Period
to 24 January 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 24 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
24 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 271 454 520
Rank change year-on-year +183 +66 +262
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 384 301 395
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.92% 0.42% 0.40%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.73% 1.33% 1.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 266 180 267
Median daily rate £525 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% - -
10th Percentile £381 £420 £413
90th Percentile £750 £738 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £518
% change year-on-year -5.00% -3.38% +3.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 0
Median hourly rate £45.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 14,042 22,549 32,025
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.62% 31.20% 32.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,407 14,604 21,312
Median daily rate £475 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £254 £239 £275
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -2.94% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 555 946 978
Median hourly rate £26.00 £22.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.56% +12.50% -
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.43 £12.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.75 £48.25
Median hourly rate £25.00 £21.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +19.05% +10.53% -2.56%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 24 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +189 310 £535 -6.96% 182
London +131 207 £561 -6.46% 90
Work from Home -90 107 £513 +20.59% 34
UK excluding London +164 102 £475 -5.00% 96
South East +137 34 £500 -9.09% 12
South West +99 22 £475 -22.45% 11
Scotland +49 20 £423 -2.03% 5
North of England +85 15 £525 +5.00% 40
East of England +62 6 £500 -13.79% 12
North West +57 6 £495 +6.17% 19
North East +37 6 £575 +15.00% 10
Midlands +21 4 £450 -10.00% 12
Yorkshire +50 2 £558 +11.50% 11
East Midlands +29 2 - - 3
West Midlands +28 2 £450 -15.49% 9
Wales +27 1 £388 -22.50% 4

For the 6 months to 24 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 209 (54.43%) Azure
2 192 (50.00%) AWS
3 165 (42.97%) DevOps
4 163 (42.45%) Agile Software Development
5 158 (41.15%) Kubernetes
6 141 (36.72%) Python
7 137 (35.68%) Microservices
8 127 (33.07%) Terraform
9 92 (23.96%) Java
10 85 (22.14%) SQL
10 85 (22.14%) Serverless
11 82 (21.35%) Infrastructure as Code
12 78 (20.31%) Jenkins
13 74 (19.27%) Software Engineering
13 74 (19.27%) Git (software)
14 70 (18.23%) Go
14 70 (18.23%) Docker
15 69 (17.97%) GCP
16 63 (16.41%) Security Cleared
17 56 (14.58%) Ansible
17 56 (14.58%) JavaScript
18 54 (14.06%) Finance
19 52 (13.54%) SC Cleared
20 50 (13.02%) PaaS
21 47 (12.24%) Open Source
22 46 (11.98%) GitHub
23 45 (11.72%) PowerShell
23 45 (11.72%) Oracle
23 45 (11.72%) React
24 44 (11.46%) Scrum

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (5.47%) BizTalk Server
2 15 (3.91%) Confluence
3 10 (2.60%) Apache Spark
3 10 (2.60%) Cloud Foundry
4 7 (1.82%) Apache Airflow
5 5 (1.30%) nginx
5 5 (1.30%) OpenStack
6 4 (1.04%) Red Hat Fuse
6 4 (1.04%) SharePoint
7 3 (0.78%) Apache
7 3 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (0.78%) JBoss
8 2 (0.52%) Alfresco
8 2 (0.52%) CMS
8 2 (0.52%) Predix
8 2 (0.52%) ThingWorx
8 2 (0.52%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.26%) Apache ServiceMix
9 1 (0.26%) GeoServer
9 1 (0.26%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 2 (0.52%) 3ds Max
1 2 (0.52%) Blender
1 2 (0.52%) Chatbot
1 2 (0.52%) Maya
1 2 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.26%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.30%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.78%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.52%) Oracle BRM
4 1 (0.26%) Magento
4 1 (0.26%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.26%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 209 (54.43%) Azure
2 192 (50.00%) AWS
