Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 82 141 212
Rank change year-on-year +59 +71 +149
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,505 1,840 1,290
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 3.71% 2.48% 1.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.05% 2.67% 1.82%
Number of salaries quoted 2,052 1,558 1,166
London median annual salary £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.54% - -
10th Percentile £43,750 £45,000 £38,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 61,894 68,868 70,789
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 91.69% 92.82% 92.01%
Number of salaries quoted 49,732 52,697 61,082
London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £33,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £52,225 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.45% - +5.26%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +28 503 £72,500 +7.41% 105
West London +59 80 £60,000 -2.04% 58
East London +16 40 £95,000 +26.67% 27
South London +3 15 £62,500 +56.25% 2
North London -5 8 £70,000 +12.00% 10
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,413 (56.41%) Python
2 1,014 (40.48%) Artificial Intelligence
3 967 (38.60%) Data Science
4 810 (32.34%) Analytics
5 732 (29.22%) SQL
6 728 (29.06%) Java
7 720 (28.74%) Big Data
8 668 (26.67%) Agile Software Development
9 655 (26.15%) Finance
10 543 (21.68%) Computer Science
11 501 (20.00%) Degree
12 472 (18.84%) Apache Spark
12 472 (18.84%) Algorithms
13 468 (18.68%) JavaScript
14 462 (18.44%) Amazon AWS
15 449 (17.92%) R
16 442 (17.64%) Deep Learning
17 438 (17.49%) Hadoop
18 436 (17.41%) Software Engineering
19 414 (16.53%) Mathematics
20 384 (15.33%) Statistics
21 375 (14.97%) Natural Language Processing
22 371 (14.81%) C++
23 367 (14.65%) PhD
24 365 (14.57%) Microsoft Azure
25 347 (13.85%) NoSQL
26 335 (13.37%) DevOps
27 318 (12.69%) Analytical Skills
28 315 (12.57%) Docker
29 287 (11.46%) Scala

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 472 (18.84%) Apache Spark
2 121 (4.83%) Apache
3 101 (4.03%) Elasticsearch
4 92 (3.67%) SAS
5 42 (1.68%) Apache Pig
6 22 (0.88%) Confluence
7 19 (0.76%) WordPress
8 18 (0.72%) Apache Solr
8 18 (0.72%) Tomcat
9 16 (0.64%) CMS
10 14 (0.56%) Ethereum
10 14 (0.56%) Hyperledger
10 14 (0.56%) Jupyter
11 10 (0.40%) Amazon Alexa
12 8 (0.32%) GlassFish
12 8 (0.32%) MS Exchange
12 8 (0.32%) SharePoint
13 7 (0.28%) Apache Airflow
13 7 (0.28%) IIS
13 7 (0.28%) JBoss
Applications
1 43 (1.72%) Chatbot
2 27 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
3 24 (0.96%) SPSS
4 22 (0.88%) Microsoft Office
5 18 (0.72%) Adobe Illustrator
5 18 (0.72%) Photoshop
6 7 (0.28%) GNU Octave
6 7 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.28%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.12%) Stata
9 2 (0.080%) Snapchat
10 1 (0.040%) CPLEX
10 1 (0.040%) Mingle
10 1 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.040%) UXPin
10 1 (0.040%) Weka
Business Applications
1 9 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.16%) Ripple
3 3 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.080%) JDE OneWorld
4 2 (0.080%) SAP MDG
4 2 (0.080%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.040%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.040%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.040%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.040%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
5 1 (0.040%) SAP IBP
5 1 (0.040%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 462 (18.44%) Amazon AWS
2 365 (14.57%) Microsoft Azure
3 166 (6.63%) Google Cloud Platform
4 88 (3.51%) Cloud Computing
5 75 (2.99%) PaaS
6 71 (2.83%) GitHub
7 69 (2.75%) SaaS
8 60 (2.40%) Azure Data Factory
9 51 (2.04%) Azure Machine Learning
9 51 (2.04%) Serverless
10 36 (1.44%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
11 35 (1.40%) Amazon S3
12 32 (1.28%) Amazon EC2
13 27 (1.08%) Data Lake Analytics
14 23 (0.92%) IaaS
15 21 (0.84%) AWS Lambda
16 18 (0.72%) Office 365
17 17 (0.68%) Amazon Kinesis
17 17 (0.68%) Amazon SageMaker
18 14 (0.56%) Siri
