Period
to 6 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 6 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
6 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 33 21 10
Rank change year-on-year -12 -11 0
Contract jobs citing HTML 2,361 6,935 9,406
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.69% 7.40% 9.00%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.51% 22.91% 26.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,688 5,120 6,924
Median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £298
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £402 £408 £400
% change year-on-year -1.35% +1.88% +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 87 78
Median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £35.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +41.84% -11.88%
10th Percentile £29.03 £22.30 £12.69
90th Percentile £56.00 £60.00 £56.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £48.00 £35.50
% change year-on-year -27.08% +35.21% -11.25%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,758 30,276 35,199
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.76% 32.32% 33.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,568 21,200 24,717
Median daily rate £500 £490 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +4.26% +4.44%
10th Percentile £334 £334 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £415
% change year-on-year +2.27% +6.02% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 196 321 366
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +1.47% +2.15%
10th Percentile £22.50 £18.50 £14.90
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.00 £60.47
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -2.44%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Daily rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 6 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 2,072 £450 - 1,124
UK excluding London -8 1,165 £402 -1.35% 924
London -19 1,084 £488 -2.50% 265
South East -16 280 £425 - 190
North of England -16 260 £403 +0.63% 280
Work from Home -8 183 £400 -5.88% 170
South West -9 170 £416 -2.06% 122
Scotland +8 156 £400 - 37
Midlands -9 155 £400 - 177
North West -19 134 £400 - 160
West Midlands -3 114 £413 +1.23% 104
Yorkshire -6 100 £425 - 87
East of England -1 93 £400 - 88
East Midlands -18 41 £385 +2.67% 73
Wales -14 36 £415 +3.75% 27
North East -3 26 £443 +10.63% 33
Northern Ireland +3 15 £455 +7.06% 4
Channel Islands - 1 £425 -

For the 6 months to 6 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 1,851 (78.40%) CSS
2 1,771 (75.01%) JavaScript
3 996 (42.19%) Agile Software Development
4 832 (35.24%) HTML5
5 619 (26.22%) AngularJS
6 586 (24.82%) Front End Development
7 580 (24.57%) .NET
8 560 (23.72%) React
9 540 (22.87%) C#
10 493 (20.88%) Git (software)
11 492 (20.84%) Java
12 487 (20.63%) SQL
13 440 (18.64%) User Experience
14 408 (17.28%) CSS3
15 390 (16.52%) Node.js
16 378 (16.01%) SQL Server
17 366 (15.50%) jQuery
18 362 (15.33%) TDD
19 344 (14.57%) Azure
20 335 (14.19%) Web Development
21 302 (12.79%) DevOps
22 300 (12.71%) Sass
23 285 (12.07%) Web Services
24 274 (11.61%) Scrum
24 274 (11.61%) Test Automation
25 272 (11.52%) Finance
26 270 (11.44%) MVC
27 262 (11.10%) TypeScript
28 258 (10.93%) XML
29 257 (10.89%) ASP.NET

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (5.72%) CMS
2 90 (3.81%) SharePoint
3 62 (2.63%) Elasticsearch
4 55 (2.33%) IIS
5 49 (2.08%) Apache
6 48 (2.03%) Tomcat
