Period
to 17 July 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 17 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 462 666 749
Rank change year-on-year +204 +83 +138
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 420 229 108
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.22% 0.11%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.40% 0.68% 0.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 298 171 66
UK median daily rate £600 £550 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.09% -8.33% -4.00%
10th Percentile £419 £415 £394
90th Percentile £713 £694 £691
UK excluding London median daily rate £581 £550 £500
% change year-on-year +5.78% +9.90% -33.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 29,962 33,477 31,397
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.28% 32.30% 33.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,322 21,598 20,293
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £275 £270 £263
90th Percentile £665 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +3.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,060 1,068 1,074
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £21.63 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.20% +8.13% -4.37%
10th Percentile £11.60 £11.81 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.70 £20.53 £19.00
% change year-on-year -8.91% +8.05% -5.59%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cloud Native.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +184 371 £600 +9.09% 134
London +120 215 £600 +4.35% 73
UK excluding London +123 195 £581 +5.78% 79
South East +44 54 £520 -5.37% 12
South West - 43 £644 - 2
North of England +60 41 £650 +55.22% 29
Scotland +47 30 £450 +9.09% 10
Yorkshire +37 19 £538 +13.16% 8
North West +36 17 £650 +79.31% 19
Midlands +15 11 £525 -16.00% 16
Wales +5 10 £725 +31.82% 5
West Midlands +24 9 £525 -19.23% 8
North East - 6 £650 - 2
East of England +7 4 £511 -19.80% 2
East Midlands +19 2 £600 +41.18% 8
Northern Ireland - 2 £400 - 3

For the 6 months to 17 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 261 (62.14%) Amazon AWS
2 249 (59.29%) DevOps
3 196 (46.67%) Agile Software Development
4 157 (37.38%) Microservices
5 156 (37.14%) Microsoft Azure
6 132 (31.43%) Terraform
7 119 (28.33%) Jenkins
8 114 (27.14%) Java
9 110 (26.19%) Docker
10 108 (25.71%) Ansible
11 100 (23.81%) Kubernetes
12 93 (22.14%) Linux
13 90 (21.43%) Google Cloud Platform
14 88 (20.95%) Node.js
15 87 (20.71%) Git (software)
16 82 (19.52%) JavaScript
17 79 (18.81%) Python
18 72 (17.14%) .NET
18 72 (17.14%) Finance
19 62 (14.76%) JIRA
20 59 (14.05%) Serverless
21 58 (13.81%) Scrum
22 57 (13.57%) SQL
23 56 (13.33%) Configuration Management
24 51 (12.14%) Banking
24 51 (12.14%) Continuous Integration
25 50 (11.90%) Public Cloud
26 49 (11.67%) Bash Shell
26 49 (11.67%) Migration
27 48 (11.43%) Microsoft

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (7.86%) Confluence
2 22 (5.24%) Apache Spark
3 16 (3.81%) Apache
4 11 (2.62%) Elasticsearch
5 7 (1.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 6 (1.43%) Apache Pig
7 5 (1.19%) IIS
7 5 (1.19%) nginx
8 3 (0.71%) Anypoint
8 3 (0.71%) JBoss
8 3 (0.71%) Mule
8 3 (0.71%) OpenStack
8 3 (0.71%) Oracle HTTP Server
8 3 (0.71%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.48%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.24%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.24%) Jupyter
10 1 (0.24%) Mule ESB
10 1 (0.24%) SAS
Applications
1 5 (1.19%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 7 (1.67%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.95%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.71%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.24%) BusinessWorks
Cloud Services
1 261 (62.14%) Amazon AWS
2 156 (37.14%) Microsoft Azure
3 90 (21.43%) Google Cloud Platform
4 59 (14.05%) Serverless
5 46 (10.95%) PaaS
6 40 (9.52%) AWS Lambda
7 38 (9.05%) Amazon ECS
8 37 (8.81%) AWS CloudFormation
