Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 48 36 25
Rank change year-on-year -12 -11 -11
Contract jobs citing HTML 3,944 1,710 5,559
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.68% 5.48% 6.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.74% 17.58% 21.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,779 1,185 3,950
10th Percentile £325 £289 £313
25th Percentile £400 £350 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £495 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £588 £538 £538
90th Percentile £688 £600 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £405 £400
% change year-on-year +11.11% +1.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 14 55
10th Percentile £22.89 £27.17 £23.40
25th Percentile £30.50 £33.11 £31.49
Median hourly rate £44.87 £44.00 £46.50
Median % change year-on-year +1.98% -5.38% +32.86%
75th Percentile £57.50 £54.69 £53.38
90th Percentile £70.82 £62.70 £67.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £45.00 £44.50
% change year-on-year -11.11% +1.12% +27.14%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,063 9,727 26,247
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.77% 31.20% 31.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,009 6,889 18,458
10th Percentile £363 £313 £338
25th Percentile £425 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £440
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 73 249
10th Percentile £18.01 £21.90 £20.26
25th Percentile £29.78 £30.00 £32.95
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.25%
75th Percentile £63.25 £54.00 £53.00
90th Percentile £72.85 £61.87 £73.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £46.40 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.60% +3.11% +8.43%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Daily rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 3,147 £500 +11.11% 2,137
London -7 1,843 £525 +10.53% 709
UK excluding London -14 1,330 £450 +11.11% 1,553
Work from Home -16 1,112 £475 +11.76% 510
North of England -20 309 £419 +1.52% 467
South East -5 291 £450 +5.88% 344
Midlands -20 233 £430 +14.67% 304
Scotland +2 211 £450 +7.78% 88
North West -28 158 £400 - 277
South West -5 151 £431 +7.81% 171
Yorkshire +10 143 £495 +23.75% 135
West Midlands -36 129 £440 +7.65% 182
East Midlands +7 101 £416 +26.52% 121
East of England -1 85 £453 +9.70% 136
Wales -5 37 £375 -14.29% 35
Northern Ireland +1 14 £475 +17.87% 10
North East -38 8 £250 -49.49% 55

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 3,103 (78.68%) CSS
2 2,936 (74.44%) JavaScript
3 1,699 (43.08%) Agile Software Development
4 1,386 (35.14%) React
5 1,181 (29.94%) HTML5
6 1,117 (28.32%) AngularJS
7 888 (22.52%) Front End Development
8 864 (21.91%) Git (software)
9 848 (21.50%) TypeScript
10 823 (20.87%) Java
11 772 (19.57%) SQL
12 767 (19.45%) .NET
13 761 (19.30%) Social Skills
14 747 (18.94%) C#
15 677 (17.17%) Node.js
16 659 (16.71%) Full Stack Development
17 644 (16.33%) Azure
18 633 (16.05%) DevOps
18 633 (16.05%) User Experience
19 589 (14.93%) Finance
20 570 (14.45%) CSS3
21 540 (13.69%) REST
22 539 (13.67%) TDD
23 491 (12.45%) jQuery
24 486 (12.32%) SQL Server
25 474 (12.02%) AWS
26 471 (11.94%) Scrum
27 469 (11.89%) Web Development
27 469 (11.89%) Sass
28 466 (11.82%) Microservices

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 255 (6.47%) CMS
2 124 (3.14%) SharePoint
3 120 (3.04%) Confluence
4 84 (2.13%) Tomcat
5 78 (1.98%) WordPress
6 70 (1.77%) Apache
7 68 (1.72%) IIS
8 66 (1.67%) Elasticsearch
9 60 (1.52%) nginx
10 55 (1.39%) Drupal
