Period
to 22 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 22 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 16 14 14
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 15,301 20,411 21,034
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.89% 12.39% 12.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.49% 30.45% 32.12%
Number of salaries quoted 12,856 18,289 18,929
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £28,750 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £76,250 £70,000 £67,500
UK median annual salary £46,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 55,667 67,036 65,480
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.62% 40.68% 39.52%
Number of salaries quoted 45,997 57,035 56,793
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.15%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 6 months to 22 February 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 6 months to 22 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 5,675 £60,000 +9.09% 1,144
South East -3 3,392 £45,000 +5.88% 709
North of England -1 2,302 £42,500 +6.25% 907
Midlands -5 1,467 £39,500 +11.27% 594
South West +1 1,370 £40,000 - 307
North West +2 1,332 £45,000 +12.50% 498
East of England +2 1,112 £45,139 +3.77% 269
West Midlands -5 803 £39,674 +13.35% 301
Yorkshire -3 797 £40,000 - 346
East Midlands -3 664 £38,500 +4.05% 293
North East -1 172 £37,500 +10.29% 63
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 22 February 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 14,257 (93.18%) HTML
2 13,191 (86.21%) JavaScript
3 6,901 (45.10%) Agile Software Development
4 6,301 (41.18%) C#
5 6,185 (40.42%) .NET
6 5,657 (36.97%) AngularJS
7 4,952 (32.36%) MVC
8 4,747 (31.02%) HTML5
9 4,366 (28.53%) jQuery
10 4,273 (27.93%) ASP.NET
11 4,152 (27.14%) SQL
12 3,940 (25.75%) SQL Server
13 3,298 (21.55%) CSS3
14 3,265 (21.34%) Web Development
15 3,203 (20.93%) Front End Development
16 3,130 (20.46%) Git (software)
17 3,064 (20.02%) React
18 2,776 (18.14%) PHP
19 2,493 (16.29%) Java
20 2,376 (15.53%) ASP.NET MVC
21 2,311 (15.10%) User Experience
22 2,285 (14.93%) TDD
23 2,197 (14.36%) Microsoft
24 2,190 (14.31%) Web Services
25 2,186 (14.29%) Scrum
26 2,179 (14.24%) Finance
27 2,145 (14.02%) MySQL
28 2,124 (13.88%) Software Engineering
29 2,089 (13.65%) Node.js
30 2,008 (13.12%) Microsoft Azure

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 956 (6.25%) CMS
2 584 (3.82%) WordPress
3 522 (3.41%) Elasticsearch
4 484 (3.16%) Apache
5 381 (2.49%) IIS
6 362 (2.37%) SharePoint
7 299 (1.95%) Umbraco
8 288 (1.88%) Tomcat
9 276 (1.80%) Drupal
10 261 (1.71%) Confluence
11 165 (1.08%) nginx
12 131 (0.86%) JBoss
13 129 (0.84%) Sitecore CMS
14 105 (0.69%) EPiServer
15 85 (0.56%) WebSphere
16 76 (0.50%) Apache Spark
17 74 (0.48%) Kentico
18 64 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 59 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 50 (0.33%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 559 (3.65%) Photoshop
2 331 (2.16%) Adobe Illustrator
3 182 (1.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 149 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
5 140 (0.91%) Chatbot
5 140 (0.91%) InVision
6 92 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
7 53 (0.35%) Adobe After Effects
8 34 (0.22%) InDesign
9 24 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
10 23 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
