Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £503 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 338 319 286
Rank change year-on-year -19 -33 +8
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 660 459 423
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.75% 0.78% 0.88%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.81% 0.84% 0.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 428 322 279
10th Percentile £363 £313 £322
25th Percentile £424 £375 £372
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £503 £456 £450
Median % change year-on-year +10.30% +1.39% +2.86%
75th Percentile £613 £538 £538
90th Percentile £688 £630 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +11.76% -5.56% +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 12 10
10th Percentile - £15.00 £34.53
25th Percentile £35.00 £19.72 £41.25
Median hourly rate £48.12 £33.75 £44.75
Median % change year-on-year +42.58% -24.58% +1.13%
75th Percentile £55.88 £40.44 £46.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £49.85 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £54.50 £36.19 £44.75
% change year-on-year +50.59% -19.13% +3.47%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 81,559 54,422 44,799
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.17% 92.82% 93.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,407 37,298 29,727
10th Percentile £313 £293 £250
25th Percentile £425 £388 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £480 £470
Median % change year-on-year +9.38% +2.13% -0.53%
75th Percentile £638 £584 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,960 1,700 1,632
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.50 £11.50
25th Percentile £15.75 £14.50 £14.00
Median hourly rate £23.91 £21.78 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.78% +14.63% +5.56%
75th Percentile £49.25 £44.50 £38.75
90th Percentile £65.00 £57.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £18.78 £18.00
% change year-on-year +6.52% +4.31% +2.86%

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +5 559 £525 +11.70% 654
Work from Home -27 350 £475 +5.56% 351
UK excluding London -26 290 £475 +11.76% 471
London -32 232 £535 -0.70% 237
North of England -24 77 £425 +5.59% 117
South East -21 64 £485 +10.86% 106
Midlands -2 59 £475 +30.14% 90
North West -26 55 £425 +13.33% 53
West Midlands -16 41 £485 +32.88% 47
South West -22 35 £525 +5.00% 55
East of England -15 25 £525 +10.53% 47
Scotland -28 25 £455 +7.06% 29
East Midlands -6 18 £475 +31.03% 43
Yorkshire -31 17 £425 - 48
Wales -10 8 £466 +64.87% 14
North East -5 5 £425 -10.53% 17
Northern Ireland +2 2 £500 - 14

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, Software Developer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 325 (49.24%) Agile
2 273 (41.36%) C#
3 239 (36.21%) JavaScript
4 234 (35.45%) .NET
5 211 (31.97%) Java
6 204 (30.91%) Azure
7 200 (30.30%) SQL
8 191 (28.94%) DevOps
9 177 (26.82%) Git (software)
10 155 (23.48%) Software Engineering
11 150 (22.73%) HTML
12 147 (22.27%) CI/CD
13 146 (22.12%) SQL Server
14 145 (21.97%) AWS
15 133 (20.15%) CSS
16 130 (19.70%) Microservices
17 129 (19.55%) Test Automation
18 122 (18.48%) TDD
19 120 (18.18%) Full Stack Development
20 117 (17.73%) Security Cleared
21 114 (17.27%) Scrum
22 110 (16.67%) Python
23 107 (16.21%) React
24 103 (15.61%) Social Skills
24 103 (15.61%) SC Cleared
25 99 (15.00%) AngularJS
26 86 (13.03%) TypeScript
27 84 (12.73%) Jenkins
27 84 (12.73%) Node.js
28 83 (12.58%) JIRA

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (8.18%) Confluence
2 11 (1.67%) CMS
3 9 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (0.91%) SAS
4 6 (0.91%) SharePoint
5 5 (0.76%) Apache
6 4 (0.61%) IIS
6 4 (0.61%) Tomcat
6 4 (0.61%) WebLogic
7 3 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
7 3 (0.45%) GeoServer
7 3 (0.45%) JBoss
7 3 (0.45%) ThingWorx
