Period
to 20 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 15 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 17,312 20,844 22,181
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 11.40% 12.36% 12.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.55% 30.67% 32.09%
Number of salaries quoted 14,892 18,684 20,141
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £28,500 £27,500 £26,750
90th Percentile £75,000 £68,750 £67,500
UK median annual salary £46,514 £44,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.71% +3.53% +4.94%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 60,641 67,961 69,128
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.94% 40.30% 39.16%
Number of salaries quoted 50,466 56,938 60,443
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 6 months to 20 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 6,617 £60,000 +9.09% 1,143
South East -1 3,947 £45,000 +5.88% 610
North of England -2 2,629 £40,000 - 826
Midlands -4 1,640 £40,000 +14.29% 523
North West -3 1,476 £42,500 +6.25% 456
South West +1 1,350 £40,000 - 326
East of England 0 1,113 £45,000 +5.88% 286
Yorkshire -3 965 £40,000 +6.67% 273
West Midlands -3 914 £40,000 +14.29% 300
East Midlands -4 726 £39,000 +5.41% 222
North East +1 187 £37,500 - 97
South Coast - 2 - -
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 16,119 (93.11%) HTML
2 14,937 (86.28%) JavaScript
3 7,817 (45.15%) Agile Software Development
4 6,881 (39.75%) C#
5 6,843 (39.53%) .NET
6 6,514 (37.63%) AngularJS
7 5,703 (32.94%) MVC
8 5,574 (32.20%) HTML5
9 5,205 (30.07%) jQuery
10 4,977 (28.75%) SQL
11 4,594 (26.54%) ASP.NET
12 4,290 (24.78%) SQL Server
13 4,018 (23.21%) CSS3
14 3,957 (22.86%) Web Development
15 3,590 (20.74%) Git (software)
16 3,491 (20.17%) Front End Development
17 3,419 (19.75%) React
18 3,210 (18.54%) PHP
19 3,159 (18.25%) Java
20 2,722 (15.72%) ASP.NET MVC
21 2,718 (15.70%) TDD
22 2,688 (15.53%) Finance
23 2,674 (15.45%) User Experience
24 2,654 (15.33%) Scrum
25 2,439 (14.09%) MySQL
26 2,313 (13.36%) Node.js
27 2,299 (13.28%) Microsoft
28 2,296 (13.26%) Web Services
29 2,230 (12.88%) Software Engineering
30 2,186 (12.63%) Sass

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,190 (6.87%) CMS
2 697 (4.03%) WordPress
3 546 (3.15%) Elasticsearch
4 530 (3.06%) Apache
5 424 (2.45%) SharePoint
6 412 (2.38%) IIS
7 362 (2.09%) Umbraco
8 334 (1.93%) Tomcat
9 314 (1.81%) Drupal
10 269 (1.55%) Confluence
11 190 (1.10%) EPiServer
12 189 (1.09%) Sitecore CMS
13 160 (0.92%) nginx
14 142 (0.82%) JBoss
15 101 (0.58%) Kentico
16 99 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 85 (0.49%) Apache Spark
18 79 (0.46%) SharePoint 2013
19 77 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 69 (0.40%) WebLogic
Applications
1 685 (3.96%) Photoshop
2 343 (1.98%) Adobe Illustrator
3 210 (1.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 119 (0.69%) InVision
5 118 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
6 104 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
7 84 (0.49%) Chatbot
8 52 (0.30%) InDesign
9 41 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
10 27 (0.16%) GIMP
10 27 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
11 24 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 23 (0.13%) MS Visio
13 19 (0.11%) Fireworks
14 17 (0.098%) Acrobat
15 13 (0.075%) Mingle
16 12 (0.069%) UXPin
17 11 (0.064%) Flinto
17 11 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
