Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 197 201 308
Rank change year-on-year +4 +107 -18
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1256 1312 822
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.34% 1.34% 0.78%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.12% 8.07% 5.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 865 890 526
England median daily rate £468 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.89% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £315 £310
90th Percentile £625 £600 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 8 7
England median hourly rate £62.50 £36.00 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.61% -11.11% +35.00%
10th Percentile £40.00 £29.53 £34.87
90th Percentile £63.75 £47.25 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £62.50 £36.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year +73.61% -12.73% -41.90%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 17638 16259 15043
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.79% 16.56% 14.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 12363 11027 10107
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £304 £280
90th Percentile £603 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 273 232 283
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £29.00 £26.16 £23.80
90th Percentile £59.75 £53.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -24 614 £525 +7.69% 40
South East -30 232 £475 +3.83% 13
North of England +58 187 £423 -0.59% 19
Midlands +38 110 £400 -5.88% 5
North West +40 98 £413 -2.94% 12
East of England -8 75 £413 -2.08% 12
Yorkshire +8 70 £428 +0.59% 6
West Midlands +32 60 £400 -11.11% 1
East Midlands +26 49 £400 +11.11% 4
South West -1 35 £425 +9.68% 8
North East +67 22 £365 +7.35% 1
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1161 (92.44%) Java
2 850 (67.68%) Agile Software Development
3 661 (52.63%) Spring
4 547 (43.55%) TDD
5 530 (42.20%) Git (software)
6 529 (42.12%) Jenkins
7 488 (38.85%) Maven
8 452 (35.99%) Test Automation
9 444 (35.35%) REST
10 419 (33.36%) Mockito
11 405 (32.25%) SQL
12 398 (31.69%) Continuous Integration
13 390 (31.05%) Web Services
14 385 (30.65%) Scrum
15 372 (29.62%) JavaScript
16 368 (29.30%) RESTful
17 365 (29.06%) JIRA
18 342 (27.23%) Hibernate
19 321 (25.56%) Linux
20 306 (24.36%) BDD
21 295 (23.49%) Microservices
22 271 (21.58%) XML
22 271 (21.58%) Oracle
23 266 (21.18%) SOAP
24 258 (20.54%) Selenium
25 249 (19.82%) Unit Testing
26 245 (19.51%) HTML
27 243 (19.35%) JSON
28 240 (19.11%) J2EE
29 238 (18.95%) OO

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 236 (18.79%) Confluence
2 155 (12.34%) Tomcat
3 134 (10.67%) Apache
4 123 (9.79%) JBoss
5 79 (6.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 60 (4.78%) WildFly
7 54 (4.30%) Elasticsearch
8 53 (4.22%) WebLogic
9 44 (3.50%) Apache Spark
10 24 (1.91%) WebSphere
11 22 (1.75%) Cloud Foundry
11 22 (1.75%) CMS
12 21 (1.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 16 (1.27%) GemFire
14 15 (1.19%) Apache Solr
15 14 (1.11%) GlassFish
16 12 (0.96%) Mule
17 10 (0.80%) MQSeries
18 8 (0.64%) WebSphere Application Server
19 7 (0.56%) SharePoint
Applications
1 9 (0.72%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.080%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 27 (2.15%) Payment Gateway
2 21 (1.67%) Oracle BPM
3 9 (0.72%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.080%) Magento
7 1 (0.080%) Oracle SCM
Cloud Services
1 124 (9.87%) Amazon AWS
2 49 (3.90%) GitHub
3 36 (2.87%) OpenShift
4 30 (2.39%) Amazon EC2
5 25 (1.99%) Amazon S3
6 22 (1.75%) PaaS
7 21 (1.67%) Microsoft Azure
8 18 (1.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 18 (1.43%) npm
9 17 (1.35%) Slack
10 16 (1.27%) Amazon ELB