Communications & Networking
1 65 (2.59%) HTTP
2 34 (1.36%) Internet
3 18 (0.72%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
4 17 (0.68%) Sourcefire
5 10 (0.40%) Bluetooth
5 10 (0.40%) DNS
5 10 (0.40%) NFC
6 9 (0.36%) Network Security
7 7 (0.28%) SAN
7 7 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
8 6 (0.24%) Firewall
8 6 (0.24%) Skype
9 5 (0.20%) SSL
9 5 (0.20%) VPN
10 4 (0.16%) Broadband
10 4 (0.16%) HTTPS
10 4 (0.16%) Intranet
10 4 (0.16%) LAN
10 4 (0.16%) TCP/IP
10 4 (0.16%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 720 (28.74%) Big Data
2 438 (17.49%) Hadoop
3 347 (13.85%) NoSQL
4 201 (8.02%) Data Warehouse
5 172 (6.87%) Apache Hive
6 163 (6.51%) Apache Cassandra
7 160 (6.39%) MongoDB
8 143 (5.71%) PostgreSQL
9 141 (5.63%) Relational Database
10 139 (5.55%) Blockchain
11 127 (5.07%) Data Lake
12 122 (4.87%) Power BI
13 114 (4.55%) Data Mining
14 102 (4.07%) SQL Server
15 94 (3.75%) HBase
16 89 (3.55%) MySQL
17 72 (2.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 70 (2.79%) Azure SQL Database
18 70 (2.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 64 (2.55%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 240 (9.58%) Git (software)
2 110 (4.39%) Jenkins
3 62 (2.48%) Maven
4 54 (2.16%) JUnit
5 50 (2.00%) JIRA
6 39 (1.56%) Gradle
7 37 (1.48%) Visual Studio
8 35 (1.40%) Selenium
9 33 (1.32%) Cucumber
10 18 (0.72%) CircleCI
10 18 (0.72%) gulp
10 18 (0.72%) Mockito
10 18 (0.72%) TeamCity
11 17 (0.68%) Bitbucket
11 17 (0.68%) Vagrant
12 15 (0.60%) Balsamiq Mockups
12 15 (0.60%) GitLab
12 15 (0.60%) webpack
13 13 (0.52%) git-flow
13 13 (0.52%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 655 (26.15%) Finance
2 275 (10.98%) Banking
3 161 (6.43%) Marketing
4 159 (6.35%) Retail
5 100 (3.99%) Games
6 94 (3.75%) Investment Banking
7 87 (3.47%) Advertising
7 87 (3.47%) Financial Institution
8 78 (3.11%) Law
9 54 (2.16%) Publishing
10 47 (1.88%) Front Office
11 37 (1.48%) Telecoms
12 31 (1.24%) Electronics
13 25 (1.00%) Retail Banking
14 24 (0.96%) Pharmaceutical
15 21 (0.84%) Military
16 18 (0.72%) Manufacturing
17 17 (0.68%) Legal
18 13 (0.52%) Back Office
19 12 (0.48%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 664 (26.51%) Developer
2 483 (19.28%) Data Scientist
3 192 (7.66%) Data Engineer
4 183 (7.31%) Senior Data Scientist
5 172 (6.87%) Python Developer
6 153 (6.11%) Consultant
7 131 (5.23%) Java Developer
8 130 (5.19%) Architect
9 124 (4.95%) Software Engineer
10 114 (4.55%) Senior Developer
11 110 (4.39%) Machine Learning Engineer
12 109 (4.35%) Machine Learning Scientist
13 106 (4.23%) Python Engineer
14 98 (3.91%) Analyst
15 84 (3.35%) Machine Learning Researcher
16 72 (2.87%) Big Data Engineer
16 72 (2.87%) DevOps Engineer
17 63 (2.51%) Full Stack Developer
17 63 (2.51%) Machine Learning Developer
18 62 (2.48%) Data Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 375 (14.97%) Natural Language Processing
2 241 (9.62%) TensorFlow
3 222 (8.86%) Node.js
4 220 (8.78%) React
5 199 (7.94%) AngularJS
6 192 (7.66%) CSS
7 186 (7.43%) HTML
8 176 (7.03%) Kafka
9 174 (6.95%) RESTful
10 142 (5.67%) REST
11 126 (5.03%) Web Services
12 123 (4.91%) .NET
13 105 (4.19%) NumPy
14 101 (4.03%) Pandas
15 95 (3.79%) scikit-learn
16 90 (3.59%) Django
17 87 (3.47%) Spring
18 75 (2.99%) SciPy
19 70 (2.79%) Keras
20 68 (2.71%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 543 (21.68%) Computer Science
2 472 (18.84%) Algorithms
3 318 (12.69%) Analytical Skills
4 252 (10.06%) Fintech
5 135 (5.39%) User Experience
6 129 (5.15%) Greenfield Project
7 126 (5.03%) Data Structures
8 76 (3.03%) Hedge funds
9 74 (2.95%) Robotics
10 71 (2.83%) Self-Motivation
11 60 (2.40%) Cyberthreat
12 48 (1.92%) Equities
13 46 (1.84%) Social Media
14 42 (1.68%) Virtual Team
15 41 (1.64%) Mobile App
16 35 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 34 (1.36%) Life Science
18 33 (1.32%) NHS
19 28 (1.12%) Management Information System
20 25 (1.00%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 281 (11.22%) Linux
2 79 (3.15%) Unix
3 77 (3.07%) Windows
4 51 (2.04%) Apple iOS
5 40 (1.60%) Android
6 10 (0.40%) Ubuntu
