Period
to 26 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 26 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 114 82 81
Rank change year-on-year -32 -1 -13
Permanent jobs citing BDD 3,249 1,705 4,582
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.04% 3.84% 3.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.23% 4.12% 3.81%
Number of salaries quoted 1,979 1,447 3,472
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £48,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year -4.00% +8.70% +8.49%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,625 £75,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year - +4.35% +9.52%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 100,703 41,407 120,181
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.13% 93.33% 92.63%
Number of salaries quoted 68,048 34,590 96,419
10th Percentile £33,000 £33,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,656
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +9.52% +2.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,750 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD in England.

Salary trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Salary histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -40 1,741 £70,000 - 326
South East +9 609 £55,000 - 84
North of England -24 386 £52,500 +5.00% 101
Midlands -33 217 £55,000 - 58
North West -13 203 £50,000 - 60
South West -53 192 £56,250 +8.17% 36
Yorkshire -35 166 £57,500 +15.00% 22
West Midlands -38 127 £55,000 - 28
East Midlands -25 89 £51,000 +2.00% 29
East of England -78 46 £61,250 +36.11% 32
North East -39 17 £42,500 -5.56% 19
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2021, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 2,601 (80.06%) Agile Software Development
2 2,472 (76.08%) TDD
3 1,479 (45.52%) Java
4 1,281 (39.43%) Microservices
5 1,260 (38.78%) Scrum
6 1,224 (37.67%) Test Automation
7 1,181 (36.35%) JavaScript
8 1,054 (32.44%) React
9 1,035 (31.86%) DevOps
10 969 (29.82%) AWS
11 934 (28.75%) C#
12 901 (27.73%) Azure
13 884 (27.21%) Jenkins
14 872 (26.84%) Continuous Integration
15 840 (25.85%) Software Engineering
16 833 (25.64%) Git (software)
17 748 (23.02%) Docker
18 720 (22.16%) QA
19 718 (22.10%) Social Skills
20 686 (21.11%) Selenium
21 682 (20.99%) Spring
22 681 (20.96%) REST
23 668 (20.56%) Full Stack Development
24 667 (20.53%) SQL
24 667 (20.53%) .NET
25 666 (20.50%) AngularJS
26 649 (19.98%) Finance
27 632 (19.45%) Node.js
28 599 (18.44%) Python
29 588 (18.10%) CSS

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 176 (5.42%) Confluence
2 164 (5.05%) Apache
3 129 (3.97%) Apache Spark
4 126 (3.88%) Elasticsearch
5 122 (3.76%) GemFire
6 80 (2.46%) CMS
7 46 (1.42%) Tomcat
8 27 (0.83%) Apache Solr
9 23 (0.71%) Oracle Workflow
10 21 (0.65%) Drupal
11 20 (0.62%) JBoss
11 20 (0.62%) nginx
12 18 (0.55%) SharePoint
13 17 (0.52%) Headless CMS
14 16 (0.49%) IIS
15 14 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
16 10 (0.31%) WordPress
17 9 (0.28%) Camunda
17 9 (0.28%) Umbraco
18 7 (0.22%) OpenStack
Applications
1 17 (0.52%) Figma
2 12 (0.37%) Sketch
3 8 (0.25%) Chatbot
3 8 (0.25%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
5 6 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
6 4 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.092%) EngageOne
7 3 (0.092%) PlantUML
8 2 (0.062%) Mingle
8 2 (0.062%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.031%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 38 (1.17%) Payment Gateway
2 31 (0.95%) Shopify
3 5 (0.15%) Magento
3 5 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.092%) SDL Web 8
5 2 (0.062%) Actimize
5 2 (0.062%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.062%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.031%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.031%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.031%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 969 (29.82%) AWS
2 901 (27.73%) Azure
3 463 (14.25%) GitHub
