Period
to 21 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > North of England
6 months to
21 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 19 14 12
Rank change year-on-year -5 -2 +1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,827 2,718 3,597
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the North of England 9.60% 12.28% 14.74%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.27% 31.63% 35.52%
Number of salaries quoted 1,548 2,335 3,198
North of England median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £26,750 £26,250 £25,713
90th Percentile £60,000 £57,500 £56,250
England median annual salary £47,500 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North of England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 6,955 8,593 10,128
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the North of England 36.53% 38.81% 41.49%
Number of salaries quoted 5,543 7,195 8,498
North of England median annual salary £45,000 £44,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £29,000 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £65,000 £63,150 £61,250
England median annual salary £55,000 £51,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +6.80% +3.00% +5.26%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North of England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the North of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North of England

CSS
Salary Trend in the North of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the North of England.

Salary trend for CSS in the North of England

CSS
Salary Histogram in the North of England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North of England over the 6 months to 21 September 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in the North of England

CSS
Job Locations in the North of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North of England region over the 6 months to 21 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West -2 1,200 £43,500 +2.35% 414
Yorkshire -20 537 £40,000 - 203
North East -13 91 £43,500 +16.00% 66
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 21 September 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the North of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,725 (94.42%) HTML
2 1,512 (82.76%) JavaScript
3 737 (40.34%) Agile Software Development
4 656 (35.91%) C#
5 655 (35.85%) .NET
6 649 (35.52%) MVC
7 572 (31.31%) AngularJS
8 550 (30.10%) jQuery
9 475 (26.00%) PHP
10 432 (23.65%) Git (software)
11 416 (22.77%) HTML5
12 410 (22.44%) ASP.NET
13 408 (22.33%) MySQL
14 404 (22.11%) SQL
15 401 (21.95%) Front End Development
16 391 (21.40%) React
17 372 (20.36%) SQL Server
18 346 (18.94%) Web Development
19 310 (16.97%) User Experience
20 293 (16.04%) CSS3
21 271 (14.83%) OO
22 256 (14.01%) TDD
23 253 (13.85%) Microsoft
24 248 (13.57%) Sass
25 247 (13.52%) Node.js
26 244 (13.36%) Software Engineering
27 241 (13.19%) Vue.js
28 224 (12.26%) Java
28 224 (12.26%) Azure
29 219 (11.99%) ASP.NET MVC

