Period
to 23 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 23 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 206 153 134
Rank change year-on-year -53 -19 +11
Contract jobs citing Perl 1,331 1,607 1,979
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.32% 1.75% 1.87%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.06% 4.26% 4.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 855 1,014 1,318
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £443
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +7.16% +1.31%
10th Percentile £338 £330 £313
90th Percentile £650 £623 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £400
% change year-on-year - +12.50% +5.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 43 31
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £44.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.09% +14.29% +4.05%
10th Percentile £36.25 £32.75 £32.50
90th Percentile £47.28 £51.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £42.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.33% +5.63% +8.11%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,493 37,692 40,633
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.02% 40.97% 38.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,426 25,832 27,738
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £295 £275
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £403 £380 £375
% change year-on-year +5.92% +1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 775 841 982
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.23% +5.19% +10.00%
10th Percentile £16.61 £16.17 £14.13
90th Percentile £51.85 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year - +3.23% +10.71%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -45 1,253 £498 +4.74% 399
London -66 728 £510 +7.37% 180
UK excluding London -40 584 £450 - 237
North of England +8 159 £425 +7.26% 67
South East -60 156 £425 -5.56% 60
East of England +3 101 £450 -5.26% 32
Midlands +41 84 £525 +23.53% 34
West Midlands +37 65 £530 +21.14% 30
Yorkshire +19 57 £425 +1.19% 25
North West -27 56 £450 +8.43% 39
North East +22 46 £361 -3.67% 3
Scotland -86 32 £400 - 12
South West -19 24 £450 -5.26% 26
Wales -4 21 £469 +10.29% 4
East Midlands +14 17 £500 +100.10% 4
Northern Ireland -41 9 £425 -19.05% 2

For the 6 months to 23 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 958 (71.98%) Python
2 885 (66.49%) Linux
3 555 (41.70%) DevOps
4 518 (38.92%) Unix
5 509 (38.24%) Java
6 431 (32.38%) Bash Shell
7 422 (31.71%) Puppet
8 421 (31.63%) Jenkins
9 419 (31.48%) Ruby
10 409 (30.73%) Agile Software Development
11 394 (29.60%) Ansible
12 340 (25.54%) Configuration Management
13 336 (25.24%) Amazon AWS
14 332 (24.94%) Git (software)
15 298 (22.39%) Docker
16 291 (21.86%) Finance
17 281 (21.11%) SQL
18 279 (20.96%) Windows
19 246 (18.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
20 243 (18.26%) Oracle
21 235 (17.66%) Continuous Integration
22 232 (17.43%) Red Hat
23 231 (17.36%) Opscode Chef
24 210 (15.78%) Problem-Solving
25 196 (14.73%) Shell Script
26 179 (13.45%) Open Source
27 166 (12.47%) Microsoft Azure
28 162 (12.17%) Apache
29 157 (11.80%) Banking
30 154 (11.57%) JIRA

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 162 (12.17%) Apache
2 114 (8.56%) Tomcat
3 93 (6.99%) nginx
4 88 (6.61%) JBoss
5 86 (6.46%) Confluence
6 53 (3.98%) WebLogic
6 53 (3.98%) WebSphere
7 46 (3.46%) Elasticsearch
