Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GraphQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GraphQL over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GraphQL
UK
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 332 463 738
Rank change year-on-year +131 +275 +103
Contract jobs citing GraphQL 410 477 141
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.67% 0.49% 0.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.25% 1.50% 0.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 317 370 113
Median daily rate £525 £533 £492
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.41% +8.23% -1.60%
10th Percentile £375 £412 £363
90th Percentile £632 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £490 £400
% change year-on-year -8.16% +22.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 0
Median hourly rate - £55.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £55.00 -

GraphQL is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,247 31,863 32,953
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.02% 32.87% 32.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,354 22,471 23,275
Median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +10.47%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £662 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £413
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.06% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 250 315 326
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.00 £41.21
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.67% +1.93% +2.04%
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.50 £17.52
90th Percentile £65.86 £60.00 £59.38
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.56
% change year-on-year -17.65% +2.27% +3.89%

GraphQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GraphQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GraphQL.

Daily rate trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GraphQL over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GraphQL within the UK over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +120 372 £525 -2.33% 115
London +87 271 £550 - 56
UK excluding London +128 125 £450 -8.16% 67
North of England +84 39 £450 +2.86% 12
Work from Home +22 28 £538 +26.47% 11
South East +93 25 £500 -4.76% 36
South West +53 23 £413 -8.33% 5
North West +49 18 £425 - 3
Yorkshire +46 13 £450 -2.17% 8
Scotland +43 13 £475 +11.76% 5
East of England +33 11 £363 -18.54% 3
North East - 8 £525 - 1
Wales +36 7 £496 +20.30% 3
Midlands +40 4 £438 -16.67% 3
East Midlands +12 4 £438 -18.60%
Northern Ireland - 4 - -

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing GraphQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GraphQL.

1 236 (57.56%) Node.js
2 219 (53.41%) JavaScript
3 211 (51.46%) React
4 184 (44.88%) Agile Software Development
5 136 (33.17%) AWS
6 133 (32.44%) CSS
6 133 (32.44%) TypeScript
7 125 (30.49%) Docker
8 117 (28.54%) Redux
9 93 (22.68%) HTML
10 92 (22.44%) Kubernetes
11 85 (20.73%) Java
12 71 (17.32%) Microservices
13 69 (16.83%) TDD
14 68 (16.59%) Finance
15 67 (16.34%) Test Automation
16 66 (16.10%) Git (software)
17 59 (14.39%) SQL
17 59 (14.39%) REST
18 56 (13.66%) PostgreSQL
19 54 (13.17%) ES6
20 53 (12.93%) Serverless
21 52 (12.68%) Azure
22 51 (12.44%) BDD
23 49 (11.95%) AngularJS
24 48 (11.71%) webpack
24 48 (11.71%) Terraform
24 48 (11.71%) Scrum
25 47 (11.46%) GCP
26 46 (11.22%) DevOps

GraphQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (6.59%) Elasticsearch
2 11 (2.68%) CMS
3 10 (2.44%) nginx
4 4 (0.98%) Apache Spark
4 4 (0.98%) Headless CMS
5 3 (0.73%) Apache Solr
6 2 (0.49%) NServiceBus
6 2 (0.49%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (0.24%) Apache
7 1 (0.24%) Drupal
7 1 (0.24%) Mule
7 1 (0.24%) Tomcat
Applications
1 2 (0.49%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.24%) InVision
2 1 (0.24%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 2 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 136 (33.17%) AWS
2 53 (12.93%) Serverless
3 52 (12.68%) Azure
4 47 (11.46%) GCP
5 33 (8.05%) AWS Lambda
6 28 (6.83%) Heroku
7 15 (3.66%) GitHub
7 15 (3.66%) SaaS
8 10 (2.44%) npm
8 10 (2.44%) PaaS
9 8 (1.95%) OpenShift
10 7 (1.71%) Amazon ECS
10 7 (1.71%) CloudFront
10 7 (1.71%) Datadog
11 6 (1.46%) Amazon S3
11 6 (1.46%) AWS CloudFormation
11 6 (1.46%) Loggly
11 6 (1.46%) Yarn
12 5 (1.22%) Amazon Cognito
12 5 (1.22%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.73%) HTTP
1 3 (0.73%) SSL
2 2 (0.49%) Firewall
2 2 (0.49%) HTTPS
2 2 (0.49%) Network Security
2 2 (0.49%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (13.66%) PostgreSQL
2 40 (9.76%) MongoDB
3 33 (8.05%) NoSQL
4 22 (5.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 21 (5.12%) MySQL
6 18 (4.39%) Relational Database
7 10 (2.44%) Hadoop
8 9 (2.20%) Data Lake
9 8 (1.95%) Big Data
10 7 (1.71%) Redis
11 6 (1.46%) BigQuery
11 6 (1.46%) Neo4j
12 5 (1.22%) Blockchain
13 3 (0.73%) SQL Server
14 2 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
15 1 (0.24%) Amazon RDS
15 1 (0.24%) Flink
15 1 (0.24%) HBase
15 1 (0.24%) Power BI
15 1 (0.24%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 66 (16.10%) Git (software)
2 48 (11.71%) webpack
3 46 (11.22%) Jenkins
4 26 (6.34%) Cucumber
5 19 (4.63%) gulp
6 16 (3.90%) JIRA
6 16 (3.90%) Maven
6 16 (3.90%) Mocha
6 16 (3.90%) Selenium
7 12 (2.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 12 (2.93%) CircleCI
8 11 (2.68%) Bitbucket
8 11 (2.68%) SonarQube
9 9 (2.20%) JUnit
10 8 (1.95%) Babel
10 8 (1.95%) Cypress.io
10 8 (1.95%) Jasmine
11 7 (1.71%) Vagrant
12 6 (1.46%) Travis CI
13 5 (1.22%) Postman
General
1 68 (16.59%) Finance
2 12 (2.93%) Retail
3 11 (2.68%) Marketing
4 8 (1.95%) Publishing
5 7 (1.71%) Games
6 6 (1.46%) Banking
7 5 (1.22%) Law
7 5 (1.22%) Public Sector
8 4 (0.98%) Advertising
9 2 (0.49%) Back Office
10 1 (0.24%) Electronics
10 1 (0.24%) Front Office
10 1 (0.24%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.24%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 293 (71.46%) Developer
2 106 (25.85%) React Developer
3 57 (13.90%) Senior Developer
4 55 (13.41%) Full Stack Developer
5 54 (13.17%) Node.js Developer
6 49 (11.95%) JavaScript Developer
7 33 (8.05%) Digital Developer
8 32 (7.80%) Java Developer
9 27 (6.59%) Senior React Developer
10 23 (5.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 17 (4.15%) Software Engineer
12 16 (3.90%) AWS Developer
13 13 (3.17%) Architect
14 12 (2.93%) Software Developer
15 10 (2.44%) Angular Developer
15 10 (2.44%) Backend Developer
16 9 (2.20%) Ruby on Rails Developer
17 8 (1.95%) JavaScript Engineer
17 8 (1.95%) Python Developer
18 7 (1.71%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 236 (57.56%) Node.js
2 211 (51.46%) React
3 133 (32.44%) CSS
4 117 (28.54%) Redux
5 93 (22.68%) HTML
6 59 (14.39%) REST
