Period
to 22 January 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 507 785 843
Rank change year-on-year +278 +58 +42
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 397 104 25
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.40% 0.10% 0.026%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.21% 0.31% 0.080%
Number of daily rates quoted 259 82 20
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.00% -18.37%
10th Percentile £413 £406 £401
90th Percentile £688 £675 £626
UK excluding London median daily rate £518 £500 £432
% change year-on-year +3.50% +15.74% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 32,927 33,339 31,400
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.04% 33.47% 32.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,687 22,285 20,436
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +0.59%
10th Percentile £280 £263 £250
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +3.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 992 965 1,114
UK median hourly rate £20.25 £20.66 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.96% +3.28% -
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.32
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year - +2.56% -

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cloud Native.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +234 364 £550 - 94
London +192 238 £550 -4.35% 56
UK excluding London +77 154 £518 +3.50% 58
South East +51 75 £537 +7.45% 7
North of England -3 19 £495 +13.14% 15
Scotland - 18 £425 - 8
Midlands +11 15 £510 -7.27% 6
South West -24 13 £500 +25.00% 5
Yorkshire -4 12 £500 +14.29% 5
Wales - 12 £750 - 1
West Midlands -13 11 £513 -26.79% 5
North East -4 4 £475 - 2
East Midlands +14 3 £461 -16.14% 1
North West -3 3 £375 -25.00% 8
East of England +9 2 £643 +16.82% 5

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 249 (62.72%) Amazon AWS
2 231 (58.19%) DevOps
3 157 (39.55%) Agile Software Development
4 137 (34.51%) Microservices
5 133 (33.50%) Docker
6 131 (33.00%) Microsoft Azure
7 124 (31.23%) Java
8 114 (28.72%) Terraform
9 95 (23.93%) Linux
10 89 (22.42%) Kubernetes
11 81 (20.40%) Python
12 80 (20.15%) Jenkins
13 70 (17.63%) Continuous Delivery
14 65 (16.37%) Serverless
15 64 (16.12%) Finance
16 63 (15.87%) TDD
17 62 (15.62%) SQL
18 61 (15.37%) Migration
19 59 (14.86%) Deployment Automation
20 58 (14.61%) JavaScript
20 58 (14.61%) Microsoft
20 58 (14.61%) Open Source
21 57 (14.36%) PaaS
21 57 (14.36%) Ansible
22 54 (13.60%) Greenfield Project
23 53 (13.35%) Git (software)
24 46 (11.59%) Spring
24 46 (11.59%) AWS Lambda
25 43 (10.83%) Security Cleared
26 42 (10.58%) Software Engineering

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (8.82%) Elasticsearch
2 18 (4.53%) Confluence
3 17 (4.28%) Cloud Foundry
4 12 (3.02%) nginx
5 10 (2.52%) Apache
6 7 (1.76%) CMS
6 7 (1.76%) Traefik
7 6 (1.51%) OpenStack
8 4 (1.01%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.76%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.76%) Magnolia
9 3 (0.76%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.50%) EPiServer
10 2 (0.50%) IIS
10 2 (0.50%) JBoss
10 2 (0.50%) Jupyter
10 2 (0.50%) OpenWhisk
10 2 (0.50%) SAS
10 2 (0.50%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.25%) Hubot
Applications
1 2 (0.50%) HipChat
1 2 (0.50%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.76%) thinkFolio
2 1 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.25%) Eloqua
2 1 (0.25%) SAP BRIM
2 1 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 249 (62.72%) Amazon AWS
2 131 (33.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 65 (16.37%) Serverless
4 57 (14.36%) PaaS
5 46 (11.59%) AWS Lambda
6 39 (9.82%) Amazon S3
