Period
to 25 June 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £500 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 13,981 9,679 22,358
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 21.85% 23.36% 24.54%
As % of the Job Titles category 23.50% 24.98% 25.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,161 7,052 16,368
10th Percentile £338 £330 £325
25th Percentile £410 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £495 £475
Median % change year-on-year +0.97% +4.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £569
90th Percentile £700 £675 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £434 £425
% change year-on-year -2.02% +2.06% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 140 57 132
10th Percentile £19.42 £16.60 £21.42
25th Percentile £27.38 £20.50 £37.15
Median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% -5.56% +11.11%
75th Percentile £60.00 £53.75 £55.00
90th Percentile £65.54 £63.00 £61.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £39.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +7.69% -13.33% +8.43%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 59,481 38,742 86,151
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.96% 93.51% 94.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 40,727 25,778 57,591
10th Percentile £300 £256 £269
25th Percentile £400 £363 £366
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £660 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £433 £425
% change year-on-year +1.12% +1.80% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,827 1,334 2,684
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.45 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.13 £14.25 £13.25
Median hourly rate £21.05 £19.93 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year +5.61% +6.59% +6.86%
75th Percentile £44.50 £40.00 £42.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year - +5.71% +1.04%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 19 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 11,204 £500 - 6,139
London -1 7,208 £550 +4.76% 2,501
Work from Home -1 4,274 £475 +5.56% 1,567
UK excluding London -1 3,994 £425 -2.02% 3,984
North of England 0 1,038 £425 +4.94% 1,313
South East -3 869 £450 - 800
Scotland -1 701 £425 - 237
North West -1 587 £405 -4.71% 764
Midlands -1 510 £400 -3.03% 701
South West -1 492 £450 -5.26% 431
Yorkshire 0 358 £450 +12.50% 401
West Midlands -2 337 £420 -1.18% 439
East of England -6 212 £450 - 381
East Midlands -4 160 £350 -6.67% 258
Wales -4 107 £413 -8.33% 89
North East +3 93 £475 +18.01% 148
Northern Ireland -1 67 £447 +3.60% 33
Channel Islands +1 2 £400 -5.88%
Isle of Man - 1 £400 - 1

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 5,004 (35.79%) Agile Software Development
2 4,417 (31.59%) JavaScript
3 4,032 (28.84%) Java
4 3,002 (21.47%) SQL
5 2,648 (18.94%) Finance
6 2,530 (18.10%) Azure
7 2,501 (17.89%) .NET
8 2,353 (16.83%) React
9 2,316 (16.57%) C#
10 2,311 (16.53%) HTML
11 2,268 (16.22%) AWS
12 2,257 (16.14%) TDD
13 2,121 (15.17%) CSS
14 2,099 (15.01%) Python
15 2,095 (14.98%) Microservices
16 1,954 (13.98%) DevOps
17 1,889 (13.51%) Git (software)
18 1,798 (12.86%) Social Skills
19 1,794 (12.83%) AngularJS
20 1,769 (12.65%) Node.js
21 1,735 (12.41%) Docker
22 1,638 (11.72%) Spring
23 1,574 (11.26%) Banking
24 1,566 (11.20%) TypeScript
25 1,545 (11.05%) Software Engineering
26 1,454 (10.40%) Kubernetes
27 1,351 (9.66%) Scrum
28 1,333 (9.53%) REST
29 1,271 (9.09%) SQL Server
30 1,206 (8.63%) Oracle

