Period
to 15 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 15 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
15 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 65 63 63
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 +22
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,615 883 2,432
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.20% 4.56% 4.44%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.45% 4.86% 4.74%
Number of salaries quoted 1,131 749 1,954
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £47,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £57,500 £58,563
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.33% - +3.45%
75th Percentile £92,500 £93,750 £92,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £114,000 £115,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £65,000

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,011 18,185 51,299
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.52% 93.85% 93.62%
Number of salaries quoted 31,310 15,382 41,732
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £88,750 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £107,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 15 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +4 260 £68,000 -9.33% 82
West London -4 97 £70,000 -3.45% 29
South London -8 27 £77,500 -5.49%
East London -17 19 £85,000 +74.36% 26
North London -14 2 £48,545 -25.32% 1
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 15 October 2021, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,549 (59.24%) Python
2 1,221 (46.69%) Data Science
3 1,168 (44.67%) Artificial Intelligence
4 1,005 (38.43%) AWS
5 861 (32.93%) Agile Software Development
6 829 (31.70%) Analytics
7 779 (29.79%) SQL
8 754 (28.83%) Software Engineering
9 725 (27.72%) Finance
10 668 (25.54%) GCP
11 619 (23.67%) JavaScript
12 579 (22.14%) Docker
13 572 (21.87%) React
14 540 (20.65%) Algorithms
15 539 (20.61%) Azure
16 521 (19.92%) Kubernetes
17 518 (19.81%) Java
18 491 (18.78%) Social Skills
19 450 (17.21%) Microservices
20 438 (16.75%) DevOps
21 435 (16.63%) Big Data
22 386 (14.76%) Degree
22 386 (14.76%) Full Stack Development
23 380 (14.53%) Google
24 367 (14.03%) TypeScript
25 356 (13.61%) Computer Science
26 342 (13.08%) Node.js
27 325 (12.43%) Problem-Solving
28 323 (12.35%) User Experience
29 321 (12.28%) Serverless

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 308 (11.78%) Apache Spark
2 135 (5.16%) Elasticsearch
3 107 (4.09%) Apache Airflow
4 73 (2.79%) Apache
5 57 (2.18%) Jupyter
6 53 (2.03%) Confluence
7 24 (0.92%) SAS
8 15 (0.57%) Appian
8 15 (0.57%) CMS
9 13 (0.50%) Luigi
10 8 (0.31%) Tornado
11 6 (0.23%) Ethereum
11 6 (0.23%) IIS
11 6 (0.23%) Mule
12 5 (0.19%) nginx
12 5 (0.19%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.15%) Apache Pig
14 3 (0.11%) Oracle Workflow
15 2 (0.076%) Apache Solr
15 2 (0.076%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 44 (1.68%) Chatbot
2 19 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
5 5 (0.19%) Fireworks
5 5 (0.19%) Photoshop
6 4 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.076%) Figma
8 1 (0.038%) CPLEX
8 1 (0.038%) InVision
8 1 (0.038%) Sketch
8 1 (0.038%) SPSS
8 1 (0.038%) Weka
Business Applications
1 13 (0.50%) Payment Gateway
1 13 (0.50%) Shopify
2 7 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.15%) Summit
4 2 (0.076%) FINCAD Analytics
4 2 (0.076%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 2 (0.076%) SAP MDG
4 2 (0.076%) SAP R/3
4 2 (0.076%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.038%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,005 (38.43%) AWS
2 668 (25.54%) GCP
3 539 (20.61%) Azure
4 321 (12.28%) Serverless
5 124 (4.74%) Power Platform
6 112 (4.28%) GitHub
7 109 (4.17%) SaaS
8 105 (4.02%) AWS Lambda
9 86 (3.29%) Cloud Computing
10 81 (3.10%) Amazon S3
11 62 (2.37%) Cloud Functions
12 57 (2.18%) Azure Functions
12 57 (2.18%) PaaS
13 56 (2.14%) Amazon SageMaker
14 55 (2.10%) AWS CloudFormation
15 52 (1.99%) Snowflake
16 47 (1.80%) Amazon Kinesis
