Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 141 178 174
Rank change year-on-year +37 -4 -40
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,049 753 1,534
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.88% 1.45% 1.65%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.96% 6.84% 7.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 785 552 1,076
10th Percentile £363 £375 £363
25th Percentile £425 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £575 £636 £575
90th Percentile £638 £712 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £475 £463
% change year-on-year -2.63% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 10
10th Percentile £19.19 £25.73 £26.09
25th Percentile £23.49 £32.44 £30.08
Median hourly rate £33.32 £44.25 £43.25
Median % change year-on-year -24.70% +2.31% -0.57%
75th Percentile £45.49 £55.44 £48.18
90th Percentile £51.20 £61.78 £49.69
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.32 £44.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year -24.70% -1.67% -3.62%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 11,703 11,004 20,913
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.01% 21.20% 22.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,002 7,538 14,537
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £406 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.15%
75th Percentile £597 £580 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £439 £450 £430
% change year-on-year -2.53% +4.65% +3.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 207 168 242
10th Percentile £11.71 £13.67 £13.72
25th Percentile £19.00 £18.19 £18.00
Median hourly rate £26.50 £24.70 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +7.29% -17.67% -
75th Percentile £45.00 £46.00 £47.55
90th Percentile £60.10 £59.95 £58.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.15 £22.52 £30.00
% change year-on-year +7.23% -24.93% -1.64%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the UK over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +30 774 £500 -4.76% 490
London +5 469 £505 -12.17% 254
Work from Home -22 400 £500 - 149
UK excluding London +53 308 £463 -2.63% 261
Scotland +56 88 £450 - 20
South East +48 67 £475 +2.70% 64
South West +56 55 £475 -5.00% 26
North of England +48 54 £500 +6.38% 64
Midlands -16 32 £475 - 55
West Midlands -31 27 £495 +4.21% 40
Yorkshire +41 26 £531 +32.81% 20
North West +6 16 £495 +10.00% 40
North East +24 12 £475 -17.39% 4
East of England +14 9 £434 -17.38% 25
East Midlands +15 4 £305 -31.84% 15
Wales -13 3 £375 -25.00% 7

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 532 (50.71%) AWS
2 394 (37.56%) Agile Software Development
3 379 (36.13%) Python
4 377 (35.94%) Java
5 361 (34.41%) SQL
6 311 (29.65%) Docker
7 294 (28.03%) JavaScript
8 280 (26.69%) Microservices
9 243 (23.16%) Kubernetes
10 241 (22.97%) Azure
11 229 (21.83%) DevOps
12 212 (20.21%) Oracle
13 211 (20.11%) Jenkins
14 196 (18.68%) Git (software)
15 181 (17.25%) MySQL
16 179 (17.06%) Security Cleared
17 174 (16.59%) Linux
17 174 (16.59%) Node.js
18 171 (16.30%) Serverless
19 170 (16.21%) Spring
20 164 (15.63%) TDD
21 163 (15.54%) Software Engineering
21 163 (15.54%) SQL Server
21 163 (15.54%) Amazon S3
22 162 (15.44%) REST
23 153 (14.59%) Finance
24 151 (14.39%) SC Cleared
24 151 (14.39%) AWS Lambda
25 141 (13.44%) Spring Boot
25 141 (13.44%) Terraform

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (10.39%) Elasticsearch
2 75 (7.15%) Confluence
3 73 (6.96%) Apache
4 60 (5.72%) Apache Spark
5 35 (3.34%) Apache Airflow
6 29 (2.76%) Tomcat
7 28 (2.67%) JBoss
8 27 (2.57%) nginx
9 14 (1.33%) Camunda
9 14 (1.33%) GeoServer
9 14 (1.33%) MQSeries
9 14 (1.33%) Red Hat Fuse
9 14 (1.33%) SAS
9 14 (1.33%) WebLogic
10 9 (0.86%) Luigi
11 8 (0.76%) Jetty
12 7 (0.67%) ArcGIS
12 7 (0.67%) Oracle Workflow
13 6 (0.57%) OpenStack
14 5 (0.48%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 9 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.095%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.095%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (0.95%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.48%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 532 (50.71%) AWS
2 241 (22.97%) Azure
3 171 (16.30%) Serverless
