Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > North of England
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 16 18 15
Rank change year-on-year +2 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,231 1,458 2,218
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the North of England 10.46% 10.18% 11.61%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.10% 26.04% 30.67%
Number of salaries quoted 1,049 1,276 1,800
10th Percentile £28,625 £28,750 £27,500
25th Percentile £33,750 £33,750 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £42,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median % change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
75th Percentile £53,750 £53,750 £52,500
90th Percentile £61,250 £61,250 £60,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the North of England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North of England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 4,381 5,599 7,231
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the North of England 37.22% 39.09% 37.84%
Number of salaries quoted 3,725 4,779 5,869
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £48,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
75th Percentile £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £66,250
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £53,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +2.80% +7.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North of England

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the North of England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North of England

CSS
Salary Trend in the North of England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the North of England.

Salary trend for CSS in the North of England

CSS
Salary Histogram in the North of England

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the North of England over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the North of England

CSS
Job Locations in the North of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North of England region over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North West 0 625 £42,500 -5.56% 219
Yorkshire +3 513 £42,750 +6.88% 160
North East 0 95 £42,500 +13.33% 46
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the North of England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,164 (94.56%) HTML
2 1,061 (86.19%) JavaScript
3 415 (33.71%) Agile Software Development
4 377 (30.63%) HTML5
5 351 (28.51%) C#
6 343 (27.86%) PHP
7 339 (27.54%) .NET
8 335 (27.21%) MVC
9 327 (26.56%) CSS3
10 304 (24.70%) React
11 303 (24.61%) Git (software)
12 299 (24.29%) jQuery
13 267 (21.69%) Front End Development
14 262 (21.28%) AngularJS
15 242 (19.66%) MySQL
16 241 (19.58%) SQL
17 237 (19.25%) Web Development
18 210 (17.06%) Node.js
19 205 (16.65%) Laravel
20 203 (16.49%) User Experience
21 202 (16.41%) Azure
22 185 (15.03%) SQL Server
23 181 (14.70%) AWS
24 178 (14.46%) ASP.NET
25 177 (14.38%) Vue.js
26 160 (13.00%) E-Commerce
27 153 (12.43%) Java
28 152 (12.35%) Software Engineering
29 147 (11.94%) TypeScript
30 146 (11.86%) TDD

