Period
to 29 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 29 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
England > London
6 months to
29 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 85 109 188
Rank change year-on-year +24 +79 +111
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,970 638 1,068
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.82% 2.97% 1.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.00% 3.16% 2.10%
Number of salaries quoted 1,357 543 774
10th Percentile £55,000 £51,250 £55,000
25th Percentile £65,000 £60,625 £62,563
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% - +3.45%
75th Percentile £96,500 £85,000 £90,000
90th Percentile £112,500 £95,000 £102,500
England median annual salary £72,500 £65,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +11.54% -7.14% +3.70%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 49,281 20,186 50,788
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.50% 94.06% 93.68%
Number of salaries quoted 32,793 17,181 41,375
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £53,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £108,750 £105,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 29 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +28 388 £76,500 +2.00% 125
South London 0 64 £75,000 +3.45% 9
West London -43 40 £71,250 +18.75% 25
East London -18 14 £80,000 +14.29% 24
North London -15 1 £85,000 +88.89% 1
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 29 November 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,482 (75.23%) Terraform
2 1,456 (73.91%) AWS
3 1,388 (70.46%) DevOps
4 1,147 (58.22%) Kubernetes
5 1,001 (50.81%) Docker
6 929 (47.16%) Python
7 900 (45.69%) Azure
8 662 (33.60%) Agile Software Development
9 619 (31.42%) Jenkins
10 574 (29.14%) GCP
11 540 (27.41%) Ansible
12 518 (26.29%) Linux
13 499 (25.33%) Java
14 441 (22.39%) Microservices
15 426 (21.62%) Serverless
16 405 (20.56%) AWS CloudFormation
16 405 (20.56%) Software Engineering
17 385 (19.54%) Finance
18 350 (17.77%) Bash Shell
19 334 (16.95%) Go
20 326 (16.55%) Puppet
21 316 (16.04%) Social Skills
22 288 (14.62%) JavaScript
23 277 (14.06%) Problem-Solving
24 258 (13.10%) PowerShell
25 256 (12.99%) Google
26 255 (12.94%) GitLab
27 253 (12.84%) Opscode Chef
28 251 (12.74%) Prometheus
29 243 (12.34%) React

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (3.81%) Apache Airflow
2 59 (2.99%) Confluence
3 54 (2.74%) Apache
4 49 (2.49%) Elasticsearch
5 43 (2.18%) Apache Spark
6 28 (1.42%) nginx
7 16 (0.81%) IIS
8 9 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
8 9 (0.46%) Traefik
9 8 (0.41%) Apache Pulsar
9 8 (0.41%) SharePoint
9 8 (0.41%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.30%) Luigi
11 5 (0.25%) CMS
11 5 (0.25%) OpenStack
12 4 (0.20%) MS Exchange
12 4 (0.20%) Mule
12 4 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.10%) WordPress
14 1 (0.051%) EPiServer
Applications
1 8 (0.41%) Figma
1 8 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.25%) Adobe XD
3 5 (0.25%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.25%) Sketch
4 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.15%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.051%) Dynamics GP
2 1 (0.051%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 1,456 (73.91%) AWS
2 900 (45.69%) Azure
3 574 (29.14%) GCP
4 426 (21.62%) Serverless
5 405 (20.56%) AWS CloudFormation
6 209 (10.61%) Amazon ECS
7 197 (10.00%) AWS Lambda
8 175 (8.88%) PaaS
9 169 (8.58%) SaaS
10 138 (7.01%) Amazon S3
10 138 (7.01%) GitHub
11 114 (5.79%) IaaS
12 92 (4.67%) Amazon EC2
13 80 (4.06%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 79 (4.01%) Amazon EKS
15 70 (3.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 66 (3.35%) Amazon Kinesis
17 59 (2.99%) Cloud Computing
18 56 (2.84%) Amazon SQS
19 49 (2.49%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 89 (4.52%) Firewall
2 54 (2.74%) DNS
3 53 (2.69%) TCP/IP
4 50 (2.54%) HTTP
4 50 (2.54%) Network Security
