Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 121 110 97
Rank change year-on-year -11 -13 -15
Contract jobs citing RESTful 1,795 718 2,144
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.16% 2.33% 2.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.25% 7.46% 8.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,266 531 1,479
10th Percentile £375 £350 £356
25th Percentile £450 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% +2.56%
75th Percentile £628 £554 £560
90th Percentile £723 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 4 10
10th Percentile £35.25 £38.11 £33.55
25th Percentile £41.38 £46.56 £39.50
Median hourly rate £52.50 £53.75 £89.17
Median % change year-on-year -2.33% -39.72% +154.76%
75th Percentile £65.38 £55.00 £122.50
90th Percentile £71.35 " "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.25 £55.00 £26.00
% change year-on-year +5.91% +111.54% -25.71%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,771 9,631 26,500
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.79% 31.21% 31.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,782 6,814 18,632
10th Percentile £363 £313 £338
25th Percentile £425 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 234 73 250
10th Percentile £17.79 £21.90 £20.22
25th Percentile £28.43 £30.00 £33.44
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.39%
75th Percentile £63.44 £54.00 £53.00
90th Percentile £73.19 £61.87 £73.08
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £46.40 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.60% +3.11% +8.43%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in the UK

RESTful
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 1,479 £525 +7.69% 708
London +13 949 £550 +10.00% 310
Work from Home -49 513 £525 +16.67% 174
UK excluding London -48 500 £475 +5.56% 463
North of England -21 132 £480 +12.94% 147
South East -56 132 £469 -6.25% 81
North West -18 76 £480 +32.41% 76
Midlands -61 65 £475 +26.67% 77
South West -35 49 £500 -4.76% 38
Scotland -37 46 £450 +24.14% 43
East of England -26 45 £475 +11.70% 53
Yorkshire -33 35 £475 -7.32% 47
West Midlands -63 33 £475 +10.16% 49
East Midlands -25 30 £488 +31.76% 26
North East +7 25 £500 -2.44% 24
Wales - 22 £445 - 18
Northern Ireland -23 9 £431 +7.75% 6

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RESTful.

1 952 (53.04%) Agile Software Development
2 876 (48.80%) Java
3 637 (35.49%) JavaScript
4 598 (33.31%) Microservices
5 534 (29.75%) Git (software)
6 501 (27.91%) TDD
7 465 (25.91%) SQL
8 448 (24.96%) Spring
9 442 (24.62%) DevOps
10 423 (23.57%) AWS
11 395 (22.01%) HTML
12 389 (21.67%) Azure
13 384 (21.39%) Docker
14 378 (21.06%) Social Skills
15 371 (20.67%) CSS
16 366 (20.39%) Scrum
17 362 (20.17%) Jenkins
18 361 (20.11%) Web Services
19 357 (19.89%) Test Automation
20 340 (18.94%) React
21 327 (18.22%) Finance
22 311 (17.33%) C#
23 310 (17.27%) Node.js
24 303 (16.88%) .NET
25 301 (16.77%) Spring Boot
26 299 (16.66%) Kubernetes
27 290 (16.16%) Python
28 279 (15.54%) Continuous Integration
29 277 (15.43%) AngularJS
30 276 (15.38%) Full Stack Development

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (5.18%) Confluence
2 64 (3.57%) Elasticsearch
3 55 (3.06%) Tomcat
4 51 (2.84%) Apache Spark
5 48 (2.67%) Apache
6 45 (2.51%) CMS
7 22 (1.23%) WebSphere
8 21 (1.17%) SharePoint
9 15 (0.84%) nginx
9 15 (0.84%) WebLogic
10 12 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
10 12 (0.67%) Headless CMS
10 12 (0.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 11 (0.61%) IIS
12 9 (0.50%) JBoss
12 9 (0.50%) Jetty
12 9 (0.50%) Mule
13 8 (0.45%) Apache Pig
13 8 (0.45%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 20 (1.11%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.17%) Figma
3 3 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.17%) Zeplin
4 1 (0.056%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 13 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.50%) Magento
3 8 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
4 7 (0.39%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 7 (0.39%) SAP S/4HANA
5 5 (0.28%) Oracle Financials
6 3 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.056%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.056%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.056%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.056%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 423 (23.57%) AWS
