Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 88 185 250
Rank change year-on-year +97 +65 +205
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,487 1,358 1,183
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 3.55% 1.97% 1.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.87% 2.16% 1.55%
Number of salaries quoted 2,188 1,184 1,085
London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +4.00%
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £43,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £106,250 £100,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% - -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 64,246 62,949 76,393
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 91.79% 91.22% 91.00%
Number of salaries quoted 52,647 52,832 65,416
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £35,543 £33,780 £33,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.15%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +73 492 £67,500 - 94
West London +53 61 £57,500 -13.21% 44
East London +25 37 £70,000 -6.67% 22
South London +3 17 £47,500 - 6
North London -4 4 - - 1
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,464 (58.87%) Python
2 1,154 (46.40%) Data Science
3 957 (38.48%) Big Data
4 947 (38.08%) Artificial Intelligence
5 805 (32.37%) Java
6 803 (32.29%) Analytics
7 719 (28.91%) Apache Spark
8 712 (28.63%) SQL
9 630 (25.33%) Agile Software Development
10 615 (24.73%) Algorithms
11 612 (24.61%) Finance
12 549 (22.07%) Hadoop
13 529 (21.27%) Amazon AWS
14 523 (21.03%) R
15 497 (19.98%) Computer Science
16 470 (18.90%) Degree
17 467 (18.78%) Natural Language Processing
18 454 (18.25%) Scala
19 437 (17.57%) Mathematics
20 397 (15.96%) JavaScript
21 391 (15.72%) Software Engineering
22 380 (15.28%) PhD
23 358 (14.39%) Deep Learning
24 356 (14.31%) Statistics
25 355 (14.27%) NoSQL
26 342 (13.75%) C++
27 309 (12.42%) Microsoft Azure
28 305 (12.26%) Analytical Skills
29 299 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
30 298 (11.98%) Docker

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 719 (28.91%) Apache Spark
2 105 (4.22%) Apache
3 104 (4.18%) Elasticsearch
3 104 (4.18%) SAS
4 41 (1.65%) Apache Pig
5 33 (1.33%) Ethereum
6 30 (1.21%) Tomcat
7 29 (1.17%) Apache Solr
8 21 (0.84%) Confluence
9 18 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
10 13 (0.52%) Hyperledger
11 11 (0.44%) Jupyter
11 11 (0.44%) nginx
12 9 (0.36%) Luigi
13 7 (0.28%) Gentran
14 6 (0.24%) CMS
15 5 (0.20%) JBoss
15 5 (0.20%) OpenStack
16 4 (0.16%) Jetty
16 4 (0.16%) WebSphere
Applications
1 44 (1.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 36 (1.45%) Chatbot
3 28 (1.13%) SPSS
4 17 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.28%) Weka
6 6 (0.24%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.16%) GNU Octave
8 3 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.12%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.080%) CPLEX
9 2 (0.080%) Mathematica
10 1 (0.040%) Simulink
10 1 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 18 (0.72%) Ripple
2 15 (0.60%) WebTrends
3 12 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
4 9 (0.36%) Ripple XRP
5 8 (0.32%) R3 Corda
6 7 (0.28%) Oracle Receivables
7 4 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
8 3 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.12%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
8 3 (0.12%) SAP Retail
9 2 (0.080%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.080%) Magento
9 2 (0.080%) Oracle AML
9 2 (0.080%) Unica
10 1 (0.040%) Actimize
10 1 (0.040%) Cognos Business Intelligence
10 1 (0.040%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 529 (21.27%) Amazon AWS
2 309 (12.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 107 (4.30%) Google Cloud Platform
4 75 (3.02%) Azure Data Factory
5 72 (2.90%) Serverless
6 65 (2.61%) Amazon S3
7 58 (2.33%) Azure Machine Learning
8 52 (2.09%) SaaS
9 50 (2.01%) Cloud Computing
10 49 (1.97%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
11 44 (1.77%) IaaS
12 42 (1.69%) Amazon EMR
13 38 (1.53%) PaaS
14 36 (1.45%) Amazon EC2
15 33 (1.33%) Amazon Kinesis