7 45 (1.91%) WordPress
8 30 (1.27%) Confluence
8 30 (1.27%) WebLogic
9 27 (1.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 27 (1.14%) WebSphere
10 25 (1.06%) Umbraco
11 24 (1.02%) Drupal
12 18 (0.76%) Apache Solr
12 18 (0.76%) Apache Spark
13 17 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 14 (0.59%) EPiServer
14 14 (0.59%) Headless CMS
15 12 (0.51%) JBoss
16 11 (0.47%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 85 (3.60%) Sketch
2 51 (2.16%) InVision
3 46 (1.95%) Photoshop
4 41 (1.74%) Microsoft Office
5 40 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
6 25 (1.06%) Zeplin
7 19 (0.80%) Adobe Illustrator
8 15 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 14 (0.59%) Figma
10 13 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 10 (0.42%) Adobe After Effects
12 9 (0.38%) Adobe XD
12 9 (0.38%) InfoPath
13 5 (0.21%) Chatbot
13 5 (0.21%) InDesign
13 5 (0.21%) OmniGraffle
14 3 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
15 2 (0.085%) Doxygen
15 2 (0.085%) LaTeX
15 2 (0.085%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 43 (1.82%) Magento
2 32 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
3 20 (0.85%) Shopify
4 12 (0.51%) Oracle ERP
5 6 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
6 5 (0.21%) assyst
7 4 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.17%) NetSuite
7 4 (0.17%) Visualfiles
8 3 (0.13%) OpenCart
8 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 2 (0.085%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.085%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 1 (0.042%) Eloqua
10 1 (0.042%) Oracle Applications
10 1 (0.042%) Remedy ITSM
10 1 (0.042%) SAP Retail
10 1 (0.042%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.042%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 344 (14.57%) Azure
2 198 (8.39%) AWS
3 92 (3.90%) GitHub
4 78 (3.30%) GCP
5 60 (2.54%) npm
6 55 (2.33%) SaaS
7 46 (1.95%) Serverless
8 40 (1.69%) PaaS
9 27 (1.14%) Power Platform
10 26 (1.10%) Office 365
11 25 (1.06%) Google Analytics
12 23 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
13 22 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
14 20 (0.85%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 18 (0.76%) OpenShift
16 16 (0.68%) Dynamics 365
17 13 (0.55%) Azure Functions
18 10 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
18 10 (0.42%) Logic Apps
18 10 (0.42%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 54 (2.29%) HTTP
2 27 (1.14%) Internet
3 20 (0.85%) DNS
4 17 (0.72%) Intranet
5 16 (0.68%) SSL
6 13 (0.55%) RTMP
7 12 (0.51%) HTTPS
8 10 (0.42%) Firewall
9 8 (0.34%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.34%) TCP/IP
10 6 (0.25%) Skype
11 5 (0.21%) AMQP
11 5 (0.21%) DHCP
11 5 (0.21%) DKIM
11 5 (0.21%) DSL
12 4 (0.17%) SNMP
13 3 (0.13%) DOCSIS
13 3 (0.13%) Network Security
13 3 (0.13%) SMS
13 3 (0.13%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 378 (16.01%) SQL Server
2 168 (7.12%) MySQL
3 122 (5.17%) Relational Database
4 94 (3.98%) MongoDB
4 94 (3.98%) NoSQL
5 82 (3.47%) PostgreSQL
6 52 (2.20%) Big Data
7 51 (2.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 33 (1.40%) Redis
9 30 (1.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 28 (1.19%) RDBMS
11 18 (0.76%) Apache Cassandra
11 18 (0.76%) Oracle Database
12 17 (0.72%) Azure SQL Database
13 15 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
13 15 (0.64%) DB2
14 13 (0.55%) SQL Server 2008
15 12 (0.51%) Cosmos DB
