Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 67 119 216
Rank change year-on-year +52 +97 +194
Permanent jobs citing Serverless 5,538 1,354 2,215
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.36% 2.73% 1.62%
As % of the Cloud Services category 10.04% 6.73% 5.03%
Number of salaries quoted 2,771 1,221 1,725
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £56,250 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +8.00%
75th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £86,250
90th Percentile £126,250 £122,500 £102,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 55,180 20,126 44,040
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.41% 40.55% 32.14%
Number of salaries quoted 38,378 17,112 36,389
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Salary trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +48 5,014 £77,500 +10.71% 627
London +35 3,396 £85,000 +6.25% 366
UK excluding London +46 1,668 £60,000 +9.09% 306
Work from Home +2 1,137 £72,500 +8.21% 152
South East +17 476 £60,000 -7.69% 52
North of England -6 435 £60,000 +20.00% 85
North West +18 250 £55,000 +4.76% 58
South West +42 218 £55,000 +6.60% 29
Midlands -21 216 £60,000 +9.09% 58
Yorkshire -34 165 £65,000 +30.00% 19
West Midlands -19 154 £60,000 +9.09% 34
East of England +12 152 £52,500 -12.50% 30
Scotland -24 99 £62,500 -3.85% 23
East Midlands -35 62 £50,000 - 24
Northern Ireland +6 50 £80,000 - 1
Wales -24 34 £40,823 -18.36% 28
North East -16 20 £47,500 - 8

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 4,151 (74.95%) AWS
2 3,051 (55.09%) Agile Software Development
3 2,623 (47.36%) AWS Lambda
4 2,294 (41.42%) DevOps
5 2,244 (40.52%) Python
6 2,141 (38.66%) JavaScript
7 2,058 (37.16%) Microservices
8 2,040 (36.84%) Software Engineering
9 1,989 (35.92%) Azure
10 1,937 (34.98%) React
11 1,929 (34.83%) Docker
12 1,765 (31.87%) Java
13 1,683 (30.39%) Node.js
14 1,623 (29.31%) Terraform
15 1,494 (26.98%) Kubernetes
16 1,391 (25.12%) Finance
17 1,332 (24.05%) TypeScript
18 1,243 (22.44%) Full Stack Development
19 1,240 (22.39%) SQL
20 1,134 (20.48%) GCP
21 1,133 (20.46%) Web Services
22 1,110 (20.04%) C#
23 1,090 (19.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
24 1,083 (19.56%) Amazon S3
25 1,040 (18.78%) Social Skills
26 1,002 (18.09%) .NET
27 988 (17.84%) TDD
28 940 (16.97%) Continuous Integration
29 930 (16.79%) Analytics
30 912 (16.47%) Test Automation

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 381 (6.88%) Elasticsearch
2 254 (4.59%) Apache
3 205 (3.70%) Apache Spark
3 205 (3.70%) Confluence
4 101 (1.82%) Apache Airflow
5 57 (1.03%) CMS
6 36 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
7 33 (0.60%) SharePoint
8 28 (0.51%) nginx
9 25 (0.45%) IIS
9 25 (0.45%) Tomcat
9 25 (0.45%) WordPress
10 23 (0.42%) WebLogic
11 20 (0.36%) JBoss
12 19 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
12 19 (0.34%) Drupal
13 18 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 15 (0.27%) Apache Solr
15 14 (0.25%) Umbraco
16 13 (0.23%) OpenStack
Applications
1 25 (0.45%) Chatbot
1 25 (0.45%) Figma
2 15 (0.27%) Sketch
3 12 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.090%) Adobe XD
6 3 (0.054%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.054%) InVision
