Period
to 19 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 19 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 41 25 17
Rank change year-on-year -16 -8 -5
Contract jobs citing HTML 2,053 4,489 8,051
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.95% 6.26% 8.15%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.26% 20.85% 23.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,802 3,321 5,973
Median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £281 £300 £306
90th Percentile £600 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £401 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +0.31% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 43 66
Median hourly rate £45.00 £36.70 £35.61
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.62% +3.05% +1.75%
10th Percentile £25.10 £21.45 £13.50
90th Percentile £58.71 £53.60 £61.56
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.71 £39.25
% change year-on-year -1.55% +16.46% -1.88%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,628 21,529 33,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.45% 30.02% 34.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,874 15,111 24,068
Median daily rate £482 £495 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.58% +3.13% +3.84%
10th Percentile £313 £330 £325
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -4.49% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 149 200 267
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £41.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +7.54% +4.61%
10th Percentile £25.00 £17.11 £17.50
90th Percentile £63.35 £78.75 £60.00
Median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £41.92
% change year-on-year +2.22% +7.34% +4.81%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Daily rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 1,755 £450 - 1,718
London -23 965 £500 - 463
UK excluding London 0 861 £401 +0.31% 1,383
Work from Home -29 550 £450 +5.88% 397
North of England +2 242 £425 +6.25% 431
South East -7 177 £425 +6.25% 265
Midlands 0 158 £370 -7.50% 260
North West +5 128 £405 +1.25% 242
South West +2 106 £400 +3.23% 179
Scotland -10 100 £400 -5.88% 71
West Midlands 0 99 £370 -10.30% 147
Yorkshire -4 78 £424 +2.73% 145
East Midlands +1 57 £350 - 112
East of England -15 38 £484 +20.94% 111
North East +18 36 £468 +16.88% 44
Wales -10 26 £400 -11.11% 42
Northern Ireland +14 15 £431 +1.41% 23

For the 6 months to 19 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 1,679 (81.78%) CSS
2 1,495 (72.82%) JavaScript
3 831 (40.48%) Agile Software Development
4 713 (34.73%) HTML5
5 512 (24.94%) AngularJS
6 494 (24.06%) Front End Development
7 466 (22.70%) Java
8 459 (22.36%) Git (software)
9 427 (20.80%) React
10 403 (19.63%) .NET
11 388 (18.90%) SQL
12 382 (18.61%) CSS3
13 374 (18.22%) Node.js
14 367 (17.88%) User Experience
15 343 (16.71%) Azure
16 337 (16.42%) REST
17 328 (15.98%) C#
18 327 (15.93%) jQuery
19 325 (15.83%) Web Development
20 276 (13.44%) DevOps
21 274 (13.35%) TDD
22 253 (12.32%) Finance
23 251 (12.23%) Jenkins
24 234 (11.40%) Web Services
25 230 (11.20%) PHP
25 230 (11.20%) Docker
26 226 (11.01%) AWS
27 225 (10.96%) Security Cleared
28 218 (10.62%) Spring
29 216 (10.52%) TypeScript

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (5.36%) CMS
2 73 (3.56%) WordPress
3 68 (3.31%) Apache
4 63 (3.07%) SharePoint
5 61 (2.97%) Confluence
6 48 (2.34%) IIS
7 44 (2.14%) Elasticsearch
8 37 (1.80%) Drupal
9 35 (1.70%) WebLogic
