Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 12 18 21
Rank change year-on-year +6 +3 +1
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 15,330 6,062 11,407
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 13.85% 10.63% 9.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.72% 11.41% 10.59%
Number of salaries quoted 8,588 5,150 9,099
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% - +9.09%
75th Percentile £95,000 £82,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £118,750 £103,875 £102,500
UK median annual salary £66,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +10.83% +4.35% +8.49%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 104,167 53,151 107,744
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.11% 93.19% 92.63%
Number of salaries quoted 69,281 43,872 87,101
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,500 £30,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,813 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +4 8,291 £85,000 +13.33% 1,047
North of England +3 2,060 £57,500 +9.52% 379
South East +6 2,049 £60,000 +9.09% 371
North West +8 1,078 £60,000 +9.09% 224
East of England +15 889 £57,500 +4.55% 239
South West +6 848 £55,000 +10.00% 233
Yorkshire -1 848 £55,000 +4.76% 115
Midlands +3 822 £53,607 +7.21% 264
West Midlands +9 543 £55,000 +4.76% 155
East Midlands -9 277 £50,000 +5.26% 109
North East -2 134 £50,000 +5.26% 40
South Coast - 3 - -
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,853 (51.23%) Agile Software Development
2 5,540 (36.14%) AWS
3 5,294 (34.53%) JavaScript
4 5,192 (33.87%) Java
5 5,180 (33.79%) Python
6 4,457 (29.07%) React
7 3,919 (25.56%) Docker
8 3,899 (25.43%) DevOps
9 3,725 (24.30%) CI/CD
10 3,667 (23.92%) C#
11 3,643 (23.76%) Azure
12 3,395 (22.15%) Finance
13 3,185 (20.78%) Kubernetes
14 3,049 (19.89%) SQL
15 2,975 (19.41%) Full Stack Development
16 2,910 (18.98%) Microservices
17 2,797 (18.25%) Social Skills
18 2,767 (18.05%) TDD
19 2,734 (17.83%) Degree
20 2,731 (17.81%) Node.js
21 2,722 (17.76%) TypeScript
22 2,664 (17.38%) .NET
23 2,457 (16.03%) Git (software)
24 2,313 (15.09%) Computer Science
25 2,287 (14.92%) Test Automation
26 2,147 (14.01%) C++
27 2,102 (13.71%) Mentoring
28 2,028 (13.23%) GCP
29 2,020 (13.18%) Scrum
30 1,942 (12.67%) AngularJS

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 507 (3.31%) Elasticsearch
2 408 (2.66%) Apache Spark
3 338 (2.20%) Confluence
4 295 (1.92%) Apache
5 186 (1.21%) CMS
6 106 (0.69%) GeoServer
7 85 (0.55%) Tomcat
8 77 (0.50%) Apache Airflow
9 76 (0.50%) SAS
10 72 (0.47%) JBoss
11 65 (0.42%) nginx
12 56 (0.37%) Jupyter
13 55 (0.36%) GemFire
14 52 (0.34%) SharePoint
15 47 (0.31%) WordPress
16 44 (0.29%) OpenStack
16 44 (0.29%) WebLogic
17 39 (0.25%) IIS
18 29 (0.19%) Ethereum
19 28 (0.18%) WebSphere
Applications
1 89 (0.58%) Sketch
2 79 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
3 74 (0.48%) Simulink
4 48 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
5 31 (0.20%) InVision
6 25 (0.16%) Adobe XD
7 21 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
7 21 (0.14%) Photoshop
8 16 (0.10%) Chatbot
9 15 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
10 12 (0.078%) Stateflow
11 11 (0.072%) SOLIDWORKS
12 10 (0.065%) Revit
13 5 (0.033%) GIMP
13 5 (0.033%) MS Visio
14 4 (0.026%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 4 (0.026%) SPSS
