Period
to 1 August 2021

The median contractor rate for a Senior Developer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Senior Developer
UK > England
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 102 96 98
Rank change year-on-year -6 +2 -9
Contract jobs requiring a Senior Developer 1,443 801 2,082
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.52% 2.48% 2.50%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.71% 2.65% 2.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,089 595 1,578
10th Percentile £413 £425 £400
25th Percentile £475 £488 £460
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
75th Percentile £645 £668 £613
90th Percentile £700 £750 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £538 £525
% change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 1 5
10th Percentile " " £41.10
25th Percentile £34.00 £51.25 £41.25
Median hourly rate £48.25 £52.50 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year -8.10% -4.55% +22.22%
75th Percentile £51.63 £53.75 £57.50
90th Percentile £58.52 " £59.75
UK median hourly rate £42.13 £46.25 £55.00
% change year-on-year -8.92% -15.91% +22.22%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 53,312 30,172 78,701
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.11% 93.46% 94.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 37,021 20,390 53,211
10th Percentile £300 £263 £269
25th Percentile £400 £375 £370
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £690 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £467
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.71% +3.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,711 1,002 2,457
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.55 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.57 £14.30 £13.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.11 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year -0.55% +5.84% +7.28%
75th Percentile £43.00 £42.88 £43.75
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £52.20
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £20.07 £18.70
% change year-on-year -0.34% +7.31% +6.86%

Senior Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Senior Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Senior Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Senior Developer in England over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Senior Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Senior Developer in England over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Senior Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 1,052 £575 -2.13% 463
North of England +33 105 £545 +28.24% 218
South East -18 80 £510 +7.37% 141
North West +8 52 £525 +13.51% 140
South West -20 51 £438 -16.67% 66
Yorkshire -1 37 £540 +30.91% 59
Midlands -29 32 £475 +10.98% 116
West Midlands -23 26 £490 +5.60% 71
East of England -54 24 £520 +1.46% 58
North East +11 16 £625 +108.33% 19
East Midlands -18 6 £375 +51.52% 44
Senior Developer
UK

Senior Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, Senior Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Senior Developer in the job title.

1 609 (42.20%) Agile Software Development
2 567 (39.29%) Java
3 441 (30.56%) JavaScript
4 346 (23.98%) Finance
5 330 (22.87%) Microservices
6 313 (21.69%) React
7 311 (21.55%) TDD
8 282 (19.54%) SQL
9 274 (18.99%) HTML
10 269 (18.64%) AWS
11 265 (18.36%) Azure
12 258 (17.88%) Spring
13 250 (17.33%) Banking
14 245 (16.98%) Social Skills
15 242 (16.77%) DevOps
16 235 (16.29%) Docker
17 232 (16.08%) CSS
18 225 (15.59%) Kubernetes
19 224 (15.52%) Scrum
20 223 (15.45%) Git (software)
21 222 (15.38%) .NET
22 205 (14.21%) REST
23 189 (13.10%) AngularJS
23 189 (13.10%) Test Automation
23 189 (13.10%) C#
24 186 (12.89%) Node.js
25 180 (12.47%) Jenkins
26 178 (12.34%) RESTful
27 176 (12.20%) Oracle
28 167 (11.57%) Spring Boot

