Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 140 94 130
Rank change year-on-year -46 +36 -11
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1933 2552 2057
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.87% 2.42% 1.81%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.47% 6.01% 4.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 1457 1887 1620
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £313
90th Percentile £638 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £415
% change year-on-year - +8.43% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 6
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £10.00 £8.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +250.00% +25.00% -88.73%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.30 £10.00 £8.00
% change year-on-year +92.95% +25.00% -

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43210 42451 43594
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.91% 40.33% 38.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 30200 29151 29477
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £308 £283 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £370
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 801 886 1045
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +20.81%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.44 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.96% +0.67% +19.05%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -46 1828 £500 +5.26% 446
London -43 1100 £525 +5.00% 225
UK excluding London -8 810 £450 - 244
South East +7 262 £500 +11.11% 56
North of England -30 232 £450 - 73
Yorkshire -24 118 £425 -5.56% 31
Midlands +4 92 £500 +11.11% 17
North West -22 83 £475 +11.76% 33
East of England -4 81 £450 - 42
Scotland +50 74 £425 +11.48% 16
South West -25 60 £425 -5.56% 33
West Midlands +17 58 £500 +5.26% 2
East Midlands -13 30 £450 +12.50% 15
North East +22 29 £400 -5.88% 9
Northern Ireland -25 14 £325 -
Wales +8 3 £363 -30.95% 7

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1228 (63.53%) Python
2 1029 (53.23%) Agile Software Development
3 863 (44.65%) DevOps
4 838 (43.35%) Java
5 832 (43.04%) Linux
6 718 (37.14%) Amazon AWS
7 641 (33.16%) Jenkins
8 569 (29.44%) Puppet
9 549 (28.40%) Ansible
10 505 (26.13%) Continuous Integration
11 497 (25.71%) Git (software)
12 481 (24.88%) TDD
13 475 (24.57%) Bash Shell
14 465 (24.06%) Configuration Management
15 456 (23.59%) Docker
16 441 (22.81%) JavaScript
17 436 (22.56%) Test Automation
18 430 (22.25%) Opscode Chef
19 320 (16.55%) Open Source
20 319 (16.50%) Finance
21 318 (16.45%) Scrum
22 312 (16.14%) Web Services
23 289 (14.95%) Ruby on Rails
24 287 (14.85%) HTML
25 285 (14.74%) Perl
26 266 (13.76%) BDD
27 264 (13.66%) CSS
28 262 (13.55%) Unix
29 261 (13.50%) Go
30 256 (13.24%) JIRA

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (6.67%) nginx
2 128 (6.62%) Confluence
3 100 (5.17%) Apache
4 97 (5.02%) Elasticsearch
5 93 (4.81%) Tomcat
6 70 (3.62%) Cloud Foundry
7 50 (2.59%) OpenStack
8 44 (2.28%) JBoss
9 35 (1.81%) Apache Spark
10 29 (1.50%) IIS
11 26 (1.35%) WebSphere
12 23 (1.19%) Jetty
13 19 (0.98%) WebLogic
14 17 (0.88%) CMS
15 10 (0.52%) Apache Airflow
15 10 (0.52%) Luigi
16 8 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 6 (0.31%) CloudStack
18 5 (0.26%) Apache Solr
18 5 (0.26%) WordPress
Applications
1 10 (0.52%) Pipeline Pilot
2 7 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.10%) HipChat
6 1 (0.052%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.052%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (0.52%) Payment Gateway
2 6 (0.31%) SunGard GMI
3 5 (0.26%) Magento
4 3 (0.16%) Shopify
5 2 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.10%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.10%) Relativity
6 1 (0.052%) Exstream
6 1 (0.052%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.052%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 718 (37.14%) Amazon AWS
2 188 (9.73%) Microsoft Azure
3 138 (7.14%) GitHub
4 110 (5.69%) Amazon EC2
5 97 (5.02%) AWS CloudFormation
6 86 (4.45%) PaaS
7 82 (4.24%) Amazon S3
