Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 21 22 26
Rank change year-on-year +1 +4 +2
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 13,165 13,728 12,656
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 10.05% 8.70% 7.65%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.90% 9.47% 8.30%
Number of salaries quoted 9,987 10,881 10,287
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £29,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +10.53% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 120,768 144,926 152,521
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.18% 91.82% 92.24%
Number of salaries quoted 95,749 116,289 122,258
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,375 £28,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 5,421 £72,500 +11.54% 816
South East +5 2,763 £50,000 - 500
North of England +7 2,002 £49,250 +9.44% 436
South West +3 1,426 £46,750 -1.58% 284
North West +8 1,141 £50,000 - 240
Midlands -1 801 £47,500 +5.56% 250
Yorkshire +2 718 £47,500 +5.56% 144
East of England -2 690 £52,500 +5.00% 360
West Midlands +1 532 £50,000 +11.11% 159
East Midlands -1 270 £43,000 -4.44% 91
North East 0 142 £45,000 - 53
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 6,999 (53.16%) Agile Software Development
2 4,917 (37.35%) Java
3 4,212 (31.99%) C#
4 3,766 (28.61%) JavaScript
5 3,256 (24.73%) Python
6 3,082 (23.41%) .NET
7 2,839 (21.56%) C++
8 2,836 (21.54%) Amazon AWS
9 2,786 (21.16%) DevOps
10 2,673 (20.30%) SQL
11 2,623 (19.92%) Degree
12 2,518 (19.13%) Finance
13 2,084 (15.83%) Computer Science
14 2,064 (15.68%) TDD
15 2,045 (15.53%) Linux
16 1,985 (15.08%) Microservices
17 1,975 (15.00%) Scrum
18 1,961 (14.90%) Docker
19 1,844 (14.01%) HTML
20 1,820 (13.82%) Microsoft Azure
21 1,806 (13.72%) Git (software)
22 1,762 (13.38%) AngularJS
23 1,694 (12.87%) Continuous Integration
24 1,646 (12.50%) C
25 1,611 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
26 1,569 (11.92%) CSS
27 1,552 (11.79%) React
28 1,477 (11.22%) Test Automation
29 1,396 (10.60%) Mentoring
30 1,377 (10.46%) SQL Server

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 434 (3.30%) Apache Spark
2 366 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
3 291 (2.21%) Confluence
4 247 (1.88%) Apache
5 212 (1.61%) CMS
6 126 (0.96%) Tomcat
7 125 (0.95%) Oracle Workflow
8 107 (0.81%) JBoss
9 98 (0.74%) SAS
10 97 (0.74%) WebSphere
11 92 (0.70%) IIS
12 88 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 78 (0.59%) SharePoint
14 75 (0.57%) Sitecore CMS
15 57 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
16 54 (0.41%) Apache Solr
17 50 (0.38%) Hyperledger
18 46 (0.35%) OpenStack
19 44 (0.33%) WebLogic
20 43 (0.33%) Drupal
Applications
1 61 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 55 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.24%) Sketch
4 27 (0.21%) Simulink
5 23 (0.17%) Photoshop
6 18 (0.14%) EngageOne
7 15 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 15 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 15 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 14 (0.11%) Chatbot
9 13 (0.099%) Adobe Illustrator
10 12 (0.091%) InVision
10 12 (0.091%) MS Visio
10 12 (0.091%) SPSS
11 8 (0.061%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 8 (0.061%) Figma
11 8 (0.061%) Mathematica
