Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 9 13 20
Rank change year-on-year +4 +7 +1
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 25,391 12,471 7,381
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 16.90% 13.15% 10.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 17.73% 13.98% 10.91%
Number of salaries quoted 8,986 7,428 6,115
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £36,250
25th Percentile £50,120 £47,500 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% +9.09%
75th Percentile £93,750 £86,250 £78,750
90th Percentile £120,000 £105,000 £100,000
UK median annual salary £69,078 £61,500 £59,254
% change year-on-year +12.32% +3.79% +7.73%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 143,195 89,175 67,657
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 95.33% 94.03% 93.03%
Number of salaries quoted 74,995 62,554 55,189
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £56,757 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.71% +3.19% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +6 15,205 £85,000 +6.25% 726
South East +8 3,260 £57,500 +4.55% 297
North of England -1 2,592 £55,000 - 289
South West +3 1,650 £60,000 +14.29% 182
North West +1 1,411 £57,500 +4.55% 158
Midlands +5 1,225 £59,500 +13.33% 172
East of England +4 1,188 £60,000 +9.09% 187
Yorkshire +2 1,001 £55,000 +0.32% 98
West Midlands +13 815 £60,000 +9.09% 108
East Midlands +2 407 £52,500 +5.00% 64
North East -6 182 £52,500 -2.78% 33
South Coast - 1 - -
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 12,930 (50.92%) Agile
2 8,928 (35.16%) AWS
3 8,868 (34.93%) Java
4 8,774 (34.56%) Python
5 8,745 (34.44%) JavaScript
6 7,123 (28.05%) React
7 6,627 (26.10%) Finance
8 6,321 (24.89%) Docker
9 5,918 (23.31%) CI/CD
10 5,612 (22.10%) Social Skills
11 5,534 (21.80%) DevOps
12 5,514 (21.72%) Azure
13 5,467 (21.53%) Microservices
14 5,439 (21.42%) SQL
15 5,407 (21.29%) C#
16 5,315 (20.93%) Degree
17 5,279 (20.79%) Kubernetes
18 4,787 (18.85%) .NET
19 4,582 (18.05%) TDD
20 4,522 (17.81%) TypeScript
21 4,456 (17.55%) Node.js
22 4,184 (16.48%) Computer Science
23 4,156 (16.37%) Full Stack Development
24 4,129 (16.26%) Problem-Solving
25 4,060 (15.99%) Mentoring
26 4,048 (15.94%) Git (software)
27 3,778 (14.88%) GCP
28 3,754 (14.78%) Test Automation
29 3,534 (13.92%) C++
30 3,437 (13.54%) Scrum

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 658 (2.59%) Confluence
2 594 (2.34%) Apache Spark
3 533 (2.10%) Apache
4 427 (1.68%) CMS
5 226 (0.89%) Umbraco
6 225 (0.89%) Apache Airflow
7 122 (0.48%) Headless CMS
8 119 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
9 114 (0.45%) WordPress
10 97 (0.38%) Tornado
11 95 (0.37%) GeoServer
12 93 (0.37%) SharePoint
13 69 (0.27%) Tomcat
14 62 (0.24%) Jupyter
15 55 (0.22%) OpenStack
16 49 (0.19%) Drupal
17 43 (0.17%) WebSphere
18 41 (0.16%) nginx
19 39 (0.15%) JBoss
20 32 (0.13%) Apache Pulsar
Applications
1 163 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
2 143 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 131 (0.52%) Sketch
4 95 (0.37%) Simulink
5 69 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 56 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 47 (0.19%) Chatbot
8 36 (0.14%) Maya
9 32 (0.13%) Photoshop
10 23 (0.091%) Blender
11 22 (0.087%) Adobe XD
11 22 (0.087%) Stateflow
12 20 (0.079%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 19 (0.075%) InVision
