Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 204 190 162
Rank change year-on-year -14 -28 -35
Contract jobs citing Scala 461 1,339 1,807
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.29% 1.47% 1.74%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.13% 3.46% 3.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 292 990 1,259
Median daily rate £550 £563 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.22% +2.27% +4.76%
10th Percentile £407 £416 £416
90th Percentile £687 £707 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £489 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -2.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 1 7
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -22.22% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £22.25
% change year-on-year - +57.30% -

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,744 38,735 45,588
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.17% 42.49% 44.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,762 26,790 31,929
Median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £676 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 363 704 752
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +8.64% -
10th Percentile £17.75 £20.50 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.80 £56.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £36.00 £44.00 £40.50
% change year-on-year -18.18% +8.64% -1.82%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Scala.

Daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Scala.

Hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 424 £550 -4.35% 103
London -6 315 £575 -4.17% 68
UK excluding London +40 129 £489 -2.25% 47
South East +130 50 £475 - 12
North of England +24 27 £475 - 8
South West +61 23 £550 -4.35% 2
Work from Home -22 20 £525 -16.00% 19
Yorkshire +38 16 £475 - 2
Scotland +16 14 £550 +15.79% 11
Wales +49 10 £400 -11.11% 1
North West +41 5 £463 -15.91% 6
North East +23 5 £500 +48.15%
Midlands +51 4 £475 +5.56% 8
East of England +63 3 £650 -1.89% 5
West Midlands +63 2 £475 +7.95% 2
East Midlands +24 2 - - 6

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 270 (58.57%) Java
2 204 (44.25%) Apache Spark
3 202 (43.82%) Python
4 197 (42.73%) Agile Software Development
5 139 (30.15%) Kafka
6 138 (29.93%) Big Data
7 133 (28.85%) SQL
8 124 (26.90%) AWS
9 110 (23.86%) Software Engineering
10 108 (23.43%) Hadoop
11 103 (22.34%) Azure
12 101 (21.91%) Microservices
13 94 (20.39%) TDD
14 93 (20.17%) NoSQL
15 92 (19.96%) DevOps
16 91 (19.74%) GCP
17 82 (17.79%) Docker
18 80 (17.35%) Kubernetes
19 76 (16.49%) Kotlin
20 73 (15.84%) JavaScript
20 73 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
21 67 (14.53%) Git (software)
21 67 (14.53%) Test Automation
22 66 (14.32%) Scrum
23 64 (13.88%) Banking
24 61 (13.23%) Apache Hive
24 61 (13.23%) Jenkins
25 60 (13.02%) Finance
26 59 (12.80%) Data Modelling
27 58 (12.58%) Machine Learning

