Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 137 87 82
Rank change year-on-year -50 -5 -5
Permanent jobs citing BDD 2,957 2,088 4,239
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.62% 3.58% 3.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.79% 3.84% 3.96%
Number of salaries quoted 1,655 1,842 3,263
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £48,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £62,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year - +8.70% +4.55%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £82,500 £88,750
UK median annual salary £62,500 £61,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +2.46% +6.09% +4.55%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 106,100 54,311 106,967
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.13% 93.22% 92.63%
Number of salaries quoted 70,590 44,812 86,427
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,500 £30,716
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £74,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD in England.

Salary trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Salary histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -46 1,650 £70,000 +3.70% 267
South East -54 458 £60,000 +14.29% 82
North of England 0 436 £52,500 +5.00% 90
North West +51 297 £53,112 +6.22% 49
South West -12 169 £55,000 +10.00% 40
Yorkshire -59 123 £52,500 +10.53% 28
Midlands -88 119 £50,250 -8.64% 62
East of England -104 64 £65,000 +8.33% 38
West Midlands -96 63 £50,000 -14.89% 39
East Midlands -27 56 £57,000 +34.12% 23
North East -32 16 £32,500 -35.00% 13
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 2,375 (80.32%) Agile Software Development
2 2,254 (76.23%) TDD
3 1,252 (42.34%) CI/CD
4 1,217 (41.16%) Java
5 1,070 (36.19%) Test Automation
6 1,043 (35.27%) Scrum
7 1,016 (34.36%) JavaScript
8 971 (32.84%) DevOps
9 898 (30.37%) Microservices
10 890 (30.10%) AWS
11 888 (30.03%) C#
12 881 (29.79%) Azure
13 879 (29.73%) Software Engineering
14 815 (27.56%) Git (software)
15 776 (26.24%) Continuous Integration
16 762 (25.77%) Docker
17 760 (25.70%) React
18 742 (25.09%) SQL
19 638 (21.58%) .NET
20 625 (21.14%) Selenium
21 619 (20.93%) Jenkins
22 606 (20.49%) Python
23 579 (19.58%) Full Stack Development
24 577 (19.51%) Social Skills
25 573 (19.38%) Finance
26 566 (19.14%) Node.js
27 563 (19.04%) REST
28 561 (18.97%) QA
29 551 (18.63%) AngularJS
30 546 (18.46%) Spring

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (4.57%) Confluence
2 116 (3.92%) Elasticsearch
3 96 (3.25%) Apache
4 54 (1.83%) CMS
5 43 (1.45%) Apache Spark
6 33 (1.12%) nginx
7 24 (0.81%) GemFire
7 24 (0.81%) JBoss
7 24 (0.81%) Tomcat
8 19 (0.64%) Jetty
9 18 (0.61%) WordPress
10 14 (0.47%) Camunda
10 14 (0.47%) SharePoint
11 12 (0.41%) OpenStack
12 8 (0.27%) IIS
13 7 (0.24%) Oracle Workflow
13 7 (0.24%) WebSphere
14 6 (0.20%) Apache Airflow
14 6 (0.20%) Umbraco
15 5 (0.17%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 21 (0.71%) MS Visio
2 11 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.27%) Sketch
4 5 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Excel
6 3 (0.10%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.10%) PlantUML
Business Applications
1 22 (0.74%) Payment Gateway
2 16 (0.54%) Magento
3 15 (0.51%) Shopify
4 7 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.068%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 890 (30.10%) AWS
2 881 (29.79%) Azure
3 382 (12.92%) Serverless
4 356 (12.04%) GCP
5 212 (7.17%) GitHub
6 186 (6.29%) AWS Lambda
7 168 (5.68%) SaaS
8 127 (4.29%) Amazon EC2
9 122 (4.13%) Amazon S3
10 76 (2.57%) Amazon SQS
10 76 (2.57%) OpenShift
11 69 (2.33%) npm
12 62 (2.10%) Amazon ECS
12 62 (2.10%) PaaS
13 51 (1.72%) Amazon Kinesis
14 39 (1.32%) CloudFront
15 36 (1.22%) Boomi
16 35 (1.18%) AWS CloudFormation
