Period
to 28 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 340 325 288
Rank change year-on-year -15 -37 +3
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 663 222 785
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.78% 0.68% 0.93%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.83% 0.74% 0.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 488 153 518
10th Percentile £350 £325 £325
25th Percentile £400 £363 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - +3.45%
75th Percentile £575 £557 £525
90th Percentile £638 £610 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +2.94% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 2 24
10th Percentile £38.80 £43.63 £35.68
25th Percentile £42.98 £45.31 £37.75
Median hourly rate £52.50 £51.25 £42.25
Median % change year-on-year +2.44% +21.30% -3.43%
75th Percentile £56.88 £57.81 £46.69
90th Percentile £60.30 £59.88 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £51.25 £42.75
% change year-on-year +2.44% +19.88% -1.72%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 79,701 30,124 79,603
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.27% 92.37% 94.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,546 20,371 53,345
10th Percentile £300 £260 £258
25th Percentile £409 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £569
90th Percentile £700 £660 £645
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,082 1,000 2,730
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.74 £14.00 £13.75
Median hourly rate £20.00 £22.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +15.79% +8.57%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.00
90th Percentile £62.50 £54.07 £51.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -10.26% +11.43% -

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 513 £475 +5.56% 762
UK excluding London +19 315 £438 +2.94% 592
London -61 216 £550 +10.00% 222
Work from Home -103 181 £428 +0.59% 215
South West +7 69 £488 +4.84% 62
North of England -52 61 £400 +10.34% 161
South East -54 57 £425 - 119
Scotland -36 45 £433 -8.95% 40
North West -29 42 £400 +10.34% 90
Midlands -43 40 £425 +13.33% 136
East of England -25 31 £495 +26.92% 61
West Midlands -45 28 £425 +5.92% 77
Yorkshire -23 19 £413 - 47
Wales -22 13 £480 -3.62% 8
East Midlands -32 12 £438 +25.00% 59
Isle of Man - 1 £400 -
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 5

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 332 (50.08%) Agile Software Development
2 277 (41.78%) C#
3 223 (33.63%) .NET
4 217 (32.73%) JavaScript
5 198 (29.86%) Java
6 194 (29.26%) Software Engineering
7 169 (25.49%) Azure
8 148 (22.32%) Test Automation
9 147 (22.17%) SQL
10 143 (21.57%) DevOps
11 138 (20.81%) TDD
12 131 (19.76%) React
13 126 (19.00%) Python
14 122 (18.40%) AWS
15 112 (16.89%) CSS
16 111 (16.74%) HTML
17 106 (15.99%) Security Cleared
18 103 (15.54%) Software Testing
18 103 (15.54%) SQL Server
19 101 (15.23%) Scrum
20 100 (15.08%) Git (software)
21 94 (14.18%) SC Cleared
22 93 (14.03%) Social Skills
23 90 (13.57%) Microservices
23 90 (13.57%) Jenkins
24 89 (13.42%) Node.js
25 86 (12.97%) SDET
26 85 (12.82%) TypeScript
27 81 (12.22%) Docker
27 81 (12.22%) AngularJS

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (5.73%) Confluence
2 15 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
2 15 (2.26%) Umbraco
3 8 (1.21%) CMS
4 7 (1.06%) IIS
5 6 (0.90%) Apache
5 6 (0.90%) Tomcat
5 6 (0.90%) WebLogic
6 5 (0.75%) Drupal
6 5 (0.75%) SAS
7 4 (0.60%) Apache Solr
7 4 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (0.60%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.45%) GeoServer
9 2 (0.30%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.30%) Headless CMS
10 1 (0.15%) Camunda
10 1 (0.15%) CICS
10 1 (0.15%) JBoss
Applications
1 7 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.30%) Simulink
4 1 (0.15%) Adobe XD
