Period
to 26 February 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
26 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 260 267 326
Rank change year-on-year +7 +59 -21
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 647 978 780
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.95% 0.99% 0.77%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.01% 1.04% 0.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 425 634 513
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +9.32%
10th Percentile £325 £314 £313
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +9.38% +5.26% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 35 29
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £41.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +9.36% -3.18%
10th Percentile £35.00 £27.85 £23.33
90th Percentile £46.00 £59.50 £49.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £41.15
% change year-on-year -5.56% +9.36% -3.18%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 63,863 93,864 95,657
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.92% 94.70% 94.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 41,142 62,143 63,489
UK median daily rate £450 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £238 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,553 2,945 2,831
UK median hourly rate £19.48 £18.70 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.17% - +3.89%
10th Percentile £11.63 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £51.75 £49.50 £48.57
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.40 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +5.14% - -

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 26 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +28 598 £450 - 1,013
UK excluding London +18 444 £438 +9.38% 911
London +37 198 £500 - 206
South West +31 124 £450 - 128
South East +24 119 £450 - 211
North of England +33 81 £400 +6.67% 235
North West +24 47 £419 +15.52% 132
Midlands +13 43 £378 +2.37% 145
East of England +28 33 £481 +20.31% 88
Scotland +5 32 £400 +6.67% 55
West Midlands +27 25 £400 +14.14% 70
Yorkshire +27 24 £400 +6.67% 88
East Midlands +26 18 £369 -9.23% 75
Wales +10 11 £490 +8.89% 28
North East +20 10 £350 -14.11% 15
Northern Ireland +11 2 - - 20

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 26 February 2020, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 301 (46.52%) Agile Software Development
2 252 (38.95%) C#
3 247 (38.18%) .NET
4 246 (38.02%) JavaScript
5 203 (31.38%) Java
6 155 (23.96%) SQL
7 140 (21.64%) Python
8 139 (21.48%) Software Engineering
9 133 (20.56%) HTML
10 125 (19.32%) CSS
11 122 (18.86%) Security Cleared
11 122 (18.86%) Test Automation
12 111 (17.16%) Azure
12 111 (17.16%) SQL Server
13 110 (17.00%) Git (software)
14 109 (16.85%) AngularJS
15 107 (16.54%) TDD
16 106 (16.38%) AWS
17 96 (14.84%) Microsoft
17 96 (14.84%) Node.js
18 95 (14.68%) Scrum
19 94 (14.53%) React
20 91 (14.06%) MVC
20 91 (14.06%) SC Cleared
21 90 (13.91%) C++
22 89 (13.76%) DevOps
23 83 (12.83%) Docker
23 83 (12.83%) Linux
24 76 (11.75%) Web Services
24 76 (11.75%) Finance

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (1.85%) CMS
1 12 (1.85%) WebLogic
2 11 (1.70%) Tomcat
3 10 (1.55%) Confluence
3 10 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
4 7 (1.08%) IIS
5 6 (0.93%) Apache
6 5 (0.77%) nginx
6 5 (0.77%) SharePoint
7 3 (0.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 3 (0.46%) Drupal
7 3 (0.46%) EPiServer
7 3 (0.46%) JBoss
8 2 (0.31%) Apache Spark
8 2 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.31%) Headless CMS
8 2 (0.31%) SAS
8 2 (0.31%) Tuxedo
8 2 (0.31%) Umbraco
8 2 (0.31%) WordPress
Applications
