Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 186 159 128
Rank change year-on-year -27 -31 +38
Contract jobs citing Scala 1,314 1,809 1,926
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.44% 1.76% 2.01%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.40% 3.97% 4.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 967 1,226 1,375
UK median daily rate £563 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £415 £415 £383
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 7 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £22.25 -
% change year-on-year +57.30% - -

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38,615 45,607 40,208
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.38% 44.26% 42.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,749 32,001 27,638
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £322 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 698 743 781
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.02% +3.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.50 £16.25 £16.00
90th Percentile £55.50 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £41.50 £40.50
% change year-on-year +6.02% +2.47% +8.00%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Scala.

Contractor daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -39 1,212 £575 +4.55% 324
London -12 907 £600 +9.09% 223
UK excluding London -75 385 £475 -5.00% 125
North of England -6 119 £474 -1.81% 44
South East -97 81 £475 -5.00% 32
Scotland +40 71 £475 - 17
Yorkshire -21 56 £455 -7.14% 15
South West +3 45 £575 +4.55% 6
North West -5 45 £525 +12.00% 21
Midlands -5 40 £450 -2.70% 9
East Midlands +28 31 £488 -2.50% 1
East of England -12 20 £600 +26.32% 10
North East +34 15 £319 -39.29% 8
Northern Ireland -14 9 £550 +4.76% 1
West Midlands -19 9 £450 - 8
Wales -8 4 £375 -31.82% 6

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 748 (56.93%) Java
2 651 (49.54%) Python
3 650 (49.47%) Agile Software Development
4 517 (39.35%) Apache Spark
5 443 (33.71%) Big Data
6 392 (29.83%) TDD
7 384 (29.22%) Amazon AWS
8 382 (29.07%) Kafka
9 381 (29.00%) Hadoop
10 371 (28.23%) SQL
11 273 (20.78%) DevOps
12 263 (20.02%) Docker
13 252 (19.18%) Git (software)
14 227 (17.28%) NoSQL
15 221 (16.82%) Apache Hive
16 218 (16.59%) Jenkins
17 211 (16.06%) Linux
18 202 (15.37%) Finance
19 197 (14.99%) JavaScript
20 189 (14.38%) Microservices
21 188 (14.31%) Continuous Integration
22 185 (14.08%) Analytics
23 180 (13.70%) Scrum
24 177 (13.47%) BDD
25 176 (13.39%) Google Cloud Platform
26 173 (13.17%) Kubernetes
27 167 (12.71%) Data Science
28 164 (12.48%) Microsoft Azure
29 159 (12.10%) Spring
30 155 (11.80%) Banking

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 517 (39.35%) Apache Spark
2 113 (8.60%) Apache
3 75 (5.71%) Elasticsearch
4 48 (3.65%) Apache Airflow
5 32 (2.44%) Confluence
6 24 (1.83%) Apache Solr
7 21 (1.60%) Apache Pig
8 19 (1.45%) JBoss
9 18 (1.37%) Luigi
10 16 (1.22%) WebLogic
11 15 (1.14%) Tomcat
12 14 (1.07%) Oracle Coherence
13 12 (0.91%) nginx
14 10 (0.76%) Jetty
15 7 (0.53%) SAS
16 5 (0.38%) Jupyter
16 5 (0.38%) Oracle Self-Service HR
17 4 (0.30%) ColdFusion
18 3 (0.23%) CMS
19 2 (0.15%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.30%) SPSS
2 4 (0.30%) Stata
Business Applications
1 11 (0.84%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.076%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.076%) Raiser's Edge
4 1 (0.076%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 384 (29.22%) Amazon AWS
2 176 (13.39%) Google Cloud Platform
3 164 (12.48%) Microsoft Azure
4 99 (7.53%) Amazon S3
5 78 (5.94%) Serverless
6 72 (5.48%) Amazon EMR
7 62 (4.72%) AWS Lambda
8 55 (4.19%) Amazon Kinesis
9 54 (4.11%) Amazon EC2
