Period
to 12 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 12 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 183 147 143
Rank change year-on-year -36 -4 -8
Contract jobs citing Perl 1506 1890 1926
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.46% 1.83% 1.71%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.47% 4.52% 4.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 904 1210 1196
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £313
90th Percentile £650 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 21 32
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.11% -7.50% +14.29%
10th Percentile £34.88 £30.00 £29.55
90th Percentile £44.06 £57.50 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +8.11% -7.50% +14.29%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43393 41789 43255
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.99% 40.44% 38.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 30441 28679 29356
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £401
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.12% +0.13%
10th Percentile £308 £285 £270
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 782 870 1061
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £39.23 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.98% +4.60% +17.19%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.43 £14.10
90th Percentile £52.23 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £39.44 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.43% +5.16% +15.38%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 12 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 12 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -48 1311 £486 +8.06% 171
UK excluding London -12 797 £425 +6.25% 93
London -69 686 £545 +14.74% 85
South East -38 232 £400 - 31
North of England -16 171 £425 +11.48% 24
Scotland +9 139 £425 +13.33% 6
East of England -4 96 £488 +14.04% 12
Midlands +83 93 £473 +5.00% 9
North East +17 68 £370 +13.85% 1
West Midlands +45 61 £525 +16.67% 5
Yorkshire +16 56 £488 +8.33% 8
North West -14 47 £450 +7.14% 15
East Midlands +27 30 £356 - 4
South West -42 30 £365 -10.43% 10
Northern Ireland -32 21 £525 +0.96% 1
Wales +22 17 £425 -43.33%

For the 6 months to 12 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 962 (63.88%) Linux
2 939 (62.35%) Python
3 716 (47.54%) Unix
4 504 (33.47%) Java
5 432 (28.69%) SQL
6 426 (28.29%) DevOps
7 413 (27.42%) Bash Shell
8 391 (25.96%) Finance
9 351 (23.31%) Oracle
10 334 (22.18%) Puppet
11 333 (22.11%) Agile Software Development
12 324 (21.51%) Windows
13 310 (20.58%) Ansible
14 306 (20.32%) Ruby
15 290 (19.26%) Red Hat
16 288 (19.12%) Jenkins
17 283 (18.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 271 (17.99%) Git (software)
19 259 (17.20%) Shell Script
20 257 (17.07%) Configuration Management
21 251 (16.67%) Amazon AWS
22 221 (14.67%) Opscode Chef
22 221 (14.67%) Banking
23 213 (14.14%) Docker
24 210 (13.94%) Firewall
25 183 (12.15%) Relational Database
26 176 (11.69%) TCP/IP
26 176 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
27 170 (11.29%) Sybase
28 167 (11.09%) Apache

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 167 (11.09%) Apache
2 136 (9.03%) JBoss
3 117 (7.77%) Tomcat
4 71 (4.71%) WebLogic
5 67 (4.45%) Confluence
6 58 (3.85%) nginx
7 49 (3.25%) IIS