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 204 (44.25%) Apache Spark
2 33 (7.16%) Apache
2 33 (7.16%) Elasticsearch
3 24 (5.21%) Confluence
4 12 (2.60%) WebLogic
5 9 (1.95%) SAS
6 7 (1.52%) Tomcat
7 6 (1.30%) Jetty
7 6 (1.30%) Jupyter
8 5 (1.08%) JBoss
8 5 (1.08%) MQSeries
8 5 (1.08%) Oracle Self-Service HR
8 5 (1.08%) Red Hat Fuse
8 5 (1.08%) Tornado
9 3 (0.65%) nginx
10 2 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (0.43%) CMS
10 2 (0.43%) IIS
10 2 (0.43%) Luigi
11 1 (0.22%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 5 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.87%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.65%) InVision
3 3 (0.65%) Sketch
4 1 (0.22%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.22%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (1.08%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 2 (0.43%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.22%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 124 (26.90%) AWS
2 103 (22.34%) Azure
3 91 (19.74%) GCP
4 27 (5.86%) Serverless
5 23 (4.99%) AWS Lambda
6 18 (3.90%) Amazon S3
7 15 (3.25%) GitHub
8 11 (2.39%) Amazon EC2
9 10 (2.17%) Power Platform
9 10 (2.17%) SaaS
10 9 (1.95%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 8 (1.74%) PaaS
12 7 (1.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 7 (1.52%) Amazon SQS
12 7 (1.52%) AWS CloudTrail
12 7 (1.52%) AWS CodeBuild
12 7 (1.52%) AWS CodePipeline
12 7 (1.52%) Azure Data Factory
13 6 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
14 5 (1.08%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 30 (6.51%) SSL
2 21 (4.56%) HTTPS
3 14 (3.04%) HTTP
4 11 (2.39%) Firewall
5 7 (1.52%) SSH
6 6 (1.30%) DSL
6 6 (1.30%) Internet
6 6 (1.30%) TCP/IP
7 4 (0.87%) 5G
8 2 (0.43%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.22%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.22%) VoIP
9 1 (0.22%) WebEx
9 1 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.22%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 138 (29.93%) Big Data
2 108 (23.43%) Hadoop
3 93 (20.17%) NoSQL
4 61 (13.23%) Apache Hive
5 35 (7.59%) Relational Database
6 30 (6.51%) Impala
7 28 (6.07%) Apache Cassandra
8 27 (5.86%) MongoDB
9 21 (4.56%) Data Lake
9 21 (4.56%) Data Warehouse
10 20 (4.34%) SQL Server
11 19 (4.12%) HBase
12 18 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
13 16 (3.47%) BigQuery
14 12 (2.60%) Sqoop
15 11 (2.39%) MySQL
16 10 (2.17%) Power BI
16 10 (2.17%) Redis
17 9 (1.95%) Presto
17 9 (1.95%) Spark SQL
Development Applications
1 67 (14.53%) Git (software)
2 61 (13.23%) Jenkins
3 35 (7.59%) JIRA
4 29 (6.29%) Selenium
5 21 (4.56%) GitLab
6 19 (4.12%) Cucumber
7 15 (3.25%) Gatling
8 13 (2.82%) JUnit
9 12 (2.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 12 (2.60%) Maven
10 11 (2.39%) Hudson
11 8 (1.74%) Artifactory
11 8 (1.74%) TeamCity
11 8 (1.74%) Visual Studio Team System
12 7 (1.52%) Bitbucket
12 7 (1.52%) Eclipse
12 7 (1.52%) Gradle
13 6 (1.30%) IntelliJ
13 6 (1.30%) JMeter
13 6 (1.30%) Spinnaker
General
1 64 (13.88%) Banking
2 60 (13.02%) Finance
3 26 (5.64%) Front Office
4 25 (5.42%) Investment Banking
4 25 (5.42%) Telecoms
5 20 (4.34%) Public Sector
6 6 (1.30%) Financial Institution
6 6 (1.30%) Games
6 6 (1.30%) Retail
7 5 (1.08%) Electronics
8 4 (0.87%) Marketing
8 4 (0.87%) Publishing
9 3 (0.65%) Advertising
10 2 (0.43%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.22%) Automotive
11 1 (0.22%) Dutch Language
11 1 (0.22%) French Language
11 1 (0.22%) Law
11 1 (0.22%) Legal
11 1 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 214 (46.42%) Developer
2 116 (25.16%) Scala Developer
3 114 (24.73%) Data Engineer
4 77 (16.70%) Java Developer
5 54 (11.71%) Senior Developer
6 45 (9.76%) Senior Scala Developer
7 37 (8.03%) Big Data Engineer
8 32 (6.94%) Python Engineer
9 21 (4.56%) Java Scala Developer
9 21 (4.56%) Software Engineer
10 20 (4.34%) Data Scientist
10 20 (4.34%) DevOps Engineer
11 19 (4.12%) Architect
11 19 (4.12%) Cloud Engineer
12 16 (3.47%) Azure Engineer
13 14 (3.04%) Agile Developer
13 14 (3.04%) AWS Engineer
13 14 (3.04%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 12 (2.60%) Hadoop Engineer
15 11 (2.39%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 139 (30.15%) Kafka
