Period
to 14 October 2019

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 275 276 327
Rank change year-on-year +1 +51 +8
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 803 969 776
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.94% 0.95% 0.79%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.00% 1.00% 0.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 510 650 502
UK median daily rate £450 £435 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +11.48%
10th Percentile £325 £319 £313
90th Percentile £575 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +10.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 36 52
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £44.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.49% +11.25% -
10th Percentile £35.40 £30.88 £30.00
90th Percentile £52.75 £54.88 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £44.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -2.27% +10.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 80,419 96,842 93,431
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.15% 94.75% 94.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,755 63,604 61,244
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £263 £269 £263
90th Percentile £648 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,841 3,130 2,806
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.99 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.20% -5.34% +2.70%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £17.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +5.71% -2.78% +0.70%

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +19 752 £450 - 1,019
UK excluding London -6 532 £425 +6.25% 911
London +22 257 £475 -5.00% 210
South East +36 180 £434 +2.06% 203
South West +20 118 £450 - 136
North of England +6 110 £400 +6.67% 210
North West -1 60 £375 +3.45% 116
East of England +39 44 £450 +12.50% 110
Midlands -6 42 £400 +14.29% 150
Yorkshire +15 38 £400 - 80
West Midlands -7 27 £400 +14.29% 87
Scotland -8 27 £425 +6.25% 57
East Midlands +18 14 £375 -6.25% 63
North East +14 12 £444 +8.90% 14
Wales +1 10 £463 +2.78% 26
Isle of Man +3 1 - -

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 408 (50.81%) C#
2 382 (47.57%) Agile Software Development
3 342 (42.59%) .NET
4 329 (40.97%) JavaScript
5 220 (27.40%) Java
6 192 (23.91%) SQL
7 164 (20.42%) HTML
7 164 (20.42%) SQL Server
8 161 (20.05%) Test Automation
9 160 (19.93%) CSS
10 154 (19.18%) Software Engineering
11 147 (18.31%) TDD
11 147 (18.31%) Azure
12 145 (18.06%) AngularJS
13 144 (17.93%) Python
14 138 (17.19%) Scrum
15 124 (15.44%) React
16 116 (14.45%) Git (software)
17 115 (14.32%) Finance
17 115 (14.32%) DevOps
18 113 (14.07%) Node.js
19 109 (13.57%) MVC
19 109 (13.57%) AWS
20 108 (13.45%) Security Cleared
21 105 (13.08%) ASP.NET
22 104 (12.95%) Microsoft
23 101 (12.58%) Microservices
24 97 (12.08%) Linux
25 96 (11.96%) C++
26 88 (10.96%) Jenkins

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (2.62%) Confluence
2 16 (1.99%) Elasticsearch
3 10 (1.25%) Umbraco
4 8 (1.00%) CMS
5 6 (0.75%) SharePoint
5 6 (0.75%) Tomcat
6 4 (0.50%) IIS
6 4 (0.50%) JBoss
6 4 (0.50%) nginx
7 3 (0.37%) Apache
7 3 (0.37%) ArcGIS
7 3 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
7 3 (0.37%) Drupal
7 3 (0.37%) K2 blackpearl
7 3 (0.37%) SharePoint 2010
8 2 (0.25%) Apache Spark
8 2 (0.25%) IBM HTTP Server
8 2 (0.25%) Mule
8 2 (0.25%) SharePoint Server
9 1 (0.12%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 6 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.12%) Inkscape
2 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (1.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.00%) BusinessWorks
