Period
to 21 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
21 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 21 20 22
Rank change year-on-year -1 +2 +2
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 10,993 13,980 14,260
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 9.62% 9.95% 8.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.46% 10.79% 9.37%
Number of salaries quoted 8,904 10,995 11,607
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,081 129,529 152,239
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.93% 92.19% 92.24%
Number of salaries quoted 83,971 103,273 124,854
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £53,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 21 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 4,954 £75,000 +11.11% 939
South East -1 2,354 £50,000 - 488
North of England -2 1,380 £50,000 +5.26% 450
South West +3 1,070 £45,000 - 265
North West -3 684 £52,500 +5.00% 241
Midlands -13 656 £47,500 +5.56% 257
East of England -4 549 £50,500 +1.00% 328
Yorkshire -3 546 £50,000 +11.11% 166
West Midlands -12 391 £47,500 +5.56% 158
East Midlands -10 260 £47,500 +5.56% 97
North East +4 150 £47,500 -3.57% 43
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 21 February 2020, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 5,515 (50.17%) Agile Software Development
2 4,228 (38.46%) Java
3 3,730 (33.93%) JavaScript
4 3,425 (31.16%) C#
5 3,055 (27.79%) Python
6 2,889 (26.28%) AWS
7 2,555 (23.24%) .NET
8 2,325 (21.15%) Finance
9 2,288 (20.81%) C++
10 2,224 (20.23%) SQL
11 1,973 (17.95%) Degree
12 1,965 (17.88%) DevOps
13 1,944 (17.68%) Microservices
14 1,871 (17.02%) Azure
15 1,763 (16.04%) Docker
16 1,733 (15.76%) Scrum
17 1,690 (15.37%) AngularJS
18 1,689 (15.36%) Linux
19 1,687 (15.35%) TDD
20 1,635 (14.87%) HTML
21 1,628 (14.81%) Computer Science
22 1,602 (14.57%) React
23 1,487 (13.53%) CSS
24 1,455 (13.24%) Git (software)
25 1,398 (12.72%) Web Services
26 1,326 (12.06%) Node.js
27 1,325 (12.05%) Test Automation
28 1,298 (11.81%) Problem-Solving
29 1,292 (11.75%) C
30 1,254 (11.41%) Kubernetes

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 311 (2.83%) Apache Spark
2 249 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
3 184 (1.67%) Confluence
4 136 (1.24%) Apache
5 108 (0.98%) CMS
6 105 (0.96%) IIS
7 87 (0.79%) Tomcat
8 66 (0.60%) JBoss
9 51 (0.46%) WordPress
10 47 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 46 (0.42%) WebSphere
12 45 (0.41%) SharePoint
13 43 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
14 38 (0.35%) OpenStack
15 32 (0.29%) nginx
16 26 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
16 26 (0.24%) Headless CMS
17 25 (0.23%) BizTalk Server
18 22 (0.20%) CICS
19 20 (0.18%) WebLogic
Applications
1 64 (0.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 56 (0.51%) MS Visio
3 33 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
4 28 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 28 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
5 18 (0.16%) Simulink
6 12 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 12 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 12 (0.11%) Sketch
7 10 (0.091%) InVision
8 9 (0.082%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 7 (0.064%) Zeplin
10 5 (0.045%) Stateflow
11 3 (0.027%) Adobe XD
11 3 (0.027%) AutoCAD
11 3 (0.027%) PlantUML
