Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 50 63 68
Rank change year-on-year +13 +5 -7
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 5,283 2,142 1,411
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 6.91% 5.16% 4.28%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.15% 5.42% 4.54%
Number of salaries quoted 1,261 1,091 1,138
10th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £44,903
25th Percentile £65,000 £55,000 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £72,250 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.73% -3.67% -
75th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £97,500
90th Percentile £122,500 £107,500 £115,000
England median annual salary £75,000 £65,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +15.38% -3.70% +3.85%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,849 39,521 31,072
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 96.59% 95.27% 94.31%
Number of salaries quoted 35,136 27,178 25,408
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year - +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £102,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £56,757 £55,000
% change year-on-year +5.71% +3.19% +4.76%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +4 318 £85,000 +26.87% 54
West London +1 110 £75,000 +3.45% 18
South London +3 88 £75,736 +21.18%
East London -10 51 £80,000 +14.29% 18
North London -7 26 - -
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 3,293 (62.33%) Python
2 2,620 (49.59%) Data Science
3 2,265 (42.87%) AWS
4 2,136 (40.43%) Artificial Intelligence
5 1,915 (36.25%) Analytics
6 1,847 (34.96%) Software Engineering
7 1,826 (34.56%) Agile
8 1,638 (31.01%) SQL
9 1,511 (28.60%) Finance
10 1,453 (27.50%) Social Skills
11 1,376 (26.05%) GCP
12 1,330 (25.18%) Java
13 1,273 (24.10%) Algorithms
14 1,181 (22.35%) Kubernetes
15 1,148 (21.73%) Degree
16 1,105 (20.92%) CI/CD
17 1,104 (20.90%) Azure
18 1,060 (20.06%) Docker
19 1,015 (19.21%) Big Data
20 1,002 (18.97%) JavaScript
21 974 (18.44%) Computer Science
22 960 (18.17%) DevOps
23 893 (16.90%) Microservices
24 877 (16.60%) Data Engineering
25 854 (16.17%) React
26 821 (15.54%) Analytical Skills
27 815 (15.43%) Problem-Solving
28 748 (14.16%) Google
29 742 (14.05%) Mathematics
30 713 (13.50%) Visualisation

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 628 (11.89%) Apache Spark
2 157 (2.97%) Apache
3 143 (2.71%) Apache Airflow
4 121 (2.29%) Confluence
5 86 (1.63%) Jupyter
6 83 (1.57%) SAS
7 78 (1.48%) CMS
8 50 (0.95%) WordPress
9 45 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
10 44 (0.83%) Umbraco
11 32 (0.61%) Headless CMS
12 31 (0.59%) Oracle Workflow
13 24 (0.45%) Apache Pulsar
14 23 (0.44%) Luigi
15 22 (0.42%) Apache Pig
16 19 (0.36%) Apache Solr
17 14 (0.27%) Tornado
18 13 (0.25%) Apache Synapse
19 9 (0.17%) nginx
20 8 (0.15%) SharePoint
Applications
1 51 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (0.83%) Chatbot
3 29 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 26 (0.49%) Sketch
5 25 (0.47%) InVision
6 21 (0.40%) MS Visio
6 21 (0.40%) Stata