9 34 (8.10%) Amazon EC2
10 33 (7.86%) Amazon S3
11 30 (7.14%) GitHub
12 29 (6.90%) IaaS
12 29 (6.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 28 (6.67%) SaaS
14 27 (6.43%) Route 53
15 26 (6.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 23 (5.48%) CloudFront
17 22 (5.24%) Amazon EKS
18 14 (3.33%) OpenShift
19 12 (2.86%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 20 (4.76%) Internet
2 9 (2.14%) Firewall
3 8 (1.90%) HTTP
3 8 (1.90%) VPN
4 4 (0.95%) DNS
4 4 (0.95%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.95%) WAN
5 3 (0.71%) SSL
6 2 (0.48%) AMQP
6 2 (0.48%) LAN
6 2 (0.48%) Skype
7 1 (0.24%) 3G
7 1 (0.24%) 4G
7 1 (0.24%) BGP
7 1 (0.24%) Diameter Protocol
7 1 (0.24%) DMZ
7 1 (0.24%) MPLS
7 1 (0.24%) NAS
7 1 (0.24%) SAN
7 1 (0.24%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (10.95%) Big Data
2 30 (7.14%) NoSQL
3 21 (5.00%) Amazon RDS
4 16 (3.81%) MongoDB
5 15 (3.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 14 (3.33%) SQL Server
7 13 (3.10%) Hadoop
8 12 (2.86%) Apache Cassandra
8 12 (2.86%) HBase
9 10 (2.38%) PostgreSQL
10 9 (2.14%) Apache Hive
10 9 (2.14%) Azure SQL Database
10 9 (2.14%) Relational Database
11 8 (1.90%) Cosmos DB
12 6 (1.43%) Blockchain
13 5 (1.19%) BigQuery
14 4 (0.95%) Data Lake
14 4 (0.95%) MySQL
15 3 (0.71%) RDBMS
15 3 (0.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 119 (28.33%) Jenkins
2 87 (20.71%) Git (software)
3 62 (14.76%) JIRA
4 28 (6.67%) Sonatype Nexus
5 25 (5.95%) Artifactory
6 22 (5.24%) CircleCI
7 12 (2.86%) GitLab
7 12 (2.86%) Travis CI
8 10 (2.38%) Maven
9 9 (2.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 9 (2.14%) JUnit
9 9 (2.14%) Selenium
10 8 (1.90%) SonarQube
10 8 (1.90%) Visual Studio Team System
11 7 (1.67%) Cucumber
11 7 (1.67%) JMeter
11 7 (1.67%) TeamCity
12 6 (1.43%) Bitbucket
12 6 (1.43%) Subversion
13 5 (1.19%) FindBugs
General
1 72 (17.14%) Finance
2 51 (12.14%) Banking
3 11 (2.62%) Games
4 8 (1.90%) Law
4 8 (1.90%) Retail
4 8 (1.90%) Telecoms
5 6 (1.43%) Investment Banking
6 4 (0.95%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.48%) Billing
7 2 (0.48%) Front Office
7 2 (0.48%) Legal
7 2 (0.48%) Publishing
8 1 (0.24%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.24%) Electronics
8 1 (0.24%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.24%) International Banking
8 1 (0.24%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 112 (26.67%) Architect
2 106 (25.24%) Developer
3 93 (22.14%) DevOps Engineer
4 49 (11.67%) Cloud Architect
5 46 (10.95%) AWS Engineer
6 37 (8.81%) Java Developer
7 31 (7.38%) AWS DevOps
7 31 (7.38%) Cloud Engineer
8 30 (7.14%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 27 (6.43%) Solutions Architect
10 20 (4.76%) Full Stack Developer
11 18 (4.29%) Cloud Developer
12 17 (4.05%) AWS Architect
12 17 (4.05%) React Developer
13 16 (3.81%) Senior Developer
13 16 (3.81%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 15 (3.57%) AWS Developer
15 14 (3.33%) .NET Developer
15 14 (3.33%) Azure Architect
15 14 (3.33%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 88 (20.95%) Node.js
2 72 (17.14%) .NET
3 41 (9.76%) RESTful
4 40 (9.52%) Kafka
5 38 (9.05%) Spring
6 33 (7.86%) React
7 28 (6.67%) Spring Boot
8 26 (6.19%) Web Services
9 23 (5.48%) AngularJS
10 22 (5.24%) .NET Core
11 19 (4.52%) REST
12 18 (4.29%) Middleware
13 17 (4.05%) React Native
14 14 (3.33%) JSON
15 12 (2.86%) CSS
16 11 (2.62%) HTML
16 11 (2.62%) OAuth
17 8 (1.90%) OAuth2
18 7 (1.67%) Redux
18 7 (1.67%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 50 (11.90%) Public Cloud
2 38 (9.05%) Analytical Skills
3 29 (6.90%) Hybrid Cloud
4 26 (6.19%) Greenfield Project
5 24 (5.71%) Enterprise Software
6 22 (5.24%) Data Centre
7 15 (3.57%) Analytical Mindset
8 14 (3.33%) Linux Command Line
8 14 (3.33%) PKI
9 12 (2.86%) User Experience
10 7 (1.67%) Enterprise Cloud
10 7 (1.67%) N-Tier
11 6 (1.43%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 6 (1.43%) Mobile App
11 6 (1.43%) Private Cloud
