Period
to 2 June 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 2 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
2 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 367 462 708
Rank change year-on-year +95 +246 +61
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 252 425 186
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.55% 0.47% 0.18%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.70% 1.46% 0.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 154 319 146
Median daily rate £550 £600 £563
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.33% +6.67% -6.25%
10th Percentile £419 £419 £419
90th Percentile £763 £713 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £529 £600 £550
% change year-on-year -11.88% +9.19% -8.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 14,800 29,033 32,863
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.52% 32.03% 32.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,078 18,601 21,356
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £250 £281 £268
90th Percentile £700 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £403
% change year-on-year - +5.59% +0.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 719 1,008 1,033
Median hourly rate £30.00 £20.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +46.34% -6.82% +10.58%
10th Percentile £13.04 £11.75 £11.80
90th Percentile £54.00 £51.25 £50.73
Median hourly rate £22.39 £18.35 £21.50
% change year-on-year +22.06% -14.67% +19.44%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 2 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 2 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +108 239 £563 -6.25% 61
London +130 173 £575 -4.17% 32
UK excluding London +81 76 £529 -11.88% 32
North of England +78 28 £420 -35.38% 9
South East +91 20 £550 +4.76% 12
North West +55 15 £420 -35.38% 2
Midlands +82 13 £475 -9.52%
Scotland +45 12 £425 -26.09% 1
East Midlands +54 10 £450 -4.76%
Yorkshire +69 9 £413 -21.43% 4
Work from Home +9 9 £693 +18.38% 15
North East +24 4 - - 3
West Midlands +61 3 £533 +1.43%
South West +10 2 £525 -17.65% 7
East of England +58 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 2 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 160 (63.49%) AWS
2 113 (44.84%) DevOps
3 108 (42.86%) Azure
4 98 (38.89%) Kubernetes
5 96 (38.10%) Agile Software Development
6 85 (33.73%) Microservices
7 75 (29.76%) Terraform
8 74 (29.37%) Docker
9 71 (28.17%) Python
10 61 (24.21%) Java
11 59 (23.41%) .NET
12 56 (22.22%) Git (software)
13 53 (21.03%) Node.js
14 52 (20.63%) Serverless
15 50 (19.84%) JavaScript
16 49 (19.44%) SQL
17 47 (18.65%) Linux
17 47 (18.65%) Finance
17 47 (18.65%) Jenkins
18 46 (18.25%) GCP
19 41 (16.27%) AWS CloudFormation
20 40 (15.87%) Security Cleared
21 39 (15.48%) Ansible
22 38 (15.08%) SC Cleared
22 38 (15.08%) C#
22 38 (15.08%) Microsoft
23 37 (14.68%) Infrastructure as Code
24 36 (14.29%) Windows
24 36 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
25 33 (13.10%) NoSQL

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (5.16%) Cloud Foundry
2 10 (3.97%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (3.17%) Apache Spark
3 8 (3.17%) Confluence
4 6 (2.38%) Apache
5 2 (0.79%) Apache Pig
5 2 (0.79%) OpenStack
5 2 (0.79%) SAS
5 2 (0.79%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.40%) BizTalk Server
6 1 (0.40%) IIS
6 1 (0.40%) Mule
6 1 (0.40%) Sonic ESB
6 1 (0.40%) WildFly
Applications
1 2 (0.79%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (0.79%) Oracle Applications
2 1 (0.40%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 160 (63.49%) AWS
2 108 (42.86%) Azure
3 52 (20.63%) Serverless
4 46 (18.25%) GCP
5 41 (16.27%) AWS CloudFormation
6 27 (10.71%) AWS Lambda
6 27 (10.71%) PaaS
7 23 (9.13%) GitHub
7 23 (9.13%) SaaS
8 19 (7.54%) Amazon ECS
9 18 (7.14%) Amazon S3
