Period
to 1 August 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Sector in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Sector over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Sector
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 19 18 41
Rank change year-on-year -1 +23 +6
Contract jobs citing Public Sector 5,410 2,978 4,913
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 7.53% 8.20% 5.37%
As % of the General category 14.20% 15.64% 10.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,087 2,178 3,419
10th Percentile £263 £238 £256
25th Percentile £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £484 £475 £468
Median % change year-on-year +1.89% +1.60% +3.89%
75th Percentile £563 £565 £568
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £460 £450
% change year-on-year -2.17% +2.22% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 178 114 251
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.44 £10.65
25th Percentile £14.25 £15.00 £13.09
Median hourly rate £18.00 £20.00 £17.21
Median % change year-on-year -10.00% +16.21% +14.73%
75th Percentile £25.00 £25.00 £22.51
90th Percentile £32.50 £35.36 £28.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £19.40 £16.25
% change year-on-year -9.79% +19.38% +10.17%

Public Sector is in the General Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for common skills.

All General Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for common skills 38,109 19,043 47,862
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.03% 52.42% 52.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,498 12,607 31,066
10th Percentile £306 £263 £275
25th Percentile £405 £384 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £595 £575
90th Percentile £700 £700 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +0.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,293 722 1,475
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.42 £10.87
25th Percentile £13.25 £15.00 £14.00
Median hourly rate £19.36 £20.56 £19.36
Median % change year-on-year -5.85% +6.21% +7.56%
75th Percentile £40.00 £40.75 £38.75
90th Percentile £56.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £20.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% +11.11% +3.93%

Public Sector
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Public Sector as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Public Sector in the UK

Public Sector
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Sector.

Daily rate trend for Public Sector in the UK

Public Sector
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Sector over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Public Sector in the UK

Public Sector
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Sector.

Hourly rate trend for Public Sector in the UK

Public Sector
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Sector over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Sector in the UK

Public Sector
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Sector within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 3,663 £495 +2.06% 720
UK excluding London +1 3,005 £450 -2.17% 575
Work from Home +4 1,680 £500 - 133
London -10 1,446 £523 +0.48% 219
Scotland 0 925 £425 -4.49% 61
North of England +6 763 £498 +0.54% 184
Midlands +4 508 £425 +0.29% 79
West Midlands +5 440 £450 +5.88% 56
North West +8 401 £497 +4.57% 79
South West -6 298 £490 -2.00% 80
South East -26 288 £490 +8.77% 103
Yorkshire +4 260 £497 -4.38% 73
Wales +5 135 £438 -7.89% 15
North East +1 102 £500 +0.96% 32
East of England -25 91 £430 -3.37% 47
East Midlands +2 67 £300 -11.76% 23
Northern Ireland -1 9 £325 -3.70% 6
Isle of Man - 1 £750 -

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Public Sector also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Public Sector.

1 1,814 (33.53%) Agile Software Development
2 1,089 (20.13%) Social Skills
3 1,063 (19.65%) Security Cleared
4 917 (16.95%) Finance
5 885 (16.36%) SC Cleared
6 774 (14.31%) Azure
7 685 (12.66%) AWS
8 677 (12.51%) Business Intelligence
9 616 (11.39%) DevOps
10 564 (10.43%) Programme Management
10 564 (10.43%) Microsoft
11 531 (9.82%) Stakeholder Management
12 525 (9.70%) SQL
13 519 (9.59%) SAP
14 517 (9.56%) Project Management
15 487 (9.00%) Java
16 473 (8.74%) Telecoms
17 471 (8.71%) Marketing
18 446 (8.24%) User Research
19 442 (8.17%) Manufacturing
19 442 (8.17%) Scrum
20 426 (7.87%) Digital Marketing
21 422 (7.80%) Analytical Skills
21 422 (7.80%) Electronics
22 413 (7.63%) Migration
23 389 (7.19%) Python
24 382 (7.06%) Problem-Solving
25 369 (6.82%) JIRA
26 361 (6.67%) Oracle
27 356 (6.58%) Windows

