Period
to 28 September 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 28 September 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
28 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 7,019 20,975 28,325
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 23.84% 24.11% 27.65%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.84% 25.59% 29.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,616 15,674 21,309
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £688 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 103 146 160
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £43.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% -1.73% +1.76%
10th Percentile £21.30 £23.38 £19.25
90th Percentile £53.95 £61.42 £63.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 27,165 81,980 97,034
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.25% 94.23% 94.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,088 53,797 63,775
Median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +2.86%
10th Percentile £263 £263 £270
90th Percentile £668 £645 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £415
% change year-on-year - +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,080 2,844 3,121
Median hourly rate £30.00 £20.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +50.00% +14.29% -7.89%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £48.75
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.70 £17.50
% change year-on-year +20.35% +6.83% -2.78%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 28 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 28 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 28 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 6,245 £488 +2.63% 4,070
London 0 4,026 £525 - 1,428
UK excluding London -1 2,442 £425 - 2,902
Work from Home 0 1,272 £450 - 818
North of England 0 694 £410 - 898
South East -2 481 £450 +3.45% 574
North West 0 393 £400 - 510
South West -1 364 £439 +3.24% 399
Scotland -1 283 £425 - 173
Midlands -2 283 £375 -9.09% 484
Yorkshire 0 244 £418 -1.76% 269
East of England 0 215 £450 +5.88% 273
West Midlands -5 178 £400 -5.88% 271
East Midlands -2 103 £360 -10.00% 211
Wales -1 69 £450 +9.09% 81
North East -2 56 £400 -5.88% 119
Northern Ireland -1 52 £450 +5.88% 25
Channel Islands +4 1 - -

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 September 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 2,559 (36.46%) Agile Software Development
2 2,402 (34.22%) Java
3 1,973 (28.11%) JavaScript
4 1,616 (23.02%) SQL
5 1,516 (21.60%) Finance
6 1,324 (18.86%) Azure
7 1,276 (18.18%) AWS
8 1,192 (16.98%) Python
9 1,141 (16.26%) C#
10 1,134 (16.16%) HTML
11 1,064 (15.16%) .NET
12 1,043 (14.86%) CSS
13 1,031 (14.69%) Microservices
14 1,030 (14.67%) Banking
15 982 (13.99%) React
16 975 (13.89%) AngularJS
16 975 (13.89%) TDD
17 970 (13.82%) DevOps
18 953 (13.58%) Git (software)
19 843 (12.01%) SQL Server
20 840 (11.97%) Web Services
21 786 (11.20%) Docker
22 762 (10.86%) Front Office
23 750 (10.69%) Node.js
24 743 (10.59%) Security Cleared
25 735 (10.47%) Software Engineering
26 720 (10.26%) Spring
27 697 (9.93%) Oracle
28 670 (9.55%) Scrum
29 648 (9.23%) Test Automation

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 170 (2.42%) SharePoint
2 167 (2.38%) Apache
3 146 (2.08%) Confluence
4 124 (1.77%) Apache Spark
5 117 (1.67%) Elasticsearch
6 102 (1.45%) CMS
7 77 (1.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 75 (1.07%) WebLogic