8 58 (3.00%) Cloud Computing
9 55 (2.85%) OpenShift
10 54 (2.79%) Google Cloud Platform
11 49 (2.53%) Route 53
11 49 (2.53%) Serverless
12 47 (2.43%) SaaS
13 42 (2.17%) IaaS
14 33 (1.71%) Amazon SQS
15 30 (1.55%) Amazon ELB
16 27 (1.40%) Heroku
16 27 (1.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 19 (0.98%) Amazon ElastiCache
18 18 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 186 (9.62%) HTTP
2 164 (8.48%) TCP/IP
3 98 (5.07%) Firewall
4 93 (4.81%) DNS
5 82 (4.24%) SSL
6 56 (2.90%) Internet
7 40 (2.07%) Network Security
8 31 (1.60%) HTTPS
8 31 (1.60%) VPN
9 27 (1.40%) SAN
10 24 (1.24%) LDAP
11 18 (0.93%) IPsec
11 18 (0.93%) SMS
12 15 (0.78%) WAN
13 13 (0.67%) NAS
13 13 (0.67%) SMTP
14 12 (0.62%) AMQP
14 12 (0.62%) ICMP
15 10 (0.52%) DHCP
15 10 (0.52%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 209 (10.81%) NoSQL
2 193 (9.98%) MongoDB
2 193 (9.98%) PostgreSQL
3 188 (9.73%) MySQL
4 129 (6.67%) Relational Database
5 82 (4.24%) Redis
6 80 (4.14%) Big Data
7 71 (3.67%) Hadoop
7 71 (3.67%) SQL Server
8 64 (3.31%) Apache Cassandra
9 54 (2.79%) Amazon RDS
10 40 (2.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 36 (1.86%) RDBMS
12 27 (1.40%) Oracle Database
13 18 (0.93%) Couchbase
14 13 (0.67%) Blockchain
14 13 (0.67%) Riak
15 12 (0.62%) Data Mining
16 10 (0.52%) KNIME
17 9 (0.47%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 641 (33.16%) Jenkins
2 497 (25.71%) Git (software)
3 256 (13.24%) JIRA
4 242 (12.52%) Cucumber
5 193 (9.98%) Selenium
6 128 (6.62%) Maven
6 128 (6.62%) Subversion
7 118 (6.10%) TeamCity
8 117 (6.05%) JUnit
9 90 (4.66%) Sonatype Nexus
10 70 (3.62%) WebDriver
11 69 (3.57%) Calabash
12 64 (3.31%) RSpec
13 61 (3.16%) Vagrant
14 60 (3.10%) Artifactory
14 60 (3.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 56 (2.90%) Appium
16 44 (2.28%) Ant
17 42 (2.17%) JBehave
17 42 (2.17%) JMeter
General
1 319 (16.50%) Finance
2 161 (8.33%) Banking
3 46 (2.38%) Retail
4 38 (1.97%) Marketing
5 34 (1.76%) Telecoms
6 30 (1.55%) Games
7 28 (1.45%) Front Office
8 24 (1.24%) Investment Banking
9 22 (1.14%) Manufacturing
10 20 (1.03%) Electronics
11 16 (0.83%) Retail Banking
12 15 (0.78%) Back Office
13 13 (0.67%) Automotive
14 10 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
14 10 (0.52%) Publishing
15 8 (0.41%) Advertising
15 8 (0.41%) Law
16 5 (0.26%) Hindi Language
16 5 (0.26%) Japanese Language
17 4 (0.21%) Legal
Job Titles
1 654 (33.83%) Developer
2 501 (25.92%) DevOps Engineer
3 194 (10.04%) AWS Engineer
4 178 (9.21%) AWS DevOps
5 149 (7.71%) Ruby Developer
6 146 (7.55%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 133 (6.88%) Java Developer
8 121 (6.26%) Architect
9 112 (5.79%) Ruby on Rails Developer
10 109 (5.64%) Linux Engineer
11 104 (5.38%) Cloud Engineer
11 104 (5.38%) Senior Developer
12 87 (4.50%) Tester
13 75 (3.88%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 75 (3.88%) Ruby Engineer
14 62 (3.21%) Linux DevOps Engineer
15 61 (3.16%) Analyst
16 59 (3.05%) Full Stack Developer
17 58 (3.00%) Scala Developer
18 56 (2.90%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 312 (16.14%) Web Services
2 289 (14.95%) Ruby on Rails
3 287 (14.85%) HTML
4 264 (13.66%) CSS
5 241 (12.47%) Node.js
6 235 (12.16%) JSON
7 179 (9.26%) REST
8 174 (9.00%) RESTful
9 162 (8.38%) HTML5
9 162 (8.38%) Spring
10 146 (7.55%) Elastic Stack
11 133 (6.88%) CSS3
12 122 (6.31%) .NET
13 107 (5.54%) AngularJS
14 100 (5.17%) React
15 84 (4.35%) XML
16 81 (4.19%) Ajax
17 80 (4.14%) Play Framework
18 78 (4.04%) Django
19 68 (3.52%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 85 (4.40%) Greenfield Project
2 84 (4.35%) Analytical Skills
3 80 (4.14%) Mobile App
4 77 (3.98%) Computer Science
5 70 (3.62%) Public Cloud
6 32 (1.66%) Virtual Team
7 31 (1.60%) User Experience
8 30 (1.55%) Enterprise Cloud
9 28 (1.45%) Cloud Native
9 28 (1.45%) Data Centre
9 28 (1.45%) PKI
10 27 (1.40%) Fintech
11 23 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
12 22 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
12 22 (1.14%) Management Information System
13 19 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 19 (0.98%) Hybrid Cloud
