Period
to 20 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 225 179 143
Rank change year-on-year -46 -36 -4
Contract jobs citing Perl 1,332 1,510 1,920
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 1.48% 1.85%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.86% 3.51% 4.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 773 906 1,223
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £315 £313 £311
90th Percentile £618 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 26 23
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +8.11% -7.50%
10th Percentile £23.50 £34.38 £30.25
90th Percentile £48.75 £44.31 £57.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% +8.11% -7.50%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,493 42,960 41,920
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.69% 42.00% 40.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,731 30,022 28,803
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £316 £308 £281
90th Percentile £640 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +2.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 680 801 874
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.13 £14.37
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% -

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -35 1,168 £475 - 308
UK excluding London -29 742 £425 - 199
London -32 568 £525 - 132
South East -48 181 £425 +6.25% 44
North of England -29 149 £430 +1.78% 48
East of England +24 133 £420 -6.67% 39
Scotland -28 126 £435 +2.35% 9
Midlands -13 96 £500 +11.00% 16
West Midlands -7 76 £513 -5.09% 16
North West +18 70 £425 -5.56% 30
Yorkshire -17 47 £438 -10.26% 14
South West -14 40 £413 +10.00% 29
North East -33 32 £478 +34.04% 4
East Midlands -9 20 £385 +2.67%
Wales -19 17 £438 - 5

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 952 (71.47%) Python
2 926 (69.52%) Linux
3 547 (41.07%) DevOps
4 474 (35.59%) Agile Software Development
5 466 (34.98%) Unix
6 443 (33.26%) Java
7 433 (32.51%) Puppet
8 429 (32.21%) Jenkins
9 416 (31.23%) SQL
10 404 (30.33%) Git (software)
11 385 (28.90%) Ruby
12 365 (27.40%) Windows
13 356 (26.73%) Ansible
14 354 (26.58%) Bash Shell
15 328 (24.62%) Amazon AWS
16 313 (23.50%) Oracle
17 303 (22.75%) Docker
18 285 (21.40%) Configuration Management
19 267 (20.05%) Continuous Integration
20 266 (19.97%) Finance
21 226 (16.97%) JavaScript
22 225 (16.89%) Test Automation
23 216 (16.22%) Shell Script
24 212 (15.92%) Opscode Chef
25 205 (15.39%) Red Hat
26 198 (14.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
27 189 (14.19%) HTTP
28 186 (13.96%) Apache
29 184 (13.81%) TCP/IP
30 172 (12.91%) Problem-Solving

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 186 (13.96%) Apache
2 111 (8.33%) Tomcat
3 98 (7.36%) nginx
4 69 (5.18%) Confluence
5 61 (4.58%) JBoss
5 61 (4.58%) WebLogic
6 59 (4.43%) Elasticsearch
7 55 (4.13%) OpenStack
8 34 (2.55%) IIS
9 31 (2.33%) WebSphere
10 23 (1.73%) Tuxedo
11 21 (1.58%) Apache Spark
12 19 (1.43%) Drupal
13 18 (1.35%) Apache Qpid
13 18 (1.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 16 (1.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 15 (1.13%) Jetty
16 14 (1.05%) Mongrel
16 14 (1.05%) SharePoint
