Period
to 20 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 20 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 218 204 207
Rank change year-on-year -14 +3 +98
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1,136 1,254 1,148
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.26% 1.37% 1.28%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.86% 7.36% 7.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 734 890 731
England median daily rate £513 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.89% - -
10th Percentile £366 £325 £313
90th Percentile £637 £613 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 16 7
England median hourly rate £43.75 £62.50 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +73.61% -28.00%
10th Percentile £34.66 £40.00 £29.05
90th Percentile £50.31 £63.75 £47.25
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year -32.00% +73.61% -28.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,387 17,048 15,019
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.58% 18.62% 16.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,302 12,053 10,036
England median daily rate £488 £470 £434
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.72% +8.33% +5.18%
10th Percentile £331 £313 £305
90th Percentile £635 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £453 £425
% change year-on-year +4.97% +6.47% +5.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 226 220 221
England median hourly rate £42.75 £43.75 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.29% +6.71% +2.50%
10th Percentile £32.04 £29.90 £24.00
90th Percentile £55.00 £62.40 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £43.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +6.10% +2.50%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 20 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 573 £538 +7.50% 104
South East -22 195 £429 -18.33% 56
North of England -43 136 £450 +6.51% 43
Midlands +7 114 £450 +12.50% 24
North West -1 87 £450 +12.50% 18
South West +12 78 £488 +14.71% 26
East Midlands +9 58 £500 +19.05% 7
West Midlands -13 52 £450 +12.50% 17
East of England -45 43 £525 +23.53% 10
North East +9 25 £409 -3.88% 3
Yorkshire -69 25 £500 +17.65% 22
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,021 (89.88%) Java
2 810 (71.30%) Agile Software Development
3 647 (56.95%) Spring
4 568 (50.00%) Git (software)
5 563 (49.56%) Jenkins
6 475 (41.81%) TDD
7 467 (41.11%) Maven
8 440 (38.73%) Test Automation
9 420 (36.97%) Scrum
10 411 (36.18%) Continuous Integration
11 399 (35.12%) REST
12 376 (33.10%) BDD
13 349 (30.72%) RESTful
14 333 (29.31%) Mockito
15 329 (28.96%) JIRA
16 319 (28.08%) Web Services
16 319 (28.08%) Microservices
17 293 (25.79%) Java 8
18 283 (24.91%) Docker
18 283 (24.91%) JavaScript
19 282 (24.82%) DevOps
20 274 (24.12%) SQL
21 272 (23.94%) Hibernate
21 272 (23.94%) Selenium
22 267 (23.50%) Cucumber
23 242 (21.30%) Spring Boot
24 234 (20.60%) Open Source
25 231 (20.33%) Amazon AWS
26 230 (20.25%) Linux
27 224 (19.72%) Confluence

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 224 (19.72%) Confluence
2 104 (9.15%) JBoss
3 102 (8.98%) Tomcat
4 95 (8.36%) Apache
5 65 (5.72%) Elasticsearch
6 55 (4.84%) WebLogic
7 53 (4.67%) WildFly
8 47 (4.14%) nginx
9 32 (2.82%) WebSphere
10 30 (2.64%) Mule
11 29 (2.55%) SharePoint
12 27 (2.38%) Apache Spark
13 25 (2.20%) Apache Solr
14 19 (1.67%) Cloud Foundry
15 16 (1.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 9 (0.79%) Anypoint
16 9 (0.79%) Jetty
17 6 (0.53%) GlassFish
18 5 (0.44%) CMS
18 5 (0.44%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 4 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.088%) HipChat
2 1 (0.088%) InVision
2 1 (0.088%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (1.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.53%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.26%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.088%) Global One
4 1 (0.088%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.088%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 231 (20.33%) Amazon AWS
