Period
to 11 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 11,755 13,814 24,322
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 22.36% 23.16% 25.20%
As % of the Job Titles category 24.11% 24.68% 26.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,488 9,972 18,070
10th Percentile £319 £330 £325
25th Percentile £400 £400 £398
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £475 £475
75th Percentile £583 £575 £569
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 121 87 125
10th Percentile £21.29 £14.26 £21.32
25th Percentile £34.00 £20.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £44.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.12% -1.11% +12.50%
75th Percentile £57.50 £56.25 £55.00
90th Percentile £65.00 £74.70 £60.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £45.75
% change year-on-year +6.25% -12.57% +7.65%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 48,764 55,965 91,381
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.76% 93.83% 94.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,431 37,163 61,708
10th Percentile £275 £225 £270
25th Percentile £375 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £460 £463
Median % change year-on-year +3.26% -0.54% +2.78%
75th Percentile £575 £569 £569
90th Percentile £660 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,684 2,152 2,679
10th Percentile £11.28 £11.50 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.50 £14.00 £13.00
Median hourly rate £22.46 £18.70 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +20.11% +3.89% +2.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £38.75 £38.77
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.12 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.92 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.11% - -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 9,501 £500 +5.26% 5,541
London -1 6,052 £525 - 2,194
Work from Home -1 3,668 £475 +5.56% 1,442
UK excluding London 0 3,552 £425 - 3,753
North of England 0 937 £414 +3.44% 1,200
South East -1 754 £425 -4.92% 741
Scotland 0 611 £425 - 241
North West -1 502 £400 - 692
Midlands 0 473 £375 -9.09% 699
South West -1 453 £459 +1.94% 383
Yorkshire 0 349 £438 +9.38% 372
West Midlands -4 301 £400 -5.88% 407
East of England -5 187 £450 +2.86% 316
East Midlands +2 161 £350 -6.67% 290
Wales -3 105 £400 -5.88% 122
North East +2 86 £463 +15.26% 136
Northern Ireland -1 36 £431 +1.29% 54
Channel Islands +5 3 £400 -5.88%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 4,088 (34.78%) Agile Software Development
2 3,676 (31.27%) JavaScript
3 3,331 (28.34%) Java
4 2,455 (20.88%) SQL
5 2,259 (19.22%) Finance
6 2,058 (17.51%) Azure
7 2,018 (17.17%) React
8 1,996 (16.98%) .NET
9 1,970 (16.76%) AWS
10 1,913 (16.27%) HTML
11 1,863 (15.85%) Python
12 1,818 (15.47%) CSS
13 1,800 (15.31%) C#
14 1,770 (15.06%) TDD
15 1,676 (14.26%) Microservices
16 1,611 (13.70%) DevOps
17 1,579 (13.43%) Docker
18 1,575 (13.40%) Node.js
19 1,475 (12.55%) Git (software)
20 1,426 (12.13%) AngularJS
21 1,336 (11.37%) Software Engineering
22 1,294 (11.01%) Kubernetes
23 1,263 (10.74%) Spring
24 1,250 (10.63%) Banking
25 1,135 (9.66%) TypeScript
26 1,114 (9.48%) Web Services
27 1,086 (9.24%) REST
28 1,047 (8.91%) Scrum
29 1,034 (8.80%) Front End Development
30 1,020 (8.68%) SQL Server

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 294 (2.50%) Confluence
2 271 (2.31%) Apache Spark
3 232 (1.97%) Apache
4 200 (1.70%) Elasticsearch
