Period
to 17 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
17 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 78 162 227
Rank change year-on-year +84 +65 +187
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,671 1,651 1,332
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 3.74% 2.26% 1.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.09% 2.46% 1.75%
Number of salaries quoted 2,203 1,422 1,213
London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £43,750 £45,000 £38,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 65,340 67,022 75,960
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 91.40% 91.73% 91.38%
Number of salaries quoted 52,279 53,535 65,496
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £33,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 17 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +42 542 £70,000 +7.69% 109
West London +62 87 £67,500 +3.85% 54
East London +5 41 £95,000 +26.67% 15
South London - 8 £53,750 - 4
North London -16 4 £65,000 +4.00% 3
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 17 July 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,475 (55.22%) Python
2 1,184 (44.33%) Data Science
3 977 (36.58%) Artificial Intelligence
4 916 (34.29%) Big Data
5 862 (32.27%) Analytics
6 841 (31.49%) Java
7 795 (29.76%) SQL
8 720 (26.96%) Agile Software Development
9 663 (24.82%) Finance
10 603 (22.58%) Apache Spark
11 600 (22.46%) Computer Science
12 583 (21.83%) Algorithms
13 542 (20.29%) Degree
14 509 (19.06%) R
15 502 (18.79%) Amazon AWS
16 497 (18.61%) Hadoop
17 472 (17.67%) Mathematics
18 447 (16.74%) Natural Language Processing
19 443 (16.59%) JavaScript
20 407 (15.24%) Software Engineering
21 404 (15.13%) Scala
22 400 (14.98%) Deep Learning
23 394 (14.75%) C++
24 391 (14.64%) PhD
25 388 (14.53%) NoSQL
26 375 (14.04%) Statistics
27 360 (13.48%) Microsoft Azure
28 331 (12.39%) Analytical Skills
29 325 (12.17%) Docker
30 319 (11.94%) DevOps

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 603 (22.58%) Apache Spark
2 109 (4.08%) Elasticsearch
3 106 (3.97%) Apache
4 85 (3.18%) SAS
5 36 (1.35%) Ethereum
6 34 (1.27%) Confluence
7 30 (1.12%) Apache Pig
8 25 (0.94%) Tomcat
9 22 (0.82%) Hyperledger
10 21 (0.79%) Apache Solr
11 20 (0.75%) WordPress
12 15 (0.56%) CMS
12 15 (0.56%) Jupyter
13 13 (0.49%) nginx
14 9 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
14 9 (0.34%) JBoss
15 6 (0.22%) SharePoint
16 4 (0.15%) Jetty
16 4 (0.15%) Predix
16 4 (0.15%) ThingWorx
Applications
1 49 (1.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (1.54%) Chatbot
3 17 (0.64%) SPSS
4 16 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
5 13 (0.49%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.19%) GNU Octave
8 4 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.15%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.075%) Mathematica
10 1 (0.037%) CPLEX
10 1 (0.037%) Mingle
10 1 (0.037%) Simulink
10 1 (0.037%) UXPin
10 1 (0.037%) Weka
Business Applications
1 15 (0.56%) Distributed Ledger
1 15 (0.56%) Ripple
2 8 (0.30%) R3 Corda
3 4 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
3 4 (0.15%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
3 4 (0.15%) SAP Retail
4 3 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.075%) JDE OneWorld
5 2 (0.075%) Magento
5 2 (0.075%) Ripple XRP
5 2 (0.075%) SAP MDG
5 2 (0.075%) Unica
6 1 (0.037%) Actimize
6 1 (0.037%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.037%) Oracle AML
6 1 (0.037%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 502 (18.79%) Amazon AWS
2 360 (13.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 106 (3.97%) Google Cloud Platform
4 94 (3.52%) Azure Data Factory
5 84 (3.14%) Serverless
6 67 (2.51%) SaaS
7 66 (2.47%) Azure Machine Learning
7 66 (2.47%) PaaS
8 62 (2.32%) Cloud Computing
9 58 (2.17%) Amazon S3
10 48 (1.80%) GitHub
11 46 (1.72%) IaaS
12 43 (1.61%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
13 40 (1.50%) Amazon EC2
14 39 (1.46%) Amazon EMR
15 30 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
16 27 (1.01%) Amazon Kinesis
17 12 (0.45%) Slack
18 11 (0.41%) Data Lake Analytics
