Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 166 132 184
Rank change year-on-year -34 +52 +43
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,504 2,003 1,305
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.65% 1.98% 1.42%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 7.44% 8.79% 6.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,039 1,409 863
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £358 £338
90th Percentile £664 £631 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 11 14
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £43.50 £44.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.05% -2.79% +5.29%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £25.16
90th Percentile £60.50 £48.75 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £46.69 £40.00
% change year-on-year +12.44% +16.73% -5.88%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 20,223 22,797 20,782
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.19% 22.55% 22.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,856 15,872 13,826
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +3.93% +4.71%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £634 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +4.24% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 232 272
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £33.50 £30.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.48% +9.84% +7.02%
10th Percentile £14.27 £14.00 £10.50
90th Percentile £59.56 £54.88 £52.17
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £33.50 £31.00
% change year-on-year +4.48% +8.06% +3.33%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the UK over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -40 1,441 £500 - 129
London -18 917 £525 - 68
UK excluding London -48 569 £450 +2.86% 67
South East -29 179 £450 +2.86% 15
North of England -58 140 £470 +9.47% 21
Midlands +42 104 £463 +2.78% 10
West Midlands +17 84 £463 +2.78% 6
Yorkshire -20 64 £475 +10.47% 7
North West -37 55 £425 -5.56% 9
South West -12 53 £450 +9.76% 4
East of England -21 45 £500 +11.11% 11
Scotland +34 40 £425 - 4
North East -15 21 £473 +18.13% 5
East Midlands +29 20 £488 +21.88% 4
Wales -12 8 £475 -7.32% 2
Northern Ireland +9 1 - -

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 772 (51.33%) Agile Software Development
2 659 (43.82%) SQL
3 575 (38.23%) Python
4 565 (37.57%) Java
5 511 (33.98%) Amazon AWS
6 473 (31.45%) Docker
7 421 (27.99%) Git (software)
8 419 (27.86%) MySQL
9 412 (27.39%) Linux
10 379 (25.20%) TDD
11 352 (23.40%) NoSQL
12 351 (23.34%) Jenkins
13 347 (23.07%) JavaScript
14 326 (21.68%) MongoDB
15 321 (21.34%) DevOps
16 316 (21.01%) Microservices
17 284 (18.88%) Continuous Integration
18 251 (16.69%) Security Cleared
19 250 (16.62%) Oracle
19 250 (16.62%) Scrum
20 246 (16.36%) Spring
21 244 (16.22%) Kubernetes
22 237 (15.76%) REST
23 225 (14.96%) SQL Server
24 204 (13.56%) JIRA
25 203 (13.50%) BDD
26 201 (13.36%) Microsoft Azure
26 201 (13.36%) SC Cleared
27 200 (13.30%) Open Source
28 197 (13.10%) CSS

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 172 (11.44%) Elasticsearch
2 138 (9.18%) Apache Spark
3 120 (7.98%) Apache
4 115 (7.65%) Confluence
5 89 (5.92%) Tomcat
6 80 (5.32%) nginx
7 37 (2.46%) Apache Airflow
8 31 (2.06%) JBoss
9 30 (1.99%) OpenStack
10 28 (1.86%) Luigi
11 26 (1.73%) GeoServer
12 21 (1.40%) Apache Solr
13 17 (1.13%) SAS
13 17 (1.13%) WebSphere
14 14 (0.93%) WildFly
15 12 (0.80%) WebLogic
16 11 (0.73%) Drupal
17 8 (0.53%) Apache Pig
17 8 (0.53%) ArcGIS
17 8 (0.53%) WordPress
Applications
1 8 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.33%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.13%) SPSS
4 1 (0.066%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.066%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.066%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
2 4 (0.27%) SAP ERP
2 4 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 4 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.13%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.066%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.066%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.066%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.066%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.066%) Fredhopper
