Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 205 139 198
Rank change year-on-year -66 +59 -6
Contract jobs citing Scala 1,176 1,128 652
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.36% 1.93% 1.35%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.70% 4.77% 3.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 735 725 455
10th Percentile £450 £425 £413
25th Percentile £515 £500 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £575 £530
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +8.49% -3.64%
75th Percentile £725 £650 £601
90th Percentile £816 £713 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £540 £522 £489
% change year-on-year +3.45% +6.80% +2.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 7 3
10th Percentile £25.95 £18.47 £18.80
25th Percentile £35.00 £22.02 £18.94
Median hourly rate £78.75 £24.00 £19.18
Median % change year-on-year +228.13% +25.13% +1.64%
75th Percentile £82.50 £25.13 £40.22
90th Percentile £83.55 £25.95 £52.84
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.91 £24.00 £38.34
% change year-on-year -17.04% -37.40% +103.18%

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 31,765 23,634 19,707
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 36.62% 40.53% 40.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,156 16,606 13,892
10th Percentile £385 £325 £325
25th Percentile £456 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £656 £600 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £430 £450
% change year-on-year +16.21% -4.39% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 524 458 346
10th Percentile £19.52 £16.78 £17.50
25th Percentile £35.00 £25.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate £50.77 £41.66 £42.75
Median % change year-on-year +21.87% -2.55% -1.44%
75th Percentile £62.18 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £72.28 £62.48 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £40.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% -5.88% -4.49%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Scala.

Daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Scala.

Hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -70 862 £610 +6.09% 193
Work from Home -35 715 £600 +9.59% 73
London -54 604 £650 +8.33% 134
UK excluding London -96 237 £540 +3.45% 62
South East -14 76 £540 +3.45% 10
Midlands -16 52 £500 +6.67% 10
West Midlands -11 49 £498 +6.99% 9
Scotland -22 33 £540 +8.00% 4
North of England -78 32 £550 -0.90% 18
East of England -30 18 £550 -7.91% 12
Yorkshire -39 16 £600 +8.11% 4
South West -62 15 £588 +17.50% 5
North West -48 14 £550 - 7
Wales -20 10 £600 +19.40%
East Midlands - 3 £675 - 1
North East -17 2 £400 -30.43% 8
Northern Ireland - 1 £663 - 3

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 583 (49.57%) Java
2 550 (46.77%) Python
3 530 (45.07%) Agile
4 378 (32.14%) Apache Spark
5 370 (31.46%) AWS
6 316 (26.87%) DevOps
6 316 (26.87%) Azure
7 309 (26.28%) SQL
8 296 (25.17%) CI/CD
9 287 (24.40%) Kafka
10 274 (23.30%) Big Data
11 247 (21.00%) TDD
12 246 (20.92%) Microservices
13 234 (19.90%) Kubernetes
14 227 (19.30%) Finance
15 221 (18.79%) Analytics
16 210 (17.86%) Git (software)
17 202 (17.18%) Social Skills
18 201 (17.09%) Hadoop
19 199 (16.92%) Jenkins
20 195 (16.58%) GCP
21 189 (16.07%) Software Engineering
22 186 (15.82%) NoSQL
22 186 (15.82%) Data Engineering
23 177 (15.05%) Continuous Integration
24 169 (14.37%) Scrum
25 167 (14.20%) Databricks
26 166 (14.12%) Docker
27 160 (13.61%) Data Modelling
28 158 (13.44%) ETL

