Period
to 20 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 20 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 119 184 209
Rank change year-on-year +65 +25 +63
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 151 49 21
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 2.18% 0.79% 0.32%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.50% 0.90% 0.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 123 37 16
City of London median daily rate £550 £590 £569
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.78% +3.74% -1.09%
10th Percentile £425 £316 £369
90th Percentile £738 £743 £738
Central London median daily rate £550 £580 £538
% change year-on-year -5.17% +7.91% -6.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,028 5,436 5,783
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.22% 87.58% 87.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,789 4,210 4,638
City of London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £334 £313 £303
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £488 £463
% change year-on-year +2.56% +5.41% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 97 46 55
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £19.35 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.36% -3.25% -12.40%
10th Percentile £12.65 £13.19 £11.50
90th Percentile £37.74 £29.77 £49.55
Central London median hourly rate £19.25 £16.96 £20.00
% change year-on-year +13.50% -15.20% -9.60%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 6 - -
London Bridge - 2 £450 -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 87 (57.62%) Python
2 63 (41.72%) Agile Software Development
3 56 (37.09%) Java
4 49 (32.45%) Finance
4 49 (32.45%) Data Science
5 46 (30.46%) Artificial Intelligence
6 42 (27.81%) Apache Spark
7 37 (24.50%) Big Data
8 35 (23.18%) Hadoop
9 34 (22.52%) Analytics
10 33 (21.85%) Amazon AWS
10 33 (21.85%) Algorithms
11 32 (21.19%) SQL
12 27 (17.88%) Banking
12 27 (17.88%) R
13 26 (17.22%) Scala
13 26 (17.22%) NoSQL
14 24 (15.89%) Analytical Skills
15 23 (15.23%) Problem-Solving
16 21 (13.91%) MongoDB
16 21 (13.91%) E-Commerce
17 20 (13.25%) Apache Cassandra
17 20 (13.25%) Docker
18 19 (12.58%) JavaScript
19 18 (11.92%) Deep Learning
20 17 (11.26%) OOP
20 17 (11.26%) Git (software)
20 17 (11.26%) Continuous Integration
21 16 (10.60%) Software Engineering
21 16 (10.60%) Data Mining

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (27.81%) Apache Spark
2 12 (7.95%) Apache
3 8 (5.30%) Apache Pig
4 7 (4.64%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (3.97%) SAS
6 4 (2.65%) Cloud Foundry
6 4 (2.65%) Confluence
7 3 (1.99%) Jupyter
8 2 (1.32%) Apache Airflow
8 2 (1.32%) Ethereum
8 2 (1.32%) Hyperledger
8 2 (1.32%) Luigi
9 1 (0.66%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.66%) IPython
9 1 (0.66%) SharePoint
Applications
1 4 (2.65%) Chatbot
2 2 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.32%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.66%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 2 (1.32%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (1.32%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 33 (21.85%) Amazon AWS
2 11 (7.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 6 (3.97%) Amazon Kinesis
3 6 (3.97%) Google Cloud Platform
4 3 (1.99%) Amazon EMR
4 3 (1.99%) GitHub
4 3 (1.99%) Serverless
5 1 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
5 1 (0.66%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
5 1 (0.66%) AWS Lambda
5 1 (0.66%) Azure Data Factory
5 1 (0.66%) Azure Machine Learning
5 1 (0.66%) Data Lake Analytics
5 1 (0.66%) Dialogflow
5 1 (0.66%) Slack
5 1 (0.66%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.99%) SMS
2 1 (0.66%) Internet
2 1 (0.66%) Network Security
2 1 (0.66%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (24.50%) Big Data
2 35 (23.18%) Hadoop
3 26 (17.22%) NoSQL
4 21 (13.91%) MongoDB
5 20 (13.25%) Apache Cassandra
6 16 (10.60%) Data Mining
7 15 (9.93%) Apache Hive
8 13 (8.61%) Relational Database
9 11 (7.28%) PostgreSQL
10 9 (5.96%) SQL Server
11 8 (5.30%) MySQL
12 7 (4.64%) Data Warehouse
12 7 (4.64%) HBase
12 7 (4.64%) RDBMS
13 6 (3.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 6 (3.97%) Sqoop
14 5 (3.31%) Amazon Redshift
15 4 (2.65%) Blockchain
15 4 (2.65%) Power BI
15 4 (2.65%) Redis
Development Applications
1 17 (11.26%) Git (software)
2 14 (9.27%) Jenkins
3 7 (4.64%) JIRA
4 6 (3.97%) TeamCity
4 6 (3.97%) webpack
5 5 (3.31%) Babel
5 5 (3.31%) JUnit
