Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 252 244 202
Rank change year-on-year -8 -42 +18
Contract jobs citing JUnit 548 1,028 1,292
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.01% 1.16% 1.40%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.68% 5.51% 7.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 389 675 936
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £350 £363 £350
90th Percentile £628 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 8 6
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.70 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.05% +3.78% +21.62%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -22.22% - +21.62%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 9,656 18,646 18,002
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.73% 21.06% 19.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,353 12,704 12,594
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £333 £338 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £488 £483 £475
% change year-on-year +1.04% +1.58% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 193 260 204
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.75 £44.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.43% -4.47% +9.15%
10th Percentile £18.25 £23.15 £29.30
90th Percentile £63.60 £55.00 £67.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £44.50
% change year-on-year -1.16% -3.37% +8.54%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +56 328 £525 - 56
North of England -10 75 £531 +11.84% 15
Midlands +49 68 £450 - 9
West Midlands +85 57 £456 +1.39% 3
Yorkshire +42 36 £550 +10.00% 6
South East -9 36 £456 -1.51% 16
South West -8 34 £500 +5.26% 15
North West -18 24 £425 -9.96% 9
North East +28 15 £463 +27.59%
East Midlands 0 11 £358 -34.94% 6
East of England -16 7 £501 -4.52% 2
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 487 (88.87%) Java
2 392 (71.53%) Agile Software Development
3 358 (65.33%) Spring
4 274 (50.00%) Git (software)
5 259 (47.26%) Maven
6 240 (43.80%) Jenkins
7 232 (42.34%) Microservices
8 219 (39.96%) Scrum
9 216 (39.42%) TDD
10 209 (38.14%) Spring Boot
11 207 (37.77%) Mockito
12 196 (35.77%) RESTful
13 187 (34.12%) REST
14 183 (33.39%) SQL
15 178 (32.48%) Continuous Integration
16 168 (30.66%) Web Services
17 158 (28.83%) Java 8
18 156 (28.47%) AngularJS
19 155 (28.28%) Test Automation
20 147 (26.82%) Open Source
21 140 (25.55%) Docker
22 138 (25.18%) AWS
22 138 (25.18%) JavaScript
23 136 (24.82%) SOAP
23 136 (24.82%) Cucumber
23 136 (24.82%) Gradle
24 132 (24.09%) DevOps
25 116 (21.17%) Pair Programming
26 111 (20.26%) BDD
27 108 (19.71%) HTML

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (9.49%) WebLogic
2 49 (8.94%) Confluence
3 45 (8.21%) Tomcat
4 44 (8.03%) Elasticsearch
5 38 (6.93%) Apache
6 24 (4.38%) WebSphere
7 23 (4.20%) JBoss
8 12 (2.19%) Apache Spark
9 10 (1.82%) Cloud Foundry
10 7 (1.28%) Jetty
11 6 (1.09%) Mule
12 4 (0.73%) GlassFish
12 4 (0.73%) JCAPS
12 4 (0.73%) nginx
12 4 (0.73%) WebSphere Application Server
13 3 (0.55%) Anypoint
13 3 (0.55%) Commerce Server
13 3 (0.55%) WildFly
14 2 (0.36%) Liferay
14 2 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 12 (2.19%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (1.46%) Oracle AML
2 3 (0.55%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.18%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 138 (25.18%) AWS
2 74 (13.50%) GitHub
3 71 (12.96%) Azure
4 59 (10.77%) Amazon EC2
5 42 (7.66%) Amazon SQS
6 21 (3.83%) Google Analytics
