Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 101 97 80
Rank change year-on-year -4 -17 -9
Contract jobs citing RESTful 828 1,978 3,240
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.28% 2.43% 3.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.45% 7.97% 9.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 759 1,388 2,434
Median daily rate £475 £488 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.56% - +2.63%
10th Percentile £340 £350 £360
90th Percentile £617 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 16 11
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.41% -17.78% -7.69%
10th Percentile £29.69 £25.50 £35.00
90th Percentile £55.00 £122.50 £100.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.75 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +25.00% - -28.21%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 11,112 24,809 36,005
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.57% 30.42% 34.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,314 17,156 25,428
Median daily rate £480 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.03% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £332 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -2.80% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 165 286 312
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.67% +1.20% +3.75%
10th Percentile £25.29 £19.80 £17.00
90th Percentile £61.72 £78.13 £60.00
Median hourly rate £40.25 £41.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year -3.01% - +1.22%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 720 £475 -4.04% 478
London -21 392 £525 - 160
UK excluding London -2 330 £450 - 352
Work from Home -17 228 £450 -10.00% 112
South East +52 116 £463 +2.78% 74
North of England -10 70 £425 -5.56% 115
Midlands +5 57 £400 -11.11% 40
West Midlands +16 38 £418 -11.98% 25
North West +10 35 £375 -16.67% 57
South West +12 32 £500 +14.29% 49
Northern Ireland +31 25 £450 +4.41% 4
East of England +53 24 £425 -5.03% 39
Yorkshire -17 24 £515 +14.44% 39
East Midlands 0 14 £360 -4.00% 15
North East +37 11 £425 +6.25% 19
Scotland -32 5 £356 -20.83% 22
Wales +27 1 £363 -30.95% 10

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RESTful.

1 425 (51.33%) Agile Software Development
2 359 (43.36%) Java
3 285 (34.42%) JavaScript
4 239 (28.86%) Web Services
4 239 (28.86%) Microservices
5 230 (27.78%) AWS
6 209 (25.24%) TDD
7 200 (24.15%) Git (software)
8 196 (23.67%) HTML
9 195 (23.55%) Jenkins
10 193 (23.31%) DevOps
11 184 (22.22%) Azure
12 183 (22.10%) Spring
13 181 (21.86%) JSON
14 169 (20.41%) Python
15 168 (20.29%) CSS
16 163 (19.69%) Docker
17 161 (19.44%) SQL
18 153 (18.48%) React
19 148 (17.87%) C#
20 145 (17.51%) Continuous Integration
21 144 (17.39%) Scrum
22 133 (16.06%) AngularJS
23 131 (15.82%) Node.js
23 131 (15.82%) Test Automation
24 129 (15.58%) .NET
25 122 (14.73%) BDD
26 119 (14.37%) Kubernetes
27 117 (14.13%) XML
27 117 (14.13%) SOAP

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (6.64%) Confluence
2 42 (5.07%) Apache
3 34 (4.11%) Red Hat Fuse
4 32 (3.86%) WebSphere
5 27 (3.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 20 (2.42%) Mule
7 19 (2.29%) Oracle Service Bus
8 17 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
9 15 (1.81%) BizTalk Server
10 14 (1.69%) Tomcat
11 12 (1.45%) JBoss
11 12 (1.45%) SharePoint
11 12 (1.45%) WebLogic
12 11 (1.33%) Cloud Foundry
13 10 (1.21%) Apache ServiceMix
14 9 (1.09%) Apache Airflow
14 9 (1.09%) Apache Spark
15 3 (0.36%) Jadu
15 3 (0.36%) MQSeries
15 3 (0.36%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 11 (1.33%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.48%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.48%) Sketch
4 3 (0.36%) Adobe Premiere
5 2 (0.24%) LaTeX
6 1 (0.12%) InVision
6 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.12%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 10 (1.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.72%) Lawson
3 4 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.36%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.24%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 2 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.12%) BambooHR
6 1 (0.12%) Magento
