Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 62 74 66
Rank change year-on-year +12 -8 +18
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,394 1,192 2,556
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.32% 4.16% 4.47%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.58% 4.42% 4.78%
Number of salaries quoted 1,128 939 2,060
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £47,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £55,000 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year -6.67% - +7.14%
75th Percentile £90,000 £95,000 £90,000
90th Percentile £107,500 £115,000 £110,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £65,000

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 42,889 26,948 53,475
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.25% 94.04% 93.57%
Number of salaries quoted 28,417 22,094 43,978
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £68,192 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.65% +4.91% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +10 240 £66,875 -10.83% 87
West London +22 72 £67,500 +3.85% 22
South London +19 30 £72,500 +7.41%
East London -1 10 £70,000 +27.27% 15
North London +12 2 £36,772 -33.14% 1
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,377 (57.52%) Python
2 1,066 (44.53%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,035 (43.23%) Data Science
4 925 (38.64%) AWS
5 767 (32.04%) Agile Software Development
6 746 (31.16%) Analytics
7 701 (29.28%) SQL
8 689 (28.78%) Finance
9 662 (27.65%) Software Engineering
10 570 (23.81%) JavaScript
11 556 (23.22%) GCP
12 550 (22.97%) Docker
13 525 (21.93%) React
14 509 (21.26%) Kubernetes
15 479 (20.01%) Azure
16 461 (19.26%) Algorithms
17 449 (18.76%) Java
18 437 (18.25%) Microservices
19 424 (17.71%) DevOps
20 409 (17.08%) Big Data
21 398 (16.62%) Social Skills
22 373 (15.58%) Full Stack Development
23 342 (14.29%) TypeScript
24 334 (13.95%) User Experience
25 317 (13.24%) Degree
26 316 (13.20%) Google
27 315 (13.16%) Terraform
28 303 (12.66%) Node.js
29 300 (12.53%) Visualisation
30 295 (12.32%) Computer Science

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 265 (11.07%) Apache Spark
2 130 (5.43%) Apache Airflow
3 125 (5.22%) Elasticsearch
4 78 (3.26%) Apache
5 59 (2.46%) Confluence
6 37 (1.55%) Jupyter
7 30 (1.25%) SAS
8 20 (0.84%) CMS
9 11 (0.46%) Luigi
10 7 (0.29%) IIS
10 7 (0.29%) Oracle Workflow
10 7 (0.29%) SharePoint
11 4 (0.17%) Tornado
12 3 (0.13%) Apache Pig
12 3 (0.13%) Mule
13 2 (0.084%) Appian
13 2 (0.084%) Ethereum
14 1 (0.042%) Apache Pulsar
14 1 (0.042%) Drupal
14 1 (0.042%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 35 (1.46%) Chatbot
2 30 (1.25%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.33%) Photoshop
5 7 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.21%) Fireworks
6 5 (0.21%) InVision
6 5 (0.21%) Sketch
7 4 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.084%) Figma
8 2 (0.084%) Gephi
8 2 (0.084%) SPSS
9 1 (0.042%) CPLEX
9 1 (0.042%) Weka
9 1 (0.042%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 15 (0.63%) Payment Gateway
1 15 (0.63%) Shopify
2 4 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.17%) FINCAD Analytics
2 4 (0.17%) Summit
3 2 (0.084%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 2 (0.084%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 925 (38.64%) AWS
2 556 (23.22%) GCP
3 479 (20.01%) Azure
4 258 (10.78%) Serverless
5 115 (4.80%) GitHub
6 106 (4.43%) Power Platform
6 106 (4.43%) SaaS
7 97 (4.05%) Amazon S3
8 90 (3.76%) AWS Lambda
9 67 (2.80%) Cloud Functions
10 64 (2.67%) AWS CloudFormation
11 62 (2.59%) Cloud Computing
12 58 (2.42%) Amazon SageMaker
13 55 (2.30%) PaaS
14 43 (1.80%) Azure Functions
15 42 (1.75%) Amazon ECS
16 38 (1.59%) AWS Fargate
17 36 (1.50%) Snowflake
18 34 (1.42%) Heroku
19 33 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 54 (2.26%) HTTP
