The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 3 months to 27 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
JUnit
UK / England
Rank 211 234 253
Rank change year-on-year +23 +19  
Contract jobs citing JUnit 494 525 425
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.19% 1.07% 0.87%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.82% 7.31% 6.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 327 328 285
Median daily rate £450 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +12.50%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £325 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £639 £600 £565
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +13.33% -  
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 3 1
Median hourly rate £38.50 £38.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.31% +1.33%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.50 £38.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +1.31% -15.55%  

JUnit is in the development application skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

Contract Development Application Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7240 7179 6439
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 17.47% 14.63% 13.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 4876 4821 4173
Median daily rate £447 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.23% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £310 £290
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £530
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.66% +3.44%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 165 170 125
Median hourly rate £42.50 £41.80 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.67% +12.97%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £32.50 £31.50 £28.75
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £50.00 £49.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.19% +12.00%  

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing JUnit as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Development Applications category.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 3 months to 27 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 3 months to 27 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 3 months to 27 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 240 £520 +4.00% 91
South East -33 73 £456 +15.87% 12
North East +28 47 £325 - 1
East of England +11 39 £331 -17.18% 7
South West +7 27 £456 +21.66% 21
North West +12 18 £413 +17.85% 8
Yorkshire +11 17 £438 +3.55% 5
East Midlands +5 16 £363 +11.53% 5
West Midlands +4 15 £500 +29.03% 2
JUnit
UK

JUnit
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 860 (83.50%) Java
2 726 (70.49%) Agile Software Development
3 532 (51.65%) Spring
4 501 (48.64%) TDD
5 489 (47.48%) Jenkins
6 441 (42.82%) Git (software)
7 385 (37.38%) Scrum
8 359 (34.85%) Maven
9 354 (34.37%) Continuous Integration
10 346 (33.59%) Linux
11 340 (33.01%) SQL
12 331 (32.14%) REST
13 311 (30.19%) JavaScript
14 301 (29.22%) Mockito
15 280 (27.18%) HTML
16 274 (26.60%) Cucumber
17 271 (26.31%) Web Services
18 268 (26.02%) JSON
19 263 (25.53%) JIRA
20 258 (25.05%) Selenium
21 256 (24.85%) Hibernate
22 253 (24.56%) BDD
23 242 (23.50%) XML
24 230 (22.33%) Oracle
25 218 (21.17%) CSS
26 211 (20.49%) RESTful
27 196 (19.03%) Finance
28 194 (18.83%) SOAP
29 185 (17.96%) Unit Testing
30 180 (17.48%) Unix

