Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 281 221 207
Rank change year-on-year -60 -14 +3
Contract jobs citing JUnit 584 1,139 1,245
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.88% 1.26% 1.37%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.11% 5.82% 7.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 398 737 882
England median daily rate £500 £513 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +13.89% -
10th Percentile £363 £365 £325
90th Percentile £616 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 10 16
England median hourly rate £35.00 £43.75 £62.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% -30.00% +73.61%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £62.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% -32.00% +73.61%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 11,423 19,581 16,952
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.22% 21.62% 18.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,665 13,447 11,984
England median daily rate £475 £488 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.56% +3.72% +8.05%
10th Percentile £325 £331 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £455
% change year-on-year - +4.40% +7.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 176 228 219
England median hourly rate £41.75 £42.75 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.34% -1.72% +6.75%
10th Percentile £16.50 £32.22 £29.80
90th Percentile £75.25 £55.00 £62.55
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.25 £43.50
% change year-on-year -1.73% -0.57% +6.10%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -24 308 £525 -2.33% 93
North of England +11 99 £500 +11.11% 34
Midlands +17 81 £475 +5.56% 15
West Midlands +56 70 £475 +5.56% 10
Yorkshire +63 45 £550 +10.00% 5
South East -78 44 £425 - 19
South West -24 41 £475 -2.56% 13
North East +27 31 £475 +16.28% 5
North West -47 23 £438 -2.78% 24
East Midlands -18 11 £375 -25.00% 5
East of England -4 10 £483 -8.10% 10
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 502 (85.96%) Java
2 424 (72.60%) Agile Software Development
3 382 (65.41%) Spring
4 295 (50.51%) Git (software)
5 281 (48.12%) Jenkins
6 262 (44.86%) Maven
7 254 (43.49%) TDD
8 251 (42.98%) Mockito
9 242 (41.44%) Scrum
10 239 (40.92%) Microservices
11 202 (34.59%) Continuous Integration
11 202 (34.59%) REST
12 197 (33.73%) Spring Boot
13 196 (33.56%) RESTful
14 177 (30.31%) Web Services
15 174 (29.79%) Test Automation
16 173 (29.62%) SQL
17 164 (28.08%) AngularJS
18 160 (27.40%) AWS
19 158 (27.05%) Cucumber
20 156 (26.71%) JavaScript
21 153 (26.20%) Java 8
22 151 (25.86%) Open Source
23 146 (25.00%) BDD
24 144 (24.66%) DevOps
25 142 (24.32%) SOAP
26 131 (22.43%) Selenium
27 120 (20.55%) HTML
27 120 (20.55%) Hibernate
27 120 (20.55%) JIRA

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (13.53%) Confluence
2 52 (8.90%) Tomcat
3 51 (8.73%) Apache
4 49 (8.39%) WebLogic
5 42 (7.19%) JBoss
6 33 (5.65%) Elasticsearch
7 21 (3.60%) Mule
8 19 (3.25%) Cloud Foundry
9 11 (1.88%) nginx
9 11 (1.88%) WebSphere
10 10 (1.71%) Jetty
11 9 (1.54%) Anypoint
12 6 (1.03%) Apache Spark
13 5 (0.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 4 (0.68%) Apache Solr
15 3 (0.51%) GemFire
15 3 (0.51%) WildFly
16 2 (0.34%) Commerce Server
16 2 (0.34%) Liferay
17 1 (0.17%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 8 (1.37%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (1.37%) Oracle AML
2 7 (1.20%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 160 (27.40%) AWS
2 81 (13.87%) Amazon EC2
3 78 (13.36%) GitHub
4 73 (12.50%) Azure
5 58 (9.93%) Amazon SQS
6 40 (6.85%) Google Analytics
7 16 (2.74%) OpenShift
