Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 80 67 66
Rank change year-on-year -13 -1 +9
Permanent jobs citing BDD 4,477 6,587 7,862
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.53% 4.30% 4.78%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.83% 4.68% 5.18%
Number of salaries quoted 3,372 5,542 6,419
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 116,826 140,723 151,708
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.14% 91.83% 92.33%
Number of salaries quoted 92,785 112,928 120,577
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,375 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Salary trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Salary histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 2,474 £67,500 +3.85% 276
South East -18 759 £55,000 +10.00% 126
North of England -39 616 £50,000 +11.11% 139
North West -19 379 £52,500 +10.37% 83
East of England +31 279 £52,500 +5.00% 55
Yorkshire -65 222 £45,000 - 47
South West -59 217 £42,500 -5.56% 56
Midlands -111 127 £47,500 +5.56% 64
East Midlands -64 68 £45,000 +5.88% 27
West Midlands -92 54 £50,000 +5.26% 37
North East -49 15 £48,452 +7.67% 9
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,574 (79.83%) TDD
2 3,478 (77.69%) Agile Software Development
3 1,837 (41.03%) Java
4 1,735 (38.75%) Test Automation
5 1,597 (35.67%) C#
6 1,573 (35.14%) JavaScript
7 1,562 (34.89%) Scrum
8 1,284 (28.68%) .NET
9 1,256 (28.05%) Continuous Integration
10 1,066 (23.81%) DevOps
11 1,064 (23.77%) Selenium
12 997 (22.27%) Git (software)
13 903 (20.17%) SQL
14 875 (19.54%) QA
15 873 (19.50%) HTML
16 850 (18.99%) Jenkins
17 848 (18.94%) AWS
18 838 (18.72%) JIRA
19 827 (18.47%) MVC
20 819 (18.29%) Cucumber
21 801 (17.89%) Finance
22 773 (17.27%) SQL Server
23 771 (17.22%) CSS
24 763 (17.04%) Microservices
25 753 (16.82%) Software Engineering
26 749 (16.73%) AngularJS
27 718 (16.04%) Azure
28 705 (15.75%) REST
29 696 (15.55%) ASP.NET
30 692 (15.46%) Kanban

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 315 (7.04%) Confluence
2 94 (2.10%) Tomcat
3 83 (1.85%) Elasticsearch
4 60 (1.34%) Apache Spark
5 43 (0.96%) CMS
6 40 (0.89%) IIS
7 36 (0.80%) Apache
8 30 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
9 27 (0.60%) WebSphere
10 21 (0.47%) JBoss
11 19 (0.42%) Umbraco
11 19 (0.42%) WebSphere Application Server
12 16 (0.36%) Sitecore CMS
13 14 (0.31%) Drupal
14 13 (0.29%) Headless CMS
14 13 (0.29%) nginx
15 12 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
15 12 (0.27%) WildFly
16 11 (0.25%) OpenStack
16 11 (0.25%) WordPress
Applications
1 34 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.22%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.18%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.11%) Gliffy
6 4 (0.089%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.089%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.089%) Zeplin
7 2 (0.045%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.045%) Sketch
8 1 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.022%) EngageOne
8 1 (0.022%) InDesign
8 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 73 (1.63%) Payment Gateway
2 40 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
4 9 (0.20%) SDL Web 8
5 5 (0.11%) Magento
6 4 (0.089%) Oracle Retail
7 3 (0.067%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.045%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.022%) Distributed Ledger
9 1 (0.022%) Dynamics GP
9 1 (0.022%) Endur
9 1 (0.022%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.022%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.022%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 848 (18.94%) AWS
2 718 (16.04%) Azure
3 212 (4.74%) GCP
4 209 (4.67%) GitHub
5 207 (4.62%) Serverless
6 113 (2.52%) SaaS
7 103 (2.30%) PaaS
8 78 (1.74%) Amazon EC2
9 74 (1.65%) AWS Lambda
10 66 (1.47%) G Suite
11 62 (1.38%) Office 365
12 54 (1.21%) BrowserStack
13 52 (1.16%) Slack
14 51 (1.14%) AWS CloudFormation
15 44 (0.98%) OpenShift
16 40 (0.89%) Firebase
17 38 (0.85%) Sauce Labs
18 35 (0.78%) IaaS
18 35 (0.78%) npm
19 33 (0.74%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 126 (2.81%) Internet
