Period
to 18 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 18 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
18 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 95 78 73
Rank change year-on-year -17 -5 +11
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,425 2,614 2,951
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.58% 2.94% 2.94%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.38% 8.99% 9.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,771 1,880 2,203
England median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £275
90th Percentile £575 £556 £560
UK median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +9.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 18 8
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £12.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +220.00% -37.50%
10th Percentile £15.00 £13.38 £9.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £30.19
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £12.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% +220.00% -33.97%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,840 29,070 29,750
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.90% 32.69% 29.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,420 20,141 21,023
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 332 372 349
England median hourly rate £41.69 £40.00 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.22% +9.59% -1.35%
10th Percentile £16.33 £16.03 £12.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £50.20
UK median hourly rate £41.52 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +3.79% +11.11% -2.76%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 18 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 18 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 18 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -15 1,240 £475 +3.26% 329
South East -13 416 £400 +9.59% 126
North of England -23 316 £388 +3.33% 168
Midlands -17 248 £375 +10.29% 115
North West -11 167 £391 +4.14% 88
East Midlands -7 132 £375 +15.38% 51
Yorkshire -19 123 £388 +2.78% 63
West Midlands -7 116 £375 +7.07% 64
South West -2 108 £400 +14.29% 63
East of England -12 93 £385 +15.79% 56
North East -12 28 £375 -16.67% 17
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 18 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,425 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,343 (96.62%) HTML
3 2,223 (91.67%) HTML5
4 2,092 (86.27%) JavaScript
5 1,146 (47.26%) Agile Software Development
6 974 (40.16%) AngularJS
7 953 (39.30%) Front End Development
8 883 (36.41%) React
9 702 (28.95%) Git (software)
10 686 (28.29%) Node.js
11 680 (28.04%) jQuery
12 662 (27.30%) TDD
13 647 (26.68%) Sass
14 508 (20.95%) User Experience
15 430 (17.73%) Web Development
16 408 (16.82%) Scrum
17 392 (16.16%) MVC
18 389 (16.04%) Redux
19 357 (14.72%) Java
20 350 (14.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 346 (14.27%) ES6
22 340 (14.02%) C#
23 336 (13.86%) .NET
24 323 (13.32%) Unit Testing
25 317 (13.07%) RESTful
26 292 (12.04%) JSON
27 286 (11.79%) Responsive Web Design
28 283 (11.67%) Test Automation
29 279 (11.51%) LESS
29 279 (11.51%) REST

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (6.14%) CMS
2 107 (4.41%) Confluence
3 76 (3.13%) WordPress
4 56 (2.31%) Drupal
5 28 (1.15%) Umbraco
6 25 (1.03%) Apache
7 24 (0.99%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 22 (0.91%) EPiServer
8 22 (0.91%) Sitecore CMS
9 21 (0.87%) SharePoint
9 21 (0.87%) Tomcat
10 20 (0.82%) IIS
11 19 (0.78%) WebSphere
12 16 (0.66%) nginx
13 14 (0.58%) Elasticsearch
14 9 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 9 (0.37%) SharePoint 2010
15 8 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
16 7 (0.29%) Apache Spark
16 7 (0.29%) Liferay
Applications
1 124 (5.11%) Photoshop
2 39 (1.61%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 34 (1.40%) Adobe Illustrator
4 30 (1.24%) InVision
5 26 (1.07%) OmniGraffle
6 22 (0.91%) GIMP
7 14 (0.58%) Fireworks
8 12 (0.49%) UXPin
9 10 (0.41%) MS Visio
10 9 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
10 9 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
11 6 (0.25%) InDesign
11 6 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
