Period
to 18 December 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 28,564 27,026 24,965
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.24% 26.16% 24.52%
As % of the Job Titles category 28.77% 27.56% 25.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,243 20,053 17,934
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £638 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 155 210 240
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.06 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.06% +5.14% +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.85 £22.44 £19.92
90th Percentile £60.63 £63.75 £56.87
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.75 £42.06 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.03% +5.14% +6.67%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 99,293 98,050 96,502
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.70% 94.93% 94.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 65,685 65,027 62,959
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £270 £260 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £398
% change year-on-year +6.25% +0.63% +6.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,050 2,868 3,272
UK median hourly rate £18.53 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.91% +3.89% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.76 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.76 £17.50
% change year-on-year -1.44% +1.46% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 26,289 £475 +5.56% 8,264
London 0 14,805 £525 +5.00% 3,091
UK excluding London 0 13,310 £425 +6.25% 5,719
South East 0 4,066 £440 +10.00% 1,294
North of England 0 3,116 £400 +5.26% 1,647
Midlands 0 1,707 £405 +7.87% 953
North West 0 1,592 £390 +4.00% 877
South West -1 1,531 £425 +9.68% 678
Scotland +1 1,331 £400 +5.26% 319
Yorkshire 0 1,271 £400 +1.91% 601
West Midlands 0 1,044 £413 +10.00% 549
East of England 0 982 £438 +12.90% 603
East Midlands 0 653 £400 +6.67% 402
Wales 0 479 £425 +13.33% 178
North East +13 252 £390 +2.63% 169
Northern Ireland -1 119 £412 -3.06% 50
Isle of Man +1 9 £348 +36.27%
Channel Islands - 8 £425 -

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 11,832 (41.42%) Agile Software Development
2 9,855 (34.50%) JavaScript
3 8,969 (31.40%) Java
4 7,006 (24.53%) HTML
5 6,754 (23.65%) SQL
6 6,641 (23.25%) C#
7 6,406 (22.43%) CSS
8 6,313 (22.10%) .NET
9 6,229 (21.81%) TDD
10 5,048 (17.67%) AngularJS
11 5,023 (17.59%) Finance
12 4,332 (15.17%) SQL Server
13 4,233 (14.82%) Git (software)
14 3,795 (13.29%) React
15 3,656 (12.80%) Spring
16 3,655 (12.80%) Microservices
17 3,476 (12.17%) MVC
18 3,296 (11.54%) Node.js
19 3,283 (11.49%) Scrum
20 3,158 (11.06%) REST
21 3,155 (11.05%) HTML5
22 3,077 (10.77%) Microsoft Azure
23 2,962 (10.37%) Front End Development
24 2,828 (9.90%) Amazon AWS
24 2,828 (9.90%) Continuous Integration
25 2,801 (9.81%) Web Services
26 2,772 (9.70%) BDD
27 2,697 (9.44%) Test Automation
28 2,659 (9.31%) Banking
29 2,621 (9.18%) ASP.NET

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 782 (2.74%) Confluence
2 772 (2.70%) CMS
3 740 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
4 569 (1.99%) Tomcat
5 543 (1.90%) Apache Spark
6 524 (1.83%) Apache
7 518 (1.81%) SharePoint
8 491 (1.72%) WebSphere
9 435 (1.52%) WebLogic
10 319 (1.12%) JBoss
11 282 (0.99%) WordPress
12 270 (0.95%) Drupal
13 221 (0.77%) Mule
14 218 (0.76%) Umbraco
15 193 (0.68%) IIS
16 189 (0.66%) OpenStack
