Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 163 147 127
Rank change year-on-year -16 -20 +82
Contract jobs citing Scala 1,756 1,898 2,112
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.67% 1.85% 2.06%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.74% 4.41% 5.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,165 1,451 1,583
UK median daily rate £550 £538 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% -4.55%
10th Percentile £413 £410 £400
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 1
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £100.00
10th Percentile £23.59 - £90.00
90th Percentile £134.86 - £110.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.50 - -

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,973 43,021 41,510
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.71% 41.99% 40.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,096 30,172 28,484
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £308 £285
90th Percentile £642 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 692 780 864
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £39.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.98% +4.60%
10th Percentile £16.29 £16.25 £14.44
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £39.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.27% +5.33%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Scala.

Contractor daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -33 1,612 £550 +2.33% 390
London -36 1,016 £585 +6.36% 265
UK excluding London +14 702 £500 +1.01% 139
South East -7 260 £513 +2.50% 39
North of England -21 152 £475 -4.04% 41
Midlands +4 95 £440 -7.37% 13
Yorkshire -22 81 £475 - 25
West Midlands -12 67 £440 -2.22% 10
Scotland +20 62 £435 -3.33% 9
North West +18 51 £475 -5.00% 13
South West -12 47 £525 +10.53% 13
East of England +1 32 £475 +15.15% 19
Wales -5 32 £500 +11.11%
East Midlands +15 28 £418 -23.22% 3
Northern Ireland +46 23 £495 - 5
North East -39 20 £490 +8.89% 3

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 1,209 (68.85%) Java
2 930 (52.96%) Agile Software Development
3 656 (37.36%) Python
4 525 (29.90%) TDD
5 482 (27.45%) Apache Spark
6 442 (25.17%) Hadoop
7 437 (24.89%) Big Data
8 434 (24.72%) Docker
9 409 (23.29%) Microservices
10 402 (22.89%) Jenkins
11 395 (22.49%) Git (software)
12 394 (22.44%) SQL
13 369 (21.01%) Amazon AWS
13 369 (21.01%) Kafka
14 367 (20.90%) Play Framework
15 361 (20.56%) JavaScript
16 359 (20.44%) NoSQL
17 341 (19.42%) Spring
18 337 (19.19%) RESTful
19 334 (19.02%) Scrum
20 328 (18.68%) DevOps
21 312 (17.77%) Continuous Integration
22 308 (17.54%) Finance
23 305 (17.37%) Open Source
24 303 (17.26%) MongoDB
25 302 (17.20%) BDD
26 297 (16.91%) REST
27 289 (16.46%) Test Automation
28 288 (16.40%) Linux
29 250 (14.24%) Web Services

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 482 (27.45%) Apache Spark
2 160 (9.11%) Apache
3 122 (6.95%) Confluence
4 114 (6.49%) Elasticsearch
5 66 (3.76%) MQSeries
6 53 (3.02%) WebLogic
7 45 (2.56%) Apache Solr
8 42 (2.39%) nginx
8 42 (2.39%) Tomcat
9 39 (2.22%) JBoss
10 36 (2.05%) SAS
11 34 (1.94%) Apache Pig
12 21 (1.20%) Apache Airflow
13 19 (1.08%) Oracle Coherence
14 18 (1.03%) SharePoint
15 12 (0.68%) WebSphere
16 7 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 4 (0.23%) Mule
18 3 (0.17%) CMS
18 3 (0.17%) Luigi
Applications
1 3 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 14 (0.80%) Distributed Ledger
2 9 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.11%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.11%) PolarLake
4 1 (0.057%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 369 (21.01%) Amazon AWS
2 130 (7.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 95 (5.41%) Google Cloud Platform
4 82 (4.67%) GitHub
5 67 (3.82%) Amazon S3
6 62 (3.53%) Amazon EMR
