Period
to 25 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 25 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 14 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 20,255 21,155 23,836
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 12.23% 13.20% 12.38%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.75% 32.67% 31.89%
Number of salaries quoted 18,108 18,919 21,630
England median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
UK median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 68,093 64,758 74,735
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.12% 40.40% 38.82%
Number of salaries quoted 57,772 55,835 65,071
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £29,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 6 months to 25 April 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 6 months to 25 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 6,861 £55,000 +4.76% 1,142
South East +1 4,990 £42,500 +6.25% 694
North of England -1 3,414 £40,000 +6.67% 751
Midlands -3 2,137 £37,500 - 535
North West -1 1,862 £40,000 +6.67% 422
South West -1 1,536 £40,000 +6.67% 311
Yorkshire 0 1,313 £40,000 - 282
East of England -3 1,304 £45,000 +11.11% 246
West Midlands -3 1,173 £37,500 - 276
East Midlands -2 969 £37,500 +3.45% 257
North East -3 241 £32,500 -7.14% 47
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 25 April 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 19,007 (93.84%) HTML
2 17,347 (85.64%) JavaScript
3 8,649 (42.70%) Agile Software Development
4 8,106 (40.02%) C#
5 7,981 (39.40%) .NET
6 7,090 (35.00%) AngularJS
7 7,009 (34.60%) jQuery
8 6,964 (34.38%) MVC
9 6,841 (33.77%) HTML5
10 6,104 (30.14%) SQL
11 5,547 (27.39%) ASP.NET
12 5,224 (25.79%) Web Development
13 4,941 (24.39%) SQL Server
14 4,900 (24.19%) CSS3
15 4,336 (21.41%) Front End Development
16 4,230 (20.88%) PHP
17 3,936 (19.43%) Git (software)
18 3,800 (18.76%) Java
19 3,707 (18.30%) React
20 3,335 (16.47%) TDD
21 3,206 (15.83%) ASP.NET MVC
22 3,114 (15.37%) MySQL
23 3,057 (15.09%) Scrum
24 3,048 (15.05%) Node.js
25 2,903 (14.33%) Finance
26 2,885 (14.24%) User Experience
27 2,645 (13.06%) Microsoft
28 2,585 (12.76%) Web Services
29 2,489 (12.29%) OO
30 2,409 (11.89%) Twitter Bootstrap

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,391 (6.87%) CMS
2 882 (4.35%) WordPress
3 726 (3.58%) Apache
4 695 (3.43%) SharePoint
5 455 (2.25%) Drupal
6 433 (2.14%) Umbraco
7 419 (2.07%) IIS
8 359 (1.77%) Tomcat
9 341 (1.68%) Elasticsearch
10 244 (1.20%) Confluence
11 219 (1.08%) nginx
12 215 (1.06%) SharePoint 2013
13 193 (0.95%) JBoss
14 185 (0.91%) Sitecore CMS
15 157 (0.78%) EPiServer
16 142 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
17 111 (0.55%) WebSphere
18 107 (0.53%) Apache Spark
19 97 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 88 (0.43%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 771 (3.81%) Photoshop
2 393 (1.94%) Adobe Illustrator
3 242 (1.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 138 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
5 131 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
6 125 (0.62%) InVision
7 84 (0.41%) Chatbot
8 76 (0.38%) InDesign
9 75 (0.37%) InfoPath
10 37 (0.18%) OmniGraffle
11 36 (0.18%) GIMP
11 36 (0.18%) UXPin
12 33 (0.16%) MS Visio
13 27 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 25 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