4 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.15%) Sketch
4 1 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.45%) Exchequer
1 3 (0.45%) Temenos T24
2 2 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.15%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.15%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 169 (25.49%) Azure
2 122 (18.40%) AWS
3 53 (7.99%) Serverless
4 43 (6.49%) GitHub
5 41 (6.18%) AWS Lambda
6 34 (5.13%) GCP
7 24 (3.62%) Amazon S3
8 23 (3.47%) OpenShift
9 20 (3.02%) SaaS
10 16 (2.41%) AWS CloudFormation
11 13 (1.96%) Dynamics 365
11 13 (1.96%) NuGet
12 11 (1.66%) Amazon SQS
13 8 (1.21%) Azure Service Bus
14 7 (1.06%) BrowserStack
14 7 (1.06%) Sauce Labs
15 6 (0.90%) PaaS
16 5 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
16 5 (0.75%) GitHub Actions
16 5 (0.75%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.81%) HTTP
2 6 (0.90%) TCP/IP
3 4 (0.60%) SNMP
3 4 (0.60%) VoIP
4 3 (0.45%) DSL
5 2 (0.30%) Broadband
5 2 (0.30%) ICMP
5 2 (0.30%) Modbus
5 2 (0.30%) RTP
5 2 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
5 2 (0.30%) Wireless
5 2 (0.30%) Wireshark
6 1 (0.15%) ATM
6 1 (0.15%) GPON
6 1 (0.15%) MQTT
6 1 (0.15%) PBX
6 1 (0.15%) Radio Access Network
6 1 (0.15%) SSH
6 1 (0.15%) Unified Communications
6 1 (0.15%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 103 (15.54%) SQL Server
2 39 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
3 27 (4.07%) MongoDB
4 23 (3.47%) MySQL
5 18 (2.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 18 (2.71%) NoSQL
5 18 (2.71%) Relational Database
6 12 (1.81%) Amazon Aurora
7 11 (1.66%) Azure SQL Database
8 10 (1.51%) Big Data
8 10 (1.51%) GIS
9 9 (1.36%) Amazon Athena
9 9 (1.36%) SQL Server 2016
9 9 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 7 (1.06%) Amazon RDS
10 7 (1.06%) Hadoop
10 7 (1.06%) RDBMS
11 6 (0.90%) BusinessObjects
11 6 (0.90%) SQL Server 2008
12 5 (0.75%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 100 (15.08%) Git (software)
2 90 (13.57%) Jenkins
3 59 (8.90%) Selenium
4 57 (8.60%) JIRA
5 41 (6.18%) Maven
6 39 (5.88%) Cucumber
7 37 (5.58%) JMeter
8 36 (5.43%) SpecFlow
9 27 (4.07%) WebDriver
10 25 (3.77%) Travis CI
11 24 (3.62%) JUnit
12 21 (3.17%) TeamCity
13 20 (3.02%) webpack
14 19 (2.87%) Postman
15 17 (2.56%) Bitbucket
15 17 (2.56%) GitLab
16 15 (2.26%) Visual Studio
17 13 (1.96%) REST Assured
18 12 (1.81%) gulp
19 11 (1.66%) Gradle
General
1 93 (14.03%) Social Skills
2 60 (9.05%) Finance
3 50 (7.54%) Public Sector
4 38 (5.73%) Analytical Skills
5 20 (3.02%) Banking
6 17 (2.56%) Retail
7 11 (1.66%) Games
7 11 (1.66%) Law
8 9 (1.36%) Manufacturing
8 9 (1.36%) Telecoms
9 6 (0.90%) Front Office
10 5 (0.75%) Automotive
10 5 (0.75%) Investment Banking
11 4 (0.60%) Marketing
11 4 (0.60%) Military
12 3 (0.45%) Aerospace
12 3 (0.45%) Back Office
12 3 (0.45%) Legal
12 3 (0.45%) Organisational Skills
12 3 (0.45%) Presentation Skills
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 223 (33.63%) .NET
2 131 (19.76%) React
3 112 (16.89%) CSS
4 111 (16.74%) HTML
5 89 (13.42%) Node.js
6 81 (12.22%) AngularJS
7 78 (11.76%) REST
8 70 (10.56%) .NET Framework
9 61 (9.20%) ASP.NET
10 56 (8.45%) .NET Core
11 52 (7.84%) Spring
12 48 (7.24%) HTML5
12 48 (7.24%) RESTful
13 44 (6.64%) ASP.NET Web API
13 44 (6.64%) Spring Boot
14 38 (5.73%) Web Services
15 31 (4.68%) XML
16 26 (3.92%) Redux
17 25 (3.77%) JSON
18 24 (3.62%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 28 (4.22%) User Experience
2 17 (2.56%) Legacy Systems
3 15 (2.26%) Derivative
4 12 (1.81%) Data Structures
5 11 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
5 11 (1.66%) Self-Motivation
6 10 (1.51%) Algorithms
6 10 (1.51%) Cloud Native
6 10 (1.51%) Greenfield Project
7 9 (1.36%) NHS
8 8 (1.21%) Embedded Systems
9 7 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
10 5 (0.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 5 (0.75%) Mobile App
