Period
to 19 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 19 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
19 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 61 87 183
Rank change year-on-year +26 +96 +65
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,847 2,480 1,351
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 4.69% 3.55% 1.96%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.10% 3.82% 2.13%
Number of salaries quoted 2,305 2,182 1,177
London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
10th Percentile £48,750 £45,000 £45,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £110,000 £106,250
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 55,838 64,844 63,468
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 92.04% 92.72% 92.17%
Number of salaries quoted 45,076 53,192 53,275
London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £95,375 £92,500 £90,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 19 April 2019.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 19 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +35 540 £75,000 +11.11% 65
West London +64 112 £60,000 +4.35% 15
South London +20 33 £65,000 +36.84% 11
East London +6 21 £41,500 -40.71% 15
North London +16 1 £80,000 - 1
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 19 April 2019, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,663 (58.41%) Python
2 1,256 (44.12%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,119 (39.30%) Data Science
4 945 (33.19%) Analytics
5 863 (30.31%) Big Data
6 861 (30.24%) SQL
7 844 (29.65%) Agile Software Development
8 831 (29.19%) Java
9 777 (27.29%) Amazon AWS
10 650 (22.83%) Finance
11 592 (20.79%) Software Engineering
12 588 (20.65%) Apache Spark
13 505 (17.74%) Hadoop
14 502 (17.63%) DevOps
15 498 (17.49%) Microsoft Azure
16 497 (17.46%) Algorithms
17 480 (16.86%) Degree
18 449 (15.77%) R
19 441 (15.49%) JavaScript
20 431 (15.14%) Computer Science
21 406 (14.26%) Scala
22 403 (14.16%) Docker
23 396 (13.91%) Mathematics
24 382 (13.42%) Natural Language Processing
25 372 (13.07%) NoSQL
26 366 (12.86%) C++
27 363 (12.75%) Analytical Skills
28 355 (12.47%) Google Cloud Platform
29 351 (12.33%) Visualisation
30 334 (11.73%) Linux

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 588 (20.65%) Apache Spark
2 163 (5.73%) Elasticsearch
3 137 (4.81%) Apache Pig
4 107 (3.76%) Apache
5 72 (2.53%) SAS
6 36 (1.26%) Apache Solr
7 29 (1.02%) Jupyter
8 26 (0.91%) SharePoint
9 20 (0.70%) Tomcat
10 17 (0.60%) Hyperledger
11 16 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
12 12 (0.42%) Ethereum
13 11 (0.39%) CMS
14 10 (0.35%) Tornado
15 9 (0.32%) GlassFish
16 8 (0.28%) Confluence
16 8 (0.28%) Luigi
17 7 (0.25%) DNN
18 5 (0.18%) IPython
18 5 (0.18%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 61 (2.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (1.37%) Chatbot
3 21 (0.74%) SPSS
4 18 (0.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (0.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 7 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
7 5 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.18%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.18%) Stata
8 3 (0.11%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.070%) LaTeX
9 2 (0.070%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.070%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.070%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 20 (0.70%) Distributed Ledger
2 5 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
4 3 (0.11%) SAP FI-GL
5 2 (0.070%) FastStats
5 2 (0.070%) PolarLake
5 2 (0.070%) SAP MDG
5 2 (0.070%) SAP MDM
5 2 (0.070%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.035%) BigMachines
6 1 (0.035%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 1 (0.035%) MultiChain
6 1 (0.035%) Quorum
6 1 (0.035%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 777 (27.29%) Amazon AWS
2 498 (17.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 355 (12.47%) Google Cloud Platform
4 129 (4.53%) Serverless
5 105 (3.69%) AWS Lambda
6 86 (3.02%) Amazon S3
7 83 (2.92%) SaaS
8 75 (2.63%) Amazon SQS
9 71 (2.49%) Cloud Computing
10 65 (2.28%) Amazon EC2
