Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 177 141 96
Rank change year-on-year -36 -45 +34
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,607 1,928 2,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.56% 1.87% 2.43%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.49% 4.47% 6.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,030 1,449 1,895
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £388 £363 £342
90th Percentile £663 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 5 2
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £10.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +250.00% +25.00%
10th Percentile £21.45 £16.64 £8.60
90th Percentile £46.50 £41.35 £12.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £19.30 £10.00
% change year-on-year +81.39% +92.95% +25.00%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,071 43,141 42,782
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.68% 41.95% 40.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,416 30,149 29,368
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £315 £306 £281
90th Percentile £638 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 675 803 890
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +1.35%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.15 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% -

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 17 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -40 1,454 £525 +5.00% 622
London -31 869 £550 +4.76% 335
UK excluding London -33 711 £475 +5.56% 325
South East -61 179 £500 - 69
North of England -56 168 £488 +10.80% 92
Midlands -7 102 £450 -10.00% 32
Scotland +18 97 £494 +16.18% 20
East of England +6 85 £475 +5.56% 52
West Midlands -2 79 £450 -10.00% 12
Yorkshire -53 71 £475 +11.76% 36
North West -16 65 £500 +5.26% 46
South West -37 42 £475 +11.76% 42
North East -1 32 £435 +8.75% 10
Wales +10 29 £425 +17.24% 9
East Midlands -1 19 £395 -12.22% 20
Northern Ireland +28 10 £450 +38.46% 9

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,032 (64.22%) Python
2 838 (52.15%) Agile Software Development
3 791 (49.22%) DevOps
4 757 (47.11%) Linux
5 689 (42.87%) Java
6 652 (40.57%) Amazon AWS
7 608 (37.83%) Jenkins
8 549 (34.16%) Docker
9 511 (31.80%) Git (software)
10 475 (29.56%) Continuous Integration
11 474 (29.50%) JavaScript
12 465 (28.94%) Puppet
13 416 (25.89%) Ansible
14 410 (25.51%) Test Automation
15 402 (25.02%) Configuration Management
16 386 (24.02%) Perl
17 382 (23.77%) Bash Shell
18 368 (22.90%) Ruby on Rails
19 367 (22.84%) TDD
20 352 (21.90%) Terraform
21 332 (20.66%) Opscode Chef
22 300 (18.67%) Kubernetes
23 288 (17.92%) Open Source
24 282 (17.55%) Scrum
25 262 (16.30%) SQL
26 243 (15.12%) Go
27 242 (15.06%) Windows
28 232 (14.44%) CSS
29 229 (14.25%) GitHub
30 224 (13.94%) Node.js

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (8.59%) Confluence
2 125 (7.78%) nginx
3 113 (7.03%) Apache
4 101 (6.29%) Tomcat
5 68 (4.23%) Elasticsearch
6 51 (3.17%) OpenStack
7 40 (2.49%) JBoss
8 39 (2.43%) Cloud Foundry
9 38 (2.36%) WebLogic
10 34 (2.12%) WebSphere
11 25 (1.56%) Apache Spark
11 25 (1.56%) Jetty
12 23 (1.43%) Tuxedo
13 17 (1.06%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 17 (1.06%) IIS
14 16 (1.00%) Apache Solr
15 15 (0.93%) Mongrel
16 10 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 10 (0.62%) SAS
17 8 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 8 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.25%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.12%) SPSS
4 1 (0.062%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.062%) HipChat
4 1 (0.062%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.062%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
3 3 (0.19%) Shopify
4 1 (0.062%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 652 (40.57%) Amazon AWS
2 229 (14.25%) GitHub
3 206 (12.82%) Microsoft Azure
4 124 (7.72%) AWS CloudFormation
5 90 (5.60%) Amazon EC2
6 82 (5.10%) Amazon S3
7 75 (4.67%) Google Cloud Platform
8 73 (4.54%) OpenShift
