Period
to 15 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 15 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 97 82 70
Rank change year-on-year -15 -12 +34
Contract jobs citing RESTful 2,047 3,280 3,354
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.44% 3.15% 3.26%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.99% 9.04% 10.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,393 2,431 2,446
UK median daily rate £488 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £350 £358 £325
90th Percentile £625 £600 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £413
% change year-on-year - +9.09% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 12 34
UK median hourly rate £43.43 £52.42 £48.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.16% +7.52% +35.42%
10th Percentile £25.50 £35.00 £35.60
90th Percentile £122.50 £100.75 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £48.75
% change year-on-year - -28.21% +35.42%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,635 36,282 33,180
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.52% 34.83% 32.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,745 25,584 23,406
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 293 319 376
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.74 £17.00 £18.25
90th Percentile £73.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £41.25 £41.00
% change year-on-year +0.61% +0.61% +11.56%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RESTful as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RESTful.

Contractor daily rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 1,889 £500 - 923
London -11 1,031 £525 - 374
UK excluding London -28 972 £450 - 608
South East -44 275 £450 -4.26% 154
North of England -27 222 £450 +5.88% 170
Midlands +4 156 £450 +5.88% 66
South West +26 137 £438 +1.45% 83
Scotland +7 116 £450 +5.88% 32
North West -36 107 £463 +13.15% 92
Yorkshire +26 105 £450 +2.86% 63
West Midlands 0 89 £475 +15.15% 32
East Midlands +19 66 £375 -16.67% 34
East of England -59 52 £463 -11.90% 76
Wales +16 13 £525 +23.53% 16
North East 0 10 £400 -1.72% 15
Northern Ireland -15 2 £431 +4.61% 11

For the 6 months to 15 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RESTful.

1 1,208 (59.01%) Agile Software Development
2 931 (45.48%) Java
3 700 (34.20%) JavaScript
4 690 (33.71%) TDD
5 669 (32.68%) Microservices
6 601 (29.36%) Web Services
7 515 (25.16%) Git (software)
8 478 (23.35%) Scrum
9 472 (23.06%) HTML
10 450 (21.98%) AWS
11 437 (21.35%) Spring
12 435 (21.25%) CSS
12 435 (21.25%) Test Automation
13 413 (20.18%) SQL
14 398 (19.44%) Continuous Integration
15 393 (19.20%) DevOps
16 392 (19.15%) Azure
17 386 (18.86%) .NET
18 377 (18.42%) JSON
18 377 (18.42%) AngularJS
19 369 (18.03%) BDD
20 365 (17.83%) C#
21 348 (17.00%) Jenkins
22 315 (15.39%) Node.js
23 305 (14.90%) React
24 279 (13.63%) SOAP
25 276 (13.48%) Docker
26 273 (13.34%) HTML5
27 264 (12.90%) Finance
28 241 (11.77%) MVC

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 151 (7.38%) Confluence
2 59 (2.88%) Elasticsearch
3 56 (2.74%) Apache
4 43 (2.10%) Tomcat
5 36 (1.76%) Apache Spark
6 35 (1.71%) CMS
7 21 (1.03%) IIS
7 21 (1.03%) JBoss
8 20 (0.98%) SharePoint
9 17 (0.83%) Cloud Foundry
10 14 (0.68%) Mule
10 14 (0.68%) NServiceBus
11 13 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 13 (0.64%) WebSphere
12 10 (0.49%) nginx
12 10 (0.49%) Umbraco
12 10 (0.49%) WebLogic
13 9 (0.44%) Oracle Service Bus
14 7 (0.34%) Drupal
14 7 (0.34%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 12 (0.59%) Photoshop
2 7 (0.34%) GIMP
3 5 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.15%) InfoPath
4 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.098%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.049%) InVision
6 1 (0.049%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.049%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.29%) Oracle Cash Management
3 5 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
4 3 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.15%) Magento
4 3 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.098%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.098%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.098%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.049%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.049%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.049%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.049%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 450 (21.98%) AWS
