Period
to 16 April 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 16 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
16 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 210 399 491
Rank change year-on-year +189 +92 +267
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 636 309 427
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.20% 0.53% 0.44%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.61% 1.65% 1.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 398 178 307
10th Percentile £412 £413 £413
25th Percentile £463 £463 £506
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £533 £550 £600
Median % change year-on-year -3.18% -8.33% +9.09%
75th Percentile £613 £623 £672
90th Percentile £700 £677 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £600
% change year-on-year - -16.67% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 0
Median hourly rate £45.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 17,597 18,761 30,674
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.14% 32.01% 31.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,814 12,112 20,363
10th Percentile £275 £230 £278
25th Percentile £381 £363 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £470 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.72% -1.05% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £669
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 721 852 954
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.62 £11.85
25th Percentile £16.00 £16.20 £14.50
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.81 £20.72
Median % change year-on-year +9.63% +10.06% -1.33%
75th Percentile £46.00 £45.41 £43.00
90th Percentile £58.00 £53.68 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.60 £20.50 £19.29
% change year-on-year +15.12% +6.30% -2.97%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 16 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +171 494 £544 -1.18% 259
London +91 308 £563 +2.27% 137
Work from Home -50 223 £525 - 54
UK excluding London +154 179 £500 - 134
South East +86 50 £550 - 26
South West +96 45 £475 -5.00% 14
East of England +70 28 £508 - 19
Scotland +17 23 £425 - 7
North of England +49 22 £550 +28.65% 43
North West +34 17 £538 +31.10% 18
Wales - 7 £550 - 2
Yorkshire +30 4 £558 +20.54% 13
Midlands +16 4 £630 +26.00% 20
East Midlands +21 3 £630 +40.00% 3
North East +27 1 £600 +20.00% 12
West Midlands +6 1 - - 17

For the 6 months to 16 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 331 (52.04%) Azure
1 331 (52.04%) AWS
2 289 (45.44%) Agile Software Development
3 277 (43.55%) DevOps
4 252 (39.62%) Kubernetes
5 249 (39.15%) Microservices
6 239 (37.58%) Python
7 198 (31.13%) Terraform
8 145 (22.80%) Java
9 138 (21.70%) Serverless
10 132 (20.75%) Software Engineering
11 129 (20.28%) Infrastructure as Code
11 129 (20.28%) Docker
12 127 (19.97%) SQL
13 120 (18.87%) GCP
14 118 (18.55%) Git (software)
15 105 (16.51%) Go
16 99 (15.57%) Jenkins
17 98 (15.41%) PaaS
18 96 (15.09%) JavaScript
19 94 (14.78%) Finance
20 80 (12.58%) Oracle
20 80 (12.58%) AWS Lambda
21 79 (12.42%) Ansible
22 78 (12.26%) Scrum
23 75 (11.79%) SDLC
24 73 (11.48%) Linux
25 72 (11.32%) TDD
26 71 (11.16%) C#
27 69 (10.85%) Information Security

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (6.76%) Confluence
2 40 (6.29%) BizTalk Server
3 26 (4.09%) Elasticsearch
4 20 (3.14%) Apache
4 20 (3.14%) Cloud Foundry
5 16 (2.52%) Apache Airflow
6 13 (2.04%) OpenStack
7 12 (1.89%) nginx
8 8 (1.26%) Apache Spark
9 6 (0.94%) SharePoint
10 4 (0.63%) CMS
10 4 (0.63%) Red Hat Fuse
11 3 (0.47%) Apache Solr
11 3 (0.47%) JBoss
11 3 (0.47%) SAS
11 3 (0.47%) Tomcat
12 2 (0.31%) Alfresco
12 2 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.31%) WebSphere
13 1 (0.16%) GeoServer
Applications
1 3 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.31%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.16%) 3ds Max
3 1 (0.16%) Blender
3 1 (0.16%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.16%) Maya
Business Applications
1 5 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.79%) Oracle Applications
1 5 (0.79%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.47%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.31%) Oracle BRM
3 2 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.16%) Magento
