Period
to 6 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 6 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
6 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 15 20 20
Rank change year-on-year +5 0 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 9,194 9,366 14,080
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 11.75% 9.95% 10.35%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 12.66% 10.77% 11.22%
Number of salaries quoted 6,730 7,733 10,712
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £40,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £73,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,635 86,948 125,540
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.80% 92.34% 92.30%
Number of salaries quoted 55,837 70,349 100,239
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £40,625 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £91,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 6 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 6 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 4,624 £77,500 +3.33% 886
North of England +6 1,314 £54,653 +9.31% 391
South East -1 1,297 £55,000 +4.76% 323
South West 0 899 £52,500 +9.72% 219
North West +5 641 £55,000 +4.76% 244
Yorkshire 0 549 £52,500 +5.00% 112
Midlands -2 534 £50,000 - 199
East of England +9 379 £55,000 +10.00% 219
West Midlands -4 319 £55,000 +15.79% 123
East Midlands -7 214 £50,000 - 75
North East -3 124 £55,000 +15.79% 35
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 6 May 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 4,508 (49.03%) Agile Software Development
2 3,385 (36.82%) JavaScript
3 3,143 (34.19%) AWS
4 2,986 (32.48%) Java
5 2,909 (31.64%) Python
6 2,595 (28.22%) C#
7 2,370 (25.78%) Docker
8 2,163 (23.53%) .NET
9 2,104 (22.88%) Finance
10 2,073 (22.55%) React
11 2,069 (22.50%) DevOps
12 2,038 (22.17%) Microservices
13 2,015 (21.92%) Azure
14 1,969 (21.42%) SQL
15 1,924 (20.93%) Kubernetes
16 1,578 (17.16%) Social Skills
17 1,557 (16.93%) TDD
18 1,446 (15.73%) AngularJS
19 1,445 (15.72%) Degree
20 1,430 (15.55%) Node.js
21 1,389 (15.11%) C++
22 1,287 (14.00%) GCP
23 1,250 (13.60%) Linux
24 1,194 (12.99%) Scrum
25 1,190 (12.94%) Computer Science
26 1,156 (12.57%) TypeScript
27 1,118 (12.16%) Git (software)
28 1,081 (11.76%) CSS
28 1,081 (11.76%) HTML
29 1,074 (11.68%) .NET Core

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 328 (3.57%) Elasticsearch
2 322 (3.50%) Apache Spark
3 267 (2.90%) Confluence
4 239 (2.60%) Apache
5 87 (0.95%) nginx
6 71 (0.77%) CMS
7 62 (0.67%) Tomcat
8 41 (0.45%) SAS
9 39 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 28 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
10 28 (0.30%) JBoss
11 25 (0.27%) OpenStack
12 24 (0.26%) GemFire
12 24 (0.26%) Jupyter
12 24 (0.26%) Tornado
13 23 (0.25%) SharePoint
14 22 (0.24%) IIS
15 21 (0.23%) Cloud Foundry
16 19 (0.21%) Headless CMS
17 17 (0.18%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 57 (0.62%) Simulink
2 40 (0.44%) Sketch
3 34 (0.37%) InVision
4 32 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
5 26 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
6 17 (0.18%) Stateflow
7 10 (0.11%) AutoCAD
7 10 (0.11%) Zeplin
8 9 (0.098%) Adobe Illustrator
9 8 (0.087%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 8 (0.087%) GIMP
