Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 2 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK > England
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 377 290 248
Rank change year-on-year -87 -42 +23
Contract jobs citing JUnit 462 458 389
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.64% 0.87% 1.06%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.71% 4.99% 5.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 290 316 272
10th Percentile £425 £388 £350
25th Percentile £485 £450 £415
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% - -
75th Percentile £688 £608 £575
90th Percentile £788 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £550 £497 £500
% change year-on-year +10.78% -0.70% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 20 2
10th Percentile £42.50 £43.80 £54.18
25th Percentile £50.00 £61.50 £54.81
Median hourly rate £70.00 £65.52 £57.75
Median % change year-on-year +6.84% +13.45% +5.99%
75th Percentile £77.00 £69.50 £60.44
90th Percentile £77.50 £73.45 £60.93
UK median hourly rate £68.75 £65.25 £57.75
% change year-on-year +5.36% +12.99% +5.99%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 12,448 9,183 6,900
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.28% 17.42% 18.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,786 6,109 4,877
10th Percentile £400 £350 £340
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £670 £600 £594
90th Percentile £763 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 179 173 92
10th Percentile £36.45 £24.89 £21.25
25th Percentile £41.25 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate £52.50 £50.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65.00 £57.50 £55.00
90th Percentile £76.00 £65.53 £63.68
UK median hourly rate £52.65 £48.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +8.56% +2.09% +5.56%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in England.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in England

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit in England over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in England

JUnit
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the England region over the 6 months to 2 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -68 301 £619 +17.86% 52
North of England -48 39 £500 - 9
North West -30 22 £428 -10.83% 6
South East -57 20 £500 +5.26% 11
South West -18 19 £600 +20.48% 12
East of England -13 18 £581 +8.50% 3
Yorkshire -23 14 £500 +5.26% 3
Midlands -31 14 £519 +25.76% 3
East Midlands +2 12 £519 +25.76%
North East -24 3 - -
West Midlands -41 2 - - 3
JUnit
UK

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 415 (89.83%) Java
2 267 (57.79%) Agile
3 239 (51.73%) Spring
4 200 (43.29%) Git (software)
5 195 (42.21%) TDD
6 188 (40.69%) Jenkins
7 176 (38.10%) REST
8 171 (37.01%) Maven
9 167 (36.15%) Spring Boot
10 163 (35.28%) CI/CD
11 153 (33.12%) Mockito
12 150 (32.47%) Scrum
12 150 (32.47%) Microservices
13 146 (31.60%) Test Automation
14 133 (28.79%) AWS
15 131 (28.35%) Docker
16 128 (27.71%) JavaScript
17 125 (27.06%) DevOps
18 119 (25.76%) BDD
19 111 (24.03%) Oracle
20 108 (23.38%) Cucumber
21 105 (22.73%) Hibernate
22 102 (22.08%) JSON
22 102 (22.08%) SQL
23 97 (21.00%) JIRA
24 94 (20.35%) Linux
25 88 (19.05%) Software Engineering
26 86 (18.61%) Social Skills
27 83 (17.97%) Gradle
28 81 (17.53%) Finance

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 72 (15.58%) Confluence
2 37 (8.01%) JBoss
3 31 (6.71%) Mule
4 18 (3.90%) Red Hat Fuse
5 15 (3.25%) Cloud Foundry
6 13 (2.81%) CMS
6 13 (2.81%) Sitecore CMS
7 12 (2.60%) Apache
8 10 (2.16%) Tomcat
9 7 (1.52%) Apache Spark
10 6 (1.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 6 (1.30%) Documentum
10 6 (1.30%) FileNet
10 6 (1.30%) WebSphere
11 4 (0.87%) OpenStack
12 3 (0.65%) Jetty
