Period
to 4 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 4 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
4 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 282 271 235
Rank change year-on-year -11 -36 -34
Contract jobs citing JUnit 326 555 1,109
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.84% 0.91% 1.24%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.92% 5.28% 5.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 240 419 751
Median daily rate £475 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £355 £356 £375
90th Percentile £625 £610 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 9
Median hourly rate £58.00 £52.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.54% +15.56% -28.00%
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £52.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -19.23% +15.56% -28.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,626 10,505 19,187
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.02% 17.26% 21.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,469 7,270 13,429
Median daily rate £475 £488 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.56% -2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £329 £338
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £478
% change year-on-year - -0.56% +3.28%
Number of hourly rates quoted 140 148 233
Median hourly rate £45.50 £47.25 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.70% +7.39% -2.22%
10th Percentile £30.00 £16.50 £22.50
90th Percentile £61.25 £64.12 £56.40
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £44.18
% change year-on-year -5.26% +7.51% -1.82%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 4 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 4 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 4 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -24 200 £500 -4.76% 38
North of England +47 48 £450 -18.18% 17
Yorkshire +28 22 £440 -20.00% 9
South East +85 18 £413 -5.71% 13
North West +49 16 £473 -0.53% 4
East of England +59 12 £513 +4.59% 5
Midlands -19 11 £413 -12.00% 7
North East +22 10 £475 +15.85% 4
South West +45 7 £513 +2.50% 9
East Midlands +23 7 £413 +13.79% 4
West Midlands -21 4 £500 +5.26% 3
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 4 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 279 (85.58%) Java
2 202 (61.96%) Agile Software Development
3 173 (53.07%) Jenkins
4 152 (46.63%) Spring
5 144 (44.17%) Git (software)
6 129 (39.57%) Mockito
7 119 (36.50%) Maven
8 116 (35.58%) TDD
9 109 (33.44%) JIRA
10 106 (32.52%) REST
11 104 (31.90%) AWS
12 103 (31.60%) Docker
13 101 (30.98%) Microservices
13 101 (30.98%) Test Automation
14 96 (29.45%) Continuous Integration
15 86 (26.38%) Cucumber
15 86 (26.38%) JavaScript
16 84 (25.77%) DevOps
17 82 (25.15%) Scrum
18 81 (24.85%) JSON
18 81 (24.85%) BDD
19 80 (24.54%) XML
20 79 (24.23%) Kubernetes
21 77 (23.62%) GitHub
22 76 (23.31%) Java 8
23 75 (23.01%) Confluence
24 73 (22.39%) Web Services
25 68 (20.86%) Spring Boot
26 66 (20.25%) Selenium
27 65 (19.94%) Android

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (23.01%) Confluence
2 40 (12.27%) JBoss
3 36 (11.04%) WebSphere
4 31 (9.51%) Mule
5 24 (7.36%) Red Hat Fuse
6 22 (6.75%) Cloud Foundry
7 19 (5.83%) Tomcat
8 18 (5.52%) WebLogic
9 16 (4.91%) Elasticsearch
10 10 (3.07%) Apache ServiceMix
10 10 (3.07%) BizTalk Server
10 10 (3.07%) Jetty
11 8 (2.45%) Apache
12 6 (1.84%) Apache Spark
12 6 (1.84%) SharePoint
13 5 (1.53%) Anypoint
14 4 (1.23%) GlassFish
14 4 (1.23%) Oracle Coherence
14 4 (1.23%) WebSphere Application Server
15 3 (0.92%) DNN
Applications
1 5 (1.53%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.61%) Sketch
