Period
to 24 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 24 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 95 81 75
Rank change year-on-year -14 -6 +6
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,370 2,384 2,720
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.57% 2.86% 2.80%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.74% 8.88% 9.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,740 1,637 2,062
England median daily rate £425 £408 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.29% +1.88% +6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £287 £263
90th Percentile £575 £538 £556
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 14 12
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £29.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +36.75% +6.62%
10th Percentile £13.75 £16.00 £9.00
90th Percentile £47.50 £46.38 £35.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% +42.86% +2.30%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30,625 26,861 28,082
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.25% 32.17% 28.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,767 18,626 19,813
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £289
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 326 329 407
England median hourly rate £42.27 £40.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.36% +5.19% +10.00%
10th Percentile £17.38 £18.40 £13.50
90th Percentile £60.63 £54.08 £57.00
UK median hourly rate £42.27 £40.00 £38.00
% change year-on-year +5.66% +5.26% +8.57%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -11 1,222 £475 +5.56% 365
South East -18 406 £410 +10.81% 199
North of England -7 345 £388 +3.33% 182
Midlands -15 231 £363 +3.57% 116
North West +12 201 £400 +14.29% 106
Yorkshire -15 135 £363 -7.94% 59
West Midlands +12 123 £345 -8.00% 67
East Midlands -6 108 £375 +11.11% 48
South West -11 92 £400 +6.67% 71
East of England -21 64 £385 +16.67% 67
North East -41 11 £375 -7.06% 17
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,370 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,293 (96.75%) HTML
3 2,191 (92.45%) HTML5
4 2,029 (85.61%) JavaScript
5 1,091 (46.03%) Agile Software Development
6 1,009 (42.57%) AngularJS
7 964 (40.68%) Front End Development
8 843 (35.57%) React
9 704 (29.70%) Git (software)
10 695 (29.32%) Node.js
11 689 (29.07%) jQuery
12 655 (27.64%) TDD
13 606 (25.57%) Sass
14 463 (19.54%) User Experience
15 435 (18.35%) Web Development
16 412 (17.38%) MVC
17 403 (17.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 376 (15.86%) Redux
19 371 (15.65%) .NET
20 369 (15.57%) Scrum
21 357 (15.06%) RESTful
22 350 (14.77%) C#
23 349 (14.73%) ES6
24 343 (14.47%) Java
25 323 (13.63%) BDD
26 306 (12.91%) Unit Testing
27 305 (12.87%) REST
28 300 (12.66%) Web Services
29 299 (12.62%) Test Automation
30 295 (12.45%) LESS

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (5.99%) CMS
2 102 (4.30%) Confluence
3 63 (2.66%) WordPress
4 62 (2.62%) Drupal
5 39 (1.65%) Umbraco
6 36 (1.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 33 (1.39%) Apache
8 30 (1.27%) WebSphere
9 25 (1.05%) EPiServer
10 24 (1.01%) Sitecore CMS
11 20 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
12 17 (0.72%) nginx
12 17 (0.72%) SharePoint
13 15 (0.63%) Tomcat
14 12 (0.51%) IIS
14 12 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 11 (0.46%) Joomla!
15 11 (0.46%) Kentico
16 10 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
16 10 (0.42%) Mongoose
Applications
1 116 (4.89%) Photoshop
2 48 (2.03%) Adobe Illustrator
3 43 (1.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 36 (1.52%) InVision
5 25 (1.05%) OmniGraffle
6 21 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
7 19 (0.80%) GIMP
8 12 (0.51%) UXPin
9 9 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
10 6 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
10 6 (0.25%) MS Visio
11 4 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 2 (0.084%) InDesign
13 1 (0.042%) Adobe After Effects
13 1 (0.042%) Adobe Premiere
13 1 (0.042%) Fireworks
13 1 (0.042%) Lectora
Business Applications
1 25 (1.05%) Magento