11 14 (1.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 11 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
13 8 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
14 6 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
14 6 (0.48%) CloudFront
14 6 (0.48%) IaaS
14 6 (0.48%) Serverless
15 5 (0.40%) Google Cloud Platform
15 5 (0.40%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 120 (9.55%) HTTP
2 45 (3.58%) Internet
3 36 (2.87%) TCP/IP
4 20 (1.59%) SSL
5 15 (1.19%) DNS
5 15 (1.19%) FTP
5 15 (1.19%) OpenLDAP
5 15 (1.19%) OpenVPN
5 15 (1.19%) SSH
6 10 (0.80%) LDAP
7 6 (0.48%) AMQP
8 5 (0.40%) 802.11
8 5 (0.40%) ADSL
8 5 (0.40%) Bluetooth
8 5 (0.40%) Broadband
8 5 (0.40%) IPv4
8 5 (0.40%) IPv6
8 5 (0.40%) SMS
8 5 (0.40%) WAN
8 5 (0.40%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 219 (17.44%) Relational Database
2 153 (12.18%) NoSQL
3 124 (9.87%) RDBMS
4 123 (9.79%) MongoDB
5 111 (8.84%) MySQL
6 87 (6.93%) PostgreSQL
7 65 (5.18%) Apache Cassandra
8 62 (4.94%) SQL Server
9 49 (3.90%) Big Data
10 44 (3.50%) Hadoop
11 33 (2.63%) Oracle Database
12 29 (2.31%) MarkLogic
13 27 (2.15%) Apache Hive
14 25 (1.99%) Endeca
15 18 (1.43%) HBase
16 17 (1.35%) Amazon RDS
17 13 (1.04%) Couchbase
17 13 (1.04%) Data Warehouse
17 13 (1.04%) OLTP
17 13 (1.04%) Redis
Development Applications
1 530 (42.20%) Git (software)
2 529 (42.12%) Jenkins
3 488 (38.85%) Maven
4 419 (33.36%) Mockito
5 365 (29.06%) JIRA
6 258 (20.54%) Selenium
7 202 (16.08%) Cucumber
8 162 (12.90%) Gradle
9 161 (12.82%) Eclipse
10 160 (12.74%) Subversion
11 149 (11.86%) Ant
12 122 (9.71%) IntelliJ
13 121 (9.63%) SonarQube
14 83 (6.61%) SoapUI
15 74 (5.89%) Liquibase
16 72 (5.73%) Checkstyle
17 71 (5.65%) TestNG
18 70 (5.57%) WebDriver
19 67 (5.33%) TeamCity
20 66 (5.25%) JMeter
General
1 184 (14.65%) Finance
2 144 (11.46%) Banking
3 44 (3.50%) Investment Banking
4 34 (2.71%) Publishing
5 32 (2.55%) Games
5 32 (2.55%) Retail
6 30 (2.39%) Front Office
7 28 (2.23%) Marketing
8 15 (1.19%) Manufacturing
9 12 (0.96%) Telecoms
10 11 (0.88%) Automotive
11 9 (0.72%) Legal
12 8 (0.64%) Advertising
13 3 (0.24%) Electronics
14 2 (0.16%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.16%) Retail Banking
15 1 (0.080%) Dutch Language
15 1 (0.080%) French Language
15 1 (0.080%) Online Betting
15 1 (0.080%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 969 (77.15%) Developer
2 747 (59.47%) Java Developer
3 158 (12.58%) Senior Developer
4 124 (9.87%) Senior Java Developer
5 73 (5.81%) Agile Developer
6 64 (5.10%) Scala Developer
7 62 (4.94%) Agile Java Developer
8 57 (4.54%) Java Engineer
9 56 (4.46%) Software Engineer
10 51 (4.06%) Full Stack Developer
11 50 (3.98%) Lead Developer
11 50 (3.98%) Tester
12 42 (3.34%) JavaScript Developer
13 41 (3.26%) Test Engineer
14 35 (2.79%) Oracle Developer
14 35 (2.79%) SC Cleared Java Developer
14 35 (2.79%) Team Leader
15 34 (2.71%) Android Developer
16 33 (2.63%) Java Scala Developer
16 33 (2.63%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 661 (52.63%) Spring
2 444 (35.35%) REST
3 390 (31.05%) Web Services
4 368 (29.30%) RESTful
5 342 (27.23%) Hibernate
6 271 (21.58%) XML
7 266 (21.18%) SOAP
8 245 (19.51%) HTML
9 243 (19.35%) JSON
10 240 (19.11%) J2EE
11 196 (15.61%) CSS
12 188 (14.97%) JMS
13 175 (13.93%) Spring Boot
14 170 (13.54%) Java EE
15 159 (12.66%) Spring MVC
16 154 (12.26%) jQuery
17 146 (11.62%) AngularJS
18 135 (10.75%) Apache Camel
19 134 (10.67%) HTML5
20 128 (10.19%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 78 (6.21%) Enterprise Software
2 77 (6.13%) Linux Command Line
3 67 (5.33%) Mobile App
4 44 (3.50%) User Experience
5 42 (3.34%) Greenfield Project
6 37 (2.95%) Analytical Skills
7 31 (2.47%) Social Media
8 29 (2.31%) Computer Science
9 28 (2.23%) iPad
9 28 (2.23%) Virtual Team
