Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Mathematics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Mathematics over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Mathematics (Maths)
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 260 277 270
Rank change year-on-year +17 -7 +35
Contract jobs citing Mathematics 831 975 983
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.00% 0.94% 0.96%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.16% 1.08% 1.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 546 580 701
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +16.67%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £305
90th Percentile £750 £725 £775
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £383
% change year-on-year - +17.65% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 79 39
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £30.00 £19.34
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.33% +55.12% -3.30%
10th Percentile £15.60 £11.06 £11.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.00 £45.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £27.25 £19.34
% change year-on-year +46.79% +40.90% -7.90%

Mathematics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 71,726 90,294 88,700
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.07% 86.87% 86.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,964 59,697 58,933
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £298 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,292 2,344 2,136
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £22.00 £23.11
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.95% -4.79% +2.70%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year +7.14% -12.50% +6.67%

Mathematics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mathematics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Mathematics.

Contractor daily rate trend for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mathematics over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mathematics.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Mathematics over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Mathematics within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 799 £530 +6.00% 783
London +35 458 £575 +4.55% 210
UK excluding London 0 355 £450 - 619
South East +32 150 £450 -10.00% 166
East of England +11 69 £488 +13.37% 124
South West +11 57 £500 +31.58% 66
North of England +13 34 £350 -33.33% 132
Midlands +14 27 £350 -25.33% 86
North West +17 20 £430 +6.83% 69
West Midlands +14 19 £350 -25.33% 45
Scotland -2 12 £375 +7.14% 36
East Midlands +18 8 - - 41
North East +14 8 £275 -57.69% 16
Wales +35 6 £275 - 9
Yorkshire +17 6 £338 -31.12% 47

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Mathematics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Mathematics.

1 435 (52.35%) Degree
2 408 (49.10%) Computer Science
3 318 (38.27%) Python
4 272 (32.73%) Finance
5 199 (23.95%) Agile Software Development
6 198 (23.83%) Data Science
7 191 (22.98%) SQL
8 188 (22.62%) Analytical Skills
9 182 (21.90%) Statistics
10 178 (21.42%) Analytics
11 165 (19.86%) C#
12 163 (19.61%) Machine Learning
13 159 (19.13%) C++
13 159 (19.13%) Software Engineering
14 156 (18.77%) Microsoft
15 153 (18.41%) Java
16 145 (17.45%) Physics
17 135 (16.25%) .NET
18 132 (15.88%) Algorithms
19 126 (15.16%) PhD
20 121 (14.56%) JavaScript
21 107 (12.88%) OO
21 107 (12.88%) Git (software)
22 104 (12.52%) R
23 100 (12.03%) Visualisation
23 100 (12.03%) Linux
23 100 (12.03%) Problem-Solving
24 95 (11.43%) Security Cleared
25 89 (10.71%) Economics
25 89 (10.71%) Artificial Intelligence

