Period
to 25 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
25 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 14 21 20
Rank change year-on-year +7 -1 +2
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 7,303 10,945 13,951
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 10.98% 9.60% 9.99%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.85% 10.43% 10.82%
Number of salaries quoted 7,356 9,607 11,741
Median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,875 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 61,640 104,988 128,978
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.66% 92.04% 92.34%
Number of salaries quoted 49,301 84,954 104,280
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,000 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,053 £52,500
% change year-on-year +3.67% +1.05% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 25 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 3,443 £75,000 - 821
North of England +6 1,201 £52,500 +5.00% 394
South East 0 1,125 £55,000 +10.00% 368
South West -7 642 £50,750 +12.78% 213
North West +8 572 £55,000 +4.76% 203
Yorkshire +4 520 £52,500 +5.00% 146
Midlands +8 511 £50,000 +5.26% 200
West Midlands +8 291 £52,500 +10.53% 127
East of England +4 275 £57,500 +15.00% 205
East Midlands +12 219 £50,000 - 72
North East -1 109 £51,250 +7.89% 45
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 25 February 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 3,567 (48.84%) Agile Software Development
2 2,681 (36.71%) JavaScript
3 2,402 (32.89%) Java
4 2,350 (32.18%) Python
5 2,270 (31.08%) AWS
6 2,127 (29.13%) C#
7 1,809 (24.77%) .NET
8 1,790 (24.51%) Docker
9 1,666 (22.81%) DevOps
10 1,663 (22.77%) Azure
11 1,634 (22.37%) SQL
12 1,583 (21.68%) Finance
13 1,565 (21.43%) React
14 1,536 (21.03%) Microservices
15 1,383 (18.94%) Kubernetes
16 1,275 (17.46%) TDD
17 1,204 (16.49%) AngularJS
18 1,143 (15.65%) Degree
19 1,086 (14.87%) C++
20 1,017 (13.93%) Linux
21 1,012 (13.86%) Scrum
22 1,007 (13.79%) Node.js
23 960 (13.15%) Computer Science
24 911 (12.47%) .NET Core
25 841 (11.52%) GCP
26 834 (11.42%) Git (software)
27 830 (11.37%) HTML
28 792 (10.84%) Web Services
29 769 (10.53%) CSS
30 748 (10.24%) Test Automation

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 273 (3.74%) Elasticsearch
2 188 (2.57%) Apache Spark
3 185 (2.53%) Confluence
4 165 (2.26%) Apache
5 74 (1.01%) nginx
6 52 (0.71%) SAS
7 49 (0.67%) CMS
8 35 (0.48%) JBoss
9 30 (0.41%) Tomcat
10 27 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 22 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
11 22 (0.30%) Red Hat Fuse
12 20 (0.27%) Apache ServiceMix
13 19 (0.26%) IIS
13 19 (0.26%) SharePoint
14 18 (0.25%) WebSphere
15 17 (0.23%) Headless CMS
15 17 (0.23%) OpenStack
15 17 (0.23%) Tornado
16 13 (0.18%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 36 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (0.45%) Simulink
3 29 (0.40%) InVision
3 29 (0.40%) Sketch
4 21 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 12 (0.16%) AutoCAD
6 10 (0.14%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.12%) Stateflow
8 6 (0.082%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 6 (0.082%) MS Visio
8 6 (0.082%) Zeplin
9 5 (0.068%) Adobe XD
