Period
to 26 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 26 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
26 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 17 20 21
Rank change year-on-year +3 +1 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 5,117 12,217 13,608
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 10.19% 9.74% 9.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.04% 10.56% 9.86%
Number of salaries quoted 5,242 10,100 11,518
Median annual salary £60,000 £58,602 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.39% +6.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £38,750 £34,707 £32,500
90th Percentile £103,750 £97,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,346 115,696 137,945
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.32% 92.21% 92.08%
Number of salaries quoted 38,781 92,429 110,929
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,000 £30,000 £29,650
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,250
% change year-on-year +4.76% +4.48% +0.50%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 26 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 2,343 £75,000 - 667
North of England +6 975 £52,500 +5.00% 306
South East -1 851 £55,000 +10.00% 280
Yorkshire +14 458 £52,500 +5.00% 87
North West +3 415 £55,000 +10.00% 185
South West -14 359 £50,000 +11.11% 127
Midlands +6 354 £50,000 +5.26% 126
West Midlands +4 217 £50,000 - 65
East of England 0 172 £57,500 +15.00% 169
East Midlands +16 136 £50,000 +11.11% 60
North East +1 102 £47,500 - 34
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 26 November 2020, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,387 (46.65%) Agile Software Development
2 1,968 (38.46%) JavaScript
3 1,774 (34.67%) Java
4 1,704 (33.30%) Python
5 1,578 (30.84%) AWS
6 1,455 (28.43%) C#
7 1,272 (24.86%) .NET
8 1,230 (24.04%) Azure
9 1,187 (23.20%) SQL
10 1,134 (22.16%) DevOps
11 1,104 (21.58%) Microservices
12 1,086 (21.22%) React
13 1,067 (20.85%) Finance
14 1,031 (20.15%) Docker
15 996 (19.46%) AngularJS
16 918 (17.94%) Degree
17 909 (17.76%) TDD
18 770 (15.05%) Kubernetes
19 763 (14.91%) Node.js
20 746 (14.58%) C++
21 717 (14.01%) Computer Science
22 693 (13.54%) Git (software)
22 693 (13.54%) Scrum
23 687 (13.43%) HTML
24 686 (13.41%) Linux
25 663 (12.96%) Web Services
26 648 (12.66%) CSS
27 583 (11.39%) .NET Core
28 532 (10.40%) Test Automation
29 521 (10.18%) Vue.js

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 190 (3.71%) Elasticsearch
2 138 (2.70%) Confluence
3 130 (2.54%) Apache
4 63 (1.23%) Apache Spark
5 61 (1.19%) CMS
6 54 (1.06%) nginx
7 48 (0.94%) SAS
8 27 (0.53%) JBoss
9 25 (0.49%) Tomcat
10 24 (0.47%) WebSphere
11 18 (0.35%) Headless CMS
11 18 (0.35%) IIS
12 15 (0.29%) Red Hat Fuse
13 14 (0.27%) Apache ServiceMix
14 13 (0.25%) NServiceBus
14 13 (0.25%) SharePoint
15 11 (0.21%) OpenStack
15 11 (0.21%) Tornado
16 8 (0.16%) Ethereum
16 8 (0.16%) GlassFish
Applications
1 22 (0.43%) Chatbot
2 19 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.27%) Sketch
4 13 (0.25%) InVision
5 10 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 8 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
7 6 (0.12%) Simulink
