Period
to 15 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
15 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 18 22
Rank change year-on-year +6 +4 +1
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 14,992 4,716 12,294
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 13.63% 10.70% 9.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.45% 11.48% 10.44%
Number of salaries quoted 8,318 4,038 9,393
10th Percentile £39,425 £37,500 £33,750
25th Percentile £48,750 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% +4.35% +9.52%
75th Percentile £92,500 £82,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £112,500 £112,500 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £56,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +7.14% +6.67%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 103,743 41,075 117,811
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.31% 93.23% 92.66%
Number of salaries quoted 69,838 34,569 94,786
10th Percentile £32,982 £33,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,700 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 15 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 8,178 £82,500 +3.13% 1,177
South East +2 2,045 £55,000 - 371
North of England +2 1,948 £55,000 +4.76% 429
South West +15 1,103 £55,000 +15.79% 257
North West +5 935 £57,500 +4.55% 240
Yorkshire -1 839 £55,000 +10.00% 142
Midlands -4 753 £55,000 +13.40% 270
East of England +13 612 £51,750 -5.91% 247
West Midlands +2 523 £55,000 +10.00% 161
East Midlands -9 231 £50,000 +5.26% 107
North East -5 174 £50,000 +11.11% 47
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 15 October 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,562 (50.44%) Agile Software Development
2 5,597 (37.33%) AWS
3 5,199 (34.68%) JavaScript
4 5,175 (34.52%) Java
5 4,840 (32.28%) Python
6 4,470 (29.82%) React
7 3,910 (26.08%) Docker
8 3,633 (24.23%) Finance
9 3,594 (23.97%) C#
10 3,576 (23.85%) DevOps
11 3,341 (22.29%) Azure
12 3,269 (21.80%) Kubernetes
13 3,257 (21.72%) Microservices
14 3,180 (21.21%) SQL
15 2,852 (19.02%) Node.js
16 2,828 (18.86%) Full Stack Development
17 2,751 (18.35%) .NET
18 2,698 (18.00%) Degree
19 2,690 (17.94%) Social Skills
20 2,613 (17.43%) TDD
21 2,487 (16.59%) TypeScript
22 2,328 (15.53%) Computer Science
23 2,226 (14.85%) Git (software)
24 2,110 (14.07%) AngularJS
25 2,041 (13.61%) GCP
26 2,017 (13.45%) Scrum
27 1,992 (13.29%) Problem-Solving
28 1,968 (13.13%) Test Automation
29 1,958 (13.06%) Linux
30 1,925 (12.84%) Web Services

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 658 (4.39%) Apache Spark
2 614 (4.10%) Elasticsearch
3 524 (3.50%) Apache
4 339 (2.26%) Confluence
5 185 (1.23%) GemFire
6 156 (1.04%) CMS
7 105 (0.70%) Tomcat
8 104 (0.69%) nginx
9 86 (0.57%) Apache Airflow
10 72 (0.48%) GeoServer
11 60 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
12 57 (0.38%) SAS
13 55 (0.37%) WebLogic
14 48 (0.32%) JBoss
15 46 (0.31%) Tornado
16 43 (0.29%) Jupyter
17 42 (0.28%) WordPress
18 41 (0.27%) Apache Pulsar
19 40 (0.27%) OpenStack
19 40 (0.27%) SharePoint
Applications
1 71 (0.47%) Simulink
2 70 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 58 (0.39%) Sketch
4 50 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
5 43 (0.29%) InVision
6 39 (0.26%) Figma
7 28 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 27 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
