Period
to 4 June 2020

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 4 June 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
4 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 280 277 297
Rank change year-on-year -3 +20 +19
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 398 864 843
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.89% 0.96% 0.84%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.95% 1.02% 0.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 252 533 583
Median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £325 £310
90th Percentile £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £434 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +8.44% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 36 21
Median hourly rate £37.50 £43.25 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.29% +1.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £19.00 £35.55 £22.83
90th Percentile £52.50 £57.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -12.79% +1.18% +6.25%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 42,020 85,000 95,129
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.59% 94.55% 94.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,410 55,796 62,340
Median daily rate £473 £470 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.53% +4.44% +5.88%
10th Percentile £250 £275 £268
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,724 2,751 2,993
Median hourly rate £21.54 £19.03 £18.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.16% +5.23% -3.98%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.00 £48.00
Median hourly rate £19.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.33% +2.86% -1.52%

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 4 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 4 June 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 4 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 362 £450 - 285
UK excluding London +32 282 £434 +8.44% 264
London +15 112 £500 +4.17% 52
South West +28 80 £463 +2.78% 32
South East +40 73 £438 +2.94% 44
North of England +36 42 £381 +1.67% 102
Midlands +57 32 £400 +11.11% 31
North West +31 28 £425 +14.86% 51
Work from Home +12 23 £425 -10.53% 35
East of England +42 21 £481 +13.24% 24
Scotland +37 21 £450 +12.50% 12
West Midlands +53 20 £378 +0.67% 16
East Midlands +34 12 £413 +28.91% 15
Wales +30 12 £495 +15.79% 9
North East +24 10 £288 -36.11% 19
Yorkshire +38 4 £375 - 32
Northern Ireland +15 1 - - 10

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 4 June 2020, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 183 (45.98%) Agile Software Development
2 154 (38.69%) C#
3 142 (35.68%) .NET
4 135 (33.92%) Java
5 125 (31.41%) JavaScript
6 107 (26.88%) SQL
7 98 (24.62%) Azure
8 89 (22.36%) Security Cleared
8 89 (22.36%) Python
9 79 (19.85%) AWS
10 78 (19.60%) Test Automation
10 78 (19.60%) SC Cleared
11 75 (18.84%) Git (software)
12 73 (18.34%) Software Engineering
13 72 (18.09%) HTML
14 70 (17.59%) SQL Server
15 67 (16.83%) Microsoft
16 60 (15.08%) CSS
17 59 (14.82%) AngularJS
18 57 (14.32%) DevOps
19 55 (13.82%) TDD
19 55 (13.82%) MVC
20 54 (13.57%) Scrum
21 50 (12.56%) Docker
22 48 (12.06%) .NET Framework
22 48 (12.06%) Jenkins
23 45 (11.31%) C++
24 43 (10.80%) Web Services
24 43 (10.80%) ASP.NET
25 42 (10.55%) Node.js

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (4.02%) CMS
2 11 (2.76%) Tomcat
3 9 (2.26%) Apache
4 8 (2.01%) EPiServer
4 8 (2.01%) SharePoint
4 8 (2.01%) WebLogic
