Period
to 16 November 2018

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 268 324 324
Rank change year-on-year +56 0 +53
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 1,018 776 823
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.98% 0.75% 0.78%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.03% 0.79% 0.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 673 492 493
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +9.68% +10.71%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £268
90th Percentile £574 £575 £540
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £380 £350
% change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 50 45
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.15 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.36% +2.88% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32.50 £26.25 £30.80
90th Percentile £58.68 £48.95 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.08 £40.00
% change year-on-year +9.56% +2.69% +6.67%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 98,450 97,691 100,694
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.73% 94.94% 94.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 64,931 64,384 65,623
UK median daily rate £450 £448 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.56% +5.29% +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £261 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £391
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.29% +4.28%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,077 2,924 3,341
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.74% +3.89% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.96 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% -

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +53 903 £450 +5.88% 1,201
UK excluding London +56 682 £400 +5.26% 1,025
London +22 321 £500 +8.11% 280
South East +53 200 £425 +10.03% 259
North of England +20 141 £375 -11.76% 217
Midlands +11 99 £375 +1.35% 161
South West -1 98 £450 +24.14% 149
North West -10 74 £363 -14.71% 105
West Midlands +11 68 £350 - 90
Scotland +22 59 £386 -3.44% 48
Yorkshire +15 49 £388 -1.59% 91
East of England +17 45 £400 +4.92% 136
Wales -5 36 £450 +20.00% 36
East Midlands +2 31 £438 +6.06% 71
North East +5 18 £408 -4.12% 21
Northern Ireland +32 5 £350 - 20
Isle of Man - 1 £350 -

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 480 (47.15%) Agile Software Development
2 450 (44.20%) C#
3 433 (42.53%) .NET
4 328 (32.22%) JavaScript
5 317 (31.14%) SQL
6 307 (30.16%) Java
7 225 (22.10%) SQL Server
8 222 (21.81%) Software Engineering
9 201 (19.74%) TDD
10 187 (18.37%) HTML
11 186 (18.27%) Test Automation
12 182 (17.88%) AngularJS
13 177 (17.39%) Microsoft Azure
14 168 (16.50%) Python
15 159 (15.62%) MVC
16 156 (15.32%) CSS
17 148 (14.54%) ASP.NET
18 147 (14.44%) Scrum
19 142 (13.95%) Microservices
20 137 (13.46%) Microsoft
21 135 (13.26%) Git (software)
22 134 (13.16%) Amazon AWS
23 129 (12.67%) Web Services
23 129 (12.67%) Linux
23 129 (12.67%) Finance
24 125 (12.28%) BDD
25 120 (11.79%) Node.js
26 114 (11.20%) React
26 114 (11.20%) Security Cleared
27 113 (11.10%) JIRA

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (3.93%) Confluence
2 24 (2.36%) Elasticsearch
2 24 (2.36%) NServiceBus
3 23 (2.26%) Apache
3 23 (2.26%) Apache Spark
4 18 (1.77%) CMS
5 14 (1.38%) SharePoint
6 13 (1.28%) IIS
7 12 (1.18%) WebLogic
8 10 (0.98%) JBoss
9 8 (0.79%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.69%) Sitecore CMS
10 7 (0.69%) Skype for Business
11 6 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
11 6 (0.59%) EPiServer
12 5 (0.49%) WebSphere
13 4 (0.39%) Anypoint
13 4 (0.39%) Mule
14 3 (0.29%) Jetty
14 3 (0.29%) Umbraco
Applications
1 9 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.69%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.098%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.098%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 12 (1.18%) Oracle BPM