16 32 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
17 27 (1.09%) GitHub
18 19 (0.76%) Adobe Analytics
18 19 (0.76%) Google Analytics
19 14 (0.56%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 57 (2.29%) Internet
2 35 (1.41%) HTTP
3 21 (0.84%) Network Security
4 15 (0.60%) SMS
5 14 (0.56%) DAB
6 13 (0.52%) Sourcefire
7 11 (0.44%) SMTP
8 10 (0.40%) Skype
9 7 (0.28%) Ethernet
9 7 (0.28%) Firewall
9 7 (0.28%) InfiniBand
10 4 (0.16%) DNS
10 4 (0.16%) Intrusion Detection
10 4 (0.16%) SSL
11 3 (0.12%) Broadband
11 3 (0.12%) FTP
11 3 (0.12%) VPN
12 2 (0.080%) 5G
12 2 (0.080%) DHCP
12 2 (0.080%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 957 (38.48%) Big Data
2 549 (22.07%) Hadoop
3 355 (14.27%) NoSQL
4 227 (9.13%) MongoDB
5 197 (7.92%) Apache Cassandra
6 183 (7.36%) PostgreSQL
7 164 (6.59%) Data Mining
8 157 (6.31%) Apache Hive
9 143 (5.75%) MySQL
10 142 (5.71%) Data Lake
11 136 (5.47%) Power BI
12 130 (5.23%) Blockchain
13 117 (4.70%) Data Warehouse
14 114 (4.58%) Relational Database
15 91 (3.66%) HBase
16 86 (3.46%) SQL Server
17 71 (2.85%) Azure SQL Database
18 70 (2.81%) Amazon Redshift
19 58 (2.33%) QlikView
20 55 (2.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 209 (8.40%) Git (software)
2 65 (2.61%) Maven
3 52 (2.09%) Visual Studio
4 49 (1.97%) Jenkins
5 39 (1.57%) Gradle
6 34 (1.37%) JIRA
7 29 (1.17%) JUnit
8 24 (0.97%) CircleCI
9 23 (0.92%) Octopus Deploy
9 23 (0.92%) TeamCity
10 21 (0.84%) Cucumber
11 15 (0.60%) RStudio
12 14 (0.56%) Mockito
12 14 (0.56%) Selenium
13 11 (0.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 11 (0.44%) Bitbucket
14 10 (0.40%) Team Foundation Server
14 10 (0.40%) Travis CI
15 9 (0.36%) Vagrant
16 8 (0.32%) Artifactory
General
1 612 (24.61%) Finance
2 195 (7.84%) Banking
3 171 (6.88%) Marketing
4 128 (5.15%) Retail
5 106 (4.26%) Advertising
6 76 (3.06%) Games
7 66 (2.65%) Front Office
8 63 (2.53%) Law
9 55 (2.21%) Legal
10 49 (1.97%) Telecoms
11 44 (1.77%) Financial Institution
12 41 (1.65%) Retail Banking
13 39 (1.57%) Investment Banking
14 26 (1.05%) Publishing
15 20 (0.80%) Manufacturing
16 19 (0.76%) Electronics
17 6 (0.24%) French Language
18 5 (0.20%) Automotive
18 5 (0.20%) German Language
19 4 (0.16%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 625 (25.13%) Developer
2 512 (20.59%) Data Scientist
3 199 (8.00%) Data Engineer
4 190 (7.64%) Java Developer
5 158 (6.35%) Senior Data Scientist
6 157 (6.31%) Architect
6 157 (6.31%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 134 (5.39%) Python Developer
8 131 (5.27%) Software Engineer
9 116 (4.66%) Consultant
10 93 (3.74%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 88 (3.54%) Python Engineer
12 86 (3.46%) Machine Learning Developer
13 82 (3.30%) Analyst
14 78 (3.14%) Big Data Engineer
15 65 (2.61%) DevOps Engineer
16 60 (2.41%) Senior Developer
17 59 (2.37%) Java Engineer
17 59 (2.37%) Solutions Architect
18 49 (1.97%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 467 (18.78%) Natural Language Processing
2 219 (8.81%) React
3 196 (7.88%) Kafka
4 193 (7.76%) Node.js
5 164 (6.59%) TensorFlow
6 161 (6.47%) AngularJS
7 156 (6.27%) CSS
8 155 (6.23%) HTML
9 146 (5.87%) NumPy
10 138 (5.55%) RESTful
11 134 (5.39%) scikit-learn
11 134 (5.39%) Web Services
12 117 (4.70%) Pandas
13 108 (4.34%) .NET
14 99 (3.98%) SciPy
15 90 (3.62%) REST
16 74 (2.98%) Django
17 65 (2.61%) Ruby on Rails
17 65 (2.61%) Spring
18 63 (2.53%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 615 (24.73%) Algorithms
2 497 (19.98%) Computer Science
3 305 (12.26%) Analytical Skills
4 290 (11.66%) Fintech
5 128 (5.15%) Greenfield Project
6 105 (4.22%) User Experience
7 98 (3.94%) Data Structures
8 61 (2.45%) Hedge funds
9 54 (2.17%) Cyberthreat
9 54 (2.17%) Equities
10 46 (1.85%) Social Media
11 41 (1.65%) Enterprise Software
12 34 (1.37%) Management Information System
13 32 (1.29%) Robotics
14 31 (1.25%) Mobile App
15 25 (1.01%) Bitcoin
16 24 (0.97%) Life Science
17 22 (0.88%) Blog
17 22 (0.88%) Self-Motivation
18 21 (0.84%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 233 (9.37%) Linux
2 35 (1.41%) Unix
3 32 (1.29%) Apple iOS
4 24 (0.97%) Android
