Period
to 1 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 1 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
UK
6 months to
1 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 99 87 81
Rank change year-on-year -12 -6 +6
Contract jobs citing Front End Development 863 2,143 3,199
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.32% 2.64% 3.12%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.70% 3.07% 3.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 690 1,584 2,500
Median daily rate £450 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.70% +2.78% +9.76%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £325
90th Percentile £588 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.06% +6.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 8 15
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 £35.00

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 31,994 69,836 89,307
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.89% 86.09% 87.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,996 45,588 59,135
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £298 £290 £300
90th Percentile £656 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £434 £425
% change year-on-year -0.89% +2.09% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,230 2,249 2,343
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.94% +6.82% -4.35%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.00 £11.18
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.00 £50.25
Median hourly rate £27.74 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year +23.29% +9.76% -10.87%

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Front End Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Front End Development.

Daily rate trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Front End Development over the 6 months to 1 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Front End Development.

Hourly rate trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the UK over the 6 months to 1 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 759 £450 -5.26% 572
London -35 414 £463 -9.76% 208
UK excluding London +17 348 £425 +3.03% 405
Work from Home -27 212 £438 +9.38% 150
North of England +52 131 £450 +5.88% 133
North West +31 75 £450 +5.88% 82
South East +11 67 £438 +2.94% 79
Midlands +12 49 £363 -8.81% 69
South West +43 45 £350 -12.50% 46
Yorkshire +44 36 £408 -4.12% 38
West Midlands +21 35 £350 -12.50% 36
Scotland +22 34 £400 -5.88% 30
North East +26 20 £471 +25.67% 13
East of England +22 20 £500 +21.21% 34
East Midlands +18 12 £435 +14.10% 33
Wales +26 2 £381 +3.39% 10

For the 6 months to 1 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 575 (66.63%) JavaScript
2 516 (59.79%) CSS
3 498 (57.71%) HTML
4 361 (41.83%) Agile Software Development
5 279 (32.33%) React
6 269 (31.17%) Node.js
7 255 (29.55%) User Experience
8 236 (27.35%) AngularJS
9 213 (24.68%) Git (software)
10 189 (21.90%) HTML5
11 170 (19.70%) TypeScript
12 163 (18.89%) Java
13 161 (18.66%) Sass
14 149 (17.27%) TDD
15 129 (14.95%) DevOps
16 127 (14.72%) Test Automation
17 120 (13.90%) CSS3
18 119 (13.79%) Security Cleared
18 119 (13.79%) Web Development
19 107 (12.40%) Redux
20 103 (11.94%) Public Sector
20 103 (11.94%) jQuery
21 100 (11.59%) SC Cleared
22 90 (10.43%) Azure
23 89 (10.31%) Web Design
24 85 (9.85%) AWS
25 83 (9.62%) Finance
26 81 (9.39%) Unit Testing
27 80 (9.27%) Docker
28 74 (8.57%) Python

