Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 388 250 295
Rank change year-on-year -138 +45 -69
Contract jobs citing Perl 512 333 768
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.61% 1.06% 0.91%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.53% 2.49% 2.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 335 212 452
10th Percentile £400 £300 £326
25th Percentile £438 £363 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £505
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -10.89% +6.32%
75th Percentile £600 £571 £603
90th Percentile £675 £649 £750
UK excluding London median daily rate £490 £401 £450
% change year-on-year +22.12% -10.83% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 11 18
10th Percentile £36.35 " £29.63
25th Percentile £37.25 £31.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £45.84
Median % change year-on-year +18.06% -21.46% +14.59%
75th Percentile £48.75 £39.00 £52.06
90th Percentile £57.75 £57.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £35.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +18.88% -20.56% +12.50%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,366 13,348 35,465
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.55% 42.37% 42.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,014 9,346 24,885
10th Percentile £363 £313 £320
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £481 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.20% +1.21% -
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £680 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +8.24% - +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 450 263 641
10th Percentile £17.49 £13.00 £19.18
25th Percentile £25.50 £21.25 £34.00
Median hourly rate £45.32 £37.93 £44.50
Median % change year-on-year +19.49% -14.78% +5.95%
75th Percentile £58.75 £47.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £67.76 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £39.50 £44.00
% change year-on-year +13.92% -10.23% +3.53%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -125 429 £513 +7.89% 146
UK excluding London -104 215 £490 +22.12% 105
London -163 212 £550 +10.00% 56
Work from Home -128 140 £498 +10.56% 31
South East -63 67 £450 +20.00% 27
Midlands -24 64 £500 +38.89% 9
West Midlands -12 62 £507 +40.83% 9
North of England -81 27 £453 +22.30% 24
Scotland -89 27 £490 +22.12% 11
North West -45 24 £453 +3.90% 15
East of England -47 20 £491 +9.78% 16
South West -59 7 £525 -19.23% 14
Wales -21 5 £525 +10.53% 3
Yorkshire -55 3 £515 +79.05% 6
East Midlands -29 2 £420 -

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 375 (73.24%) Python
2 283 (55.27%) Linux
3 274 (53.52%) Java
4 214 (41.80%) Unix
5 191 (37.30%) SQL
6 171 (33.40%) Oracle
7 155 (30.27%) Bash Shell
7 155 (30.27%) Social Skills
8 134 (26.17%) AWS
8 134 (26.17%) Ansible
9 133 (25.98%) Git (software)
10 132 (25.78%) Shell Script
11 125 (24.41%) Agile Software Development
12 119 (23.24%) DevOps
13 113 (22.07%) Windows
14 108 (21.09%) Jenkins
15 99 (19.34%) Azure
16 97 (18.95%) Red Hat
16 97 (18.95%) Finance
17 96 (18.75%) Problem-Solving
18 92 (17.97%) PHP
19 89 (17.38%) Configuration Management
19 89 (17.38%) Software Engineering
20 87 (16.99%) MySQL
21 85 (16.60%) Ruby
22 83 (16.21%) Kubernetes
