Period
to 5 April 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
5 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 14,261 24,402 26,306
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 23.16% 25.17% 25.86%
As % of the Job Titles category 24.70% 26.59% 27.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,371 18,613 19,936
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 157 154 148
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.68 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.00% +6.71% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £22.25 £16.20
90th Percentile £78.75 £60.18 £67.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.61
% change year-on-year -22.22% +8.15% +4.03%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 57,748 91,776 96,594
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.79% 94.67% 94.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 36,678 60,801 63,657
Median daily rate £460 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.54% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £228 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £650 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £405
% change year-on-year - +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,484 2,833 2,929
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.70 £18.64
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.95% +0.35% +0.73%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.05 £11.00
90th Percentile £52.25 £50.00 £48.00
Median hourly rate £18.90 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.00% - -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 5 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 13,091 £475 - 5,284
London +1 7,405 £525 - 1,946
UK excluding London 0 6,533 £425 - 3,679
South East 0 1,674 £438 -2.78% 882
North of England 0 1,526 £400 -3.03% 1,105
South West 0 1,009 £438 -2.78% 429
Midlands 0 824 £413 - 572
North West 0 796 £400 - 626
Scotland 0 683 £435 +6.10% 193
Yorkshire 0 583 £400 -5.88% 335
Work from Home 0 565 £450 - 522
East of England 0 559 £438 - 346
West Midlands 0 529 £425 +3.03% 329
East Midlands 0 288 £384 -6.40% 242
Wales -2 180 £425 -2.86% 114
North East -3 151 £400 -5.88% 144
Northern Ireland 0 86 £425 +6.25% 38
Channel Islands -5 3 £425 +3.03% 2

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 5 April 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 5,268 (36.94%) Agile Software Development
2 4,414 (30.95%) JavaScript
3 3,848 (26.98%) Java
4 3,333 (23.37%) SQL
5 3,008 (21.09%) C#
6 2,923 (20.50%) .NET
7 2,793 (19.58%) HTML
8 2,624 (18.40%) CSS
9 2,370 (16.62%) Finance
10 2,292 (16.07%) TDD
11 2,186 (15.33%) Azure
12 2,082 (14.60%) AngularJS
13 2,062 (14.46%) React
14 1,950 (13.67%) SQL Server
15 1,858 (13.03%) Microservices
16 1,809 (12.68%) AWS
17 1,764 (12.37%) Python
18 1,742 (12.22%) Git (software)
19 1,587 (11.13%) Node.js
20 1,570 (11.01%) DevOps
21 1,568 (11.00%) Scrum
22 1,430 (10.03%) Web Services
23 1,395 (9.78%) Spring
24 1,361 (9.54%) Microsoft
25 1,301 (9.12%) Docker
26 1,299 (9.11%) Front End Development
27 1,210 (8.48%) MVC
28 1,207 (8.46%) REST
29 1,183 (8.30%) RESTful
30 1,163 (8.16%) Test Automation

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 324 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
2 297 (2.08%) CMS
3 292 (2.05%) Confluence
4 242 (1.70%) SharePoint
5 193 (1.35%) Apache
6 166 (1.16%) Apache Spark
7 144 (1.01%) WebLogic
