Period
to 24 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 24 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
24 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 217 163 125
Rank change year-on-year -54 -38 +18
Contract jobs citing Perl 1,309 1,578 2,138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 1.62% 2.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.89% 3.87% 5.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 743 907 1,372
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £322 £313 £310
90th Percentile £613 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 30 35
UK median hourly rate £36.25 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.38% +6.67% -3.85%
10th Percentile £20.25 £34.88 £33.60
90th Percentile £54.19 £48.17 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £37.50 £37.50

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,345 40,788 42,450
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.48% 41.88% 39.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,892 28,151 29,187
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £280
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 712 762 911
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £16.25 £15.79 £14.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +1.35%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 24 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -48 1,190 £475 - 319
UK excluding London -48 660 £425 - 206
London -44 628 £525 - 128
South East -68 163 £425 - 46
North of England -6 155 £425 +1.19% 57
East of England -6 110 £425 -6.85% 46
Midlands -16 93 £515 +28.75% 17
Scotland -81 78 £375 -12.99% 11
West Midlands -11 69 £525 - 11
North West -6 57 £474 -0.26% 40
Yorkshire +1 49 £448 +6.55% 15
North East -17 49 £370 +8.82% 2
South West -4 39 £488 +31.76% 25
East Midlands 0 24 £383 +2.00% 6
Wales -7 22 £456 -1.35% 2

For the 6 months to 24 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 956 (73.03%) Python
2 913 (69.75%) Linux
3 527 (40.26%) DevOps
4 506 (38.66%) Java
5 479 (36.59%) Puppet
6 472 (36.06%) Agile Software Development
7 454 (34.68%) Unix
8 439 (33.54%) Jenkins
9 424 (32.39%) Ruby
10 409 (31.25%) Ansible
11 403 (30.79%) Git (software)
12 397 (30.33%) SQL
13 391 (29.87%) Bash Shell
14 371 (28.34%) Windows
15 336 (25.67%) Configuration Management
16 330 (25.21%) Amazon AWS
17 304 (23.22%) Docker
18 300 (22.92%) Continuous Integration
19 270 (20.63%) Oracle
20 247 (18.87%) JavaScript
21 243 (18.56%) Finance
22 237 (18.11%) Opscode Chef
23 226 (17.27%) Shell Script
24 199 (15.20%) Test Automation
25 190 (14.51%) Red Hat
26 186 (14.21%) Terraform
27 185 (14.13%) HTTP
28 184 (14.06%) MySQL
29 183 (13.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
30 179 (13.67%) Open Source

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 168 (12.83%) Apache
2 122 (9.32%) nginx
3 105 (8.02%) Tomcat
4 79 (6.04%) Elasticsearch
5 71 (5.42%) Confluence
6 67 (5.12%) WebLogic
7 54 (4.13%) JBoss
7 54 (4.13%) OpenStack
8 43 (3.28%) IIS
9 39 (2.98%) WebSphere
10 34 (2.60%) Apache Spark
11 23 (1.76%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 23 (1.76%) Tuxedo
12 21 (1.60%) Jetty
13 19 (1.45%) Mongrel
