Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 307 250 207
Rank change year-on-year -57 -43 -49
Contract jobs citing Perl 466 1,043 1,344
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.76% 1.08% 1.32%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.89% 2.49% 3.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 280 624 890
Median daily rate £484 £500 £498
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.25% +0.50% +10.56%
10th Percentile £331 £314 £338
90th Percentile £638 £638 £662
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 23 32
Median hourly rate £39.75 £43.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.56% +7.50% -9.09%
10th Percentile £25.00 £15.45 £36.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £57.00 £47.28
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.60 £38.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.84% -5.00% -6.43%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 24,717 41,810 43,602
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.53% 43.13% 42.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,692 29,180 30,550
Median daily rate £481 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.36% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +5.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 566 699 786
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £17.50 £16.40
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £51.25
Median hourly rate £39.64 £42.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year -7.29% +6.88% -

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 8 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -54 413 £488 -2.50% 137
UK excluding London -10 285 £475 +5.56% 85
London -75 174 £500 -9.09% 61
South East +93 111 £475 +5.56% 29
North of England +11 71 £500 +23.46% 16
Scotland -7 39 £475 +9.20% 7
North West +35 33 £550 +54.39% 11
East of England +5 26 £500 +33.33% 16
Yorkshire +27 19 £500 +11.11% 3
North East -3 19 £365 +14.06% 2
Midlands -15 15 £415 -16.92% 7
South West +21 14 £525 -4.55% 8
West Midlands -6 12 £395 -24.76% 3
Work from Home +6 7 £400 -3.03% 7
Northern Ireland +12 5 £390 -8.24%
Wales +28 4 £525 +90.91% 2
East Midlands +19 3 £415 - 4

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 296 (63.52%) Python
2 243 (52.15%) Linux
3 175 (37.55%) Java
4 139 (29.83%) Agile Software Development
5 137 (29.40%) Unix
6 132 (28.33%) Shell Script
7 129 (27.68%) DevOps
8 128 (27.47%) SQL
9 126 (27.04%) Bash Shell
10 121 (25.97%) Ansible
11 116 (24.89%) Oracle
12 113 (24.25%) AWS
13 112 (24.03%) Puppet
14 94 (20.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 90 (19.31%) Docker
16 89 (19.10%) Windows
17 84 (18.03%) Git (software)
17 84 (18.03%) Jenkins
18 81 (17.38%) Problem-Solving
18 81 (17.38%) Red Hat
19 80 (17.17%) Security Cleared
19 80 (17.17%) Kubernetes
20 78 (16.74%) Ruby
20 78 (16.74%) Configuration Management
21 77 (16.52%) Opscode Chef
22 75 (16.09%) Web Services
23 74 (15.88%) JavaScript
24 68 (14.59%) PowerShell
25 67 (14.38%) ITIL
26 66 (14.16%) SC Cleared

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (6.87%) WebLogic
2 22 (4.72%) OpenStack
3 21 (4.51%) Apache
4 19 (4.08%) Tomcat
5 17 (3.65%) Confluence
6 15 (3.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 15 (3.22%) SAS
7 12 (2.58%) Apache Spark
8 11 (2.36%) Oracle Service Bus
9 10 (2.15%) nginx
10 5 (1.07%) IIS
11 4 (0.86%) CMS
11 4 (0.86%) Drupal
11 4 (0.86%) JBoss
12 3 (0.64%) Apache Pig
13 2 (0.43%) Apache Solr
13 2 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
13 2 (0.43%) Elasticsearch
13 2 (0.43%) NetWeaver
13 2 (0.43%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (1.50%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.21%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 36 (7.73%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.64%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 113 (24.25%) AWS
2 57 (12.23%) Azure
3 29 (6.22%) GCP
4 25 (5.36%) AWS CloudFormation
5 19 (4.08%) GitHub
6 15 (3.22%) Amazon EC2
6 15 (3.22%) Amazon S3
7 14 (3.00%) OpenShift