7 20 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 18 (0.34%) Adobe XD
9 16 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
10 13 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
11 8 (0.15%) AutoCAD
11 8 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
11 8 (0.15%) Revit
12 7 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
12 7 (0.13%) InDesign
12 7 (0.13%) Photoshop
13 6 (0.11%) SPSS
14 4 (0.076%) GNU Octave
15 3 (0.057%) Maya
Business Applications
1 21 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
1 21 (0.40%) Shopify
2 19 (0.36%) Oracle Payables
3 10 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
4 4 (0.076%) Magento
4 4 (0.076%) SAP Hybris
5 3 (0.057%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.038%) Relativity
6 2 (0.038%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.019%) Maximo
7 1 (0.019%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
7 1 (0.019%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.019%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 2,265 (42.87%) AWS
2 1,376 (26.05%) GCP
3 1,104 (20.90%) Azure
4 626 (11.85%) Serverless
5 349 (6.61%) SaaS
6 339 (6.42%) GitHub
7 304 (5.75%) AWS Lambda
8 291 (5.51%) Cloud Computing
9 262 (4.96%) Amazon S3
10 259 (4.90%) Power Platform
11 202 (3.82%) AWS CloudFormation
12 200 (3.79%) Snowflake
13 164 (3.10%) Amazon ECS
14 156 (2.95%) Slack
15 140 (2.65%) Amazon SageMaker
16 116 (2.20%) dbt
17 105 (1.99%) Azure Machine Learning
18 99 (1.87%) Azure Data Factory
19 98 (1.86%) Azure Functions
20 97 (1.84%) Azure DevOps
Communications & Networking
1 105 (1.99%) Internet
2 76 (1.44%) HTTP
3 59 (1.12%) MQTT
4 34 (0.64%) Firewall
5 31 (0.59%) AMQP
6 23 (0.44%) Broadband
7 19 (0.36%) VPN
8 15 (0.28%) Software-Defined Networking
9 10 (0.19%) Network Security
9 10 (0.19%) SSL
10 8 (0.15%) HTTPS
10 8 (0.15%) Skype
11 4 (0.076%) TCP/IP
12 3 (0.057%) LAN
12 3 (0.057%) Reverse Proxy
12 3 (0.057%) WAN
12 3 (0.057%) WebEx
13 2 (0.038%) PPP
13 2 (0.038%) SSH
13 2 (0.038%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,015 (19.21%) Big Data
2 571 (10.81%) PostgreSQL
3 509 (9.63%) NoSQL
4 387 (7.33%) Data Warehouse
5 341 (6.45%) MySQL
6 339 (6.42%) Relational Database
7 320 (6.06%) BigQuery
8 299 (5.66%) Tableau
9 298 (5.64%) Hadoop
10 289 (5.47%) Data Lake
11 258 (4.88%) Power BI
12 236 (4.47%) Elasticsearch
13 230 (4.35%) MongoDB
14 219 (4.15%) Redis
15 214 (4.05%) Amazon Redshift
16 193 (3.65%) DynamoDB
17 168 (3.18%) Data Mining
18 144 (2.73%) Looker
19 137 (2.59%) SQL Server
20 132 (2.50%) Flink
Development Applications
1 594 (11.24%) Git (software)
2 317 (6.00%) Jenkins
3 217 (4.11%) JIRA
4 203 (3.84%) Cypress.io
5 155 (2.93%) Maven
6 144 (2.73%) GitLab
7 141 (2.67%) Selenium
8 116 (2.20%) CircleCI
9 109 (2.06%) Gradle
10 106 (2.01%) Mockito
11 96 (1.82%) Cucumber
12 65 (1.23%) SonarQube
13 62 (1.17%) Sonatype Nexus
14 57 (1.08%) JMeter
14 57 (1.08%) webpack
15 53 (1.00%) Postman
16 49 (0.93%) GoCD
17 47 (0.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 44 (0.83%) MLflow
19 43 (0.81%) JUnit
General
1 1,511 (28.60%) Finance
2 1,453 (27.50%) Social Skills
