Period
to 10 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 250 185 159
Rank change year-on-year -65 -26 -38
Contract jobs citing Ruby 352 1,380 1,814
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.01% 1.50% 1.75%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.44% 3.55% 3.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 257 1,028 1,240
Median daily rate £500 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £350 £380 £374
90th Percentile £621 £677 £657
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £488 £475
% change year-on-year -2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 6 15
Median hourly rate £20.50 £30.75 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.33% -12.14% -12.50%
10th Percentile £20.35 £22.88 £12.80
90th Percentile £29.27 £57.13 £73.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -41.43% - +15.14%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,446 38,875 45,673
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.26% 42.38% 44.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,570 26,903 32,029
Median daily rate £498 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.74% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £320 £323 £313
90th Percentile £685 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 363 706 751
Median hourly rate £35.50 £44.00 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.32% +8.64% -
10th Percentile £17.75 £20.70 £16.50
90th Percentile £57.30 £55.50 £52.50
Median hourly rate £38.55 £44.00 £40.50
% change year-on-year -12.40% +8.64% -1.82%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -44 334 £500 -6.98% 170
London -41 217 £525 -4.55% 85
UK excluding London -38 110 £475 -2.56% 101
North of England +21 55 £428 -14.50% 30
Work from Home -26 52 £475 +10.14% 36
North West +59 33 £428 -2.29% 20
South East +82 21 £488 +2.63% 19
South West +18 17 £500 -9.09% 18
Yorkshire +9 15 £475 -5.00% 8
Midlands +62 7 £500 +2.56% 13
North East +24 7 £425 -26.09% 2
West Midlands +60 6 £500 -6.93% 8
East of England +44 4 £476 +5.67% 5
Wales +29 3 £475 -26.78% 7
Scotland +28 3 £375 -16.67% 9
East Midlands +39 1 - - 5

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 171 (48.58%) Python
2 133 (37.78%) Agile Software Development
3 129 (36.65%) DevOps
4 121 (34.38%) AWS
5 112 (31.82%) Java
6 111 (31.53%) Ruby on Rails
7 93 (26.42%) JavaScript
8 92 (26.14%) Docker
9 90 (25.57%) Linux
10 79 (22.44%) Terraform
11 75 (21.31%) Kubernetes
11 75 (21.31%) SQL
12 61 (17.33%) Ansible
13 60 (17.05%) Go
14 57 (16.19%) Test Automation
14 57 (16.19%) Bash Shell
15 56 (15.91%) Jenkins
16 53 (15.06%) TDD
17 52 (14.77%) Git (software)
18 51 (14.49%) Node.js
18 51 (14.49%) Continuous Integration
18 51 (14.49%) MySQL
19 50 (14.20%) Microservices
20 49 (13.92%) Infrastructure as Code
21 48 (13.64%) Azure
22 45 (12.78%) Puppet
22 45 (12.78%) HTML
23 44 (12.50%) Oracle
24 43 (12.22%) Scrum
25 42 (11.93%) PostgreSQL

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (11.93%) Elasticsearch
2 31 (8.81%) Tomcat
3 19 (5.40%) Apache Spark
4 15 (4.26%) Apache
4 15 (4.26%) Confluence
5 7 (1.99%) JBoss
6 6 (1.70%) Apache Solr
6 6 (1.70%) nginx
6 6 (1.70%) WebLogic
7 5 (1.42%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (1.42%) Jetty
7 5 (1.42%) MQSeries
7 5 (1.42%) OpenStack
7 5 (1.42%) Oracle Self-Service HR
7 5 (1.42%) Red Hat Fuse
8 2 (0.57%) Drupal
8 2 (0.57%) MS Exchange
8 2 (0.57%) Oracle Workflow
8 2 (0.57%) SAS
8 2 (0.57%) WordPress
Applications
1 10 (2.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.42%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 5 (1.42%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.57%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 2 (0.57%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (1.42%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (1.14%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.85%) Oracle 11i
3 3 (0.85%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.57%) Oracle Payables
4 2 (0.57%) Shopify