2 392 (19.15%) Azure
3 106 (5.18%) Amazon EC2
3 106 (5.18%) GitHub
4 97 (4.74%) GCP
5 94 (4.59%) Serverless
6 64 (3.13%) AWS Lambda
7 57 (2.78%) Amazon SQS
8 44 (2.15%) OpenShift
9 42 (2.05%) npm
10 41 (2.00%) SaaS
11 39 (1.91%) PaaS
12 28 (1.37%) Amazon Kinesis
13 27 (1.32%) Apigee
14 25 (1.22%) Cloud Computing
15 18 (0.88%) Azure Active Directory
16 16 (0.78%) Amazon S3
16 16 (0.78%) Azure Functions
16 16 (0.78%) IaaS
17 14 (0.68%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 88 (4.30%) HTTP
2 22 (1.07%) Internet
3 12 (0.59%) SSL
4 9 (0.44%) DNS
4 9 (0.44%) SSH
5 8 (0.39%) Kerberos
6 7 (0.34%) Firewall
7 6 (0.29%) TCP/IP
8 5 (0.24%) FTP
8 5 (0.24%) Intranet
8 5 (0.24%) NAS
8 5 (0.24%) SAN
9 3 (0.15%) X.500
10 2 (0.098%) BIG-IP
10 2 (0.098%) Cisco ASA
10 2 (0.098%) DHCP
10 2 (0.098%) IPsec
10 2 (0.098%) NetScaler
10 2 (0.098%) VPN
10 2 (0.098%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 216 (10.55%) SQL Server
2 212 (10.36%) NoSQL
3 163 (7.96%) Relational Database
4 151 (7.38%) MySQL
5 137 (6.69%) MongoDB
6 131 (6.40%) PostgreSQL
7 66 (3.22%) Big Data
8 64 (3.13%) Amazon RDS
9 45 (2.20%) RDBMS
10 39 (1.91%) Redis
11 38 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 38 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
12 35 (1.71%) Hadoop
13 31 (1.51%) Oracle Database
14 27 (1.32%) Couchbase
15 26 (1.27%) Azure SQL Database
16 25 (1.22%) MariaDB
17 21 (1.03%) SQL Server 2008
18 20 (0.98%) Blockchain
19 17 (0.83%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 515 (25.16%) Git (software)
2 348 (17.00%) Jenkins
3 214 (10.45%) JIRA
4 213 (10.41%) Maven
5 191 (9.33%) JUnit
6 183 (8.94%) Selenium
7 156 (7.62%) Cucumber
8 136 (6.64%) Mockito
9 101 (4.93%) JMeter
10 95 (4.64%) SonarQube
11 77 (3.76%) jMock
12 71 (3.47%) DbUnit
13 59 (2.88%) webpack
14 55 (2.69%) Bitbucket
15 54 (2.64%) Gradle
16 53 (2.59%) Visual Studio
16 53 (2.59%) WebDriver
17 49 (2.39%) Subversion
18 47 (2.30%) Eclipse
19 46 (2.25%) TeamCity
General
1 264 (12.90%) Finance
2 148 (7.23%) Banking
3 134 (6.55%) Public Sector
4 74 (3.62%) Retail
5 48 (2.34%) Telecoms
6 45 (2.20%) Law
7 38 (1.86%) Marketing
8 34 (1.66%) Front Office
8 34 (1.66%) Manufacturing
9 31 (1.51%) Games
10 30 (1.47%) Electronics
10 30 (1.47%) Investment Banking
11 28 (1.37%) Publishing
12 16 (0.78%) Advertising
13 15 (0.73%) Financial Institution
14 13 (0.64%) Back Office
15 12 (0.59%) Retail Banking
16 9 (0.44%) Legal
17 4 (0.20%) Automotive
17 4 (0.20%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,531 (74.79%) Developer
2 432 (21.10%) Java Developer
3 205 (10.01%) Senior Developer
4 201 (9.82%) .NET Developer
5 134 (6.55%) React Developer
6 112 (5.47%) C# Developer
7 108 (5.28%) Architect
8 94 (4.59%) Full Stack Developer
9 91 (4.45%) JavaScript Developer
10 89 (4.35%) Senior Java Developer
11 81 (3.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 70 (3.42%) Software Developer
13 69 (3.37%) Scala Developer
14 68 (3.32%) PHP Developer
15 66 (3.22%) Tester
16 65 (3.18%) iOS Developer
17 63 (3.08%) Angular Developer
17 63 (3.08%) C# .NET Developer
18 58 (2.83%) Node.js Developer
19 53 (2.59%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 601 (29.36%) Web Services
2 472 (23.06%) HTML
3 437 (21.35%) Spring
4 435 (21.25%) CSS
5 386 (18.86%) .NET
6 377 (18.42%) AngularJS
6 377 (18.42%) JSON
7 315 (15.39%) Node.js
8 305 (14.90%) React
9 279 (13.63%) SOAP
10 273 (13.34%) HTML5
11 222 (10.85%) XML
12 200 (9.77%) Spring Boot
13 196 (9.57%) REST
14 169 (8.26%) CSS3
15 151 (7.38%) ASP.NET
16 144 (7.03%) Redux
17 130 (6.35%) Hibernate
18 122 (5.96%) .NET Framework
19 119 (5.81%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 169 (8.26%) User Experience
2 154 (7.52%) Greenfield Project
3 106 (5.18%) Mobile App
4 88 (4.30%) Analytical Skills
5 46 (2.25%) Algorithms
6 45 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
7 42 (2.05%) Enterprise Software
8 40 (1.95%) Cloud Native
9 38 (1.86%) Animation
10 37 (1.81%) Linux Command Line
11 36 (1.76%) Public Cloud
12 26 (1.27%) Video\Live Streaming
13 25 (1.22%) Video on Demand
14 24 (1.17%) NHS
15 17 (0.83%) Data Structures
16 14 (0.68%) Equities
17 13 (0.64%) Client/Server
17 13 (0.64%) Management Information System
18 12 (0.59%) Hedge funds
19 11 (0.54%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 199 (9.72%) Linux
2 105 (5.13%) Apple iOS
3 93 (4.54%) Unix
4 91 (4.45%) Android
5 75 (3.66%) Windows
