The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 25 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK / England
3 months to
25 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 14 15 15
Rank change year-on-year +1 0  
Permanent jobs citing CSS 11078 11744 12788
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.38% 12.88% 12.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 32.56% 32.87% 32.10%
Number of salaries quoted 9696 10502 11197
Median salary £43,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25%  
90% offered a salary of more than £30,000 £27,600 £27,000
10% offered a salary of more than £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
UK excluding London median salary £40,000 £38,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year +3.89% +2.66%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Software Library & Framework Skills
England
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 34019 35725 39843
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England 41.08% 39.18% 38.39%
Number of salaries quoted 28739 31428 34420
Median salary £47,500 £46,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22%  
90% offered a salary of more than £32,500 £31,500 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £70,000 £65,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% -  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing CSS as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 25 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 3925 £55,000 +4.76% 597
South East +1 2177 £40,000 - 316
North West +2 1109 £40,000 +6.66% 197
South West +1 848 £40,000 +6.66% 135
East of England +1 830 £42,500 +6.25% 131
Yorkshire +1 816 £38,250 +2.00% 144
West Midlands -2 814 £37,500 +13.63% 138
East Midlands +7 471 £36,000 -4.00% 109
North East +3 81 £35,000 +7.69% 24
Midlands +4 6 £60,000 +41.17% 248
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 25 June 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 20420 (94.60%) HTML
2 18658 (86.44%) JavaScript
3 9150 (42.39%) Agile Software Development
4 8496 (39.36%) .NET
5 8390 (38.87%) C#
6 7802 (36.15%) AngularJS
7 7782 (36.05%) HTML5
8 7750 (35.90%) jQuery
9 7364 (34.12%) MVC
10 6321 (29.28%) SQL
11 6180 (28.63%) ASP.NET
12 5720 (26.50%) Web Development
13 5353 (24.80%) CSS3
14 5211 (24.14%) SQL Server
15 4668 (21.63%) PHP
16 4398 (20.38%) Front End Development
17 4084 (18.92%) Java
18 3946 (18.28%) Git (software)
19 3915 (18.14%) TDD
20 3506 (16.24%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3400 (15.75%) MySQL
22 3381 (15.66%) Scrum
23 3154 (14.61%) React
24 3144 (14.57%) OO
25 3116 (14.44%) Web Services
26 3023 (14.01%) User Experience
27 2936 (13.60%) Degree
28 2892 (13.40%) Node.js
29 2885 (13.37%) Finance
30 2816 (13.05%) Microsoft

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1720 (7.97%) CMS
2 930 (4.31%) WordPress
3 733 (3.40%) Apache
4 567 (2.63%) Drupal
5 539 (2.50%) IIS
6 530 (2.46%) SharePoint
7 423 (1.96%) Tomcat
8 414 (1.92%) Umbraco
9 325 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
10 256 (1.19%) nginx
11 254 (1.18%) Sitecore CMS
12 253 (1.17%) JBoss
13 243 (1.13%) Confluence
14 233 (1.08%) WebSphere
15 204 (0.95%) EPiServer
16 170 (0.79%) Apache Solr
17 166 (0.77%) SharePoint 2013
18 129 (0.60%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 116 (0.54%) WebLogic
20 91 (0.42%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 1013 (4.69%) Photoshop
2 450 (2.08%) Adobe Illustrator
3 263 (1.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 187 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
5 176 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
6 126 (0.58%) InVision
7 89 (0.41%) InDesign
8 63 (0.29%) MS Visio
9 46 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 34 (0.16%) Fireworks
11 27 (0.13%) InfoPath
12 26 (0.12%) UXPin
13 24 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
14 23 (0.11%) FileZilla
14 23 (0.11%) GIMP
15 20 (0.093%) Adobe After Effects
16 18 (0.083%) Adobe Premiere
17 14 (0.065%) Microsoft Project
18 12 (0.056%) Chatbot
19 11 (0.051%) Moqups
Business Applications
1 427 (1.98%) Magento
2 211 (0.98%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 123 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
4 74 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
5 67 (0.31%) Eloqua
6 52 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