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 345 (2.47%) Confluence
2 261 (1.87%) SharePoint
3 244 (1.75%) Apache Spark
4 243 (1.74%) CMS
5 221 (1.58%) Apache
6 193 (1.38%) Elasticsearch
7 115 (0.82%) WebLogic
8 109 (0.78%) WordPress
9 98 (0.70%) Drupal
10 89 (0.64%) Mule
11 84 (0.60%) Oracle Coherence
12 78 (0.56%) Tomcat
13 72 (0.51%) JBoss
14 70 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
15 68 (0.49%) IIS
16 59 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 58 (0.41%) nginx
18 57 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
18 57 (0.41%) WebSphere
19 55 (0.39%) Umbraco
Applications
1 167 (1.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 62 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 40 (0.29%) Photoshop
4 28 (0.20%) Chatbot
5 22 (0.16%) Figma
5 22 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
6 21 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 19 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
8 18 (0.13%) Sketch
9 15 (0.11%) Adobe Captivate
10 14 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 13 (0.093%) Adobe XD
12 11 (0.079%) MS Visio
13 10 (0.072%) InVision
14 9 (0.064%) InfoPath
15 8 (0.057%) Microsoft Project
16 6 (0.043%) Adobe Premiere
16 6 (0.043%) GIMP
17 5 (0.036%) Adobe After Effects
18 4 (0.029%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 133 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 97 (0.69%) Magento
3 44 (0.31%) Shopify
4 32 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
5 29 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
6 27 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
6 27 (0.19%) SunGard Martini
7 23 (0.16%) Maximo
7 23 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 21 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
9 19 (0.14%) ION MarketView
9 19 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
10 16 (0.11%) NetSuite
10 16 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
10 16 (0.11%) Summit
11 13 (0.093%) Dynamics NAV
12 10 (0.072%) Oracle General Ledger
13 9 (0.064%) Distributed Ledger
13 9 (0.064%) Oracle BPM
14 8 (0.057%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 2,530 (18.10%) Azure
2 2,268 (16.22%) AWS
3 1,022 (7.31%) Serverless
4 670 (4.79%) AWS Lambda
5 625 (4.47%) Power Platform
6 587 (4.20%) GCP
7 408 (2.92%) GitHub
8 383 (2.74%) Amazon S3
9 269 (1.92%) Amazon SQS
10 190 (1.36%) PaaS
11 189 (1.35%) Azure Functions
12 182 (1.30%) SaaS
13 180 (1.29%) AWS Step Functions
14 173 (1.24%) OpenShift
15 168 (1.20%) PowerApps
16 163 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
17 161 (1.15%) Dynamics 365
18 155 (1.11%) Microsoft 365
19 145 (1.04%) Azure Service Bus
20 134 (0.96%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 175 (1.25%) HTTP
2 92 (0.66%) Internet
3 60 (0.43%) SSL
4 55 (0.39%) TCP/IP
5 36 (0.26%) HTTPS
6 22 (0.16%) Intranet
7 20 (0.14%) Broadband
8 17 (0.12%) FTP
8 17 (0.12%) RTMP
9 15 (0.11%) DNS
9 15 (0.11%) Firewall
10 14 (0.10%) SMS
11 13 (0.093%) VPN
12 12 (0.086%) VoIP
13 11 (0.079%) ATM
13 11 (0.079%) SSH
14 10 (0.072%) Ethernet
14 10 (0.072%) Skype
14 10 (0.072%) SNMP
14 10 (0.072%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,271 (9.09%) SQL Server
2 568 (4.06%) NoSQL
3 567 (4.06%) PostgreSQL
4 518 (3.71%) Power BI
5 508 (3.63%) MongoDB
6 500 (3.58%) MySQL
6 500 (3.58%) Relational Database
7 396 (2.83%) Data Warehouse
8 388 (2.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 356 (2.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 284 (2.03%) Big Data