15 12 (0.51%) Power BI
16 11 (0.47%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 493 (20.88%) Git (software)
2 175 (7.41%) Jenkins
3 122 (5.17%) JIRA
4 119 (5.04%) gulp
5 102 (4.32%) Grunt
6 101 (4.28%) Selenium
7 94 (3.98%) Visual Studio
8 92 (3.90%) webpack
9 83 (3.52%) Subversion
10 78 (3.30%) Jasmine
11 70 (2.96%) Team Foundation Server
12 64 (2.71%) Maven
13 51 (2.16%) JUnit
14 45 (1.91%) Mocha
15 40 (1.69%) git-flow
16 39 (1.65%) TeamCity
17 37 (1.57%) Cucumber
18 36 (1.52%) Axure RP
19 31 (1.31%) Ant
19 31 (1.31%) Postman
General
1 272 (11.52%) Finance
2 176 (7.45%) Public Sector
3 147 (6.23%) Banking
4 85 (3.60%) Marketing
5 58 (2.46%) Investment Banking
6 52 (2.20%) Retail
7 51 (2.16%) Front Office
8 34 (1.44%) Law
9 33 (1.40%) Publishing
10 29 (1.23%) Games
11 21 (0.89%) Telecoms
12 13 (0.55%) Advertising
13 11 (0.47%) Legal
13 11 (0.47%) Local Government
13 11 (0.47%) Manufacturing
14 10 (0.42%) Financial Institution
14 10 (0.42%) Retail Banking
15 8 (0.34%) Automotive
15 8 (0.34%) Electronics
16 7 (0.30%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,708 (72.34%) Developer
2 430 (18.21%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 246 (10.42%) Full Stack Developer
4 232 (9.83%) .NET Developer
5 228 (9.66%) JavaScript Developer
6 225 (9.53%) React Developer
7 197 (8.34%) Designer
8 156 (6.61%) Angular Developer
9 151 (6.40%) HTML Developer
9 151 (6.40%) Java Developer
10 145 (6.14%) C# Developer
11 126 (5.34%) Senior Developer
12 99 (4.19%) UI Developer
13 94 (3.98%) Web Developer
14 82 (3.47%) C# .NET Developer
15 74 (3.13%) UX Designer
16 68 (2.88%) Software Developer
17 67 (2.84%) PHP Developer
18 61 (2.58%) Architect
19 60 (2.54%) HTML CSS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,851 (78.40%) CSS
2 832 (35.24%) HTML5
3 619 (26.22%) AngularJS
4 580 (24.57%) .NET
5 560 (23.72%) React
6 408 (17.28%) CSS3
7 390 (16.52%) Node.js
8 366 (15.50%) jQuery
9 300 (12.71%) Sass
10 285 (12.07%) Web Services
11 258 (10.93%) XML
12 257 (10.89%) ASP.NET
13 239 (10.12%) REST
14 224 (9.49%) RESTful
15 175 (7.41%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 169 (7.16%) JSON
17 168 (7.12%) Redux
18 160 (6.78%) .NET Framework
19 136 (5.76%) Spring
20 134 (5.68%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 440 (18.64%) User Experience
2 127 (5.38%) Analytical Skills
3 99 (4.19%) Greenfield Project
4 95 (4.02%) Mobile App
5 49 (2.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 48 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
7 42 (1.78%) Data Structures
8 37 (1.57%) W3C
9 36 (1.52%) Fixed Income
10 34 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
11 28 (1.19%) Management Information System
12 24 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
13 21 (0.89%) Cloud Native
14 20 (0.85%) Derivative
15 18 (0.76%) Animation
15 18 (0.76%) Public Cloud
15 18 (0.76%) Virtual Team
16 14 (0.59%) Blog
16 14 (0.59%) Graphic Design
16 14 (0.59%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 203 (8.60%) Linux
2 130 (5.51%) Windows
3 82 (3.47%) Unix
4 65 (2.75%) Android
5 54 (2.29%) Apple iOS
6 40 (1.69%) Windows Server
7 37 (1.57%) Mac OS X
8 13 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
10 10 (0.42%) CentOS
10 10 (0.42%) Windows 10
11 8 (0.34%) AIX
12 7 (0.30%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.13%) Ubuntu
14 3 (0.13%) VMS
15 2 (0.085%) Debian
15 2 (0.085%) Windows 7
15 2 (0.085%) Windows Server 2003
