Period
to 15 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LINQ skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LINQ over the 6 months to 15 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Language Integrated Query (LINQ)
UK
6 months to
15 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 635 505 429
Rank change year-on-year -130 -76 -41
Permanent jobs citing LINQ 490 926 1,289
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.36% 0.56% 0.74%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.95% 1.41% 1.84%
Number of salaries quoted 428 809 1,182
UK median annual salary £47,125 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.72% - -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £63,750 £65,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% -

LINQ is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,406 65,794 69,874
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.38% 39.97% 40.20%
Number of salaries quoted 42,193 54,459 57,815
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.91% +1.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

LINQ
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LINQ as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LINQ.

Salary trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LINQ over the 6 months to 15 October 2019.

Salary histogram for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ within the UK over the 6 months to 15 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -110 474 £47,125 +4.72% 92
UK excluding London -133 340 £42,500 -5.56% 86
London +23 147 £65,000 +13.04% 16
South East +3 144 £40,000 -5.88% 21
North of England -16 103 £40,000 -5.88% 20
North West +23 75 £42,500 +3.03% 14
Midlands -50 50 £45,000 +5.88% 20
West Midlands -42 29 £47,500 +5.56% 12
Yorkshire -10 28 £40,000 -11.11% 6
East Midlands +9 21 £45,000 +28.57% 8
East of England -11 18 £52,500 +16.67% 7
South West -52 13 £34,500 -18.82% 8
Wales - 6 £40,000 - 8
Scotland -9 4 £37,500 -26.83% 1
Northern Ireland -8 3 £57,500 +17.95% 1

For the 6 months to 15 October 2019, IT jobs citing LINQ also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LINQ.

1 474 (96.73%) C#
2 437 (89.18%) .NET
3 319 (65.10%) JavaScript
4 291 (59.39%) ASP.NET
5 277 (56.53%) SQL
6 263 (53.67%) .NET Framework
7 254 (51.84%) SQL Server
8 251 (51.22%) MVC
9 236 (48.16%) HTML
9 236 (48.16%) CSS
10 232 (47.35%) Agile Software Development
11 220 (44.90%) Entity Framework
12 182 (37.14%) WCF
13 172 (35.10%) Azure
14 162 (33.06%) ASP.NET Web API
15 153 (31.22%) jQuery
16 149 (30.41%) Web Services
17 145 (29.59%) TDD
17 145 (29.59%) AngularJS
18 143 (29.18%) T-SQL
19 137 (27.96%) Visual Studio
20 132 (26.94%) Microsoft
21 120 (24.49%) ASP.NET MVC
22 115 (23.47%) Scrum
23 111 (22.65%) REST
24 101 (20.61%) XML
25 98 (20.00%) HTML5
26 96 (19.59%) WPF
27 94 (19.18%) Unit Testing
28 88 (17.96%) Git (software)

