Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
England > London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 85 134 212
Rank change year-on-year +49 +78 +127
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,756 725 980
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.90% 2.53% 1.71%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.09% 2.69% 1.83%
Number of salaries quoted 1,122 631 728
10th Percentile £56,375 £52,500 £50,000
25th Percentile £65,000 £63,750 £58,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +11.11%
75th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,813
90th Percentile £105,000 £101,250 £100,375
England median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £70,000

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 42,889 26,948 53,475
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.25% 94.04% 93.57%
Number of salaries quoted 28,417 22,094 43,978
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £68,192 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.65% +4.91% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +37 365 £85,000 +13.33% 111
South London +36 57 £67,500 +12.50% 15
West London +20 50 £72,500 - 38
East London +4 6 £67,500 +3.85% 27
North London - 1 £100,000 - 2
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,322 (75.28%) DevOps
2 1,314 (74.83%) Terraform
3 1,291 (73.52%) AWS
4 1,023 (58.26%) Kubernetes
5 960 (54.67%) Docker
6 812 (46.24%) Python
7 599 (34.11%) Azure
8 588 (33.49%) Agile Software Development
9 533 (30.35%) Jenkins
10 488 (27.79%) Linux
11 474 (26.99%) Serverless
12 435 (24.77%) Java
13 434 (24.72%) Ansible
14 418 (23.80%) Microservices
15 385 (21.92%) GCP
16 381 (21.70%) Software Engineering
17 359 (20.44%) Finance
18 341 (19.42%) AWS CloudFormation
19 299 (17.03%) JavaScript
20 264 (15.03%) Prometheus
21 259 (14.75%) Puppet
22 257 (14.64%) Bash Shell
23 255 (14.52%) React
24 254 (14.46%) Go
25 253 (14.41%) Continuous Integration
26 248 (14.12%) Site Reliability Engineering
27 240 (13.67%) Node.js
28 227 (12.93%) Problem-Solving
29 226 (12.87%) Grafana
29 226 (12.87%) GitLab

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (4.56%) Elasticsearch
2 79 (4.50%) Apache Airflow
3 52 (2.96%) Apache
4 51 (2.90%) Confluence
5 29 (1.65%) Cloud Foundry
6 21 (1.20%) nginx
7 20 (1.14%) Apache Spark
8 13 (0.74%) IIS
9 12 (0.68%) Apache Pulsar
10 9 (0.51%) OpenStack
11 6 (0.34%) Luigi
11 6 (0.34%) Tomcat
11 6 (0.34%) Traefik
12 3 (0.17%) CloudStack
12 3 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.17%) SharePoint
13 2 (0.11%) MS Exchange
13 2 (0.11%) WebSphere
14 1 (0.057%) EPiServer
14 1 (0.057%) JBoss
Applications
1 5 (0.28%) Adobe XD
1 5 (0.28%) Chatbot
1 5 (0.28%) Figma
1 5 (0.28%) Sketch
2 1 (0.057%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.057%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 10 (0.57%) R3 Corda
2 6 (0.34%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.057%) Dynamics GP
Cloud Services
1 1,291 (73.52%) AWS
2 599 (34.11%) Azure
3 474 (26.99%) Serverless
4 385 (21.92%) GCP
5 341 (19.42%) AWS CloudFormation
6 225 (12.81%) AWS Lambda
7 222 (12.64%) Amazon ECS
8 202 (11.50%) PaaS
9 151 (8.60%) SaaS
10 131 (7.46%) IaaS
11 123 (7.00%) Amazon S3
12 118 (6.72%) Amazon EKS
13 110 (6.26%) GitHub
14 94 (5.35%) Amazon EC2
15 68 (3.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 60 (3.42%) Amazon SQS
17 55 (3.13%) Cloud Computing
18 52 (2.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 45 (2.56%) Azure Active Directory
20 42 (2.39%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 78 (4.44%) Firewall
2 64 (3.64%) TCP/IP
3 61 (3.47%) HTTP
4 34 (1.94%) DNS
5 30 (1.71%) Network Security
6 18 (1.03%) VPN
7 16 (0.91%) WAN
8 14 (0.80%) WebEx
9 9 (0.51%) SD-WAN
10 8 (0.46%) LAN
10 8 (0.46%) NAS
10 8 (0.46%) SAN