Public Sector
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 242 (4.47%) Confluence
2 169 (3.12%) SharePoint
3 56 (1.04%) WebLogic
4 52 (0.96%) SAS
5 51 (0.94%) Apache
6 48 (0.89%) CMS
7 44 (0.81%) MS Exchange
8 36 (0.67%) Skype for Business
9 33 (0.61%) Elasticsearch
10 32 (0.59%) Apache Spark
11 29 (0.54%) Tomcat
12 21 (0.39%) IIS
13 17 (0.31%) nginx
14 16 (0.30%) Exchange Server 2013
14 16 (0.30%) Umbraco
15 15 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2010
16 14 (0.26%) WebSphere
17 12 (0.22%) Drupal
17 12 (0.22%) JBoss
18 10 (0.18%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 196 (3.62%) Microsoft Office
2 140 (2.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 84 (1.55%) Microsoft Project
4 56 (1.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 43 (0.79%) MS Visio
6 27 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
7 19 (0.35%) SPSS
8 9 (0.17%) Photoshop
8 9 (0.17%) Sketch
9 8 (0.15%) Stata
10 7 (0.13%) Figma
11 6 (0.11%) InVision
12 4 (0.074%) InDesign
13 3 (0.055%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 3 (0.055%) Adobe Illustrator
13 3 (0.055%) Adobe Premiere
14 2 (0.037%) Adobe XD
14 2 (0.037%) Open Workbench
15 1 (0.018%) Adobe After Effects
15 1 (0.018%) FileZilla
Business Applications
1 31 (0.57%) Oracle EBS
2 28 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
3 20 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
4 17 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 16 (0.30%) Oracle ERP
6 12 (0.22%) iTrent
7 9 (0.17%) assyst
7 9 (0.17%) SAP PSCD
8 8 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
8 8 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
8 8 (0.15%) SAP HCM
9 7 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
9 7 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
9 7 (0.13%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 6 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
10 6 (0.11%) SAP HR
11 5 (0.092%) Oracle EBS R12
11 5 (0.092%) Oracle Manufacturing
11 5 (0.092%) SAP FI-CA
11 5 (0.092%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 774 (14.31%) Azure
2 685 (12.66%) AWS
3 330 (6.10%) Microsoft 365
4 225 (4.16%) Power Platform
5 146 (2.70%) PaaS
6 128 (2.37%) SaaS
7 118 (2.18%) Serverless
8 117 (2.16%) IaaS
9 87 (1.61%) Azure Active Directory
9 87 (1.61%) GCP
10 78 (1.44%) GitHub
11 73 (1.35%) Amazon S3
11 73 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
12 60 (1.11%) AWS CloudFormation
13 51 (0.94%) Amazon EKS
14 44 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
14 44 (0.81%) PowerApps
15 43 (0.79%) OpenShift
16 38 (0.70%) Azure Data Factory
17 37 (0.68%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 114 (2.11%) Firewall
2 94 (1.74%) WAN
3 91 (1.68%) LAN
4 73 (1.35%) VPN
5 67 (1.24%) DNS
6 50 (0.92%) HTTP
7 49 (0.91%) Internet
8 47 (0.87%) Skype
9 42 (0.78%) Network Security
10 34 (0.63%) Intranet
11 31 (0.57%) VoIP
11 31 (0.57%) Wireless
12 28 (0.52%) SSL
13 27 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
14 26 (0.48%) DHCP
15 24 (0.44%) NetScaler
16 23 (0.43%) TCP/IP
17 19 (0.35%) PBX
17 19 (0.35%) SAN
17 19 (0.35%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 185 (3.42%) Power BI
2 157 (2.90%) SQL Server
3 134 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
4 128 (2.37%) PostgreSQL
5 102 (1.89%) Relational Database
6 75 (1.39%) NoSQL
7 71 (1.31%) MySQL
8 70 (1.29%) MongoDB
9 68 (1.26%) Metadata
10 66 (1.22%) Oracle Database
11 60 (1.11%) Big Data
12 59 (1.09%) Hadoop
13 44 (0.81%) Azure SQL Database
14 43 (0.79%) Pentaho
15 38 (0.70%) Data Lake
16 37 (0.68%) Metadata Repository
17 33 (0.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 31 (0.57%) Amazon Aurora
