Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 320 215 307
Rank change year-on-year -105 +92 -64
Contract jobs citing JUnit 510 297 717
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.81% 1.17% 0.88%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.50% 6.41% 4.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 369 205 454
10th Percentile £388 £363 £363
25th Percentile £456 £418 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £523 £475 £495
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.04% -1.00%
75th Percentile £638 £550 £560
90th Percentile £700 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £488
% change year-on-year +5.26% -2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 0 2
10th Percentile £44.54 " £47.10
25th Percentile £58.18 " £47.75
Median hourly rate £65.50 - £49.34
75th Percentile £68.38 " £51.42
90th Percentile £73.28 " £52.37
UK median hourly rate £65.50 - £49.34

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 11,324 4,635 14,849
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.89% 18.23% 18.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,708 3,234 9,941
10th Percentile £363 £325 £331
25th Percentile £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £623 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £650 £640
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 191 68 177
10th Percentile £25.25 £25.23 £22.45
25th Percentile £41.25 £41.19 £40.50
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -2.17% +8.24%
75th Percentile £60.50 £53.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £69.00 £58.63 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -79 315 £575 +12.20% 69
North of England -101 54 £500 +11.11% 20
South East -57 53 £493 +3.68% 20
South West -14 39 £463 -5.13% 12
North West -68 26 £465 +3.33% 14
North East -2 24 £575 +35.93% 4
Midlands -79 16 £415 +31.75% 5
West Midlands -60 13 £450 -2.70% 5
East of England -48 7 £498 +20.61% 4
Yorkshire -75 4 £525 +10.53% 2
East Midlands -39 3 £405 +28.57%
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 431 (84.51%) Java
2 309 (60.59%) Agile Software Development
3 265 (51.96%) Spring
4 233 (45.69%) Git (software)
5 229 (44.90%) Jenkins
6 222 (43.53%) TDD
7 193 (37.84%) Microservices
8 171 (33.53%) Maven
9 168 (32.94%) Docker
10 164 (32.16%) Mockito
11 158 (30.98%) AWS
12 150 (29.41%) REST
13 148 (29.02%) Java 8
14 147 (28.82%) JavaScript
15 146 (28.63%) Cucumber
16 140 (27.45%) Test Automation
17 136 (26.67%) Scrum
18 128 (25.10%) Spring Boot
19 124 (24.31%) DevOps
20 122 (23.92%) BDD
21 119 (23.33%) Web Services
22 114 (22.35%) RESTful
23 110 (21.57%) Selenium
24 108 (21.18%) Unit Testing
25 107 (20.98%) XML
26 105 (20.59%) Linux
27 101 (19.80%) Software Engineering
28 99 (19.41%) JIRA
29 98 (19.22%) SQL
29 98 (19.22%) GitHub

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (11.57%) Confluence
1 59 (11.57%) Tomcat
2 34 (6.67%) JBoss
3 32 (6.27%) Elasticsearch
4 27 (5.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 24 (4.71%) Mule
6 20 (3.92%) Red Hat Fuse
7 16 (3.14%) WebSphere
8 15 (2.94%) CMS
9 14 (2.75%) Apache
10 13 (2.55%) Jetty
11 10 (1.96%) Apache Spark
11 10 (1.96%) FileNet
12 9 (1.76%) GemFire
13 7 (1.37%) WebLogic
14 6 (1.18%) OpenStack
15 5 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
16 3 (0.59%) Mule ESB
17 2 (0.39%) Jupyter
17 2 (0.39%) Magnolia
Applications
1 2 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.78%) Oracle BPM
1 4 (0.78%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
2 1 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 158 (30.98%) AWS
2 98 (19.22%) GitHub
3 81 (15.88%) Azure
4 51 (10.00%) GCP
5 48 (9.41%) Serverless
6 36 (7.06%) AWS Lambda
7 23 (4.51%) Amazon EC2