11 6 (0.34%) Broadband
11 6 (0.34%) Internet
11 6 (0.34%) SSL
12 5 (0.28%) VLAN
13 4 (0.23%) BIG-IP
13 4 (0.23%) IPv4
13 4 (0.23%) VSAN
14 3 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 171 (9.74%) PostgreSQL
2 119 (6.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 116 (6.61%) Big Data
4 108 (6.15%) MySQL
5 97 (5.52%) NoSQL
6 73 (4.16%) Amazon RDS
7 66 (3.76%) MongoDB
8 53 (3.02%) Relational Database
9 42 (2.39%) BigQuery
10 40 (2.28%) Metadata
10 40 (2.28%) Redis
11 37 (2.11%) SQL Server
12 32 (1.82%) Data Warehouse
13 25 (1.42%) Amazon Athena
14 24 (1.37%) Data Lake
15 22 (1.25%) Blockchain
16 20 (1.14%) Power BI
17 14 (0.80%) Event Store
18 13 (0.74%) Apache Cassandra
18 13 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 533 (30.35%) Jenkins
2 226 (12.87%) GitLab
3 217 (12.36%) Git (software)
4 115 (6.55%) CircleCI
5 106 (6.04%) JIRA
6 93 (5.30%) TeamCity
7 77 (4.38%) Artifactory
8 69 (3.93%) Octopus Deploy
9 61 (3.47%) Travis CI
10 53 (3.02%) Cypress.io
11 42 (2.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 36 (2.05%) Bitbucket
13 26 (1.48%) git-flow
13 26 (1.48%) Selenium
14 22 (1.25%) Team Foundation Server
15 19 (1.08%) Postman
16 18 (1.03%) IBM UrbanCode
17 17 (0.97%) Cucumber
18 16 (0.91%) GoCD
19 15 (0.85%) SpecFlow
General
1 359 (20.44%) Finance
2 225 (12.81%) Social Skills
3 84 (4.78%) Retail
4 82 (4.67%) Public Sector
5 74 (4.21%) Banking
6 70 (3.99%) Games
7 49 (2.79%) Analytical Skills
8 41 (2.33%) Marketing
9 37 (2.11%) Legal
10 30 (1.71%) Presentation Skills
11 28 (1.59%) Financial Institution
12 25 (1.42%) Local Government
13 24 (1.37%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 18 (1.03%) Advertising
15 14 (0.80%) Organisational Skills
16 13 (0.74%) Automotive
17 12 (0.68%) Telecoms
18 9 (0.51%) Documentation Skills
18 9 (0.51%) Law
19 7 (0.40%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 667 (37.98%) DevOps Engineer
2 258 (14.69%) AWS Engineer
3 185 (10.54%) Developer
4 184 (10.48%) Senior DevOps
5 183 (10.42%) Senior DevOps Engineer
6 174 (9.91%) AWS DevOps
7 169 (9.62%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 166 (9.45%) Cloud Engineer
9 147 (8.37%) Software Engineer
10 113 (6.44%) Site Reliability Engineer
11 109 (6.21%) Platform Engineer
12 102 (5.81%) Site Engineer
13 97 (5.52%) Azure Engineer
14 95 (5.41%) Architect
15 85 (4.84%) Kubernetes Engineer
16 66 (3.76%) Lead DevOps
17 64 (3.64%) Python Engineer
18 60 (3.42%) Security Engineer
18 60 (3.42%) Senior Software Engineer
19 59 (3.36%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 255 (14.52%) React
2 240 (13.67%) Node.js
3 164 (9.34%) Web Services
4 140 (7.97%) .NET
5 114 (6.49%) GraphQL
5 114 (6.49%) Kafka
6 112 (6.38%) REST
7 89 (5.07%) Elastic Stack
8 81 (4.61%) CSS
9 77 (4.38%) AngularJS
10 63 (3.59%) .NET Core
11 56 (3.19%) HTML
12 37 (2.11%) Ruby on Rails
13 36 (2.05%) Akka
13 36 (2.05%) Apache Beam
13 36 (2.05%) Redux
13 36 (2.05%) RESTful
13 36 (2.05%) Vue.js
14 32 (1.82%) React Native
15 31 (1.77%) Phoenix Framework
Miscellaneous
1 172 (9.79%) Greenfield Project
2 135 (7.69%) Cloud Native
3 84 (4.78%) Public Cloud
4 70 (3.99%) User Experience
5 50 (2.85%) Blog
6 46 (2.62%) Legacy Systems
6 46 (2.62%) Linux Command Line
7 39 (2.22%) Hybrid Cloud
8 34 (1.94%) NHS
9 33 (1.88%) Hedge funds
10 32 (1.82%) Data Centre
11 24 (1.37%) Private Cloud
12 23 (1.31%) Renewable Energy
12 23 (1.31%) Self-Motivation
13 22 (1.25%) Algorithms
14 21 (1.20%) PKI
15 20 (1.14%) Clustering
16 19 (1.08%) Mobile App
17 18 (1.03%) Data Structures
18 14 (0.80%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 488 (27.79%) Linux
2 183 (10.42%) Windows
3 79 (4.50%) Unix
4 47 (2.68%) Windows Server
5 23 (1.31%) CentOS
6 21 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (1.08%) Android
8 18 (1.03%) Apple iOS
9 17 (0.97%) Mesosphere
10 14 (0.80%) Ubuntu
