Period
to 25 January 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 9,535 16,803 26,388
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 22.59% 23.46% 26.51%
As % of the Job Titles category 24.42% 24.99% 28.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,732 12,616 20,343
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £660 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £421 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -0.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 114 90 133
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +6.98% +3.48%
10th Percentile £24.30 £15.39 £19.35
90th Percentile £62.03 £78.75 £60.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £43.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +14.94% - +1.75%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 39,045 67,236 94,241
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.49% 93.85% 94.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,505 44,948 63,497
Median daily rate £470 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% - -
10th Percentile £256 £238 £268
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,409 2,482 2,776
Median hourly rate £23.47 £18.00 £17.68
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +30.39% +1.81% -1.78%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.92
90th Percentile £58.00 £50.00 £48.75
Median hourly rate £19.95 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +14.00% - -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 8,000 £475 - 4,930
London 0 5,085 £525 - 1,874
UK excluding London 0 3,076 £421 -0.88% 3,396
Work from Home -1 2,644 £450 - 1,113
North of England 0 883 £425 +4.94% 1,106
South East -2 597 £425 -2.86% 632
North West -1 460 £400 - 648
Midlands -1 448 £375 -6.25% 623
Scotland 0 412 £420 -2.61% 235
South West -1 408 £450 +4.05% 386
Yorkshire 0 332 £425 - 354
West Midlands -1 283 £375 -11.76% 388
East of England -1 197 £450 +8.43% 269
East Midlands -2 157 £370 -1.33% 234
Wales +1 91 £400 -5.88% 94
North East -2 91 £450 +12.50% 104
Northern Ireland 0 46 £450 +5.88% 53
Channel Islands +5 2 - - 1

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 January 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,338 (35.01%) Agile Software Development
2 2,935 (30.78%) Java
3 2,897 (30.38%) JavaScript
4 2,032 (21.31%) SQL
5 1,911 (20.04%) Finance
6 1,652 (17.33%) AWS
7 1,600 (16.78%) Python
8 1,536 (16.11%) React
9 1,529 (16.04%) Azure
10 1,499 (15.72%) HTML
11 1,435 (15.05%) .NET
12 1,433 (15.03%) CSS
13 1,384 (14.51%) Microservices
14 1,344 (14.10%) TDD
15 1,336 (14.01%) C#
16 1,291 (13.54%) Node.js
17 1,251 (13.12%) Docker
18 1,235 (12.95%) Git (software)
19 1,187 (12.45%) AngularJS
20 1,167 (12.24%) DevOps
21 1,121 (11.76%) Banking
22 1,108 (11.62%) Software Engineering
23 1,057 (11.09%) Spring
24 1,019 (10.69%) Web Services
25 974 (10.21%) Kubernetes
26 944 (9.90%) Front Office
27 917 (9.62%) REST
28 873 (9.16%) SQL Server
29 856 (8.98%) Scrum
30 774 (8.12%) Front End Development

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 244 (2.56%) Apache
2 227 (2.38%) Confluence
3 203 (2.13%) Apache Spark
4 197 (2.07%) Elasticsearch
5 158 (1.66%) CMS
6 149 (1.56%) SharePoint
7 144 (1.51%) Mule
8 107 (1.12%) WebLogic
9 104 (1.09%) WordPress
10 95 (1.00%) Red Hat Fuse
11 76 (0.80%) WebSphere
12 73 (0.77%) JBoss
13 63 (0.66%) Drupal
14 55 (0.58%) IIS