4 24 (0.97%) Windows
5 8 (0.32%) CentOS
6 6 (0.24%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.16%) Debian
8 3 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.12%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.080%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.080%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.080%) Robot Operating System
9 2 (0.080%) SUSE
9 2 (0.080%) VyOS
9 2 (0.080%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.080%) Windows 7
9 2 (0.080%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.080%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,154 (46.40%) Data Science
2 947 (38.08%) Artificial Intelligence
3 803 (32.29%) Analytics
4 630 (25.33%) Agile Software Development
5 437 (17.57%) Mathematics
6 391 (15.72%) Software Engineering
7 358 (14.39%) Deep Learning
8 356 (14.31%) Statistics
9 299 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
10 260 (10.45%) Data Analytics
11 252 (10.13%) DevOps
12 251 (10.09%) Visualisation
13 243 (9.77%) Microservices
14 236 (9.49%) Business Intelligence
15 221 (8.89%) TDD
16 196 (7.88%) Neural Network
17 174 (7.00%) Data Engineering
17 174 (7.00%) OO
18 171 (6.88%) Data Visualisation
19 169 (6.80%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 1,464 (58.87%) Python
2 805 (32.37%) Java
3 712 (28.63%) SQL
4 523 (21.03%) R
5 454 (18.25%) Scala
6 397 (15.96%) JavaScript
7 342 (13.75%) C++
8 218 (8.77%) C#
9 162 (6.51%) MATLAB
10 151 (6.07%) Ruby
11 103 (4.14%) Go
12 100 (4.02%) C
13 61 (2.45%) Java 8
14 44 (1.77%) Bash Shell
15 40 (1.61%) PHP
16 39 (1.57%) Shell Script
16 39 (1.57%) U-SQL
17 34 (1.37%) TypeScript
18 28 (1.13%) ES6
19 26 (1.05%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 470 (18.90%) Degree
2 380 (15.28%) PhD
3 123 (4.95%) Computer Science Degree
4 53 (2.13%) Numerate Degree
5 52 (2.09%) Master's Degree
6 25 (1.01%) Security Cleared
7 13 (0.52%) CEH
7 13 (0.52%) CISSP
7 13 (0.52%) GCIH
7 13 (0.52%) OSCP
8 5 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
9 4 (0.16%) PMP
10 3 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.080%) CFA
11 2 (0.080%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.080%) Postgraduate
11 2 (0.080%) SC Cleared
12 1 (0.040%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.040%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.040%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (2.65%) QA
2 43 (1.73%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.48%) GCP
4 10 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.32%) GDPR
6 7 (0.28%) GPG13
7 6 (0.24%) Solvency II
8 2 (0.080%) COBIT
8 2 (0.080%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.080%) EMIR
8 2 (0.080%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.040%) FATCA
9 1 (0.040%) MiFID
9 1 (0.040%) Val IT
System Software
1 298 (11.98%) Docker
2 69 (2.77%) HDFS
3 39 (1.57%) Virtual Machines
4 27 (1.09%) Apache Flume
5 15 (0.60%) Snort
6 7 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
7 6 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.16%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.12%) LXC
10 2 (0.080%) iptables
Systems Management
1 155 (6.23%) Kubernetes
2 67 (2.69%) Ansible
3 53 (2.13%) Puppet
4 47 (1.89%) Terraform
5 39 (1.57%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (1.29%) Mesos
7 31 (1.25%) Hadoop YARN
8 13 (0.52%) Prometheus
8 13 (0.52%) Suricata
9 10 (0.40%) Grafana
9 10 (0.40%) Oozie
10 9 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
11 7 (0.28%) Packer
11 7 (0.28%) QRadar
12 3 (0.12%) Fluentd
12 3 (0.12%) Kibana
12 3 (0.12%) Nagios
13 2 (0.080%) Rancher
13 2 (0.080%) SCCM
14 1 (0.040%) Marathon
Vendors
1 225 (9.05%) Microsoft
2 215 (8.64%) Google
3 199 (8.00%) Tableau
4 69 (2.77%) Cloudera
4 69 (2.77%) Oracle
5 46 (1.85%) Facebook
5 46 (1.85%) IBM
6 41 (1.65%) Hortonworks
6 41 (1.65%) Twitter
7 32 (1.29%) MapR
8 26 (1.05%) Adobe
9 21 (0.84%) VMware
10 20 (0.80%) Alteryx
10 20 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
11 18 (0.72%) SAP
12 17 (0.68%) Capita
13 16 (0.64%) Splunk
13 16 (0.64%) Teradata
14 14 (0.56%) Informatica
14 14 (0.56%) Talend