Period
to 11 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 11 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
11 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 269 176 98
Rank change year-on-year -93 -78 -16
Contract jobs citing CSS3 347 1,386 2,474
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.95% 1.63% 2.61%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.04% 5.00% 7.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 247 1,035 1,850
Median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £295
90th Percentile £564 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 15 14
Median hourly rate £35.75 £52.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -31.90% +16.67% +12.50%
10th Percentile £24.10 £21.95 £19.28
90th Percentile £49.40 £122.50 £49.25
UK median hourly rate £35.75 £52.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -31.90% +16.67% +12.50%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 11,421 27,743 32,453
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.25% 32.53% 34.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,804 19,602 23,001
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £335 £345 £319
90th Percentile £675 £650 £630
UK median daily rate £500 £490 £470
% change year-on-year +2.04% +4.26% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 166 286 359
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.77
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +5.35% +1.87%
10th Percentile £23.00 £18.50 £15.19
90th Percentile £63.38 £60.00 £58.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.41
% change year-on-year -17.65% +2.63% +1.62%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 11 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 11 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 11 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -60 185 £475 -2.06% 61
South East -5 50 £419 -1.47% 35
North of England +6 42 £405 +5.19% 58
South West +35 26 £375 -11.76% 26
Midlands -8 21 £410 +2.50% 49
North West +11 20 £410 +6.49% 32
Yorkshire +39 16 £388 +3.47% 18
East of England +31 14 £375 -7.69% 24
East Midlands +18 12 £410 +13.89% 20
West Midlands +16 9 £438 +2.94% 29
North East +21 6 £543 +31.52% 8
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 11 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 347 (100.00%) CSS
2 345 (99.42%) HTML
3 316 (91.07%) HTML5
4 298 (85.88%) JavaScript
5 173 (49.86%) Agile Software Development
6 124 (35.73%) Front End Development
7 120 (34.58%) Git (software)
8 112 (32.28%) React
9 102 (29.39%) AngularJS
10 89 (25.65%) Node.js
11 82 (23.63%) Sass
12 81 (23.34%) DevOps
12 81 (23.34%) TDD
13 59 (17.00%) User Experience
14 57 (16.43%) C#
14 57 (16.43%) Redux
15 56 (16.14%) Java
16 52 (14.99%) .NET
17 50 (14.41%) Microservices
18 49 (14.12%) Web Development
19 48 (13.83%) jQuery
19 48 (13.83%) PHP
19 48 (13.83%) Scrum
19 48 (13.83%) REST
20 47 (13.54%) TypeScript
20 47 (13.54%) OO
20 47 (13.54%) Security Cleared
21 45 (12.97%) ES6
22 44 (12.68%) SQL Server
23 42 (12.10%) Test Automation

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (8.07%) CMS
2 21 (6.05%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (4.03%) Drupal
3 14 (4.03%) SharePoint
4 13 (3.75%) Apache Solr
5 11 (3.17%) Headless CMS
5 11 (3.17%) WordPress
6 10 (2.88%) Confluence
7 8 (2.31%) Umbraco
8 6 (1.73%) Apache Spark
9 5 (1.44%) Apache
9 5 (1.44%) Tornado
10 4 (1.15%) nginx
11 3 (0.86%) Sitecore CMS
12 2 (0.58%) SharePoint 2013
12 2 (0.58%) WebSphere
13 1 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 1 (0.29%) EPiServer
13 1 (0.29%) Moodle
13 1 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 18 (5.19%) Sketch
