Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 260 237 222
Rank change year-on-year -23 -15 +10
Contract jobs citing JUnit 853 1,066 1,006
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.03% 1.16% 1.19%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.15% 5.86% 6.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 547 727 663
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £363 £363 £319
90th Percentile £638 £590 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 9 22
England median hourly rate £47.54 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.63% +12.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £38.50 £24.90 £35.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £75.00 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £46.67 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.71% +12.50% +5.26%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 16,560 18,204 14,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.95% 19.89% 17.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,017 12,522 10,047
England median daily rate £485 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +8.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £340 £320 £305
90th Percentile £638 £613 £594
UK median daily rate £475 £465 £425
% change year-on-year +2.15% +9.41% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 253 224 299
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.53% +1.19% -1.18%
10th Percentile £21.25 £26.50 £28.05
90th Percentile £55.00 £66.58 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - -

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -46 398 £525 - 28
North of England +34 137 £475 +10.34% 14
South East -43 108 £450 - 11
South West +26 81 £500 - 10
Midlands +10 71 £450 +5.88% 4
Yorkshire +30 68 £500 +5.26% 1
East of England +6 60 £525 +10.53% 2
North West +5 53 £450 +7.14% 10
West Midlands +8 42 £450 +4.35% 3
East Midlands +9 29 £420 +3.70% 1
North East +22 16 £400 -11.11% 3
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 765 (89.68%) Java
2 569 (66.71%) Agile Software Development
3 540 (63.31%) Spring
4 488 (57.21%) Git (software)
5 471 (55.22%) Jenkins
6 376 (44.08%) TDD
7 334 (39.16%) Maven
8 315 (36.93%) Scrum
9 291 (34.11%) Microservices
10 290 (34.00%) RESTful
11 270 (31.65%) JavaScript
12 267 (31.30%) Test Automation
13 265 (31.07%) Web Services
14 263 (30.83%) Amazon AWS
15 257 (30.13%) DevOps
16 250 (29.31%) Mockito
17 248 (29.07%) JIRA
18 238 (27.90%) SQL
18 238 (27.90%) Spring Boot
19 225 (26.38%) BDD
20 222 (26.03%) REST
21 218 (25.56%) Docker
22 215 (25.21%) Continuous Integration
23 212 (24.85%) Java 8
24 207 (24.27%) Linux
25 200 (23.45%) SOAP
26 176 (20.63%) HTML
27 174 (20.40%) Cucumber
28 169 (19.81%) Open Source
29 162 (18.99%) CSS

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (13.48%) Tomcat
2 107 (12.54%) Confluence
3 74 (8.68%) Apache
4 70 (8.21%) JBoss
5 65 (7.62%) WebSphere
6 42 (4.92%) nginx
7 37 (4.34%) WebLogic
8 33 (3.87%) Elasticsearch
9 30 (3.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 28 (3.28%) Cloud Foundry
11 20 (2.34%) WebSphere Application Server
12 18 (2.11%) Apache Solr
12 18 (2.11%) CMS
12 18 (2.11%) Jetty
13 16 (1.88%) Apache Spark
13 16 (1.88%) SharePoint
14 12 (1.41%) Mule
15 10 (1.17%) GlassFish
15 10 (1.17%) JCAPS
15 10 (1.17%) WildFly
Applications
1 6 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 6 (0.70%) Magento
1 6 (0.70%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.59%) Fredhopper
3 2 (0.23%) Infor M3
3 2 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 263 (30.83%) Amazon AWS
2 99 (11.61%) Microsoft Azure
3 73 (8.56%) Amazon EC2
4 46 (5.39%) Slack
5 40 (4.69%) GitHub
