Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 178 143 144
Rank change year-on-year -35 +1 -6
Contract jobs citing Perl 1529 1940 1935
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.48% 1.84% 1.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.54% 4.57% 4.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 915 1232 1201
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £313
90th Percentile £650 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 23 37
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.11% -7.50% +14.29%
10th Percentile £34.63 £30.25 £29.28
90th Percentile £44.19 £57.05 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +8.11% -7.50% +14.29%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43210 42451 43594
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.91% 40.33% 38.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 30200 29151 29477
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £308 £283 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £370
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 801 886 1045
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +20.81%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.44 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.96% +0.67% +19.05%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Perl.

Contractor daily rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -48 1327 £475 +5.56% 209
UK excluding London +2 812 £425 +6.25% 123
London -76 693 £528 +11.05% 99
South East -34 231 £400 - 49
North of England -23 157 £425 +13.33% 27
Scotland +17 152 £425 +13.33% 7
Midlands +94 108 £450 - 7
East of England -3 101 £450 +4.65% 14
West Midlands +69 68 £550 +22.22% 5
North East +14 64 £364 +12.79% 3
Yorkshire -6 50 £500 +11.11% 6
North West -12 43 £450 +9.76% 18
East Midlands +29 38 £375 - 2
South West -42 34 £370 -7.50% 13
Northern Ireland -36 17 £525 +0.96% 2
Wales +25 14 £431 -36.11% 4

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 999 (65.34%) Linux
2 930 (60.82%) Python
3 737 (48.20%) Unix
4 504 (32.96%) Java
5 435 (28.45%) SQL
6 413 (27.01%) DevOps
7 404 (26.42%) Bash Shell
8 401 (26.23%) Finance
9 362 (23.68%) Oracle
10 330 (21.58%) Windows
10 330 (21.58%) Agile Software Development
11 329 (21.52%) Puppet
12 294 (19.23%) Red Hat
12 294 (19.23%) Ansible
13 291 (19.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 285 (18.64%) Ruby
15 267 (17.46%) Jenkins
16 266 (17.40%) Git (software)
17 264 (17.27%) Shell Script
18 259 (16.94%) Configuration Management
19 236 (15.43%) Amazon AWS
20 234 (15.30%) Opscode Chef
21 221 (14.45%) Banking
22 208 (13.60%) Docker
23 196 (12.82%) Firewall
24 188 (12.30%) Relational Database
25 183 (11.97%) TCP/IP
25 183 (11.97%) Korn
26 175 (11.45%) Solaris
27 174 (11.38%) Sybase

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 167 (10.92%) Apache
2 128 (8.37%) JBoss
3 114 (7.46%) Tomcat
4 70 (4.58%) WebLogic
5 68 (4.45%) Confluence
6 55 (3.60%) IIS
7 50 (3.27%) nginx
8 45 (2.94%) OpenStack
9 42 (2.75%) WebSphere
10 39 (2.55%) Apache Spark
11 34 (2.22%) MQSeries
12 29 (1.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 23 (1.50%) SAS
14 22 (1.44%) Apache Solr
15 21 (1.37%) WebSphere Application Server
16 20 (1.31%) Elasticsearch
16 20 (1.31%) iPlanet
17 19 (1.24%) Cloud Foundry
18 18 (1.18%) Oracle Application Server
