Period
to 14 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 14 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
14 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 173 179 137
Rank change year-on-year +6 -42 -36
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,241 1,666 2,017
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.57% 1.59% 1.95%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.81% 3.55% 4.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 850 1,072 1,536
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £388 £370
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £488 £470
% change year-on-year -2.56% +3.72% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 5 4
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £35.00 £27.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.29% +28.93% +146.80%
10th Percentile £20.50 £35.00 £16.64
90th Percentile £40.43 £52.25 £40.08
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.25 £35.00 £19.30
% change year-on-year -13.57% +81.39% +75.41%

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,554 46,995 43,374
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.14% 44.79% 42.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,400 33,088 30,453
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £323 £319 £308
90th Percentile £650 £644 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 658 703 777
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +1.27%
10th Percentile £17.24 £16.73 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.35
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +1.27%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 14 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 14 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 14 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 1,176 £525 - 513
London +41 799 £550 - 270
UK excluding London -47 405 £475 -2.56% 288
North of England -1 120 £500 +1.01% 76
South East +7 117 £494 -1.25% 76
South West +11 57 £513 - 33
North West +2 52 £500 - 43
Yorkshire +24 51 £500 +6.67% 29
East of England -7 40 £450 -5.26% 32
Midlands -4 37 £463 +0.54% 25
West Midlands -21 20 £533 +13.30% 13
Scotland -29 20 £450 -6.49% 23
East Midlands +30 17 £400 +3.90% 12
North East +8 17 £444 -9.44% 4
Wales +16 9 £375 -11.76% 10
Northern Ireland -2 5 £300 -33.33% 13

For the 6 months to 14 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 676 (54.47%) Agile Software Development
2 644 (51.89%) Python
3 487 (39.24%) DevOps
4 455 (36.66%) Linux
5 429 (34.57%) AWS
6 407 (32.80%) Java
7 403 (32.47%) JavaScript
8 398 (32.07%) Ruby on Rails
9 281 (22.64%) Test Automation
10 277 (22.32%) Git (software)
11 276 (22.24%) Docker
12 262 (21.11%) Continuous Integration
13 242 (19.50%) TDD
14 241 (19.42%) Bash Shell
15 240 (19.34%) HTML
16 237 (19.10%) Jenkins
17 233 (18.78%) Opscode Chef
18 228 (18.37%) CSS
19 219 (17.65%) Puppet
20 214 (17.24%) Terraform
21 211 (17.00%) Configuration Management
22 199 (16.04%) Node.js
23 197 (15.87%) Ansible
24 190 (15.31%) Kubernetes
25 189 (15.23%) Open Source
26 177 (14.26%) Scrum
27 171 (13.78%) Perl
28 167 (13.46%) Go
29 166 (13.38%) SQL
30 165 (13.30%) Security Cleared

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (5.56%) Elasticsearch
2 50 (4.03%) Confluence
3 37 (2.98%) nginx
4 35 (2.82%) JBoss
4 35 (2.82%) Tomcat
5 31 (2.50%) Apache
6 22 (1.77%) WebLogic
7 17 (1.37%) Apache Spark
8 16 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
9 15 (1.21%) IIS
10 13 (1.05%) OpenStack
11 12 (0.97%) WebSphere
12 10 (0.81%) SAS
13 7 (0.56%) Jetty
13 7 (0.56%) SharePoint
14 6 (0.48%) Mattermost
14 6 (0.48%) Oracle Self-Service HR
15 4 (0.32%) Drupal
15 4 (0.32%) FileNet
16 3 (0.24%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 8 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.081%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.081%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 4 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.24%) CA PPM
2 3 (0.24%) Magento
2 3 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.081%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.081%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 429 (34.57%) AWS
2 125 (10.07%) Azure
3 96 (7.74%) GitHub
4 89 (7.17%) GCP
5 81 (6.53%) Serverless
6 76 (6.12%) AWS CloudFormation
7 61 (4.92%) AWS Lambda
8 55 (4.43%) PaaS
9 44 (3.55%) Amazon S3
