Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 239 169 174
Rank change year-on-year -70 +5 -47
Contract jobs citing Ruby 440 1,141 1,625
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.07% 1.58% 1.63%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.59% 3.87% 3.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 411 871 1,112
Median daily rate £500 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £380
90th Percentile £638 £694 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £475
% change year-on-year -5.26% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 7 1
Median hourly rate £45.00 £26.50 £62.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +69.81% -57.60% +223.92%
10th Percentile £40.00 £23.20 £61.25
90th Percentile £49.75 £41.70 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £62.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% -36.00% +223.92%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,996 29,489 44,133
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.46% 40.80% 44.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,828 20,635 31,341
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £313 £325 £319
90th Percentile £663 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £430 £425
% change year-on-year -1.16% +1.18% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 399 539 644
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.22
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.30% +3.03% +5.55%
10th Percentile £13.34 £16.55 £16.76
90th Percentile £58.75 £55.00 £51.25
Median hourly rate £42.25 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -0.59% - +6.25%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -72 366 £500 -4.76% 290
London -91 225 £545 -0.91% 153
UK excluding London -10 123 £450 -5.26% 160
Work from Home -119 123 £498 -5.24% 67
North of England +29 44 £450 -10.00% 56
South East +49 27 £425 -15.00% 30
North West +41 25 £450 -10.00% 30
Midlands +40 15 £450 +4.35% 21
South West +79 14 £465 +0.46% 20
Scotland +46 12 £500 +11.11% 17
Yorkshire +21 12 £438 -12.50% 18
East of England +43 11 £488 +8.33% 8
East Midlands +34 8 £475 +18.75% 5
West Midlands +35 7 £413 -11.76% 16
North East +20 7 £475 +31.49% 8

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 220 (50.00%) Python
2 170 (38.64%) DevOps
3 147 (33.41%) AWS
4 141 (32.05%) Linux
5 134 (30.45%) JavaScript
5 134 (30.45%) Agile Software Development
6 129 (29.32%) Docker
7 126 (28.64%) Test Automation
8 118 (26.82%) Java
9 110 (25.00%) Kubernetes
10 106 (24.09%) Bash Shell
11 103 (23.41%) Terraform
12 99 (22.50%) Ruby on Rails
13 95 (21.59%) Ansible
14 91 (20.68%) Git (software)
15 90 (20.45%) Go
16 87 (19.77%) Jenkins
17 85 (19.32%) Continuous Integration
18 84 (19.09%) Azure
19 82 (18.64%) Security Cleared
20 81 (18.41%) Puppet
21 76 (17.27%) TDD
22 75 (17.05%) Opscode Chef
23 65 (14.77%) SC Cleared
24 62 (14.09%) SQL
25 61 (13.86%) Public Sector
26 60 (13.64%) React
27 59 (13.41%) Configuration Management
28 55 (12.50%) Windows
28 55 (12.50%) Infrastructure as Code

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (6.14%) Elasticsearch
1 27 (6.14%) Tomcat
2 24 (5.45%) Confluence
3 14 (3.18%) Apache
4 13 (2.95%) nginx
5 9 (2.05%) JBoss
6 8 (1.82%) Cloud Foundry
6 8 (1.82%) Jetty
6 8 (1.82%) MQSeries
6 8 (1.82%) Oracle Self-Service HR
6 8 (1.82%) Red Hat Fuse
6 8 (1.82%) WebLogic
7 6 (1.36%) WordPress
8 5 (1.14%) CMS
8 5 (1.14%) SharePoint
9 4 (0.91%) OpenStack
10 3 (0.68%) Appian
10 3 (0.68%) IIS
11 2 (0.45%) WebSphere
12 1 (0.23%) Drupal
Applications
1 17 (3.86%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 8 (1.82%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 2 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.23%) Magento
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.23%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 147 (33.41%) AWS
2 84 (19.09%) Azure
3 41 (9.32%) GitHub
4 25 (5.68%) GCP
5 24 (5.45%) PaaS
6 21 (4.77%) Serverless
7 18 (4.09%) OpenShift
8 15 (3.41%) Amazon EC2
8 15 (3.41%) SaaS
