Period
to 27 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 27 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
27 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 178 125 104
Rank change year-on-year -53 -21 +2
Contract jobs citing Ruby 1,428 2,046 2,093
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.58% 2.03% 2.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.68% 4.72% 5.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 983 1,445 1,565
UK median daily rate £530 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £400 £369 £350
90th Percentile £675 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 10 2
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £48.75 £52.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% -7.14% +38.16%
10th Percentile £38.50 £12.50 £41.13
90th Percentile £66.50 £73.88 £64.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 -
% change year-on-year -12.50% - -

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38,851 43,379 37,759
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.85% 43.05% 41.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,917 30,326 25,896
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +7.56% +2.99%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £403 £388
% change year-on-year +5.59% +3.87% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 679 787 815
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% -3.61% +7.79%
10th Percentile £18.00 £16.82 £16.70
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £55.70
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £41.13
% change year-on-year +8.75% -2.74% +6.82%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 27 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 27 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -57 1,338 £544 +8.85% 294
London -31 827 £550 +4.76% 151
UK excluding London -58 581 £500 +5.26% 164
North of England -42 187 £525 +22.88% 67
South East -87 119 £450 -5.26% 31
South West -13 100 £550 +12.24% 18
Yorkshire -4 99 £525 +23.53% 17
North West -51 63 £475 +4.11% 46
Scotland +14 54 £450 -10.00% 12
East of England -11 54 £450 -5.26% 15
Midlands -1 51 £489 -2.25% 12
West Midlands -13 28 £500 -3.85% 6
North East -3 25 £525 +45.83% 4
East Midlands +29 23 £488 +2.63% 6
Wales -2 16 £425 -21.30% 5
Isle of Man - 2 - -
Northern Ireland +9 1 £425 +30.77% 4

For the 6 months to 27 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 894 (62.61%) Python
2 751 (52.59%) Agile Software Development
3 663 (46.43%) DevOps
4 609 (42.65%) Linux
5 573 (40.13%) Java
6 506 (35.43%) Amazon AWS
7 467 (32.70%) Jenkins
8 461 (32.28%) JavaScript
9 455 (31.86%) Git (software)
10 426 (29.83%) Docker
11 410 (28.71%) Ansible
12 396 (27.73%) Continuous Integration
13 361 (25.28%) Ruby on Rails
14 356 (24.93%) TDD
15 350 (24.51%) Puppet
16 333 (23.32%) Configuration Management
17 330 (23.11%) Test Automation
18 310 (21.71%) Kubernetes
19 307 (21.50%) Bash Shell
20 277 (19.40%) Terraform
21 252 (17.65%) Microsoft Azure
22 245 (17.16%) Opscode Chef
23 243 (17.02%) HTML
24 232 (16.25%) Scrum
25 226 (15.83%) CSS
26 220 (15.41%) Perl
27 212 (14.85%) Node.js
28 211 (14.78%) SQL
29 204 (14.29%) JIRA
30 200 (14.01%) Go

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 111 (7.77%) nginx
