Period
to 25 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 25 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
25 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 277 203 154
Rank change year-on-year -74 -49 -31
Contract jobs citing Perl 896 1,354 1,540
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.98% 1.33% 1.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.28% 3.10% 4.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 506 839 959
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +8.57%
10th Percentile £325 £344 £332
90th Percentile £644 £646 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 28 44
UK median hourly rate £44.92 £40.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.29% -8.57% +13.64%
10th Percentile £16.90 £20.25 £32.75
90th Percentile £56.50 £52.50 £50.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.00 £40.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% -4.76% +7.01%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,292 43,711 37,497
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.88% 43.06% 41.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,220 30,568 25,724
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +7.56% +3.61%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £405 £388
% change year-on-year +4.94% +4.52% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 681 793 810
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% -3.61% +7.79%
10th Percentile £18.00 £16.89 £16.50
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £56.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year +8.75% -3.03% +7.14%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 25 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 25 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -72 843 £500 +2.56% 77
London -73 452 £525 +5.00% 26
UK excluding London -50 433 £475 +5.56% 58
South East -14 116 £500 +17.65% 8
North of England -17 109 £400 -5.33% 12
Midlands +17 88 £488 -7.14% 9
West Midlands +6 68 £525 - 7
Yorkshire +8 46 £468 +3.89% 1
North East -5 41 £305 -16.44% 1
East of England -48 41 £383 -15.00% 11
Scotland +19 36 £425 +6.25% 6
South West -27 33 £525 +5.00% 11
North West -13 22 £450 -2.70% 10
East Midlands +27 20 £425 -5.56% 2
Northern Ireland +13 6 £425 +21.43% 1
Wales -11 5 £413 -13.16%

For the 6 months to 25 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 679 (75.78%) Python
2 506 (56.47%) Linux
3 348 (38.84%) Java
3 348 (38.84%) DevOps
4 315 (35.16%) Unix
5 279 (31.14%) Agile Software Development
6 264 (29.46%) Ansible
7 263 (29.35%) Jenkins
7 263 (29.35%) SQL
8 250 (27.90%) Bash Shell
9 247 (27.57%) Puppet
10 244 (27.23%) Windows
11 241 (26.90%) Amazon AWS
12 236 (26.34%) Git (software)
13 223 (24.89%) Ruby
14 210 (23.44%) Configuration Management
15 198 (22.10%) Docker
16 174 (19.42%) Oracle
17 156 (17.41%) Continuous Integration
18 153 (17.08%) Test Automation
19 147 (16.41%) Microsoft Azure
20 143 (15.96%) JavaScript
20 143 (15.96%) Finance
21 134 (14.96%) Shell Script
22 132 (14.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
23 127 (14.17%) Problem-Solving
24 121 (13.50%) Opscode Chef
25 118 (13.17%) Red Hat
