Period
to 7 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for LINQ skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LINQ over the 6 months to 7 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Language Integrated Query (LINQ)
UK
6 months to
7 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 532 627 492
Rank change year-on-year +95 -135 -94
Permanent jobs citing LINQ 255 533 1,019
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.39% 0.37% 0.60%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.96% 0.99% 1.48%
Number of salaries quoted 257 468 1,014
Median annual salary £50,000 £46,750 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.95% +3.89% -5.26%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £60,200 £75,000 £65,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

LINQ is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 26,656 53,883 68,925
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.98% 37.69% 40.25%
Number of salaries quoted 22,055 44,438 57,264
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £86,250 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

LINQ
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LINQ as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing LINQ.

Salary trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing LINQ over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Salary histogram for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ within the UK over the 6 months to 7 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +126 247 £50,000 +6.38% 78
UK excluding London +111 201 £47,500 +5.56% 64
North of England +116 63 £50,000 +14.68% 19
South East +80 62 £47,500 +5.56% 21
Midlands +126 51 £40,750 -9.44% 15
London +117 46 £60,000 -9.77% 16
North West +90 46 £55,000 +22.22% 13
East Midlands +101 38 £40,000 - 8
Work from Home +94 33 £52,500 +5.00% 15
Yorkshire +105 17 £50,000 +16.14% 5
West Midlands +84 13 £42,000 -6.67% 7
East of England +100 11 £40,000 -33.33% 7
South West +93 9 £50,000 +51.52%
Wales +33 2 £35,000 -12.50% 1
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -
Scotland +95 1 £40,000 +6.67%

For the 6 months to 7 August 2020, IT jobs citing LINQ also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for LINQ.

1 254 (99.61%) C#
2 245 (96.08%) .NET
3 166 (65.10%) JavaScript
4 156 (61.18%) ASP.NET
5 151 (59.22%) MVC
6 128 (50.20%) .NET Framework
7 126 (49.41%) SQL
8 122 (47.84%) HTML
9 112 (43.92%) Agile Software Development
10 108 (42.35%) Azure
11 107 (41.96%) CSS
12 105 (41.18%) SQL Server
13 104 (40.78%) Entity Framework
14 102 (40.00%) AngularJS
15 99 (38.82%) .NET Core
16 94 (36.86%) ASP.NET MVC
17 93 (36.47%) jQuery
18 82 (32.16%) WCF
19 68 (26.67%) Microsoft
20 67 (26.27%) NUnit
21 64 (25.10%) Web Services
22 63 (24.71%) ASP.NET Web API
23 62 (24.31%) TDD
24 61 (23.92%) Visual Studio
25 56 (21.96%) Software Engineering
26 52 (20.39%) Finance
27 49 (19.22%) OO
28 47 (18.43%) T-SQL
29 43 (16.86%) WPF
29 43 (16.86%) RESTful

