Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 18 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
18 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 429 379 314
Rank change year-on-year -50 -65 -29
Contract jobs citing Perl 455 368 394
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.52% 0.64% 0.80%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.42% 1.58% 1.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 308 233 257
10th Percentile £390 £350 £343
25th Percentile £471 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% -2.56% -2.69%
75th Percentile £613 £525 £544
90th Percentile £715 £600 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £415 £498
% change year-on-year +20.48% -16.58% +4.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 13
10th Percentile £36.88 £31.13 -
25th Percentile £39.69 £44.06 £31.50
Median hourly rate £44.25 £57.50 £39.00
Median % change year-on-year -23.04% +47.44% -13.17%
75th Percentile £50.36 £64.50 £57.50
90th Percentile £51.02 £65.85 £62.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.35 £57.50 £40.70
% change year-on-year -19.39% +41.28% +7.11%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,121 23,232 20,126
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 36.70% 40.53% 40.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,377 16,349 14,209
10th Percentile £383 £325 £325
25th Percentile £455 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £656 £594 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +16.47% -5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 532 453 361
10th Percentile £19.56 £16.97 £17.50
25th Percentile £35.00 £25.00 £21.57
Median hourly rate £50.00 £41.00 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +21.95% -3.53% -1.16%
75th Percentile £61.56 £51.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £74.30 £62.20 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £40.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% -5.88% -3.41%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 18 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -68 369 £538 +13.16% 107
Work from Home -59 230 £520 +5.58% 39
London -39 216 £550 +14.29% 44
UK excluding London -85 153 £500 +20.48% 69
South East -31 42 £437 +9.25% 19
Midlands -48 38 £515 +27.16% 10
West Midlands -44 37 £516 +27.41% 7
North of England -53 26 £513 +20.59% 15
East of England -22 19 £493 -1.50% 14
Scotland -32 19 £480 +2.13% 4
North West -44 17 £613 +43.95% 8
Yorkshire -33 7 £500 +17.65% 5
Northern Ireland +2 5 £550 - 1
North East -12 2 £525 +45.03% 2
Wales -16 2 £575 -4.17% 1
South West -42 2 £400 -15.79% 7
East Midlands -17 1 £344 -19.06% 3

For the 6 months to 18 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 356 (78.24%) Python
2 286 (62.86%) Linux
3 201 (44.18%) Java
4 184 (40.44%) Unix
5 159 (34.95%) Bash
6 158 (34.73%) AWS
7 151 (33.19%) SQL
8 145 (31.87%) Oracle
9 134 (29.45%) Agile
10 133 (29.23%) Windows
11 119 (26.15%) Finance
12 118 (25.93%) Social Skills
13 112 (24.62%) Shell Script
14 111 (24.40%) DevOps
15 107 (23.52%) Git (software)
16 103 (22.64%) Ansible
17 102 (22.42%) Azure
18 98 (21.54%) JIRA
19 93 (20.44%) Configuration Management
19 93 (20.44%) Jenkins
20 83 (18.24%) Docker
21 81 (17.80%) CI/CD
22 74 (16.26%) Kubernetes
22 74 (16.26%) Software Engineering
