Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 76 154 233
Rank change year-on-year +78 +79 +205
Permanent jobs citing Serverless 4,556 1,533 2,147
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.03% 2.25% 1.50%
As % of the Cloud Services category 9.43% 6.15% 4.93%
Number of salaries quoted 2,459 1,286 1,618
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,175
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,495 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +12.50%
75th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £85,000
90th Percentile £118,750 £108,750 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% -0.90% +6.27%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 48,316 24,944 43,547
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.76% 36.69% 30.39%
Number of salaries quoted 34,744 20,596 35,768
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £74,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +1.06%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Salary trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +80 4,162 £75,000 +7.14% 587
London +58 3,012 £85,000 +6.25% 330
UK excluding London +30 1,220 £60,000 +9.09% 287
Work from Home +19 966 £75,000 +32.74% 146
North of England -1 351 £60,000 +14.29% 95
South East -5 269 £62,500 -3.85% 51
South West +35 200 £45,000 -14.29% 24
North West +21 200 £60,000 +14.29% 73
Midlands -5 189 £60,000 +20.00% 50
Yorkshire -27 133 £60,000 +12.15% 16
West Midlands -25 129 £62,500 +21.95% 36
Scotland -22 74 £56,000 +12.00% 20
East of England -24 65 £53,000 -1.69% 29
East Midlands -2 60 £50,000 - 14
Northern Ireland +17 48 £80,000 - 5
Wales -11 26 £45,000 - 13
North East -14 18 £50,000 +2.56% 6

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 3,433 (75.35%) AWS
2 2,466 (54.13%) Agile Software Development
3 2,229 (48.92%) AWS Lambda
4 1,889 (41.46%) Python
5 1,737 (38.13%) DevOps
6 1,700 (37.31%) Software Engineering
7 1,693 (37.16%) JavaScript
8 1,661 (36.46%) Microservices
8 1,661 (36.46%) React
9 1,593 (34.96%) Docker
10 1,426 (31.30%) Azure
11 1,346 (29.54%) Terraform
12 1,293 (28.38%) Node.js
13 1,255 (27.55%) Java
14 1,213 (26.62%) Kubernetes
15 1,142 (25.07%) Finance
16 1,075 (23.60%) TypeScript
17 1,069 (23.46%) SQL
18 1,032 (22.65%) GCP
19 994 (21.82%) Full Stack Development
20 982 (21.55%) Web Services
21 881 (19.34%) Amazon S3
22 860 (18.88%) .NET
23 854 (18.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
24 851 (18.68%) TDD
25 845 (18.55%) Social Skills
26 811 (17.80%) C#
27 740 (16.24%) Jenkins
28 732 (16.07%) Continuous Integration
29 726 (15.94%) Infrastructure as Code

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 339 (7.44%) Elasticsearch
2 207 (4.54%) Apache
3 168 (3.69%) Confluence
4 165 (3.62%) Apache Spark
5 101 (2.22%) Apache Airflow
6 50 (1.10%) SharePoint
7 48 (1.05%) CMS
8 43 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
9 28 (0.61%) IIS
10 27 (0.59%) nginx
11 26 (0.57%) WordPress
12 21 (0.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 21 (0.46%) Drupal
13 15 (0.33%) Umbraco
14 13 (0.29%) Sitecore CMS
15 12 (0.26%) Apache Pulsar
15 12 (0.26%) IBM Domino
15 12 (0.26%) OpenStack
16 10 (0.22%) Tomcat
17 8 (0.18%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 23 (0.50%) Chatbot
