Period
to 19 February 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 25,899 23,649 25,981
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 25.71% 25.02% 24.06%
As % of the Job Titles category 27.13% 26.40% 25.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,267 16,963 18,726
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £401
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.12% +0.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 170 238 349
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.50 £20.35 £19.65
90th Percentile £63.93 £52.83 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £39.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.59% -1.25% +9.59%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 95,460 89,566 102,600
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.78% 94.76% 95.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 63,406 58,384 65,671
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £263 £253 £250
90th Percentile £625 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £382
% change year-on-year - +4.71% +1.87%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,830 3,195 3,744
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.89% -5.26% +15.15%
10th Percentile £10.99 £10.63 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.00 £47.50 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year - -5.41% +12.12%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 24,013 £450 +5.88% 8,767
London 0 13,892 £500 +8.11% 3,483
UK excluding London -1 11,615 £400 +6.67% 5,706
South East -1 3,635 £413 +3.13% 1,367
North of England -1 2,674 £375 - 1,684
Midlands -1 1,583 £375 - 959
North West 0 1,365 £375 - 954
South West -1 1,255 £400 +6.67% 606
Yorkshire -1 1,169 £400 +6.67% 607
Scotland -2 1,001 £375 - 259
West Midlands 0 953 £375 - 506
East of England -1 936 £400 +6.67% 665
East Midlands -1 613 £375 +2.74% 451
Wales 0 327 £400 -5.88% 123
Northern Ireland 0 274 £443 +7.60% 44
North East -6 146 £389 +3.67% 123
Isle of Man -4 1 £300 -31.43%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 10,356 (39.99%) Agile Software Development
2 8,733 (33.72%) JavaScript
3 8,492 (32.79%) Java
4 6,782 (26.19%) HTML
5 6,182 (23.87%) CSS
6 6,167 (23.81%) SQL
7 6,003 (23.18%) C#
8 5,873 (22.68%) TDD
9 5,532 (21.36%) .NET
10 4,793 (18.51%) Finance
11 4,527 (17.48%) AngularJS
12 4,134 (15.96%) SQL Server
13 3,728 (14.39%) Git (software)
14 3,402 (13.14%) MVC
15 3,186 (12.30%) HTML5
16 3,048 (11.77%) Web Services
17 2,984 (11.52%) Scrum
18 2,981 (11.51%) Spring
19 2,914 (11.25%) Banking
20 2,829 (10.92%) React
21 2,680 (10.35%) Node.js
22 2,663 (10.28%) BDD
23 2,642 (10.20%) Continuous Integration
24 2,576 (9.95%) Front End Development
25 2,537 (9.80%) RESTful
26 2,529 (9.76%) REST
27 2,424 (9.36%) jQuery
28 2,373 (9.16%) OO
29 2,306 (8.90%) ASP.NET
30 2,281 (8.81%) Oracle

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 680 (2.63%) CMS
2 550 (2.12%) Tomcat
3 540 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
4 494 (1.91%) Apache Spark
5 492 (1.90%) Apache
6 468 (1.81%) Confluence
7 457 (1.76%) SharePoint
8 422 (1.63%) WebSphere
9 408 (1.58%) JBoss
10 285 (1.10%) Drupal
10 285 (1.10%) WebLogic
11 229 (0.88%) WordPress
12 217 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 203 (0.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 201 (0.78%) IIS
15 158 (0.61%) SAS
16 156 (0.60%) Umbraco
17 147 (0.57%) Mule
