Period
to 30 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 30 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
30 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 37 23 10
Rank change year-on-year -14 -13 +1
Contract jobs citing HTML 1,623 5,837 8,881
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.45% 6.71% 8.80%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 17.60% 21.45% 25.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,255 4,259 6,531
Median daily rate £438 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £283 £310 £300
90th Percentile £600 £600 £585
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 70 72
Median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £36.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% +31.03% -9.38%
10th Percentile £30.49 £24.45 £12.23
90th Percentile £59.38 £61.30 £57.35
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £46.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year -24.73% +32.86% -12.50%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 9,223 27,210 35,402
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.94% 31.28% 35.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,129 18,890 24,996
Median daily rate £495 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £335 £325
90th Percentile £688 £650 £631
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 142 304 330
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.01 £41.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.47% +5.57% +4.22%
10th Percentile £23.65 £20.26 £15.21
90th Percentile £55.00 £63.75 £58.88
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -19.54% +6.10% +2.50%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Daily rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 30 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 30 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 30 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 1,444 £450 - 1,580
London -21 785 £475 -5.00% 338
UK excluding London -2 710 £400 - 1,347
Work from Home -14 284 £425 -2.86% 272
North of England +8 221 £400 - 398
South East -17 144 £433 +4.85% 253
North West +4 129 £388 - 224
Midlands -1 120 £375 -6.25% 290
South West -4 96 £400 -1.23% 182
West Midlands +5 90 £413 - 158
Scotland -7 76 £425 - 60
Yorkshire +10 67 £404 +0.94% 114
East of England -18 38 £400 -3.03% 116
East Midlands -14 30 £325 -10.96% 131
North East +10 25 £394 -2.11% 60
Wales -13 14 £375 -6.25% 36
Northern Ireland -5 2 £300 -29.41% 13

For the 6 months to 30 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 1,297 (79.91%) CSS
2 1,165 (71.78%) JavaScript
3 717 (44.18%) Agile Software Development
4 565 (34.81%) HTML5
5 410 (25.26%) AngularJS
6 401 (24.71%) Front End Development
7 392 (24.15%) Git (software)
8 378 (23.29%) Java
9 344 (21.20%) .NET
10 330 (20.33%) User Experience
11 324 (19.96%) React
12 317 (19.53%) SQL
13 292 (17.99%) C#
14 266 (16.39%) Node.js
15 261 (16.08%) CSS3
16 255 (15.71%) Azure
17 250 (15.40%) jQuery
18 247 (15.22%) Web Development
19 235 (14.48%) TDD
20 231 (14.23%) Security Cleared
21 222 (13.68%) REST
22 218 (13.43%) Finance
23 204 (12.57%) Sass
24 200 (12.32%) SQL Server
25 199 (12.26%) DevOps
26 194 (11.95%) Scrum
27 188 (11.58%) Jenkins
28 178 (10.97%) Python
29 175 (10.78%) XML
30 174 (10.72%) Test Automation

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (4.74%) CMS
2 56 (3.45%) SharePoint
3 54 (3.33%) Apache
4 48 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
5 42 (2.59%) Confluence
5 42 (2.59%) Tomcat
6 40 (2.46%) IIS
7 38 (2.34%) WordPress
8 25 (1.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 23 (1.42%) Drupal
9 23 (1.42%) WebLogic
10 20 (1.23%) WebSphere
11 17 (1.05%) JBoss
12 16 (0.99%) Apache Solr
13 13 (0.80%) Sitecore CMS
14 12 (0.74%) Red Hat Fuse
14 12 (0.74%) Umbraco
15 11 (0.68%) Apache Spark
16 10 (0.62%) nginx
17 9 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 39 (2.40%) Sketch
2 31 (1.91%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (1.85%) Microsoft Excel
4 25 (1.54%) Photoshop
5 15 (0.92%) InVision
5 15 (0.92%) MS Visio
6 14 (0.86%) InfoPath
7 13 (0.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.62%) Adobe Illustrator
8 10 (0.62%) Figma
9 9 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 7 (0.43%) Chatbot
10 7 (0.43%) Zeplin
11 5 (0.31%) Adobe XD
12 4 (0.25%) InDesign
13 3 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
14 2 (0.12%) Acrobat
14 2 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
14 2 (0.12%) Doxygen
14 2 (0.12%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 30 (1.85%) Magento
