Period
to 23 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 23 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 79 85 118
Rank change year-on-year +6 +33 +65
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 36 170 147
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.03% 2.74% 2.14%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.30% 3.04% 2.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 27 143 112
Median daily rate £525 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% - -8.33%
10th Percentile £335 £475 £432
90th Percentile £675 £648 £731
Central London median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - -8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
Median hourly rate - £46.85 -
Central London median hourly rate - £46.85 -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,564 5,596 5,991
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.06% 90.08% 87.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,098 4,376 4,771
Median daily rate £510 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.86% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £318 £339 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £510 £515 £500
% change year-on-year -0.97% +3.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 70 102
Median hourly rate £34.25 £18.33 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +86.85% -1.98% -
10th Percentile £14.55 £11.25 £13.02
90th Percentile £52.03 £53.75 £32.25
Median hourly rate £33.50 £19.48 £18.70
% change year-on-year +71.95% +4.18% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 22 (61.11%) Python
2 12 (33.33%) Data Science
3 11 (30.56%) Artificial Intelligence
4 10 (27.78%) Agile Software Development
4 10 (27.78%) SQL
4 10 (27.78%) AWS
5 9 (25.00%) Analytics
6 7 (19.44%) DevOps
6 7 (19.44%) Big Data
7 6 (16.67%) Data Warehouse
7 6 (16.67%) Finance
7 6 (16.67%) Azure
7 6 (16.67%) R
8 5 (13.89%) Banking
8 5 (13.89%) ETL
8 5 (13.89%) Business Intelligence
8 5 (13.89%) Java
8 5 (13.89%) Microservices
8 5 (13.89%) GCP
9 4 (11.11%) Apache Spark
9 4 (11.11%) Docker
9 4 (11.11%) Kubernetes
9 4 (11.11%) HTML
9 4 (11.11%) Microsoft Excel
9 4 (11.11%) Linux
9 4 (11.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 4 (11.11%) Statistics
9 4 (11.11%) RabbitMQ
9 4 (11.11%) Open Source
9 4 (11.11%) Kafka

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (11.11%) Apache Spark
2 1 (2.78%) Confluence
2 1 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
2 1 (2.78%) SAS
2 1 (2.78%) Tornado
Applications
1 4 (11.11%) Microsoft Excel
Cloud Services
1 10 (27.78%) AWS
2 6 (16.67%) Azure
3 5 (13.89%) GCP
4 3 (8.33%) AWS CloudFormation
5 2 (5.56%) Power Platform
6 1 (2.78%) Amazon SageMaker
6 1 (2.78%) AWS Lambda
6 1 (2.78%) Azure Functions
6 1 (2.78%) Azure Stack
6 1 (2.78%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (2.78%) Serverless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (19.44%) Big Data
2 6 (16.67%) Data Warehouse
3 4 (11.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 3 (8.33%) Redis
5 2 (5.56%) Hadoop
5 2 (5.56%) Power BI
5 2 (5.56%) SQL Server
6 1 (2.78%) Apache Hive
6 1 (2.78%) BusinessObjects
6 1 (2.78%) Data Mining
6 1 (2.78%) Flink
6 1 (2.78%) Microsoft Analysis Services
6 1 (2.78%) MySQL
6 1 (2.78%) NoSQL
6 1 (2.78%) Pentaho
6 1 (2.78%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (2.78%) PowerPivot
6 1 (2.78%) Spotfire
6 1 (2.78%) SQL Server Analysis Services
6 1 (2.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 3 (8.33%) GitLab
