Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 218 206 206
Rank change year-on-year -12 0 +107
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1,206 1,244 1,306
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.26% 1.31% 1.33%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.97% 7.04% 8.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 834 846 887
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £315
90th Percentile £622 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.00% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 24 8
England median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.00% +73.61% -11.11%
10th Percentile £31.07 £40.00 £29.53
90th Percentile £46.59 £63.75 £47.25
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year -32.00% +73.61% -12.73%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 20,195 17,664 16,118
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.17% 18.65% 16.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,981 12,350 10,892
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £601 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 216 275 232
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +4.30%
10th Percentile £25.95 £29.00 £26.12
90th Percentile £54.38 £58.75 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 627 £544 +3.57% 89
South East -30 192 £425 -10.53% 49
North of England -36 140 £425 +0.59% 46
Midlands +6 122 £425 +6.25% 22
North West -19 83 £415 +0.61% 22
South West +13 75 £500 +17.65% 21
East Midlands +28 61 £405 +1.19% 10
West Midlands -32 57 £450 +12.50% 12
East of England -10 51 £500 +21.21% 23
North East +11 32 £410 +17.14% 7
Yorkshire -55 26 £425 -1.16% 17
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,083 (89.80%) Java
2 852 (70.65%) Agile Software Development
3 662 (54.89%) Spring
4 603 (50.00%) Git (software)
5 593 (49.17%) Jenkins
6 530 (43.95%) Maven
7 488 (40.46%) TDD
8 471 (39.05%) Test Automation
9 436 (36.15%) Continuous Integration
10 429 (35.57%) Scrum
11 425 (35.24%) REST
12 397 (32.92%) BDD
13 376 (31.18%) RESTful
14 371 (30.76%) Mockito
15 347 (28.77%) JIRA
16 342 (28.36%) Web Services
17 324 (26.87%) Microservices
18 314 (26.04%) Hibernate
19 312 (25.87%) SQL
20 308 (25.54%) Java 8
21 306 (25.37%) JavaScript
22 304 (25.21%) Selenium
23 282 (23.38%) Cucumber
24 276 (22.89%) DevOps
25 255 (21.14%) Linux
26 252 (20.90%) Docker
27 232 (19.24%) Spring Boot
28 228 (18.91%) Amazon AWS
29 227 (18.82%) Confluence
30 219 (18.16%) Kanban

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 227 (18.82%) Confluence
2 113 (9.37%) JBoss
3 96 (7.96%) Tomcat
4 91 (7.55%) Apache
5 69 (5.72%) WildFly
6 51 (4.23%) Elasticsearch
7 40 (3.32%) WebLogic
8 30 (2.49%) nginx
9 29 (2.40%) WebSphere
10 27 (2.24%) SharePoint
11 26 (2.16%) Apache Spark
12 22 (1.82%) Mule
13 19 (1.58%) Cloud Foundry
14 18 (1.49%) Apache Solr
15 17 (1.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 11 (0.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 10 (0.83%) CMS
18 5 (0.41%) GemFire
18 5 (0.41%) GlassFish
18 5 (0.41%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 4 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.083%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 16 (1.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.50%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.25%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.17%) Global One
4 2 (0.17%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.083%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.083%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 1 (0.083%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 228 (18.91%) Amazon AWS
2 76 (6.30%) Amazon EC2
3 59 (4.89%) Microsoft Azure
4 58 (4.81%) GitHub
5 32 (2.65%) npm
6 22 (1.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 22 (1.82%) Google Analytics
7 19 (1.58%) Amazon S3
7 19 (1.58%) Google Cloud Platform
8 17 (1.41%) BrowserStack