Mathematics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (5.66%) Apache Spark
2 46 (5.54%) Jupyter
3 31 (3.73%) SAS
4 19 (2.29%) SharePoint
5 17 (2.05%) Cloud Foundry
6 10 (1.20%) Apache
7 6 (0.72%) BizTalk Server
7 6 (0.72%) Confluence
7 6 (0.72%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (0.60%) Kinematics
9 4 (0.48%) ArcGIS
10 3 (0.36%) Apache Pig
11 2 (0.24%) Apache Solr
11 2 (0.24%) DNN
11 2 (0.24%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 2 (0.24%) SharePoint 2013
12 1 (0.12%) CMS
12 1 (0.12%) GemFire
12 1 (0.12%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 70 (8.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (4.69%) Microsoft Office
3 33 (3.97%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (2.05%) Simulink
5 15 (1.81%) SPSS
6 10 (1.20%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (1.20%) MS Visio
6 10 (1.20%) Stateflow
7 5 (0.60%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.60%) Stata
8 3 (0.36%) CATIA
8 3 (0.36%) GNU Octave
8 3 (0.36%) Pro/ENGINEER
8 3 (0.36%) PTC Creo
9 1 (0.12%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 9 (1.08%) FINCAD Analytics
2 5 (0.60%) SAP MDG
3 3 (0.36%) SAP MDM
3 3 (0.36%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (0.36%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.24%) HFM
4 2 (0.24%) Oracle Financials
4 2 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
4 2 (0.24%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle AML
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.12%) PeopleSoft CRM
5 1 (0.12%) Primavera
5 1 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 86 (10.35%) Azure
2 83 (9.99%) AWS
3 51 (6.14%) Power Platform
4 37 (4.45%) GCP
5 24 (2.89%) Cloud Computing
6 18 (2.17%) PaaS
7 17 (2.05%) Amazon S3
7 17 (2.05%) Serverless
8 15 (1.81%) AWS Lambda
9 13 (1.56%) Amazon SQS
10 12 (1.44%) GitHub
11 11 (1.32%) SaaS
12 10 (1.20%) Azure Machine Learning
13 9 (1.08%) Amazon ECS
13 9 (1.08%) AWS Step Functions
13 9 (1.08%) IaaS
14 5 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
14 5 (0.60%) Office 365
15 4 (0.48%) Google Analytics
15 4 (0.48%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 39 (4.69%) Ethernet
1 39 (4.69%) TCP/IP
2 13 (1.56%) Internet
3 12 (1.44%) Firewall
4 8 (0.96%) LAN
4 8 (0.96%) Wireless
5 7 (0.84%) Software-Defined Networking
6 6 (0.72%) Intranet
6 6 (0.72%) Wi-Fi
7 4 (0.48%) MIMO
7 4 (0.48%) RS-422
7 4 (0.48%) RS-485
7 4 (0.48%) WAN
8 3 (0.36%) DVB
8 3 (0.36%) Multicast
8 3 (0.36%) VPN
9 2 (0.24%) Extranet
9 2 (0.24%) Intrusion Detection
9 2 (0.24%) SSL
9 2 (0.24%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (10.59%) SQL Server
2 77 (9.27%) Big Data
3 51 (6.14%) Power BI
4 43 (5.17%) Hadoop
5 31 (3.73%) Data Mining
6 29 (3.49%) NoSQL
7 23 (2.77%) Relational Database
8 22 (2.65%) Amazon Redshift
9 21 (2.53%) MongoDB
10 20 (2.41%) PostgreSQL
11 18 (2.17%) Data Warehouse
12 14 (1.68%) GIS
13 13 (1.56%) Amazon RDS
13 13 (1.56%) KDB
14 11 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 11 (1.32%) Apache Hive
14 11 (1.32%) Qlik Sense
15 10 (1.20%) Oracle Database
16 9 (1.08%) Amazon Aurora
16 9 (1.08%) Presto
Development Applications
1 107 (12.88%) Git (software)
2 47 (5.66%) Visual Studio
3 36 (4.33%) Eclipse
4 32 (3.85%) NetBeans
5 27 (3.25%) Jenkins
6 25 (3.01%) JIRA
7 18 (2.17%) Visual Studio Team System
8 14 (1.68%) Cucumber
8 14 (1.68%) Maven
9 12 (1.44%) Selenium
10 11 (1.32%) Mocha
10 11 (1.32%) TeamCity
11 10 (1.20%) SpecFlow
12 9 (1.08%) WebDriver
13 7 (0.84%) Travis CI
14 6 (0.72%) Rational DOORS
15 5 (0.60%) Jasmine
15 5 (0.60%) Subversion
15 5 (0.60%) Team Foundation Server
15 5 (0.60%) webpack
General
1 272 (32.73%) Finance
2 76 (9.15%) Banking
3 73 (8.78%) Front Office
4 44 (5.29%) Marketing
5 39 (4.69%) Aerospace
6 34 (4.09%) Military
7 30 (3.61%) Investment Banking
8 27 (3.25%) Retail
9 26 (3.13%) Publishing
10 22 (2.65%) Electronics
10 22 (2.65%) Games
10 22 (2.65%) Public Sector
11 20 (2.41%) Legal
12 19 (2.29%) Manufacturing
13 14 (1.68%) Telecoms
14 12 (1.44%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.96%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.84%) Advertising
17 6 (0.72%) Automotive
17 6 (0.72%) Law
Job Titles
1 254 (30.57%) Developer
2 128 (15.40%) Data Scientist
3 115 (13.84%) Analyst
4 67 (8.06%) C# Developer
5 62 (7.46%) Python Developer
6 55 (6.62%) Software Engineer
7 48 (5.78%) Data Analyst
8 29 (3.49%) Senior Data Scientist
9 28 (3.37%) Architect
10 27 (3.25%) .NET Developer
10 27 (3.25%) Senior Developer
11 24 (2.89%) Senior Software Engineer
12 23 (2.77%) Data Engineer
13 22 (2.65%) Machine Learning Scientist
14 20 (2.41%) SQL Analyst
15 19 (2.29%) Quantitative Developer
16 17 (2.05%) Consultant
16 17 (2.05%) Software Developer
16 17 (2.05%) SQL Developer
17 15 (1.81%) Analyst Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 135 (16.25%) .NET
2 73 (8.78%) HTML
2 73 (8.78%) React
2 73 (8.78%) Web Services
3 70 (8.42%) AngularJS
4 53 (6.38%) CSS
5 49 (5.90%) Pandas
6 47 (5.66%) Node.js