7 41 (0.19%) Shopify
8 39 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
9 30 (0.14%) WebTrends
10 18 (0.083%) Dynamics NAV
11 14 (0.065%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 13 (0.060%) Dynamics AX
12 13 (0.060%) OpenCart
13 10 (0.046%) Movex
13 10 (0.046%) NetSuite
14 9 (0.042%) SessionCam
14 9 (0.042%) Social Studio
15 6 (0.028%) iTrent
15 6 (0.028%) OpenText MBPM
15 6 (0.028%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 1346 (6.24%) Microsoft Azure
2 1252 (5.80%) Amazon AWS
3 729 (3.38%) SaaS
4 623 (2.89%) GitHub
5 237 (1.10%) Google Analytics
6 175 (0.81%) Office 365
7 170 (0.79%) Cloud Computing
8 155 (0.72%) PaaS
9 108 (0.50%) IaaS
10 94 (0.44%) Google Cloud Platform
11 84 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
12 68 (0.32%) Amazon S3
13 62 (0.29%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 51 (0.24%) Force.com
14 51 (0.24%) Heroku
15 50 (0.23%) Adobe Analytics
16 47 (0.22%) AWS Lambda
17 40 (0.19%) AWS CloudFormation
18 38 (0.18%) Google Tag Manager
18 38 (0.18%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 637 (2.95%) HTTP
2 512 (2.37%) Internet
3 190 (0.88%) Intranet
4 142 (0.66%) TCP/IP
5 126 (0.58%) DNS
6 94 (0.44%) SSL
7 67 (0.31%) FTP
8 58 (0.27%) Firewall
9 47 (0.22%) Skype
10 44 (0.20%) LDAP
11 38 (0.18%) SMTP
12 35 (0.16%) Broadband
12 35 (0.16%) SSH
13 31 (0.14%) HTTPS
14 30 (0.14%) Extranet
15 28 (0.13%) BGP
15 28 (0.13%) LAN
15 28 (0.13%) WAN
16 27 (0.13%) DHCP
16 27 (0.13%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5211 (24.14%) SQL Server
2 3400 (15.75%) MySQL
3 1000 (4.63%) NoSQL
4 908 (4.21%) Relational Database
5 883 (4.09%) MongoDB
6 499 (2.31%) SQL Server 2008
7 467 (2.16%) PostgreSQL
8 430 (1.99%) SQL Server 2012
9 418 (1.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 399 (1.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 316 (1.46%) Big Data
12 293 (1.36%) SQL Server 2014
13 280 (1.30%) Redis
14 243 (1.13%) RDBMS
15 213 (0.99%) Apache Cassandra
16 147 (0.68%) Hadoop
17 141 (0.65%) SQL Server 2005
18 136 (0.63%) Oracle Database
19 113 (0.52%) RavenDB
19 113 (0.52%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 3946 (18.28%) Git (software)
2 1283 (5.94%) Visual Studio
3 1249 (5.79%) Subversion
4 1108 (5.13%) gulp
5 994 (4.61%) Team Foundation Server
6 935 (4.33%) Grunt
7 805 (3.73%) JIRA
8 761 (3.53%) Jenkins
9 708 (3.28%) Selenium
10 634 (2.94%) Jasmine
11 630 (2.92%) NUnit
12 495 (2.29%) webpack
13 440 (2.04%) TeamCity
14 429 (1.99%) JUnit
15 359 (1.66%) Maven
16 322 (1.49%) Karma Test Runner
17 294 (1.36%) Mocha
18 206 (0.95%) Bitbucket
19 199 (0.92%) Bower
20 190 (0.88%) Protractor
General
1 2885 (13.37%) Finance
2 1694 (7.85%) Marketing
3 921 (4.27%) Retail
4 658 (3.05%) Games
5 600 (2.78%) Banking
6 552 (2.56%) Telecoms
7 481 (2.23%) Advertising
8 384 (1.78%) Electronics
9 348 (1.61%) Manufacturing
10 311 (1.44%) Legal
11 261 (1.21%) Publishing
12 147 (0.68%) Automotive
13 125 (0.58%) Back Office
14 114 (0.53%) Law
15 106 (0.49%) Financial Institution
16 78 (0.36%) Multimedia
17 76 (0.35%) Music Industry
18 68 (0.32%) Investment Banking
19 61 (0.28%) Front Office
19 61 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 18107 (83.89%) Developer
2 4713 (21.83%) .NET Developer
3 3638 (16.85%) C# Developer
4 3402 (15.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 3105 (14.38%) JavaScript Developer
6 3001 (13.90%) Senior Developer
7 2777 (12.87%) Web Developer
8 2644 (12.25%) C# .NET Developer
9 2304 (10.67%) PHP Developer
10 1952 (9.04%) HTML Developer
11 1798 (8.33%) Software Developer
12 1774 (8.22%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1589 (7.36%) HTML CSS Developer
14 1521 (7.05%) Java Developer
15 1454 (6.74%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1223 (5.67%) Full Stack Developer
17 1116 (5.17%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
18 1046 (4.85%) Junior
19 1023 (4.74%) Angular Developer
20 910 (4.22%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20420 (94.60%) HTML
2 8496 (39.36%) .NET
3 7802 (36.15%) AngularJS
4 7782 (36.05%) HTML5
5 7750 (35.90%) jQuery
6 6180 (28.63%) ASP.NET
7 5353 (24.80%) CSS3
8 3506 (16.24%) ASP.NET MVC
9 3154 (14.61%) React
10 3116 (14.44%) Web Services
11 2892 (13.40%) Node.js
12 2513 (11.64%) XML
13 2407 (11.15%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 2383 (11.04%) Sass
15 2252 (10.43%) Ajax
