Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 12 10
Rank change year-on-year -4 -2 +1
Contract jobs citing HTML 8,645 9,025 10,317
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 8.26% 8.74% 10.07%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.80% 27.21% 32.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,173 6,530 7,266
UK median daily rate £440 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +5.26%
10th Percentile £308 £288 £275
90th Percentile £588 £594 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £370
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 77 119 117
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £38.00 £31.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.89% +20.83% +7.52%
10th Percentile £14.13 £13.69 £14.25
90th Percentile £59.05 £63.75 £56.87
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £29.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% +37.93% -7.76%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,330 33,162 31,821
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.70% 32.13% 31.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,704 23,452 21,961
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 316 365 360
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.00 £17.85 £14.56
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.15 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.43% +0.38% +6.67%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing HTML.

Contractor daily rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 7,958 £450 +5.88% 3,613
UK excluding London -5 4,375 £400 +6.67% 2,756
London -5 4,119 £490 +3.16% 1,077
South East -1 1,387 £415 +3.75% 622
North of England -5 1,013 £383 +2.00% 793
Midlands -9 646 £400 +14.29% 531
South West -5 496 £400 +14.29% 332
North West -4 479 £380 +4.83% 446
Scotland +2 419 £400 +6.67% 125
Yorkshire -5 400 £375 -1.32% 259
West Midlands -10 395 £425 +21.34% 266
East of England -18 269 £389 +3.67% 258
East Midlands +6 246 £375 +11.11% 264
Wales -3 146 £420 +1.82% 69
North East +7 132 £408 -4.12% 88
Northern Ireland 0 11 £325 -21.21% 26
Isle of Man -2 3 - -

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 6,901 (79.83%) CSS
2 6,633 (76.73%) JavaScript
3 3,989 (46.14%) Agile Software Development
4 3,669 (42.44%) HTML5
5 2,995 (34.64%) AngularJS
6 2,152 (24.89%) Front End Development
7 2,076 (24.01%) CSS3
8 2,058 (23.81%) React
9 1,993 (23.05%) Java
10 1,976 (22.86%) .NET
11 1,912 (22.12%) Git (software)
12 1,898 (21.95%) jQuery
13 1,866 (21.58%) C#
14 1,777 (20.56%) TDD
15 1,603 (18.54%) Node.js
16 1,508 (17.44%) SQL
17 1,467 (16.97%) MVC
18 1,254 (14.51%) Finance
19 1,226 (14.18%) User Experience
20 1,225 (14.17%) Web Development
21 1,182 (13.67%) Scrum
22 1,174 (13.58%) Sass
23 1,155 (13.36%) SQL Server
24 1,134 (13.12%) REST
25 1,121 (12.97%) ASP.NET
26 1,108 (12.82%) Test Automation
27 980 (11.34%) XML
28 976 (11.29%) Web Services
29 912 (10.55%) BDD
30 853 (9.87%) Continuous Integration

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 538 (6.22%) CMS
2 229 (2.65%) Confluence
3 208 (2.41%) SharePoint
4 206 (2.38%) WordPress
5 173 (2.00%) Drupal
6 170 (1.97%) Apache
7 152 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
8 150 (1.74%) Tomcat
9 131 (1.52%) WebLogic
10 126 (1.46%) JBoss
11 124 (1.43%) WebSphere
12 98 (1.13%) IIS
13 93 (1.08%) Umbraco
14 91 (1.05%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 70 (0.81%) nginx
16 58 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
16 58 (0.67%) Sitecore CMS
17 44 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
