Period
to 22 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 22 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 173 140 136
Rank change year-on-year -33 -4 -2
Contract jobs citing Perl 1532 1989 2011
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.54% 1.89% 1.76%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.68% 4.70% 4.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 896 1274 1238
UK median daily rate £475 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.68% +4.76% +2.41%
10th Percentile £313 £311 £310
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 29 44
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.11% -7.50% +10.34%
10th Percentile £33.88 £31.00 £26.55
90th Percentile £47.21 £58.75 £53.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.25 £37.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.08% -7.50% +14.29%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41664 42293 43550
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.94% 40.12% 38.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 28946 29067 29450
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £306 £281 £265
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 783 896 986
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +14.54%
10th Percentile £15.83 £14.19 £15.00
90th Percentile £53.00 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +8.00% +1.35% +13.85%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -36 1315 £478 +6.11% 161
UK excluding London -4 811 £425 +6.25% 99
London -65 700 £528 +11.05% 69
South East -21 239 £410 +2.50% 35
Scotland +14 166 £425 +13.33% 4
North of England -13 135 £420 +7.01% 20
East of England -5 105 £456 +7.35% 22
Midlands +88 97 £420 -1.18% 4
West Midlands +55 62 £540 +66.15% 2
North East +21 59 £339 +5.86%
North West +4 40 £475 +13.10% 13
Yorkshire -20 36 £425 -15.00% 7
South West -33 34 £370 -7.50% 11
East Midlands +31 33 £375 - 2
Northern Ireland -35 22 £525 +40.00% 1
Wales +3 13 £450 - 1

For the 6 months to 22 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 995 (64.95%) Linux
2 899 (58.68%) Python
3 770 (50.26%) Unix
4 518 (33.81%) Java
5 442 (28.85%) SQL
6 430 (28.07%) Finance
7 397 (25.91%) DevOps
8 373 (24.35%) Bash Shell
9 350 (22.85%) Oracle
10 338 (22.06%) Puppet
11 336 (21.93%) Windows
12 328 (21.41%) Agile Software Development
13 311 (20.30%) Red Hat
14 299 (19.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 290 (18.93%) Ansible
16 281 (18.34%) Git (software)
17 268 (17.49%) Shell Script
18 265 (17.30%) Ruby
19 263 (17.17%) Configuration Management
20 255 (16.64%) Jenkins
21 253 (16.51%) Opscode Chef
22 227 (14.82%) Amazon AWS
23 222 (14.49%) Banking
24 205 (13.38%) Docker
25 195 (12.73%) Relational Database
26 192 (12.53%) Firewall
27 185 (12.08%) Korn
28 179 (11.68%) TCP/IP
29 177 (11.55%) Continuous Integration
30 176 (11.49%) Solaris

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (10.44%) Apache
2 132 (8.62%) JBoss
3 123 (8.03%) Tomcat
4 71 (4.63%) WebLogic
5 61 (3.98%) IIS
6 59 (3.85%) Confluence
7 51 (3.33%) nginx
8 49 (3.20%) OpenStack
9 40 (2.61%) Apache Spark
9 40 (2.61%) WebSphere
10 35 (2.28%) MQSeries
11 29 (1.89%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 26 (1.70%) Elasticsearch