8 10 (1.71%) Amazon S3
9 9 (1.54%) PaaS
9 9 (1.54%) Serverless
10 7 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
10 7 (1.20%) GCP
10 7 (1.20%) npm
10 7 (1.20%) Slack
11 6 (1.03%) Dynamics 365
11 6 (1.03%) SuccessFactors
12 5 (0.86%) BrowserStack
13 4 (0.68%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 3 (0.51%) Kong
14 3 (0.51%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 71 (12.16%) HTTP
2 50 (8.56%) TCP/IP
3 40 (6.85%) SSL
4 17 (2.91%) HTTPS
5 6 (1.03%) Internet
6 4 (0.68%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.51%) AMQP
7 3 (0.51%) VoIP
8 2 (0.34%) CTI
8 2 (0.34%) DHCP
8 2 (0.34%) DNS
8 2 (0.34%) Firewall
8 2 (0.34%) LAN
8 2 (0.34%) RTMP
8 2 (0.34%) Unified Communications
8 2 (0.34%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (15.07%) PostgreSQL
2 84 (14.38%) NoSQL
3 63 (10.79%) Amazon RDS
4 56 (9.59%) MySQL
5 47 (8.05%) SQL Server
6 45 (7.71%) MongoDB
7 38 (6.51%) Relational Database
8 34 (5.82%) Oracle Database
9 29 (4.97%) RDBMS
10 16 (2.74%) Apache Cassandra
11 15 (2.57%) Redis
12 12 (2.05%) Oracle Database 12c
13 11 (1.88%) BusinessObjects
14 10 (1.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 10 (1.71%) Big Data
15 9 (1.54%) Couchbase
15 9 (1.54%) DB2
16 8 (1.37%) Oracle Database 10g
17 6 (1.03%) Infinispan
18 5 (0.86%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 295 (50.51%) Git (software)
2 281 (48.12%) Jenkins
3 262 (44.86%) Maven
4 251 (42.98%) Mockito
5 158 (27.05%) Cucumber
6 131 (22.43%) Selenium
7 120 (20.55%) JIRA
8 106 (18.15%) Gradle
9 95 (16.27%) SonarQube
10 81 (13.87%) jMock
11 76 (13.01%) DbUnit
12 60 (10.27%) Eclipse
13 42 (7.19%) Ant
14 41 (7.02%) IntelliJ
15 38 (6.51%) Subversion
16 36 (6.16%) JMeter
17 35 (5.99%) Bitbucket
17 35 (5.99%) Gatling
18 34 (5.82%) Spock
19 25 (4.28%) Artifactory
General
1 77 (13.18%) Finance
2 73 (12.50%) Banking
2 73 (12.50%) Public Sector
3 23 (3.94%) Retail
4 17 (2.91%) Marketing
5 15 (2.57%) Front Office
6 13 (2.23%) Investment Banking
7 8 (1.37%) Manufacturing
7 8 (1.37%) Retail Banking
8 6 (1.03%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.86%) Automotive
9 5 (0.86%) Electronics
10 4 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.51%) Advertising
11 3 (0.51%) Legal
12 2 (0.34%) Aerospace
12 2 (0.34%) Law
12 2 (0.34%) Police
13 1 (0.17%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.17%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 487 (83.39%) Developer
2 336 (57.53%) Java Developer
3 53 (9.08%) SC Cleared Java Developer
4 49 (8.39%) Full Stack Developer
5 46 (7.88%) Senior Developer
6 41 (7.02%) Senior Java Developer
7 34 (5.82%) Backend Developer
8 24 (4.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 23 (3.94%) Software Developer
10 19 (3.25%) Agile Developer
10 19 (3.25%) Agile Java Developer
10 19 (3.25%) Java Engineer
11 18 (3.08%) AWS Developer
12 17 (2.91%) Architect
12 17 (2.91%) JavaScript Developer
13 16 (2.74%) Android Developer
14 14 (2.40%) DevOps Developer
14 14 (2.40%) DevOps Engineer
15 13 (2.23%) Angular Developer
15 13 (2.23%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 382 (65.41%) Spring
2 202 (34.59%) REST
3 197 (33.73%) Spring Boot
4 196 (33.56%) RESTful
5 177 (30.31%) Web Services
6 164 (28.08%) AngularJS
7 142 (24.32%) SOAP
8 120 (20.55%) Hibernate
8 120 (20.55%) HTML
9 110 (18.84%) CSS
10 99 (16.95%) JSON
10 99 (16.95%) Node.js
11 98 (16.78%) XML
12 89 (15.24%) React
13 81 (13.87%) J2EE
14 80 (13.70%) JPA
14 80 (13.70%) PowerMock
15 71 (12.16%) HTML5
16 63 (10.79%) ActiveMQ
17 60 (10.27%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 32 (5.48%) User Experience
2 23 (3.94%) Data Structures
3 18 (3.08%) Greenfield Project
4 17 (2.91%) Mobile App
