Period
to 22 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 22 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 149 180 221
Rank change year-on-year +31 +41 +48
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 99 51 11
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.39% 0.83% 0.16%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.59% 0.95% 0.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 78 41 10
City of London median daily rate £550 £525 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +7.32%
10th Percentile £407 £425 £308
90th Percentile £738 £688 £628
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
City of London median hourly rate - £17.25 -
Central London median hourly rate - £17.25 -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,238 5,346 5,772
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.81% 87.03% 86.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,966 4,249 4,616
City of London median daily rate £504 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £334 £313 £293
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 51 59
City of London median hourly rate £19.10 £20.75 £21.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.95% -1.80% +10.43%
10th Percentile £11.63 £13.74 £11.93
90th Percentile £41.65 £55.00 £51.90
Central London median hourly rate £20.75 £20.21 £21.13
% change year-on-year +2.67% -4.35% +17.39%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 6 - -
London Bridge - 2 £450 -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 22 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 61 (61.62%) Python
2 38 (38.38%) Agile Software Development
3 37 (37.37%) Analytics
4 29 (29.29%) Apache Spark
5 28 (28.28%) Java
5 28 (28.28%) Big Data
6 26 (26.26%) Finance
7 25 (25.25%) Hadoop
7 25 (25.25%) Analytical Skills
8 24 (24.24%) Data Science
9 23 (23.23%) Amazon AWS
10 20 (20.20%) Algorithms
11 19 (19.19%) NoSQL
11 19 (19.19%) R
11 19 (19.19%) SQL
11 19 (19.19%) Banking
12 18 (18.18%) Docker
13 17 (17.17%) Artificial Intelligence
13 17 (17.17%) Visualisation
13 17 (17.17%) Apache Cassandra
14 16 (16.16%) Scala
14 16 (16.16%) Microsoft Azure
14 16 (16.16%) Data Mining
15 15 (15.15%) Apache Hive
15 15 (15.15%) Kafka
15 15 (15.15%) Jenkins
16 14 (14.14%) JavaScript
17 13 (13.13%) Investment Banking
17 13 (13.13%) Use Case
18 12 (12.12%) Continuous Integration

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (29.29%) Apache Spark
2 10 (10.10%) Apache
3 7 (7.07%) Apache Pig
4 5 (5.05%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (3.03%) Confluence
6 2 (2.02%) IPython
6 2 (2.02%) Jupyter
6 2 (2.02%) OpenStack
6 2 (2.02%) Tornado
7 1 (1.01%) Apache Solr
7 1 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (1.01%) Ethereum
7 1 (1.01%) Hyperledger
7 1 (1.01%) nginx
7 1 (1.01%) SAS
Applications
1 4 (4.04%) SPSS
2 2 (2.02%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (2.02%) Weka
3 1 (1.01%) Chatbot
3 1 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (1.01%) Distributed Ledger
1 1 (1.01%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 23 (23.23%) Amazon AWS
2 16 (16.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (7.07%) Amazon Kinesis
4 6 (6.06%) AWS CloudFormation
5 5 (5.05%) Google Cloud Platform
5 5 (5.05%) Serverless
6 3 (3.03%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
6 3 (3.03%) AWS Lambda
7 2 (2.02%) GitHub
8 1 (1.01%) Azure Data Factory
8 1 (1.01%) Azure Machine Learning
8 1 (1.01%) Dialogflow
8 1 (1.01%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 2 (2.02%) Internet
2 1 (1.01%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (28.28%) Big Data
2 25 (25.25%) Hadoop
3 19 (19.19%) NoSQL
4 17 (17.17%) Apache Cassandra
5 16 (16.16%) Data Mining
6 15 (15.15%) Apache Hive
7 12 (12.12%) MongoDB
8 9 (9.09%) Relational Database
9 8 (8.08%) Data Warehouse
10 7 (7.07%) Amazon Redshift
11 6 (6.06%) SQL Server
12 5 (5.05%) Data Lake
12 5 (5.05%) PostgreSQL
12 5 (5.05%) RDBMS
12 5 (5.05%) Redis
12 5 (5.05%) Sqoop
13 4 (4.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 4 (4.04%) Blockchain
13 4 (4.04%) HBase
13 4 (4.04%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 15 (15.15%) Jenkins
2 12 (12.12%) Git (software)
3 7 (7.07%) TeamCity
4 5 (5.05%) JUnit
5 3 (3.03%) Babel
5 3 (3.03%) Grunt
5 3 (3.03%) gulp
5 3 (3.03%) Team Foundation Server
5 3 (3.03%) webpack
6 2 (2.02%) CircleCI
6 2 (2.02%) GoCD
6 2 (2.02%) Jasmine
6 2 (2.02%) JIRA
6 2 (2.02%) Mocha
