Period
to 17 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 236 341 491
Rank change year-on-year +105 +150 +138
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 971 189 361
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.17% 0.61% 0.42%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.91% 1.94% 1.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 654 114 230
10th Percentile £450 £413 £450
25th Percentile £513 £464 £511
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £575 £575
75th Percentile £675 £693 £670
90th Percentile £749 £759 £753
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £504 £525
% change year-on-year +4.17% -4.00% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
Median hourly rate £67.50 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 24,821 9,720 24,497
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.85% 31.50% 28.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,400 6,605 16,091
10th Percentile £305 £263 £267
25th Percentile £413 £370 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £486 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.02% +2.32% -
75th Percentile £625 £609 £581
90th Percentile £725 £724 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 692 315 863
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.02 £11.62
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.50 £14.28
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.96 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -7.27% +31.51% +2.50%
75th Percentile £50.00 £45.25 £46.49
90th Percentile £64.98 £58.25 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.45 £23.40 £19.03
% change year-on-year -12.61% +22.96% +0.16%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +92 765 £600 +4.35% 404
London +68 530 £625 - 241
Work from Home -15 293 £600 -7.69% 73
UK excluding London -28 201 £525 +4.17% 181
North of England -55 48 £575 +5.99% 53
South East -66 43 £525 +0.57% 31
Scotland -50 36 £475 +11.76% 15
East of England - 29 £533 - 23
Yorkshire -34 20 £550 -1.35% 17
North East -1 19 £600 +6.86% 6
South West -23 17 £500 +25.00% 15
Midlands -69 15 £465 +0.54% 42
Wales -14 13 £515 +32.90% 2
North West -50 13 £525 +23.53% 30
East Midlands -36 8 £465 -17.33% 11
West Midlands -63 6 £258 -44.32% 31

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 514 (52.94%) AWS
2 469 (48.30%) Azure
3 449 (46.24%) DevOps
4 385 (39.65%) Agile Software Development
5 350 (36.05%) Kubernetes
6 341 (35.12%) Microservices
7 292 (30.07%) Python
8 250 (25.75%) Terraform
9 212 (21.83%) Serverless
10 204 (21.01%) Infrastructure as Code
11 200 (20.60%) Java
12 190 (19.57%) Finance
13 189 (19.46%) Docker
14 186 (19.16%) GCP
15 180 (18.54%) Social Skills
16 179 (18.43%) Software Engineering
17 158 (16.27%) JavaScript
18 145 (14.93%) SQL
19 135 (13.90%) PaaS
19 135 (13.90%) Full Stack Development
20 127 (13.08%) Test Automation
21 123 (12.67%) AWS Lambda
22 122 (12.56%) Git (software)
23 121 (12.46%) IaaS
23 121 (12.46%) Jenkins
24 120 (12.36%) SaaS
25 117 (12.05%) Node.js
26 115 (11.84%) SDLC
27 114 (11.74%) C#
28 106 (10.92%) React

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (4.12%) Apache Spark
1 40 (4.12%) BizTalk Server
2 26 (2.68%) Apache
3 20 (2.06%) Apache Airflow
3 20 (2.06%) Confluence
4 18 (1.85%) Elasticsearch
5 12 (1.24%) Cloud Foundry
6 11 (1.13%) Apache Pig
6 11 (1.13%) IIS
7 10 (1.03%) SharePoint
8 9 (0.93%) CMS
9 8 (0.82%) OpenStack
10 7 (0.72%) nginx
11 6 (0.62%) Headless CMS
11 6 (0.62%) IBM Domino
11 6 (0.62%) JBoss
11 6 (0.62%) Tomcat
12 5 (0.51%) WebSphere
13 4 (0.41%) SharePoint 2010
13 4 (0.41%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 7 (0.72%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (0.51%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (0.31%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.21%) Aligne
3 2 (0.21%) Endur
3 2 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.10%) Maximo
4 1 (0.10%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 514 (52.94%) AWS
2 469 (48.30%) Azure
3 212 (21.83%) Serverless
4 186 (19.16%) GCP
5 135 (13.90%) PaaS
6 123 (12.67%) AWS Lambda
7 121 (12.46%) IaaS
