Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 180 157 145
Rank change year-on-year -23 -12 -15
Contract jobs citing Scala 1,241 1,812 1,934
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.47% 1.74% 1.88%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.54% 3.89% 4.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 934 1,204 1,453
UK median daily rate £575 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +2.33% +4.67%
10th Percentile £425 £413 £405
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £506 £495 £488
% change year-on-year +2.27% +1.54% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 8 0
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £24.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.32% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £23.49 -
% change year-on-year -31.89% - -

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,043 46,581 43,272
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.61% 44.63% 42.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,213 32,786 30,209
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £321 £315 £308
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 709 698 804
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £41.57 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.44% +3.93% +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.70 £16.90 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.27 £40.50
% change year-on-year +0.56% +4.36% +8.00%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Scala.

Contractor daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -25 1,133 £575 +4.55% 313
London +11 847 £600 +4.35% 197
UK excluding London -86 364 £506 +2.27% 129
South East -59 117 £475 -7.09% 26
North of England -24 92 £475 +2.70% 39
Scotland +27 63 £525 +16.02% 10
South West +17 42 £575 +8.49% 11
Yorkshire -17 37 £475 - 21
North West -18 35 £525 +13.51% 13
Midlands -20 28 £525 +20.69% 21
North East +22 20 £391 -21.75% 5
West Midlands -15 17 £481 +9.38% 10
East Midlands +5 11 £525 +29.63% 11
Wales +10 9 £325 -35.00% 1
East of England -4 7 £475 -1.81% 19
Northern Ireland -12 6 £575 +15.00% 3

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 670 (53.99%) Java
2 587 (47.30%) Agile Software Development
3 535 (43.11%) Python
4 404 (32.55%) Apache Spark
5 367 (29.57%) SQL
6 362 (29.17%) Big Data
7 344 (27.72%) AWS
8 329 (26.51%) Hadoop
9 322 (25.95%) Kafka
10 304 (24.50%) TDD
11 241 (19.42%) DevOps
12 221 (17.81%) Docker
13 211 (17.00%) Git (software)
14 203 (16.36%) Finance
15 197 (15.87%) Banking
16 196 (15.79%) Continuous Integration
17 192 (15.47%) Jenkins
18 189 (15.23%) Microservices
19 187 (15.07%) JavaScript
20 184 (14.83%) Test Automation
21 181 (14.59%) Analytics
22 176 (14.18%) Apache Hive
23 172 (13.86%) GCP
24 166 (13.38%) Azure
24 166 (13.38%) Google
25 161 (12.97%) Play Framework
26 157 (12.65%) Linux
27 156 (12.57%) NoSQL
28 152 (12.25%) Scrum
29 150 (12.09%) Data Science

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 404 (32.55%) Apache Spark
2 102 (8.22%) Apache
3 48 (3.87%) Elasticsearch
4 43 (3.46%) Confluence
5 37 (2.98%) WebLogic
6 33 (2.66%) Apache Airflow
7 21 (1.69%) JBoss
8 18 (1.45%) Tomcat
9 15 (1.21%) nginx
10 14 (1.13%) Jupyter
10 14 (1.13%) SAS
11 11 (0.89%) Apache Solr
12 8 (0.64%) Luigi
13 7 (0.56%) Jetty
14 6 (0.48%) Apache Pig
14 6 (0.48%) Oracle Self-Service HR
15 5 (0.40%) Oracle Coherence
16 3 (0.24%) OpenStack
17 2 (0.16%) CMS
17 2 (0.16%) DNN
Applications
1 12 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.081%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (0.56%) Distributed Ledger
1 7 (0.56%) FINCAD Analytics
2 4 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.16%) thinkFolio
4 1 (0.081%) Raiser's Edge
Cloud Services
1 344 (27.72%) AWS
2 172 (13.86%) GCP
3 166 (13.38%) Azure
4 80 (6.45%) Serverless
5 77 (6.20%) Amazon S3
6 67 (5.40%) GitHub
