Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 287 284 213
Rank change year-on-year -3 -71 -50
Contract jobs citing Perl 345 874 1,347
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.84% 0.93% 1.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.02% 2.18% 2.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 214 522 846
Median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £323 £339 £336
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £471 £450
% change year-on-year +3.45% +4.72% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 27 23
Median hourly rate £36.00 £44.92 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.85% +12.29% -3.61%
10th Percentile £31.50 £18.35 £20.25
90th Percentile £59.20 £56.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.55 £38.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +14.61% -5.00% -

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,091 40,071 45,373
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.42% 42.68% 43.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,443 27,772 31,631
Median daily rate £500 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +5.14%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £409
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.04% +2.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 384 732 800
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +4.88% -
10th Percentile £17.97 £19.89 £16.24
90th Percentile £55.70 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -19.54% +8.75% -3.61%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 299 £475 -5.00% 78
UK excluding London +60 189 £488 +3.45% 61
London -19 149 £475 -9.70% 20
South East +115 67 £475 -5.00% 21
North of England +77 40 £500 +24.22% 8
Scotland +62 34 £500 +14.29% 1
North West +73 25 £545 -0.91% 4
South West +71 21 £650 +23.81% 5
East of England +38 15 £425 +13.33% 15
North East +11 8 £460 +52.07% 1
Yorkshire +54 7 £450 -7.22% 3
Northern Ireland +25 7 £390 -8.24%
Work from Home -4 5 £400 -1.84% 7
West Midlands +36 4 £450 -5.66% 6
Midlands +27 4 £450 -5.46% 9
Wales +25 1 £475 +18.75% 2

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 201 (58.26%) Python
2 197 (57.10%) Linux
3 147 (42.61%) Java
4 118 (34.20%) SQL
5 116 (33.62%) Unix
6 108 (31.30%) DevOps
7 106 (30.72%) Shell Script
8 103 (29.86%) Oracle
9 102 (29.57%) Agile Software Development
10 89 (25.80%) Bash Shell
11 84 (24.35%) Ansible
12 81 (23.48%) AWS
13 79 (22.90%) Windows
13 79 (22.90%) Red Hat
14 77 (22.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 76 (22.03%) Security Cleared
16 73 (21.16%) Jenkins
17 70 (20.29%) Docker
18 66 (19.13%) Problem-Solving
19 63 (18.26%) Git (software)
20 61 (17.68%) Web Services
20 61 (17.68%) Puppet
21 60 (17.39%) Finance
22 58 (16.81%) VMware
23 56 (16.23%) JavaScript
24 55 (15.94%) IBM
25 54 (15.65%) Configuration Management
25 54 (15.65%) SC Cleared
26 51 (14.78%) Test Automation
26 51 (14.78%) SOAP

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (10.14%) WebLogic
2 29 (8.41%) Confluence
3 20 (5.80%) Apache
4 15 (4.35%) SAS
5 12 (3.48%) Tomcat
6 10 (2.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 7 (2.03%) OpenStack
8 5 (1.45%) JBoss
8 5 (1.45%) Oracle Service Bus
8 5 (1.45%) WebSphere
9 4 (1.16%) Apache Pig
9 4 (1.16%) Apache Spark
9 4 (1.16%) MQSeries
10 3 (0.87%) CMS
10 3 (0.87%) Drupal
10 3 (0.87%) nginx
10 3 (0.87%) WebSphere Application Server
11 2 (0.58%) IIS
11 2 (0.58%) Jetty
11 2 (0.58%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 8 (2.32%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (2.03%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.29%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 18 (5.22%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.87%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.87%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.58%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.58%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.58%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.58%) Siebel CRM
3 2 (0.58%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 81 (23.48%) AWS
2 35 (10.14%) Azure
