Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 127 116 105
Rank change year-on-year -11 -11 -23
Contract jobs citing RESTful 1,819 1,471 949
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.04% 2.24% 2.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.58% 7.33% 7.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,251 989 699
10th Percentile £398 £356 £350
25th Percentile £456 £419 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £551
90th Percentile £744 £700 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 20 7
10th Percentile £40.28 £31.35 £59.20
25th Percentile £50.63 £38.81 £60.50
Median hourly rate £62.88 £45.13 £62.00
Median % change year-on-year +39.34% -27.22% +1.39%
75th Percentile £67.88 £55.00 £66.25
90th Percentile £75.20 £66.20 £69.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £63.25 £41.00 £58.00
% change year-on-year +54.27% -29.31% +0.87%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,996 20,055 12,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.97% 30.48% 30.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,613 14,283 8,899
10th Percentile £400 £350 £333
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £671 £600 £588
90th Percentile £763 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £504 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.89% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 195 112
10th Percentile £20.25 £20.01 £20.16
25th Percentile £35.00 £29.00 £31.11
Median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.50
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -1.10% +1.21%
75th Percentile £65.75 £57.50 £57.50
90th Percentile £75.39 £66.30 £66.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £41.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year +33.33% -8.33% +2.48%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -13 1,503 £550 +10.00% 396
Work from Home +11 1,006 £525 +6.06% 214
London -23 871 £600 +9.09% 196
UK excluding London +1 582 £495 +10.00% 223
South East -18 157 £488 +10.05% 48
Midlands +33 143 £531 +26.87% 42
North of England -22 142 £468 -2.09% 64
West Midlands +29 114 £540 +30.91% 22
North West -30 70 £494 +2.86% 32
Scotland -11 57 £513 +8.18% 21
Yorkshire +2 52 £450 +18.03% 26
South West 0 43 £528 +17.22% 25
East Midlands +13 29 £500 +19.40% 20
East of England -36 28 £475 +3.26% 16
North East -12 20 £448 -10.50% 6
Wales -3 10 £485 +7.78% 7
Northern Ireland +3 6 £508 +18.02%

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RESTful.

1 1,043 (57.34%) Agile
2 803 (44.15%) Java
3 651 (35.79%) JavaScript
4 629 (34.58%) Microservices
5 574 (31.56%) Git (software)
6 528 (29.03%) DevOps
7 505 (27.76%) Azure
7 505 (27.76%) CI/CD
8 498 (27.38%) SQL
9 450 (24.74%) Spring
10 431 (23.69%) Test Automation
11 419 (23.03%) Web Services
12 418 (22.98%) TDD
13 409 (22.48%) HTML
14 405 (22.26%) CSS
15 404 (22.21%) Docker
16 399 (21.94%) Jenkins
17 377 (20.73%) React
18 365 (20.07%) Scrum
19 363 (19.96%) Social Skills
20 349 (19.19%) C#
21 340 (18.69%) AWS
21 340 (18.69%) Kubernetes
22 325 (17.87%) Finance
23 323 (17.76%) .NET
24 312 (17.15%) Continuous Integration
25 294 (16.16%) Spring Boot
26 284 (15.61%) Python
27 263 (14.46%) SQL Server
28 258 (14.18%) JIRA

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (7.81%) Confluence
2 33 (1.81%) Tomcat
3 31 (1.70%) Apache
4 27 (1.48%) CMS
5 26 (1.43%) Apache Spark
6 23 (1.26%) WebSphere
