Period
to 22 November 2017

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 27126 25615 26513
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.29% 24.29% 23.51%
As % of the Job Titles category 27.73% 25.64% 24.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 20037 18350 19048
UK median daily rate £450 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% +1.27%
10th Percentile £313 £295 £275
90th Percentile £631 £575 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 223 243 313
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £24.00 £20.65 £20.00
90th Percentile £63.75 £57.38 £54.42
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £38.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% +5.26% +8.57%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 97824 99914 107019
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.81% 94.76% 94.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 64542 65150 68083
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £260 £250 £250
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £392 £375
% change year-on-year +2.04% +4.53% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2932 3310 4089
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.88% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £10.96 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £47.50 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.77
% change year-on-year - -1.52% +9.96%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 25036 £450 +5.88% 4350
London +1 14617 £500 +11.11% 1891
UK excluding London -1 12103 £400 +6.67% 2621
South East -1 3572 £400 - 654
North of England 0 2692 £380 +1.33% 758
Midlands -1 1583 £375 +1.35% 424
North West 0 1460 £375 - 409
South West 0 1410 £390 +11.43% 290
Scotland -1 1151 £375 +3.45% 119
Yorkshire -1 1099 £390 +4.00% 303
East of England -1 1087 £388 +3.33% 321
West Midlands 0 875 £375 +1.35% 207
East Midlands -1 694 £375 - 211
Northern Ireland 0 379 £420 +9.09% 12
Wales 0 290 £375 -16.67% 42
North East -3 138 £380 -2.56% 46
Isle of Man +2 3 £255 -43.33%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 11109 (40.95%) Agile Software Development
2 9271 (34.18%) JavaScript
3 9071 (33.44%) Java
4 7425 (27.37%) HTML
5 6735 (24.83%) CSS
6 6574 (24.24%) SQL
7 6088 (22.44%) TDD
8 6051 (22.31%) C#
9 5577 (20.56%) .NET
10 5387 (19.86%) Finance
11 4776 (17.61%) AngularJS
12 4196 (15.47%) SQL Server
13 3929 (14.48%) Git (software)
14 3602 (13.28%) MVC
15 3578 (13.19%) HTML5
16 3485 (12.85%) Banking
17 3337 (12.30%) Scrum
18 3257 (12.01%) Web Services
19 3139 (11.57%) Spring
20 2803 (10.33%) Node.js
20 2803 (10.33%) Continuous Integration
21 2755 (10.16%) React
22 2699 (9.95%) Front End Development
23 2678 (9.87%) RESTful
24 2650 (9.77%) REST
25 2578 (9.50%) BDD
26 2573 (9.49%) OO
27 2526 (9.31%) jQuery
28 2522 (9.30%) Linux
29 2502 (9.22%) Oracle

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 754 (2.78%) CMS
2 579 (2.13%) Tomcat
3 562 (2.07%) Apache Spark
4 557 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
5 551 (2.03%) Confluence
6 521 (1.92%) Apache
7 519 (1.91%) SharePoint
8 433 (1.60%) WebSphere
9 422 (1.56%) JBoss
10 356 (1.31%) Drupal
11 307 (1.13%) WebLogic
12 269 (0.99%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 260 (0.96%) WordPress
14 222 (0.82%) IIS
15 211 (0.78%) Apache Solr
16 189 (0.70%) Mule
17 176 (0.65%) Umbraco
18 161 (0.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 153 (0.56%) SAS