8 120 (12.36%) SaaS
9 79 (8.14%) AWS CloudFormation
10 72 (7.42%) GitHub
11 69 (7.11%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 68 (7.00%) Azure Functions
13 54 (5.56%) Amazon S3
14 50 (5.15%) Azure Storage
15 47 (4.84%) Azure Active Directory
16 42 (4.33%) Azure Data Factory
16 42 (4.33%) Azure Logic Apps
17 37 (3.81%) Amazon SQS
18 34 (3.50%) Amazon EKS
19 33 (3.40%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.30%) Firewall
2 16 (1.65%) Internet
3 15 (1.54%) DNS
4 13 (1.34%) Network Security
5 11 (1.13%) VPN
6 10 (1.03%) BGP
6 10 (1.03%) FTP
7 9 (0.93%) Software-Defined Networking
8 8 (0.82%) DHCP
8 8 (0.82%) EIGRP
8 8 (0.82%) HTTP
9 7 (0.72%) SSL
9 7 (0.72%) WAN
10 5 (0.51%) SNMP
11 4 (0.41%) 3GPP
11 4 (0.41%) AMQP
11 4 (0.41%) LAN
11 4 (0.41%) NAS
11 4 (0.41%) SAN
12 3 (0.31%) SGSN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (8.75%) MongoDB
2 78 (8.03%) NoSQL
3 64 (6.59%) Azure SQL Database
4 61 (6.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 53 (5.46%) SQL Server
6 49 (5.05%) Big Data
7 48 (4.94%) Data Lake
8 45 (4.63%) PostgreSQL
9 34 (3.50%) Data Warehouse
10 31 (3.19%) Amazon RDS
11 26 (2.68%) Relational Database
12 20 (2.06%) MySQL
13 19 (1.96%) BigQuery
14 18 (1.85%) Hadoop
15 17 (1.75%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
16 15 (1.54%) Amazon Redshift
17 13 (1.34%) Apache Cassandra
18 12 (1.24%) Metadata
18 12 (1.24%) Power BI
18 12 (1.24%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 122 (12.56%) Git (software)
2 121 (12.46%) Jenkins
3 41 (4.22%) JIRA
4 38 (3.91%) GitLab
5 32 (3.30%) Maven
6 27 (2.78%) Gradle
7 25 (2.57%) TeamCity
8 24 (2.47%) CircleCI
9 22 (2.27%) Sonatype Nexus
10 21 (2.16%) Selenium
11 20 (2.06%) Cypress.io
12 18 (1.85%) Cucumber
12 18 (1.85%) SonarQube
13 14 (1.44%) webpack
14 13 (1.34%) Artifactory
15 11 (1.13%) Bitbucket
15 11 (1.13%) ERwin
15 11 (1.13%) Subversion
16 10 (1.03%) Robot Framework
17 9 (0.93%) gulp
General
1 190 (19.57%) Finance
2 180 (18.54%) Social Skills
3 80 (8.24%) Banking
4 55 (5.66%) Presentation Skills
5 51 (5.25%) Public Sector
6 38 (3.91%) Analytical Skills
7 28 (2.88%) Front Office
8 26 (2.68%) Legal
9 25 (2.57%) Financial Institution
10 22 (2.27%) Retail
11 13 (1.34%) Influencing Skills
12 11 (1.13%) Investment Banking
12 11 (1.13%) Telecoms
13 9 (0.93%) Back Office
13 9 (0.93%) Documentation Skills
14 8 (0.82%) Billing
15 7 (0.72%) Games
16 5 (0.51%) Law
16 5 (0.51%) Manufacturing
17 4 (0.41%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 272 (28.01%) Architect
2 186 (19.16%) Developer
3 113 (11.64%) DevOps Engineer
4 101 (10.40%) Solutions Architect
5 85 (8.75%) Cloud Engineer
6 72 (7.42%) Cloud Architect
7 69 (7.11%) Azure Engineer
8 58 (5.97%) Azure Architect
9 54 (5.56%) AWS Architect
10 47 (4.84%) Software Engineer
11 45 (4.63%) AWS Engineer
12 41 (4.22%) Full Stack Developer
13 40 (4.12%) Data Engineer
14 39 (4.02%) C# Developer
15 33 (3.40%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 33 (3.40%) Technical Architect
16 31 (3.19%) Java Developer
17 29 (2.99%) Azure Developer
17 29 (2.99%) Security Engineer
18 28 (2.88%) Kubernetes Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 117 (12.05%) Node.js
2 106 (10.92%) React
3 102 (10.50%) .NET
4 86 (8.86%) Kafka
5 71 (7.31%) .NET Core
6 68 (7.00%) REST
7 63 (6.49%) Spring
8 55 (5.66%) Web Services
9 51 (5.25%) AngularJS
10 46 (4.74%) Spring Boot
11 44 (4.53%) JSON
12 38 (3.91%) CSS
12 38 (3.91%) HTML
13 32 (3.30%) OAuth
14 28 (2.88%) Middleware
15 26 (2.68%) OpenID
16 25 (2.57%) RESTful
17 21 (2.16%) Jest
18 19 (1.96%) gRPC
18 19 (1.96%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 92 (9.47%) Public Cloud
2 51 (5.25%) Hybrid Cloud
3 49 (5.05%) Legacy Systems
4 44 (4.53%) Data Centre
5 39 (4.02%) Data Protection Act
6 31 (3.19%) Legacy Applications
7 30 (3.09%) Data Structures
8 24 (2.47%) CMDB
8 24 (2.47%) Enterprise Software
8 24 (2.47%) Hedge funds
8 24 (2.47%) User Experience
9 23 (2.37%) Greenfield Project
10 22 (2.27%) Management Information System
11 15 (1.54%) Private Cloud
12 13 (1.34%) Robotics
13 11 (1.13%) Credit Risk
13 11 (1.13%) Virtual Team
14 9 (0.93%) Mobile App
15 8 (0.82%) Algorithms
