Period
to 26 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 26 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
26 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 252 306 227
Rank change year-on-year +54 -79 -28
Contract jobs citing Perl 424 573 1,235
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.99% 0.81% 1.25%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.40% 1.98% 2.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 325 337 760
Median daily rate £450 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -10.00% - -
10th Percentile £320 £321 £320
90th Percentile £615 £650 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £475 £435
% change year-on-year -14.74% +9.20% -0.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 20 12
Median hourly rate £32.50 £40.00 £43.71
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.75% -8.48% +9.27%
10th Percentile £31.00 £24.58 £22.38
90th Percentile £39.00 £55.25 £57.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £40.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -19.75% -4.71% +6.25%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,687 28,929 43,756
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.46% 40.72% 44.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,325 20,265 31,118
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £313 £325 £320
90th Percentile £663 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £430 £425
% change year-on-year -1.16% +1.18% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 428 529 662
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £42.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.16% +1.92% +5.48%
10th Percentile £14.93 £16.50 £16.72
90th Percentile £59.13 £55.00 £51.25
Median hourly rate £42.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.18% - +6.25%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 26 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 26 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 26 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +72 353 £454 -8.00% 117
UK excluding London +71 198 £405 -14.74% 83
London +46 173 £488 -6.25% 47
Work from Home -100 95 £481 -23.00% 25
North of England +53 49 £425 -10.99% 14
Midlands +82 44 £378 +4.28% 16
Scotland +48 39 £403 -12.97% 8
West Midlands +68 38 £378 +11.18% 11
South East +58 38 £388 -18.42% 19
North West +50 27 £445 -15.24% 5
East of England +55 18 £450 - 13
Yorkshire +40 18 £425 -15.00% 6
South West +76 8 £325 -23.53% 7
East Midlands +38 6 £400 -3.61% 5
North East +23 4 £362 +0.21% 3
Wales +9 1 - - 2
Northern Ireland 0 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 26 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 293 (69.10%) Python
2 237 (55.90%) Linux
3 153 (36.08%) Java
4 132 (31.13%) Unix
5 121 (28.54%) Windows
5 121 (28.54%) SQL
6 118 (27.83%) Bash Shell
7 115 (27.12%) DevOps
8 114 (26.89%) Oracle
9 108 (25.47%) Jenkins
10 97 (22.88%) Git (software)
11 91 (21.46%) Agile Software Development
11 91 (21.46%) Ansible
12 89 (20.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 87 (20.52%) AWS
14 86 (20.28%) Kubernetes
15 84 (19.81%) Shell Script
15 84 (19.81%) Configuration Management
16 78 (18.40%) PowerShell
17 72 (16.98%) JIRA
17 72 (16.98%) Docker
18 71 (16.75%) Finance
18 71 (16.75%) PL/SQL
