Period
to 25 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 25 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
25 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 61 97
Rank change year-on-year +2 +36 +108
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,293 2,815 2,274
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 4.51% 4.51% 3.29%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.83% 4.86% 3.52%
Number of salaries quoted 1,896 2,343 1,992
London median annual salary £77,500 £72,500 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.90% +7.41% -
10th Percentile £46,250 £47,500 £45,000
90th Percentile £128,750 £109,500 £108,750
England median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +4.17%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 47,427 57,913 64,672
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.30% 92.76% 93.49%
Number of salaries quoted 38,048 46,810 53,331
London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +0.76%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £92,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 25 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 25 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 450 £75,000 - 120
West London -16 63 £63,750 +6.25% 31
South London +32 54 £62,500 -3.85% 11
East London +15 27 £70,000 +33.33% 23
North London -5 9 £55,000 -26.67% 3
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 25 February 2020, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,228 (53.55%) Python
2 1,027 (44.79%) Artificial Intelligence
3 949 (41.39%) AWS
4 884 (38.55%) Data Science
5 789 (34.41%) Analytics
6 774 (33.75%) Agile Software Development
7 663 (28.91%) SQL
8 657 (28.65%) Java
9 636 (27.74%) Finance
10 580 (25.29%) Big Data
11 557 (24.29%) Azure
12 553 (24.12%) Software Engineering
13 420 (18.32%) JavaScript
14 413 (18.01%) R
15 404 (17.62%) Computer Science
16 395 (17.23%) Degree
17 377 (16.44%) Docker
18 366 (15.96%) DevOps
19 361 (15.74%) Algorithms
20 359 (15.66%) GCP
21 349 (15.22%) Web Services
22 346 (15.09%) Microservices
23 342 (14.91%) Apache Spark
24 322 (14.04%) Mentoring
25 320 (13.96%) C#
26 313 (13.65%) NoSQL
27 308 (13.43%) Deep Learning
28 298 (13.00%) Front Office
29 292 (12.73%) Hadoop
30 285 (12.43%) Kubernetes

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 342 (14.91%) Apache Spark
2 115 (5.02%) Elasticsearch
3 54 (2.35%) Apache Airflow
4 51 (2.22%) Apache
5 40 (1.74%) Jupyter
6 36 (1.57%) SAS
7 27 (1.18%) Luigi
8 26 (1.13%) WebSphere
9 22 (0.96%) CMS
10 17 (0.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 17 (0.74%) Apache Pig
11 15 (0.65%) Confluence
12 13 (0.57%) Tornado
13 10 (0.44%) IIS
13 10 (0.44%) SharePoint
14 8 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
14 8 (0.35%) nginx
15 7 (0.31%) Apache Solr
16 6 (0.26%) ArcGIS
16 6 (0.26%) IPython
Applications
1 33 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 29 (1.26%) Chatbot
3 24 (1.05%) SPSS
4 7 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.087%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.087%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.087%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.044%) EViews
7 1 (0.044%) InVision
7 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Office
7 1 (0.044%) Simulink
7 1 (0.044%) Sketch
7 1 (0.044%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 79 (3.45%) PolarLake
2 76 (3.31%) Eagle PACE
2 76 (3.31%) Markit EDM
3 10 (0.44%) FINCAD Analytics
4 6 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.17%) FastStats
5 4 (0.17%) Tesseract
6 3 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.087%) SAP BPC
8 1 (0.044%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.044%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 949 (41.39%) AWS
2 557 (24.29%) Azure
3 359 (15.66%) GCP
4 119 (5.19%) SaaS
5 84 (3.66%) Serverless
6 72 (3.14%) Cloud Computing
6 72 (3.14%) Power Platform
7 66 (2.88%) Amazon ECS
8 62 (2.70%) Azure Machine Learning
9 59 (2.57%) Amazon S3
10 53 (2.31%) PaaS
11 48 (2.09%) Azure Data Factory