15 22 (0.11%) Fireworks
16 17 (0.084%) Acrobat
16 17 (0.084%) Adobe Premiere
17 9 (0.044%) Microsoft Project
18 8 (0.039%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 411 (2.03%) Magento
2 162 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
3 79 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
4 49 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
5 41 (0.20%) Eloqua
6 34 (0.17%) Shopify
7 26 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
7 26 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
8 24 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 22 (0.11%) WebTrends
10 15 (0.074%) Dynamics NAV
10 15 (0.074%) NetSuite
11 9 (0.044%) SAP ERP
12 7 (0.035%) CiviCRM
13 6 (0.030%) Dynamics AX
13 6 (0.030%) Movex
13 6 (0.030%) Unit4 Business World
14 5 (0.025%) OpenCart
15 4 (0.020%) Oracle EBS
15 4 (0.020%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 1,928 (9.52%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,567 (7.74%) Amazon AWS
3 683 (3.37%) SaaS
4 599 (2.96%) GitHub
5 537 (2.65%) npm
6 278 (1.37%) Office 365
7 223 (1.10%) PaaS
8 186 (0.92%) Google Analytics
9 158 (0.78%) IaaS
10 152 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
11 123 (0.61%) Serverless
12 117 (0.58%) Google Cloud Platform
13 112 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Cloud
14 110 (0.54%) Amazon S3
15 106 (0.52%) Amazon EC2
16 95 (0.47%) Slack
17 77 (0.38%) Yarn
18 63 (0.31%) AWS Lambda
19 54 (0.27%) Heroku
20 52 (0.26%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 519 (2.56%) HTTP
2 398 (1.96%) Internet
3 145 (0.72%) SMS
4 139 (0.69%) Intranet
5 115 (0.57%) TCP/IP
6 101 (0.50%) DNS
7 95 (0.47%) SSL
8 66 (0.33%) Broadband
9 52 (0.26%) SSH
10 50 (0.25%) VPN
11 45 (0.22%) Firewall
12 33 (0.16%) FTP
13 30 (0.15%) AMQP
14 25 (0.12%) DHCP
15 24 (0.12%) Wireless
16 23 (0.11%) Extranet
17 22 (0.11%) Network Security
18 21 (0.10%) Skype
19 20 (0.099%) SMTP
20 19 (0.094%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,941 (24.39%) SQL Server
2 3,114 (15.37%) MySQL
3 1,087 (5.37%) MongoDB
4 1,021 (5.04%) NoSQL
5 744 (3.67%) Relational Database
6 596 (2.94%) PostgreSQL
7 376 (1.86%) SQL Server 2016
8 323 (1.59%) Redis
9 307 (1.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 294 (1.45%) Big Data
11 274 (1.35%) SQL Server 2008
12 251 (1.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 230 (1.14%) RavenDB
14 220 (1.09%) Blockchain
15 215 (1.06%) SQL Server 2012
16 156 (0.77%) SQL Server 2014
17 135 (0.67%) RDBMS
18 117 (0.58%) Data Warehouse
19 116 (0.57%) Hadoop
20 106 (0.52%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3,936 (19.43%) Git (software)
2 1,266 (6.25%) Visual Studio
3 1,106 (5.46%) gulp
4 975 (4.81%) Subversion
5 926 (4.57%) webpack
6 819 (4.04%) Grunt
7 812 (4.01%) Team Foundation Server
8 798 (3.94%) Selenium
9 783 (3.87%) JIRA
10 775 (3.83%) Jenkins
11 536 (2.65%) NUnit
12 521 (2.57%) Jasmine
13 453 (2.24%) Maven
14 394 (1.95%) JUnit
15 350 (1.73%) TeamCity
16 345 (1.70%) Mocha
17 309 (1.53%) Karma Test Runner
18 259 (1.28%) Protractor
19 252 (1.24%) Bitbucket
20 225 (1.11%) Cucumber
General
1 2,903 (14.33%) Finance
2 1,374 (6.78%) Marketing
3 1,109 (5.48%) Retail
4 815 (4.02%) Advertising
5 613 (3.03%) Banking
6 532 (2.63%) Games
7 355 (1.75%) Telecoms
8 249 (1.23%) Manufacturing
9 241 (1.19%) Legal
10 175 (0.86%) Automotive
11 147 (0.73%) Electronics
