Period
to 13 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 298 276 275
Rank change year-on-year -22 -1 +48
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 419 550 934
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 0.92% 0.97%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.86% 0.98% 1.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 284 376 591
10th Percentile £316 £321 £313
25th Percentile £363 £381 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £456 £438
Median % change year-on-year -1.37% +4.29% +2.94%
75th Percentile £550 £556 £538
90th Percentile £636 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £439 £400
% change year-on-year -3.13% +9.69% +5.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 11 32
10th Percentile £15.00 £41.25 £38.28
25th Percentile £23.14 £41.63 £41.25
Median hourly rate £36.19 £45.00 £43.25
Median % change year-on-year -19.58% +4.05% +1.17%
75th Percentile £52.44 £46.00 £51.44
90th Percentile £60.63 £52.50 £59.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.19 £45.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year -12.91% +4.65% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 48,693 56,183 91,309
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.77% 93.80% 94.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,398 37,314 61,632
10th Percentile £275 £225 £270
25th Percentile £375 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £460 £463
Median % change year-on-year +3.26% -0.70% +2.94%
75th Percentile £575 £569 £569
90th Percentile £660 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,680 2,155 2,660
10th Percentile £11.30 £11.50 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.50 £14.00 £13.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.70 £17.83
Median % change year-on-year +20.32% +4.91% +1.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £38.75 £38.75
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.12 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.95 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.29% - -

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -44 308 £465 +0.54% 675
UK excluding London +1 209 £425 -3.13% 587
London -6 121 £525 +5.00% 173
Work from Home -162 108 £450 -2.70% 187
North of England +51 52 £388 -3.13% 141
South East +1 41 £444 +4.41% 104
North West +32 36 £375 -6.25% 87
Scotland +11 34 £425 -0.87% 44
South West -2 34 £500 +5.26% 90
Midlands +14 22 £365 -3.31% 109
East of England +30 18 £475 -5.00% 58
West Midlands +19 18 £365 -3.31% 57
Yorkshire +32 11 £425 -22.73% 34
Wales +15 8 £175 -64.65% 29
North East +31 5 £475 +72.73% 20
East Midlands +16 3 £363 -6.45% 51
Northern Ireland +10 1 - - 12

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 174 (41.53%) Agile Software Development
2 166 (39.62%) JavaScript
3 146 (34.84%) Java
4 136 (32.46%) C#
4 136 (32.46%) Software Engineering
5 103 (24.58%) Python
6 100 (23.87%) .NET
7 93 (22.20%) AWS
8 87 (20.76%) Docker
9 83 (19.81%) SQL
10 81 (19.33%) Git (software)
11 75 (17.90%) Kubernetes
12 71 (16.95%) TDD
13 70 (16.71%) React
14 67 (15.99%) Azure
15 64 (15.27%) Microservices
16 63 (15.04%) DevOps
16 63 (15.04%) Security Cleared
17 62 (14.80%) Scrum
18 60 (14.32%) Finance
19 59 (14.08%) Node.js
20 58 (13.84%) C++
20 58 (13.84%) SQL Server
21 56 (13.37%) HTML
21 56 (13.37%) Test Automation
22 50 (11.93%) Jenkins
23 49 (11.69%) SC Cleared
23 49 (11.69%) Linux
24 46 (10.98%) Public Sector
25 45 (10.74%) CSS

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (5.73%) Elasticsearch
2 22 (5.25%) Apache
3 18 (4.30%) Apache Spark
4 10 (2.39%) Camunda
5 9 (2.15%) WebLogic
6 7 (1.67%) Confluence
7 5 (1.19%) CICS
7 5 (1.19%) Cloud Foundry
8 3 (0.72%) IIS
