Period
to 18 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 18 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 197 204 307
Rank change year-on-year +7 +103 -49
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1,259 1,152 759
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.36% 1.28% 0.77%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.34% 7.67% 5.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 890 736 498
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
90th Percentile £613 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 7 10
England median hourly rate £62.50 £36.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.61% -28.00% +66.67%
10th Percentile £40.00 £29.05 £39.10
90th Percentile £63.75 £47.25 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £62.50 £36.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +73.61% -28.00% +11.11%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 17,147 15,014 14,480
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.57% 16.63% 14.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,130 10,068 9,711
England median daily rate £470 £430 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.30% +4.24% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £281
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £453 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +6.47% +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 223 218 340
England median hourly rate £43.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.10% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £30.05 £23.70 £21.25
90th Percentile £62.25 £52.50 £50.68
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.10% +2.50% +6.67%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 634 £500 - 163
South East -21 237 £525 +15.38% 45
North of England +30 175 £423 -0.59% 44
Midlands +40 107 £400 -4.76% 14
East of England +11 86 £425 +11.48% 18
North West +25 81 £400 -5.88% 23
Yorkshire +20 80 £425 - 21
East Midlands +43 57 £420 +5.00% 11
West Midlands +8 49 £400 -13.51% 3
South West +1 33 £425 +6.25% 30
North East +33 17 £425 +30.77%
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,179 (93.65%) Java
2 878 (69.74%) Agile Software Development
3 648 (51.47%) Spring
4 533 (42.34%) Git (software)
5 525 (41.70%) Jenkins
6 502 (39.87%) Maven
7 501 (39.79%) TDD
8 442 (35.11%) Test Automation
9 440 (34.95%) REST
10 429 (34.07%) Mockito
11 393 (31.22%) SQL
12 391 (31.06%) RESTful
13 387 (30.74%) JavaScript
14 377 (29.94%) Continuous Integration
15 362 (28.75%) Web Services
15 362 (28.75%) Scrum
16 356 (28.28%) JIRA
17 335 (26.61%) BDD
18 321 (25.50%) Microservices
18 321 (25.50%) Linux
19 305 (24.23%) Hibernate
20 279 (22.16%) Oracle
21 276 (21.92%) XML
22 252 (20.02%) Confluence
23 250 (19.86%) OO
24 247 (19.62%) SOAP
25 242 (19.22%) Unix
26 239 (18.98%) Unit Testing
27 237 (18.82%) Cucumber
28 236 (18.75%) Selenium

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 252 (20.02%) Confluence
2 159 (12.63%) Tomcat
3 151 (11.99%) Apache
4 114 (9.05%) JBoss
5 72 (5.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 67 (5.32%) Elasticsearch
7 62 (4.92%) WildFly
8 59 (4.69%) WebLogic
9 36 (2.86%) Apache Spark
10 32 (2.54%) CMS
11 31 (2.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 26 (2.07%) Cloud Foundry
12 26 (2.07%) WebSphere
13 24 (1.91%) Apache ServiceMix
14 21 (1.67%) Apache Solr
15 16 (1.27%) Mule
16 15 (1.19%) GemFire
17 10 (0.79%) Mule ESB
18 9 (0.71%) MQSeries
19 8 (0.64%) Liferay
Applications
1 6 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.16%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.079%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 31 (2.46%) Oracle BPM
2 23 (1.83%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.24%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.16%) Magento
