Period
to 21 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Senior Developer was £575 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Senior Developer
UK > England
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 98 106 100
Rank change year-on-year +8 -6 -9
Contract jobs requiring a Senior Developer 1,690 656 1,943
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.50% 2.41% 2.50%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.67% 2.60% 2.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,298 468 1,405
10th Percentile £425 £406 £400
25th Percentile £495 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £663 £688 £625
90th Percentile £738 £763 £700
UK median daily rate £565 £540 £525
% change year-on-year +4.63% +2.86% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 4 7
10th Percentile £40.44 £44.25 £25.00
25th Percentile £44.88 £48.75 £33.13
Median hourly rate £48.27 £53.75 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -10.20% +7.50% +11.11%
75th Percentile £60.53 £56.56 £57.50
90th Percentile £68.04 £59.38 £63.70
UK median hourly rate £48.26 £53.75 £50.00
% change year-on-year -10.22% +7.50% +11.11%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 63,209 25,194 73,008
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.47% 92.54% 94.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,569 17,308 49,485
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £406 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,865 805 2,406
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.67 £14.00 £13.75
Median hourly rate £19.53 £22.00 £18.75
Median % change year-on-year -11.23% +17.36% +7.11%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £62.00 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £22.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -9.09% +15.79% +8.57%

Senior Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Senior Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Senior Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Senior Developer in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Senior Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Senior Developer in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Senior Developer in England

Senior Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Senior Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 1,238 £600 - 499
North of England -5 102 £520 +4.00% 224
South East -34 97 £475 - 125
North West -19 54 £500 - 144
South West -40 49 £450 -14.29% 64
East of England -43 45 £535 +3.63% 53
Midlands -43 44 £500 +33.33% 119
Yorkshire -26 35 £475 +5.56% 57
West Midlands -46 32 £525 +30.76% 79
North East -3 13 £625 +16.28% 23
East Midlands -32 11 £500 +33.33% 40
Senior Developer
UK

Senior Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, Senior Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Senior Developer in the job title.

1 737 (43.61%) Agile Software Development
2 694 (41.07%) Java
3 521 (30.83%) JavaScript
4 443 (26.21%) Finance
5 409 (24.20%) Microservices
6 389 (23.02%) TDD
7 375 (22.19%) React
8 332 (19.64%) Azure
9 317 (18.76%) AWS
10 304 (17.99%) SQL
11 301 (17.81%) HTML
12 287 (16.98%) Git (software)
13 281 (16.63%) CSS
14 280 (16.57%) Banking
14 280 (16.57%) DevOps
15 271 (16.04%) Spring
16 259 (15.33%) Social Skills
17 247 (14.62%) .NET
18 230 (13.61%) Scrum
19 228 (13.49%) Docker
20 225 (13.31%) RESTful
20 225 (13.31%) REST
21 220 (13.02%) Software Engineering
22 218 (12.90%) Node.js
22 218 (12.90%) Test Automation
23 213 (12.60%) Python
24 209 (12.37%) TypeScript
25 206 (12.19%) Kubernetes
26 202 (11.95%) Spring Boot
27 200 (11.83%) C#