6 3 (0.054%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.036%) Microsoft Office
7 2 (0.036%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.018%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.018%) Revit
Business Applications
1 40 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 35 (0.63%) Sentinel
3 21 (0.38%) Magento
4 13 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
5 8 (0.14%) Shopify
6 7 (0.13%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.090%) SDL Web 8
8 4 (0.072%) Summit
9 2 (0.036%) Maximo
10 1 (0.018%) FINCAD Analytics
10 1 (0.018%) Oracle Receivables
10 1 (0.018%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 4,151 (74.95%) AWS
2 2,623 (47.36%) AWS Lambda
3 1,989 (35.92%) Azure
4 1,134 (20.48%) GCP
5 1,083 (19.56%) Amazon S3
6 749 (13.52%) Amazon EC2
7 649 (11.72%) GitHub
8 612 (11.05%) Amazon ECS
9 608 (10.98%) AWS CloudFormation
10 563 (10.17%) Azure Functions
11 558 (10.08%) Amazon SQS
12 556 (10.04%) SaaS
13 369 (6.66%) AWS Step Functions
14 364 (6.57%) PaaS
15 308 (5.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 285 (5.15%) Amazon EKS
17 281 (5.07%) Cloud Computing
18 233 (4.21%) Amazon Kinesis
19 231 (4.17%) CloudFront
20 220 (3.97%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 174 (3.14%) HTTP
2 96 (1.73%) DNS
3 90 (1.63%) Firewall
4 59 (1.07%) Broadband
5 57 (1.03%) Internet
6 52 (0.94%) Cisco IPT
7 45 (0.81%) TCP/IP
8 38 (0.69%) VPN
9 34 (0.61%) SSL
10 23 (0.42%) Network Security
11 19 (0.34%) MQTT
12 17 (0.31%) WebEx
13 14 (0.25%) SMS
14 11 (0.20%) SSH
15 9 (0.16%) 5G
15 9 (0.16%) IPv6
15 9 (0.16%) RTSP
15 9 (0.16%) UPnP
16 7 (0.13%) HTTPS
16 7 (0.13%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,090 (19.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 688 (12.42%) PostgreSQL
3 634 (11.45%) Amazon RDS
4 619 (11.18%) NoSQL
5 565 (10.20%) SQL Server
6 539 (9.73%) MySQL
7 486 (8.78%) Big Data
8 404 (7.30%) MongoDB
9 361 (6.52%) Amazon Aurora
10 318 (5.74%) Redis
11 296 (5.34%) Amazon Athena
12 282 (5.09%) Relational Database
13 175 (3.16%) Amazon Redshift
14 160 (2.89%) Data Lake
15 136 (2.46%) Hadoop
16 132 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
17 105 (1.90%) Apache Ignite
18 97 (1.75%) Power BI
19 82 (1.48%) Azure SQL Database
20 67 (1.21%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 875 (15.80%) Jenkins
2 767 (13.85%) Git (software)
3 399 (7.20%) JIRA
4 347 (6.27%) GitLab
5 178 (3.21%) Cypress.io
6 159 (2.87%) Bitbucket
7 157 (2.83%) Selenium
8 136 (2.46%) webpack
9 123 (2.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 107 (1.93%) Octopus Deploy
11 105 (1.90%) TeamCity
12 95 (1.72%) SonarQube
13 91 (1.64%) Artifactory
14 87 (1.57%) CircleCI
15 85 (1.53%) Postman
16 82 (1.48%) JMeter
17 79 (1.43%) Maven
18 68 (1.23%) Cucumber
19 60 (1.08%) Storybook
20 59 (1.07%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,391 (25.12%) Finance
2 1,040 (18.78%) Social Skills
3 375 (6.77%) Banking
4 339 (6.12%) Retail
5 290 (5.24%) Front Office
6 267 (4.82%) Analytical Skills
7 195 (3.52%) Games
8 187 (3.38%) Marketing
9 182 (3.29%) Public Sector
10 132 (2.38%) Legal
11 116 (2.09%) Presentation Skills
12 99 (1.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 73 (1.32%) Manufacturing
14 70 (1.26%) Influencing Skills
15 60 (1.08%) Automotive
