Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GraphQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GraphQL over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GraphQL
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 232 344 445
Rank change year-on-year +112 +101 +314
Contract jobs citing GraphQL 564 407 478
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.07% 0.68% 0.50%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.55% 2.26% 1.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 411 302 361
10th Percentile £363 £378 £413
25th Percentile £406 £430 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £525 £538
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% -2.33% +9.25%
75th Percentile £588 £600 £575
90th Percentile £663 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £450 £495
% change year-on-year -2.78% -9.09% +23.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 7
10th Percentile " " £32.50
25th Percentile £36.25 " £38.00
Median hourly rate £37.50 - £55.00
75th Percentile £38.75 " £56.50
90th Percentile " " £56.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £55.00

GraphQL is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,909 18,008 31,746
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.31% 30.06% 32.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,368 12,680 22,717
10th Percentile £325 £331 £325
25th Percentile £405 £410 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £588 £580 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £438
% change year-on-year -5.56% +2.86% +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 169 279
10th Percentile £23.70 £18.79 £17.90
25th Percentile £33.75 £30.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +7.41%
75th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.00 £70.75 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +3.66%

GraphQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GraphQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GraphQL.

Daily rate trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GraphQL over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GraphQL.

Hourly rate trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GraphQL within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +112 482 £500 -4.76% 254
London +73 394 £523 -5.00% 140
Work from Home -135 144 £450 -14.29% 46
UK excluding London +79 92 £438 -2.78% 133
North of England +48 27 £413 -8.33% 37
Scotland +13 20 £400 -2.44% 9
South West +60 19 £465 +12.73% 15
South East +62 16 £514 +2.80% 30
Yorkshire +38 14 £431 -6.25% 10
North West +26 10 £388 -8.82% 23
Midlands +31 5 £443 +1.14% 15
North East +28 3 - - 4
Wales +14 3 £400 -18.99% 11
West Midlands - 3 £400 - 13
East of England +33 2 £497 +37.07% 16
East Midlands +25 2 £460 +5.14% 2

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GraphQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GraphQL.

1 311 (55.14%) JavaScript
2 272 (48.23%) React
3 254 (45.04%) Node.js
4 232 (41.13%) Agile Software Development
5 200 (35.46%) TypeScript
6 166 (29.43%) Azure
7 154 (27.30%) CSS
8 149 (26.42%) AWS
9 140 (24.82%) HTML
10 130 (23.05%) Redux
11 122 (21.63%) REST
12 116 (20.57%) Docker
12 116 (20.57%) TDD
13 113 (20.04%) Software Engineering
14 105 (18.62%) Java
15 104 (18.44%) Microservices
16 101 (17.91%) Kubernetes
17 93 (16.49%) Test Automation
18 92 (16.31%) DevOps
19 88 (15.60%) Python
20 87 (15.43%) Git (software)
21 82 (14.54%) webpack
22 76 (13.48%) Serverless
23 72 (12.77%) Front End Development
24 68 (12.06%) Scrum
25 67 (11.88%) SQL
26 63 (11.17%) ES6
27 62 (10.99%) Finance
28 61 (10.82%) Greenfield Project
29 59 (10.46%) Jest

GraphQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (4.61%) Elasticsearch
2 19 (3.37%) CMS
3 14 (2.48%) Confluence
4 8 (1.42%) Headless CMS
5 6 (1.06%) Apache
5 6 (1.06%) Tornado
6 3 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 3 (0.53%) Anypoint
6 3 (0.53%) JBoss
6 3 (0.53%) nginx
6 3 (0.53%) Oracle Application Server
6 3 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 3 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
7 2 (0.35%) IIS
7 2 (0.35%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.18%) WordPress
Applications
1 3 (0.53%) Figma
2 1 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 10 (1.77%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.71%) Magento
2 4 (0.71%) Shopify
3 3 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.18%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 166 (29.43%) Azure
2 149 (26.42%) AWS
3 76 (13.48%) Serverless
4 48 (8.51%) AWS Lambda
4 48 (8.51%) GCP
5 41 (7.27%) GitHub
6 23 (4.08%) Heroku
7 20 (3.55%) PaaS
8 14 (2.48%) Cloud Computing
8 14 (2.48%) SaaS
9 12 (2.13%) Datadog
10 11 (1.95%) npm
11 10 (1.77%) Azure Functions
12 9 (1.60%) Amazon S3
13 8 (1.42%) IaaS
13 8 (1.42%) Logic Apps
14 6 (1.06%) Apigee
14 6 (1.06%) Azure Active Directory
14 6 (1.06%) Firebase
14 6 (1.06%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 4 (0.71%) HTTP
2 3 (0.53%) HTTPS
3 1 (0.18%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (5.67%) NoSQL
2 31 (5.50%) MongoDB
3 30 (5.32%) PostgreSQL
4 17 (3.01%) Redis
5 15 (2.66%) Relational Database
5 15 (2.66%) SQL Server
6 13 (2.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 12 (2.13%) Hazelcast
7 12 (2.13%) MySQL
8 11 (1.95%) Neo4j
8 11 (1.95%) RDBMS
9 10 (1.77%) DB2
10 8 (1.42%) Azure SQL Database
11 5 (0.89%) Big Data
12 4 (0.71%) Cosmos DB
13 3 (0.53%) Apache Cassandra
13 3 (0.53%) Blockchain
13 3 (0.53%) Data Warehouse
14 2 (0.35%) Amazon Aurora
14 2 (0.35%) Cloud Spanner
Development Applications
1 87 (15.43%) Git (software)
2 82 (14.54%) webpack
3 35 (6.21%) Jenkins
4 25 (4.43%) JIRA
5 24 (4.26%) CircleCI
6 23 (4.08%) Cypress.io
7 18 (3.19%) Cucumber
7 18 (3.19%) Maven
8 13 (2.30%) SonarQube
9 12 (2.13%) gulp
10 10 (1.77%) Mocha
10 10 (1.77%) Storybook
10 10 (1.77%) TeamCity
11 9 (1.60%) Gradle
11 9 (1.60%) JUnit
12 8 (1.42%) Babel
12 8 (1.42%) GitLab
12 8 (1.42%) Selenium
13 7 (1.24%) Bitbucket
13 7 (1.24%) Bundler
General
1 62 (10.99%) Finance
2 23 (4.08%) Retail
3 19 (3.37%) Public Sector
4 16 (2.84%) Front Office
5 15 (2.66%) Banking
6 14 (2.48%) Advertising
7 11 (1.95%) Marketing
8 10 (1.77%) Games
9 9 (1.60%) Publishing
10 8 (1.42%) Telecoms
11 6 (1.06%) Electronics
11 6 (1.06%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.71%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.53%) Back Office
13 3 (0.53%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.35%) Law
15 1 (0.18%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.18%) Swedish Language
Job Titles
1 406 (71.99%) Developer
2 151 (26.77%) React Developer
3 77 (13.65%) Full Stack Developer
4 62 (10.99%) JavaScript Developer
5 57 (10.11%) Node.js Developer
6 48 (8.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 48 (8.51%) Senior Developer
7 47 (8.33%) Java Developer
8 30 (5.32%) Software Engineer
9 24 (4.26%) Python Developer
10 19 (3.37%) Architect
11 16 (2.84%) Digital Developer
11 16 (2.84%) Front Office Developer
12 14 (2.48%) Senior React Developer
13 13 (2.30%) Backend Developer
14 12 (2.13%) Software Developer
15 11 (1.95%) Azure Developer
16 10 (1.77%) Senior Software Engineer
16 10 (1.77%) Web Developer
17 9 (1.60%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 272 (48.23%) React
2 254 (45.04%) Node.js
3 154 (27.30%) CSS
