Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 143 174 170
Rank change year-on-year +31 -4 -33
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,376 552 1,540
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.90% 1.53% 1.67%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.87% 6.98% 7.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 975 411 1,065
10th Percentile £388 £375 £363
25th Percentile £432 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £575 £638 £575
90th Percentile £638 £750 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £470 £475 £463
% change year-on-year -1.05% +2.70% +6.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 6
10th Percentile £33.60 £37.60 £28.00
25th Percentile £45.00 £41.50 £36.88
Median hourly rate £50.00 £51.00 £48.75
Median % change year-on-year -1.96% +4.62% +4.41%
75th Percentile £57.82 £60.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £75.63 £63.60 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £50.50 £52.50
% change year-on-year -0.99% -3.81% +12.44%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 15,519 7,913 20,704
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.43% 21.96% 22.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,707 5,460 14,306
10th Percentile £340 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
75th Percentile £613 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +5.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 215 119 253
10th Percentile £12.21 £13.52 £12.90
25th Percentile £19.25 £17.79 £18.00
Median hourly rate £27.00 £22.82 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +18.32% -23.93% -
75th Percentile £48.13 £43.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £61.98 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.00 £22.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -25.00% +11.52%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL.

Hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in the UK

PostgreSQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the UK over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 1,048 £500 -4.76% 562
London -13 623 £525 -7.08% 299
Work from Home -34 469 £495 -1.00% 138
UK excluding London +71 437 £470 -1.05% 280
South East +35 130 £500 +3.90% 66
Scotland +32 110 £450 -23.40% 15
North of England -3 77 £490 +3.70% 76
Midlands -11 55 £473 -0.53% 38
West Midlands -17 45 £475 - 30
South West +4 35 £450 -5.26% 45
North West -28 28 £463 +3.35% 39
Yorkshire -4 25 £525 +5.00% 26
East of England -9 25 £445 -15.24% 32
North East +5 24 £550 +13.40% 11
East Midlands -15 6 £305 -32.22% 8
Wales -22 6 £498 +4.74% 7

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 672 (48.84%) AWS
2 506 (36.77%) Java
3 489 (35.54%) Agile Software Development
4 469 (34.08%) Docker
5 466 (33.87%) SQL
6 451 (32.78%) Python
7 377 (27.40%) JavaScript
8 367 (26.67%) Kubernetes
9 361 (26.24%) Microservices
10 328 (23.84%) Azure
11 310 (22.53%) Oracle
12 291 (21.15%) DevOps
13 280 (20.35%) Jenkins
14 270 (19.62%) Spring
15 269 (19.55%) Git (software)
16 266 (19.33%) React
17 259 (18.82%) MySQL
18 239 (17.37%) Linux
19 235 (17.08%) SQL Server
19 235 (17.08%) Software Engineering
20 230 (16.72%) Serverless
21 229 (16.64%) Node.js
22 224 (16.28%) Spring Boot
23 215 (15.63%) MongoDB
24 214 (15.55%) Terraform
25 213 (15.48%) Finance
26 212 (15.41%) REST
27 210 (15.26%) Relational Database
28 190 (13.81%) Scrum
29 187 (13.59%) Amazon S3

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (8.28%) Elasticsearch
2 98 (7.12%) Apache Spark
3 89 (6.47%) Confluence
4 75 (5.45%) Apache
5 62 (4.51%) Tomcat
6 51 (3.71%) nginx
7 50 (3.63%) Apache Airflow
8 27 (1.96%) SAS
9 26 (1.89%) Luigi
10 17 (1.24%) Oracle Workflow
11 12 (0.87%) JBoss
12 11 (0.80%) SharePoint
13 10 (0.73%) GeoServer
14 8 (0.58%) OpenStack
14 8 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 7 (0.51%) IIS
16 6 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
16 6 (0.44%) Red Hat Fuse
16 6 (0.44%) WebLogic
17 5 (0.36%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 12 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.073%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.073%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.073%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 8 (0.58%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.36%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.073%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.073%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 672 (48.84%) AWS