6 39 (4.57%) Amazon EKS
7 33 (3.87%) Google Cloud Platform
8 32 (3.75%) npm
9 28 (3.28%) Amazon SQS
10 22 (2.58%) Serverless
11 20 (2.34%) PaaS
12 17 (1.99%) Amazon S3
13 16 (1.88%) Sauce Labs
14 15 (1.76%) AWS Lambda
15 14 (1.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 12 (1.41%) Google Analytics
16 12 (1.41%) OpenShift
16 12 (1.41%) SaaS
17 11 (1.29%) Amazon ELB
17 11 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 81 (9.50%) HTTP
2 41 (4.81%) TCP/IP
3 25 (2.93%) OpenVPN
4 19 (2.23%) FTP
5 16 (1.88%) SSL
6 14 (1.64%) Internet
7 6 (0.70%) DNS
8 4 (0.47%) SNMP
8 4 (0.47%) SSH
9 3 (0.35%) DSL
10 2 (0.23%) AMQP
10 2 (0.23%) BIG-IP
11 1 (0.12%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 114 (13.36%) NoSQL
2 94 (11.02%) MySQL
2 94 (11.02%) PostgreSQL
3 92 (10.79%) MongoDB
4 90 (10.55%) Relational Database
5 67 (7.85%) Oracle Database
6 57 (6.68%) SQL Server
7 45 (5.28%) Amazon RDS
8 33 (3.87%) DB2
9 29 (3.40%) Apache Cassandra
10 26 (3.05%) RDBMS
11 25 (2.93%) Big Data
12 21 (2.46%) Redis
13 19 (2.23%) Hadoop
14 14 (1.64%) HBase
15 11 (1.29%) Azure SQL Database
16 10 (1.17%) GIS
17 7 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 6 (0.70%) Amazon Athena
18 6 (0.70%) Impala
Development Applications
1 488 (57.21%) Git (software)
2 471 (55.22%) Jenkins
3 334 (39.16%) Maven
4 250 (29.31%) Mockito
5 248 (29.07%) JIRA
6 174 (20.40%) Cucumber
7 162 (18.99%) SonarQube
8 157 (18.41%) Selenium
9 94 (11.02%) jMock
10 85 (9.96%) Gradle
11 80 (9.38%) Subversion
12 74 (8.68%) Eclipse
13 72 (8.44%) DbUnit
14 70 (8.21%) Sonatype Nexus
15 60 (7.03%) JMeter
16 55 (6.45%) Ant
17 53 (6.21%) IntelliJ
18 52 (6.10%) SoapUI
19 45 (5.28%) TeamCity
20 42 (4.92%) TestNG
General
1 142 (16.65%) Finance
2 80 (9.38%) Banking
3 50 (5.86%) Retail
4 26 (3.05%) Games
4 26 (3.05%) Investment Banking
5 22 (2.58%) Marketing
6 14 (1.64%) Front Office
7 11 (1.29%) Back Office
8 8 (0.94%) Legal
9 5 (0.59%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.59%) Wholesale Banking
10 4 (0.47%) Financial Institution
10 4 (0.47%) Manufacturing
10 4 (0.47%) Publishing
11 3 (0.35%) Advertising
11 3 (0.35%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.23%) Automotive
12 2 (0.23%) Electronics
12 2 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.12%) Law
Job Titles
1 620 (72.68%) Developer
2 459 (53.81%) Java Developer
3 85 (9.96%) Senior Developer
4 74 (8.68%) Full Stack Developer
5 72 (8.44%) Senior Java Developer
6 67 (7.85%) DevOps Engineer
7 50 (5.86%) Lead Developer
8 48 (5.63%) Scala Developer
9 47 (5.51%) Lead Java Developer
10 41 (4.81%) Agile Developer
11 27 (3.17%) Backend Developer
12 25 (2.93%) Java Engineer
13 21 (2.46%) Agile Java Developer
13 21 (2.46%) Analyst
13 21 (2.46%) Test Engineer
14 18 (2.11%) AWS DevOps
14 18 (2.11%) Software Developer
14 18 (2.11%) Tester
15 16 (1.88%) AWS Developer
15 16 (1.88%) Senior Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 540 (63.31%) Spring
2 290 (34.00%) RESTful
3 265 (31.07%) Web Services
4 238 (27.90%) Spring Boot
5 222 (26.03%) REST
6 200 (23.45%) SOAP
7 176 (20.63%) HTML
8 162 (18.99%) CSS
8 162 (18.99%) Hibernate
9 161 (18.87%) AngularJS
10 134 (15.71%) J2EE
10 134 (15.71%) Node.js
10 134 (15.71%) XML
11 132 (15.47%) JSON
12 110 (12.90%) JMS
13 107 (12.54%) React
14 93 (10.90%) Apache Camel
15 88 (10.32%) Java EE
16 80 (9.38%) jQuery
17 73 (8.56%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 47 (5.51%) Greenfield Project
2 41 (4.81%) Analytical Skills
3 40 (4.69%) Mobile App
4 36 (4.22%) Enterprise Software
5 32 (3.75%) User Experience
6 24 (2.81%) Data Structures
7 18 (2.11%) Algorithms
7 18 (2.11%) Virtual Team
8 17 (1.99%) Mainframe
8 17 (1.99%) NHS
9 15 (1.76%) Linux Command Line