3 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (0.92%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.31%) Exstream
2 1 (0.31%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 104 (31.90%) AWS
2 77 (23.62%) GitHub
3 56 (17.18%) Azure
4 26 (7.98%) PaaS
5 20 (6.13%) Slack
6 19 (5.83%) IaaS
7 18 (5.52%) Amazon S3
7 18 (5.52%) Serverless
8 17 (5.21%) OpenShift
9 16 (4.91%) AWS Lambda
10 15 (4.60%) Amazon SQS
11 13 (3.99%) Apigee
11 13 (3.99%) GCP
12 12 (3.68%) Boomi
13 9 (2.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 8 (2.45%) SaaS
15 7 (2.15%) Firebase
16 6 (1.84%) npm
17 4 (1.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 4 (1.23%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 41 (12.58%) HTTP
2 12 (3.68%) HTTPS
3 8 (2.45%) TCP/IP
4 7 (2.15%) Internet
5 5 (1.53%) Kerberos
6 4 (1.23%) DLNA
6 4 (1.23%) DNS
6 4 (1.23%) NAS
6 4 (1.23%) SSL
6 4 (1.23%) UPnP
6 4 (1.23%) Wi-Fi
7 3 (0.92%) DMARC
7 3 (0.92%) SMS
7 3 (0.92%) SMTP
8 2 (0.61%) LAN
9 1 (0.31%) FTP
9 1 (0.31%) NFC
9 1 (0.31%) Software-Defined Networking
9 1 (0.31%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (11.35%) MongoDB
2 33 (10.12%) NoSQL
3 28 (8.59%) Relational Database
4 23 (7.06%) PostgreSQL
5 21 (6.44%) MySQL
6 19 (5.83%) SQL Server
7 6 (1.84%) Apache Hive
7 6 (1.84%) RDBMS
8 5 (1.53%) Apache Cassandra
8 5 (1.53%) Big Data
9 4 (1.23%) HBase
9 4 (1.23%) Impala
10 3 (0.92%) Amazon RDS
10 3 (0.92%) CockroachDB
10 3 (0.92%) Oracle Database
10 3 (0.92%) Redis
10 3 (0.92%) SQLPlus
11 2 (0.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 2 (0.61%) GIS
11 2 (0.61%) PowerCenter
Development Applications
1 173 (53.07%) Jenkins
2 144 (44.17%) Git (software)
3 129 (39.57%) Mockito
4 119 (36.50%) Maven
5 109 (33.44%) JIRA
6 86 (26.38%) Cucumber
7 66 (20.25%) Selenium
8 46 (14.11%) IntelliJ
9 45 (13.80%) Gradle
10 42 (12.88%) SonarQube
11 36 (11.04%) GitLab
12 31 (9.51%) JMeter
13 27 (8.28%) Sonatype Nexus
14 26 (7.98%) Subversion
15 25 (7.67%) Eclipse
16 24 (7.36%) Postman
17 23 (7.06%) git-flow
18 21 (6.44%) Android Studio
18 21 (6.44%) Ant
19 20 (6.13%) TestNG
General
1 51 (15.64%) Finance
2 46 (14.11%) Banking
3 20 (6.13%) Public Sector
4 15 (4.60%) Investment Banking
5 4 (1.23%) Advertising
5 4 (1.23%) Electronics
5 4 (1.23%) Pharmaceutical
5 4 (1.23%) Retail Banking
6 3 (0.92%) Back Office
6 3 (0.92%) Front Office
6 3 (0.92%) Law
6 3 (0.92%) Marketing
7 2 (0.61%) Games
7 2 (0.61%) Multimedia
7 2 (0.61%) Retail
8 1 (0.31%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.31%) Legal
8 1 (0.31%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 194 (59.51%) Developer
2 129 (39.57%) Java Developer
3 28 (8.59%) Senior Developer
4 24 (7.36%) Senior Java Developer
5 21 (6.44%) Full Stack Developer
6 18 (5.52%) Android Developer
6 18 (5.52%) Software Engineer
7 17 (5.21%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 16 (4.91%) Tester
9 15 (4.60%) Automation Tester
9 15 (4.60%) AWS Developer
10 14 (4.29%) Android Engineer
10 14 (4.29%) DevOps Engineer
10 14 (4.29%) Integration Developer
11 13 (3.99%) Java Engineer
11 13 (3.99%) Java Middleware Developer
11 13 (3.99%) Middleware Developer
12 11 (3.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 10 (3.07%) Senior Integration Developer
13 10 (3.07%) Senior Middleware Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 152 (46.63%) Spring
2 106 (32.52%) REST
3 81 (24.85%) JSON
4 80 (24.54%) XML
5 73 (22.39%) Web Services
6 68 (20.86%) Spring Boot
7 64 (19.63%) Node.js
7 64 (19.63%) RESTful
8 60 (18.40%) Hibernate
9 57 (17.48%) SOAP
10 53 (16.26%) HTML
11 46 (14.11%) AngularJS
12 40 (12.27%) CSS
13 39 (11.96%) RxJava
14 36 (11.04%) React
15 30 (9.20%) JMS
16 29 (8.90%) Java EE
17 28 (8.59%) HTML5
17 28 (8.59%) J2EE
18 27 (8.28%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 45 (13.80%) Mobile App
