Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 43 28 18
Rank change year-on-year -15 -10 -7
Contract jobs citing HTML 2,574 3,556 7,589
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.92% 5.96% 7.87%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.26% 19.82% 23.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,780 2,512 5,542
10th Percentile £293 £304 £313
25th Percentile £363 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £450
75th Percentile £538 £538 £538
90th Percentile £607 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £413
% change year-on-year - -3.03% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 32 75
10th Percentile £22.97 £21.28 £17.55
25th Percentile £31.44 £25.68 £25.58
Median hourly rate £42.75 £47.12 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -9.26% +4.70% +63.64%
75th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £55.00
90th Percentile £58.71 £54.88 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £45.00 £49.25
% change year-on-year -11.11% -8.63% +20.12%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,833 17,937 31,746
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.29% 30.08% 32.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,310 12,628 22,718
10th Percentile £325 £331 £325
25th Percentile £405 £410 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £588 £579 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £438
% change year-on-year -5.56% +2.86% +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 168 279
10th Percentile £23.70 £18.79 £17.90
25th Percentile £33.75 £29.74 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +8.07%
75th Percentile £57.50 £54.06 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.60 £71.13 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +3.66%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Daily rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 2,047 £455 +1.00% 1,973
London -15 1,176 £500 - 576
UK excluding London 0 960 £400 - 1,537
Work from Home -14 856 £450 +12.50% 469
North of England +2 230 £403 - 480
South East -9 215 £395 -4.18% 294
Scotland +1 180 £413 -2.94% 74
Midlands -4 153 £365 -8.75% 318
North West +6 137 £375 -6.25% 272
South West -14 97 £435 +8.75% 195
West Midlands -25 79 £375 -6.25% 183
East Midlands +15 69 £350 -6.67% 135
Yorkshire -16 69 £425 - 156
East of England -23 46 £417 +4.22% 108
Wales -7 29 £406 -4.41% 53
North East +24 24 £465 +9.41% 52
Northern Ireland +3 10 £431 -4.49% 17

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 2,076 (80.65%) CSS
2 1,860 (72.26%) JavaScript
3 1,040 (40.40%) Agile Software Development
4 812 (31.55%) HTML5
5 679 (26.38%) AngularJS
6 660 (25.64%) React
7 634 (24.63%) Front End Development
8 505 (19.62%) Git (software)
9 503 (19.54%) Java
10 494 (19.19%) User Experience
11 488 (18.96%) SQL
12 478 (18.57%) Node.js
13 467 (18.14%) Azure
14 460 (17.87%) .NET
15 446 (17.33%) CSS3
16 404 (15.70%) C#
17 399 (15.50%) jQuery
17 399 (15.50%) TypeScript
18 383 (14.88%) DevOps
19 367 (14.26%) REST
20 360 (13.99%) Web Development
21 349 (13.56%) TDD
22 315 (12.24%) AWS
23 302 (11.73%) Web Services
24 291 (11.31%) Finance
25 289 (11.23%) Sass
26 278 (10.80%) Microservices
27 273 (10.61%) MVC
28 262 (10.18%) Jenkins
29 260 (10.10%) Software Engineering

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (4.97%) CMS
2 82 (3.19%) WordPress
3 73 (2.84%) Apache
3 73 (2.84%) SharePoint
4 71 (2.76%) Confluence
5 40 (1.55%) IIS
6 36 (1.40%) Drupal
7 35 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