8 134 (0.94%) Tomcat
9 133 (0.93%) Drupal
10 126 (0.88%) WebSphere
11 116 (0.81%) WordPress
12 103 (0.72%) Umbraco
13 85 (0.60%) IIS
14 80 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 70 (0.49%) SAS
16 63 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
16 63 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
17 54 (0.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 54 (0.38%) nginx
18 45 (0.32%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 262 (1.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 73 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
3 68 (0.48%) Photoshop
4 44 (0.31%) Sketch
5 23 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
6 22 (0.15%) MS Visio
7 19 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 17 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
9 15 (0.11%) Chatbot
10 13 (0.091%) Adobe XD
10 13 (0.091%) InVision
11 12 (0.084%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 9 (0.063%) Zeplin
13 8 (0.056%) Figma
14 6 (0.042%) Acrobat
14 6 (0.042%) InfoPath
15 5 (0.035%) Adobe Captivate
15 5 (0.035%) Lectora
16 4 (0.028%) Microsoft Project
16 4 (0.028%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 232 (1.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 136 (0.95%) Magento
3 68 (0.48%) Oracle EBS
4 35 (0.25%) Maximo
4 35 (0.25%) Oracle Payables
5 33 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
6 32 (0.22%) Shopify
7 27 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
8 26 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
9 24 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
10 23 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
10 23 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
11 22 (0.15%) FINCAD Analytics
12 21 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
13 19 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
14 18 (0.13%) NetSuite
14 18 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
15 17 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
16 14 (0.098%) SAP Hybris
17 11 (0.077%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 2,186 (15.33%) Azure
2 1,809 (12.68%) AWS
3 695 (4.87%) Power Platform
4 530 (3.72%) Serverless
5 439 (3.08%) GCP
6 390 (2.73%) GitHub
7 296 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
8 224 (1.57%) SaaS
9 209 (1.47%) Dynamics 365
10 188 (1.32%) Amazon S3
11 183 (1.28%) Amazon EC2
12 139 (0.97%) PaaS
13 126 (0.88%) OpenShift
14 122 (0.86%) Amazon SQS
15 119 (0.83%) Azure Functions
16 111 (0.78%) npm
17 110 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
18 107 (0.75%) Azure Data Factory
19 84 (0.59%) Office 365
20 82 (0.57%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 277 (1.94%) HTTP
2 100 (0.70%) TCP/IP
3 92 (0.65%) Internet
4 74 (0.52%) HTTPS
5 57 (0.40%) SSL
6 53 (0.37%) IPv6
7 51 (0.36%) IPv4
8 40 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
9 37 (0.26%) FTP
10 34 (0.24%) DHCP
10 34 (0.24%) Wireshark
11 31 (0.22%) Intranet
12 27 (0.19%) DSL
13 26 (0.18%) DNS
14 24 (0.17%) Ethernet
14 24 (0.17%) Skype
15 23 (0.16%) Firewall
16 17 (0.12%) Broadband
17 16 (0.11%) VoIP
18 15 (0.11%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,950 (13.67%) SQL Server
2 705 (4.94%) MySQL
3 646 (4.53%) Power BI
4 637 (4.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 605 (4.24%) Data Warehouse
6 600 (4.21%) Relational Database
7 510 (3.58%) NoSQL
8 498 (3.49%) PostgreSQL
9 496 (3.48%) MongoDB
