Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 172 166 135
Rank change year-on-year -6 -31 -35
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,355 1,690 1,926
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.55% 1.66% 1.95%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.68% 3.73% 4.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 939 1,113 1,384
UK median daily rate £525 £518 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.45% +3.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £390 £375 £363
90th Percentile £700 £650 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 14 5
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.29% -12.50% +300.00%
10th Percentile £24.10 £12.73 £16.64
90th Percentile £36.85 £73.75 £41.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £19.30
% change year-on-year - +81.39% +92.95%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 36,799 45,319 41,332
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.14% 44.46% 41.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,471 31,859 28,514
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £306
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 664 723 780
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.02% +3.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.31 £16.25 £15.79
90th Percentile £56.18 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £41.92 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.96% +4.81% +6.67%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 1,258 £538 +4.17% 484
London +15 844 £550 +4.76% 240
UK excluding London -45 477 £488 +2.63% 290
North of England -14 143 £500 +8.11% 91
South East -55 115 £500 - 72
South West +23 74 £550 +15.79% 37
Yorkshire +14 69 £500 +11.11% 45
North West -14 55 £475 -5.94% 41
Scotland +8 53 £450 -10.00% 30
East of England 0 43 £450 -5.26% 22
Midlands +1 36 £525 +16.67% 22
North East -2 19 £481 +31.85% 5
West Midlands -7 19 £550 +22.11% 17
East Midlands +19 17 £489 +22.19% 5
Wales +11 13 £734 +39.76% 14
Northern Ireland -1 2 £425 -19.05% 2

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 795 (58.67%) Python
2 702 (51.81%) Agile Software Development
3 571 (42.14%) DevOps
4 517 (38.15%) Linux
5 506 (37.34%) AWS
6 495 (36.53%) Java
7 441 (32.55%) JavaScript
8 389 (28.71%) Ruby on Rails
9 334 (24.65%) Jenkins
10 328 (24.21%) TDD
11 320 (23.62%) Continuous Integration
12 308 (22.73%) Git (software)
13 302 (22.29%) Docker
14 295 (21.77%) Bash Shell
15 258 (19.04%) Test Automation
16 255 (18.82%) Opscode Chef
17 250 (18.45%) Puppet
18 242 (17.86%) Node.js
19 239 (17.64%) Terraform
20 230 (16.97%) HTML
21 227 (16.75%) Ansible
22 224 (16.53%) Scrum
23 207 (15.28%) Perl
24 204 (15.06%) CSS
25 203 (14.98%) Kubernetes
26 201 (14.83%) Configuration Management
27 198 (14.61%) Go
28 181 (13.36%) JIRA
29 174 (12.84%) Security Cleared
30 168 (12.40%) PostgreSQL

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (5.17%) Confluence
2 64 (4.72%) Elasticsearch
3 60 (4.43%) Apache
4 48 (3.54%) nginx
5 47 (3.47%) JBoss
6 37 (2.73%) Tomcat
7 34 (2.51%) Apache Spark
8 24 (1.77%) IIS
9 22 (1.62%) Cloud Foundry
10 21 (1.55%) OpenStack
11 19 (1.40%) WebLogic
12 15 (1.11%) WebSphere
13 14 (1.03%) SAS
14 11 (0.81%) Jetty
15 10 (0.74%) Drupal
16 7 (0.52%) Mattermost
17 6 (0.44%) ColdFusion
18 5 (0.37%) Oracle Self-Service HR
18 5 (0.37%) SharePoint
19 4 (0.30%) Umbraco
Applications
1 7 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.074%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.074%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (0.52%) Magento
2 5 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.22%) CA PPM
3 3 (0.22%) Eloqua
3 3 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.074%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 1 (0.074%) CSG Singleview
5 1 (0.074%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 506 (37.34%) AWS
2 162 (11.96%) Azure
3 100 (7.38%) GCP
4 93 (6.86%) Serverless
5 90 (6.64%) AWS CloudFormation
6 84 (6.20%) GitHub
7 62 (4.58%) AWS Lambda
8 59 (4.35%) PaaS
9 51 (3.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 50 (3.69%) Datadog
11 40 (2.95%) Cloud Computing
12 38 (2.80%) OpenShift
13 37 (2.73%) Amazon S3
14 36 (2.66%) Amazon EC2
