Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 74 121 218
Rank change year-on-year +47 +97 +113
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,650 2,051 1,195
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 4.02% 2.79% 1.61%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.36% 2.99% 1.75%
Number of salaries quoted 2,234 1,757 1,080
London median annual salary £72,500 £65,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.54% -3.70% +3.85%
10th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £41,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £102,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% - -4.00%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,731 68,614 68,375
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 92.03% 93.31% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 49,021 53,501 58,583
London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £33,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £90,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +18 464 £75,000 +15.38% 120
West London +43 87 £57,500 -8.00% 60
East London +17 28 £95,000 +38.18% 28
South London -1 25 £65,000 +36.84% 8
North London +6 5 £75,000 +42.86%
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,600 (60.38%) Python
2 1,146 (43.25%) Artificial Intelligence
3 992 (37.43%) Data Science
4 834 (31.47%) Analytics
5 773 (29.17%) SQL
6 752 (28.38%) Java
7 737 (27.81%) Big Data
8 676 (25.51%) Finance
9 654 (24.68%) Agile Software Development
10 588 (22.19%) Amazon AWS
11 525 (19.81%) Computer Science
12 523 (19.74%) Software Engineering
13 521 (19.66%) Apache Spark
14 507 (19.13%) Algorithms
15 499 (18.83%) JavaScript
16 498 (18.79%) Degree
17 487 (18.38%) R
18 474 (17.89%) Mathematics
19 471 (17.77%) Hadoop
20 464 (17.51%) Deep Learning
21 435 (16.42%) Natural Language Processing
22 431 (16.26%) Statistics
23 417 (15.74%) C++
24 411 (15.51%) Microsoft Azure
25 394 (14.87%) DevOps
26 378 (14.26%) PhD
27 372 (14.04%) NoSQL
28 332 (12.53%) Docker
29 316 (11.92%) Analytical Skills
29 316 (11.92%) Linux

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 521 (19.66%) Apache Spark
2 133 (5.02%) Apache
3 107 (4.04%) Elasticsearch
4 99 (3.74%) SAS
5 67 (2.53%) Apache Pig
6 31 (1.17%) Apache Solr
7 23 (0.87%) Hyperledger
8 19 (0.72%) Tomcat
9 17 (0.64%) CMS
9 17 (0.64%) Confluence
10 16 (0.60%) Ethereum
11 15 (0.57%) Jupyter
12 11 (0.42%) Apache Airflow
12 11 (0.42%) GlassFish
13 10 (0.38%) MS Exchange
14 8 (0.30%) SharePoint
15 7 (0.26%) IIS
16 6 (0.23%) DNN
16 6 (0.23%) Kinematics
17 5 (0.19%) Luigi
Applications
1 55 (2.08%) Chatbot
2 28 (1.06%) SPSS
3 25 (0.94%) Microsoft Excel
4 23 (0.87%) Adobe Illustrator
4 23 (0.87%) Photoshop
5 20 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
6 12 (0.45%) Snapchat
7 10 (0.38%) GNU Octave
8 8 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 7 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.23%) Stata
11 1 (0.038%) CPLEX
11 1 (0.038%) MS Visio
11 1 (0.038%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 21 (0.79%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.038%) BigMachines
2 1 (0.038%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.038%) FastStats
2 1 (0.038%) Ripple
2 1 (0.038%) SAP IBP
2 1 (0.038%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.038%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 588 (22.19%) Amazon AWS
2 411 (15.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 248 (9.36%) Google Cloud Platform
4 91 (3.43%) Cloud Computing
5 70 (2.64%) Serverless
6 68 (2.57%) GitHub
6 68 (2.57%) PaaS
7 58 (2.19%) SaaS
8 47 (1.77%) AWS Lambda
9 42 (1.58%) Amazon S3
10 40 (1.51%) Azure Machine Learning
11 39 (1.47%) Amazon EC2
12 38 (1.43%) Azure Data Factory
13 30 (1.13%) Amazon SQS
14 29 (1.09%) Data Lake Analytics
15 24 (0.91%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
16 21 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
17 20 (0.75%) Amazon SageMaker
18 19 (0.72%) Amazon EMR
18 19 (0.72%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 48 (1.81%) HTTP
