Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 221 189 144
Rank change year-on-year -32 -45 -1
Contract jobs citing Perl 1,238 1,425 1,791
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 1.42% 1.84%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.81% 3.37% 4.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 718 889 1,148
UK median daily rate £489 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.25% +11.11% +2.86%
10th Percentile £321 £324 £320
90th Percentile £613 £662 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £438 £400
% change year-on-year -2.86% +9.38% -1.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 25 30
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £46.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -14.44% +16.88%
10th Percentile £32.50 £35.50 £31.93
90th Percentile £55.00 £44.17 £55.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £47.00
% change year-on-year - -14.89% +17.50%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 44,133 42,227 39,670
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.37% 42.10% 40.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,961 29,783 27,237
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £320 £308 £290
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 683 756 867
UK median hourly rate £42.25 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.63% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £17.00 £16.56 £14.75
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 1,094 £500 - 320
UK excluding London -12 678 £425 -2.86% 191
London -48 544 £550 - 151
South East -42 157 £425 +4.94% 50
North of England -31 136 £428 -2.29% 38
Scotland -5 116 £435 +2.35% 18
Midlands +26 113 £500 -0.20% 16
East of England +30 112 £425 -12.82% 36
West Midlands +27 97 £525 -4.55% 13
North West +2 54 £356 -20.83% 22
Yorkshire -23 52 £450 -10.00% 12
South West -29 32 £394 +7.88% 29
North East -26 30 £490 +24.44% 4
East Midlands +3 16 £400 +14.29% 3
Wales -23 8 £456 +7.35% 2
Northern Ireland +16 4 £425 -30.61% 2

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 921 (74.39%) Python
2 835 (67.45%) Linux
3 547 (44.18%) DevOps
4 448 (36.19%) Agile Software Development
5 441 (35.62%) Unix
6 430 (34.73%) Jenkins
7 427 (34.49%) Puppet
8 394 (31.83%) Java
9 390 (31.50%) Git (software)
10 360 (29.08%) Ruby
11 357 (28.84%) SQL
12 355 (28.68%) Ansible
13 351 (28.35%) Windows
14 329 (26.58%) Amazon AWS
15 326 (26.33%) Bash Shell
16 324 (26.17%) Docker
17 295 (23.83%) Configuration Management
18 254 (20.52%) Continuous Integration
19 252 (20.36%) Oracle
20 251 (20.27%) Test Automation
21 240 (19.39%) Finance
22 207 (16.72%) JavaScript
23 204 (16.48%) Opscode Chef
24 200 (16.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
25 186 (15.02%) Problem-Solving
26 183 (14.78%) Apache
27 182 (14.70%) Red Hat
28 173 (13.97%) Shell Script
28 173 (13.97%) HTTP
29 171 (13.81%) Terraform

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (14.78%) Apache
2 109 (8.80%) Tomcat
3 94 (7.59%) nginx
4 78 (6.30%) Confluence
5 71 (5.74%) JBoss
6 66 (5.33%) WebLogic
7 41 (3.31%) Elasticsearch
8 31 (2.50%) OpenStack
9 26 (2.10%) IIS
9 26 (2.10%) WebSphere
10 21 (1.70%) Apache Qpid
11 20 (1.62%) Drupal