6 2 (2.02%) Octopus Deploy
6 2 (2.02%) Vagrant
6 2 (2.02%) Visual Studio
7 1 (1.01%) Liquibase
7 1 (1.01%) Selenium
7 1 (1.01%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 26 (26.26%) Finance
2 19 (19.19%) Banking
3 13 (13.13%) Investment Banking
4 12 (12.12%) Front Office
5 11 (11.11%) Retail
6 6 (6.06%) Law
6 6 (6.06%) Legal
7 4 (4.04%) Advertising
8 3 (3.03%) Retail Banking
9 2 (2.02%) Marketing
9 2 (2.02%) Telecoms
10 1 (1.01%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 34 (34.34%) Developer
2 18 (18.18%) Data Engineer
3 16 (16.16%) Python Developer
4 13 (13.13%) Data Scientist
5 12 (12.12%) Machine Learning Developer
6 8 (8.08%) Architect
7 7 (7.07%) Analyst
8 6 (6.06%) .NET Developer
9 5 (5.05%) DevOps Engineer
9 5 (5.05%) Java Developer
10 4 (4.04%) Apache Spark Developer
10 4 (4.04%) Big Data Engineer
10 4 (4.04%) Business Analyst
10 4 (4.04%) Cassandra Developer
10 4 (4.04%) Legal Analyst
11 3 (3.03%) ASP.NET Developer
11 3 (3.03%) AWS Architect
11 3 (3.03%) AWS Developer
11 3 (3.03%) Big Data Developer
11 3 (3.03%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (15.15%) Kafka
2 11 (11.11%) Natural Language Processing
3 9 (9.09%) TensorFlow
4 8 (8.08%) React
5 7 (7.07%) .NET
5 7 (7.07%) scikit-learn
6 6 (6.06%) Keras
6 6 (6.06%) Node.js
6 6 (6.06%) Redux
6 6 (6.06%) Web Services
7 5 (5.05%) MLlib
7 5 (5.05%) Pandas
7 5 (5.05%) WPF
8 4 (4.04%) ASP.NET
8 4 (4.04%) Flask
8 4 (4.04%) HTML
8 4 (4.04%) Lucene
8 4 (4.04%) Matplotlib
8 4 (4.04%) RabbitMQ
8 4 (4.04%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 25 (25.25%) Analytical Skills
2 20 (20.20%) Algorithms
3 11 (11.11%) Robotics
4 7 (7.07%) Mobile App
5 6 (6.06%) Data Structures
6 5 (5.05%) Fintech
7 4 (4.04%) Computer Science
7 4 (4.04%) User Experience
8 2 (2.02%) Blog
8 2 (2.02%) Data Centre
8 2 (2.02%) Greenfield Project
8 2 (2.02%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (2.02%) Tandem
8 2 (2.02%) Virtual Team
9 1 (1.01%) Derivative
9 1 (1.01%) Internet of Things
9 1 (1.01%) Life Science
9 1 (1.01%) N-Tier
9 1 (1.01%) Social Network
9 1 (1.01%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 10 (10.10%) Linux
2 7 (7.07%) Unix
3 3 (3.03%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (38.38%) Agile Software Development
2 37 (37.37%) Analytics
3 24 (24.24%) Data Science
4 17 (17.17%) Artificial Intelligence
4 17 (17.17%) Visualisation
5 13 (13.13%) Use Case
6 12 (12.12%) Continuous Integration
6 12 (12.12%) DevOps
6 12 (12.12%) Software Engineering
7 10 (10.10%) Data Engineering
7 10 (10.10%) Deep Learning
8 9 (9.09%) Data Analysis
8 9 (9.09%) Mathematics
8 9 (9.09%) Predictive Analytics
9 8 (8.08%) Business Intelligence
9 8 (8.08%) Data Analytics
9 8 (8.08%) Data Visualisation
10 7 (7.07%) User Stories
10 7 (7.07%) Workflow
11 6 (6.06%) Predictive Modelling
Programming Languages
1 61 (61.62%) Python
2 28 (28.28%) Java
3 19 (19.19%) R
3 19 (19.19%) SQL
4 16 (16.16%) Scala
5 14 (14.14%) JavaScript
6 12 (12.12%) C#
7 11 (11.11%) Shell Script
8 6 (6.06%) Bash Shell
8 6 (6.06%) ES6
9 5 (5.05%) C++
10 4 (4.04%) Go
10 4 (4.04%) MATLAB
11 2 (2.02%) AWK
11 2 (2.02%) sed
12 1 (1.01%) Clojure
12 1 (1.01%) Erlang
12 1 (1.01%) F#
12 1 (1.01%) Julia
12 1 (1.01%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 6 (6.06%) Degree
2 2 (2.02%) Master's Degree
2 2 (2.02%) Microsoft Certification
2 2 (2.02%) Numerate Degree
3 1 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (1.01%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (4.04%) QA
2 2 (2.02%) GCP
2 2 (2.02%) MiFID
3 1 (1.01%) GDPR
3 1 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 18 (18.18%) Docker
2 10 (10.10%) Apache Flume
3 8 (8.08%) HDFS
4 3 (3.03%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (3.03%) etcd
4 3 (3.03%) Varnish
5 2 (2.02%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 8 (8.08%) Ansible
2 7 (7.07%) Terraform
3 5 (5.05%) Hadoop YARN
4 4 (4.04%) Kubernetes
4 4 (4.04%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (4.04%) Puppet
5 3 (3.03%) Consul
6 2 (2.02%) logstash
6 2 (2.02%) Oozie
7 1 (1.01%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (1.01%) Kibana
Vendors
1 11 (11.11%) Microsoft
2 10 (10.10%) Tableau
3 6 (6.06%) Hortonworks
4 5 (5.05%) Cloudera
4 5 (5.05%) MapR
5 4 (4.04%) Google
5 4 (4.04%) IBM
5 4 (4.04%) iManage
6 3 (3.03%) DevExpress
7 2 (2.02%) Alteryx
7 2 (2.02%) Capita
8 1 (1.01%) Greenplum
8 1 (1.01%) Netezza
8 1 (1.01%) Oracle
8 1 (1.01%) Sybase
8 1 (1.01%) Talend
8 1 (1.01%) Telerik