Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 105 80 73
Rank change year-on-year -25 -7 +19
Contract jobs citing RESTful 951 2,760 3,387
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.30% 2.96% 3.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.49% 9.15% 9.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 722 2,005 2,505
Median daily rate £499 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.25% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £351 £370 £350
90th Percentile £630 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 16 10
Median hourly rate £35.00 £53.50 £85.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -34.58% -37.24% +100.59%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £60.00
% change year-on-year - -41.67% +41.18%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,703 30,178 34,838
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.76% 32.32% 33.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,536 21,139 24,456
Median daily rate £500 £490 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +4.26% +4.44%
10th Percentile £333 £335 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £415
% change year-on-year +2.27% +6.02% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 195 321 363
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +1.19% +2.44%
10th Percentile £22.50 £18.50 £15.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.00 £60.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -2.44%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 872 £500 - 370
London -19 479 £500 -4.76% 115
UK excluding London -32 449 £450 - 278
South East +1 133 £450 - 54
North of England -11 103 £408 -9.44% 106
South West +11 89 £525 +16.67% 35
Work from Home -28 63 £450 - 59
North West +25 53 £400 -5.88% 49
Scotland -12 44 £475 +5.56% 10
Yorkshire -15 38 £475 -5.00% 48
East of England -14 33 £500 -4.76% 28
Midlands -31 27 £400 -11.11% 32
West Midlands -21 16 £475 +5.56% 22
Northern Ireland +28 15 £400 - 5
North East +17 12 £425 -7.61% 9
East Midlands +13 11 £375 -10.18% 10
Wales +33 6 £394 -8.43% 8

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RESTful.

1 502 (52.79%) Agile Software Development
2 438 (46.06%) Java
3 357 (37.54%) JavaScript
4 348 (36.59%) Web Services
5 284 (29.86%) Microservices
6 266 (27.97%) TDD
7 239 (25.13%) Git (software)
8 224 (23.55%) AWS
9 223 (23.45%) HTML
10 222 (23.34%) Spring
11 215 (22.61%) Azure
12 196 (20.61%) SQL
12 196 (20.61%) CSS
13 188 (19.77%) Continuous Integration
14 187 (19.66%) C#
15 186 (19.56%) Scrum
16 173 (18.19%) Test Automation
17 170 (17.88%) .NET
18 164 (17.25%) JSON
18 164 (17.25%) React
19 162 (17.03%) DevOps
19 162 (17.03%) AngularJS
20 157 (16.51%) Docker
21 153 (16.09%) Node.js
22 151 (15.88%) SOAP
22 151 (15.88%) Finance
23 146 (15.35%) Python
24 124 (13.04%) XML
25 123 (12.93%) Jenkins
26 122 (12.83%) Kubernetes

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (5.68%) Elasticsearch
2 42 (4.42%) Apache Spark
3 35 (3.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 35 (3.68%) Tomcat
4 33 (3.47%) Red Hat Fuse
5 32 (3.36%) Confluence
5 32 (3.36%) Mule
6 31 (3.26%) Oracle Service Bus
7 25 (2.63%) WebSphere
8 24 (2.52%) Apache
9 15 (1.58%) Cloud Foundry
10 13 (1.37%) JBoss
11 11 (1.16%) CMS
11 11 (1.16%) WebLogic
12 9 (0.95%) Drupal
12 9 (0.95%) IIS
13 8 (0.84%) SharePoint
14 7 (0.74%) WordPress
15 6 (0.63%) nginx
16 4 (0.42%) Umbraco
Applications
1 9 (0.95%) Chatbot
2 7 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.63%) Figma
4 2 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.21%) LaTeX
4 2 (0.21%) Sketch
4 2 (0.21%) Zeplin
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (0.74%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 6 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.21%) Shopify
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.11%) Magento
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.11%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 1 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.11%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 224 (23.55%) AWS
