Period
to 16 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 16 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
16 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 306 235 203
Rank change year-on-year -71 -32 -46
Contract jobs citing Perl 541 1,180 1,352
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 1.20% 1.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.95% 2.73% 3.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 303 687 873
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.10% -0.10% +11.11%
10th Percentile £330 £315 £338
90th Percentile £625 £613 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +11.76% -5.56% +9.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 17 27
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £43.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.98% +7.50% -9.09%
10th Percentile £31.50 £13.90 £37.92
90th Percentile £57.50 £59.50 £46.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -4.71% +6.25% -9.09%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 27,763 43,219 42,560
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.81% 43.92% 42.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,931 30,291 29,904
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £453
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.97% +6.47%
10th Percentile £325 £323 £310
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 578 701 782
UK median hourly rate £42.25 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.59% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.21 £17.25 £16.75
90th Percentile £53.83 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.63 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -2.05% +6.25% -

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 16 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -75 469 £500 - 200
UK excluding London -60 315 £475 +11.76% 136
London -62 213 £500 -7.41% 88
South East +28 105 £475 +11.76% 52
North of England +5 82 £500 +15.27% 18
Scotland -39 42 £475 +11.76% 14
North West +30 37 £625 +78.57% 9
East of England -20 31 £450 +7.14% 12
Yorkshire +27 29 £500 +11.11% 7
Midlands -15 23 £415 -20.95% 13
West Midlands -18 17 £450 -15.09% 10
South West +15 16 £425 +7.94% 17
North East +3 16 £361 -26.28% 2
Wales +33 10 £573 +129.00% 6
East Midlands +33 6 £385 -4.35% 3
Northern Ireland +9 6 £390 -8.24% 4

For the 6 months to 16 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 379 (70.06%) Python
2 299 (55.27%) Linux
3 174 (32.16%) Unix
4 169 (31.24%) Java
5 164 (30.31%) Agile Software Development
6 163 (30.13%) Bash Shell
7 152 (28.10%) DevOps
8 148 (27.36%) Puppet
9 146 (26.99%) SQL
10 140 (25.88%) Shell Script
11 138 (25.51%) AWS
12 136 (25.14%) Ansible
13 118 (21.81%) Ruby
14 117 (21.63%) Oracle
15 116 (21.44%) Opscode Chef
16 105 (19.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 104 (19.22%) Jenkins
17 104 (19.22%) Docker
18 102 (18.85%) Windows
19 101 (18.67%) Git (software)
20 93 (17.19%) Configuration Management
21 92 (17.01%) Red Hat
22 88 (16.27%) Kubernetes
23 87 (16.08%) Security Cleared
24 80 (14.79%) Problem-Solving
25 73 (13.49%) Analytical Skills
26 71 (13.12%) ITIL
27 69 (12.75%) Azure
28 67 (12.38%) PowerShell
28 67 (12.38%) Terraform

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (5.73%) Apache
2 29 (5.36%) Tomcat
3 25 (4.62%) WebLogic
4 23 (4.25%) OpenStack
5 17 (3.14%) Confluence
5 17 (3.14%) IIS
5 17 (3.14%) nginx
6 16 (2.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 13 (2.40%) Apache Spark
8 12 (2.22%) Oracle Service Bus
9 10 (1.85%) JBoss
10 8 (1.48%) SharePoint
11 5 (0.92%) CMS
11 5 (0.92%) Drupal
11 5 (0.92%) Elasticsearch
11 5 (0.92%) SAS
12 3 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.55%) Red Hat Fuse
13 2 (0.37%) Apache Solr
13 2 (0.37%) Jetty
Applications
1 3 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 28 (5.18%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.55%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.55%) CA PPM
3 2 (0.37%) Kondor
3 2 (0.37%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.37%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
3 2 (0.37%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 138 (25.51%) AWS