16 56 (1.01%) Organisational Skills
17 53 (0.96%) Law
18 51 (0.92%) Telecoms
19 44 (0.79%) Financial Institution
20 42 (0.76%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,125 (38.37%) Developer
2 1,286 (23.22%) Software Engineer
3 538 (9.71%) AWS Engineer
4 498 (8.99%) DevOps Engineer
5 457 (8.25%) Architect
6 455 (8.22%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 429 (7.75%) Senior Developer
8 383 (6.92%) Java Developer
9 360 (6.50%) Full Stack Developer
10 322 (5.81%) React Developer
11 315 (5.69%) Senior Software Engineer
12 276 (4.98%) Python Engineer
13 267 (4.82%) Cloud Engineer
14 256 (4.62%) AWS Developer
15 247 (4.46%) Data Engineer
16 246 (4.44%) AWS Software Engineer
17 210 (3.79%) Python Developer
18 205 (3.70%) .NET Developer
19 200 (3.61%) Solutions Architect
20 197 (3.56%) Python Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,937 (34.98%) React
2 1,683 (30.39%) Node.js
3 1,133 (20.46%) Web Services
4 1,002 (18.09%) .NET
5 830 (14.99%) REST
6 732 (13.22%) GraphQL
7 570 (10.29%) AngularJS
8 466 (8.41%) CSS
9 441 (7.96%) HTML
10 429 (7.75%) .NET Core
11 427 (7.71%) Spring
12 409 (7.39%) Kafka
13 404 (7.30%) RESTful
14 379 (6.84%) React Native
15 357 (6.45%) Vue.js
16 266 (4.80%) JSON
17 247 (4.46%) Middleware
18 240 (4.33%) Material-UI
19 232 (4.19%) Serverless Framework
20 215 (3.88%) Next.js
Miscellaneous
1 454 (8.20%) Cloud Native
2 410 (7.40%) User Experience
3 306 (5.53%) Mobile App
4 291 (5.25%) Public Cloud
5 283 (5.11%) Hedge funds
6 275 (4.97%) Greenfield Project
7 152 (2.74%) Algorithms
8 151 (2.73%) Derivative
9 150 (2.71%) Virtual Team
10 148 (2.67%) Pricing Data
11 147 (2.65%) Self-Motivation
12 125 (2.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 121 (2.18%) Equities
14 119 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
14 119 (2.15%) Management Information System
15 117 (2.11%) Fixed Income
16 114 (2.06%) Data Structures
17 93 (1.68%) Social Media
18 89 (1.61%) Legacy Systems
19 63 (1.14%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 495 (8.94%) Linux
2 396 (7.15%) Windows
3 168 (3.03%) Apple iOS
4 164 (2.96%) Android
5 151 (2.73%) Unix
6 50 (0.90%) Windows Server
7 47 (0.85%) Mac OS
8 34 (0.61%) Mesosphere
9 17 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 15 (0.27%) VMS
11 10 (0.18%) CentOS
11 10 (0.18%) Windows 10
12 8 (0.14%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.090%) Amazon Linux
13 5 (0.090%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.090%) Windows Server 2019
14 4 (0.072%) Debian
14 4 (0.072%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.036%) Windows NT
15 2 (0.036%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,051 (55.09%) Agile Software Development
2 2,294 (41.42%) DevOps
3 2,058 (37.16%) Microservices
4 2,040 (36.84%) Software Engineering
5 1,243 (22.44%) Full Stack Development
6 988 (17.84%) TDD
7 940 (16.97%) Continuous Integration
8 930 (16.79%) Analytics
9 912 (16.47%) Test Automation
10 815 (14.72%) Scrum
11 779 (14.07%) Infrastructure as Code
12 698 (12.60%) Mentoring
13 676 (12.21%) Problem-Solving
14 658 (11.88%) Asset Management
15 552 (9.97%) Artificial Intelligence
16 538 (9.71%) Event-Driven
17 516 (9.32%) Open Source
18 492 (8.88%) BDD
19 475 (8.58%) Data Science
