Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > North of England
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 13 18 14
Rank change year-on-year +5 -4 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,061 1,568 2,303
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the North of England 11.35% 9.70% 11.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.54% 25.12% 30.91%
Number of salaries quoted 1,250 1,532 2,152
Median annual salary £44,000 £44,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £28,750 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £60,350 £60,000 £65,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North of England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 3,853 6,243 7,450
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the North of England 41.23% 38.60% 38.57%
Number of salaries quoted 3,376 5,193 6,184
Median annual salary £48,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.78% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North of England

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the North of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North of England

CSS
Salary Trend in the North of England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the North of England.

Salary trend for CSS in the North of England

CSS
Salary Histogram in the North of England

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the North of England over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the North of England

CSS
Job Locations in the North of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North of England region over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West +4 571 £45,000 - 231
Yorkshire +5 397 £42,000 +5.00% 132
North East +7 92 £45,000 +12.50% 39
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the North of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,010 (95.19%) HTML
2 890 (83.88%) JavaScript
3 387 (36.48%) Agile Software Development
4 324 (30.54%) .NET
5 315 (29.69%) C#
6 304 (28.65%) MVC
7 292 (27.52%) HTML5
8 283 (26.67%) PHP
9 269 (25.35%) AngularJS
10 258 (24.32%) Git (software)
11 252 (23.75%) React
12 241 (22.71%) jQuery
13 237 (22.34%) Front End Development
14 233 (21.96%) CSS3
15 195 (18.38%) MySQL
16 186 (17.53%) User Experience
17 184 (17.34%) ASP.NET
18 177 (16.68%) E-Commerce
19 175 (16.49%) Node.js
20 172 (16.21%) SQL
21 169 (15.93%) Web Development
22 158 (14.89%) SQL Server
23 149 (14.04%) Azure
24 140 (13.20%) Laravel
25 135 (12.72%) AWS
26 127 (11.97%) Vue.js
27 125 (11.78%) TDD
27 125 (11.78%) Software Engineering
28 121 (11.40%) TypeScript
29 117 (11.03%) DevOps