2 8 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.17%) Shopify
5 3 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.084%) WebTrends
7 1 (0.042%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.042%) LatentZero
7 1 (0.042%) Minerva
7 1 (0.042%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.042%) R3 Corda
7 1 (0.042%) SDL Web 8
7 1 (0.042%) Tesseract
7 1 (0.042%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 187 (7.89%) Amazon AWS
2 130 (5.49%) npm
3 123 (5.19%) Microsoft Azure
4 64 (2.70%) Serverless
5 54 (2.28%) GitHub
6 30 (1.27%) OpenShift
7 27 (1.14%) Google Analytics
8 22 (0.93%) SaaS
9 18 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
10 14 (0.59%) Dynamics 365
11 13 (0.55%) AWS Lambda
12 12 (0.51%) Amazon S3
13 11 (0.46%) Adobe Analytics
13 11 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
14 9 (0.38%) Google Cloud Platform
14 9 (0.38%) IaaS
14 9 (0.38%) Office 365
15 8 (0.34%) Basecamp
15 8 (0.34%) Yarn
16 7 (0.30%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 68 (2.87%) HTTP
2 30 (1.27%) Internet
3 20 (0.84%) SMS
4 6 (0.25%) SSL
5 5 (0.21%) SMTP
5 5 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
6 3 (0.13%) AMQP
6 3 (0.13%) DSL
6 3 (0.13%) FTP
6 3 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
7 2 (0.084%) Intranet
8 1 (0.042%) DNS
8 1 (0.042%) Skype
8 1 (0.042%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 201 (8.48%) MySQL
2 189 (7.97%) SQL Server
3 77 (3.25%) MongoDB
3 77 (3.25%) NoSQL
4 73 (3.08%) Relational Database
5 52 (2.19%) PostgreSQL
6 30 (1.27%) SQL Server 2012
7 27 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 25 (1.05%) Apache Cassandra
9 24 (1.01%) SQL Server 2008
10 21 (0.89%) Redis
11 18 (0.76%) Big Data
11 18 (0.76%) DB2
12 16 (0.68%) SQL Server 2014
13 14 (0.59%) Blockchain
14 13 (0.55%) RavenDB
14 13 (0.55%) RDBMS
15 12 (0.51%) Cloud Spanner
15 12 (0.51%) NewSQL
16 10 (0.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 704 (29.70%) Git (software)
2 277 (11.69%) gulp
3 267 (11.27%) webpack
4 234 (9.87%) Jenkins
5 232 (9.79%) Grunt
6 174 (7.34%) Jasmine
7 156 (6.58%) JIRA
8 140 (5.91%) Mocha
9 127 (5.36%) Selenium
10 109 (4.60%) Karma Test Runner
10 109 (4.60%) Visual Studio
11 102 (4.30%) Subversion
12 90 (3.80%) Babel
13 64 (2.70%) Sinon.JS
14 63 (2.66%) Axure RP
15 59 (2.49%) Cucumber
16 58 (2.45%) Maven
17 46 (1.94%) Gerrit
17 46 (1.94%) Protractor
17 46 (1.94%) TeamCity
General
1 249 (10.51%) Finance
2 157 (6.62%) Retail
3 138 (5.82%) Banking
4 79 (3.33%) Marketing
5 31 (1.31%) Telecoms
6 23 (0.97%) Games
7 22 (0.93%) Investment Banking
8 18 (0.76%) Multimedia
9 15 (0.63%) Law
9 15 (0.63%) Publishing
10 14 (0.59%) Legal
11 13 (0.55%) Front Office
12 8 (0.34%) Advertising
12 8 (0.34%) Manufacturing
12 8 (0.34%) Music Industry
13 7 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.25%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.21%) Back Office
15 5 (0.21%) Interactive Media
15 5 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,050 (86.50%) Developer
2 789 (33.29%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 431 (18.19%) JavaScript Developer
4 398 (16.79%) React Developer
5 283 (11.94%) Angular Developer
6 237 (10.00%) Full Stack Developer
7 204 (8.61%) HTML Developer
8 189 (7.97%) UI Developer
9 174 (7.34%) Senior Developer
10 155 (6.54%) HTML CSS Developer
11 153 (6.46%) .NET Developer
12 140 (5.91%) Node.js Developer
13 125 (5.27%) Web Developer
14 122 (5.15%) PHP Developer
15 116 (4.89%) Java Developer
16 99 (4.18%) C# Developer
17 81 (3.42%) Designer
18 69 (2.91%) C# .NET Developer
19 60 (2.53%) Senior Front-End Developer
20 49 (2.07%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,370 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,293 (96.75%) HTML
3 2,191 (92.45%) HTML5
4 1,009 (42.57%) AngularJS
5 843 (35.57%) React
6 695 (29.32%) Node.js
7 689 (29.07%) jQuery
8 606 (25.57%) Sass
9 403 (17.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 376 (15.86%) Redux
11 371 (15.65%) .NET
12 357 (15.06%) RESTful
13 305 (12.87%) REST
14 300 (12.66%) Web Services
15 295 (12.45%) LESS
16 256 (10.80%) JSON
17 244 (10.30%) ASP.NET
18 202 (8.52%) Angular 2
19 197 (8.31%) Ajax
