Period
to 26 July 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 343 320 295
Rank change year-on-year -23 -25 +24
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 518 272 863
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.73% 0.72% 0.93%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.78% 0.78% 0.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 363 168 545
10th Percentile £320 £313 £317
25th Percentile £400 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £438
Median % change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
75th Percentile £538 £538 £525
90th Percentile £600 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £405
% change year-on-year - +4.94% +4.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 6 36
10th Percentile £14.63 £27.63 £36.80
25th Percentile £15.00 £38.44 £40.00
Median hourly rate £38.38 £45.50 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year -15.65% +5.81% +0.58%
75th Percentile £42.71 £50.88 £50.44
90th Percentile £56.67 £52.50 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.44 £45.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year -13.32% +5.81% +1.18%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 66,066 34,999 87,355
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.02% 93.28% 94.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 45,416 23,221 58,394
10th Percentile £300 £261 £263
25th Percentile £400 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £469
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +1.39% +4.11%
75th Percentile £595 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,968 1,199 2,792
10th Percentile £11.36 £11.32 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.50 £14.07 £13.40
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year - +6.95% +6.86%
75th Percentile £43.00 £42.25 £42.50
90th Percentile £58.11 £52.50 £51.04
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £19.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year -7.89% +5.56% +2.86%

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -34 380 £468 +3.89% 755
UK excluding London -13 259 £425 - 617
Work from Home -153 150 £441 +3.65% 210
London -67 148 £525 +5.00% 210
North of England -3 63 £400 +11.11% 182
South East -32 53 £438 +7.69% 118
North West +2 48 £400 +6.67% 104
Scotland -31 46 £425 -5.56% 54
South West -14 37 £475 -6.17% 78
Midlands -29 31 £381 -10.29% 118
West Midlands -31 20 £405 -14.74% 66
East of England -4 19 £488 +14.71% 46
Yorkshire -8 13 £413 -21.43% 51
East Midlands -12 10 £306 -15.52% 52
Wales -7 9 £480 -5.52% 16
North East -7 2 £465 +55.00% 27
Northern Ireland -3 1 - - 5
Isle of Man - 1 £400 -

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 230 (44.40%) Agile Software Development
2 210 (40.54%) C#
3 185 (35.71%) JavaScript
4 172 (33.20%) Java
5 170 (32.82%) .NET
6 152 (29.34%) Software Engineering
7 113 (21.81%) SQL
8 111 (21.43%) TDD
9 106 (20.46%) Azure
10 103 (19.88%) React
11 98 (18.92%) Test Automation
12 96 (18.53%) AWS
13 93 (17.95%) DevOps
14 89 (17.18%) HTML
15 87 (16.80%) CSS
16 86 (16.60%) SQL Server
17 83 (16.02%) Git (software)
18 81 (15.64%) Python
18 81 (15.64%) Jenkins
19 79 (15.25%) Docker
20 78 (15.06%) Microservices
21 74 (14.29%) Social Skills
22 70 (13.51%) Security Cleared
23 68 (13.13%) Software Testing
23 68 (13.13%) Scrum
23 68 (13.13%) MVC
24 65 (12.55%) REST
25 63 (12.16%) C++
26 62 (11.97%) TypeScript
27 58 (11.20%) Kubernetes

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (4.05%) Confluence
2 16 (3.09%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (1.74%) Umbraco
4 8 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
5 6 (1.16%) IIS
5 6 (1.16%) WebLogic
6 5 (0.97%) SharePoint
6 5 (0.97%) WebSphere
7 4 (0.77%) CMS
8 3 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.58%) Apache
