Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 306 257 178
Rank change year-on-year -49 -79 -1
Contract jobs citing Ruby 660 305 1,369
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.83% 1.03% 1.55%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.08% 2.42% 3.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 473 204 994
10th Percentile £363 £363 £394
25th Percentile £425 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £505 £549
Median % change year-on-year +4.06% -8.02% +5.99%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £600
90th Percentile £663 £638 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £464 £450 £495
% change year-on-year +3.06% -9.09% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 6
10th Percentile " £20.63 £22.75
25th Percentile £51.25 £21.38 £25.00
Median hourly rate £52.50 £22.78 £25.75
Median % change year-on-year +130.52% -11.55% -23.70%
75th Percentile £53.75 £24.18 £27.75
90th Percentile " £24.94 £36.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £22.78 £32.00
% change year-on-year +130.52% -28.83% -5.19%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 31,807 12,585 37,286
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.79% 42.33% 42.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,726 8,808 26,104
10th Percentile £356 £313 £320
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £523 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.18% +2.63% -
75th Percentile £623 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £431 £425
% change year-on-year +4.41% +1.41% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 461 248 642
10th Percentile £16.49 £12.93 £19.18
25th Percentile £25.25 £20.59 £34.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £39.00 £44.96
Median % change year-on-year +15.38% -13.25% +8.25%
75th Percentile £57.82 £47.50 £51.00
90th Percentile £66.75 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year +7.14% -4.55% +4.76%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -84 488 £525 +3.96% 343
London -94 311 £528 -2.31% 191
Work from Home -67 262 £500 +5.26% 81
UK excluding London -110 138 £464 +3.06% 160
North of England -64 53 £500 +11.11% 48
North West -39 35 £505 +8.02% 23
South East -79 25 £450 - 32
East of England -35 16 £475 +46.15% 21
Midlands -67 16 £438 -6.32% 23
Yorkshire -53 13 £513 +13.89% 22
Scotland -72 13 £488 +30.00% 7
South West -37 12 £447 -5.89% 25
West Midlands -60 9 £525 +12.42% 18
East Midlands -29 7 £375 - 5
Wales -21 6 £510 - 3
North East -11 5 £450 -9.73% 3

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 373 (56.52%) Python
2 248 (37.58%) Java
3 240 (36.36%) DevOps
4 238 (36.06%) Agile Software Development
5 218 (33.03%) AWS
6 206 (31.21%) JavaScript
7 204 (30.91%) Ruby on Rails
8 164 (24.85%) Terraform
9 162 (24.55%) Docker
10 156 (23.64%) Linux
11 154 (23.33%) Go
12 152 (23.03%) Kubernetes
13 145 (21.97%) Azure
13 145 (21.97%) Git (software)
14 142 (21.52%) Bash Shell
14 142 (21.52%) Node.js
15 138 (20.91%) Test Automation
15 138 (20.91%) Jenkins
16 137 (20.76%) Ansible
17 129 (19.55%) Social Skills
18 112 (16.97%) Continuous Integration
19 100 (15.15%) GCP
20 97 (14.70%) Microservices
21 96 (14.55%) Scrum
22 95 (14.39%) React
23 90 (13.64%) Infrastructure as Code
23 90 (13.64%) Puppet
24 88 (13.33%) TDD
25 86 (13.03%) HTML
25 86 (13.03%) Software Engineering

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (3.03%) Confluence
1 20 (3.03%) Elasticsearch
2 17 (2.58%) Cloud Foundry
3 12 (1.82%) CMS
4 9 (1.36%) Apache
4 9 (1.36%) JBoss
4 9 (1.36%) nginx
5 8 (1.21%) Apache Spark
5 8 (1.21%) OpenStack
6 6 (0.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 6 (0.91%) Tomcat
7 5 (0.76%) Moodle
7 5 (0.76%) Totara
7 5 (0.76%) Umbraco
8 4 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
8 4 (0.61%) Drupal
8 4 (0.61%) SharePoint
8 4 (0.61%) Traefik
9 3 (0.45%) IBM Domino
9 3 (0.45%) IIS
Applications
1 5 (0.76%) Figma
2 2 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (0.91%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.45%) Magento
4 1 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.15%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 218 (33.03%) AWS
2 145 (21.97%) Azure
3 100 (15.15%) GCP
4 78 (11.82%) GitHub
5 48 (7.27%) SaaS
