Period
to 22 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 22 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
22 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 58 60 60
Rank change year-on-year +2 0 +28
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 1,549 2,016 2,836
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 4.92% 4.52% 4.69%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.24% 4.82% 5.05%
Number of salaries quoted 1,065 1,665 2,298
10th Percentile £43,750 £45,000 £48,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £77,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year -9.68% +6.90% +3.57%
75th Percentile £88,750 £103,750 £90,000
90th Percentile £103,750 £128,750 £110,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year -3.70% +3.85% +4.00%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 29,536 41,850 56,168
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.73% 93.86% 92.80%
Number of salaries quoted 23,243 34,004 45,863
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £63,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +2.36% +5.83%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £101,250 £97,200
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 22 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 22 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +7 234 £70,000 -6.67% 78
West London +27 25 £72,500 +20.83% 46
South London +4 19 £72,500 +16.00% 2
North London +26 5 £57,500 +4.55% 2
East London -4 5 £47,500 -40.63% 26
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 22 April 2021, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 922 (59.52%) Python
2 673 (43.45%) Data Science
3 623 (40.22%) Artificial Intelligence
4 496 (32.02%) Agile Software Development
5 485 (31.31%) Analytics
6 479 (30.92%) AWS
7 432 (27.89%) SQL
8 423 (27.31%) Finance
9 367 (23.69%) DevOps
10 352 (22.72%) Kubernetes
11 347 (22.40%) Docker
12 312 (20.14%) Azure
13 292 (18.85%) GCP
13 292 (18.85%) Java
14 288 (18.59%) Big Data
15 277 (17.88%) JavaScript
16 245 (15.82%) Software Engineering
17 234 (15.11%) Algorithms
18 229 (14.78%) Microservices
19 222 (14.33%) Degree
20 210 (13.56%) Terraform
21 209 (13.49%) Problem-Solving
22 208 (13.43%) Banking
23 196 (12.65%) Computer Science
24 179 (11.56%) Apache Spark
25 176 (11.36%) Natural Language Processing
26 173 (11.17%) Mathematics
27 167 (10.78%) Visualisation
28 159 (10.26%) C#
29 158 (10.20%) Google

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 179 (11.56%) Apache Spark
2 89 (5.75%) Apache Airflow
3 75 (4.84%) Elasticsearch
4 52 (3.36%) Confluence
5 38 (2.45%) Apache
6 35 (2.26%) SAS
7 17 (1.10%) CMS
8 15 (0.97%) Jupyter
9 11 (0.71%) SharePoint
10 9 (0.58%) Apache Pig
11 8 (0.52%) Oracle Workflow
12 6 (0.39%) Tornado
13 4 (0.26%) ArcGIS
13 4 (0.26%) Luigi
14 3 (0.19%) Appian
15 2 (0.13%) IIS
16 1 (0.065%) FileNet
16 1 (0.065%) IBM Domino
16 1 (0.065%) MS Exchange
16 1 (0.065%) WordPress
Applications
1 32 (2.07%) Chatbot
2 17 (1.10%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.84%) SPSS
4 6 (0.39%) InVision
4 6 (0.39%) Sketch
5 3 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.19%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.13%) Gephi
6 2 (0.13%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.065%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.065%) Figma
7 1 (0.065%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.065%) Microsoft Office
7 1 (0.065%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 14 (0.90%) Payment Gateway
2 13 (0.84%) Shopify
3 12 (0.77%) Loan IQ
4 9 (0.58%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 479 (30.92%) AWS
2 312 (20.14%) Azure
3 292 (18.85%) GCP
4 100 (6.46%) SaaS
5 88 (5.68%) Serverless
6 67 (4.33%) Power Platform
7 64 (4.13%) Amazon S3
7 64 (4.13%) GitHub
8 56 (3.62%) AWS CloudFormation
9 40 (2.58%) AWS Lambda
10 38 (2.45%) Amazon SageMaker