7 8 (0.32%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.28%) CentOS
8 7 (0.28%) Robot Operating System
9 6 (0.24%) Debian
10 4 (0.16%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.12%) CoreOS
11 3 (0.12%) Fedora
12 2 (0.080%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.040%) AIX
13 1 (0.040%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.040%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.040%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.040%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,014 (40.48%) Artificial Intelligence
2 967 (38.60%) Data Science
3 810 (32.34%) Analytics
4 668 (26.67%) Agile Software Development
5 442 (17.64%) Deep Learning
6 436 (17.41%) Software Engineering
7 414 (16.53%) Mathematics
8 384 (15.33%) Statistics
9 335 (13.37%) DevOps
10 280 (11.18%) Data Analytics
11 275 (10.98%) Visualisation
12 265 (10.58%) Business Intelligence
13 255 (10.18%) Microservices
14 254 (10.14%) TDD
15 247 (9.86%) Problem-Solving
16 225 (8.98%) Neural Network
17 194 (7.74%) ETL
18 184 (7.35%) Scrum
19 179 (7.15%) Physics
20 160 (6.39%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 1,413 (56.41%) Python
2 732 (29.22%) SQL
3 728 (29.06%) Java
4 468 (18.68%) JavaScript
5 449 (17.92%) R
6 371 (14.81%) C++
7 287 (11.46%) Scala
8 270 (10.78%) C#
9 213 (8.50%) C
10 99 (3.95%) MATLAB
11 90 (3.59%) Go
12 88 (3.51%) Ruby
13 71 (2.83%) ES6
14 64 (2.55%) Bash Shell
15 49 (1.96%) PHP
16 45 (1.80%) TypeScript
17 44 (1.76%) Java 8
18 43 (1.72%) Kotlin
18 43 (1.72%) Shell Script
19 36 (1.44%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 501 (20.00%) Degree
2 367 (14.65%) PhD
3 122 (4.87%) Computer Science Degree
4 68 (2.71%) Master's Degree
5 62 (2.48%) MPhil
6 47 (1.88%) Numerate Degree
7 21 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
8 20 (0.80%) CISSP
9 19 (0.76%) GCIH
9 19 (0.76%) Security Cleared
10 18 (0.72%) CEH
11 17 (0.68%) OSCP
12 10 (0.40%) DV Cleared
13 8 (0.32%) SC Cleared
14 7 (0.28%) MBA
15 6 (0.24%) Postgraduate
16 5 (0.20%) AWS Certification
16 5 (0.20%) CRISC
16 5 (0.20%) ISEB
17 4 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (3.95%) QA
2 33 (1.32%) Data Quality
3 27 (1.08%) GDPR
4 14 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.32%) Actionable Recommendations
6 7 (0.28%) GPG13
6 7 (0.28%) PMO
7 5 (0.20%) COBIT
7 5 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.16%) Solvency II
9 3 (0.12%) SLA
10 2 (0.080%) COSO
System Software
1 315 (12.57%) Docker
2 95 (3.79%) HDFS
3 35 (1.40%) Apache Flume
4 32 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
5 21 (0.84%) Active Directory
5 21 (0.84%) VirtualBox
6 18 (0.72%) Snort
7 17 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
8 8 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
9 7 (0.28%) Xen
10 2 (0.080%) GlusterFS
10 2 (0.080%) LXC
10 2 (0.080%) XenApp
10 2 (0.080%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.040%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.040%) Ceph
11 1 (0.040%) KVM
11 1 (0.040%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.040%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 187 (7.47%) Kubernetes
2 79 (3.15%) Ansible
3 71 (2.83%) Terraform
4 62 (2.48%) Puppet
5 54 (2.16%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (1.32%) Mesos
7 26 (1.04%) Docker Swarm
8 18 (0.72%) Oozie
9 17 (0.68%) Suricata
10 15 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
10 15 (0.60%) Prometheus
11 11 (0.44%) Kibana
12 8 (0.32%) Rancher
13 7 (0.28%) QRadar
13 7 (0.28%) vCenter Server
14 6 (0.24%) Grafana
14 6 (0.24%) logstash
15 4 (0.16%) Nagios
16 3 (0.12%) Packer
17 2 (0.080%) Graphite
Vendors
1 201 (8.02%) Microsoft
2 192 (7.66%) Google
3 149 (5.95%) Tableau
4 91 (3.63%) Oracle
5 59 (2.36%) Cloudera
6 47 (1.88%) Hortonworks
7 43 (1.72%) MapR
8 38 (1.52%) Facebook
9 37 (1.48%) VMware
10 35 (1.40%) Databricks
11 34 (1.36%) Sybase
12 33 (1.32%) SAP
13 29 (1.16%) Adobe
13 29 (1.16%) Apple
14 26 (1.04%) IBM
15 22 (0.88%) Splunk
16 19 (0.76%) Blue Prism
17 17 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
17 17 (0.68%) TippingPoint
18 14 (0.56%) WorldPay