Period
to 21 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 14 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 20,022 20,897 24,069
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 12.44% 12.58% 12.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 30.49% 31.89% 31.98%
Number of salaries quoted 17,945 18,906 21,842
England median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
UK median annual salary £44,500 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +4.71% +2.41% +3.75%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 65,668 65,523 75,252
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.79% 39.44% 38.42%
Number of salaries quoted 55,533 56,987 65,185
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,250
90th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in England.

Salary trend for CSS in England

CSS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in England

CSS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 6,835 £55,000 +4.76% 1,334
South East +4 4,713 £42,500 +6.25% 672
North of England +1 3,269 £40,000 +6.67% 755
Midlands +2 2,306 £35,000 -6.67% 508
North West -2 1,785 £40,000 +6.67% 439
South West -1 1,499 £40,000 +6.67% 283
East of England 0 1,406 £43,500 +8.75% 261
West Midlands 0 1,383 £35,000 -6.67% 269
Yorkshire +1 1,271 £40,000 +6.67% 274
East Midlands +1 931 £37,000 -1.33% 237
North East -4 214 £35,000 - 42
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS.

1 18,837 (94.08%) HTML
2 17,259 (86.20%) JavaScript
3 8,501 (42.46%) Agile Software Development
4 7,860 (39.26%) C#
5 7,813 (39.02%) .NET
6 7,206 (35.99%) jQuery
7 7,085 (35.39%) AngularJS
8 7,070 (35.31%) HTML5
9 7,025 (35.09%) MVC
10 5,841 (29.17%) SQL
11 5,417 (27.06%) ASP.NET
12 5,279 (26.37%) Web Development
13 5,062 (25.28%) CSS3
14 4,954 (24.74%) SQL Server
15 4,463 (22.29%) PHP
16 4,375 (21.85%) Front End Development
17 3,661 (18.28%) Java
18 3,616 (18.06%) Git (software)
19 3,487 (17.42%) React
20 3,203 (16.00%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3,174 (15.85%) TDD
22 3,141 (15.69%) MySQL
23 3,104 (15.50%) Scrum
24 3,091 (15.44%) Node.js
25 2,978 (14.87%) User Experience
26 2,920 (14.58%) Finance
27 2,679 (13.38%) Web Services
28 2,655 (13.26%) OO
28 2,655 (13.26%) Microsoft
29 2,445 (12.21%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,429 (7.14%) CMS
2 872 (4.36%) WordPress
3 730 (3.65%) Apache
4 665 (3.32%) SharePoint
5 542 (2.71%) IIS
6 458 (2.29%) Umbraco
7 397 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
8 395 (1.97%) Drupal
9 314 (1.57%) Tomcat
10 212 (1.06%) nginx
11 193 (0.96%) SharePoint 2013
12 178 (0.89%) JBoss
12 178 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
13 153 (0.76%) Apache Spark
14 151 (0.75%) BizTalk Server
15 142 (0.71%) Confluence
16 141 (0.70%) EPiServer
17 111 (0.55%) Apache Solr
18 97 (0.48%) WebSphere
19 85 (0.42%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 897 (4.48%) Photoshop
2 487 (2.43%) Adobe Illustrator
3 314 (1.57%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 180 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
5 171 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
6 113 (0.56%) InVision
7 97 (0.48%) InDesign
8 52 (0.26%) InfoPath
9 42 (0.21%) Chatbot
10 28 (0.14%) Adobe After Effects
11 27 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 22 (0.11%) MS Visio
13 20 (0.100%) GIMP
13 20 (0.100%) UXPin
