Period
to 5 July 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £488 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 5 July 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
5 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 9,664 23,009 27,789
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 23.40% 24.56% 26.71%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.02% 25.97% 28.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,170 17,357 20,858
Median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 122 162 162
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% - -
10th Percentile £19.00 £22.45 £14.55
90th Percentile £57.50 £61.13 £75.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -18.60% +1.18% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 38,622 88,591 98,661
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.52% 94.57% 94.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,180 58,332 64,568
Median daily rate £475 £470 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% +5.88%
10th Percentile £256 £267 £269
90th Percentile £658 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +1.18% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,581 2,918 3,169
Median hourly rate £22.82 £19.50 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.03% +8.33% -3.86%
10th Percentile £12.02 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.75 £48.00
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.25 £17.50
% change year-on-year +9.59% +4.29% -1.52%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 5 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 5 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 5 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 8,797 £500 +5.26% 3,120
London +1 5,369 £525 - 1,045
UK excluding London 0 3,951 £438 +2.94% 2,268
South East 0 945 £443 -1.67% 457
North of England 0 939 £413 -2.94% 710
Work from Home 0 721 £450 - 513
South West -1 631 £463 +2.78% 288
North West 0 496 £425 +6.25% 397
Scotland 0 433 £425 - 113
Midlands -2 429 £425 +3.03% 382
East of England 0 377 £450 - 237
Yorkshire 0 353 £400 -5.88% 234
West Midlands -3 278 £425 - 232
East Midlands 0 149 £400 - 149
Wales 0 138 £450 +6.51% 58
North East -2 92 £400 -11.01% 79
Northern Ireland 0 62 £450 +12.50% 29
Channel Islands -1 2 £425 +3.03%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 5 July 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,655 (37.82%) Agile Software Development
2 3,062 (31.68%) Java
3 2,852 (29.51%) JavaScript
4 2,219 (22.96%) SQL
5 2,022 (20.92%) C#
6 1,861 (19.26%) .NET
7 1,859 (19.24%) Finance
8 1,699 (17.58%) Azure
9 1,695 (17.54%) HTML
10 1,595 (16.50%) CSS
11 1,496 (15.48%) TDD
12 1,487 (15.39%) AWS
13 1,431 (14.81%) Microservices
14 1,417 (14.66%) React
15 1,401 (14.50%) AngularJS
16 1,350 (13.97%) Python
17 1,338 (13.85%) SQL Server
18 1,258 (13.02%) DevOps
19 1,201 (12.43%) Git (software)
20 1,130 (11.69%) Web Services
21 1,062 (10.99%) Banking
22 1,037 (10.73%) Docker
23 1,010 (10.45%) Node.js
24 1,009 (10.44%) Scrum
25 947 (9.80%) Spring
26 921 (9.53%) Security Cleared
27 908 (9.40%) Front End Development
28 858 (8.88%) Test Automation
29 831 (8.60%) Oracle
30 825 (8.54%) Microsoft

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 269 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
2 206 (2.13%) SharePoint
3 201 (2.08%) Confluence
4 165 (1.71%) CMS
5 138 (1.43%) Apache Spark
6 126 (1.30%) Apache
7 94 (0.97%) Tomcat