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 378 (32.14%) Apache Spark
2 124 (10.54%) Apache
3 58 (4.93%) Apache Airflow
4 52 (4.42%) Confluence
5 50 (4.25%) Elasticsearch
6 17 (1.45%) SAS
7 16 (1.36%) Apache Pulsar
8 14 (1.19%) Luigi
9 13 (1.11%) WebLogic
10 11 (0.94%) nginx
11 9 (0.77%) Apache Solr
12 8 (0.68%) Oracle Coherence
13 7 (0.60%) Apache Pig
13 7 (0.60%) Jupyter
13 7 (0.60%) SharePoint
13 7 (0.60%) WebSphere
14 5 (0.43%) JBoss
14 5 (0.43%) OpenStack
14 5 (0.43%) Tomcat
15 4 (0.34%) FileNet
Applications
1 17 (1.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.17%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 4 (0.34%) Oracle AML
2 1 (0.085%) Misys Midas
Cloud Services
1 370 (31.46%) AWS
2 316 (26.87%) Azure
3 195 (16.58%) GCP
4 76 (6.46%) Serverless
5 67 (5.70%) Azure Data Factory
6 63 (5.36%) GitHub
7 58 (4.93%) AWS Lambda
8 51 (4.34%) Amazon EMR
9 49 (4.17%) Amazon S3
10 42 (3.57%) AWS CloudFormation
11 29 (2.47%) Power Platform
12 27 (2.30%) Amazon EC2
12 27 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
13 25 (2.13%) dbt
14 24 (2.04%) Snowflake
15 23 (1.96%) Amazon Kinesis
16 21 (1.79%) Azure Synapse Analytics
17 20 (1.70%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 19 (1.62%) Azure Functions
19 15 (1.28%) Azure Monitor
Communications & Networking
1 32 (2.72%) HTTP
2 7 (0.60%) SSH
3 6 (0.51%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.26%) Firewall
4 3 (0.26%) Internet
5 2 (0.17%) AMQP
5 2 (0.17%) Cisco IPT
5 2 (0.17%) Modbus
5 2 (0.17%) MQTT
6 1 (0.085%) BGP
6 1 (0.085%) DNS
6 1 (0.085%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.085%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.085%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 274 (23.30%) Big Data
2 201 (17.09%) Hadoop
3 186 (15.82%) NoSQL
4 131 (11.14%) MongoDB
5 79 (6.72%) Apache Hive
6 77 (6.55%) HBase
7 72 (6.12%) Apache Cassandra
8 71 (6.04%) Data Warehouse
9 67 (5.70%) MySQL
9 67 (5.70%) Relational Database
10 65 (5.53%) PostgreSQL
11 59 (5.02%) Amazon Redshift
11 59 (5.02%) Data Lake
12 53 (4.51%) BigQuery
12 53 (4.51%) Delta Lake
13 48 (4.08%) SQL Server
14 29 (2.47%) Power BI
15 28 (2.38%) Flink
15 28 (2.38%) Redis
16 25 (2.13%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 210 (17.86%) Git (software)
2 199 (16.92%) Jenkins
3 85 (7.23%) JIRA
4 77 (6.55%) Maven
5 58 (4.93%) TeamCity
6 56 (4.76%) Selenium
7 53 (4.51%) Gradle
8 40 (3.40%) Cucumber
9 38 (3.23%) GitLab
10 30 (2.55%) Bitbucket
11 29 (2.47%) Gatling
12 23 (1.96%) RSpec
13 22 (1.87%) JUnit
14 19 (1.62%) REST Assured
15 17 (1.45%) Postman
16 16 (1.36%) MLflow
17 15 (1.28%) Artifactory
17 15 (1.28%) CircleCI
17 15 (1.28%) WebDriver
18 13 (1.11%) Capybara
General
1 227 (19.30%) Finance
2 202 (17.18%) Social Skills
3 152 (12.93%) Banking
4 104 (8.84%) Public Sector
5 87 (7.40%) Analytical Skills
6 75 (6.38%) Investment Banking
7 28 (2.38%) Financial Institution
8 26 (2.21%) Legal
8 26 (2.21%) Retail
9 19 (1.62%) Games
9 19 (1.62%) Publishing
10 17 (1.45%) Marketing
11 16 (1.36%) Presentation Skills
12 12 (1.02%) Military
12 12 (1.02%) Police
13 10 (0.85%) Law
14 8 (0.68%) Front Office
14 8 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
15 5 (0.43%) German Language
16 4 (0.34%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 431 (36.65%) Developer
2 328 (27.89%) Data Engineer
3 284 (24.15%) Scala Developer
4 90 (7.65%) Architect
5 88 (7.48%) Scala Engineer
6 68 (5.78%) Java Developer
7 61 (5.19%) Software Engineer
8 58 (4.93%) Senior Developer
9 54 (4.59%) Big Data Engineer
10 48 (4.08%) DevOps Engineer
11 45 (3.83%) AWS Engineer
12 43 (3.66%) Java Engineer
13 41 (3.49%) Data Architect
14 38 (3.23%) Senior Data Engineer
15 37 (3.15%) Python Engineer
15 37 (3.15%) Senior Scala Developer
16 28 (2.38%) Azure Engineer
17 26 (2.21%) Big Data Developer
18 24 (2.04%) Solutions Architect
19 23 (1.96%) Machine Learning Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 287 (24.40%) Kafka
2 147 (12.50%) Play Framework
3 96 (8.16%) RESTful
4 79 (6.72%) PySpark
5 70 (5.95%) HTML
5 70 (5.95%) Spring
6 63 (5.36%) Web Services
7 60 (5.10%) JSON
