Period
to 27 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 27 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 184 181 158
Rank change year-on-year -3 -23 -15
Contract jobs citing Scala 470 1,273 1,774
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.45% 1.51% 1.73%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.45% 3.60% 3.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 364 997 1,195
Median daily rate £525 £575 £543
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.70% +5.99% +3.33%
10th Percentile £353 £425 £413
90th Percentile £693 £721 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £495
% change year-on-year -5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 2 7
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.50 £23.49
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +37.25% +8.56% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £25.50 £23.00
% change year-on-year +37.25% +10.89% -

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,639 35,396 45,800
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.13% 41.98% 44.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,968 24,527 32,214
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £309 £320 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £420
% change year-on-year - +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 372 687 694
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +4.96% +4.81%
10th Percentile £13.00 £19.25 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £42.13
% change year-on-year -19.54% +3.25% +4.28%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Scala.

Daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Scala.

Hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 403 £522 -9.22% 171
London -24 284 £550 -8.33% 108
UK excluding London +83 137 £475 -5.00% 85
Work from Home -42 92 £525 -16.00% 24
South East +103 37 £500 +5.26% 9
Midlands +94 27 £495 -5.71% 11
West Midlands +78 24 £495 +2.86% 5
South West +91 23 £515 -10.43% 3
North of England +47 22 £408 -12.83% 30
Scotland +32 18 £475 -7.77% 21
Yorkshire +53 11 £429 -4.72% 8
North East +24 9 £394 +1.68% 9
East of England +89 6 £320 -30.81% 8
Wales +38 6 £141 -56.54% 1
East Midlands +37 3 - - 6
North West +50 2 £460 -12.38% 13

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 316 (67.23%) Java
2 223 (47.45%) Agile Software Development
3 188 (40.00%) Python
4 148 (31.49%) Apache Spark
5 145 (30.85%) SQL
6 123 (26.17%) Microservices
7 119 (25.32%) DevOps
8 118 (25.11%) TDD
9 116 (24.68%) AWS
10 107 (22.77%) Azure
11 104 (22.13%) Software Engineering
12 97 (20.64%) Big Data
13 96 (20.43%) Kubernetes
14 93 (19.79%) Kafka
15 92 (19.57%) Kotlin
16 91 (19.36%) JavaScript
17 84 (17.87%) Hadoop
18 80 (17.02%) Continuous Integration
19 77 (16.38%) Finance
20 71 (15.11%) Test Automation
21 69 (14.68%) Git (software)
22 68 (14.47%) Banking
23 63 (13.40%) Spring
24 62 (13.19%) Terraform
25 61 (12.98%) Data Modelling
26 60 (12.77%) NoSQL
27 59 (12.55%) Docker
28 57 (12.13%) Linux
28 57 (12.13%) Scrum
29 55 (11.70%) ETL