18 36 (0.42%) Apache Solr
18 36 (0.42%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 266 (3.08%) Photoshop
2 98 (1.13%) InVision
3 84 (0.97%) Adobe Illustrator
4 67 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
5 54 (0.62%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 47 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
7 35 (0.40%) Fireworks
8 25 (0.29%) Chatbot
8 25 (0.29%) InDesign
9 20 (0.23%) Adobe After Effects
10 19 (0.22%) InfoPath
11 18 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 13 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
13 7 (0.081%) Adobe Premiere
13 7 (0.081%) GIMP
14 6 (0.069%) Acrobat
14 6 (0.069%) MS Visio
15 5 (0.058%) UXPin
16 4 (0.046%) Adobe Captivate
16 4 (0.046%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 117 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 104 (1.20%) Magento
3 20 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
4 19 (0.22%) Shopify
5 18 (0.21%) Actimize
6 13 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
7 11 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
7 11 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
8 10 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 9 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 8 (0.093%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 7 (0.081%) Eloqua
11 7 (0.081%) Oracle Applications
12 6 (0.069%) Oracle BPM
12 6 (0.069%) Remedy ITSM
12 6 (0.069%) SAP ERP
13 5 (0.058%) NetSuite
14 4 (0.046%) OpenCart
15 3 (0.035%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 3 (0.035%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 774 (8.95%) Microsoft Azure
2 668 (7.73%) Amazon AWS
3 301 (3.48%) GitHub
4 210 (2.43%) npm
5 205 (2.37%) Serverless
6 121 (1.40%) SaaS
7 116 (1.34%) Google Analytics
8 110 (1.27%) AWS Lambda
9 108 (1.25%) Google Cloud Platform
10 97 (1.12%) Office 365
11 62 (0.72%) Heroku
12 59 (0.68%) PaaS
13 55 (0.64%) Dynamics 365
14 40 (0.46%) OpenShift
15 39 (0.45%) Adobe Creative Cloud
16 38 (0.44%) Apigee
16 38 (0.44%) IaaS
17 36 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
18 34 (0.39%) Cloud Computing
19 30 (0.35%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 335 (3.88%) HTTP
2 205 (2.37%) Internet
3 105 (1.21%) SSL
4 91 (1.05%) TCP/IP
5 61 (0.71%) DNS
6 53 (0.61%) Intranet
7 51 (0.59%) FTP
8 31 (0.36%) Skype
8 31 (0.36%) SMS
9 27 (0.31%) LAN
10 26 (0.30%) Firewall
10 26 (0.30%) SMTP
11 18 (0.21%) SSH
12 17 (0.20%) WAN
13 14 (0.16%) SNMP
14 13 (0.15%) IMAP
15 12 (0.14%) Broadband
15 12 (0.14%) DHCP
16 11 (0.13%) Kerberos
16 11 (0.13%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,155 (13.36%) SQL Server
2 774 (8.95%) MySQL
3 517 (5.98%) MongoDB
3 517 (5.98%) Relational Database
4 403 (4.66%) NoSQL
5 325 (3.76%) PostgreSQL
6 166 (1.92%) RDBMS
7 122 (1.41%) Apache Cassandra
8 111 (1.28%) Redis
9 91 (1.05%) Big Data
10 76 (0.88%) Oracle Database
11 72 (0.83%) Hadoop
12 68 (0.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 58 (0.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 52 (0.60%) SQL Server 2012
14 52 (0.60%) SQL Server 2014
15 50 (0.58%) Couchbase
15 50 (0.58%) SQL Server 2008
16 38 (0.44%) DB2
17 37 (0.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,912 (22.12%) Git (software)
2 699 (8.09%) Jenkins
3 565 (6.54%) Selenium
4 560 (6.48%) JIRA
5 472 (5.46%) gulp
6 334 (3.86%) webpack
7 324 (3.75%) Maven
8 317 (3.67%) Subversion
9 315 (3.64%) Jasmine
10 313 (3.62%) Visual Studio
11 301 (3.48%) Grunt
12 259 (3.00%) Cucumber
13 255 (2.95%) JUnit
14 212 (2.45%) Team Foundation Server
