Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 80 58 63
Rank change year-on-year -22 +5 +11
Permanent jobs citing BDD 4,788 7,937 7,794
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.59% 4.88% 4.78%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.91% 5.31% 5.21%
Number of salaries quoted 3,750 6,849 6,855
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% -
10th Percentile £34,738 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £78,850 £77,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -4.76%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 122,552 149,417 149,555
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.98% 91.92% 91.73%
Number of salaries quoted 96,959 120,869 122,739
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing BDD in England.

Salary trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Salary histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -8 2,605 £65,000 +4.00% 121
North of England -34 740 £45,000 - 68
South East -51 703 £52,500 +10.53% 57
North West -28 370 £50,000 +17.65% 33
Yorkshire -33 343 £44,000 -2.22% 30
South West -61 303 £42,500 -10.53% 30
East of England -2 251 £52,500 +5.00% 32
Midlands -117 170 £47,500 +5.56% 31
West Midlands -86 86 £50,000 +11.11% 20
East Midlands -82 82 £42,500 - 11
North East -38 24 £42,750 -14.50% 5
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,770 (78.74%) TDD
2 3,743 (78.17%) Agile Software Development
3 2,045 (42.71%) Java
4 1,870 (39.06%) C#
5 1,785 (37.28%) Test Automation
6 1,765 (36.86%) JavaScript
7 1,702 (35.55%) Scrum
8 1,498 (31.29%) .NET
9 1,399 (29.22%) Continuous Integration
10 1,202 (25.10%) Selenium
11 1,117 (23.33%) SQL
12 1,088 (22.72%) Git (software)
13 1,080 (22.56%) MVC
14 1,028 (21.47%) Cucumber
15 1,024 (21.39%) Finance
16 1,002 (20.93%) Software Engineering
17 974 (20.34%) ASP.NET
18 952 (19.88%) SQL Server
19 947 (19.78%) DevOps
20 946 (19.76%) QA
21 930 (19.42%) Jenkins
22 911 (19.03%) AngularJS
23 844 (17.63%) HTML
24 797 (16.65%) JIRA
25 791 (16.52%) RESTful
26 789 (16.48%) ASP.NET MVC
27 785 (16.40%) Amazon AWS
28 780 (16.29%) CSS
29 722 (15.08%) Kanban
30 714 (14.91%) Node.js

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 257 (5.37%) Confluence
2 114 (2.38%) Elasticsearch
3 83 (1.73%) IIS
4 80 (1.67%) Tomcat
5 67 (1.40%) Apache Spark
6 49 (1.02%) Apache
7 37 (0.77%) CMS
8 27 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 20 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
10 17 (0.36%) Apache Solr
11 15 (0.31%) nginx
12 14 (0.29%) WebLogic
13 11 (0.23%) BizTalk Server
13 11 (0.23%) JBoss
13 11 (0.23%) Sitecore CMS
14 10 (0.21%) Drupal
14 10 (0.21%) Umbraco
15 9 (0.19%) Hyperledger
15 9 (0.19%) Jupyter
15 9 (0.19%) SharePoint
Applications
1 25 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (0.27%) MS Visio
3 11 (0.23%) Chatbot
4 7 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
5 6 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.042%) Sketch
7 1 (0.021%) EngageOne
7 1 (0.021%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.021%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 50 (1.04%) Payment Gateway
2 22 (0.46%) SAP Hybris
3 20 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.17%) Magento
5 6 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.063%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.042%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.042%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.021%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.021%) Dynamics GP
8 1 (0.021%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 785 (16.40%) Amazon AWS
2 665 (13.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 186 (3.88%) Google Cloud Platform
4 144 (3.01%) SaaS
5 132 (2.76%) GitHub
6 119 (2.49%) Serverless
7 108 (2.26%) Office 365
8 106 (2.21%) G Suite
9 76 (1.59%) PaaS
10 67 (1.40%) AWS CloudFormation
11 52 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
11 52 (1.09%) Cloud Computing
12 50 (1.04%) IaaS
13 48 (1.00%) BrowserStack
14 44 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
14 44 (0.92%) npm
15 43 (0.90%) Apigee
16 30 (0.63%) Sauce Labs
17 28 (0.58%) OpenShift
18 26 (0.54%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 158 (3.30%) Internet