2 2 (5.56%) Git (software)
2 2 (5.56%) Jenkins
3 1 (2.78%) Artifactory
3 1 (2.78%) Bitbucket
3 1 (2.78%) Hudson
3 1 (2.78%) Jasmine
3 1 (2.78%) JIRA
3 1 (2.78%) Maven
3 1 (2.78%) PhantomJS
3 1 (2.78%) ProC
3 1 (2.78%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
3 1 (2.78%) Team Foundation Server
3 1 (2.78%) Visual Studio
General
1 6 (16.67%) Finance
2 5 (13.89%) Banking
3 3 (8.33%) Investment Banking
3 3 (8.33%) Law
3 3 (8.33%) Pharmaceutical
4 2 (5.56%) Marketing
4 2 (5.56%) Telecoms
5 1 (2.78%) Games
5 1 (2.78%) Retail
Job Titles
1 7 (19.44%) Developer
2 6 (16.67%) Analyst
3 5 (13.89%) Architect
3 5 (13.89%) Data Scientist
4 4 (11.11%) Python Developer
5 3 (8.33%) DevOps Engineer
5 3 (8.33%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 2 (5.56%) AWS Developer
6 2 (5.56%) AWS Engineer
6 2 (5.56%) Data Architect
6 2 (5.56%) Data Engineer
6 2 (5.56%) Data Warehouse Analyst
6 2 (5.56%) ETL Analyst
6 2 (5.56%) Market Researcher
6 2 (5.56%) Senior Data Scientist
6 2 (5.56%) Software Developer
6 2 (5.56%) Solutions Architect
6 2 (5.56%) SQL Analyst
6 2 (5.56%) SSIS Analyst
6 2 (5.56%) Technical Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4 (11.11%) HTML
1 4 (11.11%) Kafka
1 4 (11.11%) RabbitMQ
2 3 (8.33%) Anaconda
2 3 (8.33%) CSS
2 3 (8.33%) HTML5
2 3 (8.33%) PyTorch
2 3 (8.33%) REST
3 2 (5.56%) .NET
3 2 (5.56%) Django
3 2 (5.56%) Natural Language Processing
3 2 (5.56%) RESTful
3 2 (5.56%) Spring
3 2 (5.56%) TensorFlow
3 2 (5.56%) Web Services
4 1 (2.78%) Elastic Stack
4 1 (2.78%) Flask
4 1 (2.78%) MLlib
4 1 (2.78%) Pandas
4 1 (2.78%) React
Miscellaneous
1 3 (8.33%) Algorithms
1 3 (8.33%) Augmented Reality
2 2 (5.56%) Analytical Skills
2 2 (5.56%) Blog
2 2 (5.56%) CMDB
2 2 (5.56%) Social Media
3 1 (2.78%) Analytical Mindset
3 1 (2.78%) Cloud Native
3 1 (2.78%) Credit Risk
3 1 (2.78%) Data Structures
3 1 (2.78%) Self-Motivation
3 1 (2.78%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 4 (11.11%) Linux
2 1 (2.78%) Unix
2 1 (2.78%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 12 (33.33%) Data Science
2 11 (30.56%) Artificial Intelligence
3 10 (27.78%) Agile Software Development
4 9 (25.00%) Analytics
5 7 (19.44%) DevOps
6 5 (13.89%) Business Intelligence
6 5 (13.89%) ETL
6 5 (13.89%) Microservices
7 4 (11.11%) Computer Science
7 4 (11.11%) Data Analytics
7 4 (11.11%) Open Source
7 4 (11.11%) Statistics
8 3 (8.33%) Data Modelling
8 3 (8.33%) Infrastructure as Code
8 3 (8.33%) Kimball Methodology
8 3 (8.33%) Mathematics
8 3 (8.33%) Scrum
8 3 (8.33%) SDLC
8 3 (8.33%) Software Engineering
8 3 (8.33%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 22 (61.11%) Python
2 10 (27.78%) SQL
3 6 (16.67%) R
4 5 (13.89%) Java
5 3 (8.33%) JavaScript
6 2 (5.56%) C#
6 2 (5.56%) C++
6 2 (5.56%) Shell Script
7 1 (2.78%) Bash Shell
7 1 (2.78%) C
7 1 (2.78%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
7 1 (2.78%) ES6
7 1 (2.78%) Scala
7 1 (2.78%) T-SQL
7 1 (2.78%) VBA
Qualifications
1 4 (11.11%) Degree
2 2 (5.56%) PhD
3 1 (2.78%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (2.78%) Master's Degree
3 1 (2.78%) Numerate Degree
3 1 (2.78%) SC Cleared
3 1 (2.78%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (5.56%) Solvency II
System Software
1 4 (11.11%) Docker
Systems Management
1 4 (11.11%) Kubernetes
2 3 (8.33%) Ansible
2 3 (8.33%) Terraform
Vendors
1 3 (8.33%) Cloudera
2 2 (5.56%) Google
2 2 (5.56%) Splunk
2 2 (5.56%) Tableau
3 1 (2.78%) GoldenSource
3 1 (2.78%) Hortonworks
3 1 (2.78%) Microsoft
3 1 (2.78%) NVIDIA
3 1 (2.78%) Oracle
3 1 (2.78%) ServiceNow