Period
to 23 October 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £463 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 28,480 26,621 25,304
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.53% 26.57% 24.01%
As % of the Job Titles category 29.06% 27.98% 25.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,986 19,584 18,167
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +8.43% +3.75%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £294
90th Percentile £625 £625 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +6.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 157 219 245
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.41% +10.67%
10th Percentile £19.90 £25.00 £21.25
90th Percentile £60.38 £63.75 £59.09
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 98,006 95,137 99,937
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.74% 94.95% 94.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 64,458 62,516 65,127
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £268 £263 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £418 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +4.38% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,140 2,832 3,269
UK median hourly rate £17.99 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.82% +3.89% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.49
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.75 £47.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 26,337 £475 +5.56% 9,569
London 0 14,879 £524 +4.75% 3,647
UK excluding London -1 13,194 £413 +3.13% 6,479
South East -1 3,907 £425 +6.25% 1,530
North of England -1 3,267 £400 +3.90% 1,909
Midlands 0 1,795 £400 +6.67% 1,041
North West 0 1,628 £388 +3.33% 1,073
South West -1 1,448 £413 +6.45% 739
Yorkshire 0 1,371 £400 +1.91% 678
Scotland 0 1,285 £400 +5.26% 318
West Midlands 0 1,074 £411 +9.67% 588
East of England 0 969 £425 +6.25% 710
East Midlands -1 709 £400 +6.67% 452
Wales 0 412 £415 +10.67% 161
North East +7 268 £381 +0.17% 158
Northern Ireland 0 135 £430 +3.61% 76
Channel Islands - 6 £425 - 2
Isle of Man 0 5 £348 +36.27%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 11,684 (41.03%) Agile Software Development
2 9,995 (35.09%) JavaScript
3 8,845 (31.06%) Java
4 7,172 (25.18%) HTML
5 6,824 (23.96%) SQL
6 6,749 (23.70%) C#
7 6,605 (23.19%) CSS
8 6,243 (21.92%) .NET
9 6,154 (21.61%) TDD
10 5,202 (18.27%) AngularJS
11 5,071 (17.81%) Finance
12 4,266 (14.98%) SQL Server
13 4,209 (14.78%) Git (software)
14 3,735 (13.11%) React
15 3,550 (12.46%) Spring
16 3,526 (12.38%) MVC
17 3,472 (12.19%) Microservices
18 3,400 (11.94%) Scrum
19 3,291 (11.56%) HTML5
20 3,189 (11.20%) Node.js
21 3,016 (10.59%) REST
22 2,993 (10.51%) Front End Development
23 2,877 (10.10%) Microsoft Azure
24 2,835 (9.95%) Continuous Integration
25 2,805 (9.85%) Web Services
26 2,731 (9.59%) Banking
27 2,678 (9.40%) Amazon AWS
28 2,674 (9.39%) Python
29 2,660 (9.34%) BDD
30 2,641 (9.27%) ASP.NET

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 773 (2.71%) CMS
2 713 (2.50%) Confluence
3 699 (2.45%) Elasticsearch
4 614 (2.16%) Tomcat
5 567 (1.99%) Apache
6 555 (1.95%) Apache Spark
7 532 (1.87%) SharePoint
8 483 (1.70%) WebSphere
9 386 (1.36%) WebLogic
10 331 (1.16%) JBoss
11 324 (1.14%) WordPress
12 273 (0.96%) Drupal
13 221 (0.78%) Umbraco
14 216 (0.76%) IIS
15 209 (0.73%) Mule
16 203 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 172 (0.60%) OpenStack
