Period
to 23 May 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
23 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 26,288 23,620 24,241
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.08% 26.18% 22.97%
As % of the Job Titles category 27.50% 27.58% 24.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,425 17,088 17,485
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +4.29% +1.88%
10th Percentile £313 £303 £281
90th Percentile £625 £613 £599
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £376 £375
% change year-on-year +6.38% +0.27% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 132 219 320
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% +8.11%
10th Percentile £11.38 £24.80 £18.56
90th Percentile £75.00 £57.50 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% +8.11%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 95,603 85,648 100,353
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.86% 94.92% 95.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 62,760 55,577 65,036
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £263 £263 £251
90th Percentile £631 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +2.50% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,998 2,884 3,141
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.75 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.97% -6.28% +14.29%
10th Percentile £10.78 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £50.00 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% -7.69% +18.18%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 24,264 £463 +8.82% 8,356
London 0 13,857 £500 +5.26% 3,320
UK excluding London -1 12,068 £400 +6.38% 5,539
South East -1 3,657 £425 +6.25% 1,420
North of England -1 3,113 £388 +3.33% 1,531
Midlands -1 1,664 £388 +3.33% 912
North West 0 1,548 £375 - 865
Yorkshire 0 1,344 £400 +5.26% 524
South West 0 1,141 £400 +5.26% 600
Scotland -1 1,137 £400 +10.34% 323
West Midlands -1 1,016 £400 +6.67% 502
East of England 0 800 £425 +6.25% 572
East Midlands -1 634 £375 +2.04% 406
Wales 0 317 £400 - 120
Northern Ireland 0 276 £455 +10.30% 58
North East -2 229 £363 +3.57% 142

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 23 May 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 10,390 (39.52%) Agile Software Development
2 9,266 (35.25%) JavaScript
3 8,222 (31.28%) Java
4 7,008 (26.66%) HTML
5 6,410 (24.38%) CSS
6 6,129 (23.31%) C#
7 6,066 (23.08%) SQL
8 5,783 (22.00%) TDD
9 5,668 (21.56%) .NET
10 4,939 (18.79%) AngularJS
11 4,869 (18.52%) Finance
12 4,092 (15.57%) SQL Server
13 3,851 (14.65%) Git (software)
14 3,474 (13.22%) MVC
15 3,248 (12.36%) React
16 3,218 (12.24%) HTML5
17 3,043 (11.58%) Scrum
18 3,026 (11.51%) Spring
19 3,002 (11.42%) Node.js
20 2,846 (10.83%) Web Services
21 2,840 (10.80%) Front End Development
22 2,762 (10.51%) REST
23 2,640 (10.04%) Banking
24 2,631 (10.01%) Microservices
25 2,569 (9.77%) Continuous Integration
26 2,522 (9.59%) BDD
27 2,479 (9.43%) RESTful
28 2,392 (9.10%) jQuery
29 2,372 (9.02%) OO
30 2,361 (8.98%) Python

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 644 (2.45%) CMS
2 599 (2.28%) Apache
3 585 (2.23%) Elasticsearch
4 547 (2.08%) Tomcat
5 537 (2.04%) Apache Spark
6 463 (1.76%) Confluence
7 440 (1.67%) SharePoint
8 436 (1.66%) WebSphere
9 326 (1.24%) JBoss
10 270 (1.03%) WordPress
11 252 (0.96%) WebLogic
12 250 (0.95%) Drupal
