Period
to 25 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Full Stack Developer was £500 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Full Stack Developer
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 163 179 137
Rank change year-on-year +16 -42 +35
Contract jobs requiring a Full Stack Developer 1,433 497 1,579
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.69% 1.56% 1.87%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.81% 1.69% 1.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,089 361 1,254
10th Percentile £350 £306 £363
25th Percentile £417 £363 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £473 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.82% -0.53% +4.40%
75th Percentile £600 £550 £575
90th Percentile £725 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £450 £440
% change year-on-year -2.78% +2.27% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 5
10th Percentile £50.10 £43.30 "
25th Percentile £65.25 £45.25 £25.00
Median hourly rate £66.50 £48.50 £32.50
Median % change year-on-year +37.11% +49.23% -35.00%
75th Percentile £70.00 £51.75 £40.00
90th Percentile £70.06 £53.70 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.77 - £32.50

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 79,127 29,398 79,422
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.28% 92.31% 94.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,119 19,869 53,215
10th Percentile £300 £260 £258
25th Percentile £408 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £569
90th Percentile £700 £663 £645
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,084 962 2,723
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.67 £14.00 £13.75
Median hourly rate £19.93 £22.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year -9.43% +15.79% +8.57%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.00
90th Percentile £62.45 £54.00 £51.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -10.26% +11.43% -

Full Stack Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Full Stack Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Developer.

Daily rate trend for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Full Stack Developer over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Full Stack Developer over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Full Stack Developer in the UK

Full Stack Developer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Full Stack Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 1,158 £525 +10.53% 613
London -2 771 £550 +10.00% 294
Work from Home -29 432 £500 +11.11% 157
UK excluding London -14 336 £438 -2.78% 356
South East -12 104 £456 +7.35% 82
North of England -72 65 £450 - 102
South West -1 59 £405 -10.00% 29
Midlands -53 43 £350 -6.67% 69
Scotland -50 35 £440 +12.82% 27
North West -54 34 £400 -11.11% 63
Yorkshire -31 31 £488 +18.18% 28
West Midlands -58 24 £433 +15.33% 45
East Midlands -30 18 £325 -9.72% 24
East of England -60 16 £500 +5.26% 35
Northern Ireland - 9 £450 - 3
Wales -27 5 £400 +14.29% 9

Full Stack Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, Full Stack Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Full Stack Developer in the job title.

1 1,424 (99.37%) Full Stack Development
2 848 (59.18%) JavaScript
3 778 (54.29%) React
4 529 (36.92%) Node.js
5 519 (36.22%) Agile Software Development
6 501 (34.96%) AngularJS
7 449 (31.33%) TypeScript
8 425 (29.66%) Java
9 393 (27.42%) HTML
10 387 (27.01%) C#
11 386 (26.94%) Azure
12 373 (26.03%) CSS
13 360 (25.12%) .NET
14 355 (24.77%) AWS
15 351 (24.49%) SQL
16 328 (22.89%) Microservices
17 284 (19.82%) DevOps
18 275 (19.19%) TDD
19 264 (18.42%) Finance
20 249 (17.38%) Git (software)
21 233 (16.26%) Docker
22 231 (16.12%) Social Skills
23 215 (15.00%) Spring
24 205 (14.31%) Software Engineering
25 194 (13.54%) SQL Server
26 193 (13.47%) Kubernetes
27 190 (13.26%) Serverless
28 185 (12.91%) Python
29 168 (11.72%) HTML5
30 166 (11.58%) .NET Core

