Period
to 20 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 112 211 296
Rank change year-on-year +99 +85 +154
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,077 1,137 965
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 2.97% 1.61% 1.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.24% 1.77% 1.26%
Number of salaries quoted 1,791 1,017 848
London median annual salary £65,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £43,200
90th Percentile £105,000 £100,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% -4.00% +13.64%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 64,013 64,060 76,454
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 91.56% 90.52% 89.78%
Number of salaries quoted 51,273 54,587 64,829
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £36,000 £33,750 £33,750
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £86,750
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +82 414 £70,000 +5.66% 90
West London +57 52 £55,000 -18.52% 37
South London +24 26 £46,250 - 1
East London +15 20 £67,500 -3.57% 11
North London +12 10 £52,500 -14.29% 9
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,220 (58.74%) Python
2 738 (35.53%) Big Data
3 695 (33.46%) Java
4 656 (31.58%) Analytics
5 640 (30.81%) Apache Spark
6 584 (28.12%) Agile Software Development
7 576 (27.73%) SQL
8 566 (27.25%) Finance
9 538 (25.90%) Algorithms
10 481 (23.16%) Hadoop
11 458 (22.05%) Artificial Intelligence
12 452 (21.76%) Amazon AWS
13 439 (21.14%) Computer Science
14 426 (20.51%) R
15 420 (20.22%) Degree
16 413 (19.88%) Natural Language Processing
17 398 (19.16%) Scala
18 374 (18.01%) Software Engineering
19 358 (17.24%) Mathematics
20 318 (15.31%) JavaScript
21 309 (14.88%) C++
22 307 (14.78%) Statistics
23 304 (14.64%) PhD
24 295 (14.20%) Deep Learning
25 292 (14.06%) Analytical Skills
26 274 (13.19%) Docker
27 264 (12.71%) NoSQL
28 249 (11.99%) DevOps
29 229 (11.03%) MongoDB
29 229 (11.03%) Fintech

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 640 (30.81%) Apache Spark
2 122 (5.87%) SAS
3 115 (5.54%) Apache
4 87 (4.19%) Elasticsearch
5 53 (2.55%) Apache Pig
6 31 (1.49%) Apache Solr
7 29 (1.40%) Ethereum
8 22 (1.06%) Apache Airflow
9 20 (0.96%) Tomcat
10 18 (0.87%) Hyperledger
11 15 (0.72%) MS Exchange
12 14 (0.67%) eris
13 13 (0.63%) nginx
14 12 (0.58%) WebSphere
15 10 (0.48%) OpenStack
16 7 (0.34%) Luigi
17 5 (0.24%) GeoServer
17 5 (0.24%) SharePoint
18 4 (0.19%) Gentran
19 3 (0.14%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 37 (1.78%) SPSS
2 27 (1.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.87%) Chatbot
4 16 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.34%) Weka
6 6 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.24%) GNU Octave
8 4 (0.19%) CPLEX
9 3 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.096%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.096%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.048%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 20 (0.96%) WebTrends
2 14 (0.67%) MultiChain
3 8 (0.39%) Ripple
3 8 (0.39%) Ripple XRP
4 4 (0.19%) Oracle AML
4 4 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.096%) Actimize
5 2 (0.096%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.096%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.048%) Capstone
6 1 (0.048%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 1 (0.048%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.048%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.048%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 452 (21.76%) Amazon AWS
2 214 (10.30%) Microsoft Azure
3 113 (5.44%) Google Cloud Platform
4 70 (3.37%) Cloud Computing
5 66 (3.18%) SaaS
6 47 (2.26%) Amazon S3
7 41 (1.97%) Azure Machine Learning
8 35 (1.69%) Amazon EC2
9 33 (1.59%) Amazon Kinesis
10 31 (1.49%) GitHub
11 30 (1.44%) Serverless
12 28 (1.35%) Azure Data Factory
12 28 (1.35%) Google Analytics
13 25 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