2 38 (1.43%) Internet
3 11 (0.42%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
4 10 (0.38%) Bluetooth
4 10 (0.38%) NFC
4 10 (0.38%) SAN
4 10 (0.38%) VPN
5 9 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
6 8 (0.30%) Broadband
6 8 (0.30%) Firewall
6 8 (0.30%) Sourcefire
7 5 (0.19%) Network Security
8 4 (0.15%) DNS
8 4 (0.15%) DSL
8 4 (0.15%) Wireshark
9 3 (0.11%) Skype
9 3 (0.11%) SSL
10 2 (0.075%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.075%) MQTT
10 2 (0.075%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 737 (27.81%) Big Data
2 471 (17.77%) Hadoop
3 372 (14.04%) NoSQL
4 222 (8.38%) Data Warehouse
5 203 (7.66%) Apache Hive
6 181 (6.83%) Apache Cassandra
7 163 (6.15%) MongoDB
8 149 (5.62%) Relational Database
9 140 (5.28%) PostgreSQL
10 136 (5.13%) Data Mining
11 130 (4.91%) HBase
12 122 (4.60%) Blockchain
13 105 (3.96%) Power BI
14 100 (3.77%) Data Lake
15 97 (3.66%) SQL Server
16 92 (3.47%) MySQL
17 88 (3.32%) QlikView
18 77 (2.91%) Amazon Redshift
19 56 (2.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 55 (2.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 211 (7.96%) Git (software)
2 106 (4.00%) Jenkins
3 45 (1.70%) Maven
4 43 (1.62%) JUnit
5 38 (1.43%) JIRA
6 36 (1.36%) Gradle
7 35 (1.32%) Visual Studio
8 22 (0.83%) Selenium
9 21 (0.79%) git-flow
9 21 (0.79%) webpack
10 20 (0.75%) Balsamiq Mockups
11 18 (0.68%) Bitbucket
12 17 (0.64%) CircleCI
12 17 (0.64%) GitLab
13 16 (0.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 16 (0.60%) Visual Studio Team System
14 14 (0.53%) Ant
15 13 (0.49%) Cucumber
15 13 (0.49%) Subversion
15 13 (0.49%) TeamCity
General
1 676 (25.51%) Finance
2 276 (10.42%) Banking
3 186 (7.02%) Retail
4 183 (6.91%) Marketing
5 136 (5.13%) Law
6 117 (4.42%) Games
7 74 (2.79%) Publishing
8 73 (2.75%) Military
9 69 (2.60%) Investment Banking
10 64 (2.42%) Advertising
11 43 (1.62%) Financial Institution
12 35 (1.32%) Electronics
12 35 (1.32%) Telecoms
13 25 (0.94%) Manufacturing
14 24 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
15 23 (0.87%) Front Office
16 20 (0.75%) Retail Banking
17 13 (0.49%) Legal
17 13 (0.49%) Retail Finance
18 12 (0.45%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 640 (24.15%) Developer
2 494 (18.64%) Data Scientist
3 204 (7.70%) Data Engineer
4 187 (7.06%) Senior Data Scientist
5 185 (6.98%) Python Developer
6 157 (5.92%) Software Engineer
7 147 (5.55%) Consultant
8 140 (5.28%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 129 (4.87%) Architect
9 129 (4.87%) Python Engineer
10 116 (4.38%) Senior Developer
11 114 (4.30%) Analyst
12 105 (3.96%) Machine Learning Researcher
13 103 (3.89%) Machine Learning Scientist
14 98 (3.70%) Java Developer
15 90 (3.40%) DevOps Engineer
16 87 (3.28%) Big Data Engineer
17 85 (3.21%) Full Stack Developer
18 82 (3.09%) Machine Learning Developer
19 58 (2.19%) Data Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 435 (16.42%) Natural Language Processing
2 268 (10.11%) TensorFlow
3 232 (8.75%) React
4 215 (8.11%) Node.js
5 200 (7.55%) Kafka
6 188 (7.09%) HTML
7 176 (6.64%) CSS
8 175 (6.60%) AngularJS
9 139 (5.25%) REST
10 138 (5.21%) RESTful
11 132 (4.98%) .NET
12 125 (4.72%) Web Services
13 119 (4.49%) scikit-learn
14 116 (4.38%) NumPy
15 112 (4.23%) Pandas
16 110 (4.15%) Django
17 86 (3.25%) SciPy
17 86 (3.25%) Spring
18 78 (2.94%) HTML5
19 72 (2.72%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 507 (19.13%) Algorithms
2 316 (11.92%) Analytical Skills
3 240 (9.06%) Fintech
4 143 (5.40%) Data Structures
5 135 (5.09%) User Experience
6 117 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
7 73 (2.75%) Hedge funds
8 70 (2.64%) Robotics
9 67 (2.53%) Virtual Team
10 63 (2.38%) Self-Motivation
11 58 (2.19%) Mobile App
12 54 (2.04%) Social Media
13 46 (1.74%) Equities
14 42 (1.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 30 (1.13%) NHS
16 27 (1.02%) Management Information System
17 26 (0.98%) Life Science
18 25 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
19 21 (0.79%) Blog
20 20 (0.75%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 316 (11.92%) Linux