LINQ
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (6.27%) IIS
2 6 (2.35%) NServiceBus
3 5 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
4 4 (1.57%) CMS
5 3 (1.18%) DNN
5 3 (1.18%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 2 (0.78%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.96%) NetSuite
2 3 (1.18%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 108 (42.35%) Azure
2 11 (4.31%) AWS
3 9 (3.53%) SaaS
4 8 (3.14%) Dynamics 365
5 6 (2.35%) npm
6 4 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
6 4 (1.57%) GitHub
6 4 (1.57%) Serverless
7 2 (0.78%) Google Play
7 2 (0.78%) NuGet
8 1 (0.39%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.35%) HTTP
2 4 (1.57%) Internet
3 1 (0.39%) Cisco ASA
3 1 (0.39%) IPFS
3 1 (0.39%) Network Security
3 1 (0.39%) Skype
3 1 (0.39%) WEP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (41.18%) SQL Server
2 15 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
3 14 (5.49%) Azure SQL Database
4 9 (3.53%) NoSQL
4 9 (3.53%) SQL Server 2012
4 9 (3.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 8 (3.14%) Data Mining
5 8 (3.14%) SQL Server 2019
6 7 (2.75%) SQL Server 2008
6 7 (2.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 6 (2.35%) Crystal Reports
8 5 (1.96%) MongoDB
8 5 (1.96%) Relational Database
9 3 (1.18%) SQL Server 2000
10 1 (0.39%) Blockchain
10 1 (0.39%) Redis
10 1 (0.39%) SQL Server 2005
10 1 (0.39%) SQL Server 2014
10 1 (0.39%) SQL Server 2016
10 1 (0.39%) SQL Server 7
Development Applications
1 67 (26.27%) NUnit
2 61 (23.92%) Visual Studio
3 42 (16.47%) Git (software)
4 24 (9.41%) StyleCop
5 18 (7.06%) SpecFlow
6 12 (4.71%) TeamCity
7 10 (3.92%) Mercurial
7 10 (3.92%) Moq
7 10 (3.92%) Team Foundation Server
7 10 (3.92%) Visual Studio Code
8 9 (3.53%) Karma Test Runner
8 9 (3.53%) Octopus Deploy
9 8 (3.14%) JIRA
10 7 (2.75%) JUnit
10 7 (2.75%) MSTest
11 6 (2.35%) Visual Studio Team System
12 5 (1.96%) Jasmine
12 5 (1.96%) Selenium
13 4 (1.57%) Grunt
13 4 (1.57%) gulp
General
1 52 (20.39%) Finance
2 26 (10.20%) Marketing
3 21 (8.24%) Manufacturing
4 18 (7.06%) Electronics
4 18 (7.06%) Public Sector
4 18 (7.06%) Telecoms
5 4 (1.57%) Local Government
5 4 (1.57%) Retail
6 3 (1.18%) Banking
6 3 (1.18%) Games
7 2 (0.78%) Police
7 2 (0.78%) Publishing
8 1 (0.39%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.39%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 218 (85.49%) Developer
2 126 (49.41%) .NET Developer
3 113 (44.31%) C# Developer
4 66 (25.88%) C# .NET Developer
5 60 (23.53%) Software Developer
6 49 (19.22%) Senior Developer
7 43 (16.86%) Senior .NET Developer
8 35 (13.73%) Software Engineer
9 34 (13.33%) ASP.NET Developer
10 32 (12.55%) C# ASP.NET Developer
11 26 (10.20%) .NET Software Developer
12 22 (8.63%) C# Software Developer
13 21 (8.24%) Senior Software Developer
14 20 (7.84%) .NET Software Engineer
15 19 (7.45%) Senior .NET Software Developer
16 18 (7.06%) Applications Developer
16 18 (7.06%) Senior C# Developer
17 16 (6.27%) Senior C# .NET Developer
18 15 (5.88%) Full Stack Developer
18 15 (5.88%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 245 (96.08%) .NET
2 156 (61.18%) ASP.NET
3 128 (50.20%) .NET Framework
4 122 (47.84%) HTML
5 107 (41.96%) CSS
6 104 (40.78%) Entity Framework
7 102 (40.00%) AngularJS
8 99 (38.82%) .NET Core
9 94 (36.86%) ASP.NET MVC
10 93 (36.47%) jQuery
11 82 (32.16%) WCF
12 64 (25.10%) Web Services
13 63 (24.71%) ASP.NET Web API
14 43 (16.86%) RESTful
14 43 (16.86%) WPF
15 37 (14.51%) XML
16 31 (12.16%) HTML5
17 30 (11.76%) React
17 30 (11.76%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 27 (10.59%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 15 (5.88%) Greenfield Project
2 12 (4.71%) Self-Motivation
3 11 (4.31%) Enterprise Software
4 10 (3.92%) Cloud Native
4 10 (3.92%) Virtual Team
5 7 (2.75%) Analytical Skills
5 7 (2.75%) Mobile App
6 6 (2.35%) Algorithms
7 5 (1.96%) Embedded Systems
7 5 (1.96%) iPhone
7 5 (1.96%) Renewable Energy
8 4 (1.57%) User Experience
9 3 (1.18%) Social Media
10 2 (0.78%) Hedge funds
10 2 (0.78%) N-Tier
11 1 (0.39%) e-Learning
11 1 (0.39%) Fixed Income
11 1 (0.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 1 (0.39%) Life Science
11 1 (0.39%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 23 (9.02%) Windows
2 7 (2.75%) Android
3 2 (0.78%) Apple iOS
3 2 (0.78%) Linux
3 2 (0.78%) Windows Server
4 1 (0.39%) AIX
4 1 (0.39%) Mac OS
4 1 (0.39%) Solaris
4 1 (0.39%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 151 (59.22%) MVC
2 112 (43.92%) Agile Software Development
3 62 (24.31%) TDD
4 56 (21.96%) Software Engineering
5 49 (19.22%) OO
6 43 (16.86%) DevOps
7 39 (15.29%) Scrum
7 39 (15.29%) Unit Testing
8 37 (14.51%) Continuous Integration
9 33 (12.94%) MVVM
10 31 (12.16%) SOA
11 30 (11.76%) Test Automation
12 29 (11.37%) Microservices
13 25 (9.80%) BDD
13 25 (9.80%) Business Intelligence
14 24 (9.41%) SOLID
14 24 (9.41%) Web Development
15 20 (7.84%) OOP
16 19 (7.45%) Multithreading
17 18 (7.06%) Digital Marketing
Programming Languages
1 254 (99.61%) C#
2 166 (65.10%) JavaScript
3 126 (49.41%) SQL
4 47 (18.43%) T-SQL
5 33 (12.94%) TypeScript
6 22 (8.63%) C++
7 21 (8.24%) VB.NET
8 12 (4.71%) Java
9 11 (4.31%) Python
9 11 (4.31%) VB
10 9 (3.53%) Fortran
10 9 (3.53%) Perl
11 7 (2.75%) PL/SQL
12 5 (1.96%) PowerShell
12 5 (1.96%) VB6
13 4 (1.57%) XAML
14 1 (0.39%) Apple Swift
14 1 (0.39%) Bash Shell
14 1 (0.39%) Objective-C
14 1 (0.39%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 27 (10.59%) Degree
2 11 (4.31%) SC Cleared
2 11 (4.31%) Security Cleared
3 8 (3.14%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (1.18%) Six Sigma Black Belt
5 1 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.39%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (5.10%) QA
2 1 (0.39%) SLA
System Software
1 3 (1.18%) Docker
2 2 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.39%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 1 (0.39%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 68 (26.67%) Microsoft
2 18 (7.06%) SAP
3 17 (6.67%) Xamarin
4 6 (2.35%) DevExpress
5 5 (1.96%) JD Edwards
6 4 (1.57%) Google
7 3 (1.18%) Oracle
8 2 (0.78%) Apple
8 2 (0.78%) Sybase
8 2 (0.78%) TIBCO
9 1 (0.39%) Cisco
9 1 (0.39%) HP
9 1 (0.39%) Solace
9 1 (0.39%) Sun
9 1 (0.39%) Telerik