Period
to 23 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 23 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Physics
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 624 773 750
Rank change year-on-year +149 -23 -12
Contract jobs citing Physics 231 110 151
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.10% 0.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.28% 0.12% 0.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 167 68 103
UK median daily rate £550 £413 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +33.33% -21.43% -
10th Percentile £378 £268 £300
90th Percentile £913 £769 £708
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £350 £400
% change year-on-year +31.43% -12.50% +12.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 17
UK median hourly rate £39.50 £28.63 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +37.99% -23.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £15.10 £18.71 £35.00
90th Percentile £44.50 £40.04 £41.08
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -1.25% +6.67% +7.14%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 82647 89976 92938
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.41% 83.73% 81.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 54590 59582 60114
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +4.29% +1.88%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £598
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2001 2279 2628
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £24.00 £22.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.08% +7.01% +12.14%
10th Percentile £11.52 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.08 £47.57
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.83
% change year-on-year - +9.51% +8.71%

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Physics.

Contractor daily rate trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 23 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Physics.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 23 September 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +139 199 £550 +27.54% 93
London +89 143 £610 +10.91% 39
UK excluding London +86 80 £460 +31.43% 56
South East +39 22 £425 +46.55% 14
Northern Ireland - 13 £600 - 1
East of England +1 11 £450 +32.35% 27
North of England +73 9 £475 +35.71% 5
North West +39 9 £475 +35.71% 3
Scotland +21 8 £475 +35.71% 1
South West +16 8 £398 -0.63% 4
Midlands +29 6 £449 +23.96% 4
West Midlands +40 3 £475 +31.22% 1
Wales -1 3 £410 +5.81%
East Midlands - 3 £423 - 3

For the 6 months to 23 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 183 (79.22%) Mathematics
2 138 (59.74%) Degree
3 105 (45.45%) Computer Science
4 98 (42.42%) Python
5 93 (40.26%) Finance
6 89 (38.53%) C++
7 74 (32.03%) C#
8 57 (24.68%) Java
9 52 (22.51%) Analytical Skills
10 47 (20.35%) Analytics
11 44 (19.05%) PhD
11 44 (19.05%) Validation
12 43 (18.61%) Statistics
13 40 (17.32%) Banking
14 39 (16.88%) Machine Learning
15 36 (15.58%) Front Office
16 33 (14.29%) SQL
16 33 (14.29%) R
17 31 (13.42%) TDD
18 30 (12.99%) QA
19 29 (12.55%) Market Risk
20 28 (12.12%) Agile Software Development
21 27 (11.69%) Credit Risk
22 26 (11.26%) Stochastic Modelling
22 26 (11.26%) OOP
22 26 (11.26%) OO
23 25 (10.82%) Benchmarking
23 25 (10.82%) Derivative
23 25 (10.82%) Multithreading
23 25 (10.82%) Algorithms

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (2.60%) Apache Spark
1 6 (2.60%) Elasticsearch
2 4 (1.73%) Apache
3 3 (1.30%) Apache Pig
3 3 (1.30%) SAS
4 1 (0.43%) Apache Solr
4 1 (0.43%) CMS
4 1 (0.43%) Confluence
4 1 (0.43%) Drupal
4 1 (0.43%) IIS
4 1 (0.43%) Sitecore CMS
4 1 (0.43%) Umbraco
4 1 (0.43%) WordPress
Applications