11 20 (1.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 17 (1.37%) Apache Spark
13 14 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
13 14 (1.13%) Jetty
13 14 (1.13%) Mongrel
13 14 (1.13%) Tuxedo
14 13 (1.05%) SharePoint
15 10 (0.81%) SAS
Applications
1 16 (1.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (1.21%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (1.05%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.24%) CATIA
5 3 (0.24%) Siemens NX
5 3 (0.24%) SPSS
6 1 (0.081%) Doxygen
6 1 (0.081%) HipChat
6 1 (0.081%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.081%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 4 (0.32%) assyst
1 4 (0.32%) ION MarketView
1 4 (0.32%) Loan IQ
1 4 (0.32%) Teamcenter
2 3 (0.24%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.24%) Oracle BRM
2 3 (0.24%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.16%) Kondor
3 2 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
3 2 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.081%) Eagle PACE
4 1 (0.081%) Global One
4 1 (0.081%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.081%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.081%) SAP MDG
4 1 (0.081%) SAP MDM
Cloud Services
1 329 (26.58%) Amazon AWS
2 129 (10.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 121 (9.77%) GitHub
4 60 (4.85%) Cloud Computing
5 54 (4.36%) Google Analytics
6 49 (3.96%) AWS CloudFormation
7 43 (3.47%) Amazon EC2
8 36 (2.91%) Google Cloud Platform
8 36 (2.91%) IaaS
9 31 (2.50%) PaaS
10 29 (2.34%) OpenShift
11 28 (2.26%) Amazon S3
12 23 (1.86%) Serverless
13 20 (1.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 18 (1.45%) Apigee
14 18 (1.45%) Office 365
15 17 (1.37%) AWS Lambda
16 16 (1.29%) Amazon SQS
17 14 (1.13%) SaaS
18 12 (0.97%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 173 (13.97%) HTTP
2 168 (13.57%) TCP/IP
3 141 (11.39%) Firewall
4 109 (8.80%) SSL
5 101 (8.16%) DNS
6 65 (5.25%) Internet
7 49 (3.96%) LAN
8 43 (3.47%) DHCP
9 40 (3.23%) SAN
9 40 (3.23%) WAN
10 35 (2.83%) VPN
11 32 (2.58%) MPLS
12 27 (2.18%) VLAN
13 26 (2.10%) Wireless
14 25 (2.02%) BGP
15 24 (1.94%) OSPF
16 22 (1.78%) Kerberos
17 20 (1.62%) BIG-IP
17 20 (1.62%) Cisco ASA
18 19 (1.53%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 137 (11.07%) MongoDB
2 135 (10.90%) MySQL
3 109 (8.80%) NoSQL
4 95 (7.67%) PostgreSQL
5 86 (6.95%) SQL Server
6 84 (6.79%) Relational Database
7 55 (4.44%) Oracle Database
8 50 (4.04%) Hadoop
9 44 (3.55%) RDBMS
10 29 (2.34%) Big Data
11 27 (2.18%) Apache Cassandra
11 27 (2.18%) DB2
12 23 (1.86%) Amazon RDS
13 22 (1.78%) BusinessObjects
13 22 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
14 20 (1.62%) MariaDB
15 17 (1.37%) Neo4j
16 16 (1.29%) Amazon Redshift
17 15 (1.21%) ArangoDB
17 15 (1.21%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 430 (34.73%) Jenkins
2 390 (31.50%) Git (software)
3 154 (12.44%) JIRA
4 140 (11.31%) Maven
5 98 (7.92%) Sonatype Nexus
6 89 (7.19%) Subversion
7 87 (7.03%) Selenium
8 77 (6.22%) Ant
8 77 (6.22%) Cucumber
9 62 (5.01%) Artifactory
10 60 (4.85%) JUnit
11 57 (4.60%) IntelliJ
12 54 (4.36%) Gatling
12 54 (4.36%) Karma Test Runner
13 52 (4.20%) Bitbucket
13 52 (4.20%) TeamCity
14 51 (4.12%) Grunt
14 51 (4.12%) gulp
14 51 (4.12%) Sublime Text
