Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 196 120 93
Rank change year-on-year -76 -27 -14
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1,060 2,130 2,519
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.39% 2.24% 2.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.53% 6.36% 8.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 739 1,513 1,916
England median daily rate £438 £435 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.57% +2.35% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £306 £291
90th Percentile £588 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +2.94% - +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 9 11
England median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £33.44
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.65% +27.09% -27.30%
10th Percentile £21.30 £14.10 £12.50
90th Percentile £122.50 £55.00 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £33.44
% change year-on-year +17.65% +27.09% -27.30%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,378 33,497 30,793
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.75% 35.25% 32.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,391 23,848 21,915
England median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 248 293 367
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £17.41 £17.10 £18.65
90th Percentile £78.75 £58.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +5.26%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -57 556 £475 - 179
North of England -32 153 £400 +6.67% 120
South East -92 134 £425 +6.25% 100
Midlands -36 92 £425 +13.33% 74
North West -8 84 £393 +4.67% 74
South West -22 72 £425 +6.25% 77
West Midlands -4 64 £438 +12.90% 37
Yorkshire -16 48 £400 +5.26% 36
East of England -9 43 £375 - 45
East Midlands -38 28 £400 +6.67% 37
North East +6 21 £363 -7.64% 10
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,060 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,043 (98.40%) HTML
3 989 (93.30%) HTML5
4 841 (79.34%) JavaScript
5 502 (47.36%) Agile Software Development
6 403 (38.02%) Front End Development
7 378 (35.66%) React
8 376 (35.47%) AngularJS
9 295 (27.83%) Git (software)
10 286 (26.98%) Node.js
11 281 (26.51%) Sass
12 227 (21.42%) User Experience
13 226 (21.32%) Redux
14 219 (20.66%) TDD
15 217 (20.47%) jQuery
16 196 (18.49%) Web Development
17 193 (18.21%) Java
18 182 (17.17%) TypeScript
19 164 (15.47%) .NET
20 163 (15.38%) ES6
21 161 (15.19%) MVC
22 158 (14.91%) RESTful
23 157 (14.81%) REST
24 153 (14.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
25 144 (13.58%) Scrum
26 135 (12.74%) C#
27 133 (12.55%) Test Automation
28 128 (12.08%) SQL
29 126 (11.89%) JSON
29 126 (11.89%) webpack

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (8.58%) CMS
2 40 (3.77%) Confluence
3 38 (3.58%) WordPress
4 36 (3.40%) Drupal
5 28 (2.64%) Apache
6 20 (1.89%) SharePoint
7 17 (1.60%) Apache Solr
7 17 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
8 12 (1.13%) Umbraco
9 11 (1.04%) JBoss
10 10 (0.94%) IIS
11 9 (0.85%) nginx
11 9 (0.85%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.66%) Magnolia
12 7 (0.66%) Sitecore CMS
13 4 (0.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.38%) Jadu
13 4 (0.38%) SharePoint 2013
14 3 (0.28%) Liferay
14 3 (0.28%) Tomcat
Applications
1 74 (6.98%) Photoshop
2 28 (2.64%) GIMP
3 26 (2.45%) Adobe Illustrator
4 17 (1.60%) Sketch
5 13 (1.23%) InVision
6 9 (0.85%) Zeplin
7 5 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.28%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.28%) UserZoom
9 3 (0.28%) UXPin
10 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
10 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
11 1 (0.094%) Adobe XD
11 1 (0.094%) Figma
11 1 (0.094%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 20 (1.89%) Magento