9 20 (0.13%) GIMP
10 19 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
11 14 (0.093%) Chatbot
11 14 (0.093%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 7 (0.047%) MS Visio
12 7 (0.047%) Zeplin
13 6 (0.040%) Maya
14 5 (0.033%) Fireworks
15 4 (0.027%) Stateflow
15 4 (0.027%) UXPin
16 3 (0.020%) Microsoft Project
16 3 (0.020%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 75 (0.50%) Distributed Ledger
2 62 (0.41%) R3 Corda
3 48 (0.32%) Shopify
4 36 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
5 32 (0.21%) Magento
6 25 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
7 14 (0.093%) Summit
8 11 (0.073%) Sentinel
9 10 (0.067%) Primavera
10 8 (0.053%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 5 (0.033%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
11 5 (0.033%) RMDS
11 5 (0.033%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 4 (0.027%) MetaTrader
12 4 (0.027%) NetSuite
12 4 (0.027%) Oracle Financials
13 3 (0.020%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
13 3 (0.020%) Oracle BPM
13 3 (0.020%) Oracle EBS
13 3 (0.020%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 5,597 (37.33%) AWS
2 3,341 (22.29%) Azure
3 2,041 (13.61%) GCP
4 1,859 (12.40%) Serverless
5 1,075 (7.17%) AWS Lambda
6 1,003 (6.69%) GitHub
7 752 (5.02%) SaaS
8 579 (3.86%) Amazon S3
9 472 (3.15%) Amazon EC2
10 452 (3.01%) AWS CloudFormation
11 435 (2.90%) Amazon SQS
12 365 (2.43%) Amazon ECS
13 343 (2.29%) OpenShift
14 314 (2.09%) Amazon Kinesis
15 252 (1.68%) PaaS
16 246 (1.64%) AWS Step Functions
17 241 (1.61%) Cloud Computing
18 191 (1.27%) Amazon EKS
19 152 (1.01%) npm
20 134 (0.89%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 466 (3.11%) HTTP
2 237 (1.58%) Internet
3 224 (1.49%) Broadband
4 213 (1.42%) TCP/IP
5 105 (0.70%) Ethernet
6 72 (0.48%) Wireless
7 64 (0.43%) DNS
8 61 (0.41%) Modbus
9 54 (0.36%) Firewall
10 53 (0.35%) RS-422
10 53 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
11 50 (0.33%) Kerberos
12 45 (0.30%) MQTT
13 43 (0.29%) Bluetooth
14 42 (0.28%) RS-485
15 38 (0.25%) SSH
16 32 (0.21%) SSL
17 31 (0.21%) 5G
18 28 (0.19%) HTTPS
18 28 (0.19%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,654 (11.03%) PostgreSQL
2 1,501 (10.01%) NoSQL
3 1,170 (7.80%) SQL Server
4 1,002 (6.68%) Relational Database
5 939 (6.26%) MySQL
6 871 (5.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 787 (5.25%) MongoDB
8 781 (5.21%) Big Data
9 683 (4.56%) Redis
10 418 (2.79%) Amazon RDS
11 362 (2.41%) Hadoop
12 324 (2.16%) Amazon Aurora
13 257 (1.71%) MariaDB
14 252 (1.68%) Amazon Athena
15 233 (1.55%) HBase
16 194 (1.29%) Amazon Redshift
17 168 (1.12%) RDBMS
18 164 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
19 162 (1.08%) Blockchain
20 145 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 2,226 (14.85%) Git (software)
2 1,593 (10.63%) Jenkins
3 697 (4.65%) JIRA
4 582 (3.88%) Cypress.io
5 512 (3.42%) GitLab
6 445 (2.97%) JUnit
7 323 (2.15%) Cucumber
8 311 (2.07%) Gradle
9 285 (1.90%) Octopus Deploy
9 285 (1.90%) Selenium
10 284 (1.89%) Maven
11 282 (1.88%) webpack
12 278 (1.85%) Eclipse
12 278 (1.85%) TeamCity
13 273 (1.82%) Storybook
14 267 (1.78%) Mockito
15 247 (1.65%) SonarQube
16 233 (1.55%) Protractor
17 229 (1.53%) Sonatype Nexus
18 222 (1.48%) Subversion
General
1 3,633 (24.23%) Finance
2 2,690 (17.94%) Social Skills
3 1,128 (7.52%) Banking
4 775 (5.17%) Analytical Skills
5 673 (4.49%) Retail
