Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 15 15 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 20796 22567 25211
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 12.40% 12.59% 12.24%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 30.80% 32.25% 32.06%
Number of salaries quoted 18636 20491 22656
England median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £27,500 £26,750 £26,250
90th Percentile £68,750 £67,500 £63,750
UK median annual salary £44,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 67521 69984 78648
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.26% 39.05% 38.17%
Number of salaries quoted 56525 61224 67832
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 7283 £55,000 +4.76% 365
South East +2 4538 £42,500 +6.25% 243
North of England +1 3419 £40,000 +6.67% 258
Midlands +3 2438 £35,000 -4.11% 193
North West 0 1997 £40,000 +6.67% 129
South West 0 1645 £40,000 +6.67% 73
West Midlands +1 1518 £35,000 - 85
East of England 0 1482 £42,500 +6.25% 96
Yorkshire +1 1246 £37,500 - 111
East Midlands +5 918 £37,000 -1.33% 106
North East -3 179 £37,500 +10.29% 18
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 19654 (94.51%) HTML
2 17947 (86.30%) JavaScript
3 8797 (42.30%) Agile Software Development
4 8127 (39.08%) .NET
5 8065 (38.78%) C#
6 7534 (36.23%) AngularJS
7 7477 (35.95%) jQuery
8 7445 (35.80%) HTML5
9 7222 (34.73%) MVC
10 6023 (28.96%) SQL
11 5683 (27.33%) ASP.NET
12 5358 (25.76%) Web Development
13 5240 (25.20%) CSS3
14 5105 (24.55%) SQL Server
15 4567 (21.96%) Front End Development
16 4530 (21.78%) PHP
17 3854 (18.53%) Java
18 3823 (18.38%) Git (software)
19 3472 (16.70%) React
20 3451 (16.59%) TDD
21 3333 (16.03%) ASP.NET MVC
22 3290 (15.82%) Scrum
23 3221 (15.49%) User Experience
24 3161 (15.20%) Node.js
25 3144 (15.12%) MySQL
26 3064 (14.73%) Finance
27 2890 (13.90%) OO
28 2881 (13.85%) Web Services
29 2745 (13.20%) Microsoft
30 2590 (12.45%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1510 (7.26%) CMS
2 898 (4.32%) WordPress
3 683 (3.28%) Apache
4 615 (2.96%) IIS
5 585 (2.81%) SharePoint
6 460 (2.21%) Drupal
7 435 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
8 410 (1.97%) Umbraco
9 324 (1.56%) Tomcat
10 207 (1.00%) Sitecore CMS
11 203 (0.98%) nginx
12 191 (0.92%) SharePoint 2013
13 180 (0.87%) JBoss
14 173 (0.83%) Confluence
15 171 (0.82%) Apache Solr
16 170 (0.82%) EPiServer
17 135 (0.65%) Apache Spark
18 125 (0.60%) WebSphere
19 112 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
20 104 (0.50%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 959 (4.61%) Photoshop
2 534 (2.57%) Adobe Illustrator
3 324 (1.56%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 190 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
5 162 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
6 128 (0.62%) InVision
7 77 (0.37%) InDesign
8 46 (0.22%) InfoPath
9 36 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 36 (0.17%) MS Visio
10 29 (0.14%) FileZilla
11 27 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
12 24 (0.12%) Chatbot
13 22 (0.11%) UXPin
14 20 (0.096%) GIMP
15 19 (0.091%) Adobe Premiere
16 16 (0.077%) Moqups
17 14 (0.067%) Fireworks
17 14 (0.067%) OmniGraffle
18 10 (0.048%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 480 (2.31%) Magento
2 175 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