17 12 (0.90%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 18 (1.35%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.60%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.23%) SPSS
6 2 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.15%) Doxygen
6 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.075%) HipChat
7 1 (0.075%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.075%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 4 (0.30%) BusinessWorks
1 4 (0.30%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.23%) assyst
2 3 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.23%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.15%) Global One
3 2 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 2 (0.15%) Kondor
3 2 (0.15%) Oracle BRM
3 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
3 2 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.075%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
4 1 (0.075%) Eagle PACE
4 1 (0.075%) RMDS
4 1 (0.075%) SAP MDG
4 1 (0.075%) SAP MDM
4 1 (0.075%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 328 (24.62%) Amazon AWS
2 120 (9.01%) Microsoft Azure
3 119 (8.93%) GitHub
4 57 (4.28%) Cloud Computing
5 51 (3.83%) Google Analytics
6 49 (3.68%) Amazon EC2
7 44 (3.30%) IaaS
8 41 (3.08%) PaaS
9 38 (2.85%) Amazon S3
10 36 (2.70%) AWS CloudFormation
11 28 (2.10%) Google Cloud Platform
12 26 (1.95%) OpenShift
13 21 (1.58%) Amazon SQS
14 20 (1.50%) Datadog
15 19 (1.43%) Amazon ELB
16 16 (1.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 15 (1.13%) SaaS
18 14 (1.05%) Apigee
19 13 (0.98%) npm
20 11 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 189 (14.19%) HTTP
2 184 (13.81%) TCP/IP
3 132 (9.91%) Firewall
4 125 (9.38%) SSL
5 112 (8.41%) DNS
6 65 (4.88%) Internet
7 44 (3.30%) LAN
8 43 (3.23%) DHCP
9 41 (3.08%) VPN
9 41 (3.08%) WAN
10 40 (3.00%) SAN
11 30 (2.25%) MPLS
12 27 (2.03%) Wireless
13 25 (1.88%) Intranet
14 24 (1.80%) BGP
14 24 (1.80%) Kerberos
15 23 (1.73%) VLAN
16 22 (1.65%) BIG-IP
16 22 (1.65%) OSPF
17 19 (1.43%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 164 (12.31%) MySQL
2 136 (10.21%) MongoDB
3 128 (9.61%) PostgreSQL
4 115 (8.63%) NoSQL
5 97 (7.28%) SQL Server
6 93 (6.98%) Relational Database
7 61 (4.58%) Hadoop
8 59 (4.43%) Oracle Database
9 40 (3.00%) Big Data
10 39 (2.93%) RDBMS
11 35 (2.63%) Data Warehouse
12 32 (2.40%) DB2
13 28 (2.10%) Apache Cassandra
14 26 (1.95%) Amazon Redshift
15 25 (1.88%) BusinessObjects
16 23 (1.73%) MariaDB
17 20 (1.50%) Neo4j
18 19 (1.43%) Redis
19 18 (1.35%) ArangoDB
20 17 (1.28%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 429 (32.21%) Jenkins
2 404 (30.33%) Git (software)
3 127 (9.53%) JIRA
4 108 (8.11%) Maven
5 89 (6.68%) Selenium
6 86 (6.46%) Sonatype Nexus
7 83 (6.23%) Cucumber
8 79 (5.93%) Subversion
9 77 (5.78%) Artifactory
10 75 (5.63%) Ant
11 71 (5.33%) Bitbucket
12 53 (3.98%) IntelliJ
13 51 (3.83%) Gatling
14 47 (3.53%) TeamCity
15 43 (3.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 43 (3.23%) JUnit
15 43 (3.23%) Karma Test Runner
15 43 (3.23%) Vagrant
16 40 (3.00%) Grunt
16 40 (3.00%) Sublime Text
General
1 266 (19.97%) Finance
2 125 (9.38%) Banking
3 56 (4.20%) Front Office
4 47 (3.53%) Telecoms