4 163 (15.54%) Amazon S3
5 151 (14.39%) AWS Lambda
6 79 (7.53%) OpenShift
7 74 (7.05%) AWS CloudFormation
8 72 (6.86%) GCP
9 49 (4.67%) Power Platform
10 47 (4.48%) PaaS
11 43 (4.10%) Amazon SQS
12 39 (3.72%) GitHub
13 30 (2.86%) Amazon EC2
14 29 (2.76%) SaaS
15 26 (2.48%) Amazon ECS
15 26 (2.48%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 22 (2.10%) AWS Step Functions
16 22 (2.10%) IaaS
17 18 (1.72%) Amazon EMR
18 17 (1.62%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 25 (2.38%) HTTP
2 20 (1.91%) DNS
3 15 (1.43%) TCP/IP
4 12 (1.14%) SSH
5 11 (1.05%) SMTP
6 9 (0.86%) Firewall
7 8 (0.76%) Internet
7 8 (0.76%) IPv4
7 8 (0.76%) SNMP
8 7 (0.67%) IPv6
8 7 (0.67%) SAN
9 6 (0.57%) iSCSI
9 6 (0.57%) SMS
9 6 (0.57%) TACACS
10 5 (0.48%) DMARC
11 4 (0.38%) LAN
11 4 (0.38%) Network Security
11 4 (0.38%) WAN
12 3 (0.29%) SSL
12 3 (0.29%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 181 (17.25%) MySQL
2 163 (15.54%) SQL Server
3 137 (13.06%) MongoDB
4 134 (12.77%) NoSQL
5 124 (11.82%) Relational Database
6 96 (9.15%) Amazon Aurora
7 89 (8.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 79 (7.53%) Data Warehouse
9 74 (7.05%) Amazon RDS
9 74 (7.05%) Hadoop
10 73 (6.96%) Redis
11 61 (5.82%) Big Data
12 60 (5.72%) Oracle Database
13 43 (4.10%) Apache Cassandra
14 41 (3.91%) Amazon Redshift
15 39 (3.72%) Power BI
16 32 (3.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 29 (2.76%) Apache Hive
18 28 (2.67%) RDBMS
19 27 (2.57%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 211 (20.11%) Jenkins
2 196 (18.68%) Git (software)
3 108 (10.30%) JIRA
4 83 (7.91%) GitLab
5 61 (5.82%) Maven
6 55 (5.24%) SonarQube
7 45 (4.29%) Bitbucket
8 37 (3.53%) Sonatype Nexus
9 36 (3.43%) JUnit
10 33 (3.15%) Cucumber
11 29 (2.76%) Selenium
12 26 (2.48%) Artifactory
13 23 (2.19%) Subversion
13 23 (2.19%) Visual Studio
14 21 (2.00%) RSpec
15 19 (1.81%) Gradle
16 17 (1.62%) Postman
17 14 (1.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 14 (1.33%) Cypress.io
17 14 (1.33%) Mockito
General
1 153 (14.59%) Finance
2 98 (9.34%) Public Sector
3 88 (8.39%) Social Skills
4 48 (4.58%) Banking
5 47 (4.48%) Analytical Skills
6 25 (2.38%) Marketing
7 18 (1.72%) Retail
8 16 (1.53%) Telecoms
9 14 (1.33%) Electronics
9 14 (1.33%) Manufacturing
10 13 (1.24%) Presentation Skills
11 12 (1.14%) Influencing Skills
12 11 (1.05%) Front Office
13 7 (0.67%) Investment Banking
14 5 (0.48%) Games
14 5 (0.48%) Publishing
15 4 (0.38%) Multimedia
16 3 (0.29%) Law
16 3 (0.29%) Legal
17 2 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 493 (47.00%) Developer
2 126 (12.01%) Java Developer
3 104 (9.91%) Architect
4 94 (8.96%) Senior Developer
5 86 (8.20%) Python Developer
6 80 (7.63%) Data Engineer
7 68 (6.48%) Full Stack Developer
8 56 (5.34%) AWS Developer
8 56 (5.34%) Software Engineer
9 47 (4.48%) DevOps Engineer
10 38 (3.62%) Analyst
11 37 (3.53%) Software Developer
11 37 (3.53%) Technical Leader
12 36 (3.43%) AWS Engineer
13 34 (3.24%) Consultant
13 34 (3.24%) DBA
14 33 (3.15%) Data Analyst
14 33 (3.15%) Technical Architect
15 28 (2.67%) React Developer
16 24 (2.29%) SC Cleared Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 174 (16.59%) Node.js
2 170 (16.21%) Spring
3 162 (15.44%) REST
4 141 (13.44%) Spring Boot
5 125 (11.92%) HTML
5 125 (11.92%) Kafka
6 119 (11.34%) React
7 109 (10.39%) CSS
8 97 (9.25%) RESTful
9 91 (8.67%) JSON
10 81 (7.72%) Web Services
11 79 (7.53%) RabbitMQ
12 71 (6.77%) .NET
13 61 (5.82%) AngularJS
14 55 (5.24%) Django
15 48 (4.58%) GraphQL
16 46 (4.39%) Ruby on Rails
17 43 (4.10%) OAuth
18 42 (4.00%) Spring Security
19 40 (3.81%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 53 (5.05%) User Experience
2 42 (4.00%) Data Structures
3 39 (3.72%) Cloud Native
4 23 (2.19%) Clustering
5 20 (1.91%) Greenfield Project
5 20 (1.91%) Linux Command Line
5 20 (1.91%) Public Cloud
6 19 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
7 18 (1.72%) Self-Motivation
8 16 (1.53%) Management Information System
9 15 (1.43%) Replication
10 14 (1.33%) Data Centre
10 14 (1.33%) Mobile App
11 12 (1.14%) Algorithms
11 12 (1.14%) Reference Data
12 10 (0.95%) Derivative
12 10 (0.95%) NHS
13 5 (0.48%) BBC
13 5 (0.48%) Mainframe
13 5 (0.48%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 174 (16.59%) Linux