20 142 (0.52%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 488 (1.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 222 (0.82%) Photoshop
3 137 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
4 97 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 82 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
6 81 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
7 41 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 37 (0.14%) MS Visio
9 24 (0.088%) Microsoft Project
10 22 (0.081%) InfoPath
11 21 (0.077%) OmniGraffle
12 16 (0.059%) Adobe Captivate
13 12 (0.044%) GIMP
14 11 (0.041%) Simulink
15 10 (0.037%) InVision
15 10 (0.037%) Pipeline Pilot
15 10 (0.037%) SPSS
16 7 (0.026%) Doxygen
16 7 (0.026%) Fireworks
17 6 (0.022%) SmartSuite
Business Applications
1 357 (1.32%) Dynamics CRM
2 246 (0.91%) Magento
3 110 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
4 102 (0.38%) Markit EDM
5 98 (0.36%) ION MarketView
6 51 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
7 50 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
8 45 (0.17%) Temenos T24
9 44 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 43 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
11 42 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
12 38 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
12 38 (0.14%) Cognos TM1
13 37 (0.14%) Cognos Business Intelligence
14 34 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
15 31 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
15 31 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
16 27 (0.100%) Oracle Receivables
17 26 (0.096%) Endur
18 25 (0.092%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 1833 (6.76%) Amazon AWS
2 1433 (5.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 531 (1.96%) GitHub
4 354 (1.31%) npm
5 263 (0.97%) Serverless
6 197 (0.73%) SaaS
7 194 (0.72%) PaaS
8 165 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
9 154 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
10 138 (0.51%) Amazon S3
11 131 (0.48%) Office 365
12 118 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
13 106 (0.39%) Google Cloud Platform
14 104 (0.38%) OpenShift
15 89 (0.33%) Cloud Computing
16 71 (0.26%) Amazon SQS
17 70 (0.26%) Heroku
18 60 (0.22%) IaaS
19 58 (0.21%) Google Analytics
20 57 (0.21%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 465 (1.71%) HTTP
2 190 (0.70%) Internet
3 154 (0.57%) TCP/IP
4 110 (0.41%) SMS
5 109 (0.40%) Intranet
6 94 (0.35%) SSL
7 85 (0.31%) Bluetooth
8 65 (0.24%) LDAP
9 57 (0.21%) FTP
10 46 (0.17%) Kerberos
11 45 (0.17%) Firewall
12 42 (0.15%) AMQP
13 41 (0.15%) DNS
14 36 (0.13%) Skype
15 33 (0.12%) FIX Connectivity
16 25 (0.092%) Wi-Fi
17 24 (0.088%) Network Security
17 24 (0.088%) SMTP
18 23 (0.085%) Wireless
19 20 (0.074%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4196 (15.47%) SQL Server
2 1657 (6.11%) NoSQL
3 1451 (5.35%) MySQL
4 1424 (5.25%) Relational Database
5 1243 (4.58%) MongoDB
6 1192 (4.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1014 (3.74%) Data Warehouse
8 956 (3.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 919 (3.39%) Big Data
10 875 (3.23%) PostgreSQL
11 756 (2.79%) Hadoop
12 643 (2.37%) RDBMS
13 579 (2.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 527 (1.94%) Oracle Database
15 445 (1.64%) SQL Server 2008
16 414 (1.53%) SQL Server 2012
17 371 (1.37%) Power BI
18 349 (1.29%) Apache Cassandra
19 271 (1.00%) HBase