2 87 (1.82%) HTTP
3 19 (0.40%) Wireless
4 16 (0.33%) Bluetooth
5 13 (0.27%) SSL
6 10 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
7 9 (0.19%) Hyperconnected
8 6 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
8 6 (0.13%) SSH
9 5 (0.10%) Calico
9 5 (0.10%) TCP/IP
10 4 (0.084%) Firewall
11 3 (0.063%) AMQP
11 3 (0.063%) DNS
12 2 (0.042%) ATM
12 2 (0.042%) Broadband
12 2 (0.042%) FIX Connectivity
12 2 (0.042%) PBX
12 2 (0.042%) VPN
12 2 (0.042%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 952 (19.88%) SQL Server
2 527 (11.01%) NoSQL
3 430 (8.98%) SQL Server 2016
4 309 (6.45%) MongoDB
5 276 (5.76%) MySQL
6 185 (3.86%) Big Data
7 153 (3.20%) PostgreSQL
8 118 (2.46%) Redis
9 104 (2.17%) Relational Database
10 81 (1.69%) Hadoop
11 60 (1.25%) Apache Cassandra
12 57 (1.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 43 (0.90%) CouchDB
14 40 (0.84%) Neo4j
15 39 (0.81%) Blockchain
16 36 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 32 (0.67%) RDBMS
18 31 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
19 26 (0.54%) Cosmos DB
20 24 (0.50%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 1,202 (25.10%) Selenium
2 1,088 (22.72%) Git (software)
3 1,028 (21.47%) Cucumber
4 930 (19.42%) Jenkins
5 797 (16.65%) JIRA
6 494 (10.32%) WebDriver
7 379 (7.92%) SoapUI
8 359 (7.50%) SpecFlow
9 332 (6.93%) Maven
10 283 (5.91%) TeamCity
11 282 (5.89%) JUnit
12 262 (5.47%) JMeter
13 226 (4.72%) Appium
14 219 (4.57%) Team Foundation Server
15 155 (3.24%) Gradle
16 142 (2.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 138 (2.88%) Visual Studio
18 134 (2.80%) NUnit
19 131 (2.74%) Jasmine
20 107 (2.23%) gulp
General
1 1,024 (21.39%) Finance
2 382 (7.98%) Retail
3 357 (7.46%) Banking
4 300 (6.27%) Games
5 140 (2.92%) Marketing
6 80 (1.67%) Law
7 77 (1.61%) Telecoms
8 59 (1.23%) Financial Institution
9 57 (1.19%) Electronics
9 57 (1.19%) Manufacturing
10 50 (1.04%) Back Office
11 42 (0.88%) Investment Banking
12 41 (0.86%) Retail Banking
13 29 (0.61%) Advertising
14 27 (0.56%) Publishing
15 16 (0.33%) Automotive
16 14 (0.29%) Aerospace
16 14 (0.29%) Front Office
16 14 (0.29%) Music Industry
17 13 (0.27%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,661 (55.58%) Developer
2 851 (17.77%) .NET Developer
3 668 (13.95%) C# Developer
4 595 (12.43%) Java Developer
5 581 (12.13%) Senior Developer
6 489 (10.21%) C# .NET Developer
7 396 (8.27%) Test Engineer
8 362 (7.56%) Analyst
9 302 (6.31%) Software Developer
10 298 (6.22%) ASP.NET Developer
11 295 (6.16%) C# ASP.NET Developer
11 295 (6.16%) Software Engineer
11 295 (6.16%) Tester
12 275 (5.74%) Developer in Test
13 255 (5.33%) QA Engineer
14 212 (4.43%) Test Automation Engineer
15 200 (4.18%) Test Analyst
16 190 (3.97%) Senior Java Developer
17 181 (3.78%) Java Engineer
18 171 (3.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,498 (31.29%) .NET
2 974 (20.34%) ASP.NET
3 911 (19.03%) AngularJS
4 844 (17.63%) HTML
5 791 (16.52%) RESTful
6 789 (16.48%) ASP.NET MVC
7 780 (16.29%) CSS
8 714 (14.91%) Node.js
9 623 (13.01%) React
10 619 (12.93%) ASP.NET Web API
11 606 (12.66%) Spring
12 593 (12.39%) REST
13 578 (12.07%) Web Services
14 459 (9.59%) .NET Framework
15 388 (8.10%) HTML5
16 358 (7.48%) WCF
17 335 (7.00%) Gherkin
18 319 (6.66%) SOAP
19 291 (6.08%) Entity Framework
20 283 (5.91%) ASP.NET MVC 5
Miscellaneous
1 573 (11.97%) Greenfield Project
2 323 (6.75%) User Experience
3 299 (6.24%) Enterprise Software
4 237 (4.95%) Mobile App
5 195 (4.07%) Analytical Skills
6 81 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
7 73 (1.52%) Algorithms
8 66 (1.38%) Virtual Team
9 62 (1.29%) Cloud Native
10 58 (1.21%) Data Structures
11 37 (0.77%) iPad
12 35 (0.73%) Blog
12 35 (0.73%) PlayStation
13 34 (0.71%) Management Information System
14 30 (0.63%) Online Banking
15 29 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
15 29 (0.61%) Online Gambling
15 29 (0.61%) Wiki
16 27 (0.56%) Public Cloud
17 25 (0.52%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 298 (6.22%) Linux
2 266 (5.56%) Windows
3 207 (4.32%) Android
4 156 (3.26%) Apple iOS
5 59 (1.23%) Unix
6 27 (0.56%) Mesosphere
7 13 (0.27%) Windows Server
8 8 (0.17%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.084%) CentOS
9 4 (0.084%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.084%) watchOS