5 2 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.079%) Oracle SCM
Cloud Services
1 160 (12.71%) Amazon AWS
2 52 (4.13%) Amazon EC2
3 42 (3.34%) GitHub
4 32 (2.54%) Amazon S3
4 32 (2.54%) Slack
5 25 (1.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 22 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
7 21 (1.67%) Microsoft Azure
8 20 (1.59%) Amazon ELB
9 18 (1.43%) npm
9 18 (1.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 17 (1.35%) OpenShift
10 17 (1.35%) PaaS
11 11 (0.87%) Amazon SQS
12 9 (0.71%) AWS Lambda
12 9 (0.71%) CloudFront
12 9 (0.71%) Serverless
13 8 (0.64%) IaaS
14 7 (0.56%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 7 (0.56%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 127 (10.09%) HTTP
2 52 (4.13%) Internet
3 50 (3.97%) TCP/IP
4 30 (2.38%) SSL
5 19 (1.51%) DNS
5 19 (1.51%) FTP
5 19 (1.51%) OpenLDAP
5 19 (1.51%) OpenVPN
5 19 (1.51%) SSH
6 8 (0.64%) LDAP
7 6 (0.48%) SMTP
8 3 (0.24%) AMQP
8 3 (0.24%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.16%) ADSL
9 2 (0.16%) Bluetooth
9 2 (0.16%) NAS
9 2 (0.16%) UPnP
9 2 (0.16%) VDSL
9 2 (0.16%) WAN
9 2 (0.16%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 227 (18.03%) Relational Database
2 155 (12.31%) NoSQL
3 148 (11.76%) RDBMS
4 119 (9.45%) MongoDB
5 105 (8.34%) MySQL
6 101 (8.02%) PostgreSQL
7 60 (4.77%) Apache Cassandra
7 60 (4.77%) SQL Server
8 42 (3.34%) Big Data
9 38 (3.02%) Hadoop
10 29 (2.30%) MarkLogic
10 29 (2.30%) Oracle Database
11 27 (2.14%) DB2
12 25 (1.99%) Redis
13 24 (1.91%) Endeca
14 22 (1.75%) Amazon RDS
15 21 (1.67%) HBase
16 20 (1.59%) Apache Hive
17 13 (1.03%) OLTP
18 11 (0.87%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 533 (42.34%) Git (software)
2 525 (41.70%) Jenkins
3 502 (39.87%) Maven
4 429 (34.07%) Mockito
5 356 (28.28%) JIRA
6 237 (18.82%) Cucumber
7 236 (18.75%) Selenium
8 175 (13.90%) Gradle
9 169 (13.42%) Ant
10 145 (11.52%) SonarQube
11 144 (11.44%) Eclipse
12 139 (11.04%) Subversion
13 112 (8.90%) IntelliJ
14 86 (6.83%) SoapUI
15 84 (6.67%) Checkstyle
15 84 (6.67%) Liquibase
16 75 (5.96%) TestNG
16 75 (5.96%) WebDriver
17 69 (5.48%) Vagrant
18 67 (5.32%) TeamCity
General
1 203 (16.12%) Finance
2 117 (9.29%) Banking
3 42 (3.34%) Publishing
4 40 (3.18%) Investment Banking
5 33 (2.62%) Retail
6 28 (2.22%) Games
6 28 (2.22%) Marketing
7 25 (1.99%) Front Office
8 15 (1.19%) Manufacturing
9 13 (1.03%) Telecoms
10 9 (0.71%) Legal
11 8 (0.64%) Automotive
12 6 (0.48%) Electronics
13 3 (0.24%) Retail Banking
14 2 (0.16%) Back Office
15 1 (0.079%) Advertising
15 1 (0.079%) Online Betting
15 1 (0.079%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 976 (77.52%) Developer
2 757 (60.13%) Java Developer
3 148 (11.76%) Senior Developer
4 124 (9.85%) Senior Java Developer
5 73 (5.80%) Agile Developer
6 62 (4.92%) Agile Java Developer
6 62 (4.92%) Software Engineer
7 57 (4.53%) Java Engineer
8 52 (4.13%) Full Stack Developer
9 50 (3.97%) Scala Developer
10 49 (3.89%) JavaScript Developer
11 45 (3.57%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 44 (3.49%) Lead Developer
13 42 (3.34%) Tester
14 39 (3.10%) Test Engineer
15 35 (2.78%) Lead Java Developer
16 34 (2.70%) Team Leader
17 33 (2.62%) Angular Developer
17 33 (2.62%) Java Team Leader
18 32 (2.54%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 648 (51.47%) Spring
2 440 (34.95%) REST
3 391 (31.06%) RESTful
4 362 (28.75%) Web Services
5 305 (24.23%) Hibernate
6 276 (21.92%) XML
7 247 (19.62%) SOAP
8 235 (18.67%) J2EE
9 230 (18.27%) JSON
10 229 (18.19%) HTML
11 203 (16.12%) JMS
12 186 (14.77%) CSS
13 185 (14.69%) Java EE
14 163 (12.95%) AngularJS
15 155 (12.31%) jQuery
16 150 (11.91%) Node.js
17 147 (11.68%) Spring Boot
18 142 (11.28%) Apache Camel
19 140 (11.12%) Spring MVC
20 114 (9.05%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 100 (7.94%) Linux Command Line
2 76 (6.04%) Enterprise Software
