Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Scala skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Scala over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Scala
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 160 143 144
Rank change year-on-year -17 +1 +83
Contract jobs citing Scala 1,755 1,873 1,993
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.71% 1.89% 1.88%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.85% 4.50% 4.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,174 1,382 1,508
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% -6.82%
10th Percentile £413 £400 £400
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +4.21% - +4.40%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 0 0
UK median hourly rate £46.33 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 - -

Scala is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,580 41,660 42,607
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.54% 41.93% 40.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,986 28,938 29,274
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £314 £306 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £418 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +4.38% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 692 783 907
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £16.29 £15.83 £14.20
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.94% +8.00% +1.35%

Scala
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Scala as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Scala.

Contractor daily rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Scala in the UK

Scala
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Scala over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Scala in the UK

Scala
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Scala within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 1,626 £550 +3.77% 367
London -25 1,071 £575 +4.55% 251
UK excluding London +15 654 £495 +4.21% 143
South East +9 245 £513 +2.50% 28
North of England -58 138 £463 -2.63% 48
Midlands -18 88 £438 -7.89% 14
Yorkshire -50 82 £450 -5.26% 22
Scotland +19 73 £473 +11.18% 10
West Midlands -25 65 £450 -5.26% 4
North West +18 49 £463 -19.57% 22
East of England +35 44 £500 +25.00% 11
South West -11 31 £500 +5.26% 15
East Midlands +18 23 £400 -21.95% 10
Northern Ireland +51 21 £500 - 5
Wales -17 15 £495 +10.00% 12
North East -43 7 £450 - 4

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Scala also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Scala.

1 1,229 (70.03%) Java
2 915 (52.14%) Agile Software Development
3 649 (36.98%) Python
4 520 (29.63%) TDD
5 484 (27.58%) Apache Spark
6 460 (26.21%) Big Data
7 429 (24.44%) Docker
8 423 (24.10%) Hadoop
9 402 (22.91%) Microservices
10 397 (22.62%) NoSQL
11 387 (22.05%) Git (software)
12 385 (21.94%) SQL
13 384 (21.88%) Jenkins
14 366 (20.85%) Amazon AWS
15 363 (20.68%) Kafka
16 359 (20.46%) Scrum
17 347 (19.77%) JavaScript
18 331 (18.86%) DevOps
19 328 (18.69%) RESTful
20 321 (18.29%) Continuous Integration
21 318 (18.12%) BDD
22 317 (18.06%) Spring
23 307 (17.49%) Linux
24 306 (17.44%) Finance
25 299 (17.04%) Open Source
26 295 (16.81%) Play Framework
27 284 (16.18%) Test Automation
28 278 (15.84%) MongoDB
29 257 (14.64%) REST
30 256 (14.59%) Analytics

