Period
to 24 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 24 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
24 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 166 134 97
Rank change year-on-year -32 -37 +44
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,687 1,898 2,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.65% 1.95% 2.41%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.72% 4.65% 6.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,109 1,359 1,851
UK median daily rate £516 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.20% +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £338
90th Percentile £650 £613 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +8.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 5 2
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £10.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +300.00% +25.00%
10th Percentile £12.73 £16.64 £8.60
90th Percentile £73.75 £41.85 £12.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £19.30 £10.00
% change year-on-year +81.39% +92.95% +25.00%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,345 40,788 42,450
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.48% 41.88% 39.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,892 28,151 29,187
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £280
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 712 762 911
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £16.25 £15.79 £14.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +1.35%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 24 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -43 1,549 £515 +3.00% 547
London -40 937 £525 +2.44% 276
UK excluding London -17 721 £475 +5.56% 298
North of England -15 212 £456 +4.29% 81
South East -50 205 £500 +2.41% 64
North West +17 86 £500 +5.26% 34
Scotland +4 85 £500 +17.65% 18
Midlands -34 79 £450 -5.26% 36
Yorkshire -38 79 £450 +2.86% 40
East of England +24 75 £475 +2.70% 48
West Midlands -25 61 £450 -5.26% 16
North East -1 47 £365 -1.35% 7
South West -27 33 £475 +7.71% 42
Wales - 28 £525 - 3
East Midlands -7 17 £400 -9.35% 20
Northern Ireland +38 6 £525 +17.32% 6

For the 6 months to 24 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,090 (64.61%) Python
2 881 (52.22%) Agile Software Development
3 868 (51.45%) DevOps
4 792 (46.95%) Linux
5 718 (42.56%) Amazon AWS
6 706 (41.85%) Java
7 661 (39.18%) Jenkins
8 576 (34.14%) Docker
9 561 (33.25%) Git (software)
10 549 (32.54%) Puppet
11 485 (28.75%) Continuous Integration
12 455 (26.97%) JavaScript
13 450 (26.67%) Ansible
14 443 (26.26%) Bash Shell
15 427 (25.31%) Test Automation
16 424 (25.13%) Perl
17 410 (24.30%) Configuration Management
18 401 (23.77%) TDD
19 385 (22.82%) Terraform
20 380 (22.53%) Ruby on Rails
21 362 (21.46%) Opscode Chef
22 349 (20.69%) Kubernetes
23 330 (19.56%) Open Source
24 290 (17.19%) SQL
25 265 (15.71%) Scrum
26 256 (15.17%) Microsoft Azure
27 249 (14.76%) Windows
28 245 (14.52%) PostgreSQL
29 235 (13.93%) MongoDB
30 233 (13.81%) CSS

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 134 (7.94%) nginx
2 125 (7.41%) Apache
3 119 (7.05%) Tomcat
4 116 (6.88%) Confluence
5 67 (3.97%) Cloud Foundry
6 66 (3.91%) Elasticsearch
7 44 (2.61%) OpenStack
8 41 (2.43%) WebSphere
9 40 (2.37%) JBoss
9 40 (2.37%) WebLogic
10 38 (2.25%) Apache Spark
11 31 (1.84%) Jetty
12 25 (1.48%) IIS
13 23 (1.36%) Tuxedo
14 20 (1.19%) Mongrel
15 19 (1.13%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 17 (1.01%) Apache Solr
17 15 (0.89%) Apache Pig
18 13 (0.77%) CMS
19 8 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 6 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.24%) HipChat
4 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.059%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.059%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.059%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.059%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.059%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.18%) Shopify
3 2 (0.12%) Magento
4 1 (0.059%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.059%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 718 (42.56%) Amazon AWS
