Period
to 21 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 21 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 150 128 142
Rank change year-on-year -22 +14 -4
Contract jobs citing Perl 1631 2133 1912
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.70% 1.97% 1.68%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.05% 5.01% 4.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 957 1402 1179
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £313 £310 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 37 49
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £38.00 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.58% -2.56% +4.00%
10th Percentile £32.75 £35.50 £25.50
90th Percentile £47.15 £58.75 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £38.00 £39.00
% change year-on-year -1.32% -2.56% +11.43%

Perl is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 40253 42547 42828
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 42.02% 39.23% 37.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 27660 29240 28495
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +1.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 767 911 914
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +4.48%
10th Percentile £16.00 £13.50 £15.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.25 £37.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +7.33% +4.17% +5.88%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 21 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 21 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 1431 £475 +5.56% 198
London -35 815 £525 +10.53% 115
UK excluding London -13 794 £425 +6.25% 100
South East -8 256 £425 - 27
Scotland -8 140 £425 +13.33% 14
North of England -32 118 £420 +20.86% 17
East of England +45 114 £500 +15.94% 25
Midlands +86 91 £400 +8.11% 3
West Midlands +69 56 £525 +45.83% 2
North East -7 50 £340 +8.37% 1
North West +45 48 £475 - 11
South West -52 34 £375 -8.54% 11
East Midlands +15 33 £375 +1.35% 1
Northern Ireland -22 33 £420 +19.91% 1
Yorkshire -34 20 £420 -6.67% 5
Wales -32 10 £438 +16.67% 2

For the 6 months to 21 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 1067 (65.42%) Linux
2 892 (54.69%) Python
3 803 (49.23%) Unix
4 542 (33.23%) Java
5 489 (29.98%) SQL
6 456 (27.96%) Finance
7 409 (25.08%) DevOps
8 385 (23.61%) Oracle
9 383 (23.48%) Bash Shell
10 349 (21.40%) Agile Software Development
11 338 (20.72%) Puppet
12 322 (19.74%) Windows
13 319 (19.56%) Red Hat
14 317 (19.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 301 (18.45%) Opscode Chef
16 281 (17.23%) Ansible
17 278 (17.04%) Shell Script
18 273 (16.74%) Ruby
19 272 (16.68%) Jenkins
20 261 (16.00%) Git (software)
21 255 (15.63%) Configuration Management
22 235 (14.41%) Amazon AWS
23 215 (13.18%) TCP/IP
24 212 (13.00%) Banking
25 211 (12.94%) Sybase
26 210 (12.88%) Docker
27 198 (12.14%) Relational Database
28 195 (11.96%) Solaris
29 192 (11.77%) Apache
29 192 (11.77%) Continuous Integration

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 192 (11.77%) Apache
2 142 (8.71%) Tomcat
3 140 (8.58%) JBoss
4 89 (5.46%) WebLogic
5 68 (4.17%) IIS
6 66 (4.05%) OpenStack
7 46 (2.82%) nginx
8 43 (2.64%) WebSphere
9 40 (2.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 38 (2.33%) Confluence
11 34 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
12 28 (1.72%) Apache Spark
