Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 15 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 18,036 20,959 23,131
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 11.70% 12.70% 12.63%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.88% 31.41% 32.19%
Number of salaries quoted 15,768 18,687 20,959
England median annual salary £46,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £27,750 £27,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £68,750 £67,500
UK median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 62,442 66,724 71,859
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.50% 40.44% 39.24%
Number of salaries quoted 52,071 55,601 62,928
England median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £78,750 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 6,791 £60,000 +9.09% 1,054
South East +2 4,309 £45,000 +8.43% 642
North of England -2 2,676 £40,000 - 747
Midlands -4 1,682 £40,000 +6.67% 455
North West -3 1,480 £42,500 +6.25% 409
South West 0 1,435 £40,000 - 351
East of England -3 1,112 £42,500 -1.16% 205
Yorkshire -2 1,007 £40,000 - 276
West Midlands -6 929 £40,000 +10.34% 231
East Midlands 0 749 £40,000 +6.67% 223
North East +1 188 £37,500 +7.14% 62
South Coast - 2 - -
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 16,778 (93.03%) HTML
2 15,583 (86.40%) JavaScript
3 8,012 (44.42%) Agile Software Development
4 7,189 (39.86%) C#
5 7,165 (39.73%) .NET
6 6,764 (37.50%) AngularJS
7 5,930 (32.88%) MVC
8 5,733 (31.79%) HTML5
9 5,560 (30.83%) jQuery
10 5,276 (29.25%) SQL
11 4,746 (26.31%) ASP.NET
12 4,353 (24.14%) SQL Server
13 4,221 (23.40%) CSS3
14 4,205 (23.31%) Web Development
15 3,830 (21.24%) Git (software)
16 3,738 (20.73%) Front End Development
17 3,595 (19.93%) React
18 3,370 (18.68%) Java
19 3,299 (18.29%) PHP
20 2,869 (15.91%) ASP.NET MVC
21 2,846 (15.78%) TDD
22 2,773 (15.37%) Finance
23 2,765 (15.33%) User Experience
24 2,681 (14.86%) Scrum
25 2,455 (13.61%) MySQL
26 2,419 (13.41%) Node.js
27 2,367 (13.12%) Microsoft
28 2,338 (12.96%) Web Services
29 2,299 (12.75%) Sass
30 2,238 (12.41%) Software Engineering

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,285 (7.12%) CMS
2 754 (4.18%) WordPress
3 554 (3.07%) Apache
4 548 (3.04%) SharePoint
5 468 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
6 422 (2.34%) IIS
7 379 (2.10%) Umbraco
8 374 (2.07%) Drupal
9 332 (1.84%) Tomcat
10 270 (1.50%) Confluence
11 231 (1.28%) EPiServer
12 229 (1.27%) Sitecore CMS
13 169 (0.94%) nginx
14 162 (0.90%) JBoss
15 143 (0.79%) SharePoint 2013
16 103 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 103 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 95 (0.53%) WebLogic
18 88 (0.49%) Kentico
19 72 (0.40%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 695 (3.85%) Photoshop
2 339 (1.88%) Adobe Illustrator
3 194 (1.08%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 132 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
5 111 (0.62%) InVision
6 83 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
7 66 (0.37%) Chatbot
8 49 (0.27%) InDesign
9 37 (0.21%) Adobe After Effects
10 30 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 29 (0.16%) GIMP
12 26 (0.14%) MS Visio
13 25 (0.14%) Fireworks
14 24 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
15 23 (0.13%) InfoPath
16 18 (0.100%) Acrobat
17 15 (0.083%) Microsoft Project
17 15 (0.083%) UXPin
18 11 (0.061%) RoboHelp