10 481 (3.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 323 (2.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 284 (1.99%) Big Data
13 236 (1.65%) Oracle Database
14 201 (1.41%) Redis
15 185 (1.30%) Azure SQL Database
16 165 (1.16%) RDBMS
17 157 (1.10%) Hadoop
18 138 (0.97%) Amazon RDS
19 128 (0.90%) Data Lake
20 114 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,742 (12.22%) Git (software)
2 965 (6.77%) Jenkins
3 701 (4.92%) JIRA
4 490 (3.44%) Maven
5 464 (3.25%) JUnit
6 368 (2.58%) Visual Studio
7 292 (2.05%) Team Foundation Server
8 291 (2.04%) Selenium
9 249 (1.75%) Cucumber
10 242 (1.70%) Mockito
11 222 (1.56%) TeamCity
12 208 (1.46%) Gradle
13 206 (1.44%) Subversion
14 204 (1.43%) webpack
15 196 (1.37%) Bitbucket
16 165 (1.16%) gulp
17 153 (1.07%) GitLab
18 140 (0.98%) Jasmine
19 136 (0.95%) Octopus Deploy
20 116 (0.81%) SonarQube
General
1 2,370 (16.62%) Finance
2 1,080 (7.57%) Banking
3 785 (5.50%) Public Sector
4 719 (5.04%) Front Office
5 382 (2.68%) Investment Banking
6 335 (2.35%) Retail
7 264 (1.85%) Marketing
8 209 (1.47%) Law
9 150 (1.05%) Games
9 150 (1.05%) Telecoms
10 111 (0.78%) Manufacturing
11 87 (0.61%) Publishing
12 82 (0.57%) Back Office
13 79 (0.55%) Legal
14 75 (0.53%) Electronics
15 70 (0.49%) Financial Institution
16 58 (0.41%) Advertising
17 40 (0.28%) Retail Banking
18 32 (0.22%) General Ledger
19 31 (0.22%) Automotive
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,923 (20.50%) .NET
2 2,793 (19.58%) HTML
3 2,624 (18.40%) CSS
4 2,082 (14.60%) AngularJS
5 2,062 (14.46%) React
6 1,587 (11.13%) Node.js
7 1,430 (10.03%) Web Services
8 1,395 (9.78%) Spring
9 1,207 (8.46%) REST
10 1,183 (8.30%) RESTful
11 1,062 (7.45%) HTML5
12 934 (6.55%) ASP.NET
13 773 (5.42%) Spring Boot
14 675 (4.73%) Redux
15 661 (4.64%) JSON
16 657 (4.61%) XML
17 650 (4.56%) .NET Core
18 627 (4.40%) jQuery
19 626 (4.39%) CSS3
20 606 (4.25%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 840 (5.89%) Greenfield Project
2 777 (5.45%) User Experience
3 755 (5.29%) Analytical Skills
4 409 (2.87%) Mobile App
5 391 (2.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 333 (2.34%) Fixed Income
7 257 (1.80%) Derivative
8 218 (1.53%) Data Structures
9 216 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
10 206 (1.44%) Algorithms
11 204 (1.43%) Equities
12 194 (1.36%) Hedge funds
13 150 (1.05%) Self-Motivation
14 92 (0.65%) Cloud Native
15 88 (0.62%) Virtual Team
16 84 (0.59%) W3C
17 82 (0.57%) NHS
18 62 (0.43%) Public Cloud
19 59 (0.41%) Blog
20 51 (0.36%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 866 (6.07%) Linux
2 595 (4.17%) Android
3 461 (3.23%) Apple iOS
4 450 (3.16%) Unix
5 386 (2.71%) Windows
6 59 (0.41%) Windows Server
7 43 (0.30%) Mac OS X
7 43 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 36 (0.25%) Mac OS
9 26 (0.18%) CentOS
10 24 (0.17%) Ubuntu
11 21 (0.15%) Solaris
12 18 (0.13%) Windows 10
13 17 (0.12%) AIX
14 16 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
14 16 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
15 15 (0.11%) Debian
16 14 (0.098%) Embedded Linux
17 13 (0.091%) VMS
18 10 (0.070%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,268 (36.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2,292 (16.07%) TDD
3 1,858 (13.03%) Microservices
4 1,570 (11.01%) DevOps
5 1,568 (11.00%) Scrum
6 1,299 (9.11%) Front End Development
7 1,210 (8.48%) MVC
8 1,163 (8.16%) Test Automation
9 1,144 (8.02%) Business Intelligence
10 1,069 (7.50%) Continuous Integration
