Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 316 321 253
Rank change year-on-year +5 -68 -42
Contract jobs citing Perl 386 455 1,028
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.74% 0.76% 1.07%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.81% 1.87% 2.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 231 290 639
10th Percentile £350 £337 £320
25th Percentile £366 £408 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £454 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year -9.15% -0.05% +0.50%
75th Percentile £559 £545 £578
90th Percentile £617 £614 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £488 £467
% change year-on-year -16.92% +4.39% +3.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 15 24
10th Percentile £25.00 £23.70 £13.83
25th Percentile £28.75 £31.50 £29.69
Median hourly rate £35.00 £39.00 £40.50
Median % change year-on-year -10.26% -3.70% +1.25%
75th Percentile £50.88 £44.98 £47.83
90th Percentile £60.40 £57.50 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.50 £38.00
% change year-on-year -13.58% +6.58% -5.00%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 21,293 24,286 41,540
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.57% 40.55% 43.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,003 17,073 29,369
10th Percentile £321 £325 £323
25th Percentile £400 £400 £394
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £485 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -4.49% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 459 462 635
10th Percentile £15.46 £17.28 £17.03
25th Percentile £25.00 £22.55 £24.38
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%
75th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.75
90th Percentile £61.05 £57.40 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £42.81
% change year-on-year -5.88% -0.72% +7.02%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 311 £454 -9.20% 103
UK excluding London +44 186 £405 -16.92% 76
London -5 133 £498 -0.50% 39
Work from Home -147 109 £498 +24.38% 19
Midlands +62 46 £405 -4.71% 9
North of England +31 42 £425 -19.05% 25
Scotland +13 42 £450 -10.00% 8
West Midlands +53 40 £405 -4.71% 7
South East -6 33 £368 -22.63% 15
North West +28 27 £420 -20.00% 13
Yorkshire +29 11 £450 -10.45% 8
East of England +27 11 £500 +5.26% 12
South West +62 10 £600 +11.63% 3
East Midlands +31 6 £400 -3.61% 2
North East +18 4 £362 -0.82% 4
Wales +15 1 - - 2
Northern Ireland +7 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 237 (61.40%) Python
2 209 (54.15%) Linux
3 144 (37.31%) Java
4 137 (35.49%) Unix
5 130 (33.68%) SQL
5 130 (33.68%) DevOps
6 111 (28.76%) Bash Shell
7 109 (28.24%) Oracle
8 105 (27.20%) Jenkins
9 99 (25.65%) Windows
10 89 (23.06%) Agile Software Development
11 88 (22.80%) Git (software)
12 85 (22.02%) Ansible
12 85 (22.02%) AWS
13 83 (21.50%) Configuration Management
14 81 (20.98%) Finance
14 81 (20.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 75 (19.43%) Shell Script
15 75 (19.43%) PowerShell
16 74 (19.17%) Azure
17 71 (18.39%) Business Intelligence
18 65 (16.84%) PL/SQL
18 65 (16.84%) Public Sector
19 64 (16.58%) Scrum