8 92 (0.95%) WebLogic
9 87 (0.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 83 (0.86%) WebSphere
11 70 (0.72%) WordPress
12 66 (0.68%) IIS
13 62 (0.64%) Drupal
14 61 (0.63%) Mule
15 54 (0.56%) Red Hat Fuse
16 47 (0.49%) Umbraco
17 44 (0.46%) SAS
18 43 (0.44%) JBoss
19 41 (0.42%) Oracle Service Bus
20 37 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 176 (1.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 55 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
3 46 (0.48%) Photoshop
4 26 (0.27%) Sketch
5 23 (0.24%) Chatbot
6 18 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 13 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 11 (0.11%) Acrobat
8 11 (0.11%) InVision
9 10 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
10 8 (0.083%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 8 (0.083%) Figma
10 8 (0.083%) MS Visio
11 6 (0.062%) InfoPath
12 5 (0.052%) Adobe Captivate
13 4 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
13 4 (0.041%) Zeplin
14 2 (0.021%) Adobe XD
14 2 (0.021%) InDesign
14 2 (0.021%) Maya
Business Applications
1 146 (1.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 78 (0.81%) Magento
3 44 (0.46%) Oracle Payables
4 30 (0.31%) Oracle Receivables
5 29 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
6 28 (0.29%) Maximo
7 26 (0.27%) Oracle Cash Management
8 24 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 19 (0.20%) Shopify
10 18 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
11 17 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
12 16 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
13 14 (0.14%) ION MarketView
13 14 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
14 13 (0.13%) NetSuite
14 13 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
15 12 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
16 11 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
17 10 (0.10%) Oracle General Ledger
17 10 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,699 (17.58%) Azure
2 1,487 (15.39%) AWS
3 417 (4.31%) Power Platform
4 365 (3.78%) GCP
5 350 (3.62%) Serverless
6 236 (2.44%) GitHub
7 231 (2.39%) AWS Lambda
8 174 (1.80%) SaaS
9 146 (1.51%) Dynamics 365
10 133 (1.38%) Amazon S3
11 130 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
12 108 (1.12%) PaaS
13 104 (1.08%) OpenShift
14 86 (0.89%) npm
15 80 (0.83%) Amazon ECS
15 80 (0.83%) Logic Apps
16 79 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
17 76 (0.79%) Amazon SQS
18 67 (0.69%) Office 365
19 66 (0.68%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 143 (1.48%) HTTP
2 73 (0.76%) HTTPS
3 53 (0.55%) SSL
4 51 (0.53%) TCP/IP
5 39 (0.40%) Internet
6 32 (0.33%) IPv6
7 30 (0.31%) DNS
7 30 (0.31%) IPv4
8 24 (0.25%) FTP
8 24 (0.25%) Skype
9 23 (0.24%) DHCP
10 22 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
10 22 (0.23%) Wireshark
11 20 (0.21%) Intranet
12 17 (0.18%) Firewall
13 12 (0.12%) DMZ
13 12 (0.12%) RTMP
13 12 (0.12%) VPN
14 11 (0.11%) DSL
14 11 (0.11%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,338 (13.85%) SQL Server
2 486 (5.03%) MySQL
3 440 (4.55%) Relational Database
4 372 (3.85%) MongoDB
5 365 (3.78%) Power BI
6 364 (3.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 354 (3.66%) Data Warehouse
8 312 (3.23%) NoSQL
8 312 (3.23%) PostgreSQL
9 296 (3.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 201 (2.08%) Big Data
11 172 (1.78%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 128 (1.32%) Oracle Database