11 3 (0.027%) SOLIDWORKS
12 2 (0.018%) Fireworks
12 2 (0.018%) Maya
12 2 (0.018%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 114 (1.04%) FINCAD Analytics
2 33 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
3 23 (0.21%) R3 Corda
4 22 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 21 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
6 16 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 16 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
7 14 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
8 10 (0.091%) Magento
9 5 (0.045%) Dynamics GP
9 5 (0.045%) Raiser's Edge
9 5 (0.045%) Sage 200
9 5 (0.045%) Sage 50
10 4 (0.036%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.036%) Odoo
11 3 (0.027%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 2 (0.018%) OpenCart
12 2 (0.018%) Relativity
12 2 (0.018%) SAP ERP
12 2 (0.018%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 2,889 (26.28%) AWS
2 1,871 (17.02%) Azure
3 831 (7.56%) GCP
4 463 (4.21%) Serverless
5 422 (3.84%) SaaS
6 292 (2.66%) AWS Lambda
7 273 (2.48%) GitHub
8 256 (2.33%) Amazon S3
9 239 (2.17%) Amazon SQS
10 225 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
11 177 (1.61%) Amazon ECS
12 161 (1.46%) OpenShift
13 142 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
14 110 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
15 108 (0.98%) PaaS
16 64 (0.58%) IaaS
17 58 (0.53%) AWS Fargate
18 54 (0.49%) Amazon EMR
19 51 (0.46%) IBM Cloud
20 40 (0.36%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 173 (1.57%) TCP/IP
2 158 (1.44%) Internet
3 121 (1.10%) HTTP
4 113 (1.03%) Wireless
5 110 (1.00%) Firewall
6 65 (0.59%) Bluetooth
7 53 (0.48%) DNS
8 48 (0.44%) Wireshark
9 37 (0.34%) VPN
10 34 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
11 31 (0.28%) MQTT
11 31 (0.28%) Network Security
12 29 (0.26%) Ethernet
13 28 (0.25%) RS-232
14 25 (0.23%) VoIP
15 24 (0.22%) LTE
16 23 (0.21%) HTTPS
17 21 (0.19%) Broadband
18 20 (0.18%) RTP
19 18 (0.16%) RS-485
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,144 (10.41%) SQL Server
2 772 (7.02%) NoSQL
3 762 (6.93%) PostgreSQL
4 695 (6.32%) MySQL
5 616 (5.60%) Big Data
6 604 (5.49%) Relational Database
7 495 (4.50%) MongoDB
8 322 (2.93%) Redis
9 305 (2.77%) Hadoop
10 251 (2.28%) Amazon RDS
11 238 (2.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 224 (2.04%) Amazon Athena
13 188 (1.71%) RDBMS
14 172 (1.56%) Amazon Redshift
15 147 (1.34%) Apache Cassandra
16 115 (1.05%) Neo4j
17 105 (0.96%) Blockchain
18 80 (0.73%) Apache Hive
19 78 (0.71%) Data Warehouse
20 69 (0.63%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 1,455 (13.24%) Git (software)
2 871 (7.92%) Jenkins
3 638 (5.80%) JIRA
4 359 (3.27%) Visual Studio
5 306 (2.78%) Selenium
6 226 (2.06%) Subversion
7 209 (1.90%) Maven
8 199 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 189 (1.72%) GitLab
10 167 (1.52%) JUnit
11 165 (1.50%) Bitbucket
12 159 (1.45%) TeamCity
13 134 (1.22%) Cucumber
14 130 (1.18%) Eclipse
15 129 (1.17%) Octopus Deploy
16 121 (1.10%) Team Foundation Server
17 115 (1.05%) RStudio
18 104 (0.95%) webpack
19 100 (0.91%) Gradle
20 99 (0.90%) Artifactory
General
1 2,325 (21.15%) Finance
2 848 (7.71%) Banking
3 643 (5.85%) Front Office
4 538 (4.89%) Retail
5 330 (3.00%) Electronics
6 287 (2.61%) Games
7 263 (2.39%) Public Sector
8 253 (2.30%) Marketing
9 232 (2.11%) Telecoms
