Period
to 19 November 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 558 762 881
Rank change year-on-year +204 +119 -
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 356 119 29
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.34% 0.12% 0.028%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.01% 0.34% 0.081%
Number of daily rates quoted 238 82 19
UK median daily rate £526 £550 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.45% +22.22% -
10th Percentile £412 £375 £400
90th Percentile £675 £674 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £432
% change year-on-year - +15.74% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 35,196 34,922 35,736
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.08% 34.43% 34.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,196 23,095 23,386
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £250
90th Percentile £656 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,075 1,057 1,233
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.10%
10th Percentile £12.06 £11.25 £11.65
90th Percentile £50.75 £47.90 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year - -2.44% +9.33%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cloud Native.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +189 315 £537 -2.32% 77
London +150 210 £550 -6.38% 45
UK excluding London +85 143 £500 - 51
South East +16 63 £530 +6.00% 9
Scotland - 31 £425 - 10
North of England +3 21 £500 -16.67% 11
Yorkshire +1 14 £500 -16.67% 6
Midlands -11 11 £510 +7.37% 5
West Midlands - 9 £510 - 4
Wales - 8 £550 - 4
South West -37 7 £425 +6.25% 5
North West - 5 £369 - 4
North East -4 2 £475 - 1
East of England - 2 £713 - 2
East Midlands +4 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 230 (64.61%) Amazon AWS
2 201 (56.46%) DevOps
3 129 (36.24%) Docker
4 120 (33.71%) Java
5 110 (30.90%) Terraform
6 104 (29.21%) Microservices
7 102 (28.65%) Agile Software Development
8 90 (25.28%) Linux
8 90 (25.28%) Microsoft Azure
9 83 (23.31%) Kubernetes
10 78 (21.91%) Python
11 76 (21.35%) Ansible
12 73 (20.51%) Jenkins
13 67 (18.82%) TDD
14 65 (18.26%) JavaScript
15 64 (17.98%) Continuous Delivery
16 55 (15.45%) Finance
16 55 (15.45%) Serverless
17 54 (15.17%) Deployment Automation
18 53 (14.89%) Puppet
19 50 (14.04%) SQL
20 49 (13.76%) Git (software)
21 48 (13.48%) Greenfield Project
22 44 (12.36%) AWS Lambda
23 43 (12.08%) Unix
24 42 (11.80%) Continuous Integration
24 42 (11.80%) Opscode Chef
25 41 (11.52%) AWS CloudFormation
26 40 (11.24%) Scrum
27 39 (10.96%) Analytics

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (9.55%) Elasticsearch
2 16 (4.49%) Cloud Foundry
3 14 (3.93%) Confluence
4 6 (1.69%) OpenStack
5 5 (1.40%) Apache
5 5 (1.40%) CMS
6 4 (1.12%) nginx
6 4 (1.12%) Tomcat
7 3 (0.84%) Magnolia
7 3 (0.84%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.56%) Anypoint
8 2 (0.56%) Apache Spark
8 2 (0.56%) IIS
8 2 (0.56%) JBoss
8 2 (0.56%) Jupyter
8 2 (0.56%) OpenWhisk
8 2 (0.56%) WebSphere
9 1 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
9 1 (0.28%) Hubot
Applications
1 4 (1.12%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.56%) HipChat
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.28%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.84%) thinkFolio
2 1 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 230 (64.61%) Amazon AWS
2 90 (25.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 55 (15.45%) Serverless
4 44 (12.36%) AWS Lambda
5 41 (11.52%) AWS CloudFormation
6 38 (10.67%) Amazon S3
7 35 (9.83%) PaaS
8 30 (8.43%) Google Cloud Platform
9 29 (8.15%) Amazon EC2
10 28 (7.87%) Amazon Glacier
10 28 (7.87%) IaaS
11 27 (7.58%) SaaS