15 34 (2.51%) IaaS
16 29 (2.14%) Amazon Kinesis
17 23 (1.70%) Heroku
18 22 (1.62%) Amazon ECS
18 22 (1.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 18 (1.33%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 83 (6.13%) HTTP
2 54 (3.99%) Firewall
3 53 (3.91%) Internet
4 51 (3.76%) TCP/IP
5 43 (3.17%) VPN
6 38 (2.80%) SSL
7 35 (2.58%) DNS
8 15 (1.11%) SSH
9 7 (0.52%) FTP
9 7 (0.52%) Wireshark
10 6 (0.44%) DVB
11 5 (0.37%) AMQP
11 5 (0.37%) DHCP
11 5 (0.37%) VoIP
12 3 (0.22%) MPLS
12 3 (0.22%) Network Security
12 3 (0.22%) PuTTY
12 3 (0.22%) SMTP
12 3 (0.22%) Software-Defined Networking
12 3 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 168 (12.40%) PostgreSQL
2 138 (10.18%) MySQL
3 128 (9.45%) MongoDB
4 101 (7.45%) NoSQL
5 58 (4.28%) Relational Database
6 57 (4.21%) Big Data
7 52 (3.84%) Hadoop
8 46 (3.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 31 (2.29%) Redis
10 26 (1.92%) Amazon RDS
11 24 (1.77%) SQL Server
12 17 (1.25%) RDBMS
13 11 (0.81%) Amazon Athena
13 11 (0.81%) Data Warehouse
13 11 (0.81%) Ingres
14 10 (0.74%) Neo4j
15 9 (0.66%) Apache Hive
15 9 (0.66%) Blockchain
16 7 (0.52%) HBase
16 7 (0.52%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 334 (24.65%) Jenkins
2 308 (22.73%) Git (software)
3 181 (13.36%) JIRA
4 93 (6.86%) Cucumber
5 76 (5.61%) Selenium
6 57 (4.21%) Sonatype Nexus
7 50 (3.69%) Subversion
8 37 (2.73%) Vagrant
9 30 (2.21%) TeamCity
10 28 (2.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 28 (2.07%) gulp
11 26 (1.92%) Artifactory
12 25 (1.85%) Maven
12 25 (1.85%) RSpec
13 22 (1.62%) Bitbucket
14 21 (1.55%) Ant
14 21 (1.55%) IntelliJ
14 21 (1.55%) JUnit
15 20 (1.48%) Capybara
15 20 (1.48%) Gradle
General
1 145 (10.70%) Finance
2 133 (9.82%) Public Sector
3 37 (2.73%) Banking
4 16 (1.18%) Telecoms
5 10 (0.74%) Law
5 10 (0.74%) Retail
6 9 (0.66%) Marketing
7 7 (0.52%) Legal
8 6 (0.44%) Advertising
8 6 (0.44%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.37%) German Language
9 5 (0.37%) Investment Banking
9 5 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
10 3 (0.22%) Electronics
10 3 (0.22%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.22%) Retail Banking
11 2 (0.15%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.074%) Billing
12 1 (0.074%) Games
12 1 (0.074%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 564 (41.62%) Developer
2 283 (20.89%) DevOps Engineer
3 199 (14.69%) Ruby Developer
4 121 (8.93%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 108 (7.97%) Cloud Engineer
6 105 (7.75%) Architect
7 74 (5.46%) AWS Engineer
8 64 (4.72%) Java Developer
9 59 (4.35%) Technical Architect
10 57 (4.21%) Python Developer
11 55 (4.06%) AWS DevOps
12 50 (3.69%) Senior Developer
13 48 (3.54%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 46 (3.39%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 42 (3.10%) Full Stack Developer
15 42 (3.10%) Software Engineer
15 42 (3.10%) Test Engineer
16 37 (2.73%) Ruby Engineer
17 35 (2.58%) Platform Engineer
17 35 (2.58%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 389 (28.71%) Ruby on Rails
2 242 (17.86%) Node.js
3 230 (16.97%) HTML
4 204 (15.06%) CSS
5 142 (10.48%) Web Services
6 118 (8.71%) React
7 116 (8.56%) JSON
8 90 (6.64%) RESTful
9 82 (6.05%) Spring
10 77 (5.68%) REST
11 76 (5.61%) AngularJS
12 72 (5.31%) .NET
13 67 (4.94%) HTML5
13 67 (4.94%) jQuery
14 52 (3.84%) Kafka
15 48 (3.54%) Redux
16 40 (2.95%) CSS3
17 38 (2.80%) XML
18 35 (2.58%) Vue.js
19 34 (2.51%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 55 (4.06%) Greenfield Project
2 52 (3.84%) User Experience
3 34 (2.51%) Data Centre
3 34 (2.51%) Enterprise Cloud
4 33 (2.44%) Public Cloud
5 29 (2.14%) Linux Command Line
6 25 (1.85%) Mobile App
7 20 (1.48%) Analytical Skills
8 16 (1.18%) Self-Motivation
9 15 (1.11%) Cyberthreat
10 13 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
11 10 (0.74%) Cloud Native
11 10 (0.74%) Embedded Systems
11 10 (0.74%) Hybrid Cloud
12 9 (0.66%) Clustering
12 9 (0.66%) Replication
13 8 (0.59%) IPTV
13 8 (0.59%) STB
14 7 (0.52%) Blog
15 6 (0.44%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 517 (38.15%) Linux
2 144 (10.63%) Unix
3 142 (10.48%) Windows
4 138 (10.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 49 (3.62%) CentOS
