Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 236 299 235
Rank change year-on-year +63 -64 -20
Contract jobs citing JUnit 293 676 1,192
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.05% 0.87% 1.26%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.81% 4.94% 5.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 190 470 821
Median daily rate £475 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £386 £363 £360
90th Percentile £613 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £495 £475
% change year-on-year -4.04% +4.21% +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 4 10
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.93 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.52% -1.35% -32.00%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - -17.65% -32.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 5,044 13,677 19,941
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.99% 17.66% 21.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,251 9,127 13,831
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £330 £325
90th Percentile £650 £640 £625
UK median daily rate £485 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.00% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 101 183 202
Median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.44% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £30.00 £20.50 £25.51
90th Percentile £61.25 £60.00 £53.63
Median hourly rate £42.13 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -4.26% +3.53% -

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +62 161 £485 -7.62% 36
North of England +79 85 £450 -10.00% 9
Yorkshire +61 43 £470 -14.55% 5
North West +97 32 £450 -2.70% 4
East of England +78 15 £419 -11.84% 8
Midlands +36 14 £383 -19.47% 8
North East +4 10 £449 -8.60%
West Midlands +30 9 £540 +13.68% 4
South East +130 7 £488 +13.37% 22
East Midlands +35 5 £315 -22.46% 4
South West +40 4 £450 -10.00% 1
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 229 (78.16%) Agile Software Development
2 211 (72.01%) Java
3 155 (52.90%) Jenkins
4 154 (52.56%) Spring
5 141 (48.12%) Git (software)
6 131 (44.71%) DevOps
7 126 (43.00%) Mockito
8 122 (41.64%) Scrum
9 116 (39.59%) GitHub
10 115 (39.25%) Test Automation
11 114 (38.91%) REST
11 114 (38.91%) Maven
12 107 (36.52%) JIRA
13 103 (35.15%) AWS
14 100 (34.13%) TDD
15 96 (32.76%) Continuous Integration
16 92 (31.40%) Spring Boot
17 88 (30.03%) Confluence
18 85 (29.01%) Microservices
19 83 (28.33%) Docker
20 82 (27.99%) JSON
21 76 (25.94%) Cucumber
22 75 (25.60%) Web Services
23 72 (24.57%) Android
24 71 (24.23%) Selenium
25 70 (23.89%) Kotlin
26 67 (22.87%) Python
27 66 (22.53%) JavaScript
27 66 (22.53%) Pair Programming
27 66 (22.53%) Node.js

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (30.03%) Confluence
2 46 (15.70%) Mule
3 35 (11.95%) Cloud Foundry
4 23 (7.85%) JBoss
5 18 (6.14%) WebSphere
6 17 (5.80%) Red Hat Fuse
7 12 (4.10%) WebLogic
8 9 (3.07%) SharePoint
8 9 (3.07%) Tomcat
9 8 (2.73%) BizTalk Server
10 7 (2.39%) Apache ServiceMix
11 6 (2.05%) Anypoint
11 6 (2.05%) Apache
12 2 (0.68%) Documentum
12 2 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
12 2 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 1 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 1 (0.34%) Alfresco
13 1 (0.34%) GlassFish
13 1 (0.34%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 4 (1.37%) MS Visio
2 3 (1.02%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (1.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.34%) Exstream
2 1 (0.34%) RMDS
2 1 (0.34%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 116 (39.59%) GitHub
2 103 (35.15%) AWS
3 46 (15.70%) Slack
4 37 (12.63%) Azure
5 25 (8.53%) PaaS
6 22 (7.51%) IaaS
