Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 14 15
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 19,310 22,095 24,113
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 11.92% 13.14% 12.65%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.23% 32.28% 32.28%
Number of salaries quoted 17,061 19,697 21,855
England median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £72,500 £67,500 £65,000
UK median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 66,064 68,448 74,698
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.79% 40.72% 39.19%
Number of salaries quoted 55,362 57,746 65,393
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 6,967 £57,500 +4.55% 1,079
South East +3 4,714 £45,000 +12.50% 622
North of England -2 3,030 £40,000 +5.26% 724
Midlands -4 1,905 £40,000 +6.67% 444
North West -2 1,713 £40,000 +3.90% 424
South West -2 1,506 £40,000 +2.70% 289
East of England -4 1,157 £45,000 +5.88% 205
Yorkshire -1 1,127 £40,000 - 254
West Midlands -6 1,058 £40,000 +6.67% 234
East Midlands -2 842 £40,000 +13.48% 210
North East -3 191 £35,000 - 46
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 18,014 (93.29%) HTML
2 16,588 (85.90%) JavaScript
3 8,420 (43.60%) Agile Software Development
4 7,666 (39.70%) C#
5 7,619 (39.46%) .NET
6 7,008 (36.29%) AngularJS
7 6,453 (33.42%) MVC
8 6,247 (32.35%) HTML5
9 6,226 (32.24%) jQuery
10 5,789 (29.98%) SQL
11 5,136 (26.60%) ASP.NET
12 4,623 (23.94%) Web Development
13 4,601 (23.83%) SQL Server
14 4,537 (23.50%) CSS3
15 4,098 (21.22%) Git (software)
16 4,081 (21.13%) Front End Development
17 3,718 (19.25%) Java
18 3,679 (19.05%) React
19 3,631 (18.80%) PHP
20 3,236 (16.76%) TDD
21 3,058 (15.84%) ASP.NET MVC
22 2,965 (15.35%) User Experience
23 2,884 (14.94%) Finance
24 2,872 (14.87%) Scrum
25 2,749 (14.24%) MySQL
26 2,728 (14.13%) Node.js
27 2,476 (12.82%) Web Services
28 2,426 (12.56%) Microsoft
29 2,406 (12.46%) Sass
30 2,337 (12.10%) Software Engineering

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,343 (6.95%) CMS
2 817 (4.23%) WordPress
3 668 (3.46%) Apache
4 604 (3.13%) SharePoint
5 451 (2.34%) Drupal
6 416 (2.15%) Umbraco
7 414 (2.14%) IIS
8 391 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
9 368 (1.91%) Tomcat
10 276 (1.43%) Confluence
11 230 (1.19%) Sitecore CMS
12 202 (1.05%) EPiServer
13 192 (0.99%) JBoss
14 183 (0.95%) nginx
15 169 (0.88%) SharePoint 2013
16 117 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 108 (0.56%) WebSphere
18 105 (0.54%) WebLogic
19 90 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 82 (0.42%) Kentico
Applications
1 713 (3.69%) Photoshop
2 352 (1.82%) Adobe Illustrator
3 203 (1.05%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 133 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
5 115 (0.60%) InVision
6 87 (0.45%) Chatbot
7 84 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
8 48 (0.25%) InDesign
9 44 (0.23%) OmniGraffle
10 38 (0.20%) GIMP
10 38 (0.20%) InfoPath
11 36 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 36 (0.19%) MS Visio
12 29 (0.15%) Adobe After Effects
13 27 (0.14%) UXPin
14 26 (0.13%) Fireworks
15 15 (0.078%) Microsoft Project
16 13 (0.067%) Camtasia
17 12 (0.062%) Adobe Premiere
18 7 (0.036%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 323 (1.67%) Magento
2 184 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
3 55 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