JUnit
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 147 (14.27%) Tomcat
2 146 (14.17%) Confluence
3 105 (10.19%) Apache
4 97 (9.42%) JBoss
5 89 (8.64%) WebSphere
6 61 (5.92%) Elasticsearch
7 38 (3.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 31 (3.01%) WebLogic
8 31 (3.01%) WebSphere Application Server
9 26 (2.52%) nginx
10 25 (2.43%) Apache Spark
10 25 (2.43%) WebSphere Process Server
11 17 (1.65%) CMS
12 14 (1.36%) Oracle Workflow
13 13 (1.26%) Alfresco
13 13 (1.26%) Jetty
14 11 (1.07%) Mule
15 10 (0.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 10 (0.97%) Apache Pig
16 9 (0.87%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 19 (1.84%) HipChat
2 9 (0.87%) MS Excel
3 5 (0.49%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.29%) MS Office
5 2 (0.19%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 20 (1.94%) Payment Gateway
2 18 (1.75%) RMDS
3 17 (1.65%) ION MarketView
4 9 (0.87%) Oracle BPM
5 6 (0.58%) BusinessWorks
5 6 (0.58%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.097%) BondVision
7 1 (0.097%) Loan IQ
7 1 (0.097%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.097%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 115 (11.17%) Amazon AWS
2 79 (7.67%) GitHub
3 22 (2.14%) Microsoft Azure
4 21 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
5 19 (1.84%) Amazon EC2
6 15 (1.46%) Amazon S3
7 14 (1.36%) OpenShift
7 14 (1.36%) PaaS
8 13 (1.26%) Amazon SQS
9 11 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
9 11 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
9 11 (1.07%) Slack
10 8 (0.78%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
10 8 (0.78%) Basecamp
11 7 (0.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 6 (0.58%) Amazon ElastiCache
13 4 (0.39%) Amazon ELB
13 4 (0.39%) Google Analytics
13 4 (0.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 3 (0.29%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 122 (11.84%) HTTP
2 34 (3.30%) DNS
3 26 (2.52%) Internet
3 26 (2.52%) OpenLDAP
3 26 (2.52%) OpenVPN
3 26 (2.52%) SSH
4 24 (2.33%) LDAP
5 19 (1.84%) TCP/IP
6 14 (1.36%) Reverse Proxy
7 13 (1.26%) IPsec
7 13 (1.26%) VPN
8 10 (0.97%) SSL
9 6 (0.58%) AMQP
10 4 (0.39%) FTP
10 4 (0.39%) Intranet
10 4 (0.39%) SNMP
11 2 (0.19%) HTTPS
11 2 (0.19%) IPv4
11 2 (0.19%) Kerberos
12 1 (0.097%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 158 (15.34%) Relational Database
2 112 (10.87%) MongoDB
3 106 (10.29%) PostgreSQL
4 100 (9.71%) MySQL
5 89 (8.64%) NoSQL
6 62 (6.02%) Big Data
7 55 (5.34%) SQL Server
8 49 (4.76%) Hadoop
9 45 (4.37%) Oracle Database
10 40 (3.88%) RDBMS
11 37 (3.59%) Apache Cassandra
12 34 (3.30%) DB2
13 23 (2.23%) Oracle Database 11g
14 15 (1.46%) Endeca
15 14 (1.36%) Apache Hive
16 13 (1.26%) MarkLogic
17 12 (1.17%) Redis
18 6 (0.58%) HBase
18 6 (0.58%) Jackrabbit
18 6 (0.58%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 489 (47.48%) Jenkins
2 441 (42.82%) Git (software)
3 359 (34.85%) Maven
4 301 (29.22%) Mockito
5 274 (26.60%) Cucumber
6 263 (25.53%) JIRA
7 258 (25.05%) Selenium
8 165 (16.02%) Subversion
9 135 (13.11%) Gradle
10 116 (11.26%) Ant
11 111 (10.78%) Eclipse
12 101 (9.81%) WebDriver
13 77 (7.48%) IntelliJ
14 75 (7.28%) TeamCity
15 65 (6.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 64 (6.21%) Spock
17 59 (5.73%) RSpec
18 56 (5.44%) JBehave
19 54 (5.24%) SoapUI
20 53 (5.15%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 196 (19.03%) Finance
2 149 (14.47%) Banking
3 38 (3.69%) Front Office
4 37 (3.59%) Retail
5 35 (3.40%) Publishing
6 32 (3.11%) Games
7 26 (2.52%) Investment Banking
8 16 (1.55%) Marketing
8 16 (1.55%) Telecoms
9 15 (1.46%) Automotive
10 14 (1.36%) Manufacturing
11 9 (0.87%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.78%) Legal
13 7 (0.68%) Financial Institution
14 6 (0.58%) Advertising
14 6 (0.58%) Back Office
14 6 (0.58%) Electronics
15 5 (0.49%) Aerospace
16 3 (0.29%) French Language
17 2 (0.19%) Dutch Language
Job Titles
1 699 (67.86%) Developer
2 497 (48.25%) Java Developer
3 119 (11.55%) Senior Developer
4 78 (7.57%) Senior Java Developer
5 54 (5.24%) Scala Developer
5 54 (5.24%) Software Engineer
6 51 (4.95%) Test Engineer
7 42 (4.08%) Agile Developer
7 42 (4.08%) Java Engineer
7 42 (4.08%) Tester
8 41 (3.98%) DevOps Engineer
9 40 (3.88%) Agile Java Developer
9 40 (3.88%) Automation Tester
10 39 (3.79%) QA Engineer
11 29 (2.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 29 (2.82%) Software Developer
12 28 (2.72%) Android Developer
13 27 (2.62%) Java Software Engineer
13 27 (2.62%) QA Test Engineer
14 26 (2.52%) Quality Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 532 (51.65%) Spring
2 331 (32.14%) REST
3 280 (27.18%) HTML
4 271 (26.31%) Web Services
5 268 (26.02%) JSON
6 256 (24.85%) Hibernate
7 242 (23.50%) XML
