Period
to 27 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 27 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
27 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 141 174 257
Rank change year-on-year +33 +83 +28
Contract jobs citing Data Science 1,237 1,561 1,039
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.83% 1.58% 1.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.15% 1.80% 1.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 821 1,032 736
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +2.09%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £369
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £514 £500
% change year-on-year -2.68% +2.75% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 18 20
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.10% -10.63% +53.85%
10th Percentile £18.90 £18.87 £18.21
90th Percentile £54.13 £50.50 £72.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £20.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year +72.88% -49.39% +53.85%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 57,665 86,503 87,773
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.11% 87.34% 86.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 37,175 57,175 58,542
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £282 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £437 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +2.78% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,912 2,257 2,141
UK median hourly rate £24.05 £24.08 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.12% +0.33% -2.04%
10th Percentile £12.44 £11.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.70 £50.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.32 £22.92 £24.00
% change year-on-year -6.96% -4.52% +0.21%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Data Science.

Contractor daily rate trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 27 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 27 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 27 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +35 1,168 £525 -4.55% 560
London +17 746 £550 - 335
UK excluding London +84 463 £500 -2.68% 260
South East +92 219 £500 -4.76% 60
East of England +49 66 £538 -10.42% 24
North of England +60 61 £500 - 72
South West +9 45 £518 +3.50% 38
Midlands +41 28 £473 +5.00% 31
North West +39 28 £550 +33.33% 42
Yorkshire +49 25 £450 -10.00% 25
Wales +24 25 £500 -5.88% 3
West Midlands +40 21 £475 +5.56% 19
Scotland +27 19 £540 +39.35% 30
North East +28 8 £613 +22.50% 5
East Midlands +33 7 £400 -18.99% 12

For the 6 months to 27 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 744 (60.15%) Python
2 526 (42.52%) Machine Learning
3 489 (39.53%) Analytics
4 425 (34.36%) SQL
5 398 (32.17%) Agile Software Development
6 276 (22.31%) AWS
7 269 (21.75%) Azure
8 261 (21.10%) Big Data
9 257 (20.78%) Apache Spark
10 251 (20.29%) Artificial Intelligence
11 246 (19.89%) Visualisation
12 220 (17.78%) Algorithms
13 207 (16.73%) Business Intelligence
14 202 (16.33%) Statistics
14 202 (16.33%) Analytical Skills
15 198 (16.01%) R
15 198 (16.01%) Mathematics
15 198 (16.01%) Data Modelling
16 188 (15.20%) Computer Science
17 181 (14.63%) Finance
18 174 (14.07%) Hadoop
19 171 (13.82%) GCP
20 167 (13.50%) DevOps
21 164 (13.26%) NoSQL
22 163 (13.18%) Degree
23 162 (13.10%) ETL
24 157 (12.69%) Data Visualisation
25 137 (11.08%) Scala
25 137 (11.08%) Data Engineering
26 131 (10.59%) Java

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 257 (20.78%) Apache Spark
2 73 (5.90%) Apache
3 48 (3.88%) Elasticsearch
3 48 (3.88%) Jupyter
4 41 (3.31%) Apache Airflow
5 33 (2.67%) SAS
6 20 (1.62%) OpenStack
7 17 (1.37%) Confluence
8 10 (0.81%) Tomcat
9 8 (0.65%) GeoServer
9 8 (0.65%) Luigi
9 8 (0.65%) WebLogic
10 6 (0.49%) DNN
10 6 (0.49%) SharePoint
11 5 (0.40%) ArcGIS
12 3 (0.24%) Apache Pig
12 3 (0.24%) IIS
12 3 (0.24%) R Markdown
13 2 (0.16%) IBM Domino
13 2 (0.16%) Tornado
Applications
1 18 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.13%) SPSS
3 11 (0.89%) Stata
4 4 (0.32%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.32%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.16%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.16%) Sketch
6 2 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.081%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.081%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.081%) Weka
Business Applications
1 8 (0.65%) Oracle Applications