2 7 (0.66%) Shopify
3 4 (0.38%) osCommerce
4 3 (0.28%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.19%) WebTrends
6 1 (0.094%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.094%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.094%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 116 (10.94%) Azure
2 68 (6.42%) GitHub
3 57 (5.38%) AWS
4 49 (4.62%) npm
5 46 (4.34%) Google Analytics
6 19 (1.79%) Serverless
7 14 (1.32%) AWS Lambda
8 12 (1.13%) PaaS
8 12 (1.13%) Yarn
9 11 (1.04%) OpenShift
9 11 (1.04%) SaaS
10 10 (0.94%) Amazon S3
11 8 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
11 8 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
11 8 (0.75%) GCP
12 7 (0.66%) Amazon ECS
12 7 (0.66%) Force.com
13 6 (0.57%) Power Platform
14 5 (0.47%) Microsoft Flow
14 5 (0.47%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 63 (5.94%) HTTP
2 22 (2.08%) SSL
2 22 (2.08%) TCP/IP
3 8 (0.75%) SSH
4 5 (0.47%) DSL
4 5 (0.47%) Intranet
4 5 (0.47%) Network Security
4 5 (0.47%) Reverse Proxy
5 4 (0.38%) Internet
6 1 (0.094%) DNS
6 1 (0.094%) POP3
6 1 (0.094%) SMTP
6 1 (0.094%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (9.25%) SQL Server
2 62 (5.85%) MySQL
3 51 (4.81%) NoSQL
4 48 (4.53%) Relational Database
5 30 (2.83%) MongoDB
6 14 (1.32%) PostgreSQL
7 13 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
8 11 (1.04%) SQL Server 2016
9 7 (0.66%) Big Data
10 6 (0.57%) HBase
10 6 (0.57%) Oracle Database
10 6 (0.57%) RDBMS
10 6 (0.57%) SQL Server 2008
10 6 (0.57%) SQL Server 2012
10 6 (0.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 5 (0.47%) Blockchain
12 4 (0.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 4 (0.38%) Cosmos DB
12 4 (0.38%) Oracle Reports
12 4 (0.38%) Redis
Development Applications
1 295 (27.83%) Git (software)
2 126 (11.89%) webpack
3 85 (8.02%) Jenkins
4 78 (7.36%) gulp
5 77 (7.26%) JIRA
6 64 (6.04%) Grunt
7 56 (5.28%) Selenium
8 48 (4.53%) Cucumber
9 46 (4.34%) Visual Studio
10 43 (4.06%) Jasmine
11 41 (3.87%) JUnit
12 31 (2.92%) Bitbucket
13 30 (2.83%) Mocha
13 30 (2.83%) Team Foundation Server
14 27 (2.55%) Maven
15 25 (2.36%) git-flow
15 25 (2.36%) Subversion
16 24 (2.26%) Karma Test Runner
17 22 (2.08%) Visual Studio Team System
18 21 (1.98%) Gatling
General
1 101 (9.53%) Finance
2 62 (5.85%) Retail
3 60 (5.66%) Marketing
4 41 (3.87%) Banking
5 33 (3.11%) Public Sector
6 20 (1.89%) Telecoms
7 19 (1.79%) Games
7 19 (1.79%) Law
8 15 (1.42%) Electronics
8 15 (1.42%) Front Office
8 15 (1.42%) Pharmaceutical
9 14 (1.32%) Manufacturing
10 6 (0.57%) Automotive
10 6 (0.57%) Investment Banking
10 6 (0.57%) Multimedia
11 5 (0.47%) Publishing
12 3 (0.28%) Advertising
12 3 (0.28%) Legal
13 2 (0.19%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.094%) Billing
Job Titles
1 951 (89.72%) Developer
2 297 (28.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 198 (18.68%) React Developer
4 118 (11.13%) JavaScript Developer
5 109 (10.28%) Full Stack Developer
6 106 (10.00%) Angular Developer
7 78 (7.36%) .NET Developer
8 69 (6.51%) HTML Developer
9 68 (6.42%) Web Developer
10 67 (6.32%) UI Developer
11 61 (5.75%) Java Developer
12 53 (5.00%) HTML CSS Developer
13 48 (4.53%) PHP Developer
14 47 (4.43%) Senior Developer
15 35 (3.30%) Node.js Developer
16 32 (3.02%) Scala Developer
17 26 (2.45%) C# Developer
18 23 (2.17%) Designer
19 21 (1.98%) Ruby on Rails Developer
20 19 (1.79%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,060 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,043 (98.40%) HTML
3 989 (93.30%) HTML5
4 378 (35.66%) React
5 376 (35.47%) AngularJS
6 286 (26.98%) Node.js
7 281 (26.51%) Sass
8 226 (21.32%) Redux
9 217 (20.47%) jQuery
10 164 (15.47%) .NET
11 158 (14.91%) RESTful
12 157 (14.81%) REST
