Period
to 1 October 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 337 474 620
Rank change year-on-year +137 +146 +137
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 182 387 280
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.61% 0.44% 0.27%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.78% 1.41% 0.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 122 258 199
Median daily rate £564 £575 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.91% +9.52% -6.67%
10th Percentile £413 £422 £408
90th Percentile £761 £741 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 10,201 27,532 33,113
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.14% 31.43% 32.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,470 17,477 21,465
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £255 £265 £275
90th Percentile £719 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £424 £425 £418
% change year-on-year -0.35% +1.80% +4.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 446 1,042 1,044
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.99 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +59.16% +9.95% -3.40%
10th Percentile £13.43 £11.61 £12.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £26.81 £20.50 £18.93
% change year-on-year +30.76% +8.31% -5.36%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +154 158 £563 -4.66% 134
London +108 103 £600 - 71
UK excluding London +169 56 £500 -4.76% 72
Work from Home -46 30 £650 +52.94% 27
North of England +128 24 £560 +7.69% 27
South East +170 15 £500 -4.76% 14
North East - 10 £563 - 10
Scotland +54 9 £425 -5.56% 6
North West +82 8 £425 -18.27% 11
Midlands +80 6 £463 -11.90% 8
Yorkshire +81 5 £551 +5.00% 6
East Midlands +47 4 £563 +25.00% 6
West Midlands +69 2 £463 -11.90% 2
South West +78 1 £400 -36.63% 9
Wales +39 1 £388 -22.50% 1

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 120 (65.93%) AWS
2 87 (47.80%) Azure
3 79 (43.41%) DevOps
4 70 (38.46%) Kubernetes
4 70 (38.46%) Python
4 70 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
5 60 (32.97%) Microservices
6 52 (28.57%) Terraform
7 48 (26.37%) Serverless
8 45 (24.73%) Docker
9 44 (24.18%) Java
10 42 (23.08%) GCP
11 39 (21.43%) Finance
11 39 (21.43%) JavaScript
12 34 (18.68%) SQL
13 32 (17.58%) Jenkins
14 31 (17.03%) Security Cleared
15 30 (16.48%) Git (software)
16 29 (15.93%) Infrastructure as Code
17 28 (15.38%) Linux
18 27 (14.84%) Open Source
18 27 (14.84%) REST
19 26 (14.29%) Ansible
19 26 (14.29%) AWS Lambda
20 25 (13.74%) Web Services
20 25 (13.74%) TDD
20 25 (13.74%) Software Engineering
20 25 (13.74%) Public Sector
21 24 (13.19%) GraphQL
21 24 (13.19%) React

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (5.49%) Apache Spark
2 6 (3.30%) BizTalk Server
2 6 (3.30%) Elasticsearch
3 5 (2.75%) Apache Airflow
3 5 (2.75%) Confluence
3 5 (2.75%) Headless CMS
4 4 (2.20%) Apache Pig
5 3 (1.65%) Apache
5 3 (1.65%) Cloud Foundry
5 3 (1.65%) nginx
6 2 (1.10%) IIS
6 2 (1.10%) Predix
6 2 (1.10%) SAS
6 2 (1.10%) SharePoint
6 2 (1.10%) ThingWorx
7 1 (0.55%) Mule
7 1 (0.55%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.55%) Sonic ESB
7 1 (0.55%) WildFly
Applications
1 4 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (1.10%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.55%) 3ds Max
3 1 (0.55%) Blender
3 1 (0.55%) Maya
3 1 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (2.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 120 (65.93%) AWS
2 87 (47.80%) Azure
3 48 (26.37%) Serverless
4 42 (23.08%) GCP
5 26 (14.29%) AWS Lambda
6 19 (10.44%) Amazon EC2