2 389 (21.67%) Azure
3 161 (8.97%) Serverless
4 101 (5.63%) GitHub
5 89 (4.96%) GCP
6 88 (4.90%) npm
7 71 (3.96%) AWS Lambda
8 63 (3.51%) SaaS
9 60 (3.34%) PaaS
10 58 (3.23%) Amazon S3
11 48 (2.67%) OpenShift
12 44 (2.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 44 (2.45%) Power Platform
13 43 (2.40%) Amazon EC2
14 36 (2.01%) Azure Functions
15 33 (1.84%) Amazon EKS
15 33 (1.84%) Amazon SQS
16 31 (1.73%) Amazon ECS
17 29 (1.62%) Azure Active Directory
18 27 (1.50%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 121 (6.74%) HTTP
2 29 (1.62%) SSL
3 28 (1.56%) TCP/IP
4 25 (1.39%) Internet
5 8 (0.45%) DNS
5 8 (0.45%) LAN
5 8 (0.45%) WAN
6 7 (0.39%) RTMP
7 6 (0.33%) ATM
7 6 (0.33%) Kerberos
7 6 (0.33%) VPN
7 6 (0.33%) Wireless
8 5 (0.28%) Intranet
9 4 (0.22%) Bluetooth
9 4 (0.22%) DHCP
9 4 (0.22%) Ethernet
9 4 (0.22%) Firewall
9 4 (0.22%) IPv4
9 4 (0.22%) IPv6
9 4 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 199 (11.09%) SQL Server
2 174 (9.69%) NoSQL
3 170 (9.47%) Relational Database
4 142 (7.91%) MongoDB
5 130 (7.24%) PostgreSQL
6 113 (6.30%) MySQL
7 110 (6.13%) Redis
8 58 (3.23%) Big Data
9 53 (2.95%) Data Warehouse
10 51 (2.84%) RDBMS
11 49 (2.73%) Oracle Database
12 46 (2.56%) Data Lake
13 44 (2.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 41 (2.28%) Hazelcast
14 41 (2.28%) Power BI
15 31 (1.73%) Hadoop
16 30 (1.67%) Apache Cassandra
17 25 (1.39%) Azure SQL Database
18 21 (1.17%) Tableau
19 20 (1.11%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 534 (29.75%) Git (software)
2 362 (20.17%) Jenkins
3 223 (12.42%) Maven
4 208 (11.59%) JIRA
5 131 (7.30%) JUnit
6 122 (6.80%) Selenium
7 118 (6.57%) Cucumber
8 76 (4.23%) webpack
9 75 (4.18%) Gradle
10 71 (3.96%) GitLab
10 71 (3.96%) Mockito
10 71 (3.96%) Postman
11 60 (3.34%) Jasmine
12 51 (2.84%) JMeter
13 49 (2.73%) NUnit
14 48 (2.67%) Karma Test Runner
15 45 (2.51%) TeamCity
16 40 (2.23%) Bitbucket
16 40 (2.23%) Visual Studio
17 38 (2.12%) Cypress.io
General
1 378 (21.06%) Social Skills
2 327 (18.22%) Finance
3 219 (12.20%) Banking
4 127 (7.08%) Analytical Skills
5 99 (5.52%) Public Sector
6 88 (4.90%) Investment Banking
7 73 (4.07%) Front Office
8 61 (3.40%) Retail
9 42 (2.34%) Marketing
10 37 (2.06%) Presentation Skills
11 27 (1.50%) Games
12 24 (1.34%) Documentation Skills
13 20 (1.11%) Telecoms
14 16 (0.89%) Electronics
14 16 (0.89%) Manufacturing
15 14 (0.78%) Publishing
16 13 (0.72%) Automotive
16 13 (0.72%) Back Office
16 13 (0.72%) Financial Institution
17 12 (0.67%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 1,251 (69.69%) Developer
2 397 (22.12%) Java Developer
3 250 (13.93%) Senior Developer
4 141 (7.86%) Full Stack Developer
5 121 (6.74%) .NET Developer
5 121 (6.74%) Architect
6 120 (6.69%) Senior Java Developer
7 103 (5.74%) React Developer
8 83 (4.62%) Software Engineer
9 76 (4.23%) C# Developer
10 74 (4.12%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 68 (3.79%) Python Developer
12 63 (3.51%) Angular Developer
13 60 (3.34%) Java Engineer
14 55 (3.06%) JavaScript Developer
15 50 (2.79%) iOS Developer
16 49 (2.73%) Solutions Architect
17 48 (2.67%) Android Developer
17 48 (2.67%) Software Developer
18 46 (2.56%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 448 (24.96%) Spring
2 395 (22.01%) HTML
3 371 (20.67%) CSS
4 361 (20.11%) Web Services
5 340 (18.94%) React
6 310 (17.27%) Node.js
7 303 (16.88%) .NET
8 301 (16.77%) Spring Boot
9 277 (15.43%) AngularJS
10 222 (12.37%) JSON
11 148 (8.25%) Kafka
12 145 (8.08%) HTML5
13 129 (7.19%) SOAP
14 127 (7.08%) XML
15 125 (6.96%) .NET Framework
16 119 (6.63%) .NET Core
17 110 (6.13%) REST
18 108 (6.02%) Hibernate
19 103 (5.74%) ASP.NET Web API
19 103 (5.74%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 137 (7.63%) User Experience
2 80 (4.46%) Data Structures
3 70 (3.90%) Greenfield Project
4 64 (3.57%) Algorithms
5 61 (3.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 56 (3.12%) Mobile App
7 51 (2.84%) Self-Motivation
8 48 (2.67%) Derivative
9 46 (2.56%) Fixed Income
10 42 (2.34%) Enterprise Software
11 37 (2.06%) Public Cloud
12 31 (1.73%) Data Protection Act
13 26 (1.45%) Client/Server
14 25 (1.39%) Cloud Native
