Period
to 24 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 24 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
24 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 18 11 10
Rank change year-on-year -7 -1 0
Contract jobs citing HTML 7,649 8,752 9,082
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 7.92% 8.57% 9.73%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.91% 26.62% 30.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,496 6,325 6,299
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £313 £281 £272
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £375 £368
% change year-on-year +10.00% +2.04% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 77 83 96
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £30.66 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.31% -18.24% +36.36%
10th Percentile £17.70 £12.83 £15.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £48.75 £55.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.20 £40.00 £37.25
% change year-on-year +3.00% +7.38% +35.45%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,989 32,880 29,358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.13% 32.19% 31.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,596 23,266 20,295
UK median daily rate £485 £470 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.19% +9.30% +2.38%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £408 £400
% change year-on-year +6.13% +1.88% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 293 344 338
UK median hourly rate £41.40 £41.41 £40.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.03% +2.56% +4.21%
10th Percentile £17.60 £18.33 £15.06
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +3.23%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing HTML.

Contractor daily rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 24 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 24 March 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 24 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 7,015 £450 +5.88% 1,359
UK excluding London -10 3,934 £413 +10.00% 988
London +1 3,599 £500 +5.26% 430
South East -9 1,163 £425 +3.03% 239
North of England -6 996 £400 +6.67% 269
Midlands -10 571 £400 +14.29% 205
South West -8 453 £425 +17.24% 113
North West -8 442 £400 +6.67% 146
Yorkshire -6 418 £411 +9.67% 92
West Midlands -12 370 £425 +21.43% 109
Scotland +7 361 £400 +6.67% 35
East of England -15 205 £413 +9.27% 104
East Midlands -3 191 £375 +7.14% 95
Wales +12 157 £425 +13.33% 17
North East +14 134 £408 +1.88% 32
Northern Ireland +17 35 £360 -15.41% 7
Isle of Man +1 2 - -

For the 6 months to 24 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 6,093 (79.66%) CSS
2 5,779 (75.55%) JavaScript
3 3,728 (48.74%) Agile Software Development
4 3,003 (39.26%) HTML5
5 2,591 (33.87%) AngularJS
6 1,857 (24.28%) Java
7 1,855 (24.25%) .NET
8 1,835 (23.99%) Git (software)
9 1,800 (23.53%) Front End Development
10 1,767 (23.10%) React
11 1,704 (22.28%) C#
12 1,682 (21.99%) CSS3
13 1,619 (21.17%) TDD
14 1,534 (20.05%) jQuery
15 1,523 (19.91%) Node.js
16 1,423 (18.60%) SQL
17 1,316 (17.20%) MVC
18 1,138 (14.88%) Finance
19 1,121 (14.66%) Web Development
20 1,104 (14.43%) User Experience
21 1,083 (14.16%) Scrum
22 1,063 (13.90%) REST
23 1,041 (13.61%) ASP.NET
24 1,024 (13.39%) SQL Server
25 977 (12.77%) Sass
26 932 (12.18%) Test Automation
27 929 (12.15%) Web Services
28 896 (11.71%) XML
29 813 (10.63%) BDD
30 799 (10.45%) Twitter Bootstrap

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 492 (6.43%) CMS
2 207 (2.71%) Confluence
3 192 (2.51%) SharePoint
4 169 (2.21%) Apache
5 157 (2.05%) WordPress
6 146 (1.91%) Drupal
