Period
to 14 August 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 27,950 25,526 25,083
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.31% 26.70% 22.97%
As % of the Job Titles category 28.78% 28.11% 24.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,605 18,578 18,079
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +6.67% +3.13%
10th Percentile £323 £310 £288
90th Percentile £625 £625 £580
UK excluding London median daily rate £401 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +2.84% +4.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 146 219 263
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.41% +10.81%
10th Percentile £14.75 £25.20 £18.84
90th Percentile £70.00 £57.50 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.75
% change year-on-year - +4.29% +9.41%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 97,107 90,805 103,724
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.87% 94.97% 94.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 63,602 58,946 67,571
UK median daily rate £450 £435 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £263 £255
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +3.13% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,117 2,812 3,109
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.74% -1.58% +6.35%
10th Percentile £11.02 £10.75 £10.32
90th Percentile £47.83 £48.75 £46.70
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.77 £19.00
% change year-on-year -1.52% -6.47% +11.76%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 25,798 £465 +3.33% 8,212
London 0 14,560 £510 +2.00% 3,273
UK excluding London -1 12,996 £401 +2.84% 5,415
South East -1 3,839 £425 +6.25% 1,287
North of England -1 3,406 £390 +4.00% 1,478
Midlands -1 1,735 £400 +6.67% 871
North West 0 1,693 £387 +3.20% 857
Yorkshire 0 1,407 £400 +5.26% 513
Scotland -1 1,314 £400 +6.67% 287
South West -1 1,292 £400 +3.23% 644
West Midlands 0 1,037 £400 +6.67% 485
East of England 0 919 £425 +6.25% 659
East Midlands -1 688 £388 +3.33% 385
Wales 0 328 £405 +8.36% 118
North East +1 309 £375 +7.14% 108
Northern Ireland 0 190 £450 +9.09% 65
Channel Islands 0 4 - - 3
Isle of Man -1 2 - - 3

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 11,361 (40.65%) Agile Software Development
2 10,112 (36.18%) JavaScript
3 8,672 (31.03%) Java
4 7,406 (26.50%) HTML
5 6,752 (24.16%) CSS
6 6,564 (23.48%) C#
7 6,544 (23.41%) SQL
8 6,082 (21.76%) TDD
9 6,076 (21.74%) .NET
10 5,227 (18.70%) AngularJS
11 5,106 (18.27%) Finance
12 4,255 (15.22%) SQL Server
13 4,091 (14.64%) Git (software)
14 3,632 (12.99%) React
15 3,545 (12.68%) MVC
16 3,427 (12.26%) Scrum
17 3,407 (12.19%) HTML5
18 3,309 (11.84%) Spring
19 3,177 (11.37%) Node.js
20 3,114 (11.14%) Microservices
21 2,999 (10.73%) Front End Development
22 2,915 (10.43%) REST
23 2,856 (10.22%) Web Services
24 2,717 (9.72%) Continuous Integration
25 2,716 (9.72%) Banking
26 2,589 (9.26%) Python
27 2,566 (9.18%) ASP.NET
28 2,553 (9.13%) BDD
29 2,526 (9.04%) RESTful
30 2,522 (9.02%) Amazon AWS

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 702 (2.51%) CMS
2 638 (2.28%) Tomcat
3 633 (2.26%) Apache
4 624 (2.23%) Elasticsearch
5 571 (2.04%) Apache Spark
6 568 (2.03%) Confluence
7 519 (1.86%) SharePoint
8 485 (1.74%) WebSphere
9 321 (1.15%) WebLogic
10 319 (1.14%) WordPress
11 312 (1.12%) JBoss
12 252 (0.90%) Drupal
13 217 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 190 (0.68%) IIS
15 188 (0.67%) Umbraco
16 177 (0.63%) Mule