20 468 (8.45%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,244 (40.52%) Python
2 2,141 (38.66%) JavaScript
3 1,765 (31.87%) Java
4 1,332 (24.05%) TypeScript
5 1,240 (22.39%) SQL
6 1,110 (20.04%) C#
7 494 (8.92%) Go
8 380 (6.86%) PowerShell
9 356 (6.43%) Scala
10 316 (5.71%) Bash Shell
11 292 (5.27%) PHP
12 247 (4.46%) Java 8
13 228 (4.12%) Kotlin
14 204 (3.68%) Ruby
15 137 (2.47%) C++
16 134 (2.42%) ES6
17 124 (2.24%) C
17 124 (2.24%) Clojure
18 94 (1.70%) Perl
19 90 (1.63%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 551 (9.95%) Degree
2 268 (4.84%) AWS Certification
3 265 (4.79%) Security Cleared
4 240 (4.33%) SC Cleared
5 159 (2.87%) Computer Science Degree
6 100 (1.81%) Microsoft Certification
7 68 (1.23%) Master's Degree
8 65 (1.17%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 65 (1.17%) Cisco Certification
9 60 (1.08%) CISSP
10 40 (0.72%) SANS
11 34 (0.61%) GCFA
11 34 (0.61%) GCFE
11 34 (0.61%) GCIA
11 34 (0.61%) GCIH
12 32 (0.58%) OCP
12 32 (0.58%) Oracle Certification
13 30 (0.54%) PhD
14 21 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
15 15 (0.27%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 472 (8.52%) QA
2 131 (2.37%) GDPR
3 89 (1.61%) Accessibility
4 36 (0.65%) Data Quality
5 20 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 19 (0.34%) GxP
7 16 (0.29%) NIST
7 16 (0.29%) PCI DSS
8 14 (0.25%) IASME
8 14 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 10 (0.18%) SLA
10 6 (0.11%) SOC 2
11 4 (0.072%) WCAG
12 3 (0.054%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.054%) IEC 62304
12 3 (0.054%) ISO 13485
13 2 (0.036%) CDISC
13 2 (0.036%) PSD2
14 1 (0.018%) COBIT
14 1 (0.018%) DICOM
System Software
1 1,929 (34.83%) Docker
2 195 (3.52%) Active Directory
3 97 (1.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 40 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (0.47%) Hyper-V
6 23 (0.42%) ISA Server
7 10 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 10 (0.18%) VirtualBox
8 8 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
8 8 (0.14%) XenApp
9 5 (0.090%) KVM
9 5 (0.090%) Varnish
9 5 (0.090%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (0.054%) Firmware
10 3 (0.054%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.036%) vSphere
12 1 (0.018%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 1,623 (29.31%) Terraform
2 1,494 (26.98%) Kubernetes
3 423 (7.64%) Ansible
4 235 (4.24%) Grafana
5 212 (3.83%) Prometheus
6 170 (3.07%) Puppet
7 168 (3.03%) Opscode Chef
8 80 (1.44%) Kibana
9 48 (0.87%) logstash
9 48 (0.87%) Opsgenie
10 39 (0.70%) Graphite
11 35 (0.63%) Automic
11 35 (0.63%) Istio
12 34 (0.61%) Consul
13 30 (0.54%) Graylog
14 27 (0.49%) HAProxy
15 25 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
15 25 (0.45%) ZABBIX
16 24 (0.43%) Packer
16 24 (0.43%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 648 (11.70%) Google
2 596 (10.76%) Microsoft
3 220 (3.97%) Oracle
4 128 (2.31%) Databricks
5 112 (2.02%) VMware
6 100 (1.81%) Splunk
7 88 (1.59%) Citrix
8 82 (1.48%) New Relic
9 79 (1.43%) Red Hat
10 53 (0.96%) Atlassian
11 40 (0.72%) Facebook
11 40 (0.72%) Sony
12 35 (0.63%) Adobe
12 35 (0.63%) Apple
13 32 (0.58%) Netlify
13 32 (0.58%) SAP
14 31 (0.56%) MuleSoft
15 28 (0.51%) IBM
16 27 (0.49%) Samsung
17 26 (0.47%) Salesforce.com