3 821 (15.54%) Analytical Skills
4 587 (11.11%) Marketing
5 519 (9.82%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 477 (9.03%) Games
7 463 (8.76%) Banking
8 290 (5.49%) Retail
9 214 (4.05%) Legal
10 153 (2.90%) Presentation Skills
11 124 (2.35%) Law
12 123 (2.33%) Advertising
13 116 (2.20%) Public Sector
14 110 (2.08%) Telecoms
15 94 (1.78%) Financial Institution
16 81 (1.53%) Manufacturing
17 76 (1.44%) Influencing Skills
18 73 (1.38%) Publishing
19 70 (1.33%) Organisational Skills
20 62 (1.17%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 972 (18.40%) Software Engineer
2 752 (14.23%) Developer
3 632 (11.96%) Data Scientist
4 579 (10.96%) Data Engineer
5 383 (7.25%) Senior Software Engineer
6 323 (6.11%) Senior Data Scientist
7 242 (4.58%) Architect
8 202 (3.82%) DevOps Engineer
9 199 (3.77%) Senior Developer
10 192 (3.63%) Analyst
11 187 (3.54%) Senior Data Engineer
12 151 (2.86%) Java Developer
13 129 (2.44%) Full Stack Developer
14 123 (2.33%) Consultant
14 123 (2.33%) Java Engineer
15 119 (2.25%) Python Developer
15 119 (2.25%) Python Engineer
16 115 (2.18%) Graduate
16 115 (2.18%) Machine Learning Engineer
17 103 (1.95%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 854 (16.17%) React
2 546 (10.34%) Kafka
3 485 (9.18%) Node.js
4 400 (7.57%) TensorFlow
5 364 (6.89%) Pandas
6 348 (6.59%) scikit-learn
7 346 (6.55%) CSS
8 338 (6.40%) HTML
9 317 (6.00%) Spring
10 264 (5.00%) REST
11 261 (4.94%) .NET
12 241 (4.56%) NumPy
13 236 (4.47%) AngularJS
13 236 (4.47%) RESTful
14 224 (4.24%) PyTorch
14 224 (4.24%) Redux
15 220 (4.16%) Vue.js
16 218 (4.13%) RabbitMQ
17 216 (4.09%) GraphQL
18 192 (3.63%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 1,273 (24.10%) Algorithms
2 520 (9.84%) User Experience
3 351 (6.64%) Data Structures
4 228 (4.32%) Cloud Native
5 209 (3.96%) Greenfield Project
6 194 (3.67%) Social Network
7 158 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
8 153 (2.90%) Mobile App
9 125 (2.37%) Hackathon
10 121 (2.29%) IoT
11 119 (2.25%) Blog
12 114 (2.16%) Public Cloud
13 106 (2.01%) Social Media
14 98 (1.86%) Management Information System
15 87 (1.65%) Hedge funds
15 87 (1.65%) Renewable Energy
16 82 (1.55%) Augmented Reality
17 72 (1.36%) Equities
17 72 (1.36%) Fixed Income
18 71 (1.34%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 543 (10.28%) Linux
2 193 (3.65%) Android
3 154 (2.92%) Apple iOS
4 145 (2.74%) Unix
5 116 (2.20%) Windows
6 51 (0.97%) Embedded Linux
7 15 (0.28%) VMS
8 11 (0.21%) Ubuntu
9 7 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (0.13%) Windows Server
10 6 (0.11%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.038%) Angstrom
12 1 (0.019%) CentOS
12 1 (0.019%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,620 (49.59%) Data Science
2 2,136 (40.43%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,915 (36.25%) Analytics
4 1,847 (34.96%) Software Engineering
5 1,826 (34.56%) Agile
6 1,105 (20.92%) CI/CD
7 974 (18.44%) Computer Science
8 960 (18.17%) DevOps
9 893 (16.90%) Microservices
10 877 (16.60%) Data Engineering
11 815 (15.43%) Problem-Solving
12 742 (14.05%) Mathematics
13 713 (13.50%) Visualisation