2 24 (1.48%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.80%) Shopify
4 9 (0.55%) Oracle ERP
5 5 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
5 5 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 5 (0.31%) Visualfiles
6 4 (0.25%) SAP ERP
6 4 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.25%) SAP SRM
6 4 (0.25%) Teamcenter
7 2 (0.12%) Eloqua
8 1 (0.062%) assyst
8 1 (0.062%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.062%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.062%) OpenCart
8 1 (0.062%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.062%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.062%) SAP Retail
8 1 (0.062%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 255 (15.71%) Azure
2 162 (9.98%) AWS
3 49 (3.02%) GCP
4 47 (2.90%) GitHub
5 36 (2.22%) SaaS
6 33 (2.03%) Serverless
7 29 (1.79%) npm
8 27 (1.66%) PaaS
9 22 (1.36%) Power Platform
10 20 (1.23%) Office 365
11 19 (1.17%) Google Analytics
12 15 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
13 13 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
14 12 (0.74%) Amazon S3
15 10 (0.62%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 10 (0.62%) Azure Functions
16 8 (0.49%) Adobe Analytics
16 8 (0.49%) AWS CloudFormation
16 8 (0.49%) Logic Apps
17 7 (0.43%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 53 (3.27%) HTTP
2 14 (0.86%) Intranet
3 13 (0.80%) DNS
3 13 (0.80%) Internet
4 10 (0.62%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.43%) SSH
5 7 (0.43%) SSL
6 6 (0.37%) Skype
7 5 (0.31%) DKIM
7 5 (0.31%) Remote Desktop
8 4 (0.25%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.18%) DSL
9 3 (0.18%) Firewall
9 3 (0.18%) RTMP
9 3 (0.18%) SMS
10 2 (0.12%) DVB
10 2 (0.12%) Tactical Data Link
10 2 (0.12%) VPN
11 1 (0.062%) DHCP
11 1 (0.062%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 200 (12.32%) SQL Server
2 113 (6.96%) MySQL
3 87 (5.36%) Relational Database
4 77 (4.74%) MongoDB
5 74 (4.56%) PostgreSQL
6 53 (3.27%) NoSQL
7 42 (2.59%) Big Data
8 36 (2.22%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 30 (1.85%) Oracle Database
10 26 (1.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 22 (1.36%) Redis
12 12 (0.74%) Cosmos DB
12 12 (0.74%) DB2
13 11 (0.68%) Data Warehouse
13 11 (0.68%) Power BI
14 10 (0.62%) Azure SQL Database
14 10 (0.62%) RDBMS
15 8 (0.49%) MariaDB
15 8 (0.49%) Oracle Reports
16 7 (0.43%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 392 (24.15%) Git (software)
2 188 (11.58%) Jenkins
3 103 (6.35%) JIRA
4 80 (4.93%) Subversion
5 77 (4.74%) gulp
6 67 (4.13%) Grunt
7 60 (3.70%) Jasmine
8 59 (3.64%) Selenium
8 59 (3.64%) Visual Studio
9 54 (3.33%) Maven
10 52 (3.20%) webpack
11 44 (2.71%) Mocha
12 30 (1.85%) Cucumber
12 30 (1.85%) JUnit
13 29 (1.79%) GitLab
14 28 (1.73%) Team Foundation Server
15 27 (1.66%) TeamCity
16 24 (1.48%) Ant
17 23 (1.42%) Eclipse
18 21 (1.29%) Gradle
General
1 218 (13.43%) Finance
2 155 (9.55%) Public Sector
3 112 (6.90%) Banking
4 88 (5.42%) Marketing
5 42 (2.59%) Investment Banking
6 34 (2.09%) Retail
7 32 (1.97%) Front Office
8 29 (1.79%) Law
9 23 (1.42%) Manufacturing
9 23 (1.42%) Telecoms
10 15 (0.92%) Games
11 13 (0.80%) Financial Institution
12 12 (0.74%) Advertising
12 12 (0.74%) Electronics
12 12 (0.74%) Publishing
13 11 (0.68%) Legal
14 9 (0.55%) Back Office
14 9 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.37%) Local Government
16 5 (0.31%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,139 (70.18%) Developer
2 295 (18.18%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 154 (9.49%) React Developer
4 138 (8.50%) Full Stack Developer
5 137 (8.44%) Designer
6 119 (7.33%) JavaScript Developer
7 106 (6.53%) .NET Developer
8 102 (6.28%) Java Developer
9 101 (6.22%) Angular Developer
10 97 (5.98%) Senior Developer
11 84 (5.18%) HTML Developer
12 65 (4.00%) C# Developer
12 65 (4.00%) Web Developer
13 64 (3.94%) UI Developer
14 57 (3.51%) UX Designer
15 56 (3.45%) Architect
15 56 (3.45%) PHP Developer
16 49 (3.02%) Azure Developer
17 41 (2.53%) Interaction Designer
18 40 (2.46%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,297 (79.91%) CSS
2 565 (34.81%) HTML5
3 410 (25.26%) AngularJS
4 344 (21.20%) .NET
5 324 (19.96%) React
6 266 (16.39%) Node.js
7 261 (16.08%) CSS3
8 250 (15.40%) jQuery
9 222 (13.68%) REST
10 204 (12.57%) Sass
11 175 (10.78%) XML
12 168 (10.35%) Web Services
13 164 (10.10%) RESTful
14 151 (9.30%) ASP.NET
15 143 (8.81%) JSON
16 132 (8.13%) Spring
17 125 (7.70%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 116 (7.15%) Redux
19 88 (5.42%) SOAP
