Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 180 209 258
Rank change year-on-year +29 +49 +13
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 77 35 13
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.08% 0.52% 0.14%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.22% 0.60% 0.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 66 30 13
City of London median daily rate £578 £495 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -13.91% +6.98%
10th Percentile £406 £399 £330
90th Percentile £738 £625 £710
Central London median daily rate £563 £500 £550
% change year-on-year +12.50% -9.09% +2.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
City of London median hourly rate - £17.25 -
Central London median hourly rate - £17.25 -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6324 5855 7542
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.35% 87.43% 83.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 5023 4676 5997
City of London median daily rate £513 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £326 £313 £288
90th Percentile £688 £674 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £460
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.79%
Number of hourly rates quoted 59 54 72
City of London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%
10th Percentile £13.34 £13.58 £10.84
90th Percentile £30.90 £53.54 £46.05
Central London median hourly rate £20.25 £19.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +6.58% -7.32% +13.92%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 43 (55.84%) Python
2 33 (42.86%) Agile Software Development
3 23 (29.87%) Analytics
4 20 (25.97%) Amazon AWS
4 20 (25.97%) Finance
5 18 (23.38%) Big Data
6 16 (20.78%) Robotics
7 15 (19.48%) Degree
7 15 (19.48%) SQL
7 15 (19.48%) Apache Spark
8 14 (18.18%) Algorithms
8 14 (18.18%) Analytical Skills
8 14 (18.18%) Visualisation
8 14 (18.18%) Microsoft Azure
8 14 (18.18%) R
8 14 (18.18%) Banking
8 14 (18.18%) Software Engineering
9 13 (16.88%) Front Office
9 13 (16.88%) Data Mining
10 12 (15.58%) C#
10 12 (15.58%) Computer Science
11 11 (14.29%) Investment Banking
11 11 (14.29%) Linux
11 11 (14.29%) NoSQL
12 10 (12.99%) Natural Language Processing
12 10 (12.99%) Hadoop
12 10 (12.99%) Artificial Intelligence
13 9 (11.69%) QA
13 9 (11.69%) Web Services
13 9 (11.69%) REST

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (19.48%) Apache Spark
2 5 (6.49%) Elasticsearch
3 2 (2.60%) OpenStack
4 1 (1.30%) Apache
4 1 (1.30%) Apache Solr
4 1 (1.30%) Cloud Foundry
4 1 (1.30%) SAS
4 1 (1.30%) Tornado
Applications
1 3 (3.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (2.60%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (2.60%) SPSS
2 2 (2.60%) Weka
3 1 (1.30%) Chatbot
3 1 (1.30%) UXPin
Cloud Services
1 20 (25.97%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (18.18%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (9.09%) Serverless
4 5 (6.49%) AWS CloudFormation
5 4 (5.19%) SaaS
6 2 (2.60%) Amazon Kinesis
6 2 (2.60%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
6 2 (2.60%) AWS Lambda
6 2 (2.60%) GitHub
6 2 (2.60%) Google Cloud Platform
7 1 (1.30%) Azure Machine Learning
7 1 (1.30%) Data Lake Analytics
7 1 (1.30%) Dialogflow
7 1 (1.30%) PaaS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (23.38%) Big Data
2 13 (16.88%) Data Mining
3 11 (14.29%) NoSQL
4 10 (12.99%) Hadoop
5 7 (9.09%) MongoDB
6 5 (6.49%) Apache Hive
7 4 (5.19%) Amazon Redshift
7 4 (5.19%) Apache Cassandra
7 4 (5.19%) DocumentDB
8 3 (3.90%) Data Lake
8 3 (3.90%) Data Warehouse
8 3 (3.90%) HDInsight
8 3 (3.90%) Redis
9 2 (2.60%) Blockchain
9 2 (2.60%) BusinessObjects
9 2 (2.60%) HBase
9 2 (2.60%) KNIME
9 2 (2.60%) Sqoop
9 2 (2.60%) STATISTICA
10 1 (1.30%) Impala
Development Applications
1 6 (7.79%) Git (software)
2 4 (5.19%) Jenkins
3 3 (3.90%) Grunt
3 3 (3.90%) gulp
4 1 (1.30%) Axure RP
4 1 (1.30%) JIRA
4 1 (1.30%) RStudio
4 1 (1.30%) Selenium
4 1 (1.30%) SpecFlow
4 1 (1.30%) Team Foundation Server
4 1 (1.30%) TeamCity
General
1 20 (25.97%) Finance
2 14 (18.18%) Banking
3 13 (16.88%) Front Office
4 11 (14.29%) Investment Banking