2 105 (7.35%) Confluence
3 95 (6.65%) Apache
4 77 (5.39%) Tomcat
5 68 (4.76%) Elasticsearch
6 63 (4.41%) Cloud Foundry
7 41 (2.87%) Apache Spark
7 41 (2.87%) JBoss
8 30 (2.10%) WebSphere
9 25 (1.75%) IIS
9 25 (1.75%) WebLogic
10 22 (1.54%) OpenStack
11 15 (1.05%) SAS
12 10 (0.70%) CMS
13 8 (0.56%) Jetty
14 7 (0.49%) lighttpd
15 6 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 6 (0.42%) Drupal
15 6 (0.42%) Tuxedo
16 5 (0.35%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 6 (0.42%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.28%) Adobe XD
2 4 (0.28%) InVision
2 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.28%) Zeplin
3 1 (0.070%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 11 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.28%) Magento
3 3 (0.21%) Eloqua
4 2 (0.14%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.070%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 1 (0.070%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.070%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.070%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.070%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 506 (35.43%) Amazon AWS
2 252 (17.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 142 (9.94%) GitHub
4 133 (9.31%) Google Cloud Platform
5 81 (5.67%) AWS CloudFormation
6 71 (4.97%) Serverless
7 56 (3.92%) Amazon EC2
7 56 (3.92%) PaaS
8 52 (3.64%) Cloud Computing
9 42 (2.94%) AWS Lambda
9 42 (2.94%) OpenShift
10 41 (2.87%) Amazon S3
11 39 (2.73%) IaaS
12 35 (2.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 31 (2.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 29 (2.03%) Datadog
14 29 (2.03%) Google Analytics
15 24 (1.68%) npm
16 20 (1.40%) Amazon Kinesis
17 14 (0.98%) Quay.io
Communications & Networking
1 135 (9.45%) HTTP
2 72 (5.04%) TCP/IP
3 60 (4.20%) SSL
4 46 (3.22%) Firewall
5 36 (2.52%) DNS
6 27 (1.89%) Internet
7 15 (1.05%) FTP
8 10 (0.70%) VPN
9 9 (0.63%) Broadband
9 9 (0.63%) SSH
10 8 (0.56%) SMTP
11 7 (0.49%) AMQP
12 6 (0.42%) DHCP
12 6 (0.42%) IMAP
13 5 (0.35%) tcpdump
13 5 (0.35%) VLAN
13 5 (0.35%) VoIP
14 4 (0.28%) IPsec
14 4 (0.28%) Kerberos
14 4 (0.28%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 191 (13.38%) PostgreSQL
2 161 (11.27%) NoSQL
3 129 (9.03%) MongoDB
4 119 (8.33%) MySQL
5 100 (7.00%) Relational Database
6 75 (5.25%) Big Data
7 56 (3.92%) SQL Server
8 51 (3.57%) Hadoop
9 38 (2.66%) Redis
10 31 (2.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 29 (2.03%) RDBMS
12 19 (1.33%) Apache Hive
13 17 (1.19%) HBase
14 16 (1.12%) Data Warehouse
15 13 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
16 12 (0.84%) Apache Cassandra
17 9 (0.63%) Ingres
17 9 (0.63%) Oracle Database
18 8 (0.56%) Amazon Athena
19 7 (0.49%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 467 (32.70%) Jenkins
2 455 (31.86%) Git (software)
3 204 (14.29%) JIRA
4 101 (7.07%) Selenium
5 91 (6.37%) JUnit
6 82 (5.74%) Cucumber
7 78 (5.46%) Subversion
8 76 (5.32%) Artifactory
8 76 (5.32%) GitLab
9 62 (4.34%) TeamCity
10 60 (4.20%) Maven
11 59 (4.13%) Sonatype Nexus
12 54 (3.78%) gulp
13 42 (2.94%) Ant
14 37 (2.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 36 (2.52%) Gradle
16 35 (2.45%) Hudson
17 34 (2.38%) Bitbucket
17 34 (2.38%) IntelliJ
18 32 (2.24%) GoCD