7 18 (0.99%) SharePoint
8 17 (0.93%) Umbraco
9 16 (0.88%) JBoss
10 13 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 13 (0.71%) nginx
10 13 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 12 (0.66%) OpenStack
12 9 (0.49%) Apache Solr
12 9 (0.49%) IIS
12 9 (0.49%) Mule
12 9 (0.49%) OpenEdge
13 8 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
14 7 (0.38%) SAS
14 7 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 8 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
2 4 (0.22%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.16%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.055%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.055%) InVision
5 1 (0.055%) Oracle Smart View
5 1 (0.055%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 13 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
1 13 (0.71%) Payment Gateway
2 10 (0.55%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.27%) SAP BPC
3 5 (0.27%) SAP CO
3 5 (0.27%) SAP FI
3 5 (0.27%) SAP FI/CO
4 4 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.16%) Magento
5 3 (0.16%) Maximo
5 3 (0.16%) Shopify
6 2 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.11%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.11%) SAP HR
6 2 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.055%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.055%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.055%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.055%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 505 (27.76%) Azure
2 340 (18.69%) AWS
3 132 (7.26%) GitHub
4 130 (7.15%) GCP
5 128 (7.04%) Azure DevOps
6 106 (5.83%) Serverless
7 65 (3.57%) npm
8 58 (3.19%) Amazon S3
9 56 (3.08%) AWS Lambda
10 43 (2.36%) Amazon EC2
10 43 (2.36%) PaaS
10 43 (2.36%) SaaS
11 40 (2.20%) Power Platform
12 39 (2.14%) AWS CloudFormation
13 33 (1.81%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 32 (1.76%) Pulumi
15 29 (1.59%) Azure Functions
16 28 (1.54%) Amazon EKS
16 28 (1.54%) Google Kubernetes Engine
17 25 (1.37%) Azure AKS
Communications & Networking
1 77 (4.23%) HTTP
2 34 (1.87%) Network Security
3 29 (1.59%) HTTPS
4 28 (1.54%) Internet
5 23 (1.26%) NAS
5 23 (1.26%) SAN
6 21 (1.15%) DNS
7 17 (0.93%) Ethernet
7 17 (0.93%) VLAN
8 15 (0.82%) TCP/IP
9 13 (0.71%) VPN
10 12 (0.66%) SSL
11 11 (0.60%) Wireless
12 9 (0.49%) Firewall
12 9 (0.49%) IPv6
12 9 (0.49%) MQTT
13 8 (0.44%) Bluetooth
13 8 (0.44%) DHCP
13 8 (0.44%) IPv4
13 8 (0.44%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 263 (14.46%) SQL Server
2 244 (13.41%) NoSQL
3 168 (9.24%) MongoDB
4 138 (7.59%) PostgreSQL
5 100 (5.50%) MySQL
6 96 (5.28%) Relational Database
7 71 (3.90%) Redis
8 46 (2.53%) DB2
9 39 (2.14%) Elasticsearch
10 38 (2.09%) DynamoDB
11 35 (1.92%) Amazon RDS
12 32 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
13 27 (1.48%) Oracle Database
14 24 (1.32%) Azure SQL Database
14 24 (1.32%) Power BI
15 18 (0.99%) Big Data
16 16 (0.88%) Geospatial Data
16 16 (0.88%) Hadoop
17 15 (0.82%) Data Lake
17 15 (0.82%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 574 (31.56%) Git (software)
2 399 (21.94%) Jenkins
3 258 (14.18%) JIRA
4 172 (9.46%) Selenium
5 171 (9.40%) Maven
6 135 (7.42%) Cucumber
7 127 (6.98%) GitLab
8 121 (6.65%) TeamCity
9 90 (4.95%) webpack
10 79 (4.34%) Jasmine
11 77 (4.23%) NUnit
12 61 (3.35%) Bitbucket
12 61 (3.35%) JUnit
13 60 (3.30%) Gradle
14 59 (3.24%) Visual Studio