5 33 (1.68%) VPN
6 18 (0.91%) Broadband
7 17 (0.86%) WebEx
8 11 (0.56%) SAN
9 10 (0.51%) BGP
9 10 (0.51%) NAS
9 10 (0.51%) OSPF
9 10 (0.51%) Software-Defined Networking
9 10 (0.51%) WAN
10 9 (0.46%) EIGRP
11 6 (0.30%) DHCP
11 6 (0.30%) SMTP
12 5 (0.25%) SSL
13 4 (0.20%) SNMP
13 4 (0.20%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 178 (9.04%) PostgreSQL
2 134 (6.80%) NoSQL
3 130 (6.60%) MySQL
4 126 (6.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 80 (4.06%) Big Data
6 77 (3.91%) Data Warehouse
7 63 (3.20%) Amazon RDS
8 61 (3.10%) Data Lake
9 55 (2.79%) Relational Database
10 50 (2.54%) MongoDB
11 44 (2.23%) BigQuery
12 43 (2.18%) Amazon Athena
12 43 (2.18%) Power BI
13 38 (1.93%) SQL Server
14 34 (1.73%) Azure SQL Database
14 34 (1.73%) Redis
15 33 (1.68%) Blockchain
16 30 (1.52%) Amazon Redshift
17 22 (1.12%) Event Store
17 22 (1.12%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 619 (31.42%) Jenkins
2 255 (12.94%) GitLab
3 217 (11.02%) Git (software)
4 124 (6.29%) JIRA
5 123 (6.24%) TeamCity
6 108 (5.48%) CircleCI
7 79 (4.01%) Artifactory
8 78 (3.96%) Octopus Deploy
9 44 (2.23%) Travis CI
10 40 (2.03%) Cypress.io
11 37 (1.88%) Selenium
12 35 (1.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 33 (1.68%) Team Foundation Server
14 29 (1.47%) IBM UrbanCode
14 29 (1.47%) Spinnaker
15 28 (1.42%) GoCD
15 28 (1.42%) Maven
16 26 (1.32%) Bitbucket
17 25 (1.27%) git-flow
18 24 (1.22%) Cucumber
General
1 385 (19.54%) Finance
2 316 (16.04%) Social Skills
3 133 (6.75%) Retail
4 97 (4.92%) Banking
5 62 (3.15%) Analytical Skills
6 54 (2.74%) Marketing
7 51 (2.59%) Games
8 43 (2.18%) Publishing
9 38 (1.93%) Public Sector
10 35 (1.78%) Legal
11 32 (1.62%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 31 (1.57%) Automotive
13 30 (1.52%) Pharmaceutical
14 21 (1.07%) Financial Institution
15 18 (0.91%) Organisational Skills
15 18 (0.91%) Presentation Skills
16 15 (0.76%) Documentation Skills
17 11 (0.56%) Advertising
17 11 (0.56%) Telecoms
18 10 (0.51%) Law
Job Titles
1 742 (37.66%) DevOps Engineer
2 250 (12.69%) AWS Engineer
3 226 (11.47%) Cloud Engineer
4 190 (9.64%) Developer
5 179 (9.09%) Software Engineer
6 170 (8.63%) Senior DevOps
7 168 (8.53%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 150 (7.61%) AWS DevOps
9 149 (7.56%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 134 (6.80%) Site Reliability Engineer
11 133 (6.75%) Architect
12 118 (5.99%) Platform Engineer
13 113 (5.74%) Site Engineer
14 105 (5.33%) Azure Engineer
15 84 (4.26%) Senior Software Engineer
16 79 (4.01%) Security Engineer
17 63 (3.20%) Azure DevOps Engineer
18 61 (3.10%) Lead DevOps
19 59 (2.99%) Junior
20 57 (2.89%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 243 (12.34%) React
2 227 (11.52%) Web Services
3 214 (10.86%) Node.js
4 169 (8.58%) .NET
5 162 (8.22%) Kafka
6 112 (5.69%) GraphQL
7 95 (4.82%) REST
8 82 (4.16%) Elastic Stack
9 73 (3.71%) AngularJS
10 71 (3.60%) HTML
11 68 (3.45%) CSS
12 60 (3.05%) JSON
13 59 (2.99%) Spring
14 56 (2.84%) React Native
15 55 (2.79%) Redux
15 55 (2.79%) Vue.js
16 51 (2.59%) .NET Core
17 50 (2.54%) YAML
18 45 (2.28%) ARM Templates
19 42 (2.13%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 173 (8.78%) Greenfield Project
2 151 (7.66%) Cloud Native
3 136 (6.90%) Public Cloud
4 67 (3.40%) User Experience
5 53 (2.69%) Hybrid Cloud
6 46 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
7 41 (2.08%) Mobile App
8 36 (1.83%) Blog
9 35 (1.78%) Renewable Energy
10 33 (1.68%) Data Centre
10 33 (1.68%) Private Cloud
11 30 (1.52%) NHS
12 28 (1.42%) Hedge funds
13 27 (1.37%) Algorithms
14 26 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
15 25 (1.27%) Video\Live Streaming
16 22 (1.12%) Clustering
17 20 (1.02%) Data Structures
17 20 (1.02%) Legacy Systems
18 19 (0.96%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 518 (26.29%) Linux
2 218 (11.07%) Windows
3 85 (4.31%) Unix
4 45 (2.28%) Windows Server
5 35 (1.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 29 (1.47%) Apple iOS