5 6 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
6 5 (1.26%) IIS
7 4 (1.01%) Confluence
8 3 (0.75%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.75%) Drupal
8 3 (0.75%) SAS
9 2 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.50%) JBoss
9 2 (0.50%) NServiceBus
9 2 (0.50%) Tuxedo
10 1 (0.25%) Kentico
10 1 (0.25%) Mule
10 1 (0.25%) Sitefinity
10 1 (0.25%) Umbraco
Applications
1 4 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.25%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 98 (24.62%) Azure
2 79 (19.85%) AWS
3 27 (6.78%) Serverless
4 19 (4.77%) GitHub
5 16 (4.02%) AWS Lambda
6 8 (2.01%) GCP
7 7 (1.76%) Apigee
7 7 (1.76%) AWS CloudFormation
7 7 (1.76%) Power Platform
8 6 (1.51%) Amazon S3
9 5 (1.26%) PaaS
9 5 (1.26%) SaaS
10 4 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (1.01%) Azure Functions
10 4 (1.01%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (0.75%) AWS Step Functions
11 3 (0.75%) Azure Data Factory
11 3 (0.75%) Slack
12 2 (0.50%) BlazeMeter
12 2 (0.50%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.76%) HTTP
2 4 (1.01%) Wireshark
3 3 (0.75%) Internet
4 2 (0.50%) RTSP
4 2 (0.50%) SNMP
4 2 (0.50%) VoIP
4 2 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.25%) AMQP
5 1 (0.25%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.25%) DNS
5 1 (0.25%) PBX
5 1 (0.25%) RS-232
5 1 (0.25%) RTP
5 1 (0.25%) WAN
5 1 (0.25%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (17.59%) SQL Server
2 20 (5.03%) MySQL
3 14 (3.52%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (2.76%) NoSQL
5 9 (2.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 8 (2.01%) Relational Database
7 7 (1.76%) MongoDB
7 7 (1.76%) Power BI
7 7 (1.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 6 (1.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 6 (1.51%) Big Data
9 5 (1.26%) Redis
10 4 (1.01%) Azure SQL Database
10 4 (1.01%) BusinessObjects
10 4 (1.01%) Cosmos DB
10 4 (1.01%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (1.01%) Hadoop
10 4 (1.01%) Oracle Database
10 4 (1.01%) SQL Server 2014
11 3 (0.75%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 75 (18.84%) Git (software)
2 48 (12.06%) Jenkins
3 36 (9.05%) Visual Studio
4 25 (6.28%) Selenium
5 19 (4.77%) JIRA
6 18 (4.52%) Cucumber
7 15 (3.77%) Maven
8 13 (3.27%) Team Foundation Server
9 12 (3.02%) Subversion
10 11 (2.76%) SpecFlow
11 10 (2.51%) SonarQube
12 8 (2.01%) Postman
13 7 (1.76%) FindBugs
13 7 (1.76%) JUnit
13 7 (1.76%) Log4j
13 7 (1.76%) Mercurial
13 7 (1.76%) WebDriver
14 6 (1.51%) Bitbucket
14 6 (1.51%) Hudson
14 6 (1.51%) Rational Rhapsody
General
1 40 (10.05%) Public Sector
2 31 (7.79%) Finance
3 18 (4.52%) Banking
4 10 (2.51%) Legal
5 8 (2.01%) Retail
6 6 (1.51%) Marketing
7 4 (1.01%) Manufacturing
8 3 (0.75%) Aerospace
8 3 (0.75%) Games
8 3 (0.75%) Law
8 3 (0.75%) Telecoms
9 2 (0.50%) Advertising
9 2 (0.50%) Automotive
9 2 (0.50%) Electronics
9 2 (0.50%) Multimedia
9 2 (0.50%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.25%) Front Office
10 1 (0.25%) International Banking
10 1 (0.25%) Local Government
10 1 (0.25%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 142 (35.68%) .NET
2 72 (18.09%) HTML
3 60 (15.08%) CSS
4 59 (14.82%) AngularJS
5 48 (12.06%) .NET Framework
6 43 (10.80%) ASP.NET
6 43 (10.80%) Web Services
7 42 (10.55%) Node.js
8 35 (8.79%) React
9 32 (8.04%) jQuery
9 32 (8.04%) RESTful
10 28 (7.04%) Entity Framework
11 24 (6.03%) HTML5
11 24 (6.03%) Spring
12 23 (5.78%) .NET Core
13 22 (5.53%) XML