8 3 (0.72%) SAS
8 3 (0.72%) WebSphere
9 2 (0.48%) BizTalk Server
9 2 (0.48%) CMS
9 2 (0.48%) Mendix
9 2 (0.48%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.48%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.24%) Appian
10 1 (0.24%) Headless CMS
10 1 (0.24%) Jupyter
Applications
1 4 (0.95%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.72%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.48%) Figma
4 1 (0.24%) PrintSoft PReS
4 1 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.72%) OPENHousing
2 2 (0.48%) Teamcenter
3 1 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.24%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.24%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 93 (22.20%) AWS
2 67 (15.99%) Azure
3 43 (10.26%) Serverless
4 38 (9.07%) AWS Lambda
5 23 (5.49%) Amazon S3
6 18 (4.30%) GCP
7 17 (4.06%) OpenShift
8 14 (3.34%) GitHub
9 13 (3.10%) AWS CloudFormation
9 13 (3.10%) PaaS
10 7 (1.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 6 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
11 6 (1.43%) Amazon ECS
11 6 (1.43%) Amazon Kinesis
11 6 (1.43%) SaaS
12 5 (1.19%) npm
13 4 (0.95%) Amazon SQS
13 4 (0.95%) AWS Step Functions
13 4 (0.95%) IaaS
13 4 (0.95%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.43%) ATM
1 6 (1.43%) FTP
1 6 (1.43%) HTTP
2 4 (0.95%) Multicast
3 3 (0.72%) DECT
3 3 (0.72%) IPv4
3 3 (0.72%) IPv6
3 3 (0.72%) PPP
3 3 (0.72%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.72%) UPnP
3 3 (0.72%) Wi-Fi
4 2 (0.48%) Internet
4 2 (0.48%) Unified Communications
5 1 (0.24%) DNS
5 1 (0.24%) DVB
5 1 (0.24%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.24%) Link 11
5 1 (0.24%) Link 16
5 1 (0.24%) PuTTY
5 1 (0.24%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (13.84%) SQL Server
2 38 (9.07%) PostgreSQL
3 20 (4.77%) MySQL
4 19 (4.53%) MongoDB
5 17 (4.06%) NoSQL
6 14 (3.34%) Amazon Aurora
6 14 (3.34%) Apache Ignite
7 13 (3.10%) Relational Database
8 10 (2.39%) Big Data
9 9 (2.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 5 (1.19%) Adabas
10 5 (1.19%) Informix
10 5 (1.19%) MS Access
10 5 (1.19%) Oracle Database
11 4 (0.95%) Amazon RDS
11 4 (0.95%) Apache Hive
11 4 (0.95%) Azure SQL Database
11 4 (0.95%) Hadoop
11 4 (0.95%) Pentaho
11 4 (0.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 81 (19.33%) Git (software)
2 50 (11.93%) Jenkins
3 24 (5.73%) JIRA
4 17 (4.06%) Maven
4 17 (4.06%) Visual Studio
5 12 (2.86%) GitLab
5 12 (2.86%) Selenium
6 10 (2.39%) Bitbucket
6 10 (2.39%) Subversion
7 8 (1.91%) Cypress.io
7 8 (1.91%) Eclipse
8 7 (1.67%) Ant
8 7 (1.67%) Cucumber
8 7 (1.67%) Postman
9 6 (1.43%) Gradle
9 6 (1.43%) Sonatype Nexus
9 6 (1.43%) webpack
10 5 (1.19%) CircleCI
10 5 (1.19%) SoapUI
10 5 (1.19%) SonarQube
General
1 60 (14.32%) Finance
2 46 (10.98%) Public Sector
3 23 (5.49%) Front Office
4 14 (3.34%) Law
4 14 (3.34%) Telecoms
5 13 (3.10%) Manufacturing
6 12 (2.86%) Electronics
7 9 (2.15%) Marketing
8 7 (1.67%) Banking
9 5 (1.19%) Advertising
10 4 (0.95%) Back Office
10 4 (0.95%) Retail
11 3 (0.72%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.48%) German Language
12 2 (0.48%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.48%) Legal
12 2 (0.48%) Military
13 1 (0.24%) Billing
13 1 (0.24%) Games
13 1 (0.24%) Police
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 100 (23.87%) .NET
2 70 (16.71%) React
3 59 (14.08%) Node.js
4 56 (13.37%) HTML
5 45 (10.74%) CSS
6 41 (9.79%) Spring
7 40 (9.55%) Web Services
8 39 (9.31%) REST
9 37 (8.83%) AngularJS
10 35 (8.35%) Spring Boot
11 32 (7.64%) ASP.NET
12 31 (7.40%) RESTful
13 29 (6.92%) .NET Core
14 24 (5.73%) .NET Framework
15 18 (4.30%) HTML5
16 16 (3.82%) Protocol Buffers
17 14 (3.34%) ASP.NET Web API
17 14 (3.34%) gRPC
