Period
to 17 September 2021

The median contractor rate for a Senior Developer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Senior Developer
UK
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 102 101 99
Rank change year-on-year -1 -2 -8
Contract jobs requiring a Senior Developer 1,944 736 2,155
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.45% 2.44% 2.41%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.63% 2.64% 2.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,454 540 1,575
10th Percentile £413 £413 £400
25th Percentile £463 £463 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £541 £525
Median % change year-on-year +1.62% +3.10% -
75th Percentile £648 £655 £619
90th Percentile £701 £750 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -2.50% +11.11% -1.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 3 9
10th Percentile £19.44 £40.25 £25.00
25th Percentile £31.87 £40.63 £41.00
Median hourly rate £48.25 £42.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +13.53% -15.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £51.63 £48.75 £57.50
90th Percentile £60.01 £51.75 £60.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.13 £47.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -11.32% -5.00% +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 73,923 27,886 84,291
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.16% 92.51% 94.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,075 18,612 56,346
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £405 £365 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £570
90th Percentile £688 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £432 £425
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.65% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,056 938 2,785
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.50 £14.25 £13.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.89 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year -8.64% +15.22% +8.57%
75th Percentile £44.69 £43.75 £43.25
90th Percentile £60.98 £54.21 £52.17
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.91 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -10.45% +14.29% -

Senior Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Senior Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Senior Developer in the UK

Senior Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Senior Developer.

Daily rate trend for Senior Developer in the UK

Senior Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Senior Developer over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Senior Developer in the UK

Senior Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Senior Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Senior Developer in the UK

Senior Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Senior Developer over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Senior Developer in the UK

Senior Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Senior Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 1,578 £565 +2.73% 994
London 0 1,154 £600 - 468
Work from Home -11 528 £528 +5.60% 260
UK excluding London -26 419 £488 -2.50% 602
North of England -4 95 £525 +10.53% 175
South East -50 89 £486 +2.26% 129
Scotland -40 61 £481 +13.24% 55
South West -22 54 £450 -14.29% 50
North West -15 50 £523 +7.18% 104
East of England -44 43 £540 +3.85% 58
Midlands -45 38 £495 +15.65% 110
Yorkshire -25 33 £463 +2.78% 50
Northern Ireland +10 30 £475 +10.21% 7
West Midlands -41 28 £498 +16.24% 73
North East -5 12 £625 +38.89% 21
Wales -16 9 £563 +32.35% 18
East Midlands -31 9 £419 +11.67% 36

Senior Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, Senior Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Senior Developer in the job title.

1 869 (44.70%) Agile Software Development
2 750 (38.58%) Java
3 615 (31.64%) JavaScript
4 463 (23.82%) Finance
5 459 (23.61%) React
6 448 (23.05%) Microservices
7 426 (21.91%) TDD
8 379 (19.50%) SQL
9 376 (19.34%) HTML
10 372 (19.14%) Azure
11 359 (18.47%) AWS
12 349 (17.95%) CSS
13 338 (17.39%) Spring
14 331 (17.03%) Git (software)
15 312 (16.05%) .NET
16 310 (15.95%) Social Skills
17 309 (15.90%) DevOps
18 298 (15.33%) Banking
19 287 (14.76%) REST
20 284 (14.61%) Docker
21 269 (13.84%) Scrum
22 264 (13.58%) Kubernetes
23 255 (13.12%) Node.js
24 254 (13.07%) Test Automation
25 252 (12.96%) AngularJS
26 250 (12.86%) C#
27 237 (12.19%) Jenkins
27 237 (12.19%) RESTful
28 234 (12.04%) TypeScript
29 232 (11.93%) Software Engineering