15 3 (0.020%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 3 (0.020%) OmniGraffle
15 3 (0.020%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 73 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
2 40 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
3 34 (0.22%) Magento
4 32 (0.21%) Shopify
5 31 (0.20%) R3 Corda
6 30 (0.20%) Summit
7 23 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
8 14 (0.091%) Oracle BPM
9 6 (0.039%) Sentinel
10 5 (0.033%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
10 5 (0.033%) RMDS
11 4 (0.026%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 4 (0.026%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
11 4 (0.026%) MetaTrader
11 4 (0.026%) StreamServe
12 3 (0.020%) Actimize
12 3 (0.020%) Markit EDM
12 3 (0.020%) NetSuite
12 3 (0.020%) Oracle Financials
13 2 (0.013%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 5,540 (36.14%) AWS
2 3,643 (23.76%) Azure
3 2,028 (13.23%) GCP
4 1,705 (11.12%) Serverless
5 971 (6.33%) GitHub
6 844 (5.51%) AWS Lambda
7 829 (5.41%) SaaS
8 507 (3.31%) Amazon S3
9 465 (3.03%) Amazon EC2
10 442 (2.88%) OpenShift
11 397 (2.59%) Amazon SQS
11 397 (2.59%) AWS CloudFormation
12 312 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
13 300 (1.96%) Amazon ECS
14 277 (1.81%) Amazon EKS
15 221 (1.44%) npm
16 214 (1.40%) PaaS
17 185 (1.21%) Amazon Kinesis
18 143 (0.93%) AWS Step Functions
19 139 (0.91%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 460 (3.00%) HTTP
2 243 (1.59%) Internet
3 210 (1.37%) TCP/IP
4 168 (1.10%) Broadband
5 116 (0.76%) Kerberos
6 70 (0.46%) DNS
7 68 (0.44%) Firewall
8 56 (0.37%) Ethernet
9 55 (0.36%) Modbus
10 53 (0.35%) MQTT
10 53 (0.35%) Wireless
11 48 (0.31%) HTTPS
12 40 (0.26%) Bluetooth
12 40 (0.26%) VPN
13 37 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
14 31 (0.20%) VoIP
15 27 (0.18%) RS-422
15 27 (0.18%) SSL
16 26 (0.17%) PPP
16 26 (0.17%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,483 (9.67%) PostgreSQL
2 1,245 (8.12%) NoSQL
3 1,043 (6.80%) MySQL
4 997 (6.50%) SQL Server
5 754 (4.92%) Relational Database
6 724 (4.72%) MongoDB
7 576 (3.76%) Big Data
8 572 (3.73%) Redis
9 552 (3.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 349 (2.28%) Amazon RDS
11 293 (1.91%) Hadoop
12 233 (1.52%) Amazon Aurora
13 172 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
13 172 (1.12%) RDBMS
14 161 (1.05%) Amazon Redshift
15 158 (1.03%) Blockchain
16 154 (1.00%) Data Warehouse
17 148 (0.97%) Amazon Athena
18 122 (0.80%) GIS
19 113 (0.74%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 2,457 (16.03%) Git (software)
2 1,530 (9.98%) Jenkins
3 773 (5.04%) JIRA
4 459 (2.99%) GitLab
5 425 (2.77%) Cypress.io
6 332 (2.17%) Maven
7 331 (2.16%) webpack
8 307 (2.00%) JUnit
9 303 (1.98%) Selenium
10 262 (1.71%) Subversion
11 259 (1.69%) Octopus Deploy
12 232 (1.51%) TeamCity
13 220 (1.44%) Bitbucket
14 204 (1.33%) CircleCI
15 202 (1.32%) Cucumber
16 194 (1.27%) Team Foundation Server
17 193 (1.26%) Visual Studio
18 186 (1.21%) Gradle
19 164 (1.07%) Mockito
20 148 (0.97%) Postman
General
1 3,395 (22.15%) Finance
2 2,797 (18.25%) Social Skills
3 814 (5.31%) Analytical Skills
4 804 (5.24%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 784 (5.11%) Banking
6 712 (4.64%) Front Office
7 630 (4.11%) Marketing
8 620 (4.04%) Retail
9 568 (3.71%) Games