6 671 (4.48%) Front Office
6 671 (4.48%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 626 (4.18%) Games
8 556 (3.71%) Marketing
9 543 (3.62%) Law
10 314 (2.09%) Electronics
11 280 (1.87%) Presentation Skills
12 269 (1.79%) Public Sector
13 240 (1.60%) Legal
14 238 (1.59%) Telecoms
15 230 (1.53%) Manufacturing
16 163 (1.09%) Pharmaceutical
17 157 (1.05%) Publishing
18 149 (0.99%) Financial Institution
19 141 (0.94%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 7,184 (47.92%) Software Engineer
2 4,605 (30.72%) Developer
3 2,138 (14.26%) Senior Software Engineer
4 982 (6.55%) Senior Developer
5 907 (6.05%) Java Engineer
6 875 (5.84%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 769 (5.13%) Python Engineer
8 768 (5.12%) Java Software Engineer
9 739 (4.93%) Software Developer
10 728 (4.86%) Java Developer
11 626 (4.18%) React Developer
12 610 (4.07%) Python Developer
13 573 (3.82%) Python Software Engineer
14 555 (3.70%) C# Developer
15 533 (3.56%) Lead Software Engineer
16 469 (3.13%) Lead Developer
17 445 (2.97%) Architect
18 439 (2.93%) Principal Engineer
19 433 (2.89%) Full Stack Developer
20 403 (2.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,470 (29.82%) React
2 2,852 (19.02%) Node.js
3 2,751 (18.35%) .NET
4 2,110 (14.07%) AngularJS
5 1,925 (12.84%) Web Services
6 1,899 (12.67%) CSS
7 1,644 (10.97%) HTML
8 1,462 (9.75%) REST
9 1,402 (9.35%) RESTful
10 1,374 (9.16%) Spring
11 1,308 (8.72%) Kafka
12 1,149 (7.66%) .NET Core
13 976 (6.51%) GraphQL
13 976 (6.51%) Vue.js
14 937 (6.25%) Redux
15 795 (5.30%) Spring Boot
16 605 (4.04%) .NET Framework
17 582 (3.88%) JSON
18 576 (3.84%) HTML5
19 575 (3.84%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 1,482 (9.89%) User Experience
2 975 (6.50%) Algorithms
3 747 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
4 601 (4.01%) Hedge funds
5 503 (3.36%) Data Structures
6 496 (3.31%) Mobile App
7 490 (3.27%) Cloud Native
8 462 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
9 394 (2.63%) Equities
10 389 (2.59%) Derivative
11 348 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
12 339 (2.26%) Virtual Team
13 323 (2.15%) Fixed Income
14 318 (2.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 297 (1.98%) Linux Command Line
16 284 (1.89%) Social Media
17 245 (1.63%) Legacy Systems
18 214 (1.43%) Blog
19 195 (1.30%) Management Information System
20 176 (1.17%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 1,958 (13.06%) Linux
2 652 (4.35%) Unix
3 561 (3.74%) Windows
4 494 (3.30%) Apple iOS
5 486 (3.24%) Android
6 108 (0.72%) Ubuntu
7 106 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 105 (0.70%) Embedded Linux
9 104 (0.69%) CentOS
10 69 (0.46%) Windows Server
11 40 (0.27%) Mac OS
12 34 (0.23%) Mesosphere
13 26 (0.17%) Debian
14 23 (0.15%) Solaris
15 22 (0.15%) Windows 10
16 14 (0.093%) FreeRTOS
16 14 (0.093%) VMS
16 14 (0.093%) VxWorks
17 9 (0.060%) CoreOS
18 7 (0.047%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,562 (50.44%) Agile Software Development
2 3,576 (23.85%) DevOps
3 3,257 (21.72%) Microservices
4 2,828 (18.86%) Full Stack Development
5 2,613 (17.43%) TDD
6 2,328 (15.53%) Computer Science
7 2,017 (13.45%) Scrum
8 1,992 (13.29%) Problem-Solving
9 1,968 (13.13%) Test Automation
10 1,811 (12.08%) Mentoring
11 1,742 (11.62%) Continuous Integration
12 1,447 (9.65%) Analytics
13 1,435 (9.57%) OO
14 1,305 (8.70%) Fintech
15 1,261 (8.41%) Machine Learning