Senior Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (2.98%) Confluence
2 35 (2.43%) Apache Spark
3 27 (1.87%) Apache
4 23 (1.59%) CMS
5 22 (1.52%) Mule
6 20 (1.39%) Elasticsearch
7 19 (1.32%) Red Hat Fuse
8 15 (1.04%) Cloud Foundry
8 15 (1.04%) Oracle Coherence
8 15 (1.04%) WordPress
9 12 (0.83%) JBoss
10 9 (0.62%) Tomcat
11 8 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
11 8 (0.55%) Drupal
11 8 (0.55%) IIS
12 7 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 7 (0.49%) Appian
12 7 (0.49%) Jetty
13 6 (0.42%) Umbraco
14 5 (0.35%) SharePoint
Applications
1 10 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 7 (0.49%) InVision
3 7 (0.49%) Sketch
4 6 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.21%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.21%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.14%) Figma
Business Applications
1 11 (0.76%) Magento
2 7 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
3 5 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.35%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 3 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.21%) SunGard Martini
6 2 (0.14%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP HCM
7 1 (0.069%) Infor M3
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.069%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.069%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 269 (18.64%) AWS
2 265 (18.36%) Azure
3 110 (7.62%) Serverless
4 69 (4.78%) AWS Lambda
5 66 (4.57%) GCP
6 54 (3.74%) GitHub
7 36 (2.49%) OpenShift
8 31 (2.15%) Azure Service Bus
9 28 (1.94%) Power Platform
10 22 (1.52%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 21 (1.46%) PaaS
12 18 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
12 18 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
12 18 (1.25%) npm
13 17 (1.18%) Amazon SQS
14 16 (1.11%) Azure Functions
15 15 (1.04%) Amazon S3
15 15 (1.04%) Azure Logic Apps
16 13 (0.90%) SaaS
17 12 (0.83%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 32 (2.22%) SSL
2 31 (2.15%) TCP/IP
3 27 (1.87%) HTTP
4 22 (1.52%) Internet
5 5 (0.35%) HTTPS
6 4 (0.28%) AMQP
6 4 (0.28%) BGP
7 3 (0.21%) Broadband
7 3 (0.21%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.21%) POP3
7 3 (0.21%) SMTP
8 2 (0.14%) 2G
8 2 (0.14%) Firewall
8 2 (0.14%) ICMP
8 2 (0.14%) Intranet
8 2 (0.14%) Modbus
8 2 (0.14%) SSH
8 2 (0.14%) SWIFTNet
9 1 (0.069%) BIG-IP
9 1 (0.069%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 132 (9.15%) SQL Server
2 99 (6.86%) MongoDB
2 99 (6.86%) PostgreSQL
3 95 (6.58%) NoSQL
4 82 (5.68%) Relational Database
5 65 (4.50%) MySQL
6 61 (4.23%) Redis
7 44 (3.05%) Big Data
8 42 (2.91%) Hazelcast
9 32 (2.22%) Apache Cassandra
10 30 (2.08%) Oracle Database
11 29 (2.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 28 (1.94%) Power BI
13 24 (1.66%) Data Warehouse
14 19 (1.32%) Azure SQL Database
15 16 (1.11%) Couchbase
15 16 (1.11%) Flink
15 16 (1.11%) RDBMS
16 15 (1.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 11 (0.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 223 (15.45%) Git (software)
2 180 (12.47%) Jenkins
3 109 (7.55%) Maven
4 88 (6.10%) JIRA
5 57 (3.95%) JUnit
6 39 (2.70%) Bitbucket
7 37 (2.56%) Cucumber
8 36 (2.49%) TeamCity
9 33 (2.29%) webpack
10 31 (2.15%) Gradle
10 31 (2.15%) Visual Studio
11 28 (1.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 27 (1.87%) Mockito
13 26 (1.80%) Cypress.io
13 26 (1.80%) GitLab
14 25 (1.73%) Subversion
15 21 (1.46%) CircleCI
15 21 (1.46%) Selenium
16 20 (1.39%) Jasmine
17 19 (1.32%) gulp
General
1 346 (23.98%) Finance
2 250 (17.33%) Banking
3 245 (16.98%) Social Skills
4 127 (8.80%) Investment Banking
5 101 (7.00%) Front Office
6 51 (3.53%) Public Sector
7 46 (3.19%) Retail
8 41 (2.84%) Analytical Skills
9 26 (1.80%) Marketing
10 25 (1.73%) Telecoms
11 15 (1.04%) Financial Institution
12 14 (0.97%) Back Office
12 14 (0.97%) Presentation Skills
13 10 (0.69%) Manufacturing
14 9 (0.62%) Games
15 8 (0.55%) Organisational Skills
16 7 (0.49%) Electronics
16 7 (0.49%) Publishing
17 5 (0.35%) Documentation Skills
18 4 (0.28%) Advertising
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 313 (21.69%) React
2 274 (18.99%) HTML
3 258 (17.88%) Spring
4 232 (16.08%) CSS
5 222 (15.38%) .NET
6 205 (14.21%) REST
7 189 (13.10%) AngularJS
8 186 (12.89%) Node.js
9 178 (12.34%) RESTful
10 167 (11.57%) Spring Boot
11 121 (8.39%) Web Services
12 119 (8.25%) Redux
13 117 (8.11%) HTML5
14 115 (7.97%) Kafka
15 84 (5.82%) .NET Core
16 81 (5.61%) JSON
