Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 301 224 184
Rank change year-on-year -77 -40 -37
Contract jobs citing Perl 685 1,321 1,524
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.85% 1.26% 1.47%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.07% 2.82% 3.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 390 761 915
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £306 £314 £313
90th Percentile £652 £613 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 14 31
UK median hourly rate £39.00 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.43% -12.50% +8.11%
10th Percentile £19.85 £24.63 £35.00
90th Percentile £51.75 £49.25 £44.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +14.29% -12.50% +8.11%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,124 46,807 43,410
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.26% 44.70% 42.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,809 32,995 30,444
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £323 £319 £307
90th Percentile £650 £640 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 678 696 792
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +2.56%
10th Percentile £17.43 £16.83 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +2.30%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -78 602 £500 +5.26% 217
London -26 337 £538 - 106
UK excluding London -83 332 £450 +5.88% 146
South East -6 101 £450 +5.88% 38
North of England -27 76 £475 +10.47% 17
Scotland -34 42 £425 - 18
East of England -38 41 £400 -4.76% 26
North West -12 37 £400 - 7
Yorkshire +18 30 £500 +13.31% 9
Midlands -20 27 £500 +17.65% 16
South West -15 23 £425 +3.03% 14
West Midlands -23 20 £488 -2.50% 11
Wales +32 19 £493 +12.57% 11
North East +9 9 £463 -6.52% 1
East Midlands +17 7 £750 +94.81% 5
Northern Ireland +10 4 £390 -8.24% 6

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 505 (73.72%) Python
2 411 (60.00%) Linux
3 223 (32.55%) Bash Shell
4 221 (32.26%) DevOps
5 213 (31.09%) Unix
6 209 (30.51%) Agile Software Development
7 206 (30.07%) AWS
8 185 (27.01%) SQL
9 180 (26.28%) Puppet
10 178 (25.99%) Java
11 177 (25.84%) Ruby
12 157 (22.92%) Opscode Chef
13 147 (21.46%) Windows
14 143 (20.88%) Jenkins
15 141 (20.58%) Ansible
16 138 (20.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 128 (18.69%) Shell Script
18 127 (18.54%) Security Cleared
19 126 (18.39%) Configuration Management
20 125 (18.25%) Docker
21 123 (17.96%) Oracle
22 119 (17.37%) Git (software)
23 115 (16.79%) Red Hat
24 104 (15.18%) PowerShell
25 101 (14.74%) JSON
26 95 (13.87%) JIRA
27 94 (13.72%) ITIL
28 89 (12.99%) Finance
29 86 (12.55%) Azure
29 86 (12.55%) Kubernetes

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (8.03%) Apache
1 55 (8.03%) Tomcat
2 39 (5.69%) Confluence
3 36 (5.26%) WebLogic
4 30 (4.38%) JBoss
5 26 (3.80%) Apache Spark
6 25 (3.65%) IIS
6 25 (3.65%) OpenStack
7 21 (3.07%) nginx
8 19 (2.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 19 (2.77%) SharePoint
9 16 (2.34%) Elasticsearch
10 14 (2.04%) Oracle Service Bus
11 10 (1.46%) SAS
12 7 (1.02%) Jetty
13 6 (0.88%) Cloud Foundry