5 195 (1.66%) CMS
5 195 (1.66%) SharePoint
6 131 (1.11%) Mule
7 118 (1.00%) WordPress
8 105 (0.89%) WebLogic
9 79 (0.67%) Red Hat Fuse
10 77 (0.66%) Drupal
11 75 (0.64%) Tomcat
12 68 (0.58%) WebSphere
13 59 (0.50%) IIS
14 58 (0.49%) JBoss
15 57 (0.48%) Oracle Coherence
16 53 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
17 49 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
18 44 (0.37%) Umbraco
19 42 (0.36%) nginx
Applications
1 150 (1.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 52 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (0.26%) Photoshop
3 31 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
4 19 (0.16%) Chatbot
5 17 (0.14%) Figma
6 16 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 14 (0.12%) Adobe XD
8 13 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
8 13 (0.11%) Sketch
9 6 (0.051%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 6 (0.051%) MS Visio
10 5 (0.043%) Adobe Captivate
10 5 (0.043%) GIMP
10 5 (0.043%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.034%) Adobe After Effects
11 4 (0.034%) Adobe Premiere
11 4 (0.034%) Final Cut Pro
11 4 (0.034%) Microsoft Project
11 4 (0.034%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 112 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 66 (0.56%) Magento
3 45 (0.38%) Shopify
4 30 (0.26%) Maximo
5 28 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
6 25 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
7 16 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 15 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 14 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
9 14 (0.12%) Summit
10 13 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
11 12 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
11 12 (0.10%) NetSuite
11 12 (0.10%) SAP PSCD
12 10 (0.085%) Remedy ITSM
13 9 (0.077%) Oracle General Ledger
13 9 (0.077%) Oracle Payables
14 8 (0.068%) Distributed Ledger
14 8 (0.068%) Dynamics NAV
14 8 (0.068%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 2,058 (17.51%) Azure
2 1,970 (16.76%) AWS
3 801 (6.81%) Serverless
4 521 (4.43%) Power Platform
5 519 (4.42%) GCP
6 505 (4.30%) AWS Lambda
7 352 (2.99%) GitHub
8 332 (2.82%) Amazon S3
9 208 (1.77%) Amazon SQS
10 174 (1.48%) SaaS
11 166 (1.41%) PaaS
12 154 (1.31%) AWS Step Functions
13 141 (1.20%) OpenShift
14 138 (1.17%) PowerApps
15 135 (1.15%) Azure Functions
16 130 (1.11%) Dynamics 365
17 127 (1.08%) AWS CloudFormation
18 102 (0.87%) Logic Apps
19 101 (0.86%) Microsoft 365
20 100 (0.85%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 123 (1.05%) HTTP
2 59 (0.50%) SSL
3 54 (0.46%) Internet
4 36 (0.31%) HTTPS
5 33 (0.28%) TCP/IP
6 21 (0.18%) FTP
7 18 (0.15%) Multicast
8 16 (0.14%) DNS
8 16 (0.14%) Firewall
9 13 (0.11%) Broadband
9 13 (0.11%) Intranet
9 13 (0.11%) Kerberos
10 11 (0.094%) ATM
10 11 (0.094%) SSH
10 11 (0.094%) VPN
11 8 (0.068%) IPFS
11 8 (0.068%) Skype
11 8 (0.068%) SMS
11 8 (0.068%) VoIP
12 6 (0.051%) RTMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,020 (8.68%) SQL Server
2 492 (4.19%) NoSQL
3 481 (4.09%) PostgreSQL
4 436 (3.71%) MySQL
5 427 (3.63%) Power BI
5 427 (3.63%) Relational Database
6 414 (3.52%) MongoDB
7 321 (2.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 318 (2.71%) Data Warehouse
9 309 (2.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 257 (2.19%) Big Data
11 218 (1.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 211 (1.79%) Hadoop
13 189 (1.61%) Amazon RDS
