Period
to 17 January 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 17 January 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 17,150 26,462 26,106
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.55% 26.62% 26.02%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.10% 28.10% 27.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,197 19,652 19,486
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 126 153 182
UK median hourly rate £38.00 £43.50 £41.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.64% +5.14% +3.44%
10th Percentile £17.21 £21.28 £21.25
90th Percentile £72.50 £60.55 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year -20.45% +6.02% +3.75%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 68,336 94,162 95,242
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.83% 94.71% 94.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,506 62,220 63,272
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £240 £269 £260
90th Percentile £644 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,714 2,884 2,788
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £18.70 £18.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +1.08% +2.78%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £51.75 £48.75 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +2.86% - -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 17 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 17 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 15,857 £475 - 7,616
London 0 8,747 £525 - 2,857
UK excluding London 0 8,026 £425 - 5,320
South East 0 2,127 £438 -2.78% 1,259
North of England 0 2,015 £400 - 1,489
South West -1 1,164 £430 +1.18% 682
Midlands 0 1,080 £400 -2.44% 815
North West 0 1,079 £400 - 816
Scotland 0 776 £425 +3.03% 332
Yorkshire 0 763 £416 +4.06% 499
West Midlands 0 661 £425 +3.66% 415
East of England -1 590 £425 -2.86% 514
East Midlands +1 416 £375 -7.29% 400
North East -1 179 £405 +0.62% 175
Wales -4 171 £425 -5.56% 167
Northern Ireland +1 104 £425 +3.16% 61
Channel Islands -4 6 - - 3

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 17 January 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 6,397 (37.30%) Agile Software Development
2 5,567 (32.46%) JavaScript
3 4,407 (25.70%) Java
4 4,146 (24.17%) SQL
5 3,687 (21.50%) C#
6 3,619 (21.10%) .NET
7 3,569 (20.81%) HTML
8 3,361 (19.60%) CSS
9 2,901 (16.92%) TDD
10 2,796 (16.30%) Finance
11 2,704 (15.77%) AngularJS
12 2,509 (14.63%) Azure
13 2,454 (14.31%) React
14 2,378 (13.87%) SQL Server
15 2,145 (12.51%) Microservices
16 2,125 (12.39%) Python
17 2,114 (12.33%) Git (software)
18 2,053 (11.97%) AWS
19 1,905 (11.11%) Node.js
20 1,845 (10.76%) Scrum
21 1,778 (10.37%) Microsoft
22 1,744 (10.17%) DevOps
23 1,617 (9.43%) Front End Development
24 1,570 (9.15%) Spring
25 1,561 (9.10%) Web Services
26 1,533 (8.94%) MVC
27 1,496 (8.72%) Docker
28 1,423 (8.30%) REST
29 1,387 (8.09%) RESTful
30 1,383 (8.06%) Business Intelligence

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 392 (2.29%) Confluence
2 373 (2.17%) CMS
3 340 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
4 339 (1.98%) SharePoint
5 256 (1.49%) Apache
6 233 (1.36%) Apache Spark
7 168 (0.98%) Drupal
8 149 (0.87%) Tomcat
9 148 (0.86%) Umbraco
10 145 (0.85%) WordPress
11 131 (0.76%) WebLogic
12 96 (0.56%) IIS
13 95 (0.55%) WebSphere
14 82 (0.48%) JBoss
14 82 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 79 (0.46%) nginx
