Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 19 21 24
Rank change year-on-year +2 +3 +1
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 7,309 13,582 14,801
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 10.08% 9.99% 8.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.92% 10.84% 9.62%
Number of salaries quoted 6,545 11,056 12,212
Median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +7.14%
10th Percentile £36,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +10.53%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 66,954 125,307 153,913
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.30% 92.17% 92.15%
Number of salaries quoted 54,004 99,466 124,634
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,000 £30,000 £29,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 3,237 £75,000 +7.14% 354
South East +1 1,454 £55,000 +10.00% 171
North of England +1 1,158 £50,000 +5.26% 194
South West -3 633 £50,000 +8.11% 92
North West 0 550 £55,000 +10.00% 119
Midlands +5 526 £47,500 - 85
Yorkshire +8 486 £50,000 +11.11% 63
West Midlands +4 307 £47,500 -5.00% 55
East of England -3 300 £50,000 -9.09% 117
East Midlands +12 219 £50,000 +11.11% 29
North East +12 122 £45,000 +1.12% 12
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 3,552 (48.60%) Agile Software Development
2 2,700 (36.94%) Java
3 2,643 (36.16%) JavaScript
4 2,150 (29.42%) C#
5 2,096 (28.68%) Python
6 1,872 (25.61%) AWS
7 1,706 (23.34%) .NET
8 1,535 (21.00%) DevOps
9 1,475 (20.18%) Finance
10 1,409 (19.28%) Azure
11 1,383 (18.92%) Microservices
12 1,379 (18.87%) SQL
13 1,367 (18.70%) Docker
14 1,300 (17.79%) TDD
15 1,276 (17.46%) Degree
16 1,272 (17.40%) AngularJS
17 1,268 (17.35%) React
18 1,266 (17.32%) C++
19 1,062 (14.53%) Scrum
20 1,015 (13.89%) HTML
21 1,013 (13.86%) Node.js
22 1,008 (13.79%) Linux
23 1,002 (13.71%) Computer Science
24 964 (13.19%) Git (software)
25 947 (12.96%) Kubernetes
26 919 (12.57%) CSS
27 889 (12.16%) Test Automation
28 856 (11.71%) Web Services
29 799 (10.93%) Problem-Solving
30 739 (10.11%) SQL Server

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 221 (3.02%) Confluence
2 171 (2.34%) Elasticsearch
3 170 (2.33%) Apache Spark
4 144 (1.97%) Apache
5 86 (1.18%) CMS
6 73 (1.00%) Tomcat
7 67 (0.92%) IIS
8 46 (0.63%) WebSphere
9 38 (0.52%) SAS
10 26 (0.36%) nginx
11 25 (0.34%) OpenStack
12 22 (0.30%) CICS
13 19 (0.26%) WordPress
14 16 (0.22%) Apache Solr
14 16 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
14 16 (0.22%) SharePoint
15 15 (0.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 13 (0.18%) JBoss
16 13 (0.18%) Sitecore CMS
17 11 (0.15%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 37 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (0.44%) Chatbot
3 25 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.16%) Simulink
5 11 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.15%) Photoshop
6 8 (0.11%) Sketch
7 7 (0.096%) TargetLink
8 6 (0.082%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.082%) Zeplin
9 5 (0.068%) SOLIDWORKS
10 4 (0.055%) EPLAN
10 4 (0.055%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 3 (0.041%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.041%) Windchill
12 2 (0.027%) Adobe Premiere
13 1 (0.014%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.014%) CATIA