7 138 (1.80%) Tomcat
8 126 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
9 118 (1.54%) WebLogic
10 116 (1.52%) JBoss
11 112 (1.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 95 (1.24%) WebSphere
13 88 (1.15%) Umbraco
14 75 (0.98%) IIS
15 54 (0.71%) nginx
15 54 (0.71%) Sitecore CMS
16 43 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
17 37 (0.48%) EPiServer
18 36 (0.47%) SharePoint 2013
19 35 (0.46%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 209 (2.73%) Photoshop
2 91 (1.19%) Adobe Illustrator
3 73 (0.95%) Microsoft Excel
4 72 (0.94%) InVision
5 61 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
6 37 (0.48%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 36 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 20 (0.26%) Chatbot
9 16 (0.21%) Fireworks
10 13 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
10 13 (0.17%) InDesign
10 13 (0.17%) MS Visio
11 11 (0.14%) Camtasia
11 11 (0.14%) XMetaL
12 8 (0.10%) InfoPath
12 8 (0.10%) OmniGraffle
12 8 (0.10%) UXPin
13 4 (0.052%) Acrobat
13 4 (0.052%) Microsoft Project
14 3 (0.039%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 133 (1.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 88 (1.15%) Magento
3 20 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
4 15 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
5 14 (0.18%) SAP ERP
6 13 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 12 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
8 11 (0.14%) Shopify
9 9 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
9 9 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 7 (0.092%) Oracle Applications
11 6 (0.078%) Oracle CRM
11 6 (0.078%) Oracle CRM On Demand
12 5 (0.065%) Actimize
12 5 (0.065%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 5 (0.065%) Dynamics AX
12 5 (0.065%) NetSuite
12 5 (0.065%) SDL Web 8
13 3 (0.039%) assyst
13 3 (0.039%) MIS ActiveH
Cloud Services
1 779 (10.18%) Microsoft Azure
2 633 (8.28%) Amazon AWS
3 317 (4.14%) GitHub
4 169 (2.21%) npm
5 139 (1.82%) PaaS
5 139 (1.82%) Serverless
6 126 (1.65%) SaaS
7 99 (1.29%) Google Analytics
8 86 (1.12%) Office 365
9 84 (1.10%) Google Cloud Platform
10 78 (1.02%) AWS Lambda
11 64 (0.84%) Dynamics 365
12 56 (0.73%) IaaS
13 53 (0.69%) Adobe Analytics
14 45 (0.59%) Heroku
15 41 (0.54%) OpenShift
16 37 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
17 33 (0.43%) Cloud Computing
18 32 (0.42%) AWS CloudFormation
19 31 (0.41%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 275 (3.60%) HTTP
2 168 (2.20%) Internet
3 88 (1.15%) SSL
4 71 (0.93%) TCP/IP
5 41 (0.54%) FTP
6 38 (0.50%) Intranet
7 35 (0.46%) DNS
8 28 (0.37%) Skype
9 20 (0.26%) SSH
10 19 (0.25%) Firewall
11 16 (0.21%) SMTP
12 15 (0.20%) LAN
13 12 (0.16%) HTTPS
14 10 (0.13%) VPN
15 9 (0.12%) SAN
15 9 (0.12%) SNMP
16 8 (0.10%) DHCP
16 8 (0.10%) Kerberos
16 8 (0.10%) NAS
17 7 (0.092%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,024 (13.39%) SQL Server
2 561 (7.33%) MySQL
3 436 (5.70%) MongoDB
4 418 (5.46%) Relational Database
5 384 (5.02%) NoSQL
6 252 (3.29%) PostgreSQL
7 137 (1.79%) RDBMS
8 107 (1.40%) Apache Cassandra
9 104 (1.36%) Redis
10 94 (1.23%) Big Data
11 68 (0.89%) Neo4j
12 65 (0.85%) Oracle Database
13 55 (0.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 54 (0.71%) Hadoop
15 47 (0.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 45 (0.59%) SQL Server 2014
17 43 (0.56%) DB2
18 39 (0.51%) SQL Server 2012
19 36 (0.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 35 (0.46%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1,835 (23.99%) Git (software)
2 664 (8.68%) Jenkins
3 505 (6.60%) JIRA
4 408 (5.33%) Selenium
5 387 (5.06%) gulp
6 357 (4.67%) Visual Studio