10 21 (1.67%) Data Structures
10 21 (1.67%) Fixed Income
11 18 (1.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 14 (1.11%) Algorithms
12 14 (1.11%) Replication
13 13 (1.04%) Animation
14 11 (0.88%) Equities
15 9 (0.72%) RIA
16 8 (0.64%) Cloud Native
17 7 (0.56%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 321 (25.56%) Linux
2 229 (18.23%) Unix
3 62 (4.94%) Android
4 54 (4.30%) Windows
5 52 (4.14%) VMS
6 39 (3.11%) Apple iOS
6 39 (3.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 20 (1.59%) Solaris
8 17 (1.35%) CentOS
9 13 (1.04%) Mac OS X
10 11 (0.88%) HPUX
11 6 (0.48%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.080%) AIX
12 1 (0.080%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 850 (67.68%) Agile Software Development
2 547 (43.55%) TDD
3 452 (35.99%) Test Automation
4 398 (31.69%) Continuous Integration
5 385 (30.65%) Scrum
6 306 (24.36%) BDD
7 295 (23.49%) Microservices
8 249 (19.82%) Unit Testing
9 238 (18.95%) OO
10 215 (17.12%) MVC
11 180 (14.33%) Kanban
12 172 (13.69%) DevOps
13 169 (13.46%) Open Source
14 151 (12.02%) E-Commerce
15 142 (11.31%) Software Engineering
16 140 (11.15%) SOA
17 124 (9.87%) Dependency Injection
18 109 (8.68%) SDLC
19 108 (8.60%) Configuration Management
20 100 (7.96%) Domain-Driven Design
Programming Languages
1 1161 (92.44%) Java
2 405 (32.25%) SQL
3 372 (29.62%) JavaScript
4 146 (11.62%) Scala
5 127 (10.11%) Python
6 105 (8.36%) Ruby
7 96 (7.64%) C#
8 73 (5.81%) PL/SQL
9 58 (4.62%) Groovy
10 50 (3.98%) JPQL
11 39 (3.11%) Shell Script
12 36 (2.87%) Bash Shell
13 28 (2.23%) Perl
14 27 (2.15%) XPath
15 16 (1.27%) C++
15 16 (1.27%) XQuery
16 13 (1.04%) PHP
16 13 (1.04%) PowerShell
16 13 (1.04%) T-SQL
17 9 (0.72%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 118 (9.39%) Security Cleared
2 78 (6.21%) SC Cleared
3 62 (4.94%) Degree
4 30 (2.39%) BPSS Clearance
5 23 (1.83%) Sun Certification
6 14 (1.11%) Computer Science Degree
7 10 (0.80%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.48%) ISEB
8 6 (0.48%) ISTQB
9 5 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.24%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.080%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 153 (12.18%) QA
2 13 (1.04%) WCAG
3 9 (0.72%) MiFID
4 4 (0.32%) EMIR
5 3 (0.24%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.16%) GCP
7 1 (0.080%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.080%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 174 (13.85%) Docker
2 15 (1.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 15 (1.19%) Postfix
2 15 (1.19%) Squid
2 15 (1.19%) vCloud
3 14 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
4 13 (1.04%) HDFS
5 7 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.48%) vSphere
7 5 (0.40%) Firmware
8 4 (0.32%) Varnish
9 2 (0.16%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 122 (9.71%) Ansible
2 102 (8.12%) Puppet
3 53 (4.22%) Opscode Chef
4 47 (3.74%) Kubernetes
5 46 (3.66%) Kibana
6 31 (2.47%) Grafana
7 25 (1.99%) logstash
8 19 (1.51%) Terraform
9 16 (1.27%) Rancher
10 15 (1.19%) Docker Swarm
10 15 (1.19%) ZABBIX
11 14 (1.11%) Prometheus
11 14 (1.11%) Rsyslog
11 14 (1.11%) Sysdig
12 13 (1.04%) Oozie
13 5 (0.40%) CA Service Virtualization
13 5 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
14 4 (0.32%) Salt
15 2 (0.16%) Apache Slider
15 2 (0.16%) Consul
Vendors
1 271 (21.58%) Oracle
2 62 (4.94%) Google
3 55 (4.38%) Red Hat
4 36 (2.87%) Atlassian
5 32 (2.55%) Perforce
6 31 (2.47%) webMethods
7 28 (2.23%) ATG
8 27 (2.15%) Splunk
9 26 (2.07%) Sybase
10 25 (1.99%) IBM
10 25 (1.99%) Talend
11 23 (1.83%) Adobe
12 22 (1.75%) VMware
13 21 (1.67%) TIBCO
14 18 (1.43%) Sonatype
15 17 (1.35%) CA Agile Central
16 15 (1.19%) HP
16 15 (1.19%) Solace
17 14 (1.11%) MuleSoft
18 13 (1.04%) AppDynamics