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 113 (9.18%) CMS
2 65 (5.28%) WordPress
3 41 (3.33%) Sitecore CMS
4 31 (2.52%) IIS
5 29 (2.36%) Umbraco
6 22 (1.79%) Confluence
7 20 (1.62%) Kentico
8 15 (1.22%) Apache
8 15 (1.22%) Drupal
9 13 (1.06%) EPiServer
10 11 (0.89%) SharePoint
11 9 (0.73%) nginx
12 8 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 7 (0.57%) Jadu
14 4 (0.32%) OpenStack
14 4 (0.32%) Tomcat
15 3 (0.24%) Apache Solr
15 3 (0.24%) Elasticsearch
16 2 (0.16%) ColdFusion
16 2 (0.16%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 30 (2.44%) Adobe Illustrator
2 28 (2.27%) Photoshop
3 27 (2.19%) Adobe XD
4 15 (1.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 13 (1.06%) Microsoft Office
5 13 (1.06%) Sketch
6 9 (0.73%) Figma
7 8 (0.65%) InVision
8 7 (0.57%) InDesign
9 5 (0.41%) Chatbot
9 5 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
9 5 (0.41%) UXPin
10 3 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
10 3 (0.24%) Adobe Premiere
10 3 (0.24%) MS Visio
11 2 (0.16%) SOLIDWORKS
12 1 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 33 (2.68%) Shopify
2 31 (2.52%) Magento
3 10 (0.81%) nopCommerce
4 5 (0.41%) OpenCart
5 4 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.081%) SessionCam
6 1 (0.081%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 202 (16.41%) Azure
2 181 (14.70%) AWS
3 49 (3.98%) SaaS
4 25 (2.03%) GCP
5 22 (1.79%) GitHub
5 22 (1.79%) Serverless
6 21 (1.71%) AWS Lambda
7 19 (1.54%) npm
8 17 (1.38%) Power Platform
9 16 (1.30%) AWS IoT
10 14 (1.14%) Amazon EC2
11 13 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (0.89%) Microsoft 365
13 9 (0.73%) Google Analytics
14 7 (0.57%) Azure Service Fabric
15 6 (0.49%) Amazon S3
15 6 (0.49%) NuGet
15 6 (0.49%) Power Automate
15 6 (0.49%) PowerApps
16 5 (0.41%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 31 (2.52%) Wireless
2 17 (1.38%) HTTP
3 15 (1.22%) Bluetooth
3 15 (1.22%) Ethernet
3 15 (1.22%) MQTT
3 15 (1.22%) TCP/IP
3 15 (1.22%) Wi-Fi
4 14 (1.14%) Internet
5 12 (0.97%) FTP
6 7 (0.57%) Network Security
7 4 (0.32%) Broadband
8 3 (0.24%) Intranet
9 2 (0.16%) LAN
9 2 (0.16%) SSH
10 1 (0.081%) DNS
10 1 (0.081%) Firewall
10 1 (0.081%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.081%) RIP
10 1 (0.081%) SAN
10 1 (0.081%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 242 (19.66%) MySQL
2 185 (15.03%) SQL Server
3 42 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
4 41 (3.33%) MongoDB
5 29 (2.36%) NoSQL
6 20 (1.62%) Relational Database
7 14 (1.14%) Power BI
8 9 (0.73%) Amazon Redshift
9 8 (0.65%) Redis
9 8 (0.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 7 (0.57%) Amazon RDS
10 7 (0.57%) Crystal Reports
10 7 (0.57%) SQL Server 2012
11 6 (0.49%) Big Data
12 5 (0.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 5 (0.41%) Apache Hive
12 5 (0.41%) MariaDB
13 4 (0.32%) Apache Cassandra
13 4 (0.32%) SQL Server 2008
13 4 (0.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 303 (24.61%) Git (software)
2 70 (5.69%) gulp
3 63 (5.12%) webpack
4 44 (3.57%) JIRA
5 42 (3.41%) Visual Studio
6 37 (3.01%) Team Foundation Server
7 35 (2.84%) Grunt
8 24 (1.95%) Subversion
9 16 (1.30%) JUnit
10 14 (1.14%) Jenkins
10 14 (1.14%) Selenium
11 13 (1.06%) Bitbucket
11 13 (1.06%) Cypress.io
12 11 (0.89%) Maven
13 10 (0.81%) NUnit
13 10 (0.81%) TeamCity
14 9 (0.73%) PHPUnit
14 9 (0.73%) Storybook
15 6 (0.49%) Balsamiq
15 6 (0.49%) Jasmine
General
1 87 (7.07%) Finance
2 68 (5.52%) Retail
3 62 (5.04%) Games
4 47 (3.82%) Marketing
5 44 (3.57%) Public Sector
6 17 (1.38%) Manufacturing
7 12 (0.97%) Telecoms
8 11 (0.89%) Automotive
8 11 (0.89%) Law
8 11 (0.89%) Legal
8 11 (0.89%) Local Government
9 10 (0.81%) Multimedia
10 9 (0.73%) Back Office
11 5 (0.41%) Electronics
12 4 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.24%) Banking
14 2 (0.16%) Publishing
15 1 (0.081%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,026 (83.35%) Developer
2 208 (16.90%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 188 (15.27%) PHP Developer
4 169 (13.73%) Senior Developer
5 122 (9.91%) .NET Developer
6 119 (9.67%) Full Stack Developer
7 112 (9.10%) Software Developer
8 107 (8.69%) Web Developer
9 86 (6.99%) React Developer
10 85 (6.90%) C# Developer
11 65 (5.28%) Software Engineer
12 58 (4.71%) C# .NET Developer
12 58 (4.71%) JavaScript Developer
13 49 (3.98%) PHP Laravel Developer
14 46 (3.74%) Java Developer
15 45 (3.66%) Angular Developer
16 43 (3.49%) HTML Developer
