Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 403 291 293
Rank change year-on-year -112 +2 -58
Contract jobs citing JUnit 407 304 567
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.58% 0.87% 0.87%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.29% 5.13% 5.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 261 184 402
10th Percentile £406 £351 £366
25th Percentile £463 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £485 £500
Median % change year-on-year +13.40% -3.00% -
75th Percentile £653 £550 £575
90th Percentile £750 £625 £610
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 4 3
10th Percentile £52.74 £46.80 -
25th Percentile £54.85 £54.00 £44.43
Median hourly rate £65.50 £58.00 £48.85
Median % change year-on-year +12.93% +18.73% +8.56%
75th Percentile £68.25 - £53.28
90th Percentile £85.00 - -
UK median hourly rate £65.54 £58.00 £48.85
% change year-on-year +13.00% +18.73% +11.66%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 12,378 5,926 11,196
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.72% 17.02% 17.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,642 4,068 7,715
10th Percentile £385 £324 £325
25th Percentile £450 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% - -2.56%
75th Percentile £650 £563 £575
90th Percentile £738 £638 £650
UK median daily rate £540 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +13.68% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 192 132 137
10th Percentile £36.65 £30.19 £16.20
25th Percentile £39.75 £40.94 £20.50
Median hourly rate £51.64 £45.25 £44.50
Median % change year-on-year +14.11% +1.69% +2.30%
75th Percentile £64.75 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £75.00 £61.25 £75.30
UK median hourly rate £50.77 £45.00 £44.75
% change year-on-year +12.82% +0.56% +1.80%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -94 264 £600 +20.00% 87
South West -19 32 £450 -12.20% 21
North of England -94 32 £500 +11.11% 24
South East -49 23 £531 +33.65% 11
North West -43 19 £500 +3.09% 16
Midlands -57 15 £498 +46.32% 6
East Midlands -21 11 £515 +63.49% 3
East of England -48 8 £585 +17.00% 8
North East -8 7 £500 +5.26% 4
Yorkshire -73 6 £413 -8.33% 4
West Midlands -50 4 £495 -1.00% 3
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 355 (87.22%) Java
2 241 (59.21%) Agile Software Development
3 216 (53.07%) Spring
4 194 (47.67%) Jenkins
5 184 (45.21%) Git (software)
6 160 (39.31%) CI/CD
7 156 (38.33%) REST
8 155 (38.08%) Maven
9 146 (35.87%) TDD
10 142 (34.89%) Microservices
10 142 (34.89%) Spring Boot
11 141 (34.64%) Test Automation
12 128 (31.45%) Docker
13 127 (31.20%) Mockito
14 118 (28.99%) AWS
14 118 (28.99%) DevOps
15 117 (28.75%) Java 8
16 115 (28.26%) Scrum
17 107 (26.29%) SQL
18 104 (25.55%) Cucumber
19 100 (24.57%) Linux
20 97 (23.83%) Web Services
20 97 (23.83%) JavaScript
21 92 (22.60%) Software Engineering
21 92 (22.60%) Selenium
22 79 (19.41%) Unit Testing
23 76 (18.67%) Azure
24 73 (17.94%) JIRA
24 73 (17.94%) Social Skills
25 72 (17.69%) Finance

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (13.02%) Confluence
2 33 (8.11%) Tomcat
3 30 (7.37%) Elasticsearch
4 27 (6.63%) JBoss
5 20 (4.91%) Mule
6 17 (4.18%) Red Hat Fuse
7 15 (3.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 14 (3.44%) CMS
9 11 (2.70%) Apache
10 9 (2.21%) Apache Spark
10 9 (2.21%) GemFire
11 6 (1.47%) Apache Pulsar
11 6 (1.47%) Jetty
11 6 (1.47%) WebSphere
12 5 (1.23%) OpenStack
12 5 (1.23%) WebLogic
13 4 (0.98%) Headless CMS
13 4 (0.98%) Magnolia
14 3 (0.74%) Oracle Coherence
14 3 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 2 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