8 4 (0.078%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 3 (0.059%) AutoCAD
9 3 (0.059%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.059%) Zeplin
10 2 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.039%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.039%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.039%) TargetLink
11 1 (0.020%) Figma
11 1 (0.020%) Marvel
11 1 (0.020%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 38 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 31 (0.61%) Distributed Ledger
3 23 (0.45%) R3 Corda
4 13 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
6 7 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 4 (0.078%) Maximo
7 4 (0.078%) Sentinel
8 3 (0.059%) Oracle BPM
9 2 (0.039%) SAP Business One
10 1 (0.020%) MoSes
10 1 (0.020%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,578 (30.84%) AWS
2 1,230 (24.04%) Azure
3 484 (9.46%) GCP
4 394 (7.70%) Serverless
5 270 (5.28%) AWS Lambda
6 213 (4.16%) SaaS
7 169 (3.30%) Amazon EC2
8 155 (3.03%) Amazon S3
9 140 (2.74%) GitHub
10 110 (2.15%) Cloud Computing
11 81 (1.58%) AWS CloudFormation
12 77 (1.50%) Amazon ECS
13 71 (1.39%) PaaS
14 64 (1.25%) npm
15 61 (1.19%) Power Platform
16 51 (1.00%) IaaS
17 36 (0.70%) Amazon EKS
18 32 (0.63%) Dynamics 365
18 32 (0.63%) OpenShift
19 30 (0.59%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 66 (1.29%) TCP/IP
2 57 (1.11%) HTTP
3 41 (0.80%) Ethernet
4 31 (0.61%) Wireless
5 30 (0.59%) Network Security
6 28 (0.55%) Internet
7 27 (0.53%) DNS
7 27 (0.53%) Wi-Fi
8 19 (0.37%) Bluetooth
9 18 (0.35%) RS-232
10 17 (0.33%) RS-485
11 15 (0.29%) HTTPS
11 15 (0.29%) Skype
12 14 (0.27%) Firewall
13 13 (0.25%) Kerberos
13 13 (0.25%) MQTT
13 13 (0.25%) Software-Defined Radio
14 10 (0.20%) H.323
15 9 (0.18%) Asterisk PBX
15 9 (0.18%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 513 (10.03%) NoSQL
2 456 (8.91%) SQL Server
3 299 (5.84%) PostgreSQL
4 242 (4.73%) Big Data
5 219 (4.28%) MongoDB
6 215 (4.20%) MySQL
7 200 (3.91%) Relational Database
8 162 (3.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 159 (3.11%) Redis
10 115 (2.25%) Hadoop
11 73 (1.43%) Data Warehouse
12 72 (1.41%) Apache Cassandra
13 65 (1.27%) Blockchain
14 62 (1.21%) Oracle Database
15 56 (1.09%) Power BI
16 51 (1.00%) Pentaho
17 49 (0.96%) Apache Hive
18 43 (0.84%) Amazon Redshift
19 39 (0.76%) Impala
20 38 (0.74%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 693 (13.54%) Git (software)
2 408 (7.97%) Jenkins
3 261 (5.10%) JIRA
4 174 (3.40%) GitLab
5 137 (2.68%) Subversion
6 115 (2.25%) JUnit
6 115 (2.25%) Visual Studio
7 96 (1.88%) Selenium
8 85 (1.66%) Mercurial
9 82 (1.60%) Maven
10 77 (1.50%) webpack
11 64 (1.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 64 (1.25%) Bitbucket
12 60 (1.17%) CircleCI
12 60 (1.17%) Mockito
13 52 (1.02%) TeamCity
14 51 (1.00%) Eclipse
15 46 (0.90%) Artifactory
16 35 (0.68%) Sonatype Nexus
17 33 (0.64%) NUnit
General
1 1,067 (20.85%) Finance
2 389 (7.60%) Front Office
3 224 (4.38%) Banking
4 155 (3.03%) Public Sector
5 152 (2.97%) Electronics
6 147 (2.87%) Marketing
7 115 (2.25%) Manufacturing
8 107 (2.09%) Investment Banking
8 107 (2.09%) Retail
9 106 (2.07%) Games
9 106 (2.07%) Law
10 92 (1.80%) Telecoms
11 50 (0.98%) Automotive
12 43 (0.84%) Advertising