2 6 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.32%) SAP CRM
3 4 (0.32%) SAP ERP
3 4 (0.32%) SAP IS-U
4 3 (0.24%) Aligne
4 3 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.24%) Endur
4 3 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.16%) Hyperion Planning
5 2 (0.16%) Oracle AML
6 1 (0.081%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 1 (0.081%) FastStats
6 1 (0.081%) FastStats PeopleStage
6 1 (0.081%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.081%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.081%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 276 (22.31%) AWS
2 269 (21.75%) Azure
3 171 (13.82%) GCP
4 113 (9.14%) Power Platform
5 42 (3.40%) Amazon S3
6 39 (3.15%) Azure Machine Learning
6 39 (3.15%) Serverless
7 32 (2.59%) PaaS
8 31 (2.51%) AWS Lambda
9 28 (2.26%) Amazon Kinesis
10 27 (2.18%) Amazon EMR
10 27 (2.18%) GitHub
11 26 (2.10%) Azure Data Factory
12 25 (2.02%) Cloud Computing
13 20 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
14 17 (1.37%) Amazon EKS
15 16 (1.29%) AWS CloudFormation
16 15 (1.21%) Amazon SageMaker
17 11 (0.89%) Amazon Cognito
17 11 (0.89%) Azure Stack
Communications & Networking
1 12 (0.97%) Intrusion Detection
2 9 (0.73%) HTTP
2 9 (0.73%) HTTPS
3 8 (0.65%) Internet
4 7 (0.57%) DNS
4 7 (0.57%) Firewall
4 7 (0.57%) IPv6
4 7 (0.57%) Network Security
5 6 (0.49%) Link 16
6 5 (0.40%) SMTP
7 4 (0.32%) Kerberos
7 4 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
7 4 (0.32%) Wireshark
8 2 (0.16%) Broadband
8 2 (0.16%) Cisco ASA
8 2 (0.16%) Cisco IOS
8 2 (0.16%) Skype
8 2 (0.16%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.081%) MQTT
9 1 (0.081%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 261 (21.10%) Big Data
2 174 (14.07%) Hadoop
3 164 (13.26%) NoSQL
4 121 (9.78%) Data Warehouse
5 112 (9.05%) Power BI
6 107 (8.65%) Data Lake
7 101 (8.16%) PostgreSQL
8 84 (6.79%) Amazon Redshift
9 74 (5.98%) Data Mining
10 67 (5.42%) SQL Server
11 59 (4.77%) Relational Database
12 46 (3.72%) Apache Cassandra
13 45 (3.64%) MongoDB
14 43 (3.48%) BigQuery
15 42 (3.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 39 (3.15%) Amazon Athena
17 32 (2.59%) GIS
18 31 (2.51%) Apache Hive
18 31 (2.51%) Geospatial Data
18 31 (2.51%) HBase
Development Applications
1 112 (9.05%) Git (software)
2 54 (4.37%) Jenkins
3 29 (2.34%) JIRA
4 23 (1.86%) Visual Studio Team System
5 21 (1.70%) Visual Studio
6 9 (0.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 9 (0.73%) CircleCI
6 9 (0.73%) Vagrant
7 7 (0.57%) Maven
8 6 (0.49%) Gerrit
8 6 (0.49%) Selenium
9 4 (0.32%) RStudio
9 4 (0.32%) Team Foundation Server
10 3 (0.24%) Artifactory
10 3 (0.24%) PyCharm
11 2 (0.16%) Cucumber
11 2 (0.16%) ESLint
11 2 (0.16%) GitLab
11 2 (0.16%) Oracle APEX
11 2 (0.16%) Subversion
General
1 181 (14.63%) Finance
2 87 (7.03%) Marketing
3 46 (3.72%) Public Sector
4 42 (3.40%) Retail
5 32 (2.59%) Pharmaceutical
6 30 (2.43%) Banking
7 24 (1.94%) Telecoms
8 16 (1.29%) Manufacturing
9 14 (1.13%) Legal
10 12 (0.97%) Law
11 11 (0.89%) Electronics
11 11 (0.89%) Front Office
11 11 (0.89%) Games
12 10 (0.81%) Aerospace
13 9 (0.73%) Local Government
13 9 (0.73%) Military
14 8 (0.65%) Advertising
14 8 (0.65%) Publishing
15 5 (0.40%) Automotive
16 4 (0.32%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 423 (34.20%) Data Scientist
2 216 (17.46%) Developer
3 173 (13.99%) Data Engineer
4 109 (8.81%) Senior Data Scientist
5 108 (8.73%) Analyst
6 93 (7.52%) Architect
7 84 (6.79%) Python Developer
8 67 (5.42%) Python Engineer
9 65 (5.25%) Data Architect
10 55 (4.45%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 53 (4.28%) Business Analyst
12 44 (3.56%) Senior Developer
13 42 (3.40%) Data Analyst
14 34 (2.75%) Data Business Analyst
15 30 (2.43%) DevOps Engineer
16 28 (2.26%) Senior Analyst
17 27 (2.18%) Big Data Engineer
18 26 (2.10%) Senior Business Analyst
19 24 (1.94%) Azure Engineer
20 22 (1.78%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (9.70%) Pandas
1 120 (9.70%) TensorFlow
2 104 (8.41%) scikit-learn
3 100 (8.08%) Natural Language Processing
4 94 (7.60%) NumPy
5 92 (7.44%) PySpark
6 91 (7.36%) Kafka
7 51 (4.12%) Django
8 45 (3.64%) Keras
9 40 (3.23%) HTML
9 40 (3.23%) SciPy
10 36 (2.91%) Node.js
11 35 (2.83%) Flask
12 33 (2.67%) PyTorch
12 33 (2.67%) REST
13 29 (2.34%) AngularJS
14 28 (2.26%) React
14 28 (2.26%) Web Services
15 25 (2.02%) CSS
16 23 (1.86%) D3.js
Miscellaneous
1 220 (17.78%) Algorithms
2 202 (16.33%) Analytical Skills
3 63 (5.09%) User Experience
4 44 (3.56%) Data Structures