7 54 (4.35%) Amazon Kinesis
8 51 (4.11%) AWS Lambda
9 49 (3.95%) Amazon EMR
10 45 (3.63%) Power Platform
11 41 (3.30%) Amazon EC2
12 37 (2.98%) Google Analytics
13 33 (2.66%) Azure Data Factory
14 27 (2.18%) AWS CloudFormation
15 24 (1.93%) Amazon SQS
16 19 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
17 16 (1.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 16 (1.29%) Azure Functions
18 15 (1.21%) OpenShift
19 14 (1.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 79 (6.37%) HTTP
2 36 (2.90%) SSL
2 36 (2.90%) TCP/IP
3 17 (1.37%) DSL
4 15 (1.21%) Internet
5 10 (0.81%) Firewall
6 6 (0.48%) SSH
7 4 (0.32%) PuTTY
8 3 (0.24%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.16%) FTP
9 2 (0.16%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.081%) DNS
10 1 (0.081%) LAN
10 1 (0.081%) Software-Defined Networking
10 1 (0.081%) Unified Communications
10 1 (0.081%) VPN
10 1 (0.081%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 362 (29.17%) Big Data
2 329 (26.51%) Hadoop
3 176 (14.18%) Apache Hive
4 156 (12.57%) NoSQL
5 111 (8.94%) MongoDB
6 104 (8.38%) HBase
7 98 (7.90%) PostgreSQL
7 98 (7.90%) Relational Database
8 91 (7.33%) Impala
9 81 (6.53%) Apache Cassandra
10 74 (5.96%) Data Warehouse
11 73 (5.88%) Data Lake
12 71 (5.72%) Amazon Redshift
13 66 (5.32%) Spark SQL
14 58 (4.67%) MySQL
15 47 (3.79%) SQL Server
16 45 (3.63%) Power BI
17 42 (3.38%) Amazon Athena
18 40 (3.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 37 (2.98%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 211 (17.00%) Git (software)
2 192 (15.47%) Jenkins
3 90 (7.25%) Cucumber
4 80 (6.45%) Selenium
5 66 (5.32%) JIRA
6 55 (4.43%) JUnit
7 51 (4.11%) Gatling
8 41 (3.30%) Gradle
8 41 (3.30%) IntelliJ
9 40 (3.22%) Maven
10 32 (2.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 27 (2.18%) Hudson
12 26 (2.10%) Bitbucket
13 23 (1.85%) Ant
13 23 (1.85%) Eclipse
13 23 (1.85%) TeamCity
14 20 (1.61%) Subversion
15 19 (1.53%) CircleCI
16 18 (1.45%) Artifactory
17 17 (1.37%) Vagrant
General
1 203 (16.36%) Finance
2 197 (15.87%) Banking
3 91 (7.33%) Investment Banking
4 65 (5.24%) Front Office
5 40 (3.22%) Public Sector
6 26 (2.10%) Retail
7 23 (1.85%) Legal
8 20 (1.61%) Games
9 19 (1.53%) Retail Banking
10 18 (1.45%) Marketing
11 9 (0.73%) Publishing
12 8 (0.64%) Advertising
12 8 (0.64%) Financial Institution
13 7 (0.56%) Telecoms
14 6 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.32%) International Banking
16 3 (0.24%) Manufacturing
17 2 (0.16%) Automotive
17 2 (0.16%) Back Office
18 1 (0.081%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 647 (52.14%) Developer
2 369 (29.73%) Scala Developer
3 260 (20.95%) Data Engineer
4 134 (10.80%) Java Developer
5 96 (7.74%) Senior Developer
6 66 (5.32%) Architect
6 66 (5.32%) Big Data Engineer
7 61 (4.92%) Big Data Developer
8 59 (4.75%) AWS Engineer
9 55 (4.43%) Python Engineer
9 55 (4.43%) Senior Scala Developer
10 42 (3.38%) DevOps Engineer
10 42 (3.38%) Java Scala Developer
11 41 (3.30%) Agile Developer
12 39 (3.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 38 (3.06%) Data Scientist
13 38 (3.06%) Senior Data Engineer
14 36 (2.90%) Hadoop Developer
15 34 (2.74%) Python Developer
16 33 (2.66%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 322 (25.95%) Kafka
2 161 (12.97%) Play Framework
3 140 (11.28%) CSS
3 140 (11.28%) HTML
4 132 (10.64%) RESTful
5 118 (9.51%) Spring
6 115 (9.27%) JSON
7 114 (9.19%) REST
8 106 (8.54%) HTML5
9 101 (8.14%) Node.js
10 100 (8.06%) Akka
11 93 (7.49%) Web Services
12 92 (7.41%) React
13 76 (6.12%) XML
14 71 (5.72%) CSS3
15 62 (5.00%) AngularJS
16 59 (4.75%) Gherkin
17 48 (3.87%) PySpark
18 40 (3.22%) Spring Boot
19 39 (3.14%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 88 (7.09%) Greenfield Project
2 60 (4.83%) User Experience
3 56 (4.51%) Algorithms
4 47 (3.79%) Analytical Skills
4 47 (3.79%) Data Structures
5 41 (3.30%) Derivative