13 208 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 206 (0.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 176 (0.67%) IIS
16 165 (0.63%) Umbraco
17 159 (0.60%) Mule
18 149 (0.57%) SAS
19 142 (0.54%) NServiceBus
20 126 (0.48%) OpenStack
Applications
1 427 (1.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 166 (0.63%) Photoshop
3 154 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
4 73 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
5 71 (0.27%) MS Visio
6 61 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
7 54 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 37 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 26 (0.099%) GIMP
10 25 (0.095%) InfoPath
11 19 (0.072%) Microsoft Project
11 19 (0.072%) OmniGraffle
12 17 (0.065%) InVision
13 16 (0.061%) Chatbot
14 9 (0.034%) Maya
15 8 (0.030%) Adobe Captivate
16 6 (0.023%) InDesign
16 6 (0.023%) SPSS
16 6 (0.023%) Stata
17 5 (0.019%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 368 (1.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 220 (0.84%) Magento
3 79 (0.30%) ION MarketView
4 61 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 58 (0.22%) Markit EDM
6 41 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
7 36 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
8 32 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
9 26 (0.099%) Endur
10 24 (0.091%) Elite 3E
10 24 (0.091%) SAP S/4HANA
11 23 (0.087%) Cognos TM1
11 23 (0.087%) Oracle BPM
12 18 (0.068%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 18 (0.068%) thinkFolio
13 17 (0.065%) Oracle EBS R12
13 17 (0.065%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 16 (0.061%) Adobe Campaign
15 14 (0.053%) Oracle Payables
15 14 (0.053%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 2,177 (8.28%) Amazon AWS
2 1,978 (7.52%) Microsoft Azure
3 535 (2.04%) GitHub
4 386 (1.47%) npm
5 373 (1.42%) Serverless
6 267 (1.02%) Google Cloud Platform
7 223 (0.85%) PaaS
8 180 (0.68%) Amazon EC2
8 180 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
9 178 (0.68%) Dynamics 365
10 171 (0.65%) Amazon S3
11 168 (0.64%) AWS Lambda
12 166 (0.63%) SaaS
13 132 (0.50%) OpenShift
14 121 (0.46%) Office 365
15 114 (0.43%) IaaS
16 112 (0.43%) Heroku
17 68 (0.26%) Amazon SQS
18 64 (0.24%) Google Analytics
19 63 (0.24%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 557 (2.12%) HTTP
2 189 (0.72%) Internet
3 170 (0.65%) TCP/IP
4 145 (0.55%) SMS
5 116 (0.44%) FTP
6 108 (0.41%) SSL
7 65 (0.25%) Kerberos
8 57 (0.22%) Intranet
9 53 (0.20%) DNS
10 49 (0.19%) Skype
11 40 (0.15%) Firewall
12 34 (0.13%) SMTP
13 26 (0.099%) Bluetooth
13 26 (0.099%) HTTPS
14 25 (0.095%) Wi-Fi
15 24 (0.091%) AMQP
16 23 (0.087%) SSH
17 18 (0.068%) Network Security
18 16 (0.061%) Link 11
18 16 (0.061%) Link 16
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,092 (15.57%) SQL Server
2 1,484 (5.65%) Relational Database
3 1,373 (5.22%) MySQL
4 1,316 (5.01%) NoSQL
5 1,127 (4.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,087 (4.13%) PostgreSQL
7 1,027 (3.91%) MongoDB
8 997 (3.79%) Data Warehouse
9 913 (3.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 907 (3.45%) Big Data
11 646 (2.46%) Hadoop
12 484 (1.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 483 (1.84%) RDBMS
14 479 (1.82%) Oracle Database
15 424 (1.61%) Power BI
16 389 (1.48%) SQL Server 2012
17 381 (1.45%) Redis
18 314 (1.19%) Apache Cassandra
19 301 (1.15%) SQL Server 2008
20 250 (0.95%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 3,851 (14.65%) Git (software)