2 10 (0.22%) Figma
3 8 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.18%) Sketch
4 7 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.13%) Revit
6 5 (0.11%) Adobe XD
6 5 (0.11%) AutoCAD
7 4 (0.088%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.066%) InVision
9 2 (0.044%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 61 (1.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (0.64%) Magento
3 9 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
4 6 (0.13%) Summit
5 5 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
6 4 (0.088%) NetSuite
6 4 (0.088%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.044%) Maximo
8 1 (0.022%) Oracle Receivables
8 1 (0.022%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 3,433 (75.35%) AWS
2 2,229 (48.92%) AWS Lambda
3 1,426 (31.30%) Azure
4 1,032 (22.65%) GCP
5 881 (19.34%) Amazon S3
6 652 (14.31%) Amazon EC2
7 569 (12.49%) AWS CloudFormation
8 552 (12.12%) Amazon ECS
9 471 (10.34%) Azure Functions
10 466 (10.23%) SaaS
11 453 (9.94%) Amazon SQS
12 432 (9.48%) GitHub
13 365 (8.01%) PaaS
14 245 (5.38%) AWS Step Functions
15 220 (4.83%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 206 (4.52%) Amazon EKS
17 202 (4.43%) CloudFront
18 189 (4.15%) IaaS
19 166 (3.64%) AWS Fargate
20 162 (3.56%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 156 (3.42%) HTTP
2 69 (1.51%) Firewall
3 63 (1.38%) DNS
4 37 (0.81%) Broadband
5 30 (0.66%) VPN
6 28 (0.61%) SSL
7 27 (0.59%) Internet
8 26 (0.57%) Network Security
8 26 (0.57%) TCP/IP
9 12 (0.26%) SMS
9 12 (0.26%) SSH
9 12 (0.26%) WebEx
10 7 (0.15%) Software-Defined Networking
11 6 (0.13%) MQTT
11 6 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
11 6 (0.13%) RTP
11 6 (0.13%) VLAN
12 5 (0.11%) FTP
12 5 (0.11%) WAN
13 4 (0.088%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 854 (18.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 560 (12.29%) PostgreSQL
3 533 (11.70%) MySQL
4 522 (11.46%) Amazon RDS
5 496 (10.89%) NoSQL
6 466 (10.23%) SQL Server
7 402 (8.82%) Big Data
8 328 (7.20%) MongoDB
9 297 (6.52%) Amazon Aurora
10 286 (6.28%) Relational Database
11 281 (6.17%) Redis
12 185 (4.06%) Amazon Athena
13 137 (3.01%) Hadoop
14 130 (2.85%) Data Warehouse
15 124 (2.72%) Amazon Redshift
16 107 (2.35%) Azure SQL Database
17 99 (2.17%) Power BI
18 93 (2.04%) BigQuery
19 89 (1.95%) RDBMS
20 78 (1.71%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 740 (16.24%) Jenkins
2 576 (12.64%) Git (software)
3 304 (6.67%) JIRA
4 273 (5.99%) GitLab
5 166 (3.64%) Cypress.io
6 139 (3.05%) Selenium
7 128 (2.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 113 (2.48%) webpack
9 105 (2.30%) Bitbucket
10 102 (2.24%) Postman
11 99 (2.17%) TeamCity
12 81 (1.78%) CircleCI
13 80 (1.76%) Octopus Deploy
14 78 (1.71%) JMeter
15 72 (1.58%) SonarQube
16 68 (1.49%) Visual Studio
17 65 (1.43%) Artifactory
18 57 (1.25%) Maven
19 55 (1.21%) Cucumber
19 55 (1.21%) SpecFlow
General
1 1,142 (25.07%) Finance
2 845 (18.55%) Social Skills
3 259 (5.68%) Banking
4 250 (5.49%) Retail
5 210 (4.61%) Front Office
6 196 (4.30%) Marketing
7 192 (4.21%) Games
8 187 (4.10%) Analytical Skills
9 186 (4.08%) Public Sector
10 138 (3.03%) Legal
11 118 (2.59%) Presentation Skills
12 67 (1.47%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 64 (1.40%) Influencing Skills
