Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 46 33 22
Rank change year-on-year -13 -11 -11
Contract jobs citing HTML 3,496 2,160 6,606
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.92% 5.76% 7.15%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.32% 18.90% 22.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,433 1,494 4,752
10th Percentile £306 £304 £313
25th Percentile £385 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £470 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +4.44% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £553 £538 £538
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £405
% change year-on-year +3.03% +1.85% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 14 64
10th Percentile £22.00 £22.10 £25.03
25th Percentile £31.50 £26.36 £41.44
Median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year - -20.00% +29.03%
75th Percentile £55.38 £52.40 £57.50
90th Percentile £67.10 £62.48 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £33.75 £50.00
% change year-on-year +18.52% -32.50% +29.03%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,417 11,430 29,514
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.15% 30.46% 31.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,335 8,088 20,809
10th Percentile £356 £335 £333
25th Percentile £415 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £490
Median % change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £694 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +4.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 192 101 276
10th Percentile £15.10 £20.50 £17.82
25th Percentile £27.00 £30.00 £26.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.96
Median % change year-on-year - +0.09% +8.25%
75th Percentile £57.50 £58.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.71 £66.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.75 £44.00
% change year-on-year -0.58% -2.84% +10.00%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Daily rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 2,757 £475 +5.56% 2,328
London -6 1,592 £513 +2.50% 768
UK excluding London -9 1,211 £425 +3.03% 1,680
Work from Home -19 1,108 £450 +12.50% 556
North of England -2 293 £400 -4.76% 573
South East -11 267 £420 +1.20% 331
Scotland -12 214 £433 +8.13% 85
North West +6 187 £388 -3.13% 308
Midlands -13 184 £400 - 306
South West 0 145 £425 +1.19% 177
West Midlands -30 105 £425 -5.56% 185
Yorkshire -16 87 £450 +5.88% 187
East Midlands +18 74 £350 +7.69% 120
East of England -23 72 £431 +7.75% 153
Wales -13 25 £325 -23.53% 33
North East -5 19 £455 -13.33% 78
Northern Ireland -5 12 £475 +4.40% 22

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 2,717 (77.72%) CSS
2 2,572 (73.57%) JavaScript
3 1,441 (41.22%) Agile Software Development
4 1,225 (35.04%) React
5 1,073 (30.69%) HTML5
6 1,026 (29.35%) AngularJS
7 789 (22.57%) Front End Development
8 740 (21.17%) Java
9 733 (20.97%) Git (software)
10 697 (19.94%) SQL
11 685 (19.59%) TypeScript
12 647 (18.51%) .NET
13 628 (17.96%) C#
14 622 (17.79%) Node.js
15 611 (17.48%) User Experience
16 609 (17.42%) Social Skills
17 579 (16.56%) Azure
18 518 (14.82%) jQuery
18 518 (14.82%) DevOps
19 509 (14.56%) CSS3
20 505 (14.45%) TDD
21 468 (13.39%) Finance
22 466 (13.33%) REST
23 431 (12.33%) AWS
24 411 (11.76%) Sass
25 410 (11.73%) Web Development
26 402 (11.50%) Microservices
27 387 (11.07%) SQL Server
28 382 (10.93%) Accessibility
29 379 (10.84%) Web Services

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 204 (5.84%) CMS
2 106 (3.03%) SharePoint
3 104 (2.97%) Confluence
4 89 (2.55%) Apache
5 78 (2.23%) WordPress