7 14 (2.55%) AWS Lambda
7 14 (2.55%) Serverless
8 10 (1.82%) Amazon S3
8 10 (1.82%) OpenShift
8 10 (1.82%) PaaS
9 9 (1.64%) AWS CloudFormation
10 8 (1.46%) Coveralls
11 7 (1.28%) SaaS
12 6 (1.09%) Heroku
12 6 (1.09%) Kong
13 5 (0.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (0.91%) GCP
14 4 (0.73%) AWS CloudTrail
14 4 (0.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 56 (10.22%) HTTP
2 36 (6.57%) TCP/IP
3 21 (3.83%) SSL
4 9 (1.64%) RTMP
5 8 (1.46%) DNS
6 7 (1.28%) Internet
7 6 (1.09%) AMQP
7 6 (1.09%) FTP
7 6 (1.09%) LAN
8 5 (0.91%) DHCP
8 5 (0.91%) Firewall
8 5 (0.91%) HTTPS
8 5 (0.91%) WAN
9 1 (0.18%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (16.24%) NoSQL
2 79 (14.42%) PostgreSQL
3 58 (10.58%) MySQL
4 51 (9.31%) Amazon RDS
5 46 (8.39%) MongoDB
5 46 (8.39%) Relational Database
6 45 (8.21%) SQL Server
7 25 (4.56%) RDBMS
8 23 (4.20%) Oracle Database
9 15 (2.74%) Redis
10 14 (2.55%) Big Data
11 13 (2.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 12 (2.19%) Oracle Database 12c
13 11 (2.01%) Apache Cassandra
13 11 (2.01%) BusinessObjects
14 8 (1.46%) DB2
14 8 (1.46%) Oracle Database 10g
15 6 (1.09%) Couchbase
16 5 (0.91%) SQL Server 2012
17 4 (0.73%) DB2 UDB
Development Applications
1 274 (50.00%) Git (software)
2 259 (47.26%) Maven
3 240 (43.80%) Jenkins
4 207 (37.77%) Mockito
5 136 (24.82%) Cucumber
5 136 (24.82%) Gradle
6 96 (17.52%) Selenium
7 88 (16.06%) JIRA
8 75 (13.69%) SonarQube
9 62 (11.31%) jMock
10 56 (10.22%) DbUnit
11 44 (8.03%) Subversion
12 41 (7.48%) Eclipse
13 40 (7.30%) Ant
14 39 (7.12%) Bitbucket
15 32 (5.84%) Spock
16 31 (5.66%) Artifactory
17 29 (5.29%) git-flow
18 28 (5.11%) JMeter
19 27 (4.93%) SoapUI
General
1 80 (14.60%) Banking
2 72 (13.14%) Public Sector
3 69 (12.59%) Finance
4 28 (5.11%) Investment Banking
5 18 (3.28%) Front Office
5 18 (3.28%) Marketing
6 12 (2.19%) Retail
7 6 (1.09%) Pharmaceutical
8 5 (0.91%) Automotive
9 4 (0.73%) Back Office
10 3 (0.55%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.55%) Retail Banking
11 2 (0.36%) Advertising
11 2 (0.36%) Electronics
11 2 (0.36%) Telecoms
12 1 (0.18%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.18%) Legal
Job Titles
1 441 (80.47%) Developer
2 302 (55.11%) Java Developer
3 52 (9.49%) Senior Developer
4 45 (8.21%) Senior Java Developer
5 43 (7.85%) Backend Developer
5 43 (7.85%) Full Stack Developer
6 33 (6.02%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 26 (4.74%) Android Developer
8 19 (3.47%) Analyst
8 19 (3.47%) Java Engineer
9 17 (3.10%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 16 (2.92%) Software Developer
11 15 (2.74%) Angular Developer
11 15 (2.74%) Architect
11 15 (2.74%) C# Developer
12 14 (2.55%) Agile Developer
12 14 (2.55%) Agile Java Developer
12 14 (2.55%) Tester
13 13 (2.37%) Automation Tester
14 12 (2.19%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 358 (65.33%) Spring
2 209 (38.14%) Spring Boot
3 196 (35.77%) RESTful
4 187 (34.12%) REST
5 168 (30.66%) Web Services
6 156 (28.47%) AngularJS
7 136 (24.82%) SOAP
8 108 (19.71%) HTML
9 106 (19.34%) Hibernate
10 95 (17.34%) CSS
11 92 (16.79%) XML
12 77 (14.05%) JPA
13 75 (13.69%) J2EE
13 75 (13.69%) Node.js
13 75 (13.69%) React
14 71 (12.96%) JSON
15 66 (12.04%) HTML5
16 57 (10.40%) PowerMock
17 50 (9.12%) Spring Cloud
18 48 (8.76%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 38 (6.93%) Mobile App
2 32 (5.84%) User Experience
3 22 (4.01%) Data Structures
4 21 (3.83%) Mobile Payment
5 16 (2.92%) Enterprise Software
5 16 (2.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 14 (2.55%) Fixed Income