9 69 (0.98%) Mule
10 64 (0.91%) WebSphere
11 58 (0.83%) Red Hat Fuse
12 57 (0.81%) IIS
13 55 (0.78%) Tomcat
14 54 (0.77%) WordPress
15 45 (0.64%) JBoss
16 36 (0.51%) Drupal
17 34 (0.48%) Oracle Service Bus
18 29 (0.41%) Appian
18 29 (0.41%) Oracle Workflow
19 28 (0.40%) Umbraco
Applications
1 94 (1.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (0.48%) Photoshop
4 28 (0.40%) Chatbot
5 19 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
6 15 (0.21%) MS Visio
7 11 (0.16%) Sketch
8 9 (0.13%) Acrobat
8 9 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 9 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 9 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 6 (0.085%) Figma
9 6 (0.085%) InfoPath
9 6 (0.085%) InVision
9 6 (0.085%) Zeplin
10 3 (0.043%) Adobe Captivate
10 3 (0.043%) Adobe XD
10 3 (0.043%) Microsoft Project
11 2 (0.028%) InDesign
11 2 (0.028%) Maya
Business Applications
1 116 (1.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 44 (0.63%) Magento
3 41 (0.58%) Oracle Payables
4 24 (0.34%) Oracle Cash Management
4 24 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
5 23 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
5 23 (0.33%) Oracle Receivables
5 23 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 20 (0.28%) ION MarketView
6 20 (0.28%) Maximo
7 17 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
8 15 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
8 15 (0.21%) SunGard Martini
9 12 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
9 12 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
9 12 (0.17%) Shopify
10 11 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
11 9 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
11 9 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
11 9 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 1,324 (18.86%) Azure
2 1,276 (18.18%) AWS
3 379 (5.40%) GCP
4 318 (4.53%) Power Platform
5 307 (4.37%) Serverless
6 243 (3.46%) AWS Lambda
7 155 (2.21%) Amazon S3
8 147 (2.09%) GitHub
9 127 (1.81%) Dynamics 365
10 123 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
11 90 (1.28%) Amazon ECS
12 87 (1.24%) Logic Apps
13 81 (1.15%) Power Automate
14 79 (1.13%) SaaS
15 77 (1.10%) PowerApps
16 73 (1.04%) PaaS
17 72 (1.03%) Apigee
18 64 (0.91%) Office 365
19 63 (0.90%) OpenShift
20 60 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 85 (1.21%) HTTP
2 43 (0.61%) SSL
3 39 (0.56%) HTTPS
4 31 (0.44%) Firewall
5 29 (0.41%) DNS
5 29 (0.41%) TCP/IP
6 23 (0.33%) Internet
7 21 (0.30%) VPN
8 16 (0.23%) Intranet
9 15 (0.21%) Skype
10 12 (0.17%) DMZ
11 11 (0.16%) FTP
12 10 (0.14%) Bluetooth
13 8 (0.11%) DHCP
13 8 (0.11%) IPv4
13 8 (0.11%) IPv6
13 8 (0.11%) Kerberos
13 8 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
13 8 (0.11%) Wireless
14 7 (0.100%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 843 (12.01%) SQL Server
2 378 (5.39%) MySQL
3 337 (4.80%) MongoDB
4 324 (4.62%) Relational Database
5 284 (4.05%) PostgreSQL
6 256 (3.65%) NoSQL
7 250 (3.56%) Power BI
8 220 (3.13%) Data Warehouse
9 215 (3.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 186 (2.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 158 (2.25%) Big Data
12 128 (1.82%) Oracle Database
13 114 (1.62%) Hadoop
14 112 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 95 (1.35%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 84 (1.20%) Redis
17 82 (1.17%) RDBMS
18 80 (1.14%) Amazon Redshift
