Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 28 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
28 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 222 222 366
Rank change year-on-year 0 +144 +110
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 1,095 781 246
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 1.22% 0.60%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.92% 4.00% 1.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 784 512 161
10th Percentile £475 £425 £413
25th Percentile £550 £479 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - -8.33%
75th Percentile £750 £638 £638
90th Percentile £850 £725 £763
UK excluding London median daily rate £600 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +14.29% - -12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 4 0
10th Percentile - £24.88 -
25th Percentile £61.81 £26.56 -
Median hourly rate £63.62 £43.75 -
Median % change year-on-year +45.41% - -
75th Percentile £65.42 £60.00 -
90th Percentile - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £63.62 £60.00 -
% change year-on-year +6.03% - -

Cloud Native is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 27,953 19,516 12,567
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.76% 30.36% 30.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,683 13,204 8,242
10th Percentile £313 £300 £263
25th Percentile £438 £400 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £485
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +3.09% +2.11%
75th Percentile £663 £606 £600
90th Percentile £775 £700 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £435 £432
% change year-on-year +12.07% +0.81% +1.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 680 673 488
10th Percentile £14.48 £12.00 £12.62
25th Percentile £17.50 £15.75 £16.94
Median hourly rate £26.50 £25.00 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.00% - +19.88%
75th Percentile £50.95 £48.75 £46.88
90th Percentile £66.00 £60.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.30 £22.50 £21.00
% change year-on-year -5.33% +7.14% +12.30%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 28 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 28 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -1 869 £650 +17.12% 260
Work from Home +31 594 £625 +13.64% 114
London -2 592 £663 +14.22% 153
UK excluding London -24 237 £600 +14.29% 115
South East -15 72 £625 +9.94% 19
North of England -24 57 £613 +6.52% 38
North West -6 44 £606 +12.79% 24
East of England -22 37 £622 +17.61% 15
Midlands -6 36 £500 -20.63% 15
Scotland -13 31 £550 +29.41% 8
West Midlands -4 30 £475 +84.47% 15
Yorkshire -24 16 £650 +15.04% 12
South West -44 12 £500 +5.26% 14
North East -4 9 £675 +8.87% 2
Wales -12 5 £500 -9.09% 4
East Midlands -13 5 £700 +2.71%

For the 6 months to 28 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 584 (53.33%) AWS
2 524 (47.85%) Azure
3 495 (45.21%) DevOps
4 461 (42.10%) Kubernetes
5 449 (41.00%) Agile
6 424 (38.72%) CI/CD
7 356 (32.51%) Microservices
8 320 (29.22%) Terraform
9 289 (26.39%) Docker
10 279 (25.48%) Python
11 267 (24.38%) Java
12 250 (22.83%) Social Skills
13 218 (19.91%) Kafka
14 217 (19.82%) Infrastructure as Code
15 216 (19.73%) Finance
16 197 (17.99%) Jenkins
17 194 (17.72%) GCP
18 191 (17.44%) Software Engineering
18 191 (17.44%) Serverless
19 182 (16.62%) Microsoft
20 174 (15.89%) SQL