1 3 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.46%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 8 (1.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.62%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.31%) Sonata
3 2 (0.31%) Teamcenter
4 1 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.15%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.15%) Oracle AML
4 1 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 111 (17.16%) Azure
2 106 (16.38%) AWS
3 37 (5.72%) Serverless
4 27 (4.17%) AWS Lambda
5 19 (2.94%) GCP
6 16 (2.47%) Amazon S3
6 16 (2.47%) GitHub
7 10 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
8 9 (1.39%) Cloud Computing
8 9 (1.39%) SaaS
9 8 (1.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 6 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
11 5 (0.77%) Amazon SQS
11 5 (0.77%) Azure Functions
11 5 (0.77%) Power Platform
11 5 (0.77%) Trello
12 4 (0.62%) Apigee
12 4 (0.62%) AWS Step Functions
12 4 (0.62%) npm
12 4 (0.62%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.16%) Internet
2 13 (2.01%) HTTP
3 8 (1.24%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.77%) Wi-Fi
5 4 (0.62%) Ethernet
5 4 (0.62%) SNMP
5 4 (0.62%) VoIP
5 4 (0.62%) Wireshark
6 3 (0.46%) Broadband
6 3 (0.46%) SSL
7 2 (0.31%) DHCP
7 2 (0.31%) IPv4
7 2 (0.31%) IPv6
7 2 (0.31%) LAN
7 2 (0.31%) Multicast
7 2 (0.31%) PPP
7 2 (0.31%) RTSP
7 2 (0.31%) UPnP
7 2 (0.31%) WLAN
7 2 (0.31%) xDSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 111 (17.16%) SQL Server
2 34 (5.26%) MySQL
3 23 (3.55%) Relational Database
4 22 (3.40%) MongoDB
5 19 (2.94%) NoSQL
5 19 (2.94%) PostgreSQL
6 15 (2.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 13 (2.01%) Big Data
8 10 (1.55%) Redis
8 10 (1.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 9 (1.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 8 (1.24%) Amazon RDS
10 8 (1.24%) Oracle Database
11 5 (0.77%) Amazon Athena
11 5 (0.77%) Azure SQL Database
11 5 (0.77%) Data Warehouse
11 5 (0.77%) Power BI
12 4 (0.62%) BusinessObjects
12 4 (0.62%) SQL Server 2000
13 3 (0.46%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 110 (17.00%) Git (software)
2 66 (10.20%) Jenkins
3 50 (7.73%) Visual Studio
4 40 (6.18%) Selenium
4 40 (6.18%) Team Foundation Server
5 33 (5.10%) JIRA
6 27 (4.17%) Moq
7 24 (3.71%) Cucumber
8 20 (3.09%) Maven
9 19 (2.94%) JUnit
9 19 (2.94%) Subversion
10 18 (2.78%) MSTest
11 13 (2.01%) Bitbucket
11 13 (2.01%) SpecFlow
12 12 (1.85%) NUnit
12 12 (1.85%) SonarQube
13 10 (1.55%) Eclipse
13 10 (1.55%) GitLab
13 10 (1.55%) TeamCity
14 8 (1.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 76 (11.75%) Finance
2 62 (9.58%) Public Sector
3 34 (5.26%) Banking
4 22 (3.40%) Law
5 15 (2.32%) Retail
6 12 (1.85%) Manufacturing
6 12 (1.85%) Marketing
6 12 (1.85%) Telecoms
7 11 (1.70%) Front Office
8 10 (1.55%) Legal
8 10 (1.55%) Police
9 9 (1.39%) Military
10 7 (1.08%) Electronics
11 4 (0.62%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.46%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.31%) Advertising
13 2 (0.31%) Automotive
13 2 (0.31%) Games
13 2 (0.31%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.31%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 247 (38.18%) .NET
2 133 (20.56%) HTML
3 125 (19.32%) CSS
4 109 (16.85%) AngularJS
5 96 (14.84%) Node.js
6 94 (14.53%) React
7 76 (11.75%) Web Services
8 75 (11.59%) ASP.NET
9 66 (10.20%) .NET Framework
10 56 (8.66%) RESTful
11 46 (7.11%) jQuery
12 43 (6.65%) HTML5
12 43 (6.65%) JSON
13 41 (6.34%) ASP.NET MVC
14 39 (6.03%) Vue.js
15 38 (5.87%) Spring
15 38 (5.87%) XML
16 37 (5.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 35 (5.41%) .NET Core
18 31 (4.79%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 53 (8.19%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (3.71%) Greenfield Project
3 12 (1.85%) Data Structures
3 12 (1.85%) User Experience
