Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 116 102 78
Rank change year-on-year -14 -24 -3
Contract jobs citing RESTful 1,190 1,201 2,852
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.14% 2.31% 3.07%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.07% 7.72% 9.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 814 859 2,041
10th Percentile £350 £363 £370
25th Percentile £413 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £600 £550 £573
90th Percentile £700 £630 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 8 17
10th Percentile £25.50 £53.93 £32.79
25th Percentile £40.00 £59.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate £46.00 £62.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year -25.81% +12.73% -21.43%
75th Percentile £59.50 £64.63 £63.19
90th Percentile £67.80 £69.50 £64.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £58.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year -31.03% +5.45% -21.43%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,842 15,566 30,448
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.24% 29.99% 32.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,022 10,982 21,675
10th Percentile £338 £331 £331
25th Percentile £410 £411 £403
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -3.33% - +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 182 149 282
10th Percentile £23.81 £18.79 £17.43
25th Percentile £34.00 £31.25 £27.75
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.40 £44.34
Median % change year-on-year -3.02% +4.65% +6.84%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £66.00 £68.90 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +8.64%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the UK over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -23 939 £500 - 659
London -28 568 £525 +5.00% 245
Work from Home -21 409 £500 +5.26% 192
UK excluding London -15 372 £450 - 463
South East +26 117 £448 -0.56% 114
North of England +19 89 £463 +12.80% 130
Midlands +19 53 £413 -8.33% 69
Scotland -25 51 £425 -14.14% 37
North West +11 48 £469 +14.33% 84
East of England +35 38 £463 -11.90% 39
West Midlands -8 35 £370 -21.07% 48
North East +30 23 £500 +31.15% 20
Yorkshire -4 18 £375 -21.05% 26
South West -33 18 £450 -10.00% 61
East Midlands +14 6 £411 +4.44% 21
Wales +9 5 £500 +25.00% 9
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RESTful.

1 572 (48.07%) Agile Software Development
2 568 (47.73%) Java
3 391 (32.86%) TDD
4 390 (32.77%) JavaScript
4 390 (32.77%) Microservices
5 334 (28.07%) SQL
6 305 (25.63%) Web Services
7 299 (25.13%) Git (software)
8 286 (24.03%) AWS
9 279 (23.45%) DevOps
10 264 (22.18%) HTML
11 259 (21.76%) Spring
11 259 (21.76%) Azure
12 254 (21.34%) Test Automation
13 253 (21.26%) Continuous Integration
14 250 (21.01%) Jenkins
15 244 (20.50%) Scrum
16 229 (19.24%) CSS
17 220 (18.49%) BDD
18 215 (18.07%) Python
18 215 (18.07%) Finance
19 205 (17.23%) .NET
20 194 (16.30%) C#
21 193 (16.22%) JSON
22 190 (15.97%) AngularJS
23 189 (15.88%) Node.js
23 189 (15.88%) Social Skills
24 175 (14.71%) NoSQL
25 174 (14.62%) Docker
26 171 (14.37%) React

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (4.03%) Confluence
2 37 (3.11%) Tomcat
3 34 (2.86%) Apache
4 33 (2.77%) Apache Spark
4 33 (2.77%) CMS
5 25 (2.10%) WebSphere
6 14 (1.18%) Jetty
6 14 (1.18%) Mule
7 13 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
8 12 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
8 12 (1.01%) WebLogic
9 11 (0.92%) Jadu
10 10 (0.84%) Apache Airflow
10 10 (0.84%) IIS
11 9 (0.76%) IBM Domino
12 8 (0.67%) Headless CMS
12 8 (0.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.67%) Oracle Workflow
12 8 (0.67%) Red Hat Fuse
12 8 (0.67%) SharePoint
Applications
1 21 (1.76%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.084%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (0.76%) Magento
2 6 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.50%) thinkFolio
3 5 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.17%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 2 (0.17%) RMDS
5 2 (0.17%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.17%) Shopify
6 1 (0.084%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.084%) Lawson
6 1 (0.084%) Northgate Housing