10 383 (2.50%) Electronics
11 323 (2.11%) Law
12 318 (2.07%) Public Sector
13 263 (1.72%) Automotive
14 257 (1.68%) Telecoms
15 224 (1.46%) Publishing
16 196 (1.28%) Legal
17 174 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
18 173 (1.13%) Pharmaceutical
19 171 (1.12%) Manufacturing
20 163 (1.06%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 7,540 (49.18%) Software Engineer
2 4,403 (28.72%) Developer
3 2,260 (14.74%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,013 (6.61%) Senior Developer
5 1,004 (6.55%) Java Engineer
6 859 (5.60%) Java Software Engineer
7 846 (5.52%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 709 (4.62%) Java Developer
9 696 (4.54%) Python Engineer
10 664 (4.33%) Python Developer
11 659 (4.30%) Software Developer
12 610 (3.98%) React Developer
13 567 (3.70%) Full Stack Developer
14 536 (3.50%) C# Developer
15 533 (3.48%) Python Software Engineer
16 495 (3.23%) Principal Engineer
17 492 (3.21%) Lead Software Engineer
18 423 (2.76%) Architect
19 420 (2.74%) AWS Engineer
20 397 (2.59%) Principal Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,457 (29.07%) React
2 2,731 (17.81%) Node.js
3 2,664 (17.38%) .NET
4 1,942 (12.67%) AngularJS
5 1,901 (12.40%) CSS
6 1,739 (11.34%) HTML
7 1,285 (8.38%) RESTful
8 1,244 (8.11%) Kafka
9 1,238 (8.08%) Spring
10 1,194 (7.79%) REST
11 1,144 (7.46%) .NET Core
12 1,101 (7.18%) Vue.js
13 910 (5.94%) Spring Boot
14 863 (5.63%) Web Services
15 819 (5.34%) GraphQL
16 724 (4.72%) HTML5
17 647 (4.22%) ASP.NET
18 595 (3.88%) Redux
19 552 (3.60%) CSS3
20 507 (3.31%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 1,519 (9.91%) User Experience
2 1,206 (7.87%) Algorithms
3 885 (5.77%) Greenfield Project
4 692 (4.51%) Data Structures
5 649 (4.23%) Mobile App
6 614 (4.01%) Cloud Native
7 600 (3.91%) Hedge funds
8 584 (3.81%) Equities
9 525 (3.42%) Self-Motivation
10 444 (2.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 433 (2.82%) Derivative
12 387 (2.52%) Fixed Income
13 342 (2.23%) Enterprise Software
14 253 (1.65%) Social Media
15 233 (1.52%) Virtual Team
16 201 (1.31%) Blog
17 163 (1.06%) Embedded Systems
18 156 (1.02%) Management Information System
19 152 (0.99%) Linux Command Line
20 140 (0.91%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 1,920 (12.52%) Linux
2 597 (3.89%) Windows
3 527 (3.44%) Android
4 489 (3.19%) Apple iOS
5 475 (3.10%) Unix
6 157 (1.02%) Ubuntu
7 120 (0.78%) Embedded Linux
8 109 (0.71%) CentOS
8 109 (0.71%) Windows Server
9 54 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 43 (0.28%) Mac OS
11 37 (0.24%) VMS
12 23 (0.15%) FreeRTOS
13 22 (0.14%) Debian
14 18 (0.12%) ThreadX
14 18 (0.12%) VxWorks
15 15 (0.098%) Mesosphere
15 15 (0.098%) Windows Embedded Compact
16 12 (0.078%) Windows 10
17 8 (0.052%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,853 (51.23%) Agile Software Development
2 3,899 (25.43%) DevOps
3 3,725 (24.30%) CI/CD
4 2,975 (19.41%) Full Stack Development
5 2,910 (18.98%) Microservices
6 2,767 (18.05%) TDD
7 2,313 (15.09%) Computer Science
8 2,287 (14.92%) Test Automation
9 2,102 (13.71%) Mentoring
10 2,020 (13.18%) Scrum
11 1,828 (11.92%) Problem-Solving
12 1,801 (11.75%) Continuous Integration
13 1,616 (10.54%) Analytics
14 1,475 (9.62%) OO
15 1,322 (8.62%) SDLC
16 1,260 (8.22%) Data Science
16 1,260 (8.22%) Machine Learning
17 1,227 (8.00%) Fintech
