Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 183 183 116
Rank change year-on-year 0 -67 -14
Contract jobs citing Ruby 873 1,546 2,183
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.44% 1.60% 2.16%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.56% 3.70% 5.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 665 1,092 1,639
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £363 £388 £369
90th Percentile £650 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £495 £475
% change year-on-year -4.04% +4.21% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 7
Median hourly rate £20.50 £70.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -70.71% +100.00% -33.33%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 - £40.00

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 24,544 41,755 43,269
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.52% 43.13% 42.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,557 29,136 30,316
Median daily rate £480 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 564 694 780
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £17.55 £16.29
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £51.35
Median hourly rate £39.77 £42.63 £40.00
% change year-on-year -6.70% +6.56% -

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 822 £525 - 306
London +12 525 £550 - 173
UK excluding London -30 330 £475 -4.04% 150
North of England +3 124 £475 -5.00% 46
South East +60 78 £475 +5.56% 39
North West +45 70 £500 +8.11% 36
Work from Home -6 46 £500 - 52
South West -21 38 £463 -15.84% 20
Yorkshire -3 36 £475 -9.52% 7
East of England +6 24 £476 +5.67% 11
Midlands +10 23 £436 -10.51% 16
Scotland -4 23 £450 - 11
North East +8 18 £360 -27.93% 3
West Midlands +32 15 £436 -12.75% 13
Northern Ireland +22 10 £300 -33.33% 1
Wales +14 10 £438 +2.94% 6
East Midlands +19 8 - - 3

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 442 (50.63%) Agile Software Development
2 395 (45.25%) Python
3 340 (38.95%) DevOps
4 332 (38.03%) Ruby on Rails
5 294 (33.68%) AWS
6 290 (33.22%) JavaScript
7 251 (28.75%) Java
8 219 (25.09%) Linux
9 196 (22.45%) Docker
10 179 (20.50%) Terraform
11 173 (19.82%) Test Automation
12 170 (19.47%) TDD
13 164 (18.79%) Git (software)
13 164 (18.79%) Ansible
14 163 (18.67%) Kubernetes
15 157 (17.98%) Continuous Integration
15 157 (17.98%) CSS
16 152 (17.41%) HTML
17 137 (15.69%) Jenkins
18 132 (15.12%) Opscode Chef
19 129 (14.78%) Puppet
20 128 (14.66%) Bash Shell
21 121 (13.86%) PostgreSQL
22 120 (13.75%) Configuration Management
23 115 (13.17%) SQL
24 114 (13.06%) Go
25 110 (12.60%) Open Source
26 104 (11.91%) Infrastructure as Code
27 101 (11.57%) Azure
28 97 (11.11%) Node.js

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (6.53%) Elasticsearch
2 35 (4.01%) Apache Spark
3 24 (2.75%) Apache
4 22 (2.52%) Confluence
5 21 (2.41%) Tomcat
6 19 (2.18%) nginx
7 11 (1.26%) WebSphere
8 7 (0.80%) OpenStack
8 7 (0.80%) SAS
9 6 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
9 6 (0.69%) IIS
9 6 (0.69%) JBoss
9 6 (0.69%) WebLogic
9 6 (0.69%) WinCC
10 4 (0.46%) FileNet
11 3 (0.34%) CMS
11 3 (0.34%) Drupal
11 3 (0.34%) SharePoint
12 2 (0.23%) Jetty
12 2 (0.23%) WordPress
Applications
1 6 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.46%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 2 (0.23%) Sketch
5 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 3 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.23%) Shopify
3 1 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.11%) Magento
3 1 (0.11%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 294 (33.68%) AWS
2 101 (11.57%) Azure
3 86 (9.85%) GitHub
4 64 (7.33%) Serverless
5 52 (5.96%) AWS Lambda
6 51 (5.84%) GCP
7 48 (5.50%) AWS CloudFormation
8 43 (4.93%) PaaS
9 38 (4.35%) Amazon EC2
10 34 (3.89%) Amazon S3
11 23 (2.63%) Cloud Computing
12 20 (2.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 19 (2.18%) IaaS
