Period
to 18 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 116 104 118
Rank change year-on-year -12 +14 -7
Contract jobs citing Ruby 2,099 2,157 2,173
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.10% 2.27% 2.01%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.01% 5.58% 5.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,597 1,633 1,710
UK median daily rate £500 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.11% +2.78% +2.04%
10th Percentile £375 £338 £313
90th Percentile £650 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £448 £404
% change year-on-year +6.15% +10.70% -2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 6
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - £38.75

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,931 38,690 41,618
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.98% 40.64% 38.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,463 26,594 28,327
UK median daily rate £455 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.06% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £275
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £380 £375
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 770 862 1,060
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +13.64%
10th Percentile £16.74 £14.87 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.27
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +11.94%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -18 1,968 £500 +8.11% 704
London -2 1,193 £525 +10.53% 358
UK excluding London -13 875 £475 +6.15% 385
North of England -16 300 £450 +4.65% 121
South East -19 217 £475 +5.56% 94
Yorkshire -22 139 £430 -7.03% 57
North West +24 132 £470 +13.94% 55
South West +19 96 £490 +8.89% 59
East of England -7 91 £475 +5.56% 40
Scotland +38 84 £500 +25.00% 24
Midlands -36 70 £500 +3.09% 31
West Midlands -35 49 £500 - 14
North East -16 27 £365 -5.50% 9
East Midlands -2 18 £480 +20.00% 17
Northern Ireland - 14 £325 - 8
Wales -5 12 £438 -2.78% 8

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 1,399 (66.65%) Python
2 1,112 (52.98%) Agile Software Development
3 999 (47.59%) DevOps
4 864 (41.16%) Linux
5 843 (40.16%) Java
6 778 (37.07%) Amazon AWS
7 735 (35.02%) Jenkins
8 658 (31.35%) Ansible
9 648 (30.87%) Puppet
10 612 (29.16%) Continuous Integration
11 605 (28.82%) Git (software)
12 587 (27.97%) TDD
13 569 (27.11%) Docker
14 561 (26.73%) Bash Shell
15 517 (24.63%) Opscode Chef
16 513 (24.44%) JavaScript
17 495 (23.58%) Configuration Management
18 459 (21.87%) Test Automation
19 378 (18.01%) Open Source
20 360 (17.15%) Finance
21 353 (16.82%) Continuous Delivery
22 351 (16.72%) Perl
22 351 (16.72%) Web Services
23 327 (15.58%) Unix
24 319 (15.20%) Ruby on Rails
24 319 (15.20%) BDD
24 319 (15.20%) Kubernetes
25 298 (14.20%) Scrum
26 293 (13.96%) HTML
27 274 (13.05%) CSS

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (5.96%) Apache
2 116 (5.53%) nginx
3 108 (5.15%) Confluence
4 107 (5.10%) Tomcat
5 95 (4.53%) Elasticsearch
6 84 (4.00%) Cloud Foundry
7 68 (3.24%) JBoss
8 46 (2.19%) WebSphere
9 39 (1.86%) Apache Spark
9 39 (1.86%) OpenStack
10 32 (1.52%) IIS
11 23 (1.10%) WebLogic
12 17 (0.81%) CMS
12 17 (0.81%) Jetty
13 15 (0.71%) WebSphere Application Server
14 13 (0.62%) CloudStack
15 11 (0.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 10 (0.48%) Apache Solr
17 9 (0.43%) Mule
18 7 (0.33%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 8 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.33%) Pipeline Pilot
3 3 (0.14%) HipChat
4 2 (0.095%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.048%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.048%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 27 (1.29%) Payment Gateway
2 16 (0.76%) Magento
3 6 (0.29%) SunGard GMI
4 2 (0.095%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.095%) Relativity
5 1 (0.048%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.048%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.048%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.048%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 778 (37.07%) Amazon AWS
2 224 (10.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 141 (6.72%) GitHub
4 131 (6.24%) Amazon EC2
