Period
to 19 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 21 15 14
Rank change year-on-year -6 -1 +1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 13,416 19,516 21,525
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.09% 12.11% 13.28%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.42% 29.74% 32.59%
Number of salaries quoted 11,427 17,290 19,128
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £67,500
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 50,771 65,632 66,056
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 38.19% 40.74% 40.74%
Number of salaries quoted 42,004 55,259 56,273
England median annual salary £53,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 4,886 £60,000 +9.09% 314
South East -7 3,088 £45,000 +1.12% 182
North of England -4 2,003 £42,500 +6.25% 234
Midlands -1 1,383 £40,000 - 158
South West -3 1,248 £40,000 - 90
North West -4 1,233 £42,500 +6.25% 149
East of England +2 774 £45,000 - 60
West Midlands -3 742 £40,000 - 74
Yorkshire -14 658 £40,000 - 60
East Midlands 0 633 £39,500 +1.94% 84
North East -4 112 £41,250 +17.86% 25
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 12,438 (92.71%) HTML
2 11,501 (85.73%) JavaScript
3 5,854 (43.63%) Agile Software Development
4 5,324 (39.68%) C#
5 5,127 (38.22%) .NET
6 4,586 (34.18%) AngularJS
7 4,006 (29.86%) MVC
8 3,909 (29.14%) HTML5
9 3,630 (27.06%) SQL
10 3,582 (26.70%) jQuery
11 3,505 (26.13%) ASP.NET
12 3,110 (23.18%) SQL Server
13 2,882 (21.48%) Git (software)
14 2,880 (21.47%) Front End Development
15 2,849 (21.24%) React
16 2,693 (20.07%) PHP
17 2,690 (20.05%) Web Development
18 2,599 (19.37%) CSS3
19 2,142 (15.97%) User Experience
20 2,052 (15.30%) Java
21 2,044 (15.24%) MySQL
22 1,945 (14.50%) TDD
23 1,905 (14.20%) Web Services
24 1,878 (14.00%) Node.js
25 1,867 (13.92%) Scrum
26 1,818 (13.55%) Software Engineering
27 1,809 (13.48%) Microsoft
28 1,788 (13.33%) ASP.NET MVC
29 1,724 (12.85%) Microsoft Azure
30 1,701 (12.68%) Finance

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 729 (5.43%) CMS
2 595 (4.44%) WordPress
3 394 (2.94%) Elasticsearch
4 346 (2.58%) Apache
5 323 (2.41%) SharePoint
6 299 (2.23%) IIS
7 259 (1.93%) Umbraco
8 253 (1.89%) Drupal
9 247 (1.84%) Confluence
10 173 (1.29%) Tomcat
11 134 (1.00%) nginx
12 103 (0.77%) JBoss
13 92 (0.69%) Sitecore CMS
14 72 (0.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 55 (0.41%) Apache Spark
15 55 (0.41%) Joomla!
