Period
to 20 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 20 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 157 129 161
Rank change year-on-year -28 +32 +90
Contract jobs citing Scala 1,796 1,927 1,824
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.76% 2.01% 1.68%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.96% 4.79% 4.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,214 1,373 1,338
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - -4.55%
10th Percentile £415 £386 £398
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 0
UK median hourly rate £45.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.25 - -

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,317 40,204 42,557
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.33% 42.02% 39.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,782 27,637 29,249
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £280
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 732 769 911
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £16.52 £16.00 £13.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.47% +8.00% +4.17%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Scala.

Contractor daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 1,673 £550 +4.76% 340
London -26 1,138 £550 - 211
UK excluding London -11 635 £500 +5.26% 149
South East +16 221 £500 +2.41% 38
North of England -70 161 £475 +2.98% 46
Yorkshire -38 94 £475 - 19
Midlands -22 75 £475 - 18
Scotland -9 66 £475 +11.76% 14
North West +34 63 £475 - 23
East of England +21 52 £475 -5.00% 15
West Midlands -30 47 £450 -5.26% 9
East Midlands +5 28 £500 -2.44% 9
Northern Ireland +48 23 £525 - 5
South West -10 22 £550 +25.71% 12
Wales -6 15 £538 +7.50% 1
North East -70 4 £525 +50.00% 4

For the 6 months to 20 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 1,269 (70.66%) Java
2 934 (52.00%) Agile Software Development
3 643 (35.80%) Python
4 549 (30.57%) Apache Spark
5 536 (29.84%) TDD
6 535 (29.79%) Big Data
7 485 (27.00%) Hadoop
8 442 (24.61%) NoSQL
9 435 (24.22%) SQL
10 397 (22.10%) Git (software)
11 389 (21.66%) Amazon AWS
12 386 (21.49%) Docker
13 373 (20.77%) JavaScript
14 370 (20.60%) Linux
15 369 (20.55%) Kafka
16 362 (20.16%) Jenkins
17 351 (19.54%) Microservices
18 343 (19.10%) Continuous Integration
19 340 (18.93%) Scrum
20 333 (18.54%) DevOps
21 306 (17.04%) BDD
22 296 (16.48%) Open Source
23 294 (16.37%) Analytics
24 292 (16.26%) Spring
25 289 (16.09%) RESTful
26 288 (16.04%) Finance
27 272 (15.14%) Play Framework
28 271 (15.09%) MongoDB
29 269 (14.98%) Test Automation
30 252 (14.03%) REST

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 549 (30.57%) Apache Spark
2 196 (10.91%) Apache
3 136 (7.57%) Elasticsearch
4 87 (4.84%) Confluence
5 72 (4.01%) Tomcat
6 60 (3.34%) Apache Pig
7 40 (2.23%) Apache Solr
8 36 (2.00%) MQSeries
8 36 (2.00%) nginx
9 35 (1.95%) WebSphere
10 34 (1.89%) WebLogic
11 30 (1.67%) SAS
12 28 (1.56%) JBoss
13 26 (1.45%) Apache Airflow
14 16 (0.89%) Cloud Foundry
15 12 (0.67%) OpenStack
16 9 (0.50%) Luigi
17 8 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
17 8 (0.45%) WildFly
18 7 (0.39%) SharePoint
Applications
1 8 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.28%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.056%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 14 (0.78%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (0.39%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.11%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.11%) PolarLake
4 1 (0.056%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 389 (21.66%) Amazon AWS
2 130 (7.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 86 (4.79%) GitHub
4 73 (4.06%) Google Cloud Platform
5 59 (3.29%) Amazon EC2
5 59 (3.29%) Amazon S3
6 56 (3.12%) Amazon EMR
7 42 (2.34%) Google Analytics
8 31 (1.73%) Amazon Kinesis
9 23 (1.28%) Cloud Computing
10 14 (0.78%) PaaS