2 57 (12.36%) PySpark
3 54 (11.71%) Akka
4 49 (10.63%) Spring
5 38 (8.24%) TensorFlow
6 34 (7.38%) HTML
6 34 (7.38%) Play Framework
6 34 (7.38%) RESTful
7 33 (7.16%) Node.js
8 30 (6.51%) HTML5
9 29 (6.29%) REST
10 28 (6.07%) CSS
10 28 (6.07%) JSON
11 24 (5.21%) AngularJS
12 23 (4.99%) React
13 22 (4.77%) H2O
14 21 (4.56%) Guice
14 21 (4.56%) JAAS
14 21 (4.56%) Spring Security
15 20 (4.34%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 50 (10.85%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (6.07%) Algorithms
3 23 (4.99%) Greenfield Project
4 14 (3.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 13 (2.82%) Derivative
6 11 (2.39%) Enterprise Software
6 11 (2.39%) Fixed Income
6 11 (2.39%) User Experience
6 11 (2.39%) Virtual Team
7 10 (2.17%) Data Structures
7 10 (2.17%) Reference Data
8 8 (1.74%) PMI
9 7 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
10 6 (1.30%) Equities
10 6 (1.30%) Equity Derivative
10 6 (1.30%) Hedge funds
11 5 (1.08%) Credit Risk
11 5 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (0.65%) Cloud Native
12 3 (0.65%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 53 (11.50%) Linux
2 20 (4.34%) Unix
3 11 (2.39%) Android
3 11 (2.39%) Apple iOS
3 11 (2.39%) Windows
4 10 (2.17%) Debian
5 6 (1.30%) Mac OS X
6 5 (1.08%) CentOS
6 5 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (1.08%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.22%) CoreOS
7 1 (0.22%) DC/OS
7 1 (0.22%) Tizen
7 1 (0.22%) webOS
7 1 (0.22%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 197 (42.73%) Agile Software Development
2 110 (23.86%) Software Engineering
3 101 (21.91%) Microservices
4 94 (20.39%) TDD
5 92 (19.96%) DevOps
6 73 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
7 67 (14.53%) Test Automation
8 66 (14.32%) Scrum
9 59 (12.80%) Data Modelling
10 58 (12.58%) Machine Learning
11 57 (12.36%) Analytics
12 54 (11.71%) Computer Science
12 54 (11.71%) Data Science
13 48 (10.41%) ETL
14 44 (9.54%) Continuous Delivery
15 43 (9.33%) OO
16 41 (8.89%) BDD
17 39 (8.46%) Data Engineering
18 37 (8.03%) Business Intelligence
19 32 (6.94%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 270 (58.57%) Java
2 202 (43.82%) Python
3 133 (28.85%) SQL
4 76 (16.49%) Kotlin
5 73 (15.84%) JavaScript
6 46 (9.98%) Java 8
7 41 (8.89%) Ruby
8 32 (6.94%) Go
9 26 (5.64%) C#
10 24 (5.21%) Groovy
11 16 (3.47%) C++
12 15 (3.25%) PL/SQL
13 13 (2.82%) Clojure
13 13 (2.82%) R
14 11 (2.39%) T-SQL
15 10 (2.17%) Bash Shell
15 10 (2.17%) Haskell
15 10 (2.17%) Shell Script
16 8 (1.74%) TypeScript
17 7 (1.52%) Perl
Qualifications
1 32 (6.94%) Degree
2 25 (5.42%) Security Cleared
3 22 (4.77%) SC Cleared
4 19 (4.12%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.74%) PMI Certification
6 7 (1.52%) SANS
7 6 (1.30%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (1.08%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.65%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.65%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
11 2 (0.43%) PhD
12 1 (0.22%) DV Cleared
12 1 (0.22%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.17%) QA
2 8 (1.74%) WCAG
3 7 (1.52%) MiFID
4 2 (0.43%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.43%) SLA
5 1 (0.22%) GDPR
5 1 (0.22%) IFRS
System Software
1 82 (17.79%) Docker
2 27 (5.86%) HDFS
3 3 (0.65%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.43%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 80 (17.35%) Kubernetes
2 37 (8.03%) Terraform
3 27 (5.86%) Prometheus
4 21 (4.56%) Ansible
5 20 (4.34%) Zipkin
6 12 (2.60%) Hadoop YARN
6 12 (2.60%) Kibana
7 8 (1.74%) Oozie
8 7 (1.52%) Grafana
8 7 (1.52%) Puppet
9 6 (1.30%) Packer
10 5 (1.08%) Salt
11 3 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
12 2 (0.43%) Marathon
12 2 (0.43%) Mesos
13 1 (0.22%) Ambari
13 1 (0.22%) Apache Brooklyn
13 1 (0.22%) Istio
Vendors
1 44 (9.54%) Cloudera
2 43 (9.33%) Databricks
3 36 (7.81%) Google
4 25 (5.42%) Oracle
5 22 (4.77%) Hortonworks
6 18 (3.90%) Microsoft
7 10 (2.17%) Splunk
8 9 (1.95%) Tableau
9 7 (1.52%) MapR
9 7 (1.52%) Sybase
10 6 (1.30%) BEA
10 6 (1.30%) Informatica
10 6 (1.30%) Red Hat
10 6 (1.30%) StreamSets
10 6 (1.30%) webMethods
11 5 (1.08%) Axway
11 5 (1.08%) MuleSoft
11 5 (1.08%) Sparx
12 4 (0.87%) IBM
12 4 (0.87%) Talend