17 176 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 159 (0.57%) OpenStack
19 137 (0.49%) NServiceBus
19 137 (0.49%) SAS
Applications
1 416 (1.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 187 (0.67%) Photoshop
3 119 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
4 72 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
5 51 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
6 49 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 45 (0.16%) MS Visio
8 42 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 31 (0.11%) GIMP
10 30 (0.11%) InfoPath
11 27 (0.097%) Chatbot
12 25 (0.089%) InVision
13 14 (0.050%) OmniGraffle
14 13 (0.047%) Fireworks
15 11 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
16 8 (0.029%) InDesign
17 7 (0.025%) Maya
18 6 (0.021%) Acrobat
18 6 (0.021%) SPSS
18 6 (0.021%) Stata
Business Applications
1 364 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 197 (0.70%) Magento
3 93 (0.33%) ION MarketView
4 78 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
5 57 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
6 49 (0.18%) Markit EDM
7 42 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
8 35 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
9 34 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
10 29 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
11 28 (0.10%) Cognos TM1
11 28 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
11 28 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
12 21 (0.075%) Maximo
13 20 (0.072%) thinkFolio
14 19 (0.068%) Hyperion Planning
14 19 (0.068%) Oracle Payables
14 19 (0.068%) SAP S/4HANA
15 18 (0.064%) Salesforce.com CRM
16 17 (0.061%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 2,522 (9.02%) Amazon AWS
2 2,516 (9.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 601 (2.15%) GitHub
4 440 (1.57%) npm
5 399 (1.43%) Serverless
6 322 (1.15%) Google Cloud Platform
7 241 (0.86%) PaaS
8 213 (0.76%) Dynamics 365
9 195 (0.70%) Amazon EC2
10 192 (0.69%) SaaS
11 191 (0.68%) AWS Lambda
12 188 (0.67%) Amazon S3
13 183 (0.65%) Cloud Computing
14 157 (0.56%) Office 365
15 127 (0.45%) OpenShift
16 111 (0.40%) Heroku
16 111 (0.40%) IaaS
17 80 (0.29%) Salesforce Service Cloud
18 76 (0.27%) Google Analytics
19 70 (0.25%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 594 (2.13%) HTTP
2 214 (0.77%) Internet
3 204 (0.73%) TCP/IP
4 141 (0.50%) SMS
5 138 (0.49%) SSL
6 107 (0.38%) FTP
7 78 (0.28%) Kerberos
8 72 (0.26%) Intranet
9 63 (0.23%) DNS
10 61 (0.22%) AMQP
11 35 (0.13%) SSH
12 32 (0.11%) Firewall
13 31 (0.11%) HTTPS
13 31 (0.11%) Skype
13 31 (0.11%) SMTP
14 26 (0.093%) Wi-Fi
15 24 (0.086%) Bluetooth
16 18 (0.064%) Network Security
16 18 (0.064%) VPN
17 17 (0.061%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,255 (15.22%) SQL Server
2 1,619 (5.79%) Relational Database
3 1,511 (5.41%) NoSQL
4 1,439 (5.15%) MySQL
5 1,190 (4.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,185 (4.24%) PostgreSQL
7 1,184 (4.24%) MongoDB
8 1,052 (3.76%) Data Warehouse
9 947 (3.39%) Big Data
9 947 (3.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 718 (2.57%) Hadoop
11 514 (1.84%) Power BI
12 505 (1.81%) RDBMS
13 477 (1.71%) Oracle Database
14 467 (1.67%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 419 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
16 386 (1.38%) Redis
16 386 (1.38%) SQL Server 2012
17 292 (1.04%) SQL Server 2008
18 266 (0.95%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 4,091 (14.64%) Git (software)