2 80 (1.79%) HTTP
3 15 (0.34%) DNS
4 14 (0.31%) Bluetooth
5 11 (0.25%) SSL
6 10 (0.22%) SSH
7 8 (0.18%) Wireless
8 7 (0.16%) ATM
9 6 (0.13%) TCP/IP
10 5 (0.11%) AMQP
10 5 (0.11%) HTTPS
10 5 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.089%) FIX Connectivity
11 4 (0.089%) Intranet
12 3 (0.067%) Calico
12 3 (0.067%) Reverse Proxy
12 3 (0.067%) VPN
13 2 (0.045%) PBX
13 2 (0.045%) VoIP
13 2 (0.045%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 773 (17.27%) SQL Server
2 404 (9.02%) NoSQL
3 325 (7.26%) SQL Server 2016
4 235 (5.25%) MySQL
5 212 (4.74%) MongoDB
6 127 (2.84%) Big Data
7 115 (2.57%) Redis
8 112 (2.50%) PostgreSQL
9 94 (2.10%) Relational Database
10 76 (1.70%) Hadoop
11 41 (0.92%) Apache Cassandra
12 36 (0.80%) Amazon RDS
13 34 (0.76%) CouchDB
14 33 (0.74%) Cosmos DB
15 29 (0.65%) Blockchain
15 29 (0.65%) Neo4j
16 27 (0.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 27 (0.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 24 (0.54%) MariaDB
18 22 (0.49%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,064 (23.77%) Selenium
2 997 (22.27%) Git (software)
3 850 (18.99%) Jenkins
4 838 (18.72%) JIRA
5 819 (18.29%) Cucumber
6 390 (8.71%) WebDriver
7 349 (7.80%) Maven
8 331 (7.39%) SpecFlow
9 254 (5.67%) TeamCity
10 248 (5.54%) JUnit
11 238 (5.32%) SoapUI
12 233 (5.20%) JMeter
13 203 (4.53%) Appium
14 184 (4.11%) Team Foundation Server
15 144 (3.22%) NUnit
16 135 (3.02%) Gradle
17 128 (2.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 123 (2.75%) Visual Studio Team System
19 121 (2.70%) Visual Studio
20 117 (2.61%) Jasmine
General
1 801 (17.89%) Finance
2 386 (8.62%) Banking
3 357 (7.97%) Retail
4 292 (6.52%) Games
5 132 (2.95%) Marketing
6 94 (2.10%) Public Sector
7 68 (1.52%) Telecoms
8 60 (1.34%) Investment Banking
9 58 (1.30%) Back Office
10 51 (1.14%) Front Office
11 42 (0.94%) Manufacturing
12 39 (0.87%) Financial Institution
13 33 (0.74%) Electronics
13 33 (0.74%) Law
14 32 (0.71%) Advertising
15 29 (0.65%) Legal
16 21 (0.47%) Billing
16 21 (0.47%) Retail Banking
17 18 (0.40%) Aerospace
18 15 (0.34%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,346 (52.40%) Developer
2 608 (13.58%) .NET Developer
3 570 (12.73%) Java Developer
4 530 (11.84%) C# Developer
5 501 (11.19%) Senior Developer
6 378 (8.44%) C# .NET Developer
7 344 (7.68%) Analyst
8 320 (7.15%) Software Developer
8 320 (7.15%) Test Engineer
9 297 (6.63%) Software Engineer
10 246 (5.49%) Tester
11 236 (5.27%) QA Engineer
12 216 (4.82%) ASP.NET Developer
13 215 (4.80%) C# ASP.NET Developer
14 203 (4.53%) Senior Java Developer
15 184 (4.11%) Test Analyst
16 178 (3.98%) Developer in Test
17 152 (3.40%) Test Automation Engineer
18 147 (3.28%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 139 (3.10%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,284 (28.68%) .NET
2 873 (19.50%) HTML
3 771 (17.22%) CSS
4 749 (16.73%) AngularJS
5 705 (15.75%) REST
6 696 (15.55%) ASP.NET
7 648 (14.47%) RESTful
8 610 (13.63%) React
9 599 (13.38%) Node.js
10 586 (13.09%) Web Services
11 551 (12.31%) Spring
12 543 (12.13%) ASP.NET MVC
13 484 (10.81%) ASP.NET Web API
14 410 (9.16%) .NET Framework
15 339 (7.57%) HTML5
16 321 (7.17%) Gherkin
17 309 (6.90%) WCF
18 307 (6.86%) SOAP
19 253 (5.65%) Spring Boot
20 242 (5.41%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 429 (9.58%) Greenfield Project
2 278 (6.21%) User Experience
3 258 (5.76%) Mobile App
4 170 (3.80%) Analytical Skills
5 162 (3.62%) Enterprise Software
6 103 (2.30%) Cloud Native
7 100 (2.23%) Data Structures
8 99 (2.21%) Algorithms
9 94 (2.10%) Self-Motivation
10 52 (1.16%) Online Gambling
11 51 (1.14%) Virtual Team
12 50 (1.12%) PlayStation
13 41 (0.92%) Public Cloud
14 33 (0.74%) Blog
15 32 (0.71%) Management Information System
15 32 (0.71%) Social Network
16 26 (0.58%) Linux Command Line
17 24 (0.54%) Equities
17 24 (0.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 23 (0.51%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 339 (7.57%) Linux
2 273 (6.10%) Windows
3 238 (5.32%) Android
4 175 (3.91%) Apple iOS
5 85 (1.90%) Unix
6 23 (0.51%) Mac OS
7 21 (0.47%) Mesosphere
8 16 (0.36%) Windows Server