3 19 (5.51%) IaaS
4 14 (4.06%) AWS CloudFormation
4 14 (4.06%) GCP
4 14 (4.06%) Power Platform
5 11 (3.19%) GitHub
5 11 (3.19%) PaaS
5 11 (3.19%) SaaS
6 10 (2.90%) Amazon S3
7 9 (2.61%) Amazon EC2
7 9 (2.61%) Serverless
8 6 (1.74%) OpenShift
9 5 (1.45%) Amazon ELB
9 5 (1.45%) Azure Active Directory
9 5 (1.45%) Azure Functions
9 5 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
9 5 (1.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 4 (1.16%) AWS Lambda
10 4 (1.16%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 30 (8.70%) DNS
2 28 (8.12%) TCP/IP
3 21 (6.09%) SNMP
4 19 (5.51%) HTTP
5 11 (3.19%) Fibre Channel
6 9 (2.61%) iSCSI
7 8 (2.32%) DHCP
8 7 (2.03%) Firewall
8 7 (2.03%) SAN
9 6 (1.74%) SMTP
9 6 (1.74%) SSL
9 6 (1.74%) WAN
10 5 (1.45%) Internet
10 5 (1.45%) Junos
10 5 (1.45%) VPN
10 5 (1.45%) Wireshark
11 4 (1.16%) FTP
11 4 (1.16%) LAN
11 4 (1.16%) SSH
11 4 (1.16%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (14.20%) SQL Server
2 37 (10.72%) MySQL
3 31 (8.99%) MongoDB
3 31 (8.99%) Oracle Database
4 25 (7.25%) Relational Database
5 24 (6.96%) Oracle Database 11g
6 23 (6.67%) PostgreSQL
7 21 (6.09%) Data Warehouse
8 19 (5.51%) Oracle Database 12c
9 17 (4.93%) NoSQL
10 16 (4.64%) Hadoop
11 15 (4.35%) DB2
12 14 (4.06%) Apache Accumulo
12 14 (4.06%) Power BI
13 13 (3.77%) Pentaho
13 13 (3.77%) RDBMS
14 12 (3.48%) Base SAS
14 12 (3.48%) SAS Data Integration Studio
15 9 (2.61%) BusinessObjects XI
15 9 (2.61%) SAS EBI
Development Applications
1 73 (21.16%) Jenkins
2 63 (18.26%) Git (software)
3 44 (12.75%) JIRA
4 27 (7.83%) Subversion
5 24 (6.96%) Ant
5 24 (6.96%) Bitbucket
6 20 (5.80%) Selenium
7 19 (5.51%) GitLab
8 14 (4.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 13 (3.77%) CA Gen
10 12 (3.48%) CircleCI
10 12 (3.48%) ClearCase
10 12 (3.48%) Travis CI
11 11 (3.19%) Eclipse
11 11 (3.19%) SonarQube
12 10 (2.90%) Cucumber
13 9 (2.61%) Hudson
13 9 (2.61%) Maven
13 9 (2.61%) SoapUI
14 8 (2.32%) JUnit
General
1 60 (17.39%) Finance
2 34 (9.86%) Banking
3 21 (6.09%) Public Sector
4 17 (4.93%) Aerospace
4 17 (4.93%) Telecoms
5 14 (4.06%) Front Office
6 13 (3.77%) Investment Banking
7 4 (1.16%) Law
8 3 (0.87%) Legal
8 3 (0.87%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.58%) Back Office
9 2 (0.58%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.29%) Advertising
10 1 (0.29%) Games
10 1 (0.29%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 54 (15.65%) Developer
2 42 (12.17%) DevOps Engineer
3 41 (11.88%) Administrator
4 32 (9.28%) Architect
5 27 (7.83%) Systems Administrator
6 24 (6.96%) Solutions Architect
7 22 (6.38%) Analyst
7 22 (6.38%) Designer
8 21 (6.09%) Consultant
8 21 (6.09%) Linux Administrator
9 19 (5.51%) DBA
9 19 (5.51%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 18 (5.22%) Linux Engineer
11 17 (4.93%) Oracle DBA
12 16 (4.64%) Java Developer
12 16 (4.64%) Solutions Designer
13 15 (4.35%) Systems Administration Leader
14 13 (3.77%) Senior DevOps
14 13 (3.77%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 12 (3.48%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (17.68%) Web Services
2 51 (14.78%) SOAP
3 29 (8.41%) XML
4 27 (7.83%) REST
5 24 (6.96%) HTML
6 19 (5.51%) Kafka
7 17 (4.93%) J2EE
7 17 (4.93%) JSON
7 17 (4.93%) LDAP
8 16 (4.64%) AngularJS
8 16 (4.64%) Apache NiFi
9 15 (4.35%) Middleware
9 15 (4.35%) Spring
10 13 (3.77%) Elastic Stack
10 13 (3.77%) Node.js
11 12 (3.48%) .NET
11 12 (3.48%) RESTful
12 11 (3.19%) Servlets
13 10 (2.90%) CSS
13 10 (2.90%) SailPoint
Miscellaneous
1 40 (11.59%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (5.22%) Linux Command Line
3 16 (4.64%) PKI
4 11 (3.19%) Clustering
4 11 (3.19%) Data Centre
4 11 (3.19%) Self-Motivation
5 10 (2.90%) Mainframe
6 7 (2.03%) Hybrid Cloud
6 7 (2.03%) Management Information System
6 7 (2.03%) Public Cloud
6 7 (2.03%) User Experience
7 6 (1.74%) Cloud Native
7 6 (1.74%) Derivative
7 6 (1.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 5 (1.45%) Equities
8 5 (1.45%) Hedge funds
9 4 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (1.16%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (1.16%) Private Cloud
9 4 (1.16%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 197 (57.10%) Linux
