Period
to 23 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 23 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
23 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 211 154 121
Rank change year-on-year -57 -33 +26
Contract jobs citing Perl 1,312 1,569 2,137
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.31% 1.71% 2.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.02% 4.12% 5.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 795 968 1,442
UK median daily rate £476 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.11% +8.57% +2.34%
10th Percentile £344 £331 £313
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £400
% change year-on-year - +12.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 44 38
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +10.39% +2.67%
10th Percentile £20.25 £32.75 £34.80
90th Percentile £52.50 £47.35 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.50 £38.50
% change year-on-year -1.23% +5.19% +2.67%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,478 38,057 40,961
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.37% 41.56% 38.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,328 26,078 28,040
UK median daily rate £460 £438 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.14% +4.17% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £618 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £395 £375
% change year-on-year +2.53% +5.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 774 810 930
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.50 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.20% +9.21% +8.57%
10th Percentile £16.72 £17.00 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.50 £38.05
% change year-on-year -3.61% +9.07% +8.71%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 23 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 23 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 23 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -49 1,217 £488 +2.63% 388
London -45 729 £500 - 183
UK excluding London -63 559 £450 - 223
North of England +20 143 £420 - 63
South East -87 140 £425 -10.53% 56
East of England -21 93 £450 -10.00% 41
Midlands -10 78 £525 +25.00% 24
North East +45 56 £365 -21.08% 6
West Midlands -14 55 £530 +6.95% 21
Yorkshire +12 45 £450 +7.14% 14
Scotland -90 44 £376 -10.97% 12
North West -38 42 £484 +13.82% 43
South West -6 31 £500 +8.11% 21
Wales +1 26 £475 +2.70% 4
East Midlands +4 22 £450 +20.00% 2
Northern Ireland -21 4 £350 -33.33% 1

For the 6 months to 23 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 969 (73.86%) Python
2 901 (68.67%) Linux
3 532 (40.55%) DevOps
4 505 (38.49%) Java
5 493 (37.58%) Unix
6 458 (34.91%) Puppet
7 429 (32.70%) Ansible
8 424 (32.32%) Jenkins
9 411 (31.33%) Bash Shell
9 411 (31.33%) Ruby
10 407 (31.02%) Agile Software Development
11 370 (28.20%) Configuration Management
12 362 (27.59%) Git (software)
13 339 (25.84%) Amazon AWS
14 299 (22.79%) Docker
15 298 (22.71%) Windows
16 286 (21.80%) SQL
17 267 (20.35%) Opscode Chef
18 259 (19.74%) Finance
19 256 (19.51%) Continuous Integration
20 222 (16.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
21 219 (16.69%) Oracle
22 210 (16.01%) Red Hat
23 198 (15.09%) Open Source
24 192 (14.63%) Microsoft Azure
25 191 (14.56%) Shell Script
25 191 (14.56%) JavaScript
26 176 (13.41%) Problem-Solving
