Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 20 22
Rank change year-on-year +8 +2 +2
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 13,575 6,445 13,281
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 13.50% 10.20% 9.98%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.37% 10.99% 10.77%
Number of salaries quoted 7,707 5,344 10,194
10th Percentile £38,750 £36,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £87,500 £78,969 £75,000
90th Percentile £108,750 £102,500 £92,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 94,489 58,659 123,272
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.96% 92.88% 92.67%
Number of salaries quoted 65,236 48,059 99,242
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 7,330 £80,000 +6.67% 975
South East -1 1,876 £55,000 +4.76% 396
North of England +5 1,727 £55,000 +10.00% 488
South West +8 1,194 £52,500 +9.72% 210
North West +3 816 £55,000 +2.80% 292
Yorkshire +2 743 £55,000 +10.00% 144
Midlands -8 662 £55,000 +13.40% 268
East of England +13 525 £52,500 +5.00% 236
West Midlands -5 436 £55,000 +15.79% 174
East Midlands -13 226 £50,000 - 93
North East -2 168 £50,000 +11.11% 52
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 6,652 (49.00%) Agile Software Development
2 5,112 (37.66%) AWS
3 4,845 (35.69%) JavaScript
4 4,626 (34.08%) Java
5 4,400 (32.41%) Python
6 4,100 (30.20%) React
7 3,475 (25.60%) Docker
8 3,329 (24.52%) Finance
9 3,237 (23.85%) C#
10 3,157 (23.26%) DevOps
11 3,070 (22.62%) Microservices
12 2,938 (21.64%) Kubernetes
12 2,938 (21.64%) SQL
13 2,883 (21.24%) Azure
14 2,631 (19.38%) .NET
15 2,517 (18.54%) Node.js
16 2,447 (18.03%) Full Stack Development
17 2,437 (17.95%) Social Skills
18 2,346 (17.28%) Degree
19 2,296 (16.91%) TDD
20 2,085 (15.36%) TypeScript
21 2,084 (15.35%) AngularJS
22 2,012 (14.82%) Computer Science
23 1,913 (14.09%) GCP
24 1,892 (13.94%) Linux
25 1,845 (13.59%) Git (software)
26 1,820 (13.41%) C++
27 1,776 (13.08%) CSS
28 1,772 (13.05%) Scrum
29 1,724 (12.70%) Problem-Solving

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 612 (4.51%) Apache Spark
2 548 (4.04%) Elasticsearch
3 489 (3.60%) Apache
4 359 (2.64%) Confluence
5 166 (1.22%) GemFire
6 155 (1.14%) CMS
7 118 (0.87%) nginx
8 98 (0.72%) Tomcat
9 64 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
9 64 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
10 59 (0.43%) GeoServer
11 51 (0.38%) Tornado
12 38 (0.28%) Apache Pulsar
13 34 (0.25%) SAS
14 33 (0.24%) IIS
15 32 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 32 (0.24%) WordPress
16 30 (0.22%) Jupyter
17 29 (0.21%) OpenStack
17 29 (0.21%) WebLogic
Applications
1 72 (0.53%) Simulink
2 49 (0.36%) Sketch
3 43 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
4 37 (0.27%) InVision
5 33 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
6 30 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
7 28 (0.21%) Photoshop
8 24 (0.18%) Figma
9 21 (0.15%) GIMP
10 20 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
11 16 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 12 (0.088%) Stateflow
13 11 (0.081%) Chatbot
13 11 (0.081%) Zeplin
14 9 (0.066%) UXPin
15 6 (0.044%) Maya
16 5 (0.037%) AutoCAD
16 5 (0.037%) Fireworks
17 4 (0.029%) Inkscape
17 4 (0.029%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 51 (0.38%) Distributed Ledger
