Period
to 21 January 2019

The median contractor rate for a Software Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Developer
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 265 328 309
Rank change year-on-year +63 -19 +21
Contract jobs requiring a Software Developer 964 775 782
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.98% 0.78% 0.81%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.03% 0.83% 0.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 624 516 502
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +14.29%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £263
90th Percentile £575 £575 £543
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £360
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 36 42
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.15 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.36% -0.84% +3.75%
10th Percentile £32.84 £25.62 £29.28
90th Percentile £58.75 £48.75 £54.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.15 £40.00
% change year-on-year +9.36% +2.88% +1.91%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 93,557 93,702 91,089
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.67% 94.89% 94.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 61,855 62,239 59,469
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £269 £260 £253
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,858 2,759 3,218
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.50 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.08% +2.78% -5.26%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Software Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Developer over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Developer in the UK

Software Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +43 865 £450 +5.88% 1,210
UK excluding London +40 644 £400 - 1,054
London +24 294 £500 +3.90% 279
South East +43 186 £430 +7.50% 242
North of England 0 134 £375 -3.85% 247
South West +20 120 £450 +16.13% 150
Midlands +17 84 £375 -0.66% 172
North West -16 64 £363 -14.71% 121
West Midlands +3 55 £360 +2.86% 98
Yorkshire +17 54 £375 -4.46% 97
East of England -3 41 £400 +3.23% 120
Scotland -2 38 £375 +3.45% 66
Wales +3 36 £450 +6.82% 35
East Midlands +5 29 £450 +12.50% 74
North East +1 16 £415 -2.35% 29
Northern Ireland +27 5 £350 - 22
Isle of Man - 1 £350 -

Software Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, Software Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Software Developer in the job title.

1 467 (48.44%) Agile Software Development
2 409 (42.43%) C#
3 391 (40.56%) .NET
4 333 (34.54%) JavaScript
5 308 (31.95%) SQL
6 300 (31.12%) Java
7 207 (21.47%) Software Engineering
8 204 (21.16%) SQL Server
9 202 (20.95%) HTML
10 193 (20.02%) Python
11 183 (18.98%) TDD
12 175 (18.15%) Test Automation
13 174 (18.05%) Microsoft Azure
14 169 (17.53%) AngularJS
15 157 (16.29%) MVC
16 151 (15.66%) CSS
17 139 (14.42%) ASP.NET
18 136 (14.11%) Scrum
19 132 (13.69%) Microsoft
20 128 (13.28%) Amazon AWS
20 128 (13.28%) Microservices
21 121 (12.55%) Web Services
22 120 (12.45%) OO
22 120 (12.45%) React
23 115 (11.93%) BDD
24 114 (11.83%) Linux
25 113 (11.72%) Finance
26 112 (11.62%) Git (software)
27 106 (11.00%) Security Cleared
28 105 (10.89%) JIRA