9 4 (0.084%) Windows Mobile
9 4 (0.084%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (0.084%) zOS
10 3 (0.063%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.063%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.042%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.021%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.021%) HPUX
12 1 (0.021%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,770 (78.74%) TDD
2 3,743 (78.17%) Agile Software Development
3 1,785 (37.28%) Test Automation
4 1,702 (35.55%) Scrum
5 1,399 (29.22%) Continuous Integration
6 1,080 (22.56%) MVC
7 1,002 (20.93%) Software Engineering
8 947 (19.78%) DevOps
9 722 (15.08%) Kanban
10 674 (14.08%) Microservices
11 549 (11.47%) Continuous Delivery
12 533 (11.13%) Mentoring
13 494 (10.32%) Pair Programming
14 485 (10.13%) Software Testing
15 475 (9.92%) Problem-Solving
16 473 (9.88%) Web Application Development
17 440 (9.19%) Open Source
18 434 (9.06%) OO
19 431 (9.00%) Unit Testing
20 413 (8.63%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,045 (42.71%) Java
2 1,870 (39.06%) C#
3 1,765 (36.86%) JavaScript
4 1,117 (23.33%) SQL
5 631 (13.18%) Python
6 563 (11.76%) Ruby
7 348 (7.27%) Java 8
8 288 (6.02%) Scala
9 269 (5.62%) PHP
10 161 (3.36%) T-SQL
11 142 (2.97%) Kotlin
12 136 (2.84%) TypeScript
13 129 (2.69%) C++
14 115 (2.40%) PowerShell
15 114 (2.38%) C
16 111 (2.32%) ES6
17 87 (1.82%) Bash Shell
18 85 (1.78%) Go
19 80 (1.67%) Groovy
20 51 (1.07%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 525 (10.96%) Degree
2 175 (3.65%) ISTQB
3 172 (3.59%) Computer Science Degree
4 160 (3.34%) Security Cleared
5 116 (2.42%) SC Cleared
6 115 (2.40%) ISEB
7 65 (1.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 25 (0.52%) DV Cleared
9 22 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
10 15 (0.31%) DBS Check
11 10 (0.21%) Postgraduate
12 9 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
13 7 (0.15%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 7 (0.15%) PMI Certification
14 5 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
14 5 (0.10%) Numerate Degree
15 4 (0.084%) AWS Certification
15 4 (0.084%) Sun Certification
16 3 (0.063%) ISEB Practitioner
17 2 (0.042%) MCPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 946 (19.76%) QA
2 30 (0.63%) WAI
3 18 (0.38%) Data Quality
4 17 (0.36%) GDPR
5 9 (0.19%) PSD2
5 9 (0.19%) SEPA
5 9 (0.19%) WCAG
6 8 (0.17%) SLA
7 6 (0.13%) TickIT
8 1 (0.021%) Actionable Recommendations
8 1 (0.021%) COBIT
8 1 (0.021%) HL7
8 1 (0.021%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.021%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.021%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 595 (12.43%) Docker
2 48 (1.00%) Active Directory
3 24 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.40%) vSphere
5 7 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.10%) etcd
6 5 (0.10%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 5 (0.10%) Varnish
7 3 (0.063%) Firmware
8 2 (0.042%) Postfix
9 1 (0.021%) HDFS
9 1 (0.021%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.021%) iptables
9 1 (0.021%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.021%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.021%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 352 (7.35%) Kubernetes
2 188 (3.93%) Ansible
3 165 (3.45%) Terraform
4 122 (2.55%) Opscode Chef
5 112 (2.34%) Puppet
6 80 (1.67%) HP Quality Center
7 61 (1.27%) Prometheus
8 39 (0.81%) Rancher
9 35 (0.73%) Consul
10 33 (0.69%) Kibana
11 29 (0.61%) Grafana
11 29 (0.61%) HP ALM
12 27 (0.56%) Automic
13 15 (0.31%) Istio
14 14 (0.29%) logstash
15 13 (0.27%) Mesos
16 7 (0.15%) Nessus
17 6 (0.13%) Nagios
17 6 (0.13%) Packer
17 6 (0.13%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 571 (11.93%) Microsoft
2 307 (6.41%) Google
3 246 (5.14%) Oracle
4 139 (2.90%) WorldPay
5 100 (2.09%) SAP
6 89 (1.86%) Splunk
7 87 (1.82%) HP
8 74 (1.55%) Xamarin
9 56 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
10 48 (1.00%) Atlassian
11 40 (0.84%) New Relic
12 29 (0.61%) Adobe
12 29 (0.61%) Apple
13 28 (0.58%) AppDynamics
13 28 (0.58%) Facebook
14 27 (0.56%) Cypress Semiconductor
14 27 (0.56%) hybris
15 26 (0.54%) IBM
15 26 (0.54%) Sitecore
16 24 (0.50%) VMware