Period
to 23 October 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 467 591 758
Rank change year-on-year +124 +167 +126
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 346 316 132
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.41% 0.31% 0.13%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.31% 0.94% 0.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 217 214 87
UK median daily rate £575 £525 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% -2.22%
10th Percentile £450 £411 £375
90th Percentile £760 £675 £668
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +15.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 26,450 33,587 33,188
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.23% 32.47% 33.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,780 21,806 21,765
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £263 £273 £263
90th Percentile £665 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,060 1,054 1,014
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
10th Percentile £11.74 £12.23 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.63 £19.00 £19.66
% change year-on-year +8.55% -3.36% -1.70%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cloud Native.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +114 309 £600 +13.64% 161
London +89 189 £620 +12.73% 86
UK excluding London +71 152 £525 +5.00% 89
South East +23 33 £531 +0.19% 19
Scotland +28 31 £450 +5.88% 12
Midlands +75 30 £525 +2.94% 16
South West +12 25 £600 +41.18% 6
North of England +33 23 £520 +4.00% 28
East Midlands +47 17 £450 - 7
West Midlands +39 13 £538 +5.39% 9
North West +27 12 £520 +38.67% 12
Yorkshire +29 11 £525 +5.00% 3
East of England +33 7 £540 -24.21% 6
Wales +18 3 £500 -9.09% 2

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 205 (59.25%) AWS
2 174 (50.29%) DevOps
3 151 (43.64%) Microservices
4 142 (41.04%) Agile Software Development
5 128 (36.99%) Azure
6 112 (32.37%) Java
7 102 (29.48%) Docker
7 102 (29.48%) Terraform
8 98 (28.32%) Kubernetes
9 92 (26.59%) Python
10 90 (26.01%) Jenkins
11 84 (24.28%) Finance
12 78 (22.54%) Git (software)
13 76 (21.97%) Ansible
14 75 (21.68%) GCP
14 75 (21.68%) Node.js
15 74 (21.39%) Linux
16 70 (20.23%) JavaScript
17 65 (18.79%) .NET
18 57 (16.47%) Serverless
19 50 (14.45%) Infrastructure as Code
20 49 (14.16%) Software Engineering
21 46 (13.29%) Banking
22 45 (13.01%) JIRA
22 45 (13.01%) C#
23 41 (11.85%) Big Data
24 39 (11.27%) RESTful
24 39 (11.27%) SQL
24 39 (11.27%) TDD
25 38 (10.98%) Google

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (7.23%) Confluence
2 22 (6.36%) Apache Spark
3 16 (4.62%) Apache
4 12 (3.47%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (2.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 7 (2.02%) Jupyter
6 7 (2.02%) nginx
7 6 (1.73%) Apache Pig
8 5 (1.45%) JBoss
9 4 (1.16%) Cloud Foundry
9 4 (1.16%) Oracle HTTP Server
9 4 (1.16%) WebLogic
10 3 (0.87%) Anypoint
10 3 (0.87%) Mule
10 3 (0.87%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
12 1 (0.29%) IIS
12 1 (0.29%) Mule ESB
12 1 (0.29%) Tomcat
12 1 (0.29%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
1 1 (0.29%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (2.02%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 5 (1.45%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.29%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 205 (59.25%) AWS
2 128 (36.99%) Azure
3 75 (21.68%) GCP
4 57 (16.47%) Serverless
5 37 (10.69%) PaaS
6 34 (9.83%) Amazon ECS
6 34 (9.83%) Amazon S3
6 34 (9.83%) AWS Lambda
7 33 (9.54%) IaaS
8 31 (8.96%) AWS CloudFormation
9 28 (8.09%) Amazon EC2
10 27 (7.80%) GitHub
11 26 (7.51%) SaaS
12 25 (7.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 23 (6.65%) Route 53
14 18 (5.20%) Amazon EKS
15 16 (4.62%) CloudFront
