Period
to 22 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 22 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
England > London
6 months to
22 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 89 181 243
Rank change year-on-year +92 +62 +108
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,151 890 842
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.65% 2.00% 1.39%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.90% 2.13% 1.50%
Number of salaries quoted 881 732 607
10th Percentile £56,250 £52,625 £52,500
25th Percentile £63,750 £65,000 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £80,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.13% +6.67% +11.11%
75th Percentile £92,500 £95,000 £87,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £109,750 £100,000
England median annual salary £65,750 £72,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year -9.31% +3.57% +16.67%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 29,536 41,850 56,168
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.73% 93.86% 92.80%
Number of salaries quoted 23,243 34,004 45,863
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £63,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +2.36% +5.83%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £101,250 £97,200
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 22 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 22 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +62 322 £82,500 +6.45% 76
South London +49 46 £80,000 +33.33% 7
West London +53 19 £72,500 - 33
East London +13 3 £72,500 +11.54% 11
North London - 1 £100,000 -
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 22 April 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 889 (77.24%) DevOps
2 871 (75.67%) Terraform
3 814 (70.72%) AWS
4 648 (56.30%) Docker
5 633 (55.00%) Kubernetes
6 507 (44.05%) Python
7 362 (31.45%) Linux
8 359 (31.19%) Azure
9 348 (30.23%) Ansible
10 335 (29.11%) Jenkins
11 329 (28.58%) Agile Software Development
12 275 (23.89%) Serverless
13 252 (21.89%) Java
14 240 (20.85%) Finance
15 222 (19.29%) Continuous Integration
16 218 (18.94%) Microservices
17 208 (18.07%) Software Engineering
18 206 (17.90%) GCP
19 199 (17.29%) Puppet
20 179 (15.55%) AWS CloudFormation
21 160 (13.90%) Continuous Delivery
22 151 (13.12%) Bash Shell
23 150 (13.03%) Site Reliability Engineering
24 146 (12.68%) Fintech
25 142 (12.34%) AWS Lambda
26 139 (12.08%) JavaScript
27 137 (11.90%) PowerShell
28 134 (11.64%) Amazon ECS
29 131 (11.38%) Configuration Management
30 129 (11.21%) Opscode Chef

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (4.26%) Apache Airflow
2 34 (2.95%) Confluence
3 31 (2.69%) Elasticsearch
4 24 (2.09%) Apache Spark
5 20 (1.74%) Apache
6 16 (1.39%) Cloud Foundry
7 15 (1.30%) IIS
8 14 (1.22%) nginx
9 9 (0.78%) OpenStack
10 4 (0.35%) CloudStack
10 4 (0.35%) SharePoint
11 3 (0.26%) WebSphere
12 2 (0.17%) MS Exchange
12 2 (0.17%) SharePoint 2013
13 1 (0.087%) Apache Pulsar
13 1 (0.087%) Apache TomEE
13 1 (0.087%) JBoss
13 1 (0.087%) NServiceBus
13 1 (0.087%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 1 (0.087%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.087%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 19 (1.65%) R3 Corda
2 3 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.17%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.17%) Shopify
4 1 (0.087%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 814 (70.72%) AWS
2 359 (31.19%) Azure
3 275 (23.89%) Serverless
4 206 (17.90%) GCP
5 179 (15.55%) AWS CloudFormation
6 142 (12.34%) AWS Lambda
7 134 (11.64%) Amazon ECS
8 106 (9.21%) PaaS
9 89 (7.73%) Amazon EKS
10 79 (6.86%) IaaS
11 77 (6.69%) Amazon S3
11 77 (6.69%) GitHub
12 73 (6.34%) SaaS
13 65 (5.65%) Amazon EC2
14 58 (5.04%) Azure Active Directory
15 33 (2.87%) Azure Functions
16 31 (2.69%) AWS Fargate
16 31 (2.69%) Datadog
17 28 (2.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 27 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 69 (5.99%) Firewall