16 35 (1.18%) Azure Service Bus
16 35 (1.18%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 66 (2.23%) HTTP
2 53 (1.79%) Broadband
3 44 (1.49%) Internet
4 34 (1.15%) DNS
5 32 (1.08%) AMQP
6 15 (0.51%) MQTT
7 14 (0.47%) DSL
8 8 (0.27%) SMTP
9 5 (0.17%) WebEx
10 4 (0.14%) VoIP
10 4 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
10 4 (0.14%) Wireshark
10 4 (0.14%) ZigBee
11 3 (0.10%) 5G
12 2 (0.068%) Network Security
13 1 (0.034%) 2G
13 1 (0.034%) Firewall
13 1 (0.034%) Reverse Proxy
13 1 (0.034%) RTP
13 1 (0.034%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 368 (12.45%) NoSQL
2 290 (9.81%) SQL Server
3 275 (9.30%) PostgreSQL
4 261 (8.83%) MySQL
5 213 (7.20%) MongoDB
6 211 (7.14%) Relational Database
7 210 (7.10%) Redis
8 107 (3.62%) Big Data
9 100 (3.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 82 (2.77%) Amazon RDS
11 66 (2.23%) Amazon Aurora
12 50 (1.69%) Apache Cassandra
13 48 (1.62%) RDBMS
14 45 (1.52%) Blockchain
15 43 (1.45%) Amazon Athena
16 39 (1.32%) Azure SQL Database
16 39 (1.32%) HBase
17 38 (1.29%) Hadoop
18 37 (1.25%) MariaDB
19 26 (0.88%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 815 (27.56%) Git (software)
2 625 (21.14%) Selenium
3 619 (20.93%) Jenkins
4 440 (14.88%) Cucumber
5 381 (12.88%) JIRA
6 242 (8.18%) SpecFlow
7 218 (7.37%) Cypress.io
8 209 (7.07%) Maven
9 204 (6.90%) JUnit
10 191 (6.46%) TeamCity
11 187 (6.32%) Postman
12 160 (5.41%) JMeter
12 160 (5.41%) WebDriver
13 129 (4.36%) GitLab
14 126 (4.26%) Gradle
15 122 (4.13%) Mockito
16 111 (3.75%) Octopus Deploy
17 98 (3.31%) CircleCI
18 97 (3.28%) Bitbucket
19 95 (3.21%) Appium
General
1 577 (19.51%) Social Skills
2 573 (19.38%) Finance
3 245 (8.29%) Banking
4 189 (6.39%) Retail
5 171 (5.78%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 130 (4.40%) Analytical Skills
7 104 (3.52%) Games
8 92 (3.11%) Law
9 90 (3.04%) Public Sector
10 73 (2.47%) Publishing
11 65 (2.20%) Advertising
12 52 (1.76%) Marketing
13 40 (1.35%) Automotive
14 31 (1.05%) Financial Institution
15 29 (0.98%) Investment Banking
16 25 (0.85%) Aerospace
16 25 (0.85%) Documentation Skills
17 24 (0.81%) Retail Banking
18 23 (0.78%) Electronics
19 21 (0.71%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,385 (46.84%) Developer
2 432 (14.61%) Software Engineer
3 394 (13.32%) Java Developer
4 382 (12.92%) Senior Developer
5 258 (8.73%) Software Developer
6 214 (7.24%) Full Stack Developer
7 189 (6.39%) .NET Developer
7 189 (6.39%) Test Engineer
8 184 (6.22%) Analyst
9 163 (5.51%) Java Engineer
10 161 (5.44%) QA Engineer
11 140 (4.73%) C# Developer
12 138 (4.67%) Senior Software Engineer
13 126 (4.26%) Lead Developer
14 105 (3.55%) Java Software Engineer
14 105 (3.55%) Senior Java Developer
15 103 (3.48%) Tester
16 98 (3.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 91 (3.08%) Test Automation Engineer
18 74 (2.50%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 760 (25.70%) React
2 638 (21.58%) .NET
3 566 (19.14%) Node.js
4 563 (19.04%) REST
5 551 (18.63%) AngularJS
6 546 (18.46%) Spring
7 475 (16.06%) CSS
8 473 (16.00%) HTML
9 427 (14.44%) RESTful
10 356 (12.04%) Spring Boot
11 320 (10.82%) .NET Core
12 297 (10.04%) Kafka
13 282 (9.54%) Web Services
14 255 (8.62%) HTML5
15 234 (7.91%) GraphQL
16 215 (7.27%) CSS3
17 206 (6.97%) JSON
18 189 (6.39%) .NET Framework
19 175 (5.92%) ASP.NET
20 171 (5.78%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 208 (7.03%) User Experience
2 158 (5.34%) Greenfield Project
3 148 (5.01%) Enterprise Software
4 112 (3.79%) Algorithms
5 108 (3.65%) Mobile App
6 107 (3.62%) Self-Motivation
7 104 (3.52%) Data Structures
8 67 (2.27%) Video\Live Streaming
9 58 (1.96%) Cloud Native
10 54 (1.83%) Virtual Team
11 46 (1.56%) Over-the-Top Content
11 46 (1.56%) Video on Demand
12 39 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