9 44 (3.55%) Datadog
10 37 (2.98%) Cloud Computing
11 36 (2.90%) Amazon EC2
12 33 (2.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 27 (2.18%) IaaS
13 27 (2.18%) OpenShift
14 22 (1.77%) Heroku
15 20 (1.61%) Google Analytics
15 20 (1.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 15 (1.21%) CloudFront
17 14 (1.13%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 96 (7.74%) HTTP
2 53 (4.27%) TCP/IP
3 40 (3.22%) Firewall
3 40 (3.22%) SSL
3 40 (3.22%) VPN
4 36 (2.90%) Internet
5 29 (2.34%) DNS
6 14 (1.13%) SSH
7 8 (0.64%) Network Security
8 6 (0.48%) DHCP
9 4 (0.32%) DVB
9 4 (0.32%) IPsec
9 4 (0.32%) Skype
9 4 (0.32%) SMTP
10 3 (0.24%) Cisco Nexus
10 3 (0.24%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.24%) SAN
10 3 (0.24%) SNMP
10 3 (0.24%) VoIP
10 3 (0.24%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 158 (12.73%) PostgreSQL
2 107 (8.62%) MySQL
3 106 (8.54%) MongoDB
4 63 (5.08%) Relational Database
5 61 (4.92%) NoSQL
6 36 (2.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 31 (2.50%) SQL Server
8 28 (2.26%) Amazon RDS
9 26 (2.10%) Hadoop
9 26 (2.10%) Redis
10 25 (2.01%) Big Data
11 15 (1.21%) Neo4j
12 13 (1.05%) Data Warehouse
13 9 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
13 9 (0.73%) Blockchain
13 9 (0.73%) Data Lake
14 8 (0.64%) RDBMS
15 7 (0.56%) Data Mining
16 6 (0.48%) Azure SQL Database
16 6 (0.48%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 277 (22.32%) Git (software)
2 237 (19.10%) Jenkins
3 149 (12.01%) JIRA
4 82 (6.61%) Cucumber
5 69 (5.56%) Selenium
6 49 (3.95%) Sonatype Nexus
7 45 (3.63%) Subversion
8 41 (3.30%) RSpec
9 34 (2.74%) Travis CI
10 29 (2.34%) Vagrant
11 28 (2.26%) Artifactory
12 26 (2.10%) CircleCI
13 25 (2.01%) gulp
14 24 (1.93%) Ant
15 21 (1.69%) GitLab
15 21 (1.69%) IntelliJ
16 20 (1.61%) Gatling
17 18 (1.45%) Grunt
18 16 (1.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 15 (1.21%) Eclipse
General
1 125 (10.07%) Public Sector
2 119 (9.59%) Finance
3 21 (1.69%) Banking
3 21 (1.69%) Marketing
4 18 (1.45%) Legal
4 18 (1.45%) Telecoms
5 12 (0.97%) Advertising
5 12 (0.97%) Manufacturing
6 9 (0.73%) Games
7 8 (0.64%) Electronics
8 7 (0.56%) Law
8 7 (0.56%) Retail
9 5 (0.40%) Back Office
9 5 (0.40%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.40%) Publishing
10 4 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.24%) Aerospace
11 3 (0.24%) Front Office
11 3 (0.24%) Investment Banking
11 3 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 563 (45.37%) Developer
2 231 (18.61%) DevOps Engineer
3 186 (14.99%) Ruby Developer
4 139 (11.20%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 77 (6.20%) Cloud Engineer
6 72 (5.80%) Architect
7 64 (5.16%) AWS Engineer
8 54 (4.35%) Senior Developer
9 48 (3.87%) AWS DevOps
10 43 (3.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 42 (3.38%) Software Engineer
12 40 (3.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 39 (3.14%) Full Stack Developer
13 39 (3.14%) Technical Architect
14 37 (2.98%) Scala Developer
15 32 (2.58%) Software Developer
16 31 (2.50%) Platform Engineer
16 31 (2.50%) Test Engineer
17 30 (2.42%) Java Developer
17 30 (2.42%) Ruby Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 398 (32.07%) Ruby on Rails
2 240 (19.34%) HTML
3 228 (18.37%) CSS
4 199 (16.04%) Node.js
5 131 (10.56%) JSON
6 125 (10.07%) Web Services
7 93 (7.49%) React
8 90 (7.25%) RESTful
9 71 (5.72%) HTML5
10 68 (5.48%) Spring
11 67 (5.40%) REST
12 64 (5.16%) jQuery
13 62 (5.00%) .NET
14 58 (4.67%) AngularJS
15 56 (4.51%) XML
16 54 (4.35%) Django
17 47 (3.79%) CSS3
18 46 (3.71%) Play Framework
19 39 (3.14%) Redux
20 35 (2.82%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 54 (4.35%) User Experience
2 51 (4.11%) Greenfield Project
3 48 (3.87%) Data Centre
4 36 (2.90%) Analytical Skills
5 30 (2.42%) Linux Command Line
6 26 (2.10%) Enterprise Cloud
7 25 (2.01%) Mobile App
8 19 (1.53%) Public Cloud
9 15 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
10 13 (1.05%) Cyberthreat
11 11 (0.89%) BYOD
12 9 (0.73%) Clustering
12 9 (0.73%) Embedded Systems
12 9 (0.73%) PKI
13 8 (0.64%) Algorithms
14 7 (0.56%) Blog
14 7 (0.56%) Derivative
14 7 (0.56%) Enterprise Software
14 7 (0.56%) Private Cloud
15 6 (0.48%) STB
Operating Systems
1 455 (36.66%) Linux
2 126 (10.15%) Windows
3 123 (9.91%) Unix
4 121 (9.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 61 (4.92%) Ubuntu
6 46 (3.71%) Windows Server
7 36 (2.90%) Mac OS X