16 52 (0.39%) Kentico
16 52 (0.39%) WebSphere
17 45 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
17 45 (0.34%) EPiServer
Applications
1 453 (3.38%) Photoshop
2 339 (2.53%) Sketch
3 260 (1.94%) Adobe Illustrator
4 154 (1.15%) InVision
5 123 (0.92%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 121 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
7 102 (0.76%) Adobe XD
8 69 (0.51%) Chatbot
9 62 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
10 52 (0.39%) Zeplin
11 35 (0.26%) Marvel
12 33 (0.25%) Adobe After Effects
13 31 (0.23%) InDesign
14 20 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
14 20 (0.15%) Figma
14 20 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 19 (0.14%) MS Visio
16 17 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
17 15 (0.11%) Fireworks
17 15 (0.11%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 353 (2.63%) Magento
2 123 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
3 73 (0.54%) Payment Gateway
4 51 (0.38%) Shopify
5 28 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
6 20 (0.15%) NetSuite
7 14 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
8 12 (0.089%) SAP Hybris
9 11 (0.082%) WebTrends
10 10 (0.075%) nopCommerce
11 8 (0.060%) SAP Business One
12 6 (0.045%) Remedy ITSM
12 6 (0.045%) SAP CO
12 6 (0.045%) SAP FI
12 6 (0.045%) SAP FI/CO
13 5 (0.037%) Adobe Campaign
13 5 (0.037%) SAP IS-U
14 4 (0.030%) OPENHousing
14 4 (0.030%) SessionCam
15 3 (0.022%) CiviCRM
Cloud Services
1 1,724 (12.85%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,542 (11.49%) Amazon AWS
3 636 (4.74%) SaaS
4 417 (3.11%) GitHub
5 291 (2.17%) npm
6 276 (2.06%) Google Cloud Platform
7 266 (1.98%) Serverless
8 169 (1.26%) AWS Lambda
9 155 (1.16%) PaaS
10 149 (1.11%) Google Analytics
11 141 (1.05%) Amazon S3
12 124 (0.92%) Power Platform
13 117 (0.87%) Office 365
14 108 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 106 (0.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 99 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
17 92 (0.69%) Amazon EC2
18 79 (0.59%) Amazon Kinesis
19 67 (0.50%) Dynamics 365
20 62 (0.46%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 200 (1.49%) Internet
2 181 (1.35%) HTTP
3 86 (0.64%) Intranet
4 51 (0.38%) Broadband
5 44 (0.33%) DNS
6 35 (0.26%) TCP/IP
7 34 (0.25%) SSH
8 31 (0.23%) SSL
9 24 (0.18%) Skype
10 20 (0.15%) SMS
11 19 (0.14%) Firewall
12 17 (0.13%) FTP
13 16 (0.12%) HTTPS
13 16 (0.12%) RIP
14 15 (0.11%) Extranet
14 15 (0.11%) Network Security
15 11 (0.082%) VPN
16 10 (0.075%) SMTP
16 10 (0.075%) Wi-Fi
16 10 (0.075%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,110 (23.18%) SQL Server
2 2,044 (15.24%) MySQL
3 686 (5.11%) NoSQL
4 582 (4.34%) MongoDB
5 571 (4.26%) Relational Database
6 406 (3.03%) PostgreSQL
7 279 (2.08%) Redis
8 260 (1.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 241 (1.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 221 (1.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 221 (1.65%) Big Data
11 164 (1.22%) SQL Server 2008
12 122 (0.91%) SQL Server 2012
13 116 (0.86%) SQL Server 2016
14 105 (0.78%) RDBMS
15 103 (0.77%) Power BI
16 77 (0.57%) Hadoop
17 75 (0.56%) SQL Server 2014
18 67 (0.50%) Data Warehouse
18 67 (0.50%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 2,882 (21.48%) Git (software)
2 727 (5.42%) Visual Studio
3 726 (5.41%) JIRA
4 621 (4.63%) webpack
5 537 (4.00%) Jenkins
6 509 (3.79%) gulp
7 501 (3.73%) Team Foundation Server
8 482 (3.59%) Subversion
9 385 (2.87%) Grunt
10 377 (2.81%) Selenium
11 335 (2.50%) Jasmine
12 287 (2.14%) Maven