7 307 (4.01%) Maven
8 304 (3.97%) Subversion
9 299 (3.91%) Grunt
10 286 (3.74%) webpack
11 265 (3.46%) Jasmine
12 257 (3.36%) Cucumber
13 237 (3.10%) JUnit
14 188 (2.46%) Karma Test Runner
14 188 (2.46%) Team Foundation Server
15 181 (2.37%) Mocha
16 161 (2.10%) Visual Studio Team System
17 127 (1.66%) Gradle
18 124 (1.62%) Protractor
19 107 (1.40%) GitLab
General
1 1,138 (14.88%) Finance
2 442 (5.78%) Banking
3 326 (4.26%) Marketing
4 212 (2.77%) Retail
5 175 (2.29%) Front Office
6 119 (1.56%) Telecoms
7 88 (1.15%) Publishing
8 81 (1.06%) Investment Banking
9 74 (0.97%) Games
10 73 (0.95%) Manufacturing
11 71 (0.93%) Legal
12 67 (0.88%) Advertising
13 52 (0.68%) Law
14 51 (0.67%) Electronics
15 37 (0.48%) Back Office
16 27 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
17 22 (0.29%) Financial Institution
18 21 (0.27%) Automotive
19 16 (0.21%) French Language
20 14 (0.18%) German Language
Job Titles
1 6,125 (80.08%) Developer
2 1,298 (16.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 886 (11.58%) JavaScript Developer
4 827 (10.81%) React Developer
5 805 (10.52%) .NET Developer
6 793 (10.37%) Full Stack Developer
7 748 (9.78%) Java Developer
8 620 (8.11%) Angular Developer
9 561 (7.33%) Senior Developer
10 492 (6.43%) C# Developer
11 385 (5.03%) Designer
12 368 (4.81%) HTML Developer
13 297 (3.88%) Web Developer
14 291 (3.80%) PHP Developer
14 291 (3.80%) UI Developer
15 279 (3.65%) C# .NET Developer
16 235 (3.07%) HTML CSS Developer
17 209 (2.73%) Software Developer
18 206 (2.69%) UX Designer
19 202 (2.64%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,093 (79.66%) CSS
2 3,003 (39.26%) HTML5
3 2,591 (33.87%) AngularJS
4 1,855 (24.25%) .NET
5 1,767 (23.10%) React
6 1,682 (21.99%) CSS3
7 1,534 (20.05%) jQuery
8 1,523 (19.91%) Node.js
9 1,063 (13.90%) REST
10 1,041 (13.61%) ASP.NET
11 977 (12.77%) Sass
12 929 (12.15%) Web Services
13 896 (11.71%) XML
14 799 (10.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 788 (10.30%) Spring
16 739 (9.66%) RESTful
17 702 (9.18%) JSON
18 590 (7.71%) Redux
19 560 (7.32%) SOAP
20 556 (7.27%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 1,104 (14.43%) User Experience
2 370 (4.84%) Greenfield Project
3 369 (4.82%) Analytical Skills
4 357 (4.67%) Mobile App
5 237 (3.10%) Fintech
6 124 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
7 107 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
8 99 (1.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 96 (1.26%) Data Structures
10 86 (1.12%) Algorithms
11 85 (1.11%) Hedge funds
12 80 (1.05%) Social Media
13 62 (0.81%) W3C
14 58 (0.76%) Virtual Team
15 53 (0.69%) Fixed Income
16 51 (0.67%) Equities
17 47 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
18 45 (0.59%) Graphic Design
19 36 (0.47%) Derivative
20 31 (0.41%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 645 (8.43%) Linux
2 356 (4.65%) Unix
3 294 (3.84%) Windows
4 188 (2.46%) Android
4 188 (2.46%) Apple iOS
5 88 (1.15%) Mac OS X
6 43 (0.56%) Ubuntu
7 34 (0.44%) CentOS
8 31 (0.41%) Windows Server
9 29 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 23 (0.30%) Mac OS
11 22 (0.29%) VMS
12 12 (0.16%) Debian
13 11 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
14 10 (0.13%) Solaris
15 9 (0.12%) Fedora
15 9 (0.12%) Windows 7
16 5 (0.065%) Windows Vista
17 4 (0.052%) Windows 10
17 4 (0.052%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,728 (48.74%) Agile Software Development
2 1,800 (23.53%) Front End Development
3 1,619 (21.17%) TDD
4 1,316 (17.20%) MVC
5 1,121 (14.66%) Web Development
6 1,083 (14.16%) Scrum
7 932 (12.18%) Test Automation
8 813 (10.63%) BDD
9 770 (10.07%) DevOps
10 712 (9.31%) Continuous Integration