7 60 (5.10%) REST
8 52 (4.42%) React
9 47 (4.00%) CSS
10 44 (3.74%) Akka
10 44 (3.74%) Node.js
11 32 (2.72%) .NET
11 32 (2.72%) Apache NiFi
12 29 (2.47%) Apache Beam
13 28 (2.38%) Spark Streaming
14 25 (2.13%) Ruby on Rails
15 24 (2.04%) AngularJS
15 24 (2.04%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 71 (6.04%) Algorithms
2 48 (4.08%) Public Cloud
3 45 (3.83%) Data Structures
4 35 (2.98%) iPad
5 31 (2.64%) Cloud Native
6 30 (2.55%) User Experience
7 29 (2.47%) Greenfield Project
8 26 (2.21%) Hedge funds
9 25 (2.13%) Data Protection Act
10 17 (1.45%) Management Information System
11 16 (1.36%) Linux Command Line
12 14 (1.19%) Derivative
12 14 (1.19%) Equities
12 14 (1.19%) Virtual Team
13 11 (0.94%) Market Risk
14 10 (0.85%) Legacy Systems
15 9 (0.77%) Social Media
16 8 (0.68%) Data Centre
17 7 (0.60%) Taxonomies
18 6 (0.51%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 138 (11.73%) Linux
2 76 (6.46%) Unix
3 28 (2.38%) Windows
4 4 (0.34%) Android
5 3 (0.26%) VMS
6 1 (0.085%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.085%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 530 (45.07%) Agile
2 316 (26.87%) DevOps
3 296 (25.17%) CI/CD
4 247 (21.00%) TDD
5 246 (20.92%) Microservices
6 221 (18.79%) Analytics
7 189 (16.07%) Software Engineering
8 186 (15.82%) Data Engineering
9 177 (15.05%) Continuous Integration
10 169 (14.37%) Scrum
11 160 (13.61%) Data Modelling
12 158 (13.44%) ETL
13 148 (12.59%) Data Pipeline
14 129 (10.97%) Test Automation
15 128 (10.88%) Data Science
16 127 (10.80%) Problem-Solving
17 106 (9.01%) Computer Science
18 98 (8.33%) OO
19 93 (7.91%) Continuous Delivery
20 90 (7.65%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 583 (49.57%) Java
2 550 (46.77%) Python
3 309 (26.28%) SQL
4 100 (8.50%) JavaScript
5 79 (6.72%) R
6 68 (5.78%) Go
7 53 (4.51%) Ruby
8 52 (4.42%) C#
9 46 (3.91%) Shell Script
10 43 (3.66%) PL/SQL
11 39 (3.32%) Bash
12 33 (2.81%) C++
13 30 (2.55%) Groovy
13 30 (2.55%) TypeScript
14 28 (2.38%) Perl
15 22 (1.87%) PowerShell
15 22 (1.87%) VBA
16 21 (1.79%) HiveQL
17 16 (1.36%) Kotlin
18 10 (0.85%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 132 (11.22%) Security Cleared
2 120 (10.20%) SC Cleared
3 93 (7.91%) Degree
4 62 (5.27%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (2.30%) PhD
6 19 (1.62%) DV Cleared
7 16 (1.36%) AWS Certification
8 15 (1.28%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.34%) CCA
11 3 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.17%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 2 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.17%) CISSP
13 1 (0.085%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (10.20%) QA
2 63 (5.36%) Accessibility
3 27 (2.30%) Data Quality
4 25 (2.13%) GDPR
4 25 (2.13%) WCAG
5 4 (0.34%) Dublin Core
6 2 (0.17%) IFRS
6 2 (0.17%) IFRS 17
7 1 (0.085%) PMO
System Software
1 166 (14.12%) Docker
2 67 (5.70%) HDFS
3 5 (0.43%) Apache Flume
4 4 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.085%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (0.085%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 234 (19.90%) Kubernetes
2 129 (10.97%) Terraform
3 37 (3.15%) Ansible
4 30 (2.55%) Prometheus
5 25 (2.13%) Grafana
6 16 (1.36%) Kibana
6 16 (1.36%) Kubeflow
6 16 (1.36%) Packer
7 15 (1.28%) Puppet
8 13 (1.11%) Argo
8 13 (1.11%) Hadoop YARN
9 8 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
10 7 (0.60%) Oozie
11 3 (0.26%) ITRS Geneos
11 3 (0.26%) logstash
12 2 (0.17%) Ambari
12 2 (0.17%) Graphite
12 2 (0.17%) Istio
13 1 (0.085%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 1 (0.085%) Rancher
Vendors
1 167 (14.20%) Databricks
2 86 (7.31%) Oracle
3 52 (4.42%) Microsoft
4 46 (3.91%) Google
5 37 (3.15%) Cloudera
6 34 (2.89%) Talend
7 32 (2.72%) Mercator
8 25 (2.13%) Hortonworks
9 22 (1.87%) Informatica
10 18 (1.53%) Teradata
11 16 (1.36%) VMware
12 11 (0.94%) IBM
12 11 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
13 10 (0.85%) BEA
13 10 (0.85%) StreamSets
13 10 (0.85%) webMethods
14 9 (0.77%) Dynatrace
14 9 (0.77%) Snowplow
14 9 (0.77%) Splunk
15 6 (0.51%) Atlassian