7 18 (6.14%) GCP
7 18 (6.14%) npm
8 17 (5.80%) Apigee
9 15 (5.12%) OpenShift
10 11 (3.75%) Serverless
11 9 (3.07%) Amazon EC2
12 8 (2.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 8 (2.73%) AWS Lambda
12 8 (2.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 7 (2.39%) Amazon S3
13 7 (2.39%) AWS CloudFormation
13 7 (2.39%) Boomi
13 7 (2.39%) Coveralls
13 7 (2.39%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 38 (12.97%) HTTP
2 18 (6.14%) SSL
3 16 (5.46%) DNS
3 16 (5.46%) TCP/IP
4 12 (4.10%) HTTPS
5 8 (2.73%) Firewall
5 8 (2.73%) Reverse Proxy
6 5 (1.71%) FTP
7 3 (1.02%) Internet
8 2 (0.68%) AMQP
8 2 (0.68%) DLNA
8 2 (0.68%) UPnP
8 2 (0.68%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.34%) Skype
9 1 (0.34%) Software-Defined Networking
9 1 (0.34%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (11.60%) NoSQL
2 32 (10.92%) SQL Server
3 29 (9.90%) Relational Database
4 26 (8.87%) MySQL
5 25 (8.53%) MongoDB
6 13 (4.44%) PostgreSQL
7 11 (3.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 9 (3.07%) RDBMS
9 8 (2.73%) Hadoop
10 5 (1.71%) Amazon RDS
10 5 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
10 5 (1.71%) Power BI
11 4 (1.37%) Apache Cassandra
11 4 (1.37%) Cosmos DB
11 4 (1.37%) Snowflake Schema
11 4 (1.37%) ZAP BI
12 3 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
12 3 (1.02%) BigQuery
12 3 (1.02%) Data Lake
12 3 (1.02%) ObjectStore
Development Applications
1 155 (52.90%) Jenkins
2 141 (48.12%) Git (software)
3 126 (43.00%) Mockito
4 114 (38.91%) Maven
5 107 (36.52%) JIRA
6 76 (25.94%) Cucumber
7 71 (24.23%) Selenium
8 44 (15.02%) Gradle
8 44 (15.02%) Sonatype Nexus
9 40 (13.65%) SonarQube
10 34 (11.60%) JMeter
11 30 (10.24%) IntelliJ
12 28 (9.56%) Subversion
13 26 (8.87%) GitLab
14 25 (8.53%) Android Studio
15 23 (7.85%) CocoaPods
15 23 (7.85%) Xcode
16 20 (6.83%) jMock
17 19 (6.48%) TestNG
18 15 (5.12%) NUnit
General
1 62 (21.16%) Finance
2 51 (17.41%) Banking
3 24 (8.19%) Public Sector
4 22 (7.51%) Investment Banking
5 7 (2.39%) Front Office
6 5 (1.71%) Retail Banking
7 3 (1.02%) Electronics
8 2 (0.68%) Advertising
8 2 (0.68%) Marketing
8 2 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.68%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.34%) French Language
9 1 (0.34%) Games
9 1 (0.34%) Legal
9 1 (0.34%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.34%) Police
9 1 (0.34%) Retail
Job Titles
1 163 (55.63%) Developer
2 93 (31.74%) Java Developer
3 22 (7.51%) Android Developer
4 18 (6.14%) Java Engineer
4 18 (6.14%) Software Engineer
5 17 (5.80%) Test Engineer
6 16 (5.46%) DevOps Engineer
6 16 (5.46%) Full Stack Developer
6 16 (5.46%) Senior Developer
7 15 (5.12%) Tester
8 12 (4.10%) Android Engineer
8 12 (4.10%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 10 (3.41%) AWS Engineer
9 10 (3.41%) Java Software Engineer
9 10 (3.41%) Senior Java Developer
9 10 (3.41%) Software Test Engineer
10 9 (3.07%) Backend Developer
10 9 (3.07%) Java Software Developer
10 9 (3.07%) Lead Developer
11 8 (2.73%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 154 (52.56%) Spring
2 114 (38.91%) REST
3 92 (31.40%) Spring Boot
4 82 (27.99%) JSON
5 75 (25.60%) Web Services
6 66 (22.53%) Node.js
7 63 (21.50%) RESTful
8 56 (19.11%) SOAP
9 51 (17.41%) XML
10 43 (14.68%) WireMock
11 36 (12.29%) CSS
11 36 (12.29%) Hibernate
12 35 (11.95%) HTML
12 35 (11.95%) RxJava
13 34 (11.60%) AngularJS
14 33 (11.26%) Retrofit
15 32 (10.92%) Material Design
16 27 (9.22%) Apache Camel
16 27 (9.22%) JMS
17 26 (8.87%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 52 (17.75%) Mobile App
2 17 (5.80%) User Experience
3 15 (5.12%) Enterprise Software
3 15 (5.12%) Fixed Income
4 13 (4.44%) Data Structures
5 10 (3.41%) Mobile Payment