13 1 (0.014%) InVision
13 1 (0.014%) PTC Creo
Business Applications
1 55 (0.75%) FINCAD Analytics
2 20 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
3 18 (0.25%) R3 Corda
4 11 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 11 (0.15%) Magento
5 9 (0.12%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 7 (0.096%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.068%) OpenCart
8 4 (0.055%) Infor M3
8 4 (0.055%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.055%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 2 (0.027%) Elite 3E
9 2 (0.027%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.027%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.027%) SAP BPC
9 2 (0.027%) SAP CRM
9 2 (0.027%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.027%) Tesseract
10 1 (0.014%) Oracle EBS R12
10 1 (0.014%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 1,872 (25.61%) AWS
2 1,409 (19.28%) Azure
3 549 (7.51%) GCP
4 362 (4.95%) SaaS
5 344 (4.71%) Serverless
6 223 (3.05%) AWS Lambda
7 177 (2.42%) GitHub
8 127 (1.74%) Cloud Computing
9 125 (1.71%) Amazon ECS
10 100 (1.37%) Amazon EC2
11 91 (1.25%) PaaS
12 79 (1.08%) OpenShift
13 68 (0.93%) Amazon S3
14 56 (0.77%) Power Platform
15 54 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
16 51 (0.70%) IaaS
17 50 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
18 45 (0.62%) npm
19 37 (0.51%) Apigee
20 35 (0.48%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 153 (2.09%) TCP/IP
2 108 (1.48%) Internet
3 86 (1.18%) HTTP
4 73 (1.00%) Wireless
5 68 (0.93%) Firewall
6 48 (0.66%) Bluetooth
7 38 (0.52%) MQTT
8 36 (0.49%) Wireshark
9 34 (0.47%) Skype
10 33 (0.45%) DNS
11 31 (0.42%) Ethernet
12 29 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
13 26 (0.36%) RS-232
14 25 (0.34%) RS-485
15 18 (0.25%) LTE
15 18 (0.25%) VPN
16 17 (0.23%) SSL
16 17 (0.23%) VoIP
17 16 (0.22%) Broadband
18 14 (0.19%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 739 (10.11%) SQL Server
2 584 (7.99%) NoSQL
3 469 (6.42%) PostgreSQL
4 458 (6.27%) MySQL
5 418 (5.72%) MongoDB
6 347 (4.75%) Big Data
7 338 (4.62%) Relational Database
8 244 (3.34%) Redis
9 234 (3.20%) Hadoop
10 176 (2.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 122 (1.67%) Data Warehouse
12 103 (1.41%) Amazon Redshift
13 88 (1.20%) Apache Cassandra
14 87 (1.19%) RDBMS
15 81 (1.11%) Amazon Athena
16 72 (0.99%) Blockchain
17 69 (0.94%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 57 (0.78%) Microsoft Analysis Services
19 53 (0.73%) Neo4j
19 53 (0.73%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 964 (13.19%) Git (software)
2 608 (8.32%) Jenkins
3 486 (6.65%) JIRA
4 183 (2.50%) Selenium
5 182 (2.49%) Maven
6 168 (2.30%) JUnit
7 163 (2.23%) Visual Studio
8 154 (2.11%) Subversion
9 133 (1.82%) Cucumber
10 124 (1.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 114 (1.56%) Bitbucket
12 105 (1.44%) TeamCity
13 92 (1.26%) webpack
14 90 (1.23%) GitLab
15 82 (1.12%) NUnit
16 77 (1.05%) Eclipse
17 74 (1.01%) Octopus Deploy
18 60 (0.82%) Mocha
18 60 (0.82%) SpecFlow
19 56 (0.77%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,475 (20.18%) Finance
2 542 (7.42%) Banking
3 403 (5.51%) Front Office
4 302 (4.13%) Retail
5 178 (2.44%) Games
6 175 (2.39%) Marketing
7 169 (2.31%) Electronics
8 158 (2.16%) Public Sector