8 34 (1.32%) Tomcat
9 30 (1.17%) WebLogic
10 26 (1.01%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 26 (1.01%) Red Hat Fuse
11 23 (0.89%) Umbraco
12 17 (0.66%) JBoss
13 16 (0.62%) CICS
14 15 (0.58%) Apache Spark
14 15 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
14 15 (0.58%) Jadu
14 15 (0.58%) WebSphere
15 14 (0.54%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 45 (1.75%) Photoshop
2 40 (1.55%) Sketch
3 28 (1.09%) Microsoft Office
4 26 (1.01%) InVision
5 24 (0.93%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 21 (0.82%) Adobe Illustrator
7 18 (0.70%) Adobe XD
7 18 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
7 18 (0.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 17 (0.66%) Chatbot
9 15 (0.58%) Figma
10 13 (0.51%) Adobe After Effects
11 11 (0.43%) Adobe Premiere
12 9 (0.35%) InfoPath
13 7 (0.27%) CINEMA 4D
14 6 (0.23%) Zeplin
15 5 (0.19%) OmniGraffle
16 4 (0.16%) Adobe Captivate
16 4 (0.16%) MS Visio
16 4 (0.16%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 50 (1.94%) Magento
2 34 (1.32%) Dynamics CRM
3 33 (1.28%) Shopify
4 11 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.16%) Maximo
6 4 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.16%) Teamcenter
7 3 (0.12%) Aligne
7 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.078%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.078%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.078%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.078%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.039%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.039%) Dynamics GP
9 1 (0.039%) Eloqua
9 1 (0.039%) Exstream
9 1 (0.039%) SAP SRM
9 1 (0.039%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 467 (18.14%) Azure
2 315 (12.24%) AWS
3 108 (4.20%) GitHub
4 98 (3.81%) Serverless
5 69 (2.68%) PaaS
6 62 (2.41%) Power Platform
7 59 (2.29%) SaaS
8 55 (2.14%) AWS Lambda
9 54 (2.10%) AWS CloudFormation
9 54 (2.10%) npm
10 52 (2.02%) Amazon S3
10 52 (2.02%) Microsoft 365
11 49 (1.90%) GCP
12 43 (1.67%) Google Analytics
13 37 (1.44%) PowerApps
14 34 (1.32%) Dynamics 365
15 24 (0.93%) Azure Functions
15 24 (0.93%) OpenShift
16 22 (0.85%) Logic Apps
17 21 (0.82%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 73 (2.84%) HTTP
2 24 (0.93%) SSL
3 20 (0.78%) Internet
4 14 (0.54%) TCP/IP
5 11 (0.43%) HTTPS
6 10 (0.39%) DNS
6 10 (0.39%) FTP
6 10 (0.39%) Intranet
6 10 (0.39%) VPN
7 8 (0.31%) SSH
8 6 (0.23%) Firewall
9 4 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
9 4 (0.16%) ZigBee
10 3 (0.12%) AMQP
10 3 (0.12%) BIG-IP
10 3 (0.12%) Bluetooth
10 3 (0.12%) IPFS
10 3 (0.12%) POP3
10 3 (0.12%) SMTP
11 2 (0.078%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 237 (9.21%) SQL Server
2 185 (7.19%) MySQL
3 135 (5.24%) MongoDB
4 123 (4.78%) Relational Database
5 115 (4.47%) PostgreSQL
6 108 (4.20%) NoSQL
7 33 (1.28%) Power BI
8 32 (1.24%) Azure SQL Database
8 32 (1.24%) Oracle Database
9 30 (1.17%) Redis
10 29 (1.13%) RDBMS
11 28 (1.09%) Big Data
12 26 (1.01%) Amazon Aurora
13 25 (0.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 24 (0.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 23 (0.89%) Data Warehouse
16 22 (0.85%) Cosmos DB
17 17 (0.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 14 (0.54%) Data Lake
18 14 (0.54%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 505 (19.62%) Git (software)
2 262 (10.18%) Jenkins
3 178 (6.92%) JIRA
4 166 (6.45%) webpack
5 97 (3.77%) Maven
6 85 (3.30%) gulp
7 75 (2.91%) Cypress.io