18 10 (0.058%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 262 (1.51%) Magento
2 191 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
3 53 (0.31%) Shopify
4 48 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
5 46 (0.27%) Eloqua
6 24 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
7 21 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
8 19 (0.11%) Actimize
9 17 (0.098%) WebTrends
10 14 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
11 11 (0.064%) OpenCart
12 9 (0.052%) Oracle BPM
12 9 (0.052%) SDL Web 8
13 8 (0.046%) Odoo
14 7 (0.040%) Distributed Ledger
14 7 (0.040%) NetSuite
14 7 (0.040%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
14 7 (0.040%) Remedy ITSM
15 4 (0.023%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 4 (0.023%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 2,104 (12.15%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,670 (9.65%) Amazon AWS
3 617 (3.56%) SaaS
4 532 (3.07%) GitHub
5 458 (2.65%) npm
6 206 (1.19%) Serverless
7 170 (0.98%) Google Cloud Platform
8 159 (0.92%) Google Analytics
9 138 (0.80%) Office 365
10 135 (0.78%) Amazon S3
11 128 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
12 113 (0.65%) PaaS
13 107 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
14 71 (0.41%) Google Play
15 69 (0.40%) Adobe Creative Cloud
16 67 (0.39%) IaaS
17 66 (0.38%) Cloud Computing
18 53 (0.31%) Dynamics 365
19 51 (0.29%) Yarn
20 50 (0.29%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 375 (2.17%) HTTP
2 308 (1.78%) Internet
3 133 (0.77%) Intranet
4 88 (0.51%) TCP/IP
5 72 (0.42%) SMS
6 66 (0.38%) DNS
7 64 (0.37%) SSL
8 43 (0.25%) Firewall
9 34 (0.20%) Broadband
10 28 (0.16%) Skype
11 26 (0.15%) SSH
12 24 (0.14%) Extranet
13 18 (0.10%) Wireless
14 17 (0.098%) Network Security
15 16 (0.092%) FTP
16 14 (0.081%) LAN
16 14 (0.081%) VoIP
17 13 (0.075%) SNMP
18 12 (0.069%) WAN
19 11 (0.064%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,290 (24.78%) SQL Server
2 2,439 (14.09%) MySQL
3 1,032 (5.96%) MongoDB
4 1,008 (5.82%) NoSQL
5 754 (4.36%) Relational Database
6 592 (3.42%) PostgreSQL
7 314 (1.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 281 (1.62%) Big Data
9 279 (1.61%) Redis
10 278 (1.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 269 (1.55%) SQL Server 2016
12 251 (1.45%) SQL Server 2012
13 211 (1.22%) SQL Server 2008
14 188 (1.09%) RDBMS
15 184 (1.06%) Blockchain
16 165 (0.95%) RavenDB
17 136 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 109 (0.63%) Power BI
19 103 (0.59%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 98 (0.57%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 3,590 (20.74%) Git (software)
2 1,068 (6.17%) Visual Studio
3 914 (5.28%) gulp
4 872 (5.04%) JIRA
5 867 (5.01%) Jenkins
6 852 (4.92%) Team Foundation Server
7 823 (4.75%) webpack
8 742 (4.29%) Subversion
9 673 (3.89%) Selenium
10 602 (3.48%) Grunt
11 451 (2.61%) Maven
12 397 (2.29%) Jasmine
13 384 (2.22%) NUnit
14 357 (2.06%) TeamCity
15 344 (1.99%) JUnit
16 274 (1.58%) Mocha
17 256 (1.48%) Protractor
18 253 (1.46%) Octopus Deploy
19 249 (1.44%) Karma Test Runner
20 208 (1.20%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 2,688 (15.53%) Finance
2 1,142 (6.60%) Marketing
3 866 (5.00%) Retail
4 607 (3.51%) Banking
5 512 (2.96%) Advertising
6 485 (2.80%) Games
7 329 (1.90%) Manufacturing
8 268 (1.55%) Telecoms
9 184 (1.06%) Automotive
10 177 (1.02%) Electronics
11 153 (0.88%) Investment Banking
12 150 (0.87%) Publishing
