Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 280 216 160
Rank change year-on-year -64 -56 -31
Contract jobs citing Perl 822 1,303 1,587
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.93% 1.29% 1.62%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.22% 2.90% 3.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 468 739 914
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +6.74%
10th Percentile £329 £322 £313
90th Percentile £675 £613 £634
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 16 31
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.25 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.34% -9.38% +6.67%
10th Percentile £26.50 £20.25 £35.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £54.19 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - -

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,079 44,952 41,018
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.16% 44.45% 41.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,656 31,604 28,307
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £306
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 675 710 769
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £41.53 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.95% +3.83% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.26 £16.25 £15.79
90th Percentile £55.80 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £42.00 £40.25
% change year-on-year +3.57% +4.35% +7.33%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -58 757 £500 +5.26% 209
London -26 459 £538 +2.38% 81
UK excluding London -97 346 £450 +5.88% 154
South East -21 115 £475 +11.76% 41
North of England -60 64 £450 +5.88% 22
Midlands -7 47 £477 -7.38% 14
East of England -51 37 £390 -8.24% 33
South West -17 35 £488 - 18
Scotland -16 33 £425 +13.26% 22
Yorkshire +9 30 £400 -10.61% 6
West Midlands -4 29 £469 -10.71% 9
North West -15 29 £450 -5.01% 14
East Midlands +16 18 £490 +28.10% 5
Wales +12 14 £450 -1.37% 4
North East -16 5 £300 -18.92% 2
Northern Ireland - 3 £425 -

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 612 (74.45%) Python
2 498 (60.58%) Linux
3 278 (33.82%) Unix
3 278 (33.82%) DevOps
4 277 (33.70%) Java
5 261 (31.75%) SQL
6 256 (31.14%) Agile Software Development
7 238 (28.95%) Bash Shell
8 223 (27.13%) AWS
9 207 (25.18%) Ruby
10 186 (22.63%) Windows
10 186 (22.63%) Git (software)
11 183 (22.26%) Puppet
12 182 (22.14%) Jenkins
13 166 (20.19%) Ansible
14 159 (19.34%) Shell Script
15 158 (19.22%) Oracle
16 149 (18.13%) Opscode Chef
17 147 (17.88%) Configuration Management
18 144 (17.52%) Finance
19 143 (17.40%) Docker
20 137 (16.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
21 136 (16.55%) Red Hat
22 130 (15.82%) Security Cleared
23 124 (15.09%) JavaScript
24 122 (14.84%) PowerShell
25 120 (14.60%) JIRA
26 111 (13.50%) Azure
27 105 (12.77%) MySQL
28 103 (12.53%) ITIL

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (8.27%) Tomcat
2 65 (7.91%) Apache
3 49 (5.96%) WebLogic
4 47 (5.72%) Confluence
5 34 (4.14%) IIS
6 31 (3.77%) JBoss
7 30 (3.65%) Elasticsearch
8 27 (3.28%) nginx
8 27 (3.28%) OpenStack
9 25 (3.04%) Apache Spark
