Period
to 21 March 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 21 March 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
21 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 24,713 26,031 23,474
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 25.53% 25.74% 25.29%
As % of the Job Titles category 26.97% 27.13% 26.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,421 19,330 16,810
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 141 155 231
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% -
10th Percentile £21.42 £17.35 £21.46
90th Percentile £60.00 £64.95 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.81 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.64% +4.51% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 91,622 95,965 88,078
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.66% 94.89% 94.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,722 63,335 57,259
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +2.91%
10th Percentile £270 £263 £255
90th Percentile £650 £631 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +4.58%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,810 2,892 3,108
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.70 £18.39
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.07% +1.70% -3.22%
10th Percentile £11.00 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.47 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 21 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 21 March 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 21 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 22,699 £475 +2.70% 9,194
London -1 12,594 £525 +5.00% 3,358
UK excluding London 0 11,687 £425 +6.25% 6,455
South East 0 3,455 £450 +5.88% 1,551
North of England 0 2,913 £405 +5.19% 1,796
Midlands 0 1,493 £410 +9.33% 1,122
North West 0 1,462 £400 +6.67% 1,004
South West -1 1,352 £438 +9.38% 720
Yorkshire 0 1,182 £420 +5.00% 642
Scotland +1 1,105 £411 +6.13% 383
West Midlands 0 972 £413 +10.00% 645
East of England 0 815 £438 +6.06% 648
East Midlands 0 507 £410 +9.33% 476
Wales +1 451 £438 +16.67% 166
North East +6 269 £425 +13.33% 152
Northern Ireland 0 124 £412 -8.44% 70
Channel Islands - 9 £413 - 1
Isle of Man - 5 £350 -

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 21 March 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 10,262 (41.52%) Agile Software Development
2 8,582 (34.73%) JavaScript
3 7,667 (31.02%) Java
4 6,132 (24.81%) HTML
5 5,818 (23.54%) SQL
6 5,715 (23.13%) C#
7 5,676 (22.97%) .NET
8 5,605 (22.68%) CSS
9 5,235 (21.18%) TDD
10 4,324 (17.50%) AngularJS
11 4,307 (17.43%) Finance
12 3,841 (15.54%) Git (software)
13 3,778 (15.29%) SQL Server
14 3,361 (13.60%) React
15 3,312 (13.40%) Microservices
16 3,080 (12.46%) Node.js
17 3,065 (12.40%) Spring
18 3,019 (12.22%) Microsoft Azure
19 2,915 (11.80%) MVC
20 2,908 (11.77%) REST
21 2,838 (11.48%) Scrum
22 2,621 (10.61%) Amazon AWS
23 2,576 (10.42%) HTML5
24 2,447 (9.90%) Front End Development
25 2,440 (9.87%) Web Services
26 2,325 (9.41%) BDD
27 2,322 (9.40%) Microsoft
28 2,292 (9.27%) Python
29 2,283 (9.24%) Docker
30 2,269 (9.18%) RESTful

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 692 (2.80%) CMS
2 658 (2.66%) Confluence
3 625 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
4 556 (2.25%) SharePoint
5 510 (2.06%) Apache Spark
6 478 (1.93%) Apache
7 334 (1.35%) Tomcat
8 295 (1.19%) WebLogic
9 284 (1.15%) WebSphere
10 251 (1.02%) Drupal
11 239 (0.97%) JBoss
12 217 (0.88%) Mule
