Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 375 298 293
Rank change year-on-year -77 -5 -68
Contract jobs citing Perl 442 310 841
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.62% 0.84% 0.92%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.53% 2.04% 2.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 280 208 522
10th Percentile £362 £331 £350
25th Percentile £413 £401 £411
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £490 £475 £518
Median % change year-on-year +3.16% -8.21% +8.95%
75th Percentile £575 £558 £600
90th Percentile £650 £650 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £470
% change year-on-year -5.26% +1.06% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 8 27
10th Percentile £38.85 " £18.35
25th Percentile £41.25 £31.50 £28.38
Median hourly rate £52.50 £36.00 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year +45.83% -16.28% +7.50%
75th Percentile £63.75 £49.18 £51.63
90th Percentile £65.55 £60.05 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £46.40 £38.00
% change year-on-year +13.15% +22.11% -5.00%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,859 15,162 39,071
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.21% 41.27% 42.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,449 10,687 27,316
10th Percentile £350 £325 £323
25th Percentile £413 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
75th Percentile £606 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £679 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 470 274 662
10th Percentile £16.11 £16.08 £20.31
25th Percentile £25.00 £21.68 £34.00
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £44.96
Median % change year-on-year - -5.47% +11.01%
75th Percentile £55.00 £50.00 £50.97
90th Percentile £65.28 £57.85 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.25 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -0.59% -5.56% +11.11%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -64 372 £493 -1.50% 167
UK excluding London -50 193 £450 -5.26% 110
London -101 178 £509 +1.70% 71
Work from Home -164 121 £495 +5.32% 35
South East -40 59 £410 -13.23% 23
Midlands +6 55 £478 +12.35% 18
West Midlands +10 52 £490 +15.29% 16
Scotland -54 36 £490 +15.29% 11
North of England -35 21 £452 -9.60% 24
North West -30 18 £452 -13.90% 17
East of England -11 11 £463 +8.82% 18
South West -28 10 £438 -32.69% 13
Yorkshire -22 3 £440 -2.27% 5
East Midlands - 3 £433 - 2
Wales -4 1 £600 +26.32% 2

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 289 (65.38%) Python
2 222 (50.23%) Linux
3 203 (45.93%) Java
4 192 (43.44%) SQL
5 177 (40.05%) Unix
6 150 (33.94%) Oracle
7 133 (30.09%) Bash Shell
8 130 (29.41%) DevOps
9 125 (28.28%) Social Skills
10 120 (27.15%) Agile Software Development
11 119 (26.92%) Git (software)
12 115 (26.02%) Ansible
13 111 (25.11%) Jenkins
14 106 (23.98%) Shell Script
15 104 (23.53%) AWS
16 96 (21.72%) Windows
17 91 (20.59%) Finance
17 91 (20.59%) Azure
18 90 (20.36%) Configuration Management
19 84 (19.00%) MySQL
20 83 (18.78%) PHP
21 82 (18.55%) Red Hat
21 82 (18.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
22 77 (17.42%) PowerShell
23 72 (16.29%) PL/SQL
23 72 (16.29%) Docker
24 70 (15.84%) Security Cleared
24 70 (15.84%) JIRA
