Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Full Stack Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Full Stack Development
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 63 59 67
Rank change year-on-year -4 +8 -3
Contract jobs citing Full Stack Development 3,043 1,649 2,451
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.46% 3.88% 3.43%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.88% 4.45% 3.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,390 1,273 1,879
10th Percentile £386 £325 £350
25th Percentile £456 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £655 £600 £589
90th Percentile £750 £675 £670
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £440
% change year-on-year +5.88% -3.41% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 17 7
10th Percentile £62.63 £38.00 £20.75
25th Percentile £65.50 £40.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate £66.02 £55.00 £36.50
Median % change year-on-year +20.04% +50.68% -25.13%
75th Percentile £71.25 £66.25 £43.75
90th Percentile £84.38 £68.80 £48.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.52 £58.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +12.97% +28.89% -5.26%

Full Stack Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,344 37,030 61,766
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.21% 87.22% 86.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,026 25,351 41,365
10th Percentile £329 £300 £281
25th Percentile £425 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -
75th Percentile £625 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £430
% change year-on-year +11.76% -1.16% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,634 1,200 1,889
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.00 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.50 £16.00 £15.00
Median hourly rate £26.00 £27.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.45% +30.95% -4.55%
75th Percentile £49.25 £47.50 £44.75
90th Percentile £63.75 £60.00 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £24.00 £19.71
% change year-on-year -12.50% +21.77% -8.33%

Full Stack Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Full Stack Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Development.

Daily rate trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Development.

Hourly rate trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Full Stack Development within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -9 2,516 £550 +10.00% 1,289
London -8 1,777 £600 +14.29% 596
Work from Home -7 981 £550 +18.28% 333
UK excluding London -28 664 £450 +5.88% 759
South East -21 177 £500 +11.11% 161
North of England -21 176 £449 -0.33% 217
South West +2 104 £445 -6.32% 77
Yorkshire -17 92 £438 -2.78% 55
North West -21 82 £450 +5.88% 135
Midlands -58 77 £425 +13.33% 134
Scotland -15 67 £500 +17.65% 49
West Midlands -47 46 £450 +23.29% 89
East of England -44 36 £470 -1.05% 95
East Midlands -28 28 £400 -5.88% 44
Wales -10 21 £463 +42.31% 19
Northern Ireland -19 6 £442 -1.78% 10
North East -11 2 £549 +22.06% 27
Isle of Man - 1 £500 -

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Full Stack Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Full Stack Development.

1 1,639 (53.86%) JavaScript
2 1,525 (50.12%) React
3 1,223 (40.19%) Agile Software Development
4 1,045 (34.34%) Node.js
5 1,025 (33.68%) AWS
6 985 (32.37%) TypeScript
7 956 (31.42%) Azure
8 840 (27.60%) Software Engineering
9 815 (26.78%) Java
10 792 (26.03%) AngularJS
11 747 (24.55%) CI/CD
12 743 (24.42%) SQL
13 724 (23.79%) C#
14 723 (23.76%) .NET
15 712 (23.40%) DevOps
16 679 (22.31%) Finance
17 673 (22.12%) Microservices
18 672 (22.08%) Python
19 648 (21.29%) HTML
20 637 (20.93%) CSS
21 537 (17.65%) Docker
22 497 (16.33%) Serverless
23 479 (15.74%) Kubernetes
24 477 (15.68%) TDD
25 449 (14.76%) Git (software)
26 429 (14.10%) Front Office
27 401 (13.18%) Terraform
28 385 (12.65%) Social Skills
29 355 (11.67%) AWS Lambda
30 354 (11.63%) SQL Server