6 44 (3.25%) Ubuntu
7 41 (3.03%) Windows Server
8 38 (2.80%) Mac OS X
9 37 (2.73%) Mac OS
10 28 (2.07%) Android
11 22 (1.62%) Apple iOS
12 21 (1.55%) Debian
13 13 (0.96%) openSUSE
14 8 (0.59%) VMS
15 3 (0.22%) Solaris
15 3 (0.22%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
16 2 (0.15%) Fedora
16 2 (0.15%) Kali Linux
16 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 702 (51.81%) Agile Software Development
2 571 (42.14%) DevOps
3 328 (24.21%) TDD
4 320 (23.62%) Continuous Integration
5 258 (19.04%) Test Automation
6 224 (16.53%) Scrum
7 201 (14.83%) Configuration Management
8 148 (10.92%) Infrastructure as Code
9 147 (10.85%) Continuous Delivery
10 141 (10.41%) Open Source
11 117 (8.63%) Software Engineering
12 114 (8.41%) Kanban
12 114 (8.41%) Microservices
13 113 (8.34%) Migration
14 91 (6.72%) BDD
15 88 (6.49%) Continuous Deployment
16 86 (6.35%) Problem-Solving
17 75 (5.54%) Front End Development
18 66 (4.87%) Deployment Automation
19 63 (4.65%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 795 (58.67%) Python
2 495 (36.53%) Java
3 441 (32.55%) JavaScript
4 295 (21.77%) Bash Shell
5 207 (15.28%) Perl
6 198 (14.61%) Go
7 166 (12.25%) SQL
8 122 (9.00%) Scala
9 121 (8.93%) C#
10 89 (6.57%) Shell Script
11 82 (6.05%) PHP
12 79 (5.83%) C++
13 70 (5.17%) PowerShell
14 67 (4.94%) Groovy
15 47 (3.47%) C
16 42 (3.10%) Java 8
17 35 (2.58%) TypeScript
18 31 (2.29%) ES6
19 27 (1.99%) PL/SQL
20 16 (1.18%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 174 (12.84%) Security Cleared
2 93 (6.86%) SC Cleared
3 49 (3.62%) AWS Certification
4 41 (3.03%) BPSS Clearance
5 36 (2.66%) Degree
6 31 (2.29%) RHCE
7 26 (1.92%) DV Cleared
8 17 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
9 14 (1.03%) DBS Check
10 12 (0.89%) ISTQB
11 11 (0.81%) CTC Cleared
12 9 (0.66%) CISA
12 9 (0.66%) CISM
12 9 (0.66%) CISMP
12 9 (0.66%) CISSP
12 9 (0.66%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
12 9 (0.66%) ISSMP
13 8 (0.59%) ISEB
14 6 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 4 (0.30%) CHECK Team Member
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (3.91%) QA
2 29 (2.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 27 (1.99%) NIST
4 23 (1.70%) PCI DSS
5 15 (1.11%) GDPR
6 14 (1.03%) COBIT
7 13 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 11 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
8 11 (0.81%) SLA
9 6 (0.44%) WCAG
10 4 (0.30%) NCSC
11 2 (0.15%) Data Quality
11 2 (0.15%) IEC 62304
12 1 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 302 (22.29%) Docker
2 34 (2.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 31 (2.29%) Active Directory
4 23 (1.70%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.66%) vSphere
6 8 (0.59%) KVM
7 6 (0.44%) Apache Flume
7 6 (0.44%) HDFS
7 6 (0.44%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.44%) VirtualBox
8 5 (0.37%) vCloud
8 5 (0.37%) Virtual Desktop
8 5 (0.37%) Xen
9 3 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.22%) NFS
9 3 (0.22%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 3 (0.22%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.22%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.15%) XenApp
10 2 (0.15%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 255 (18.82%) Opscode Chef
2 250 (18.45%) Puppet
3 239 (17.64%) Terraform
4 227 (16.75%) Ansible
5 203 (14.98%) Kubernetes
6 58 (4.28%) Salt
7 36 (2.66%) Suricata
8 27 (1.99%) Packer
9 23 (1.70%) Kibana
10 19 (1.40%) Consul
11 17 (1.25%) Nagios
12 14 (1.03%) Grafana
12 14 (1.03%) Nessus
13 11 (0.81%) HP Quality Center
13 11 (0.81%) logstash
14 9 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
15 8 (0.59%) HP Fortify
16 7 (0.52%) Graphite
16 7 (0.52%) Prometheus
16 7 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 108 (7.97%) Red Hat
2 92 (6.79%) Google
3 70 (5.17%) Splunk
4 58 (4.28%) VMware
5 51 (3.76%) Oracle
6 45 (3.32%) Microsoft
7 44 (3.25%) Qualys
8 27 (1.99%) Atlassian
9 26 (1.92%) NetApp
10 25 (1.85%) Adobe
11 22 (1.62%) SaltStack
12 20 (1.48%) Tableau
13 19 (1.40%) New Relic
13 19 (1.40%) ServiceNow
14 17 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
15 15 (1.11%) EMC
16 14 (1.03%) SAP
17 13 (0.96%) AppDynamics
18 9 (0.66%) Cloudera
19 8 (0.59%) Cisco