14 19 (4.77%) ASP.NET Web API
15 18 (4.52%) ASP.NET MVC
16 16 (4.02%) JSON
17 12 (3.02%) LINQ
Miscellaneous
1 25 (6.28%) Analytical Skills
2 10 (2.51%) Greenfield Project
3 7 (1.76%) Algorithms
3 7 (1.76%) Cloud Native
3 7 (1.76%) Data Structures
3 7 (1.76%) User Experience
3 7 (1.76%) Virtual Team
4 4 (1.01%) Enterprise Software
4 4 (1.01%) Mobile App
5 3 (0.75%) Embedded Systems
5 3 (0.75%) EPoS
5 3 (0.75%) W3C
6 2 (0.50%) Analytical Mindset
6 2 (0.50%) Management Information System
6 2 (0.50%) Mobile Payment
6 2 (0.50%) MPEG
6 2 (0.50%) NHS
6 2 (0.50%) Video\Live Streaming
7 1 (0.25%) Public Cloud
7 1 (0.25%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 36 (9.05%) Windows
2 34 (8.54%) Linux
3 14 (3.52%) Unix
4 8 (2.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 7 (1.76%) Android
5 7 (1.76%) CentOS
5 7 (1.76%) Debian
5 7 (1.76%) Ubuntu
6 4 (1.01%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.50%) Embedded Linux
7 2 (0.50%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.25%) Amazon Linux
8 1 (0.25%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.25%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 183 (45.98%) Agile Software Development
2 78 (19.60%) Test Automation
3 73 (18.34%) Software Engineering
4 57 (14.32%) DevOps
5 55 (13.82%) MVC
5 55 (13.82%) TDD
6 54 (13.57%) Scrum
7 40 (10.05%) OO
8 38 (9.55%) BDD
8 38 (9.55%) SDLC
9 33 (8.29%) Unit Testing
9 33 (8.29%) Web Development
10 28 (7.04%) Microservices
10 28 (7.04%) SDET
11 27 (6.78%) Continuous Integration
12 24 (6.03%) Kanban
12 24 (6.03%) Open Source
13 23 (5.78%) Continuous Deployment
14 21 (5.28%) Problem-Solving
15 20 (5.03%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 154 (38.69%) C#
2 135 (33.92%) Java
3 125 (31.41%) JavaScript
4 107 (26.88%) SQL
5 89 (22.36%) Python
6 45 (11.31%) C++
7 26 (6.53%) PHP
8 20 (5.03%) C
8 20 (5.03%) TypeScript
9 15 (3.77%) PL/SQL
10 13 (3.27%) Java 8
11 9 (2.26%) PowerShell
11 9 (2.26%) Shell Script
12 8 (2.01%) Perl
12 8 (2.01%) VB.NET
13 7 (1.76%) Ruby
14 6 (1.51%) VB
15 5 (1.26%) Assembly Language
16 4 (1.01%) T-SQL
16 4 (1.01%) VBA
Qualifications
1 89 (22.36%) Security Cleared
2 78 (19.60%) SC Cleared
3 16 (4.02%) Degree
4 9 (2.26%) DV Cleared
5 8 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (1.76%) Master's Degree
7 6 (1.51%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.75%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.25%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.25%) MCSA
10 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.76%) QA
2 3 (0.75%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.50%) WCAG
4 1 (0.25%) GDPR
4 1 (0.25%) HL7
4 1 (0.25%) WAI
System Software
1 50 (12.56%) Docker
2 3 (0.75%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.25%) OpenAM
3 1 (0.25%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 19 (4.77%) Kubernetes
2 15 (3.77%) Terraform
3 7 (1.76%) Kibana
3 7 (1.76%) logstash
4 6 (1.51%) Ansible
5 3 (0.75%) MIIS
6 2 (0.50%) Grafana
6 2 (0.50%) Istio
7 1 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.25%) Packer
Vendors
1 67 (16.83%) Microsoft
2 20 (5.03%) Oracle
3 17 (4.27%) Google
4 7 (1.76%) Pega
5 6 (1.51%) Atlassian
5 6 (1.51%) BEA
5 6 (1.51%) Informatica
5 6 (1.51%) webMethods
6 5 (1.26%) IBM
6 5 (1.26%) SAP
6 5 (1.26%) Xamarin
7 4 (1.01%) Cloudera
8 3 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.75%) Tableau
9 2 (0.50%) Adobe
9 2 (0.50%) Databricks
9 2 (0.50%) Red Hat
9 2 (0.50%) StreamSets
10 1 (0.25%) ForgeRock
10 1 (0.25%) Roku