14 24 (1.16%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
15 22 (1.06%) PaaS
16 21 (1.01%) Adobe Analytics
17 19 (0.91%) IaaS
18 18 (0.87%) Amazon EMR
19 11 (0.53%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 35 (1.69%) Internet
2 21 (1.01%) Ethernet
2 21 (1.01%) InfiniBand
3 20 (0.96%) HTTP
4 19 (0.91%) SMS
5 16 (0.77%) SMTP
6 14 (0.67%) Network Security
7 9 (0.43%) Skype
8 7 (0.34%) Intrusion Detection
9 6 (0.29%) DAB
10 5 (0.24%) Wireless
11 4 (0.19%) IPFS
11 4 (0.19%) RFID
11 4 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.19%) ZigBee
12 3 (0.14%) SSL
13 2 (0.096%) 5G
13 2 (0.096%) DNS
13 2 (0.096%) FTP
13 2 (0.096%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 738 (35.53%) Big Data
2 481 (23.16%) Hadoop
3 264 (12.71%) NoSQL
4 229 (11.03%) MongoDB
5 184 (8.86%) PostgreSQL
6 171 (8.23%) Data Mining
7 158 (7.61%) Apache Cassandra
8 126 (6.07%) Apache Hive
9 121 (5.83%) Data Warehouse
10 111 (5.34%) MySQL
11 102 (4.91%) Relational Database
12 75 (3.61%) Power BI
13 68 (3.27%) Amazon Redshift
13 68 (3.27%) Blockchain
14 65 (3.13%) HBase
15 59 (2.84%) SQL Server
16 57 (2.74%) Data Lake
17 51 (2.46%) QlikView
18 44 (2.12%) Text Mining
19 40 (1.93%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 132 (6.36%) Git (software)
2 44 (2.12%) Jenkins
3 31 (1.49%) Maven
4 28 (1.35%) JUnit
5 19 (0.91%) TeamCity
5 19 (0.91%) Visual Studio
6 17 (0.82%) CircleCI
7 14 (0.67%) JIRA
8 13 (0.63%) gulp
9 11 (0.53%) Travis CI
9 11 (0.53%) Vagrant
9 11 (0.53%) webpack
10 9 (0.43%) IntelliJ
11 8 (0.39%) Cucumber
11 8 (0.39%) GoCD
12 7 (0.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 7 (0.34%) Bitbucket
12 7 (0.34%) Gradle
12 7 (0.34%) Octopus Deploy
13 6 (0.29%) Jasmine
General
1 566 (27.25%) Finance
2 157 (7.56%) Banking
3 147 (7.08%) Marketing
4 125 (6.02%) Retail
5 107 (5.15%) Legal
6 84 (4.04%) Games
7 59 (2.84%) Advertising
8 51 (2.46%) Financial Institution
9 48 (2.31%) Telecoms
10 40 (1.93%) Law
11 38 (1.83%) Front Office
12 36 (1.73%) Publishing
13 33 (1.59%) Investment Banking
14 32 (1.54%) Retail Banking
15 27 (1.30%) Electronics
16 21 (1.01%) Manufacturing
17 13 (0.63%) Automotive
18 6 (0.29%) Retail Finance
19 5 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
20 2 (0.096%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 523 (25.18%) Developer
2 408 (19.64%) Data Scientist
3 177 (8.52%) Data Engineer
4 173 (8.33%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 139 (6.69%) Software Engineer
6 114 (5.49%) Architect
6 114 (5.49%) Python Developer
7 106 (5.10%) Java Developer
8 96 (4.62%) Senior Data Scientist
9 82 (3.95%) Machine Learning Developer
10 75 (3.61%) Analyst
11 73 (3.51%) Big Data Engineer
12 70 (3.37%) DevOps Engineer
12 70 (3.37%) Machine Learning Scientist
12 70 (3.37%) Senior Developer
13 61 (2.94%) Consultant
14 55 (2.65%) Full Stack Developer
15 48 (2.31%) Java Engineer
16 45 (2.17%) Senior Software Engineer
17 42 (2.02%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 413 (19.88%) Natural Language Processing
2 193 (9.29%) Node.js
3 182 (8.76%) React
4 159 (7.66%) Kafka
5 158 (7.61%) AngularJS
6 143 (6.88%) TensorFlow
7 120 (5.78%) CSS
8 119 (5.73%) HTML
9 102 (4.91%) .NET
10 95 (4.57%) Web Services
11 93 (4.48%) NumPy
12 92 (4.43%) scikit-learn
13 87 (4.19%) REST
14 67 (3.23%) Django
15 64 (3.08%) Pandas
16 62 (2.99%) RESTful
17 60 (2.89%) Spring
18 53 (2.55%) Ruby on Rails
19 52 (2.50%) HTML5
20 51 (2.46%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 538 (25.90%) Algorithms
2 439 (21.14%) Computer Science
3 292 (14.06%) Analytical Skills
4 229 (11.03%) Fintech
5 121 (5.83%) Greenfield Project
6 117 (5.63%) User Experience
7 88 (4.24%) Cyberthreat
8 58 (2.79%) Hedge funds
9 52 (2.50%) Data Structures
10 48 (2.31%) Enterprise Software
11 37 (1.78%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
11 37 (1.78%) Robotics
12 32 (1.54%) Mobile App
13 31 (1.49%) Equities
14 29 (1.40%) Clustering
15 26 (1.25%) Management Information System
16 24 (1.16%) Client/Server