13 201 (1.50%) NUnit
14 196 (1.46%) Mocha
15 189 (1.41%) Visual Studio Team System
16 170 (1.27%) TeamCity
17 160 (1.19%) Bitbucket
18 151 (1.13%) JUnit
19 150 (1.12%) Cucumber
20 134 (1.00%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 1,701 (12.68%) Finance
2 996 (7.42%) Marketing
3 704 (5.25%) Retail
4 338 (2.52%) Banking
5 293 (2.18%) Games
6 258 (1.92%) Advertising
7 221 (1.65%) Telecoms
8 208 (1.55%) Manufacturing
9 111 (0.83%) Publishing
10 97 (0.72%) Electronics
11 93 (0.69%) Law
12 84 (0.63%) Automotive
12 84 (0.63%) Legal
13 64 (0.48%) Investment Banking
14 63 (0.47%) Front Office
15 61 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
16 55 (0.41%) Back Office
17 53 (0.40%) Financial Institution
18 29 (0.22%) Billing
19 22 (0.16%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 10,573 (78.81%) Developer
2 2,423 (18.06%) .NET Developer
3 2,112 (15.74%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 1,747 (13.02%) C# Developer
5 1,733 (12.92%) Senior Developer
6 1,266 (9.44%) PHP Developer
7 1,261 (9.40%) C# .NET Developer
8 1,231 (9.18%) Software Developer
9 1,197 (8.92%) Full Stack Developer
10 1,139 (8.49%) Web Developer
11 1,075 (8.01%) JavaScript Developer
12 765 (5.70%) Software Engineer
13 717 (5.34%) Junior
14 716 (5.34%) Java Developer
15 644 (4.80%) React Developer
16 613 (4.57%) Junior Developer
17 594 (4.43%) ASP.NET Developer
18 531 (3.96%) Designer
19 522 (3.89%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 478 (3.56%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12,438 (92.71%) HTML
2 5,127 (38.22%) .NET
3 4,586 (34.18%) AngularJS
4 3,909 (29.14%) HTML5
5 3,582 (26.70%) jQuery
6 3,505 (26.13%) ASP.NET
7 2,849 (21.24%) React
8 2,599 (19.37%) CSS3
9 1,905 (14.20%) Web Services
10 1,878 (14.00%) Node.js
11 1,788 (13.33%) ASP.NET MVC
12 1,688 (12.58%) Sass
13 1,406 (10.48%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 1,396 (10.41%) REST
15 1,326 (9.88%) ASP.NET Web API
16 1,300 (9.69%) RESTful
17 1,298 (9.68%) .NET Framework
18 1,212 (9.03%) XML
19 1,041 (7.76%) Vue.js
20 984 (7.33%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,142 (15.97%) User Experience
2 882 (6.57%) Greenfield Project
3 645 (4.81%) Mobile App
4 543 (4.05%) Analytical Skills
5 405 (3.02%) Enterprise Software
6 340 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
7 195 (1.45%) Algorithms
8 179 (1.33%) Data Structures
9 162 (1.21%) Social Media
10 93 (0.69%) Graphic Design
10 93 (0.69%) Management Information System
11 89 (0.66%) Blog
12 88 (0.66%) N-Tier
13 73 (0.54%) Hedge funds
13 73 (0.54%) Life Science
14 70 (0.52%) Cloud Native
14 70 (0.52%) Tandem
15 63 (0.47%) Linux Command Line
16 61 (0.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 58 (0.43%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 1,076 (8.02%) Linux
2 615 (4.58%) Windows
3 430 (3.21%) Android
4 393 (2.93%) Apple iOS
5 148 (1.10%) Unix
6 134 (1.00%) Windows Server
7 73 (0.54%) Ubuntu
8 70 (0.52%) Debian
9 38 (0.28%) CentOS
10 37 (0.28%) Mac OS
11 22 (0.16%) Windows 10
12 20 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 18 (0.13%) Mac OS X
14 17 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
15 13 (0.097%) AIX
16 12 (0.089%) Windows 7
17 11 (0.082%) openSUSE
18 10 (0.075%) Fedora
18 10 (0.075%) Windows Phone
19 7 (0.052%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,854 (43.63%) Agile Software Development
2 4,006 (29.86%) MVC
3 2,880 (21.47%) Front End Development
4 2,690 (20.05%) Web Development
5 1,945 (14.50%) TDD
6 1,867 (13.92%) Scrum
7 1,818 (13.55%) Software Engineering