6 43 (6.52%) PaaS
6 43 (6.52%) Serverless
7 33 (5.00%) IaaS
8 31 (4.70%) AWS CloudFormation
9 25 (3.79%) Cloud Computing
10 23 (3.48%) AWS Lambda
10 23 (3.48%) Datadog
11 21 (3.18%) GitHub Actions
11 21 (3.18%) Heroku
12 18 (2.73%) OpenShift
13 15 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
14 14 (2.12%) Amazon ECS
15 12 (1.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 11 (1.67%) Power Platform
17 9 (1.36%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 24 (3.64%) HTTP
2 20 (3.03%) DNS
3 19 (2.88%) Firewall
4 18 (2.73%) SAN
5 14 (2.12%) TCP/IP
6 13 (1.97%) Internet
7 9 (1.36%) SSL
8 8 (1.21%) IPv4
8 8 (1.21%) LAN
8 8 (1.21%) WAN
9 7 (1.06%) Network Security
10 6 (0.91%) VPN
11 4 (0.61%) HTTPS
11 4 (0.61%) IPsec
11 4 (0.61%) tcpdump
12 3 (0.45%) OpenVPN
13 2 (0.30%) FTP
13 2 (0.30%) iSCSI
13 2 (0.30%) OpenLDAP
13 2 (0.30%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (10.91%) PostgreSQL
2 36 (5.45%) NoSQL
3 33 (5.00%) SQL Server
4 31 (4.70%) MySQL
5 28 (4.24%) MongoDB
6 25 (3.79%) Big Data
7 23 (3.48%) Relational Database
8 15 (2.27%) Redis
9 14 (2.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 14 (2.12%) SQL Server 2016
10 12 (1.82%) Oracle Database
11 11 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
12 10 (1.52%) Hadoop
13 9 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
13 9 (1.36%) SQL Server 2008
13 9 (1.36%) Tableau
14 7 (1.06%) Data Warehouse
14 7 (1.06%) Power BI
14 7 (1.06%) RDBMS
15 6 (0.91%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 145 (21.97%) Git (software)
2 138 (20.91%) Jenkins
3 49 (7.42%) JIRA
4 38 (5.76%) Cucumber
5 34 (5.15%) GitLab
5 34 (5.15%) Maven
6 32 (4.85%) Bitbucket
7 28 (4.24%) RSpec
8 26 (3.94%) CircleCI
9 24 (3.64%) TeamCity
10 23 (3.48%) Selenium
11 21 (3.18%) Subversion
12 20 (3.03%) Gradle
13 19 (2.88%) Bundler
14 18 (2.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 17 (2.58%) Postman
16 16 (2.42%) JUnit
17 15 (2.27%) Capybara
18 14 (2.12%) Artifactory
19 12 (1.82%) Visual Studio
General
1 129 (19.55%) Social Skills
2 79 (11.97%) Finance
3 47 (7.12%) Public Sector
4 31 (4.70%) Banking
5 28 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
6 15 (2.27%) Retail
7 14 (2.12%) Telecoms
8 12 (1.82%) Electronics
8 12 (1.82%) German Language
9 11 (1.67%) Presentation Skills
10 9 (1.36%) Manufacturing
11 8 (1.21%) Advertising
11 8 (1.21%) Marketing
12 7 (1.06%) French Language
13 5 (0.76%) Military
13 5 (0.76%) Police
13 5 (0.76%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.61%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.61%) Legal
14 4 (0.61%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 272 (41.21%) Developer
2 123 (18.64%) DevOps Engineer
3 84 (12.73%) Ruby Developer
4 73 (11.06%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 42 (6.36%) Senior Developer
6 36 (5.45%) Architect
6 36 (5.45%) Ruby Engineer
6 36 (5.45%) Software Engineer
7 29 (4.39%) Full Stack Developer
8 25 (3.79%) Site Reliability Engineer
9 24 (3.64%) Administrator
9 24 (3.64%) AWS Engineer
9 24 (3.64%) Senior Ruby Developer
9 24 (3.64%) Tester
10 23 (3.48%) Site Engineer
11 22 (3.33%) Java Developer
11 22 (3.33%) Systems Administrator
12 21 (3.18%) React Developer
13 18 (2.73%) Cloud Architect
13 18 (2.73%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 204 (30.91%) Ruby on Rails
2 142 (21.52%) Node.js
3 95 (14.39%) React
4 86 (13.03%) HTML
5 75 (11.36%) CSS
5 75 (11.36%) Web Services
6 63 (9.55%) REST
7 61 (9.24%) .NET
8 46 (6.97%) RESTful
9 39 (5.91%) AngularJS
10 30 (4.55%) JSON
11 28 (4.24%) Spring
12 25 (3.79%) Elastic Stack
13 22 (3.33%) XML
14 21 (3.18%) Kafka
15 20 (3.03%) Spring Boot
16 19 (2.88%) HTML5
16 19 (2.88%) SAML
17 18 (2.73%) ASP.NET
17 18 (2.73%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 38 (5.76%) Public Cloud
2 30 (4.55%) Greenfield Project
3 22 (3.33%) Mobile App
3 22 (3.33%) User Experience
4 21 (3.18%) Cloud Native
4 21 (3.18%) Data Centre
4 21 (3.18%) Virtual Team
5 16 (2.42%) Management Information System
6 15 (2.27%) Legacy Systems
6 15 (2.27%) PKI
7 14 (2.12%) Clustering
7 14 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
7 14 (2.12%) Linux Command Line
8 13 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
9 11 (1.67%) Data Protection Act
10 8 (1.21%) Hybrid Cloud