8 3 (0.58%) Drupal
8 3 (0.58%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.39%) Apache Solr
9 2 (0.39%) Camunda
9 2 (0.39%) Headless CMS
9 2 (0.39%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.39%) Mendix
10 1 (0.19%) Moodle
10 1 (0.19%) nginx
Applications
1 5 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.39%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.39%) Figma
2 2 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.19%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 3 (0.58%) Exchequer
2 2 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.39%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.19%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.19%) Summit
3 1 (0.19%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 106 (20.46%) Azure
2 96 (18.53%) AWS
3 57 (11.00%) Serverless
4 45 (8.69%) AWS Lambda
5 31 (5.98%) OpenShift
6 28 (5.41%) GitHub
7 24 (4.63%) Amazon S3
7 24 (4.63%) GCP
8 22 (4.25%) SaaS
9 18 (3.47%) PaaS
10 11 (2.12%) Dynamics 365
11 9 (1.74%) AWS CloudFormation
11 9 (1.74%) IaaS
11 9 (1.74%) NuGet
12 8 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
13 5 (0.97%) Azure Logic Apps
13 5 (0.97%) Power Platform
14 4 (0.77%) Azure Event Grid
14 4 (0.77%) Azure Service Bus
14 4 (0.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.35%) HTTP
2 3 (0.58%) ATM
2 3 (0.58%) SSH
2 3 (0.58%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.39%) Broadband
3 2 (0.39%) FTP
3 2 (0.39%) ICMP
3 2 (0.39%) Modbus
3 2 (0.39%) RTP
3 2 (0.39%) SNMP
3 2 (0.39%) Unified Communications
3 2 (0.39%) VoIP
3 2 (0.39%) Wi-Fi
3 2 (0.39%) Wireless
4 1 (0.19%) GPON
4 1 (0.19%) Link 11
4 1 (0.19%) Link 16
4 1 (0.19%) PuTTY
4 1 (0.19%) SD-WAN
4 1 (0.19%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (16.60%) SQL Server
2 34 (6.56%) PostgreSQL
3 25 (4.83%) NoSQL
4 23 (4.44%) MongoDB
5 21 (4.05%) MySQL
6 17 (3.28%) Relational Database
7 15 (2.90%) Amazon Aurora
8 12 (2.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 10 (1.93%) Amazon RDS
10 9 (1.74%) SQL Server 2016
11 8 (1.54%) Azure SQL Database
12 7 (1.35%) Informix
12 7 (1.35%) RDBMS
13 6 (1.16%) Big Data
13 6 (1.16%) Oracle Database
13 6 (1.16%) SQL Server 2008
14 5 (0.97%) DB2
14 5 (0.97%) Pentaho
14 5 (0.97%) Power BI
14 5 (0.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 83 (16.02%) Git (software)
2 81 (15.64%) Jenkins
3 37 (7.14%) JIRA
3 37 (7.14%) Selenium
4 28 (5.41%) Maven
5 19 (3.67%) JMeter
5 19 (3.67%) SpecFlow
6 17 (3.28%) webpack
7 16 (3.09%) Cucumber
7 16 (3.09%) TeamCity
7 16 (3.09%) WebDriver
8 14 (2.70%) JUnit
8 14 (2.70%) Postman
9 13 (2.51%) Cypress.io
9 13 (2.51%) Visual Studio
10 11 (2.12%) GitLab
11 10 (1.93%) Artifactory
11 10 (1.93%) Bitbucket
11 10 (1.93%) Gradle
11 10 (1.93%) SonarQube
General
1 74 (14.29%) Social Skills
2 50 (9.65%) Finance
3 46 (8.88%) Public Sector
4 35 (6.76%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (3.28%) Banking
6 15 (2.90%) Manufacturing
6 15 (2.90%) Telecoms
7 8 (1.54%) Automotive
7 8 (1.54%) Electronics
8 7 (1.35%) Law
8 7 (1.35%) Retail
9 6 (1.16%) Back Office
10 5 (0.97%) Advertising
10 5 (0.97%) Games
10 5 (0.97%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.97%) Marketing
11 4 (0.77%) Military
12 3 (0.58%) Front Office
13 2 (0.39%) Avionics
13 2 (0.39%) Financial Institution
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 170 (32.82%) .NET
2 103 (19.88%) React
3 89 (17.18%) HTML
4 87 (16.80%) CSS
5 65 (12.55%) REST
6 56 (10.81%) AngularJS
7 53 (10.23%) Spring
8 50 (9.65%) .NET Framework
9 48 (9.27%) ASP.NET
10 44 (8.49%) Node.js
11 43 (8.30%) Spring Boot
12 42 (8.11%) RESTful
13 39 (7.53%) HTML5
14 38 (7.34%) Web Services
15 35 (6.76%) .NET Core
16 33 (6.37%) ASP.NET Web API
17 29 (5.60%) XML
18 28 (5.41%) jQuery
19 21 (4.05%) Redux