17 14 (3.34%) XML
18 13 (3.10%) Spring Security
Miscellaneous
1 29 (6.92%) User Experience
2 17 (4.06%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (3.82%) Equities
4 15 (3.58%) Fixed Income
5 14 (3.34%) Cloud Native
5 14 (3.34%) Derivative
6 9 (2.15%) Public Cloud
7 8 (1.91%) Video\Live Streaming
8 7 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
9 6 (1.43%) Greenfield Project
9 6 (1.43%) Mainframe
10 4 (0.95%) Embedded Systems
11 3 (0.72%) Mobile App
11 3 (0.72%) Smart Meter
12 2 (0.48%) Device Driver
12 2 (0.48%) Enterprise Software
12 2 (0.48%) EPoS
12 2 (0.48%) N-Tier
12 2 (0.48%) W3C
13 1 (0.24%) Digital TV
Operating Systems
1 49 (11.69%) Linux
2 22 (5.25%) Windows
3 18 (4.30%) Unix
4 7 (1.67%) Android
5 6 (1.43%) Windows 10
6 4 (0.95%) Embedded Linux
7 3 (0.72%) Mac OS X
7 3 (0.72%) OpenWrt
8 2 (0.48%) Apple iOS
8 2 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.24%) CentOS
9 1 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
9 1 (0.24%) Solaris
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 174 (41.53%) Agile Software Development
2 136 (32.46%) Software Engineering
3 71 (16.95%) TDD
4 64 (15.27%) Microservices
5 63 (15.04%) DevOps
6 62 (14.80%) Scrum
7 56 (13.37%) Test Automation
8 40 (9.55%) Software Testing
9 35 (8.35%) MVC
10 31 (7.40%) Problem-Solving
11 27 (6.44%) Continuous Integration
11 27 (6.44%) Unit Testing
12 24 (5.73%) BDD
13 23 (5.49%) Analytics
14 22 (5.25%) OO
15 19 (4.53%) SDET
16 18 (4.30%) Computer Science
17 17 (4.06%) Front End Development
17 17 (4.06%) OOP
18 16 (3.82%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 166 (39.62%) JavaScript
2 146 (34.84%) Java
3 136 (32.46%) C#
4 103 (24.58%) Python
5 83 (19.81%) SQL
6 58 (13.84%) C++
7 39 (9.31%) TypeScript
8 31 (7.40%) Scala
9 26 (6.21%) Go
10 25 (5.97%) Kotlin
11 21 (5.01%) Java 8
12 16 (3.82%) C
13 14 (3.34%) Bash Shell
13 14 (3.34%) ES6
13 14 (3.34%) PHP
13 14 (3.34%) PL/SQL
13 14 (3.34%) Ruby
13 14 (3.34%) Shell Script
14 13 (3.10%) T-SQL
15 7 (1.67%) VB
Qualifications
1 63 (15.04%) Security Cleared
2 49 (11.69%) SC Cleared
3 28 (6.68%) Degree
4 11 (2.63%) DV Cleared
5 6 (1.43%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.19%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (1.19%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.48%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.48%) PhD
8 1 (0.24%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.24%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.24%) RHCE
8 1 (0.24%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (5.25%) QA
2 4 (0.95%) GDPR
2 4 (0.95%) JTAG
3 2 (0.48%) Dublin Core
3 2 (0.48%) WCAG
4 1 (0.24%) Government Security Classifications
4 1 (0.24%) HL7
4 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 87 (20.76%) Docker
2 5 (1.19%) Time Sharing Option
3 4 (0.95%) HDFS
4 3 (0.72%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.48%) Firmware
6 1 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 75 (17.90%) Kubernetes
2 32 (7.64%) Terraform
3 8 (1.91%) Opscode Chef
3 8 (1.91%) Puppet
4 7 (1.67%) Ansible
5 6 (1.43%) Grafana
6 2 (0.48%) Kibana
6 2 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.24%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
7 1 (0.24%) Control-M
7 1 (0.24%) Istio
Vendors
1 37 (8.83%) Oracle
2 26 (6.21%) Microsoft
3 14 (3.34%) Bloomberg
4 11 (2.63%) SAP
5 9 (2.15%) Google
6 6 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
7 4 (0.95%) CA
7 4 (0.95%) Pega
8 3 (0.72%) Capita
8 3 (0.72%) Informatica
8 3 (0.72%) Talend
9 2 (0.48%) Adobe
9 2 (0.48%) CA Agile Central
9 2 (0.48%) Cloudera
9 2 (0.48%) Confluent
9 2 (0.48%) DocuSign
9 2 (0.48%) Micro Focus
9 2 (0.48%) MuleSoft
9 2 (0.48%) VMware
9 2 (0.48%) webMethods