13 34 (1.15%) Social Media
14 31 (1.05%) Public Cloud
15 28 (0.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 28 (0.95%) Internet of Things
15 28 (0.95%) Life Science
16 26 (0.88%) iPad
16 26 (0.88%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 208 (7.03%) Linux
2 137 (4.63%) Android
3 113 (3.82%) Unix
4 104 (3.52%) Apple iOS
5 82 (2.77%) Windows
6 18 (0.61%) Ubuntu
7 11 (0.37%) Mesosphere
8 8 (0.27%) VMS
9 3 (0.10%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.068%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.068%) Tizen
10 2 (0.068%) webOS
11 1 (0.034%) FreeBSD
11 1 (0.034%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,375 (80.32%) Agile Software Development
2 2,254 (76.23%) TDD
3 1,252 (42.34%) CI/CD
4 1,070 (36.19%) Test Automation
5 1,043 (35.27%) Scrum
6 971 (32.84%) DevOps
7 898 (30.37%) Microservices
8 879 (29.73%) Software Engineering
9 776 (26.24%) Continuous Integration
10 579 (19.58%) Full Stack Development
11 413 (13.97%) Mentoring
12 380 (12.85%) Kanban
13 357 (12.07%) Software Testing
14 328 (11.09%) SOLID
15 321 (10.86%) Problem-Solving
16 320 (10.82%) Unit Testing
17 310 (10.48%) OO
18 301 (10.18%) Continuous Delivery
19 290 (9.81%) SDLC
20 286 (9.67%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,217 (41.16%) Java
2 1,016 (34.36%) JavaScript
3 888 (30.03%) C#
4 742 (25.09%) SQL
5 606 (20.49%) Python
6 393 (13.29%) TypeScript
7 212 (7.17%) Java 8
8 175 (5.92%) PHP
9 148 (5.01%) Go
10 144 (4.87%) Ruby
11 142 (4.80%) Scala
12 97 (3.28%) Kotlin
13 92 (3.11%) Java 11
14 82 (2.77%) PowerShell
15 77 (2.60%) T-SQL
16 76 (2.57%) ES6
17 59 (2.00%) C
17 59 (2.00%) Groovy
18 57 (1.93%) Shell Script
19 56 (1.89%) Bash
Qualifications
1 256 (8.66%) Degree
2 124 (4.19%) Computer Science Degree
3 117 (3.96%) Security Cleared
4 91 (3.08%) SC Cleared
5 71 (2.40%) ISTQB
6 38 (1.29%) Oracle Certification
7 34 (1.15%) ISEB
7 34 (1.15%) OCP
8 28 (0.95%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 28 (0.95%) Master's Degree
9 23 (0.78%) HND
10 12 (0.41%) IIBA
11 11 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
12 7 (0.24%) DV Cleared
13 6 (0.20%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 4 (0.14%) AWS Certification
14 4 (0.14%) OCPJP
14 4 (0.14%) PMI Certification
14 4 (0.14%) Sun Certification
15 3 (0.10%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 561 (18.97%) QA
2 56 (1.89%) Accessibility
3 7 (0.24%) GDPR
3 7 (0.24%) WAI
4 6 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.17%) HIPAA
6 3 (0.10%) SLA
7 2 (0.068%) PSD2
8 1 (0.034%) SEPA
System Software
1 762 (25.77%) Docker
2 31 (1.05%) HDFS
3 24 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.51%) Postfix
5 9 (0.30%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.068%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.068%) Firmware
7 2 (0.068%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 519 (17.55%) Kubernetes
2 224 (7.58%) Terraform
3 99 (3.35%) Ansible
4 62 (2.10%) Opscode Chef
5 55 (1.86%) Prometheus
6 51 (1.72%) Puppet
7 36 (1.22%) Kibana
8 30 (1.01%) Grafana
9 25 (0.85%) logstash
10 24 (0.81%) Opsgenie
11 20 (0.68%) MIIS
12 18 (0.61%) Rancher
13 15 (0.51%) HAProxy
13 15 (0.51%) Istio
13 15 (0.51%) Pingdom
13 15 (0.51%) ZABBIX
14 14 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
15 11 (0.37%) Automic
16 9 (0.30%) Graphite
16 9 (0.30%) Graylog
Vendors
1 209 (7.07%) Microsoft
2 133 (4.50%) Google
3 113 (3.82%) Oracle
4 44 (1.49%) Cognizant
5 34 (1.15%) Dell
6 29 (0.98%) Apple
7 26 (0.88%) VMware
8 25 (0.85%) Okta
9 23 (0.78%) Atlassian
9 23 (0.78%) LexisNexis
10 22 (0.74%) Xamarin
11 21 (0.71%) HP
12 19 (0.64%) Splunk
12 19 (0.64%) Zend
13 18 (0.61%) Confluent
13 18 (0.61%) Databricks
13 18 (0.61%) New Relic
14 17 (0.57%) Bloomberg
15 15 (0.51%) Salesforce.com
15 15 (0.51%) Sun