11 54 (1.90%) PaaS
12 48 (1.69%) Azure Machine Learning
13 44 (1.55%) Amazon EMR
14 42 (1.48%) Amazon Kinesis
15 41 (1.44%) AWS CloudFormation
16 36 (1.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 36 (1.26%) GitHub
17 28 (0.98%) Office 365
18 27 (0.95%) Azure Data Factory
19 24 (0.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 30 (1.05%) HTTP
2 28 (0.98%) Internet
3 16 (0.56%) Firewall
4 8 (0.28%) VPN
5 7 (0.25%) Broadband
5 7 (0.25%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.21%) MQTT
7 5 (0.18%) FTP
7 5 (0.18%) Network Security
7 5 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
8 3 (0.11%) Cisco ASA
8 3 (0.11%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
8 3 (0.11%) Remote Desktop
8 3 (0.11%) SAN
8 3 (0.11%) Skype
9 2 (0.070%) Bluetooth
9 2 (0.070%) DNS
9 2 (0.070%) NFC
10 1 (0.035%) BGP
10 1 (0.035%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 863 (30.31%) Big Data
2 505 (17.74%) Hadoop
3 372 (13.07%) NoSQL
4 236 (8.29%) Apache Hive
5 192 (6.74%) Data Warehouse
6 176 (6.18%) MongoDB
7 172 (6.04%) HBase
8 152 (5.34%) Data Mining
9 144 (5.06%) Apache Cassandra
10 129 (4.53%) SQL Server
11 124 (4.36%) Relational Database
12 121 (4.25%) Blockchain
13 118 (4.14%) QlikView
14 116 (4.07%) MySQL
14 116 (4.07%) PostgreSQL
15 107 (3.76%) Amazon Redshift
16 96 (3.37%) Power BI
17 94 (3.30%) Sqoop
18 85 (2.99%) Data Lake
19 72 (2.53%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 212 (7.45%) Git (software)
2 122 (4.29%) Jenkins
3 74 (2.60%) Gradle
4 73 (2.56%) Maven
5 53 (1.86%) Ant
6 32 (1.12%) Selenium
7 30 (1.05%) Subversion
8 27 (0.95%) webpack
9 25 (0.88%) Visual Studio
10 23 (0.81%) GitLab
10 23 (0.81%) JIRA
11 18 (0.63%) JUnit
12 17 (0.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 16 (0.56%) Grunt
13 16 (0.56%) Jasmine
14 15 (0.53%) PhantomJS
15 14 (0.49%) Artifactory
15 14 (0.49%) git-flow
16 13 (0.46%) Cucumber
17 11 (0.39%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 650 (22.83%) Finance
2 281 (9.87%) Banking
3 266 (9.34%) Law
4 219 (7.69%) Retail
5 206 (7.24%) Military
6 174 (6.11%) Marketing
7 65 (2.28%) Games
8 50 (1.76%) Investment Banking
9 44 (1.55%) Advertising
9 44 (1.55%) Legal
9 44 (1.55%) Publishing
10 35 (1.23%) Telecoms
11 28 (0.98%) Electronics
12 26 (0.91%) Financial Institution
13 20 (0.70%) Manufacturing
14 18 (0.63%) Front Office
15 17 (0.60%) Retail Finance
16 13 (0.46%) Billing
17 11 (0.39%) Back Office
18 10 (0.35%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 639 (22.44%) Developer
2 505 (17.74%) Data Scientist
3 297 (10.43%) Data Engineer
4 221 (7.76%) Architect
5 178 (6.25%) Python Developer
6 172 (6.04%) Python Engineer
7 170 (5.97%) Analyst
8 147 (5.16%) Senior Developer
9 144 (5.06%) Senior Data Scientist
10 139 (4.88%) Consultant
11 137 (4.81%) Big Data Engineer
12 135 (4.74%) Machine Learning Engineer
13 130 (4.57%) Software Engineer
14 129 (4.53%) Data Architect
15 123 (4.32%) Java Developer
16 94 (3.30%) DevOps Engineer
17 78 (2.74%) AWS Engineer
18 77 (2.70%) Hadoop Engineer
18 77 (2.70%) Machine Learning Developer
19 74 (2.60%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 382 (13.42%) Natural Language Processing
2 308 (10.82%) Kafka
3 271 (9.52%) TensorFlow
4 223 (7.83%) React
5 187 (6.57%) HTML
6 176 (6.18%) scikit-learn
7 163 (5.73%) Node.js
8 161 (5.66%) AngularJS
9 155 (5.44%) Web Services
10 151 (5.30%) Pandas
11 149 (5.23%) .NET
12 134 (4.71%) CSS
13 133 (4.67%) REST
14 124 (4.36%) NumPy
15 105 (3.69%) JSON
16 99 (3.48%) Django
17 93 (3.27%) Spring
18 89 (3.13%) RESTful
19 76 (2.67%) Keras
20 73 (2.56%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 497 (17.46%) Algorithms
2 363 (12.75%) Analytical Skills
3 226 (7.94%) Fintech
4 182 (6.39%) Data Structures
5 120 (4.21%) User Experience
6 91 (3.20%) Greenfield Project
7 83 (2.92%) Robotics
8 71 (2.49%) Virtual Team
9 69 (2.42%) Mobile App
10 63 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
11 46 (1.62%) Hedge funds
12 37 (1.30%) Social Media
13 34 (1.19%) Cloud Native
14 31 (1.09%) Blog
15 26 (0.91%) Data Centre
15 26 (0.91%) Management Information System
15 26 (0.91%) Mobile Banking
16 23 (0.81%) Device Driver
17 22 (0.77%) Renewable Energy
