Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 138 163 155
Rank change year-on-year +25 -8 -1
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 881 1,104 1,764
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.83% 1.66% 1.80%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.63% 7.77% 7.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 912 806 1,268
Median daily rate £500 £516 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.10% +3.20% -
10th Percentile £350 £363 £369
90th Percentile £650 £689 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £463 £475
% change year-on-year -0.54% -2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 10
Median hourly rate £33.32 £36.25 £43.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.08% -16.18% -0.57%
10th Percentile £19.19 £24.13 £26.65
90th Percentile £51.20 £47.38 £48.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.32 £22.50 £43.25
% change year-on-year +48.09% -47.98% -7.37%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 10,209 14,200 22,169
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.24% 21.35% 22.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,983 9,649 15,460
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +2.70%
10th Percentile £313 £319 £320
90th Percentile £654 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £426 £440 £425
% change year-on-year -3.13% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 180 197 234
Median hourly rate £26.00 £25.60 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.58% -8.59% -13.85%
10th Percentile £13.61 £13.65 £12.70
90th Percentile £60.03 £60.10 £55.70
Median hourly rate £23.49 £22.77 £30.00
% change year-on-year +3.13% -24.09% -20.00%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the UK over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 668 £500 -4.76% 479
London -40 382 £525 -4.55% 253
Work from Home -15 346 £513 -2.38% 129
UK excluding London +65 285 £460 -0.54% 236
South West +69 66 £475 +5.56% 40
South East +55 63 £450 - 58
Scotland +48 55 £450 - 9
North of England +56 51 £500 +3.90% 70
Midlands -12 35 £400 -15.79% 40
Yorkshire +62 27 £519 +29.69% 21
West Midlands -18 24 £400 -17.95% 28
North West +26 21 £495 +1.54% 40
East of England +37 12 £450 +5.88% 16
East Midlands +25 11 £320 -20.00% 12
Wales +1 4 £450 -11.33% 3
North East +11 3 £450 -10.00% 9

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 423 (48.01%) AWS
2 341 (38.71%) Agile Software Development
3 338 (38.37%) SQL
4 333 (37.80%) Python
5 311 (35.30%) Java
6 276 (31.33%) Docker
7 230 (26.11%) DevOps
8 216 (24.52%) Kubernetes
9 215 (24.40%) Azure
10 213 (24.18%) JavaScript
11 212 (24.06%) Microservices
12 197 (22.36%) Jenkins
13 186 (21.11%) Security Cleared
14 182 (20.66%) SQL Server
15 178 (20.20%) MySQL
15 178 (20.20%) Oracle
16 176 (19.98%) Linux
17 155 (17.59%) SC Cleared
18 152 (17.25%) Git (software)
19 146 (16.57%) Terraform
20 141 (16.00%) Finance
21 133 (15.10%) Spring
21 133 (15.10%) Node.js
22 121 (13.73%) Serverless
23 119 (13.51%) Kafka
24 118 (13.39%) REST
25 116 (13.17%) React
26 115 (13.05%) TDD
27 114 (12.94%) Software Engineering
28 108 (12.26%) Amazon S3

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (9.99%) Elasticsearch
2 86 (9.76%) Apache
3 70 (7.95%) Confluence
4 43 (4.88%) Apache Spark
5 28 (3.18%) JBoss
6 20 (2.27%) nginx
7 19 (2.16%) Apache Airflow
8 18 (2.04%) Tomcat
9 15 (1.70%) MQSeries
9 15 (1.70%) Red Hat Fuse
9 15 (1.70%) WebLogic
10 14 (1.59%) Camunda
11 9 (1.02%) GeoServer
12 7 (0.79%) ArcGIS
12 7 (0.79%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.68%) Jetty
13 6 (0.68%) OpenStack
14 5 (0.57%) Cloud Foundry
14 5 (0.57%) Oracle Self-Service HR
14 5 (0.57%) WordPress
Applications
1 21 (2.38%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (1.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.23%) Adobe Campaign
3 2 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.11%) Magento
4 1 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 423 (48.01%) AWS
2 215 (24.40%) Azure
3 121 (13.73%) Serverless
4 108 (12.26%) Amazon S3
5 103 (11.69%) AWS Lambda
6 57 (6.47%) GCP
7 55 (6.24%) Amazon ECS
7 55 (6.24%) AWS CloudFormation
8 54 (6.13%) GitHub