13 6 (0.88%) Oracle Self-Service HR
14 4 (0.58%) Exchange Server 2000
14 4 (0.58%) MS Exchange
15 3 (0.44%) MQSeries
Applications
1 6 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.44%) SPSS
3 3 (0.44%) Stata
4 1 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 16 (2.34%) Remedy ITSM
2 4 (0.58%) Relativity
3 3 (0.44%) CA PPM
3 3 (0.44%) Magento
4 2 (0.29%) Kondor
4 2 (0.29%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.29%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
4 2 (0.29%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.15%) FLEXCUBE
5 1 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 206 (30.07%) AWS
2 86 (12.55%) Azure
3 55 (8.03%) GitHub
4 43 (6.28%) GCP
5 38 (5.55%) AWS CloudFormation
6 37 (5.40%) Datadog
7 33 (4.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 25 (3.65%) IaaS
9 21 (3.07%) Office 365
10 19 (2.77%) Power Platform
10 19 (2.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 18 (2.63%) OpenShift
12 16 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
12 16 (2.34%) Amazon S3
12 16 (2.34%) Microsoft Flow
12 16 (2.34%) PowerApps
12 16 (2.34%) SaaS
13 14 (2.04%) Google Analytics
13 14 (2.04%) Serverless
14 13 (1.90%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 60 (8.76%) TCP/IP
2 53 (7.74%) VPN
3 48 (7.01%) DNS
4 41 (5.99%) HTTP
5 40 (5.84%) WAN
6 38 (5.55%) LAN
7 35 (5.11%) Firewall
8 33 (4.82%) BGP
8 33 (4.82%) SNMP
9 31 (4.53%) Internet
10 29 (4.23%) SAN
11 24 (3.50%) OSPF
12 23 (3.36%) SSL
13 22 (3.21%) Wireshark
14 21 (3.07%) Junos
15 19 (2.77%) Cisco IOS
15 19 (2.77%) Cisco Nexus
16 18 (2.63%) Multicast
17 17 (2.48%) Intrusion Detection
17 17 (2.48%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (8.91%) MySQL
2 59 (8.61%) MongoDB
3 54 (7.88%) SQL Server
4 45 (6.57%) Oracle Database
5 40 (5.84%) Hadoop
6 38 (5.55%) NoSQL
7 36 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
8 30 (4.38%) Big Data
9 29 (4.23%) Relational Database
10 20 (2.92%) Apache Cassandra
10 20 (2.92%) Apache Hive
11 19 (2.77%) Oracle Database 11g
11 19 (2.77%) RDBMS
12 17 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
12 17 (2.48%) HBase
13 16 (2.34%) Amazon RDS
13 16 (2.34%) Oracle Database 12c
14 15 (2.19%) Amazon Redshift
15 13 (1.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 11 (1.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 143 (20.88%) Jenkins
2 119 (17.37%) Git (software)
3 95 (13.87%) JIRA
4 51 (7.45%) Sonatype Nexus
5 32 (4.67%) Selenium
6 31 (4.53%) Cucumber
7 24 (3.50%) Ant
8 21 (3.07%) Subversion
9 20 (2.92%) Maven
10 19 (2.77%) Bitbucket
10 19 (2.77%) IntelliJ
11 16 (2.34%) Eclipse
11 16 (2.34%) Karma Test Runner
12 15 (2.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 14 (2.04%) gulp
13 14 (2.04%) Vagrant
14 13 (1.90%) Gatling
14 13 (1.90%) Grunt
14 13 (1.90%) JUnit
14 13 (1.90%) Sublime Text
General
1 89 (12.99%) Finance
2 55 (8.03%) Banking
3 42 (6.13%) Public Sector
4 29 (4.23%) Front Office
4 29 (4.23%) Investment Banking
5 8 (1.17%) Publishing
6 7 (1.02%) Legal
6 7 (1.02%) Telecoms
7 6 (0.88%) Law
8 5 (0.73%) Back Office
8 5 (0.73%) Retail