8 218 (21.17%) CSS
9 211 (20.49%) RESTful
10 194 (18.83%) SOAP
11 170 (16.50%) J2EE
12 160 (15.53%) HTML5
13 139 (13.50%) AngularJS
14 124 (12.04%) JMS
14 124 (12.04%) Spring MVC
15 116 (11.26%) Node.js
16 112 (10.87%) CSS3
17 110 (10.68%) jQuery
18 107 (10.39%) Java EE
19 100 (9.71%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 73 (7.09%) Analytical Skills
2 43 (4.17%) Mobile App
3 42 (4.08%) Fixed Income
4 38 (3.69%) Enterprise Software
4 38 (3.69%) User Experience
5 37 (3.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 29 (2.82%) Computer Science
7 22 (2.14%) Animation
8 17 (1.65%) Data Structures
8 17 (1.65%) iPad
9 16 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
9 16 (1.55%) Social Media
10 14 (1.36%) Smartphone
11 12 (1.17%) Derivative
12 11 (1.07%) Equities
13 10 (0.97%) iPhone
13 10 (0.97%) Virtual Team
14 9 (0.87%) Equity Derivative
15 6 (0.58%) Client/Server
15 6 (0.58%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 346 (33.59%) Linux
2 180 (17.48%) Unix
3 41 (3.98%) Android
4 40 (3.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 33 (3.20%) Apple iOS
6 31 (3.01%) Windows
7 28 (2.72%) CentOS
8 14 (1.36%) Mac OS X
9 13 (1.26%) RancherOS
9 13 (1.26%) VyOS
10 11 (1.07%) Solaris
11 9 (0.87%) AIX
12 6 (0.58%) HPUX
13 4 (0.39%) Ubuntu
14 2 (0.19%) Windows Server
15 1 (0.097%) Embedded Linux
15 1 (0.097%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 726 (70.49%) Agile Software Development
2 501 (48.64%) TDD
3 385 (37.38%) Scrum
4 354 (34.37%) Continuous Integration
5 253 (24.56%) BDD
6 185 (17.96%) Unit Testing
7 177 (17.18%) DevOps
8 173 (16.80%) MVC
9 161 (15.63%) Open Source
10 157 (15.24%) Automated Testing
11 138 (13.40%) Software Engineering
12 127 (12.33%) Microservices
13 125 (12.14%) OO
14 110 (10.68%) Configuration Management
15 108 (10.49%) Kanban
15 108 (10.49%) Test Automation
16 104 (10.10%) Continuous Delivery
17 93 (9.03%) Web Development
18 87 (8.45%) Pair Programming
19 83 (8.06%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 860 (83.50%) Java
2 340 (33.01%) SQL
3 311 (30.19%) JavaScript
4 159 (15.44%) Scala
5 137 (13.30%) Python
6 120 (11.65%) Ruby
7 115 (11.17%) Shell Script
8 106 (10.29%) C#
9 51 (4.95%) PL/SQL
10 40 (3.88%) Korn
11 38 (3.69%) XPath
12 36 (3.50%) Groovy
13 34 (3.30%) Perl
14 30 (2.91%) Bash Shell
15 20 (1.94%) PHP
16 19 (1.84%) C++
17 18 (1.75%) C
18 17 (1.65%) Objective-C
19 16 (1.55%) Apple Swift
20 10 (0.97%) XQuery
Qualifications
1 77 (7.48%) Security Cleared
2 55 (5.34%) Degree
3 52 (5.05%) SC Cleared
4 19 (1.84%) DV Cleared
5 11 (1.07%) BPSS Clearance
5 11 (1.07%) Sun Certification
6 6 (0.58%) CTC Cleared
6 6 (0.58%) Oracle Certification
7 5 (0.49%) ISEB
7 5 (0.49%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.29%) OCMJD
8 3 (0.29%) OCPJP
8 3 (0.29%) OCPJWCD
9 1 (0.097%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.097%) Brainbench
9 1 (0.097%) CCNA
9 1 (0.097%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.097%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.097%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (10.19%) QA
2 28 (2.72%) WCAG
3 20 (1.94%) FATCA
4 17 (1.65%) MiFID
5 16 (1.55%) SDET
6 15 (1.46%) EMIR
7 14 (1.36%) Dodd-Frank
8 7 (0.68%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.097%) PA-DSS
9 1 (0.097%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 157 (15.24%) Docker
2 26 (2.52%) Postfix
2 26 (2.52%) Squid
2 26 (2.52%) vCloud
3 11 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.49%) HDFS
4 5 (0.49%) Varnish
5 3 (0.29%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.29%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.19%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.19%) vSphere
7 1 (0.097%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.097%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 101 (9.81%) Ansible
2 88 (8.54%) Puppet
3 51 (4.95%) Opscode Chef
4 46 (4.47%) Kibana
5 40 (3.88%) Kubernetes
6 39 (3.79%) logstash
7 34 (3.30%) Terraform
8 28 (2.72%) ZABBIX
9 26 (2.52%) Docker Swarm
9 26 (2.52%) Rancher
10 22 (2.14%) Grafana
11 20 (1.94%) Consul
12 16 (1.55%) Packer
13 13 (1.26%) HAProxy
14 11 (1.07%) rkt
15 9 (0.87%) Oozie
16 6 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
17 5 (0.49%) Capistrano
17 5 (0.49%) Nagios
17 5 (0.49%) Rsyslog
Vendors
1 230 (22.33%) Oracle
2 71 (6.89%) Google
3 52 (5.05%) Red Hat
4 44 (4.27%) TIBCO
5 41 (3.98%) Solace
6 36 (3.50%) ION Trading
7 33 (3.20%) Atlassian
8 31 (3.01%) AppDynamics
9 29 (2.82%) ATG
9 29 (2.82%) Perforce
9 29 (2.82%) VMware
10 27 (2.62%) Sonatype
11 26 (2.52%) IBM
11 26 (2.52%) MuleSoft
12 24 (2.33%) Splunk
13 21 (2.04%) Sybase
14 19 (1.84%) Reuters
15 15 (1.46%) Microsoft
16 13 (1.26%) Vyatta
16 13 (1.26%) webMethods
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