5 16 (2.74%) Algorithms
6 13 (2.23%) Fixed Income
6 13 (2.23%) NHS
7 12 (2.05%) Analytical Skills
8 11 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
8 11 (1.88%) Linux Command Line
9 10 (1.71%) Virtual Team
10 9 (1.54%) Mobile Banking
11 7 (1.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 7 (1.20%) Mobile Payment
12 5 (0.86%) Mainframe
13 3 (0.51%) Cloud Native
13 3 (0.51%) Derivative
13 3 (0.51%) IVR
13 3 (0.51%) Management Information System
13 3 (0.51%) VUI
Operating Systems
1 84 (14.38%) Linux
2 83 (14.21%) Unix
3 25 (4.28%) Android
4 22 (3.77%) Windows
5 12 (2.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (1.54%) Ubuntu
7 6 (1.03%) Apple iOS
7 6 (1.03%) Solaris
8 3 (0.51%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 424 (72.60%) Agile Software Development
2 254 (43.49%) TDD
3 242 (41.44%) Scrum
4 239 (40.92%) Microservices
5 202 (34.59%) Continuous Integration
6 174 (29.79%) Test Automation
7 151 (25.86%) Open Source
8 146 (25.00%) BDD
9 144 (24.66%) DevOps
10 114 (19.52%) Kanban
11 108 (18.49%) Pair Programming
12 54 (9.25%) Analytics
13 50 (8.56%) OO
14 46 (7.88%) Unit Testing
15 45 (7.71%) Mentoring
15 45 (7.71%) Problem-Solving
16 42 (7.19%) Continuous Improvement
16 42 (7.19%) Front End Development
17 41 (7.02%) BPMN
18 38 (6.51%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 502 (85.96%) Java
2 173 (29.62%) SQL
3 156 (26.71%) JavaScript
4 153 (26.20%) Java 8
5 43 (7.36%) ES6
5 43 (7.36%) Scala
6 37 (6.34%) Bash Shell
7 36 (6.16%) Python
8 34 (5.82%) C#
8 34 (5.82%) Kotlin
9 31 (5.31%) Shell Script
10 28 (4.79%) Groovy
11 25 (4.28%) PL/SQL
12 15 (2.57%) Ruby
13 13 (2.23%) Haskell
14 11 (1.88%) Perl
15 9 (1.54%) Go
15 9 (1.54%) TypeScript
16 8 (1.37%) ES7
17 7 (1.20%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 119 (20.38%) Security Cleared
2 99 (16.95%) SC Cleared
3 29 (4.97%) Degree
4 16 (2.74%) BPSS Clearance
5 14 (2.40%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (1.37%) DBS Check
7 5 (0.86%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.68%) ISEB
8 4 (0.68%) Sun Certification
9 3 (0.51%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.34%) OCPJP
11 1 (0.17%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (5.48%) QA
2 22 (3.77%) WCAG
3 3 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.17%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.17%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 114 (19.52%) Docker
2 53 (9.08%) Postfix
3 24 (4.11%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (4.11%) vSphere
4 2 (0.34%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.17%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.17%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 50 (8.56%) Kubernetes
2 37 (6.34%) Grafana
3 34 (5.82%) Kibana
4 28 (4.79%) Puppet
5 17 (2.91%) Ansible
6 11 (1.88%) Terraform
7 9 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (1.03%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 6 (1.03%) Prometheus
9 5 (0.86%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 2 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.34%) Istio
10 2 (0.34%) logstash
10 2 (0.34%) Mesos
11 1 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.17%) Graphite
11 1 (0.17%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 91 (15.58%) Oracle
2 55 (9.42%) Google
3 31 (5.31%) Microsoft
4 27 (4.62%) VMware
5 22 (3.77%) Red Hat
6 20 (3.42%) MuleSoft
7 16 (2.74%) webMethods
8 15 (2.57%) SAP
9 13 (2.23%) Splunk
10 10 (1.71%) Adobe
10 10 (1.71%) BEA
11 9 (1.54%) Charles River
11 9 (1.54%) NetIQ
12 8 (1.37%) ForgeRock
13 7 (1.20%) AppDynamics
13 7 (1.20%) Blue Coat
13 7 (1.20%) F5
14 5 (0.86%) Atlassian
15 4 (0.68%) Cognizant
15 4 (0.68%) Sun