19 77 (1.10%) Amazon RDS
20 70 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 953 (13.58%) Git (software)
2 533 (7.59%) Jenkins
3 288 (4.10%) JIRA
4 263 (3.75%) Maven
5 192 (2.74%) JUnit
6 154 (2.19%) Visual Studio
7 142 (2.02%) Subversion
8 130 (1.85%) GitLab
9 125 (1.78%) Mockito
10 104 (1.48%) Team Foundation Server
11 97 (1.38%) Cucumber
12 96 (1.37%) Selenium
12 96 (1.37%) TeamCity
13 89 (1.27%) Artifactory
14 87 (1.24%) webpack
15 84 (1.20%) gulp
16 82 (1.17%) Gradle
16 82 (1.17%) Jasmine
17 73 (1.04%) RStudio
18 66 (0.94%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,516 (21.60%) Finance
2 1,030 (14.67%) Banking
3 762 (10.86%) Front Office
4 528 (7.52%) Investment Banking
5 484 (6.90%) Public Sector
6 156 (2.22%) Marketing
7 100 (1.42%) Law
8 98 (1.40%) Telecoms
9 82 (1.17%) Manufacturing
10 78 (1.11%) Retail
11 76 (1.08%) Electronics
12 72 (1.03%) Games
13 66 (0.94%) Financial Institution
14 46 (0.66%) Advertising
15 43 (0.61%) Back Office
16 33 (0.47%) General Ledger
17 24 (0.34%) Legal
18 23 (0.33%) Retail Banking
19 20 (0.28%) French Language
19 20 (0.28%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,134 (16.16%) HTML
2 1,064 (15.16%) .NET
3 1,043 (14.86%) CSS
4 982 (13.99%) React
5 975 (13.89%) AngularJS
6 840 (11.97%) Web Services
7 750 (10.69%) Node.js
8 720 (10.26%) Spring
9 604 (8.61%) REST
10 445 (6.34%) HTML5
11 433 (6.17%) RESTful
12 397 (5.66%) Spring Boot
13 371 (5.29%) ASP.NET
14 333 (4.74%) Vue.js
15 289 (4.12%) Kafka
16 285 (4.06%) JSON
17 280 (3.99%) XML
18 266 (3.79%) .NET Core
19 255 (3.63%) Redux
20 248 (3.53%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 532 (7.58%) Fixed Income
2 431 (6.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 403 (5.74%) User Experience
4 396 (5.64%) Derivative
5 324 (4.62%) Equities
6 323 (4.60%) Greenfield Project
7 300 (4.27%) Hedge funds
8 290 (4.13%) Analytical Skills
9 171 (2.44%) Mobile App
10 107 (1.52%) Data Structures
11 94 (1.34%) Algorithms
12 83 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
13 60 (0.85%) Self-Motivation
14 59 (0.84%) Virtual Team
15 53 (0.76%) NHS
16 44 (0.63%) Cloud Native
17 43 (0.61%) Public Cloud
18 38 (0.54%) Robotics
19 37 (0.53%) Credit Derivative
20 35 (0.50%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 590 (8.41%) Linux
2 319 (4.54%) Unix
3 281 (4.00%) Android
4 251 (3.58%) Apple iOS
5 208 (2.96%) Windows
6 96 (1.37%) Mac OS X
7 54 (0.77%) Windows Server
8 20 (0.28%) Windows 10
9 18 (0.26%) AIX
10 13 (0.19%) Mac OS
10 13 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 13 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
11 12 (0.17%) CentOS
11 12 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
12 9 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
13 7 (0.100%) tvOS
13 7 (0.100%) Windows 7
14 5 (0.071%) Ubuntu
15 4 (0.057%) Solaris
15 4 (0.057%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,559 (36.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1,031 (14.69%) Microservices
3 975 (13.89%) TDD
4 970 (13.82%) DevOps
5 735 (10.47%) Software Engineering
6 670 (9.55%) Scrum
7 648 (9.23%) Test Automation
8 628 (8.95%) Front End Development
9 478 (6.81%) Business Intelligence
10 458 (6.53%) Problem-Solving
11 447 (6.37%) BDD
12 437 (6.23%) OO
13 428 (6.10%) Asset Management
14 412 (5.87%) Unit Testing
15 403 (5.74%) Continuous Integration
15 403 (5.74%) Web Development
16 380 (5.41%) Migration
17 331 (4.72%) SDLC
18 312 (4.45%) MVC