14 17 (0.085%) Acrobat
15 16 (0.080%) Adobe Premiere
15 16 (0.080%) SPSS
16 15 (0.075%) Fireworks
17 10 (0.050%) FrameMaker
17 10 (0.050%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 464 (2.32%) Magento
2 168 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
3 67 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
4 54 (0.27%) Shopify
5 39 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
6 35 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
7 34 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
8 30 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
9 27 (0.13%) WebTrends
10 24 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 23 (0.11%) Eloqua
12 16 (0.080%) Oracle EBS
13 15 (0.075%) Dynamics AX
13 15 (0.075%) OpenCart
14 9 (0.045%) NetSuite
15 8 (0.040%) Adobe Campaign
15 8 (0.040%) CiviCRM
16 7 (0.035%) Unit4 Business World
17 5 (0.025%) Cognos Business Intelligence
17 5 (0.025%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,778 (8.88%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,369 (6.84%) Amazon AWS
3 818 (4.09%) SaaS
4 554 (2.77%) GitHub
5 455 (2.27%) npm
6 271 (1.35%) Office 365
7 182 (0.91%) Google Analytics
8 167 (0.83%) PaaS
9 115 (0.57%) IaaS
10 109 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
11 104 (0.52%) Amazon EC2
12 98 (0.49%) Amazon S3
13 97 (0.48%) Serverless
14 93 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Cloud
14 93 (0.46%) Google Cloud Platform
15 56 (0.28%) Slack
16 55 (0.27%) AWS Lambda
17 49 (0.24%) Heroku
18 44 (0.22%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 44 (0.22%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 501 (2.50%) Internet
2 472 (2.36%) HTTP
3 138 (0.69%) SMS
4 133 (0.66%) Intranet
5 106 (0.53%) TCP/IP
6 93 (0.46%) DNS
7 91 (0.45%) SSL
8 70 (0.35%) FTP
9 60 (0.30%) Firewall
9 60 (0.30%) VPN
10 41 (0.20%) SSH
11 38 (0.19%) Broadband
11 38 (0.19%) SMTP
12 32 (0.16%) AMQP
12 32 (0.16%) Skype
13 31 (0.15%) SNMP
14 28 (0.14%) Wireless
15 26 (0.13%) Extranet
16 25 (0.12%) DHCP
17 22 (0.11%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,954 (24.74%) SQL Server
2 3,141 (15.69%) MySQL
3 1,010 (5.04%) MongoDB
4 975 (4.87%) NoSQL
5 774 (3.87%) Relational Database
6 508 (2.54%) PostgreSQL
7 370 (1.85%) Big Data
8 330 (1.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 327 (1.63%) Redis
10 281 (1.40%) SQL Server 2008
11 268 (1.34%) SQL Server 2016
12 255 (1.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 235 (1.17%) SQL Server 2014
14 203 (1.01%) SQL Server 2012
15 198 (0.99%) RavenDB
16 169 (0.84%) RDBMS
17 157 (0.78%) Hadoop
18 140 (0.70%) Apache Cassandra
19 129 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
20 115 (0.57%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3,616 (18.06%) Git (software)
2 1,127 (5.63%) Visual Studio
3 1,025 (5.12%) Subversion
4 985 (4.92%) gulp
5 824 (4.12%) Team Foundation Server
6 750 (3.75%) Grunt
7 707 (3.53%) JIRA
8 699 (3.49%) webpack
9 696 (3.48%) Jenkins
10 598 (2.99%) Selenium
11 580 (2.90%) NUnit
12 484 (2.42%) Jasmine
13 335 (1.67%) JUnit
14 332 (1.66%) Maven
15 300 (1.50%) Mocha
16 279 (1.39%) TeamCity
17 272 (1.36%) Bitbucket
18 259 (1.29%) Karma Test Runner
19 231 (1.15%) Cucumber
20 209 (1.04%) PHPUnit
General
1 2,920 (14.58%) Finance
2 1,449 (7.24%) Marketing
3 1,167 (5.83%) Retail
4 775 (3.87%) Advertising
5 652 (3.26%) Games
6 644 (3.22%) Banking
7 341 (1.70%) Telecoms
