Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 16 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
16 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 323 291 262
Rank change year-on-year -32 -29 -73
Contract jobs citing Ruby 716 651 340
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.82% 0.88% 1.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.19% 2.19% 2.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 480 480 237
10th Percentile £425 £364 £369
25th Percentile £500 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% +5.00% -8.68%
75th Percentile £700 £600 £575
90th Percentile £825 £660 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £586 £463 £475
% change year-on-year +26.76% -2.63% -2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 6
10th Percentile £23.55 - £20.31
25th Percentile £23.87 £51.25 -
Median hourly rate £25.29 £52.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -51.83% +156.10% -22.64%
75th Percentile £26.33 £53.75 -
90th Percentile £26.43 - £22.98
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.29 £52.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -51.83% +156.10% -35.94%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,669 29,689 14,124
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.29% 40.01% 41.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,756 21,154 9,948
10th Percentile £400 £350 £320
25th Percentile £463 £413 £401
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £503 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.29% +0.65% +5.26%
75th Percentile £675 £613 £588
90th Percentile £775 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 520 454 271
10th Percentile £18.74 £15.86 £15.75
25th Percentile £35.07 £24.32 £21.57
Median hourly rate £55.00 £43.17 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +27.41% +1.57% -5.01%
75th Percentile £65.00 £56.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £74.55 £65.54 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +29.41% - -5.56%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 16 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 16 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -23 556 £600 +15.38% 186
Work from Home -33 414 £600 +20.00% 102
London -13 399 £578 +10.00% 99
UK excluding London -29 134 £586 +26.76% 94
North of England -19 52 £625 +25.00% 37
North West -17 40 £625 +35.14% 18
South West +3 27 £675 +50.00% 16
Midlands -22 20 £500 +1.01% 14
Scotland +3 18 £513 +2.50% 6
South East -28 17 £585 +30.00% 10
West Midlands -22 15 £500 -4.76% 9
Yorkshire -23 9 £638 +27.50% 14
East Midlands +2 6 £500 +19.05% 5
North East -8 3 - - 5
Northern Ireland - 3 £450 -
Wales -3 1 £600 - 3
East of England -16 1 £700 +51.35% 8

For the 6 months to 16 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 456 (63.69%) Python
2 332 (46.37%) AWS
3 309 (43.16%) Linux
4 304 (42.46%) Terraform
5 273 (38.13%) DevOps
5 273 (38.13%) Agile
6 244 (34.08%) Kubernetes
7 238 (33.24%) CI/CD
8 228 (31.84%) Java
9 220 (30.73%) JavaScript
10 205 (28.63%) Go
11 204 (28.49%) Ansible
12 199 (27.79%) Docker
13 193 (26.96%) Git (software)
14 188 (26.26%) Bash
15 187 (26.12%) Jenkins
16 175 (24.44%) Infrastructure as Code
17 164 (22.91%) Ruby on Rails
18 160 (22.35%) Security Cleared
19 150 (20.95%) Continuous Integration
19 150 (20.95%) Puppet
20 147 (20.53%) SC Cleared
21 139 (19.41%) AWS CloudFormation
22 134 (18.72%) Azure
23 124 (17.32%) Microservices
23 124 (17.32%) Social Skills
24 122 (17.04%) GCP
25 118 (16.48%) Configuration Management
26 114 (15.92%) Test Automation
27 100 (13.97%) Node.js

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (10.75%) nginx
2 53 (7.40%) Cloud Foundry
3 45 (6.28%) Apache
4 39 (5.45%) Traefik
5 28 (3.91%) Confluence
6 18 (2.51%) Apache Spark
7 15 (2.09%) Apache Solr
8 11 (1.54%) SharePoint
9 8 (1.12%) IIS
10 6 (0.84%) JBoss
10 6 (0.84%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.70%) Mule
12 4 (0.56%) Tomcat
13 2 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 2 (0.28%) WebLogic
14 1 (0.14%) CMS
14 1 (0.14%) Drupal
14 1 (0.14%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 4 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.42%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.14%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 5 (0.70%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.28%) SAP HCM