7 27 (1.37%) Android
8 25 (1.27%) Mesosphere
9 20 (1.02%) CentOS
10 19 (0.96%) Ubuntu
11 9 (0.46%) Data ONTAP
12 8 (0.41%) VMS
13 7 (0.36%) Debian
13 7 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.25%) Solaris
14 5 (0.25%) Windows Server 2019
15 4 (0.20%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.15%) SUSE
16 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
16 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,388 (70.46%) DevOps
2 662 (33.60%) Agile Software Development
3 441 (22.39%) Microservices
4 405 (20.56%) Software Engineering
5 277 (14.06%) Problem-Solving
6 238 (12.08%) Site Reliability Engineering
7 235 (11.93%) Configuration Management
8 225 (11.42%) Test Automation
9 221 (11.22%) Analytics
10 187 (9.49%) Fintech
11 177 (8.98%) Continuous Integration
11 177 (8.98%) Mentoring
11 177 (8.98%) TDD
12 176 (8.93%) Open Source
13 167 (8.48%) Scrum
14 152 (7.72%) Data Science
15 150 (7.61%) Deployment Automation
16 141 (7.16%) Machine Learning
17 138 (7.01%) Observability
18 137 (6.95%) Full Stack Development
Programming Languages
1 929 (47.16%) Python
2 499 (25.33%) Java
3 350 (17.77%) Bash Shell
4 334 (16.95%) Go
5 288 (14.62%) JavaScript
6 258 (13.10%) PowerShell
7 213 (10.81%) SQL
8 193 (9.80%) C#
9 177 (8.98%) TypeScript
10 154 (7.82%) Ruby
11 99 (5.03%) Scala
12 44 (2.23%) Kotlin
12 44 (2.23%) Rust
13 41 (2.08%) Perl
14 27 (1.37%) Shell Script
15 25 (1.27%) ES6
15 25 (1.27%) Groovy
16 24 (1.22%) PHP
17 23 (1.17%) C++
18 16 (0.81%) C
Qualifications
1 82 (4.16%) Degree
2 69 (3.50%) AWS Certification
3 66 (3.35%) Security Cleared
4 59 (2.99%) SC Cleared
5 33 (1.68%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (1.02%) Cisco Certification
7 13 (0.66%) RHCE
8 9 (0.46%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 8 (0.41%) CESG Certified Professional
10 5 (0.25%) CISSP
11 4 (0.20%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.20%) OSCP
12 3 (0.15%) DV Cleared
12 3 (0.15%) MCSE
13 2 (0.10%) CCNA
13 2 (0.10%) GIAC
13 2 (0.10%) PCI QSA
13 2 (0.10%) TOGAF Certification
13 2 (0.10%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (4.77%) QA
2 34 (1.73%) GDPR
3 29 (1.47%) SLA
4 28 (1.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 17 (0.86%) NIST
6 15 (0.76%) PSD2
7 13 (0.66%) Data Quality
7 13 (0.66%) PCI DSS
8 8 (0.41%) IASME
8 8 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 5 (0.25%) Accessibility
10 3 (0.15%) GxP
11 2 (0.10%) PA-DSS
11 2 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.10%) SOC 2
12 1 (0.051%) HIPAA
System Software
1 1,001 (50.81%) Docker
2 60 (3.05%) Active Directory
3 41 (2.08%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (1.42%) Virtual Machines
5 11 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.46%) etcd
6 9 (0.46%) Hyper-V
6 9 (0.46%) vSphere
7 7 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.10%) NFS
8 2 (0.10%) Samba
8 2 (0.10%) StorNext
8 2 (0.10%) Xsan
9 1 (0.051%) LXC
9 1 (0.051%) Terminal Services
9 1 (0.051%) Xen
9 1 (0.051%) zsh
Systems Management
1 1,482 (75.23%) Terraform
2 1,147 (58.22%) Kubernetes
3 540 (27.41%) Ansible
4 326 (16.55%) Puppet
5 253 (12.84%) Opscode Chef
6 251 (12.74%) Prometheus
7 197 (10.00%) Grafana
8 52 (2.64%) Consul
9 38 (1.93%) Kibana
10 30 (1.52%) Istio
11 27 (1.37%) logstash
12 25 (1.27%) Automic
12 25 (1.27%) Rancher
13 20 (1.02%) Nagios
14 16 (0.81%) Mesos
15 15 (0.76%) Failover Clustering
16 11 (0.56%) HP Fortify
17 10 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
17 10 (0.51%) Packer
17 10 (0.51%) Salt
Vendors
1 256 (12.99%) Google
2 194 (9.85%) Microsoft
3 63 (3.20%) Splunk
4 56 (2.84%) VMware
5 39 (1.98%) Red Hat
6 23 (1.17%) Oracle
7 20 (1.02%) Cisco
8 19 (0.96%) Databricks
8 19 (0.96%) New Relic
9 15 (0.76%) Apple
10 14 (0.71%) Atlassian
10 14 (0.71%) LexisNexis
11 13 (0.66%) ServiceNow
12 11 (0.56%) Palo Alto
13 10 (0.51%) Cadence
13 10 (0.51%) NetApp
14 9 (0.46%) LogicMonitor
15 8 (0.41%) SaltStack
16 7 (0.36%) AppDynamics
16 7 (0.36%) CheckPoint