Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GraphQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GraphQL over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GraphQL
UK > England
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 217 328 434
Rank change year-on-year +111 +106 +265
Contract jobs citing GraphQL 555 312 464
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.22% 0.70% 0.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.01% 2.31% 1.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 416 249 343
10th Percentile £370 £377 £413
25th Percentile £425 £438 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year - -4.55% +11.73%
75th Percentile £601 £605 £588
90th Percentile £697 £638 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £550
% change year-on-year -4.76% -4.55% +11.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 7
10th Percentile " " £32.50
25th Percentile £36.25 " £38.00
Median hourly rate £37.50 - £55.00
75th Percentile £43.13 " £56.50
90th Percentile £45.75 " £56.90
UK median hourly rate £37.50 - £55.00

GraphQL is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,856 13,495 27,743
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.43% 30.46% 33.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,016 9,680 19,913
10th Percentile £347 £340 £338
25th Percentile £413 £413 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 139 121 236
10th Percentile £21.93 £20.50 £17.75
25th Percentile £31.88 £32.75 £30.38
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.50 £44.92
Median % change year-on-year -3.23% +3.53% +6.31%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.63 £66.00 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.41 £44.18
% change year-on-year -3.03% +5.04% +5.19%

GraphQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GraphQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GraphQL in England

GraphQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GraphQL in England.

Daily rate trend for GraphQL in England

GraphQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GraphQL in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GraphQL in England

GraphQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GraphQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for GraphQL in England

GraphQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GraphQL within the England region over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +72 452 £525 -4.55% 157
North of England +32 28 £425 -8.11% 57
South West +48 21 £463 +12.12% 20
South East +24 19 £475 -5.00% 25
Yorkshire +30 12 £400 -8.05% 13
North West +17 12 £450 -1.37% 34
Midlands +6 6 £425 -2.86% 17
East of England +24 5 £500 +29.45% 11
North East +17 4 - - 10
West Midlands - 4 £425 - 13
East Midlands +6 2 £460 +5.14% 4
GraphQL
UK

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GraphQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for GraphQL.

1 298 (53.69%) JavaScript
2 259 (46.67%) Node.js
3 246 (44.32%) React
4 243 (43.78%) Agile Software Development
5 207 (37.30%) TypeScript
6 171 (30.81%) Azure
7 160 (28.83%) AWS
8 145 (26.13%) CSS
9 130 (23.42%) TDD
9 130 (23.42%) Microservices
10 126 (22.70%) Redux
10 126 (22.70%) HTML
11 115 (20.72%) REST
12 114 (20.54%) Java
13 109 (19.64%) Kubernetes
14 108 (19.46%) Software Engineering
15 105 (18.92%) Docker
16 102 (18.38%) DevOps
17 98 (17.66%) Test Automation
18 91 (16.40%) Python
19 85 (15.32%) SQL
20 83 (14.95%) Serverless
21 82 (14.77%) webpack
21 82 (14.77%) Git (software)
22 80 (14.41%) Finance
23 74 (13.33%) Social Skills
24 68 (12.25%) ES6
25 65 (11.71%) Greenfield Project
26 59 (10.63%) Scrum
27 58 (10.45%) Spring

GraphQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (4.32%) Elasticsearch
2 18 (3.24%) CMS
3 7 (1.26%) Apache
3 7 (1.26%) Confluence
3 7 (1.26%) Headless CMS
4 6 (1.08%) Tornado
5 3 (0.54%) nginx
6 2 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 2 (0.36%) Drupal
6 2 (0.36%) IIS
6 2 (0.36%) Wowza Streaming Engine
7 1 (0.18%) Jupyter
7 1 (0.18%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.18%) WordPress
Applications
1 2 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
2 1 (0.18%) Figma
Business Applications
1 12 (2.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.72%) Shopify
3 1 (0.18%) Magento
3 1 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.18%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 171 (30.81%) Azure
2 160 (28.83%) AWS
3 83 (14.95%) Serverless
4 54 (9.73%) AWS Lambda
5 47 (8.47%) GCP
6 32 (5.77%) GitHub
7 25 (4.50%) Heroku
8 22 (3.96%) PaaS
9 15 (2.70%) Cloud Computing
10 13 (2.34%) Amazon S3
11 11 (1.98%) npm
12 10 (1.80%) Azure Functions
12 10 (1.80%) Datadog
12 10 (1.80%) IaaS
13 8 (1.44%) Azure Logic Apps
13 8 (1.44%) Azure Storage
13 8 (1.44%) Route 53
13 8 (1.44%) SaaS
14 7 (1.26%) Power Platform
15 6 (1.08%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.54%) HTTP
2 2 (0.36%) RTMP
3 1 (0.18%) Bluetooth
3 1 (0.18%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (8.11%) PostgreSQL
2 44 (7.93%) NoSQL
3 31 (5.59%) MongoDB
4 16 (2.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 16 (2.88%) Relational Database
5 13 (2.34%) RDBMS
5 13 (2.34%) Redis
5 13 (2.34%) SQL Server
6 12 (2.16%) Hazelcast
7 10 (1.80%) DB2
8 9 (1.62%) Azure SQL Database
8 9 (1.62%) Neo4j
9 7 (1.26%) MySQL
10 4 (0.72%) Big Data
11 3 (0.54%) Apache Cassandra
11 3 (0.54%) MariaDB
12 2 (0.36%) Amazon Aurora
12 2 (0.36%) Blockchain
12 2 (0.36%) Power BI
13 1 (0.18%) Scylla
Development Applications
1 82 (14.77%) Git (software)
1 82 (14.77%) webpack
2 31 (5.59%) Jenkins
3 24 (4.32%) JIRA
4 22 (3.96%) Cucumber
4 22 (3.96%) Maven
5 21 (3.78%) Cypress.io
6 15 (2.70%) gulp
7 13 (2.34%) Gradle
7 13 (2.34%) SonarQube
8 12 (2.16%) Mocha
8 12 (2.16%) Selenium
9 11 (1.98%) CircleCI
9 11 (1.98%) GitLab
9 11 (1.98%) TeamCity
10 9 (1.62%) Bitbucket
11 8 (1.44%) Babel
11 8 (1.44%) git-flow
11 8 (1.44%) JUnit
11 8 (1.44%) Protractor
General
1 80 (14.41%) Finance
2 74 (13.33%) Social Skills
3 37 (6.67%) Analytical Skills
4 23 (4.14%) Retail
5 21 (3.78%) Front Office
6 19 (3.42%) Public Sector
7 16 (2.88%) Banking
8 15 (2.70%) Games
9 11 (1.98%) Marketing
10 9 (1.62%) Publishing
10 9 (1.62%) Telecoms
11 8 (1.44%) Electronics
11 8 (1.44%) Manufacturing
12 6 (1.08%) Presentation Skills
13 5 (0.90%) Advertising
14 4 (0.72%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.72%) Influencing Skills
15 3 (0.54%) Back Office
15 3 (0.54%) Documentation Skills
15 3 (0.54%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 381 (68.65%) Developer
2 130 (23.42%) React Developer
3 83 (14.95%) Full Stack Developer
4 68 (12.25%) JavaScript Developer
5 56 (10.09%) Node.js Developer
6 46 (8.29%) Java Developer
7 43 (7.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 39 (7.03%) Senior Developer
9 28 (5.05%) Python Developer
10 21 (3.78%) Architect
10 21 (3.78%) Front Office Developer
11 17 (3.06%) Azure Developer
12 16 (2.88%) Software Engineer
13 15 (2.70%) Lead Developer
14 12 (2.16%) Digital Developer
15 11 (1.98%) Senior React Developer
16 10 (1.80%) AWS Developer
17 9 (1.62%) .NET Developer
17 9 (1.62%) Azure Engineer
17 9 (1.62%) JavaScript Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 259 (46.67%) Node.js
2 246 (44.32%) React
