Period
to 11 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 11 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
11 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 73 64 84
Rank change year-on-year -9 +20 +72
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 1,102 2,512 2,607
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 4.18% 4.46% 3.73%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.47% 4.79% 4.02%
Number of salaries quoted 926 2,121 2,186
Median annual salary £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.14% +3.70%
10th Percentile £41,875 £47,500 £43,750
90th Percentile £115,000 £110,000 £110,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year - +4.00% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 24,644 52,488 64,858
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.49% 93.09% 92.72%
Number of salaries quoted 19,907 42,583 51,889
Median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £93,750
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 11 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 11 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 214 £72,500 -3.33% 35
West London -2 20 £68,750 +10.89% 1
South London +7 8 £67,500 +3.85% 1
East London +12 6 £50,000 +20.48% 7
North London - 4 £55,000 - 1
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 11 August 2020, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 636 (57.71%) Python
2 485 (44.01%) Data Science
3 445 (40.38%) AWS
4 441 (40.02%) Artificial Intelligence
5 331 (30.04%) Finance
6 320 (29.04%) Agile Software Development
7 308 (27.95%) Analytics
8 282 (25.59%) SQL
9 278 (25.23%) JavaScript
10 271 (24.59%) Java
11 255 (23.14%) Docker
12 251 (22.78%) Big Data
13 241 (21.87%) Kubernetes
14 222 (20.15%) Software Engineering
15 204 (18.51%) Azure
16 193 (17.51%) GCP
17 183 (16.61%) Degree
18 182 (16.52%) DevOps
19 179 (16.24%) Apache Spark
20 175 (15.88%) Algorithms
21 166 (15.06%) Computer Science
22 161 (14.61%) Natural Language Processing
23 154 (13.97%) R
23 154 (13.97%) Microservices
24 151 (13.70%) Hadoop
25 138 (12.52%) Analytical Skills
25 138 (12.52%) Mathematics
26 133 (12.07%) Web Services
27 132 (11.98%) Deep Learning
28 128 (11.62%) React

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 179 (16.24%) Apache Spark
2 41 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
3 36 (3.27%) SAS
4 33 (2.99%) Apache Airflow
5 31 (2.81%) Apache
6 26 (2.36%) Jupyter
7 16 (1.45%) WebSphere
8 13 (1.18%) Confluence
9 11 (1.00%) IBM Domino
10 8 (0.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 8 (0.73%) Tornado
11 6 (0.54%) CMS
11 6 (0.54%) Drupal
11 6 (0.54%) nginx
11 6 (0.54%) SharePoint
11 6 (0.54%) WordPress
12 4 (0.36%) Apache Pig
12 4 (0.36%) Apache Solr
12 4 (0.36%) Luigi
13 3 (0.27%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 35 (3.18%) Chatbot
2 21 (1.91%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.64%) SPSS
4 5 (0.45%) Figma
5 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.18%) InVision
6 2 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.18%) Sketch
7 1 (0.091%) EViews
7 1 (0.091%) S-PLUS
7 1 (0.091%) Stata
Business Applications
1 10 (0.91%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.73%) R3 Corda
3 6 (0.54%) SAP ERP
4 5 (0.45%) SAP CRM
4 5 (0.45%) SAP IS-U
5 4 (0.36%) FastStats
6 2 (0.18%) Elite 3E
7 1 (0.091%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.091%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 445 (40.38%) AWS
2 204 (18.51%) Azure
3 193 (17.51%) GCP
4 72 (6.53%) SaaS
5 57 (5.17%) Power Platform
6 44 (3.99%) Dropbox
6 44 (3.99%) Slack
7 39 (3.54%) Cloud Computing
8 33 (2.99%) OpenShift
9 32 (2.90%) Amazon S3
10 31 (2.81%) Serverless
11 27 (2.45%) AWS CloudFormation
12 24 (2.18%) GitHub
13 18 (1.63%) Amazon EMR
