST
5 1 (0.099%) HL7
5 1 (0.099%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 229 (22.58%) Docker
2 5 (0.49%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 201 (19.82%) Kubernetes
2 149 (14.69%) Terraform
3 12 (1.18%) Ansible
4 10 (0.99%) Kibana
5 8 (0.79%) Istio
6 7 (0.69%) Grafana
7 4 (0.39%) logstash
7 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Intune
7 4 (0.39%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.20%) MIIS
10 1 (0.099%) Puppet
10 1 (0.099%) Rancher
Vendors
1 55 (5.42%) Microsoft
2 51 (5.03%) Oracle
3 40 (3.94%) Google
4 9 (0.89%) Adobe
5 8 (0.79%) IBM
5 8 (0.79%) MuleSoft
5 8 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
5 8 (0.79%) Splunk
6 7 (0.69%) Apple
7 5 (0.49%) CA
7 5 (0.49%) CA Agile Central
7 5 (0.49%) New Relic
7 5 (0.49%) SAP
8 3 (0.30%) Databricks
8 3 (0.30%) DevExpress
9 2 (0.20%) Blackboard
9 2 (0.20%) Coverity
9 2 (0.20%) Synopsys
9 2 (0.20%) Telerik
9 2 (0.20%) TIBCO