Period
to 24 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 24 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
24 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 123 103 106
Rank change year-on-year -20 +3 +18
Contract jobs citing Ruby 2,063 2,080 2,368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.05% 2.30% 2.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.76% 5.56% 5.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,458 1,556 1,732
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £369 £350 £321
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 2 11
UK median hourly rate £48.75 £52.50 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.14% +38.16% -31.53%
10th Percentile £12.50 £41.13 £9.00
90th Percentile £73.88 £64.88 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 - £23.25

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,374 37,440 40,529
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.04% 41.45% 38.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,335 25,664 27,736
UK median daily rate £463 £430 £416
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.56% +3.37% +4.00%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £403 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.87% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 788 806 956
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £41.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.61% +7.79% +10.00%
10th Percentile £16.83 £16.50 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £56.75 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year -2.44% +6.49% +10.00%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 1,951 £500 +5.26% 663
London -22 1,166 £525 +5.00% 355
UK excluding London -16 864 £475 +5.56% 350
North of England -16 311 £428 -2.73% 118
South East +8 248 £475 +5.56% 86
North West +56 144 £463 +2.78% 62
Yorkshire -30 123 £425 -10.53% 49
South West +15 80 £493 +9.44% 41
East of England +12 76 £475 +5.56% 36
Midlands -52 63 £500 +5.26% 25
Scotland -13 61 £500 +17.65% 30
North East -35 44 £360 - 7
West Midlands -55 44 £520 +7.22% 11
Wales +10 23 £533 +27.54% 8
East Midlands +1 18 £475 +16.92% 14
Northern Ireland +8 2 £325 -18.75% 6

For the 6 months to 24 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,384 (67.09%) Python
2 1,067 (51.72%) DevOps
3 1,063 (51.53%) Agile Software Development
4 938 (45.47%) Linux
5 866 (41.98%) Java
6 848 (41.11%) Amazon AWS
7 767 (37.18%) Jenkins
8 685 (33.20%) Git (software)
9 673 (32.62%) Puppet
10 646 (31.31%) Docker
11 627 (30.39%) Ansible
12 587 (28.45%) Continuous Integration
13 574 (27.82%) Bash Shell
14 529 (25.64%) JavaScript
15 518 (25.11%) TDD
16 508 (24.62%) Configuration Management
17 475 (23.02%) Opscode Chef
18 450 (21.81%) Test Automation
19 426 (20.65%) Perl
20 416 (20.16%) Kubernetes
21 406 (19.68%) Open Source
22 393 (19.05%) Ruby on Rails
23 359 (17.40%) Terraform
24 308 (14.93%) HTML
25 300 (14.54%) Finance
26 298 (14.44%) CSS
27 285 (13.81%) Unix
28 279 (13.52%) MySQL
28 279 (13.52%) PostgreSQL
29 278 (13.48%) Continuous Delivery

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (6.40%) Apache
2 126 (6.11%) nginx
3 110 (5.33%) Confluence
3 110 (5.33%) Tomcat
4 108 (5.24%) Cloud Foundry
5 92 (4.46%) Elasticsearch
6 60 (2.91%) JBoss
7 56 (2.71%) OpenStack
8 52 (2.52%) Apache Spark
9 42 (2.04%) WebSphere
10 27 (1.31%) CMS
10 27 (1.31%) WebLogic
11 24 (1.16%) IIS
12 21 (1.02%) Apache Pig
13 17 (0.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 14 (0.68%) Jetty
15 13 (0.63%) WebSphere Application Server
16 12 (0.58%) Ethereum
17 11 (0.53%) Hyperledger
18 10 (0.48%) WordPress
Applications
1 15 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.53%) HipChat
3 5 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.097%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.048%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.048%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.048%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.048%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 23 (1.11%) Payment Gateway
2 14 (0.68%) Magento
3 2 (0.097%) Shopify