15 8 (0.82%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 96 (9.89%) Linux
2 82 (8.44%) Windows
3 43 (4.43%) Unix
4 19 (1.96%) Windows Server
5 17 (1.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (0.93%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.62%) Android
7 6 (0.62%) Debian
8 5 (0.51%) Windows Server 2016
9 3 (0.31%) Apple iOS
10 2 (0.21%) CentOS
10 2 (0.21%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.10%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.10%) Solaris
11 1 (0.10%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 449 (46.24%) DevOps
2 385 (39.65%) Agile Software Development
3 341 (35.12%) Microservices
4 204 (21.01%) Infrastructure as Code
5 179 (18.43%) Software Engineering
6 135 (13.90%) Full Stack Development
7 127 (13.08%) Test Automation
8 115 (11.84%) SDLC
9 106 (10.92%) Migration
10 99 (10.20%) TDD
11 92 (9.47%) Continuous Delivery
12 90 (9.27%) Scrum
13 82 (8.44%) Analytics
14 79 (8.14%) Open Source
15 71 (7.31%) Continuous Integration
16 70 (7.21%) Continuous Improvement
17 69 (7.11%) Data Protection
18 61 (6.28%) Data Engineering
19 60 (6.18%) Configuration Management
20 58 (5.97%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 292 (30.07%) Python
2 200 (20.60%) Java
3 158 (16.27%) JavaScript
4 145 (14.93%) SQL
5 114 (11.74%) C#
6 90 (9.27%) Go
7 82 (8.44%) TypeScript
8 80 (8.24%) Bash Shell
9 76 (7.83%) PowerShell
10 45 (4.63%) C++
11 44 (4.53%) PL/SQL
11 44 (4.53%) T-SQL
12 27 (2.78%) Scala
13 20 (2.06%) PHP
14 18 (1.85%) C
14 18 (1.85%) Ruby
15 16 (1.65%) Perl
16 13 (1.34%) Java 8
17 12 (1.24%) Groovy
18 11 (1.13%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 85 (8.75%) Security Cleared
2 71 (7.31%) SC Cleared
3 31 (3.19%) Degree
4 26 (2.68%) AWS Certification
5 18 (1.85%) Cisco Certification
6 13 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (1.24%) CISSP
8 11 (1.13%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 10 (1.03%) CCSP
10 8 (0.82%) CCNP
11 7 (0.72%) GIAC
11 7 (0.72%) TOGAF Certification
12 6 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
12 6 (0.62%) DV Cleared
12 6 (0.62%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.41%) ISEB
14 2 (0.21%) ISTQB
14 2 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
15 1 (0.10%) OCP
15 1 (0.10%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.60%) QA
2 34 (3.50%) GDPR
3 16 (1.65%) Accessibility
4 9 (0.93%) NIST
5 8 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.41%) SOC 2
8 3 (0.31%) OASIS TOSCA
8 3 (0.31%) SLA
9 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.21%) PMO
10 1 (0.10%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.10%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.10%) SOC 1
System Software
1 189 (19.46%) Docker
2 60 (6.18%) Active Directory
3 16 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (0.82%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.62%) Microsoft App-V
6 6 (0.62%) vCloud
6 6 (0.62%) XenApp
7 5 (0.51%) HDFS
8 4 (0.41%) LXC
9 3 (0.31%) KVM
9 3 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.21%) Squid
10 2 (0.21%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.10%) Ceph
11 1 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.10%) zsh
Systems Management
1 350 (36.05%) Kubernetes
2 250 (25.75%) Terraform
3 105 (10.81%) Ansible
4 44 (4.53%) Prometheus
5 40 (4.12%) Puppet
6 33 (3.40%) Grafana
7 29 (2.99%) Opscode Chef
8 17 (1.75%) Istio
9 13 (1.34%) MIIS
10 12 (1.24%) Single Sign-On
11 9 (0.93%) Fluentd
11 9 (0.93%) Kibana
12 8 (0.82%) Consul
13 7 (0.72%) Rancher
14 6 (0.62%) Argo
14 6 (0.62%) Docker Swarm
14 6 (0.62%) Netcool
14 6 (0.62%) Packer
14 6 (0.62%) vRealize
15 5 (0.51%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 96 (9.89%) Google
2 90 (9.27%) Microsoft
3 87 (8.96%) Oracle
4 47 (4.84%) MuleSoft
5 40 (4.12%) Databricks
6 30 (3.09%) Cloudera
7 25 (2.57%) VMware
8 23 (2.37%) SAP
8 23 (2.37%) Splunk
9 18 (1.85%) Red Hat
10 15 (1.54%) Atlassian
10 15 (1.54%) Cisco
11 14 (1.44%) New Relic
12 13 (1.34%) Alibaba
12 13 (1.34%) Informatica
13 12 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
14 11 (1.13%) ServiceNow
15 10 (1.03%) IBM
16 7 (0.72%) Citrix
16 7 (0.72%) Sybase