9 4 (0.58%) Marketing
10 3 (0.44%) Financial Institution
10 3 (0.44%) Games
11 2 (0.29%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.29%) Electronics
11 2 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.29%) Prime Brokerage
11 2 (0.29%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.15%) Police
Job Titles
1 118 (17.23%) Developer
2 109 (15.91%) DevOps Engineer
3 49 (7.15%) Architect
4 46 (6.72%) Linux Engineer
5 43 (6.28%) Administrator
6 41 (5.99%) Cloud Engineer
7 35 (5.11%) Network Engineer
8 34 (4.96%) AWS Engineer
9 22 (3.21%) Analyst
9 22 (3.21%) C++ Developer
10 20 (2.92%) Consultant
11 19 (2.77%) DBA
11 19 (2.77%) Support Engineer
12 17 (2.48%) Applications Support
12 17 (2.48%) AWS DevOps
12 17 (2.48%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 17 (2.48%) Systems Administrator
13 16 (2.34%) Platform Engineer
13 16 (2.34%) Software Engineer
13 16 (2.34%) Unix Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (14.74%) JSON
2 66 (9.64%) Web Services
3 58 (8.47%) XML
4 53 (7.74%) REST
5 38 (5.55%) .NET
5 38 (5.55%) HTML
6 36 (5.26%) J2EE
6 36 (5.26%) SOAP
7 34 (4.96%) Spring
8 32 (4.67%) Node.js
8 32 (4.67%) RESTful
9 31 (4.53%) CSS
9 31 (4.53%) Middleware
10 28 (4.09%) AngularJS
11 24 (3.50%) Kafka
11 24 (3.50%) LDAP
12 23 (3.36%) STL
13 21 (3.07%) LAMP
14 20 (2.92%) Play Framework
14 20 (2.92%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 73 (10.66%) Analytical Skills
2 52 (7.59%) Data Centre
3 32 (4.67%) Public Cloud
4 28 (4.09%) Enterprise Cloud
4 28 (4.09%) Linux Command Line
5 27 (3.94%) Management Information System
6 20 (2.92%) User Experience
7 18 (2.63%) Clustering
8 16 (2.34%) Derivative
8 16 (2.34%) Replication
9 15 (2.19%) Cyberthreat
9 15 (2.19%) Equities
10 13 (1.90%) Private Cloud
10 13 (1.90%) Self-Motivation
11 10 (1.46%) Client/Server
12 9 (1.31%) Blog
12 9 (1.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 9 (1.31%) VxBlock/Vblock
13 8 (1.17%) Embedded Systems
14 7 (1.02%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 411 (60.00%) Linux
2 213 (31.09%) Unix
3 147 (21.46%) Windows
4 138 (20.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 55 (8.03%) Solaris
6 41 (5.99%) Ubuntu
7 39 (5.69%) CentOS
8 23 (3.36%) Windows Server
9 18 (2.63%) Apple iOS
10 16 (2.34%) Android
11 13 (1.90%) Mac OS X
12 12 (1.75%) HPUX
13 10 (1.46%) Debian
13 10 (1.46%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 8 (1.17%) AIX
14 8 (1.17%) Embedded Linux
15 7 (1.02%) SUSE
15 7 (1.02%) Windows Server 2008
16 6 (0.88%) Mac OS
17 5 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 221 (32.26%) DevOps
2 209 (30.51%) Agile Software Development
3 126 (18.39%) Configuration Management
4 94 (13.72%) ITIL
5 78 (11.39%) Continuous Integration
5 78 (11.39%) Problem-Solving
6 77 (11.24%) Test Automation
7 72 (10.51%) Open Source
8 65 (9.49%) Migration
9 62 (9.05%) Kanban
10 60 (8.76%) Scrum
11 57 (8.32%) Continuous Delivery
12 51 (7.45%) Analytics
13 47 (6.86%) Computer Science
14 43 (6.28%) Performance Tuning
14 43 (6.28%) Software Engineering
15 41 (5.99%) High Availability
16 38 (5.55%) Task Automation