10 39 (2.97%) GitHub
11 30 (2.28%) Amazon SQS
12 28 (2.13%) Cloud Computing
13 27 (2.05%) AWS CloudFormation
14 16 (1.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 16 (1.22%) Amazon SageMaker
14 16 (1.22%) Azure Data Factory
14 16 (1.22%) Google Analytics
14 16 (1.22%) PaaS
15 15 (1.14%) Power Platform
16 13 (0.99%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 65 (4.95%) HTTP
2 19 (1.45%) Internet
3 16 (1.22%) TCP/IP
4 14 (1.07%) SSL
5 9 (0.68%) Firewall
6 8 (0.61%) MQTT
7 5 (0.38%) DSL
7 5 (0.38%) SSH
8 4 (0.30%) DNS
8 4 (0.30%) FTP
9 2 (0.15%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.15%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.15%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.15%) Wireshark
10 1 (0.076%) 3GPP
10 1 (0.076%) LAN
10 1 (0.076%) Network Security
10 1 (0.076%) Software-Defined Networking
10 1 (0.076%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 443 (33.71%) Big Data
2 381 (29.00%) Hadoop
3 227 (17.28%) NoSQL
4 221 (16.82%) Apache Hive
5 152 (11.57%) MongoDB
6 122 (9.28%) PostgreSQL
7 111 (8.45%) HBase
8 107 (8.14%) Apache Cassandra
9 103 (7.84%) Relational Database
10 96 (7.31%) Impala
11 93 (7.08%) Data Warehouse
12 86 (6.54%) Amazon Redshift
13 79 (6.01%) MySQL
14 60 (4.57%) Data Lake
15 49 (3.73%) Amazon Athena
16 47 (3.58%) SQL Server
17 45 (3.42%) Spark SQL
18 43 (3.27%) RDBMS
19 38 (2.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 32 (2.44%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 252 (19.18%) Git (software)
2 218 (16.59%) Jenkins
3 72 (5.48%) JUnit
4 71 (5.40%) Cucumber
5 65 (4.95%) JIRA
6 57 (4.34%) Maven
7 55 (4.19%) Selenium
8 50 (3.81%) Gradle
9 41 (3.12%) IntelliJ
10 34 (2.59%) Hudson
11 32 (2.44%) Subversion
12 30 (2.28%) Eclipse
13 25 (1.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 24 (1.83%) Gatling
15 22 (1.67%) CircleCI
15 22 (1.67%) Mockito
16 20 (1.52%) TeamCity
17 19 (1.45%) Sonatype Nexus
18 18 (1.37%) Ant
19 17 (1.29%) GitLab
General
1 202 (15.37%) Finance
2 155 (11.80%) Banking
3 75 (5.71%) Investment Banking
4 58 (4.41%) Front Office
5 39 (2.97%) Retail
6 31 (2.36%) Retail Banking
7 26 (1.98%) Games
8 20 (1.52%) Legal
9 19 (1.45%) Financial Institution
10 16 (1.22%) Marketing
11 10 (0.76%) Publishing
12 7 (0.53%) Advertising
13 5 (0.38%) Automotive
13 5 (0.38%) Telecoms
14 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.23%) Back Office
15 3 (0.23%) Manufacturing
16 2 (0.15%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.15%) Law
17 1 (0.076%) Billing
Job Titles
1 660 (50.23%) Developer
2 327 (24.89%) Scala Developer
3 309 (23.52%) Data Engineer
4 175 (13.32%) Java Developer
5 104 (7.91%) Senior Developer
6 88 (6.70%) Big Data Engineer
7 70 (5.33%) Big Data Developer
8 66 (5.02%) AWS Engineer
9 63 (4.79%) Architect
10 62 (4.72%) DevOps Engineer
11 59 (4.49%) Python Developer
12 57 (4.34%) Python Engineer
13 51 (3.88%) Senior Scala Developer
14 47 (3.58%) Hadoop Developer
15 46 (3.50%) Java Scala Developer
16 34 (2.59%) Agile Developer
16 34 (2.59%) Senior Data Engineer
16 34 (2.59%) Senior Java Developer
17 32 (2.44%) Hadoop Engineer
18 31 (2.36%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 382 (29.07%) Kafka
2 159 (12.10%) Spring
3 134 (10.20%) Play Framework
4 133 (10.12%) RESTful
5 122 (9.28%) HTML
6 113 (8.60%) CSS
7 110 (8.37%) Akka
8 102 (7.76%) Web Services
9 101 (7.69%) REST
10 97 (7.38%) Node.js
11 91 (6.93%) React
12 85 (6.47%) JSON
13 77 (5.86%) HTML5
14 64 (4.87%) Spring Boot
15 63 (4.79%) AngularJS
16 50 (3.81%) Spark Streaming
17 45 (3.42%) XML
18 42 (3.20%) PySpark
19 40 (3.04%) CSS3
20 35 (2.66%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 102 (7.76%) Greenfield Project
2 83 (6.32%) Algorithms
3 69 (5.25%) Data Structures