2 47 (0.35%) R3 Corda
3 45 (0.33%) Shopify
4 28 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
5 25 (0.18%) Magento
6 19 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 13 (0.096%) Dynamics AX
8 10 (0.074%) Primavera
9 9 (0.066%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 9 (0.066%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 8 (0.059%) Sentinel
11 7 (0.052%) NetSuite
12 5 (0.037%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
13 4 (0.029%) Oracle Financials
13 4 (0.029%) Summit
14 2 (0.015%) Dynamics NAV
14 2 (0.015%) Hyperion Planning
14 2 (0.015%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 2 (0.015%) SAP Business One
14 2 (0.015%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 5,112 (37.66%) AWS
2 2,883 (21.24%) Azure
3 1,913 (14.09%) GCP
4 1,584 (11.67%) Serverless
5 924 (6.81%) AWS Lambda
6 799 (5.89%) GitHub
7 786 (5.79%) SaaS
8 468 (3.45%) Amazon S3
9 419 (3.09%) Amazon EC2
10 412 (3.03%) AWS CloudFormation
11 335 (2.47%) Amazon SQS
12 317 (2.34%) Amazon ECS
13 263 (1.94%) PaaS
14 251 (1.85%) Amazon Kinesis
15 220 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
16 179 (1.32%) AWS Step Functions
17 175 (1.29%) OpenShift
18 126 (0.93%) Heroku
19 117 (0.86%) IaaS
20 114 (0.84%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 390 (2.87%) HTTP
2 235 (1.73%) Internet
3 152 (1.12%) Broadband
4 144 (1.06%) TCP/IP
5 87 (0.64%) Ethernet
6 81 (0.60%) Wireless
7 54 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
8 51 (0.38%) Bluetooth
9 50 (0.37%) Modbus
10 49 (0.36%) RS-422
11 41 (0.30%) RS-485
12 32 (0.24%) DNS
13 31 (0.23%) SSH
14 29 (0.21%) Firewall
14 29 (0.21%) SMS
15 28 (0.21%) AMQP
15 28 (0.21%) MQTT
16 27 (0.20%) SSL
17 23 (0.17%) 5G
17 23 (0.17%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,531 (11.28%) PostgreSQL
2 1,477 (10.88%) NoSQL
3 1,012 (7.45%) SQL Server
4 952 (7.01%) Relational Database
5 929 (6.84%) MySQL
6 878 (6.47%) Big Data
7 741 (5.46%) MongoDB
8 731 (5.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 654 (4.82%) Redis
10 364 (2.68%) Hadoop
11 357 (2.63%) Amazon RDS
12 279 (2.06%) Amazon Aurora
13 237 (1.75%) MariaDB
14 208 (1.53%) HBase
15 206 (1.52%) Amazon Athena
15 206 (1.52%) Amazon Redshift
16 179 (1.32%) RDBMS
17 150 (1.10%) GIS
18 136 (1.00%) Data Warehouse
19 131 (0.97%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,845 (13.59%) Git (software)
2 1,294 (9.53%) Jenkins
3 661 (4.87%) JIRA
4 524 (3.86%) Cypress.io
5 473 (3.48%) GitLab
6 423 (3.12%) JUnit
7 307 (2.26%) Cucumber
8 302 (2.22%) Gradle
9 270 (1.99%) Eclipse
10 267 (1.97%) Maven
11 248 (1.83%) webpack
12 242 (1.78%) Storybook
13 240 (1.77%) TeamCity
14 235 (1.73%) Mockito
15 224 (1.65%) Selenium
16 217 (1.60%) Protractor
17 210 (1.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 208 (1.53%) SonarQube
19 202 (1.49%) Sonatype Nexus
20 198 (1.46%) CircleCI
General
1 3,329 (24.52%) Finance
2 2,437 (17.95%) Social Skills
3 1,030 (7.59%) Banking
4 654 (4.82%) Games
5 628 (4.63%) Retail
6 623 (4.59%) Analytical Skills
7 575 (4.24%) Front Office
8 519 (3.82%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 517 (3.81%) Law
10 456 (3.36%) Marketing
11 314 (2.31%) Electronics
12 287 (2.11%) Public Sector
13 260 (1.92%) Legal