7 55 (3.13%) Google Analytics
8 46 (2.62%) Amazon EC2
9 40 (2.28%) Cloud Computing
10 39 (2.22%) Amazon Kinesis
11 35 (1.99%) Serverless
12 28 (1.59%) AWS Lambda
13 16 (0.91%) PaaS
14 14 (0.80%) AWS CloudFormation
15 11 (0.63%) SaaS
16 10 (0.57%) Slack
17 9 (0.51%) Dynamics 365
18 8 (0.46%) Heroku
19 6 (0.34%) Datadog
20 5 (0.28%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 125 (7.12%) HTTP
2 51 (2.90%) TCP/IP
3 45 (2.56%) SSL
4 11 (0.63%) Internet
5 10 (0.57%) Kerberos
5 10 (0.57%) Skype
6 8 (0.46%) VPN
7 7 (0.40%) DNS
7 7 (0.40%) Firewall
8 4 (0.23%) LAN
8 4 (0.23%) SNA
9 3 (0.17%) ICMP
10 1 (0.057%) Network Security
10 1 (0.057%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 442 (25.17%) Hadoop
2 437 (24.89%) Big Data
3 359 (20.44%) NoSQL
4 303 (17.26%) MongoDB
5 228 (12.98%) Apache Hive
6 216 (12.30%) Apache Cassandra
7 207 (11.79%) Relational Database
8 133 (7.57%) HBase
9 85 (4.84%) Impala
10 82 (4.67%) SQL Server
11 77 (4.38%) Couchbase
12 68 (3.87%) RDBMS
13 66 (3.76%) PostgreSQL
14 63 (3.59%) Data Warehouse
15 55 (3.13%) Amazon Redshift
15 55 (3.13%) Data Lake
16 46 (2.62%) Sqoop
17 44 (2.51%) MySQL
18 40 (2.28%) Power BI
19 29 (1.65%) Spark SQL
Development Applications
1 402 (22.89%) Jenkins
2 395 (22.49%) Git (software)
3 167 (9.51%) JIRA
4 150 (8.54%) JUnit
5 148 (8.43%) Selenium
6 124 (7.06%) Maven
7 122 (6.95%) Cucumber
8 94 (5.35%) Gatling
9 84 (4.78%) IntelliJ
10 75 (4.27%) Subversion
11 65 (3.70%) Hudson
12 64 (3.64%) Gradle
13 53 (3.02%) gulp
14 51 (2.90%) Eclipse
15 46 (2.62%) Sublime Text
16 43 (2.45%) Ant
17 33 (1.88%) Grunt
17 33 (1.88%) Karma Test Runner
18 31 (1.77%) WebDriver
19 26 (1.48%) JMeter
General
1 308 (17.54%) Finance
2 142 (8.09%) Banking
3 78 (4.44%) Games
4 67 (3.82%) Front Office
5 43 (2.45%) Retail
6 36 (2.05%) Investment Banking
7 23 (1.31%) Marketing
8 22 (1.25%) Publishing
9 19 (1.08%) Legal
9 19 (1.08%) Telecoms
10 18 (1.03%) Advertising
11 16 (0.91%) Back Office
12 12 (0.68%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.28%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.23%) Automotive
15 3 (0.17%) Law
16 2 (0.11%) Aerospace
17 1 (0.057%) Dutch Language
17 1 (0.057%) Manufacturing
17 1 (0.057%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,023 (58.26%) Developer
2 492 (28.02%) Scala Developer
3 375 (21.36%) Java Developer
4 251 (14.29%) Data Engineer
5 143 (8.14%) Senior Developer
6 125 (7.12%) Big Data Engineer
7 99 (5.64%) Java Scala Developer
8 80 (4.56%) Senior Scala Developer
9 79 (4.50%) DevOps Engineer
10 71 (4.04%) Architect
11 68 (3.87%) Agile Developer
12 65 (3.70%) Big Data Developer
13 63 (3.59%) Data Scientist
14 61 (3.47%) Java Engineer
15 57 (3.25%) Senior Java Developer
16 51 (2.90%) AWS Developer
17 49 (2.79%) Software Engineer
18 44 (2.51%) Lead Developer
19 40 (2.28%) Hadoop Developer
20 39 (2.22%) Hadoop Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 369 (21.01%) Kafka
2 367 (20.90%) Play Framework
3 341 (19.42%) Spring
4 337 (19.19%) RESTful
5 297 (16.91%) REST
6 250 (14.24%) Web Services
7 237 (13.50%) HTML
8 203 (11.56%) CSS
9 191 (10.88%) JSON
10 188 (10.71%) Node.js
11 158 (9.00%) Akka
12 156 (8.88%) HTML5
13 152 (8.66%) Spring MVC
14 147 (8.37%) Hibernate
15 138 (7.86%) Spring Boot
16 129 (7.35%) AngularJS
17 108 (6.15%) XML
18 92 (5.24%) Django
19 90 (5.13%) Ruby on Rails
20 89 (5.07%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 177 (10.08%) Greenfield Project
2 134 (7.63%) Algorithms
3 80 (4.56%) Analytical Skills
4 65 (3.70%) Data Structures
5 44 (2.51%) Fintech
6 41 (2.33%) Derivative
7 36 (2.05%) Enterprise Software
8 34 (1.94%) User Experience
9 28 (1.59%) Mobile App
10 25 (1.42%) Equities
11 24 (1.37%) Fixed Income
12 22 (1.25%) Market Risk
13 21 (1.20%) Public Cloud
14 20 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 19 (1.08%) Hedge funds