1 2 (0.49%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.74%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.49%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.49%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 118 (28.99%) AWS
2 76 (18.67%) Azure
3 59 (14.50%) GitHub
4 44 (10.81%) GCP
5 19 (4.67%) Serverless
6 17 (4.18%) AWS Lambda
7 15 (3.69%) BrowserStack
7 15 (3.69%) Sauce Labs
8 13 (3.19%) Amazon S3
9 11 (2.70%) OpenShift
10 10 (2.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 9 (2.21%) Amazon SQS
11 9 (2.21%) SaaS
12 8 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
13 7 (1.72%) AWS CloudFormation
13 7 (1.72%) Azure Service Bus
14 6 (1.47%) dbt
14 6 (1.47%) GitHub Actions
14 6 (1.47%) Slack
14 6 (1.47%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 37 (9.09%) HTTP
2 5 (1.23%) Wireshark
3 3 (0.74%) LAN
4 2 (0.49%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.49%) Internet
5 1 (0.25%) 2G
5 1 (0.25%) DLNA
5 1 (0.25%) DNS
5 1 (0.25%) SSH
5 1 (0.25%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.25%) UPnP
5 1 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (16.22%) NoSQL
2 55 (13.51%) MongoDB
3 54 (13.27%) Relational Database
4 45 (11.06%) PostgreSQL
5 42 (10.32%) MySQL
6 31 (7.62%) SQL Server
7 29 (7.13%) Apache Cassandra
8 22 (5.41%) Redis
9 16 (3.93%) RDBMS
10 15 (3.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 15 (3.69%) Oracle Database
11 11 (2.70%) Big Data
11 11 (2.70%) InterSystems Cache
12 8 (1.97%) HBase
12 8 (1.97%) Neo4j
13 7 (1.72%) Amazon Redshift
14 6 (1.47%) BigQuery
15 5 (1.23%) Cloudant
15 5 (1.23%) Hadoop
16 4 (0.98%) Spark SQL
Development Applications
1 194 (47.67%) Jenkins
2 184 (45.21%) Git (software)
3 155 (38.08%) Maven
4 127 (31.20%) Mockito
5 104 (25.55%) Cucumber
6 92 (22.60%) Selenium
7 73 (17.94%) JIRA
8 44 (10.81%) Bitbucket
9 43 (10.57%) Gradle
10 42 (10.32%) GitLab
11 39 (9.58%) JMeter
12 38 (9.34%) SonarQube
13 36 (8.85%) Subversion
14 33 (8.11%) Postman
15 26 (6.39%) SoapUI
16 24 (5.90%) jMock
16 24 (5.90%) TestNG
17 23 (5.65%) Sonatype Nexus
18 19 (4.67%) Jasmine
19 18 (4.42%) WebDriver
General
1 73 (17.94%) Social Skills
2 72 (17.69%) Finance
3 45 (11.06%) Banking
4 28 (6.88%) Investment Banking
5 25 (6.14%) Front Office
6 19 (4.67%) Public Sector
7 18 (4.42%) Marketing
8 15 (3.69%) Presentation Skills
8 15 (3.69%) Retail
9 7 (1.72%) Analytical Skills
9 7 (1.72%) Electronics
10 5 (1.23%) Documentation Skills
10 5 (1.23%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.74%) Back Office
12 2 (0.49%) Automotive
12 2 (0.49%) Influencing Skills
13 1 (0.25%) Games
13 1 (0.25%) Legal
13 1 (0.25%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 279 (68.55%) Developer
2 197 (48.40%) Java Developer
3 50 (12.29%) Senior Developer
4 38 (9.34%) Senior Java Developer
5 21 (5.16%) Architect
5 21 (5.16%) Full Stack Developer
5 21 (5.16%) Software Developer
6 20 (4.91%) DevOps Engineer
7 15 (3.69%) Integration Developer
7 15 (3.69%) Tester
8 14 (3.44%) Java Engineer
9 13 (3.19%) Automation Tester
9 13 (3.19%) Java Middleware Developer
9 13 (3.19%) Middleware Developer
9 13 (3.19%) Software Engineer
10 12 (2.95%) Android Developer
10 12 (2.95%) Java Software Developer
11 11 (2.70%) Backend Developer
12 10 (2.46%) Test Engineer
13 9 (2.21%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 216 (53.07%) Spring
2 156 (38.33%) REST
3 142 (34.89%) Spring Boot
4 97 (23.83%) Web Services
5 70 (17.20%) Hibernate
6 69 (16.95%) CSS
7 61 (14.99%) Kafka
8 60 (14.74%) RESTful
9 51 (12.53%) HTML
10 48 (11.79%) Node.js
11 47 (11.55%) JSON
12 45 (11.06%) AngularJS
12 45 (11.06%) SOAP
13 43 (10.57%) React
14 36 (8.85%) JMS
15 35 (8.60%) Apache Camel
16 34 (8.35%) XML
17 32 (7.86%) JPA
18 29 (7.13%) J2EE
19 26 (6.39%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 20 (4.91%) Algorithms
