Period
to 14 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 14 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 163 138 169
Rank change year-on-year -25 +31 +17
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,420 1,988 1,558
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.66% 1.95% 1.58%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 7.69% 8.62% 7.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 964 1,416 1,092
UK median daily rate £516 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.25% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £363
90th Percentile £675 £623 £637
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £440 £450
% change year-on-year +5.11% -2.22% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 8 4
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £35.00 £33.49
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +4.50% +123.28%
10th Percentile £25.00 £32.45 £21.59
90th Percentile £57.50 £49.40 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +50.00% -17.65% +183.33%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 18,461 23,062 21,865
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.61% 22.56% 22.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,604 16,110 14,701
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 251 226 281
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £31.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.90% +3.33% +5.26%
10th Percentile £12.63 £12.61 £13.63
90th Percentile £60.00 £56.68 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 £32.00 £32.00

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the UK over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 1,355 £525 +5.00% 523
London +10 902 £525 - 282
UK excluding London -64 508 £463 +5.11% 267
South East -12 144 £425 -0.58% 81
North of England -89 98 £475 - 66
Midlands +44 95 £475 +7.95% 21
West Midlands +29 73 £475 +7.10% 10
South West -37 62 £450 +5.88% 27
East of England +9 52 £500 -9.09% 46
Scotland +2 52 £425 +1.49% 20
North West -75 47 £463 -7.50% 41
Yorkshire -17 35 £450 -7.93% 17
East Midlands +31 22 £400 -4.48% 11
North East -23 16 £505 +26.25% 8
Wales -6 5 £350 -20.00% 6
Northern Ireland +3 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 652 (45.92%) Agile Software Development
2 556 (39.15%) SQL
3 546 (38.45%) Java
4 545 (38.38%) Python
5 508 (35.77%) AWS
6 423 (29.79%) Docker
7 402 (28.31%) MySQL
8 353 (24.86%) DevOps
9 311 (21.90%) Linux
10 305 (21.48%) Git (software)
11 304 (21.41%) Microservices
12 295 (20.77%) TDD
13 276 (19.44%) JavaScript
14 267 (18.80%) MongoDB
15 264 (18.59%) Kubernetes
16 260 (18.31%) Oracle
17 252 (17.75%) Jenkins
18 251 (17.68%) Security Cleared
19 248 (17.46%) NoSQL
20 238 (16.76%) Relational Database
21 234 (16.48%) Azure
22 231 (16.27%) REST
23 229 (16.13%) Scrum
24 226 (15.92%) Web Services
25 222 (15.63%) Continuous Integration
26 218 (15.35%) Spring
27 217 (15.28%) SQL Server
28 192 (13.52%) SC Cleared
29 183 (12.89%) Node.js
30 179 (12.61%) Software Engineering

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 170 (11.97%) Elasticsearch
2 128 (9.01%) Apache Spark
3 84 (5.92%) Apache
3 84 (5.92%) Confluence
4 64 (4.51%) Tomcat
5 39 (2.75%) nginx
6 32 (2.25%) GeoServer
7 27 (1.90%) JBoss
8 23 (1.62%) Apache Airflow
9 22 (1.55%) OpenStack
9 22 (1.55%) SAS
10 19 (1.34%) ArcGIS
11 16 (1.13%) Drupal
12 13 (0.92%) Luigi
13 12 (0.85%) Apache Solr
13 12 (0.85%) Jupyter
14 10 (0.70%) SharePoint
14 10 (0.70%) WebLogic
15 8 (0.56%) CMS
15 8 (0.56%) IIS
Applications
1 12 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.14%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.14%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 18 (1.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 12 (0.85%) FINCAD Analytics
3 8 (0.56%) PolarLake
3 8 (0.56%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 6 (0.42%) Markit EDM
5 4 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.070%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.070%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.070%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 508 (35.77%) AWS
2 234 (16.48%) Azure