Full Stack Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (2.79%) Elasticsearch
2 32 (2.23%) CMS
3 25 (1.74%) Confluence
4 22 (1.54%) nginx
4 22 (1.54%) SharePoint
5 20 (1.40%) Tomcat
6 17 (1.19%) Apache
7 10 (0.70%) EPiServer
8 9 (0.63%) WordPress
9 8 (0.56%) Drupal
9 8 (0.56%) Umbraco
10 7 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
10 7 (0.49%) GemFire
10 7 (0.49%) Moodle
10 7 (0.49%) WebSphere
11 6 (0.42%) Apache Spark
11 6 (0.42%) IIS
11 6 (0.42%) JBoss
11 6 (0.42%) WebLogic
12 5 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 8 (0.56%) Chatbot
2 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.070%) Figma
3 1 (0.070%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 11 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.21%) Magento
2 3 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.14%) Shopify
4 1 (0.070%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 386 (26.94%) Azure
2 355 (24.77%) AWS
3 190 (13.26%) Serverless
4 130 (9.07%) AWS Lambda
5 106 (7.40%) GCP
6 72 (5.02%) Amazon S3
7 70 (4.88%) Amazon SQS
8 68 (4.75%) GitHub
9 54 (3.77%) OpenShift
10 44 (3.07%) AWS Step Functions
11 43 (3.00%) npm
12 28 (1.95%) Apigee
12 28 (1.95%) PaaS
13 26 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
14 24 (1.67%) SaaS
15 22 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
16 19 (1.33%) Power Platform
17 18 (1.26%) Azure Service Bus
18 14 (0.98%) Azure Functions
18 14 (0.98%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 19 (1.33%) HTTP
2 8 (0.56%) RTMP
3 6 (0.42%) AMQP
4 5 (0.35%) Internet
4 5 (0.35%) Kerberos
5 4 (0.28%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.14%) DSL
6 2 (0.14%) DVB
6 2 (0.14%) Extranet
6 2 (0.14%) MQTT
7 1 (0.070%) Broadband
7 1 (0.070%) DNS
7 1 (0.070%) FTP
7 1 (0.070%) LAN
7 1 (0.070%) RFID
7 1 (0.070%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.070%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 194 (13.54%) SQL Server
2 131 (9.14%) MongoDB
3 119 (8.30%) NoSQL
4 112 (7.82%) MySQL
5 106 (7.40%) PostgreSQL
6 99 (6.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 79 (5.51%) Relational Database
8 54 (3.77%) Redis
9 49 (3.42%) Amazon RDS
10 19 (1.33%) RDBMS
11 18 (1.26%) Azure SQL Database
11 18 (1.26%) MariaDB
11 18 (1.26%) SQL Server 2016
12 16 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
13 15 (1.05%) DB2
13 15 (1.05%) Power BI
14 12 (0.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 11 (0.77%) Neo4j
15 11 (0.77%) Oracle Database
16 10 (0.70%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 249 (17.38%) Git (software)
2 112 (7.82%) Jenkins
3 75 (5.23%) JIRA
4 56 (3.91%) Maven
5 53 (3.70%) TeamCity
6 46 (3.21%) JUnit
7 44 (3.07%) Visual Studio
8 42 (2.93%) Cucumber
9 39 (2.72%) GitLab
9 39 (2.72%) webpack
10 38 (2.65%) Subversion
11 35 (2.44%) Mocha
12 33 (2.30%) Jasmine
13 30 (2.09%) Bitbucket
14 27 (1.88%) gulp
15 24 (1.67%) Artifactory
15 24 (1.67%) Grunt
16 23 (1.61%) Selenium
17 22 (1.54%) CircleCI
17 22 (1.54%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 264 (18.42%) Finance
2 231 (16.12%) Social Skills
3 134 (9.35%) Banking
4 117 (8.16%) Front Office
5 67 (4.68%) Analytical Skills
6 52 (3.63%) Public Sector
7 51 (3.56%) Investment Banking
8 31 (2.16%) Marketing
9 29 (2.02%) Retail
10 23 (1.61%) Presentation Skills
11 21 (1.47%) Documentation Skills
12 15 (1.05%) Manufacturing
13 14 (0.98%) Telecoms
14 13 (0.91%) Automotive
15 11 (0.77%) Organisational Skills
16 10 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.63%) Influencing Skills
18 8 (0.56%) Electronics
18 8 (0.56%) Publishing
19 7 (0.49%) Law
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 778 (54.29%) React
2 529 (36.92%) Node.js
3 501 (34.96%) AngularJS
4 393 (27.42%) HTML
5 373 (26.03%) CSS
6 360 (25.12%) .NET
7 215 (15.00%) Spring
8 168 (11.72%) HTML5
9 166 (11.58%) .NET Core
10 158 (11.03%) Web Services
11 157 (10.96%) Spring Boot