19 64 (16.58%) Docker
20 62 (16.06%) Kubernetes
20 62 (16.06%) Red Hat
20 62 (16.06%) JIRA
21 58 (15.03%) Security Cleared
22 56 (14.51%) Software Engineering

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (12.44%) WebLogic
2 28 (7.25%) Tomcat
3 25 (6.48%) Confluence
4 22 (5.70%) Apache
5 17 (4.40%) JBoss
6 15 (3.89%) Elasticsearch
7 11 (2.85%) nginx
8 9 (2.33%) IIS
9 8 (2.07%) SAS
9 8 (2.07%) SharePoint
10 6 (1.55%) OpenStack
10 6 (1.55%) WebSphere
10 6 (1.55%) WebSphere Application Server
11 5 (1.30%) Apache Solr
11 5 (1.30%) Cloud Foundry
12 4 (1.04%) Jetty
12 4 (1.04%) Mailman
12 4 (1.04%) Oracle Self-Service HR
12 4 (1.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (1.04%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 7 (1.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (2.59%) Summit
2 4 (1.04%) Magento
2 4 (1.04%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.78%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.52%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.26%) FastStats
5 1 (0.26%) FastStats PeopleStage
5 1 (0.26%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 1 (0.26%) RMDS
5 1 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.26%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 85 (22.02%) AWS
2 74 (19.17%) Azure
3 31 (8.03%) GitHub
4 28 (7.25%) Amazon EKS
5 19 (4.92%) GCP
5 19 (4.92%) PaaS
6 14 (3.63%) IaaS
7 13 (3.37%) SaaS
8 8 (2.07%) Cloud Computing
8 8 (2.07%) Microsoft 365
9 7 (1.81%) OpenShift
9 7 (1.81%) Serverless
10 5 (1.30%) Amazon EC2
10 5 (1.30%) Amazon ELB
11 4 (1.04%) Amazon S3
11 4 (1.04%) Azure Data Factory
11 4 (1.04%) OneDrive
12 3 (0.78%) Azure Active Directory
12 3 (0.78%) SpeedCurve
12 3 (0.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 25 (6.48%) TCP/IP
2 23 (5.96%) DNS
3 20 (5.18%) SAN
4 18 (4.66%) Firewall
4 18 (4.66%) HTTP
4 18 (4.66%) SSL
5 12 (3.11%) DHCP
6 11 (2.85%) Fibre Channel
7 9 (2.33%) Internet
7 9 (2.33%) Network Security
8 7 (1.81%) FTP
8 7 (1.81%) SMTP
9 6 (1.55%) IMAP
9 6 (1.55%) NAS
9 6 (1.55%) SSH
9 6 (1.55%) VPN
9 6 (1.55%) WAN
10 5 (1.30%) Kerberos
10 5 (1.30%) SD-WAN
10 5 (1.30%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (9.59%) MySQL
2 33 (8.55%) MongoDB
3 30 (7.77%) SQL Server
4 29 (7.51%) Relational Database
5 23 (5.96%) Oracle Database
6 15 (3.89%) NoSQL
6 15 (3.89%) RDBMS
7 13 (3.37%) Hadoop
7 13 (3.37%) PostgreSQL
8 10 (2.59%) DB2
9 9 (2.33%) Oracle Database 11g
10 8 (2.07%) Big Data
11 5 (1.30%) Apache Hive
11 5 (1.30%) MariaDB
11 5 (1.30%) Oracle Database 12c
12 4 (1.04%) Data Lake
12 4 (1.04%) SQL Server 2014
12 4 (1.04%) SQL Server 2016
12 4 (1.04%) SQL Server 2017
12 4 (1.04%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 105 (27.20%) Jenkins
2 88 (22.80%) Git (software)
3 62 (16.06%) JIRA
4 41 (10.62%) CA Gen
4 41 (10.62%) GitLab
5 31 (8.03%) Artifactory
6 25 (6.48%) Bitbucket
7 23 (5.96%) Subversion
8 18 (4.66%) Maven
9 16 (4.15%) Selenium
9 16 (4.15%) TeamCity
10 14 (3.63%) Cucumber
11 12 (3.11%) Ant
11 12 (3.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 12 (3.11%) SonarQube
12 10 (2.59%) Eclipse
12 10 (2.59%) Sonatype Nexus
13 9 (2.33%) Bitbucket Server
