Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
UK
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 78 84 75
Rank change year-on-year +6 -9 +15
Contract jobs citing Front End Development 3,269 2,932 2,982
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.12% 2.84% 2.93%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.59% 3.31% 3.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,489 2,241 2,113
UK median daily rate £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +3.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £325 £294 £270
90th Percentile £588 £588 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £401 £375 £365
% change year-on-year +6.80% +2.74% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 13 12
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £33.44 £43.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.67% -22.68% +78.50%
10th Percentile £17.70 £12.95 £15.00
90th Percentile £49.25 £49.75 £49.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £33.44 £16.00
% change year-on-year +4.67% +109.00% -56.16%

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,003 88,700 86,889
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.79% 85.87% 85.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,238 59,225 57,246
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,336 2,067 2,452
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.17
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.60 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.23 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -15.10% +11.11% -

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Front End Development as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Front End Development.

Contractor daily rate trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Front End Development over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Front End Development over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the UK over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 3,054 £450 +6.51% 1,069
London +13 1,883 £500 +11.11% 443
UK excluding London -17 1,344 £401 +6.80% 680
South East +18 513 £425 +13.33% 155
North of England -19 314 £375 - 224
North West -21 169 £375 +2.74% 145
Midlands -52 144 £400 +14.29% 115
Scotland -1 130 £409 +9.00% 30
South West -30 125 £425 +14.09% 69
Yorkshire -32 103 £375 -4.76% 51
West Midlands -59 81 £425 +15.25% 60
East of England -27 71 £425 +13.33% 63
East Midlands -13 63 £400 +17.65% 55
Wales +3 50 £400 - 19
North East -1 42 £405 +4.52% 28
Northern Ireland +26 1 - - 5

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 2,500 (76.48%) JavaScript
2 2,175 (66.53%) CSS
3 2,145 (65.62%) HTML
4 1,490 (45.58%) Agile Software Development
5 1,382 (42.28%) AngularJS
6 1,267 (38.76%) React
7 1,075 (32.88%) HTML5
8 835 (25.54%) TDD
9 823 (25.18%) Node.js
10 775 (23.71%) CSS3
11 724 (22.15%) Sass
11 724 (22.15%) Git (software)
12 577 (17.65%) User Experience
13 527 (16.12%) Redux
14 518 (15.85%) jQuery
15 466 (14.26%) Java
16 460 (14.07%) TypeScript
17 437 (13.37%) Finance
18 424 (12.97%) Test Automation
19 395 (12.08%) .NET
20 394 (12.05%) ES6
21 382 (11.69%) BDD
22 335 (10.25%) Web Development
23 332 (10.16%) Scrum
24 325 (9.94%) REST
25 323 (9.88%) C#
26 289 (8.84%) Continuous Integration
27 273 (8.35%) Responsive Web Design
28 270 (8.26%) gulp
29 257 (7.86%) DevOps