9 14 (3.18%) Amazon Cognito
9 14 (3.18%) AWS CloudFormation
9 14 (3.18%) AWS Lambda
9 14 (3.18%) IaaS
10 13 (2.95%) Cloud Computing
11 12 (2.73%) Amazon ECS
11 12 (2.73%) Amazon S3
11 12 (2.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 11 (2.50%) Datadog
13 10 (2.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 10 (2.27%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 28 (6.36%) Firewall
2 15 (3.41%) TCP/IP
3 14 (3.18%) DNS
4 11 (2.50%) Internet
5 10 (2.27%) HTTP
6 9 (2.05%) SSH
7 4 (0.91%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.91%) SSL
8 3 (0.68%) BGP
8 3 (0.68%) OSPF
8 3 (0.68%) SMTP
8 3 (0.68%) tcpdump
8 3 (0.68%) VPN
8 3 (0.68%) VRRP
8 3 (0.68%) VXLAN
8 3 (0.68%) WAN
8 3 (0.68%) Wireshark
9 2 (0.45%) IMAP
9 2 (0.45%) iSCSI
9 2 (0.45%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (10.68%) PostgreSQL
2 45 (10.23%) MySQL
3 24 (5.45%) MongoDB
4 20 (4.55%) SQL Server
5 14 (3.18%) Relational Database
6 12 (2.73%) Big Data
7 11 (2.50%) NoSQL
8 8 (1.82%) Hadoop
8 8 (1.82%) Oracle Database
8 8 (1.82%) Redis
9 7 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
10 6 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
11 5 (1.14%) Amazon Aurora
12 4 (0.91%) Apache Cassandra
12 4 (0.91%) Power BI
13 3 (0.68%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
13 3 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 3 (0.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 2 (0.45%) Amazon Redshift
14 2 (0.45%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 91 (20.68%) Git (software)
2 87 (19.77%) Jenkins
3 47 (10.68%) Selenium
4 42 (9.55%) JIRA
5 33 (7.50%) GitLab
6 32 (7.27%) Cucumber
7 18 (4.09%) IntelliJ
8 16 (3.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 15 (3.41%) Bitbucket
10 14 (3.18%) Subversion
11 12 (2.73%) Ant
11 12 (2.73%) JUnit
11 12 (2.73%) Maven
11 12 (2.73%) Vagrant
12 11 (2.50%) Gatling
12 11 (2.50%) GoCD
12 11 (2.50%) Octopus Deploy
13 10 (2.27%) Hudson
14 9 (2.05%) Gradle
14 9 (2.05%) WATIR
General
1 61 (13.86%) Public Sector
2 24 (5.45%) Finance
3 14 (3.18%) Retail
4 8 (1.82%) Automotive
5 7 (1.59%) Marketing
6 6 (1.36%) Advertising
6 6 (1.36%) Banking
6 6 (1.36%) Telecoms
7 5 (1.14%) Electronics
7 5 (1.14%) Manufacturing
8 3 (0.68%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.45%) Law
10 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.23%) Front Office
10 1 (0.23%) German Language
10 1 (0.23%) Local Government
10 1 (0.23%) Multimedia
10 1 (0.23%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 162 (36.82%) Developer
2 76 (17.27%) DevOps Engineer
3 61 (13.86%) Ruby Developer
4 29 (6.59%) Architect
5 27 (6.14%) Full Stack Developer
6 26 (5.91%) Ruby on Rails Developer
7 21 (4.77%) Test Engineer
8 17 (3.86%) Site Engineer
8 17 (3.86%) Site Reliability Engineer
9 16 (3.64%) Ruby Engineer
10 15 (3.41%) AWS Engineer
10 15 (3.41%) Cloud Engineer
10 15 (3.41%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 15 (3.41%) Senior Developer
10 15 (3.41%) Tester
11 14 (3.18%) Systems Developer
12 13 (2.95%) Administrator
12 13 (2.95%) Technical Architect
13 12 (2.73%) Linux Engineer
13 12 (2.73%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 99 (22.50%) Ruby on Rails
2 60 (13.64%) React
3 54 (12.27%) Node.js
4 36 (8.18%) HTML
5 34 (7.73%) .NET
6 29 (6.59%) JSON
7 26 (5.91%) Web Services
7 26 (5.91%) XML
8 24 (5.45%) AngularJS
8 24 (5.45%) CSS
9 23 (5.23%) HTML5
10 20 (4.55%) jQuery
11 19 (4.32%) Elastic Stack
11 19 (4.32%) REST
12 15 (3.41%) RESTful
13 13 (2.95%) Spring
14 11 (2.50%) Kafka
15 10 (2.27%) LAMP
15 10 (2.27%) Sensu
15 10 (2.27%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 25 (5.68%) Analytical Skills
2 19 (4.32%) User Experience
3 17 (3.86%) Linux Command Line
4 14 (3.18%) Public Cloud
5 10 (2.27%) Enterprise Software
6 9 (2.05%) Data Centre
6 9 (2.05%) Management Information System
7 8 (1.82%) Cloud Native
7 8 (1.82%) Derivative
7 8 (1.82%) Hybrid Cloud
7 8 (1.82%) Mobile App
8 7 (1.59%) Private Cloud
9 6 (1.36%) Greenfield Project
10 5 (1.14%) Analytical Mindset
