Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 311 232 221
Rank change year-on-year -79 -11 -8
Contract jobs citing JUnit 661 1,146 1,137
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.85% 1.22% 1.25%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.80% 5.81% 6.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 436 785 745
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £352 £325
90th Percentile £625 £600 £625
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 10 30
England median hourly rate £46.67 £42.50 £62.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.81% -32.00% +73.61%
10th Percentile £37.33 £31.07 £35.45
90th Percentile £51.73 £46.59 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £40.84 £42.50 £62.50
% change year-on-year -3.92% -32.00% +73.61%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 13,780 19,740 16,804
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.72% 20.93% 18.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,146 13,618 11,667
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £644 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 181 206 278
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%
10th Percentile £24.00 £25.83 £30.60
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £59.13
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.71% - +3.66%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -79 313 £525 -2.33% 70
North of England +17 107 £491 +15.59% 37
South East -57 73 £430 +1.18% 17
South West -3 68 £500 - 17
Midlands -6 66 £475 +11.76% 8
West Midlands +22 48 £475 +5.56% 4
Yorkshire +48 46 £500 +15.94% 19
North East +33 39 £488 +9.86% 7
East of England +27 33 £475 +5.56% 3
North West -22 22 £456 +9.94% 11
East Midlands -4 18 £469 +16.03% 4
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 556 (84.11%) Java
2 447 (67.62%) Agile Software Development
3 375 (56.73%) Spring
4 363 (54.92%) Jenkins
5 349 (52.80%) Git (software)
6 267 (40.39%) TDD
7 259 (39.18%) Maven
8 243 (36.76%) Scrum
9 230 (34.80%) Mockito
10 214 (32.38%) DevOps
11 210 (31.77%) Microservices
12 205 (31.01%) Web Services
13 203 (30.71%) Test Automation
14 190 (28.74%) JIRA
15 185 (27.99%) AWS
16 182 (27.53%) JavaScript
17 181 (27.38%) SQL
18 177 (26.78%) RESTful
19 175 (26.48%) Continuous Integration
20 171 (25.87%) Spring Boot
21 169 (25.57%) Cucumber
22 168 (25.42%) REST
23 165 (24.96%) BDD
24 154 (23.30%) SOAP
24 154 (23.30%) Docker
25 143 (21.63%) AngularJS
25 143 (21.63%) Selenium
26 135 (20.42%) Java 8
27 125 (18.91%) SonarQube
28 122 (18.46%) JSON

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (14.22%) Confluence
2 79 (11.95%) Tomcat
3 63 (9.53%) Apache
4 54 (8.17%) JBoss
5 26 (3.93%) Mule
6 23 (3.48%) WebSphere
7 21 (3.18%) Elasticsearch
8 19 (2.87%) Cloud Foundry
9 16 (2.42%) WebLogic
10 15 (2.27%) Jetty
11 14 (2.12%) nginx
12 12 (1.82%) Anypoint
12 12 (1.82%) Apache Solr
13 11 (1.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 10 (1.51%) GeoServer
15 8 (1.21%) Apache Spark
15 8 (1.21%) SharePoint
16 7 (1.06%) WebSphere Application Server
17 6 (0.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 4 (0.61%) CoreMedia CMS
Applications
1 4 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.76%) Magento
1 5 (0.76%) Oracle BPM
1 5 (0.76%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.61%) Fredhopper
3 2 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 185 (27.99%) AWS
2 99 (14.98%) Azure
3 69 (10.44%) Amazon EC2
4 67 (10.14%) GitHub
5 39 (5.90%) Slack
6 38 (5.75%) Amazon SQS
7 27 (4.08%) Amazon EKS
7 27 (4.08%) Google Analytics
8 24 (3.63%) Serverless
9 22 (3.33%) OpenShift
10 20 (3.03%) npm
11 18 (2.72%) Amazon S3
12 16 (2.42%) AWS Lambda
