Period
to 23 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 174 125 100
Rank change year-on-year -49 -25 +17
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,647 2,075 2,235
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.65% 2.06% 2.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.73% 4.90% 5.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,066 1,590 1,640
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +8.11% +2.78%
10th Percentile £382 £375 £335
90th Percentile £661 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.15 -
% change year-on-year +28.93% - -

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 44,186 42,376 39,262
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.34% 42.14% 40.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,013 29,861 26,974
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £320 £308 £288
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 688 769 862
UK median hourly rate £42.19 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.48% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £17.00 £16.48 £14.75
90th Percentile £52.25 £52.50 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -44 1,525 £525 +5.00% 657
London -36 921 £550 +4.76% 327
UK excluding London -39 703 £475 - 360
North of England -67 164 £490 +8.89% 106
South East -41 163 £475 -5.00% 69
Midlands +31 111 £460 -8.00% 46
West Midlands +16 88 £470 -6.00% 22
East of England -11 83 £500 +5.26% 44
South West -49 78 £525 +16.02% 65
Yorkshire -54 71 £469 +7.14% 38
Scotland -18 69 £475 -5.00% 14
North West -69 61 £485 +4.30% 55
North East +12 32 £500 +31.45% 13
Wales +9 25 £425 +6.25% 7
East Midlands 0 19 £419 -11.84% 24
Northern Ireland +21 10 £450 +38.46% 9
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,069 (64.91%) Python
2 854 (51.85%) Agile Software Development
3 791 (48.03%) Linux
4 790 (47.97%) DevOps
5 696 (42.26%) Java
6 609 (36.98%) Amazon AWS
7 597 (36.25%) Jenkins
8 574 (34.85%) Docker
9 562 (34.12%) Git (software)
10 510 (30.97%) JavaScript
11 487 (29.57%) Continuous Integration
12 471 (28.60%) Test Automation
13 470 (28.54%) Puppet
14 449 (27.26%) Ansible
15 429 (26.05%) Configuration Management
16 390 (23.68%) Ruby on Rails
17 372 (22.59%) Bash Shell
18 364 (22.10%) Perl
19 350 (21.25%) TDD
20 330 (20.04%) Terraform
21 306 (18.58%) Opscode Chef
22 305 (18.52%) Kubernetes
23 270 (16.39%) SQL
24 267 (16.21%) Open Source
25 264 (16.03%) CSS
26 262 (15.91%) Scrum
27 252 (15.30%) HTML
28 249 (15.12%) Windows
29 245 (14.88%) JIRA
30 232 (14.09%) Scala

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (9.71%) Confluence
2 154 (9.35%) nginx
3 143 (8.68%) Apache
4 109 (6.62%) Tomcat
5 71 (4.31%) Elasticsearch
6 50 (3.04%) JBoss
6 50 (3.04%) OpenStack
7 47 (2.85%) WebLogic
8 39 (2.37%) Cloud Foundry
9 34 (2.06%) WebSphere
10 31 (1.88%) IIS
11 21 (1.28%) Jetty
12 18 (1.09%) Apache Spark
12 18 (1.09%) Mongrel
13 15 (0.91%) CMS
13 15 (0.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 14 (0.85%) SAS
14 14 (0.85%) Tuxedo
15 11 (0.67%) Apache Solr
16 10 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 10 (0.61%) Photoshop
2 7 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.24%) InVision
4 3 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.12%) SPSS
6 1 (0.061%) HipChat
6 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 16 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.18%) Shopify
3 1 (0.061%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.061%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 609 (36.98%) Amazon AWS
2 222 (13.48%) GitHub
3 208 (12.63%) Microsoft Azure
4 120 (7.29%) AWS CloudFormation
5 99 (6.01%) Google Cloud Platform
6 87 (5.28%) Amazon EC2
7 83 (5.04%) Serverless
8 73 (4.43%) Google Analytics
9 70 (4.25%) Amazon S3
9 70 (4.25%) OpenShift
10 62 (3.76%) Cloud Computing
11 59 (3.58%) IaaS
12 55 (3.34%) PaaS
13 47 (2.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 40 (2.43%) AWS Lambda
15 31 (1.88%) Datadog