3 85 (22.14%) Serverless
4 69 (17.97%) GCP
5 50 (13.02%) PaaS
6 46 (11.98%) GitHub
7 43 (11.20%) AWS Lambda
8 39 (10.16%) Azure Functions
9 34 (8.85%) IaaS
9 34 (8.85%) Logic Apps
10 24 (6.25%) SaaS
11 23 (5.99%) AWS CloudFormation
12 18 (4.69%) Amazon EKS
12 18 (4.69%) OpenShift
13 14 (3.65%) Azure Active Directory
14 13 (3.39%) Amazon GuardDuty
15 12 (3.13%) Amazon EC2
16 11 (2.86%) Amazon S3
17 8 (2.08%) Amazon ECS
17 8 (2.08%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 15 (3.91%) Network Security
2 9 (2.34%) DNS
3 7 (1.82%) Firewall
4 6 (1.56%) SNMP
5 5 (1.30%) 3GPP
5 5 (1.30%) Software-Defined Networking
5 5 (1.30%) VLAN
6 4 (1.04%) Reverse Proxy
7 3 (0.78%) FTP
7 3 (0.78%) Internet
7 3 (0.78%) NAS
7 3 (0.78%) SAN
7 3 (0.78%) SGSN
7 3 (0.78%) VPN
8 2 (0.52%) 5G
8 2 (0.52%) BIG-IP
8 2 (0.52%) Intrusion Detection
9 1 (0.26%) Calico
9 1 (0.26%) Skype
9 1 (0.26%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (9.38%) Azure SQL Database
2 27 (7.03%) MongoDB
3 25 (6.51%) PostgreSQL
4 23 (5.99%) Big Data
5 16 (4.17%) SQL Server
6 13 (3.39%) NoSQL
7 12 (3.13%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (2.86%) Data Lake
9 10 (2.60%) Cosmos DB
10 8 (2.08%) BigQuery
10 8 (2.08%) Hadoop
11 7 (1.82%) MySQL
12 6 (1.56%) Cloud Spanner
13 5 (1.30%) Amazon Aurora
13 5 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 5 (1.30%) Apache Hive
13 5 (1.30%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
13 5 (1.30%) GIS
13 5 (1.30%) Relational Database
14 4 (1.04%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 78 (20.31%) Jenkins
2 74 (19.27%) Git (software)
3 30 (7.81%) JIRA
4 23 (5.99%) GitLab
5 21 (5.47%) Visual Studio
6 20 (5.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 17 (4.43%) CircleCI
8 12 (3.13%) webpack
9 11 (2.86%) Bitbucket
10 8 (2.08%) JUnit
11 6 (1.56%) Cucumber
11 6 (1.56%) Postman
11 6 (1.56%) TeamCity
11 6 (1.56%) Visual Studio Team System
12 4 (1.04%) CF BOSH
12 4 (1.04%) Sonatype Nexus
13 3 (0.78%) Selenium
13 3 (0.78%) SonarQube
13 3 (0.78%) Subversion
13 3 (0.78%) Terragrunt
General
1 54 (14.06%) Finance
2 36 (9.38%) Public Sector
3 24 (6.25%) Banking
4 12 (3.13%) Back Office
5 8 (2.08%) Telecoms
6 7 (1.82%) Law
6 7 (1.82%) Manufacturing
7 6 (1.56%) Retail
8 4 (1.04%) Games
9 3 (0.78%) Automotive
9 3 (0.78%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.52%) French Language
10 2 (0.52%) Front Office
10 2 (0.52%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.52%) Marketing
11 1 (0.26%) Billing
11 1 (0.26%) Electronics
11 1 (0.26%) Fire and Rescue
11 1 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 87 (22.66%) Developer
2 75 (19.53%) Architect
3 50 (13.02%) Cloud Engineer
4 49 (12.76%) DevOps Engineer
5 39 (10.16%) Azure Engineer
6 27 (7.03%) Cloud Architect
7 23 (5.99%) Java Developer
8 20 (5.21%) AWS Engineer
8 20 (5.21%) Python Developer
8 20 (5.21%) Security Engineer
9 17 (4.43%) Azure Developer
9 17 (4.43%) Solutions Architect
10 16 (4.17%) Azure Architect
10 16 (4.17%) Full Stack Developer
11 14 (3.65%) Data Engineer
11 14 (3.65%) Software Engineer
11 14 (3.65%) Technical Architect
12 13 (3.39%) Platform Engineer
13 12 (3.13%) Cloud Developer
13 12 (3.13%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (11.72%) React
2 35 (9.11%) Node.js
3 32 (8.33%) REST
4 30 (7.81%) GraphQL
5 29 (7.55%) CSS
6 27 (7.03%) Spring Boot
7 26 (6.77%) .NET
7 26 (6.77%) Spring
8 25 (6.51%) RESTful
9 24 (6.25%) Kafka
9 24 (6.25%) Web Services
10 23 (5.99%) HTML
11 19 (4.95%) HTML5
12 17 (4.43%) CSS3
13 16 (4.17%) Redux
14 15 (3.91%) JSON
14 15 (3.91%) Middleware
15 14 (3.65%) ADO
16 13 (3.39%) XHR
17 12 (3.13%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 19 (4.95%) Analytical Skills
2 17 (4.43%) Data Centre
2 17 (4.43%) Public Cloud
3 16 (4.17%) User Experience
4 14 (3.65%) Management Information System
5 10 (2.60%) Algorithms
6 9 (2.34%) Security Operations Centre
7 8 (2.08%) Enterprise Cloud
7 8 (2.08%) Greenfield Project
8 7 (1.82%) PKI
9 6 (1.56%) Private Cloud
10 5 (1.30%) Blog
10 5 (1.30%) Data Structures
10 5 (1.30%) Industry 4.0
10 5 (1.30%) TM Forum
