Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 63 58 59
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 +6
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,624 1,161 2,350
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.20% 4.84% 4.59%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.43% 5.14% 4.88%
Number of salaries quoted 1,149 910 1,957
10th Percentile £48,750 £43,750 £46,368
25th Percentile £60,000 £55,000 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £71,000 £77,500
Median % change year-on-year +12.68% -8.39% +6.90%
75th Percentile £100,000 £87,500 £105,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £101,375 £128,750
England median annual salary £67,500 £62,500 £67,500
% change year-on-year +8.00% -7.41% +3.85%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,322 22,576 48,113
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.70% 94.18% 93.92%
Number of salaries quoted 32,060 19,061 39,039
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £48,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £83,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +10 299 £75,000 - 94
West London -26 70 £72,500 +3.57% 21
South London +26 55 £77,500 +6.16%
East London -22 36 £90,000 +89.47% 23
North London -6 17 - -
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,604 (61.13%) Python
2 1,299 (49.50%) Data Science
3 1,134 (43.22%) Artificial Intelligence
4 924 (35.21%) AWS
5 870 (33.16%) Analytics
6 783 (29.84%) Software Engineering
7 752 (28.66%) Agile Software Development
8 710 (27.06%) SQL
9 610 (23.25%) Finance
10 582 (22.18%) GCP
11 572 (21.80%) Social Skills
12 557 (21.23%) Algorithms
13 551 (21.00%) Java
14 533 (20.31%) Degree
14 533 (20.31%) Azure
15 519 (19.78%) Kubernetes
16 486 (18.52%) DevOps
17 476 (18.14%) CI/CD
18 472 (17.99%) Docker
19 466 (17.76%) Big Data
20 462 (17.61%) Mathematics
21 457 (17.42%) JavaScript
22 453 (17.26%) Computer Science
23 386 (14.71%) Statistics
24 382 (14.56%) Microservices
24 382 (14.56%) React
25 328 (12.50%) Google
26 325 (12.39%) Problem-Solving
27 310 (11.81%) Data Engineering
28 307 (11.70%) Apache Spark

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 307 (11.70%) Apache Spark
2 114 (4.34%) Elasticsearch
3 74 (2.82%) Apache Airflow
4 64 (2.44%) Apache
5 57 (2.17%) Jupyter
6 51 (1.94%) SAS
7 43 (1.64%) Confluence
8 39 (1.49%) CMS
9 16 (0.61%) Luigi
10 15 (0.57%) Appian
11 11 (0.42%) Headless CMS
11 11 (0.42%) nginx
12 9 (0.34%) Tornado
12 9 (0.34%) WordPress
13 8 (0.30%) Apache Solr
14 7 (0.27%) Drupal
14 7 (0.27%) Sitecore CMS
15 6 (0.23%) Mule
15 6 (0.23%) Traefik
16 5 (0.19%) Ethereum
Applications
1 55 (2.10%) Chatbot
2 11 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.11%) Sketch
5 2 (0.076%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.038%) Oracle Smart View
6 1 (0.038%) Simulink
6 1 (0.038%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 5 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.15%) Shopify
3 3 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.076%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 2 (0.076%) SAP MDG
4 2 (0.076%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.038%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.038%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.038%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.038%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.038%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.038%) SAP R/3
5 1 (0.038%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 924 (35.21%) AWS
2 582 (22.18%) GCP
3 533 (20.31%) Azure
4 280 (10.67%) Serverless
5 141 (5.37%) SaaS
6 125 (4.76%) Cloud Computing
7 115 (4.38%) GitHub
8 107 (4.08%) AWS Lambda
9 97 (3.70%) Amazon S3
10 80 (3.05%) Power Platform
11 67 (2.55%) AWS CloudFormation
12 57 (2.17%) Amazon Kinesis
12 57 (2.17%) Snowflake
13 55 (2.10%) Azure Functions
14 52 (1.98%) Azure Machine Learning
14 52 (1.98%) OpenShift
15 46 (1.75%) Azure Data Factory