8 73 (2.84%) Jasmine
8 73 (2.84%) Visual Studio
9 70 (2.72%) JUnit
10 62 (2.41%) SonarQube
11 59 (2.29%) Selenium
12 57 (2.21%) Grunt
13 50 (1.94%) Mocha
14 49 (1.90%) Cucumber
15 43 (1.67%) Gradle
15 43 (1.67%) Subversion
16 42 (1.63%) GitLab
17 40 (1.55%) Team Foundation Server
18 37 (1.44%) Eclipse
General
1 291 (11.31%) Finance
2 180 (6.99%) Public Sector
3 170 (6.60%) Banking
4 154 (5.98%) Marketing
5 72 (2.80%) Retail
6 54 (2.10%) Law
7 53 (2.06%) Investment Banking
8 37 (1.44%) Front Office
9 36 (1.40%) Telecoms
10 30 (1.17%) Legal
11 27 (1.05%) Manufacturing
12 23 (0.89%) Advertising
12 23 (0.89%) Publishing
13 17 (0.66%) Local Government
14 15 (0.58%) French Language
15 14 (0.54%) Electronics
16 13 (0.51%) Games
17 12 (0.47%) Retail Banking
18 10 (0.39%) Back Office
19 9 (0.35%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,907 (74.09%) Developer
2 447 (17.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 282 (10.96%) React Developer
4 269 (10.45%) Full Stack Developer
5 199 (7.73%) Senior Developer
6 180 (6.99%) Designer
7 178 (6.92%) JavaScript Developer
8 168 (6.53%) Angular Developer
9 167 (6.49%) Java Developer
10 164 (6.37%) .NET Developer
11 102 (3.96%) C# Developer
11 102 (3.96%) HTML Developer
12 100 (3.89%) PHP Developer
13 87 (3.38%) UI Developer
14 86 (3.34%) Web Developer
15 77 (2.99%) ServiceNow Developer
16 76 (2.95%) Architect
16 76 (2.95%) Node.js Developer
17 74 (2.87%) UX Designer
18 73 (2.84%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,076 (80.65%) CSS
2 812 (31.55%) HTML5
3 679 (26.38%) AngularJS
4 660 (25.64%) React
5 478 (18.57%) Node.js
6 460 (17.87%) .NET
7 446 (17.33%) CSS3
8 399 (15.50%) jQuery
9 367 (14.26%) REST
10 302 (11.73%) Web Services
11 289 (11.23%) Sass
12 257 (9.98%) XML
13 249 (9.67%) RESTful
14 248 (9.63%) Redux
15 240 (9.32%) Spring
16 237 (9.21%) JSON
17 210 (8.16%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 182 (7.07%) Vue.js
19 175 (6.80%) ASP.NET
20 146 (5.67%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 494 (19.19%) User Experience
2 167 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
3 153 (5.94%) Greenfield Project
4 141 (5.48%) Mobile App
5 75 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
6 70 (2.72%) Data Structures
7 65 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
8 51 (1.98%) Social Media
9 47 (1.83%) Algorithms
10 37 (1.44%) Clustering
11 31 (1.20%) Animation
12 28 (1.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 25 (0.97%) Graphic Design
13 25 (0.97%) Virtual Team
14 21 (0.82%) Public Cloud
15 20 (0.78%) Hedge funds
16 18 (0.70%) Cloud Native
16 18 (0.70%) NHS
16 18 (0.70%) W3C
17 16 (0.62%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 152 (5.91%) Linux
2 79 (3.07%) Android
3 72 (2.80%) Windows
4 71 (2.76%) Apple iOS
5 66 (2.56%) Unix
6 26 (1.01%) Ubuntu
7 18 (0.70%) CentOS
8 17 (0.66%) Mac OS X
9 16 (0.62%) Windows Server
10 15 (0.58%) Mac OS
11 13 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.39%) Windows Server 2016
13 8 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
14 7 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 6 (0.23%) Windows 10
15 6 (0.23%) zOS
16 5 (0.19%) Debian
17 4 (0.16%) VMS
17 4 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
18 3 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,040 (40.40%) Agile Software Development
2 634 (24.63%) Front End Development
3 383 (14.88%) DevOps
4 360 (13.99%) Web Development
5 349 (13.56%) TDD
6 278 (10.80%) Microservices
7 273 (10.61%) MVC
8 260 (10.10%) Software Engineering
