Period
to 20 July 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 22,684 28,099 25,202
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.34% 26.97% 26.45%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.75% 28.43% 27.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,530 20,714 18,248
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £433
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.05% +4.85%
10th Percentile £325 £319 £306
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 163 156 224
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50
10th Percentile £24.30 £14.75 £24.30
90th Percentile £61.31 £72.81 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +1.19%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 88,084 98,823 90,452
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.50% 94.85% 94.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,910 64,746 58,624
UK median daily rate £468 £450 £428
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.14% +0.71%
10th Percentile £263 £269 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,942 3,197 2,909
UK median hourly rate £19.92 £18.50 £18.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% - -2.63%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £52.24 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +5.71% - -7.89%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 20,892 £475 +2.70% 8,493
London -1 11,789 £525 +5.00% 3,059
UK excluding London 0 10,498 £425 +6.25% 5,934
South East 0 2,910 £450 +5.88% 1,377
North of England 0 2,591 £423 +8.33% 1,731
Midlands 0 1,432 £413 +3.13% 1,078
North West 0 1,318 £400 +3.90% 958
South West -1 1,235 £438 +9.38% 684
Yorkshire 0 1,079 £425 +6.25% 610
Scotland 0 1,004 £425 +6.25% 295
West Midlands 0 930 £425 +6.25% 610
East of England 0 841 £450 +5.88% 567
East Midlands 0 480 £386 -0.32% 464
Wales 0 339 £423 +4.32% 153
North East 0 193 £425 +13.33% 163
Northern Ireland 0 153 £400 -12.09% 51
Channel Islands +8 17 £413 - 2
Isle of Man - 2 - -

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 July 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 9,196 (40.54%) Agile Software Development
2 7,986 (35.21%) JavaScript
3 6,560 (28.92%) Java
4 5,353 (23.60%) HTML
5 5,316 (23.44%) SQL
6 5,155 (22.73%) C#
7 5,022 (22.14%) CSS
8 4,984 (21.97%) .NET
9 4,508 (19.87%) TDD
10 3,977 (17.53%) Finance
11 3,941 (17.37%) AngularJS
12 3,296 (14.53%) Git (software)
13 3,280 (14.46%) React
14 3,167 (13.96%) SQL Server
15 3,006 (13.25%) Microsoft Azure
16 3,005 (13.25%) Microservices
17 2,785 (12.28%) Node.js
18 2,690 (11.86%) Amazon AWS
19 2,674 (11.79%) Scrum
20 2,478 (10.92%) Python
21 2,453 (10.81%) Spring
21 2,453 (10.81%) Front End Development
22 2,327 (10.26%) DevOps
23 2,317 (10.21%) REST
24 2,295 (10.12%) MVC
25 2,280 (10.05%) Web Services
26 2,196 (9.68%) HTML5
27 2,167 (9.55%) Docker
28 1,989 (8.77%) Microsoft
29 1,940 (8.55%) BDD

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 607 (2.68%) CMS
2 575 (2.53%) Confluence
3 553 (2.44%) SharePoint
4 499 (2.20%) Elasticsearch
5 444 (1.96%) Apache Spark
6 435 (1.92%) Apache
7 240 (1.06%) WordPress
8 222 (0.98%) Drupal
9 207 (0.91%) Tomcat
10 188 (0.83%) WebSphere
11 178 (0.78%) Umbraco
12 171 (0.75%) JBoss
13 166 (0.73%) Mule
14 152 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 152 (0.67%) IIS
15 132 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 122 (0.54%) WebLogic
17 99 (0.44%) SAS