13 24 (1.57%) SAS
14 21 (1.37%) WebSphere Application Server
15 20 (1.31%) Apache Solr
16 18 (1.17%) iPlanet
17 16 (1.04%) CICS
17 16 (1.04%) Oracle Application Server
18 14 (0.91%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 50 (3.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (2.28%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (1.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.52%) Doxygen
4 8 (0.52%) Pipeline Pilot
5 7 (0.46%) SmartSuite
6 6 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.20%) SPSS
8 2 (0.13%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.13%) Simulink
9 1 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 27 (1.76%) SAP ERP
2 10 (0.65%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 5 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
3 5 (0.33%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 5 (0.33%) ION MarketView
3 5 (0.33%) Kondor
3 5 (0.33%) RMDS
4 4 (0.26%) SimCorp Dimension
5 3 (0.20%) Summit
6 2 (0.13%) IntelliMatch
6 2 (0.13%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.065%) Infor M3
7 1 (0.065%) Magento
7 1 (0.065%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 227 (14.82%) Amazon AWS
2 86 (5.61%) Microsoft Azure
3 47 (3.07%) GitHub
4 38 (2.48%) OpenShift
5 37 (2.42%) AWS CloudFormation
5 37 (2.42%) PaaS
6 35 (2.28%) Amazon EC2
7 33 (2.15%) Cloud Computing
8 29 (1.89%) IaaS
9 16 (1.04%) Amazon S3
10 15 (0.98%) Google Cloud Platform
11 14 (0.91%) Amazon ELB
11 14 (0.91%) SaaS
12 12 (0.78%) Slack
13 10 (0.65%) Google Analytics
14 6 (0.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 6 (0.39%) Google Container Engine
14 6 (0.39%) Route 53
14 6 (0.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 5 (0.33%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 192 (12.53%) Firewall
2 179 (11.68%) TCP/IP
3 162 (10.57%) DNS
4 112 (7.31%) HTTP
5 99 (6.46%) LDAP
6 93 (6.07%) SSL
7 63 (4.11%) SAN
8 61 (3.98%) SSH
9 60 (3.92%) Network Security
10 57 (3.72%) WAN
11 56 (3.66%) VPN
12 55 (3.59%) Internet
13 38 (2.48%) NAS
14 35 (2.28%) DHCP
15 34 (2.22%) LAN
16 28 (1.83%) Wireless
17 25 (1.63%) BGP
17 25 (1.63%) Kerberos
18 24 (1.57%) IPsec
19 23 (1.50%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (12.73%) Relational Database
2 100 (6.53%) MySQL
3 90 (5.87%) MongoDB
4 78 (5.09%) NoSQL
5 75 (4.90%) RDBMS
6 73 (4.77%) SQL Server
7 65 (4.24%) DB2
8 62 (4.05%) Big Data
9 54 (3.52%) Oracle Database
10 42 (2.74%) Hadoop
10 42 (2.74%) PostgreSQL
11 37 (2.42%) Apache Cassandra
12 32 (2.09%) Sybase ASE
13 22 (1.44%) KDB
14 18 (1.17%) Amazon RDS
14 18 (1.17%) Redis
15 17 (1.11%) Data Mining
16 16 (1.04%) Data Warehouse
17 15 (0.98%) Apache Hive
18 14 (0.91%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 281 (18.34%) Git (software)
2 255 (16.64%) Jenkins
3 134 (8.75%) JIRA
4 129 (8.42%) Subversion
5 115 (7.51%) Maven
6 50 (3.26%) Ant
7 47 (3.07%) Sonatype Nexus
8 40 (2.61%) Selenium
9 39 (2.55%) JUnit
10 33 (2.15%) Cucumber
11 30 (1.96%) TeamCity
12 26 (1.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 26 (1.70%) GitLab
12 26 (1.70%) Gradle
13 21 (1.37%) Hudson
13 21 (1.37%) Vagrant
14 18 (1.17%) Eclipse
15 17 (1.11%) Artifactory
16 16 (1.04%) Bitbucket
17 15 (0.98%) SpecFlow
General
