Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Full Stack Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Full Stack Development
UK
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 70 57 70
Rank change year-on-year -13 +13 -9
Contract jobs citing Full Stack Development 2,926 2,599 1,337
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.31% 3.99% 3.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.69% 4.48% 3.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,241 1,965 990
10th Percentile £413 £350 £342
25th Percentile £475 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% - +4.71%
75th Percentile £675 £600 £613
90th Percentile £775 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 27 6
10th Percentile £45.00 £39.35 £32.63
25th Percentile £50.00 £40.50 £53.88
Median hourly rate £61.91 £55.00 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year +12.56% -8.33% +50.00%
75th Percentile £75.39 £62.13 £64.69
90th Percentile £76.64 £65.54 £67.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.54 £45.00 £35.75
% change year-on-year +45.64% +25.87% -28.50%

Full Stack Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,287 57,978 35,718
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.57% 88.94% 86.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,792 39,772 23,893
10th Percentile £350 £313 £300
25th Percentile £444 £403 £391
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £549 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.80% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £650 £594 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,733 1,610 1,004
10th Percentile £13.25 £12.00 £12.50
25th Percentile £17.00 £15.22 £16.11
Median hourly rate £29.25 £25.00 £22.84
Median % change year-on-year +17.00% +9.48% -0.41%
75th Percentile £53.81 £47.50 £45.79
90th Percentile £67.20 £60.00 £56.18
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £21.84 £20.66
% change year-on-year +9.89% +5.74% -10.20%

Full Stack Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Full Stack Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Development.

Daily rate trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Development.

Hourly rate trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Full Stack Development within the UK over the 6 months to 30 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -14 2,370 £575 +9.52% 1,022
Work from Home -11 1,710 £550 +15.79% 721
London -17 1,662 £600 +14.29% 459
UK excluding London -39 605 £475 +11.76% 620
North of England +5 202 £475 +5.56% 160
South East -52 139 £525 +20.00% 140
North West +5 113 £525 +30.03% 85
Scotland -14 89 £475 +6.74% 40
Yorkshire +3 78 £438 -7.89% 52
Midlands -49 67 £465 +25.68% 116
West Midlands -25 51 £513 +37.58% 57
East of England -18 40 £510 +20.00% 61
South West -53 40 £468 +6.97% 81
Wales +9 27 £575 +43.75% 19
East Midlands -31 15 £425 +30.77% 59
North East -4 11 £525 +7.97% 23
Northern Ireland -13 1 £425 -5.03% 6

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Full Stack Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Full Stack Development.

1 1,547 (52.87%) JavaScript
2 1,433 (48.97%) React
3 1,248 (42.65%) Agile
4 916 (31.31%) AWS
5 868 (29.67%) Node.js
6 861 (29.43%) Azure
7 856 (29.25%) Java
8 805 (27.51%) TypeScript
9 750 (25.63%) AngularJS
10 730 (24.95%) .NET
11 724 (24.74%) Microservices
12 710 (24.27%) SQL
13 698 (23.86%) HTML
14 694 (23.72%) Software Engineering
15 689 (23.55%) C#
16 665 (22.73%) DevOps
17 662 (22.62%) CSS
18 652 (22.28%) Python
19 645 (22.04%) CI/CD
20 568 (19.41%) Finance
21 498 (17.02%) TDD
22 450 (15.38%) Git (software)
23 397 (13.57%) Kubernetes
23 397 (13.57%) SQL Server
24 393 (13.43%) Docker
25 372 (12.71%) Spring
26 361 (12.34%) Scrum
27 356 (12.17%) Social Skills
28 354 (12.10%) REST
29 332 (11.35%) Serverless

