The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 3 months to 27 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK / England
3 months to
27 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 212 215 291
Rank change year-on-year +3 +76  
Contract jobs citing JUnit 526 597 391
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.22% 1.20% 0.78%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.87% 7.67% 5.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 338 445 253
Median daily rate £465 £450 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +9.09%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £338 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £385
% change year-on-year +1.17% +10.38%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 4 2
Median hourly rate £41.50 £39.50 £37.73
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.06% +4.70%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £35.00 £30.75 £37.51
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £62.50 £44.05 £37.95
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £39.50 £38.00
% change year-on-year +5.06% +3.94%  

JUnit is in the development application skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

Contract Development Application Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7654 7779 6772
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 17.70% 15.69% 13.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 5234 5421 4527
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £315 £293
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £363
% change year-on-year +3.12% +10.34%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 139 125 102
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.35 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.35% +13.08%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £32.50 £26.00 £22.18
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £61.69 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.25 £42.00 £37.04
% change year-on-year +2.97% +13.39%  

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing JUnit as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Development Applications category.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 3 months to 27 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 3 months to 27 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 3 months to 27 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 246 £500 +5.26% 75
South East -50 92 £500 +11.11% 26
Yorkshire +36 47 £423 -0.58% 10
East of England +22 37 £425 -6.59% 7
North West +16 35 £425 +1.49% 23
West Midlands +24 25 £494 +9.80% 7
South West +8 21 £413 +13.79% 22
North East +85 15 £320 -8.57% 3
East Midlands -22 6 £394 +16.66% 6
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 27 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 904 (88.63%) Java
2 695 (68.14%) Agile Software Development
3 603 (59.12%) Spring
4 545 (53.43%) Jenkins
5 522 (51.18%) TDD
6 451 (44.22%) Git (software)
7 407 (39.90%) Continuous Integration
8 367 (35.98%) Test Automation
9 345 (33.82%) REST
10 339 (33.24%) Scrum
11 338 (33.14%) Maven
12 331 (32.45%) SQL
13 320 (31.37%) Mockito
14 319 (31.27%) HTML
15 314 (30.78%) JavaScript
16 274 (26.86%) Linux
17 271 (26.57%) Hibernate
17 271 (26.57%) JIRA
18 261 (25.59%) JSON
19 258 (25.29%) Cucumber
20 249 (24.41%) CSS
21 236 (23.14%) Web Services
22 230 (22.55%) Selenium
23 228 (22.35%) BDD
24 226 (22.16%) XML
25 223 (21.86%) RESTful
26 218 (21.37%) SOAP
27 215 (21.08%) Open Source
28 214 (20.98%) MVC