10 215 (1.96%) Aerospace
11 195 (1.77%) Automotive
12 194 (1.76%) Manufacturing
13 163 (1.48%) Law
14 156 (1.42%) Investment Banking
15 122 (1.11%) Military
16 108 (0.98%) Advertising
17 79 (0.72%) Legal
18 47 (0.43%) Financial Institution
19 37 (0.34%) Back Office
19 37 (0.34%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 4,916 (44.72%) Software Engineer
2 3,726 (33.89%) Developer
3 1,351 (12.29%) Senior Software Engineer
4 965 (8.78%) Java Developer
5 942 (8.57%) Java Engineer
6 863 (7.85%) Java Software Engineer
7 803 (7.30%) Software Developer
8 751 (6.83%) Senior Developer
9 609 (5.54%) C# Developer
10 605 (5.50%) .NET Developer
11 535 (4.87%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 523 (4.76%) C# Software Engineer
13 457 (4.16%) .NET Software Engineer
14 450 (4.09%) Python Engineer
15 439 (3.99%) C++ Software Engineer
16 434 (3.95%) Embedded Engineer
17 397 (3.61%) Embedded Software Engineer
18 379 (3.45%) Python Developer
19 374 (3.40%) Junior
20 347 (3.16%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,555 (23.24%) .NET
2 1,690 (15.37%) AngularJS
3 1,635 (14.87%) HTML
4 1,602 (14.57%) React
5 1,487 (13.53%) CSS
6 1,398 (12.72%) Web Services
7 1,326 (12.06%) Node.js
8 977 (8.89%) Spring
9 973 (8.85%) ASP.NET
10 863 (7.85%) REST
11 850 (7.73%) RESTful
12 724 (6.59%) .NET Core
13 596 (5.42%) HTML5
14 573 (5.21%) .NET Framework
15 560 (5.09%) J2EE
16 477 (4.34%) Kafka
17 462 (4.20%) Spring Boot
18 453 (4.12%) Vue.js
19 440 (4.00%) jQuery
20 386 (3.51%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 790 (7.19%) Greenfield Project
2 609 (5.54%) Analytical Skills
3 587 (5.34%) Algorithms
4 576 (5.24%) User Experience
5 523 (4.76%) Fixed Income
6 505 (4.59%) Derivative
7 466 (4.24%) Hedge funds
8 393 (3.58%) Equities
9 382 (3.47%) Mobile App
10 352 (3.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 291 (2.65%) Self-Motivation
12 253 (2.30%) Cloud Native
13 251 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
14 242 (2.20%) Data Structures
15 205 (1.86%) Embedded Systems
16 196 (1.78%) Blog
17 166 (1.51%) Public Cloud
18 131 (1.19%) Robotics
19 113 (1.03%) Management Information System
20 104 (0.95%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,689 (15.36%) Linux
2 1,014 (9.22%) Windows
3 404 (3.68%) Android
4 391 (3.56%) Unix
5 381 (3.47%) Apple iOS
6 110 (1.00%) Mac OS X
7 108 (0.98%) Embedded Linux
8 69 (0.63%) CentOS
9 47 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 46 (0.42%) Windows Server
11 44 (0.40%) Ubuntu
12 31 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
13 24 (0.22%) Mac OS
14 23 (0.21%) Windows 10
15 21 (0.19%) Fedora
16 18 (0.16%) VxWorks
17 15 (0.14%) FreeRTOS
17 15 (0.14%) Solaris
18 14 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
19 13 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,515 (50.17%) Agile Software Development
2 1,965 (17.88%) DevOps
3 1,944 (17.68%) Microservices
4 1,733 (15.76%) Scrum
5 1,687 (15.35%) TDD
6 1,628 (14.81%) Computer Science
7 1,325 (12.05%) Test Automation
8 1,298 (11.81%) Problem-Solving
9 1,232 (11.21%) Continuous Integration
10 1,197 (10.89%) OO
11 1,128 (10.26%) Mentoring
12 986 (8.97%) MVC
13 908 (8.26%) Analytics
14 872 (7.93%) Artificial Intelligence
15 864 (7.86%) SDLC
16 859 (7.81%) Machine Learning
17 784 (7.13%) Fintech
18 764 (6.95%) Unit Testing
19 760 (6.91%) Open Source