8 17 (1.41%) Serverless
9 15 (1.24%) PaaS
10 14 (1.16%) AWS Lambda
11 12 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
11 12 (1.00%) Slack
12 11 (0.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 10 (0.83%) Amazon ElastiCache
13 10 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
13 10 (0.83%) CloudFront
13 10 (0.83%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 136 (11.28%) HTTP
2 50 (4.15%) TCP/IP
3 33 (2.74%) SSL
4 13 (1.08%) OpenVPN
5 11 (0.91%) AMQP
6 10 (0.83%) DNS
7 9 (0.75%) Internet
7 9 (0.75%) OpenLDAP
7 9 (0.75%) SSH
8 8 (0.66%) DSL
9 6 (0.50%) Firewall
10 4 (0.33%) DOCSIS
10 4 (0.33%) DVB
10 4 (0.33%) HTTPS
10 4 (0.33%) SNMP
11 3 (0.25%) DLNA
11 3 (0.25%) FTP
11 3 (0.25%) SMTP
11 3 (0.25%) UPnP
11 3 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 193 (16.00%) Relational Database
2 142 (11.77%) NoSQL
3 137 (11.36%) MongoDB
4 119 (9.87%) PostgreSQL
5 99 (8.21%) MySQL
6 88 (7.30%) RDBMS
7 80 (6.63%) SQL Server
8 45 (3.73%) Apache Cassandra
9 30 (2.49%) Big Data
10 28 (2.32%) Redis
11 26 (2.16%) Hadoop
12 23 (1.91%) Oracle Database
13 18 (1.49%) Apache Hive
13 18 (1.49%) HBase
14 16 (1.33%) DB2
15 15 (1.24%) Amazon RDS
16 14 (1.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 13 (1.08%) Couchbase
17 13 (1.08%) Hazelcast
18 12 (1.00%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 603 (50.00%) Git (software)
2 593 (49.17%) Jenkins
3 530 (43.95%) Maven
4 371 (30.76%) Mockito
5 347 (28.77%) JIRA
6 304 (25.21%) Selenium
7 282 (23.38%) Cucumber
8 201 (16.67%) SonarQube
9 163 (13.52%) Subversion
10 160 (13.27%) Gradle
11 113 (9.37%) jMock
12 111 (9.20%) Eclipse
13 91 (7.55%) DbUnit
14 89 (7.38%) JMeter
15 86 (7.13%) IntelliJ
15 86 (7.13%) Vagrant
16 81 (6.72%) Checkstyle
17 80 (6.63%) Liquibase
18 78 (6.47%) Hudson
19 77 (6.38%) Ant
General
1 157 (13.02%) Finance
2 129 (10.70%) Banking
3 50 (4.15%) Investment Banking
4 49 (4.06%) Retail
5 43 (3.57%) Front Office
6 19 (1.58%) Games
7 16 (1.33%) Marketing
8 12 (1.00%) Advertising
9 8 (0.66%) Back Office
10 6 (0.50%) Electronics
10 6 (0.50%) Legal
10 6 (0.50%) Manufacturing
10 6 (0.50%) Publishing
10 6 (0.50%) Telecoms
11 5 (0.41%) Financial Institution
12 4 (0.33%) Aerospace
12 4 (0.33%) Wholesale Banking
13 3 (0.25%) Automotive
14 2 (0.17%) Retail Banking
15 1 (0.083%) Law
Job Titles
1 906 (75.12%) Developer
2 711 (58.96%) Java Developer
3 87 (7.21%) Senior Developer
4 86 (7.13%) Agile Developer
5 68 (5.64%) Senior Java Developer
6 66 (5.47%) Tester
7 65 (5.39%) Scala Developer
8 53 (4.39%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 48 (3.98%) Full Stack Developer
10 47 (3.90%) Automation Tester
11 45 (3.73%) Java Engineer
12 44 (3.65%) DevOps Engineer
13 38 (3.15%) Lead Developer
13 38 (3.15%) Software Engineer
14 37 (3.07%) Backend Developer
15 36 (2.99%) Test Engineer
16 35 (2.90%) Lead Java Developer
17 32 (2.65%) Agile Java Developer
18 29 (2.40%) Android Developer
18 29 (2.40%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 662 (54.89%) Spring
2 425 (35.24%) REST
3 376 (31.18%) RESTful
4 342 (28.36%) Web Services
5 314 (26.04%) Hibernate
6 232 (19.24%) Spring Boot
7 205 (17.00%) SOAP
8 204 (16.92%) HTML
8 204 (16.92%) JSON
9 203 (16.83%) CSS
10 199 (16.50%) J2EE
11 184 (15.26%) XML
12 165 (13.68%) JMS
13 157 (13.02%) AngularJS
14 130 (10.78%) Java EE
15 127 (10.53%) Node.js
16 115 (9.54%) HTML5
16 115 (9.54%) Spring MVC
17 106 (8.79%) Gherkin
18 100 (8.29%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 87 (7.21%) Linux Command Line
2 56 (4.64%) Analytical Skills
3 54 (4.48%) Greenfield Project
4 49 (4.06%) Computer Science
5 44 (3.65%) Fixed Income
6 38 (3.15%) User Experience
7 37 (3.07%) Fintech
8 35 (2.90%) Mobile App
9 23 (1.91%) Data Structures
10 20 (1.66%) NHS
11 17 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
11 17 (1.41%) Virtual Team
12 16 (1.33%) Algorithms
13 13 (1.08%) Equities
14 11 (0.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 11 (0.91%) N-Tier