General
1 140 (9.80%) Finance
2 47 (3.29%) Banking
3 35 (2.45%) Retail
4 26 (1.82%) Telecoms
5 23 (1.61%) Marketing
6 13 (0.91%) Games
6 13 (0.91%) Manufacturing
7 11 (0.77%) Advertising
7 11 (0.77%) Electronics
8 10 (0.70%) Law
9 9 (0.63%) Legal
10 7 (0.49%) Financial Institution
11 6 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
12 5 (0.35%) German Language
13 4 (0.28%) Publishing
14 3 (0.21%) Back Office
15 2 (0.14%) Investment Banking
15 2 (0.14%) Military
15 2 (0.14%) Private Banking
16 1 (0.070%) Billing
Job Titles
1 556 (38.94%) Developer
2 352 (24.65%) DevOps Engineer
3 201 (14.08%) Ruby Developer
4 111 (7.77%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 102 (7.14%) Architect
6 98 (6.86%) AWS Engineer
7 85 (5.95%) AWS DevOps
8 76 (5.32%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 68 (4.76%) Java Developer
10 64 (4.48%) Scala Developer
11 62 (4.34%) Senior Developer
12 61 (4.27%) Technical Architect
13 53 (3.71%) Senior DevOps
14 51 (3.57%) Cloud Engineer
14 51 (3.57%) Python Developer
15 47 (3.29%) Senior Ruby Developer
16 43 (3.01%) Agile Developer
17 39 (2.73%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 36 (2.52%) Ruby Engineer
19 35 (2.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 361 (25.28%) Ruby on Rails
2 243 (17.02%) HTML
3 226 (15.83%) CSS
4 212 (14.85%) Node.js
5 136 (9.52%) Web Services
6 133 (9.31%) REST
6 133 (9.31%) RESTful
7 117 (8.19%) Spring
8 116 (8.12%) JSON
9 113 (7.91%) .NET
10 105 (7.35%) React
11 79 (5.53%) AngularJS
12 76 (5.32%) Play Framework
13 75 (5.25%) Elastic Stack
13 75 (5.25%) HTML5
14 74 (5.18%) jQuery
15 73 (5.11%) Kafka
16 69 (4.83%) SOAP
17 68 (4.76%) XML
18 57 (3.99%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 62 (4.34%) Greenfield Project
2 57 (3.99%) Fintech
3 44 (3.08%) User Experience
4 42 (2.94%) Public Cloud
5 33 (2.31%) Hybrid Cloud
6 32 (2.24%) Mobile App
7 30 (2.10%) Data Centre
8 27 (1.89%) Analytical Skills
9 25 (1.75%) Linux Command Line
10 15 (1.05%) Management Information System
11 14 (0.98%) Cloud Native
11 14 (0.98%) Self-Motivation
12 11 (0.77%) iSeries
12 11 (0.77%) Mainframe
13 10 (0.70%) Enterprise Software
13 10 (0.70%) FMCG
14 9 (0.63%) PKI
14 9 (0.63%) Private Cloud
15 7 (0.49%) Replication
16 6 (0.42%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 609 (42.65%) Linux
2 189 (13.24%) Windows
3 163 (11.41%) Unix
4 106 (7.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 62 (4.34%) Ubuntu
6 41 (2.87%) Mac OS X
7 36 (2.52%) CentOS
8 26 (1.82%) Android
9 24 (1.68%) Apple iOS
10 22 (1.54%) CoreOS
11 19 (1.33%) Windows Server
12 8 (0.56%) Debian
12 8 (0.56%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.42%) Fedora
13 6 (0.42%) Solaris
14 4 (0.28%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.21%) FreeBSD
15 3 (0.21%) Kali Linux
16 1 (0.070%) Windows Server 2003
16 1 (0.070%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 751 (52.59%) Agile Software Development
2 663 (46.43%) DevOps
3 396 (27.73%) Continuous Integration
4 356 (24.93%) TDD
5 333 (23.32%) Configuration Management
6 330 (23.11%) Test Automation
7 232 (16.25%) Scrum
8 194 (13.59%) Open Source
9 160 (11.20%) Continuous Deployment
10 145 (10.15%) Problem-Solving
11 128 (8.96%) Software Engineering
12 126 (8.82%) Continuous Delivery