7 49 (11.95%) AngularJS
8 45 (10.98%) Spring
9 42 (10.24%) Jest
10 41 (10.00%) React Native
11 39 (9.51%) Express
12 37 (9.02%) Apollo GraphQL
13 35 (8.54%) HTML5
14 33 (8.05%) Vue.js
15 32 (7.80%) RESTful
16 28 (6.83%) Web Services
17 22 (5.37%) Spring Boot
18 21 (5.12%) CSS3
18 21 (5.12%) Sass
19 16 (3.90%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 42 (10.24%) User Experience
2 37 (9.02%) Greenfield Project
3 34 (8.29%) Analytical Skills
4 24 (5.85%) Algorithms
4 24 (5.85%) Data Structures
5 14 (3.41%) Public Cloud
6 13 (3.17%) Virtual Team
7 9 (2.20%) Mobile App
8 7 (1.71%) Cloud Native
9 6 (1.46%) W3C
10 5 (1.22%) Over-the-Top Content
11 3 (0.73%) Hybrid Cloud
11 3 (0.73%) N-Tier
11 3 (0.73%) PKI
11 3 (0.73%) Social Media
12 2 (0.49%) Enterprise Cloud
12 2 (0.49%) Enterprise Software
12 2 (0.49%) Reference Data
12 2 (0.49%) Self-Motivation
12 2 (0.49%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 18 (4.39%) Android
2 17 (4.15%) Apple iOS
3 14 (3.41%) Linux
4 2 (0.49%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 184 (44.88%) Agile Software Development
2 71 (17.32%) Microservices
3 69 (16.83%) TDD
4 67 (16.34%) Test Automation
5 51 (12.44%) BDD
6 48 (11.71%) Scrum
7 46 (11.22%) DevOps
8 43 (10.49%) OO
8 43 (10.49%) Problem-Solving
9 40 (9.76%) Front End Development
10 38 (9.27%) Pair Programming
11 35 (8.54%) Software Engineering
12 34 (8.29%) API Design
13 33 (8.05%) OOD
14 32 (7.80%) Open Source
15 28 (6.83%) Computer Science
16 27 (6.59%) Mentoring
17 26 (6.34%) Fintech
18 23 (5.61%) Unit Testing
19 22 (5.37%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 219 (53.41%) JavaScript
2 133 (32.44%) TypeScript
3 85 (20.73%) Java
4 59 (14.39%) SQL
5 54 (13.17%) ES6
6 35 (8.54%) Python
7 24 (5.85%) Java 8
8 23 (5.61%) Kotlin
9 21 (5.12%) Ruby
10 10 (2.44%) Go
11 9 (2.20%) C#
12 6 (1.46%) Scala
13 5 (1.22%) Bash Shell
13 5 (1.22%) Shell Script
14 4 (0.98%) Apple Swift
14 4 (0.98%) Cypher
14 4 (0.98%) Elixir
14 4 (0.98%) Elm
14 4 (0.98%) ES7
14 4 (0.98%) PHP
Qualifications
1 31 (7.56%) Security Cleared
2 28 (6.83%) SC Cleared
3 8 (1.95%) Degree
4 6 (1.46%) SANS
5 2 (0.49%) CCNA
5 2 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
5 2 (0.49%) CISSP
5 2 (0.49%) CompTIA Security+
5 2 (0.49%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.49%) GIAC
5 2 (0.49%) Linux+ Certification
5 2 (0.49%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.49%) MCSE
5 2 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
5 2 (0.49%) Network+ Certification
5 2 (0.49%) SSCP
6 1 (0.24%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.24%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.24%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (1.71%) QA
1 7 (1.71%) WCAG
2 3 (0.73%) GDPR
System Software
1 125 (30.49%) Docker
Systems Management
1 92 (22.44%) Kubernetes
2 48 (11.71%) Terraform
3 8 (1.95%) Kibana
4 4 (0.98%) Grafana
5 3 (0.73%) Prometheus
6 2 (0.49%) OpenNebula
7 1 (0.24%) Ansible
7 1 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.24%) Graphite
7 1 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 19 (4.63%) Google
2 15 (3.66%) Oracle
3 12 (2.93%) IBM
4 7 (1.71%) New Relic
5 6 (1.46%) Atlassian
6 5 (1.22%) Perforce
7 4 (0.98%) Apple
7 4 (0.98%) Microsoft
7 4 (0.98%) SAP
8 2 (0.49%) Dell
9 1 (0.24%) Adobe
9 1 (0.24%) MuleSoft
9 1 (0.24%) Roku
9 1 (0.24%) ServiceNow
9 1 (0.24%) Twitter
9 1 (0.24%) WorldPay