10 21 (2.55%) SharePoint
11 13 (1.58%) SAS
12 11 (1.34%) Jetty
13 9 (1.09%) MS Exchange
13 9 (1.09%) WebSphere
14 7 (0.85%) Drupal
14 7 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 6 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
15 6 (0.73%) IBM HTTP Server
16 5 (0.61%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 9 (1.09%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.73%) SPSS
3 6 (0.73%) Stata
4 2 (0.24%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 9 (1.09%) Remedy ITSM
2 7 (0.85%) Magento
3 4 (0.49%) Relativity
4 3 (0.36%) CA PPM
5 2 (0.24%) Kondor
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.24%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.12%) CSG Singleview
6 1 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.12%) FLEXCUBE
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.12%) StreamServe
6 1 (0.12%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 223 (27.13%) AWS
2 111 (13.50%) Azure
3 68 (8.27%) GitHub
4 40 (4.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 38 (4.62%) Datadog
6 35 (4.26%) GCP
7 33 (4.01%) AWS CloudFormation
8 27 (3.28%) Office 365
9 26 (3.16%) IaaS
10 25 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
10 25 (3.04%) Power Platform
11 19 (2.31%) OpenShift
11 19 (2.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 17 (2.07%) SaaS
13 16 (1.95%) Amazon S3
13 16 (1.95%) Microsoft Flow
13 16 (1.95%) PowerApps
14 15 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
14 15 (1.82%) Amazon ELB
15 14 (1.70%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 58 (7.06%) TCP/IP
2 56 (6.81%) DNS
3 52 (6.33%) HTTP
4 43 (5.23%) Firewall
4 43 (5.23%) Internet
5 41 (4.99%) WAN
6 35 (4.26%) VPN
7 34 (4.14%) SAN
8 32 (3.89%) SSL
9 28 (3.41%) BGP
10 26 (3.16%) LAN
11 19 (2.31%) DHCP
12 18 (2.19%) Intrusion Detection
13 17 (2.07%) NAS
13 17 (2.07%) SNMP
14 14 (1.70%) Multicast
15 13 (1.58%) Network Security
15 13 (1.58%) OSPF
16 11 (1.34%) DVB
17 10 (1.22%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (12.77%) MySQL
2 66 (8.03%) SQL Server
3 63 (7.66%) Relational Database
4 61 (7.42%) PostgreSQL
5 58 (7.06%) MongoDB
6 47 (5.72%) NoSQL
7 46 (5.60%) Hadoop
8 41 (4.99%) Oracle Database
9 38 (4.62%) RDBMS
10 34 (4.14%) Big Data
11 29 (3.53%) Data Warehouse
12 20 (2.43%) Apache Cassandra
13 19 (2.31%) Oracle Database 12c
14 18 (2.19%) Apache Hive
14 18 (2.19%) DB2
15 13 (1.58%) HBase
16 12 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 12 (1.46%) Data Mining
17 11 (1.34%) Redis
18 10 (1.22%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 186 (22.63%) Git (software)
2 182 (22.14%) Jenkins
3 120 (14.60%) JIRA
4 47 (5.72%) Sonatype Nexus
5 43 (5.23%) Maven
5 43 (5.23%) Selenium
6 32 (3.89%) Ant
6 32 (3.89%) Cucumber
7 31 (3.77%) Bitbucket
8 30 (3.65%) JUnit
8 30 (3.65%) Subversion
9 21 (2.55%) CA Gen
10 20 (2.43%) Eclipse
10 20 (2.43%) IntelliJ
11 17 (2.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 17 (2.07%) SonarQube
12 14 (1.70%) Vagrant
13 13 (1.58%) Gradle
13 13 (1.58%) TeamCity
14 12 (1.46%) ClearCase
General
1 144 (17.52%) Finance
2 78 (9.49%) Banking
3 32 (3.89%) Public Sector