15 55 (3.02%) REST Assured
16 51 (2.80%) Cypress.io
16 51 (2.80%) Postman
17 46 (2.53%) Team Foundation Server
18 44 (2.42%) Mockito
General
1 363 (19.96%) Social Skills
2 325 (17.87%) Finance
3 199 (10.94%) Banking
4 164 (9.02%) Public Sector
5 123 (6.76%) Analytical Skills
6 85 (4.67%) Investment Banking
7 47 (2.58%) Front Office
8 38 (2.09%) Retail
9 25 (1.37%) Law
10 24 (1.32%) Legal
10 24 (1.32%) Telecoms
11 20 (1.10%) Documentation Skills
11 20 (1.10%) Police
12 19 (1.04%) Military
13 17 (0.93%) Publishing
14 16 (0.88%) Automotive
15 14 (0.77%) Influencing Skills
15 14 (0.77%) Retail Banking
16 13 (0.71%) Presentation Skills
17 12 (0.66%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 1,175 (64.60%) Developer
2 294 (16.16%) Java Developer
3 185 (10.17%) Senior Developer
4 149 (8.19%) Architect
5 131 (7.20%) React Developer
6 121 (6.65%) .NET Developer
7 105 (5.77%) Full Stack Developer
8 95 (5.22%) Software Engineer
9 84 (4.62%) Software Developer
10 82 (4.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 81 (4.45%) Solutions Architect
12 79 (4.34%) Python Developer
13 72 (3.96%) Scala Developer
14 70 (3.85%) Senior Java Developer
15 69 (3.79%) Backend Developer
16 49 (2.69%) Analyst
16 49 (2.69%) Angular Developer
17 47 (2.58%) JavaScript Developer
18 46 (2.53%) Lead Developer
19 42 (2.31%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 450 (24.74%) Spring
2 419 (23.03%) Web Services
3 409 (22.48%) HTML
4 405 (22.26%) CSS
5 377 (20.73%) React
6 323 (17.76%) .NET
7 294 (16.16%) Spring Boot
8 251 (13.80%) Node.js
9 246 (13.52%) JSON
10 214 (11.76%) AngularJS
11 193 (10.61%) HTML5
12 184 (10.12%) REST
13 173 (9.51%) XML
14 165 (9.07%) Kafka
15 150 (8.25%) SOAP
16 145 (7.97%) Redux
17 137 (7.53%) .NET Framework
18 133 (7.31%) Hibernate
19 125 (6.87%) .NET Core
20 117 (6.43%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 128 (7.04%) User Experience
2 77 (4.23%) Cloud Native
2 77 (4.23%) Virtual Team
3 70 (3.85%) Greenfield Project
4 58 (3.19%) Mobile App
5 49 (2.69%) Data Structures
6 48 (2.64%) Public Cloud
7 39 (2.14%) Algorithms
8 36 (1.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 32 (1.76%) Video Conferencing
10 31 (1.70%) Self-Motivation
11 29 (1.59%) Clustering
12 28 (1.54%) Management Information System
13 27 (1.48%) Linux Command Line
14 24 (1.32%) Analytical Mindset
15 23 (1.26%) Data Protection Act
15 23 (1.26%) Replication
16 22 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
17 21 (1.15%) Derivative
18 19 (1.04%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 179 (9.84%) Linux
2 82 (4.51%) Windows
3 58 (3.19%) Android
4 45 (2.47%) Unix
5 36 (1.98%) Apple iOS
6 32 (1.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (0.93%) VMS
8 14 (0.77%) CentOS
9 8 (0.44%) Debian
9 8 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
9 8 (0.44%) Mac OS X
10 6 (0.33%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.22%) Windows Server
12 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.11%) tvOS
13 1 (0.055%) Solaris
13 1 (0.055%) watchOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,043 (57.34%) Agile
2 629 (34.58%) Microservices
3 528 (29.03%) DevOps
4 505 (27.76%) CI/CD
5 431 (23.69%) Test Automation
6 418 (22.98%) TDD
7 365 (20.07%) Scrum
8 312 (17.15%) Continuous Integration
9 236 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
10 230 (12.64%) Software Engineering
