Period
to 18 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 18 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 224 290 465
Rank change year-on-year +66 +175 +62
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 1,083 362 308
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 0.89% 0.43%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.09% 2.85% 1.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 739 199 183
10th Percentile £458 £400 £425
25th Percentile £525 £431 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £525 £563
Median % change year-on-year +19.05% -6.67% +2.27%
75th Percentile £704 £638 £650
90th Percentile £809 £750 £768
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £469 £500
% change year-on-year +17.33% -6.25% -2.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 0
Median hourly rate - £48.75 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £52.50 -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 26,467 12,698 20,596
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.27% 31.27% 28.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,666 8,594 13,480
10th Percentile £300 £258 £250
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £473
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +0.53% -0.53%
75th Percentile £638 £594 £575
90th Percentile £738 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £415 £425
% change year-on-year +8.43% -2.35% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 659 504 814
10th Percentile £12.48 £12.27 £12.36
25th Percentile £15.94 £16.69 £15.21
Median hourly rate £26.27 £26.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.04% +23.81% +5.00%
75th Percentile £49.75 £45.56 £45.00
90th Percentile £65.10 £58.75 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £24.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -18.37% +19.51% +10.81%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 18 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +48 840 £638 +18.06% 322
London +21 566 £663 +15.22% 197
Work from Home +23 346 £600 +14.29% 59
UK excluding London -13 204 £550 +17.33% 146
North of England -29 48 £575 +10.84% 37
South East -61 44 £575 +15.00% 30
Scotland -38 29 £500 +25.00% 17
East of England -27 28 £500 - 21
South West -48 23 £552 +20.00% 8
Midlands -45 22 £500 +11.11% 26
Yorkshire -30 20 £575 +35.29% 11
North East +13 19 £600 +4.35% 4
North West -39 14 £575 +16.16% 22
West Midlands -48 12 £498 +10.56% 19
Wales -19 10 £515 +32.90% 1
East Midlands -28 9 £539 - 7

For the 6 months to 18 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 596 (55.03%) AWS
2 558 (51.52%) DevOps
3 537 (49.58%) Azure
4 404 (37.30%) Agile Software Development
5 399 (36.84%) Microservices
6 397 (36.66%) Kubernetes
7 346 (31.95%) Terraform
8 274 (25.30%) Python
9 269 (24.84%) Docker
10 251 (23.18%) Java
11 238 (21.98%) Infrastructure as Code
12 211 (19.48%) GCP
13 195 (18.01%) Serverless
14 187 (17.27%) Social Skills
15 185 (17.08%) Finance
16 169 (15.60%) Software Engineering
17 167 (15.42%) Jenkins
18 163 (15.05%) Migration
19 147 (13.57%) JavaScript
20 140 (12.93%) Microsoft
21 138 (12.74%) Kafka
22 134 (12.37%) SQL
23 132 (12.19%) Git (software)
24 129 (11.91%) PaaS
24 129 (11.91%) Scrum
25 127 (11.73%) TDD
26 126 (11.63%) Ansible
27 125 (11.54%) AWS Lambda
28 124 (11.45%) PowerShell
29 123 (11.36%) Test Automation

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (2.86%) BizTalk Server
2 30 (2.77%) Apache Spark
3 29 (2.68%) Apache
3 29 (2.68%) IIS
4 28 (2.59%) Confluence
5 23 (2.12%) Elasticsearch
6 22 (2.03%) Apache Airflow
7 13 (1.20%) nginx
8 11 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
9 7 (0.65%) Apache Pig
9 7 (0.65%) OpenStack
10 6 (0.55%) SharePoint
10 6 (0.55%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.28%) IBM Domino
11 3 (0.28%) JBoss
11 3 (0.28%) Mule
12 2 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.18%) Apache Solr
12 2 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.18%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 7 (0.65%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.092%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.18%) Aligne
2 2 (0.18%) Endur
2 2 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.092%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 596 (55.03%) AWS
