Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 91 78 76
Rank change year-on-year -13 -2 -2
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2485 2935 2804
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.62% 3.00% 2.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.11% 9.77% 9.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 1896 2126 2205
England median daily rate £425 £413 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £289 £294 £263
90th Percentile £575 £575 £538
UK median daily rate £425 £413 £375
% change year-on-year +3.03% +10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 14 26
England median hourly rate £37.97 £46.00 £22.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.46% +108.55% -19.79%
10th Percentile £12.10 £25.76 £12.63
90th Percentile £47.50 £50.00 £38.13
UK median hourly rate £37.97 £46.00 £22.06
% change year-on-year -17.46% +108.55% -19.79%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30652 30033 30024
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.32% 30.71% 28.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 21811 20965 20810
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 368 347 505
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +10.29%
10th Percentile £18.68 £14.56 £14.53
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.37
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -33 1396 £475 +11.76% 194
North of England +20 336 £375 -3.23% 94
South East -18 326 £375 - 67
Midlands +47 262 £338 -5.26% 62
North West +45 177 £375 - 42
Yorkshire -6 138 £380 -10.59% 45
East Midlands +23 135 £340 -9.33% 30
West Midlands +44 125 £338 -3.57% 31
East of England +8 86 £375 +7.14% 41
South West -32 78 £350 - 33
North East +34 19 £450 +2.86% 7
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2485 (100.00%) CSS
2 2413 (97.10%) HTML
3 2317 (93.24%) HTML5
4 2104 (84.67%) JavaScript
5 1143 (46.00%) Agile Software Development
6 1052 (42.33%) AngularJS
7 987 (39.72%) Front End Development
8 802 (32.27%) jQuery
9 746 (30.02%) React
10 739 (29.74%) Git (software)
11 714 (28.73%) TDD
12 708 (28.49%) Node.js
13 630 (25.35%) Sass
14 513 (20.64%) User Experience
15 446 (17.95%) Java
16 438 (17.63%) Web Development
17 430 (17.30%) Scrum
18 427 (17.18%) MVC
19 409 (16.46%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 387 (15.57%) .NET
21 365 (14.69%) Responsive Web Design
22 358 (14.41%) Web Services
23 352 (14.16%) JSON
24 346 (13.92%) OO
25 344 (13.84%) Finance
26 341 (13.72%) REST
27 339 (13.64%) C#
28 333 (13.40%) RESTful
29 312 (12.56%) BDD
30 304 (12.23%) Continuous Integration

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 169 (6.80%) CMS
2 137 (5.51%) Confluence
3 80 (3.22%) WordPress
4 63 (2.54%) Drupal
5 56 (2.25%) Apache
6 38 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
7 35 (1.41%) Umbraco
8 33 (1.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 33 (1.33%) nginx
9 28 (1.13%) JBoss
10 26 (1.05%) WebSphere
11 22 (0.89%) IIS
11 22 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
12 21 (0.85%) EPiServer
12 21 (0.85%) Tomcat
13 20 (0.80%) Apache Solr
14 19 (0.76%) SharePoint
15 12 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 10 (0.40%) uWSGI
17 9 (0.36%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 148 (5.96%) Photoshop
2 85 (3.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 42 (1.69%) Adobe Illustrator
4 20 (0.80%) OmniGraffle
5 19 (0.76%) InVision
6 18 (0.72%) MS Visio
7 12 (0.48%) GIMP
8 11 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
9 10 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
9 10 (0.40%) UXPin
10 8 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 4 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
11 4 (0.16%) Fireworks
11 4 (0.16%) InDesign
11 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
12 2 (0.080%) HipChat
13 1 (0.040%) Adobe After Effects
13 1 (0.040%) Chatbot
13 1 (0.040%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 52 (2.09%) Magento
2 6 (0.24%) SDL Web 8
3 5 (0.20%) WebTrends
4 4 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
4 4 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.16%) Shopify
5 3 (0.12%) Eloqua
5 3 (0.12%) Unica