9 8 (0.087%) Photoshop
10 7 (0.076%) Figma
10 7 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 7 (0.076%) UXPin
11 6 (0.065%) Adobe XD
11 6 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
12 5 (0.054%) Chatbot
13 4 (0.044%) Gliffy
13 4 (0.044%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 29 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.24%) Shopify
3 21 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
4 14 (0.15%) R3 Corda
5 13 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.13%) Magento
7 10 (0.11%) Eagle PACE
7 10 (0.11%) Markit EDM
8 8 (0.087%) NetSuite
8 8 (0.087%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 6 (0.065%) Distributed Ledger
9 6 (0.065%) Sentinel
10 4 (0.044%) Dynamics NAV
10 4 (0.044%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 4 (0.044%) Primavera
11 3 (0.033%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
12 2 (0.022%) SAP Business One
13 1 (0.011%) PolarLake
13 1 (0.011%) SAP R/3
13 1 (0.011%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 3,143 (34.19%) AWS
2 2,015 (21.92%) Azure
3 1,287 (14.00%) GCP
4 864 (9.40%) Serverless
5 517 (5.62%) SaaS
6 430 (4.68%) AWS Lambda
7 324 (3.52%) GitHub
8 244 (2.65%) AWS CloudFormation
9 217 (2.36%) Amazon EC2
10 190 (2.07%) Amazon S3
11 176 (1.91%) PaaS
12 170 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
13 167 (1.82%) Amazon ECS
14 127 (1.38%) Amazon SQS
15 93 (1.01%) IaaS
16 90 (0.98%) npm
17 76 (0.83%) AWS Step Functions
18 73 (0.79%) IBM Cloud
19 69 (0.75%) Azure Service Bus
20 65 (0.71%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 173 (1.88%) Internet
2 152 (1.65%) HTTP
3 80 (0.87%) TCP/IP
4 78 (0.85%) Wireless
5 54 (0.59%) Bluetooth
5 54 (0.59%) Wi-Fi
6 51 (0.55%) Ethernet
7 31 (0.34%) Broadband
7 31 (0.34%) Firewall
8 29 (0.32%) Wireshark
9 24 (0.26%) ZigBee
10 22 (0.24%) Modbus
10 22 (0.24%) RS-422
11 21 (0.23%) MQTT
11 21 (0.23%) RS-485
12 19 (0.21%) DNS
13 18 (0.20%) PPP
14 17 (0.18%) AMQP
14 17 (0.18%) Network Security
15 14 (0.15%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 892 (9.70%) NoSQL
2 757 (8.23%) SQL Server
3 742 (8.07%) PostgreSQL
4 624 (6.79%) Big Data
5 559 (6.08%) MySQL
6 524 (5.70%) Relational Database
7 384 (4.18%) MongoDB
8 290 (3.15%) Redis
9 278 (3.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 270 (2.94%) Hadoop
11 169 (1.84%) Amazon RDS
12 135 (1.47%) Amazon Redshift
13 129 (1.40%) RDBMS
14 107 (1.16%) Data Warehouse
15 103 (1.12%) Neo4j
16 87 (0.95%) Amazon Aurora
17 79 (0.86%) Apache Hive
18 70 (0.76%) Apache Cassandra
19 68 (0.74%) BigQuery
19 68 (0.74%) GIS
Development Applications
1 1,118 (12.16%) Git (software)
2 708 (7.70%) Jenkins
3 470 (5.11%) JIRA
4 338 (3.68%) GitLab
5 236 (2.57%) Cypress.io
6 182 (1.98%) Maven
7 181 (1.97%) Selenium
8 172 (1.87%) JUnit
9 171 (1.86%) Visual Studio
10 168 (1.83%) webpack
11 159 (1.73%) Subversion
12 155 (1.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 118 (1.28%) Cucumber
14 113 (1.23%) TeamCity
15 106 (1.15%) Mercurial
16 97 (1.06%) Gradle
17 92 (1.00%) CircleCI
18 84 (0.91%) Octopus Deploy
19 83 (0.90%) Vagrant
20 82 (0.89%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,104 (22.88%) Finance
2 1,578 (17.16%) Social Skills
3 448 (4.87%) Front Office
4 438 (4.76%) Banking
5 380 (4.13%) Games
6 360 (3.92%) Analytical Skills