7 3 (0.45%) WebSphere
8 2 (0.30%) Apache Spark
8 2 (0.30%) GlassFish
8 2 (0.30%) OpenStack
8 2 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.30%) Red Hat Fuse
8 2 (0.30%) Umbraco
Applications
1 10 (1.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.30%) Simulink
4 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.45%) Endur
2 1 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.15%) Eikon
2 1 (0.15%) Magento
2 1 (0.15%) Oracle BRM
2 1 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
2 1 (0.15%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 204 (30.91%) Azure
2 145 (21.97%) AWS
3 40 (6.06%) Serverless
4 36 (5.45%) GCP
5 29 (4.39%) Amazon S3
6 21 (3.18%) AWS Lambda
6 21 (3.18%) Azure Service Bus
7 19 (2.88%) GitHub
8 17 (2.58%) Azure Functions
8 17 (2.58%) Pulumi
9 16 (2.42%) Amazon EKS
10 15 (2.27%) SaaS
11 14 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
12 10 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
12 10 (1.52%) Power Platform
13 9 (1.36%) Amazon Cognito
13 9 (1.36%) OpenShift
14 8 (1.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 8 (1.21%) IaaS
14 8 (1.21%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.58%) Network Security
2 11 (1.67%) HTTP
3 7 (1.06%) Internet
4 6 (0.91%) DNS
5 3 (0.45%) ATM
5 3 (0.45%) SNMP
5 3 (0.45%) Tactical Data Link
6 2 (0.30%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.30%) SSH
7 1 (0.15%) AMQP
7 1 (0.15%) Bluetooth
7 1 (0.15%) DWDM
7 1 (0.15%) Ethernet
7 1 (0.15%) GPON
7 1 (0.15%) MPLS
7 1 (0.15%) Reverse Proxy
7 1 (0.15%) RS-232
7 1 (0.15%) RS-485
7 1 (0.15%) SONET
7 1 (0.15%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 146 (22.12%) SQL Server
2 45 (6.82%) PostgreSQL
3 29 (4.39%) MySQL
3 29 (4.39%) NoSQL
4 27 (4.09%) MongoDB
5 26 (3.94%) Relational Database
6 16 (2.42%) Data Warehouse
7 13 (1.97%) Hadoop
7 13 (1.97%) Oracle Database
8 12 (1.82%) Amazon RDS
9 10 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 10 (1.52%) Amazon Redshift
9 10 (1.52%) Apache Hive
10 9 (1.36%) Firebird
11 8 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
11 8 (1.21%) Pentaho
11 8 (1.21%) Redis
12 6 (0.91%) Big Data
12 6 (0.91%) Impala
13 5 (0.76%) Spatial Data
Development Applications
1 177 (26.82%) Git (software)
2 84 (12.73%) Jenkins
3 83 (12.58%) JIRA
4 52 (7.88%) NUnit
4 52 (7.88%) Selenium
5 47 (7.12%) Cucumber
6 46 (6.97%) GitLab
7 44 (6.67%) Jasmine
8 41 (6.21%) Maven
9 38 (5.76%) Visual Studio
10 29 (4.39%) REST Assured
11 27 (4.09%) Team Foundation Server
12 25 (3.79%) WebDriver
13 24 (3.64%) Postman
14 22 (3.33%) JUnit
14 22 (3.33%) TeamCity
15 19 (2.88%) Moq
16 18 (2.73%) JMeter
17 17 (2.58%) Bitbucket
18 16 (2.42%) webpack
General
1 103 (15.61%) Social Skills
2 72 (10.91%) Finance
3 41 (6.21%) Public Sector
4 25 (3.79%) Analytical Skills
5 22 (3.33%) Banking
6 17 (2.58%) Retail
7 12 (1.82%) Legal
8 11 (1.67%) Manufacturing
9 8 (1.21%) Pharmaceutical
9 8 (1.21%) Presentation Skills
10 7 (1.06%) Front Office
11 6 (0.91%) Games
11 6 (0.91%) Investment Banking
11 6 (0.91%) Telecoms
12 5 (0.76%) Back Office
12 5 (0.76%) Billing
12 5 (0.76%) Publishing
13 4 (0.61%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.61%) Law
13 4 (0.61%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 234 (35.45%) .NET
2 150 (22.73%) HTML
3 133 (20.15%) CSS
4 107 (16.21%) React
5 99 (15.00%) AngularJS
6 84 (12.73%) Node.js
7 82 (12.42%) Spring
8 79 (11.97%) RESTful
9 70 (10.61%) ASP.NET
10 69 (10.45%) HTML5
11 67 (10.15%) .NET Framework
12 58 (8.79%) REST
13 56 (8.48%) Entity Framework
14 49 (7.42%) ASP.NET Web API
15 48 (7.27%) .NET Core
16 47 (7.12%) Spring Boot
17 35 (5.30%) Hibernate
17 35 (5.30%) OAuth
18 33 (5.00%) JPA
19 29 (4.39%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 28 (4.24%) User Experience
2 19 (2.88%) NHS
3 18 (2.73%) Virtual Team
4 17 (2.58%) Video Conferencing
5 13 (1.97%) Legacy Systems
6 12 (1.82%) Algorithms
