Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 142 158 138
Rank change year-on-year +16 -20 +28
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 662 1,377 2,026
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.82% 1.69% 1.96%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.14% 7.84% 8.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 549 976 1,483
Median daily rate £513 £519 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.20% +3.75% -
10th Percentile £325 £363 £363
90th Percentile £713 £675 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 13 10
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +14.29% +4.48%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year -33.33% +50.00% -

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,129 17,570 23,359
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.36% 21.54% 22.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,153 11,841 16,277
Median daily rate £480 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £311 £319 £313
90th Percentile £668 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -1.71% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 175 262 246
Median hourly rate £35.00 £31.75 £31.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.24% +2.42% -0.99%
10th Percentile £14.05 £13.30 £13.85
90th Percentile £55.00 £70.63 £57.41
Median hourly rate £29.00 £30.00 £34.25
% change year-on-year -3.33% -12.41% -2.14%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 547 £500 -4.76% 335
London -21 350 £525 -2.33% 169
Work from Home -26 212 £500 - 91
UK excluding London +37 190 £450 - 197
South East +98 48 £475 +8.57% 47
North of England +56 39 £473 -0.53% 54
South West +76 37 £475 +11.76% 28
Midlands +14 32 £375 -21.05% 24
West Midlands +10 22 £375 -21.05% 14
North West +48 21 £405 -10.00% 28
Scotland +34 18 £450 +5.88% 25
East of England +42 13 £450 -10.00% 12
Yorkshire +48 10 £500 - 21
East Midlands +35 10 £360 -10.00% 10
North East +24 8 £495 -1.00% 5
Wales +33 4 £525 +23.53% 7

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 345 (52.11%) AWS
2 311 (46.98%) Python
3 310 (46.83%) SQL
4 298 (45.02%) Java
5 283 (42.75%) Agile Software Development
6 250 (37.76%) DevOps
7 236 (35.65%) Docker
8 215 (32.48%) Microservices
9 214 (32.33%) SQL Server
10 209 (31.57%) Kubernetes
11 204 (30.82%) MySQL
12 193 (29.15%) Oracle
13 192 (29.00%) Azure
14 182 (27.49%) Jenkins
15 162 (24.47%) Linux
16 149 (22.51%) Security Cleared
17 148 (22.36%) JavaScript
18 147 (22.21%) Finance
19 140 (21.15%) Web Services
20 128 (19.34%) Terraform
21 127 (19.18%) Spring
22 122 (18.43%) SC Cleared
23 115 (17.37%) GitLab
23 115 (17.37%) Serverless
24 112 (16.92%) Software Engineering
25 110 (16.62%) Apache
26 107 (16.16%) Git (software)
27 105 (15.86%) Banking
28 100 (15.11%) TDD
29 99 (14.95%) AWS Lambda

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (16.62%) Apache
2 68 (10.27%) Elasticsearch
3 66 (9.97%) Confluence
4 25 (3.78%) JBoss
5 23 (3.47%) Apache Spark
5 23 (3.47%) Red Hat Fuse
6 22 (3.32%) Tomcat
7 21 (3.17%) MQSeries
7 21 (3.17%) WebLogic
8 18 (2.72%) nginx
9 10 (1.51%) Jetty
9 10 (1.51%) Oracle Self-Service HR
9 10 (1.51%) SharePoint
10 7 (1.06%) IIS
11 6 (0.91%) OpenStack
12 5 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
12 5 (0.76%) Papyrus
12 5 (0.76%) Skype for Business
13 4 (0.60%) BizTalk Server
13 4 (0.60%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 21 (3.17%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 15 (2.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.45%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.15%) Magento
3 1 (0.15%) Maximo
3 1 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 345 (52.11%) AWS
2 192 (29.00%) Azure
3 115 (17.37%) Serverless
4 99 (14.95%) AWS Lambda
5 94 (14.20%) GCP
6 92 (13.90%) Amazon ECS
7 57 (8.61%) Apigee
8 51 (7.70%) GitHub
9 47 (7.10%) Amazon EC2
10 44 (6.65%) Amazon S3
11 33 (4.98%) OpenShift
12 31 (4.68%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 30 (4.53%) AWS CloudFormation
14 28 (4.23%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 23 (3.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 21 (3.17%) Amazon EKS