4 47 (0.24%) Eloqua
5 46 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
6 36 (0.19%) Shopify
7 20 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
7 20 (0.10%) WebTrends
8 19 (0.098%) Adobe Campaign
8 19 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 15 (0.078%) NetSuite
10 14 (0.073%) Dynamics NAV
11 13 (0.067%) SAP Hybris
12 12 (0.062%) OpenCart
13 9 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
14 8 (0.041%) SAP ERP
14 8 (0.041%) SDL Web 8
15 6 (0.031%) Movex
16 3 (0.016%) Oracle Applications
17 2 (0.010%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 2,006 (10.39%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,717 (8.89%) Amazon AWS
3 583 (3.02%) SaaS
4 576 (2.98%) GitHub
5 573 (2.97%) npm
6 213 (1.10%) Office 365
7 201 (1.04%) PaaS
8 180 (0.93%) Serverless
9 165 (0.85%) Google Analytics
10 155 (0.80%) Google Cloud Platform
11 143 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
12 134 (0.69%) IaaS
13 131 (0.68%) Amazon S3
14 115 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
15 106 (0.55%) AWS Lambda
16 94 (0.49%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 88 (0.46%) Slack
18 82 (0.42%) Yarn
19 54 (0.28%) Amazon SQS
20 48 (0.25%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 475 (2.46%) HTTP
2 358 (1.85%) Internet
3 142 (0.74%) Intranet
4 136 (0.70%) SMS
5 101 (0.52%) TCP/IP
6 90 (0.47%) DNS
6 90 (0.47%) SSL
7 64 (0.33%) Broadband
8 45 (0.23%) Firewall
9 28 (0.15%) Skype
10 23 (0.12%) VPN
11 22 (0.11%) Wireless
12 21 (0.11%) SSH
13 18 (0.093%) AMQP
13 18 (0.093%) Extranet
14 17 (0.088%) DHCP
14 17 (0.088%) LAN
15 15 (0.078%) Network Security
15 15 (0.078%) Wireshark
16 14 (0.073%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,601 (23.83%) SQL Server
2 2,749 (14.24%) MySQL
3 1,052 (5.45%) NoSQL
4 1,044 (5.41%) MongoDB
5 810 (4.19%) Relational Database
6 547 (2.83%) PostgreSQL
7 352 (1.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 349 (1.81%) SQL Server 2016
9 307 (1.59%) Redis
10 281 (1.46%) SQL Server 2008
11 277 (1.43%) Blockchain
12 271 (1.40%) SQL Server 2012
13 266 (1.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 262 (1.36%) Big Data
15 204 (1.06%) RavenDB
16 164 (0.85%) RDBMS
17 111 (0.57%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 101 (0.52%) Data Warehouse
19 94 (0.49%) Apache Cassandra
20 88 (0.46%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 4,098 (21.22%) Git (software)
2 1,191 (6.17%) Visual Studio
3 1,163 (6.02%) gulp
4 973 (5.04%) webpack
5 862 (4.46%) Team Foundation Server
6 850 (4.40%) Subversion
7 849 (4.40%) JIRA
8 830 (4.30%) Selenium
9 829 (4.29%) Jenkins
10 806 (4.17%) Grunt
11 544 (2.82%) Jasmine
12 511 (2.65%) Maven
13 476 (2.47%) NUnit
14 453 (2.35%) JUnit
15 401 (2.08%) TeamCity
16 400 (2.07%) Mocha
17 336 (1.74%) Karma Test Runner
18 332 (1.72%) Protractor
19 250 (1.29%) Bitbucket
20 242 (1.25%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 2,884 (14.94%) Finance
2 1,281 (6.63%) Marketing
3 1,079 (5.59%) Retail
4 667 (3.45%) Banking
5 620 (3.21%) Advertising
6 540 (2.80%) Games
7 306 (1.58%) Telecoms
8 292 (1.51%) Manufacturing
9 223 (1.15%) Legal
10 201 (1.04%) Automotive
11 171 (0.89%) Electronics
12 140 (0.73%) Financial Institution
13 136 (0.70%) Investment Banking
13 136 (0.70%) Law
14 123 (0.64%) Publishing
15 102 (0.53%) Back Office
16 82 (0.42%) Multimedia
