Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 290 269 252
Rank change year-on-year -21 -17 -22
Contract jobs citing JUnit 368 428 925
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.81% 0.95% 1.11%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.80% 5.23% 5.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 243 305 577
10th Percentile £370 £350 £363
25th Percentile £425 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £638 £625 £650
UK median daily rate £490 £490 £500
% change year-on-year - -2.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 3 7
10th Percentile £58.00 £46.29 £41.05
25th Percentile £59.75 £49.09 £44.09
Median hourly rate £65.52 £57.50 £48.40
Median % change year-on-year +13.95% +18.80% +7.56%
75th Percentile £67.50 £59.63 £55.80
90th Percentile £73.45 £60.60 £64.91
UK median hourly rate £61.50 £57.50 £48.40
% change year-on-year +6.96% +18.80% +7.56%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,674 8,180 17,282
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.91% 18.09% 20.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,139 5,691 11,872
10th Percentile £347 £338 £340
25th Percentile £410 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £644
UK median daily rate £495 £495 £480
% change year-on-year - +3.13% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 151 119 233
10th Percentile £27.50 £18.25 £21.25
25th Percentile £40.00 £40.00 £36.75
Median hourly rate £47.50 £47.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
75th Percentile £56.50 £53.51 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.50 £63.75 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £45.50 £47.50 £44.18
% change year-on-year -4.21% +7.51% +3.95%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -56 237 £525 - 50
South East +28 33 £413 -12.00% 24
North of England +31 32 £475 +11.76% 18
South West +27 17 £505 +6.37% 15
North East +27 14 £495 +9.89% 2
East of England +41 11 £463 -5.61% 5
North West +1 11 £473 +11.18% 12
Yorkshire +35 7 £450 +25.00% 4
Midlands -38 7 £386 -14.17% 8
East Midlands +10 5 £413 +17.86% 4
West Midlands -39 2 £360 -20.00% 4
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 302 (82.07%) Java
2 211 (57.34%) Agile Software Development
3 172 (46.74%) Jenkins
4 151 (41.03%) Spring
5 146 (39.67%) TDD
6 145 (39.40%) Git (software)
7 131 (35.60%) Docker
8 129 (35.05%) Mockito
9 124 (33.70%) Maven
10 118 (32.07%) AWS
11 113 (30.71%) Cucumber
12 111 (30.16%) Microservices
13 108 (29.35%) REST
14 104 (28.26%) JIRA
15 102 (27.72%) JavaScript
15 102 (27.72%) Java 8
16 99 (26.90%) BDD
17 94 (25.54%) Test Automation
18 86 (23.37%) Kubernetes
18 86 (23.37%) DevOps
19 85 (23.10%) XML
20 80 (21.74%) JSON
21 76 (20.65%) Scrum
21 76 (20.65%) Continuous Integration
22 75 (20.38%) Selenium
23 74 (20.11%) Hibernate
23 74 (20.11%) Linux
24 73 (19.84%) GitHub
25 71 (19.29%) RESTful
26 70 (19.02%) Security Cleared

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (17.66%) Confluence
2 31 (8.42%) JBoss
3 30 (8.15%) Tomcat
4 18 (4.89%) Elasticsearch
4 18 (4.89%) Mule
4 18 (4.89%) WebSphere
5 17 (4.62%) Red Hat Fuse
6 11 (2.99%) Jetty
7 10 (2.72%) Apache
7 10 (2.72%) Apache Spark
8 7 (1.90%) WebLogic
9 6 (1.63%) Cloud Foundry
9 6 (1.63%) SharePoint
10 4 (1.09%) GlassFish
10 4 (1.09%) OpenStack
10 4 (1.09%) WebSphere Application Server
11 3 (0.82%) DNN
11 3 (0.82%) FileNet
11 3 (0.82%) Jupyter
11 3 (0.82%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 4 (1.09%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.54%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (1.36%) Adobe Campaign
2 3 (0.82%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.27%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 118 (32.07%) AWS
