Period
to 3 August 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 224 353 482
Rank change year-on-year +129 +129 +187
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 889 224 440
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.23% 0.62% 0.48%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.10% 2.03% 1.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 588 145 309
10th Percentile £440 £419 £425
25th Percentile £500 £475 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £560 £600
Median % change year-on-year -1.79% -6.67% +11.68%
75th Percentile £650 £645 £675
90th Percentile £713 £763 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £543 £575
% change year-on-year -3.31% -5.57% +9.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
Median hourly rate £60.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 21,660 11,025 26,810
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.91% 30.60% 29.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,795 7,326 17,613
10th Percentile £306 £263 £281
25th Percentile £406 £381 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £495 £475
Median % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% -
75th Percentile £619 £600 £575
90th Percentile £713 £720 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £432 £425
% change year-on-year +4.23% +1.59% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 698 404 914
10th Percentile £11.97 £12.42 £11.76
25th Percentile £15.04 £17.00 £14.00
Median hourly rate £24.04 £25.75 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.64% +28.75% -8.57%
75th Percentile £48.58 £46.25 £45.00
90th Percentile £62.25 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £22.39 £18.50
% change year-on-year -8.45% +21.04% -13.25%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +101 718 £555 -0.45% 335
London +57 466 £588 +2.17% 197
Work from Home -56 274 £550 -21.43% 71
UK excluding London +66 233 £525 -3.31% 150
South East -15 56 £550 - 30
North of England -8 54 £550 +10.00% 47
East of England - 40 £533 - 10
South West +26 34 £500 - 14
Scotland -38 33 £425 - 7
North West -19 24 £525 +23.53% 29
Yorkshire -18 16 £550 +20.55% 16
North East +5 14 £610 +8.64% 2
Wales - 9 £550 - 5
Midlands -45 7 £444 -1.39% 33
West Midlands -37 4 £258 -45.79% 25
East Midlands -25 3 £682 +51.44% 8

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 468 (52.64%) AWS
2 439 (49.38%) Azure
3 408 (45.89%) DevOps
4 388 (43.64%) Agile Software Development
5 352 (39.60%) Kubernetes
6 319 (35.88%) Microservices
7 291 (32.73%) Python
8 233 (26.21%) Terraform
9 197 (22.16%) Docker
10 195 (21.93%) Java
11 180 (20.25%) Serverless
12 178 (20.02%) Finance
13 176 (19.80%) Software Engineering
14 175 (19.69%) Social Skills
15 173 (19.46%) GCP
16 168 (18.90%) Infrastructure as Code
17 161 (18.11%) JavaScript
18 142 (15.97%) SQL
19 139 (15.64%) Full Stack Development
20 131 (14.74%) PaaS
21 124 (13.95%) Jenkins
22 123 (13.84%) Node.js
23 121 (13.61%) SaaS
24 118 (13.27%) .NET
25 117 (13.16%) Git (software)
26 116 (13.05%) Ansible
27 115 (12.94%) C#
28 113 (12.71%) IaaS
29 109 (12.26%) SDLC
30 107 (12.04%) Scrum

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (4.84%) Confluence
2 42 (4.72%) BizTalk Server
3 32 (3.60%) Elasticsearch
4 24 (2.70%) Apache
4 24 (2.70%) Apache Spark
5 22 (2.47%) Apache Airflow
6 18 (2.02%) Cloud Foundry
7 14 (1.57%) OpenStack
8 13 (1.46%) nginx
9 11 (1.24%) CMS
10 7 (0.79%) Apache Pig
10 7 (0.79%) SharePoint
10 7 (0.79%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.79%) WebSphere
11 6 (0.67%) Headless CMS
11 6 (0.67%) JBoss
12 5 (0.56%) IBM Domino
13 3 (0.34%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.34%) SAS
13 3 (0.34%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (0.45%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
1 4 (0.45%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.34%) SAP ERP
2 3 (0.34%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.11%) Maximo
4 1 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.11%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 468 (52.64%) AWS
2 439 (49.38%) Azure
3 180 (20.25%) Serverless
4 173 (19.46%) GCP
5 131 (14.74%) PaaS
6 121 (13.61%) SaaS
7 113 (12.71%) IaaS