19 30 (0.55%) Apache Hive
20 29 (0.54%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 369 (6.82%) JIRA
2 295 (5.45%) Jenkins
3 259 (4.79%) Git (software)
4 113 (2.09%) GitLab
5 82 (1.52%) Selenium
6 72 (1.33%) Bitbucket
6 72 (1.33%) Maven
7 62 (1.15%) Cucumber
8 61 (1.13%) Artifactory
9 52 (0.96%) JMeter
10 42 (0.78%) Postman
11 34 (0.63%) JUnit
12 28 (0.52%) Visual Studio
13 26 (0.48%) SonarQube
14 25 (0.46%) Subversion
15 22 (0.41%) Cypress.io
16 21 (0.39%) gulp
16 21 (0.39%) TeamCity
17 20 (0.37%) Sonatype Nexus
18 19 (0.35%) REST Assured
General
1 1,089 (20.13%) Social Skills
2 917 (16.95%) Finance
3 473 (8.74%) Telecoms
4 471 (8.71%) Marketing
5 442 (8.17%) Manufacturing
6 422 (7.80%) Analytical Skills
6 422 (7.80%) Electronics
7 137 (2.53%) Influencing Skills
8 126 (2.33%) Local Government
9 85 (1.57%) Organisational Skills
10 83 (1.53%) Presentation Skills
11 80 (1.48%) Legal
12 64 (1.18%) Publishing
13 49 (0.91%) Law
14 33 (0.61%) Back Office
15 31 (0.57%) Documentation Skills
16 28 (0.52%) Banking
17 25 (0.46%) Retail
18 22 (0.41%) Police
19 18 (0.33%) Billing
Job Titles
1 631 (11.66%) Analyst
2 625 (11.55%) Developer
3 563 (10.41%) Architect
4 382 (7.06%) Project Manager
5 260 (4.81%) Designer
6 223 (4.12%) DevOps Engineer
7 218 (4.03%) Business Analyst
8 207 (3.83%) Consultant
9 179 (3.31%) User Researcher
10 160 (2.96%) Delivery Manager
11 147 (2.72%) Solutions Architect
12 127 (2.35%) Java Developer
13 111 (2.05%) Technical Architect
14 98 (1.81%) Programme Manager
15 96 (1.77%) Data Analyst
16 93 (1.72%) IT Manager
17 87 (1.61%) Data Architect
18 84 (1.55%) Data Engineer
19 83 (1.53%) AWS Engineer
20 76 (1.40%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 213 (3.94%) HTML
2 190 (3.51%) .NET
3 173 (3.20%) CSS
4 146 (2.70%) Node.js
5 143 (2.64%) Web Services
6 132 (2.44%) Spring
7 131 (2.42%) React
8 126 (2.33%) REST
9 116 (2.14%) Spring Boot
10 91 (1.68%) XML
11 82 (1.52%) RESTful
12 76 (1.40%) JSON
13 74 (1.37%) AngularJS
14 63 (1.16%) SOAP
15 56 (1.04%) RabbitMQ
16 52 (0.96%) Kafka
17 51 (0.94%) J2EE
18 47 (0.87%) ASP.NET
19 45 (0.83%) OAuth
20 41 (0.76%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 256 (4.73%) NHS
2 234 (4.33%) User Experience
3 124 (2.29%) Management Information System
4 97 (1.79%) Public Cloud
5 92 (1.70%) Legacy Systems
6 91 (1.68%) Data Centre
7 67 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
8 48 (0.89%) Greenfield Project
9 46 (0.85%) Mobile App
10 43 (0.79%) Cloud Native
11 38 (0.70%) Social Media
11 38 (0.70%) Virtual Team
12 32 (0.59%) Algorithms
13 29 (0.54%) Hybrid Cloud
14 27 (0.50%) PKI
15 26 (0.48%) Enterprise Software
15 26 (0.48%) Freedom of Information
16 25 (0.46%) Clustering
16 25 (0.46%) Data Structures
17 23 (0.43%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 356 (6.58%) Windows
2 269 (4.97%) Linux
3 147 (2.72%) Unix
4 125 (2.31%) Windows 10
5 103 (1.90%) Windows Server
6 36 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 36 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
7 34 (0.63%) Windows 7
8 31 (0.57%) Android
9 29 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
10 25 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
11 24 (0.44%) Apple iOS
12 22 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
13 19 (0.35%) CentOS
13 19 (0.35%) Mac OS X
14 18 (0.33%) Ubuntu
15 17 (0.31%) Windows 8
16 16 (0.30%) AIX
17 13 (0.24%) Amazon Linux
18 11 (0.20%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,814 (33.53%) Agile Software Development
2 677 (12.51%) Business Intelligence
3 616 (11.39%) DevOps
4 564 (10.43%) Programme Management
5 531 (9.82%) Stakeholder Management
6 517 (9.56%) Project Management
