Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 219 153 128
Rank change year-on-year -66 -25 +22
Contract jobs citing Perl 1,299 1,640 2,154
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 1.72% 1.97%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.87% 4.08% 5.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 755 961 1,431
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £329 £319 £310
90th Percentile £625 £615 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 39 36
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £38.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +4.58% -1.92%
10th Percentile £20.25 £32.75 £35.50
90th Percentile £53.51 £47.10 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £37.50 £38.00
% change year-on-year - -1.32% -2.56%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,266 40,161 42,702
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.23% 42.01% 39.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,751 27,611 29,341
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 739 772 900
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.02 £13.95
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.47% +8.00% +4.17%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -57 1,181 £475 - 337
London -51 647 £525 +1.45% 140
UK excluding London -66 625 £450 +5.88% 214
North of England +7 150 £425 +1.19% 46
South East -92 146 £425 - 49
East of England -14 110 £425 -15.00% 56
Midlands -16 93 £520 +30.00% 17
West Midlands -17 64 £525 - 12
Scotland -97 61 £475 +11.76% 14
North East -1 55 £365 +7.35% 6
North West -14 48 £484 +1.84% 26
Yorkshire +14 47 £445 +5.95% 14
South West -15 33 £488 +30.00% 29
East Midlands -2 29 £403 +7.33% 5
Wales +3 28 £475 +8.57% 2
Northern Ireland +6 4 £350 -16.67% 1

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 953 (73.36%) Python
2 903 (69.52%) Linux
3 519 (39.95%) Java
3 519 (39.95%) DevOps
4 471 (36.26%) Puppet
5 459 (35.33%) Unix
6 454 (34.95%) Agile Software Development
7 437 (33.64%) Jenkins
8 417 (32.10%) Ansible
9 414 (31.87%) Ruby
10 391 (30.10%) Bash Shell
11 387 (29.79%) Git (software)
12 386 (29.72%) Configuration Management
13 341 (26.25%) SQL
14 325 (25.02%) Amazon AWS
15 313 (24.10%) Windows
16 296 (22.79%) Docker
17 293 (22.56%) Continuous Integration
18 249 (19.17%) Oracle
19 244 (18.78%) Opscode Chef
20 233 (17.94%) Finance
21 226 (17.40%) Shell Script
22 214 (16.47%) JavaScript
23 205 (15.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
24 199 (15.32%) Open Source
25 191 (14.70%) Red Hat
26 179 (13.78%) Microsoft Azure
27 171 (13.16%) Test Automation
27 171 (13.16%) TCP/IP
28 169 (13.01%) Problem-Solving

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (10.55%) Apache
2 108 (8.31%) nginx
3 96 (7.39%) Tomcat
4 85 (6.54%) Elasticsearch
5 78 (6.00%) Confluence
5 78 (6.00%) WebLogic
6 52 (4.00%) JBoss
7 50 (3.85%) OpenStack
8 45 (3.46%) Apache Spark
9 35 (2.69%) WebSphere
10 32 (2.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 29 (2.23%) IIS
12 15 (1.15%) Jetty
13 14 (1.08%) Hyperledger
13 14 (1.08%) Tuxedo
14 13 (1.00%) Ethereum
15 12 (0.92%) WebSphere Application Server
16 11 (0.85%) CMS
17 10 (0.77%) Apache Pig
17 10 (0.77%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 18 (1.39%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (1.23%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (0.92%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.15%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.15%) Doxygen
5 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 6 (0.46%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.23%) Kondor
2 3 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.15%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
3 2 (0.15%) Documaker
3 2 (0.15%) Global One
3 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.15%) RMDS
4 1 (0.077%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.077%) HiPortfolio
4 1 (0.077%) Magento
4 1 (0.077%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 325 (25.02%) Amazon AWS
2 179 (13.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 93 (7.16%) GitHub
4 75 (5.77%) Cloud Computing
5 54 (4.16%) IaaS
6 36 (2.77%) Amazon EC2