18 89 (0.39%) SharePoint 2013
19 72 (0.32%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 402 (1.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 140 (0.62%) Photoshop
3 115 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
4 53 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
5 38 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 37 (0.16%) Sketch
6 37 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 23 (0.10%) MS Visio
8 19 (0.084%) InVision
9 18 (0.079%) Adobe XD
9 18 (0.079%) Chatbot
9 18 (0.079%) InDesign
10 15 (0.066%) GIMP
11 13 (0.057%) Acrobat
11 13 (0.057%) Zeplin
12 12 (0.053%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 12 (0.053%) InfoPath
13 10 (0.044%) Adobe Captivate
14 6 (0.026%) Fireworks
15 5 (0.022%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 444 (1.96%) Dynamics CRM
2 141 (0.62%) Magento
3 77 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
4 43 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
5 39 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
6 34 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
6 34 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 32 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
8 29 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 29 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
9 28 (0.12%) BASE24
10 27 (0.12%) Endur
10 27 (0.12%) R3 Corda
11 23 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
11 23 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
11 23 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
12 22 (0.097%) BusinessWorks
12 22 (0.097%) Oracle Payables
13 20 (0.088%) ION MarketView
13 20 (0.088%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 3,006 (13.25%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,690 (11.86%) Amazon AWS
3 786 (3.46%) Power Platform
4 733 (3.23%) Serverless
5 549 (2.42%) GitHub
6 488 (2.15%) AWS Lambda
7 445 (1.96%) Google Cloud Platform
8 371 (1.64%) Dynamics 365
9 358 (1.58%) Amazon S3
10 351 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
11 305 (1.34%) npm
12 290 (1.28%) Amazon SQS
13 271 (1.19%) SaaS
14 269 (1.19%) OpenShift
15 264 (1.16%) PaaS
16 245 (1.08%) AWS CloudFormation
17 240 (1.06%) Office 365
18 146 (0.64%) Amazon ECS
19 133 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
20 124 (0.55%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 295 (1.30%) HTTP
2 140 (0.62%) Internet
3 104 (0.46%) TCP/IP
4 88 (0.39%) FTP
5 78 (0.34%) SSL
6 53 (0.23%) Intranet
7 49 (0.22%) Firewall
8 41 (0.18%) AMQP
9 38 (0.17%) Skype
10 36 (0.16%) DNS
11 30 (0.13%) Bluetooth
12 27 (0.12%) Kerberos
13 24 (0.11%) Ethernet
14 22 (0.097%) SNMP
15 20 (0.088%) NFC
16 19 (0.084%) SSH
17 17 (0.075%) Wireless
18 15 (0.066%) Wi-Fi
19 14 (0.062%) VoIP
20 13 (0.057%) 3GPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,167 (13.96%) SQL Server
2 1,104 (4.87%) MySQL
3 1,074 (4.73%) NoSQL
4 1,050 (4.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 924 (4.07%) Data Warehouse
6 907 (4.00%) Relational Database
7 859 (3.79%) PostgreSQL
8 842 (3.71%) MongoDB
9 730 (3.22%) Power BI
10 716 (3.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 693 (3.06%) Big Data
12 425 (1.87%) Hadoop
13 424 (1.87%) Oracle Database
14 417 (1.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 302 (1.33%) Redis
16 275 (1.21%) RDBMS
17 268 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
18 257 (1.13%) Apache Cassandra
19 241 (1.06%) SQL Server 2012