10 4 (0.055%) Gliffy
11 3 (0.041%) Figma
12 2 (0.027%) Microsoft Project
13 1 (0.014%) Adobe Illustrator
13 1 (0.014%) Photoshop
13 1 (0.014%) Quicktime
13 1 (0.014%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 40 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
3 16 (0.22%) R3 Corda
4 10 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
4 10 (0.14%) Eagle PACE
4 10 (0.14%) Markit EDM
5 9 (0.12%) Shopify
6 8 (0.11%) Magento
7 6 (0.082%) Payment Gateway
8 5 (0.068%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 5 (0.068%) NetSuite
8 5 (0.068%) Sentinel
8 5 (0.068%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 4 (0.055%) Maximo
9 4 (0.055%) SAP Business One
10 3 (0.041%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.027%) Oracle BPM
12 1 (0.014%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
12 1 (0.014%) MoSes
12 1 (0.014%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 2,270 (31.08%) AWS
2 1,663 (22.77%) Azure
3 841 (11.52%) GCP
4 573 (7.85%) Serverless
5 344 (4.71%) SaaS
6 303 (4.15%) AWS Lambda
7 182 (2.49%) Amazon EC2
8 175 (2.40%) GitHub
9 148 (2.03%) AWS CloudFormation
10 142 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
11 139 (1.90%) Amazon S3
12 108 (1.48%) PaaS
13 102 (1.40%) Amazon ECS
14 73 (1.00%) IaaS
15 57 (0.78%) Power Platform
16 48 (0.66%) Dynamics 365
17 44 (0.60%) npm
18 42 (0.58%) Apigee
19 40 (0.55%) Azure Functions
20 37 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 103 (1.41%) Internet
2 74 (1.01%) HTTP
3 68 (0.93%) TCP/IP
4 67 (0.92%) Wireless
5 50 (0.68%) Ethernet
6 44 (0.60%) Bluetooth
7 40 (0.55%) Wi-Fi
8 25 (0.34%) Wireshark
9 21 (0.29%) DNS
10 20 (0.27%) Firewall
10 20 (0.27%) RS-485
10 20 (0.27%) ZigBee
11 19 (0.26%) Network Security
12 16 (0.22%) Software-Defined Radio
13 15 (0.21%) MQTT
13 15 (0.21%) RS-232
14 11 (0.15%) Asterisk PBX
14 11 (0.15%) HTTPS
14 11 (0.15%) VoIP
14 11 (0.15%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 651 (8.91%) NoSQL
2 627 (8.59%) SQL Server
3 463 (6.34%) PostgreSQL
4 428 (5.86%) Big Data
5 353 (4.83%) MySQL
6 335 (4.59%) Relational Database
7 284 (3.89%) MongoDB
8 219 (3.00%) Redis
9 189 (2.59%) Hadoop
10 158 (2.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 92 (1.26%) Apache Hive
12 91 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
13 75 (1.03%) Amazon Redshift
14 72 (0.99%) RDBMS
15 64 (0.88%) Amazon RDS
16 57 (0.78%) Apache Cassandra
16 57 (0.78%) BigQuery
16 57 (0.78%) Power BI
17 55 (0.75%) Blockchain
18 54 (0.74%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 834 (11.42%) Git (software)
2 500 (6.85%) Jenkins
3 349 (4.78%) JIRA
4 275 (3.77%) GitLab
5 170 (2.33%) Visual Studio
6 136 (1.86%) Selenium
7 132 (1.81%) Subversion
8 116 (1.59%) Maven
9 106 (1.45%) JUnit
10 105 (1.44%) webpack
11 99 (1.36%) Mercurial
12 79 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 73 (1.00%) Bitbucket
13 73 (1.00%) Cypress.io
14 67 (0.92%) TeamCity
15 66 (0.90%) Eclipse
16 61 (0.84%) Artifactory
16 61 (0.84%) CircleCI
17 50 (0.68%) Cucumber
18 48 (0.66%) Jasmine
General
1 1,583 (21.68%) Finance
2 422 (5.78%) Front Office
3 268 (3.67%) Electronics
4 262 (3.59%) Banking
5 259 (3.55%) Marketing
6 232 (3.18%) Games
7 222 (3.04%) Public Sector
8 193 (2.64%) Retail
