Period
to 21 October 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 20,352 28,168 26,389
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.96% 27.52% 26.56%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.45% 29.05% 27.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,752 20,751 19,405
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +8.43%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 127 156 218
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50
10th Percentile £21.05 £19.88 £24.99
90th Percentile £64.25 £60.47 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £42.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year -1.18% +2.41% +3.75%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 79,968 96,970 94,349
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.14% 94.75% 94.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,489 63,731 61,955
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £263 £268 £263
90th Percentile £644 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,866 3,111 2,809
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.75 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.68% -5.08% +3.54%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £17.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +5.71% -2.78% +2.86%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 18,806 £475 - 7,720
London 0 10,711 £525 +0.96% 2,772
UK excluding London 0 9,226 £425 +3.03% 5,501
South East 0 2,577 £433 +1.76% 1,324
North of England 0 2,188 £413 +3.13% 1,512
Midlands 0 1,234 £413 +3.13% 859
South West -1 1,232 £425 +3.03% 708
North West 0 1,178 £400 +3.23% 846
Scotland +1 944 £425 +6.25% 335
Yorkshire 0 863 £425 +6.25% 524
West Midlands 0 762 £425 +3.34% 489
East of England 0 724 £425 - 547
East Midlands +1 456 £400 - 367
Wales -2 205 £413 -0.60% 160
North East -1 147 £425 +10.92% 142
Northern Ireland 0 117 £425 -1.45% 59
Channel Islands 0 13 - -
Isle of Man 0 2 - - 2

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 7,894 (38.79%) Agile Software Development
2 6,932 (34.06%) JavaScript
3 5,479 (26.92%) Java
4 4,787 (23.52%) SQL
5 4,528 (22.25%) C#
6 4,381 (21.53%) HTML
7 4,234 (20.80%) .NET
8 4,117 (20.23%) CSS
9 3,777 (18.56%) TDD
10 3,538 (17.38%) Finance
11 3,415 (16.78%) AngularJS
12 3,101 (15.24%) React
13 2,847 (13.99%) Azure
14 2,810 (13.81%) SQL Server
15 2,663 (13.08%) Microservices
16 2,540 (12.48%) Git (software)
17 2,448 (12.03%) Python
18 2,384 (11.71%) Node.js
19 2,378 (11.68%) AWS
20 2,238 (11.00%) Scrum
21 2,171 (10.67%) Front End Development
22 2,049 (10.07%) DevOps
23 1,909 (9.38%) Microsoft
24 1,872 (9.20%) Spring
25 1,840 (9.04%) Docker
26 1,834 (9.01%) Web Services
27 1,831 (9.00%) MVC
28 1,759 (8.64%) REST
29 1,741 (8.55%) Banking
30 1,704 (8.37%) HTML5

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 526 (2.58%) Confluence
2 480 (2.36%) CMS
3 429 (2.11%) SharePoint
4 403 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
5 345 (1.70%) Apache
6 343 (1.69%) Apache Spark
7 193 (0.95%) WordPress
8 175 (0.86%) Drupal
9 164 (0.81%) Tomcat
10 144 (0.71%) Umbraco
11 129 (0.63%) WebSphere
12 120 (0.59%) IIS
13 115 (0.57%) JBoss
14 97 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 93 (0.46%) WebLogic
16 87 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 78 (0.38%) SAS
18 72 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
19 71 (0.35%) nginx
