Period
to 7 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 7 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
7 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 228 276 241
Rank change year-on-year +48 -35 -24
Contract jobs citing JUnit 346 796 1,087
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.11% 0.96% 1.16%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.03% 5.01% 5.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 220 525 758
Median daily rate £475 £495 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.04% +1.54% +8.33%
10th Percentile £350 £363 £360
90th Percentile £626 £638 £593
UK median daily rate £475 £488 £475
% change year-on-year -2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 10
Median hourly rate £46.25 £40.84 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.26% -9.26% +8.43%
10th Percentile £35.00 £36.17 £36.18
90th Percentile £60.28 £45.50 £75.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year - -22.22% +8.43%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 5,739 15,882 19,151
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.37% 19.11% 20.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,745 10,484 13,268
Median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £331 £338 £325
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £470
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.06% +6.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 119 234 206
Median hourly rate £44.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.22% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £24.93 £21.25 £26.38
90th Percentile £58.40 £55.00 £54.38
Median hourly rate £42.75 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -2.84% +3.53% +0.59%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 7 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +83 199 £525 - 28
North of England +62 63 £450 -4.76% 14
North West +71 35 £450 - 6
South East +118 27 £475 +5.56% 12
Midlands +45 22 £358 -20.48% 1
Yorkshire +56 20 £500 +5.26% 8
South West +27 20 £500 - 7
East of England +43 13 £400 -23.81% 4
West Midlands +32 12 £420 -6.67% 1
East Midlands +44 10 £315 -28.00%
North East +4 8 £511 +7.58%
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 7 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 257 (74.28%) Agile Software Development
2 255 (73.70%) Java
3 166 (47.98%) Git (software)
4 161 (46.53%) Jenkins
5 153 (44.22%) DevOps
6 150 (43.35%) Spring
7 136 (39.31%) Maven
8 129 (37.28%) Test Automation
9 118 (34.10%) Scrum
10 115 (33.24%) Mockito
10 115 (33.24%) Continuous Integration
11 114 (32.95%) TDD
12 105 (30.35%) AWS
12 105 (30.35%) Cucumber
13 102 (29.48%) Docker
14 101 (29.19%) SQL
15 94 (27.17%) REST
16 93 (26.88%) JavaScript
17 86 (24.86%) Spring Boot
18 84 (24.28%) GitHub
19 83 (23.99%) Finance
20 79 (22.83%) Selenium
20 79 (22.83%) Microservices
21 78 (22.54%) Web Services
22 73 (21.10%) RESTful
23 72 (20.81%) JIRA
24 69 (19.94%) Kanban
25 68 (19.65%) Linux
26 66 (19.08%) Banking
26 66 (19.08%) QA

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (15.03%) Confluence
2 33 (9.54%) Tomcat
3 23 (6.65%) Mule
4 18 (5.20%) JBoss
5 14 (4.05%) Apache
5 14 (4.05%) Cloud Foundry
6 10 (2.89%) WebLogic
6 10 (2.89%) WebSphere
7 9 (2.60%) Apache Spark
7 9 (2.60%) SharePoint
8 8 (2.31%) Red Hat Fuse
9 5 (1.45%) Elasticsearch
9 5 (1.45%) GlassFish
9 5 (1.45%) WebSphere Application Server
10 4 (1.16%) Anypoint
10 4 (1.16%) JCAPS
11 2 (0.58%) nginx
11 2 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 1 (0.29%) Apache Airflow
12 1 (0.29%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 4 (1.16%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.87%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.29%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 105 (30.35%) AWS