25 118 (13.17%) Kubernetes
26 117 (13.06%) JIRA

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (8.93%) Apache
2 61 (6.81%) Tomcat
3 50 (5.58%) nginx
3 50 (5.58%) WebLogic
4 37 (4.13%) Confluence
5 35 (3.91%) JBoss
6 31 (3.46%) Elasticsearch
7 23 (2.57%) Apache Spark
8 22 (2.46%) OpenStack
9 18 (2.01%) IIS
10 12 (1.34%) MS Exchange
10 12 (1.34%) WebSphere
11 11 (1.23%) Cloud Foundry
12 10 (1.12%) SharePoint
13 9 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 7 (0.78%) Exchange Server 2010
14 7 (0.78%) Exchange Server 2013
14 7 (0.78%) lighttpd
14 7 (0.78%) Oracle HTTP Server
14 7 (0.78%) SAS
Applications
1 12 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.78%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.33%) CATIA
4 3 (0.33%) Siemens NX
5 2 (0.22%) SPSS
5 2 (0.22%) Stata
6 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 4 (0.45%) Loan IQ
1 4 (0.45%) Magento
2 3 (0.33%) Teamcenter
3 1 (0.11%) assyst
3 1 (0.11%) Global One
3 1 (0.11%) Oracle BRM
3 1 (0.11%) StreamServe
3 1 (0.11%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 241 (26.90%) Amazon AWS
2 147 (16.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 78 (8.71%) GitHub
4 40 (4.46%) Cloud Computing
5 33 (3.68%) Google Cloud Platform
6 29 (3.24%) Office 365
7 28 (3.13%) AWS CloudFormation
8 24 (2.68%) Google Analytics
9 22 (2.46%) Amazon EC2
10 20 (2.23%) OpenShift
10 20 (2.23%) Serverless
11 17 (1.90%) Amazon S3
12 16 (1.79%) IaaS
13 15 (1.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 14 (1.56%) Power Platform
15 11 (1.23%) Amazon Kinesis
16 10 (1.12%) Azure Active Directory
16 10 (1.12%) Datadog
17 9 (1.00%) AWS Lambda
17 9 (1.00%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 88 (9.82%) Firewall
2 83 (9.26%) HTTP
3 77 (8.59%) TCP/IP
4 54 (6.03%) DNS
5 46 (5.13%) SSL
6 36 (4.02%) Internet
7 29 (3.24%) BGP
7 29 (3.24%) MPLS
7 29 (3.24%) WAN
8 26 (2.90%) DHCP
8 26 (2.90%) LAN
9 23 (2.57%) SAN
10 22 (2.46%) OSPF
11 20 (2.23%) Cisco ASA
12 17 (1.90%) VPN
13 16 (1.79%) SMTP
13 16 (1.79%) VLAN
14 14 (1.56%) FTP
14 14 (1.56%) NAS
14 14 (1.56%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 96 (10.71%) MySQL
2 80 (8.93%) Relational Database
3 76 (8.48%) MongoDB
4 66 (7.37%) PostgreSQL
5 59 (6.58%) NoSQL
6 55 (6.14%) SQL Server
7 49 (5.47%) RDBMS
8 38 (4.24%) Oracle Database
9 32 (3.57%) Hadoop
10 31 (3.46%) Data Warehouse
11 29 (3.24%) Big Data
12 24 (2.68%) DB2
13 19 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
14 17 (1.90%) Amazon Redshift
15 14 (1.56%) Oracle Database 12c
15 14 (1.56%) Power BI
16 12 (1.34%) Amazon Athena
16 12 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
16 12 (1.34%) MariaDB
17 11 (1.23%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 263 (29.35%) Jenkins
2 236 (26.34%) Git (software)
3 117 (13.06%) JIRA
4 97 (10.83%) Maven
5 52 (5.80%) Subversion
6 50 (5.58%) Selenium
7 47 (5.25%) Ant
8 45 (5.02%) JUnit
8 45 (5.02%) Sonatype Nexus
9 35 (3.91%) Cucumber
10 32 (3.57%) Octopus Deploy
11 31 (3.46%) SonarQube
12 30 (3.35%) Eclipse
12 30 (3.35%) TeamCity
13 29 (3.24%) IntelliJ
14 27 (3.01%) GoCD
15 25 (2.79%) gulp
16 24 (2.68%) Artifactory
16 24 (2.68%) Gatling
16 24 (2.68%) Sublime Text