Full Stack Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 72 (2.37%) Elasticsearch
2 69 (2.27%) CMS
3 53 (1.74%) Apache
4 51 (1.68%) Drupal
5 50 (1.64%) Confluence
6 29 (0.95%) SharePoint
7 27 (0.89%) Apache Spark
8 24 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
9 22 (0.72%) Tomcat
10 20 (0.66%) Headless CMS
11 18 (0.59%) Apache Airflow
11 18 (0.59%) IIS
12 15 (0.49%) WordPress
13 13 (0.43%) EPiServer
14 12 (0.39%) WebSphere
15 10 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
16 9 (0.30%) GemFire
16 9 (0.30%) Umbraco
17 7 (0.23%) nginx
17 7 (0.23%) WildFly
Applications
1 9 (0.30%) Chatbot
1 9 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
1 9 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.13%) Sketch
4 3 (0.099%) InVision
4 3 (0.099%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.099%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.099%) Zeplin
5 2 (0.066%) Adobe XD
5 2 (0.066%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.066%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.033%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 18 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.39%) Shopify
3 4 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
3 4 (0.13%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 4 (0.13%) Magento
3 4 (0.13%) Maximo
3 4 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.033%) Endur
4 1 (0.033%) Relativity
4 1 (0.033%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.033%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.033%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,025 (33.68%) AWS
2 956 (31.42%) Azure
3 497 (16.33%) Serverless
4 355 (11.67%) AWS Lambda
5 352 (11.57%) GCP
6 183 (6.01%) Amazon S3
7 146 (4.80%) Amazon SQS
8 142 (4.67%) GitHub
9 107 (3.52%) OpenShift
10 102 (3.35%) AWS Step Functions
11 74 (2.43%) Azure Functions
12 69 (2.27%) npm
13 65 (2.14%) SaaS
14 64 (2.10%) Amazon EC2
15 58 (1.91%) AWS CloudFormation
16 50 (1.64%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 49 (1.61%) Power Platform
18 46 (1.51%) PaaS
19 41 (1.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 38 (1.25%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 39 (1.28%) HTTP
2 13 (0.43%) Internet
3 8 (0.26%) RTMP
4 7 (0.23%) DNS
4 7 (0.23%) Intranet
4 7 (0.23%) SAN
5 6 (0.20%) LAN
6 3 (0.099%) Broadband
6 3 (0.099%) DSL
7 2 (0.066%) DVB
7 2 (0.066%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.066%) MQTT
7 2 (0.066%) RTSP
7 2 (0.066%) SSL
7 2 (0.066%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.033%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.033%) Reverse Proxy
8 1 (0.033%) RFID
8 1 (0.033%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 354 (11.63%) SQL Server
2 249 (8.18%) NoSQL
3 241 (7.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 235 (7.72%) MongoDB
5 219 (7.20%) PostgreSQL
6 200 (6.57%) MySQL
7 169 (5.55%) Relational Database
8 112 (3.68%) Amazon RDS
9 91 (2.99%) Redis
10 50 (1.64%) RDBMS
11 42 (1.38%) Azure SQL Database
11 42 (1.38%) Power BI
12 34 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 32 (1.05%) Apache Cassandra
14 30 (0.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 25 (0.82%) Big Data
16 22 (0.72%) Blockchain
17 19 (0.62%) SQL Server 2016
17 19 (0.62%) SQL Server 2017
18 17 (0.56%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 449 (14.76%) Git (software)
2 280 (9.20%) Jenkins
3 147 (4.83%) JIRA
4 115 (3.78%) GitLab
5 110 (3.61%) Maven
6 84 (2.76%) Selenium
7 73 (2.40%) TeamCity
8 72 (2.37%) webpack
9 67 (2.20%) Cucumber
10 62 (2.04%) Mocha
11 61 (2.00%) Visual Studio
12 56 (1.84%) Jasmine
13 55 (1.81%) JUnit
14 53 (1.74%) Sonatype Nexus
15 50 (1.64%) Cypress.io
16 44 (1.45%) Artifactory
17 41 (1.35%) SonarQube
18 40 (1.31%) Bitbucket
19 37 (1.22%) CircleCI
20 35 (1.15%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 679 (22.31%) Finance
2 429 (14.10%) Front Office
3 385 (12.65%) Social Skills
4 250 (8.22%) Banking
5 134 (4.40%) Public Sector
6 123 (4.04%) Analytical Skills
7 87 (2.86%) Investment Banking
8 84 (2.76%) Retail
9 61 (2.00%) Marketing
10 60 (1.97%) Presentation Skills
11 40 (1.31%) Telecoms
12 32 (1.05%) Manufacturing
13 24 (0.79%) Electronics
14 21 (0.69%) Law
15 20 (0.66%) Documentation Skills
16 18 (0.59%) Games
16 18 (0.59%) Publishing
17 17 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
18 13 (0.43%) Inclusion and Diversity
18 13 (0.43%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,404 (79.00%) Developer
2 1,379 (45.32%) Full Stack Developer
3 472 (15.51%) React Developer
4 379 (12.45%) Software Engineer
5 355 (11.67%) Java Developer
6 284 (9.33%) JavaScript Developer
7 266 (8.74%) .NET Developer
8 258 (8.48%) Python Developer
9 255 (8.38%) C# Developer
10 244 (8.02%) Senior Developer
11 205 (6.74%) AWS Engineer
12 200 (6.57%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 179 (5.88%) AWS Developer
14 176 (5.78%) Node.js Developer
15 173 (5.69%) Python Engineer
16 148 (4.86%) Angular Developer
17 111 (3.65%) Azure Developer
18 106 (3.48%) JavaScript Engineer
19 98 (3.22%) AWS Software Engineer