11 686 (8.97%) Microservices
12 622 (8.13%) OO
13 550 (7.19%) Problem-Solving
14 532 (6.96%) Responsive Web Design
15 527 (6.89%) Software Engineering
16 479 (6.26%) E-Commerce
17 456 (5.96%) Unit Testing
18 421 (5.50%) Analytics
19 345 (4.51%) Open Source
20 317 (4.14%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 5,779 (75.55%) JavaScript
2 1,857 (24.28%) Java
3 1,704 (22.28%) C#
4 1,423 (18.60%) SQL
5 753 (9.84%) TypeScript
6 696 (9.10%) PHP
7 667 (8.72%) ES6
8 568 (7.43%) Python
9 283 (3.70%) Java 8
10 267 (3.49%) Ruby
11 198 (2.59%) Scala
12 155 (2.03%) T-SQL
13 123 (1.61%) PowerShell
14 119 (1.56%) PL/SQL
15 104 (1.36%) Bash Shell
16 94 (1.23%) Perl
17 82 (1.07%) Groovy
18 80 (1.05%) C++
18 80 (1.05%) Go
19 74 (0.97%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 409 (5.35%) Security Cleared
2 378 (4.94%) Degree
3 291 (3.80%) SC Cleared
4 91 (1.19%) BPSS Clearance
5 84 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
6 50 (0.65%) DBS Check
7 27 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
8 25 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
9 23 (0.30%) DV Cleared
9 23 (0.30%) ISTQB
9 23 (0.30%) Master's Degree
10 15 (0.20%) ISEB
11 14 (0.18%) MCSA
12 13 (0.17%) MCSE
13 11 (0.14%) PMI Certification
14 10 (0.13%) CISSP
14 10 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
14 10 (0.13%) PMP
15 9 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
16 7 (0.092%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 289 (3.78%) QA
2 80 (1.05%) WCAG
3 33 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
4 25 (0.33%) Data Quality
5 20 (0.26%) GDPR
6 19 (0.25%) SLA
7 16 (0.21%) PMO
7 16 (0.21%) WAI
8 5 (0.065%) GxP
9 4 (0.052%) ISO 15022
9 4 (0.052%) ISO 20022
9 4 (0.052%) ISO 9001
10 3 (0.039%) Section 508
11 2 (0.026%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 2 (0.026%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.026%) TickIT
12 1 (0.013%) GMP
12 1 (0.013%) HL7
12 1 (0.013%) MiFID
System Software
1 524 (6.85%) Docker
2 60 (0.78%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
4 14 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.10%) HDFS
6 6 (0.078%) Microsoft App-V
6 6 (0.078%) VirtualBox
6 6 (0.078%) Xen
7 4 (0.052%) XenApp
8 3 (0.039%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.039%) NFS
8 3 (0.039%) Shibboleth
8 3 (0.039%) SRDF
8 3 (0.039%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 2 (0.026%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.026%) KVM
9 2 (0.026%) OpenDJ
9 2 (0.026%) OpenIDM
9 2 (0.026%) Squid
10 1 (0.013%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
Systems Management
1 194 (2.54%) Kubernetes
2 136 (1.78%) Puppet
3 90 (1.18%) Ansible
4 74 (0.97%) Kibana
5 61 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
6 59 (0.77%) Grafana
7 34 (0.44%) Terraform
8 32 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
9 20 (0.26%) logstash
10 14 (0.18%) SCCM
11 13 (0.17%) HP ALM
11 13 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
12 10 (0.13%) Graphite
13 9 (0.12%) Matomo
13 9 (0.12%) Rancher
13 9 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
14 8 (0.10%) Hadoop YARN
15 7 (0.092%) cPanel
16 6 (0.078%) ZABBIX
17 5 (0.065%) Consul
Vendors
1 750 (9.81%) Microsoft
2 560 (7.32%) Oracle
3 331 (4.33%) Adobe
4 258 (3.37%) Google
5 162 (2.12%) ServiceNow
6 98 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
7 83 (1.09%) Sitecore
8 81 (1.06%) SAP
9 74 (0.97%) Splunk
10 68 (0.89%) IBM
11 67 (0.88%) hybris
12 62 (0.81%) Zend
13 57 (0.75%) Atlassian
14 41 (0.54%) Xamarin
15 35 (0.46%) Cypress Semiconductor
15 35 (0.46%) MuleSoft
16 33 (0.43%) webMethods
17 32 (0.42%) Twitter
18 30 (0.39%) Tableau
19 29 (0.38%) Telerik