11 924 (6.48%) Software Engineering
12 921 (6.46%) BDD
13 842 (5.90%) OO
14 822 (5.76%) Web Development
15 751 (5.27%) Problem-Solving
16 741 (5.20%) Unit Testing
17 663 (4.65%) ETL
18 629 (4.41%) Analytics
19 602 (4.22%) Migration
20 533 (3.74%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 4,414 (30.95%) JavaScript
2 3,848 (26.98%) Java
3 3,333 (23.37%) SQL
4 3,008 (21.09%) C#
5 1,764 (12.37%) Python
6 863 (6.05%) TypeScript
7 774 (5.43%) Java 8
8 762 (5.34%) PHP
9 558 (3.91%) T-SQL
10 485 (3.40%) C++
11 435 (3.05%) Ruby
12 411 (2.88%) PL/SQL
13 398 (2.79%) Scala
14 362 (2.54%) Kotlin
15 360 (2.52%) ES6
16 265 (1.86%) C
17 258 (1.81%) PowerShell
18 235 (1.65%) Apple Swift
19 225 (1.58%) Shell Script
20 174 (1.22%) R
Qualifications
1 1,088 (7.63%) Security Cleared
2 848 (5.95%) SC Cleared
3 526 (3.69%) Degree
4 185 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 125 (0.88%) BPSS Clearance
6 93 (0.65%) DV Cleared
7 62 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
8 50 (0.35%) DBS Check
9 36 (0.25%) Master's Degree
10 24 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
11 22 (0.15%) BC Cleared
12 15 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
13 14 (0.098%) AWS Certification
14 12 (0.084%) PhD
15 10 (0.070%) MCSD
16 9 (0.063%) ISTQB
16 9 (0.063%) MCITP
17 8 (0.056%) HND
17 8 (0.056%) MCPD
17 8 (0.056%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 338 (2.37%) QA
2 95 (0.67%) Data Quality
3 93 (0.65%) WCAG
4 30 (0.21%) GDPR
5 23 (0.16%) SLA
6 21 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
7 16 (0.11%) MiFID
8 14 (0.098%) PMO
9 12 (0.084%) HL7
10 8 (0.056%) PSD2
11 6 (0.042%) IFRS
11 6 (0.042%) Solvency II
11 6 (0.042%) WAI
12 5 (0.035%) Basel III
12 5 (0.035%) PCI DSS
13 4 (0.028%) SEPA
14 3 (0.021%) EMIR
14 3 (0.021%) GxP
15 2 (0.014%) COREP
15 2 (0.014%) FINREP
System Software
1 1,301 (9.12%) Docker
2 124 (0.87%) Active Directory
3 49 (0.34%) HDFS
4 40 (0.28%) Postfix
5 29 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (0.098%) VMware Infrastructure
7 12 (0.084%) OpenAM
7 12 (0.084%) OpenDJ
8 8 (0.056%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.056%) vSphere
9 6 (0.042%) Firmware
9 6 (0.042%) NFS
10 5 (0.035%) Apache Flume
10 5 (0.035%) NDS
10 5 (0.035%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 5 (0.035%) VirtualBox
10 5 (0.035%) zsh
11 4 (0.028%) BusyBox
11 4 (0.028%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.021%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 830 (5.82%) Kubernetes
2 300 (2.10%) Terraform
3 144 (1.01%) Ansible
4 86 (0.60%) Kibana
5 47 (0.33%) Puppet
6 41 (0.29%) Grafana
6 41 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
7 38 (0.27%) logstash
8 35 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
9 29 (0.20%) MIIS
10 17 (0.12%) Prometheus
11 14 (0.098%) Docker Swarm
12 11 (0.077%) Control-M
12 11 (0.077%) Microsoft Intune
12 11 (0.077%) Packer
13 10 (0.070%) Hadoop YARN
13 10 (0.070%) Tivoli
14 8 (0.056%) Consul
15 7 (0.049%) Istio
15 7 (0.049%) Netcool
Vendors
1 1,361 (9.54%) Microsoft
2 1,127 (7.90%) Oracle
3 441 (3.09%) Google
4 336 (2.36%) Salesforce.com
5 298 (2.09%) SAP
6 236 (1.65%) Tableau
7 149 (1.04%) IBM
8 129 (0.90%) Adobe
9 113 (0.79%) ServiceNow
10 112 (0.79%) Xamarin
11 93 (0.65%) Sitecore
12 91 (0.64%) Talend
13 90 (0.63%) Atlassian
14 88 (0.62%) webMethods
15 86 (0.60%) Informatica
16 79 (0.55%) Cognos
16 79 (0.55%) MuleSoft
16 79 (0.55%) TIBCO
17 68 (0.48%) BEA
18 58 (0.41%) Sybase