6 22 (1.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 19 (1.53%) Linux Command Line
8 17 (1.37%) Equity Derivative
8 17 (1.37%) Fixed Income
8 17 (1.37%) Market Risk
9 16 (1.29%) Reference Data
10 15 (1.21%) Credit Risk
11 14 (1.13%) Public Cloud
12 13 (1.05%) Self-Motivation
13 12 (0.97%) Mobile App
14 11 (0.89%) Hedge funds
15 9 (0.73%) Mobile Banking
16 8 (0.64%) Digital Media
16 8 (0.64%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 157 (12.65%) Linux
2 80 (6.45%) Unix
3 47 (3.79%) Windows
4 24 (1.93%) Ubuntu
5 16 (1.29%) Mac OS X
6 15 (1.21%) Apple iOS
7 11 (0.89%) Android
7 11 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.48%) CentOS
8 6 (0.48%) Debian
9 3 (0.24%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.16%) VMS
11 1 (0.081%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 587 (47.30%) Agile Software Development
2 304 (24.50%) TDD
3 241 (19.42%) DevOps
4 196 (15.79%) Continuous Integration
5 189 (15.23%) Microservices
6 184 (14.83%) Test Automation
7 181 (14.59%) Analytics
8 152 (12.25%) Scrum
9 150 (12.09%) Data Science
10 141 (11.36%) ETL
11 137 (11.04%) Software Engineering
12 125 (10.07%) Data Modelling
13 120 (9.67%) Machine Learning
14 118 (9.51%) BDD
15 117 (9.43%) Pair Programming
15 117 (9.43%) Problem-Solving
16 112 (9.02%) Continuous Delivery
17 110 (8.86%) Open Source
18 109 (8.78%) Business Intelligence
19 107 (8.62%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 670 (53.99%) Java
2 535 (43.11%) Python
3 367 (29.57%) SQL
4 187 (15.07%) JavaScript
5 96 (7.74%) Groovy
6 95 (7.66%) Ruby
7 75 (6.04%) R
8 71 (5.72%) C#
9 65 (5.24%) Go
10 50 (4.03%) Kotlin
11 46 (3.71%) Java 8
12 41 (3.30%) Bash Shell
12 41 (3.30%) C++
13 39 (3.14%) Clojure
13 39 (3.14%) TypeScript
14 32 (2.58%) Perl
15 30 (2.42%) PL/SQL
16 18 (1.45%) Haskell
17 16 (1.29%) C
18 15 (1.21%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 96 (7.74%) Degree
2 31 (2.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 30 (2.42%) Security Cleared
4 24 (1.93%) SC Cleared
5 21 (1.69%) PhD
6 19 (1.53%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.24%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.16%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.16%) MBA
10 1 (0.081%) CISA
10 1 (0.081%) CISM
10 1 (0.081%) CISSP
10 1 (0.081%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (3.38%) QA
2 24 (1.93%) WCAG
3 19 (1.53%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.32%) SLA
5 3 (0.24%) MiFID
6 2 (0.16%) EMIR
6 2 (0.16%) GxP
7 1 (0.081%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.081%) GDPR
7 1 (0.081%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.081%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 221 (17.81%) Docker
2 82 (6.61%) HDFS
3 9 (0.73%) VirtualBox
4 6 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.16%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.081%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.081%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 145 (11.68%) Kubernetes
2 85 (6.85%) Terraform
3 61 (4.92%) Puppet
4 59 (4.75%) Ansible
5 53 (4.27%) Kibana
6 50 (4.03%) Hadoop YARN
7 40 (3.22%) Grafana
8 14 (1.13%) Mesos
8 14 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
8 14 (1.13%) Salt
9 12 (0.97%) Marathon
9 12 (0.97%) Oozie
10 9 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
11 8 (0.64%) Istio
11 8 (0.64%) linkerd
12 7 (0.56%) Prometheus
13 3 (0.24%) Ambari
13 3 (0.24%) Control-M
13 3 (0.24%) logstash
13 3 (0.24%) Rancher
Vendors
1 166 (13.38%) Google
2 89 (7.17%) Oracle
3 55 (4.43%) Cloudera
4 50 (4.03%) Databricks
5 46 (3.71%) Hortonworks
6 43 (3.46%) Microsoft
7 31 (2.50%) Tableau
8 29 (2.34%) webMethods
9 24 (1.93%) Atlassian
10 23 (1.85%) Red Hat
11 20 (1.61%) Teradata
12 19 (1.53%) Splunk
12 19 (1.53%) Talend
13 18 (1.45%) BEA
13 18 (1.45%) Sybase
14 16 (1.29%) Palantir
15 13 (1.05%) Informatica
16 12 (0.97%) Adobe
17 11 (0.89%) IBM
18 9 (0.73%) Datactics