12 3 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 2 (0.082%) Adobe After Effects
14 1 (0.041%) Adobe Premiere
14 1 (0.041%) Lectora
14 1 (0.041%) SketchUp
Business Applications
1 29 (1.20%) Magento
2 16 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.12%) Shopify
5 2 (0.082%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.082%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.082%) Unica
6 1 (0.041%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.041%) LatentZero
6 1 (0.041%) Minerva
6 1 (0.041%) OpenCart
6 1 (0.041%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.041%) SDL Web 8
6 1 (0.041%) Tesseract
6 1 (0.041%) thinkFolio
6 1 (0.041%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 195 (8.04%) Amazon AWS
2 147 (6.06%) npm
3 127 (5.24%) Microsoft Azure
4 76 (3.13%) GitHub
5 59 (2.43%) Serverless
6 36 (1.48%) SaaS
7 25 (1.03%) Amazon EC2
8 22 (0.91%) AWS Lambda
9 20 (0.82%) Google Analytics
9 20 (0.82%) Google Cloud Platform
10 19 (0.78%) Dynamics 365
11 13 (0.54%) Adobe Analytics
12 12 (0.49%) BrowserStack
13 11 (0.45%) AWS CloudFormation
14 10 (0.41%) Amazon S3
15 9 (0.37%) OpenShift
16 7 (0.29%) Amazon Kinesis
16 7 (0.29%) Basecamp
16 7 (0.29%) IaaS
16 7 (0.29%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 80 (3.30%) HTTP
2 42 (1.73%) Internet
3 12 (0.49%) SMS
4 11 (0.45%) Reverse Proxy
5 5 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
6 3 (0.12%) DSL
6 3 (0.12%) FTP
6 3 (0.12%) Intranet
7 2 (0.082%) SSH
8 1 (0.041%) Broadband
8 1 (0.041%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.041%) Skype
8 1 (0.041%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 224 (9.24%) MySQL
2 181 (7.46%) SQL Server
3 97 (4.00%) NoSQL
4 78 (3.22%) Relational Database
5 77 (3.18%) MongoDB
6 46 (1.90%) PostgreSQL
7 35 (1.44%) SQL Server 2012
8 34 (1.40%) Apache Cassandra
9 29 (1.20%) Redis
10 23 (0.95%) RDBMS
11 21 (0.87%) Blockchain
12 20 (0.82%) SQL Server 2008
13 16 (0.66%) Big Data
13 16 (0.66%) SQL Server 2014
14 15 (0.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 14 (0.58%) Data Warehouse
15 14 (0.58%) Oracle Database
16 13 (0.54%) DB2
16 13 (0.54%) RavenDB
17 12 (0.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 702 (28.95%) Git (software)
2 268 (11.05%) gulp
3 267 (11.01%) webpack
4 209 (8.62%) Grunt
5 206 (8.49%) Jenkins
6 185 (7.63%) JIRA
7 176 (7.26%) Jasmine
8 139 (5.73%) Selenium
9 107 (4.41%) Karma Test Runner
10 103 (4.25%) Mocha
11 100 (4.12%) Subversion
12 96 (3.96%) Visual Studio
13 82 (3.38%) Axure RP
14 78 (3.22%) Babel
15 66 (2.72%) Team Foundation Server
16 62 (2.56%) Protractor
17 51 (2.10%) TeamCity
18 49 (2.02%) Maven
19 41 (1.69%) Cucumber
19 41 (1.69%) Sinon.JS
General
1 264 (10.89%) Finance
2 178 (7.34%) Retail
3 131 (5.40%) Banking
4 79 (3.26%) Marketing
5 29 (1.20%) Games
6 26 (1.07%) Investment Banking
7 25 (1.03%) Telecoms
8 22 (0.91%) Publishing
9 17 (0.70%) Advertising
10 15 (0.62%) Legal
11 13 (0.54%) Law
12 10 (0.41%) Interactive Media
13 8 (0.33%) Back Office
14 7 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.25%) Music Industry
16 5 (0.21%) Retail Banking
17 4 (0.16%) Aerospace
17 4 (0.16%) Financial Institution
17 4 (0.16%) Front Office
17 4 (0.16%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2,141 (88.29%) Developer
2 780 (32.16%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 438 (18.06%) JavaScript Developer
4 417 (17.20%) React Developer
5 273 (11.26%) Angular Developer
6 226 (9.32%) UI Developer
7 217 (8.95%) Full Stack Developer
8 187 (7.71%) HTML Developer
9 184 (7.59%) Senior Developer
10 160 (6.60%) HTML CSS Developer
11 150 (6.19%) .NET Developer
12 142 (5.86%) Web Developer
13 135 (5.57%) Java Developer
14 125 (5.15%) PHP Developer
15 109 (4.49%) C# Developer
16 102 (4.21%) Node.js Developer
17 82 (3.38%) Designer
18 73 (3.01%) C# .NET Developer
19 69 (2.85%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 61 (2.52%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,425 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,343 (96.62%) HTML
3 2,223 (91.67%) HTML5
4 974 (40.16%) AngularJS
5 883 (36.41%) React
6 686 (28.29%) Node.js
7 680 (28.04%) jQuery
8 647 (26.68%) Sass
9 389 (16.04%) Redux
10 350 (14.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 336 (13.86%) .NET