14 677 (12.81%) Mentoring
15 595 (11.26%) Data Pipeline
16 588 (11.13%) Statistics
17 584 (11.05%) Full Stack Development
18 583 (11.04%) TDD
19 581 (11.00%) Natural Language Processing
20 553 (10.47%) Data Analytics
Programming Languages
1 3,293 (62.33%) Python
2 1,638 (31.01%) SQL
3 1,330 (25.18%) Java
4 1,002 (18.97%) JavaScript
5 513 (9.71%) TypeScript
6 422 (7.99%) R
7 407 (7.70%) C++
8 358 (6.78%) Scala
9 340 (6.44%) Go
10 266 (5.04%) C#
11 231 (4.37%) C
12 171 (3.24%) Ruby
13 156 (2.95%) Bash
14 117 (2.21%) PHP
15 108 (2.04%) Kotlin
16 99 (1.87%) Rust
17 93 (1.76%) MATLAB
18 64 (1.21%) PowerShell
18 64 (1.21%) Shell Script
19 55 (1.04%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,148 (21.73%) Degree
2 393 (7.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 308 (5.83%) PhD
4 212 (4.01%) Master's Degree
5 91 (1.72%) Security Cleared
6 89 (1.68%) AWS Certification
7 62 (1.17%) Numerate Degree
8 56 (1.06%) SC Cleared
9 51 (0.97%) CISSP
10 41 (0.78%) CISM
11 40 (0.76%) CRISC
12 21 (0.40%) MBA
13 15 (0.28%) DV Cleared
14 13 (0.25%) Sun Certification
15 11 (0.21%) PMI Certification
16 9 (0.17%) Postgraduate
17 7 (0.13%) DBS Check
18 5 (0.095%) PMP
19 4 (0.076%) BPSS Clearance
19 4 (0.076%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 431 (8.16%) QA
2 208 (3.94%) Data Quality
3 82 (1.55%) Accessibility
4 56 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 40 (0.76%) GDPR
5 40 (0.76%) GRC
5 40 (0.76%) NIST
6 24 (0.45%) CDISC
6 24 (0.45%) HL7
7 12 (0.23%) HIPAA
7 12 (0.23%) IFRS
7 12 (0.23%) IFRS 9
8 9 (0.17%) MiFID
9 7 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
9 7 (0.13%) EMIR
9 7 (0.13%) PSD2
10 6 (0.11%) SOC 2
11 4 (0.076%) NCSC
12 3 (0.057%) Actionable Recommendations
13 2 (0.038%) PMO
System Software
1 1,060 (20.06%) Docker
2 54 (1.02%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 51 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
4 27 (0.51%) Firmware
5 25 (0.47%) Active Directory
6 8 (0.15%) KVM
7 7 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
8 6 (0.11%) HDFS
8 6 (0.11%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.019%) LXC
9 1 (0.019%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,181 (22.35%) Kubernetes
2 689 (13.04%) Terraform
3 242 (4.58%) Ansible
4 90 (1.70%) Opscode Chef
5 85 (1.61%) Puppet
6 84 (1.59%) Istio
7 78 (1.48%) Prometheus
8 54 (1.02%) Grafana
9 46 (0.87%) Fortio
9 46 (0.87%) Kiali
9 46 (0.87%) Kubeflow
10 26 (0.49%) HP Quality Center
11 22 (0.42%) Kibana
11 22 (0.42%) logstash
11 22 (0.42%) Rancher
12 18 (0.34%) Consul
13 17 (0.32%) Jamf Pro
14 16 (0.30%) Opsgenie
15 15 (0.28%) HAProxy
15 15 (0.28%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 748 (14.16%) Google
2 240 (4.54%) Microsoft
3 225 (4.26%) Twitter
4 180 (3.41%) Databricks
5 108 (2.04%) Oracle
6 89 (1.68%) Teradata
7 82 (1.55%) Apple
8 74 (1.40%) Splunk
9 67 (1.27%) CrowdStrike
10 63 (1.19%) Adobe
11 61 (1.15%) Spotify
12 55 (1.04%) Okta
13 46 (0.87%) Alteryx
13 46 (0.87%) Facebook
14 44 (0.83%) IBM
14 44 (0.83%) Monzo
15 39 (0.74%) Sony
16 32 (0.61%) Cisco
17 31 (0.59%) BT
18 30 (0.57%) AppDynamics