17 58 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
18 42 (0.22%) Front Office
19 33 (0.17%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 15,870 (82.19%) Developer
2 4,023 (20.83%) .NET Developer
3 3,114 (16.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 2,939 (15.22%) C# Developer
5 2,645 (13.70%) Senior Developer
6 2,277 (11.79%) JavaScript Developer
7 2,069 (10.71%) C# .NET Developer
8 1,922 (9.95%) Web Developer
9 1,786 (9.25%) Software Developer
10 1,642 (8.50%) PHP Developer
11 1,520 (7.87%) Java Developer
12 1,497 (7.75%) Full Stack Developer
13 1,176 (6.09%) ASP.NET Developer
14 1,090 (5.64%) HTML Developer
15 1,032 (5.34%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 988 (5.12%) Angular Developer
17 883 (4.57%) HTML CSS Developer
18 877 (4.54%) Junior
19 857 (4.44%) Software Engineer
20 854 (4.42%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18,014 (93.29%) HTML
2 7,619 (39.46%) .NET
3 7,008 (36.29%) AngularJS
4 6,247 (32.35%) HTML5
5 6,226 (32.24%) jQuery
6 5,136 (26.60%) ASP.NET
7 4,537 (23.50%) CSS3
8 3,679 (19.05%) React
9 3,058 (15.84%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,728 (14.13%) Node.js
11 2,476 (12.82%) Web Services
12 2,406 (12.46%) Sass
13 2,173 (11.25%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 2,032 (10.52%) .NET Framework
15 2,022 (10.47%) RESTful
16 1,930 (9.99%) XML
17 1,870 (9.68%) REST
18 1,846 (9.56%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1,636 (8.47%) Ajax
20 1,504 (7.79%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,965 (15.35%) User Experience
2 1,348 (6.98%) Greenfield Project
3 1,341 (6.94%) Computer Science
4 1,179 (6.11%) Mobile App
5 849 (4.40%) Analytical Skills
6 808 (4.18%) Fintech
7 639 (3.31%) Self-Motivation
8 440 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
9 189 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
10 161 (0.83%) Algorithms
11 159 (0.82%) Social Media
12 157 (0.81%) Management Information System
13 155 (0.80%) Graphic Design
14 147 (0.76%) N-Tier
15 142 (0.74%) W3C
16 125 (0.65%) Hedge funds
17 124 (0.64%) Data Structures
18 99 (0.51%) Virtual Team
19 88 (0.46%) Blog
20 79 (0.41%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 1,641 (8.50%) Linux
2 832 (4.31%) Windows
3 603 (3.12%) Android
4 517 (2.68%) Apple iOS
5 344 (1.78%) Unix
6 161 (0.83%) Windows Server
7 57 (0.30%) Ubuntu
8 54 (0.28%) CentOS
8 54 (0.28%) Debian
9 50 (0.26%) Mac OS
10 44 (0.23%) Mac OS X
11 35 (0.18%) VMS
11 35 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
12 27 (0.14%) Windows Phone
13 19 (0.098%) Windows Phone 8
14 18 (0.093%) Nucleus RTOS
14 18 (0.093%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 15 (0.078%) openSUSE
16 14 (0.073%) Windows Server 2008
17 10 (0.052%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,420 (43.60%) Agile Software Development
2 6,453 (33.42%) MVC
3 4,623 (23.94%) Web Development
4 4,081 (21.13%) Front End Development
5 3,236 (16.76%) TDD
6 2,872 (14.87%) Scrum
7 2,337 (12.10%) Software Engineering
8 2,264 (11.72%) OO
9 1,659 (8.59%) Unit Testing
10 1,654 (8.57%) Problem-Solving
11 1,611 (8.34%) Continuous Integration
12 1,599 (8.28%) E-Commerce
13 1,501 (7.77%) Test Automation
14 1,304 (6.75%) BDD
15 1,206 (6.25%) SDLC
16 1,164 (6.03%) OOP
17 1,160 (6.01%) Responsive Web Design
18 1,063 (5.50%) DevOps
19 1,003 (5.19%) Microservices
20 991 (5.13%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 16,588 (85.90%) JavaScript