11 37 (2.39%) PaaS
12 26 (1.68%) Amazon EKS
13 25 (1.61%) Azure Machine Learning
14 24 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
15 23 (1.48%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 23 (1.48%) Azure Functions
15 23 (1.48%) Cloud Computing
16 19 (1.23%) Azure Active Directory
17 18 (1.16%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 38 (2.45%) Firewall
2 29 (1.87%) Internet
3 27 (1.74%) HTTP
4 12 (0.77%) TCP/IP
5 10 (0.65%) Network Security
6 4 (0.26%) DNS
6 4 (0.26%) NAS
7 3 (0.19%) MQTT
7 3 (0.19%) VPN
8 2 (0.13%) Bluetooth
8 2 (0.13%) DHCP
8 2 (0.13%) DSL
8 2 (0.13%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.13%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.13%) MPLS
8 2 (0.13%) NFC
8 2 (0.13%) RFID
8 2 (0.13%) SSL
8 2 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.065%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 288 (18.59%) Big Data
2 126 (8.13%) NoSQL
3 113 (7.30%) PostgreSQL
4 97 (6.26%) Hadoop
5 83 (5.36%) Data Mining
6 77 (4.97%) Tableau
7 75 (4.84%) Relational Database
8 64 (4.13%) Power BI
9 63 (4.07%) SQL Server
10 61 (3.94%) Data Warehouse
11 56 (3.62%) Data Lake
12 55 (3.55%) MongoDB
13 51 (3.29%) Redis
14 43 (2.78%) BigQuery
15 39 (2.52%) Apache Cassandra
16 32 (2.07%) Amazon Redshift
17 29 (1.87%) Looker
18 28 (1.81%) MySQL
19 24 (1.55%) RDBMS
20 23 (1.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 121 (7.81%) Git (software)
2 79 (5.10%) JIRA
3 77 (4.97%) Jenkins
4 37 (2.39%) Bitbucket
5 35 (2.26%) Cypress.io
5 35 (2.26%) Selenium
6 28 (1.81%) Cucumber
7 18 (1.16%) CircleCI
8 16 (1.03%) IntelliJ
9 13 (0.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 12 (0.77%) Appium
10 12 (0.77%) Pylint
10 12 (0.77%) Sourcetree
11 10 (0.65%) Mocha
11 10 (0.65%) Protractor
11 10 (0.65%) webpack
12 9 (0.58%) GitLab
13 8 (0.52%) Jasmine
14 7 (0.45%) Octopus Deploy
14 7 (0.45%) TeamCity
General
1 423 (27.31%) Finance
2 208 (13.43%) Banking
3 111 (7.17%) Retail
4 102 (6.58%) Marketing
5 80 (5.16%) Telecoms
6 69 (4.45%) Investment Banking
6 69 (4.45%) Law
7 63 (4.07%) Games
8 60 (3.87%) Legal
9 43 (2.78%) Front Office
10 30 (1.94%) Advertising
11 27 (1.74%) Electronics
12 26 (1.68%) Manufacturing
12 26 (1.68%) Public Sector
13 20 (1.29%) Financial Institution
14 12 (0.77%) Publishing
15 11 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.39%) Back Office
17 4 (0.26%) French Language
18 3 (0.19%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 366 (23.63%) Developer
2 219 (14.14%) Data Scientist
3 154 (9.94%) Data Engineer
4 134 (8.65%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 95 (6.13%) Python Engineer
6 92 (5.94%) Software Engineer
7 90 (5.81%) Architect
8 89 (5.75%) DevOps Engineer
9 84 (5.42%) Senior Developer
10 82 (5.29%) Python Developer
11 64 (4.13%) Solutions Architect
12 56 (3.62%) Java Developer
13 53 (3.42%) Analyst
14 52 (3.36%) Senior Data Scientist
15 42 (2.71%) AWS Engineer
16 41 (2.65%) Senior Software Engineer
17 38 (2.45%) Full Stack Developer
18 36 (2.32%) Product Manager
19 34 (2.19%) Senior Data Engineer
20 32 (2.07%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 142 (9.17%) React
2 117 (7.55%) Node.js
3 109 (7.04%) Kafka
4 106 (6.84%) .NET
5 104 (6.71%) REST
6 103 (6.65%) NumPy
7 97 (6.26%) TensorFlow
8 86 (5.55%) Pandas
9 85 (5.49%) AngularJS
10 83 (5.36%) Web Services
11 82 (5.29%) RESTful
12 78 (5.04%) scikit-learn
13 72 (4.65%) CSS
14 62 (4.00%) GraphQL
14 62 (4.00%) Spring Boot
15 61 (3.94%) HTML
16 55 (3.55%) Django
17 54 (3.49%) PyTorch
18 51 (3.29%) Spring
19 49 (3.16%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 234 (15.11%) Algorithms
2 130 (8.39%) Analytical Skills
3 105 (6.78%) User Experience
4 101 (6.52%) Hedge funds
5 77 (4.97%) Equities
6 67 (4.33%) Mobile App
7 63 (4.07%) Data Structures
8 62 (4.00%) Greenfield Project
9 52 (3.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 46 (2.97%) Social Network