16 76 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
17 71 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
18 67 (0.39%) SAS
19 55 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 286 (1.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 84 (0.49%) Photoshop
3 77 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
4 37 (0.22%) Sketch
5 34 (0.20%) MS Visio
6 25 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
7 22 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 20 (0.12%) Chatbot
8 20 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
9 19 (0.11%) Zeplin
10 18 (0.10%) InVision
11 17 (0.099%) XMetaL
12 16 (0.093%) GIMP
13 12 (0.070%) Adobe XD
14 11 (0.064%) InfoPath
15 9 (0.052%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 8 (0.047%) FileZilla
17 7 (0.041%) Figma
17 7 (0.041%) Notepad++
18 6 (0.035%) Lectora
Business Applications
1 304 (1.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 156 (0.91%) Magento
3 70 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
4 43 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
5 39 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
6 32 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
7 28 (0.16%) NetSuite
8 27 (0.16%) Shopify
9 26 (0.15%) FINCAD Analytics
10 23 (0.13%) Maximo
11 21 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
12 20 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
12 20 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
13 19 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
14 18 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
14 18 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
15 17 (0.099%) ION MarketView
15 17 (0.099%) Oracle Payables
16 16 (0.093%) BASE24
17 15 (0.087%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 2,509 (14.63%) Azure
2 2,053 (11.97%) AWS
3 852 (4.97%) Power Platform
4 644 (3.76%) Serverless
5 477 (2.78%) GCP
6 464 (2.71%) GitHub
7 330 (1.92%) AWS Lambda
8 299 (1.74%) Dynamics 365
9 232 (1.35%) Amazon S3
10 214 (1.25%) SaaS
11 201 (1.17%) Amazon EC2
12 192 (1.12%) PaaS
13 189 (1.10%) Azure Functions
14 154 (0.90%) OpenShift
15 152 (0.89%) npm
16 146 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
17 129 (0.75%) Azure Data Factory
17 129 (0.75%) Office 365
18 111 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
19 94 (0.55%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 319 (1.86%) HTTP
2 120 (0.70%) TCP/IP
3 99 (0.58%) Internet
4 74 (0.43%) SSL
5 67 (0.39%) HTTPS
6 56 (0.33%) FTP
7 39 (0.23%) DNS
7 39 (0.23%) Intranet
8 37 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
9 36 (0.21%) Ethernet
10 33 (0.19%) IPv6
11 31 (0.18%) IPv4
12 29 (0.17%) SSH
13 27 (0.16%) DSL
14 22 (0.13%) Skype
15 21 (0.12%) Multicast
16 20 (0.12%) Bluetooth
17 19 (0.11%) Firewall
17 19 (0.11%) Wireshark
18 18 (0.10%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,378 (13.87%) SQL Server
2 878 (5.12%) MySQL
3 864 (5.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 791 (4.61%) Power BI
5 765 (4.46%) Relational Database
6 715 (4.17%) Data Warehouse
7 689 (4.02%) PostgreSQL
8 663 (3.87%) NoSQL
9 631 (3.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 599 (3.49%) MongoDB
11 379 (2.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 352 (2.05%) Big Data
13 320 (1.87%) Oracle Database
14 231 (1.35%) Azure SQL Database
15 224 (1.31%) Hadoop
16 205 (1.20%) RDBMS
17 194 (1.13%) Redis