2 16 (3.93%) Mobile App
3 13 (3.19%) Data Structures
3 13 (3.19%) User Experience
4 12 (2.95%) Social Media
5 11 (2.70%) N-Tier
6 8 (1.97%) Greenfield Project
7 7 (1.72%) Data Protection Act
7 7 (1.72%) Replication
8 6 (1.47%) Credit Risk
8 6 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (1.47%) Management Information System
9 5 (1.23%) Cloud Native
9 5 (1.23%) Legacy Code
9 5 (1.23%) Legacy Systems
9 5 (1.23%) PKI
9 5 (1.23%) Public Cloud
9 5 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (0.98%) Blog
10 4 (0.98%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 100 (24.57%) Linux
2 31 (7.62%) Windows
3 22 (5.41%) Android
4 21 (5.16%) Unix
5 14 (3.44%) Apple iOS
5 14 (3.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.49%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.49%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.25%) Debian
7 1 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
7 1 (0.25%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.25%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 241 (59.21%) Agile Software Development
2 160 (39.31%) CI/CD
3 146 (35.87%) TDD
4 142 (34.89%) Microservices
5 141 (34.64%) Test Automation
6 118 (28.99%) DevOps
7 115 (28.26%) Scrum
8 92 (22.60%) Software Engineering
9 79 (19.41%) Unit Testing
10 66 (16.22%) BDD
11 63 (15.48%) Continuous Integration
12 42 (10.32%) Multithreading
13 41 (10.07%) Open Source
14 40 (9.83%) OO
15 39 (9.58%) Full Stack Development
16 37 (9.09%) Software Testing
17 35 (8.60%) Problem-Solving
17 35 (8.60%) SDLC
18 32 (7.86%) Kanban
19 31 (7.62%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 355 (87.22%) Java
2 117 (28.75%) Java 8
3 107 (26.29%) SQL
4 97 (23.83%) JavaScript
5 63 (15.48%) Java 11
6 41 (10.07%) Python
7 39 (9.58%) Shell Script
8 26 (6.39%) Scala
9 22 (5.41%) Kotlin
10 21 (5.16%) Bash
11 18 (4.42%) PL/SQL
12 17 (4.18%) C#
13 15 (3.69%) Groovy
14 13 (3.19%) TypeScript
15 9 (2.21%) Ruby
16 6 (1.47%) C++
17 4 (0.98%) C
18 3 (0.74%) ES6
18 3 (0.74%) R
19 2 (0.49%) Go
Qualifications
1 40 (9.83%) Security Cleared
2 34 (8.35%) SC Cleared
3 20 (4.91%) Degree
4 11 (2.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.97%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (1.72%) ISTQB
6 7 (1.72%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 3 (0.74%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.49%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.25%) ISEB
9 1 (0.25%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (8.11%) QA
2 26 (6.39%) Accessibility
3 8 (1.97%) WCAG
4 2 (0.49%) GDPR
4 2 (0.49%) PMBOK
System Software
1 128 (31.45%) Docker
2 4 (0.98%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.74%) HDFS
4 2 (0.49%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.49%) Postfix
5 1 (0.25%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 70 (17.20%) Kubernetes
2 35 (8.60%) Ansible
3 32 (7.86%) Terraform
4 29 (7.13%) Kibana
5 17 (4.18%) Grafana
6 14 (3.44%) logstash
7 13 (3.19%) Opscode Chef
7 13 (3.19%) Puppet
8 11 (2.70%) Graphite
9 10 (2.46%) Prometheus
10 9 (2.21%) Nagios
11 7 (1.72%) ZABBIX
12 4 (0.98%) Marathon
12 4 (0.98%) Mesos
13 3 (0.74%) Graylog
13 3 (0.74%) Oozie
14 1 (0.25%) Amdocs OSS
14 1 (0.25%) CA Single Sign-On
14 1 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
14 1 (0.25%) Rancher
Vendors
1 64 (15.72%) Oracle
2 21 (5.16%) Google
3 16 (3.93%) Sybase
4 15 (3.69%) Adobe
5 14 (3.44%) Atlassian
5 14 (3.44%) Microsoft
6 13 (3.19%) Red Hat
7 10 (2.46%) AppDynamics
8 9 (2.21%) Perfecto Mobile
9 7 (1.72%) IBM
9 7 (1.72%) New Relic
10 6 (1.47%) Checkmarx
10 6 (1.47%) MuleSoft
10 6 (1.47%) Murex
10 6 (1.47%) Teradata
11 5 (1.23%) ServiceNow
11 5 (1.23%) WSO2
12 3 (0.74%) SAP
12 3 (0.74%) Solace
13 2 (0.49%) webMethods