4 140 (24.82%) HTML
5 130 (23.05%) Redux
6 122 (21.63%) REST
7 59 (10.46%) Jest
8 56 (9.93%) Apollo GraphQL
9 54 (9.57%) AngularJS
10 49 (8.69%) Kafka
11 45 (7.98%) Spring
12 42 (7.45%) HTML5
13 35 (6.21%) Express
13 35 (6.21%) RESTful
13 35 (6.21%) Vue.js
14 30 (5.32%) gRPC
15 29 (5.14%) .NET
16 28 (4.96%) jQuery
16 28 (4.96%) React Native
17 25 (4.43%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 61 (10.82%) Greenfield Project
2 48 (8.51%) User Experience
3 35 (6.21%) Analytical Skills
4 28 (4.96%) Algorithms
5 27 (4.79%) Data Structures
6 26 (4.61%) Cloud Native
7 18 (3.19%) Mobile App
8 17 (3.01%) Equities
9 15 (2.66%) Reference Data
10 14 (2.48%) Credit Risk
10 14 (2.48%) Derivative
10 14 (2.48%) Fixed Income
10 14 (2.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 14 (2.48%) Hedge funds
11 10 (1.77%) Social Media
11 10 (1.77%) Virtual Team
12 9 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
13 7 (1.24%) e-Learning
14 5 (0.89%) Public Cloud
15 4 (0.71%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 28 (4.96%) Android
2 24 (4.26%) Linux
3 21 (3.72%) Apple iOS
4 10 (1.77%) Unix
5 2 (0.35%) VMS
6 1 (0.18%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 232 (41.13%) Agile Software Development
2 116 (20.57%) TDD
3 113 (20.04%) Software Engineering
4 104 (18.44%) Microservices
5 93 (16.49%) Test Automation
6 92 (16.31%) DevOps
7 72 (12.77%) Front End Development
8 68 (12.06%) Scrum
9 48 (8.51%) E-Commerce
10 40 (7.09%) OO
11 38 (6.74%) BDD
11 38 (6.74%) Open Source
11 38 (6.74%) Problem-Solving
12 36 (6.38%) Analytics
13 33 (5.85%) API Design
14 32 (5.67%) Computer Science
15 29 (5.14%) Continuous Integration
15 29 (5.14%) Mentoring
15 29 (5.14%) Pair Programming
16 27 (4.79%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 311 (55.14%) JavaScript
2 200 (35.46%) TypeScript
3 105 (18.62%) Java
4 88 (15.60%) Python
5 67 (11.88%) SQL
6 63 (11.17%) ES6
7 39 (6.91%) Go
8 36 (6.38%) Kotlin
9 33 (5.85%) C#
9 33 (5.85%) Scala
10 29 (5.14%) Java 8
11 22 (3.90%) Ruby
12 15 (2.66%) C++
13 13 (2.30%) Rust
14 9 (1.60%) Apple Swift
15 8 (1.42%) Bash Shell
15 8 (1.42%) C
16 7 (1.24%) PHP
17 4 (0.71%) Groovy
17 4 (0.71%) SPARQL
Qualifications
1 44 (7.80%) Security Cleared
2 42 (7.45%) SC Cleared
3 27 (4.79%) Degree
4 5 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (0.89%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.18%) CISA
6 1 (0.18%) CISM
6 1 (0.18%) CISSP
6 1 (0.18%) CRISC
6 1 (0.18%) ISEB
6 1 (0.18%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
6 1 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (7.09%) QA
2 2 (0.35%) PMO
3 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.18%) GDPR
3 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.18%) NIST
3 1 (0.18%) WCAG
System Software
1 116 (20.57%) Docker
2 10 (1.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.18%) etcd
Systems Management
1 101 (17.91%) Kubernetes
2 46 (8.16%) Terraform
3 10 (1.77%) Graphite
4 7 (1.24%) Grafana
4 7 (1.24%) Istio
5 5 (0.89%) Prometheus
6 4 (0.71%) ZABBIX
7 2 (0.35%) Ansible
7 2 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.18%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.18%) Kibana
8 1 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 37 (6.56%) Google
2 29 (5.14%) Splunk
3 21 (3.72%) Microsoft
4 12 (2.13%) Atlassian
5 10 (1.77%) AppDynamics
5 10 (1.77%) IBM
5 10 (1.77%) Sparx
6 9 (1.60%) Apple
6 9 (1.60%) New Relic
6 9 (1.60%) SAP
7 7 (1.24%) Oracle
8 4 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
8 4 (0.71%) Spiceworks
9 3 (0.53%) Adobe
9 3 (0.53%) Confluent
9 3 (0.53%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.35%) hybris
10 2 (0.35%) Remedy
11 1 (0.18%) Dynatrace
11 1 (0.18%) Facebook