23 73 (16.04%) Problem-Solving
24 70 (15.38%) PL/SQL
25 69 (15.16%) Firewall
25 69 (15.16%) Continuous Integration
25 69 (15.16%) Terraform
26 68 (14.95%) Red Hat

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (12.53%) Confluence
2 32 (7.03%) WebLogic
3 23 (5.05%) Apache
4 20 (4.40%) SAS
5 13 (2.86%) WebSphere
6 12 (2.64%) nginx
7 11 (2.42%) Elasticsearch
7 11 (2.42%) Tomcat
8 10 (2.20%) OpenStack
9 9 (1.98%) IIS
10 7 (1.54%) Apache Spark
10 7 (1.54%) Oracle Coherence
10 7 (1.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 7 (1.54%) WebSphere Application Server
11 6 (1.32%) Oracle Collaboration Suite
12 5 (1.10%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.88%) Drupal
13 4 (0.88%) MS Exchange
13 4 (0.88%) WildFly
14 3 (0.66%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 27 (5.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.88%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.88%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 17 (3.74%) BusinessWorks
2 14 (3.08%) assyst
3 4 (0.88%) Magento
4 3 (0.66%) Advent Geneva
4 3 (0.66%) Oracle 11i
4 3 (0.66%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.66%) Oracle Retail
4 3 (0.66%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.44%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 2 (0.44%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.22%) IBM Planning Analytics
6 1 (0.22%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
6 1 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.22%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 158 (34.73%) AWS
2 102 (22.42%) Azure
3 32 (7.03%) GCP
4 26 (5.71%) PaaS
5 22 (4.84%) Amazon EC2
6 21 (4.62%) Amazon S3
7 20 (4.40%) OpenShift
8 19 (4.18%) SaaS
9 18 (3.96%) GitHub
9 18 (3.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 17 (3.74%) IaaS
11 14 (3.08%) Serverless
12 12 (2.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 12 (2.64%) Amazon ELB
12 12 (2.64%) AWS Lambda
13 11 (2.42%) AWS CloudFormation
13 11 (2.42%) Cloud Computing
14 10 (2.20%) Amazon EKS
14 10 (2.20%) AWS KMS
15 8 (1.76%) AWS Direct Connect
Communications & Networking
1 69 (15.16%) Firewall
2 54 (11.87%) TCP/IP
3 40 (8.79%) DNS
4 23 (5.05%) HTTP
5 22 (4.84%) SSL
6 18 (3.96%) VPN
7 16 (3.52%) Internet
8 15 (3.30%) Network Security
9 14 (3.08%) SSH
10 10 (2.20%) DHCP
10 10 (2.20%) FTP
10 10 (2.20%) SAN
10 10 (2.20%) SMTP
11 9 (1.98%) BGP
11 9 (1.98%) tcpdump
12 8 (1.76%) Wireshark
13 7 (1.54%) Intrusion Detection
13 7 (1.54%) MPLS
13 7 (1.54%) OSPF
13 7 (1.54%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (13.85%) MySQL
2 46 (10.11%) SQL Server
3 45 (9.89%) Relational Database
4 44 (9.67%) Pentaho
5 31 (6.81%) Oracle Database
6 27 (5.93%) HBase
7 25 (5.49%) Hadoop
8 24 (5.27%) Apache Hive
9 18 (3.96%) Data Warehouse
10 16 (3.52%) RDBMS
11 14 (3.08%) Oracle Database 11g
12 13 (2.86%) Amazon RDS
12 13 (2.86%) Apache Cassandra
12 13 (2.86%) Impala
12 13 (2.86%) MongoDB
12 13 (2.86%) PostgreSQL
13 11 (2.42%) NoSQL
14 9 (1.98%) Big Data
14 9 (1.98%) DB2
15 8 (1.76%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 107 (23.52%) Git (software)
2 98 (21.54%) JIRA
3 93 (20.44%) Jenkins
4 57 (12.53%) Bitbucket
5 51 (11.21%) GitLab
6 24 (5.27%) Artifactory
7 23 (5.05%) CA Gen
8 22 (4.84%) Subversion
9 18 (3.96%) TeamCity
10 13 (2.86%) SonarQube