7 37 (9.32%) Google Cloud Platform
8 35 (8.82%) AWS CloudFormation
9 31 (7.81%) Amazon EC2
10 29 (7.30%) IaaS
11 27 (6.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 21 (5.29%) Amazon Glacier
12 21 (5.29%) SaaS
13 20 (5.04%) Route 53
14 17 (4.28%) Azure Active Directory
15 14 (3.53%) Amazon SQS
15 14 (3.53%) GitHub
16 13 (3.27%) AWS CloudTrail
17 9 (2.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 7 (1.76%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 25 (6.30%) DNS
2 23 (5.79%) Firewall
3 14 (3.53%) TCP/IP
3 14 (3.53%) VPN
4 13 (3.27%) WAN
5 10 (2.52%) Intrusion Detection
5 10 (2.52%) LAN
5 10 (2.52%) Network Security
5 10 (2.52%) SSL
5 10 (2.52%) Wireless
5 10 (2.52%) WLAN
6 8 (2.02%) HTTP
7 3 (0.76%) 5G
7 3 (0.76%) Internet
7 3 (0.76%) LTE
7 3 (0.76%) MPLS
7 3 (0.76%) NetScaler
8 2 (0.50%) 3G
8 2 (0.50%) 4G
8 2 (0.50%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (9.82%) Amazon RDS
2 30 (7.56%) Relational Database
3 24 (6.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 21 (5.29%) MongoDB
5 19 (4.79%) NoSQL
6 16 (4.03%) MySQL
7 14 (3.53%) Big Data
8 12 (3.02%) PostgreSQL
9 11 (2.77%) SQL Server
10 10 (2.52%) Hadoop
11 8 (2.02%) Apache Cassandra
11 8 (2.02%) Data Lake
11 8 (2.02%) Redis
12 7 (1.76%) Power BI
12 7 (1.76%) RDBMS
13 5 (1.26%) Pentaho
14 4 (1.01%) Data Warehouse
15 3 (0.76%) Apache Hive
15 3 (0.76%) BigQuery
16 2 (0.50%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 80 (20.15%) Jenkins
2 53 (13.35%) Git (software)
3 29 (7.30%) JIRA
4 22 (5.54%) Maven
5 17 (4.28%) Bitbucket
6 14 (3.53%) Visual Studio Team System
7 13 (3.27%) IntelliJ
8 12 (3.02%) Cucumber
9 11 (2.77%) SonarQube
10 9 (2.27%) CircleCI
10 9 (2.27%) TeamCity
11 8 (2.02%) Travis CI
12 7 (1.76%) Mocha
13 6 (1.51%) Babel
13 6 (1.51%) Gradle
13 6 (1.51%) JUnit
13 6 (1.51%) webpack
14 5 (1.26%) GitLab
15 4 (1.01%) Appium
15 4 (1.01%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 64 (16.12%) Finance
2 36 (9.07%) Telecoms
3 17 (4.28%) Retail
4 10 (2.52%) Banking
4 10 (2.52%) Legal
5 6 (1.51%) Front Office
6 5 (1.26%) Financial Institution
7 3 (0.76%) Billing
7 3 (0.76%) Manufacturing
7 3 (0.76%) Marketing
8 2 (0.50%) Advertising
8 2 (0.50%) Electronics
9 1 (0.25%) Back Office
9 1 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 127 (31.99%) Architect
2 109 (27.46%) Developer
3 93 (23.43%) DevOps Engineer
4 70 (17.63%) AWS Engineer
5 65 (16.37%) Java Developer
6 57 (14.36%) AWS DevOps
6 57 (14.36%) Cloud Architect
7 54 (13.60%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 29 (7.30%) Cloud Engineer
9 28 (7.05%) Azure Architect
10 19 (4.79%) AWS Architect
10 19 (4.79%) Security Architect
10 19 (4.79%) Software Engineer
11 16 (4.03%) .NET Developer
11 16 (4.03%) Solutions Architect
12 15 (3.78%) Full Stack Developer
13 13 (3.27%) Enterprise Architect
13 13 (3.27%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 12 (3.02%) Java Engineer
15 11 (2.77%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (11.59%) Spring
2 40 (10.08%) AngularJS
3 37 (9.32%) Spring Boot
3 37 (9.32%) Web Services
4 35 (8.82%) .NET
5 26 (6.55%) RESTful
6 24 (6.05%) Node.js
6 24 (6.05%) Redux
7 19 (4.79%) React
8 18 (4.53%) OAuth
8 18 (4.53%) REST
9 17 (4.28%) OpenID
10 16 (4.03%) .NET Core
11 14 (3.53%) Kafka
12 13 (3.27%) CSS
13 11 (2.77%) Elastic Stack
13 11 (2.77%) HTML
14 10 (2.52%) SAML
15 9 (2.27%) Angular 2
16 8 (2.02%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 54 (13.60%) Greenfield Project
2 33 (8.31%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (6.05%) Algorithms
4 19 (4.79%) Data Structures
4 19 (4.79%) Mobile App
5 17 (4.28%) Public Cloud
6 15 (3.78%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 15 (3.78%) Enterprise Cloud
6 15 (3.78%) User Experience
