Period
to 13 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 13 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > England
6 months to
13 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 21 15
Rank change year-on-year +1 -6 -1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 6,807 13,560 20,053
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 9.70% 9.96% 12.03%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.27% 26.26% 29.62%
Number of salaries quoted 6,433 12,448 18,806
Median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £46,308 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.97% +2.91% +5.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 28,048 51,643 67,703
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.96% 37.94% 40.61%
Number of salaries quoted 23,465 42,889 56,800
Median annual salary £57,500 £54,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.48% +8.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in England over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 6 months to 13 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 2,404 £65,000 +8.33% 255
South East +3 1,679 £47,500 +5.56% 156
North of England -1 1,121 £45,000 +7.14% 256
North West +5 689 £45,000 +5.88% 144
Midlands -1 637 £45,000 +12.50% 175
South West +1 586 £42,000 +5.00% 106
West Midlands +3 379 £45,000 +12.50% 104
Yorkshire +9 360 £42,000 +5.00% 79
East of England -1 332 £46,158 +2.57% 67
East Midlands +1 256 £42,500 +6.25% 71
North East 0 72 £40,000 -3.03% 33
South Coast - 1 - -
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 13 July 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 6,287 (92.36%) HTML
2 5,724 (84.09%) JavaScript
3 3,059 (44.94%) Agile Software Development
4 2,426 (35.64%) .NET
5 2,414 (35.46%) AngularJS
6 2,333 (34.27%) C#
7 1,966 (28.88%) HTML5
8 1,882 (27.65%) React
9 1,728 (25.39%) SQL
10 1,716 (25.21%) MVC
11 1,587 (23.31%) Git (software)
12 1,581 (23.23%) jQuery
13 1,578 (23.18%) Front End Development
14 1,444 (21.21%) Web Development
15 1,332 (19.57%) PHP
16 1,330 (19.54%) SQL Server
17 1,318 (19.36%) ASP.NET
18 1,289 (18.94%) CSS3
19 1,169 (17.17%) Azure
20 1,162 (17.07%) Node.js
21 1,144 (16.81%) User Experience
22 1,083 (15.91%) TDD
23 1,015 (14.91%) Sass
24 985 (14.47%) Finance
25 982 (14.43%) Scrum
26 940 (13.81%) MySQL
27 900 (13.22%) Software Engineering
28 885 (13.00%) Java
29 874 (12.84%) REST
30 869 (12.77%) Vue.js

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 434 (6.38%) CMS
2 277 (4.07%) WordPress
3 177 (2.60%) Apache
4 126 (1.85%) SharePoint
5 117 (1.72%) Confluence
6 112 (1.65%) IIS
7 92 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
8 78 (1.15%) Umbraco
9 68 (1.00%) Drupal
10 67 (0.98%) nginx
11 48 (0.71%) Tomcat
12 39 (0.57%) EPiServer
13 37 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
14 33 (0.48%) SharePoint 2013
15 24 (0.35%) Moodle
16 23 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 21 (0.31%) ArcGIS
17 21 (0.31%) Joomla!