14 179 (1.52%) Tableau
15 162 (1.38%) Oracle Database
16 157 (1.34%) Azure SQL Database
17 152 (1.29%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 120 (1.02%) Redis
19 107 (0.91%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,475 (12.55%) Git (software)
2 931 (7.92%) Jenkins
3 625 (5.32%) JIRA
4 395 (3.36%) Maven
5 273 (2.32%) JUnit
6 251 (2.14%) Visual Studio
7 201 (1.71%) webpack
8 197 (1.68%) Bitbucket
9 168 (1.43%) Cucumber
10 153 (1.30%) Subversion
11 150 (1.28%) GitLab
12 141 (1.20%) Gradle
13 139 (1.18%) Selenium
14 136 (1.16%) TeamCity
15 120 (1.02%) Mockito
16 116 (0.99%) Sonatype Nexus
17 114 (0.97%) Cypress.io
18 105 (0.89%) SonarQube
19 101 (0.86%) Team Foundation Server
20 96 (0.82%) gulp
General
1 2,259 (19.22%) Finance
2 1,250 (10.63%) Banking
3 1,012 (8.61%) Front Office
4 558 (4.75%) Public Sector
5 550 (4.68%) Investment Banking
6 228 (1.94%) Retail
7 223 (1.90%) Marketing
8 173 (1.47%) Telecoms
9 109 (0.93%) Law
9 109 (0.93%) Manufacturing
10 93 (0.79%) Games
11 70 (0.60%) Electronics
12 67 (0.57%) Back Office
13 65 (0.55%) Publishing
14 55 (0.47%) Financial Institution
15 47 (0.40%) Advertising
16 39 (0.33%) Automotive
17 38 (0.32%) Retail Banking
18 34 (0.29%) French Language
19 32 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,018 (17.17%) React
2 1,996 (16.98%) .NET
3 1,913 (16.27%) HTML
4 1,818 (15.47%) CSS
5 1,575 (13.40%) Node.js
6 1,426 (12.13%) AngularJS
7 1,263 (10.74%) Spring
8 1,114 (9.48%) Web Services
9 1,086 (9.24%) REST
10 760 (6.47%) Spring Boot
11 736 (6.26%) RESTful
12 655 (5.57%) HTML5
13 647 (5.50%) .NET Core
14 506 (4.30%) Kafka
15 488 (4.15%) ASP.NET
16 486 (4.13%) Redux
17 469 (3.99%) JSON
18 455 (3.87%) XML
19 419 (3.56%) jQuery
20 418 (3.56%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 697 (5.93%) User Experience
2 594 (5.05%) Greenfield Project
3 440 (3.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 429 (3.65%) Analytical Skills
5 374 (3.18%) Fixed Income
6 370 (3.15%) Mobile App
7 290 (2.47%) Derivative
8 276 (2.35%) Data Structures
9 225 (1.91%) Equities
10 183 (1.56%) Algorithms
11 176 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
12 148 (1.26%) Self-Motivation
13 147 (1.25%) Cloud Native
14 143 (1.22%) Hedge funds
15 103 (0.88%) Public Cloud
16 100 (0.85%) Virtual Team
17 99 (0.84%) NHS
18 79 (0.67%) Credit Risk
19 71 (0.60%) Management Information System
20 56 (0.48%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 783 (6.66%) Linux
2 465 (3.96%) Android
3 414 (3.52%) Unix
4 378 (3.22%) Apple iOS
5 281 (2.39%) Windows
6 50 (0.43%) Mac OS X
7 49 (0.42%) Mac OS
8 36 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 22 (0.19%) CentOS
9 22 (0.19%) Ubuntu
10 21 (0.18%) Windows Server
11 14 (0.12%) Windows 10
12 13 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
13 9 (0.077%) Windows Server 2016
14 8 (0.068%) Oracle Linux
14 8 (0.068%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.051%) AIX
16 5 (0.043%) VMS
17 4 (0.034%) Android TV
18 3 (0.026%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,088 (34.78%) Agile Software Development
2 1,770 (15.06%) TDD
3 1,676 (14.26%) Microservices
4 1,611 (13.70%) DevOps
5 1,336 (11.37%) Software Engineering
6 1,047 (8.91%) Scrum
7 1,034 (8.80%) Front End Development
8 909 (7.73%) Test Automation
9 760 (6.47%) BDD
10 755 (6.42%) Continuous Integration
11 737 (6.27%) Business Intelligence
12 646 (5.50%) Problem-Solving
13 625 (5.32%) Unit Testing
14 607 (5.16%) Analytics
15 583 (4.96%) MVC
