Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 110 109 80
Rank change year-on-year -1 -29 +4
Permanent jobs citing BDD 4,806 2,960 2,834
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.23% 3.13% 3.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.39% 3.33% 4.18%
Number of salaries quoted 1,720 2,059 2,401
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,486 £35,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £48,750 £44,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £86,250 £90,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 141,947 88,864 67,836
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 95.30% 94.04% 93.03%
Number of salaries quoted 74,655 62,253 55,324
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £56,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.19% +2.73% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD in England.

Salary trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Salary histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 30 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +4 3,266 £75,000 +7.14% 192
North of England +9 506 £55,000 - 72
South East -64 479 £60,000 +9.09% 54
North West +17 284 £62,500 +19.05% 35
Yorkshire -8 208 £50,000 -9.09% 31
South West -30 202 £60,000 +9.09% 33
Midlands -66 192 £52,500 -4.55% 27
East of England -9 144 £60,000 - 21
West Midlands -49 139 £52,500 -4.55% 23
East Midlands -50 53 £50,000 +5.26% 4
North East -21 14 £50,000 -4.76% 6
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,940 (81.98%) Agile
2 3,846 (80.02%) TDD
3 2,384 (49.60%) Java
4 2,212 (46.03%) CI/CD
5 2,126 (44.24%) Test Automation
6 1,977 (41.14%) JavaScript
7 1,973 (41.05%) AWS
8 1,781 (37.06%) Azure
9 1,765 (36.72%) Scrum
10 1,758 (36.58%) Finance
11 1,675 (34.85%) DevOps
12 1,653 (34.39%) Git (software)
13 1,638 (34.08%) Software Engineering
14 1,559 (32.44%) Microservices
15 1,499 (31.19%) Docker
16 1,371 (28.53%) Python
17 1,366 (28.42%) Kubernetes
18 1,334 (27.76%) SQL
19 1,298 (27.01%) .NET
20 1,186 (24.68%) C#
21 1,180 (24.55%) Continuous Integration
22 1,171 (24.37%) React
23 1,133 (23.57%) Mentoring
24 1,007 (20.95%) Social Skills
25 981 (20.41%) Node.js
26 960 (19.98%) REST
27 945 (19.66%) CSS
28 934 (19.43%) QA
29 931 (19.37%) Jenkins
30 928 (19.31%) HTML

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 255 (5.31%) Confluence
2 236 (4.91%) Apache Spark
3 104 (2.16%) Apache
4 74 (1.54%) CMS
5 50 (1.04%) WordPress
6 35 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
7 31 (0.65%) Camunda
7 31 (0.65%) Jetty
8 27 (0.56%) IIS
8 27 (0.56%) Oracle Workflow
8 27 (0.56%) SharePoint
9 26 (0.54%) nginx
10 22 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
11 19 (0.40%) WebLogic
12 16 (0.33%) Mule
13 14 (0.29%) JBoss
14 13 (0.27%) WebSphere
15 12 (0.25%) Anypoint
15 12 (0.25%) WebSphere Application Server
16 9 (0.19%) GemFire
Applications
1 28 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (0.42%) MS Visio
3 18 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
4 13 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
5 9 (0.19%) Maple
6 4 (0.083%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.083%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.021%) InVision
Business Applications
1 28 (0.58%) Payment Gateway
2 26 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.50%) Oracle BPM
4 15 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
5 9 (0.19%) Shopify
6 7 (0.15%) Magento
7 2 (0.042%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.042%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,973 (41.05%) AWS
2 1,781 (37.06%) Azure
3 923 (19.21%) Serverless
4 906 (18.85%) GCP
5 622 (12.94%) AWS Lambda
6 360 (7.49%) Azure DevOps
7 278 (5.78%) GitHub
8 272 (5.66%) OpenShift
9 258 (5.37%) Amazon S3
10 234 (4.87%) SaaS
11 200 (4.16%) Cloud Functions
12 165 (3.43%) AWS CloudFormation
13 163 (3.39%) Amazon SQS
14 156 (3.25%) Amazon EC2