13 27 (1.66%) MQSeries
14 22 (1.35%) SAS
15 19 (1.16%) WebSphere Application Server
16 18 (1.10%) iPlanet
17 17 (1.04%) CICS
18 16 (0.98%) Oracle Application Server
19 14 (0.86%) Apache Pig
20 12 (0.74%) WildFly
Applications
1 47 (2.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (1.90%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (1.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.43%) Doxygen
5 6 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.31%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.25%) SmartSuite
8 3 (0.18%) Pipeline Pilot
9 2 (0.12%) Simulink
9 2 (0.12%) SPSS
10 1 (0.061%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.061%) Mozilla Thunderbird
10 1 (0.061%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.061%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.061%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 23 (1.41%) SAP ERP
2 10 (0.61%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 6 (0.37%) RMDS
4 5 (0.31%) SimCorp Dimension
5 4 (0.25%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 4 (0.25%) Summit
6 2 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.12%) IntelliMatch
6 2 (0.12%) ION MarketView
6 2 (0.12%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.061%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.061%) Kondor
7 1 (0.061%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.061%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.061%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.061%) Orchestrade
7 1 (0.061%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.061%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.061%) Sophis RISQUE
Cloud Services
1 235 (14.41%) Amazon AWS
2 88 (5.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 47 (2.88%) OpenShift
4 40 (2.45%) PaaS
5 37 (2.27%) GitHub
6 32 (1.96%) IaaS
7 28 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
7 28 (1.72%) AWS CloudFormation
8 27 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
9 17 (1.04%) SaaS
10 16 (0.98%) Amazon S3
11 12 (0.74%) Google Cloud Platform
12 11 (0.67%) Google Analytics
12 11 (0.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 8 (0.49%) Amazon ELB
14 7 (0.43%) Akamai
14 7 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
15 6 (0.37%) Amazon EMR
15 6 (0.37%) Google Container Engine
15 6 (0.37%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 215 (13.18%) TCP/IP
2 179 (10.97%) Firewall
3 170 (10.42%) DNS
4 116 (7.11%) HTTP
5 113 (6.93%) SSL
6 110 (6.74%) LDAP
7 81 (4.97%) SAN
8 62 (3.80%) SSH
9 59 (3.62%) WAN
10 55 (3.37%) Internet
11 48 (2.94%) NAS
12 47 (2.88%) Network Security
13 46 (2.82%) VPN
14 45 (2.76%) DHCP
15 35 (2.15%) SNMP
16 34 (2.08%) LAN
17 29 (1.78%) Wireless
18 27 (1.66%) Kerberos
19 25 (1.53%) Ethernet
19 25 (1.53%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 198 (12.14%) Relational Database
2 129 (7.91%) MySQL
3 91 (5.58%) MongoDB
3 91 (5.58%) RDBMS
4 89 (5.46%) SQL Server
5 70 (4.29%) PostgreSQL
6 68 (4.17%) NoSQL
7 62 (3.80%) DB2
8 61 (3.74%) Big Data
9 56 (3.43%) Oracle Database
10 55 (3.37%) Hadoop
11 49 (3.00%) Apache Cassandra
12 36 (2.21%) Sybase ASE
13 26 (1.59%) KDB
14 24 (1.47%) Apache Hive
14 24 (1.47%) Redis
15 15 (0.92%) HBase
16 14 (0.86%) InterSystems Cache
17 13 (0.80%) Amazon RDS
17 13 (0.80%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 272 (16.68%) Jenkins