7 44 (5.29%) Vue.js
8 41 (4.93%) NumPy
9 37 (4.45%) TensorFlow
10 32 (3.85%) OpenGL
10 32 (3.85%) Qt
11 31 (3.73%) Kafka
12 29 (3.49%) Natural Language Processing
13 28 (3.37%) DirectX
13 28 (3.37%) REST
14 27 (3.25%) ActiveX
14 27 (3.25%) MFC
15 24 (2.89%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 188 (22.62%) Analytical Skills
2 132 (15.88%) Algorithms
3 52 (6.26%) Hedge funds
4 46 (5.54%) Equities
5 42 (5.05%) Data Structures
6 41 (4.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 29 (3.49%) User Experience
8 25 (3.01%) Self-Motivation
9 24 (2.89%) Fixed Income
10 22 (2.65%) Derivative
11 21 (2.53%) Management Information System
12 20 (2.41%) Credit Risk
13 11 (1.32%) 3D Graphics
13 11 (1.32%) Greenfield Project
14 10 (1.20%) Life Science
14 10 (1.20%) Market Risk
14 10 (1.20%) Wiki
15 9 (1.08%) PlayStation
15 9 (1.08%) Virtual Team
16 8 (0.96%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 100 (12.03%) Linux
2 55 (6.62%) Windows
3 19 (2.29%) Unix
4 8 (0.96%) Windows 10
5 5 (0.60%) Android
5 5 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (0.48%) CentOS
6 4 (0.48%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.36%) AIX
7 3 (0.36%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.36%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.12%) Debian
8 1 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
8 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 408 (49.10%) Computer Science
2 199 (23.95%) Agile Software Development
3 198 (23.83%) Data Science
4 182 (21.90%) Statistics
5 178 (21.42%) Analytics
6 163 (19.61%) Machine Learning
7 159 (19.13%) Software Engineering
8 145 (17.45%) Physics
9 107 (12.88%) OO
10 100 (12.03%) Problem-Solving
10 100 (12.03%) Visualisation
11 89 (10.71%) Artificial Intelligence
11 89 (10.71%) Economics
12 88 (10.59%) Microservices
13 74 (8.90%) Scrum
14 73 (8.78%) TDD
15 70 (8.42%) Business Intelligence
16 69 (8.30%) DevOps
17 68 (8.18%) Continuous Integration
18 60 (7.22%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 318 (38.27%) Python
2 191 (22.98%) SQL
3 165 (19.86%) C#
4 159 (19.13%) C++
5 153 (18.41%) Java
6 121 (14.56%) JavaScript
7 104 (12.52%) R
8 75 (9.03%) C
9 42 (5.05%) MATLAB
10 27 (3.25%) GLSL
10 27 (3.25%) HLSL
11 19 (2.29%) VBA
12 17 (2.05%) Scala
13 13 (1.56%) PHP
14 11 (1.32%) Java 8
15 10 (1.20%) Go
15 10 (1.20%) Perl
15 10 (1.20%) TypeScript
15 10 (1.20%) VB.NET
16 9 (1.08%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 435 (52.35%) Degree
2 126 (15.16%) PhD
3 95 (11.43%) Security Cleared
4 69 (8.30%) Numerate Degree
5 61 (7.34%) SC Cleared
6 59 (7.10%) Computer Science Degree
7 32 (3.85%) Master's Degree
8 19 (2.29%) DV Cleared
9 11 (1.32%) HND
10 7 (0.84%) Postgraduate
11 6 (0.72%) ISTQB
12 5 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 5 (0.60%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 4 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
13 4 (0.48%) PMI Certification
14 3 (0.36%) AWS Certification
14 3 (0.36%) MCP
15 2 (0.24%) ISEB
15 2 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
15 2 (0.24%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (2.05%) QA
2 15 (1.81%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.84%) GxP
4 6 (0.72%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.24%) GDPR
5 2 (0.24%) IFRS
6 1 (0.12%) DO-254
6 1 (0.12%) IEC 61131
6 1 (0.12%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.12%) MISRA
6 1 (0.12%) MISRA C
6 1 (0.12%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.12%) PMO
6 1 (0.12%) SLA
6 1 (0.12%) Solvency II
System Software
1 52 (6.26%) Docker
2 12 (1.44%) Firmware
3 8 (0.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.84%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (0.24%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.24%) Ceph
5 2 (0.24%) LXC
6 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.12%) etcd
6 1 (0.12%) HDFS
6 1 (0.12%) ISA Server
6 1 (0.12%) KVM
6 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 27 (3.25%) Kubernetes
2 15 (1.81%) Ansible
3 13 (1.56%) Nagios
4 12 (1.44%) Puppet
4 12 (1.44%) Terraform
5 7 (0.84%) vCenter Server
5 7 (0.84%) vRealize
6 5 (0.60%) Grafana
6 5 (0.60%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (0.48%) Salt
8 3 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.36%) Prometheus
8 3 (0.36%) ZABBIX
9 2 (0.24%) Consul
9 2 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.24%) Graphite
9 2 (0.24%) Kubeflow
9 2 (0.24%) Opsview
9 2 (0.24%) Packer
10 1 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 156 (18.77%) Microsoft
2 74 (8.90%) Tableau
3 72 (8.66%) Oracle
4 36 (4.33%) Google
5 15 (1.81%) VMware
6 14 (1.68%) Alteryx
6 14 (1.68%) SAP
7 13 (1.56%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 11 (1.32%) Bloomberg
9 10 (1.20%) MathWorks
10 6 (0.72%) Cisco
11 5 (0.60%) Salesforce.com
12 4 (0.48%) Citrix
12 4 (0.48%) Cloudera
12 4 (0.48%) ESRI
12 4 (0.48%) Splunk
13 3 (0.36%) Automation Anywhere
13 3 (0.36%) Dataiku
13 3 (0.36%) Palantir
13 3 (0.36%) Perforce