8 22 (4.31%) Amazon S3
8 22 (4.31%) Amazon SQS
9 20 (3.92%) SaaS
10 19 (3.73%) BrowserStack
11 18 (3.53%) OpenShift
12 16 (3.14%) Amazon ECS
13 15 (2.94%) PaaS
14 13 (2.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 12 (2.35%) Sauce Labs
16 11 (2.16%) AWS CloudFormation
17 10 (1.96%) BlazeMeter
17 10 (1.96%) Trello
18 8 (1.57%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 30 (5.88%) HTTP
2 15 (2.94%) LAN
3 12 (2.35%) HTTPS
4 8 (1.57%) TCP/IP
5 6 (1.18%) SSL
6 5 (0.98%) 2G
6 5 (0.98%) DNS
7 4 (0.78%) Wireshark
8 3 (0.59%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.39%) DLNA
9 2 (0.39%) DSL
9 2 (0.39%) SSH
9 2 (0.39%) UPnP
9 2 (0.39%) VPN
9 2 (0.39%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.20%) FTP
10 1 (0.20%) Internet
10 1 (0.20%) SMS
10 1 (0.20%) SMTP
10 1 (0.20%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (15.49%) Relational Database
2 71 (13.92%) NoSQL
3 56 (10.98%) MongoDB
4 54 (10.59%) PostgreSQL
5 43 (8.43%) SQL Server
6 37 (7.25%) MySQL
7 30 (5.88%) Redis
8 24 (4.71%) Apache Cassandra
9 21 (4.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 21 (4.12%) RDBMS
10 14 (2.75%) Oracle Database
11 12 (2.35%) Hadoop
12 9 (1.76%) Big Data
12 9 (1.76%) InterSystems Cache
13 7 (1.37%) DB2
14 4 (0.78%) Amazon Aurora
14 4 (0.78%) Apache Hive
14 4 (0.78%) Impala
15 3 (0.59%) Cloudant
15 3 (0.59%) HBase
Development Applications
1 233 (45.69%) Git (software)
2 229 (44.90%) Jenkins
3 171 (33.53%) Maven
4 164 (32.16%) Mockito
5 146 (28.63%) Cucumber
6 110 (21.57%) Selenium
7 99 (19.41%) JIRA
8 55 (10.78%) Gradle
9 48 (9.41%) Subversion
10 45 (8.82%) TestNG
11 43 (8.43%) GitLab
12 37 (7.25%) JMeter
13 35 (6.86%) SonarQube
14 32 (6.27%) Sonatype Nexus
15 30 (5.88%) Postman
16 29 (5.69%) Bitbucket
17 27 (5.29%) IntelliJ
17 27 (5.29%) Jasmine
18 26 (5.10%) jMock
19 22 (4.31%) Eclipse
General
1 84 (16.47%) Finance
2 79 (15.49%) Social Skills
3 69 (13.53%) Banking
4 35 (6.86%) Analytical Skills
5 33 (6.47%) Front Office
6 26 (5.10%) Investment Banking
7 20 (3.92%) Documentation Skills
8 19 (3.73%) Public Sector
9 17 (3.33%) Presentation Skills
10 16 (3.14%) Retail
11 13 (2.55%) Marketing
12 11 (2.16%) Manufacturing
13 8 (1.57%) Influencing Skills
14 5 (0.98%) Games
14 5 (0.98%) Telecoms
15 4 (0.78%) Avionics
16 3 (0.59%) Back Office
16 3 (0.59%) Legal
17 2 (0.39%) Electronics
17 2 (0.39%) Wearables
Job Titles
1 350 (68.63%) Developer
2 232 (45.49%) Java Developer
3 57 (11.18%) Senior Developer
4 50 (9.80%) Senior Java Developer
5 39 (7.65%) Android Developer
6 31 (6.08%) Full Stack Developer
7 26 (5.10%) Software Engineer
8 23 (4.51%) Architect
9 21 (4.12%) DevOps Engineer
9 21 (4.12%) Software Developer
10 20 (3.92%) Tester
11 19 (3.73%) Java Middleware Developer
11 19 (3.73%) Middleware Developer
12 18 (3.53%) Java Engineer
13 17 (3.33%) Integration Developer
14 16 (3.14%) JavaScript Developer
15 15 (2.94%) Java Architect
16 13 (2.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 13 (2.55%) Front Office Developer
16 13 (2.55%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 265 (51.96%) Spring
2 150 (29.41%) REST
3 128 (25.10%) Spring Boot
4 119 (23.33%) Web Services
5 114 (22.35%) RESTful
6 107 (20.98%) XML
7 89 (17.45%) Hibernate
8 88 (17.25%) JSON
9 82 (16.08%) React
10 70 (13.73%) Node.js
11 66 (12.94%) HTML
12 65 (12.75%) CSS
13 64 (12.55%) AngularJS
14 56 (10.98%) Kafka
15 52 (10.20%) Java EE
16 49 (9.61%) SOAP
17 48 (9.41%) JPA
18 41 (8.04%) Spring MVC
19 39 (7.65%) J2EE
20 36 (7.06%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 36 (7.06%) Algorithms
2 27 (5.29%) Mobile App
3 23 (4.51%) Data Structures
4 19 (3.73%) Fixed Income
5 15 (2.94%) Enterprise Software
6 14 (2.75%) Animation
6 14 (2.75%) Client/Server
6 14 (2.75%) Greenfield Project