2 116 (33.62%) Unix
3 79 (22.90%) Windows
4 77 (22.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 30 (8.70%) CentOS
6 19 (5.51%) Windows Server
7 18 (5.22%) Solaris
8 12 (3.48%) Ubuntu
9 8 (2.32%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (2.03%) Debian
10 7 (2.03%) HPUX
11 6 (1.74%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (1.45%) SUSE
12 5 (1.45%) Windows Server 2019
13 4 (1.16%) Android
13 4 (1.16%) Apple iOS
14 3 (0.87%) AIX
14 3 (0.87%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.87%) Oracle Linux
14 3 (0.87%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 108 (31.30%) DevOps
2 102 (29.57%) Agile Software Development
3 66 (19.13%) Problem-Solving
4 54 (15.65%) Configuration Management
5 51 (14.78%) Test Automation
6 48 (13.91%) ITIL
7 43 (12.46%) Scrum
8 35 (10.14%) Migration
8 35 (10.14%) Open Source
9 29 (8.41%) Microservices
10 28 (8.12%) Continuous Integration
11 27 (7.83%) Analytics
12 26 (7.54%) ETL
12 26 (7.54%) Infrastructure as Code
13 24 (6.96%) Process Improvement
14 21 (6.09%) Data Modelling
14 21 (6.09%) Software Engineering
14 21 (6.09%) Technical Leadership
15 20 (5.80%) Business Intelligence
15 20 (5.80%) Incident Management
Programming Languages
1 201 (58.26%) Python
2 147 (42.61%) Java
3 118 (34.20%) SQL
4 106 (30.72%) Shell Script
5 89 (25.80%) Bash Shell
6 56 (16.23%) JavaScript
7 47 (13.62%) PHP
7 47 (13.62%) Ruby
8 46 (13.33%) PL/SQL
9 45 (13.04%) PowerShell
10 40 (11.59%) C
11 32 (9.28%) Korn
12 25 (7.25%) C#
13 20 (5.80%) T-SQL
14 17 (4.93%) C++
15 14 (4.06%) C-shell
16 12 (3.48%) SAS Macro
17 11 (3.19%) Bourne shell
17 11 (3.19%) Go
18 10 (2.90%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 76 (22.03%) Security Cleared
2 54 (15.65%) SC Cleared
3 22 (6.38%) DV Cleared
4 18 (5.22%) Degree
5 8 (2.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (2.32%) OCP
5 8 (2.32%) Oracle Certification
6 6 (1.74%) CISSP
7 4 (1.16%) AWS Certification
7 4 (1.16%) Cisco Certification
7 4 (1.16%) CISM
7 4 (1.16%) GIAC
7 4 (1.16%) RHCE
8 3 (0.87%) CCNA
8 3 (0.87%) CCNP
9 2 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.58%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.58%) OSCP
9 2 (0.58%) RHCSA
10 1 (0.29%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (6.09%) QA
2 13 (3.77%) SLA
3 1 (0.29%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.29%) GDPR
3 1 (0.29%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.29%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 70 (20.29%) Docker
2 36 (10.43%) Active Directory
3 29 (8.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (4.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 12 (3.48%) Oracle RAC
6 11 (3.19%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (3.19%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (2.61%) RACF
8 8 (2.32%) vSphere
9 6 (1.74%) Squid
10 5 (1.45%) Samba
11 4 (1.16%) vCloud
11 4 (1.16%) VMware NSX
12 3 (0.87%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.87%) KVM
12 3 (0.87%) NFS
12 3 (0.87%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 2 (0.58%) Terminal Server
13 2 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.29%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 84 (24.35%) Ansible
2 61 (17.68%) Puppet
3 50 (14.49%) Kubernetes
4 40 (11.59%) Opscode Chef
5 35 (10.14%) Terraform
6 24 (6.96%) Salt
7 23 (6.67%) Netcool
7 23 (6.67%) Netcool/OMNIbus
8 16 (4.64%) Amdocs OSS
9 14 (4.06%) Data Guard
9 14 (4.06%) Docker Swarm
10 13 (3.77%) Kibana
11 12 (3.48%) Nagios
12 10 (2.90%) logstash
13 9 (2.61%) vCenter Server
14 8 (2.32%) Cacti
14 8 (2.32%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
14 8 (2.32%) Red Hat Satellite
15 7 (2.03%) Rancher
16 6 (1.74%) Opsview
Vendors
1 103 (29.86%) Oracle
2 79 (22.90%) Red Hat
3 58 (16.81%) VMware
4 55 (15.94%) IBM
5 38 (11.01%) Microsoft
6 32 (9.28%) Sybase
7 23 (6.67%) ServiceNow
8 21 (6.09%) BMC
9 20 (5.80%) Siebel
10 18 (5.22%) Remedy
10 18 (5.22%) Splunk
10 18 (5.22%) xMatters
11 16 (4.64%) Cramer
11 16 (4.64%) Informatica
12 15 (4.35%) BEA
12 15 (4.35%) Cisco
13 14 (4.06%) Pega
13 14 (4.06%) webMethods
14 12 (3.48%) SaltStack
15 11 (3.19%) Google