8 44 (2.92%) WebSphere
9 43 (2.86%) OpenStack
10 39 (2.59%) Apache Spark
11 28 (1.86%) MQSeries
12 24 (1.59%) Cloud Foundry
13 23 (1.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 21 (1.39%) Elasticsearch
14 21 (1.39%) WebSphere Application Server
15 20 (1.33%) Apache Solr
15 20 (1.33%) iPlanet
16 18 (1.20%) Oracle Application Server
16 18 (1.20%) SAS
17 16 (1.06%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 44 (2.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 30 (1.99%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.66%) Pipeline Pilot
5 8 (0.53%) Doxygen
6 6 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.40%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.33%) SmartSuite
7 5 (0.33%) SPSS
8 3 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.13%) Simulink
10 1 (0.066%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 18 (1.20%) SAP ERP
2 10 (0.66%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 7 (0.46%) ION MarketView
4 6 (0.40%) RMDS
5 5 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
5 5 (0.33%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 5 (0.33%) Kondor
6 1 (0.066%) Exstream
6 1 (0.066%) Infor M3
6 1 (0.066%) IntelliMatch
6 1 (0.066%) Magento
6 1 (0.066%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.066%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.066%) Oracle iProcurement
6 1 (0.066%) Relativity
6 1 (0.066%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.066%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 251 (16.67%) Amazon AWS
2 96 (6.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 63 (4.18%) GitHub
4 42 (2.79%) Cloud Computing
5 41 (2.72%) PaaS
6 39 (2.59%) AWS CloudFormation
7 35 (2.32%) OpenShift
8 30 (1.99%) IaaS
9 29 (1.93%) Amazon EC2
10 19 (1.26%) Google Cloud Platform
11 16 (1.06%) Slack
12 15 (1.00%) Amazon S3
13 13 (0.86%) SaaS
14 12 (0.80%) Amazon ELB
15 9 (0.60%) Google Analytics
16 8 (0.53%) Bluemix
16 8 (0.53%) IBM Cloud
17 7 (0.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 6 (0.40%) Google Container Engine
18 6 (0.40%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 210 (13.94%) Firewall
2 176 (11.69%) TCP/IP
3 155 (10.29%) DNS
4 95 (6.31%) HTTP
5 81 (5.38%) SAN
6 79 (5.25%) LDAP
7 63 (4.18%) SSL
8 56 (3.72%) Internet
9 54 (3.59%) Network Security
10 52 (3.45%) SSH
10 52 (3.45%) VPN
11 50 (3.32%) WAN
12 37 (2.46%) DHCP
12 37 (2.46%) NAS
13 33 (2.19%) LAN
14 27 (1.79%) VLAN
15 26 (1.73%) FTP
16 25 (1.66%) BGP
17 24 (1.59%) IPsec
18 23 (1.53%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 183 (12.15%) Relational Database
2 89 (5.91%) RDBMS
3 76 (5.05%) NoSQL
3 76 (5.05%) SQL Server
4 73 (4.85%) DB2
5 72 (4.78%) Oracle Database
6 70 (4.65%) MySQL
7 67 (4.45%) Big Data
7 67 (4.45%) MongoDB
8 46 (3.05%) PostgreSQL
9 39 (2.59%) Hadoop
10 32 (2.12%) Sybase ASE
11 23 (1.53%) Data Warehouse
12 22 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
13 19 (1.26%) Amazon RDS
13 19 (1.26%) Data Mining
14 16 (1.06%) Oracle Database 12c
14 16 (1.06%) Oracle Exadata
15 15 (1.00%) Oracle Reports
15 15 (1.00%) Redis
Development Applications
1 288 (19.12%) Jenkins
2 271 (17.99%) Git (software)
3 132 (8.76%) JIRA
4 127 (8.43%) Maven
5 112 (7.44%) Subversion
6 54 (3.59%) Selenium
7 53 (3.52%) Ant
7 53 (3.52%) Sonatype Nexus
8 46 (3.05%) TeamCity
9 44 (2.92%) Cucumber
9 44 (2.92%) JUnit
