Period
to 14 August 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 14 August 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 328 276 301
Rank change year-on-year -52 +25 +20
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 221 860 902
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.65% 0.95% 0.88%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.70% 1.01% 0.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 138 544 624
Median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +3.03%
10th Percentile £313 £320 £313
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £413 £390
% change year-on-year -3.03% +5.77% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 36 24
Median hourly rate £37.50 £43.00 £44.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.79% -2.82% +10.63%
10th Percentile £19.00 £35.80 £30.23
90th Percentile £52.50 £55.63 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £43.00 £43.25
% change year-on-year -12.79% -0.58% +8.13%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 31,714 85,561 97,098
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.99% 94.32% 94.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,666 56,125 63,594
Median daily rate £475 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% +3.21%
10th Percentile £256 £263 £269
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +1.80% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,316 2,919 3,116
Median hourly rate £26.87 £19.64 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +36.81% +9.11% -3.74%
10th Percentile £11.72 £11.17 £11.02
90th Percentile £52.31 £52.50 £47.83
Median hourly rate £21.50 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +16.22% +5.71% -1.55%

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 14 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 14 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -44 196 £425 -2.86% 415
UK excluding London -18 132 £400 -3.03% 360
London +32 81 £510 +7.26% 92
South East +36 39 £400 -5.88% 83
South West +13 33 £430 -14.00% 58
Work from Home -25 26 £425 - 72
North of England +34 21 £350 -6.67% 94
Midlands +59 15 £375 - 48
North West +38 15 £343 -8.63% 58
Wales +35 11 £488 +8.33% 12
East Midlands +55 10 £375 +4.17% 20
Scotland +39 7 £475 +11.76% 19
East of England +38 6 £550 +34.15% 40
West Midlands +40 5 £375 -3.23% 28
North East +35 5 £350 -24.32% 13
Yorkshire +53 1 £525 +50.00% 23

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 14 August 2020, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 97 (43.89%) C#
2 95 (42.99%) Agile Software Development
3 85 (38.46%) .NET
4 77 (34.84%) JavaScript
5 67 (30.32%) Azure
6 64 (28.96%) Java
7 61 (27.60%) SQL
8 50 (22.62%) SQL Server
9 45 (20.36%) Microsoft
9 45 (20.36%) Git (software)
10 44 (19.91%) HTML
11 43 (19.46%) Test Automation
12 41 (18.55%) Security Cleared
13 40 (18.10%) Software Engineering
13 40 (18.10%) Python
14 37 (16.74%) DevOps
15 36 (16.29%) AWS
16 35 (15.84%) TDD
17 33 (14.93%) MVC
18 32 (14.48%) ASP.NET
18 32 (14.48%) CSS
18 32 (14.48%) SC Cleared
19 31 (14.03%) .NET Framework
19 31 (14.03%) AngularJS
19 31 (14.03%) Docker
20 29 (13.12%) Jenkins
21 27 (12.22%) React
22 26 (11.76%) Visual Studio