13 260 (1.92%) Manufacturing
14 257 (1.89%) Telecoms
15 233 (1.72%) Presentation Skills
16 135 (0.99%) Pharmaceutical
17 133 (0.98%) Financial Institution
18 121 (0.89%) Wearables
19 111 (0.82%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6,402 (47.16%) Software Engineer
2 4,283 (31.55%) Developer
3 1,878 (13.83%) Senior Software Engineer
4 895 (6.59%) Senior Developer
5 810 (5.97%) Java Engineer
6 718 (5.29%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 682 (5.02%) Java Software Engineer
8 663 (4.88%) Java Developer
9 639 (4.71%) Software Developer
10 583 (4.29%) React Developer
11 582 (4.29%) Python Engineer
12 490 (3.61%) C# Developer
13 470 (3.46%) Python Developer
14 466 (3.43%) Lead Software Engineer
15 438 (3.23%) Python Software Engineer
16 429 (3.16%) .NET Developer
17 411 (3.03%) Architect
18 408 (3.01%) Full Stack Developer
19 392 (2.89%) AWS Engineer
20 374 (2.76%) C# Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,100 (30.20%) React
2 2,631 (19.38%) .NET
3 2,517 (18.54%) Node.js
4 2,084 (15.35%) AngularJS
5 1,776 (13.08%) CSS
6 1,674 (12.33%) Web Services
7 1,515 (11.16%) HTML
8 1,445 (10.64%) REST
9 1,294 (9.53%) RESTful
10 1,261 (9.29%) Spring
11 1,135 (8.36%) .NET Core
12 1,129 (8.32%) Kafka
13 973 (7.17%) Vue.js
14 898 (6.62%) GraphQL
15 811 (5.97%) Redux
16 654 (4.82%) Spring Boot
17 639 (4.71%) .NET Framework
18 582 (4.29%) RabbitMQ
19 525 (3.87%) HTML5
20 485 (3.57%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 1,228 (9.05%) User Experience
2 799 (5.89%) Algorithms
3 633 (4.66%) Greenfield Project
4 563 (4.15%) Hedge funds
5 420 (3.09%) Data Structures
6 417 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
7 395 (2.91%) Mobile App
8 382 (2.81%) Derivative
9 351 (2.59%) Virtual Team
10 350 (2.58%) Fixed Income
11 349 (2.57%) Equities
12 341 (2.51%) Cloud Native
13 316 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 301 (2.22%) Enterprise Software
15 292 (2.15%) Legacy Systems
16 227 (1.67%) Linux Command Line
17 225 (1.66%) Blog
18 186 (1.37%) Management Information System
18 186 (1.37%) Social Media
19 177 (1.30%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 1,892 (13.94%) Linux
2 529 (3.90%) Unix
3 508 (3.74%) Windows
4 427 (3.15%) Android
5 425 (3.13%) Apple iOS
6 130 (0.96%) Embedded Linux
7 126 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 106 (0.78%) CentOS
9 88 (0.65%) Ubuntu
10 34 (0.25%) Windows Server
11 27 (0.20%) Debian
12 23 (0.17%) Mesosphere
13 22 (0.16%) Solaris
14 17 (0.13%) Windows 10
15 12 (0.088%) Mac OS
16 10 (0.074%) VMS
17 9 (0.066%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 7 (0.052%) FreeRTOS
18 7 (0.052%) SUSE
18 7 (0.052%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,652 (49.00%) Agile Software Development
2 3,157 (23.26%) DevOps
3 3,070 (22.62%) Microservices
4 2,447 (18.03%) Full Stack Development
5 2,296 (16.91%) TDD
6 2,012 (14.82%) Computer Science
7 1,772 (13.05%) Scrum
8 1,724 (12.70%) Problem-Solving
9 1,624 (11.96%) Mentoring
10 1,527 (11.25%) Test Automation
11 1,441 (10.62%) Continuous Integration
12 1,377 (10.14%) OO
13 1,223 (9.01%) Artificial Intelligence
14 1,211 (8.92%) Fintech
15 1,203 (8.86%) Analytics
16 1,185 (8.73%) Machine Learning
17 1,011 (7.45%) Unit Testing
18 1,005 (7.40%) SDLC
19 937 (6.90%) Open Source
