Period
to 4 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GraphQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GraphQL over the 6 months to 4 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GraphQL
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 274 306 368
Rank change year-on-year +32 +62 +170
Contract jobs citing GraphQL 869 300 541
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.98% 0.80% 0.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.32% 2.60% 2.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 682 198 408
10th Percentile £421 £313 £404
25th Percentile £475 £381 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £475 £525
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% -9.52% -
75th Percentile £625 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £641 £648
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £454 £450
% change year-on-year +10.19% +0.83% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 0
Median hourly rate £55.00 £46.93 -
Median % change year-on-year +17.21% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 - -

GraphQL is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 26,196 11,517 25,047
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.50% 30.68% 30.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,003 8,193 17,566
10th Percentile £375 £313 £333
25th Percentile £444 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £495
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% - +4.21%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £669 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £431 £445
% change year-on-year +10.21% -3.15% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 269 117 248
10th Percentile £20.00 £25.00 £18.38
25th Percentile £35.00 £33.00 £28.61
Median hourly rate £49.00 £44.00 £44.26
Median % change year-on-year +11.36% -0.59% +6.61%
75th Percentile £63.25 £55.00 £53.00
90th Percentile £76.05 £62.52 £78.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +8.89% +5.88% +2.24%

GraphQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GraphQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GraphQL.

Daily rate trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GraphQL over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GraphQL.

Hourly rate trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GraphQL over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GraphQL within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 696 £550 +15.79% 257
London -26 495 £575 +21.05% 158
Work from Home -3 290 £550 +22.22% 58
UK excluding London -49 161 £500 +10.19% 112
North of England -36 59 £475 +5.56% 32
South East -58 37 £513 -9.29% 24
North West -17 34 £475 +13.43% 15
South West -42 29 £489 +6.25% 10
Yorkshire -32 22 £475 +5.56% 9
Scotland -53 11 £500 +53.85% 14
Midlands -73 10 £450 -7.69% 20
West Midlands - 10 £450 - 15
East of England -46 9 £550 +44.26% 10
Wales - 5 £588 - 2
North East -12 3 £500 -11.19% 8
Isle of Man - 1 £500 -

For the 6 months to 4 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GraphQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GraphQL.

1 469 (53.97%) React
2 447 (51.44%) JavaScript
3 382 (43.96%) Node.js
4 307 (35.33%) TypeScript
5 297 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
6 283 (32.57%) AWS
7 274 (31.53%) Full Stack Development
8 261 (30.03%) Microservices
9 236 (27.16%) Docker
10 215 (24.74%) Kubernetes
11 214 (24.63%) Java
12 190 (21.86%) REST
13 186 (21.40%) CSS
14 175 (20.14%) DevOps
15 162 (18.64%) Software Engineering
16 159 (18.30%) Azure
17 155 (17.84%) Serverless
18 138 (15.88%) TDD
19 136 (15.65%) HTML
20 134 (15.42%) E-Commerce
21 130 (14.96%) Python
22 120 (13.81%) Finance
23 112 (12.89%) SQL
23 112 (12.89%) Test Automation
24 111 (12.77%) Social Skills
25 109 (12.54%) Git (software)
26 106 (12.20%) Redux
27 105 (12.08%) AWS Lambda
28 101 (11.62%) RESTful
29 92 (10.59%) GCP

GraphQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (4.14%) Elasticsearch
2 24 (2.76%) Confluence
3 23 (2.65%) CMS
4 17 (1.96%) Apache Spark
5 14 (1.61%) Apache
6 13 (1.50%) Headless CMS
7 12 (1.38%) WordPress
8 11 (1.27%) Liferay
9 10 (1.15%) nginx
10 7 (0.81%) Oracle Application Server
11 6 (0.69%) Apache Airflow
12 4 (0.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.46%) OpenStack
13 3 (0.35%) Drupal
13 3 (0.35%) Tornado
14 2 (0.23%) IIS
14 2 (0.23%) Jupyter
14 2 (0.23%) WebSphere
15 1 (0.12%) Camunda
15 1 (0.12%) Umbraco
Applications
1 4 (0.46%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.23%) Figma
3 1 (0.12%) InDesign
3 1 (0.12%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (1.04%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.35%) Oracle CRM
2 3 (0.35%) Shopify
3 2 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
4 1 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 283 (32.57%) AWS
2 159 (18.30%) Azure
3 155 (17.84%) Serverless
4 105 (12.08%) AWS Lambda
5 92 (10.59%) GCP
6 56 (6.44%) SaaS
7 51 (5.87%) GitHub
8 37 (4.26%) Amazon S3
9 32 (3.68%) Amazon SQS
10 28 (3.22%) npm
11 25 (2.88%) OpenShift
12 22 (2.53%) Amazon ECS
12 22 (2.53%) Route 53
13 18 (2.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 18 (2.07%) Amazon EC2
13 18 (2.07%) Amazon EKS
13 18 (2.07%) Yarn
14 17 (1.96%) AWS Step Functions
15 16 (1.84%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 15 (1.73%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.42%) HTTP
2 9 (1.04%) AMQP
3 8 (0.92%) Network Security
4 5 (0.58%) Internet
5 4 (0.46%) MQTT
6 3 (0.35%) Firewall
6 3 (0.35%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.23%) DNS
7 2 (0.23%) VoIP
8 1 (0.12%) 2G
8 1 (0.12%) 3G
8 1 (0.12%) 4G
8 1 (0.12%) DHCP
8 1 (0.12%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.12%) Intranet
8 1 (0.12%) IPv4
8 1 (0.12%) IPv6
8 1 (0.12%) SMTP
8 1 (0.12%) SNMP
8 1 (0.12%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (10.24%) PostgreSQL
2 80 (9.21%) MongoDB
3 50 (5.75%) NoSQL
4 40 (4.60%) Redis
5 33 (3.80%) MySQL
6 28 (3.22%) Relational Database
7 21 (2.42%) SQL Server
8 20 (2.30%) Amazon RDS
9 18 (2.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 14 (1.61%) Power BI
11 13 (1.50%) Azure SQL Database
11 13 (1.50%) Neo4j
12 10 (1.15%) Blockchain
13 9 (1.04%) RDBMS
14 8 (0.92%) Big Data
14 8 (0.92%) Data Warehouse
15 7 (0.81%) Amazon Aurora
15 7 (0.81%) Cloud Spanner
16 6 (0.69%) Couchbase
17 5 (0.58%) Presto
Development Applications
1 109 (12.54%) Git (software)
2 89 (10.24%) Jenkins
3 80 (9.21%) Cypress.io
4 68 (7.83%) webpack
5 55 (6.33%) JIRA
6 41 (4.72%) Mocha
7 29 (3.34%) Cucumber
8 28 (3.22%) Mockito
9 25 (2.88%) JUnit
10 24 (2.76%) Gatling
11 20 (2.30%) JMeter
11 20 (2.30%) Maven
12 19 (2.19%) GitLab
12 19 (2.19%) SonarQube
13 18 (2.07%) Bitbucket
13 18 (2.07%) REST Assured
13 18 (2.07%) Spock
14 16 (1.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 16 (1.84%) Sonatype Nexus
14 16 (1.84%) Travis CI
General
1 120 (13.81%) Finance
2 111 (12.77%) Social Skills
3 57 (6.56%) Retail
4 39 (4.49%) Analytical Skills
5 33 (3.80%) Banking
6 31 (3.57%) Marketing
7 28 (3.22%) Front Office
8 20 (2.30%) Games
8 20 (2.30%) Presentation Skills
9 12 (1.38%) Publishing
10 11 (1.27%) Public Sector
11 9 (1.04%) Telecoms
12 6 (0.69%) Manufacturing
12 6 (0.69%) Organisational Skills
13 5 (0.58%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.35%) Electronics
14 3 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.23%) Automotive
15 2 (0.23%) Documentation Skills
16 1 (0.12%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 551 (63.41%) Developer
2 206 (23.71%) React Developer
3 116 (13.35%) Full Stack Developer
4 90 (10.36%) JavaScript Developer
5 77 (8.86%) Java Developer
6 74 (8.52%) Node.js Developer
7 70 (8.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 67 (7.71%) Architect
8 67 (7.71%) Software Engineer
9 46 (5.29%) Senior Developer
10 37 (4.26%) Lead Developer
10 37 (4.26%) Python Developer
11 35 (4.03%) AWS Developer