8 38 (2.85%) Apache Spark
9 36 (2.70%) OpenStack
10 28 (2.10%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 23 (1.73%) WebSphere Application Server
12 22 (1.65%) IIS
12 22 (1.65%) Mule ESB
13 19 (1.43%) Cloud Foundry
13 19 (1.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 17 (1.28%) CMS
14 17 (1.28%) Jetty
14 17 (1.28%) Mule
15 11 (0.83%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 18 (1.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (1.20%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.60%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.45%) Adobe Illustrator
4 6 (0.45%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.15%) Pipeline Pilot
5 2 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.15%) SPSS
6 1 (0.075%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 6 (0.45%) Magento
2 4 (0.30%) HiPortfolio
2 4 (0.30%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 4 (0.30%) Kondor
2 4 (0.30%) RMDS
3 3 (0.23%) ION MarketView
4 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.075%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.075%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.075%) Documaker
5 1 (0.075%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.075%) Eikon
5 1 (0.075%) Exstream
5 1 (0.075%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.075%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.075%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.075%) Relativity
5 1 (0.075%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.075%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 336 (25.24%) Amazon AWS
2 166 (12.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 84 (6.31%) GitHub
4 74 (5.56%) Cloud Computing
5 47 (3.53%) OpenShift
6 36 (2.70%) Google Cloud Platform
7 33 (2.48%) AWS CloudFormation
8 31 (2.33%) IaaS
8 31 (2.33%) PaaS
9 27 (2.03%) Amazon EC2
10 22 (1.65%) Datadog
11 20 (1.50%) Amazon S3
12 14 (1.05%) Slack
13 13 (0.98%) Google Analytics
14 10 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
14 10 (0.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 8 (0.60%) Amazon ELB
15 8 (0.60%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 7 (0.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 7 (0.53%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 148 (11.12%) TCP/IP
2 120 (9.02%) Firewall
3 104 (7.81%) DNS
4 98 (7.36%) HTTP
5 79 (5.94%) SSL
6 68 (5.11%) SAN
7 58 (4.36%) Internet
8 43 (3.23%) SNMP
9 34 (2.55%) FTP
10 31 (2.33%) LAN
11 30 (2.25%) WAN
12 29 (2.18%) DHCP
12 29 (2.18%) SSH
13 26 (1.95%) VLAN
14 25 (1.88%) Network Security
15 24 (1.80%) MPLS
15 24 (1.80%) VPN
16 21 (1.58%) NAS
17 20 (1.50%) SMTP
18 17 (1.28%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 125 (9.39%) PostgreSQL
2 117 (8.79%) Relational Database
3 111 (8.34%) MySQL
4 96 (7.21%) SQL Server
5 93 (6.99%) NoSQL
6 80 (6.01%) MongoDB
7 72 (5.41%) RDBMS
8 67 (5.03%) Big Data
9 50 (3.76%) Oracle Database
10 46 (3.46%) DB2
10 46 (3.46%) Hadoop
11 22 (1.65%) Amazon Redshift
11 22 (1.65%) Data Warehouse
12 20 (1.50%) Blockchain
13 18 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
13 18 (1.35%) HBase
14 15 (1.13%) BusinessObjects
15 12 (0.90%) KDB
15 12 (0.90%) Sybase IQ
16 10 (0.75%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 421 (31.63%) Jenkins
2 332 (24.94%) Git (software)
3 154 (11.57%) JIRA
4 108 (8.11%) Maven
5 107 (8.04%) Subversion
6 66 (4.96%) Sonatype Nexus
7 56 (4.21%) Ant