Software Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (3.84%) Confluence
2 24 (2.49%) Apache Spark
3 20 (2.07%) CMS
4 16 (1.66%) Apache
4 16 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
4 16 (1.66%) Skype for Business
5 14 (1.45%) IIS
5 14 (1.45%) WebLogic
6 12 (1.24%) NServiceBus
7 8 (0.83%) Apache Solr
7 8 (0.83%) SharePoint
7 8 (0.83%) Sitecore CMS
8 7 (0.73%) Umbraco
9 5 (0.52%) EPiServer
9 5 (0.52%) Gunicorn
9 5 (0.52%) JBoss
10 4 (0.41%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.41%) WordPress
11 3 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (0.31%) Mule
Applications
1 13 (1.35%) Chatbot
1 13 (1.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.21%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 18 (1.87%) Oracle BPM
2 5 (0.52%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.21%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.10%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.10%) Magento
4 1 (0.10%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.10%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 174 (18.05%) Microsoft Azure
2 128 (13.28%) Amazon AWS
3 36 (3.73%) GitHub
4 27 (2.80%) PaaS
5 19 (1.97%) Serverless
6 18 (1.87%) Google Cloud Platform
6 18 (1.87%) IaaS
7 17 (1.76%) Apigee
8 11 (1.14%) AWS CloudFormation
9 10 (1.04%) Slack
10 9 (0.93%) Amazon SQS
10 9 (0.93%) SaaS
11 8 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
12 7 (0.73%) Amazon EC2
12 7 (0.73%) Amazon S3
13 5 (0.52%) Azure Functions
13 5 (0.52%) BrowserStack
13 5 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
13 5 (0.52%) OpenShift
14 4 (0.41%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.32%) TCP/IP
2 26 (2.70%) Internet
3 18 (1.87%) Firewall
3 18 (1.87%) SSL
4 17 (1.76%) Skype
5 16 (1.66%) HTTP
5 16 (1.66%) SSH
6 10 (1.04%) SNMP
7 9 (0.93%) DHCP
7 9 (0.93%) VoIP
8 8 (0.83%) DNS
8 8 (0.83%) Wireshark
9 6 (0.62%) RFID
9 6 (0.62%) Wireless
10 5 (0.52%) L2TP
10 5 (0.52%) MPLS
10 5 (0.52%) Network Security
11 4 (0.41%) IGMP
11 4 (0.41%) RTCP
11 4 (0.41%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 204 (21.16%) SQL Server
2 66 (6.85%) NoSQL
3 51 (5.29%) MySQL
4 46 (4.77%) Hadoop
5 44 (4.56%) MongoDB
6 38 (3.94%) Relational Database
7 35 (3.63%) Big Data
8 33 (3.42%) PostgreSQL
9 23 (2.39%) Oracle Database
10 19 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
11 17 (1.76%) Apache Hive
12 16 (1.66%) SQL Server 2000
13 15 (1.56%) Flink
13 15 (1.56%) Oracle Database 12c
14 11 (1.14%) RDBMS
14 11 (1.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 7 (0.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 6 (0.62%) Amazon RDS
16 6 (0.62%) Azure SQL Database
16 6 (0.62%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 112 (11.62%) Git (software)
2 105 (10.89%) JIRA
3 94 (9.75%) Selenium
4 84 (8.71%) Jenkins
5 71 (7.37%) Visual Studio
6 46 (4.77%) Cucumber
7 42 (4.36%) Team Foundation Server
8 30 (3.11%) Maven
9 28 (2.90%) TeamCity
10 26 (2.70%) JUnit
11 22 (2.28%) AccuRev
11 22 (2.28%) SpecFlow
11 22 (2.28%) WebDriver
12 21 (2.18%) NUnit
13 19 (1.97%) Octopus Deploy
14 18 (1.87%) Subversion
15 15 (1.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 15 (1.56%) Gatling
16 13 (1.35%) JMeter
16 13 (1.35%) SoapUI
General
1 113 (11.72%) Finance
2 29 (3.01%) Banking
3 26 (2.70%) Telecoms
4 25 (2.59%) Marketing
5 18 (1.87%) Front Office
6 16 (1.66%) Legal
6 16 (1.66%) Manufacturing
7 14 (1.45%) Games
8 13 (1.35%) Electronics
8 13 (1.35%) Law
9 10 (1.04%) Retail
10 9 (0.93%) Back Office
11 6 (0.62%) Advertising
11 6 (0.62%) Avionics
11 6 (0.62%) French Language
12 5 (0.52%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.52%) German Language
13 4 (0.41%) Aerospace
13 4 (0.41%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.31%) Automotive
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 391 (40.56%) .NET
2 202 (20.95%) HTML
3 169 (17.53%) AngularJS
4 151 (15.66%) CSS
5 139 (14.42%) ASP.NET
6 121 (12.55%) Web Services
7 120 (12.45%) React
8 101 (10.48%) .NET Framework
9 100 (10.37%) Node.js
10 95 (9.85%) jQuery
11 85 (8.82%) RESTful
12 80 (8.30%) REST
13 77 (7.99%) SOAP
14 69 (7.16%) XML
15 63 (6.54%) HTML5