18 142 (0.55%) OpenStack
19 134 (0.52%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 469 (1.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 165 (0.64%) Photoshop
3 145 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
4 80 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
5 69 (0.27%) Adobe Illustrator
5 69 (0.27%) MS Visio
6 64 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 50 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 29 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
9 22 (0.085%) InfoPath
10 19 (0.073%) GIMP
11 15 (0.058%) Adobe Captivate
12 12 (0.046%) OmniGraffle
13 11 (0.042%) Chatbot
13 11 (0.042%) SPSS
14 8 (0.031%) Pipeline Pilot
15 7 (0.027%) InVision
16 6 (0.023%) Maya
17 5 (0.019%) Doxygen
18 4 (0.015%) 3ds Max
Business Applications
1 312 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 234 (0.90%) Magento
3 90 (0.35%) Markit EDM
4 85 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
5 57 (0.22%) ION MarketView
5 57 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
6 51 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
7 41 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
7 41 (0.16%) Temenos T24
8 39 (0.15%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 38 (0.15%) Endur
10 37 (0.14%) Cognos TM1
11 28 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 27 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
12 27 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
13 25 (0.097%) Adobe Campaign
14 23 (0.089%) Elite 3E
15 22 (0.085%) BusinessWorks
16 20 (0.077%) Oracle EBS R12
17 18 (0.070%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 1,989 (7.68%) Amazon AWS
2 1,586 (6.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 499 (1.93%) GitHub
4 343 (1.32%) npm
5 330 (1.27%) Serverless
6 217 (0.84%) PaaS
7 196 (0.76%) Google Cloud Platform
8 193 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
9 190 (0.73%) Amazon S3
10 187 (0.72%) SaaS
11 178 (0.69%) AWS Lambda
12 139 (0.54%) Dynamics 365
13 126 (0.49%) Office 365
14 121 (0.47%) OpenShift
15 97 (0.37%) Heroku
16 92 (0.36%) Cloud Computing
17 88 (0.34%) IaaS
18 85 (0.33%) Amazon SQS
19 75 (0.29%) Google Analytics
20 55 (0.21%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 481 (1.86%) HTTP
2 193 (0.75%) Internet
3 156 (0.60%) TCP/IP
4 116 (0.45%) SMS
5 99 (0.38%) SSL
6 84 (0.32%) FTP
7 83 (0.32%) Intranet
8 77 (0.30%) Bluetooth
9 51 (0.20%) Firewall
10 50 (0.19%) Kerberos
11 47 (0.18%) Skype
12 38 (0.15%) DNS
13 35 (0.14%) AMQP
14 30 (0.12%) FIX Connectivity
15 28 (0.11%) SMTP
16 22 (0.085%) SSH
17 21 (0.081%) Wi-Fi
17 21 (0.081%) Wireless
18 17 (0.066%) Network Security
19 13 (0.050%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,134 (15.96%) SQL Server
2 1,470 (5.68%) NoSQL
3 1,437 (5.55%) MySQL
4 1,375 (5.31%) Relational Database
5 1,184 (4.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,102 (4.25%) MongoDB
7 969 (3.74%) Data Warehouse
8 957 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
9 924 (3.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 806 (3.11%) Big Data
11 638 (2.46%) Hadoop
12 599 (2.31%) RDBMS
13 550 (2.12%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 482 (1.86%) Oracle Database
15 385 (1.49%) SQL Server 2012
16 382 (1.47%) SQL Server 2008
17 365 (1.41%) Power BI
18 301 (1.16%) Redis
19 294 (1.14%) SQL Server 2016
20 289 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 3,728 (14.39%) Git (software)