2 261 (16.00%) Git (software)
3 121 (7.42%) Subversion
4 96 (5.89%) JIRA
5 93 (5.70%) Maven
6 50 (3.07%) Selenium
6 50 (3.07%) Sonatype Nexus
7 42 (2.58%) Ant
8 40 (2.45%) JUnit
9 34 (2.08%) Cucumber
10 29 (1.78%) GitLab
11 28 (1.72%) Vagrant
12 24 (1.47%) Hudson
13 22 (1.35%) TeamCity
14 21 (1.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 21 (1.29%) Gradle
14 21 (1.29%) Team Foundation Server
15 20 (1.23%) Eclipse
16 19 (1.16%) Bitbucket
17 16 (0.98%) Artifactory
General
1 456 (27.96%) Finance
2 212 (13.00%) Banking
3 86 (5.27%) Front Office
4 85 (5.21%) Investment Banking
5 50 (3.07%) Telecoms
6 37 (2.27%) Financial Institution
7 25 (1.53%) Law
8 23 (1.41%) Retail
9 16 (0.98%) Marketing
10 13 (0.80%) Retail Banking
11 12 (0.74%) Back Office
12 10 (0.61%) Games
13 9 (0.55%) Legal
14 7 (0.43%) Manufacturing
15 6 (0.37%) Publishing
16 5 (0.31%) Electronics
17 4 (0.25%) Billing
17 4 (0.25%) Prime Brokerage
18 3 (0.18%) Multimedia
18 3 (0.18%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 398 (24.40%) Developer
2 230 (14.10%) DevOps Engineer
3 144 (8.83%) Administrator
4 134 (8.22%) Linux Engineer
5 113 (6.93%) Analyst
6 109 (6.68%) Consultant
7 88 (5.40%) Java Developer
8 82 (5.03%) Systems Administrator
9 73 (4.48%) Perl Developer
10 71 (4.35%) Linux Administrator
10 71 (4.35%) Unix Engineer
11 64 (3.92%) Architect
12 63 (3.86%) C++ Developer
13 59 (3.62%) Linux Systems Administrator
14 57 (3.49%) DBA
15 56 (3.43%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 53 (3.25%) Senior Developer
17 51 (3.13%) Cloud Engineer
18 49 (3.00%) AWS Engineer
19 44 (2.70%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (8.83%) XML
2 123 (7.54%) J2EE
3 111 (6.81%) HTML
4 108 (6.62%) Web Services
5 106 (6.50%) Middleware
6 101 (6.19%) .NET
7 78 (4.78%) Spring
8 69 (4.23%) CSS
9 65 (3.99%) REST
10 62 (3.80%) JSON
11 60 (3.68%) SOAP
12 52 (3.19%) Node.js
13 48 (2.94%) Elastic Stack
13 48 (2.94%) jQuery
14 47 (2.88%) Java EE
14 47 (2.88%) JMS
15 44 (2.70%) LAMP
15 44 (2.70%) RESTful
16 40 (2.45%) Hibernate
17 37 (2.27%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 134 (8.22%) Analytical Skills
2 98 (6.01%) Data Centre
3 92 (5.64%) Computer Science
4 69 (4.23%) Derivative
5 63 (3.86%) Equities
6 57 (3.49%) Clustering
7 51 (3.13%) Fixed Income
8 46 (2.82%) Management Information System
9 40 (2.45%) Greenfield Project
10 38 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 35 (2.15%) Equity Derivative
12 33 (2.02%) Linux Command Line
13 32 (1.96%) PKI
14 31 (1.90%) Replication
15 25 (1.53%) Client/Server
15 25 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
16 23 (1.41%) Public Cloud
17 19 (1.16%) Fintech
18 17 (1.04%) Mainframe
19 16 (0.98%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1067 (65.42%) Linux
2 803 (49.23%) Unix
3 322 (19.74%) Windows
4 317 (19.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 195 (11.96%) Solaris
6 123 (7.54%) CentOS
7 66 (4.05%) AIX
8 58 (3.56%) Windows Server
9 53 (3.25%) Ubuntu
10 36 (2.21%) Windows Server 2008
11 35 (2.15%) HPUX
12 33 (2.02%) Windows Server 2012
13 29 (1.78%) SUSE
14 16 (0.98%) VMS
15 15 (0.92%) zOS
16 14 (0.86%) Debian
17 13 (0.80%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 12 (0.74%) Windows XP
19 10 (0.61%) Windows 2000 Server
20 8 (0.49%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 409 (25.08%) DevOps