15 21 (1.17%) Animation
16 17 (0.95%) NHS
17 15 (0.84%) Management Information System
18 12 (0.67%) Linux Command Line
19 11 (0.61%) Equities
19 11 (0.61%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 168 (9.36%) Linux
2 102 (5.68%) Android
3 91 (5.07%) Apple iOS
4 75 (4.18%) Unix
5 70 (3.90%) Windows
6 13 (0.72%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (0.56%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.45%) tvOS
10 5 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.22%) Embedded Linux
11 4 (0.22%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.22%) Solaris
11 4 (0.22%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.17%) VMS
13 1 (0.056%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.056%) Debian
13 1 (0.056%) Mesosphere
13 1 (0.056%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 952 (53.04%) Agile Software Development
2 598 (33.31%) Microservices
3 501 (27.91%) TDD
4 442 (24.62%) DevOps
5 366 (20.39%) Scrum
6 357 (19.89%) Test Automation
7 279 (15.54%) Continuous Integration
8 276 (15.38%) Full Stack Development
9 254 (14.15%) BDD
10 251 (13.98%) MVC
11 245 (13.65%) Software Engineering
12 219 (12.20%) Unit Testing
13 187 (10.42%) API Design
14 183 (10.19%) Problem-Solving
15 181 (10.08%) OO
16 161 (8.97%) Front End Development
17 154 (8.58%) API Development
18 131 (7.30%) Multithreading
19 122 (6.80%) SDLC
20 114 (6.35%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 876 (48.80%) Java
2 637 (35.49%) JavaScript
3 465 (25.91%) SQL
4 311 (17.33%) C#
5 290 (16.16%) Python
6 214 (11.92%) Java 8
7 194 (10.81%) TypeScript
8 122 (6.80%) Scala
9 94 (5.24%) Kotlin
10 92 (5.13%) ES6
11 68 (3.79%) Apple Swift
12 54 (3.01%) PL/SQL
13 52 (2.90%) PHP
14 49 (2.73%) Bash Shell
14 49 (2.73%) Ruby
15 47 (2.62%) Java 11
15 47 (2.62%) PowerShell
16 45 (2.51%) Objective-C
17 40 (2.23%) Shell Script
18 37 (2.06%) C++
Qualifications
1 177 (9.86%) Security Cleared
2 139 (7.74%) SC Cleared
3 106 (5.91%) Degree
4 35 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
5 24 (1.34%) BPSS Clearance
6 14 (0.78%) ISTQB
7 13 (0.72%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
9 8 (0.45%) AWS Certification
10 7 (0.39%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
11 5 (0.28%) PhD
12 4 (0.22%) CCNA
12 4 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.22%) DV Cleared
12 4 (0.22%) ISEB
12 4 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
13 3 (0.17%) CCA
14 2 (0.11%) CFA
14 2 (0.11%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 134 (7.47%) QA
2 96 (5.35%) Accessibility
3 23 (1.28%) GDPR
4 22 (1.23%) Data Quality
5 18 (1.00%) WCAG
6 4 (0.22%) COBIT
7 3 (0.17%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.056%) ISO 8583
9 1 (0.056%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.056%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.056%) NIST
9 1 (0.056%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.056%) PSD2
9 1 (0.056%) SLA
System Software
1 384 (21.39%) Docker
2 32 (1.78%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.45%) vSphere
5 4 (0.22%) iptables
5 4 (0.22%) KVM
5 4 (0.22%) Xen
6 3 (0.17%) HDFS
6 3 (0.17%) Varnish
6 3 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.056%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.056%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 299 (16.66%) Kubernetes
2 93 (5.18%) Ansible
3 51 (2.84%) Terraform
4 37 (2.06%) Grafana
4 37 (2.06%) Prometheus
5 26 (1.45%) Kibana
6 15 (0.84%) Puppet
7 13 (0.72%) Graphite
7 13 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
8 11 (0.61%) logstash
9 9 (0.50%) Hadoop YARN
10 8 (0.45%) Graylog
11 7 (0.39%) Nagios
12 6 (0.33%) Rancher
13 5 (0.28%) Consul
13 5 (0.28%) vCenter Server
14 4 (0.22%) Istio
15 3 (0.17%) Packer
15 3 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
15 3 (0.17%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 189 (10.53%) Oracle
2 151 (8.41%) Microsoft
3 62 (3.45%) Google
4 35 (1.95%) Databricks
4 35 (1.95%) MuleSoft
5 34 (1.89%) Salesforce.com
6 27 (1.50%) IBM
6 27 (1.50%) SAP
7 26 (1.45%) Splunk
8 24 (1.34%) CA
8 24 (1.34%) hybris
9 20 (1.11%) Adobe
9 20 (1.11%) Atlassian
9 20 (1.11%) Telerik
10 19 (1.06%) Apple
11 18 (1.00%) New Relic
12 13 (0.72%) Solace
13 12 (0.67%) Bloomberg
13 12 (0.67%) ION Trading
14 11 (0.61%) CA Agile Central