4 1 (0.16%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.16%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 331 (52.04%) AWS
1 331 (52.04%) Azure
2 138 (21.70%) Serverless
3 120 (18.87%) GCP
4 98 (15.41%) PaaS
5 80 (12.58%) AWS Lambda
6 66 (10.38%) GitHub
7 65 (10.22%) Azure Functions
7 65 (10.22%) IaaS
8 59 (9.28%) Logic Apps
9 56 (8.81%) SaaS
10 35 (5.50%) AWS CloudFormation
11 33 (5.19%) Amazon EKS
12 32 (5.03%) OpenShift
13 31 (4.87%) Amazon GuardDuty
13 31 (4.87%) Amazon S3
14 25 (3.93%) Amazon SQS
14 25 (3.93%) Azure Active Directory
15 23 (3.62%) CloudFront
16 20 (3.14%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.67%) Network Security
2 13 (2.04%) DNS
3 12 (1.89%) 3GPP
4 11 (1.73%) SGSN
4 11 (1.73%) Software-Defined Networking
5 9 (1.42%) Firewall
5 9 (1.42%) Unified Communications
6 7 (1.10%) Internet
7 5 (0.79%) FTP
7 5 (0.79%) NAS
7 5 (0.79%) SAN
7 5 (0.79%) SNMP
7 5 (0.79%) VLAN
7 5 (0.79%) VPN
8 4 (0.63%) NetScaler
8 4 (0.63%) TCP/IP
9 3 (0.47%) Reverse Proxy
10 2 (0.31%) BIG-IP
10 2 (0.31%) DHCP
11 1 (0.16%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (9.43%) Azure SQL Database
2 55 (8.65%) MongoDB
3 44 (6.92%) PostgreSQL
4 35 (5.50%) SQL Server
5 27 (4.25%) Big Data
6 23 (3.62%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 21 (3.30%) NoSQL
8 18 (2.83%) Amazon RDS
8 18 (2.83%) Data Warehouse
9 17 (2.67%) Data Lake
10 15 (2.36%) Amazon Redshift
11 13 (2.04%) Relational Database
12 12 (1.89%) Cosmos DB
13 10 (1.57%) MySQL
14 9 (1.42%) Hadoop
15 8 (1.26%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
15 8 (1.26%) BigQuery
15 8 (1.26%) Snowflake Schema
16 7 (1.10%) Amazon Aurora
16 7 (1.10%) Cloud Spanner
Development Applications
1 118 (18.55%) Git (software)
2 99 (15.57%) Jenkins
3 69 (10.85%) JIRA
4 37 (5.82%) Visual Studio
5 33 (5.19%) GitLab
6 26 (4.09%) Sonatype Nexus
7 18 (2.83%) Maven
7 18 (2.83%) SonarQube
8 17 (2.67%) Artifactory
8 17 (2.67%) Bitbucket
8 17 (2.67%) CircleCI
8 17 (2.67%) JUnit
9 14 (2.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 13 (2.04%) Cucumber
11 11 (1.73%) git-flow
11 11 (1.73%) webpack
12 9 (1.42%) SoapUI
13 8 (1.26%) Postman
13 8 (1.26%) TeamCity
13 8 (1.26%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 94 (14.78%) Finance
2 42 (6.60%) Public Sector
3 41 (6.45%) Banking
4 15 (2.36%) Back Office
5 14 (2.20%) Telecoms
6 12 (1.89%) Manufacturing
7 8 (1.26%) Law
7 8 (1.26%) Retail
8 7 (1.10%) Investment Banking
9 6 (0.94%) Electronics
9 6 (0.94%) Games
9 6 (0.94%) Legal
9 6 (0.94%) Marketing
10 4 (0.63%) Front Office
11 3 (0.47%) Automotive
12 2 (0.31%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.16%) Billing
13 1 (0.16%) German Language
13 1 (0.16%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 179 (28.14%) Architect
2 149 (23.43%) Developer
3 63 (9.91%) Cloud Architect
4 59 (9.28%) Cloud Engineer
5 57 (8.96%) Azure Engineer
6 56 (8.81%) DevOps Engineer
7 44 (6.92%) Java Developer
8 43 (6.76%) Solutions Architect
9 41 (6.45%) AWS Engineer
10 39 (6.13%) AWS Architect
10 39 (6.13%) Security Engineer
11 37 (5.82%) Azure Architect
12 36 (5.66%) Python Developer
13 29 (4.56%) Azure Developer
13 29 (4.56%) Software Engineer
14 25 (3.93%) Technical Architect
15 23 (3.62%) Senior Developer
16 20 (3.14%) Security Architect
17 19 (2.99%) Cloud Developer
18 18 (2.83%) Lead Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (10.53%) Node.js
2 64 (10.06%) .NET
3 50 (7.86%) React
4 47 (7.39%) REST
5 37 (5.82%) Spring
5 37 (5.82%) Web Services
6 32 (5.03%) Kafka
6 32 (5.03%) Spring Boot
7 31 (4.87%) .NET Core
7 31 (4.87%) AngularJS
7 31 (4.87%) RESTful
8 27 (4.25%) JSON
9 26 (4.09%) GraphQL
10 24 (3.77%) CSS
10 24 (3.77%) Swagger
11 23 (3.62%) ADO
12 22 (3.46%) Redux
13 20 (3.14%) Middleware
13 20 (3.14%) XML
14 16 (2.52%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 35 (5.50%) Public Cloud
2 32 (5.03%) Data Centre
3 23 (3.62%) Analytical Skills
4 18 (2.83%) Management Information System
5 15 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
5 15 (2.36%) User Experience
6 14 (2.20%) Hybrid Cloud
7 11 (1.73%) Algorithms
7 11 (1.73%) Derivative
8 9 (1.42%) Data Structures
8 9 (1.42%) Private Cloud
9 7 (1.10%) Enterprise Cloud
9 7 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
