The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 30 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
UK / England
3 months to
30 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 14 15 15
Rank change year-on-year +1 0  
Permanent jobs citing CSS 10719 12102 12056
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.35% 12.34% 11.96%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 33.07% 31.97% 31.57%
Number of salaries quoted 9480 10776 10491
Median salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +6.25%  
90% offered a salary of more than £29,000 £27,500 £27,000
10% offered a salary of more than £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
UK excluding London median salary £38,500 £39,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year -2.53% +5.33%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Software Library & Framework Skills
England
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 32415 37855 38190
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England 40.37% 38.60% 37.90%
Number of salaries quoted 27900 32934 32757
Median salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
90% offered a salary of more than £31,500 £31,000 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £70,000 £65,000 £67,500
UK excluding London median salary £40,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25%  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing CSS as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 3 months to 30 March 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 3 months to 30 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 3775 £52,500 +5.00% 670
South East 0 2164 £40,000 - 312
North West +2 928 £37,500 - 223
Yorkshire +2 893 £40,000 +14.28% 158
West Midlands +3 828 £36,000 -4.00% 138
South West +4 751 £37,500 - 120
East of England 0 713 £40,000 - 145
East Midlands +7 568 £35,000 -6.66% 130
North East +3 89 £35,000 - 27
Midlands +12 2 - - 4
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 30 March 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 20143 (94.90%) HTML
2 18266 (86.05%) JavaScript
3 9072 (42.74%) Agile Software Development
4 8495 (40.02%) .NET
5 8279 (39.00%) C#
6 7813 (36.81%) HTML5
7 7734 (36.44%) jQuery
8 7350 (34.63%) MVC
9 7050 (33.21%) AngularJS
10 6151 (28.98%) ASP.NET
11 6028 (28.40%) SQL
12 5860 (27.61%) Web Development
13 5423 (25.55%) CSS3
14 5034 (23.72%) SQL Server
15 4693 (22.11%) PHP
16 4282 (20.17%) Front End Development
17 4055 (19.10%) Java
18 3613 (17.02%) TDD
19 3602 (16.97%) Git (software)
20 3439 (16.20%) MySQL
21 3390 (15.97%) OO
22 3313 (15.61%) ASP.NET MVC
23 3177 (14.97%) Scrum
24 3043 (14.34%) Web Services
25 2941 (13.86%) User Experience
26 2939 (13.85%) Degree
27 2795 (13.17%) Microsoft
28 2761 (13.01%) Finance
29 2669 (12.57%) XML
30 2598 (12.24%) React

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1648 (7.76%) CMS
2 940 (4.43%) WordPress
3 700 (3.30%) Apache
4 614 (2.89%) IIS
5 529 (2.49%) Drupal
6 500 (2.36%) SharePoint
7 410 (1.93%) Tomcat
8 375 (1.77%) Elasticsearch
8 375 (1.77%) Umbraco
9 314 (1.48%) JBoss
10 272 (1.28%) nginx
11 260 (1.22%) WebSphere
12 195 (0.92%) Confluence
13 189 (0.89%) EPiServer
14 182 (0.86%) Sitecore CMS
15 172 (0.81%) SharePoint 2013
16 161 (0.76%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 158 (0.74%) WebLogic
18 123 (0.58%) Apache Solr
19 111 (0.52%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 1123 (5.29%) Photoshop
2 1072 (5.05%) MS Excel
3 504 (2.37%) Adobe Illustrator
4 250 (1.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 183 (0.86%) MS Office
6 117 (0.55%) InDesign
7 108 (0.51%) InVision
8 73 (0.34%) Fireworks
9 72 (0.34%) MS Visio
10 62 (0.29%) MS PowerPoint
11 54 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
12 24 (0.11%) InfoPath
13 20 (0.094%) Acrobat
14 19 (0.090%) Adobe After Effects
15 17 (0.080%) GIMP
16 16 (0.075%) UXPin
17 15 (0.071%) FrameMaker
18 13 (0.061%) MS Project
18 13 (0.061%) Pixate
19 11 (0.052%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 435 (2.05%) Magento
2 73 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
3 67 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
4 54 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 40 (0.19%) Visualfiles