11 6 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (1.43%) Virtual Team
12 3 (0.71%) BYOD
12 3 (0.71%) Clustering
13 2 (0.48%) Industrial Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 93 (22.14%) Linux
2 24 (5.71%) CentOS
3 23 (5.48%) Unix
4 20 (4.76%) CoreOS
5 18 (4.29%) Windows
6 12 (2.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (2.14%) Windows Server
8 6 (1.43%) Android
9 4 (0.95%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.95%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.24%) AIX
10 1 (0.24%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.24%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 249 (59.29%) DevOps
2 196 (46.67%) Agile Software Development
3 157 (37.38%) Microservices
4 58 (13.81%) Scrum
5 56 (13.33%) Configuration Management
6 51 (12.14%) Continuous Integration
7 49 (11.67%) Migration
8 47 (11.19%) Software Engineering
9 44 (10.48%) Fintech
9 44 (10.48%) Infrastructure as Code
9 44 (10.48%) Problem-Solving
10 39 (9.29%) Kanban
11 36 (8.57%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 33 (7.86%) Infrastructure Automation
12 33 (7.86%) Task Automation
13 32 (7.62%) Open Source
14 31 (7.38%) Continuous Improvement
14 31 (7.38%) Test Automation
15 29 (6.90%) Continuous Delivery
16 28 (6.67%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 114 (27.14%) Java
2 82 (19.52%) JavaScript
3 79 (18.81%) Python
4 57 (13.57%) SQL
5 49 (11.67%) Bash Shell
6 39 (9.29%) C#
7 35 (8.33%) Go
8 21 (5.00%) Rust
9 17 (4.05%) Java 8
10 15 (3.57%) PowerShell
11 14 (3.33%) Ruby
12 8 (1.90%) TypeScript
13 7 (1.67%) C
14 6 (1.43%) C++
15 4 (0.95%) R
16 3 (0.71%) ES6
16 3 (0.71%) Groovy
17 2 (0.48%) Kotlin
17 2 (0.48%) Scala
18 1 (0.24%) Perl
Qualifications
1 38 (9.05%) Security Cleared
2 31 (7.38%) AWS Certification
3 27 (6.43%) SC Cleared
4 24 (5.71%) Degree
5 5 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (0.95%) CISSP
6 4 (0.95%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.71%) SANS
8 2 (0.48%) BC Cleared
8 2 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.48%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.48%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.24%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 1 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.24%) GIAC
9 1 (0.24%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.38%) GDPR
2 7 (1.67%) QA
3 3 (0.71%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.48%) NCSC
4 2 (0.48%) NIST
4 2 (0.48%) PSD2
5 1 (0.24%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 110 (26.19%) Docker
2 14 (3.33%) VMware Infrastructure
3 12 (2.86%) Active Directory
4 7 (1.67%) HDFS
5 6 (1.43%) Hyper-V
5 6 (1.43%) Microsoft App-V
5 6 (1.43%) XenApp
6 5 (1.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.95%) Postfix
8 2 (0.48%) vCloud
8 2 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.24%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.24%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 132 (31.43%) Terraform
2 108 (25.71%) Ansible
3 100 (23.81%) Kubernetes
4 46 (10.95%) Opscode Chef
5 45 (10.71%) Puppet
6 17 (4.05%) Salt
7 10 (2.38%) Packer
8 9 (2.14%) Grafana
9 8 (1.90%) Prometheus
10 6 (1.43%) Oozie
11 4 (0.95%) yum
12 3 (0.71%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 3 (0.71%) Kibana
13 2 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
14 1 (0.24%) Consul
14 1 (0.24%) EMC NetWorker
14 1 (0.24%) FortiGate
14 1 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
14 1 (0.24%) HP SiteScope
14 1 (0.24%) SCCM
Vendors
1 48 (11.43%) Microsoft
2 43 (10.24%) Google
3 27 (6.43%) Atlassian
3 27 (6.43%) Oracle
4 21 (5.00%) Veracode
5 15 (3.57%) VMware
6 11 (2.62%) Splunk
7 9 (2.14%) Red Hat
8 8 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
9 7 (1.67%) Citrix
9 7 (1.67%) Cloudera
9 7 (1.67%) IBM
9 7 (1.67%) Sparx
10 6 (1.43%) Rackspace
11 5 (1.19%) MuleSoft
11 5 (1.19%) SAP
12 4 (0.95%) Ping Identity
13 3 (0.71%) Databricks
13 3 (0.71%) Dell
13 3 (0.71%) Okta