7 346 (3.76%) Marketing
8 344 (3.74%) Retail
9 311 (3.38%) Electronics
10 263 (2.86%) Public Sector
11 237 (2.58%) Law
12 226 (2.46%) Manufacturing
13 180 (1.96%) Telecoms
14 166 (1.81%) Legal
15 109 (1.19%) Presentation Skills
16 85 (0.92%) Financial Institution
17 83 (0.90%) Aerospace
18 80 (0.87%) Organisational Skills
19 76 (0.83%) Automotive
20 72 (0.78%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 4,141 (45.04%) Software Engineer
2 3,259 (35.45%) Developer
3 1,069 (11.63%) Senior Software Engineer
4 627 (6.82%) Senior Developer
5 611 (6.65%) Java Engineer
6 607 (6.60%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 528 (5.74%) Java Software Engineer
8 500 (5.44%) Software Developer
9 499 (5.43%) React Developer
10 479 (5.21%) Java Developer
11 458 (4.98%) C# Developer
12 429 (4.67%) .NET Developer
13 357 (3.88%) Python Engineer
14 355 (3.86%) JavaScript Developer
15 350 (3.81%) AWS Engineer
16 347 (3.77%) .NET Software Engineer
17 346 (3.76%) Python Developer
18 326 (3.55%) C# Software Engineer
19 310 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
20 303 (3.30%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,163 (23.53%) .NET
2 2,073 (22.55%) React
3 1,446 (15.73%) AngularJS
4 1,430 (15.55%) Node.js
5 1,081 (11.76%) CSS
5 1,081 (11.76%) HTML
6 1,074 (11.68%) .NET Core
7 1,065 (11.58%) Web Services
8 839 (9.13%) REST
9 747 (8.12%) Vue.js
10 693 (7.54%) Spring
11 667 (7.25%) RESTful
12 660 (7.18%) Kafka
13 564 (6.13%) .NET Framework
14 434 (4.72%) ASP.NET
15 420 (4.57%) HTML5
16 416 (4.52%) GraphQL
17 412 (4.48%) Spring Boot
18 409 (4.45%) React Native
19 315 (3.43%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 626 (6.81%) Greenfield Project
2 540 (5.87%) Algorithms
3 530 (5.76%) User Experience
4 410 (4.46%) Hedge funds
5 306 (3.33%) Data Structures
6 289 (3.14%) Derivative
7 277 (3.01%) Equities
8 262 (2.85%) Fixed Income
9 256 (2.78%) Mobile App
10 241 (2.62%) Self-Motivation
11 229 (2.49%) Cloud Native
12 225 (2.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 191 (2.08%) Virtual Team
14 184 (2.00%) Blog
15 171 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
16 135 (1.47%) Management Information System
17 129 (1.40%) Embedded Systems
18 109 (1.19%) Public Cloud
19 93 (1.01%) Social Media
20 83 (0.90%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 1,250 (13.60%) Linux
2 378 (4.11%) Windows
3 270 (2.94%) Android
4 223 (2.43%) Apple iOS
5 215 (2.34%) Unix
6 95 (1.03%) Embedded Linux
7 82 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 72 (0.78%) CentOS
9 32 (0.35%) Windows Server
10 14 (0.15%) Debian
11 11 (0.12%) Ubuntu
12 10 (0.11%) FreeRTOS
13 9 (0.098%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 9 (0.098%) VxWorks
14 4 (0.044%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.033%) Fedora
15 3 (0.033%) VMS
16 2 (0.022%) Amazon Linux
16 2 (0.022%) CoreOS
16 2 (0.022%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,508 (49.03%) Agile Software Development
2 2,069 (22.50%) DevOps
3 2,038 (22.17%) Microservices
4 1,557 (16.93%) TDD
5 1,194 (12.99%) Scrum
6 1,190 (12.94%) Computer Science
7 970 (10.55%) Test Automation
8 959 (10.43%) Mentoring
9 911 (9.91%) OO
10 881 (9.58%) Problem-Solving
11 880 (9.57%) Fintech
12 876 (9.53%) Continuous Integration
13 742 (8.07%) Analytics
14 694 (7.55%) Artificial Intelligence