7 14 (3.00%) Serverless
8 13 (2.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 12 (2.58%) Datadog
10 11 (2.36%) AWS Lambda
10 11 (2.36%) Power Platform
11 10 (2.15%) SaaS
12 9 (1.93%) PaaS
13 8 (1.72%) Amazon ELB
13 8 (1.72%) Amazon Kinesis
13 8 (1.72%) Cloud Computing
14 7 (1.50%) Google Analytics
14 7 (1.50%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 63 (13.52%) TCP/IP
2 45 (9.66%) SNMP
3 35 (7.51%) DNS
4 31 (6.65%) Junos
5 29 (6.22%) HTTP
6 26 (5.58%) Wireshark
7 24 (5.15%) VPN
8 23 (4.94%) Cisco IOS
8 23 (4.94%) Cisco Nexus
9 22 (4.72%) LAN
9 22 (4.72%) MPLS
10 20 (4.29%) BGP
10 20 (4.29%) OSPF
11 19 (4.08%) NX-OS
12 18 (3.86%) Wireless
13 16 (3.43%) EIGRP
13 16 (3.43%) Ethernet
13 16 (3.43%) WLAN
14 15 (3.22%) DWDM
14 15 (3.22%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (10.09%) MySQL
2 46 (9.87%) SQL Server
3 36 (7.73%) MongoDB
4 31 (6.65%) Oracle Database
5 27 (5.79%) Oracle Database 11g
6 23 (4.94%) NoSQL
6 23 (4.94%) PostgreSQL
7 22 (4.72%) Data Warehouse
8 19 (4.08%) Oracle Database 12c
9 17 (3.65%) Hadoop
9 17 (3.65%) Relational Database
10 16 (3.43%) Big Data
11 12 (2.58%) Pentaho
12 11 (2.36%) Amazon RDS
12 11 (2.36%) Amazon Redshift
12 11 (2.36%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (2.36%) Base SAS
12 11 (2.36%) Power BI
12 11 (2.36%) SAS Data Integration Studio
13 10 (2.15%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 84 (18.03%) Git (software)
1 84 (18.03%) Jenkins
2 43 (9.23%) JIRA
3 28 (6.01%) Sonatype Nexus
4 21 (4.51%) GitLab
5 20 (4.29%) Selenium
6 17 (3.65%) CA Gen
6 17 (3.65%) Subversion
7 16 (3.43%) Ant
7 16 (3.43%) CircleCI
7 16 (3.43%) Cucumber
7 16 (3.43%) Travis CI
8 15 (3.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 15 (3.22%) SonarQube
9 11 (2.36%) Bitbucket
9 11 (2.36%) ProC
9 11 (2.36%) PVCS
10 10 (2.15%) TeamCity
11 9 (1.93%) gulp
12 8 (1.72%) Eclipse
General
1 59 (12.66%) Finance
2 48 (10.30%) Banking
3 31 (6.65%) Public Sector
4 27 (5.79%) Front Office
4 27 (5.79%) Investment Banking
5 21 (4.51%) Telecoms
6 5 (1.07%) Aerospace
6 5 (1.07%) Law
7 3 (0.64%) Marketing
7 3 (0.64%) Retail
8 2 (0.43%) Games
9 1 (0.21%) Automotive
9 1 (0.21%) Back Office
9 1 (0.21%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.21%) Legal
9 1 (0.21%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.21%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 93 (19.96%) Developer
2 70 (15.02%) DevOps Engineer
3 48 (10.30%) Architect
4 42 (9.01%) Designer
5 36 (7.73%) Solutions Designer
6 33 (7.08%) Network Engineer
6 33 (7.08%) Solutions Architect
7 28 (6.01%) Administrator
8 26 (5.58%) Consultant
9 23 (4.94%) Oracle Developer
10 22 (4.72%) Analyst
11 19 (4.08%) Senior DevOps
12 18 (3.86%) Linux Engineer
12 18 (3.86%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 17 (3.65%) AWS Engineer
13 17 (3.65%) Systems Administrator
14 16 (3.43%) DBA
14 16 (3.43%) Support Engineer
15 15 (3.22%) Cisco Engineer
15 15 (3.22%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (16.09%) Web Services
2 60 (12.88%) REST
3 59 (12.66%) SOAP
4 33 (7.08%) XML
5 26 (5.58%) JSON
6 24 (5.15%) J2EE
6 24 (5.15%) RESTful
7 21 (4.51%) HTML
8 19 (4.08%) LDAP
9 18 (3.86%) AngularJS
9 18 (3.86%) CSS
10 17 (3.65%) Spring
11 16 (3.43%) Node.js
12 15 (3.22%) 802.1X
12 15 (3.22%) Kafka
13 14 (3.00%) Elastic Stack
13 14 (3.00%) Middleware
14 13 (2.79%) Servlets
15 12 (2.58%) LAMP
16 11 (2.36%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 65 (13.95%) Analytical Skills
2 25 (5.36%) Linux Command Line
2 25 (5.36%) Public Cloud
3 22 (4.72%) Data Centre
4 13 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
5 12 (2.58%) Private Cloud
5 12 (2.58%) User Experience
6 9 (1.93%) Clustering
6 9 (1.93%) Management Information System
7 7 (1.50%) Hybrid Cloud
7 7 (1.50%) PKI
8 6 (1.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 6 (1.29%) Mainframe
9 5 (1.07%) Greenfield Project
9 5 (1.07%) Robotics
10 4 (0.86%) Verilog
11 3 (0.64%) Derivative
11 3 (0.64%) Device Driver
11 3 (0.64%) Smart Home
11 3 (0.64%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 243 (52.15%) Linux
2 137 (29.40%) Unix