15 43 (3.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 240 (19.39%) Finance
2 110 (8.89%) Banking
3 49 (3.96%) Front Office
3 49 (3.96%) Telecoms
4 34 (2.75%) Investment Banking
5 31 (2.50%) Financial Institution
6 14 (1.13%) Retail
7 13 (1.05%) Billing
8 11 (0.89%) Back Office
8 11 (0.89%) Electronics
9 10 (0.81%) Marketing
10 7 (0.57%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
12 5 (0.40%) Automotive
12 5 (0.40%) Publishing
13 4 (0.32%) Law
13 4 (0.32%) Multimedia
13 4 (0.32%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.32%) Spanish Language
14 3 (0.24%) Games
Job Titles
1 322 (26.01%) DevOps Engineer
2 301 (24.31%) Developer
3 74 (5.98%) AWS Engineer
4 72 (5.82%) AWS DevOps
5 71 (5.74%) Perl Developer
6 68 (5.49%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 59 (4.77%) Linux Engineer
8 56 (4.52%) Analyst
9 54 (4.36%) Java Developer
10 49 (3.96%) Architect
11 45 (3.63%) Administrator
12 44 (3.55%) Senior Developer
13 42 (3.39%) Python Developer
14 41 (3.31%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 40 (3.23%) Network Engineer
16 34 (2.75%) Consultant
17 33 (2.67%) Senior DevOps
18 32 (2.58%) Cloud Engineer
18 32 (2.58%) Linux DevOps Engineer
19 30 (2.42%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 122 (9.85%) HTML
2 107 (8.64%) XML
3 96 (7.75%) AngularJS
4 95 (7.67%) Middleware
5 91 (7.35%) CSS
6 89 (7.19%) Web Services
7 87 (7.03%) Node.js
8 86 (6.95%) JSON
8 86 (6.95%) Spring
9 84 (6.79%) jQuery
10 80 (6.46%) SOAP
11 78 (6.30%) REST
12 69 (5.57%) Servlets
13 64 (5.17%) .NET
13 64 (5.17%) Elastic Stack
13 64 (5.17%) J2EE
14 55 (4.44%) Gherkin
15 54 (4.36%) HTML5
16 50 (4.04%) LAMP
17 41 (3.31%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 84 (6.79%) Analytical Skills
2 76 (6.14%) Data Centre
3 71 (5.74%) Linux Command Line
4 51 (4.12%) Public Cloud
5 49 (3.96%) Hybrid Cloud
6 44 (3.55%) Management Information System
7 41 (3.31%) User Experience
8 36 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
9 30 (2.42%) Self-Motivation
10 23 (1.86%) PKI
11 21 (1.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 21 (1.70%) Private Cloud
11 21 (1.70%) Replication
12 20 (1.62%) Cyberthreat
13 19 (1.53%) Fixed Income
14 17 (1.37%) Clustering
14 17 (1.37%) Enterprise Cloud
15 15 (1.21%) Equities
16 11 (0.89%) Data Structures
16 11 (0.89%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 835 (67.45%) Linux
2 441 (35.62%) Unix
3 351 (28.35%) Windows
4 200 (16.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 86 (6.95%) Ubuntu
6 79 (6.38%) CentOS
7 64 (5.17%) Windows Server
8 61 (4.93%) Solaris
9 25 (2.02%) Debian
10 20 (1.62%) AIX
11 13 (1.05%) Fedora
11 13 (1.05%) SUSE
11 13 (1.05%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 10 (0.81%) Android
12 10 (0.81%) Windows Server 2012
13 9 (0.73%) Windows Server 2008
14 8 (0.65%) HPUX
14 8 (0.65%) Oracle Linux
15 7 (0.57%) Apple iOS
16 5 (0.40%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 547 (44.18%) DevOps
2 448 (36.19%) Agile Software Development
3 295 (23.83%) Configuration Management
4 254 (20.52%) Continuous Integration
5 251 (20.27%) Test Automation
6 186 (15.02%) Problem-Solving
7 153 (12.36%) Open Source
8 141 (11.39%) Scrum
9 122 (9.85%) Microservices