14 55 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 55 (0.58%) Tomcat
15 41 (0.43%) BizTalk Server
16 38 (0.40%) SAS
17 36 (0.38%) Appian
18 35 (0.37%) Umbraco
Applications
1 117 (1.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 58 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.34%) Spreadsheet
4 24 (0.25%) Photoshop
5 17 (0.18%) MS Visio
6 15 (0.16%) Chatbot
7 14 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.10%) Adobe XD
9 9 (0.094%) Sketch
10 8 (0.084%) Adobe Illustrator
10 8 (0.084%) Figma
10 8 (0.084%) InVision
11 7 (0.073%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 7 (0.073%) Zeplin
12 3 (0.031%) InfoPath
12 3 (0.031%) Microsoft Project
13 2 (0.021%) 3ds Max
13 2 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
13 2 (0.021%) Maya
13 2 (0.021%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 120 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 50 (0.52%) Magento
3 29 (0.30%) Shopify
4 22 (0.23%) ION MarketView
5 20 (0.21%) Maximo
6 15 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
7 14 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
7 14 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
8 12 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 12 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
8 12 (0.13%) SunGard Martini
9 11 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 11 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
10 10 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
11 9 (0.094%) Dynamics NAV
11 9 (0.094%) Payment Gateway
11 9 (0.094%) Remedy ITSM
11 9 (0.094%) Teamcenter
12 7 (0.073%) Oracle BPM
12 7 (0.073%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,652 (17.33%) AWS
2 1,529 (16.04%) Azure
3 570 (5.98%) Serverless
4 480 (5.03%) GCP
5 427 (4.48%) Power Platform
6 385 (4.04%) AWS Lambda
7 278 (2.92%) GitHub
8 263 (2.76%) Amazon S3
9 139 (1.46%) Amazon EC2
10 128 (1.34%) Amazon SQS
11 121 (1.27%) Dynamics 365
12 115 (1.21%) SaaS
13 113 (1.19%) PowerApps
14 110 (1.15%) PaaS
15 94 (0.99%) AWS Step Functions
16 89 (0.93%) OpenShift
17 88 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
17 88 (0.92%) Logic Apps
18 78 (0.82%) Apigee
19 76 (0.80%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 108 (1.13%) HTTP
2 46 (0.48%) Internet
2 46 (0.48%) TCP/IP
3 37 (0.39%) Firewall
3 37 (0.39%) SSL
4 24 (0.25%) DNS
5 23 (0.24%) HTTPS
6 20 (0.21%) Multicast
7 18 (0.19%) FTP
7 18 (0.19%) Intranet
8 14 (0.15%) VPN
9 13 (0.14%) Kerberos
9 13 (0.14%) VoIP
10 12 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
11 11 (0.12%) IPv6
12 10 (0.10%) IPv4
12 10 (0.10%) VoLTE
13 9 (0.094%) SSH
14 8 (0.084%) Bluetooth
15 7 (0.073%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 873 (9.16%) SQL Server
2 459 (4.81%) MySQL
3 387 (4.06%) Relational Database
4 372 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
5 365 (3.83%) NoSQL
6 344 (3.61%) MongoDB
6 344 (3.61%) Power BI
7 273 (2.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 268 (2.81%) Data Warehouse
9 227 (2.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 201 (2.11%) Big Data
11 188 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 169 (1.77%) Hadoop
13 158 (1.66%) Oracle Database
14 143 (1.50%) Amazon RDS
15 126 (1.32%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 123 (1.29%) Tableau
17 106 (1.11%) Azure SQL Database
18 101 (1.06%) RDBMS
19 95 (1.00%) Redis
