Period
to 26 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 26 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
26 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 115 185 213
Rank change year-on-year +70 +28 +66
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 152 61 19
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 2.17% 0.89% 0.28%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.52% 1.00% 0.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 117 52 14
City of London median daily rate £550 £600 £524
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.33% +14.56% -8.91%
10th Percentile £433 £421 £388
90th Percentile £734 £738 £681
Central London median daily rate £550 £595 £500
% change year-on-year -7.56% +19.00% -13.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
City of London median hourly rate - - £17.25
Central London median hourly rate - - £17.25

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,034 6,074 5,868
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 86.32% 88.97% 87.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,816 4,747 4,720
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 103 54 47
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £19.35 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.36% -3.25% -4.76%
10th Percentile £13.05 £13.31 £11.25
90th Percentile £33.00 £31.28 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £19.00
% change year-on-year - -1.58% -7.32%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 26 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 9 £550 -
Moorgate - 2 - -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 26 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 90 (59.21%) Python
2 80 (52.63%) Data Science
3 66 (43.42%) Finance
4 59 (38.82%) Agile Software Development
5 48 (31.58%) Big Data
5 48 (31.58%) Apache Spark
6 46 (30.26%) Artificial Intelligence
7 44 (28.95%) Hadoop
8 43 (28.29%) Algorithms
9 38 (25.00%) SQL
10 37 (24.34%) Java
11 33 (21.71%) Analytics
12 31 (20.39%) Amazon AWS
13 26 (17.11%) Mathematics
14 24 (15.79%) Banking
14 24 (15.79%) Kafka
15 23 (15.13%) Scala
16 21 (13.82%) Apache Hive
16 21 (13.82%) NoSQL
16 21 (13.82%) R
17 20 (13.16%) Natural Language Processing
17 20 (13.16%) Data Mining
17 20 (13.16%) Problem-Solving
18 19 (12.50%) Analytical Skills
18 19 (12.50%) Degree
19 18 (11.84%) Software Engineering
19 18 (11.84%) TensorFlow
20 17 (11.18%) JavaScript
21 15 (9.87%) Scrum
21 15 (9.87%) scikit-learn

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (31.58%) Apache Spark
2 8 (5.26%) Elasticsearch
3 5 (3.29%) Apache
3 5 (3.29%) Apache Airflow
3 5 (3.29%) Cloud Foundry
4 4 (2.63%) Jupyter
4 4 (2.63%) Luigi
4 4 (2.63%) SAS
5 3 (1.97%) Apache Pig
6 2 (1.32%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
1 2 (1.32%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.66%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 31 (20.39%) Amazon AWS
2 13 (8.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (4.61%) Google Cloud Platform
4 3 (1.97%) Amazon EMR
5 2 (1.32%) GitHub
6 1 (0.66%) Amazon Kinesis
6 1 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
6 1 (0.66%) AWS CodePipeline
6 1 (0.66%) Azure Data Factory
6 1 (0.66%) Azure Machine Learning
6 1 (0.66%) Data Lake Analytics
6 1 (0.66%) Slack
6 1 (0.66%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.97%) SMS
2 1 (0.66%) Firewall
2 1 (0.66%) Internet
2 1 (0.66%) LAN
2 1 (0.66%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (31.58%) Big Data
2 44 (28.95%) Hadoop
3 21 (13.82%) Apache Hive
3 21 (13.82%) NoSQL
4 20 (13.16%) Data Mining
5 14 (9.21%) MongoDB
6 13 (8.55%) Apache Cassandra
6 13 (8.55%) Data Warehouse
7 12 (7.89%) HBase
8 10 (6.58%) OLAP
9 9 (5.92%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
9 9 (5.92%) OLAP Cube
9 9 (5.92%) Star Schema
10 8 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
11 5 (3.29%) Relational Database
12 4 (2.63%) Amazon Redshift
12 4 (2.63%) MySQL
12 4 (2.63%) Redis
12 4 (2.63%) Sqoop
13 3 (1.97%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 14 (9.21%) Git (software)
2 7 (4.61%) Jenkins
3 4 (2.63%) JIRA
4 3 (1.97%) GitLab
5 2 (1.32%) Babel
5 2 (1.32%) Maven
5 2 (1.32%) Mocha
5 2 (1.32%) Robot Framework
5 2 (1.32%) Subversion
5 2 (1.32%) Visual Studio
5 2 (1.32%) Visual Studio Team System
5 2 (1.32%) webpack