20 66 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 347 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 113 (0.56%) Photoshop
3 85 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
4 39 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
5 35 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 34 (0.17%) MS Visio
7 32 (0.16%) Sketch
8 28 (0.14%) GIMP
9 26 (0.13%) Zeplin
10 19 (0.093%) Chatbot
10 19 (0.093%) Spreadsheet
11 17 (0.084%) InVision
11 17 (0.084%) XMetaL
12 16 (0.079%) InfoPath
13 11 (0.054%) Adobe XD
14 9 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 8 (0.039%) FileZilla
16 7 (0.034%) Notepad++
17 6 (0.029%) Adobe Captivate
17 6 (0.029%) Figma
Business Applications
1 364 (1.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 165 (0.81%) Magento
3 70 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
4 52 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
4 52 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
5 31 (0.15%) NetSuite
6 28 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
7 27 (0.13%) Endur
8 26 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
8 26 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 25 (0.12%) Shopify
10 24 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
11 23 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
12 22 (0.11%) BASE24
12 22 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
12 22 (0.11%) R3 Corda
13 21 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
13 21 (0.10%) ION MarketView
13 21 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
14 20 (0.098%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 2,847 (13.99%) Azure
2 2,378 (11.68%) AWS
3 853 (4.19%) Power Platform
4 762 (3.74%) Serverless
5 497 (2.44%) GCP
6 495 (2.43%) GitHub
7 436 (2.14%) AWS Lambda
8 380 (1.87%) Dynamics 365
9 292 (1.43%) Amazon S3
10 262 (1.29%) npm
11 259 (1.27%) Amazon EC2
12 239 (1.17%) SaaS
13 224 (1.10%) OpenShift
14 207 (1.02%) PaaS
15 205 (1.01%) Amazon SQS
16 181 (0.89%) Azure Functions
17 179 (0.88%) Office 365
18 169 (0.83%) AWS CloudFormation
19 125 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
20 105 (0.52%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 288 (1.42%) HTTP
2 112 (0.55%) Internet
3 108 (0.53%) TCP/IP
4 85 (0.42%) FTP
5 75 (0.37%) SSL
6 45 (0.22%) DNS
7 39 (0.19%) Intranet
8 38 (0.19%) HTTPS
9 35 (0.17%) Skype
10 33 (0.16%) SSH
11 32 (0.16%) Bluetooth
12 25 (0.12%) Ethernet
13 24 (0.12%) AMQP
14 20 (0.098%) Firewall
15 19 (0.093%) VoIP
16 17 (0.084%) Multicast
17 16 (0.079%) SMTP
18 15 (0.074%) Network Security
18 15 (0.074%) Wi-Fi
19 13 (0.064%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,810 (13.81%) SQL Server
2 1,033 (5.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1,025 (5.04%) MySQL
4 876 (4.30%) NoSQL
5 824 (4.05%) Data Warehouse
6 803 (3.95%) PostgreSQL
6 803 (3.95%) Relational Database
7 784 (3.85%) Power BI
8 735 (3.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 640 (3.14%) MongoDB
10 510 (2.51%) Big Data
11 409 (2.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 385 (1.89%) Oracle Database
13 294 (1.44%) Hadoop
14 231 (1.14%) RDBMS
15 224 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 208 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
17 200 (0.98%) Redis
18 186 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
19 166 (0.82%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 2,540 (12.48%) Git (software)