11 11 (0.63%) Data ONTAP
12 6 (0.34%) VMS
12 6 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
14 4 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
15 3 (0.17%) Debian
15 3 (0.17%) SUSE
15 3 (0.17%) Windows 10
16 2 (0.11%) CoreOS
16 2 (0.11%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,322 (75.28%) DevOps
2 588 (33.49%) Agile Software Development
3 418 (23.80%) Microservices
4 381 (21.70%) Software Engineering
5 253 (14.41%) Continuous Integration
6 248 (14.12%) Site Reliability Engineering
7 227 (12.93%) Problem-Solving
8 208 (11.85%) TDD
9 206 (11.73%) Fintech
10 180 (10.25%) Analytics
11 178 (10.14%) Configuration Management
12 173 (9.85%) Open Source
13 172 (9.79%) Mentoring
14 170 (9.68%) Test Automation
15 154 (8.77%) Full Stack Development
15 154 (8.77%) Observability
16 153 (8.71%) Deployment Automation
17 152 (8.66%) Machine Learning
18 141 (8.03%) Data Science
19 140 (7.97%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 812 (46.24%) Python
2 435 (24.77%) Java
3 299 (17.03%) JavaScript
4 257 (14.64%) Bash Shell
5 254 (14.46%) Go
6 204 (11.62%) PowerShell
7 186 (10.59%) C#
8 174 (9.91%) TypeScript
9 162 (9.23%) SQL
10 134 (7.63%) Ruby
11 62 (3.53%) Scala
12 46 (2.62%) PHP
13 44 (2.51%) ES6
14 42 (2.39%) Perl
15 41 (2.33%) C++
16 40 (2.28%) Rust
17 34 (1.94%) Elixir
18 28 (1.59%) Elm
19 24 (1.37%) Kotlin
20 23 (1.31%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 79 (4.50%) Degree
2 60 (3.42%) Security Cleared
3 46 (2.62%) SC Cleared
4 29 (1.65%) AWS Certification
5 28 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (0.46%) CCNA
6 8 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.11%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.057%) CISA
9 1 (0.057%) CISM
9 1 (0.057%) CISSP
9 1 (0.057%) ISSAP
9 1 (0.057%) ISSEP
9 1 (0.057%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.057%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (3.36%) QA
2 39 (2.22%) GDPR
3 38 (2.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 23 (1.31%) SLA
5 9 (0.51%) PSD2
6 7 (0.40%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.34%) NIST
8 5 (0.28%) Accessibility
9 3 (0.17%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.11%) SOC 2
11 1 (0.057%) COBIT
11 1 (0.057%) HIPAA
System Software
1 960 (54.67%) Docker
2 59 (3.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 57 (3.25%) Active Directory
4 27 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (1.03%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 13 (0.74%) vSphere
7 11 (0.63%) etcd
8 8 (0.46%) Hyper-V
9 7 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.17%) HDFS
10 3 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (0.11%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.11%) Xen
12 1 (0.057%) Microsoft App-V
12 1 (0.057%) NFS
12 1 (0.057%) StorNext
12 1 (0.057%) VMware NSX
12 1 (0.057%) Xsan
Systems Management
1 1,314 (74.83%) Terraform
2 1,023 (58.26%) Kubernetes
3 434 (24.72%) Ansible
4 264 (15.03%) Prometheus
5 259 (14.75%) Puppet
6 226 (12.87%) Grafana
7 191 (10.88%) Opscode Chef
8 43 (2.45%) Consul
9 38 (2.16%) Kibana
10 24 (1.37%) Rancher
11 20 (1.14%) Nagios
12 19 (1.08%) logstash
12 19 (1.08%) Packer
13 18 (1.03%) Mesos
14 17 (0.97%) Automic
15 13 (0.74%) Failover Clustering
16 12 (0.68%) linkerd
17 10 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
18 9 (0.51%) CFEngine
19 8 (0.46%) Istio
Vendors
1 171 (9.74%) Google
2 143 (8.14%) Microsoft
3 75 (4.27%) VMware
4 55 (3.13%) Splunk
5 32 (1.82%) Red Hat
6 25 (1.42%) Cisco
7 19 (1.08%) Oracle
8 17 (0.97%) NetApp
8 17 (0.97%) New Relic
9 14 (0.80%) Atlassian
10 13 (0.74%) AppDynamics
10 13 (0.74%) CommVault
10 13 (0.74%) ServiceNow
11 11 (0.63%) LexisNexis
11 11 (0.63%) LogicMonitor
12 10 (0.57%) IBM
13 9 (0.51%) SaltStack
13 9 (0.51%) TippingPoint
14 8 (0.46%) Zend
15 7 (0.40%) HP