2 2,310 (8.26%) Jenkins
3 1,467 (5.25%) JIRA
4 1,345 (4.81%) Maven
5 925 (3.31%) JUnit
6 887 (3.17%) Visual Studio
7 789 (2.82%) Selenium
8 729 (2.61%) webpack
9 715 (2.56%) Team Foundation Server
10 707 (2.53%) Subversion
11 652 (2.33%) gulp
12 618 (2.21%) TeamCity
13 614 (2.20%) Cucumber
14 473 (1.69%) Jasmine
15 470 (1.68%) Grunt
16 445 (1.59%) NUnit
17 423 (1.51%) Gradle
18 419 (1.50%) Mockito
19 327 (1.17%) Eclipse
20 323 (1.16%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 5,106 (18.27%) Finance
2 2,716 (9.72%) Banking
3 1,438 (5.14%) Front Office
4 825 (2.95%) Retail
5 820 (2.93%) Investment Banking
6 525 (1.88%) Marketing
7 431 (1.54%) Telecoms
8 407 (1.46%) Games
9 254 (0.91%) Advertising
10 251 (0.90%) Manufacturing
11 242 (0.87%) Law
12 231 (0.83%) Financial Institution
13 218 (0.78%) Back Office
14 172 (0.62%) Legal
15 164 (0.59%) Electronics
16 132 (0.47%) Publishing
17 104 (0.37%) Automotive
18 85 (0.30%) Retail Banking
19 55 (0.20%) General Ledger
20 52 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,406 (26.50%) HTML
2 6,752 (24.16%) CSS
3 6,076 (21.74%) .NET
4 5,227 (18.70%) AngularJS
5 3,632 (12.99%) React
6 3,407 (12.19%) HTML5
7 3,309 (11.84%) Spring
8 3,177 (11.37%) Node.js
9 2,915 (10.43%) REST
10 2,856 (10.22%) Web Services
11 2,566 (9.18%) ASP.NET
12 2,526 (9.04%) RESTful
13 2,416 (8.64%) jQuery
14 2,272 (8.13%) CSS3
15 1,826 (6.53%) XML
16 1,696 (6.07%) JSON
17 1,497 (5.36%) ASP.NET Web API
18 1,443 (5.16%) Sass
19 1,408 (5.04%) Spring Boot
20 1,374 (4.92%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 1,910 (6.83%) Greenfield Project
2 1,644 (5.88%) User Experience
3 1,069 (3.82%) Analytical Skills
4 889 (3.18%) Mobile App
5 768 (2.75%) Fintech
6 743 (2.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 725 (2.59%) Computer Science
8 611 (2.19%) Fixed Income
9 543 (1.94%) Derivative
10 530 (1.90%) Algorithms
11 460 (1.65%) Enterprise Software
12 442 (1.58%) Data Structures
13 344 (1.23%) Equities
14 322 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
15 243 (0.87%) Hedge funds
16 173 (0.62%) Equity Derivative
17 151 (0.54%) Linux Command Line
18 135 (0.48%) Virtual Team
19 122 (0.44%) Credit Risk
19 122 (0.44%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 2,214 (7.92%) Linux
2 1,252 (4.48%) Unix
3 909 (3.25%) Android
4 905 (3.24%) Windows
5 839 (3.00%) Apple iOS
6 105 (0.38%) Ubuntu
7 89 (0.32%) VMS
8 87 (0.31%) Windows Server
9 79 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 78 (0.28%) Mac OS X
11 73 (0.26%) Solaris
12 54 (0.19%) CentOS
13 47 (0.17%) AIX
14 33 (0.12%) Mac OS
15 31 (0.11%) Windows 10
15 31 (0.11%) Windows 7
16 23 (0.082%) OpenVMS
17 20 (0.072%) Embedded Linux
17 20 (0.072%) Windows Server 2012
18 17 (0.061%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,361 (40.65%) Agile Software Development
2 6,082 (21.76%) TDD
3 3,545 (12.68%) MVC
4 3,427 (12.26%) Scrum
5 3,114 (11.14%) Microservices
6 2,999 (10.73%) Front End Development
7 2,717 (9.72%) Continuous Integration
8 2,553 (9.13%) BDD
9 2,499 (8.94%) OO
10 2,312 (8.27%) Test Automation
11 2,127 (7.61%) Web Development
12 2,021 (7.23%) DevOps
13 1,827 (6.54%) Unit Testing
14 1,649 (5.90%) Software Engineering
15 1,644 (5.88%) Problem-Solving
16 1,588 (5.68%) Business Intelligence
17 1,559 (5.58%) E-Commerce
18 1,286 (4.60%) Multithreading
19 1,220 (4.36%) SDLC
20 1,163 (4.16%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 10,112 (36.18%) JavaScript