3 3 (0.37%) Magento
4 2 (0.25%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 147 (18.31%) Azure
2 109 (13.57%) AWS
3 43 (5.35%) Serverless
4 30 (3.74%) Amazon S3
5 28 (3.49%) AWS Lambda
6 13 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
6 13 (1.62%) AWS CloudFormation
6 13 (1.62%) GCP
7 12 (1.49%) Amazon SQS
7 12 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
7 12 (1.49%) GitHub
7 12 (1.49%) npm
7 12 (1.49%) Trello
8 11 (1.37%) SaaS
9 10 (1.25%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 8 (1.00%) Azure Functions
11 6 (0.75%) PaaS
12 5 (0.62%) BrowserStack
12 5 (0.62%) Dynamics 365
12 5 (0.62%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 14 (1.74%) Ethernet
2 12 (1.49%) HTTP
3 10 (1.25%) Internet
4 9 (1.12%) TCP/IP
5 4 (0.50%) FTP
5 4 (0.50%) Software-Defined Radio
6 3 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (0.25%) DHCP
7 2 (0.25%) IPv4
7 2 (0.25%) IPv6
7 2 (0.25%) Multicast
7 2 (0.25%) PPP
7 2 (0.25%) SNMP
7 2 (0.25%) SSL
7 2 (0.25%) UPnP
7 2 (0.25%) VoIP
7 2 (0.25%) xDSL
8 1 (0.12%) DNS
8 1 (0.12%) Firewall
8 1 (0.12%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 164 (20.42%) SQL Server
2 35 (4.36%) NoSQL
3 29 (3.61%) Relational Database
4 27 (3.36%) Big Data
5 26 (3.24%) MongoDB
6 23 (2.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 21 (2.62%) MySQL
8 16 (1.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 13 (1.62%) Amazon RDS
9 13 (1.62%) Redis
10 11 (1.37%) PostgreSQL
11 10 (1.25%) Hadoop
12 8 (1.00%) Amazon Athena
12 8 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
12 8 (1.00%) Oracle Database
13 7 (0.87%) Cosmos DB
13 7 (0.87%) DB2
13 7 (0.87%) Neo4j
13 7 (0.87%) SQL Server 2000
13 7 (0.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 116 (14.45%) Git (software)
2 88 (10.96%) Jenkins
3 56 (6.97%) Selenium
4 54 (6.72%) Visual Studio
5 44 (5.48%) Cucumber
6 43 (5.35%) JIRA
7 41 (5.11%) Team Foundation Server
8 33 (4.11%) NUnit
9 25 (3.11%) JUnit
9 25 (3.11%) MSTest
10 24 (2.99%) Moq
11 22 (2.74%) TeamCity
12 19 (2.37%) Maven
12 19 (2.37%) Protractor
13 18 (2.24%) JMeter
14 15 (1.87%) Subversion
15 14 (1.74%) Bitbucket
15 14 (1.74%) SpecFlow
16 13 (1.62%) Jasmine
16 13 (1.62%) Visual Studio Coded UI
General
1 115 (14.32%) Finance
2 44 (5.48%) Public Sector
3 27 (3.36%) Banking
4 24 (2.99%) Law
4 24 (2.99%) Retail
5 15 (1.87%) Front Office
6 14 (1.74%) Financial Institution
7 11 (1.37%) Marketing
8 8 (1.00%) Games
8 8 (1.00%) Police
8 8 (1.00%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.62%) Aerospace
9 5 (0.62%) Electronics
9 5 (0.62%) Manufacturing
10 4 (0.50%) Legal
11 3 (0.37%) Military
12 2 (0.25%) Automotive
12 2 (0.25%) Avionics
12 2 (0.25%) Back Office
12 2 (0.25%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 342 (42.59%) .NET
2 164 (20.42%) HTML
3 160 (19.93%) CSS
4 145 (18.06%) AngularJS
5 124 (15.44%) React
6 113 (14.07%) Node.js
7 105 (13.08%) ASP.NET
8 80 (9.96%) Web Services
9 75 (9.34%) RESTful
10 74 (9.22%) .NET Core
11 73 (9.09%) .NET Framework
12 58 (7.22%) XML
13 55 (6.85%) jQuery
14 54 (6.72%) REST
15 46 (5.73%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 45 (5.60%) ASP.NET Web API
16 45 (5.60%) JSON
17 44 (5.48%) WPF
18 39 (4.86%) Spring
19 38 (4.73%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 44 (5.48%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (4.48%) Greenfield Project
3 24 (2.99%) User Experience
4 20 (2.49%) Self-Motivation
5 17 (2.12%) Data Structures
6 16 (1.99%) Derivative
7 15 (1.87%) Fixed Income
8 13 (1.62%) Algorithms
9 12 (1.49%) Mobile App
10 11 (1.37%) Embedded Systems
11 10 (1.25%) EPoS