20 20 (3.86%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 34 (6.56%) User Experience
2 16 (3.09%) Legacy Systems
3 15 (2.90%) Cloud Native
4 9 (1.74%) Embedded Systems
4 9 (1.74%) NHS
5 8 (1.54%) Greenfield Project
5 8 (1.54%) Video\Live Streaming
6 6 (1.16%) Mobile App
7 5 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
7 5 (0.97%) N-Tier
8 4 (0.77%) Legacy Applications
8 4 (0.77%) Public Cloud
8 4 (0.77%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (0.58%) Fixed Income
9 3 (0.58%) Smart Meter
10 2 (0.39%) Infotainment
10 2 (0.39%) iPhone
10 2 (0.39%) Legacy Code
10 2 (0.39%) SCADA
10 2 (0.39%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 41 (7.92%) Linux
2 27 (5.21%) Windows
3 19 (3.67%) Android
4 17 (3.28%) Unix
5 10 (1.93%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.58%) Windows 10
6 3 (0.58%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.39%) VxWorks
8 1 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
8 1 (0.19%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.19%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 230 (44.40%) Agile Software Development
2 152 (29.34%) Software Engineering
3 111 (21.43%) TDD
4 98 (18.92%) Test Automation
5 93 (17.95%) DevOps
6 78 (15.06%) Microservices
7 68 (13.13%) MVC
7 68 (13.13%) Scrum
7 68 (13.13%) Software Testing
8 51 (9.85%) SDET
9 43 (8.30%) Continuous Integration
10 41 (7.92%) OO
10 41 (7.92%) Unit Testing
11 37 (7.14%) BDD
11 37 (7.14%) Problem-Solving
12 32 (6.18%) Continuous Delivery
13 29 (5.60%) Validation
14 28 (5.41%) Analytics
14 28 (5.41%) OOP
15 24 (4.63%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 210 (40.54%) C#
2 185 (35.71%) JavaScript
3 172 (33.20%) Java
4 113 (21.81%) SQL
5 81 (15.64%) Python
6 63 (12.16%) C++
7 62 (11.97%) TypeScript
8 28 (5.41%) Go
9 26 (5.02%) C
10 22 (4.25%) Kotlin
10 22 (4.25%) Scala
11 20 (3.86%) Java 8
12 17 (3.28%) Java 11
13 16 (3.09%) Ruby
13 16 (3.09%) T-SQL
14 15 (2.90%) PHP
14 15 (2.90%) VB.NET
15 14 (2.70%) PL/SQL
16 13 (2.51%) Bash Shell
17 12 (2.32%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 70 (13.51%) Security Cleared
2 56 (10.81%) SC Cleared
3 30 (5.79%) Degree
4 14 (2.70%) DV Cleared
4 14 (2.70%) ISTQB
5 8 (1.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 7 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.58%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.58%) PhD
9 2 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.19%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.19%) CEH
10 1 (0.19%) CISSP
10 1 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.19%) HND
10 1 (0.19%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (6.76%) QA
2 23 (4.44%) Accessibility
3 7 (1.35%) JTAG
4 5 (0.97%) GDPR
4 5 (0.97%) SLA
5 2 (0.39%) IEC 61508
6 1 (0.19%) GRC
6 1 (0.19%) HL7
System Software
1 79 (15.25%) Docker
2 3 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.39%) Firmware
3 2 (0.39%) HDFS
4 1 (0.19%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.19%) KVM
4 1 (0.19%) Time Sharing Option
4 1 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.19%) Xen
Systems Management
1 58 (11.20%) Kubernetes
2 20 (3.86%) Terraform
3 18 (3.47%) Ansible
4 16 (3.09%) Grafana
5 9 (1.74%) Kibana
5 9 (1.74%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (1.16%) Prometheus
6 6 (1.16%) Puppet
7 2 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.19%) Control-M
8 1 (0.19%) Istio
8 1 (0.19%) Mesos
8 1 (0.19%) MIIS
Vendors
1 49 (9.46%) Microsoft
2 44 (8.49%) Oracle
3 11 (2.12%) Google
4 7 (1.35%) SAP
5 6 (1.16%) Informatica
5 6 (1.16%) Telerik
6 4 (0.77%) Adobe
6 4 (0.77%) CA
6 4 (0.77%) webMethods
7 3 (0.58%) BEA
7 3 (0.58%) CA Agile Central
7 3 (0.58%) Pega
7 3 (0.58%) Salesforce.com
7 3 (0.58%) Xamarin
8 2 (0.39%) Cloudera
8 2 (0.39%) Dynatrace
8 2 (0.39%) New Relic
8 2 (0.39%) OutSystems
8 2 (0.39%) Talend
8 2 (0.39%) WSO2