9 185 (2.53%) Manufacturing
10 177 (2.42%) Law
11 142 (1.94%) Telecoms
12 82 (1.12%) Aerospace
13 74 (1.01%) Legal
14 66 (0.90%) Investment Banking
15 64 (0.88%) Automotive
16 54 (0.74%) Advertising
17 53 (0.73%) Financial Institution
18 42 (0.58%) Publishing
19 39 (0.53%) Military
19 39 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,353 (45.91%) Software Engineer
2 2,671 (36.57%) Developer
3 779 (10.67%) Senior Software Engineer
4 615 (8.42%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 522 (7.15%) Java Engineer
6 487 (6.67%) Senior Developer
7 439 (6.01%) Java Software Engineer
8 427 (5.85%) Software Developer
9 421 (5.76%) Java Developer
10 416 (5.70%) C# Developer
11 371 (5.08%) Python Developer
12 370 (5.07%) Python Engineer
13 358 (4.90%) React Developer
14 355 (4.86%) JavaScript Developer
15 353 (4.83%) .NET Developer
16 330 (4.52%) .NET Software Engineer
17 325 (4.45%) Python Software Engineer
18 319 (4.37%) C# Software Engineer
19 286 (3.92%) AWS Engineer
20 275 (3.77%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,809 (24.77%) .NET
2 1,565 (21.43%) React
3 1,204 (16.49%) AngularJS
4 1,007 (13.79%) Node.js
5 911 (12.47%) .NET Core
6 830 (11.37%) HTML
7 792 (10.84%) Web Services
8 769 (10.53%) CSS
9 631 (8.64%) Vue.js
10 580 (7.94%) Kafka
11 541 (7.41%) REST
12 522 (7.15%) Spring
13 449 (6.15%) .NET Framework
14 398 (5.45%) RESTful
15 394 (5.40%) ASP.NET
16 329 (4.50%) Spring Boot
17 322 (4.41%) HTML5
18 264 (3.61%) React Native
19 240 (3.29%) RabbitMQ
20 225 (3.08%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 519 (7.11%) Greenfield Project
2 445 (6.09%) Algorithms
3 367 (5.03%) Hedge funds
4 340 (4.66%) Analytical Skills
5 316 (4.33%) Derivative
6 313 (4.29%) User Experience
7 291 (3.98%) Fixed Income
8 277 (3.79%) Data Structures
9 275 (3.77%) Equities
10 259 (3.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 186 (2.55%) Mobile App
12 161 (2.20%) Cloud Native
13 150 (2.05%) Enterprise Software
14 142 (1.94%) Blog
15 139 (1.90%) Self-Motivation
16 127 (1.74%) Virtual Team
17 105 (1.44%) Management Information System
18 102 (1.40%) Embedded Systems
19 91 (1.25%) Public Cloud
20 77 (1.05%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,017 (13.93%) Linux
2 337 (4.61%) Windows
3 187 (2.56%) Android
4 159 (2.18%) Apple iOS
5 147 (2.01%) Unix
6 57 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 52 (0.71%) Embedded Linux
8 51 (0.70%) CentOS
9 27 (0.37%) Windows Server
10 13 (0.18%) Debian
11 12 (0.16%) VxWorks
12 8 (0.11%) FreeRTOS
12 8 (0.11%) Windows 10
13 7 (0.096%) Ubuntu
14 6 (0.082%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.068%) Windows Server 2016
16 4 (0.055%) Mac OS X
17 3 (0.041%) Fedora
17 3 (0.041%) Solaris
17 3 (0.041%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,567 (48.84%) Agile Software Development
2 1,666 (22.81%) DevOps
3 1,536 (21.03%) Microservices
4 1,275 (17.46%) TDD
5 1,012 (13.86%) Scrum
6 960 (13.15%) Computer Science
7 748 (10.24%) Test Automation
8 690 (9.45%) OO
9 648 (8.87%) Problem-Solving
10 632 (8.65%) Continuous Integration
11 623 (8.53%) Fintech
12 593 (8.12%) Mentoring
13 514 (7.04%) Unit Testing
14 506 (6.93%) Analytics
15 471 (6.45%) Open Source
16 458 (6.27%) SDLC
17 449 (6.15%) Machine Learning
18 447 (6.12%) Asset Management