5 38 (2.85%) Investment Banking
6 36 (2.70%) Financial Institution
7 23 (1.73%) Retail
8 17 (1.28%) Back Office
9 12 (0.90%) Billing
10 11 (0.83%) Marketing
11 10 (0.75%) Publishing
12 9 (0.68%) Electronics
13 8 (0.60%) Law
14 7 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
15 5 (0.38%) Automotive
15 5 (0.38%) Games
15 5 (0.38%) Manufacturing
15 5 (0.38%) Multimedia
16 4 (0.30%) Spanish Language
17 2 (0.15%) French Language
Job Titles
1 348 (26.13%) Developer
2 341 (25.60%) DevOps Engineer
3 87 (6.53%) Perl Developer
4 76 (5.71%) AWS Engineer
5 70 (5.26%) AWS DevOps
6 66 (4.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 66 (4.95%) Java Developer
7 65 (4.88%) Analyst
8 61 (4.58%) Administrator
9 58 (4.35%) Linux Engineer
10 52 (3.90%) Python Developer
11 45 (3.38%) Architect
12 42 (3.15%) Senior Developer
13 41 (3.08%) Python Engineer
14 38 (2.85%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 36 (2.70%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 35 (2.63%) Cloud Engineer
16 35 (2.63%) Consultant
16 35 (2.63%) Systems Administrator
17 34 (2.55%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 134 (10.06%) XML
2 125 (9.38%) Middleware
3 120 (9.01%) HTML
4 94 (7.06%) CSS
4 94 (7.06%) JSON
5 93 (6.98%) AngularJS
5 93 (6.98%) Node.js
6 84 (6.31%) Web Services
7 78 (5.86%) Elastic Stack
8 76 (5.71%) jQuery
9 69 (5.18%) Servlets
10 68 (5.11%) Spring
11 65 (4.88%) SOAP
12 62 (4.65%) REST
13 61 (4.58%) LAMP
14 57 (4.28%) J2EE
15 56 (4.20%) .NET
16 54 (4.05%) Gherkin
17 46 (3.45%) CGI
17 46 (3.45%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 91 (6.83%) Data Centre
2 86 (6.46%) Analytical Skills
3 77 (5.78%) Computer Science
4 74 (5.56%) Linux Command Line
5 35 (2.63%) Enterprise Software
5 35 (2.63%) Hybrid Cloud
6 34 (2.55%) Public Cloud
7 33 (2.48%) Management Information System
8 31 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
9 28 (2.10%) User Experience
10 26 (1.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 24 (1.80%) Fixed Income
11 24 (1.80%) Mainframe
11 24 (1.80%) PKI
12 23 (1.73%) Cyberthreat
13 20 (1.50%) Equities
14 19 (1.43%) Replication
15 17 (1.28%) Enterprise Cloud
15 17 (1.28%) Private Cloud
16 14 (1.05%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 926 (69.52%) Linux
2 466 (34.98%) Unix
3 365 (27.40%) Windows
4 198 (14.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 98 (7.36%) Ubuntu
6 91 (6.83%) Solaris
7 88 (6.61%) CentOS
8 77 (5.78%) Windows Server
9 43 (3.23%) AIX
10 28 (2.10%) Debian
11 23 (1.73%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 18 (1.35%) Windows Server 2012
13 17 (1.28%) SUSE
14 16 (1.20%) Windows Server 2008
15 14 (1.05%) Fedora
16 12 (0.90%) Android
16 12 (0.90%) HPUX
17 11 (0.83%) VME
18 9 (0.68%) Oracle Linux
19 6 (0.45%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 547 (41.07%) DevOps
2 474 (35.59%) Agile Software Development
3 285 (21.40%) Configuration Management
4 267 (20.05%) Continuous Integration
5 225 (16.89%) Test Automation
6 172 (12.91%) Problem-Solving
7 163 (12.24%) Open Source
8 141 (10.59%) Scrum
9 121 (9.08%) Analytics
10 118 (8.86%) OO
11 115 (8.63%) Deployment Automation
12 104 (7.81%) Microservices
13 103 (7.73%) Kanban