2 256 (15.17%) Microsoft Azure
3 216 (12.80%) GitHub
4 116 (6.88%) AWS CloudFormation
5 98 (5.81%) Google Cloud Platform
6 87 (5.16%) Amazon EC2
7 74 (4.39%) Amazon S3
8 71 (4.21%) OpenShift
9 70 (4.15%) PaaS
10 69 (4.09%) Cloud Computing
11 66 (3.91%) Heroku
12 61 (3.62%) Google Analytics
13 59 (3.50%) IaaS
14 49 (2.90%) Serverless
15 44 (2.61%) Datadog
16 39 (2.31%) npm
16 39 (2.31%) SaaS
17 38 (2.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 34 (2.02%) Amazon ELB
19 30 (1.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 196 (11.62%) HTTP
2 147 (8.71%) TCP/IP
3 115 (6.82%) SSL
4 106 (6.28%) DNS
5 73 (4.33%) Firewall
6 54 (3.20%) Internet
7 21 (1.24%) VPN
8 16 (0.95%) AMQP
9 15 (0.89%) BIG-IP
9 15 (0.89%) FTP
10 14 (0.83%) MPLS
10 14 (0.83%) Software-Defined Networking
11 12 (0.71%) SMS
12 10 (0.59%) BGP
12 10 (0.59%) DVB
12 10 (0.59%) OSPF
12 10 (0.59%) Skype
13 8 (0.47%) Broadband
13 8 (0.47%) SAN
13 8 (0.47%) Unicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 245 (14.52%) PostgreSQL
2 235 (13.93%) MongoDB
3 224 (13.28%) MySQL
4 207 (12.27%) NoSQL
5 119 (7.05%) Relational Database
6 88 (5.22%) Redis
7 74 (4.39%) Hadoop
8 65 (3.85%) SQL Server
9 57 (3.38%) Big Data
10 53 (3.14%) Apache Cassandra
11 36 (2.13%) Amazon Redshift
12 28 (1.66%) HBase
12 28 (1.66%) RDBMS
13 22 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
14 20 (1.19%) InfluxDB
15 18 (1.07%) Blockchain
15 18 (1.07%) MariaDB
15 18 (1.07%) Neo4j
16 15 (0.89%) Apache Hive
16 15 (0.89%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 661 (39.18%) Jenkins
2 561 (33.25%) Git (software)
3 201 (11.91%) JIRA
3 201 (11.91%) Selenium
4 176 (10.43%) Cucumber
5 110 (6.52%) Artifactory
6 103 (6.11%) Sonatype Nexus
7 100 (5.93%) Ant
8 99 (5.87%) Vagrant
9 88 (5.22%) JUnit
10 85 (5.04%) TeamCity
11 84 (4.98%) Subversion
12 80 (4.74%) GitLab
12 80 (4.74%) Maven
13 77 (4.56%) Gatling
14 67 (3.97%) IntelliJ
15 63 (3.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 59 (3.50%) gulp
17 58 (3.44%) Bitbucket
18 53 (3.14%) SonarQube
General
1 232 (13.75%) Finance
2 111 (6.58%) Banking
3 44 (2.61%) Retail
4 33 (1.96%) Marketing
5 32 (1.90%) Financial Institution
6 28 (1.66%) Telecoms
7 24 (1.42%) Law
8 20 (1.19%) Front Office
9 12 (0.71%) Games
9 12 (0.71%) Investment Banking
10 10 (0.59%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.36%) Automotive
11 6 (0.36%) Electronics
12 5 (0.30%) Back Office
12 5 (0.30%) Publishing
13 4 (0.24%) Aerospace
14 3 (0.18%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.18%) Russian Language
15 2 (0.12%) Online Betting
15 2 (0.12%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 578 (34.26%) DevOps Engineer
2 573 (33.97%) Developer
3 198 (11.74%) AWS Engineer
4 177 (10.49%) AWS DevOps
5 164 (9.72%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 142 (8.42%) Ruby on Rails Developer
7 132 (7.82%) Ruby Developer
8 90 (5.33%) Scala Developer
9 87 (5.16%) Senior DevOps
9 87 (5.16%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 80 (4.74%) Java Developer
11 79 (4.68%) Cloud Engineer
12 71 (4.21%) Architect
13 60 (3.56%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 52 (3.08%) Operations Engineer
15 50 (2.96%) Linux Engineer
16 48 (2.85%) Tester
17 46 (2.73%) Ruby Engineer
18 44 (2.61%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 42 (2.49%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 380 (22.53%) Ruby on Rails
2 233 (13.81%) CSS
3 221 (13.10%) HTML
4 210 (12.45%) Node.js
5 204 (12.09%) REST
6 176 (10.43%) Web Services
7 170 (10.08%) JSON
8 152 (9.01%) RESTful
9 138 (8.18%) Elastic Stack
10 118 (6.99%) Spring
11 117 (6.94%) HTML5
12 112 (6.64%) AngularJS
13 100 (5.93%) React
14 97 (5.75%) Play Framework
15 87 (5.16%) XML
16 80 (4.74%) SOAP
17 79 (4.68%) RabbitMQ
18 78 (4.62%) Django
19 74 (4.39%) Gherkin
19 74 (4.39%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 91 (5.39%) Greenfield Project
2 82 (4.86%) Linux Command Line
3 68 (4.03%) Fintech
4 59 (3.50%) Data Centre
5 46 (2.73%) Computer Science
6 42 (2.49%) Mobile App
7 41 (2.43%) Public Cloud