7 11 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
8 10 (1.82%) Linux Command Line
9 9 (1.64%) Algorithms
10 8 (1.46%) Analytical Skills
10 8 (1.46%) NHS
11 7 (1.28%) Mainframe
11 7 (1.28%) Virtual Team
12 5 (0.91%) Credit Risk
12 5 (0.91%) Mobile Banking
12 5 (0.91%) Public Cloud
13 4 (0.73%) Management Information System
14 3 (0.55%) Derivative
14 3 (0.55%) Mobile Wallet
Operating Systems
1 94 (17.15%) Linux
2 85 (15.51%) Unix
3 41 (7.48%) Android
4 21 (3.83%) Windows
5 16 (2.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (1.28%) Solaris
7 6 (1.09%) Apple iOS
8 5 (0.91%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.55%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 392 (71.53%) Agile Software Development
2 232 (42.34%) Microservices
3 219 (39.96%) Scrum
4 216 (39.42%) TDD
5 178 (32.48%) Continuous Integration
6 155 (28.28%) Test Automation
7 147 (26.82%) Open Source
8 132 (24.09%) DevOps
9 116 (21.17%) Pair Programming
10 111 (20.26%) BDD
11 100 (18.25%) Kanban
12 57 (10.40%) SDLC
13 55 (10.04%) Multithreading
14 38 (6.93%) Front End Development
15 37 (6.75%) Test Strategy
16 36 (6.57%) API Development
16 36 (6.57%) Migration
17 35 (6.39%) Configuration Management
17 35 (6.39%) OO
17 35 (6.39%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 487 (88.87%) Java
2 183 (33.39%) SQL
3 158 (28.83%) Java 8
4 138 (25.18%) JavaScript
5 48 (8.76%) Kotlin
6 45 (8.21%) Bash Shell
7 36 (6.57%) Python
8 32 (5.84%) C#
8 32 (5.84%) ES6
9 28 (5.11%) Groovy
9 28 (5.11%) PL/SQL
10 27 (4.93%) Scala
11 23 (4.20%) Shell Script
12 8 (1.46%) C
12 8 (1.46%) Haskell
12 8 (1.46%) Perl
13 7 (1.28%) Ruby
14 5 (0.91%) PHP
14 5 (0.91%) PowerShell
15 4 (0.73%) Bourne shell
Qualifications
1 95 (17.34%) Security Cleared
2 80 (14.60%) SC Cleared
3 27 (4.93%) Degree
4 20 (3.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (2.74%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (2.37%) DBS Check
7 4 (0.73%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.73%) ISEB
8 3 (0.55%) ITIL Certification
8 3 (0.55%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.18%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.18%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.18%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (8.03%) QA
2 15 (2.74%) WCAG
3 3 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 140 (25.55%) Docker
2 38 (6.93%) Postfix
3 12 (2.19%) vSphere
4 10 (1.82%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (1.64%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.73%) RACF
7 2 (0.36%) HDFS
8 1 (0.18%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 38 (6.93%) Kubernetes
2 24 (4.38%) Grafana
2 24 (4.38%) Kibana
3 21 (3.83%) Puppet
4 17 (3.10%) Ansible
5 16 (2.92%) Opscode Chef
5 16 (2.92%) Terraform
6 6 (1.09%) Prometheus
7 2 (0.36%) logstash
7 2 (0.36%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 1 (0.18%) Graphite
8 1 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.18%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.18%) Oracle Identity Manager
8 1 (0.18%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 92 (16.79%) Oracle
2 30 (5.47%) Google
3 24 (4.38%) Red Hat
4 17 (3.10%) Microsoft
5 14 (2.55%) VMware
6 12 (2.19%) BEA
7 9 (1.64%) Charles River
7 9 (1.64%) IBM
8 8 (1.46%) MuleSoft
8 8 (1.46%) SAP
8 8 (1.46%) webMethods
9 7 (1.28%) Atlassian
9 7 (1.28%) Splunk
10 6 (1.09%) Twitter
11 5 (0.91%) NetIQ
11 5 (0.91%) TIBCO
12 3 (0.55%) Apple
12 3 (0.55%) CA
12 3 (0.55%) Sun
12 3 (0.55%) Talend