13 146 (0.84%) Legal
14 129 (0.75%) Law
15 112 (0.65%) Back Office
16 101 (0.58%) Financial Institution
17 69 (0.40%) Multimedia
18 61 (0.35%) Front Office
19 41 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
20 27 (0.16%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 13,743 (79.38%) Developer
2 3,293 (19.02%) .NET Developer
3 2,682 (15.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 2,433 (14.05%) C# Developer
5 2,184 (12.62%) Senior Developer
6 1,755 (10.14%) Web Developer
7 1,711 (9.88%) JavaScript Developer
8 1,618 (9.35%) C# .NET Developer
9 1,552 (8.96%) Software Developer
10 1,489 (8.60%) PHP Developer
11 1,475 (8.52%) Full Stack Developer
12 1,198 (6.92%) Java Developer
13 968 (5.59%) ASP.NET Developer
14 940 (5.43%) Software Engineer
15 823 (4.75%) HTML Developer
16 804 (4.64%) C# ASP.NET Developer
17 779 (4.50%) Junior
18 707 (4.08%) Angular Developer
18 707 (4.08%) Lead Developer
19 691 (3.99%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16,119 (93.11%) HTML
2 6,843 (39.53%) .NET
3 6,514 (37.63%) AngularJS
4 5,574 (32.20%) HTML5
5 5,205 (30.07%) jQuery
6 4,594 (26.54%) ASP.NET
7 4,018 (23.21%) CSS3
8 3,419 (19.75%) React
9 2,722 (15.72%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,313 (13.36%) Node.js
11 2,296 (13.26%) Web Services
12 2,186 (12.63%) Sass
13 2,154 (12.44%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 1,942 (11.22%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,851 (10.69%) RESTful
16 1,821 (10.52%) .NET Framework
17 1,689 (9.76%) REST
18 1,600 (9.24%) XML
19 1,320 (7.62%) Ajax
20 1,287 (7.43%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 2,674 (15.45%) User Experience
2 1,161 (6.71%) Computer Science
3 1,128 (6.52%) Greenfield Project
4 939 (5.42%) Mobile App
5 801 (4.63%) Analytical Skills
6 782 (4.52%) Fintech
7 539 (3.11%) Self-Motivation
8 483 (2.79%) Enterprise Software
9 166 (0.96%) N-Tier
10 158 (0.91%) Social Media
11 156 (0.90%) Graphic Design
12 150 (0.87%) Algorithms
13 139 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
14 132 (0.76%) Data Structures
15 112 (0.65%) W3C
16 111 (0.64%) Tandem
17 104 (0.60%) Virtual Team
18 100 (0.58%) Management Information System
19 99 (0.57%) Hedge funds
20 96 (0.55%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,461 (8.44%) Linux
2 860 (4.97%) Windows
3 637 (3.68%) Android
4 550 (3.18%) Apple iOS
5 286 (1.65%) Unix
6 142 (0.82%) Windows Server
7 70 (0.40%) Ubuntu
8 52 (0.30%) CentOS
9 47 (0.27%) Mac OS
10 41 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
11 35 (0.20%) Debian
12 30 (0.17%) Mac OS X
13 27 (0.16%) Windows 10
14 24 (0.14%) VMS
15 22 (0.13%) openSUSE
16 20 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 12 (0.069%) Solaris
17 12 (0.069%) Windows 7
18 10 (0.058%) Windows Server 2008
19 8 (0.046%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,817 (45.15%) Agile Software Development
2 5,703 (32.94%) MVC
3 3,957 (22.86%) Web Development
4 3,491 (20.17%) Front End Development
5 2,718 (15.70%) TDD
6 2,654 (15.33%) Scrum
7 2,230 (12.88%) Software Engineering
8 1,953 (11.28%) OO
9 1,579 (9.12%) Problem-Solving
10 1,462 (8.45%) E-Commerce
11 1,439 (8.31%) Continuous Integration
12 1,365 (7.88%) Test Automation
13 1,357 (7.84%) Unit Testing
14 1,172 (6.77%) Microservices
15 1,138 (6.57%) BDD
16 1,048 (6.05%) OOP
17 993 (5.74%) DevOps
18 980 (5.66%) Web Application Development
19 977 (5.64%) SDLC
20 942 (5.44%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 14,937 (86.28%) JavaScript