13 205 (0.83%) Umbraco
14 204 (0.83%) WordPress
15 167 (0.68%) IIS
16 148 (0.60%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 142 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 116 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
18 116 (0.47%) SAS
19 101 (0.41%) nginx
Applications
1 451 (1.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 148 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
3 127 (0.51%) Photoshop
4 59 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
5 36 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 31 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
7 27 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 21 (0.085%) InVision
9 15 (0.061%) InDesign
10 14 (0.057%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 13 (0.053%) Fireworks
12 12 (0.049%) MS Visio
13 11 (0.045%) Acrobat
14 7 (0.028%) Microsoft Project
15 6 (0.024%) EngageOne
15 6 (0.024%) InfoPath
16 5 (0.020%) Adobe Captivate
17 4 (0.016%) Maya
18 3 (0.012%) GIMP
18 3 (0.012%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 510 (2.06%) Dynamics CRM
2 160 (0.65%) Magento
3 53 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
4 43 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
5 41 (0.17%) ION MarketView
6 37 (0.15%) NetSuite
7 34 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
8 29 (0.12%) Markit EDM
9 28 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 27 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
11 24 (0.097%) Oracle ERP
12 23 (0.093%) BASE24
12 23 (0.093%) Oracle EBS R12
13 22 (0.089%) Cognos TM1
13 22 (0.089%) Distributed Ledger
13 22 (0.089%) Payment Gateway
14 20 (0.081%) Endur
15 18 (0.073%) Cognos Business Intelligence
16 17 (0.069%) Shopify
17 16 (0.065%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 3,019 (12.22%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,621 (10.61%) Amazon AWS
3 674 (2.73%) GitHub
4 504 (2.04%) Serverless
5 437 (1.77%) Google Cloud Platform
6 340 (1.38%) Dynamics 365
7 329 (1.33%) PaaS
8 307 (1.24%) SaaS
9 288 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
10 265 (1.07%) npm
11 232 (0.94%) Office 365
12 227 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
13 178 (0.72%) Amazon S3
14 155 (0.63%) Azure Data Factory
15 140 (0.57%) Amazon SQS
16 132 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
17 125 (0.51%) OpenShift
18 123 (0.50%) Apigee
19 113 (0.46%) Azure Functions
20 107 (0.43%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 487 (1.97%) HTTP
2 193 (0.78%) Internet
3 157 (0.64%) SSL
4 146 (0.59%) TCP/IP
5 79 (0.32%) FTP
6 61 (0.25%) Intranet
7 59 (0.24%) AMQP
8 58 (0.23%) Firewall
9 50 (0.20%) DNS
10 44 (0.18%) Skype
11 42 (0.17%) Kerberos
12 39 (0.16%) Bluetooth
13 33 (0.13%) SSH
14 29 (0.12%) SNMP
15 25 (0.10%) Reverse Proxy
15 25 (0.10%) SMTP
16 24 (0.097%) DHCP
16 24 (0.097%) Wireless
17 22 (0.089%) HTTPS
18 21 (0.085%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,778 (15.29%) SQL Server
2 1,404 (5.68%) NoSQL
3 1,218 (4.93%) MySQL
4 1,192 (4.82%) Relational Database
5 1,157 (4.68%) MongoDB
6 1,120 (4.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1,015 (4.11%) Data Warehouse
8 964 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
9 841 (3.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 762 (3.08%) Big Data
11 754 (3.05%) Power BI
12 540 (2.19%) Hadoop
13 498 (2.02%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 441 (1.78%) Oracle Database
15 435 (1.76%) Apache Cassandra
16 364 (1.47%) RDBMS
17 354 (1.43%) Redis
