Period
to 26 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 26 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 235 278 216
Rank change year-on-year +43 -62 -53
Contract jobs citing Perl 319 828 1,318
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.08% 0.94% 1.28%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.56% 2.23% 2.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 205 475 781
Median daily rate £470 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £303 £331 £323
90th Percentile £650 £675 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £428
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.26% +1.79%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 22 16
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £36.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +10.34% -9.38%
10th Percentile £31.08 £25.88 £20.25
90th Percentile £51.95 £52.50 £54.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.75 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -15.63% +6.67% -4.46%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 12,473 37,133 45,723
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.34% 42.21% 44.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,229 25,689 32,171
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £320 £313
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +1.18% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 327 680 715
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.53
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +5.95% +3.83%
10th Percentile £13.75 £20.19 £16.41
90th Percentile £53.75 £55.05 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year -20.45% +4.76% +4.35%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 272 £475 -5.00% 96
London +24 161 £500 -6.98% 34
UK excluding London +115 141 £425 -5.56% 65
South East +127 42 £413 -13.16% 18
Scotland +71 32 £403 -5.29% 2
Work from Home -44 27 £450 +10.43% 11
South West +90 19 £650 +44.44% 10
North of England +83 18 £275 -38.89% 13
East of England +69 18 £450 +15.38% 12
North West +60 9 £365 -18.89% 6
Yorkshire +58 9 £270 -37.75% 6
Midlands +69 8 £360 -25.19% 9
West Midlands +64 7 £360 -24.21% 8
Northern Ireland +15 3 £556 +30.88%
East Midlands +54 1 - - 1
Wales +28 1 £475 +5.56% 1

For the 6 months to 26 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 224 (70.22%) Python
2 184 (57.68%) Linux
3 114 (35.74%) Java
4 109 (34.17%) Unix
5 97 (30.41%) SQL
6 90 (28.21%) Oracle
7 84 (26.33%) Bash Shell
8 82 (25.71%) Windows
9 77 (24.14%) DevOps
10 74 (23.20%) Jenkins
11 73 (22.88%) Shell Script
11 73 (22.88%) Agile Software Development
12 66 (20.69%) AWS
13 62 (19.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 62 (19.44%) Git (software)
14 61 (19.12%) Red Hat
14 61 (19.12%) Finance
14 61 (19.12%) Docker
15 58 (18.18%) Kubernetes
15 58 (18.18%) Security Cleared
16 57 (17.87%) Ansible
17 56 (17.55%) Puppet
18 53 (16.61%) JIRA
19 52 (16.30%) VMware
20 48 (15.05%) Configuration Management
20 48 (15.05%) Test Automation
21 47 (14.73%) Problem-Solving
22 44 (13.79%) IBM
23 42 (13.17%) SQL Server
24 40 (12.54%) MySQL

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (10.03%) Confluence
2 29 (9.09%) Apache
3 25 (7.84%) WebLogic
4 17 (5.33%) Tomcat
5 16 (5.02%) JBoss
6 14 (4.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 10 (3.13%) Apache Spark
7 10 (3.13%) Elasticsearch
8 9 (2.82%) IIS
9 8 (2.51%) MQSeries
9 8 (2.51%) Oracle Service Bus
10 7 (2.19%) nginx
10 7 (2.19%) WebSphere
11 6 (1.88%) OpenStack
12 5 (1.57%) Jetty
12 5 (1.57%) Oracle Self-Service HR
12 5 (1.57%) Red Hat Fuse
13 4 (1.25%) Apache Pig
14 3 (0.94%) SAS
14 3 (0.94%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.31%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 5 (1.57%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (1.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (0.94%) Magento
4 2 (0.63%) OpenText Process Suite
4 2 (0.63%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.63%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.63%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.63%) Remedy ITSM
4 2 (0.63%) Siebel CRM
4 2 (0.63%) StreamServe
5 1 (0.31%) Oracle BRM