16 27 (1.64%) Heroku
17 26 (1.58%) Quay.io
18 25 (1.52%) SaaS
19 21 (1.28%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 222 (13.48%) HTTP
2 111 (6.74%) TCP/IP
3 89 (5.40%) SSL
4 81 (4.92%) DNS
5 67 (4.07%) Firewall
6 42 (2.55%) VPN
7 27 (1.64%) Internet
8 24 (1.46%) DHCP
9 17 (1.03%) SNMP
10 16 (0.97%) Skype
10 16 (0.97%) VLAN
11 15 (0.91%) FTP
11 15 (0.91%) VoIP
12 14 (0.85%) SAN
13 13 (0.79%) 802.11
14 12 (0.73%) BIG-IP
14 12 (0.73%) MPLS
14 12 (0.73%) Wireless
15 9 (0.55%) AMQP
15 9 (0.55%) Unicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 208 (12.63%) PostgreSQL
2 176 (10.69%) NoSQL
3 169 (10.26%) MongoDB
4 158 (9.59%) MySQL
5 146 (8.86%) Relational Database
6 58 (3.52%) Redis
6 58 (3.52%) SQL Server
7 55 (3.34%) Hadoop
8 33 (2.00%) Big Data
9 27 (1.64%) Amazon RDS
10 25 (1.52%) Apache Cassandra
11 24 (1.46%) RDBMS
12 23 (1.40%) Neo4j
12 23 (1.40%) Oracle Database
13 19 (1.15%) MariaDB
14 16 (0.97%) Data Warehouse
14 16 (0.97%) Pentaho
15 14 (0.85%) ArangoDB
16 10 (0.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 9 (0.55%) HBase
Development Applications
1 597 (36.25%) Jenkins
2 562 (34.12%) Git (software)
3 245 (14.88%) JIRA
4 182 (11.05%) Selenium
5 170 (10.32%) Cucumber
6 132 (8.01%) JUnit
7 119 (7.23%) Artifactory
8 116 (7.04%) Subversion
9 94 (5.71%) Gatling
10 87 (5.28%) GitLab
11 84 (5.10%) gulp
12 83 (5.04%) Sonatype Nexus
13 80 (4.86%) IntelliJ
14 73 (4.43%) Ant
14 73 (4.43%) TeamCity
15 71 (4.31%) Sublime Text
16 68 (4.13%) Hudson
16 68 (4.13%) Vagrant
17 63 (3.83%) Grunt
17 63 (3.83%) Maven
General
1 203 (12.33%) Finance
2 76 (4.61%) Banking
3 33 (2.00%) Telecoms
4 31 (1.88%) Financial Institution
5 30 (1.82%) Marketing
6 29 (1.76%) Retail
7 27 (1.64%) Law
8 14 (0.85%) Advertising
9 12 (0.73%) Manufacturing
10 9 (0.55%) Electronics
10 9 (0.55%) Publishing
11 7 (0.43%) Back Office
11 7 (0.43%) Legal
12 6 (0.36%) Front Office
12 6 (0.36%) Games
12 6 (0.36%) Investment Banking
13 5 (0.30%) Aerospace
14 3 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.12%) Military
16 1 (0.061%) Billing
Job Titles
1 592 (35.94%) Developer
2 456 (27.69%) DevOps Engineer
3 151 (9.17%) Ruby Developer
4 136 (8.26%) AWS Engineer
5 133 (8.08%) Ruby on Rails Developer
6 122 (7.41%) AWS DevOps
7 116 (7.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 102 (6.19%) Scala Developer
9 79 (4.80%) Architect
10 69 (4.19%) Agile Developer
11 65 (3.95%) Java Developer
12 64 (3.89%) Cloud Engineer
13 59 (3.58%) Senior Developer
14 58 (3.52%) Senior DevOps
15 54 (3.28%) Operations Engineer
16 52 (3.16%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 52 (3.16%) Tester
17 50 (3.04%) Linux Engineer
18 39 (2.37%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 38 (2.31%) Senior Ruby Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 390 (23.68%) Ruby on Rails
2 264 (16.03%) CSS
3 252 (15.30%) HTML
4 213 (12.93%) Node.js
5 208 (12.63%) REST
6 178 (10.81%) RESTful
7 175 (10.63%) JSON
8 167 (10.14%) Web Services
9 148 (8.99%) Spring
10 138 (8.38%) Play Framework
11 115 (6.98%) Elastic Stack
12 107 (6.50%) AngularJS
13 102 (6.19%) .NET
14 101 (6.13%) Django
15 94 (5.71%) HTML5
15 94 (5.71%) jQuery
16 88 (5.34%) SOAP
17 83 (5.04%) Gherkin
18 79 (4.80%) XML
19 73 (4.43%) React
Miscellaneous
1 77 (4.68%) Greenfield Project
2 60 (3.64%) User Experience
3 54 (3.28%) Hybrid Cloud
4 53 (3.22%) Public Cloud
5 51 (3.10%) Linux Command Line
6 48 (2.91%) Data Centre
7 46 (2.79%) Fintech
8 40 (2.43%) Mobile App
9 33 (2.00%) Cyberthreat
10 30 (1.82%) Analytical Skills
11 25 (1.52%) Enterprise Cloud
11 25 (1.52%) Management Information System
11 25 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
12 17 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
12 17 (1.03%) PKI
13 16 (0.97%) Replication
14 14 (0.85%) SCADA
15 12 (0.73%) Cloud Native
15 12 (0.73%) Wiki
16 11 (0.67%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 791 (48.03%) Linux
2 249 (15.12%) Windows
3 201 (12.20%) Unix
4 116 (7.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 90 (5.46%) Ubuntu