18 284 (1.15%) SQL Server 2012
19 237 (0.96%) SQL Server 2008
20 226 (0.91%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 3,841 (15.54%) Git (software)
2 2,137 (8.65%) Jenkins
3 1,391 (5.63%) JIRA
4 1,136 (4.60%) Maven
5 889 (3.60%) JUnit
6 861 (3.48%) Visual Studio
7 772 (3.12%) Subversion
8 668 (2.70%) Selenium
9 636 (2.57%) Team Foundation Server
10 616 (2.49%) Cucumber
11 512 (2.07%) gulp
12 471 (1.91%) webpack
13 447 (1.81%) TeamCity
14 402 (1.63%) Visual Studio Team System
15 388 (1.57%) Mockito
16 370 (1.50%) Grunt
17 358 (1.45%) Jasmine
18 316 (1.28%) Bitbucket
19 301 (1.22%) Gradle
20 297 (1.20%) Eclipse
General
1 4,307 (17.43%) Finance
2 2,160 (8.74%) Banking
3 1,142 (4.62%) Front Office
4 665 (2.69%) Retail
5 606 (2.45%) Investment Banking
6 492 (1.99%) Marketing
7 332 (1.34%) Telecoms
8 263 (1.06%) Games
9 239 (0.97%) Manufacturing
10 229 (0.93%) Law
11 191 (0.77%) Back Office
12 181 (0.73%) Legal
13 171 (0.69%) Advertising
14 165 (0.67%) Publishing
15 155 (0.63%) Financial Institution
16 152 (0.62%) Electronics
17 98 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
18 83 (0.34%) Automotive
19 61 (0.25%) Billing
20 57 (0.23%) French Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,132 (24.81%) HTML
2 5,676 (22.97%) .NET
3 5,605 (22.68%) CSS
4 4,324 (17.50%) AngularJS
5 3,361 (13.60%) React
6 3,080 (12.46%) Node.js
7 3,065 (12.40%) Spring
8 2,908 (11.77%) REST
9 2,576 (10.42%) HTML5
10 2,440 (9.87%) Web Services
11 2,269 (9.18%) RESTful
12 2,178 (8.81%) ASP.NET
13 1,854 (7.50%) jQuery
14 1,591 (6.44%) JSON
15 1,530 (6.19%) CSS3
16 1,525 (6.17%) XML
17 1,501 (6.07%) Spring Boot
18 1,311 (5.30%) .NET Framework
19 1,289 (5.22%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,283 (5.19%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1,767 (7.15%) Greenfield Project
2 1,254 (5.07%) User Experience
3 971 (3.93%) Analytical Skills
4 780 (3.16%) Mobile App
5 725 (2.93%) Fintech
6 444 (1.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 436 (1.76%) Data Structures
8 418 (1.69%) Algorithms
9 400 (1.62%) Fixed Income
10 397 (1.61%) Derivative
11 387 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
12 350 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
13 330 (1.34%) Hedge funds
14 264 (1.07%) Equities
15 183 (0.74%) Virtual Team
16 163 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
17 110 (0.45%) NHS
18 93 (0.38%) Credit Risk
18 93 (0.38%) Equity Derivative
19 91 (0.37%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 1,803 (7.30%) Linux
2 1,055 (4.27%) Unix
3 801 (3.24%) Android
4 741 (3.00%) Windows
5 660 (2.67%) Apple iOS
6 118 (0.48%) Mac OS X
7 74 (0.30%) Windows Server
8 73 (0.30%) VMS
9 68 (0.28%) CentOS
10 58 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 57 (0.23%) Ubuntu
12 43 (0.17%) Mac OS
13 38 (0.15%) Solaris
14 34 (0.14%) VME
15 24 (0.097%) Windows Server 2012
16 21 (0.085%) Windows 7
17 19 (0.077%) Windows 10
18 18 (0.073%) AIX
18 18 (0.073%) OpenVMS
19 17 (0.069%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,262 (41.52%) Agile Software Development
2 5,235 (21.18%) TDD
3 3,312 (13.40%) Microservices
4 2,915 (11.80%) MVC
5 2,838 (11.48%) Scrum
6 2,447 (9.90%) Front End Development
7 2,325 (9.41%) BDD
8 2,268 (9.18%) DevOps
9 2,243 (9.08%) Continuous Integration
10 2,172 (8.79%) Test Automation
11 1,818 (7.36%) OO
12 1,687 (6.83%) Web Development
13 1,622 (6.56%) Business Intelligence
14 1,498 (6.06%) Software Engineering
15 1,461 (5.91%) Unit Testing
16 1,364 (5.52%) Problem-Solving