1 430 (28.07%) Finance
2 222 (14.49%) Banking
3 95 (6.20%) Investment Banking
4 91 (5.94%) Front Office
5 49 (3.20%) Telecoms
6 46 (3.00%) Financial Institution
7 23 (1.50%) Law
8 18 (1.17%) Marketing
9 15 (0.98%) Games
9 15 (0.98%) Retail
10 14 (0.91%) Back Office
10 14 (0.91%) Publishing
11 10 (0.65%) Legal
12 8 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.46%) Manufacturing
14 5 (0.33%) Prime Brokerage
14 5 (0.33%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.26%) Automotive
15 4 (0.26%) Electronics
16 2 (0.13%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 334 (21.80%) Developer
2 226 (14.75%) DevOps Engineer
3 140 (9.14%) Linux Engineer
4 129 (8.42%) Administrator
5 111 (7.25%) Consultant
6 104 (6.79%) Analyst
7 86 (5.61%) Java Developer
8 82 (5.35%) Systems Administrator
9 75 (4.90%) Unix Engineer
10 62 (4.05%) Linux/Unix DevOps
11 57 (3.72%) Cloud Engineer
12 51 (3.33%) Architect
12 51 (3.33%) AWS Engineer
13 49 (3.20%) Linux Administrator
14 45 (2.94%) Linux DevOps Engineer
14 45 (2.94%) Linux Systems Administrator
15 44 (2.87%) AWS DevOps
15 44 (2.87%) DBA
16 43 (2.81%) Security Engineer
16 43 (2.81%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 139 (9.07%) XML
2 130 (8.49%) Middleware
3 121 (7.90%) HTML
4 120 (7.83%) Web Services
5 106 (6.92%) J2EE
6 104 (6.79%) .NET
7 81 (5.29%) Spring
8 59 (3.85%) CSS
9 57 (3.72%) RESTful
10 56 (3.66%) REST
11 51 (3.33%) JSON
12 50 (3.26%) Node.js
13 48 (3.13%) Elastic Stack
13 48 (3.13%) SOAP
14 43 (2.81%) JMS
15 42 (2.74%) XSLT
16 41 (2.68%) FIX Protocol
16 41 (2.68%) Hibernate
17 39 (2.55%) Ajax
17 39 (2.55%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 128 (8.36%) Analytical Skills
2 100 (6.53%) Data Centre
3 92 (6.01%) Computer Science
4 60 (3.92%) Clustering
5 51 (3.33%) Equities
6 50 (3.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 48 (3.13%) Derivative
8 41 (2.68%) Public Cloud
9 38 (2.48%) Greenfield Project
9 38 (2.48%) PKI
10 36 (2.35%) Replication
11 34 (2.22%) Management Information System
12 32 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
13 31 (2.02%) Fixed Income
14 28 (1.83%) Client/Server
15 24 (1.57%) Linux Command Line
15 24 (1.57%) SWIFT
16 19 (1.24%) Mainframe
17 17 (1.11%) Equity Derivative
17 17 (1.11%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 995 (64.95%) Linux
2 770 (50.26%) Unix
3 336 (21.93%) Windows
4 299 (19.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 176 (11.49%) Solaris
6 107 (6.98%) CentOS
7 75 (4.90%) Windows Server
8 71 (4.63%) AIX
9 40 (2.61%) Ubuntu
10 39 (2.55%) Windows Server 2008
11 35 (2.28%) HPUX
12 33 (2.15%) Windows Server 2012
13 32 (2.09%) SUSE
14 16 (1.04%) Mac OS X
14 16 (1.04%) VMS
15 15 (0.98%) Windows XP
15 15 (0.98%) zOS
16 14 (0.91%) Debian
17 12 (0.78%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 10 (0.65%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 397 (25.91%) DevOps
2 328 (21.41%) Agile Software Development
3 263 (17.17%) Configuration Management
4 177 (11.55%) Continuous Integration
5 144 (9.40%) Test Automation
6 130 (8.49%) ITIL
6 130 (8.49%) Open Source
7 122 (7.96%) SDLC
8 103 (6.72%) Mentoring
9 100 (6.53%) OO
10 96 (6.27%) Load Balancing
11 94 (6.14%) Disaster Recovery
12 93 (6.07%) Project Management