2 48 (4.58%) Unix
3 41 (3.91%) Windows
4 24 (2.29%) Ubuntu
5 19 (1.81%) CentOS
6 18 (1.72%) Android
6 18 (1.72%) Apple iOS
7 16 (1.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (1.43%) Windows Server
9 14 (1.33%) Mac OS X
10 8 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.76%) Windows Server 2016
11 7 (0.67%) Debian
12 2 (0.19%) Alpine Linux
12 2 (0.19%) Amazon Linux
12 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.095%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.095%) VMS
13 1 (0.095%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 394 (37.56%) Agile Software Development
2 280 (26.69%) Microservices
3 229 (21.83%) DevOps
4 164 (15.63%) TDD
5 163 (15.54%) Software Engineering
6 124 (11.82%) Scrum
6 124 (11.82%) Test Automation
7 112 (10.68%) Analytics
8 103 (9.82%) ETL
9 95 (9.06%) Open Source
10 94 (8.96%) Infrastructure as Code
11 89 (8.48%) Migration
12 75 (7.15%) Business Intelligence
13 74 (7.05%) Continuous Integration
13 74 (7.05%) Data Modelling
14 72 (6.86%) Configuration Management
14 72 (6.86%) Mentoring
15 70 (6.67%) Problem-Solving
16 68 (6.48%) Unit Testing
17 56 (5.34%) Data Pipeline
Programming Languages
1 379 (36.13%) Python
2 377 (35.94%) Java
3 361 (34.41%) SQL
4 294 (28.03%) JavaScript
5 112 (10.68%) TypeScript
6 72 (6.86%) Ruby
7 66 (6.29%) Java 8
8 59 (5.62%) Bash Shell
8 59 (5.62%) Scala
9 54 (5.15%) C#
10 51 (4.86%) Go
11 48 (4.58%) ES6
12 45 (4.29%) PHP
13 38 (3.62%) PL/SQL
14 36 (3.43%) C++
15 35 (3.34%) Shell Script
16 32 (3.05%) Groovy
17 28 (2.67%) C
18 26 (2.48%) T-SQL
19 25 (2.38%) R
Qualifications
1 179 (17.06%) Security Cleared
2 151 (14.39%) SC Cleared
3 33 (3.15%) Degree
4 19 (1.81%) AWS Certification
5 15 (1.43%) DV Cleared
6 14 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (1.14%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.76%) SAS Certification
9 7 (0.67%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.19%) CCIE
10 2 (0.19%) CCNP
10 2 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.19%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.095%) BC Cleared
11 1 (0.095%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.095%) ISEB
11 1 (0.095%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.095%) OCP
11 1 (0.095%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (4.58%) Data Quality
2 29 (2.76%) QA
3 12 (1.14%) GDPR
4 4 (0.38%) HIPAA
4 4 (0.38%) HL7
4 4 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 4 (0.38%) SLA
5 3 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.29%) WCAG
6 2 (0.19%) ISO 9000
6 2 (0.19%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.19%) PMO
7 1 (0.095%) NCSC
System Software
1 311 (29.65%) Docker
2 12 (1.14%) HDFS
3 7 (0.67%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 7 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.57%) Oracle RAC
5 5 (0.48%) OpenAM
5 5 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.38%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.38%) OpenDJ
7 3 (0.29%) GlusterFS
7 3 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.19%) iptables
8 2 (0.19%) KVM
8 2 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.19%) vSphere
9 1 (0.095%) Postfix
9 1 (0.095%) Shibboleth
9 1 (0.095%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 243 (23.16%) Kubernetes
2 141 (13.44%) Terraform
3 93 (8.87%) Ansible
4 73 (6.96%) Grafana
5 31 (2.96%) Kibana
5 31 (2.96%) Prometheus
6 29 (2.76%) Puppet
7 18 (1.72%) Opscode Chef
8 12 (1.14%) Control-M
9 8 (0.76%) Nagios
9 8 (0.76%) Single Sign-On
10 7 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.67%) logstash
10 7 (0.67%) Oozie
10 7 (0.67%) Rancher
11 6 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
11 6 (0.57%) HP NNM
11 6 (0.57%) Istio
11 6 (0.57%) Packer
11 6 (0.57%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 212 (20.21%) Oracle
2 70 (6.67%) Microsoft
3 62 (5.91%) Google
4 33 (3.15%) Informatica
5 32 (3.05%) Red Hat
6 28 (2.67%) Splunk
7 25 (2.38%) Atlassian
8 18 (1.72%) MuleSoft
9 17 (1.62%) SAP
9 17 (1.62%) ServiceNow
10 16 (1.53%) Teradata
11 15 (1.43%) VMware
12 14 (1.33%) Axway
12 14 (1.33%) Databricks
12 14 (1.33%) Sybase
12 14 (1.33%) Veracode
13 13 (1.24%) IBM
14 11 (1.05%) Cloudera
14 11 (1.05%) Sparx
15 10 (0.95%) Talend