19 68 (16.04%) Azure
20 66 (15.57%) Security Cleared
20 66 (15.57%) Public Sector
21 63 (14.86%) Business Intelligence
21 63 (14.86%) Red Hat
21 63 (14.86%) Puppet
22 56 (13.21%) Problem-Solving

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (11.56%) WebLogic
2 33 (7.78%) Confluence
3 29 (6.84%) Tomcat
4 26 (6.13%) Apache
4 26 (6.13%) Elasticsearch
4 26 (6.13%) JBoss
5 14 (3.30%) IIS
6 12 (2.83%) nginx
7 9 (2.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 9 (2.12%) SharePoint
8 8 (1.89%) SAS
9 7 (1.65%) Apache Spark
9 7 (1.65%) OpenStack
10 6 (1.42%) Mailman
10 6 (1.42%) Oracle Service Bus
11 5 (1.18%) Jetty
11 5 (1.18%) MQSeries
11 5 (1.18%) Oracle Self-Service HR
11 5 (1.18%) Red Hat Fuse
12 4 (0.94%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (1.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.24%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 6 (1.42%) Magento
2 5 (1.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.47%) Fredhopper
3 2 (0.47%) OpenText Process Suite
3 2 (0.47%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.47%) StreamServe
4 1 (0.24%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.24%) FastStats
4 1 (0.24%) FastStats PeopleStage
4 1 (0.24%) Oracle BRM
4 1 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.24%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.24%) RMDS
4 1 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 87 (20.52%) AWS
2 68 (16.04%) Azure
3 31 (7.31%) GitHub
4 22 (5.19%) Amazon EKS
5 17 (4.01%) OpenShift
6 16 (3.77%) GCP
7 13 (3.07%) Amazon Cognito
8 9 (2.12%) PaaS
9 8 (1.89%) Office 365
10 7 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
10 7 (1.65%) IaaS
10 7 (1.65%) SaaS
11 6 (1.42%) OneDrive
12 5 (1.18%) Amazon EC2
12 5 (1.18%) Azure Data Factory
12 5 (1.18%) Serverless
13 4 (0.94%) Amazon S3
14 3 (0.71%) Amazon ELB
14 3 (0.71%) Azure Active Directory
14 3 (0.71%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 41 (9.67%) DNS
2 40 (9.43%) TCP/IP
3 37 (8.73%) Firewall
4 22 (5.19%) HTTP
4 22 (5.19%) SSL
5 21 (4.95%) DHCP
5 21 (4.95%) SAN
6 20 (4.72%) SNMP
7 19 (4.48%) Fibre Channel
8 18 (4.25%) SMTP
9 17 (4.01%) FTP
9 17 (4.01%) SSH
10 10 (2.36%) MPLS
10 10 (2.36%) Network Security
10 10 (2.36%) WAN
11 9 (2.12%) BGP
11 9 (2.12%) iSCSI
11 9 (2.12%) VPN
12 8 (1.89%) IMAP
13 6 (1.42%) S/MIME
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (11.08%) MySQL
2 35 (8.25%) MongoDB
3 30 (7.08%) Relational Database
4 27 (6.37%) SQL Server
5 26 (6.13%) NoSQL
5 26 (6.13%) Oracle Database
6 18 (4.25%) Hadoop
7 17 (4.01%) RDBMS
8 15 (3.54%) Big Data
8 15 (3.54%) MariaDB
8 15 (3.54%) PostgreSQL
9 11 (2.59%) Oracle Database 11g
10 10 (2.36%) DB2
11 9 (2.12%) BusinessObjects
11 9 (2.12%) HBase
12 8 (1.89%) Neo4j
13 7 (1.65%) Apache Hive
14 5 (1.18%) Oracle Reports
15 4 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
15 4 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 108 (25.47%) Jenkins
2 97 (22.88%) Git (software)
3 72 (16.98%) JIRA
4 42 (9.91%) GitLab
5 39 (9.20%) CA Gen
6 32 (7.55%) Artifactory
7 25 (5.90%) Subversion
8 24 (5.66%) Bitbucket
9 23 (5.42%) TeamCity
10 22 (5.19%) Selenium
11 19 (4.48%) Cucumber
12 14 (3.30%) Maven
13 12 (2.83%) Ant
13 12 (2.83%) SoapUI
14 11 (2.59%) GoCD
14 11 (2.59%) Octopus Deploy
14 11 (2.59%) SonarQube