19 15 (0.98%) CICS
Applications
1 48 (3.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (2.49%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (1.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.65%) Pipeline Pilot
5 8 (0.52%) Doxygen
6 7 (0.46%) SmartSuite
7 6 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.26%) SPSS
9 3 (0.20%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.13%) Simulink
11 1 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 27 (1.77%) SAP ERP
2 10 (0.65%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 7 (0.46%) ION MarketView
4 6 (0.39%) RMDS
5 5 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
5 5 (0.33%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 5 (0.33%) Kondor
6 3 (0.20%) Summit
7 2 (0.13%) SimCorp Dimension
8 1 (0.065%) Exstream
8 1 (0.065%) Infor M3
8 1 (0.065%) IntelliMatch
8 1 (0.065%) Magento
8 1 (0.065%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.065%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.065%) Oracle iProcurement
8 1 (0.065%) Relativity
8 1 (0.065%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.065%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 236 (15.43%) Amazon AWS
2 88 (5.76%) Microsoft Azure
3 53 (3.47%) GitHub
4 41 (2.68%) Cloud Computing
5 35 (2.29%) AWS CloudFormation
5 35 (2.29%) PaaS
6 34 (2.22%) OpenShift
7 30 (1.96%) Amazon EC2
8 28 (1.83%) IaaS
9 18 (1.18%) Google Cloud Platform
10 14 (0.92%) Amazon S3
10 14 (0.92%) Slack
11 12 (0.78%) Amazon ELB
12 11 (0.72%) SaaS
13 9 (0.59%) Google Analytics
14 6 (0.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 6 (0.39%) Bluemix
14 6 (0.39%) Google Container Engine
14 6 (0.39%) IBM Cloud
14 6 (0.39%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 196 (12.82%) Firewall
2 183 (11.97%) TCP/IP
3 155 (10.14%) DNS
4 103 (6.74%) HTTP
5 87 (5.69%) LDAP
6 78 (5.10%) SSL
7 75 (4.91%) SAN
8 64 (4.19%) Internet
9 59 (3.86%) SSH
10 55 (3.60%) WAN
11 54 (3.53%) Network Security
11 54 (3.53%) VPN
12 39 (2.55%) NAS
13 37 (2.42%) DHCP
14 35 (2.29%) LAN
15 27 (1.77%) FTP
16 26 (1.70%) Wireless
17 25 (1.64%) IPsec
18 24 (1.57%) BGP
19 23 (1.50%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 188 (12.30%) Relational Database
2 82 (5.36%) MySQL
2 82 (5.36%) RDBMS
3 77 (5.04%) SQL Server
4 74 (4.84%) DB2
5 70 (4.58%) Oracle Database
6 69 (4.51%) MongoDB
7 67 (4.38%) NoSQL
8 62 (4.05%) Big Data
9 40 (2.62%) PostgreSQL
10 35 (2.29%) Hadoop
11 32 (2.09%) Sybase ASE
12 20 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
13 19 (1.24%) Data Mining
14 18 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
15 17 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
16 16 (1.05%) KDB
17 15 (0.98%) Oracle Database 12c
17 15 (0.98%) Oracle Exadata
18 14 (0.92%) Redis
Development Applications
1 267 (17.46%) Jenkins
2 266 (17.40%) Git (software)
3 134 (8.76%) JIRA
4 127 (8.31%) Subversion
5 120 (7.85%) Maven
6 54 (3.53%) Sonatype Nexus
7 52 (3.40%) Ant
8 49 (3.20%) Selenium
9 42 (2.75%) JUnit
10 41 (2.68%) TeamCity
11 38 (2.49%) Cucumber
12 29 (1.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 29 (1.90%) GitLab
13 25 (1.64%) Gradle
14 22 (1.44%) Bitbucket
15 20 (1.31%) SpecFlow
16 19 (1.24%) SonarQube
17 17 (1.11%) JMeter
17 17 (1.11%) Vagrant
18 14 (0.92%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 401 (26.23%) Finance