13 19 (2.18%) OpenShift
14 18 (2.06%) Heroku
14 18 (2.06%) SaaS
15 16 (1.83%) Datadog
15 16 (1.83%) Route 53
16 12 (1.37%) Amazon SQS
17 10 (1.15%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 53 (6.07%) HTTP
2 29 (3.32%) DNS
3 26 (2.98%) TCP/IP
4 23 (2.63%) SSL
5 18 (2.06%) Firewall
6 13 (1.49%) VPN
7 11 (1.26%) Internet
8 8 (0.92%) Kerberos
9 7 (0.80%) Skype
10 5 (0.57%) SSH
11 4 (0.46%) HTTPS
11 4 (0.46%) Network Security
11 4 (0.46%) SAN
12 3 (0.34%) IPsec
12 3 (0.34%) MPLS
12 3 (0.34%) SMTP
12 3 (0.34%) SNMP
13 2 (0.23%) DHCP
13 2 (0.23%) tcpdump
13 2 (0.23%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 121 (13.86%) PostgreSQL
2 69 (7.90%) MySQL
3 64 (7.33%) NoSQL
4 57 (6.53%) MongoDB
5 44 (5.04%) SQL Server
6 42 (4.81%) Redis
7 40 (4.58%) Relational Database
8 34 (3.89%) Big Data
9 25 (2.86%) Hadoop
10 18 (2.06%) Apache Cassandra
11 17 (1.95%) Apache Hive
11 17 (1.95%) HBase
12 16 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
13 13 (1.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 12 (1.37%) Sqoop
15 11 (1.26%) Amazon RDS
16 10 (1.15%) Neo4j
16 10 (1.15%) RDBMS
17 9 (1.03%) Amazon Redshift
17 9 (1.03%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 164 (18.79%) Git (software)
2 137 (15.69%) Jenkins
3 70 (8.02%) JIRA
4 51 (5.84%) RSpec
5 45 (5.15%) Travis CI
6 42 (4.81%) Selenium
7 40 (4.58%) Cucumber
8 23 (2.63%) CircleCI
9 21 (2.41%) TeamCity
10 19 (2.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 19 (2.18%) GitLab
11 16 (1.83%) Subversion
12 13 (1.49%) Bitbucket
12 13 (1.49%) Sonatype Nexus
13 12 (1.37%) gulp
14 11 (1.26%) Grunt
14 11 (1.26%) Mocha
15 9 (1.03%) Ant
15 9 (1.03%) Maven
15 9 (1.03%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 89 (10.19%) Public Sector
2 63 (7.22%) Finance
3 26 (2.98%) Marketing
4 16 (1.83%) Legal
5 13 (1.49%) Banking
5 13 (1.49%) Manufacturing
5 13 (1.49%) Telecoms
6 10 (1.15%) Advertising
6 10 (1.15%) Retail
7 7 (0.80%) Electronics
7 7 (0.80%) Games
7 7 (0.80%) Law
8 4 (0.46%) Back Office
9 3 (0.34%) Publishing
10 2 (0.23%) Automotive
10 2 (0.23%) Front Office
11 1 (0.11%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.11%) Billing
11 1 (0.11%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.11%) Military
Job Titles
1 424 (48.57%) Developer
2 161 (18.44%) DevOps Engineer
3 145 (16.61%) Ruby Developer
4 124 (14.20%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 57 (6.53%) AWS Engineer
6 49 (5.61%) Architect
7 44 (5.04%) Senior Developer
8 43 (4.93%) Platform Engineer
9 41 (4.70%) AWS DevOps
10 40 (4.58%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 34 (3.89%) Senior DevOps
12 33 (3.78%) Cloud Engineer
12 33 (3.78%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 31 (3.55%) Software Engineer
13 31 (3.55%) Technical Architect
14 29 (3.32%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 29 (3.32%) Ruby Engineer
15 27 (3.09%) Full Stack Developer
16 23 (2.63%) Tester
17 21 (2.41%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 332 (38.03%) Ruby on Rails
2 157 (17.98%) CSS
3 152 (17.41%) HTML
4 97 (11.11%) Node.js
5 71 (8.13%) Web Services
6 65 (7.45%) RESTful
7 60 (6.87%) React
8 56 (6.41%) JSON
9 53 (6.07%) REST
10 50 (5.73%) .NET
11 46 (5.27%) XML
12 40 (4.58%) HTML5
13 37 (4.24%) Kafka
13 37 (4.24%) Spring
14 36 (4.12%) Elastic Stack
15 34 (3.89%) AngularJS
15 34 (3.89%) Vue.js
16 33 (3.78%) jQuery
17 32 (3.67%) CSS3
18 30 (3.44%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 38 (4.35%) Greenfield Project
2 34 (3.89%) Analytical Skills
3 33 (3.78%) Data Centre
4 30 (3.44%) User Experience
5 22 (2.52%) Public Cloud
6 20 (2.29%) Linux Command Line
7 17 (1.95%) BYOD
8 10 (1.15%) Private Cloud
8 10 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
9 9 (1.03%) PKI
10 8 (0.92%) Mobile App
11 7 (0.80%) Algorithms
11 7 (0.80%) Cloud Native
11 7 (0.80%) SCADA
12 6 (0.69%) Enterprise Cloud
12 6 (0.69%) Management Information System