13 19 (0.075%) ZBrush
14 18 (0.071%) CATIA
15 15 (0.059%) CANalyzer
15 15 (0.059%) TargetLink
15 15 (0.059%) Zeplin
16 14 (0.055%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 132 (0.52%) Payment Gateway
2 78 (0.31%) R3 Corda
3 71 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
4 51 (0.20%) Magento
5 48 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
6 33 (0.13%) Shopify
7 32 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
8 21 (0.083%) NetSuite
9 19 (0.075%) Oracle Payables
9 19 (0.075%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 14 (0.055%) Teamcenter
11 9 (0.035%) Primavera
11 9 (0.035%) SAP S/4HANA
12 8 (0.032%) Oracle ERP
12 8 (0.032%) Summit
13 6 (0.024%) ENOVIA
14 5 (0.020%) MetaTrader
15 3 (0.012%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
15 3 (0.012%) Oracle Financials
16 2 (0.008%) PeopleSoft Financials
Cloud Services
1 8,928 (35.16%) AWS
2 5,514 (21.72%) Azure
3 3,778 (14.88%) GCP
4 2,854 (11.24%) Serverless
5 1,774 (6.99%) GitHub
6 1,667 (6.57%) SaaS
7 1,489 (5.86%) AWS Lambda
8 949 (3.74%) Amazon S3
9 901 (3.55%) Cloud Computing
10 726 (2.86%) Azure DevOps
11 625 (2.46%) Amazon EC2
12 601 (2.37%) Amazon SQS
13 568 (2.24%) Amazon ECS
14 545 (2.15%) AWS CloudFormation
15 391 (1.54%) PaaS
16 387 (1.52%) GitHub Actions
17 337 (1.33%) Heroku
18 313 (1.23%) OpenShift
19 301 (1.19%) Amazon Kinesis
20 298 (1.17%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 1,349 (5.31%) HTTP
2 573 (2.26%) TCP/IP
3 462 (1.82%) Internet
4 432 (1.70%) SSL
5 274 (1.08%) Broadband
6 138 (0.54%) Wireless
7 102 (0.40%) DNS
8 87 (0.34%) PPP
9 77 (0.30%) Kerberos
10 71 (0.28%) Modbus
11 67 (0.26%) Bluetooth
11 67 (0.26%) MQTT
12 59 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
13 54 (0.21%) Network Security
14 51 (0.20%) Firewall
15 50 (0.20%) VoIP
16 49 (0.19%) Reverse Proxy
17 47 (0.19%) 5G
18 46 (0.18%) Wireshark
19 39 (0.15%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,604 (10.26%) PostgreSQL
2 2,403 (9.46%) NoSQL
3 1,537 (6.05%) MySQL
4 1,531 (6.03%) Relational Database
5 1,216 (4.79%) SQL Server
6 1,196 (4.71%) MongoDB
7 1,054 (4.15%) Big Data
8 907 (3.57%) Redis
9 809 (3.19%) Elasticsearch
10 754 (2.97%) DynamoDB
11 528 (2.08%) Amazon RDS
12 420 (1.65%) Hadoop
13 379 (1.49%) Data Warehouse
14 374 (1.47%) Amazon Aurora
15 365 (1.44%) BigQuery
16 272 (1.07%) Data Lake
17 258 (1.02%) Amazon Redshift
18 257 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
19 251 (0.99%) RDBMS
20 225 (0.89%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 4,048 (15.94%) Git (software)
2 2,176 (8.57%) Jenkins
3 1,450 (5.71%) JIRA
4 783 (3.08%) GitLab
5 604 (2.38%) Cypress.io
6 536 (2.11%) CircleCI
7 491 (1.93%) webpack
8 456 (1.80%) Selenium
9 425 (1.67%) Maven
10 422 (1.66%) JUnit
11 409 (1.61%) TeamCity
12 327 (1.29%) Bitbucket
13 311 (1.22%) Cucumber
14 297 (1.17%) Octopus Deploy
15 276 (1.09%) Gradle
16 245 (0.96%) Postman
17 238 (0.94%) Subversion
18 229 (0.90%) Mocha
19 217 (0.85%) SonarQube
20 212 (0.83%) Visual Studio
General
1 6,627 (26.10%) Finance
2 5,612 (22.10%) Social Skills
3 2,383 (9.39%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 2,031 (8.00%) Analytical Skills
5 1,883 (7.42%) Banking
6 1,505 (5.93%) Games
7 1,461 (5.75%) Marketing
8 1,385 (5.45%) Retail
9 868 (3.42%) Electronics
10 865 (3.41%) Legal
11 801 (3.15%) Public Sector
12 720 (2.84%) Front Office