12 128 (1.32%) Redis
13 116 (1.20%) Hadoop
13 116 (1.20%) RDBMS
14 115 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
15 109 (1.13%) Azure SQL Database
16 79 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 74 (0.77%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,201 (12.43%) Git (software)
2 619 (6.41%) Jenkins
3 430 (4.45%) JIRA
4 322 (3.33%) Maven
5 282 (2.92%) JUnit
6 245 (2.54%) Visual Studio
7 203 (2.10%) Mockito
8 188 (1.95%) Selenium
9 182 (1.88%) Subversion
10 171 (1.77%) Team Foundation Server
11 158 (1.63%) Cucumber
12 154 (1.59%) TeamCity
13 147 (1.52%) Gradle
14 131 (1.36%) Jasmine
15 124 (1.28%) Bitbucket
16 122 (1.26%) GitLab
17 118 (1.22%) webpack
18 115 (1.19%) gulp
19 89 (0.92%) Xcode
20 85 (0.88%) Grunt
General
1 1,859 (19.24%) Finance
2 1,062 (10.99%) Banking
3 760 (7.86%) Front Office
4 616 (6.37%) Public Sector
5 500 (5.17%) Investment Banking
6 189 (1.96%) Retail
7 155 (1.60%) Marketing
8 137 (1.42%) Law
9 109 (1.13%) Telecoms
10 107 (1.11%) Games
11 79 (0.82%) Manufacturing
12 71 (0.73%) Financial Institution
13 69 (0.71%) Electronics
14 60 (0.62%) Back Office
15 44 (0.46%) Legal
16 37 (0.38%) General Ledger
17 35 (0.36%) Advertising
17 35 (0.36%) Publishing
17 35 (0.36%) Retail Banking
18 26 (0.27%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,861 (19.26%) .NET
2 1,695 (17.54%) HTML
3 1,595 (16.50%) CSS
4 1,417 (14.66%) React
5 1,401 (14.50%) AngularJS
6 1,130 (11.69%) Web Services
7 1,010 (10.45%) Node.js
8 947 (9.80%) Spring
9 820 (8.49%) REST
10 709 (7.34%) RESTful
11 670 (6.93%) HTML5
12 624 (6.46%) ASP.NET
13 573 (5.93%) Spring Boot
14 452 (4.68%) .NET Core
15 442 (4.57%) .NET Framework
16 418 (4.33%) jQuery
17 416 (4.30%) Redux
18 404 (4.18%) SOAP
19 397 (4.11%) XML
20 395 (4.09%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 565 (5.85%) User Experience
2 504 (5.22%) Greenfield Project
3 476 (4.93%) Fixed Income
4 469 (4.85%) Analytical Skills
5 413 (4.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 311 (3.22%) Derivative
7 275 (2.85%) Mobile App
8 241 (2.49%) Equities
9 240 (2.48%) Hedge funds
10 132 (1.37%) Data Structures
10 132 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
11 111 (1.15%) Algorithms
12 108 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
13 72 (0.75%) Cloud Native
14 66 (0.68%) Virtual Team
15 60 (0.62%) NHS
16 49 (0.51%) Public Cloud
17 48 (0.50%) Credit Risk
18 46 (0.48%) Market Risk
19 35 (0.36%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 679 (7.03%) Linux
2 437 (4.52%) Android
3 346 (3.58%) Unix
4 307 (3.18%) Apple iOS
5 293 (3.03%) Windows
6 114 (1.18%) Mac OS X
7 78 (0.81%) Windows Server
8 26 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 26 (0.27%) Windows 10
9 24 (0.25%) Mac OS
10 15 (0.16%) AIX
10 15 (0.16%) CentOS
11 13 (0.13%) Solaris
12 11 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
12 11 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
13 9 (0.093%) Ubuntu
14 8 (0.083%) Windows 7
15 7 (0.072%) Amazon Linux
15 7 (0.072%) Debian
15 7 (0.072%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,655 (37.82%) Agile Software Development
2 1,496 (15.48%) TDD
3 1,431 (14.81%) Microservices
4 1,258 (13.02%) DevOps
5 1,009 (10.44%) Scrum
6 908 (9.40%) Front End Development
7 858 (8.88%) Test Automation
8 772 (7.99%) Software Engineering
9 680 (7.04%) MVC
10 671 (6.94%) BDD
11 645 (6.67%) Business Intelligence
12 641 (6.63%) Continuous Integration
13 613 (6.34%) Web Development
14 572 (5.92%) OO