9 7 (1.10%) Security Operations Centre
10 6 (0.94%) CMDB
10 6 (0.94%) PKI
11 5 (0.79%) Internet of Things
12 4 (0.63%) iPad
12 4 (0.63%) Mobile App
12 4 (0.63%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 73 (11.48%) Linux
2 54 (8.49%) Windows
3 23 (3.62%) Windows Server
4 13 (2.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (1.73%) CentOS
6 5 (0.79%) Unix
7 4 (0.63%) Android
7 4 (0.63%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.63%) CoreOS
7 4 (0.63%) Debian
7 4 (0.63%) Windows 10
7 4 (0.63%) Windows Server 2016
8 3 (0.47%) Alpine Linux
8 3 (0.47%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.47%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.31%) Solaris
9 2 (0.31%) VMS
10 1 (0.16%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 289 (45.44%) Agile Software Development
2 277 (43.55%) DevOps
3 249 (39.15%) Microservices
4 132 (20.75%) Software Engineering
5 129 (20.28%) Infrastructure as Code
6 78 (12.26%) Scrum
7 75 (11.79%) SDLC
8 72 (11.32%) TDD
9 69 (10.85%) Information Security
9 69 (10.85%) Migration
10 61 (9.59%) Test Automation
11 57 (8.96%) Continuous Improvement
11 57 (8.96%) Open Source
12 54 (8.49%) Data Engineering
13 52 (8.18%) Analytics
14 46 (7.23%) DevSecOps
15 45 (7.08%) Data Development
16 43 (6.76%) BDD
16 43 (6.76%) Configuration Management
17 37 (5.82%) Runbook
Programming Languages
1 239 (37.58%) Python
2 145 (22.80%) Java
3 127 (19.97%) SQL
4 105 (16.51%) Go
5 96 (15.09%) JavaScript
6 71 (11.16%) C#
7 56 (8.81%) C++
8 55 (8.65%) PowerShell
9 46 (7.23%) PL/SQL
9 46 (7.23%) T-SQL
10 38 (5.97%) Bash Shell
11 36 (5.66%) TypeScript
12 22 (3.46%) Shell Script
13 20 (3.14%) Kotlin
14 12 (1.89%) ES6
15 11 (1.73%) Java 8
15 11 (1.73%) Ruby
16 9 (1.42%) C
17 6 (0.94%) Scala
18 5 (0.79%) Perl
Qualifications
1 68 (10.69%) Security Cleared
2 63 (9.91%) SC Cleared
3 21 (3.30%) Degree
4 11 (1.73%) CISSP
5 7 (1.10%) AWS Certification
5 7 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.10%) DV Cleared
6 6 (0.94%) Cisco Certification
7 5 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.79%) CCSP
8 4 (0.63%) CESG Certified Professional
8 4 (0.63%) CISM
8 4 (0.63%) IISP
9 3 (0.47%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 2 (0.31%) CRISC
10 2 (0.31%) GIAC
10 2 (0.31%) SANS
10 2 (0.31%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 1 (0.16%) A+ Certification
11 1 (0.16%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (2.20%) QA
2 11 (1.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 11 (1.73%) OASIS TOSCA
3 8 (1.26%) Data Quality
4 7 (1.10%) GDPR
5 6 (0.94%) NIST
6 5 (0.79%) SLA
7 4 (0.63%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 4 (0.63%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.31%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.31%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.31%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.31%) RMADS
8 2 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 129 (20.28%) Docker
2 31 (4.87%) Active Directory
3 24 (3.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (2.36%) Hyper-V
5 12 (1.89%) Microsoft App-V
6 11 (1.73%) KVM
6 11 (1.73%) LXC
6 11 (1.73%) VMware ESXi
7 7 (1.10%) vSphere
7 7 (1.10%) XenApp
8 5 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.63%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (0.47%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 252 (39.62%) Kubernetes
2 198 (31.13%) Terraform
3 79 (12.42%) Ansible
4 54 (8.49%) Prometheus
5 51 (8.02%) Grafana
6 26 (4.09%) Opscode Chef
7 23 (3.62%) Puppet
8 21 (3.30%) Istio
9 11 (1.73%) Cloudify
9 11 (1.73%) Docker Swarm
9 11 (1.73%) Juju
10 9 (1.42%) Packer
11 7 (1.10%) Kustomize
12 6 (0.94%) Consul
12 6 (0.94%) vRealize
13 5 (0.79%) ZABBIX
14 4 (0.63%) Control-M
14 4 (0.63%) Knative
14 4 (0.63%) Microsoft Intune
14 4 (0.63%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 80 (12.58%) Oracle
2 66 (10.38%) Microsoft
3 53 (8.33%) Google
4 48 (7.55%) MuleSoft
5 36 (5.66%) VMware
6 29 (4.56%) Splunk
7 23 (3.62%) Red Hat
8 18 (2.83%) Atlassian
8 18 (2.83%) Veracode
9 17 (2.67%) SAP
10 14 (2.20%) ServiceNow
11 12 (1.89%) Citrix
12 11 (1.73%) Cisco
12 11 (1.73%) Ericsson
12 11 (1.73%) IBM
12 11 (1.73%) Juniper
12 11 (1.73%) Mirantis
12 11 (1.73%) Salesforce.com
13 10 (1.57%) Databricks
13 10 (1.57%) Okta