Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 121 108 91
Rank change year-on-year -13 -17 -15
Contract jobs citing RESTful 1,577 795 2,498
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.18% 2.21% 2.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.17% 7.20% 8.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,056 587 1,761
10th Percentile £363 £362 £369
25th Percentile £425 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £608 £571 £569
90th Percentile £700 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.78% - +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 9 10
10th Percentile £36.20 £54.25 £50.35
25th Percentile £40.00 £58.00 £54.38
Median hourly rate £48.27 £62.00 £88.65
Median % change year-on-year -22.15% -30.06% +31.33%
75th Percentile £64.75 £63.00 £122.50
90th Percentile £67.60 £69.50 "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.25 £55.00 £57.50
% change year-on-year -12.27% -4.35% -17.86%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,988 11,035 29,392
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.37% 30.63% 31.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,753 7,777 20,671
10th Percentile £358 £333 £335
25th Percentile £420 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £505 £500 £490
Median % change year-on-year +1.00% +2.04% +3.16%
75th Percentile £606 £594 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 200 102 277
10th Percentile £15.57 £20.50 £17.88
25th Percentile £27.50 £30.00 £26.25
Median hourly rate £45.50 £45.00 £44.92
Median % change year-on-year +1.11% +0.19% +9.55%
75th Percentile £62.06 £57.88 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.75 £66.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.75 £44.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% -2.84% +10.00%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the UK over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 1,297 £525 +5.00% 760
London +10 829 £550 +4.76% 321
Work from Home -38 448 £495 +4.21% 207
UK excluding London -37 447 £463 +2.78% 478
South East -23 138 £450 -2.70% 97
North of England -5 121 £500 +11.11% 151
North West -1 72 £485 +29.33% 89
Midlands -13 49 £413 +8.20% 83
Scotland -45 48 £475 +11.11% 24
East of England -8 45 £450 - 57
West Midlands -12 35 £405 +4.52% 41
North East +15 27 £513 +7.89% 22
South West -54 25 £450 -14.29% 46
Yorkshire -38 22 £450 -5.26% 40
Wales +3 16 £409 +3.81% 12
East Midlands -25 7 £419 +11.67% 41
Northern Ireland -19 5 £430 +7.50% 8

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RESTful.

1 800 (50.73%) Agile Software Development
2 780 (49.46%) Java
3 517 (32.78%) JavaScript
4 472 (29.93%) TDD
5 463 (29.36%) Microservices
6 452 (28.66%) SQL
7 411 (26.06%) Git (software)
8 395 (25.05%) Spring
9 372 (23.59%) AWS
10 371 (23.53%) DevOps
11 356 (22.57%) Web Services
12 355 (22.51%) HTML
13 352 (22.32%) Scrum
14 348 (22.07%) Azure
15 343 (21.75%) Jenkins
16 316 (20.04%) Test Automation
17 315 (19.97%) CSS
18 305 (19.34%) Continuous Integration
19 297 (18.83%) Social Skills
20 280 (17.76%) Docker
20 280 (17.76%) React
21 278 (17.63%) Finance
22 274 (17.37%) Spring Boot
23 273 (17.31%) C#
24 267 (16.93%) Full Stack Development
25 263 (16.68%) AngularJS
26 260 (16.49%) .NET
27 254 (16.11%) Node.js
28 253 (16.04%) Python
29 248 (15.73%) Kubernetes

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (3.80%) Confluence
2 58 (3.68%) Tomcat
3 48 (3.04%) Apache Spark
3 48 (3.04%) CMS
4 44 (2.79%) Apache
5 42 (2.66%) Elasticsearch
6 25 (1.59%) WebSphere
7 20 (1.27%) Cloud Foundry
8 16 (1.01%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 16 (1.01%) Jetty
9 13 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 12 (0.76%) Headless CMS
10 12 (0.76%) IBM Domino
10 12 (0.76%) SharePoint
11 11 (0.70%) Mule
12 10 (0.63%) IIS
13 9 (0.57%) Apache Airflow
13 9 (0.57%) WebLogic
14 8 (0.51%) JBoss
14 8 (0.51%) nginx
Applications
1 22 (1.40%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.13%) Figma
4 2 (0.13%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.13%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 15 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.76%) Magento
3 10 (0.63%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.32%) Oracle Financials
5 4 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.13%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.13%) Shopify