12 43 (0.84%) Publishing
13 42 (0.82%) Aerospace
14 40 (0.78%) Financial Institution
15 26 (0.51%) Back Office
16 24 (0.47%) Military
17 17 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,352 (45.96%) Software Engineer
2 1,837 (35.90%) Developer
3 541 (10.57%) Senior Software Engineer
4 409 (7.99%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 366 (7.15%) Java Engineer
6 361 (7.05%) Python Engineer
7 332 (6.49%) Senior Developer
8 329 (6.43%) Python Developer
9 320 (6.25%) Python Software Engineer
10 314 (6.14%) Java Developer
11 310 (6.06%) Java Software Engineer
12 288 (5.63%) Software Developer
13 263 (5.14%) C# Developer
14 250 (4.89%) C# Software Engineer
15 233 (4.55%) JavaScript Developer
16 217 (4.24%) .NET Developer
17 213 (4.16%) .NET Software Engineer
17 213 (4.16%) AWS Engineer
18 204 (3.99%) Architect
19 202 (3.95%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,272 (24.86%) .NET
2 1,086 (21.22%) React
3 996 (19.46%) AngularJS
4 763 (14.91%) Node.js
5 687 (13.43%) HTML
6 663 (12.96%) Web Services
7 648 (12.66%) CSS
8 583 (11.39%) .NET Core
9 521 (10.18%) Vue.js
10 431 (8.42%) REST
11 370 (7.23%) Spring
12 309 (6.04%) Kafka
12 309 (6.04%) RESTful
13 304 (5.94%) ASP.NET
14 281 (5.49%) HTML5
15 273 (5.34%) .NET Framework
16 231 (4.51%) Spring Boot
17 213 (4.16%) CSS3
18 212 (4.14%) RabbitMQ
19 173 (3.38%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 399 (7.80%) Algorithms
2 374 (7.31%) Greenfield Project
3 358 (7.00%) Hedge funds
4 328 (6.41%) Derivative
5 327 (6.39%) Fixed Income
6 279 (5.45%) Equities
7 267 (5.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 250 (4.89%) Data Structures
9 222 (4.34%) Analytical Skills
9 222 (4.34%) User Experience
10 158 (3.09%) Mobile App
11 103 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
12 102 (1.99%) Blog
13 93 (1.82%) Cloud Native
14 92 (1.80%) Management Information System
15 69 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
16 68 (1.33%) Virtual Team
17 62 (1.21%) Public Cloud
18 61 (1.19%) Embedded Systems
19 37 (0.72%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 686 (13.41%) Linux
2 288 (5.63%) Windows
3 156 (3.05%) Android
4 135 (2.64%) Apple iOS
5 125 (2.44%) Unix
6 50 (0.98%) CentOS
7 49 (0.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 24 (0.47%) Windows Server
9 21 (0.41%) Embedded Linux
10 17 (0.33%) Ubuntu
11 15 (0.29%) VMS
12 10 (0.20%) Debian
13 9 (0.18%) Mac OS X
13 9 (0.18%) VxWorks
14 6 (0.12%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.12%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.098%) Robot Operating System
15 5 (0.098%) Windows Server 2016
16 4 (0.078%) FreeRTOS
16 4 (0.078%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,387 (46.65%) Agile Software Development
2 1,134 (22.16%) DevOps
3 1,104 (21.58%) Microservices
4 909 (17.76%) TDD
5 717 (14.01%) Computer Science
6 693 (13.54%) Scrum
7 532 (10.40%) Test Automation
8 520 (10.16%) Continuous Integration
9 500 (9.77%) OO
10 427 (8.34%) Unit Testing
11 424 (8.29%) Problem-Solving
12 408 (7.97%) Fintech
13 387 (7.56%) Mentoring
14 380 (7.43%) Open Source
15 375 (7.33%) Asset Management
16 331 (6.47%) Analytics
17 326 (6.37%) BDD
18 317 (6.20%) Mathematics
19 301 (5.88%) MVC
