Period
to 25 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 25 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Physics
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 655 686 755
Rank change year-on-year +31 +69 -16
Contract jobs citing Physics 227 144 120
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.23% 0.16% 0.11%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.26% 0.19% 0.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 144 96 73
UK median daily rate £600 £513 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +17.07% -2.38% -4.55%
10th Percentile £340 £350 £290
90th Percentile £889 £641 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £423 £350
% change year-on-year +12.43% +20.71% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 6 3
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £32.25 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +39.53% -19.38% -7.51%
10th Percentile £15.25 £18.75 £23.19
90th Percentile £50.00 £44.38 £43.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £32.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year +24.03% -19.38% -7.51%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,091 77,679 89,353
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.68% 84.79% 84.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,757 50,812 58,840
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,340 2,080 2,256
UK median hourly rate £21.74 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.04% - +17.23%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.50 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% -7.41% +25.29%

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Physics.

Contractor daily rate trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 25 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Physics.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 25 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +54 220 £600 +17.07% 259
London +3 126 £625 +18.48% 72
UK excluding London +3 101 £475 +12.43% 204
South East +7 47 £450 +12.49% 58
East of England +25 25 £525 +16.67% 74
Midlands -10 10 £675 +59.76% 14
North of England -29 9 £638 +6.25% 16
East Midlands +1 5 £675 +59.76% 8
West Midlands -17 5 £250 -47.37% 6
Scotland -42 5 £395 +43.64% 13
North West -21 4 £400 -33.33% 8
North East - 4 £650 - 2
South West +1 3 - - 25
Wales -12 2 £404 -1.52% 3
Yorkshire - 1 £475 - 6

For the 6 months to 25 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 170 (74.89%) Mathematics
2 138 (60.79%) Degree
3 121 (53.30%) Computer Science
4 94 (41.41%) Python
5 83 (36.56%) Java
6 74 (32.60%) C++
7 67 (29.52%) Finance
8 63 (27.75%) OO
9 59 (25.99%) Front Office
10 55 (24.23%) Problem-Solving
11 46 (20.26%) C#
12 44 (19.38%) Analytics
13 41 (18.06%) SQL
14 39 (17.18%) Machine Learning
15 37 (16.30%) PhD
16 36 (15.86%) Quantitative Research
17 35 (15.42%) Statistics
17 35 (15.42%) Analytical Skills
18 34 (14.98%) Data Science
19 33 (14.54%) Electronic Trading
20 31 (13.66%) OOP
20 31 (13.66%) Numerate Degree
21 29 (12.78%) Artificial Intelligence
21 29 (12.78%) Multithreading
21 29 (12.78%) Test Strategy
22 28 (12.33%) Software Engineering
22 28 (12.33%) Banking
22 28 (12.33%) Validation
23 25 (11.01%) Linux
23 25 (11.01%) Agile Software Development

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (7.49%) Apache Spark
2 13 (5.73%) Apache
3 7 (3.08%) Jupyter
4 5 (2.20%) SAS
5 4 (1.76%) Apache Pig
6 1 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
6 1 (0.44%) Confluence
6 1 (0.44%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.44%) GeoServer
6 1 (0.44%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 1 (0.44%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.44%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 8 (3.52%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (2.20%) SPSS
3 4 (1.76%) Chatbot