Development Applications
1 1,235 (12.95%) Git (software)
2 773 (8.11%) Jenkins
3 472 (4.95%) JIRA
4 333 (3.49%) Maven
5 215 (2.25%) JUnit
6 188 (1.97%) Visual Studio
7 181 (1.90%) GitLab
8 164 (1.72%) webpack
9 129 (1.35%) Subversion
10 124 (1.30%) Cucumber
11 123 (1.29%) Selenium
12 122 (1.28%) Gradle
13 117 (1.23%) Bitbucket
14 110 (1.15%) Sonatype Nexus
15 100 (1.05%) gulp
16 99 (1.04%) SonarQube
17 98 (1.03%) Team Foundation Server
18 89 (0.93%) Jasmine
19 84 (0.88%) Mockito
20 81 (0.85%) TeamCity
General
1 1,911 (20.04%) Finance
2 1,121 (11.76%) Banking
3 944 (9.90%) Front Office
4 541 (5.67%) Public Sector
5 474 (4.97%) Investment Banking
6 215 (2.25%) Marketing
7 148 (1.55%) Retail
8 128 (1.34%) Telecoms
9 115 (1.21%) Law
10 95 (1.00%) Manufacturing
11 80 (0.84%) Electronics
11 80 (0.84%) Games
12 60 (0.63%) Advertising
13 50 (0.52%) Back Office
13 50 (0.52%) Financial Institution
14 36 (0.38%) Publishing
14 36 (0.38%) Retail Banking
15 29 (0.30%) French Language
16 26 (0.27%) Automotive
17 24 (0.25%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,536 (16.11%) React
2 1,499 (15.72%) HTML
3 1,435 (15.05%) .NET
4 1,433 (15.03%) CSS
5 1,291 (13.54%) Node.js
6 1,187 (12.45%) AngularJS
7 1,057 (11.09%) Spring
8 1,019 (10.69%) Web Services
9 917 (9.62%) REST
10 617 (6.47%) Spring Boot
11 574 (6.02%) HTML5
12 560 (5.87%) RESTful
13 437 (4.58%) JSON
14 417 (4.37%) Kafka
15 406 (4.26%) .NET Core
16 399 (4.18%) Vue.js
17 395 (4.14%) ASP.NET
18 374 (3.92%) XML
19 373 (3.91%) Redux
20 346 (3.63%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 512 (5.37%) User Experience
2 453 (4.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 438 (4.59%) Fixed Income
4 417 (4.37%) Greenfield Project
5 354 (3.71%) Analytical Skills
6 346 (3.63%) Derivative
7 308 (3.23%) Equities
8 293 (3.07%) Mobile App
9 206 (2.16%) Hedge funds
10 158 (1.66%) Data Structures
11 137 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
12 118 (1.24%) Algorithms
13 108 (1.13%) NHS
14 95 (1.00%) Public Cloud
15 89 (0.93%) Self-Motivation
16 88 (0.92%) Blog
16 88 (0.92%) Cloud Native
17 81 (0.85%) Virtual Team
18 59 (0.62%) Credit Risk
19 49 (0.51%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 732 (7.68%) Linux
2 393 (4.12%) Android
3 356 (3.73%) Unix
4 355 (3.72%) Apple iOS
5 235 (2.46%) Windows
6 42 (0.44%) Mac OS X
7 35 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (0.23%) Windows Server
9 16 (0.17%) AIX
10 15 (0.16%) Mac OS
11 13 (0.14%) Ubuntu
12 12 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
13 11 (0.12%) CentOS
13 11 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
13 11 (0.12%) Windows 10
14 10 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
15 8 (0.084%) Windows Server 2016
16 7 (0.073%) Android TV
17 5 (0.052%) Solaris
17 5 (0.052%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,338 (35.01%) Agile Software Development
2 1,384 (14.51%) Microservices
3 1,344 (14.10%) TDD
4 1,167 (12.24%) DevOps
5 1,108 (11.62%) Software Engineering
6 856 (8.98%) Scrum
7 774 (8.12%) Front End Development
8 713 (7.48%) Test Automation
9 692 (7.26%) Business Intelligence
10 553 (5.80%) BDD
11 540 (5.66%) Continuous Integration
12 525 (5.51%) Problem-Solving
13 511 (5.36%) OO
14 491 (5.15%) Asset Management
15 469 (4.92%) Unit Testing
16 452 (4.74%) Analytics
17 449 (4.71%) Web Development
18 433 (4.54%) MVC
19 393 (4.12%) Migration