10 5 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
11 4 (0.91%) Blog
12 3 (0.68%) Cyberthreat
12 3 (0.68%) Equities
12 3 (0.68%) NHS
12 3 (0.68%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 141 (32.05%) Linux
2 55 (12.50%) Windows
3 52 (11.82%) Unix
4 43 (9.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 18 (4.09%) Android
6 16 (3.64%) CentOS
6 16 (3.64%) Ubuntu
7 15 (3.41%) Apple iOS
8 12 (2.73%) Debian
9 11 (2.50%) Mac OS X
10 6 (1.36%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.68%) Windows Server
12 2 (0.45%) Windows Server 2016
13 1 (0.23%) SUSE
13 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 170 (38.64%) DevOps
2 134 (30.45%) Agile Software Development
3 126 (28.64%) Test Automation
4 85 (19.32%) Continuous Integration
5 76 (17.27%) TDD
6 59 (13.41%) Configuration Management
7 55 (12.50%) Infrastructure as Code
8 37 (8.41%) Microservices
9 36 (8.18%) BDD
9 36 (8.18%) Scrum
10 35 (7.95%) Software Engineering
11 31 (7.05%) Continuous Delivery
12 30 (6.82%) Deployment Automation
13 29 (6.59%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 29 (6.59%) Open Source
13 29 (6.59%) Problem-Solving
14 28 (6.36%) E-Commerce
15 26 (5.91%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 21 (4.77%) Test Scripting
17 20 (4.55%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 220 (50.00%) Python
2 134 (30.45%) JavaScript
3 118 (26.82%) Java
4 106 (24.09%) Bash Shell
5 90 (20.45%) Go
6 62 (14.09%) SQL
7 51 (11.59%) Perl
8 50 (11.36%) PowerShell
9 42 (9.55%) Scala
10 36 (8.18%) C++
11 33 (7.50%) PHP
12 23 (5.23%) C
13 22 (5.00%) C#
13 22 (5.00%) Groovy
14 13 (2.95%) Rust
15 10 (2.27%) Clojure
15 10 (2.27%) ClojureScript
15 10 (2.27%) PL/SQL
15 10 (2.27%) Shell Script
16 8 (1.82%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 82 (18.64%) Security Cleared
2 65 (14.77%) SC Cleared
3 11 (2.50%) Degree
4 8 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.59%) BPSS Clearance
5 7 (1.59%) ISTQB
6 6 (1.36%) DV Cleared
6 6 (1.36%) ISEB
7 5 (1.14%) DBS Check
8 4 (0.91%) CCNP
8 4 (0.91%) Cisco Certification
8 4 (0.91%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.45%) MCSE
9 2 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.45%) Network+ Certification
10 1 (0.23%) CCNA
10 1 (0.23%) MCITP
10 1 (0.23%) RHCE
10 1 (0.23%) RHCT
10 1 (0.23%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (7.95%) QA
2 5 (1.14%) ISO/IEC 12207
3 4 (0.91%) PCI DSS
3 4 (0.91%) SLA
4 3 (0.68%) Cyber Essentials
4 3 (0.68%) GDPR
5 2 (0.45%) NCSC
5 2 (0.45%) NIST
6 1 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.23%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.23%) PMO
6 1 (0.23%) SEPA
System Software
1 129 (29.32%) Docker
2 24 (5.45%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (4.09%) Active Directory
4 6 (1.36%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (1.14%) Ceph
5 5 (1.14%) NFS
6 4 (0.91%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.68%) vSphere
8 2 (0.45%) LXC
8 2 (0.45%) Varnish
9 1 (0.23%) DFS Replication
9 1 (0.23%) UAG
9 1 (0.23%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 110 (25.00%) Kubernetes
2 103 (23.41%) Terraform
3 95 (21.59%) Ansible
4 81 (18.41%) Puppet
5 75 (17.05%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (4.32%) Kibana
7 18 (4.09%) Nagios
8 16 (3.64%) Prometheus
9 13 (2.95%) Rundeck
10 10 (2.27%) Consul
10 10 (2.27%) logstash
11 9 (2.05%) Grafana
11 9 (2.05%) Salt
12 6 (1.36%) Mesos
13 5 (1.14%) ZABBIX
14 3 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
14 3 (0.68%) FortiGate
14 3 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
14 3 (0.68%) Marathon
14 3 (0.68%) vRealize
Vendors
1 47 (10.68%) Red Hat
2 28 (6.36%) Oracle
3 27 (6.14%) Google
4 26 (5.91%) Microsoft
5 24 (5.45%) VMware
6 22 (5.00%) Atlassian
7 17 (3.86%) Adobe
8 15 (3.41%) SaltStack
8 15 (3.41%) Splunk
9 12 (2.73%) Cisco
9 12 (2.73%) Cloudera
9 12 (2.73%) Fortinet
10 10 (2.27%) New Relic
11 9 (2.05%) MuleSoft
12 8 (1.82%) Axway
12 8 (1.82%) Hortonworks
12 8 (1.82%) Sparx
12 8 (1.82%) Sybase
13 7 (1.59%) SAP
14 5 (1.14%) ServiceNow