14 63 (1.38%) Law
15 49 (1.08%) Manufacturing
16 48 (1.05%) Telecoms
17 45 (0.99%) Financial Institution
18 38 (0.83%) Organisational Skills
19 37 (0.81%) Automotive
20 34 (0.75%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,797 (39.44%) Developer
2 1,032 (22.65%) Software Engineer
3 487 (10.69%) AWS Engineer
4 462 (10.14%) DevOps Engineer
5 377 (8.27%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 336 (7.37%) Senior Developer
7 329 (7.22%) Full Stack Developer
8 317 (6.96%) React Developer
9 295 (6.47%) Senior Software Engineer
10 288 (6.32%) Java Developer
11 272 (5.97%) Architect
12 264 (5.79%) Python Engineer
13 235 (5.16%) AWS Developer
14 216 (4.74%) AWS Software Engineer
15 202 (4.43%) Data Engineer
16 180 (3.95%) Cloud Engineer
17 170 (3.73%) Python Developer
18 169 (3.71%) JavaScript Developer
19 157 (3.45%) .NET Developer
19 157 (3.45%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,661 (36.46%) React
2 1,293 (28.38%) Node.js
3 982 (21.55%) Web Services
4 860 (18.88%) .NET
5 708 (15.54%) REST
6 632 (13.87%) GraphQL
7 501 (11.00%) AngularJS
8 460 (10.10%) CSS
9 411 (9.02%) .NET Core
10 373 (8.19%) HTML
11 330 (7.24%) React Native
12 305 (6.69%) RESTful
13 292 (6.41%) Kafka
14 278 (6.10%) Spring
15 277 (6.08%) Vue.js
16 254 (5.58%) Material-UI
17 206 (4.52%) Serverless Framework
18 190 (4.17%) Middleware
19 189 (4.15%) Next.js
20 179 (3.93%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 321 (7.05%) User Experience
2 235 (5.16%) Greenfield Project
3 229 (5.03%) Mobile App
4 227 (4.98%) Hedge funds
5 220 (4.83%) Cloud Native
6 147 (3.23%) Public Cloud
7 136 (2.99%) Legacy Systems
8 133 (2.92%) Derivative
9 128 (2.81%) Pricing Data
10 97 (2.13%) Equities
11 92 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 89 (1.95%) Fixed Income
13 88 (1.93%) Algorithms
14 82 (1.80%) Virtual Team
15 74 (1.62%) NHS
16 73 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
17 64 (1.40%) Blog
18 63 (1.38%) Data Structures
19 61 (1.34%) Management Information System
20 58 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 349 (7.66%) Linux
2 186 (4.08%) Windows
3 102 (2.24%) Apple iOS
4 88 (1.93%) Android
5 85 (1.87%) Unix
6 43 (0.94%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.50%) Mesosphere
7 23 (0.50%) Ubuntu
8 22 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 17 (0.37%) Windows 10
10 12 (0.26%) Mac OS
11 11 (0.24%) CentOS
12 9 (0.20%) VMS
13 6 (0.13%) Alpine Linux
14 5 (0.11%) SUSE
15 4 (0.088%) Amazon Linux
15 4 (0.088%) Windows Server 2012
16 3 (0.066%) Windows Server 2019
17 2 (0.044%) Mac OS X
18 1 (0.022%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,466 (54.13%) Agile Software Development
2 1,737 (38.13%) DevOps
3 1,700 (37.31%) Software Engineering
4 1,661 (36.46%) Microservices
5 994 (21.82%) Full Stack Development
6 851 (18.68%) TDD
7 732 (16.07%) Continuous Integration
8 726 (15.94%) Infrastructure as Code
9 685 (15.04%) Scrum
10 657 (14.42%) Analytics
11 641 (14.07%) Test Automation
12 595 (13.06%) Problem-Solving
13 560 (12.29%) Asset Management
14 542 (11.90%) Mentoring
15 450 (9.88%) BDD
16 416 (9.13%) Open Source
17 413 (9.06%) Event-Driven
18 394 (8.65%) Artificial Intelligence
19 391 (8.58%) Machine Learning