16 574 (4.88%) OO
17 549 (4.67%) Web Development
18 527 (4.48%) SDLC
19 504 (4.29%) Asset Management
19 504 (4.29%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 3,676 (31.27%) JavaScript
2 3,331 (28.34%) Java
3 2,455 (20.88%) SQL
4 1,863 (15.85%) Python
5 1,800 (15.31%) C#
6 1,135 (9.66%) TypeScript
7 617 (5.25%) C++
8 587 (4.99%) Java 8
9 569 (4.84%) Scala
10 500 (4.25%) PHP
11 483 (4.11%) Kotlin
12 389 (3.31%) PL/SQL
13 308 (2.62%) Go
14 267 (2.27%) Ruby
15 262 (2.23%) T-SQL
16 241 (2.05%) ES6
17 208 (1.77%) C
18 195 (1.66%) PowerShell
19 179 (1.52%) Apple Swift
20 165 (1.40%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 820 (6.98%) Security Cleared
2 687 (5.84%) SC Cleared
3 454 (3.86%) Degree
4 133 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 91 (0.77%) DV Cleared
6 75 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
7 46 (0.39%) PhD
8 37 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
9 28 (0.24%) AWS Certification
10 15 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
11 14 (0.12%) DBS Check
11 14 (0.12%) Master's Degree
12 10 (0.085%) OCPJP
12 10 (0.085%) Sun Certification
13 9 (0.077%) CTC Cleared
14 7 (0.060%) ISTQB
15 5 (0.043%) BC Cleared
15 5 (0.043%) CFA
15 5 (0.043%) CISSP
16 4 (0.034%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 294 (2.50%) QA
2 68 (0.58%) Data Quality
3 63 (0.54%) WCAG
4 29 (0.25%) GDPR
5 20 (0.17%) SLA
6 15 (0.13%) MiFID
7 13 (0.11%) IFRS
8 12 (0.10%) PMO
9 10 (0.085%) Disclosure Scotland
9 10 (0.085%) Dublin Core
10 9 (0.077%) IFRS 9
11 8 (0.068%) PCI DSS
12 7 (0.060%) ISO 20022
13 6 (0.051%) FINREP
13 6 (0.051%) NIST
14 5 (0.043%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 4 (0.034%) COREP
15 4 (0.034%) Dodd-Frank
15 4 (0.034%) HL7
15 4 (0.034%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 1,579 (13.43%) Docker
2 90 (0.77%) Active Directory
3 57 (0.48%) HDFS
4 15 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 15 (0.13%) Time Sharing Option
4 15 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (0.11%) Platform Symphony
7 9 (0.077%) Firmware
8 7 (0.060%) OpenAM
8 7 (0.060%) vSphere
9 6 (0.051%) Apache Flume
9 6 (0.051%) OpenDJ
10 5 (0.043%) GridGain
11 3 (0.026%) NDS
11 3 (0.026%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 3 (0.026%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.017%) NFS
12 2 (0.017%) Postfix
12 2 (0.017%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,294 (11.01%) Kubernetes
2 593 (5.04%) Terraform
3 216 (1.84%) Ansible
4 83 (0.71%) Grafana
5 80 (0.68%) Puppet
6 63 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
7 55 (0.47%) Kibana
8 53 (0.45%) Prometheus
9 37 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
10 28 (0.24%) Oozie
11 17 (0.14%) Control-M
12 16 (0.14%) Consul
13 15 (0.13%) logstash
14 14 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
14 14 (0.12%) Istio
15 10 (0.085%) Salt
15 10 (0.085%) vRealize Orchestrator
16 8 (0.068%) Rancher
17 7 (0.060%) CloudHub
17 7 (0.060%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 919 (7.82%) Oracle
2 801 (6.81%) Microsoft
3 320 (2.72%) Salesforce.com
4 277 (2.36%) SAP
5 276 (2.35%) Google
6 174 (1.48%) ServiceNow
7 155 (1.32%) MuleSoft
8 117 (1.00%) IBM
9 111 (0.94%) Adobe
10 95 (0.81%) Splunk
11 83 (0.71%) webMethods
12 81 (0.69%) Informatica
13 70 (0.60%) Xamarin
14 69 (0.59%) Atlassian
15 67 (0.57%) TIBCO
16 65 (0.55%) BEA
17 62 (0.53%) Apple
18 52 (0.44%) Pega
19 51 (0.43%) Sybase
20 50 (0.43%) Databricks