Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 126 216 351
Rank change year-on-year +90 +135 +110
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2000 1212 845
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 2.66% 1.62% 0.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.90% 1.79% 1.06%
Number of salaries quoted 1700 1100 710
London median annual salary £65,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
10th Percentile £43,750 £38,700 £41,250
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £96,250
England median annual salary £60,750 £60,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +1.25% -4.00% +13.64%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 68869 67817 79798
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 91.63% 90.61% 89.56%
Number of salaries quoted 52972 58374 67234
London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £33,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £86,250
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +67 387 £65,000 +4.00% 49
West London +51 60 £62,500 -7.41% 8
East London +8 22 £75,000 +7.14% 6
South London - 22 £47,500 - 3
North London +13 19 £52,500 -22.22% 3
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1156 (57.80%) Python
2 639 (31.95%) Java
3 630 (31.50%) Analytics
4 602 (30.10%) Big Data
5 595 (29.75%) Agile Software Development
6 589 (29.45%) Finance
7 541 (27.05%) Apache Spark
8 527 (26.35%) SQL
9 485 (24.25%) Algorithms
10 477 (23.85%) Degree
11 440 (22.00%) Computer Science
12 437 (21.85%) Artificial Intelligence
13 414 (20.70%) Amazon AWS
14 406 (20.30%) Hadoop
15 392 (19.60%) R
16 382 (19.10%) Natural Language Processing
17 363 (18.15%) Scala
18 340 (17.00%) Mathematics
19 335 (16.75%) Software Engineering
20 321 (16.05%) C++
21 296 (14.80%) PhD
22 290 (14.50%) JavaScript
23 282 (14.10%) Analytical Skills
24 277 (13.85%) Statistics
25 272 (13.60%) Deep Learning
26 270 (13.50%) DevOps
27 269 (13.45%) Docker
28 236 (11.80%) NoSQL
29 215 (10.75%) Business Intelligence
30 212 (10.60%) Google

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 541 (27.05%) Apache Spark
2 110 (5.50%) SAS
3 105 (5.25%) Apache
4 97 (4.85%) Elasticsearch
5 47 (2.35%) Ethereum
6 36 (1.80%) Apache Pig
7 33 (1.65%) Hyperledger
8 22 (1.10%) Apache Solr
8 22 (1.10%) eris
9 16 (0.80%) Apache Airflow
10 15 (0.75%) MS Exchange
10 15 (0.75%) Tomcat
11 13 (0.65%) OpenStack
12 11 (0.55%) WebSphere
13 9 (0.45%) nginx
14 5 (0.25%) GeoServer
14 5 (0.25%) Tornado
15 4 (0.20%) Gentran
15 4 (0.20%) Jupyter
15 4 (0.20%) SharePoint
Applications
1 43 (2.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (1.55%) SPSS
3 25 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
4 17 (0.85%) Chatbot
5 9 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.20%) CPLEX
8 3 (0.15%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.10%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.050%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.050%) Weka
Business Applications
1 13 (0.65%) WebTrends
2 12 (0.60%) Revive Adserver
3 4 (0.20%) Oracle Receivables
4 3 (0.15%) Oracle AML
4 3 (0.15%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.10%) Actimize
5 2 (0.10%) FastStats
6 1 (0.050%) Capstone
6 1 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.050%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.050%) SAP InfiniteInsight
Cloud Services
1 414 (20.70%) Amazon AWS
2 195 (9.75%) Microsoft Azure
3 114 (5.70%) Google Cloud Platform
4 85 (4.25%) SaaS
5 71 (3.55%) Cloud Computing
6 53 (2.65%) Azure Machine Learning
7 45 (2.25%) GitHub
8 37 (1.85%) Amazon EC2
9 36 (1.80%) Amazon S3
10 33 (1.65%) PaaS
11 32 (1.60%) Google Analytics
12 20 (1.00%) Amazon Kinesis
12 20 (1.00%) Serverless
13 16 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
13 16 (0.80%) IaaS
14 15 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