Scala
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 484 (27.58%) Apache Spark
2 187 (10.66%) Apache
3 127 (7.24%) Elasticsearch
4 108 (6.15%) Confluence
5 57 (3.25%) Tomcat
6 55 (3.13%) MQSeries
7 44 (2.51%) Apache Solr
8 40 (2.28%) nginx
9 38 (2.17%) Apache Pig
10 34 (1.94%) JBoss
11 29 (1.65%) WebLogic
12 26 (1.48%) SAS
13 20 (1.14%) Apache Airflow
14 19 (1.08%) WebSphere
15 9 (0.51%) Oracle Coherence
16 8 (0.46%) WildFly
17 7 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 7 (0.40%) SharePoint
18 4 (0.23%) Mule
18 4 (0.23%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 3 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 17 (0.97%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.11%) ION MarketView
2 2 (0.11%) Markit EDM
2 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.11%) PolarLake
3 1 (0.057%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 366 (20.85%) Amazon AWS
2 118 (6.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 80 (4.56%) GitHub
4 73 (4.16%) Google Cloud Platform
5 64 (3.65%) Amazon EMR
5 64 (3.65%) Amazon S3
6 56 (3.19%) Amazon EC2
7 54 (3.08%) Google Analytics
8 46 (2.62%) Amazon Kinesis
9 40 (2.28%) Cloud Computing
10 24 (1.37%) Serverless
11 20 (1.14%) AWS Lambda
12 15 (0.85%) PaaS
13 9 (0.51%) Datadog
13 9 (0.51%) Slack
14 8 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
14 8 (0.46%) SaaS
15 7 (0.40%) Heroku
16 6 (0.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 6 (0.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 109 (6.21%) HTTP
2 52 (2.96%) TCP/IP
3 48 (2.74%) SSL
4 15 (0.85%) Kerberos
5 10 (0.57%) Internet
6 9 (0.51%) DNS
6 9 (0.51%) Firewall
6 9 (0.51%) Skype
7 5 (0.28%) BIG-IP
7 5 (0.28%) SNA
7 5 (0.28%) VPN
8 4 (0.23%) LAN
9 2 (0.11%) SMS
10 1 (0.057%) DSL
10 1 (0.057%) ICMP
10 1 (0.057%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 460 (26.21%) Big Data
2 423 (24.10%) Hadoop
3 397 (22.62%) NoSQL
4 278 (15.84%) MongoDB
5 220 (12.54%) Apache Hive
6 206 (11.74%) Apache Cassandra
7 186 (10.60%) Relational Database
8 133 (7.58%) HBase
9 97 (5.53%) SQL Server
10 89 (5.07%) PostgreSQL
11 79 (4.50%) Amazon Redshift
12 75 (4.27%) Impala
13 72 (4.10%) Couchbase
14 69 (3.93%) Data Warehouse
15 65 (3.70%) RDBMS
16 59 (3.36%) MySQL
17 57 (3.25%) Data Lake
18 35 (1.99%) Power BI
18 35 (1.99%) Sqoop
19 32 (1.82%) Presto
Development Applications
1 387 (22.05%) Git (software)
2 384 (21.88%) Jenkins
3 170 (9.69%) JIRA
4 159 (9.06%) Selenium
5 133 (7.58%) Maven
6 124 (7.07%) JUnit
7 115 (6.55%) Cucumber
8 90 (5.13%) IntelliJ
9 89 (5.07%) Gatling
10 60 (3.42%) Subversion
11 49 (2.79%) Eclipse
11 49 (2.79%) Gradle
11 49 (2.79%) gulp
12 47 (2.68%) Hudson
13 46 (2.62%) SoapUI
14 43 (2.45%) Ant
15 42 (2.39%) Sublime Text
16 38 (2.17%) JMeter
17 30 (1.71%) Grunt
17 30 (1.71%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 306 (17.44%) Finance
2 128 (7.29%) Banking
3 86 (4.90%) Games
4 66 (3.76%) Front Office
5 51 (2.91%) Retail
6 40 (2.28%) Investment Banking
7 26 (1.48%) Publishing
8 21 (1.20%) Telecoms
9 17 (0.97%) Advertising
10 16 (0.91%) Financial Institution
11 15 (0.85%) Legal
12 14 (0.80%) Marketing
13 9 (0.51%) Back Office
14 6 (0.34%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.23%) Law
16 2 (0.11%) Automotive
16 2 (0.11%) Manufacturing
16 2 (0.11%) Wholesale Banking
17 1 (0.057%) Dutch Language
17 1 (0.057%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 1,005 (57.26%) Developer
2 457 (26.04%) Scala Developer
3 384 (21.88%) Java Developer
4 259 (14.76%) Data Engineer
5 131 (7.46%) Big Data Engineer
6 126 (7.18%) Senior Developer
7 99 (5.64%) Java Scala Developer
8 73 (4.16%) DevOps Engineer
9 70 (3.99%) Architect
10 64 (3.65%) Big Data Developer
10 64 (3.65%) Software Engineer
11 59 (3.36%) Java Engineer
12 57 (3.25%) Data Scientist
12 57 (3.25%) Senior Scala Developer
13 55 (3.13%) Agile Developer
14 54 (3.08%) Senior Java Developer
15 49 (2.79%) Senior Data Engineer
16 45 (2.56%) Hadoop Engineer
17 44 (2.51%) Analyst
18 43 (2.45%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 363 (20.68%) Kafka
2 328 (18.69%) RESTful
3 317 (18.06%) Spring
4 295 (16.81%) Play Framework
5 257 (14.64%) REST
6 243 (13.85%) Web Services
7 211 (12.02%) HTML
8 187 (10.66%) CSS
9 184 (10.48%) Node.js
10 175 (9.97%) JSON
11 162 (9.23%) Akka
12 159 (9.06%) HTML5
13 148 (8.43%) Hibernate
14 144 (8.21%) AngularJS
15 119 (6.78%) Spring Boot
15 119 (6.78%) Spring MVC
16 91 (5.19%) Gherkin
17 89 (5.07%) XML
18 88 (5.01%) React
