Period
to 25 January 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 281 269 277
Rank change year-on-year -12 +8 +50
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 365 681 980
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 0.95% 0.98%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.93% 1.01% 1.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 318 493 661
Median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £319 £325 £313
90th Percentile £645 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £427 £400
% change year-on-year -0.47% +6.75% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 13 36
Median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +3.45% +6.10%
10th Percentile £21.29 £41.25 £26.96
90th Percentile £60.13 £51.20 £59.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £43.25
% change year-on-year -5.56% +4.05% +5.49%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 39,045 67,236 94,241
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.49% 93.85% 94.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,505 44,948 63,497
Median daily rate £470 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% - -
10th Percentile £256 £238 £268
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,409 2,482 2,776
Median hourly rate £23.47 £18.00 £17.68
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +30.39% +1.81% -1.78%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.92
90th Percentile £58.00 £50.00 £48.75
Median hourly rate £19.95 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +14.00% - -

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 278 £468 +3.89% 546
UK excluding London -7 161 £425 -0.47% 481
London +24 132 £510 +2.00% 128
Work from Home -131 92 £499 +17.35% 127
North of England +43 41 £419 -1.47% 130
North West +34 27 £365 -14.12% 69
South East +35 25 £425 -5.56% 96
South West +2 22 £520 +15.56% 57
East of England +45 21 £409 -9.22% 48
Midlands +40 20 £370 -1.99% 82
Scotland +35 19 £400 -5.88% 33
West Midlands +38 15 £375 -6.25% 51
Wales +25 12 £498 +4.74% 17
Yorkshire +28 9 £425 -13.71% 46
North East +31 5 £500 +31.15% 15
East Midlands +27 3 £375 - 30
Northern Ireland +7 1 - - 19

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 January 2021, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 163 (44.66%) Agile Software Development
2 137 (37.53%) JavaScript
3 134 (36.71%) Software Engineering
4 124 (33.97%) Java
5 117 (32.05%) C#
6 95 (26.03%) Python
7 87 (23.84%) SQL
8 84 (23.01%) .NET
9 78 (21.37%) Docker
10 69 (18.90%) C++
10 69 (18.90%) AWS
11 67 (18.36%) Git (software)
11 67 (18.36%) React
12 61 (16.71%) Kubernetes
13 58 (15.89%) Node.js
14 57 (15.62%) Azure
15 56 (15.34%) TDD
16 55 (15.07%) Security Cleared
17 54 (14.79%) Finance
18 53 (14.52%) Linux
18 53 (14.52%) Microservices
19 52 (14.25%) Scrum
20 48 (13.15%) HTML
21 45 (12.33%) SQL Server
21 45 (12.33%) DevOps
22 43 (11.78%) Test Automation
23 40 (10.96%) SC Cleared
23 40 (10.96%) Web Services
24 38 (10.41%) Oracle
25 34 (9.32%) .NET Core

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (7.95%) Apache
2 22 (6.03%) Apache Spark
3 18 (4.93%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (2.19%) Camunda
4 8 (2.19%) WebLogic
5 7 (1.92%) Confluence
6 6 (1.64%) Tomcat
7 5 (1.37%) Mendix
8 4 (1.10%) CICS
9 3 (0.82%) IIS
9 3 (0.82%) SAS
9 3 (0.82%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.82%) WebSphere Application Server
10 2 (0.55%) CMS
10 2 (0.55%) Drupal
11 1 (0.27%) Apache Airflow
11 1 (0.27%) Headless CMS
