Period
to 20 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 20 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 231 225 232
Rank change year-on-year -6 +7 +57
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1,068 1,000 1,112
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.17% 1.19% 1.13%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.90% 6.82% 7.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 726 661 779
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +9.76%
10th Percentile £360 £313 £319
90th Percentile £590 £638 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +12.36%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 20 8
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +2.56% +4.00%
10th Percentile £31.63 £35.00 £33.23
90th Percentile £75.00 £63.75 £48.58
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £39.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% +2.56% -13.33%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 18,094 14,655 14,764
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.85% 17.46% 15.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,450 9,947 10,106
England median daily rate £475 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £320 £300 £300
90th Percentile £613 £594 £575
UK median daily rate £467 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +9.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 221 295 293
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% -2.35% +14.74%
10th Percentile £26.50 £24.40 £28.03
90th Percentile £67.25 £54.50 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 20 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 576 £519 +3.75% 134
South East -8 190 £450 -10.00% 28
North of England -55 123 £430 +7.50% 41
Midlands +21 85 £425 - 33
North West +6 62 £420 +5.00% 24
East of England -6 61 £475 +18.75% 23
Yorkshire -21 55 £475 +13.10% 15
West Midlands -3 46 £431 -11.67% 17
East Midlands +14 39 £425 +17.24% 16
South West -9 34 £500 +11.11% 25
North East -56 6 £450 +40.63% 2
South Coast - 2 - -
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 20 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 990 (92.70%) Java
2 722 (67.60%) Agile Software Development
3 607 (56.84%) Spring
4 529 (49.53%) Jenkins
5 511 (47.85%) Git (software)
6 508 (47.57%) TDD
7 412 (38.58%) Maven
8 404 (37.83%) Test Automation
9 376 (35.21%) Scrum
10 366 (34.27%) REST
11 364 (34.08%) Mockito
11 364 (34.08%) Continuous Integration
12 361 (33.80%) RESTful
13 324 (30.34%) JavaScript
14 320 (29.96%) BDD
15 315 (29.49%) Web Services
16 269 (25.19%) JIRA
17 259 (24.25%) Microservices
18 257 (24.06%) SQL
19 249 (23.31%) Cucumber
20 242 (22.66%) Linux
21 238 (22.28%) Java 8
22 229 (21.44%) OO
23 227 (21.25%) Hibernate
24 220 (20.60%) XML
25 216 (20.22%) Selenium
26 211 (19.76%) SOAP
27 205 (19.19%) DevOps
28 202 (18.91%) JSON
29 201 (18.82%) Open Source

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 187 (17.51%) Confluence
2 145 (13.58%) Tomcat
3 137 (12.83%) Apache
4 95 (8.90%) JBoss
5 63 (5.90%) Elasticsearch
6 53 (4.96%) WebLogic
7 52 (4.87%) WebSphere
8 35 (3.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 28 (2.62%) CMS
10 26 (2.43%) WildFly
11 25 (2.34%) Cloud Foundry
12 24 (2.25%) nginx
13 22 (2.06%) Apache Spark
14 21 (1.97%) Mule
15 20 (1.87%) Apache Solr
16 16 (1.50%) Oracle Service Bus
17 14 (1.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 14 (1.31%) Liferay
18 12 (1.12%) Jetty
19 11 (1.03%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 9 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.19%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.19%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.094%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 11 (1.03%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.37%) Magento
2 4 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.094%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.094%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 192 (17.98%) Amazon AWS
2 50 (4.68%) GitHub
3 49 (4.59%) Amazon EC2
4 37 (3.46%) npm
