Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 136 180 168
Rank change year-on-year +44 -12 -22
Contract jobs citing Scala 793 1,024 1,646
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.85% 1.43% 1.68%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.47% 3.51% 3.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 689 773 1,127
Median daily rate £525 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% - +2.33%
10th Percentile £400 £413 £413
90th Percentile £675 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £495
% change year-on-year - +1.01% -1.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 4
Median hourly rate £23.07 £17.35 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.94% -27.69% -
10th Percentile £21.29 £16.00 £20.26
90th Percentile £61.53 £19.04 £58.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.63 £16.00 £23.49
% change year-on-year +41.44% -31.89% -

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,744 29,142 43,431
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.42% 40.74% 44.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,376 20,410 30,883
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £313 £325 £320
90th Percentile £663 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £430 £425
% change year-on-year -1.16% +1.18% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 428 535 658
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £42.22
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.16% +1.85% +5.55%
10th Percentile £14.93 £16.50 £16.68
90th Percentile £59.13 £55.00 £51.25
Median hourly rate £42.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.18% - +6.25%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Scala.

Daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Scala.

Hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +38 629 £540 -1.82% 167
London +20 417 £575 - 114
UK excluding London +77 237 £500 - 59
Work from Home -35 231 £522 -14.78% 32
North of England +48 53 £516 +8.68% 26
South West +110 49 £500 -9.09% 2
South East +25 41 £522 +4.40% 14
Midlands +74 35 £508 +7.41% 7
Scotland +30 29 £443 -23.04% 4
West Midlands +55 27 £495 +4.49% 4
Yorkshire +29 19 £555 +14.43% 13
North East +25 18 £450 +13.21% 2
East of England +76 17 £405 -14.74% 3
North West +50 17 £520 - 11
Wales +16 13 £403 -15.26% 3
East Midlands +39 4 £358 -20.50% 3

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 480 (60.53%) Java
2 387 (48.80%) Agile Software Development
3 344 (43.38%) Python
4 252 (31.78%) Apache Spark
5 240 (30.26%) TDD
6 234 (29.51%) SQL
7 217 (27.36%) AWS
8 215 (27.11%) DevOps
9 207 (26.10%) Finance
10 194 (24.46%) Microservices
11 186 (23.46%) Hadoop
12 172 (21.69%) Big Data
13 159 (20.05%) Software Engineering
14 139 (17.53%) Kubernetes
15 136 (17.15%) Kafka
16 132 (16.65%) Azure
17 127 (16.02%) JavaScript
18 119 (15.01%) Scrum
19 115 (14.50%) Git (software)
20 113 (14.25%) Banking
21 108 (13.62%) Front Office
22 104 (13.11%) Kotlin
23 102 (12.86%) Test Automation
23 102 (12.86%) BDD
24 101 (12.74%) Docker
25 100 (12.61%) Jenkins
26 99 (12.48%) Continuous Integration
27 96 (12.11%) Apache Hive
27 96 (12.11%) Linux
28 94 (11.85%) Apache

