Period
to 26 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GraphQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GraphQL over the 6 months to 26 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GraphQL
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 240 314 368
Rank change year-on-year +74 +54 +197
Contract jobs citing GraphQL 739 184 532
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.16% 0.72% 0.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.91% 2.25% 2.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 574 125 410
10th Percentile £406 £263 £407
25th Percentile £463 £363 £453
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £450 £538
Median % change year-on-year +22.22% -16.28% +7.50%
75th Percentile £610 £575 £600
90th Percentile £700 £645 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £450 £533
% change year-on-year +22.22% -15.49% +6.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 0
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.93 -
Median % change year-on-year -4.10% - -
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.93 -
% change year-on-year -4.10% - -

GraphQL is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,884 8,186 25,403
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.62% 31.98% 31.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,750 5,866 18,041
10th Percentile £363 £320 £340
25th Percentile £425 £408 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £495
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 203 64 232
10th Percentile £18.52 £21.80 £16.25
25th Percentile £30.63 £30.00 £30.90
Median hourly rate £49.00 £43.75 £46.45
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% -5.81% +10.60%
75th Percentile £63.00 £53.81 £53.75
90th Percentile £71.50 £60.13 £68.38
UK median hourly rate £48.88 £43.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +13.68% -4.44% +7.64%

GraphQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GraphQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GraphQL in England

GraphQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GraphQL in England.

Daily rate trend for GraphQL in England

GraphQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GraphQL in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GraphQL in England

GraphQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GraphQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for GraphQL in England

GraphQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GraphQL in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GraphQL in England

GraphQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GraphQL within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +39 530 £550 +18.60% 143
North of England -23 67 £475 +18.75% 46
North West -24 36 £475 - 27
South West -11 35 £488 +77.27% 17
South East -69 32 £506 - 25
Yorkshire -26 26 £545 +50.34% 17
Midlands - 13 £450 - 15
West Midlands - 13 £450 - 11
East of England -40 11 £538 +53.57% 8
North East -18 5 £500 -11.19% 2
GraphQL
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GraphQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for GraphQL.

1 401 (54.26%) React
2 399 (53.99%) JavaScript
3 318 (43.03%) Node.js
4 286 (38.70%) Agile Software Development
5 276 (37.35%) TypeScript
6 256 (34.64%) AWS
7 250 (33.83%) Microservices
8 239 (32.34%) Full Stack Development
9 197 (26.66%) Java
10 187 (25.30%) CSS
10 187 (25.30%) Docker
11 164 (22.19%) Software Engineering
12 161 (21.79%) Kubernetes
13 160 (21.65%) TDD
14 151 (20.43%) HTML
15 150 (20.30%) REST
16 149 (20.16%) DevOps
17 143 (19.35%) Serverless
18 140 (18.94%) Azure
19 137 (18.54%) Python
20 117 (15.83%) SQL
21 115 (15.56%) Social Skills
22 114 (15.43%) Test Automation
23 111 (15.02%) Finance
24 107 (14.48%) AWS Lambda
25 99 (13.40%) E-Commerce
25 99 (13.40%) Redux
26 86 (11.64%) Git (software)
27 85 (11.50%) BDD
28 81 (10.96%) RESTful

GraphQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (4.74%) Elasticsearch
2 22 (2.98%) CMS
3 18 (2.44%) Confluence
4 15 (2.03%) Headless CMS
5 12 (1.62%) nginx
6 11 (1.49%) Apache
6 11 (1.49%) WordPress
7 10 (1.35%) Apache Spark
8 7 (0.95%) Oracle Application Server
9 6 (0.81%) Liferay
10 5 (0.68%) Drupal
10 5 (0.68%) OpenStack
11 4 (0.54%) Tornado
12 2 (0.27%) Apache Airflow
12 2 (0.27%) IIS
12 2 (0.27%) Wowza Streaming Engine
13 1 (0.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 1 (0.14%) Camunda
13 1 (0.14%) Kentico
13 1 (0.14%) Umbraco
Applications
1 3 (0.41%) Chatbot
1 3 (0.41%) Figma
2 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
2 1 (0.14%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 6 (0.81%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.54%) Shopify
3 3 (0.41%) Oracle CRM
3 3 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 256 (34.64%) AWS
2 143 (19.35%) Serverless
3 140 (18.94%) Azure
4 107 (14.48%) AWS Lambda
5 70 (9.47%) GCP
6 34 (4.60%) SaaS
7 31 (4.19%) Amazon S3
7 31 (4.19%) npm
8 30 (4.06%) GitHub
9 27 (3.65%) Amazon SQS
10 22 (2.98%) Amazon ECS
11 21 (2.84%) Route 53
12 20 (2.71%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 19 (2.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 19 (2.57%) AWS Step Functions
13 19 (2.57%) PaaS
14 18 (2.44%) Amazon EC2
14 18 (2.44%) Datadog
14 18 (2.44%) Heroku
15 17 (2.30%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.57%) HTTP
2 10 (1.35%) AMQP
3 4 (0.54%) Firewall
3 4 (0.54%) Internet
4 2 (0.27%) RTMP
4 2 (0.27%) SSH
4 2 (0.27%) VoIP
5 1 (0.14%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.14%) DHCP
5 1 (0.14%) DNS
5 1 (0.14%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.14%) Intranet
5 1 (0.14%) IPv4
5 1 (0.14%) IPv6
5 1 (0.14%) MQTT
5 1 (0.14%) SMTP
5 1 (0.14%) SNMP
5 1 (0.14%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (10.28%) PostgreSQL
2 68 (9.20%) MongoDB
3 46 (6.22%) NoSQL
4 24 (3.25%) Redis
5 21 (2.84%) Relational Database
6 17 (2.30%) Neo4j
7 16 (2.17%) Azure SQL Database
8 13 (1.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 13 (1.76%) Amazon RDS
9 12 (1.62%) MySQL
10 11 (1.49%) RDBMS
11 8 (1.08%) Power BI
12 7 (0.95%) Cloud Spanner
12 7 (0.95%) SQL Server
13 4 (0.54%) Amazon Aurora
13 4 (0.54%) Big Data
14 3 (0.41%) Hadoop
14 3 (0.41%) MariaDB
15 2 (0.27%) Couchbase
15 2 (0.27%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 86 (11.64%) Git (software)
2 66 (8.93%) Jenkins
3 61 (8.25%) webpack
4 48 (6.50%) Cypress.io
5 45 (6.09%) JIRA
6 37 (5.01%) Cucumber
7 35 (4.74%) Mocha
8 29 (3.92%) Maven
9 23 (3.11%) Bitbucket
10 22 (2.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 20 (2.71%) Gatling
12 18 (2.44%) JMeter
13 16 (2.17%) GitLab
14 14 (1.89%) Sonatype Nexus
15 13 (1.76%) CircleCI
15 13 (1.76%) REST Assured
15 13 (1.76%) Spock
16 10 (1.35%) Sourcetree
16 10 (1.35%) Storybook
17 9 (1.22%) gulp
General
1 115 (15.56%) Social Skills
2 111 (15.02%) Finance
3 38 (5.14%) Retail
4 35 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
5 31 (4.19%) Front Office
6 26 (3.52%) Games
7 22 (2.98%) Marketing
8 21 (2.84%) Public Sector
9 18 (2.44%) Banking
9 18 (2.44%) Presentation Skills
10 13 (1.76%) Publishing
11 11 (1.49%) Telecoms
12 10 (1.35%) Manufacturing
13 9 (1.22%) Electronics
14 5 (0.68%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.54%) Influencing Skills
16 3 (0.41%) Documentation Skills
17 2 (0.27%) Law
17 2 (0.27%) Organisational Skills
18 1 (0.14%) Legal
Job Titles
1 463 (62.65%) Developer
2 141 (19.08%) React Developer
3 102 (13.80%) Full Stack Developer
4 66 (8.93%) JavaScript Developer
5 65 (8.80%) Java Developer
6 55 (7.44%) Software Engineer
7 45 (6.09%) Senior Developer
8 41 (5.55%) Python Developer
9 40 (5.41%) Lead Developer
10 39 (5.28%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 37 (5.01%) Architect
12 34 (4.60%) Node.js Developer
13 31 (4.19%) AWS Developer
14 29 (3.92%) Front Office Developer
15 28 (3.79%) JavaScript Engineer
