Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Full Stack Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Full Stack Development
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 58 67 64
Rank change year-on-year +9 -3 -1
Contract jobs citing Full Stack Development 3,062 1,034 3,208
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.83% 3.48% 3.63%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.30% 3.99% 4.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,393 763 2,470
10th Percentile £363 £325 £356
25th Percentile £425 £406 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £493
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.52% +3.68%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £588
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £450 £438
% change year-on-year -4.44% +2.86% +7.49%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 4 10
10th Percentile £40.25 " £23.53
25th Percentile £46.31 " £26.56
Median hourly rate £65.50 £40.00 £38.25
Median % change year-on-year +63.75% +4.58% -15.00%
75th Percentile £68.58 £43.75 £49.38
90th Percentile £70.91 £50.50 £57.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £61.00 - £50.00

Full Stack Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 71,134 25,904 77,221
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 88.98% 87.13% 87.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 49,156 17,426 51,624
10th Percentile £319 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £388 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,709 738 2,194
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.93 £11.63
25th Percentile £14.61 £15.75 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.50 £25.00 £22.86
Median % change year-on-year -2.00% +9.37% +18.33%
75th Percentile £48.75 £45.25 £46.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £55.19 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.51 £22.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year -8.84% - +21.49%

Full Stack Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Full Stack Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Development.

Daily rate trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Development.

Hourly rate trend for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Full Stack Development in the UK

Full Stack Development
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Full Stack Development within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 2,588 £525 +5.00% 1,359
London +11 1,824 £550 +4.76% 603
Work from Home -12 896 £495 +10.00% 388
UK excluding London -5 719 £430 -4.44% 835
South East +5 190 £450 -0.58% 183
North of England -34 158 £425 -5.56% 228
South West +26 122 £419 -21.96% 101
Midlands -13 93 £375 +4.17% 138
Scotland -7 90 £450 +5.88% 53
North West -22 84 £404 -10.28% 149
Yorkshire -22 71 £475 +18.75% 56
West Midlands -36 46 £400 -3.03% 97
East of England -39 46 £475 - 98
East Midlands 0 44 £325 -9.72% 41
Northern Ireland -12 14 £450 +12.50% 9
Wales -25 7 £400 +14.29% 27
North East -20 3 £449 -17.33% 23
Isle of Man - 1 £400 -

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Full Stack Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Full Stack Development.

1 1,640 (53.56%) JavaScript
2 1,497 (48.89%) React
3 1,279 (41.77%) Agile Software Development
4 1,023 (33.41%) Node.js
5 980 (32.01%) AWS
6 918 (29.98%) TypeScript
7 875 (28.58%) AngularJS
8 854 (27.89%) Java
9 831 (27.14%) Azure
10 812 (26.52%) Software Engineering
11 742 (24.23%) .NET
12 715 (23.35%) C#
13 706 (23.06%) Finance
14 702 (22.93%) SQL
15 672 (21.95%) HTML
16 665 (21.72%) DevOps
17 656 (21.42%) CSS
18 645 (21.06%) Microservices
19 620 (20.25%) Docker
20 599 (19.56%) Serverless
21 567 (18.52%) Python
22 566 (18.48%) Kubernetes
23 508 (16.59%) TDD
24 474 (15.48%) Git (software)
25 473 (15.45%) AWS Lambda
26 453 (14.79%) Web Services
27 407 (13.29%) Front Office
28 396 (12.93%) Terraform
29 387 (12.64%) Social Skills
30 379 (12.38%) Spring