17 175 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 160 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 138 (0.48%) SAS
20 134 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 485 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 178 (0.62%) Photoshop
3 118 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
4 78 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
5 46 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 39 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
7 38 (0.13%) Chatbot
8 33 (0.12%) Fireworks
9 32 (0.11%) MS Visio
10 29 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 29 (0.10%) InfoPath
11 18 (0.063%) InVision
12 9 (0.032%) GIMP
13 7 (0.025%) Maya
14 6 (0.021%) InDesign
15 5 (0.018%) 3ds Max
16 4 (0.014%) Adobe After Effects
16 4 (0.014%) Adobe Captivate
16 4 (0.014%) EngageOne
16 4 (0.014%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 450 (1.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 177 (0.62%) Magento
3 71 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
4 61 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
5 47 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
6 46 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
7 37 (0.13%) ION MarketView
8 36 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 36 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 34 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
9 34 (0.12%) Markit EDM
10 31 (0.11%) NetSuite
11 30 (0.11%) Endur
12 29 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
13 26 (0.091%) Oracle ERP
13 26 (0.091%) Shopify
14 25 (0.088%) Oracle General Ledger
15 22 (0.077%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 22 (0.077%) Cognos TM1
16 21 (0.074%) Hyperion Planning
Cloud Services
1 3,077 (10.77%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,828 (9.90%) Amazon AWS
3 764 (2.67%) GitHub
4 524 (1.83%) Serverless
5 446 (1.56%) Google Cloud Platform
6 345 (1.21%) npm
7 306 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
8 289 (1.01%) SaaS
9 278 (0.97%) Dynamics 365
10 264 (0.92%) PaaS
11 220 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
12 197 (0.69%) Office 365
13 175 (0.61%) Amazon S3
14 144 (0.50%) Azure Data Factory
15 127 (0.44%) Heroku
16 122 (0.43%) Amazon SQS
17 117 (0.41%) OpenShift
18 110 (0.39%) IaaS
19 103 (0.36%) Apigee
19 103 (0.36%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 585 (2.05%) HTTP
2 253 (0.89%) Internet
3 217 (0.76%) TCP/IP
4 175 (0.61%) SSL
5 83 (0.29%) DNS
6 76 (0.27%) Intranet
7 72 (0.25%) AMQP
7 72 (0.25%) FTP
8 71 (0.25%) Kerberos
9 57 (0.20%) Firewall
10 54 (0.19%) SMS
11 53 (0.19%) SSH
12 45 (0.16%) Bluetooth
13 40 (0.14%) HTTPS
13 40 (0.14%) Skype
14 39 (0.14%) SMTP
15 29 (0.10%) SNMP
16 25 (0.088%) Reverse Proxy
17 24 (0.084%) DHCP
18 23 (0.081%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,332 (15.17%) SQL Server
2 1,740 (6.09%) NoSQL
3 1,599 (5.60%) MySQL
4 1,517 (5.31%) Relational Database
5 1,371 (4.80%) MongoDB
6 1,266 (4.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1,186 (4.15%) PostgreSQL
8 1,168 (4.09%) Data Warehouse
9 1,008 (3.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 785 (2.75%) Big Data
11 683 (2.39%) Hadoop
12 671 (2.35%) Power BI
13 556 (1.95%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 540 (1.89%) RDBMS
15 499 (1.75%) Oracle Database
16 487 (1.70%) Apache Cassandra
17 355 (1.24%) Redis
18 333 (1.17%) SQL Server 2016
19 299 (1.05%) SQL Server 2012
20 279 (0.98%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 4,233 (14.82%) Git (software)