Senior Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (2.96%) Confluence
2 42 (2.49%) CMS
3 38 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
4 31 (1.83%) Apache Spark
5 18 (1.07%) Apache
6 15 (0.89%) JBoss
7 14 (0.83%) Mule
7 14 (0.83%) WordPress
8 13 (0.77%) Tomcat
9 9 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 9 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
10 8 (0.47%) Jetty
10 8 (0.47%) Oracle Coherence
10 8 (0.47%) SharePoint
11 7 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
11 7 (0.41%) Headless CMS
11 7 (0.41%) WebLogic
12 6 (0.36%) Appian
13 5 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
13 5 (0.30%) nginx
Applications
1 16 (0.95%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.53%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 8 (0.47%) InVision
4 8 (0.47%) Sketch
5 3 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.18%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.12%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.059%) Figma
Business Applications
1 10 (0.59%) Magento
2 5 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.30%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.18%) Hyperion Planning
4 3 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.18%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.12%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.12%) SunGard Martini
6 1 (0.059%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.059%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.059%) Infor M3
6 1 (0.059%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.059%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.059%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.059%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.059%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.059%) VisionPLUS
Cloud Services
1 332 (19.64%) Azure
2 317 (18.76%) AWS
3 104 (6.15%) Serverless
4 103 (6.09%) GCP
5 69 (4.08%) GitHub
6 47 (2.78%) AWS Lambda
7 38 (2.25%) OpenShift
8 33 (1.95%) PaaS
8 33 (1.95%) Power Platform
9 31 (1.83%) npm
10 25 (1.48%) Azure Functions
11 24 (1.42%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 23 (1.36%) Amazon SQS
13 22 (1.30%) Azure Service Bus
13 22 (1.30%) SaaS
14 21 (1.24%) GitHub Actions
15 20 (1.18%) Amazon ECS
16 18 (1.07%) Yarn
17 17 (1.01%) Cloud Computing
18 16 (0.95%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.95%) HTTP
2 29 (1.72%) Internet
3 27 (1.60%) TCP/IP
4 24 (1.42%) SSL
5 4 (0.24%) AMQP
5 4 (0.24%) BGP
5 4 (0.24%) Intranet
6 3 (0.18%) Broadband
7 2 (0.12%) 2G
7 2 (0.12%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.12%) ICMP
7 2 (0.12%) Modbus
7 2 (0.12%) MQTT
7 2 (0.12%) VPN
8 1 (0.059%) DNS
8 1 (0.059%) DVB
8 1 (0.059%) Firewall
8 1 (0.059%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.059%) POP3
8 1 (0.059%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 134 (7.93%) SQL Server
2 107 (6.33%) Relational Database
3 102 (6.04%) NoSQL
4 95 (5.62%) MongoDB
5 85 (5.03%) PostgreSQL
6 77 (4.56%) MySQL
7 61 (3.61%) Redis
8 52 (3.08%) Hazelcast
9 45 (2.66%) Oracle Database
10 39 (2.31%) Big Data
11 38 (2.25%) Data Warehouse
12 31 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
13 30 (1.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 29 (1.72%) Power BI
15 26 (1.54%) Hadoop
15 26 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 23 (1.36%) RDBMS
17 21 (1.24%) Azure SQL Database
18 19 (1.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 15 (0.89%) HBase
Development Applications
1 287 (16.98%) Git (software)
2 191 (11.30%) Jenkins
3 121 (7.16%) Maven
4 100 (5.92%) JIRA
5 62 (3.67%) JUnit
6 54 (3.20%) Bitbucket
7 45 (2.66%) GitLab
8 44 (2.60%) Cucumber
8 44 (2.60%) webpack
9 42 (2.49%) Mockito
10 40 (2.37%) Gradle
10 40 (2.37%) Selenium
10 40 (2.37%) TeamCity
11 27 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 27 (1.60%) CircleCI
11 27 (1.60%) Mercurial
12 26 (1.54%) Subversion
13 25 (1.48%) Cypress.io
14 22 (1.30%) gulp
14 22 (1.30%) Jasmine
General
1 443 (26.21%) Finance
2 280 (16.57%) Banking
3 259 (15.33%) Social Skills
4 127 (7.51%) Investment Banking
5 107 (6.33%) Front Office
6 60 (3.55%) Analytical Skills
7 57 (3.37%) Public Sector
8 47 (2.78%) Retail
9 32 (1.89%) Marketing
9 32 (1.89%) Telecoms
10 25 (1.48%) Financial Institution
11 22 (1.30%) Games
12 14 (0.83%) Presentation Skills
13 13 (0.77%) Manufacturing
14 11 (0.65%) Electronics
15 10 (0.59%) Back Office
15 10 (0.59%) Law
16 8 (0.47%) Legal
16 8 (0.47%) Publishing
17 7 (0.41%) Organisational Skills
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 375 (22.19%) React
2 301 (17.81%) HTML
3 281 (16.63%) CSS