14 17 (0.88%) Data Structures
14 17 (0.88%) Private Cloud
15 16 (0.83%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 832 (43.04%) Linux
2 262 (13.55%) Unix
3 198 (10.24%) Windows
4 173 (8.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 92 (4.76%) CentOS
6 76 (3.93%) Ubuntu
7 42 (2.17%) Apple iOS
8 36 (1.86%) Android
9 34 (1.76%) Mac OS
10 33 (1.71%) Windows Server
11 28 (1.45%) Solaris
12 26 (1.35%) CoreOS
13 24 (1.24%) Mac OS X
13 24 (1.24%) Windows Server 2008
14 21 (1.09%) AIX
15 19 (0.98%) Windows Server 2012
16 12 (0.62%) Debian
17 6 (0.31%) Fedora
18 3 (0.16%) SUSE
18 3 (0.16%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1029 (53.23%) Agile Software Development
2 863 (44.65%) DevOps
3 505 (26.13%) Continuous Integration
4 481 (24.88%) TDD
5 465 (24.06%) Configuration Management
6 436 (22.56%) Test Automation
7 320 (16.55%) Open Source
8 318 (16.45%) Scrum
9 266 (13.76%) BDD
10 229 (11.85%) Continuous Delivery
11 190 (9.83%) Kanban
12 178 (9.21%) Microservices
13 132 (6.83%) Software Engineering
14 128 (6.62%) Mentoring
15 115 (5.95%) MVC
16 110 (5.69%) E-Commerce
17 106 (5.48%) Load Balancing
18 103 (5.33%) Web Development
19 79 (4.09%) OO
19 79 (4.09%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1228 (63.53%) Python
2 838 (43.35%) Java
3 475 (24.57%) Bash Shell
4 441 (22.81%) JavaScript
5 285 (14.74%) Perl
6 261 (13.50%) Go
7 200 (10.35%) Scala
8 194 (10.04%) C#
9 174 (9.00%) PHP
10 173 (8.95%) SQL
11 113 (5.85%) PowerShell
12 83 (4.29%) C++
13 74 (3.83%) Shell Script
14 72 (3.72%) Groovy
15 41 (2.12%) Apple Swift
16 30 (1.55%) Korn
17 29 (1.50%) C
18 24 (1.24%) T-SQL
19 20 (1.03%) PL/SQL
20 17 (0.88%) R
Qualifications
1 230 (11.90%) Security Cleared
2 175 (9.05%) SC Cleared
3 102 (5.28%) Degree
4 52 (2.69%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (1.09%) AWS Certification
5 21 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
6 16 (0.83%) ISEB
7 12 (0.62%) PhD
8 10 (0.52%) DV Cleared
8 10 (0.52%) ISTQB
9 9 (0.47%) CISSP
9 9 (0.47%) RHCE
10 8 (0.41%) CHECK Team Member
10 8 (0.41%) CISM
11 7 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 7 (0.36%) CCSP
11 7 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.26%) BC Cleared
12 5 (0.26%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 149 (7.71%) QA
2 25 (1.29%) Disclosure Scotland
3 15 (0.78%) MiFID
4 14 (0.72%) WCAG
5 13 (0.67%) PCI DSS
6 11 (0.57%) GCP
7 8 (0.41%) EMIR
8 6 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.16%) SLA
10 1 (0.052%) GPG for Computer-Based Electronic Evidence
10 1 (0.052%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.052%) JTAG
10 1 (0.052%) MISRA
System Software
1 456 (23.59%) Docker
2 45 (2.33%) VMware Infrastructure
3 42 (2.17%) Active Directory
4 36 (1.86%) vSphere
5 18 (0.93%) Xen
6 17 (0.88%) etcd
7 16 (0.83%) Virtual Machines
8 14 (0.72%) VirtualBox
9 10 (0.52%) Firmware
10 9 (0.47%) flannel
11 8 (0.41%) KVM
12 7 (0.36%) HDFS
12 7 (0.36%) LXC
13 6 (0.31%) iptables
14 5 (0.26%) GlusterFS
14 5 (0.26%) Postfix
14 5 (0.26%) XenServer
15 4 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 4 (0.21%) Ceph
15 4 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 569 (29.44%) Puppet
2 549 (28.40%) Ansible
3 430 (22.25%) Opscode Chef
4 240 (12.42%) Kubernetes
5 222 (11.48%) Terraform
6 109 (5.64%) logstash
7 96 (4.97%) Kibana
8 60 (3.10%) Nagios
9 55 (2.85%) Packer
10 54 (2.79%) Salt
11 51 (2.64%) Grafana
12 45 (2.33%) HAProxy
12 45 (2.33%) ZABBIX
13 40 (2.07%) Mesos
14 38 (1.97%) Consul
15 28 (1.45%) Graphite
16 20 (1.03%) ITRS Geneos
17 19 (0.98%) Rancher
18 15 (0.78%) Cobbler
18 15 (0.78%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 143 (7.40%) Google
2 135 (6.98%) Red Hat
3 122 (6.31%) VMware
4 110 (5.69%) Oracle
5 95 (4.91%) Microsoft
6 93 (4.81%) Splunk
7 43 (2.22%) IBM
8 34 (1.76%) Rackspace
9 33 (1.71%) Atlassian
10 30 (1.55%) New Relic
10 30 (1.55%) SaltStack
11 21 (1.09%) SAP
12 20 (1.03%) HP
12 20 (1.03%) ServiceNow
13 17 (0.88%) Cisco
14 14 (0.72%) F5
14 14 (0.72%) Nimsoft
14 14 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
15 12 (0.62%) Xamarin
16 11 (0.57%) CA