16 45 (1.71%) PaaS
17 43 (1.64%) Amazon SQS
18 42 (1.60%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 68 (2.59%) HTTP
2 44 (1.68%) Internet
3 39 (1.49%) Kerberos
4 19 (0.72%) TCP/IP
5 15 (0.57%) Network Security
6 14 (0.53%) Wireless
7 11 (0.42%) Broadband
8 10 (0.38%) HTTPS
8 10 (0.38%) MQTT
9 8 (0.30%) Firewall
10 7 (0.27%) DNS
10 7 (0.27%) SSH
11 6 (0.23%) DHCP
11 6 (0.23%) Reverse Proxy
11 6 (0.23%) SNMP
12 5 (0.19%) IPv4
12 5 (0.19%) IPv6
12 5 (0.19%) SMTP
13 2 (0.076%) LAN
13 2 (0.076%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 466 (17.76%) Big Data
2 249 (9.49%) NoSQL
3 240 (9.15%) PostgreSQL
4 169 (6.44%) Hadoop
5 153 (5.83%) Data Warehouse
6 126 (4.80%) MySQL
7 120 (4.57%) Relational Database
8 106 (4.04%) MongoDB
9 94 (3.58%) Tableau
10 89 (3.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 82 (3.13%) Data Lake
12 81 (3.09%) Metadata
13 77 (2.93%) BigQuery
14 76 (2.90%) Redis
15 71 (2.71%) SQL Server
16 64 (2.44%) Power BI
17 63 (2.40%) Data Mining
18 56 (2.13%) Amazon Redshift
19 54 (2.06%) Flink
20 53 (2.02%) Looker
Development Applications
1 272 (10.37%) Git (software)
2 187 (7.13%) Jenkins
3 86 (3.28%) Maven
4 71 (2.71%) JIRA
5 51 (1.94%) Cypress.io
6 50 (1.91%) CircleCI
7 42 (1.60%) Gradle
8 38 (1.45%) GitLab
8 38 (1.45%) Mocha
8 38 (1.45%) Mockito
9 32 (1.22%) Selenium
10 27 (1.03%) webpack
11 24 (0.91%) git-flow
12 23 (0.88%) Postman
13 20 (0.76%) Sonatype Nexus
14 17 (0.65%) JUnit
15 16 (0.61%) Cucumber
15 16 (0.61%) Jasmine
16 15 (0.57%) GoCD
16 15 (0.57%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 610 (23.25%) Finance
2 572 (21.80%) Social Skills
3 264 (10.06%) Analytical Skills
4 211 (8.04%) Marketing
5 202 (7.70%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 170 (6.48%) Banking
7 145 (5.53%) Legal
8 139 (5.30%) Games
9 136 (5.18%) Retail
10 91 (3.47%) Telecoms
11 90 (3.43%) Law
12 70 (2.67%) Presentation Skills
13 62 (2.36%) Pharmaceutical
14 61 (2.32%) Influencing Skills
15 52 (1.98%) Advertising
16 44 (1.68%) Military
17 43 (1.64%) Publishing
18 40 (1.52%) Manufacturing
19 38 (1.45%) Public Sector
20 37 (1.41%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 397 (15.13%) Developer
2 389 (14.82%) Software Engineer
3 360 (13.72%) Data Scientist
4 241 (9.18%) Data Engineer
5 153 (5.83%) Senior Data Scientist
6 152 (5.79%) Senior Software Engineer
7 139 (5.30%) Architect
8 125 (4.76%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 95 (3.62%) Python Developer
10 86 (3.28%) Senior Developer
11 84 (3.20%) Analyst
12 83 (3.16%) Python Engineer
13 74 (2.82%) Data Manager
14 73 (2.78%) Java Developer
15 72 (2.74%) Data Architect
16 67 (2.55%) Java Engineer
17 65 (2.48%) Principal Engineer
18 62 (2.36%) DevOps Engineer
19 55 (2.10%) Full Stack Developer
20 53 (2.02%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 382 (14.56%) React
2 265 (10.10%) Kafka
3 234 (8.92%) Node.js
4 222 (8.46%) TensorFlow
5 155 (5.91%) scikit-learn
6 154 (5.87%) Pandas
7 148 (5.64%) PyTorch
7 148 (5.64%) REST
8 135 (5.14%) CSS
9 133 (5.07%) RESTful
10 121 (4.61%) GraphQL
11 117 (4.46%) AngularJS
12 111 (4.23%) RabbitMQ
13 110 (4.19%) Spring Boot
14 109 (4.15%) HTML
14 109 (4.15%) Spring
15 103 (3.93%) Django
15 103 (3.93%) NumPy
16 101 (3.85%) .NET
16 101 (3.85%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 557 (21.23%) Algorithms
2 172 (6.55%) User Experience
3 98 (3.73%) Data Structures
4 83 (3.16%) Greenfield Project
5 67 (2.55%) Mobile App
6 64 (2.44%) Cloud Native
7 60 (2.29%) Equities
8 53 (2.02%) Social Network
9 44 (1.68%) Virtual Team
10 43 (1.64%) Public Cloud
11 40 (1.52%) Hedge funds
12 37 (1.41%) Life Science
13 36 (1.37%) Self-Motivation
14 33 (1.26%) NHS
15 32 (1.22%) Augmented Reality
15 32 (1.22%) Derivative
16 30 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
16 30 (1.14%) Management Information System
17 28 (1.07%) Fixed Income
18 27 (1.03%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 173 (6.59%) Linux
2 59 (2.25%) Android
3 53 (2.02%) Apple iOS
4 52 (1.98%) Unix
