Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 106 93 78
Rank change year-on-year -13 -15 -5
Contract jobs citing RESTful 1,071 1,654 3,073
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.23% 2.49% 3.13%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.32% 8.26% 9.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,062 1,202 2,271
Median daily rate £500 £475 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £325 £344 £363
90th Percentile £663 £613 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 8 23
Median hourly rate £40.00 £48.85 £48.40
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.12% +0.93% +1.89%
10th Percentile £25.50 £16.00 £24.13
90th Percentile £56.80 £66.35 £64.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £16.00 £48.40
% change year-on-year +150.00% -66.94% +1.89%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,633 20,026 32,900
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.44% 30.10% 33.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,311 14,079 23,463
Median daily rate £488 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% +2.56% +4.84%
10th Percentile £325 £330 £325
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £433
% change year-on-year -5.56% +3.93% +8.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 186 178 262
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +11.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £24.50 £19.44 £17.55
90th Percentile £63.50 £78.75 £60.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the UK over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 851 £500 +3.09% 663
London -27 500 £525 +5.00% 249
Work from Home -15 387 £500 +3.90% 200
UK excluding London -9 361 £425 -5.56% 455
South East +30 116 £425 -2.86% 110
North of England -17 73 £450 - 136
Midlands +4 72 £404 -10.28% 61
West Midlands +11 51 £405 -14.74% 32
Scotland -24 41 £425 -10.53% 28
North West -5 37 £465 +9.41% 71
South West -16 27 £413 -8.33% 58
Yorkshire -21 22 £381 -15.28% 37
East of England +29 19 £450 - 46
North East +25 14 £438 +12.90% 28
Northern Ireland +16 7 £450 +4.41% 7
East Midlands -6 7 £380 +26.46% 28
Wales +6 5 £500 +2.56% 9
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RESTful.

1 549 (51.26%) Agile Software Development
2 505 (47.15%) Java
3 345 (32.21%) JavaScript
3 345 (32.21%) Microservices
4 315 (29.41%) TDD
5 289 (26.98%) Web Services
6 281 (26.24%) AWS
7 278 (25.96%) Git (software)
8 268 (25.02%) SQL
9 253 (23.62%) DevOps
10 229 (21.38%) Jenkins
11 227 (21.20%) HTML
11 227 (21.20%) Spring
12 224 (20.92%) Azure
13 220 (20.54%) JSON
14 219 (20.45%) Continuous Integration
15 214 (19.98%) CSS
16 211 (19.70%) Python
17 193 (18.02%) Test Automation
18 190 (17.74%) BDD
19 189 (17.65%) Docker
20 186 (17.37%) Finance
21 180 (16.81%) Scrum
22 177 (16.53%) React
23 173 (16.15%) .NET
24 165 (15.41%) C#
25 164 (15.31%) Node.js
26 156 (14.57%) XML
27 154 (14.38%) Kubernetes
28 136 (12.70%) Software Engineering

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (5.60%) Confluence
2 52 (4.86%) Apache
3 43 (4.01%) WebSphere
4 29 (2.71%) Red Hat Fuse
5 27 (2.52%) Tomcat
6 22 (2.05%) Mule
7 19 (1.77%) CMS
7 19 (1.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 19 (1.77%) WebLogic
8 16 (1.49%) Apache Airflow
9 15 (1.40%) Apache Spark
10 14 (1.31%) Cloud Foundry
11 13 (1.21%) Elasticsearch
11 13 (1.21%) Jadu
11 13 (1.21%) Oracle Service Bus
12 12 (1.12%) BizTalk Server
12 12 (1.12%) JBoss
13 10 (0.93%) Apache ServiceMix
13 10 (0.93%) Jetty
13 10 (0.93%) SharePoint
Applications
1 17 (1.59%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
3 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.28%) Sketch
4 2 (0.19%) Adobe Premiere
4 2 (0.19%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.093%) InVision
5 1 (0.093%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 6 (0.56%) thinkFolio
2 4 (0.37%) Magento
2 4 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.19%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 2 (0.19%) RMDS
3 2 (0.19%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.093%) BambooHR
4 1 (0.093%) Lawson
4 1 (0.093%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.093%) Northgate Housing
4 1 (0.093%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.093%) Shopify
