Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 63 83 153
Rank change year-on-year +20 +70 +62
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,434 2,548 1,744
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 4.35% 3.70% 2.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.67% 3.99% 2.49%
Number of salaries quoted 1,910 2,082 1,490
London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
10th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £45,000
90th Percentile £111,250 £110,000 £103,750
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,072 63,784 70,043
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 92.99% 92.58% 93.68%
Number of salaries quoted 41,921 51,118 53,701
London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £97,550 £95,000 £90,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +16 516 £75,000 +7.14% 100
West London +14 71 £60,000 -4.00% 32
South London +16 30 £65,000 +20.93% 9
East London +6 9 £41,500 -56.32% 21
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,451 (59.61%) Python
2 1,083 (44.49%) Data Science
3 978 (40.18%) Artificial Intelligence
4 832 (34.18%) AWS
5 812 (33.36%) Analytics
6 768 (31.55%) SQL
7 750 (30.81%) Agile Software Development
8 742 (30.48%) Big Data
9 701 (28.80%) Java
10 589 (24.20%) Finance
11 484 (19.88%) Apache Spark
12 467 (19.19%) Azure
13 459 (18.86%) DevOps
14 454 (18.65%) R
15 446 (18.32%) Algorithms
16 410 (16.84%) Docker
17 401 (16.47%) Software Engineering
18 387 (15.90%) Hadoop
19 385 (15.82%) Analytical Skills
20 374 (15.37%) Degree
21 370 (15.20%) GCP
22 357 (14.67%) Computer Science
23 336 (13.80%) JavaScript
24 319 (13.11%) Mathematics
25 305 (12.53%) Kubernetes
26 300 (12.33%) Statistics
27 292 (12.00%) Scala
28 284 (11.67%) Deep Learning
29 279 (11.46%) Natural Language Processing
29 279 (11.46%) NoSQL

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 484 (19.88%) Apache Spark
2 149 (6.12%) Elasticsearch
3 92 (3.78%) Apache
4 76 (3.12%) Apache Pig
5 64 (2.63%) SAS
6 54 (2.22%) Jupyter
7 51 (2.10%) WebSphere
8 28 (1.15%) Apache Airflow
9 22 (0.90%) CMS
10 20 (0.82%) Apache Solr
10 20 (0.82%) Tornado
11 17 (0.70%) SharePoint
12 14 (0.58%) Ethereum
12 14 (0.58%) Hyperledger
13 12 (0.49%) Confluence
13 12 (0.49%) nginx
14 11 (0.45%) Luigi
15 10 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 9 (0.37%) IPython
17 6 (0.25%) Tomcat
Applications
1 39 (1.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 29 (1.19%) SPSS
3 28 (1.15%) Chatbot
4 12 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.25%) Stata
7 4 (0.16%) Sketch
8 3 (0.12%) InVision
9 2 (0.082%) LaTeX
9 2 (0.082%) Mathematica
10 1 (0.041%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.041%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Office
10 1 (0.041%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.041%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.041%) Weka
Business Applications
1 15 (0.62%) PolarLake
2 14 (0.58%) Eagle PACE
2 14 (0.58%) Markit EDM
3 7 (0.29%) MultiChain
3 7 (0.29%) Quorum
4 5 (0.21%) SAP FI-GL
5 3 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.082%) FINCAD Analytics
7 1 (0.041%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 1 (0.041%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.041%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.041%) SAP GTS
7 1 (0.041%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 832 (34.18%) AWS
2 467 (19.19%) Azure
3 370 (15.20%) GCP
4 98 (4.03%) Serverless
5 81 (3.33%) SaaS
6 80 (3.29%) Amazon S3
7 76 (3.12%) AWS Lambda
7 76 (3.12%) Power Platform
8 57 (2.34%) Azure Machine Learning
9 56 (2.30%) Amazon ECS
10 54 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
11 53 (2.18%) Amazon SQS
12 46 (1.89%) Amazon EC2
12 46 (1.89%) Azure Data Factory
13 41 (1.68%) AWS CloudFormation
14 39 (1.60%) Amazon EMR
15 38 (1.56%) PaaS
16 31 (1.27%) Amazon Kinesis
17 26 (1.07%) AWS Fargate
18 23 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 16 (0.66%) Internet