20 931 (6.86%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 4,845 (35.69%) JavaScript
2 4,626 (34.08%) Java
3 4,400 (32.41%) Python
4 3,237 (23.85%) C#
5 2,938 (21.64%) SQL
6 2,085 (15.36%) TypeScript
7 1,820 (13.41%) C++
8 946 (6.97%) Go
9 923 (6.80%) C
10 743 (5.47%) Kotlin
11 728 (5.36%) Scala
12 666 (4.91%) Ruby
13 599 (4.41%) PHP
14 326 (2.40%) ES6
15 307 (2.26%) Shell Script
16 298 (2.20%) Java 8
17 247 (1.82%) Groovy
18 225 (1.66%) Bash Shell
19 192 (1.41%) PowerShell
20 178 (1.31%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 2,346 (17.28%) Degree
2 789 (5.81%) Computer Science Degree
3 730 (5.38%) Security Cleared
4 501 (3.69%) SC Cleared
5 248 (1.83%) Master's Degree
6 175 (1.29%) PhD
7 154 (1.13%) OCP
7 154 (1.13%) Oracle Certification
8 114 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
9 84 (0.62%) DV Cleared
10 49 (0.36%) AWS Certification
11 30 (0.22%) HND
12 24 (0.18%) DBS Check
13 23 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
14 22 (0.16%) HNC
15 21 (0.15%) SANS
16 19 (0.14%) Postgraduate
17 18 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
18 16 (0.12%) ISTQB
19 13 (0.096%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 820 (6.04%) QA
2 136 (1.00%) Accessibility
3 96 (0.71%) GDPR
4 59 (0.43%) Data Quality
5 55 (0.41%) WCAG
6 54 (0.40%) SLA
7 52 (0.38%) MISRA
8 41 (0.30%) MISRA C
9 40 (0.29%) PCI DSS
10 37 (0.27%) ECSS
11 23 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 19 (0.14%) ISO 9001
13 17 (0.13%) IEC 61508
14 14 (0.10%) GxP
14 14 (0.10%) ISO 13485
15 12 (0.088%) CDISC
15 12 (0.088%) HIPAA
15 12 (0.088%) IEC 61131
15 12 (0.088%) NIST
16 10 (0.074%) Def Stans
System Software
1 3,475 (25.60%) Docker
2 172 (1.27%) VMware Infrastructure
3 169 (1.24%) HDFS
4 121 (0.89%) Firmware
5 87 (0.64%) VirtualBox
6 39 (0.29%) Active Directory
6 39 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 23 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
8 21 (0.15%) KVM
9 16 (0.12%) Hyper-V
10 12 (0.088%) ISA Server
11 9 (0.066%) Kamailio
11 9 (0.066%) OpenSIPS
11 9 (0.066%) Virtual Servers
12 8 (0.059%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.044%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.022%) LXC
14 3 (0.022%) Microsoft App-V
14 3 (0.022%) OpenAM
14 3 (0.022%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 2,938 (21.64%) Kubernetes
2 1,463 (10.78%) Terraform
3 837 (6.17%) Ansible
4 291 (2.14%) Opscode Chef
5 197 (1.45%) Prometheus
6 174 (1.28%) Puppet
7 172 (1.27%) Grafana
8 130 (0.96%) Docker Swarm
9 64 (0.47%) Istio
10 59 (0.43%) Packer
11 54 (0.40%) Kibana
12 51 (0.38%) Consul
13 41 (0.30%) Graphite
14 26 (0.19%) logstash
15 23 (0.17%) Automic
16 21 (0.15%) Rancher
17 19 (0.14%) Nagios
18 18 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
19 16 (0.12%) Kubeflow
20 15 (0.11%) Demisto
Vendors
1 870 (6.41%) Google
2 843 (6.21%) Microsoft
3 711 (5.24%) Oracle
4 259 (1.91%) VMware
5 188 (1.38%) Okta
6 169 (1.24%) IBM
7 131 (0.97%) Instagram
8 126 (0.93%) Samsung
8 126 (0.93%) Splunk
9 117 (0.86%) SAP
10 108 (0.80%) Atlassian
11 103 (0.76%) Red Hat
12 92 (0.68%) Cloudera
13 88 (0.65%) Xamarin
14 77 (0.57%) Informatica
15 76 (0.56%) Hortonworks
16 74 (0.55%) Adobe
16 74 (0.55%) Sybase
17 73 (0.54%) Salesforce.com
17 73 (0.54%) Talend