General
1 143 (15.96%) Finance
2 95 (10.60%) Banking
3 44 (4.91%) Telecoms
4 22 (2.46%) Front Office
5 20 (2.23%) Investment Banking
6 14 (1.56%) Publishing
7 12 (1.34%) Marketing
8 11 (1.23%) Electronics
8 11 (1.23%) Financial Institution
9 7 (0.78%) German Language
9 7 (0.78%) Retail
10 6 (0.67%) Manufacturing
11 4 (0.45%) Social Science
12 3 (0.33%) French Language
12 3 (0.33%) Greek Language
12 3 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.22%) Automotive
13 2 (0.22%) Billing
13 2 (0.22%) Games
13 2 (0.22%) Law
Job Titles
1 213 (23.77%) Developer
2 175 (19.53%) DevOps Engineer
3 65 (7.25%) Administrator
4 59 (6.58%) AWS Engineer
5 49 (5.47%) AWS DevOps
6 45 (5.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 43 (4.80%) Java Developer
8 41 (4.58%) Analyst
9 39 (4.35%) Linux Engineer
10 38 (4.24%) Network Engineer
11 35 (3.91%) Systems Administrator
12 34 (3.79%) Consultant
13 27 (3.01%) DBA
14 23 (2.57%) Architect
15 22 (2.46%) Linux Administrator
15 22 (2.46%) Security Engineer
16 21 (2.34%) Senior Developer
17 20 (2.23%) SQL Developer
17 20 (2.23%) Test Engineer
18 19 (2.12%) Perl Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 88 (9.82%) HTML
2 69 (7.70%) XML
3 64 (7.14%) CSS
4 62 (6.92%) Node.js
5 59 (6.58%) Web Services
6 57 (6.36%) SOAP
6 57 (6.36%) Spring
7 55 (6.14%) J2EE
8 54 (6.03%) REST
9 51 (5.69%) JSON
10 47 (5.25%) Elastic Stack
11 46 (5.13%) .NET
11 46 (5.13%) AngularJS
11 46 (5.13%) HTML5
12 43 (4.80%) RESTful
13 41 (4.58%) Middleware
14 38 (4.24%) LDAP
15 37 (4.13%) jQuery
16 33 (3.68%) Servlets
17 28 (3.13%) J2SE
Miscellaneous
1 73 (8.15%) Analytical Skills
2 41 (4.58%) Management Information System
3 38 (4.24%) Linux Command Line
3 38 (4.24%) Public Cloud
4 30 (3.35%) Clustering
5 26 (2.90%) Data Centre
5 26 (2.90%) Self-Motivation
6 21 (2.34%) User Experience
7 20 (2.23%) Equities
7 20 (2.23%) Replication
8 19 (2.12%) Hybrid Cloud
8 19 (2.12%) Robotics
9 18 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
10 17 (1.90%) Private Cloud
11 16 (1.79%) Blog
11 16 (1.79%) Mobile App
12 15 (1.67%) SWIFT
13 13 (1.45%) Data Structures
13 13 (1.45%) HACMP
14 12 (1.34%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 506 (56.47%) Linux
2 315 (35.16%) Unix
3 244 (27.23%) Windows
4 132 (14.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 59 (6.58%) Solaris
6 55 (6.14%) Windows Server
7 35 (3.91%) Ubuntu
8 25 (2.79%) CentOS
9 16 (1.79%) AIX
9 16 (1.79%) Apple iOS
10 13 (1.45%) Android
11 12 (1.34%) Windows Server 2008
12 11 (1.23%) Windows Server 2012
13 7 (0.78%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 7 (0.78%) Windows 10
13 7 (0.78%) Windows 7
14 6 (0.67%) HPUX
15 5 (0.56%) Debian
16 4 (0.45%) Oracle Linux
17 3 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 348 (38.84%) DevOps
2 279 (31.14%) Agile Software Development
3 210 (23.44%) Configuration Management
4 156 (17.41%) Continuous Integration
5 153 (17.08%) Test Automation
6 127 (14.17%) Problem-Solving
7 99 (11.05%) Scrum
8 98 (10.94%) Open Source
9 88 (9.82%) ITIL
10 86 (9.60%) Deployment Automation
11 80 (8.93%) Task Automation
12 79 (8.82%) Analytics
13 75 (8.37%) TDD
14 72 (8.04%) Microservices
14 72 (8.04%) Migration