2 2 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.28%) Shopify
3 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.14%) Magento
3 1 (0.14%) SAP Business One
3 1 (0.14%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 332 (46.37%) AWS
2 139 (19.41%) AWS CloudFormation
3 134 (18.72%) Azure
4 122 (17.04%) GCP
5 93 (12.99%) GitHub
6 87 (12.15%) Serverless
7 84 (11.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 81 (11.31%) Amazon EC2
9 74 (10.34%) AWS Lambda
10 65 (9.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 53 (7.40%) Amazon S3
12 42 (5.87%) Amazon EKS
13 37 (5.17%) PaaS
14 36 (5.03%) GitHub Actions
15 34 (4.75%) SaaS
16 31 (4.33%) Amazon ECS
17 28 (3.91%) AWS CodePipeline
18 26 (3.63%) Google Kubernetes Engine
19 25 (3.49%) Azure DevOps
20 24 (3.35%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 70 (9.78%) DNS
2 54 (7.54%) TCP/IP
3 32 (4.47%) HTTPS
4 25 (3.49%) Firewall
5 17 (2.37%) tcpdump
6 14 (1.96%) VoIP
7 13 (1.82%) HTTP
7 13 (1.82%) SSL
8 12 (1.68%) Network Security
9 10 (1.40%) Internet
10 9 (1.26%) BGP
10 9 (1.26%) VPN
11 7 (0.98%) SSH
12 5 (0.70%) Kerberos
13 4 (0.56%) DSL
13 4 (0.56%) OSPF
13 4 (0.56%) SMTP
13 4 (0.56%) VXLAN
14 3 (0.42%) DHCP
14 3 (0.42%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 74 (10.34%) PostgreSQL
2 62 (8.66%) Amazon RDS
3 45 (6.28%) MongoDB
4 43 (6.01%) MySQL
5 36 (5.03%) NoSQL
5 36 (5.03%) Relational Database
6 35 (4.89%) Redis
7 29 (4.05%) SQL Server
8 20 (2.79%) Elasticsearch
9 16 (2.23%) Apache Cassandra
10 15 (2.09%) DynamoDB
11 13 (1.82%) Data Warehouse
12 12 (1.68%) Big Data
13 10 (1.40%) MariaDB
14 9 (1.26%) Azure SQL Database
14 9 (1.26%) Oracle Database
15 8 (1.12%) RDBMS
16 7 (0.98%) Amazon Redshift
17 6 (0.84%) Amazon Aurora
18 4 (0.56%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 193 (26.96%) Git (software)
2 187 (26.12%) Jenkins
3 95 (13.27%) GitLab
4 69 (9.64%) JIRA
5 33 (4.61%) Artifactory
6 29 (4.05%) CF BOSH
7 24 (3.35%) Cucumber
8 22 (3.07%) Selenium
9 19 (2.65%) JUnit
9 19 (2.65%) Maven
9 19 (2.65%) Subversion
10 18 (2.51%) Spinnaker
11 16 (2.23%) Bitbucket
11 16 (2.23%) Team Foundation Server
12 14 (1.96%) RSpec
13 10 (1.40%) TeamCity
14 9 (1.26%) IntelliJ
14 9 (1.26%) Vagrant
15 8 (1.12%) CircleCI
15 8 (1.12%) GoCD
General
1 124 (17.32%) Social Skills
2 89 (12.43%) Public Sector
3 82 (11.45%) Finance
4 64 (8.94%) Analytical Skills
5 27 (3.77%) Banking
6 12 (1.68%) Retail
7 11 (1.54%) Presentation Skills
8 10 (1.40%) French Language
8 10 (1.40%) Telecoms
9 8 (1.12%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 7 (0.98%) Advertising
11 6 (0.84%) Marketing
12 5 (0.70%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.70%) Publishing
13 4 (0.56%) Automotive
13 4 (0.56%) Electronics
13 4 (0.56%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.56%) Military
13 4 (0.56%) Police
13 4 (0.56%) Tech for Good
Job Titles
1 232 (32.40%) Developer
2 170 (23.74%) DevOps Engineer
3 86 (12.01%) AWS Engineer
4 68 (9.50%) Ruby Developer
5 64 (8.94%) Site Reliability Engineer
6 60 (8.38%) Ruby on Rails Developer
7 58 (8.10%) Site Engineer
8 54 (7.54%) AWS DevOps
9 52 (7.26%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 51 (7.12%) Architect
11 30 (4.19%) Software Engineer
12 28 (3.91%) Senior Developer
12 28 (3.91%) Technical Architect
13 25 (3.49%) Cloud Engineer
14 24 (3.35%) Full Stack Developer
15 21 (2.93%) Test Engineer
16 20 (2.79%) GCP Engineer
17 19 (2.65%) Platform Engineer
18 18 (2.51%) Azure Developer
19 17 (2.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 164 (22.91%) Ruby on Rails
2 100 (13.97%) Node.js
3 87 (12.15%) React
4 72 (10.06%) HTML
5 71 (9.92%) JSON
6 69 (9.64%) CSS
7 61 (8.52%) REST
8 60 (8.38%) Elastic Stack
9 47 (6.56%) HTML5
10 45 (6.28%) Kafka
11 42 (5.87%) cloud-init
11 42 (5.87%) RESTful
12 38 (5.31%) .NET
13 37 (5.17%) Django
14 32 (4.47%) YAML
15 28 (3.91%) OAuth
15 28 (3.91%) Spring
16 27 (3.77%) AngularJS
17 26 (3.63%) GraphQL
18 17 (2.37%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 50 (6.98%) Linux Command Line
2 44 (6.15%) Clustering
3 42 (5.87%) PKI
4 36 (5.03%) User Experience
5 34 (4.75%) Greenfield Project
6 31 (4.33%) Public Cloud
7 29 (4.05%) Data Protection Act
8 21 (2.93%) Cloud Native
9 19 (2.65%) Hybrid Cloud
10 15 (2.09%) Mobile App
11 14 (1.96%) iPad
11 14 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