19 80 (4.56%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 147 (8.38%) Greenfield Project
2 120 (6.84%) Algorithms
3 96 (5.47%) Analytical Skills
4 94 (5.36%) Computer Science
5 62 (3.53%) Data Structures
6 55 (3.13%) Derivative
7 50 (2.85%) Fintech
8 49 (2.79%) Enterprise Software
9 34 (1.94%) Fixed Income
10 33 (1.88%) User Experience
11 29 (1.65%) Public Cloud
12 28 (1.60%) Equities
13 23 (1.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 22 (1.25%) Market Risk
14 22 (1.25%) Mobile App
15 17 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
16 16 (0.91%) Equity Derivative
16 16 (0.91%) HoloLens
17 13 (0.74%) Grid Computing
18 12 (0.68%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 307 (17.49%) Linux
2 152 (8.66%) Unix
3 66 (3.76%) Windows
4 53 (3.02%) Ubuntu
5 13 (0.74%) Android
6 11 (0.63%) Apple iOS
7 9 (0.51%) CentOS
7 9 (0.51%) Mac OS
8 8 (0.46%) Mac OS X
9 4 (0.23%) Mesosphere
10 1 (0.057%) DC/OS
10 1 (0.057%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.057%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 915 (52.14%) Agile Software Development
2 520 (29.63%) TDD
3 402 (22.91%) Microservices
4 359 (20.46%) Scrum
5 331 (18.86%) DevOps
6 321 (18.29%) Continuous Integration
7 318 (18.12%) BDD
8 299 (17.04%) Open Source
9 284 (16.18%) Test Automation
10 256 (14.59%) Analytics
11 235 (13.39%) Software Engineering
12 229 (13.05%) Problem-Solving
13 224 (12.76%) Kanban
14 207 (11.79%) Data Science
15 164 (9.34%) Pair Programming
16 163 (9.29%) Continuous Delivery
16 163 (9.29%) Functional Programming
17 144 (8.21%) ETL
17 144 (8.21%) Machine Learning
18 137 (7.81%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,229 (70.03%) Java
2 649 (36.98%) Python
3 385 (21.94%) SQL
4 347 (19.77%) JavaScript
5 204 (11.62%) Groovy
6 201 (11.45%) Ruby
7 187 (10.66%) Java 8
8 177 (10.09%) C#
9 121 (6.89%) C++
10 73 (4.16%) Bash Shell
10 73 (4.16%) R
11 72 (4.10%) Perl
12 66 (3.76%) Clojure
13 62 (3.53%) Go
14 61 (3.48%) Haskell
15 55 (3.13%) Java 9
16 39 (2.22%) Shell Script
17 32 (1.82%) Kotlin
18 26 (1.48%) C
19 23 (1.31%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 91 (5.19%) Degree
2 56 (3.19%) BPSS Clearance
3 35 (1.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 35 (1.99%) Security Cleared
4 28 (1.60%) SC Cleared
5 19 (1.08%) PhD
6 18 (1.03%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.23%) A+ Certification
8 3 (0.17%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.11%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.11%) ISEB
9 2 (0.11%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 2 (0.11%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.057%) APMP
10 1 (0.057%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.057%) CEH
10 1 (0.057%) CISM
10 1 (0.057%) CISSP
10 1 (0.057%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 88 (5.01%) QA
2 22 (1.25%) Data Quality
3 14 (0.80%) GDPR
4 7 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.40%) MiFID
5 6 (0.34%) EMIR
6 5 (0.28%) WCAG
7 2 (0.11%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.057%) HL7
8 1 (0.057%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 429 (24.44%) Docker
2 80 (4.56%) HDFS
3 35 (1.99%) Apache Flume
4 22 (1.25%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (0.97%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.34%) LXC
7 4 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
8 3 (0.17%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.11%) Active Directory
9 2 (0.11%) Ceph
10 1 (0.057%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 220 (12.54%) Kubernetes
2 113 (6.44%) Ansible
3 112 (6.38%) Puppet
4 88 (5.01%) Kibana
5 68 (3.87%) Grafana
6 64 (3.65%) Terraform
7 44 (2.51%) Opscode Chef
8 37 (2.11%) Mesos
9 34 (1.94%) Hadoop YARN
10 30 (1.71%) logstash
11 24 (1.37%) Oozie
12 18 (1.03%) Prometheus
13 15 (0.85%) Graphite
14 14 (0.80%) Salt
15 13 (0.74%) Control-M
16 11 (0.63%) Packer
17 10 (0.57%) ITRS Geneos
18 8 (0.46%) Marathon
19 7 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
20 6 (0.34%) Nagios
Vendors
1 170 (9.69%) Google
2 102 (5.81%) Oracle
3 63 (3.59%) Cloudera
4 50 (2.85%) Hortonworks
5 43 (2.45%) Tableau
6 42 (2.39%) Splunk
7 34 (1.94%) Adobe
8 32 (1.82%) Informatica
9 30 (1.71%) Microsoft
10 29 (1.65%) SaltStack
11 28 (1.60%) MapR
12 27 (1.54%) Atlassian
13 26 (1.48%) webMethods
14 23 (1.31%) AppDynamics
15 20 (1.14%) Teradata
16 19 (1.08%) SOASTA, Inc
17 14 (0.80%) Databricks
17 14 (0.80%) Talend
18 12 (0.68%) Alteryx
19 11 (0.63%) Bloomberg