4 1 (0.093%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 281 (26.24%) AWS
2 224 (20.92%) Azure
3 104 (9.71%) GitHub
4 80 (7.47%) Serverless
5 78 (7.28%) GCP
6 47 (4.39%) AWS Lambda
7 32 (2.99%) PaaS
8 30 (2.80%) Amazon ECS
9 25 (2.33%) OpenShift
10 24 (2.24%) Power Platform
11 23 (2.15%) SaaS
12 22 (2.05%) npm
13 21 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
14 20 (1.87%) IaaS
15 18 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
15 18 (1.68%) Azure Functions
16 17 (1.59%) Amazon S3
17 16 (1.49%) Logic Apps
18 15 (1.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 15 (1.40%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 72 (6.72%) HTTP
2 19 (1.77%) Firewall
3 13 (1.21%) Reverse Proxy
4 12 (1.12%) SNMP
4 12 (1.12%) SSL
4 12 (1.12%) VLAN
5 10 (0.93%) Internet
6 9 (0.84%) DNS
7 8 (0.75%) TCP/IP
8 6 (0.56%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.47%) HTTPS
9 5 (0.47%) SSH
10 4 (0.37%) SMTP
10 4 (0.37%) VPN
11 2 (0.19%) 5G
11 2 (0.19%) DMZ
11 2 (0.19%) FTP
11 2 (0.19%) Wireless
12 1 (0.093%) Intranet
12 1 (0.093%) RTMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 127 (11.86%) NoSQL
2 93 (8.68%) PostgreSQL
3 87 (8.12%) SQL Server
4 77 (7.19%) MongoDB
5 55 (5.14%) Relational Database
6 51 (4.76%) MySQL
7 43 (4.01%) Data Warehouse
8 37 (3.45%) BigQuery
9 36 (3.36%) Big Data
10 32 (2.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 32 (2.99%) Bigtable
10 32 (2.99%) Cloud Spanner
11 31 (2.89%) Redis
12 28 (2.61%) Data Mart
13 26 (2.43%) RDBMS
14 25 (2.33%) Cosmos DB
15 21 (1.96%) SQLite
16 19 (1.77%) Power BI
17 15 (1.40%) Amazon RDS
17 15 (1.40%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 278 (25.96%) Git (software)
2 229 (21.38%) Jenkins
3 134 (12.51%) JIRA
4 116 (10.83%) Maven
5 80 (7.47%) JUnit
6 56 (5.23%) Cucumber
7 54 (5.04%) Gradle
7 54 (5.04%) webpack
8 50 (4.67%) Selenium
9 49 (4.58%) GitLab
10 44 (4.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 44 (4.11%) Mockito
11 39 (3.64%) JMeter
12 33 (3.08%) Postman
13 31 (2.89%) Bitbucket
14 30 (2.80%) Ant
15 27 (2.52%) Vagrant
16 24 (2.24%) FishEye
17 23 (2.15%) Cypress.io
17 23 (2.15%) SoapUI
General
1 186 (17.37%) Finance
2 90 (8.40%) Public Sector
3 62 (5.79%) Banking
4 47 (4.39%) Marketing
5 45 (4.20%) Telecoms
6 34 (3.17%) Manufacturing
7 33 (3.08%) Electronics
7 33 (3.08%) Front Office
8 26 (2.43%) Retail
9 21 (1.96%) Games
10 20 (1.87%) Investment Banking
10 20 (1.87%) Law
11 13 (1.21%) Local Government
12 12 (1.12%) Retail Banking
13 11 (1.03%) Publishing
14 10 (0.93%) Legal
15 9 (0.84%) German Language
16 6 (0.56%) Advertising
17 5 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
18 4 (0.37%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 658 (61.44%) Developer
2 235 (21.94%) Java Developer
3 118 (11.02%) Senior Developer
4 77 (7.19%) Architect
5 71 (6.63%) Full Stack Developer
6 64 (5.98%) React Developer
7 61 (5.70%) Senior Java Developer
8 54 (5.04%) .NET Developer
9 47 (4.39%) C# Developer
10 44 (4.11%) Software Engineer
11 43 (4.01%) Java Engineer
12 39 (3.64%) Integration Developer
13 38 (3.55%) Data Engineer
14 33 (3.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 33 (3.08%) Lead Developer
15 32 (2.99%) Android Developer
15 32 (2.99%) JavaScript Developer
16 31 (2.89%) C# .NET Developer
16 31 (2.89%) Software Developer
17 30 (2.80%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 289 (26.98%) Web Services
2 227 (21.20%) HTML
2 227 (21.20%) Spring
3 220 (20.54%) JSON
4 214 (19.98%) CSS
5 177 (16.53%) React
6 173 (16.15%) .NET
7 164 (15.31%) Node.js
8 156 (14.57%) XML
9 130 (12.14%) AngularJS
9 130 (12.14%) Spring Boot
10 125 (11.67%) SOAP
11 104 (9.71%) HTML5
12 80 (7.47%) REST
13 78 (7.28%) .NET Core
14 70 (6.54%) Kafka
15 67 (6.26%) Redux
16 55 (5.14%) Middleware
17 46 (4.30%) CSS3
18 44 (4.11%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 88 (8.22%) User Experience
2 61 (5.70%) Mobile App
3 39 (3.64%) Enterprise Software
4 33 (3.08%) Greenfield Project
5 32 (2.99%) Data Structures
6 30 (2.80%) Cloud Native
7 29 (2.71%) Analytical Skills
8 24 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
9 19 (1.77%) Equities
10 16 (1.49%) Virtual Team
11 15 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 15 (1.40%) Mobile Payment
11 15 (1.40%) Social Media