6 48 (2.91%) Mac OS X
7 47 (2.85%) CentOS
8 38 (2.31%) CoreOS
9 28 (1.70%) Apple iOS
10 27 (1.64%) Windows Server
11 23 (1.40%) Debian
12 21 (1.28%) Android
13 20 (1.21%) Mac OS
13 20 (1.21%) Solaris
14 17 (1.03%) Kali Linux
15 15 (0.91%) Fedora
16 12 (0.73%) SUSE
16 12 (0.73%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 11 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
18 2 (0.12%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 854 (51.85%) Agile Software Development
2 790 (47.97%) DevOps
3 487 (29.57%) Continuous Integration
4 471 (28.60%) Test Automation
5 429 (26.05%) Configuration Management
6 350 (21.25%) TDD
7 267 (16.21%) Open Source
8 262 (15.91%) Scrum
9 197 (11.96%) Problem-Solving
10 184 (11.17%) Continuous Delivery
11 183 (11.11%) Microservices
12 154 (9.35%) Continuous Deployment
13 152 (9.23%) BDD
14 141 (8.56%) Kanban
14 141 (8.56%) Software Engineering
15 129 (7.83%) Deployment Automation
16 124 (7.53%) Analytics
17 111 (6.74%) Web Development
18 100 (6.07%) Migration
19 95 (5.77%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,069 (64.91%) Python
2 696 (42.26%) Java
3 510 (30.97%) JavaScript
4 372 (22.59%) Bash Shell
5 364 (22.10%) Perl
6 270 (16.39%) SQL
7 232 (14.09%) Scala
8 224 (13.60%) Go
9 172 (10.44%) C#
10 138 (8.38%) Groovy
11 107 (6.50%) PowerShell
12 100 (6.07%) Shell Script
13 98 (5.95%) PHP
14 91 (5.53%) C++
15 71 (4.31%) C
16 56 (3.40%) Haskell
17 19 (1.15%) Lua
18 15 (0.91%) Apple Swift
18 15 (0.91%) Java 8
19 13 (0.79%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 176 (10.69%) Security Cleared
2 119 (7.23%) SC Cleared
3 88 (5.34%) BPSS Clearance
4 77 (4.68%) Degree
5 38 (2.31%) AWS Certification
6 26 (1.58%) Computer Science Degree
7 24 (1.46%) DV Cleared
8 20 (1.21%) RHCE
9 17 (1.03%) CISSP
10 15 (0.91%) CISM
11 14 (0.85%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 14 (0.85%) OSCE
12 12 (0.73%) DBS Check
13 9 (0.55%) SANS
14 8 (0.49%) CREST Certified
14 8 (0.49%) OSCP
15 7 (0.43%) ISTQB
16 6 (0.36%) CTC Cleared
16 6 (0.36%) GPEN
16 6 (0.36%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (5.10%) QA
2 28 (1.70%) GDPR
3 14 (0.85%) FINRA
4 11 (0.67%) Disclosure Scotland
5 10 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.55%) Data Quality
6 9 (0.55%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.49%) HIPAA
7 8 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 8 (0.49%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.061%) IFRS
8 1 (0.061%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 574 (34.85%) Docker
2 52 (3.16%) VMware Infrastructure
3 44 (2.67%) Active Directory
4 31 (1.88%) etcd
4 31 (1.88%) flannel
5 30 (1.82%) SkyDNS
6 28 (1.70%) Ceph
7 27 (1.64%) GlusterFS
8 20 (1.21%) VirtualBox
9 16 (0.97%) Hyper-V
10 15 (0.91%) Xen
11 13 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
12 8 (0.49%) KVM
13 7 (0.43%) HDFS
13 7 (0.43%) vSphere
14 5 (0.30%) Firmware
15 4 (0.24%) Varnish
15 4 (0.24%) XenApp
16 3 (0.18%) Squid
16 3 (0.18%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 470 (28.54%) Puppet
2 449 (27.26%) Ansible
3 330 (20.04%) Terraform
4 306 (18.58%) Opscode Chef
5 305 (18.52%) Kubernetes
6 113 (6.86%) Kibana
7 95 (5.77%) Grafana
8 80 (4.86%) Packer
9 79 (4.80%) Nagios
10 64 (3.89%) Graphite
11 63 (3.83%) Prometheus
12 60 (3.64%) ZABBIX
13 56 (3.40%) HAProxy
14 54 (3.28%) Docker Swarm
15 52 (3.16%) Salt
16 43 (2.61%) Mesos
17 40 (2.43%) logstash
18 39 (2.37%) Sysdig
19 35 (2.13%) rkt
20 33 (2.00%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 209 (12.69%) Google
2 129 (7.83%) Red Hat
3 114 (6.92%) Splunk
4 109 (6.62%) Oracle
5 106 (6.44%) Microsoft
6 86 (5.22%) VMware
7 48 (2.91%) Adobe
8 45 (2.73%) Atlassian
9 40 (2.43%) SaltStack
10 36 (2.19%) New Relic
11 34 (2.06%) Qualys
12 30 (1.82%) NetApp
13 29 (1.76%) webMethods
14 22 (1.34%) AppDynamics
15 20 (1.21%) Riverbed
16 17 (1.03%) IBM
17 16 (0.97%) Cloudera
18 15 (0.91%) hybris
19 14 (0.85%) Hortonworks
19 14 (0.85%) Varonis