7 56 (4.21%) TeamCity
8 55 (4.13%) Cucumber
8 55 (4.13%) Selenium
9 45 (3.38%) Artifactory
10 44 (3.31%) JUnit
11 38 (2.85%) GitLab
12 35 (2.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 35 (2.63%) Vagrant
13 29 (2.18%) Bitbucket
14 25 (1.88%) Gradle
15 23 (1.73%) SoapUI
16 22 (1.65%) gulp
17 21 (1.58%) JMeter
General
1 291 (21.86%) Finance
2 157 (11.80%) Banking
3 50 (3.76%) Investment Banking
4 44 (3.31%) Front Office
5 26 (1.95%) Financial Institution
5 26 (1.95%) Telecoms
6 17 (1.28%) Retail
7 12 (0.90%) Marketing
8 10 (0.75%) Games
9 9 (0.68%) Publishing
10 8 (0.60%) Back Office
11 7 (0.53%) Manufacturing
12 6 (0.45%) Electronics
13 5 (0.38%) French Language
13 5 (0.38%) German Language
14 4 (0.30%) Law
14 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.23%) Italian Language
15 3 (0.23%) Spanish Language
16 2 (0.15%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 344 (25.85%) DevOps Engineer
2 260 (19.53%) Developer
3 106 (7.96%) Administrator
4 102 (7.66%) Linux Engineer
5 79 (5.94%) AWS Engineer
6 76 (5.71%) Analyst
6 76 (5.71%) AWS DevOps
7 67 (5.03%) Consultant
7 67 (5.03%) Linux/Unix DevOps
7 67 (5.03%) Systems Administrator
8 64 (4.81%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 60 (4.51%) Linux DevOps Engineer
10 56 (4.21%) Java Developer
11 51 (3.83%) Architect
11 51 (3.83%) Cloud Engineer
12 49 (3.68%) Linux Administrator
13 44 (3.31%) Senior DevOps
14 43 (3.23%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 39 (2.93%) Lead DevOps
15 39 (2.93%) Linux Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 99 (7.44%) Middleware
2 94 (7.06%) XML
3 89 (6.69%) Web Services
4 85 (6.39%) JSON
5 80 (6.01%) Elastic Stack
6 77 (5.79%) J2EE
7 75 (5.63%) HTML
8 71 (5.33%) .NET
9 65 (4.88%) Spring
10 62 (4.66%) AngularJS
11 57 (4.28%) CSS
12 46 (3.46%) RabbitMQ
13 43 (3.23%) Node.js
14 42 (3.16%) LAMP
15 40 (3.01%) jQuery
16 39 (2.93%) LEMP Stack
17 36 (2.70%) Ajax
18 34 (2.55%) ActiveMQ
19 33 (2.48%) SOAP
20 30 (2.25%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 153 (11.50%) Analytical Skills
2 70 (5.26%) Data Centre
3 65 (4.88%) Linux Command Line
4 59 (4.43%) Enterprise Software
5 57 (4.28%) Computer Science
6 52 (3.91%) Public Cloud
7 42 (3.16%) Equities
8 40 (3.01%) Management Information System
8 40 (3.01%) Self-Motivation
9 30 (2.25%) Clustering
9 30 (2.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 27 (2.03%) Greenfield Project
11 25 (1.88%) Algorithms
11 25 (1.88%) Fixed Income
12 19 (1.43%) Replication
13 18 (1.35%) Data Structures
14 17 (1.28%) Derivative
15 15 (1.13%) Hybrid Cloud
16 13 (0.98%) Virtual Team
17 11 (0.83%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 885 (66.49%) Linux
2 518 (38.92%) Unix
3 279 (20.96%) Windows
4 246 (18.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 77 (5.79%) Solaris
6 70 (5.26%) CentOS
7 64 (4.81%) Ubuntu
8 48 (3.61%) Windows Server
9 46 (3.46%) AIX
10 20 (1.50%) Windows Server 2008
11 19 (1.43%) HPUX
12 16 (1.20%) Debian
13 10 (0.75%) Android
13 10 (0.75%) Apple iOS
13 10 (0.75%) SUSE
14 9 (0.68%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 9 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
15 5 (0.38%) DC/OS
15 5 (0.38%) Fedora
15 5 (0.38%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 555 (41.70%) DevOps
2 409 (30.73%) Agile Software Development
3 340 (25.54%) Configuration Management
4 235 (17.66%) Continuous Integration
5 210 (15.78%) Problem-Solving