2 6,881 (39.75%) C#
3 4,977 (28.75%) SQL
4 3,210 (18.54%) PHP
5 3,159 (18.25%) Java
6 1,249 (7.21%) Python
7 1,081 (6.24%) T-SQL
8 1,072 (6.19%) TypeScript
9 995 (5.75%) ES6
10 513 (2.96%) C++
11 485 (2.80%) Ruby
12 473 (2.73%) VB.NET
13 365 (2.11%) Java 8
14 268 (1.55%) PL/SQL
15 261 (1.51%) C
16 199 (1.15%) PowerShell
17 177 (1.02%) Scala
18 151 (0.87%) Bash Shell
19 136 (0.79%) VB
20 132 (0.76%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1,977 (11.42%) Degree
2 676 (3.90%) Computer Science Degree
3 188 (1.09%) Security Cleared
4 121 (0.70%) SC Cleared
5 88 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
6 58 (0.34%) Master's Degree
7 49 (0.28%) PhD
8 44 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
9 36 (0.21%) DBS Check
10 35 (0.20%) SAFe Agilist
11 34 (0.20%) DV Cleared
12 21 (0.12%) ISTQB
13 15 (0.087%) ISEB
14 14 (0.081%) ITIL Certification
15 13 (0.075%) Cisco Certification
15 13 (0.075%) HND
16 11 (0.064%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 9 (0.052%) CCNA
18 8 (0.046%) MCSD
18 8 (0.046%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 704 (4.07%) QA
2 96 (0.55%) GDPR
3 70 (0.40%) SLA
4 54 (0.31%) WCAG
5 49 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 44 (0.25%) ISO 9001
7 30 (0.17%) Data Quality
8 29 (0.17%) PCI DSS
9 22 (0.13%) WAI
10 16 (0.092%) Disclosure Scotland
11 11 (0.064%) ISO 14001
12 8 (0.046%) DICOM
13 6 (0.035%) PMO
14 4 (0.023%) JSP 440
15 3 (0.017%) HL7
16 2 (0.012%) GAMP
16 2 (0.012%) PA-DSS
16 2 (0.012%) Web Application Security Consortium
17 1 (0.006%) ISO 22301
17 1 (0.006%) Section 508
System Software
1 854 (4.93%) Docker
2 92 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 63 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
4 34 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 22 (0.13%) GridGain
5 22 (0.13%) Varnish
6 18 (0.10%) Firmware
7 14 (0.081%) HDFS
7 14 (0.081%) VirtualBox
8 13 (0.075%) LXC
9 10 (0.058%) Hyper-V
10 4 (0.023%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.017%) KVM
11 3 (0.017%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.012%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.012%) Forefront TMG
12 2 (0.012%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.012%) vSphere
13 1 (0.006%) Terminal Services
13 1 (0.006%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 250 (1.44%) Kubernetes
2 148 (0.85%) Ansible
3 142 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
4 111 (0.64%) Puppet
5 91 (0.53%) Terraform
6 34 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
7 32 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
7 32 (0.18%) Kibana
8 28 (0.16%) Salt
9 19 (0.11%) logstash
10 18 (0.10%) HP Quality Center
11 14 (0.081%) cPanel
11 14 (0.081%) Graphite
12 13 (0.075%) Grafana
13 12 (0.069%) HAProxy
13 12 (0.069%) Microsoft Intune
13 12 (0.069%) Prometheus
14 9 (0.052%) Nagios
15 8 (0.046%) Capistrano
15 8 (0.046%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 2,299 (13.28%) Microsoft
2 862 (4.98%) Oracle
3 712 (4.11%) Adobe
4 599 (3.46%) Google
5 255 (1.47%) Zend
6 254 (1.47%) Sitecore
7 244 (1.41%) Xamarin
8 195 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
9 182 (1.05%) SAP
10 142 (0.82%) Twitter
11 120 (0.69%) IBM
12 104 (0.60%) Facebook
13 100 (0.58%) Nintex
14 86 (0.50%) Tableau
15 80 (0.46%) ServiceNow
16 70 (0.40%) Telerik
17 65 (0.38%) Atlassian
18 50 (0.29%) Splunk
19 49 (0.28%) Marketo
19 49 (0.28%) VMware