2 25 (1.04%) Internet
3 20 (0.84%) Broadband
3 20 (0.84%) Firewall
4 17 (0.71%) Network Security
5 11 (0.46%) SSH
5 11 (0.46%) VPN
6 10 (0.42%) TCP/IP
7 8 (0.33%) FTP
7 8 (0.33%) IPsec
8 7 (0.29%) DNS
9 4 (0.17%) DHCP
9 4 (0.17%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.17%) IPv4
9 4 (0.17%) IPv6
9 4 (0.17%) SMTP
9 4 (0.17%) SNMP
10 2 (0.084%) Ethernet
10 2 (0.084%) MPLS
10 2 (0.084%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 409 (17.08%) Big Data
2 270 (11.28%) PostgreSQL
3 192 (8.02%) NoSQL
4 147 (6.14%) Relational Database
5 114 (4.76%) MongoDB
6 111 (4.64%) Hadoop
7 107 (4.47%) Data Warehouse
8 106 (4.43%) Tableau
9 105 (4.39%) Redis
10 97 (4.05%) MySQL
10 97 (4.05%) Power BI
11 96 (4.01%) BigQuery
12 94 (3.93%) Data Mining
12 94 (3.93%) SQL Server
13 63 (2.63%) Data Lake
14 56 (2.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 54 (2.26%) Looker
16 53 (2.21%) Metadata
17 31 (1.29%) Amazon Redshift
18 30 (1.25%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 234 (9.77%) Git (software)
2 117 (4.89%) Jenkins
3 111 (4.64%) JIRA
4 69 (2.88%) Cypress.io
5 48 (2.01%) GitLab
6 46 (1.92%) Bitbucket
7 44 (1.84%) webpack
8 39 (1.63%) TeamCity
9 33 (1.38%) Jasmine
9 33 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
10 31 (1.29%) Selenium
11 23 (0.96%) CircleCI
12 21 (0.88%) gulp
13 17 (0.71%) Cucumber
13 17 (0.71%) Gradle
14 16 (0.67%) Team Foundation Server
15 14 (0.58%) Maven
16 13 (0.54%) SpecFlow
17 12 (0.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 11 (0.46%) Visual Studio
General
1 689 (28.78%) Finance
2 398 (16.62%) Social Skills
3 266 (11.11%) Banking
4 197 (8.23%) Analytical Skills
5 187 (7.81%) Retail
6 177 (7.39%) Marketing
7 129 (5.39%) Games
8 91 (3.80%) Law
9 86 (3.59%) Telecoms
10 70 (2.92%) Advertising
10 70 (2.92%) Front Office
10 70 (2.92%) Legal
11 67 (2.80%) Investment Banking
12 66 (2.76%) Financial Institution
13 65 (2.72%) Presentation Skills
14 58 (2.42%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 46 (1.92%) Pharmaceutical
15 46 (1.92%) Public Sector
16 38 (1.59%) Organisational Skills
17 27 (1.13%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 514 (21.47%) Developer
2 277 (11.57%) Data Scientist
3 246 (10.28%) Software Engineer
4 190 (7.94%) Data Engineer
5 169 (7.06%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 114 (4.76%) Senior Developer
7 113 (4.72%) Python Engineer
8 106 (4.43%) Senior Software Engineer
9 102 (4.26%) Full Stack Developer
10 85 (3.55%) Architect
11 71 (2.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 71 (2.97%) Python Developer
11 71 (2.97%) Senior Data Scientist
12 62 (2.59%) Consultant
12 62 (2.59%) Product Manager
13 61 (2.55%) Analyst
14 60 (2.51%) DevOps Engineer
15 57 (2.38%) Machine Learning Scientist
16 54 (2.26%) Java Developer
17 53 (2.21%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 525 (21.93%) React
2 303 (12.66%) Node.js
3 265 (11.07%) REST
4 219 (9.15%) GraphQL
5 218 (9.11%) CSS
6 212 (8.86%) AngularJS
7 193 (8.06%) TensorFlow
8 190 (7.94%) HTML
9 179 (7.48%) .NET
10 164 (6.85%) RESTful
11 163 (6.81%) scikit-learn
12 160 (6.68%) Kafka
13 147 (6.14%) Redux
14 145 (6.06%) PyTorch
15 137 (5.72%) Pandas
16 135 (5.64%) NumPy
17 128 (5.35%) Django
18 126 (5.26%) Vue.js
19 118 (4.93%) Web Services
20 110 (4.59%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 461 (19.26%) Algorithms
2 334 (13.95%) User Experience
3 117 (4.89%) Hedge funds
4 96 (4.01%) Data Structures
5 79 (3.30%) Greenfield Project
6 75 (3.13%) Equities
7 62 (2.59%) Cloud Native
7 62 (2.59%) Fixed Income
8 60 (2.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 59 (2.46%) Blog
10 49 (2.05%) Derivative
10 49 (2.05%) Self-Motivation
11 48 (2.01%) Mobile App
12 43 (1.80%) Linux Command Line
13 42 (1.75%) Virtual Team
14 41 (1.71%) Augmented Reality
15 39 (1.63%) Social Media
16 36 (1.50%) NHS