9 155 (2.12%) Manufacturing
10 142 (1.94%) Investment Banking
11 132 (1.81%) Telecoms
12 130 (1.78%) Aerospace
13 120 (1.64%) Law
14 111 (1.52%) Automotive
15 71 (0.97%) Military
16 63 (0.86%) Back Office
17 44 (0.60%) Advertising
18 37 (0.51%) Publishing
19 33 (0.45%) Financial Institution
20 26 (0.36%) Legal
Job Titles
1 3,155 (43.17%) Software Engineer
2 2,513 (34.38%) Developer
3 770 (10.53%) Senior Software Engineer
4 601 (8.22%) Java Developer
5 578 (7.91%) Java Engineer
6 481 (6.58%) Java Software Engineer
7 472 (6.46%) Software Developer
8 431 (5.90%) Senior Developer
9 410 (5.61%) .NET Developer
10 391 (5.35%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 386 (5.28%) C# Developer
12 340 (4.65%) Python Engineer
13 322 (4.41%) C# Software Engineer
14 292 (4.00%) AWS Engineer
15 282 (3.86%) Python Developer
16 272 (3.72%) C++ Software Engineer
17 270 (3.69%) .NET Software Engineer
18 261 (3.57%) Embedded Engineer
19 254 (3.48%) Architect
20 252 (3.45%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,706 (23.34%) .NET
2 1,272 (17.40%) AngularJS
3 1,268 (17.35%) React
4 1,015 (13.89%) HTML
5 1,013 (13.86%) Node.js
6 919 (12.57%) CSS
7 856 (11.71%) Web Services
8 627 (8.58%) .NET Core
9 586 (8.02%) Spring
10 574 (7.85%) ASP.NET
11 561 (7.68%) REST
12 559 (7.65%) RESTful
13 505 (6.91%) Vue.js
14 416 (5.69%) .NET Framework
15 387 (5.29%) HTML5
16 292 (4.00%) Kafka
17 270 (3.69%) Spring Boot
18 265 (3.63%) Redux
19 257 (3.52%) ASP.NET Web API
20 234 (3.20%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 566 (7.74%) Greenfield Project
2 423 (5.79%) User Experience
3 415 (5.68%) Analytical Skills
4 409 (5.60%) Hedge funds
5 402 (5.50%) Algorithms
6 333 (4.56%) Derivative
7 286 (3.91%) Fixed Income
8 263 (3.60%) Mobile App
9 198 (2.71%) Data Structures
10 196 (2.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 188 (2.57%) Equities
12 150 (2.05%) Cloud Native
13 136 (1.86%) Self-Motivation
14 129 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
15 127 (1.74%) Embedded Systems
16 103 (1.41%) Public Cloud
17 82 (1.12%) Management Information System
18 74 (1.01%) Virtual Team
19 70 (0.96%) Blog
20 69 (0.94%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 1,008 (13.79%) Linux
2 579 (7.92%) Windows
3 303 (4.15%) Android
4 283 (3.87%) Apple iOS
5 244 (3.34%) Unix
6 66 (0.90%) Embedded Linux
7 55 (0.75%) CentOS
8 50 (0.68%) Mac OS X
9 48 (0.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 43 (0.59%) Windows Server
11 32 (0.44%) Ubuntu
12 13 (0.18%) VxWorks
13 11 (0.15%) Robot Operating System
14 9 (0.12%) FreeRTOS
15 7 (0.096%) Debian
15 7 (0.096%) Fedora
15 7 (0.096%) SafeRTOS
15 7 (0.096%) Solaris
15 7 (0.096%) VMS
16 6 (0.082%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,552 (48.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,535 (21.00%) DevOps
3 1,383 (18.92%) Microservices
4 1,300 (17.79%) TDD
5 1,062 (14.53%) Scrum
6 1,002 (13.71%) Computer Science
7 889 (12.16%) Test Automation
8 799 (10.93%) Problem-Solving
9 717 (9.81%) OO
10 705 (9.65%) Continuous Integration
11 653 (8.93%) Fintech
12 643 (8.80%) Mentoring
13 609 (8.33%) SDLC
14 583 (7.98%) MVC
15 558 (7.63%) Artificial Intelligence
16 553 (7.57%) BDD
17 516 (7.06%) Machine Learning
18 504 (6.90%) Mathematics
19 487 (6.66%) Unit Testing