18 19 (0.28%) Oracle Spatial
19 17 (0.25%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 187 (2.75%) Photoshop
2 130 (1.91%) Sketch
3 97 (1.43%) Adobe Illustrator
4 82 (1.20%) InVision
5 77 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
6 52 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
7 47 (0.69%) Adobe XD
8 38 (0.56%) Zeplin
9 31 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 27 (0.40%) Figma
11 19 (0.28%) InDesign
12 15 (0.22%) UXPin
13 10 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 9 (0.13%) Chatbot
14 9 (0.13%) MadCap Flare
15 7 (0.10%) OmniGraffle
16 6 (0.088%) Marvel
16 6 (0.088%) MS Visio
17 4 (0.059%) Adobe Premiere
17 4 (0.059%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 211 (3.10%) Magento
2 66 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
3 60 (0.88%) Shopify
4 36 (0.53%) Payment Gateway
5 28 (0.41%) Remedy ITSM
6 15 (0.22%) NetSuite
7 13 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
8 10 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
9 9 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
9 9 (0.13%) OpenCart
10 8 (0.12%) Eloqua
10 8 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
11 6 (0.088%) Distributed Ledger
12 4 (0.059%) OpenText MBPM
12 4 (0.059%) StreamServe
13 3 (0.044%) Maximo
13 3 (0.044%) Oracle Applications
13 3 (0.044%) SAP S/4HANA
14 2 (0.029%) Oracle CRM On Demand
14 2 (0.029%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 1,169 (17.17%) Azure
2 784 (11.52%) AWS
3 371 (5.45%) SaaS
4 243 (3.57%) npm
5 198 (2.91%) Serverless
6 165 (2.42%) GCP
7 160 (2.35%) GitHub
8 121 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
9 104 (1.53%) Power Platform
10 87 (1.28%) PaaS
11 66 (0.97%) Google Analytics
12 62 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
13 58 (0.85%) Dynamics 365
14 56 (0.82%) Amazon S3
15 49 (0.72%) Office 365
16 44 (0.65%) Amazon ECS
16 44 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
16 44 (0.65%) Azure Functions
17 37 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
18 36 (0.53%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 124 (1.82%) HTTP
2 112 (1.65%) Internet
3 40 (0.59%) Intranet
3 40 (0.59%) SSL
4 39 (0.57%) Skype
5 32 (0.47%) DNS
5 32 (0.47%) VPN
6 30 (0.44%) Network Security
7 21 (0.31%) TCP/IP
8 18 (0.26%) Wireless
9 15 (0.22%) Firewall
10 12 (0.18%) SSH
11 10 (0.15%) RTP
12 8 (0.12%) Broadband
12 8 (0.12%) MQTT
13 7 (0.10%) Cisco ASA
13 7 (0.10%) WAN
14 6 (0.088%) Extranet
15 5 (0.073%) RFID
15 5 (0.073%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,330 (19.54%) SQL Server
2 940 (13.81%) MySQL
3 347 (5.10%) NoSQL
4 313 (4.60%) Relational Database
5 277 (4.07%) MongoDB
6 233 (3.42%) PostgreSQL
7 136 (2.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 120 (1.76%) Redis
9 102 (1.50%) Big Data
10 95 (1.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 86 (1.26%) Power BI
12 84 (1.23%) SQL Server 2012
13 67 (0.98%) SQL Server 2008
14 64 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 63 (0.93%) RDBMS
16 52 (0.76%) SQL Server 2016
17 50 (0.73%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 47 (0.69%) Azure SQL Database
19 45 (0.66%) Cosmos DB
20 40 (0.59%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,587 (23.31%) Git (software)
2 472 (6.93%) webpack
3 359 (5.27%) Visual Studio
4 345 (5.07%) JIRA
5 305 (4.48%) Jenkins
6 300 (4.41%) gulp
7 243 (3.57%) Selenium
8 208 (3.06%) Grunt
9 170 (2.50%) Team Foundation Server
10 166 (2.44%) Jasmine
