Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
16 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 4 2 2
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 16,198 12,610 11,528
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 18.53% 22.20% 23.09%
As % of the Job Titles category 19.88% 23.91% 24.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,284 9,169 8,354
10th Percentile £389 £325 £326
25th Percentile £453 £403 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £495 £475
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +4.21% -
75th Percentile £663 £588 £575
90th Percentile £763 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 140 126 71
10th Percentile £35.00 £20.88 £16.00
25th Percentile £41.11 £31.81 £21.25
Median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £44.50
Median % change year-on-year +22.22% +1.12% -1.11%
75th Percentile £67.50 £57.88 £52.50
90th Percentile £77.50 £65.54 £63.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £40.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +37.50% -5.88% -6.08%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 81,491 52,743 46,793
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.21% 92.84% 93.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,269 36,173 31,064
10th Percentile £313 £290 £235
25th Percentile £425 £388 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% -2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,003 1,686 1,739
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.50 £11.61
25th Percentile £15.75 £14.59 £14.20
Median hourly rate £23.91 £22.50 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.27% +18.42% +5.56%
75th Percentile £49.25 £45.00 £38.75
90th Percentile £65.00 £57.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £19.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 16 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 13,263 £550 +10.00% 4,185
Work from Home 0 8,981 £525 +10.53% 2,238
London -1 8,695 £600 +14.29% 1,950
UK excluding London -7 3,967 £475 +11.76% 2,433
North of England -1 1,137 £475 +11.76% 729
South East -11 780 £500 +11.48% 490
North West 0 716 £500 +25.00% 395
Midlands -4 595 £450 +12.50% 448
South West -1 537 £500 +5.82% 277
Scotland -3 513 £465 +9.41% 157
West Midlands -3 417 £475 +18.75% 281
Yorkshire -5 366 £450 +2.86% 241
East of England -7 236 £475 +5.56% 251
East Midlands 0 176 £435 +24.29% 167
Wales -1 140 £515 +28.75% 51
North East -8 64 £500 +5.26% 96
Northern Ireland -1 41 £475 +10.21% 38
Isle of Man - 1 £500 - 1

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 May 2022, Developer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 5,747 (35.48%) Agile
2 4,790 (29.57%) JavaScript
3 4,659 (28.76%) Java
4 3,868 (23.88%) SQL
5 3,576 (22.08%) React
6 3,472 (21.43%) Azure
7 3,381 (20.87%) C#
8 3,280 (20.25%) .NET
9 3,105 (19.17%) Finance
10 2,706 (16.71%) Microservices
11 2,620 (16.17%) HTML
12 2,596 (16.03%) AWS
13 2,570 (15.87%) DevOps
14 2,551 (15.75%) Python
15 2,447 (15.11%) TDD
16 2,375 (14.66%) CSS
17 2,299 (14.19%) CI/CD
18 2,288 (14.13%) Git (software)
19 2,245 (13.86%) Full Stack Development
20 2,222 (13.72%) Social Skills
21 2,076 (12.82%) TypeScript
22 2,043 (12.61%) SQL Server
23 1,998 (12.33%) Docker
24 1,929 (11.91%) Node.js
25 1,877 (11.59%) Banking
26 1,835 (11.33%) Software Engineering
27 1,783 (11.01%) AngularJS
28 1,777 (10.97%) Spring
29 1,607 (9.92%) Kubernetes
30 1,572 (9.70%) REST