29 200 (19.61%) Unit Testing

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 162 (15.88%) Confluence
2 140 (13.73%) Tomcat
3 136 (13.33%) JBoss
4 108 (10.59%) Apache
5 80 (7.84%) WebSphere
6 53 (5.20%) WebLogic
7 44 (4.31%) WebSphere Application Server
8 39 (3.82%) Elasticsearch
9 37 (3.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 27 (2.65%) WebSphere Process Server
11 22 (2.16%) Apache Spark
12 14 (1.37%) nginx
13 12 (1.18%) Oracle Workflow
14 11 (1.08%) Apache Solr
15 9 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 9 (0.88%) Cloud Foundry
16 8 (0.78%) Mule
17 7 (0.69%) CMS
17 7 (0.69%) Jetty
18 6 (0.59%) GlassFish
Applications
1 7 (0.69%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.098%) HipChat
2 1 (0.098%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 27 (2.65%) ION MarketView
2 25 (2.45%) Payment Gateway
3 11 (1.08%) RMDS
4 5 (0.49%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.098%) Actimize
6 1 (0.098%) BondVision
6 1 (0.098%) Loan IQ
Cloud Services
1 82 (8.04%) GitHub
2 72 (7.06%) Amazon AWS
3 30 (2.94%) OpenShift
4 23 (2.25%) Amazon EC2
5 19 (1.86%) Amazon S3
6 17 (1.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 15 (1.47%) Microsoft Azure
8 13 (1.27%) PaaS
8 13 (1.27%) Slack
9 11 (1.08%) Amazon SQS
10 10 (0.98%) Amazon ELB
10 10 (0.98%) AWS Lambda
10 10 (0.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 8 (0.78%) Basecamp
11 8 (0.78%) Google Analytics
12 6 (0.59%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 6 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (0.59%) CloudFront
12 6 (0.59%) IBM Cloud
13 4 (0.39%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 129 (12.65%) HTTP
2 22 (2.16%) LDAP
3 21 (2.06%) Internet
4 16 (1.57%) SSL
4 16 (1.57%) TCP/IP
5 13 (1.27%) OpenLDAP
6 11 (1.08%) DNS
6 11 (1.08%) OpenVPN
6 11 (1.08%) SSH
7 6 (0.59%) X.509
8 4 (0.39%) Intranet
8 4 (0.39%) SMS
9 3 (0.29%) AMQP
9 3 (0.29%) Wireshark
10 2 (0.20%) ADSL
10 2 (0.20%) Bluetooth
10 2 (0.20%) NAS
10 2 (0.20%) UPnP
10 2 (0.20%) VDSL
10 2 (0.20%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 191 (18.73%) Relational Database
2 126 (12.35%) MongoDB
3 110 (10.78%) MySQL
4 98 (9.61%) NoSQL
5 85 (8.33%) PostgreSQL
6 47 (4.61%) SQL Server
7 43 (4.22%) Big Data
8 41 (4.02%) RDBMS
9 39 (3.82%) Apache Cassandra
9 39 (3.82%) Hadoop
10 35 (3.43%) DB2
11 24 (2.35%) Apache Hive
11 24 (2.35%) Data Warehouse
11 24 (2.35%) Oracle Database
12 19 (1.86%) Endeca
13 18 (1.76%) MarkLogic
14 16 (1.57%) MariaDB
15 15 (1.47%) Redis
16 14 (1.37%) Oracle Database 11g
17 11 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 545 (53.43%) Jenkins
2 451 (44.22%) Git (software)
3 338 (33.14%) Maven
4 320 (31.37%) Mockito
5 271 (26.57%) JIRA
6 258 (25.29%) Cucumber
7 230 (22.55%) Selenium
8 182 (17.84%) Subversion
9 140 (13.73%) Gradle
10 135 (13.24%) Eclipse
11 105 (10.29%) IntelliJ
12 79 (7.75%) Ant
13 71 (6.96%) WebDriver
14 62 (6.08%) TestNG
15 53 (5.20%) TeamCity
16 50 (4.90%) jMock
17 49 (4.80%) SonarQube
18 47 (4.61%) JBehave
19 43 (4.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 37 (3.63%) Spock
General
1 168 (16.47%) Finance
2 149 (14.61%) Banking
3 42 (4.12%) Front Office
4 30 (2.94%) Investment Banking
5 29 (2.84%) Retail
6 24 (2.35%) Games
7 17 (1.67%) Publishing
8 16 (1.57%) Manufacturing
9 13 (1.27%) Advertising
10 12 (1.18%) Automotive
10 12 (1.18%) Telecoms
11 9 (0.88%) Marketing
12 6 (0.59%) Retail Banking
13 5 (0.49%) Aerospace
13 5 (0.49%) Back Office
13 5 (0.49%) Legal
14 4 (0.39%) Electronics
14 4 (0.39%) Financial Institution
15 1 (0.098%) Law