13 2 (0.43%) Anypoint
13 2 (0.43%) Apache Pulsar
13 2 (0.43%) GlassFish
13 2 (0.43%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 1 (0.22%) Chatbot
1 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
1 1 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 133 (28.79%) AWS
2 79 (17.10%) GitHub
3 75 (16.23%) Azure
4 35 (7.58%) Amazon EC2
5 33 (7.14%) Serverless
6 32 (6.93%) AWS Lambda
6 32 (6.93%) GCP
7 25 (5.41%) Amazon SQS
8 23 (4.98%) Amazon S3
9 22 (4.76%) npm
10 18 (3.90%) Apigee
11 17 (3.68%) Slack
12 16 (3.46%) OpenShift
13 13 (2.81%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 13 (2.81%) AWS CodePipeline
14 11 (2.38%) GitHub Actions
15 10 (2.16%) Google Play
16 9 (1.95%) IaaS
16 9 (1.95%) PaaS
17 8 (1.73%) AWS KMS
Communications & Networking
1 23 (4.98%) HTTP
2 21 (4.55%) Internet
3 5 (1.08%) HTTPS
4 4 (0.87%) LAN
5 2 (0.43%) FTP
6 1 (0.22%) 2G
6 1 (0.22%) DHCP
6 1 (0.22%) Firewall
6 1 (0.22%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.22%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (15.37%) SQL Server
2 65 (14.07%) Relational Database
3 52 (11.26%) MongoDB
3 52 (11.26%) PostgreSQL
4 44 (9.52%) MySQL
5 22 (4.76%) Redis
6 21 (4.55%) NoSQL
7 20 (4.33%) Amazon RDS
8 17 (3.68%) DynamoDB
9 14 (3.03%) Big Data
9 14 (3.03%) SQLPlus
10 12 (2.60%) RDBMS
11 10 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
11 10 (2.16%) Hazelcast
11 10 (2.16%) Oracle Database
12 7 (1.52%) Hadoop
12 7 (1.52%) SQLite
13 6 (1.30%) HBase
14 5 (1.08%) Apache Cassandra
14 5 (1.08%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 200 (43.29%) Git (software)
2 188 (40.69%) Jenkins
3 171 (37.01%) Maven
4 153 (33.12%) Mockito
5 108 (23.38%) Cucumber
6 97 (21.00%) JIRA
7 83 (17.97%) Gradle
8 74 (16.02%) Selenium
9 55 (11.90%) SonarQube
10 53 (11.47%) GitLab
11 43 (9.31%) Subversion
12 42 (9.09%) IntelliJ
13 35 (7.58%) Sonatype Nexus
14 32 (6.93%) Android Studio
14 32 (6.93%) JMeter
14 32 (6.93%) jMock
15 26 (5.63%) Bitbucket
16 25 (5.41%) REST Assured
17 21 (4.55%) Eclipse
18 20 (4.33%) Postman
General
1 86 (18.61%) Social Skills
2 81 (17.53%) Finance
3 51 (11.04%) Front Office
4 49 (10.61%) Banking
5 37 (8.01%) Analytical Skills
6 32 (6.93%) Public Sector
7 27 (5.84%) Investment Banking
8 8 (1.73%) Automotive
8 8 (1.73%) Financial Institution
9 6 (1.30%) Retail
10 5 (1.08%) Legal
10 5 (1.08%) Marketing
11 4 (0.87%) Documentation Skills
12 3 (0.65%) Electronics
12 3 (0.65%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.65%) Telecoms
13 2 (0.43%) Games
13 2 (0.43%) Influencing Skills
13 2 (0.43%) Military
13 2 (0.43%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 331 (71.65%) Developer
2 235 (50.87%) Java Developer
3 58 (12.55%) Senior Developer
4 38 (8.23%) Senior Java Developer
5 26 (5.63%) Android Developer
5 26 (5.63%) Full Stack Developer
6 24 (5.19%) Front Office Developer
7 21 (4.55%) Integration Developer
8 20 (4.33%) Java Engineer
9 17 (3.68%) Java Middleware Developer
9 17 (3.68%) Middleware Developer
9 17 (3.68%) Software Engineer
10 15 (3.25%) Agile Developer
10 15 (3.25%) Software Developer
10 15 (3.25%) Test Engineer
10 15 (3.25%) Tester
11 14 (3.03%) Agile Java Developer
12 13 (2.81%) Automation Tester
13 12 (2.60%) Backend Developer
13 12 (2.60%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 239 (51.73%) Spring
2 176 (38.10%) REST
3 167 (36.15%) Spring Boot
4 105 (22.73%) Hibernate
5 102 (22.08%) JSON
6 81 (17.53%) Web Services
7 76 (16.45%) HTML
8 65 (14.07%) Kafka
9 63 (13.64%) React
10 62 (13.42%) JPA
11 60 (12.99%) JMS
12 59 (12.77%) CSS
13 58 (12.55%) Node.js
14 52 (11.26%) J2EE
15 51 (11.04%) SOAP
16 39 (8.44%) AngularJS
17 37 (8.01%) RESTful
18 34 (7.36%) JSF
19 32 (6.93%) RabbitMQ
20 30 (6.49%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 34 (7.36%) User Experience
2 29 (6.28%) Algorithms
3 25 (5.41%) Fixed Income