12 25 (7.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 16 (4.49%) Route 53
14 14 (3.93%) Amazon SQS
15 12 (3.37%) npm
16 10 (2.81%) Yarn
17 9 (2.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 9 (2.53%) Azure Active Directory
18 8 (2.25%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 19 (5.34%) Firewall
2 16 (4.49%) DNS
3 14 (3.93%) Network Security
4 13 (3.65%) VPN
5 12 (3.37%) SSL
6 10 (2.81%) Intrusion Detection
6 10 (2.81%) LAN
6 10 (2.81%) WAN
6 10 (2.81%) Wireless
6 10 (2.81%) WLAN
7 9 (2.53%) TCP/IP
8 7 (1.97%) HTTP
9 3 (0.84%) NetScaler
10 2 (0.56%) IPsec
11 1 (0.28%) DKIM
11 1 (0.28%) DMARC
11 1 (0.28%) Internet
11 1 (0.28%) SMTP
11 1 (0.28%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (10.39%) Amazon RDS
2 23 (6.46%) Relational Database
3 21 (5.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 15 (4.21%) NoSQL
5 11 (3.09%) SQL Server
6 8 (2.25%) PostgreSQL
7 7 (1.97%) Pentaho
8 6 (1.69%) Data Lake
9 5 (1.40%) Big Data
9 5 (1.40%) MongoDB
9 5 (1.40%) MySQL
9 5 (1.40%) Power BI
10 4 (1.12%) RDBMS
10 4 (1.12%) Redis
11 3 (0.84%) Azure SQL Database
12 2 (0.56%) Apache Cassandra
12 2 (0.56%) Data Warehouse
12 2 (0.56%) Squirro
13 1 (0.28%) HDInsight
13 1 (0.28%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 73 (20.51%) Jenkins
2 49 (13.76%) Git (software)
3 30 (8.43%) JIRA
4 25 (7.02%) Maven
5 17 (4.78%) Babel
5 17 (4.78%) webpack
6 16 (4.49%) IntelliJ
7 15 (4.21%) Visual Studio Team System
8 14 (3.93%) Cucumber
9 13 (3.65%) Mocha
10 9 (2.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 9 (2.53%) Bitbucket
11 8 (2.25%) CircleCI
11 8 (2.25%) Sonatype Nexus
11 8 (2.25%) Travis CI
12 7 (1.97%) Subversion
12 7 (1.97%) TeamCity
13 6 (1.69%) Gradle
13 6 (1.69%) JUnit
14 4 (1.12%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 55 (15.45%) Finance
2 32 (8.99%) Telecoms
3 13 (3.65%) Legal
4 10 (2.81%) Banking
5 8 (2.25%) Retail
6 6 (1.69%) Front Office
7 2 (0.56%) Advertising
7 2 (0.56%) Billing
8 1 (0.28%) Back Office
8 1 (0.28%) Electronics
8 1 (0.28%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.28%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 103 (28.93%) Developer
2 90 (25.28%) DevOps Engineer
3 83 (23.31%) Architect
4 63 (17.70%) Java Developer
5 61 (17.13%) AWS Engineer
6 53 (14.89%) AWS DevOps
7 47 (13.20%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 45 (12.64%) Cloud Architect
9 37 (10.39%) Cloud Engineer
10 25 (7.02%) Azure Architect
11 24 (6.74%) JavaScript Developer
12 21 (5.90%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 17 (4.78%) Security Architect
14 16 (4.49%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
15 15 (4.21%) AWS Architect
16 13 (3.65%) Software Engineer
17 12 (3.37%) .NET Developer
17 12 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
18 10 (2.81%) Infrastructure Architect
18 10 (2.81%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (10.67%) Spring
2 32 (8.99%) AngularJS
3 31 (8.71%) .NET
3 31 (8.71%) Redux
4 30 (8.43%) Node.js
5 29 (8.15%) Spring Boot
6 27 (7.58%) React
7 25 (7.02%) CSS
7 25 (7.02%) Web Services
8 22 (6.18%) OAuth
9 20 (5.62%) OpenID
10 12 (3.37%) Elastic Stack
10 12 (3.37%) HTML
10 12 (3.37%) SAML
11 11 (3.09%) RESTful
12 10 (2.81%) .NET Core
12 10 (2.81%) Angular 2
12 10 (2.81%) Chai
12 10 (2.81%) Enzyme
12 10 (2.81%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 48 (13.48%) Greenfield Project
2 21 (5.90%) Computer Science
2 21 (5.90%) Mobile App
3 20 (5.62%) Algorithms
3 20 (5.62%) Data Structures
4 18 (5.06%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (3.65%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 12 (3.37%) Management Information System
6 12 (3.37%) Public Cloud
6 12 (3.37%) User Experience
7 9 (2.53%) Data Centre
8 8 (2.25%) Private Cloud