6 36 (2.77%) Datadog
6 36 (2.77%) Google Analytics
7 32 (2.46%) Amazon S3
8 30 (2.31%) Google Cloud Platform
9 25 (1.92%) Amazon ELB
9 25 (1.92%) AWS CloudFormation
9 25 (1.92%) PaaS
10 21 (1.62%) OpenShift
11 15 (1.15%) Slack
12 11 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
13 10 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 10 (0.77%) Google App Engine
14 9 (0.69%) npm
15 7 (0.54%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 171 (13.16%) TCP/IP
2 156 (12.01%) HTTP
3 139 (10.70%) SSL
4 114 (8.78%) DNS
5 107 (8.24%) Firewall
6 56 (4.31%) Internet
7 39 (3.00%) SAN
7 39 (3.00%) SNMP
8 32 (2.46%) VPN
9 31 (2.39%) FTP
10 30 (2.31%) DHCP
10 30 (2.31%) SSH
11 28 (2.16%) MPLS
12 26 (2.00%) WAN
13 24 (1.85%) LAN
13 24 (1.85%) Network Security
14 23 (1.77%) Kerberos
15 20 (1.54%) NAS
15 20 (1.54%) Wireless
16 19 (1.46%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 160 (12.32%) MySQL
2 156 (12.01%) PostgreSQL
3 127 (9.78%) MongoDB
4 117 (9.01%) Relational Database
5 111 (8.55%) NoSQL
6 72 (5.54%) SQL Server
7 66 (5.08%) Big Data
8 59 (4.54%) Hadoop
9 50 (3.85%) Amazon Redshift
10 48 (3.70%) RDBMS
11 42 (3.23%) DB2
12 34 (2.62%) Oracle Database
13 30 (2.31%) BusinessObjects
14 29 (2.23%) Data Warehouse
15 26 (2.00%) Apache Cassandra
16 23 (1.77%) HBase
17 19 (1.46%) InfluxDB
18 18 (1.39%) Apache Hive
19 16 (1.23%) KDB
20 14 (1.08%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 437 (33.64%) Jenkins
2 387 (29.79%) Git (software)
3 146 (11.24%) JIRA
4 88 (6.77%) Artifactory
5 80 (6.16%) Maven
6 78 (6.00%) Subversion
7 72 (5.54%) TeamCity
8 70 (5.39%) Sonatype Nexus
9 69 (5.31%) Selenium
10 67 (5.16%) Cucumber
11 60 (4.62%) Ant
12 52 (4.00%) Bitbucket
13 42 (3.23%) IntelliJ
14 38 (2.93%) Gatling
15 36 (2.77%) Vagrant
16 27 (2.08%) GitLab
16 27 (2.08%) Grunt
16 27 (2.08%) gulp
16 27 (2.08%) Karma Test Runner
16 27 (2.08%) Sublime Text
General
1 233 (17.94%) Finance
2 98 (7.54%) Banking
3 48 (3.70%) Front Office
4 37 (2.85%) Telecoms
5 24 (1.85%) Investment Banking
6 21 (1.62%) Marketing
7 18 (1.39%) Financial Institution
7 18 (1.39%) Retail
8 15 (1.15%) Back Office
9 14 (1.08%) Games
10 10 (0.77%) Law
11 8 (0.62%) Electronics
12 7 (0.54%) Publishing
13 6 (0.46%) French Language
13 6 (0.46%) Manufacturing
14 4 (0.31%) Mandarin Language
14 4 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.23%) Corporate Banking
16 2 (0.15%) German Language
16 2 (0.15%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 332 (25.56%) DevOps Engineer
2 318 (24.48%) Developer
3 110 (8.47%) Administrator
4 82 (6.31%) Linux Engineer
5 81 (6.24%) AWS Engineer
6 75 (5.77%) AWS DevOps
7 63 (4.85%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 63 (4.85%) Java Developer
8 62 (4.77%) Python Developer
9 61 (4.70%) Linux Administrator
10 60 (4.62%) Analyst
11 58 (4.46%) Systems Administrator
12 56 (4.31%) Perl Developer
13 51 (3.93%) Python Engineer
14 50 (3.85%) Consultant
15 49 (3.77%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 43 (3.31%) Linux DevOps Engineer
17 41 (3.16%) Linux Systems Administrator
18 38 (2.93%) Applications Support
19 35 (2.69%) Operations Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 146 (11.24%) XML
2 111 (8.55%) Elastic Stack
3 107 (8.24%) Middleware
4 86 (6.62%) AngularJS
5 83 (6.39%) HTML
6 81 (6.24%) JSON
7 77 (5.93%) Web Services
8 71 (5.47%) J2EE
9 68 (5.23%) Node.js
10 67 (5.16%) RabbitMQ
11 66 (5.08%) Spring
12 62 (4.77%) CSS
13 53 (4.08%) SOAP
14 52 (4.00%) Servlets
15 47 (3.62%) ActiveMQ
16 44 (3.39%) .NET
16 44 (3.39%) Gherkin
16 44 (3.39%) LAMP
17 42 (3.23%) LEMP Stack
17 42 (3.23%) Sensu
Miscellaneous
1 98 (7.54%) Analytical Skills
2 80 (6.16%) Linux Command Line
3 74 (5.70%) Computer Science
4 72 (5.54%) Data Centre
5 42 (3.23%) Self-Motivation
6 32 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
6 32 (2.46%) Management Information System
7 29 (2.23%) Equities
8 28 (2.16%) Public Cloud
9 26 (2.00%) Clustering
10 25 (1.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 23 (1.77%) Mainframe
12 22 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
13 21 (1.62%) Algorithms
13 21 (1.62%) Data Structures
14 19 (1.46%) Fixed Income
15 17 (1.31%) Private Cloud
16 16 (1.23%) Replication