15 543 (5.62%) Problem-Solving
16 517 (5.35%) Unit Testing
17 454 (4.70%) SDLC
18 446 (4.62%) Pair Programming
19 444 (4.59%) Migration
20 411 (4.25%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 3,062 (31.68%) Java
2 2,852 (29.51%) JavaScript
3 2,219 (22.96%) SQL
4 2,022 (20.92%) C#
5 1,350 (13.97%) Python
6 626 (6.48%) Java 8
7 593 (6.14%) TypeScript
8 383 (3.96%) PHP
9 382 (3.95%) T-SQL
10 364 (3.77%) C++
11 308 (3.19%) Kotlin
12 260 (2.69%) PL/SQL
13 242 (2.50%) Scala
14 216 (2.24%) Ruby
15 200 (2.07%) C
16 197 (2.04%) ES6
17 188 (1.95%) PowerShell
18 169 (1.75%) Shell Script
19 158 (1.63%) Apple Swift
20 127 (1.31%) VBA
Qualifications
1 921 (9.53%) Security Cleared
2 751 (7.77%) SC Cleared
3 388 (4.01%) Degree
4 171 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 106 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
6 93 (0.96%) DV Cleared
7 44 (0.46%) DBS Check
8 31 (0.32%) Master's Degree
8 31 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
9 11 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
9 11 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
10 10 (0.10%) AWS Certification
10 10 (0.10%) Sun Certification
11 9 (0.093%) OCPJP
11 9 (0.093%) PhD
12 8 (0.083%) MCITP
13 7 (0.072%) MCSD
14 6 (0.062%) MCAD
14 6 (0.062%) MCPD
14 6 (0.062%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 241 (2.49%) QA
2 87 (0.90%) WCAG
3 72 (0.75%) Data Quality
4 24 (0.25%) GDPR
5 23 (0.24%) SLA
6 19 (0.20%) MiFID
7 16 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
8 12 (0.12%) HL7
9 9 (0.093%) Solvency II
10 6 (0.062%) Basel III
10 6 (0.062%) PMO
11 5 (0.052%) WAI
12 4 (0.041%) Government Security Classifications
12 4 (0.041%) IFRS
13 3 (0.031%) PCI DSS
13 3 (0.031%) PSD2
14 2 (0.021%) ISO 9001
14 2 (0.021%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 1 (0.010%) Good Clinical Practice
15 1 (0.010%) GxP
System Software
1 1,037 (10.73%) Docker
2 98 (1.01%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.17%) HDFS
3 16 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
4 11 (0.11%) NFS
5 9 (0.093%) OpenAM
5 9 (0.093%) OpenDJ
6 7 (0.072%) Microsoft App-V
7 6 (0.062%) Firmware
7 6 (0.062%) Postfix
7 6 (0.062%) VMware Infrastructure
7 6 (0.062%) vSphere
8 5 (0.052%) NDS
8 5 (0.052%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.041%) Apache Flume
9 4 (0.041%) LXC
9 4 (0.041%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 3 (0.031%) GridGain
11 2 (0.021%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.021%) BusyBox
Systems Management
1 761 (7.87%) Kubernetes
2 233 (2.41%) Terraform
3 111 (1.15%) Ansible
4 59 (0.61%) Kibana
5 43 (0.44%) logstash
6 40 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
7 32 (0.33%) Puppet
8 31 (0.32%) Prometheus
9 21 (0.22%) Zipkin
10 18 (0.19%) Grafana
10 18 (0.19%) MIIS
11 11 (0.11%) Packer
12 10 (0.10%) Consul
12 10 (0.10%) HP Quality Center
12 10 (0.10%) Tivoli
13 9 (0.093%) Docker Swarm
13 9 (0.093%) SCCM
14 7 (0.072%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 6 (0.062%) Oozie
Vendors
1 831 (8.60%) Oracle
2 825 (8.54%) Microsoft
3 318 (3.29%) Google
4 232 (2.40%) SAP
5 207 (2.14%) Salesforce.com
6 120 (1.24%) Tableau
7 96 (0.99%) IBM
8 79 (0.82%) Adobe
9 75 (0.78%) ServiceNow
10 60 (0.62%) Informatica
11 59 (0.61%) MuleSoft
12 58 (0.60%) webMethods
13 56 (0.58%) Xamarin
14 52 (0.54%) Sybase
14 52 (0.54%) Talend
15 49 (0.51%) Databricks
16 47 (0.49%) BEA
17 46 (0.48%) TIBCO
18 44 (0.46%) Sitecore
18 44 (0.46%) Splunk