19 10 (0.055%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 290 (1.61%) Magento
2 187 (1.04%) Dynamics CRM
3 55 (0.30%) Eloqua
4 43 (0.24%) Shopify
5 38 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
6 23 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
7 21 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
8 14 (0.078%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 14 (0.078%) WebTrends
9 13 (0.072%) NetSuite
9 13 (0.072%) Remedy ITSM
10 12 (0.067%) OpenCart
11 11 (0.061%) SAP Hybris
12 9 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
12 9 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
13 8 (0.044%) SDL Web 8
14 7 (0.039%) Dynamics NAV
15 6 (0.033%) Actimize
16 5 (0.028%) Odoo
16 5 (0.028%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 2,042 (11.32%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,682 (9.33%) Amazon AWS
3 583 (3.23%) SaaS
4 542 (3.01%) GitHub
5 536 (2.97%) npm
6 190 (1.05%) Serverless
7 188 (1.04%) Office 365
8 155 (0.86%) Google Analytics
9 152 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
10 135 (0.75%) Amazon S3
11 132 (0.73%) PaaS
12 116 (0.64%) Amazon EC2
13 104 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
14 92 (0.51%) Cloud Computing
15 84 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Cloud
16 76 (0.42%) IaaS
17 64 (0.35%) Yarn
18 53 (0.29%) Slack
19 51 (0.28%) Google Play
20 49 (0.27%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 396 (2.20%) HTTP
2 321 (1.78%) Internet
3 131 (0.73%) Intranet
4 104 (0.58%) TCP/IP
5 103 (0.57%) SMS
6 93 (0.52%) SSL
7 70 (0.39%) DNS
8 49 (0.27%) Broadband
9 37 (0.21%) Firewall
10 31 (0.17%) Skype
11 23 (0.13%) Wireless
12 22 (0.12%) Extranet
12 22 (0.12%) SSH
13 18 (0.100%) SNMP
14 17 (0.094%) LAN
15 14 (0.078%) AMQP
15 14 (0.078%) WAN
16 12 (0.067%) VPN
17 11 (0.061%) FTP
17 11 (0.061%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,353 (24.14%) SQL Server
2 2,455 (13.61%) MySQL
3 1,052 (5.83%) MongoDB
4 1,026 (5.69%) NoSQL
5 778 (4.31%) Relational Database
6 514 (2.85%) PostgreSQL
7 345 (1.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 284 (1.57%) SQL Server 2016
9 273 (1.51%) Redis
10 266 (1.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 265 (1.47%) Big Data
12 264 (1.46%) SQL Server 2012
13 256 (1.42%) SQL Server 2008
14 229 (1.27%) Blockchain
15 171 (0.95%) RDBMS
16 170 (0.94%) RavenDB
17 107 (0.59%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 93 (0.52%) SQL Server 2014
19 92 (0.51%) Data Warehouse
20 91 (0.50%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 3,830 (21.24%) Git (software)
2 1,110 (6.15%) Visual Studio
3 1,066 (5.91%) gulp
4 908 (5.03%) webpack
5 901 (5.00%) JIRA
6 897 (4.97%) Team Foundation Server
7 832 (4.61%) Jenkins
8 765 (4.24%) Subversion
9 748 (4.15%) Selenium
10 713 (3.95%) Grunt
11 486 (2.69%) Jasmine
12 445 (2.47%) Maven
13 415 (2.30%) TeamCity
14 403 (2.23%) NUnit
15 389 (2.16%) JUnit
16 368 (2.04%) Mocha
17 335 (1.86%) Protractor
18 328 (1.82%) Karma Test Runner
19 278 (1.54%) Octopus Deploy
20 204 (1.13%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,773 (15.37%) Finance
2 1,209 (6.70%) Marketing
3 976 (5.41%) Retail
4 621 (3.44%) Banking
5 582 (3.23%) Advertising
6 519 (2.88%) Games
7 294 (1.63%) Manufacturing
8 262 (1.45%) Telecoms
9 205 (1.14%) Automotive
10 176 (0.98%) Legal
11 166 (0.92%) Electronics
12 159 (0.88%) Investment Banking
13 140 (0.78%) Publishing