20 270 (1.00%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 3929 (14.48%) Git (software)
2 1837 (6.77%) Jenkins
3 1336 (4.93%) Maven
4 1331 (4.91%) JIRA
5 1077 (3.97%) JUnit
6 934 (3.44%) Subversion
7 835 (3.08%) Visual Studio
8 707 (2.61%) Selenium
9 688 (2.54%) Team Foundation Server
10 628 (2.32%) gulp
11 601 (2.22%) Grunt
12 589 (2.17%) TeamCity
13 588 (2.17%) Cucumber
14 500 (1.84%) Jasmine
15 475 (1.75%) Mockito
16 441 (1.63%) NUnit
17 437 (1.61%) webpack
18 429 (1.58%) Gradle
19 396 (1.46%) Eclipse
20 315 (1.16%) IntelliJ
General
1 5387 (19.86%) Finance
2 3485 (12.85%) Banking
3 1849 (6.82%) Front Office
4 1306 (4.81%) Investment Banking
5 799 (2.95%) Retail
6 698 (2.57%) Marketing
7 544 (2.01%) Telecoms
8 369 (1.36%) Manufacturing
9 347 (1.28%) Games
10 285 (1.05%) Electronics
11 264 (0.97%) Publishing
12 241 (0.89%) Financial Institution
13 229 (0.84%) Advertising
14 179 (0.66%) Back Office
15 153 (0.56%) Legal
16 148 (0.55%) Retail Banking
17 134 (0.49%) Law
18 107 (0.39%) Automotive
19 65 (0.24%) Billing
19 65 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7425 (27.37%) HTML
2 6735 (24.83%) CSS
3 5577 (20.56%) .NET
4 4776 (17.61%) AngularJS
5 3578 (13.19%) HTML5
6 3257 (12.01%) Web Services
7 3139 (11.57%) Spring
8 2803 (10.33%) Node.js
9 2755 (10.16%) React
10 2678 (9.87%) RESTful
11 2650 (9.77%) REST
12 2526 (9.31%) jQuery
13 2357 (8.69%) ASP.NET
14 2342 (8.63%) CSS3
15 2080 (7.67%) XML
16 1944 (7.17%) JSON
17 1334 (4.92%) Hibernate
18 1320 (4.87%) Sass
19 1312 (4.84%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1279 (4.72%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1579 (5.82%) Greenfield Project
2 1410 (5.20%) User Experience
3 1234 (4.55%) Analytical Skills
4 1014 (3.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 859 (3.17%) Mobile App
6 822 (3.03%) Computer Science
7 623 (2.30%) Fixed Income
8 614 (2.26%) Derivative
9 584 (2.15%) Data Structures
10 497 (1.83%) Fintech
11 490 (1.81%) Equities
12 437 (1.61%) Algorithms
13 401 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
14 224 (0.83%) Virtual Team
15 207 (0.76%) Market Risk
16 200 (0.74%) Credit Risk
17 186 (0.69%) iPad
18 184 (0.68%) N-Tier
19 181 (0.67%) Equity Derivative
20 169 (0.62%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 2522 (9.30%) Linux
2 1450 (5.35%) Unix
3 1024 (3.77%) Windows
4 900 (3.32%) Android
5 858 (3.16%) Apple iOS
6 140 (0.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 129 (0.48%) Windows Server
8 127 (0.47%) Mac OS X
9 91 (0.34%) Solaris
10 61 (0.22%) Mac OS
11 55 (0.20%) Ubuntu
12 53 (0.20%) CentOS
12 53 (0.20%) VMS
13 43 (0.16%) Windows 10
14 40 (0.15%) Windows 7
15 37 (0.14%) AIX
16 27 (0.100%) Windows Server 2012
17 26 (0.096%) Windows Server 2008
18 20 (0.074%) Oracle Linux
19 16 (0.059%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 11109 (40.95%) Agile Software Development
2 6088 (22.44%) TDD
3 3602 (13.28%) MVC
4 3337 (12.30%) Scrum
5 2803 (10.33%) Continuous Integration
6 2699 (9.95%) Front End Development
7 2578 (9.50%) BDD
8 2573 (9.49%) OO
9 2239 (8.25%) Test Automation
10 2117 (7.80%) Web Development
11 2055 (7.58%) Microservices
12 1676 (6.18%) Business Intelligence
13 1632 (6.02%) Unit Testing
14 1543 (5.69%) DevOps
15 1537 (5.67%) Software Engineering
16 1455 (5.36%) Multithreading
17 1290 (4.76%) SDLC
18 1283 (4.73%) E-Commerce
19 1150 (4.24%) ETL
20 1019 (3.76%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 9271 (34.18%) JavaScript