15 1 (0.098%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 764 (74.90%) Developer
2 540 (52.94%) Java Developer
3 111 (10.88%) Senior Developer
4 82 (8.04%) Scala Developer
5 67 (6.57%) Senior Java Developer
6 39 (3.82%) Android Developer
7 36 (3.53%) DevOps Engineer
7 36 (3.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 36 (3.53%) Software Engineer
7 36 (3.53%) Tester
8 35 (3.43%) Agile Developer
9 34 (3.33%) Java Scala Developer
10 33 (3.24%) Java Engineer
10 33 (3.24%) Test Engineer
11 32 (3.14%) Agile Java Developer
11 32 (3.14%) Automation Tester
12 29 (2.84%) Software Developer
13 27 (2.65%) C# Developer
13 27 (2.65%) WinForms Developer
14 25 (2.45%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 603 (59.12%) Spring
2 345 (33.82%) REST
3 319 (31.27%) HTML
4 271 (26.57%) Hibernate
5 261 (25.59%) JSON
6 249 (24.41%) CSS
7 236 (23.14%) Web Services
8 226 (22.16%) XML
9 223 (21.86%) RESTful
10 218 (21.37%) SOAP
11 185 (18.14%) J2EE
12 173 (16.96%) HTML5
13 152 (14.90%) Spring MVC
14 122 (11.96%) Ajax
14 122 (11.96%) AngularJS
15 107 (10.49%) CSS3
15 107 (10.49%) jQuery
16 104 (10.20%) Play Framework
17 103 (10.10%) Java EE
18 102 (10.00%) Guice
Miscellaneous
1 71 (6.96%) Analytical Skills
2 68 (6.67%) Mobile App
3 49 (4.80%) Enterprise Software
4 38 (3.73%) User Experience
5 33 (3.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 31 (3.04%) Computer Science
6 31 (3.04%) Greenfield Project
7 27 (2.65%) Fixed Income
8 24 (2.35%) Animation
9 21 (2.06%) Data Structures
10 20 (1.96%) iPad
11 19 (1.86%) Linux Command Line
11 19 (1.86%) Social Media
12 16 (1.57%) Algorithms
13 15 (1.47%) Cloud Native
14 14 (1.37%) Smartphone
15 12 (1.18%) Equities
16 10 (0.98%) Equity Derivative
17 9 (0.88%) Derivative
17 9 (0.88%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 274 (26.86%) Linux
2 163 (15.98%) Unix
3 48 (4.71%) Android
4 45 (4.41%) Windows
5 26 (2.55%) Apple iOS
6 23 (2.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (1.86%) CentOS
7 19 (1.86%) Mac OS X
8 14 (1.37%) Solaris
9 8 (0.78%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.20%) HPUX
10 2 (0.20%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.098%) AIX
11 1 (0.098%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 695 (68.14%) Agile Software Development
2 522 (51.18%) TDD
3 407 (39.90%) Continuous Integration
4 367 (35.98%) Test Automation
5 339 (33.24%) Scrum
6 228 (22.35%) BDD
7 215 (21.08%) Open Source
8 214 (20.98%) MVC
9 200 (19.61%) Unit Testing
10 194 (19.02%) DevOps
11 183 (17.94%) Microservices
12 169 (16.57%) OO
13 109 (10.69%) Software Engineering
14 108 (10.59%) Pair Programming
15 101 (9.90%) Configuration Management
16 100 (9.80%) SOA
17 91 (8.92%) Web Development
18 90 (8.82%) SDLC
19 89 (8.73%) Responsive Web Design
20 87 (8.53%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 904 (88.63%) Java
2 331 (32.45%) SQL
3 314 (30.78%) JavaScript
4 175 (17.16%) Scala
5 150 (14.71%) C#
6 144 (14.12%) Python
7 135 (13.24%) Ruby
8 55 (5.39%) Shell Script
9 51 (5.00%) Bash Shell
10 48 (4.71%) Groovy
11 47 (4.61%) PL/SQL
12 32 (3.14%) Perl
13 16 (1.57%) Objective-C
14 15 (1.47%) Apple Swift
15 14 (1.37%) C
16 13 (1.27%) C++
16 13 (1.27%) Korn
16 13 (1.27%) PHP
17 11 (1.08%) ES6
18 10 (0.98%) XPath
Qualifications
1 45 (4.41%) Degree
2 40 (3.92%) Security Cleared
3 20 (1.96%) SC Cleared
4 16 (1.57%) DV Cleared
5 12 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.69%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
7 3 (0.29%) Sun Certification
8 2 (0.20%) ISEB
8 2 (0.20%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.098%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.098%) Brainbench