11 47 (1.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 35 (0.89%) Umbraco
13 34 (0.86%) WebLogic
14 31 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 27 (0.68%) Headless CMS
16 26 (0.66%) WebSphere
17 21 (0.53%) JBoss
17 21 (0.53%) Moodle
18 19 (0.48%) Sitecore CMS
19 18 (0.46%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 82 (2.08%) Photoshop
2 76 (1.93%) Sketch
3 46 (1.17%) InVision
3 46 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
4 41 (1.04%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 41 (1.04%) Microsoft Excel
5 40 (1.01%) Figma
6 34 (0.86%) Adobe Illustrator
7 27 (0.68%) Adobe XD
8 26 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 13 (0.33%) MS Visio
10 12 (0.30%) Zeplin
11 10 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
12 9 (0.23%) InDesign
13 7 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
13 7 (0.18%) InfoPath
14 6 (0.15%) Adobe After Effects
14 6 (0.15%) Chatbot
15 5 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
16 4 (0.10%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 61 (1.55%) Magento
2 28 (0.71%) Shopify
3 26 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
4 16 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
5 12 (0.30%) Adobe Campaign
6 8 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
7 7 (0.18%) Temenos T24
8 6 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.15%) Social Studio
9 5 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
9 5 (0.13%) SAP MII
10 3 (0.076%) Distributed Ledger
10 3 (0.076%) Exchequer
10 3 (0.076%) Exstream
10 3 (0.076%) Oracle BPM
10 3 (0.076%) SAP CRM
11 2 (0.051%) Dynamics AX
11 2 (0.051%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.051%) Oracle Applications
11 2 (0.051%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 644 (16.33%) Azure
2 474 (12.02%) AWS
3 221 (5.60%) GitHub
4 156 (3.96%) npm
5 146 (3.70%) Serverless
6 112 (2.84%) SaaS
7 99 (2.51%) Power Platform
8 87 (2.21%) Google Analytics
9 84 (2.13%) AWS Lambda
9 84 (2.13%) GCP
10 77 (1.95%) AWS CloudFormation
11 72 (1.83%) Microsoft 365
12 60 (1.52%) Amazon S3
13 59 (1.50%) PaaS
13 59 (1.50%) Yarn
14 52 (1.32%) OpenShift
15 37 (0.94%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 37 (0.94%) Azure Service Bus
16 36 (0.91%) PowerApps
17 31 (0.79%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 110 (2.79%) HTTP
2 80 (2.03%) Internet
3 37 (0.94%) Intranet
4 29 (0.74%) DNS
5 24 (0.61%) TCP/IP
6 23 (0.58%) RTMP
7 22 (0.56%) SSL
8 18 (0.46%) AMQP
9 13 (0.33%) HTTPS
10 12 (0.30%) Firewall
10 12 (0.30%) SMS
11 10 (0.25%) FTP
12 9 (0.23%) SSH
13 7 (0.18%) Network Security
13 7 (0.18%) PuTTY
14 6 (0.15%) Extranet
14 6 (0.15%) SMTP
14 6 (0.15%) VPN
14 6 (0.15%) WAN
14 6 (0.15%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 486 (12.32%) SQL Server
2 212 (5.38%) Relational Database
3 197 (4.99%) MySQL
4 192 (4.87%) MongoDB
5 146 (3.70%) NoSQL
6 143 (3.63%) PostgreSQL
7 77 (1.95%) RDBMS
8 75 (1.90%) Power BI
9 60 (1.52%) Oracle Database
10 57 (1.45%) Redis
11 47 (1.19%) SQL Server 2016
12 41 (1.04%) Big Data
13 40 (1.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 37 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
15 33 (0.84%) Amazon Aurora
15 33 (0.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 30 (0.76%) Metadata
17 26 (0.66%) Azure SQL Database
18 23 (0.58%) Apache Cassandra
19 22 (0.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 864 (21.91%) Git (software)
2 385 (9.76%) Jenkins
3 331 (8.39%) JIRA
4 214 (5.43%) webpack
5 189 (4.79%) Maven
6 161 (4.08%) Jasmine
7 113 (2.87%) Bitbucket
8 112 (2.84%) Selenium
9 106 (2.69%) Cucumber