2 69 (12.75%) Azure
3 38 (7.02%) GitHub
4 36 (6.65%) GCP
5 24 (4.44%) AWS CloudFormation
6 22 (4.07%) Datadog
7 18 (3.33%) Office 365
8 17 (3.14%) IaaS
9 15 (2.77%) SaaS
10 14 (2.59%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 13 (2.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 13 (2.40%) OpenShift
12 12 (2.22%) AWS Lambda
12 12 (2.22%) Serverless
13 11 (2.03%) Power Platform
14 10 (1.85%) Amazon EC2
14 10 (1.85%) Amazon S3
14 10 (1.85%) Google Analytics
15 8 (1.48%) Amazon Kinesis
15 8 (1.48%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 59 (10.91%) TCP/IP
2 38 (7.02%) DNS
2 38 (7.02%) SNMP
2 38 (7.02%) VPN
3 29 (5.36%) Junos
4 28 (5.18%) HTTP
4 28 (5.18%) LAN
5 25 (4.62%) Wireshark
6 24 (4.44%) BGP
6 24 (4.44%) Cisco Nexus
7 23 (4.25%) Cisco IOS
7 23 (4.25%) MPLS
8 21 (3.88%) Firewall
8 21 (3.88%) OSPF
9 20 (3.70%) WAN
10 19 (3.51%) NX-OS
11 18 (3.33%) EIGRP
11 18 (3.33%) Wireless
12 17 (3.14%) Multicast
12 17 (3.14%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (8.50%) SQL Server
2 40 (7.39%) MongoDB
2 40 (7.39%) Oracle Database
3 38 (7.02%) MySQL
4 28 (5.18%) Oracle Database 11g
5 26 (4.81%) NoSQL
6 22 (4.07%) Oracle Database 12c
7 19 (3.51%) Hadoop
7 19 (3.51%) PostgreSQL
8 18 (3.33%) Relational Database
9 16 (2.96%) Amazon Redshift
9 16 (2.96%) Data Warehouse
10 14 (2.59%) Big Data
11 13 (2.40%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (2.03%) Apache Hive
12 11 (2.03%) BusinessObjects
13 10 (1.85%) HBase
14 9 (1.66%) Amazon RDS
14 9 (1.66%) Oracle Exadata
14 9 (1.66%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 104 (19.22%) Jenkins
2 101 (18.67%) Git (software)
3 57 (10.54%) JIRA
4 43 (7.95%) Sonatype Nexus
5 26 (4.81%) Selenium
6 21 (3.88%) Cucumber
7 18 (3.33%) CA Gen
8 17 (3.14%) Ant
8 17 (3.14%) SonarQube
9 15 (2.77%) CircleCI
9 15 (2.77%) Travis CI
10 14 (2.59%) Subversion
11 13 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 13 (2.40%) gulp
11 13 (2.40%) TeamCity
12 12 (2.22%) Karma Test Runner
13 11 (2.03%) Bitbucket
13 11 (2.03%) IntelliJ
13 11 (2.03%) ProC
13 11 (2.03%) PVCS
General
1 64 (11.83%) Finance
2 55 (10.17%) Banking
3 34 (6.28%) Front Office
3 34 (6.28%) Public Sector
4 27 (4.99%) Investment Banking
5 11 (2.03%) Telecoms
6 5 (0.92%) Law
7 4 (0.74%) Back Office
7 4 (0.74%) Publishing
8 3 (0.55%) Marketing
8 3 (0.55%) Retail
9 2 (0.37%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.37%) Games
9 2 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (0.37%) Prime Brokerage
10 1 (0.18%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.18%) Automotive
10 1 (0.18%) German Language
10 1 (0.18%) Legal
10 1 (0.18%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 117 (21.63%) Developer
2 73 (13.49%) DevOps Engineer
3 48 (8.87%) Architect
4 37 (6.84%) Network Engineer
5 36 (6.65%) Administrator
5 36 (6.65%) Designer
6 31 (5.73%) Linux Engineer
7 30 (5.55%) Solutions Designer
8 25 (4.62%) Solutions Architect
9 24 (4.44%) AWS Engineer
9 24 (4.44%) Oracle Developer
10 23 (4.25%) Cloud Engineer
11 20 (3.70%) Analyst
11 20 (3.70%) Consultant
12 18 (3.33%) DBA
13 17 (3.14%) Cisco Engineer
13 17 (3.14%) Cisco Network Engineer
13 17 (3.14%) Senior DevOps
13 17 (3.14%) Support Engineer
13 17 (3.14%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (12.38%) Web Services
2 63 (11.65%) REST
3 49 (9.06%) SOAP
4 46 (8.50%) JSON
5 41 (7.58%) XML
6 28 (5.18%) J2EE
7 26 (4.81%) RESTful
8 23 (4.25%) CSS
9 22 (4.07%) HTML
10 21 (3.88%) AngularJS
10 21 (3.88%) LDAP
11 20 (3.70%) .NET
11 20 (3.70%) Node.js
12 19 (3.51%) Middleware
12 19 (3.51%) Spring
13 15 (2.77%) 802.1X
14 14 (2.59%) Elastic Stack
14 14 (2.59%) jQuery
15 13 (2.40%) STL
16 12 (2.22%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 73 (13.49%) Analytical Skills
2 26 (4.81%) Data Centre
2 26 (4.81%) Public Cloud
3 22 (4.07%) Linux Command Line
4 15 (2.77%) User Experience
5 14 (2.59%) Private Cloud
6 13 (2.40%) Management Information System
7 10 (1.85%) Clustering
7 10 (1.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 9 (1.66%) Derivative
9 8 (1.48%) Cyberthreat
9 8 (1.48%) Wiki
10 7 (1.29%) Enterprise Cloud
10 7 (1.29%) VxBlock/Vblock
11 6 (1.11%) Blog