23 82 (16.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
24 81 (15.82%) Docker
24 81 (15.82%) JIRA
25 75 (14.65%) VMware

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (8.98%) Confluence
2 35 (6.84%) WebLogic
3 27 (5.27%) Apache
3 27 (5.27%) SAS
3 27 (5.27%) Tomcat
4 20 (3.91%) Apache Spark
5 16 (3.13%) OpenStack
6 10 (1.95%) Apache Pig
7 8 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (1.56%) SharePoint
8 7 (1.37%) nginx
9 6 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
9 6 (1.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.78%) JBoss
10 4 (0.78%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.59%) Mule
11 3 (0.59%) WebSphere Application Server
12 2 (0.39%) Apache Solr
12 2 (0.39%) IBM Domino
13 1 (0.20%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 28 (5.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.39%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.17%) BusinessWorks
2 5 (0.98%) Remedy ITSM
2 5 (0.98%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.39%) Magento
3 2 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.39%) SunGard Martini
4 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.20%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.20%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 134 (26.17%) AWS
2 99 (19.34%) Azure
3 33 (6.45%) GCP
4 25 (4.88%) GitHub
5 23 (4.49%) SaaS
6 18 (3.52%) Amazon EC2
6 18 (3.52%) Amazon EKS
6 18 (3.52%) Azure Active Directory
7 17 (3.32%) IaaS
7 17 (3.32%) PaaS
8 16 (3.13%) OpenShift
8 16 (3.13%) Serverless
9 14 (2.73%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (2.34%) AWS CloudFormation
11 10 (1.95%) Amazon ELB
11 10 (1.95%) Amazon S3
12 9 (1.76%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 9 (1.76%) Azure Data Factory
12 9 (1.76%) Azure Functions
12 9 (1.76%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 37 (7.23%) TCP/IP
2 34 (6.64%) DNS
3 29 (5.66%) SAN
4 25 (4.88%) HTTP
5 20 (3.91%) SNMP
6 16 (3.13%) Internet
7 14 (2.73%) Firewall
7 14 (2.73%) IPv4
7 14 (2.73%) Network Security
8 13 (2.54%) SSH
9 12 (2.34%) LAN
10 11 (2.15%) WAN
11 9 (1.76%) VPN
12 8 (1.56%) BGP
12 8 (1.56%) OSPF
12 8 (1.56%) SMTP
12 8 (1.56%) TACACS
13 6 (1.17%) Kerberos
14 5 (0.98%) DHCP
14 5 (0.98%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 87 (16.99%) MySQL
2 51 (9.96%) Relational Database
3 39 (7.62%) SQL Server
4 33 (6.45%) Hadoop
5 31 (6.05%) HBase
5 31 (6.05%) PostgreSQL
6 30 (5.86%) Data Warehouse
7 27 (5.27%) Oracle Database
8 24 (4.69%) RDBMS
9 23 (4.49%) Apache Hive
10 22 (4.30%) MongoDB
10 22 (4.30%) Pentaho
11 15 (2.93%) DB2
12 13 (2.54%) Apache Cassandra
13 12 (2.34%) NoSQL
14 11 (2.15%) Data Mart
15 10 (1.95%) Azure SQL Database
15 10 (1.95%) Data Lake
15 10 (1.95%) SAP HANA
16 9 (1.76%) Flink
Development Applications
1 133 (25.98%) Git (software)
2 108 (21.09%) Jenkins
3 81 (15.82%) JIRA
4 47 (9.18%) Bitbucket
5 27 (5.27%) Subversion
6 26 (5.08%) CA Gen
7 23 (4.49%) GitLab
7 23 (4.49%) Maven
8 19 (3.71%) Artifactory
9 18 (3.52%) Sonatype Nexus
10 13 (2.54%) SonarQube
11 12 (2.34%) Eclipse
11 12 (2.34%) TeamCity
12 11 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 11 (2.15%) Selenium
13 9 (1.76%) Burp Suite
13 9 (1.76%) Metasploit
14 8 (1.56%) Ant
14 8 (1.56%) Visual Studio
15 7 (1.37%) JMeter