2 73 (19.84%) GitHub
3 64 (17.39%) Azure
4 32 (8.70%) AWS Lambda
4 32 (8.70%) Serverless
5 24 (6.52%) Amazon S3
5 24 (6.52%) GCP
6 23 (6.25%) OpenShift
7 15 (4.08%) PaaS
8 13 (3.53%) Amazon SQS
9 11 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
9 11 (2.99%) SaaS
9 11 (2.99%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 7 (1.90%) AWS CloudFormation
11 6 (1.63%) Amazon EKS
11 6 (1.63%) Apigee
11 6 (1.63%) AWS CodePipeline
11 6 (1.63%) Firebase
12 5 (1.36%) npm
13 4 (1.09%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 18 (4.89%) HTTP
2 15 (4.08%) HTTPS
3 10 (2.72%) LAN
4 8 (2.17%) DNS
5 7 (1.90%) Internet
6 6 (1.63%) Kerberos
7 5 (1.36%) DMARC
7 5 (1.36%) SMS
7 5 (1.36%) SMTP
8 4 (1.09%) NAS
8 4 (1.09%) TCP/IP
9 3 (0.82%) 2G
10 2 (0.54%) DLNA
10 2 (0.54%) DSL
10 2 (0.54%) FTP
10 2 (0.54%) SSL
10 2 (0.54%) SWIFTNet
10 2 (0.54%) UPnP
10 2 (0.54%) VPN
10 2 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (11.68%) NoSQL
2 40 (10.87%) Relational Database
3 38 (10.33%) MongoDB
4 34 (9.24%) PostgreSQL
5 30 (8.15%) SQL Server
6 23 (6.25%) MySQL
7 13 (3.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 9 (2.45%) RDBMS
9 7 (1.90%) Apache Hive
9 7 (1.90%) Redis
10 6 (1.63%) HBase
10 6 (1.63%) Impala
11 5 (1.36%) CockroachDB
12 4 (1.09%) Amazon Athena
12 4 (1.09%) Amazon RDS
12 4 (1.09%) Geospatial Data
12 4 (1.09%) GIS
12 4 (1.09%) Hadoop
13 3 (0.82%) JasperReports
13 3 (0.82%) SQLPlus
Development Applications
1 172 (46.74%) Jenkins
2 145 (39.40%) Git (software)
3 129 (35.05%) Mockito
4 124 (33.70%) Maven
5 113 (30.71%) Cucumber
6 104 (28.26%) JIRA
7 75 (20.38%) Selenium
8 49 (13.32%) Gradle
9 39 (10.60%) GitLab
9 39 (10.60%) IntelliJ
10 36 (9.78%) SonarQube
11 35 (9.51%) Subversion
12 30 (8.15%) Eclipse
13 28 (7.61%) TestNG
14 27 (7.34%) Postman
15 21 (5.71%) git-flow
16 20 (5.43%) FishEye
17 19 (5.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 18 (4.89%) jMock
18 18 (4.89%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 69 (18.75%) Finance
2 61 (16.58%) Social Skills
3 56 (15.22%) Banking
4 34 (9.24%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (4.89%) Investment Banking
6 16 (4.35%) Public Sector
7 13 (3.53%) Front Office
8 10 (2.72%) Documentation Skills
9 7 (1.90%) Presentation Skills
9 7 (1.90%) Wearables
10 5 (1.36%) Influencing Skills
10 5 (1.36%) Marketing
11 4 (1.09%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.82%) Law
12 3 (0.82%) Retail
12 3 (0.82%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.54%) Back Office
13 2 (0.54%) Electronics
13 2 (0.54%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.54%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 245 (66.58%) Developer
2 159 (43.21%) Java Developer
3 37 (10.05%) Senior Developer
4 34 (9.24%) Senior Java Developer
5 29 (7.88%) Android Developer
6 22 (5.98%) Full Stack Developer
7 18 (4.89%) AWS Developer
8 16 (4.35%) DevOps Engineer
8 16 (4.35%) Integration Developer
8 16 (4.35%) Software Engineer
8 16 (4.35%) Tester
9 15 (4.08%) Java Middleware Developer
9 15 (4.08%) Middleware Developer
10 13 (3.53%) Automation Tester
11 12 (3.26%) Android Engineer
11 12 (3.26%) Architect
11 12 (3.26%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 11 (2.99%) Java Engineer
12 11 (2.99%) JavaScript Developer
13 10 (2.72%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 151 (41.03%) Spring
2 108 (29.35%) REST
3 85 (23.10%) XML
4 80 (21.74%) JSON
5 74 (20.11%) Hibernate
6 71 (19.29%) RESTful
7 63 (17.12%) Web Services
8 58 (15.76%) Spring Boot
9 56 (15.22%) Node.js
10 55 (14.95%) HTML
11 51 (13.86%) AngularJS
12 40 (10.87%) Java EE
13 37 (10.05%) SOAP
14 35 (9.51%) RxJava
15 32 (8.70%) JPA
16 31 (8.42%) JMS
16 31 (8.42%) React
17 29 (7.88%) CSS
17 29 (7.88%) Dagger