12 144 (0.71%) Law
13 128 (0.63%) Publishing
14 122 (0.60%) Back Office
15 92 (0.45%) Investment Banking
16 74 (0.37%) Financial Institution
16 74 (0.37%) Multimedia
17 70 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
18 38 (0.19%) Music Industry
19 36 (0.18%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 16,709 (82.49%) Developer
2 4,291 (21.18%) .NET Developer
3 3,311 (16.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 2,996 (14.79%) C# Developer
5 2,868 (14.16%) Senior Developer
6 2,330 (11.50%) JavaScript Developer
7 2,219 (10.96%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,144 (10.59%) Web Developer
9 2,033 (10.04%) PHP Developer
10 1,918 (9.47%) Software Developer
11 1,489 (7.35%) Java Developer
12 1,354 (6.68%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1,323 (6.53%) Full Stack Developer
14 1,203 (5.94%) C# ASP.NET Developer
15 1,157 (5.71%) HTML Developer
16 1,006 (4.97%) Junior
17 1,005 (4.96%) Angular Developer
18 935 (4.62%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 905 (4.47%) HTML CSS Developer
20 903 (4.46%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19,007 (93.84%) HTML
2 7,981 (39.40%) .NET
3 7,090 (35.00%) AngularJS
4 7,009 (34.60%) jQuery
5 6,841 (33.77%) HTML5
6 5,547 (27.39%) ASP.NET
7 4,900 (24.19%) CSS3
8 3,707 (18.30%) React
9 3,206 (15.83%) ASP.NET MVC
10 3,048 (15.05%) Node.js
11 2,585 (12.76%) Web Services
12 2,409 (11.89%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2,358 (11.64%) Sass
14 2,125 (10.49%) .NET Framework
15 2,093 (10.33%) XML
16 1,904 (9.40%) RESTful
17 1,896 (9.36%) Ajax
18 1,836 (9.06%) REST
19 1,725 (8.52%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,506 (7.44%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,885 (14.24%) User Experience
2 1,509 (7.45%) Greenfield Project
3 1,317 (6.50%) Computer Science
4 1,285 (6.34%) Mobile App
5 858 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
6 846 (4.18%) Fintech
7 598 (2.95%) Self-Motivation
8 453 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
9 234 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
10 179 (0.88%) Graphic Design
11 177 (0.87%) Social Media
12 150 (0.74%) Algorithms
13 137 (0.68%) W3C
14 133 (0.66%) Management Information System
15 129 (0.64%) N-Tier
16 124 (0.61%) Data Structures
17 98 (0.48%) e-Learning
18 93 (0.46%) Animation
19 86 (0.42%) Blog
20 73 (0.36%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,980 (9.78%) Linux
2 914 (4.51%) Windows
3 661 (3.26%) Android
4 557 (2.75%) Apple iOS
5 420 (2.07%) Unix
6 203 (1.00%) Windows Server
7 81 (0.40%) Debian
7 81 (0.40%) Ubuntu
8 75 (0.37%) CentOS
9 43 (0.21%) Mac OS
10 37 (0.18%) VMS
10 37 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
11 31 (0.15%) Mac OS X
12 28 (0.14%) Windows Phone
13 18 (0.089%) Windows 8
14 17 (0.084%) Windows 7
14 17 (0.084%) Windows Phone 8
15 16 (0.079%) Windows Mobile
15 16 (0.079%) Windows Server 2008
16 12 (0.059%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,649 (42.70%) Agile Software Development
2 6,964 (34.38%) MVC
3 5,224 (25.79%) Web Development
4 4,336 (21.41%) Front End Development
5 3,335 (16.47%) TDD
6 3,057 (15.09%) Scrum
7 2,489 (12.29%) OO
8 2,319 (11.45%) Software Engineering
9 1,820 (8.99%) E-Commerce
10 1,599 (7.89%) Unit Testing
11 1,596 (7.88%) Problem-Solving
12 1,529 (7.55%) Continuous Integration
13 1,440 (7.11%) Test Automation
14 1,406 (6.94%) OOP