4 11 (1.70%) Virtual Team
4 11 (1.70%) W3C
5 9 (1.39%) Derivative
5 9 (1.39%) Fixed Income
5 9 (1.39%) Mobile App
6 8 (1.24%) Algorithms
6 8 (1.24%) EPoS
7 7 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
7 7 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 5 (0.77%) Analytical Mindset
9 4 (0.62%) Blog
9 4 (0.62%) Embedded Systems
9 4 (0.62%) Equities
9 4 (0.62%) Hedge funds
9 4 (0.62%) Reference Data
9 4 (0.62%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 83 (12.83%) Linux
2 41 (6.34%) Windows
3 29 (4.48%) Unix
4 14 (2.16%) Ubuntu
5 9 (1.39%) CentOS
6 8 (1.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (1.08%) Android
7 7 (1.08%) Debian
8 6 (0.93%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.62%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.46%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.31%) FreeRTOS
11 2 (0.31%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.15%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.15%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.15%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 301 (46.52%) Agile Software Development
2 139 (21.48%) Software Engineering
3 122 (18.86%) Test Automation
4 107 (16.54%) TDD
5 95 (14.68%) Scrum
6 91 (14.06%) MVC
7 89 (13.76%) DevOps
8 73 (11.28%) BDD
9 64 (9.89%) Microservices
10 58 (8.96%) OO
11 54 (8.35%) Web Development
12 50 (7.73%) SDLC
13 47 (7.26%) SDET
14 45 (6.96%) Continuous Integration
15 44 (6.80%) Kanban
16 42 (6.49%) Problem-Solving
17 40 (6.18%) Open Source
18 39 (6.03%) Computer Science
18 39 (6.03%) Unit Testing
19 35 (5.41%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 252 (38.95%) C#
2 246 (38.02%) JavaScript
3 203 (31.38%) Java
4 155 (23.96%) SQL
5 140 (21.64%) Python
6 90 (13.91%) C++
7 53 (8.19%) PHP
8 44 (6.80%) TypeScript
9 39 (6.03%) C
10 23 (3.55%) VB.NET
11 21 (3.25%) Ruby
12 18 (2.78%) ES6
12 18 (2.78%) Java 8
13 17 (2.63%) PL/SQL
14 16 (2.47%) PowerShell
14 16 (2.47%) Shell Script
15 15 (2.32%) T-SQL
16 12 (1.85%) Scala
17 11 (1.70%) Go
18 10 (1.55%) R
Qualifications
1 122 (18.86%) Security Cleared
2 91 (14.06%) SC Cleared
3 46 (7.11%) Degree
4 28 (4.33%) DV Cleared
5 16 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (1.85%) Master's Degree
7 8 (1.24%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.93%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.46%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
10 2 (0.31%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.31%) PhD
11 1 (0.15%) CCNA
11 1 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.15%) MCSA
11 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (3.40%) QA
2 17 (2.63%) WCAG
3 5 (0.77%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.31%) GDPR
5 2 (0.31%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.31%) JTAG
6 1 (0.15%) WAI
System Software
1 83 (12.83%) Docker
2 3 (0.46%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.15%) HDFS
3 1 (0.15%) LXC
Systems Management
1 26 (4.02%) Kubernetes
2 16 (2.47%) Terraform
3 9 (1.39%) Ansible
3 9 (1.39%) Kibana
4 7 (1.08%) logstash
5 4 (0.62%) Control-M
6 3 (0.46%) Grafana
6 3 (0.46%) Puppet
7 2 (0.31%) MIIS
7 2 (0.31%) WSUS
8 1 (0.15%) HAProxy
8 1 (0.15%) Istio
8 1 (0.15%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.15%) Packer
8 1 (0.15%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 96 (14.84%) Microsoft
2 29 (4.48%) Oracle
3 28 (4.33%) Google
4 13 (2.01%) Atlassian
4 13 (2.01%) SAP
5 8 (1.24%) Pega
5 8 (1.24%) webMethods
5 8 (1.24%) Xamarin
6 7 (1.08%) Databricks
6 7 (1.08%) Informatica
7 6 (0.93%) BEA
7 6 (0.93%) StreamSets
8 5 (0.77%) Sitecore
9 4 (0.62%) Adobe
9 4 (0.62%) BMC
9 4 (0.62%) Cadence
9 4 (0.62%) TIBCO
10 3 (0.46%) BT
10 3 (0.46%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (0.46%) Tableau