11 14 (1.96%) Virtual Team
12 11 (1.54%) Social Media
13 10 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
13 10 (1.40%) Legacy Systems
14 9 (1.26%) Data Centre
15 8 (1.12%) Algorithms
16 7 (0.98%) Blog
16 7 (0.98%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 309 (43.16%) Linux
2 83 (11.59%) Unix
3 75 (10.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 74 (10.34%) Windows
5 63 (8.80%) CentOS
6 25 (3.49%) Windows Server
7 18 (2.51%) Ubuntu
8 11 (1.54%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.84%) Debian
10 5 (0.70%) Solaris
11 3 (0.42%) SUSE
11 3 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.42%) Windows Server 2019
12 2 (0.28%) Android
12 2 (0.28%) CoreOS
12 2 (0.28%) VMS
13 1 (0.14%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 273 (38.13%) Agile
1 273 (38.13%) DevOps
2 238 (33.24%) CI/CD
3 175 (24.44%) Infrastructure as Code
4 150 (20.95%) Continuous Integration
5 124 (17.32%) Microservices
6 118 (16.48%) Configuration Management
7 114 (15.92%) Test Automation
8 96 (13.41%) TDD
9 93 (12.99%) Software Engineering
10 85 (11.87%) Site Reliability Engineering
11 80 (11.17%) Full Stack Development
11 80 (11.17%) Task Automation
12 78 (10.89%) Containerisation
13 76 (10.61%) Continuous Delivery
14 63 (8.80%) Unit Testing
15 61 (8.52%) Load Balancing
16 59 (8.24%) Scrum
17 56 (7.82%) Problem-Solving
18 52 (7.26%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 456 (63.69%) Python
2 228 (31.84%) Java
3 220 (30.73%) JavaScript
4 205 (28.63%) Go
5 188 (26.26%) Bash
6 74 (10.34%) SQL
7 73 (10.20%) Perl
7 73 (10.20%) PowerShell
8 58 (8.10%) TypeScript
9 51 (7.12%) C#
10 41 (5.73%) C++
10 41 (5.73%) Scala
11 40 (5.59%) Groovy
12 34 (4.75%) PHP
13 26 (3.63%) VBScript
14 23 (3.21%) Shell Script
15 14 (1.96%) C
16 10 (1.40%) Kotlin
17 8 (1.12%) Apple Swift
18 5 (0.70%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 160 (22.35%) Security Cleared
2 147 (20.53%) SC Cleared
3 35 (4.89%) AWS Certification
4 20 (2.79%) BPSS Clearance
4 20 (2.79%) Degree
5 17 (2.37%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (0.98%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.70%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
8 4 (0.56%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.42%) CCNP
10 2 (0.28%) CCNA
10 2 (0.28%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 2 (0.28%) JNCIA
10 2 (0.28%) OCP
10 2 (0.28%) Oracle Certification
11 1 (0.14%) CCDP
11 1 (0.14%) ISEB
11 1 (0.14%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.14%) JNCIP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (5.45%) NCSC
2 17 (2.37%) QA
3 13 (1.82%) Accessibility
4 9 (1.26%) SLA
5 4 (0.56%) GDPR
5 4 (0.56%) WCAG
6 3 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.14%) IEC 62304
7 1 (0.14%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 199 (27.79%) Docker
2 67 (9.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 19 (2.65%) Active Directory
4 9 (1.26%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (0.84%) Hyper-V
5 6 (0.84%) Varnish
5 6 (0.84%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.56%) Oracle RAC
6 4 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.42%) KVM
7 3 (0.42%) XenApp
7 3 (0.42%) XenDesktop
8 2 (0.28%) Ceph
8 2 (0.28%) Gluster
9 1 (0.14%) Firmware
9 1 (0.14%) LXC
9 1 (0.14%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 304 (42.46%) Terraform
2 244 (34.08%) Kubernetes
3 204 (28.49%) Ansible
4 150 (20.95%) Puppet
5 80 (11.17%) Prometheus
6 71 (9.92%) Opscode Chef
7 63 (8.80%) Packer
8 49 (6.84%) Consul
9 48 (6.70%) ZABBIX
10 47 (6.56%) Istio
11 42 (5.87%) Docker Swarm
11 42 (5.87%) Graphite
11 42 (5.87%) Podman
12 41 (5.73%) Grafana
13 39 (5.45%) HAProxy
13 39 (5.45%) linkerd
14 34 (4.75%) Kibana
15 10 (1.40%) Red Hat Satellite
16 9 (1.26%) Active Directory Federation Services
16 9 (1.26%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 70 (9.78%) VMware
2 57 (7.96%) Splunk
3 49 (6.84%) Google
4 48 (6.70%) PagerDuty
5 43 (6.01%) Red Hat
6 40 (5.59%) Oracle
7 29 (4.05%) Microsoft
8 21 (2.93%) SAP
9 13 (1.82%) Mercator
9 13 (1.82%) New Relic
10 11 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
10 11 (1.54%) SaltStack
11 8 (1.12%) Atlassian
12 7 (0.98%) Citrix
12 7 (0.98%) CyberArk
12 7 (0.98%) HP
12 7 (0.98%) ServiceNow
13 6 (0.84%) AppDynamics
14 5 (0.70%) Apple
14 5 (0.70%) MuleSoft