20 211 (0.93%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3,296 (14.53%) Git (software)
2 1,782 (7.86%) Jenkins
3 1,261 (5.56%) JIRA
4 899 (3.96%) Maven
5 715 (3.15%) JUnit
6 705 (3.11%) Visual Studio
7 517 (2.28%) Selenium
8 492 (2.17%) webpack
9 472 (2.08%) Team Foundation Server
10 467 (2.06%) Cucumber
11 464 (2.05%) Subversion
12 414 (1.83%) gulp
13 408 (1.80%) TeamCity
14 406 (1.79%) Bitbucket
15 402 (1.77%) Mockito
16 367 (1.62%) Jasmine
17 318 (1.40%) Grunt
18 298 (1.31%) Visual Studio Team System
19 253 (1.12%) Karma Test Runner
20 230 (1.01%) Eclipse
General
1 3,977 (17.53%) Finance
2 1,927 (8.49%) Banking
3 971 (4.28%) Front Office
4 646 (2.85%) Retail
5 577 (2.54%) Investment Banking
6 556 (2.45%) Marketing
7 319 (1.41%) Telecoms
8 259 (1.14%) Law
9 243 (1.07%) Games
10 231 (1.02%) Financial Institution
11 214 (0.94%) Manufacturing
12 168 (0.74%) Legal
13 156 (0.69%) Back Office
14 154 (0.68%) Electronics
15 146 (0.64%) Publishing
16 123 (0.54%) Advertising
17 99 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
18 66 (0.29%) Automotive
19 63 (0.28%) Retail Banking
20 46 (0.20%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,353 (23.60%) HTML
2 5,022 (22.14%) CSS
3 4,984 (21.97%) .NET
4 3,941 (17.37%) AngularJS
5 3,280 (14.46%) React
6 2,785 (12.28%) Node.js
7 2,453 (10.81%) Spring
8 2,317 (10.21%) REST
9 2,280 (10.05%) Web Services
10 2,196 (9.68%) HTML5
11 1,893 (8.35%) RESTful
12 1,751 (7.72%) ASP.NET
13 1,497 (6.60%) jQuery
14 1,366 (6.02%) CSS3
15 1,293 (5.70%) JSON
16 1,282 (5.65%) XML
17 1,189 (5.24%) Spring Boot
18 1,165 (5.14%) .NET Framework
19 1,128 (4.97%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,105 (4.87%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 1,590 (7.01%) Greenfield Project
2 1,257 (5.54%) User Experience
3 842 (3.71%) Analytical Skills
4 739 (3.26%) Mobile App
5 388 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
6 350 (1.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 335 (1.48%) Algorithms
8 330 (1.45%) Derivative
9 329 (1.45%) Data Structures
10 326 (1.44%) Hedge funds
11 299 (1.32%) Fixed Income
11 299 (1.32%) Self-Motivation
12 257 (1.13%) Data Protection Act
13 227 (1.00%) Equities
14 200 (0.88%) Virtual Team
15 195 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
16 117 (0.52%) NHS
17 111 (0.49%) Equity Derivative
18 106 (0.47%) Cloud Native
19 95 (0.42%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,616 (7.12%) Linux
2 872 (3.84%) Unix
3 678 (2.99%) Android
4 649 (2.86%) Windows
5 552 (2.43%) Apple iOS
6 151 (0.67%) Mac OS X
7 77 (0.34%) CentOS
8 53 (0.23%) VMS
9 52 (0.23%) Windows Server
10 38 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 38 (0.17%) Ubuntu
11 36 (0.16%) Mac OS
12 34 (0.15%) OpenVMS
13 32 (0.14%) Solaris
14 25 (0.11%) HPUX
14 25 (0.11%) tvOS
15 24 (0.11%) AIX
16 22 (0.097%) Windows 10
17 15 (0.066%) Windows Server 2012
18 13 (0.057%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,196 (40.54%) Agile Software Development
2 4,508 (19.87%) TDD
3 3,005 (13.25%) Microservices
4 2,674 (11.79%) Scrum
5 2,453 (10.81%) Front End Development
6 2,327 (10.26%) DevOps
7 2,295 (10.12%) MVC
8 1,940 (8.55%) BDD
9 1,820 (8.02%) Continuous Integration
10 1,816 (8.01%) Test Automation
11 1,505 (6.63%) Business Intelligence
12 1,487 (6.56%) Software Engineering
13 1,468 (6.47%) Web Development
14 1,401 (6.18%) OO
15 1,370 (6.04%) Unit Testing
16 1,213 (5.35%) Problem-Solving
17 997 (4.40%) ETL