2 1,874 (7.24%) Jenkins
3 1,356 (5.24%) Maven
4 1,163 (4.49%) JIRA
5 1,009 (3.90%) JUnit
6 768 (2.97%) Visual Studio
7 752 (2.90%) Subversion
8 690 (2.66%) Selenium
9 604 (2.33%) Team Foundation Server
10 546 (2.11%) Cucumber
11 531 (2.05%) gulp
12 513 (1.98%) TeamCity
13 503 (1.94%) Mockito
14 485 (1.87%) webpack
15 452 (1.75%) NUnit
16 440 (1.70%) Grunt
17 431 (1.66%) Gradle
18 408 (1.58%) Jasmine
19 359 (1.39%) Eclipse
20 287 (1.11%) Mocha
General
1 4,793 (18.51%) Finance
2 2,914 (11.25%) Banking
3 1,459 (5.63%) Front Office
4 946 (3.65%) Investment Banking
5 745 (2.88%) Retail
6 584 (2.25%) Marketing
7 403 (1.56%) Telecoms
8 364 (1.41%) Games
9 247 (0.95%) Manufacturing
10 228 (0.88%) Law
11 222 (0.86%) Publishing
12 209 (0.81%) Financial Institution
13 195 (0.75%) Advertising
14 162 (0.63%) Back Office
15 161 (0.62%) Electronics
16 156 (0.60%) Legal
17 145 (0.56%) Retail Banking
18 85 (0.33%) Automotive
19 68 (0.26%) Billing
20 34 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,782 (26.19%) HTML
2 6,182 (23.87%) CSS
3 5,532 (21.36%) .NET
4 4,527 (17.48%) AngularJS
5 3,186 (12.30%) HTML5
6 3,048 (11.77%) Web Services
7 2,981 (11.51%) Spring
8 2,829 (10.92%) React
9 2,680 (10.35%) Node.js
10 2,537 (9.80%) RESTful
11 2,529 (9.76%) REST
12 2,424 (9.36%) jQuery
13 2,306 (8.90%) ASP.NET
14 2,045 (7.90%) CSS3
15 1,811 (6.99%) XML
16 1,557 (6.01%) JSON
17 1,330 (5.14%) ASP.NET Web API
18 1,297 (5.01%) Hibernate
19 1,268 (4.90%) SOAP
20 1,210 (4.67%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 1,592 (6.15%) Greenfield Project
2 1,232 (4.76%) User Experience
3 1,098 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
4 911 (3.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 796 (3.07%) Mobile App
6 747 (2.88%) Computer Science
7 563 (2.17%) Fintech
8 502 (1.94%) Derivative
9 463 (1.79%) Fixed Income
10 456 (1.76%) Data Structures
11 442 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
12 438 (1.69%) Algorithms
13 353 (1.36%) Equities
14 197 (0.76%) Virtual Team
15 182 (0.70%) Hedge funds
16 177 (0.68%) N-Tier
17 172 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
18 161 (0.62%) Credit Risk
19 149 (0.58%) Equity Derivative
19 149 (0.58%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2,229 (8.61%) Linux
2 1,342 (5.18%) Unix
3 901 (3.48%) Windows
4 878 (3.39%) Android
5 781 (3.02%) Apple iOS
6 149 (0.58%) Mac OS X
7 123 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 104 (0.40%) Windows Server
9 78 (0.30%) Solaris
10 72 (0.28%) VMS
11 58 (0.22%) CentOS
12 50 (0.19%) Ubuntu
13 43 (0.17%) AIX
14 41 (0.16%) Mac OS
15 40 (0.15%) Windows 10
16 34 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
17 28 (0.11%) Windows 7
18 22 (0.085%) Windows Server 2008
19 19 (0.073%) Embedded Linux
20 17 (0.066%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,356 (39.99%) Agile Software Development
2 5,873 (22.68%) TDD
3 3,402 (13.14%) MVC
4 2,984 (11.52%) Scrum
5 2,663 (10.28%) BDD
6 2,642 (10.20%) Continuous Integration
7 2,576 (9.95%) Front End Development
8 2,373 (9.16%) OO
9 2,194 (8.47%) Test Automation
10 2,191 (8.46%) Microservices
11 1,909 (7.37%) Web Development
12 1,647 (6.36%) Unit Testing
13 1,529 (5.90%) DevOps
14 1,497 (5.78%) Business Intelligence
15 1,432 (5.53%) Software Engineering
16 1,401 (5.41%) E-Commerce
17 1,300 (5.02%) Multithreading
18 1,106 (4.27%) SDLC
19 1,042 (4.02%) ETL