2 215 (22.61%) Azure
3 88 (9.25%) GitHub
4 66 (6.94%) GCP
5 63 (6.62%) Serverless
6 40 (4.21%) AWS Lambda
7 36 (3.79%) Amazon EC2
8 34 (3.58%) Amazon S3
9 27 (2.84%) OpenShift
10 25 (2.63%) Amazon SQS
11 18 (1.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 18 (1.89%) npm
12 17 (1.79%) Amazon Kinesis
13 15 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
14 13 (1.37%) SaaS
15 12 (1.26%) Apigee
15 12 (1.26%) IaaS
15 12 (1.26%) PaaS
16 7 (0.74%) AWS CloudTrail
16 7 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 60 (6.31%) HTTP
2 28 (2.94%) SSL
3 24 (2.52%) HTTPS
4 15 (1.58%) Firewall
5 12 (1.26%) Internet
6 10 (1.05%) RTMP
6 10 (1.05%) TCP/IP
7 9 (0.95%) Reverse Proxy
8 8 (0.84%) DNS
8 8 (0.84%) VLAN
9 7 (0.74%) MQTT
9 7 (0.74%) SNMP
9 7 (0.74%) VPN
10 3 (0.32%) AMQP
10 3 (0.32%) BIG-IP
10 3 (0.32%) Junos
10 3 (0.32%) NetScaler
10 3 (0.32%) Network Security
10 3 (0.32%) Skype
10 3 (0.32%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 111 (11.67%) NoSQL
2 100 (10.52%) SQL Server
3 84 (8.83%) MySQL
4 73 (7.68%) MongoDB
5 58 (6.10%) Relational Database
6 56 (5.89%) PostgreSQL
7 32 (3.36%) Big Data
8 22 (2.31%) Redis
9 21 (2.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 20 (2.10%) Oracle Database
11 19 (2.00%) Amazon RDS
12 16 (1.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 14 (1.47%) Apache Cassandra
13 14 (1.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 12 (1.26%) RDBMS
15 11 (1.16%) Couchbase
16 9 (0.95%) Hadoop
17 8 (0.84%) Amazon Redshift
17 8 (0.84%) Oracle Reports
18 7 (0.74%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 239 (25.13%) Git (software)
2 123 (12.93%) Jenkins
3 108 (11.36%) JUnit
4 106 (11.15%) Maven
5 73 (7.68%) JIRA
6 59 (6.20%) Gradle
7 56 (5.89%) Selenium
8 53 (5.57%) Cucumber
9 48 (5.05%) Mockito
10 37 (3.89%) Visual Studio
11 35 (3.68%) Bitbucket
12 29 (3.05%) GitLab
13 26 (2.73%) Jasmine
14 21 (2.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 21 (2.21%) JMeter
14 21 (2.21%) SoapUI
14 21 (2.21%) SonarQube
14 21 (2.21%) SpecFlow
14 21 (2.21%) Team Foundation Server
15 18 (1.89%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 151 (15.88%) Finance
2 86 (9.04%) Public Sector
3 82 (8.62%) Banking
4 51 (5.36%) Marketing
5 50 (5.26%) Telecoms
6 48 (5.05%) Manufacturing
7 43 (4.52%) Electronics
8 33 (3.47%) Investment Banking
9 17 (1.79%) Retail
10 14 (1.47%) Front Office
11 11 (1.16%) Publishing
12 9 (0.95%) Financial Institution
12 9 (0.95%) Games
13 8 (0.84%) Automotive
14 7 (0.74%) Back Office
15 5 (0.53%) Law
16 4 (0.42%) Legal
16 4 (0.42%) Retail Banking
17 3 (0.32%) Advertising
18 2 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 711 (74.76%) Developer
2 225 (23.66%) Java Developer
3 104 (10.94%) Senior Developer
4 95 (9.99%) .NET Developer
5 67 (7.05%) Full Stack Developer
6 65 (6.83%) React Developer
7 61 (6.41%) C# Developer
8 59 (6.20%) Senior Java Developer
9 51 (5.36%) JavaScript Developer
10 49 (5.15%) Backend Developer
11 46 (4.84%) Python Developer
12 42 (4.42%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 41 (4.31%) Angular Developer
14 39 (4.10%) Architect
15 36 (3.79%) Azure Developer
16 34 (3.58%) ASP.NET Developer
17 33 (3.47%) Android Developer
18 32 (3.36%) HTML Developer
19 31 (3.26%) C# .NET Developer
20 30 (3.15%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 348 (36.59%) Web Services
2 223 (23.45%) HTML
3 222 (23.34%) Spring
4 196 (20.61%) CSS
5 170 (17.88%) .NET
6 164 (17.25%) JSON
6 164 (17.25%) React
7 162 (17.03%) AngularJS
8 153 (16.09%) Node.js
9 151 (15.88%) SOAP
10 124 (13.04%) XML
11 111 (11.67%) HTML5
12 108 (11.36%) Spring Boot
13 77 (8.10%) ASP.NET
14 72 (7.57%) Kafka
14 72 (7.57%) Swagger
15 70 (7.36%) REST
16 64 (6.73%) Middleware
17 60 (6.31%) jQuery
18 56 (5.89%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 103 (10.83%) User Experience
2 46 (4.84%) Mobile App
3 38 (4.00%) Enterprise Software
4 34 (3.58%) Greenfield Project
5 28 (2.94%) Analytical Skills
6 19 (2.00%) Cloud Native
7 18 (1.89%) Virtual Team
8 15 (1.58%) Mobile Payment
8 15 (1.58%) Public Cloud