12 317 (13.07%) RESTful
13 292 (12.04%) JSON
14 279 (11.51%) LESS
14 279 (11.51%) REST
15 248 (10.23%) Ajax
16 246 (10.14%) Web Services
17 226 (9.32%) ASP.NET
18 173 (7.13%) Angular 2
19 168 (6.93%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 508 (20.95%) User Experience
2 204 (8.41%) Greenfield Project
3 112 (4.62%) Mobile App
4 62 (2.56%) Analytical Skills
5 58 (2.39%) Fintech
6 56 (2.31%) W3C
7 28 (1.15%) Computer Science
8 22 (0.91%) Data Structures
8 22 (0.91%) Enterprise Software
9 19 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
10 17 (0.70%) Self-Motivation
11 14 (0.58%) Algorithms
11 14 (0.58%) NHS
12 12 (0.49%) iPad
12 12 (0.49%) Social Media
13 11 (0.45%) Virtual Team
14 10 (0.41%) iPhone
14 10 (0.41%) RIA
14 10 (0.41%) Semantic Web
15 8 (0.33%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 122 (5.03%) Linux
2 102 (4.21%) Android
3 96 (3.96%) Apple iOS
4 41 (1.69%) Windows
5 37 (1.53%) Unix
6 8 (0.33%) VMS
7 5 (0.21%) CentOS
8 4 (0.16%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.12%) Windows Phone
10 2 (0.082%) Windows Phone 8
11 1 (0.041%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.041%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.041%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,146 (47.26%) Agile Software Development
2 953 (39.30%) Front End Development
3 662 (27.30%) TDD
4 430 (17.73%) Web Development
5 408 (16.82%) Scrum
6 392 (16.16%) MVC
7 323 (13.32%) Unit Testing
8 286 (11.79%) Responsive Web Design
9 283 (11.67%) Test Automation
10 268 (11.05%) BDD
11 266 (10.97%) OO
12 258 (10.64%) Continuous Integration
13 227 (9.36%) E-Commerce
14 208 (8.58%) Microservices
15 193 (7.96%) DevOps
16 154 (6.35%) Wireframes
17 151 (6.23%) Open Source
18 138 (5.69%) Problem-Solving
19 133 (5.48%) OOP
20 131 (5.40%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 2,092 (86.27%) JavaScript
2 357 (14.72%) Java
3 346 (14.27%) ES6
4 340 (14.02%) C#
5 251 (10.35%) TypeScript
6 240 (9.90%) SQL
7 221 (9.11%) PHP
8 89 (3.67%) Python
9 84 (3.46%) Scala
10 65 (2.68%) Ruby
11 53 (2.19%) T-SQL
12 44 (1.81%) ES7
12 44 (1.81%) Java 8
13 29 (1.20%) C++
14 23 (0.95%) Groovy
15 22 (0.91%) C
15 22 (0.91%) Go
16 18 (0.74%) PL/SQL
17 16 (0.66%) Apple Swift
17 16 (0.66%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 100 (4.12%) Security Cleared
2 79 (3.26%) Degree
2 79 (3.26%) SC Cleared
3 13 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
4 12 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
5 6 (0.25%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (0.21%) BC Cleared
7 3 (0.12%) DBS Check
7 3 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
8 2 (0.082%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.082%) MCSD
9 1 (0.041%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 76 (3.13%) QA
2 27 (1.11%) WCAG
3 18 (0.74%) WAI
4 9 (0.37%) SLA
5 8 (0.33%) PMO
6 7 (0.29%) GDPR
7 6 (0.25%) GCP
8 5 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.041%) Section 508
System Software
1 221 (9.11%) Docker
2 14 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
3 10 (0.41%) VirtualBox
4 6 (0.25%) LXC
5 1 (0.041%) Firmware
5 1 (0.041%) HDFS
5 1 (0.041%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 52 (2.14%) Kubernetes
2 37 (1.53%) Puppet
3 17 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
4 16 (0.66%) Ansible
5 10 (0.41%) HAProxy
6 9 (0.37%) Terraform
7 6 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
8 4 (0.16%) Capistrano
9 3 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (0.12%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 2 (0.082%) Mesos
11 1 (0.041%) cPanel
11 1 (0.041%) Grafana
11 1 (0.041%) Graphite
11 1 (0.041%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.041%) Kibana
11 1 (0.041%) Nagios
11 1 (0.041%) Plesk
11 1 (0.041%) Rancher
Vendors
1 134 (5.53%) Adobe
1 134 (5.53%) Microsoft
2 78 (3.22%) Oracle
3 52 (2.14%) Google
4 44 (1.81%) Salesforce.com
5 38 (1.57%) Capita
6 29 (1.20%) Sitecore
7 20 (0.82%) Perforce
8 16 (0.66%) SAP
9 15 (0.62%) hybris
9 15 (0.62%) Zend
10 14 (0.58%) Twitter
11 10 (0.41%) Atlassian
12 9 (0.37%) Apple
12 9 (0.37%) ClickTale
13 8 (0.33%) MuleSoft
14 6 (0.25%) IBM
14 6 (0.25%) Xamarin
15 5 (0.21%) Rackspace
15 5 (0.21%) Splunk