17 20 (3.02%) Power Platform
18 18 (2.72%) Amazon Kinesis
19 17 (2.57%) Amazon SQS
20 15 (2.27%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 20 (3.02%) DNS
2 14 (2.11%) HTTP
3 12 (1.81%) SSH
4 8 (1.21%) Kerberos
5 6 (0.91%) DHCP
5 6 (0.91%) Network Security
5 6 (0.91%) SSL
6 5 (0.76%) SAN
6 5 (0.76%) Skype
6 5 (0.76%) VPN
7 4 (0.60%) Firewall
8 3 (0.45%) Internet
8 3 (0.45%) OpenVPN
8 3 (0.45%) TCP/IP
8 3 (0.45%) WAN
9 2 (0.30%) Broadband
9 2 (0.30%) LAN
9 2 (0.30%) SMTP
9 2 (0.30%) VSAN
9 2 (0.30%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 214 (32.33%) SQL Server
2 204 (30.82%) MySQL
3 81 (12.24%) MongoDB
4 73 (11.03%) Amazon RDS
5 68 (10.27%) Amazon Redshift
6 67 (10.12%) NoSQL
7 64 (9.67%) Relational Database
8 46 (6.95%) Data Warehouse
9 42 (6.34%) Oracle Database
10 40 (6.04%) Amazon Aurora
11 36 (5.44%) Redis
12 31 (4.68%) Hadoop
13 28 (4.23%) RDBMS
14 25 (3.78%) Big Data
15 22 (3.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 20 (3.02%) Power BI
17 18 (2.72%) MariaDB
18 16 (2.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 13 (1.96%) Pentaho
19 13 (1.96%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 182 (27.49%) Jenkins
2 115 (17.37%) GitLab
3 107 (16.16%) Git (software)
4 82 (12.39%) JIRA
5 69 (10.42%) Artifactory
6 40 (6.04%) Maven
7 37 (5.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 33 (4.98%) Bitbucket
9 31 (4.68%) Vagrant
10 30 (4.53%) FishEye
11 27 (4.08%) Cucumber
12 25 (3.78%) Selenium
13 24 (3.63%) Subversion
14 22 (3.32%) SonarQube
15 20 (3.02%) ScriptRunner
16 19 (2.87%) Gradle
17 15 (2.27%) Eclipse
17 15 (2.27%) IntelliJ
17 15 (2.27%) JUnit
18 12 (1.81%) Hudson
General
1 147 (22.21%) Finance
2 105 (15.86%) Banking
3 73 (11.03%) Public Sector
4 27 (4.08%) Back Office
5 14 (2.11%) Telecoms
6 12 (1.81%) Electronics
7 11 (1.66%) Marketing
8 7 (1.06%) Manufacturing
9 6 (0.91%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.76%) Retail
11 3 (0.45%) French Language
11 3 (0.45%) Front Office
11 3 (0.45%) Games
11 3 (0.45%) Law
11 3 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.45%) Police
12 2 (0.30%) Aerospace
12 2 (0.30%) Military
12 2 (0.30%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.15%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 317 (47.89%) Developer
2 122 (18.43%) Java Developer
3 83 (12.54%) Architect
4 72 (10.88%) AWS Engineer
5 69 (10.42%) AWS Developer
5 69 (10.42%) Software Engineer
6 58 (8.76%) Java Engineer
7 55 (8.31%) Java Software Engineer
8 54 (8.16%) Python Developer
9 52 (7.85%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 52 (7.85%) Java Software Developer
10 51 (7.70%) AWS Software Engineer
11 46 (6.95%) SQL Developer
12 44 (6.65%) Solutions Architect
13 37 (5.59%) DevOps Engineer
13 37 (5.59%) Full Stack Developer
14 35 (5.29%) DBA
15 31 (4.68%) Data Architect
16 29 (4.38%) Senior Developer
17 26 (3.93%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 140 (21.15%) Web Services
2 127 (19.18%) Spring
3 92 (13.90%) Node.js
4 90 (13.60%) JSON
5 82 (12.39%) REST
6 80 (12.08%) Spring Boot
7 77 (11.63%) React
7 77 (11.63%) RESTful
8 76 (11.48%) gRPC
9 74 (11.18%) OAuth
10 73 (11.03%) Swagger
11 72 (10.88%) HTML
12 67 (10.12%) Kafka
13 62 (9.37%) AngularJS
14 56 (8.46%) CSS
15 53 (8.01%) RabbitMQ
16 44 (6.65%) Hibernate
17 43 (6.50%) Django
18 42 (6.34%) .NET
19 38 (5.74%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 62 (9.37%) Hedge funds
2 40 (6.04%) Greenfield Project
3 39 (5.89%) User Experience
4 28 (4.23%) Linux Command Line
5 17 (2.57%) Enterprise Software
6 16 (2.42%) Clustering
7 15 (2.27%) Cloud Native
8 14 (2.11%) Derivative
8 14 (2.11%) Pricing Data
8 14 (2.11%) Replication
9 12 (1.81%) Analytical Skills
9 12 (1.81%) Data Structures
9 12 (1.81%) PKI
10 10 (1.51%) Algorithms
10 10 (1.51%) Reference Data
11 8 (1.21%) Data Centre
12 6 (0.91%) NHS
13 5 (0.76%) Hybrid Cloud
13 5 (0.76%) Private Cloud
13 5 (0.76%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 162 (24.47%) Linux
2 46 (6.95%) Windows
3 38 (5.74%) Unix
4 33 (4.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 19 (2.87%) Ubuntu