11 45 (2.91%) Cloud Native
12 35 (2.26%) Linux Command Line
13 33 (2.13%) Fixed Income
14 32 (2.07%) Derivative
15 27 (1.74%) Robotics
16 26 (1.68%) Organisational Skills
17 21 (1.36%) Public Cloud
18 19 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
19 18 (1.16%) Hybrid Cloud
19 18 (1.16%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 119 (7.68%) Linux
2 42 (2.71%) Android
3 32 (2.07%) Apple iOS
4 9 (0.58%) CentOS
4 9 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 8 (0.52%) Unix
6 7 (0.45%) Windows
7 1 (0.065%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.065%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 673 (43.45%) Data Science
2 623 (40.22%) Artificial Intelligence
3 496 (32.02%) Agile Software Development
4 485 (31.31%) Analytics
5 367 (23.69%) DevOps
6 245 (15.82%) Software Engineering
7 229 (14.78%) Microservices
8 209 (13.49%) Problem-Solving
9 196 (12.65%) Computer Science
10 176 (11.36%) Natural Language Processing
11 173 (11.17%) Mathematics
12 167 (10.78%) Visualisation
13 155 (10.01%) Data Analytics
14 149 (9.62%) Business Intelligence
15 142 (9.17%) Scrum
16 141 (9.10%) TDD
17 136 (8.78%) Test Automation
18 127 (8.20%) ETL
19 125 (8.07%) Continuous Integration
20 123 (7.94%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 922 (59.52%) Python
2 432 (27.89%) SQL
3 292 (18.85%) Java
4 277 (17.88%) JavaScript
5 159 (10.26%) C#
6 128 (8.26%) R
7 121 (7.81%) Go
8 105 (6.78%) TypeScript
9 90 (5.81%) Scala
10 78 (5.04%) C++
11 55 (3.55%) C
12 51 (3.29%) Bash Shell
13 25 (1.61%) Java 8
14 24 (1.55%) Shell Script
15 22 (1.42%) Ruby
16 21 (1.36%) Cython
17 19 (1.23%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
18 13 (0.84%) PowerShell
19 12 (0.77%) Kotlin
20 11 (0.71%) Perl
Qualifications
1 222 (14.33%) Degree
2 125 (8.07%) PhD
3 43 (2.78%) Computer Science Degree
4 28 (1.81%) Master's Degree
5 27 (1.74%) Security Cleared
6 18 (1.16%) DV Cleared
7 17 (1.10%) Numerate Degree
8 7 (0.45%) MPhil
9 6 (0.39%) SC Cleared
10 4 (0.26%) CCNA
10 4 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.26%) Postgraduate
11 3 (0.19%) CFA
12 2 (0.13%) CCNP
12 2 (0.13%) CEH
12 2 (0.13%) CISSP
12 2 (0.13%) MCSE
12 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.13%) Network+ Certification
12 2 (0.13%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (2.97%) QA
2 23 (1.48%) MiFID
2 23 (1.48%) NIST
3 22 (1.42%) GDPR
4 21 (1.36%) Dodd-Frank
4 21 (1.36%) EMIR
5 14 (0.90%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.39%) PSD2
7 3 (0.19%) DICOM
8 2 (0.13%) WAI
9 1 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.065%) ITGC
System Software
1 347 (22.40%) Docker
2 20 (1.29%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.19%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.13%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.13%) Ceph
4 2 (0.13%) Firmware
5 1 (0.065%) Snort
5 1 (0.065%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 352 (22.72%) Kubernetes
2 210 (13.56%) Terraform
3 97 (6.26%) Ansible
4 52 (3.36%) Puppet
5 45 (2.91%) Grafana
6 44 (2.84%) Prometheus
7 31 (2.00%) Opscode Chef
8 26 (1.68%) Istio
9 19 (1.23%) Fortio
9 19 (1.23%) Kiali
10 6 (0.39%) Kibana
11 5 (0.32%) Consul
11 5 (0.32%) Kubeflow
11 5 (0.32%) Packer
11 5 (0.32%) systemd
12 4 (0.26%) Marathon
12 4 (0.26%) Mesos
13 3 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
13 3 (0.19%) Oozie
14 2 (0.13%) Galera Cluster
Vendors
1 158 (10.20%) Google
2 70 (4.52%) Microsoft
3 46 (2.97%) Databricks
4 24 (1.55%) Cloudera
4 24 (1.55%) Yahoo!
5 23 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
5 23 (1.48%) SAP
6 17 (1.10%) Oracle
7 16 (1.03%) Twitter
8 15 (0.97%) Splunk
9 14 (0.90%) Red Hat
9 14 (0.90%) Xamarin
10 13 (0.84%) Apple
10 13 (0.84%) Elastic Path
10 13 (0.84%) Facebook
11 12 (0.77%) Murex
12 11 (0.71%) Kofax
13 9 (0.58%) Alteryx
13 9 (0.58%) Atlassian
13 9 (0.58%) Autodesk