Period
to 21 January 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 447 526 793
Rank change year-on-year +79 +267 +43
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 308 396 103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.42% 0.40% 0.10%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.36% 1.24% 0.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 183 258 81
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £425 £413 £406
90th Percentile £768 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £518 £500
% change year-on-year -3.38% +3.50% +15.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 22,686 31,825 32,559
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.12% 32.20% 32.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,310 20,732 21,611
UK median daily rate £458 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.68% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £250 £275 £260
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,016 994 953
UK median hourly rate £24.12 £20.25 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.13% -3.58% +5.00%
10th Percentile £12.44 £12.01 £11.27
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £48.23
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.43 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +17.13% - +2.28%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cloud Native.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +74 286 £575 +4.55% 159
London +55 179 £600 +9.09% 102
UK excluding London +68 126 £500 -3.38% 66
Midlands +64 37 £500 -1.96% 10
South East +9 27 £550 +2.37% 14
North of England +54 26 £500 +1.01% 23
West Midlands +47 20 £533 +3.90% 6
Scotland +28 20 £444 +4.41% 7
East Midlands +43 17 £450 -2.44% 4
North West +26 14 £466 +24.33% 15
South West +12 12 £613 +22.50% 6
North East +24 7 £500 +5.26% 4
East of England +33 6 £580 -9.73% 5
Yorkshire +36 5 £500 - 4
Wales +18 1 £500 -33.33% 2

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 179 (58.12%) AWS
2 143 (46.43%) DevOps
3 139 (45.13%) Microservices
3 139 (45.13%) Azure
4 119 (38.64%) Kubernetes
5 113 (36.69%) Agile Software Development
6 88 (28.57%) Java
7 82 (26.62%) Docker
7 82 (26.62%) Terraform
8 78 (25.32%) Git (software)
9 74 (24.03%) Node.js
10 71 (23.05%) Python
11 70 (22.73%) .NET
12 65 (21.10%) JavaScript
12 65 (21.10%) Ansible
13 57 (18.51%) Jenkins
13 57 (18.51%) GCP
14 54 (17.53%) Serverless
15 49 (15.91%) Finance
16 47 (15.26%) PaaS
17 45 (14.61%) Microsoft
18 44 (14.29%) Linux
19 43 (13.96%) C#
19 43 (13.96%) Software Engineering
19 43 (13.96%) JIRA
19 43 (13.96%) Security Cleared
19 43 (13.96%) Infrastructure as Code
20 39 (12.66%) The Twelve-Factor App
21 37 (12.01%) Migration
21 37 (12.01%) SaaS

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (8.12%) Cloud Foundry
2 18 (5.84%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (5.19%) Confluence
4 8 (2.60%) Apache
5 5 (1.62%) Apache Spark
5 5 (1.62%) Jupyter
6 3 (0.97%) OpenStack
7 2 (0.65%) JBoss
7 2 (0.65%) nginx
8 1 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
8 1 (0.32%) Apache Pig
8 1 (0.32%) Oracle HTTP Server
8 1 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.32%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.32%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 1 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
1 1 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 179 (58.12%) AWS
2 139 (45.13%) Azure
3 57 (18.51%) GCP
4 54 (17.53%) Serverless
5 47 (15.26%) PaaS
6 37 (12.01%) Amazon S3
6 37 (12.01%) IaaS
6 37 (12.01%) SaaS
7 35 (11.36%) GitHub