12 45 (1.96%) AWS Lambda
13 44 (1.92%) Amazon Kinesis
14 41 (1.79%) Amazon SQS
15 40 (1.74%) Amazon SageMaker
15 40 (1.74%) GitHub
16 36 (1.57%) AWS CloudFormation
17 33 (1.44%) IaaS
18 24 (1.05%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 21 (0.92%) Firewall
1 21 (0.92%) Software-Defined Networking
2 19 (0.83%) Internet
3 12 (0.52%) DNS
4 10 (0.44%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.35%) HTTP
6 6 (0.26%) Wireshark
7 3 (0.13%) Network Security
7 3 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
7 3 (0.13%) Wireless
8 2 (0.087%) Skype
8 2 (0.087%) SSL
9 1 (0.044%) 5G
9 1 (0.044%) Cisco ASA
9 1 (0.044%) Cisco IOS
9 1 (0.044%) DMZ
9 1 (0.044%) HSPA
9 1 (0.044%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.044%) LTE
9 1 (0.044%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 580 (25.29%) Big Data
2 313 (13.65%) NoSQL
3 292 (12.73%) Hadoop
4 169 (7.37%) SQL Server
5 159 (6.93%) PostgreSQL
6 157 (6.85%) MongoDB
7 154 (6.72%) MySQL
8 150 (6.54%) Redis
9 130 (5.67%) Relational Database
10 129 (5.63%) Data Warehouse
11 127 (5.54%) Amazon Redshift
12 91 (3.97%) Apache Hive
13 87 (3.79%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 81 (3.53%) Data Mining
15 75 (3.27%) Cosmos DB
16 73 (3.18%) Microsoft Analysis Services
17 72 (3.14%) Data Lake
18 71 (3.10%) Power BI
19 68 (2.97%) Apache Cassandra
20 67 (2.92%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 193 (8.42%) Git (software)
2 120 (5.23%) Jenkins
3 79 (3.45%) JIRA
4 54 (2.35%) TeamCity
5 53 (2.31%) Octopus Deploy
6 41 (1.79%) MSBuild
6 41 (1.79%) Selenium
7 26 (1.13%) Cucumber
7 26 (1.13%) WebDriver
8 21 (0.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 17 (0.74%) CircleCI
9 17 (0.74%) Team Foundation Server
10 15 (0.65%) PhantomJS
10 15 (0.65%) Visual Studio
11 14 (0.61%) Vagrant
12 13 (0.57%) webpack
13 12 (0.52%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 11 (0.48%) Jasmine
15 10 (0.44%) Bitbucket
15 10 (0.44%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 636 (27.74%) Finance
2 298 (13.00%) Front Office
3 215 (9.38%) Banking
4 176 (7.68%) Marketing
5 112 (4.88%) Back Office
6 107 (4.67%) Retail
7 54 (2.35%) Law
8 42 (1.83%) Advertising
8 42 (1.83%) Games
9 39 (1.70%) Investment Banking
10 36 (1.57%) Billing
11 31 (1.35%) Public Sector
12 26 (1.13%) Legal
12 26 (1.13%) Telecoms
13 19 (0.83%) Financial Institution
14 18 (0.78%) Publishing
15 12 (0.52%) Manufacturing
16 10 (0.44%) Electronics
16 10 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.39%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 541 (23.59%) Developer
2 368 (16.05%) Data Scientist
3 217 (9.46%) Software Engineer
4 198 (8.63%) Architect
5 181 (7.89%) Data Engineer
6 147 (6.41%) Senior Data Scientist
7 124 (5.41%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 123 (5.36%) Java Developer
9 114 (4.97%) Python Engineer
10 110 (4.80%) Python Developer
11 105 (4.58%) .NET Developer
12 95 (4.14%) Senior Developer
13 91 (3.97%) Data Manager
14 83 (3.62%) Java Engineer
15 80 (3.49%) C# Developer
16 76 (3.31%) Analyst
17 74 (3.23%) Data Architect
18 65 (2.83%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 65 (2.83%) React Developer
19 59 (2.57%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 349 (15.22%) Web Services
2 280 (12.21%) React
3 274 (11.95%) Natural Language Processing
4 241 (10.51%) .NET
5 219 (9.55%) TensorFlow
6 194 (8.46%) Node.js
7 178 (7.76%) AngularJS
8 166 (7.24%) Kafka
9 152 (6.63%) scikit-learn
10 150 (6.54%) ASP.NET
11 126 (5.49%) CSS
12 121 (5.28%) HTML
13 119 (5.19%) Pandas
14 111 (4.84%) .NET Core
15 93 (4.06%) J2EE
16 90 (3.92%) Spring
17 89 (3.88%) RESTful
18 81 (3.53%) Keras
18 81 (3.53%) PyTorch
19 76 (3.31%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 361 (15.74%) Algorithms
2 267 (11.64%) Analytical Skills
3 210 (9.16%) Hedge funds
4 166 (7.24%) Fixed Income
5 163 (7.11%) Derivative
5 163 (7.11%) Equities
6 144 (6.28%) Greenfield Project
7 128 (5.58%) Reference Data
8 120 (5.23%) User Experience
9 81 (3.53%) Blog
10 71 (3.10%) Cloud Native
11 54 (2.35%) Data Structures