1 6 (2.60%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (2.60%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.43%) Doxygen
3 1 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.43%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 1 (0.43%) Loan IQ
Cloud Services
1 14 (6.06%) Amazon AWS
2 10 (4.33%) Microsoft Azure
3 5 (2.16%) PaaS
4 4 (1.73%) Amazon EC2
5 3 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
5 3 (1.30%) GitHub
5 3 (1.30%) Google Cloud Platform
6 1 (0.43%) Google Analytics
6 1 (0.43%) iTunes
6 1 (0.43%) npm
6 1 (0.43%) SaaS
6 1 (0.43%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 11 (4.76%) DNS
1 11 (4.76%) Firewall
2 10 (4.33%) HTTP
3 9 (3.90%) VPN
4 8 (3.46%) DHCP
5 7 (3.03%) Cisco ASA
6 6 (2.60%) LDAP
6 6 (2.60%) Network Security
6 6 (2.60%) TCP/IP
7 5 (2.16%) BGP
7 5 (2.16%) Ethernet
7 5 (2.16%) FTP
7 5 (2.16%) IPsec
7 5 (2.16%) Junos
7 5 (2.16%) OpenVPN
7 5 (2.16%) Quagga
7 5 (2.16%) SSL
7 5 (2.16%) Wireless
8 4 (1.73%) tcpdump
8 4 (1.73%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (9.52%) SQL Server
2 20 (8.66%) Big Data
3 16 (6.93%) Hadoop
4 14 (6.06%) SQL Server 2016
5 13 (5.63%) KDB
6 12 (5.19%) NoSQL
7 9 (3.90%) MongoDB
7 9 (3.90%) Relational Database
8 6 (2.60%) Apache Cassandra
8 6 (2.60%) Data Mining
9 5 (2.16%) Neo4j
10 4 (1.73%) Apache Hive
10 4 (1.73%) MySQL
11 3 (1.30%) BigQuery
11 3 (1.30%) HBase
11 3 (1.30%) Mahout
11 3 (1.30%) Text Mining
12 2 (0.87%) RDBMS
13 1 (0.43%) GIS
13 1 (0.43%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 15 (6.49%) Git (software)
2 10 (4.33%) Rational DOORS
3 8 (3.46%) Subversion
4 6 (2.60%) JIRA
4 6 (2.60%) Maven
5 5 (2.16%) Ant
5 5 (2.16%) Cucumber
6 4 (1.73%) Jenkins
6 4 (1.73%) Selenium
6 4 (1.73%) WebDriver
7 3 (1.30%) Eclipse
7 3 (1.30%) Visual Studio
7 3 (1.30%) Visual Studio Team System
8 2 (0.87%) Eclipse RCP
9 1 (0.43%) GCC
9 1 (0.43%) GDB
9 1 (0.43%) MSBuild
9 1 (0.43%) NuGet
9 1 (0.43%) Rational Rhapsody
9 1 (0.43%) SoapUI
General
1 93 (40.26%) Finance
2 40 (17.32%) Banking
3 36 (15.58%) Front Office
4 24 (10.39%) Investment Banking
5 13 (5.63%) Marketing
6 9 (3.90%) Aerospace
6 9 (3.90%) Electronics
7 5 (2.16%) Games
7 5 (2.16%) Telecoms
8 3 (1.30%) Financial Institution
8 3 (1.30%) Manufacturing
8 3 (1.30%) Military
8 3 (1.30%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (0.87%) Billing
9 2 (0.87%) Legal
10 1 (0.43%) Advertising
10 1 (0.43%) Automotive
10 1 (0.43%) Digital Economy
10 1 (0.43%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 96 (41.56%) Developer
2 39 (16.88%) Data Scientist
3 38 (16.45%) Quantitative Developer
4 37 (16.02%) Analyst
5 35 (15.15%) C++ Developer
6 29 (12.55%) C++ Quantitative Developer
7 27 (11.69%) Qualitative Analyst
7 27 (11.69%) Quantitative Analyst
8 25 (10.82%) Risk Analyst
9 24 (10.39%) Quantitative Risk Analyst
10 22 (9.52%) C# Developer
11 19 (8.23%) Java Developer
12 18 (7.79%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
13 14 (6.06%) WPF Developer
14 13 (5.63%) Credit Risk C++ Developer
14 13 (5.63%) Credit Risk Developer
14 13 (5.63%) Systems Engineer
15 12 (5.19%) Java Quantitative Developer
15 12 (5.19%) Market Risk Analyst
15 12 (5.19%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (6.93%) WPF
2 14 (6.06%) Entity Framework
3 13 (5.63%) .NET
4 9 (3.90%) JSON
4 9 (3.90%) Pandas
4 9 (3.90%) RabbitMQ
4 9 (3.90%) XML
5 7 (3.03%) CSS
5 7 (3.03%) scikit-learn
6 6 (2.60%) Node.js
6 6 (2.60%) REST
7 5 (2.16%) HTML
7 5 (2.16%) JNI
7 5 (2.16%) MSMQ
7 5 (2.16%) NumPy
7 5 (2.16%) Web Services
8 4 (1.73%) Ajax
8 4 (1.73%) Natural Language Processing
9 3 (1.30%) .NET Framework
9 3 (1.30%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 105 (45.45%) Computer Science
2 52 (22.51%) Analytical Skills