9 18 (7.14%) IaaS
10 17 (6.75%) Amazon EKS
11 16 (6.35%) Amazon EC2
11 16 (6.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 10 (3.97%) Apigee
13 9 (3.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 9 (3.57%) Azure Active Directory
13 9 (3.57%) Azure Functions
13 9 (3.57%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 10 (3.97%) DNS
2 5 (1.98%) Kerberos
3 4 (1.59%) OpenVPN
4 3 (1.19%) 3GPP
4 3 (1.19%) 5G
4 3 (1.19%) FCAPS
4 3 (1.19%) Intrusion Detection
4 3 (1.19%) VPN
5 2 (0.79%) DHCP
5 2 (0.79%) Firewall
5 2 (0.79%) Network Security
5 2 (0.79%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.40%) DMZ
6 1 (0.40%) Internet
6 1 (0.40%) Intranet
6 1 (0.40%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (13.10%) NoSQL
2 20 (7.94%) MongoDB
3 19 (7.54%) SQL Server
4 18 (7.14%) Big Data
4 18 (7.14%) Relational Database
5 16 (6.35%) Hadoop
6 14 (5.56%) MySQL
7 10 (3.97%) Cosmos DB
8 9 (3.57%) Redis
9 8 (3.17%) Amazon RDS
9 8 (3.17%) Apache Cassandra
9 8 (3.17%) Azure SQL Database
9 8 (3.17%) PostgreSQL
10 7 (2.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 7 (2.78%) Data Lake
10 7 (2.78%) Data Warehouse
11 6 (2.38%) SAP HANA
12 5 (1.98%) Flink
12 5 (1.98%) HBase
12 5 (1.98%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 56 (22.22%) Git (software)
2 47 (18.65%) Jenkins
3 29 (11.51%) JIRA
4 23 (9.13%) GitLab
5 20 (7.94%) Artifactory
6 11 (4.37%) Sonatype Nexus
7 10 (3.97%) Visual Studio
8 9 (3.57%) CircleCI
9 8 (3.17%) Subversion
10 7 (2.78%) Snyk
11 6 (2.38%) Babel
11 6 (2.38%) webpack
12 5 (1.98%) TeamCity
13 4 (1.59%) Maven
13 4 (1.59%) Visual Studio Team System
14 3 (1.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 2 (0.79%) Bitbucket
15 2 (0.79%) Team Foundation Server
16 1 (0.40%) Cucumber
16 1 (0.40%) SonarQube
General
1 47 (18.65%) Finance
2 33 (13.10%) Public Sector
3 15 (5.95%) Banking
4 8 (3.17%) Manufacturing
5 7 (2.78%) Front Office
5 7 (2.78%) Retail
6 5 (1.98%) Telecoms
7 3 (1.19%) Automotive
8 2 (0.79%) Back Office
8 2 (0.79%) Police
9 1 (0.40%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.40%) Games
9 1 (0.40%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 78 (30.95%) Developer
2 64 (25.40%) Architect
3 31 (12.30%) DevOps Engineer
4 28 (11.11%) AWS Engineer
5 24 (9.52%) Cloud Engineer
6 23 (9.13%) Solutions Architect
7 22 (8.73%) Cloud Architect
8 21 (8.33%) AWS Architect
9 19 (7.54%) AWS Developer
10 18 (7.14%) .NET Developer
11 16 (6.35%) Senior Developer
12 13 (5.16%) Full Stack Developer
12 13 (5.16%) Platform Engineer
12 13 (5.16%) Python Engineer
12 13 (5.16%) Senior DevOps
12 13 (5.16%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 12 (4.76%) Azure Developer
14 11 (4.37%) Cloud Developer
15 10 (3.97%) C# Developer
15 10 (3.97%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (23.41%) .NET
2 53 (21.03%) Node.js
3 25 (9.92%) Kafka
3 25 (9.92%) REST
4 24 (9.52%) CSS
5 23 (9.13%) React
6 21 (8.33%) AngularJS
6 21 (8.33%) Web Services
7 20 (7.94%) HTML
8 19 (7.54%) Spring
9 16 (6.35%) RESTful
10 14 (5.56%) Spring Boot
11 13 (5.16%) .NET Core
11 13 (5.16%) GraphQL
12 11 (4.37%) .NET Framework
12 11 (4.37%) HTML5
13 10 (3.97%) Vue.js
14 9 (3.57%) Elastic Stack
14 9 (3.57%) Swagger
15 8 (3.17%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 27 (10.71%) Public Cloud
2 17 (6.75%) Greenfield Project
3 15 (5.95%) User Experience
4 10 (3.97%) Hybrid Cloud
5 9 (3.57%) Analytical Skills
5 9 (3.57%) Data Centre
6 7 (2.78%) Management Information System
6 7 (2.78%) PKI
7 6 (2.38%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (2.38%) Mobile App
8 5 (1.98%) Hedge funds
8 5 (1.98%) Linux Command Line
9 4 (1.59%) Derivative
9 4 (1.59%) Fixed Income
10 3 (1.19%) Algorithms
10 3 (1.19%) Data Structures
10 3 (1.19%) Private Cloud
11 2 (0.79%) Blog
11 2 (0.79%) Industry 4.0