20 709 (6.45%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 4,228 (38.46%) Java
2 3,730 (33.93%) JavaScript
3 3,425 (31.16%) C#
4 3,055 (27.79%) Python
5 2,288 (20.81%) C++
6 2,224 (20.23%) SQL
7 1,292 (11.75%) C
8 611 (5.56%) PHP
9 575 (5.23%) Java 8
10 532 (4.84%) TypeScript
11 500 (4.55%) Go
12 435 (3.96%) Scala
13 434 (3.95%) Ruby
14 414 (3.77%) R
15 408 (3.71%) Kotlin
16 256 (2.33%) Bash Shell
16 256 (2.33%) Embedded C
17 237 (2.16%) T-SQL
18 189 (1.72%) PowerShell
19 172 (1.56%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,973 (17.95%) Degree
2 787 (7.16%) Computer Science Degree
3 476 (4.33%) Security Cleared
4 245 (2.23%) SC Cleared
5 198 (1.80%) DV Cleared
6 117 (1.06%) PhD
7 64 (0.58%) Master's Degree
8 52 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
9 47 (0.43%) AWS Certification
10 37 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
11 36 (0.33%) MCP
12 33 (0.30%) CISSP
13 29 (0.26%) PMI Certification
14 27 (0.25%) DBS Check
14 27 (0.25%) ISTQB
15 24 (0.22%) HND
16 23 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
17 22 (0.20%) PMP
18 21 (0.19%) SANS
19 19 (0.17%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 653 (5.94%) QA
2 58 (0.53%) GDPR
3 35 (0.32%) Data Quality
4 34 (0.31%) DICOM
4 34 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 29 (0.26%) IEC 61508
6 26 (0.24%) SLA
7 18 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 17 (0.15%) MISRA
9 15 (0.14%) IFRS
10 13 (0.12%) PMO
11 12 (0.11%) PSD2
12 11 (0.10%) ISO 9001
12 11 (0.10%) MISRA C
13 10 (0.091%) Solvency II
14 8 (0.073%) COBIT
14 8 (0.073%) NIST
15 7 (0.064%) DO-178B
15 7 (0.064%) ISO 15022
15 7 (0.064%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 1,763 (16.04%) Docker
2 231 (2.10%) Firmware
3 118 (1.07%) Active Directory
4 58 (0.53%) VirtualBox
5 42 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
6 35 (0.32%) HDFS
7 21 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
8 16 (0.15%) vSphere
9 13 (0.12%) ACF2
9 13 (0.12%) RACF
10 11 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 11 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
11 6 (0.055%) GridGain
11 6 (0.055%) ISA Server
11 6 (0.055%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.027%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.027%) KVM
12 3 (0.027%) LXC
13 2 (0.018%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.018%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,254 (11.41%) Kubernetes
2 565 (5.14%) Terraform
3 421 (3.83%) Ansible
4 173 (1.57%) Puppet
5 158 (1.44%) Opscode Chef
6 78 (0.71%) Docker Swarm
7 55 (0.50%) Kibana
8 47 (0.43%) Mesos
9 42 (0.38%) BMC PATROL
10 40 (0.36%) Rancher
11 39 (0.35%) Marathon
12 36 (0.33%) Prometheus
13 32 (0.29%) Packer
14 31 (0.28%) Grafana
14 31 (0.28%) SCCM
15 29 (0.26%) Oozie
15 29 (0.26%) Salt
16 19 (0.17%) Consul
16 19 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
17 18 (0.16%) SELinux
Vendors
1 806 (7.33%) Microsoft
2 610 (5.55%) Google
3 546 (4.97%) Oracle
4 173 (1.57%) Sage
5 131 (1.19%) IBM
6 127 (1.16%) Atlassian
7 125 (1.14%) WorldPay
8 122 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
9 115 (1.05%) SAP
10 106 (0.96%) Bloomberg
11 92 (0.84%) FIS
12 89 (0.81%) Adobe
13 88 (0.80%) Red Hat
14 70 (0.64%) Cloudera
15 69 (0.63%) Xamarin
16 60 (0.55%) Apple
17 58 (0.53%) Hortonworks
18 55 (0.50%) VMware
19 51 (0.46%) Sybase
19 51 (0.46%) Zend