General
1 155 (30.27%) Social Skills
2 97 (18.95%) Finance
3 66 (12.89%) Analytical Skills
4 51 (9.96%) Banking
5 41 (8.01%) Public Sector
6 27 (5.27%) Investment Banking
7 26 (5.08%) Front Office
8 25 (4.88%) Telecoms
9 15 (2.93%) Electronics
10 14 (2.73%) Manufacturing
11 12 (2.34%) Documentation Skills
11 12 (2.34%) Marketing
12 11 (2.15%) Retail
13 9 (1.76%) Back Office
14 8 (1.56%) Financial Institution
15 6 (1.17%) Legal
16 4 (0.78%) German Language
16 4 (0.78%) Law
16 4 (0.78%) Presentation Skills
16 4 (0.78%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 109 (21.29%) Developer
2 60 (11.72%) DevOps Engineer
3 50 (9.77%) Administrator
4 48 (9.38%) Software Engineer
5 32 (6.25%) Systems Administrator
6 28 (5.47%) Linux Administrator
7 26 (5.08%) Java Developer
8 22 (4.30%) Architect
9 20 (3.91%) Consultant
10 19 (3.71%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 19 (3.71%) Senior DevOps
11 18 (3.52%) Analyst
11 18 (3.52%) Cloud Engineer
11 18 (3.52%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 14 (2.73%) Linux Engineer
12 14 (2.73%) Unix Engineer
13 12 (2.34%) PHP Developer
13 12 (2.34%) Platform Engineer
13 12 (2.34%) Security Engineer
13 12 (2.34%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (8.59%) Kafka
2 38 (7.42%) Web Services
3 37 (7.23%) J2EE
4 32 (6.25%) Elastic Stack
4 32 (6.25%) LDAP
5 31 (6.05%) REST
6 29 (5.66%) Spring
6 29 (5.66%) XML
7 26 (5.08%) Node.js
8 24 (4.69%) .NET
9 22 (4.30%) SOAP
10 19 (3.71%) AngularJS
10 19 (3.71%) Middleware
10 19 (3.71%) RESTful
11 18 (3.52%) HTML
12 13 (2.54%) JSON
12 13 (2.54%) Spring Boot
13 11 (2.15%) React
14 10 (1.95%) CSS
15 9 (1.76%) Spark Streaming
Miscellaneous
1 35 (6.84%) Data Centre
2 21 (4.10%) Clustering
2 21 (4.10%) Linux Command Line
3 18 (3.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 18 (3.52%) User Experience
4 17 (3.32%) Mobile App
4 17 (3.32%) Self-Motivation
5 16 (3.13%) Cloud Native
5 16 (3.13%) Fixed Income
5 16 (3.13%) Replication
6 15 (2.93%) Management Information System
7 13 (2.54%) Derivative
8 11 (2.15%) Public Cloud
9 10 (1.95%) Data Protection Act
9 10 (1.95%) Equities
9 10 (1.95%) Hybrid Cloud
9 10 (1.95%) Legacy Applications
10 8 (1.56%) Algorithms
10 8 (1.56%) Mainframe
11 7 (1.37%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 283 (55.27%) Linux
2 214 (41.80%) Unix
3 113 (22.07%) Windows
4 82 (16.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 36 (7.03%) Solaris
6 24 (4.69%) Ubuntu
7 14 (2.73%) CentOS
8 13 (2.54%) Windows Server
9 10 (1.95%) AIX
10 9 (1.76%) Debian
11 8 (1.56%) Apple iOS
11 8 (1.56%) SUSE
12 7 (1.37%) Android
13 6 (1.17%) VMS
14 4 (0.78%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.59%) Data ONTAP
16 2 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
16 2 (0.39%) HPUX
16 2 (0.39%) Windows Server 2016
16 2 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 125 (24.41%) Agile Software Development
2 119 (23.24%) DevOps
3 96 (18.75%) Problem-Solving
4 89 (17.38%) Configuration Management
4 89 (17.38%) Software Engineering
5 75 (14.65%) Analytics
6 73 (14.26%) Microservices
7 71 (13.87%) Scrum
8 60 (11.72%) Computer Science
9 54 (10.55%) Business Intelligence
10 51 (9.96%) Continuous Integration
10 51 (9.96%) Process Improvement
11 50 (9.77%) Migration