18 24 (6.52%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 29 (7.88%) Mobile App
2 27 (7.34%) Algorithms
3 19 (5.16%) Data Structures
4 18 (4.89%) Fixed Income
5 15 (4.08%) Enterprise Software
5 15 (4.08%) Public Cloud
6 14 (3.80%) Animation
6 14 (3.80%) User Experience
7 13 (3.53%) Private Cloud
8 12 (3.26%) Replication
9 10 (2.72%) Client/Server
10 9 (2.45%) Cloud Native
10 9 (2.45%) iPhone
11 8 (2.17%) Hybrid Cloud
12 6 (1.63%) Self-Motivation
13 5 (1.36%) Analytical Mindset
13 5 (1.36%) Greenfield Project
13 5 (1.36%) Marketing Technology
13 5 (1.36%) Mobile Payment
13 5 (1.36%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 74 (20.11%) Linux
2 55 (14.95%) Android
3 39 (10.60%) Unix
4 28 (7.61%) Windows
5 18 (4.89%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.36%) CentOS
7 4 (1.09%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.82%) Debian
8 3 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.82%) VMS
9 2 (0.54%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.27%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 211 (57.34%) Agile Software Development
2 146 (39.67%) TDD
3 111 (30.16%) Microservices
4 99 (26.90%) BDD
5 94 (25.54%) Test Automation
6 86 (23.37%) DevOps
7 76 (20.65%) Continuous Integration
7 76 (20.65%) Scrum
8 56 (15.22%) Continuous Delivery
8 56 (15.22%) Pair Programming
9 54 (14.67%) Software Engineering
10 53 (14.40%) Unit Testing
11 44 (11.96%) Problem-Solving
12 42 (11.41%) MVC
12 42 (11.41%) SDLC
13 41 (11.14%) OO
14 37 (10.05%) Android Development
14 37 (10.05%) Kanban
15 29 (7.88%) Open Source
16 28 (7.61%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 302 (82.07%) Java
2 102 (27.72%) Java 8
2 102 (27.72%) JavaScript
3 64 (17.39%) Python
4 61 (16.58%) SQL
5 40 (10.87%) Kotlin
6 35 (9.51%) Scala
7 30 (8.15%) C++
8 29 (7.88%) Bash Shell
9 25 (6.79%) TypeScript
10 22 (5.98%) PowerShell
11 17 (4.62%) Shell Script
12 11 (2.99%) Apple Swift
12 11 (2.99%) Ruby
13 10 (2.72%) Java 9
13 10 (2.72%) Objective-C
13 10 (2.72%) PL/SQL
14 9 (2.45%) C
15 8 (2.17%) Go
15 8 (2.17%) R
Qualifications
1 70 (19.02%) Security Cleared
2 57 (15.49%) SC Cleared
3 14 (3.80%) Degree
4 7 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.36%) AWS Certification
5 5 (1.36%) DV Cleared
6 4 (1.09%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.82%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.27%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (9.51%) QA
2 6 (1.63%) Data Quality
3 5 (1.36%) GDPR
4 2 (0.54%) ISO 15022
4 2 (0.54%) ISO 20022
4 2 (0.54%) WCAG
5 1 (0.27%) PMO
System Software
1 131 (35.60%) Docker
2 8 (2.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (1.09%) HDFS
4 3 (0.82%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.54%) KVM
6 1 (0.27%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.27%) Postfix
6 1 (0.27%) RHEV
6 1 (0.27%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 86 (23.37%) Kubernetes
2 28 (7.61%) Ansible
3 23 (6.25%) Terraform
4 22 (5.98%) Puppet
5 19 (5.16%) Kibana
6 17 (4.62%) Grafana
7 10 (2.72%) Prometheus
8 8 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (1.90%) logstash
10 6 (1.63%) Consul
11 5 (1.36%) Nagios
12 3 (0.82%) HP ALM
12 3 (0.82%) ZABBIX
13 2 (0.54%) CloudHub
13 2 (0.54%) HP Fortify
13 2 (0.54%) Istio
13 2 (0.54%) Kustomize
14 1 (0.27%) Graphite
14 1 (0.27%) Graylog
14 1 (0.27%) Mesos
Vendors
1 27 (7.34%) Oracle
2 26 (7.07%) Google
3 19 (5.16%) Atlassian
4 15 (4.08%) Sybase
5 12 (3.26%) Adobe
5 12 (3.26%) Microsoft
6 10 (2.72%) Murex
7 9 (2.45%) Red Hat
8 8 (2.17%) Splunk
8 8 (2.17%) VMware
9 7 (1.90%) CA Agile Central
9 7 (1.90%) webMethods
10 6 (1.63%) CA
10 6 (1.63%) Cloudera
11 5 (1.36%) hybris
12 4 (1.09%) IBM
12 4 (1.09%) MuleSoft
12 4 (1.09%) SAP
12 4 (1.09%) Xamarin
13 3 (0.82%) HP