15 64 (7.14%) Infrastructure as Code
16 60 (6.70%) Software Engineering
17 58 (6.47%) Continuous Delivery
18 54 (6.03%) Kanban
18 54 (6.03%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 679 (75.78%) Python
2 348 (38.84%) Java
3 263 (29.35%) SQL
4 250 (27.90%) Bash Shell
5 223 (24.89%) Ruby
6 143 (15.96%) JavaScript
7 134 (14.96%) Shell Script
8 111 (12.39%) PowerShell
9 86 (9.60%) PHP
10 78 (8.71%) C++
11 77 (8.59%) C
12 64 (7.14%) C#
13 55 (6.14%) PL/SQL
14 47 (5.25%) Groovy
14 47 (5.25%) Scala
15 46 (5.13%) Korn
16 33 (3.68%) Go
17 23 (2.57%) Haskell
18 20 (2.23%) AWK
19 13 (1.45%) R
Qualifications
1 103 (11.50%) Degree
2 66 (7.37%) Security Cleared
3 42 (4.69%) SC Cleared
4 29 (3.24%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (3.01%) ITIL Certification
6 19 (2.12%) Cisco Certification
6 19 (2.12%) Master's Degree
7 18 (2.01%) CISSP
8 16 (1.79%) CCNP
9 13 (1.45%) BPSS Clearance
10 11 (1.23%) AWS Certification
11 10 (1.12%) CCNA
12 9 (1.00%) CISM
12 9 (1.00%) CREST Certified
13 8 (0.89%) SANS
14 7 (0.78%) DV Cleared
14 7 (0.78%) OCA
14 7 (0.78%) OCP
14 7 (0.78%) Oracle Certification
14 7 (0.78%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (4.13%) QA
2 16 (1.79%) GDPR
3 11 (1.23%) SLA
4 7 (0.78%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 4 (0.45%) COBIT
5 4 (0.45%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.33%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.22%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.22%) MiFID
8 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.11%) IFRS
8 1 (0.11%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.11%) NIST 800
System Software
1 198 (22.10%) Docker
2 62 (6.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 61 (6.81%) Active Directory
4 23 (2.57%) KVM
5 15 (1.67%) Hyper-V
6 14 (1.56%) Oracle RAC
7 10 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (0.78%) Apache Flume
8 7 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 6 (0.67%) Firmware
9 6 (0.67%) RACF
9 6 (0.67%) Shibboleth
10 5 (0.56%) NFS
11 4 (0.45%) HDFS
11 4 (0.45%) Samba
11 4 (0.45%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 4 (0.45%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 4 (0.45%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.45%) Xen
Systems Management
1 264 (29.46%) Ansible
2 247 (27.57%) Puppet
3 121 (13.50%) Opscode Chef
4 118 (13.17%) Kubernetes
5 116 (12.95%) Terraform
6 47 (5.25%) Kibana
7 46 (5.13%) Nagios
8 40 (4.46%) Grafana
9 34 (3.79%) ZABBIX
10 23 (2.57%) Docker Swarm
11 22 (2.46%) Salt
12 20 (2.23%) Rundeck
13 15 (1.67%) Single Sign-On
14 14 (1.56%) SCCM
15 12 (1.34%) Graphite
15 12 (1.34%) HP SIM
16 11 (1.23%) Mesos
17 10 (1.12%) Microsoft Clustering
17 10 (1.12%) Nessus
18 9 (1.00%) Control-M
Vendors
1 174 (19.42%) Oracle
2 118 (13.17%) Red Hat
3 97 (10.83%) Microsoft
4 86 (9.60%) VMware
5 49 (5.47%) Google
6 46 (5.13%) Atlassian
7 42 (4.69%) webMethods
8 41 (4.58%) Splunk
9 39 (4.35%) Cisco
10 38 (4.24%) HP
11 31 (3.46%) IBM
11 31 (3.46%) Informatica
12 30 (3.35%) Sybase
13 29 (3.24%) EMC
14 25 (2.79%) SaltStack
15 24 (2.68%) ServiceNow
16 22 (2.46%) 3PAR
16 22 (2.46%) Adobe
16 22 (2.46%) BEA
17 21 (2.34%) Veritas