12 9 (1.12%) Reference Data
13 8 (1.00%) Enterprise Software
13 8 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 8 (1.00%) W3C
14 7 (0.87%) Robotics
15 6 (0.75%) Equities
16 5 (0.62%) Grid Computing
16 5 (0.62%) Mainframe
16 5 (0.62%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 97 (12.08%) Linux
2 50 (6.23%) Windows
3 38 (4.73%) Unix
4 8 (1.00%) Ubuntu
5 7 (0.87%) Android
6 5 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.50%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.50%) CentOS
7 4 (0.50%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.37%) Debian
8 3 (0.37%) VMS
9 2 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
9 2 (0.25%) FreeRTOS
9 2 (0.25%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.25%) OpenVMS
10 1 (0.12%) HPUX
10 1 (0.12%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 382 (47.57%) Agile Software Development
2 161 (20.05%) Test Automation
3 154 (19.18%) Software Engineering
4 147 (18.31%) TDD
5 138 (17.19%) Scrum
6 115 (14.32%) DevOps
7 109 (13.57%) MVC
8 101 (12.58%) Microservices
9 85 (10.59%) BDD
10 83 (10.34%) SDET
11 79 (9.84%) Continuous Integration
12 70 (8.72%) OO
13 69 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
14 46 (5.73%) Computer Science
14 46 (5.73%) Unit Testing
14 46 (5.73%) Web Development
15 44 (5.48%) SDLC
16 41 (5.11%) Front End Development
17 40 (4.98%) E-Commerce
18 39 (4.86%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 408 (50.81%) C#
2 329 (40.97%) JavaScript
3 220 (27.40%) Java
4 192 (23.91%) SQL
5 144 (17.93%) Python
6 96 (11.96%) C++
7 61 (7.60%) TypeScript
8 60 (7.47%) C
9 42 (5.23%) T-SQL
10 39 (4.86%) PHP
11 35 (4.36%) VB.NET
12 30 (3.74%) Ruby
13 22 (2.74%) ES6
13 22 (2.74%) Java 8
14 20 (2.49%) PowerShell
14 20 (2.49%) VB
15 17 (2.12%) PL/SQL
16 13 (1.62%) Go
16 13 (1.62%) Shell Script
17 11 (1.37%) R
Qualifications
1 108 (13.45%) Security Cleared
2 78 (9.71%) Degree
3 65 (8.09%) SC Cleared
4 32 (3.99%) DV Cleared
5 22 (2.74%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
7 7 (0.87%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.75%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.62%) ISEB
9 5 (0.62%) ISTQB
10 3 (0.37%) PhD
11 2 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.12%) CCNA
12 1 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (4.48%) QA
2 16 (1.99%) WCAG
3 12 (1.49%) GDPR
4 5 (0.62%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.50%) MISRA
5 4 (0.50%) MISRA C
6 2 (0.25%) JTAG
7 1 (0.12%) PMO
7 1 (0.12%) PSD2
System Software
1 86 (10.71%) Docker
2 5 (0.62%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.25%) Firmware
3 2 (0.25%) LXC
4 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 24 (2.99%) Kubernetes
2 19 (2.37%) Ansible
3 10 (1.25%) Control-M
4 7 (0.87%) Kibana
5 6 (0.75%) Terraform
6 4 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
7 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Intune
7 2 (0.25%) MIIS
7 2 (0.25%) SCCM
7 2 (0.25%) WSUS
8 1 (0.12%) Grafana
8 1 (0.12%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.12%) Mesos
8 1 (0.12%) Nessus
8 1 (0.12%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.12%) Puppet
8 1 (0.12%) Rancher
8 1 (0.12%) SCOM
8 1 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 104 (12.95%) Microsoft
2 44 (5.48%) Oracle
3 12 (1.49%) Atlassian
3 12 (1.49%) Cadence
3 12 (1.49%) Cypress Semiconductor
3 12 (1.49%) Google
4 11 (1.37%) SAP
5 10 (1.25%) BMC
5 10 (1.25%) Telerik
6 9 (1.12%) Xamarin
7 8 (1.00%) TIBCO
8 7 (0.87%) Blue Prism
8 7 (0.87%) Databricks
8 7 (0.87%) Pega
8 7 (0.87%) UiPath
9 6 (0.75%) IBM
9 6 (0.75%) StreamSets
10 5 (0.62%) HP
11 4 (0.50%) Informatica
11 4 (0.50%) Sybase