2 1,367 (6.72%) Jenkins
3 1,062 (5.22%) JIRA
4 579 (2.84%) Maven
5 560 (2.75%) Visual Studio
6 559 (2.75%) JUnit
7 450 (2.21%) webpack
8 447 (2.20%) Selenium
9 440 (2.16%) TeamCity
10 374 (1.84%) Cucumber
11 336 (1.65%) Team Foundation Server
12 329 (1.62%) Bitbucket
13 304 (1.49%) Subversion
14 298 (1.46%) gulp
15 296 (1.45%) Jasmine
16 293 (1.44%) Mockito
17 230 (1.13%) Grunt
18 213 (1.05%) Gradle
19 204 (1.00%) Karma Test Runner
20 190 (0.93%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 3,538 (17.38%) Finance
2 1,741 (8.55%) Banking
3 901 (4.43%) Front Office
4 717 (3.52%) Public Sector
5 589 (2.89%) Retail
6 531 (2.61%) Investment Banking
7 416 (2.04%) Marketing
8 261 (1.28%) Law
9 251 (1.23%) Telecoms
10 248 (1.22%) Games
11 194 (0.95%) Financial Institution
12 170 (0.84%) Manufacturing
13 137 (0.67%) Back Office
14 130 (0.64%) Publishing
15 105 (0.52%) Electronics
16 102 (0.50%) Advertising
17 85 (0.42%) Legal
18 68 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
19 62 (0.30%) Retail Banking
20 61 (0.30%) Automotive
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,381 (21.53%) HTML
2 4,234 (20.80%) .NET
3 4,117 (20.23%) CSS
4 3,415 (16.78%) AngularJS
5 3,101 (15.24%) React
6 2,384 (11.71%) Node.js
7 1,872 (9.20%) Spring
8 1,834 (9.01%) Web Services
9 1,759 (8.64%) REST
10 1,704 (8.37%) HTML5
11 1,569 (7.71%) RESTful
12 1,432 (7.04%) ASP.NET
13 1,117 (5.49%) Redux
14 1,102 (5.41%) jQuery
15 1,084 (5.33%) CSS3
16 1,064 (5.23%) JSON
17 1,063 (5.22%) XML
18 994 (4.88%) .NET Core
19 934 (4.59%) .NET Framework
20 908 (4.46%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 1,464 (7.19%) Greenfield Project
2 1,104 (5.42%) User Experience
3 755 (3.71%) Analytical Skills
4 614 (3.02%) Mobile App
5 359 (1.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 353 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
7 352 (1.73%) Derivative
8 294 (1.44%) Equities
9 273 (1.34%) Fixed Income
10 258 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
11 255 (1.25%) Algorithms
11 255 (1.25%) Data Structures
12 245 (1.20%) Hedge funds
13 147 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
14 140 (0.69%) Virtual Team
15 126 (0.62%) Equity Derivative
16 105 (0.52%) Management Information System
17 99 (0.49%) NHS
18 98 (0.48%) Public Cloud
19 95 (0.47%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 1,301 (6.39%) Linux
2 679 (3.34%) Android
3 615 (3.02%) Unix
4 585 (2.87%) Windows
5 532 (2.61%) Apple iOS
6 65 (0.32%) Mac OS X
7 60 (0.29%) CentOS
8 54 (0.27%) Windows Server
9 44 (0.22%) Mac OS
10 43 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 39 (0.19%) AIX
12 38 (0.19%) Ubuntu
13 37 (0.18%) VMS
14 32 (0.16%) tvOS
15 30 (0.15%) Windows 10
16 25 (0.12%) OpenVMS
17 17 (0.084%) Windows Server 2012
18 15 (0.074%) Solaris
18 15 (0.074%) Windows Server 2008
19 13 (0.064%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,894 (38.79%) Agile Software Development
2 3,777 (18.56%) TDD
3 2,663 (13.08%) Microservices
4 2,238 (11.00%) Scrum
5 2,171 (10.67%) Front End Development
6 2,049 (10.07%) DevOps
7 1,831 (9.00%) MVC
8 1,637 (8.04%) Continuous Integration
9 1,575 (7.74%) Test Automation
10 1,536 (7.55%) BDD
11 1,448 (7.11%) Business Intelligence
12 1,306 (6.42%) OO
12 1,306 (6.42%) Software Engineering
13 1,214 (5.97%) Unit Testing
14 1,155 (5.68%) Web Development
15 1,013 (4.98%) Problem-Solving
16 976 (4.80%) ETL
17 921 (4.53%) Analytics