20 297 (5.80%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 1,968 (38.46%) JavaScript
2 1,774 (34.67%) Java
3 1,704 (33.30%) Python
4 1,455 (28.43%) C#
5 1,187 (23.20%) SQL
6 746 (14.58%) C++
7 444 (8.68%) TypeScript
8 383 (7.48%) C
9 354 (6.92%) Go
10 275 (5.37%) Kotlin
11 210 (4.10%) PHP
12 202 (3.95%) Scala
13 178 (3.48%) Ruby
14 151 (2.95%) Java 8
15 97 (1.90%) Embedded C
16 93 (1.82%) R
17 77 (1.50%) PowerShell
18 75 (1.47%) T-SQL
19 66 (1.29%) Bash Shell
20 60 (1.17%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 918 (17.94%) Degree
2 318 (6.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 209 (4.08%) Security Cleared
4 132 (2.58%) SC Cleared
5 71 (1.39%) DV Cleared
6 68 (1.33%) Numerate Degree
7 49 (0.96%) PhD
8 40 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
8 40 (0.78%) Master's Degree
9 31 (0.61%) AWS Certification
10 13 (0.25%) ISTQB
11 9 (0.18%) HND
12 8 (0.16%) HNC
12 8 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
13 6 (0.12%) ISEB
13 6 (0.12%) OSCE
13 6 (0.12%) OSCP
14 5 (0.098%) CCNA
14 5 (0.098%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 256 (5.00%) QA
2 32 (0.63%) GDPR
3 21 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 19 (0.37%) PMO
5 17 (0.33%) ISO 26262
6 13 (0.25%) ISO 9001
6 13 (0.25%) NIST
7 11 (0.21%) SLA
8 8 (0.16%) Data Quality
8 8 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.14%) IEC 61508
9 7 (0.14%) ISO 13485
9 7 (0.14%) MISRA
10 5 (0.098%) DO-178B
10 5 (0.098%) NIST 800
11 4 (0.078%) MISRA C
12 3 (0.059%) EMIR
12 3 (0.059%) MiFID
13 2 (0.039%) COBIT
13 2 (0.039%) GAMP
System Software
1 1,031 (20.15%) Docker
2 42 (0.82%) Firmware
2 42 (0.82%) HDFS
3 27 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.45%) Active Directory
5 11 (0.21%) Hyper-V
6 10 (0.20%) vSphere
7 8 (0.16%) KVM
8 5 (0.098%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.078%) Kamailio
9 4 (0.078%) LXC
9 4 (0.078%) OpenSIPS
10 2 (0.039%) etcd
10 2 (0.039%) iptables
10 2 (0.039%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.020%) Gluster
11 1 (0.020%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.020%) NFS
11 1 (0.020%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.020%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 770 (15.05%) Kubernetes
2 346 (6.76%) Terraform
3 209 (4.08%) Ansible
4 68 (1.33%) Puppet
5 49 (0.96%) Prometheus
6 46 (0.90%) Grafana
7 34 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
8 24 (0.47%) Graphite
9 23 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
10 16 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
11 13 (0.25%) Consul
11 13 (0.25%) Marathon
11 13 (0.25%) Mesos
12 12 (0.23%) ZABBIX
13 11 (0.21%) Rancher
14 9 (0.18%) Istio
14 9 (0.18%) Nagios
15 8 (0.16%) Kibana
15 8 (0.16%) Packer
16 7 (0.14%) MIIS
Vendors
1 328 (6.41%) Microsoft
2 200 (3.91%) Google
3 180 (3.52%) Oracle
4 71 (1.39%) VMware
5 57 (1.11%) Talend
6 49 (0.96%) SAP
6 49 (0.96%) Xamarin
7 47 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
8 45 (0.88%) Atlassian
8 45 (0.88%) Cloudera
9 42 (0.82%) Informatica
10 38 (0.74%) IBM
11 33 (0.64%) Red Hat
12 30 (0.59%) MuleSoft
13 24 (0.47%) Facebook
14 23 (0.45%) TIBCO
15 20 (0.39%) Apple
16 17 (0.33%) Dell
16 17 (0.33%) UiPath
17 16 (0.31%) Veracode