3 4 (1.76%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (1.32%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.88%) Maya
6 1 (0.44%) 3ds Max
6 1 (0.44%) Mathematica
6 1 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.44%) Simulink
6 1 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 2 (0.88%) ReMetrica
2 1 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.44%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.44%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 15 (6.61%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (6.17%) Microsoft Azure
3 8 (3.52%) Azure Machine Learning
3 8 (3.52%) Cloud Computing
4 3 (1.32%) GitHub
5 2 (0.88%) Amazon Kinesis
5 2 (0.88%) Amazon S3
5 2 (0.88%) Google Cloud Platform
5 2 (0.88%) iTunes
6 1 (0.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 1 (0.44%) Amazon EC2
6 1 (0.44%) Amazon SQS
6 1 (0.44%) AWS CloudFormation
6 1 (0.44%) AWS CloudTrail
6 1 (0.44%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
6 1 (0.44%) CloudFront
6 1 (0.44%) G Suite
6 1 (0.44%) Office 365
6 1 (0.44%) PaaS
6 1 (0.44%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.64%) Internet
2 5 (2.20%) TCP/IP
3 3 (1.32%) DHCP
3 3 (1.32%) DNS
3 3 (1.32%) ICMP
3 3 (1.32%) SMS
4 2 (0.88%) 3G
4 2 (0.88%) LTE
5 1 (0.44%) DVB
5 1 (0.44%) FlexRay
5 1 (0.44%) HbbTV
5 1 (0.44%) HTTP
5 1 (0.44%) MQTT
5 1 (0.44%) RS-232
5 1 (0.44%) RS-485
5 1 (0.44%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (8.37%) Big Data
2 18 (7.93%) Hadoop
3 13 (5.73%) Geospatial Data
4 11 (4.85%) Apache Hive
5 9 (3.96%) NoSQL
6 8 (3.52%) Relational Database
7 7 (3.08%) MySQL
7 7 (3.08%) Power BI
8 6 (2.64%) Apache Zeppelin
8 6 (2.64%) KDB
8 6 (2.64%) SQL Server
9 4 (1.76%) PostgreSQL
9 4 (1.76%) SQL Server 2016
10 2 (0.88%) Kdb+
10 2 (0.88%) MongoDB
11 1 (0.44%) Amazon Redshift
11 1 (0.44%) Blockchain
11 1 (0.44%) BusinessObjects Business Intelligence
11 1 (0.44%) SAP HANA
11 1 (0.44%) Tick Data
Development Applications
1 18 (7.93%) Git (software)
2 11 (4.85%) Jenkins
3 7 (3.08%) Maven
3 7 (3.08%) Visual Studio
4 6 (2.64%) Eclipse
4 6 (2.64%) IntelliJ
5 5 (2.20%) Selenium
6 4 (1.76%) Rational DOORS
7 3 (1.32%) Cucumber
7 3 (1.32%) JIRA
7 3 (1.32%) LabVIEW
7 3 (1.32%) MonoDevelop
7 3 (1.32%) Subversion
7 3 (1.32%) WebDriver
8 2 (0.88%) CMake
8 2 (0.88%) Sonatype Nexus
8 2 (0.88%) Team Foundation Server
9 1 (0.44%) GitLab
9 1 (0.44%) Gradle
9 1 (0.44%) Rational Rhapsody
General
1 67 (29.52%) Finance
2 59 (25.99%) Front Office
3 28 (12.33%) Banking
4 18 (7.93%) Telecoms
5 13 (5.73%) Games
6 12 (5.29%) Financial Institution
6 12 (5.29%) Investment Banking
7 10 (4.41%) Manufacturing
8 7 (3.08%) Back Office
9 6 (2.64%) Aerospace
10 5 (2.20%) Electronics
10 5 (2.20%) Law
10 5 (2.20%) Military
11 4 (1.76%) Retail
12 3 (1.32%) Automotive
12 3 (1.32%) Marketing
13 2 (0.88%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.88%) Publishing
14 1 (0.44%) French Language
14 1 (0.44%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 100 (44.05%) Developer
2 40 (17.62%) Analyst
3 36 (15.86%) Quantitative Developer
4 34 (14.98%) Java Developer
5 25 (11.01%) C# Developer
6 24 (10.57%) Data Scientist
7 22 (9.69%) Qualitative Analyst
7 22 (9.69%) Quantitative Analyst
8 20 (8.81%) Front Office Developer
9 17 (7.49%) Electronic Trading Developer
9 17 (7.49%) Java Quantitative Developer
10 15 (6.61%) C++ Developer
10 15 (6.61%) Software Engineer
11 14 (6.17%) Analyst Developer
11 14 (6.17%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
11 14 (6.17%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
12 13 (5.73%) Python Developer
13 12 (5.29%) C++ Quantitative Developer
13 12 (5.29%) C++/C# Developer
13 12 (5.29%) Design Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (7.49%) .NET
2 15 (6.61%) TensorFlow
3 12 (5.29%) PySpark
4 9 (3.96%) Keras
5 8 (3.52%) HTML
5 8 (3.52%) Kafka
5 8 (3.52%) Pandas
6 7 (3.08%) AngularJS
6 7 (3.08%) HTML5
6 7 (3.08%) Natural Language Processing
6 7 (3.08%) Web Services