5 1 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 121 (34.38%) AWS
2 48 (13.64%) Azure
3 39 (11.08%) GCP
4 31 (8.81%) GitHub
5 29 (8.24%) Serverless
6 23 (6.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 20 (5.68%) PaaS
8 19 (5.40%) AWS Lambda
9 16 (4.55%) Amazon S3
9 16 (4.55%) Datadog
10 14 (3.98%) Amazon EC2
11 13 (3.69%) AWS CloudFormation
12 11 (3.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 10 (2.84%) IaaS
13 10 (2.84%) SaaS
14 9 (2.56%) Cloud Computing
15 8 (2.27%) Amazon SQS
16 7 (1.99%) OpenShift
16 7 (1.99%) Route 53
17 6 (1.70%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 22 (6.25%) DNS
2 12 (3.41%) HTTP
3 11 (3.13%) Firewall
4 8 (2.27%) SSL
4 8 (2.27%) VPN
5 7 (1.99%) Internet
5 7 (1.99%) SSH
5 7 (1.99%) TCP/IP
6 4 (1.14%) OpenVPN
7 3 (0.85%) DHCP
7 3 (0.85%) Skype
8 2 (0.57%) iSCSI
8 2 (0.57%) Kerberos
8 2 (0.57%) SAN
8 2 (0.57%) VLAN
9 1 (0.28%) BGP
9 1 (0.28%) Fibre Channel
9 1 (0.28%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.28%) tcpdump
9 1 (0.28%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (14.49%) MySQL
2 42 (11.93%) PostgreSQL
3 37 (10.51%) Big Data
4 29 (8.24%) MongoDB
5 24 (6.82%) Redis
5 24 (6.82%) SQL Server
6 23 (6.53%) Hadoop
7 21 (5.97%) NoSQL
8 14 (3.98%) Apache Cassandra
9 10 (2.84%) Relational Database
10 9 (2.56%) Amazon RDS
10 9 (2.56%) Oracle Database
11 7 (1.99%) Presto
12 6 (1.70%) Apache Hive
12 6 (1.70%) BigQuery
12 6 (1.70%) HBase
13 5 (1.42%) SQL Server 2016
14 4 (1.14%) Data Warehouse
15 3 (0.85%) Oracle Database 11g
15 3 (0.85%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 56 (15.91%) Jenkins
2 52 (14.77%) Git (software)
3 23 (6.53%) Selenium
4 20 (5.68%) JIRA
5 19 (5.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 18 (5.11%) Cucumber
7 12 (3.41%) GitLab
8 11 (3.13%) RSpec
8 11 (3.13%) Subversion
9 10 (2.84%) Bitbucket
9 10 (2.84%) Sonatype Nexus
10 9 (2.56%) CircleCI
11 8 (2.27%) Hudson
12 7 (1.99%) Maven
12 7 (1.99%) SonarQube
13 6 (1.70%) Spinnaker
13 6 (1.70%) TeamCity
13 6 (1.70%) Vagrant
14 5 (1.42%) FishEye
14 5 (1.42%) Mercurial
General
1 32 (9.09%) Public Sector
2 23 (6.53%) Finance
3 11 (3.13%) Telecoms
4 7 (1.99%) Banking
4 7 (1.99%) Law
5 6 (1.70%) Marketing
6 5 (1.42%) Electronics
7 3 (0.85%) Retail
8 2 (0.57%) Advertising
8 2 (0.57%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.28%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.28%) Local Government
9 1 (0.28%) Social Housing
Job Titles
1 155 (44.03%) Developer
2 69 (19.60%) DevOps Engineer
3 66 (18.75%) Ruby Developer
4 44 (12.50%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 24 (6.82%) AWS Engineer
6 21 (5.97%) Architect
7 17 (4.83%) AWS DevOps
7 17 (4.83%) Cloud Engineer
7 17 (4.83%) Python Engineer
7 17 (4.83%) Senior Developer
8 16 (4.55%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 16 (4.55%) Platform Engineer
8 16 (4.55%) Support Engineer
9 15 (4.26%) Full Stack Developer
10 14 (3.98%) Applications Support
10 14 (3.98%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 13 (3.69%) Applications Engineer
11 13 (3.69%) Applications Support Engineer
12 12 (3.41%) Ruby Engineer
13 10 (2.84%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 111 (31.53%) Ruby on Rails
2 51 (14.49%) Node.js
3 45 (12.78%) HTML
4 38 (10.80%) CSS
5 29 (8.24%) Web Services
6 28 (7.95%) React
7 19 (5.40%) AngularJS
7 19 (5.40%) HTML5
7 19 (5.40%) LAMP
7 19 (5.40%) RabbitMQ
8 18 (5.11%) Kafka
9 17 (4.83%) RESTful
10 15 (4.26%) .NET
11 13 (3.69%) Elastic Stack
11 13 (3.69%) Sensu
12 11 (3.13%) jQuery
12 11 (3.13%) JSON
12 11 (3.13%) PySpark
13 10 (2.84%) REST
14 9 (2.56%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 19 (5.40%) User Experience
2 17 (4.83%) Linux Command Line
3 14 (3.98%) Greenfield Project
4 10 (2.84%) Analytical Skills
5 9 (2.56%) Cloud Native
6 8 (2.27%) Public Cloud
7 7 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
8 6 (1.70%) Management Information System
9 5 (1.42%) Derivative
9 5 (1.42%) Robotics
10 4 (1.14%) Clustering
11 3 (0.85%) Algorithms
11 3 (0.85%) Enterprise Cloud