8 238 (1.19%) Manufacturing
9 214 (1.07%) Legal
10 195 (0.97%) Electronics
11 158 (0.79%) Automotive
12 149 (0.74%) Publishing
13 132 (0.66%) Back Office
14 116 (0.58%) Law
15 104 (0.52%) Investment Banking
16 76 (0.38%) Financial Institution
17 71 (0.35%) Multimedia
18 68 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
19 60 (0.30%) Front Office
20 50 (0.25%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 16,386 (81.84%) Developer
2 4,187 (20.91%) .NET Developer
3 3,321 (16.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 2,960 (14.78%) C# Developer
5 2,832 (14.14%) Senior Developer
6 2,435 (12.16%) JavaScript Developer
7 2,289 (11.43%) Web Developer
8 2,245 (11.21%) C# .NET Developer
9 2,240 (11.19%) PHP Developer
10 1,754 (8.76%) Software Developer
11 1,451 (7.25%) ASP.NET Developer
12 1,368 (6.83%) HTML Developer
13 1,308 (6.53%) Full Stack Developer
14 1,281 (6.40%) C# ASP.NET Developer
15 1,275 (6.37%) Java Developer
16 1,095 (5.47%) HTML CSS Developer
17 1,081 (5.40%) Junior
18 993 (4.96%) Angular Developer
19 988 (4.93%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
20 966 (4.82%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18,837 (94.08%) HTML
2 7,813 (39.02%) .NET
3 7,206 (35.99%) jQuery
4 7,085 (35.39%) AngularJS
5 7,070 (35.31%) HTML5
6 5,417 (27.06%) ASP.NET
7 5,062 (25.28%) CSS3
8 3,487 (17.42%) React
9 3,203 (16.00%) ASP.NET MVC
10 3,091 (15.44%) Node.js
11 2,679 (13.38%) Web Services
12 2,445 (12.21%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2,378 (11.88%) Sass
14 2,036 (10.17%) XML
15 1,954 (9.76%) Ajax
16 1,946 (9.72%) .NET Framework
17 1,864 (9.31%) REST
18 1,672 (8.35%) RESTful
19 1,641 (8.20%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,480 (7.39%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,978 (14.87%) User Experience
2 1,418 (7.08%) Greenfield Project
3 1,371 (6.85%) Computer Science
4 1,193 (5.96%) Mobile App
5 865 (4.32%) Analytical Skills
6 849 (4.24%) Fintech
7 457 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
8 231 (1.15%) Social Media
9 201 (1.00%) Algorithms
10 193 (0.96%) Graphic Design
11 174 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
12 147 (0.73%) W3C
13 127 (0.63%) N-Tier
14 100 (0.50%) e-Learning
15 99 (0.49%) Data Structures
16 98 (0.49%) Management Information System
17 93 (0.46%) Blog
18 87 (0.43%) Digital Media
19 84 (0.42%) Animation
20 81 (0.40%) BBC
Operating Systems
1 2,037 (10.17%) Linux
2 958 (4.78%) Windows
3 778 (3.89%) Android
4 671 (3.35%) Apple iOS
5 455 (2.27%) Unix
6 229 (1.14%) Windows Server
7 92 (0.46%) Ubuntu
8 70 (0.35%) Debian
9 64 (0.32%) CentOS
10 50 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
11 43 (0.21%) Windows 7
12 32 (0.16%) Mac OS
13 28 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 27 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
15 23 (0.11%) VMS
16 20 (0.100%) Windows 10
16 20 (0.100%) Windows 8
17 17 (0.085%) Mac OS X
18 14 (0.070%) Windows Phone
19 13 (0.065%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,501 (42.46%) Agile Software Development
2 7,025 (35.09%) MVC
3 5,279 (26.37%) Web Development
4 4,375 (21.85%) Front End Development
5 3,174 (15.85%) TDD
6 3,104 (15.50%) Scrum
7 2,655 (13.26%) OO
8 2,313 (11.55%) Software Engineering
9 1,893 (9.45%) E-Commerce
10 1,533 (7.66%) OOP
11 1,468 (7.33%) Unit Testing
12 1,388 (6.93%) Continuous Integration
13 1,308 (6.53%) BDD