Full Stack Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 72 (2.35%) Elasticsearch
2 64 (2.09%) CMS
3 56 (1.83%) Confluence
4 52 (1.70%) Apache
5 41 (1.34%) SharePoint
5 41 (1.34%) Tomcat
6 40 (1.31%) BizTalk Server
7 28 (0.91%) nginx
8 23 (0.75%) Drupal
9 22 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
10 20 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
11 18 (0.59%) Headless CMS
12 17 (0.56%) WordPress
13 16 (0.52%) Apache Spark
14 14 (0.46%) EPiServer
14 14 (0.46%) WebSphere
15 12 (0.39%) Umbraco
16 11 (0.36%) IIS
17 10 (0.33%) JBoss
18 9 (0.29%) WebLogic
Applications
1 7 (0.23%) Chatbot
1 7 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.13%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.098%) GIMP
5 2 (0.065%) Figma
6 1 (0.033%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.033%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.033%) Siemens NX
6 1 (0.033%) Sketch
6 1 (0.033%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 16 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.26%) Shopify
3 5 (0.16%) Magento
4 3 (0.098%) Dynamics NAV
4 3 (0.098%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.065%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.065%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.033%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.033%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.033%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.033%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.033%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.033%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 980 (32.01%) AWS
2 831 (27.14%) Azure
3 599 (19.56%) Serverless
4 473 (15.45%) AWS Lambda
5 290 (9.47%) Amazon S3
6 222 (7.25%) Amazon SQS
7 213 (6.96%) GCP
8 187 (6.11%) AWS Step Functions
9 104 (3.40%) GitHub
10 82 (2.68%) OpenShift
11 80 (2.61%) Amazon EC2
12 73 (2.38%) PaaS
13 70 (2.29%) Azure Functions
13 70 (2.29%) SaaS
14 69 (2.25%) npm
15 63 (2.06%) IaaS
16 60 (1.96%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 52 (1.70%) AWS CloudFormation
18 45 (1.47%) Power Platform
19 44 (1.44%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 49 (1.60%) HTTP
2 23 (0.75%) Internet
3 14 (0.46%) DNS
4 10 (0.33%) AMQP
5 8 (0.26%) HTTPS
6 7 (0.23%) SAN
7 6 (0.20%) LAN
8 5 (0.16%) Kerberos
8 5 (0.16%) MQTT
8 5 (0.16%) TCP/IP
8 5 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
9 4 (0.13%) Firewall
9 4 (0.13%) RTMP
9 4 (0.13%) SSL
9 4 (0.13%) UPnP
9 4 (0.13%) VPN
9 4 (0.13%) ZigBee
10 3 (0.098%) Bluetooth
10 3 (0.098%) IPv4
10 3 (0.098%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (11.07%) SQL Server
2 316 (10.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 237 (7.74%) MongoDB
4 221 (7.22%) NoSQL
5 207 (6.76%) Amazon RDS
6 179 (5.85%) PostgreSQL
7 170 (5.55%) MySQL
8 124 (4.05%) Relational Database
9 97 (3.17%) Redis
10 64 (2.09%) Azure SQL Database
11 40 (1.31%) Power BI
12 36 (1.18%) RDBMS
13 30 (0.98%) Apache Cassandra
14 27 (0.88%) Oracle Database
15 26 (0.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 25 (0.82%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 23 (0.75%) Big Data
18 21 (0.69%) DB2
18 21 (0.69%) Neo4j
18 21 (0.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 474 (15.48%) Git (software)
2 275 (8.98%) Jenkins
3 145 (4.74%) JIRA
4 122 (3.98%) Maven
5 100 (3.27%) Cucumber
6 88 (2.87%) JUnit
7 77 (2.51%) Mocha