2 328 (23.84%) Azure
3 230 (16.72%) Serverless
4 187 (13.59%) Amazon S3
5 180 (13.08%) AWS Lambda
6 131 (9.52%) GCP
7 100 (7.27%) AWS CloudFormation
8 92 (6.69%) OpenShift
9 77 (5.60%) PaaS
10 71 (5.16%) GitHub
11 67 (4.87%) Amazon SQS
12 60 (4.36%) SaaS
13 59 (4.29%) Amazon EC2
14 56 (4.07%) IaaS
15 53 (3.85%) Power Platform
16 44 (3.20%) Amazon ECS
17 37 (2.69%) Snowflake
18 30 (2.18%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 23 (1.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 21 (1.53%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 43 (3.13%) HTTP
2 25 (1.82%) DNS
3 21 (1.53%) SAN
4 20 (1.45%) Firewall
5 12 (0.87%) WAN
6 11 (0.80%) LAN
6 11 (0.80%) NAS
6 11 (0.80%) SSH
7 10 (0.73%) SNMP
8 9 (0.65%) Network Security
9 8 (0.58%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.58%) TACACS
10 7 (0.51%) SSL
10 7 (0.51%) TCP/IP
10 7 (0.51%) VPN
11 6 (0.44%) IPv4
11 6 (0.44%) SMS
11 6 (0.44%) SMTP
12 5 (0.36%) DHCP
12 5 (0.36%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 259 (18.82%) MySQL
2 235 (17.08%) SQL Server
3 215 (15.63%) MongoDB
4 210 (15.26%) Relational Database
5 183 (13.30%) NoSQL
6 141 (10.25%) Amazon Aurora
7 132 (9.59%) Big Data
8 125 (9.08%) Hadoop
9 114 (8.28%) Redis
10 110 (7.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 109 (7.92%) Data Warehouse
12 100 (7.27%) Amazon RDS
13 75 (5.45%) RDBMS
14 66 (4.80%) Apache Cassandra
15 59 (4.29%) Oracle Database
16 56 (4.07%) Apache Hive
17 54 (3.92%) Amazon Redshift
18 51 (3.71%) Power BI
19 43 (3.13%) Metadata
20 35 (2.54%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 280 (20.35%) Jenkins
2 269 (19.55%) Git (software)
3 144 (10.47%) JIRA
4 114 (8.28%) Maven
5 110 (7.99%) GitLab
6 71 (5.16%) Bitbucket
7 69 (5.01%) JUnit
8 63 (4.58%) SonarQube
9 52 (3.78%) Sonatype Nexus
10 46 (3.34%) Subversion
11 42 (3.05%) Artifactory
12 35 (2.54%) Cucumber
13 32 (2.33%) Postman
14 31 (2.25%) Visual Studio
15 30 (2.18%) Cypress.io
16 25 (1.82%) Mockito
16 25 (1.82%) Selenium
17 22 (1.60%) IntelliJ
18 20 (1.45%) TeamCity
19 19 (1.38%) Mocha
General
1 213 (15.48%) Finance
2 177 (12.86%) Social Skills
3 129 (9.38%) Public Sector
4 84 (6.10%) Banking
5 80 (5.81%) Analytical Skills
6 35 (2.54%) Telecoms
7 34 (2.47%) Marketing
8 31 (2.25%) Presentation Skills
9 28 (2.03%) Retail
10 23 (1.67%) Electronics
10 23 (1.67%) Manufacturing
11 18 (1.31%) Influencing Skills
12 17 (1.24%) Games
13 15 (1.09%) Law
14 14 (1.02%) Documentation Skills
15 9 (0.65%) Legal
16 8 (0.58%) Financial Institution
17 7 (0.51%) Investment Banking
18 5 (0.36%) Music Industry
18 5 (0.36%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 628 (45.64%) Developer
2 172 (12.50%) Java Developer
3 129 (9.38%) Data Engineer
4 117 (8.50%) Senior Developer
5 97 (7.05%) Architect
6 89 (6.47%) Python Developer
7 88 (6.40%) DevOps Engineer
7 88 (6.40%) Full Stack Developer
8 58 (4.22%) Software Engineer
9 50 (3.63%) AWS Developer
10 48 (3.49%) Analyst
11 47 (3.42%) DBA
12 39 (2.83%) Technical Leader
13 37 (2.69%) Software Developer
14 36 (2.62%) AWS Engineer
14 36 (2.62%) Data Analyst
15 34 (2.47%) Consultant
16 33 (2.40%) React Developer
17 31 (2.25%) Node.js Developer
17 31 (2.25%) Ruby Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 270 (19.62%) Spring
2 266 (19.33%) React
3 229 (16.64%) Node.js
4 224 (16.28%) Spring Boot
5 212 (15.41%) REST
6 147 (10.68%) HTML
7 132 (9.59%) CSS
8 125 (9.08%) Kafka
9 114 (8.28%) RESTful
10 104 (7.56%) .NET
11 100 (7.27%) AngularJS
12 85 (6.18%) Web Services
13 78 (5.67%) Django
14 76 (5.52%) GraphQL
15 74 (5.38%) JSON
16 64 (4.65%) Ruby on Rails
17 62 (4.51%) Spring Security
18 59 (4.29%) OAuth
19 56 (4.07%) SOAP
20 54 (3.92%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 72 (5.23%) Legacy Systems
2 52 (3.78%) Data Structures
3 49 (3.56%) User Experience
4 47 (3.42%) Cloud Native
5 42 (3.05%) Data Centre
6 38 (2.76%) Management Information System
7 34 (2.47%) Public Cloud
8 28 (2.03%) Clustering
9 22 (1.60%) Data Protection Act
9 22 (1.60%) Linux Command Line
9 22 (1.60%) Replication
10 21 (1.53%) Self-Motivation
11 19 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
11 19 (1.38%) Legacy Applications
12 18 (1.31%) NHS
13 16 (1.16%) Greenfield Project
14 11 (0.80%) Algorithms
15 10 (0.73%) Cyberattack
15 10 (0.73%) Mainframe