2 2,389 (8.36%) Jenkins
3 1,711 (5.99%) JIRA
4 1,433 (5.02%) Maven
5 1,051 (3.68%) JUnit
6 889 (3.11%) Visual Studio
7 887 (3.11%) Subversion
8 872 (3.05%) Selenium
9 708 (2.48%) Cucumber
10 701 (2.45%) Team Foundation Server
11 671 (2.35%) TeamCity
12 608 (2.13%) gulp
13 564 (1.97%) webpack
14 434 (1.52%) Gradle
15 427 (1.49%) Jasmine
16 420 (1.47%) NUnit
17 409 (1.43%) Mockito
18 403 (1.41%) Visual Studio Team System
19 399 (1.40%) Grunt
20 364 (1.27%) Eclipse
General
1 5,023 (17.59%) Finance
2 2,659 (9.31%) Banking
3 1,306 (4.57%) Front Office
4 879 (3.08%) Retail
5 797 (2.79%) Investment Banking
6 507 (1.77%) Marketing
7 416 (1.46%) Telecoms
8 360 (1.26%) Games
9 255 (0.89%) Manufacturing
10 252 (0.88%) Back Office
11 245 (0.86%) Law
12 241 (0.84%) Advertising
13 214 (0.75%) Financial Institution
14 192 (0.67%) Legal
15 188 (0.66%) Publishing
16 156 (0.55%) Electronics
17 94 (0.33%) Automotive
18 82 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
19 70 (0.25%) Billing
20 49 (0.17%) General Ledger
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,006 (24.53%) HTML
2 6,406 (22.43%) CSS
3 6,313 (22.10%) .NET
4 5,048 (17.67%) AngularJS
5 3,795 (13.29%) React
6 3,656 (12.80%) Spring
7 3,296 (11.54%) Node.js
8 3,158 (11.06%) REST
9 3,155 (11.05%) HTML5
10 2,801 (9.81%) Web Services
11 2,621 (9.18%) ASP.NET
12 2,544 (8.91%) RESTful
13 2,308 (8.08%) jQuery
14 1,893 (6.63%) CSS3
15 1,800 (6.30%) Spring Boot
16 1,781 (6.24%) XML
17 1,712 (5.99%) JSON
18 1,569 (5.49%) .NET Framework
19 1,482 (5.19%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,373 (4.81%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 2,123 (7.43%) Greenfield Project
2 1,449 (5.07%) User Experience
3 1,109 (3.88%) Analytical Skills
4 829 (2.90%) Fintech
5 818 (2.86%) Mobile App
6 595 (2.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 572 (2.00%) Fixed Income
8 504 (1.76%) Derivative
9 469 (1.64%) Data Structures
10 456 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
11 452 (1.58%) Algorithms
12 386 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
13 372 (1.30%) Equities
14 283 (0.99%) Hedge funds
15 187 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
16 130 (0.46%) Equity Derivative
17 125 (0.44%) Virtual Team
18 119 (0.42%) Market Risk
19 117 (0.41%) NHS
20 115 (0.40%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,929 (6.75%) Linux
2 1,207 (4.23%) Unix
3 900 (3.15%) Android
4 882 (3.09%) Windows
5 768 (2.69%) Apple iOS
6 127 (0.44%) Windows Server
7 112 (0.39%) VMS
8 88 (0.31%) Solaris
9 84 (0.29%) Ubuntu
10 80 (0.28%) Mac OS X
11 75 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 71 (0.25%) CentOS
13 52 (0.18%) AIX
14 35 (0.12%) Mac OS
15 33 (0.12%) VME
16 32 (0.11%) Windows 10
17 31 (0.11%) Windows 7
18 30 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
19 25 (0.088%) Windows 8
20 21 (0.074%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,832 (41.42%) Agile Software Development
2 6,229 (21.81%) TDD
3 3,655 (12.80%) Microservices
4 3,476 (12.17%) MVC
5 3,283 (11.49%) Scrum
6 2,962 (10.37%) Front End Development
7 2,828 (9.90%) Continuous Integration
8 2,772 (9.70%) BDD
9 2,697 (9.44%) Test Automation
10 2,474 (8.66%) OO
11 2,361 (8.27%) DevOps
12 1,903 (6.66%) Web Development
13 1,772 (6.20%) Unit Testing
14 1,759 (6.16%) Software Engineering
15 1,695 (5.93%) Business Intelligence
16 1,500 (5.25%) Problem-Solving
17 1,413 (4.95%) E-Commerce
18 1,294 (4.53%) ETL
19 1,245 (4.36%) SDLC