5 108 (5.15%) PaaS
6 99 (4.72%) Amazon S3
7 95 (4.53%) AWS CloudFormation
8 82 (3.91%) Serverless
9 70 (3.33%) Google Cloud Platform
10 64 (3.05%) OpenShift
11 58 (2.76%) IaaS
12 53 (2.53%) Cloud Computing
13 52 (2.48%) SaaS
14 46 (2.19%) AWS Lambda
15 40 (1.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 35 (1.67%) Route 53
17 32 (1.52%) Amazon ELB
18 24 (1.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 22 (1.05%) Amazon SQS
20 15 (0.71%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 161 (7.67%) TCP/IP
2 156 (7.43%) HTTP
3 131 (6.24%) Firewall
4 91 (4.34%) SSL
5 82 (3.91%) DNS
6 55 (2.62%) Internet
7 37 (1.76%) SAN
8 32 (1.52%) VPN
9 29 (1.38%) SMS
10 28 (1.33%) Network Security
11 20 (0.95%) DHCP
12 15 (0.71%) BIG-IP
13 13 (0.62%) ICMP
14 12 (0.57%) AMQP
15 11 (0.52%) LAN
15 11 (0.52%) NAS
15 11 (0.52%) WAN
16 10 (0.48%) IPsec
17 9 (0.43%) VLAN
18 8 (0.38%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 219 (10.43%) NoSQL
2 218 (10.39%) MySQL
2 218 (10.39%) PostgreSQL
3 196 (9.34%) MongoDB
4 126 (6.00%) Relational Database
5 114 (5.43%) Redis
6 81 (3.86%) SQL Server
7 74 (3.53%) Big Data
8 71 (3.38%) Hadoop
9 66 (3.14%) Apache Cassandra
10 65 (3.10%) Amazon RDS
11 37 (1.76%) RDBMS
12 29 (1.38%) Oracle Database
13 24 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 17 (0.81%) Riak
15 16 (0.76%) Couchbase
16 14 (0.67%) Neo4j
17 11 (0.52%) Amazon Redshift
17 11 (0.52%) Power BI
18 10 (0.48%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 735 (35.02%) Jenkins
2 605 (28.82%) Git (software)
3 250 (11.91%) Cucumber
4 246 (11.72%) JIRA
5 220 (10.48%) Selenium
6 137 (6.53%) Maven
7 129 (6.15%) Sonatype Nexus
8 128 (6.10%) TeamCity
9 114 (5.43%) Subversion
10 88 (4.19%) JUnit
11 80 (3.81%) Artifactory
12 69 (3.29%) WebDriver
13 68 (3.24%) Appium
14 65 (3.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 60 (2.86%) Calabash
16 51 (2.43%) RSpec
16 51 (2.43%) Vagrant
17 49 (2.33%) Gradle
18 47 (2.24%) Ant
19 44 (2.10%) JMeter
General
1 360 (17.15%) Finance
2 170 (8.10%) Banking
3 40 (1.91%) Retail
4 32 (1.52%) Games
5 29 (1.38%) Marketing
6 27 (1.29%) Investment Banking
7 25 (1.19%) Law
8 22 (1.05%) Front Office
9 20 (0.95%) Telecoms
10 16 (0.76%) Financial Institution
11 13 (0.62%) Retail Banking
12 11 (0.52%) Automotive
13 10 (0.48%) Publishing
14 9 (0.43%) Advertising
14 9 (0.43%) Back Office
15 8 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.33%) Electronics
16 7 (0.33%) Manufacturing
17 5 (0.24%) Digital Economy
18 4 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 647 (30.82%) Developer
2 619 (29.49%) DevOps Engineer
3 237 (11.29%) AWS Engineer
4 196 (9.34%) AWS DevOps
5 178 (8.48%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 156 (7.43%) Ruby Developer
7 132 (6.29%) Java Developer
8 129 (6.15%) Cloud Engineer
9 123 (5.86%) Architect
10 121 (5.76%) Ruby on Rails Developer
11 117 (5.57%) Senior Developer
12 102 (4.86%) Linux Engineer
13 93 (4.43%) Tester
14 86 (4.10%) Ruby Engineer
15 82 (3.91%) Senior DevOps
16 71 (3.38%) Linux/Unix DevOps
17 69 (3.29%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 65 (3.10%) Automation Tester
19 60 (2.86%) Kubernetes Engineer
20 58 (2.76%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 351 (16.72%) Web Services
2 319 (15.20%) Ruby on Rails
3 293 (13.96%) HTML
4 274 (13.05%) CSS
5 245 (11.67%) Node.js
6 179 (8.53%) JSON
7 171 (8.15%) RESTful
8 149 (7.10%) React
9 148 (7.05%) REST
10 130 (6.19%) HTML5
11 129 (6.15%) Spring
12 124 (5.91%) .NET
13 119 (5.67%) Elastic Stack
14 99 (4.72%) AngularJS
14 99 (4.72%) XML
15 96 (4.57%) CSS3
16 82 (3.91%) jQuery
17 78 (3.72%) Ajax
18 71 (3.38%) Play Framework
19 67 (3.19%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 83 (3.95%) Analytical Skills
2 75 (3.57%) Mobile App
3 73 (3.48%) Public Cloud
4 72 (3.43%) Greenfield Project
5 61 (2.91%) Computer Science
6 55 (2.62%) Linux Command Line
7 45 (2.14%) Fintech
8 44 (2.10%) iPad
9 40 (1.91%) User Experience
9 40 (1.91%) Virtual Team
10 36 (1.72%) Data Centre
11 33 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
11 33 (1.57%) Private Cloud
12 30 (1.43%) Enterprise Cloud
12 30 (1.43%) Enterprise Software
13 18 (0.86%) Management Information System
14 17 (0.81%) Cloud Native