17 15 (1.15%) Virtual Team
18 13 (1.00%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 903 (69.52%) Linux
2 459 (35.33%) Unix
3 313 (24.10%) Windows
4 205 (15.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 116 (8.93%) Solaris
6 86 (6.62%) Ubuntu
7 66 (5.08%) Windows Server
8 65 (5.00%) AIX
9 64 (4.93%) CentOS
10 22 (1.69%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 17 (1.31%) Debian
12 15 (1.15%) HPUX
13 14 (1.08%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (0.92%) VME
15 11 (0.85%) SUSE
15 11 (0.85%) Windows Server 2012
16 9 (0.69%) Android
17 7 (0.54%) Fedora
18 6 (0.46%) Apple iOS
19 5 (0.38%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 519 (39.95%) DevOps
2 454 (34.95%) Agile Software Development
3 386 (29.72%) Configuration Management
4 293 (22.56%) Continuous Integration
5 199 (15.32%) Open Source
6 171 (13.16%) Test Automation
7 169 (13.01%) Problem-Solving
8 138 (10.62%) Deployment Automation
9 133 (10.24%) OO
10 110 (8.47%) Microservices
11 101 (7.78%) TDD
12 100 (7.70%) Migration
13 99 (7.62%) Software Engineering
14 91 (7.01%) Analytics
14 91 (7.01%) Scrum
14 91 (7.01%) Task Automation
15 90 (6.93%) SDLC
16 89 (6.85%) Load Balancing
17 87 (6.70%) ITIL
18 78 (6.00%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 953 (73.36%) Python
2 519 (39.95%) Java
3 414 (31.87%) Ruby
4 391 (30.10%) Bash Shell
5 341 (26.25%) SQL
6 226 (17.40%) Shell Script
7 214 (16.47%) JavaScript
8 144 (11.09%) C++
9 136 (10.47%) PowerShell
10 125 (9.62%) C#
11 117 (9.01%) C
12 106 (8.16%) PHP
13 78 (6.00%) Scala
14 75 (5.77%) Go
15 67 (5.16%) Groovy
16 65 (5.00%) PL/SQL
17 51 (3.93%) Korn
18 41 (3.16%) Haskell
19 24 (1.85%) Java 8
20 22 (1.69%) VB
Qualifications
1 130 (10.01%) Security Cleared
2 108 (8.31%) SC Cleared
3 92 (7.08%) Degree
4 35 (2.69%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.77%) Cisco Certification
6 18 (1.39%) CISSP
7 17 (1.31%) DV Cleared
8 15 (1.15%) CCNA
9 13 (1.00%) Master's Degree
10 12 (0.92%) CCNP
11 11 (0.85%) AWS Certification
11 11 (0.85%) CISM
12 9 (0.69%) RHCE
12 9 (0.69%) SANS
13 8 (0.62%) ISTQB
13 8 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
14 7 (0.54%) ISEB
15 5 (0.38%) JNCIP
15 5 (0.38%) OCP
15 5 (0.38%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (2.31%) QA
2 21 (1.62%) GDPR
3 16 (1.23%) GCP
4 13 (1.00%) SLA
5 10 (0.77%) FINRA
6 9 (0.69%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.46%) EMIR
7 6 (0.46%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.31%) MiFID
9 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 2 (0.15%) NIST 800
9 2 (0.15%) PMO
9 2 (0.15%) SEPA
10 1 (0.077%) ARP4754
10 1 (0.077%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.077%) SAS 70
System Software
1 296 (22.79%) Docker
2 72 (5.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (2.85%) NFS
4 33 (2.54%) Active Directory
5 29 (2.23%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 21 (1.62%) KVM
6 21 (1.62%) vSphere
6 21 (1.62%) Xen
7 19 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
8 18 (1.39%) Firmware
9 16 (1.23%) VMware ESXi
10 12 (0.92%) etcd
11 11 (0.85%) flannel
11 11 (0.85%) HDFS
11 11 (0.85%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (0.62%) VirtualBox
13 7 (0.54%) GlusterFS
13 7 (0.54%) Hyper-V
13 7 (0.54%) Varnish
13 7 (0.54%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 471 (36.26%) Puppet
2 417 (32.10%) Ansible
3 244 (18.78%) Opscode Chef
4 157 (12.09%) Terraform
5 146 (11.24%) Kubernetes
6 105 (8.08%) Nagios
7 84 (6.47%) Kibana
8 80 (6.16%) Salt
9 66 (5.08%) Grafana
10 53 (4.08%) logstash
11 51 (3.93%) ZABBIX
12 37 (2.85%) Packer
13 36 (2.77%) HAProxy
14 24 (1.85%) Pingdom
14 24 (1.85%) Uchiwa
15 22 (1.69%) NetBackup
16 21 (1.62%) CFEngine
17 18 (1.39%) Mesos
18 15 (1.15%) Oracle ZFS
18 15 (1.15%) Rancher
Vendors
1 249 (19.17%) Oracle
2 191 (14.70%) Red Hat
3 133 (10.24%) VMware
4 108 (8.31%) Splunk
5 94 (7.24%) Sybase
6 83 (6.39%) Microsoft
7 81 (6.24%) New Relic
8 63 (4.85%) Google
9 60 (4.62%) IBM
10 53 (4.08%) Adobe
11 52 (4.00%) Atlassian
12 47 (3.62%) SaltStack
13 44 (3.39%) Veritas
13 44 (3.39%) webMethods
14 43 (3.31%) Informatica
15 42 (3.23%) Sun
16 37 (2.85%) Cisco
17 32 (2.46%) BEA
18 27 (2.08%) HP
18 27 (2.08%) hybris