5 1 (0.066%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.066%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 511 (33.98%) Amazon AWS
2 201 (13.36%) Microsoft Azure
3 107 (7.11%) Amazon S3
4 101 (6.72%) Amazon EC2
4 101 (6.72%) Google Cloud Platform
5 86 (5.72%) GitHub
6 80 (5.32%) Serverless
7 67 (4.45%) AWS Lambda
8 64 (4.26%) Amazon SQS
9 50 (3.32%) Cloud Computing
10 48 (3.19%) AWS CloudFormation
11 47 (3.13%) PaaS
12 36 (2.39%) Amazon EMR
12 36 (2.39%) Power Platform
13 33 (2.19%) Amazon Kinesis
14 29 (1.93%) Heroku
15 26 (1.73%) SaaS
16 22 (1.46%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 21 (1.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 20 (1.33%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 69 (4.59%) HTTP
2 37 (2.46%) TCP/IP
3 33 (2.19%) DNS
4 26 (1.73%) SSL
5 20 (1.33%) Internet
6 18 (1.20%) FTP
7 17 (1.13%) AMQP
8 16 (1.06%) Firewall
9 12 (0.80%) Kerberos
9 12 (0.80%) MQTT
10 11 (0.73%) OpenLDAP
11 9 (0.60%) IMAP
11 9 (0.60%) Network Security
11 9 (0.60%) SAN
11 9 (0.60%) SMTP
12 8 (0.53%) LAN
12 8 (0.53%) Skype
12 8 (0.53%) WAN
13 6 (0.40%) DHCP
14 5 (0.33%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 419 (27.86%) MySQL
2 352 (23.40%) NoSQL
3 326 (21.68%) MongoDB
4 225 (14.96%) SQL Server
5 177 (11.77%) Relational Database
6 151 (10.04%) Big Data
7 150 (9.97%) Hadoop
8 119 (7.91%) Apache Cassandra
9 111 (7.38%) Redis
10 104 (6.91%) Amazon RDS
11 93 (6.18%) Data Warehouse
12 79 (5.25%) Apache Hive
13 75 (4.99%) Amazon Redshift
14 71 (4.72%) RDBMS
15 65 (4.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 65 (4.32%) Oracle Database
16 58 (3.86%) Amazon Aurora
17 53 (3.52%) HBase
18 37 (2.46%) BigQuery
18 37 (2.46%) GIS
Development Applications
1 421 (27.99%) Git (software)
2 351 (23.34%) Jenkins
3 204 (13.56%) JIRA
4 114 (7.58%) Maven
5 96 (6.38%) JUnit
6 88 (5.85%) GitLab
7 81 (5.39%) Mockito
8 62 (4.12%) Subversion
9 60 (3.99%) SonarQube
10 57 (3.79%) Cucumber
11 55 (3.66%) Selenium
12 51 (3.39%) Artifactory
13 50 (3.32%) Sonatype Nexus
14 39 (2.59%) Bitbucket
15 38 (2.53%) gulp
16 33 (2.19%) jMock
17 32 (2.13%) DbUnit
18 27 (1.80%) NUnit
19 23 (1.53%) Mercurial
19 23 (1.53%) Vagrant
General
1 130 (8.64%) Finance
2 72 (4.79%) Retail
3 62 (4.12%) Banking
4 32 (2.13%) Marketing
5 26 (1.73%) Legal
6 20 (1.33%) Front Office
6 20 (1.33%) Investment Banking
7 19 (1.26%) Games
8 15 (1.00%) Telecoms
9 13 (0.86%) Manufacturing
10 11 (0.73%) Electronics
10 11 (0.73%) Law
11 7 (0.47%) Publishing
12 6 (0.40%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.33%) Advertising
14 3 (0.20%) Aerospace
15 2 (0.13%) Automotive
16 1 (0.066%) Back Office
16 1 (0.066%) Billing
16 1 (0.066%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 827 (54.99%) Developer
2 243 (16.16%) Java Developer
3 169 (11.24%) Python Developer
4 128 (8.51%) Data Engineer
5 106 (7.05%) DevOps Engineer
6 104 (6.91%) Senior Developer
7 98 (6.52%) DBA
8 90 (5.98%) AWS Engineer
9 82 (5.45%) Python Engineer
10 70 (4.65%) Architect
11 67 (4.45%) Software Engineer
12 56 (3.72%) Backend Developer
12 56 (3.72%) Ruby Developer
13 48 (3.19%) React Developer
14 47 (3.13%) Full Stack Developer
14 47 (3.13%) Java Engineer
15 46 (3.06%) PHP Developer
16 42 (2.79%) PostgreSQL Developer
17 38 (2.53%) AWS Developer
18 37 (2.46%) PostgreSQL DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 246 (16.36%) Spring
2 237 (15.76%) REST
3 197 (13.10%) CSS
3 197 (13.10%) Web Services
4 196 (13.03%) Kafka
5 195 (12.97%) Node.js
6 186 (12.37%) HTML
7 170 (11.30%) RESTful
8 152 (10.11%) SOAP
9 143 (9.51%) JSON
10 129 (8.58%) AngularJS
11 120 (7.98%) RabbitMQ
12 107 (7.11%) Django
13 105 (6.98%) Spring Boot
14 104 (6.91%) React
15 103 (6.85%) Hibernate
16 98 (6.52%) XML
17 70 (4.65%) HTML5
17 70 (4.65%) J2EE
18 69 (4.59%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 76 (5.05%) Analytical Skills
2 48 (3.19%) Greenfield Project
3 47 (3.13%) User Experience
4 40 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
5 35 (2.33%) Replication
6 33 (2.19%) Data Centre
7 26 (1.73%) Data Structures
8 24 (1.60%) Derivative
9 22 (1.46%) Clustering
10 18 (1.20%) Algorithms
10 18 (1.20%) PKI
11 16 (1.06%) Hybrid Cloud