8 23 (7.47%) AWS Lambda
9 22 (7.14%) AWS CloudFormation
10 21 (6.82%) Amazon EC2
11 18 (5.84%) Amazon EKS
12 17 (5.52%) Azure Active Directory
13 14 (4.55%) Apigee
14 13 (4.22%) Amazon ECS
14 13 (4.22%) Amazon SQS
15 12 (3.90%) Cloud Computing
15 12 (3.90%) Route 53
16 10 (3.25%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.22%) DNS
2 10 (3.25%) DHCP
3 5 (1.62%) NetScaler
3 5 (1.62%) VPN
4 4 (1.30%) Firewall
4 4 (1.30%) Network Security
5 2 (0.65%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.32%) HTTP
6 1 (0.32%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (10.39%) NoSQL
2 24 (7.79%) Amazon RDS
3 17 (5.52%) Big Data
3 17 (5.52%) MySQL
4 14 (4.55%) MongoDB
5 13 (4.22%) Amazon Redshift
6 11 (3.57%) Apache Cassandra
6 11 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (3.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 10 (3.25%) Relational Database
8 9 (2.92%) SQL Server
9 8 (2.60%) Hadoop
9 8 (2.60%) MariaDB
10 7 (2.27%) Amazon Athena
10 7 (2.27%) Data Lake
11 6 (1.95%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (1.62%) Neo4j
13 4 (1.30%) SAP HANA
14 3 (0.97%) Amazon Aurora
14 3 (0.97%) HBase
Development Applications
1 78 (25.32%) Git (software)
2 57 (18.51%) Jenkins
3 43 (13.96%) JIRA
4 27 (8.77%) Artifactory
5 23 (7.47%) GitLab
6 19 (6.17%) Sonatype Nexus
7 17 (5.52%) CircleCI
8 15 (4.87%) TeamCity
9 11 (3.57%) Octopus Deploy
10 9 (2.92%) Subversion
11 6 (1.95%) Mocha
11 6 (1.95%) Moq
11 6 (1.95%) Travis CI
12 5 (1.62%) Cucumber
12 5 (1.62%) Maven
13 4 (1.30%) Postman
14 3 (0.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 3 (0.97%) Babel
14 3 (0.97%) JUnit
14 3 (0.97%) webpack
General
1 49 (15.91%) Finance
2 28 (9.09%) Public Sector
3 27 (8.77%) Banking
4 7 (2.27%) Back Office
4 7 (2.27%) Front Office
5 3 (0.97%) Automotive
5 3 (0.97%) Manufacturing
5 3 (0.97%) Telecoms
6 2 (0.65%) Advertising
6 2 (0.65%) Financial Institution
6 2 (0.65%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.32%) Billing
7 1 (0.32%) Electronics
7 1 (0.32%) Games
7 1 (0.32%) Legal
7 1 (0.32%) Marketing
7 1 (0.32%) Retail
7 1 (0.32%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 91 (29.55%) Developer
2 59 (19.16%) DevOps Engineer
3 55 (17.86%) Architect
4 34 (11.04%) AWS Engineer
5 25 (8.12%) .NET Developer
6 24 (7.79%) Cloud Engineer
7 23 (7.47%) Cloud Architect
8 22 (7.14%) Java Developer
9 21 (6.82%) Azure Engineer
10 19 (6.17%) AWS DevOps
10 19 (6.17%) Cloud Developer
11 18 (5.84%) Senior Developer
12 16 (5.19%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 15 (4.87%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 14 (4.55%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 14 (4.55%) Software Engineer
15 13 (4.22%) Azure Architect
15 13 (4.22%) Consultant
15 13 (4.22%) Full Stack Developer
15 13 (4.22%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (24.03%) Node.js
2 70 (22.73%) .NET
3 32 (10.39%) Spring
4 28 (9.09%) Spring Boot
5 27 (8.77%) Kafka
6 24 (7.79%) CSS
6 24 (7.79%) HTML
6 24 (7.79%) React
7 23 (7.47%) RESTful
8 22 (7.14%) .NET Core
8 22 (7.14%) Web Services
9 18 (5.84%) .NET Framework
9 18 (5.84%) AngularJS
10 16 (5.19%) OAuth
11 14 (4.55%) YAML
12 12 (3.90%) HTML5
13 9 (2.92%) Redux
14 8 (2.60%) OpenID
14 8 (2.60%) REST
15 7 (2.27%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 23 (7.47%) Greenfield Project
2 16 (5.19%) Hybrid Cloud
3 15 (4.87%) User Experience
4 14 (4.55%) Enterprise Software
5 13 (4.22%) Data Centre
6 12 (3.90%) Public Cloud
7 8 (2.60%) Mobile App
8 7 (2.27%) Algorithms
8 7 (2.27%) Fixed Income
9 6 (1.95%) Data Structures