3 54 (4.29%) Mobile App
4 51 (4.05%) Virtual Team
5 44 (3.49%) Greenfield Project
6 43 (3.42%) User Experience
7 36 (2.86%) Analytical Skills
8 32 (2.54%) iPad
9 29 (2.30%) Social Media
10 22 (1.75%) Computer Science
11 18 (1.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 15 (1.19%) Data Structures
12 15 (1.19%) Equities
13 14 (1.11%) Algorithms
13 14 (1.11%) Replication
13 14 (1.11%) RIA
14 12 (0.95%) Animation
14 12 (0.95%) Fixed Income
15 9 (0.71%) N-Tier
15 9 (0.71%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 321 (25.50%) Linux
2 242 (19.22%) Unix
3 68 (5.40%) VMS
4 52 (4.13%) Android
4 52 (4.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 30 (2.38%) CentOS
5 30 (2.38%) Windows
6 28 (2.22%) Apple iOS
7 13 (1.03%) Mac OS X
8 12 (0.95%) Solaris
9 10 (0.79%) HPUX
10 8 (0.64%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.16%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 878 (69.74%) Agile Software Development
2 501 (39.79%) TDD
3 442 (35.11%) Test Automation
4 377 (29.94%) Continuous Integration
5 362 (28.75%) Scrum
6 335 (26.61%) BDD
7 321 (25.50%) Microservices
8 250 (19.86%) OO
9 239 (18.98%) Unit Testing
10 216 (17.16%) MVC
11 182 (14.46%) Kanban
12 174 (13.82%) DevOps
13 162 (12.87%) E-Commerce
14 152 (12.07%) Open Source
15 150 (11.91%) Software Engineering
16 129 (10.25%) Dependency Injection
17 125 (9.93%) SOA
18 117 (9.29%) SDLC
19 116 (9.21%) Configuration Management
20 115 (9.13%) Domain-Driven Design
Programming Languages
1 1,179 (93.65%) Java
2 393 (31.22%) SQL
3 387 (30.74%) JavaScript
4 129 (10.25%) Python
5 118 (9.37%) Scala
6 93 (7.39%) Ruby
7 87 (6.91%) C#
8 75 (5.96%) Groovy
9 63 (5.00%) JPQL
9 63 (5.00%) PL/SQL
10 45 (3.57%) Shell Script
11 42 (3.34%) Perl
12 41 (3.26%) XPath
13 32 (2.54%) Bash Shell
14 20 (1.59%) XQuery
15 19 (1.51%) C++
16 13 (1.03%) C
17 10 (0.79%) Kotlin
17 10 (0.79%) T-SQL
18 9 (0.71%) ES6
Qualifications
1 142 (11.28%) Security Cleared
2 96 (7.63%) SC Cleared
3 54 (4.29%) Degree
4 29 (2.30%) BPSS Clearance
5 26 (2.07%) Sun Certification
6 13 (1.03%) DV Cleared
7 10 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (0.56%) ISEB
8 7 (0.56%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.24%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 149 (11.83%) QA
2 9 (0.71%) WCAG
3 5 (0.40%) MiFID
4 2 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
4 2 (0.16%) EMIR
4 2 (0.16%) GCP
5 1 (0.079%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.079%) PMO
System Software
1 176 (13.98%) Docker
2 21 (1.67%) HDFS
2 21 (1.67%) VMware Infrastructure
2 21 (1.67%) vSphere
3 19 (1.51%) Postfix
3 19 (1.51%) Squid
3 19 (1.51%) vCloud
3 19 (1.51%) Virtual Machines
4 15 (1.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (0.40%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.24%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.16%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 140 (11.12%) Ansible
2 130 (10.33%) Puppet
3 77 (6.12%) Opscode Chef
4 50 (3.97%) Kibana
5 45 (3.57%) Kubernetes
6 34 (2.70%) Grafana
7 31 (2.46%) logstash
8 27 (2.14%) Terraform
9 21 (1.67%) Rancher
10 19 (1.51%) Docker Swarm
10 19 (1.51%) ZABBIX
11 18 (1.43%) Rsyslog
11 18 (1.43%) Sysdig
12 9 (0.71%) CA Service Virtualization
13 6 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
14 5 (0.40%) Oozie
15 4 (0.32%) Packer
15 4 (0.32%) Salt
16 3 (0.24%) Graphite
16 3 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 279 (22.16%) Oracle
2 76 (6.04%) Red Hat
3 46 (3.65%) Google
4 41 (3.26%) Atlassian
5 40 (3.18%) VMware
6 30 (2.38%) Adobe
6 30 (2.38%) Sybase
6 30 (2.38%) webMethods
7 29 (2.30%) ATG
8 25 (1.99%) Perforce
9 23 (1.83%) IBM
10 22 (1.75%) Sonatype
11 21 (1.67%) Talend
12 20 (1.59%) Splunk
13 17 (1.35%) Microsoft
13 17 (1.35%) MuleSoft
14 16 (1.27%) HP
15 13 (1.03%) AppDynamics
15 13 (1.03%) CA
16 11 (0.87%) Solace