Period
to 27 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 27 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 182 167 145
Rank change year-on-year -15 -22 -21
Contract jobs citing Scala 1,024 1,646 1,874
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.43% 1.68% 1.88%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.51% 3.79% 4.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 743 1,091 1,442
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £539
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.09% +2.62%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £410
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £495 £500
% change year-on-year +1.01% -1.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 6 1
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £29.75 £82.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.14% -63.94% +176.71%
10th Percentile £16.00 £21.18 £73.75
90th Percentile £39.92 £124.39 £91.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £24.00 -
% change year-on-year -33.32% - -

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 29,135 43,431 42,050
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.75% 44.33% 42.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,959 30,501 29,610
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £320 £308
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 596 695 764
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.25 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.59% +5.63% -
10th Percentile £17.23 £17.00 £16.62
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.40 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +0.63%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Scala.

Contractor daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 930 £550 - 353
London 0 624 £575 -4.17% 252
UK excluding London -35 371 £500 +1.01% 129
South East -1 147 £500 -2.44% 56
North of England +20 98 £475 - 20
Yorkshire +27 45 £490 +0.51% 11
Scotland +26 44 £575 +32.18% 19
South West -25 30 £550 +2.33% 7
North East +15 28 £398 -15.43% 2
North West +22 25 £520 +12.43% 7
Midlands -19 23 £473 +7.39% 10
Wales +14 20 £475 -5.00% 8
West Midlands -6 20 £474 +7.67% 5
East of England +12 8 £475 -1.81% 8
East Midlands +7 3 £450 -10.00% 5
Northern Ireland -8 1 £575 +21.05% 1

For the 6 months to 27 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 536 (52.34%) Java
2 502 (49.02%) Agile Software Development
3 450 (43.95%) Python
4 336 (32.81%) SQL
5 315 (30.76%) Apache Spark
6 267 (26.07%) Big Data
7 259 (25.29%) Hadoop
8 247 (24.12%) Kafka
9 230 (22.46%) AWS
10 218 (21.29%) TDD
11 206 (20.12%) Test Automation
12 199 (19.43%) DevOps
13 188 (18.36%) Continuous Integration
14 171 (16.70%) Git (software)
14 171 (16.70%) Microservices
15 161 (15.72%) Azure
16 159 (15.53%) JavaScript
16 159 (15.53%) Jenkins
17 154 (15.04%) NoSQL
18 150 (14.65%) Analytics
19 146 (14.26%) Finance
20 144 (14.06%) CSS
21 140 (13.67%) ETL
22 138 (13.48%) Scrum
22 138 (13.48%) Apache Hive
23 136 (13.28%) Google
23 136 (13.28%) HTML
23 136 (13.28%) Play Framework
23 136 (13.28%) Docker
24 135 (13.18%) Problem-Solving

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 315 (30.76%) Apache Spark
2 75 (7.32%) Apache
3 56 (5.47%) Confluence
4 51 (4.98%) WebLogic
5 29 (2.83%) Elasticsearch
6 24 (2.34%) Apache Airflow
7 16 (1.56%) SAS
7 16 (1.56%) Tomcat
8 15 (1.46%) JBoss
9 14 (1.37%) nginx
10 12 (1.17%) OpenStack
11 9 (0.88%) Jupyter
12 6 (0.59%) Luigi
13 5 (0.49%) DNN
14 4 (0.39%) Apache Solr
15 2 (0.20%) Apache Pig
16 1 (0.098%) Cloud Foundry
16 1 (0.098%) Jetty
16 1 (0.098%) Oracle Self-Service HR
16 1 (0.098%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.098%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (0.98%) FINCAD Analytics
2 4 (0.39%) thinkFolio
3 1 (0.098%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.098%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 230 (22.46%) AWS