11 22 (0.14%) AutoCAD
12 20 (0.13%) MS Visio
13 19 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 16 (0.10%) Fireworks
15 13 (0.085%) InfoPath
15 13 (0.085%) Weka
16 12 (0.078%) GIMP
17 11 (0.072%) Flinto
18 9 (0.059%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 295 (1.93%) Magento
2 135 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
3 58 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
4 46 (0.30%) Shopify
5 33 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
6 23 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 21 (0.14%) Actimize
8 20 (0.13%) Eloqua
9 12 (0.078%) SAP Business One
10 10 (0.065%) osCommerce
11 9 (0.059%) NetSuite
11 9 (0.059%) Odoo
11 9 (0.059%) WebTrends
12 7 (0.046%) SAP CO
12 7 (0.046%) SAP FI
12 7 (0.046%) SAP FI/CO
12 7 (0.046%) SAP IS-U
13 5 (0.033%) Oracle BPM
13 5 (0.033%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
14 4 (0.026%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 2,008 (13.12%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,545 (10.10%) Amazon AWS
3 557 (3.64%) SaaS
4 484 (3.16%) GitHub
5 335 (2.19%) npm
6 194 (1.27%) Google Cloud Platform
7 172 (1.12%) Serverless
8 142 (0.93%) Google Analytics
9 137 (0.90%) Office 365
10 124 (0.81%) PaaS
11 116 (0.76%) Amazon S3
12 91 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
13 90 (0.59%) AWS Lambda
14 68 (0.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 66 (0.43%) Google Play
16 64 (0.42%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 53 (0.35%) IaaS
18 48 (0.31%) Amazon Kinesis
19 47 (0.31%) Cloud Computing
20 44 (0.29%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 256 (1.67%) HTTP
2 233 (1.52%) Internet
3 129 (0.84%) Intranet
4 57 (0.37%) TCP/IP
5 53 (0.35%) DNS
6 52 (0.34%) SSL
7 39 (0.25%) SSH
8 30 (0.20%) Extranet
9 29 (0.19%) Network Security
10 26 (0.17%) Firewall
10 26 (0.17%) RIP
10 26 (0.17%) Skype
11 25 (0.16%) HTTPS
12 24 (0.16%) FTP
12 24 (0.16%) SMS
13 16 (0.10%) Broadband
14 15 (0.098%) VoIP
15 14 (0.091%) Wi-Fi
16 10 (0.065%) Bluetooth
16 10 (0.065%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,940 (25.75%) SQL Server
2 2,145 (14.02%) MySQL
3 864 (5.65%) NoSQL
4 830 (5.42%) MongoDB
5 656 (4.29%) Relational Database
6 601 (3.93%) PostgreSQL
7 289 (1.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 278 (1.82%) Redis
8 278 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 239 (1.56%) Big Data
10 237 (1.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 213 (1.39%) SQL Server 2016
12 180 (1.18%) SQL Server 2008
13 176 (1.15%) SQL Server 2012
14 148 (0.97%) RDBMS
15 124 (0.81%) RavenDB
16 108 (0.71%) Power BI
17 103 (0.67%) SQL Server 2014
18 102 (0.67%) Oracle Database
19 95 (0.62%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 3,130 (20.46%) Git (software)
2 873 (5.71%) Visual Studio
3 711 (4.65%) JIRA
4 679 (4.44%) webpack
5 669 (4.37%) Jenkins
6 650 (4.25%) gulp
6 650 (4.25%) Team Foundation Server
7 592 (3.87%) Subversion
8 486 (3.18%) Selenium
9 445 (2.91%) Grunt
10 362 (2.37%) Maven
11 312 (2.04%) Jasmine
12 308 (2.01%) NUnit
13 232 (1.52%) JUnit
14 211 (1.38%) TeamCity
15 187 (1.22%) Bitbucket
16 184 (1.20%) Mocha
17 183 (1.20%) Visual Studio Team System
18 162 (1.06%) Cucumber
19 161 (1.05%) Axure RP
General
1 2,179 (14.24%) Finance
2 1,047 (6.84%) Marketing
3 760 (4.97%) Retail
4 521 (3.41%) Banking
5 349 (2.28%) Advertising
6 342 (2.24%) Games
7 254 (1.66%) Manufacturing