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 252 (31.78%) Apache Spark
2 94 (11.85%) Apache
3 61 (7.69%) Confluence
4 47 (5.93%) WebLogic
5 41 (5.17%) Elasticsearch
6 18 (2.27%) Apache Airflow
7 17 (2.14%) SAS
8 10 (1.26%) JBoss
9 9 (1.13%) CICS
10 6 (0.76%) Tomcat
11 5 (0.63%) Jetty
11 5 (0.63%) MQSeries
11 5 (0.63%) Oracle Self-Service HR
11 5 (0.63%) Red Hat Fuse
12 4 (0.50%) ArcGIS
12 4 (0.50%) Oracle Coherence
13 3 (0.38%) Apache Pig
13 3 (0.38%) Luigi
14 2 (0.25%) Apache Pulsar
14 2 (0.25%) Tornado
Applications
1 6 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (0.63%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.38%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 217 (27.36%) AWS
2 132 (16.65%) Azure
3 73 (9.21%) GCP
4 60 (7.57%) Serverless
5 50 (6.31%) Amazon S3
6 48 (6.05%) AWS Lambda
7 39 (4.92%) GitHub
8 28 (3.53%) Amazon EC2
9 26 (3.28%) Amazon EMR
10 17 (2.14%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 16 (2.02%) Azure Data Factory
12 13 (1.64%) PaaS
12 13 (1.64%) Power Platform
13 10 (1.26%) Google Analytics
14 8 (1.01%) IaaS
14 8 (1.01%) Office 365
15 7 (0.88%) Amazon Kinesis
15 7 (0.88%) npm
15 7 (0.88%) SaaS
15 7 (0.88%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 15 (1.89%) HTTP
2 12 (1.51%) SSL
3 9 (1.13%) FTP
3 9 (1.13%) TCP/IP
4 8 (1.01%) DSL
4 8 (1.01%) Kerberos
5 5 (0.63%) Firewall
5 5 (0.63%) SSH
6 1 (0.13%) Internet
6 1 (0.13%) Network Security
6 1 (0.13%) PuTTY
6 1 (0.13%) Unified Communications
6 1 (0.13%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (23.46%) Hadoop
2 172 (21.69%) Big Data
3 96 (12.11%) Apache Hive
4 83 (10.47%) NoSQL
5 62 (7.82%) Relational Database
6 59 (7.44%) Impala
7 44 (5.55%) MongoDB
7 44 (5.55%) PostgreSQL
8 42 (5.30%) HBase
9 40 (5.04%) Apache Ignite
10 35 (4.41%) Apache Cassandra
10 35 (4.41%) Data Warehouse
11 33 (4.16%) Data Lake
12 27 (3.40%) Amazon RDS
12 27 (3.40%) Blockchain
13 26 (3.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 23 (2.90%) BigQuery
15 20 (2.52%) Spark SQL
16 17 (2.14%) RDBMS
17 15 (1.89%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 115 (14.50%) Git (software)
2 100 (12.61%) Jenkins
3 69 (8.70%) JIRA
4 43 (5.42%) Maven
5 35 (4.41%) Selenium
6 32 (4.04%) GitLab
6 32 (4.04%) JUnit
7 31 (3.91%) Bitbucket
8 30 (3.78%) Cucumber
9 25 (3.15%) Gradle
10 23 (2.90%) Sonatype Nexus
11 19 (2.40%) Eclipse
11 19 (2.40%) TeamCity
12 17 (2.14%) Gatling
13 14 (1.77%) Ant
13 14 (1.77%) ClearCase
13 14 (1.77%) IntelliJ
14 13 (1.64%) IBM UrbanCode
15 10 (1.26%) Subversion
16 9 (1.13%) WebLogic Workshop
General
1 207 (26.10%) Finance
2 113 (14.25%) Banking
3 108 (13.62%) Front Office
4 63 (7.94%) Investment Banking
5 60 (7.57%) Public Sector
6 7 (0.88%) Advertising
6 7 (0.88%) Marketing
7 6 (0.76%) Retail Banking
8 5 (0.63%) Retail
9 4 (0.50%) Games
10 2 (0.25%) Electronics
11 1 (0.13%) Automotive
11 1 (0.13%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.13%) Law
11 1 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.13%) Publishing
11 1 (0.13%) Spanish Language
11 1 (0.13%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 461 (58.13%) Developer
2 228 (28.75%) Scala Developer
3 138 (17.40%) Data Engineer
4 112 (14.12%) Java Developer
5 75 (9.46%) Senior Developer
5 75 (9.46%) Software Engineer
6 56 (7.06%) Scala Engineer
7 46 (5.80%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 46 (5.80%) Java Engineer
8 38 (4.79%) Senior Scala Developer
9 36 (4.54%) Python Engineer
10 33 (4.16%) Azure Engineer
10 33 (4.16%) Software Developer
11 28 (3.53%) Apache Spark Developer
11 28 (3.53%) Big Data Engineer
12 27 (3.40%) Python Developer
13 26 (3.28%) DevOps Engineer
13 26 (3.28%) Hadoop Developer
14 25 (3.15%) Architect
14 25 (3.15%) Java Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (17.15%) Kafka
2 86 (10.84%) Spring
3 72 (9.08%) Play Framework
3 72 (9.08%) React
4 58 (7.31%) Node.js
4 58 (7.31%) Web Services
5 53 (6.68%) RESTful