4 29 (3.53%) Front Office
5 24 (2.92%) Investment Banking
6 20 (2.43%) Publishing
7 17 (2.07%) Telecoms
8 11 (1.34%) Financial Institution
8 11 (1.34%) Retail
9 8 (0.97%) Electronics
10 7 (0.85%) Law
10 7 (0.85%) Legal
11 6 (0.73%) Marketing
12 4 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
12 4 (0.49%) Social Science
13 3 (0.36%) Back Office
13 3 (0.36%) French Language
13 3 (0.36%) German Language
13 3 (0.36%) Greek Language
14 2 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 175 (21.29%) Developer
2 138 (16.79%) DevOps Engineer
3 65 (7.91%) Administrator
4 45 (5.47%) AWS Engineer
4 45 (5.47%) Cloud Engineer
5 43 (5.23%) Java Developer
6 42 (5.11%) Linux Engineer
7 38 (4.62%) Architect
8 34 (4.14%) DBA
9 33 (4.01%) Analyst
10 29 (3.53%) Systems Administrator
11 27 (3.28%) Consultant
11 27 (3.28%) Network Engineer
12 26 (3.16%) C++ Developer
13 25 (3.04%) AWS DevOps
13 25 (3.04%) Data Scientist
14 24 (2.92%) Data Engineer
15 23 (2.80%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 19 (2.31%) Lead DevOps
16 19 (2.31%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (12.41%) JSON
2 64 (7.79%) HTML
3 63 (7.66%) Node.js
4 61 (7.42%) Web Services
5 58 (7.06%) XML
6 57 (6.93%) RESTful
7 56 (6.81%) .NET
8 52 (6.33%) J2EE
9 45 (5.47%) CSS
10 44 (5.35%) Spring
11 42 (5.11%) LDAP
12 34 (4.14%) REST
13 33 (4.01%) AngularJS
13 33 (4.01%) SOAP
14 30 (3.65%) HTML5
15 28 (3.41%) LAMP
15 28 (3.41%) Middleware
15 28 (3.41%) Swagger
16 25 (3.04%) STL
17 20 (2.43%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 70 (8.52%) Analytical Skills
2 47 (5.72%) Data Centre
3 45 (5.47%) Linux Command Line
4 39 (4.74%) Management Information System
5 34 (4.14%) Replication
6 33 (4.01%) Public Cloud
7 31 (3.77%) Enterprise Cloud
8 30 (3.65%) Clustering
9 25 (3.04%) Equities
10 21 (2.55%) Derivative
11 19 (2.31%) Blog
11 19 (2.31%) Client/Server
11 19 (2.31%) Cyberthreat
12 18 (2.19%) Robotics
13 15 (1.82%) Embedded Systems
13 15 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
14 13 (1.58%) HACMP
15 12 (1.46%) User Experience
16 11 (1.34%) Algorithms
16 11 (1.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 498 (60.58%) Linux
2 278 (33.82%) Unix
3 186 (22.63%) Windows
4 137 (16.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 74 (9.00%) Solaris
6 37 (4.50%) Windows Server
7 36 (4.38%) Ubuntu
8 32 (3.89%) CentOS
9 23 (2.80%) Apple iOS
10 22 (2.68%) AIX
11 21 (2.55%) Android
12 15 (1.82%) HPUX
13 14 (1.70%) Windows Server 2008
14 13 (1.58%) Windows Server 2012
15 10 (1.22%) Debian
15 10 (1.22%) Mac OS X
15 10 (1.22%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 5 (0.61%) Windows Server 2003
17 4 (0.49%) SUSE
17 4 (0.49%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 278 (33.82%) DevOps
2 256 (31.14%) Agile Software Development
3 147 (17.88%) Configuration Management
4 103 (12.53%) Continuous Integration
4 103 (12.53%) ITIL
5 97 (11.80%) Open Source
6 92 (11.19%) Problem-Solving
7 83 (10.10%) Test Automation
8 82 (9.98%) Migration
9 78 (9.49%) Analytics
10 77 (9.37%) Continuous Delivery
11 76 (9.25%) Scrum
12 70 (8.52%) Computer Science
13 69 (8.39%) TDD
14 66 (8.03%) Kanban
