Period
to 20 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 20 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
20 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 61 62 83
Rank change year-on-year +1 +21 +62
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 888 2,403 2,505
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 4.50% 4.43% 3.71%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.83% 4.75% 4.00%
Number of salaries quoted 809 2,049 2,096
Median annual salary £72,500 £75,000 £72,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.33% +3.45% +11.54%
10th Percentile £45,000 £47,500 £43,750
90th Percentile £109,000 £115,000 £110,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £65,000

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 18,402 50,586 62,581
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.18% 93.26% 92.70%
Number of salaries quoted 15,345 40,731 50,325
Median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £42,500 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £107,500 £98,750 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,050
% change year-on-year +4.76% +0.86% +4.10%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 20 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 20 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -9 150 £75,000 - 71
East London +39 17 £50,000 -28.57% 11
West London +26 15 £71,250 +14.00% 14
North London - 5 £65,000 - 4
South London +16 2 £77,250 +18.85% 3
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 20 October 2020, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 580 (65.32%) Python
2 393 (44.26%) Artificial Intelligence
3 358 (40.32%) AWS
4 330 (37.16%) Data Science
5 320 (36.04%) Finance
6 278 (31.31%) Agile Software Development
7 254 (28.60%) Java
8 246 (27.70%) SQL
9 240 (27.03%) Analytics
10 218 (24.55%) JavaScript
11 205 (23.09%) Kubernetes
12 193 (21.73%) Docker
13 173 (19.48%) Big Data
14 169 (19.03%) Algorithms
15 165 (18.58%) Azure
16 161 (18.13%) Natural Language Processing
17 159 (17.91%) GCP
18 151 (17.00%) Software Engineering
19 149 (16.78%) DevOps
20 141 (15.88%) Banking
21 138 (15.54%) Apache Spark
22 137 (15.43%) Degree
23 136 (15.32%) Asset Management
24 133 (14.98%) Mathematics
25 124 (13.96%) Computer Science
26 115 (12.95%) TensorFlow
27 113 (12.73%) Microservices
28 111 (12.50%) Deep Learning
29 107 (12.05%) Node.js
30 99 (11.15%) Fintech

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (15.54%) Apache Spark
2 28 (3.15%) Elasticsearch
3 22 (2.48%) SAS
4 21 (2.36%) Apache Airflow
5 14 (1.58%) Apache
6 12 (1.35%) Confluence
7 10 (1.13%) Jupyter
7 10 (1.13%) WebSphere
8 5 (0.56%) Tornado
9 3 (0.34%) IBM Domino
9 3 (0.34%) Luigi
9 3 (0.34%) SharePoint
10 2 (0.23%) ArcGIS
10 2 (0.23%) MS Exchange
11 1 (0.11%) Apache Pig
11 1 (0.11%) CMS
11 1 (0.11%) GlassFish
11 1 (0.11%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.11%) WordPress
Applications
1 37 (4.17%) Chatbot
2 10 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.56%) SPSS
4 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.11%) Figma
5 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.11%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 9 (1.01%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.90%) R3 Corda
3 7 (0.79%) Loan IQ
4 1 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.11%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 358 (40.32%) AWS
2 165 (18.58%) Azure
3 159 (17.91%) GCP
4 57 (6.42%) SaaS
5 41 (4.62%) Amazon S3
5 41 (4.62%) Power Platform
6 36 (4.05%) AWS CloudFormation
6 36 (4.05%) Serverless
7 28 (3.15%) OpenShift
8 27 (3.04%) GitHub