11 6 (1.11%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
12 5 (0.92%) Robotics
12 5 (0.92%) Web 2.0
13 4 (0.74%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 299 (55.27%) Linux
2 174 (32.16%) Unix
3 105 (19.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 102 (18.85%) Windows
5 41 (7.58%) Solaris
6 34 (6.28%) Ubuntu
7 26 (4.81%) CentOS
8 20 (3.70%) Windows Server
9 13 (2.40%) HPUX
10 10 (1.85%) Mac OS
10 10 (1.85%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 8 (1.48%) AIX
11 8 (1.48%) Debian
11 8 (1.48%) Embedded Linux
12 7 (1.29%) Apple iOS
12 7 (1.29%) Mac OS X
13 6 (1.11%) SUSE
13 6 (1.11%) VMS
14 5 (0.92%) Windows Server 2008
14 5 (0.92%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 164 (30.31%) Agile Software Development
2 152 (28.10%) DevOps
3 93 (17.19%) Configuration Management
4 80 (14.79%) Problem-Solving
5 71 (13.12%) ITIL
6 63 (11.65%) Test Automation
7 46 (8.50%) Continuous Integration
8 44 (8.13%) Migration
9 40 (7.39%) Open Source
9 40 (7.39%) Scrum
10 35 (6.47%) Analytics
10 35 (6.47%) Software Engineering
11 32 (5.91%) Change Management
11 32 (5.91%) Data Modelling
11 32 (5.91%) SDLC
11 32 (5.91%) Technical Leadership
11 32 (5.91%) Unit Testing
12 31 (5.73%) Kanban
12 31 (5.73%) Performance Tuning
13 30 (5.55%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 379 (70.06%) Python
2 169 (31.24%) Java
3 163 (30.13%) Bash Shell
4 146 (26.99%) SQL
5 140 (25.88%) Shell Script
6 118 (21.81%) Ruby
7 67 (12.38%) PowerShell
8 59 (10.91%) JavaScript
9 55 (10.17%) C
9 55 (10.17%) C++
10 48 (8.87%) PL/SQL
11 43 (7.95%) PHP
12 38 (7.02%) C#
13 25 (4.62%) Scala
14 24 (4.44%) Go
15 21 (3.88%) Korn
16 20 (3.70%) Groovy
17 17 (3.14%) Haskell
18 9 (1.66%) T-SQL
19 8 (1.48%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 87 (16.08%) Security Cleared
2 64 (11.83%) SC Cleared
3 28 (5.18%) Cisco Certification
4 26 (4.81%) CCNP
5 23 (4.25%) CCNA
6 21 (3.88%) Degree
7 16 (2.96%) AWS Certification
8 12 (2.22%) CISSP
9 11 (2.03%) OCP
9 11 (2.03%) Oracle Certification
10 9 (1.66%) CISM
10 9 (1.66%) RHCE
11 8 (1.48%) Computer Science Degree
11 8 (1.48%) DV Cleared
12 7 (1.29%) CISA
12 7 (1.29%) CISMP
12 7 (1.29%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
12 7 (1.29%) ISSMP
12 7 (1.29%) MCSA
12 7 (1.29%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (5.55%) QA
2 10 (1.85%) PCI DSS
3 9 (1.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 9 (1.66%) NIST
3 9 (1.66%) SLA
4 7 (1.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 4 (0.74%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.37%) GDPR
6 2 (0.37%) GMP
6 2 (0.37%) ISO 9000
6 2 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 104 (19.22%) Docker
2 42 (7.76%) VMware Infrastructure
3 25 (4.62%) Active Directory
4 13 (2.40%) Oracle RAC
5 12 (2.22%) Hyper-V
5 12 (2.22%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (2.03%) HDFS
7 9 (1.66%) VMware NSX
8 7 (1.29%) KVM
8 7 (1.29%) Samba
8 7 (1.29%) vSphere
9 6 (1.11%) EMC RecoverPoint
9 6 (1.11%) NFS
9 6 (1.11%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.74%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (0.74%) VirtualBox
11 3 (0.55%) Firmware
11 3 (0.55%) Squid
12 2 (0.37%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 1 (0.18%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 148 (27.36%) Puppet
2 136 (25.14%) Ansible
3 116 (21.44%) Opscode Chef
4 88 (16.27%) Kubernetes
5 67 (12.38%) Terraform
6 53 (9.80%) Nagios
7 35 (6.47%) Netcool
7 35 (6.47%) Netcool/OMNIbus
8 28 (5.18%) Amdocs OSS
9 24 (4.44%) Salt
10 23 (4.25%) Docker Swarm
11 21 (3.88%) ZABBIX
12 20 (3.70%) Kibana
13 19 (3.51%) Cacti
14 18 (3.33%) Grafana
15 15 (2.77%) Cisco Prime
15 15 (2.77%) Data Guard
15 15 (2.77%) NetMRI
15 15 (2.77%) Statseeker
16 13 (2.40%) Jamf Pro
Vendors
1 117 (21.63%) Oracle
2 92 (17.01%) Red Hat
3 55 (10.17%) VMware
4 54 (9.98%) Splunk
5 51 (9.43%) Cisco
6 48 (8.87%) IBM
7 45 (8.32%) ServiceNow
8 42 (7.76%) Microsoft
9 39 (7.21%) Google
10 32 (5.91%) Juniper
11 30 (5.55%) BMC
11 30 (5.55%) Remedy
12 28 (5.18%) Cramer
12 28 (5.18%) Siebel
12 28 (5.18%) xMatters
13 24 (4.44%) Informatica
14 22 (4.07%) webMethods
15 19 (3.51%) Pega
16 18 (3.33%) BEA
16 18 (3.33%) New Relic