Senior Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (2.47%) Confluence
2 47 (2.42%) Apache Spark
3 45 (2.31%) CMS
4 39 (2.01%) Apache
5 34 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
6 22 (1.13%) Mule
7 21 (1.08%) JBoss
8 16 (0.82%) WordPress
9 15 (0.77%) Oracle Coherence
9 15 (0.77%) Red Hat Fuse
9 15 (0.77%) Tomcat
10 14 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
11 11 (0.57%) WebLogic
12 10 (0.51%) SharePoint
13 9 (0.46%) Appian
14 8 (0.41%) Headless CMS
14 8 (0.41%) IIS
14 8 (0.41%) Jetty
14 8 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 7 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 13 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 8 (0.41%) Chatbot
4 8 (0.41%) InVision
4 8 (0.41%) Sketch
5 4 (0.21%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.15%) Figma
6 3 (0.15%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.10%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 13 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.62%) Magento
3 6 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
4 5 (0.26%) ION MarketView
4 5 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.15%) Temenos T24
7 2 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.10%) Hyperion Planning
7 2 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.10%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.10%) SAP HCM
7 2 (0.10%) SunGard Martini
8 1 (0.051%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.051%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.051%) Infor M3
8 1 (0.051%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.051%) SAP Business ByDesign
8 1 (0.051%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 372 (19.14%) Azure
2 359 (18.47%) AWS
3 131 (6.74%) Serverless
4 107 (5.50%) GCP
5 83 (4.27%) GitHub
6 75 (3.86%) AWS Lambda
7 43 (2.21%) Power Platform
8 37 (1.90%) OpenShift
9 36 (1.85%) PaaS
10 28 (1.44%) Azure Functions
11 27 (1.39%) Azure Service Bus
12 26 (1.34%) GitHub Actions
12 26 (1.34%) SaaS
13 25 (1.29%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 21 (1.08%) Amazon SQS
14 21 (1.08%) Cloud Computing
15 20 (1.03%) npm
16 19 (0.98%) Amazon ECS
17 17 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
18 16 (0.82%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 40 (2.06%) HTTP
2 33 (1.70%) Internet
3 31 (1.59%) TCP/IP
4 28 (1.44%) SSL
5 4 (0.21%) AMQP
5 4 (0.21%) BGP
5 4 (0.21%) FTP
5 4 (0.21%) Intranet
5 4 (0.21%) Modbus
6 3 (0.15%) Broadband
6 3 (0.15%) HTTPS
6 3 (0.15%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.10%) 2G
7 2 (0.10%) DNS
7 2 (0.10%) ICMP
7 2 (0.10%) VPN
8 1 (0.051%) DVB
8 1 (0.051%) Firewall
8 1 (0.051%) Network Security
8 1 (0.051%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 168 (8.64%) SQL Server
2 123 (6.33%) MongoDB
3 114 (5.86%) Relational Database
4 110 (5.66%) NoSQL
5 106 (5.45%) PostgreSQL
6 85 (4.37%) MySQL
7 63 (3.24%) Redis
8 53 (2.73%) Big Data
8 53 (2.73%) Oracle Database
9 49 (2.52%) Hazelcast
10 39 (2.01%) Power BI
11 36 (1.85%) Apache Cassandra
11 36 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
12 34 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 25 (1.29%) RDBMS
14 23 (1.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 21 (1.08%) Azure SQL Database
16 20 (1.03%) Hadoop
17 17 (0.87%) DB2
17 17 (0.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 331 (17.03%) Git (software)
2 237 (12.19%) Jenkins
3 133 (6.84%) Maven
4 102 (5.25%) JIRA
5 81 (4.17%) JUnit
6 69 (3.55%) TeamCity
7 60 (3.09%) Bitbucket
8 49 (2.52%) GitLab
9 48 (2.47%) Cucumber
10 45 (2.31%) webpack
11 44 (2.26%) Gradle
12 42 (2.16%) Mockito
13 39 (2.01%) Selenium
14 36 (1.85%) Cypress.io
15 35 (1.80%) Subversion
16 33 (1.70%) CircleCI
17 30 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 30 (1.54%) Jasmine
18 28 (1.44%) Visual Studio
19 27 (1.39%) Artifactory
General
1 463 (23.82%) Finance
2 310 (15.95%) Social Skills
3 298 (15.33%) Banking
4 129 (6.64%) Investment Banking
5 114 (5.86%) Front Office
6 102 (5.25%) Analytical Skills
7 85 (4.37%) Public Sector
8 50 (2.57%) Retail
9 38 (1.95%) Telecoms
10 28 (1.44%) Marketing
11 23 (1.18%) Games
12 22 (1.13%) Financial Institution
13 21 (1.08%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 19 (0.98%) Presentation Skills
15 14 (0.72%) Back Office
16 12 (0.62%) Manufacturing
17 10 (0.51%) Organisational Skills
18 9 (0.46%) Publishing
19 8 (0.41%) Advertising
19 8 (0.41%) Electronics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 459 (23.61%) React
2 376 (19.34%) HTML
3 349 (17.95%) CSS
4 338 (17.39%) Spring
5 312 (16.05%) .NET
6 287 (14.76%) REST
7 255 (13.12%) Node.js
8 252 (12.96%) AngularJS
9 237 (12.19%) RESTful