10 104 (2.64%) Cypress.io
11 103 (2.61%) TeamCity
12 96 (2.43%) Karma Test Runner
13 95 (2.41%) gulp
14 94 (2.38%) JUnit
15 89 (2.26%) Visual Studio
16 85 (2.16%) Subversion
17 82 (2.08%) Mocha
18 78 (1.98%) GitLab
19 77 (1.95%) Grunt
20 55 (1.39%) NUnit
General
1 761 (19.30%) Social Skills
2 589 (14.93%) Finance
3 298 (7.56%) Banking
4 293 (7.43%) Analytical Skills
5 290 (7.35%) Public Sector
6 241 (6.11%) Marketing
7 137 (3.47%) Investment Banking
8 98 (2.48%) Retail
9 84 (2.13%) Front Office
9 84 (2.13%) Presentation Skills
10 60 (1.52%) Manufacturing
10 60 (1.52%) Telecoms
11 53 (1.34%) Publishing
12 39 (0.99%) Documentation Skills
13 38 (0.96%) Electronics
13 38 (0.96%) Influencing Skills
14 36 (0.91%) Games
15 34 (0.86%) Advertising
15 34 (0.86%) Legal
16 31 (0.79%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 2,758 (69.93%) Developer
2 628 (15.92%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 431 (10.93%) React Developer
4 389 (9.86%) Full Stack Developer
4 389 (9.86%) Senior Developer
5 292 (7.40%) Designer
6 279 (7.07%) .NET Developer
7 268 (6.80%) JavaScript Developer
8 250 (6.34%) Angular Developer
9 226 (5.73%) Java Developer
10 174 (4.41%) HTML Developer
11 154 (3.90%) C# Developer
12 149 (3.78%) UI Developer
13 137 (3.47%) Architect
14 124 (3.14%) Python Developer
15 108 (2.74%) Software Developer
16 106 (2.69%) Web Developer
17 102 (2.59%) Lead Developer
18 93 (2.36%) Senior Front-End Developer
19 92 (2.33%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,103 (78.68%) CSS
2 1,386 (35.14%) React
3 1,181 (29.94%) HTML5
4 1,117 (28.32%) AngularJS
5 767 (19.45%) .NET
6 677 (17.17%) Node.js
7 570 (14.45%) CSS3
8 540 (13.69%) REST
9 491 (12.45%) jQuery
10 469 (11.89%) Sass
11 418 (10.60%) Web Services
12 406 (10.29%) RESTful
13 368 (9.33%) Redux
14 361 (9.15%) XML
15 325 (8.24%) Spring
16 317 (8.04%) JSON
17 297 (7.53%) Vue.js
18 291 (7.38%) ASP.NET
19 241 (6.11%) .NET Core
20 228 (5.78%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 633 (16.05%) User Experience
2 166 (4.21%) Mobile App
3 134 (3.40%) Greenfield Project
4 88 (2.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 83 (2.10%) Data Structures
6 81 (2.05%) Data Protection Act
7 73 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
8 71 (1.80%) Algorithms
8 71 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
9 47 (1.19%) W3C
10 42 (1.06%) Virtual Team
11 40 (1.01%) Cloud Native
12 36 (0.91%) Legacy Systems
13 34 (0.86%) Management Information System
14 33 (0.84%) NHS
14 33 (0.84%) Social Media
15 30 (0.76%) N-Tier
16 27 (0.68%) Fixed Income
17 25 (0.63%) Clustering
17 25 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 196 (4.97%) Linux
2 132 (3.35%) Windows
3 130 (3.30%) Unix
4 76 (1.93%) Apple iOS
5 74 (1.88%) Android
6 34 (0.86%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (0.25%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.20%) Windows 10
10 7 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
10 7 (0.18%) zOS
11 4 (0.10%) Solaris
12 3 (0.076%) CentOS
12 3 (0.076%) VMS
12 3 (0.076%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.076%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.051%) OS/400
13 2 (0.051%) Windows 2000
13 2 (0.051%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,699 (43.08%) Agile Software Development
2 888 (22.52%) Front End Development
3 659 (16.71%) Full Stack Development
4 633 (16.05%) DevOps
5 539 (13.67%) TDD
6 471 (11.94%) Scrum
7 469 (11.89%) Web Development
8 466 (11.82%) Microservices
9 452 (11.46%) Problem-Solving
10 401 (10.17%) Test Automation
11 385 (9.76%) MVC