5 5 (3.31%) Team Foundation Server
6 4 (2.65%) CircleCI
6 4 (2.65%) Octopus Deploy
7 3 (1.99%) Jasmine
7 3 (1.99%) Mocha
8 2 (1.32%) GitLab
9 1 (0.66%) GoCD
9 1 (0.66%) Grunt
9 1 (0.66%) gulp
9 1 (0.66%) Liquibase
9 1 (0.66%) RSpec
9 1 (0.66%) Vagrant
9 1 (0.66%) Wercker
General
1 49 (32.45%) Finance
2 27 (17.88%) Banking
3 15 (9.93%) Investment Banking
4 14 (9.27%) Front Office
5 12 (7.95%) Retail
6 7 (4.64%) Advertising
6 7 (4.64%) Games
7 6 (3.97%) Marketing
8 5 (3.31%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.66%) Law
9 1 (0.66%) Legal
9 1 (0.66%) Retail Finance
9 1 (0.66%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 61 (40.40%) Developer
2 26 (17.22%) Machine Learning Developer
2 26 (17.22%) Python Developer
3 24 (15.89%) Data Engineer
3 24 (15.89%) Data Scientist
4 17 (11.26%) Java Developer
5 13 (8.61%) Analyst
5 13 (8.61%) AWS Developer
6 12 (7.95%) Big Data Engineer
7 7 (4.64%) Python Engineer
8 6 (3.97%) AWS Engineer
9 4 (2.65%) .NET Developer
9 4 (2.65%) Apache Spark Developer
9 4 (2.65%) Cassandra Developer
9 4 (2.65%) Data Analyst
9 4 (2.65%) Games Engineer
9 4 (2.65%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 4 (2.65%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 4 (2.65%) Senior Data Scientist
9 4 (2.65%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (9.27%) Natural Language Processing
1 14 (9.27%) TensorFlow
2 13 (8.61%) React
2 13 (8.61%) scikit-learn
3 11 (7.28%) HTML
3 11 (7.28%) Kafka
4 10 (6.62%) Django
4 10 (6.62%) Node.js
5 9 (5.96%) Redux
6 8 (5.30%) Keras
6 8 (5.30%) Pandas
7 6 (3.97%) AngularJS
7 6 (3.97%) NumPy
7 6 (3.97%) RESTful
8 5 (3.31%) .NET
8 5 (3.31%) Express
8 5 (3.31%) MLlib
8 5 (3.31%) REST
8 5 (3.31%) Ruby on Rails
8 5 (3.31%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 33 (21.85%) Algorithms
2 24 (15.89%) Analytical Skills
3 13 (8.61%) Robotics
4 10 (6.62%) Mobile App
5 8 (5.30%) Self-Motivation
6 7 (4.64%) User Experience
7 6 (3.97%) Tandem
8 5 (3.31%) Fintech
8 5 (3.31%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (2.65%) iPad
10 3 (1.99%) Computer Science
10 3 (1.99%) Data Structures
10 3 (1.99%) Equities
10 3 (1.99%) Fixed Income
10 3 (1.99%) Social Media
11 2 (1.32%) Blog
11 2 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 2 (1.32%) Virtual Team
12 1 (0.66%) Credit Risk
12 1 (0.66%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 5 (3.31%) Linux
2 3 (1.99%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 63 (41.72%) Agile Software Development
2 49 (32.45%) Data Science
3 46 (30.46%) Artificial Intelligence
4 34 (22.52%) Analytics
5 23 (15.23%) Problem-Solving
6 21 (13.91%) E-Commerce
7 18 (11.92%) Deep Learning
8 17 (11.26%) Continuous Integration
8 17 (11.26%) OOP
9 16 (10.60%) Software Engineering
10 14 (9.27%) Performance Tuning
11 13 (8.61%) Data Analysis
11 13 (8.61%) Mathematics
11 13 (8.61%) TDD
11 13 (8.61%) Visualisation
12 11 (7.28%) ETL
13 10 (6.62%) Data Engineering
13 10 (6.62%) DevOps
14 9 (5.96%) Business Intelligence
14 9 (5.96%) Predictive Modelling
Programming Languages
1 87 (57.62%) Python
2 56 (37.09%) Java
3 32 (21.19%) SQL
4 27 (17.88%) R
5 26 (17.22%) Scala
6 19 (12.58%) JavaScript
7 12 (7.95%) C#
8 10 (6.62%) MATLAB
9 7 (4.64%) Shell Script
10 6 (3.97%) ES6
11 5 (3.31%) Bash Shell
11 5 (3.31%) Ruby
12 4 (2.65%) Go
12 4 (2.65%) Java 8
13 3 (1.99%) C++
13 3 (1.99%) PHP
14 2 (1.32%) Julia
14 2 (1.32%) PL/SQL
15 1 (0.66%) Clojure
15 1 (0.66%) U-SQL
Qualifications
1 14 (9.27%) Degree
2 6 (3.97%) PhD
3 2 (1.32%) Computer Science Degree
4 1 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
4 1 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
4 1 (0.66%) PMI Certification
4 1 (0.66%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.66%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (3.31%) QA
2 3 (1.99%) SLA
3 2 (1.32%) MiFID
4 1 (0.66%) GCP
4 1 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 20 (13.25%) Docker
2 7 (4.64%) Apache Flume
2 7 (4.64%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 5 (3.31%) Hadoop YARN
2 4 (2.65%) Ansible
2 4 (2.65%) Terraform
3 3 (1.99%) Kubernetes
4 2 (1.32%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.66%) Puppet
5 1 (0.66%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 8 (5.30%) Microsoft
2 7 (4.64%) Tableau
3 6 (3.97%) Google
3 6 (3.97%) Hortonworks
4 5 (3.31%) Cloudera
4 5 (3.31%) DevExpress
4 5 (3.31%) MapR
5 3 (1.99%) Oracle
6 2 (1.32%) Alteryx
7 1 (0.66%) Capita
7 1 (0.66%) Casewise
7 1 (0.66%) Greenplum
7 1 (0.66%) Splunk
7 1 (0.66%) Telerik