Period
to 16 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 16 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > England
6 months to
16 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 107 80 78
Rank change year-on-year -27 -2 -22
Permanent jobs citing BDD 2,451 3,371 4,853
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.07% 3.80% 3.63%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.30% 4.11% 3.93%
Number of salaries quoted 2,010 2,751 3,870
10th Percentile £41,950 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £50,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £58,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.84% +6.36% +10.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £86,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,402 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +5.05% +4.55% +10.00%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,285 82,006 123,464
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.96% 92.42% 92.37%
Number of salaries quoted 56,058 66,473 98,698
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD in England.

Salary trend for BDD in England

BDD
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD in England over the 6 months to 16 May 2021.

Salary histogram for BDD in England

BDD
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the England region over the 6 months to 16 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -24 1,343 £70,000 +7.69% 222
South East +22 432 £55,000 -2.22% 86
North of England -88 252 £52,500 +5.00% 107
South West -25 187 £53,750 +7.50% 35
Yorkshire -55 142 £52,500 +10.53% 25
Midlands -22 133 £55,000 +6.82% 36
West Midlands 0 103 £55,000 +10.00% 23
North West -66 102 £55,000 +4.76% 68
East of England -27 70 £60,000 +14.29% 26
East Midlands -36 27 £42,500 -22.73% 13
North East -22 8 £62,500 +38.89% 14
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 16 May 2021, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,847 (75.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,816 (74.09%) TDD
3 1,010 (41.21%) Java
4 1,002 (40.88%) Test Automation
5 886 (36.15%) JavaScript
6 820 (33.46%) DevOps
7 812 (33.13%) C#
8 770 (31.42%) Microservices
9 734 (29.95%) AWS
10 696 (28.40%) Azure
11 685 (27.95%) Scrum
12 588 (23.99%) Selenium
13 583 (23.79%) .NET
14 528 (21.54%) Software Engineering
15 523 (21.34%) Continuous Integration
16 502 (20.48%) SQL
16 502 (20.48%) React
17 497 (20.28%) QA
18 453 (18.48%) AngularJS
19 446 (18.20%) Git (software)
20 433 (17.67%) Finance
21 420 (17.14%) Docker
21 420 (17.14%) Social Skills
22 412 (16.81%) Cucumber
23 411 (16.77%) Python
24 408 (16.65%) CSS
25 407 (16.61%) Jenkins
26 401 (16.36%) HTML
27 397 (16.20%) Spring
28 375 (15.30%) REST