Full Stack Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (2.49%) Confluence
2 68 (2.32%) Apache
3 67 (2.29%) CMS
4 58 (1.98%) Apache Spark
5 45 (1.54%) nginx
6 43 (1.47%) Drupal
7 34 (1.16%) Cloud Foundry
8 22 (0.75%) Apache Solr
8 22 (0.75%) Tomcat
9 20 (0.68%) Headless CMS
10 19 (0.65%) SharePoint
10 19 (0.65%) Umbraco
11 15 (0.51%) IIS
12 12 (0.41%) Ethereum
12 12 (0.41%) WordPress
13 10 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
13 10 (0.34%) Mule
13 10 (0.34%) WebSphere
14 9 (0.31%) WebLogic
14 9 (0.31%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
2 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.068%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.034%) Adobe XD
4 1 (0.034%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.034%) InVision
4 1 (0.034%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.034%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.034%) Simulink
4 1 (0.034%) Sketch
4 1 (0.034%) SPSS
4 1 (0.034%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 8 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.17%) Markit EDM
2 5 (0.17%) SimCorp Dimension
3 4 (0.14%) Endur
4 3 (0.10%) Finacle
5 2 (0.068%) Bloomberg AIM
5 2 (0.068%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.068%) Magento
5 2 (0.068%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.068%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.034%) Algo Collateral
6 1 (0.034%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.034%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.034%) Primavera
6 1 (0.034%) Relativity
6 1 (0.034%) Shopify
6 1 (0.034%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 916 (31.31%) AWS
2 861 (29.43%) Azure
3 332 (11.35%) Serverless
4 282 (9.64%) GCP
5 229 (7.83%) AWS Lambda
6 208 (7.11%) GitHub
7 153 (5.23%) Azure DevOps
8 102 (3.49%) OpenShift
9 84 (2.87%) Amazon S3
10 66 (2.26%) SaaS
11 59 (2.02%) AWS CloudFormation
12 54 (1.85%) npm
13 51 (1.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 50 (1.71%) Azure Service Bus
15 49 (1.67%) Amazon SQS
16 48 (1.64%) Azure Functions
17 47 (1.61%) Amazon Kinesis
18 43 (1.47%) PaaS
19 41 (1.40%) IaaS
20 39 (1.33%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 26 (0.89%) HTTP
2 21 (0.72%) Internet
3 15 (0.51%) DNS
4 9 (0.31%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.27%) HTTPS
6 5 (0.17%) AMQP
7 4 (0.14%) FTP
7 4 (0.14%) LAN
8 3 (0.10%) Firewall
8 3 (0.10%) SSL
9 2 (0.068%) Intranet
9 2 (0.068%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.068%) MQTT
9 2 (0.068%) Network Security
9 2 (0.068%) Remote Desktop
9 2 (0.068%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.068%) SMTP
9 2 (0.068%) VoIP
10 1 (0.034%) Broadband
10 1 (0.034%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 397 (13.57%) SQL Server
2 291 (9.95%) MongoDB
3 277 (9.47%) PostgreSQL
4 219 (7.48%) NoSQL
5 189 (6.46%) MySQL
6 153 (5.23%) Relational Database
7 110 (3.76%) DynamoDB
8 100 (3.42%) Redis
9 74 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
10 68 (2.32%) RDBMS
11 44 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
12 42 (1.44%) Big Data
13 34 (1.16%) Amazon RDS
14 31 (1.06%) Azure SQL Database
14 31 (1.06%) Data Lake
14 31 (1.06%) Oracle Database
15 28 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
16 27 (0.92%) Neo4j
17 21 (0.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 20 (0.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 450 (15.38%) Git (software)
2 281 (9.60%) Jenkins
3 173 (5.91%) JIRA