27 167 (12.73%) Kubernetes
28 159 (12.12%) Test Automation

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 147 (11.20%) Apache
2 99 (7.55%) Tomcat
3 94 (7.16%) nginx
4 88 (6.71%) Confluence
5 83 (6.33%) Elasticsearch
6 65 (4.95%) JBoss
7 54 (4.12%) WebLogic
8 50 (3.81%) Apache Spark
9 48 (3.66%) OpenStack
10 43 (3.28%) WebSphere
11 29 (2.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 27 (2.06%) IIS
13 20 (1.52%) WebSphere Application Server
14 16 (1.22%) Jetty
15 14 (1.07%) CMS
15 14 (1.07%) Mule ESB
16 13 (0.99%) Hyperledger
16 13 (0.99%) MS Exchange
17 12 (0.91%) Apache Solr
17 12 (0.91%) Ethereum
Applications
1 19 (1.45%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (1.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.76%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.23%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.15%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.076%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 6 (0.46%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 5 (0.38%) Magento
3 4 (0.30%) HiPortfolio
3 4 (0.30%) Kondor
4 3 (0.23%) RMDS
5 2 (0.15%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
5 2 (0.15%) Documaker
6 1 (0.076%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.076%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.076%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.076%) Eikon
6 1 (0.076%) Global One
6 1 (0.076%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.076%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.076%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.076%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 339 (25.84%) Amazon AWS
2 192 (14.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 80 (6.10%) Cloud Computing
4 74 (5.64%) GitHub
5 49 (3.73%) IaaS
6 37 (2.82%) Amazon EC2
7 35 (2.67%) Datadog
8 34 (2.59%) Google Cloud Platform
9 32 (2.44%) Amazon S3
9 32 (2.44%) OpenShift
10 30 (2.29%) PaaS
11 28 (2.13%) AWS CloudFormation
12 19 (1.45%) Amazon ELB
13 15 (1.14%) Google Analytics
14 14 (1.07%) Slack
15 11 (0.84%) AWS Lambda
16 10 (0.76%) Amazon SQS
17 9 (0.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 8 (0.61%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 8 (0.61%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 144 (10.98%) TCP/IP
2 120 (9.15%) HTTP
3 112 (8.54%) Firewall
4 110 (8.38%) SSL
5 109 (8.31%) DNS
6 53 (4.04%) Internet
7 49 (3.73%) SNMP
8 48 (3.66%) SAN
9 34 (2.59%) FTP
9 34 (2.59%) SSH
10 32 (2.44%) DHCP
11 29 (2.21%) WAN
12 28 (2.13%) VPN
13 27 (2.06%) MPLS
14 26 (1.98%) Network Security
15 25 (1.91%) LAN
16 24 (1.83%) Kerberos
17 23 (1.75%) SMTP
18 20 (1.52%) NAS
19 17 (1.30%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 158 (12.04%) PostgreSQL
2 157 (11.97%) MySQL
3 118 (8.99%) Relational Database
4 102 (7.77%) NoSQL
5 97 (7.39%) MongoDB
6 81 (6.17%) SQL Server
7 80 (6.10%) Big Data
8 58 (4.42%) RDBMS
9 54 (4.12%) Hadoop
10 43 (3.28%) Amazon Redshift
10 43 (3.28%) DB2
11 36 (2.74%) Oracle Database
12 25 (1.91%) Data Warehouse
13 22 (1.68%) Apache Cassandra
14 20 (1.52%) HBase
15 18 (1.37%) Blockchain
15 18 (1.37%) KDB
16 15 (1.14%) BusinessObjects
17 14 (1.07%) Apache Hive
18 12 (0.91%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 424 (32.32%) Jenkins
2 362 (27.59%) Git (software)
3 152 (11.59%) JIRA
4 93 (7.09%) Subversion
5 78 (5.95%) Maven
6 71 (5.41%) TeamCity