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 147 (8.05%) CMS
2 123 (6.73%) WordPress
3 72 (3.94%) Umbraco
4 39 (2.13%) SharePoint
5 32 (1.75%) Drupal
6 24 (1.31%) Cloud Foundry
7 22 (1.20%) Sitecore CMS
8 17 (0.93%) IIS
9 15 (0.82%) Elasticsearch
10 14 (0.77%) Apache
10 14 (0.77%) Tomcat
11 13 (0.71%) Confluence
11 13 (0.71%) nginx
12 12 (0.66%) Kentico
13 11 (0.60%) SharePoint 2013
14 10 (0.55%) JBoss
14 10 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 9 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 7 (0.38%) Apache Solr
16 7 (0.38%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 54 (2.96%) Photoshop
2 26 (1.42%) Sketch
3 21 (1.15%) Adobe Illustrator
4 20 (1.09%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 13 (0.71%) InVision
6 6 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
6 6 (0.33%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.27%) InDesign
8 4 (0.22%) Marvel
8 4 (0.22%) UserZoom
9 3 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
10 2 (0.11%) Adobe XD
10 2 (0.11%) Figma
11 1 (0.055%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.055%) EngageOne
11 1 (0.055%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 51 (2.79%) Magento
2 22 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 17 (0.93%) Shopify
4 14 (0.77%) Payment Gateway
5 9 (0.49%) SDL Web 8
6 2 (0.11%) Sage 50
7 1 (0.055%) Maximo
7 1 (0.055%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 224 (12.26%) Azure
2 218 (11.93%) AWS
3 107 (5.86%) GitHub
4 50 (2.74%) GCP
5 41 (2.24%) SaaS
6 35 (1.92%) Serverless
7 23 (1.26%) npm
8 22 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
9 20 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
10 14 (0.77%) Asana
11 12 (0.66%) Google Analytics
12 11 (0.60%) Dynamics 365
13 10 (0.55%) Amazon ElastiCache
13 10 (0.55%) PaaS
13 10 (0.55%) Power Platform
14 9 (0.49%) Office 365
15 8 (0.44%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 8 (0.44%) Amazon EC2
16 6 (0.33%) Google Tag Manager
17 5 (0.27%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.15%) HTTP
2 16 (0.88%) Broadband
3 14 (0.77%) Internet
4 13 (0.71%) DNS
5 7 (0.38%) Intranet
5 7 (0.38%) Skype
6 4 (0.22%) Extranet
6 4 (0.22%) HTTPS
6 4 (0.22%) SSH
6 4 (0.22%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.11%) SSL
8 1 (0.055%) CTI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 408 (22.33%) MySQL
2 372 (20.36%) SQL Server
3 121 (6.62%) MongoDB
4 106 (5.80%) NoSQL
5 73 (4.00%) PostgreSQL
6 68 (3.72%) Relational Database
7 33 (1.81%) Neo4j
8 18 (0.99%) Redis
9 16 (0.88%) RDBMS
9 16 (0.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 15 (0.82%) SQL Server 2014
10 15 (0.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 13 (0.71%) SQL Server 2008
12 12 (0.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 12 (0.66%) DB2
12 12 (0.66%) MariaDB
13 10 (0.55%) Big Data
13 10 (0.55%) Power BI
14 9 (0.49%) SQL Server 2012
14 9 (0.49%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 432 (23.65%) Git (software)
2 139 (7.61%) webpack
3 106 (5.80%) Visual Studio
4 100 (5.47%) gulp
5 89 (4.87%) JIRA
6 83 (4.54%) Grunt
7 60 (3.28%) Team Foundation Server
8 56 (3.07%) Subversion
9 42 (2.30%) GitLab
10 34 (1.86%) Jenkins
11 32 (1.75%) Vagrant
12 31 (1.70%) Selenium
13 29 (1.59%) Bitbucket
13 29 (1.59%) PHPUnit
14 27 (1.48%) Mercurial
15 23 (1.26%) Jasmine
16 21 (1.15%) NUnit
17 17 (0.93%) TeamCity
18 16 (0.88%) MSTest
19 14 (0.77%) Maven
General
1 141 (7.72%) Finance
2 122 (6.68%) Marketing
3 112 (6.13%) Retail
4 51 (2.79%) Banking
5 36 (1.97%) Legal
6 25 (1.37%) Manufacturing
7 22 (1.20%) Games
8 19 (1.04%) Public Sector
9 18 (0.99%) Advertising
9 18 (0.99%) Pharmaceutical
10 14 (0.77%) Telecoms
11 12 (0.66%) Automotive
12 11 (0.60%) Electronics
13 8 (0.44%) Back Office
14 7 (0.38%) Aerospace
14 7 (0.38%) Housing Association
15 6 (0.33%) Multimedia
16 5 (0.27%) Fire and Rescue
16 5 (0.27%) Local Government
16 5 (0.27%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,487 (81.39%) Developer
2 325 (17.79%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 280 (15.33%) PHP Developer
4 274 (15.00%) Senior Developer
5 269 (14.72%) C# Developer
6 261 (14.29%) .NET Developer
7 226 (12.37%) Software Developer
8 157 (8.59%) C# .NET Developer
9 138 (7.55%) Software Engineer
10 135 (7.39%) Web Developer
11 134 (7.33%) JavaScript Developer
12 110 (6.02%) Full Stack Developer
13 101 (5.53%) Junior
14 85 (4.65%) Junior Developer
15 84 (4.60%) Java Developer
16 78 (4.27%) React Developer
17 75 (4.11%) Programmer
18 69 (3.78%) Designer
19 67 (3.67%) C# Software Developer
20 62 (3.39%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,725 (94.42%) HTML
2 655 (35.85%) .NET
3 572 (31.31%) AngularJS
4 550 (30.10%) jQuery