6 12 (1.82%) Derivative
7 10 (1.52%) Data Protection Act
8 8 (1.21%) Greenfield Project
8 8 (1.21%) IoT
9 7 (1.06%) Cloud Native
9 7 (1.06%) Mobile App
10 6 (0.91%) Data Structures
10 6 (0.91%) Management Information System
11 5 (0.76%) Legacy Code
11 5 (0.76%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (0.76%) Robotics
11 5 (0.76%) Self-Motivation
12 4 (0.61%) Enterprise Software
12 4 (0.61%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 54 (8.18%) Linux
2 36 (5.45%) Windows
3 18 (2.73%) Unix
4 9 (1.36%) Mac OS
5 8 (1.21%) Android
6 6 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.76%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.30%) Apple iOS
8 2 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (0.30%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.15%) AIX
9 1 (0.15%) CentOS
9 1 (0.15%) OpenWrt
9 1 (0.15%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 325 (49.24%) Agile
2 191 (28.94%) DevOps
3 155 (23.48%) Software Engineering
4 147 (22.27%) CI/CD
5 130 (19.70%) Microservices
6 129 (19.55%) Test Automation
7 122 (18.48%) TDD
8 120 (18.18%) Full Stack Development
9 114 (17.27%) Scrum
10 80 (12.12%) Software Testing
11 77 (11.67%) MVC
12 73 (11.06%) Web Development
13 59 (8.94%) Unit Testing
14 57 (8.64%) Problem-Solving
15 55 (8.33%) SDET
16 47 (7.12%) BDD
17 42 (6.36%) Continuous Integration
17 42 (6.36%) OO
18 40 (6.06%) Analytics
19 39 (5.91%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 273 (41.36%) C#
2 239 (36.21%) JavaScript
3 211 (31.97%) Java
4 200 (30.30%) SQL
5 110 (16.67%) Python
6 86 (13.03%) TypeScript
7 49 (7.42%) T-SQL
8 36 (5.45%) C++
9 34 (5.15%) C
10 28 (4.24%) PL/SQL
11 23 (3.48%) Go
12 17 (2.58%) Scala
13 16 (2.42%) PHP
13 16 (2.42%) PowerShell
14 13 (1.97%) Bash
15 12 (1.82%) Shell Script
16 11 (1.67%) Ruby
17 10 (1.52%) Kotlin
17 10 (1.52%) R
17 10 (1.52%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 117 (17.73%) Security Cleared
2 103 (15.61%) SC Cleared
3 39 (5.91%) Degree
4 18 (2.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.76%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.45%) ISTQB
7 3 (0.45%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.30%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.30%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.15%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.15%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (5.45%) QA
2 24 (3.64%) Accessibility
3 4 (0.61%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.45%) GDPR
5 2 (0.30%) MiFID
6 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.15%) WCAG
System Software
1 82 (12.42%) Docker
2 6 (0.91%) HDFS
2 6 (0.91%) Slurm Workload Manager
3 5 (0.76%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.30%) OpenSSH
4 2 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.15%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.15%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 74 (11.21%) Kubernetes
2 63 (9.55%) Terraform
3 12 (1.82%) Ansible
4 9 (1.36%) Grafana
5 4 (0.61%) Istio
5 4 (0.61%) Kibana
5 4 (0.61%) Single Sign-On
6 3 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.45%) Prometheus
6 3 (0.45%) Puppet
7 2 (0.30%) vCenter Server
8 1 (0.15%) Amdocs OSS
8 1 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.15%) MIIS
8 1 (0.15%) Packer
8 1 (0.15%) Plesk
8 1 (0.15%) systemd
8 1 (0.15%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 1 (0.15%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 62 (9.39%) Microsoft
2 50 (7.58%) Oracle
3 22 (3.33%) Google
4 8 (1.21%) Red Hat
5 7 (1.06%) MuleSoft
6 6 (0.91%) SAP
6 6 (0.91%) Talend
7 5 (0.76%) Atlassian
7 5 (0.76%) OpenLink
8 4 (0.61%) Databricks
8 4 (0.61%) Informatica
8 4 (0.61%) Sage
9 3 (0.45%) Cloudera
9 3 (0.45%) IBM
9 3 (0.45%) webMethods
9 3 (0.45%) Xamarin
10 2 (0.30%) Murex
10 2 (0.30%) Salesforce.com
10 2 (0.30%) Software AG
10 2 (0.30%) VMware