13 14 (2.12%) PaaS
14 13 (1.97%) SaaS
15 11 (1.66%) GCP
16 10 (1.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 9 (1.36%) Amazon ELB
17 9 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
18 8 (1.21%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 59 (8.93%) HTTP
2 41 (6.20%) TCP/IP
3 28 (4.24%) SSL
4 22 (3.33%) OpenVPN
5 16 (2.42%) FTP
6 13 (1.97%) HTTPS
7 7 (1.06%) Internet
8 4 (0.61%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.45%) DNS
9 3 (0.45%) VoIP
10 2 (0.30%) CTI
10 2 (0.30%) SSH
10 2 (0.30%) Unified Communications
11 1 (0.15%) BIG-IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 91 (13.77%) PostgreSQL
2 69 (10.44%) MySQL
3 62 (9.38%) NoSQL
4 60 (9.08%) SQL Server
5 52 (7.87%) Amazon RDS
6 45 (6.81%) Relational Database
7 44 (6.66%) Oracle Database
8 41 (6.20%) MongoDB
9 32 (4.84%) RDBMS
10 23 (3.48%) Apache Cassandra
10 23 (3.48%) DB2
11 14 (2.12%) Big Data
12 13 (1.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 11 (1.66%) Azure SQL Database
14 10 (1.51%) GIS
14 10 (1.51%) Redis
15 6 (0.91%) Couchbase
15 6 (0.91%) Hadoop
15 6 (0.91%) HBase
15 6 (0.91%) Infinispan
Development Applications
1 363 (54.92%) Jenkins
2 349 (52.80%) Git (software)
3 259 (39.18%) Maven
4 230 (34.80%) Mockito
5 190 (28.74%) JIRA
6 169 (25.57%) Cucumber
7 143 (21.63%) Selenium
8 125 (18.91%) SonarQube
9 78 (11.80%) jMock
10 71 (10.74%) Gradle
11 66 (9.98%) JMeter
12 64 (9.68%) DbUnit
13 63 (9.53%) Sonatype Nexus
14 53 (8.02%) Eclipse
15 47 (7.11%) Ant
16 45 (6.81%) IntelliJ
17 36 (5.45%) Bitbucket
18 34 (5.14%) Subversion
19 32 (4.84%) GitLab
20 27 (4.08%) WebDriver
General
1 111 (16.79%) Finance
2 70 (10.59%) Banking
3 46 (6.96%) Public Sector
4 34 (5.14%) Retail
5 16 (2.42%) Front Office
6 10 (1.51%) Investment Banking
7 9 (1.36%) Games
7 9 (1.36%) Legal
7 9 (1.36%) Marketing
8 7 (1.06%) Retail Banking
8 7 (1.06%) Telecoms
9 6 (0.91%) Manufacturing
10 4 (0.61%) Advertising
10 4 (0.61%) Publishing
11 3 (0.45%) Electronics
11 3 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.30%) Aerospace
12 2 (0.30%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.30%) Law
12 2 (0.30%) Police
Job Titles
1 480 (72.62%) Developer
2 346 (52.34%) Java Developer
3 52 (7.87%) Senior Developer
4 47 (7.11%) Full Stack Developer
5 45 (6.81%) Senior Java Developer
6 41 (6.20%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 39 (5.90%) DevOps Engineer
8 32 (4.84%) Backend Developer
9 28 (4.24%) Agile Developer
9 28 (4.24%) Agile Java Developer
9 28 (4.24%) Lead Developer
9 28 (4.24%) Lead Java Developer
10 25 (3.78%) Software Developer
11 22 (3.33%) Architect
11 22 (3.33%) Java Engineer
12 21 (3.18%) AWS DevOps
12 21 (3.18%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 17 (2.57%) Test Engineer
14 16 (2.42%) Tester
15 15 (2.27%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 375 (56.73%) Spring
2 205 (31.01%) Web Services
3 177 (26.78%) RESTful
4 171 (25.87%) Spring Boot
5 168 (25.42%) REST
6 154 (23.30%) SOAP
7 143 (21.63%) AngularJS
8 122 (18.46%) JSON
9 116 (17.55%) HTML
10 110 (16.64%) XML
11 108 (16.34%) Node.js
12 107 (16.19%) Hibernate
13 105 (15.89%) CSS
14 80 (12.10%) J2EE
15 79 (11.95%) React
16 70 (10.59%) PowerMock
17 65 (9.83%) Apache Camel
17 65 (9.83%) HTML5
18 59 (8.93%) JPA
19 56 (8.47%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 37 (5.60%) User Experience
2 26 (3.93%) Analytical Skills
2 26 (3.93%) Greenfield Project
3 19 (2.87%) Data Structures
4 17 (2.57%) Algorithms
5 16 (2.42%) Linux Command Line
5 16 (2.42%) Mobile App
5 16 (2.42%) NHS
6 13 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
7 11 (1.66%) Virtual Team
8 9 (1.36%) Equities
8 9 (1.36%) Mainframe
9 7 (1.06%) Cloud Native
10 6 (0.91%) Fixed Income