9 12 (0.27%) zOS
10 9 (0.20%) CentOS
11 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.067%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.067%) VMS
12 3 (0.067%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.045%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.045%) Windows Mobile
14 1 (0.022%) Ubuntu
14 1 (0.022%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,574 (79.83%) TDD
2 3,478 (77.69%) Agile Software Development
3 1,735 (38.75%) Test Automation
4 1,562 (34.89%) Scrum
5 1,256 (28.05%) Continuous Integration
6 1,066 (23.81%) DevOps
7 827 (18.47%) MVC
8 763 (17.04%) Microservices
9 753 (16.82%) Software Engineering
10 692 (15.46%) Kanban
11 514 (11.48%) OO
12 499 (11.15%) Continuous Delivery
12 499 (11.15%) Mentoring
13 466 (10.41%) Problem-Solving
14 400 (8.93%) E-Commerce
15 394 (8.80%) Pair Programming
16 388 (8.67%) Software Testing
17 380 (8.49%) SDLC
18 377 (8.42%) SOLID
19 351 (7.84%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,837 (41.03%) Java
2 1,597 (35.67%) C#
3 1,573 (35.14%) JavaScript
4 903 (20.17%) SQL
5 579 (12.93%) Python
6 395 (8.82%) Ruby
7 343 (7.66%) Java 8
8 243 (5.43%) PHP
9 199 (4.44%) Scala
10 160 (3.57%) Kotlin
11 145 (3.24%) TypeScript
12 116 (2.59%) Go
13 115 (2.57%) T-SQL
14 114 (2.55%) C++
15 113 (2.52%) ES6
16 99 (2.21%) Bash Shell
17 97 (2.17%) PowerShell
18 95 (2.12%) C
19 53 (1.18%) Groovy
20 46 (1.03%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 467 (10.43%) Degree
2 182 (4.07%) Computer Science Degree
3 172 (3.84%) ISTQB
4 146 (3.26%) Security Cleared
5 121 (2.70%) ISEB
6 101 (2.26%) SC Cleared
7 65 (1.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 33 (0.74%) DV Cleared
9 13 (0.29%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 13 (0.29%) PMI Certification
10 12 (0.27%) Postgraduate
11 6 (0.13%) MCP
11 6 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
12 5 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
12 5 (0.11%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.089%) CISSP
13 4 (0.089%) CTC Cleared
13 4 (0.089%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.045%) CITP
14 2 (0.045%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 875 (19.54%) QA
2 20 (0.45%) GDPR
3 14 (0.31%) Data Quality
4 9 (0.20%) WAI
5 7 (0.16%) TickIT
6 6 (0.13%) WCAG
7 4 (0.089%) SLA
8 3 (0.067%) PSD2
9 2 (0.045%) Actionable Recommendations
9 2 (0.045%) PMO
9 2 (0.045%) SEPA
10 1 (0.022%) HL7
10 1 (0.022%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.022%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.022%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 643 (14.36%) Docker
2 33 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
3 32 (0.71%) Active Directory
4 28 (0.63%) vSphere
5 10 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.11%) Firmware
6 5 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
6 5 (0.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 4 (0.089%) vCloud
8 3 (0.067%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.067%) etcd
8 3 (0.067%) Postfix
9 1 (0.022%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.022%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 349 (7.80%) Kubernetes
2 162 (3.62%) Terraform
3 155 (3.46%) Ansible
4 137 (3.06%) Puppet
5 118 (2.64%) Opscode Chef
6 94 (2.10%) HP Quality Center
7 33 (0.74%) Istio
8 32 (0.71%) Kibana
9 29 (0.65%) HP ALM
9 29 (0.65%) Rancher
10 28 (0.63%) Consul
11 26 (0.58%) Prometheus
12 22 (0.49%) Mesos
13 21 (0.47%) Automic
14 17 (0.38%) Marathon
15 9 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
15 9 (0.20%) Oozie
16 8 (0.18%) logstash
16 8 (0.18%) Packer
16 8 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 453 (10.12%) Microsoft
2 226 (5.05%) Google
3 218 (4.87%) WorldPay
4 208 (4.65%) Oracle
5 99 (2.21%) Atlassian
6 92 (2.05%) HP
7 75 (1.68%) SAP
8 51 (1.14%) Salesforce.com
9 43 (0.96%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 43 (0.96%) Splunk
10 42 (0.94%) Apple
11 40 (0.89%) Xamarin
12 37 (0.83%) VMware
13 29 (0.65%) hybris
14 26 (0.58%) IBM
15 20 (0.45%) Zend
16 19 (0.42%) Sitecore
17 14 (0.31%) Adobe
18 12 (0.27%) Tableau
19 11 (0.25%) New Relic