6 62 (1.77%) Drupal
7 57 (1.63%) Tomcat
8 56 (1.60%) IIS
9 42 (1.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 36 (1.03%) nginx
11 34 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
12 31 (0.89%) WebLogic
13 28 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 27 (0.77%) JBoss
15 25 (0.72%) Umbraco
16 22 (0.63%) Headless CMS
17 21 (0.60%) WebSphere
18 19 (0.54%) IBM Domino
19 17 (0.49%) Apache Solr
20 15 (0.43%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 77 (2.20%) Photoshop
2 58 (1.66%) Sketch
3 52 (1.49%) Microsoft Office
4 38 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
5 32 (0.92%) Figma
6 31 (0.89%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 30 (0.86%) InVision
8 26 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 25 (0.72%) Adobe Illustrator
9 25 (0.72%) Adobe XD
10 11 (0.31%) InDesign
11 10 (0.29%) InfoPath
12 9 (0.26%) Chatbot
12 9 (0.26%) MS Visio
13 7 (0.20%) Adobe After Effects
13 7 (0.20%) Adobe Premiere
13 7 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
14 5 (0.14%) Adobe Captivate
14 5 (0.14%) Zeplin
15 3 (0.086%) CINEMA 4D
Business Applications
1 80 (2.29%) Magento
2 35 (1.00%) Shopify
3 33 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
4 14 (0.40%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 12 (0.34%) Adobe Campaign
6 5 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.11%) Maximo
7 4 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
7 4 (0.11%) Temenos T24
8 3 (0.086%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.086%) Exchequer
8 3 (0.086%) Exstream
8 3 (0.086%) SAP MII
9 2 (0.057%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.057%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.057%) SAP CRM
9 2 (0.057%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.057%) Teamcenter
10 1 (0.029%) Oracle Applications
10 1 (0.029%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 579 (16.56%) Azure
2 431 (12.33%) AWS
3 185 (5.29%) GitHub
4 142 (4.06%) Serverless
5 126 (3.60%) npm
6 97 (2.77%) SaaS
7 86 (2.46%) AWS Lambda
8 75 (2.15%) AWS CloudFormation
8 75 (2.15%) GCP
9 70 (2.00%) Power Platform
10 67 (1.92%) Amazon S3
11 60 (1.72%) Microsoft 365
12 57 (1.63%) PaaS
13 50 (1.43%) Google Analytics
14 44 (1.26%) Azure Service Bus
15 33 (0.94%) OpenShift
16 31 (0.89%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 30 (0.86%) Yarn
18 29 (0.83%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 28 (0.80%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 95 (2.72%) HTTP
2 56 (1.60%) Internet
3 32 (0.92%) SSL
4 26 (0.74%) DNS
5 20 (0.57%) TCP/IP
6 19 (0.54%) Intranet
7 18 (0.51%) AMQP
7 18 (0.51%) HTTPS
8 11 (0.31%) RTMP
8 11 (0.31%) VPN
9 9 (0.26%) Firewall
9 9 (0.26%) SMTP
10 8 (0.23%) ZigBee
11 7 (0.20%) FTP
12 6 (0.17%) DHCP
12 6 (0.17%) PuTTY
12 6 (0.17%) SMS
12 6 (0.17%) SSH
12 6 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
13 5 (0.14%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 387 (11.07%) SQL Server
2 203 (5.81%) MongoDB
3 193 (5.52%) MySQL
4 166 (4.75%) Relational Database
5 153 (4.38%) NoSQL
6 140 (4.00%) PostgreSQL
7 55 (1.57%) Power BI
7 55 (1.57%) Redis
8 48 (1.37%) Oracle Database
9 42 (1.20%) RDBMS
10 36 (1.03%) Azure SQL Database
11 35 (1.00%) Amazon Aurora
12 31 (0.89%) SQL Server 2016
13 30 (0.86%) Data Warehouse
13 30 (0.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 30 (0.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 28 (0.80%) Big Data
15 23 (0.66%) Apache Cassandra
16 22 (0.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 20 (0.57%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 733 (20.97%) Git (software)