4 435 (13.39%) Serverless
5 341 (10.50%) GCP
6 194 (5.97%) SaaS
7 185 (5.69%) AWS Lambda
8 112 (3.45%) Amazon S3
9 109 (3.35%) Amazon Kinesis
10 106 (3.26%) Amazon EC2
11 91 (2.80%) Amazon SQS
12 76 (2.34%) Amazon ECS
12 76 (2.34%) AWS CloudFormation
13 54 (1.66%) npm
14 53 (1.63%) PaaS
15 50 (1.54%) Azure Functions
16 47 (1.45%) BrowserStack
17 43 (1.32%) Amazon Cognito
18 42 (1.29%) Apigee
19 38 (1.17%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 140 (4.31%) HTTP
2 90 (2.77%) Broadband
3 58 (1.79%) Internet
4 22 (0.68%) DNS
5 16 (0.49%) WebEx
6 13 (0.40%) AMQP
7 11 (0.34%) MQTT
8 8 (0.25%) RTP
9 7 (0.22%) SMTP
9 7 (0.22%) SSH
9 7 (0.22%) Wireshark
10 5 (0.15%) 5G
11 4 (0.12%) Network Security
12 3 (0.092%) VoIP
13 2 (0.062%) TCP/IP
13 2 (0.062%) Wi-Fi
14 1 (0.031%) 2G
14 1 (0.031%) DSL
14 1 (0.031%) Firewall
14 1 (0.031%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 474 (14.59%) NoSQL
2 342 (10.53%) SQL Server
3 322 (9.91%) PostgreSQL
4 309 (9.51%) Big Data
5 304 (9.36%) Relational Database
6 253 (7.79%) Redis
7 195 (6.00%) MySQL
8 193 (5.94%) MongoDB
9 125 (3.85%) HBase
10 116 (3.57%) MariaDB
11 107 (3.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 64 (1.97%) Amazon RDS
13 57 (1.75%) Amazon Aurora
14 49 (1.51%) Apache Cassandra
15 44 (1.35%) Amazon Athena
16 40 (1.23%) RDBMS
17 39 (1.20%) Azure SQL Database
18 37 (1.14%) Oracle Database
19 29 (0.89%) Data Warehouse
20 27 (0.83%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 884 (27.21%) Jenkins
2 833 (25.64%) Git (software)
3 686 (21.11%) Selenium
4 572 (17.61%) Cucumber
5 455 (14.00%) JIRA
6 314 (9.66%) Cypress.io
7 285 (8.77%) SpecFlow
8 252 (7.76%) JUnit
9 239 (7.36%) Postman
10 201 (6.19%) Maven
11 192 (5.91%) WebDriver
12 191 (5.88%) Gradle
13 183 (5.63%) Mockito
14 181 (5.57%) GitLab
15 157 (4.83%) SonarQube
16 153 (4.71%) Protractor
17 151 (4.65%) TeamCity
18 147 (4.52%) IntelliJ
19 143 (4.40%) Storybook
20 141 (4.34%) JMeter
General
1 718 (22.10%) Social Skills
2 649 (19.98%) Finance
3 365 (11.23%) Banking
4 217 (6.68%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 211 (6.49%) Retail
6 168 (5.17%) Law
7 133 (4.09%) Analytical Skills
8 119 (3.66%) Public Sector
9 79 (2.43%) Marketing
10 60 (1.85%) Publishing
11 51 (1.57%) Games
12 48 (1.48%) Back Office
13 47 (1.45%) Investment Banking
14 45 (1.39%) Manufacturing
15 37 (1.14%) Legal
16 35 (1.08%) Financial Institution
17 34 (1.05%) Pharmaceutical
18 33 (1.02%) Advertising
18 33 (1.02%) Electronics
19 32 (0.98%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 1,547 (47.61%) Developer
2 491 (15.11%) Java Developer
3 441 (13.57%) Software Engineer
4 356 (10.96%) Senior Developer
5 235 (7.23%) Software Developer
6 231 (7.11%) .NET Developer
7 229 (7.05%) Full Stack Developer
8 210 (6.46%) Test Engineer
9 192 (5.91%) QA Engineer
10 173 (5.32%) React Developer
11 140 (4.31%) Analyst
11 140 (4.31%) Lead Developer
12 138 (4.25%) Senior Software Engineer
13 133 (4.09%) C# Developer
14 129 (3.97%) Tester
15 116 (3.57%) PHP Developer
16 106 (3.26%) Automation Engineer
17 102 (3.14%) Test Automation Engineer
18 101 (3.11%) Java Engineer
19 98 (3.02%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,054 (32.44%) React
2 682 (20.99%) Spring
3 681 (20.96%) REST
4 667 (20.53%) .NET
5 666 (20.50%) AngularJS
6 632 (19.45%) Node.js
7 588 (18.10%) CSS
8 535 (16.47%) RESTful
9 481 (14.80%) HTML
10 440 (13.54%) Web Services
11 359 (11.05%) .NET Core
12 300 (9.23%) Kafka
13 280 (8.62%) Redux
14 271 (8.34%) JSON
15 266 (8.19%) Hibernate
16 262 (8.06%) GraphQL
17 236 (7.26%) Spring Boot
18 223 (6.86%) RabbitMQ
19 214 (6.59%) ASP.NET
20 203 (6.25%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 251 (7.73%) User Experience
2 203 (6.25%) Greenfield Project
3 166 (5.11%) Mobile App
4 127 (3.91%) Self-Motivation
5 126 (3.88%) Linux Command Line
6 100 (3.08%) Algorithms
7 83 (2.55%) Video\Live Streaming
8 65 (2.00%) Cloud Native
8 65 (2.00%) Video on Demand
9 64 (1.97%) Virtual Team
10 61 (1.88%) Over-the-Top Content