12 14 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
13 12 (1.12%) Algorithms
13 12 (1.12%) Management Information System
14 10 (0.93%) Animation
14 10 (0.93%) Public Cloud
15 9 (0.84%) Hedge funds
16 8 (0.75%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 105 (9.80%) Linux
2 65 (6.07%) Android
2 65 (6.07%) Unix
3 41 (3.83%) Apple iOS
4 33 (3.08%) Windows
5 14 (1.31%) Windows Server
5 14 (1.31%) Windows Server 2016
6 13 (1.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (1.21%) Windows 10
7 12 (1.12%) CentOS
8 4 (0.37%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.19%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.093%) AIX
10 1 (0.093%) Solaris
10 1 (0.093%) SUSE
10 1 (0.093%) Tizen
10 1 (0.093%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 549 (51.26%) Agile Software Development
2 345 (32.21%) Microservices
3 315 (29.41%) TDD
4 253 (23.62%) DevOps
5 219 (20.45%) Continuous Integration
6 193 (18.02%) Test Automation
7 190 (17.74%) BDD
8 180 (16.81%) Scrum
9 136 (12.70%) Software Engineering
10 107 (9.99%) SDLC
10 107 (9.99%) Unit Testing
11 92 (8.59%) OO
12 85 (7.94%) MVC
13 84 (7.84%) Problem-Solving
14 80 (7.47%) SOA
15 75 (7.00%) Business Intelligence
16 73 (6.82%) API Development
17 67 (6.26%) Kanban
18 66 (6.16%) API Design
19 65 (6.07%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 505 (47.15%) Java
2 345 (32.21%) JavaScript
3 268 (25.02%) SQL
4 211 (19.70%) Python
5 165 (15.41%) C#
6 124 (11.58%) Java 8
7 86 (8.03%) Kotlin
8 71 (6.63%) TypeScript
9 58 (5.42%) Scala
10 54 (5.04%) Go
11 41 (3.83%) ES6
12 36 (3.36%) PHP
13 35 (3.27%) PowerShell
14 32 (2.99%) PL/SQL
15 31 (2.89%) Bash Shell
16 30 (2.80%) Ruby
17 29 (2.71%) XPath
18 28 (2.61%) C++
18 28 (2.61%) Shell Script
19 17 (1.59%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 104 (9.71%) Security Cleared
2 79 (7.38%) SC Cleared
3 64 (5.98%) Degree
4 30 (2.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (0.65%) DV Cleared
6 5 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.47%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.37%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.37%) CISM
7 4 (0.37%) CISSP
7 4 (0.37%) PhD
8 3 (0.28%) GIAC
8 3 (0.28%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.28%) SANS
9 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.19%) PMP
10 1 (0.093%) CISA
10 1 (0.093%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (6.26%) QA
2 17 (1.59%) GDPR
3 8 (0.75%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.47%) PCI DSS
4 5 (0.47%) WCAG
5 4 (0.37%) PMO
5 4 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (0.28%) HIPAA
6 3 (0.28%) RMADS
7 1 (0.093%) COBIT
7 1 (0.093%) GxP
7 1 (0.093%) HL7
7 1 (0.093%) ISO 15022
7 1 (0.093%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.093%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.093%) NIST
System Software
1 189 (17.65%) Docker
2 24 (2.24%) GlusterFS
3 12 (1.12%) Active Directory
3 12 (1.12%) VMware Infrastructure
3 12 (1.12%) vSphere
4 5 (0.47%) OpenAM
4 5 (0.47%) OpenDJ
5 3 (0.28%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.19%) Postfix
6 2 (0.19%) vCloud
7 1 (0.093%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 1 (0.093%) OpenIDM
7 1 (0.093%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 154 (14.38%) Kubernetes
2 72 (6.72%) Terraform
3 59 (5.51%) Ansible
4 48 (4.48%) Prometheus
5 41 (3.83%) Grafana
6 26 (2.43%) Single Sign-On
7 22 (2.05%) Opscode Chef
8 19 (1.77%) Puppet
9 14 (1.31%) ZABBIX
10 12 (1.12%) Packer
11 7 (0.65%) Istio
12 6 (0.56%) Zipkin
13 5 (0.47%) Mesos
14 4 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
15 3 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
15 3 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
15 3 (0.28%) Marathon
15 3 (0.28%) Rancher
16 2 (0.19%) Red Hat Satellite
16 2 (0.19%) Red Hat Spacewalk
Vendors
1 94 (8.78%) Oracle
2 76 (7.10%) Microsoft
3 70 (6.54%) Google
4 51 (4.76%) Atlassian
5 40 (3.73%) SAP
6 33 (3.08%) MuleSoft
7 24 (2.24%) Splunk
8 23 (2.15%) Dell
9 21 (1.96%) IBM
9 21 (1.96%) Talend
10 20 (1.87%) TIBCO
11 18 (1.68%) Red Hat
12 16 (1.49%) webMethods
13 15 (1.40%) VMware
14 14 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
15 13 (1.21%) WSO2
16 12 (1.12%) Axway
16 12 (1.12%) EMC
17 10 (0.93%) Fiorano
17 10 (0.93%) Jitterbit