8 247 (1.61%) Telecoms
9 138 (0.90%) Electronics
10 135 (0.88%) Automotive
11 133 (0.87%) Publishing
12 121 (0.79%) Investment Banking
13 105 (0.69%) Back Office
14 102 (0.67%) Legal
15 89 (0.58%) Front Office
16 86 (0.56%) Law
17 49 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
18 40 (0.26%) Financial Institution
19 31 (0.20%) Aerospace
19 31 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 12,015 (78.52%) Developer
2 2,997 (19.59%) .NET Developer
3 2,391 (15.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 2,109 (13.78%) C# Developer
5 2,017 (13.18%) Senior Developer
6 1,503 (9.82%) C# .NET Developer
7 1,502 (9.82%) Web Developer
8 1,369 (8.95%) Full Stack Developer
9 1,351 (8.83%) JavaScript Developer
10 1,319 (8.62%) Software Developer
11 1,300 (8.50%) PHP Developer
12 919 (6.01%) Software Engineer
13 876 (5.73%) Java Developer
14 794 (5.19%) ASP.NET Developer
15 739 (4.83%) Junior
16 675 (4.41%) C# ASP.NET Developer
17 637 (4.16%) Junior Developer
18 620 (4.05%) Lead Developer
19 604 (3.95%) React Developer
20 564 (3.69%) HTML Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14,257 (93.18%) HTML
2 6,185 (40.42%) .NET
3 5,657 (36.97%) AngularJS
4 4,747 (31.02%) HTML5
5 4,366 (28.53%) jQuery
6 4,273 (27.93%) ASP.NET
7 3,298 (21.55%) CSS3
8 3,064 (20.02%) React
9 2,376 (15.53%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,190 (14.31%) Web Services
11 2,089 (13.65%) Node.js
12 1,821 (11.90%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 1,785 (11.67%) Sass
14 1,719 (11.23%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,612 (10.54%) RESTful
16 1,555 (10.16%) .NET Framework
17 1,439 (9.40%) XML
18 1,422 (9.29%) REST
19 1,249 (8.16%) Vue.js
20 1,182 (7.72%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,311 (15.10%) User Experience
2 1,033 (6.75%) Greenfield Project
3 748 (4.89%) Mobile App
4 676 (4.42%) Fintech
5 661 (4.32%) Analytical Skills
6 475 (3.10%) Self-Motivation
7 462 (3.02%) Enterprise Software
8 166 (1.08%) Algorithms
8 166 (1.08%) Social Media
9 134 (0.88%) Data Structures
10 116 (0.76%) N-Tier
11 114 (0.75%) Graphic Design
12 104 (0.68%) Blog
13 92 (0.60%) Tandem
14 87 (0.57%) Management Information System
15 84 (0.55%) Linux Command Line
16 83 (0.54%) Hedge funds
17 80 (0.52%) Virtual Team
18 69 (0.45%) Cloud Native
19 68 (0.44%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 1,206 (7.88%) Linux
2 860 (5.62%) Windows
3 574 (3.75%) Android
4 490 (3.20%) Apple iOS
5 201 (1.31%) Unix
6 130 (0.85%) Windows Server
7 93 (0.61%) Ubuntu
8 49 (0.32%) CentOS
9 37 (0.24%) Debian
10 36 (0.24%) Windows 10
11 35 (0.23%) Mac OS
12 24 (0.16%) Windows Phone
13 23 (0.15%) openSUSE
14 21 (0.14%) Mac OS X
14 21 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
15 20 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 16 (0.10%) Windows Phone 8
17 12 (0.078%) Solaris
18 8 (0.052%) Windows 7
19 7 (0.046%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,901 (45.10%) Agile Software Development
2 4,952 (32.36%) MVC
3 3,265 (21.34%) Web Development
4 3,203 (20.93%) Front End Development
5 2,285 (14.93%) TDD
6 2,186 (14.29%) Scrum
7 2,124 (13.88%) Software Engineering
8 1,631 (10.66%) OO
9 1,320 (8.63%) Problem-Solving
10 1,297 (8.48%) E-Commerce
11 1,257 (8.22%) Continuous Integration
12 1,136 (7.42%) Test Automation
13 1,086 (7.10%) Unit Testing
14 1,056 (6.90%) Microservices
15 1,018 (6.65%) Mentoring
15 1,018 (6.65%) OOP
16 959 (6.27%) SDLC