17 39 (1.49%) Amazon ECS
18 37 (1.41%) Firebase
19 32 (1.22%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 62 (2.37%) HTTP
2 38 (1.45%) Internet
3 27 (1.03%) Broadband
4 21 (0.80%) TCP/IP
5 17 (0.65%) Kerberos
5 17 (0.65%) SSH
6 13 (0.50%) Network Security
7 10 (0.38%) DNS
8 9 (0.34%) DHCP
8 9 (0.34%) SNMP
8 9 (0.34%) VPN
9 8 (0.31%) FTP
9 8 (0.31%) HTTPS
9 8 (0.31%) IPsec
9 8 (0.31%) IPv4
9 8 (0.31%) IPv6
9 8 (0.31%) SMTP
10 7 (0.27%) Wireless
11 4 (0.15%) Firewall
11 4 (0.15%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 435 (16.63%) Big Data
2 281 (10.75%) PostgreSQL
3 231 (8.83%) NoSQL
4 156 (5.97%) Relational Database
5 142 (5.43%) Hadoop
6 136 (5.20%) Data Warehouse
7 128 (4.89%) MongoDB
8 124 (4.74%) MySQL
9 111 (4.24%) Tableau
10 107 (4.09%) BigQuery
11 105 (4.02%) SQL Server
12 103 (3.94%) Redis
13 99 (3.79%) Power BI
14 82 (3.14%) Data Mining
15 76 (2.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 65 (2.49%) Looker
17 57 (2.18%) Data Lake
18 52 (1.99%) Metadata
19 45 (1.72%) Apache Hive
20 43 (1.64%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 297 (11.36%) Git (software)
2 147 (5.62%) Jenkins
3 108 (4.13%) JIRA
4 66 (2.52%) Cypress.io
5 53 (2.03%) GitLab
6 46 (1.76%) Maven
7 42 (1.61%) TeamCity
8 41 (1.57%) webpack
9 36 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
10 34 (1.30%) Gradle
10 34 (1.30%) Jasmine
11 33 (1.26%) Selenium
12 30 (1.15%) CircleCI
13 26 (0.99%) Bitbucket
13 26 (0.99%) Postman
13 26 (0.99%) Team Foundation Server
14 24 (0.92%) Mockito
15 18 (0.69%) gulp
16 17 (0.65%) Mocha
17 15 (0.57%) SpecFlow
General
1 725 (27.72%) Finance
2 491 (18.78%) Social Skills
3 247 (9.45%) Analytical Skills
4 237 (9.06%) Banking
5 217 (8.30%) Retail
6 190 (7.27%) Marketing
7 127 (4.86%) Games
8 113 (4.32%) Law
9 87 (3.33%) Legal
10 82 (3.14%) Advertising
10 82 (3.14%) Telecoms
11 79 (3.02%) Presentation Skills
12 76 (2.91%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 61 (2.33%) Pharmaceutical
13 61 (2.33%) Public Sector
14 59 (2.26%) Financial Institution
15 54 (2.07%) Front Office
16 39 (1.49%) Publishing
17 35 (1.34%) Investment Banking
18 28 (1.07%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 498 (19.04%) Developer
2 318 (12.16%) Data Scientist
3 296 (11.32%) Software Engineer
4 208 (7.95%) Data Engineer
5 205 (7.84%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 114 (4.36%) Senior Software Engineer
7 113 (4.32%) Senior Developer
8 108 (4.13%) Architect
9 105 (4.02%) Python Engineer
10 93 (3.56%) Full Stack Developer
11 90 (3.44%) Senior Data Scientist
12 88 (3.37%) Python Developer
13 72 (2.75%) Analyst
14 67 (2.56%) Backend Developer
15 60 (2.29%) Consultant
15 60 (2.29%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 60 (2.29%) Java Developer
16 59 (2.26%) Product Manager
17 49 (1.87%) Machine Learning Scientist
18 43 (1.64%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 572 (21.87%) React
2 342 (13.08%) Node.js
3 275 (10.52%) REST
4 254 (9.71%) TensorFlow
5 236 (9.02%) GraphQL
6 222 (8.49%) CSS
7 203 (7.76%) HTML
8 201 (7.69%) Kafka
9 193 (7.38%) PyTorch
10 187 (7.15%) AngularJS
11 177 (6.77%) .NET
12 173 (6.62%) Redux
12 173 (6.62%) RESTful
13 169 (6.46%) scikit-learn
14 148 (5.66%) Pandas
15 141 (5.39%) Flask
16 140 (5.35%) Django
17 129 (4.93%) Web Services
18 121 (4.63%) Vue.js
19 114 (4.36%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 540 (20.65%) Algorithms
2 323 (12.35%) User Experience
3 94 (3.59%) Data Structures
4 80 (3.06%) Greenfield Project
5 72 (2.75%) Cloud Native
6 70 (2.68%) Virtual Team
7 69 (2.64%) Hedge funds
8 55 (2.10%) Self-Motivation
9 54 (2.07%) Blog
10 52 (1.99%) Mobile App
11 48 (1.84%) Equities
12 47 (1.80%) Augmented Reality
13 44 (1.68%) Social Media
14 43 (1.64%) Fixed Income
15 38 (1.45%) Derivative
15 38 (1.45%) NHS
16 36 (1.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 35 (1.34%) CUDA
18 34 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
18 34 (1.30%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 179 (6.85%) Linux
2 100 (3.82%) Apple iOS