11 1 (0.27%) Magnolia
11 1 (0.27%) NServiceBus
11 1 (0.27%) Umbraco
Applications
1 2 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.27%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 5 (1.37%) Teamcenter
2 3 (0.82%) OPENHousing
3 1 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 69 (18.90%) AWS
2 57 (15.62%) Azure
3 19 (5.21%) Serverless
4 13 (3.56%) AWS Lambda
5 10 (2.74%) GitHub
6 9 (2.47%) AWS CloudFormation
6 9 (2.47%) GCP
7 8 (2.19%) Amazon S3
8 6 (1.64%) npm
9 5 (1.37%) Amazon ECS
9 5 (1.37%) OpenShift
10 4 (1.10%) PaaS
10 4 (1.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 3 (0.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 3 (0.82%) Amazon EC2
11 3 (0.82%) Amazon Kinesis
11 3 (0.82%) Amazon SQS
11 3 (0.82%) AWS Step Functions
11 3 (0.82%) Office 365
12 2 (0.55%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 10 (2.74%) HTTP
1 10 (2.74%) TCP/IP
2 4 (1.10%) ATM
2 4 (1.10%) DVB
2 4 (1.10%) FTP
2 4 (1.10%) IPv4
2 4 (1.10%) IPv6
2 4 (1.10%) Wi-Fi
3 3 (0.82%) Multicast
3 3 (0.82%) Wireless
4 2 (0.55%) Broadband
4 2 (0.55%) DECT
4 2 (0.55%) DHCP
4 2 (0.55%) Internet
4 2 (0.55%) PPP
4 2 (0.55%) UPnP
5 1 (0.27%) DNS
5 1 (0.27%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.27%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (12.33%) SQL Server
2 25 (6.85%) PostgreSQL
3 18 (4.93%) Apache Ignite
4 15 (4.11%) MySQL
5 12 (3.29%) Big Data
5 12 (3.29%) MongoDB
6 11 (3.01%) Relational Database
7 6 (1.64%) NoSQL
8 5 (1.37%) Adabas
8 5 (1.37%) Amazon Aurora
8 5 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 4 (1.10%) Data Mart
9 4 (1.10%) MS Access
10 3 (0.82%) Apache Hive
10 3 (0.82%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.82%) GIS
10 3 (0.82%) HBase
10 3 (0.82%) MariaDB
10 3 (0.82%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.55%) Redis
Development Applications
1 67 (18.36%) Git (software)
2 29 (7.95%) Jenkins
3 22 (6.03%) JIRA
4 18 (4.93%) CA Gen
5 11 (3.01%) Maven
5 11 (3.01%) Subversion
5 11 (3.01%) Visual Studio
6 9 (2.47%) Bitbucket
6 9 (2.47%) GitLab
7 8 (2.19%) Selenium
8 7 (1.92%) Eclipse
9 6 (1.64%) GDB
9 6 (1.64%) webpack
10 5 (1.37%) JUnit
10 5 (1.37%) Team Foundation Server
11 4 (1.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 4 (1.10%) ClearCase
11 4 (1.10%) JMeter
11 4 (1.10%) NUnit
11 4 (1.10%) WebLogic Workshop
General
1 54 (14.79%) Finance
2 33 (9.04%) Front Office
3 31 (8.49%) Public Sector
4 19 (5.21%) Law
5 8 (2.19%) Electronics
6 6 (1.64%) Banking
7 5 (1.37%) Back Office
7 5 (1.37%) Manufacturing
7 5 (1.37%) Marketing
8 4 (1.10%) Retail
8 4 (1.10%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.82%) Games
10 2 (0.55%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.55%) German Language
11 1 (0.27%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.27%) Police
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 84 (23.01%) .NET
2 67 (18.36%) React
3 58 (15.89%) Node.js
4 48 (13.15%) HTML
5 40 (10.96%) Web Services
6 34 (9.32%) .NET Core
7 33 (9.04%) AngularJS
8 32 (8.77%) CSS
8 32 (8.77%) REST
8 32 (8.77%) Spring
9 28 (7.67%) ASP.NET
10 27 (7.40%) Spring Boot
11 25 (6.85%) RESTful
12 20 (5.48%) .NET Framework
13 19 (5.21%) gRPC
14 18 (4.93%) Protocol Buffers
15 17 (4.66%) HTML5
16 13 (3.56%) XML
17 12 (3.29%) JSON
18 11 (3.01%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 24 (6.58%) Derivative
2 22 (6.03%) Analytical Skills
3 20 (5.48%) Equities
4 18 (4.93%) Fixed Income
5 15 (4.11%) User Experience
6 10 (2.74%) Self-Motivation