7 18 (9.89%) AWS CloudFormation
8 16 (8.79%) Amazon EKS
9 15 (8.24%) Azure Functions
10 14 (7.69%) PaaS
11 12 (6.59%) Amazon S3
11 12 (6.59%) IaaS
12 11 (6.04%) GitHub
13 10 (5.49%) SaaS
13 10 (5.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 9 (4.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 9 (4.95%) AWS CodePipeline
15 7 (3.85%) Azure Stack
16 6 (3.30%) Amazon ECS
16 6 (3.30%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 5 (2.75%) DNS
1 5 (2.75%) Network Security
2 4 (2.20%) 3GPP
2 4 (2.20%) 5G
2 4 (2.20%) FCAPS
2 4 (2.20%) Intrusion Detection
3 3 (1.65%) Internet
4 2 (1.10%) Firewall
4 2 (1.10%) Kerberos
4 2 (1.10%) VPN
5 1 (0.55%) Calico
5 1 (0.55%) DHCP
5 1 (0.55%) FTP
5 1 (0.55%) HTTP
5 1 (0.55%) IPsec
5 1 (0.55%) Software-Defined Networking
5 1 (0.55%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.55%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (10.44%) Big Data
2 14 (7.69%) MongoDB
3 13 (7.14%) Hadoop
3 13 (7.14%) Relational Database
4 12 (6.59%) Amazon RDS
4 12 (6.59%) NoSQL
5 10 (5.49%) PostgreSQL
6 8 (4.40%) Data Warehouse
7 7 (3.85%) SQL Server
8 6 (3.30%) Apache Cassandra
8 6 (3.30%) Azure SQL Database
8 6 (3.30%) Cosmos DB
8 6 (3.30%) MySQL
9 4 (2.20%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 4 (2.20%) Data Lake
9 4 (2.20%) KDB
9 4 (2.20%) Power BI
9 4 (2.20%) SAP HANA
9 4 (2.20%) Spotfire
10 2 (1.10%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 32 (17.58%) Jenkins
2 30 (16.48%) Git (software)
3 11 (6.04%) GitLab
3 11 (6.04%) JIRA
4 9 (4.95%) CircleCI
5 8 (4.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 6 (3.30%) Bitbucket
7 5 (2.75%) Artifactory
8 4 (2.20%) Visual Studio
9 3 (1.65%) Sonatype Nexus
9 3 (1.65%) Spinnaker
10 2 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
10 2 (1.10%) SonarQube
10 2 (1.10%) TeamCity
10 2 (1.10%) webpack
11 1 (0.55%) Cypress.io
11 1 (0.55%) Gradle
11 1 (0.55%) Mercurial
11 1 (0.55%) SpecFlow
11 1 (0.55%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 39 (21.43%) Finance
2 25 (13.74%) Public Sector
3 14 (7.69%) Banking
3 14 (7.69%) Manufacturing
4 8 (4.40%) Front Office
4 8 (4.40%) Telecoms
5 4 (2.20%) Retail
6 3 (1.65%) Games
7 2 (1.10%) Automotive
7 2 (1.10%) Financial Institution
7 2 (1.10%) French Language
8 1 (0.55%) Back Office
8 1 (0.55%) Fire and Rescue
8 1 (0.55%) Law
8 1 (0.55%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 46 (25.27%) Architect
2 43 (23.63%) Developer
3 29 (15.93%) DevOps Engineer
4 22 (12.09%) Cloud Engineer
5 20 (10.99%) AWS Engineer
6 18 (9.89%) Solutions Architect
7 17 (9.34%) Python Engineer
8 15 (8.24%) AWS Developer
9 11 (6.04%) Full Stack Developer
9 11 (6.04%) Python Developer
9 11 (6.04%) Senior DevOps
9 11 (6.04%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 10 (5.49%) AWS Architect
10 10 (5.49%) Azure Architect
11 9 (4.95%) Cloud Architect
11 9 (4.95%) Java Developer
11 9 (4.95%) Platform Engineer
11 9 (4.95%) Programmer
12 7 (3.85%) Java Engineer
13 6 (3.30%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (14.84%) REST
2 25 (13.74%) Web Services
3 24 (13.19%) GraphQL
3 24 (13.19%) React
4 21 (11.54%) HTML
4 21 (11.54%) Node.js
5 20 (10.99%) .NET
5 20 (10.99%) CSS
6 18 (9.89%) Kafka
7 16 (8.79%) HTML5
8 13 (7.14%) AngularJS
8 13 (7.14%) Spring
9 12 (6.59%) CSS3
10 11 (6.04%) RESTful
11 9 (4.95%) Spring Boot
12 8 (4.40%) Swagger
13 7 (3.85%) React Native
13 7 (3.85%) XML
14 6 (3.30%) AWS Amplify
14 6 (3.30%) Ember.js
Miscellaneous
1 12 (6.59%) Analytical Skills
1 12 (6.59%) Public Cloud
2 11 (6.04%) User Experience
3 8 (4.40%) Mobile App