14 15 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
14 15 (1.36%) Azure Active Directory
15 13 (1.18%) Amazon ECS
15 13 (1.18%) PaaS
16 12 (1.09%) iPaaS
17 11 (1.00%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.91%) Internet
2 16 (1.45%) Firewall
3 7 (0.64%) Network Security
4 6 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
5 5 (0.45%) 5G
5 5 (0.45%) HTTP
6 3 (0.27%) LAN
6 3 (0.27%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.27%) WAN
7 2 (0.18%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.18%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 251 (22.78%) Big Data
2 151 (13.70%) Hadoop
3 125 (11.34%) NoSQL
4 83 (7.53%) MongoDB
5 81 (7.35%) PostgreSQL
6 80 (7.26%) SQL Server
7 76 (6.90%) MySQL
8 65 (5.90%) Data Mining
9 58 (5.26%) Redis
10 53 (4.81%) Power BI
11 52 (4.72%) Apache Hive
12 43 (3.90%) Relational Database
12 43 (3.90%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 40 (3.63%) Apache Cassandra
13 40 (3.63%) Data Warehouse
14 37 (3.36%) Flink
15 34 (3.09%) Microsoft Analysis Services
16 33 (2.99%) Amazon Redshift
17 31 (2.81%) Neo4j
18 30 (2.72%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 86 (7.80%) Git (software)
2 51 (4.63%) Mocha
3 48 (4.36%) Cucumber
4 42 (3.81%) Jenkins
5 33 (2.99%) TeamCity
6 31 (2.81%) Octopus Deploy
7 27 (2.45%) JUnit
7 27 (2.45%) MSBuild
7 27 (2.45%) Selenium
8 26 (2.36%) CircleCI
9 24 (2.18%) JIRA
10 17 (1.54%) webpack
11 14 (1.27%) GitLab
12 11 (1.00%) IntelliJ
12 11 (1.00%) Vagrant
13 9 (0.82%) gulp
14 8 (0.73%) Maven
15 7 (0.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 7 (0.64%) Jasmine
16 5 (0.45%) Bitbucket
General
1 331 (30.04%) Finance
2 86 (7.80%) Marketing
3 83 (7.53%) Banking
4 57 (5.17%) Retail
5 56 (5.08%) Front Office
6 32 (2.90%) Law
7 27 (2.45%) Games
7 27 (2.45%) Legal
8 26 (2.36%) Telecoms
9 21 (1.91%) Public Sector
10 20 (1.81%) Financial Institution
11 19 (1.72%) Advertising
12 11 (1.00%) Manufacturing
12 11 (1.00%) Publishing
13 4 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
13 4 (0.36%) Police
14 3 (0.27%) Electronics
14 3 (0.27%) Investment Banking
15 2 (0.18%) Billing
15 2 (0.18%) Military
Job Titles
1 284 (25.77%) Developer
2 189 (17.15%) Data Scientist
3 139 (12.61%) Data Engineer
4 84 (7.62%) Software Engineer
5 76 (6.90%) Python Engineer
6 74 (6.72%) Senior Data Scientist
7 62 (5.63%) Java Developer
8 61 (5.54%) Python Developer
9 55 (4.99%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 55 (4.99%) Senior Developer
10 53 (4.81%) Java Engineer
11 50 (4.54%) Full Stack Developer
12 49 (4.45%) DevOps Engineer
13 47 (4.26%) .NET Developer
14 44 (3.99%) Architect
15 43 (3.90%) Java Software Engineer
16 42 (3.81%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 40 (3.63%) AWS Engineer
18 37 (3.36%) Analyst
19 35 (3.18%) Senior Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 161 (14.61%) Natural Language Processing
2 133 (12.07%) Web Services
3 128 (11.62%) React
4 112 (10.16%) Kafka
5 108 (9.80%) Node.js
6 107 (9.71%) TensorFlow
7 88 (7.99%) Pandas
8 81 (7.35%) scikit-learn
9 77 (6.99%) NumPy
10 73 (6.62%) .NET
11 71 (6.44%) AngularJS
12 62 (5.63%) CSS
12 62 (5.63%) HTML
13 60 (5.44%) Redux
14 56 (5.08%) Keras
15 51 (4.63%) SciPy
16 50 (4.54%) Jest
17 48 (4.36%) PyTorch
18 47 (4.26%) REST
19 37 (3.36%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 175 (15.88%) Algorithms
2 138 (12.52%) Analytical Skills
3 83 (7.53%) User Experience
4 45 (4.08%) Hedge funds
5 32 (2.90%) Social Network
6 27 (2.45%) Greenfield Project
6 27 (2.45%) Hybrid Cloud
6 27 (2.45%) Management Information System
7 25 (2.27%) Equities
8 19 (1.72%) Robotics
9 18 (1.63%) Cloud Native
9 18 (1.63%) Data Structures
10 14 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
10 14 (1.27%) Social Media
