Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 150 146 165
Rank change year-on-year -4 +19 -22
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,504 570 1,440
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.81% 1.85% 1.69%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.44% 8.08% 7.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,083 417 981
10th Percentile £392 £338 £363
25th Percentile £450 £413 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £600 £613 £575
90th Percentile £675 £750 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £456 £463
% change year-on-year +1.37% -1.35% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 3 8
10th Percentile £45.17 £37.60 £25.00
25th Percentile £49.78 £41.50 £32.50
Median hourly rate £65.75 £51.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +28.92% +2.00% +6.38%
75th Percentile £78.13 £60.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £91.38 £63.60 £54.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £59.88 £50.50 £52.50
% change year-on-year +18.56% -3.81% +11.70%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,819 7,052 18,724
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.43% 22.85% 22.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,482 4,821 12,937
10th Percentile £350 £313 £320
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £498 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.53% +4.74% -
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £675 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +2.78% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 220 118 247
10th Percentile £15.66 £12.63 £11.19
25th Percentile £23.19 £17.47 £16.84
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +40.00% -16.67% +1.69%
75th Percentile £58.05 £42.00 £48.94
90th Percentile £65.50 £55.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £23.22 £27.94
% change year-on-year +40.00% -16.91% +5.63%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 1,153 £525 - 564
London -20 716 £550 - 322
Work from Home -47 486 £500 +1.01% 164
UK excluding London +14 448 £463 +1.37% 270
South East -5 140 £513 +7.89% 56
Scotland +6 95 £450 +1.41% 17
North of England -29 86 £463 +3.06% 78
Midlands -51 49 £453 +13.13% 49
North West -35 40 £463 +14.20% 50
West Midlands -43 40 £465 +24.00% 34
South West -40 37 £450 -2.70% 35
North East +9 28 £575 +18.86% 9
East of England -36 26 £439 -7.63% 19
Yorkshire -32 22 £450 -10.00% 19
Wales -13 16 £480 +6.67% 12
East Midlands -40 6 £253 -36.88% 14

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 728 (48.40%) AWS
2 549 (36.50%) Java
3 546 (36.30%) SQL
4 512 (34.04%) Agile Software Development
5 505 (33.58%) Docker
6 491 (32.65%) Python
7 425 (28.26%) Microservices
8 412 (27.39%) Kubernetes
9 375 (24.93%) JavaScript
10 349 (23.20%) Azure
11 345 (22.94%) Oracle
12 339 (22.54%) DevOps
13 318 (21.14%) Git (software)
14 312 (20.74%) Spring
15 311 (20.68%) MySQL
16 295 (19.61%) Jenkins
16 295 (19.61%) React
17 280 (18.62%) MongoDB
18 279 (18.55%) Relational Database
19 277 (18.42%) Node.js
20 260 (17.29%) Spring Boot
21 257 (17.09%) SQL Server
22 252 (16.76%) Software Engineering
23 245 (16.29%) Terraform
24 237 (15.76%) Linux
25 235 (15.63%) Serverless
26 229 (15.23%) REST
27 228 (15.16%) Finance
28 226 (15.03%) Social Skills
29 217 (14.43%) NoSQL

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (7.58%) Elasticsearch
2 111 (7.38%) Apache Spark
3 81 (5.39%) Confluence
4 68 (4.52%) Tomcat
5 57 (3.79%) Apache
6 55 (3.66%) nginx
7 46 (3.06%) Apache Airflow
8 28 (1.86%) Luigi
9 17 (1.13%) SAS
10 16 (1.06%) SharePoint
11 15 (1.00%) Oracle Workflow
12 13 (0.86%) JBoss
13 11 (0.73%) OpenStack
13 11 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 8 (0.53%) Oracle Application Server
14 8 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
14 8 (0.53%) WebLogic
15 7 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
15 7 (0.47%) GeoServer
15 7 (0.47%) IIS
Applications
1 18 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.20%) SPSS
4 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.066%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.066%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 4 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.20%) Magento
2 3 (0.20%) Oracle Financials