2 39 (3.39%) TCP/IP
3 36 (3.13%) DNS
4 28 (2.43%) HTTP
4 28 (2.43%) Network Security
5 14 (1.22%) WAN
6 10 (0.87%) VPN
7 9 (0.78%) LAN
8 8 (0.70%) BIG-IP
8 8 (0.70%) FTP
9 7 (0.61%) IMAP
9 7 (0.61%) SMTP
9 7 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
10 6 (0.52%) Cisco ASA
10 6 (0.52%) Internet
10 6 (0.52%) VoIP
11 5 (0.43%) Extranet
11 5 (0.43%) H.323
11 5 (0.43%) MGCP
11 5 (0.43%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 103 (8.95%) Big Data
2 77 (6.69%) PostgreSQL
3 56 (4.87%) Amazon RDS
4 55 (4.78%) MongoDB
5 52 (4.52%) MySQL
6 45 (3.91%) SQL Server
7 35 (3.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 30 (2.61%) Relational Database
9 26 (2.26%) NoSQL
10 24 (2.09%) Redis
11 22 (1.91%) Blockchain
12 21 (1.82%) BigQuery
12 21 (1.82%) Hadoop
13 18 (1.56%) Azure SQL Database
14 12 (1.04%) Data Warehouse
15 11 (0.96%) Data Lake
15 11 (0.96%) HBase
16 10 (0.87%) Amazon Redshift
16 10 (0.87%) Apache Cassandra
16 10 (0.87%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 335 (29.11%) Jenkins
2 124 (10.77%) GitLab
3 112 (9.73%) Git (software)
4 61 (5.30%) JIRA
5 55 (4.78%) CircleCI
6 52 (4.52%) Artifactory
7 51 (4.43%) TeamCity
8 38 (3.30%) Octopus Deploy
9 36 (3.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 34 (2.95%) Travis CI
11 26 (2.26%) Bitbucket
12 24 (2.09%) Cypress.io
13 13 (1.13%) Gradle
13 13 (1.13%) Maven
14 12 (1.04%) Gerrit
15 9 (0.78%) Postman
16 7 (0.61%) Team Foundation Server
17 5 (0.43%) Ant
17 5 (0.43%) Subversion
17 5 (0.43%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 240 (20.85%) Finance
2 54 (4.69%) Public Sector
3 47 (4.08%) Games
4 45 (3.91%) Banking
5 38 (3.30%) Retail
6 21 (1.82%) Marketing
7 18 (1.56%) Law
8 17 (1.48%) Financial Institution
8 17 (1.48%) Legal
9 13 (1.13%) Telecoms
10 12 (1.04%) Advertising
10 12 (1.04%) Local Government
11 8 (0.70%) Electronics
11 8 (0.70%) Manufacturing
12 6 (0.52%) Investment Banking
13 4 (0.35%) Front Office
13 4 (0.35%) Publishing
14 3 (0.26%) Billing
15 2 (0.17%) Back Office
15 2 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 466 (40.49%) DevOps Engineer
2 230 (19.98%) AWS Engineer
3 152 (13.21%) Senior DevOps
4 149 (12.95%) AWS DevOps
5 142 (12.34%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 142 (12.34%) Senior DevOps Engineer
6 114 (9.90%) Cloud Engineer
7 86 (7.47%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 84 (7.30%) Platform Engineer
9 78 (6.78%) Developer
10 75 (6.52%) Architect
11 66 (5.73%) Azure Engineer
12 62 (5.39%) Site Reliability Engineer
13 55 (4.78%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 54 (4.69%) Python Engineer
15 52 (4.52%) Software Engineer
16 51 (4.43%) DevOps Engineer - Fintech
17 49 (4.26%) Site Engineer
18 45 (3.91%) Full Stack Developer
19 42 (3.65%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (8.86%) Web Services
2 95 (8.25%) .NET
3 92 (7.99%) React
4 84 (7.30%) Node.js
5 79 (6.86%) Kafka
6 47 (4.08%) AngularJS
7 41 (3.56%) .NET Core
8 40 (3.48%) Elastic Stack
9 39 (3.39%) Velocity
10 27 (2.35%) CSS
11 25 (2.17%) REST
12 23 (2.00%) GraphQL
12 23 (2.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 22 (1.91%) Vue.js
14 20 (1.74%) ASP.NET Web API
14 20 (1.74%) Next.js
14 20 (1.74%) Ruby on Rails
15 19 (1.65%) RESTful
16 18 (1.56%) Apollo GraphQL
16 18 (1.56%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 106 (9.21%) Greenfield Project
2 71 (6.17%) Cloud Native
3 51 (4.43%) Public Cloud
4 45 (3.91%) Linux Command Line
5 32 (2.78%) Hybrid Cloud
6 30 (2.61%) Analytical Skills
6 30 (2.61%) PKI
7 28 (2.43%) Data Centre
8 22 (1.91%) Blog
8 22 (1.91%) NHS
9 19 (1.65%) Private Cloud
10 13 (1.13%) Enterprise Cloud
11 12 (1.04%) Data Structures
12 11 (0.96%) Organisational Skills
12 11 (0.96%) User Experience
13 9 (0.78%) Clustering
13 9 (0.78%) Hedge funds
14 8 (0.70%) Replication
15 7 (0.61%) Algorithms
15 7 (0.61%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 362 (31.45%) Linux
2 121 (10.51%) Windows
3 62 (5.39%) Unix
4 34 (2.95%) Windows Server
5 25 (2.17%) CentOS