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (31.49%) Apache Spark
2 47 (10.00%) Elasticsearch
3 43 (9.15%) Apache
4 34 (7.23%) Confluence
5 19 (4.04%) WebLogic
6 14 (2.98%) SAS
7 7 (1.49%) Apache Airflow
8 5 (1.06%) JBoss
8 5 (1.06%) Jetty
8 5 (1.06%) MQSeries
8 5 (1.06%) Oracle Self-Service HR
8 5 (1.06%) Red Hat Fuse
8 5 (1.06%) Tomcat
8 5 (1.06%) Tornado
9 2 (0.43%) Luigi
9 2 (0.43%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.21%) ArcGIS
10 1 (0.21%) Jupyter
10 1 (0.21%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 5 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (1.06%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 1 (0.21%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 116 (24.68%) AWS
2 107 (22.77%) Azure
3 53 (11.28%) GCP
4 35 (7.45%) Serverless
5 33 (7.02%) Amazon S3
6 26 (5.53%) AWS Lambda
7 24 (5.11%) GitHub
8 23 (4.89%) Amazon EC2
9 15 (3.19%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 11 (2.34%) Amazon EMR
11 10 (2.13%) PaaS
12 9 (1.91%) Azure Data Factory
13 8 (1.70%) Office 365
14 7 (1.49%) AWS CodePipeline
14 7 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
14 7 (1.49%) Google Analytics
14 7 (1.49%) SaaS
14 7 (1.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 6 (1.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 6 (1.28%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 20 (4.26%) SSL
2 10 (2.13%) HTTP
2 10 (2.13%) HTTPS
3 8 (1.70%) DSL
4 7 (1.49%) Firewall
4 7 (1.49%) SSH
4 7 (1.49%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.21%) 5G
5 1 (0.21%) Internet
5 1 (0.21%) Network Security
5 1 (0.21%) PuTTY
5 1 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (20.64%) Big Data
2 84 (17.87%) Hadoop
3 60 (12.77%) NoSQL
4 40 (8.51%) Apache Hive
5 38 (8.09%) Relational Database
6 34 (7.23%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (5.96%) MongoDB
8 27 (5.74%) Impala
9 24 (5.11%) Amazon RDS
10 23 (4.89%) Apache Ignite
11 20 (4.26%) Apache Cassandra
12 16 (3.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 14 (2.98%) Data Warehouse
14 13 (2.77%) DataStage
15 12 (2.55%) Blockchain
16 9 (1.91%) BigQuery
17 8 (1.70%) Oracle Database
17 8 (1.70%) Redis
17 8 (1.70%) Tableau
18 7 (1.49%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 69 (14.68%) Git (software)
2 46 (9.79%) Jenkins
3 40 (8.51%) JIRA
4 21 (4.47%) Selenium
5 18 (3.83%) Cucumber
5 18 (3.83%) Gatling
6 16 (3.40%) GitLab
6 16 (3.40%) Gradle
6 16 (3.40%) Maven
7 14 (2.98%) Bitbucket
7 14 (2.98%) TeamCity
8 11 (2.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 10 (2.13%) Hudson
9 10 (2.13%) Subversion
10 9 (1.91%) JUnit
11 7 (1.49%) Eclipse
12 6 (1.28%) Spinnaker
12 6 (1.28%) WebDriver
13 5 (1.06%) Leiningen
13 5 (1.06%) Mercurial
General
1 77 (16.38%) Finance
2 68 (14.47%) Banking
3 55 (11.70%) Front Office
4 28 (5.96%) Public Sector
5 27 (5.74%) Investment Banking
6 6 (1.28%) Telecoms
7 5 (1.06%) Electronics
8 4 (0.85%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.85%) Games
8 4 (0.85%) Marketing
9 3 (0.64%) Retail
10 2 (0.43%) Advertising
11 1 (0.21%) Automotive
11 1 (0.21%) Law
11 1 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.21%) Publishing
11 1 (0.21%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.21%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 263 (55.96%) Developer
2 121 (25.74%) Scala Developer
3 92 (19.57%) Java Developer
4 88 (18.72%) Data Engineer
5 61 (12.98%) Senior Developer
6 38 (8.09%) Senior Scala Developer
7 32 (6.81%) DevOps Engineer
8 31 (6.60%) Software Engineer
9 30 (6.38%) Java Engineer
10 28 (5.96%) Azure Engineer
10 28 (5.96%) Java Scala Developer
11 23 (4.89%) Big Data Engineer
12 22 (4.68%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 22 (4.68%) Python Engineer
13 20 (4.26%) Architect
14 19 (4.04%) Agile Developer
14 19 (4.04%) Senior Java Developer
15 17 (3.62%) Python Developer
16 16 (3.40%) Backend Developer
17 13 (2.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (19.79%) Kafka
2 63 (13.40%) Spring