13 88 (5.74%) Continuous Delivery
13 88 (5.74%) High Availability
14 80 (5.22%) Scrum
15 79 (5.16%) Software Engineering
16 76 (4.96%) TDD
17 74 (4.83%) Migration
18 71 (4.63%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 899 (58.68%) Python
2 518 (33.81%) Java
3 442 (28.85%) SQL
4 373 (24.35%) Bash Shell
5 268 (17.49%) Shell Script
6 265 (17.30%) Ruby
7 185 (12.08%) Korn
8 164 (10.70%) JavaScript
9 157 (10.25%) C++
10 134 (8.75%) PowerShell
11 123 (8.03%) PHP
12 107 (6.98%) C
12 107 (6.98%) C#
13 63 (4.11%) PL/SQL
14 40 (2.61%) Scala
15 36 (2.35%) T-SQL
16 33 (2.15%) C-shell
16 33 (2.15%) VBA
17 31 (2.02%) AWK
17 31 (2.02%) Go
Qualifications
1 142 (9.27%) Security Cleared
2 100 (6.53%) Degree
3 89 (5.81%) SC Cleared
4 44 (2.87%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (2.28%) CISSP
6 26 (1.70%) DV Cleared
7 25 (1.63%) RHCE
8 24 (1.57%) AWS Certification
9 19 (1.24%) RHCSA
10 17 (1.11%) SANS
11 16 (1.04%) CEH
12 13 (0.85%) CCNP
12 13 (0.85%) Cisco Certification
12 13 (0.85%) Oracle Certification
13 12 (0.78%) OCP
14 11 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
14 11 (0.72%) PhD
15 9 (0.59%) CCNA
15 9 (0.59%) GIAC
15 9 (0.59%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (4.37%) QA
2 22 (1.44%) MiFID
3 10 (0.65%) Disclosure Scotland
3 10 (0.65%) PCI DSS
4 7 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.39%) SLA
6 3 (0.20%) EMIR
6 3 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.13%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 2 (0.13%) CDISC
7 2 (0.13%) DO-254
7 2 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.13%) GxP
7 2 (0.13%) HL7
7 2 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.065%) GCP
8 1 (0.065%) IEC 62304
8 1 (0.065%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.065%) MISRA
System Software
1 205 (13.38%) Docker
2 93 (6.07%) VMware Infrastructure
3 67 (4.37%) Active Directory
4 54 (3.52%) Virtual Machines
5 49 (3.20%) NFS
6 47 (3.07%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 38 (2.48%) Samba
8 37 (2.42%) Xen
9 29 (1.89%) Hyper-V
10 28 (1.83%) KVM
11 21 (1.37%) VirtualBox
11 21 (1.37%) VMware ESXi
12 18 (1.17%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 17 (1.11%) Oracle RAC
14 16 (1.04%) RACF
15 15 (0.98%) Job Entry Subsystem
15 15 (0.98%) Time Sharing Option
16 14 (0.91%) Firmware
17 12 (0.78%) Veritas File System
18 11 (0.72%) LXC
Systems Management
1 338 (22.06%) Puppet
2 290 (18.93%) Ansible
3 253 (16.51%) Opscode Chef
4 82 (5.35%) Kubernetes
5 70 (4.57%) Terraform
6 63 (4.11%) Nagios
7 43 (2.81%) ZABBIX
8 42 (2.74%) NetBackup
9 32 (2.09%) Grafana
9 32 (2.09%) Packer
10 30 (1.96%) logstash
11 24 (1.57%) Kibana
12 22 (1.44%) Salt
12 22 (1.44%) SCCM
13 20 (1.31%) ITRS Geneos
13 20 (1.31%) Red Hat Satellite
14 18 (1.17%) Control-M
15 15 (0.98%) zSecure
16 14 (0.91%) BladeLogic
16 14 (0.91%) Consul
Vendors
1 350 (22.85%) Oracle
2 311 (20.30%) Red Hat
3 170 (11.10%) Sybase
4 132 (8.62%) VMware
5 112 (7.31%) Microsoft
6 103 (6.72%) Splunk
7 102 (6.66%) IBM
8 91 (5.94%) Sun
9 76 (4.96%) Cisco
10 73 (4.77%) HP
11 72 (4.70%) Veritas
12 56 (3.66%) F5
13 53 (3.46%) SAP
14 43 (2.81%) AppDynamics
15 41 (2.68%) EMC
16 36 (2.35%) Google
17 29 (1.89%) Citrix
18 27 (1.76%) NetApp
19 26 (1.70%) Symantec
20 24 (1.57%) CA