11 8 (0.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 8 (0.45%) Serverless
12 6 (0.33%) AWS Lambda
13 5 (0.28%) Datadog
13 5 (0.28%) Heroku
13 5 (0.28%) npm
13 5 (0.28%) SaaS
13 5 (0.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 4 (0.22%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 112 (6.24%) HTTP
2 54 (3.01%) TCP/IP
3 51 (2.84%) SSL
4 18 (1.00%) Kerberos
5 12 (0.67%) Internet
6 11 (0.61%) Firewall
6 11 (0.61%) VPN
7 10 (0.56%) DNS
8 6 (0.33%) SMS
8 6 (0.33%) SNA
9 5 (0.28%) BIG-IP
9 5 (0.28%) ICMP
10 4 (0.22%) LAN
11 3 (0.17%) DSL
11 3 (0.17%) SSH
12 2 (0.11%) Network Security
12 2 (0.11%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
13 1 (0.056%) FTP
13 1 (0.056%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 535 (29.79%) Big Data
2 485 (27.00%) Hadoop
3 442 (24.61%) NoSQL
4 271 (15.09%) MongoDB
5 226 (12.58%) Apache Hive
6 219 (12.19%) Apache Cassandra
7 185 (10.30%) Relational Database
8 156 (8.69%) HBase
9 130 (7.24%) PostgreSQL
10 93 (5.18%) SQL Server
11 91 (5.07%) Amazon Redshift
12 87 (4.84%) Data Warehouse
13 86 (4.79%) MySQL
14 82 (4.57%) Impala
15 66 (3.67%) RDBMS
16 52 (2.90%) Couchbase
17 47 (2.62%) Sqoop
18 43 (2.39%) Data Lake
19 35 (1.95%) Power BI
20 32 (1.78%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 397 (22.10%) Git (software)
2 362 (20.16%) Jenkins
3 167 (9.30%) JIRA
4 137 (7.63%) Selenium
5 119 (6.63%) JUnit
6 117 (6.51%) Maven
7 100 (5.57%) Cucumber
8 82 (4.57%) IntelliJ
9 63 (3.51%) Subversion
10 55 (3.06%) Gatling
11 45 (2.51%) Hudson
12 44 (2.45%) Ant
13 43 (2.39%) SoapUI
14 41 (2.28%) Eclipse
15 39 (2.17%) Gradle
16 37 (2.06%) Visual Studio Team System
17 31 (1.73%) Mercurial
17 31 (1.73%) Mockito
18 30 (1.67%) JMeter
19 25 (1.39%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 288 (16.04%) Finance
2 119 (6.63%) Banking
3 76 (4.23%) Games
4 58 (3.23%) Front Office
5 57 (3.17%) Retail
6 44 (2.45%) Investment Banking
7 36 (2.00%) Telecoms
8 19 (1.06%) Publishing
9 15 (0.84%) Advertising
10 13 (0.72%) Marketing
11 11 (0.61%) Back Office
11 11 (0.61%) Legal
12 10 (0.56%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.45%) Retail Banking
14 7 (0.39%) Law
15 3 (0.17%) Private Banking
16 2 (0.11%) Manufacturing
16 2 (0.11%) Wholesale Banking
17 1 (0.056%) International Banking
17 1 (0.056%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 1,042 (58.02%) Developer
2 465 (25.89%) Scala Developer
3 386 (21.49%) Java Developer
4 260 (14.48%) Data Engineer
5 147 (8.18%) Big Data Engineer
6 139 (7.74%) Senior Developer
7 108 (6.01%) Java Scala Developer
8 98 (5.46%) Big Data Developer
9 78 (4.34%) Architect
9 78 (4.34%) Software Engineer
10 66 (3.67%) AWS Engineer
11 63 (3.51%) Data Scientist
12 61 (3.40%) Senior Scala Developer
13 58 (3.23%) DevOps Engineer
13 58 (3.23%) Senior Data Engineer
13 58 (3.23%) Senior Java Developer
14 54 (3.01%) Java Engineer
15 51 (2.84%) Agile Developer
15 51 (2.84%) Full Stack Developer
16 47 (2.62%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 369 (20.55%) Kafka
2 292 (16.26%) Spring
3 289 (16.09%) RESTful
4 272 (15.14%) Play Framework
5 252 (14.03%) REST
6 225 (12.53%) HTML
7 193 (10.75%) JSON
8 189 (10.52%) CSS
9 186 (10.36%) Node.js
9 186 (10.36%) Web Services
10 158 (8.80%) HTML5
11 152 (8.46%) AngularJS
12 151 (8.41%) Akka
13 137 (7.63%) Hibernate
14 133 (7.41%) React
15 104 (5.79%) XML
16 93 (5.18%) Spring MVC
17 88 (4.90%) CSS3
18 87 (4.84%) Spring Boot
19 76 (4.23%) Spark Streaming
Miscellaneous
1 138 (7.68%) Algorithms
2 130 (7.24%) Greenfield Project
3 96 (5.35%) Analytical Skills
4 88 (4.90%) Computer Science
5 69 (3.84%) Derivative
6 61 (3.40%) Data Structures
7 55 (3.06%) Enterprise Software
8 53 (2.95%) Fintech
9 52 (2.90%) User Experience
10 36 (2.00%) Fixed Income
11 34 (1.89%) Public Cloud
12 31 (1.73%) Equity Derivative
13 27 (1.50%) Linux Command Line
14 26 (1.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 24 (1.34%) HoloLens
16 19 (1.06%) Mobile App
17 17 (0.95%) Equities
18 15 (0.84%) Self-Motivation