15 154 (3.20%) Amazon ECS
16 141 (2.93%) Cloud Computing
17 126 (2.62%) PaaS
18 122 (2.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 120 (2.50%) Amazon Kinesis
20 97 (2.02%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 217 (4.52%) Internet
2 66 (1.37%) Broadband
3 65 (1.35%) HTTP
4 43 (0.89%) WebEx
5 33 (0.69%) MQTT
6 24 (0.50%) PPP
7 23 (0.48%) VoIP
8 14 (0.29%) Firewall
8 14 (0.29%) Skype
9 12 (0.25%) DNS
10 9 (0.19%) Network Security
10 9 (0.19%) TCP/IP
11 8 (0.17%) Cisco ASA
11 8 (0.17%) Cisco Nexus
11 8 (0.17%) SAN
11 8 (0.17%) VSAN
11 8 (0.17%) Wireless
12 6 (0.12%) AMQP
12 6 (0.12%) DSL
13 5 (0.10%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 719 (14.96%) NoSQL
2 713 (14.84%) MySQL
3 600 (12.48%) SQL Server
4 590 (12.28%) PostgreSQL
5 508 (10.57%) MongoDB
6 349 (7.26%) Relational Database
7 259 (5.39%) Redis
8 236 (4.91%) Apache Cassandra
9 212 (4.41%) Elasticsearch
10 200 (4.16%) Flink
11 182 (3.79%) DynamoDB
12 140 (2.91%) Big Data
13 121 (2.52%) Amazon Aurora
14 90 (1.87%) Amazon Athena
15 84 (1.75%) Amazon RDS
16 81 (1.69%) RDBMS
17 61 (1.27%) Power BI
18 58 (1.21%) Oracle Database
19 53 (1.10%) Hadoop
20 51 (1.06%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 1,653 (34.39%) Git (software)
2 931 (19.37%) Jenkins
3 868 (18.06%) Selenium
4 749 (15.58%) JIRA
5 690 (14.36%) Cucumber
6 506 (10.53%) Maven
7 404 (8.41%) Gradle
8 350 (7.28%) SpecFlow
9 340 (7.07%) Cypress.io
10 337 (7.01%) Postman
11 281 (5.85%) TeamCity
12 278 (5.78%) JUnit
13 248 (5.16%) Subversion
14 240 (4.99%) Ant
15 220 (4.58%) GitLab
16 201 (4.18%) Octopus Deploy
17 194 (4.04%) Bitbucket
17 194 (4.04%) JMeter
18 177 (3.68%) WebDriver
19 174 (3.62%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,758 (36.58%) Finance
2 1,007 (20.95%) Social Skills
3 536 (11.15%) Banking
4 480 (9.99%) Manufacturing
5 414 (8.61%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 375 (7.80%) Analytical Skills
7 255 (5.31%) Retail
8 251 (5.22%) Games
9 173 (3.60%) Public Sector
10 171 (3.56%) Marketing
11 133 (2.77%) Law
12 124 (2.58%) Organisational Skills
13 80 (1.66%) Legal
14 72 (1.50%) Presentation Skills
15 55 (1.14%) Advertising
16 52 (1.08%) Financial Institution
17 51 (1.06%) Publishing
18 49 (1.02%) Billing
19 45 (0.94%) Telecoms
20 42 (0.87%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,693 (35.23%) Developer
2 776 (16.15%) Software Engineer
3 637 (13.25%) Senior Developer
4 506 (10.53%) Java Engineer
5 414 (8.61%) Java Developer
6 297 (6.18%) Senior Java Engineer
7 286 (5.95%) Senior Software Engineer
8 280 (5.83%) Software Developer
9 271 (5.64%) Full Stack Developer
10 264 (5.49%) QA Engineer
11 231 (4.81%) Analyst
12 217 (4.52%) Technical Leader
13 214 (4.45%) .NET Developer
14 212 (4.41%) Test Engineer
15 199 (4.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 166 (3.45%) Senior Java Developer
17 164 (3.41%) Tester
18 161 (3.35%) Architect
19 147 (3.06%) C# Developer
20 144 (3.00%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,298 (27.01%) .NET
2 1,171 (24.37%) React
3 981 (20.41%) Node.js
4 960 (19.98%) REST
5 945 (19.66%) CSS
6 928 (19.31%) HTML
7 820 (17.06%) RESTful
8 781 (16.25%) AngularJS
9 757 (15.75%) Spring
10 614 (12.78%) Kafka
11 571 (11.88%) .NET Core
12 565 (11.76%) Spring Boot
13 461 (9.59%) ASP.NET
14 425 (8.84%) Web Services
15 422 (8.78%) HTML5
16 323 (6.72%) GraphQL
17 310 (6.45%) CSS3
18 293 (6.10%) JSON
19 273 (5.68%) Sass
20 270 (5.62%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 439 (9.13%) Life Science
2 381 (7.93%) Cloud Native
3 351 (7.30%) Algorithms
4 339 (7.05%) Data Structures
5 335 (6.97%) User Experience
6 277 (5.76%) Public Cloud
7 263 (5.47%) Mobile App
8 256 (5.33%) Enterprise Software
9 235 (4.89%) Greenfield Project
10 227 (4.72%) Self-Motivation
11 202 (4.20%) Linux Command Line
12 130 (2.70%) Virtual Team
13 107 (2.23%) Social Network
14 86 (1.79%) Sports Betting
15 76 (1.58%) Legacy Systems
16 73 (1.52%) Blog