10 8 (1.21%) Private Cloud
11 6 (0.91%) iPad
12 5 (0.76%) Data Structures
12 5 (0.76%) Learning Management System
Operating Systems
1 156 (23.64%) Linux
2 63 (9.55%) Windows
3 51 (7.73%) Unix
4 33 (5.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 21 (3.18%) Android
6 19 (2.88%) Apple iOS
7 12 (1.82%) Mac OS X
8 11 (1.67%) CentOS
8 11 (1.67%) Ubuntu
9 7 (1.06%) Windows Server
10 6 (0.91%) Mac OS
10 6 (0.91%) Solaris
11 5 (0.76%) Kali Linux
12 2 (0.30%) openSUSE
13 1 (0.15%) AIX
13 1 (0.15%) VMS
13 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 240 (36.36%) DevOps
2 238 (36.06%) Agile Software Development
3 138 (20.91%) Test Automation
4 112 (16.97%) Continuous Integration
5 97 (14.70%) Microservices
6 96 (14.55%) Scrum
7 90 (13.64%) Infrastructure as Code
8 88 (13.33%) TDD
9 86 (13.03%) Software Engineering
10 82 (12.42%) Configuration Management
11 69 (10.45%) Problem-Solving
12 66 (10.00%) Full Stack Development
13 48 (7.27%) Computer Science
13 48 (7.27%) Continuous Delivery
14 47 (7.12%) Continuous Deployment
15 42 (6.36%) Front End Development
15 42 (6.36%) SDLC
16 37 (5.61%) Unit Testing
17 35 (5.30%) Migration
17 35 (5.30%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 373 (56.52%) Python
2 248 (37.58%) Java
3 206 (31.21%) JavaScript
4 154 (23.33%) Go
5 142 (21.52%) Bash Shell
6 83 (12.58%) C#
7 81 (12.27%) PHP
8 78 (11.82%) PowerShell
9 72 (10.91%) Perl
10 69 (10.45%) SQL
11 65 (9.85%) Scala
12 47 (7.12%) C++
13 38 (5.76%) Groovy
14 29 (4.39%) TypeScript
15 20 (3.03%) Shell Script
16 18 (2.73%) C
16 18 (2.73%) ES6
17 9 (1.36%) Kotlin
17 9 (1.36%) Objective-C
17 9 (1.36%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 51 (7.73%) Degree
1 51 (7.73%) Security Cleared
2 41 (6.21%) SC Cleared
3 30 (4.55%) Computer Science Degree
4 11 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
5 9 (1.36%) CISSP
6 6 (0.91%) CISM
6 6 (0.91%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.61%) GIAC
7 4 (0.61%) OSCP
8 3 (0.45%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.45%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.45%) EnCE
8 3 (0.45%) GCFE
8 3 (0.45%) GCIA
8 3 (0.45%) GCIH
8 3 (0.45%) GREM
9 2 (0.30%) CEH
9 2 (0.30%) CISMP
9 2 (0.30%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (10.00%) QA
2 12 (1.82%) Accessibility
3 10 (1.52%) WCAG
4 8 (1.21%) GDPR
5 5 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 5 (0.76%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (0.61%) NCSC
6 4 (0.61%) SLA
7 3 (0.45%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.30%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.15%) SOC 1
9 1 (0.15%) SOC 2
System Software
1 162 (24.55%) Docker
2 25 (3.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (1.67%) Active Directory
4 8 (1.21%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.76%) HDFS
6 4 (0.61%) Oracle RAC
6 4 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.45%) iptables
7 3 (0.45%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.30%) Ceph
8 2 (0.30%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.30%) KVM
8 2 (0.30%) NFS
8 2 (0.30%) Platform Symphony
8 2 (0.30%) Xen
9 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.15%) IAG
9 1 (0.15%) LXC
9 1 (0.15%) RHEV
9 1 (0.15%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 164 (24.85%) Terraform
2 152 (23.03%) Kubernetes
3 137 (20.76%) Ansible
4 90 (13.64%) Puppet
5 55 (8.33%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (3.79%) Prometheus
7 24 (3.64%) Packer
8 19 (2.88%) Grafana
9 14 (2.12%) Single Sign-On
10 13 (1.97%) ZABBIX
11 12 (1.82%) Istio
12 11 (1.67%) Kibana
13 10 (1.52%) logstash
14 9 (1.36%) Nagios
15 7 (1.06%) Consul
15 7 (1.06%) linkerd
16 6 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
16 6 (0.91%) SCCM
17 5 (0.76%) Active Directory Federation Services
17 5 (0.76%) QRadar
Vendors
1 61 (9.24%) Google
2 43 (6.52%) VMware
3 41 (6.21%) Oracle
4 40 (6.06%) Microsoft
5 39 (5.91%) Red Hat
6 23 (3.48%) HP
7 22 (3.33%) Atlassian
8 21 (3.18%) Splunk
9 20 (3.03%) Dell
9 20 (3.03%) SAP
10 17 (2.58%) 3PAR
11 16 (2.42%) IBM
12 14 (2.12%) Salesforce.com
13 10 (1.52%) hybris
14 6 (0.91%) Alibaba
14 6 (0.91%) AppDynamics
14 6 (0.91%) Telerik
15 5 (0.76%) PagerDuty
16 4 (0.61%) Automation Anywhere
16 4 (0.61%) UiPath