20 1,172 (4.10%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 9,855 (34.50%) JavaScript
2 8,969 (31.40%) Java
3 6,754 (23.65%) SQL
4 6,641 (23.25%) C#
5 2,566 (8.98%) Python
6 2,300 (8.05%) Java 8
7 1,599 (5.60%) PHP
8 1,256 (4.40%) TypeScript
9 1,190 (4.17%) T-SQL
10 1,048 (3.67%) C++
11 1,020 (3.57%) Scala
12 938 (3.28%) ES6
13 740 (2.59%) PL/SQL
14 591 (2.07%) Ruby
15 506 (1.77%) C
16 403 (1.41%) PowerShell
17 399 (1.40%) Apple Swift
18 398 (1.39%) Shell Script
19 358 (1.25%) VBA
20 344 (1.20%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1,356 (4.75%) Security Cleared
2 1,167 (4.09%) Degree
3 1,031 (3.61%) SC Cleared
4 372 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 209 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
6 107 (0.37%) DV Cleared
7 71 (0.25%) Master's Degree
8 67 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
9 66 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
10 44 (0.15%) DBS Check
11 43 (0.15%) PhD
12 33 (0.12%) AWS Certification
13 24 (0.084%) MCSE
14 22 (0.077%) ISTQB
15 19 (0.067%) BC Cleared
15 19 (0.067%) CTC Cleared
16 16 (0.056%) Sun Certification
17 14 (0.049%) ISEB
17 14 (0.049%) Postgraduate
18 13 (0.046%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 744 (2.60%) QA
2 161 (0.56%) Data Quality
3 74 (0.26%) GDPR
4 71 (0.25%) WCAG
5 55 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
6 50 (0.18%) SLA
7 29 (0.10%) MiFID
8 26 (0.091%) PMO
9 22 (0.077%) IFRS
10 19 (0.067%) EMIR
11 18 (0.063%) HL7
12 15 (0.053%) IFRS 9
12 15 (0.053%) PSD2
13 12 (0.042%) WAI
14 11 (0.039%) Basel III
14 11 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
14 11 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 11 (0.039%) MISRA
15 10 (0.035%) ISO 9001
16 9 (0.032%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 2,590 (9.07%) Docker
2 129 (0.45%) HDFS
3 114 (0.40%) Active Directory
4 78 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 76 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
6 57 (0.20%) vSphere
7 31 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 28 (0.098%) OpenAM
9 24 (0.084%) Oracle RAC
10 23 (0.081%) Firmware
11 17 (0.060%) OpenDJ
12 16 (0.056%) Apache Flume
13 14 (0.049%) VirtualBox
14 11 (0.039%) Time Sharing Option
15 10 (0.035%) Hyper-V
15 10 (0.035%) KVM
16 6 (0.021%) Microsoft App-V
17 4 (0.014%) Squid
18 3 (0.011%) OpenIDM
18 3 (0.011%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 1,000 (3.50%) Kubernetes
2 787 (2.76%) Ansible
3 509 (1.78%) Puppet
4 421 (1.47%) Opscode Chef
5 330 (1.16%) Terraform
6 142 (0.50%) Kibana
7 106 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
8 103 (0.36%) Grafana
9 85 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
10 72 (0.25%) Cobbler
11 55 (0.19%) logstash
12 53 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
13 49 (0.17%) Prometheus
14 48 (0.17%) Mesos
15 29 (0.10%) Graphite
15 29 (0.10%) Marathon
16 28 (0.098%) Control-M
17 24 (0.084%) Rancher
18 23 (0.081%) CA Single Sign-On
19 22 (0.077%) CloudHub
Vendors
1 2,604 (9.12%) Oracle
2 2,527 (8.85%) Microsoft
3 774 (2.71%) Google
4 520 (1.82%) SAP
5 381 (1.33%) Tableau
6 379 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
7 378 (1.32%) IBM
8 334 (1.17%) Adobe
9 266 (0.93%) MuleSoft
10 228 (0.80%) Sitecore
11 205 (0.72%) Splunk
12 202 (0.71%) ServiceNow
13 189 (0.66%) Informatica
14 187 (0.65%) Atlassian
15 186 (0.65%) Xamarin
16 181 (0.63%) Sybase
17 142 (0.50%) TIBCO
18 141 (0.49%) Talend
19 129 (0.45%) Apple
20 120 (0.42%) Teradata