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (5.51%) Confluence
2 79 (3.22%) Elasticsearch
3 45 (1.84%) CMS
4 42 (1.71%) Apache
5 38 (1.55%) Tomcat
6 30 (1.22%) Apache Spark
7 28 (1.14%) Oracle Workflow
8 27 (1.10%) GemFire
9 15 (0.61%) Drupal
10 14 (0.57%) JBoss
10 14 (0.57%) Red Hat Fuse
11 13 (0.53%) Apache Solr
11 13 (0.53%) Mule
11 13 (0.53%) Mule ESB
12 12 (0.49%) IIS
13 11 (0.45%) nginx
13 11 (0.45%) NServiceBus
14 10 (0.41%) Headless CMS
15 8 (0.33%) Umbraco
16 7 (0.29%) OpenStack
Applications
1 13 (0.53%) Chatbot
2 9 (0.37%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (0.29%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
5 3 (0.12%) Figma
6 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.041%) Mingle
6 1 (0.041%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 17 (0.69%) Payment Gateway
2 15 (0.61%) Shopify
3 3 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.082%) Endur
5 1 (0.041%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.041%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.041%) Magento
5 1 (0.041%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.041%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 734 (29.95%) AWS
2 696 (28.40%) Azure
3 216 (8.81%) GCP
4 213 (8.69%) Serverless
5 174 (7.10%) SaaS
6 115 (4.69%) GitHub
7 93 (3.79%) AWS Lambda
8 78 (3.18%) Azure Functions
9 62 (2.53%) Azure Service Bus
10 57 (2.33%) BrowserStack
10 57 (2.33%) PaaS
11 53 (2.16%) Amazon EC2
12 50 (2.04%) Amazon SQS
13 44 (1.80%) AWS CloudFormation
14 43 (1.75%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 39 (1.59%) Azure Service Fabric
16 35 (1.43%) Azure Event Grid
16 35 (1.43%) NuGet
17 32 (1.31%) Azure App Service
18 31 (1.26%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 53 (2.16%) HTTP
2 48 (1.96%) Internet
3 23 (0.94%) Skype
4 17 (0.69%) Broadband
5 11 (0.45%) DNS
6 9 (0.37%) SSH
7 4 (0.16%) Network Security
8 3 (0.12%) AMQP
8 3 (0.12%) SAN
8 3 (0.12%) SMTP
8 3 (0.12%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.082%) SSL
9 2 (0.082%) VoIP
10 1 (0.041%) Firewall
10 1 (0.041%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.041%) LAN
10 1 (0.041%) RTP
10 1 (0.041%) WAN
10 1 (0.041%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.041%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 312 (12.73%) SQL Server
2 223 (9.10%) NoSQL
3 192 (7.83%) MongoDB
4 162 (6.61%) Relational Database
5 152 (6.20%) PostgreSQL
6 117 (4.77%) MySQL
7 89 (3.63%) Redis
8 83 (3.39%) Big Data
9 51 (2.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 50 (2.04%) Azure SQL Database
11 35 (1.43%) Apache Cassandra
12 27 (1.10%) SQL Server 2019
13 25 (1.02%) Oracle Database
13 25 (1.02%) RDBMS
14 23 (0.94%) HBase
14 23 (0.94%) MariaDB
15 17 (0.69%) Data Warehouse
16 13 (0.53%) Amazon RDS
17 11 (0.45%) Riak
17 11 (0.45%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 588 (23.99%) Selenium
2 446 (18.20%) Git (software)
3 412 (16.81%) Cucumber
4 407 (16.61%) Jenkins
5 338 (13.79%) JIRA
6 224 (9.14%) SpecFlow
7 183 (7.47%) WebDriver
8 151 (6.16%) Postman
9 150 (6.12%) Maven
10 137 (5.59%) JUnit
11 135 (5.51%) Cypress.io
12 115 (4.69%) Appium
13 89 (3.63%) TeamCity
14 86 (3.51%) JMeter
15 84 (3.43%) GitLab
16 77 (3.14%) Visual Studio
17 71 (2.90%) NUnit
18 63 (2.57%) REST Assured
19 60 (2.45%) Protractor
19 60 (2.45%) webpack
General
1 433 (17.67%) Finance
2 420 (17.14%) Social Skills
3 198 (8.08%) Banking
4 153 (6.24%) Public Sector
5 141 (5.75%) Retail
6 91 (3.71%) Marketing
7 74 (3.02%) Analytical Skills
8 73 (2.98%) Games
9 60 (2.45%) Electronics
10 54 (2.20%) Investment Banking
11 53 (2.16%) Manufacturing
12 45 (1.84%) Law
13 43 (1.75%) Financial Institution
14 38 (1.55%) Advertising
15 34 (1.39%) Telecoms
16 27 (1.10%) Automotive
16 27 (1.10%) Publishing
17 23 (0.94%) Organisational Skills
18 19 (0.78%) Presentation Skills
19 17 (0.69%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 1,096 (44.72%) Developer
2 301 (12.28%) Senior Developer
3 289 (11.79%) Software Engineer
4 282 (11.51%) Java Developer
5 219 (8.94%) .NET Developer
6 194 (7.92%) Test Engineer
7 164 (6.69%) Software Developer
8 163 (6.65%) Full Stack Developer
9 162 (6.61%) QA Engineer
10 157 (6.41%) C# Developer
11 148 (6.04%) Analyst
12 141 (5.75%) Java Engineer
13 111 (4.53%) Tester
14 108 (4.41%) Test Automation Engineer
15 99 (4.04%) C# .NET Developer
16 98 (4.00%) Senior Software Engineer
17 92 (3.75%) JavaScript Developer
17 92 (3.75%) React Developer
18 91 (3.71%) Java Software Engineer
19 90 (3.67%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 583 (23.79%) .NET
2 502 (20.48%) React
3 453 (18.48%) AngularJS
4 408 (16.65%) CSS
5 401 (16.36%) HTML
6 397 (16.20%) Spring
7 375 (15.30%) REST
8 354 (14.44%) Node.js
9 342 (13.95%) RESTful
10 338 (13.79%) .NET Core