9 43 (4.88%) OpenShift
10 41 (4.65%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 39 (4.43%) Power Platform
12 36 (4.09%) Amazon EC2
13 34 (3.86%) Amazon SQS
14 28 (3.18%) PaaS
15 24 (2.72%) Amazon Kinesis
15 24 (2.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 20 (2.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 20 (2.27%) Apigee
17 17 (1.93%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.38%) DNS
2 15 (1.70%) HTTP
3 13 (1.48%) TCP/IP
4 9 (1.02%) Internet
5 8 (0.91%) Network Security
5 8 (0.91%) SMTP
6 7 (0.79%) IPv4
6 7 (0.79%) IPv6
6 7 (0.79%) SSH
7 6 (0.68%) Firewall
7 6 (0.68%) iSCSI
8 4 (0.45%) SAN
9 3 (0.34%) DHCP
9 3 (0.34%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.34%) LAN
9 3 (0.34%) Skype
9 3 (0.34%) SSL
9 3 (0.34%) VPN
9 3 (0.34%) WAN
9 3 (0.34%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 182 (20.66%) SQL Server
2 178 (20.20%) MySQL
3 100 (11.35%) MongoDB
4 96 (10.90%) NoSQL
5 90 (10.22%) Relational Database
6 83 (9.42%) Amazon RDS
7 64 (7.26%) Data Warehouse
8 61 (6.92%) Redis
9 55 (6.24%) Amazon Aurora
10 52 (5.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 49 (5.56%) Oracle Database
12 47 (5.33%) Hadoop
13 42 (4.77%) Amazon Redshift
14 33 (3.75%) Big Data
15 29 (3.29%) Apache Cassandra
15 29 (3.29%) Power BI
15 29 (3.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 22 (2.50%) QlikView
17 21 (2.38%) Apache Hive
17 21 (2.38%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 197 (22.36%) Jenkins
2 152 (17.25%) Git (software)
3 100 (11.35%) JIRA
4 82 (9.31%) GitLab
5 45 (5.11%) Bitbucket
6 43 (4.88%) Maven
7 39 (4.43%) Artifactory
7 39 (4.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 36 (4.09%) SonarQube
9 32 (3.63%) Selenium
10 31 (3.52%) FishEye
11 28 (3.18%) Vagrant
12 27 (3.06%) Sonatype Nexus
13 26 (2.95%) Cucumber
14 24 (2.72%) ScriptRunner
15 23 (2.61%) JUnit
16 20 (2.27%) Subversion
17 17 (1.93%) Eclipse
17 17 (1.93%) Gradle
17 17 (1.93%) IntelliJ
General
1 141 (16.00%) Finance
2 90 (10.22%) Public Sector
3 47 (5.33%) Banking
4 19 (2.16%) Telecoms
5 18 (2.04%) Marketing
6 13 (1.48%) Electronics
6 13 (1.48%) Manufacturing
7 12 (1.36%) Front Office
8 10 (1.14%) Retail
9 8 (0.91%) Back Office
10 4 (0.45%) Games
11 3 (0.34%) Publishing
12 2 (0.23%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.23%) Legal
13 1 (0.11%) Automotive
13 1 (0.11%) French Language
13 1 (0.11%) German Language
13 1 (0.11%) International Banking
13 1 (0.11%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 425 (48.24%) Developer
2 120 (13.62%) Java Developer
3 94 (10.67%) Architect
4 76 (8.63%) Senior Developer
5 73 (8.29%) Python Developer
6 58 (6.58%) Full Stack Developer
7 56 (6.36%) AWS Developer
8 55 (6.24%) Data Engineer
9 49 (5.56%) Software Engineer
10 39 (4.43%) AWS Engineer
11 38 (4.31%) DevOps Engineer
12 37 (4.20%) DBA
13 31 (3.52%) Analyst
14 30 (3.41%) Software Developer
15 28 (3.18%) Solutions Architect
16 27 (3.06%) Data Analyst
16 27 (3.06%) React Developer
17 26 (2.95%) Technical Architect
18 25 (2.84%) Senior Java Developer
18 25 (2.84%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 133 (15.10%) Node.js
1 133 (15.10%) Spring
2 119 (13.51%) Kafka
3 118 (13.39%) REST
4 116 (13.17%) React
5 105 (11.92%) JSON
5 105 (11.92%) Spring Boot
6 103 (11.69%) Web Services
7 97 (11.01%) HTML
8 93 (10.56%) RESTful
9 80 (9.08%) CSS
10 69 (7.83%) RabbitMQ
11 61 (6.92%) .NET
12 52 (5.90%) AngularJS
13 43 (4.88%) OAuth
14 40 (4.54%) Redux
15 39 (4.43%) Elastic Stack
15 39 (4.43%) XML
16 37 (4.20%) Django
17 36 (4.09%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 40 (4.54%) Analytical Skills
2 38 (4.31%) User Experience
3 33 (3.75%) Cloud Native
4 28 (3.18%) Greenfield Project
5 27 (3.06%) Data Structures
6 24 (2.72%) Linux Command Line
7 23 (2.61%) Clustering
8 18 (2.04%) Hedge funds
9 17 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
9 17 (1.93%) Reference Data
10 16 (1.82%) Replication
11 14 (1.59%) Algorithms
12 13 (1.48%) Mobile App
13 11 (1.25%) Public Cloud
13 11 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
14 9 (1.02%) Derivative
15 7 (0.79%) Data Centre
15 7 (0.79%) Management Information System
15 7 (0.79%) NHS