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 453 (2.80%) Confluence
2 329 (2.03%) SharePoint
3 250 (1.54%) Elasticsearch
4 230 (1.42%) CMS
5 209 (1.29%) Apache
6 167 (1.03%) Apache Spark
7 161 (0.99%) Drupal
8 101 (0.62%) JBoss
9 83 (0.51%) Tomcat
10 81 (0.50%) WebSphere
11 73 (0.45%) BizTalk Server
11 73 (0.45%) WebLogic
12 72 (0.44%) Red Hat Fuse
13 69 (0.43%) Mule
14 66 (0.41%) WordPress
15 61 (0.38%) IIS
16 60 (0.37%) OpenEdge
17 47 (0.29%) nginx
18 44 (0.27%) SAS
18 44 (0.27%) Umbraco
Applications
1 246 (1.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 89 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
4 32 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 23 (0.14%) MS Visio
6 19 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 18 (0.11%) Photoshop
8 16 (0.099%) Sketch
9 11 (0.068%) Adobe XD
10 9 (0.056%) InDesign
10 9 (0.056%) InfoPath
11 8 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
11 8 (0.049%) Microsoft Project
12 7 (0.043%) Camtasia
12 7 (0.043%) FileZilla
12 7 (0.043%) Simulink
13 5 (0.031%) Adobe After Effects
13 5 (0.031%) Adobe Captivate
13 5 (0.031%) Adobe Premiere
13 5 (0.031%) Snagit
Business Applications
1 107 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
2 41 (0.25%) Shopify
3 35 (0.22%) Magento
4 31 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
5 29 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
6 24 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 22 (0.14%) Endur
8 20 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
9 18 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
10 16 (0.099%) Oracle 11i
10 16 (0.099%) Remedy ITSM
11 15 (0.093%) Dynamics NAV
11 15 (0.093%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 13 (0.080%) NetSuite
12 13 (0.080%) Oracle Applications
13 12 (0.074%) SunGard Martini
14 11 (0.068%) RMDS
14 11 (0.068%) SAP BPC
15 10 (0.062%) Distributed Ledger
16 9 (0.056%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 3,472 (21.43%) Azure
2 2,596 (16.03%) AWS
3 828 (5.11%) Power Platform
4 782 (4.83%) GCP
5 742 (4.58%) Serverless
6 577 (3.56%) GitHub
7 434 (2.68%) AWS Lambda
8 271 (1.67%) PowerApps
9 242 (1.49%) Amazon S3
10 233 (1.44%) OpenShift
11 218 (1.35%) npm
12 216 (1.33%) SaaS
13 213 (1.31%) Azure Service Bus
14 194 (1.20%) Azure Functions
15 192 (1.19%) Power Automate
16 183 (1.13%) Azure Logic Apps
16 183 (1.13%) Dynamics 365
17 178 (1.10%) Microsoft 365
18 175 (1.08%) Azure Data Factory
19 165 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 191 (1.18%) HTTP
2 110 (0.68%) Internet
3 53 (0.33%) TCP/IP
4 46 (0.28%) HTTPS
5 41 (0.25%) MQTT
6 39 (0.24%) FTP
7 38 (0.23%) DNS
8 32 (0.20%) RTMP
9 31 (0.19%) Multicast
10 29 (0.18%) FIX Connectivity
11 25 (0.15%) Intranet
12 23 (0.14%) DSL
12 23 (0.14%) SSL
13 20 (0.12%) Network Security
14 18 (0.11%) AMQP
15 15 (0.093%) SMTP
16 13 (0.080%) ATM
16 13 (0.080%) SSH
17 12 (0.074%) Broadband
17 12 (0.074%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,043 (12.61%) SQL Server
2 764 (4.72%) PostgreSQL
3 755 (4.66%) Relational Database
4 672 (4.15%) MySQL
5 652 (4.03%) Power BI
6 633 (3.91%) MongoDB
7 624 (3.85%) NoSQL
8 464 (2.86%) Data Warehouse
9 436 (2.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 367 (2.27%) Oracle Database
11 319 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 258 (1.59%) Redis
13 254 (1.57%) Big Data
14 219 (1.35%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 208 (1.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 164 (1.01%) Azure SQL Database