6 2 (0.080%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.040%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.040%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.040%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 145 (5.84%) Amazon AWS
2 132 (5.31%) npm
3 120 (4.83%) Microsoft Azure
4 67 (2.70%) GitHub
5 58 (2.33%) SaaS
6 33 (1.33%) Serverless
7 18 (0.72%) Google Analytics
8 13 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
8 13 (0.52%) Firebase
8 13 (0.52%) Trello
9 12 (0.48%) Amazon S3
9 12 (0.48%) Office 365
10 10 (0.40%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (0.40%) PaaS
11 7 (0.28%) Adobe Analytics
11 7 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 7 (0.28%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (0.28%) Bluemix
11 7 (0.28%) IBM Cloud
12 6 (0.24%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 69 (2.78%) HTTP
2 40 (1.61%) Internet
3 16 (0.64%) Intranet
3 16 (0.64%) SMS
4 8 (0.32%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.24%) ATM
6 4 (0.16%) DNS
6 4 (0.16%) Skype
6 4 (0.16%) SSL
7 3 (0.12%) SMTP
7 3 (0.12%) SSH
8 2 (0.080%) AMQP
8 2 (0.080%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.080%) Kerberos
8 2 (0.080%) Network Security
8 2 (0.080%) NFC
8 2 (0.080%) Unified Communications
8 2 (0.080%) VPLS
9 1 (0.040%) FTP
9 1 (0.040%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 200 (8.05%) MySQL
1 200 (8.05%) SQL Server
2 113 (4.55%) MongoDB
3 92 (3.70%) NoSQL
4 86 (3.46%) Relational Database
5 73 (2.94%) PostgreSQL
6 49 (1.97%) Big Data
7 32 (1.29%) Apache Cassandra
8 29 (1.17%) Hadoop
9 24 (0.97%) Redis
10 22 (0.89%) HBase
11 18 (0.72%) SQL Server 2012
12 17 (0.68%) SQL Server 2014
13 16 (0.64%) Oracle Database
13 16 (0.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 14 (0.56%) RDBMS
15 13 (0.52%) SQL Server 2008
16 12 (0.48%) SQL Server 2005
17 9 (0.36%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 7 (0.28%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 739 (29.74%) Git (software)
2 298 (11.99%) gulp
3 262 (10.54%) Grunt
4 243 (9.78%) Jenkins
5 226 (9.09%) JIRA
6 198 (7.97%) Jasmine
7 171 (6.88%) webpack
8 160 (6.44%) Subversion
9 133 (5.35%) Karma Test Runner
10 111 (4.47%) Selenium
11 86 (3.46%) Mocha
12 80 (3.22%) Cucumber
13 75 (3.02%) Visual Studio
14 71 (2.86%) JUnit
15 63 (2.54%) Maven
16 58 (2.33%) Bower
17 52 (2.09%) Bitbucket
18 50 (2.01%) Axure RP
19 46 (1.85%) Babel
20 45 (1.81%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 344 (13.84%) Finance
2 142 (5.71%) Banking
3 128 (5.15%) Marketing
4 125 (5.03%) Retail
5 62 (2.49%) Telecoms
6 42 (1.69%) Games
7 33 (1.33%) Publishing
8 26 (1.05%) Investment Banking
9 24 (0.97%) Advertising
10 16 (0.64%) Front Office
10 16 (0.64%) Retail Banking
11 12 (0.48%) Automotive
12 11 (0.44%) Manufacturing
13 10 (0.40%) Electronics
13 10 (0.40%) Financial Institution
14 9 (0.36%) Law
15 7 (0.28%) Legal
16 6 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.20%) Back Office
17 5 (0.20%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 2188 (88.05%) Developer
2 856 (34.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 562 (22.62%) JavaScript Developer
4 276 (11.11%) Angular Developer
5 256 (10.30%) HTML Developer
6 222 (8.93%) Senior Developer
7 209 (8.41%) UI Developer
8 205 (8.25%) HTML CSS Developer
9 167 (6.72%) Java Developer
10 147 (5.92%) .NET Developer
10 147 (5.92%) Full Stack Developer
11 134 (5.39%) Node.js Developer
12 113 (4.55%) Web Developer
13 91 (3.66%) Designer
14 90 (3.62%) PHP Developer
15 87 (3.50%) C# Developer
16 82 (3.30%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 65 (2.62%) Architect
18 61 (2.45%) Agile Developer
19 59 (2.37%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2485 (100.00%) CSS
2 2413 (97.10%) HTML
3 2317 (93.24%) HTML5
4 1052 (42.33%) AngularJS
5 802 (32.27%) jQuery
6 746 (30.02%) React
7 708 (28.49%) Node.js
8 630 (25.35%) Sass
9 409 (16.46%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 387 (15.57%) .NET
11 358 (14.41%) Web Services
12 352 (14.16%) JSON
13 341 (13.72%) REST
14 333 (13.40%) RESTful
15 276 (11.11%) Ajax
16 273 (10.99%) LESS
17 269 (10.82%) Redux
18 227 (9.13%) ASP.NET
19 214 (8.61%) Spring
20 212 (8.53%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 513 (20.64%) User Experience
2 153 (6.16%) Greenfield Project
3 122 (4.91%) Mobile App