17 42 (3.41%) HTML CSS Developer
18 37 (3.01%) C# Software Developer
18 37 (3.01%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,164 (94.56%) HTML
2 377 (30.63%) HTML5
3 339 (27.54%) .NET
4 327 (26.56%) CSS3
5 304 (24.70%) React
6 299 (24.29%) jQuery
7 262 (21.28%) AngularJS
8 210 (17.06%) Node.js
9 205 (16.65%) Laravel
10 178 (14.46%) ASP.NET
11 177 (14.38%) Vue.js
12 131 (10.64%) Sass
13 119 (9.67%) .NET Core
14 115 (9.34%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 106 (8.61%) .NET Framework
16 94 (7.64%) Redux
17 92 (7.47%) RESTful
18 90 (7.31%) REST
19 88 (7.15%) ASP.NET Web API
20 82 (6.66%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 203 (16.49%) User Experience
2 137 (11.13%) Greenfield Project
3 82 (6.66%) Mobile App
4 51 (4.14%) Self-Motivation
5 37 (3.01%) Analytical Skills
6 30 (2.44%) Data Structures
7 26 (2.11%) NHS
8 21 (1.71%) Cloud Native
9 17 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
10 15 (1.22%) Device Driver
10 15 (1.22%) Embedded Systems
10 15 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
11 14 (1.14%) Graphic Design
12 12 (0.97%) Organisational Skills
12 12 (0.97%) Public Cloud
13 11 (0.89%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 10 (0.81%) Smartphone
15 9 (0.73%) Management Information System
16 7 (0.57%) Driving Licence
17 6 (0.49%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 131 (10.64%) Linux
2 49 (3.98%) Windows
3 26 (2.11%) Android
4 25 (2.03%) Apple iOS
5 21 (1.71%) Windows Server
6 8 (0.65%) Unix
7 5 (0.41%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.32%) CentOS
9 3 (0.24%) Debian
9 3 (0.24%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.081%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 415 (33.71%) Agile Software Development
2 335 (27.21%) MVC
3 267 (21.69%) Front End Development
4 237 (19.25%) Web Development
5 160 (13.00%) E-Commerce
6 152 (12.35%) Software Engineering
7 146 (11.86%) TDD
8 117 (9.50%) DevOps
9 110 (8.94%) OOP
10 107 (8.69%) OO
11 100 (8.12%) Scrum
11 100 (8.12%) Unit Testing
12 91 (7.39%) Problem-Solving
13 79 (6.42%) Microservices
14 68 (5.52%) Test Automation
15 64 (5.20%) Computer Science
16 56 (4.55%) Requirements Gathering
17 55 (4.47%) BDD
18 53 (4.31%) SDLC
18 53 (4.31%) SEO
Programming Languages
1 1,061 (86.19%) JavaScript
2 351 (28.51%) C#
3 343 (27.86%) PHP
4 241 (19.58%) SQL
5 153 (12.43%) Java
6 147 (11.94%) TypeScript
7 104 (8.45%) Python
8 53 (4.31%) ES6
9 30 (2.44%) Java 8
10 27 (2.19%) T-SQL
11 19 (1.54%) C++
11 19 (1.54%) Go
12 17 (1.38%) Ruby
13 14 (1.14%) VB.NET
14 11 (0.89%) C
14 11 (0.89%) PHP 7
15 10 (0.81%) Bash Shell
16 8 (0.65%) Apex Code
17 7 (0.57%) VB
18 5 (0.41%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 59 (4.79%) Degree
2 27 (2.19%) CIW
2 27 (2.19%) OCA
2 27 (2.19%) OCP
2 27 (2.19%) Oracle Certification
3 11 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
4 6 (0.49%) Security Cleared
5 4 (0.32%) HND
6 3 (0.24%) SC Cleared
7 2 (0.16%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.081%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.081%) ISEB
8 1 (0.081%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.081%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.081%) MCAD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (3.66%) QA
2 12 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 11 (0.89%) WCAG
4 10 (0.81%) WAI
5 9 (0.73%) GDPR
6 2 (0.16%) SLA
System Software
1 135 (10.97%) Docker
2 6 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (0.41%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.32%) Firmware
4 4 (0.32%) KVM
5 1 (0.081%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 33 (2.68%) Kubernetes
2 29 (2.36%) Terraform
3 15 (1.22%) Ansible
4 13 (1.06%) Packer
5 8 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (0.57%) HP Fortify
7 3 (0.24%) Puppet
8 2 (0.16%) Istio
8 2 (0.16%) Salt
9 1 (0.081%) cPanel
9 1 (0.081%) Grafana
9 1 (0.081%) Plesk
9 1 (0.081%) Prometheus
9 1 (0.081%) Rundeck
9 1 (0.081%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 104 (8.45%) Microsoft
2 69 (5.61%) Adobe
3 54 (4.39%) Sitecore
4 48 (3.90%) Oracle
5 30 (2.44%) Zend
6 19 (1.54%) Google
7 16 (1.30%) Atlassian
8 15 (1.22%) Xamarin
9 13 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
10 8 (0.65%) Apple
11 7 (0.57%) HP
11 7 (0.57%) IBM
12 6 (0.49%) VMware
13 4 (0.32%) WooCommerce
14 2 (0.16%) Cisco
14 2 (0.16%) HubSpot
14 2 (0.16%) Instagram
14 2 (0.16%) OutSystems
14 2 (0.16%) Twitter
14 2 (0.16%) UiPath