17 163 (1.01%) Tableau
18 162 (1.00%) RDBMS
19 130 (0.80%) Hadoop
20 110 (0.68%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,288 (14.13%) Git (software)
2 1,313 (8.11%) Jenkins
3 1,044 (6.45%) JIRA
4 598 (3.69%) Maven
5 445 (2.75%) GitLab
6 404 (2.49%) JUnit
7 371 (2.29%) Visual Studio
8 328 (2.02%) TeamCity
9 323 (1.99%) webpack
10 250 (1.54%) Bitbucket
11 238 (1.47%) Cucumber
12 233 (1.44%) Selenium
13 220 (1.36%) Gradle
14 202 (1.25%) Subversion
15 194 (1.20%) Cypress.io
16 187 (1.15%) Team Foundation Server
17 185 (1.14%) Mockito
18 171 (1.06%) SonarQube
19 156 (0.96%) Artifactory
20 151 (0.93%) NUnit
General
1 3,105 (19.17%) Finance
2 2,222 (13.72%) Social Skills
3 1,877 (11.59%) Banking
4 1,274 (7.87%) Front Office
5 976 (6.03%) Public Sector
6 859 (5.30%) Investment Banking
7 771 (4.76%) Analytical Skills
8 294 (1.82%) Retail
9 243 (1.50%) Marketing
10 205 (1.27%) Telecoms
11 204 (1.26%) Games
12 145 (0.90%) Manufacturing
13 140 (0.86%) Law
13 140 (0.86%) Legal
14 104 (0.64%) Electronics
15 102 (0.63%) Back Office
16 100 (0.62%) Presentation Skills
17 96 (0.59%) Financial Institution
18 89 (0.55%) Publishing
19 75 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,576 (22.08%) React
2 3,280 (20.25%) .NET
3 2,620 (16.17%) HTML
4 2,375 (14.66%) CSS
5 1,929 (11.91%) Node.js
6 1,783 (11.01%) AngularJS
7 1,777 (10.97%) Spring
8 1,572 (9.70%) REST
9 1,268 (7.83%) Spring Boot
10 1,135 (7.01%) RESTful
11 965 (5.96%) .NET Core
12 941 (5.81%) Web Services
13 915 (5.65%) HTML5
14 859 (5.30%) Kafka
15 854 (5.27%) .NET Framework
16 827 (5.11%) ASP.NET
17 744 (4.59%) JSON
18 655 (4.04%) XML
19 630 (3.89%) Redux
20 583 (3.60%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 838 (5.17%) User Experience
2 699 (4.32%) Greenfield Project
3 623 (3.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 493 (3.04%) Fixed Income
5 479 (2.96%) Derivative
6 403 (2.49%) Equities
7 388 (2.40%) Mobile App
8 357 (2.20%) Data Structures
8 357 (2.20%) Hedge funds
9 322 (1.99%) Algorithms
10 238 (1.47%) Data Protection Act
11 222 (1.37%) Cloud Native
12 182 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
13 174 (1.07%) Virtual Team
14 160 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
15 142 (0.88%) NHS
16 132 (0.81%) Public Cloud
17 130 (0.80%) Legacy Systems
18 116 (0.72%) Blockchain
19 108 (0.67%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 977 (6.03%) Linux
2 528 (3.26%) Windows
3 473 (2.92%) Unix
4 405 (2.50%) Android
5 370 (2.28%) Apple iOS
6 53 (0.33%) Mac OS X
7 42 (0.26%) Mac OS
7 42 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 38 (0.23%) Windows Server
9 24 (0.15%) AIX
10 23 (0.14%) Windows 10
11 20 (0.12%) CentOS
12 19 (0.12%) VMS
13 11 (0.068%) Mesosphere
13 11 (0.068%) Solaris
13 11 (0.068%) Ubuntu
14 10 (0.062%) Embedded Linux
15 6 (0.037%) zOS
16 5 (0.031%) Oracle Linux
17 4 (0.025%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,747 (35.48%) Agile
2 2,706 (16.71%) Microservices
3 2,570 (15.87%) DevOps
4 2,447 (15.11%) TDD
5 2,299 (14.19%) CI/CD
6 2,245 (13.86%) Full Stack Development
7 1,835 (11.33%) Software Engineering
8 1,547 (9.55%) Front End Development
9 1,545 (9.54%) Scrum
10 1,436 (8.87%) Test Automation
11 1,214 (7.49%) Problem-Solving
12 1,117 (6.90%) Analytics
13 1,046 (6.46%) Business Intelligence
14 1,007 (6.22%) Continuous Integration
15 962 (5.94%) MVC
16 927 (5.72%) OO
17 909 (5.61%) Unit Testing
18 869 (5.36%) BDD
19 805 (4.97%) Web Development