3 145 (10.21%) GCP
4 105 (7.39%) Amazon S3
5 79 (5.56%) Amazon SQS
6 74 (5.21%) Serverless
7 65 (4.58%) AWS Lambda
8 64 (4.51%) Amazon EC2
9 59 (4.15%) GitHub
10 52 (3.66%) Cloud Computing
11 32 (2.25%) Heroku
12 28 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
13 27 (1.90%) PaaS
14 24 (1.69%) Power Platform
15 23 (1.62%) Amazon EMR
16 20 (1.41%) Amazon Kinesis
17 19 (1.34%) Amazon ECS
18 18 (1.27%) Amazon EKS
18 18 (1.27%) SaaS
19 16 (1.13%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 55 (3.87%) HTTP
2 38 (2.68%) TCP/IP
3 28 (1.97%) SSL
4 24 (1.69%) DNS
5 22 (1.55%) FTP
6 19 (1.34%) AMQP
7 18 (1.27%) SSH
8 13 (0.92%) Internet
9 10 (0.70%) DHCP
10 8 (0.56%) OpenLDAP
11 7 (0.49%) Firewall
11 7 (0.49%) Kerberos
11 7 (0.49%) Skype
12 6 (0.42%) VPN
13 5 (0.35%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.35%) SMTP
13 5 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
14 4 (0.28%) IMAP
14 4 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
14 4 (0.28%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 402 (28.31%) MySQL
2 267 (18.80%) MongoDB
3 248 (17.46%) NoSQL
4 238 (16.76%) Relational Database
5 217 (15.28%) SQL Server
6 122 (8.59%) Hadoop
7 113 (7.96%) RDBMS
8 110 (7.75%) Big Data
9 86 (6.06%) Oracle Database
10 85 (5.99%) Amazon Redshift
11 77 (5.42%) Amazon Aurora
12 72 (5.07%) Apache Cassandra
13 71 (5.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 71 (5.00%) Apache Hive
14 68 (4.79%) Amazon RDS
15 67 (4.72%) Data Warehouse
16 53 (3.73%) Redis
17 42 (2.96%) DB2
18 40 (2.82%) BigQuery
19 35 (2.46%) HBase
Development Applications
1 305 (21.48%) Git (software)
2 252 (17.75%) Jenkins
3 132 (9.30%) JIRA
4 106 (7.46%) Maven
5 89 (6.27%) JUnit
6 77 (5.42%) Mockito
7 65 (4.58%) Cucumber
8 59 (4.15%) Selenium
9 45 (3.17%) Subversion
10 44 (3.10%) SonarQube
11 41 (2.89%) GitLab
11 41 (2.89%) Sonatype Nexus
12 36 (2.54%) Bitbucket
13 31 (2.18%) DbUnit
13 31 (2.18%) jMock
14 30 (2.11%) Gradle
15 26 (1.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 21 (1.48%) NUnit
17 19 (1.34%) SpecFlow
18 17 (1.20%) Vagrant
General
1 170 (11.97%) Finance
2 126 (8.87%) Public Sector
3 89 (6.27%) Banking
4 43 (3.03%) Front Office
4 43 (3.03%) Marketing
5 34 (2.39%) Retail
6 24 (1.69%) Legal
7 20 (1.41%) Games
7 20 (1.41%) Investment Banking
8 12 (0.85%) Telecoms
9 11 (0.77%) Electronics
10 9 (0.63%) Law
10 9 (0.63%) Manufacturing
11 7 (0.49%) Advertising
11 7 (0.49%) Publishing
12 4 (0.28%) Back Office
12 4 (0.28%) Financial Institution
12 4 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.14%) Automotive
14 1 (0.070%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 794 (55.92%) Developer
2 254 (17.89%) Java Developer
3 160 (11.27%) Python Developer
4 118 (8.31%) Senior Developer
5 103 (7.25%) Data Engineer
6 94 (6.62%) DBA
7 87 (6.13%) DevOps Engineer
8 79 (5.56%) Architect
9 76 (5.35%) AWS Engineer
10 66 (4.65%) Python Engineer
10 66 (4.65%) Software Engineer
11 60 (4.23%) AWS Developer
12 50 (3.52%) Backend Developer
13 46 (3.24%) Java Engineer
14 45 (3.17%) Ruby Developer
15 44 (3.10%) Oracle DBA
16 39 (2.75%) Senior Python Developer
17 38 (2.68%) C# Developer
17 38 (2.68%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 38 (2.68%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 231 (16.27%) REST
2 226 (15.92%) Web Services
3 218 (15.35%) Spring
4 183 (12.89%) Node.js
5 157 (11.06%) HTML
6 153 (10.77%) Kafka
7 147 (10.35%) CSS
8 129 (9.08%) RESTful
9 119 (8.38%) JSON
10 115 (8.10%) AngularJS
11 106 (7.46%) SOAP
12 99 (6.97%) React
13 93 (6.55%) Django
14 92 (6.48%) XML
15 82 (5.77%) Hibernate
16 81 (5.70%) J2EE
17 76 (5.35%) Spring Boot
18 70 (4.93%) .NET
19 69 (4.86%) RabbitMQ
20 64 (4.51%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 74 (5.21%) Analytical Skills
2 56 (3.94%) Algorithms
3 53 (3.73%) Greenfield Project
4 47 (3.31%) Derivative
5 46 (3.24%) User Experience
6 35 (2.46%) Clustering
7 33 (2.32%) Data Structures
8 32 (2.25%) Replication
9 27 (1.90%) Public Cloud
9 27 (1.90%) Self-Motivation
10 22 (1.55%) Fixed Income
10 22 (1.55%) Pricing Data
11 18 (1.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 18 (1.27%) Mobile App
12 17 (1.20%) Equity Derivative