23 25 (11.31%) Scrum
23 25 (11.31%) Unit Testing

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (4.52%) CMS
2 9 (4.07%) SharePoint
3 6 (2.71%) Apache
3 6 (2.71%) EPiServer
4 4 (1.81%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (0.90%) Confluence
5 2 (0.90%) IIS
5 2 (0.90%) NServiceBus
5 2 (0.90%) SAS
5 2 (0.90%) Tomcat
6 1 (0.45%) BizTalk Server
6 1 (0.45%) JBoss
6 1 (0.45%) Kentico
6 1 (0.45%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.45%) SAP EP
6 1 (0.45%) SAP Portal
6 1 (0.45%) SharePoint Server
6 1 (0.45%) Sitefinity
6 1 (0.45%) WebLogic
6 1 (0.45%) WebSphere
Applications
1 3 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.45%) Sketch
Cloud Services
1 67 (30.32%) Azure
2 36 (16.29%) AWS
3 14 (6.33%) Serverless
4 12 (5.43%) GitHub
5 9 (4.07%) Power Platform
6 8 (3.62%) AWS CloudFormation
7 7 (3.17%) Apigee
8 5 (2.26%) AWS Lambda
8 5 (2.26%) PaaS
9 4 (1.81%) GCP
10 3 (1.36%) Amazon S3
10 3 (1.36%) Azure Functions
10 3 (1.36%) SaaS
11 2 (0.90%) Azure Active Directory
11 2 (0.90%) Dynamics 365
11 2 (0.90%) npm
11 2 (0.90%) OpenShift
11 2 (0.90%) Slack
12 1 (0.45%) Power Automate
12 1 (0.45%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.36%) HTTP
2 1 (0.45%) DSL
2 1 (0.45%) RS-232
2 1 (0.45%) Skype
2 1 (0.45%) WebEx
2 1 (0.45%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (22.62%) SQL Server
2 10 (4.52%) MongoDB
2 10 (4.52%) PostgreSQL
3 9 (4.07%) Power BI
3 9 (4.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 8 (3.62%) MySQL
4 8 (3.62%) NoSQL
5 5 (2.26%) Cosmos DB
5 5 (2.26%) Redis
6 4 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 4 (1.81%) Big Data
6 4 (1.81%) Oracle Database
6 4 (1.81%) Relational Database
6 4 (1.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 3 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (1.36%) GIS
8 2 (0.90%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (0.90%) Azure SQL Database
8 2 (0.90%) Couchbase
8 2 (0.90%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 45 (20.36%) Git (software)
2 29 (13.12%) Jenkins
3 26 (11.76%) Visual Studio
4 12 (5.43%) Team Foundation Server
5 11 (4.98%) Selenium
6 10 (4.52%) JIRA
7 8 (3.62%) Cucumber
8 7 (3.17%) Maven
9 6 (2.71%) Hudson
10 5 (2.26%) Eclipse
10 5 (2.26%) JUnit
10 5 (2.26%) Postman
10 5 (2.26%) TeamCity
11 4 (1.81%) Bitbucket
11 4 (1.81%) Gradle
11 4 (1.81%) SpecFlow
11 4 (1.81%) WebDriver
12 3 (1.36%) NUnit
12 3 (1.36%) Octopus Deploy
12 3 (1.36%) Subversion
General
1 21 (9.50%) Finance
2 15 (6.79%) Public Sector
3 13 (5.88%) Banking
4 4 (1.81%) Legal
5 3 (1.36%) Games
5 3 (1.36%) Retail
6 2 (0.90%) Law
6 2 (0.90%) Police
6 2 (0.90%) Retail Banking
7 1 (0.45%) Aerospace
7 1 (0.45%) Automotive
7 1 (0.45%) Avionics
7 1 (0.45%) Back Office
7 1 (0.45%) International Banking
7 1 (0.45%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.45%) Marketing
7 1 (0.45%) Social Housing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (38.46%) .NET
2 44 (19.91%) HTML
3 32 (14.48%) ASP.NET
3 32 (14.48%) CSS
4 31 (14.03%) .NET Framework
4 31 (14.03%) AngularJS
5 27 (12.22%) React
6 19 (8.60%) Entity Framework
7 18 (8.14%) Web Services
8 16 (7.24%) .NET Core
8 16 (7.24%) ASP.NET Web API
8 16 (7.24%) HTML5