17 68 (4.71%) ASP.NET
18 59 (4.09%) .NET Framework
18 59 (4.09%) XML
19 54 (3.74%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 132 (9.15%) User Experience
2 97 (6.72%) Greenfield Project
3 65 (4.50%) Data Structures
4 64 (4.44%) Fixed Income
4 64 (4.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 62 (4.30%) Algorithms
6 59 (4.09%) Derivative
7 57 (3.95%) Mobile App
8 35 (2.43%) Market Risk
9 32 (2.22%) Enterprise Software
10 26 (1.80%) Cloud Native
11 21 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
12 16 (1.11%) Equities
13 15 (1.04%) Grid Computing
13 15 (1.04%) Legacy Systems
14 14 (0.97%) NHS
15 12 (0.83%) Credit Risk
15 12 (0.83%) Hedge funds
15 12 (0.83%) Management Information System
16 11 (0.76%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 149 (10.33%) Linux
2 73 (5.06%) Unix
3 61 (4.23%) Android
4 60 (4.16%) Apple iOS
5 45 (3.12%) Windows
6 7 (0.49%) Mac OS X
7 6 (0.42%) Mac OS
7 6 (0.42%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.35%) tvOS
9 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.14%) VxWorks
11 1 (0.069%) Amazon Linux
11 1 (0.069%) Android TV
11 1 (0.069%) Debian
11 1 (0.069%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.069%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.069%) Solaris
11 1 (0.069%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 609 (42.20%) Agile Software Development
2 330 (22.87%) Microservices
3 311 (21.55%) TDD
4 242 (16.77%) DevOps
5 224 (15.52%) Scrum
6 189 (13.10%) Test Automation
7 157 (10.88%) Software Engineering
8 153 (10.60%) Continuous Integration
9 149 (10.33%) Front End Development
10 138 (9.56%) Full Stack Development
11 116 (8.04%) BDD
12 112 (7.76%) Multithreading
12 112 (7.76%) MVC
13 111 (7.69%) Unit Testing
14 107 (7.42%) SDLC
15 104 (7.21%) Problem-Solving
16 101 (7.00%) Mentoring
17 96 (6.65%) OO
18 90 (6.24%) Pair Programming
19 75 (5.20%) API Design
Programming Languages
1 567 (39.29%) Java
2 441 (30.56%) JavaScript
3 282 (19.54%) SQL
4 189 (13.10%) C#
5 161 (11.16%) Python
6 158 (10.95%) TypeScript
7 156 (10.81%) Java 8
8 109 (7.55%) Scala
9 71 (4.92%) Kotlin
10 65 (4.50%) PL/SQL
11 62 (4.30%) C++
12 53 (3.67%) ES6
13 49 (3.40%) PHP
14 48 (3.33%) Java 11
15 38 (2.63%) Go
16 37 (2.56%) Apple Swift
17 36 (2.49%) C
18 32 (2.22%) Haskell
19 29 (2.01%) T-SQL
20 27 (1.87%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 68 (4.71%) Security Cleared
2 66 (4.57%) Degree
3 64 (4.44%) SC Cleared
4 31 (2.15%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.35%) ISTQB
7 4 (0.28%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.28%) OCPJP
7 4 (0.28%) Sun Certification
8 3 (0.21%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.14%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.14%) CFA
9 2 (0.14%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.069%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (3.12%) QA
2 34 (2.36%) Accessibility
3 6 (0.42%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.28%) COREP
4 4 (0.28%) FINREP
4 4 (0.28%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.21%) GRC
6 2 (0.14%) IEC 61508
6 2 (0.14%) ISO 15022
6 2 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.069%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.069%) GDPR
7 1 (0.069%) HL7
7 1 (0.069%) MiFID
7 1 (0.069%) PMO
System Software
1 235 (16.29%) Docker
2 14 (0.97%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.21%) HDFS
3 3 (0.21%) Varnish
3 3 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.14%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 225 (15.59%) Kubernetes
2 31 (2.15%) Terraform
3 28 (1.94%) Ansible
4 21 (1.46%) Grafana
5 13 (0.90%) Prometheus
6 7 (0.49%) Kibana
6 7 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
7 6 (0.42%) Puppet
8 4 (0.28%) Control-M
9 3 (0.21%) CloudHub
9 3 (0.21%) Graphite
9 3 (0.21%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.14%) Galera Cluster
10 2 (0.14%) Kubeflow
10 2 (0.14%) Rancher
11 1 (0.069%) Consul
11 1 (0.069%) Kiali
11 1 (0.069%) Marathon
11 1 (0.069%) RSA Archer
11 1 (0.069%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 176 (12.20%) Oracle
2 72 (4.99%) Microsoft
3 34 (2.36%) Salesforce.com
4 33 (2.29%) Google
4 33 (2.29%) SAP
5 32 (2.22%) MuleSoft
6 22 (1.52%) Atlassian
7 21 (1.46%) Adobe
8 15 (1.04%) IBM
8 15 (1.04%) ION Trading
9 14 (0.97%) ServiceNow
10 11 (0.76%) Solace
11 9 (0.62%) Splunk
11 9 (0.62%) TIBCO
12 8 (0.55%) Apple
12 8 (0.55%) DevExpress
12 8 (0.55%) WorldPay
13 6 (0.42%) Murex
13 6 (0.42%) Sybase
14 5 (0.35%) Bloomberg