2 5 (0.49%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.20%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.20%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.20%) TIBCO iProcess
4 1 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.098%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.098%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 177 (17.39%) Microsoft Azure
2 134 (13.16%) Amazon AWS
3 29 (2.85%) GitHub
4 21 (2.06%) PaaS
5 17 (1.67%) Cloud Computing
6 15 (1.47%) Google Cloud Platform
7 14 (1.38%) npm
7 14 (1.38%) Serverless
8 13 (1.28%) SaaS
9 12 (1.18%) Amazon SQS
10 11 (1.08%) Slack
11 10 (0.98%) IaaS
12 9 (0.88%) OpenShift
13 8 (0.79%) Apigee
13 8 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
13 8 (0.79%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 7 (0.69%) Amazon S3
15 6 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
15 6 (0.59%) BrowserStack
16 4 (0.39%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 28 (2.75%) TCP/IP
2 27 (2.65%) Internet
3 15 (1.47%) HTTP
4 13 (1.28%) Firewall
5 12 (1.18%) SSH
6 10 (0.98%) SNMP
7 9 (0.88%) SSL
7 9 (0.88%) VoIP
8 8 (0.79%) Skype
9 6 (0.59%) Network Security
9 6 (0.59%) SMS
9 6 (0.59%) Wireless
10 5 (0.49%) DHCP
10 5 (0.49%) DNS
10 5 (0.49%) Wireshark
11 4 (0.39%) PBX
11 4 (0.39%) RTCP
11 4 (0.39%) RTP
11 4 (0.39%) SMTP
11 4 (0.39%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 225 (22.10%) SQL Server
2 78 (7.66%) NoSQL
3 58 (5.70%) MongoDB
4 53 (5.21%) MySQL
5 50 (4.91%) Relational Database
6 42 (4.13%) PostgreSQL
7 38 (3.73%) Hadoop
8 23 (2.26%) Big Data
9 19 (1.87%) SQL Server 2000
10 18 (1.77%) Oracle Database
11 16 (1.57%) Data Warehouse
12 15 (1.47%) Apache Hive
13 12 (1.18%) Flink
13 12 (1.18%) RDBMS
14 11 (1.08%) Oracle Database 12c
15 9 (0.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 7 (0.69%) SQL Server 2008
16 7 (0.69%) SQL Server 2016
17 6 (0.59%) Crystal Reports
17 6 (0.59%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 135 (13.26%) Git (software)
2 113 (11.10%) JIRA
3 93 (9.14%) Selenium
4 91 (8.94%) Jenkins
5 72 (7.07%) Visual Studio
6 54 (5.30%) Team Foundation Server
7 50 (4.91%) Cucumber
8 38 (3.73%) Octopus Deploy
9 35 (3.44%) Maven
9 35 (3.44%) WebDriver
10 33 (3.24%) TeamCity
11 26 (2.55%) AccuRev
12 25 (2.46%) NUnit
12 25 (2.46%) SpecFlow
12 25 (2.46%) Subversion
13 24 (2.36%) JUnit
14 17 (1.67%) Eclipse
14 17 (1.67%) JMeter
15 16 (1.57%) Gradle
16 15 (1.47%) Gatling
General
1 129 (12.67%) Finance
2 43 (4.22%) Banking
3 24 (2.36%) Telecoms
4 20 (1.96%) Marketing
5 15 (1.47%) Front Office
6 14 (1.38%) Back Office
6 14 (1.38%) Electronics
6 14 (1.38%) Law
6 14 (1.38%) Retail
7 13 (1.28%) Games
7 13 (1.28%) Legal
7 13 (1.28%) Manufacturing
8 9 (0.88%) Advertising
9 8 (0.79%) Automotive
10 5 (0.49%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.39%) Avionics
11 4 (0.39%) Investment Banking
12 3 (0.29%) Aerospace
12 3 (0.29%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.20%) French Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 433 (42.53%) .NET
2 187 (18.37%) HTML
3 182 (17.88%) AngularJS
4 156 (15.32%) CSS
5 148 (14.54%) ASP.NET
6 129 (12.67%) Web Services
7 120 (11.79%) Node.js
8 114 (11.20%) React
9 106 (10.41%) .NET Framework
10 84 (8.25%) jQuery
11 74 (7.27%) XML
12 67 (6.58%) RESTful
13 65 (6.39%) ASP.NET MVC
13 65 (6.39%) REST
14 64 (6.29%) Spring
15 61 (5.99%) SOAP
16 60 (5.89%) ASP.NET Web API
17 58 (5.70%) WPF
18 56 (5.50%) WCF
19 53 (5.21%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 67 (6.58%) Computer Science
2 52 (5.11%) Analytical Skills
3 51 (5.01%) Greenfield Project
4 35 (3.44%) Fintech
5 30 (2.95%) Algorithms
6 26 (2.55%) User Experience
7 25 (2.46%) Data Structures
7 25 (2.46%) Mobile App
8 13 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
9 10 (0.98%) Hedge funds
10 9 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (0.49%) Derivative
11 5 (0.49%) Embedded Systems