11 242 (1.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 226 (1.62%) Oracle Database
13 212 (1.52%) Hadoop
14 207 (1.48%) Amazon RDS
15 194 (1.39%) Azure SQL Database
16 178 (1.27%) Redis
16 178 (1.27%) Tableau
17 169 (1.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 113 (0.81%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,889 (13.51%) Git (software)
2 1,202 (8.60%) Jenkins
3 813 (5.82%) JIRA
4 543 (3.88%) Maven
5 382 (2.73%) JUnit
6 313 (2.24%) Visual Studio
7 282 (2.02%) Bitbucket
8 261 (1.87%) Cucumber
9 238 (1.70%) TeamCity
10 218 (1.56%) webpack
11 217 (1.55%) Subversion
12 199 (1.42%) Selenium
13 195 (1.39%) GitLab
14 181 (1.29%) Mockito
15 164 (1.17%) Cypress.io
16 160 (1.14%) Gradle
17 135 (0.97%) Jasmine
18 116 (0.83%) Team Foundation Server
19 108 (0.77%) Artifactory
20 104 (0.74%) CircleCI
General
1 2,648 (18.94%) Finance
2 1,798 (12.86%) Social Skills
3 1,574 (11.26%) Banking
4 1,076 (7.70%) Front Office
5 701 (5.01%) Investment Banking
6 582 (4.16%) Public Sector
7 529 (3.78%) Analytical Skills
8 299 (2.14%) Retail
9 231 (1.65%) Marketing
10 188 (1.34%) Telecoms
11 140 (1.00%) Manufacturing
12 131 (0.94%) Games
13 100 (0.72%) Law
14 91 (0.65%) Back Office
15 90 (0.64%) Documentation Skills
16 86 (0.62%) Presentation Skills
17 76 (0.54%) Financial Institution
18 70 (0.50%) Publishing
19 66 (0.47%) Electronics
20 56 (0.40%) Automotive
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,501 (17.89%) .NET
2 2,353 (16.83%) React
3 2,311 (16.53%) HTML
4 2,121 (15.17%) CSS
5 1,794 (12.83%) AngularJS
6 1,769 (12.65%) Node.js
7 1,638 (11.72%) Spring
8 1,333 (9.53%) REST
9 1,200 (8.58%) Web Services
10 1,004 (7.18%) Spring Boot
11 957 (6.85%) RESTful
12 823 (5.89%) .NET Core
13 772 (5.52%) HTML5
14 624 (4.46%) Kafka
15 611 (4.37%) Redux
16 588 (4.21%) ASP.NET
17 573 (4.10%) JSON
18 568 (4.06%) XML
19 553 (3.96%) GraphQL
20 522 (3.73%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 811 (5.80%) User Experience
2 713 (5.10%) Greenfield Project
3 511 (3.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 473 (3.38%) Mobile App
5 405 (2.90%) Fixed Income
6 370 (2.65%) Data Structures
7 358 (2.56%) Derivative
8 267 (1.91%) Algorithms
9 218 (1.56%) Equities
10 193 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
11 169 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
12 159 (1.14%) Cloud Native
13 146 (1.04%) Hedge funds
14 111 (0.79%) Virtual Team
15 106 (0.76%) Data Protection Act
16 97 (0.69%) Market Risk
17 95 (0.68%) Management Information System
18 92 (0.66%) Credit Risk
19 82 (0.59%) NHS
20 71 (0.51%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 870 (6.22%) Linux
2 522 (3.73%) Android
3 507 (3.63%) Unix
4 400 (2.86%) Windows
5 382 (2.73%) Apple iOS
6 49 (0.35%) Mac OS
7 39 (0.28%) Mac OS X
8 30 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 28 (0.20%) CentOS
10 25 (0.18%) Windows Server
11 17 (0.12%) Ubuntu
11 17 (0.12%) Windows 10
12 12 (0.086%) VMS
12 12 (0.086%) Windows Server 2016
13 11 (0.079%) Android TV
14 9 (0.064%) Embedded Linux
14 9 (0.064%) Windows Server 2012
15 7 (0.050%) Debian
16 6 (0.043%) tvOS
17 5 (0.036%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,004 (35.79%) Agile Software Development
2 2,257 (16.14%) TDD
3 2,095 (14.98%) Microservices
4 1,954 (13.98%) DevOps
5 1,545 (11.05%) Software Engineering
6 1,351 (9.66%) Scrum
7 1,203 (8.60%) Front End Development
8 1,200 (8.58%) Test Automation
9 1,003 (7.17%) Continuous Integration
10 898 (6.42%) BDD
11 859 (6.14%) Problem-Solving
12 828 (5.92%) Unit Testing
13 775 (5.54%) Business Intelligence