13 9 (2.33%) JUnit
14 8 (2.07%) Visual Studio
General
1 81 (20.98%) Finance
2 65 (16.84%) Public Sector
3 41 (10.62%) Banking
4 36 (9.33%) Telecoms
5 30 (7.77%) Electronics
6 29 (7.51%) Manufacturing
6 29 (7.51%) Marketing
7 14 (3.63%) Investment Banking
8 8 (2.07%) Retail
9 6 (1.55%) French Language
9 6 (1.55%) Front Office
10 4 (1.04%) Back Office
11 3 (0.78%) Billing
11 3 (0.78%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.78%) International Banking
12 2 (0.52%) Legal
12 2 (0.52%) Prime Brokerage
12 2 (0.52%) Synthetic Prime Brokerage
13 1 (0.26%) Danish Language
13 1 (0.26%) German Language
Job Titles
1 80 (20.73%) Developer
2 63 (16.32%) DevOps Engineer
3 27 (6.99%) Software Engineer
4 22 (5.70%) Consultant
4 22 (5.70%) Senior DevOps
5 20 (5.18%) Administrator
6 19 (4.92%) Linux Engineer
6 19 (4.92%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 18 (4.66%) Security Engineer
8 16 (4.15%) Java Developer
9 14 (3.63%) Automation Engineer
10 12 (3.11%) C Programmer
10 12 (3.11%) Perl Developer
10 12 (3.11%) Platform Engineer
10 12 (3.11%) Programmer
11 11 (2.85%) DBA
11 11 (2.85%) Linux Administrator
12 10 (2.59%) C++ Developer
12 10 (2.59%) Summit Developer
13 9 (2.33%) Oracle DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (11.92%) J2EE
2 43 (11.14%) Kafka
3 40 (10.36%) Elastic Stack
4 28 (7.25%) Web Services
5 24 (6.22%) REST
6 23 (5.96%) Spring
7 21 (5.44%) SOAP
8 18 (4.66%) XML
9 17 (4.40%) JSON
10 16 (4.15%) .NET
11 15 (3.89%) Middleware
12 14 (3.63%) HTML
13 12 (3.11%) LDAP
13 12 (3.11%) Node.js
14 10 (2.59%) jQuery
15 9 (2.33%) AngularJS
15 9 (2.33%) Spring Boot
16 8 (2.07%) YAML
17 7 (1.81%) Ajax
17 7 (1.81%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 37 (9.59%) Analytical Skills
2 21 (5.44%) Data Centre
3 16 (4.15%) Derivative
3 16 (4.15%) Fixed Income
4 13 (3.37%) Management Information System
5 12 (3.11%) Equities
6 11 (2.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 10 (2.59%) Linux Command Line
8 9 (2.33%) CMDB
9 8 (2.07%) VxBlock/Vblock
10 7 (1.81%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (1.55%) Clustering
11 6 (1.55%) EMC VNX
11 6 (1.55%) Public Cloud
12 5 (1.30%) Cloud Native
12 5 (1.30%) Hybrid Cloud
12 5 (1.30%) PKI
12 5 (1.30%) Replication
13 4 (1.04%) Private Cloud
13 4 (1.04%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 209 (54.15%) Linux
2 137 (35.49%) Unix
3 99 (25.65%) Windows
4 81 (20.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 21 (5.44%) CentOS
5 21 (5.44%) Solaris
6 11 (2.85%) Debian
6 11 (2.85%) Ubuntu
7 10 (2.59%) AIX
8 8 (2.07%) SUSE
9 7 (1.81%) Android
9 7 (1.81%) Apple iOS
10 6 (1.55%) Windows Server
11 5 (1.30%) VMS
12 4 (1.04%) Mac OS X
12 4 (1.04%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 3 (0.78%) Alpine Linux
13 3 (0.78%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.52%) Amazon Linux
14 2 (0.52%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 130 (33.68%) DevOps
2 89 (23.06%) Agile Software Development
3 83 (21.50%) Configuration Management
4 71 (18.39%) Business Intelligence
5 64 (16.58%) Scrum
6 56 (14.51%) Software Engineering
7 50 (12.95%) Migration
8 49 (12.69%) Test Strategy