6 7 (3.08%) WPF
7 6 (2.64%) Entity Framework
7 6 (2.64%) MLlib
8 5 (2.20%) CSS
8 5 (2.20%) Django
8 5 (2.20%) jQuery
8 5 (2.20%) JSON
8 5 (2.20%) Unity (Game Engine)
9 4 (1.76%) Theano
Miscellaneous
1 121 (53.30%) Computer Science
2 35 (15.42%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (10.57%) Algorithms
4 19 (8.37%) Derivative
5 16 (7.05%) Market Risk
6 12 (5.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 11 (4.85%) Credit Risk
8 10 (4.41%) Hedge funds
9 9 (3.96%) Data Structures
10 6 (2.64%) Greenfield Project
10 6 (2.64%) User Experience
11 4 (1.76%) Management Information System
11 4 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (1.32%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
12 3 (1.32%) Graphic Design
12 3 (1.32%) iPhone
12 3 (1.32%) Life Science
12 3 (1.32%) Mobile App
13 2 (0.88%) FMCG
13 2 (0.88%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 25 (11.01%) Linux
2 11 (4.85%) Unix
3 8 (3.52%) Android
4 7 (3.08%) Apple iOS
5 6 (2.64%) Windows
6 2 (0.88%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
7 1 (0.44%) FreeRTOS
7 1 (0.44%) VMS
7 1 (0.44%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 170 (74.89%) Mathematics
2 63 (27.75%) OO
3 55 (24.23%) Problem-Solving
4 44 (19.38%) Analytics
5 39 (17.18%) Machine Learning
6 36 (15.86%) Quantitative Research
7 35 (15.42%) Statistics
8 34 (14.98%) Data Science
9 33 (14.54%) Electronic Trading
10 31 (13.66%) OOP
11 29 (12.78%) Artificial Intelligence
11 29 (12.78%) Multithreading
11 29 (12.78%) Test Strategy
12 28 (12.33%) Software Engineering
12 28 (12.33%) Validation
13 25 (11.01%) Agile Software Development
14 23 (10.13%) Visualisation
15 20 (8.81%) TDD
16 18 (7.93%) Release Management
17 16 (7.05%) Quantitative Finance
Programming Languages
1 94 (41.41%) Python
2 83 (36.56%) Java
3 74 (32.60%) C++
4 46 (20.26%) C#
5 41 (18.06%) SQL
6 22 (9.69%) R
7 14 (6.17%) JavaScript
8 12 (5.29%) MATLAB
8 12 (5.29%) Scala
9 10 (4.41%) C
10 6 (2.64%) Perl
11 5 (2.20%) Bash Shell
12 4 (1.76%) PHP
13 3 (1.32%) Go
13 3 (1.32%) VBA
14 2 (0.88%) Ruby
14 2 (0.88%) Shell Script
14 2 (0.88%) XAML
15 1 (0.44%) Objective-C
15 1 (0.44%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 138 (60.79%) Degree
2 37 (16.30%) PhD
3 31 (13.66%) Numerate Degree
4 22 (9.69%) Master's Degree
5 11 (4.85%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (3.52%) Security Cleared
7 6 (2.64%) SC Cleared
8 2 (0.88%) HPE ATP
8 2 (0.88%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.44%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.44%) Chartered Engineer
9 1 (0.44%) ISEB
9 1 (0.44%) MCSD
9 1 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.44%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.44%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.44%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.52%) QA
2 6 (2.64%) GDPR
2 6 (2.64%) IFRS
3 5 (2.20%) IFRS 9
4 3 (1.32%) EMIR
5 2 (0.88%) MISRA
5 2 (0.88%) MISRA C
6 1 (0.44%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.44%) Def Stans
6 1 (0.44%) ISO 26262
6 1 (0.44%) MiFID
System Software
1 6 (2.64%) HDFS
2 3 (1.32%) Docker
3 1 (0.44%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.44%) Firmware
3 1 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.44%) Xen
Systems Management
1 2 (0.88%) Ansible
1 2 (0.88%) HP ALM
1 2 (0.88%) HP Operations Orchestration
2 1 (0.44%) Business Desktop Deployment
2 1 (0.44%) Kibana
2 1 (0.44%) Mesos
2 1 (0.44%) Nagios
2 1 (0.44%) Oozie
2 1 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
2 1 (0.44%) Puppet
Vendors
1 14 (6.17%) Microsoft
2 12 (5.29%) Tableau
3 8 (3.52%) Oracle
4 5 (2.20%) SAP
5 4 (1.76%) Alteryx
5 4 (1.76%) Google
5 4 (1.76%) HP
5 4 (1.76%) RapidMiner
5 4 (1.76%) Sybase
6 3 (1.32%) Green Hills
7 2 (0.88%) Capita
7 2 (0.88%) hybris
7 2 (0.88%) Splunk
8 1 (0.44%) Automation Anywhere
8 1 (0.44%) Blue Prism
8 1 (0.44%) Optimizely
8 1 (0.44%) Typemock
8 1 (0.44%) VMware