12 366 (9.28%) Software Engineering
13 351 (8.90%) Continuous Integration
14 303 (7.68%) Unit Testing
15 292 (7.40%) Analytics
16 257 (6.52%) OO
17 237 (6.01%) SDLC
18 231 (5.86%) BDD
19 229 (5.81%) E-Commerce
19 229 (5.81%) Prototyping
Programming Languages
1 2,936 (74.44%) JavaScript
2 848 (21.50%) TypeScript
3 823 (20.87%) Java
4 772 (19.57%) SQL
5 747 (18.94%) C#
6 438 (11.11%) Python
7 292 (7.40%) PHP
8 267 (6.77%) ES6
9 116 (2.94%) PowerShell
10 100 (2.54%) Java 8
11 86 (2.18%) Ruby
12 76 (1.93%) Scala
13 70 (1.77%) T-SQL
14 66 (1.67%) C++
15 62 (1.57%) Apex Code
16 56 (1.42%) Kotlin
17 53 (1.34%) Bash Shell
18 46 (1.17%) PL/SQL
19 43 (1.09%) VB.NET
20 41 (1.04%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 319 (8.09%) Degree
2 243 (6.16%) Security Cleared
3 179 (4.54%) SC Cleared
4 74 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 50 (1.27%) BPSS Clearance
6 28 (0.71%) Master's Degree
7 17 (0.43%) DV Cleared
7 17 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
8 15 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
9 11 (0.28%) AWS Certification
10 9 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
11 8 (0.20%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.20%) Six Sigma Green Belt
12 5 (0.13%) DBS Check
12 5 (0.13%) MCSA
12 5 (0.13%) MCSE
13 4 (0.10%) ISEB
13 4 (0.10%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 4 (0.10%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 3 (0.076%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 448 (11.36%) Accessibility
2 146 (3.70%) QA
3 89 (2.26%) WCAG
4 30 (0.76%) GDPR
5 29 (0.74%) Data Quality
6 10 (0.25%) WAI
7 8 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
8 7 (0.18%) HL7
9 6 (0.15%) SLA
10 3 (0.076%) PMO
11 2 (0.051%) NCSC
12 1 (0.025%) DICOM
12 1 (0.025%) GxP
12 1 (0.025%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 1 (0.025%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1 (0.025%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.025%) Section 508
System Software
1 407 (10.32%) Docker
2 72 (1.83%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.15%) IAG
6 5 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
7 4 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
8 3 (0.076%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.076%) RACF
9 2 (0.051%) BitLocker
9 2 (0.051%) KVM
9 2 (0.051%) NFS
9 2 (0.051%) SRDF
9 2 (0.051%) Xen
10 1 (0.025%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.025%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 256 (6.49%) Kubernetes
2 89 (2.26%) Terraform
3 52 (1.32%) Ansible
4 49 (1.24%) Grafana
5 31 (0.79%) Puppet
6 28 (0.71%) Kibana
7 25 (0.63%) Single Sign-On
8 17 (0.43%) logstash
8 17 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
9 14 (0.35%) Prometheus
10 13 (0.33%) Rancher
11 10 (0.25%) Graphite
12 7 (0.18%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 7 (0.18%) Nagios
12 7 (0.18%) Netcool
13 6 (0.15%) PingFederate
14 5 (0.13%) HP ALM
14 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Clustering
15 4 (0.10%) Data Guard
15 4 (0.10%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 352 (8.92%) Microsoft
2 291 (7.38%) Oracle
3 218 (5.53%) Adobe
4 178 (4.51%) Salesforce.com
5 140 (3.55%) Google
6 68 (1.72%) SAP
7 65 (1.65%) ServiceNow
8 37 (0.94%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 33 (0.84%) Telerik
10 31 (0.79%) Sitecore
10 31 (0.79%) Splunk
11 28 (0.71%) Atlassian
12 26 (0.66%) Nintex
13 25 (0.63%) hybris
13 25 (0.63%) IBM
14 19 (0.48%) Marketo
15 17 (0.43%) AppDynamics
16 16 (0.41%) Xamarin
17 15 (0.38%) Apple
17 15 (0.38%) Xerox