25 69 (15.61%) Software Engineering
25 69 (15.61%) Kubernetes

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (8.60%) WebLogic
2 31 (7.01%) Confluence
3 25 (5.66%) Tomcat
4 23 (5.20%) Apache
5 19 (4.30%) SAS
6 13 (2.94%) Apache Spark
7 9 (2.04%) SharePoint
8 8 (1.81%) OpenStack
9 6 (1.36%) Apache Pig
9 6 (1.36%) nginx
9 6 (1.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 6 (1.36%) WebSphere
10 5 (1.13%) Apache Solr
10 5 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
10 5 (1.13%) WebSphere Application Server
11 4 (0.90%) IIS
11 4 (0.90%) JBoss
12 2 (0.45%) IBM Domino
12 2 (0.45%) MS Exchange
12 2 (0.45%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 17 (3.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.81%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (2.26%) Summit
2 3 (0.68%) Magento
2 3 (0.68%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.68%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.68%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.23%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 1 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.23%) Teamcenter
3 1 (0.23%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 104 (23.53%) AWS
2 91 (20.59%) Azure
3 29 (6.56%) GitHub
4 27 (6.11%) Amazon EKS
5 25 (5.66%) GCP
5 25 (5.66%) PaaS
6 24 (5.43%) IaaS
7 22 (4.98%) SaaS
8 14 (3.17%) OpenShift
9 9 (2.04%) Amazon EC2
10 8 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
10 8 (1.81%) Serverless
11 6 (1.36%) Amazon ELB
11 6 (1.36%) Azure Active Directory
11 6 (1.36%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 6 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (1.13%) Amazon S3
12 5 (1.13%) Azure Pipelines
12 5 (1.13%) Azure Storage
12 5 (1.13%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 29 (6.56%) DNS
2 26 (5.88%) TCP/IP
3 21 (4.75%) SAN
4 16 (3.62%) HTTP
5 15 (3.39%) Firewall
6 14 (3.17%) SNMP
7 12 (2.71%) Internet
7 12 (2.71%) WAN
8 11 (2.49%) IPv4
8 11 (2.49%) LAN
8 11 (2.49%) SSH
8 11 (2.49%) TACACS
9 8 (1.81%) DHCP
9 8 (1.81%) Kerberos
10 7 (1.58%) SSL
10 7 (1.58%) VPN
11 5 (1.13%) NAS
12 4 (0.90%) Fibre Channel
12 4 (0.90%) IPsec
12 4 (0.90%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (19.00%) MySQL
2 39 (8.82%) Relational Database
3 35 (7.92%) SQL Server
4 26 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
5 25 (5.66%) Hadoop
5 25 (5.66%) MongoDB
6 24 (5.43%) Oracle Database
7 22 (4.98%) HBase
8 21 (4.75%) Data Warehouse
9 17 (3.85%) RDBMS
10 14 (3.17%) Apache Hive
10 14 (3.17%) NoSQL
10 14 (3.17%) Pentaho
11 11 (2.49%) DB2
11 11 (2.49%) Oracle Database 12c
12 10 (2.26%) Apache Cassandra
12 10 (2.26%) Oracle Database 11g
13 8 (1.81%) Data Mart
13 8 (1.81%) Flink
14 7 (1.58%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 119 (26.92%) Git (software)
2 111 (25.11%) Jenkins
3 70 (15.84%) JIRA
4 48 (10.86%) Bitbucket
5 31 (7.01%) Subversion
6 30 (6.79%) CA Gen
7 25 (5.66%) GitLab
8 22 (4.98%) Maven
9 19 (4.30%) Artifactory
10 18 (4.07%) Eclipse
10 18 (4.07%) Visual Studio
11 12 (2.71%) TeamCity
12 11 (2.49%) Ant
13 10 (2.26%) Sonatype Nexus
14 9 (2.04%) Selenium
14 9 (2.04%) SonarQube
15 8 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 8 (1.81%) JMeter
16 7 (1.58%) LoadRunner