11 331 (13.50%) Web Services
12 195 (7.96%) ASP.NET
13 192 (7.83%) HTML5
14 183 (7.47%) Spring Boot
15 166 (6.77%) Gherkin
16 160 (6.53%) CSS3
17 148 (6.04%) Kafka
18 137 (5.59%) Vue.js
19 135 (5.51%) JSON
20 132 (5.39%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 182 (7.43%) Greenfield Project
2 173 (7.06%) Mobile App
3 126 (5.14%) User Experience
4 73 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
5 60 (2.45%) Cloud Native
6 53 (2.16%) Algorithms
7 48 (1.96%) NHS
8 45 (1.84%) iPad
9 44 (1.80%) Data Structures
10 33 (1.35%) Linux Command Line
11 31 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
12 19 (0.78%) Internet of Things
13 18 (0.73%) Blog
14 17 (0.69%) Data Centre
14 17 (0.69%) Management Information System
14 17 (0.69%) Over-the-Top Content
14 17 (0.69%) Video\Live Streaming
15 16 (0.65%) Equities
15 16 (0.65%) Social Network
16 14 (0.57%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 177 (7.22%) Linux
2 96 (3.92%) Android
3 70 (2.86%) Apple iOS
4 68 (2.77%) Unix
5 41 (1.67%) Windows
6 3 (0.12%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.082%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.041%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.041%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,847 (75.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,816 (74.09%) TDD
3 1,002 (40.88%) Test Automation
4 820 (33.46%) DevOps
5 770 (31.42%) Microservices
6 685 (27.95%) Scrum
7 528 (21.54%) Software Engineering
8 523 (21.34%) Continuous Integration
9 339 (13.83%) Mentoring
10 333 (13.59%) Software Testing
11 328 (13.38%) OO
12 305 (12.44%) Kanban
13 301 (12.28%) Fintech
14 272 (11.10%) Continuous Delivery
15 261 (10.65%) SDLC
16 229 (9.34%) Pair Programming
17 221 (9.02%) MVC
18 185 (7.55%) SOLID
19 183 (7.47%) Problem-Solving
20 176 (7.18%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 1,010 (41.21%) Java
2 886 (36.15%) JavaScript
3 812 (33.13%) C#
4 502 (20.48%) SQL
5 411 (16.77%) Python
6 292 (11.91%) TypeScript
7 145 (5.92%) Java 8
8 78 (3.18%) Go
9 73 (2.98%) Ruby
10 66 (2.69%) PHP
11 62 (2.53%) Scala
12 57 (2.33%) Groovy
13 50 (2.04%) Bash Shell
13 50 (2.04%) C++
14 48 (1.96%) Kotlin
15 45 (1.84%) Shell Script
16 42 (1.71%) PowerShell
17 39 (1.59%) C
18 36 (1.47%) ES6
19 32 (1.31%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 197 (8.04%) Degree
2 97 (3.96%) Security Cleared
3 87 (3.55%) ISTQB
4 83 (3.39%) SC Cleared
5 46 (1.88%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 45 (1.84%) ISEB
7 41 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
8 20 (0.82%) OCP
8 20 (0.82%) Oracle Certification
9 17 (0.69%) Microsoft Certification
10 10 (0.41%) DV Cleared
11 7 (0.29%) AWS Certification
11 7 (0.29%) OSCP
12 6 (0.24%) OSCE
13 5 (0.20%) CITP
14 4 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
15 3 (0.12%) IIBA
16 2 (0.082%) APMG
17 1 (0.041%) CEH
17 1 (0.041%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 497 (20.28%) QA
2 28 (1.14%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.78%) GDPR
4 12 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.33%) ISO 20022
6 7 (0.29%) SOC 2
7 6 (0.24%) NIST
7 6 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.24%) SOC 1
8 5 (0.20%) ISO 9001
8 5 (0.20%) SEPA
9 2 (0.082%) MiFID
10 1 (0.041%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.041%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.041%) WCAG
System Software
1 420 (17.14%) Docker
2 34 (1.39%) NDS
3 33 (1.35%) NetIQ eDirectory
4 31 (1.26%) Active Directory
5 21 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
6 20 (0.82%) HDFS
7 8 (0.33%) Postfix
8 3 (0.12%) Firmware
8 3 (0.12%) vSphere
9 1 (0.041%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.041%) KVM
9 1 (0.041%) LXC
9 1 (0.041%) Xen
Systems Management
1 368 (15.01%) Kubernetes
2 116 (4.73%) Terraform
3 98 (4.00%) Ansible
4 54 (2.20%) Puppet
5 41 (1.67%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (1.26%) NetIQ Identity Manager
7 25 (1.02%) Istio
8 23 (0.94%) HP Quality Center
9 18 (0.73%) Kibana
10 16 (0.65%) Fortio
10 16 (0.65%) Kiali
11 12 (0.49%) MIIS
12 11 (0.45%) Grafana
13 10 (0.41%) Prometheus
14 6 (0.24%) Consul
14 6 (0.24%) linkerd
14 6 (0.24%) Rancher
15 4 (0.16%) Marathon
15 4 (0.16%) Opsgenie
15 4 (0.16%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 226 (9.22%) Microsoft
2 121 (4.94%) Oracle
3 95 (3.88%) Google
4 37 (1.51%) Xamarin
5 34 (1.39%) ForgeRock
5 34 (1.39%) NetIQ
6 33 (1.35%) Okta
6 33 (1.35%) SAP
6 33 (1.35%) VMware
7 30 (1.22%) Splunk
8 23 (0.94%) Atlassian
8 23 (0.94%) IBM
9 19 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
10 18 (0.73%) New Relic
11 14 (0.57%) Elastic Path
11 14 (0.57%) HP
12 13 (0.53%) Adobe
13 11 (0.45%) Apple
13 11 (0.45%) ESRI
13 11 (0.45%) PayPal