2 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.066%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.066%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.066%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 728 (48.40%) AWS
2 349 (23.20%) Azure
3 235 (15.63%) Serverless
4 181 (12.03%) Amazon S3
5 171 (11.37%) AWS Lambda
6 143 (9.51%) GCP
7 105 (6.98%) AWS CloudFormation
8 85 (5.65%) OpenShift
9 82 (5.45%) PaaS
10 69 (4.59%) Amazon EC2
10 69 (4.59%) GitHub
11 67 (4.45%) Amazon SQS
12 65 (4.32%) Power Platform
12 65 (4.32%) SaaS
13 60 (3.99%) IaaS
14 42 (2.79%) Amazon ECS
15 37 (2.46%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 34 (2.26%) Snowflake
17 25 (1.66%) Amazon EKS
18 24 (1.60%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 58 (3.86%) HTTP
2 26 (1.73%) DNS
3 23 (1.53%) SAN
4 17 (1.13%) Firewall
5 13 (0.86%) WAN
6 12 (0.80%) LAN
6 12 (0.80%) NAS
6 12 (0.80%) SSH
7 11 (0.73%) Internet
7 11 (0.73%) Intranet
7 11 (0.73%) SNMP
8 9 (0.60%) Kerberos
8 9 (0.60%) Network Security
9 8 (0.53%) FTP
9 8 (0.53%) TACACS
9 8 (0.53%) VPN
10 7 (0.47%) SSL
11 6 (0.40%) TCP/IP
12 5 (0.33%) DHCP
12 5 (0.33%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 311 (20.68%) MySQL
2 280 (18.62%) MongoDB
3 279 (18.55%) Relational Database
4 257 (17.09%) SQL Server
5 217 (14.43%) NoSQL
6 153 (10.17%) Big Data
7 139 (9.24%) Hadoop
8 134 (8.91%) Amazon Aurora
8 134 (8.91%) Data Warehouse
9 120 (7.98%) Redis
10 109 (7.25%) RDBMS
11 108 (7.18%) Amazon RDS
12 105 (6.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 78 (5.19%) Apache Cassandra
14 68 (4.52%) Tableau
15 64 (4.26%) Power BI
16 62 (4.12%) Oracle Database
17 56 (3.72%) Apache Hive
18 50 (3.32%) Amazon Redshift
19 46 (3.06%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 318 (21.14%) Git (software)
2 295 (19.61%) Jenkins
3 167 (11.10%) JIRA
4 132 (8.78%) Maven
5 109 (7.25%) GitLab
6 76 (5.05%) JUnit
7 56 (3.72%) Sonatype Nexus
8 55 (3.66%) Bitbucket
9 54 (3.59%) SonarQube
10 43 (2.86%) Artifactory
11 36 (2.39%) Cucumber
11 36 (2.39%) Cypress.io
12 35 (2.33%) Subversion
13 32 (2.13%) Postman
14 30 (1.99%) Gradle
15 28 (1.86%) Selenium
16 22 (1.46%) JMeter
17 21 (1.40%) IntelliJ
17 21 (1.40%) Jasmine
17 21 (1.40%) Mockito
General
1 228 (15.16%) Finance
2 226 (15.03%) Social Skills
3 159 (10.57%) Public Sector
4 96 (6.38%) Analytical Skills
5 93 (6.18%) Banking
6 41 (2.73%) Telecoms
7 34 (2.26%) Presentation Skills
8 31 (2.06%) Marketing
9 24 (1.60%) Electronics
10 22 (1.46%) Manufacturing
11 21 (1.40%) Games
12 20 (1.33%) Retail
13 19 (1.26%) Documentation Skills
14 16 (1.06%) Influencing Skills
15 14 (0.93%) Law
16 13 (0.86%) Legal
17 11 (0.73%) Financial Institution
18 8 (0.53%) Front Office
18 8 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
19 7 (0.47%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 665 (44.22%) Developer
2 178 (11.84%) Java Developer
3 143 (9.51%) Data Engineer
4 119 (7.91%) Architect
5 110 (7.31%) Python Developer
6 106 (7.05%) Senior Developer
7 105 (6.98%) Full Stack Developer
8 96 (6.38%) DevOps Engineer
9 71 (4.72%) Software Engineer
10 53 (3.52%) DBA
11 52 (3.46%) Analyst
12 49 (3.26%) AWS Developer
12 49 (3.26%) Node.js Developer
13 46 (3.06%) Java Engineer
14 39 (2.59%) Software Developer
15 38 (2.53%) Support Engineer
16 37 (2.46%) React Developer
17 36 (2.39%) AWS Engineer
18 35 (2.33%) Data Analyst
19 32 (2.13%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 312 (20.74%) Spring
2 295 (19.61%) React
3 277 (18.42%) Node.js
4 260 (17.29%) Spring Boot
5 229 (15.23%) REST
6 173 (11.50%) Kafka
7 142 (9.44%) HTML
8 136 (9.04%) CSS
9 130 (8.64%) RESTful
10 123 (8.18%) AngularJS
11 102 (6.78%) .NET
12 93 (6.18%) GraphQL
12 93 (6.18%) Web Services
13 83 (5.52%) Django
13 83 (5.52%) JSON
14 66 (4.39%) RabbitMQ
15 59 (3.92%) XML
16 57 (3.79%) OAuth
16 57 (3.79%) Spring Security
17 55 (3.66%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 73 (4.85%) Legacy Systems
2 57 (3.79%) User Experience
3 45 (2.99%) Cloud Native
4 44 (2.93%) Data Structures
5 42 (2.79%) Data Centre
6 35 (2.33%) Management Information System
7 33 (2.19%) Public Cloud
8 30 (1.99%) Data Protection Act
9 27 (1.80%) Clustering
9 27 (1.80%) Replication
10 25 (1.66%) Legacy Applications
11 24 (1.60%) Greenfield Project
12 21 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
12 21 (1.40%) Linux Command Line
13 20 (1.33%) Reference Data
14 19 (1.26%) NHS
15 16 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
16 13 (0.86%) Mobile App