15 10 (2.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 9 (2.12%) Sonatype Nexus
17 8 (1.89%) Mercurial
General
1 71 (16.75%) Finance
2 66 (15.57%) Public Sector
3 40 (9.43%) Banking
4 35 (8.25%) Telecoms
5 26 (6.13%) Electronics
6 25 (5.90%) Manufacturing
6 25 (5.90%) Marketing
7 9 (2.12%) Front Office
8 8 (1.89%) Investment Banking
9 6 (1.42%) Retail
10 5 (1.18%) French Language
11 3 (0.71%) Billing
11 3 (0.71%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.71%) Prime Brokerage
11 3 (0.71%) Synthetic Prime Brokerage
12 2 (0.47%) International Banking
12 2 (0.47%) Legal
12 2 (0.47%) Military
13 1 (0.24%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.24%) Law
Job Titles
1 73 (17.22%) Developer
2 43 (10.14%) DevOps Engineer
3 36 (8.49%) Linux Engineer
4 33 (7.78%) Administrator
5 27 (6.37%) Consultant
6 25 (5.90%) Security Engineer
7 23 (5.42%) Linux Administrator
7 23 (5.42%) Software Engineer
8 19 (4.48%) Platform Engineer
9 18 (4.25%) Java Developer
9 18 (4.25%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 17 (4.01%) Senior DevOps
10 17 (4.01%) Systems Administrator
11 14 (3.30%) Python Engineer
12 13 (3.07%) Analyst
12 13 (3.07%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 11 (2.59%) Architect
13 11 (2.59%) Automation Engineer
13 11 (2.59%) Network Engineer
13 11 (2.59%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (11.08%) Kafka
2 43 (10.14%) J2EE
3 39 (9.20%) Elastic Stack
4 31 (7.31%) SOAP
5 23 (5.42%) XML
6 20 (4.72%) Spring
7 19 (4.48%) REST
7 19 (4.48%) Web Services
8 16 (3.77%) .NET
8 16 (3.77%) LDAP
8 16 (3.77%) Middleware
9 14 (3.30%) Node.js
10 13 (3.07%) HTML
11 12 (2.83%) AngularJS
12 11 (2.59%) jQuery
12 11 (2.59%) JSON
12 11 (2.59%) RabbitMQ
12 11 (2.59%) Software Packaging
13 10 (2.36%) LAMP
13 10 (2.36%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 33 (7.78%) Analytical Skills
2 23 (5.42%) Data Centre
3 22 (5.19%) Linux Command Line
4 18 (4.25%) Management Information System
5 10 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
5 10 (2.36%) VxBlock/Vblock
6 9 (2.12%) Derivative
6 9 (2.12%) Private Cloud
6 9 (2.12%) Robotics
7 8 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
7 8 (1.89%) Equities
7 8 (1.89%) Greenfield Project
8 7 (1.65%) EMC VNX
9 6 (1.42%) Analytical Mindset
10 5 (1.18%) Cloud Native
10 5 (1.18%) Clustering
10 5 (1.18%) Embedded Systems
10 5 (1.18%) Fixed Income
10 5 (1.18%) PKI
10 5 (1.18%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 237 (55.90%) Linux
2 132 (31.13%) Unix
3 121 (28.54%) Windows
4 89 (20.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 35 (8.25%) CentOS
6 27 (6.37%) Solaris
7 19 (4.48%) Debian
8 14 (3.30%) Ubuntu
9 8 (1.89%) Android
9 8 (1.89%) Apple iOS
9 8 (1.89%) SUSE
10 7 (1.65%) AIX
11 5 (1.18%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.47%) HPUX
12 2 (0.47%) VMS
12 2 (0.47%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.47%) Windows Server
12 2 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.24%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 115 (27.12%) DevOps
2 91 (21.46%) Agile Software Development
3 84 (19.81%) Configuration Management
4 63 (14.86%) Business Intelligence
5 56 (13.21%) Problem-Solving
6 50 (11.79%) Migration
6 50 (11.79%) Scrum
6 50 (11.79%) Test Automation
7 46 (10.85%) Waterfall
8 44 (10.38%) OO
9 43 (10.14%) Microservices