12 14 (0.93%) Mobile App
13 13 (0.86%) Enterprise Software
13 13 (0.86%) NHS
13 13 (0.86%) Public Cloud
14 12 (0.80%) Robotics
15 10 (0.66%) Cloud Native
16 9 (0.60%) Linux Command Line
17 7 (0.47%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 412 (27.39%) Linux
2 138 (9.18%) Unix
3 107 (7.11%) Windows
4 51 (3.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 47 (3.13%) CentOS
6 33 (2.19%) Windows Server
7 21 (1.40%) CoreOS
7 21 (1.40%) Ubuntu
8 14 (0.93%) VMS
9 12 (0.80%) Android
10 10 (0.66%) Apple iOS
11 9 (0.60%) Mac OS X
11 9 (0.60%) Solaris
12 8 (0.53%) Fedora
12 8 (0.53%) Windows 10
13 6 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.33%) AIX
14 5 (0.33%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.27%) Debian
16 3 (0.20%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 772 (51.33%) Agile Software Development
2 379 (25.20%) TDD
3 321 (21.34%) DevOps
4 316 (21.01%) Microservices
5 284 (18.88%) Continuous Integration
6 250 (16.62%) Scrum
7 203 (13.50%) BDD
8 200 (13.30%) Open Source
9 172 (11.44%) Software Engineering
10 132 (8.78%) ETL
11 125 (8.31%) Test Automation
12 119 (7.91%) Kanban
13 111 (7.38%) Analytics
14 110 (7.31%) Data Modelling
15 108 (7.18%) Problem-Solving
16 106 (7.05%) Business Intelligence
17 104 (6.91%) Migration
18 92 (6.12%) Front End Development
19 91 (6.05%) Data Science
20 79 (5.25%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 659 (43.82%) SQL
2 575 (38.23%) Python
3 565 (37.57%) Java
4 347 (23.07%) JavaScript
5 188 (12.50%) Ruby
6 156 (10.37%) Java 8
7 115 (7.65%) Bash Shell
8 108 (7.18%) Scala
9 101 (6.72%) PHP
10 74 (4.92%) PL/SQL
11 73 (4.85%) C#
12 72 (4.79%) PowerShell
13 68 (4.52%) Perl
14 60 (3.99%) TypeScript
15 59 (3.92%) Shell Script
16 56 (3.72%) ES6
17 55 (3.66%) Go
18 49 (3.26%) C++
19 33 (2.19%) R
20 27 (1.80%) C
Qualifications
1 251 (16.69%) Security Cleared
2 201 (13.36%) SC Cleared
3 69 (4.59%) Degree
4 28 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (1.66%) DV Cleared
6 22 (1.46%) Master's Degree
7 21 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
8 11 (0.73%) PhD
9 10 (0.66%) DBS Check
10 9 (0.60%) CHECK Team Member
11 7 (0.47%) CTC Cleared
12 6 (0.40%) AWS Certification
13 3 (0.20%) MCSA
13 3 (0.20%) MCSE
13 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.13%) BC Cleared
14 2 (0.13%) OCP
14 2 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
14 2 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
15 1 (0.066%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (1.93%) QA
2 17 (1.13%) GDPR
3 14 (0.93%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.13%) PMO
7 1 (0.066%) NCSC
7 1 (0.066%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.066%) SLA
7 1 (0.066%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 473 (31.45%) Docker
2 51 (3.39%) Active Directory
3 28 (1.86%) Apache Flume
4 27 (1.80%) VMware Infrastructure
5 19 (1.26%) Oracle RAC
6 18 (1.20%) HDFS
7 17 (1.13%) Ceph
8 16 (1.06%) etcd
8 16 (1.06%) Postfix
9 14 (0.93%) flannel
9 14 (0.93%) SkyDNS
10 11 (0.73%) GlusterFS
11 8 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
11 8 (0.53%) vSphere
12 7 (0.47%) KVM
12 7 (0.47%) RACF
13 6 (0.40%) Sendmail
13 6 (0.40%) Squid
14 4 (0.27%) VMware Server
15 3 (0.20%) NFS
Systems Management
1 244 (16.22%) Kubernetes
2 176 (11.70%) Ansible
3 156 (10.37%) Terraform
4 110 (7.31%) Puppet
5 46 (3.06%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (2.79%) Prometheus
7 36 (2.39%) Grafana
7 36 (2.39%) Kibana
8 31 (2.06%) HAProxy
9 24 (1.60%) Docker Swarm
9 24 (1.60%) Packer
10 20 (1.33%) Sysdig
10 20 (1.33%) ZABBIX
11 19 (1.26%) Consul
11 19 (1.26%) Graphite
12 17 (1.13%) rkt
13 16 (1.06%) logstash
14 15 (1.00%) Host Intrusion Detection System
14 15 (1.00%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 14 (0.93%) Mesos
Vendors
1 250 (16.62%) Oracle
2 113 (7.51%) Microsoft
3 94 (6.25%) Google
4 48 (3.19%) Tableau
5 46 (3.06%) Atlassian
5 46 (3.06%) Red Hat
6 42 (2.79%) VMware
7 26 (1.73%) Informatica
8 23 (1.53%) IBM
8 23 (1.53%) Splunk
9 16 (1.06%) SAP
10 15 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
10 15 (1.00%) Talend
10 15 (1.00%) Zend
11 14 (0.93%) Citrix
12 13 (0.86%) HP
12 13 (0.86%) NetApp
13 11 (0.73%) Sybase
14 10 (0.66%) Hortonworks
14 10 (0.66%) New Relic