6 179 (13.45%) Open Source
7 149 (11.19%) Continuous Delivery
8 146 (10.97%) Test Automation
9 126 (9.47%) OO
10 125 (9.39%) Migration
11 117 (8.79%) Deployment Automation
11 117 (8.79%) ITIL
12 112 (8.41%) Scrum
13 109 (8.19%) TDD
14 100 (7.51%) SDLC
15 93 (6.99%) Microservices
16 91 (6.84%) Mentoring
17 86 (6.46%) Load Balancing
18 72 (5.41%) Task Automation
19 67 (5.03%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 958 (71.98%) Python
2 509 (38.24%) Java
3 431 (32.38%) Bash Shell
4 419 (31.48%) Ruby
5 281 (21.11%) SQL
6 196 (14.73%) Shell Script
7 142 (10.67%) C++
8 139 (10.44%) JavaScript
9 137 (10.29%) PowerShell
10 111 (8.34%) PHP
11 104 (7.81%) C#
12 87 (6.54%) C
13 54 (4.06%) Korn
14 52 (3.91%) Scala
15 44 (3.31%) PL/SQL
16 41 (3.08%) Groovy
17 33 (2.48%) VB
18 32 (2.40%) Go
19 19 (1.43%) Java 8
20 18 (1.35%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 142 (10.67%) Security Cleared
2 101 (7.59%) SC Cleared
3 96 (7.21%) Degree
4 29 (2.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (1.28%) DV Cleared
6 16 (1.20%) Cisco Certification
7 15 (1.13%) AWS Certification
8 13 (0.98%) CCNA
8 13 (0.98%) CCNP
8 13 (0.98%) CISSP
9 11 (0.83%) RHCE
9 11 (0.83%) SANS
10 6 (0.45%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.30%) ISEB
11 4 (0.30%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.30%) PhD
12 3 (0.23%) HP ASE
12 3 (0.23%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (3.23%) QA
2 18 (1.35%) GDPR
3 17 (1.28%) GCP
4 9 (0.68%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.53%) MiFID
5 7 (0.53%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.38%) SLA
7 4 (0.30%) EMIR
8 3 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.23%) PMO
9 1 (0.075%) GPG for Computer-Based Electronic Evidence
9 1 (0.075%) IEC 62304
9 1 (0.075%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.075%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.075%) MISRA
9 1 (0.075%) MISRA C
System Software
1 298 (22.39%) Docker
2 61 (4.58%) VMware Infrastructure
3 39 (2.93%) Virtual Machines
4 32 (2.40%) Active Directory
5 30 (2.25%) NFS
6 21 (1.58%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 21 (1.58%) Xen
7 19 (1.43%) vSphere
8 18 (1.35%) Firmware
9 13 (0.98%) iptables
10 12 (0.90%) KVM
11 11 (0.83%) HDFS
11 11 (0.83%) Samba
12 9 (0.68%) Hyper-V
12 9 (0.68%) VirtualBox
12 9 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
13 8 (0.60%) GeoWebCache
13 8 (0.60%) Postfix
13 8 (0.60%) Sendmail
13 8 (0.60%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 422 (31.71%) Puppet
2 394 (29.60%) Ansible
3 231 (17.36%) Opscode Chef
4 141 (10.59%) Kubernetes
5 113 (8.49%) Terraform
6 54 (4.06%) Nagios
7 51 (3.83%) ZABBIX
8 41 (3.08%) HAProxy
8 41 (3.08%) Salt
9 40 (3.01%) Grafana
10 35 (2.63%) Kibana
11 28 (2.10%) logstash
12 22 (1.65%) Packer
13 21 (1.58%) NetBackup
14 19 (1.43%) ITRS Geneos
15 18 (1.35%) Rancher
16 17 (1.28%) Mesos
16 17 (1.28%) Red Hat Satellite
17 16 (1.20%) CFEngine
18 14 (1.05%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 243 (18.26%) Oracle
2 232 (17.43%) Red Hat
3 129 (9.69%) Splunk
4 103 (7.74%) Sybase
4 103 (7.74%) VMware
5 72 (5.41%) IBM
6 66 (4.96%) Microsoft
7 58 (4.36%) New Relic
8 46 (3.46%) Google
9 44 (3.31%) Atlassian
10 37 (2.78%) CA
11 36 (2.70%) Veritas
12 35 (2.63%) Cisco
12 35 (2.63%) Sun
13 34 (2.55%) HP
14 32 (2.40%) AppDynamics
15 30 (2.25%) Adobe
16 29 (2.18%) F5
16 29 (2.18%) SaltStack
17 25 (1.88%) EMC