16 62 (6.43%) ASP.NET Web API
17 61 (6.33%) ASP.NET MVC
17 61 (6.33%) Spring
18 55 (5.71%) WPF
19 54 (5.60%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 53 (5.50%) Analytical Skills
2 46 (4.77%) Greenfield Project
3 28 (2.90%) Algorithms
3 28 (2.90%) Fintech
4 25 (2.59%) Mobile App
5 22 (2.28%) User Experience
6 21 (2.18%) Data Structures
7 16 (1.66%) Hedge funds
8 14 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
9 11 (1.14%) NHS
10 7 (0.73%) Derivative
10 7 (0.73%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (0.52%) Client/Server
11 5 (0.52%) Embedded Systems
11 5 (0.52%) Social Media
11 5 (0.52%) Virtual Team
12 4 (0.41%) EPoS
12 4 (0.41%) Grid Computing
12 4 (0.41%) Linux Command Line
12 4 (0.41%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 114 (11.83%) Linux
2 100 (10.37%) Windows
3 25 (2.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 17 (1.76%) Unix
5 14 (1.45%) Android
6 13 (1.35%) CentOS
7 12 (1.24%) Apple iOS
8 6 (0.62%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.21%) FreeRTOS
9 2 (0.21%) VxWorks
9 2 (0.21%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.10%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.10%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.10%) Nucleus RTOS
10 1 (0.10%) Solaris
10 1 (0.10%) ThreadX
10 1 (0.10%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 467 (48.44%) Agile Software Development
2 207 (21.47%) Software Engineering
3 183 (18.98%) TDD
4 175 (18.15%) Test Automation
5 157 (16.29%) MVC
6 136 (14.11%) Scrum
7 128 (13.28%) Microservices
8 120 (12.45%) OO
9 115 (11.93%) BDD
10 105 (10.89%) SDET
11 86 (8.92%) Continuous Integration
12 84 (8.71%) Computer Science
13 76 (7.88%) DevOps
14 70 (7.26%) SDLC
15 67 (6.95%) Unit Testing
16 60 (6.22%) E-Commerce
17 54 (5.60%) Mentoring
17 54 (5.60%) Web Development
18 53 (5.50%) Analytics
18 53 (5.50%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 409 (42.43%) C#
2 333 (34.54%) JavaScript
3 308 (31.95%) SQL
4 300 (31.12%) Java
5 193 (20.02%) Python
6 103 (10.68%) C++
7 45 (4.67%) VB.NET
8 40 (4.15%) PHP
9 39 (4.05%) C
10 37 (3.84%) T-SQL
10 37 (3.84%) TypeScript
11 31 (3.22%) Bash Shell
11 31 (3.22%) Java 8
11 31 (3.22%) PowerShell
12 24 (2.49%) Ruby
13 23 (2.39%) Scala
14 22 (2.28%) R
15 13 (1.35%) Perl
16 12 (1.24%) PL/SQL
16 12 (1.24%) VB
Qualifications
1 106 (11.00%) Security Cleared
2 88 (9.13%) Degree
3 66 (6.85%) SC Cleared
4 26 (2.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (2.59%) DV Cleared
6 12 (1.24%) AWS Certification
7 11 (1.14%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.62%) ISTQB
9 5 (0.52%) ISEB
9 5 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.31%) Sun Certification
11 1 (0.10%) HNC
11 1 (0.10%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (5.39%) QA
2 9 (0.93%) GDPR
3 6 (0.62%) WCAG
4 3 (0.31%) 21 CFR Part 11
4 3 (0.31%) Solvency II
5 2 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.21%) DO-178B
5 2 (0.21%) ECSS
5 2 (0.21%) MIL-STD-1553
5 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.10%) ARP4754
6 1 (0.10%) JTAG
System Software
1 78 (8.09%) Docker
2 4 (0.41%) Active Directory
2 4 (0.41%) Hyper-V
2 4 (0.41%) KVM
2 4 (0.41%) VirtualBox
3 3 (0.31%) Firmware
3 3 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 28 (2.90%) Kubernetes
2 25 (2.59%) Terraform
3 18 (1.87%) Ansible
4 12 (1.24%) Puppet
5 6 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
7 4 (0.41%) Grafana
8 3 (0.31%) Graphite
8 3 (0.31%) HP ALM
8 3 (0.31%) HP Fortify
8 3 (0.31%) Kibana
8 3 (0.31%) nmon
8 3 (0.31%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 1 (0.10%) Cacti
9 1 (0.10%) HAProxy
9 1 (0.10%) Mesos
9 1 (0.10%) Rancher
9 1 (0.10%) Salt
9 1 (0.10%) TIBCO Hawk
Vendors
1 132 (13.69%) Microsoft
2 85 (8.82%) Oracle
3 16 (1.66%) Google
3 16 (1.66%) ServiceNow
4 14 (1.45%) SAP
5 12 (1.24%) Atlassian
6 10 (1.04%) Sitecore
6 10 (1.04%) Xamarin
6 10 (1.04%) Zend
7 9 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
8 6 (0.62%) HP
8 6 (0.62%) IBM
9 5 (0.52%) IFS
9 5 (0.52%) MuleSoft
9 5 (0.52%) Northgate
9 5 (0.52%) Oneserve
9 5 (0.52%) Splunk
10 4 (0.41%) Cisco
10 4 (0.41%) Red Hat
10 4 (0.41%) Tableau