Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ruby skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ruby over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ruby
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 239 184 186
Rank change year-on-year -55 +2 -63
Contract jobs citing Ruby 570 828 1,494
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.06% 1.44% 1.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.63% 3.56% 3.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 437 652 1,043
10th Percentile £388 £365 £388
25th Percentile £450 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £588 £606 £600
90th Percentile £638 £675 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £500
% change year-on-year - -4.90% +5.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 6 1
Median hourly rate £45.00 £20.50 £70.00
Median % change year-on-year +119.51% -70.71% +43.59%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £20.50 -
% change year-on-year +119.51% - -

Ruby is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 21,714 23,281 41,061
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.54% 40.54% 42.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,278 16,374 28,987
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £400 £400 £394
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £480 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.11% +1.11% +2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -4.49% +4.71% +6.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 460 437 642
10th Percentile £15.46 £17.21 £17.08
25th Percentile £25.00 £22.25 £24.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%
75th Percentile £50.81 £50.00 £48.75
90th Percentile £61.33 £57.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £42.75
% change year-on-year -5.88% -0.58% +6.88%

Ruby
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ruby as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Daily rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ruby over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ruby.

Hourly rate trend for Ruby in the UK

Ruby
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ruby within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -76 452 £500 -4.76% 335
London -82 285 £525 -4.55% 182
Work from Home -132 185 £500 - 111
UK excluding London -56 125 £475 - 184
North of England -14 45 £450 -7.22% 62
North West -17 27 £475 -5.00% 31
South East +10 20 £450 -5.26% 30
Midlands +29 17 £430 -8.99% 32
South West +33 15 £425 -8.19% 10
East of England +29 12 £488 +2.04% 19
Scotland -10 12 £500 +11.11% 19
North East +26 9 £469 +30.21% 7
West Midlands +15 9 £430 -8.99% 23
Yorkshire +7 9 £420 -11.58% 24
East Midlands +21 8 £413 - 9
Wales +13 4 £600 +26.32% 5

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ruby also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ruby.

1 254 (44.56%) Python
2 197 (34.56%) Ruby on Rails
3 194 (34.04%) DevOps
4 180 (31.58%) JavaScript
5 177 (31.05%) Docker
6 175 (30.70%) AWS
7 169 (29.65%) Agile Software Development
8 153 (26.84%) Java
9 139 (24.39%) Go
10 136 (23.86%) Test Automation
11 126 (22.11%) Kubernetes
12 125 (21.93%) Linux
13 109 (19.12%) Node.js
14 107 (18.77%) Terraform
15 104 (18.25%) TDD
16 102 (17.89%) Git (software)
17 101 (17.72%) Continuous Integration
18 100 (17.54%) Azure
19 87 (15.26%) Ansible
20 84 (14.74%) Bash Shell
21 75 (13.16%) Configuration Management
22 74 (12.98%) PowerShell
23 70 (12.28%) PostgreSQL
24 67 (11.75%) Software Engineering
24 67 (11.75%) Puppet
24 67 (11.75%) React
25 66 (11.58%) Jenkins
26 65 (11.40%) Scala
27 64 (11.23%) GitHub
27 64 (11.23%) Public Sector