12 17 (1.20%) Management Information System
13 15 (1.06%) Hedge funds
14 13 (0.92%) Cloud Native
14 13 (0.92%) PKI
15 12 (0.85%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 311 (21.90%) Linux
2 90 (6.34%) Windows
3 80 (5.63%) Unix
4 53 (3.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 40 (2.82%) CentOS
6 35 (2.46%) Windows Server
7 24 (1.69%) Ubuntu
8 17 (1.20%) Android
8 17 (1.20%) Apple iOS
9 12 (0.85%) Debian
9 12 (0.85%) Mac OS X
10 9 (0.63%) Mac OS
11 5 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.28%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.28%) Windows 7
13 3 (0.21%) AIX
13 3 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
14 2 (0.14%) CoreOS
14 2 (0.14%) SUSE
15 1 (0.070%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 652 (45.92%) Agile Software Development
2 353 (24.86%) DevOps
3 304 (21.41%) Microservices
4 295 (20.77%) TDD
5 229 (16.13%) Scrum
6 222 (15.63%) Continuous Integration
7 179 (12.61%) Software Engineering
8 173 (12.18%) BDD
9 165 (11.62%) Open Source
10 152 (10.70%) Data Science
11 130 (9.15%) Analytics
12 125 (8.80%) ETL
13 113 (7.96%) Test Automation
14 101 (7.11%) Data Modelling
14 101 (7.11%) Front End Development
14 101 (7.11%) Kanban
15 100 (7.04%) Migration
16 92 (6.48%) Problem-Solving
17 91 (6.41%) Machine Learning
18 88 (6.20%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 556 (39.15%) SQL
2 546 (38.45%) Java
3 545 (38.38%) Python
4 276 (19.44%) JavaScript
5 152 (10.70%) Ruby
6 130 (9.15%) Java 8
7 112 (7.89%) Scala
8 94 (6.62%) C#
9 70 (4.93%) Shell Script
10 65 (4.58%) Bash Shell
11 63 (4.44%) PL/SQL
12 59 (4.15%) PHP
13 57 (4.01%) C++
13 57 (4.01%) PowerShell
14 52 (3.66%) TypeScript
15 49 (3.45%) Perl
16 47 (3.31%) R
17 38 (2.68%) Go
18 28 (1.97%) ES6
18 28 (1.97%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 251 (17.68%) Security Cleared
2 192 (13.52%) SC Cleared
3 38 (2.68%) Degree
4 24 (1.69%) DV Cleared
5 21 (1.48%) Computer Science Degree
6 16 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (0.77%) PhD
8 9 (0.63%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.42%) DBS Check
10 5 (0.35%) CHECK Team Member
11 4 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
12 3 (0.21%) AWS Certification
13 2 (0.14%) ISEB
13 2 (0.14%) ISTQB
14 1 (0.070%) MCSA
14 1 (0.070%) Microsoft Certification
14 1 (0.070%) OCP
14 1 (0.070%) Oracle Certification
14 1 (0.070%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (1.97%) QA
2 17 (1.20%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.63%) PCI DSS
4 5 (0.35%) GDPR
5 3 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.070%) PMO
System Software
1 423 (29.79%) Docker
2 28 (1.97%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (1.83%) Oracle RAC
4 24 (1.69%) Active Directory
5 23 (1.62%) Postfix
6 10 (0.70%) vSphere
7 9 (0.63%) Virtual Servers
7 9 (0.63%) VirtualBox
8 8 (0.56%) oVirt
9 7 (0.49%) Apache Flume
10 6 (0.42%) HDFS
10 6 (0.42%) RACF
11 4 (0.28%) pfSense
11 4 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
12 3 (0.21%) Ceph
12 3 (0.21%) KVM
12 3 (0.21%) Sendmail
12 3 (0.21%) VMware Server
13 1 (0.070%) Corosync
13 1 (0.070%) etcd
Systems Management
1 264 (18.59%) Kubernetes
2 120 (8.45%) Terraform
3 102 (7.18%) Ansible
4 70 (4.93%) Puppet
5 44 (3.10%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (1.83%) Salt
7 25 (1.76%) Docker Swarm
8 20 (1.41%) Kibana
8 20 (1.41%) Packer
9 15 (1.06%) Data Guard
10 14 (0.99%) Grafana
11 13 (0.92%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 13 (0.92%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 13 (0.92%) Prometheus
12 12 (0.85%) ZABBIX
13 10 (0.70%) logstash
14 9 (0.63%) HAProxy
15 7 (0.49%) Consul
15 7 (0.49%) Failover Clustering
15 7 (0.49%) Oozie
Vendors
1 260 (18.31%) Oracle
2 112 (7.89%) Google
3 103 (7.25%) Microsoft
4 46 (3.24%) Sybase
5 44 (3.10%) Tableau
6 43 (3.03%) Red Hat
7 41 (2.89%) IBM
8 39 (2.75%) VMware
9 33 (2.32%) Atlassian
10 29 (2.04%) Cloudera
10 29 (2.04%) Talend
11 28 (1.97%) HP
12 23 (1.62%) Informatica
13 22 (1.55%) Hortonworks
14 19 (1.34%) Sparx
15 18 (1.27%) ESRI
15 18 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
16 16 (1.13%) Teradata
17 15 (1.06%) MicroStrategy
18 14 (0.99%) Citrix