8 76 (2.48%) webpack
9 72 (2.35%) GitLab
9 72 (2.35%) Selenium
10 70 (2.29%) TeamCity
11 56 (1.83%) Cypress.io
12 49 (1.60%) Jasmine
13 48 (1.57%) Bitbucket
13 48 (1.57%) Subversion
14 47 (1.53%) Visual Studio
15 41 (1.34%) CircleCI
16 40 (1.31%) Sonatype Nexus
17 37 (1.21%) gulp
17 37 (1.21%) JMeter
General
1 706 (23.06%) Finance
2 407 (13.29%) Front Office
3 387 (12.64%) Social Skills
4 286 (9.34%) Banking
5 114 (3.72%) Analytical Skills
6 101 (3.30%) Public Sector
7 99 (3.23%) Investment Banking
8 71 (2.32%) Retail
9 56 (1.83%) Marketing
10 55 (1.80%) Presentation Skills
11 42 (1.37%) Documentation Skills
12 31 (1.01%) Manufacturing
13 27 (0.88%) Games
13 27 (0.88%) Telecoms
14 24 (0.78%) Organisational Skills
15 20 (0.65%) Automotive
15 20 (0.65%) Electronics
16 16 (0.52%) Law
17 15 (0.49%) Legal
18 14 (0.46%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,377 (77.63%) Developer
2 1,391 (45.43%) Full Stack Developer
3 520 (16.98%) React Developer
4 363 (11.85%) Software Engineer
5 350 (11.43%) Java Developer
6 340 (11.10%) JavaScript Developer
7 317 (10.35%) .NET Developer
8 284 (9.27%) C# Developer
9 205 (6.69%) Senior Developer
10 177 (5.78%) Node.js Developer
11 171 (5.58%) Angular Developer
11 171 (5.58%) Python Developer
12 170 (5.55%) AWS Developer
13 149 (4.87%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 131 (4.28%) JavaScript Engineer
15 121 (3.95%) C# .NET Developer
16 113 (3.69%) AWS Engineer
17 112 (3.66%) Python Engineer
18 96 (3.14%) Senior Full Stack Developer
19 95 (3.10%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,497 (48.89%) React
2 1,023 (33.41%) Node.js
3 875 (28.58%) AngularJS
4 742 (24.23%) .NET
5 672 (21.95%) HTML
6 656 (21.42%) CSS
7 453 (14.79%) Web Services
8 379 (12.38%) Spring
9 357 (11.66%) .NET Core
10 289 (9.44%) REST
11 275 (8.98%) RESTful
12 270 (8.82%) Spring Boot
13 265 (8.65%) GraphQL
13 265 (8.65%) HTML5
14 242 (7.90%) Vue.js
15 193 (6.30%) Material-UI
16 179 (5.85%) .NET Framework
17 167 (5.45%) ASP.NET
18 160 (5.23%) Kafka
19 155 (5.06%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 202 (6.60%) User Experience
2 161 (5.26%) Fixed Income
3 136 (4.44%) Cloud Native
4 133 (4.34%) Equities
5 128 (4.18%) Derivative
5 128 (4.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 118 (3.85%) Greenfield Project
7 82 (2.68%) Mobile App
8 77 (2.51%) Data Structures
9 56 (1.83%) Data Protection Act
10 55 (1.80%) Legacy Systems
11 53 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
12 50 (1.63%) Hedge funds
13 48 (1.57%) Credit Risk
14 43 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
15 42 (1.37%) Algorithms
16 33 (1.08%) Public Cloud
17 29 (0.95%) Client/Server
18 22 (0.72%) CMDB
18 22 (0.72%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 112 (3.66%) Linux
2 80 (2.61%) Windows
3 52 (1.70%) Unix
4 20 (0.65%) Android
5 13 (0.42%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
8 5 (0.16%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.16%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.13%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.065%) AIX
10 2 (0.065%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.065%) Debian
10 2 (0.065%) VMS
11 1 (0.033%) DC/OS
11 1 (0.033%) Mesosphere
11 1 (0.033%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.033%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.033%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,279 (41.77%) Agile Software Development