15 661 (7.19%) Machine Learning
16 632 (6.87%) Unit Testing
17 613 (6.67%) OOP
18 604 (6.57%) Open Source
19 580 (6.31%) SDLC
20 574 (6.24%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,385 (36.82%) JavaScript
2 2,986 (32.48%) Java
3 2,909 (31.64%) Python
4 2,595 (28.22%) C#
5 1,969 (21.42%) SQL
6 1,389 (15.11%) C++
7 1,156 (12.57%) TypeScript
8 704 (7.66%) Go
9 649 (7.06%) C
10 456 (4.96%) Ruby
11 419 (4.56%) Scala
12 356 (3.87%) Kotlin
13 329 (3.58%) PHP
14 218 (2.37%) Java 8
15 210 (2.28%) ES6
16 147 (1.60%) T-SQL
17 126 (1.37%) Bash Shell
18 121 (1.32%) R
19 96 (1.04%) Embedded C
20 95 (1.03%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 1,445 (15.72%) Degree
2 527 (5.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 518 (5.63%) Security Cleared
4 401 (4.36%) SC Cleared
5 132 (1.44%) Master's Degree
6 109 (1.19%) PhD
7 104 (1.13%) Numerate Degree
8 61 (0.66%) DV Cleared
9 40 (0.44%) HND
10 31 (0.34%) HNC
11 26 (0.28%) AWS Certification
12 23 (0.25%) SANS
13 21 (0.23%) ISTQB
14 17 (0.18%) OCP
14 17 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
15 16 (0.17%) DBS Check
16 14 (0.15%) RHCE
16 14 (0.15%) RHCSA
17 13 (0.14%) Chartered Engineer
18 12 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 396 (4.31%) QA
2 51 (0.55%) GDPR
3 36 (0.39%) WCAG
4 28 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 26 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 26 (0.28%) SLA
6 21 (0.23%) PCI DSS
7 17 (0.18%) MISRA
8 14 (0.15%) ISO 9001
9 12 (0.13%) Def Stans
9 12 (0.13%) IEC 61131
9 12 (0.13%) IEC 61508
10 11 (0.12%) ISO 26262
11 10 (0.11%) SOC 2
12 8 (0.087%) MISRA C
12 8 (0.087%) NIST
13 7 (0.076%) SOC 1
14 6 (0.065%) CDISC
14 6 (0.065%) IEC 62304
15 5 (0.054%) HIPAA
System Software
1 2,370 (25.78%) Docker
2 83 (0.90%) VirtualBox
3 73 (0.79%) Firmware
4 69 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
5 37 (0.40%) HDFS
6 25 (0.27%) KVM
7 18 (0.20%) Hyper-V
8 17 (0.18%) Active Directory
9 10 (0.11%) Kamailio
9 10 (0.11%) OpenSIPS
10 8 (0.087%) Apache Flume
10 8 (0.087%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.033%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.033%) ISA Server
11 3 (0.033%) OpenAM
11 3 (0.033%) OpenDJ
11 3 (0.033%) Postfix
11 3 (0.033%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (0.022%) Varnish
12 2 (0.022%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,924 (20.93%) Kubernetes
2 892 (9.70%) Terraform
3 466 (5.07%) Ansible
4 122 (1.33%) Puppet
5 104 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
6 101 (1.10%) Docker Swarm
7 63 (0.69%) Grafana
8 62 (0.67%) Prometheus
9 44 (0.48%) Packer
10 39 (0.42%) Consul
11 23 (0.25%) Nagios
12 22 (0.24%) Istio
13 19 (0.21%) CFEngine
13 19 (0.21%) Demisto
14 18 (0.20%) Kibana
15 15 (0.16%) Graphite
16 11 (0.12%) Rancher
17 8 (0.087%) HP Fortify
17 8 (0.087%) ITRS Geneos
18 7 (0.076%) linkerd
Vendors
1 576 (6.26%) Microsoft
2 512 (5.57%) Google
3 402 (4.37%) Oracle
4 156 (1.70%) IBM
5 120 (1.31%) SAP
6 101 (1.10%) VMware
7 83 (0.90%) Cloudera
8 73 (0.79%) Red Hat
8 73 (0.79%) Talend
9 64 (0.70%) Informatica
9 64 (0.70%) Sybase
10 63 (0.69%) Atlassian
11 62 (0.67%) Hortonworks
12 59 (0.64%) Salesforce.com
13 57 (0.62%) Xamarin
14 46 (0.50%) Splunk
15 44 (0.48%) Adobe
16 42 (0.46%) PagerDuty
17 39 (0.42%) Facebook
18 38 (0.41%) Samsung