20 382 (8.38%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 1,889 (41.46%) Python
2 1,693 (37.16%) JavaScript
3 1,255 (27.55%) Java
4 1,075 (23.60%) TypeScript
5 1,069 (23.46%) SQL
6 811 (17.80%) C#
7 345 (7.57%) Go
8 274 (6.01%) PowerShell
9 267 (5.86%) PHP
10 253 (5.55%) Scala
11 218 (4.78%) Bash Shell
12 194 (4.26%) Java 8
13 158 (3.47%) Kotlin
14 149 (3.27%) Ruby
15 129 (2.83%) ES6
16 97 (2.13%) Clojure
17 89 (1.95%) T-SQL
18 68 (1.49%) Rust
19 63 (1.38%) C++
20 57 (1.25%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 347 (7.62%) Degree
2 231 (5.07%) Security Cleared
3 210 (4.61%) SC Cleared
4 154 (3.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 113 (2.48%) AWS Certification
6 61 (1.34%) Master's Degree
7 41 (0.90%) OCP
7 41 (0.90%) Oracle Certification
8 29 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
9 23 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
9 23 (0.50%) PhD
10 18 (0.40%) CISSP
11 12 (0.26%) CISA
11 12 (0.26%) CISM
11 12 (0.26%) MBA
12 7 (0.15%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.15%) ISTQB
12 7 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.13%) ISSAP
13 6 (0.13%) ISSEP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 337 (7.40%) QA
2 126 (2.77%) GDPR
3 85 (1.87%) Accessibility
4 27 (0.59%) Data Quality
5 20 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (0.24%) NIST
6 11 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.20%) GxP
8 8 (0.18%) COBIT
8 8 (0.18%) SLA
9 6 (0.13%) SOC 2
10 3 (0.066%) IEC 62304
10 3 (0.066%) ISO 13485
11 2 (0.044%) Actionable Recommendations
11 2 (0.044%) CDISC
11 2 (0.044%) HIPAA
11 2 (0.044%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.044%) WCAG
12 1 (0.022%) IASME
12 1 (0.022%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 1,593 (34.96%) Docker
2 76 (1.67%) Active Directory
3 46 (1.01%) Virtual Machines
4 29 (0.64%) VirtualBox
5 25 (0.55%) ISA Server
6 22 (0.48%) Hyper-V
7 11 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
8 6 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.13%) Varnish
9 5 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
9 5 (0.11%) Xen
10 4 (0.088%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.044%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 2 (0.044%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.044%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1,346 (29.54%) Terraform
2 1,213 (26.62%) Kubernetes
3 322 (7.07%) Ansible
4 203 (4.46%) Grafana
5 200 (4.39%) Prometheus
6 116 (2.55%) Opscode Chef
7 104 (2.28%) Puppet
8 45 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
8 45 (0.99%) Kibana
9 32 (0.70%) Graphite
10 30 (0.66%) Opsgenie
11 26 (0.57%) Graylog
12 24 (0.53%) Istio
13 23 (0.50%) Automic
14 22 (0.48%) Consul
14 22 (0.48%) logstash
15 20 (0.44%) Packer
16 19 (0.42%) Mesos
17 15 (0.33%) yum
18 13 (0.29%) Rancher
Vendors
1 584 (12.82%) Google
2 393 (8.63%) Microsoft
3 209 (4.59%) Oracle
4 81 (1.78%) Splunk
5 67 (1.47%) New Relic
6 60 (1.32%) Sybase
7 52 (1.14%) Databricks
8 48 (1.05%) Atlassian
8 48 (1.05%) IBM
9 45 (0.99%) Adobe
10 34 (0.75%) Cloudera
11 33 (0.72%) Informatica
11 33 (0.72%) Netlify
11 33 (0.72%) Samsung
11 33 (0.72%) Sony
11 33 (0.72%) Talend
12 29 (0.64%) Hortonworks
12 29 (0.64%) Salesforce.com
13 28 (0.61%) SAP
14 26 (0.57%) Facebook