10 6 (0.91%) Mobile Banking
10 6 (0.91%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (0.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 4 (0.61%) Social Media
13 3 (0.45%) Mashup
13 3 (0.45%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 112 (16.94%) Linux
2 100 (15.13%) Unix
3 33 (4.99%) Windows
4 25 (3.78%) Android
5 19 (2.87%) CentOS
6 12 (1.82%) Apple iOS
7 11 (1.66%) Ubuntu
8 10 (1.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (1.06%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.61%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 447 (67.62%) Agile Software Development
2 267 (40.39%) TDD
3 243 (36.76%) Scrum
4 214 (32.38%) DevOps
5 210 (31.77%) Microservices
6 203 (30.71%) Test Automation
7 175 (26.48%) Continuous Integration
8 165 (24.96%) BDD
9 106 (16.04%) Kanban
10 96 (14.52%) Open Source
11 92 (13.92%) OO
12 84 (12.71%) Unit Testing
13 75 (11.35%) Pair Programming
14 63 (9.53%) E-Commerce
15 49 (7.41%) Problem-Solving
16 45 (6.81%) Mentoring
17 44 (6.66%) Analytics
18 43 (6.51%) Software Engineering
19 40 (6.05%) Continuous Improvement
20 39 (5.90%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 556 (84.11%) Java
2 182 (27.53%) JavaScript
3 181 (27.38%) SQL
4 135 (20.42%) Java 8
5 58 (8.77%) Python
6 43 (6.51%) Scala
7 37 (5.60%) TypeScript
8 35 (5.30%) ES6
9 31 (4.69%) Shell Script
10 28 (4.24%) Kotlin
11 26 (3.93%) Groovy
12 25 (3.78%) C#
13 24 (3.63%) Perl
14 15 (2.27%) Ruby
15 13 (1.97%) Bash Shell
16 12 (1.82%) C
17 11 (1.66%) ES7
18 9 (1.36%) T-SQL
19 8 (1.21%) Korn
19 8 (1.21%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 106 (16.04%) Security Cleared
2 77 (11.65%) SC Cleared
3 20 (3.03%) Degree
4 14 (2.12%) BPSS Clearance
5 12 (1.82%) Sun Certification
6 10 (1.51%) OCPJP
7 7 (1.06%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.91%) DBS Check
9 5 (0.76%) Computer Science Degree
10 2 (0.30%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.30%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.15%) ISEB
11 1 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (6.35%) QA
2 13 (1.97%) WCAG
3 4 (0.61%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.15%) GDPR
5 1 (0.15%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.15%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 154 (23.30%) Docker
2 30 (4.54%) Postfix
2 30 (4.54%) vSphere
3 28 (4.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (1.06%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.76%) RACF
5 5 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.45%) HDFS
7 1 (0.15%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 88 (13.31%) Kubernetes
2 54 (8.17%) Grafana
3 41 (6.20%) Ansible
4 32 (4.84%) Kibana
5 29 (4.39%) Prometheus
6 26 (3.93%) Puppet
7 22 (3.33%) FreeIPA
8 17 (2.57%) Terraform
9 15 (2.27%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.91%) logstash
10 6 (0.91%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 5 (0.76%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 2 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
12 2 (0.30%) Istio
12 2 (0.30%) Mesos
13 1 (0.15%) Apache Slider
13 1 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
13 1 (0.15%) HAProxy
13 1 (0.15%) HP ALM
13 1 (0.15%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 92 (13.92%) Oracle
2 52 (7.87%) Google
3 45 (6.81%) Red Hat
4 33 (4.99%) Splunk
5 32 (4.84%) VMware
6 30 (4.54%) Black Duck
7 25 (3.78%) MuleSoft
8 20 (3.03%) Adobe
9 18 (2.72%) IBM
10 17 (2.57%) Microsoft
11 15 (2.27%) Atlassian
11 15 (2.27%) SAP
12 12 (1.82%) AppDynamics
13 11 (1.66%) F5
13 11 (1.66%) Sun
14 10 (1.51%) Blue Coat
14 10 (1.51%) Sybase
14 10 (1.51%) webMethods
15 7 (1.06%) NetIQ
15 7 (1.06%) Salesforce.com