2 8,672 (31.03%) Java
3 6,564 (23.48%) C#
4 6,544 (23.41%) SQL
5 2,589 (9.26%) Python
6 2,132 (7.63%) Java 8
7 1,572 (5.62%) PHP
8 1,138 (4.07%) C++
9 1,124 (4.02%) TypeScript
10 1,080 (3.86%) T-SQL
11 1,045 (3.74%) ES6
12 1,029 (3.68%) Scala
13 694 (2.48%) PL/SQL
14 573 (2.05%) Ruby
15 426 (1.52%) C
16 374 (1.34%) Shell Script
17 373 (1.33%) VB.NET
18 367 (1.31%) PowerShell
19 363 (1.30%) Go
20 358 (1.28%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,259 (4.50%) Security Cleared
2 1,031 (3.69%) Degree
3 958 (3.43%) SC Cleared
4 331 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 139 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
6 85 (0.30%) DV Cleared
7 69 (0.25%) Master's Degree
8 62 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
9 46 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
10 34 (0.12%) DBS Check
11 32 (0.11%) PhD
12 28 (0.10%) AWS Certification
13 23 (0.082%) BC Cleared
13 23 (0.082%) CTC Cleared
14 20 (0.072%) ITIL Certification
15 17 (0.061%) ISTQB
15 17 (0.061%) Oracle Certification
16 14 (0.050%) Siebel Certification
17 13 (0.047%) ISEB
18 12 (0.043%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 638 (2.28%) QA
2 210 (0.75%) Data Quality
3 107 (0.38%) GCP
4 100 (0.36%) GDPR
5 60 (0.21%) SLA
6 53 (0.19%) MiFID
7 44 (0.16%) WCAG
8 41 (0.15%) PMO
9 36 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
9 36 (0.13%) PCI DSS
10 23 (0.082%) EMIR
11 22 (0.079%) WAI
12 16 (0.057%) Dodd-Frank
12 16 (0.057%) HL7
13 13 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 11 (0.039%) Solvency II
15 7 (0.025%) IFRS
15 7 (0.025%) ISO 20022
15 7 (0.025%) SEPA
16 6 (0.021%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 2,198 (7.86%) Docker
2 137 (0.49%) HDFS
3 96 (0.34%) Active Directory
4 81 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 49 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
6 35 (0.13%) Apache Flume
7 33 (0.12%) vSphere
8 32 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
9 16 (0.057%) Hyper-V
10 14 (0.050%) Firmware
10 14 (0.050%) Oracle RAC
10 14 (0.050%) VirtualBox
11 9 (0.032%) Platform Symphony
12 7 (0.025%) OpenAM
13 6 (0.021%) Time Sharing Option
13 6 (0.021%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
14 5 (0.018%) etcd
15 4 (0.014%) flannel
15 4 (0.014%) Microsoft App-V
15 4 (0.014%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 636 (2.28%) Kubernetes
2 622 (2.23%) Ansible
3 474 (1.70%) Puppet
4 351 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
5 327 (1.17%) Terraform
6 95 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
7 93 (0.33%) Kibana
8 89 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
9 80 (0.29%) Grafana
10 58 (0.21%) Mesos
11 53 (0.19%) Salt
12 44 (0.16%) Cobbler
13 43 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
14 37 (0.13%) Oozie
15 36 (0.13%) Control-M
16 32 (0.11%) logstash
16 32 (0.11%) Prometheus
17 30 (0.11%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
18 29 (0.10%) Marathon
19 26 (0.093%) Rancher
Vendors
1 2,474 (8.85%) Oracle
2 2,369 (8.48%) Microsoft
3 605 (2.16%) Google
4 559 (2.00%) SAP
5 425 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
6 392 (1.40%) IBM
7 370 (1.32%) Adobe
8 345 (1.23%) Tableau
9 274 (0.98%) Sitecore
10 208 (0.74%) ServiceNow
11 201 (0.72%) TIBCO
12 193 (0.69%) Sybase
13 173 (0.62%) Capita
14 168 (0.60%) Zend
15 165 (0.59%) MuleSoft
16 164 (0.59%) Informatica
17 159 (0.57%) Atlassian
18 146 (0.52%) Xamarin
19 144 (0.52%) Talend
20 128 (0.46%) Splunk