18 150 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 138 (0.48%) SAS
20 125 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 442 (1.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 210 (0.74%) Photoshop
3 115 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
4 80 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
5 41 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
5 41 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 39 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 33 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 33 (0.12%) Fireworks
8 32 (0.11%) InfoPath
9 28 (0.098%) Chatbot
10 22 (0.077%) GIMP
10 22 (0.077%) InVision
11 6 (0.021%) Maya
12 5 (0.018%) 3ds Max
12 5 (0.018%) Acrobat
12 5 (0.018%) InDesign
12 5 (0.018%) SPSS
13 4 (0.014%) Adobe After Effects
13 4 (0.014%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 364 (1.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 192 (0.67%) Magento
3 76 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
4 63 (0.22%) ION MarketView
5 62 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
6 48 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
7 41 (0.14%) Markit EDM
8 35 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
9 34 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
10 33 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
11 31 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
12 30 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
13 26 (0.091%) Oracle General Ledger
13 26 (0.091%) Shopify
14 24 (0.084%) Oracle ERP
14 24 (0.084%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 23 (0.081%) Cognos TM1
16 22 (0.077%) Hyperion Planning
17 21 (0.074%) NetSuite
17 21 (0.074%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 2,877 (10.10%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,678 (9.40%) Amazon AWS
3 650 (2.28%) GitHub
4 463 (1.63%) Serverless
5 417 (1.46%) npm
6 375 (1.32%) Google Cloud Platform
7 259 (0.91%) AWS Lambda
8 252 (0.88%) PaaS
9 251 (0.88%) Dynamics 365
10 222 (0.78%) SaaS
11 217 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
12 204 (0.72%) Office 365
13 178 (0.63%) Amazon S3
14 127 (0.45%) Heroku
15 120 (0.42%) OpenShift
16 119 (0.42%) Cloud Computing
17 117 (0.41%) Amazon SQS
18 102 (0.36%) Azure Data Factory
19 97 (0.34%) IaaS
20 96 (0.34%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 595 (2.09%) HTTP
2 221 (0.78%) Internet
3 217 (0.76%) TCP/IP
4 166 (0.58%) SSL
5 95 (0.33%) SMS
6 82 (0.29%) AMQP
7 79 (0.28%) Kerberos
8 78 (0.27%) FTP
9 75 (0.26%) DNS
9 75 (0.26%) Intranet
10 52 (0.18%) Firewall
11 47 (0.17%) SSH
12 42 (0.15%) HTTPS
13 40 (0.14%) Bluetooth
14 37 (0.13%) SMTP
15 28 (0.098%) SNMP
16 25 (0.088%) Skype
17 23 (0.081%) Network Security
18 20 (0.070%) Broadband
18 20 (0.070%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,266 (14.98%) SQL Server
2 1,669 (5.86%) NoSQL
3 1,587 (5.57%) Relational Database
4 1,580 (5.55%) MySQL
5 1,327 (4.66%) MongoDB
6 1,296 (4.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1,238 (4.35%) PostgreSQL
8 1,155 (4.06%) Data Warehouse
9 1,019 (3.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 840 (2.95%) Big Data
11 696 (2.44%) Hadoop
12 571 (2.00%) Power BI
13 544 (1.91%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 535 (1.88%) RDBMS
15 485 (1.70%) Oracle Database
16 443 (1.56%) Apache Cassandra
17 339 (1.19%) Redis
18 319 (1.12%) SQL Server 2012
19 300 (1.05%) SQL Server 2016
20 285 (1.00%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 4,209 (14.78%) Git (software)