16 18 (1.03%) iPad
17 14 (0.80%) Data Centre
17 14 (0.80%) Grid Computing
18 13 (0.74%) HoloLens
18 13 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 288 (16.40%) Linux
2 139 (7.92%) Unix
3 62 (3.53%) Windows
4 45 (2.56%) Ubuntu
5 15 (0.85%) Mac OS X
6 13 (0.74%) Android
7 10 (0.57%) Mac OS
8 8 (0.46%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.23%) Mesosphere
10 2 (0.11%) CentOS
10 2 (0.11%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 930 (52.96%) Agile Software Development
2 525 (29.90%) TDD
3 409 (23.29%) Microservices
4 334 (19.02%) Scrum
5 328 (18.68%) DevOps
6 312 (17.77%) Continuous Integration
7 305 (17.37%) Open Source
8 302 (17.20%) BDD
9 289 (16.46%) Test Automation
10 248 (14.12%) Analytics
11 233 (13.27%) Problem-Solving
12 200 (11.39%) Kanban
12 200 (11.39%) Software Engineering
13 198 (11.28%) Data Science
14 183 (10.42%) Functional Programming
15 176 (10.02%) Pair Programming
16 161 (9.17%) MVC
17 158 (9.00%) Continuous Delivery
18 157 (8.94%) Configuration Management
19 142 (8.09%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 1,209 (68.85%) Java
2 656 (37.36%) Python
3 394 (22.44%) SQL
4 361 (20.56%) JavaScript
5 221 (12.59%) Ruby
6 190 (10.82%) Java 8
7 180 (10.25%) Groovy
8 162 (9.23%) C#
9 86 (4.90%) C++
10 76 (4.33%) Haskell
11 75 (4.27%) R
12 69 (3.93%) Perl
13 66 (3.76%) Java 9
14 64 (3.64%) Bash Shell
15 62 (3.53%) Go
16 60 (3.42%) Clojure
17 43 (2.45%) MATLAB
18 42 (2.39%) Kotlin
19 26 (1.48%) Shell Script
20 25 (1.42%) C
Qualifications
1 99 (5.64%) Degree
2 73 (4.16%) BPSS Clearance
3 36 (2.05%) Security Cleared
4 30 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (1.65%) SC Cleared
6 28 (1.59%) Master's Degree
7 26 (1.48%) PhD
8 7 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.17%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.11%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.11%) ISEB
10 2 (0.11%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.11%) MBA
10 2 (0.11%) Sun Certification
11 1 (0.057%) APMP
11 1 (0.057%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.057%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (4.90%) QA
2 17 (0.97%) Data Quality
3 15 (0.85%) GDPR
4 10 (0.57%) WCAG
5 6 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.23%) EMIR
6 4 (0.23%) MiFID
7 2 (0.11%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.057%) HL7
8 1 (0.057%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 434 (24.72%) Docker
2 65 (3.70%) HDFS
3 44 (2.51%) Apache Flume
4 22 (1.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 16 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
7 4 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
8 3 (0.17%) LXC
9 2 (0.11%) Active Directory
10 1 (0.057%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 1 (0.057%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 226 (12.87%) Kubernetes
2 98 (5.58%) Ansible
3 87 (4.95%) Puppet
4 80 (4.56%) Kibana
5 75 (4.27%) Terraform
6 66 (3.76%) Grafana
7 49 (2.79%) Hadoop YARN
8 27 (1.54%) Oozie
9 25 (1.42%) Mesos
10 23 (1.31%) Prometheus
11 22 (1.25%) logstash
11 22 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
12 16 (0.91%) Graphite
13 11 (0.63%) Control-M
14 8 (0.46%) Packer
15 7 (0.40%) Ambari
15 7 (0.40%) Consul
15 7 (0.40%) Marathon
16 6 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
16 6 (0.34%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 212 (12.07%) Google
2 123 (7.00%) Oracle
3 84 (4.78%) Cloudera
4 53 (3.02%) Hortonworks
5 44 (2.51%) Microsoft
5 44 (2.51%) Tableau
6 33 (1.88%) Adobe
6 33 (1.88%) Splunk
7 30 (1.71%) webMethods
8 29 (1.65%) Informatica
9 26 (1.48%) MapR
10 24 (1.37%) Atlassian
11 22 (1.25%) Teradata
12 19 (1.08%) Databricks
13 18 (1.03%) Bloomberg
14 16 (0.91%) Reuters
14 16 (0.91%) SOASTA, Inc
15 15 (0.85%) Alteryx
15 15 (0.85%) AppDynamics
15 15 (0.85%) SaltStack