3 145 (26.13%) CSS
4 126 (22.70%) HTML
4 126 (22.70%) Redux
5 115 (20.72%) REST
6 58 (10.45%) Spring
7 57 (10.27%) AngularJS
7 57 (10.27%) Apollo GraphQL
8 53 (9.55%) Jest
9 49 (8.83%) Kafka
10 43 (7.75%) React Native
11 40 (7.21%) Express
12 37 (6.67%) HTML5
13 34 (6.13%) RESTful
14 31 (5.59%) .NET
15 28 (5.05%) Sass
15 28 (5.05%) Vue.js
16 26 (4.68%) Django
16 26 (4.68%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 65 (11.71%) Greenfield Project
2 48 (8.65%) User Experience
3 35 (6.31%) Algorithms
4 33 (5.95%) Data Structures
5 27 (4.86%) Cloud Native
6 22 (3.96%) Equities
7 20 (3.60%) Reference Data
8 19 (3.42%) Credit Risk
8 19 (3.42%) Derivative
8 19 (3.42%) Fixed Income
8 19 (3.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 19 (3.42%) Hedge funds
8 19 (3.42%) Mobile App
9 13 (2.34%) Social Media
10 9 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (1.08%) Video\Live Streaming
12 5 (0.90%) Data Centre
12 5 (0.90%) Semantic Web
12 5 (0.90%) Virtual Team
13 4 (0.72%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 33 (5.95%) Linux
2 23 (4.14%) Android
2 23 (4.14%) Apple iOS
3 10 (1.80%) Unix
4 2 (0.36%) VMS
4 2 (0.36%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 243 (43.78%) Agile Software Development
2 130 (23.42%) Microservices
2 130 (23.42%) TDD
3 108 (19.46%) Software Engineering
4 102 (18.38%) DevOps
5 98 (17.66%) Test Automation
6 59 (10.63%) Scrum
7 57 (10.27%) Front End Development
8 52 (9.37%) BDD
9 47 (8.47%) Analytics
10 46 (8.29%) Problem-Solving
11 45 (8.11%) E-Commerce
12 41 (7.39%) Open Source
13 37 (6.67%) API Design
14 36 (6.49%) Computer Science
15 32 (5.77%) Continuous Integration
15 32 (5.77%) Mentoring
16 29 (5.23%) Pair Programming
17 28 (5.05%) Fintech
18 27 (4.86%) OO
Programming Languages
1 298 (53.69%) JavaScript
2 207 (37.30%) TypeScript
3 114 (20.54%) Java
4 91 (16.40%) Python
5 85 (15.32%) SQL
6 68 (12.25%) ES6
7 47 (8.47%) Kotlin
8 42 (7.57%) C#
9 33 (5.95%) Java 8
9 33 (5.95%) Scala
10 25 (4.50%) C++
11 23 (4.14%) Go
12 11 (1.98%) Bash Shell
13 8 (1.44%) Apple Swift
13 8 (1.44%) PHP
13 8 (1.44%) PowerShell
14 7 (1.26%) Ruby
15 5 (0.90%) SHACL
15 5 (0.90%) SPARQL
15 5 (0.90%) VB
Qualifications
1 42 (7.57%) Security Cleared
2 41 (7.39%) SC Cleared
3 29 (5.23%) Degree
4 8 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.54%) DV Cleared
6 2 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.18%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.18%) CISA
7 1 (0.18%) CISM
7 1 (0.18%) CISSP
7 1 (0.18%) CRISC
7 1 (0.18%) ISEB
7 1 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (7.39%) QA
2 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (0.18%) GDPR
2 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (0.18%) NIST
2 1 (0.18%) WCAG
System Software
1 105 (18.92%) Docker
2 10 (1.80%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 109 (19.64%) Kubernetes
2 53 (9.55%) Terraform
3 15 (2.70%) Grafana
4 13 (2.34%) Prometheus
5 12 (2.16%) ZABBIX
6 9 (1.62%) Graphite
7 7 (1.26%) Istio
8 2 (0.36%) Ansible
9 1 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.18%) Kibana
9 1 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 38 (6.85%) Splunk
2 29 (5.23%) Google
3 20 (3.60%) Microsoft
4 19 (3.42%) New Relic
5 12 (2.16%) Sparx
5 12 (2.16%) Spiceworks
6 10 (1.80%) AppDynamics
6 10 (1.80%) Apple
6 10 (1.80%) IBM
7 9 (1.62%) SAP
8 5 (0.90%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.54%) Oracle
9 3 (0.54%) Rollbar
10 2 (0.36%) Adobe
10 2 (0.36%) Confluent
10 2 (0.36%) Remedy
10 2 (0.36%) Salesforce.com
11 1 (0.18%) Dell
11 1 (0.18%) Dynatrace
11 1 (0.18%) ForgeRock