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 184 (5.63%) CMS
2 86 (2.63%) Confluence
3 61 (1.87%) Elasticsearch
4 59 (1.80%) WordPress
5 43 (1.32%) Drupal
6 32 (0.98%) SharePoint
7 27 (0.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 24 (0.73%) Sitecore CMS
9 23 (0.70%) Umbraco
10 22 (0.67%) CoreMedia CMS
11 21 (0.64%) IIS
12 16 (0.49%) WebSphere
13 15 (0.46%) Apache
13 15 (0.46%) Tomcat
14 12 (0.37%) JBoss
15 10 (0.31%) WebSphere Application Server
16 6 (0.18%) nginx
17 5 (0.15%) EPiServer
17 5 (0.15%) OpenStack
17 5 (0.15%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 73 (2.23%) Photoshop
2 21 (0.64%) Adobe Illustrator
3 18 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 18 (0.55%) InVision
4 12 (0.37%) Fireworks
5 5 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.092%) InDesign
6 3 (0.092%) Maya
6 3 (0.092%) Microsoft Office
7 2 (0.061%) GIMP
7 2 (0.061%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.031%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.031%) Microsoft Excel
8 1 (0.031%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 34 (1.04%) Magento
2 11 (0.34%) Shopify
3 10 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.24%) Maximo
5 4 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.092%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.061%) BASE24
7 2 (0.061%) ION MarketView
7 2 (0.061%) Markit EDM
7 2 (0.061%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 1 (0.031%) Actimize
8 1 (0.031%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.031%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.031%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.031%) Eloqua
8 1 (0.031%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.031%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 242 (7.40%) Amazon AWS
2 162 (4.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 152 (4.65%) npm
4 103 (3.15%) GitHub
5 66 (2.02%) Serverless
6 50 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
7 39 (1.19%) Google Cloud Platform
8 34 (1.04%) SaaS
9 25 (0.76%) Heroku
9 25 (0.76%) Yarn
10 19 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
11 18 (0.55%) PaaS
12 15 (0.46%) Cloud Computing
12 15 (0.46%) Google Analytics
13 12 (0.37%) OpenShift
14 11 (0.34%) BrowserStack
15 10 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 10 (0.31%) Amazon EC2
16 9 (0.28%) AWS CloudFormation
16 9 (0.28%) Lucidchart
Communications & Networking
1 56 (1.71%) Internet
2 43 (1.32%) HTTP
3 12 (0.37%) SSH
4 11 (0.34%) FTP
5 10 (0.31%) SMTP
6 7 (0.21%) SMS
7 5 (0.15%) ATM
8 4 (0.12%) HTTPS
9 3 (0.092%) Firewall
9 3 (0.092%) Intranet
9 3 (0.092%) LAN
10 2 (0.061%) Modbus
10 2 (0.061%) Skype
10 2 (0.061%) TCP/IP
11 1 (0.031%) AMQP
11 1 (0.031%) HbbTV
11 1 (0.031%) MQTT
11 1 (0.031%) Reverse Proxy
11 1 (0.031%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (3.33%) MySQL
2 106 (3.24%) SQL Server
3 97 (2.97%) PostgreSQL
4 95 (2.91%) MongoDB
5 89 (2.72%) NoSQL
6 42 (1.28%) Relational Database
7 25 (0.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 25 (0.76%) Redis
8 23 (0.70%) Big Data
8 23 (0.70%) Blockchain
9 15 (0.46%) RDBMS
10 11 (0.34%) Cloudant
10 11 (0.34%) Cosmos DB
11 8 (0.24%) Apache Cassandra
11 8 (0.24%) DB2
11 8 (0.24%) HBase
12 7 (0.21%) Azure SQL Database
12 7 (0.21%) Hadoop
12 7 (0.21%) Parquet
13 6 (0.18%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 724 (22.15%) Git (software)
2 270 (8.26%) gulp
3 256 (7.83%) webpack
4 210 (6.42%) Jasmine
4 210 (6.42%) Jenkins
5 192 (5.87%) Grunt
6 190 (5.81%) JIRA
7 164 (5.02%) Selenium
8 157 (4.80%) Cucumber
9 137 (4.19%) Karma Test Runner
10 126 (3.85%) Protractor
11 101 (3.09%) Mocha
12 80 (2.45%) Maven
13 71 (2.17%) Subversion
14 70 (2.14%) Babel
15 54 (1.65%) Visual Studio
16 52 (1.59%) JUnit
17 41 (1.25%) TeamCity
18 38 (1.16%) Bitbucket
19 36 (1.10%) PhantomJS
General
1 437 (13.37%) Finance
2 174 (5.32%) Banking
3 137 (4.19%) Retail
4 69 (2.11%) Marketing
5 58 (1.77%) Games
6 56 (1.71%) Front Office
7 47 (1.44%) Advertising
8 37 (1.13%) Telecoms
9 32 (0.98%) Investment Banking
10 25 (0.76%) Law
11 22 (0.67%) Publishing
12 19 (0.58%) Legal
13 16 (0.49%) Automotive
14 11 (0.34%) Financial Institution
14 11 (0.34%) Online Betting
15 10 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
16 8 (0.24%) Back Office
17 6 (0.18%) Manufacturing
18 4 (0.12%) Digital Economy
18 4 (0.12%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2,962 (90.61%) Developer
2 2,066 (63.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 665 (20.34%) React Developer
4 614 (18.78%) JavaScript Developer
5 487 (14.90%) Angular Developer
6 263 (8.05%) Senior Developer
7 208 (6.36%) HTML Developer
8 184 (5.63%) HTML CSS Developer
9 179 (5.48%) Node.js Developer
10 168 (5.14%) Senior Front-End Developer
11 164 (5.02%) Java Developer
12 147 (4.50%) UI Developer
13 137 (4.19%) Full Stack Developer
14 119 (3.64%) C# Developer
15 104 (3.18%) .NET Developer
16 87 (2.66%) Designer
17 77 (2.36%) Lead Developer