LINQ
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (4.69%) IIS
2 15 (3.06%) BizTalk Server
3 13 (2.65%) Umbraco
4 8 (1.63%) SharePoint
5 4 (0.82%) CMS
5 4 (0.82%) NServiceBus
6 3 (0.61%) Ethereum
6 3 (0.61%) Hyperledger
6 3 (0.61%) WordPress
7 2 (0.41%) EPiServer
Applications
1 6 (1.22%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (1.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.61%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.61%) Dynamics NAV
2 3 (0.61%) nopCommerce
2 3 (0.61%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 172 (35.10%) Azure
2 60 (12.24%) AWS
3 28 (5.71%) GitHub
4 19 (3.88%) GCP
5 13 (2.65%) SaaS
6 8 (1.63%) AWS IoT
7 6 (1.22%) Trello
8 5 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
9 4 (0.82%) Cloud Computing
9 4 (0.82%) Dynamics 365
10 2 (0.41%) Power Platform
11 1 (0.20%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.20%) Azure Active Directory
11 1 (0.20%) Azure Functions
11 1 (0.20%) Office 365
11 1 (0.20%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 5 (1.02%) HTTP
1 5 (1.02%) Internet
2 2 (0.41%) DNS
2 2 (0.41%) IMAP
2 2 (0.41%) SMTP
2 2 (0.41%) TCP/IP
2 2 (0.41%) Wireless
3 1 (0.20%) Cisco ASA
3 1 (0.20%) Extranet
3 1 (0.20%) Intranet
3 1 (0.20%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 254 (51.84%) SQL Server
2 35 (7.14%) Relational Database
3 25 (5.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 22 (4.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 20 (4.08%) SQL Server 2008
6 15 (3.06%) MySQL
7 12 (2.45%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 11 (2.24%) Data Warehouse
9 10 (2.04%) NoSQL
9 10 (2.04%) SQL Server 2016
10 8 (1.63%) SQLite
11 7 (1.43%) Crystal Reports
12 5 (1.02%) Oracle Database
13 4 (0.82%) Big Data
13 4 (0.82%) Oracle Database 11g
13 4 (0.82%) Redis
14 3 (0.61%) Azure SQL Database
14 3 (0.61%) Blockchain
14 3 (0.61%) Couchbase
15 2 (0.41%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 137 (27.96%) Visual Studio
2 88 (17.96%) Git (software)
3 78 (15.92%) NUnit
4 52 (10.61%) Team Foundation Server
5 45 (9.18%) StyleCop
6 29 (5.92%) JIRA
7 25 (5.10%) Subversion
8 20 (4.08%) Plastic SCM
9 16 (3.27%) TeamCity
10 13 (2.65%) Octopus Deploy
11 12 (2.45%) Jenkins
11 12 (2.45%) SpecFlow
12 9 (1.84%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 8 (1.63%) LINQPad
14 7 (1.43%) InstallShield
14 7 (1.43%) Moq
14 7 (1.43%) Visual Studio Code
15 6 (1.22%) ReSharper
15 6 (1.22%) Selenium
16 5 (1.02%) NetBeans
General
1 71 (14.49%) Finance
2 24 (4.90%) Banking
3 21 (4.29%) Marketing
4 19 (3.88%) Advertising
5 17 (3.47%) Telecoms
6 13 (2.65%) Retail
7 10 (2.04%) Public Sector
8 9 (1.84%) Electronics
8 9 (1.84%) Manufacturing
9 5 (1.02%) Front Office
10 4 (0.82%) Back Office
10 4 (0.82%) Legal
11 3 (0.61%) Games
11 3 (0.61%) Investment Banking
11 3 (0.61%) Law
Job Titles
1 420 (85.71%) Developer
2 234 (47.76%) .NET Developer
3 224 (45.71%) C# Developer
4 133 (27.14%) C# .NET Developer
5 102 (20.82%) Software Developer
6 54 (11.02%) ASP.NET Developer
7 49 (10.00%) C# ASP.NET Developer
7 49 (10.00%) Senior Developer
8 42 (8.57%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
9 37 (7.55%) Senior .NET Developer
10 36 (7.35%) .NET Software Developer