14 17 (0.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 15 (0.71%) Video on Demand
16 12 (0.57%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 864 (41.16%) Linux
2 327 (15.58%) Unix
3 233 (11.10%) Windows
4 222 (10.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 88 (4.19%) CentOS
6 54 (2.57%) Ubuntu
7 49 (2.33%) Mac OS X
8 47 (2.24%) Apple iOS
9 41 (1.95%) Android
10 39 (1.86%) Windows Server
11 28 (1.33%) AIX
11 28 (1.33%) Solaris
12 27 (1.29%) Mac OS
12 27 (1.29%) Windows Server 2008
13 24 (1.14%) Windows Server 2012
14 21 (1.00%) CoreOS
15 19 (0.91%) Debian
16 4 (0.19%) Fedora
17 2 (0.095%) DC/OS
17 2 (0.095%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,112 (52.98%) Agile Software Development
2 999 (47.59%) DevOps
3 612 (29.16%) Continuous Integration
4 587 (27.97%) TDD
5 495 (23.58%) Configuration Management
6 459 (21.87%) Test Automation
7 378 (18.01%) Open Source
8 353 (16.82%) Continuous Delivery
9 319 (15.20%) BDD
10 298 (14.20%) Scrum
11 181 (8.62%) Mentoring
12 173 (8.24%) Software Engineering
13 164 (7.81%) Kanban
14 161 (7.67%) Microservices
15 151 (7.19%) E-Commerce
16 100 (4.76%) Pair Programming
17 93 (4.43%) OO
18 90 (4.29%) Load Balancing
19 87 (4.14%) Front End Development
20 86 (4.10%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,399 (66.65%) Python
2 843 (40.16%) Java
3 561 (26.73%) Bash Shell
4 513 (24.44%) JavaScript
5 351 (16.72%) Perl
6 234 (11.15%) Go
7 230 (10.96%) C#
8 210 (10.00%) PHP
9 187 (8.91%) SQL
10 178 (8.48%) Scala
11 171 (8.15%) Groovy
12 156 (7.43%) PowerShell
13 97 (4.62%) Shell Script
14 95 (4.53%) C++
15 50 (2.38%) Apple Swift
16 38 (1.81%) C
17 25 (1.19%) Korn
18 19 (0.91%) ES6
18 19 (0.91%) T-SQL
19 18 (0.86%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 221 (10.53%) Security Cleared
2 174 (8.29%) SC Cleared
3 90 (4.29%) Degree
4 41 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.33%) AWS Certification
5 28 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (0.62%) Master's Degree
7 12 (0.57%) DV Cleared
8 11 (0.52%) CISM
8 11 (0.52%) CISSP
9 10 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
9 10 (0.48%) ISEB
9 10 (0.48%) PhD
10 9 (0.43%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 8 (0.38%) CCSP
11 8 (0.38%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.38%) RHCE
12 5 (0.24%) CHECK Team Member
12 5 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.19%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 162 (7.72%) QA
2 21 (1.00%) GCP
3 18 (0.86%) Disclosure Scotland
3 18 (0.86%) PCI DSS
4 15 (0.71%) MiFID
5 10 (0.48%) WCAG
6 8 (0.38%) EMIR
7 7 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.29%) GAAP
9 3 (0.14%) SLA
10 1 (0.048%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.048%) GDPR
10 1 (0.048%) GPG for Computer-Based Electronic Evidence
System Software
1 569 (27.11%) Docker
2 52 (2.48%) Active Directory
3 47 (2.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (1.67%) vSphere
5 26 (1.24%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (0.62%) Firmware
7 10 (0.48%) Postfix
7 10 (0.48%) vCloud
7 10 (0.48%) Xen
8 9 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.43%) etcd
8 9 (0.43%) iptables
8 9 (0.43%) NFS
9 8 (0.38%) HDFS
10 7 (0.33%) KVM
10 7 (0.33%) LXC
10 7 (0.33%) VirtualBox
11 6 (0.29%) Sendmail
11 6 (0.29%) Squid
12 4 (0.19%) Samba
Systems Management
1 658 (31.35%) Ansible
2 648 (30.87%) Puppet
3 517 (24.63%) Opscode Chef
4 319 (15.20%) Kubernetes
5 270 (12.86%) Terraform
6 79 (3.76%) Kibana
7 76 (3.62%) Nagios
8 68 (3.24%) logstash
8 68 (3.24%) Packer
9 61 (2.91%) Grafana
10 46 (2.19%) Mesos
11 45 (2.14%) Salt
12 43 (2.05%) Consul
12 43 (2.05%) ZABBIX
13 40 (1.91%) Docker Swarm
14 38 (1.81%) HAProxy
15 34 (1.62%) Rancher
16 28 (1.33%) ITRS Geneos
17 24 (1.14%) Graphite
18 17 (0.81%) Cobbler
Vendors
1 177 (8.43%) Red Hat
2 143 (6.81%) Splunk
3 124 (5.91%) Oracle
4 121 (5.76%) Google
5 99 (4.72%) Microsoft
6 94 (4.48%) VMware
7 50 (2.38%) IBM
8 47 (2.24%) New Relic
9 44 (2.10%) Atlassian
10 40 (1.91%) SaltStack
11 37 (1.76%) AppDynamics
12 24 (1.14%) Qualys
13 21 (1.00%) F5
14 19 (0.91%) HP
15 18 (0.86%) Cisco
16 17 (0.81%) ServiceNow
17 16 (0.76%) Rackspace
18 15 (0.71%) CA
19 14 (0.67%) Adobe
20 13 (0.62%) hybris