5 1 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 66 (20.69%) AWS
2 40 (12.54%) Azure
3 14 (4.39%) GCP
3 14 (4.39%) IaaS
4 11 (3.45%) Amazon Cognito
4 11 (3.45%) OpenShift
5 10 (3.13%) GitHub
6 8 (2.51%) Serverless
7 6 (1.88%) SaaS
8 5 (1.57%) Apigee
8 5 (1.57%) Azure Data Factory
8 5 (1.57%) Azure Functions
8 5 (1.57%) PaaS
8 5 (1.57%) Power Platform
9 4 (1.25%) Amazon EC2
9 4 (1.25%) Amazon S3
9 4 (1.25%) Azure Active Directory
10 3 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
11 2 (0.63%) Amazon EKS
11 2 (0.63%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 38 (11.91%) DNS
2 25 (7.84%) TCP/IP
3 23 (7.21%) Firewall
4 21 (6.58%) DHCP
5 19 (5.96%) SNMP
6 16 (5.02%) Fibre Channel
6 16 (5.02%) HTTP
7 15 (4.70%) SSH
8 13 (4.08%) iSCSI
8 13 (4.08%) SSL
9 12 (3.76%) FTP
9 12 (3.76%) SAN
9 12 (3.76%) SMTP
10 10 (3.13%) WAN
11 7 (2.19%) LAN
11 7 (2.19%) MPLS
11 7 (2.19%) VPN
12 6 (1.88%) BGP
12 6 (1.88%) Network Security
13 5 (1.57%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (13.17%) SQL Server
2 40 (12.54%) MySQL
3 39 (12.23%) MongoDB
4 30 (9.40%) Oracle Database
5 26 (8.15%) Relational Database
6 23 (7.21%) Hadoop
7 22 (6.90%) NoSQL
7 22 (6.90%) PostgreSQL
8 20 (6.27%) Oracle Database 11g
9 15 (4.70%) Apache Accumulo
10 13 (4.08%) Oracle Database 12c
11 12 (3.76%) MariaDB
12 11 (3.45%) Big Data
12 11 (3.45%) RDBMS
13 9 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
13 9 (2.82%) DB2
14 7 (2.19%) Apache Cassandra
14 7 (2.19%) HBase
14 7 (2.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 7 (2.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 74 (23.20%) Jenkins
2 62 (19.44%) Git (software)
3 53 (16.61%) JIRA
4 28 (8.78%) Subversion
5 27 (8.46%) Bitbucket
6 19 (5.96%) Ant
7 18 (5.64%) Selenium
8 15 (4.70%) ClearCase
9 14 (4.39%) Cucumber
10 13 (4.08%) SoapUI
11 11 (3.45%) Maven
12 10 (3.13%) GitLab
12 10 (3.13%) GoCD
12 10 (3.13%) Hudson
12 10 (3.13%) Octopus Deploy
13 9 (2.82%) TeamCity
14 8 (2.51%) Eclipse
14 8 (2.51%) Gradle
15 7 (2.19%) Artifactory
15 7 (2.19%) CA Gen
General
1 61 (19.12%) Finance
2 29 (9.09%) Banking
3 23 (7.21%) Public Sector
4 15 (4.70%) Aerospace
4 15 (4.70%) Telecoms
5 12 (3.76%) Front Office
6 9 (2.82%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.57%) Manufacturing
8 4 (1.25%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.94%) Electronics
9 3 (0.94%) Legal
9 3 (0.94%) Marketing
10 2 (0.63%) Back Office
10 2 (0.63%) French Language
10 2 (0.63%) Military
10 2 (0.63%) Retail
11 1 (0.31%) Advertising
11 1 (0.31%) Billing
11 1 (0.31%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 49 (15.36%) Administrator
2 44 (13.79%) Developer
3 31 (9.72%) Systems Administrator
4 30 (9.40%) Linux Engineer
5 29 (9.09%) Linux Administrator
6 25 (7.84%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 22 (6.90%) Consultant
8 20 (6.27%) Architect
9 17 (5.33%) Analyst
10 16 (5.02%) Java Developer
11 14 (4.39%) Solutions Architect
12 13 (4.08%) DBA
12 13 (4.08%) Systems Administration Leader
13 12 (3.76%) Support Engineer
14 11 (3.45%) Applications Support
14 11 (3.45%) Database Engineer
14 11 (3.45%) DevOps Engineer
14 11 (3.45%) Oracle DBA
14 11 (3.45%) Security Engineer
15 10 (3.13%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (11.29%) SOAP
2 29 (9.09%) Web Services
3 26 (8.15%) Kafka
4 25 (7.84%) Middleware
5 24 (7.52%) XML
6 18 (5.64%) HTML
6 18 (5.64%) REST
7 16 (5.02%) Spring
8 14 (4.39%) Node.js
9 13 (4.08%) JSON
9 13 (4.08%) LDAP
10 12 (3.76%) Apache NiFi
10 12 (3.76%) J2EE
11 11 (3.45%) AngularJS
12 10 (3.13%) JMS
12 10 (3.13%) Oracle Fusion
13 9 (2.82%) Elastic Stack
13 9 (2.82%) jQuery
14 8 (2.51%) RabbitMQ
14 8 (2.51%) Regular Expression
Miscellaneous
1 39 (12.23%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (6.90%) Linux Command Line
3 12 (3.76%) Data Centre
3 12 (3.76%) Management Information System
3 12 (3.76%) PKI
4 10 (3.13%) Enterprise Software
4 10 (3.13%) Greenfield Project
5 9 (2.82%) Cloud Native
5 9 (2.82%) Clustering
6 7 (2.19%) Private Cloud
7 6 (1.88%) Derivative
7 6 (1.88%) Self-Motivation
7 6 (1.88%) User Experience
8 5 (1.57%) Analytical Mindset
8 5 (1.57%) Fixed Income
8 5 (1.57%) Robotics
8 5 (1.57%) Virtual Team
9 4 (1.25%) Equities
9 4 (1.25%) Hedge funds