16 9 (0.65%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 239 (17.37%) Linux
2 102 (7.41%) Unix
3 74 (5.38%) Windows
4 25 (1.82%) Windows Server
5 24 (1.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 22 (1.60%) Ubuntu
7 15 (1.09%) Mac OS X
8 14 (1.02%) CentOS
9 11 (0.80%) VMS
10 10 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
10 10 (0.73%) Windows Server 2016
11 8 (0.58%) Android
11 8 (0.58%) Debian
12 6 (0.44%) Apple iOS
12 6 (0.44%) CoreOS
13 4 (0.29%) Windows 10
13 4 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
14 3 (0.22%) Solaris
14 3 (0.22%) zOS
15 2 (0.15%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 489 (35.54%) Agile Software Development
2 361 (26.24%) Microservices
3 291 (21.15%) DevOps
4 235 (17.08%) Software Engineering
5 190 (13.81%) Scrum
6 177 (12.86%) Full Stack Development
7 174 (12.65%) TDD
8 158 (11.48%) Infrastructure as Code
9 157 (11.41%) Analytics
10 153 (11.12%) Test Automation
11 137 (9.96%) ETL
12 121 (8.79%) Mentoring
13 112 (8.14%) Migration
14 110 (7.99%) Open Source
15 101 (7.34%) Business Intelligence
16 93 (6.76%) Configuration Management
17 92 (6.69%) Data Modelling
18 83 (6.03%) Problem-Solving
19 72 (5.23%) Continuous Integration
20 69 (5.01%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 506 (36.77%) Java
2 466 (33.87%) SQL
3 451 (32.78%) Python
4 377 (27.40%) JavaScript
5 139 (10.10%) TypeScript
6 98 (7.12%) Scala
7 96 (6.98%) C#
8 93 (6.76%) Ruby
9 84 (6.10%) Java 8
10 77 (5.60%) Bash Shell
11 64 (4.65%) Go
12 56 (4.07%) Java 11
13 53 (3.85%) Groovy
13 53 (3.85%) PHP
14 50 (3.63%) PL/SQL
15 47 (3.42%) PowerShell
16 37 (2.69%) Shell Script
17 35 (2.54%) ES6
18 31 (2.25%) C
18 31 (2.25%) C++
Qualifications
1 165 (11.99%) Security Cleared
2 118 (8.58%) SC Cleared
3 71 (5.16%) Degree
4 32 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (2.03%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (0.87%) AWS Certification
7 11 (0.80%) SAS Certification
8 9 (0.65%) ISTQB
9 8 (0.58%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.36%) DV Cleared
11 4 (0.29%) CCIE
11 4 (0.29%) CCNP
11 4 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
11 4 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.15%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.15%) ISEB
12 2 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
12 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.15%) OCP
12 2 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (6.03%) Accessibility
2 46 (3.34%) Data Quality
3 36 (2.62%) QA
4 20 (1.45%) GDPR
5 10 (0.73%) SLA
6 9 (0.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 8 (0.58%) HL7
8 5 (0.36%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.22%) FedRAMP
9 3 (0.22%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.15%) PMO
11 1 (0.073%) GxP
11 1 (0.073%) ISO 9000
11 1 (0.073%) WCAG
System Software
1 469 (34.08%) Docker
2 33 (2.40%) Active Directory
3 30 (2.18%) HDFS
4 18 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
6 8 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.36%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.36%) vSphere
9 4 (0.29%) RACF
10 3 (0.22%) Postfix
10 3 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (0.22%) VirtualBox
10 3 (0.22%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.15%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.15%) Ceph
11 2 (0.15%) iptables
11 2 (0.15%) vCloud
11 2 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 367 (26.67%) Kubernetes
2 214 (15.55%) Terraform
3 134 (9.74%) Ansible
4 106 (7.70%) Grafana
5 48 (3.49%) Kibana
6 47 (3.42%) Prometheus
7 39 (2.83%) Puppet
8 26 (1.89%) Opscode Chef
9 24 (1.74%) Rancher
10 15 (1.09%) logstash
11 13 (0.94%) Oozie
12 12 (0.87%) Control-M
13 11 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
13 11 (0.80%) SCCM
13 11 (0.80%) Single Sign-On
14 10 (0.73%) Nagios
15 8 (0.58%) HP NNM
16 7 (0.51%) Istio
16 7 (0.51%) Tivoli Storage Manager
16 7 (0.51%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 310 (22.53%) Oracle
2 111 (8.07%) Microsoft
3 59 (4.29%) Google
4 53 (3.85%) Informatica
5 42 (3.05%) Databricks
6 41 (2.98%) Atlassian
7 38 (2.76%) Red Hat
8 35 (2.54%) Splunk
9 33 (2.40%) SAP
10 31 (2.25%) VMware
11 24 (1.74%) Sybase
12 22 (1.60%) Talend
13 20 (1.45%) Dynatrace
13 20 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
14 19 (1.38%) IBM
14 19 (1.38%) ServiceNow
15 17 (1.24%) Teradata
15 17 (1.24%) Veracode
16 16 (1.16%) Hortonworks
17 11 (0.80%) MuleSoft