5 39 (1.49%) Windows
6 18 (0.69%) Embedded Linux
7 7 (0.27%) Robot Operating System
7 7 (0.27%) Ubuntu
8 6 (0.23%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.15%) Mesosphere
10 3 (0.11%) DC/OS
10 3 (0.11%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.076%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.038%) CentOS
12 1 (0.038%) Debian
12 1 (0.038%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.038%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,299 (49.50%) Data Science
2 1,134 (43.22%) Artificial Intelligence
3 870 (33.16%) Analytics
4 783 (29.84%) Software Engineering
5 752 (28.66%) Agile Software Development
6 486 (18.52%) DevOps
7 476 (18.14%) CI/CD
8 462 (17.61%) Mathematics
9 453 (17.26%) Computer Science
10 386 (14.71%) Statistics
11 382 (14.56%) Microservices
12 325 (12.39%) Problem-Solving
13 310 (11.81%) Data Engineering
14 278 (10.59%) Visualisation
15 277 (10.56%) Mentoring
16 268 (10.21%) Natural Language Processing
17 264 (10.06%) Data Pipeline
18 248 (9.45%) Business Intelligence
19 233 (8.88%) Full Stack Development
20 218 (8.31%) Deep Learning
Programming Languages
1 1,604 (61.13%) Python
2 710 (27.06%) SQL
3 551 (21.00%) Java
4 457 (17.42%) JavaScript
5 264 (10.06%) TypeScript
6 209 (7.96%) C++
7 198 (7.55%) R
8 143 (5.45%) Go
9 140 (5.34%) Scala
10 118 (4.50%) C#
11 112 (4.27%) MATLAB
12 98 (3.73%) C
13 64 (2.44%) Bash
14 61 (2.32%) Java 8
15 52 (1.98%) Ruby
16 40 (1.52%) PowerShell
17 35 (1.33%) Kotlin
18 34 (1.30%) Rust
19 33 (1.26%) ES6
19 33 (1.26%) PHP
Qualifications
1 533 (20.31%) Degree
2 268 (10.21%) PhD
3 138 (5.26%) Computer Science Degree
4 65 (2.48%) Master's Degree
5 44 (1.68%) Security Cleared
6 39 (1.49%) SC Cleared
7 26 (0.99%) AWS Certification
8 15 (0.57%) Six Sigma Green Belt
9 14 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
10 9 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.27%) CEH
11 7 (0.27%) CISSP
12 5 (0.19%) MCSA
13 3 (0.11%) DV Cleared
13 3 (0.11%) GCED
13 3 (0.11%) GIAC
13 3 (0.11%) GPPA
14 2 (0.076%) MCSE
14 2 (0.076%) OSCP
14 2 (0.076%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 170 (6.48%) QA
2 98 (3.73%) Data Quality
3 44 (1.68%) GDPR
4 36 (1.37%) Accessibility
5 27 (1.03%) CDISC
5 27 (1.03%) HL7
6 18 (0.69%) HIPAA
7 14 (0.53%) Dodd-Frank
7 14 (0.53%) EMIR
7 14 (0.53%) MiFID
8 8 (0.30%) IFRS
8 8 (0.30%) IFRS 9
9 7 (0.27%) GxP
9 7 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.23%) Actionable Recommendations
11 5 (0.19%) NCSC
12 3 (0.11%) NIST
13 1 (0.038%) COPPA
13 1 (0.038%) IEC 62304
13 1 (0.038%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 472 (17.99%) Docker
2 32 (1.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 15 (0.57%) Active Directory
4 13 (0.50%) HDFS
5 11 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.23%) Firmware
7 3 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.038%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.038%) etcd
8 1 (0.038%) LXC
8 1 (0.038%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 519 (19.78%) Kubernetes
2 254 (9.68%) Terraform
3 136 (5.18%) Ansible
4 34 (1.30%) Kubeflow
5 29 (1.11%) Puppet
6 26 (0.99%) Opscode Chef
7 22 (0.84%) Grafana
8 21 (0.80%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.50%) Consul
10 11 (0.42%) Istio
10 11 (0.42%) Rancher
11 9 (0.34%) logstash
12 8 (0.30%) Kibana
13 7 (0.27%) Control-M
13 7 (0.27%) Oozie
14 6 (0.23%) Failover Clustering
14 6 (0.23%) Fortio
14 6 (0.23%) Kiali
15 5 (0.19%) Jamf Pro
15 5 (0.19%) Nessus
Vendors
1 328 (12.50%) Google
2 125 (4.76%) Twitter
3 105 (4.00%) Microsoft
4 66 (2.52%) Databricks
5 54 (2.06%) Apple
6 43 (1.64%) Oracle
7 34 (1.30%) SAP
8 32 (1.22%) Alteryx
8 32 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
8 32 (1.22%) Talend
9 27 (1.03%) Spotify
10 26 (0.99%) BEA
10 26 (0.99%) CrowdStrike
11 24 (0.91%) Informatica
12 22 (0.84%) Splunk
13 21 (0.80%) Cognizant
14 20 (0.76%) Automation Anywhere
15 17 (0.65%) MuleSoft
15 17 (0.65%) Samsung
16 16 (0.61%) Atlassian