11 35 (7.14%) SQL Developer
12 30 (6.12%) C# Software Developer
13 22 (4.49%) Junior
14 19 (3.88%) Junior Developer
15 16 (3.27%) Analyst
16 15 (3.06%) Junior C# Developer
16 15 (3.06%) Senior C# Developer
17 13 (2.65%) Programmer
17 13 (2.65%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 437 (89.18%) .NET
2 291 (59.39%) ASP.NET
3 263 (53.67%) .NET Framework
4 236 (48.16%) CSS
4 236 (48.16%) HTML
5 220 (44.90%) Entity Framework
6 182 (37.14%) WCF
7 162 (33.06%) ASP.NET Web API
8 153 (31.22%) jQuery
9 149 (30.41%) Web Services
10 145 (29.59%) AngularJS
11 120 (24.49%) ASP.NET MVC
12 111 (22.65%) REST
13 101 (20.61%) XML
14 98 (20.00%) HTML5
15 96 (19.59%) WPF
16 88 (17.96%) .NET Core
17 80 (16.33%) SOAP
18 43 (8.78%) Ajax
19 42 (8.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 49 (10.00%) Greenfield Project
2 29 (5.92%) User Experience
3 23 (4.69%) Hedge funds
4 13 (2.65%) Self-Motivation
5 12 (2.45%) Analytical Skills
5 12 (2.45%) Mobile App
6 9 (1.84%) Client/Server
7 7 (1.43%) Reinsurance
8 6 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 5 (1.02%) Robotics
10 4 (0.82%) CCTV
11 3 (0.61%) Bitcoin
11 3 (0.61%) Blog
12 2 (0.41%) EPoS
12 2 (0.41%) Internet of Things
12 2 (0.41%) Public Cloud
12 2 (0.41%) SWIFT
12 2 (0.41%) W3C
13 1 (0.20%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 77 (15.71%) Windows
2 22 (4.49%) Android
3 18 (3.67%) Linux
4 11 (2.24%) Apple iOS
5 6 (1.22%) Windows Mobile
6 5 (1.02%) Mac OS
6 5 (1.02%) Unix
7 2 (0.41%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 251 (51.22%) MVC
2 232 (47.35%) Agile Software Development
3 145 (29.59%) TDD
4 115 (23.47%) Scrum
5 94 (19.18%) Unit Testing
6 87 (17.76%) OO
7 78 (15.92%) DevOps
8 67 (13.67%) Computer Science
9 64 (13.06%) SOLID
10 61 (12.45%) Software Engineering
11 57 (11.63%) Problem-Solving
12 42 (8.57%) Web Development
13 39 (7.96%) Continuous Integration
14 34 (6.94%) OOP
15 33 (6.73%) Multithreading
16 32 (6.53%) SDLC
17 24 (4.90%) Front End Development
17 24 (4.90%) Test Automation
18 21 (4.29%) Microservices
18 21 (4.29%) OOD
Programming Languages
1 474 (96.73%) C#
2 319 (65.10%) JavaScript
3 277 (56.53%) SQL
4 143 (29.18%) T-SQL
5 40 (8.16%) TypeScript
6 28 (5.71%) VB.NET
7 24 (4.90%) VB
8 18 (3.67%) Python
9 16 (3.27%) Java
10 8 (1.63%) C++
11 7 (1.43%) C
12 6 (1.22%) PHP
13 3 (0.61%) ES6
13 3 (0.61%) R
13 3 (0.61%) VBA
14 2 (0.41%) ANSI SQL
14 2 (0.41%) PL/SQL
14 2 (0.41%) XAML
14 2 (0.41%) XPath
15 1 (0.20%) VB6
Qualifications
1 64 (13.06%) Degree
2 35 (7.14%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (2.04%) Microsoft Certification
4 5 (1.02%) Numerate Degree
5 3 (0.61%) Six Sigma Black Belt
6 1 (0.20%) MCP
6 1 (0.20%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (5.71%) QA
2 6 (1.22%) SLA
System Software
1 11 (2.24%) Docker
2 1 (0.20%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 8 (1.63%) Kubernetes
2 6 (1.22%) SQL Sentry
3 1 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 132 (26.94%) Microsoft
2 36 (7.35%) Oracle
3 21 (4.29%) Xamarin
4 19 (3.88%) Google
5 12 (2.45%) SAP
6 5 (1.02%) Blue Prism
6 5 (1.02%) UiPath
7 4 (0.82%) RedGate
8 2 (0.41%) Bloomberg
8 2 (0.41%) DevExpress
8 2 (0.41%) IBM
9 1 (0.20%) Cisco
9 1 (0.20%) NEC
9 1 (0.20%) Tableau