Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GraphQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GraphQL over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GraphQL
UK
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 279 222 339
Rank change year-on-year -57 +117 +117
Contract jobs citing GraphQL 824 686 336
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.95% 1.18% 0.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.51% 3.86% 2.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 650 518 248
10th Percentile £425 £372 £378
25th Percentile £481 £413 £429
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% -4.55%
75th Percentile £650 £598 £605
90th Percentile £725 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +22.22% - -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 0
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £51.25 £36.25 -
Median hourly rate £52.50 £37.50 -
Median % change year-on-year +40.00% - -
75th Percentile £53.75 £43.13 -
90th Percentile - £45.75 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

GraphQL is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,448 17,787 14,531
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.03% 30.50% 30.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,221 12,664 10,254
10th Percentile £400 £345 £331
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £664 £594 £588
90th Percentile £750 £688 £668
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £445 £450
% change year-on-year +12.36% -1.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 232 183 134
10th Percentile £22.05 £22.81 £19.63
25th Percentile £35.00 £33.88 £31.56
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.20
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -2.60% +4.19%
75th Percentile £66.07 £57.50 £54.33
90th Percentile £76.64 £66.00 £65.86
UK excluding London median hourly rate £53.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +17.78% - +3.45%

GraphQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GraphQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GraphQL.

Daily rate trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GraphQL over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GraphQL.

Hourly rate trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GraphQL within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -64 651 £575 +9.52% 174
Work from Home +4 525 £550 +10.00% 84
London -88 452 £600 +14.29% 116
UK excluding London -45 136 £550 +22.22% 66
North of England -31 45 £550 +22.22% 22
South East -11 39 £525 +10.53% 13
North West -24 21 £550 +22.22% 12
Yorkshire -27 19 £475 +8.57% 6
Scotland -12 12 £575 +43.75% 10
South West -36 12 £575 +23.99% 9
Midlands -44 12 £403 -8.00% 5
East of England -22 11 £640 +28.00% 6
East Midlands -16 6 £403 -12.50% 2
West Midlands -45 6 £650 +52.94% 3
North East -5 5 £625 - 4
Wales -12 4 £598 +49.38% 1
Isle of Man - 1 £500 -

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing GraphQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GraphQL.

1 484 (58.74%) React
2 450 (54.61%) JavaScript
3 387 (46.97%) TypeScript
4 366 (44.42%) Node.js
5 312 (37.86%) Agile
6 262 (31.80%) AWS
7 231 (28.03%) Full Stack Development
8 211 (25.61%) REST
9 189 (22.94%) Azure
10 184 (22.33%) HTML
11 182 (22.09%) CSS
12 179 (21.72%) Microservices
13 177 (21.48%) DevOps
14 167 (20.27%) Java
15 163 (19.78%) Software Engineering
16 162 (19.66%) CI/CD
17 152 (18.45%) Docker
18 144 (17.48%) AngularJS
18 144 (17.48%) Kubernetes
19 139 (16.87%) Git (software)
20 134 (16.26%) Test Automation
21 123 (14.93%) SQL
22 121 (14.68%) Front End Development
23 118 (14.32%) Python
24 116 (14.08%) E-Commerce
25 110 (13.35%) Finance
25 110 (13.35%) Serverless
26 109 (13.23%) TDD
27 89 (10.80%) PostgreSQL
28 84 (10.19%) MongoDB

GraphQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
2 30 (3.64%) CMS
3 20 (2.43%) Headless CMS
4 16 (1.94%) Confluence
5 10 (1.21%) Apache Spark
6 9 (1.09%) Apache
6 9 (1.09%) Ethereum
7 8 (0.97%) Apache Airflow
7 8 (0.97%) Apache Solr
7 8 (0.97%) nginx
8 6 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (0.49%) WordPress
10 3 (0.36%) Anypoint
10 3 (0.36%) Liferay
10 3 (0.36%) SAS
11 2 (0.24%) IIS
11 2 (0.24%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.24%) Tornado
12 1 (0.12%) Cloud Foundry
12 1 (0.12%) IBM Notes
Applications
1 1 (0.12%) Adobe XD
1 1 (0.12%) InVision
1 1 (0.12%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 13 (1.58%) Shopify
2 6 (0.73%) Magento
3 3 (0.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 2 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.12%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 262 (31.80%) AWS
2 189 (22.94%) Azure
3 110 (13.35%) Serverless
4 81 (9.83%) AWS Lambda
5 78 (9.47%) GitHub
6 58 (7.04%) GCP
7 29 (3.52%) Amazon S3
8 23 (2.79%) SaaS
9 21 (2.55%) npm
10 19 (2.31%) Amazon SQS
11 18 (2.18%) OpenShift
12 16 (1.94%) AWS CloudFormation
13 14 (1.70%) Amazon ElastiCache
13 14 (1.70%) AWS Step Functions
13 14 (1.70%) Azure Data Factory
14 12 (1.46%) Azure Functions
15 11 (1.33%) Amazon Cognito
16 10 (1.21%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 9 (1.09%) Amazon EKS
18 7 (0.85%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.58%) HTTP
2 8 (0.97%) Network Security
3 2 (0.24%) 4G
3 2 (0.24%) Intranet
3 2 (0.24%) LTE
4 1 (0.12%) Broadband
4 1 (0.12%) FTP
4 1 (0.12%) Internet
4 1 (0.12%) IPFS
4 1 (0.12%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (10.80%) PostgreSQL
2 84 (10.19%) MongoDB
3 58 (7.04%) NoSQL
4 47 (5.70%) Relational Database
5 44 (5.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 39 (4.73%) MySQL
7 27 (3.28%) Amazon RDS
8 21 (2.55%) SQL Server
9 20 (2.43%) Redis
10 13 (1.58%) RDBMS
11 12 (1.46%) Amazon Aurora
12 11 (1.33%) Big Data
12 11 (1.33%) Couchbase
13 9 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
14 8 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
14 8 (0.97%) Neo4j
14 8 (0.97%) Oracle Database
15 7 (0.85%) Dremio
15 7 (0.85%) Oracle Database 12c
16 5 (0.61%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 139 (16.87%) Git (software)
2 70 (8.50%) Jenkins
3 50 (6.07%) webpack
4 48 (5.83%) Cypress.io
5 39 (4.73%) JIRA
6 37 (4.49%) GitLab
7 29 (3.52%) Storybook
8 23 (2.79%) Bitbucket
9 19 (2.31%) gulp
10 17 (2.06%) CircleCI
11 15 (1.82%) Cucumber
12 13 (1.58%) ESLint
12 13 (1.58%) Mocha
13 12 (1.46%) Grunt
13 12 (1.46%) Maven
14 10 (1.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 9 (1.09%) Babel
15 9 (1.09%) JMeter
15 9 (1.09%) Selenium
15 9 (1.09%) SonarQube
General
1 110 (13.35%) Finance
2 78 (9.47%) Social Skills
3 41 (4.98%) Analytical Skills
4 32 (3.88%) Banking
4 32 (3.88%) Front Office
5 27 (3.28%) Retail
6 23 (2.79%) Marketing
7 14 (1.70%) Presentation Skills
8 12 (1.46%) Publishing
9 9 (1.09%) Telecoms
10 7 (0.85%) Organisational Skills
10 7 (0.85%) Public Sector
11 6 (0.73%) Games
12 5 (0.61%) Advertising
12 5 (0.61%) Aviation
12 5 (0.61%) Legal
13 4 (0.49%) Back Office
13 4 (0.49%) French Language
13 4 (0.49%) Music Industry
14 3 (0.36%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 549 (66.63%) Developer
2 156 (18.93%) React Developer
3 125 (15.17%) Full Stack Developer
4 98 (11.89%) Software Engineer
5 78 (9.47%) JavaScript Developer
6 74 (8.98%) Node.js Developer
7 72 (8.74%) Java Developer
8 65 (7.89%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 50 (6.07%) Senior Developer
10 48 (5.83%) AWS Developer
11 43 (5.22%) AWS Engineer
12 41 (4.98%) Angular Developer
13 35 (4.25%) AWS Software Engineer
14 31 (3.76%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 29 (3.52%) Java Engineer
16 28 (3.40%) Lead Developer
17 27 (3.28%) Python Developer
18 26 (3.16%) Architect
19 24 (2.91%) Backend Developer
20 23 (2.79%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 484 (58.74%) React