9 17 (1.91%) Amazon EC2
10 15 (1.69%) Amazon SageMaker
10 15 (1.69%) Azure Active Directory
11 14 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
12 12 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
13 11 (1.24%) Amazon EMR
14 9 (1.01%) Amazon ECS
14 9 (1.01%) Amazon SQS
14 9 (1.01%) iPaaS
15 8 (0.90%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 14 (1.58%) Firewall
2 12 (1.35%) Internet
3 7 (0.79%) 5G
4 6 (0.68%) Wi-Fi
5 5 (0.56%) Parlay
6 3 (0.34%) HTTP
6 3 (0.34%) LAN
6 3 (0.34%) Network Security
6 3 (0.34%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.34%) WAN
7 2 (0.23%) Cisco Firepower
7 2 (0.23%) NAS
8 1 (0.11%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.11%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 173 (19.48%) Big Data
2 95 (10.70%) Hadoop
3 93 (10.47%) NoSQL
4 44 (4.95%) PostgreSQL
5 41 (4.62%) MongoDB
6 40 (4.50%) Power BI
6 40 (4.50%) Relational Database
7 39 (4.39%) SQL Server
8 36 (4.05%) Data Mining
9 32 (3.60%) Apache Hive
10 31 (3.49%) Amazon Redshift
11 30 (3.38%) Apache Cassandra
12 25 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
12 25 (2.82%) RDBMS
13 24 (2.70%) MySQL
14 22 (2.48%) Blockchain
14 22 (2.48%) Data Lake
15 19 (2.14%) Redis
16 17 (1.91%) BigQuery
16 17 (1.91%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 70 (7.88%) Git (software)
2 41 (4.62%) Cucumber
2 41 (4.62%) Mocha
3 34 (3.83%) Jenkins
4 25 (2.82%) JIRA
4 25 (2.82%) Selenium
5 21 (2.36%) CircleCI
6 19 (2.14%) JUnit
7 9 (1.01%) IntelliJ
8 8 (0.90%) Jasmine
9 7 (0.79%) Appium
9 7 (0.79%) GitLab
9 7 (0.79%) Spock
9 7 (0.79%) webpack
10 6 (0.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 6 (0.68%) TeamCity
11 5 (0.56%) Bitbucket
11 5 (0.56%) Maven
11 5 (0.56%) Pylint
11 5 (0.56%) Sourcetree
General
1 320 (36.04%) Finance
2 141 (15.88%) Banking
3 62 (6.98%) Front Office
4 54 (6.08%) Marketing
5 49 (5.52%) Investment Banking
6 38 (4.28%) Retail
7 25 (2.82%) Telecoms
8 24 (2.70%) Games
9 21 (2.36%) Financial Institution
10 20 (2.25%) Advertising
11 17 (1.91%) Manufacturing
12 16 (1.80%) Legal
13 11 (1.24%) Law
14 9 (1.01%) Public Sector
15 8 (0.90%) Publishing
16 5 (0.56%) Local Government
16 5 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
17 4 (0.45%) Electronics
18 1 (0.11%) Aerospace
18 1 (0.11%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 248 (27.93%) Developer
2 130 (14.64%) Data Scientist
3 95 (10.70%) Data Engineer
4 80 (9.01%) Python Engineer
5 78 (8.78%) Python Developer
6 67 (7.55%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 58 (6.53%) DevOps Engineer
7 58 (6.53%) Senior Data Scientist
8 55 (6.19%) Software Engineer
9 51 (5.74%) Java Developer
9 51 (5.74%) Senior Developer
10 38 (4.28%) Senior Data Engineer
11 37 (4.17%) Architect
11 37 (4.17%) JavaScript Developer
12 32 (3.60%) AWS Engineer
13 31 (3.49%) Java Engineer
14 27 (3.04%) Support Engineer
15 25 (2.82%) Analyst
15 25 (2.82%) Applications Engineer
15 25 (2.82%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 161 (18.13%) Natural Language Processing
2 115 (12.95%) TensorFlow
3 107 (12.05%) Node.js
4 85 (9.57%) Web Services
5 84 (9.46%) Kafka
6 80 (9.01%) React
7 75 (8.45%) NumPy
8 71 (8.00%) Pandas
9 68 (7.66%) scikit-learn
10 61 (6.87%) Redux
11 59 (6.64%) AngularJS
11 59 (6.64%) PyTorch
12 45 (5.07%) Keras
13 44 (4.95%) Jest
14 39 (4.39%) REST
14 39 (4.39%) SciPy
15 37 (4.17%) Spring
15 37 (4.17%) Spring Boot
16 32 (3.60%) CSS
17 31 (3.49%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 169 (19.03%) Algorithms
2 77 (8.67%) Hedge funds
3 74 (8.33%) Analytical Skills
3 74 (8.33%) Equities
4 57 (6.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 56 (6.31%) Fixed Income