11 8 (0.061%) OmniGraffle
11 8 (0.061%) Stateflow
12 7 (0.053%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 80 (0.61%) SAP Hybris
2 75 (0.57%) Markit EDM
3 73 (0.55%) thinkFolio
4 72 (0.55%) Front Arena
5 39 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
6 38 (0.29%) Magento
7 24 (0.18%) SDL Web 8
8 20 (0.15%) Summit
9 15 (0.11%) R3 Corda
10 13 (0.099%) Distributed Ledger
10 13 (0.099%) Dynamics CRM
11 8 (0.061%) Quorum
12 7 (0.053%) MultiChain
12 7 (0.053%) PolarLake
13 6 (0.046%) Dynamics AX
13 6 (0.046%) Teamcenter
14 5 (0.038%) Visualfiles
15 4 (0.030%) NetSuite
15 4 (0.030%) SimCorp Dimension
16 3 (0.023%) Exstream
Cloud Services
1 2,836 (21.54%) Amazon AWS
2 1,820 (13.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 783 (5.95%) Google Cloud Platform
4 542 (4.12%) SaaS
5 537 (4.08%) Serverless
6 494 (3.75%) GitHub
7 386 (2.93%) AWS Lambda
8 315 (2.39%) Amazon EC2
9 307 (2.33%) Cloud Computing
10 288 (2.19%) Amazon S3
11 248 (1.88%) PaaS
12 214 (1.63%) OpenShift
13 187 (1.42%) Amazon SQS
14 165 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
15 151 (1.15%) AWS CloudFormation
16 119 (0.90%) Power Platform
17 116 (0.88%) Office 365
18 108 (0.82%) IaaS
19 98 (0.74%) npm
20 65 (0.49%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 237 (1.80%) Internet
2 196 (1.49%) TCP/IP
3 176 (1.34%) HTTP
4 123 (0.93%) Firewall
5 100 (0.76%) Wireless
6 70 (0.53%) DNS
7 68 (0.52%) RS-485
8 65 (0.49%) Network Security
9 64 (0.49%) Broadband
9 64 (0.49%) RS-232
10 57 (0.43%) VPN
11 50 (0.38%) Bluetooth
12 46 (0.35%) HTTPS
13 45 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
14 44 (0.33%) Ethernet
15 37 (0.28%) DHCP
16 35 (0.27%) VoIP
17 27 (0.21%) Skype
17 27 (0.21%) SSH
18 25 (0.19%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,377 (10.46%) SQL Server
2 828 (6.29%) NoSQL
3 731 (5.55%) MySQL
4 723 (5.49%) Big Data
5 595 (4.52%) Relational Database
6 571 (4.34%) MongoDB
7 555 (4.22%) PostgreSQL
8 483 (3.67%) Hadoop
9 266 (2.02%) Apache Cassandra
10 246 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
11 234 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
12 214 (1.63%) Amazon Redshift
13 207 (1.57%) RDBMS
14 176 (1.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 170 (1.29%) Redis
16 167 (1.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 166 (1.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 157 (1.19%) Blockchain
19 136 (1.03%) Neo4j
20 125 (0.95%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,806 (13.72%) Git (software)
2 1,174 (8.92%) Jenkins
3 764 (5.80%) JIRA
4 487 (3.70%) Visual Studio
5 468 (3.55%) Maven
6 406 (3.08%) Selenium
7 295 (2.24%) Subversion
8 263 (2.00%) JUnit
9 256 (1.94%) Bitbucket
10 237 (1.80%) GitLab
11 229 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 227 (1.72%) Cucumber
13 197 (1.50%) Artifactory
14 194 (1.47%) TeamCity
15 182 (1.38%) Team Foundation Server
16 169 (1.28%) Eclipse
17 140 (1.06%) webpack
18 139 (1.06%) Visual Studio Team System
19 130 (0.99%) Gradle
20 120 (0.91%) WebDriver
General
1 2,518 (19.13%) Finance
2 926 (7.03%) Banking
3 776 (5.89%) Retail
4 475 (3.61%) Front Office
5 454 (3.45%) Marketing
6 413 (3.14%) Electronics
7 339 (2.58%) Games
8 294 (2.23%) Telecoms
9 289 (2.20%) Public Sector
10 211 (1.60%) Manufacturing
11 203 (1.54%) Aerospace