9 1 (0.098%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.098%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (7.65%) QA
2 25 (2.45%) MiFID
3 17 (1.67%) EMIR
3 17 (1.67%) WCAG
4 15 (1.47%) Dodd-Frank
5 8 (0.78%) FATCA
6 3 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.20%) GxP
8 1 (0.098%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 142 (13.92%) Docker
2 17 (1.67%) Virtual Machines
3 11 (1.08%) Postfix
3 11 (1.08%) Squid
3 11 (1.08%) vCloud
4 8 (0.78%) Varnish
5 7 (0.69%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.39%) HDFS
7 3 (0.29%) Active Directory
7 3 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.29%) vSphere
8 2 (0.20%) Firmware
9 1 (0.098%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 73 (7.16%) Ansible
2 69 (6.76%) Puppet
3 47 (4.61%) Kubernetes
4 35 (3.43%) Kibana
5 28 (2.75%) Grafana
6 23 (2.25%) Opscode Chef
7 21 (2.06%) Oozie
7 21 (2.06%) Terraform
8 20 (1.96%) Prometheus
9 18 (1.76%) logstash
10 13 (1.27%) ZABBIX
11 11 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
11 11 (1.08%) Rancher
11 11 (1.08%) Rsyslog
11 11 (1.08%) Sysdig
12 8 (0.78%) Consul
13 4 (0.39%) Nagios
13 4 (0.39%) rkt
13 4 (0.39%) StatsD
14 3 (0.29%) Control-M
Vendors
1 189 (18.53%) Oracle
2 103 (10.10%) Google
3 58 (5.69%) TIBCO
4 45 (4.41%) Red Hat
5 39 (3.82%) ION Trading
6 34 (3.33%) webMethods
7 32 (3.14%) ATG
7 32 (3.14%) Splunk
8 31 (3.04%) Perforce
9 30 (2.94%) Sybase
10 27 (2.65%) IBM
11 22 (2.16%) Syncfusion
12 21 (2.06%) Adobe
12 21 (2.06%) DevExpress
13 18 (1.76%) VMware
14 16 (1.57%) Reuters
15 14 (1.37%) AppDynamics
15 14 (1.37%) Atlassian
16 13 (1.27%) Solace
16 13 (1.27%) Sonatype
Camberley, Surrey
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
Buckinghamshire
Verticality Ltd
Rate: Day rate £350 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £300.00 - £375.00 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: excellent rates or salaries, 6 months contracts
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £500 to £550 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
Knutsford, Cheshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Liverpool, Merseyside
Uniting Ambition
Rate: £400 - 450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: NEG
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds
Pearson Frank
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £500.00 - £590.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Inspire Corporation Limited
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £375 - £440 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £400.00 - £440.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £475 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Stockport, Cheshire
Square One Resources
Rate: £430 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Newcastle upon Tyne
Pearson Frank
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Brentwood, Essex
Peopleworks
Rate: From £60 to £65 per hour £60 to £65 Per Hour
Posted: 3 days ago
Greater Manchester
Spier Consulting Ltd
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Posted: 6 days ago
Croydon, Surrey
Syntax Consultancy Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £550 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 6 days ago
South West London
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
LA International
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 4 days ago
Brentwood, Essex
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
CPS Group Limited
Rate: £375 - £400 per day
Posted: 8 days ago