Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 16 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK
6 months to
16 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 142 139 178
Rank change year-on-year -3 +39 -8
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,653 1,076 735
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.89% 1.89% 1.47%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.59% 8.92% 6.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,237 800 540
10th Percentile £425 £363 £375
25th Percentile £498 £425 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £638
90th Percentile £725 £638 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £465 £475
% change year-on-year +7.53% -2.11% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 2
10th Percentile £38.50 £19.19 £25.73
25th Percentile £43.75 £23.49 £32.44
Median hourly rate £55.00 £33.32 £44.25
Median % change year-on-year +65.07% -24.70% +6.63%
75th Percentile £57.70 £45.49 £55.44
90th Percentile £57.81 £51.20 £61.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £33.32 £44.25
% change year-on-year - -24.70% +2.31%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,241 12,066 10,707
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.72% 21.24% 21.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,247 8,244 7,389
10th Percentile £375 £325 £325
25th Percentile £450 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £440 £450
% change year-on-year +12.50% -2.22% +4.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 187 215 159
10th Percentile £15.00 £11.49 £13.45
25th Percentile £22.45 £19.00 £17.92
Median hourly rate £45.00 £26.50 £24.10
Median % change year-on-year +69.81% +9.96% -15.44%
75th Percentile £65.54 £45.10 £45.25
90th Percentile £75.00 £60.85 £55.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £24.30 £22.50
% change year-on-year +44.03% +8.00% -21.74%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the UK over the 6 months to 16 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +5 1,311 £565 +13.00% 358
Work from Home -15 926 £550 +10.00% 181
London +21 894 £600 +20.00% 214
UK excluding London -29 395 £500 +7.53% 160
South East +23 133 £500 +5.26% 33
Scotland -14 78 £500 +11.11% 18
North of England -34 75 £550 +10.00% 54
Midlands -32 51 £495 +4.21% 17
North West -6 40 £481 -3.75% 29
West Midlands -30 40 £495 +0.51% 10
East of England -10 32 £525 +21.04% 20
Yorkshire -33 29 £573 +7.76% 19
South West -69 23 £500 +6.04% 14
East Midlands -15 11 £463 +49.19% 7
North East -7 10 £688 +44.74% 7
Wales -8 7 £500 +33.33% 4

For the 6 months to 16 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 697 (42.17%) AWS
2 631 (38.17%) Agile
3 618 (37.39%) SQL
4 598 (36.18%) Java
5 571 (34.54%) Python
6 513 (31.03%) Microservices
7 483 (29.22%) DevOps
8 479 (28.98%) Docker
9 443 (26.80%) Azure
10 433 (26.19%) Kubernetes
11 425 (25.71%) JavaScript
12 385 (23.29%) CI/CD
13 375 (22.69%) React
14 358 (21.66%) MySQL
15 353 (21.36%) Oracle
16 319 (19.30%) Linux
17 318 (19.24%) Git (software)
18 306 (18.51%) Node.js
19 295 (17.85%) Kafka
20 292 (17.66%) Jenkins
21 291 (17.60%) SQL Server
22 283 (17.12%) Spring
23 276 (16.70%) MongoDB
24 268 (16.21%) Finance
25 266 (16.09%) Software Engineering
26 259 (15.67%) Full Stack Development