Ruby
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (5.09%) Elasticsearch
2 22 (3.86%) Confluence
3 17 (2.98%) Cloud Foundry
4 11 (1.93%) Apache
4 11 (1.93%) Tomcat
5 10 (1.75%) SharePoint
6 8 (1.40%) nginx
7 7 (1.23%) OpenStack
8 6 (1.05%) CMS
9 5 (0.88%) JBoss
9 5 (0.88%) WordPress
10 4 (0.70%) Jetty
10 4 (0.70%) MQSeries
10 4 (0.70%) Mule
10 4 (0.70%) Oracle Self-Service HR
10 4 (0.70%) Red Hat Fuse
10 4 (0.70%) WebLogic
11 3 (0.53%) Drupal
11 3 (0.53%) IBM Domino
12 2 (0.35%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 5 (0.88%) Figma
2 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
1 4 (0.70%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 1 (0.18%) Magento
2 1 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 175 (30.70%) AWS
2 100 (17.54%) Azure
3 64 (11.23%) GitHub
4 47 (8.25%) GCP
5 34 (5.96%) PaaS
6 32 (5.61%) Serverless
7 26 (4.56%) SaaS
8 24 (4.21%) AWS Lambda
9 23 (4.04%) Cloud Computing
9 23 (4.04%) OpenShift
10 21 (3.68%) IaaS
11 19 (3.33%) Heroku
12 15 (2.63%) Datadog
13 12 (2.11%) AWS CloudFormation
13 12 (2.11%) Power Platform
14 10 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
14 10 (1.75%) Amazon ECS
15 6 (1.05%) Amazon S3
15 6 (1.05%) Azure Active Directory
16 5 (0.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.33%) Firewall
2 17 (2.98%) HTTP
3 14 (2.46%) Internet
3 14 (2.46%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.88%) DNS
5 4 (0.70%) HTTPS
5 4 (0.70%) SSH
5 4 (0.70%) SSL
5 4 (0.70%) WAN
5 4 (0.70%) Wireshark
6 3 (0.53%) BGP
6 3 (0.53%) Network Security
6 3 (0.53%) OSPF
6 3 (0.53%) tcpdump
6 3 (0.53%) VRRP
6 3 (0.53%) VXLAN
7 2 (0.35%) DMZ
7 2 (0.35%) FTP
7 2 (0.35%) SMTP
7 2 (0.35%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (12.28%) PostgreSQL
2 35 (6.14%) MySQL
3 25 (4.39%) SQL Server
4 24 (4.21%) MongoDB
4 24 (4.21%) Relational Database
5 19 (3.33%) Redis
6 18 (3.16%) NoSQL
7 11 (1.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 9 (1.58%) Amazon Aurora
9 8 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
9 8 (1.40%) Hadoop
9 8 (1.40%) Oracle Database
9 8 (1.40%) Power BI
10 7 (1.23%) Amazon RDS
11 6 (1.05%) Big Data
11 6 (1.05%) Tableau
12 5 (0.88%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (0.88%) SQL Server 2008
13 4 (0.70%) Apache Cassandra
13 4 (0.70%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 102 (17.89%) Git (software)
2 66 (11.58%) Jenkins
3 40 (7.02%) JIRA
4 35 (6.14%) RSpec
5 31 (5.44%) Selenium
6 30 (5.26%) GitLab
7 29 (5.09%) Cucumber
8 22 (3.86%) CircleCI
8 22 (3.86%) IntelliJ
9 21 (3.68%) Subversion
9 21 (3.68%) Visual Studio
10 16 (2.81%) Visual Studio Code
11 14 (2.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 14 (2.46%) Bitbucket
11 14 (2.46%) Gatling
12 13 (2.28%) Maven
13 12 (2.11%) Capybara
13 12 (2.11%) Vagrant
14 11 (1.93%) PyCharm
15 10 (1.75%) Artifactory
General
1 64 (11.23%) Public Sector
2 49 (8.60%) Finance
3 19 (3.33%) Telecoms
4 18 (3.16%) Banking
5 15 (2.63%) Advertising
6 13 (2.28%) Marketing
7 12 (2.11%) Electronics
8 11 (1.93%) Manufacturing
8 11 (1.93%) Retail
9 8 (1.40%) Automotive
10 6 (1.05%) Law
11 5 (0.88%) Retail Banking
12 3 (0.53%) French Language
12 3 (0.53%) German Language
13 2 (0.35%) Investment Banking
13 2 (0.35%) Local Government
13 2 (0.35%) Military
13 2 (0.35%) Police
13 2 (0.35%) Publishing
14 1 (0.18%) Legal
Job Titles
1 265 (46.49%) Developer
2 102 (17.89%) Ruby Developer
3 83 (14.56%) DevOps Engineer
4 66 (11.58%) Ruby on Rails Developer
5 38 (6.67%) Ruby Engineer
6 37 (6.49%) Senior Developer
7 33 (5.79%) Architect
8 29 (5.09%) Software Engineer
9 24 (4.21%) Full Stack Developer
10 22 (3.86%) Site Reliability Engineer
11 21 (3.68%) Tester
12 20 (3.51%) Site Engineer
13 17 (2.98%) Consultant
14 16 (2.81%) AWS Engineer
14 16 (2.81%) React Developer
15 15 (2.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 15 (2.63%) Senior Ruby Developer
16 14 (2.46%) Backend Developer
17 13 (2.28%) Software Developer
18 12 (2.11%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 197 (34.56%) Ruby on Rails
2 109 (19.12%) Node.js
3 67 (11.75%) React
4 51 (8.95%) HTML
5 50 (8.77%) CSS
6 48 (8.42%) REST
6 48 (8.42%) Web Services
7 42 (7.37%) .NET
7 42 (7.37%) RESTful
8 30 (5.26%) AngularJS
9 24 (4.21%) GraphQL
10 23 (4.04%) Elastic Stack
11 22 (3.86%) JSON
12 20 (3.51%) HTML5
12 20 (3.51%) Redux
12 20 (3.51%) Sidekiq
12 20 (3.51%) XML
13 19 (3.33%) jQuery
14 18 (3.16%) Spring
15 16 (2.81%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 24 (4.21%) User Experience
2 23 (4.04%) Public Cloud
3 19 (3.33%) Virtual Team