15 194 (2.24%) Mocha
16 191 (2.21%) Karma Test Runner
17 161 (1.86%) Gradle
18 140 (1.62%) Visual Studio Team System
19 138 (1.60%) Eclipse
20 129 (1.49%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,254 (14.51%) Finance
2 496 (5.74%) Banking
3 351 (4.06%) Retail
4 337 (3.90%) Marketing
5 193 (2.23%) Front Office
6 133 (1.54%) Telecoms
7 117 (1.35%) Games
8 108 (1.25%) Investment Banking
9 95 (1.10%) Advertising
10 93 (1.08%) Publishing
11 79 (0.91%) Manufacturing
12 77 (0.89%) Back Office
12 77 (0.89%) Legal
13 52 (0.60%) Electronics
13 52 (0.60%) Financial Institution
14 49 (0.57%) Law
15 27 (0.31%) Automotive
16 20 (0.23%) Multimedia
16 20 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.12%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 7,007 (81.05%) Developer
2 1,663 (19.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1,086 (12.56%) JavaScript Developer
4 927 (10.72%) React Developer
5 903 (10.45%) .NET Developer
6 849 (9.82%) Java Developer
7 764 (8.84%) Angular Developer
8 758 (8.77%) Full Stack Developer
9 590 (6.82%) Senior Developer
10 567 (6.56%) C# Developer
11 513 (5.93%) HTML Developer
12 401 (4.64%) Designer
13 395 (4.57%) Web Developer
14 374 (4.33%) PHP Developer
15 372 (4.30%) UI Developer
16 346 (4.00%) HTML CSS Developer
17 310 (3.59%) C# .NET Developer
18 225 (2.60%) Node.js Developer
19 209 (2.42%) ASP.NET Developer
20 195 (2.26%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,901 (79.83%) CSS
2 3,669 (42.44%) HTML5
3 2,995 (34.64%) AngularJS
4 2,076 (24.01%) CSS3
5 2,058 (23.81%) React
6 1,976 (22.86%) .NET
7 1,898 (21.95%) jQuery
8 1,603 (18.54%) Node.js
9 1,174 (13.58%) Sass
10 1,134 (13.12%) REST
11 1,121 (12.97%) ASP.NET
12 980 (11.34%) XML
13 976 (11.29%) Web Services
14 838 (9.69%) Spring
15 795 (9.20%) Redux
16 766 (8.86%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 743 (8.59%) RESTful
18 739 (8.55%) JSON
19 565 (6.54%) ASP.NET Web API
20 562 (6.50%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 1,226 (14.18%) User Experience
2 465 (5.38%) Greenfield Project
3 410 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
4 357 (4.13%) Mobile App
5 273 (3.16%) Fintech
6 145 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
6 145 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
7 116 (1.34%) Algorithms
7 116 (1.34%) Data Structures
8 84 (0.97%) Fixed Income
8 84 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 77 (0.89%) W3C
10 70 (0.81%) Social Media
11 57 (0.66%) Graphic Design
11 57 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
12 55 (0.64%) Equities
13 45 (0.52%) Derivative
14 43 (0.50%) Hedge funds
15 36 (0.42%) iPad
16 34 (0.39%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 637 (7.37%) Linux
2 358 (4.14%) Unix
3 352 (4.07%) Windows
4 221 (2.56%) Apple iOS
5 211 (2.44%) Android
6 60 (0.69%) Mac OS X
7 57 (0.66%) Windows Server
8 48 (0.56%) Ubuntu
9 32 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 31 (0.36%) Mac OS
11 30 (0.35%) CentOS
12 25 (0.29%) VMS
13 16 (0.19%) Solaris
14 14 (0.16%) Windows 7
14 14 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
15 11 (0.13%) Windows 8
16 10 (0.12%) Debian
17 8 (0.093%) Embedded Linux
17 8 (0.093%) Windows Server 2008
18 5 (0.058%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,989 (46.14%) Agile Software Development
2 2,152 (24.89%) Front End Development
3 1,777 (20.56%) TDD
4 1,467 (16.97%) MVC
5 1,225 (14.17%) Web Development
6 1,182 (13.67%) Scrum
7 1,108 (12.82%) Test Automation
8 912 (10.55%) BDD
9 853 (9.87%) Continuous Integration
10 806 (9.32%) OO
