Period
to 19 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 19 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
19 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 155 112 99
Rank change year-on-year -43 -13 +46
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,859 2,075 2,551
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.80% 2.18% 2.32%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.10% 5.24% 6.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,249 1,519 1,870
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £369 £354 £325
90th Percentile £650 £605 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 3 10
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £10.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +300.00% -81.98%
10th Percentile £12.65 £39.00 £8.95
90th Percentile £73.75 £62.25 £38.08
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - £10.00

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,294 39,609 42,522
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.78% 41.60% 38.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,703 27,148 29,163
UK median daily rate £463 £444 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.47% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £625 £598
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 792 807 928
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +9.33% +7.14%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.25 £14.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.63 £42.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -3.27% +12.00% +7.14%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 19 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -38 1,745 £500 +5.26% 613
London -38 1,037 £525 +5.00% 302
UK excluding London -20 791 £475 +5.56% 338
North of England -12 291 £448 -0.56% 115
South East -4 243 £488 +2.63% 87
North West +53 127 £498 +2.05% 55
Yorkshire -41 115 £425 -10.53% 45
East of England +23 71 £450 - 36
Scotland -33 59 £500 +17.65% 18
Midlands -77 52 £525 +7.33% 30
North East -31 49 £364 +1.04% 15
South West -22 43 £500 +11.11% 43
West Midlands -69 35 £525 +7.14% 18
Wales - 29 £540 - 5
East Midlands -12 15 £425 -10.53% 12
Northern Ireland +17 2 - - 4

For the 6 months to 19 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,215 (65.36%) Python
2 971 (52.23%) DevOps
3 945 (50.83%) Agile Software Development
4 879 (47.28%) Linux
5 798 (42.93%) Amazon AWS
6 777 (41.80%) Java
7 704 (37.87%) Jenkins
8 611 (32.87%) Git (software)
9 610 (32.81%) Puppet
10 594 (31.95%) Docker
11 524 (28.19%) Ansible
12 515 (27.70%) Continuous Integration
13 502 (27.00%) Bash Shell
14 473 (25.44%) JavaScript
15 466 (25.07%) Configuration Management
16 446 (23.99%) TDD
17 420 (22.59%) Test Automation
18 415 (22.32%) Perl
19 414 (22.27%) Opscode Chef
20 408 (21.95%) Kubernetes
21 391 (21.03%) Open Source
22 386 (20.76%) Ruby on Rails
23 364 (19.58%) Terraform
24 276 (14.85%) MySQL
25 270 (14.52%) PostgreSQL
26 263 (14.15%) SQL
26 263 (14.15%) Finance
27 258 (13.88%) Scrum
28 257 (13.82%) HTML
28 257 (13.82%) Microsoft Azure

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (6.83%) nginx
2 110 (5.92%) Confluence
3 103 (5.54%) Apache
4 99 (5.33%) Cloud Foundry
5 95 (5.11%) Tomcat
6 75 (4.03%) Elasticsearch
7 49 (2.64%) Apache Spark
8 46 (2.47%) OpenStack
9 40 (2.15%) JBoss
10 31 (1.67%) WebSphere
11 28 (1.51%) WebLogic
12 23 (1.24%) Apache Pig
12 23 (1.24%) CMS
13 21 (1.13%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 19 (1.02%) Jetty
15 16 (0.86%) IIS
16 14 (0.75%) Ethereum
17 13 (0.70%) Hyperledger
18 11 (0.59%) Tuxedo
19 10 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 14 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.59%) HipChat
3 6 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.054%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.054%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.054%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.054%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.054%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (0.59%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.22%) Magento
2 4 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.11%) Shopify