5 5 (6.49%) Law
5 5 (6.49%) Legal
6 3 (3.90%) Retail
7 2 (2.60%) Advertising
7 2 (2.60%) Marketing
8 1 (1.30%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (1.30%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 25 (32.47%) Developer
2 16 (20.78%) Data Scientist
3 15 (19.48%) Python Developer
4 11 (14.29%) Machine Learning Developer
5 7 (9.09%) Architect
5 7 (9.09%) Software Engineer
6 6 (7.79%) Analyst
7 5 (6.49%) Azure Engineer
7 5 (6.49%) Business Analyst
7 5 (6.49%) Data Engineer
8 4 (5.19%) C# Software Engineer
8 4 (5.19%) Lead Architect
8 4 (5.19%) Senior C# Software Engineer
8 4 (5.19%) Senior Software Engineer
9 3 (3.90%) Artificial Intelligence Architect
9 3 (3.90%) Legal Analyst
9 3 (3.90%) Quantitative Developer
10 2 (2.60%) .NET Developer
10 2 (2.60%) Data Architect
10 2 (2.60%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (12.99%) Natural Language Processing
2 9 (11.69%) REST
2 9 (11.69%) Web Services
3 8 (10.39%) .NET
3 8 (10.39%) Kafka
4 6 (7.79%) JSON
5 5 (6.49%) Angular 2
5 5 (6.49%) AngularJS
5 5 (6.49%) ASP.NET Web API
5 5 (6.49%) Pandas
5 5 (6.49%) RESTful
6 4 (5.19%) Flask
6 4 (5.19%) Lucene
6 4 (5.19%) React
6 4 (5.19%) scikit-learn
6 4 (5.19%) TensorFlow
6 4 (5.19%) XML
7 3 (3.90%) .NET Framework
7 3 (3.90%) Matplotlib
7 3 (3.90%) ZeroMQ
Miscellaneous
1 16 (20.78%) Robotics
2 14 (18.18%) Algorithms
2 14 (18.18%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (15.58%) Computer Science
4 7 (9.09%) Data Structures
5 6 (7.79%) Data Centre
6 4 (5.19%) Hybrid Cloud
6 4 (5.19%) Linked Data
6 4 (5.19%) Semantic Web
7 3 (3.90%) Fintech
7 3 (3.90%) Fixed Income
7 3 (3.90%) Mobile App
8 2 (2.60%) Clustering
8 2 (2.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 2 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
8 2 (2.60%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (2.60%) Management Information System
9 1 (1.30%) Derivative
9 1 (1.30%) NHS
9 1 (1.30%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 11 (14.29%) Linux
2 7 (9.09%) Windows
3 6 (7.79%) Unix
4 4 (5.19%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (42.86%) Agile Software Development
2 23 (29.87%) Analytics
3 14 (18.18%) Software Engineering
3 14 (18.18%) Visualisation
4 10 (12.99%) Artificial Intelligence
5 8 (10.39%) Continuous Integration
5 8 (10.39%) Data Visualisation
5 8 (10.39%) DevOps
5 8 (10.39%) Mathematics
6 7 (9.09%) Microservices
6 7 (9.09%) Statistics
7 6 (7.79%) Creative Thinking
7 6 (7.79%) Information Retrieval
7 6 (7.79%) TDD
7 6 (7.79%) Use Case
8 5 (6.49%) Data Analytics
8 5 (6.49%) Mentoring
8 5 (6.49%) MVC
8 5 (6.49%) Unit Testing
8 5 (6.49%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 43 (55.84%) Python
2 15 (19.48%) SQL
3 14 (18.18%) R
4 12 (15.58%) C#
5 8 (10.39%) Java
6 7 (9.09%) JavaScript
7 5 (6.49%) Scala
7 5 (6.49%) SPARQL
8 4 (5.19%) Bash Shell
8 4 (5.19%) C++
8 4 (5.19%) Shell Script
9 3 (3.90%) ES6
9 3 (3.90%) VBA
10 2 (2.60%) AWK
10 2 (2.60%) sed
11 1 (1.30%) C
11 1 (1.30%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 15 (19.48%) Degree
2 7 (9.09%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (3.90%) PhD
4 2 (2.60%) Master's Degree
4 2 (2.60%) Microsoft Certification
4 2 (2.60%) Postgraduate
5 1 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (1.30%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (1.30%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (11.69%) QA
2 1 (1.30%) Data Quality
2 1 (1.30%) GDPR
System Software
1 4 (5.19%) Docker
2 3 (3.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 3 (3.90%) etcd
2 3 (3.90%) Varnish
3 2 (2.60%) Apache Flume
3 2 (2.60%) Firmware
3 2 (2.60%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 5 (6.49%) Terraform
2 4 (5.19%) Ansible
2 4 (5.19%) Oozie
3 3 (3.90%) Consul
4 2 (2.60%) Hadoop YARN
4 2 (2.60%) logstash
4 2 (2.60%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (2.60%) Puppet
5 1 (1.30%) Kibana
Vendors
1 5 (6.49%) IBM
1 5 (6.49%) Tableau
2 4 (5.19%) Microsoft
2 4 (5.19%) VMware
3 3 (3.90%) Google
3 3 (3.90%) iManage
4 1 (1.30%) Alteryx
4 1 (1.30%) Capita
4 1 (1.30%) Hortonworks
4 1 (1.30%) Teradata
4 1 (1.30%) Xamarin