2 24 (7.36%) Enterprise Software
3 22 (6.75%) Data Structures
4 21 (6.44%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (5.52%) User Experience
6 15 (4.60%) Mobile Payment
7 12 (3.68%) Algorithms
8 10 (3.07%) Fixed Income
9 8 (2.45%) Cloud Native
9 8 (2.45%) Private Cloud
9 8 (2.45%) Public Cloud
10 7 (2.15%) Hybrid Cloud
10 7 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (1.53%) Replication
12 4 (1.23%) Analytical Mindset
12 4 (1.23%) Clustering
12 4 (1.23%) Credit Risk
12 4 (1.23%) IVR
12 4 (1.23%) MPEG
13 3 (0.92%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 65 (19.94%) Android
2 56 (17.18%) Linux
3 36 (11.04%) Unix
4 24 (7.36%) Windows
5 21 (6.44%) Apple iOS
6 6 (1.84%) CentOS
7 4 (1.23%) Embedded Linux
8 3 (0.92%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.92%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.31%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.31%) Solaris
9 1 (0.31%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 202 (61.96%) Agile Software Development
2 116 (35.58%) TDD
3 101 (30.98%) Microservices
3 101 (30.98%) Test Automation
4 96 (29.45%) Continuous Integration
5 84 (25.77%) DevOps
6 82 (25.15%) Scrum
7 81 (24.85%) BDD
8 61 (18.71%) Unit Testing
9 56 (17.18%) Continuous Delivery
10 54 (16.56%) Pair Programming
11 47 (14.42%) Software Engineering
12 43 (13.19%) SDLC
13 42 (12.88%) Android Development
14 38 (11.66%) Kanban
15 37 (11.35%) OO
15 37 (11.35%) Open Source
16 32 (9.82%) Problem-Solving
17 28 (8.59%) Multithreading
18 25 (7.67%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 279 (85.58%) Java
2 86 (26.38%) JavaScript
3 76 (23.31%) Java 8
4 63 (19.33%) Kotlin
5 62 (19.02%) Python
6 57 (17.48%) SQL
7 28 (8.59%) Bash Shell
8 26 (7.98%) Scala
9 19 (5.83%) PowerShell
10 17 (5.21%) Apple Swift
11 16 (4.91%) C++
11 16 (4.91%) TypeScript
12 13 (3.99%) Shell Script
13 11 (3.37%) C#
13 11 (3.37%) Ruby
14 10 (3.07%) Go
14 10 (3.07%) PL/SQL
15 8 (2.45%) C
16 6 (1.84%) Groovy
17 5 (1.53%) ES6
Qualifications
1 57 (17.48%) Security Cleared
2 45 (13.80%) SC Cleared
3 18 (5.52%) Degree
4 12 (3.68%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.53%) AWS Certification
6 4 (1.23%) DV Cleared
6 4 (1.23%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.92%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.61%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.31%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (8.59%) QA
2 4 (1.23%) Data Quality
2 4 (1.23%) WCAG
3 3 (0.92%) GDPR
4 1 (0.31%) ISO 15022
4 1 (0.31%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 103 (31.60%) Docker
2 7 (2.15%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (1.23%) HDFS
4 3 (0.92%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.61%) KVM
5 2 (0.61%) Postfix
5 2 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.31%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 79 (24.23%) Kubernetes
2 30 (9.20%) Ansible
3 26 (7.98%) Terraform
4 24 (7.36%) Puppet
5 18 (5.52%) Kibana
6 15 (4.60%) Grafana
7 13 (3.99%) Opscode Chef
8 11 (3.37%) Prometheus
9 6 (1.84%) Consul
9 6 (1.84%) logstash
10 5 (1.53%) HP ALM
11 4 (1.23%) Nagios
11 4 (1.23%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.61%) CloudHub
12 2 (0.61%) HP Fortify
13 1 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
13 1 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 27 (8.28%) Oracle
2 24 (7.36%) Atlassian
3 23 (7.06%) Splunk
4 21 (6.44%) Google
5 19 (5.83%) Red Hat
6 15 (4.60%) AppDynamics
6 15 (4.60%) MuleSoft
6 15 (4.60%) webMethods
7 13 (3.99%) Sybase
8 12 (3.68%) Dell
8 12 (3.68%) Microsoft
9 10 (3.07%) Axway
9 10 (3.07%) Fiorano
9 10 (3.07%) Jitterbit
9 10 (3.07%) Murex
9 10 (3.07%) Talend
9 10 (3.07%) TIBCO
10 8 (2.45%) Adobe
11 7 (2.15%) VMware
12 5 (1.53%) HP