18 11 (0.41%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 60 (2.25%) HTTP
2 49 (1.83%) Internet
3 20 (0.75%) Sourcefire
4 12 (0.45%) DAB
4 12 (0.45%) DNS
4 12 (0.45%) Network Security
4 12 (0.45%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
5 11 (0.41%) Bluetooth
5 11 (0.41%) NFC
6 9 (0.34%) Firewall
7 8 (0.30%) Skype
8 7 (0.26%) SMTP
8 7 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
9 6 (0.22%) SSL
10 5 (0.19%) Broadband
10 5 (0.19%) Intranet
10 5 (0.19%) VPN
11 4 (0.15%) FTP
11 4 (0.15%) TCP/IP
12 3 (0.11%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 916 (34.29%) Big Data
2 497 (18.61%) Hadoop
3 388 (14.53%) NoSQL
4 192 (7.19%) Blockchain
5 175 (6.55%) PostgreSQL
6 168 (6.29%) Apache Hive
6 168 (6.29%) MongoDB
7 162 (6.07%) Apache Cassandra
8 161 (6.03%) Data Lake
9 154 (5.77%) Power BI
10 145 (5.43%) Relational Database
11 141 (5.28%) Data Warehouse
12 135 (5.05%) Data Mining
13 123 (4.61%) MySQL
14 117 (4.38%) SQL Server
15 98 (3.67%) Azure SQL Database
16 89 (3.33%) HBase
17 83 (3.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 72 (2.70%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 60 (2.25%) Redis
Development Applications
1 258 (9.66%) Git (software)
2 88 (3.29%) Maven
3 82 (3.07%) Jenkins
4 61 (2.28%) Gradle
5 59 (2.21%) JUnit
6 52 (1.95%) JIRA
6 52 (1.95%) Visual Studio
7 45 (1.68%) Cucumber
8 37 (1.39%) Selenium
9 30 (1.12%) Mockito
10 28 (1.05%) Octopus Deploy
11 25 (0.94%) CircleCI
12 20 (0.75%) gulp
13 19 (0.71%) TeamCity
14 18 (0.67%) RStudio
15 15 (0.56%) Subversion
16 14 (0.52%) Vagrant
17 13 (0.49%) Artifactory
18 11 (0.41%) Travis CI
18 11 (0.41%) webpack
General
1 663 (24.82%) Finance
2 262 (9.81%) Banking
3 185 (6.93%) Marketing
4 151 (5.65%) Retail
5 132 (4.94%) Advertising
6 90 (3.37%) Investment Banking
7 88 (3.29%) Financial Institution
8 86 (3.22%) Games
9 75 (2.81%) Front Office
10 59 (2.21%) Law
11 40 (1.50%) Telecoms
12 35 (1.31%) Publishing
13 32 (1.20%) Retail Banking
14 27 (1.01%) Legal
15 19 (0.71%) Electronics
16 15 (0.56%) Manufacturing
17 12 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
18 6 (0.22%) Back Office
18 6 (0.22%) German Language
19 5 (0.19%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 734 (27.48%) Developer
2 571 (21.38%) Data Scientist
3 207 (7.75%) Java Developer
4 192 (7.19%) Data Engineer
5 182 (6.81%) Senior Data Scientist
6 166 (6.21%) Architect
7 156 (5.84%) Python Developer
8 153 (5.73%) Consultant
9 117 (4.38%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 116 (4.34%) Machine Learning Engineer
11 115 (4.31%) Software Engineer
12 96 (3.59%) Senior Developer
13 92 (3.44%) Python Engineer
14 84 (3.14%) Analyst
15 74 (2.77%) Solutions Architect
16 68 (2.55%) Big Data Engineer
17 60 (2.25%) Machine Learning Developer
18 58 (2.17%) Full Stack Developer
19 56 (2.10%) DevOps Engineer
19 56 (2.10%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 447 (16.74%) Natural Language Processing
2 247 (9.25%) React
3 224 (8.39%) Node.js
4 222 (8.31%) TensorFlow
5 216 (8.09%) RESTful
6 212 (7.94%) Kafka
7 190 (7.11%) HTML
8 188 (7.04%) AngularJS
9 187 (7.00%) CSS
10 178 (6.66%) Web Services
11 136 (5.09%) REST
12 134 (5.02%) scikit-learn
13 132 (4.94%) NumPy
14 129 (4.83%) Pandas
15 124 (4.64%) .NET
16 103 (3.86%) SciPy
17 86 (3.22%) Django
18 81 (3.03%) Keras
19 80 (3.00%) Spring
20 73 (2.73%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 600 (22.46%) Computer Science
2 583 (21.83%) Algorithms
3 331 (12.39%) Analytical Skills
4 296 (11.08%) Fintech
5 140 (5.24%) Data Structures
6 136 (5.09%) Greenfield Project
7 116 (4.34%) User Experience
8 76 (2.85%) Hedge funds
9 73 (2.73%) Cyberthreat
10 67 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
11 57 (2.13%) Equities
12 49 (1.83%) Social Media
13 45 (1.68%) Robotics
14 39 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
15 36 (1.35%) Mobile App
16 34 (1.27%) Management Information System
17 33 (1.24%) Life Science
18 25 (0.94%) Social Network
19 24 (0.90%) Bitcoin
20 23 (0.86%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 272 (10.18%) Linux
2 55 (2.06%) Unix
3 43 (1.61%) Windows
4 39 (1.46%) Apple iOS
5 18 (0.67%) Android
