Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 235 226 211
Rank change year-on-year -9 -15 +109
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1,117 1,075 1,276
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.19% 1.19% 1.30%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.68% 6.56% 8.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 770 681 884
England median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +6.19%
10th Percentile £360 £325 £319
90th Percentile £600 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +9.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 32 7
England median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.00% +47.06% +8.28%
10th Percentile £31.58 £35.70 £26.50
90th Percentile £75.00 £63.75 £44.85
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -32.00% +47.06% +4.94%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,657 16,377 15,829
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.92% 18.13% 16.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,611 11,306 10,856
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 209 273 244
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.41% +9.21%
10th Percentile £26.45 £30.00 £26.12
90th Percentile £52.50 £59.75 £53.38
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +7.89%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 618 £525 +5.00% 122
South East -37 173 £425 -12.95% 52
North of England -61 112 £425 +1.19% 33
Midlands +5 106 £425 +6.25% 24
North West -35 62 £415 -2.47% 16
South West +7 58 £475 +11.76% 25
West Midlands -26 54 £438 +6.06% 12
East Midlands +31 50 £405 +1.25% 12
East of England -30 48 £450 +9.49% 15
Yorkshire -59 35 £438 +2.94% 12
North East -13 16 £444 +38.67% 5
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,006 (90.06%) Java
2 764 (68.40%) Agile Software Development
3 623 (55.77%) Spring
4 579 (51.84%) Git (software)
5 576 (51.57%) Jenkins
6 484 (43.33%) TDD
7 471 (42.17%) Maven
8 440 (39.39%) Test Automation
9 426 (38.14%) Continuous Integration
10 397 (35.54%) Scrum
11 376 (33.66%) REST
12 373 (33.39%) Mockito
13 363 (32.50%) RESTful
14 352 (31.51%) BDD
15 307 (27.48%) Web Services
16 297 (26.59%) JIRA
17 293 (26.23%) JavaScript
18 276 (24.71%) SQL
19 275 (24.62%) Microservices
20 273 (24.44%) Cucumber
21 272 (24.35%) Selenium
22 269 (24.08%) Java 8
23 257 (23.01%) Hibernate
24 247 (22.11%) Linux
25 246 (22.02%) DevOps
26 238 (21.31%) Docker
27 210 (18.80%) Unix
28 204 (18.26%) Amazon AWS
29 201 (17.99%) OO
30 197 (17.64%) Kanban

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 184 (16.47%) Confluence
2 115 (10.30%) Apache
3 108 (9.67%) Tomcat
4 105 (9.40%) JBoss
5 53 (4.74%) WildFly
6 47 (4.21%) Elasticsearch
7 46 (4.12%) WebLogic
8 30 (2.69%) nginx
9 28 (2.51%) WebSphere
10 18 (1.61%) Apache Spark
10 18 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
11 17 (1.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 13 (1.16%) Apache Solr
13 12 (1.07%) CMS
13 12 (1.07%) SharePoint
14 11 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 10 (0.90%) GemFire
15 10 (0.90%) Mule
16 9 (0.81%) Oracle Service Bus
17 8 (0.72%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.18%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.090%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 8 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.27%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.18%) Global One
4 2 (0.18%) ION MarketView
4 2 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.090%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.090%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 204 (18.26%) Amazon AWS
2 73 (6.54%) GitHub
3 70 (6.27%) Amazon EC2
4 44 (3.94%) Microsoft Azure
5 22 (1.97%) npm
6 19 (1.70%) AWS Lambda
6 19 (1.70%) Google Analytics
6 19 (1.70%) PaaS
7 18 (1.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 17 (1.52%) Amazon S3
8 17 (1.52%) Serverless
9 14 (1.25%) BrowserStack
10 13 (1.16%) Slack