20 172 (7.26%) Vue (Vue.js)
Miscellaneous
1 463 (19.54%) User Experience
2 209 (8.82%) Greenfield Project
3 112 (4.73%) Mobile App
4 80 (3.38%) Analytical Skills
5 61 (2.57%) Fintech
6 42 (1.77%) W3C
7 25 (1.05%) Clustering
7 25 (1.05%) Computer Science
8 22 (0.93%) e-Learning
9 21 (0.89%) Algorithms
10 20 (0.84%) Digital Media
10 20 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
10 20 (0.84%) Social Media
10 20 (0.84%) Virtual Team
11 16 (0.68%) Fat Client
11 16 (0.68%) Thin Client
12 15 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
12 15 (0.63%) Self-Motivation
13 13 (0.55%) iPad
13 13 (0.55%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 101 (4.26%) Linux
2 96 (4.05%) Apple iOS
3 90 (3.80%) Android
4 40 (1.69%) Unix
5 37 (1.56%) Windows
6 5 (0.21%) Mac OS X
6 5 (0.21%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.17%) CentOS
8 3 (0.13%) VMS
9 2 (0.084%) Windows Phone
9 2 (0.084%) Windows Phone 8
10 1 (0.042%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.042%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.042%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,091 (46.03%) Agile Software Development
2 964 (40.68%) Front End Development
3 655 (27.64%) TDD
4 435 (18.35%) Web Development
5 412 (17.38%) MVC
6 369 (15.57%) Scrum
7 323 (13.63%) BDD
8 306 (12.91%) Unit Testing
9 299 (12.62%) Test Automation
10 278 (11.73%) Continuous Integration
10 278 (11.73%) OO
11 277 (11.69%) Responsive Web Design
12 233 (9.83%) E-Commerce
13 214 (9.03%) DevOps
14 206 (8.69%) Microservices
15 138 (5.82%) Wireframes
16 128 (5.40%) Open Source
17 122 (5.15%) Continuous Delivery
17 122 (5.15%) Problem-Solving
18 118 (4.98%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 2,029 (85.61%) JavaScript
2 350 (14.77%) C#
3 349 (14.73%) ES6
4 343 (14.47%) Java
5 263 (11.10%) TypeScript
6 224 (9.45%) SQL
7 200 (8.44%) PHP
8 83 (3.50%) Scala
9 78 (3.29%) Python
10 71 (3.00%) Ruby
11 52 (2.19%) T-SQL
12 46 (1.94%) ES7
12 46 (1.94%) Java 8
13 24 (1.01%) Go
14 22 (0.93%) PL/SQL
15 20 (0.84%) C++
16 16 (0.68%) Groovy
17 12 (0.51%) C
17 12 (0.51%) VB.NET
18 11 (0.46%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 83 (3.50%) Security Cleared
2 65 (2.74%) Degree
2 65 (2.74%) SC Cleared
3 13 (0.55%) Computer Science Degree
4 12 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
5 6 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (0.17%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.17%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.084%) BC Cleared
9 2 (0.084%) MCSD
10 1 (0.042%) ISEB
10 1 (0.042%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.042%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (3.63%) QA
2 31 (1.31%) WCAG
3 11 (0.46%) WAI
4 6 (0.25%) PMO
5 4 (0.17%) GDPR
6 3 (0.13%) GCP
7 1 (0.042%) Section 508
System Software
1 224 (9.45%) Docker
2 7 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.13%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.13%) LXC
4 2 (0.084%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.042%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.042%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 43 (1.81%) Ansible
1 43 (1.81%) Puppet
2 36 (1.52%) Kubernetes
3 22 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
4 11 (0.46%) Terraform
5 4 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
6 3 (0.13%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 2 (0.084%) Capistrano
7 2 (0.084%) HAProxy
7 2 (0.084%) Mesos
7 2 (0.084%) Nagios
7 2 (0.084%) Rancher
7 2 (0.084%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.042%) cPanel
8 1 (0.042%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.042%) Kibana
8 1 (0.042%) Plesk
Vendors
1 130 (5.49%) Adobe
2 125 (5.27%) Microsoft
3 49 (2.07%) Google
4 46 (1.94%) Oracle
5 45 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
6 37 (1.56%) Sitecore
7 24 (1.01%) Capita
8 20 (0.84%) Perforce
9 17 (0.72%) Zend
10 15 (0.63%) SAP
11 13 (0.55%) Apple
11 13 (0.55%) Atlassian
12 12 (0.51%) Splunk
13 11 (0.46%) Twitter
14 9 (0.38%) hybris
15 7 (0.30%) ClickTale
16 6 (0.25%) MuleSoft
17 5 (0.21%) New Relic
17 5 (0.21%) WooCommerce
18 4 (0.17%) ServiceNow