11 770 (8.91%) Microservices
12 675 (7.81%) DevOps
13 613 (7.09%) Unit Testing
14 602 (6.96%) E-Commerce
15 590 (6.82%) Problem-Solving
16 587 (6.79%) Responsive Web Design
17 571 (6.60%) Software Engineering
18 449 (5.19%) Analytics
19 369 (4.27%) SDLC
20 342 (3.96%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 6,633 (76.73%) JavaScript
2 1,993 (23.05%) Java
3 1,866 (21.58%) C#
4 1,508 (17.44%) SQL
5 820 (9.49%) PHP
6 789 (9.13%) TypeScript
7 695 (8.04%) ES6
8 602 (6.96%) Python
9 293 (3.39%) Java 8
10 242 (2.80%) Scala
11 237 (2.74%) Ruby
12 164 (1.90%) T-SQL
13 138 (1.60%) Go
14 131 (1.52%) PowerShell
15 128 (1.48%) PL/SQL
16 124 (1.43%) Perl
17 115 (1.33%) C++
18 87 (1.01%) Bash Shell
18 87 (1.01%) Groovy
19 86 (0.99%) C
Qualifications
1 502 (5.81%) Degree
2 361 (4.18%) Security Cleared
3 274 (3.17%) SC Cleared
4 126 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
5 45 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
6 32 (0.37%) ISEB
7 25 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
8 23 (0.27%) DBS Check
8 23 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
9 18 (0.21%) ISTQB
10 15 (0.17%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 12 (0.14%) DV Cleared
12 12 (0.14%) Postgraduate
13 11 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
14 10 (0.12%) MCSE
15 7 (0.081%) CTC Cleared
15 7 (0.081%) MCSA
16 6 (0.069%) APMP
16 6 (0.069%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 298 (3.45%) QA
2 101 (1.17%) WCAG
3 34 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
4 24 (0.28%) SLA
5 22 (0.25%) WAI
6 15 (0.17%) PMO
7 11 (0.13%) GDPR
8 10 (0.12%) Data Quality
9 7 (0.081%) ISO 9001
10 6 (0.069%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.058%) GxP
12 4 (0.046%) TickIT
13 3 (0.035%) PCI DSS
13 3 (0.035%) Section 508
14 2 (0.023%) GMP
System Software
1 591 (6.84%) Docker
2 53 (0.61%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
4 14 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (0.12%) VirtualBox
6 7 (0.081%) LXC
7 6 (0.069%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 6 (0.069%) HDFS
8 5 (0.058%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.058%) KVM
8 5 (0.058%) Xen
9 4 (0.046%) vCloud
10 3 (0.035%) NFS
10 3 (0.035%) SRDF
10 3 (0.035%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 2 (0.023%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.023%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.023%) Postfix
11 2 (0.023%) Squid
11 2 (0.023%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 200 (2.31%) Kubernetes
2 132 (1.53%) Puppet
3 125 (1.45%) Ansible
4 87 (1.01%) Kibana
5 80 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
6 62 (0.72%) Grafana
7 45 (0.52%) Terraform
8 39 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
9 30 (0.35%) logstash
10 24 (0.28%) Graphite
11 20 (0.23%) HP ALM
12 18 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
13 13 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
14 12 (0.14%) HockeyApp
15 9 (0.10%) Cobbler
15 9 (0.10%) HAProxy
15 9 (0.10%) SCCM
15 9 (0.10%) WMI
16 7 (0.081%) Cacti
16 7 (0.081%) Control-M
Vendors
1 753 (8.71%) Microsoft
2 633 (7.32%) Oracle
3 346 (4.00%) Adobe
4 342 (3.96%) Google
5 145 (1.68%) ServiceNow
6 113 (1.31%) IBM
7 106 (1.23%) SAP
8 101 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
9 86 (0.99%) Sitecore
10 81 (0.94%) Splunk
11 77 (0.89%) hybris
12 53 (0.61%) Sybase
12 53 (0.61%) Xamarin
13 47 (0.54%) Atlassian
14 44 (0.51%) Apple
14 44 (0.51%) Zend
15 43 (0.50%) Twitter
16 37 (0.43%) webMethods
17 30 (0.35%) HP
18 29 (0.34%) Citrix