14 102 (7.66%) Software Engineering
15 99 (7.43%) TDD
16 96 (7.21%) ITIL
17 94 (7.06%) Continuous Delivery
17 94 (7.06%) SDLC
18 92 (6.91%) Change Management
19 74 (5.56%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 952 (71.47%) Python
2 443 (33.26%) Java
3 416 (31.23%) SQL
4 385 (28.90%) Ruby
5 354 (26.58%) Bash Shell
6 226 (16.97%) JavaScript
7 216 (16.22%) Shell Script
8 141 (10.59%) C#
9 134 (10.06%) PowerShell
10 133 (9.98%) PHP
11 115 (8.63%) C++
12 94 (7.06%) C
13 88 (6.61%) PL/SQL
14 83 (6.23%) Groovy
15 79 (5.93%) Go
16 71 (5.33%) Scala
17 51 (3.83%) Haskell
18 33 (2.48%) Korn
19 26 (1.95%) VB
20 19 (1.43%) AWK
Qualifications
1 125 (9.38%) Security Cleared
2 93 (6.98%) SC Cleared
3 79 (5.93%) Degree
4 37 (2.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (2.18%) Cisco Certification
6 26 (1.95%) CISSP
7 22 (1.65%) CCNA
8 19 (1.43%) AWS Certification
8 19 (1.43%) CISM
9 17 (1.28%) DV Cleared
10 16 (1.20%) CCNP
11 11 (0.83%) Master's Degree
12 9 (0.68%) ISEB
13 8 (0.60%) SANS
14 7 (0.53%) ISTQB
14 7 (0.53%) ITIL Certification
15 5 (0.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 5 (0.38%) OCP
15 5 (0.38%) Oracle Certification
15 5 (0.38%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (2.78%) QA
2 28 (2.10%) GDPR
3 20 (1.50%) PCI DSS
4 18 (1.35%) FINRA
5 16 (1.20%) SLA
6 9 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (0.38%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.30%) EMIR
10 3 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.23%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.23%) MiFID
10 3 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.15%) PMO
11 2 (0.15%) SEPA
12 1 (0.075%) ARP4754
12 1 (0.075%) FISMA
12 1 (0.075%) GPG13
System Software
1 303 (22.75%) Docker
2 106 (7.96%) VMware Infrastructure
3 47 (3.53%) Active Directory
4 33 (2.48%) KVM
5 31 (2.33%) Hyper-V
6 22 (1.65%) VirtualBox
6 22 (1.65%) vSphere
7 21 (1.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 21 (1.58%) NFS
7 21 (1.58%) VMware ESXi
8 17 (1.28%) Firmware
9 15 (1.13%) Xen
10 14 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
11 11 (0.83%) Samba
12 9 (0.68%) Virtual Servers
13 8 (0.60%) Apache Flume
13 8 (0.60%) XenApp
14 7 (0.53%) Oracle RAC
14 7 (0.53%) Virtual Desktop
15 6 (0.45%) LXC
Systems Management
1 433 (32.51%) Puppet
2 356 (26.73%) Ansible
3 212 (15.92%) Opscode Chef
4 169 (12.69%) Terraform
5 139 (10.44%) Kubernetes
6 110 (8.26%) Nagios
7 100 (7.51%) Kibana
8 85 (6.38%) ZABBIX
9 74 (5.56%) Grafana
10 65 (4.88%) Salt
11 42 (3.15%) logstash
12 34 (2.55%) Packer
13 23 (1.73%) ITRS Geneos
14 21 (1.58%) Uchiwa
15 20 (1.50%) Rancher
16 19 (1.43%) BladeLogic
16 19 (1.43%) CFEngine
16 19 (1.43%) Docker Swarm
16 19 (1.43%) Pingdom
16 19 (1.43%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 313 (23.50%) Oracle
2 205 (15.39%) Red Hat
3 171 (12.84%) VMware
4 124 (9.31%) Splunk
5 107 (8.03%) Microsoft
6 80 (6.01%) Google
7 63 (4.73%) New Relic
8 60 (4.50%) Sybase
9 54 (4.05%) Cisco
10 44 (3.30%) Adobe
10 44 (3.30%) webMethods
11 41 (3.08%) Informatica
11 41 (3.08%) SaltStack
12 38 (2.85%) IBM
13 36 (2.70%) Juniper
14 34 (2.55%) Atlassian
15 30 (2.25%) Citrix
16 28 (2.10%) BEA
16 28 (2.10%) F5
17 27 (2.03%) ServiceNow