17 957 (6.25%) Computer Science
18 955 (6.24%) DevOps
19 912 (5.96%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 13,191 (86.21%) JavaScript
2 6,301 (41.18%) C#
3 4,152 (27.14%) SQL
4 2,776 (18.14%) PHP
5 2,493 (16.29%) Java
6 1,176 (7.69%) Python
7 984 (6.43%) ES6
8 939 (6.14%) TypeScript
9 853 (5.57%) T-SQL
10 478 (3.12%) C++
11 407 (2.66%) Ruby
12 405 (2.65%) VB.NET
13 261 (1.71%) Java 8
14 258 (1.69%) C
15 249 (1.63%) PL/SQL
16 160 (1.05%) PowerShell
17 125 (0.82%) Bash Shell
18 121 (0.79%) VB
19 116 (0.76%) PHP 7
20 115 (0.75%) Scala
Qualifications
1 1,600 (10.46%) Degree
2 562 (3.67%) Computer Science Degree
3 242 (1.58%) Security Cleared
4 172 (1.12%) SC Cleared
5 65 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
6 52 (0.34%) Master's Degree
7 48 (0.31%) PhD
8 32 (0.21%) HND
9 27 (0.18%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
11 19 (0.12%) ISTQB
12 18 (0.12%) DBS Check
13 14 (0.091%) ISEB
14 11 (0.072%) Postgraduate
15 10 (0.065%) MCSD
16 9 (0.059%) AWS Certification
16 9 (0.059%) SAFe Agilist
17 8 (0.052%) TOGAF Certification
18 6 (0.039%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
19 5 (0.033%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 671 (4.39%) QA
2 91 (0.59%) GDPR
3 57 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 39 (0.25%) ISO 9001
5 31 (0.20%) WCAG
6 27 (0.18%) WAI
7 24 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 23 (0.15%) SLA
9 19 (0.12%) Data Quality
10 13 (0.085%) ISO 14001
11 11 (0.072%) GAMP
12 10 (0.065%) MiFID
13 8 (0.052%) PMO
14 6 (0.039%) Disclosure Scotland
14 6 (0.039%) HL7
15 4 (0.026%) JSP 440
16 3 (0.020%) Actionable Recommendations
17 1 (0.007%) DICOM
17 1 (0.007%) HIPAA
17 1 (0.007%) SEPA
System Software
1 811 (5.30%) Docker
2 97 (0.63%) Active Directory
3 39 (0.25%) Firmware
4 28 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
5 27 (0.18%) Varnish
6 20 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
7 18 (0.12%) HDFS
8 17 (0.11%) vSphere
9 14 (0.091%) Hyper-V
10 9 (0.059%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.026%) Apache Flume
11 4 (0.026%) iptables
11 4 (0.026%) KVM
11 4 (0.026%) LXC
11 4 (0.026%) Samba
11 4 (0.026%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.020%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.020%) GridGain
13 1 (0.007%) VMware Workstation
13 1 (0.007%) Xen
Systems Management
1 258 (1.69%) Kubernetes
2 118 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
3 84 (0.55%) Ansible
4 79 (0.52%) Puppet
5 69 (0.45%) Terraform
6 60 (0.39%) Kibana
7 43 (0.28%) logstash
8 24 (0.16%) Salt
9 17 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
10 16 (0.10%) Control-M
11 13 (0.085%) Microsoft Intune
11 13 (0.085%) Single Sign-On
12 11 (0.072%) HAProxy
12 11 (0.072%) SCOM
13 10 (0.065%) Consul
14 9 (0.059%) Capistrano
14 9 (0.059%) Grafana
14 9 (0.059%) Mesos
15 8 (0.052%) Business Desktop Deployment
15 8 (0.052%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 2,197 (14.36%) Microsoft
2 750 (4.90%) Oracle
3 594 (3.88%) Adobe
4 521 (3.41%) Google
5 229 (1.50%) Zend
6 186 (1.22%) SAP
6 186 (1.22%) Sitecore
7 170 (1.11%) Xamarin
8 144 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
9 98 (0.64%) IBM
10 87 (0.57%) Facebook
11 83 (0.54%) Tableau
12 82 (0.54%) ServiceNow
13 74 (0.48%) Splunk
14 70 (0.46%) Nintex
15 65 (0.42%) VMware
16 61 (0.40%) Atlassian
17 49 (0.32%) WooCommerce
18 47 (0.31%) Telerik
19 45 (0.29%) Apple