14 15 (0.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 14 (0.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 14 (0.70%) Amazon EMR
16 13 (0.65%) Adobe Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 26 (1.30%) Ethernet
1 26 (1.30%) InfiniBand
1 26 (1.30%) Internet
2 15 (0.75%) Network Security
3 13 (0.65%) SMS
4 12 (0.60%) HTTP
4 12 (0.60%) SMTP
5 7 (0.35%) Intrusion Detection
6 5 (0.25%) Firewall
6 5 (0.25%) Wireless
7 4 (0.20%) DAB
7 4 (0.20%) OpenVPN
7 4 (0.20%) RFID
7 4 (0.20%) Skype
7 4 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
7 4 (0.20%) ZigBee
8 2 (0.10%) DNS
8 2 (0.10%) FTP
9 1 (0.050%) PBX
9 1 (0.050%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 602 (30.10%) Big Data
2 406 (20.30%) Hadoop
3 236 (11.80%) NoSQL
4 175 (8.75%) PostgreSQL
5 172 (8.60%) MongoDB
6 148 (7.40%) Data Mining
7 121 (6.05%) Apache Cassandra
8 120 (6.00%) Data Warehouse
9 112 (5.60%) Relational Database
10 97 (4.85%) Apache Hive
11 87 (4.35%) MySQL
12 82 (4.10%) Blockchain
13 76 (3.80%) Amazon Redshift
14 73 (3.65%) SQL Server
15 58 (2.90%) Power BI
15 58 (2.90%) QlikView
16 57 (2.85%) RDBMS
17 42 (2.10%) HBase
18 41 (2.05%) Text Mining
19 40 (2.00%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 102 (5.10%) Git (software)
2 56 (2.80%) Jenkins
3 30 (1.50%) JUnit
4 22 (1.10%) JIRA
5 19 (0.95%) Talend Open Studio
6 16 (0.80%) gulp
7 15 (0.75%) TeamCity
7 15 (0.75%) webpack
8 12 (0.60%) Maven
9 11 (0.55%) Selenium
9 11 (0.55%) Vagrant
10 10 (0.50%) CircleCI
11 8 (0.40%) Jasmine
12 7 (0.35%) Bitbucket
12 7 (0.35%) CMake
12 7 (0.35%) Cucumber
12 7 (0.35%) IntelliJ
12 7 (0.35%) Travis CI
13 6 (0.30%) GoCD
13 6 (0.30%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 589 (29.45%) Finance
2 200 (10.00%) Marketing
3 132 (6.60%) Banking
4 106 (5.30%) Retail
5 104 (5.20%) Legal
6 92 (4.60%) Games
7 59 (2.95%) Telecoms
8 58 (2.90%) Advertising
8 58 (2.90%) Financial Institution
9 51 (2.55%) Publishing
10 42 (2.10%) Electronics
11 38 (1.90%) Manufacturing
12 26 (1.30%) Investment Banking
13 22 (1.10%) Law
14 20 (1.00%) Front Office
15 16 (0.80%) Retail Banking
16 15 (0.75%) Automotive
17 9 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
18 6 (0.30%) French Language
18 6 (0.30%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 514 (25.70%) Developer
2 414 (20.70%) Data Scientist
3 152 (7.60%) Machine Learning Engineer
4 140 (7.00%) Software Engineer
5 136 (6.80%) Data Engineer
6 135 (6.75%) Python Developer
7 94 (4.70%) Architect
8 88 (4.40%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 87 (4.35%) Analyst
10 86 (4.30%) Senior Data Scientist
11 82 (4.10%) Full Stack Developer
12 78 (3.90%) Senior Developer
13 74 (3.70%) Machine Learning Developer
14 67 (3.35%) Java Developer
15 64 (3.20%) Consultant
16 59 (2.95%) DevOps Engineer
17 54 (2.70%) Big Data Engineer
18 41 (2.05%) C++ Developer
18 41 (2.05%) Software Developer
19 40 (2.00%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 382 (19.10%) Natural Language Processing
2 183 (9.15%) Node.js
3 170 (8.50%) React
4 167 (8.35%) TensorFlow
5 139 (6.95%) AngularJS
6 136 (6.80%) Kafka
7 111 (5.55%) HTML
8 108 (5.40%) .NET
9 102 (5.10%) CSS
9 102 (5.10%) Web Services
10 90 (4.50%) scikit-learn
11 87 (4.35%) REST
12 64 (3.20%) Django
12 64 (3.20%) NumPy
13 52 (2.60%) HTML5
14 50 (2.50%) Pandas
14 50 (2.50%) RESTful
15 47 (2.35%) Spring
16 46 (2.30%) Ruby on Rails
17 42 (2.10%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 485 (24.25%) Algorithms
2 440 (22.00%) Computer Science
3 282 (14.10%) Analytical Skills
4 208 (10.40%) Fintech
5 121 (6.05%) Greenfield Project
6 100 (5.00%) User Experience
7 75 (3.75%) Cyberthreat
8 59 (2.95%) Enterprise Software
9 54 (2.70%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 48 (2.40%) Hedge funds
11 42 (2.10%) Robotics
12 40 (2.00%) Public Cloud
13 37 (1.85%) Clustering
14 36 (1.80%) Client/Server
15 33 (1.65%) Data Structures