27 249 (15.06%) Relational Database
28 240 (14.52%) TDD
29 235 (14.22%) Spring Boot
30 229 (13.85%) Terraform

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 105 (6.35%) Elasticsearch
2 99 (5.99%) Confluence
3 87 (5.26%) Apache
4 64 (3.87%) Apache Spark
5 53 (3.21%) Apache Airflow
6 40 (2.42%) nginx
7 28 (1.69%) JBoss
8 26 (1.57%) Tomcat
9 23 (1.39%) OpenStack
9 23 (1.39%) WebSphere
10 15 (0.91%) IIS
11 13 (0.79%) SharePoint
12 11 (0.67%) CMS
12 11 (0.67%) SAS
13 10 (0.60%) GeoServer
13 10 (0.60%) Luigi
14 9 (0.54%) Apache Solr
14 9 (0.54%) Red Hat Fuse
15 8 (0.48%) Drupal
16 7 (0.42%) GlassFish
Applications
1 26 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.24%) SPSS
4 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (0.85%) HiPortfolio
2 9 (0.54%) Misys Midas
3 5 (0.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.060%) Magento
6 1 (0.060%) Primavera
6 1 (0.060%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.060%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 697 (42.17%) AWS
2 443 (26.80%) Azure
3 188 (11.37%) Serverless
4 151 (9.13%) GCP
5 139 (8.41%) Amazon S3
6 126 (7.62%) AWS Lambda
7 122 (7.38%) OpenShift
8 83 (5.02%) GitHub
9 77 (4.66%) AWS CloudFormation
10 65 (3.93%) Amazon SQS
11 59 (3.57%) PaaS
12 54 (3.27%) Amazon EC2
13 50 (3.02%) Power Platform
14 46 (2.78%) Azure Functions
15 41 (2.48%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 41 (2.48%) SaaS
16 40 (2.42%) Cloud Computing
17 33 (2.00%) Azure Service Bus
18 31 (1.88%) Amazon ECS
19 29 (1.75%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (2.72%) HTTP
2 43 (2.60%) DNS
3 28 (1.69%) Firewall
4 25 (1.51%) SSL
5 15 (0.91%) SSH
6 13 (0.79%) FTP
6 13 (0.79%) Kerberos
7 11 (0.67%) TCP/IP
8 10 (0.60%) Broadband
8 10 (0.60%) VPN
9 9 (0.54%) DHCP
10 6 (0.36%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
10 6 (0.36%) HTTPS
10 6 (0.36%) SMTP
11 5 (0.30%) LAN
11 5 (0.30%) SAN
11 5 (0.30%) VoIP
11 5 (0.30%) WAN
12 3 (0.18%) Internet
12 3 (0.18%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 358 (21.66%) MySQL
2 291 (17.60%) SQL Server
3 276 (16.70%) MongoDB
4 249 (15.06%) Relational Database
5 215 (13.01%) NoSQL
6 196 (11.86%) Redis
7 99 (5.99%) Amazon Aurora
8 96 (5.81%) Data Warehouse
9 93 (5.63%) Amazon RDS
10 92 (5.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 74 (4.48%) RDBMS
12 72 (4.36%) Oracle Database
13 66 (3.99%) Hadoop
14 62 (3.75%) Amazon Redshift
15 56 (3.39%) Big Data
16 53 (3.21%) Apache Cassandra
17 52 (3.15%) Data Lake
18 48 (2.90%) Azure SQL Database
19 46 (2.78%) MariaDB
20 43 (2.60%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 318 (19.24%) Git (software)
2 292 (17.66%) Jenkins
3 137 (8.29%) JIRA
4 136 (8.23%) GitLab
5 79 (4.78%) Maven
6 72 (4.36%) Gradle
6 72 (4.36%) SonarQube
7 59 (3.57%) Sonatype Nexus
8 48 (2.90%) Selenium
9 47 (2.84%) JUnit
10 43 (2.60%) Artifactory
11 40 (2.42%) Cucumber
12 38 (2.30%) Bitbucket
13 28 (1.69%) Cypress.io
14 27 (1.63%) Subversion
15 26 (1.57%) CircleCI
15 26 (1.57%) Mockito
16 25 (1.51%) webpack
17 22 (1.33%) gulp
18 19 (1.15%) git-flow
General
1 268 (16.21%) Finance
2 189 (11.43%) Public Sector
3 178 (10.77%) Social Skills
4 85 (5.14%) Banking
5 82 (4.96%) Analytical Skills
6 47 (2.84%) Telecoms
7 38 (2.30%) Marketing
8 29 (1.75%) Presentation Skills