2 81 (7.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 80 (7.04%) GitHub
4 76 (6.69%) Amazon EC2
5 38 (3.35%) Google Analytics
6 29 (2.55%) npm
7 27 (2.38%) Google Cloud Platform
8 20 (1.76%) Serverless
9 19 (1.67%) Amazon S3
10 17 (1.50%) BrowserStack
10 17 (1.50%) Slack
11 16 (1.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 16 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
12 14 (1.23%) PaaS
13 10 (0.88%) Amazon ElastiCache
13 10 (0.88%) Amazon SQS
13 10 (0.88%) CloudFront
14 9 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
14 9 (0.79%) IaaS
14 9 (0.79%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 153 (13.47%) HTTP
2 65 (5.72%) TCP/IP
3 50 (4.40%) SSL
4 17 (1.50%) OpenVPN
5 12 (1.06%) Internet
6 9 (0.79%) DSL
7 8 (0.70%) DNS
8 6 (0.53%) OpenLDAP
8 6 (0.53%) SSH
9 5 (0.44%) AMQP
9 5 (0.44%) DLNA
9 5 (0.44%) FTP
9 5 (0.44%) UPnP
9 5 (0.44%) Wi-Fi
10 3 (0.26%) DVB
10 3 (0.26%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.26%) SMTP
10 3 (0.26%) SNMP
11 2 (0.18%) BIG-IP
11 2 (0.18%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 178 (15.67%) Relational Database
2 139 (12.24%) NoSQL
3 130 (11.44%) MongoDB
4 98 (8.63%) PostgreSQL
5 88 (7.75%) MySQL
5 88 (7.75%) SQL Server
6 59 (5.19%) RDBMS
7 37 (3.26%) Redis
8 35 (3.08%) Apache Cassandra
9 25 (2.20%) Hadoop
10 23 (2.02%) Oracle Database
11 22 (1.94%) DB2
12 20 (1.76%) Big Data
13 19 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
14 14 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 13 (1.14%) BigQuery
16 12 (1.06%) Apache Hive
17 11 (0.97%) HBase
18 10 (0.88%) Apache Kudu
18 10 (0.88%) Impala
Development Applications
1 568 (50.00%) Git (software)
2 563 (49.56%) Jenkins
3 467 (41.11%) Maven
4 333 (29.31%) Mockito
5 329 (28.96%) JIRA
6 272 (23.94%) Selenium
7 267 (23.50%) Cucumber
8 184 (16.20%) SonarQube
9 169 (14.88%) Subversion
10 128 (11.27%) Gradle
11 118 (10.39%) Eclipse
12 103 (9.07%) jMock
13 95 (8.36%) IntelliJ
14 83 (7.31%) Gatling
15 81 (7.13%) JMeter
16 80 (7.04%) DbUnit
17 77 (6.78%) Ant
18 73 (6.43%) Hudson
19 63 (5.55%) Vagrant
20 62 (5.46%) TeamCity
General
1 133 (11.71%) Finance
2 112 (9.86%) Banking
3 50 (4.40%) Front Office
4 46 (4.05%) Investment Banking
5 42 (3.70%) Retail
6 20 (1.76%) Games
7 15 (1.32%) Marketing
8 10 (0.88%) Electronics
9 8 (0.70%) Advertising
10 6 (0.53%) Wholesale Banking
11 5 (0.44%) Publishing
11 5 (0.44%) Telecoms
12 4 (0.35%) Back Office
12 4 (0.35%) Legal
12 4 (0.35%) Manufacturing
13 3 (0.26%) Aerospace
13 3 (0.26%) Automotive
13 3 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.18%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 852 (75.00%) Developer
2 639 (56.25%) Java Developer
3 100 (8.80%) Agile Developer
4 90 (7.92%) Senior Developer
5 81 (7.13%) Scala Developer
6 79 (6.95%) Senior Java Developer
7 60 (5.28%) Tester
8 51 (4.49%) Full Stack Developer
8 51 (4.49%) Java Engineer
9 44 (3.87%) DevOps Engineer
9 44 (3.87%) Lead Developer
10 43 (3.79%) AWS Developer
11 42 (3.70%) Automation Tester
12 40 (3.52%) Lead Java Developer
13 39 (3.43%) Agile Java Developer
14 37 (3.26%) Software Engineer
15 35 (3.08%) Backend Developer
16 34 (2.99%) SC Cleared Java Developer
17 31 (2.73%) Test Engineer
18 25 (2.20%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 647 (56.95%) Spring
2 399 (35.12%) REST
3 349 (30.72%) RESTful
4 319 (28.08%) Web Services
5 272 (23.94%) Hibernate
6 242 (21.30%) Spring Boot
7 224 (19.72%) JSON
8 204 (17.96%) SOAP
9 201 (17.69%) J2EE
10 195 (17.17%) CSS
11 188 (16.55%) HTML
12 178 (15.67%) AngularJS
13 157 (13.82%) XML
14 141 (12.41%) JMS
15 137 (12.06%) Node.js
16 124 (10.92%) Spring MVC
17 119 (10.48%) HTML5
18 115 (10.12%) Java EE
19 114 (10.04%) Play Framework
20 111 (9.77%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 65 (5.72%) Greenfield Project
2 56 (4.93%) Linux Command Line
3 54 (4.75%) Analytical Skills
4 32 (2.82%) Data Structures
5 29 (2.55%) Fixed Income
6 28 (2.46%) Fintech
7 25 (2.20%) Algorithms
7 25 (2.20%) User Experience