9 69 (4.29%) Serverless
10 68 (4.23%) Google Analytics
11 67 (4.17%) PaaS
12 53 (3.30%) IaaS
13 46 (2.86%) Heroku
14 43 (2.68%) SaaS
15 42 (2.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 40 (2.49%) Cloud Computing
17 35 (2.18%) AWS Lambda
18 29 (1.80%) Amazon ELB
19 23 (1.43%) Datadog
20 17 (1.06%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 196 (12.20%) HTTP
2 116 (7.22%) TCP/IP
3 88 (5.48%) SSL
4 77 (4.79%) DNS
5 60 (3.73%) Firewall
6 47 (2.92%) VPN
7 35 (2.18%) Internet
8 17 (1.06%) SNMP
8 17 (1.06%) Software-Defined Networking
9 16 (1.00%) MPLS
10 15 (0.93%) BIG-IP
10 15 (0.93%) DHCP
10 15 (0.93%) Skype
11 14 (0.87%) SAN
12 13 (0.81%) AMQP
13 11 (0.68%) 802.11
13 11 (0.68%) VLAN
13 11 (0.68%) VoIP
14 10 (0.62%) DVB
14 10 (0.62%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 208 (12.94%) PostgreSQL
2 197 (12.26%) MongoDB
3 195 (12.13%) NoSQL
4 187 (11.64%) MySQL
5 138 (8.59%) Relational Database
6 76 (4.73%) Hadoop
7 67 (4.17%) Redis
8 55 (3.42%) SQL Server
9 41 (2.55%) Big Data
10 34 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
11 30 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
12 26 (1.62%) RDBMS
13 24 (1.49%) Neo4j
14 19 (1.18%) Amazon Redshift
14 19 (1.18%) InfluxDB
14 19 (1.18%) Oracle Database
15 18 (1.12%) ArangoDB
15 18 (1.12%) HBase
15 18 (1.12%) MariaDB
16 15 (0.93%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 608 (37.83%) Jenkins
2 511 (31.80%) Git (software)
3 218 (13.57%) JIRA
4 196 (12.20%) Selenium
5 185 (11.51%) Cucumber
6 107 (6.66%) JUnit
7 101 (6.29%) Artifactory
8 91 (5.66%) Subversion
9 88 (5.48%) Gatling
10 79 (4.92%) Ant
10 79 (4.92%) Sonatype Nexus
11 73 (4.54%) TeamCity
11 73 (4.54%) Vagrant
12 72 (4.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 72 (4.48%) IntelliJ
13 65 (4.04%) Maven
14 64 (3.98%) GitLab
15 63 (3.92%) gulp
16 61 (3.80%) Hudson
17 57 (3.55%) Sublime Text
General
1 214 (13.32%) Finance
2 98 (6.10%) Banking
3 41 (2.55%) Retail
4 35 (2.18%) Financial Institution
5 26 (1.62%) Law
6 25 (1.56%) Marketing
7 23 (1.43%) Telecoms
8 13 (0.81%) Front Office
9 10 (0.62%) Investment Banking
10 8 (0.50%) Games
11 6 (0.37%) Advertising
11 6 (0.37%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.31%) Aerospace
12 5 (0.31%) Back Office
13 4 (0.25%) Automotive
14 3 (0.19%) Legal
14 3 (0.19%) Publishing
14 3 (0.19%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.19%) Russian Language
15 2 (0.12%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 557 (34.66%) Developer
2 515 (32.05%) DevOps Engineer
3 156 (9.71%) AWS Engineer
4 137 (8.53%) AWS DevOps
5 133 (8.28%) Ruby on Rails Developer
6 129 (8.03%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 117 (7.28%) Ruby Developer
8 95 (5.91%) Scala Developer
9 82 (5.10%) Java Developer
10 76 (4.73%) Cloud Engineer
11 61 (3.80%) Senior DevOps
12 60 (3.73%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 59 (3.67%) Architect
14 54 (3.36%) Agile Developer
15 52 (3.24%) Tester
16 50 (3.11%) Operations Engineer
17 47 (2.92%) Linux Engineer
18 43 (2.68%) Kubernetes Engineer
19 36 (2.24%) Test Engineer
20 35 (2.18%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 368 (22.90%) Ruby on Rails
2 232 (14.44%) CSS
3 224 (13.94%) Node.js
4 221 (13.75%) HTML
5 192 (11.95%) REST
6 183 (11.39%) JSON
7 174 (10.83%) Web Services
8 162 (10.08%) RESTful
9 135 (8.40%) Spring
10 119 (7.41%) Play Framework
11 115 (7.16%) Elastic Stack
12 102 (6.35%) Django
13 97 (6.04%) AngularJS
14 93 (5.79%) HTML5
15 85 (5.29%) React
16 84 (5.23%) Gherkin
17 75 (4.67%) jQuery
18 74 (4.60%) .NET
19 73 (4.54%) SOAP
20 66 (4.11%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 87 (5.41%) Greenfield Project
2 63 (3.92%) Linux Command Line
3 60 (3.73%) Computer Science
4 55 (3.42%) User Experience
5 49 (3.05%) Data Centre
5 49 (3.05%) Public Cloud
6 41 (2.55%) Mobile App
7 36 (2.24%) Cyberthreat
7 36 (2.24%) Fintech
8 34 (2.12%) Analytical Skills
8 34 (2.12%) Hybrid Cloud
9 33 (2.05%) Self-Motivation
10 30 (1.87%) Enterprise Cloud
11 18 (1.12%) iPad
11 18 (1.12%) PKI
12 16 (1.00%) Enterprise Software