14 136 (0.75%) Financial Institution
15 128 (0.71%) Law
16 94 (0.52%) Back Office
17 74 (0.41%) Multimedia
18 51 (0.28%) Front Office
19 49 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
20 30 (0.17%) Military
Job Titles
1 14,559 (80.72%) Developer
2 3,585 (19.88%) .NET Developer
3 2,882 (15.98%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 2,641 (14.64%) C# Developer
5 2,378 (13.18%) Senior Developer
6 2,002 (11.10%) JavaScript Developer
7 1,777 (9.85%) Web Developer
8 1,768 (9.80%) C# .NET Developer
9 1,657 (9.19%) Software Developer
10 1,523 (8.44%) Full Stack Developer
11 1,467 (8.13%) PHP Developer
12 1,353 (7.50%) Java Developer
13 1,032 (5.72%) ASP.NET Developer
14 960 (5.32%) HTML Developer
15 890 (4.93%) Angular Developer
16 889 (4.93%) Software Engineer
17 887 (4.92%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 797 (4.42%) Junior
19 774 (4.29%) HTML CSS Developer
20 761 (4.22%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16,778 (93.03%) HTML
2 7,165 (39.73%) .NET
3 6,764 (37.50%) AngularJS
4 5,733 (31.79%) HTML5
5 5,560 (30.83%) jQuery
6 4,746 (26.31%) ASP.NET
7 4,221 (23.40%) CSS3
8 3,595 (19.93%) React
9 2,869 (15.91%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,419 (13.41%) Node.js
11 2,338 (12.96%) Web Services
12 2,299 (12.75%) Sass
13 2,112 (11.71%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 1,960 (10.87%) RESTful
15 1,914 (10.61%) .NET Framework
16 1,883 (10.44%) ASP.NET Web API
17 1,833 (10.16%) REST
18 1,674 (9.28%) XML
19 1,471 (8.16%) Ajax
20 1,347 (7.47%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,765 (15.33%) User Experience
2 1,259 (6.98%) Computer Science
3 1,229 (6.81%) Greenfield Project
4 1,018 (5.64%) Mobile App
5 792 (4.39%) Analytical Skills
6 775 (4.30%) Fintech
7 586 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
8 456 (2.53%) Enterprise Software
9 167 (0.93%) Social Media
10 159 (0.88%) N-Tier
11 156 (0.86%) Graphic Design
12 153 (0.85%) Algorithms
13 150 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
14 134 (0.74%) Data Structures
15 132 (0.73%) Management Information System
16 117 (0.65%) W3C
17 110 (0.61%) Hedge funds
18 98 (0.54%) Virtual Team
19 94 (0.52%) Tandem
20 83 (0.46%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,471 (8.16%) Linux
2 845 (4.69%) Windows
3 599 (3.32%) Android
4 537 (2.98%) Apple iOS
5 290 (1.61%) Unix
6 142 (0.79%) Windows Server
7 55 (0.30%) Ubuntu
8 51 (0.28%) Mac OS
9 45 (0.25%) Mac OS X
10 34 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
11 33 (0.18%) CentOS
12 31 (0.17%) Debian
13 28 (0.16%) VMS
14 20 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 16 (0.089%) Windows 10
16 14 (0.078%) Nucleus RTOS
16 14 (0.078%) openSUSE
17 13 (0.072%) Windows Phone
18 12 (0.067%) Windows Server 2008
19 11 (0.061%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,012 (44.42%) Agile Software Development
2 5,930 (32.88%) MVC
3 4,205 (23.31%) Web Development
4 3,738 (20.73%) Front End Development
5 2,846 (15.78%) TDD
6 2,681 (14.86%) Scrum
7 2,238 (12.41%) Software Engineering
8 2,056 (11.40%) OO
9 1,670 (9.26%) Problem-Solving
10 1,540 (8.54%) Unit Testing
11 1,486 (8.24%) Continuous Integration
12 1,481 (8.21%) E-Commerce
13 1,420 (7.87%) Test Automation
14 1,189 (6.59%) BDD
15 1,078 (5.98%) Microservices
16 1,062 (5.89%) OOP
17 1,040 (5.77%) DevOps
18 1,031 (5.72%) Responsive Web Design
19 1,010 (5.60%) SDLC