18 19 (0.67%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 334 (11.73%) Linux
2 113 (3.97%) Unix
3 85 (2.99%) Android
4 54 (1.90%) Apple iOS
5 52 (1.83%) Windows
6 25 (0.88%) Ubuntu
7 17 (0.60%) CentOS
8 11 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
9 5 (0.18%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.14%) CoreOS
10 4 (0.14%) Debian
10 4 (0.14%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.070%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.070%) Robot Operating System
12 1 (0.035%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,256 (44.12%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,119 (39.30%) Data Science
3 945 (33.19%) Analytics
4 844 (29.65%) Agile Software Development
5 592 (20.79%) Software Engineering
6 502 (17.63%) DevOps
7 431 (15.14%) Computer Science
8 396 (13.91%) Mathematics
9 351 (12.33%) Visualisation
10 319 (11.20%) Deep Learning
11 295 (10.36%) Statistics
12 269 (9.45%) Microservices
13 266 (9.34%) Business Intelligence
14 265 (9.31%) Problem-Solving
15 254 (8.92%) Data Modelling
16 239 (8.39%) Data Analytics
17 228 (8.01%) ETL
18 211 (7.41%) Data Engineering
19 209 (7.34%) E-Commerce
20 203 (7.13%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 1,663 (58.41%) Python
2 861 (30.24%) SQL
3 831 (29.19%) Java
4 449 (15.77%) R
5 441 (15.49%) JavaScript
6 406 (14.26%) Scala
7 366 (12.86%) C++
8 246 (8.64%) C#
9 186 (6.53%) C
10 123 (4.32%) Go
11 97 (3.41%) MATLAB
12 78 (2.74%) PHP
13 70 (2.46%) ES6
14 65 (2.28%) Bash Shell
15 59 (2.07%) TypeScript
16 55 (1.93%) Ruby
17 53 (1.86%) Groovy
18 44 (1.55%) VBA
19 41 (1.44%) Apple Swift
19 41 (1.44%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 480 (16.86%) Degree
2 284 (9.98%) PhD
3 93 (3.27%) Computer Science Degree
4 47 (1.65%) Master's Degree
5 33 (1.16%) Numerate Degree
6 25 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
7 20 (0.70%) AWS Certification
8 12 (0.42%) MPhil
9 11 (0.39%) MBA
10 10 (0.35%) Security Cleared
11 9 (0.32%) Postgraduate
11 9 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
12 4 (0.14%) MCAD
12 4 (0.14%) MCDBA
12 4 (0.14%) MCSD
13 3 (0.11%) MCSA
14 2 (0.070%) CEH
14 2 (0.070%) PMI Certification
14 2 (0.070%) SC Cleared
15 1 (0.035%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (3.34%) QA
2 91 (3.20%) Data Quality
3 36 (1.26%) GDPR
4 9 (0.32%) Actionable Recommendations
5 6 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.18%) IFRS
6 5 (0.18%) MiFID
6 5 (0.18%) Solvency II
7 3 (0.11%) PMO
8 2 (0.070%) EMIR
8 2 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.035%) Basel III
9 1 (0.035%) COBIT
9 1 (0.035%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.035%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.035%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 403 (14.16%) Docker
2 82 (2.88%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 40 (1.40%) HDFS
4 28 (0.98%) Apache Flume
5 23 (0.81%) Active Directory
6 9 (0.32%) etcd
7 7 (0.25%) VirtualBox
8 6 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
9 5 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
9 5 (0.18%) XenApp
10 4 (0.14%) Firmware
11 3 (0.11%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.070%) VMware Infrastructure
13 1 (0.035%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 270 (9.48%) Kubernetes
2 112 (3.93%) Oozie
3 98 (3.44%) Terraform
4 77 (2.70%) Opscode Chef
5 66 (2.32%) Ansible
6 54 (1.90%) Puppet
7 33 (1.16%) Nagios
8 26 (0.91%) Ambari
9 18 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
9 18 (0.63%) Mesos
10 14 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
11 13 (0.46%) Packer
12 12 (0.42%) Consul
13 8 (0.28%) Graphite
14 7 (0.25%) Kibana
14 7 (0.25%) Salt
15 6 (0.21%) logstash
16 5 (0.18%) CFEngine
16 5 (0.18%) Prometheus
16 5 (0.18%) StatsD
Vendors
1 214 (7.52%) Google
2 196 (6.88%) Tableau
3 164 (5.76%) Microsoft
4 155 (5.44%) Cloudera
5 83 (2.92%) Oracle
6 66 (2.32%) IBM
7 55 (1.93%) Blue Prism
8 36 (1.26%) Databricks
9 34 (1.19%) Hortonworks
10 32 (1.12%) Automation Anywhere
10 32 (1.12%) UiPath
11 30 (1.05%) Cognizant
12 29 (1.02%) Talend
13 28 (0.98%) Splunk
14 26 (0.91%) SAP
15 25 (0.88%) Informatica
16 20 (0.70%) Alteryx
16 20 (0.70%) WorldPay
17 16 (0.56%) Adobe
17 16 (0.56%) Dataiku