2 93 (3.51%) Unix
3 77 (2.91%) Windows
4 70 (2.64%) Android
5 50 (1.89%) Apple iOS
6 14 (0.53%) Ubuntu
7 11 (0.42%) Windows Server
8 10 (0.38%) Embedded Linux
9 7 (0.26%) Robot Operating System
10 5 (0.19%) Debian
11 4 (0.15%) CentOS
11 4 (0.15%) Fedora
12 2 (0.075%) CoreOS
12 2 (0.075%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.038%) AIX
13 1 (0.038%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.038%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.038%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,146 (43.25%) Artificial Intelligence
2 992 (37.43%) Data Science
3 834 (31.47%) Analytics
4 654 (24.68%) Agile Software Development
5 525 (19.81%) Computer Science
6 523 (19.74%) Software Engineering
7 474 (17.89%) Mathematics
8 464 (17.51%) Deep Learning
9 431 (16.26%) Statistics
10 394 (14.87%) DevOps
11 299 (11.28%) Visualisation
12 259 (9.77%) Business Intelligence
13 252 (9.51%) Neural Network
14 243 (9.17%) Data Analytics
15 234 (8.83%) Problem-Solving
16 231 (8.72%) Microservices
17 210 (7.92%) ETL
18 202 (7.62%) Physics
19 195 (7.36%) Data Modelling
20 189 (7.13%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 1,600 (60.38%) Python
2 773 (29.17%) SQL
3 752 (28.38%) Java
4 499 (18.83%) JavaScript
5 487 (18.38%) R
6 417 (15.74%) C++
7 314 (11.85%) Scala
8 301 (11.36%) C#
9 246 (9.28%) C
10 136 (5.13%) Go
11 106 (4.00%) MATLAB
12 85 (3.21%) Ruby
13 73 (2.75%) Bash Shell
14 66 (2.49%) ES6
15 49 (1.85%) Java 8
15 49 (1.85%) TypeScript
16 45 (1.70%) PHP
17 42 (1.58%) Shell Script
18 39 (1.47%) Haskell
19 34 (1.28%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 498 (18.79%) Degree
2 378 (14.26%) PhD
3 113 (4.26%) Computer Science Degree
4 71 (2.68%) Master's Degree
5 69 (2.60%) MPhil
6 50 (1.89%) Numerate Degree
7 23 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
8 19 (0.72%) Security Cleared
9 11 (0.42%) DV Cleared
10 10 (0.38%) CEH
10 10 (0.38%) GCIH
11 9 (0.34%) CISSP
11 9 (0.34%) Postgraduate
11 9 (0.34%) SC Cleared
11 9 (0.34%) TOGAF Certification
12 8 (0.30%) MBA
12 8 (0.30%) OSCP
13 7 (0.26%) AWS Certification
14 6 (0.23%) CRISC
15 5 (0.19%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 85 (3.21%) QA
2 64 (2.42%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.72%) GDPR
4 12 (0.45%) Actionable Recommendations
5 10 (0.38%) PMO
6 6 (0.23%) COBIT
6 6 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.15%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.15%) Solvency II
8 3 (0.11%) GPG13
8 3 (0.11%) SLA
9 2 (0.075%) COSO
System Software
1 332 (12.53%) Docker
2 81 (3.06%) HDFS
3 31 (1.17%) Apache Flume
4 28 (1.06%) Active Directory
5 22 (0.83%) VMware Infrastructure
6 19 (0.72%) VirtualBox
7 15 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.34%) Snort
9 8 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
10 7 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
10 7 (0.26%) Xen
11 6 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
12 3 (0.11%) GlusterFS
13 2 (0.075%) etcd
14 1 (0.038%) Ceph
14 1 (0.038%) KVM
14 1 (0.038%) LXC
14 1 (0.038%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 236 (8.91%) Kubernetes
2 88 (3.32%) Ansible
3 83 (3.13%) Terraform
4 63 (2.38%) Puppet
5 60 (2.26%) Opscode Chef
6 45 (1.70%) Oozie
7 31 (1.17%) Mesos
8 24 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
9 16 (0.60%) Nagios
10 15 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
11 11 (0.42%) Packer
11 11 (0.42%) Prometheus
12 10 (0.38%) Kibana
13 9 (0.34%) logstash
14 8 (0.30%) Suricata
15 7 (0.26%) Ambari
15 7 (0.26%) Graphite
15 7 (0.26%) Salt
15 7 (0.26%) vCenter Server
16 6 (0.23%) StatsD
Vendors
1 228 (8.60%) Google
2 195 (7.36%) Microsoft
3 166 (6.26%) Tableau
4 97 (3.66%) Oracle
5 87 (3.28%) Cloudera
6 54 (2.04%) Hortonworks
7 47 (1.77%) IBM
8 41 (1.55%) MapR
9 39 (1.47%) SAP
10 34 (1.28%) Adobe
11 33 (1.25%) Databricks
12 30 (1.13%) Apple
12 30 (1.13%) Facebook
12 30 (1.13%) Splunk
13 24 (0.91%) Blue Prism
14 23 (0.87%) VMware
15 19 (0.72%) WorldPay
16 17 (0.64%) Sybase
17 16 (0.60%) Informatica
18 15 (0.57%) Salesforce.com