6 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.12%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 230 (27.78%) AWS
2 184 (22.22%) Azure
3 103 (12.44%) GitHub
4 47 (5.68%) GCP
5 39 (4.71%) Serverless
6 31 (3.74%) AWS Lambda
7 29 (3.50%) Amazon ECS
7 29 (3.50%) PaaS
8 25 (3.02%) Boomi
9 23 (2.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 21 (2.54%) Amazon EC2
11 20 (2.42%) Amazon S3
12 18 (2.17%) IaaS
13 17 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
13 17 (2.05%) npm
14 15 (1.81%) Apigee
15 14 (1.69%) Amazon SQS
15 14 (1.69%) AWS Fargate
15 14 (1.69%) Slack
16 13 (1.57%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 67 (8.09%) HTTP
2 21 (2.54%) Firewall
3 19 (2.29%) VLAN
4 18 (2.17%) Reverse Proxy
4 18 (2.17%) SNMP
5 11 (1.33%) Internet
6 6 (0.72%) SSL
7 5 (0.60%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.60%) TCP/IP
8 3 (0.36%) DNS
8 3 (0.36%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.24%) DHCP
9 2 (0.24%) FTP
10 1 (0.12%) 3GPP
10 1 (0.12%) Bluetooth
10 1 (0.12%) Ethernet
10 1 (0.12%) Intranet
10 1 (0.12%) IPsec
10 1 (0.12%) IPv4
10 1 (0.12%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (12.32%) SQL Server
2 88 (10.63%) MongoDB
3 77 (9.30%) PostgreSQL
4 73 (8.82%) NoSQL
5 59 (7.13%) MySQL
6 30 (3.62%) Relational Database
7 25 (3.02%) Amazon RDS
8 24 (2.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 19 (2.29%) Big Data
10 18 (2.17%) Redis
11 17 (2.05%) Data Warehouse
12 13 (1.57%) Apache Cassandra
12 13 (1.57%) BigQuery
13 12 (1.45%) Cosmos DB
14 11 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 10 (1.21%) Bigtable
15 10 (1.21%) Cloud Spanner
15 10 (1.21%) Data Mart
16 9 (1.09%) Power BI
16 9 (1.09%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 200 (24.15%) Git (software)
2 195 (23.55%) Jenkins
3 105 (12.68%) JIRA
4 91 (10.99%) Maven
5 73 (8.82%) JUnit
6 57 (6.88%) Gradle
7 50 (6.04%) GitLab
8 49 (5.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 42 (5.07%) Mockito
10 41 (4.95%) Selenium
11 40 (4.83%) Cucumber
12 37 (4.47%) JMeter
13 36 (4.35%) Bitbucket
14 34 (4.11%) webpack
15 28 (3.38%) Team Foundation Server
16 27 (3.26%) SonarQube
17 26 (3.14%) NUnit
17 26 (3.14%) Postman
18 23 (2.78%) Cypress.io
18 23 (2.78%) SpecFlow
General
1 113 (13.65%) Finance
2 90 (10.87%) Public Sector
3 46 (5.56%) Telecoms
4 44 (5.31%) Marketing
5 40 (4.83%) Manufacturing
6 36 (4.35%) Banking
6 36 (4.35%) Electronics
7 20 (2.42%) Front Office
8 14 (1.69%) Games
9 11 (1.33%) Investment Banking
10 9 (1.09%) Legal
11 7 (0.85%) Law
11 7 (0.85%) Publishing
12 6 (0.72%) German Language
12 6 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
13 4 (0.48%) Advertising
13 4 (0.48%) Retail
14 3 (0.36%) Police
14 3 (0.36%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.24%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 508 (61.35%) Developer
2 159 (19.20%) Java Developer
3 73 (8.82%) Full Stack Developer
4 70 (8.45%) Architect
4 70 (8.45%) Senior Developer
5 66 (7.97%) .NET Developer
6 63 (7.61%) React Developer
7 45 (5.43%) JavaScript Developer
8 42 (5.07%) C# Developer
8 42 (5.07%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 39 (4.71%) Integration Developer
10 37 (4.47%) Senior Java Developer
11 35 (4.23%) Java Engineer
12 29 (3.50%) DevOps Engineer
12 29 (3.50%) Python Developer
13 28 (3.38%) Software Engineer
14 25 (3.02%) Angular Developer
14 25 (3.02%) Azure Developer
14 25 (3.02%) Node.js Developer
15 22 (2.66%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 239 (28.86%) Web Services
2 196 (23.67%) HTML
3 183 (22.10%) Spring
4 181 (21.86%) JSON
5 168 (20.29%) CSS
6 153 (18.48%) React
7 133 (16.06%) AngularJS
8 131 (15.82%) Node.js
9 129 (15.58%) .NET
10 117 (14.13%) SOAP
10 117 (14.13%) XML
11 99 (11.96%) Spring Boot
12 85 (10.27%) HTML5
13 71 (8.57%) Kafka
14 65 (7.85%) ASP.NET
14 65 (7.85%) Middleware
15 60 (7.25%) REST
16 56 (6.76%) Swagger
17 53 (6.40%) Redux
18 49 (5.92%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 97 (11.71%) User Experience
2 45 (5.43%) Mobile App
3 33 (3.99%) Enterprise Software
4 27 (3.26%) Data Structures
5 21 (2.54%) Public Cloud
6 20 (2.42%) Analytical Skills
7 16 (1.93%) Cloud Native
7 16 (1.93%) Greenfield Project
7 16 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
8 14 (1.69%) Animation
8 14 (1.69%) Management Information System