13 584 (2.30%) Law
14 556 (2.19%) Automotive
15 449 (1.77%) Manufacturing
16 399 (1.57%) Telecoms
17 352 (1.39%) Financial Institution
18 328 (1.29%) Publishing
19 318 (1.25%) Advertising
20 317 (1.25%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 13,298 (52.37%) Software Engineer
2 5,428 (21.38%) Developer
3 3,775 (14.87%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,377 (5.42%) Senior Developer
5 1,213 (4.78%) Java Engineer
6 1,156 (4.55%) Java Developer
7 1,067 (4.20%) Graduate
8 1,006 (3.96%) Java Software Engineer
9 924 (3.64%) Lead Software Engineer
10 841 (3.31%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 799 (3.15%) Software Developer
12 763 (3.01%) Embedded Engineer
13 728 (2.87%) Full Stack Developer
14 725 (2.86%) Embedded Software Engineer
15 698 (2.75%) Graduate Software Engineer
16 656 (2.58%) Architect
17 599 (2.36%) Principal Engineer
18 590 (2.32%) .NET Developer
19 583 (2.30%) Python Engineer
20 582 (2.29%) Engineering Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,123 (28.05%) React
2 4,787 (18.85%) .NET
3 4,456 (17.55%) Node.js
4 3,314 (13.05%) CSS
5 3,205 (12.62%) AngularJS
6 3,160 (12.45%) HTML
7 2,247 (8.85%) REST
8 2,069 (8.15%) RESTful
9 1,998 (7.87%) Kafka
10 1,938 (7.63%) Spring
11 1,743 (6.86%) .NET Core
12 1,683 (6.63%) Vue.js
13 1,511 (5.95%) GraphQL
14 1,358 (5.35%) Spring Boot
15 1,266 (4.99%) ASP.NET
16 1,086 (4.28%) Web Services
17 1,056 (4.16%) HTML5
18 1,054 (4.15%) Ruby on Rails
19 943 (3.71%) .NET Framework
20 881 (3.47%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 2,405 (9.47%) User Experience
2 2,049 (8.07%) Algorithms
3 1,448 (5.70%) Data Structures
4 1,349 (5.31%) Mobile App
5 1,128 (4.44%) Cloud Native
6 1,119 (4.41%) Self-Motivation
7 1,098 (4.32%) Greenfield Project
8 743 (2.93%) Hedge funds
9 623 (2.45%) Equities
10 584 (2.30%) Derivative
11 554 (2.18%) Hackathon
12 543 (2.14%) Enterprise Software
13 531 (2.09%) Blog
14 510 (2.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 509 (2.00%) Virtual Team
16 506 (1.99%) Fixed Income
17 426 (1.68%) IoT
18 368 (1.45%) Cyberattack
19 305 (1.20%) Management Information System
20 298 (1.17%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 3,355 (13.21%) Linux
2 1,039 (4.09%) Android
3 910 (3.58%) Apple iOS
4 803 (3.16%) Windows
5 667 (2.63%) Unix
6 250 (0.98%) Ubuntu
7 185 (0.73%) Embedded Linux
8 95 (0.37%) VMS
9 81 (0.32%) CentOS
10 73 (0.29%) Mesosphere
11 37 (0.15%) FreeRTOS
12 34 (0.13%) Windows Server
13 30 (0.12%) Debian
14 29 (0.11%) Mac OS
15 25 (0.098%) Robot Operating System
16 23 (0.091%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 22 (0.087%) Solaris
17 22 (0.087%) tvOS
18 18 (0.071%) VxWorks
19 17 (0.067%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,930 (50.92%) Agile
2 5,918 (23.31%) CI/CD
3 5,534 (21.80%) DevOps
4 5,467 (21.53%) Microservices
5 4,582 (18.05%) TDD
6 4,184 (16.48%) Computer Science
7 4,156 (16.37%) Full Stack Development
8 4,129 (16.26%) Problem-Solving
9 4,060 (15.99%) Mentoring
10 3,754 (14.78%) Test Automation
11 3,437 (13.54%) Scrum
12 2,854 (11.24%) Continuous Integration
13 2,589 (10.20%) Machine Learning
14 2,383 (9.39%) Data Science
15 2,313 (9.11%) Artificial Intelligence
16 2,308 (9.09%) Analytics
17 2,247 (8.85%) Coaching
18 2,045 (8.05%) Unit Testing
19 2,037 (8.02%) Fintech
19 2,037 (8.02%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 8,868 (34.93%) Java