8 1 (0.063%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.063%) Northgate Housing
8 1 (0.063%) SDL Web 8
8 1 (0.063%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.063%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 372 (23.59%) AWS
2 348 (22.07%) Azure
3 165 (10.46%) Serverless
4 100 (6.34%) GCP
5 89 (5.64%) GitHub
6 84 (5.33%) AWS Lambda
7 54 (3.42%) Amazon S3
7 54 (3.42%) SaaS
8 52 (3.30%) npm
9 44 (2.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 41 (2.60%) Power Platform
11 40 (2.54%) Amazon SQS
12 39 (2.47%) PaaS
13 36 (2.28%) Amazon EC2
13 36 (2.28%) OpenShift
14 30 (1.90%) Azure Functions
15 28 (1.78%) Amazon ECS
16 27 (1.71%) Amazon EKS
16 27 (1.71%) Azure Active Directory
17 26 (1.65%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 90 (5.71%) HTTP
2 40 (2.54%) SSL
3 32 (2.03%) TCP/IP
4 19 (1.20%) Internet
5 8 (0.51%) RTMP
5 8 (0.51%) Wireless
6 7 (0.44%) Kerberos
6 7 (0.44%) LAN
6 7 (0.44%) WAN
7 6 (0.38%) 5G
8 5 (0.32%) ATM
8 5 (0.32%) DNS
8 5 (0.32%) MQTT
9 4 (0.25%) Bluetooth
9 4 (0.25%) DHCP
9 4 (0.25%) Ethernet
9 4 (0.25%) IPv4
9 4 (0.25%) IPv6
9 4 (0.25%) VPN
9 4 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 191 (12.11%) NoSQL
2 180 (11.41%) SQL Server
3 157 (9.96%) MongoDB
4 132 (8.37%) Relational Database
5 114 (7.23%) PostgreSQL
6 106 (6.72%) Redis
7 72 (4.57%) MySQL
8 58 (3.68%) Big Data
9 51 (3.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 50 (3.17%) RDBMS
11 37 (2.35%) Oracle Database
12 36 (2.28%) Hazelcast
12 36 (2.28%) Power BI
13 33 (2.09%) BigQuery
13 33 (2.09%) Data Lake
13 33 (2.09%) Hadoop
14 31 (1.97%) Apache Cassandra
15 27 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
16 20 (1.27%) Azure SQL Database
17 19 (1.20%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 411 (26.06%) Git (software)
2 343 (21.75%) Jenkins
3 197 (12.49%) Maven
4 151 (9.58%) JIRA
5 138 (8.75%) JUnit
6 123 (7.80%) Cucumber
7 107 (6.79%) Selenium
8 72 (4.57%) Gradle
9 67 (4.25%) Postman
10 66 (4.19%) Mockito
11 56 (3.55%) GitLab
11 56 (3.55%) JMeter
12 55 (3.49%) webpack
13 42 (2.66%) TeamCity
13 42 (2.66%) Visual Studio
14 41 (2.60%) Jasmine
15 40 (2.54%) Cypress.io
15 40 (2.54%) NUnit
16 35 (2.22%) Gatling
17 31 (1.97%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 297 (18.83%) Social Skills
2 278 (17.63%) Finance
3 179 (11.35%) Banking
4 92 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
5 82 (5.20%) Public Sector
6 70 (4.44%) Front Office
7 68 (4.31%) Investment Banking
8 56 (3.55%) Retail
9 34 (2.16%) Marketing
10 28 (1.78%) Games
11 24 (1.52%) Documentation Skills
11 24 (1.52%) Presentation Skills
12 19 (1.20%) Publishing
12 19 (1.20%) Telecoms
13 15 (0.95%) Back Office
14 14 (0.89%) Manufacturing
15 12 (0.76%) Influencing Skills
16 11 (0.70%) Electronics
17 9 (0.57%) Retail Banking
18 6 (0.38%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,046 (66.33%) Developer
2 347 (22.00%) Java Developer
3 204 (12.94%) Senior Developer
4 130 (8.24%) Architect
5 124 (7.86%) Full Stack Developer
6 100 (6.34%) Senior Java Developer
7 85 (5.39%) .NET Developer
8 72 (4.57%) React Developer
9 70 (4.44%) C# Developer
10 68 (4.31%) Software Engineer
11 58 (3.68%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 54 (3.42%) Java Engineer
13 49 (3.11%) Tester
14 48 (3.04%) Android Developer
15 47 (2.98%) Lead Developer
16 46 (2.92%) iOS Developer
17 42 (2.66%) Python Developer
18 41 (2.60%) Angular Developer
18 41 (2.60%) Technical Architect
19 40 (2.54%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 395 (25.05%) Spring
2 356 (22.57%) Web Services
3 355 (22.51%) HTML
4 315 (19.97%) CSS
5 280 (17.76%) React
6 274 (17.37%) Spring Boot
7 263 (16.68%) AngularJS
8 260 (16.49%) .NET
9 254 (16.11%) Node.js
10 216 (13.70%) JSON
11 126 (7.99%) XML
12 121 (7.67%) HTML5
13 120 (7.61%) SOAP
14 117 (7.42%) .NET Framework
15 116 (7.36%) Kafka
16 112 (7.10%) REST
17 105 (6.66%) .NET Core
18 103 (6.53%) Hibernate
19 86 (5.45%) jQuery
20 84 (5.33%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 111 (7.04%) User Experience
2 65 (4.12%) Greenfield Project
3 63 (3.99%) Data Structures
4 59 (3.74%) Mobile App
5 58 (3.68%) Algorithms
6 47 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
7 46 (2.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 42 (2.66%) Fixed Income