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (4.75%) CMS
2 15 (1.74%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (1.62%) Confluence
4 12 (1.39%) Apache
4 12 (1.39%) WebSphere
5 8 (0.93%) WebSphere Application Server
6 6 (0.70%) WordPress
7 5 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (0.58%) Drupal
8 4 (0.46%) Headless CMS
8 4 (0.46%) JBoss
8 4 (0.46%) SharePoint
8 4 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.35%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.35%) Umbraco
10 2 (0.23%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.12%) Alfresco
11 1 (0.12%) IIS
11 1 (0.12%) Joomla!
Applications
1 8 (0.93%) Sketch
2 7 (0.81%) Figma
2 7 (0.81%) InVision
3 6 (0.70%) Adobe Illustrator
3 6 (0.70%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.23%) Adobe XD
5 2 (0.23%) Zeplin
6 1 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.12%) InDesign
6 1 (0.12%) Marvel
6 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
6 1 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 18 (2.09%) Magento
2 10 (1.16%) Shopify
3 4 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.35%) Visualfiles
5 1 (0.12%) Exstream
5 1 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 90 (10.43%) Azure
2 85 (9.85%) AWS
3 37 (4.29%) npm
4 22 (2.55%) GitHub
5 20 (2.32%) GCP
6 16 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
7 14 (1.62%) Serverless
7 14 (1.62%) Yarn
8 8 (0.93%) OpenShift
9 7 (0.81%) Google Analytics
9 7 (0.81%) SaaS
10 6 (0.70%) Azure Active Directory
11 5 (0.58%) Azure Functions
11 5 (0.58%) Logic Apps
12 3 (0.35%) Amazon S3
12 3 (0.35%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.35%) BlazeMeter
13 2 (0.23%) Adobe Analytics
13 2 (0.23%) Amazon EC2
13 2 (0.23%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 16 (1.85%) HTTP
2 7 (0.81%) SSL
2 7 (0.81%) TCP/IP
3 6 (0.70%) Internet
4 1 (0.12%) DNS
4 1 (0.12%) Intranet
4 1 (0.12%) Kerberos
4 1 (0.12%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (2.78%) SQL Server
2 20 (2.32%) MongoDB
3 12 (1.39%) NoSQL
3 12 (1.39%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (1.27%) Relational Database
5 8 (0.93%) MySQL
6 6 (0.70%) Redis
7 5 (0.58%) Big Data
7 5 (0.58%) Blockchain
8 4 (0.46%) Azure SQL Database
8 4 (0.46%) SAP HANA
9 3 (0.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 2 (0.23%) Couchbase
10 2 (0.23%) HBase
11 1 (0.12%) Amazon Aurora
11 1 (0.12%) BigQuery
11 1 (0.12%) Cosmos DB
11 1 (0.12%) Data Lake
11 1 (0.12%) Power BI
11 1 (0.12%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 213 (24.68%) Git (software)
2 70 (8.11%) Jenkins
3 65 (7.53%) webpack
4 57 (6.60%) gulp
5 55 (6.37%) Grunt
5 55 (6.37%) Jasmine
6 40 (4.63%) Cypress.io
7 38 (4.40%) Subversion
8 30 (3.48%) JIRA
9 28 (3.24%) Mocha
10 21 (2.43%) Selenium
11 14 (1.62%) Karma Test Runner
12 13 (1.51%) Cucumber
12 13 (1.51%) Maven
13 12 (1.39%) GitLab
13 12 (1.39%) Protractor
14 10 (1.16%) git-flow
14 10 (1.16%) SonarQube
14 10 (1.16%) Visual Studio
15 9 (1.04%) Babel
General
1 103 (11.94%) Public Sector
2 83 (9.62%) Finance
3 36 (4.17%) Banking
3 36 (4.17%) Front Office
4 31 (3.59%) Marketing
5 15 (1.74%) Telecoms
6 14 (1.62%) Investment Banking
7 13 (1.51%) Games
8 12 (1.39%) Manufacturing
9 10 (1.16%) Electronics
10 7 (0.81%) Law
10 7 (0.81%) Legal
11 5 (0.58%) Advertising
11 5 (0.58%) Publishing
12 4 (0.46%) Retail
13 3 (0.35%) German Language
13 3 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.23%) Retail Banking
15 1 (0.12%) Financial Institution
15 1 (0.12%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 736 (85.28%) Developer
2 498 (57.71%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 139 (16.11%) React Developer
4 99 (11.47%) Angular Developer
5 91 (10.54%) JavaScript Developer
6 74 (8.57%) Designer
7 62 (7.18%) Senior Developer
8 51 (5.91%) Senior Front-End Developer
9 47 (5.45%) Interaction Designer
10 45 (5.21%) Full Stack Developer
11 36 (4.17%) UI Developer
12 31 (3.59%) HTML Developer
13 30 (3.48%) UX Designer
14 26 (3.01%) Java Developer
15 24 (2.78%) HTML CSS Developer
15 24 (2.78%) Node.js Developer