2 537 (49.58%) Azure
3 211 (19.48%) GCP
4 195 (18.01%) Serverless
5 129 (11.91%) PaaS
6 125 (11.54%) AWS Lambda
7 116 (10.71%) AWS CloudFormation
8 110 (10.16%) SaaS
9 101 (9.33%) IaaS
10 89 (8.22%) GitHub
11 73 (6.74%) Azure Active Directory
12 52 (4.80%) Azure Functions
13 50 (4.62%) Amazon S3
14 48 (4.43%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 47 (4.34%) Amazon SQS
16 37 (3.42%) Cloud Computing
17 34 (3.14%) Amazon EKS
18 33 (3.05%) Microsoft 365
19 32 (2.95%) Azure Logic Apps
19 32 (2.95%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 49 (4.52%) Firewall
2 32 (2.95%) Network Security
3 23 (2.12%) DNS
4 18 (1.66%) BGP
5 16 (1.48%) VPN
6 14 (1.29%) EIGRP
7 12 (1.11%) DHCP
8 11 (1.02%) HTTP
8 11 (1.02%) WAN
9 9 (0.83%) Internet
10 7 (0.65%) NetScaler
11 6 (0.55%) SSL
12 5 (0.46%) 5G
12 5 (0.46%) FTP
13 4 (0.37%) 2G
13 4 (0.37%) Software-Defined Networking
13 4 (0.37%) TCP/IP
14 3 (0.28%) LAN
14 3 (0.28%) NAS
14 3 (0.28%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (8.13%) PostgreSQL
2 87 (8.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 67 (6.19%) SQL Server
4 65 (6.00%) MongoDB
5 62 (5.72%) NoSQL
6 59 (5.45%) Big Data
7 39 (3.60%) Azure SQL Database
7 39 (3.60%) Data Lake
8 29 (2.68%) Hadoop
9 28 (2.59%) Amazon RDS
9 28 (2.59%) Relational Database
10 26 (2.40%) Amazon Redshift
10 26 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
11 24 (2.22%) MySQL
12 21 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
12 21 (1.94%) BigQuery
13 18 (1.66%) Power BI
14 15 (1.39%) Amazon Athena
15 12 (1.11%) Metadata
16 11 (1.02%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 167 (15.42%) Jenkins
2 132 (12.19%) Git (software)
3 61 (5.63%) Gradle
4 59 (5.45%) JIRA
5 55 (5.08%) GitLab
6 48 (4.43%) SonarQube
7 46 (4.25%) TeamCity
8 41 (3.79%) Sonatype Nexus
9 40 (3.69%) Selenium
10 38 (3.51%) Maven
11 34 (3.14%) Cucumber
12 30 (2.77%) Robot Framework
13 23 (2.12%) CircleCI
14 19 (1.75%) Artifactory
15 16 (1.48%) Bitbucket
16 15 (1.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 15 (1.39%) ERwin
17 11 (1.02%) JUnit
17 11 (1.02%) webpack
18 9 (0.83%) Cypress.io
General
1 187 (17.27%) Social Skills
2 185 (17.08%) Finance
3 76 (7.02%) Banking
4 63 (5.82%) Public Sector
5 54 (4.99%) Analytical Skills
6 44 (4.06%) Front Office
7 42 (3.88%) Presentation Skills
8 26 (2.40%) Retail
9 23 (2.12%) Back Office
10 20 (1.85%) Telecoms
11 18 (1.66%) Financial Institution
12 17 (1.57%) Legal
13 16 (1.48%) Billing
14 13 (1.20%) Influencing Skills
14 13 (1.20%) Investment Banking
15 8 (0.74%) Documentation Skills
15 8 (0.74%) Games
15 8 (0.74%) Manufacturing
16 7 (0.65%) Marketing
17 6 (0.55%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 310 (28.62%) Architect
2 191 (17.64%) Developer
3 119 (10.99%) DevOps Engineer
4 109 (10.06%) Solutions Architect
5 105 (9.70%) Cloud Engineer
6 92 (8.49%) AWS Engineer
7 84 (7.76%) Cloud Architect
8 78 (7.20%) Azure Architect
9 65 (6.00%) Azure Engineer
10 54 (4.99%) Java Developer
11 50 (4.62%) Java Engineer
12 45 (4.16%) Full Stack Developer
13 42 (3.88%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 41 (3.79%) AWS Architect
15 39 (3.60%) Data Engineer
16 37 (3.42%) Site Engineer
17 35 (3.23%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 35 (3.23%) Senior Java Engineer
18 32 (2.95%) Technical Architect
19 31 (2.86%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 138 (12.74%) Kafka
2 105 (9.70%) React
3 100 (9.23%) Node.js
4 90 (8.31%) .NET
5 80 (7.39%) Spring
6 71 (6.56%) REST
7 59 (5.45%) CSS
7 59 (5.45%) Spring Boot
8 58 (5.36%) HTML
9 55 (5.08%) JSON
10 49 (4.52%) gRPC
11 46 (4.25%) .NET Core
12 42 (3.88%) RESTful
13 40 (3.69%) AngularJS
14 29 (2.68%) Web Services
15 22 (2.03%) XML
16 21 (1.94%) HTML5
17 20 (1.85%) SOAP
18 19 (1.75%) ADO
18 19 (1.75%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 111 (10.25%) Public Cloud
2 44 (4.06%) Legacy Systems
3 43 (3.97%) Hybrid Cloud
4 34 (3.14%) Greenfield Project
5 31 (2.86%) Private Cloud
6 30 (2.77%) User Experience
7 29 (2.68%) Data Centre
8 25 (2.31%) Enterprise Software
9 23 (2.12%) Management Information System
10 18 (1.66%) Data Structures
10 18 (1.66%) Legacy Applications
11 17 (1.57%) Credit Risk
11 17 (1.57%) Robotics