6 10 (0.37%) CentOS
6 10 (0.37%) Ubuntu
7 8 (0.30%) Debian
8 4 (0.15%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.11%) CoreOS
9 3 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.11%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.075%) Robot Operating System
10 2 (0.075%) SUSE
10 2 (0.075%) VyOS
10 2 (0.075%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.075%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.075%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.037%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.037%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,184 (44.33%) Data Science
2 977 (36.58%) Artificial Intelligence
3 862 (32.27%) Analytics
4 720 (26.96%) Agile Software Development
5 472 (17.67%) Mathematics
6 407 (15.24%) Software Engineering
7 400 (14.98%) Deep Learning
8 375 (14.04%) Statistics
9 319 (11.94%) DevOps
10 315 (11.79%) Data Analytics
11 312 (11.68%) Problem-Solving
12 308 (11.53%) TDD
13 301 (11.27%) Microservices
14 272 (10.18%) Business Intelligence
15 271 (10.15%) Visualisation
16 210 (7.86%) Neural Network
17 189 (7.08%) OO
18 186 (6.96%) Scrum
19 175 (6.55%) ETL
19 175 (6.55%) Predictive Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,475 (55.22%) Python
2 841 (31.49%) Java
3 795 (29.76%) SQL
4 509 (19.06%) R
5 443 (16.59%) JavaScript
6 404 (15.13%) Scala
7 394 (14.75%) C++
8 225 (8.42%) C#
9 142 (5.32%) MATLAB
10 138 (5.17%) C
11 119 (4.46%) Ruby
12 79 (2.96%) Go
13 59 (2.21%) Bash Shell
14 55 (2.06%) ES6
15 51 (1.91%) Java 8
16 50 (1.87%) Kotlin
17 48 (1.80%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
18 46 (1.72%) TypeScript
19 41 (1.54%) U-SQL
20 39 (1.46%) Perl
Qualifications
1 542 (20.29%) Degree
2 391 (14.64%) PhD
3 139 (5.20%) Computer Science Degree
4 61 (2.28%) Master's Degree
5 58 (2.17%) Numerate Degree
6 23 (0.86%) CISSP
7 21 (0.79%) CEH
7 21 (0.79%) GCIH
8 20 (0.75%) OSCP
9 14 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
9 14 (0.52%) Security Cleared
10 7 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
11 6 (0.22%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.11%) Postgraduate
13 2 (0.075%) CFA
13 2 (0.075%) MBA
13 2 (0.075%) PMI Certification
13 2 (0.075%) SANS
13 2 (0.075%) SC Cleared
13 2 (0.075%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (3.41%) QA
2 29 (1.09%) GCP
3 20 (0.75%) GDPR
4 17 (0.64%) Data Quality
5 15 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.30%) GPG13
7 4 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
8 3 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.075%) COBIT
9 2 (0.075%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.037%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.037%) EMIR
10 1 (0.037%) Solvency II
10 1 (0.037%) Val IT
System Software
1 325 (12.17%) Docker
2 96 (3.59%) HDFS
3 40 (1.50%) Apache Flume
4 39 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (0.79%) Snort
5 21 (0.79%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.37%) VirtualBox
7 8 (0.30%) Active Directory
8 4 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.075%) iptables
9 2 (0.075%) LXC
9 2 (0.075%) XenApp
9 2 (0.075%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 165 (6.18%) Kubernetes
2 68 (2.55%) Ansible
3 56 (2.10%) Puppet
4 53 (1.98%) Opscode Chef
5 37 (1.39%) Mesos
6 34 (1.27%) Terraform
7 24 (0.90%) Hadoop YARN
8 23 (0.86%) Prometheus
9 20 (0.75%) Suricata
10 18 (0.67%) Oozie
11 15 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.45%) Grafana
13 8 (0.30%) Kibana
13 8 (0.30%) QRadar
14 6 (0.22%) Packer
15 5 (0.19%) Rancher
16 3 (0.11%) logstash
17 2 (0.075%) FortiGate
17 2 (0.075%) Microsoft Intune
17 2 (0.075%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 221 (8.27%) Microsoft
2 172 (6.44%) Tableau
3 156 (5.84%) Google
4 84 (3.14%) Oracle
5 60 (2.25%) Cloudera
6 50 (1.87%) Facebook
7 44 (1.65%) Hortonworks
8 31 (1.16%) IBM
9 30 (1.12%) MapR
9 30 (1.12%) Sybase
10 25 (0.94%) VMware
11 22 (0.82%) SAP
11 22 (0.82%) Splunk
12 20 (0.75%) Databricks
12 20 (0.75%) TippingPoint
13 19 (0.71%) WorldPay
14 17 (0.64%) Twitter
15 15 (0.56%) CA
15 15 (0.56%) Salesforce.com
16 14 (0.52%) Alteryx