7 13 (2.55%) Social Media
8 12 (2.35%) Replication
9 11 (2.16%) Public Cloud
10 10 (1.96%) iPhone
10 10 (1.96%) Legacy Code
10 10 (1.96%) N-Tier
11 9 (1.76%) Data Protection Act
11 9 (1.76%) Linux Command Line
12 7 (1.37%) Private Cloud
12 7 (1.37%) User Experience
13 5 (0.98%) Mainframe
14 4 (0.78%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 105 (20.59%) Linux
2 51 (10.00%) Android
3 49 (9.61%) Unix
4 37 (7.25%) Windows
5 21 (4.12%) Apple iOS
6 9 (1.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.98%) Debian
7 5 (0.98%) VMS
8 2 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (0.39%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.20%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.20%) Solaris
9 1 (0.20%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 309 (60.59%) Agile Software Development
2 222 (43.53%) TDD
3 193 (37.84%) Microservices
4 140 (27.45%) Test Automation
5 136 (26.67%) Scrum
6 124 (24.31%) DevOps
7 122 (23.92%) BDD
8 108 (21.18%) Unit Testing
9 101 (19.80%) Software Engineering
10 83 (16.27%) MVC
11 70 (13.73%) Problem-Solving
12 67 (13.14%) Continuous Integration
13 64 (12.55%) Full Stack Development
14 57 (11.18%) Kanban
15 55 (10.78%) SDLC
16 54 (10.59%) Analytics
17 49 (9.61%) Software Testing
18 47 (9.22%) OO
19 46 (9.02%) Pair Programming
20 43 (8.43%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 431 (84.51%) Java
2 148 (29.02%) Java 8
3 147 (28.82%) JavaScript
4 98 (19.22%) SQL
5 67 (13.14%) Python
6 56 (10.98%) Java 11
7 43 (8.43%) Kotlin
8 35 (6.86%) TypeScript
9 33 (6.47%) Scala
10 29 (5.69%) Shell Script
11 25 (4.90%) C++
12 20 (3.92%) Bash Shell
13 19 (3.73%) C#
14 16 (3.14%) ES6
15 14 (2.75%) Java 9
16 11 (2.16%) Ruby
17 10 (1.96%) Apple Swift
17 10 (1.96%) Objective-C
18 9 (1.76%) R
19 8 (1.57%) C
Qualifications
1 54 (10.59%) Security Cleared
2 48 (9.41%) SC Cleared
3 12 (2.35%) Degree
4 11 (2.16%) ISTQB
5 8 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
5 8 (1.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 5 (0.98%) ISEB
7 4 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
8 2 (0.39%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.20%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.20%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (7.65%) Accessibility
2 33 (6.47%) QA
3 13 (2.55%) WCAG
4 3 (0.59%) PMO
5 1 (0.20%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.20%) GDPR
System Software
1 168 (32.94%) Docker
2 5 (0.98%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.78%) HDFS
3 4 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.59%) Varnish
4 3 (0.59%) vSphere
5 2 (0.39%) RACF
5 2 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.20%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.20%) Postfix
6 1 (0.20%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 79 (15.49%) Kubernetes
2 32 (6.27%) Kibana
3 30 (5.88%) Ansible
4 21 (4.12%) Grafana
5 18 (3.53%) Puppet
6 16 (3.14%) Terraform
7 13 (2.55%) Nagios
8 11 (2.16%) Graphite
8 11 (2.16%) logstash
8 11 (2.16%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (1.37%) Graylog
10 5 (0.98%) ZABBIX
11 3 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.59%) Mesos
11 3 (0.59%) Oozie
11 3 (0.59%) Prometheus
12 2 (0.39%) CloudHub
12 2 (0.39%) Istio
12 2 (0.39%) Marathon
12 2 (0.39%) Rancher
Vendors
1 70 (13.73%) Oracle
2 32 (6.27%) Adobe
3 30 (5.88%) Google
4 19 (3.73%) Sybase
5 13 (2.55%) IBM
6 12 (2.35%) CA Agile Central
7 11 (2.16%) Atlassian
7 11 (2.16%) CA
7 11 (2.16%) Microsoft
7 11 (2.16%) New Relic
8 10 (1.96%) Murex
9 8 (1.57%) MuleSoft
9 8 (1.57%) Red Hat
10 7 (1.37%) hybris
10 7 (1.37%) Perfecto Mobile
10 7 (1.37%) SolarWinds
10 7 (1.37%) WSO2
11 5 (0.98%) SAP
12 4 (0.78%) VMware
12 4 (0.78%) webMethods