10 29 (1.41%) WebSphere
11 28 (1.36%) Red Hat Fuse
12 27 (1.32%) JBoss
13 26 (1.27%) Tomcat
14 19 (0.93%) Umbraco
15 17 (0.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 15 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 15 (0.73%) Sitecore CMS
17 14 (0.68%) Appian
18 12 (0.58%) Jadu
18 12 (0.58%) Mendix
Applications
1 41 (2.00%) Photoshop
2 31 (1.51%) Sketch
3 29 (1.41%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 28 (1.36%) Microsoft Office
5 23 (1.12%) InVision
6 21 (1.02%) Adobe Illustrator
7 20 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
8 16 (0.78%) Adobe After Effects
8 16 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 13 (0.63%) Adobe Premiere
9 13 (0.63%) Adobe XD
10 11 (0.54%) Figma
10 11 (0.54%) MS Visio
11 10 (0.49%) Chatbot
11 10 (0.49%) CINEMA 4D
12 9 (0.44%) InfoPath
12 9 (0.44%) Zeplin
13 4 (0.19%) Acrobat
13 4 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
13 4 (0.19%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 45 (2.19%) Magento
2 28 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
3 22 (1.07%) Shopify
4 8 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
4 8 (0.39%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 8 (0.39%) Teamcenter
5 5 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
5 5 (0.24%) SAP SRM
6 4 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 4 (0.19%) SAP ERP
7 3 (0.15%) Aligne
7 3 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
7 3 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.097%) BusinessWorks
8 2 (0.097%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.097%) Eloqua
8 2 (0.097%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.049%) assyst
9 1 (0.049%) Exstream
9 1 (0.049%) OpenCart
Cloud Services
1 343 (16.71%) Azure
2 226 (11.01%) AWS
3 87 (4.24%) GitHub
4 44 (2.14%) GCP
5 43 (2.09%) Office 365
6 41 (2.00%) Power Platform
7 39 (1.90%) Serverless
8 37 (1.80%) PaaS
9 34 (1.66%) Google Analytics
9 34 (1.66%) SaaS
10 29 (1.41%) npm
11 27 (1.32%) PowerApps
12 24 (1.17%) Logic Apps
13 20 (0.97%) Amazon S3
14 19 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
14 19 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
14 19 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
14 19 (0.93%) Dynamics 365
15 16 (0.78%) Adobe Analytics
15 16 (0.78%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 76 (3.70%) HTTP
2 21 (1.02%) TCP/IP
3 17 (0.83%) Intranet
4 16 (0.78%) Internet
4 16 (0.78%) SSL
5 13 (0.63%) SSH
6 9 (0.44%) DNS
7 8 (0.39%) FTP
8 5 (0.24%) Remote Desktop
8 5 (0.24%) Skype
9 4 (0.19%) DSL
9 4 (0.19%) DVB
9 4 (0.19%) Firewall
10 3 (0.15%) Intrusion Detection
10 3 (0.15%) SMS
10 3 (0.15%) VPN
11 2 (0.097%) AMQP
11 2 (0.097%) BIG-IP
11 2 (0.097%) SNMP
11 2 (0.097%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 206 (10.03%) SQL Server
2 163 (7.94%) MySQL
3 113 (5.50%) Relational Database
4 98 (4.77%) MongoDB
5 73 (3.56%) PostgreSQL
6 67 (3.26%) NoSQL
7 35 (1.70%) Big Data
8 34 (1.66%) Oracle Database
9 28 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 27 (1.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 25 (1.22%) RDBMS
12 22 (1.07%) Cosmos DB
13 21 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
13 21 (1.02%) Power BI
14 17 (0.83%) Azure SQL Database
15 14 (0.68%) Redis
16 11 (0.54%) Amazon RDS
17 10 (0.49%) SQL Server 2008
17 10 (0.49%) SQL Server 2012
17 10 (0.49%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 459 (22.36%) Git (software)
2 251 (12.23%) Jenkins
3 149 (7.26%) JIRA