11 58 (1.79%) NHS
12 55 (1.69%) Social Media
13 47 (1.45%) Data Structures
13 47 (1.45%) iPad
14 38 (1.17%) Legacy Systems
15 36 (1.11%) Life Science
16 28 (0.86%) BBC
17 27 (0.83%) Internet of Things
17 27 (0.83%) PlayStation
Operating Systems
1 302 (9.30%) Linux
2 169 (5.20%) Unix
3 164 (5.05%) Android
4 115 (3.54%) Apple iOS
5 88 (2.71%) Windows
6 34 (1.05%) Mesosphere
7 5 (0.15%) VMS
8 4 (0.12%) Tizen
8 4 (0.12%) webOS
8 4 (0.12%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.092%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.062%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,601 (80.06%) Agile Software Development
2 2,472 (76.08%) TDD
3 1,281 (39.43%) Microservices
4 1,260 (38.78%) Scrum
5 1,224 (37.67%) Test Automation
6 1,035 (31.86%) DevOps
7 872 (26.84%) Continuous Integration
8 840 (25.85%) Software Engineering
9 668 (20.56%) Full Stack Development
10 499 (15.36%) Mentoring
11 488 (15.02%) Software Testing
12 462 (14.22%) Open Source
13 441 (13.57%) Problem-Solving
14 404 (12.43%) Kanban
15 389 (11.97%) SOLID
16 376 (11.57%) OO
17 362 (11.14%) SDLC
18 358 (11.02%) Continuous Improvement
19 353 (10.86%) Fintech
20 344 (10.59%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1,479 (45.52%) Java
2 1,181 (36.35%) JavaScript
3 934 (28.75%) C#
4 667 (20.53%) SQL
5 599 (18.44%) Python
6 359 (11.05%) TypeScript
7 305 (9.39%) Java 8
8 219 (6.74%) PHP
9 156 (4.80%) Groovy
10 140 (4.31%) Go
11 137 (4.22%) Shell Script
12 122 (3.76%) Ruby
13 109 (3.35%) Kotlin
14 108 (3.32%) Scala
15 91 (2.80%) PowerShell
16 71 (2.19%) C
17 68 (2.09%) ES6
18 65 (2.00%) Java 11
19 63 (1.94%) C++
20 45 (1.39%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 357 (10.99%) Degree
2 252 (7.76%) Security Cleared
3 230 (7.08%) SC Cleared
4 122 (3.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 113 (3.48%) OCP
5 113 (3.48%) Oracle Certification
6 105 (3.23%) ISTQB
7 48 (1.48%) ISEB
8 41 (1.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 21 (0.65%) Master's Degree
10 15 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
11 8 (0.25%) DV Cleared
12 7 (0.22%) AWS Certification
13 5 (0.15%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 4 (0.12%) CITP
14 4 (0.12%) ISEB Practitioner
15 2 (0.062%) CTC Cleared
16 1 (0.031%) CEH
16 1 (0.031%) CSPO
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 720 (22.16%) QA
2 88 (2.71%) Accessibility
3 21 (0.65%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.37%) WAI
5 6 (0.18%) GDPR
6 5 (0.15%) ISO 20022
6 5 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.12%) HIPAA
7 4 (0.12%) SEPA
7 4 (0.12%) SOC 2
8 1 (0.031%) WCAG
System Software
1 748 (23.02%) Docker
2 120 (3.69%) HDFS
3 92 (2.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (0.80%) Active Directory
5 23 (0.71%) NDS
5 23 (0.71%) NetIQ eDirectory
5 23 (0.71%) Postfix
6 8 (0.25%) Firmware
7 7 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.092%) vSphere
9 1 (0.031%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 486 (14.96%) Kubernetes
2 317 (9.76%) Terraform
3 223 (6.86%) Ansible
4 88 (2.71%) Opscode Chef
5 70 (2.15%) Kibana
6 64 (1.97%) Puppet
7 52 (1.60%) Grafana
8 51 (1.57%) logstash
9 41 (1.26%) Opsgenie
10 35 (1.08%) Consul
11 34 (1.05%) Automic
11 34 (1.05%) Prometheus
12 30 (0.92%) Graphite
12 30 (0.92%) Graylog
13 25 (0.77%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 21 (0.65%) MIIS
15 19 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
16 13 (0.40%) Packer
17 11 (0.34%) Pingdom
17 11 (0.34%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 216 (6.65%) Microsoft
2 183 (5.63%) Google
3 168 (5.17%) Oracle
4 127 (3.91%) VMware
5 124 (3.82%) Okta
6 46 (1.42%) Splunk
7 34 (1.05%) Atlassian
8 31 (0.95%) Cognizant
8 31 (0.95%) Elastic Path
9 27 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
9 27 (0.83%) Xamarin
10 25 (0.77%) ForgeRock
10 25 (0.77%) NetIQ
11 24 (0.74%) HP
12 21 (0.65%) Adobe
12 21 (0.65%) SAP
13 20 (0.62%) New Relic
14 19 (0.58%) Apple
15 16 (0.49%) PayPal
16 14 (0.43%) LexisNexis