4 111 (3.79%) Maven
5 91 (3.11%) GitLab
6 82 (2.80%) Cypress.io
7 77 (2.63%) webpack
8 68 (2.32%) TeamCity
9 62 (2.12%) JUnit
10 61 (2.08%) Gradle
11 60 (2.05%) Selenium
12 51 (1.74%) NUnit
13 47 (1.61%) Cucumber
14 45 (1.54%) Visual Studio
15 42 (1.44%) Bitbucket
16 35 (1.20%) Artifactory
16 35 (1.20%) Grunt
17 34 (1.16%) Jasmine
18 33 (1.13%) Postman
19 31 (1.06%) gulp
General
1 568 (19.41%) Finance
2 356 (12.17%) Social Skills
3 250 (8.54%) Front Office
4 224 (7.66%) Banking
5 189 (6.46%) Public Sector
6 129 (4.41%) Analytical Skills
7 99 (3.38%) Investment Banking
8 86 (2.94%) Retail
9 42 (1.44%) Marketing
10 35 (1.20%) Presentation Skills
11 31 (1.06%) Telecoms
12 27 (0.92%) Law
12 27 (0.92%) Legal
13 19 (0.65%) Manufacturing
14 18 (0.62%) Automotive
14 18 (0.62%) Games
15 17 (0.58%) Advertising
16 15 (0.51%) Documentation Skills
16 15 (0.51%) Retail Banking
17 14 (0.48%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,189 (74.81%) Developer
2 1,280 (43.75%) Full Stack Developer
3 335 (11.45%) Java Developer
4 307 (10.49%) React Developer
5 300 (10.25%) Software Engineer
6 286 (9.77%) .NET Developer
7 256 (8.75%) Senior Developer
8 223 (7.62%) Python Developer
9 183 (6.25%) C# Developer
10 167 (5.71%) AWS Engineer
10 167 (5.71%) JavaScript Developer
11 153 (5.23%) AWS Developer
12 147 (5.02%) Angular Developer
13 143 (4.89%) Python Engineer
14 120 (4.10%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 116 (3.96%) Software Developer
16 106 (3.62%) Node.js Developer
16 106 (3.62%) Senior Full Stack Developer
17 94 (3.21%) C# .NET Developer
18 83 (2.84%) AWS Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,433 (48.97%) React
2 868 (29.67%) Node.js
3 750 (25.63%) AngularJS
4 730 (24.95%) .NET
5 698 (23.86%) HTML
6 662 (22.62%) CSS
7 372 (12.71%) Spring
8 354 (12.10%) REST
9 285 (9.74%) Spring Boot
10 280 (9.57%) HTML5
11 269 (9.19%) .NET Core
12 234 (8.00%) GraphQL
13 216 (7.38%) RESTful
14 193 (6.60%) ASP.NET
15 192 (6.56%) Kafka
16 183 (6.25%) Web Services
17 173 (5.91%) .NET Framework
18 164 (5.60%) ASP.NET Web API
19 163 (5.57%) jQuery
20 153 (5.23%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 232 (7.93%) User Experience
2 178 (6.08%) Equities
3 119 (4.07%) Greenfield Project
4 118 (4.03%) Hedge funds
5 110 (3.76%) Cloud Native
6 105 (3.59%) Derivative
7 94 (3.21%) Mobile App
8 82 (2.80%) iPad
9 69 (2.36%) Fixed Income
10 60 (2.05%) Algorithms
11 56 (1.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 55 (1.88%) Data Structures
13 45 (1.54%) Public Cloud
14 44 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
15 38 (1.30%) Legacy Systems
16 31 (1.06%) Blockchain
17 30 (1.03%) Data Protection Act
18 27 (0.92%) Management Information System
19 25 (0.85%) Linux Command Line
20 24 (0.82%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 159 (5.43%) Linux
2 105 (3.59%) Windows
3 37 (1.26%) Unix
4 29 (0.99%) Android
5 28 (0.96%) Apple iOS
6 8 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (0.27%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.24%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.14%) AIX
9 3 (0.10%) VMS
9 3 (0.10%) zOS
10 2 (0.068%) Windows NT
11 1 (0.034%) Debian
11 1 (0.034%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.034%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.034%) watchOS
11 1 (0.034%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.034%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,248 (42.65%) Agile
2 724 (24.74%) Microservices
3 694 (23.72%) Software Engineering