16 2178 (10.09%) .NET Framework
17 2006 (9.29%) REST
18 1913 (8.86%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1862 (8.63%) JSON
20 1512 (7.00%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 3023 (14.01%) User Experience
2 1757 (8.14%) Computer Science
3 1380 (6.39%) Greenfield Project
4 1281 (5.93%) Mobile App
5 925 (4.29%) Analytical Skills
6 584 (2.71%) Fintech
7 379 (1.76%) iPad
8 373 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
9 311 (1.44%) Social Media
10 246 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
11 169 (0.78%) Algorithms
12 155 (0.72%) Data Structures
13 151 (0.70%) N-Tier
14 150 (0.69%) e-Learning
14 150 (0.69%) W3C
15 139 (0.64%) Graphic Design
16 119 (0.55%) Digital Media
17 106 (0.49%) Client/Server
18 102 (0.47%) Management Information System
19 81 (0.38%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2136 (9.90%) Linux
2 1093 (5.06%) Windows
3 928 (4.30%) Android
4 806 (3.73%) Apple iOS
5 352 (1.63%) Unix
6 227 (1.05%) Windows Server
7 96 (0.44%) Ubuntu
8 70 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
9 62 (0.29%) CentOS
10 55 (0.25%) Mac OS X
11 45 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
12 41 (0.19%) Debian
12 41 (0.19%) Windows 7
13 38 (0.18%) AIX
14 34 (0.16%) Solaris
15 33 (0.15%) Windows Phone
16 30 (0.14%) Windows 10
17 28 (0.13%) Mac OS
17 28 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 19 (0.088%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 9150 (42.39%) Agile Software Development
2 7364 (34.12%) MVC
3 5720 (26.50%) Web Development
4 4398 (20.38%) Front End Development
5 3915 (18.14%) TDD
6 3381 (15.66%) Scrum
7 3144 (14.57%) OO
8 2454 (11.37%) Software Engineering
9 2177 (10.09%) E-Commerce
10 1681 (7.79%) Continuous Integration
11 1634 (7.57%) OOP
12 1541 (7.14%) Unit Testing
13 1388 (6.43%) BDD
14 1376 (6.37%) Responsive Web Design
15 1315 (6.09%) SDLC
16 1277 (5.92%) Test Automation
17 1071 (4.96%) Mentoring
18 985 (4.56%) Web Design
19 924 (4.28%) Analytics
20 923 (4.28%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 18658 (86.44%) JavaScript
2 8390 (38.87%) C#
3 6321 (29.28%) SQL
4 4668 (21.63%) PHP
5 4084 (18.92%) Java
6 1359 (6.30%) T-SQL
7 1270 (5.88%) Python
8 809 (3.75%) ES6
9 799 (3.70%) TypeScript
10 780 (3.61%) VB.NET
11 729 (3.38%) Ruby
12 660 (3.06%) C++
13 389 (1.80%) C
14 364 (1.69%) PL/SQL
15 307 (1.42%) Scala
16 291 (1.35%) Objective-C
17 265 (1.23%) Perl
18 230 (1.07%) VB
19 219 (1.01%) PowerShell
20 178 (0.82%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 2936 (13.60%) Degree
2 974 (4.51%) Computer Science Degree
3 234 (1.08%) Microsoft Certification
4 194 (0.90%) Security Cleared
5 77 (0.36%) SC Cleared
6 72 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
7 54 (0.25%) MCP
8 53 (0.25%) PMI Certification
9 39 (0.18%) PhD
10 37 (0.17%) A+ Certification
11 36 (0.17%) Master's Degree
12 35 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
13 34 (0.16%) HND
14 31 (0.14%) DBS Check
14 31 (0.14%) MCSE
15 29 (0.13%) CCNP
15 29 (0.13%) DV Cleared
15 29 (0.13%) ISEB
16 27 (0.13%) ISTQB
17 23 (0.11%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 618 (2.86%) QA
2 55 (0.25%) SLA
3 54 (0.25%) WCAG
4 31 (0.14%) ISO 9001
5 22 (0.10%) PCI DSS
6 18 (0.083%) WAI
7 9 (0.042%) Data Quality
7 9 (0.042%) ISO 14001
8 6 (0.028%) Section 508
9 5 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 4 (0.019%) GCP
11 3 (0.014%) HIPAA
11 3 (0.014%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 3 (0.014%) MiFID
11 3 (0.014%) PMO
12 2 (0.009%) HL7
13 1 (0.005%) DICOM
13 1 (0.005%) Disclosure Scotland
13 1 (0.005%) GDPR
13 1 (0.005%) RMADS
System Software
1 461 (2.14%) Docker
2 83 (0.38%) Active Directory
3 58 (0.27%) Varnish
4 27 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
5 20 (0.093%) Hyper-V
6 14 (0.065%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 13 (0.060%) Virtual Machines
8 12 (0.056%) Firmware
9 6 (0.028%) DFS Replication
10 5 (0.023%) etcd
10 5 (0.023%) Snort
11 4 (0.019%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.014%) HDFS
12 3 (0.014%) LXC
12 3 (0.014%) Samba
12 3 (0.014%) Tivoli Directory Server
12 3 (0.014%) Virtual Servers
12 3 (0.014%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.014%) Xen
13 2 (0.009%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 168 (0.78%) Puppet
2 139 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
3 122 (0.57%) Ansible