4 50 (3.81%) User Experience
5 48 (3.65%) Analytical Skills
6 31 (2.36%) Data Protection Act
7 29 (2.21%) Derivative
8 27 (2.05%) Linux Command Line
9 20 (1.52%) Market Risk
9 20 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
10 16 (1.22%) Public Cloud
11 14 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 14 (1.07%) Grid Computing
12 13 (0.99%) Reference Data
13 12 (0.91%) N-Tier
14 11 (0.84%) Hedge funds
14 11 (0.84%) Mobile App
15 10 (0.76%) Equity Derivative
16 9 (0.68%) Equities
16 9 (0.68%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 211 (16.06%) Linux
2 107 (8.14%) Unix
3 54 (4.11%) Windows
4 23 (1.75%) Mac OS X
5 20 (1.52%) Apple iOS
6 19 (1.45%) Android
7 15 (1.14%) Ubuntu
8 14 (1.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.46%) CentOS
9 6 (0.46%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.38%) Debian
11 2 (0.15%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.076%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 650 (49.47%) Agile Software Development
2 392 (29.83%) TDD
3 273 (20.78%) DevOps
4 189 (14.38%) Microservices
5 188 (14.31%) Continuous Integration
6 185 (14.08%) Analytics
7 180 (13.70%) Scrum
8 177 (13.47%) BDD
9 167 (12.71%) Data Science
10 154 (11.72%) Machine Learning
11 146 (11.11%) Software Engineering
12 143 (10.88%) Test Automation
13 133 (10.12%) Pair Programming
14 122 (9.28%) Open Source
15 119 (9.06%) Continuous Delivery
16 116 (8.83%) ETL
17 110 (8.37%) Data Engineering
18 109 (8.30%) Data Modelling
19 105 (7.99%) Functional Programming
20 103 (7.84%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 748 (56.93%) Java
2 651 (49.54%) Python
3 371 (28.23%) SQL
4 197 (14.99%) JavaScript
5 127 (9.67%) Ruby
6 96 (7.31%) R
7 89 (6.77%) Groovy
8 72 (5.48%) C#
8 72 (5.48%) Go
9 69 (5.25%) Java 8
10 59 (4.49%) Kotlin
11 57 (4.34%) Bash Shell
12 49 (3.73%) C++
13 43 (3.27%) Clojure
14 38 (2.89%) TypeScript
15 35 (2.66%) Perl
16 29 (2.21%) Shell Script
17 25 (1.90%) Haskell
18 23 (1.75%) PL/SQL
19 20 (1.52%) C
Qualifications
1 97 (7.38%) Degree
2 38 (2.89%) Computer Science Degree
3 35 (2.66%) Security Cleared
4 27 (2.05%) SC Cleared
5 25 (1.90%) PhD
6 14 (1.07%) BPSS Clearance
7 13 (0.99%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.46%) AWS Certification
9 4 (0.30%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (2.74%) QA
2 11 (0.84%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.61%) WCAG
4 4 (0.30%) SLA
5 3 (0.23%) IFRS
5 3 (0.23%) MiFID
6 2 (0.15%) EMIR
6 2 (0.15%) GxP
7 1 (0.076%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.076%) GDPR
7 1 (0.076%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.076%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 263 (20.02%) Docker
2 75 (5.71%) HDFS
3 21 (1.60%) Apache Flume
4 7 (0.53%) Oracle RAC
5 5 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 173 (13.17%) Kubernetes
2 79 (6.01%) Terraform
3 66 (5.02%) Ansible
4 50 (3.81%) Puppet
5 47 (3.58%) Hadoop YARN
6 37 (2.82%) Kibana
7 26 (1.98%) Mesos
8 25 (1.90%) Marathon
9 24 (1.83%) Oozie
10 22 (1.67%) Grafana
11 18 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
12 16 (1.22%) Salt
13 13 (0.99%) logstash
14 9 (0.68%) Prometheus
15 4 (0.30%) Ambari
15 4 (0.30%) Graphite
15 4 (0.30%) Nagios
15 4 (0.30%) StatsD
16 3 (0.23%) Control-M
16 3 (0.23%) Rancher
Vendors
1 147 (11.19%) Google
2 98 (7.46%) Oracle
3 41 (3.12%) Databricks
4 32 (2.44%) Cloudera
5 31 (2.36%) Tableau
6 24 (1.83%) Red Hat
7 21 (1.60%) Atlassian
7 21 (1.60%) Microsoft
8 20 (1.52%) Hortonworks
9 15 (1.14%) Splunk
9 15 (1.14%) Sybase
10 14 (1.07%) hybris
11 11 (0.84%) webMethods
12 10 (0.76%) Ab Initio
12 10 (0.76%) Talend
13 9 (0.68%) Adobe
13 9 (0.68%) Teradata
14 7 (0.53%) VMware
15 6 (0.46%) Dataiku
15 6 (0.46%) MapR