9 27 (1.63%) Electronics
9 27 (1.63%) Front Office
10 25 (1.51%) Manufacturing
11 23 (1.39%) Documentation Skills
12 21 (1.27%) Influencing Skills
13 19 (1.15%) Publishing
14 17 (1.03%) Retail
15 15 (0.91%) Investment Banking
16 13 (0.79%) Financial Institution
17 12 (0.73%) Legal
18 11 (0.67%) Games
18 11 (0.67%) Law
Job Titles
1 764 (46.22%) Developer
2 181 (10.95%) Java Developer
3 126 (7.62%) Senior Developer
4 119 (7.20%) Data Engineer
5 115 (6.96%) Full Stack Developer
6 113 (6.84%) Architect
7 104 (6.29%) Software Engineer
8 99 (5.99%) DevOps Engineer
9 98 (5.93%) Python Developer
10 89 (5.38%) DBA
11 82 (4.96%) Analyst
12 64 (3.87%) React Developer
13 63 (3.81%) AWS Engineer
14 61 (3.69%) .NET Developer
15 54 (3.27%) Administrator
16 50 (3.02%) Azure Developer
16 50 (3.02%) C# Developer
17 46 (2.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 44 (2.66%) Python Engineer
19 43 (2.60%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 375 (22.69%) React
2 306 (18.51%) Node.js
3 295 (17.85%) Kafka
4 283 (17.12%) Spring
5 235 (14.22%) Spring Boot
6 208 (12.58%) REST
7 183 (11.07%) HTML
8 157 (9.50%) .NET
9 152 (9.20%) CSS
10 130 (7.86%) RESTful
11 111 (6.72%) AngularJS
12 105 (6.35%) JSON
13 103 (6.23%) gRPC
14 87 (5.26%) GraphQL
14 87 (5.26%) XML
15 85 (5.14%) .NET Framework
16 84 (5.08%) Web Services
17 83 (5.02%) Django
18 82 (4.96%) Hibernate
19 68 (4.11%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 84 (5.08%) Cloud Native
2 75 (4.54%) User Experience
3 55 (3.33%) Linux Command Line
4 51 (3.09%) Legacy Systems
5 42 (2.54%) Management Information System
6 36 (2.18%) Replication
7 35 (2.12%) Data Structures
8 29 (1.75%) Clustering
8 29 (1.75%) PKI
9 28 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
10 27 (1.63%) Mobile App
11 26 (1.57%) Public Cloud
12 25 (1.51%) Reference Data
13 23 (1.39%) Algorithms
14 20 (1.21%) Virtual Team
15 17 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
16 16 (0.97%) Blockchain
17 15 (0.91%) Enterprise Software
18 14 (0.85%) Data Centre
18 14 (0.85%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 319 (19.30%) Linux
2 152 (9.20%) Windows
3 92 (5.57%) Unix
4 35 (2.12%) Ubuntu
5 30 (1.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 26 (1.57%) CentOS
7 24 (1.45%) Windows Server
8 13 (0.79%) Android
8 13 (0.79%) Debian
9 12 (0.73%) Mac OS X
9 12 (0.73%) Solaris
10 11 (0.67%) Apple iOS
11 6 (0.36%) VMS
12 5 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.24%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.18%) zOS
15 2 (0.12%) AIX
15 2 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
15 2 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 631 (38.17%) Agile
2 513 (31.03%) Microservices
3 483 (29.22%) DevOps
4 385 (23.29%) CI/CD
5 266 (16.09%) Software Engineering
6 259 (15.67%) Full Stack Development
7 240 (14.52%) TDD
8 211 (12.76%) Scrum
9 173 (10.47%) Analytics
10 165 (9.98%) Test Automation
11 139 (8.41%) BDD
11 139 (8.41%) ETL
12 123 (7.44%) Infrastructure as Code
13 118 (7.14%) Continuous Integration
14 116 (7.02%) Open Source
15 113 (6.84%) Fintech
15 113 (6.84%) Migration
16 105 (6.35%) Business Intelligence
16 105 (6.35%) Data Modelling
17 104 (6.29%) Clean Code
Programming Languages
1 618 (37.39%) SQL
2 598 (36.18%) Java
3 571 (34.54%) Python