18 66 (2.02%) Web Developer
19 65 (1.99%) Senior React Developer
20 58 (1.77%) Senior JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,175 (66.53%) CSS
2 2,145 (65.62%) HTML
3 1,382 (42.28%) AngularJS
4 1,267 (38.76%) React
5 1,075 (32.88%) HTML5
6 823 (25.18%) Node.js
7 775 (23.71%) CSS3
8 724 (22.15%) Sass
9 527 (16.12%) Redux
10 518 (15.85%) jQuery
11 395 (12.08%) .NET
12 325 (9.94%) REST
13 254 (7.77%) RESTful
14 235 (7.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 205 (6.27%) Angular 2
16 203 (6.21%) Web Services
17 195 (5.97%) LESS
18 187 (5.72%) JSON
19 186 (5.69%) Vue.js
20 158 (4.83%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 577 (17.65%) User Experience
2 216 (6.61%) Greenfield Project
3 156 (4.77%) Fintech
4 131 (4.01%) Mobile App
5 104 (3.18%) Analytical Skills
6 77 (2.36%) Data Structures
7 61 (1.87%) Algorithms
8 41 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
9 39 (1.19%) W3C
10 34 (1.04%) Fixed Income
11 26 (0.80%) Enterprise Software
12 25 (0.76%) Self-Motivation
13 23 (0.70%) RIA
14 22 (0.67%) Digital Media
15 18 (0.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 16 (0.49%) iPad
17 15 (0.46%) Hedge funds
17 15 (0.46%) Video on Demand
18 12 (0.37%) Cloud Native
18 12 (0.37%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 125 (3.82%) Linux
2 65 (1.99%) Unix
3 48 (1.47%) Windows
4 45 (1.38%) Apple iOS
5 37 (1.13%) Android
6 22 (0.67%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.34%) VMS
8 10 (0.31%) Mac OS X
9 7 (0.21%) CentOS
10 5 (0.15%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.12%) Mac OS
11 4 (0.12%) Solaris
12 2 (0.061%) Windows Phone
13 1 (0.031%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 1 (0.031%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.031%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.031%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,490 (45.58%) Agile Software Development
2 835 (25.54%) TDD
3 424 (12.97%) Test Automation
4 382 (11.69%) BDD
5 335 (10.25%) Web Development
6 332 (10.16%) Scrum
7 289 (8.84%) Continuous Integration
8 273 (8.35%) Responsive Web Design
9 257 (7.86%) DevOps
10 250 (7.65%) MVC
11 246 (7.53%) OO
12 243 (7.43%) Unit Testing
13 230 (7.04%) Microservices
14 218 (6.67%) Software Engineering
15 217 (6.64%) E-Commerce
16 169 (5.17%) Problem-Solving
17 124 (3.79%) Analytics
17 124 (3.79%) Workflow
18 118 (3.61%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 118 (3.61%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,500 (76.48%) JavaScript
2 466 (14.26%) Java
3 460 (14.07%) TypeScript
4 394 (12.05%) ES6
5 323 (9.88%) C#
6 203 (6.21%) SQL
7 196 (6.00%) Python
8 156 (4.77%) PHP
9 77 (2.36%) Java 8
10 57 (1.74%) Ruby
11 44 (1.35%) Scala
12 37 (1.13%) ES7
13 24 (0.73%) Perl
14 21 (0.64%) C
15 20 (0.61%) PHP 7
16 17 (0.52%) Bash Shell
17 15 (0.46%) Go
18 14 (0.43%) C++
19 13 (0.40%) T-SQL
20 10 (0.31%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 140 (4.28%) Degree
2 97 (2.97%) Security Cleared
3 75 (2.29%) SC Cleared
4 33 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (0.12%) BC Cleared
6 4 (0.12%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.061%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.031%) APMP
8 1 (0.031%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.031%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 111 (3.40%) QA
2 48 (1.47%) WCAG
3 15 (0.46%) WAI
4 7 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.061%) GDPR
5 2 (0.061%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.061%) PMO
6 1 (0.031%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.031%) MiFID
6 1 (0.031%) Section 508
System Software
1 236 (7.22%) Docker
2 3 (0.092%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (0.061%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.031%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.031%) KVM
4 1 (0.031%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 46 (1.41%) Ansible
2 40 (1.22%) Kubernetes
3 29 (0.89%) Terraform
4 22 (0.67%) Puppet
5 18 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (0.34%) Grafana
7 8 (0.24%) Kibana
8 5 (0.15%) logstash
9 4 (0.12%) Matomo
10 3 (0.092%) Business Desktop Deployment
10 3 (0.092%) Graphite
11 2 (0.061%) HockeyApp
11 2 (0.061%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.061%) Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.031%) HAProxy
12 1 (0.031%) Packer
12 1 (0.031%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 92 (2.81%) Adobe
2 89 (2.72%) Google
2 89 (2.72%) Microsoft
3 72 (2.20%) Oracle
4 39 (1.19%) Sitecore
5 26 (0.80%) hybris
6 23 (0.70%) Atlassian
7 22 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
8 14 (0.43%) IBM
9 13 (0.40%) Terracotta
10 12 (0.37%) Apple
10 12 (0.37%) ATG
10 12 (0.37%) Demandware
11 10 (0.31%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 8 (0.24%) Bloomberg
13 7 (0.21%) MuleSoft
13 7 (0.21%) VMware
14 6 (0.18%) Apiary
14 6 (0.18%) SAP
14 6 (0.18%) Xamarin