12 16 (1.48%) Blog
13 15 (1.39%) Mobile App
14 14 (1.29%) Hedge funds
15 13 (1.20%) Data Protection Act
16 12 (1.11%) Algorithms
16 12 (1.11%) Virtual Team
17 9 (0.83%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 119 (10.99%) Linux
2 90 (8.31%) Windows
3 84 (7.76%) Unix
4 32 (2.95%) Windows Server
5 14 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (0.74%) Android
7 6 (0.55%) Debian
8 5 (0.46%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.37%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.37%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (0.28%) CentOS
11 2 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.092%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 558 (51.52%) DevOps
2 404 (37.30%) Agile Software Development
3 399 (36.84%) Microservices
4 238 (21.98%) Infrastructure as Code
5 169 (15.60%) Software Engineering
6 163 (15.05%) Migration
7 129 (11.91%) Scrum
8 127 (11.73%) TDD
9 123 (11.36%) Test Automation
10 115 (10.62%) SDLC
11 108 (9.97%) Full Stack Development
12 96 (8.86%) Analytics
13 85 (7.85%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 79 (7.29%) Problem-Solving
15 75 (6.93%) Open Source
16 70 (6.46%) Configuration Management
16 70 (6.46%) Continuous Delivery
16 70 (6.46%) Continuous Integration
17 63 (5.82%) Machine Learning
17 63 (5.82%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 274 (25.30%) Python
2 251 (23.18%) Java
3 147 (13.57%) JavaScript
4 134 (12.37%) SQL
5 124 (11.45%) PowerShell
6 97 (8.96%) Bash
7 86 (7.94%) Go
8 84 (7.76%) C#
9 70 (6.46%) TypeScript
10 35 (3.23%) C++
11 34 (3.14%) PL/SQL
11 34 (3.14%) Ruby
12 29 (2.68%) T-SQL
13 27 (2.49%) Scala
14 25 (2.31%) C
15 18 (1.66%) Perl
16 17 (1.57%) Shell Script
17 16 (1.48%) Kotlin
18 15 (1.39%) Groovy
19 12 (1.11%) PHP
Qualifications
1 93 (8.59%) Security Cleared
2 72 (6.65%) SC Cleared
3 41 (3.79%) AWS Certification
4 25 (2.31%) Cisco Certification
5 19 (1.75%) Degree
6 15 (1.39%) CCNP
7 14 (1.29%) BPSS Clearance
7 14 (1.29%) CISSP
8 12 (1.11%) DV Cleared
9 11 (1.02%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 9 (0.83%) CCSP
10 9 (0.83%) GIAC
11 6 (0.55%) Computer Science Degree
12 4 (0.37%) AAT
12 4 (0.37%) CISM
12 4 (0.37%) ISEB
12 4 (0.37%) TOGAF Certification
13 3 (0.28%) CCIE
13 3 (0.28%) Master's Degree
14 2 (0.18%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (3.88%) QA
2 32 (2.95%) GDPR
3 14 (1.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (0.83%) Accessibility
4 9 (0.83%) SLA
5 6 (0.55%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.46%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.46%) NIST
7 3 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.28%) HIPAA
7 3 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.18%) JSP 440
8 2 (0.18%) RMADS
9 1 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 1 (0.092%) PMO
9 1 (0.092%) SOC 2
System Software
1 269 (24.84%) Docker
2 92 (8.49%) Active Directory
3 29 (2.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (2.12%) Hyper-V
5 17 (1.57%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (1.02%) Microsoft App-V
7 7 (0.65%) HDFS
7 7 (0.65%) vCloud
8 5 (0.46%) VMware NSX
9 4 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.37%) XenApp
10 3 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (0.18%) vSphere
12 1 (0.092%) zsh
Systems Management
1 397 (36.66%) Kubernetes
2 346 (31.95%) Terraform
3 126 (11.63%) Ansible
4 54 (4.99%) Puppet
5 35 (3.23%) Grafana
6 30 (2.77%) Istio
6 30 (2.77%) Prometheus
7 26 (2.40%) Opscode Chef
8 23 (2.12%) Netcool
9 12 (1.11%) Consul
10 8 (0.74%) HP Fortify
11 7 (0.65%) Kibana
11 7 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (0.55%) CASB
12 6 (0.55%) Packer
12 6 (0.55%) vRealize
13 5 (0.46%) Salt
14 4 (0.37%) Kustomize
14 4 (0.37%) Rancher
15 2 (0.18%) Active Directory Federation Services
Vendors
1 140 (12.93%) Microsoft
2 90 (8.31%) Google
3 89 (8.22%) Oracle
4 43 (3.97%) Splunk
5 41 (3.79%) VMware
6 34 (3.14%) MuleSoft
7 33 (3.05%) Cloudera
8 26 (2.40%) AppDynamics
9 25 (2.31%) New Relic
9 25 (2.31%) SAP
10 22 (2.03%) Databricks
10 22 (2.03%) Red Hat
11 19 (1.75%) Atlassian
12 15 (1.39%) Cisco
12 15 (1.39%) ServiceNow
13 13 (1.20%) Citrix
13 13 (1.20%) Informatica
14 11 (1.02%) Cadence
15 10 (0.92%) Confluent
15 10 (0.92%) Dell