16 7 (1.58%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 125 (28.28%) Social Skills
2 91 (20.59%) Finance
3 60 (13.57%) Analytical Skills
4 50 (11.31%) Banking
5 44 (9.95%) Public Sector
6 29 (6.56%) Telecoms
7 24 (5.43%) Electronics
8 23 (5.20%) Manufacturing
9 22 (4.98%) Marketing
10 20 (4.52%) Investment Banking
11 18 (4.07%) Front Office
12 12 (2.71%) Documentation Skills
13 11 (2.49%) Back Office
13 11 (2.49%) Retail
14 5 (1.13%) Financial Institution
14 5 (1.13%) German Language
14 5 (1.13%) Presentation Skills
15 4 (0.90%) Law
15 4 (0.90%) Publishing
16 3 (0.68%) Legal
Job Titles
1 107 (24.21%) Developer
2 66 (14.93%) DevOps Engineer
3 35 (7.92%) Administrator
4 32 (7.24%) Software Engineer
5 23 (5.20%) Cloud Engineer
5 23 (5.20%) Systems Administrator
6 17 (3.85%) Java Developer
7 16 (3.62%) Consultant
7 16 (3.62%) Linux Engineer
8 15 (3.39%) Linux Administrator
8 15 (3.39%) Programmer
9 14 (3.17%) PHP Developer
9 14 (3.17%) Senior DevOps
9 14 (3.17%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 13 (2.94%) Automation Engineer
10 13 (2.94%) Perl Developer
11 12 (2.71%) Analyst
11 12 (2.71%) Python Developer
12 11 (2.49%) Architect
12 11 (2.49%) C Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (8.82%) Kafka
1 39 (8.82%) Web Services
2 36 (8.14%) J2EE
3 32 (7.24%) Elastic Stack
4 27 (6.11%) REST
5 26 (5.88%) LDAP
6 22 (4.98%) SOAP
7 20 (4.52%) XML
8 19 (4.30%) HTML
9 18 (4.07%) .NET
10 17 (3.85%) Spring
11 16 (3.62%) JSON
12 13 (2.94%) AngularJS
12 13 (2.94%) Middleware
12 13 (2.94%) RESTful
13 12 (2.71%) Node.js
14 10 (2.26%) LAMP
15 8 (1.81%) JDBC
15 8 (1.81%) Spark Streaming
15 8 (1.81%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 23 (5.20%) Linux Command Line
2 21 (4.75%) Data Centre
3 18 (4.07%) Fixed Income
4 17 (3.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 17 (3.85%) Management Information System
4 17 (3.85%) Replication
5 15 (3.39%) Derivative
6 14 (3.17%) Public Cloud
6 14 (3.17%) Self-Motivation
7 12 (2.71%) Clustering
7 12 (2.71%) Equities
8 11 (2.49%) Cloud Native
9 8 (1.81%) Data Protection Act
10 6 (1.36%) CMDB
10 6 (1.36%) Mobile App
10 6 (1.36%) Robotics
10 6 (1.36%) User Experience
11 5 (1.13%) Legacy Applications
12 4 (0.90%) Mainframe
12 4 (0.90%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 222 (50.23%) Linux
2 177 (40.05%) Unix
3 96 (21.72%) Windows
4 82 (18.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 29 (6.56%) Solaris
6 18 (4.07%) CentOS
7 15 (3.39%) Windows Server
8 10 (2.26%) Debian
9 9 (2.04%) AIX
9 9 (2.04%) VMS
10 8 (1.81%) Ubuntu
11 6 (1.36%) Android
11 6 (1.36%) Apple iOS
11 6 (1.36%) SUSE
12 3 (0.68%) Alpine Linux
12 3 (0.68%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 2 (0.45%) Data ONTAP
13 2 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.45%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 130 (29.41%) DevOps
2 120 (27.15%) Agile Software Development
3 90 (20.36%) Configuration Management
4 69 (15.61%) Software Engineering
5 67 (15.16%) Scrum
6 63 (14.25%) Business Intelligence
7 61 (13.80%) Problem-Solving
8 47 (10.63%) Test Strategy
9 46 (10.41%) Computer Science
10 45 (10.18%) Analytics
10 45 (10.18%) Microservices
11 44 (9.95%) Infrastructure as Code
12 43 (9.73%) Process Improvement
13 42 (9.50%) Continuous Integration
14 39 (8.82%) Data Modelling