9 7 (1.97%) Enterprise Cloud
9 7 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
9 7 (1.97%) Fintech
10 6 (1.69%) Hybrid Cloud
11 5 (1.40%) Equities
11 5 (1.40%) Fixed Income
11 5 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 3 (0.84%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 90 (25.28%) Linux
2 43 (12.08%) Unix
3 28 (7.87%) Windows
4 22 (6.18%) Android
4 22 (6.18%) Apple iOS
5 8 (2.25%) Windows Server 2012
6 5 (1.40%) Windows Server
7 3 (0.84%) AIX
8 2 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.56%) Solaris
9 1 (0.28%) VMS
9 1 (0.28%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 201 (56.46%) DevOps
2 104 (29.21%) Microservices
3 102 (28.65%) Agile Software Development
4 67 (18.82%) TDD
5 64 (17.98%) Continuous Delivery
6 54 (15.17%) Deployment Automation
7 42 (11.80%) Continuous Integration
8 40 (11.24%) Scrum
9 39 (10.96%) Analytics
10 35 (9.83%) Software Engineering
11 34 (9.55%) Configuration Management
12 33 (9.27%) Test Automation
13 31 (8.71%) OO
14 30 (8.43%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 30 (8.43%) Migration
15 28 (7.87%) BDD
16 26 (7.30%) SOA
17 24 (6.74%) Pair Programming
18 22 (6.18%) Functional Programming
19 21 (5.90%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 120 (33.71%) Java
2 78 (21.91%) Python
3 65 (18.26%) JavaScript
4 50 (14.04%) SQL
5 38 (10.67%) C#
6 34 (9.55%) TypeScript
7 25 (7.02%) Java 8
8 20 (5.62%) C++
9 19 (5.34%) Apple Swift
9 19 (5.34%) Rust
10 18 (5.06%) ES6
11 14 (3.93%) PowerShell
12 13 (3.65%) Go
12 13 (3.65%) Ruby
13 11 (3.09%) Bash Shell
14 9 (2.53%) R
15 7 (1.97%) Scala
16 4 (1.12%) Perl
16 4 (1.12%) PHP
16 4 (1.12%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 35 (9.83%) SC Cleared
1 35 (9.83%) Security Cleared
2 22 (6.18%) Degree
3 19 (5.34%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
5 4 (1.12%) AWS Certification
5 4 (1.12%) CISSP
5 4 (1.12%) TOGAF Certification
6 2 (0.56%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 2 (0.56%) CCSP
6 2 (0.56%) CGEIT
6 2 (0.56%) CISA
6 2 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
6 2 (0.56%) CISM
6 2 (0.56%) ISSAP
6 2 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.28%) CRISC
7 1 (0.28%) ISACA
7 1 (0.28%) MCITP
7 1 (0.28%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.09%) FedRAMP
1 11 (3.09%) HIPAA
2 10 (2.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 6 (1.69%) SLA
4 4 (1.12%) GDPR
4 4 (1.12%) QA
5 1 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.28%) FISMA
5 1 (0.28%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 129 (36.24%) Docker
2 10 (2.81%) Active Directory
3 6 (1.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (1.40%) Hyper-V
4 5 (1.40%) Microsoft App-V
4 5 (1.40%) XenApp
5 1 (0.28%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 110 (30.90%) Terraform
2 83 (23.31%) Kubernetes
3 76 (21.35%) Ansible
4 53 (14.89%) Puppet
5 42 (11.80%) Opscode Chef
6 13 (3.65%) Salt
7 12 (3.37%) CASB
8 11 (3.09%) Packer
9 10 (2.81%) Grafana
9 10 (2.81%) Prometheus
10 9 (2.53%) Docker Swarm
11 7 (1.97%) Graphite
12 3 (0.84%) HAProxy
13 2 (0.56%) Consul
13 2 (0.56%) Istio
13 2 (0.56%) Mesos
13 2 (0.56%) Rancher
13 2 (0.56%) rkt
13 2 (0.56%) yum
14 1 (0.28%) StackStorm
Vendors
1 33 (9.27%) Microsoft
2 29 (8.15%) Oracle
3 16 (4.49%) Google
4 12 (3.37%) SaltStack
5 11 (3.09%) Atlassian
6 10 (2.81%) Okta
7 9 (2.53%) VMware
8 5 (1.40%) Citrix
8 5 (1.40%) IBM
8 5 (1.40%) Splunk
9 3 (0.84%) Bloomberg
9 3 (0.84%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.84%) SAP
10 2 (0.56%) Fujitsu
10 2 (0.56%) Mashery
10 2 (0.56%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.56%) Perforce
10 2 (0.56%) Rackspace
10 2 (0.56%) Sonatype
10 2 (0.56%) Twitter