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (9.33%) CMS
2 64 (6.03%) WordPress
3 40 (3.77%) Sitecore CMS
4 22 (2.07%) Umbraco
5 20 (1.89%) Kentico
6 19 (1.79%) IIS
7 14 (1.32%) Confluence
8 13 (1.23%) EPiServer
8 13 (1.23%) SharePoint
9 10 (0.94%) Jadu
10 9 (0.85%) Apache
11 8 (0.75%) nginx
12 6 (0.57%) Elasticsearch
13 4 (0.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.38%) OpenStack
14 2 (0.19%) ColdFusion
14 2 (0.19%) Drupal
14 2 (0.19%) WebSphere
15 1 (0.094%) MS Exchange
15 1 (0.094%) Tomcat
Applications
1 20 (1.89%) Photoshop
2 13 (1.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 13 (1.23%) Adobe Illustrator
3 12 (1.13%) Adobe XD
4 9 (0.85%) InVision
4 9 (0.85%) Sketch
5 5 (0.47%) Chatbot
5 5 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
6 4 (0.38%) Figma
7 2 (0.19%) UXPin
8 1 (0.094%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.094%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.094%) InDesign
8 1 (0.094%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 46 (4.34%) Magento
2 29 (2.73%) Shopify
3 10 (0.94%) nopCommerce
4 9 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.47%) OpenCart
6 2 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.094%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 149 (14.04%) Azure
2 135 (12.72%) AWS
3 33 (3.11%) GitHub
4 31 (2.92%) SaaS
5 23 (2.17%) Cloud Computing
6 15 (1.41%) Serverless
7 14 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
8 12 (1.13%) AWS Lambda
9 11 (1.04%) GCP
9 11 (1.04%) Power Platform
10 10 (0.94%) npm
11 7 (0.66%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 5 (0.47%) Google Analytics
12 5 (0.47%) NuGet
12 5 (0.47%) Office 365
13 4 (0.38%) Amazon S3
13 4 (0.38%) PaaS
14 3 (0.28%) AWS IoT
14 3 (0.28%) Dynamics 365
14 3 (0.28%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.17%) HTTP
2 16 (1.51%) Internet
3 15 (1.41%) Wireless
4 13 (1.23%) TCP/IP
5 12 (1.13%) Bluetooth
5 12 (1.13%) Ethernet
5 12 (1.13%) MQTT
5 12 (1.13%) Wi-Fi
6 6 (0.57%) Broadband
7 4 (0.38%) Network Security
8 3 (0.28%) SSH
9 2 (0.19%) AMQP
9 2 (0.19%) FTP
10 1 (0.094%) Firewall
10 1 (0.094%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.094%) LAN
10 1 (0.094%) Unified Communications
10 1 (0.094%) VLAN
10 1 (0.094%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (18.38%) MySQL
2 158 (14.89%) SQL Server
3 43 (4.05%) Relational Database
4 40 (3.77%) MongoDB
5 34 (3.20%) NoSQL
6 29 (2.73%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (1.41%) Big Data
8 11 (1.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 10 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 8 (0.75%) Amazon RDS
10 8 (0.75%) Apache Hive
10 8 (0.75%) Power BI
10 8 (0.75%) Redis
10 8 (0.75%) SQL Server 2012
11 5 (0.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 5 (0.47%) MariaDB
11 5 (0.47%) SQL Server 2008
11 5 (0.47%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 4 (0.38%) Neo4j
12 4 (0.38%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 258 (24.32%) Git (software)
2 54 (5.09%) webpack
3 47 (4.43%) gulp
4 42 (3.96%) Team Foundation Server
5 37 (3.49%) JIRA
6 35 (3.30%) Grunt
7 26 (2.45%) Visual Studio
8 18 (1.70%) Subversion
9 17 (1.60%) PHPUnit
9 17 (1.60%) Selenium
10 15 (1.41%) NUnit
11 14 (1.32%) Jenkins
12 13 (1.23%) Bitbucket
12 13 (1.23%) Cypress.io
13 11 (1.04%) Jasmine
14 10 (0.94%) TeamCity
15 8 (0.75%) Vagrant
15 8 (0.75%) Visual Studio Team System
16 7 (0.66%) JUnit
17 6 (0.57%) Maven
General
1 97 (9.14%) Finance
2 55 (5.18%) Retail
3 47 (4.43%) Marketing
4 24 (2.26%) Public Sector
5 22 (2.07%) Games
6 13 (1.23%) Back Office
7 11 (1.04%) Local Government
8 6 (0.57%) Advertising
8 6 (0.57%) Legal
8 6 (0.57%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.47%) Law
10 4 (0.38%) Manufacturing
11 3 (0.28%) Multimedia
12 2 (0.19%) Automotive
12 2 (0.19%) Electronics
12 2 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.19%) Publishing
13 1 (0.094%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.094%) Police
Job Titles
1 907 (85.49%) Developer
2 189 (17.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 152 (14.33%) PHP Developer
4 148 (13.95%) Senior Developer
5 112 (10.56%) Software Developer
6 110 (10.37%) .NET Developer
7 101 (9.52%) React Developer
8 95 (8.95%) Full Stack Developer
9 91 (8.58%) C# Developer
10 78 (7.35%) Web Developer
11 56 (5.28%) Software Engineer
12 55 (5.18%) C# .NET Developer
13 52 (4.90%) JavaScript Developer
14 50 (4.71%) HTML Developer