8 99 (11.14%) AWS Lambda
9 71 (7.99%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 65 (7.31%) Azure Functions
11 64 (7.20%) GitHub
12 57 (6.41%) Azure Storage
13 55 (6.19%) AWS CloudFormation
14 53 (5.96%) Amazon S3
15 52 (5.85%) Azure Logic Apps
16 40 (4.50%) Amazon EKS
17 36 (4.05%) Azure Active Directory
18 31 (3.49%) Amazon SQS
18 31 (3.49%) Azure Data Factory
19 25 (2.81%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.59%) Firewall
2 14 (1.57%) Internet
3 13 (1.46%) Software-Defined Networking
4 11 (1.24%) 3GPP
4 11 (1.24%) DNS
5 10 (1.12%) Network Security
5 10 (1.12%) SGSN
6 6 (0.67%) FTP
6 6 (0.67%) VPN
7 5 (0.56%) LAN
7 5 (0.56%) NAS
7 5 (0.56%) SAN
7 5 (0.56%) SNMP
7 5 (0.56%) Unified Communications
8 4 (0.45%) AMQP
8 4 (0.45%) BGP
8 4 (0.45%) DHCP
8 4 (0.45%) HTTP
8 4 (0.45%) NetScaler
8 4 (0.45%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (9.45%) MongoDB
2 66 (7.42%) Azure SQL Database
3 57 (6.41%) NoSQL
4 54 (6.07%) SQL Server
5 47 (5.29%) PostgreSQL
6 39 (4.39%) Big Data
7 37 (4.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 34 (3.82%) Amazon RDS
9 30 (3.37%) Data Lake
10 28 (3.15%) Data Warehouse
11 23 (2.59%) Amazon Redshift
12 19 (2.14%) Relational Database
13 13 (1.46%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
13 13 (1.46%) MySQL
14 12 (1.35%) Hadoop
15 11 (1.24%) Power BI
16 10 (1.12%) BigQuery
16 10 (1.12%) Star Schema
17 9 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
18 8 (0.90%) Redis
Development Applications
1 124 (13.95%) Jenkins
2 117 (13.16%) Git (software)
3 68 (7.65%) JIRA
4 41 (4.61%) Maven
5 32 (3.60%) Sonatype Nexus
6 30 (3.37%) GitLab
7 27 (3.04%) CircleCI
8 24 (2.70%) Gradle
9 23 (2.59%) Artifactory
10 21 (2.36%) Cypress.io
10 21 (2.36%) SonarQube
11 19 (2.14%) Bitbucket
12 16 (1.80%) git-flow
13 14 (1.57%) TeamCity
13 14 (1.57%) webpack
14 13 (1.46%) JUnit
15 12 (1.35%) Cucumber
15 12 (1.35%) Visual Studio
16 10 (1.12%) gulp
16 10 (1.12%) Subversion
General
1 178 (20.02%) Finance
2 175 (19.69%) Social Skills
3 66 (7.42%) Banking
4 51 (5.74%) Presentation Skills
5 43 (4.84%) Public Sector
6 41 (4.61%) Analytical Skills
7 25 (2.81%) Legal
8 18 (2.02%) Financial Institution
9 17 (1.91%) Telecoms
10 14 (1.57%) Front Office
10 14 (1.57%) Influencing Skills
11 13 (1.46%) Manufacturing
12 12 (1.35%) Retail
13 11 (1.24%) Documentation Skills
14 9 (1.01%) Games
15 8 (0.90%) Investment Banking
16 6 (0.67%) Back Office
16 6 (0.67%) Marketing
17 5 (0.56%) Electronics
18 4 (0.45%) Law
Job Titles
1 261 (29.36%) Architect
2 185 (20.81%) Developer
3 95 (10.69%) DevOps Engineer
4 91 (10.24%) Cloud Architect
5 87 (9.79%) Solutions Architect
6 67 (7.54%) AWS Architect
7 59 (6.64%) Azure Architect
8 58 (6.52%) Azure Engineer
9 52 (5.85%) Cloud Engineer
9 52 (5.85%) Software Engineer
10 42 (4.72%) Java Developer
11 34 (3.82%) AWS Engineer
12 31 (3.49%) Azure Developer
12 31 (3.49%) Full Stack Developer
12 31 (3.49%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 31 (3.49%) Senior Developer
13 29 (3.26%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 27 (3.04%) AWS Solutions Architect
14 27 (3.04%) C# Developer
15 26 (2.92%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 123 (13.84%) Node.js
2 118 (13.27%) .NET
3 93 (10.46%) React
4 73 (8.21%) .NET Core
5 62 (6.97%) Kafka
6 60 (6.75%) Spring
7 57 (6.41%) AngularJS
8 53 (5.96%) REST
9 41 (4.61%) Web Services
10 39 (4.39%) Spring Boot
11 35 (3.94%) JSON
12 29 (3.26%) Middleware
12 29 (3.26%) OAuth
13 28 (3.15%) RESTful
14 27 (3.04%) HTML
15 26 (2.92%) CSS
16 24 (2.70%) Swagger
17 21 (2.36%) GraphQL
17 21 (2.36%) OpenID
17 21 (2.36%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 70 (7.87%) Public Cloud
2 48 (5.40%) Data Centre
3 40 (4.50%) Legacy Systems
4 36 (4.05%) Data Protection Act
5 35 (3.94%) Hybrid Cloud
6 29 (3.26%) Management Information System
7 27 (3.04%) CMDB
7 27 (3.04%) Data Structures
8 25 (2.81%) User Experience
9 19 (2.14%) Greenfield Project
9 19 (2.14%) Legacy Applications
10 18 (2.02%) Hedge funds
11 11 (1.24%) Algorithms
11 11 (1.24%) Derivative
12 10 (1.12%) Enterprise Software
13 9 (1.01%) Enterprise Cloud
13 9 (1.01%) Robotics
13 9 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
14 8 (0.90%) Private Cloud