3 48 (10.21%) React
4 43 (9.15%) Akka
4 43 (9.15%) Web Services
5 42 (8.94%) Node.js
6 41 (8.72%) HTML
6 41 (8.72%) RESTful
7 40 (8.51%) Play Framework
8 37 (7.87%) CSS
9 36 (7.66%) AngularJS
10 34 (7.23%) JSON
11 31 (6.60%) Spring Boot
12 30 (6.38%) HTML5
13 26 (5.53%) PySpark
14 25 (5.32%) XML
15 24 (5.11%) REST
16 19 (4.04%) CSS3
17 17 (3.62%) J2EE
17 17 (3.62%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 39 (8.30%) Derivative
2 38 (8.09%) Analytical Skills
3 29 (6.17%) Equities
4 28 (5.96%) Fixed Income
4 28 (5.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 21 (4.47%) Hedge funds
6 16 (3.40%) Algorithms
7 14 (2.98%) Greenfield Project
7 14 (2.98%) User Experience
8 13 (2.77%) Data Structures
8 13 (2.77%) Hybrid Cloud
9 10 (2.13%) Reference Data
10 9 (1.91%) Credit Risk
11 8 (1.70%) Bitcoin
11 8 (1.70%) Virtual Team
12 6 (1.28%) Cloud Native
13 5 (1.06%) Mainframe
13 5 (1.06%) Market Risk
13 5 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
14 4 (0.85%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 57 (12.13%) Linux
2 21 (4.47%) Unix
3 10 (2.13%) Windows
4 8 (1.70%) Android
4 8 (1.70%) Debian
5 7 (1.49%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.06%) CentOS
6 5 (1.06%) Mac OS X
6 5 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (1.06%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.21%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.21%) Tizen
7 1 (0.21%) webOS
7 1 (0.21%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 223 (47.45%) Agile Software Development
2 123 (26.17%) Microservices
3 119 (25.32%) DevOps
4 118 (25.11%) TDD
5 104 (22.13%) Software Engineering
6 80 (17.02%) Continuous Integration
7 71 (15.11%) Test Automation
8 61 (12.98%) Data Modelling
9 57 (12.13%) Scrum
10 55 (11.70%) ETL
11 54 (11.49%) Continuous Delivery
12 48 (10.21%) Analytics
13 47 (10.00%) BDD
13 47 (10.00%) OO
14 40 (8.51%) Computer Science
15 39 (8.30%) Data Engineering
16 37 (7.87%) Problem-Solving
17 36 (7.66%) Data Science
18 35 (7.45%) Business Intelligence
19 34 (7.23%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 316 (67.23%) Java
2 188 (40.00%) Python
3 145 (30.85%) SQL
4 92 (19.57%) Kotlin
5 91 (19.36%) JavaScript
6 46 (9.79%) Go
7 43 (9.15%) Java 8
8 39 (8.30%) C#
9 33 (7.02%) C++
10 30 (6.38%) Ruby
11 27 (5.74%) TypeScript
12 24 (5.11%) Clojure
13 22 (4.68%) Groovy
14 21 (4.47%) PL/SQL
14 21 (4.47%) Shell Script
15 20 (4.26%) Bash Shell
16 19 (4.04%) R
17 12 (2.55%) Haskell
18 8 (1.70%) Perl
18 8 (1.70%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 37 (7.87%) Degree
2 35 (7.45%) Security Cleared
3 30 (6.38%) SC Cleared
4 11 (2.34%) Numerate Degree
5 9 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (1.06%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.85%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.64%) PhD
9 2 (0.43%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.21%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.21%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (4.04%) QA
2 8 (1.70%) MiFID
3 7 (1.49%) WCAG
4 5 (1.06%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.21%) SLA
System Software
1 59 (12.55%) Docker
2 29 (6.17%) HDFS
3 4 (0.85%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 96 (20.43%) Kubernetes
2 62 (13.19%) Terraform
3 22 (4.68%) Prometheus
4 19 (4.04%) Ansible
5 15 (3.19%) Kibana
6 13 (2.77%) Puppet
7 11 (2.34%) Zipkin
8 10 (2.13%) Grafana
9 8 (1.70%) Packer
10 5 (1.06%) Salt
11 4 (0.85%) Hadoop YARN
11 4 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
12 2 (0.43%) Istio
Vendors
1 43 (9.15%) Databricks
2 37 (7.87%) Cloudera
3 27 (5.74%) Google
4 23 (4.89%) Oracle
5 14 (2.98%) BEA
5 14 (2.98%) webMethods
6 12 (2.55%) Hortonworks
7 9 (1.91%) Microsoft
8 8 (1.70%) Bloomberg
8 8 (1.70%) Red Hat
8 8 (1.70%) Splunk
9 7 (1.49%) Cognizant
9 7 (1.49%) Sybase
10 6 (1.28%) StreamSets
11 5 (1.06%) Axway
11 5 (1.06%) MuleSoft
11 5 (1.06%) Sparx
12 4 (0.85%) Blue Prism
12 4 (0.85%) UiPath
13 3 (0.64%) Talend