5 416 (22.77%) HTML5
6 410 (22.44%) ASP.NET
7 391 (21.40%) React
8 293 (16.04%) CSS3
9 248 (13.57%) Sass
10 247 (13.52%) Node.js
11 241 (13.19%) Vue.js
12 219 (11.99%) ASP.NET MVC
13 218 (11.93%) Laravel
14 203 (11.11%) Web Services
15 200 (10.95%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 175 (9.58%) XML
17 155 (8.48%) REST
18 153 (8.37%) RESTful
19 149 (8.16%) .NET Framework
20 138 (7.55%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 310 (16.97%) User Experience
2 162 (8.87%) Greenfield Project
3 116 (6.35%) Mobile App
4 64 (3.50%) Analytical Skills
5 48 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
6 42 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
7 31 (1.70%) Cloud Native
8 24 (1.31%) Data Structures
9 22 (1.20%) Life Science
10 18 (0.99%) NHS
11 15 (0.82%) BBC
12 14 (0.77%) Virtual Team
13 11 (0.60%) Graphic Design
14 10 (0.55%) Blog
14 10 (0.55%) N-Tier
15 8 (0.44%) Animation
16 7 (0.38%) EPoS
16 7 (0.38%) Learning Management System
16 7 (0.38%) Video Editing
16 7 (0.38%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 133 (7.28%) Linux
2 82 (4.49%) Windows
3 81 (4.43%) Android
4 72 (3.94%) Apple iOS
5 16 (0.88%) AIX
6 12 (0.66%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.55%) Mac OS
8 8 (0.44%) CentOS
9 6 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.33%) Windows 7
9 6 (0.33%) Windows 8
10 5 (0.27%) Unix
11 4 (0.22%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.22%) Windows Mobile
12 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.055%) Debian
13 1 (0.055%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.055%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 737 (40.34%) Agile Software Development
2 649 (35.52%) MVC
3 401 (21.95%) Front End Development
4 346 (18.94%) Web Development
5 271 (14.83%) OO
6 256 (14.01%) TDD
7 244 (13.36%) Software Engineering
8 217 (11.88%) E-Commerce
9 196 (10.73%) DevOps
10 186 (10.18%) Scrum
11 161 (8.81%) OOP
12 150 (8.21%) Unit Testing
13 145 (7.94%) Problem-Solving
14 141 (7.72%) Mentoring
15 136 (7.44%) BDD
16 132 (7.22%) SDLC
17 121 (6.62%) Responsive Web Design
18 120 (6.57%) Microservices
19 115 (6.29%) Test Automation
20 106 (5.80%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,512 (82.76%) JavaScript
2 656 (35.91%) C#
3 475 (26.00%) PHP
4 404 (22.11%) SQL
5 224 (12.26%) Java
6 125 (6.84%) TypeScript
7 104 (5.69%) Python
8 90 (4.93%) T-SQL
9 70 (3.83%) ES6
10 52 (2.85%) Ruby
11 35 (1.92%) C++
12 25 (1.37%) VB.NET
13 21 (1.15%) PHP 7
13 21 (1.15%) Scala
14 20 (1.09%) Perl
15 18 (0.99%) C
15 18 (0.99%) Java 8
16 17 (0.93%) PowerShell
17 16 (0.88%) PHP 5
17 16 (0.88%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 105 (5.75%) Degree
2 22 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
2 22 (1.20%) Microsoft Certification
3 9 (0.49%) DBS Check
4 7 (0.38%) Master's Degree
5 5 (0.27%) MCP
6 4 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 4 (0.22%) MCSD
7 3 (0.16%) ISEB
7 3 (0.16%) ISTQB
7 3 (0.16%) Security Cleared
8 2 (0.11%) HND
8 2 (0.11%) MCSA
8 2 (0.11%) MCSE
8 2 (0.11%) SANS
9 1 (0.055%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.055%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.055%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.055%) PhD
9 1 (0.055%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (3.01%) QA
2 17 (0.93%) GDPR
3 6 (0.33%) Cyber Essentials
4 5 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.22%) PMO
6 3 (0.16%) SLA
7 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.055%) Dublin Core
8 1 (0.055%) WCAG
System Software
1 134 (7.33%) Docker
2 6 (0.33%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.11%) Hyper-V
3 2 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.055%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 63 (3.45%) Opscode Chef
2 43 (2.35%) Kubernetes
3 13 (0.71%) Ganglia
4 4 (0.22%) cPanel
4 4 (0.22%) Nagios
4 4 (0.22%) Prometheus
4 4 (0.22%) ZABBIX
5 3 (0.16%) Consul
5 3 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
6 2 (0.11%) Kibana
6 2 (0.11%) Terraform
7 1 (0.055%) Capistrano
7 1 (0.055%) Grafana
7 1 (0.055%) HP ALM
7 1 (0.055%) logstash
7 1 (0.055%) Microsoft Intune
7 1 (0.055%) Rancher
7 1 (0.055%) SCCM
7 1 (0.055%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 253 (13.85%) Microsoft
2 72 (3.94%) Oracle
3 64 (3.50%) Google
4 62 (3.39%) Adobe
5 39 (2.13%) Zend
6 27 (1.48%) Sitecore
7 26 (1.42%) Xamarin
8 22 (1.20%) Atlassian
9 15 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
10 10 (0.55%) PayPal
11 9 (0.49%) SAP
11 9 (0.49%) WooCommerce
12 8 (0.44%) Apple
12 8 (0.44%) Marketo
12 8 (0.44%) Nintex
12 8 (0.44%) Pardot
12 8 (0.44%) Red Hat
13 6 (0.33%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 6 (0.33%) Twitter
14 4 (0.22%) Sage