4 97 (3.90%) Analytical Skills
5 59 (2.37%) Fintech
6 51 (2.05%) Computer Science
7 43 (1.73%) W3C
8 31 (1.25%) Digital Media
9 24 (0.97%) Video\Live Streaming
10 23 (0.93%) Social Media
11 20 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 20 (0.80%) Video on Demand
12 18 (0.72%) Data Structures
12 18 (0.72%) Virtual Team
13 15 (0.60%) Animation
13 15 (0.60%) Linux Command Line
13 15 (0.60%) Management Information System
14 13 (0.52%) Client/Server
15 12 (0.48%) Enterprise Software
15 12 (0.48%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 167 (6.72%) Linux
2 63 (2.54%) Android
3 56 (2.25%) Apple iOS
4 39 (1.57%) Unix
4 39 (1.57%) Windows
5 10 (0.40%) Windows Server
6 6 (0.24%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.20%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.12%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.080%) Debian
10 1 (0.040%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.040%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.040%) SUSE
10 1 (0.040%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.040%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1143 (46.00%) Agile Software Development
2 987 (39.72%) Front End Development
3 714 (28.73%) TDD
4 438 (17.63%) Web Development
5 430 (17.30%) Scrum
6 427 (17.18%) MVC
7 365 (14.69%) Responsive Web Design
8 346 (13.92%) OO
9 312 (12.56%) BDD
10 304 (12.23%) Continuous Integration
11 266 (10.70%) Test Automation
12 197 (7.93%) Unit Testing
13 176 (7.08%) E-Commerce
14 168 (6.76%) Open Source
15 155 (6.24%) Web Design
16 138 (5.55%) Wireframes
17 133 (5.35%) Microservices
18 128 (5.15%) Kanban
19 110 (4.43%) Continuous Delivery
20 108 (4.35%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 2104 (84.67%) JavaScript
2 446 (17.95%) Java
3 339 (13.64%) C#
4 296 (11.91%) ES6
5 237 (9.54%) PHP
6 200 (8.05%) SQL
7 140 (5.63%) TypeScript
8 131 (5.27%) Scala
9 128 (5.15%) Ruby
10 125 (5.03%) Python
11 52 (2.09%) ECMAScript
12 40 (1.61%) T-SQL
13 34 (1.37%) C
14 28 (1.13%) C++
15 25 (1.01%) Groovy
16 20 (0.80%) Bash Shell
17 19 (0.76%) PL/SQL
18 18 (0.72%) Objective-C
18 18 (0.72%) Shell Script
19 17 (0.68%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 93 (3.74%) Degree
2 68 (2.74%) Security Cleared
3 54 (2.17%) SC Cleared
4 20 (0.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (0.20%) DBS Check
6 4 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.080%) CISA
7 2 (0.080%) CISM
7 2 (0.080%) CISSP
7 2 (0.080%) HND
7 2 (0.080%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.080%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.080%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.040%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.040%) ISEB
8 1 (0.040%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (1.61%) QA
2 28 (1.13%) WCAG
3 5 (0.20%) WAI
4 3 (0.12%) COBIT
4 3 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.080%) FedRAMP
5 2 (0.080%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.080%) RosettaNet
6 1 (0.040%) SLA
System Software
1 158 (6.36%) Docker
2 8 (0.32%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.24%) LXC
4 3 (0.12%) UAG
5 2 (0.080%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.080%) HDFS
5 2 (0.080%) Varnish
6 1 (0.040%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.040%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.040%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.040%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 33 (1.33%) Puppet
2 30 (1.21%) Kubernetes
3 23 (0.93%) Ansible
4 21 (0.85%) Terraform
5 13 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.24%) Kibana
6 6 (0.24%) Rancher
7 3 (0.12%) cPanel
7 3 (0.12%) Nagios
7 3 (0.12%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 2 (0.080%) logstash
9 1 (0.040%) Salt
9 1 (0.040%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 171 (6.88%) Adobe
2 97 (3.90%) Google
3 90 (3.62%) Microsoft
4 81 (3.26%) Oracle
5 27 (1.09%) Sitecore
6 22 (0.89%) IBM
7 17 (0.68%) Capita
7 17 (0.68%) Zend
8 14 (0.56%) Atlassian
8 14 (0.56%) SAP
9 13 (0.52%) Salesforce.com
10 12 (0.48%) Perforce
11 10 (0.40%) Cisco
11 10 (0.40%) Twitter
11 10 (0.40%) VMware
12 8 (0.32%) Apple
12 8 (0.32%) MuleSoft
13 7 (0.28%) ATG
13 7 (0.28%) ClickTale
13 7 (0.28%) Demandware