16 24 (1.16%) Public Cloud
17 23 (1.11%) Social Media
18 22 (1.06%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 216 (10.40%) Linux
2 52 (2.50%) Unix
3 37 (1.78%) Apple iOS
4 34 (1.64%) Android
5 17 (0.82%) Windows
6 7 (0.34%) CentOS
7 5 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.24%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.19%) Debian
9 2 (0.096%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.096%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.048%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.048%) Robot Operating System
10 1 (0.048%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 656 (31.58%) Analytics
2 584 (28.12%) Agile Software Development
3 458 (22.05%) Artificial Intelligence
4 374 (18.01%) Software Engineering
5 358 (17.24%) Mathematics
6 307 (14.78%) Statistics
7 295 (14.20%) Deep Learning
8 249 (11.99%) DevOps
9 221 (10.64%) Visualisation
10 200 (9.63%) Business Intelligence
11 195 (9.39%) Microservices
12 189 (9.10%) Data Analytics
13 174 (8.38%) Cybersecurity
14 168 (8.09%) Neural Network
15 164 (7.90%) Scrum
16 156 (7.51%) Open Source
17 151 (7.27%) TDD
18 132 (6.36%) Physics
19 130 (6.26%) Data Visualisation
20 129 (6.21%) Predictive Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,220 (58.74%) Python
2 695 (33.46%) Java
3 576 (27.73%) SQL
4 426 (20.51%) R
5 398 (19.16%) Scala
6 318 (15.31%) JavaScript
7 309 (14.88%) C++
8 195 (9.39%) C#
9 154 (7.41%) Ruby
10 131 (6.31%) MATLAB
11 121 (5.83%) C
12 113 (5.44%) Go
13 46 (2.21%) PHP
14 45 (2.17%) Shell Script
15 37 (1.78%) Bash Shell
16 28 (1.35%) Perl
17 20 (0.96%) Julia
18 19 (0.91%) ES6
19 18 (0.87%) Apple Swift
19 18 (0.87%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 420 (20.22%) Degree
2 304 (14.64%) PhD
3 148 (7.13%) Computer Science Degree
4 71 (3.42%) Master's Degree
5 31 (1.49%) Numerate Degree
6 25 (1.20%) Security Cleared
7 10 (0.48%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.29%) PMP
9 5 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.19%) CISSP
11 3 (0.14%) CEH
11 3 (0.14%) GCIH
11 3 (0.14%) OSCP
12 2 (0.096%) Postgraduate
12 2 (0.096%) SC Cleared
13 1 (0.048%) BC Cleared
13 1 (0.048%) MBA
13 1 (0.048%) PMI Certification
13 1 (0.048%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 1 (0.048%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (2.55%) QA
2 48 (2.31%) Data Quality
3 10 (0.48%) GCP
4 7 (0.34%) GDPR
5 5 (0.24%) Solvency II
6 3 (0.14%) GPG13
6 3 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.048%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.048%) EMIR
7 1 (0.048%) FATCA
7 1 (0.048%) IFRS
7 1 (0.048%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.048%) MiFID
System Software
1 274 (13.19%) Docker
2 31 (1.49%) HDFS
3 20 (0.96%) Apache Flume
4 13 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (0.39%) Varnish
6 4 (0.19%) Snort
6 4 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.096%) KVM
8 2 (0.096%) LXC
9 1 (0.048%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 148 (7.13%) Kubernetes
2 76 (3.66%) Ansible
3 51 (2.46%) Terraform
4 49 (2.36%) Puppet
5 33 (1.59%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (1.35%) Mesos
7 23 (1.11%) Hadoop YARN
8 8 (0.39%) Oozie
9 7 (0.34%) Packer
10 6 (0.29%) Rancher
11 5 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.19%) Graylog
13 3 (0.14%) Fluentd
13 3 (0.14%) QRadar
13 3 (0.14%) Suricata
14 2 (0.096%) Kibana
14 2 (0.096%) Nagios
14 2 (0.096%) SCCM
15 1 (0.048%) Grafana
15 1 (0.048%) linkerd
Vendors
1 226 (10.88%) Google
2 176 (8.47%) Microsoft
3 163 (7.85%) Tableau
4 67 (3.23%) Oracle
5 57 (2.74%) Cloudera
6 46 (2.21%) IBM
7 33 (1.59%) Adobe
8 32 (1.54%) Twitter
9 31 (1.49%) Hortonworks
10 28 (1.35%) Facebook
11 27 (1.30%) MapR
11 27 (1.30%) Teradata
12 23 (1.11%) VMware
13 22 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
13 22 (1.06%) SAP
13 22 (1.06%) Talend
14 19 (0.91%) Informatica
15 16 (0.77%) Alteryx
16 15 (0.72%) Adthena
17 14 (0.67%) Monax