11 12 (1.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 12 (1.09%) Self-Motivation
12 10 (0.91%) Fixed Income
12 10 (0.91%) Virtual Team
13 9 (0.82%) Blog
13 9 (0.82%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 74 (6.72%) Linux
2 11 (1.00%) Windows
3 10 (0.91%) Android
4 8 (0.73%) Unix
5 7 (0.64%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (0.36%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.18%) CentOS
7 2 (0.18%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.18%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 485 (44.01%) Data Science
2 441 (40.02%) Artificial Intelligence
3 320 (29.04%) Agile Software Development
4 308 (27.95%) Analytics
5 222 (20.15%) Software Engineering
6 182 (16.52%) DevOps
7 166 (15.06%) Computer Science
8 154 (13.97%) Microservices
9 138 (12.52%) Mathematics
10 132 (11.98%) Deep Learning
11 122 (11.07%) Fintech
12 116 (10.53%) Statistics
13 109 (9.89%) Data Analytics
14 107 (9.71%) Asset Management
15 101 (9.17%) Visualisation
16 97 (8.80%) TDD
16 97 (8.80%) Test Automation
17 95 (8.62%) Problem-Solving
18 89 (8.08%) Neural Network
19 88 (7.99%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 636 (57.71%) Python
2 282 (25.59%) SQL
3 278 (25.23%) JavaScript
4 271 (24.59%) Java
5 154 (13.97%) R
6 108 (9.80%) C#
7 103 (9.35%) Scala
8 93 (8.44%) Go
9 62 (5.63%) C++
10 36 (3.27%) PHP
11 27 (2.45%) F#
12 23 (2.09%) MATLAB
13 22 (2.00%) Bash Shell
13 22 (2.00%) C
13 22 (2.00%) TypeScript
14 17 (1.54%) ES6
14 17 (1.54%) Kotlin
14 17 (1.54%) Perl
15 14 (1.27%) Java 8
15 14 (1.27%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 183 (16.61%) Degree
2 96 (8.71%) PhD
3 61 (5.54%) Computer Science Degree
4 29 (2.63%) Security Cleared
5 19 (1.72%) DV Cleared
6 18 (1.63%) Numerate Degree
7 16 (1.45%) SC Cleared
8 15 (1.36%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.82%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.091%) CISSP
10 1 (0.091%) IIBA
10 1 (0.091%) ISEB
10 1 (0.091%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.091%) MBA
10 1 (0.091%) OSWP
10 1 (0.091%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 1 (0.091%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (5.81%) QA
2 21 (1.91%) Data Quality
3 18 (1.63%) NIST
4 8 (0.73%) Actionable Recommendations
4 8 (0.73%) GDPR
5 7 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.18%) IEC 62304
6 2 (0.18%) SLA
7 1 (0.091%) COBIT
7 1 (0.091%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.091%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 255 (23.14%) Docker
2 15 (1.36%) Active Directory
3 11 (1.00%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 5 (0.45%) HDFS
4 5 (0.45%) VirtualBox
5 4 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.36%) vSphere
6 3 (0.27%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.18%) vCloud
7 2 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 241 (21.87%) Kubernetes
2 108 (9.80%) Terraform
3 57 (5.17%) Ansible
4 35 (3.18%) Puppet
5 26 (2.36%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (2.27%) Istio
7 13 (1.18%) Netcool
7 13 (1.18%) Opsview
8 11 (1.00%) Marathon
8 11 (1.00%) Mesos
9 8 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
9 8 (0.73%) Kubeflow
10 6 (0.54%) Prometheus
11 5 (0.45%) Salt
12 4 (0.36%) Kibana
12 4 (0.36%) Oozie
13 2 (0.18%) Grafana
13 2 (0.18%) Rancher
13 2 (0.18%) SCCM
14 1 (0.091%) linkerd
Vendors
1 70 (6.35%) Tableau
2 63 (5.72%) Google
3 44 (3.99%) CrowdStrike
4 34 (3.09%) Microsoft
5 28 (2.54%) Databricks
6 19 (1.72%) Oracle
7 17 (1.54%) Facebook
8 16 (1.45%) Informatica
9 14 (1.27%) TOWER Software
10 13 (1.18%) AppDynamics
10 13 (1.18%) Dynatrace
10 13 (1.18%) SevOne
11 12 (1.09%) SAP
12 9 (0.82%) Splunk
13 8 (0.73%) Adobe
14 7 (0.64%) Alteryx
15 6 (0.54%) Cloudera
15 6 (0.54%) Yahoo!
16 5 (0.45%) SnapLogic
16 5 (0.45%) TIBCO