12 49 (9.57%) Test Strategy
13 43 (8.40%) OO
13 43 (8.40%) Problem Management
14 38 (7.42%) Data Modelling
15 37 (7.23%) Waterfall
16 35 (6.84%) ITIL
17 34 (6.64%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 375 (73.24%) Python
2 274 (53.52%) Java
3 191 (37.30%) SQL
4 155 (30.27%) Bash Shell
5 132 (25.78%) Shell Script
6 92 (17.97%) PHP
7 85 (16.60%) Ruby
8 75 (14.65%) C#
9 73 (14.26%) JavaScript
10 70 (13.67%) PL/SQL
10 70 (13.67%) PowerShell
11 61 (11.91%) C
12 60 (11.72%) C++
13 31 (6.05%) Go
14 29 (5.66%) R
15 28 (5.47%) Scala
16 24 (4.69%) VBA
17 22 (4.30%) COBOL
17 22 (4.30%) HiveQL
18 15 (2.93%) AWK
Qualifications
1 70 (13.67%) Degree
2 64 (12.50%) Security Cleared
3 54 (10.55%) SC Cleared
4 42 (8.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (2.34%) CREST Certified
6 11 (2.15%) SANS
7 8 (1.56%) RHCE
8 7 (1.37%) CISSP
8 7 (1.37%) PhD
9 5 (0.98%) LPIC
9 5 (0.98%) RHCT
10 4 (0.78%) AWS Certification
10 4 (0.78%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
11 3 (0.59%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.39%) CCIE
12 2 (0.39%) CCIE Routing and Switching
12 2 (0.39%) CCIE Service Provider
12 2 (0.39%) RHCSA
12 2 (0.39%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.91%) QA
2 12 (2.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 10 (1.95%) GDPR
3 10 (1.95%) NCSC
4 8 (1.56%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 3 (0.59%) Cyber Essentials
6 3 (0.59%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 2 (0.39%) Accessibility
7 2 (0.39%) SLA
8 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.20%) JTAG
8 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.20%) SOC 1
8 1 (0.20%) SOC 2
System Software
1 81 (15.82%) Docker
2 47 (9.18%) Active Directory
3 43 (8.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (4.49%) HDFS
5 13 (2.54%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (1.56%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (1.17%) NFS
7 6 (1.17%) Oracle RAC
7 6 (1.17%) Veritas File System
7 6 (1.17%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 5 (0.98%) KVM
8 5 (0.98%) RACF
8 5 (0.98%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 5 (0.98%) vSphere
9 4 (0.78%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.78%) Xen
10 3 (0.59%) Firmware
10 3 (0.59%) iptables
10 3 (0.59%) Squid
10 3 (0.59%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 134 (26.17%) Ansible
2 83 (16.21%) Kubernetes
3 67 (13.09%) Terraform
4 55 (10.74%) Puppet
5 28 (5.47%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (3.91%) Kibana
7 19 (3.71%) logstash
8 18 (3.52%) Grafana
9 15 (2.93%) Tivoli
10 13 (2.54%) Packer
10 13 (2.54%) Red Hat Satellite
11 12 (2.34%) Prometheus
11 12 (2.34%) Rancher
12 11 (2.15%) BladeLogic
12 11 (2.15%) Consul
12 11 (2.15%) Fluentd
12 11 (2.15%) Istio
13 9 (1.76%) Control-M
13 9 (1.76%) Nessus
13 9 (1.76%) Netcool
Vendors
1 171 (33.40%) Oracle
2 97 (18.95%) Red Hat
3 75 (14.65%) VMware
4 42 (8.20%) Sybase
5 39 (7.62%) HP
6 34 (6.64%) Splunk
7 32 (6.25%) Informatica
8 31 (6.05%) IBM
9 30 (5.86%) BEA
9 30 (5.86%) Microsoft
9 30 (5.86%) webMethods
10 27 (5.27%) Pega
10 27 (5.27%) SAP
11 24 (4.69%) Talend
12 22 (4.30%) Google
13 20 (3.91%) BMC
14 17 (3.32%) AppDynamics
15 16 (3.13%) Dell
16 15 (2.93%) Micro Focus
17 13 (2.54%) TIBCO