2 221 (14.45%) Banking
3 95 (6.21%) Investment Banking
4 91 (5.95%) Front Office
5 46 (3.01%) Telecoms
6 36 (2.35%) Financial Institution
7 17 (1.11%) Marketing
7 17 (1.11%) Publishing
8 16 (1.05%) Games
8 16 (1.05%) Retail
9 15 (0.98%) Law
10 11 (0.72%) Back Office
10 11 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
11 8 (0.52%) Legal
11 8 (0.52%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.20%) Automotive
12 3 (0.20%) Electronics
12 3 (0.20%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.13%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.13%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 313 (20.47%) Developer
2 240 (15.70%) DevOps Engineer
3 139 (9.09%) Linux Engineer
4 132 (8.63%) Administrator
5 109 (7.13%) Analyst
6 101 (6.61%) Consultant
7 86 (5.62%) Systems Administrator
8 76 (4.97%) Unix Engineer
9 71 (4.64%) Java Developer
10 65 (4.25%) Cloud Engineer
11 64 (4.19%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 53 (3.47%) AWS Engineer
13 49 (3.20%) Architect
14 47 (3.07%) AWS DevOps
14 47 (3.07%) Linux Administrator
14 47 (3.07%) Linux DevOps Engineer
15 45 (2.94%) DBA
16 41 (2.68%) Perl Developer
17 40 (2.62%) Linux Systems Administrator
17 40 (2.62%) Unix Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (9.42%) Middleware
2 141 (9.22%) XML
3 117 (7.65%) Web Services
4 114 (7.46%) HTML
5 101 (6.61%) .NET
6 95 (6.21%) J2EE
7 71 (4.64%) Spring
8 63 (4.12%) JSON
9 55 (3.60%) CSS
10 51 (3.34%) RESTful
11 45 (2.94%) Elastic Stack
11 45 (2.94%) REST
12 42 (2.75%) Ajax
13 41 (2.68%) FIX Protocol
14 39 (2.55%) JMS
14 39 (2.55%) SOAP
15 38 (2.49%) Node.js
16 36 (2.35%) jQuery
17 35 (2.29%) Kafka
17 35 (2.29%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 140 (9.16%) Analytical Skills
2 97 (6.34%) Data Centre
3 90 (5.89%) Computer Science
4 60 (3.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 58 (3.79%) Clustering
6 48 (3.14%) Equities
7 42 (2.75%) Enterprise Software
7 42 (2.75%) Public Cloud
8 37 (2.42%) Greenfield Project
8 37 (2.42%) PKI
9 35 (2.29%) Derivative
9 35 (2.29%) Replication
10 34 (2.22%) Management Information System
11 26 (1.70%) SWIFT
12 25 (1.64%) Fixed Income
13 24 (1.57%) Client/Server
14 19 (1.24%) Mainframe
15 17 (1.11%) Linux Command Line
16 15 (0.98%) Fintech
16 15 (0.98%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 999 (65.34%) Linux
2 737 (48.20%) Unix
3 330 (21.58%) Windows
4 291 (19.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 175 (11.45%) Solaris
6 96 (6.28%) CentOS
7 77 (5.04%) Windows Server
8 72 (4.71%) AIX
9 41 (2.68%) Windows Server 2008
10 36 (2.35%) HPUX
11 33 (2.16%) SUSE
11 33 (2.16%) Ubuntu
12 32 (2.09%) Windows Server 2012
13 15 (0.98%) Mac OS X
13 15 (0.98%) Windows XP
14 14 (0.92%) zOS
15 12 (0.78%) Debian
16 10 (0.65%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 10 (0.65%) Windows 2000 Server
17 8 (0.52%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 413 (27.01%) DevOps
2 330 (21.58%) Agile Software Development
3 259 (16.94%) Configuration Management
4 170 (11.12%) Continuous Integration
5 143 (9.35%) ITIL
6 135 (8.83%) Test Automation
7 123 (8.04%) SDLC
8 121 (7.91%) Mentoring
8 121 (7.91%) Open Source
9 109 (7.13%) Continuous Delivery
10 99 (6.47%) Disaster Recovery
11 98 (6.41%) Load Balancing
12 88 (5.76%) OO