5 33 (3.09%) Slack
6 29 (2.72%) Microsoft Azure
7 19 (1.78%) Google Cloud Platform
7 19 (1.78%) PaaS
8 15 (1.40%) AWS Lambda
9 14 (1.31%) OpenShift
10 12 (1.12%) Amazon S3
10 12 (1.12%) Sauce Labs
11 11 (1.03%) BrowserStack
12 10 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 10 (0.94%) Serverless
13 8 (0.75%) IaaS
14 7 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
15 6 (0.56%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 6 (0.56%) CloudFront
16 5 (0.47%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 95 (8.90%) HTTP
2 38 (3.56%) TCP/IP
3 17 (1.59%) Internet
4 11 (1.03%) SSL
5 8 (0.75%) SMTP
6 6 (0.56%) FTP
7 5 (0.47%) AMQP
7 5 (0.47%) DNS
7 5 (0.47%) SMS
8 4 (0.37%) Firewall
8 4 (0.37%) OpenLDAP
8 4 (0.37%) OpenVPN
8 4 (0.37%) SSH
9 3 (0.28%) DHCP
10 2 (0.19%) Broadband
10 2 (0.19%) DSL
10 2 (0.19%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.19%) LAN
10 2 (0.19%) RTMP
10 2 (0.19%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 190 (17.79%) Relational Database
2 173 (16.20%) NoSQL
3 151 (14.14%) MongoDB
4 146 (13.67%) MySQL
5 132 (12.36%) PostgreSQL
6 113 (10.58%) RDBMS
7 74 (6.93%) Apache Cassandra
8 67 (6.27%) SQL Server
9 51 (4.78%) Big Data
10 42 (3.93%) Hadoop
11 31 (2.90%) Apache Hive
12 27 (2.53%) Redis
13 26 (2.43%) HBase
13 26 (2.43%) Oracle Database
14 17 (1.59%) DB2
15 16 (1.50%) Oracle Database 11g
16 13 (1.22%) Data Warehouse
16 13 (1.22%) Hazelcast
17 12 (1.12%) Endeca
18 11 (1.03%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 529 (49.53%) Jenkins
2 511 (47.85%) Git (software)
3 412 (38.58%) Maven
4 364 (34.08%) Mockito
5 269 (25.19%) JIRA
6 249 (23.31%) Cucumber
7 216 (20.22%) Selenium
8 185 (17.32%) Gradle
9 146 (13.67%) Subversion
10 126 (11.80%) SonarQube
11 122 (11.42%) Eclipse
12 112 (10.49%) IntelliJ
13 76 (7.12%) jMock
14 75 (7.02%) SoapUI
15 67 (6.27%) TestNG
16 64 (5.99%) Bitbucket
17 60 (5.62%) Ant
18 58 (5.43%) DbUnit
18 58 (5.43%) WebDriver
19 56 (5.24%) JMeter
General
1 141 (13.20%) Finance
2 98 (9.18%) Banking
3 41 (3.84%) Retail
4 29 (2.72%) Investment Banking
5 23 (2.15%) Telecoms
6 18 (1.69%) Electronics
6 18 (1.69%) Front Office
7 17 (1.59%) Marketing
8 12 (1.12%) Publishing
9 10 (0.94%) Games
10 8 (0.75%) Automotive
11 6 (0.56%) Financial Institution
11 6 (0.56%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.28%) Advertising
12 3 (0.28%) Back Office
12 3 (0.28%) Legal
12 3 (0.28%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.094%) Avionics
13 1 (0.094%) Law
13 1 (0.094%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 793 (74.25%) Developer
2 591 (55.34%) Java Developer
3 104 (9.74%) Senior Developer
4 85 (7.96%) Senior Java Developer
5 63 (5.90%) Agile Developer
6 58 (5.43%) Software Engineer
7 54 (5.06%) Java Engineer
8 50 (4.68%) Full Stack Developer
9 41 (3.84%) Scala Developer
10 39 (3.65%) Tester
11 33 (3.09%) Agile Java Developer
11 33 (3.09%) DevOps Engineer
12 30 (2.81%) Android Developer
12 30 (2.81%) Software Developer
13 29 (2.72%) J2EE Developer
13 29 (2.72%) Java/J2EE Developer
13 29 (2.72%) Oracle Developer
13 29 (2.72%) Test Engineer
14 27 (2.53%) Automation Tester
15 25 (2.34%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 607 (56.84%) Spring
2 366 (34.27%) REST
3 361 (33.80%) RESTful
4 315 (29.49%) Web Services
5 227 (21.25%) Hibernate
6 220 (20.60%) XML
7 211 (19.76%) SOAP
8 202 (18.91%) JSON
9 181 (16.95%) J2EE
10 172 (16.10%) HTML
11 149 (13.95%) Spring Boot
12 147 (13.76%) CSS
13 144 (13.48%) JMS
14 140 (13.11%) Java EE
15 117 (10.96%) AngularJS
16 115 (10.77%) Node.js
17 101 (9.46%) Apache Camel
18 90 (8.43%) HTML5
19 88 (8.24%) Spring MVC
20 81 (7.58%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 61 (5.71%) Linux Command Line
2 58 (5.43%) Greenfield Project
3 53 (4.96%) Analytical Skills
4 52 (4.87%) Mobile App
5 43 (4.03%) Computer Science
6 41 (3.84%) Enterprise Software
7 33 (3.09%) Algorithms
8 32 (3.00%) Fixed Income
9 31 (2.90%) User Experience
10 26 (2.43%) Fintech
11 23 (2.15%) Data Structures
12 21 (1.97%) Wiki
13 18 (1.69%) Virtual Team
14 17 (1.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 15 (1.40%) iPad