19 430 (5.89%) Artificial Intelligence
20 415 (5.68%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 2,681 (36.71%) JavaScript
2 2,402 (32.89%) Java
3 2,350 (32.18%) Python
4 2,127 (29.13%) C#
5 1,634 (22.37%) SQL
6 1,086 (14.87%) C++
7 730 (10.00%) TypeScript
8 591 (8.09%) Go
9 530 (7.26%) C
10 311 (4.26%) Kotlin
11 288 (3.94%) Ruby
12 286 (3.92%) Scala
13 253 (3.46%) PHP
14 189 (2.59%) Java 8
15 126 (1.73%) T-SQL
16 122 (1.67%) ES6
17 113 (1.55%) R
18 110 (1.51%) Bash Shell
19 99 (1.36%) Embedded C
20 80 (1.10%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,143 (15.65%) Degree
2 435 (5.96%) Security Cleared
3 412 (5.64%) Computer Science Degree
4 340 (4.66%) SC Cleared
5 101 (1.38%) Numerate Degree
6 79 (1.08%) Master's Degree
6 79 (1.08%) PhD
7 61 (0.84%) DV Cleared
8 34 (0.47%) HNC
9 31 (0.42%) HND
10 28 (0.38%) BPSS Clearance
11 18 (0.25%) ISTQB
12 16 (0.22%) AWS Certification
13 12 (0.16%) OSCP
13 12 (0.16%) SANS
14 10 (0.14%) ISEB
14 10 (0.14%) OSCE
15 9 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
16 8 (0.11%) DBS Check
16 8 (0.11%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 322 (4.41%) QA
2 30 (0.41%) GDPR
2 30 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 24 (0.33%) SLA
4 21 (0.29%) Data Quality
5 19 (0.26%) ISO 9001
6 17 (0.23%) ISO 26262
6 17 (0.23%) MISRA
7 13 (0.18%) WCAG
8 12 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 11 (0.15%) NIST
9 11 (0.15%) PMO
10 9 (0.12%) Def Stans
10 9 (0.12%) IEC 61508
10 9 (0.12%) MISRA C
11 6 (0.082%) IEC 62304
11 6 (0.082%) ISO 13485
12 4 (0.055%) ARP4754
13 2 (0.027%) COBIT
13 2 (0.027%) DO-254
System Software
1 1,790 (24.51%) Docker
2 48 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
3 46 (0.63%) Firmware
4 38 (0.52%) HDFS
5 32 (0.44%) VirtualBox
6 23 (0.31%) Active Directory
7 19 (0.26%) KVM
8 15 (0.21%) Hyper-V
9 7 (0.096%) Kamailio
9 7 (0.096%) OpenSIPS
10 5 (0.068%) vSphere
11 4 (0.055%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (0.055%) Virtual Servers
12 3 (0.041%) Postfix
12 3 (0.041%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.027%) etcd
13 2 (0.027%) iptables
14 1 (0.014%) GlusterFS
14 1 (0.014%) XenApp
14 1 (0.014%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 1,383 (18.94%) Kubernetes
2 624 (8.54%) Terraform
3 330 (4.52%) Ansible
4 105 (1.44%) Puppet
5 68 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
6 44 (0.60%) Prometheus
7 37 (0.51%) Grafana
8 33 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
9 28 (0.38%) Consul
10 24 (0.33%) Packer
11 20 (0.27%) Istio
11 20 (0.27%) Nagios
12 16 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
13 15 (0.21%) Kibana
14 12 (0.16%) CFEngine
14 12 (0.16%) Demisto
15 10 (0.14%) linkerd
15 10 (0.14%) Rancher
16 9 (0.12%) ZABBIX
17 8 (0.11%) Graphite
Vendors
1 457 (6.26%) Microsoft
2 295 (4.04%) Google
3 275 (3.77%) Oracle
4 109 (1.49%) SAP
5 93 (1.27%) IBM
6 81 (1.11%) VMware
7 74 (1.01%) Atlassian
8 56 (0.77%) Talend
9 55 (0.75%) Xamarin
10 51 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
11 49 (0.67%) Red Hat
12 44 (0.60%) Cloudera
13 38 (0.52%) MuleSoft
13 38 (0.52%) Twitter
14 35 (0.48%) Informatica
15 33 (0.45%) Dell
15 33 (0.45%) TIBCO
16 29 (0.40%) Facebook
16 29 (0.40%) PagerDuty
17 26 (0.36%) Splunk