21 154 (14.06%) Scrum
22 151 (13.79%) JavaScript
23 150 (13.70%) Azure DevOps
24 146 (13.33%) Migration
25 138 (12.60%) React
26 127 (11.60%) .NET
27 122 (11.14%) TDD
28 120 (10.96%) Ansible
29 116 (10.59%) Linux

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (5.02%) Apache Spark
2 39 (3.56%) Confluence
3 30 (2.74%) Apache
4 19 (1.74%) nginx
5 17 (1.55%) Apache Airflow
6 13 (1.19%) IIS
7 12 (1.10%) OpenStack
7 12 (1.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 10 (0.91%) BizTalk Server
8 10 (0.91%) CMS
9 9 (0.82%) WebSphere
10 8 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
10 8 (0.73%) Tomcat
11 7 (0.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 6 (0.55%) Headless CMS
13 5 (0.46%) Apache Pig
14 4 (0.37%) Apache Solr
14 4 (0.37%) GeoServer
14 4 (0.37%) JBoss
15 1 (0.091%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 4 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
2 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.27%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.091%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 13 (1.19%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.27%) NetSuite
2 3 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.18%) Oracle BRM
3 2 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.091%) Endur
4 1 (0.091%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 584 (53.33%) AWS
2 524 (47.85%) Azure
3 194 (17.72%) GCP
4 191 (17.44%) Serverless
5 150 (13.70%) Azure DevOps
6 104 (9.50%) PaaS
7 101 (9.22%) AWS Lambda
7 101 (9.22%) SaaS
8 81 (7.40%) GitHub
9 79 (7.21%) AWS CloudFormation
10 61 (5.57%) IaaS
11 56 (5.11%) OpenShift
12 53 (4.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 48 (4.38%) Azure AKS
14 47 (4.29%) Azure Active Directory
15 44 (4.02%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 43 (3.93%) Azure Functions
16 43 (3.93%) Azure Monitor
17 42 (3.84%) Amazon S3
18 36 (3.29%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 57 (5.21%) Firewall
2 52 (4.75%) DNS
3 43 (3.93%) Network Security
4 23 (2.10%) HTTP
5 18 (1.64%) WAN
6 17 (1.55%) Internet
6 17 (1.55%) SD-WAN
7 16 (1.46%) DHCP
8 15 (1.37%) TCP/IP
9 12 (1.10%) NGN
10 10 (0.91%) Kerberos
11 8 (0.73%) BGP
11 8 (0.73%) Cisco Firepower
11 8 (0.73%) VPN
12 7 (0.64%) EIGRP
12 7 (0.64%) IPv6
12 7 (0.64%) Software-Defined Networking
13 6 (0.55%) Cisco Nexus
14 5 (0.46%) MPLS
14 5 (0.46%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (7.85%) NoSQL
2 74 (6.76%) PostgreSQL
3 67 (6.12%) MongoDB
4 52 (4.75%) Big Data
5 45 (4.11%) Elasticsearch
5 45 (4.11%) SQL Server
6 42 (3.84%) Azure SQL Database
7 40 (3.65%) Relational Database
8 39 (3.56%) Data Lake
8 39 (3.56%) DynamoDB
9 38 (3.47%) MySQL
10 37 (3.38%) Hadoop
11 32 (2.92%) Power BI
12 26 (2.37%) Data Warehouse
13 22 (2.01%) Amazon RDS
14 19 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
15 18 (1.64%) BigQuery
16 12 (1.10%) Amazon Redshift
17 11 (1.00%) Apache Hive
17 11 (1.00%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 197 (17.99%) Jenkins
2 95 (8.68%) JIRA
3 81 (7.40%) GitLab
4 78 (7.12%) Git (software)
5 58 (5.30%) Gradle
6 42 (3.84%) Maven
7 32 (2.92%) Sonatype Nexus
7 32 (2.92%) TeamCity
8 31 (2.83%) Selenium
9 29 (2.65%) CircleCI
10 23 (2.10%) Cucumber
10 23 (2.10%) SonarQube
11 19 (1.74%) Bitbucket
12 16 (1.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 15 (1.37%) Artifactory
14 11 (1.00%) JUnit