14 10 (0.76%) SharePoint
15 9 (0.69%) Hyperledger
16 8 (0.61%) Apache Pig
16 8 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
16 8 (0.61%) Ethereum
Applications
1 14 (1.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (0.76%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.15%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.15%) Doxygen
4 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.076%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 4 (0.31%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.23%) Kondor
2 3 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.23%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.15%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
3 2 (0.15%) Documaker
3 2 (0.15%) Global One
3 2 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.076%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.076%) RMDS
4 1 (0.076%) SAP MDG
4 1 (0.076%) SAP MDM
4 1 (0.076%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 330 (25.21%) Amazon AWS
2 177 (13.52%) Microsoft Azure
3 99 (7.56%) GitHub
4 76 (5.81%) Cloud Computing
5 48 (3.67%) IaaS
6 47 (3.59%) Google Analytics
7 42 (3.21%) Amazon EC2
8 38 (2.90%) AWS CloudFormation
9 37 (2.83%) PaaS
10 36 (2.75%) Datadog
11 32 (2.44%) Amazon S3
12 28 (2.14%) Google Cloud Platform
13 25 (1.91%) Amazon ELB
14 21 (1.60%) OpenShift
15 19 (1.45%) Amazon SQS
16 16 (1.22%) Sumo Logic
17 15 (1.15%) Slack
18 11 (0.84%) npm
19 10 (0.76%) Google App Engine
19 10 (0.76%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 185 (14.13%) HTTP
2 170 (12.99%) TCP/IP
3 130 (9.93%) SSL
4 114 (8.71%) DNS
5 113 (8.63%) Firewall
6 54 (4.13%) Internet
7 32 (2.44%) SAN
8 30 (2.29%) SNMP
9 29 (2.22%) DHCP
10 27 (2.06%) LAN
10 27 (2.06%) MPLS
10 27 (2.06%) VPN
11 24 (1.83%) Wireless
12 23 (1.76%) WAN
13 21 (1.60%) Intranet
13 21 (1.60%) Kerberos
14 20 (1.53%) FTP
14 20 (1.53%) SSH
15 19 (1.45%) BGP
15 19 (1.45%) BIG-IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (14.06%) MySQL
2 157 (11.99%) PostgreSQL
3 142 (10.85%) MongoDB
4 128 (9.78%) NoSQL
5 105 (8.02%) Relational Database
6 85 (6.49%) SQL Server
7 64 (4.89%) Hadoop
8 58 (4.43%) Big Data
9 50 (3.82%) Amazon Redshift
10 47 (3.59%) DB2
11 44 (3.36%) RDBMS
12 35 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
13 30 (2.29%) Oracle Database
14 25 (1.91%) BusinessObjects
15 21 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
16 19 (1.45%) Apache Hive
17 18 (1.38%) InfluxDB
18 16 (1.22%) HBase
18 16 (1.22%) MariaDB
19 14 (1.07%) KDB
Development Applications
1 439 (33.54%) Jenkins
2 403 (30.79%) Git (software)
3 126 (9.63%) JIRA
4 96 (7.33%) Maven
5 94 (7.18%) Artifactory
6 87 (6.65%) TeamCity
7 84 (6.42%) Selenium
8 80 (6.11%) Cucumber
9 78 (5.96%) Ant
10 73 (5.58%) Subversion
11 63 (4.81%) Bitbucket
11 63 (4.81%) Sonatype Nexus
12 60 (4.58%) Vagrant
13 51 (3.90%) IntelliJ
14 49 (3.74%) Gatling
15 40 (3.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 38 (2.90%) Grunt
16 38 (2.90%) gulp
16 38 (2.90%) Karma Test Runner
16 38 (2.90%) Sublime Text
General
1 243 (18.56%) Finance
2 117 (8.94%) Banking
3 53 (4.05%) Front Office
4 42 (3.21%) Telecoms
5 29 (2.22%) Financial Institution
6 24 (1.83%) Retail