20 74 (4.56%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 330 (20.33%) User Experience
2 91 (5.61%) Analytical Skills
3 80 (4.93%) Mobile App
4 56 (3.45%) Greenfield Project
5 43 (2.65%) Enterprise Software
6 21 (1.29%) Cloud Native
6 21 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
6 21 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
7 19 (1.17%) Management Information System
8 18 (1.11%) Derivative
9 17 (1.05%) Data Structures
10 16 (0.99%) CMDB
10 16 (0.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 15 (0.92%) Fixed Income
12 14 (0.86%) Public Cloud
13 13 (0.80%) Client/Server
14 12 (0.74%) Animation
14 12 (0.74%) Equities
14 12 (0.74%) W3C
15 11 (0.68%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 162 (9.98%) Linux
2 89 (5.48%) Windows
3 69 (4.25%) Unix
4 59 (3.64%) Android
4 59 (3.64%) Apple iOS
5 45 (2.77%) Mac OS X
6 25 (1.54%) Windows Server
7 16 (0.99%) Windows Server 2012
8 14 (0.86%) Windows Server 2016
9 11 (0.68%) CentOS
9 11 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 7 (0.43%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.43%) Windows 10
11 6 (0.37%) Debian
12 4 (0.25%) AIX
12 4 (0.25%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.18%) tvOS
14 1 (0.062%) MVS
14 1 (0.062%) VxWorks
14 1 (0.062%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 717 (44.18%) Agile Software Development
2 401 (24.71%) Front End Development
3 247 (15.22%) Web Development
4 235 (14.48%) TDD
5 199 (12.26%) DevOps
6 194 (11.95%) Scrum
7 174 (10.72%) Test Automation
8 162 (9.98%) Problem-Solving
9 152 (9.37%) Microservices
10 149 (9.18%) MVC
10 149 (9.18%) OO
11 137 (8.44%) Continuous Integration
12 135 (8.32%) Unit Testing
13 133 (8.19%) Software Engineering
14 100 (6.16%) Web Design
15 98 (6.04%) Responsive Web Design
16 96 (5.91%) Computer Science
17 93 (5.73%) Open Source
18 89 (5.48%) BDD
19 83 (5.11%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,165 (71.78%) JavaScript
2 378 (23.29%) Java
3 317 (19.53%) SQL
4 292 (17.99%) C#
5 178 (10.97%) Python
6 151 (9.30%) TypeScript
7 138 (8.50%) PHP
8 72 (4.44%) ES6
9 59 (3.64%) PL/SQL
10 50 (3.08%) PowerShell
10 50 (3.08%) T-SQL
11 39 (2.40%) Java 8
12 38 (2.34%) Scala
13 33 (2.03%) Bash Shell
13 33 (2.03%) C
14 27 (1.66%) Ruby
15 26 (1.60%) VB
16 25 (1.54%) C++
16 25 (1.54%) VB.NET
17 19 (1.17%) Perl
Qualifications
1 231 (14.23%) Security Cleared
2 169 (10.41%) SC Cleared
3 142 (8.75%) Degree
4 48 (2.96%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (1.91%) DV Cleared
6 28 (1.73%) Master's Degree
7 27 (1.66%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.92%) DBS Check
9 7 (0.43%) ISTQB
9 7 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
10 6 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.31%) MCSD
12 3 (0.18%) CCNA
12 3 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.18%) JNCIA
12 3 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
13 2 (0.12%) MCAD
13 2 (0.12%) MCITP
13 2 (0.12%) MCPD
13 2 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (4.13%) WCAG
2 62 (3.82%) QA
3 12 (0.74%) GDPR
4 8 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.31%) NCSC
5 5 (0.31%) WAI
6 4 (0.25%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.25%) Government Security Classifications
6 4 (0.25%) PMO
7 2 (0.12%) MiFID
7 2 (0.12%) Section 508
8 1 (0.062%) HL7
8 1 (0.062%) SLA
System Software
1 171 (10.54%) Docker
2 28 (1.73%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.18%) RACF
5 3 (0.18%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.062%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 89 (5.48%) Kubernetes
2 34 (2.09%) Ansible
2 34 (2.09%) Terraform
3 23 (1.42%) Kibana
4 22 (1.36%) Puppet
5 16 (0.99%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (0.74%) Grafana
7 5 (0.31%) Salt
8 4 (0.25%) logstash
8 4 (0.25%) PowerCLI
8 4 (0.25%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.18%) Capistrano
9 3 (0.18%) Istio
10 2 (0.12%) SCCM
10 2 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.12%) TeamSite
11 1 (0.062%) CFEngine
11 1 (0.062%) HP Quality Center
11 1 (0.062%) Nagios
11 1 (0.062%) Rancher
Vendors
1 161 (9.92%) Microsoft
2 134 (8.26%) Oracle
3 61 (3.76%) Adobe
4 59 (3.64%) Google
5 41 (2.53%) Salesforce.com
6 40 (2.46%) SAP
7 22 (1.36%) Red Hat
7 22 (1.36%) ServiceNow
8 21 (1.29%) StreamSets
9 19 (1.17%) Databricks
10 18 (1.11%) Sitecore
11 17 (1.05%) Splunk
12 16 (0.99%) IBM
12 16 (0.99%) Xamarin
13 14 (0.86%) Cloudera
13 14 (0.86%) Sybase
14 13 (0.80%) IFS
15 12 (0.74%) MuleSoft
15 12 (0.74%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
16 10 (0.62%) Hortonworks