12 16 (1.00%) Replication
13 13 (0.81%) Cloud Native
13 13 (0.81%) Management Information System
13 13 (0.81%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 757 (47.11%) Linux
2 242 (15.06%) Windows
3 166 (10.33%) Unix
4 91 (5.66%) Ubuntu
5 89 (5.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 48 (2.99%) CentOS
7 34 (2.12%) Windows Server
8 30 (1.87%) Apple iOS
8 30 (1.87%) Solaris
9 29 (1.80%) CoreOS
10 26 (1.62%) Debian
11 21 (1.31%) Android
11 21 (1.31%) Mac OS X
12 16 (1.00%) Kali Linux
12 16 (1.00%) SUSE
12 16 (1.00%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 15 (0.93%) Fedora
13 15 (0.93%) Mac OS
14 11 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
15 4 (0.25%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 838 (52.15%) Agile Software Development
2 791 (49.22%) DevOps
3 475 (29.56%) Continuous Integration
4 410 (25.51%) Test Automation
5 402 (25.02%) Configuration Management
6 367 (22.84%) TDD
7 288 (17.92%) Open Source
8 282 (17.55%) Scrum
9 197 (12.26%) Microservices
10 180 (11.20%) Continuous Delivery
11 176 (10.95%) BDD
12 169 (10.52%) Problem-Solving
13 136 (8.46%) Kanban
14 131 (8.15%) Software Engineering
15 126 (7.84%) Analytics
15 126 (7.84%) Deployment Automation
16 112 (6.97%) Continuous Deployment
17 95 (5.91%) Migration
18 94 (5.85%) Pair Programming
19 93 (5.79%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,032 (64.22%) Python
2 689 (42.87%) Java
3 474 (29.50%) JavaScript
4 386 (24.02%) Perl
5 382 (23.77%) Bash Shell
6 262 (16.30%) SQL
7 243 (15.12%) Go
8 217 (13.50%) Scala
9 156 (9.71%) C#
10 144 (8.96%) Groovy
11 114 (7.09%) Shell Script
12 107 (6.66%) PowerShell
13 97 (6.04%) C++
14 93 (5.79%) C
15 88 (5.48%) PHP
16 51 (3.17%) Haskell
17 19 (1.18%) Lua
18 14 (0.87%) Apple Swift
19 13 (0.81%) ES6
19 13 (0.81%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 142 (8.84%) Security Cleared
2 106 (6.60%) SC Cleared
3 72 (4.48%) Degree
4 52 (3.24%) BPSS Clearance
5 28 (1.74%) AWS Certification
6 22 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
7 20 (1.24%) CISSP
8 19 (1.18%) CISM
9 14 (0.87%) DV Cleared
10 12 (0.75%) ISTQB
10 12 (0.75%) OSCE
11 8 (0.50%) OSCP
11 8 (0.50%) SANS
12 7 (0.44%) CREST Certified
12 7 (0.44%) Master's Degree
13 6 (0.37%) GPEN
13 6 (0.37%) ISEB
14 5 (0.31%) CEH
14 5 (0.31%) Tigerscheme
15 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (5.66%) QA
2 33 (2.05%) GDPR
3 18 (1.12%) FINRA
4 16 (1.00%) Data Quality
5 10 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.56%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 3 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.12%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 549 (34.16%) Docker
2 45 (2.80%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (2.55%) Active Directory
4 27 (1.68%) etcd
4 27 (1.68%) flannel
5 20 (1.24%) Ceph
5 20 (1.24%) GlusterFS
5 20 (1.24%) SkyDNS
6 19 (1.18%) VirtualBox
7 16 (1.00%) Hyper-V
8 15 (0.93%) HDFS
9 12 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
10 11 (0.68%) Xen
11 7 (0.44%) KVM
11 7 (0.44%) vSphere
12 4 (0.25%) Firmware
12 4 (0.25%) LXC
12 4 (0.25%) Squid
12 4 (0.25%) XenApp
13 3 (0.19%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 465 (28.94%) Puppet
2 416 (25.89%) Ansible
3 352 (21.90%) Terraform
4 332 (20.66%) Opscode Chef
5 300 (18.67%) Kubernetes
6 117 (7.28%) Kibana
7 103 (6.41%) Nagios
8 94 (5.85%) Packer
9 88 (5.48%) Grafana
10 67 (4.17%) Salt
11 64 (3.98%) ZABBIX
12 62 (3.86%) Prometheus
13 57 (3.55%) Mesos
14 50 (3.11%) Graphite
15 47 (2.92%) logstash
16 43 (2.68%) Consul
17 40 (2.49%) HAProxy
18 36 (2.24%) Docker Swarm
19 33 (2.05%) Sysdig
20 27 (1.68%) rkt
Vendors
1 185 (11.51%) Google
2 131 (8.15%) Red Hat
3 121 (7.53%) Splunk
4 111 (6.91%) Oracle
5 104 (6.47%) Microsoft
6 89 (5.54%) VMware
7 69 (4.29%) New Relic
8 48 (2.99%) Adobe
9 40 (2.49%) IBM
10 25 (1.56%) AppDynamics
10 25 (1.56%) Atlassian
11 24 (1.49%) SaltStack
12 22 (1.37%) Cloudera
12 22 (1.37%) PagerDuty
13 21 (1.31%) hybris
13 21 (1.31%) Qualys
14 20 (1.24%) McAfee
14 20 (1.24%) NetApp
14 20 (1.24%) Sybase
15 18 (1.12%) Symantec