3 29 (12.55%) Market Risk
4 27 (11.69%) Credit Risk
5 25 (10.82%) Algorithms
5 25 (10.82%) Derivative
6 13 (5.63%) Greenfield Project
7 12 (5.19%) Management Information System
8 11 (4.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 5 (2.16%) Data Centre
9 5 (2.16%) Data Structures
9 5 (2.16%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 4 (1.73%) Equities
10 4 (1.73%) Public Cloud
11 2 (0.87%) ASIC
11 2 (0.87%) CESG
11 2 (0.87%) Fintech
11 2 (0.87%) PlayStation
11 2 (0.87%) Renewable Energy
11 2 (0.87%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 24 (10.39%) Unix
2 22 (9.52%) Windows
3 18 (7.79%) Linux
4 5 (2.16%) Windows Server 2008
5 3 (1.30%) Windows Server
6 2 (0.87%) Android
6 2 (0.87%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.43%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 183 (79.22%) Mathematics
2 47 (20.35%) Analytics
3 44 (19.05%) Validation
4 43 (18.61%) Statistics
5 39 (16.88%) Machine Learning
6 31 (13.42%) TDD
7 28 (12.12%) Agile Software Development
8 26 (11.26%) OO
8 26 (11.26%) OOP
8 26 (11.26%) Stochastic Modelling
9 25 (10.82%) Benchmarking
9 25 (10.82%) Multithreading
10 24 (10.39%) Quantitative Finance
11 23 (9.96%) Internal Audit
12 19 (8.23%) Software Engineering
13 18 (7.79%) Test Strategy
14 16 (6.93%) DevOps
14 16 (6.93%) Quantitative Research
15 15 (6.49%) Electronic Trading
15 15 (6.49%) Low Latency
Programming Languages
1 98 (42.42%) Python
2 89 (38.53%) C++
3 74 (32.03%) C#
4 57 (24.68%) Java
5 33 (14.29%) R
5 33 (14.29%) SQL
6 17 (7.36%) Ruby
7 15 (6.49%) Perl
8 14 (6.06%) Shell Script
9 9 (3.90%) Bash Shell
10 7 (3.03%) C
10 7 (3.03%) Scala
11 6 (2.60%) JavaScript
11 6 (2.60%) MATLAB
12 5 (2.16%) C-shell
12 5 (2.16%) Go
12 5 (2.16%) Korn
12 5 (2.16%) VBA
13 3 (1.30%) PowerShell
13 3 (1.30%) VB
Qualifications
1 138 (59.74%) Degree
2 44 (19.05%) PhD
3 22 (9.52%) Computer Science Degree
4 19 (8.23%) Numerate Degree
5 13 (5.63%) Security Cleared
6 12 (5.19%) Master's Degree
6 12 (5.19%) SC Cleared
7 3 (1.30%) Sun Certification
8 2 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.43%) A+ Certification
9 1 (0.43%) CompTIA Security+
9 1 (0.43%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.43%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 1 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.43%) Network+ Certification
9 1 (0.43%) Postgraduate
9 1 (0.43%) Security+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (12.99%) QA
2 6 (2.60%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.87%) MISRA
3 2 (0.87%) MISRA C
4 1 (0.43%) Basel III
4 1 (0.43%) ECSS
4 1 (0.43%) EMIR
4 1 (0.43%) IEC 61508
4 1 (0.43%) IEC 62304
4 1 (0.43%) ISO 26262
4 1 (0.43%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 17025
4 1 (0.43%) MIL-STD-498
4 1 (0.43%) PMO
System Software
1 7 (3.03%) Hyper-V
2 5 (2.16%) Openswan
3 4 (1.73%) Docker
3 4 (1.73%) NFS
3 4 (1.73%) pfSense
4 3 (1.30%) Firmware
5 2 (0.87%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 10 (4.33%) Ansible
2 9 (3.90%) Mesos
3 4 (1.73%) Docker Swarm
3 4 (1.73%) Graphite
3 4 (1.73%) Icinga
3 4 (1.73%) Kubernetes
3 4 (1.73%) Nagios
3 4 (1.73%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (1.73%) Puppet
3 4 (1.73%) Salt
3 4 (1.73%) ZABBIX
4 2 (0.87%) FortiGate
5 1 (0.43%) Terraform
5 1 (0.43%) WSUS
Vendors
1 10 (4.33%) Splunk
2 9 (3.90%) Oracle
3 8 (3.46%) Microsoft
4 7 (3.03%) Cisco
4 7 (3.03%) Juniper
5 6 (2.60%) Fortinet
5 6 (2.60%) Palo Alto
6 5 (2.16%) Alcatel-Lucent
6 5 (2.16%) Arista
6 5 (2.16%) Tableau
6 5 (2.16%) Vyatta
7 4 (1.73%) Brocade
7 4 (1.73%) CheckPoint
7 4 (1.73%) Citrix
7 4 (1.73%) Dynatrace
7 4 (1.73%) Extreme Networks
7 4 (1.73%) F5
7 4 (1.73%) Google
7 4 (1.73%) SonicWALL
8 3 (1.30%) IBM