14 39 (8.82%) OO
14 39 (8.82%) Waterfall
15 38 (8.60%) Migration
16 33 (7.47%) Problem Management
17 31 (7.01%) RUP
Programming Languages
1 289 (65.38%) Python
2 203 (45.93%) Java
3 192 (43.44%) SQL
4 133 (30.09%) Bash Shell
5 106 (23.98%) Shell Script
6 83 (18.78%) PHP
7 77 (17.42%) PowerShell
8 72 (16.29%) PL/SQL
9 64 (14.48%) C#
10 55 (12.44%) C++
11 54 (12.22%) JavaScript
11 54 (12.22%) Ruby
12 49 (11.09%) C
13 24 (5.43%) COBOL
14 19 (4.30%) Go
15 18 (4.07%) Scala
16 17 (3.85%) R
17 16 (3.62%) VBA
18 14 (3.17%) AWK
18 14 (3.17%) HiveQL
Qualifications
1 70 (15.84%) Security Cleared
2 59 (13.35%) SC Cleared
3 53 (11.99%) Degree
4 33 (7.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.58%) RHCE
6 5 (1.13%) CISSP
6 5 (1.13%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.68%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.68%) CCNA
7 3 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (0.68%) LPIC
7 3 (0.68%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.68%) RHCSA
8 2 (0.45%) HNC
8 2 (0.45%) HND
8 2 (0.45%) RHCT
8 2 (0.45%) VCAP
8 2 (0.45%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 1 (0.23%) CEH
9 1 (0.23%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (3.85%) QA
2 8 (1.81%) GDPR
3 7 (1.58%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.58%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 2 (0.45%) Cyber Essentials
4 2 (0.45%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 1 (0.23%) Accessibility
5 1 (0.23%) GRC
5 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.23%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.23%) SLA
5 1 (0.23%) SOC 1
5 1 (0.23%) SOC 2
System Software
1 72 (16.29%) Docker
2 41 (9.28%) Active Directory
3 36 (8.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (3.17%) HDFS
5 9 (2.04%) Oracle RAC
5 9 (2.04%) VMware ESXi
6 8 (1.81%) Hyper-V
7 7 (1.58%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (1.36%) Veritas File System
9 5 (1.13%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 4 (0.90%) NFS
10 4 (0.90%) RACF
10 4 (0.90%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 4 (0.90%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.68%) Firmware
11 3 (0.68%) GlusterFS
11 3 (0.68%) iptables
12 2 (0.45%) Samba
12 2 (0.45%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 2 (0.45%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 115 (26.02%) Ansible
2 69 (15.61%) Kubernetes
3 57 (12.90%) Terraform
4 53 (11.99%) Puppet
5 33 (7.47%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (7.01%) Grafana
7 24 (5.43%) Prometheus
7 24 (5.43%) Rancher
8 21 (4.75%) Kibana
9 20 (4.52%) logstash
10 19 (4.30%) Consul
10 19 (4.30%) Fluentd
10 19 (4.30%) Istio
11 13 (2.94%) SCCM
12 11 (2.49%) Red Hat Satellite
12 11 (2.49%) Tivoli
13 10 (2.26%) Control-M
14 9 (2.04%) Salt
15 8 (1.81%) HP NNM
15 8 (1.81%) Netcool
Vendors
1 150 (33.94%) Oracle
2 82 (18.55%) Red Hat
3 50 (11.31%) VMware
4 39 (8.82%) Splunk
5 37 (8.37%) SAP
6 33 (7.47%) BEA
7 32 (7.24%) HP
7 32 (7.24%) webMethods
8 31 (7.01%) Pega
9 28 (6.33%) Google
9 28 (6.33%) IBM
9 28 (6.33%) Microsoft
10 26 (5.88%) Sybase
11 24 (5.43%) Informatica
12 21 (4.75%) AppDynamics
13 18 (4.07%) Talend
14 17 (3.85%) Micro Focus
15 16 (3.62%) EMC
16 15 (3.39%) BMC
17 14 (3.17%) ServiceNow