20 486 (6.65%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,700 (36.94%) Java
2 2,643 (36.16%) JavaScript
3 2,150 (29.42%) C#
4 2,096 (28.68%) Python
5 1,379 (18.87%) SQL
6 1,266 (17.32%) C++
7 730 (9.99%) C
8 445 (6.09%) TypeScript
9 393 (5.38%) PHP
10 361 (4.94%) Go
11 324 (4.43%) Java 8
12 321 (4.39%) Scala
13 267 (3.65%) Kotlin
14 252 (3.45%) Ruby
15 171 (2.34%) R
16 150 (2.05%) Bash Shell
17 142 (1.94%) T-SQL
18 125 (1.71%) Embedded C
19 108 (1.48%) PowerShell
20 92 (1.26%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 1,276 (17.46%) Degree
2 533 (7.29%) Computer Science Degree
3 308 (4.21%) Security Cleared
4 143 (1.96%) DV Cleared
5 135 (1.85%) SC Cleared
6 78 (1.07%) Master's Degree
7 72 (0.99%) PhD
8 47 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
9 41 (0.56%) AWS Certification
10 22 (0.30%) ISTQB
11 20 (0.27%) HND
12 14 (0.19%) MCP
13 13 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
13 13 (0.18%) PMI Certification
14 12 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
15 11 (0.15%) DBS Check
15 11 (0.15%) ISEB
15 11 (0.15%) PMP
16 10 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
17 9 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 462 (6.32%) QA
2 32 (0.44%) GDPR
3 24 (0.33%) Data Quality
4 22 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 18 (0.25%) MISRA
6 17 (0.23%) IEC 61508
6 17 (0.23%) ISO 26262
7 15 (0.21%) PCI DSS
8 14 (0.19%) ISO 9001
9 13 (0.18%) MISRA C
10 12 (0.16%) DICOM
11 8 (0.11%) IEC 62304
11 8 (0.11%) NIST
12 7 (0.096%) ISO 15022
12 7 (0.096%) ISO 20022
12 7 (0.096%) PMO
13 6 (0.082%) DO-178B
13 6 (0.082%) NIST 800
14 5 (0.068%) Def Stans
14 5 (0.068%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,367 (18.70%) Docker
2 130 (1.78%) Firmware
3 58 (0.79%) Active Directory
4 41 (0.56%) HDFS
5 37 (0.51%) VirtualBox
6 32 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
7 25 (0.34%) vSphere
8 17 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 12 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
10 9 (0.12%) Hyper-V
11 8 (0.11%) LXC
12 6 (0.082%) Apache Flume
12 6 (0.082%) RACF
13 5 (0.068%) ACF2
13 5 (0.068%) KVM
13 5 (0.068%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 5 (0.068%) VMware ESXi
14 4 (0.055%) ISA Server
14 4 (0.055%) Microsoft App-V
14 4 (0.055%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 947 (12.96%) Kubernetes
2 320 (4.38%) Terraform
3 242 (3.31%) Ansible
4 87 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
5 77 (1.05%) Puppet
6 61 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
7 26 (0.36%) Grafana
7 26 (0.36%) Kibana
8 23 (0.31%) Packer
8 23 (0.31%) Prometheus
9 18 (0.25%) CA Service Virtualization
9 18 (0.25%) Mesos
10 15 (0.21%) Graphite
10 15 (0.21%) SCCM
11 14 (0.19%) Marathon
12 13 (0.18%) BMC PATROL
12 13 (0.18%) Consul
13 11 (0.15%) Nagios
13 11 (0.15%) WSUS
14 10 (0.14%) SCOM
Vendors
1 481 (6.58%) Microsoft
2 396 (5.42%) Google
3 353 (4.83%) Oracle
4 80 (1.09%) IBM
5 75 (1.03%) Atlassian
6 63 (0.86%) Bloomberg
7 61 (0.83%) Red Hat
8 58 (0.79%) Cloudera
9 53 (0.73%) SAP
10 50 (0.68%) Informatica
11 49 (0.67%) VMware
12 37 (0.51%) Salesforce.com
13 35 (0.48%) Apple
13 35 (0.48%) Talend
13 35 (0.48%) Xamarin
14 34 (0.47%) Zend
15 32 (0.44%) Adobe
16 31 (0.42%) Hortonworks
17 30 (0.41%) MuleSoft
18 25 (0.34%) TIBCO