12 34 (3.91%) AWS Engineer
13 33 (3.80%) Solutions Architect
14 30 (3.45%) JavaScript Engineer
15 23 (2.65%) Front Office Developer
15 23 (2.65%) Senior Software Engineer
16 22 (2.53%) Python Engineer
16 22 (2.53%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 469 (53.97%) React
2 382 (43.96%) Node.js
3 190 (21.86%) REST
4 186 (21.40%) CSS
5 136 (15.65%) HTML
6 106 (12.20%) Redux
7 101 (11.62%) RESTful
8 83 (9.55%) Kafka
9 69 (7.94%) Spring
10 63 (7.25%) Apollo GraphQL
10 63 (7.25%) Jest
11 58 (6.67%) AngularJS
12 57 (6.56%) Spring Boot
13 53 (6.10%) gRPC
14 50 (5.75%) Next.js
14 50 (5.75%) Vue.js
15 44 (5.06%) Express
15 44 (5.06%) HTML5
16 42 (4.83%) .NET
17 37 (4.26%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 67 (7.71%) Mobile App
2 62 (7.13%) User Experience
3 56 (6.44%) Greenfield Project
4 24 (2.76%) Data Protection Act
4 24 (2.76%) Derivative
5 23 (2.65%) Credit Risk
5 23 (2.65%) Equities
5 23 (2.65%) Fixed Income
5 23 (2.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 23 (2.65%) Hedge funds
6 21 (2.42%) Data Structures
7 19 (2.19%) Algorithms
8 17 (1.96%) Cloud Native
9 16 (1.84%) Virtual Team
10 14 (1.61%) iPad
11 13 (1.50%) Blog
12 9 (1.04%) Mainframe
12 9 (1.04%) Reference Data
13 8 (0.92%) Renewable Energy
13 8 (0.92%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 31 (3.57%) Apple iOS
2 17 (1.96%) Android
3 13 (1.50%) Linux
4 11 (1.27%) Unix
5 4 (0.46%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 297 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
2 274 (31.53%) Full Stack Development
3 261 (30.03%) Microservices
4 175 (20.14%) DevOps
5 162 (18.64%) Software Engineering
6 138 (15.88%) TDD
7 134 (15.42%) E-Commerce
8 112 (12.89%) Test Automation
9 87 (10.01%) Front End Development
10 74 (8.52%) Problem-Solving
11 69 (7.94%) BDD
12 54 (6.21%) Continuous Delivery
12 54 (6.21%) Open Source
13 51 (5.87%) Unit Testing
14 50 (5.75%) Analytics
14 50 (5.75%) Continuous Integration
15 46 (5.29%) API Design
16 45 (5.18%) Scrum
17 41 (4.72%) Continuous Improvement
17 41 (4.72%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 447 (51.44%) JavaScript
2 307 (35.33%) TypeScript
3 214 (24.63%) Java
4 130 (14.96%) Python
5 112 (12.89%) SQL
6 69 (7.94%) C#
7 53 (6.10%) Kotlin
8 38 (4.37%) ES6
8 38 (4.37%) Scala
9 30 (3.45%) Java 11
10 26 (2.99%) C++
10 26 (2.99%) Go
11 24 (2.76%) Java 8
12 21 (2.42%) Apple Swift
13 18 (2.07%) PowerShell
14 12 (1.38%) Rust
15 8 (0.92%) PHP
16 5 (0.58%) Bash Shell
17 4 (0.46%) Ruby
18 3 (0.35%) R
Qualifications
1 24 (2.76%) Degree
2 14 (1.61%) SC Cleared
2 14 (1.61%) Security Cleared
3 11 (1.27%) AWS Certification
4 8 (0.92%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (0.46%) DV Cleared
5 4 (0.46%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (5.87%) QA
2 40 (4.60%) Accessibility
3 18 (2.07%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.46%) GDPR
5 3 (0.35%) NCSC
5 3 (0.35%) WCAG
6 1 (0.12%) PSD2
System Software
1 236 (27.16%) Docker
2 7 (0.81%) OpenAM
3 4 (0.46%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 215 (24.74%) Kubernetes
2 82 (9.44%) Terraform
3 11 (1.27%) Graphite
4 7 (0.81%) Packer
5 4 (0.46%) Grafana
5 4 (0.46%) Prometheus
6 3 (0.35%) Istio
6 3 (0.35%) Kubeflow
7 2 (0.23%) Ansible
7 2 (0.23%) Consul
7 2 (0.23%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.12%) Graylog
8 1 (0.12%) IBM Cloud Orchestrator
8 1 (0.12%) Kibana
8 1 (0.12%) Marathon
8 1 (0.12%) Mesos
8 1 (0.12%) ZABBIX
8 1 (0.12%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 39 (4.49%) Oracle
2 37 (4.26%) Google
3 32 (3.68%) Microsoft
4 22 (2.53%) Splunk
5 19 (2.19%) IBM
6 16 (1.84%) Red Hat
6 16 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
7 15 (1.73%) Perfecto Mobile
8 13 (1.50%) CA
9 10 (1.15%) MuleSoft
10 7 (0.81%) Atlassian
10 7 (0.81%) New Relic
11 6 (0.69%) Adobe
12 5 (0.58%) SAP
13 3 (0.35%) Dynatrace
13 3 (0.35%) Netlify
13 3 (0.35%) YouTube
14 2 (0.23%) Okta
14 2 (0.23%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 2 (0.23%) Spotify