18 1,132 (7.38%) Unit Testing
19 1,089 (7.10%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 5,294 (34.53%) JavaScript
2 5,192 (33.87%) Java
3 5,180 (33.79%) Python
4 3,667 (23.92%) C#
5 3,049 (19.89%) SQL
6 2,722 (17.76%) TypeScript
7 2,147 (14.01%) C++
8 1,347 (8.79%) Go
9 1,235 (8.06%) C
10 845 (5.51%) Kotlin
11 815 (5.32%) Scala
12 801 (5.23%) PHP
13 635 (4.14%) Ruby
14 423 (2.76%) ES6
15 412 (2.69%) Java 8
16 313 (2.04%) Bash
17 261 (1.70%) T-SQL
18 259 (1.69%) R
19 228 (1.49%) Apple Swift
20 215 (1.40%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 2,734 (17.83%) Degree
2 939 (6.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 575 (3.75%) Security Cleared
4 430 (2.80%) SC Cleared
5 217 (1.42%) Master's Degree
6 176 (1.15%) HND
7 152 (0.99%) PhD
8 108 (0.70%) HNC
9 63 (0.41%) AWS Certification
10 62 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
11 61 (0.40%) DV Cleared
12 57 (0.37%) OCP
13 41 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
14 39 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
15 37 (0.24%) DBS Check
16 35 (0.23%) ISTQB
17 21 (0.14%) ISEB
17 21 (0.14%) PMI Certification
18 17 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 17 (0.11%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,380 (9.00%) QA
2 264 (1.72%) Accessibility
3 80 (0.52%) GDPR
4 66 (0.43%) MISRA
5 64 (0.42%) ISO 26262
6 53 (0.35%) WCAG
7 45 (0.29%) Data Quality
8 44 (0.29%) IEC 61508
9 43 (0.28%) SLA
10 42 (0.27%) IEC 62304
11 39 (0.25%) ISO 9001
12 37 (0.24%) ISO 13485
13 31 (0.20%) Def Stans
14 27 (0.18%) HIPAA
15 22 (0.14%) GxP
16 21 (0.14%) DO-254
17 18 (0.12%) PCI DSS
18 17 (0.11%) DO-178B
19 16 (0.10%) MISRA C
20 15 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 3,919 (25.56%) Docker
2 227 (1.48%) Firmware
3 98 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 91 (0.59%) HDFS
5 45 (0.29%) Active Directory
6 39 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 29 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
8 20 (0.13%) KVM
9 14 (0.091%) VirtualBox
10 12 (0.078%) LXC
11 6 (0.039%) Virtual Servers
12 5 (0.033%) Hyper-V
13 4 (0.026%) NFS
14 3 (0.020%) VMware ESXi
15 2 (0.013%) iptables
15 2 (0.013%) Samba
15 2 (0.013%) Varnish
16 1 (0.007%) etcd
16 1 (0.007%) Oracle RAC
16 1 (0.007%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 3,185 (20.78%) Kubernetes
2 1,555 (10.14%) Terraform
3 631 (4.12%) Ansible
4 277 (1.81%) Grafana
5 222 (1.45%) Prometheus
6 185 (1.21%) Puppet
7 167 (1.09%) Opscode Chef
8 68 (0.44%) Kibana
9 48 (0.31%) Consul
10 45 (0.29%) Istio
11 42 (0.27%) Packer
12 39 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
13 24 (0.16%) Apache Brooklyn
14 23 (0.15%) Control-M
15 22 (0.14%) HP Fortify
15 22 (0.14%) logstash
16 20 (0.13%) Rancher
17 19 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
18 18 (0.12%) Oozie
19 17 (0.11%) Cisco IPCC
Vendors
1 1,041 (6.79%) Microsoft
2 889 (5.80%) Google
3 499 (3.26%) Oracle
4 128 (0.83%) Apple
5 121 (0.79%) Xamarin
6 118 (0.77%) VMware
7 115 (0.75%) SAP
8 111 (0.72%) Adobe
8 111 (0.72%) IBM
9 108 (0.70%) Atlassian
10 106 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
11 102 (0.67%) LexisNexis
12 84 (0.55%) Facebook
13 77 (0.50%) Databricks
14 74 (0.48%) New Relic
15 71 (0.46%) Red Hat
16 70 (0.46%) Twitter
17 64 (0.42%) Okta
18 56 (0.37%) Splunk
19 51 (0.33%) Talend