14 768 (5.49%) MVC
15 709 (5.07%) SDLC
16 684 (4.89%) OO
17 679 (4.86%) Analytics
18 637 (4.56%) Web Development
19 610 (4.36%) Multithreading
20 521 (3.73%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 4,417 (31.59%) JavaScript
2 4,032 (28.84%) Java
3 3,002 (21.47%) SQL
4 2,316 (16.57%) C#
5 2,099 (15.01%) Python
6 1,566 (11.20%) TypeScript
7 729 (5.21%) C++
8 721 (5.16%) Java 8
9 627 (4.48%) Scala
10 566 (4.05%) Kotlin
11 537 (3.84%) PHP
12 437 (3.13%) PL/SQL
13 318 (2.27%) T-SQL
14 314 (2.25%) ES6
15 308 (2.20%) Go
16 262 (1.87%) PowerShell
17 261 (1.87%) Ruby
18 240 (1.72%) C
19 191 (1.37%) Apple Swift
20 185 (1.32%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 784 (5.61%) Security Cleared
2 641 (4.58%) SC Cleared
3 542 (3.88%) Degree
4 153 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 88 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
6 76 (0.54%) DV Cleared
7 46 (0.33%) PhD
8 34 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
9 31 (0.22%) AWS Certification
10 25 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
11 24 (0.17%) Master's Degree
12 17 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
13 15 (0.11%) ISTQB
13 15 (0.11%) Sun Certification
14 13 (0.093%) DBS Check
15 11 (0.079%) OCPJP
16 7 (0.050%) CTC Cleared
17 6 (0.043%) CFA
17 6 (0.043%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 6 (0.043%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 356 (2.55%) QA
2 290 (2.07%) Accessibility
3 94 (0.67%) Data Quality
4 54 (0.39%) WCAG
5 47 (0.34%) GDPR
6 26 (0.19%) SLA
7 24 (0.17%) MiFID
8 15 (0.11%) PMO
9 10 (0.072%) GRC
9 10 (0.072%) JTAG
10 8 (0.057%) FINREP
10 8 (0.057%) ISO 20022
10 8 (0.057%) PCI DSS
11 7 (0.050%) Disclosure Scotland
12 6 (0.043%) COREP
12 6 (0.043%) EMIR
13 5 (0.036%) IFRS
14 4 (0.029%) Dublin Core
14 4 (0.029%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 4 (0.029%) NIST
System Software
1 1,735 (12.41%) Docker
2 135 (0.97%) Active Directory
3 44 (0.31%) HDFS
4 25 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (0.16%) Platform Symphony
6 20 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
7 14 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.064%) vSphere
9 8 (0.057%) NFS
10 6 (0.043%) OpenAM
10 6 (0.043%) VMware ESXi
11 5 (0.036%) GridGain
11 5 (0.036%) NDS
11 5 (0.036%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 5 (0.036%) OpenDJ
12 4 (0.029%) Firmware
12 4 (0.029%) Varnish
13 3 (0.021%) KVM
13 3 (0.021%) Time Sharing Option
14 2 (0.014%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 1,454 (10.40%) Kubernetes
2 611 (4.37%) Terraform
3 270 (1.93%) Ansible
4 151 (1.08%) Grafana
5 86 (0.62%) Prometheus
6 75 (0.54%) Kibana
7 74 (0.53%) Puppet
8 53 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
9 40 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
10 30 (0.21%) Control-M
11 18 (0.13%) Istio
11 18 (0.13%) logstash
12 17 (0.12%) Rancher
13 16 (0.11%) ZABBIX
14 15 (0.11%) Oozie
15 14 (0.10%) vRealize Orchestrator
16 13 (0.093%) Microsoft Intune
17 12 (0.086%) Consul
18 10 (0.072%) Salt
19 9 (0.064%) BladeLogic
Vendors
1 1,206 (8.63%) Oracle
2 962 (6.88%) Microsoft
3 393 (2.81%) Salesforce.com
4 297 (2.12%) Google
5 280 (2.00%) SAP
6 165 (1.18%) ServiceNow
7 164 (1.17%) Adobe
8 153 (1.09%) MuleSoft
9 116 (0.83%) IBM
10 107 (0.77%) Splunk
11 106 (0.76%) Informatica
12 96 (0.69%) Atlassian
13 74 (0.53%) TIBCO
14 73 (0.52%) webMethods
14 73 (0.52%) Xamarin
15 69 (0.49%) ION Trading
16 60 (0.43%) BEA
17 57 (0.41%) Apple
17 57 (0.41%) Databricks
18 56 (0.40%) Sybase