15 10 (0.91%) Robot Framework
16 9 (0.82%) Postman
17 8 (0.73%) git-flow
18 7 (0.64%) webpack
General
1 250 (22.83%) Social Skills
2 216 (19.73%) Finance
3 77 (7.03%) Analytical Skills
4 63 (5.75%) Banking
5 60 (5.48%) Public Sector
6 26 (2.37%) Presentation Skills
6 26 (2.37%) Telecoms
7 22 (2.01%) Influencing Skills
8 20 (1.83%) Legal
9 19 (1.74%) Financial Institution
10 16 (1.46%) Publishing
11 15 (1.37%) Pharmaceutical
12 14 (1.28%) Front Office
13 11 (1.00%) Manufacturing
14 10 (0.91%) Back Office
14 10 (0.91%) Retail
15 9 (0.82%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 8 (0.73%) Law
17 7 (0.64%) Marketing
18 6 (0.55%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 268 (24.47%) Architect
2 237 (21.64%) Developer
3 128 (11.69%) DevOps Engineer
4 115 (10.50%) Solutions Architect
5 68 (6.21%) AWS Engineer
6 66 (6.03%) Cloud Architect
7 65 (5.94%) Cloud Engineer
8 63 (5.75%) Software Engineer
9 59 (5.39%) Java Developer
10 47 (4.29%) Data Engineer
11 43 (3.93%) Java Engineer
12 42 (3.84%) Senior Developer
13 41 (3.74%) Azure Engineer
14 37 (3.38%) Azure Architect
15 35 (3.20%) AWS Architect
15 35 (3.20%) AWS Developer
16 32 (2.92%) Consultant
17 31 (2.83%) Site Reliability Engineer
18 30 (2.74%) Infrastructure Architect
18 30 (2.74%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 218 (19.91%) Kafka
2 138 (12.60%) React
3 127 (11.60%) .NET
4 108 (9.86%) REST
5 107 (9.77%) Spring
6 92 (8.40%) Spring Boot
7 88 (8.04%) Node.js
8 77 (7.03%) RESTful
9 58 (5.30%) HTML
10 52 (4.75%) .NET Core
11 51 (4.66%) CSS
12 42 (3.84%) AngularJS
13 35 (3.20%) HTML5
14 31 (2.83%) GraphQL
14 31 (2.83%) SOAP
15 30 (2.74%) Middleware
16 29 (2.65%) JSON
16 29 (2.65%) Web Services
17 26 (2.37%) OAuth
18 25 (2.28%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 61 (5.57%) Public Cloud
2 46 (4.20%) Data Centre
2 46 (4.20%) User Experience
3 37 (3.38%) Management Information System
4 31 (2.83%) Greenfield Project
4 31 (2.83%) Hybrid Cloud
4 31 (2.83%) Legacy Systems
5 29 (2.65%) Virtual Team
6 26 (2.37%) Data Structures
7 24 (2.19%) Private Cloud
8 18 (1.64%) Mobile App
9 14 (1.28%) Legacy Applications
10 13 (1.19%) Algorithms
11 12 (1.10%) Self-Motivation
12 11 (1.00%) Data Protection Act
13 10 (0.91%) PKI
14 9 (0.82%) Credit Risk
14 9 (0.82%) Enterprise Cloud
14 9 (0.82%) iPad
14 9 (0.82%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 116 (10.59%) Linux
2 82 (7.49%) Windows
3 42 (3.84%) Windows Server
4 32 (2.92%) Unix
5 21 (1.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (0.64%) Apple iOS
7 5 (0.46%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.37%) Android
8 4 (0.37%) CentOS
8 4 (0.37%) VMS
9 3 (0.27%) Alpine Linux
9 3 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.18%) Debian
11 1 (0.091%) CatOS
11 1 (0.091%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.091%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.091%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.091%) SUSE
11 1 (0.091%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.091%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 495 (45.21%) DevOps
2 449 (41.00%) Agile
3 424 (38.72%) CI/CD
4 356 (32.51%) Microservices
5 217 (19.82%) Infrastructure as Code
6 191 (17.44%) Software Engineering
7 154 (14.06%) Scrum
8 146 (13.33%) Migration
9 122 (11.14%) TDD
10 111 (10.14%) Test Automation
11 110 (10.05%) Full Stack Development
12 97 (8.86%) Continuous Integration