6 17 (2.57%) Mac OS X
7 16 (2.42%) CentOS
8 12 (1.81%) Android
8 12 (1.81%) Apple iOS
9 10 (1.51%) Debian
9 10 (1.51%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.60%) Amazon Linux
11 3 (0.45%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.30%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.15%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.15%) OpenVMS
13 1 (0.15%) Solaris
13 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 283 (42.75%) Agile Software Development
2 250 (37.76%) DevOps
3 215 (32.48%) Microservices
4 112 (16.92%) Software Engineering
5 100 (15.11%) TDD
6 90 (13.60%) Asset Management
7 81 (12.24%) Scrum
8 67 (10.12%) Test Automation
9 63 (9.52%) Investment Management
10 57 (8.61%) BDD
10 57 (8.61%) Configuration Management
11 56 (8.46%) Migration
12 54 (8.16%) Continuous Delivery
13 53 (8.01%) Open Source
14 49 (7.40%) Continuous Integration
14 49 (7.40%) Mentoring
15 43 (6.50%) ETL
15 43 (6.50%) Infrastructure as Code
16 42 (6.34%) Business Intelligence
16 42 (6.34%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 311 (46.98%) Python
2 310 (46.83%) SQL
3 298 (45.02%) Java
4 148 (22.36%) JavaScript
5 63 (9.52%) Bash Shell
6 49 (7.40%) Ruby
7 42 (6.34%) C#
7 42 (6.34%) Scala
8 38 (5.74%) PL/SQL
8 38 (5.74%) TypeScript
9 37 (5.59%) Go
10 33 (4.98%) Java 8
11 32 (4.83%) C++
11 32 (4.83%) T-SQL
12 29 (4.38%) Shell Script
13 23 (3.47%) Clojure
13 23 (3.47%) PowerShell
14 20 (3.02%) Perl
15 19 (2.87%) PHP
16 17 (2.57%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 149 (22.51%) Security Cleared
2 122 (18.43%) SC Cleared
3 36 (5.44%) Degree
4 24 (3.63%) DV Cleared
5 20 (3.02%) Sun Certification
6 17 (2.57%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (1.66%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (1.36%) Master's Degree
9 7 (1.06%) AWS Certification
10 6 (0.91%) Microsoft Certification
11 5 (0.76%) MCSE
12 4 (0.60%) MCSA
13 3 (0.45%) CCNA
13 3 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
14 2 (0.30%) DBS Check
15 1 (0.15%) CCNP
15 1 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 1 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
15 1 (0.15%) RHCE
15 1 (0.15%) RHCT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (3.17%) Data Quality
2 19 (2.87%) QA
3 8 (1.21%) GDPR
4 3 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.45%) NCSC
5 2 (0.30%) WCAG
6 1 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.15%) HL7
6 1 (0.15%) PMO
6 1 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.15%) SLA
System Software
1 236 (35.65%) Docker
2 19 (2.87%) GlusterFS
3 15 (2.27%) Active Directory
4 7 (1.06%) Oracle RAC
4 7 (1.06%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.91%) Postfix
6 3 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.45%) HDFS
6 3 (0.45%) vSphere
7 2 (0.30%) PowerDNS
7 2 (0.30%) vCloud
7 2 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.30%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.30%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.15%) GPFS
8 1 (0.15%) iptables
8 1 (0.15%) RHEV
8 1 (0.15%) Sendmail
8 1 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 209 (31.57%) Kubernetes
2 128 (19.34%) Terraform
3 87 (13.14%) Ansible
4 49 (7.40%) Grafana
5 46 (6.95%) Puppet
6 33 (4.98%) Prometheus
7 27 (4.08%) Single Sign-On
8 25 (3.78%) Kibana
9 21 (3.17%) Opscode Chef
10 13 (1.96%) Packer
11 11 (1.66%) Salt
12 7 (1.06%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 7 (1.06%) HAProxy
13 6 (0.91%) PingFederate
14 4 (0.60%) Control-M
14 4 (0.60%) Foglight
14 4 (0.60%) Istio
14 4 (0.60%) logstash
14 4 (0.60%) Nagios
14 4 (0.60%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 193 (29.15%) Oracle
2 86 (12.99%) Google
3 57 (8.61%) Microsoft
4 40 (6.04%) Red Hat
5 39 (5.89%) Sybase
6 30 (4.53%) MuleSoft
7 27 (4.08%) Atlassian
8 23 (3.47%) Axway
9 19 (2.87%) Sparx
10 18 (2.72%) Adobe
11 16 (2.42%) Cloudera
11 16 (2.42%) IBM
12 15 (2.27%) Informatica
13 14 (2.11%) Splunk
14 12 (1.81%) Hortonworks
14 12 (1.81%) SAP
15 9 (1.36%) VMware
16 8 (1.21%) MicroStrategy
17 7 (1.06%) SaltStack
18 6 (0.91%) Databricks