18 158 (0.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 144 (0.84%) Amazon RDS
20 140 (0.82%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,114 (12.33%) Git (software)
2 1,146 (6.68%) Jenkins
3 867 (5.06%) JIRA
4 516 (3.01%) JUnit
5 507 (2.96%) Maven
6 455 (2.65%) Visual Studio
7 388 (2.26%) Selenium
8 354 (2.06%) Team Foundation Server
9 343 (2.00%) TeamCity
10 306 (1.78%) Cucumber
11 294 (1.71%) webpack
12 280 (1.63%) Mockito
13 239 (1.39%) Bitbucket
14 238 (1.39%) gulp
15 232 (1.35%) Subversion
16 203 (1.18%) Jasmine
17 189 (1.10%) Gradle
18 180 (1.05%) Octopus Deploy
19 177 (1.03%) Grunt
20 164 (0.96%) NUnit
General
1 2,796 (16.30%) Finance
2 1,271 (7.41%) Banking
3 807 (4.71%) Public Sector
4 729 (4.25%) Front Office
5 449 (2.62%) Retail
6 360 (2.10%) Investment Banking
7 335 (1.95%) Marketing
8 238 (1.39%) Law
9 198 (1.15%) Games
10 190 (1.11%) Telecoms
11 152 (0.89%) Manufacturing
12 121 (0.71%) Back Office
13 105 (0.61%) Publishing
14 92 (0.54%) Electronics
15 87 (0.51%) Financial Institution
16 85 (0.50%) Advertising
17 67 (0.39%) Legal
18 44 (0.26%) Retail Banking
19 42 (0.24%) Automotive
19 42 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,619 (21.10%) .NET
2 3,569 (20.81%) HTML
3 3,361 (19.60%) CSS
4 2,704 (15.77%) AngularJS
5 2,454 (14.31%) React
6 1,905 (11.11%) Node.js
7 1,570 (9.15%) Spring
8 1,561 (9.10%) Web Services
9 1,423 (8.30%) REST
10 1,387 (8.09%) RESTful
11 1,313 (7.66%) HTML5
12 1,194 (6.96%) ASP.NET
13 895 (5.22%) XML
14 880 (5.13%) JSON
15 845 (4.93%) jQuery
16 833 (4.86%) .NET Core
16 833 (4.86%) CSS3
17 815 (4.75%) Redux
18 738 (4.30%) Spring Boot
19 732 (4.27%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 1,104 (6.44%) Greenfield Project
2 908 (5.29%) User Experience
3 784 (4.57%) Analytical Skills
4 511 (2.98%) Mobile App
5 345 (2.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 288 (1.68%) Derivative
7 277 (1.62%) Fixed Income
8 268 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
9 255 (1.49%) Data Structures
10 252 (1.47%) Equities
11 251 (1.46%) Algorithms
12 193 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
13 188 (1.10%) Hedge funds
14 116 (0.68%) Virtual Team
15 99 (0.58%) W3C
16 92 (0.54%) Cloud Native
17 88 (0.51%) NHS
18 84 (0.49%) Linux Command Line
19 83 (0.48%) Management Information System
20 75 (0.44%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,064 (6.20%) Linux
2 664 (3.87%) Android
3 549 (3.20%) Apple iOS
4 531 (3.10%) Unix
5 466 (2.72%) Windows
6 52 (0.30%) Mac OS
7 46 (0.27%) Windows Server
8 44 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 39 (0.23%) Mac OS X
9 39 (0.23%) Ubuntu
10 36 (0.21%) AIX
11 35 (0.20%) CentOS
12 26 (0.15%) VMS
13 23 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
14 21 (0.12%) Solaris
15 18 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
16 17 (0.099%) Oracle Linux
16 17 (0.099%) Windows 10
17 16 (0.093%) Debian
18 15 (0.087%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,397 (37.30%) Agile Software Development
2 2,901 (16.92%) TDD
3 2,145 (12.51%) Microservices
4 1,845 (10.76%) Scrum
5 1,744 (10.17%) DevOps
6 1,617 (9.43%) Front End Development
7 1,533 (8.94%) MVC
8 1,383 (8.06%) Business Intelligence
9 1,363 (7.95%) Test Automation
10 1,338 (7.80%) Continuous Integration
11 1,161 (6.77%) BDD
12 1,056 (6.16%) Software Engineering
13 1,050 (6.12%) OO
14 973 (5.67%) Web Development
15 926 (5.40%) Unit Testing
16 886 (5.17%) Problem-Solving
17 866 (5.05%) ETL
18 766 (4.47%) Analytics