4 1 (0.054%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.054%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.054%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.054%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.054%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 798 (42.93%) Amazon AWS
2 257 (13.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 182 (9.79%) GitHub
4 101 (5.43%) PaaS
5 100 (5.38%) Amazon EC2
6 96 (5.16%) AWS CloudFormation
7 94 (5.06%) Google Cloud Platform
8 88 (4.73%) OpenShift
9 85 (4.57%) Cloud Computing
10 76 (4.09%) IaaS
11 75 (4.03%) Amazon S3
12 68 (3.66%) Heroku
13 55 (2.96%) Serverless
14 46 (2.47%) npm
15 45 (2.42%) Datadog
16 42 (2.26%) AWS Lambda
16 42 (2.26%) SaaS
17 33 (1.78%) IBM Cloud
17 33 (1.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 30 (1.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 172 (9.25%) TCP/IP
2 163 (8.77%) HTTP
3 129 (6.94%) SSL
4 124 (6.67%) DNS
5 98 (5.27%) Firewall
6 53 (2.85%) Internet
7 29 (1.56%) SMS
8 25 (1.34%) VPN
9 16 (0.86%) DHCP
9 16 (0.86%) FTP
10 12 (0.65%) ICMP
11 11 (0.59%) AMQP
11 11 (0.59%) Software-Defined Networking
12 9 (0.48%) Broadband
13 7 (0.38%) BGP
13 7 (0.38%) DVB
13 7 (0.38%) MPLS
13 7 (0.38%) OSPF
13 7 (0.38%) RTMP
13 7 (0.38%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 276 (14.85%) MySQL
2 270 (14.52%) PostgreSQL
3 218 (11.73%) MongoDB
4 189 (10.17%) NoSQL
5 125 (6.72%) Relational Database
6 96 (5.16%) Redis
7 85 (4.57%) SQL Server
8 68 (3.66%) Big Data
9 67 (3.60%) Hadoop
10 54 (2.90%) Apache Cassandra
11 39 (2.10%) Amazon Redshift
12 37 (1.99%) Amazon RDS
13 36 (1.94%) RDBMS
14 31 (1.67%) Blockchain
15 28 (1.51%) HBase
16 24 (1.29%) Apache Hive
17 20 (1.08%) Neo4j
17 20 (1.08%) Oracle Database
18 19 (1.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 16 (0.86%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 704 (37.87%) Jenkins
2 611 (32.87%) Git (software)
3 217 (11.67%) JIRA
4 166 (8.93%) Sonatype Nexus
5 165 (8.88%) Selenium
6 132 (7.10%) Cucumber
7 127 (6.83%) Artifactory
8 91 (4.90%) GitLab
9 87 (4.68%) Subversion
10 79 (4.25%) SonarQube
10 79 (4.25%) Vagrant
11 76 (4.09%) Maven
12 73 (3.93%) Ant
12 73 (3.93%) JUnit
13 64 (3.44%) TeamCity
14 55 (2.96%) RSpec
15 49 (2.64%) Gerrit
15 49 (2.64%) Hudson
16 46 (2.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 45 (2.42%) Bitbucket
General
1 263 (14.15%) Finance
2 104 (5.59%) Banking
3 38 (2.04%) Marketing
4 33 (1.78%) Retail
5 30 (1.61%) Telecoms
6 28 (1.51%) Law
7 25 (1.34%) Financial Institution
7 25 (1.34%) Games
8 20 (1.08%) Front Office
9 18 (0.97%) Investment Banking
10 14 (0.75%) Manufacturing
11 11 (0.59%) Automotive
11 11 (0.59%) Electronics
12 10 (0.54%) Publishing
13 6 (0.32%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.22%) Back Office
15 3 (0.16%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.16%) Russian Language
16 2 (0.11%) Digital Economy
16 2 (0.11%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 647 (34.80%) DevOps Engineer
2 588 (31.63%) Developer
3 238 (12.80%) AWS Engineer
4 211 (11.35%) AWS DevOps
5 187 (10.06%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 143 (7.69%) Ruby on Rails Developer
7 139 (7.48%) Ruby Developer
8 106 (5.70%) Senior DevOps
9 104 (5.59%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 103 (5.54%) Architect
11 97 (5.22%) Cloud Engineer
12 91 (4.90%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 83 (4.46%) Java Developer
14 75 (4.03%) Scala Developer
15 65 (3.50%) Ruby Engineer
16 56 (3.01%) Linux Engineer
17 53 (2.85%) Senior Developer
17 53 (2.85%) Tester
18 48 (2.58%) Consultant
19 47 (2.53%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 386 (20.76%) Ruby on Rails
2 257 (13.82%) HTML
3 247 (13.29%) CSS
4 228 (12.26%) Node.js
5 193 (10.38%) Web Services
6 185 (9.95%) Elastic Stack
7 184 (9.90%) JSON
8 179 (9.63%) REST
9 151 (8.12%) RESTful
10 135 (7.26%) React
11 125 (6.72%) AngularJS
12 120 (6.46%) Spring
13 108 (5.81%) HTML5
14 101 (5.43%) XML
15 93 (5.00%) jQuery
16 92 (4.95%) RabbitMQ
17 88 (4.73%) Play Framework
18 83 (4.46%) .NET
19 75 (4.03%) Django
20 66 (3.55%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 97 (5.22%) Greenfield Project
2 96 (5.16%) Linux Command Line
3 79 (4.25%) Fintech
4 68 (3.66%) iPad
5 53 (2.85%) Analytical Skills