9 41 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
10 39 (2.47%) Derivative
11 31 (1.97%) Client/Server
12 28 (1.78%) Cloud Native
13 27 (1.71%) Public Cloud
14 26 (1.65%) Animation
15 20 (1.27%) Management Information System
16 16 (1.01%) Data Protection Act
16 16 (1.01%) NHS
17 12 (0.76%) iPhone
18 11 (0.70%) Grid Computing
18 11 (0.70%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 119 (7.55%) Linux
2 105 (6.66%) Android
3 97 (6.15%) Apple iOS
4 67 (4.25%) Unix
5 43 (2.73%) Windows
6 7 (0.44%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.32%) tvOS
7 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
7 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
8 4 (0.25%) Solaris
9 3 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.13%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.063%) Debian
11 1 (0.063%) Tizen
11 1 (0.063%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 800 (50.73%) Agile Software Development
2 472 (29.93%) TDD
3 463 (29.36%) Microservices
4 371 (23.53%) DevOps
5 352 (22.32%) Scrum
6 316 (20.04%) Test Automation
7 305 (19.34%) Continuous Integration
8 267 (16.93%) Full Stack Development
9 244 (15.47%) BDD
10 229 (14.52%) Software Engineering
11 197 (12.49%) MVC
12 189 (11.98%) Unit Testing
13 151 (9.58%) Problem-Solving
14 147 (9.32%) OO
15 132 (8.37%) API Design
16 125 (7.93%) SDLC
17 116 (7.36%) API Development
18 109 (6.91%) Multithreading
18 109 (6.91%) OOP
19 107 (6.79%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 780 (49.46%) Java
2 517 (32.78%) JavaScript
3 452 (28.66%) SQL
4 273 (17.31%) C#
5 253 (16.04%) Python
6 177 (11.22%) Java 8
7 147 (9.32%) TypeScript
8 136 (8.62%) Scala
9 94 (5.96%) Kotlin
10 67 (4.25%) ES6
11 61 (3.87%) PL/SQL
12 56 (3.55%) Apple Swift
13 47 (2.98%) PHP
14 45 (2.85%) Go
14 45 (2.85%) Java 11
15 44 (2.79%) C++
16 43 (2.73%) Objective-C
17 39 (2.47%) Groovy
18 38 (2.41%) C
19 36 (2.28%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 134 (8.50%) Security Cleared
2 102 (6.47%) SC Cleared
3 94 (5.96%) Degree
4 28 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.20%) BPSS Clearance
6 15 (0.95%) ISTQB
7 8 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (0.38%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.38%) DBS Check
8 6 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 6 (0.38%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.38%) PhD
9 5 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.25%) CCNA
10 4 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.25%) ISEB
11 3 (0.19%) CCA
11 3 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.13%) PMP
12 2 (0.13%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 139 (8.81%) QA
2 69 (4.38%) Accessibility
3 26 (1.65%) Data Quality
4 20 (1.27%) GDPR
5 11 (0.70%) WCAG
6 6 (0.38%) ISO 20022
7 4 (0.25%) COBIT
7 4 (0.25%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.13%) ISO 15022
9 1 (0.063%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.063%) HL7
9 1 (0.063%) NIST
System Software
1 280 (17.76%) Docker
2 25 (1.59%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.51%) vSphere
5 4 (0.25%) iptables
5 4 (0.25%) KVM
5 4 (0.25%) Xen
6 3 (0.19%) Varnish
6 3 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.13%) HDFS
8 1 (0.063%) OpenAM
8 1 (0.063%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 248 (15.73%) Kubernetes
2 81 (5.14%) Ansible
3 41 (2.60%) Grafana
3 41 (2.60%) Terraform
4 34 (2.16%) Prometheus
5 18 (1.14%) Kibana
6 13 (0.82%) Puppet
7 10 (0.63%) Istio
7 10 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
8 9 (0.57%) Graphite
9 6 (0.38%) Graylog
9 6 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
10 5 (0.32%) Nagios
10 5 (0.32%) vCenter Server
11 4 (0.25%) Consul
11 4 (0.25%) Red Hat Satellite
11 4 (0.25%) Red Hat Spacewalk
12 3 (0.19%) logstash
12 3 (0.19%) Packer
12 3 (0.19%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 172 (10.91%) Oracle
2 131 (8.31%) Microsoft
3 95 (6.02%) Google
4 37 (2.35%) Salesforce.com
5 31 (1.97%) MuleSoft
6 30 (1.90%) Splunk
7 27 (1.71%) IBM
7 27 (1.71%) SAP
8 23 (1.46%) CA
8 23 (1.46%) hybris
9 22 (1.40%) Adobe
10 19 (1.20%) Databricks
11 16 (1.01%) Atlassian
12 15 (0.95%) Apple
12 15 (0.95%) Telerik
13 12 (0.76%) CA Agile Central
13 12 (0.76%) VMware
13 12 (0.76%) Xerox
14 11 (0.70%) Xamarin
15 9 (0.57%) AppDynamics