4 17 (2.98%) Analytical Skills
5 16 (2.81%) Mobile App
6 14 (2.46%) Greenfield Project
6 14 (2.46%) Hybrid Cloud
7 13 (2.28%) Management Information System
8 11 (1.93%) Cloud Native
9 10 (1.75%) Private Cloud
10 9 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (1.40%) Data Centre
12 7 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
13 6 (1.05%) Blog
13 6 (1.05%) Self-Motivation
14 4 (0.70%) Algorithms
14 4 (0.70%) Data Structures
14 4 (0.70%) Derivative
15 3 (0.53%) Digital Media
15 3 (0.53%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 125 (21.93%) Linux
2 62 (10.88%) Windows
3 55 (9.65%) Unix
4 27 (4.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 23 (4.04%) Android
6 16 (2.81%) Mac OS X
7 13 (2.28%) Apple iOS
8 11 (1.93%) Ubuntu
9 10 (1.75%) CentOS
10 9 (1.58%) Windows Server
11 6 (1.05%) Kali Linux
11 6 (1.05%) Solaris
12 4 (0.70%) AIX
12 4 (0.70%) Debian
13 2 (0.35%) VMS
14 1 (0.18%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.18%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.18%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 194 (34.04%) DevOps
2 169 (29.65%) Agile Software Development
3 136 (23.86%) Test Automation
4 104 (18.25%) TDD
5 101 (17.72%) Continuous Integration
6 75 (13.16%) Configuration Management
7 67 (11.75%) Software Engineering
8 55 (9.65%) Scrum
9 52 (9.12%) Infrastructure as Code
9 52 (9.12%) Microservices
10 50 (8.77%) BDD
10 50 (8.77%) Problem-Solving
11 43 (7.54%) Open Source
12 38 (6.67%) Continuous Deployment
13 36 (6.32%) E-Commerce
14 34 (5.96%) Front End Development
15 31 (5.44%) OWASP
16 30 (5.26%) Secure Coding
17 28 (4.91%) Site Reliability Engineering
18 27 (4.74%) Infrastructure Automation
Programming Languages
1 254 (44.56%) Python
2 180 (31.58%) JavaScript
3 153 (26.84%) Java
4 139 (24.39%) Go
5 84 (14.74%) Bash Shell
6 74 (12.98%) PowerShell
7 65 (11.40%) Scala
8 47 (8.25%) SQL
9 40 (7.02%) Perl
10 33 (5.79%) C#
11 29 (5.09%) PHP
12 23 (4.04%) Groovy
13 21 (3.68%) Rust
14 20 (3.51%) TypeScript
15 19 (3.33%) C++
16 18 (3.16%) C
17 10 (1.75%) ES6
18 8 (1.40%) Apple Swift
18 8 (1.40%) Kotlin
18 8 (1.40%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 58 (10.18%) Security Cleared
2 45 (7.89%) SC Cleared
3 11 (1.93%) Degree
4 8 (1.40%) Cisco Certification
4 8 (1.40%) CISSP
5 5 (0.88%) CCNA
5 5 (0.88%) DV Cleared
5 5 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
6 4 (0.70%) CCNP
6 4 (0.70%) GCIA
6 4 (0.70%) GIAC
6 4 (0.70%) ISTQB
7 3 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.53%) CISM
7 3 (0.53%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (0.53%) EnCE
7 3 (0.53%) GCFE
7 3 (0.53%) GCIH
7 3 (0.53%) ISEB
7 3 (0.53%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (7.54%) QA
2 5 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 12207
3 3 (0.53%) WCAG
4 2 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials
4 2 (0.35%) NCSC
4 2 (0.35%) NIST
4 2 (0.35%) SLA
5 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.18%) GDPR
5 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.18%) PMO
System Software
1 177 (31.05%) Docker
2 30 (5.26%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (4.21%) Active Directory
4 9 (1.58%) VMware ESXi
5 5 (0.88%) vSphere
6 4 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.53%) Ceph
7 3 (0.53%) NFS
8 2 (0.35%) HDFS
8 2 (0.35%) UAG
9 1 (0.18%) DFS Replication
9 1 (0.18%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.18%) IAG
9 1 (0.18%) KVM
9 1 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.18%) Platform Symphony
9 1 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.18%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 126 (22.11%) Kubernetes
2 107 (18.77%) Terraform
3 87 (15.26%) Ansible
4 67 (11.75%) Puppet
5 57 (10.00%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (2.81%) Kibana
7 14 (2.46%) Consul
8 13 (2.28%) logstash
9 10 (1.75%) Prometheus
10 9 (1.58%) Mesos
11 7 (1.23%) Docker Swarm
11 7 (1.23%) Nagios
11 7 (1.23%) Packer
12 5 (0.88%) Grafana
12 5 (0.88%) Salt
12 5 (0.88%) vRealize
13 4 (0.70%) Istio
13 4 (0.70%) Nessus
13 4 (0.70%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 3 (0.53%) Marathon
Vendors
1 47 (8.25%) Google
2 36 (6.32%) Microsoft
2 36 (6.32%) Red Hat
3 31 (5.44%) VMware
4 25 (4.39%) Oracle
5 24 (4.21%) Atlassian
6 18 (3.16%) Cisco
7 16 (2.81%) SAP
8 13 (2.28%) Fortinet
9 11 (1.93%) Splunk
10 9 (1.58%) New Relic
11 8 (1.40%) Sybase
12 6 (1.05%) F5
12 6 (1.05%) SaltStack
12 6 (1.05%) ServiceNow
13 5 (0.88%) Cloudera
13 5 (0.88%) EMC
13 5 (0.88%) MuleSoft
14 4 (0.70%) IBM
14 4 (0.70%) NetApp