10 10 (1.17%) Social Media
11 9 (1.06%) FMCG
12 7 (0.82%) Equities
13 5 (0.59%) Self-Motivation
14 4 (0.47%) Cloud Native
14 4 (0.47%) Hybrid Cloud
14 4 (0.47%) Management Information System
14 4 (0.47%) Online Games
15 3 (0.35%) Mashup
Operating Systems
1 207 (24.27%) Linux
2 156 (18.29%) Unix
3 47 (5.51%) Windows
4 44 (5.16%) CentOS
5 22 (2.58%) Android
6 18 (2.11%) VMS
7 15 (1.76%) Ubuntu
8 14 (1.64%) Apple iOS
9 11 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 6 (0.70%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.12%) MVS
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.12%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 569 (66.71%) Agile Software Development
2 376 (44.08%) TDD
3 315 (36.93%) Scrum
4 291 (34.11%) Microservices
5 267 (31.30%) Test Automation
6 257 (30.13%) DevOps
7 225 (26.38%) BDD
8 215 (25.21%) Continuous Integration
9 169 (19.81%) Open Source
10 149 (17.47%) Kanban
11 124 (14.54%) Unit Testing
12 118 (13.83%) Problem-Solving
13 104 (12.19%) Pair Programming
14 102 (11.96%) OO
15 92 (10.79%) E-Commerce
16 71 (8.32%) MVC
17 70 (8.21%) Configuration Management
18 56 (6.57%) Scaled Agile Framework
19 53 (6.21%) SDLC
20 41 (4.81%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 765 (89.68%) Java
2 270 (31.65%) JavaScript
3 238 (27.90%) SQL
4 212 (24.85%) Java 8
5 91 (10.67%) Scala
6 79 (9.26%) Python
7 59 (6.92%) Ruby
8 58 (6.80%) Groovy
9 48 (5.63%) Shell Script
10 45 (5.28%) Bash Shell
11 40 (4.69%) C#
12 37 (4.34%) ES6
13 32 (3.75%) Perl
14 25 (2.93%) TypeScript
15 21 (2.46%) C++
16 19 (2.23%) Kotlin
17 14 (1.64%) PowerShell
18 12 (1.41%) C
19 11 (1.29%) Haskell
19 11 (1.29%) PHP
Qualifications
1 95 (11.14%) Security Cleared
2 65 (7.62%) SC Cleared
3 49 (5.74%) BPSS Clearance
4 34 (3.99%) Degree
5 21 (2.46%) OCPJP
5 21 (2.46%) Sun Certification
6 12 (1.41%) DBS Check
7 10 (1.17%) DV Cleared
8 9 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
9 1 (0.12%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.12%) ISEB
9 1 (0.12%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (10.08%) QA
2 12 (1.41%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (0.70%) WCAG
4 3 (0.35%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.23%) GDPR
5 2 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.12%) EMIR
6 1 (0.12%) HL7
6 1 (0.12%) MiFID
6 1 (0.12%) OASIS TOSCA
6 1 (0.12%) PMO
6 1 (0.12%) Section 508
System Software
1 218 (25.56%) Docker
2 39 (4.57%) vSphere
3 37 (4.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (3.05%) Virtual Machines
5 20 (2.34%) Active Directory
6 17 (1.99%) Postfix
7 6 (0.70%) RACF
8 5 (0.59%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.47%) HDFS
10 1 (0.12%) Time Sharing Option
10 1 (0.12%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 107 (12.54%) Kubernetes
2 84 (9.85%) Ansible
3 71 (8.32%) Puppet
4 61 (7.15%) Grafana
5 57 (6.68%) Opscode Chef
6 41 (4.81%) Prometheus
7 31 (3.63%) Kibana
8 25 (2.93%) FreeIPA
8 25 (2.93%) Terraform
9 9 (1.06%) Control-M
9 9 (1.06%) logstash
10 7 (0.82%) Rancher
11 6 (0.70%) Hadoop YARN
12 3 (0.35%) HAProxy
13 2 (0.23%) ZABBIX
14 1 (0.12%) CloudHub
14 1 (0.12%) HP Quality Center
14 1 (0.12%) Icinga
14 1 (0.12%) Mesos
14 1 (0.12%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 140 (16.41%) Oracle
2 67 (7.85%) Google
3 64 (7.50%) Red Hat
4 43 (5.04%) VMware
5 41 (4.81%) Splunk
6 39 (4.57%) Adobe
6 39 (4.57%) Black Duck
7 32 (3.75%) Microsoft
8 27 (3.17%) IBM
9 26 (3.05%) Atlassian
10 21 (2.46%) Sun
11 19 (2.23%) MuleSoft
12 16 (1.88%) AppDynamics
12 16 (1.88%) Sybase
13 12 (1.41%) SAP
13 12 (1.41%) webMethods
14 9 (1.06%) Facebook
15 8 (0.94%) hybris
15 8 (0.94%) Perfecto Mobile
16 7 (0.82%) Salesforce.com