16 22 (2.55%) Senior Designer
16 22 (2.55%) Web Developer
17 21 (2.43%) .NET Developer
18 19 (2.20%) UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 516 (59.79%) CSS
2 498 (57.71%) HTML
3 279 (32.33%) React
4 269 (31.17%) Node.js
5 236 (27.35%) AngularJS
6 189 (21.90%) HTML5
7 161 (18.66%) Sass
8 120 (13.90%) CSS3
9 107 (12.40%) Redux
10 103 (11.94%) jQuery
11 73 (8.46%) REST
12 70 (8.11%) .NET
13 57 (6.60%) Vue.js
14 55 (6.37%) Spring
15 50 (5.79%) Jest
16 45 (5.21%) Nunjucks
17 44 (5.10%) RESTful
18 42 (4.87%) Web Services
19 41 (4.75%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 34 (3.94%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 255 (29.55%) User Experience
2 62 (7.18%) Greenfield Project
3 51 (5.91%) Mobile App
4 18 (2.09%) Algorithms
4 18 (2.09%) Data Structures
5 16 (1.85%) Hedge funds
6 15 (1.74%) Analytical Skills
7 14 (1.62%) Derivative
7 14 (1.62%) Fixed Income
7 14 (1.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 12 (1.39%) Public Cloud
9 11 (1.27%) Equities
10 9 (1.04%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (0.58%) Acoustics
11 5 (0.58%) Smartphone
11 5 (0.58%) W3C
12 4 (0.46%) Blog
12 4 (0.46%) Enterprise Software
13 3 (0.35%) Video Conferencing
13 3 (0.35%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 49 (5.68%) Linux
2 32 (3.71%) Unix
3 27 (3.13%) Mac OS X
4 10 (1.16%) Apple iOS
5 6 (0.70%) Android
6 3 (0.35%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.23%) tvOS
7 2 (0.23%) Windows
8 1 (0.12%) CentOS
8 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 361 (41.83%) Agile Software Development
2 149 (17.27%) TDD
3 129 (14.95%) DevOps
4 127 (14.72%) Test Automation
5 119 (13.79%) Web Development
6 89 (10.31%) Web Design
7 81 (9.39%) Unit Testing
8 71 (8.23%) Scrum
9 66 (7.65%) Prototyping
9 66 (7.65%) Software Engineering
10 65 (7.53%) Responsive Web Design
11 60 (6.95%) Microservices
12 54 (6.26%) Continuous Deployment
13 53 (6.14%) Problem-Solving
14 52 (6.03%) BDD
14 52 (6.03%) Service Design
14 52 (6.03%) Web Accessibility
15 49 (5.68%) E-Commerce
16 40 (4.63%) OO
17 38 (4.40%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 575 (66.63%) JavaScript
2 170 (19.70%) TypeScript
3 163 (18.89%) Java
4 74 (8.57%) Python
5 57 (6.60%) SQL
6 47 (5.45%) C#
7 42 (4.87%) ES6
8 38 (4.40%) PHP
9 19 (2.20%) Ruby
10 13 (1.51%) C
10 13 (1.51%) Scala
11 11 (1.27%) Shell Script
12 10 (1.16%) Groovy
13 9 (1.04%) Java 8
14 5 (0.58%) ES7
14 5 (0.58%) Go
14 5 (0.58%) Kotlin
15 4 (0.46%) C++
15 4 (0.46%) T-SQL
16 3 (0.35%) JSX
Qualifications
1 119 (13.79%) Security Cleared
2 100 (11.59%) SC Cleared
3 41 (4.75%) Degree
4 25 (2.90%) BPSS Clearance
5 14 (1.62%) DBS Check
6 11 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (0.81%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.23%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.12%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (7.88%) WCAG
2 22 (2.55%) QA
3 5 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.35%) Actionable Recommendations
4 3 (0.35%) GDPR
5 2 (0.23%) MiFID
5 2 (0.23%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 80 (9.27%) Docker
2 9 (1.04%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 2 (0.23%) etcd
3 2 (0.23%) Varnish
4 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
4 1 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 35 (4.06%) Kubernetes
2 25 (2.90%) Terraform
3 7 (0.81%) Grafana
4 6 (0.70%) Kibana
5 4 (0.46%) Capistrano
6 2 (0.23%) Ansible
6 2 (0.23%) Consul
6 2 (0.23%) Prometheus
6 2 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.12%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.12%) Puppet
Vendors
1 37 (4.29%) Microsoft
2 20 (2.32%) Google
2 20 (2.32%) SAP
3 15 (1.74%) Adobe
4 12 (1.39%) Red Hat
5 7 (0.81%) Sitecore
6 5 (0.58%) hybris
6 5 (0.58%) IBM
7 4 (0.46%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.35%) Netlify
8 3 (0.35%) Oracle
9 2 (0.23%) Ariba
9 2 (0.23%) DevExpress
9 2 (0.23%) JDA
9 2 (0.23%) Syncfusion
9 2 (0.23%) Telerik
10 1 (0.12%) Atlassian
10 1 (0.12%) Demandware
10 1 (0.12%) OpenText
10 1 (0.12%) Twitter