9 6 (1.95%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 5 (1.62%) Derivative
10 5 (1.62%) Replication
11 4 (1.30%) Analytical Skills
12 3 (0.97%) Hedge funds
12 3 (0.97%) PKI
13 2 (0.65%) FMCG
13 2 (0.65%) Video\Live Streaming
14 1 (0.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 1 (0.32%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 44 (14.29%) Linux
2 19 (6.17%) Windows
3 16 (5.19%) CentOS
3 16 (5.19%) CoreOS
4 14 (4.55%) Unix
5 8 (2.60%) Debian
6 5 (1.62%) Android
6 5 (1.62%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.32%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.32%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 143 (46.43%) DevOps
2 139 (45.13%) Microservices
3 113 (36.69%) Agile Software Development
4 43 (13.96%) Infrastructure as Code
4 43 (13.96%) Software Engineering
5 39 (12.66%) The Twelve-Factor App
6 37 (12.01%) Migration
7 36 (11.69%) Test Automation
8 33 (10.71%) TDD
9 27 (8.77%) Continuous Integration
9 27 (8.77%) Scrum
10 22 (7.14%) Analytics
10 22 (7.14%) Stakeholder Management
11 21 (6.82%) Infrastructure Automation
12 18 (5.84%) BDD
13 17 (5.52%) Continuous Delivery
14 16 (5.19%) Immutable Infrastructure
14 16 (5.19%) Unit Testing
15 15 (4.87%) Proactive Monitoring
15 15 (4.87%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 88 (28.57%) Java
2 71 (23.05%) Python
3 65 (21.10%) JavaScript
4 43 (13.96%) C#
5 25 (8.12%) PowerShell
6 24 (7.79%) Go
7 21 (6.82%) SQL
8 17 (5.52%) Bash Shell
9 16 (5.19%) Rust
10 10 (3.25%) ES6
10 10 (3.25%) TypeScript
11 6 (1.95%) ES7
11 6 (1.95%) Java 8
11 6 (1.95%) Shell Script
12 5 (1.62%) R
13 4 (1.30%) C
13 4 (1.30%) Ruby
14 3 (0.97%) ES8
15 2 (0.65%) C++
15 2 (0.65%) F#
Qualifications
1 43 (13.96%) Security Cleared
2 30 (9.74%) SC Cleared
3 10 (3.25%) AWS Certification
4 9 (2.92%) Degree
5 7 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.62%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.32%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 1 (0.32%) CISSP
7 1 (0.32%) GIAC
7 1 (0.32%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.32%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (4.87%) QA
2 5 (1.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (1.30%) COBIT
3 4 (1.30%) NIST
4 1 (0.32%) GDPR
4 1 (0.32%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.32%) PSD2
System Software
1 82 (26.62%) Docker
2 19 (6.17%) Active Directory
3 14 (4.55%) vSphere
4 9 (2.92%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (1.62%) Microsoft App-V
5 5 (1.62%) Virtual Desktop
5 5 (1.62%) XenApp
5 5 (1.62%) XenDesktop
6 1 (0.32%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.32%) HDFS
6 1 (0.32%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 119 (38.64%) Kubernetes
2 82 (26.62%) Terraform
3 65 (21.10%) Ansible
4 14 (4.55%) Kibana
5 12 (3.90%) Puppet
6 11 (3.57%) Opscode Chef
7 10 (3.25%) Packer
8 9 (2.92%) Prometheus
9 5 (1.62%) Istio
9 5 (1.62%) Microsoft Intune
9 5 (1.62%) SCCM
9 5 (1.62%) Sysdig
10 4 (1.30%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.65%) Grafana
11 2 (0.65%) logstash
11 2 (0.65%) Oozie
12 1 (0.32%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 1 (0.32%) Nagios
12 1 (0.32%) Nessus
12 1 (0.32%) Salt
Vendors
1 45 (14.61%) Microsoft
2 29 (9.42%) Google
3 16 (5.19%) Confluent
3 16 (5.19%) Veracode
4 10 (3.25%) Atlassian
4 10 (3.25%) Oracle
5 9 (2.92%) VMware
6 8 (2.60%) Splunk
7 5 (1.62%) Citrix
7 5 (1.62%) Ivanti
7 5 (1.62%) Ping Identity
7 5 (1.62%) SAP
8 4 (1.30%) Cisco
8 4 (1.30%) Dell
8 4 (1.30%) EMC
8 4 (1.30%) NetApp
9 2 (0.65%) CA
9 2 (0.65%) Qualys
9 2 (0.65%) Red Hat
9 2 (0.65%) Twitter