13 122 (8.54%) Kanban
14 119 (8.33%) Microservices
15 116 (8.12%) Web Development
16 115 (8.05%) BDD
17 113 (7.91%) Deployment Automation
18 102 (7.14%) Infrastructure as Code
19 96 (6.72%) Migration
20 78 (5.46%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 894 (62.61%) Python
2 573 (40.13%) Java
3 461 (32.28%) JavaScript
4 307 (21.50%) Bash Shell
5 220 (15.41%) Perl
6 211 (14.78%) SQL
7 200 (14.01%) Go
8 186 (13.03%) Scala
9 141 (9.87%) C#
10 97 (6.79%) C++
11 96 (6.72%) Groovy
12 94 (6.58%) PowerShell
13 83 (5.81%) Shell Script
14 80 (5.60%) PHP
15 46 (3.22%) C
16 33 (2.31%) Java 8
17 27 (1.89%) Haskell
18 20 (1.40%) TypeScript
19 15 (1.05%) ES6
20 14 (0.98%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 144 (10.08%) Security Cleared
2 102 (7.14%) SC Cleared
3 72 (5.04%) BPSS Clearance
4 48 (3.36%) Degree
5 35 (2.45%) AWS Certification
6 28 (1.96%) Computer Science Degree
7 25 (1.75%) DV Cleared
8 18 (1.26%) RHCE
9 17 (1.19%) DBS Check
10 14 (0.98%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 7 (0.49%) CHECK Team Member
11 7 (0.49%) ISTQB
12 5 (0.35%) CREST Certified
12 5 (0.35%) ISEB
13 4 (0.28%) OSCP
14 3 (0.21%) BC Cleared
14 3 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
14 3 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
14 3 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 2 (0.14%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (3.57%) QA
2 13 (0.91%) Disclosure Scotland
3 8 (0.56%) GDPR
4 4 (0.28%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.28%) HIPAA
4 4 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.14%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.14%) SLA
6 1 (0.070%) COBIT
6 1 (0.070%) IFRS
6 1 (0.070%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.070%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.070%) Section 508
System Software
1 426 (29.83%) Docker
2 40 (2.80%) Active Directory
3 31 (2.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (2.03%) Virtual Machines
5 19 (1.33%) etcd
6 17 (1.19%) flannel
6 17 (1.19%) SkyDNS
7 15 (1.05%) Ceph
8 14 (0.98%) GlusterFS
9 13 (0.91%) KVM
10 8 (0.56%) Apache Flume
10 8 (0.56%) HDFS
10 8 (0.56%) Squid
11 6 (0.42%) Virtual Desktop
11 6 (0.42%) Xen
12 4 (0.28%) Varnish
12 4 (0.28%) VirtualBox
13 3 (0.21%) Hyper-V
14 2 (0.14%) Snort
14 2 (0.14%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 410 (28.71%) Ansible
2 350 (24.51%) Puppet
3 310 (21.71%) Kubernetes
4 277 (19.40%) Terraform
5 245 (17.16%) Opscode Chef
6 56 (3.92%) Kibana
7 45 (3.15%) Graphite
8 41 (2.87%) Prometheus
9 38 (2.66%) Grafana
10 33 (2.31%) HAProxy
10 33 (2.31%) Packer
11 30 (2.10%) Nagios
12 28 (1.96%) Docker Swarm
12 28 (1.96%) ZABBIX
13 27 (1.89%) logstash
14 25 (1.75%) Salt
14 25 (1.75%) Sysdig
15 22 (1.54%) Rundeck
16 20 (1.40%) rkt
17 19 (1.33%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 146 (10.22%) Google
2 81 (5.67%) Red Hat
3 78 (5.46%) Microsoft
4 73 (5.11%) Oracle
5 61 (4.27%) Atlassian
6 58 (4.06%) Splunk
7 57 (3.99%) VMware
8 48 (3.36%) SaltStack
9 32 (2.24%) NetApp
10 30 (2.10%) Adobe
11 23 (1.61%) EMC
12 22 (1.54%) New Relic
13 20 (1.40%) TOWER Software
14 19 (1.33%) Qualys
15 18 (1.26%) SAP
15 18 (1.26%) webMethods
16 13 (0.91%) Facebook
16 13 (0.91%) Tableau
17 11 (0.77%) AppDynamics
17 11 (0.77%) ServiceNow