17 37 (5.40%) Infrastructure as Code
18 36 (5.26%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 505 (73.72%) Python
2 223 (32.55%) Bash Shell
3 185 (27.01%) SQL
4 178 (25.99%) Java
5 177 (25.84%) Ruby
6 128 (18.69%) Shell Script
7 104 (15.18%) PowerShell
8 75 (10.95%) JavaScript
9 69 (10.07%) C++
10 59 (8.61%) PHP
11 42 (6.13%) PL/SQL
12 40 (5.84%) C
13 38 (5.55%) Scala
14 36 (5.26%) C#
15 28 (4.09%) Groovy
16 22 (3.21%) Go
17 14 (2.04%) Korn
18 13 (1.90%) Haskell
18 13 (1.90%) R
19 12 (1.75%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 127 (18.54%) Security Cleared
2 77 (11.24%) SC Cleared
3 40 (5.84%) Degree
4 38 (5.55%) AWS Certification
5 34 (4.96%) Cisco Certification
6 33 (4.82%) RHCE
7 29 (4.23%) CCNP
8 22 (3.21%) CCNA
9 17 (2.48%) Computer Science Degree
10 15 (2.19%) CISSP
11 14 (2.04%) Microsoft Certification
12 13 (1.90%) MCSA
13 11 (1.61%) CISA
13 11 (1.61%) CISM
13 11 (1.61%) CISMP
13 11 (1.61%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
13 11 (1.61%) ISSMP
14 9 (1.31%) GIAC
14 9 (1.31%) OCP
14 9 (1.31%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.94%) QA
2 20 (2.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 18 (2.63%) PCI DSS
4 17 (2.48%) NIST
5 15 (2.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 9 (1.31%) SLA
7 7 (1.02%) Data Quality
8 5 (0.73%) MiFID
9 3 (0.44%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.44%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 2 (0.29%) GMP
10 2 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.15%) COBIT
11 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.15%) GDPR
System Software
1 125 (18.25%) Docker
2 47 (6.86%) VMware Infrastructure
3 35 (5.11%) Active Directory
4 24 (3.50%) Hyper-V
5 12 (1.75%) HDFS
5 12 (1.75%) Oracle RAC
5 12 (1.75%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (1.46%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (1.31%) VMware NSX
7 9 (1.31%) vSphere
8 8 (1.17%) EMC RecoverPoint
8 8 (1.17%) Samba
8 8 (1.17%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 7 (1.02%) NFS
9 7 (1.02%) VirtualBox
10 6 (0.88%) Firmware
10 6 (0.88%) Virtual Servers
11 5 (0.73%) KVM
11 5 (0.73%) oVirt
11 5 (0.73%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 180 (26.28%) Puppet
2 157 (22.92%) Opscode Chef
3 141 (20.58%) Ansible
4 86 (12.55%) Kubernetes
5 69 (10.07%) Terraform
6 48 (7.01%) Nagios
7 41 (5.99%) Salt
8 35 (5.11%) Suricata
9 28 (4.09%) Grafana
10 16 (2.34%) Kibana
10 16 (2.34%) Netcool
10 16 (2.34%) Single Sign-On
10 16 (2.34%) ZABBIX
11 15 (2.19%) Netcool/OMNIbus
12 14 (2.04%) Amdocs OSS
12 14 (2.04%) Cisco Prime
12 14 (2.04%) Data Guard
12 14 (2.04%) Docker Swarm
13 12 (1.75%) Avamar
14 11 (1.61%) Jamf Pro
Vendors
1 123 (17.96%) Oracle
2 115 (16.79%) Red Hat
3 81 (11.82%) Splunk
4 78 (11.39%) VMware
5 61 (8.91%) Cisco
6 60 (8.76%) Microsoft
7 50 (7.30%) ServiceNow
8 47 (6.86%) Google
9 42 (6.13%) IBM
10 41 (5.99%) HP
11 36 (5.26%) Qualys
12 33 (4.82%) Sybase
13 25 (3.65%) Juniper
13 25 (3.65%) Sun
14 23 (3.36%) BMC
14 23 (3.36%) EMC
15 21 (3.07%) webMethods
16 20 (2.92%) F5
16 20 (2.92%) SolarWinds
17 19 (2.77%) NetScout