2 8,774 (34.56%) Python
3 8,745 (34.44%) JavaScript
4 5,439 (21.42%) SQL
5 5,407 (21.29%) C#
6 4,522 (17.81%) TypeScript
7 3,534 (13.92%) C++
8 2,379 (9.37%) Go
9 2,238 (8.81%) C
10 1,687 (6.64%) Ruby
11 1,235 (4.86%) Kotlin
12 1,102 (4.34%) PHP
13 852 (3.36%) Scala
14 533 (2.10%) ES6
15 515 (2.03%) Rust
16 473 (1.86%) Bash
17 419 (1.65%) T-SQL
18 407 (1.60%) Apple Swift
19 388 (1.53%) Objective-C
20 332 (1.31%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 5,315 (20.93%) Degree
2 2,054 (8.09%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,235 (4.86%) Security Cleared
4 585 (2.30%) SC Cleared
5 562 (2.21%) Master's Degree
6 298 (1.17%) PhD
7 133 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
8 118 (0.46%) DV Cleared
9 96 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
10 95 (0.37%) PMI Certification
11 82 (0.32%) AWS Certification
12 65 (0.26%) ISTQB
13 59 (0.23%) DBS Check
14 52 (0.20%) HND
15 36 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 32 (0.13%) HNC
16 32 (0.13%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 28 (0.11%) Postgraduate
18 21 (0.083%) TOGAF Certification
19 16 (0.063%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,014 (7.93%) QA
2 615 (2.42%) Accessibility
3 125 (0.49%) MISRA
4 124 (0.49%) Data Quality
5 110 (0.43%) Automotive SPICE
6 100 (0.39%) GDPR
7 96 (0.38%) SLA
8 73 (0.29%) PCI DSS
9 69 (0.27%) ISO 26262
10 51 (0.20%) AUTOSAR
10 51 (0.20%) IEC 61508
11 49 (0.19%) Def Stans
12 41 (0.16%) WCAG
13 40 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 39 (0.15%) ISO 9001
15 38 (0.15%) IEC 62304
16 31 (0.12%) ISO 13485
17 29 (0.11%) HIPAA
18 26 (0.10%) MISRA C
19 24 (0.095%) NIST
System Software
1 6,321 (24.89%) Docker
2 302 (1.19%) Firmware
3 99 (0.39%) Active Directory
4 82 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 67 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
6 36 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
7 27 (0.11%) HDFS
8 25 (0.098%) LXC
9 24 (0.095%) Oracle RAC
10 16 (0.063%) IAG
11 12 (0.047%) KVM
12 10 (0.039%) Apache Flume
13 8 (0.032%) VirtualBox
14 7 (0.028%) ISA Server
15 6 (0.024%) Virtual Servers
16 5 (0.020%) Hyper-V
17 4 (0.016%) Postfix
18 3 (0.012%) NFS
19 2 (0.008%) Ceph
19 2 (0.008%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 5,279 (20.79%) Kubernetes
2 2,497 (9.83%) Terraform
3 864 (3.40%) Ansible
4 384 (1.51%) Prometheus
5 380 (1.50%) Grafana
6 273 (1.08%) Puppet
7 257 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
8 155 (0.61%) Kibana
9 126 (0.50%) Istio
10 93 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
11 73 (0.29%) Automic
12 68 (0.27%) Consul
13 64 (0.25%) logstash
14 42 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
15 40 (0.16%) Cisco IPCC
16 38 (0.15%) Rancher
17 37 (0.15%) Argo
18 33 (0.13%) HP Fortify
19 30 (0.12%) HP ALM
20 29 (0.11%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 1,684 (6.63%) Microsoft
2 1,633 (6.43%) Google
3 728 (2.87%) Oracle
4 363 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
5 258 (1.02%) Twitter
6 248 (0.98%) IBM
7 211 (0.83%) Palantir
8 203 (0.80%) Apple
9 182 (0.72%) New Relic
10 161 (0.63%) Facebook
11 160 (0.63%) Samsung
12 154 (0.61%) Databricks
13 148 (0.58%) Splunk
14 139 (0.55%) SAP
15 135 (0.53%) Atlassian
16 131 (0.52%) Adobe
16 131 (0.52%) Sun
17 126 (0.50%) LexisNexis
18 109 (0.43%) Sony
19 94 (0.37%) MuleSoft