2 84 (24.28%) GitHub
3 50 (14.45%) Azure
4 19 (5.49%) Coveralls
4 19 (5.49%) OpenShift
5 18 (5.20%) Slack
6 17 (4.91%) Amazon EC2
7 16 (4.62%) AWS Lambda
7 16 (4.62%) npm
7 16 (4.62%) Serverless
8 14 (4.05%) AWS CloudFormation
8 14 (4.05%) GCP
9 11 (3.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 10 (2.89%) AWS CloudTrail
10 10 (2.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 9 (2.60%) Apigee
12 8 (2.31%) Amazon S3
12 8 (2.31%) PaaS
13 7 (2.02%) Amazon SQS
13 7 (2.02%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 33 (9.54%) HTTP
2 27 (7.80%) DNS
3 17 (4.91%) SSL
3 17 (4.91%) TCP/IP
4 11 (3.18%) Firewall
4 11 (3.18%) FTP
5 10 (2.89%) HTTPS
6 8 (2.31%) Reverse Proxy
7 7 (2.02%) RTMP
8 4 (1.16%) LAN
9 3 (0.87%) AMQP
9 3 (0.87%) DHCP
9 3 (0.87%) Internet
9 3 (0.87%) Skype
9 3 (0.87%) WAN
10 1 (0.29%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (15.61%) NoSQL
1 54 (15.61%) Relational Database
2 41 (11.85%) SQL Server
3 30 (8.67%) MongoDB
4 27 (7.80%) PostgreSQL
5 24 (6.94%) RDBMS
6 21 (6.07%) MySQL
7 19 (5.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 9 (2.60%) Amazon RDS
8 9 (2.60%) Big Data
8 9 (2.60%) Hadoop
9 7 (2.02%) Redis
10 6 (1.73%) Azure SQL Database
11 5 (1.45%) Data Warehouse
11 5 (1.45%) DB2
11 5 (1.45%) Power BI
11 5 (1.45%) Snowflake Schema
12 4 (1.16%) Cosmos DB
12 4 (1.16%) DB2 UDB
12 4 (1.16%) ZAP BI
Development Applications
1 166 (47.98%) Git (software)
2 161 (46.53%) Jenkins
3 136 (39.31%) Maven
4 115 (33.24%) Mockito
5 105 (30.35%) Cucumber
6 79 (22.83%) Selenium
7 72 (20.81%) JIRA
8 61 (17.63%) Gradle
9 48 (13.87%) SonarQube
10 38 (10.98%) Subversion
11 32 (9.25%) GitLab
12 28 (8.09%) jMock
13 26 (7.51%) JMeter
14 22 (6.36%) Bitbucket
14 22 (6.36%) git-flow
14 22 (6.36%) SoapUI
15 20 (5.78%) TeamCity
16 19 (5.49%) Bitbucket Server
16 19 (5.49%) Sonatype Nexus
17 18 (5.20%) DbUnit
General
1 83 (23.99%) Finance
2 66 (19.08%) Banking
3 35 (10.12%) Investment Banking
4 23 (6.65%) Public Sector
5 13 (3.76%) Front Office
6 4 (1.16%) Back Office
6 4 (1.16%) Marketing
7 3 (0.87%) Legal
7 3 (0.87%) Police
8 2 (0.58%) Retail
8 2 (0.58%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.29%) Advertising
9 1 (0.29%) Electronics
9 1 (0.29%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 216 (62.43%) Developer
2 126 (36.42%) Java Developer
3 38 (10.98%) Android Developer
4 21 (6.07%) Full Stack Developer
4 21 (6.07%) Tester
5 19 (5.49%) SC Cleared Java Developer
5 19 (5.49%) Senior Developer
6 17 (4.91%) Java Engineer
7 16 (4.62%) AWS Engineer
7 16 (4.62%) DevOps Engineer
7 16 (4.62%) Test Engineer
8 15 (4.34%) Senior Java Developer
9 14 (4.05%) Software Engineer
10 13 (3.76%) Automation Tester
11 11 (3.18%) Analyst
11 11 (3.18%) Android Engineer
11 11 (3.18%) Java Software Developer
12 10 (2.89%) Software Test Engineer
13 9 (2.60%) Cloud Engineer
14 8 (2.31%) Developer in Test
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 150 (43.35%) Spring
2 94 (27.17%) REST
3 86 (24.86%) Spring Boot
4 78 (22.54%) Web Services
5 73 (21.10%) RESTful
6 55 (15.90%) SOAP
7 53 (15.32%) AngularJS
8 50 (14.45%) XML
9 48 (13.87%) Node.js
10 46 (13.29%) JSON
11 44 (12.72%) Hibernate
12 41 (11.85%) HTML
13 38 (10.98%) Retrofit
14 37 (10.69%) Apache Camel
14 37 (10.69%) CSS
15 36 (10.40%) Material Design
16 35 (10.12%) J2EE
16 35 (10.12%) RxJava
17 33 (9.54%) WireMock
18 30 (8.67%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 31 (8.96%) Mobile App
2 17 (4.91%) Fixed Income
3 15 (4.34%) User Experience
4 12 (3.47%) Mobile Payment
5 10 (2.89%) Credit Risk
5 10 (2.89%) Enterprise Software