17 12 (0.80%) Enterprise Cloud
17 12 (0.80%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 237 (15.76%) Linux
2 111 (7.38%) Unix
3 61 (4.06%) Windows
4 33 (2.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 17 (1.13%) Windows Server
6 14 (0.93%) Ubuntu
7 13 (0.86%) Mac OS X
8 11 (0.73%) Debian
9 10 (0.66%) VMS
10 6 (0.40%) Android
10 6 (0.40%) CoreOS
11 5 (0.33%) Apple iOS
11 5 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.27%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
12 4 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
13 3 (0.20%) AIX
13 3 (0.20%) CentOS
13 3 (0.20%) Solaris
13 3 (0.20%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 512 (34.04%) Agile Software Development
2 425 (28.26%) Microservices
3 339 (22.54%) DevOps
4 252 (16.76%) Software Engineering
5 197 (13.10%) Scrum
6 181 (12.03%) Full Stack Development
7 178 (11.84%) Analytics
8 175 (11.64%) TDD
8 175 (11.64%) Test Automation
9 149 (9.91%) ETL
10 148 (9.84%) Infrastructure as Code
11 133 (8.84%) Business Intelligence
12 118 (7.85%) Mentoring
13 117 (7.78%) Data Modelling
13 117 (7.78%) Open Source
14 102 (6.78%) Migration
15 97 (6.45%) Kanban
16 84 (5.59%) BDD
17 77 (5.12%) SDLC
18 75 (4.99%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 549 (36.50%) Java
2 546 (36.30%) SQL
3 491 (32.65%) Python
4 375 (24.93%) JavaScript
5 157 (10.44%) TypeScript
6 97 (6.45%) Scala
7 89 (5.92%) C#
8 81 (5.39%) Java 8
9 69 (4.59%) Ruby
10 68 (4.52%) Bash Shell
11 64 (4.26%) PL/SQL
12 59 (3.92%) Go
13 54 (3.59%) Java 11
13 54 (3.59%) PHP
14 49 (3.26%) Groovy
15 41 (2.73%) Shell Script
16 40 (2.66%) PowerShell
16 40 (2.66%) T-SQL
17 33 (2.19%) C
18 31 (2.06%) Perl
Qualifications
1 182 (12.10%) Security Cleared
2 126 (8.38%) SC Cleared
3 86 (5.72%) Degree
4 39 (2.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (2.26%) BPSS Clearance
6 11 (0.73%) ISTQB
7 9 (0.60%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.27%) CCIE
8 4 (0.27%) CCNP
8 4 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
8 4 (0.27%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 4 (0.27%) Master's Degree
8 4 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
9 3 (0.20%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.20%) OCP
9 3 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
9 3 (0.20%) SAS Certification
10 2 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (5.52%) Accessibility
2 48 (3.19%) Data Quality
3 37 (2.46%) QA
4 18 (1.20%) GDPR
5 11 (0.73%) SLA
6 8 (0.53%) HL7
6 8 (0.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.20%) FedRAMP
7 3 (0.20%) NCSC
7 3 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.13%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.066%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.066%) GxP
9 1 (0.066%) PMO
9 1 (0.066%) WCAG
System Software
1 505 (33.58%) Docker
2 42 (2.79%) Active Directory
3 30 (1.99%) HDFS
4 18 (1.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (0.73%) Oracle RAC
6 10 (0.66%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 7 (0.47%) OpenAM
8 6 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.33%) Hyper-V
9 5 (0.33%) vCloud
9 5 (0.33%) vSphere
10 4 (0.27%) Ceph
10 4 (0.27%) RACF
10 4 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.20%) Postfix
11 3 (0.20%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.13%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.13%) NFS
12 2 (0.13%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 412 (27.39%) Kubernetes
2 245 (16.29%) Terraform
3 132 (8.78%) Ansible
4 116 (7.71%) Grafana
5 55 (3.66%) Prometheus
6 48 (3.19%) Kibana
7 36 (2.39%) Puppet
8 30 (1.99%) Rancher
9 24 (1.60%) Opscode Chef
10 16 (1.06%) logstash
11 14 (0.93%) Oozie
12 12 (0.80%) Single Sign-On
13 11 (0.73%) HAProxy
13 11 (0.73%) SCCM
13 11 (0.73%) ZABBIX
14 10 (0.66%) Oracle RMAN
15 9 (0.60%) Consul
15 9 (0.60%) Data Guard
15 9 (0.60%) Istio
16 8 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 345 (22.94%) Oracle
2 125 (8.31%) Microsoft
3 60 (3.99%) Informatica
4 56 (3.72%) Google
5 52 (3.46%) Red Hat
6 45 (2.99%) Splunk
7 42 (2.79%) Databricks
8 38 (2.53%) Atlassian
8 38 (2.53%) Sybase
9 32 (2.13%) SAP
10 29 (1.93%) Salesforce.com
11 28 (1.86%) VMware
12 26 (1.73%) Dynatrace
13 23 (1.53%) Hortonworks
13 23 (1.53%) IBM
14 22 (1.46%) Talend
15 19 (1.26%) MuleSoft
16 17 (1.13%) Cloudera
17 15 (1.00%) New Relic
18 12 (0.80%) AppDynamics