4 23 (4.98%) Mobile App
5 18 (3.90%) Enterprise Software
6 17 (3.68%) Management Information System
7 12 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
8 11 (2.38%) Greenfield Project
9 10 (2.16%) Cloud Native
10 8 (1.73%) Replication
11 7 (1.52%) Data Protection Act
11 7 (1.52%) Data Structures
12 5 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 4 (0.87%) Client/Server
13 4 (0.87%) Credit Risk
14 3 (0.65%) Hedge funds
14 3 (0.65%) Legacy Applications
14 3 (0.65%) NHS
14 3 (0.65%) Public Cloud
15 2 (0.43%) Legacy Code
Operating Systems
1 94 (20.35%) Linux
2 47 (10.17%) Android
3 33 (7.14%) Unix
4 29 (6.28%) Windows
5 20 (4.33%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.65%) Solaris
7 2 (0.43%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.43%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.22%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 267 (57.79%) Agile
2 195 (42.21%) TDD
3 163 (35.28%) CI/CD
4 150 (32.47%) Microservices
4 150 (32.47%) Scrum
5 146 (31.60%) Test Automation
6 125 (27.06%) DevOps
7 119 (25.76%) BDD
8 88 (19.05%) Software Engineering
9 77 (16.67%) Continuous Integration
10 74 (16.02%) Kanban
11 65 (14.07%) Event-Driven
12 64 (13.85%) Unit Testing
13 55 (11.90%) Full Stack Development
13 55 (11.90%) Problem-Solving
14 50 (10.82%) Continuous Delivery
15 46 (9.96%) OO
16 45 (9.74%) Multithreading
17 43 (9.31%) Android Development
18 40 (8.66%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 415 (89.83%) Java
2 128 (27.71%) JavaScript
3 102 (22.08%) SQL
4 69 (14.94%) Python
5 50 (10.82%) Kotlin
6 28 (6.06%) TypeScript
7 27 (5.84%) PL/SQL
8 20 (4.33%) Shell Script
9 15 (3.25%) ES6
10 14 (3.03%) C#
11 13 (2.81%) Bash
12 11 (2.38%) PHP
13 10 (2.16%) Apple Swift
13 10 (2.16%) C++
13 10 (2.16%) Groovy
13 10 (2.16%) Scala
14 8 (1.73%) C
14 8 (1.73%) PowerShell
15 7 (1.52%) Ruby
16 6 (1.30%) Go
Qualifications
1 65 (14.07%) Security Cleared
2 54 (11.69%) SC Cleared
3 35 (7.58%) Degree
4 20 (4.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.73%) BPSS Clearance
5 8 (1.73%) DV Cleared
6 5 (1.08%) ISTQB
7 4 (0.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.65%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.65%) OCPJP
8 3 (0.65%) Sun Certification
9 2 (0.43%) ISEB
9 2 (0.43%) MBA
9 2 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.43%) PhD
10 1 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.22%) OCP
10 1 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (5.41%) QA
2 19 (4.11%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.65%) GDPR
4 1 (0.22%) FATCA
4 1 (0.22%) NCSC
System Software
1 131 (28.35%) Docker
2 7 (1.52%) Postfix
3 6 (1.30%) VirtualBox
4 4 (0.87%) HDFS
4 4 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.87%) vSphere
5 2 (0.43%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.43%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 75 (16.23%) Kubernetes
2 46 (9.96%) Ansible
3 22 (4.76%) Terraform
4 21 (4.55%) Puppet
5 19 (4.11%) Kibana
6 12 (2.60%) Opscode Chef
7 10 (2.16%) Grafana
8 6 (1.30%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.65%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 3 (0.65%) logstash
9 3 (0.65%) Nagios
10 2 (0.43%) Consul
10 2 (0.43%) Control-M
10 2 (0.43%) HP Fortify
10 2 (0.43%) ITRS Geneos
10 2 (0.43%) Oozie
11 1 (0.22%) HP ALM
11 1 (0.22%) Istio
11 1 (0.22%) Pingdom
11 1 (0.22%) Rancher
Vendors
1 111 (24.03%) Oracle
2 31 (6.71%) Google
3 25 (5.41%) AppDynamics
3 25 (5.41%) IBM
4 23 (4.98%) Microsoft
5 22 (4.76%) ION Trading
6 20 (4.33%) Sybase
7 19 (4.11%) Splunk
8 13 (2.81%) Sitecore
9 11 (2.38%) CA Agile Central
10 10 (2.16%) CA
11 9 (1.95%) Checkmarx
11 9 (1.95%) New Relic
12 8 (1.73%) Atlassian
13 6 (1.30%) Adobe
13 6 (1.30%) Confluent
13 6 (1.30%) OpenText
13 6 (1.30%) WSO2
14 5 (1.08%) ForgeRock
14 5 (1.08%) VMware