11 12 (2.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 12 (2.64%) Cucumber
11 12 (2.64%) Maven
12 9 (1.98%) JMeter
12 9 (1.98%) LoadRunner
13 8 (1.76%) Selenium
14 7 (1.54%) JBehave
14 7 (1.54%) Sonatype Nexus
14 7 (1.54%) Visual Studio
15 6 (1.32%) Postman
General
1 119 (26.15%) Finance
2 118 (25.93%) Social Skills
3 50 (10.99%) Banking
4 41 (9.01%) Analytical Skills
5 37 (8.13%) Public Sector
6 31 (6.81%) Front Office
7 15 (3.30%) Investment Banking
8 10 (2.20%) Telecoms
9 9 (1.98%) Financial Institution
9 9 (1.98%) Retail
10 7 (1.54%) Back Office
11 6 (1.32%) Organisational Skills
12 4 (0.88%) Advertising
12 4 (0.88%) Electronics
12 4 (0.88%) Presentation Skills
13 2 (0.44%) Dutch Language
13 2 (0.44%) French Language
13 2 (0.44%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.44%) Marketing
14 1 (0.22%) German Language
Job Titles
1 67 (14.73%) DevOps Engineer
2 62 (13.63%) Developer
3 49 (10.77%) Software Engineer
4 42 (9.23%) Analyst
5 32 (7.03%) Support Analyst
6 26 (5.71%) Electronic Trading Support
6 26 (5.71%) Linux Engineer
7 21 (4.62%) Architect
8 19 (4.18%) Administrator
8 19 (4.18%) Platform Engineer
9 17 (3.74%) SQL Analyst
9 17 (3.74%) SQL Support Analyst
10 16 (3.52%) Security Engineer
11 14 (3.08%) DBA
11 14 (3.08%) Senior Software Engineer
12 13 (2.86%) AWS Engineer
13 10 (2.20%) AWS DevOps
13 10 (2.20%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 10 (2.20%) Systems Engineer
13 10 (2.20%) Unix Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (9.23%) .NET
2 37 (8.13%) Middleware
3 27 (5.93%) J2EE
3 27 (5.93%) REST
4 26 (5.71%) Elastic Stack
5 24 (5.27%) LDAP
6 20 (4.40%) SOAP
7 19 (4.18%) FIX Protocol
8 18 (3.96%) Node.js
9 17 (3.74%) Rendezvous
9 17 (3.74%) XML
10 16 (3.52%) JSON
10 16 (3.52%) Kafka
11 14 (3.08%) Spring
12 13 (2.86%) RabbitMQ
13 11 (2.42%) Web Services
14 10 (2.20%) LAMP
15 9 (1.98%) HTML
15 9 (1.98%) YAML
16 8 (1.76%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 36 (7.91%) Public Cloud
2 28 (6.15%) Data Centre
3 18 (3.96%) Clustering
4 17 (3.74%) Derivative
4 17 (3.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 17 (3.74%) Private Cloud
5 16 (3.52%) Cloud Native
6 15 (3.30%) Equities
7 14 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
8 12 (2.64%) Algorithms
9 11 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
10 10 (2.20%) Linux Command Line
10 10 (2.20%) Management Information System
10 10 (2.20%) Replication
10 10 (2.20%) SWIFT
11 9 (1.98%) DataPower
12 8 (1.76%) Data Structures
13 6 (1.32%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 6 (1.32%) IoT
13 6 (1.32%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 286 (62.86%) Linux
2 184 (40.44%) Unix
3 133 (29.23%) Windows
4 63 (13.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 24 (5.27%) CentOS
6 18 (3.96%) Solaris
7 17 (3.74%) Ubuntu
8 16 (3.52%) Windows Server
9 13 (2.86%) SUSE
10 12 (2.64%) AIX
11 6 (1.32%) VMS
12 5 (1.10%) Apple iOS
12 5 (1.10%) CoreOS
13 3 (0.66%) Kali Linux
14 2 (0.44%) Check Point GAiA
14 2 (0.44%) HPUX
14 2 (0.44%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.22%) Debian
15 1 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 134 (29.45%) Agile
2 111 (24.40%) DevOps
3 93 (20.44%) Configuration Management
4 81 (17.80%) CI/CD
5 74 (16.26%) Software Engineering
6 73 (16.04%) Problem-Solving
7 69 (15.16%) Continuous Integration