6 44 (4.95%) Derivative
7 39 (4.39%) Social Network
8 31 (3.49%) Greenfield Project
9 27 (3.04%) Management Information System
10 26 (2.93%) Mobile App
11 22 (2.48%) Data Structures
12 21 (2.36%) Blog
12 21 (2.36%) User Experience
13 19 (2.14%) Robotics
14 15 (1.69%) Hybrid Cloud
15 13 (1.46%) Cloud Native
16 12 (1.35%) FMCG
17 11 (1.24%) Social Media
18 9 (1.01%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 66 (7.43%) Linux
2 25 (2.82%) Android
3 22 (2.48%) Apple iOS
4 9 (1.01%) Unix
4 9 (1.01%) Windows
5 2 (0.23%) Mac OS
5 2 (0.23%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.11%) Robot Operating System
6 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 393 (44.26%) Artificial Intelligence
2 330 (37.16%) Data Science
3 278 (31.31%) Agile Software Development
4 240 (27.03%) Analytics
5 151 (17.00%) Software Engineering
6 149 (16.78%) DevOps
7 136 (15.32%) Asset Management
8 133 (14.98%) Mathematics
9 124 (13.96%) Computer Science
10 113 (12.73%) Microservices
11 111 (12.50%) Deep Learning
12 99 (11.15%) Fintech
13 93 (10.47%) Test Automation
14 87 (9.80%) Visualisation
15 86 (9.68%) TDD
16 82 (9.23%) Statistics
17 81 (9.12%) Neural Network
18 71 (8.00%) Data Analytics
19 69 (7.77%) Open Source
20 59 (6.64%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 580 (65.32%) Python
2 254 (28.60%) Java
3 246 (27.70%) SQL
4 218 (24.55%) JavaScript
5 97 (10.92%) R
6 90 (10.14%) Scala
7 81 (9.12%) Go
8 65 (7.32%) C#
9 60 (6.76%) C++
10 25 (2.82%) C
11 24 (2.70%) PHP
11 24 (2.70%) TypeScript
12 22 (2.48%) Kotlin
13 20 (2.25%) ES6
14 19 (2.14%) MATLAB
15 18 (2.03%) Java 8
15 18 (2.03%) Ruby
16 17 (1.91%) Shell Script
17 11 (1.24%) Perl
18 7 (0.79%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 137 (15.43%) Degree
2 82 (9.23%) PhD
3 41 (4.62%) Computer Science Degree
4 29 (3.27%) Master's Degree
5 12 (1.35%) Numerate Degree
6 9 (1.01%) Security Cleared
7 7 (0.79%) SC Cleared
8 5 (0.56%) AWS Certification
8 5 (0.56%) Postgraduate
9 4 (0.45%) CISM
9 4 (0.45%) CISSP
10 3 (0.34%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.11%) CCIE Security
11 1 (0.11%) CCSA
11 1 (0.11%) GCFA
11 1 (0.11%) GIAC
11 1 (0.11%) GISP
11 1 (0.11%) IIBA
11 1 (0.11%) JNCIA
11 1 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (4.39%) QA
2 14 (1.58%) MiFID
2 14 (1.58%) NIST
3 13 (1.46%) Dodd-Frank
3 13 (1.46%) EMIR
4 12 (1.35%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.23%) ISO 13485
6 2 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.23%) SLA
7 1 (0.11%) GAMP
7 1 (0.11%) Good Clinical Practice
7 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 193 (21.73%) Docker
2 16 (1.80%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.23%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.11%) HDFS
5 1 (0.11%) vCloud
5 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 205 (23.09%) Kubernetes
2 95 (10.70%) Terraform
3 59 (6.64%) Ansible
4 38 (4.28%) Puppet
5 27 (3.04%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (2.48%) Istio
7 15 (1.69%) Mesos
8 14 (1.58%) Marathon
9 10 (1.13%) Netcool
9 10 (1.13%) Opsview
10 2 (0.23%) Kibana
10 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Intune
10 2 (0.23%) SCCM
11 1 (0.11%) QRadar
11 1 (0.11%) SCOM
Vendors
1 54 (6.08%) Tableau
2 45 (5.07%) Google
3 40 (4.50%) Microsoft
4 36 (4.05%) Databricks
5 15 (1.69%) Facebook
6 12 (1.35%) Informatica
7 10 (1.13%) AppDynamics
7 10 (1.13%) Dynatrace
7 10 (1.13%) SevOne
7 10 (1.13%) TOWER Software
8 9 (1.01%) Oracle
9 8 (0.90%) Alteryx
9 8 (0.90%) Cloudera
10 7 (0.79%) Murex
10 7 (0.79%) Splunk
11 6 (0.68%) SAP
12 5 (0.56%) Red Hat
13 4 (0.45%) Apple
14 3 (0.34%) Kofax
14 3 (0.34%) Sony