2 15 (0.62%) HTTP
3 8 (0.33%) Firewall
3 8 (0.33%) Network Security
4 7 (0.29%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
5 6 (0.25%) VPN
6 5 (0.21%) DNS
7 4 (0.16%) Asterisk PBX
7 4 (0.16%) SMS
7 4 (0.16%) Wireshark
8 3 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
8 3 (0.12%) Skype
8 3 (0.12%) Software-Defined Networking
8 3 (0.12%) SSL
9 2 (0.082%) 4G
9 2 (0.082%) Cisco ASA
9 2 (0.082%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.082%) tcpdump
9 2 (0.082%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.041%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 742 (30.48%) Big Data
2 387 (15.90%) Hadoop
3 279 (11.46%) NoSQL
4 154 (6.33%) MongoDB
5 153 (6.29%) Apache Hive
6 148 (6.08%) PostgreSQL
7 127 (5.22%) Data Warehouse
8 121 (4.97%) Data Mining
9 115 (4.72%) MySQL
10 111 (4.56%) Relational Database
11 100 (4.11%) SQL Server
12 82 (3.37%) Data Lake
13 81 (3.33%) HBase
14 80 (3.29%) Amazon Redshift
14 80 (3.29%) Redis
15 79 (3.25%) Blockchain
16 76 (3.12%) Power BI
17 58 (2.38%) Apache Cassandra
18 55 (2.26%) BigQuery
19 45 (1.85%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 205 (8.42%) Git (software)
2 130 (5.34%) Jenkins
3 54 (2.22%) JIRA
4 46 (1.89%) Selenium
5 24 (0.99%) webpack
6 23 (0.94%) TeamCity
7 21 (0.86%) Cucumber
7 21 (0.86%) Maven
8 19 (0.78%) Jasmine
9 18 (0.74%) GitLab
10 15 (0.62%) Visual Studio
11 14 (0.58%) Subversion
12 13 (0.53%) Bitbucket
12 13 (0.53%) Gradle
12 13 (0.53%) Octopus Deploy
13 11 (0.45%) Artifactory
13 11 (0.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 11 (0.45%) Grunt
13 11 (0.45%) Hudson
13 11 (0.45%) Mocha
General
1 589 (24.20%) Finance
2 232 (9.53%) Banking
3 211 (8.67%) Marketing
4 163 (6.70%) Retail
5 144 (5.92%) Law
6 109 (4.48%) Front Office
7 69 (2.83%) Games
8 42 (1.73%) Advertising
9 40 (1.64%) Public Sector
10 37 (1.52%) Telecoms
11 34 (1.40%) Legal
12 30 (1.23%) Financial Institution
13 27 (1.11%) Billing
14 26 (1.07%) Publishing
15 23 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
16 22 (0.90%) Manufacturing
17 18 (0.74%) Electronics
18 14 (0.58%) Automotive
19 13 (0.53%) Investment Banking
20 10 (0.41%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 578 (23.75%) Developer
2 507 (20.83%) Data Scientist
3 243 (9.98%) Data Engineer
4 212 (8.71%) Senior Data Scientist
5 187 (7.68%) Architect
6 174 (7.15%) Python Developer
7 172 (7.07%) Python Engineer
8 157 (6.45%) Java Developer
9 134 (5.51%) DevOps Engineer
10 132 (5.42%) Machine Learning Engineer
10 132 (5.42%) Software Engineer
11 126 (5.18%) Consultant
12 107 (4.40%) AWS Engineer
13 99 (4.07%) Senior Developer
14 97 (3.99%) Analyst
15 89 (3.66%) Big Data Engineer
16 87 (3.57%) Machine Learning Developer
17 70 (2.88%) Senior Data Engineer
18 67 (2.75%) AWS DevOps
19 66 (2.71%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 279 (11.46%) Natural Language Processing
2 274 (11.26%) Web Services
3 225 (9.24%) TensorFlow
4 204 (8.38%) scikit-learn
5 202 (8.30%) Kafka
6 199 (8.18%) React
7 191 (7.85%) Pandas
8 163 (6.70%) Node.js
9 143 (5.88%) NumPy
10 124 (5.09%) .NET
10 124 (5.09%) HTML
11 120 (4.93%) REST
12 110 (4.52%) CSS
13 107 (4.40%) Keras
14 102 (4.19%) AngularJS
15 98 (4.03%) RESTful
16 92 (3.78%) Flask
17 86 (3.53%) Spring
18 71 (2.92%) Django
19 63 (2.59%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 446 (18.32%) Algorithms
2 385 (15.82%) Analytical Skills
3 120 (4.93%) User Experience
4 109 (4.48%) Greenfield Project
5 92 (3.78%) Robotics
6 86 (3.53%) Data Structures
7 68 (2.79%) Social Network
8 59 (2.42%) Social Media
9 50 (2.05%) Virtual Team
10 42 (1.73%) Management Information System
11 40 (1.64%) Equities
12 36 (1.48%) Mobile App
13 29 (1.19%) Cloud Native
13 29 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
14 28 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
15 26 (1.07%) Credit Risk
16 25 (1.03%) Hedge funds
17 24 (0.99%) Digital Media
18 23 (0.94%) Video\Live Streaming