7 22 (1.68%) Investment Banking
8 18 (1.38%) Back Office
9 16 (1.22%) Marketing
10 11 (0.84%) Law
11 8 (0.61%) Electronics
11 8 (0.61%) Publishing
12 7 (0.53%) Games
13 6 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.38%) Manufacturing
15 4 (0.31%) Mandarin Language
16 3 (0.23%) French Language
17 2 (0.15%) Corporate Banking
17 2 (0.15%) German Language
17 2 (0.15%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 352 (26.89%) DevOps Engineer
2 343 (26.20%) Developer
3 87 (6.65%) AWS Engineer
4 82 (6.26%) Administrator
5 79 (6.04%) AWS DevOps
6 76 (5.81%) Linux Engineer
7 75 (5.73%) Perl Developer
8 73 (5.58%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 71 (5.42%) Java Developer
10 67 (5.12%) Analyst
11 60 (4.58%) Python Developer
12 50 (3.82%) Linux Administrator
13 48 (3.67%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 46 (3.51%) Linux DevOps Engineer
15 45 (3.44%) Python Engineer
15 45 (3.44%) Systems Administrator
16 43 (3.28%) Consultant
17 37 (2.83%) Applications Support
18 35 (2.67%) Linux Systems Administrator
19 34 (2.60%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 149 (11.38%) XML
2 120 (9.17%) Middleware
3 101 (7.72%) HTML
4 99 (7.56%) Elastic Stack
5 97 (7.41%) AngularJS
6 84 (6.42%) CSS
7 83 (6.34%) Web Services
8 82 (6.26%) JSON
9 79 (6.04%) Node.js
10 74 (5.65%) Servlets
11 67 (5.12%) SOAP
11 67 (5.12%) Spring
12 65 (4.97%) J2EE
13 62 (4.74%) jQuery
13 62 (4.74%) LAMP
14 56 (4.28%) REST
15 55 (4.20%) Gherkin
16 53 (4.05%) RabbitMQ
17 46 (3.51%) .NET
18 45 (3.44%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 100 (7.64%) Analytical Skills
2 80 (6.11%) Linux Command Line
3 79 (6.04%) Computer Science
4 70 (5.35%) Data Centre
5 40 (3.06%) Public Cloud
6 37 (2.83%) Enterprise Software
6 37 (2.83%) Self-Motivation
7 34 (2.60%) Management Information System
8 28 (2.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 25 (1.91%) Mainframe
10 24 (1.83%) Fixed Income
10 24 (1.83%) PKI
11 23 (1.76%) Equities
12 22 (1.68%) Data Structures
13 21 (1.60%) Clustering
14 20 (1.53%) Replication
15 19 (1.45%) Greenfield Project
16 17 (1.30%) Algorithms
17 14 (1.07%) Private Cloud
17 14 (1.07%) STB
Operating Systems
1 913 (69.75%) Linux
2 454 (34.68%) Unix
3 371 (28.34%) Windows
4 183 (13.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 107 (8.17%) Solaris
6 103 (7.87%) Ubuntu
7 91 (6.95%) CentOS
8 77 (5.88%) Windows Server
9 53 (4.05%) AIX
10 30 (2.29%) Debian
11 29 (2.22%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 19 (1.45%) Fedora
12 19 (1.45%) SUSE
13 13 (0.99%) VME
14 12 (0.92%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (0.92%) Windows Server 2012
15 11 (0.84%) Android
16 10 (0.76%) HPUX
17 5 (0.38%) Apple iOS
17 5 (0.38%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 527 (40.26%) DevOps
2 472 (36.06%) Agile Software Development
3 336 (25.67%) Configuration Management
4 300 (22.92%) Continuous Integration
5 199 (15.20%) Test Automation
6 179 (13.67%) Open Source
7 153 (11.69%) Problem-Solving
8 122 (9.32%) OO
9 121 (9.24%) Microservices
10 120 (9.17%) Analytics
11 110 (8.40%) Deployment Automation
12 108 (8.25%) Scrum
13 100 (7.64%) SDLC
14 98 (7.49%) TDD
15 97 (7.41%) Software Engineering