4 271 (16.04%) Spring
5 247 (14.62%) .NET
6 225 (13.31%) REST
6 225 (13.31%) RESTful
7 218 (12.90%) Node.js
8 202 (11.95%) Spring Boot
9 195 (11.54%) AngularJS
10 149 (8.82%) Redux
11 142 (8.40%) Web Services
12 118 (6.98%) HTML5
13 114 (6.75%) Kafka
14 97 (5.74%) JSON
15 80 (4.73%) ASP.NET
16 75 (4.44%) .NET Core
17 60 (3.55%) XML
18 59 (3.49%) .NET Framework
19 58 (3.43%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 135 (7.99%) User Experience
2 98 (5.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 93 (5.50%) Greenfield Project
4 92 (5.44%) Derivative
5 79 (4.67%) Data Structures
6 68 (4.02%) Algorithms
7 64 (3.79%) Fixed Income
8 54 (3.20%) Mobile App
9 28 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
9 28 (1.66%) Hedge funds
10 23 (1.36%) Data Protection Act
11 22 (1.30%) Equities
12 21 (1.24%) Cloud Native
12 21 (1.24%) Legacy Systems
13 20 (1.18%) Management Information System
14 18 (1.07%) Virtual Team
15 17 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
16 16 (0.95%) Market Risk
16 16 (0.95%) Video\Live Streaming
17 15 (0.89%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 144 (8.52%) Linux
2 79 (4.67%) Apple iOS
3 72 (4.26%) Unix
4 64 (3.79%) Android
5 53 (3.14%) Windows
6 8 (0.47%) tvOS
7 5 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.24%) Mac OS
8 4 (0.24%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.12%) Debian
10 2 (0.12%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.12%) VxWorks
11 1 (0.059%) Solaris
11 1 (0.059%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 737 (43.61%) Agile Software Development
2 409 (24.20%) Microservices
3 389 (23.02%) TDD
4 280 (16.57%) DevOps
5 230 (13.61%) Scrum
6 220 (13.02%) Software Engineering
7 218 (12.90%) Test Automation
8 180 (10.65%) Continuous Integration
9 170 (10.06%) Front End Development
10 161 (9.53%) Full Stack Development
11 155 (9.17%) BDD
12 137 (8.11%) Multithreading
13 136 (8.05%) SDLC
14 127 (7.51%) Unit Testing
15 114 (6.75%) Problem-Solving
16 111 (6.57%) Pair Programming
17 110 (6.51%) MVC
17 110 (6.51%) OO
18 109 (6.45%) Mentoring
19 95 (5.62%) API Design
Programming Languages
1 694 (41.07%) Java
2 521 (30.83%) JavaScript
3 304 (17.99%) SQL
4 213 (12.60%) Python
5 209 (12.37%) TypeScript
6 200 (11.83%) C#
7 196 (11.60%) Java 8
8 107 (6.33%) Scala
9 74 (4.38%) Java 11
10 70 (4.14%) PL/SQL
11 64 (3.79%) ES6
11 64 (3.79%) Kotlin
12 57 (3.37%) Apple Swift
13 54 (3.20%) PHP
14 40 (2.37%) C++
15 39 (2.31%) Go
16 37 (2.19%) Ruby
17 33 (1.95%) T-SQL
18 27 (1.60%) Bash Shell
18 27 (1.60%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 82 (4.85%) Security Cleared
2 71 (4.20%) SC Cleared
3 70 (4.14%) Degree
4 37 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.47%) ISTQB
6 8 (0.47%) OCPJP
6 8 (0.47%) Sun Certification
7 4 (0.24%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.18%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.12%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.12%) PhD
10 1 (0.059%) CFA
10 1 (0.059%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.059%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (2.90%) Accessibility
2 36 (2.13%) QA
3 8 (0.47%) GDPR
3 8 (0.47%) WCAG
4 5 (0.30%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.24%) COREP
5 4 (0.24%) FINREP
6 3 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.18%) GRC
7 2 (0.12%) IEC 61508
7 2 (0.12%) PMO
8 1 (0.059%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.059%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 228 (13.49%) Docker
2 6 (0.36%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.24%) HDFS
4 3 (0.18%) Varnish
5 2 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.12%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 206 (12.19%) Kubernetes
2 45 (2.66%) Terraform
3 39 (2.31%) Grafana
4 34 (2.01%) Ansible
5 28 (1.66%) Prometheus
6 7 (0.41%) Puppet
7 6 (0.36%) Control-M
8 5 (0.30%) Kibana
9 4 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.18%) Consul
10 3 (0.18%) Graphite
11 2 (0.12%) CloudHub
11 2 (0.12%) Kubeflow
11 2 (0.12%) Oozie
11 2 (0.12%) Rancher
12 1 (0.059%) Istio
12 1 (0.059%) Kiali
12 1 (0.059%) Marathon
12 1 (0.059%) PingFederate
Vendors
1 189 (11.18%) Oracle
2 74 (4.38%) Microsoft
3 47 (2.78%) Google
4 39 (2.31%) SAP
5 38 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
6 24 (1.42%) Adobe
7 19 (1.12%) Solace
8 16 (0.95%) ION Trading
8 16 (0.95%) MuleSoft
9 14 (0.83%) Apple
10 12 (0.71%) Atlassian
10 12 (0.71%) IBM
11 11 (0.65%) Hortonworks
12 9 (0.53%) Murex
12 9 (0.53%) ServiceNow
13 8 (0.47%) Informatica
13 8 (0.47%) Sun
14 7 (0.41%) webMethods
15 6 (0.36%) Bloomberg
15 6 (0.36%) BMC