8 14 (1.69%) Mobile Payment
9 9 (1.09%) Derivative
9 9 (1.09%) Robotics
10 8 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
11 7 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 7 (0.85%) N-Tier
12 6 (0.72%) Equities
12 6 (0.72%) Fixed Income
12 6 (0.72%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 109 (13.16%) Linux
2 50 (6.04%) Windows
3 42 (5.07%) Android
3 42 (5.07%) Apple iOS
4 24 (2.90%) Unix
4 24 (2.90%) Windows Server 2016
5 23 (2.78%) Windows Server
6 21 (2.54%) CentOS
7 19 (2.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 18 (2.17%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.60%) Solaris
10 4 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.36%) AIX
11 3 (0.36%) Debian
11 3 (0.36%) Fedora
11 3 (0.36%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.24%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.12%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 425 (51.33%) Agile Software Development
2 239 (28.86%) Microservices
3 209 (25.24%) TDD
4 193 (23.31%) DevOps
5 145 (17.51%) Continuous Integration
6 144 (17.39%) Scrum
7 131 (15.82%) Test Automation
8 122 (14.73%) BDD
9 92 (11.11%) Software Engineering
9 92 (11.11%) Unit Testing
10 83 (10.02%) SDLC
11 81 (9.78%) SOA
12 77 (9.30%) Problem-Solving
13 76 (9.18%) OO
14 73 (8.82%) Business Intelligence
15 66 (7.97%) Open Source
16 58 (7.00%) MVC
17 57 (6.88%) Computer Science
18 53 (6.40%) Web Development
19 51 (6.16%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 359 (43.36%) Java
2 285 (34.42%) JavaScript
3 169 (20.41%) Python
4 161 (19.44%) SQL
5 148 (17.87%) C#
6 90 (10.87%) Java 8
7 62 (7.49%) Kotlin
8 52 (6.28%) ES6
9 42 (5.07%) TypeScript
10 40 (4.83%) Scala
11 39 (4.71%) Go
12 36 (4.35%) Bash Shell
13 32 (3.86%) XPath
14 31 (3.74%) PowerShell
15 19 (2.29%) PHP
16 17 (2.05%) Apple Swift
17 16 (1.93%) Groovy
17 16 (1.93%) PL/SQL
18 15 (1.81%) Ruby
19 14 (1.69%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 104 (12.56%) Security Cleared
2 81 (9.78%) SC Cleared
3 55 (6.64%) Degree
4 22 (2.66%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.85%) AWS Certification
7 6 (0.72%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.72%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 4 (0.48%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.48%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.36%) PhD
11 2 (0.24%) CISM
11 2 (0.24%) CISSP
11 2 (0.24%) GIAC
11 2 (0.24%) SANS
12 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.12%) ISEB
12 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (4.59%) QA
2 9 (1.09%) GDPR
3 5 (0.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (0.36%) GxP
5 2 (0.24%) HIPAA
5 2 (0.24%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.24%) RMADS
6 1 (0.12%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.12%) PMO
6 1 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 163 (19.69%) Docker
2 21 (2.54%) GlusterFS
3 20 (2.42%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (2.42%) vSphere
4 13 (1.57%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.60%) Postfix
6 3 (0.36%) NFS
7 2 (0.24%) vCloud
8 1 (0.12%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 1 (0.12%) HDFS
8 1 (0.12%) NDS
8 1 (0.12%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 119 (14.37%) Kubernetes
2 84 (10.14%) Terraform
3 65 (7.85%) Ansible
4 52 (6.28%) Prometheus
5 45 (5.43%) Grafana
6 23 (2.78%) Packer
7 22 (2.66%) Puppet
8 21 (2.54%) Opscode Chef
9 20 (2.42%) Single Sign-On
9 20 (2.42%) ZABBIX
10 5 (0.60%) Kibana
10 5 (0.60%) Zipkin
11 2 (0.24%) logstash
11 2 (0.24%) Mesos
11 2 (0.24%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Satellite
12 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Spacewalk
12 1 (0.12%) SCCM
12 1 (0.12%) SCOM
12 1 (0.12%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 85 (10.27%) Oracle
2 63 (7.61%) SAP
3 56 (6.76%) Microsoft
4 50 (6.04%) Atlassian
5 39 (4.71%) Dell
6 32 (3.86%) Red Hat
7 31 (3.74%) Google
8 26 (3.14%) MuleSoft
8 26 (3.14%) Splunk
9 22 (2.66%) VMware
10 21 (2.54%) Talend
11 19 (2.29%) WSO2
12 18 (2.17%) EMC
13 17 (2.05%) TIBCO
14 15 (1.81%) IBM
15 14 (1.69%) Axway
15 14 (1.69%) webMethods
16 13 (1.57%) Apple
16 13 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
17 10 (1.21%) Bloomberg