11 216 (11.87%) Full Stack Development
12 194 (10.67%) Front End Development
13 193 (10.61%) OO
14 191 (10.50%) BDD
15 188 (10.34%) Unit Testing
16 179 (9.84%) MVC
17 170 (9.35%) API Design
18 140 (7.70%) SDLC
19 126 (6.93%) Web Development
20 122 (6.71%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 803 (44.15%) Java
2 651 (35.79%) JavaScript
3 498 (27.38%) SQL
4 349 (19.19%) C#
5 284 (15.61%) Python
6 222 (12.20%) TypeScript
7 120 (6.60%) Scala
8 70 (3.85%) ES6
9 45 (2.47%) Go
10 41 (2.25%) PowerShell
11 39 (2.14%) Groovy
12 35 (1.92%) PL/SQL
13 33 (1.81%) Ruby
14 32 (1.76%) Bash
15 31 (1.70%) C++
16 27 (1.48%) C
16 27 (1.48%) Kotlin
16 27 (1.48%) PHP
16 27 (1.48%) T-SQL
17 24 (1.32%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 188 (10.34%) Security Cleared
2 151 (8.30%) SC Cleared
3 92 (5.06%) Degree
4 44 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (1.43%) BPSS Clearance
6 14 (0.77%) AWS Certification
6 14 (0.77%) DV Cleared
7 8 (0.44%) CCNA
7 8 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
8 5 (0.27%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.22%) CISSP
9 4 (0.22%) HNC
9 4 (0.22%) HND
9 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
9 4 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
10 3 (0.16%) CISM
10 3 (0.16%) CRISC
10 3 (0.16%) PhD
11 1 (0.055%) CISA
11 1 (0.055%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 153 (8.41%) QA
2 88 (4.84%) Accessibility
3 19 (1.04%) WCAG
4 14 (0.77%) GDPR
5 6 (0.33%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.22%) DICOM
6 4 (0.22%) HL7
6 4 (0.22%) PMO
6 4 (0.22%) SLA
7 3 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.16%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.16%) SEPA
8 2 (0.11%) FedRAMP
8 2 (0.11%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 404 (22.21%) Docker
2 39 (2.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (1.65%) Hyper-V
4 24 (1.32%) Active Directory
5 23 (1.26%) Veritas Cluster Server
5 23 (1.26%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 11 (0.60%) KVM
7 9 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.44%) iptables
8 8 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
8 8 (0.44%) Xen
9 6 (0.33%) etcd
10 4 (0.22%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.22%) vSphere
11 3 (0.16%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.16%) GridGain
12 1 (0.055%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 1 (0.055%) zsh
Systems Management
1 340 (18.69%) Kubernetes
2 115 (6.32%) Terraform
3 92 (5.06%) Ansible
4 48 (2.64%) Puppet
5 25 (1.37%) Grafana
6 18 (0.99%) Opscode Chef
7 17 (0.93%) Kibana
8 13 (0.71%) logstash
9 12 (0.66%) Prometheus
10 10 (0.55%) Istio
11 9 (0.49%) Consul
12 7 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
12 7 (0.38%) Salt
13 6 (0.33%) CA Service Virtualization
14 5 (0.27%) CloudForms
14 5 (0.27%) HP Fortify
14 5 (0.27%) Packer
14 5 (0.27%) vRealize
15 4 (0.22%) Active Directory Federation Services
16 3 (0.16%) Nagios
Vendors
1 213 (11.71%) Oracle
2 150 (8.25%) Microsoft
3 73 (4.01%) Google
4 45 (2.47%) Salesforce.com
5 42 (2.31%) SAP
6 39 (2.14%) VMware
7 38 (2.09%) MuleSoft
8 36 (1.98%) Splunk
9 31 (1.70%) IBM
10 29 (1.59%) Adobe
11 28 (1.54%) Atlassian
11 28 (1.54%) Sybase
12 27 (1.48%) TIBCO
13 26 (1.43%) BiZZdesign
14 24 (1.32%) Citrix
15 23 (1.26%) Mercator
15 23 (1.26%) Veritas
16 19 (1.04%) Red Hat
17 18 (0.99%) AppDynamics
18 14 (0.77%) ServiceNow