5 34 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
6 32 (2.59%) Management Information System
7 30 (2.43%) Greenfield Project
8 23 (1.86%) Public Cloud
9 20 (1.62%) Social Media
10 13 (1.05%) Clustering
11 12 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
12 11 (0.89%) Lidar
13 9 (0.73%) Smart City
14 8 (0.65%) Analytical Mindset
14 8 (0.65%) Data Centre
14 8 (0.65%) Mobile App
15 7 (0.57%) Life Science
16 6 (0.49%) CAN bus
16 6 (0.49%) Reference Data
16 6 (0.49%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 77 (6.22%) Linux
2 31 (2.51%) Unix
3 28 (2.26%) Windows
4 4 (0.32%) Android
4 4 (0.32%) CentOS
4 4 (0.32%) Oracle Linux
5 3 (0.24%) Mac OS
5 3 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.16%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.16%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.16%) MVS
6 2 (0.16%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.081%) DC/OS
7 1 (0.081%) Debian
7 1 (0.081%) VME
7 1 (0.081%) VMS
7 1 (0.081%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.081%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 526 (42.52%) Machine Learning
2 489 (39.53%) Analytics
3 398 (32.17%) Agile Software Development
4 251 (20.29%) Artificial Intelligence
5 246 (19.89%) Visualisation
6 207 (16.73%) Business Intelligence
7 202 (16.33%) Statistics
8 198 (16.01%) Data Modelling
8 198 (16.01%) Mathematics
9 188 (15.20%) Computer Science
10 167 (13.50%) DevOps
11 162 (13.10%) ETL
12 157 (12.69%) Data Visualisation
13 137 (11.08%) Data Engineering
14 129 (10.43%) Data Analytics
15 122 (9.86%) Data Analysis
16 113 (9.14%) Deep Learning
17 110 (8.89%) Scrum
18 108 (8.73%) Stakeholder Management
19 107 (8.65%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 744 (60.15%) Python
2 425 (34.36%) SQL
3 198 (16.01%) R
4 137 (11.08%) Scala
5 131 (10.59%) Java
6 87 (7.03%) JavaScript
7 33 (2.67%) MATLAB
8 30 (2.43%) Bash Shell
9 29 (2.34%) C#
9 29 (2.34%) C++
10 21 (1.70%) Go
11 20 (1.62%) C
11 20 (1.62%) PowerShell
12 11 (0.89%) PL/SQL
13 10 (0.81%) TypeScript
14 9 (0.73%) Perl
14 9 (0.73%) PHP
15 8 (0.65%) T-SQL
16 7 (0.57%) Julia
16 7 (0.57%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 163 (13.18%) Degree
2 125 (10.11%) PhD
3 85 (6.87%) Security Cleared
4 70 (5.66%) SC Cleared
5 38 (3.07%) Master's Degree
6 31 (2.51%) Numerate Degree
7 25 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
8 14 (1.13%) DBS Check
9 7 (0.57%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.40%) Chartered Engineer
11 5 (0.40%) PMP
12 4 (0.32%) PMI Certification
12 4 (0.32%) Postgraduate
13 3 (0.24%) GCFA
13 3 (0.24%) GCIA
13 3 (0.24%) GCIH
13 3 (0.24%) Network+ Certification
13 3 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 3 (0.24%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (5.42%) Data Quality
2 39 (3.15%) QA
3 21 (1.70%) GDPR
4 8 (0.65%) RMADS
5 4 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.24%) NIST
7 2 (0.16%) COBIT
7 2 (0.16%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.16%) PMO
7 2 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.081%) Actionable Recommendations
8 1 (0.081%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.081%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.081%) GxP
8 1 (0.081%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.081%) SLA
System Software
1 125 (10.11%) Docker
2 21 (1.70%) HDFS
3 16 (1.29%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.81%) Snort
5 9 (0.73%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.32%) Firmware
7 3 (0.24%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 107 (8.65%) Kubernetes
2 34 (2.75%) Terraform
3 22 (1.78%) Ansible
4 13 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
5 11 (0.89%) Hadoop YARN
6 10 (0.81%) Network Intrusion Detection System
6 10 (0.81%) OSSEC
7 7 (0.57%) Istio
7 7 (0.57%) Kibana
7 7 (0.57%) Kubeflow
7 7 (0.57%) linkerd
8 3 (0.24%) logstash
8 3 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.16%) HP Fortify
9 2 (0.16%) Marathon
9 2 (0.16%) Mesos
9 2 (0.16%) Nessus
9 2 (0.16%) Oozie
9 2 (0.16%) Puppet
Vendors
1 128 (10.35%) Tableau
2 108 (8.73%) Microsoft
3 100 (8.08%) Google
4 42 (3.40%) Oracle
5 35 (2.83%) SAP
6 30 (2.43%) Databricks
7 24 (1.94%) Talend
8 23 (1.86%) Cloudera
9 18 (1.46%) Informatica
10 13 (1.05%) Hortonworks
10 13 (1.05%) Teradata
11 11 (0.89%) IBM
12 10 (0.81%) Alteryx
13 9 (0.73%) Datactics
13 9 (0.73%) MicroStrategy
13 9 (0.73%) Palantir
13 9 (0.73%) Red Hat
14 8 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
15 7 (0.57%) Ab Initio
16 6 (0.49%) Adobe