7 12 (3.02%) Management Information System
8 9 (2.27%) Data Centre
9 7 (1.76%) Hybrid Cloud
10 6 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
10 6 (1.51%) Private Cloud
10 6 (1.51%) Virtual Team
11 5 (1.26%) Equities
11 5 (1.26%) Fintech
11 5 (1.26%) Fixed Income
11 5 (1.26%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 95 (23.93%) Linux
2 33 (8.31%) Unix
3 29 (7.30%) Android
3 29 (7.30%) Apple iOS
4 22 (5.54%) Windows
5 7 (1.76%) Windows Server 2012
6 3 (0.76%) AIX
7 2 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.50%) Solaris
8 1 (0.25%) CentOS
8 1 (0.25%) VMS
8 1 (0.25%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 231 (58.19%) DevOps
2 157 (39.55%) Agile Software Development
3 137 (34.51%) Microservices
4 70 (17.63%) Continuous Delivery
5 63 (15.87%) TDD
6 61 (15.37%) Migration
7 59 (14.86%) Deployment Automation
8 58 (14.61%) Open Source
9 42 (10.58%) Software Engineering
10 40 (10.08%) Continuous Integration
10 40 (10.08%) Scrum
11 37 (9.32%) OO
11 37 (9.32%) Test Automation
12 36 (9.07%) Analytics
13 33 (8.31%) BDD
14 31 (7.81%) Configuration Management
15 29 (7.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 29 (7.30%) Pair Programming
16 24 (6.05%) SDLC
17 23 (5.79%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 124 (31.23%) Java
2 81 (20.40%) Python
3 62 (15.62%) SQL
4 58 (14.61%) JavaScript
5 36 (9.07%) C#
6 29 (7.30%) Java 8
7 27 (6.80%) TypeScript
8 23 (5.79%) C++
9 19 (4.79%) Apple Swift
9 19 (4.79%) Rust
10 14 (3.53%) Go
10 14 (3.53%) PowerShell
11 12 (3.02%) Ruby
12 11 (2.77%) R
13 10 (2.52%) Bash Shell
13 10 (2.52%) Scala
14 9 (2.27%) PHP
15 7 (1.76%) Kotlin
15 7 (1.76%) PHP 7
16 6 (1.51%) ES6
Qualifications
1 43 (10.83%) Security Cleared
2 37 (9.32%) SC Cleared
3 29 (7.30%) Degree
4 19 (4.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (4.28%) AWS Certification
6 10 (2.52%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (1.26%) CISSP
7 5 (1.26%) Sun Certification
7 5 (1.26%) TOGAF Certification
8 3 (0.76%) BC Cleared
8 3 (0.76%) PhD
9 2 (0.50%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 2 (0.50%) CCSP
9 2 (0.50%) CGEIT
9 2 (0.50%) CISA
9 2 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.50%) CISM
9 2 (0.50%) ISSAP
9 2 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.25%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.77%) FedRAMP
1 11 (2.77%) HIPAA
2 10 (2.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 6 (1.51%) QA
4 5 (1.26%) GDPR
5 3 (0.76%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.25%) FISMA
7 1 (0.25%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.25%) SLA
System Software
1 133 (33.50%) Docker
2 18 (4.53%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.76%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.25%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 114 (28.72%) Terraform
2 89 (22.42%) Kubernetes
3 57 (14.36%) Ansible
4 34 (8.56%) Puppet
5 33 (8.31%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (2.77%) Salt
7 10 (2.52%) CASB
7 10 (2.52%) Grafana
7 10 (2.52%) Packer
7 10 (2.52%) Prometheus
8 9 (2.27%) Docker Swarm
9 7 (1.76%) Graphite
10 3 (0.76%) HAProxy
11 2 (0.50%) FortiGate
11 2 (0.50%) Istio
11 2 (0.50%) Mesos
11 2 (0.50%) Rancher
11 2 (0.50%) yum
12 1 (0.25%) Consul
12 1 (0.25%) rkt
Vendors
1 58 (14.61%) Microsoft
2 28 (7.05%) Oracle
3 20 (5.04%) Google
4 12 (3.02%) Okta
5 11 (2.77%) Atlassian
6 10 (2.52%) SaltStack
7 7 (1.76%) IBM
8 6 (1.51%) SAP
9 5 (1.26%) Cisco
9 5 (1.26%) Red Hat
9 5 (1.26%) ServiceNow
10 4 (1.01%) VMware
11 3 (0.76%) Bloomberg
11 3 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
11 3 (0.76%) Splunk
12 2 (0.50%) Fujitsu
12 2 (0.50%) hybris
12 2 (0.50%) Rackspace
12 2 (0.50%) Sonatype
12 2 (0.50%) Twitter