10 34 (2.26%) GitLab
11 32 (2.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 27 (1.79%) Gradle
13 24 (1.59%) SpecFlow
14 22 (1.46%) Bitbucket
15 21 (1.39%) SonarQube
16 20 (1.33%) Vagrant
17 19 (1.26%) JMeter
18 16 (1.06%) SoapUI
General
1 391 (25.96%) Finance
2 221 (14.67%) Banking
3 92 (6.11%) Investment Banking
4 88 (5.84%) Front Office
5 43 (2.86%) Telecoms
6 31 (2.06%) Financial Institution
7 17 (1.13%) Publishing
8 16 (1.06%) Games
9 15 (1.00%) Retail
10 14 (0.93%) Marketing
11 13 (0.86%) Law
12 11 (0.73%) Back Office
12 11 (0.73%) Pharmaceutical
13 8 (0.53%) Manufacturing
14 5 (0.33%) Legal
15 3 (0.20%) Automotive
15 3 (0.20%) Electronics
16 2 (0.13%) Military
16 2 (0.13%) Multimedia
16 2 (0.13%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 300 (19.92%) Developer
2 249 (16.53%) DevOps Engineer
3 135 (8.96%) Linux Engineer
4 121 (8.03%) Administrator
5 104 (6.91%) Analyst
6 100 (6.64%) Consultant
7 72 (4.78%) Systems Administrator
8 71 (4.71%) Java Developer
9 70 (4.65%) Cloud Engineer
10 69 (4.58%) Unix Engineer
11 68 (4.52%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 57 (3.78%) AWS Engineer
13 56 (3.72%) Architect
14 53 (3.52%) AWS DevOps
15 51 (3.39%) Linux DevOps Engineer
16 48 (3.19%) DBA
17 40 (2.66%) Linux Administrator
18 39 (2.59%) Senior DevOps
18 39 (2.59%) Support Analyst
19 38 (2.52%) Perl Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 138 (9.16%) Middleware
1 138 (9.16%) XML
2 113 (7.50%) Web Services
3 109 (7.24%) HTML
4 105 (6.97%) .NET
5 93 (6.18%) J2EE
6 74 (4.91%) Spring
7 69 (4.58%) JSON
8 56 (3.72%) CSS
9 52 (3.45%) RESTful
10 48 (3.19%) Elastic Stack
11 42 (2.79%) Ajax
11 42 (2.79%) REST
12 41 (2.72%) JMS
13 38 (2.52%) FIX Protocol
13 38 (2.52%) Node.js
14 37 (2.46%) jQuery
15 35 (2.32%) Kafka
15 35 (2.32%) SOAP
16 32 (2.12%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 139 (9.23%) Analytical Skills
2 99 (6.57%) Data Centre
3 79 (5.25%) Computer Science
4 60 (3.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 59 (3.92%) Clustering
6 55 (3.65%) Equities
7 48 (3.19%) Enterprise Software
7 48 (3.19%) Public Cloud
8 37 (2.46%) Management Information System
9 33 (2.19%) Replication
10 32 (2.12%) PKI
11 30 (1.99%) Greenfield Project
12 28 (1.86%) Derivative
13 26 (1.73%) SWIFT
14 22 (1.46%) Client/Server
15 19 (1.26%) Fixed Income
16 18 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
17 17 (1.13%) Mainframe
18 15 (1.00%) Hedge funds
19 13 (0.86%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 962 (63.88%) Linux
2 716 (47.54%) Unix
3 324 (21.51%) Windows
4 283 (18.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 143 (9.50%) Solaris
6 79 (5.25%) CentOS
7 69 (4.58%) AIX
8 68 (4.52%) Windows Server
9 38 (2.52%) Windows Server 2008
10 35 (2.32%) Ubuntu
11 32 (2.12%) SUSE
12 26 (1.73%) HPUX
12 26 (1.73%) Windows Server 2012
13 15 (1.00%) Mac OS X
13 15 (1.00%) Windows XP
14 10 (0.66%) Android
14 10 (0.66%) Apple iOS
15 9 (0.60%) zOS
16 8 (0.53%) DC/OS
16 8 (0.53%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 426 (28.29%) DevOps
2 333 (22.11%) Agile Software Development
3 257 (17.07%) Configuration Management
4 176 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
5 152 (10.09%) ITIL
6 129 (8.57%) Test Automation
7 122 (8.10%) Mentoring
8 120 (7.97%) Continuous Delivery
8 120 (7.97%) SDLC
9 119 (7.90%) Open Source