6 6 (2.05%) Credit Risk
7 5 (1.71%) Clustering
7 5 (1.71%) Mobile Banking
8 4 (1.37%) Algorithms
8 4 (1.37%) Analytical Skills
9 2 (0.68%) Animation
9 2 (0.68%) Derivative
9 2 (0.68%) FMCG
9 2 (0.68%) Mainframe
9 2 (0.68%) Management Information System
9 2 (0.68%) MPEG
9 2 (0.68%) W3C
10 1 (0.34%) Client/Server
10 1 (0.34%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 72 (24.57%) Android
2 50 (17.06%) Linux
3 29 (9.90%) Unix
4 28 (9.56%) Apple iOS
5 20 (6.83%) Windows
6 4 (1.37%) CentOS
7 3 (1.02%) Fedora
7 3 (1.02%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.68%) Embedded Linux
9 1 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.34%) Solaris
9 1 (0.34%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.34%) Windows Mobile
9 1 (0.34%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 229 (78.16%) Agile Software Development
2 131 (44.71%) DevOps
3 122 (41.64%) Scrum
4 115 (39.25%) Test Automation
5 100 (34.13%) TDD
6 96 (32.76%) Continuous Integration
7 85 (29.01%) Microservices
8 66 (22.53%) Pair Programming
9 64 (21.84%) Kanban
10 63 (21.50%) Android Development
11 59 (20.14%) BDD
12 47 (16.04%) Unit Testing
13 44 (15.02%) Software Engineering
14 40 (13.65%) Continuous Delivery
15 39 (13.31%) Open Source
16 33 (11.26%) Scaled Agile Framework
17 32 (10.92%) Architectural Design
18 29 (9.90%) Continuous Improvement
18 29 (9.90%) SDLC
19 24 (8.19%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 211 (72.01%) Java
2 70 (23.89%) Kotlin
3 67 (22.87%) Python
4 66 (22.53%) JavaScript
5 62 (21.16%) Java 8
6 52 (17.75%) SQL
7 23 (7.85%) Apple Swift
8 15 (5.12%) C#
9 14 (4.78%) ES6
10 13 (4.44%) Bash Shell
11 10 (3.41%) Scala
12 9 (3.07%) Shell Script
13 7 (2.39%) PowerShell
13 7 (2.39%) Ruby
14 6 (2.05%) PL/SQL
15 4 (1.37%) C
15 4 (1.37%) Go
16 3 (1.02%) Perl
16 3 (1.02%) VB
16 3 (1.02%) VBA
Qualifications
1 35 (11.95%) Security Cleared
2 27 (9.22%) SC Cleared
3 13 (4.44%) Degree
4 8 (2.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.71%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (1.02%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.68%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.68%) ISEB
7 2 (0.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.34%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.34%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.34%) OCPJP
8 1 (0.34%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
8 1 (0.34%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (12.97%) QA
2 8 (2.73%) Data Quality
3 5 (1.71%) WCAG
4 2 (0.68%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 83 (28.33%) Docker
2 5 (1.71%) Active Directory
2 5 (1.71%) Postfix
3 3 (1.02%) NFS
4 2 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.68%) vSphere
5 1 (0.34%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.34%) RACF
5 1 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 45 (15.36%) Kubernetes
2 32 (10.92%) Ansible
3 28 (9.56%) Terraform
4 25 (8.53%) Puppet
5 17 (5.80%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (3.07%) Nagios
7 7 (2.39%) Grafana
8 6 (2.05%) ZABBIX
9 5 (1.71%) HP Quality Center
9 5 (1.71%) Kibana
10 2 (0.68%) HP ALM
10 2 (0.68%) NetIQ Identity Manager
10 2 (0.68%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.34%) Control-M
11 1 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 38 (12.97%) Splunk
2 34 (11.60%) AppDynamics
3 25 (8.53%) Oracle
4 20 (6.83%) Atlassian
5 19 (6.48%) MuleSoft
6 14 (4.78%) Google
7 13 (4.44%) Blue Coat
7 13 (4.44%) F5
8 12 (4.10%) Red Hat
9 11 (3.75%) Sybase
10 9 (3.07%) Murex
10 9 (3.07%) webMethods
11 8 (2.73%) TIBCO
12 7 (2.39%) Axway
12 7 (2.39%) Dell
12 7 (2.39%) Fiorano
12 7 (2.39%) Jitterbit
12 7 (2.39%) Talend
13 6 (2.05%) Microsoft
14 5 (1.71%) Sonatype