3 75 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
4 45 (0.22%) Shopify
5 38 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
5 38 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
6 35 (0.17%) Eloqua
7 31 (0.15%) WebTrends
8 30 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
9 28 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
10 25 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 24 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
12 20 (0.096%) OpenCart
13 17 (0.082%) Dynamics AX
14 10 (0.048%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 8 (0.038%) Movex
15 8 (0.038%) NetSuite
16 6 (0.029%) Maximo
16 6 (0.029%) nopCommerce
16 6 (0.029%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 1720 (8.27%) Microsoft Azure
2 1406 (6.76%) Amazon AWS
3 808 (3.89%) SaaS
4 633 (3.04%) GitHub
5 447 (2.15%) npm
6 234 (1.13%) Office 365
7 202 (0.97%) Google Analytics
8 179 (0.86%) PaaS
9 138 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
10 119 (0.57%) IaaS
11 104 (0.50%) Google Cloud Platform
12 102 (0.49%) Serverless
13 77 (0.37%) Amazon S3
14 76 (0.37%) Amazon EC2
15 74 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 74 (0.36%) AWS Lambda
16 63 (0.30%) Google Play
17 49 (0.24%) Heroku
17 49 (0.24%) Slack
18 48 (0.23%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 546 (2.63%) Internet
2 535 (2.57%) HTTP
3 150 (0.72%) Intranet
4 118 (0.57%) SMS
5 100 (0.48%) DNS
6 99 (0.48%) SSL
7 92 (0.44%) TCP/IP
8 89 (0.43%) FTP
9 65 (0.31%) Firewall
10 61 (0.29%) SMTP
11 51 (0.25%) Skype
12 38 (0.18%) Broadband
12 38 (0.18%) VPN
13 35 (0.17%) Wireless
14 28 (0.13%) LDAP
15 25 (0.12%) AMQP
16 24 (0.12%) SSH
17 22 (0.11%) Extranet
17 22 (0.11%) PPP
17 22 (0.11%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5105 (24.55%) SQL Server
2 3144 (15.12%) MySQL
3 1053 (5.06%) NoSQL
4 985 (4.74%) MongoDB
5 872 (4.19%) Relational Database
6 438 (2.11%) PostgreSQL
7 368 (1.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 367 (1.76%) Big Data
9 348 (1.67%) Redis
10 326 (1.57%) SQL Server 2008
11 286 (1.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 278 (1.34%) SQL Server 2012
13 248 (1.19%) SQL Server 2014
14 209 (1.01%) RDBMS
15 192 (0.92%) Apache Cassandra
16 169 (0.81%) Hadoop
16 169 (0.81%) SQL Server 2016
17 151 (0.73%) RavenDB
18 137 (0.66%) Data Warehouse
19 100 (0.48%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3823 (18.38%) Git (software)
2 1141 (5.49%) Visual Studio
3 1065 (5.12%) gulp
4 1044 (5.02%) Subversion
5 870 (4.18%) Team Foundation Server
6 809 (3.89%) Grunt
7 792 (3.81%) JIRA
8 751 (3.61%) Jenkins
9 658 (3.16%) NUnit
10 656 (3.15%) webpack
11 636 (3.06%) Selenium
12 548 (2.64%) Jasmine
13 392 (1.88%) JUnit
14 368 (1.77%) TeamCity
15 315 (1.51%) Maven
16 305 (1.47%) Mocha
17 304 (1.46%) Bitbucket
18 288 (1.38%) Karma Test Runner
19 230 (1.11%) PHPUnit
20 227 (1.09%) Moq
General
1 3064 (14.73%) Finance
2 1630 (7.84%) Marketing
3 1328 (6.39%) Retail
4 694 (3.34%) Banking
5 655 (3.15%) Advertising
6 638 (3.07%) Games
7 468 (2.25%) Telecoms
8 387 (1.86%) Manufacturing
9 357 (1.72%) Electronics
10 272 (1.31%) Legal
11 179 (0.86%) Automotive
12 170 (0.82%) Publishing
13 150 (0.72%) Back Office
14 121 (0.58%) Law
15 86 (0.41%) Investment Banking
16 85 (0.41%) Financial Institution
17 84 (0.40%) Multimedia
