Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 263 168 177
Rank change year-on-year -95 +9 -40
Contract jobs citing Ruby 308 1,340 1,654
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.94% 1.58% 1.60%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.23% 3.76% 3.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 233 979 1,105
Median daily rate £488 £525 £515
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.14% +1.94% +3.00%
10th Percentile £331 £375 £385
90th Percentile £638 £700 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £475
% change year-on-year -5.26% - +2.98%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 7
Median hourly rate £35.00 £26.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.08% -24.29% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £32.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +9.38% -8.57% +81.39%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,815 35,603 46,124
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.09% 41.95% 44.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,062 24,658 32,460
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £309 £321 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £420
% change year-on-year - +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 375 695 700
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.81
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +5.25% +4.51%
10th Percentile £13.00 £19.60 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -19.54% +3.57% +3.70%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -81 274 £491 -6.43% 249
London -73 178 £525 -4.55% 156
UK excluding London +11 96 £450 -5.26% 120
Work from Home -105 71 £475 - 59
North of England +28 33 £438 -7.89% 41
South East +114 32 £450 -7.69% 14
North West +47 13 £450 +2.86% 18
Yorkshire +40 13 £475 - 19
Scotland +46 9 £375 -17.81% 26
Midlands +58 8 £467 -11.05% 16
West Midlands +55 7 £467 -15.01% 14
South West +35 7 £458 -10.73% 13
North East +20 7 £425 -10.53% 4
East of England +51 6 £323 -28.33% 9
East Midlands +32 1 - - 2
Wales +25 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 180 (58.44%) Python
2 128 (41.56%) DevOps
3 119 (38.64%) Linux
4 112 (36.36%) AWS
5 94 (30.52%) Java
6 92 (29.87%) Agile Software Development
7 88 (28.57%) Docker
8 85 (27.60%) JavaScript
9 82 (26.62%) Bash Shell
10 80 (25.97%) Kubernetes
11 73 (23.70%) Terraform
12 69 (22.40%) SQL
13 67 (21.75%) Test Automation
14 63 (20.45%) Ansible
14 63 (20.45%) Jenkins
15 62 (20.13%) Ruby on Rails
16 60 (19.48%) Puppet
17 59 (19.16%) Azure
17 59 (19.16%) Git (software)
18 58 (18.83%) Security Cleared
19 54 (17.53%) Continuous Integration
20 48 (15.58%) Opscode Chef
21 46 (14.94%) Unix
22 45 (14.61%) MySQL
22 45 (14.61%) Go
22 45 (14.61%) Node.js
23 43 (13.96%) SC Cleared
24 42 (13.64%) PostgreSQL
25 41 (13.31%) Scrum
25 41 (13.31%) Infrastructure as Code

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (11.69%) Tomcat
2 24 (7.79%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (5.19%) Apache
4 15 (4.87%) Confluence
5 9 (2.92%) nginx
6 7 (2.27%) Apache Spark
7 6 (1.95%) Cloud Foundry
7 6 (1.95%) JBoss
8 5 (1.62%) Apache Solr
8 5 (1.62%) Jetty
8 5 (1.62%) MQSeries
8 5 (1.62%) Oracle Self-Service HR
8 5 (1.62%) Red Hat Fuse
8 5 (1.62%) WebLogic
9 4 (1.30%) WordPress
10 3 (0.97%) Appian
10 3 (0.97%) IIS
10 3 (0.97%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.65%) CMS
11 2 (0.65%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 18 (5.84%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.95%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.32%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.62%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (1.30%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.97%) Oracle 11i
3 3 (0.97%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.65%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.32%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.32%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 112 (36.36%) AWS