5 53 (2.85%) Computer Science
6 52 (2.80%) Data Centre
7 49 (2.64%) User Experience
8 46 (2.47%) Public Cloud
9 43 (2.31%) Mobile App
10 34 (1.83%) Self-Motivation
11 22 (1.18%) Virtual Team
12 20 (1.08%) Cloud Native
13 15 (0.81%) Bitcoin
14 12 (0.65%) Credit Risk
14 12 (0.65%) Enterprise Cloud
15 11 (0.59%) Derivative
16 10 (0.54%) Hybrid Cloud
16 10 (0.54%) Replication
17 9 (0.48%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 879 (47.28%) Linux
2 226 (12.16%) Unix
3 194 (10.44%) Windows
4 144 (7.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 74 (3.98%) CentOS
6 68 (3.66%) Ubuntu
7 38 (2.04%) Mac OS X
8 29 (1.56%) Apple iOS
8 29 (1.56%) Debian
9 28 (1.51%) Android
10 22 (1.18%) Solaris
11 19 (1.02%) Windows Server
12 17 (0.91%) AIX
13 10 (0.54%) CoreOS
13 10 (0.54%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.27%) Fedora
14 5 (0.27%) SUSE
15 4 (0.22%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 3 (0.16%) HPUX
16 3 (0.16%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 971 (52.23%) DevOps
2 945 (50.83%) Agile Software Development
3 515 (27.70%) Continuous Integration
4 466 (25.07%) Configuration Management
5 446 (23.99%) TDD
6 420 (22.59%) Test Automation
7 391 (21.03%) Open Source
8 258 (13.88%) Scrum
9 207 (11.14%) Microservices
10 201 (10.81%) BDD
11 196 (10.54%) Continuous Delivery
12 163 (8.77%) Deployment Automation
12 163 (8.77%) Software Engineering
13 161 (8.66%) E-Commerce
14 124 (6.67%) Problem-Solving
15 111 (5.97%) Mentoring
16 110 (5.92%) Load Balancing
17 109 (5.86%) Kanban
18 103 (5.54%) High Availability
19 93 (5.00%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,215 (65.36%) Python
2 777 (41.80%) Java
3 502 (27.00%) Bash Shell
4 473 (25.44%) JavaScript
5 415 (22.32%) Perl
6 263 (14.15%) SQL
7 225 (12.10%) Go
8 184 (9.90%) Groovy
9 178 (9.58%) Scala
10 156 (8.39%) C++
11 145 (7.80%) C#
12 136 (7.32%) PHP
13 128 (6.89%) PowerShell
14 106 (5.70%) C
15 95 (5.11%) Shell Script
16 35 (1.88%) Java 8
17 26 (1.40%) Haskell
17 26 (1.40%) PL/SQL
18 25 (1.34%) ES6
18 25 (1.34%) R
Qualifications
1 192 (10.33%) Security Cleared
2 155 (8.34%) SC Cleared
3 87 (4.68%) Degree
4 52 (2.80%) BPSS Clearance
5 33 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (1.61%) AWS Certification
7 13 (0.70%) DV Cleared
8 11 (0.59%) ISTQB
9 10 (0.54%) Master's Degree
10 7 (0.38%) CESG Certified Professional
10 7 (0.38%) IISP
10 7 (0.38%) ISEB
11 6 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.27%) CCNA
12 5 (0.27%) CISMP
12 5 (0.27%) RHCE
13 4 (0.22%) CISM
13 4 (0.22%) CISSP
13 4 (0.22%) CREST Certified
13 4 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (5.27%) QA
2 50 (2.69%) GCP
3 17 (0.91%) GDPR
4 15 (0.81%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.22%) FINRA
7 1 (0.054%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.054%) WCAG
System Software
1 594 (31.95%) Docker
2 38 (2.04%) etcd
2 38 (2.04%) flannel
3 35 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (1.34%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (0.91%) Active Directory
6 14 (0.75%) HDFS
6 14 (0.75%) VirtualBox
7 13 (0.70%) KVM
8 12 (0.65%) Ceph
9 11 (0.59%) Firmware
9 11 (0.59%) Xen
10 10 (0.54%) GlusterFS
10 10 (0.54%) LXC
11 9 (0.48%) SkyDNS
12 7 (0.38%) NFS
13 6 (0.32%) vSphere
14 5 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 5 (0.27%) vCloud
14 5 (0.27%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 610 (32.81%) Puppet
2 524 (28.19%) Ansible
3 414 (22.27%) Opscode Chef
4 408 (21.95%) Kubernetes
5 364 (19.58%) Terraform
6 109 (5.86%) Packer
7 98 (5.27%) Kibana
8 96 (5.16%) Nagios
9 91 (4.90%) Mesos
10 84 (4.52%) logstash
11 75 (4.03%) Consul
12 73 (3.93%) HAProxy
13 71 (3.82%) Grafana
14 70 (3.77%) Salt
15 42 (2.26%) ZABBIX
16 38 (2.04%) Prometheus
17 31 (1.67%) rkt
18 28 (1.51%) Rancher
19 24 (1.29%) Docker Swarm
20 22 (1.18%) CFEngine
Vendors
1 132 (7.10%) Google
2 130 (6.99%) Red Hat
3 110 (5.92%) Oracle
4 108 (5.81%) Splunk
5 100 (5.38%) New Relic
6 82 (4.41%) Microsoft
7 73 (3.93%) VMware
8 69 (3.71%) IBM
9 49 (2.64%) Atlassian
10 41 (2.21%) SaltStack
11 36 (1.94%) Adobe
12 26 (1.40%) PagerDuty
13 22 (1.18%) hybris
14 20 (1.08%) AppDynamics
15 18 (0.97%) SAP
16 15 (0.81%) Cloudera
16 15 (0.81%) Rackspace
17 13 (0.70%) Teradata
18 12 (0.65%) Cisco
19 11 (0.59%) NetApp