18 920 (4.52%) E-Commerce
19 803 (3.95%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 6,932 (34.06%) JavaScript
2 5,479 (26.92%) Java
3 4,787 (23.52%) SQL
4 4,528 (22.25%) C#
5 2,448 (12.03%) Python
6 1,297 (6.37%) TypeScript
7 1,128 (5.54%) Java 8
8 1,117 (5.49%) PHP
9 716 (3.52%) T-SQL
10 714 (3.51%) ES6
11 707 (3.47%) C++
12 669 (3.29%) Scala
13 560 (2.75%) Ruby
14 519 (2.55%) PL/SQL
15 394 (1.94%) Kotlin
16 344 (1.69%) PowerShell
17 327 (1.61%) C
18 279 (1.37%) Apple Swift
19 277 (1.36%) Shell Script
20 262 (1.29%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 1,130 (5.55%) Security Cleared
2 842 (4.14%) SC Cleared
3 716 (3.52%) Degree
4 249 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
5 121 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
6 100 (0.49%) DV Cleared
7 67 (0.33%) AWS Certification
8 48 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
9 41 (0.20%) DBS Check
10 35 (0.17%) Master's Degree
11 22 (0.11%) ISTQB
12 21 (0.10%) Numerate Degree
12 21 (0.10%) Sun Certification
13 18 (0.088%) MCSE
14 17 (0.084%) ISEB
14 17 (0.084%) PhD
15 14 (0.069%) OCPJP
16 13 (0.064%) BC Cleared
17 12 (0.059%) CTC Cleared
17 12 (0.059%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 425 (2.09%) QA
2 129 (0.63%) Data Quality
3 97 (0.48%) WCAG
4 47 (0.23%) GDPR
5 45 (0.22%) MiFID
6 32 (0.16%) SLA
7 20 (0.098%) PMO
7 20 (0.098%) PSD2
8 19 (0.093%) EMIR
9 18 (0.088%) Disclosure Scotland
9 18 (0.088%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.044%) HL7
11 8 (0.039%) MISRA
12 7 (0.034%) WAI
13 6 (0.029%) COREP
13 6 (0.029%) Dodd-Frank
13 6 (0.029%) IFRS
14 5 (0.025%) GAAP
14 5 (0.025%) ISO 9001
15 4 (0.020%) ISO 14001
System Software
1 1,840 (9.04%) Docker
2 167 (0.82%) Active Directory
3 69 (0.34%) HDFS
4 43 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
4 43 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
5 30 (0.15%) Postfix
6 29 (0.14%) vSphere
7 21 (0.10%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 16 (0.079%) Oracle RAC
9 13 (0.064%) OpenAM
10 9 (0.044%) Microsoft App-V
10 9 (0.044%) VirtualBox
11 8 (0.039%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 8 (0.039%) Firmware
11 8 (0.039%) OpenDJ
12 7 (0.034%) Varnish
13 6 (0.029%) NDS
13 6 (0.029%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 5 (0.025%) LXC
14 5 (0.025%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 958 (4.71%) Kubernetes
2 357 (1.75%) Terraform
3 324 (1.59%) Ansible
4 107 (0.53%) Puppet
5 80 (0.39%) Kibana
6 77 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
7 65 (0.32%) Grafana
8 48 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
9 35 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
9 35 (0.17%) Tivoli
10 28 (0.14%) logstash
11 27 (0.13%) Microsoft Intune
12 25 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
13 24 (0.12%) Control-M
13 24 (0.12%) MIIS
14 22 (0.11%) SCCM
15 20 (0.098%) Prometheus
16 17 (0.084%) NetIQ Identity Manager
17 15 (0.074%) Mesos
17 15 (0.074%) Packer
Vendors
1 1,909 (9.38%) Microsoft
2 1,427 (7.01%) Oracle
3 548 (2.69%) Google
4 428 (2.10%) Salesforce.com
5 401 (1.97%) SAP
6 344 (1.69%) Tableau
7 231 (1.14%) IBM
8 228 (1.12%) ServiceNow
9 191 (0.94%) Adobe
10 179 (0.88%) MuleSoft
11 159 (0.78%) Sitecore
12 149 (0.73%) Xamarin
13 132 (0.65%) Informatica
14 128 (0.63%) Atlassian
15 98 (0.48%) Sybase
16 90 (0.44%) Red Hat
17 88 (0.43%) Splunk
18 87 (0.43%) TIBCO
19 85 (0.42%) Apple
20 82 (0.40%) Talend