2 2,305 (8.09%) Jenkins
3 1,683 (5.91%) JIRA
4 1,406 (4.94%) Maven
5 1,005 (3.53%) JUnit
6 883 (3.10%) Visual Studio
7 861 (3.02%) Selenium
8 780 (2.74%) Subversion
9 716 (2.51%) Team Foundation Server
10 695 (2.44%) TeamCity
11 640 (2.25%) Cucumber
12 630 (2.21%) webpack
13 609 (2.14%) gulp
14 446 (1.57%) Jasmine
15 431 (1.51%) Gradle
16 419 (1.47%) NUnit
17 418 (1.47%) Grunt
18 398 (1.40%) Mockito
19 363 (1.27%) Bitbucket
20 345 (1.21%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 5,071 (17.81%) Finance
2 2,731 (9.59%) Banking
3 1,418 (4.98%) Front Office
4 879 (3.09%) Retail
5 841 (2.95%) Investment Banking
6 525 (1.84%) Marketing
7 421 (1.48%) Telecoms
8 376 (1.32%) Games
9 275 (0.97%) Advertising
10 251 (0.88%) Law
11 249 (0.87%) Financial Institution
12 246 (0.86%) Manufacturing
13 237 (0.83%) Back Office
14 193 (0.68%) Legal
15 157 (0.55%) Publishing
16 150 (0.53%) Electronics
17 97 (0.34%) Automotive
18 63 (0.22%) Billing
19 60 (0.21%) Retail Banking
20 52 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,172 (25.18%) HTML
2 6,605 (23.19%) CSS
3 6,243 (21.92%) .NET
4 5,202 (18.27%) AngularJS
5 3,735 (13.11%) React
6 3,550 (12.46%) Spring
7 3,291 (11.56%) HTML5
8 3,189 (11.20%) Node.js
9 3,016 (10.59%) REST
10 2,805 (9.85%) Web Services
11 2,641 (9.27%) ASP.NET
12 2,444 (8.58%) RESTful
13 2,372 (8.33%) jQuery
14 2,094 (7.35%) CSS3
15 1,853 (6.51%) XML
16 1,685 (5.92%) Spring Boot
17 1,614 (5.67%) JSON
18 1,542 (5.41%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1,508 (5.29%) .NET Framework
20 1,409 (4.95%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 2,049 (7.19%) Greenfield Project
2 1,537 (5.40%) User Experience
3 1,114 (3.91%) Analytical Skills
4 826 (2.90%) Mobile App
5 825 (2.90%) Computer Science
6 823 (2.89%) Fintech
7 671 (2.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 641 (2.25%) Fixed Income
9 536 (1.88%) Derivative
10 490 (1.72%) Algorithms
11 455 (1.60%) Data Structures
12 449 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
13 396 (1.39%) Equities
14 355 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
15 263 (0.92%) Hedge funds
16 162 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
17 159 (0.56%) Equity Derivative
18 129 (0.45%) Market Risk
19 119 (0.42%) Virtual Team
20 108 (0.38%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,968 (6.91%) Linux
2 1,240 (4.35%) Unix
3 920 (3.23%) Windows
4 904 (3.17%) Android
5 812 (2.85%) Apple iOS
6 115 (0.40%) Windows Server
7 111 (0.39%) VMS
8 95 (0.33%) Solaris
9 89 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 73 (0.26%) Mac OS X
11 62 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 54 (0.19%) CentOS
13 52 (0.18%) AIX
14 34 (0.12%) Mac OS
15 33 (0.12%) Windows 10
16 32 (0.11%) Windows 7
17 29 (0.10%) OpenVMS
18 27 (0.095%) Windows Server 2012
19 23 (0.081%) Windows Server 2008
20 20 (0.070%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,684 (41.03%) Agile Software Development
2 6,154 (21.61%) TDD
3 3,526 (12.38%) MVC
4 3,472 (12.19%) Microservices
5 3,400 (11.94%) Scrum
6 2,993 (10.51%) Front End Development
7 2,835 (9.95%) Continuous Integration
8 2,660 (9.34%) BDD
9 2,536 (8.90%) Test Automation
10 2,498 (8.77%) OO
11 2,235 (7.85%) DevOps
12 1,966 (6.90%) Web Development
13 1,767 (6.20%) Unit Testing
14 1,755 (6.16%) Software Engineering
15 1,705 (5.99%) Business Intelligence
16 1,623 (5.70%) Problem-Solving
17 1,539 (5.40%) E-Commerce
18 1,240 (4.35%) ETL