10 13 (1.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 12 (1.07%) Sauce Labs
12 10 (0.90%) AWS CloudFormation
13 8 (0.72%) Amazon ELB
13 8 (0.72%) Cloud Computing
13 8 (0.72%) IaaS
14 7 (0.63%) Akamai
Communications & Networking
1 130 (11.64%) HTTP
2 60 (5.37%) TCP/IP
3 27 (2.42%) SSL
4 13 (1.16%) OpenVPN
5 11 (0.98%) AMQP
6 10 (0.90%) DNS
7 9 (0.81%) OpenLDAP
7 9 (0.81%) SSH
8 8 (0.72%) Internet
9 6 (0.54%) Firewall
10 5 (0.45%) SMS
11 4 (0.36%) DOCSIS
11 4 (0.36%) SMTP
12 3 (0.27%) DLNA
12 3 (0.27%) DVB
12 3 (0.27%) FTP
12 3 (0.27%) HTTPS
12 3 (0.27%) SNMP
12 3 (0.27%) UPnP
12 3 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 170 (15.22%) Relational Database
2 146 (13.07%) NoSQL
3 136 (12.18%) MongoDB
4 127 (11.37%) PostgreSQL
5 113 (10.12%) MySQL
6 82 (7.34%) RDBMS
7 74 (6.62%) SQL Server
8 60 (5.37%) Apache Cassandra
9 30 (2.69%) Big Data
10 27 (2.42%) Hadoop
11 22 (1.97%) Apache Hive
11 22 (1.97%) HBase
12 21 (1.88%) Redis
13 20 (1.79%) Oracle Database
14 17 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
15 14 (1.25%) Couchbase
16 12 (1.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 12 (1.07%) Data Warehouse
16 12 (1.07%) Hazelcast
17 11 (0.98%) DB2
Development Applications
1 579 (51.84%) Git (software)
2 576 (51.57%) Jenkins
3 471 (42.17%) Maven
4 373 (33.39%) Mockito
5 297 (26.59%) JIRA
6 273 (24.44%) Cucumber
7 272 (24.35%) Selenium
8 177 (15.85%) SonarQube
9 174 (15.58%) Gradle
10 143 (12.80%) Subversion
11 118 (10.56%) Eclipse
12 104 (9.31%) jMock
13 97 (8.68%) IntelliJ
14 82 (7.34%) DbUnit
15 81 (7.25%) Ant
16 76 (6.80%) JMeter
16 76 (6.80%) SoapUI
17 67 (6.00%) Bitbucket
18 65 (5.82%) Vagrant
19 63 (5.64%) Hudson
General
1 163 (14.59%) Finance
2 128 (11.46%) Banking
3 43 (3.85%) Investment Banking
4 41 (3.67%) Retail
5 30 (2.69%) Front Office
6 21 (1.88%) Telecoms
7 13 (1.16%) Marketing
8 10 (0.90%) Advertising
9 9 (0.81%) Back Office
10 7 (0.63%) Electronics
11 6 (0.54%) Automotive
11 6 (0.54%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.45%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.45%) Legal
12 5 (0.45%) Publishing
12 5 (0.45%) Wholesale Banking
13 4 (0.36%) Aerospace
13 4 (0.36%) Games
14 3 (0.27%) Retail Banking
15 1 (0.090%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 834 (74.66%) Developer
2 650 (58.19%) Java Developer
3 76 (6.80%) Senior Developer
4 64 (5.73%) Agile Developer
5 59 (5.28%) Senior Java Developer
6 53 (4.74%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 52 (4.66%) Scala Developer
8 51 (4.57%) Tester
9 46 (4.12%) DevOps Engineer
9 46 (4.12%) Full Stack Developer
10 45 (4.03%) Software Engineer
11 42 (3.76%) Automation Tester
12 41 (3.67%) Java Engineer
13 36 (3.22%) Android Developer
14 32 (2.86%) Test Engineer
15 31 (2.78%) J2EE Developer
16 30 (2.69%) Java/J2EE Developer
17 28 (2.51%) Lead Developer
18 26 (2.33%) Developer in Test
18 26 (2.33%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 623 (55.77%) Spring
2 376 (33.66%) REST
3 363 (32.50%) RESTful
4 307 (27.48%) Web Services
5 257 (23.01%) Hibernate
6 196 (17.55%) HTML
7 190 (17.01%) SOAP
8 188 (16.83%) XML
9 187 (16.74%) Spring Boot
10 181 (16.20%) CSS
10 181 (16.20%) J2EE
11 175 (15.67%) JSON
12 137 (12.26%) JMS
13 128 (11.46%) AngularJS
14 127 (11.37%) Java EE
15 103 (9.22%) HTML5
15 103 (9.22%) Node.js
16 99 (8.86%) Gherkin
17 92 (8.24%) Apache Camel
17 92 (8.24%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 78 (6.98%) Linux Command Line
2 58 (5.19%) Fixed Income
3 56 (5.01%) Computer Science
4 55 (4.92%) Mobile App
5 53 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
6 48 (4.30%) Greenfield Project
7 45 (4.03%) User Experience
8 39 (3.49%) Fintech
9 24 (2.15%) Algorithms
10 22 (1.97%) Data Structures
11 21 (1.88%) Virtual Team
12 16 (1.43%) NHS
13 14 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
14 13 (1.16%) Mobile Payment
15 12 (1.07%) N-Tier
15 12 (1.07%) Self-Motivation
16 11 (0.98%) iPad
17 10 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 9 (0.81%) Animation