12 50 (2.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 34 (1.48%) AS400
14 33 (1.44%) Mobile App
14 33 (1.44%) Social Network
15 32 (1.40%) Management Information System
15 32 (1.40%) Robotics
16 31 (1.35%) Virtual Team
17 23 (1.00%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 163 (7.11%) Linux
2 40 (1.74%) Unix
3 36 (1.57%) Windows
4 19 (0.83%) Android
5 15 (0.65%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.31%) CentOS
6 7 (0.31%) Ubuntu
6 7 (0.31%) VMS
7 5 (0.22%) Debian
8 3 (0.13%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.087%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.044%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.044%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.044%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.044%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,027 (44.79%) Artificial Intelligence
2 884 (38.55%) Data Science
3 789 (34.41%) Analytics
4 774 (33.75%) Agile Software Development
5 553 (24.12%) Software Engineering
6 404 (17.62%) Computer Science
7 366 (15.96%) DevOps
8 346 (15.09%) Microservices
9 322 (14.04%) Mentoring
10 308 (13.43%) Deep Learning
11 273 (11.91%) Asset Management
12 269 (11.73%) Statistics
13 265 (11.56%) Data Analytics
14 255 (11.12%) Mathematics
15 253 (11.03%) Visualisation
16 202 (8.81%) Scrum
17 196 (8.55%) Fintech
18 192 (8.37%) Business Intelligence
19 179 (7.81%) Investment Management
20 177 (7.72%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1,228 (53.55%) Python
2 663 (28.91%) SQL
3 657 (28.65%) Java
4 420 (18.32%) JavaScript
5 413 (18.01%) R
6 320 (13.96%) C#
7 245 (10.68%) Scala
8 172 (7.50%) C++
9 113 (4.93%) TypeScript
10 109 (4.75%) C
11 91 (3.97%) Go
12 77 (3.36%) F#
13 57 (2.49%) PowerShell
14 53 (2.31%) Java 8
15 48 (2.09%) Kotlin
16 47 (2.05%) Ruby
17 41 (1.79%) Bash Shell
18 35 (1.53%) ES6
19 34 (1.48%) RPG
20 33 (1.44%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 395 (17.23%) Degree
2 216 (9.42%) PhD
3 121 (5.28%) Computer Science Degree
4 50 (2.18%) Security Cleared
5 48 (2.09%) Master's Degree
6 35 (1.53%) DV Cleared
7 31 (1.35%) Numerate Degree
8 28 (1.22%) MBA
9 26 (1.13%) SC Cleared
10 11 (0.48%) AWS Certification
11 9 (0.39%) TOGAF Certification
12 7 (0.31%) Postgraduate
13 5 (0.22%) DBS Check
13 5 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
14 4 (0.17%) CISSP
15 3 (0.13%) CISM
15 3 (0.13%) MCSA
16 2 (0.087%) ACCA
16 2 (0.087%) CIMA
16 2 (0.087%) CISMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (4.01%) Data Quality
2 90 (3.92%) QA
3 16 (0.70%) Actionable Recommendations
4 6 (0.26%) SLA
5 5 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.22%) PMO
6 3 (0.13%) GDPR
6 3 (0.13%) NIST
6 3 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.044%) EMIR
7 1 (0.044%) MiFID
System Software
1 377 (16.44%) Docker
2 25 (1.09%) HDFS
3 14 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 14 (0.61%) VirtualBox
4 13 (0.57%) Apache Flume
5 5 (0.22%) Firmware
6 3 (0.13%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.044%) Cronacle
7 1 (0.044%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.044%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 285 (12.43%) Kubernetes
2 171 (7.46%) Terraform
3 110 (4.80%) Ansible
4 53 (2.31%) Puppet
5 36 (1.57%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (1.48%) Istio
7 24 (1.05%) Oozie
8 21 (0.92%) Docker Swarm
9 18 (0.78%) Hadoop YARN
9 18 (0.78%) Prometheus
10 16 (0.70%) Kubeflow
11 14 (0.61%) linkerd
12 9 (0.39%) Kibana
13 8 (0.35%) Grafana
14 7 (0.31%) Salt
15 6 (0.26%) Consul
15 6 (0.26%) Tivoli
16 5 (0.22%) BMC PATROL
17 4 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
17 4 (0.17%) Rancher
Vendors
1 182 (7.94%) Google
2 144 (6.28%) Microsoft
3 136 (5.93%) Bloomberg
4 83 (3.62%) Tableau
5 59 (2.57%) Databricks
6 56 (2.44%) Reuters
7 55 (2.40%) Oracle
8 38 (1.66%) Cloudera
9 35 (1.53%) Hortonworks
10 34 (1.48%) Facebook
11 28 (1.22%) Informatica
12 22 (0.96%) Sybase
13 20 (0.87%) Adobe
14 18 (0.78%) Dataiku
14 18 (0.78%) TIBCO
15 17 (0.74%) Teradata
16 16 (0.70%) Splunk
17 14 (0.61%) WorldPay
18 13 (0.57%) Alteryx
19 10 (0.44%) Netezza