10 121 (9.77%) Deployment Automation
11 111 (8.97%) Kanban
12 109 (8.80%) Analytics
13 95 (7.67%) ITIL
13 95 (7.67%) OO
14 93 (7.51%) TDD
15 89 (7.19%) Software Engineering
16 88 (7.11%) Migration
17 84 (6.79%) SDLC
18 83 (6.70%) Change Management
18 83 (6.70%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 921 (74.39%) Python
2 394 (31.83%) Java
3 360 (29.08%) Ruby
4 357 (28.84%) SQL
5 326 (26.33%) Bash Shell
6 207 (16.72%) JavaScript
7 173 (13.97%) Shell Script
8 132 (10.66%) C#
9 123 (9.94%) PowerShell
10 117 (9.45%) PHP
11 101 (8.16%) C++
12 78 (6.30%) C
12 78 (6.30%) Groovy
13 72 (5.82%) PL/SQL
14 67 (5.41%) Go
15 63 (5.09%) Scala
16 54 (4.36%) Haskell
17 26 (2.10%) VB
18 23 (1.86%) R
19 19 (1.53%) Korn
Qualifications
1 104 (8.40%) Security Cleared
2 80 (6.46%) Degree
3 70 (5.65%) SC Cleared
4 36 (2.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (2.58%) Cisco Certification
6 30 (2.42%) CISSP
7 26 (2.10%) CCNA
8 23 (1.86%) AWS Certification
9 22 (1.78%) CCNP
9 22 (1.78%) CISM
10 11 (0.89%) DV Cleared
11 10 (0.81%) Master's Degree
12 9 (0.73%) ITIL Certification
12 9 (0.73%) SANS
13 8 (0.65%) CEH
13 8 (0.65%) ISEB
14 6 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
15 5 (0.40%) PhD
16 4 (0.32%) GIAC
16 4 (0.32%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (3.15%) QA
2 27 (2.18%) GDPR
3 18 (1.45%) PCI DSS
3 18 (1.45%) SLA
4 15 (1.21%) FINRA
5 10 (0.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 8 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 7 (0.57%) Data Quality
7 7 (0.57%) HIPAA
8 4 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.32%) MiFID
9 2 (0.16%) EMIR
9 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.081%) CDISC
10 1 (0.081%) FedRAMP
10 1 (0.081%) FISMA
10 1 (0.081%) GCP
10 1 (0.081%) GPG13
10 1 (0.081%) IFRS
System Software
1 324 (26.17%) Docker
2 90 (7.27%) VMware Infrastructure
3 61 (4.93%) Active Directory
4 30 (2.42%) Hyper-V
5 24 (1.94%) KVM
6 23 (1.86%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 23 (1.86%) VirtualBox
7 18 (1.45%) vSphere
8 14 (1.13%) Firmware
9 13 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
10 12 (0.97%) Apache Flume
11 11 (0.89%) Samba
12 10 (0.81%) VMware ESXi
12 10 (0.81%) Xen
13 8 (0.65%) NFS
13 8 (0.65%) Oracle RAC
14 7 (0.57%) Virtual Servers
15 6 (0.48%) LXC
15 6 (0.48%) XenApp
16 5 (0.40%) Squid
Systems Management
1 427 (34.49%) Puppet
2 355 (28.68%) Ansible
3 204 (16.48%) Opscode Chef
4 171 (13.81%) Terraform
5 168 (13.57%) Kubernetes
6 94 (7.59%) Kibana
7 90 (7.27%) Nagios
7 90 (7.27%) ZABBIX
8 74 (5.98%) Grafana
9 67 (5.41%) Salt
10 35 (2.83%) Docker Swarm
11 26 (2.10%) Packer
12 24 (1.94%) logstash
13 20 (1.62%) ITRS Geneos
14 18 (1.45%) BladeLogic
14 18 (1.45%) Rancher
15 17 (1.37%) Mesos
15 17 (1.37%) Red Hat Satellite
15 17 (1.37%) Rundeck
16 16 (1.29%) Suricata
Vendors
1 252 (20.36%) Oracle
2 182 (14.70%) Red Hat
3 138 (11.15%) VMware
4 93 (7.51%) Microsoft
5 92 (7.43%) Splunk
6 84 (6.79%) Google
7 50 (4.04%) Atlassian
7 50 (4.04%) Cisco
7 50 (4.04%) webMethods
8 43 (3.47%) Sybase
9 41 (3.31%) New Relic
10 40 (3.23%) Adobe
11 39 (3.15%) SaltStack
11 39 (3.15%) ServiceNow
12 32 (2.58%) Informatica
13 27 (2.18%) CheckPoint
14 26 (2.10%) F5
15 25 (2.02%) AppDynamics
15 25 (2.02%) IBM
16 24 (1.94%) Citrix