2 349 (21.40%) Agile Software Development
3 255 (15.63%) Configuration Management
4 192 (11.77%) Continuous Integration
5 149 (9.14%) Open Source
6 142 (8.71%) Test Automation
7 130 (7.97%) ITIL
8 127 (7.79%) SDLC
9 115 (7.05%) OO
10 103 (6.32%) Software Engineering
10 103 (6.32%) TDD
11 94 (5.76%) Scrum
12 91 (5.58%) Continuous Delivery
12 91 (5.58%) High Availability
12 91 (5.58%) Mentoring
13 87 (5.33%) Migration
14 86 (5.27%) Load Balancing
15 81 (4.97%) Disaster Recovery
16 79 (4.84%) Project Management
17 68 (4.17%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 892 (54.69%) Python
2 542 (33.23%) Java
3 489 (29.98%) SQL
4 383 (23.48%) Bash Shell
5 278 (17.04%) Shell Script
6 273 (16.74%) Ruby
7 174 (10.67%) Korn
8 168 (10.30%) PowerShell
9 163 (9.99%) C++
10 158 (9.69%) JavaScript
11 136 (8.34%) C
12 114 (6.99%) PHP
13 106 (6.50%) C#
14 59 (3.62%) PL/SQL
15 50 (3.07%) Scala
16 43 (2.64%) T-SQL
17 30 (1.84%) C-shell
17 30 (1.84%) VBA
18 28 (1.72%) Assembly Language
19 26 (1.59%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 145 (8.89%) Security Cleared
2 109 (6.68%) Degree
3 93 (5.70%) SC Cleared
4 45 (2.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (2.39%) CISSP
6 38 (2.33%) RHCE
7 31 (1.90%) RHCSA
8 29 (1.78%) DV Cleared
9 21 (1.29%) AWS Certification
10 17 (1.04%) Cisco Certification
11 15 (0.92%) CCNA
12 14 (0.86%) CCNP
12 14 (0.86%) SANS
13 12 (0.74%) Master's Degree
13 12 (0.74%) OCP
13 12 (0.74%) Oracle Certification
14 10 (0.61%) CEH
15 9 (0.55%) GIAC
15 9 (0.55%) RHCA
16 7 (0.43%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (3.25%) QA
2 25 (1.53%) MiFID
3 10 (0.61%) PCI DSS
4 7 (0.43%) SLA
5 5 (0.31%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.18%) EMIR
7 2 (0.12%) DO-254
7 2 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.061%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.061%) JTAG
8 1 (0.061%) MISRA
8 1 (0.061%) PMO
System Software
1 210 (12.88%) Docker
2 123 (7.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 72 (4.41%) Active Directory
4 56 (3.43%) NFS
5 46 (2.82%) Virtual Machines
6 43 (2.64%) Xen
7 39 (2.39%) Hyper-V
8 35 (2.15%) Samba
9 34 (2.08%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 31 (1.90%) KVM
11 22 (1.35%) VMware ESXi
12 20 (1.23%) VirtualBox
13 19 (1.16%) LXC
13 19 (1.16%) Oracle RAC
14 16 (0.98%) RACF
15 15 (0.92%) Firmware
15 15 (0.92%) Job Entry Subsystem
15 15 (0.92%) Time Sharing Option
15 15 (0.92%) vSphere
16 13 (0.80%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 338 (20.72%) Puppet
2 301 (18.45%) Opscode Chef
3 281 (17.23%) Ansible
4 88 (5.40%) Nagios
5 80 (4.90%) Kubernetes
6 58 (3.56%) Terraform
7 49 (3.00%) NetBackup
7 49 (3.00%) ZABBIX
8 37 (2.27%) logstash
9 34 (2.08%) Kibana
10 27 (1.66%) Grafana
10 27 (1.66%) Packer
11 24 (1.47%) Salt
12 23 (1.41%) ITRS Geneos
13 20 (1.23%) Red Hat Spacewalk
14 19 (1.16%) Red Hat Satellite
14 19 (1.16%) vCenter Server
15 18 (1.10%) Oracle RMAN
16 17 (1.04%) Control-M
17 16 (0.98%) Mesos
Vendors
1 385 (23.61%) Oracle
2 319 (19.56%) Red Hat
3 211 (12.94%) Sybase
4 186 (11.40%) VMware
5 108 (6.62%) Splunk
6 107 (6.56%) Microsoft
7 89 (5.46%) Sun
8 84 (5.15%) Cisco
9 80 (4.90%) IBM
10 74 (4.54%) HP
11 71 (4.35%) Veritas
12 58 (3.56%) SAP
13 55 (3.37%) F5
14 53 (3.25%) EMC
15 48 (2.94%) NetApp
16 40 (2.45%) Google
17 39 (2.39%) AppDynamics
18 35 (2.15%) SaltStack
19 29 (1.78%) WSO2
20 28 (1.72%) Citrix