2 7,666 (39.70%) C#
3 5,789 (29.98%) SQL
4 3,718 (19.25%) Java
5 3,631 (18.80%) PHP
6 1,322 (6.85%) Python
7 1,115 (5.77%) T-SQL
8 1,087 (5.63%) TypeScript
9 979 (5.07%) ES6
10 629 (3.26%) Ruby
11 553 (2.86%) C++
12 542 (2.81%) VB.NET
13 450 (2.33%) Java 8
14 304 (1.57%) PowerShell
15 276 (1.43%) PL/SQL
16 262 (1.36%) Scala
17 237 (1.23%) C
18 196 (1.02%) Perl
19 193 (1.00%) VB
20 179 (0.93%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 2,323 (12.03%) Degree
2 774 (4.01%) Computer Science Degree
3 173 (0.90%) Security Cleared
4 153 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
5 74 (0.38%) SC Cleared
6 55 (0.28%) Master's Degree
7 47 (0.24%) DV Cleared
8 46 (0.24%) MCSD
9 44 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
10 41 (0.21%) SAFe Agilist
11 34 (0.18%) PhD
12 32 (0.17%) MCAD
13 31 (0.16%) MCTS
14 24 (0.12%) ISEB
15 22 (0.11%) MCPD
16 21 (0.11%) DBS Check
17 19 (0.098%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
18 17 (0.088%) ITIL Certification
19 15 (0.078%) MCP
19 15 (0.078%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 693 (3.59%) QA
2 73 (0.38%) SLA
3 57 (0.30%) WCAG
4 54 (0.28%) GCP
5 42 (0.22%) GDPR
6 35 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 31 (0.16%) ISO 9001
8 28 (0.15%) Data Quality
9 23 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 22 (0.11%) WAI
11 18 (0.093%) Disclosure Scotland
12 8 (0.041%) GAMP
13 7 (0.036%) PMO
14 6 (0.031%) Cyber Essentials
15 5 (0.026%) HL7
15 5 (0.026%) PA-DSS
15 5 (0.026%) Web Application Security Consortium
16 4 (0.021%) DICOM
16 4 (0.021%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 4 (0.021%) SEPA
System Software
1 842 (4.36%) Docker
2 129 (0.67%) Active Directory
3 69 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
4 29 (0.15%) Hyper-V
5 27 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 26 (0.13%) GridGain
7 20 (0.10%) Varnish
8 17 (0.088%) HDFS
9 13 (0.067%) VirtualBox
10 11 (0.057%) LXC
11 10 (0.052%) VMware NSX
12 9 (0.047%) Firmware
13 8 (0.041%) Microsoft App-V
13 8 (0.041%) VMware ESXi
14 4 (0.021%) Squid
15 3 (0.016%) Samba
16 2 (0.010%) Virtual Desktop
17 1 (0.005%) Forefront TMG
17 1 (0.005%) Terminal Services
17 1 (0.005%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 193 (1.00%) Kubernetes
2 147 (0.76%) Ansible
3 128 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
4 102 (0.53%) Puppet
5 98 (0.51%) Terraform
6 45 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
7 33 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
8 26 (0.13%) Prometheus
8 26 (0.13%) Salt
9 25 (0.13%) Kibana
10 22 (0.11%) SCCM
10 22 (0.11%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 21 (0.11%) Graphite
12 20 (0.10%) Nagios
13 17 (0.088%) cPanel
13 17 (0.088%) SCOM
14 14 (0.073%) logstash
14 14 (0.073%) OPNET
15 13 (0.067%) HAProxy
15 13 (0.067%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 2,426 (12.56%) Microsoft
2 914 (4.73%) Oracle
3 768 (3.98%) Google
4 740 (3.83%) Adobe
5 302 (1.56%) Sitecore
6 286 (1.48%) Zend
7 274 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
8 263 (1.36%) Capita
9 251 (1.30%) Xamarin
10 233 (1.21%) Twitter
11 148 (0.77%) SAP
12 106 (0.55%) Facebook
13 90 (0.47%) Splunk
14 80 (0.41%) IBM
15 76 (0.39%) hybris
16 71 (0.37%) Marketo
17 68 (0.35%) VMware
18 67 (0.35%) ServiceNow
19 63 (0.33%) Nintex
20 62 (0.32%) Atlassian