2 373 (10.67%) Jenkins
3 289 (8.27%) JIRA
4 205 (5.86%) webpack
5 162 (4.63%) Maven
6 119 (3.40%) Jasmine
7 114 (3.26%) Cypress.io
8 101 (2.89%) Visual Studio
9 99 (2.83%) JUnit
10 96 (2.75%) gulp
11 89 (2.55%) Cucumber
12 87 (2.49%) TeamCity
13 81 (2.32%) Selenium
14 78 (2.23%) Bitbucket
15 76 (2.17%) Grunt
16 72 (2.06%) Subversion
17 68 (1.95%) Karma Test Runner
18 63 (1.80%) Mocha
19 61 (1.74%) GitLab
20 48 (1.37%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 609 (17.42%) Social Skills
2 468 (13.39%) Finance
3 284 (8.12%) Analytical Skills
4 269 (7.69%) Banking
5 211 (6.04%) Public Sector
6 205 (5.86%) Marketing
7 94 (2.69%) Investment Banking
8 89 (2.55%) Retail
9 69 (1.97%) Front Office
10 64 (1.83%) Presentation Skills
11 57 (1.63%) Telecoms
12 48 (1.37%) Publishing
13 46 (1.32%) Manufacturing
14 44 (1.26%) Law
15 39 (1.12%) Legal
16 36 (1.03%) Influencing Skills
17 33 (0.94%) Documentation Skills
18 28 (0.80%) German Language
18 28 (0.80%) Organisational Skills
19 26 (0.74%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 2,526 (72.25%) Developer
2 574 (16.42%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 375 (10.73%) React Developer
4 362 (10.35%) Full Stack Developer
5 336 (9.61%) Senior Developer
6 261 (7.47%) JavaScript Developer
7 234 (6.69%) .NET Developer
8 230 (6.58%) Designer
9 221 (6.32%) Angular Developer
10 207 (5.92%) Java Developer
11 155 (4.43%) C# Developer
12 150 (4.29%) HTML Developer
13 135 (3.86%) UI Developer
14 109 (3.12%) Architect
15 98 (2.80%) PHP Developer
15 98 (2.80%) Web Developer
16 96 (2.75%) Python Developer
17 89 (2.55%) Software Developer
18 86 (2.46%) Lead Developer
19 84 (2.40%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,717 (77.72%) CSS
2 1,225 (35.04%) React
3 1,073 (30.69%) HTML5
4 1,026 (29.35%) AngularJS
5 647 (18.51%) .NET
6 622 (17.79%) Node.js
7 518 (14.82%) jQuery
8 509 (14.56%) CSS3
9 466 (13.33%) REST
10 411 (11.76%) Sass
11 379 (10.84%) Web Services
12 361 (10.33%) RESTful
13 343 (9.81%) XML
14 331 (9.47%) Redux
15 319 (9.12%) Spring
16 300 (8.58%) JSON
17 257 (7.35%) Vue.js
18 255 (7.29%) ASP.NET
19 208 (5.95%) Jest
20 199 (5.69%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 611 (17.48%) User Experience
2 176 (5.03%) Greenfield Project
3 153 (4.38%) Mobile App
4 99 (2.83%) Data Structures
5 77 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
6 74 (2.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 72 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
8 69 (1.97%) Algorithms
9 40 (1.14%) W3C
10 39 (1.12%) Legacy Systems
11 38 (1.09%) Social Media
12 37 (1.06%) Data Protection Act
13 35 (1.00%) Management Information System
14 29 (0.83%) Animation
15 28 (0.80%) Cloud Native
15 28 (0.80%) NHS
16 27 (0.77%) Legacy Applications
17 26 (0.74%) Fixed Income
18 25 (0.72%) Clustering
19 21 (0.60%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 183 (5.23%) Linux
2 116 (3.32%) Unix
3 110 (3.15%) Windows
4 73 (2.09%) Android
5 70 (2.00%) Apple iOS
6 19 (0.54%) Windows Server
7 17 (0.49%) Ubuntu
8 15 (0.43%) CentOS
9 13 (0.37%) Mac OS
9 13 (0.37%) zOS
10 11 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
10 11 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
11 9 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 8 (0.23%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
14 4 (0.11%) Solaris
14 4 (0.11%) VMS
14 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
15 3 (0.086%) AIX
15 3 (0.086%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,441 (41.22%) Agile Software Development
2 789 (22.57%) Front End Development
3 518 (14.82%) DevOps
4 505 (14.45%) TDD
5 410 (11.73%) Web Development