6 1 (0.084%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.084%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.084%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 286 (24.03%) AWS
2 259 (21.76%) Azure
3 124 (10.42%) Serverless
4 89 (7.48%) GCP
5 76 (6.39%) GitHub
6 62 (5.21%) AWS Lambda
7 35 (2.94%) Power Platform
7 35 (2.94%) SaaS
8 33 (2.77%) Azure Functions
9 32 (2.69%) OpenShift
10 31 (2.61%) npm
11 30 (2.52%) PaaS
12 29 (2.44%) Amazon S3
13 24 (2.02%) Cloud Computing
14 20 (1.68%) Azure Logic Apps
14 20 (1.68%) Azure Service Bus
15 19 (1.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 19 (1.60%) Amazon SQS
16 18 (1.51%) Amazon EC2
16 18 (1.51%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 67 (5.63%) HTTP
2 22 (1.85%) SSL
3 14 (1.18%) Internet
4 10 (0.84%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.67%) DNS
5 8 (0.67%) RTMP
6 7 (0.59%) HTTPS
7 6 (0.50%) Kerberos
8 5 (0.42%) SSH
9 4 (0.34%) 5G
9 4 (0.34%) Firewall
9 4 (0.34%) SMTP
9 4 (0.34%) VPN
10 3 (0.25%) ATM
10 3 (0.25%) Wireless
11 2 (0.17%) DMZ
11 2 (0.17%) DSL
11 2 (0.17%) NFC
11 2 (0.17%) SWIFTNet
12 1 (0.084%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (14.71%) NoSQL
2 112 (9.41%) MongoDB
3 110 (9.24%) SQL Server
4 97 (8.15%) PostgreSQL
5 81 (6.81%) Relational Database
6 48 (4.03%) MySQL
6 48 (4.03%) Redis
7 47 (3.95%) Big Data
8 46 (3.87%) BigQuery
9 42 (3.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 36 (3.03%) Data Warehouse
11 34 (2.86%) RDBMS
12 30 (2.52%) Bigtable
12 30 (2.52%) Cloud Spanner
13 29 (2.44%) Power BI
14 27 (2.27%) Hadoop
15 25 (2.10%) Data Mart
16 24 (2.02%) Oracle Database
17 20 (1.68%) Apache Cassandra
17 20 (1.68%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 299 (25.13%) Git (software)
2 250 (21.01%) Jenkins
3 148 (12.44%) Maven
4 123 (10.34%) JIRA
5 95 (7.98%) JUnit
6 85 (7.14%) Cucumber
7 66 (5.55%) Selenium
8 57 (4.79%) Gradle
9 48 (4.03%) Postman
10 43 (3.61%) webpack
11 40 (3.36%) Mockito
12 39 (3.28%) GitLab
13 31 (2.61%) JMeter
14 30 (2.52%) Jasmine
14 30 (2.52%) TeamCity
15 29 (2.44%) SoapUI
16 26 (2.18%) Cypress.io
16 26 (2.18%) Xcode
17 25 (2.10%) Ant
17 25 (2.10%) Visual Studio
General
1 215 (18.07%) Finance
2 189 (15.88%) Social Skills
3 106 (8.91%) Banking
4 78 (6.55%) Public Sector
5 41 (3.45%) Analytical Skills
5 41 (3.45%) Retail
6 39 (3.28%) Investment Banking
7 38 (3.19%) Marketing
8 36 (3.03%) Front Office
9 23 (1.93%) Telecoms
10 21 (1.76%) Law
11 19 (1.60%) Games
12 16 (1.34%) Publishing
12 16 (1.34%) Retail Banking
13 15 (1.26%) Manufacturing
14 12 (1.01%) Electronics
14 12 (1.01%) Influencing Skills
15 11 (0.92%) Local Government
16 9 (0.76%) Legal
17 8 (0.67%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 765 (64.29%) Developer
2 244 (20.50%) Java Developer
3 142 (11.93%) Senior Developer
4 89 (7.48%) Architect
5 73 (6.13%) Senior Java Developer
6 72 (6.05%) Full Stack Developer
7 60 (5.04%) .NET Developer
8 58 (4.87%) React Developer
9 51 (4.29%) C# Developer
10 47 (3.95%) Lead Developer
11 46 (3.87%) Software Engineer
12 45 (3.78%) Tester
13 44 (3.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 41 (3.45%) Android Developer
15 39 (3.28%) Data Engineer
16 37 (3.11%) Java Engineer
17 35 (2.94%) Angular Developer
18 31 (2.61%) Automation Tester
19 30 (2.52%) Python Developer
20 29 (2.44%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 305 (25.63%) Web Services
2 264 (22.18%) HTML
3 259 (21.76%) Spring
4 229 (19.24%) CSS
5 205 (17.23%) .NET
6 193 (16.22%) JSON
7 190 (15.97%) AngularJS
8 189 (15.88%) Node.js
9 171 (14.37%) React
9 171 (14.37%) Spring Boot
10 135 (11.34%) XML
11 98 (8.24%) HTML5
12 96 (8.07%) REST
13 92 (7.73%) SOAP
14 87 (7.31%) .NET Core
15 78 (6.55%) Kafka
16 67 (5.63%) .NET Framework
17 63 (5.29%) Hibernate
17 63 (5.29%) jQuery
18 60 (5.04%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 79 (6.64%) User Experience
2 58 (4.87%) Mobile App
3 46 (3.87%) Greenfield Project
4 34 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
5 29 (2.44%) Cloud Native
5 29 (2.44%) Enterprise Software
6 26 (2.18%) Algorithms
7 25 (2.10%) Client/Server
7 25 (2.10%) Data Structures
8 24 (2.02%) Animation
9 22 (1.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 20 (1.68%) Equities
11 19 (1.60%) Virtual Team