17 72 (1.50%) PlayStation
18 71 (1.48%) Hackathon
19 57 (1.19%) Cyberattack
20 55 (1.14%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 430 (8.95%) Linux
2 357 (7.43%) Unix
3 191 (3.97%) Windows
4 155 (3.23%) Android
5 108 (2.25%) Apple iOS
6 73 (1.52%) Mesosphere
7 69 (1.44%) Ubuntu
8 21 (0.44%) VMS
9 7 (0.15%) Mac OS
9 7 (0.15%) Tizen
9 7 (0.15%) webOS
10 6 (0.12%) CentOS
10 6 (0.12%) Windows Server
11 5 (0.10%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.083%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.042%) FreeBSD
14 1 (0.021%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,940 (81.98%) Agile
2 3,846 (80.02%) TDD
3 2,212 (46.03%) CI/CD
4 2,126 (44.24%) Test Automation
5 1,765 (36.72%) Scrum
6 1,675 (34.85%) DevOps
7 1,638 (34.08%) Software Engineering
8 1,559 (32.44%) Microservices
9 1,180 (24.55%) Continuous Integration
10 1,133 (23.57%) Mentoring
11 917 (19.08%) Full Stack Development
12 888 (18.48%) Kanban
13 789 (16.42%) Coaching
14 697 (14.50%) Problem-Solving
15 669 (13.92%) OO
16 651 (13.55%) OOP
17 600 (12.48%) User Stories
18 589 (12.26%) Software Testing
19 588 (12.23%) Continuous Delivery
20 587 (12.21%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,384 (49.60%) Java
2 1,977 (41.14%) JavaScript
3 1,371 (28.53%) Python
4 1,334 (27.76%) SQL
5 1,186 (24.68%) C#
6 629 (13.09%) TypeScript
7 430 (8.95%) PHP
8 407 (8.47%) PowerShell
9 363 (7.55%) Ruby
10 268 (5.58%) Go
11 230 (4.79%) Shell Script
12 229 (4.76%) Kotlin
13 208 (4.33%) Scala
14 204 (4.24%) Perl
15 155 (3.23%) ES6
16 98 (2.04%) C++
17 82 (1.71%) Bash
18 80 (1.66%) Groovy
19 79 (1.64%) C
20 64 (1.33%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 442 (9.20%) Degree
2 180 (3.75%) Computer Science Degree
3 120 (2.50%) ISTQB
4 86 (1.79%) Security Cleared
5 57 (1.19%) ISEB
6 44 (0.92%) Microsoft Certification
7 40 (0.83%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 39 (0.81%) Master's Degree
8 39 (0.81%) SC Cleared
9 17 (0.35%) PMI Certification
10 9 (0.19%) IIBA
11 8 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
12 5 (0.10%) AWS Certification
12 5 (0.10%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 2 (0.042%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.042%) MCPD
13 2 (0.042%) MCSD
13 2 (0.042%) OCP
13 2 (0.042%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.042%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 934 (19.43%) QA
2 154 (3.20%) Accessibility
3 22 (0.46%) GDPR
4 13 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (0.23%) WAI
6 10 (0.21%) Data Quality
7 8 (0.17%) HIPAA
8 6 (0.12%) PMO
9 5 (0.10%) FATCA
10 4 (0.083%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.042%) SLA
12 1 (0.021%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,499 (31.19%) Docker
2 33 (0.69%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.19%) Firmware
6 8 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
6 8 (0.17%) vSphere
7 3 (0.062%) Postfix
8 2 (0.042%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 1,366 (28.42%) Kubernetes
2 474 (9.86%) Terraform
3 258 (5.37%) Ansible
4 196 (4.08%) Opscode Chef
5 189 (3.93%) Puppet
6 118 (2.46%) Prometheus
7 116 (2.41%) Kibana
8 111 (2.31%) logstash
9 73 (1.52%) Automic
10 70 (1.46%) Istio
11 57 (1.19%) Consul
11 57 (1.19%) Grafana
12 45 (0.94%) Fortio
12 45 (0.94%) Kiali
13 36 (0.75%) Pingdom
14 33 (0.69%) Opsgenie
14 33 (0.69%) Rancher
15 29 (0.60%) MIIS
16 28 (0.58%) HAProxy
16 28 (0.58%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 602 (12.53%) Google
2 572 (11.90%) Microsoft
3 175 (3.64%) Oracle
4 97 (2.02%) Splunk
5 65 (1.35%) Atlassian
6 62 (1.29%) Confluent
7 61 (1.27%) Zopa
8 60 (1.25%) Zend
9 55 (1.14%) New Relic
10 54 (1.12%) Funding Circle
11 47 (0.98%) FIS
12 36 (0.75%) Hitachi
12 36 (0.75%) IBM
13 34 (0.71%) Databricks
14 31 (0.65%) LexisNexis
15 30 (0.62%) HP
16 28 (0.58%) Xamarin
17 27 (0.56%) Perfecto Mobile
18 26 (0.54%) SAP
18 26 (0.54%) WorldPay