16 87 (6.65%) Change Management
17 84 (6.42%) Migration
18 83 (6.34%) Load Balancing
19 82 (6.26%) Continuous Delivery
20 79 (6.04%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 956 (73.03%) Python
2 506 (38.66%) Java
3 424 (32.39%) Ruby
4 397 (30.33%) SQL
5 391 (29.87%) Bash Shell
6 247 (18.87%) JavaScript
7 226 (17.27%) Shell Script
8 156 (11.92%) PowerShell
9 143 (10.92%) C#
10 140 (10.70%) C++
11 123 (9.40%) PHP
12 116 (8.86%) C
13 86 (6.57%) Go
14 77 (5.88%) Groovy
15 76 (5.81%) Scala
16 62 (4.74%) PL/SQL
17 51 (3.90%) Haskell
18 45 (3.44%) Korn
19 26 (1.99%) VB
20 19 (1.45%) AWK
Qualifications
1 120 (9.17%) Security Cleared
2 103 (7.87%) SC Cleared
3 87 (6.65%) Degree
4 36 (2.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 22 (1.68%) Cisco Certification
6 21 (1.60%) CISSP
7 19 (1.45%) DV Cleared
8 15 (1.15%) CCNA
9 13 (0.99%) CISM
10 11 (0.84%) CCNP
11 10 (0.76%) ISEB
11 10 (0.76%) Master's Degree
12 9 (0.69%) AWS Certification
12 9 (0.69%) ISTQB
13 8 (0.61%) SANS
14 7 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
15 6 (0.46%) PhD
16 5 (0.38%) OCP
16 5 (0.38%) Oracle Certification
16 5 (0.38%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (2.98%) QA
2 21 (1.60%) GDPR
3 18 (1.38%) SLA
4 12 (0.92%) FINRA
5 9 (0.69%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.31%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.31%) EMIR
7 3 (0.23%) MiFID
8 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 2 (0.15%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.15%) PMO
8 2 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.15%) SEPA
9 1 (0.076%) ARP4754
9 1 (0.076%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.076%) GPG13
9 1 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.076%) SAS 70
System Software
1 304 (23.22%) Docker
2 94 (7.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 48 (3.67%) Active Directory
4 33 (2.52%) NFS
5 24 (1.83%) KVM
6 23 (1.76%) Hyper-V
6 23 (1.76%) VirtualBox
7 20 (1.53%) vSphere
8 19 (1.45%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 17 (1.30%) Virtual Machines
9 17 (1.30%) Xen
10 16 (1.22%) Firmware
11 14 (1.07%) VMware ESXi
12 11 (0.84%) etcd
12 11 (0.84%) flannel
13 10 (0.76%) HDFS
13 10 (0.76%) Oracle RAC
14 7 (0.53%) iptables
14 7 (0.53%) LXC
14 7 (0.53%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 479 (36.59%) Puppet
2 409 (31.25%) Ansible
3 237 (18.11%) Opscode Chef
4 186 (14.21%) Terraform
5 158 (12.07%) Kubernetes
6 129 (9.85%) Nagios
7 102 (7.79%) Kibana
8 88 (6.72%) Salt
9 71 (5.42%) Grafana
10 59 (4.51%) logstash
11 58 (4.43%) ZABBIX
12 49 (3.74%) Packer
13 27 (2.06%) CFEngine
14 24 (1.83%) Uchiwa
15 21 (1.60%) Pingdom
16 18 (1.38%) HAProxy
17 17 (1.30%) BladeLogic
17 17 (1.30%) Graylog
17 17 (1.30%) Mesos
17 17 (1.30%) Rancher
Vendors
1 270 (20.63%) Oracle
2 190 (14.51%) Red Hat
3 162 (12.38%) VMware
4 128 (9.78%) Splunk
5 95 (7.26%) Microsoft
6 89 (6.80%) New Relic
6 89 (6.80%) Sybase
7 74 (5.65%) Google
8 52 (3.97%) IBM
9 51 (3.90%) Adobe
10 44 (3.36%) webMethods
11 43 (3.28%) Informatica
12 41 (3.13%) Cisco
13 40 (3.06%) SaltStack
14 33 (2.52%) AppDynamics
15 30 (2.29%) Atlassian
15 30 (2.29%) Veritas
16 28 (2.14%) BEA
16 28 (2.14%) F5
16 28 (2.14%) Juniper