15 16 (4.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 15 (4.34%) Cloud Computing
16 15 (4.34%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 15 (4.34%) Internet
2 7 (2.02%) VPN
3 6 (1.73%) Firewall
3 6 (1.73%) HTTP
4 5 (1.45%) NetScaler
5 3 (0.87%) DNS
5 3 (0.87%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.58%) AMQP
6 2 (0.58%) Network Security
6 2 (0.58%) Skype
6 2 (0.58%) SSL
6 2 (0.58%) WAN
7 1 (0.29%) DMZ
7 1 (0.29%) LAN
7 1 (0.29%) NAS
7 1 (0.29%) SAN
7 1 (0.29%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (11.85%) Big Data
2 31 (8.96%) NoSQL
3 26 (7.51%) Amazon RDS
4 15 (4.34%) Hadoop
5 14 (4.05%) MongoDB
6 12 (3.47%) Apache Cassandra
6 12 (3.47%) PostgreSQL
6 12 (3.47%) SQL Server
7 10 (2.89%) Apache Hive
8 8 (2.31%) Data Lake
8 8 (2.31%) HBase
9 7 (2.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 7 (2.02%) Amazon Redshift
10 5 (1.45%) Azure SQL Database
10 5 (1.45%) MySQL
11 4 (1.16%) BigQuery
11 4 (1.16%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (1.16%) Presto
11 4 (1.16%) Relational Database
11 4 (1.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 90 (26.01%) Jenkins
2 78 (22.54%) Git (software)
3 45 (13.01%) JIRA
4 22 (6.36%) Sonatype Nexus
5 20 (5.78%) Artifactory
6 17 (4.91%) CircleCI
7 10 (2.89%) Cucumber
7 10 (2.89%) Mocha
7 10 (2.89%) Travis CI
8 7 (2.02%) JUnit
9 6 (1.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 6 (1.73%) GitLab
9 6 (1.73%) Moq
10 5 (1.45%) Maven
11 4 (1.16%) Jasmine
11 4 (1.16%) Visual Studio Team System
12 3 (0.87%) Bitbucket
12 3 (0.87%) Mockito
12 3 (0.87%) SonarQube
12 3 (0.87%) TeamCity
General
1 84 (24.28%) Finance
2 46 (13.29%) Banking
3 14 (4.05%) Public Sector
4 9 (2.60%) Front Office
5 8 (2.31%) Games
5 8 (2.31%) Telecoms
6 6 (1.73%) Retail
7 5 (1.45%) Law
8 4 (1.16%) Back Office
9 2 (0.58%) Advertising
9 2 (0.58%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.58%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.58%) Legal
9 2 (0.58%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.58%) Publishing
10 1 (0.29%) Billing
10 1 (0.29%) Electronics
10 1 (0.29%) International Banking
10 1 (0.29%) Marketing
10 1 (0.29%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 93 (26.88%) Developer
2 71 (20.52%) DevOps Engineer
3 66 (19.08%) Architect
4 48 (13.87%) AWS Engineer
5 34 (9.83%) Cloud Engineer
6 26 (7.51%) Cloud Architect
7 25 (7.23%) AWS DevOps
7 25 (7.23%) Java Developer
8 24 (6.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 21 (6.07%) Azure Engineer
10 20 (5.78%) Senior Developer
11 17 (4.91%) Full Stack Developer
12 15 (4.34%) Java Engineer
12 15 (4.34%) Python Developer
12 15 (4.34%) React Developer
12 15 (4.34%) Software Engineer
13 13 (3.76%) AWS Developer
13 13 (3.76%) Security Engineer
14 12 (3.47%) Consultant
14 12 (3.47%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (21.68%) Node.js
2 65 (18.79%) .NET
3 39 (11.27%) RESTful
4 34 (9.83%) Kafka
5 31 (8.96%) React
6 28 (8.09%) Spring
7 25 (7.23%) .NET Core
8 23 (6.65%) AngularJS
9 22 (6.36%) Web Services
10 20 (5.78%) JSON
10 20 (5.78%) Spring Boot
11 17 (4.91%) REST
12 15 (4.34%) CSS
12 15 (4.34%) HTML
13 14 (4.05%) Redux
14 11 (3.18%) OAuth
15 9 (2.60%) Middleware
15 9 (2.60%) OAuth2
15 9 (2.60%) XML
16 8 (2.31%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 27 (7.80%) Greenfield Project
2 24 (6.94%) Public Cloud
3 22 (6.36%) Analytical Skills
4 21 (6.07%) Data Centre
5 18 (5.20%) Enterprise Software
6 17 (4.91%) Hybrid Cloud
7 15 (4.34%) User Experience
8 14 (4.05%) PKI
9 10 (2.89%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 8 (2.31%) Analytical Mindset
11 7 (2.02%) Derivative
11 7 (2.02%) Fixed Income
11 7 (2.02%) Linux Command Line
11 7 (2.02%) Mobile App
11 7 (2.02%) N-Tier
12 6 (1.73%) Algorithms
12 6 (1.73%) Data Structures