6 37 (0.17%) Shopify
7 35 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
8 25 (0.12%) Eloqua
9 19 (0.090%) Oracle Cash Management
10 16 (0.075%) NetSuite
11 14 (0.066%) OpenCart
11 14 (0.066%) WebTrends
12 10 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
12 10 (0.047%) OpenText MBPM
13 8 (0.038%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 8 (0.038%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 7 (0.033%) OpenText Process Suite
14 7 (0.033%) osCommerce
14 7 (0.033%) SAP Business One
14 7 (0.033%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 1090 (5.14%) Amazon AWS
2 1060 (4.99%) Microsoft Azure
3 598 (2.82%) SaaS
4 486 (2.29%) GitHub
5 226 (1.06%) Google Analytics
6 125 (0.59%) Office 365
7 110 (0.52%) Google Cloud Platform
8 99 (0.47%) PaaS
9 94 (0.44%) Cloud Computing
10 70 (0.33%) Amazon EC2
11 68 (0.32%) IaaS
12 65 (0.31%) Amazon S3
13 59 (0.28%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 55 (0.26%) Heroku
15 54 (0.25%) Adobe Analytics
16 51 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 42 (0.20%) Force.com
18 37 (0.17%) Sage Pay
19 34 (0.16%) Google App Engine
19 34 (0.16%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 607 (2.86%) HTTP
2 502 (2.37%) Internet
3 207 (0.98%) Intranet
4 158 (0.74%) TCP/IP
5 105 (0.49%) DNS
6 93 (0.44%) SSL
7 59 (0.28%) HTTPS
8 53 (0.25%) Firewall
9 45 (0.21%) Broadband
10 42 (0.20%) Skype
11 37 (0.17%) LDAP
12 34 (0.16%) SMTP
12 34 (0.16%) SSH
13 29 (0.14%) Extranet
14 27 (0.13%) SNMP
15 26 (0.12%) FTP
16 25 (0.12%) LAN
16 25 (0.12%) VPN
17 22 (0.10%) ATM
18 19 (0.090%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5034 (23.72%) SQL Server
2 3439 (16.20%) MySQL
3 1031 (4.86%) Relational Database
4 845 (3.98%) MongoDB
5 823 (3.88%) NoSQL
6 527 (2.48%) SQL Server 2008
7 441 (2.08%) PostgreSQL
8 436 (2.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 399 (1.88%) SQL Server 2012
10 369 (1.74%) Big Data
11 335 (1.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 316 (1.49%) RDBMS
13 302 (1.42%) SQL Server 2014
14 299 (1.41%) Redis
15 217 (1.02%) Oracle Database
16 211 (0.99%) Apache Cassandra
17 182 (0.86%) Hadoop
18 129 (0.61%) SQL Server 2005
19 110 (0.52%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 93 (0.44%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 3602 (16.97%) Git (software)
2 1345 (6.34%) Visual Studio
3 1203 (5.67%) Subversion
4 1061 (5.00%) Team Foundation Server
5 989 (4.66%) gulp
6 934 (4.40%) Grunt
7 815 (3.84%) Jenkins
8 647 (3.05%) JIRA
9 626 (2.95%) Selenium
10 555 (2.61%) Jasmine
11 514 (2.42%) NUnit
12 459 (2.16%) JUnit
13 419 (1.97%) Maven
14 386 (1.82%) TeamCity
15 334 (1.57%) webpack
16 260 (1.22%) Karma Test Runner
17 251 (1.18%) Mocha
18 207 (0.98%) Bower
19 186 (0.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 171 (0.81%) Eclipse
General
1 2761 (13.01%) Finance
2 1470 (6.93%) Marketing
3 888 (4.18%) Retail
4 750 (3.53%) Banking
5 649 (3.06%) Games
6 580 (2.73%) Advertising
7 546 (2.57%) Telecoms
8 314 (1.48%) Publishing
9 184 (0.87%) Legal
10 171 (0.81%) Manufacturing
11 168 (0.79%) Electronics
12 122 (0.57%) Law
13 121 (0.57%) Automotive
14 96 (0.45%) Investment Banking
15 95 (0.45%) Back Office
16 83 (0.39%) Multimedia
17 79 (0.37%) Military
18 78 (0.37%) Music Industry
19 77 (0.36%) Financial Institution
20 68 (0.32%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 17786 (83.79%) Developer
2 4709 (22.19%) .NET Developer
3 3666 (17.27%) C# Developer
4 3322 (15.65%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 3080 (14.51%) JavaScript Developer
6 2897 (13.65%) Web Developer
7 2844 (13.40%) Senior Developer
8 2703 (12.73%) C# .NET Developer
9 2399 (11.30%) PHP Developer
10 2058 (9.70%) HTML Developer
11 1764 (8.31%) ASP.NET Developer
12 1700 (8.01%) Software Developer
13 1640 (7.73%) HTML CSS Developer
14 1490 (7.02%) Java Developer
15 1459 (6.87%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1151 (5.42%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
17 1071 (5.05%) Angular Developer
18 1009 (4.75%) Junior
19 992 (4.67%) Full Stack Developer
20 891 (4.20%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20143 (94.90%) HTML
2 8495 (40.02%) .NET
3 7813 (36.81%) HTML5
4 7734 (36.44%) jQuery
5 7050 (33.21%) AngularJS
6 6151 (28.98%) ASP.NET