4 1 (0.048%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.048%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.048%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.048%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.048%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 848 (41.11%) Amazon AWS
2 269 (13.04%) Microsoft Azure
3 162 (7.85%) GitHub
4 118 (5.72%) Amazon EC2
5 103 (4.99%) PaaS
6 101 (4.90%) Google Cloud Platform
7 90 (4.36%) Cloud Computing
8 88 (4.27%) AWS CloudFormation
9 84 (4.07%) Amazon S3
10 82 (3.97%) Serverless
11 81 (3.93%) OpenShift
12 76 (3.68%) IaaS
13 62 (3.01%) AWS Lambda
14 55 (2.67%) Heroku
15 43 (2.08%) npm
15 43 (2.08%) SaaS
16 36 (1.75%) Datadog
16 36 (1.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 34 (1.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 28 (1.36%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 174 (8.43%) TCP/IP
2 169 (8.19%) HTTP
3 126 (6.11%) Firewall
4 123 (5.96%) SSL
5 116 (5.62%) DNS
6 60 (2.91%) Internet
7 39 (1.89%) SMS
8 23 (1.11%) VPN
9 18 (0.87%) DHCP
10 17 (0.82%) FTP
11 13 (0.63%) SAN
12 10 (0.48%) ICMP
12 10 (0.48%) Wireless
13 9 (0.44%) MQTT
13 9 (0.44%) Wireshark
14 8 (0.39%) BIG-IP
15 7 (0.34%) LAN
15 7 (0.34%) Modbus
15 7 (0.34%) SMTP
15 7 (0.34%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 279 (13.52%) MySQL
1 279 (13.52%) PostgreSQL
2 231 (11.20%) MongoDB
3 200 (9.69%) NoSQL
4 117 (5.67%) Relational Database
5 112 (5.43%) Redis
6 71 (3.44%) Big Data
7 70 (3.39%) SQL Server
8 64 (3.10%) Hadoop
9 60 (2.91%) Apache Cassandra
10 45 (2.18%) Amazon RDS
11 30 (1.45%) RDBMS
12 29 (1.41%) Amazon Redshift
13 25 (1.21%) Blockchain
13 25 (1.21%) Neo4j
14 24 (1.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 24 (1.16%) Apache Hive
14 24 (1.16%) HBase
15 22 (1.07%) Oracle Database
16 13 (0.63%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 767 (37.18%) Jenkins
2 685 (33.20%) Git (software)
3 245 (11.88%) JIRA
4 166 (8.05%) Selenium
4 166 (8.05%) Sonatype Nexus
5 163 (7.90%) Cucumber
6 125 (6.06%) Artifactory
7 116 (5.62%) Maven
7 116 (5.62%) Subversion
8 96 (4.65%) TeamCity
9 77 (3.73%) GitLab
10 73 (3.54%) JUnit
11 72 (3.49%) Vagrant
12 68 (3.30%) SonarQube
13 67 (3.25%) Ant
14 59 (2.86%) Gradle
15 50 (2.42%) RSpec
16 47 (2.28%) Gerrit
17 46 (2.23%) Bitbucket
18 43 (2.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 300 (14.54%) Finance
2 127 (6.16%) Banking
3 43 (2.08%) Marketing
4 32 (1.55%) Games
5 30 (1.45%) Law
6 29 (1.41%) Telecoms
7 28 (1.36%) Financial Institution
8 22 (1.07%) Investment Banking
8 22 (1.07%) Retail
9 16 (0.78%) Front Office
10 14 (0.68%) Publishing
11 12 (0.58%) Electronics
11 12 (0.58%) Manufacturing
12 11 (0.53%) Automotive
13 6 (0.29%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.19%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.15%) Advertising
15 3 (0.15%) Back Office
15 3 (0.15%) Digital Economy
16 2 (0.097%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 682 (33.06%) DevOps Engineer
2 635 (30.78%) Developer
3 262 (12.70%) AWS Engineer
4 231 (11.20%) AWS DevOps
5 204 (9.89%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 153 (7.42%) Ruby on Rails Developer
7 141 (6.83%) Ruby Developer
8 120 (5.82%) Senior DevOps
9 113 (5.48%) Cloud Engineer
10 111 (5.38%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 110 (5.33%) Architect
12 105 (5.09%) Java Developer
13 100 (4.85%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 79 (3.83%) Linux Engineer
15 75 (3.64%) Ruby Engineer
16 73 (3.54%) Senior Developer
17 65 (3.15%) Scala Developer
18 62 (3.01%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 60 (2.91%) Tester
20 51 (2.47%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 393 (19.05%) Ruby on Rails
2 308 (14.93%) HTML
3 298 (14.44%) CSS
4 275 (13.33%) Web Services
5 273 (13.23%) Node.js
6 198 (9.60%) REST
7 173 (8.39%) Elastic Stack
8 168 (8.14%) JSON
9 167 (8.10%) RESTful
10 160 (7.76%) React
11 134 (6.50%) Spring
12 130 (6.30%) AngularJS
13 121 (5.87%) HTML5
14 108 (5.24%) jQuery
15 104 (5.04%) XML
16 96 (4.65%) .NET
17 90 (4.36%) Play Framework
18 89 (4.31%) RabbitMQ
19 82 (3.97%) CSS3
20 76 (3.68%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 97 (4.70%) Linux Command Line
2 94 (4.56%) Greenfield Project
3 79 (3.83%) Fintech
4 74 (3.59%) iPad
5 62 (3.01%) Computer Science
6 56 (2.71%) Public Cloud
7 55 (2.67%) Analytical Skills
8 49 (2.38%) User Experience