9 4 (1.25%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 184 (57.68%) Linux
2 109 (34.17%) Unix
3 82 (25.71%) Windows
4 62 (19.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 37 (11.60%) CentOS
6 19 (5.96%) Debian
7 16 (5.02%) Solaris
8 12 (3.76%) Windows Server
9 11 (3.45%) Ubuntu
10 8 (2.51%) Android
10 8 (2.51%) Apple iOS
11 5 (1.57%) Mac OS X
12 4 (1.25%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (1.25%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.63%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.63%) VMS
13 2 (0.63%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.63%) Windows Server 2016
14 1 (0.31%) AIX
14 1 (0.31%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (24.14%) DevOps
2 73 (22.88%) Agile Software Development
3 48 (15.05%) Configuration Management
3 48 (15.05%) Test Automation
4 47 (14.73%) Problem-Solving
5 35 (10.97%) Scrum
6 32 (10.03%) Open Source
7 28 (8.78%) Microservices
8 27 (8.46%) Migration
9 25 (7.84%) Cybersecurity
10 24 (7.52%) Continuous Integration
11 22 (6.90%) ETL
11 22 (6.90%) ITIL
11 22 (6.90%) Kanban
11 22 (6.90%) TDD
12 21 (6.58%) Vulnerability Management
13 20 (6.27%) Performance Tuning
14 18 (5.64%) Analytics
14 18 (5.64%) SIEM
15 17 (5.33%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 224 (70.22%) Python
2 114 (35.74%) Java
3 97 (30.41%) SQL
4 84 (26.33%) Bash Shell
5 73 (22.88%) Shell Script
6 40 (12.54%) PowerShell
6 40 (12.54%) Ruby
7 35 (10.97%) PL/SQL
8 33 (10.34%) C
9 32 (10.03%) JavaScript
10 25 (7.84%) PHP
11 24 (7.52%) C#
12 21 (6.58%) C++
12 21 (6.58%) Korn
12 21 (6.58%) T-SQL
13 14 (4.39%) C-shell
14 12 (3.76%) Groovy
15 8 (2.51%) Scala
16 7 (2.19%) Bourne shell
17 6 (1.88%) VBA
Qualifications
1 58 (18.18%) Security Cleared
2 40 (12.54%) SC Cleared
3 19 (5.96%) DV Cleared
4 15 (4.70%) Degree
5 9 (2.82%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (2.51%) Cisco Certification
7 7 (2.19%) CompTIA Security+
7 7 (2.19%) DBS Check
7 7 (2.19%) GCFA
8 5 (1.57%) CCNA
9 4 (1.25%) CCIE
9 4 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
9 4 (1.25%) RHCE
10 3 (0.94%) JNCIA
11 2 (0.63%) CCDP
11 2 (0.63%) CCIE Routing and Switching
11 2 (0.63%) CCIE Service Provider
11 2 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.63%) Network+ Certification
11 2 (0.63%) RHCT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (6.90%) QA
2 10 (3.13%) SLA
3 2 (0.63%) Cyber Essentials
3 2 (0.63%) ISO 20022
3 2 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.31%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.31%) NIST
4 1 (0.31%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 61 (19.12%) Docker
2 31 (9.72%) Active Directory
2 31 (9.72%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (5.02%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 10 (3.13%) NFS
5 5 (1.57%) Oracle RAC
5 5 (1.57%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (1.25%) HDFS
6 4 (1.25%) KVM
6 4 (1.25%) Samba
6 4 (1.25%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 3 (0.94%) RACF
7 3 (0.94%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.94%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.63%) Firmware
8 2 (0.63%) Varnish
8 2 (0.63%) Xen
9 1 (0.31%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.31%) Postfix
9 1 (0.31%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 58 (18.18%) Kubernetes
2 57 (17.87%) Ansible
3 56 (17.55%) Puppet
4 35 (10.97%) Opscode Chef
5 17 (5.33%) Salt
6 14 (4.39%) Netcool
6 14 (4.39%) Rundeck
7 11 (3.45%) Netcool/OMNIbus
8 10 (3.13%) Terraform
9 9 (2.82%) HP ALM
9 9 (2.82%) Netcool/Webtop
9 9 (2.82%) Prometheus
9 9 (2.82%) Tivoli
10 8 (2.51%) Nagios
11 7 (2.19%) Kibana
12 6 (1.88%) Data Guard
12 6 (1.88%) Grafana
13 4 (1.25%) Istio
13 4 (1.25%) logstash
13 4 (1.25%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 90 (28.21%) Oracle
2 61 (19.12%) Red Hat
3 52 (16.30%) VMware
4 44 (13.79%) IBM
5 34 (10.66%) Sybase
6 22 (6.90%) Splunk
7 21 (6.58%) Microsoft
7 21 (6.58%) SaltStack
8 14 (4.39%) HP
9 12 (3.76%) Atlassian
9 12 (3.76%) Cloudera
9 12 (3.76%) Dell
9 12 (3.76%) EMC
9 12 (3.76%) Google
9 12 (3.76%) MuleSoft
10 11 (3.45%) Cisco
11 10 (3.13%) NetApp
11 10 (3.13%) ServiceNow
12 9 (2.82%) BEA
12 9 (2.82%) Juniper