12 200 (1.52%) Law
13 143 (1.09%) Automotive
14 116 (0.88%) Military
15 111 (0.84%) Advertising
16 87 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
17 85 (0.65%) Spanish Language
18 78 (0.59%) German Language
19 77 (0.58%) French Language
20 75 (0.57%) Legal
Job Titles
1 5,397 (41.00%) Software Engineer
2 4,397 (33.40%) Developer
3 1,253 (9.52%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,159 (8.80%) Java Developer
5 976 (7.41%) Software Developer
6 941 (7.15%) C# Developer
7 874 (6.64%) Java Engineer
8 819 (6.22%) Senior Developer
9 810 (6.15%) .NET Developer
10 754 (5.73%) Java Software Engineer
11 602 (4.57%) Architect
12 593 (4.50%) C# Software Engineer
13 545 (4.14%) Junior
14 541 (4.11%) C# .NET Developer
15 525 (3.99%) C++ Software Engineer
16 508 (3.86%) Embedded Engineer
17 494 (3.75%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 476 (3.62%) Embedded Software Engineer
19 422 (3.21%) Graduate
20 421 (3.20%) .NET Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,082 (23.41%) .NET
2 1,844 (14.01%) HTML
3 1,762 (13.38%) AngularJS
4 1,569 (11.92%) CSS
5 1,552 (11.79%) React
6 1,336 (10.15%) Web Services
7 1,309 (9.94%) Node.js
8 1,282 (9.74%) ASP.NET
9 1,225 (9.30%) Spring
10 1,043 (7.92%) RESTful
11 787 (5.98%) REST
12 649 (4.93%) HTML5
13 642 (4.88%) XML
14 575 (4.37%) ASP.NET MVC
15 569 (4.32%) Spring Boot
16 552 (4.19%) Kafka
17 538 (4.09%) .NET Core
18 522 (3.97%) jQuery
19 518 (3.93%) J2EE
20 502 (3.81%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 863 (6.56%) Analytical Skills
2 850 (6.46%) Algorithms
3 841 (6.39%) Greenfield Project
4 698 (5.30%) User Experience
5 457 (3.47%) Fixed Income
6 447 (3.40%) Self-Motivation
7 441 (3.35%) Derivative
8 424 (3.22%) Enterprise Software
9 392 (2.98%) Mobile App
10 337 (2.56%) Hedge funds
11 287 (2.18%) Data Structures
12 263 (2.00%) Embedded Systems
13 250 (1.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 237 (1.80%) Equities
15 228 (1.73%) Virtual Team
16 224 (1.70%) Cloud Native
17 195 (1.48%) Robotics
18 190 (1.44%) Public Cloud
19 165 (1.25%) Management Information System
20 141 (1.07%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2,045 (15.53%) Linux
2 1,078 (8.19%) Windows
3 494 (3.75%) Android
4 408 (3.10%) Unix
5 317 (2.41%) Apple iOS
6 102 (0.77%) CentOS
7 100 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 91 (0.69%) Embedded Linux
9 87 (0.66%) Ubuntu
10 77 (0.58%) Windows Server
11 54 (0.41%) Mac OS
12 42 (0.32%) FreeRTOS
13 39 (0.30%) Mac OS X
14 34 (0.26%) Windows 10
15 31 (0.24%) Debian
15 31 (0.24%) VxWorks
16 24 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
17 23 (0.17%) Fedora
18 21 (0.16%) SUSE
19 18 (0.14%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,999 (53.16%) Agile Software Development
2 2,786 (21.16%) DevOps
3 2,084 (15.83%) Computer Science
4 2,064 (15.68%) TDD
5 1,985 (15.08%) Microservices
6 1,975 (15.00%) Scrum
7 1,694 (12.87%) Continuous Integration
8 1,611 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
9 1,477 (11.22%) Test Automation
10 1,396 (10.60%) Mentoring
11 1,368 (10.39%) OO
12 1,292 (9.81%) MVC
13 1,234 (9.37%) SDLC
14 956 (7.26%) BDD
15 940 (7.14%) Open Source
16 939 (7.13%) Mathematics
17 892 (6.78%) Unit Testing
18 882 (6.70%) Analytics
19 869 (6.60%) Machine Learning