16 5 (0.57%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 176 (19.98%) Linux
2 39 (4.43%) Windows
3 35 (3.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 30 (3.41%) Unix
5 22 (2.50%) CentOS
6 18 (2.04%) Apple iOS
6 18 (2.04%) Ubuntu
7 17 (1.93%) Android
8 15 (1.70%) Windows Server
9 12 (1.36%) Mac OS X
10 8 (0.91%) Windows Server 2012
11 7 (0.79%) Debian
11 7 (0.79%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (0.68%) Amazon Linux
13 2 (0.23%) Windows Server 2019
14 1 (0.11%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.11%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.11%) Solaris
14 1 (0.11%) VMS
14 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 341 (38.71%) Agile Software Development
2 230 (26.11%) DevOps
3 212 (24.06%) Microservices
4 115 (13.05%) TDD
5 114 (12.94%) Software Engineering
6 91 (10.33%) Test Automation
7 84 (9.53%) Migration
7 84 (9.53%) Scrum
8 79 (8.97%) ETL
9 71 (8.06%) Configuration Management
10 69 (7.83%) Business Intelligence
10 69 (7.83%) Open Source
11 67 (7.60%) Continuous Integration
12 64 (7.26%) Data Modelling
13 57 (6.47%) Unit Testing
14 51 (5.79%) Analytics
15 50 (5.68%) BDD
15 50 (5.68%) Infrastructure as Code
16 48 (5.45%) Mentoring
17 46 (5.22%) Data Integration
Programming Languages
1 338 (38.37%) SQL
2 333 (37.80%) Python
3 311 (35.30%) Java
4 213 (24.18%) JavaScript
5 67 (7.60%) Ruby
6 62 (7.04%) Java 8
7 60 (6.81%) TypeScript
8 54 (6.13%) Bash Shell
9 45 (5.11%) PL/SQL
10 44 (4.99%) C#
11 41 (4.65%) Go
12 38 (4.31%) Scala
13 33 (3.75%) T-SQL
14 31 (3.52%) ES6
14 31 (3.52%) PHP
15 28 (3.18%) C++
16 22 (2.50%) R
17 21 (2.38%) C
18 19 (2.16%) Shell Script
19 15 (1.70%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 186 (21.11%) Security Cleared
2 155 (17.59%) SC Cleared
3 31 (3.52%) Degree
4 18 (2.04%) DV Cleared
5 17 (1.93%) AWS Certification
6 14 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
7 13 (1.48%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.68%) Sun Certification
9 4 (0.45%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.34%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.23%) MCSE
11 2 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.11%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.11%) CCNA
12 1 (0.11%) CCNP
12 1 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.11%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 1 (0.11%) MCSA
12 1 (0.11%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (5.33%) Data Quality
2 19 (2.16%) QA
3 10 (1.14%) GDPR
4 5 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.45%) WCAG
6 2 (0.23%) HL7
6 2 (0.23%) NCSC
6 2 (0.23%) PMO
7 1 (0.11%) ISO 9000
7 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 276 (31.33%) Docker
2 22 (2.50%) GlusterFS
3 12 (1.36%) HDFS
4 11 (1.25%) Oracle RAC
5 9 (1.02%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 7 (0.79%) Active Directory
7 6 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
8 4 (0.45%) OpenAM
8 4 (0.45%) OpenDJ
9 3 (0.34%) iptables
10 2 (0.23%) KVM
10 2 (0.23%) Postfix
10 2 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.11%) Firmware
11 1 (0.11%) NFS
11 1 (0.11%) Samba
11 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.11%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 216 (24.52%) Kubernetes
2 146 (16.57%) Terraform
3 108 (12.26%) Ansible
4 54 (6.13%) Grafana
5 40 (4.54%) Prometheus
6 37 (4.20%) Puppet
7 28 (3.18%) Single Sign-On
8 21 (2.38%) Opscode Chef
9 18 (2.04%) Kibana
10 10 (1.14%) Control-M
11 9 (1.02%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 9 (1.02%) Oozie
12 8 (0.91%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.68%) logstash
13 6 (0.68%) Oracle RMAN
13 6 (0.68%) Packer
13 6 (0.68%) Red Hat Satellite
13 6 (0.68%) Salt
14 5 (0.57%) ZABBIX
15 4 (0.45%) Foglight
Vendors
1 178 (20.20%) Oracle
2 66 (7.49%) Google
3 64 (7.26%) Microsoft
4 45 (5.11%) Red Hat
5 39 (4.43%) Atlassian
6 28 (3.18%) Informatica
7 23 (2.61%) MuleSoft
8 19 (2.16%) Adobe
9 18 (2.04%) Splunk
10 17 (1.93%) Sparx
11 16 (1.82%) Sybase
12 15 (1.70%) Axway
12 15 (1.70%) SAP
13 14 (1.59%) Cloudera
13 14 (1.59%) VMware
14 12 (1.36%) ServiceNow
15 10 (1.14%) Talend
16 9 (1.02%) Dynatrace
16 9 (1.02%) IBM
17 8 (0.91%) Apple