13 5 (0.57%) Hybrid Cloud
13 5 (0.57%) Robotics
14 4 (0.46%) Marketing Technology
14 4 (0.46%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 219 (25.09%) Linux
2 71 (8.13%) Windows
3 51 (5.84%) Unix
4 23 (2.63%) Ubuntu
5 21 (2.41%) Windows Server
6 17 (1.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 15 (1.72%) Apple iOS
8 13 (1.49%) Android
8 13 (1.49%) Mac OS X
9 12 (1.37%) CentOS
10 8 (0.92%) Mac OS
10 8 (0.92%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
14 1 (0.11%) Debian
14 1 (0.11%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 442 (50.63%) Agile Software Development
2 340 (38.95%) DevOps
3 173 (19.82%) Test Automation
4 170 (19.47%) TDD
5 157 (17.98%) Continuous Integration
6 120 (13.75%) Configuration Management
7 110 (12.60%) Open Source
8 104 (11.91%) Infrastructure as Code
9 96 (11.00%) Scrum
10 80 (9.16%) Microservices
11 73 (8.36%) Continuous Delivery
12 72 (8.25%) Software Engineering
13 61 (6.99%) Mentoring
14 58 (6.64%) Problem-Solving
15 52 (5.96%) BDD
15 52 (5.96%) Front End Development
16 51 (5.84%) Web Development
17 47 (5.38%) Migration
18 45 (5.15%) Continuous Deployment
19 41 (4.70%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 395 (45.25%) Python
2 290 (33.22%) JavaScript
3 251 (28.75%) Java
4 128 (14.66%) Bash Shell
5 115 (13.17%) SQL
6 114 (13.06%) Go
7 77 (8.82%) Perl
8 75 (8.59%) C#
9 71 (8.13%) Scala
10 63 (7.22%) PowerShell
11 58 (6.64%) C++
11 58 (6.64%) PHP
12 35 (4.01%) C
13 33 (3.78%) Groovy
14 20 (2.29%) Shell Script
15 16 (1.83%) TypeScript
16 14 (1.60%) Haskell
17 11 (1.26%) Elixir
18 9 (1.03%) ES6
18 9 (1.03%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 69 (7.90%) Security Cleared
2 31 (3.55%) SC Cleared
3 24 (2.75%) BPSS Clearance
4 23 (2.63%) Degree
5 19 (2.18%) BC Cleared
6 15 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (0.69%) DBS Check
7 6 (0.69%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.69%) Postgraduate
8 4 (0.46%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.34%) CHECK Team Member
10 2 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.23%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.23%) MCSA
11 1 (0.11%) CCNA
11 1 (0.11%) CCNP
11 1 (0.11%) HND
11 1 (0.11%) MCSD
11 1 (0.11%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (6.53%) QA
2 7 (0.80%) Disclosure Scotland
2 7 (0.80%) NCSC
3 6 (0.69%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.34%) HIPAA
4 3 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.23%) GDPR
5 2 (0.23%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.23%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.23%) WCAG
6 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 196 (22.45%) Docker
2 14 (1.60%) HDFS
3 12 (1.37%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.34%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.23%) NFS
7 2 (0.23%) vSphere
8 1 (0.11%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 1 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 179 (20.50%) Terraform
2 164 (18.79%) Ansible
3 163 (18.67%) Kubernetes
4 132 (15.12%) Opscode Chef
5 129 (14.78%) Puppet
6 32 (3.67%) Nagios
7 24 (2.75%) Salt
8 20 (2.29%) Kibana
9 19 (2.18%) Docker Swarm
10 18 (2.06%) Packer
11 13 (1.49%) Grafana
12 12 (1.37%) Prometheus
13 9 (1.03%) SCCM
14 7 (0.80%) HP SiteScope
14 7 (0.80%) Oozie
15 6 (0.69%) Ambari
15 6 (0.69%) Graphite
15 6 (0.69%) Hadoop YARN
15 6 (0.69%) logstash
15 6 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 63 (7.22%) Google
2 53 (6.07%) Oracle
3 50 (5.73%) Splunk
4 44 (5.04%) Microsoft
5 21 (2.41%) Red Hat
6 16 (1.83%) New Relic
7 14 (1.60%) Salesforce.com
8 11 (1.26%) Atlassian
9 10 (1.15%) SAP
10 9 (1.03%) EnterpriseDB
10 9 (1.03%) Facebook
10 9 (1.03%) VMware
11 8 (0.92%) Lets Encrypt
12 7 (0.80%) Hortonworks
12 7 (0.80%) IBM
12 7 (0.80%) SolarWinds
13 6 (0.69%) CA
13 6 (0.69%) Cloudera
13 6 (0.69%) ServiceNow
13 6 (0.69%) Talend