11 3 (0.85%) Hybrid Cloud
11 3 (0.85%) Mobile App
11 3 (0.85%) Private Cloud
12 2 (0.57%) Enterprise Software
12 2 (0.57%) Replication
12 2 (0.57%) Wiki
13 1 (0.28%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 90 (25.57%) Linux
2 35 (9.94%) Unix
3 34 (9.66%) Windows
4 10 (2.84%) Apple iOS
4 10 (2.84%) Debian
5 9 (2.56%) CentOS
5 9 (2.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (2.56%) Windows Server
6 8 (2.27%) Android
6 8 (2.27%) Mac OS X
7 6 (1.70%) Ubuntu
7 6 (1.70%) Windows Server 2016
8 2 (0.57%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.28%) Fedora
9 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 133 (37.78%) Agile Software Development
2 129 (36.65%) DevOps
3 57 (16.19%) Test Automation
4 53 (15.06%) TDD
5 51 (14.49%) Continuous Integration
6 50 (14.20%) Microservices
7 49 (13.92%) Infrastructure as Code
8 43 (12.22%) Scrum
9 39 (11.08%) Configuration Management
10 35 (9.94%) Continuous Delivery
11 27 (7.67%) Software Engineering
12 26 (7.39%) Kanban
13 24 (6.82%) Deployment Automation
14 23 (6.53%) Front End Development
15 22 (6.25%) ITIL
16 21 (5.97%) Performance Monitoring
17 19 (5.40%) Problem-Solving
18 18 (5.11%) BDD
18 18 (5.11%) Open Source
19 17 (4.83%) Root Cause Analysis
Programming Languages
1 171 (48.58%) Python
2 112 (31.82%) Java
3 93 (26.42%) JavaScript
4 75 (21.31%) SQL
5 60 (17.05%) Go
6 57 (16.19%) Bash Shell
7 41 (11.65%) Scala
8 31 (8.81%) Perl
9 27 (7.67%) C++
10 25 (7.10%) C#
10 25 (7.10%) Groovy
11 23 (6.53%) PowerShell
12 19 (5.40%) PHP
13 14 (3.98%) PL/SQL
14 12 (3.41%) C
15 9 (2.56%) Shell Script
16 8 (2.27%) T-SQL
17 6 (1.70%) VBScript
18 5 (1.42%) Clojure
18 5 (1.42%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 33 (9.38%) Security Cleared
2 22 (6.25%) SC Cleared
3 15 (4.26%) Degree
4 12 (3.41%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.70%) Master's Degree
6 4 (1.14%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.28%) CCNA
8 1 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.28%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.28%) MCITP
8 1 (0.28%) MCSE
8 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.28%) NCDA
8 1 (0.28%) RHCE
8 1 (0.28%) RHCT
8 1 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (6.53%) QA
2 6 (1.70%) PCI DSS
3 5 (1.42%) Cyber Essentials
3 5 (1.42%) GDPR
3 5 (1.42%) HIPAA
3 5 (1.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.85%) SLA
5 1 (0.28%) Data Quality
System Software
1 92 (26.14%) Docker
2 8 (2.27%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.42%) HDFS
4 4 (1.14%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.85%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.85%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.85%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 2 (0.57%) NFS
6 2 (0.57%) PowerDNS
6 2 (0.57%) vCloud
6 2 (0.57%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.28%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.28%) LXC
7 1 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.28%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.28%) vSphere
7 1 (0.28%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 79 (22.44%) Terraform
2 75 (21.31%) Kubernetes
3 61 (17.33%) Ansible
4 45 (12.78%) Puppet
5 36 (10.23%) Opscode Chef
6 24 (6.82%) Nagios
7 14 (3.98%) Salt
8 13 (3.69%) Packer
9 12 (3.41%) Kibana
10 9 (2.56%) Docker Swarm
11 7 (1.99%) Prometheus
12 5 (1.42%) Consul
12 5 (1.42%) Grafana
12 5 (1.42%) logstash
13 4 (1.14%) ZABBIX
14 3 (0.85%) Data Guard
14 3 (0.85%) HAProxy
14 3 (0.85%) Pacemaker
14 3 (0.85%) Rancher
15 2 (0.57%) Oozie
Vendors
1 44 (12.50%) Oracle
2 30 (8.52%) Splunk
3 23 (6.53%) Google
4 19 (5.40%) Microsoft
5 9 (2.56%) CA
5 9 (2.56%) Sybase
6 7 (1.99%) Red Hat
7 6 (1.70%) Atlassian
7 6 (1.70%) Automation Anywhere
7 6 (1.70%) Cloudera
7 6 (1.70%) Hortonworks
7 6 (1.70%) VMware
8 5 (1.42%) Axway
8 5 (1.42%) MuleSoft
8 5 (1.42%) New Relic
8 5 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
8 5 (1.42%) SaltStack
8 5 (1.42%) Sparx
9 4 (1.14%) Nimsoft
10 3 (0.85%) Veritas