7 6 (1.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (1.64%) Mainframe
8 5 (1.37%) Public Cloud
8 5 (1.37%) STB
9 4 (1.10%) Device Driver
9 4 (1.10%) Digital TV
9 4 (1.10%) MPEG
9 4 (1.10%) Video\Live Streaming
10 3 (0.82%) Cloud Native
10 3 (0.82%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (0.82%) Smart Meter
11 2 (0.55%) Data Centre
11 2 (0.55%) Data Structures
11 2 (0.55%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 53 (14.52%) Linux
2 31 (8.49%) Unix
3 20 (5.48%) Windows
4 11 (3.01%) AIX
5 6 (1.64%) Embedded Linux
6 4 (1.10%) Windows 10
7 3 (0.82%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.55%) Android
8 2 (0.55%) Apple iOS
8 2 (0.55%) OpenWrt
9 1 (0.27%) CentOS
9 1 (0.27%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
9 1 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.27%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 163 (44.66%) Agile Software Development
2 134 (36.71%) Software Engineering
3 56 (15.34%) TDD
4 53 (14.52%) Microservices
5 52 (14.25%) Scrum
6 45 (12.33%) DevOps
7 43 (11.78%) Test Automation
8 27 (7.40%) MVC
9 23 (6.30%) Continuous Integration
10 22 (6.03%) Asset Management
10 22 (6.03%) Problem-Solving
10 22 (6.03%) Unit Testing
11 20 (5.48%) Investment Management
12 18 (4.93%) BDD
12 18 (4.93%) OO
12 18 (4.93%) Performance Attribution
12 18 (4.93%) SDLC
13 17 (4.66%) Analytics
13 17 (4.66%) Migration
14 15 (4.11%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 137 (37.53%) JavaScript
2 124 (33.97%) Java
3 117 (32.05%) C#
4 95 (26.03%) Python
5 87 (23.84%) SQL
6 69 (18.90%) C++
7 33 (9.04%) Scala
8 32 (8.77%) C
9 28 (7.67%) Kotlin
10 26 (7.12%) PL/SQL
11 24 (6.58%) Shell Script
12 23 (6.30%) TypeScript
13 22 (6.03%) Go
14 21 (5.75%) Java 8
15 14 (3.84%) Bash Shell
15 14 (3.84%) ES6
16 13 (3.56%) Korn
16 13 (3.56%) PHP
17 9 (2.47%) Ruby
18 8 (2.19%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 55 (15.07%) Security Cleared
2 40 (10.96%) SC Cleared
3 29 (7.95%) Degree
4 8 (2.19%) DV Cleared
5 7 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.37%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (1.10%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.55%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.27%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.27%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.27%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.27%) RHCE
9 1 (0.27%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (4.11%) QA
2 7 (1.92%) GDPR
3 2 (0.55%) Dublin Core
3 2 (0.55%) JTAG
3 2 (0.55%) WCAG
4 1 (0.27%) Government Security Classifications
4 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 78 (21.37%) Docker
2 4 (1.10%) Time Sharing Option
3 3 (0.82%) Firmware
3 3 (0.82%) HDFS
4 2 (0.55%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 61 (16.71%) Kubernetes
2 32 (8.77%) Terraform
3 7 (1.92%) Puppet
4 5 (1.37%) ITRS Geneos
4 5 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
4 5 (1.37%) Tivoli
5 4 (1.10%) Ansible
6 2 (0.55%) Grafana
7 1 (0.27%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
7 1 (0.27%) Kibana
Vendors
1 38 (10.41%) Oracle
2 18 (4.93%) Bloomberg
3 15 (4.11%) CA
3 15 (4.11%) IBM
3 15 (4.11%) Microsoft
4 10 (2.74%) SAP
5 7 (1.92%) Google
6 6 (1.64%) Murex
7 4 (1.10%) Informatica
7 4 (1.10%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.82%) Capita
9 2 (0.55%) Apple
9 2 (0.55%) Atmel
9 2 (0.55%) Cloudera
9 2 (0.55%) Confluent
9 2 (0.55%) Micro Focus
9 2 (0.55%) Pega
9 2 (0.55%) Talend
9 2 (0.55%) VMware
9 2 (0.55%) webMethods