9 43 (10.14%) Software Engineering
10 41 (9.67%) Data Modelling
11 39 (9.20%) Problem Management
11 39 (9.20%) Test Strategy
12 37 (8.73%) Cybersecurity
12 37 (8.73%) RUP
13 35 (8.25%) Infrastructure as Code
14 34 (8.02%) Deployment Automation
14 34 (8.02%) Process Improvement
Programming Languages
1 293 (69.10%) Python
2 153 (36.08%) Java
3 121 (28.54%) SQL
4 118 (27.83%) Bash Shell
5 84 (19.81%) Shell Script
6 78 (18.40%) PowerShell
7 71 (16.75%) PL/SQL
8 47 (11.08%) Ruby
9 35 (8.25%) JavaScript
10 30 (7.08%) C
11 29 (6.84%) COBOL
12 28 (6.60%) Groovy
12 28 (6.60%) PHP
13 26 (6.13%) C++
14 24 (5.66%) C#
15 14 (3.30%) Scala
16 11 (2.59%) T-SQL
16 11 (2.59%) VBA
17 9 (2.12%) AWK
18 8 (1.89%) Go
Qualifications
1 66 (15.57%) Security Cleared
2 55 (12.97%) SC Cleared
3 26 (6.13%) Degree
4 14 (3.30%) Cisco Certification
5 12 (2.83%) DV Cleared
6 10 (2.36%) BPSS Clearance
6 10 (2.36%) CCNA
6 10 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (1.89%) CompTIA Security+
7 8 (1.89%) DBS Check
7 8 (1.89%) GCFA
7 8 (1.89%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 6 (1.42%) CCNP
9 5 (1.18%) CCIE
10 4 (0.94%) JNCIA
10 4 (0.94%) NCDA
10 4 (0.94%) VCAP
10 4 (0.94%) VCP6
11 3 (0.71%) CCIE Routing and Switching
11 3 (0.71%) CCIE Service Provider
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (4.95%) QA
2 8 (1.89%) SLA
3 6 (1.42%) GDPR
4 3 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.71%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.71%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.47%) Cyber Essentials
5 2 (0.47%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.47%) NIST
6 1 (0.24%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.24%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.24%) PMO
System Software
1 72 (16.98%) Docker
2 42 (9.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (6.84%) Active Directory
4 12 (2.83%) NFS
5 9 (2.12%) VMware NSX
6 7 (1.65%) Firmware
6 7 (1.65%) HDFS
6 7 (1.65%) Oracle RAC
6 7 (1.65%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (1.18%) KVM
7 5 (1.18%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 5 (1.18%) Virtual Desktop
8 4 (0.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.94%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 4 (0.94%) Xen
9 3 (0.71%) GlusterFS
9 3 (0.71%) ProxySG
9 3 (0.71%) Samba
9 3 (0.71%) Snort
9 3 (0.71%) Veritas File System
Systems Management
1 91 (21.46%) Ansible
2 86 (20.28%) Kubernetes
3 63 (14.86%) Puppet
4 42 (9.91%) Grafana
5 39 (9.20%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (8.73%) Prometheus
7 34 (8.02%) Kibana
8 32 (7.55%) Netcool
9 31 (7.31%) Terraform
10 23 (5.42%) logstash
11 20 (4.72%) Consul
11 20 (4.72%) Istio
11 20 (4.72%) Rancher
12 18 (4.25%) Fluentd
13 16 (3.77%) Tivoli
14 15 (3.54%) Rundeck
15 14 (3.30%) SCOM
16 12 (2.83%) Nagios
17 11 (2.59%) Salt
18 10 (2.36%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 114 (26.89%) Oracle
2 63 (14.86%) Red Hat
3 55 (12.97%) Splunk
4 51 (12.03%) VMware
5 39 (9.20%) BEA
6 38 (8.96%) Pega
7 37 (8.73%) AppDynamics
7 37 (8.73%) IBM
8 36 (8.49%) webMethods
9 30 (7.08%) SAP
10 27 (6.37%) Atlassian
11 22 (5.19%) HP
12 21 (4.95%) EMC
13 19 (4.48%) Cisco
13 19 (4.48%) Microsoft
13 19 (4.48%) Sybase
14 18 (4.25%) Google
14 18 (4.25%) ServiceNow
15 16 (3.77%) SaltStack
16 14 (3.30%) NetApp