11 5 (0.49%) NHS
11 5 (0.49%) Public Cloud
12 4 (0.39%) Digital Media
12 4 (0.39%) Life Science
12 4 (0.39%) Management Information System
12 4 (0.39%) Social Media
13 3 (0.29%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 129 (12.67%) Linux
2 97 (9.53%) Windows
3 30 (2.95%) Unix
4 18 (1.77%) Android
5 16 (1.57%) Apple iOS
5 16 (1.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (0.98%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.69%) CentOS
8 6 (0.59%) VxWorks
9 5 (0.49%) Mac OS X
9 5 (0.49%) VMS
10 3 (0.29%) FreeRTOS
10 3 (0.29%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.20%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.098%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.098%) Nucleus RTOS
12 1 (0.098%) Solaris
12 1 (0.098%) ThreadX
12 1 (0.098%) Windows Embedded Compact
12 1 (0.098%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 480 (47.15%) Agile Software Development
2 222 (21.81%) Software Engineering
3 201 (19.74%) TDD
4 186 (18.27%) Test Automation
5 159 (15.62%) MVC
6 147 (14.44%) Scrum
7 142 (13.95%) Microservices
8 125 (12.28%) BDD
9 111 (10.90%) OO
10 100 (9.82%) Continuous Integration
11 97 (9.53%) SDET
12 79 (7.76%) Unit Testing
13 78 (7.66%) E-Commerce
14 74 (7.27%) DevOps
15 66 (6.48%) Problem-Solving
16 65 (6.39%) SDLC
17 53 (5.21%) Open Source
18 52 (5.11%) Multithreading
19 48 (4.72%) SOLID
19 48 (4.72%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 450 (44.20%) C#
2 328 (32.22%) JavaScript
3 317 (31.14%) SQL
4 307 (30.16%) Java
5 168 (16.50%) Python
6 112 (11.00%) C++
7 56 (5.50%) T-SQL
8 52 (5.11%) VB.NET
9 47 (4.62%) C
9 47 (4.62%) PHP
10 43 (4.22%) TypeScript
11 32 (3.14%) Java 8
12 29 (2.85%) PowerShell
13 26 (2.55%) Scala
14 25 (2.46%) Bash Shell
15 20 (1.96%) Ruby
16 18 (1.77%) Perl
17 15 (1.47%) Go
17 15 (1.47%) Shell Script
17 15 (1.47%) XAML
Qualifications
1 114 (11.20%) Security Cleared
2 90 (8.84%) Degree
3 72 (7.07%) SC Cleared
4 23 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.87%) DV Cleared
6 9 (0.88%) AWS Certification
7 6 (0.59%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.39%) CTC Cleared
9 4 (0.39%) ISEB
9 4 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.29%) Sun Certification
11 2 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 1 (0.098%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (5.50%) QA
2 4 (0.39%) DO-178B
2 4 (0.39%) GDPR
2 4 (0.39%) WCAG
3 3 (0.29%) IEC 62304
3 3 (0.29%) ISO 13485
3 3 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.20%) 21 CFR Part 11
4 2 (0.20%) MISRA
5 1 (0.098%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.098%) ECSS
5 1 (0.098%) MIL-STD-1553
5 1 (0.098%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 86 (8.45%) Docker
2 6 (0.59%) Active Directory
2 6 (0.59%) Firmware
3 4 (0.39%) Hyper-V
3 4 (0.39%) KVM
3 4 (0.39%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.20%) Postfix
5 1 (0.098%) HDFS
5 1 (0.098%) OpenIDM
5 1 (0.098%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 23 (2.26%) Kubernetes
2 18 (1.77%) Terraform
3 17 (1.67%) Ansible
4 13 (1.28%) Puppet
5 7 (0.69%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (0.39%) Grafana
6 4 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
7 3 (0.29%) Graphite
7 3 (0.29%) HP Fortify
7 3 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
8 2 (0.20%) Forum Sentry
9 1 (0.098%) Cacti
9 1 (0.098%) Graylog
9 1 (0.098%) HAProxy
9 1 (0.098%) Kibana
9 1 (0.098%) Matomo
9 1 (0.098%) Mesos
9 1 (0.098%) Rancher
9 1 (0.098%) Salt
Vendors
1 137 (13.46%) Microsoft
2 68 (6.68%) Oracle
3 21 (2.06%) Google
4 13 (1.28%) Zend
5 12 (1.18%) Atlassian
6 11 (1.08%) SAP
7 10 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
8 8 (0.79%) ServiceNow
8 8 (0.79%) Xamarin
9 7 (0.69%) Sitecore
10 6 (0.59%) Automation Anywhere
10 6 (0.59%) UiPath
11 5 (0.49%) MuleSoft
11 5 (0.49%) Northgate
11 5 (0.49%) Oneserve
12 4 (0.39%) Blue Prism
12 4 (0.39%) IBM
12 4 (0.39%) Splunk
12 4 (0.39%) Tableau
12 4 (0.39%) Telerik