6 47 (5.93%) HTML
6 47 (5.93%) XML
7 46 (5.80%) JSON
8 45 (5.67%) PySpark
9 40 (5.04%) Akka
9 40 (5.04%) Spring Boot
10 38 (4.79%) J2EE
11 37 (4.67%) AngularJS
11 37 (4.67%) CSS
12 32 (4.04%) REST
13 30 (3.78%) HTML5
14 24 (3.03%) Vue.js
15 21 (2.65%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 66 (8.32%) Derivative
2 60 (7.57%) Equities
3 59 (7.44%) Analytical Skills
4 49 (6.18%) Fixed Income
5 35 (4.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 28 (3.53%) Algorithms
7 26 (3.28%) Data Structures
7 26 (3.28%) Hedge funds
8 23 (2.90%) Greenfield Project
9 16 (2.02%) Bitcoin
10 14 (1.77%) Hybrid Cloud
10 14 (1.77%) Linux Command Line
10 14 (1.77%) Mainframe
10 14 (1.77%) User Experience
11 12 (1.51%) Credit Risk
11 12 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
12 9 (1.13%) Market Risk
13 8 (1.01%) NHS
14 7 (0.88%) Lidar
14 7 (0.88%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 96 (12.11%) Linux
2 34 (4.29%) Unix
3 16 (2.02%) Android
3 16 (2.02%) Windows
4 5 (0.63%) Apple iOS
4 5 (0.63%) CentOS
4 5 (0.63%) Debian
4 5 (0.63%) Mac OS X
4 5 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 5 (0.63%) Ubuntu
5 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 387 (48.80%) Agile Software Development
2 240 (30.26%) TDD
3 215 (27.11%) DevOps
4 194 (24.46%) Microservices
5 159 (20.05%) Software Engineering
6 119 (15.01%) Scrum
7 102 (12.86%) BDD
7 102 (12.86%) Test Automation
8 99 (12.48%) Continuous Integration
9 89 (11.22%) Analytics
10 82 (10.34%) ETL
11 80 (10.09%) Data Modelling
12 73 (9.21%) Data Engineering
13 66 (8.32%) Business Intelligence
13 66 (8.32%) Problem-Solving
14 59 (7.44%) Computer Science
15 58 (7.31%) Continuous Delivery
16 54 (6.81%) Data Science
16 54 (6.81%) Open Source
17 52 (6.56%) Data Ingestion
Programming Languages
1 480 (60.53%) Java
2 344 (43.38%) Python
3 234 (29.51%) SQL
4 127 (16.02%) JavaScript
5 104 (13.11%) Kotlin
6 73 (9.21%) Go
7 67 (8.45%) C#
8 61 (7.69%) C++
9 45 (5.67%) PL/SQL
10 43 (5.42%) TypeScript
11 42 (5.30%) Ruby
12 38 (4.79%) Java 8
12 38 (4.79%) R
13 35 (4.41%) Shell Script
14 33 (4.16%) Clojure
15 27 (3.40%) Bash Shell
16 22 (2.77%) Groovy
17 19 (2.40%) Haskell
18 14 (1.77%) Perl
19 13 (1.64%) Rust
Qualifications
1 59 (7.44%) Degree
2 58 (7.31%) Security Cleared
3 41 (5.17%) SC Cleared
4 25 (3.15%) Numerate Degree
5 16 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (0.88%) Master's Degree
6 7 (0.88%) PhD
7 6 (0.76%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.13%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.13%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.13%) ISEB
9 1 (0.13%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.77%) QA
2 13 (1.64%) Data Quality
3 8 (1.01%) WCAG
4 3 (0.38%) MiFID
5 2 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.25%) SLA
6 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 101 (12.74%) Docker
2 67 (8.45%) HDFS
3 9 (1.13%) Apache Flume
3 9 (1.13%) Time Sharing Option
4 8 (1.01%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 139 (17.53%) Kubernetes
2 78 (9.84%) Terraform
3 35 (4.41%) Puppet
4 33 (4.16%) Ansible
5 20 (2.52%) Oozie
6 19 (2.40%) Kibana
7 15 (1.89%) Grafana
7 15 (1.89%) Hadoop YARN
8 13 (1.64%) Prometheus
9 7 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.76%) Zipkin
11 5 (0.63%) Salt
12 4 (0.50%) PingFederate
12 4 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.38%) Packer
14 1 (0.13%) Chronos
14 1 (0.13%) Istio
14 1 (0.13%) Marathon
14 1 (0.13%) Mesos
Vendors
1 63 (7.94%) Oracle
2 60 (7.57%) Cloudera
3 41 (5.17%) Databricks
4 37 (4.67%) Google
5 33 (4.16%) webMethods
6 28 (3.53%) BEA
7 18 (2.27%) Bloomberg
7 18 (2.27%) Hortonworks
8 17 (2.14%) Atlassian
9 14 (1.77%) Informatica
9 14 (1.77%) Microsoft
10 11 (1.39%) Splunk
10 11 (1.39%) Sybase
11 9 (1.13%) StreamSets
12 8 (1.01%) Red Hat
13 7 (0.88%) Cognizant
13 7 (0.88%) Talend
14 6 (0.76%) MapR
14 6 (0.76%) MuleSoft
15 5 (0.63%) Sparx