19 1,226 (4.30%) SDLC
20 1,170 (4.11%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 9,995 (35.09%) JavaScript
2 8,845 (31.06%) Java
3 6,824 (23.96%) SQL
4 6,749 (23.70%) C#
5 2,674 (9.39%) Python
6 2,306 (8.10%) Java 8
7 1,712 (6.01%) PHP
8 1,223 (4.29%) TypeScript
9 1,165 (4.09%) T-SQL
10 1,105 (3.88%) C++
11 1,026 (3.60%) Scala
12 979 (3.44%) ES6
13 766 (2.69%) PL/SQL
14 586 (2.06%) Ruby
15 477 (1.67%) C
16 407 (1.43%) PowerShell
17 391 (1.37%) Shell Script
18 383 (1.34%) Go
19 377 (1.32%) Apple Swift
20 360 (1.26%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1,345 (4.72%) Security Cleared
2 1,151 (4.04%) Degree
3 1,043 (3.66%) SC Cleared
4 385 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 179 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
6 104 (0.37%) DV Cleared
7 83 (0.29%) Master's Degree
8 60 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
9 48 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
10 41 (0.14%) PhD
11 39 (0.14%) DBS Check
12 33 (0.12%) AWS Certification
13 24 (0.084%) CTC Cleared
14 22 (0.077%) ITIL Certification
15 20 (0.070%) BC Cleared
16 19 (0.067%) MCSE
17 18 (0.063%) ISTQB
18 12 (0.042%) ISEB
18 12 (0.042%) Postgraduate
19 11 (0.039%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 718 (2.52%) QA
2 144 (0.51%) Data Quality
3 83 (0.29%) GDPR
4 60 (0.21%) SLA
5 55 (0.19%) WCAG
6 38 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
6 38 (0.13%) MiFID
7 33 (0.12%) PMO
8 19 (0.067%) EMIR
9 18 (0.063%) WAI
10 17 (0.060%) PCI DSS
11 16 (0.056%) HL7
12 13 (0.046%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 12 (0.042%) MISRA
13 12 (0.042%) PSD2
14 11 (0.039%) IFRS
15 10 (0.035%) Dodd-Frank
16 9 (0.032%) ISO 20022
16 9 (0.032%) Solvency II
17 8 (0.028%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 2,451 (8.61%) Docker
2 130 (0.46%) HDFS
3 108 (0.38%) Active Directory
4 77 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
5 64 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 53 (0.19%) vSphere
7 28 (0.098%) Virtual Machines
8 23 (0.081%) Apache Flume
9 21 (0.074%) Firmware
9 21 (0.074%) Oracle RAC
10 15 (0.053%) VirtualBox
11 14 (0.049%) Hyper-V
12 10 (0.035%) OpenAM
13 8 (0.028%) Time Sharing Option
14 7 (0.025%) KVM
15 5 (0.018%) Platform Symphony
16 4 (0.014%) Microsoft App-V
16 4 (0.014%) OpenDJ
16 4 (0.014%) Varnish
17 3 (0.011%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 835 (2.93%) Kubernetes
2 706 (2.48%) Ansible
3 498 (1.75%) Puppet
4 394 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
5 332 (1.17%) Terraform
6 121 (0.42%) Kibana
7 103 (0.36%) Grafana
8 90 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
9 78 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
10 65 (0.23%) Mesos
11 63 (0.22%) Cobbler
12 54 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
13 47 (0.17%) logstash
14 43 (0.15%) Prometheus
15 40 (0.14%) Marathon
16 39 (0.14%) Salt
17 35 (0.12%) Control-M
18 30 (0.11%) Oozie
19 28 (0.098%) Graphite
20 26 (0.091%) Rancher
Vendors
1 2,575 (9.04%) Oracle
2 2,396 (8.41%) Microsoft
3 699 (2.45%) Google
4 535 (1.88%) SAP
5 397 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
6 360 (1.26%) Tableau
7 356 (1.25%) IBM
8 343 (1.20%) Adobe
9 259 (0.91%) Sitecore
10 200 (0.70%) MuleSoft
11 189 (0.66%) ServiceNow
12 188 (0.66%) Atlassian
13 184 (0.65%) Sybase
14 183 (0.64%) Xamarin
15 172 (0.60%) Zend
16 165 (0.58%) Informatica
17 160 (0.56%) TIBCO
18 159 (0.56%) Splunk
19 141 (0.50%) Talend
20 138 (0.48%) hybris