15 7 (0.79%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 102 (11.47%) Linux
2 80 (9.00%) Windows
3 26 (2.92%) Windows Server
4 19 (2.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 15 (1.69%) Unix
6 10 (1.12%) CentOS
7 9 (1.01%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.79%) Debian
9 6 (0.67%) CoreOS
10 5 (0.56%) Windows Server 2016
11 3 (0.34%) Alpine Linux
11 3 (0.34%) Solaris
12 2 (0.22%) VMS
13 1 (0.11%) Android
13 1 (0.11%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.11%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 408 (45.89%) DevOps
2 388 (43.64%) Agile Software Development
3 319 (35.88%) Microservices
4 176 (19.80%) Software Engineering
5 168 (18.90%) Infrastructure as Code
6 139 (15.64%) Full Stack Development
7 109 (12.26%) SDLC
8 107 (12.04%) Scrum
9 103 (11.59%) Test Automation
10 99 (11.14%) Migration
11 97 (10.91%) TDD
12 71 (7.99%) Continuous Improvement
13 69 (7.76%) Continuous Delivery
13 69 (7.76%) Open Source
14 67 (7.54%) Data Engineering
15 65 (7.31%) Computer Science
15 65 (7.31%) Configuration Management
16 63 (7.09%) Information Security
17 62 (6.97%) Data Protection
18 61 (6.86%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 291 (32.73%) Python
2 195 (21.93%) Java
3 161 (18.11%) JavaScript
4 142 (15.97%) SQL
5 115 (12.94%) C#
6 105 (11.81%) Go
7 59 (6.64%) TypeScript
8 56 (6.30%) Bash Shell
9 52 (5.85%) PowerShell
10 51 (5.74%) C++
11 50 (5.62%) PL/SQL
11 50 (5.62%) T-SQL
12 21 (2.36%) Scala
13 16 (1.80%) PHP
14 14 (1.57%) C
15 13 (1.46%) Java 11
15 13 (1.46%) Java 8
15 13 (1.46%) Ruby
16 12 (1.35%) Groovy
17 11 (1.24%) Perl
Qualifications
1 79 (8.89%) Security Cleared
2 71 (7.99%) SC Cleared
3 35 (3.94%) Degree
4 20 (2.25%) AWS Certification
5 14 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (1.12%) Cisco Certification
7 9 (1.01%) CISSP
7 9 (1.01%) DV Cleared
8 7 (0.79%) CCSP
9 6 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.56%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 4 (0.45%) CESG Certified Professional
11 4 (0.45%) IISP
11 4 (0.45%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.45%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.34%) CISM
12 3 (0.34%) CRISC
13 2 (0.22%) CCNP
14 1 (0.11%) CCNA
14 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (3.26%) GDPR
1 29 (3.26%) QA
2 16 (1.80%) Accessibility
3 12 (1.35%) NIST
4 10 (1.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (1.12%) OASIS TOSCA
5 5 (0.56%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.45%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 4 (0.45%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.45%) SOC 2
7 1 (0.11%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.11%) PMO
7 1 (0.11%) SOC 1
System Software
1 197 (22.16%) Docker
2 42 (4.72%) Active Directory
3 28 (3.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (2.02%) Hyper-V
5 15 (1.69%) Microsoft App-V
6 11 (1.24%) LXC
7 10 (1.12%) KVM
7 10 (1.12%) VMware ESXi
7 10 (1.12%) XenApp
8 8 (0.90%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.34%) HDFS
9 3 (0.34%) vCloud
9 3 (0.34%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.22%) Squid
10 2 (0.22%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.11%) Ceph
11 1 (0.11%) zsh
Systems Management
1 352 (39.60%) Kubernetes
2 233 (26.21%) Terraform
3 116 (13.05%) Ansible
4 65 (7.31%) Prometheus
5 52 (5.85%) Grafana
6 35 (3.94%) Puppet
7 30 (3.37%) Opscode Chef
8 20 (2.25%) Istio
9 15 (1.69%) MIIS
10 13 (1.46%) Docker Swarm
11 10 (1.12%) Cloudify
11 10 (1.12%) Juju
12 9 (1.01%) Fluentd
13 8 (0.90%) Kibana
13 8 (0.90%) Packer
14 7 (0.79%) Argo
14 7 (0.79%) vRealize
15 6 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
16 5 (0.56%) HP Fortify
16 5 (0.56%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 93 (10.46%) Oracle
2 85 (9.56%) Google
3 78 (8.77%) Microsoft
4 51 (5.74%) MuleSoft
5 39 (4.39%) VMware
6 38 (4.27%) Databricks
7 30 (3.37%) Splunk
8 26 (2.92%) Red Hat
9 22 (2.47%) SAP
9 22 (2.47%) Veracode
10 21 (2.36%) ServiceNow
11 16 (1.80%) Cisco
12 15 (1.69%) Atlassian
12 15 (1.69%) Citrix
12 15 (1.69%) Cloudera
12 15 (1.69%) Salesforce.com
13 13 (1.46%) Alibaba
13 13 (1.46%) IBM
14 11 (1.24%) New Relic
15 10 (1.12%) Mirantis