7 5423 (25.55%) CSS3
8 3313 (15.61%) ASP.NET MVC
9 3043 (14.34%) Web Services
10 2669 (12.57%) XML
11 2598 (12.24%) React
12 2591 (12.21%) Node.js
13 2335 (11.00%) Ajax
14 2255 (10.62%) Sass
15 2129 (10.03%) .NET Framework
16 2121 (9.99%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 1891 (8.91%) JSON
18 1875 (8.83%) REST
19 1734 (8.17%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1542 (7.26%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 2941 (13.86%) User Experience
2 1744 (8.22%) Computer Science
3 1114 (5.25%) Mobile App
4 955 (4.50%) Analytical Skills
5 524 (2.47%) Fintech
6 368 (1.73%) iPad
7 348 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
8 297 (1.40%) Social Media
9 245 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
10 186 (0.88%) W3C
11 180 (0.85%) N-Tier
12 175 (0.82%) Client/Server
13 156 (0.73%) Algorithms
14 150 (0.71%) e-Learning
15 134 (0.63%) Data Structures
16 131 (0.62%) Graphic Design
17 126 (0.59%) Management Information System
18 113 (0.53%) Digital Media
19 97 (0.46%) Xbox
20 77 (0.36%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 2116 (9.97%) Linux
2 1175 (5.54%) Windows
3 771 (3.63%) Android
4 645 (3.04%) Apple iOS
5 430 (2.03%) Unix
6 264 (1.24%) Windows Server
7 98 (0.46%) Ubuntu
8 88 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
9 59 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
10 54 (0.25%) CentOS
11 49 (0.23%) Mac OS X
12 40 (0.19%) Solaris
13 34 (0.16%) Mac OS
14 32 (0.15%) Windows Phone
15 30 (0.14%) AIX
16 22 (0.10%) Debian
17 21 (0.099%) Windows 7
18 18 (0.085%) Windows 10
19 14 (0.066%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 14 (0.066%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 9072 (42.74%) Agile Software Development
2 7350 (34.63%) MVC
3 5860 (27.61%) Web Development
4 4282 (20.17%) Front End Development
5 3613 (17.02%) TDD
6 3390 (15.97%) OO
7 3177 (14.97%) Scrum
8 2531 (11.92%) Software Engineering
9 2130 (10.03%) E-Commerce
10 1723 (8.12%) OOP
11 1486 (7.00%) Continuous Integration
12 1390 (6.55%) Unit Testing
13 1345 (6.34%) SDLC
14 1326 (6.25%) Responsive Web Design
15 1247 (5.87%) BDD
16 967 (4.56%) Web Design
17 923 (4.35%) Mentoring
18 899 (4.24%) Analytics
19 843 (3.97%) Open Source
20 772 (3.64%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 18266 (86.05%) JavaScript
2 8279 (39.00%) C#
3 6028 (28.40%) SQL
4 4693 (22.11%) PHP
5 4055 (19.10%) Java
6 1382 (6.51%) Python
7 1346 (6.34%) T-SQL
8 908 (4.28%) VB.NET
9 712 (3.35%) Ruby
10 689 (3.25%) C++
11 620 (2.92%) TypeScript
12 569 (2.68%) ES6
13 380 (1.79%) C
14 307 (1.45%) Perl
15 302 (1.42%) PL/SQL
16 267 (1.26%) Scala
17 256 (1.21%) VB
18 236 (1.11%) PowerShell
19 207 (0.98%) Objective-C
20 205 (0.97%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 2939 (13.85%) Degree
2 255 (1.20%) Security Cleared
3 191 (0.90%) Microsoft Certification
4 109 (0.51%) SC Cleared
5 75 (0.35%) PMI Certification
6 57 (0.27%) DV Cleared
7 39 (0.18%) ISTQB
8 38 (0.18%) PhD
9 32 (0.15%) MCP
10 28 (0.13%) MCSD
11 27 (0.13%) ISEB
12 22 (0.10%) A+ Certification
13 21 (0.099%) MCSE
14 20 (0.094%) HND
15 17 (0.080%) DBS Check
16 15 (0.071%) CCNP
16 15 (0.071%) Cisco Certification
17 13 (0.061%) Sun Certification
18 11 (0.052%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
19 8 (0.038%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 710 (3.34%) QA
2 59 (0.28%) WAI
3 54 (0.25%) WCAG
4 49 (0.23%) SLA
5 33 (0.16%) ISO 9001
6 27 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.033%) PMO
9 6 (0.028%) Data Quality
9 6 (0.028%) SDET
10 5 (0.024%) GCP
11 4 (0.019%) HL7
11 4 (0.019%) MiFID
11 4 (0.019%) Section 508
12 2 (0.009%) GAAP
12 2 (0.009%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 1 (0.005%) DICOM
13 1 (0.005%) FATCA
13 1 (0.005%) ISO 14001
13 1 (0.005%) PA-DSS
System Software
1 386 (1.82%) Docker
2 88 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 65 (0.31%) Active Directory
4 64 (0.30%) Varnish
5 52 (0.24%) Hyper-V
6 21 (0.099%) Firmware
6 21 (0.099%) Virtual Machines
7 15 (0.071%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 7 (0.033%) HDFS
8 7 (0.033%) VirtualBox
9 5 (0.024%) Snort
10 4 (0.019%) KVM
10 4 (0.019%) Xen
11 2 (0.009%) Samba
11 2 (0.009%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.009%) XenApp