4 98 (4.77%) webpack
5 84 (4.09%) Maven
6 82 (3.99%) gulp
7 70 (3.41%) Jasmine
7 70 (3.41%) Selenium
8 66 (3.21%) Grunt
9 59 (2.87%) JUnit
10 57 (2.78%) Visual Studio
11 54 (2.63%) Subversion
12 49 (2.39%) SonarQube
13 48 (2.34%) GitLab
14 46 (2.24%) Gradle
14 46 (2.24%) Karma Test Runner
15 40 (1.95%) Eclipse
16 39 (1.90%) Cucumber
16 39 (1.90%) Mocha
17 37 (1.80%) Cypress.io
General
1 253 (12.32%) Finance
2 182 (8.87%) Public Sector
3 130 (6.33%) Marketing
4 123 (5.99%) Banking
5 45 (2.19%) Retail
6 40 (1.95%) Law
7 39 (1.90%) Investment Banking
8 28 (1.36%) Manufacturing
9 26 (1.27%) Front Office
10 25 (1.22%) Telecoms
11 24 (1.17%) Games
12 23 (1.12%) Advertising
13 16 (0.78%) Legal
13 16 (0.78%) Local Government
14 12 (0.58%) Electronics
15 11 (0.54%) Back Office
16 10 (0.49%) Financial Institution
17 9 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.44%) Publishing
18 7 (0.34%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,502 (73.16%) Developer
2 336 (16.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 218 (10.62%) Full Stack Developer
4 204 (9.94%) React Developer
5 158 (7.70%) Java Developer
6 147 (7.16%) Designer
7 144 (7.01%) .NET Developer
8 142 (6.92%) Angular Developer
9 132 (6.43%) Senior Developer
10 131 (6.38%) JavaScript Developer
11 89 (4.34%) HTML Developer
11 89 (4.34%) Web Developer
12 79 (3.85%) PHP Developer
13 70 (3.41%) UI Developer
14 69 (3.36%) Architect
15 68 (3.31%) C# Developer
16 65 (3.17%) Node.js Developer
17 63 (3.07%) UX Designer
18 54 (2.63%) HTML CSS Developer
19 50 (2.44%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,679 (81.78%) CSS
2 713 (34.73%) HTML5
3 512 (24.94%) AngularJS
4 427 (20.80%) React
5 403 (19.63%) .NET
6 382 (18.61%) CSS3
7 374 (18.22%) Node.js
8 337 (16.42%) REST
9 327 (15.93%) jQuery
10 234 (11.40%) Web Services
11 218 (10.62%) Spring
12 214 (10.42%) Sass
13 208 (10.13%) XML
14 202 (9.84%) JSON
15 187 (9.11%) RESTful
16 174 (8.48%) Redux
17 167 (8.13%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 161 (7.84%) ASP.NET
19 129 (6.28%) Vue.js
20 118 (5.75%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 367 (17.88%) User Experience
2 126 (6.14%) Mobile App
3 103 (5.02%) Analytical Skills
4 90 (4.38%) Greenfield Project
5 74 (3.60%) Enterprise Software
6 37 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
7 33 (1.61%) Social Media
8 27 (1.32%) Clustering
8 27 (1.32%) Data Structures
9 24 (1.17%) Animation
10 21 (1.02%) Virtual Team
11 20 (0.97%) Cloud Native
11 20 (0.97%) Public Cloud
12 15 (0.73%) W3C
13 14 (0.68%) Algorithms
13 14 (0.68%) Management Information System
14 13 (0.63%) Derivative
14 13 (0.63%) Mobile Payment
15 12 (0.58%) NHS
16 11 (0.54%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 141 (6.87%) Linux
2 86 (4.19%) Windows
3 77 (3.75%) Android
4 72 (3.51%) Apple iOS
5 51 (2.48%) Unix
6 25 (1.22%) Mac OS X
7 20 (0.97%) Windows Server
8 19 (0.93%) Windows Server 2012
9 15 (0.73%) Ubuntu
10 13 (0.63%) CentOS
10 13 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 13 (0.63%) Windows 10
11 12 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
12 8 (0.39%) Debian
13 6 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
14 5 (0.24%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
16 2 (0.097%) AIX
16 2 (0.097%) VMS
17 1 (0.049%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 831 (40.48%) Agile Software Development
2 494 (24.06%) Front End Development
3 325 (15.83%) Web Development
4 276 (13.44%) DevOps
5 274 (13.35%) TDD