11 2 (0.79%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 47 (18.65%) Linux
2 36 (14.29%) Windows
3 9 (3.57%) CentOS
3 9 (3.57%) CoreOS
3 9 (3.57%) Unix
3 9 (3.57%) Windows Server
4 3 (1.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.79%) AIX
5 2 (0.79%) Debian
5 2 (0.79%) SUSE
5 2 (0.79%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.40%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
6 1 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
6 1 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 113 (44.84%) DevOps
2 96 (38.10%) Agile Software Development
3 85 (33.73%) Microservices
4 37 (14.68%) Infrastructure as Code
5 36 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
6 28 (11.11%) Test Automation
7 26 (10.32%) Open Source
7 26 (10.32%) Scrum
8 24 (9.52%) Continuous Delivery
8 24 (9.52%) The Twelve-Factor App
9 23 (9.13%) TDD
10 22 (8.73%) Analytics
11 20 (7.94%) Pair Programming
11 20 (7.94%) Software Engineering
12 19 (7.54%) Deployment Automation
12 19 (7.54%) Migration
13 17 (6.75%) Machine Learning
13 17 (6.75%) Observability
14 16 (6.35%) Infrastructure Automation
15 15 (5.95%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 71 (28.17%) Python
2 61 (24.21%) Java
3 50 (19.84%) JavaScript
4 49 (19.44%) SQL
5 38 (15.08%) C#
6 24 (9.52%) PowerShell
7 23 (9.13%) Bash Shell
8 21 (8.33%) Go
9 14 (5.56%) TypeScript
10 12 (4.76%) R
11 9 (3.57%) Rust
11 9 (3.57%) Shell Script
12 7 (2.78%) Groovy
13 6 (2.38%) C++
13 6 (2.38%) Ruby
14 5 (1.98%) ES6
15 4 (1.59%) Perl
15 4 (1.59%) PHP
16 3 (1.19%) C
16 3 (1.19%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 40 (15.87%) Security Cleared
2 38 (15.08%) SC Cleared
3 6 (2.38%) CISSP
4 4 (1.59%) DV Cleared
5 3 (1.19%) CCNA
5 3 (1.19%) CCNP
5 3 (1.19%) CCSP
5 3 (1.19%) CEH
5 3 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
5 3 (1.19%) CISMP
5 3 (1.19%) Degree
6 2 (0.79%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.40%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 1 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.40%) GIAC
7 1 (0.40%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.40%) MCSA
7 1 (0.40%) MCSE
7 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.40%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.19%) NIST
1 3 (1.19%) QA
2 2 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (0.79%) SLA
3 1 (0.40%) COBIT
3 1 (0.40%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.40%) GDPR
3 1 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 1 (0.40%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.40%) PSD2
System Software
1 74 (29.37%) Docker
2 10 (3.97%) Active Directory
2 10 (3.97%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (1.98%) vSphere
4 4 (1.59%) Hyper-V
4 4 (1.59%) Microsoft App-V
4 4 (1.59%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (1.59%) XenApp
5 1 (0.40%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
5 1 (0.40%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 98 (38.89%) Kubernetes
2 75 (29.76%) Terraform
3 39 (15.48%) Ansible
4 8 (3.17%) Puppet
5 7 (2.78%) Kibana
6 6 (2.38%) logstash
7 5 (1.98%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (1.98%) Prometheus
8 3 (1.19%) CSIRT
8 3 (1.19%) Grafana
8 3 (1.19%) QRadar
8 3 (1.19%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.79%) Istio
9 2 (0.79%) Nessus
10 1 (0.40%) SCCM
10 1 (0.40%) SCOM
Vendors
1 38 (15.08%) Microsoft
2 19 (7.54%) Google
3 16 (6.35%) Oracle
4 11 (4.37%) VMware
5 10 (3.97%) SAP
6 9 (3.57%) Confluent
6 9 (3.57%) Veracode
7 5 (1.98%) Red Hat
7 5 (1.98%) Splunk
8 4 (1.59%) Atlassian
8 4 (1.59%) Citrix
8 4 (1.59%) Salesforce.com
9 3 (1.19%) BiZZdesign
9 3 (1.19%) Tableau
10 2 (0.79%) Adobe
10 2 (0.79%) Alteryx
10 2 (0.79%) Cloudera
10 2 (0.79%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.79%) New Relic
10 2 (0.79%) ServiceNow