16 12 (1.12%) Social Media
17 11 (1.03%) Animation
18 10 (0.94%) Derivative
18 10 (0.94%) Mobile Payment
18 10 (0.94%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 242 (22.66%) Linux
2 195 (18.26%) Unix
3 55 (5.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 51 (4.78%) Android
5 38 (3.56%) Windows
6 28 (2.62%) CentOS
7 26 (2.43%) VMS
8 19 (1.78%) Apple iOS
9 18 (1.69%) Ubuntu
10 17 (1.59%) Solaris
11 9 (0.84%) HPUX
12 3 (0.28%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.19%) Windows 2000
13 2 (0.19%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.19%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 722 (67.60%) Agile Software Development
2 508 (47.57%) TDD
3 404 (37.83%) Test Automation
4 376 (35.21%) Scrum
5 364 (34.08%) Continuous Integration
6 320 (29.96%) BDD
7 259 (24.25%) Microservices
8 229 (21.44%) OO
9 205 (19.19%) DevOps
10 201 (18.82%) Open Source
11 200 (18.73%) Kanban
12 174 (16.29%) Software Engineering
13 163 (15.26%) Unit Testing
14 160 (14.98%) MVC
15 129 (12.08%) E-Commerce
16 126 (11.80%) Pair Programming
17 101 (9.46%) Problem-Solving
18 98 (9.18%) SDLC
19 89 (8.33%) Mentoring
20 84 (7.87%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 990 (92.70%) Java
2 324 (30.34%) JavaScript
3 257 (24.06%) SQL
4 238 (22.28%) Java 8
5 103 (9.64%) Scala
6 86 (8.05%) Python
7 77 (7.21%) Groovy
8 67 (6.27%) Shell Script
9 66 (6.18%) Ruby
10 45 (4.21%) C#
11 39 (3.65%) JPQL
12 36 (3.37%) Bash Shell
13 29 (2.72%) C
14 28 (2.62%) PL/SQL
15 26 (2.43%) C++
16 25 (2.34%) Kotlin
17 24 (2.25%) Perl
17 24 (2.25%) XPath
18 16 (1.50%) XQuery
19 10 (0.94%) PHP
Qualifications
1 124 (11.61%) Security Cleared
2 80 (7.49%) SC Cleared
3 67 (6.27%) Degree
4 41 (3.84%) BPSS Clearance
5 39 (3.65%) Computer Science Degree
6 24 (2.25%) DV Cleared
7 9 (0.84%) ISEB
8 7 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
9 6 (0.56%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.56%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.28%) OCPJP
10 3 (0.28%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.28%) PMP
10 3 (0.28%) Sun Certification
11 2 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.19%) HND
11 2 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 2 (0.19%) OCA
11 2 (0.19%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.094%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (5.99%) QA
2 11 (1.03%) GCP
3 6 (0.56%) PMO
4 5 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.28%) WCAG
6 2 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.19%) EMIR
7 1 (0.094%) ECSS
7 1 (0.094%) GDPR
7 1 (0.094%) MiFID
7 1 (0.094%) MIL-STD-1553
7 1 (0.094%) SLA
System Software
1 168 (15.73%) Docker
2 35 (3.28%) VMware Infrastructure
3 34 (3.18%) vSphere
4 29 (2.72%) HDFS
5 19 (1.78%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (1.50%) Active Directory
7 10 (0.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 7 (0.66%) Apache Flume
9 5 (0.47%) vCloud
10 4 (0.37%) Postfix
10 4 (0.37%) Squid
11 2 (0.19%) ACF2
11 2 (0.19%) RACF
12 1 (0.094%) Xen
Systems Management
1 90 (8.43%) Puppet
2 89 (8.33%) Ansible
3 72 (6.74%) Opscode Chef
4 69 (6.46%) Kubernetes
5 46 (4.31%) Grafana
6 43 (4.03%) Terraform
7 37 (3.46%) Kibana
8 25 (2.34%) logstash
9 24 (2.25%) Prometheus
10 12 (1.12%) Graylog
11 11 (1.03%) Rancher
12 8 (0.75%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.56%) Oozie
13 6 (0.56%) Packer
14 4 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.37%) Graphite
14 4 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
14 4 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.37%) ZABBIX
15 3 (0.28%) Rsyslog
Vendors
1 157 (14.70%) Oracle
2 66 (6.18%) Google
2 66 (6.18%) Red Hat
3 43 (4.03%) VMware
4 32 (3.00%) Atlassian
5 27 (2.53%) Splunk
6 26 (2.43%) Microsoft
7 25 (2.34%) IBM
8 22 (2.06%) Adobe
8 22 (2.06%) MuleSoft
9 18 (1.69%) Sybase
10 17 (1.59%) Perforce
11 15 (1.40%) AppDynamics
12 14 (1.31%) ATG
13 12 (1.12%) HP
14 10 (0.94%) CA Agile Central
14 10 (0.94%) webMethods
15 9 (0.84%) Hortonworks
16 8 (0.75%) Cloudera
16 8 (0.75%) MapR