8 23 (2.02%) NHS
9 19 (1.67%) Mobile App
9 19 (1.67%) Virtual Team
10 13 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
11 11 (0.97%) Equities
12 9 (0.79%) N-Tier
13 7 (0.62%) Enterprise Software
13 7 (0.62%) Hybrid Cloud
14 6 (0.53%) iPad
15 5 (0.44%) Analytical Mindset
15 5 (0.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 5 (0.44%) MPEG
Operating Systems
1 230 (20.25%) Linux
2 181 (15.93%) Unix
3 73 (6.43%) Windows
4 58 (5.11%) VMS
5 43 (3.79%) Ubuntu
6 30 (2.64%) Android
7 14 (1.23%) Apple iOS
8 10 (0.88%) CentOS
9 9 (0.79%) Solaris
10 5 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
11 4 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.26%) Android TV
13 2 (0.18%) Windows Server
14 1 (0.088%) RancherOS
14 1 (0.088%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 810 (71.30%) Agile Software Development
2 475 (41.81%) TDD
3 440 (38.73%) Test Automation
4 420 (36.97%) Scrum
5 411 (36.18%) Continuous Integration
6 376 (33.10%) BDD
7 319 (28.08%) Microservices
8 282 (24.82%) DevOps
9 234 (20.60%) Open Source
10 202 (17.78%) Kanban
11 165 (14.52%) MVC
12 159 (14.00%) Problem-Solving
13 156 (13.73%) OO
13 156 (13.73%) Unit Testing
14 131 (11.53%) Configuration Management
15 121 (10.65%) E-Commerce
16 118 (10.39%) Pair Programming
17 98 (8.63%) Software Engineering
18 92 (8.10%) OWASP
19 82 (7.22%) Dependency Injection
Programming Languages
1 1,021 (89.88%) Java
2 293 (25.79%) Java 8
3 283 (24.91%) JavaScript
4 274 (24.12%) SQL
5 151 (13.29%) Scala
6 112 (9.86%) Ruby
7 106 (9.33%) Python
8 89 (7.83%) C#
9 87 (7.66%) Groovy
10 51 (4.49%) JPQL
11 43 (3.79%) Perl
12 39 (3.43%) Haskell
13 33 (2.90%) Shell Script
14 29 (2.55%) C++
15 27 (2.38%) PL/SQL
16 23 (2.02%) Kotlin
17 21 (1.85%) Bash Shell
18 19 (1.67%) C
19 16 (1.41%) TypeScript
20 13 (1.14%) PHP
Qualifications
1 109 (9.60%) Security Cleared
2 86 (7.57%) BPSS Clearance
3 80 (7.04%) SC Cleared
4 72 (6.34%) Degree
5 21 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (1.14%) DV Cleared
7 11 (0.97%) ISTQB
8 8 (0.70%) DBS Check
9 7 (0.62%) Sun Certification
10 6 (0.53%) OCPJP
11 5 (0.44%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.35%) ISEB
13 3 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
13 3 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 2 (0.18%) AWS Certification
14 2 (0.18%) BC Cleared
14 2 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
15 1 (0.088%) PMI Certification
15 1 (0.088%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 103 (9.07%) QA
2 10 (0.88%) PMO
2 10 (0.88%) WCAG
3 7 (0.62%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.44%) HL7
5 3 (0.26%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.088%) ECSS
6 1 (0.088%) GDPR
6 1 (0.088%) MIL-STD-1553
System Software
1 283 (24.91%) Docker
2 57 (5.02%) vSphere
3 54 (4.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (1.32%) HDFS
5 12 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.70%) Active Directory
6 8 (0.70%) vCloud
7 6 (0.53%) Postfix
7 6 (0.53%) Squid
8 2 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.088%) ACF2
9 1 (0.088%) IAG
9 1 (0.088%) RACF
Systems Management
1 102 (8.98%) Ansible
2 99 (8.71%) Kubernetes
3 90 (7.92%) Puppet
4 68 (5.99%) Kibana
5 63 (5.55%) Grafana
6 49 (4.31%) Opscode Chef
7 40 (3.52%) Terraform
8 29 (2.55%) Prometheus
9 25 (2.20%) logstash
10 24 (2.11%) Rancher
11 11 (0.97%) FreeIPA
12 8 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
13 6 (0.53%) ZABBIX
14 5 (0.44%) Control-M
14 5 (0.44%) Oozie
14 5 (0.44%) Packer
14 5 (0.44%) Rsyslog
14 5 (0.44%) Sysdig
15 4 (0.35%) CloudHub
15 4 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 146 (12.85%) Google
2 111 (9.77%) Oracle
3 66 (5.81%) VMware
4 52 (4.58%) Microsoft
5 44 (3.87%) Adobe
6 37 (3.26%) webMethods
7 35 (3.08%) Splunk
8 32 (2.82%) Atlassian
9 28 (2.46%) Sybase
10 26 (2.29%) MuleSoft
11 22 (1.94%) IBM
12 17 (1.50%) SAP
13 15 (1.32%) AppDynamics
14 13 (1.14%) Black Duck
15 8 (0.70%) HP
15 8 (0.70%) Red Hat
16 7 (0.62%) Apple
16 7 (0.62%) CA Agile Central
16 7 (0.62%) hybris
16 7 (0.62%) Perforce