16 20 (2.71%) .NET Developer
17 19 (2.57%) Python Engineer
17 19 (2.57%) Senior React Developer
17 19 (2.57%) Solutions Architect
18 18 (2.44%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 401 (54.26%) React
2 318 (43.03%) Node.js
3 187 (25.30%) CSS
4 151 (20.43%) HTML
5 150 (20.30%) REST
6 99 (13.40%) Redux
7 81 (10.96%) RESTful
8 80 (10.83%) Spring
9 65 (8.80%) Kafka
10 62 (8.39%) AngularJS
11 60 (8.12%) Jest
12 50 (6.77%) gRPC
13 45 (6.09%) HTML5
14 44 (5.95%) Django
15 42 (5.68%) .NET
15 42 (5.68%) Express
16 40 (5.41%) React Native
17 37 (5.01%) Apollo GraphQL
18 35 (4.74%) Spring Boot
18 35 (4.74%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 67 (9.07%) Greenfield Project
2 56 (7.58%) User Experience
3 49 (6.63%) Mobile App
4 33 (4.47%) Data Structures
5 30 (4.06%) Algorithms
5 30 (4.06%) Derivative
6 29 (3.92%) Credit Risk
6 29 (3.92%) Equities
6 29 (3.92%) Fixed Income
6 29 (3.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 29 (3.92%) Hedge funds
7 20 (2.71%) Cloud Native
7 20 (2.71%) Data Protection Act
8 16 (2.17%) Reference Data
9 14 (1.89%) Virtual Team
10 13 (1.76%) Blog
11 12 (1.62%) iPad
12 10 (1.35%) Data Centre
13 9 (1.22%) Social Media
14 8 (1.08%) Chromecast
Operating Systems
1 25 (3.38%) Linux
2 24 (3.25%) Apple iOS
3 15 (2.03%) Android
4 8 (1.08%) Windows
5 3 (0.41%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 286 (38.70%) Agile Software Development
2 250 (33.83%) Microservices
3 239 (32.34%) Full Stack Development
4 164 (22.19%) Software Engineering
5 160 (21.65%) TDD
6 149 (20.16%) DevOps
7 114 (15.43%) Test Automation
8 99 (13.40%) E-Commerce
9 85 (11.50%) BDD
10 62 (8.39%) Scrum
11 61 (8.25%) Analytics
11 61 (8.25%) Problem-Solving
12 59 (7.98%) Continuous Integration
13 55 (7.44%) Open Source
14 54 (7.31%) Front End Development
15 53 (7.17%) Continuous Delivery
16 48 (6.50%) Fintech
17 44 (5.95%) API Design
18 42 (5.68%) SDLC
19 40 (5.41%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 399 (53.99%) JavaScript
2 276 (37.35%) TypeScript
3 197 (26.66%) Java
4 137 (18.54%) Python
5 117 (15.83%) SQL
6 74 (10.01%) Kotlin
7 72 (9.74%) C#
8 46 (6.22%) Scala
9 42 (5.68%) ES6
10 41 (5.55%) C++
11 28 (3.79%) Java 8
12 23 (3.11%) Go
13 17 (2.30%) Apple Swift
14 13 (1.76%) PowerShell
15 11 (1.49%) Bash Shell
15 11 (1.49%) PHP
16 8 (1.08%) Java 11
17 5 (0.68%) VB
18 4 (0.54%) C
18 4 (0.54%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 30 (4.06%) Degree
1 30 (4.06%) SC Cleared
1 30 (4.06%) Security Cleared
2 16 (2.17%) AWS Certification
3 9 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (0.68%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.14%) CISA
5 1 (0.14%) CISM
5 1 (0.14%) CISSP
5 1 (0.14%) CRISC
5 1 (0.14%) ISEB
5 1 (0.14%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 69 (9.34%) QA
2 61 (8.25%) Accessibility
3 15 (2.03%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.27%) GDPR
5 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.14%) NIST
5 1 (0.14%) PSD2
5 1 (0.14%) WCAG
System Software
1 187 (25.30%) Docker
2 7 (0.95%) OpenAM
3 2 (0.27%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 161 (21.79%) Kubernetes
2 75 (10.15%) Terraform
3 17 (2.30%) Grafana
3 17 (2.30%) Prometheus
4 16 (2.17%) Graphite
4 16 (2.17%) ZABBIX
5 7 (0.95%) Istio
6 5 (0.68%) Packer
7 3 (0.41%) Ansible
7 3 (0.41%) Kubeflow
8 1 (0.14%) Consul
8 1 (0.14%) Graylog
8 1 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.14%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 48 (6.50%) Splunk
2 25 (3.38%) New Relic
3 24 (3.25%) Oracle
4 23 (3.11%) Google
5 16 (2.17%) Spiceworks
6 14 (1.89%) Atlassian
7 13 (1.76%) CA
8 12 (1.62%) MuleSoft
8 12 (1.62%) SAP
9 10 (1.35%) Perfecto Mobile
10 7 (0.95%) Microsoft
11 6 (0.81%) Dynatrace
11 6 (0.81%) Sparx
12 3 (0.41%) hybris
12 3 (0.41%) Salesforce.com
13 2 (0.27%) Adobe
13 2 (0.27%) Facebook
13 2 (0.27%) Rollbar
13 2 (0.27%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 2 (0.27%) Spotify