8 40 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
9 39 (2.31%) Analytical Skills
9 39 (2.31%) iPad
10 37 (2.19%) User Experience
11 22 (1.30%) Virtual Team
12 20 (1.19%) Replication
13 16 (0.95%) Enterprise Cloud
13 16 (0.95%) Hybrid Cloud
14 15 (0.89%) PKI
15 13 (0.77%) Cloud Native
15 13 (0.77%) Cyberthreat
15 13 (0.77%) Enterprise Software
16 12 (0.71%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 792 (46.95%) Linux
2 249 (14.76%) Windows
3 204 (12.09%) Unix
4 99 (5.87%) Ubuntu
5 80 (4.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 63 (3.73%) CentOS
7 34 (2.02%) Solaris
8 29 (1.72%) Apple iOS
8 29 (1.72%) Windows Server
9 25 (1.48%) Debian
10 23 (1.36%) Android
11 20 (1.19%) CoreOS
11 20 (1.19%) Fedora
12 19 (1.13%) Mac OS X
13 16 (0.95%) Mac OS
13 16 (0.95%) SUSE
13 16 (0.95%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 10 (0.59%) AIX
15 3 (0.18%) VME
16 2 (0.12%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 881 (52.22%) Agile Software Development
2 868 (51.45%) DevOps
3 485 (28.75%) Continuous Integration
4 427 (25.31%) Test Automation
5 410 (24.30%) Configuration Management
6 401 (23.77%) TDD
7 330 (19.56%) Open Source
8 265 (15.71%) Scrum
9 228 (13.52%) Microservices
10 213 (12.63%) BDD
11 181 (10.73%) Continuous Delivery
12 149 (8.83%) Software Engineering
13 133 (7.88%) Problem-Solving
14 129 (7.65%) Deployment Automation
15 125 (7.41%) E-Commerce
16 123 (7.29%) Analytics
17 104 (6.16%) Continuous Deployment
18 97 (5.75%) Kanban
19 95 (5.63%) Migration
20 90 (5.33%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,090 (64.61%) Python
2 706 (41.85%) Java
3 455 (26.97%) JavaScript
4 443 (26.26%) Bash Shell
5 424 (25.13%) Perl
6 290 (17.19%) SQL
7 224 (13.28%) Go
8 194 (11.50%) Scala
9 169 (10.02%) Groovy
10 160 (9.48%) C#
11 130 (7.71%) C++
12 125 (7.41%) PowerShell
13 105 (6.22%) C
13 105 (6.22%) Shell Script
14 89 (5.28%) PHP
15 51 (3.02%) Haskell
16 25 (1.48%) Java 8
17 24 (1.42%) ES6
18 19 (1.13%) PL/SQL
19 18 (1.07%) R
Qualifications
1 148 (8.77%) Security Cleared
2 133 (7.88%) SC Cleared
3 68 (4.03%) Degree
4 36 (2.13%) BPSS Clearance
5 24 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
6 22 (1.30%) AWS Certification
7 12 (0.71%) CISM
7 12 (0.71%) CISSP
7 12 (0.71%) ISTQB
8 9 (0.53%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.36%) ISEB
10 5 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.30%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.24%) CCNA
11 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.18%) CEH
12 3 (0.18%) MCSA
12 3 (0.18%) OSCP
12 3 (0.18%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (5.51%) QA
2 29 (1.72%) GDPR
3 18 (1.07%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.71%) FINRA
5 3 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 576 (34.14%) Docker
2 47 (2.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 36 (2.13%) etcd
3 36 (2.13%) flannel
4 30 (1.78%) VirtualBox
5 21 (1.24%) Active Directory
6 16 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
7 15 (0.89%) HDFS
8 13 (0.77%) Hyper-V
8 13 (0.77%) Xen
9 12 (0.71%) Ceph
10 10 (0.59%) GlusterFS
10 10 (0.59%) SkyDNS
11 9 (0.53%) KVM
12 8 (0.47%) vSphere
13 7 (0.41%) LXC
14 5 (0.30%) Firmware
15 4 (0.24%) Squid
16 2 (0.12%) iptables
16 2 (0.12%) NFS
Systems Management
1 549 (32.54%) Puppet
2 450 (26.67%) Ansible
3 385 (22.82%) Terraform
4 362 (21.46%) Opscode Chef
5 349 (20.69%) Kubernetes
6 126 (7.47%) Kibana
7 123 (7.29%) Nagios
8 108 (6.40%) Packer
9 88 (5.22%) Grafana
10 83 (4.92%) Salt
11 80 (4.74%) Mesos
12 71 (4.21%) logstash
13 59 (3.50%) Consul
14 57 (3.38%) ZABBIX
15 52 (3.08%) Prometheus
16 42 (2.49%) HAProxy
17 36 (2.13%) Graphite
18 35 (2.07%) rkt
19 25 (1.48%) CFEngine
20 23 (1.36%) Rancher
Vendors
1 181 (10.73%) Google
2 131 (7.77%) Splunk
3 124 (7.35%) Red Hat
4 115 (6.82%) Oracle
5 110 (6.52%) New Relic
6 98 (5.81%) VMware
7 96 (5.69%) Microsoft
8 65 (3.85%) IBM
9 49 (2.90%) Adobe
10 32 (1.90%) AppDynamics
11 29 (1.72%) Atlassian
11 29 (1.72%) PagerDuty
12 23 (1.36%) SaltStack
13 22 (1.30%) NetApp
14 21 (1.24%) hybris
15 20 (1.19%) Cloudera
15 20 (1.19%) F5
16 18 (1.07%) Informatica
17 16 (0.95%) webMethods
18 15 (0.89%) TIBCO