11 160 (2.35%) Subversion
12 153 (2.25%) NUnit
13 115 (1.69%) Bitbucket
14 108 (1.59%) Cypress.io
15 100 (1.47%) TeamCity
16 89 (1.31%) Mocha
17 85 (1.25%) Maven
18 79 (1.16%) Babel
19 72 (1.06%) Karma Test Runner
20 69 (1.01%) JUnit
General
1 985 (14.47%) Finance
2 452 (6.64%) Marketing
3 353 (5.19%) Retail
4 144 (2.12%) Games
5 122 (1.79%) Banking
6 92 (1.35%) Law
7 85 (1.25%) Public Sector
8 82 (1.20%) Manufacturing
9 61 (0.90%) Legal
10 60 (0.88%) Financial Institution
11 59 (0.87%) Telecoms
12 57 (0.84%) Publishing
13 52 (0.76%) Advertising
14 47 (0.69%) Back Office
15 46 (0.68%) Front Office
16 34 (0.50%) Automotive
16 34 (0.50%) Electronics
17 33 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
18 31 (0.46%) Investment Banking
19 22 (0.32%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 5,339 (78.43%) Developer
2 1,282 (18.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1,006 (14.78%) Senior Developer
4 960 (14.10%) .NET Developer
5 687 (10.09%) Full Stack Developer
6 656 (9.64%) PHP Developer
7 643 (9.45%) C# Developer
8 592 (8.70%) Software Developer
9 559 (8.21%) Web Developer
10 549 (8.07%) JavaScript Developer
11 516 (7.58%) React Developer
12 428 (6.29%) Software Engineer
13 402 (5.91%) C# .NET Developer
14 316 (4.64%) Angular Developer
15 286 (4.20%) Java Developer
16 266 (3.91%) Junior
16 266 (3.91%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 234 (3.44%) Lead Developer
18 223 (3.28%) Junior Developer
19 192 (2.82%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,287 (92.36%) HTML
2 2,426 (35.64%) .NET
3 2,414 (35.46%) AngularJS
4 1,966 (28.88%) HTML5
5 1,882 (27.65%) React
6 1,581 (23.23%) jQuery
7 1,318 (19.36%) ASP.NET
8 1,289 (18.94%) CSS3
9 1,162 (17.07%) Node.js
10 1,015 (14.91%) Sass
11 874 (12.84%) REST
12 869 (12.77%) Vue.js
13 857 (12.59%) Web Services
14 761 (11.18%) .NET Framework
15 759 (11.15%) .NET Core
16 660 (9.70%) RESTful
17 652 (9.58%) ASP.NET MVC
18 641 (9.42%) ASP.NET Web API
19 538 (7.90%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 537 (7.89%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 1,144 (16.81%) User Experience
2 489 (7.18%) Greenfield Project
3 371 (5.45%) Mobile App
4 345 (5.07%) Analytical Skills
5 203 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
6 137 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
7 73 (1.07%) Hedge funds
8 64 (0.94%) Cloud Native
9 61 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
10 59 (0.87%) Data Structures
11 55 (0.81%) Algorithms
12 44 (0.65%) N-Tier
12 44 (0.65%) Public Cloud
13 38 (0.56%) Blog
14 37 (0.54%) W3C
15 33 (0.48%) e-Learning
15 33 (0.48%) NHS
16 32 (0.47%) Management Information System
17 30 (0.44%) Marketing Technology
17 30 (0.44%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 563 (8.27%) Linux
2 284 (4.17%) Windows
3 211 (3.10%) Android
4 203 (2.98%) Apple iOS
5 84 (1.23%) Unix
6 44 (0.65%) Windows Server
7 27 (0.40%) Ubuntu
8 26 (0.38%) Mac OS X
9 22 (0.32%) CentOS
10 13 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
10 13 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.12%) Debian
11 8 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
12 7 (0.10%) Windows 10
13 6 (0.088%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.059%) Fedora
14 4 (0.059%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.044%) tvOS
15 3 (0.044%) VMS
15 3 (0.044%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,059 (44.94%) Agile Software Development
2 1,716 (25.21%) MVC