7 70 (5.34%) Artifactory
8 67 (5.11%) Sonatype Nexus
9 46 (3.51%) Cucumber
9 46 (3.51%) Selenium
10 44 (3.35%) Ant
11 39 (2.97%) Bitbucket
12 38 (2.90%) Vagrant
13 28 (2.13%) JUnit
14 27 (2.06%) GitLab
15 25 (1.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 20 (1.52%) IntelliJ
17 19 (1.45%) ClearCase
18 18 (1.37%) Gatling
19 17 (1.30%) Gradle
General
1 259 (19.74%) Finance
2 123 (9.38%) Banking
3 52 (3.96%) Front Office
4 36 (2.74%) Investment Banking
5 27 (2.06%) Financial Institution
6 24 (1.83%) Telecoms
7 21 (1.60%) Retail
8 15 (1.14%) Marketing
9 14 (1.07%) Games
10 11 (0.84%) Law
10 11 (0.84%) Publishing
11 9 (0.69%) Back Office
12 7 (0.53%) Electronics
13 5 (0.38%) French Language
14 4 (0.30%) Mandarin Language
14 4 (0.30%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.23%) Automotive
15 3 (0.23%) Corporate Banking
15 3 (0.23%) German Language
16 2 (0.15%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 344 (26.22%) DevOps Engineer
2 287 (21.88%) Developer
3 114 (8.69%) Administrator
4 92 (7.01%) Linux Engineer
5 88 (6.71%) AWS Engineer
6 84 (6.40%) AWS DevOps
7 72 (5.49%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 65 (4.95%) Systems Administrator
9 60 (4.57%) Analyst
9 60 (4.57%) Linux Administrator
10 57 (4.34%) Java Developer
11 56 (4.27%) Python Developer
12 53 (4.04%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 51 (3.89%) Perl Developer
14 48 (3.66%) Consultant
15 47 (3.58%) Linux DevOps Engineer
16 44 (3.35%) Linux Systems Administrator
17 39 (2.97%) C++ Developer
17 39 (2.97%) Python Engineer
18 37 (2.82%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 118 (8.99%) XML
2 106 (8.08%) Elastic Stack
3 97 (7.39%) Middleware
4 85 (6.48%) Web Services
5 81 (6.17%) HTML
6 76 (5.79%) JSON
7 75 (5.72%) AngularJS
8 65 (4.95%) RabbitMQ
9 58 (4.42%) J2EE
10 55 (4.19%) Spring
11 53 (4.04%) .NET
11 53 (4.04%) CSS
12 52 (3.96%) Node.js
13 51 (3.89%) LAMP
14 47 (3.58%) LEMP Stack
15 46 (3.51%) ActiveMQ
16 41 (3.13%) SOAP
17 39 (2.97%) jQuery
18 38 (2.90%) LDAP
18 38 (2.90%) React
Miscellaneous
1 122 (9.30%) Analytical Skills
2 78 (5.95%) Linux Command Line
3 74 (5.64%) Data Centre
4 67 (5.11%) Computer Science
5 46 (3.51%) Public Cloud
6 44 (3.35%) Enterprise Software
7 37 (2.82%) Self-Motivation
8 31 (2.36%) Algorithms
8 31 (2.36%) Equities
9 30 (2.29%) Management Information System
10 27 (2.06%) Clustering
11 26 (1.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 26 (1.98%) Greenfield Project
12 25 (1.91%) Data Structures
13 24 (1.83%) Fixed Income
14 17 (1.30%) Replication
15 16 (1.22%) Virtual Team
16 15 (1.14%) Derivative
16 15 (1.14%) Fintech
17 13 (0.99%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 901 (68.67%) Linux
2 493 (37.58%) Unix
3 298 (22.71%) Windows
4 222 (16.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 109 (8.31%) Solaris
6 69 (5.26%) Ubuntu
7 65 (4.95%) CentOS
8 62 (4.73%) AIX
9 54 (4.12%) Windows Server
10 20 (1.52%) HPUX
11 17 (1.30%) Debian
11 17 (1.30%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 14 (1.07%) Windows Server 2008
13 12 (0.91%) Windows Server 2012
14 10 (0.76%) SUSE
15 6 (0.46%) Fedora
16 5 (0.38%) Android
16 5 (0.38%) Apple iOS
16 5 (0.38%) DC/OS
16 5 (0.38%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 532 (40.55%) DevOps
2 407 (31.02%) Agile Software Development
3 370 (28.20%) Configuration Management
4 256 (19.51%) Continuous Integration