9 48 (2.33%) Mobile App
10 45 (2.18%) Data Centre
11 43 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
12 32 (1.55%) Virtual Team
13 25 (1.21%) Hybrid Cloud
13 25 (1.21%) Private Cloud
14 22 (1.07%) Cloud Native
15 17 (0.82%) Enterprise Software
16 14 (0.68%) Enterprise Cloud
17 13 (0.63%) Bitcoin
18 12 (0.58%) Internet of Things
19 10 (0.48%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 938 (45.47%) Linux
2 285 (13.81%) Unix
3 204 (9.89%) Windows
4 190 (9.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 94 (4.56%) CentOS
6 58 (2.81%) Ubuntu
7 48 (2.33%) Mac OS X
8 39 (1.89%) Apple iOS
9 37 (1.79%) Android
10 27 (1.31%) Debian
11 20 (0.97%) Windows Server
12 19 (0.92%) AIX
13 18 (0.87%) Solaris
14 12 (0.58%) Mac OS
15 8 (0.39%) CoreOS
15 8 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
16 7 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
17 5 (0.24%) Fedora
18 4 (0.19%) VME
19 3 (0.15%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,067 (51.72%) DevOps
2 1,063 (51.53%) Agile Software Development
3 587 (28.45%) Continuous Integration
4 518 (25.11%) TDD
5 508 (24.62%) Configuration Management
6 450 (21.81%) Test Automation
7 406 (19.68%) Open Source
8 278 (13.48%) Continuous Delivery
9 265 (12.85%) Scrum
10 262 (12.70%) BDD
11 203 (9.84%) Microservices
12 184 (8.92%) Deployment Automation
13 177 (8.58%) Software Engineering
14 167 (8.10%) E-Commerce
15 138 (6.69%) Mentoring
16 135 (6.54%) Problem-Solving
17 117 (5.67%) Kanban
18 113 (5.48%) Load Balancing
19 111 (5.38%) OO
20 93 (4.51%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,384 (67.09%) Python
2 866 (41.98%) Java
3 574 (27.82%) Bash Shell
4 529 (25.64%) JavaScript
5 426 (20.65%) Perl
6 248 (12.02%) SQL
7 228 (11.05%) Groovy
8 204 (9.89%) Go
9 197 (9.55%) Scala
10 182 (8.82%) C#
11 181 (8.77%) PHP
12 152 (7.37%) PowerShell
13 145 (7.03%) C++
14 101 (4.90%) Shell Script
15 88 (4.27%) C
16 43 (2.08%) Java 8
17 28 (1.36%) Korn
18 25 (1.21%) Apple Swift
18 25 (1.21%) ES6
18 25 (1.21%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 223 (10.81%) Security Cleared
2 180 (8.73%) SC Cleared
3 93 (4.51%) Degree
4 47 (2.28%) BPSS Clearance
5 38 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
6 36 (1.75%) AWS Certification
7 16 (0.78%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.73%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (0.34%) CESG Certified Professional
10 7 (0.34%) IISP
11 6 (0.29%) RHCE
12 5 (0.24%) CCNA
12 5 (0.24%) CISMP
13 4 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
14 3 (0.15%) CISM
14 3 (0.15%) CISSP
14 3 (0.15%) CREST Certified
14 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 124 (6.01%) QA
2 47 (2.28%) GCP
3 9 (0.44%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
4 8 (0.39%) GDPR
5 6 (0.29%) GAAP
5 6 (0.29%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.048%) WCAG
System Software
1 646 (31.31%) Docker
2 44 (2.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 34 (1.65%) Virtual Machines
4 28 (1.36%) Active Directory
5 25 (1.21%) etcd
5 25 (1.21%) flannel
6 16 (0.78%) vSphere
7 14 (0.68%) VirtualBox
7 14 (0.68%) Xen
8 13 (0.63%) Firmware
8 13 (0.63%) HDFS
9 12 (0.58%) KVM
10 11 (0.53%) vCloud
11 9 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 9 (0.44%) NFS
12 8 (0.39%) LXC
13 6 (0.29%) iptables
13 6 (0.29%) Squid
14 5 (0.24%) Postfix
14 5 (0.24%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 673 (32.62%) Puppet
2 627 (30.39%) Ansible
3 475 (23.02%) Opscode Chef
4 416 (20.16%) Kubernetes
5 359 (17.40%) Terraform
6 100 (4.85%) Packer
7 94 (4.56%) Nagios
8 78 (3.78%) Mesos
9 76 (3.68%) Kibana
10 73 (3.54%) Salt
11 72 (3.49%) logstash
12 68 (3.30%) Consul
12 68 (3.30%) Grafana
13 64 (3.10%) HAProxy
14 43 (2.08%) ZABBIX
15 38 (1.84%) Docker Swarm
16 36 (1.75%) Rancher
17 29 (1.41%) Prometheus
18 27 (1.31%) rkt
19 20 (0.97%) CFEngine
Vendors
1 159 (7.71%) Red Hat
2 134 (6.50%) Splunk
3 127 (6.16%) Google
4 107 (5.19%) Oracle
5 93 (4.51%) New Relic
6 82 (3.97%) Microsoft
7 79 (3.83%) VMware
8 59 (2.86%) IBM
9 51 (2.47%) SaltStack
10 50 (2.42%) Atlassian
11 37 (1.79%) AppDynamics
12 23 (1.11%) Adobe
13 20 (0.97%) hybris
14 16 (0.78%) F5
14 16 (0.78%) Qualys
15 15 (0.73%) Rackspace
15 15 (0.73%) SAP
16 14 (0.68%) Cisco
16 14 (0.68%) PagerDuty
16 14 (0.68%) Perforce