20 961 (3.71%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 8,733 (33.72%) JavaScript
2 8,492 (32.79%) Java
3 6,167 (23.81%) SQL
4 6,003 (23.18%) C#
5 2,252 (8.70%) Python
6 1,315 (5.08%) PHP
7 1,190 (4.59%) C++
8 1,110 (4.29%) Scala
9 1,076 (4.15%) T-SQL
10 799 (3.09%) TypeScript
11 780 (3.01%) ES6
12 652 (2.52%) Ruby
13 622 (2.40%) PL/SQL
14 407 (1.57%) VBA
15 391 (1.51%) VB.NET
16 363 (1.40%) Apple Swift
17 357 (1.38%) C
18 344 (1.33%) Objective-C
19 328 (1.27%) Shell Script
20 284 (1.10%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,146 (4.42%) Degree
2 1,042 (4.02%) Security Cleared
3 697 (2.69%) SC Cleared
4 392 (1.51%) Computer Science Degree
5 112 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
6 103 (0.40%) DV Cleared
7 98 (0.38%) PhD
8 89 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
9 86 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
10 77 (0.30%) Master's Degree
11 34 (0.13%) Sun Certification
12 27 (0.10%) MCSE
13 25 (0.097%) CTC Cleared
14 20 (0.077%) DBS Check
15 17 (0.066%) BC Cleared
15 17 (0.066%) MCTS
16 15 (0.058%) ITIL Certification
17 13 (0.050%) ISTQB
18 12 (0.046%) MCSA
19 11 (0.042%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 662 (2.56%) QA
2 157 (0.61%) Data Quality
3 141 (0.54%) MiFID
4 72 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
5 58 (0.22%) GCP
6 54 (0.21%) WCAG
7 49 (0.19%) GDPR
8 44 (0.17%) PCI DSS
9 41 (0.16%) HL7
10 31 (0.12%) EMIR
11 27 (0.10%) SLA
12 26 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 18 (0.070%) IFRS
14 16 (0.062%) IFRS 9
15 14 (0.054%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 13 (0.050%) Solvency II
17 12 (0.046%) PMO
17 12 (0.046%) WAI
18 11 (0.042%) ISO 9001
19 10 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 1,463 (5.65%) Docker
2 116 (0.45%) HDFS
3 94 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 80 (0.31%) Active Directory
5 59 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
6 37 (0.14%) Apache Flume
7 30 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
8 24 (0.093%) vSphere
9 15 (0.058%) Oracle RAC
10 14 (0.054%) Varnish
11 13 (0.050%) Firmware
12 12 (0.046%) Oracle Clusterware
13 9 (0.035%) KVM
14 8 (0.031%) GeoWebCache
15 7 (0.027%) Hyper-V
15 7 (0.027%) OpenAM
15 7 (0.027%) VirtualBox
16 6 (0.023%) etcd
16 6 (0.023%) Platform Symphony
16 6 (0.023%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 630 (2.43%) Ansible
2 492 (1.90%) Puppet
3 418 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
4 358 (1.38%) Kubernetes
5 191 (0.74%) Terraform
6 118 (0.46%) Kibana
7 102 (0.39%) Grafana
8 90 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
9 71 (0.27%) logstash
10 61 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
11 38 (0.15%) Cobbler
12 32 (0.12%) Control-M
13 30 (0.12%) Mesos
13 30 (0.12%) Oozie
14 20 (0.077%) Consul
15 19 (0.073%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
16 18 (0.070%) Nagios
16 18 (0.070%) Packer
17 17 (0.066%) Docker Swarm
17 17 (0.066%) Salt
Vendors
1 2,281 (8.81%) Oracle
2 2,111 (8.15%) Microsoft
3 460 (1.78%) IBM
4 458 (1.77%) SAP
5 413 (1.59%) Google
6 390 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
7 357 (1.38%) Adobe
8 339 (1.31%) Tableau
9 290 (1.12%) TIBCO
10 275 (1.06%) Sitecore
11 237 (0.92%) Sybase
12 230 (0.89%) ServiceNow
13 217 (0.84%) Xamarin
14 162 (0.63%) MuleSoft
15 157 (0.61%) Splunk
16 156 (0.60%) Informatica
17 151 (0.58%) Cognos
18 143 (0.55%) Red Hat
19 142 (0.55%) Atlassian
20 136 (0.53%) Apple