4 7 (3.85%) Greenfield Project
5 6 (3.30%) Blog
5 6 (3.30%) Management Information System
6 5 (2.75%) Fixed Income
6 5 (2.75%) Industry 4.0
7 4 (2.20%) Derivative
7 4 (2.20%) Hedge funds
7 4 (2.20%) PKI
7 4 (2.20%) Private Cloud
8 3 (1.65%) Enterprise Cloud
8 3 (1.65%) Life Science
9 2 (1.10%) Algorithms
9 2 (1.10%) Internet of Things
9 2 (1.10%) N-Tier
9 2 (1.10%) Reference Data
9 2 (1.10%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 28 (15.38%) Linux
2 12 (6.59%) Windows
3 11 (6.04%) Unix
4 9 (4.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 7 (3.85%) Debian
6 5 (2.75%) Android
6 5 (2.75%) Apple iOS
7 4 (2.20%) CoreOS
7 4 (2.20%) Ubuntu
8 3 (1.65%) CentOS
9 1 (0.55%) MVS
9 1 (0.55%) VMS
9 1 (0.55%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 79 (43.41%) DevOps
2 70 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
3 60 (32.97%) Microservices
4 29 (15.93%) Infrastructure as Code
5 27 (14.84%) Open Source
6 25 (13.74%) Software Engineering
6 25 (13.74%) TDD
7 20 (10.99%) Analytics
8 19 (10.44%) BDD
8 19 (10.44%) Continuous Integration
9 17 (9.34%) Machine Learning
9 17 (9.34%) Scrum
10 16 (8.79%) API Development
10 16 (8.79%) Continuous Delivery
10 16 (8.79%) Mentoring
11 15 (8.24%) OO
12 13 (7.14%) DevSecOps
12 13 (7.14%) Information Security
13 12 (6.59%) Data Science
13 12 (6.59%) Infrastructure Automation
Programming Languages
1 70 (38.46%) Python
2 44 (24.18%) Java
3 39 (21.43%) JavaScript
4 34 (18.68%) SQL
5 24 (13.19%) Go
6 20 (10.99%) C#
7 13 (7.14%) PowerShell
7 13 (7.14%) TypeScript
8 9 (4.95%) Perl
9 7 (3.85%) Java 8
10 6 (3.30%) Bash Shell
10 6 (3.30%) C++
10 6 (3.30%) R
10 6 (3.30%) Ruby
10 6 (3.30%) Scala
11 4 (2.20%) PHP
11 4 (2.20%) T-SQL
11 4 (2.20%) VBA
12 3 (1.65%) Groovy
12 3 (1.65%) Rust
Qualifications
1 31 (17.03%) Security Cleared
2 23 (12.64%) SC Cleared
3 12 (6.59%) Degree
4 5 (2.75%) BPSS Clearance
4 5 (2.75%) DV Cleared
4 5 (2.75%) TOGAF Certification
5 4 (2.20%) AWS Certification
5 4 (2.20%) CISSP
5 4 (2.20%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.65%) CCNA
6 3 (1.65%) CCNP
6 3 (1.65%) CCSP
6 3 (1.65%) CEH
6 3 (1.65%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (1.65%) CISMP
7 1 (0.55%) CISA
7 1 (0.55%) CISM
7 1 (0.55%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
7 1 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.55%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.10%) QA
2 1 (0.55%) COBIT
2 1 (0.55%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (0.55%) ISO 31000
2 1 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (0.55%) NIST
System Software
1 45 (24.73%) Docker
2 7 (3.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (3.30%) Active Directory
3 6 (3.30%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.55%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 70 (38.46%) Kubernetes
2 52 (28.57%) Terraform
3 26 (14.29%) Ansible
4 7 (3.85%) Prometheus
5 4 (2.20%) Grafana
5 4 (2.20%) Kibana
6 3 (1.65%) CSIRT
6 3 (1.65%) Istio
6 3 (1.65%) Packer
6 3 (1.65%) QRadar
6 3 (1.65%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.55%) Demisto
7 1 (0.55%) HAProxy
7 1 (0.55%) logstash
7 1 (0.55%) Puppet
Vendors
1 22 (12.09%) Microsoft
2 20 (10.99%) Google
3 11 (6.04%) Oracle
4 8 (4.40%) Cloudera
4 8 (4.40%) MuleSoft
4 8 (4.40%) SAP
5 7 (3.85%) Red Hat
5 7 (3.85%) VMware
6 6 (3.30%) Salesforce.com
7 4 (2.20%) Splunk
7 4 (2.20%) Tableau
8 3 (1.65%) Alibaba
8 3 (1.65%) Confluent
8 3 (1.65%) Veracode
9 2 (1.10%) Alteryx
9 2 (1.10%) MicroStrategy
9 2 (1.10%) New Relic
9 2 (1.10%) ServiceNow
9 2 (1.10%) StreamSets
9 2 (1.10%) Twitter