11 2 (0.009%) XenServer
12 1 (0.005%) iptables
12 1 (0.005%) LXC
12 1 (0.005%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 184 (0.87%) Puppet
2 177 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
3 123 (0.58%) Ansible
4 40 (0.19%) Kubernetes
5 29 (0.14%) Kibana
6 22 (0.10%) Control-M
7 21 (0.099%) Salt
8 18 (0.085%) Terraform
9 16 (0.075%) Piwik
10 15 (0.071%) logstash
11 14 (0.066%) Nagios
11 14 (0.066%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 13 (0.061%) Capistrano
12 13 (0.061%) cPanel
13 10 (0.047%) HP Quality Center
14 9 (0.042%) HAProxy
15 7 (0.033%) Docker Swarm
16 6 (0.028%) EMC NetWorker
16 6 (0.028%) ZABBIX
17 5 (0.024%) Business Desktop Deployment
Vendors
1 2795 (13.17%) Microsoft
2 1170 (5.51%) Oracle
3 928 (4.37%) Adobe
4 583 (2.75%) Zend
5 554 (2.61%) Google
6 288 (1.36%) Xamarin
7 273 (1.29%) Sitecore
8 225 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
9 167 (0.79%) IBM
10 149 (0.70%) SAP
11 147 (0.69%) Twitter
12 119 (0.56%) hybris
13 111 (0.52%) VMware
14 99 (0.47%) Facebook
15 89 (0.42%) Atlassian
16 76 (0.36%) ServiceNow
17 63 (0.30%) Apple
18 59 (0.28%) LexisNexis
19 56 (0.26%) Demandware
20 52 (0.24%) Splunk
South East London
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 35,000 - 40,000
Posted: 14 hours ago
Hertfordshire
Ping IT Recruitment ltd
Salary: £50,000 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Exposed Solutions
Salary: £30000 - £35000 per annum
Posted: 13 hours ago
Guildford, Surrey
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £40000 - £50000 per annum
Posted: 20 hours ago
Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire
Latcom Ltd
Salary: From £25,000 to £40,000 per annum
Posted: 20 hours ago
South West London
Client Server
Salary: £75k to £90k + options
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Jambo Ltd
Salary: Up to £55,000 per annum
Posted: 15 hours ago
Chester, Cheshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
Nelson, Lancashire
ReThink Recruitment
Salary: £35000.00 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
Thame, Oxfordshire
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: Up to 45,000 + Benefits
Posted: 16 hours ago
Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire
SYSTEM RECRUITMENT LTD
Salary: £20000 - £40000 per annum + Pension
Posted: 21 hours ago
Witham, Essex
Senitor Associates
Salary: Benefits & Bonus
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Premier IT
Salary: £20000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 12 hours ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Spring Technology
Salary: Benefits
Posted: 21 hours ago
Winchester, Hampshire
Austin Fraser
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Arrows Group
Salary: £60000 - £85000 per annum + Bonus
Posted: 14 hours ago
Bromsgrove, Worcestershire
Arden Resourcing Limited
Salary: £21000.00 - £24000.00 per annum + Benefits and Bonus
Posted: 22 hours ago
Farnborough, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £40000 - £55000 per annum
Posted: 14 hours ago
Witham, Essex
Senitor Associates
Salary: £26000 - £30000 per annum + Bonus & Benefits
Posted: 13 hours ago
West Sussex
Search Consultancy
Posted: 16 hours ago
Solihull, West Midlands (County)
Senitor Associates
Salary: £25000 - £40000 per annum + great benefits
Posted: 14 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Oscar
Salary: £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 23 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Xist4 IT Recruitment
Salary: £30-35,000 + Bens
Posted: Yesterday
Rugby, Warwickshire
Searchability
Salary: £30000 - £38000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Excellent Benefits!
Posted: 23 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Pixel Hires
Salary: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Aquent
Salary: £45000 - £50000 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
Client Server
Salary: £80k to £85k + bonus + benefits
Posted: 20 hours ago
Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Salary: £70000 - £75000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 14 hours ago
Kettering, Northamptonshire
Pro-Quest Resourcing Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 Per Annum + benefits
Posted: 20 hours ago