2 59 (19.16%) Azure
3 33 (10.71%) GitHub
4 28 (9.09%) GCP
5 23 (7.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 23 (7.47%) Serverless
6 20 (6.49%) Amazon S3
7 19 (6.17%) Datadog
8 17 (5.52%) Amazon EC2
8 17 (5.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 13 (4.22%) Amazon Cognito
9 13 (4.22%) AWS Lambda
10 10 (3.25%) AWS CloudFormation
11 9 (2.92%) Amazon SQS
12 8 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
13 7 (2.27%) AWS CodePipeline
13 7 (2.27%) PaaS
14 6 (1.95%) Amazon ECS
14 6 (1.95%) AWS CloudTrail
14 6 (1.95%) AWS CodeBuild
Communications & Networking
1 20 (6.49%) DNS
1 20 (6.49%) Firewall
2 11 (3.57%) HTTP
3 7 (2.27%) SSL
3 7 (2.27%) TCP/IP
4 6 (1.95%) SSH
5 5 (1.62%) VPN
6 3 (0.97%) DHCP
6 3 (0.97%) Internet
7 2 (0.65%) iSCSI
7 2 (0.65%) OpenVPN
7 2 (0.65%) SAN
7 2 (0.65%) VLAN
8 1 (0.32%) Fibre Channel
8 1 (0.32%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.32%) SMTP
8 1 (0.32%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (14.61%) MySQL
2 42 (13.64%) PostgreSQL
3 30 (9.74%) Big Data
4 22 (7.14%) SQL Server
5 18 (5.84%) MongoDB
6 13 (4.22%) Amazon RDS
7 12 (3.90%) Apache Cassandra
8 11 (3.57%) Hadoop
9 7 (2.27%) Oracle Database
9 7 (2.27%) Redis
10 6 (1.95%) Relational Database
11 5 (1.62%) Presto
11 5 (1.62%) SQL Server 2016
12 4 (1.30%) Amazon Aurora
12 4 (1.30%) BigQuery
12 4 (1.30%) NoSQL
13 2 (0.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 2 (0.65%) Amazon Redshift
13 2 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
13 2 (0.65%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 63 (20.45%) Jenkins
2 59 (19.16%) Git (software)
3 23 (7.47%) Selenium
4 19 (6.17%) Cucumber
5 18 (5.84%) JIRA
6 16 (5.19%) GitLab
7 14 (4.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 12 (3.90%) Bitbucket
9 11 (3.57%) Sonatype Nexus
10 10 (3.25%) GoCD
10 10 (3.25%) Octopus Deploy
11 9 (2.92%) IBM UrbanCode
11 9 (2.92%) SonarQube
12 8 (2.60%) JUnit
12 8 (2.60%) Maven
13 7 (2.27%) Hudson
13 7 (2.27%) Subversion
14 6 (1.95%) Gradle
14 6 (1.95%) Spinnaker
14 6 (1.95%) Vagrant
General
1 38 (12.34%) Public Sector
2 14 (4.55%) Finance
3 7 (2.27%) Telecoms
4 5 (1.62%) Electronics
5 4 (1.30%) Banking
5 4 (1.30%) Retail
6 3 (0.97%) Law
6 3 (0.97%) Marketing
7 2 (0.65%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.32%) Automotive
8 1 (0.32%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.32%) Front Office
8 1 (0.32%) German Language
8 1 (0.32%) Multimedia
8 1 (0.32%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 110 (35.71%) Developer
2 61 (19.81%) DevOps Engineer
3 34 (11.04%) Ruby Developer
4 21 (6.82%) Cloud Engineer
5 20 (6.49%) Architect
5 20 (6.49%) AWS Engineer
5 20 (6.49%) Support Engineer
6 19 (6.17%) Applications Support
6 19 (6.17%) Ruby on Rails Developer
7 18 (5.84%) Applications Engineer
8 16 (5.19%) Applications Support Engineer
9 15 (4.87%) Systems Developer
10 13 (4.22%) Operations Engineer
10 13 (4.22%) Python Engineer
10 13 (4.22%) Test Engineer
11 12 (3.90%) Full Stack Developer
11 12 (3.90%) Linux Engineer
12 11 (3.57%) Analyst
12 11 (3.57%) AWS DevOps
12 11 (3.57%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 62 (20.13%) Ruby on Rails
2 45 (14.61%) Node.js
3 36 (11.69%) React
4 28 (9.09%) HTML
5 25 (8.12%) JSON
6 21 (6.82%) LAMP
7 18 (5.84%) CSS
7 18 (5.84%) Web Services
8 16 (5.19%) Sensu
9 15 (4.87%) HTML5
10 13 (4.22%) jQuery
10 13 (4.22%) RESTful
11 12 (3.90%) .NET
11 12 (3.90%) AngularJS
11 12 (3.90%) RabbitMQ
12 8 (2.60%) Elastic Stack
12 8 (2.60%) Memcached
12 8 (2.60%) XML
13 7 (2.27%) Kafka
13 7 (2.27%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 23 (7.47%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (5.84%) Linux Command Line
3 11 (3.57%) User Experience
4 10 (3.25%) Management Information System
5 8 (2.60%) Public Cloud
6 6 (1.95%) Greenfield Project
7 5 (1.62%) Analytical Mindset
7 5 (1.62%) Cloud Native
7 5 (1.62%) Derivative
7 5 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