6 211 (10.28%) MVC
6 211 (10.28%) Scrum
7 207 (10.08%) Microservices
8 206 (10.03%) OO
9 185 (9.01%) Software Engineering
10 181 (8.82%) Continuous Integration
10 181 (8.82%) Test Automation
11 166 (8.09%) Problem-Solving
12 131 (6.38%) Unit Testing
13 129 (6.28%) Analytics
14 120 (5.85%) E-Commerce
15 116 (5.65%) Computer Science
16 115 (5.60%) SDLC
17 113 (5.50%) Prototyping
18 110 (5.36%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 1,495 (72.82%) JavaScript
2 466 (22.70%) Java
3 388 (18.90%) SQL
4 328 (15.98%) C#
5 230 (11.20%) PHP
6 216 (10.52%) TypeScript
7 190 (9.25%) Python
8 91 (4.43%) ES6
9 76 (3.70%) Java 8
10 55 (2.68%) PowerShell
11 53 (2.58%) PL/SQL
12 51 (2.48%) Scala
13 38 (1.85%) C++
14 36 (1.75%) Ruby
15 35 (1.70%) C
15 35 (1.70%) T-SQL
16 28 (1.36%) VB.NET
17 26 (1.27%) Kotlin
17 26 (1.27%) VB
18 25 (1.22%) Go
Qualifications
1 225 (10.96%) Security Cleared
2 183 (8.91%) SC Cleared
3 150 (7.31%) Degree
4 61 (2.97%) Computer Science Degree
5 24 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
5 24 (1.17%) DV Cleared
6 21 (1.02%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.29%) DBS Check
8 4 (0.19%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.15%) CCNA
9 3 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
9 3 (0.15%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.15%) JNCIA
10 2 (0.097%) HNC
10 2 (0.097%) HND
10 2 (0.097%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.097%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.049%) MCSD
11 1 (0.049%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 100 (4.87%) QA
2 55 (2.68%) WCAG
3 22 (1.07%) GDPR
4 10 (0.49%) WAI
5 7 (0.34%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.34%) NCSC
6 6 (0.29%) MiFID
6 6 (0.29%) PMO
7 5 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.24%) SLA
8 4 (0.19%) Section 508
9 3 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.097%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.097%) NIST
10 2 (0.097%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.049%) Actionable Recommendations
11 1 (0.049%) Government Security Classifications
11 1 (0.049%) HL7
System Software
1 230 (11.20%) Docker
2 18 (0.88%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.39%) Time Sharing Option
4 5 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.19%) VMware NSX
6 3 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.049%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 98 (4.77%) Kubernetes
2 34 (1.66%) Puppet
3 29 (1.41%) Terraform
4 21 (1.02%) Ansible
5 19 (0.93%) Kibana
6 13 (0.63%) Grafana
7 10 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
8 8 (0.39%) Salt
9 6 (0.29%) Prometheus
9 6 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
10 5 (0.24%) PowerCLI
11 4 (0.19%) Capistrano
12 3 (0.15%) Icinga
13 2 (0.097%) HP Quality Center
13 2 (0.097%) logstash
14 1 (0.049%) Control-M
14 1 (0.049%) cPanel
14 1 (0.049%) Plesk
14 1 (0.049%) TIBCO Hawk
14 1 (0.049%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 188 (9.16%) Microsoft
2 152 (7.40%) Oracle
3 95 (4.63%) Adobe
4 79 (3.85%) Google
5 58 (2.83%) ServiceNow
6 56 (2.73%) SAP
7 50 (2.44%) Salesforce.com
8 25 (1.22%) Sitecore
9 19 (0.93%) Splunk
10 18 (0.88%) hybris
10 18 (0.88%) Red Hat
11 17 (0.83%) MuleSoft
12 15 (0.73%) VMware
13 14 (0.68%) Cloudera
14 12 (0.58%) WooCommerce
15 11 (0.54%) Bloomberg
15 11 (0.54%) Xamarin
16 10 (0.49%) Hortonworks
16 10 (0.49%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
16 10 (0.49%) Zend