13 85 (5.56%) Project Management
14 84 (5.49%) Migration
15 77 (5.04%) High Availability
16 74 (4.84%) Scrum
17 72 (4.71%) Software Engineering
18 69 (4.51%) TDD
19 67 (4.38%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 930 (60.82%) Python
2 504 (32.96%) Java
3 435 (28.45%) SQL
4 404 (26.42%) Bash Shell
5 285 (18.64%) Ruby
6 264 (17.27%) Shell Script
7 183 (11.97%) Korn
8 169 (11.05%) C++
9 161 (10.53%) JavaScript
10 125 (8.18%) PowerShell
11 119 (7.78%) PHP
12 112 (7.33%) C#
13 111 (7.26%) C
14 67 (4.38%) PL/SQL
15 37 (2.42%) T-SQL
16 36 (2.35%) C-shell
16 36 (2.35%) Scala
17 32 (2.09%) AWK
18 31 (2.03%) VBA
19 27 (1.77%) Go
Qualifications
1 164 (10.73%) Security Cleared
2 106 (6.93%) SC Cleared
3 101 (6.61%) Degree
4 45 (2.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 33 (2.16%) CISSP
6 28 (1.83%) AWS Certification
7 26 (1.70%) DV Cleared
8 20 (1.31%) RHCE
9 17 (1.11%) SANS
10 16 (1.05%) CEH
11 13 (0.85%) PhD
12 11 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
12 11 (0.72%) RHCSA
13 10 (0.65%) CCNP
13 10 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
14 8 (0.52%) GIAC
14 8 (0.52%) Master's Degree
14 8 (0.52%) RHCA
15 6 (0.39%) CCNA
15 6 (0.39%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (4.45%) QA
2 20 (1.31%) MiFID
3 11 (0.72%) Disclosure Scotland
3 11 (0.72%) PCI DSS
4 8 (0.52%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.33%) SLA
6 3 (0.20%) EMIR
7 2 (0.13%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 2 (0.13%) CDISC
7 2 (0.13%) DO-254
7 2 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.13%) GCP
7 2 (0.13%) GxP
7 2 (0.13%) HL7
7 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.065%) GPG for Computer-Based Electronic Evidence
8 1 (0.065%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.065%) JTAG
8 1 (0.065%) MISRA
System Software
1 208 (13.60%) Docker
2 73 (4.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 65 (4.25%) Active Directory
4 61 (3.99%) Virtual Machines
5 51 (3.34%) NFS
6 45 (2.94%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 38 (2.49%) Samba
8 34 (2.22%) Xen
9 30 (1.96%) Hyper-V
10 25 (1.64%) KVM
11 22 (1.44%) VMware ESXi
12 18 (1.18%) Oracle RAC
12 18 (1.18%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 14 (0.92%) Job Entry Subsystem
13 14 (0.92%) RACF
13 14 (0.92%) Time Sharing Option
14 13 (0.85%) Firmware
14 13 (0.85%) Veritas File System
15 10 (0.65%) iptables
15 10 (0.65%) LXC
Systems Management
1 329 (21.52%) Puppet
2 294 (19.23%) Ansible
3 234 (15.30%) Opscode Chef
4 72 (4.71%) Kubernetes
5 65 (4.25%) Terraform
6 56 (3.66%) Nagios
7 38 (2.49%) ZABBIX
8 34 (2.22%) NetBackup
9 33 (2.16%) Packer
10 24 (1.57%) Grafana
11 23 (1.50%) SCCM
12 22 (1.44%) logstash
13 21 (1.37%) ITRS Geneos
13 21 (1.37%) Red Hat Satellite
14 19 (1.24%) Kibana
15 18 (1.18%) Control-M
16 17 (1.11%) Salt
17 16 (1.05%) BladeLogic
17 16 (1.05%) Tivoli
18 15 (0.98%) Red Hat Spacewalk
Vendors
1 362 (23.68%) Oracle
2 294 (19.23%) Red Hat
3 174 (11.38%) Sybase
4 115 (7.52%) VMware
5 113 (7.39%) Splunk
6 109 (7.13%) IBM
7 104 (6.80%) Microsoft
8 89 (5.82%) Sun
9 85 (5.56%) Cisco
10 73 (4.77%) HP
11 62 (4.05%) Veritas
12 56 (3.66%) F5
13 53 (3.47%) SAP
14 43 (2.81%) AppDynamics
15 38 (2.49%) Google
16 35 (2.29%) EMC
17 33 (2.16%) CA
18 26 (1.70%) NetApp
19 25 (1.64%) Atlassian
19 25 (1.64%) Symantec