18 83 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
19 82 (0.39%) Front Office
20 67 (0.32%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 17049 (81.98%) Developer
2 4382 (21.07%) .NET Developer
3 3437 (16.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 3165 (15.22%) C# Developer
5 2837 (13.64%) Senior Developer
6 2822 (13.57%) JavaScript Developer
7 2464 (11.85%) Web Developer
8 2407 (11.57%) C# .NET Developer
9 2255 (10.84%) PHP Developer
10 1663 (8.00%) Software Developer
11 1579 (7.59%) ASP.NET Developer
12 1573 (7.56%) HTML Developer
13 1440 (6.92%) Full Stack Developer
14 1353 (6.51%) C# ASP.NET Developer
15 1348 (6.48%) Java Developer
16 1299 (6.25%) HTML CSS Developer
17 1133 (5.45%) Junior
18 1089 (5.24%) Angular Developer
19 1076 (5.17%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
20 1020 (4.90%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19654 (94.51%) HTML
2 8127 (39.08%) .NET
3 7534 (36.23%) AngularJS
4 7477 (35.95%) jQuery
5 7445 (35.80%) HTML5
6 5683 (27.33%) ASP.NET
7 5240 (25.20%) CSS3
8 3472 (16.70%) React
9 3333 (16.03%) ASP.NET MVC
10 3161 (15.20%) Node.js
11 2881 (13.85%) Web Services
12 2528 (12.16%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2494 (11.99%) Sass
14 2213 (10.64%) XML
15 2010 (9.67%) REST
16 1965 (9.45%) Ajax
17 1922 (9.24%) .NET Framework
18 1798 (8.65%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1731 (8.32%) RESTful
20 1664 (8.00%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 3221 (15.49%) User Experience
2 1531 (7.36%) Computer Science
3 1392 (6.69%) Greenfield Project
4 1225 (5.89%) Mobile App
5 924 (4.44%) Analytical Skills
6 731 (3.52%) Fintech
7 394 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
8 289 (1.39%) Social Media
9 219 (1.05%) Algorithms
10 205 (0.99%) iPad
11 181 (0.87%) Graphic Design
12 152 (0.73%) W3C
13 139 (0.67%) Linux Command Line
14 114 (0.55%) Data Structures
15 110 (0.53%) N-Tier
16 103 (0.50%) Digital Media
17 98 (0.47%) e-Learning
18 91 (0.44%) Management Information System
19 90 (0.43%) Blog
19 90 (0.43%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1966 (9.45%) Linux
2 1040 (5.00%) Windows
3 915 (4.40%) Android
4 806 (3.88%) Apple iOS
5 407 (1.96%) Unix
6 240 (1.15%) Windows Server
7 73 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 63 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
9 58 (0.28%) Debian
10 50 (0.24%) Windows 7
11 46 (0.22%) CentOS
12 39 (0.19%) Mac OS X
13 37 (0.18%) Mac OS
14 36 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 36 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
15 32 (0.15%) Windows 10
16 31 (0.15%) Windows Phone
17 26 (0.13%) Windows Mobile
18 13 (0.063%) Windows Phone 8
19 12 (0.058%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 8797 (42.30%) Agile Software Development
2 7222 (34.73%) MVC
3 5358 (25.76%) Web Development
4 4567 (21.96%) Front End Development
5 3451 (16.59%) TDD
6 3290 (15.82%) Scrum
7 2890 (13.90%) OO
8 2383 (11.46%) Software Engineering
9 2001 (9.62%) E-Commerce
10 1562 (7.51%) OOP
11 1510 (7.26%) Unit Testing
12 1498 (7.20%) Continuous Integration
13 1339 (6.44%) SDLC
14 1336 (6.42%) BDD
15 1281 (6.16%) Test Automation
16 1209 (5.81%) Responsive Web Design
17 1189 (5.72%) Mentoring
18 943 (4.53%) DevOps
19 940 (4.52%) Analytics
20 892 (4.29%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 17947 (86.30%) JavaScript