15 10 (0.83%) iPad
16 7 (0.58%) Replication
17 6 (0.50%) Clustering
17 6 (0.50%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 255 (21.14%) Linux
2 210 (17.41%) Unix
3 75 (6.22%) VMS
4 60 (4.98%) Windows
5 38 (3.15%) Android
6 35 (2.90%) Ubuntu
7 13 (1.08%) Apple iOS
8 12 (1.00%) CentOS
9 11 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.91%) Solaris
10 3 (0.25%) Android TV
10 3 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.17%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.083%) DC/OS
12 1 (0.083%) RancherOS
12 1 (0.083%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 852 (70.65%) Agile Software Development
2 488 (40.46%) TDD
3 471 (39.05%) Test Automation
4 436 (36.15%) Continuous Integration
5 429 (35.57%) Scrum
6 397 (32.92%) BDD
7 324 (26.87%) Microservices
8 276 (22.89%) DevOps
9 219 (18.16%) Kanban
10 212 (17.58%) Open Source
11 189 (15.67%) OO
12 164 (13.60%) MVC
13 158 (13.10%) Unit Testing
14 140 (11.61%) Problem-Solving
15 117 (9.70%) Pair Programming
16 116 (9.62%) E-Commerce
17 110 (9.12%) Software Engineering
18 108 (8.96%) Configuration Management
19 106 (8.79%) Dependency Injection
20 101 (8.37%) Domain-Driven Design
Programming Languages
1 1,083 (89.80%) Java
2 312 (25.87%) SQL
3 308 (25.54%) Java 8
4 306 (25.37%) JavaScript
5 138 (11.44%) Scala
6 98 (8.13%) Python
7 92 (7.63%) Ruby
8 88 (7.30%) Groovy
9 75 (6.22%) C#
10 73 (6.05%) JPQL
11 41 (3.40%) Shell Script
12 33 (2.74%) C
13 31 (2.57%) C++
13 31 (2.57%) PL/SQL
14 28 (2.32%) Bash Shell
15 27 (2.24%) Kotlin
16 26 (2.16%) Perl
17 25 (2.07%) Haskell
18 18 (1.49%) TypeScript
19 16 (1.33%) PHP
Qualifications
1 174 (14.43%) Security Cleared
2 140 (11.61%) SC Cleared
3 76 (6.30%) Degree
4 68 (5.64%) BPSS Clearance
5 29 (2.40%) Computer Science Degree
6 21 (1.74%) DV Cleared
7 13 (1.08%) ISTQB
8 8 (0.66%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 6 (0.50%) ISEB
10 5 (0.41%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.41%) ISEB Practitioner
11 4 (0.33%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
12 3 (0.25%) HND
12 3 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 2 (0.17%) OCPJP
13 2 (0.17%) Sun Certification
14 1 (0.083%) BC Cleared
14 1 (0.083%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.083%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 96 (7.96%) QA
2 15 (1.24%) PMO
3 8 (0.66%) WCAG
4 3 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.25%) GDPR
4 3 (0.25%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.17%) HL7
System Software
1 252 (20.90%) Docker
2 54 (4.48%) vSphere
3 51 (4.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (1.41%) HDFS
5 15 (1.24%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (1.08%) vCloud
7 10 (0.83%) Active Directory
8 9 (0.75%) Postfix
8 9 (0.75%) Squid
9 8 (0.66%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.083%) ACF2
10 1 (0.083%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.083%) IAG
10 1 (0.083%) RACF
Systems Management
1 100 (8.29%) Ansible
2 89 (7.38%) Kubernetes
2 89 (7.38%) Puppet
3 55 (4.56%) Opscode Chef
4 52 (4.31%) Kibana
5 49 (4.06%) Grafana
6 48 (3.98%) Terraform
7 21 (1.74%) logstash
8 18 (1.49%) Prometheus
8 18 (1.49%) Rancher
9 9 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
9 9 (0.75%) ZABBIX
10 8 (0.66%) Mesos
10 8 (0.66%) Packer
10 8 (0.66%) Rsyslog
10 8 (0.66%) Sysdig
11 7 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
11 7 (0.58%) Oozie
12 4 (0.33%) FreeIPA
12 4 (0.33%) Red Hat Spacewalk
Vendors
1 126 (10.45%) Oracle
2 117 (9.70%) Google
3 68 (5.64%) VMware
4 39 (3.23%) Adobe
5 36 (2.99%) Microsoft
6 34 (2.82%) Atlassian
7 33 (2.74%) Splunk
8 26 (2.16%) webMethods
9 23 (1.91%) Sybase
10 19 (1.58%) IBM
11 18 (1.49%) MuleSoft
12 14 (1.16%) HP
13 13 (1.08%) AppDynamics
13 13 (1.08%) Red Hat
14 12 (1.00%) Murex
15 11 (0.91%) Apple
15 11 (0.91%) SAP
16 9 (0.75%) CA Agile Central
16 9 (0.75%) Sonatype
17 7 (0.58%) hybris