12 16 (1.34%) Management Information System
13 13 (1.09%) Grid Computing
14 12 (1.01%) Derivative
14 12 (1.01%) Public Cloud
15 11 (0.92%) Fixed Income
15 11 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
16 10 (0.84%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 82 (6.89%) Unix
2 79 (6.64%) Linux
3 78 (6.55%) Android
4 60 (5.04%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.85%) Windows
6 2 (0.17%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.084%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.084%) SUSE
7 1 (0.084%) Tizen
7 1 (0.084%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.084%) webOS
7 1 (0.084%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.084%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.084%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.084%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 572 (48.07%) Agile Software Development
2 391 (32.86%) TDD
3 390 (32.77%) Microservices
4 279 (23.45%) DevOps
5 254 (21.34%) Test Automation
6 253 (21.26%) Continuous Integration
7 244 (20.50%) Scrum
8 220 (18.49%) BDD
9 168 (14.12%) Software Engineering
10 130 (10.92%) MVC
11 118 (9.92%) Unit Testing
12 103 (8.66%) Problem-Solving
13 102 (8.57%) SDLC
14 93 (7.82%) OO
15 92 (7.73%) Kanban
16 87 (7.31%) API Development
17 81 (6.81%) API Design
18 79 (6.64%) SOA
19 72 (6.05%) Front End Development
19 72 (6.05%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 568 (47.73%) Java
2 390 (32.77%) JavaScript
3 334 (28.07%) SQL
4 215 (18.07%) Python
5 194 (16.30%) C#
6 136 (11.43%) Java 8
7 96 (8.07%) TypeScript
8 91 (7.65%) Scala
9 68 (5.71%) Kotlin
10 51 (4.29%) Go
11 46 (3.87%) ES6
12 45 (3.78%) Ruby
13 44 (3.70%) PL/SQL
14 40 (3.36%) PHP
15 37 (3.11%) Shell Script
16 36 (3.03%) C++
17 32 (2.69%) Apple Swift
18 27 (2.27%) Groovy
19 26 (2.18%) Objective-C
20 19 (1.60%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 84 (7.06%) Security Cleared
2 62 (5.21%) SC Cleared
3 57 (4.79%) Degree
4 27 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.59%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.50%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
7 6 (0.50%) PhD
8 5 (0.42%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.25%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.17%) CFA
10 2 (0.17%) CISM
10 2 (0.17%) CISSP
10 2 (0.17%) PMP
10 2 (0.17%) Postgraduate
10 2 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.084%) CISA
11 1 (0.084%) CITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (8.82%) QA
2 19 (1.60%) GDPR
3 13 (1.09%) Data Quality
4 9 (0.76%) WCAG
5 6 (0.50%) ISO 20022
5 6 (0.50%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.34%) PMO
7 2 (0.17%) ISO 15022
8 1 (0.084%) COBIT
8 1 (0.084%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.084%) HL7
8 1 (0.084%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.084%) NIST
8 1 (0.084%) RMADS
8 1 (0.084%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 174 (14.62%) Docker
2 23 (1.93%) Active Directory
3 13 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.50%) OpenAM
5 5 (0.42%) OpenDJ
6 3 (0.25%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.25%) GlusterFS
7 1 (0.084%) OpenIDM
7 1 (0.084%) Postfix
7 1 (0.084%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 154 (12.94%) Kubernetes
2 45 (3.78%) Terraform
3 41 (3.45%) Ansible
4 22 (1.85%) Grafana
5 18 (1.51%) Prometheus
6 9 (0.76%) Istio
6 9 (0.76%) Kibana
7 8 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
9 5 (0.42%) Puppet
9 5 (0.42%) Red Hat Satellite
9 5 (0.42%) Red Hat Spacewalk
10 4 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
10 4 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (0.34%) logstash
10 4 (0.34%) Mesos
10 4 (0.34%) Zipkin
11 3 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.25%) Marathon
11 3 (0.25%) Rancher
Vendors
1 106 (8.91%) Oracle
2 97 (8.15%) Microsoft
3 90 (7.56%) Google
4 34 (2.86%) MuleSoft
5 27 (2.27%) SAP
6 25 (2.10%) Salesforce.com
7 23 (1.93%) IBM
8 15 (1.26%) Splunk
9 14 (1.18%) Atlassian
10 12 (1.01%) hybris
11 11 (0.92%) Xamarin
12 10 (0.84%) Adobe
13 9 (0.76%) Xerox
14 8 (0.67%) Red Hat
14 8 (0.67%) Serena
14 8 (0.67%) Talend
15 7 (0.59%) AppDynamics
15 7 (0.59%) CA
15 7 (0.59%) CA Agile Central
16 6 (0.50%) Databricks