4 665 (22.73%) DevOps
5 645 (22.04%) CI/CD
6 498 (17.02%) TDD
7 361 (12.34%) Scrum
8 302 (10.32%) Test Automation
9 264 (9.02%) Analytics
10 260 (8.89%) Front End Development
11 243 (8.30%) BDD
12 239 (8.17%) MVC
13 211 (7.21%) Continuous Integration
14 197 (6.73%) Asset Management
15 183 (6.25%) E-Commerce
15 183 (6.25%) Investment Management
16 173 (5.91%) Event-Driven
17 170 (5.81%) Problem-Solving
18 166 (5.67%) Web Development
19 154 (5.26%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,547 (52.87%) JavaScript
2 856 (29.25%) Java
3 805 (27.51%) TypeScript
4 710 (24.27%) SQL
5 689 (23.55%) C#
6 652 (22.28%) Python
7 157 (5.37%) PHP
8 99 (3.38%) Go
9 85 (2.90%) T-SQL
10 81 (2.77%) Ruby
11 80 (2.73%) Scala
12 64 (2.19%) Kotlin
13 46 (1.57%) C++
14 44 (1.50%) ES6
15 41 (1.40%) PL/SQL
16 24 (0.82%) PowerShell
17 22 (0.75%) Shell Script
18 21 (0.72%) Bash
19 15 (0.51%) Apple Swift
20 14 (0.48%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 247 (8.44%) Security Cleared
2 208 (7.11%) SC Cleared
3 94 (3.21%) Degree
4 49 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 41 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
6 32 (1.09%) DV Cleared
7 12 (0.41%) AWS Certification
8 5 (0.17%) PMP
9 4 (0.14%) ISEB
9 4 (0.14%) OCP
9 4 (0.14%) Oracle Certification
9 4 (0.14%) RHCE
9 4 (0.14%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 3 (0.10%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.068%) HND
11 2 (0.068%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.034%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.034%) PhD
12 1 (0.034%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 126 (4.31%) QA
2 73 (2.49%) Accessibility
3 20 (0.68%) WCAG
4 14 (0.48%) Data Quality
5 9 (0.31%) SLA
6 8 (0.27%) GDPR
7 5 (0.17%) PMO
8 4 (0.14%) NCSC
8 4 (0.14%) OASIS TOSCA
9 3 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.10%) WAI
10 2 (0.068%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.034%) PMBOK
System Software
1 393 (13.43%) Docker
2 11 (0.38%) KVM
3 8 (0.27%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.21%) Varnish
5 5 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.14%) Xen
7 3 (0.10%) vCloud
7 3 (0.10%) VMware NSX
7 3 (0.10%) vSphere
8 2 (0.068%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.068%) Firmware
8 2 (0.068%) HDFS
9 1 (0.034%) IAG
9 1 (0.034%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.034%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.034%) zsh
Systems Management
1 397 (13.57%) Kubernetes
2 251 (8.58%) Terraform
3 113 (3.86%) Ansible
4 39 (1.33%) Grafana
5 29 (0.99%) Kibana
6 26 (0.89%) Puppet
7 17 (0.58%) Packer
7 17 (0.58%) Prometheus
8 14 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
9 12 (0.41%) Istio
10 7 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
11 5 (0.17%) MIIS
11 5 (0.17%) Rancher
12 4 (0.14%) Cloudify
12 4 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.14%) Mesos
13 3 (0.10%) logstash
13 3 (0.10%) Salt
13 3 (0.10%) vRealize
13 3 (0.10%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 227 (7.76%) Oracle
2 225 (7.69%) Microsoft
3 108 (3.69%) Google
4 33 (1.13%) Databricks
4 33 (1.13%) Red Hat
4 33 (1.13%) Splunk
5 31 (1.06%) SAP
6 27 (0.92%) MuleSoft
7 26 (0.89%) IBM
8 24 (0.82%) Adobe
9 23 (0.79%) Sitecore
10 19 (0.65%) AppDynamics
10 19 (0.65%) VMware
11 15 (0.51%) Salesforce.com
12 13 (0.44%) Tealium
13 12 (0.41%) Dynatrace
14 10 (0.34%) Atlassian
14 10 (0.34%) ESRI
14 10 (0.34%) Sybase
15 9 (0.31%) New Relic