3 1,578 (23.18%) Front End Development
4 1,444 (21.21%) Web Development
5 1,083 (15.91%) TDD
6 982 (14.43%) Scrum
7 900 (13.22%) Software Engineering
8 838 (12.31%) DevOps
9 685 (10.06%) OO
10 627 (9.21%) Microservices
10 627 (9.21%) Test Automation
11 619 (9.09%) Problem-Solving
12 564 (8.29%) E-Commerce
13 543 (7.98%) OOP
14 508 (7.46%) Continuous Integration
15 504 (7.40%) Unit Testing
16 468 (6.88%) Computer Science
17 421 (6.18%) BDD
17 421 (6.18%) Fintech
18 405 (5.95%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 5,724 (84.09%) JavaScript
2 2,333 (34.27%) C#
3 1,728 (25.39%) SQL
4 1,332 (19.57%) PHP
5 885 (13.00%) Java
6 856 (12.58%) TypeScript
7 572 (8.40%) Python
8 497 (7.30%) ES6
9 306 (4.50%) T-SQL
10 190 (2.79%) Ruby
11 167 (2.45%) C++
12 149 (2.19%) VB.NET
13 98 (1.44%) Java 8
14 94 (1.38%) C
15 82 (1.20%) PHP 7
16 80 (1.18%) PowerShell
17 63 (0.93%) PL/SQL
18 62 (0.91%) Go
19 58 (0.85%) Scala
20 57 (0.84%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 725 (10.65%) Degree
2 288 (4.23%) Computer Science Degree
3 112 (1.65%) Security Cleared
4 82 (1.20%) SC Cleared
5 44 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
6 17 (0.25%) DBS Check
7 15 (0.22%) AWS Certification
8 14 (0.21%) DV Cleared
9 12 (0.18%) Master's Degree
10 10 (0.15%) Analytics IQ
11 7 (0.10%) PhD
12 6 (0.088%) CCNP
12 6 (0.088%) Cisco Certification
13 5 (0.073%) Numerate Degree
14 4 (0.059%) HND
14 4 (0.059%) Postgraduate
15 3 (0.044%) CCNA
15 3 (0.044%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 3 (0.044%) MBCS
15 3 (0.044%) MCPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 359 (5.27%) QA
2 41 (0.60%) GDPR
3 24 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 22 (0.32%) WCAG
5 21 (0.31%) Data Quality
6 8 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.088%) ISO 9001
8 5 (0.073%) SLA
9 3 (0.044%) PMO
10 1 (0.015%) ISO 9000
10 1 (0.015%) MiFID
10 1 (0.015%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.015%) SEPA
10 1 (0.015%) WAI
System Software
1 665 (9.77%) Docker
2 33 (0.48%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.13%) Squid
4 8 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.12%) vSphere
5 4 (0.059%) Firmware
5 4 (0.059%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.044%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.044%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 3 (0.044%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.029%) LXC
7 2 (0.029%) Varnish
8 1 (0.015%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 312 (4.58%) Kubernetes
2 84 (1.23%) Terraform
3 38 (0.56%) Ansible
4 24 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
5 21 (0.31%) Kibana
6 18 (0.26%) Opscode Chef
7 17 (0.25%) HP UCMDB
8 15 (0.22%) cPanel
8 15 (0.22%) logstash
9 10 (0.15%) Puppet
10 6 (0.088%) Grafana
10 6 (0.088%) Packer
11 5 (0.073%) CA Single Sign-On
11 5 (0.073%) TeamSite
12 4 (0.059%) Mesos
13 3 (0.044%) FortiGate
13 3 (0.044%) Plesk
14 2 (0.029%) MIIS
14 2 (0.029%) Nagios
14 2 (0.029%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 759 (11.15%) Microsoft
2 252 (3.70%) Google
3 224 (3.29%) Adobe
4 206 (3.03%) Oracle
5 174 (2.56%) Zend
6 114 (1.67%) Xamarin
7 98 (1.44%) Salesforce.com
8 82 (1.20%) ServiceNow
9 59 (0.87%) Atlassian
10 52 (0.76%) SAP
11 47 (0.69%) Sitecore
12 33 (0.48%) Remedy
13 30 (0.44%) IBM
14 26 (0.38%) hybris
14 26 (0.38%) Tableau
15 24 (0.35%) TIBCO
15 24 (0.35%) VMware
16 22 (0.32%) Pardot
17 19 (0.28%) ESRI
17 19 (0.28%) Twitter