8 4 (1.30%) Clustering
9 3 (0.97%) Cyberthreat
9 3 (0.97%) Data Centre
9 3 (0.97%) Mobile App
10 2 (0.65%) Data Protection Act
10 2 (0.65%) Hybrid Cloud
10 2 (0.65%) Private Cloud
10 2 (0.65%) Replication
11 1 (0.32%) Blog
11 1 (0.32%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 119 (38.64%) Linux
2 46 (14.94%) Unix
3 34 (11.04%) Windows
4 28 (9.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (4.22%) CentOS
5 13 (4.22%) Debian
6 10 (3.25%) Apple iOS
7 9 (2.92%) Ubuntu
8 7 (2.27%) Android
8 7 (2.27%) Mac OS X
9 6 (1.95%) Windows Server
9 6 (1.95%) Windows Server 2016
10 5 (1.62%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.32%) Fedora
11 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (41.56%) DevOps
2 92 (29.87%) Agile Software Development
3 67 (21.75%) Test Automation
4 54 (17.53%) Continuous Integration
5 41 (13.31%) Infrastructure as Code
5 41 (13.31%) Scrum
6 40 (12.99%) TDD
7 35 (11.36%) Configuration Management
8 32 (10.39%) Microservices
9 29 (9.42%) Continuous Delivery
10 26 (8.44%) Deployment Automation
11 25 (8.12%) Performance Monitoring
12 21 (6.82%) ITIL
13 20 (6.49%) Root Cause Analysis
13 20 (6.49%) Software Engineering
14 19 (6.17%) E-Commerce
14 19 (6.17%) Open Source
15 18 (5.84%) Cybersecurity
15 18 (5.84%) Test Scripting
16 17 (5.52%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 180 (58.44%) Python
2 94 (30.52%) Java
3 85 (27.60%) JavaScript
4 82 (26.62%) Bash Shell
5 69 (22.40%) SQL
6 45 (14.61%) Go
7 37 (12.01%) C++
8 34 (11.04%) Perl
9 31 (10.06%) Scala
10 24 (7.79%) PowerShell
11 22 (7.14%) PHP
12 18 (5.84%) C#
13 15 (4.87%) C
14 14 (4.55%) Groovy
15 12 (3.90%) PL/SQL
15 12 (3.90%) Shell Script
16 8 (2.60%) Rust
17 6 (1.95%) Clojure
17 6 (1.95%) ClojureScript
17 6 (1.95%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 58 (18.83%) Security Cleared
2 43 (13.96%) SC Cleared
3 13 (4.22%) Degree
4 12 (3.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (2.60%) BPSS Clearance
5 8 (2.60%) Master's Degree
6 5 (1.62%) DBS Check
7 4 (1.30%) AWS Certification
7 4 (1.30%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.97%) ISEB
9 2 (0.65%) MCSE
9 2 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.65%) Network+ Certification
10 1 (0.32%) CCNA
10 1 (0.32%) CCNP
10 1 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.32%) MCITP
10 1 (0.32%) RHCE
10 1 (0.32%) RHCT
10 1 (0.32%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (6.17%) QA
2 8 (2.60%) PCI DSS
3 7 (2.27%) GDPR
4 6 (1.95%) SLA
5 5 (1.62%) Cyber Essentials
5 5 (1.62%) HIPAA
5 5 (1.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.32%) SEPA
System Software
1 88 (28.57%) Docker
2 7 (2.27%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.97%) LXC
4 3 (0.97%) Veritas Cluster Server
4 3 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.65%) Ceph
5 2 (0.65%) NFS
5 2 (0.65%) PowerDNS
5 2 (0.65%) Varnish
5 2 (0.65%) vCloud
5 2 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.32%) HDFS
6 1 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.32%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 80 (25.97%) Kubernetes
2 73 (23.70%) Terraform
3 63 (20.45%) Ansible
4 60 (19.48%) Puppet
5 48 (15.58%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (9.42%) Nagios
7 12 (3.90%) Kibana
7 12 (3.90%) Packer
7 12 (3.90%) Prometheus
7 12 (3.90%) Rundeck
8 8 (2.60%) Salt
9 7 (2.27%) Grafana
9 7 (2.27%) ZABBIX
10 4 (1.30%) Consul
11 3 (0.97%) Pacemaker
12 2 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (0.65%) HP Quality Center
12 2 (0.65%) logstash
12 2 (0.65%) Rancher
12 2 (0.65%) vMotion
Vendors
1 39 (12.66%) Oracle
2 30 (9.74%) Splunk
3 29 (9.42%) Red Hat
4 18 (5.84%) Microsoft
5 17 (5.52%) Adobe
6 15 (4.87%) SaltStack
7 13 (4.22%) Google
8 12 (3.90%) Atlassian
9 9 (2.92%) Cloudera
10 6 (1.95%) Sybase
10 6 (1.95%) VMware
11 5 (1.62%) Axway
11 5 (1.62%) CyberArk
11 5 (1.62%) Hortonworks
11 5 (1.62%) MuleSoft
11 5 (1.62%) New Relic
11 5 (1.62%) Sparx
12 4 (1.30%) BT
12 4 (1.30%) SAP
13 3 (0.97%) Salesforce.com