19 20 (0.82%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 241 (9.90%) Linux
2 92 (3.78%) Unix
3 44 (1.81%) Android
4 37 (1.52%) Windows
5 31 (1.27%) Apple iOS
6 18 (0.74%) Ubuntu
7 16 (0.66%) CentOS
8 2 (0.082%) CoreOS
9 1 (0.041%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.041%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.041%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.041%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.041%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,083 (44.49%) Data Science
2 978 (40.18%) Artificial Intelligence
3 812 (33.36%) Analytics
4 750 (30.81%) Agile Software Development
5 459 (18.86%) DevOps
6 401 (16.47%) Software Engineering
7 357 (14.67%) Computer Science
8 319 (13.11%) Mathematics
9 300 (12.33%) Statistics
10 284 (11.67%) Deep Learning
11 273 (11.22%) Microservices
12 248 (10.19%) Business Intelligence
13 244 (10.02%) Visualisation
14 212 (8.71%) Data Analytics
15 210 (8.63%) Problem-Solving
16 191 (7.85%) Data Modelling
17 185 (7.60%) Asset Management
18 176 (7.23%) ETL
19 172 (7.07%) TDD
20 162 (6.66%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,451 (59.61%) Python
2 768 (31.55%) SQL
3 701 (28.80%) Java
4 454 (18.65%) R
5 336 (13.80%) JavaScript
6 292 (12.00%) Scala
7 196 (8.05%) C#
8 171 (7.03%) C++
9 95 (3.90%) TypeScript
10 85 (3.49%) C
11 82 (3.37%) Bash Shell
12 77 (3.16%) Go
13 72 (2.96%) PHP
14 65 (2.67%) Java 8
15 40 (1.64%) MATLAB
16 38 (1.56%) Clojure
17 37 (1.52%) ES6
18 36 (1.48%) VBA
19 34 (1.40%) VB
20 31 (1.27%) Perl
Qualifications
1 374 (15.37%) Degree
2 240 (9.86%) PhD
3 77 (3.16%) Master's Degree
4 59 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 37 (1.52%) Numerate Degree
6 27 (1.11%) Security Cleared
7 16 (0.66%) AWS Certification
8 15 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
9 14 (0.58%) SC Cleared
10 13 (0.53%) DV Cleared
11 5 (0.21%) CGEIT
11 5 (0.21%) MBA
12 4 (0.16%) MCSA
12 4 (0.16%) Postgraduate
13 3 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
14 2 (0.082%) ISEB
15 1 (0.041%) CCNP
15 1 (0.041%) Cisco Certification
15 1 (0.041%) DBS Check
15 1 (0.041%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 102 (4.19%) QA
2 62 (2.55%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.53%) Actionable Recommendations
4 10 (0.41%) GDPR
4 10 (0.41%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.16%) NIST
5 4 (0.16%) PMO
6 1 (0.041%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.041%) IEC 62304
6 1 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 410 (16.84%) Docker
2 46 (1.89%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 33 (1.36%) HDFS
4 11 (0.45%) Apache Flume
5 7 (0.29%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.21%) Cronacle
6 5 (0.21%) VirtualBox
7 4 (0.16%) Firmware
8 3 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
9 2 (0.082%) etcd
9 2 (0.082%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.041%) XenApp
10 1 (0.041%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 305 (12.53%) Kubernetes
2 177 (7.27%) Terraform
3 93 (3.82%) Ansible
4 60 (2.47%) Oozie
5 48 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
6 46 (1.89%) Puppet
7 31 (1.27%) Istio
8 21 (0.86%) Consul
9 17 (0.70%) Hadoop YARN
10 16 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
11 13 (0.53%) Packer
12 10 (0.41%) Ambari
13 9 (0.37%) Nagios
13 9 (0.37%) Salt
14 5 (0.21%) Control-M
14 5 (0.21%) Kubeflow
14 5 (0.21%) linkerd
15 3 (0.12%) Kibana
15 3 (0.12%) Mesos
15 3 (0.12%) Rancher
Vendors
1 236 (9.70%) Google
2 156 (6.41%) Microsoft
3 120 (4.93%) Tableau
4 88 (3.62%) Cloudera
5 61 (2.51%) Informatica
6 54 (2.22%) Oracle
7 50 (2.05%) Databricks
8 48 (1.97%) WorldPay
9 37 (1.52%) Blue Prism
10 34 (1.40%) Splunk
11 26 (1.07%) UiPath
12 23 (0.94%) Adobe
13 22 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
14 21 (0.86%) Automation Anywhere
14 21 (0.86%) Hortonworks
15 19 (0.78%) Alteryx
15 19 (0.78%) Bloomberg
15 19 (0.78%) IBM
16 18 (0.74%) Intel
17 17 (0.70%) Facebook