17 35 (1.46%) Management Information System
18 34 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 183 (7.64%) Linux
2 87 (3.63%) Apple iOS
3 77 (3.22%) Android
4 47 (1.96%) Unix
5 12 (0.50%) Windows
6 6 (0.25%) Mesosphere
7 5 (0.21%) CentOS
7 5 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.13%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.042%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,066 (44.53%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,035 (43.23%) Data Science
3 767 (32.04%) Agile Software Development
4 746 (31.16%) Analytics
5 662 (27.65%) Software Engineering
6 437 (18.25%) Microservices
7 424 (17.71%) DevOps
8 373 (15.58%) Full Stack Development
9 300 (12.53%) Visualisation
10 295 (12.32%) Computer Science
11 286 (11.95%) Problem-Solving
12 270 (11.28%) Natural Language Processing
13 256 (10.69%) Test Automation
14 242 (10.11%) Fintech
15 239 (9.98%) Continuous Integration
16 236 (9.86%) Scrum
17 226 (9.44%) Mathematics
18 223 (9.31%) TDD
19 209 (8.73%) Data Engineering
20 202 (8.44%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,377 (57.52%) Python
2 701 (29.28%) SQL
3 570 (23.81%) JavaScript
4 449 (18.76%) Java
5 342 (14.29%) TypeScript
6 223 (9.31%) C#
7 189 (7.89%) C++
8 169 (7.06%) Go
9 158 (6.60%) Scala
10 144 (6.02%) R
11 82 (3.43%) C
12 76 (3.17%) Ruby
13 60 (2.51%) Shell Script
14 53 (2.21%) ES6
15 48 (2.01%) Bash Shell
16 42 (1.75%) MATLAB
17 36 (1.50%) Java 8
18 33 (1.38%) Kotlin
19 32 (1.34%) Cython
20 28 (1.17%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 317 (13.24%) Degree
2 158 (6.60%) PhD
3 94 (3.93%) Computer Science Degree
4 40 (1.67%) Master's Degree
5 27 (1.13%) Security Cleared
6 14 (0.58%) DV Cleared
7 8 (0.33%) DBS Check
7 8 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
7 8 (0.33%) Postgraduate
8 6 (0.25%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
9 4 (0.17%) CFA
9 4 (0.17%) MCSA
10 3 (0.13%) SC Cleared
11 2 (0.084%) CCNA
11 2 (0.084%) CEH
11 2 (0.084%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.084%) CISSP
11 2 (0.084%) MCSE
11 2 (0.084%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (4.39%) QA
2 67 (2.80%) Data Quality
3 53 (2.21%) GDPR
4 30 (1.25%) Accessibility
5 21 (0.88%) PSD2
6 9 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.29%) WAI
8 5 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
8 5 (0.21%) EMIR
8 5 (0.21%) MiFID
9 4 (0.17%) NIST
10 3 (0.13%) DICOM
11 1 (0.042%) IFRS
11 1 (0.042%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 550 (22.97%) Docker
2 12 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 11 (0.46%) etcd
4 7 (0.29%) Ceph
5 6 (0.25%) Active Directory
5 6 (0.25%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.17%) Snort
6 4 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.084%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.084%) Firmware
8 1 (0.042%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 509 (21.26%) Kubernetes
2 315 (13.16%) Terraform
3 103 (4.30%) Ansible
4 86 (3.59%) Prometheus
5 63 (2.63%) Grafana
6 46 (1.92%) Puppet
7 32 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
8 25 (1.04%) Istio
9 22 (0.92%) Kubeflow
10 16 (0.67%) Consul
11 10 (0.42%) Kibana
12 8 (0.33%) Fortio
12 8 (0.33%) Kiali
13 7 (0.29%) Galera Cluster
14 6 (0.25%) Automic
14 6 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
14 6 (0.25%) logstash
14 6 (0.25%) Oozie
15 5 (0.21%) Packer
15 5 (0.21%) systemd
Vendors
1 316 (13.20%) Google
2 121 (5.05%) Microsoft
3 66 (2.76%) Databricks
4 48 (2.01%) Samsung
5 45 (1.88%) Facebook
6 40 (1.67%) Yahoo!
7 34 (1.42%) Dell
8 28 (1.17%) Oracle
9 27 (1.13%) Splunk
10 22 (0.92%) Snapchat
11 21 (0.88%) Cloudera
12 20 (0.84%) YouTube
13 18 (0.75%) IBM
14 16 (0.67%) SAP
15 15 (0.63%) Elastic Path
15 15 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
16 13 (0.54%) BT
16 13 (0.54%) Spotify
17 12 (0.50%) Huawei
17 12 (0.50%) New Relic