10 97 (6.44%) Load Balancing
11 90 (5.98%) Disaster Recovery
12 89 (5.91%) Migration
13 86 (5.71%) OO
14 75 (4.98%) High Availability
14 75 (4.98%) Project Management
15 74 (4.91%) Scrum
16 66 (4.38%) Microservices
17 65 (4.32%) Analytics
17 65 (4.32%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 939 (62.35%) Python
2 504 (33.47%) Java
3 432 (28.69%) SQL
4 413 (27.42%) Bash Shell
5 306 (20.32%) Ruby
6 259 (17.20%) Shell Script
7 165 (10.96%) Korn
8 157 (10.42%) JavaScript
9 151 (10.03%) C++
10 119 (7.90%) PHP
10 119 (7.90%) PowerShell
11 111 (7.37%) C#
12 93 (6.18%) C
13 77 (5.11%) PL/SQL
14 39 (2.59%) T-SQL
15 38 (2.52%) Scala
16 37 (2.46%) C-shell
17 30 (1.99%) AWK
18 29 (1.93%) VBA
19 25 (1.66%) R
Qualifications
1 154 (10.23%) Security Cleared
2 102 (6.77%) SC Cleared
3 94 (6.24%) Degree
4 39 (2.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (2.32%) CISSP
6 28 (1.86%) AWS Certification
7 21 (1.39%) SANS
8 18 (1.20%) DV Cleared
9 17 (1.13%) RHCE
10 16 (1.06%) CEH
11 15 (1.00%) CCNP
11 15 (1.00%) Cisco Certification
12 13 (0.86%) PhD
13 11 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
14 10 (0.66%) CCNA
15 9 (0.60%) RHCSA
16 8 (0.53%) GIAC
17 6 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
17 6 (0.40%) Master's Degree
17 6 (0.40%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (4.65%) QA
2 16 (1.06%) MiFID
3 15 (1.00%) PCI DSS
4 9 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.53%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.27%) GDPR
6 4 (0.27%) SLA
7 3 (0.20%) GCP
7 3 (0.20%) PMO
8 2 (0.13%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (0.13%) CDISC
8 2 (0.13%) DO-254
8 2 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.13%) EMIR
8 2 (0.13%) GxP
8 2 (0.13%) HL7
8 2 (0.13%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.13%) MISRA
8 2 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 213 (14.14%) Docker
2 68 (4.52%) VMware Infrastructure
3 59 (3.92%) Active Directory
4 57 (3.78%) Virtual Machines
5 51 (3.39%) NFS
6 34 (2.26%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 32 (2.12%) Xen
8 30 (1.99%) Samba
9 25 (1.66%) Hyper-V
10 21 (1.39%) KVM
10 21 (1.39%) VMware ESXi
11 20 (1.33%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 19 (1.26%) Oracle RAC
13 15 (1.00%) Firmware
14 13 (0.86%) Veritas File System
15 12 (0.80%) iptables
16 9 (0.60%) Job Entry Subsystem
16 9 (0.60%) RACF
16 9 (0.60%) Time Sharing Option
17 8 (0.53%) Openswan
Systems Management
1 334 (22.18%) Puppet
2 310 (20.58%) Ansible
3 221 (14.67%) Opscode Chef
4 70 (4.65%) Kubernetes
5 65 (4.32%) Terraform
6 47 (3.12%) Nagios
7 34 (2.26%) ZABBIX
8 29 (1.93%) Packer
9 26 (1.73%) NetBackup
10 24 (1.59%) Red Hat Satellite
10 24 (1.59%) SCCM
11 22 (1.46%) Grafana
12 21 (1.39%) ITRS Geneos
12 21 (1.39%) Kibana
13 19 (1.26%) logstash
14 18 (1.20%) Tivoli
15 16 (1.06%) Control-M
15 16 (1.06%) SELinux
16 15 (1.00%) Red Hat Spacewalk
16 15 (1.00%) Salt
Vendors
1 351 (23.31%) Oracle
2 290 (19.26%) Red Hat
3 170 (11.29%) Sybase
4 120 (7.97%) Splunk
5 108 (7.17%) VMware
6 104 (6.91%) IBM
7 102 (6.77%) Microsoft
8 80 (5.31%) Cisco
9 69 (4.58%) Sun
10 63 (4.18%) HP
11 58 (3.85%) F5
12 50 (3.32%) Veritas
13 44 (2.92%) SAP
14 40 (2.66%) AppDynamics
15 35 (2.32%) CA
15 35 (2.32%) Google
16 33 (2.19%) EMC
17 24 (1.59%) Atlassian
17 24 (1.59%) NetApp
17 24 (1.59%) Symantec