18 9 (0.81%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 247 (22.11%) Linux
2 210 (18.80%) Unix
3 57 (5.10%) VMS
4 52 (4.66%) Android
5 50 (4.48%) Windows
6 37 (3.31%) Ubuntu
7 23 (2.06%) CentOS
8 18 (1.61%) Apple iOS
8 18 (1.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 8 (0.72%) Solaris
10 3 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.18%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.090%) DC/OS
12 1 (0.090%) RancherOS
12 1 (0.090%) Windows 2000
12 1 (0.090%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.090%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 764 (68.40%) Agile Software Development
2 484 (43.33%) TDD
3 440 (39.39%) Test Automation
4 426 (38.14%) Continuous Integration
5 397 (35.54%) Scrum
6 352 (31.51%) BDD
7 275 (24.62%) Microservices
8 246 (22.02%) DevOps
9 201 (17.99%) OO
10 197 (17.64%) Kanban
11 196 (17.55%) Open Source
12 153 (13.70%) Unit Testing
13 143 (12.80%) MVC
14 129 (11.55%) Software Engineering
15 116 (10.38%) Pair Programming
16 109 (9.76%) Problem-Solving
17 104 (9.31%) E-Commerce
18 101 (9.04%) SDLC
19 92 (8.24%) Dependency Injection
20 90 (8.06%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,006 (90.06%) Java
2 293 (26.23%) JavaScript
3 276 (24.71%) SQL
4 269 (24.08%) Java 8
5 106 (9.49%) Scala
6 87 (7.79%) Groovy
6 87 (7.79%) Python
7 75 (6.71%) Ruby
8 68 (6.09%) C#
9 56 (5.01%) JPQL
10 45 (4.03%) Shell Script
11 35 (3.13%) C
12 29 (2.60%) Bash Shell
13 26 (2.33%) Kotlin
14 25 (2.24%) Perl
14 25 (2.24%) PL/SQL
15 22 (1.97%) C++
15 22 (1.97%) Haskell
16 17 (1.52%) Java 9
17 16 (1.43%) XPath
Qualifications
1 169 (15.13%) Security Cleared
2 135 (12.09%) SC Cleared
3 82 (7.34%) Degree
4 43 (3.85%) BPSS Clearance
5 42 (3.76%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (1.79%) DV Cleared
7 12 (1.07%) ISTQB
8 10 (0.90%) ISEB
9 6 (0.54%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 5 (0.45%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.45%) HND
10 5 (0.45%) ISEB Practitioner
11 4 (0.36%) OCPJP
11 4 (0.36%) Sun Certification
12 3 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
12 3 (0.27%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.27%) PMP
13 2 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 2 (0.18%) Master's Degree
14 1 (0.090%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (7.07%) QA
2 14 (1.25%) PMO
3 3 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.27%) GDPR
4 2 (0.18%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.090%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.090%) ECSS
5 1 (0.090%) EMIR
5 1 (0.090%) MiFID
5 1 (0.090%) MIL-STD-1553
5 1 (0.090%) WCAG
System Software
1 238 (21.31%) Docker
2 47 (4.21%) vSphere
3 45 (4.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (1.70%) HDFS
5 16 (1.43%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (1.16%) vCloud
7 11 (0.98%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.81%) Postfix
8 9 (0.81%) Squid
9 8 (0.72%) Active Directory
10 2 (0.18%) ACF2
10 2 (0.18%) RACF
11 1 (0.090%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.090%) IAG
11 1 (0.090%) Xen
Systems Management
1 93 (8.33%) Kubernetes
2 82 (7.34%) Puppet
3 79 (7.07%) Ansible
4 54 (4.83%) Opscode Chef
5 49 (4.39%) Grafana
6 47 (4.21%) Kibana
7 41 (3.67%) Terraform
8 25 (2.24%) Prometheus
9 20 (1.79%) logstash
10 15 (1.34%) Rancher
11 9 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
11 9 (0.81%) ZABBIX
12 8 (0.72%) HP Quality Center
12 8 (0.72%) Rsyslog
12 8 (0.72%) Sysdig
13 7 (0.63%) Mesos
13 7 (0.63%) Oozie
14 6 (0.54%) Packer
15 5 (0.45%) Control-M
16 4 (0.36%) FreeIPA
Vendors
1 122 (10.92%) Oracle
2 89 (7.97%) Google
3 64 (5.73%) VMware
4 31 (2.78%) Adobe
5 30 (2.69%) Splunk
6 29 (2.60%) Atlassian
7 25 (2.24%) Red Hat
8 24 (2.15%) Microsoft
9 20 (1.79%) Sybase
9 20 (1.79%) webMethods
10 17 (1.52%) HP
10 17 (1.52%) IBM
11 15 (1.34%) MuleSoft
12 12 (1.07%) Murex
13 11 (0.98%) AppDynamics
13 11 (0.98%) Apple
13 11 (0.98%) SAP
14 9 (0.81%) Sonatype
15 8 (0.72%) hybris
16 7 (0.63%) Apigee