2 161 (15.72%) Azure
3 123 (12.01%) GCP
4 63 (6.15%) GitHub
5 51 (4.98%) Power Platform
6 47 (4.59%) Serverless
7 43 (4.20%) Amazon Kinesis
8 35 (3.42%) Google Analytics
9 32 (3.13%) Amazon S3
10 27 (2.64%) Azure Data Factory
11 26 (2.54%) AWS Lambda
12 23 (2.25%) Amazon EMR
12 23 (2.25%) AWS CloudFormation
13 22 (2.15%) Amazon EC2
14 16 (1.56%) Azure Functions
15 14 (1.37%) OpenShift
16 13 (1.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 12 (1.17%) AWS Step Functions
18 11 (1.07%) Amazon SQS
18 11 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 76 (7.42%) HTTP
2 37 (3.61%) SSL
3 36 (3.52%) TCP/IP
4 23 (2.25%) DSL
5 12 (1.17%) Firewall
6 8 (0.78%) Internet
7 4 (0.39%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.39%) PuTTY
8 3 (0.29%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.098%) Ethernet
9 1 (0.098%) FTP
9 1 (0.098%) SSH
9 1 (0.098%) VPN
9 1 (0.098%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 267 (26.07%) Big Data
2 259 (25.29%) Hadoop
3 154 (15.04%) NoSQL
4 138 (13.48%) Apache Hive
5 116 (11.33%) MongoDB
6 100 (9.77%) Relational Database
7 93 (9.08%) HBase
8 85 (8.30%) Apache Cassandra
9 75 (7.32%) Data Lake
10 73 (7.13%) PostgreSQL
11 70 (6.84%) Impala
12 68 (6.64%) Data Warehouse
13 56 (5.47%) Spark SQL
14 52 (5.08%) SQL Server
15 51 (4.98%) Power BI
16 44 (4.30%) MySQL
17 38 (3.71%) Amazon Redshift
18 37 (3.61%) RDBMS
19 35 (3.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 31 (3.03%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 171 (16.70%) Git (software)
2 159 (15.53%) Jenkins
3 101 (9.86%) Cucumber
4 93 (9.08%) Selenium
5 83 (8.11%) JIRA
6 60 (5.86%) Gatling
7 47 (4.59%) JUnit
8 42 (4.10%) Bitbucket
9 33 (3.22%) IntelliJ
10 29 (2.83%) Maven
11 24 (2.34%) Visual Studio Team System
12 19 (1.86%) Gradle
13 16 (1.56%) Ant
13 16 (1.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 16 (1.56%) Eclipse
13 16 (1.56%) Visual Studio
14 15 (1.46%) TeamCity
15 14 (1.37%) Grunt
15 14 (1.37%) Karma Test Runner
15 14 (1.37%) WebDriver
General
1 146 (14.26%) Finance
2 129 (12.60%) Banking
3 50 (4.88%) Public Sector
4 43 (4.20%) Investment Banking
5 40 (3.91%) Front Office
6 18 (1.76%) Games
6 18 (1.76%) Telecoms
7 17 (1.66%) Marketing
8 15 (1.46%) Retail
9 13 (1.27%) Legal
10 10 (0.98%) Advertising
11 8 (0.78%) Retail Banking
12 7 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
13 4 (0.39%) Back Office
13 4 (0.39%) Law
13 4 (0.39%) Publishing
14 3 (0.29%) International Banking
14 3 (0.29%) Manufacturing
15 1 (0.098%) Corporate Banking
15 1 (0.098%) iGaming
Job Titles
1 524 (51.17%) Developer
2 305 (29.79%) Scala Developer
3 211 (20.61%) Data Engineer
4 109 (10.64%) Java Developer
5 64 (6.25%) Senior Developer
6 61 (5.96%) Big Data Engineer
7 59 (5.76%) Architect
8 44 (4.30%) Python Engineer
9 41 (4.00%) Senior Scala Developer
10 40 (3.91%) Big Data Developer
11 37 (3.61%) AWS Engineer
12 35 (3.42%) Java Scala Developer
13 34 (3.32%) Agile Developer
13 34 (3.32%) Data Scientist
13 34 (3.32%) DevOps Engineer
14 32 (3.13%) Analyst
14 32 (3.13%) Data Architect
14 32 (3.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 28 (2.73%) Full Stack Developer
16 24 (2.34%) Senior Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 247 (24.12%) Kafka
2 144 (14.06%) CSS
3 136 (13.28%) HTML
3 136 (13.28%) Play Framework
4 121 (11.82%) REST
5 114 (11.13%) JSON
6 106 (10.35%) RESTful
7 101 (9.86%) HTML5
7 101 (9.86%) Spring
8 89 (8.69%) Node.js
9 76 (7.42%) CSS3
10 75 (7.32%) Web Services
11 71 (6.93%) Akka
12 64 (6.25%) XML
13 59 (5.76%) Gherkin
13 59 (5.76%) React
14 55 (5.37%) J2EE
15 51 (4.98%) PySpark
16 43 (4.20%) Ajax
17 42 (4.10%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 66 (6.45%) Analytical Skills
2 59 (5.76%) Greenfield Project
3 39 (3.81%) Algorithms
4 34 (3.32%) User Experience
5 28 (2.73%) Data Structures
6 26 (2.54%) Derivative
7 22 (2.15%) Fixed Income