2 2,171 (8.26%) Jenkins
3 1,277 (4.86%) Maven
4 1,237 (4.71%) JIRA
5 913 (3.47%) JUnit
6 861 (3.28%) Visual Studio
7 715 (2.72%) Selenium
8 681 (2.59%) Subversion
9 645 (2.45%) webpack
10 627 (2.39%) Team Foundation Server
11 612 (2.33%) gulp
12 562 (2.14%) Cucumber
13 526 (2.00%) TeamCity
14 493 (1.88%) Jasmine
15 492 (1.87%) Grunt
16 465 (1.77%) Mockito
17 431 (1.64%) Gradle
18 428 (1.63%) NUnit
19 326 (1.24%) Karma Test Runner
20 317 (1.21%) Eclipse
General
1 4,869 (18.52%) Finance
2 2,640 (10.04%) Banking
3 1,283 (4.88%) Front Office
4 751 (2.86%) Investment Banking
5 744 (2.83%) Retail
6 517 (1.97%) Marketing
7 406 (1.54%) Games
8 382 (1.45%) Telecoms
9 269 (1.02%) Law
10 229 (0.87%) Manufacturing
11 215 (0.82%) Financial Institution
12 207 (0.79%) Advertising
13 161 (0.61%) Back Office
14 152 (0.58%) Legal
15 144 (0.55%) Electronics
16 143 (0.54%) Publishing
17 117 (0.45%) Retail Banking
18 84 (0.32%) Automotive
19 46 (0.17%) Billing
19 46 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,008 (26.66%) HTML
2 6,410 (24.38%) CSS
3 5,668 (21.56%) .NET
4 4,939 (18.79%) AngularJS
5 3,248 (12.36%) React
6 3,218 (12.24%) HTML5
7 3,026 (11.51%) Spring
8 3,002 (11.42%) Node.js
9 2,846 (10.83%) Web Services
10 2,762 (10.51%) REST
11 2,479 (9.43%) RESTful
12 2,392 (9.10%) jQuery
13 2,359 (8.97%) ASP.NET
14 2,173 (8.27%) CSS3
15 1,660 (6.31%) XML
16 1,516 (5.77%) JSON
17 1,352 (5.14%) ASP.NET Web API
18 1,303 (4.96%) Sass
19 1,273 (4.84%) SOAP
20 1,265 (4.81%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 1,808 (6.88%) Greenfield Project
2 1,462 (5.56%) User Experience
3 1,068 (4.06%) Analytical Skills
4 813 (3.09%) Mobile App
5 761 (2.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 672 (2.56%) Computer Science
7 669 (2.54%) Fintech
8 506 (1.92%) Derivative
9 474 (1.80%) Algorithms
9 474 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
10 419 (1.59%) Fixed Income
11 375 (1.43%) Data Structures
12 325 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
13 295 (1.12%) Equities
14 252 (0.96%) Hedge funds
15 157 (0.60%) Linux Command Line
16 151 (0.57%) Equity Derivative
17 141 (0.54%) Virtual Team
18 129 (0.49%) Management Information System
19 124 (0.47%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2,239 (8.52%) Linux
2 1,264 (4.81%) Unix
3 938 (3.57%) Android
4 907 (3.45%) Windows
5 805 (3.06%) Apple iOS
6 125 (0.48%) Mac OS X
7 97 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 86 (0.33%) Ubuntu
9 82 (0.31%) Windows Server
10 73 (0.28%) CentOS
11 51 (0.19%) VMS
12 48 (0.18%) Solaris
13 40 (0.15%) AIX
13 40 (0.15%) Mac OS
14 29 (0.11%) Windows 7
14 29 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
15 28 (0.11%) Windows 10
16 21 (0.080%) Windows Server 2008
17 20 (0.076%) Embedded Linux
18 14 (0.053%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,390 (39.52%) Agile Software Development
2 5,783 (22.00%) TDD
3 3,474 (13.22%) MVC
4 3,043 (11.58%) Scrum
5 2,840 (10.80%) Front End Development
6 2,631 (10.01%) Microservices
7 2,569 (9.77%) Continuous Integration
8 2,522 (9.59%) BDD
9 2,372 (9.02%) OO
10 2,122 (8.07%) Test Automation
11 2,037 (7.75%) Web Development
12 1,744 (6.63%) Unit Testing
13 1,731 (6.58%) DevOps
14 1,572 (5.98%) E-Commerce
15 1,544 (5.87%) Software Engineering
16 1,495 (5.69%) Business Intelligence
17 1,425 (5.42%) Problem-Solving
18 1,215 (4.62%) Multithreading
19 1,068 (4.06%) SDLC
20 1,030 (3.92%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 9,266 (35.25%) JavaScript