6 1 (0.66%) CircleCI
6 1 (0.66%) Grunt
6 1 (0.66%) Jasmine
6 1 (0.66%) JSUnit
6 1 (0.66%) RSpec
6 1 (0.66%) Selenium
6 1 (0.66%) SpecFlow
6 1 (0.66%) WebDriver
General
1 66 (43.42%) Finance
2 24 (15.79%) Banking
3 12 (7.89%) Front Office
4 11 (7.24%) Investment Banking
5 8 (5.26%) Retail
6 7 (4.61%) Marketing
7 6 (3.95%) Advertising
7 6 (3.95%) Games
8 2 (1.32%) Law
8 2 (1.32%) Legal
8 2 (1.32%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.66%) Electronics
9 1 (0.66%) Retail Banking
9 1 (0.66%) Retail Finance
9 1 (0.66%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 54 (35.53%) Developer
2 38 (25.00%) Data Scientist
3 27 (17.76%) Data Engineer
4 26 (17.11%) Python Developer
5 14 (9.21%) Machine Learning Developer
6 13 (8.55%) Big Data Engineer
7 9 (5.92%) Hadoop Engineer
7 9 (5.92%) Java Developer
7 9 (5.92%) Senior Data Scientist
8 7 (4.61%) Analyst
8 7 (4.61%) AWS Developer
8 7 (4.61%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 7 (4.61%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 7 (4.61%) Python Engineer
9 6 (3.95%) Project Manager
10 4 (2.63%) Architect
10 4 (2.63%) AWS Engineer
10 4 (2.63%) JavaScript Developer
10 4 (2.63%) Senior Developer
10 4 (2.63%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (15.79%) Kafka
2 20 (13.16%) Natural Language Processing
3 18 (11.84%) TensorFlow
4 15 (9.87%) scikit-learn
5 11 (7.24%) Django
6 10 (6.58%) HTML
6 10 (6.58%) NumPy
6 10 (6.58%) Pandas
6 10 (6.58%) React
7 8 (5.26%) Node.js
7 8 (5.26%) REST
8 7 (4.61%) CSS
8 7 (4.61%) SciPy
9 6 (3.95%) Flask
10 5 (3.29%) Keras
10 5 (3.29%) Redux
10 5 (3.29%) Ruby on Rails
11 4 (2.63%) PySpark
11 4 (2.63%) RabbitMQ
12 3 (1.97%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 43 (28.29%) Algorithms
2 19 (12.50%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (7.89%) Computer Science
4 10 (6.58%) Robotics
5 6 (3.95%) Fintech
6 5 (3.29%) Data Structures
6 5 (3.29%) Equities
6 5 (3.29%) iPad
6 5 (3.29%) Mobile App
6 5 (3.29%) NHS
7 4 (2.63%) Fixed Income
7 4 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (2.63%) User Experience
8 3 (1.97%) Greenfield Project
8 3 (1.97%) Social Media
8 3 (1.97%) Tandem
9 2 (1.32%) Derivative
9 2 (1.32%) Virtual Team
10 1 (0.66%) Internet of Things
10 1 (0.66%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 5 (3.29%) Linux
2 2 (1.32%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 80 (52.63%) Data Science
2 59 (38.82%) Agile Software Development
3 46 (30.26%) Artificial Intelligence
4 33 (21.71%) Analytics
5 26 (17.11%) Mathematics
6 20 (13.16%) Problem-Solving
7 18 (11.84%) Software Engineering
8 15 (9.87%) Scrum
9 14 (9.21%) Data Modelling
9 14 (9.21%) Deep Learning
9 14 (9.21%) Prototyping
9 14 (9.21%) TDD
10 13 (8.55%) E-Commerce
11 11 (7.24%) Continuous Integration
11 11 (7.24%) Open Source
11 11 (7.24%) Predictive Modelling
11 11 (7.24%) Statistics
11 11 (7.24%) Visualisation
12 10 (6.58%) Applied Mathematics
12 10 (6.58%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 90 (59.21%) Python
2 38 (25.00%) SQL
3 37 (24.34%) Java
4 23 (15.13%) Scala
5 21 (13.82%) R
6 17 (11.18%) JavaScript
7 8 (5.26%) C#
8 7 (4.61%) MATLAB
9 6 (3.95%) Bash Shell
10 5 (3.29%) Ruby
11 4 (2.63%) C++
11 4 (2.63%) ES6
12 2 (1.32%) C
12 2 (1.32%) Cypher
12 2 (1.32%) Julia
12 2 (1.32%) PL/SQL
13 1 (0.66%) Go
13 1 (0.66%) Java 8
13 1 (0.66%) PHP
13 1 (0.66%) U-SQL
Qualifications
1 19 (12.50%) Degree
2 13 (8.55%) PhD
3 3 (1.97%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (1.97%) Numerate Degree
4 1 (0.66%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (7.89%) Data Quality
2 11 (7.24%) QA
3 3 (1.97%) SLA
4 1 (0.66%) Actionable Recommendations
System Software
1 12 (7.89%) Docker
2 4 (2.63%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.66%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.66%) etcd
3 1 (0.66%) HDFS
3 1 (0.66%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 9 (5.92%) Oozie
2 7 (4.61%) Kubernetes
3 4 (2.63%) Ansible
4 2 (1.32%) Terraform
5 1 (0.66%) Consul
5 1 (0.66%) Kibana
5 1 (0.66%) Puppet
5 1 (0.66%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 9 (5.92%) Microsoft
2 8 (5.26%) Oracle
3 7 (4.61%) Google
4 5 (3.29%) Hortonworks
5 3 (1.97%) Tableau
6 2 (1.32%) Informatica
6 2 (1.32%) Sybase
6 2 (1.32%) Talend
6 2 (1.32%) TIBCO
7 1 (0.66%) Casewise
7 1 (0.66%) DevExpress
7 1 (0.66%) MapR
7 1 (0.66%) Splunk