8 63 (13.85%) Process Improvement
9 54 (11.87%) Scrum
9 54 (11.87%) Test Strategy
10 51 (11.21%) ITIL
11 44 (9.67%) ETL
12 42 (9.23%) Problem Management
13 40 (8.79%) Infrastructure as Code
14 36 (7.91%) Change Management
14 36 (7.91%) Requirements Gathering
15 34 (7.47%) Analytics
15 34 (7.47%) E-Commerce
15 34 (7.47%) Electronic Trading
15 34 (7.47%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 356 (78.24%) Python
2 201 (44.18%) Java
3 159 (34.95%) Bash
4 151 (33.19%) SQL
5 112 (24.62%) Shell Script
6 70 (15.38%) PL/SQL
7 63 (13.85%) Ruby
8 55 (12.09%) C++
8 55 (12.09%) PowerShell
9 51 (11.21%) JavaScript
10 44 (9.67%) C#
11 41 (9.01%) C
11 41 (9.01%) PHP
12 28 (6.15%) Scala
13 26 (5.71%) VBA
14 25 (5.49%) HiveQL
15 24 (5.27%) R
16 23 (5.05%) Korn
17 22 (4.84%) COBOL
17 22 (4.84%) Go
Qualifications
1 61 (13.41%) Security Cleared
2 55 (12.09%) SC Cleared
3 23 (5.05%) Degree
4 16 (3.52%) Cisco Certification
5 12 (2.64%) CISSP
5 12 (2.64%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (1.98%) CCIE
7 7 (1.54%) CCIE Routing and Switching
7 7 (1.54%) CISM
8 6 (1.32%) AWS Certification
8 6 (1.32%) CCIE Service Provider
8 6 (1.32%) CCNP
8 6 (1.32%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 5 (1.10%) CISA
10 4 (0.88%) CCNA
10 4 (0.88%) HNC
11 3 (0.66%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.44%) MCSE
12 2 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.96%) QA
2 11 (2.42%) GDPR
3 10 (2.20%) SLA
4 5 (1.10%) NIST
4 5 (1.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.66%) PMO
6 2 (0.44%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.44%) GPG13
6 2 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.44%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.22%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 83 (18.24%) Docker
2 37 (8.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (5.93%) HDFS
4 26 (5.71%) Active Directory
5 14 (3.08%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (3.08%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (2.20%) Oracle RAC
7 8 (1.76%) vSphere
8 7 (1.54%) Hyper-V
9 6 (1.32%) NFS
10 5 (1.10%) Firmware
11 3 (0.66%) KVM
12 2 (0.44%) OpenAM
12 2 (0.44%) Platform Symphony
12 2 (0.44%) RHEV
12 2 (0.44%) Samba
12 2 (0.44%) vCloud
12 2 (0.44%) Veritas File System
12 2 (0.44%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 2 (0.44%) Xen
Systems Management
1 103 (22.64%) Ansible
2 74 (16.26%) Kubernetes
3 69 (15.16%) Terraform
4 54 (11.87%) Puppet
5 34 (7.47%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (4.84%) Prometheus
7 20 (4.40%) ITRS Geneos
8 18 (3.96%) BladeLogic
8 18 (3.96%) Grafana
9 15 (3.30%) Red Hat Satellite
10 14 (3.08%) Packer
10 14 (3.08%) Single Sign-On
11 13 (2.86%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (2.64%) QRadar
13 11 (2.42%) Data Guard
13 11 (2.42%) Istio
13 11 (2.42%) Rancher
14 9 (1.98%) Mesos
15 8 (1.76%) Consul
15 8 (1.76%) Salt
Vendors
1 145 (31.87%) Oracle
2 68 (14.95%) Red Hat
3 42 (9.23%) IBM
4 41 (9.01%) Splunk
5 39 (8.57%) VMware
6 33 (7.25%) Microsoft
7 25 (5.49%) Talend
8 24 (5.27%) Informatica
9 23 (5.05%) BEA
9 23 (5.05%) Pega
10 22 (4.84%) BMC
10 22 (4.84%) F5
11 20 (4.40%) webMethods
12 19 (4.18%) Sybase
13 18 (3.96%) Cisco
14 17 (3.74%) Atlassian
14 17 (3.74%) ServiceNow
14 17 (3.74%) TIBCO
15 15 (3.30%) Cloudera
16 14 (3.08%) Symantec