20 94 (3.09%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,525 (50.12%) React
2 1,045 (34.34%) Node.js
3 792 (26.03%) AngularJS
4 723 (23.76%) .NET
5 648 (21.29%) HTML
6 637 (20.93%) CSS
7 317 (10.42%) .NET Core
8 311 (10.22%) REST
9 304 (9.99%) Spring
10 271 (8.91%) HTML5
11 263 (8.64%) RESTful
12 222 (7.30%) GraphQL
13 203 (6.67%) Vue.js
14 197 (6.47%) Spring Boot
15 174 (5.72%) CSS3
16 163 (5.36%) Kafka
16 163 (5.36%) Web Services
17 159 (5.23%) .NET Framework
18 151 (4.96%) Sass
19 146 (4.80%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 231 (7.59%) Equities
1 231 (7.59%) User Experience
2 155 (5.09%) Derivative
3 137 (4.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 128 (4.21%) Fixed Income
5 123 (4.04%) Greenfield Project
6 111 (3.65%) Cloud Native
7 103 (3.38%) Mobile App
8 97 (3.19%) Hedge funds
9 55 (1.81%) Data Structures
10 54 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
11 47 (1.54%) Algorithms
12 46 (1.51%) Data Protection Act
13 41 (1.35%) Public Cloud
14 31 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
15 30 (0.99%) iPad
16 27 (0.89%) Client/Server
16 27 (0.89%) Credit Risk
16 27 (0.89%) Legacy Systems
17 25 (0.82%) Credit Derivative
Operating Systems
1 102 (3.35%) Linux
2 97 (3.19%) Windows
3 28 (0.92%) Unix
4 22 (0.72%) Android
5 19 (0.62%) Apple iOS
6 18 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.33%) Mac OS X
8 7 (0.23%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.13%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.099%) AIX
10 3 (0.099%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.066%) Solaris
12 1 (0.033%) DC/OS
12 1 (0.033%) Mesosphere
12 1 (0.033%) watchOS
12 1 (0.033%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.033%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.033%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,223 (40.19%) Agile Software Development
2 840 (27.60%) Software Engineering
3 747 (24.55%) CI/CD
4 712 (23.40%) DevOps
5 673 (22.12%) Microservices
6 477 (15.68%) TDD
7 338 (11.11%) Asset Management
8 308 (10.12%) Investment Management
9 283 (9.30%) Test Automation
10 278 (9.14%) Front End Development
11 275 (9.04%) Analytics
12 269 (8.84%) Scrum
13 245 (8.05%) MVC
14 212 (6.97%) Problem-Solving
15 196 (6.44%) Web Development
16 190 (6.24%) Continuous Integration
17 169 (5.55%) E-Commerce
18 162 (5.32%) BDD
19 153 (5.03%) SDLC
20 145 (4.77%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,639 (53.86%) JavaScript
2 985 (32.37%) TypeScript
3 815 (26.78%) Java
4 743 (24.42%) SQL
5 724 (23.79%) C#
6 672 (22.08%) Python
7 153 (5.03%) PHP
8 101 (3.32%) Go
9 98 (3.22%) C++
10 89 (2.92%) Java 8
10 89 (2.92%) Kotlin
11 65 (2.14%) T-SQL
12 64 (2.10%) Scala
13 62 (2.04%) Ruby
14 60 (1.97%) PL/SQL
15 58 (1.91%) ES6
16 43 (1.41%) Java 11
17 30 (0.99%) PowerShell
18 27 (0.89%) C
18 27 (0.89%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 140 (4.60%) Security Cleared
2 105 (3.45%) SC Cleared
3 79 (2.60%) Degree
4 52 (1.71%) BPSS Clearance
5 27 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (0.39%) Master's Degree
7 9 (0.30%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.20%) DBS Check
8 6 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
10 3 (0.099%) PhD
10 3 (0.099%) PMP
11 2 (0.066%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.066%) Sun Certification
12 1 (0.033%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.033%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 102 (3.35%) QA
2 96 (3.15%) Accessibility
3 12 (0.39%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.36%) WCAG
5 10 (0.33%) GDPR
6 7 (0.23%) PMO
7 3 (0.099%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.099%) NCSC
8 2 (0.066%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.033%) IFRS
9 1 (0.033%) IFRS 9
9 1 (0.033%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 537 (17.65%) Docker
2 13 (0.43%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.20%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (0.099%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.033%) Firmware
7 1 (0.033%) zsh
Systems Management
1 479 (15.74%) Kubernetes
2 401 (13.18%) Terraform
3 61 (2.00%) Ansible
4 22 (0.72%) Puppet
5 16 (0.53%) Kibana
6 14 (0.46%) logstash
7 13 (0.43%) Graphite
7 13 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
8 12 (0.39%) Prometheus
9 10 (0.33%) Grafana
10 9 (0.30%) Packer
11 8 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
12 5 (0.16%) Istio
12 5 (0.16%) MIIS
13 4 (0.13%) Consul
13 4 (0.13%) Data Guard
13 4 (0.13%) Oracle RMAN
13 4 (0.13%) Oracle ZFS
13 4 (0.13%) Rancher
14 2 (0.066%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 220 (7.23%) Microsoft
2 169 (5.55%) Oracle
3 109 (3.58%) Google
4 47 (1.54%) Red Hat
5 41 (1.35%) SAP
6 38 (1.25%) IBM
7 30 (0.99%) MuleSoft
8 25 (0.82%) Telerik
9 21 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
10 20 (0.66%) Splunk
11 14 (0.46%) Databricks
12 11 (0.36%) Elastic Path
12 11 (0.36%) Perfecto Mobile
13 9 (0.30%) Atlassian
13 9 (0.30%) Blackboard
13 9 (0.30%) ESRI
13 9 (0.30%) New Relic
13 9 (0.30%) Sybase
14 7 (0.23%) Adobe
14 7 (0.23%) Apple