8 16 (7.24%) jQuery
9 15 (6.79%) RESTful
10 14 (6.33%) Node.js
10 14 (6.33%) Spring
11 10 (4.52%) ASP.NET MVC
11 10 (4.52%) Kafka
12 9 (4.07%) LINQ
12 9 (4.07%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 14 (6.33%) Analytical Skills
2 9 (4.07%) Cloud Native
3 5 (2.26%) Algorithms
3 5 (2.26%) Data Structures
4 4 (1.81%) User Experience
5 2 (0.90%) Greenfield Project
5 2 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
5 2 (0.90%) Virtual Team
6 1 (0.45%) Blog
6 1 (0.45%) Data Centre
6 1 (0.45%) Derivative
6 1 (0.45%) Device Driver
6 1 (0.45%) EPoS
6 1 (0.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 1 (0.45%) Life Science
6 1 (0.45%) Mobile Games
6 1 (0.45%) NHS
6 1 (0.45%) PKI
6 1 (0.45%) Public Cloud
6 1 (0.45%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 20 (9.05%) Windows
2 10 (4.52%) Linux
3 5 (2.26%) Android
4 4 (1.81%) Unix
5 3 (1.36%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.45%) Amazon Linux
6 1 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 95 (42.99%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (19.46%) Test Automation
3 40 (18.10%) Software Engineering
4 37 (16.74%) DevOps
5 35 (15.84%) TDD
6 33 (14.93%) MVC
7 25 (11.31%) Scrum
7 25 (11.31%) Unit Testing
8 24 (10.86%) Microservices
9 23 (10.41%) BDD
10 18 (8.14%) Continuous Integration
10 18 (8.14%) OO
11 16 (7.24%) Continuous Delivery
11 16 (7.24%) Mentoring
12 14 (6.33%) SDET
13 13 (5.88%) Problem-Solving
14 11 (4.98%) Deployment Automation
14 11 (4.98%) Fintech
14 11 (4.98%) OOP
15 10 (4.52%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 97 (43.89%) C#
2 77 (34.84%) JavaScript
3 64 (28.96%) Java
4 61 (27.60%) SQL
5 40 (18.10%) Python
6 15 (6.79%) C++
7 11 (4.98%) Java 8
8 10 (4.52%) PHP
9 9 (4.07%) Go
9 9 (4.07%) Kotlin
9 9 (4.07%) TypeScript
10 8 (3.62%) PL/SQL
11 6 (2.71%) Ruby
12 5 (2.26%) C
12 5 (2.26%) PowerShell
12 5 (2.26%) VBA
13 3 (1.36%) Scala
13 3 (1.36%) VB
13 3 (1.36%) VB.NET
14 2 (0.90%) Assembly Language
Qualifications
1 41 (18.55%) Security Cleared
2 32 (14.48%) SC Cleared
3 7 (3.17%) Degree
4 6 (2.71%) AWS Certification
5 5 (2.26%) DV Cleared
6 3 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.36%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.45%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.62%) QA
2 1 (0.45%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.45%) GDPR
2 1 (0.45%) HL7
System Software
1 31 (14.03%) Docker
2 1 (0.45%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.45%) Microsoft Virtual Server
2 1 (0.45%) OpenAM
2 1 (0.45%) OpenDJ
2 1 (0.45%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 19 (8.60%) Kubernetes
2 6 (2.71%) Terraform
3 2 (0.90%) Ansible
3 2 (0.90%) Grafana
3 2 (0.90%) Istio
4 1 (0.45%) Kibana
4 1 (0.45%) logstash
4 1 (0.45%) MIIS
4 1 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.45%) Puppet
Vendors
1 45 (20.36%) Microsoft
2 11 (4.98%) Google
3 10 (4.52%) Oracle
4 7 (3.17%) IBM
5 4 (1.81%) Databricks
6 3 (1.36%) Atlassian
6 3 (1.36%) SAP
6 3 (1.36%) StreamSets
6 3 (1.36%) Xamarin
7 2 (0.90%) Adobe
7 2 (0.90%) ESRI
7 2 (0.90%) Tableau
8 1 (0.45%) Ariba
8 1 (0.45%) Cloudera
8 1 (0.45%) Cognos
8 1 (0.45%) ForgeRock
8 1 (0.45%) PTC
8 1 (0.45%) Red Hat
8 1 (0.45%) Roku