13 92 (8.40%) SDLC
14 87 (7.95%) Analytics
14 87 (7.95%) Problem-Solving
15 83 (7.58%) Event-Driven
16 74 (6.76%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 71 (6.48%) Stakeholder Management
18 67 (6.12%) Fintech
19 66 (6.03%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 279 (25.48%) Python
2 267 (24.38%) Java
3 174 (15.89%) SQL
4 151 (13.79%) JavaScript
5 108 (9.86%) Go
6 97 (8.86%) TypeScript
7 94 (8.58%) C#
8 79 (7.21%) PowerShell
9 60 (5.48%) Bash
10 49 (4.47%) Scala
11 42 (3.84%) C++
12 39 (3.56%) Kotlin
13 20 (1.83%) PL/SQL
13 20 (1.83%) Ruby
14 17 (1.55%) Perl
15 16 (1.46%) Groovy
16 14 (1.28%) T-SQL
17 11 (1.00%) ES6
17 11 (1.00%) Shell Script
18 9 (0.82%) C
Qualifications
1 76 (6.94%) Security Cleared
2 63 (5.75%) SC Cleared
3 61 (5.57%) Degree
4 26 (2.37%) AWS Certification
5 15 (1.37%) Cisco Certification
6 14 (1.28%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (1.28%) PhD
7 13 (1.19%) CCNP
8 10 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
8 10 (0.91%) CCIE
8 10 (0.91%) CISSP
9 8 (0.73%) ISEB
9 8 (0.73%) OCP
9 8 (0.73%) Oracle Certification
10 7 (0.64%) CISM
11 6 (0.55%) TOGAF Certification
12 4 (0.37%) FFIEC
12 4 (0.37%) HND
13 3 (0.27%) DV Cleared
13 3 (0.27%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (4.20%) QA
2 26 (2.37%) GDPR
3 14 (1.28%) Accessibility
4 12 (1.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 12 (1.10%) NIST
5 7 (0.64%) PCI DSS
5 7 (0.64%) SLA
6 6 (0.55%) SOC 2
7 5 (0.46%) PMO
8 4 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
8 4 (0.37%) GLBA
9 3 (0.27%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.27%) GRC
9 3 (0.27%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.27%) NIST 800
9 3 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.091%) COBIT
10 1 (0.091%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.091%) NCSC
System Software
1 289 (26.39%) Docker
2 48 (4.38%) Active Directory
3 33 (3.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (1.92%) Hyper-V
4 21 (1.92%) Microsoft App-V
5 16 (1.46%) XenApp
6 8 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.46%) VMware NSX
8 4 (0.37%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.37%) vSphere
8 4 (0.37%) zsh
9 3 (0.27%) HDFS
10 2 (0.18%) BitLocker
10 2 (0.18%) vCloud
10 2 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.091%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 461 (42.10%) Kubernetes
2 320 (29.22%) Terraform
3 120 (10.96%) Ansible
4 67 (6.12%) Prometheus
5 62 (5.66%) Grafana
6 42 (3.84%) Puppet
7 38 (3.47%) Opscode Chef
8 29 (2.65%) Kibana
9 24 (2.19%) Istio
10 12 (1.10%) Single Sign-On
11 11 (1.00%) Packer
12 8 (0.73%) Netcool
12 8 (0.73%) Opsgenie
13 6 (0.55%) Cilium
13 6 (0.55%) HP Fortify
13 6 (0.55%) Kustomize
14 4 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.37%) vCenter Server
15 3 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
15 3 (0.27%) Trend Micro Deep Security
Vendors
1 182 (16.62%) Microsoft
2 92 (8.40%) Oracle
3 90 (8.22%) Google
4 56 (5.11%) Databricks
5 37 (3.38%) VMware
6 36 (3.29%) SAP
6 36 (3.29%) Splunk
7 27 (2.47%) F5
8 25 (2.28%) AppDynamics
9 24 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
10 19 (1.74%) Cisco
10 19 (1.74%) Citrix
11 18 (1.64%) Atlassian
11 18 (1.64%) New Relic
12 16 (1.46%) Cloudera
12 16 (1.46%) Red Hat
13 15 (1.37%) Dynatrace
13 15 (1.37%) PagerDuty
14 11 (1.00%) CheckPoint
14 11 (1.00%) MuleSoft