18 996 (4.39%) SDLC
19 980 (4.32%) E-Commerce
20 951 (4.19%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 7,986 (35.21%) JavaScript
2 6,560 (28.92%) Java
3 5,316 (23.44%) SQL
4 5,155 (22.73%) C#
5 2,478 (10.92%) Python
6 1,573 (6.93%) Java 8
7 1,370 (6.04%) TypeScript
8 1,144 (5.04%) PHP
9 913 (4.02%) ES6
10 808 (3.56%) T-SQL
11 752 (3.32%) C++
12 669 (2.95%) Scala
13 572 (2.52%) Ruby
14 562 (2.48%) PL/SQL
15 392 (1.73%) C
16 368 (1.62%) PowerShell
17 338 (1.49%) Shell Script
18 326 (1.44%) VB.NET
19 318 (1.40%) Kotlin
20 296 (1.30%) VBA
Qualifications
1 1,213 (5.35%) Security Cleared
2 920 (4.06%) SC Cleared
3 769 (3.39%) Degree
4 213 (0.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 162 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
6 112 (0.49%) DV Cleared
7 78 (0.34%) AWS Certification
8 67 (0.30%) DBS Check
9 50 (0.22%) Master's Degree
10 33 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
11 29 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
12 28 (0.12%) PhD
13 27 (0.12%) Sun Certification
14 23 (0.10%) Numerate Degree
15 22 (0.097%) BC Cleared
16 19 (0.084%) ISTQB
16 19 (0.084%) OCPJP
17 15 (0.066%) ITIL Certification
17 15 (0.066%) MCSE
18 12 (0.053%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 578 (2.55%) QA
2 164 (0.72%) Data Quality
3 70 (0.31%) WCAG
4 50 (0.22%) GDPR
5 41 (0.18%) SLA
6 34 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
7 25 (0.11%) MiFID
8 20 (0.088%) PSD2
9 16 (0.071%) MISRA
10 15 (0.066%) PMO
11 14 (0.062%) IFRS
11 14 (0.062%) PCI DSS
12 13 (0.057%) EMIR
13 12 (0.053%) GxP
14 10 (0.044%) COREP
14 10 (0.044%) FINREP
14 10 (0.044%) HL7
15 9 (0.040%) MISRA C
16 8 (0.035%) Dodd-Frank
16 8 (0.035%) WAI
System Software
1 2,167 (9.55%) Docker
2 183 (0.81%) Active Directory
3 110 (0.48%) HDFS
4 55 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
5 47 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
6 39 (0.17%) vSphere
7 28 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
8 24 (0.11%) OpenAM
9 23 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 19 (0.084%) Postfix
11 10 (0.044%) Apache Flume
11 10 (0.044%) Firmware
12 9 (0.040%) VirtualBox
13 8 (0.035%) Microsoft App-V
14 5 (0.022%) OpenDJ
15 4 (0.018%) OpenIDM
15 4 (0.018%) Slurm Workload Manager
15 4 (0.018%) Varnish
15 4 (0.018%) VMware ESXi
16 3 (0.013%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 1,186 (5.23%) Kubernetes
2 481 (2.12%) Terraform
3 470 (2.07%) Ansible
4 184 (0.81%) Puppet
5 115 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
6 79 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
7 64 (0.28%) Kibana
8 60 (0.26%) Grafana
9 47 (0.21%) SCCM
10 45 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
11 41 (0.18%) Control-M
12 33 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
13 27 (0.12%) logstash
14 26 (0.11%) Mesos
15 23 (0.10%) Marathon
16 21 (0.093%) Microsoft Intune
17 18 (0.079%) Tivoli
18 17 (0.075%) SCOM
19 16 (0.071%) Oozie
19 16 (0.071%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,989 (8.77%) Microsoft
2 1,703 (7.51%) Oracle
3 557 (2.46%) Google
4 474 (2.09%) Salesforce.com
5 460 (2.03%) SAP
6 311 (1.37%) Tableau
7 279 (1.23%) Adobe
8 262 (1.15%) MuleSoft
9 235 (1.04%) IBM
10 230 (1.01%) ServiceNow
11 183 (0.81%) Xamarin
12 165 (0.73%) Atlassian
13 160 (0.71%) Sitecore
14 150 (0.66%) Splunk
15 136 (0.60%) Informatica
16 114 (0.50%) WSO2
17 103 (0.45%) hybris
17 103 (0.45%) Red Hat
18 100 (0.44%) Talend
19 89 (0.39%) TIBCO