8 34 (2.74%) Android
9 33 (2.66%) CentOS
10 32 (2.58%) Mac OS
11 30 (2.42%) Apple iOS
12 20 (1.61%) Debian
13 13 (1.05%) openSUSE
14 8 (0.64%) VMS
15 6 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
16 4 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
17 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
18 1 (0.081%) Amazon Linux
18 1 (0.081%) CoreOS
18 1 (0.081%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 676 (54.47%) Agile Software Development
2 487 (39.24%) DevOps
3 281 (22.64%) Test Automation
4 262 (21.11%) Continuous Integration
5 242 (19.50%) TDD
6 211 (17.00%) Configuration Management
7 189 (15.23%) Open Source
8 177 (14.26%) Scrum
9 134 (10.80%) Infrastructure as Code
10 114 (9.19%) Continuous Delivery
11 104 (8.38%) Microservices
12 95 (7.66%) Software Engineering
13 94 (7.57%) Problem-Solving
14 89 (7.17%) Kanban
15 85 (6.85%) Migration
16 79 (6.37%) Front End Development
17 75 (6.04%) Deployment Automation
18 74 (5.96%) Web Development
19 72 (5.80%) BDD
20 64 (5.16%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 644 (51.89%) Python
2 407 (32.80%) Java
3 403 (32.47%) JavaScript
4 241 (19.42%) Bash Shell
5 171 (13.78%) Perl
6 167 (13.46%) Go
7 166 (13.38%) SQL
8 125 (10.07%) C#
9 103 (8.30%) Scala
10 88 (7.09%) PHP
11 87 (7.01%) C++
12 72 (5.80%) PowerShell
13 56 (4.51%) Shell Script
14 50 (4.03%) C
14 50 (4.03%) Groovy
15 32 (2.58%) TypeScript
16 25 (2.01%) ES6
17 23 (1.85%) PL/SQL
18 17 (1.37%) Kotlin
19 16 (1.29%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 165 (13.30%) Security Cleared
2 71 (5.72%) SC Cleared
3 45 (3.63%) Degree
4 44 (3.55%) AWS Certification
4 44 (3.55%) BPSS Clearance
5 33 (2.66%) RHCE
6 25 (2.01%) DV Cleared
7 18 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
8 17 (1.37%) DBS Check
9 16 (1.29%) BC Cleared
10 8 (0.64%) CISA
10 8 (0.64%) CISM
10 8 (0.64%) CISMP
10 8 (0.64%) CISSP
10 8 (0.64%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
10 8 (0.64%) ISSMP
11 6 (0.48%) Postgraduate
12 5 (0.40%) CHECK Team Member
13 4 (0.32%) ISTQB
14 3 (0.24%) LPIC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (5.00%) QA
2 28 (2.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 25 (2.01%) NIST
4 22 (1.77%) PCI DSS
5 15 (1.21%) GDPR
6 13 (1.05%) COBIT
7 12 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 10 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
8 10 (0.81%) NCSC
8 10 (0.81%) SLA
9 8 (0.64%) WCAG
10 4 (0.32%) HIPAA
10 4 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.24%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.16%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 276 (22.24%) Docker
2 27 (2.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (1.45%) Active Directory
4 14 (1.13%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.73%) vSphere
6 6 (0.48%) NFS
7 5 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.40%) VirtualBox
8 4 (0.32%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.32%) Xen
9 3 (0.24%) KVM
9 3 (0.24%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 3 (0.24%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.24%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.16%) vCloud
11 1 (0.081%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.081%) HDFS
11 1 (0.081%) LXC
11 1 (0.081%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.081%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 233 (18.78%) Opscode Chef
2 219 (17.65%) Puppet
3 214 (17.24%) Terraform
4 197 (15.87%) Ansible
5 190 (15.31%) Kubernetes
6 60 (4.83%) Salt
7 33 (2.66%) Nagios
8 32 (2.58%) Suricata
9 25 (2.01%) Kibana
10 23 (1.85%) Packer
11 19 (1.53%) Grafana
12 14 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
13 13 (1.05%) Nessus
14 10 (0.81%) Consul
14 10 (0.81%) logstash
15 9 (0.73%) Rancher
16 8 (0.64%) HP Fortify
17 6 (0.48%) Graphite
17 6 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
17 6 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 113 (9.11%) Google
2 98 (7.90%) Red Hat
3 72 (5.80%) Splunk
4 58 (4.67%) Oracle
5 43 (3.46%) Microsoft
6 41 (3.30%) Qualys
6 41 (3.30%) VMware
7 24 (1.93%) Adobe
8 23 (1.85%) ServiceNow
9 18 (1.45%) Atlassian
10 17 (1.37%) SaltStack
11 16 (1.29%) SAP
12 13 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
12 13 (1.05%) SolarWinds
13 12 (0.97%) NetApp
13 12 (0.97%) New Relic
14 11 (0.89%) EMC
15 9 (0.73%) IBM
15 9 (0.73%) Tableau
15 9 (0.73%) webMethods