17 1,137 (4.60%) ETL
18 1,089 (4.41%) E-Commerce
19 1,075 (4.35%) SDLC
20 1,017 (4.12%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 8,582 (34.73%) JavaScript
2 7,667 (31.02%) Java
3 5,818 (23.54%) SQL
4 5,715 (23.13%) C#
5 2,292 (9.27%) Python
6 1,905 (7.71%) Java 8
7 1,218 (4.93%) PHP
8 1,124 (4.55%) TypeScript
9 988 (4.00%) T-SQL
10 910 (3.68%) ES6
11 835 (3.38%) Scala
12 804 (3.25%) C++
13 595 (2.41%) PL/SQL
14 587 (2.38%) Ruby
15 433 (1.75%) C
16 384 (1.55%) PowerShell
17 339 (1.37%) VBA
18 338 (1.37%) Apple Swift
19 322 (1.30%) Shell Script
20 313 (1.27%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 1,225 (4.96%) Security Cleared
2 936 (3.79%) Degree
3 903 (3.65%) SC Cleared
4 267 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
5 244 (0.99%) Computer Science Degree
6 106 (0.43%) DV Cleared
7 82 (0.33%) DBS Check
8 61 (0.25%) Master's Degree
9 60 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
10 57 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
11 46 (0.19%) PhD
12 31 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
13 22 (0.089%) Sun Certification
14 21 (0.085%) BC Cleared
14 21 (0.085%) MCSE
15 19 (0.077%) ISTQB
16 18 (0.073%) AWS Certification
17 13 (0.053%) ITIL Certification
18 12 (0.049%) OCPJP
19 11 (0.045%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 688 (2.78%) QA
2 159 (0.64%) Data Quality
3 84 (0.34%) WCAG
4 68 (0.28%) GDPR
5 53 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
6 41 (0.17%) SLA
7 27 (0.11%) IFRS
7 27 (0.11%) PSD2
8 20 (0.081%) PMO
9 17 (0.069%) HL7
10 15 (0.061%) MiFID
11 12 (0.049%) IFRS 9
11 12 (0.049%) PCI DSS
12 11 (0.045%) MISRA
13 10 (0.040%) GxP
14 7 (0.028%) Basel III
14 7 (0.028%) ISO 9001
14 7 (0.028%) MISRA C
14 7 (0.028%) Solvency II
15 6 (0.024%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 2,283 (9.24%) Docker
2 142 (0.57%) Active Directory
3 119 (0.48%) HDFS
4 81 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
5 64 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 61 (0.25%) vSphere
7 49 (0.20%) OpenAM
8 46 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
9 31 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
10 26 (0.11%) Firmware
11 25 (0.10%) OpenDJ
12 18 (0.073%) Apache Flume
13 13 (0.053%) Time Sharing Option
14 12 (0.049%) VirtualBox
15 8 (0.032%) KVM
15 8 (0.032%) OpenIDM
15 8 (0.032%) Xen
16 6 (0.024%) Hyper-V
17 4 (0.016%) Microsoft App-V
17 4 (0.016%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 1,020 (4.13%) Kubernetes
2 571 (2.31%) Ansible
3 359 (1.45%) Terraform
4 356 (1.44%) Puppet
5 253 (1.02%) Opscode Chef
6 128 (0.52%) Kibana
7 97 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
8 87 (0.35%) Grafana
9 71 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
10 54 (0.22%) logstash
11 48 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
12 35 (0.14%) Prometheus
13 31 (0.13%) Rancher
14 29 (0.12%) Cobbler
15 26 (0.11%) CloudHub
16 24 (0.097%) Mesos
17 22 (0.089%) Control-M
18 20 (0.081%) Istio
18 20 (0.081%) SCCM
19 18 (0.073%) Oozie
Vendors
1 2,322 (9.40%) Microsoft
2 2,127 (8.61%) Oracle
3 680 (2.75%) Google
4 435 (1.76%) SAP
5 341 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
6 337 (1.36%) Tableau
7 296 (1.20%) Adobe
8 283 (1.15%) MuleSoft
9 262 (1.06%) IBM
10 240 (0.97%) ServiceNow
11 210 (0.85%) Splunk
12 179 (0.72%) Xamarin
13 177 (0.72%) Sitecore
14 170 (0.69%) Atlassian
15 137 (0.55%) Informatica
16 116 (0.47%) Talend
17 115 (0.47%) Sybase
18 106 (0.43%) VMware
19 102 (0.41%) hybris
20 101 (0.41%) WSO2