15 57 (6.93%) Infrastructure as Code
16 54 (6.57%) Task Automation
17 50 (6.08%) SDLC
18 47 (5.72%) Software Engineering
19 43 (5.23%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 612 (74.45%) Python
2 277 (33.70%) Java
3 261 (31.75%) SQL
4 238 (28.95%) Bash Shell
5 207 (25.18%) Ruby
6 159 (19.34%) Shell Script
7 124 (15.09%) JavaScript
8 122 (14.84%) PowerShell
9 82 (9.98%) PHP
10 81 (9.85%) C++
11 55 (6.69%) PL/SQL
12 54 (6.57%) C
13 39 (4.74%) Groovy
14 38 (4.62%) Korn
15 36 (4.38%) Scala
16 35 (4.26%) C#
17 21 (2.55%) Go
18 19 (2.31%) R
19 15 (1.82%) Java 8
20 13 (1.58%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 130 (15.82%) Security Cleared
2 83 (10.10%) Degree
3 80 (9.73%) SC Cleared
4 34 (4.14%) AWS Certification
5 31 (3.77%) RHCE
6 28 (3.41%) ITIL Certification
7 23 (2.80%) Computer Science Degree
8 18 (2.19%) Cisco Certification
9 17 (2.07%) Master's Degree
10 15 (1.82%) Microsoft Certification
10 15 (1.82%) OCP
10 15 (1.82%) Oracle Certification
11 14 (1.70%) CCNP
11 14 (1.70%) MCSA
11 14 (1.70%) OCA
12 12 (1.46%) CISSP
12 12 (1.46%) DV Cleared
13 9 (1.09%) CISA
13 9 (1.09%) CISM
13 9 (1.09%) ISSMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (3.53%) QA
2 16 (1.95%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (1.82%) PCI DSS
4 14 (1.70%) NIST
5 13 (1.58%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 8 (0.97%) SLA
7 7 (0.85%) Data Quality
8 6 (0.73%) MiFID
9 5 (0.61%) COBIT
10 3 (0.36%) Cyber Essentials
10 3 (0.36%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.24%) GDPR
12 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.12%) GMP
12 1 (0.12%) NCSC
12 1 (0.12%) PSD2
System Software
1 143 (17.40%) Docker
2 68 (8.27%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (4.99%) Active Directory
4 30 (3.65%) Hyper-V
5 17 (2.07%) Oracle RAC
6 14 (1.70%) KVM
7 12 (1.46%) Samba
7 12 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (1.46%) VMware ESXi
8 11 (1.34%) NFS
9 10 (1.22%) Firmware
9 10 (1.22%) vSphere
10 9 (1.09%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 8 (0.97%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 7 (0.85%) VirtualBox
13 6 (0.73%) RACF
14 5 (0.61%) HDFS
14 5 (0.61%) oVirt
14 5 (0.61%) SRDF
14 5 (0.61%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 183 (22.26%) Puppet
2 166 (20.19%) Ansible
3 149 (18.13%) Opscode Chef
4 74 (9.00%) Terraform
5 70 (8.52%) Kubernetes
6 43 (5.23%) Nagios
6 43 (5.23%) Salt
7 36 (4.38%) Suricata
8 30 (3.65%) Grafana
9 26 (3.16%) Single Sign-On
10 21 (2.55%) Kibana
11 17 (2.07%) Data Guard
12 15 (1.82%) Oracle RMAN
13 10 (1.22%) ZABBIX
14 9 (1.09%) Avamar
14 9 (1.09%) NetBackup
15 8 (0.97%) Control-M
15 8 (0.97%) Mesos
15 8 (0.97%) Prometheus
15 8 (0.97%) SCCM
Vendors
1 158 (19.22%) Oracle
2 136 (16.55%) Red Hat
3 102 (12.41%) VMware
4 94 (11.44%) Microsoft
5 81 (9.85%) Splunk
6 57 (6.93%) HP
7 53 (6.45%) Sybase
8 49 (5.96%) Google
8 49 (5.96%) IBM
9 45 (5.47%) Cisco
10 43 (5.23%) EMC
11 38 (4.62%) ServiceNow
12 36 (4.38%) Qualys
13 32 (3.89%) Veritas
14 31 (3.77%) webMethods
15 28 (3.41%) Sun
16 24 (2.92%) 3PAR
16 24 (2.92%) Informatica
17 23 (2.80%) Pega
18 22 (2.68%) BMC