6 26 (1.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 24 (1.17%) tvOS
8 16 (0.78%) CentOS
9 9 (0.44%) Windows Server
10 8 (0.39%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.29%) Mac OS
12 5 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
12 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.20%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.15%) VMS
15 2 (0.098%) Solaris
15 2 (0.098%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 2 (0.098%) Windows 10
16 1 (0.049%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,208 (59.01%) Agile Software Development
2 690 (33.71%) TDD
3 669 (32.68%) Microservices
4 478 (23.35%) Scrum
5 435 (21.25%) Test Automation
6 398 (19.44%) Continuous Integration
7 393 (19.20%) DevOps
8 369 (18.03%) BDD
9 241 (11.77%) MVC
10 240 (11.72%) OO
11 214 (10.45%) Kanban
12 194 (9.48%) Unit Testing
13 160 (7.82%) Open Source
13 160 (7.82%) Software Engineering
14 147 (7.18%) E-Commerce
15 146 (7.13%) Problem-Solving
16 136 (6.64%) OOP
17 132 (6.45%) Front End Development
17 132 (6.45%) Mentoring
18 124 (6.06%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 931 (45.48%) Java
2 700 (34.20%) JavaScript
3 413 (20.18%) SQL
4 365 (17.83%) C#
5 220 (10.75%) Python
6 219 (10.70%) Java 8
7 134 (6.55%) Scala
8 125 (6.11%) PHP
9 120 (5.86%) TypeScript
10 98 (4.79%) ES6
11 92 (4.49%) Ruby
12 72 (3.52%) Bash Shell
13 68 (3.32%) Apple Swift
14 51 (2.49%) T-SQL
15 47 (2.30%) Groovy
16 45 (2.20%) Kotlin
16 45 (2.20%) PowerShell
17 37 (1.81%) Perl
18 36 (1.76%) Objective-C
19 33 (1.61%) C++
Qualifications
1 187 (9.14%) Security Cleared
2 135 (6.60%) SC Cleared
3 109 (5.32%) Degree
4 50 (2.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (1.22%) BPSS Clearance
6 17 (0.83%) ISTQB
7 11 (0.54%) ISEB
8 7 (0.34%) DBS Check
8 7 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
9 5 (0.24%) AWS Certification
10 4 (0.20%) DV Cleared
10 4 (0.20%) MCSE
11 3 (0.15%) BC Cleared
11 3 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.15%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.15%) SANS
11 3 (0.15%) Sun Certification
12 2 (0.098%) CISSP
12 2 (0.098%) PhD
12 2 (0.098%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (5.13%) QA
2 14 (0.68%) GDPR
2 14 (0.68%) NIST
3 11 (0.54%) NCSC
4 7 (0.34%) PSD2
5 6 (0.29%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.15%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.15%) PMO
7 3 (0.15%) SEPA
8 2 (0.098%) EMIR
8 2 (0.098%) HL7
8 2 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.098%) MiFID
9 1 (0.049%) COBIT
9 1 (0.049%) RosettaNet
9 1 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.049%) SLA
9 1 (0.049%) WCAG
System Software
1 276 (13.48%) Docker
2 39 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (1.86%) Active Directory
4 37 (1.81%) Postfix
5 28 (1.37%) vSphere
6 12 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.29%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.24%) Varnish
9 4 (0.20%) GridGain
9 4 (0.20%) HDFS
10 3 (0.15%) NDS
10 3 (0.15%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 2 (0.098%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 2 (0.098%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 2 (0.098%) Xen
12 1 (0.049%) BusyBox
12 1 (0.049%) OpenAM
12 1 (0.049%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.049%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 177 (8.65%) Kubernetes
2 93 (4.54%) Ansible
3 65 (3.18%) Terraform
4 53 (2.59%) Puppet
5 20 (0.98%) Kibana
6 18 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (0.68%) Packer
8 13 (0.64%) Single Sign-On
9 12 (0.59%) Consul
9 12 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
9 12 (0.59%) logstash
9 12 (0.59%) Mesos
10 10 (0.49%) Marathon
11 9 (0.44%) Nagios
12 7 (0.34%) Graphite
12 7 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
12 7 (0.34%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 7 (0.34%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.24%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 4 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 194 (9.48%) Microsoft
2 128 (6.25%) Google
3 105 (5.13%) Oracle
4 51 (2.49%) Apple
5 46 (2.25%) VMware
6 44 (2.15%) SAP
7 36 (1.76%) Splunk
8 35 (1.71%) Salesforce.com
9 31 (1.51%) Atlassian
9 31 (1.51%) Red Hat
10 27 (1.32%) MuleSoft
11 25 (1.22%) IBM
12 17 (0.83%) WSO2
13 15 (0.73%) HP
13 15 (0.73%) Xamarin
13 15 (0.73%) Zend
14 12 (0.59%) NetIQ
14 12 (0.59%) Sybase
15 11 (0.54%) ServiceNow
16 10 (0.49%) CA