3 97 (3.71%) Android
4 68 (2.60%) Unix
5 20 (0.76%) Windows
6 9 (0.34%) Mesosphere
6 9 (0.34%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.11%) DC/OS
7 3 (0.11%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.11%) Robot Operating System
8 1 (0.038%) CentOS
8 1 (0.038%) Debian
8 1 (0.038%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,221 (46.69%) Data Science
2 1,168 (44.67%) Artificial Intelligence
3 861 (32.93%) Agile Software Development
4 829 (31.70%) Analytics
5 754 (28.83%) Software Engineering
6 450 (17.21%) Microservices
7 438 (16.75%) DevOps
8 386 (14.76%) Full Stack Development
9 356 (13.61%) Computer Science
10 325 (12.43%) Problem-Solving
11 318 (12.16%) Visualisation
12 311 (11.89%) Mathematics
13 299 (11.43%) Natural Language Processing
14 265 (10.13%) Data Engineering
15 258 (9.87%) Statistics
16 255 (9.75%) Continuous Integration
17 250 (9.56%) TDD
17 250 (9.56%) Test Automation
18 249 (9.52%) Fintech
19 237 (9.06%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,549 (59.24%) Python
2 779 (29.79%) SQL
3 619 (23.67%) JavaScript
4 518 (19.81%) Java
5 367 (14.03%) TypeScript
6 212 (8.11%) C++
7 208 (7.95%) C#
8 175 (6.69%) Go
9 170 (6.50%) R
10 166 (6.35%) Scala
11 85 (3.25%) C
12 74 (2.83%) MATLAB
13 71 (2.72%) Ruby
14 69 (2.64%) Shell Script
15 60 (2.29%) ES6
16 48 (1.84%) Bash Shell
17 46 (1.76%) Java 8
18 38 (1.45%) Kotlin
19 33 (1.26%) Elixir
20 26 (0.99%) Rust
Qualifications
1 386 (14.76%) Degree
2 161 (6.16%) PhD
3 106 (4.05%) Computer Science Degree
4 61 (2.33%) Master's Degree
5 22 (0.84%) Security Cleared
6 15 (0.57%) AWS Certification
6 15 (0.57%) Six Sigma Green Belt
7 9 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
8 8 (0.31%) DBS Check
8 8 (0.31%) MCSA
8 8 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
8 8 (0.31%) Postgraduate
9 5 (0.19%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.19%) SC Cleared
10 4 (0.15%) CFA
11 2 (0.076%) CEH
11 2 (0.076%) CISSP
11 2 (0.076%) OSCP
12 1 (0.038%) BPSS Clearance
12 1 (0.038%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 161 (6.16%) QA
2 104 (3.98%) Data Quality
3 51 (1.95%) GDPR
4 30 (1.15%) Accessibility
5 17 (0.65%) PSD2
6 9 (0.34%) Dodd-Frank
6 9 (0.34%) EMIR
6 9 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.34%) MiFID
7 6 (0.23%) WAI
8 4 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
9 3 (0.11%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.038%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.038%) IFRS
10 1 (0.038%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.038%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 579 (22.14%) Docker
2 14 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 11 (0.42%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.42%) etcd
4 6 (0.23%) Ceph
5 5 (0.19%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.15%) Snort
7 3 (0.11%) HDFS
7 3 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.038%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.038%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 521 (19.92%) Kubernetes
2 301 (11.51%) Terraform
3 97 (3.71%) Ansible
4 72 (2.75%) Prometheus
5 46 (1.76%) Grafana
6 31 (1.19%) Puppet
7 30 (1.15%) Kubeflow
8 28 (1.07%) Opscode Chef
9 14 (0.54%) logstash
10 13 (0.50%) Consul
10 13 (0.50%) Kibana
11 11 (0.42%) Istio
12 9 (0.34%) Automic
12 9 (0.34%) Oozie
13 8 (0.31%) Control-M
14 6 (0.23%) Galera Cluster
15 5 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
16 4 (0.15%) HAProxy
16 4 (0.15%) Opsgenie
16 4 (0.15%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 380 (14.53%) Google
2 132 (5.05%) Microsoft
3 66 (2.52%) Databricks
4 62 (2.37%) Samsung
5 42 (1.61%) Dell
6 35 (1.34%) Facebook
7 30 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
8 29 (1.11%) Splunk
9 28 (1.07%) Oracle
10 27 (1.03%) Apple
11 22 (0.84%) SAP
11 22 (0.84%) Snapchat
11 22 (0.84%) TikTok
12 20 (0.76%) Yahoo!
12 20 (0.76%) YouTube
13 17 (0.65%) MuleSoft
14 16 (0.61%) Automation Anywhere
14 16 (0.61%) Cloudera
14 16 (0.61%) IBM
14 16 (0.61%) New Relic