12 144 (10.05%) RESTful
13 142 (9.91%) REST
14 117 (8.16%) GraphQL
15 112 (7.82%) Vue.js
16 98 (6.84%) .NET Framework
17 92 (6.42%) Redux
18 83 (5.79%) ASP.NET
19 75 (5.23%) CSS3
20 71 (4.95%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 80 (5.58%) User Experience
2 58 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
3 56 (3.91%) Mobile App
4 48 (3.35%) Fixed Income
5 41 (2.86%) Cloud Native
6 40 (2.79%) Data Protection Act
7 38 (2.65%) Data Structures
8 35 (2.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 34 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
10 26 (1.81%) Derivative
11 24 (1.67%) Algorithms
11 24 (1.67%) Equities
12 22 (1.54%) Client/Server
12 22 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
13 15 (1.05%) Credit Risk
14 12 (0.84%) N-Tier
15 11 (0.77%) Public Cloud
16 10 (0.70%) Legacy Systems
16 10 (0.70%) Management Information System
16 10 (0.70%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 43 (3.00%) Linux
2 33 (2.30%) Unix
3 21 (1.47%) Windows
4 10 (0.70%) Android
5 5 (0.35%) Windows Server
6 4 (0.28%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.28%) Mac OS X
7 3 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,424 (99.37%) Full Stack Development
2 519 (36.22%) Agile Software Development
3 328 (22.89%) Microservices
4 284 (19.82%) DevOps
5 275 (19.19%) TDD
6 205 (14.31%) Software Engineering
7 152 (10.61%) Scrum
8 151 (10.54%) Test Automation
9 130 (9.07%) Continuous Integration
10 119 (8.30%) BDD
11 117 (8.16%) Front End Development
12 101 (7.05%) Problem-Solving
13 98 (6.84%) MVC
14 95 (6.63%) Unit Testing
15 91 (6.35%) Web Development
16 84 (5.86%) OO
17 69 (4.82%) E-Commerce
18 68 (4.75%) Asset Management
18 68 (4.75%) Investment Management
18 68 (4.75%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 848 (59.18%) JavaScript
2 449 (31.33%) TypeScript
3 425 (29.66%) Java
4 387 (27.01%) C#
5 351 (24.49%) SQL
6 185 (12.91%) Python
7 97 (6.77%) PHP
8 65 (4.54%) C++
9 47 (3.28%) Java 8
10 44 (3.07%) ES6
11 29 (2.02%) Ruby
12 23 (1.61%) Go
13 21 (1.47%) Kotlin
13 21 (1.47%) T-SQL
14 18 (1.26%) Scala
15 17 (1.19%) PowerShell
16 14 (0.98%) C
17 11 (0.77%) PL/SQL
17 11 (0.77%) Shell Script
18 9 (0.63%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 64 (4.47%) Degree
2 49 (3.42%) Security Cleared
3 38 (2.65%) SC Cleared
4 12 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
5 10 (0.70%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (0.63%) Master's Degree
7 8 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.35%) AWS Certification
8 5 (0.35%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.070%) CFA
9 1 (0.070%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.070%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (2.51%) Accessibility
2 24 (1.67%) QA
3 8 (0.56%) WCAG
4 6 (0.42%) GDPR
5 3 (0.21%) PMO
6 2 (0.14%) SLA
7 1 (0.070%) WAI
System Software
1 233 (16.26%) Docker
2 15 (1.05%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.14%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 193 (13.47%) Kubernetes
2 141 (9.84%) Terraform
3 31 (2.16%) Ansible
4 16 (1.12%) Kibana
5 14 (0.98%) Graphite
6 12 (0.84%) Puppet
7 11 (0.77%) Grafana
7 11 (0.77%) logstash
8 8 (0.56%) Prometheus
9 7 (0.49%) Packer
10 6 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (0.21%) Rancher
12 2 (0.14%) Istio
12 2 (0.14%) MIIS
12 2 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
13 1 (0.070%) Control-M
13 1 (0.070%) IBM Cloud Orchestrator
Vendors
1 130 (9.07%) Microsoft
2 99 (6.91%) Oracle
3 36 (2.51%) Google
4 22 (1.54%) SAP
5 19 (1.33%) Telerik
6 14 (0.98%) Sybase
7 10 (0.70%) Splunk
8 8 (0.56%) Blackboard
8 8 (0.56%) ESRI
8 8 (0.56%) IBM
8 8 (0.56%) MuleSoft
9 7 (0.49%) Sitecore
10 6 (0.42%) DevExpress
10 6 (0.42%) SaltStack
11 5 (0.35%) New Relic
11 5 (0.35%) RedGate
11 5 (0.35%) Salesforce.com
12 4 (0.28%) ServiceNow
12 4 (0.28%) Teradata
13 3 (0.21%) Adobe