15 1,396 (6.89%) BDD
16 1,291 (6.37%) Responsive Web Design
17 1,275 (6.29%) SDLC
18 1,075 (5.31%) Mentoring
19 1,043 (5.15%) DevOps
20 936 (4.62%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 17,347 (85.64%) JavaScript
2 8,106 (40.02%) C#
3 6,104 (30.14%) SQL
4 4,230 (20.88%) PHP
5 3,800 (18.76%) Java
6 1,239 (6.12%) Python
7 1,100 (5.43%) T-SQL
8 980 (4.84%) TypeScript
9 925 (4.57%) ES6
10 713 (3.52%) Ruby
11 702 (3.47%) VB.NET
12 510 (2.52%) C++
13 354 (1.75%) Java 8
14 315 (1.56%) Scala
15 286 (1.41%) PowerShell
16 259 (1.28%) VB
17 258 (1.27%) C
18 239 (1.18%) PL/SQL
19 206 (1.02%) Bash Shell
20 192 (0.95%) Perl
Qualifications
1 2,361 (11.66%) Degree
2 703 (3.47%) Computer Science Degree
3 211 (1.04%) Security Cleared
4 177 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
5 104 (0.51%) SC Cleared
6 64 (0.32%) MCSD
7 59 (0.29%) Master's Degree
8 53 (0.26%) PhD
9 52 (0.26%) DV Cleared
10 49 (0.24%) MCAD
11 42 (0.21%) ISEB
11 42 (0.21%) SAFe Agilist
12 41 (0.20%) MCTS
13 37 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
14 34 (0.17%) MCPD
15 23 (0.11%) ISTQB
16 22 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
16 22 (0.11%) MCP
17 18 (0.089%) DBS Check
18 17 (0.084%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 708 (3.50%) QA
2 59 (0.29%) SLA
3 45 (0.22%) WCAG
4 34 (0.17%) PCI DSS
5 28 (0.14%) ISO 9001
6 19 (0.094%) Data Quality
6 19 (0.094%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 16 (0.079%) GCP
8 13 (0.064%) Disclosure Scotland
8 13 (0.064%) WAI
9 12 (0.059%) Web Application Security Consortium
10 11 (0.054%) GDPR
10 11 (0.054%) PMO
11 9 (0.044%) GAMP
12 6 (0.030%) COSHH
12 6 (0.030%) Cyber Essentials
13 5 (0.025%) GMP
13 5 (0.025%) MiFID
13 5 (0.025%) SEPA
14 4 (0.020%) PA-DSS
System Software
1 752 (3.71%) Docker
2 127 (0.63%) Active Directory
3 46 (0.23%) Hyper-V
4 41 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
5 34 (0.17%) HDFS
6 24 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
7 15 (0.074%) Microsoft App-V
8 14 (0.069%) VirtualBox
9 12 (0.059%) VMware ESXi
10 10 (0.049%) Samba
10 10 (0.049%) VMware NSX
11 7 (0.035%) LXC
12 6 (0.030%) Firmware
13 5 (0.025%) GridGain
13 5 (0.025%) Squid
13 5 (0.025%) Varnish
14 3 (0.015%) Apache Flume
14 3 (0.015%) XenDesktop
15 2 (0.010%) Shibboleth
15 2 (0.010%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 153 (0.76%) Kubernetes
2 131 (0.65%) Ansible
3 121 (0.60%) Opscode Chef
4 120 (0.59%) Puppet
5 59 (0.29%) Terraform
6 56 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
7 48 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
8 31 (0.15%) SCCM
8 31 (0.15%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 27 (0.13%) Kibana
10 22 (0.11%) HAProxy
11 21 (0.10%) SCOM
12 20 (0.099%) Salt
13 19 (0.094%) Graphite
14 18 (0.089%) OPNET
15 17 (0.084%) Nagios
16 16 (0.079%) HP ALM
17 15 (0.074%) CA Service Virtualization
17 15 (0.074%) Consul
17 15 (0.074%) Plesk
Vendors
1 2,645 (13.06%) Microsoft
2 1,020 (5.04%) Google
3 938 (4.63%) Oracle
4 703 (3.47%) Adobe
5 492 (2.43%) Zend
6 319 (1.57%) Twitter
7 276 (1.36%) Capita
8 275 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
9 265 (1.31%) Sitecore
10 263 (1.30%) Xamarin
11 153 (0.76%) SAP
12 101 (0.50%) Splunk
13 98 (0.48%) Facebook
14 94 (0.46%) Apple
15 83 (0.41%) IBM
16 82 (0.40%) VMware
17 81 (0.40%) hybris
18 68 (0.34%) Telerik
19 66 (0.33%) HP
19 66 (0.33%) WooCommerce