19 299 (4.26%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 2,402 (34.22%) Java
2 1,973 (28.11%) JavaScript
3 1,616 (23.02%) SQL
4 1,192 (16.98%) Python
5 1,141 (16.26%) C#
6 471 (6.71%) Java 8
7 398 (5.67%) TypeScript
8 326 (4.64%) C++
9 276 (3.93%) Kotlin
10 255 (3.63%) PHP
11 235 (3.35%) PL/SQL
12 227 (3.23%) Scala
13 203 (2.89%) T-SQL
14 160 (2.28%) Shell Script
15 146 (2.08%) C
16 124 (1.77%) Apple Swift
17 122 (1.74%) PowerShell
18 114 (1.62%) ES6
19 102 (1.45%) Ruby
20 100 (1.42%) R
Qualifications
1 743 (10.59%) Security Cleared
2 597 (8.51%) SC Cleared
3 284 (4.05%) Degree
4 113 (1.61%) Computer Science Degree
5 90 (1.28%) DV Cleared
6 83 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
7 32 (0.46%) DBS Check
7 32 (0.46%) Master's Degree
8 21 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
9 13 (0.19%) PhD
10 12 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
11 10 (0.14%) Sun Certification
12 9 (0.13%) OCPJP
13 7 (0.100%) BC Cleared
14 5 (0.071%) AWS Certification
15 4 (0.057%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 4 (0.057%) MCSD
16 3 (0.043%) ISTQB
16 3 (0.043%) MCPD
16 3 (0.043%) MySQL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 192 (2.74%) QA
2 80 (1.14%) Data Quality
3 74 (1.05%) WCAG
4 24 (0.34%) GDPR
5 18 (0.26%) SLA
6 13 (0.19%) MiFID
7 11 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
8 6 (0.085%) PSD2
8 6 (0.085%) Solvency II
9 5 (0.071%) NCSC
10 4 (0.057%) Government Security Classifications
11 3 (0.043%) HL7
11 3 (0.043%) ISO 9001
11 3 (0.043%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 3 (0.043%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.028%) FINREP
12 2 (0.028%) GxP
12 2 (0.028%) ISO 20022
12 2 (0.028%) PMO
13 1 (0.014%) ISO/IEC 17025
System Software
1 786 (11.20%) Docker
2 71 (1.01%) Active Directory
3 22 (0.31%) HDFS
3 22 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
4 14 (0.20%) NDS
5 13 (0.19%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 9 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
7 8 (0.11%) NFS
8 7 (0.100%) Microsoft App-V
9 6 (0.085%) vSphere
10 5 (0.071%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.071%) LXC
10 5 (0.071%) Postfix
11 4 (0.057%) Firmware
12 3 (0.043%) GridGain
12 3 (0.043%) OpenAM
12 3 (0.043%) OpenDJ
13 2 (0.028%) KVM
13 2 (0.028%) RACF
13 2 (0.028%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 598 (8.52%) Kubernetes
2 193 (2.75%) Terraform
3 104 (1.48%) Ansible
4 49 (0.70%) Kibana
5 37 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
6 36 (0.51%) Prometheus
7 33 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
8 32 (0.46%) Puppet
9 28 (0.40%) logstash
10 23 (0.33%) Grafana
11 20 (0.28%) Zipkin
12 19 (0.27%) Tivoli
13 17 (0.24%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 14 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
15 10 (0.14%) Control-M
15 10 (0.14%) SCCM
16 8 (0.11%) Nessus
17 6 (0.085%) Packer
17 6 (0.085%) Salt
17 6 (0.085%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 697 (9.93%) Oracle
2 561 (7.99%) Microsoft
3 274 (3.90%) Google
4 177 (2.52%) SAP
5 142 (2.02%) Salesforce.com
6 104 (1.48%) IBM
7 89 (1.27%) Databricks
8 71 (1.01%) Splunk
9 68 (0.97%) Tableau
10 64 (0.91%) Adobe
11 63 (0.90%) MuleSoft
12 56 (0.80%) Sybase
13 48 (0.68%) Talend
14 45 (0.64%) Informatica
15 43 (0.61%) ServiceNow
16 42 (0.60%) ION Trading
17 38 (0.54%) Xamarin
18 36 (0.51%) ForgeRock
18 36 (0.51%) Red Hat
19 35 (0.50%) UiPath