5 198 (15.09%) Open Source
6 176 (13.41%) Problem-Solving
7 159 (12.12%) Test Automation
8 137 (10.44%) OO
9 127 (9.68%) Deployment Automation
10 110 (8.38%) Migration
11 109 (8.31%) Continuous Delivery
12 107 (8.16%) TDD
13 100 (7.62%) SDLC
14 96 (7.32%) Scrum
15 95 (7.24%) ITIL
16 89 (6.78%) Microservices
17 87 (6.63%) Load Balancing
18 86 (6.55%) Task Automation
19 84 (6.40%) High Availability
20 72 (5.49%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 969 (73.86%) Python
2 505 (38.49%) Java
3 411 (31.33%) Bash Shell
3 411 (31.33%) Ruby
4 286 (21.80%) SQL
5 191 (14.56%) JavaScript
5 191 (14.56%) Shell Script
6 156 (11.89%) PowerShell
7 148 (11.28%) C++
8 117 (8.92%) PHP
9 107 (8.16%) C#
10 104 (7.93%) C
11 74 (5.64%) Korn
12 59 (4.50%) Scala
13 57 (4.34%) Go
14 48 (3.66%) Groovy
15 35 (2.67%) PL/SQL
16 29 (2.21%) VB
17 22 (1.68%) AWK
18 21 (1.60%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 135 (10.29%) Security Cleared
2 105 (8.00%) SC Cleared
3 102 (7.77%) Degree
4 30 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.45%) Cisco Certification
6 18 (1.37%) DV Cleared
7 13 (0.99%) CCNP
8 11 (0.84%) CCNA
9 10 (0.76%) AWS Certification
9 10 (0.76%) CISSP
9 10 (0.76%) SANS
10 9 (0.69%) RHCE
11 7 (0.53%) ISTQB
11 7 (0.53%) Master's Degree
11 7 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
12 5 (0.38%) ISEB
12 5 (0.38%) OCP
12 5 (0.38%) Oracle Certification
12 5 (0.38%) RHCSA
13 4 (0.30%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (2.59%) QA
2 18 (1.37%) GCP
3 15 (1.14%) GDPR
4 10 (0.76%) SLA
5 9 (0.69%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.38%) EMIR
6 5 (0.38%) MiFID
7 3 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 2 (0.15%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.076%) ARP4754
9 1 (0.076%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.076%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.076%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.076%) SAS 70
System Software
1 299 (22.79%) Docker
2 60 (4.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 39 (2.97%) Active Directory
4 37 (2.82%) NFS
5 32 (2.44%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 27 (2.06%) Virtual Machines
7 25 (1.91%) Firmware
8 20 (1.52%) vSphere
8 20 (1.52%) Xen
9 15 (1.14%) KVM
10 14 (1.07%) VMware ESXi
11 13 (0.99%) HDFS
12 12 (0.91%) etcd
13 11 (0.84%) flannel
14 10 (0.76%) iptables
14 10 (0.76%) Samba
15 8 (0.61%) GlusterFS
15 8 (0.61%) Oracle RAC
15 8 (0.61%) VirtualBox
16 7 (0.53%) GeoWebCache
Systems Management
1 458 (34.91%) Puppet
2 429 (32.70%) Ansible
3 267 (20.35%) Opscode Chef
4 167 (12.73%) Kubernetes
5 150 (11.43%) Terraform
6 92 (7.01%) Nagios
7 76 (5.79%) Salt
8 52 (3.96%) ZABBIX
9 51 (3.89%) Grafana
10 50 (3.81%) Kibana
11 42 (3.20%) logstash
12 41 (3.13%) HAProxy
13 39 (2.97%) Packer
14 27 (2.06%) CFEngine
15 24 (1.83%) Mesos
16 22 (1.68%) NetBackup
17 17 (1.30%) Pingdom
18 15 (1.14%) Oracle ZFS
19 14 (1.07%) Rancher
19 14 (1.07%) Uchiwa
Vendors
1 219 (16.69%) Oracle
2 210 (16.01%) Red Hat
3 112 (8.54%) Splunk
4 109 (8.31%) VMware
5 97 (7.39%) Sybase
6 78 (5.95%) New Relic
7 77 (5.87%) Microsoft
8 59 (4.50%) IBM
9 53 (4.04%) Atlassian
10 48 (3.66%) SaltStack
11 47 (3.58%) Veritas
12 46 (3.51%) Google
12 46 (3.51%) Sun
13 38 (2.90%) Adobe
14 37 (2.82%) HP
15 34 (2.59%) Cisco
16 27 (2.06%) CA
17 26 (1.98%) AppDynamics
17 26 (1.98%) EMC
17 26 (1.98%) Informatica