2 9071 (33.44%) Java
3 6574 (24.24%) SQL
4 6051 (22.31%) C#
5 2409 (8.88%) Python
6 1352 (4.98%) PHP
7 1349 (4.97%) C++
8 1244 (4.59%) Scala
9 1152 (4.25%) T-SQL
10 727 (2.68%) ES6
11 701 (2.58%) TypeScript
12 662 (2.44%) Ruby
13 655 (2.41%) PL/SQL
14 445 (1.64%) VBA
15 444 (1.64%) Apple Swift
16 429 (1.58%) C
17 419 (1.54%) Objective-C
18 369 (1.36%) VB.NET
19 357 (1.32%) Shell Script
20 314 (1.16%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1150 (4.24%) Degree
2 1017 (3.75%) Security Cleared
3 684 (2.52%) SC Cleared
4 411 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 119 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
6 115 (0.42%) PhD
7 93 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
8 77 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
9 75 (0.28%) DV Cleared
10 65 (0.24%) Master's Degree
11 39 (0.14%) Sun Certification
12 33 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
13 25 (0.092%) MCSE
14 24 (0.088%) ISTQB
15 23 (0.085%) MCITP
16 20 (0.074%) BC Cleared
17 18 (0.066%) DBS Check
18 14 (0.052%) MCTS
19 12 (0.044%) AWS Certification
20 10 (0.037%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 704 (2.60%) QA
2 212 (0.78%) MiFID
3 169 (0.62%) Data Quality
4 68 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
5 56 (0.21%) WCAG
6 37 (0.14%) EMIR
7 30 (0.11%) SLA
8 29 (0.11%) WAI
9 25 (0.092%) GCP
9 25 (0.092%) HL7
10 24 (0.088%) GDPR
11 15 (0.055%) IFRS
12 14 (0.052%) IFRS 9
12 14 (0.052%) PCI DSS
12 14 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 13 (0.048%) Solvency II
14 11 (0.041%) Dodd-Frank
14 11 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 9 (0.033%) MISRA
16 5 (0.018%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 1484 (5.47%) Docker
2 134 (0.49%) HDFS
3 106 (0.39%) Active Directory
4 81 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 48 (0.18%) Apache Flume
6 34 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
7 32 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
8 17 (0.063%) Oracle RAC
9 16 (0.059%) Varnish
10 13 (0.048%) Firmware
11 12 (0.044%) Oracle Clusterware
12 10 (0.037%) vSphere
13 9 (0.033%) KVM
14 8 (0.029%) VirtualBox
15 7 (0.026%) OpenAM
15 7 (0.026%) OpenDJ
16 6 (0.022%) Platform Symphony
16 6 (0.022%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
17 5 (0.018%) Time Sharing Option
17 5 (0.018%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 547 (2.02%) Ansible
2 443 (1.63%) Puppet
3 354 (1.31%) Kubernetes
4 352 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
5 141 (0.52%) Kibana
6 139 (0.51%) Terraform
7 88 (0.32%) logstash
8 82 (0.30%) Grafana
9 74 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
10 45 (0.17%) Control-M
11 43 (0.16%) Oozie
12 36 (0.13%) Mesos
13 35 (0.13%) Cobbler
14 25 (0.092%) Prometheus
15 22 (0.081%) Consul
15 22 (0.081%) Rancher
16 20 (0.074%) Tivoli
17 18 (0.066%) Business Desktop Deployment
18 17 (0.063%) Nagios
18 17 (0.063%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 2502 (9.22%) Oracle
2 2335 (8.61%) Microsoft
3 615 (2.27%) SAP
4 470 (1.73%) IBM
5 411 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
6 403 (1.49%) Google
7 382 (1.41%) TIBCO
8 373 (1.38%) Adobe
9 337 (1.24%) Sitecore
9 337 (1.24%) Tableau
10 332 (1.22%) Sybase
11 256 (0.94%) ServiceNow
12 204 (0.75%) Xamarin
13 184 (0.68%) Apple
14 159 (0.59%) Informatica
15 155 (0.57%) Atlassian
16 148 (0.55%) Splunk
17 143 (0.53%) MuleSoft
18 142 (0.52%) Cognos
19 136 (0.50%) WSO2