9 13 (1.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 13 (1.37%) Self-Motivation
10 12 (1.26%) iPad
11 10 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
11 10 (1.05%) Management Information System
12 9 (0.95%) Algorithms
12 9 (0.95%) Data Structures
13 8 (0.84%) Animation
13 8 (0.84%) iPhone
14 7 (0.74%) Blog
14 7 (0.74%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 97 (10.20%) Linux
2 57 (5.99%) Android
3 47 (4.94%) Windows
4 37 (3.89%) Apple iOS
5 28 (2.94%) Unix
6 13 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (1.37%) Windows Server 2016
7 11 (1.16%) Windows Server
8 8 (0.84%) CentOS
8 8 (0.84%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.53%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.42%) Mac OS X
11 3 (0.32%) Debian
11 3 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.21%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 502 (52.79%) Agile Software Development
2 284 (29.86%) Microservices
3 266 (27.97%) TDD
4 188 (19.77%) Continuous Integration
5 186 (19.56%) Scrum
6 173 (18.19%) Test Automation
7 162 (17.03%) DevOps
8 114 (11.99%) Software Engineering
9 103 (10.83%) Open Source
9 103 (10.83%) SDLC
10 100 (10.52%) BDD
10 100 (10.52%) MVC
10 100 (10.52%) SOA
11 90 (9.46%) OO
12 75 (7.89%) Unit Testing
13 68 (7.15%) Front End Development
14 61 (6.41%) Continuous Delivery
14 61 (6.41%) Kanban
14 61 (6.41%) Web Development
15 58 (6.10%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 438 (46.06%) Java
2 357 (37.54%) JavaScript
3 196 (20.61%) SQL
4 187 (19.66%) C#
5 146 (15.35%) Python
6 115 (12.09%) Java 8
7 65 (6.83%) TypeScript
8 64 (6.73%) Kotlin
9 40 (4.21%) ES6
10 38 (4.00%) Bash Shell
11 37 (3.89%) Scala
12 35 (3.68%) XPath
13 33 (3.47%) PHP
14 28 (2.94%) PowerShell
14 28 (2.94%) T-SQL
15 26 (2.73%) Apple Swift
15 26 (2.73%) Go
16 18 (1.89%) Objective-C
16 18 (1.89%) PL/SQL
16 18 (1.89%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 82 (8.62%) Security Cleared
2 73 (7.68%) SC Cleared
3 55 (5.78%) Degree
4 24 (2.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.26%) ISTQB
6 8 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.53%) DBS Check
7 5 (0.53%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.53%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 4 (0.42%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.42%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.32%) ISEB
9 3 (0.32%) PhD
10 1 (0.11%) CIPD
10 1 (0.11%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (3.79%) QA
2 13 (1.37%) GDPR
3 8 (0.84%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.21%) HL7
4 2 (0.21%) WCAG
5 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.11%) NIST
System Software
1 157 (16.51%) Docker
2 15 (1.58%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (1.47%) vSphere
4 6 (0.63%) Postfix
4 6 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.32%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.32%) HDFS
5 3 (0.32%) KVM
5 3 (0.32%) VMware NSX
6 2 (0.21%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.21%) BusyBox
7 1 (0.11%) NDS
7 1 (0.11%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 122 (12.83%) Kubernetes
2 53 (5.57%) Terraform
3 33 (3.47%) Ansible
4 28 (2.94%) Prometheus
5 21 (2.21%) Puppet
6 17 (1.79%) Grafana
6 17 (1.79%) Kibana
7 16 (1.68%) Packer
7 16 (1.68%) Zipkin
8 11 (1.16%) Opscode Chef
9 9 (0.95%) logstash
9 9 (0.95%) ZABBIX
10 6 (0.63%) Consul
11 5 (0.53%) Tivoli
11 5 (0.53%) Tivoli Storage Manager
12 4 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.32%) CA Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.32%) Cobbler
13 3 (0.32%) Icinga
13 3 (0.32%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 96 (10.09%) Oracle
2 74 (7.78%) SAP
3 58 (6.10%) Microsoft
4 41 (4.31%) Google
5 33 (3.47%) WSO2
6 30 (3.15%) Talend
7 20 (2.10%) Red Hat
8 17 (1.79%) VMware
9 16 (1.68%) Atlassian
9 16 (1.68%) Splunk
10 15 (1.58%) IBM
11 14 (1.47%) MuleSoft
12 12 (1.26%) Apple
12 12 (1.26%) hybris
13 9 (0.95%) Adobe
13 9 (0.95%) Dell
13 9 (0.95%) Salesforce.com
14 8 (0.84%) ServiceNow
15 7 (0.74%) EMC
15 7 (0.74%) Twitter