4 93 (0.43%) Kubernetes
5 36 (0.17%) Terraform
6 30 (0.14%) Kibana
6 30 (0.14%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 28 (0.13%) HAProxy
8 26 (0.12%) Salt
9 22 (0.10%) Nagios
10 19 (0.088%) Control-M
10 19 (0.088%) logstash
11 17 (0.079%) cPanel
12 15 (0.069%) Piwik
13 13 (0.060%) Capistrano
14 9 (0.042%) EMC NetWorker
15 8 (0.037%) CloudForms
15 8 (0.037%) ZABBIX
16 7 (0.032%) Graphite
16 7 (0.032%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2816 (13.05%) Microsoft
2 1182 (5.48%) Oracle
3 863 (4.00%) Adobe
4 584 (2.71%) Google
5 576 (2.67%) Zend
6 341 (1.58%) Sitecore
7 330 (1.53%) Xamarin
8 328 (1.52%) SAP
9 221 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
10 176 (0.82%) hybris
11 161 (0.75%) IBM
12 112 (0.52%) Twitter
13 97 (0.45%) Demandware
14 91 (0.42%) ATG
15 90 (0.42%) Facebook
16 82 (0.38%) Atlassian
17 74 (0.34%) Cognizant
18 65 (0.30%) Apple
19 56 (0.26%) ServiceNow
20 50 (0.23%) Red Hat
Hampshire
Spargonet Consulting Plc
Salary: £60000 - £65000 per annum, Benefits Excellent Company Benefits
Posted: 9 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Adesse Search
Salary: From £35,000 to £40,000 per annum plus pension, bonus and flexible wor
Posted: 13 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Ascent People Ltd
Salary: £25000 - £45000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 11 hours ago
South East London
Stepstone
Salary: Competitive Salary plus generous benefits
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Harrington Starr
Salary: £60000 - £70000 per annum + bonus + benefits
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
Understanding Recruitment
Salary: £25000 - £35000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 11 hours ago
Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire
Understanding Recruitment
Salary: £35000.00 - £45000.00 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 10 hours ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
Understanding Recruitment
Salary: £30000 - £45000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
Talent Point Ltd
Salary: £55000.00 - £75000.00 per annum + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
London
Harrington Starr
Salary: £60000 - £75000 per annum + bonus + benefits
Posted: 16 hours ago
Central London / West End
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: From £110,000 to £110,000 per annum private healthcare, bonus pay and
Posted: 2 days ago
London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: to 70k plus benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Harrington Starr
Salary: £60000 - £80000 per annum + bonus + benefits
Posted: 15 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Roc Search
Salary: £35000 - £38000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
South West London
Understanding Recruitment
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 10 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Oscar
Salary: £35000 - £40000 per annum + and additional benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Leicester, Leicestershire
Pro-Quest Resourcing Ltd
Salary: £50000 - £60000 Per Annum + benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Salary: £50000 - £80000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Berkshire
Spargonet Consulting Plc
Salary: £65000 - £75000 per annum, Benefits Excellent Company Benefits
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Salary: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Haywards Heath, West Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
BARCLAY ANDERSON LIMITED
Salary: From £20,000 to £25,000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Cathcart Associates Ltd
Salary: £25000 - £50000 per annum + flexible working
Posted: Yesterday
London
Amicus Recruitment Limited
Salary: £70000.00 - £120000.00 per annum + Pension, Bonus
Posted: Yesterday
Chichester, West Sussex
Exposed Solutions
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 12 hours ago
Crawley, West Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Crawley, West Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £20000 - £30000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Salary: £50000.00 - £65000.00 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Gloucester, Gloucestershire
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 30,000 - 45,000
Posted: 2 days ago