9 48 (12.44%) Microservices
9 48 (12.44%) Waterfall
10 46 (11.92%) Infrastructure as Code
11 44 (11.40%) Process Improvement
12 42 (10.88%) Data Modelling
12 42 (10.88%) OO
13 41 (10.62%) Problem Management
14 39 (10.10%) Continuous Integration
14 39 (10.10%) Problem-Solving
14 39 (10.10%) RUP
15 38 (9.84%) Test Automation
16 35 (9.07%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 237 (61.40%) Python
2 144 (37.31%) Java
3 130 (33.68%) SQL
4 111 (28.76%) Bash Shell
5 75 (19.43%) PowerShell
5 75 (19.43%) Shell Script
6 65 (16.84%) PL/SQL
7 40 (10.36%) COBOL
7 40 (10.36%) Ruby
8 35 (9.07%) C
9 34 (8.81%) JavaScript
10 33 (8.55%) C#
11 32 (8.29%) C++
12 28 (7.25%) PHP
13 26 (6.74%) Groovy
14 14 (3.63%) Scala
15 13 (3.37%) Go
16 11 (2.85%) VBA
17 10 (2.59%) T-SQL
18 8 (2.07%) AWK
Qualifications
1 58 (15.03%) Security Cleared
2 50 (12.95%) SC Cleared
3 32 (8.29%) Degree
4 18 (4.66%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (2.33%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 8 (2.07%) Cisco Certification
6 8 (2.07%) DV Cleared
7 7 (1.81%) CCNA
8 5 (1.30%) CCNP
8 5 (1.30%) VCAP
8 5 (1.30%) VCP6
9 4 (1.04%) NCDA
10 2 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.52%) HNC
10 2 (0.52%) HND
10 2 (0.52%) ISEB
10 2 (0.52%) RHCE
11 1 (0.26%) CCIE
11 1 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.26%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.33%) QA
2 6 (1.55%) GDPR
3 2 (0.52%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.52%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
4 1 (0.26%) GRC
4 1 (0.26%) PMO
4 1 (0.26%) SLA
System Software
1 64 (16.58%) Docker
2 29 (7.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (7.25%) Active Directory
4 9 (2.33%) VMware NSX
5 8 (2.07%) Oracle RAC
5 8 (2.07%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (1.55%) Firmware
6 6 (1.55%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 5 (1.30%) Hyper-V
7 5 (1.30%) NFS
8 4 (1.04%) ProxySG
8 4 (1.04%) Snort
8 4 (1.04%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 4 (1.04%) Veritas File System
8 4 (1.04%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.78%) HDFS
9 3 (0.78%) KVM
9 3 (0.78%) Samba
9 3 (0.78%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.52%) Xen
Systems Management
1 85 (22.02%) Ansible
2 62 (16.06%) Kubernetes
3 52 (13.47%) Grafana
4 47 (12.18%) Puppet
5 37 (9.59%) Prometheus
6 36 (9.33%) Kibana
6 36 (9.33%) Terraform
7 35 (9.07%) Opscode Chef
8 28 (7.25%) Rancher
9 27 (6.99%) Istio
9 27 (6.99%) logstash
10 26 (6.74%) Consul
11 25 (6.48%) Fluentd
12 15 (3.89%) Netcool
12 15 (3.89%) Salt
13 14 (3.63%) SCOM
14 9 (2.33%) Tivoli
15 8 (2.07%) PowerCLI
16 7 (1.81%) BladeLogic
17 6 (1.55%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 109 (28.24%) Oracle
2 62 (16.06%) Red Hat
3 50 (12.95%) Splunk
4 42 (10.88%) Pega
5 41 (10.62%) BEA
5 41 (10.62%) webMethods
6 40 (10.36%) VMware
7 38 (9.84%) SAP
8 36 (9.33%) AppDynamics
9 29 (7.51%) Google
9 29 (7.51%) Microsoft
10 24 (6.22%) IBM
11 20 (5.18%) ServiceNow
11 20 (5.18%) Sybase
12 16 (4.15%) Atlassian
13 14 (3.63%) Cisco
13 14 (3.63%) EMC
14 13 (3.37%) HP
15 12 (3.11%) Brocade
15 12 (3.11%) SaltStack