20 389 (4.08%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 2,935 (30.78%) Java
2 2,897 (30.38%) JavaScript
3 2,032 (21.31%) SQL
4 1,600 (16.78%) Python
5 1,336 (14.01%) C#
6 729 (7.65%) TypeScript
7 494 (5.18%) C++
8 488 (5.12%) Java 8
9 457 (4.79%) Scala
10 454 (4.76%) Kotlin
11 432 (4.53%) PHP
12 339 (3.56%) PL/SQL
13 255 (2.67%) Go
14 216 (2.27%) T-SQL
15 201 (2.11%) C
16 191 (2.00%) Apple Swift
17 187 (1.96%) Shell Script
18 183 (1.92%) ES6
19 170 (1.78%) Ruby
20 125 (1.31%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 767 (8.04%) Security Cleared
2 642 (6.73%) SC Cleared
3 368 (3.86%) Degree
4 129 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 87 (0.91%) DV Cleared
6 62 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
7 40 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
8 30 (0.31%) PhD
9 21 (0.22%) Master's Degree
10 20 (0.21%) AWS Certification
11 12 (0.13%) DBS Check
12 10 (0.10%) BC Cleared
13 9 (0.094%) CTC Cleared
13 9 (0.094%) Microsoft Certification
14 8 (0.084%) Sun Certification
15 7 (0.073%) OCPJP
16 4 (0.042%) MCSE
17 3 (0.031%) ISEB
18 2 (0.021%) ISTQB
18 2 (0.021%) Tableau Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 217 (2.28%) QA
2 81 (0.85%) Data Quality
3 58 (0.61%) WCAG
4 30 (0.31%) GDPR
5 19 (0.20%) SLA
6 14 (0.15%) IFRS
7 11 (0.12%) MiFID
8 10 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
8 10 (0.10%) Dublin Core
8 10 (0.10%) IFRS 9
9 9 (0.094%) PMO
10 7 (0.073%) NCSC
11 5 (0.052%) COREP
11 5 (0.052%) FINREP
11 5 (0.052%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.052%) PSD2
12 4 (0.042%) ISO 26262
13 3 (0.031%) PCI DSS
13 3 (0.031%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.031%) WAI
System Software
1 1,251 (13.12%) Docker
2 64 (0.67%) Active Directory
3 51 (0.53%) HDFS
4 18 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (0.17%) Time Sharing Option
6 13 (0.14%) NDS
6 13 (0.14%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 13 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
7 12 (0.13%) Firmware
8 11 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 5 (0.052%) Apache Flume
9 5 (0.052%) OpenAM
9 5 (0.052%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.031%) Postfix
10 3 (0.031%) Varnish
11 2 (0.021%) etcd
11 2 (0.021%) GridGain
11 2 (0.021%) KVM
11 2 (0.021%) OpenIDM
11 2 (0.021%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 974 (10.21%) Kubernetes
2 459 (4.81%) Terraform
3 175 (1.84%) Ansible
4 65 (0.68%) Puppet
5 49 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
6 47 (0.49%) Grafana
7 42 (0.44%) Kibana
8 29 (0.30%) Prometheus
9 26 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
10 16 (0.17%) Oozie
11 13 (0.14%) Consul
11 13 (0.14%) Control-M
11 13 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
11 13 (0.14%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 11 (0.12%) Tivoli
13 10 (0.10%) logstash
14 8 (0.084%) HP Quality Center
14 8 (0.084%) Nessus
15 6 (0.063%) Capistrano
15 6 (0.063%) CloudHub
Vendors
1 758 (7.95%) Oracle
2 640 (6.71%) Microsoft
3 272 (2.85%) Google
4 254 (2.66%) SAP
5 239 (2.51%) Salesforce.com
6 123 (1.29%) MuleSoft
7 119 (1.25%) ServiceNow
8 117 (1.23%) IBM
9 106 (1.11%) Splunk
10 93 (0.98%) Adobe
11 87 (0.91%) webMethods
12 82 (0.86%) Informatica
13 70 (0.73%) BEA
14 68 (0.71%) Databricks
15 59 (0.62%) Bloomberg
15 59 (0.62%) Red Hat
15 59 (0.62%) Xamarin
16 56 (0.59%) Pega
17 53 (0.56%) Atlassian
18 51 (0.53%) Sybase