15 2 (0.085%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 996 (42.19%) Agile Software Development
2 586 (24.82%) Front End Development
3 362 (15.33%) TDD
4 335 (14.19%) Web Development
5 302 (12.79%) DevOps
6 274 (11.61%) Scrum
6 274 (11.61%) Test Automation
7 270 (11.44%) MVC
8 210 (8.89%) Continuous Integration
9 206 (8.73%) Microservices
10 204 (8.64%) OO
11 187 (7.92%) Unit Testing
12 186 (7.88%) Problem-Solving
13 170 (7.20%) Software Engineering
14 150 (6.35%) E-Commerce
15 149 (6.31%) BDD
16 142 (6.01%) Responsive Web Design
17 132 (5.59%) Web Design
18 130 (5.51%) SDLC
19 123 (5.21%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,771 (75.01%) JavaScript
2 540 (22.87%) C#
3 492 (20.84%) Java
4 487 (20.63%) SQL
5 262 (11.10%) TypeScript
6 189 (8.01%) PHP
7 180 (7.62%) Python
8 136 (5.76%) ES6
9 81 (3.43%) T-SQL
10 57 (2.41%) PL/SQL
11 52 (2.20%) PowerShell
12 49 (2.08%) Java 8
13 45 (1.91%) Ruby
14 44 (1.86%) C
15 32 (1.36%) Kotlin
15 32 (1.36%) Scala
15 32 (1.36%) VB.NET
16 30 (1.27%) C++
17 29 (1.23%) Apex Code
18 28 (1.19%) VBA
Qualifications
1 212 (8.98%) Security Cleared
2 186 (7.88%) Degree
3 146 (6.18%) SC Cleared
4 65 (2.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (1.48%) BPSS Clearance
6 28 (1.19%) DV Cleared
7 19 (0.80%) DBS Check
7 19 (0.80%) Microsoft Certification
8 16 (0.68%) Master's Degree
9 10 (0.42%) MCITP
10 6 (0.25%) ISTQB
10 6 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 6 (0.25%) MCAD
10 6 (0.25%) MCPD
11 5 (0.21%) MCSD
12 4 (0.17%) CCNP
12 4 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.17%) MCSE
13 3 (0.13%) CCNA
13 3 (0.13%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (4.11%) WCAG
2 89 (3.77%) QA
3 14 (0.59%) GDPR
4 12 (0.51%) WAI
5 9 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.17%) Government Security Classifications
7 3 (0.13%) SLA
8 2 (0.085%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.085%) HL7
8 2 (0.085%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.085%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.085%) PMO
9 1 (0.042%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.042%) MiFID
System Software
1 168 (7.12%) Docker
2 54 (2.29%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.38%) RACF
4 7 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.042%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.042%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.042%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 114 (4.83%) Kubernetes
2 42 (1.78%) Terraform
3 29 (1.23%) Ansible
4 22 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
5 19 (0.80%) Kibana
6 11 (0.47%) Puppet
7 8 (0.34%) SCCM
7 8 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
8 6 (0.25%) Grafana
9 5 (0.21%) Tivoli
9 5 (0.21%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 4 (0.17%) Istio
10 4 (0.17%) SCOM
11 3 (0.13%) Consul
11 3 (0.13%) MIIS
11 3 (0.13%) Packer
12 2 (0.085%) Jamf Pro
12 2 (0.085%) logstash
12 2 (0.085%) OpenNebula
12 2 (0.085%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 245 (10.38%) Microsoft
2 193 (8.17%) Oracle
3 94 (3.98%) Adobe
4 84 (3.56%) Google
5 67 (2.84%) Salesforce.com
6 36 (1.52%) SAP
7 28 (1.19%) IBM
8 23 (0.97%) Sitecore
9 20 (0.85%) hybris
9 20 (0.85%) Red Hat
10 18 (0.76%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
11 16 (0.68%) ServiceNow
11 16 (0.68%) Sybase
12 15 (0.64%) StreamSets
13 14 (0.59%) Atlassian
14 12 (0.51%) Databricks
14 12 (0.51%) Xamarin
15 11 (0.47%) IFS
16 10 (0.42%) Demandware
16 10 (0.42%) HP