6 19 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (0.78%) CoreOS
8 8 (0.70%) Android
8 8 (0.70%) Apple iOS
8 8 (0.70%) Ubuntu
8 8 (0.70%) zOS
9 4 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (0.26%) VMS
10 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2019
11 2 (0.17%) Debian
12 1 (0.087%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.087%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.087%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.087%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 889 (77.24%) DevOps
2 329 (28.58%) Agile Software Development
3 222 (19.29%) Continuous Integration
4 218 (18.94%) Microservices
5 208 (18.07%) Software Engineering
6 160 (13.90%) Continuous Delivery
7 150 (13.03%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 146 (12.68%) Fintech
9 131 (11.38%) Configuration Management
10 122 (10.60%) Machine Learning
11 118 (10.25%) TDD
12 103 (8.95%) DevSecOps
13 102 (8.86%) Deployment Automation
14 101 (8.77%) Data Science
15 98 (8.51%) Mentoring
15 98 (8.51%) OO
15 98 (8.51%) Test Automation
16 83 (7.21%) Analytics
17 82 (7.12%) Open Source
18 75 (6.52%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 507 (44.05%) Python
2 252 (21.89%) Java
3 151 (13.12%) Bash Shell
4 139 (12.08%) JavaScript
5 137 (11.90%) PowerShell
6 128 (11.12%) C#
7 123 (10.69%) Go
8 112 (9.73%) SQL
9 62 (5.39%) Ruby
10 47 (4.08%) TypeScript
11 40 (3.48%) PHP
12 33 (2.87%) Scala
13 29 (2.52%) Perl
14 20 (1.74%) T-SQL
15 19 (1.65%) Groovy
16 17 (1.48%) Shell Script
17 15 (1.30%) C++
18 14 (1.22%) ES6
19 13 (1.13%) C
20 11 (0.96%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 49 (4.26%) Security Cleared
2 46 (4.00%) SC Cleared
3 25 (2.17%) Degree
4 18 (1.56%) AWS Certification
5 8 (0.70%) Cisco Certification
6 7 (0.61%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.43%) CCIE
7 5 (0.43%) CCNP
7 5 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
7 5 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.26%) CCNA
9 2 (0.17%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.17%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (2.78%) QA
2 21 (1.82%) GDPR
3 16 (1.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.43%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.35%) Dodd-Frank
5 4 (0.35%) EMIR
5 4 (0.35%) MiFID
5 4 (0.35%) NIST
6 3 (0.26%) SLA
6 3 (0.26%) SOC 2
7 2 (0.17%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.17%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.087%) SOC 1
8 1 (0.087%) WCAG
System Software
1 648 (56.30%) Docker
2 77 (6.69%) Active Directory
3 56 (4.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.39%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (1.22%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (0.61%) VMware NSX
6 7 (0.61%) vSphere
7 6 (0.52%) HDFS
8 3 (0.26%) KVM
9 2 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.17%) OpenAM
9 2 (0.17%) Xen
10 1 (0.087%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.087%) NFS
10 1 (0.087%) Platform Symphony
10 1 (0.087%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.087%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 871 (75.67%) Terraform
2 633 (55.00%) Kubernetes
3 348 (30.23%) Ansible
4 199 (17.29%) Puppet
5 129 (11.21%) Opscode Chef
6 102 (8.86%) Grafana
7 100 (8.69%) Prometheus
8 18 (1.56%) Packer
9 14 (1.22%) Nagios
10 12 (1.04%) Rancher
11 11 (0.96%) SCCM
12 10 (0.87%) Failover Clustering
13 9 (0.78%) Istio
13 9 (0.78%) systemd
14 8 (0.70%) CFEngine
14 8 (0.70%) Kibana
15 6 (0.52%) Cisco CUCM
15 6 (0.52%) Consul
16 5 (0.43%) Salt
16 5 (0.43%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 112 (9.73%) Google
2 109 (9.47%) Microsoft
3 74 (6.43%) VMware
4 32 (2.78%) Splunk
5 28 (2.43%) Red Hat
6 27 (2.35%) Cisco
7 19 (1.65%) Atlassian
8 11 (0.96%) SaltStack
9 10 (0.87%) Dynatrace
10 9 (0.78%) AppDynamics
10 9 (0.78%) F5
10 9 (0.78%) Facebook
10 9 (0.78%) New Relic
11 8 (0.70%) Palo Alto
11 8 (0.70%) SAP
11 8 (0.70%) SolarWinds
12 7 (0.61%) Citrix
12 7 (0.61%) Fortinet
12 7 (0.61%) Oracle
12 7 (0.61%) ServiceNow