4 425 (25.71%) JavaScript
5 219 (13.25%) TypeScript
6 137 (8.29%) C#
7 129 (7.80%) Go
8 115 (6.96%) Bash
9 104 (6.29%) PowerShell
10 98 (5.93%) Ruby
11 69 (4.17%) Scala
12 55 (3.33%) T-SQL
13 50 (3.02%) PL/SQL
14 34 (2.06%) PHP
15 30 (1.81%) Groovy
16 24 (1.45%) Kotlin
17 23 (1.39%) Shell Script
18 20 (1.21%) C++
19 15 (0.91%) C
19 15 (0.91%) R
Qualifications
1 219 (13.25%) Security Cleared
2 180 (10.89%) SC Cleared
3 90 (5.44%) Degree
4 49 (2.96%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (1.88%) BPSS Clearance
6 17 (1.03%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.42%) OCA
7 7 (0.42%) OCP
7 7 (0.42%) Oracle Certification
8 6 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (0.36%) PMP
8 6 (0.36%) RHCE
9 3 (0.18%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.18%) ISEB
9 3 (0.18%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.12%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 2 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.12%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.12%) MCSA
11 1 (0.060%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (3.93%) QA
2 43 (2.60%) Accessibility
3 31 (1.88%) Data Quality
4 14 (0.85%) GDPR
5 13 (0.79%) SLA
6 8 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 5 (0.30%) HL7
8 4 (0.24%) ISO 20022
8 4 (0.24%) PMO
8 4 (0.24%) SEPA
9 3 (0.18%) OASIS TOSCA
10 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.060%) Actionable Recommendations
11 1 (0.060%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.060%) DICOM
11 1 (0.060%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.060%) GLBA
11 1 (0.060%) NIST
11 1 (0.060%) PMBOK
System Software
1 479 (28.98%) Docker
2 60 (3.63%) Active Directory
3 34 (2.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (1.88%) Oracle RAC
5 25 (1.51%) vSphere
6 15 (0.91%) VMware NSX
7 10 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
9 7 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 7 (0.42%) Postfix
10 6 (0.36%) Firmware
10 6 (0.36%) vCloud
10 6 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.18%) Ceph
11 3 (0.18%) etcd
11 3 (0.18%) GridGain
12 2 (0.12%) HDFS
12 2 (0.12%) iptables
12 2 (0.12%) NFS
13 1 (0.060%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 433 (26.19%) Kubernetes
2 229 (13.85%) Terraform
3 155 (9.38%) Ansible
4 90 (5.44%) Grafana
5 40 (2.42%) Puppet
6 35 (2.12%) Prometheus
7 34 (2.06%) Opscode Chef
8 29 (1.75%) Kibana
9 19 (1.15%) Consul
9 19 (1.15%) PowerCLI
9 19 (1.15%) vRealize
10 17 (1.03%) Data Guard
11 16 (0.97%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 15 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
12 15 (0.91%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
13 14 (0.85%) Oracle RMAN
14 13 (0.79%) Istio
14 13 (0.79%) logstash
14 13 (0.79%) Packer
14 13 (0.79%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 353 (21.36%) Oracle
2 123 (7.44%) Microsoft
3 96 (5.81%) Google
4 77 (4.66%) Red Hat
5 63 (3.81%) VMware
6 47 (2.84%) Databricks
7 39 (2.36%) Atlassian
8 35 (2.12%) SAP
9 27 (1.63%) Splunk
10 23 (1.39%) Informatica
11 20 (1.21%) ServiceNow
12 16 (0.97%) SaltStack
13 15 (0.91%) Infoblox
13 15 (0.91%) SolarWinds
14 14 (0.85%) Alteryx
14 14 (0.85%) CyberArk
14 14 (0.85%) SimCorp
14 14 (0.85%) TIBCO
14 14 (0.85%) Vermilion
15 13 (0.79%) Sybase