13 153 (14.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 126 (11.89%) JSON
15 118 (11.13%) Spring
16 105 (9.91%) LESS
17 103 (9.72%) Web Services
18 96 (9.06%) Vue.js
19 83 (7.83%) ASP.NET
20 81 (7.64%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 227 (21.42%) User Experience
2 76 (7.17%) Mobile App
3 70 (6.60%) Greenfield Project
4 27 (2.55%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
5 18 (1.70%) W3C
6 15 (1.42%) Social Media
7 14 (1.32%) Graphic Design
8 8 (0.75%) Algorithms
9 7 (0.66%) Animation
9 7 (0.66%) e-Learning
10 6 (0.57%) Data Structures
10 6 (0.57%) Music Streaming
10 6 (0.57%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (0.47%) Digital Media
11 5 (0.47%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (0.47%) Public Cloud
12 4 (0.38%) New Media
12 4 (0.38%) NHS
12 4 (0.38%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 48 (4.53%) Linux
2 18 (1.70%) Android
3 16 (1.51%) Apple iOS
4 9 (0.85%) Unix
5 7 (0.66%) Ubuntu
5 7 (0.66%) Windows
6 3 (0.28%) Solaris
7 1 (0.094%) CentOS
7 1 (0.094%) Debian
7 1 (0.094%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.094%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 502 (47.36%) Agile Software Development
2 403 (38.02%) Front End Development
3 219 (20.66%) TDD
4 196 (18.49%) Web Development
5 161 (15.19%) MVC
6 144 (13.58%) Scrum
7 133 (12.55%) Test Automation
8 123 (11.60%) Microservices
9 122 (11.51%) Continuous Integration
10 105 (9.91%) OO
11 103 (9.72%) DevOps
12 101 (9.53%) Responsive Web Design
13 94 (8.87%) BDD
14 93 (8.77%) E-Commerce
15 91 (8.58%) Unit Testing
16 79 (7.45%) Analytics
17 64 (6.04%) Problem-Solving
18 62 (5.85%) Open Source
19 48 (4.53%) Wireframes
20 47 (4.43%) BEM - Block Element Modifier
Programming Languages
1 841 (79.34%) JavaScript
2 193 (18.21%) Java
3 182 (17.17%) TypeScript
4 163 (15.38%) ES6
5 135 (12.74%) C#
6 128 (12.08%) SQL
7 97 (9.15%) PHP
8 59 (5.57%) Scala
9 50 (4.72%) Ruby
10 29 (2.74%) T-SQL
11 27 (2.55%) ES7
12 24 (2.26%) Java 8
13 18 (1.70%) Python
14 14 (1.32%) PL/SQL
15 10 (0.94%) Groovy
16 7 (0.66%) Apex Code
16 7 (0.66%) Bash Shell
16 7 (0.66%) SOQL
16 7 (0.66%) SOSL
17 6 (0.57%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 56 (5.28%) Security Cleared
2 46 (4.34%) Degree
3 43 (4.06%) SC Cleared
4 8 (0.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (0.38%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.19%) Master's Degree
6 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.094%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.094%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (0.094%) MCSD
7 1 (0.094%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (5.38%) WCAG
2 15 (1.42%) QA
3 4 (0.38%) GDPR
4 2 (0.19%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.094%) PMO
System Software
1 65 (6.13%) Docker
2 3 (0.28%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.094%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 29 (2.74%) Kibana
2 26 (2.45%) Kubernetes
3 21 (1.98%) Grafana
4 5 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
5 3 (0.28%) MIIS
6 2 (0.19%) Ansible
7 1 (0.094%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.094%) HAProxy
7 1 (0.094%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.094%) Puppet
7 1 (0.094%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.094%) Terraform
Vendors
1 77 (7.26%) Google
2 57 (5.38%) Microsoft
3 27 (2.55%) Adobe
4 25 (2.36%) Atlassian
5 24 (2.26%) Oracle
6 20 (1.89%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.23%) Apple
7 13 (1.23%) Sitecore
7 13 (1.23%) Yahoo!
8 12 (1.13%) SAP
9 11 (1.04%) Demandware
10 10 (0.94%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 9 (0.85%) Hotjar
12 8 (0.75%) HubSpot
13 7 (0.66%) Xamarin
14 6 (0.57%) Optimizely
14 6 (0.57%) Splunk
15 5 (0.47%) hybris
16 4 (0.38%) Red Hat
17 3 (0.28%) IBM