20 867 (6.59%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 4,917 (37.35%) Java
2 4,212 (31.99%) C#
3 3,766 (28.61%) JavaScript
4 3,256 (24.73%) Python
5 2,839 (21.56%) C++
6 2,673 (20.30%) SQL
7 1,646 (12.50%) C
8 672 (5.10%) PHP
9 578 (4.39%) Ruby
10 528 (4.01%) Scala
11 520 (3.95%) Java 8
12 502 (3.81%) TypeScript
13 429 (3.26%) Go
14 355 (2.70%) R
15 338 (2.57%) Bash Shell
16 261 (1.98%) T-SQL
17 258 (1.96%) Kotlin
18 249 (1.89%) ES6
19 242 (1.84%) PowerShell
20 236 (1.79%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 2,623 (19.92%) Degree
2 852 (6.47%) Computer Science Degree
3 724 (5.50%) Security Cleared
4 424 (3.22%) SC Cleared
5 297 (2.26%) DV Cleared
6 169 (1.28%) PhD
7 122 (0.93%) Numerate Degree
8 108 (0.82%) CISSP
9 103 (0.78%) Microsoft Certification
10 96 (0.73%) Cisco Certification
11 90 (0.68%) AWS Certification
12 67 (0.51%) CCNA
12 67 (0.51%) HND
12 67 (0.51%) Master's Degree
13 50 (0.38%) ISTQB
14 49 (0.37%) CISM
15 48 (0.36%) MCP
16 47 (0.36%) Network+ Certification
16 47 (0.36%) SANS
17 39 (0.30%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 753 (5.72%) QA
2 70 (0.53%) GDPR
3 38 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 37 (0.28%) SLA
5 32 (0.24%) DICOM
6 27 (0.21%) JSP 440
7 26 (0.20%) HMG Infosec
7 26 (0.20%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 26 (0.20%) NIST
8 25 (0.19%) Data Quality
9 24 (0.18%) ISO 9001
10 23 (0.17%) IEC 61508
11 19 (0.14%) MISRA
11 19 (0.14%) PSD2
12 17 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 17 (0.13%) PCI DSS
13 16 (0.12%) PMO
14 14 (0.11%) MISRA C
15 13 (0.099%) ISO 26262
15 13 (0.099%) JTAG
System Software
1 1,961 (14.90%) Docker
2 181 (1.37%) Firmware
3 117 (0.89%) Active Directory
4 61 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
5 51 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
6 45 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 41 (0.31%) VirtualBox
8 38 (0.29%) Hyper-V
9 32 (0.24%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 29 (0.22%) vSphere
11 26 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
12 19 (0.14%) Apache Flume
13 18 (0.14%) HDFS
14 15 (0.11%) XenApp
14 15 (0.11%) XenDesktop
15 13 (0.099%) Microsoft App-V
16 12 (0.091%) pfSense
16 12 (0.091%) Xen
17 9 (0.068%) Cronacle
17 9 (0.068%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 1,299 (9.87%) Kubernetes
2 711 (5.40%) Terraform
3 663 (5.04%) Ansible
4 266 (2.02%) Opscode Chef
5 265 (2.01%) Puppet
6 104 (0.79%) Prometheus
7 71 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
8 65 (0.49%) Grafana
9 52 (0.39%) Rancher
10 51 (0.39%) Nagios
11 50 (0.38%) Kibana
12 44 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
13 41 (0.31%) Mesos
14 32 (0.24%) Tivoli
15 31 (0.24%) ZABBIX
16 28 (0.21%) Oozie
17 26 (0.20%) Microsoft Intune
17 26 (0.20%) SELinux
18 25 (0.19%) Ambari
18 25 (0.19%) Salt
Vendors
1 1,364 (10.36%) Microsoft
2 834 (6.33%) Oracle
3 767 (5.83%) Google
4 289 (2.20%) SAP
5 155 (1.18%) Adobe
6 152 (1.15%) IBM
7 151 (1.15%) Tableau
8 146 (1.11%) Sage
8 146 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
9 140 (1.06%) Cloudera
10 131 (1.00%) Bloomberg
11 125 (0.95%) hybris
12 123 (0.93%) Splunk
13 122 (0.93%) Reuters
13 122 (0.93%) VMware
14 114 (0.87%) Sitecore
15 103 (0.78%) Atlassian
16 87 (0.66%) Red Hat
17 82 (0.62%) Charles River
18 76 (0.58%) Cisco