16 28 (1.40%) Hybrid Cloud
17 27 (1.35%) Device Driver
18 26 (1.30%) VHDL
19 25 (1.25%) Management Information System
20 23 (1.15%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 197 (9.85%) Linux
2 51 (2.55%) Unix
3 44 (2.20%) Apple iOS
4 43 (2.15%) Android
5 18 (0.90%) Windows
6 9 (0.45%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.35%) Debian
8 6 (0.30%) CentOS
8 6 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.050%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 630 (31.50%) Analytics
2 595 (29.75%) Agile Software Development
3 437 (21.85%) Artificial Intelligence
4 340 (17.00%) Mathematics
5 335 (16.75%) Software Engineering
6 277 (13.85%) Statistics
7 272 (13.60%) Deep Learning
8 270 (13.50%) DevOps
9 215 (10.75%) Business Intelligence
10 207 (10.35%) Visualisation
11 191 (9.55%) Data Analytics
12 177 (8.85%) Scrum
13 172 (8.60%) Cybersecurity
14 170 (8.50%) Microservices
15 166 (8.30%) Open Source
16 161 (8.05%) Neural Network
17 155 (7.75%) TDD
18 143 (7.15%) Physics
19 141 (7.05%) Predictive Analytics
20 133 (6.65%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 1156 (57.80%) Python
2 639 (31.95%) Java
3 527 (26.35%) SQL
4 392 (19.60%) R
5 363 (18.15%) Scala
6 321 (16.05%) C++
7 290 (14.50%) JavaScript
8 172 (8.60%) C#
9 161 (8.05%) Ruby
10 130 (6.50%) C
11 109 (5.45%) MATLAB
12 103 (5.15%) Go
13 51 (2.55%) PHP
14 38 (1.90%) Shell Script
15 32 (1.60%) Bash Shell
16 30 (1.50%) Solidity
17 25 (1.25%) Elixir
17 25 (1.25%) Julia
18 24 (1.20%) Haskell
19 21 (1.05%) Perl
Qualifications
1 477 (23.85%) Degree
2 296 (14.80%) PhD
3 160 (8.00%) Computer Science Degree
4 86 (4.30%) Master's Degree
5 34 (1.70%) Numerate Degree
6 24 (1.20%) Security Cleared
7 13 (0.65%) DV Cleared
8 7 (0.35%) PMP
9 5 (0.25%) SC Cleared
10 4 (0.20%) CISSP
10 4 (0.20%) Postgraduate
11 3 (0.15%) CEH
11 3 (0.15%) GCIH
11 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.15%) OSCP
11 3 (0.15%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.10%) MBA
13 1 (0.050%) AWS Certification
13 1 (0.050%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 1 (0.050%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (1.75%) QA
2 31 (1.55%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.60%) GCP
4 11 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.25%) Actionable Recommendations
6 4 (0.20%) GDPR
7 3 (0.15%) GPG13
8 1 (0.050%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.050%) IFRS
8 1 (0.050%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.050%) PMO
8 1 (0.050%) Solvency II
System Software
1 269 (13.45%) Docker
2 29 (1.45%) HDFS
3 12 (0.60%) Apache Flume
4 9 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.40%) Varnish
6 4 (0.20%) Firmware
6 4 (0.20%) Snort
7 2 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.10%) KVM
7 2 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.050%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.050%) LXC
Systems Management
1 152 (7.60%) Kubernetes
2 88 (4.40%) Ansible
3 49 (2.45%) Puppet
4 47 (2.35%) Opscode Chef
5 44 (2.20%) Terraform
6 36 (1.80%) Mesos
7 17 (0.85%) Hadoop YARN
8 12 (0.60%) Packer
9 6 (0.30%) Graylog
10 5 (0.25%) Rancher
11 4 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (0.20%) Oozie
11 4 (0.20%) Salt
12 3 (0.15%) Fluentd
12 3 (0.15%) QRadar
12 3 (0.15%) Suricata
13 2 (0.10%) Nagios
14 1 (0.050%) Grafana
14 1 (0.050%) Kibana
14 1 (0.050%) linkerd
Vendors
1 212 (10.60%) Google
2 169 (8.45%) Microsoft
3 144 (7.20%) Tableau
4 59 (2.95%) Oracle
5 42 (2.10%) SAP
6 33 (1.65%) Cloudera
7 32 (1.60%) IBM
8 25 (1.25%) Adobe
8 25 (1.25%) Twitter
9 21 (1.05%) Teradata
10 20 (1.00%) VMware
11 19 (0.95%) Hortonworks
11 19 (0.95%) Talend
12 17 (0.85%) Facebook
12 17 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
13 15 (0.75%) Adthena
13 15 (0.75%) Informatica
14 13 (0.65%) Alteryx
15 12 (0.60%) MapR
16 11 (0.55%) Splunk