7 446 (8.24%) User Research
8 442 (8.17%) Scrum
9 426 (7.87%) Digital Marketing
10 413 (7.63%) Migration
11 382 (7.06%) Problem-Solving
12 351 (6.49%) Project Delivery
13 304 (5.62%) Analytics
13 304 (5.62%) Service Design
14 292 (5.40%) Microservices
15 287 (5.30%) ITIL
16 278 (5.14%) Test Automation
17 266 (4.92%) Decision-Making
18 256 (4.73%) Software Engineering
19 250 (4.62%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 525 (9.70%) SQL
2 487 (9.00%) Java
3 389 (7.19%) Python
4 321 (5.93%) JavaScript
5 116 (2.14%) C#
6 110 (2.03%) PowerShell
7 94 (1.74%) R
8 88 (1.63%) TypeScript
9 85 (1.57%) Scala
10 79 (1.46%) Bash Shell
11 78 (1.44%) PL/SQL
12 55 (1.02%) Shell Script
13 52 (0.96%) Ruby
14 45 (0.83%) C
14 45 (0.83%) Perl
15 44 (0.81%) Java 8
16 40 (0.74%) T-SQL
17 33 (0.61%) PHP
18 30 (0.55%) Groovy
19 28 (0.52%) Go
Qualifications
1 1,063 (19.65%) Security Cleared
2 885 (16.36%) SC Cleared
3 270 (4.99%) Degree
4 180 (3.33%) BPSS Clearance
5 94 (1.74%) DV Cleared
6 61 (1.13%) ISTQB
6 61 (1.13%) Microsoft Certification
7 45 (0.83%) CISSP
7 45 (0.83%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
8 43 (0.79%) MCSE
9 40 (0.74%) ISEB
10 39 (0.72%) Cisco Certification
10 39 (0.72%) ITIL Certification
11 35 (0.65%) Computer Science Degree
12 29 (0.54%) TOGAF Certification
13 28 (0.52%) CCNA
14 27 (0.50%) DBS Check
14 27 (0.50%) PMI Certification
15 26 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 22 (0.41%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 190 (3.51%) QA
2 182 (3.36%) Accessibility
3 150 (2.77%) Disclosure Scotland
4 138 (2.55%) PMO
5 60 (1.11%) Data Quality
6 48 (0.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 46 (0.85%) GDPR
8 36 (0.67%) NCSC
9 34 (0.63%) SLA
10 33 (0.61%) WCAG
11 30 (0.55%) NIST
12 13 (0.24%) HL7
13 12 (0.22%) PCI DSS
14 9 (0.17%) JSP 440
15 8 (0.15%) COBIT
15 8 (0.15%) MiFID
16 7 (0.13%) GRC
16 7 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 7 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 7 (0.13%) RMADS
System Software
1 300 (5.55%) Docker
2 262 (4.84%) Active Directory
3 90 (1.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (0.61%) Hyper-V
5 23 (0.43%) vSphere
6 21 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
7 20 (0.37%) HDFS
7 20 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
7 20 (0.37%) VMware NSX
8 16 (0.30%) XenApp
9 8 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
9 8 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
10 6 (0.11%) NFS
10 6 (0.11%) Varnish
11 5 (0.092%) BitLocker
11 5 (0.092%) Microsoft App-V
11 5 (0.092%) OpenAM
11 5 (0.092%) Oracle RAC
11 5 (0.092%) RACF
11 5 (0.092%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 248 (4.58%) Terraform
2 236 (4.36%) Kubernetes
3 209 (3.86%) Ansible
4 111 (2.05%) Grafana
5 93 (1.72%) SCCM
6 61 (1.13%) Kibana
7 57 (1.05%) Prometheus
8 42 (0.78%) Microsoft Intune
9 40 (0.74%) Single Sign-On
10 34 (0.63%) Istio
11 32 (0.59%) Opscode Chef
12 30 (0.55%) Puppet
13 29 (0.54%) Rancher
14 24 (0.44%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 24 (0.44%) Consul
14 24 (0.44%) logstash
15 21 (0.39%) Nagios
16 19 (0.35%) NetBackup
17 17 (0.31%) Fluentd
17 17 (0.31%) Packer
Vendors
1 564 (10.43%) Microsoft
2 519 (9.59%) SAP
3 361 (6.67%) Oracle
4 158 (2.92%) VMware
5 98 (1.81%) ServiceNow
6 92 (1.70%) Google
7 90 (1.66%) Cisco
8 89 (1.65%) Citrix
9 77 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
10 66 (1.22%) Atlassian
11 58 (1.07%) IBM
12 55 (1.02%) Splunk
13 50 (0.92%) Red Hat
14 49 (0.91%) Informatica
15 45 (0.83%) HP
16 42 (0.78%) Sparx
17 40 (0.74%) Remedy
17 40 (0.74%) webMethods
18 38 (0.70%) BEA
19 35 (0.65%) CheckPoint