20 783 (4.83%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 4,790 (29.57%) JavaScript
2 4,659 (28.76%) Java
3 3,868 (23.88%) SQL
4 3,381 (20.87%) C#
5 2,551 (15.75%) Python
6 2,076 (12.82%) TypeScript
7 646 (3.99%) C++
8 531 (3.28%) T-SQL
9 519 (3.20%) PHP
10 480 (2.96%) PL/SQL
11 442 (2.73%) Scala
12 390 (2.41%) Kotlin
13 364 (2.25%) Go
14 339 (2.09%) PowerShell
15 280 (1.73%) Ruby
16 259 (1.60%) C
17 243 (1.50%) ES6
18 225 (1.39%) Shell Script
19 187 (1.15%) Apple Swift
20 158 (0.98%) VBA
Qualifications
1 1,374 (8.48%) Security Cleared
2 1,144 (7.06%) SC Cleared
3 498 (3.07%) Degree
4 218 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 185 (1.14%) BPSS Clearance
6 167 (1.03%) DV Cleared
7 41 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
8 35 (0.22%) AWS Certification
9 32 (0.20%) Master's Degree
10 24 (0.15%) PhD
11 19 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
12 16 (0.099%) ITIL Certification
13 14 (0.086%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 10 (0.062%) CFA
14 10 (0.062%) DBS Check
15 9 (0.056%) ISTQB
16 8 (0.049%) MBA
16 8 (0.049%) Sun Certification
17 7 (0.043%) CTC Cleared
17 7 (0.043%) Tableau Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 463 (2.86%) QA
2 342 (2.11%) Accessibility
3 104 (0.64%) Data Quality
4 64 (0.40%) WCAG
5 50 (0.31%) GDPR
6 45 (0.28%) PMO
7 24 (0.15%) SLA
8 18 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 12 (0.074%) IFRS
9 12 (0.074%) SEPA
10 11 (0.068%) MiFID
11 7 (0.043%) Disclosure Scotland
12 6 (0.037%) COREP
12 6 (0.037%) FINREP
12 6 (0.037%) HL7
12 6 (0.037%) IFRS 17
13 5 (0.031%) Dublin Core
13 5 (0.031%) NCSC
13 5 (0.031%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 5 (0.031%) WAI
System Software
1 1,998 (12.33%) Docker
2 109 (0.67%) Active Directory
3 40 (0.25%) HDFS
4 32 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
5 25 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
6 19 (0.12%) vSphere
7 13 (0.080%) VMware NSX
8 10 (0.062%) NFS
8 10 (0.062%) Varnish
9 9 (0.056%) Apache Flume
9 9 (0.056%) Oracle RAC
10 8 (0.049%) GridGain
11 7 (0.043%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.043%) Postfix
12 6 (0.037%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 5 (0.031%) KVM
13 5 (0.031%) Samba
13 5 (0.031%) Time Sharing Option
13 5 (0.031%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.019%) etcd
Systems Management
1 1,607 (9.92%) Kubernetes
2 645 (3.98%) Terraform
3 378 (2.33%) Ansible
4 179 (1.11%) Grafana
5 147 (0.91%) Prometheus
6 90 (0.56%) Kibana
7 70 (0.43%) Puppet
8 61 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
9 59 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
10 52 (0.32%) Consul
11 39 (0.24%) ITRS Geneos
12 27 (0.17%) Istio
13 23 (0.14%) MIIS
14 18 (0.11%) logstash
15 17 (0.10%) PowerCLI
16 16 (0.099%) vRealize
16 16 (0.099%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
17 13 (0.080%) BladeLogic
18 12 (0.074%) Control-M
18 12 (0.074%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 1,431 (8.83%) Microsoft
2 1,349 (8.33%) Oracle
3 382 (2.36%) Google
4 371 (2.29%) SAP
5 302 (1.86%) Salesforce.com
6 191 (1.18%) IBM
7 184 (1.14%) ServiceNow
8 140 (0.86%) Databricks
9 137 (0.85%) TIBCO
10 117 (0.72%) Adobe
11 116 (0.72%) Atlassian
12 103 (0.64%) ION Trading
13 99 (0.61%) Splunk
14 91 (0.56%) Sitecore
15 72 (0.44%) DevExpress
16 71 (0.44%) Red Hat
17 70 (0.43%) Sybase
18 69 (0.43%) Informatica
19 68 (0.42%) MuleSoft
20 67 (0.41%) Apple