10 231 (11.88%) Spring Boot
11 191 (9.83%) Redux
12 171 (8.80%) Web Services
13 144 (7.41%) HTML5
14 139 (7.15%) Kafka
15 117 (6.02%) JSON
16 109 (5.61%) .NET Core
17 102 (5.25%) ASP.NET
18 93 (4.78%) .NET Framework
19 85 (4.37%) XML
20 75 (3.86%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 135 (6.94%) User Experience
2 119 (6.12%) Greenfield Project
3 96 (4.94%) Data Structures
4 82 (4.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 81 (4.17%) Derivative
6 72 (3.70%) Algorithms
7 66 (3.40%) Mobile App
8 63 (3.24%) Fixed Income
9 30 (1.54%) Market Risk
10 29 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
11 28 (1.44%) Cloud Native
12 24 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
13 21 (1.08%) Virtual Team
14 20 (1.03%) Hedge funds
14 20 (1.03%) Legacy Systems
14 20 (1.03%) Management Information System
15 19 (0.98%) Equities
16 18 (0.93%) Data Protection Act
17 15 (0.77%) NHS
18 13 (0.67%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 164 (8.44%) Linux
2 80 (4.12%) Apple iOS
3 78 (4.01%) Unix
4 70 (3.60%) Android
5 66 (3.40%) Windows
6 7 (0.36%) tvOS
7 6 (0.31%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.26%) Mac OS
8 5 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.21%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.10%) AIX
11 2 (0.10%) VxWorks
12 1 (0.051%) Android TV
12 1 (0.051%) Debian
12 1 (0.051%) Solaris
12 1 (0.051%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 869 (44.70%) Agile Software Development
2 448 (23.05%) Microservices
3 426 (21.91%) TDD
4 309 (15.90%) DevOps
5 269 (13.84%) Scrum
6 254 (13.07%) Test Automation
7 232 (11.93%) Software Engineering
8 209 (10.75%) Full Stack Development
9 193 (9.93%) Continuous Integration
10 184 (9.47%) Front End Development
11 167 (8.59%) BDD
12 149 (7.66%) SDLC
12 149 (7.66%) Unit Testing
13 148 (7.61%) MVC
14 143 (7.36%) Multithreading
15 135 (6.94%) Problem-Solving
16 120 (6.17%) OO
17 119 (6.12%) Mentoring
18 106 (5.45%) Pair Programming
19 98 (5.04%) API Design
Programming Languages
1 750 (38.58%) Java
2 615 (31.64%) JavaScript
3 379 (19.50%) SQL
4 250 (12.86%) C#
5 234 (12.04%) TypeScript
6 221 (11.37%) Python
7 196 (10.08%) Java 8
8 144 (7.41%) Scala
9 74 (3.81%) Kotlin
10 72 (3.70%) ES6
11 70 (3.60%) PL/SQL
12 62 (3.19%) Java 11
13 60 (3.09%) PHP
14 55 (2.83%) Apple Swift
15 51 (2.62%) C++
16 46 (2.37%) Go
17 42 (2.16%) Ruby
18 33 (1.70%) Haskell
19 31 (1.59%) Bash Shell
20 29 (1.49%) C
Qualifications
1 92 (4.73%) Degree
1 92 (4.73%) Security Cleared
2 84 (4.32%) SC Cleared
3 44 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
4 19 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
5 8 (0.41%) OCPJP
5 8 (0.41%) Sun Certification
6 7 (0.36%) ISTQB
7 6 (0.31%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.15%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.10%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.10%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.10%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.051%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (2.73%) QA
2 46 (2.37%) Accessibility
3 10 (0.51%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.31%) GDPR
4 6 (0.31%) WCAG
5 4 (0.21%) COREP
5 4 (0.21%) FINREP
6 3 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.15%) GRC
7 2 (0.10%) IEC 61508
7 2 (0.10%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.10%) NCSC
8 1 (0.051%) HL7
8 1 (0.051%) ISO 15022
8 1 (0.051%) PMO
8 1 (0.051%) SLA
System Software
1 284 (14.61%) Docker
2 14 (0.72%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.26%) HDFS
4 3 (0.15%) Varnish
4 3 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.10%) Firmware
5 2 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 264 (13.58%) Kubernetes
2 57 (2.93%) Terraform
3 38 (1.95%) Ansible
4 36 (1.85%) Grafana
5 19 (0.98%) Prometheus
6 11 (0.57%) Puppet
7 9 (0.46%) Kibana
8 5 (0.26%) Control-M
8 5 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (0.21%) Packer
10 3 (0.15%) CloudHub
10 3 (0.15%) Consul
10 3 (0.15%) Graphite
10 3 (0.15%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.10%) Kubeflow
11 2 (0.10%) Rancher
12 1 (0.051%) HP Fortify
12 1 (0.051%) Marathon
12 1 (0.051%) RSA Archer
12 1 (0.051%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 231 (11.88%) Oracle
2 108 (5.56%) Microsoft
3 51 (2.62%) Salesforce.com
4 50 (2.57%) SAP
5 42 (2.16%) Google
6 29 (1.49%) Adobe
7 27 (1.39%) MuleSoft
8 18 (0.93%) Atlassian
9 15 (0.77%) ION Trading
9 15 (0.77%) Solace
10 13 (0.67%) IBM
10 13 (0.67%) ServiceNow
11 12 (0.62%) Apple
12 11 (0.57%) Splunk
12 11 (0.57%) TIBCO
13 9 (0.46%) Murex
14 8 (0.41%) Sitecore
14 8 (0.41%) Sun
14 8 (0.41%) Sybase
14 8 (0.41%) WorldPay