20 1,007 (5.58%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 15,583 (86.40%) JavaScript
2 7,189 (39.86%) C#
3 5,276 (29.25%) SQL
4 3,370 (18.68%) Java
5 3,299 (18.29%) PHP
6 1,273 (7.06%) Python
7 1,087 (6.03%) T-SQL
8 1,041 (5.77%) TypeScript
9 947 (5.25%) ES6
10 547 (3.03%) C++
11 536 (2.97%) Ruby
12 495 (2.74%) VB.NET
13 426 (2.36%) Java 8
14 275 (1.52%) PowerShell
15 261 (1.45%) C
16 250 (1.39%) PL/SQL
17 228 (1.26%) Scala
18 167 (0.93%) Bash Shell
19 161 (0.89%) Perl
20 148 (0.82%) VB
Qualifications
1 2,166 (12.01%) Degree
2 770 (4.27%) Computer Science Degree
3 138 (0.77%) Security Cleared
4 124 (0.69%) Microsoft Certification
5 71 (0.39%) SC Cleared
6 57 (0.32%) Master's Degree
7 49 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
8 47 (0.26%) SAFe Agilist
9 44 (0.24%) PhD
10 35 (0.19%) DV Cleared
11 33 (0.18%) DBS Check
12 20 (0.11%) MCSD
13 18 (0.100%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 17 (0.094%) HND
14 17 (0.094%) ISTQB
15 15 (0.083%) MCTS
16 14 (0.078%) ISEB
16 14 (0.078%) MCAD
17 13 (0.072%) Cisco Certification
18 11 (0.061%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 664 (3.68%) QA
2 73 (0.40%) SLA
3 67 (0.37%) GDPR
4 59 (0.33%) WCAG
5 32 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 31 (0.17%) Data Quality
7 30 (0.17%) ISO 9001
8 28 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 18 (0.100%) WAI
10 14 (0.078%) Disclosure Scotland
11 8 (0.044%) DICOM
11 8 (0.044%) PMO
12 5 (0.028%) HL7
13 4 (0.022%) ISO 14001
14 3 (0.017%) Cyber Essentials
14 3 (0.017%) JSP 440
15 2 (0.011%) ISO 22301
15 2 (0.011%) PA-DSS
15 2 (0.011%) Solvency II
15 2 (0.011%) Web Application Security Consortium
System Software
1 800 (4.44%) Docker
2 99 (0.55%) Active Directory
3 66 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
4 30 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
5 23 (0.13%) GridGain
6 22 (0.12%) Varnish
7 11 (0.061%) LXC
8 10 (0.055%) HDFS
8 10 (0.055%) Hyper-V
9 8 (0.044%) VirtualBox
10 7 (0.039%) Firmware
11 5 (0.028%) VMware NSX
12 3 (0.017%) KVM
12 3 (0.017%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.017%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.011%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 2 (0.011%) Squid
13 2 (0.011%) Terminal Services
13 2 (0.011%) Virtual Desktop
14 1 (0.006%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 212 (1.18%) Kubernetes
2 153 (0.85%) Ansible
3 138 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
4 107 (0.59%) Puppet
5 92 (0.51%) Terraform
6 39 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
7 35 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
8 22 (0.12%) Kibana
9 21 (0.12%) Salt
10 17 (0.094%) Prometheus
11 15 (0.083%) cPanel
11 15 (0.083%) HAProxy
11 15 (0.083%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 14 (0.078%) logstash
12 14 (0.078%) Nagios
13 13 (0.072%) HP Quality Center
14 11 (0.061%) SCCM
15 10 (0.055%) Graphite
15 10 (0.055%) Microsoft Intune
15 10 (0.055%) SCOM
Vendors
1 2,367 (13.12%) Microsoft
2 845 (4.69%) Oracle
3 706 (3.91%) Adobe
4 675 (3.74%) Google
5 304 (1.69%) Sitecore
6 256 (1.42%) Xamarin
7 234 (1.30%) Zend
8 227 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
9 173 (0.96%) Twitter
10 155 (0.86%) SAP
11 98 (0.54%) Facebook
12 93 (0.52%) Nintex
13 76 (0.42%) IBM
14 74 (0.41%) Tableau
15 73 (0.40%) Marketo
16 70 (0.39%) ServiceNow
17 65 (0.36%) hybris
18 64 (0.35%) Splunk
19 59 (0.33%) Telerik
20 48 (0.27%) VMware