6 402 (11.50%) Microservices
7 374 (10.70%) MVC
8 371 (10.61%) Problem-Solving
9 370 (10.58%) Scrum
10 348 (9.95%) Test Automation
11 342 (9.78%) Continuous Integration
12 330 (9.44%) Software Engineering
13 252 (7.21%) Unit Testing
14 244 (6.98%) OO
15 205 (5.86%) SDLC
16 202 (5.78%) E-Commerce
17 194 (5.55%) Analytics
18 183 (5.23%) BDD
19 179 (5.12%) Wireframes
20 159 (4.55%) Prototyping
Programming Languages
1 2,572 (73.57%) JavaScript
2 740 (21.17%) Java
3 697 (19.94%) SQL
4 685 (19.59%) TypeScript
5 628 (17.96%) C#
6 377 (10.78%) Python
7 283 (8.09%) PHP
8 236 (6.75%) ES6
9 112 (3.20%) Java 8
10 102 (2.92%) PowerShell
11 84 (2.40%) PL/SQL
12 78 (2.23%) Ruby
13 74 (2.12%) C++
14 67 (1.92%) Bash Shell
15 61 (1.74%) Scala
16 59 (1.69%) T-SQL
17 58 (1.66%) Kotlin
18 55 (1.57%) Apex Code
19 46 (1.32%) C
20 35 (1.00%) Go
Qualifications
1 253 (7.24%) Degree
2 194 (5.55%) Security Cleared
3 146 (4.18%) SC Cleared
4 64 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
5 24 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (0.57%) Master's Degree
7 17 (0.49%) ITIL Certification
8 15 (0.43%) AWS Certification
9 13 (0.37%) ISTQB
10 9 (0.26%) DV Cleared
10 9 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
11 8 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
11 8 (0.23%) Six Sigma Green Belt
12 5 (0.14%) DBS Check
12 5 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 3 (0.086%) CISSP
13 3 (0.086%) PhD
14 2 (0.057%) CCA
14 2 (0.057%) Cisco Certification
14 2 (0.057%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 382 (10.93%) Accessibility
2 123 (3.52%) QA
3 62 (1.77%) WCAG
4 19 (0.54%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.54%) GDPR
5 10 (0.29%) SLA
6 7 (0.20%) HL7
7 5 (0.14%) WAI
8 3 (0.086%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.057%) PMO
10 1 (0.029%) DICOM
10 1 (0.029%) GRC
10 1 (0.029%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.029%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.029%) MiFID
10 1 (0.029%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.029%) Section 508
System Software
1 335 (9.58%) Docker
2 52 (1.49%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
5 3 (0.086%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.086%) OpenAM
5 3 (0.086%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.086%) RACF
5 3 (0.086%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.057%) KVM
6 2 (0.057%) NFS
6 2 (0.057%) OpenDJ
6 2 (0.057%) OpenIDM
6 2 (0.057%) SRDF
6 2 (0.057%) Xen
7 1 (0.029%) BitLocker
7 1 (0.029%) HDFS
7 1 (0.029%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.029%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 185 (5.29%) Kubernetes
2 47 (1.34%) Ansible
3 35 (1.00%) Grafana
4 33 (0.94%) Terraform
5 28 (0.80%) Single Sign-On
6 25 (0.72%) Puppet
7 21 (0.60%) Kibana
8 11 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (0.29%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 8 (0.23%) Nagios
11 7 (0.20%) Rancher
12 6 (0.17%) HP ALM
13 5 (0.14%) HP Fortify
13 5 (0.14%) logstash
13 5 (0.14%) Prometheus
14 4 (0.11%) Graphite
14 4 (0.11%) Nessus
15 3 (0.086%) Icinga
16 2 (0.057%) Data Guard
16 2 (0.057%) SCCM
Vendors
1 290 (8.30%) Oracle
2 276 (7.89%) Microsoft
3 175 (5.01%) Adobe
4 148 (4.23%) Salesforce.com
5 97 (2.77%) Google
6 73 (2.09%) ServiceNow
7 49 (1.40%) SAP
8 32 (0.92%) Telerik
9 30 (0.86%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 29 (0.83%) Atlassian
11 27 (0.77%) Sitecore
12 26 (0.74%) Splunk
13 24 (0.69%) IBM
14 21 (0.60%) Nintex
15 20 (0.57%) hybris
16 19 (0.54%) DevExpress
17 18 (0.51%) Xerox
18 16 (0.46%) Marketo
18 16 (0.46%) Xamarin
19 13 (0.37%) HP