6 9 (2.60%) Analytical Skills
7 8 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 7 (2.02%) Data Structures
9 6 (1.73%) Algorithms
10 5 (1.45%) Greenfield Project
10 5 (1.45%) Mainframe
10 5 (1.45%) Management Information System
10 5 (1.45%) Public Cloud
11 4 (1.16%) Clustering
11 4 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
12 3 (0.87%) Virtual Team
13 2 (0.58%) Animation
13 2 (0.58%) FMCG
13 2 (0.58%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 68 (19.65%) Linux
2 64 (18.50%) Android
3 45 (13.01%) Unix
4 27 (7.80%) Windows
5 6 (1.73%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.45%) Solaris
7 4 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (1.16%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.29%) CentOS
8 1 (0.29%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 257 (74.28%) Agile Software Development
2 153 (44.22%) DevOps
3 129 (37.28%) Test Automation
4 118 (34.10%) Scrum
5 115 (33.24%) Continuous Integration
6 114 (32.95%) TDD
7 79 (22.83%) Microservices
8 69 (19.94%) Kanban
9 61 (17.63%) BDD
10 55 (15.90%) Pair Programming
11 54 (15.61%) Android Development
12 52 (15.03%) SDLC
13 42 (12.14%) Software Engineering
14 39 (11.27%) Open Source
15 37 (10.69%) Architectural Design
16 36 (10.40%) Load Balancing
17 33 (9.54%) Unit Testing
18 32 (9.25%) Multithreading
19 28 (8.09%) OO
20 26 (7.51%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 255 (73.70%) Java
2 101 (29.19%) SQL
3 93 (26.88%) JavaScript
4 57 (16.47%) Python
5 54 (15.61%) Java 8
5 54 (15.61%) Kotlin
6 26 (7.51%) Bash Shell
7 19 (5.49%) C#
8 16 (4.62%) ES6
8 16 (4.62%) Shell Script
9 11 (3.18%) Groovy
9 11 (3.18%) PL/SQL
9 11 (3.18%) Scala
10 10 (2.89%) PowerShell
11 7 (2.02%) Perl
12 6 (1.73%) C
13 5 (1.45%) PHP
13 5 (1.45%) Ruby
14 4 (1.16%) Korn
14 4 (1.16%) VB
Qualifications
1 54 (15.61%) Security Cleared
2 39 (11.27%) SC Cleared
3 10 (2.89%) Degree
4 8 (2.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.73%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (1.73%) DBS Check
6 3 (0.87%) ISEB
6 3 (0.87%) ITIL Certification
7 2 (0.58%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.29%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.29%) OCPJP
8 1 (0.29%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
8 1 (0.29%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (19.08%) QA
2 8 (2.31%) Data Quality
3 4 (1.16%) WCAG
4 2 (0.58%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 102 (29.48%) Docker
2 11 (3.18%) Active Directory
3 9 (2.60%) vSphere
4 7 (2.02%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (1.45%) Postfix
6 4 (1.16%) RACF
7 3 (0.87%) NFS
8 1 (0.29%) HDFS
8 1 (0.29%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 44 (12.72%) Kubernetes
2 33 (9.54%) Opscode Chef
3 28 (8.09%) Terraform
4 26 (7.51%) Puppet
5 25 (7.23%) Ansible
6 10 (2.89%) Kibana
7 8 (2.31%) Grafana
8 6 (1.73%) Nagios
9 4 (1.16%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (1.16%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 4 (1.16%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.87%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.58%) logstash
12 1 (0.29%) Control-M
12 1 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.29%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 36 (10.40%) Oracle
2 22 (6.36%) Splunk
3 14 (4.05%) AppDynamics
4 13 (3.76%) Blue Coat
4 13 (3.76%) F5
5 12 (3.47%) Atlassian
5 12 (3.47%) MuleSoft
6 11 (3.18%) Google
7 9 (2.60%) VMware
8 8 (2.31%) Sybase
9 7 (2.02%) IBM
9 7 (2.02%) Murex
9 7 (2.02%) Red Hat
10 5 (1.45%) Databricks
10 5 (1.45%) Microsoft
10 5 (1.45%) NetIQ
10 5 (1.45%) SAP
10 5 (1.45%) Sonatype
11 4 (1.16%) Pega
11 4 (1.16%) Twitter