19 678 (3.95%) E-Commerce
20 670 (3.91%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 5,567 (32.46%) JavaScript
2 4,407 (25.70%) Java
3 4,146 (24.17%) SQL
4 3,687 (21.50%) C#
5 2,125 (12.39%) Python
6 1,013 (5.91%) PHP
7 981 (5.72%) TypeScript
8 850 (4.96%) Java 8
9 637 (3.71%) T-SQL
10 587 (3.42%) C++
11 549 (3.20%) Scala
12 538 (3.14%) Ruby
13 468 (2.73%) PL/SQL
14 455 (2.65%) ES6
15 400 (2.33%) Kotlin
16 337 (1.97%) PowerShell
17 295 (1.72%) Apple Swift
18 277 (1.62%) C
19 228 (1.33%) Shell Script
20 208 (1.21%) R
Qualifications
1 1,122 (6.54%) Security Cleared
2 842 (4.91%) SC Cleared
3 656 (3.83%) Degree
4 223 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 143 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
6 101 (0.59%) DV Cleared
7 64 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
8 51 (0.30%) DBS Check
9 38 (0.22%) Master's Degree
10 27 (0.16%) BC Cleared
11 21 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
12 16 (0.093%) ISTQB
13 15 (0.087%) AWS Certification
13 15 (0.087%) CTC Cleared
14 14 (0.082%) PhD
15 13 (0.076%) Sun Certification
16 11 (0.064%) MCSE
17 9 (0.052%) ISEB
18 8 (0.047%) ITIL Certification
18 8 (0.047%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 391 (2.28%) QA
2 131 (0.76%) Data Quality
3 122 (0.71%) WCAG
4 44 (0.26%) GDPR
5 29 (0.17%) MiFID
6 21 (0.12%) SLA
7 20 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
8 19 (0.11%) PSD2
9 17 (0.099%) PCI DSS
10 16 (0.093%) PMO
11 9 (0.052%) EMIR
11 9 (0.052%) HL7
12 7 (0.041%) IFRS
13 5 (0.029%) SEPA
14 4 (0.023%) COREP
14 4 (0.023%) JTAG
15 3 (0.017%) ISO 9001
16 2 (0.012%) FINREP
16 2 (0.012%) GxP
16 2 (0.012%) Solvency II
System Software
1 1,496 (8.72%) Docker
2 157 (0.92%) Active Directory
3 54 (0.31%) HDFS
4 53 (0.31%) Postfix
5 41 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
6 38 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
7 24 (0.14%) vSphere
8 19 (0.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 12 (0.070%) OpenAM
9 12 (0.070%) OpenDJ
10 10 (0.058%) Oracle RAC
11 8 (0.047%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 8 (0.047%) VirtualBox
12 7 (0.041%) Firmware
12 7 (0.041%) NDS
12 7 (0.041%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 5 (0.029%) Apache Flume
13 5 (0.029%) OpenIDM
13 5 (0.029%) Varnish
13 5 (0.029%) zsh
Systems Management
1 855 (4.99%) Kubernetes
2 267 (1.56%) Terraform
3 179 (1.04%) Ansible
4 94 (0.55%) Kibana
5 80 (0.47%) Puppet
6 66 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
7 65 (0.38%) Grafana
8 43 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
9 34 (0.20%) logstash
10 33 (0.19%) MIIS
11 27 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
12 24 (0.14%) Tivoli
13 19 (0.11%) Microsoft Intune
14 18 (0.10%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 17 (0.099%) Control-M
15 17 (0.099%) Prometheus
16 15 (0.087%) Hadoop YARN
17 10 (0.058%) Packer
18 7 (0.041%) Oozie
18 7 (0.041%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 1,778 (10.37%) Microsoft
2 1,270 (7.41%) Oracle
3 510 (2.97%) Google
4 357 (2.08%) Salesforce.com
5 315 (1.84%) Tableau
6 313 (1.83%) SAP
7 198 (1.15%) IBM
8 187 (1.09%) ServiceNow
9 150 (0.87%) Adobe
10 146 (0.85%) Xamarin
11 126 (0.73%) Sitecore
12 116 (0.68%) Informatica
13 107 (0.62%) MuleSoft
14 104 (0.61%) Atlassian
15 101 (0.59%) Talend
16 94 (0.55%) Cognos
17 80 (0.47%) Apple
18 77 (0.45%) webMethods
19 76 (0.44%) TIBCO
20 75 (0.44%) Sybase