8 16 (1.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 16 (1.56%) Public Cloud
9 14 (1.37%) Credit Risk
9 14 (1.37%) Market Risk
10 13 (1.27%) Equity Derivative
10 13 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
11 12 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
12 11 (1.07%) Hedge funds
12 11 (1.07%) Management Information System
13 8 (0.78%) Mobile App
14 7 (0.68%) Reference Data
14 7 (0.68%) Robotics
15 6 (0.59%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 93 (9.08%) Linux
2 57 (5.57%) Unix
3 35 (3.42%) Windows
4 21 (2.05%) Ubuntu
5 10 (0.98%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.68%) Android
7 5 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.39%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.29%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.20%) CentOS
10 2 (0.20%) VMS
10 2 (0.20%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.098%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 502 (49.02%) Agile Software Development
2 218 (21.29%) TDD
3 206 (20.12%) Test Automation
4 199 (19.43%) DevOps
5 188 (18.36%) Continuous Integration
6 171 (16.70%) Microservices
7 150 (14.65%) Analytics
8 140 (13.67%) ETL
9 138 (13.48%) Scrum
10 135 (13.18%) Problem-Solving
11 132 (12.89%) Business Intelligence
12 129 (12.60%) Data Modelling
13 126 (12.30%) Data Science
14 124 (12.11%) Software Engineering
15 101 (9.86%) BDD
16 93 (9.08%) Machine Learning
17 90 (8.79%) Open Source
18 88 (8.59%) Data Engineering
19 84 (8.20%) Web Development
20 79 (7.71%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 536 (52.34%) Java
2 450 (43.95%) Python
3 336 (32.81%) SQL
4 159 (15.53%) JavaScript
5 99 (9.67%) Ruby
6 92 (8.98%) Groovy
7 67 (6.54%) R
8 60 (5.86%) Kotlin
9 59 (5.76%) C#
10 58 (5.66%) Go
11 39 (3.81%) PL/SQL
12 35 (3.42%) TypeScript
13 31 (3.03%) Java 8
13 31 (3.03%) Perl
14 29 (2.83%) C++
15 28 (2.73%) Bash Shell
15 28 (2.73%) Clojure
16 19 (1.86%) C
16 19 (1.86%) Haskell
17 12 (1.17%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 81 (7.91%) Degree
2 27 (2.64%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (1.76%) Security Cleared
4 16 (1.56%) Master's Degree
5 14 (1.37%) PhD
5 14 (1.37%) SC Cleared
6 7 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.20%) MBA
8 1 (0.098%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.098%) CISA
8 1 (0.098%) CISM
8 1 (0.098%) CISSP
8 1 (0.098%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.098%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.098%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.098%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 1 (0.098%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (3.61%) QA
2 25 (2.44%) Data Quality
3 24 (2.34%) WCAG
4 1 (0.098%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.098%) GDPR
System Software
1 136 (13.28%) Docker
2 90 (8.79%) HDFS
3 9 (0.88%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.20%) LXC
4 2 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.098%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.098%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 96 (9.38%) Kubernetes
2 71 (6.93%) Terraform
3 57 (5.57%) Kibana
4 55 (5.37%) Hadoop YARN
5 41 (4.00%) Ansible
6 37 (3.61%) Grafana
7 35 (3.42%) Puppet
8 9 (0.88%) Docker Swarm
9 8 (0.78%) Istio
9 8 (0.78%) linkerd
10 6 (0.59%) Opscode Chef
11 4 (0.39%) Oozie
12 2 (0.20%) Mesos
12 2 (0.20%) Packer
12 2 (0.20%) Prometheus
12 2 (0.20%) Salt
13 1 (0.098%) Marathon
13 1 (0.098%) Nessus
Vendors
1 136 (13.28%) Google
2 86 (8.40%) Oracle
3 65 (6.35%) Cloudera
4 59 (5.76%) Databricks
5 57 (5.57%) Hortonworks
6 53 (5.18%) Microsoft
7 47 (4.59%) webMethods
8 35 (3.42%) BEA
8 35 (3.42%) Tableau
9 20 (1.95%) Talend
10 18 (1.76%) Splunk
11 16 (1.56%) Palantir
12 15 (1.46%) Atlassian
12 15 (1.46%) Teradata
13 14 (1.37%) IBM
13 14 (1.37%) Informatica
13 14 (1.37%) Red Hat
14 12 (1.17%) Adobe
14 12 (1.17%) MapR
14 12 (1.17%) Sybase