3 94 (20.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 89 (19.10%) Windows
5 27 (5.79%) Ubuntu
6 24 (5.15%) CentOS
7 23 (4.94%) Solaris
8 17 (3.65%) Windows Server
9 10 (2.15%) Mac OS
10 8 (1.72%) AIX
10 8 (1.72%) HPUX
11 7 (1.50%) Debian
12 6 (1.29%) Embedded Linux
12 6 (1.29%) SUSE
12 6 (1.29%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 6 (1.29%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (1.07%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (1.07%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.64%) VMS
15 2 (0.43%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 139 (29.83%) Agile Software Development
2 129 (27.68%) DevOps
3 81 (17.38%) Problem-Solving
4 78 (16.74%) Configuration Management
5 67 (14.38%) ITIL
6 58 (12.45%) Test Automation
7 46 (9.87%) Migration
8 43 (9.23%) Scrum
9 36 (7.73%) Analytics
10 35 (7.51%) Microservices
11 34 (7.30%) Continuous Integration
11 34 (7.30%) Data Modelling
12 33 (7.08%) Software Engineering
13 32 (6.87%) Infrastructure as Code
13 32 (6.87%) Network Management
14 30 (6.44%) Unit Testing
15 27 (5.79%) Change Management
15 27 (5.79%) Open Source
16 25 (5.36%) Task Automation
17 24 (5.15%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 296 (63.52%) Python
2 175 (37.55%) Java
3 132 (28.33%) Shell Script
4 128 (27.47%) SQL
5 126 (27.04%) Bash Shell
6 78 (16.74%) Ruby
7 74 (15.88%) JavaScript
8 68 (14.59%) PowerShell
9 59 (12.66%) PHP
10 57 (12.23%) C
11 52 (11.16%) PL/SQL
12 41 (8.80%) C++
13 30 (6.44%) C#
14 22 (4.72%) Korn
15 20 (4.29%) Go
16 15 (3.22%) Scala
17 14 (3.00%) Haskell
18 12 (2.58%) Groovy
19 11 (2.36%) SAS Macro
20 9 (1.93%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 80 (17.17%) Security Cleared
2 66 (14.16%) SC Cleared
3 24 (5.15%) Cisco Certification
4 23 (4.94%) CCNP
5 20 (4.29%) Degree
6 19 (4.08%) CCNA
7 10 (2.15%) AWS Certification
7 10 (2.15%) Computer Science Degree
7 10 (2.15%) DV Cleared
8 8 (1.72%) CISSP
8 8 (1.72%) OCP
8 8 (1.72%) Oracle Certification
9 6 (1.29%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (1.07%) GIAC
11 4 (0.86%) CCIP
12 3 (0.64%) CISM
13 2 (0.43%) CEH
13 2 (0.43%) GCIH
13 2 (0.43%) VCAP
13 2 (0.43%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (4.51%) QA
2 12 (2.58%) SLA
3 3 (0.64%) GDPR
3 3 (0.64%) ISO 9000
4 2 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.43%) NIST
4 2 (0.43%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.21%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.21%) GMP
5 1 (0.21%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 90 (19.31%) Docker
2 31 (6.65%) Active Directory
2 31 (6.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (2.79%) Oracle RAC
3 13 (2.79%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (2.15%) VMware ESXi
4 10 (2.15%) VMware NSX
5 9 (1.93%) HDFS
6 8 (1.72%) KVM
6 8 (1.72%) vSphere
7 6 (1.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 6 (1.29%) NFS
7 6 (1.29%) RACF
7 6 (1.29%) Squid
8 5 (1.07%) Samba
9 4 (0.86%) vCloud
9 4 (0.86%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.64%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 3 (0.64%) Firmware
10 3 (0.64%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 121 (25.97%) Ansible
2 112 (24.03%) Puppet
3 80 (17.17%) Kubernetes
4 77 (16.52%) Opscode Chef
5 64 (13.73%) Terraform
6 44 (9.44%) Netcool
6 44 (9.44%) Netcool/OMNIbus
7 42 (9.01%) Nagios
8 35 (7.51%) Amdocs OSS
9 23 (4.94%) Docker Swarm
10 21 (4.51%) Cacti
10 21 (4.51%) ZABBIX
11 18 (3.86%) Kibana
12 16 (3.43%) Salt
13 15 (3.22%) Cisco Prime
13 15 (3.22%) NetMRI
13 15 (3.22%) Statseeker
14 14 (3.00%) Data Guard
14 14 (3.00%) vCenter Server
15 10 (2.15%) logstash
Vendors
1 116 (24.89%) Oracle
2 81 (17.38%) Red Hat
3 57 (12.23%) IBM
4 51 (10.94%) VMware
5 48 (10.30%) Cisco
6 43 (9.23%) ServiceNow
7 39 (8.37%) BMC
8 37 (7.94%) Microsoft
8 37 (7.94%) Remedy
9 36 (7.73%) Siebel
9 36 (7.73%) xMatters
10 35 (7.51%) Cramer
11 33 (7.08%) Juniper
12 32 (6.87%) Splunk
13 20 (4.29%) Google
13 20 (4.29%) webMethods
14 19 (4.08%) Huawei
14 19 (4.08%) Informatica
14 19 (4.08%) Pega
15 18 (3.86%) NetScout