2 812 (26.52%) Software Engineering
3 665 (21.72%) DevOps
4 645 (21.06%) Microservices
5 508 (16.59%) TDD
6 328 (10.71%) Scrum
7 307 (10.03%) Asset Management
8 299 (9.76%) Test Automation
9 287 (9.37%) Investment Management
10 235 (7.67%) Front End Development
11 217 (7.09%) Continuous Integration
12 204 (6.66%) Problem-Solving
13 195 (6.37%) MVC
14 193 (6.30%) BDD
15 189 (6.17%) SDLC
16 188 (6.14%) Unit Testing
17 187 (6.11%) Analytics
18 183 (5.98%) Web Development
19 163 (5.32%) OO
20 158 (5.16%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,640 (53.56%) JavaScript
2 918 (29.98%) TypeScript
3 854 (27.89%) Java
4 715 (23.35%) C#
5 702 (22.93%) SQL
6 567 (18.52%) Python
7 185 (6.04%) PHP
8 143 (4.67%) C++
9 125 (4.08%) Kotlin
10 100 (3.27%) Go
11 99 (3.23%) Java 8
12 79 (2.58%) ES6
13 70 (2.29%) Scala
14 67 (2.19%) PL/SQL
15 66 (2.16%) Ruby
16 63 (2.06%) T-SQL
17 30 (0.98%) PowerShell
18 28 (0.91%) Shell Script
19 27 (0.88%) Java 11
20 24 (0.78%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 118 (3.85%) Security Cleared
2 113 (3.69%) Degree
3 94 (3.07%) SC Cleared
4 37 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
6 16 (0.52%) Master's Degree
7 10 (0.33%) AWS Certification
8 9 (0.29%) Sun Certification
9 8 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
10 4 (0.13%) ISTQB
10 4 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.098%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.065%) CISSP
12 2 (0.065%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.065%) MCSA
12 2 (0.065%) PhD
12 2 (0.065%) Postgraduate
12 2 (0.065%) TOGAF Certification
13 1 (0.033%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (3.92%) Accessibility
2 73 (2.38%) QA
3 12 (0.39%) GDPR
4 10 (0.33%) PMO
4 10 (0.33%) WCAG
5 2 (0.065%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.065%) GRC
5 2 (0.065%) NCSC
5 2 (0.065%) NIST
5 2 (0.065%) SLA
6 1 (0.033%) COBIT
6 1 (0.033%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.033%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.033%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.033%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.033%) WAI
System Software
1 620 (20.25%) Docker
2 26 (0.85%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.065%) iptables
5 2 (0.065%) Postfix
6 1 (0.033%) KVM
6 1 (0.033%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.033%) Shibboleth
6 1 (0.033%) Varnish
6 1 (0.033%) zsh
Systems Management
1 566 (18.48%) Kubernetes
2 396 (12.93%) Terraform
3 91 (2.97%) Ansible
4 36 (1.18%) Grafana
5 33 (1.08%) Prometheus
6 30 (0.98%) Puppet
7 26 (0.85%) Kibana
8 25 (0.82%) Graphite
9 17 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
10 16 (0.52%) MIIS
11 13 (0.42%) logstash
12 8 (0.26%) Packer
13 7 (0.23%) AirWatch
13 7 (0.23%) NetBackup
14 6 (0.20%) HP Fortify
14 6 (0.20%) Istio
15 4 (0.13%) Bugsnag
15 4 (0.13%) Tivoli
16 3 (0.098%) Microsoft Intune
17 2 (0.065%) Netcool
Vendors
1 232 (7.58%) Oracle
2 198 (6.47%) Microsoft
3 72 (2.35%) Google
4 49 (1.60%) MuleSoft
5 42 (1.37%) SAP
6 38 (1.24%) Splunk
7 29 (0.95%) Salesforce.com
8 22 (0.72%) IBM
9 20 (0.65%) Telerik
10 16 (0.52%) New Relic
11 14 (0.46%) Sybase
11 14 (0.46%) VMware
12 13 (0.42%) Dynatrace
13 12 (0.39%) Sitecore
14 11 (0.36%) Adobe
14 11 (0.36%) Red Hat
15 10 (0.33%) AppDynamics
15 10 (0.33%) Perfecto Mobile
16 9 (0.29%) OpenText
17 8 (0.26%) Facebook