11 4 (0.60%) Analytical Mindset
11 4 (0.60%) Legacy Code
11 4 (0.60%) N-Tier
11 4 (0.60%) Video\Live Streaming
11 4 (0.60%) Virtual Team
12 3 (0.45%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 61 (9.20%) Linux
2 41 (6.18%) Windows
3 20 (3.02%) Unix
4 19 (2.87%) Android
5 12 (1.81%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.60%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.45%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.30%) Debian
8 2 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.30%) VxWorks
9 1 (0.15%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.15%) VME
9 1 (0.15%) VMS
9 1 (0.15%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 332 (50.08%) Agile Software Development
2 194 (29.26%) Software Engineering
3 148 (22.32%) Test Automation
4 143 (21.57%) DevOps
5 138 (20.81%) TDD
6 103 (15.54%) Software Testing
7 101 (15.23%) Scrum
8 90 (13.57%) Microservices
9 86 (12.97%) SDET
10 79 (11.92%) Full Stack Development
11 74 (11.16%) Unit Testing
12 70 (10.56%) MVC
13 66 (9.95%) Continuous Integration
14 56 (8.45%) Analytics
15 54 (8.14%) OO
16 52 (7.84%) BDD
16 52 (7.84%) Continuous Delivery
17 50 (7.54%) Problem-Solving
18 43 (6.49%) Visualisation
19 42 (6.33%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 277 (41.78%) C#
2 217 (32.73%) JavaScript
3 198 (29.86%) Java
4 147 (22.17%) SQL
5 126 (19.00%) Python
6 85 (12.82%) TypeScript
7 81 (12.22%) C++
8 29 (4.37%) C
9 27 (4.07%) Java 8
10 26 (3.92%) Scala
11 21 (3.17%) Go
11 21 (3.17%) Kotlin
11 21 (3.17%) T-SQL
12 19 (2.87%) PHP
12 19 (2.87%) PL/SQL
13 17 (2.56%) Ruby
14 15 (2.26%) VB.NET
15 14 (2.11%) Shell Script
16 12 (1.81%) Bash Shell
16 12 (1.81%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 106 (15.99%) Security Cleared
2 94 (14.18%) SC Cleared
3 36 (5.43%) Degree
4 22 (3.32%) ISTQB
5 19 (2.87%) BPSS Clearance
6 17 (2.56%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 13 (1.96%) Computer Science Degree
8 10 (1.51%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.60%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.45%) PhD
11 2 (0.30%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.15%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.15%) CEH
12 1 (0.15%) CISSP
12 1 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.15%) HND
12 1 (0.15%) ISEB
12 1 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (4.83%) QA
2 28 (4.22%) Accessibility
3 5 (0.75%) JTAG
4 4 (0.60%) SLA
5 2 (0.30%) IEC 61508
5 2 (0.30%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.15%) DICOM
6 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.15%) GRC
6 1 (0.15%) GxP
6 1 (0.15%) SOC 2
System Software
1 81 (12.22%) Docker
2 7 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.60%) HDFS
4 2 (0.30%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.30%) Firmware
4 2 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.15%) KVM
5 1 (0.15%) vSphere
5 1 (0.15%) Xen
Systems Management
1 57 (8.60%) Kubernetes
2 17 (2.56%) Ansible
3 16 (2.41%) Grafana
3 16 (2.41%) Terraform
4 9 (1.36%) Kibana
5 5 (0.75%) Prometheus
6 3 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.45%) Puppet
7 2 (0.30%) Oozie
8 1 (0.15%) Amdocs OSS
8 1 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.15%) Mesos
8 1 (0.15%) MIIS
8 1 (0.15%) Packer
8 1 (0.15%) vRealize
8 1 (0.15%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 1 (0.15%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
Vendors
1 57 (8.60%) Microsoft
2 35 (5.28%) Oracle
3 9 (1.36%) Google
3 9 (1.36%) Informatica
4 7 (1.06%) webMethods
5 6 (0.90%) IBM
5 6 (0.90%) Red Hat
5 6 (0.90%) Telerik
5 6 (0.90%) Xamarin
6 5 (0.75%) BEA
7 4 (0.60%) Adobe
7 4 (0.60%) WSO2
8 3 (0.45%) Alteryx
8 3 (0.45%) Cvent
8 3 (0.45%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
8 3 (0.45%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.45%) Splunk
8 3 (0.45%) Talend
8 3 (0.45%) Temenos
9 2 (0.30%) CA