16 1,255 (8.37%) SDLC
17 1,251 (8.34%) Artificial Intelligence
18 1,188 (7.92%) Unit Testing
19 1,012 (6.75%) Continuous Improvement
20 999 (6.66%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 5,199 (34.68%) JavaScript
2 5,175 (34.52%) Java
3 4,840 (32.28%) Python
4 3,594 (23.97%) C#
5 3,180 (21.21%) SQL
6 2,487 (16.59%) TypeScript
7 1,866 (12.45%) C++
8 1,189 (7.93%) Go
9 1,013 (6.76%) C
10 894 (5.96%) Kotlin
11 863 (5.76%) Scala
12 787 (5.25%) PHP
13 598 (3.99%) Ruby
14 372 (2.48%) Shell Script
15 354 (2.36%) ES6
16 334 (2.23%) Java 8
17 292 (1.95%) Bash Shell
18 270 (1.80%) Groovy
19 232 (1.55%) T-SQL
20 230 (1.53%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 2,698 (18.00%) Degree
2 837 (5.58%) Computer Science Degree
3 622 (4.15%) Security Cleared
4 410 (2.73%) SC Cleared
5 246 (1.64%) Master's Degree
6 176 (1.17%) OCP
6 176 (1.17%) Oracle Certification
7 160 (1.07%) PhD
8 123 (0.82%) HND
9 92 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
10 81 (0.54%) HNC
11 75 (0.50%) DV Cleared
12 67 (0.45%) AWS Certification
13 29 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
14 22 (0.15%) DBS Check
14 22 (0.15%) ISTQB
14 22 (0.15%) Postgraduate
15 20 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
16 18 (0.12%) ISEB
17 16 (0.11%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,138 (7.59%) QA
2 174 (1.16%) Accessibility
3 88 (0.59%) GDPR
4 76 (0.51%) MISRA
5 68 (0.45%) Data Quality
6 57 (0.38%) SLA
7 54 (0.36%) WCAG
8 50 (0.33%) MISRA C
9 37 (0.25%) ECSS
10 30 (0.20%) PCI DSS
11 27 (0.18%) IEC 61508
12 26 (0.17%) GxP
12 26 (0.17%) ISO 9001
13 24 (0.16%) Def Stans
13 24 (0.16%) ISO 13485
14 22 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 19 (0.13%) PSD2
16 17 (0.11%) DO-254
17 15 (0.10%) DO-178B
18 14 (0.093%) CDISC
System Software
1 3,910 (26.08%) Docker
2 208 (1.39%) HDFS
3 186 (1.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 135 (0.90%) Firmware
5 47 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 46 (0.31%) Active Directory
7 41 (0.27%) VirtualBox
8 30 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
9 13 (0.087%) Hyper-V
10 11 (0.073%) ISA Server
11 10 (0.067%) KVM
11 10 (0.067%) Virtual Servers
12 6 (0.040%) VMware ESXi
13 4 (0.027%) Kamailio
13 4 (0.027%) LXC
13 4 (0.027%) OpenSIPS
14 3 (0.020%) Microsoft App-V
14 3 (0.020%) NFS
14 3 (0.020%) Varnish
15 2 (0.013%) Samba
Systems Management
1 3,269 (21.80%) Kubernetes
2 1,663 (11.09%) Terraform
3 897 (5.98%) Ansible
4 321 (2.14%) Opscode Chef
5 252 (1.68%) Grafana
6 245 (1.63%) Prometheus
7 188 (1.25%) Puppet
8 77 (0.51%) Istio
9 73 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
10 69 (0.46%) Kibana
11 49 (0.33%) Packer
12 43 (0.29%) Consul
13 36 (0.24%) logstash
14 34 (0.23%) Automic
15 32 (0.21%) Graphite
16 24 (0.16%) Apache Brooklyn
17 23 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
17 23 (0.15%) Rancher
18 17 (0.11%) Control-M
19 15 (0.10%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 1,009 (6.73%) Google
2 996 (6.64%) Microsoft
3 713 (4.76%) Oracle
4 272 (1.81%) VMware
5 213 (1.42%) Okta
6 139 (0.93%) Xamarin
7 129 (0.86%) Atlassian
8 127 (0.85%) Samsung
8 127 (0.85%) Splunk
9 123 (0.82%) IBM
10 108 (0.72%) SAP
11 94 (0.63%) Facebook
12 91 (0.61%) Apple
12 91 (0.61%) Red Hat
13 82 (0.55%) Adobe
13 82 (0.55%) LexisNexis
14 74 (0.49%) Salesforce.com
15 66 (0.44%) New Relic
16 60 (0.40%) Dell
17 59 (0.39%) Informatica