11 4 (1.04%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (1.04%) iPad
11 4 (1.04%) Robotics
12 3 (0.78%) Derivative
12 3 (0.78%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 43 (11.20%) Linux
2 25 (6.51%) Windows
3 14 (3.65%) Windows Server
4 8 (2.08%) Unix
5 5 (1.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (1.04%) Android
6 4 (1.04%) Apple iOS
6 4 (1.04%) CentOS
6 4 (1.04%) Windows 10
6 4 (1.04%) Windows Server 2016
7 2 (0.52%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.26%) CoreOS
8 1 (0.26%) Debian
8 1 (0.26%) MVS
8 1 (0.26%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 165 (42.97%) DevOps
2 163 (42.45%) Agile Software Development
3 137 (35.68%) Microservices
4 82 (21.35%) Infrastructure as Code
5 74 (19.27%) Software Engineering
6 47 (12.24%) Open Source
7 44 (11.46%) Scrum
8 37 (9.64%) Information Security
8 37 (9.64%) Test Automation
9 34 (8.85%) SDLC
10 33 (8.59%) TDD
11 30 (7.81%) Migration
11 30 (7.81%) OO
12 29 (7.55%) Continuous Improvement
12 29 (7.55%) DevSecOps
13 28 (7.29%) Data Engineering
14 27 (7.03%) Continuous Integration
15 25 (6.51%) BDD
15 25 (6.51%) Continuous Delivery
16 24 (6.25%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 141 (36.72%) Python
2 92 (23.96%) Java
3 85 (22.14%) SQL
4 70 (18.23%) Go
5 56 (14.58%) JavaScript
6 45 (11.72%) PowerShell
7 38 (9.90%) C#
8 31 (8.07%) TypeScript
9 29 (7.55%) C++
10 27 (7.03%) Bash Shell
11 21 (5.47%) T-SQL
12 20 (5.21%) PL/SQL
13 12 (3.13%) ES6
14 11 (2.86%) Kotlin
15 9 (2.34%) Shell Script
16 8 (2.08%) Ruby
17 5 (1.30%) Java 8
17 5 (1.30%) Perl
17 5 (1.30%) Scala
18 3 (0.78%) C
Qualifications
1 63 (16.41%) Security Cleared
2 52 (13.54%) SC Cleared
3 19 (4.95%) Degree
4 9 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (2.08%) CISSP
6 5 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (1.30%) CISM
7 3 (0.78%) GIAC
7 3 (0.78%) SANS
8 2 (0.52%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.52%) CISA
8 2 (0.52%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
8 2 (0.52%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
8 2 (0.52%) TOGAF Certification
8 2 (0.52%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 1 (0.26%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 1 (0.26%) CCSP
9 1 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.26%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (1.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 5 (1.30%) QA
2 5 (1.30%) SLA
3 4 (1.04%) NIST
4 3 (0.78%) HIPAA
4 3 (0.78%) OASIS TOSCA
4 3 (0.78%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.78%) RMADS
4 3 (0.78%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.52%) COBIT
5 2 (0.52%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.52%) GDPR
5 2 (0.52%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.52%) ISO 31000
5 2 (0.52%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.26%) Data Quality
System Software
1 70 (18.23%) Docker
2 20 (5.21%) Active Directory
3 12 (3.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (2.08%) vSphere
5 5 (1.30%) Hyper-V
5 5 (1.30%) Microsoft App-V
5 5 (1.30%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.78%) HDFS
6 3 (0.78%) KVM
6 3 (0.78%) LXC
6 3 (0.78%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 158 (41.15%) Kubernetes
2 127 (33.07%) Terraform
3 56 (14.58%) Ansible
4 25 (6.51%) Prometheus
5 23 (5.99%) Grafana
6 21 (5.47%) Opscode Chef
7 20 (5.21%) Puppet
8 7 (1.82%) Istio
8 7 (1.82%) Kustomize
9 6 (1.56%) Consul
9 6 (1.56%) ZABBIX
10 4 (1.04%) Packer
11 3 (0.78%) Cloudify
11 3 (0.78%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.78%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.78%) HAProxy
11 3 (0.78%) Juju
11 3 (0.78%) Microsoft Intune
12 2 (0.52%) Argo
12 2 (0.52%) vRealize
Vendors
1 45 (11.72%) Oracle
2 43 (11.20%) Microsoft
3 35 (9.11%) Google
4 26 (6.77%) MuleSoft
5 19 (4.95%) VMware
6 13 (3.39%) Atlassian
7 10 (2.60%) Splunk
8 8 (2.08%) IBM
8 8 (2.08%) Red Hat
9 5 (1.30%) Alibaba
9 5 (1.30%) AppDynamics
9 5 (1.30%) Cloudera
9 5 (1.30%) SAP
10 4 (1.04%) Autodesk
10 4 (1.04%) Dell
10 4 (1.04%) EMC
10 4 (1.04%) Okta
11 3 (0.78%) Cisco
11 3 (0.78%) Ericsson
11 3 (0.78%) Juniper