15 43 (4.05%) HTML CSS Developer
16 42 (3.96%) C# Software Developer
17 39 (3.68%) Angular Developer
18 37 (3.49%) Senior Front-End Developer
19 34 (3.20%) Java Developer
20 31 (2.92%) .NET Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,010 (95.19%) HTML
2 324 (30.54%) .NET
3 292 (27.52%) HTML5
4 269 (25.35%) AngularJS
5 252 (23.75%) React
6 241 (22.71%) jQuery
7 233 (21.96%) CSS3
8 184 (17.34%) ASP.NET
9 175 (16.49%) Node.js
10 140 (13.20%) Laravel
11 127 (11.97%) Vue.js
12 99 (9.33%) .NET Core
13 98 (9.24%) .NET Framework
14 97 (9.14%) Sass
15 94 (8.86%) RESTful
16 93 (8.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 91 (8.58%) ASP.NET Web API
17 91 (8.58%) REST
18 89 (8.39%) ASP.NET MVC
19 75 (7.07%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 186 (17.53%) User Experience
2 109 (10.27%) Greenfield Project
3 67 (6.31%) Mobile App
4 45 (4.24%) Self-Motivation
5 29 (2.73%) Analytical Skills
6 19 (1.79%) Enterprise Software
7 15 (1.41%) Cloud Native
8 13 (1.23%) NHS
8 13 (1.23%) Public Cloud
9 12 (1.13%) Device Driver
9 12 (1.13%) Embedded Systems
9 12 (1.13%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 8 (0.75%) Graphic Design
10 8 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
10 8 (0.75%) Management Information System
11 7 (0.66%) Social Media
12 5 (0.47%) PlayStation
13 4 (0.38%) Data Structures
13 4 (0.38%) Enterprise Cloud
13 4 (0.38%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 84 (7.92%) Linux
2 34 (3.20%) Windows
3 24 (2.26%) Android
4 23 (2.17%) Apple iOS
5 16 (1.51%) Windows Server
6 8 (0.75%) CentOS
7 5 (0.47%) Unix
8 4 (0.38%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.28%) Debian
10 1 (0.094%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 387 (36.48%) Agile Software Development
2 304 (28.65%) MVC
3 237 (22.34%) Front End Development
4 177 (16.68%) E-Commerce
5 169 (15.93%) Web Development
6 125 (11.78%) Software Engineering
6 125 (11.78%) TDD
7 117 (11.03%) DevOps
8 88 (8.29%) Microservices
9 85 (8.01%) OO
10 79 (7.45%) Test Automation
10 79 (7.45%) Unit Testing
11 75 (7.07%) OOP
12 70 (6.60%) Scrum
13 63 (5.94%) Problem-Solving
14 56 (5.28%) BDD
15 49 (4.62%) SEO
16 48 (4.52%) Mentoring
16 48 (4.52%) Responsive Web Design
17 46 (4.34%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 890 (83.88%) JavaScript
2 315 (29.69%) C#
3 283 (26.67%) PHP
4 172 (16.21%) SQL
5 121 (11.40%) TypeScript
6 92 (8.67%) Java
7 53 (5.00%) Python
8 32 (3.02%) ES6
9 16 (1.51%) C++
9 16 (1.51%) T-SQL
10 13 (1.23%) Go
11 12 (1.13%) PHP 7
12 10 (0.94%) Ruby
13 8 (0.75%) Bash Shell
14 5 (0.47%) Apex Code
14 5 (0.47%) PL/SQL
14 5 (0.47%) Scala
15 4 (0.38%) Java 8
15 4 (0.38%) PowerShell
16 3 (0.28%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 30 (2.83%) Degree
2 11 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
3 8 (0.75%) Security Cleared
4 3 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
4 3 (0.28%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.19%) CIW
5 2 (0.19%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.19%) OCA
5 2 (0.19%) OCP
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle Certification
5 2 (0.19%) SAP Certification
6 1 (0.094%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.094%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.30%) QA
2 12 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 10 (0.94%) WAI
4 6 (0.57%) GDPR
5 1 (0.094%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.094%) WCAG
System Software
1 76 (7.16%) Docker
2 4 (0.38%) KVM
2 4 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (0.19%) Citrix Hypervisor
4 1 (0.094%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 26 (2.45%) Kubernetes
2 11 (1.04%) Opscode Chef
3 10 (0.94%) Terraform
4 9 (0.85%) cPanel
5 4 (0.38%) Plesk
6 3 (0.28%) Puppet
7 2 (0.19%) Ansible
7 2 (0.19%) Capistrano
7 2 (0.19%) Salt
8 1 (0.094%) Grafana
8 1 (0.094%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.094%) Rundeck
8 1 (0.094%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 78 (7.35%) Microsoft
2 51 (4.81%) Sitecore
3 45 (4.24%) Adobe
4 34 (3.20%) Zend
5 15 (1.41%) Oracle
6 14 (1.32%) Xamarin
7 13 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
8 12 (1.13%) Google
9 11 (1.04%) Atlassian
10 7 (0.66%) Apple
11 6 (0.57%) Hitachi
11 6 (0.57%) IBM
11 6 (0.57%) WooCommerce
12 4 (0.38%) VMware
13 3 (0.28%) SAP
14 2 (0.19%) Cisco
14 2 (0.19%) Dell
14 2 (0.19%) Red Hat
14 2 (0.19%) ServiceNow
14 2 (0.19%) SonicWALL