8 1,520 (11.33%) OO
9 1,161 (8.65%) Problem-Solving
10 1,153 (8.59%) DevOps
11 1,075 (8.01%) Continuous Integration
12 1,073 (8.00%) Unit Testing
13 1,072 (7.99%) E-Commerce
14 1,041 (7.76%) OOP
15 946 (7.05%) Test Automation
16 940 (7.01%) Microservices
17 927 (6.91%) Computer Science
18 912 (6.80%) Mentoring
19 800 (5.96%) SDLC
20 764 (5.69%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 11,501 (85.73%) JavaScript
2 5,324 (39.68%) C#
3 3,630 (27.06%) SQL
4 2,693 (20.07%) PHP
5 2,052 (15.30%) Java
6 1,026 (7.65%) Python
7 975 (7.27%) ES6
8 924 (6.89%) TypeScript
9 699 (5.21%) T-SQL
10 338 (2.52%) C++
11 328 (2.44%) Ruby
12 314 (2.34%) VB.NET
13 252 (1.88%) Java 8
14 231 (1.72%) C
15 169 (1.26%) PowerShell
16 145 (1.08%) PL/SQL
17 120 (0.89%) Bash Shell
18 117 (0.87%) Scala
19 103 (0.77%) PHP 7
20 98 (0.73%) ES7
Qualifications
1 1,391 (10.37%) Degree
2 444 (3.31%) Computer Science Degree
3 227 (1.69%) Security Cleared
4 152 (1.13%) SC Cleared
5 78 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
6 44 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
7 43 (0.32%) Master's Degree
8 35 (0.26%) DV Cleared
9 32 (0.24%) HND
10 21 (0.16%) PhD
11 19 (0.14%) ISTQB
12 18 (0.13%) MCP
13 15 (0.11%) ISEB
14 14 (0.10%) MCSD
14 14 (0.10%) MCSE
15 12 (0.089%) DBS Check
16 10 (0.075%) Postgraduate
17 7 (0.052%) CIPD
17 7 (0.052%) CISSP
18 6 (0.045%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 552 (4.11%) QA
2 70 (0.52%) WAI
3 52 (0.39%) GDPR
4 30 (0.22%) SLA
5 19 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (0.14%) WCAG
6 11 (0.082%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.075%) MiFID
8 8 (0.060%) Data Quality
9 5 (0.037%) GAMP
9 5 (0.037%) HL7
9 5 (0.037%) PMO
10 4 (0.030%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.015%) Actionable Recommendations
11 2 (0.015%) ISO 14001
12 1 (0.007%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.007%) Dublin Core
12 1 (0.007%) PSD2
System Software
1 883 (6.58%) Docker
2 88 (0.66%) Active Directory
3 38 (0.28%) Varnish
4 31 (0.23%) Firmware
5 18 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.075%) Forefront TMG
6 10 (0.075%) vSphere
7 8 (0.060%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.037%) HDFS
8 5 (0.037%) KVM
9 4 (0.030%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.022%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.022%) vCloud
11 2 (0.015%) GridGain
12 1 (0.007%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.007%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 321 (2.39%) Kubernetes
2 103 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
3 88 (0.66%) Ansible
4 79 (0.59%) Terraform
5 67 (0.50%) Kibana
6 58 (0.43%) logstash
7 47 (0.35%) Puppet
8 18 (0.13%) Grafana
9 11 (0.082%) Data Guard
9 11 (0.082%) HP Quality Center
9 11 (0.082%) Prometheus
9 11 (0.082%) Salt
10 10 (0.075%) SCCM
10 10 (0.075%) Single Sign-On
11 9 (0.067%) Docker Swarm
11 9 (0.067%) Microsoft Intune
11 9 (0.067%) SCOM
11 9 (0.067%) TeamSite
12 8 (0.060%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 8 (0.060%) Plesk
Vendors
1 1,809 (13.48%) Microsoft
2 569 (4.24%) Adobe
3 542 (4.04%) Oracle
4 525 (3.91%) Google
5 214 (1.60%) Zend
6 139 (1.04%) SAP
7 129 (0.96%) Sitecore
8 121 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
9 116 (0.86%) Xamarin
10 102 (0.76%) Splunk
11 93 (0.69%) ServiceNow
12 88 (0.66%) Atlassian
13 63 (0.47%) Nintex
14 56 (0.42%) Tableau
15 53 (0.40%) Facebook
16 52 (0.39%) IBM
17 48 (0.36%) WorldPay
18 47 (0.35%) VMware
19 45 (0.34%) WooCommerce
20 42 (0.31%) Apple