2 8065 (38.78%) C#
3 6023 (28.96%) SQL
4 4530 (21.78%) PHP
5 3854 (18.53%) Java
6 1312 (6.31%) Python
7 1310 (6.30%) T-SQL
8 857 (4.12%) TypeScript
9 818 (3.93%) VB.NET
10 798 (3.84%) ES6
11 796 (3.83%) Ruby
12 653 (3.14%) C++
13 427 (2.05%) C
14 307 (1.48%) Scala
15 268 (1.29%) VB
16 239 (1.15%) PowerShell
17 220 (1.06%) PL/SQL
18 194 (0.93%) Bash Shell
19 178 (0.86%) Perl
19 178 (0.86%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 2590 (12.45%) Degree
2 842 (4.05%) Computer Science Degree
3 208 (1.00%) Security Cleared
4 195 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
5 117 (0.56%) SC Cleared
6 85 (0.41%) PhD
7 58 (0.28%) Master's Degree
8 46 (0.22%) MCSD
9 44 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
9 44 (0.21%) Sun Certification
10 43 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
11 39 (0.19%) ISEB
11 39 (0.19%) MCP
12 36 (0.17%) DBS Check
13 34 (0.16%) MCPD
14 33 (0.16%) MCAD
15 32 (0.15%) ISTQB
16 31 (0.15%) HND
17 29 (0.14%) CCNP
17 29 (0.14%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 692 (3.33%) QA
2 80 (0.38%) SLA
3 71 (0.34%) WCAG
4 31 (0.15%) PCI DSS
5 30 (0.14%) WAI
6 20 (0.096%) GCP
7 17 (0.082%) Data Quality
8 16 (0.077%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 13 (0.063%) ISO 9001
10 10 (0.048%) GAMP
11 6 (0.029%) HIPAA
11 6 (0.029%) PMO
12 5 (0.024%) COBIT
12 5 (0.024%) Web Application Security Consortium
13 4 (0.019%) ISO 14001
14 3 (0.014%) Disclosure Scotland
14 3 (0.014%) GDPR
15 2 (0.010%) COSHH
15 2 (0.010%) GMP
16 1 (0.005%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 665 (3.20%) Docker
2 98 (0.47%) Active Directory
3 33 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.11%) HDFS
5 19 (0.091%) Varnish
6 12 (0.058%) Hyper-V
7 11 (0.053%) Samba
8 8 (0.038%) Squid
9 7 (0.034%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 7 (0.034%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.029%) Microsoft App-V
10 6 (0.029%) VirtualBox
11 3 (0.014%) Cygwin
11 3 (0.014%) Xen
11 3 (0.014%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.010%) DFS Replication
12 2 (0.010%) KVM
12 2 (0.010%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.010%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.010%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 177 (0.85%) Puppet
2 119 (0.57%) Ansible
3 109 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
4 95 (0.46%) Kubernetes
5 28 (0.13%) Terraform
6 27 (0.13%) Kibana
7 26 (0.13%) HAProxy
8 25 (0.12%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 24 (0.12%) Capistrano
9 24 (0.12%) cPanel
10 20 (0.096%) Consul
11 18 (0.087%) Salt
12 17 (0.082%) Docker Swarm
13 16 (0.077%) Nagios
14 14 (0.067%) CA Service Virtualization
14 14 (0.067%) Graphite
15 12 (0.058%) logstash
15 12 (0.058%) ZABBIX
16 10 (0.048%) BMC PATROL
17 9 (0.043%) Plesk
Vendors
1 2745 (13.20%) Microsoft
2 971 (4.67%) Oracle
3 849 (4.08%) Adobe
4 830 (3.99%) Google
5 614 (2.95%) Zend
6 324 (1.56%) SAP
7 304 (1.46%) Sitecore
8 255 (1.23%) Xamarin
9 197 (0.95%) Twitter
10 145 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
11 141 (0.68%) hybris
12 128 (0.62%) IBM
13 116 (0.56%) Facebook
14 91 (0.44%) Telerik
15 86 (0.41%) Apple
16 70 (0.34%) Capita
17 68 (0.33%) Demandware
18 63 (0.30%) HP
19 62 (0.30%) Atlassian
19 62 (0.30%) ServiceNow