9 242 (9.40%) Scrum
10 228 (8.86%) Continuous Integration
11 225 (8.74%) Test Automation
12 208 (8.08%) OO
13 178 (6.92%) Problem-Solving
14 170 (6.60%) Unit Testing
15 148 (5.75%) E-Commerce
16 145 (5.63%) Analytics
17 134 (5.21%) Web Design
18 131 (5.09%) Open Source
19 128 (4.97%) BDD
19 128 (4.97%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,860 (72.26%) JavaScript
2 503 (19.54%) Java
3 488 (18.96%) SQL
4 404 (15.70%) C#
5 399 (15.50%) TypeScript
6 249 (9.67%) PHP
7 226 (8.78%) Python
8 159 (6.18%) ES6
9 83 (3.22%) Java 8
10 78 (3.03%) PL/SQL
11 67 (2.60%) PowerShell
12 49 (1.90%) Ruby
13 41 (1.59%) Scala
14 39 (1.52%) C++
15 38 (1.48%) Bash Shell
16 33 (1.28%) T-SQL
17 31 (1.20%) Kotlin
18 30 (1.17%) C
19 28 (1.09%) Go
20 24 (0.93%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 195 (7.58%) Security Cleared
2 163 (6.33%) SC Cleared
3 150 (5.83%) Degree
4 52 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
6 15 (0.58%) DV Cleared
7 13 (0.51%) Master's Degree
8 10 (0.39%) AWS Certification
9 7 (0.27%) ISTQB
10 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.12%) CISSP
11 3 (0.12%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.078%) CCNA
12 2 (0.078%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.078%) ITIL Certification
13 1 (0.039%) HNC
13 1 (0.039%) ISEB
13 1 (0.039%) MCSA
13 1 (0.039%) PhD
13 1 (0.039%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (3.65%) QA
2 59 (2.29%) WCAG
3 18 (0.70%) GDPR
4 9 (0.35%) SLA
5 5 (0.19%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.19%) MiFID
5 5 (0.19%) PMO
5 5 (0.19%) WAI
6 4 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.078%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.078%) NCSC
8 2 (0.078%) NIST
8 2 (0.078%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.078%) Section 508
9 1 (0.039%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.039%) Government Security Classifications
9 1 (0.039%) GRC
9 1 (0.039%) HL7
System Software
1 238 (9.25%) Docker
2 32 (1.24%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.39%) Time Sharing Option
4 5 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.12%) OpenAM
5 3 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.078%) OpenDJ
6 2 (0.078%) OpenIDM
6 2 (0.078%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.039%) HDFS
7 1 (0.039%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.039%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.039%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 110 (4.27%) Kubernetes
2 26 (1.01%) Terraform
3 25 (0.97%) Puppet
4 21 (0.82%) Single Sign-On
5 20 (0.78%) Grafana
6 19 (0.74%) Ansible
7 13 (0.51%) Kibana
8 6 (0.23%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (0.19%) HP ALM
9 5 (0.19%) Icinga
9 5 (0.19%) Prometheus
10 4 (0.16%) Nessus
10 4 (0.16%) Salt
11 2 (0.078%) PowerCLI
11 2 (0.078%) Rancher
12 1 (0.039%) cPanel
12 1 (0.039%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.039%) Istio
12 1 (0.039%) logstash
12 1 (0.039%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 226 (8.78%) Microsoft
2 204 (7.93%) Oracle
3 105 (4.08%) Adobe
4 93 (3.61%) Google
5 89 (3.46%) ServiceNow
6 75 (2.91%) Salesforce.com
7 46 (1.79%) SAP
8 24 (0.93%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
8 24 (0.93%) Sitecore
9 18 (0.70%) hybris
9 18 (0.70%) Nintex
9 18 (0.70%) VMware
10 17 (0.66%) Optimizely
11 15 (0.58%) Splunk
11 15 (0.58%) Zend
12 13 (0.51%) Red Hat
13 12 (0.47%) Atlassian
13 12 (0.47%) DevExpress
13 12 (0.47%) MuleSoft
13 12 (0.47%) WooCommerce