13 5 (1.45%) Private Cloud
13 5 (1.45%) Replication
14 3 (0.87%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 74 (21.39%) Linux
2 25 (7.23%) Unix
3 16 (4.62%) CentOS
4 15 (4.34%) CoreOS
5 12 (3.47%) Windows
6 10 (2.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (2.31%) Android
8 6 (1.73%) Apple iOS
9 4 (1.16%) Debian
10 1 (0.29%) AIX
10 1 (0.29%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.29%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.29%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.29%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 174 (50.29%) DevOps
2 151 (43.64%) Microservices
3 142 (41.04%) Agile Software Development
4 50 (14.45%) Infrastructure as Code
5 49 (14.16%) Software Engineering
6 39 (11.27%) TDD
7 38 (10.98%) Configuration Management
8 37 (10.69%) Continuous Integration
9 36 (10.40%) Scrum
10 32 (9.25%) Problem-Solving
11 31 (8.96%) Test Automation
12 30 (8.67%) Migration
13 29 (8.38%) BDD
14 28 (8.09%) Analytics
15 27 (7.80%) Infrastructure Automation
16 24 (6.94%) Continuous Delivery
17 22 (6.36%) Fintech
18 20 (5.78%) Open Source
19 18 (5.20%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 18 (5.20%) The Twelve-Factor App
Programming Languages
1 112 (32.37%) Java
2 92 (26.59%) Python
3 70 (20.23%) JavaScript
4 45 (13.01%) C#
5 39 (11.27%) SQL
6 38 (10.98%) Bash Shell
7 24 (6.94%) Go
8 15 (4.34%) PowerShell
8 15 (4.34%) Rust
9 14 (4.05%) Java 8
9 14 (4.05%) TypeScript
10 7 (2.02%) ES6
11 5 (1.45%) R
11 5 (1.45%) Ruby
12 4 (1.16%) C
12 4 (1.16%) ES7
12 4 (1.16%) Shell Script
13 3 (0.87%) Groovy
13 3 (0.87%) Scala
14 2 (0.58%) PHP
Qualifications
1 26 (7.51%) Security Cleared
2 22 (6.36%) AWS Certification
3 17 (4.91%) Degree
4 15 (4.34%) SC Cleared
5 9 (2.60%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.45%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.87%) CISSP
7 3 (0.87%) SANS
8 2 (0.58%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.29%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 1 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.29%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.29%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (5.49%) QA
2 8 (2.31%) GDPR
3 4 (1.16%) NIST
3 4 (1.16%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.87%) COBIT
4 3 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.29%) NCSC
System Software
1 102 (29.48%) Docker
2 9 (2.60%) Active Directory
2 9 (2.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (2.31%) HDFS
4 5 (1.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 5 (1.45%) Microsoft App-V
4 5 (1.45%) Virtual Desktop
4 5 (1.45%) XenApp
4 5 (1.45%) XenDesktop
5 4 (1.16%) Postfix
6 2 (0.58%) vCloud
7 1 (0.29%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 102 (29.48%) Terraform
2 98 (28.32%) Kubernetes
3 76 (21.97%) Ansible
4 27 (7.80%) Opscode Chef
4 27 (7.80%) Puppet
5 14 (4.05%) Packer
6 10 (2.89%) Prometheus
7 8 (2.31%) Kibana
8 7 (2.02%) Grafana
8 7 (2.02%) Oozie
9 6 (1.73%) SCCM
10 5 (1.45%) Istio
10 5 (1.45%) Microsoft Intune
10 5 (1.45%) Salt
11 4 (1.16%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 4 (1.16%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (1.16%) yum
12 2 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
13 1 (0.29%) HP SiteScope
13 1 (0.29%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 38 (10.98%) Google
2 37 (10.69%) Microsoft
3 23 (6.65%) Oracle
4 19 (5.49%) Atlassian
5 16 (4.62%) Splunk
6 15 (4.34%) Veracode
7 9 (2.60%) Ping Identity
7 9 (2.60%) VMware
8 8 (2.31%) Red Hat
9 7 (2.02%) Sparx
10 6 (1.73%) Citrix
11 5 (1.45%) Cisco
11 5 (1.45%) Dell
11 5 (1.45%) Ivanti
11 5 (1.45%) NetApp
11 5 (1.45%) Rackspace
11 5 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
12 4 (1.16%) EMC
12 4 (1.16%) IBM
12 4 (1.16%) SAP