2 8,222 (31.28%) Java
3 6,129 (23.31%) C#
4 6,066 (23.08%) SQL
5 2,361 (8.98%) Python
6 1,939 (7.38%) Java 8
7 1,370 (5.21%) PHP
8 1,081 (4.11%) C++
9 1,074 (4.09%) Scala
10 1,019 (3.88%) TypeScript
11 994 (3.78%) T-SQL
12 955 (3.63%) ES6
13 639 (2.43%) Ruby
14 632 (2.40%) PL/SQL
15 399 (1.52%) VB.NET
16 344 (1.31%) VBA
17 331 (1.26%) Shell Script
18 330 (1.26%) C
19 326 (1.24%) Go
20 325 (1.24%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,134 (4.31%) Security Cleared
2 1,035 (3.94%) Degree
3 803 (3.05%) SC Cleared
4 311 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 116 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
6 97 (0.37%) DV Cleared
7 87 (0.33%) Master's Degree
8 74 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
9 65 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
10 50 (0.19%) PhD
11 24 (0.091%) DBS Check
12 19 (0.072%) ITIL Certification
13 17 (0.065%) MCSE
14 16 (0.061%) BC Cleared
14 16 (0.061%) Oracle Certification
15 15 (0.057%) Siebel Certification
16 13 (0.049%) CTC Cleared
17 12 (0.046%) Sun Certification
18 10 (0.038%) MCP
18 10 (0.038%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 606 (2.31%) QA
2 206 (0.78%) Data Quality
3 94 (0.36%) GDPR
4 89 (0.34%) GCP
5 62 (0.24%) MiFID
6 59 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
7 55 (0.21%) PCI DSS
8 42 (0.16%) HL7
8 42 (0.16%) SLA
9 34 (0.13%) PMO
10 33 (0.13%) WCAG
11 26 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 20 (0.076%) EMIR
13 13 (0.049%) ISO 9001
13 13 (0.049%) WAI
14 12 (0.046%) Dodd-Frank
15 11 (0.042%) IFRS
16 8 (0.030%) IFRS 9
16 8 (0.030%) Solvency II
17 7 (0.027%) SEPA
System Software
1 1,754 (6.67%) Docker
2 118 (0.45%) HDFS
3 103 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 83 (0.32%) Active Directory
5 61 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
6 46 (0.17%) Apache Flume
7 33 (0.13%) vSphere
8 28 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
9 19 (0.072%) Hyper-V
10 16 (0.061%) Firmware
11 10 (0.038%) VirtualBox
12 8 (0.030%) GeoWebCache
12 8 (0.030%) Microsoft App-V
12 8 (0.030%) OpenAM
13 7 (0.027%) Platform Symphony
13 7 (0.027%) Varnish
13 7 (0.027%) VMware ESXi
14 6 (0.023%) etcd
14 6 (0.023%) OpenIDM
15 5 (0.019%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 589 (2.24%) Ansible
2 446 (1.70%) Puppet
3 409 (1.56%) Kubernetes
4 359 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
5 298 (1.13%) Terraform
6 115 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
7 79 (0.30%) Kibana
8 76 (0.29%) Grafana
9 70 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
10 44 (0.17%) Mesos
10 44 (0.17%) Salt
11 41 (0.16%) Oozie
12 38 (0.14%) logstash
13 37 (0.14%) HP ALM
14 33 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
15 30 (0.11%) Control-M
16 28 (0.11%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
17 26 (0.099%) Business Desktop Deployment
18 24 (0.091%) Prometheus
19 21 (0.080%) Rancher
Vendors
1 2,264 (8.61%) Oracle
2 2,157 (8.21%) Microsoft
3 504 (1.92%) Google
4 496 (1.89%) SAP
5 416 (1.58%) IBM
6 369 (1.40%) Adobe
7 363 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
8 316 (1.20%) Tableau
9 242 (0.92%) Sitecore
10 210 (0.80%) ServiceNow
11 188 (0.72%) Sybase
12 177 (0.67%) Xamarin
13 175 (0.67%) TIBCO
14 158 (0.60%) Informatica
15 155 (0.59%) MuleSoft
16 154 (0.59%) Splunk
17 143 (0.54%) Capita
18 135 (0.51%) Atlassian
19 132 (0.50%) Zend
20 127 (0.48%) Red Hat