2 366 (44.42%) Node.js
3 211 (25.61%) REST
4 184 (22.33%) HTML
5 182 (22.09%) CSS
6 144 (17.48%) AngularJS
7 82 (9.95%) RESTful
8 81 (9.83%) Kafka
9 67 (8.13%) Redux
10 61 (7.40%) Vue.js
11 60 (7.28%) HTML5
11 60 (7.28%) Next.js
12 59 (7.16%) jQuery
13 56 (6.80%) Spring
14 54 (6.55%) JSON
15 51 (6.19%) .NET
16 48 (5.83%) React Native
17 41 (4.98%) Web Services
18 40 (4.85%) Apollo GraphQL
18 40 (4.85%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 75 (9.10%) User Experience
2 41 (4.98%) Mobile App
3 38 (4.61%) Greenfield Project
4 29 (3.52%) Hedge funds
5 27 (3.28%) Blockchain
6 24 (2.91%) Cloud Native
7 22 (2.67%) iPad
8 15 (1.82%) Web3
9 13 (1.58%) Algorithms
10 12 (1.46%) Renewable Energy
11 11 (1.33%) Virtual Team
12 10 (1.21%) Reference Data
13 9 (1.09%) Fixed Income
14 8 (0.97%) Data Structures
15 7 (0.85%) Derivative
15 7 (0.85%) Equities
15 7 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 7 (0.85%) W3C
16 6 (0.73%) Data Protection Act
16 6 (0.73%) NFT
Operating Systems
1 26 (3.16%) Android
2 24 (2.91%) Apple iOS
2 24 (2.91%) Linux
3 9 (1.09%) Windows
4 4 (0.49%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 312 (37.86%) Agile
2 231 (28.03%) Full Stack Development
3 179 (21.72%) Microservices
4 177 (21.48%) DevOps
5 163 (19.78%) Software Engineering
6 162 (19.66%) CI/CD
7 134 (16.26%) Test Automation
8 121 (14.68%) Front End Development
9 116 (14.08%) E-Commerce
10 109 (13.23%) TDD
11 64 (7.77%) BDD
12 57 (6.92%) Scrum
13 53 (6.43%) Problem-Solving
14 46 (5.58%) Open Source
15 43 (5.22%) Software Testing
15 43 (5.22%) User Stories
16 38 (4.61%) SDLC
16 38 (4.61%) Web Application Development
17 37 (4.49%) Continuous Delivery
18 34 (4.13%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 450 (54.61%) JavaScript
2 387 (46.97%) TypeScript
3 167 (20.27%) Java
4 123 (14.93%) SQL
5 118 (14.32%) Python
6 54 (6.55%) C#
7 41 (4.98%) Go
8 27 (3.28%) ES6
9 22 (2.67%) PHP
9 22 (2.67%) Ruby
10 20 (2.43%) Scala
11 13 (1.58%) Solidity
12 12 (1.46%) PowerShell
13 11 (1.33%) Rust
14 10 (1.21%) Kotlin
15 6 (0.73%) Apple Swift
15 6 (0.73%) Clojure
16 5 (0.61%) PL/SQL
17 4 (0.49%) Ada
17 4 (0.49%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 70 (8.50%) Security Cleared
2 69 (8.37%) SC Cleared
3 25 (3.03%) Degree
4 10 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
4 10 (1.21%) DV Cleared
5 8 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (0.36%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.24%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.24%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.12%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.12%) CISSP
8 1 (0.12%) CompTIA Security+
8 1 (0.12%) CSSLP
8 1 (0.12%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (8.25%) QA
2 28 (3.40%) Accessibility
3 12 (1.46%) WCAG
4 9 (1.09%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.49%) DICOM
5 4 (0.49%) HL7
6 3 (0.36%) SLA
System Software
1 152 (18.45%) Docker
2 3 (0.36%) Hyper-V
2 3 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
2 3 (0.36%) VirtualBox
2 3 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (0.24%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 144 (17.48%) Kubernetes
2 67 (8.13%) Terraform
3 11 (1.33%) Grafana
4 10 (1.21%) Prometheus
5 6 (0.73%) Kibana
6 3 (0.36%) Ansible
6 3 (0.36%) Marathon
6 3 (0.36%) Mesos
7 2 (0.24%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.12%) CA Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.12%) Consul
8 1 (0.12%) Nessus
8 1 (0.12%) Packer
8 1 (0.12%) Puppet
Vendors
1 37 (4.49%) Oracle
2 31 (3.76%) Google
3 20 (2.43%) Microsoft
4 9 (1.09%) Cadence
5 8 (0.97%) Adobe
5 8 (0.97%) Red Hat
6 6 (0.73%) Atlassian
6 6 (0.73%) ForgeRock
7 5 (0.61%) IBM
7 5 (0.61%) Mapbox
8 4 (0.49%) Perfecto Mobile
8 4 (0.49%) Salesforce.com
9 3 (0.36%) MuleSoft
9 3 (0.36%) Okta
9 3 (0.36%) SAP
9 3 (0.36%) Sparx
9 3 (0.36%) Spotify
9 3 (0.36%) VMware
10 2 (0.24%) Databricks
10 2 (0.24%) HP