14 1,266 (6.32%) Test Automation
15 1,244 (6.21%) SDLC
16 1,208 (6.03%) Responsive Web Design
17 1,112 (5.55%) Mentoring
18 937 (4.68%) Analytics
19 918 (4.58%) DevOps
20 864 (4.32%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 17,259 (86.20%) JavaScript
2 7,860 (39.26%) C#
3 5,841 (29.17%) SQL
4 4,463 (22.29%) PHP
5 3,661 (18.28%) Java
6 1,266 (6.32%) Python
7 1,170 (5.84%) T-SQL
8 859 (4.29%) TypeScript
9 800 (4.00%) ES6
10 791 (3.95%) VB.NET
11 752 (3.76%) Ruby
12 568 (2.84%) C++
13 360 (1.80%) C
14 312 (1.56%) Scala
15 273 (1.36%) VB
16 243 (1.21%) PowerShell
17 208 (1.04%) Bash Shell
18 177 (0.88%) PL/SQL
19 171 (0.85%) ES7
20 168 (0.84%) Perl
Qualifications
1 2,445 (12.21%) Degree
2 719 (3.59%) Computer Science Degree
3 202 (1.01%) Security Cleared
4 173 (0.86%) Microsoft Certification
5 122 (0.61%) SC Cleared
6 80 (0.40%) PhD
7 62 (0.31%) Master's Degree
8 54 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
9 44 (0.22%) Sun Certification
10 42 (0.21%) ISEB
11 41 (0.20%) MCSD
12 34 (0.17%) DV Cleared
13 33 (0.16%) MCAD
14 32 (0.16%) DBS Check
14 32 (0.16%) MCP
15 31 (0.15%) ISTQB
16 29 (0.14%) MCPD
17 27 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
18 25 (0.12%) MCTS
19 23 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 688 (3.44%) QA
2 76 (0.38%) SLA
3 62 (0.31%) WCAG
4 30 (0.15%) PCI DSS
5 23 (0.11%) WAI
6 17 (0.085%) Data Quality
7 16 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 14 (0.070%) PMO
9 12 (0.060%) ISO 9001
10 10 (0.050%) GAMP
10 10 (0.050%) GCP
10 10 (0.050%) Web Application Security Consortium
11 8 (0.040%) Disclosure Scotland
12 6 (0.030%) COSHH
13 5 (0.025%) GMP
13 5 (0.025%) HIPAA
14 4 (0.020%) COBIT
15 3 (0.015%) GDPR
16 2 (0.010%) HL7
17 1 (0.005%) RMADS
System Software
1 698 (3.49%) Docker
2 96 (0.48%) Active Directory
3 39 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (0.18%) HDFS
5 24 (0.12%) Hyper-V
6 19 (0.095%) Virtual Machines
7 14 (0.070%) Samba
8 11 (0.055%) VirtualBox
9 9 (0.045%) Microsoft App-V
9 9 (0.045%) Varnish
10 8 (0.040%) Squid
11 6 (0.030%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 5 (0.025%) VMware NSX
13 4 (0.020%) Firmware
13 4 (0.020%) VMware ESXi
13 4 (0.020%) XenDesktop
14 3 (0.015%) Cygwin
15 2 (0.010%) Apache Flume
15 2 (0.010%) KVM
15 2 (0.010%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 140 (0.70%) Puppet
2 114 (0.57%) Ansible
3 102 (0.51%) Kubernetes
4 99 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
5 37 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
6 31 (0.15%) Kibana
7 28 (0.14%) Consul
8 27 (0.13%) Terraform
9 25 (0.12%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 24 (0.12%) HAProxy
11 19 (0.095%) Graphite
12 17 (0.085%) CA Service Virtualization
12 17 (0.085%) Salt
13 14 (0.070%) Nagios
13 14 (0.070%) Plesk
14 13 (0.065%) Capistrano
14 13 (0.065%) cPanel
15 12 (0.060%) BMC PATROL
16 11 (0.055%) logstash
17 10 (0.050%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 2,655 (13.26%) Microsoft
2 922 (4.60%) Google
3 890 (4.45%) Oracle
4 752 (3.76%) Adobe
5 650 (3.25%) Zend
6 278 (1.39%) Sitecore
7 259 (1.29%) Twitter
8 249 (1.24%) Xamarin
9 196 (0.98%) SAP
10 186 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
11 172 (0.86%) Capita
12 108 (0.54%) Facebook
13 103 (0.51%) Apple
14 94 (0.47%) IBM
15 86 (0.43%) hybris
15 86 (0.43%) Telerik
16 73 (0.36%) HP
17 72 (0.36%) Tableau
18 69 (0.34%) VMware
19 62 (0.31%) Splunk