19 12 (0.67%) Market Risk
20 11 (0.61%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 370 (20.60%) Linux
2 164 (9.13%) Unix
3 61 (3.40%) Windows
4 52 (2.90%) Ubuntu
5 16 (0.89%) Android
6 15 (0.84%) CentOS
7 12 (0.67%) Mac OS X
8 11 (0.61%) Apple iOS
9 9 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.22%) Windows Server
11 3 (0.17%) Debian
11 3 (0.17%) Mesosphere
12 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.056%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 934 (52.00%) Agile Software Development
2 536 (29.84%) TDD
3 351 (19.54%) Microservices
4 343 (19.10%) Continuous Integration
5 340 (18.93%) Scrum
6 333 (18.54%) DevOps
7 306 (17.04%) BDD
8 296 (16.48%) Open Source
9 294 (16.37%) Analytics
10 269 (14.98%) Test Automation
11 236 (13.14%) Software Engineering
12 235 (13.08%) Problem-Solving
13 231 (12.86%) Data Science
14 217 (12.08%) Kanban
15 181 (10.08%) Machine Learning
16 178 (9.91%) Pair Programming
17 165 (9.19%) Continuous Delivery
18 151 (8.41%) ETL
19 146 (8.13%) OO
20 137 (7.63%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,269 (70.66%) Java
2 643 (35.80%) Python
3 435 (24.22%) SQL
4 373 (20.77%) JavaScript
5 194 (10.80%) Ruby
6 183 (10.19%) Groovy
7 180 (10.02%) Java 8
8 151 (8.41%) C#
9 130 (7.24%) C++
10 97 (5.40%) R
11 79 (4.40%) Perl
12 70 (3.90%) Go
13 66 (3.67%) Bash Shell
14 65 (3.62%) Shell Script
15 63 (3.51%) Clojure
16 47 (2.62%) Haskell
17 36 (2.00%) Java 9
18 34 (1.89%) Kotlin
19 31 (1.73%) PL/SQL
20 27 (1.50%) C
Qualifications
1 81 (4.51%) Degree
2 47 (2.62%) Security Cleared
3 45 (2.51%) BPSS Clearance
4 34 (1.89%) SC Cleared
5 30 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
6 18 (1.00%) PhD
7 13 (0.72%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.33%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.22%) A+ Certification
9 4 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.17%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.17%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.11%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.11%) MBA
11 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.11%) Sun Certification
12 1 (0.056%) CISM
12 1 (0.056%) CISSP
12 1 (0.056%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.056%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (4.01%) QA
2 41 (2.28%) GCP
3 29 (1.61%) Data Quality
4 16 (0.89%) GDPR
5 6 (0.33%) MiFID
6 5 (0.28%) EMIR
7 4 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.22%) HIPAA
7 4 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.11%) PMO
8 2 (0.11%) WCAG
9 1 (0.056%) HL7
System Software
1 386 (21.49%) Docker
2 101 (5.62%) HDFS
3 42 (2.34%) Apache Flume
4 28 (1.56%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (1.00%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.33%) LXC
7 3 (0.17%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.11%) Ceph
9 1 (0.056%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 186 (10.36%) Kubernetes
2 131 (7.29%) Ansible
3 130 (7.24%) Puppet
4 74 (4.12%) Kibana
5 55 (3.06%) Terraform
6 53 (2.95%) Grafana
7 49 (2.73%) Opscode Chef
8 42 (2.34%) Hadoop YARN
9 41 (2.28%) Oozie
10 38 (2.12%) Mesos
11 23 (1.28%) logstash
12 19 (1.06%) Salt
13 16 (0.89%) Packer
13 16 (0.89%) Prometheus
14 12 (0.67%) Ambari
15 10 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
16 9 (0.50%) Consul
17 7 (0.39%) Nagios
18 6 (0.33%) Control-M
19 5 (0.28%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 153 (8.52%) Google
2 119 (6.63%) Oracle
3 71 (3.95%) Cloudera
4 53 (2.95%) Hortonworks
5 50 (2.78%) Tableau
6 47 (2.62%) Splunk
7 33 (1.84%) MapR
8 32 (1.78%) Atlassian
8 32 (1.78%) Microsoft
9 29 (1.61%) Talend
10 27 (1.50%) Informatica
11 25 (1.39%) Adobe
11 25 (1.39%) Capita
12 23 (1.28%) AppDynamics
12 23 (1.28%) SaltStack
13 21 (1.17%) webMethods
14 15 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
15 14 (0.78%) Alteryx
15 14 (0.78%) Databricks
16 13 (0.72%) SOASTA, Inc