2 17 (4.90%) InVision
3 9 (2.59%) Zeplin
4 8 (2.31%) Photoshop
5 4 (1.15%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.29%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
6 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.29%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 6 (1.73%) Shopify
2 4 (1.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.86%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.58%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 41 (11.82%) Azure
2 37 (10.66%) AWS
3 17 (4.90%) GitHub
4 14 (4.03%) Serverless
5 13 (3.75%) AWS Lambda
6 11 (3.17%) GCP
7 10 (2.88%) npm
8 6 (1.73%) Firebase
9 5 (1.44%) Azure Functions
9 5 (1.44%) Power Platform
10 4 (1.15%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (1.15%) Office 365
11 3 (0.86%) Amazon ECS
11 3 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
11 3 (0.86%) Google Analytics
11 3 (0.86%) Logic Apps
11 3 (0.86%) prismic.io
11 3 (0.86%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 3 (0.86%) Yarn
12 2 (0.58%) WhatsApp
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.59%) HTTP
2 4 (1.15%) Kerberos
2 4 (1.15%) SSL
2 4 (1.15%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.86%) Firewall
4 2 (0.58%) DSL
4 2 (0.58%) Skype
5 1 (0.29%) IKE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (12.68%) SQL Server
2 22 (6.34%) MySQL
3 16 (4.61%) PostgreSQL
4 10 (2.88%) MongoDB
4 10 (2.88%) Relational Database
5 5 (1.44%) Apache Hive
5 5 (1.44%) Big Data
5 5 (1.44%) NoSQL
6 4 (1.15%) MariaDB
6 4 (1.15%) Sybase ASE
7 3 (0.86%) Blockchain
7 3 (0.86%) Redis
7 3 (0.86%) SQL Server 2017
8 2 (0.58%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (0.58%) CouchDB
8 2 (0.58%) SQL Server 2016
8 2 (0.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 1 (0.29%) DB2
9 1 (0.29%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 120 (34.58%) Git (software)
2 35 (10.09%) gulp
3 33 (9.51%) Grunt
4 24 (6.92%) webpack
5 23 (6.63%) Jenkins
6 22 (6.34%) JIRA
7 19 (5.48%) Maven
8 14 (4.03%) git-flow
9 13 (3.75%) Subversion
9 13 (3.75%) Visual Studio
10 12 (3.46%) Jasmine
10 12 (3.46%) Selenium
11 11 (3.17%) GitLab
12 10 (2.88%) TeamCity
13 9 (2.59%) JUnit
14 8 (2.31%) Axure RP
14 8 (2.31%) Mocha
15 6 (1.73%) Hudson
16 5 (1.44%) Cucumber
16 5 (1.44%) PHPUnit
General
1 31 (8.93%) Finance
2 15 (4.32%) Banking
3 13 (3.75%) Public Sector
4 12 (3.46%) Retail
5 10 (2.88%) Law
6 5 (1.44%) Games
6 5 (1.44%) Publishing
7 4 (1.15%) Investment Banking
7 4 (1.15%) Marketing
8 2 (0.58%) Financial Institution
8 2 (0.58%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.29%) Advertising
9 1 (0.29%) Back Office
9 1 (0.29%) International Banking
9 1 (0.29%) Local Government
9 1 (0.29%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 285 (82.13%) Developer
2 91 (26.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 56 (16.14%) React Developer
4 42 (12.10%) Full Stack Developer
5 38 (10.95%) JavaScript Developer
6 31 (8.93%) Web Developer
7 26 (7.49%) Angular Developer
8 21 (6.05%) HTML Developer
9 20 (5.76%) Senior Developer
10 19 (5.48%) PHP Developer
10 19 (5.48%) UI Developer
11 17 (4.90%) Architect
11 17 (4.90%) Designer
12 14 (4.03%) HTML CSS Developer
12 14 (4.03%) Java Developer
13 12 (3.46%) .NET Developer
14 11 (3.17%) C# Developer
14 11 (3.17%) Lead Developer
14 11 (3.17%) UI Designer
15 9 (2.59%) Applications Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 347 (100.00%) CSS
2 345 (99.42%) HTML
3 316 (91.07%) HTML5
4 112 (32.28%) React
5 102 (29.39%) AngularJS
6 89 (25.65%) Node.js
7 82 (23.63%) Sass
8 57 (16.43%) Redux
9 52 (14.99%) .NET
10 48 (13.83%) jQuery
10 48 (13.83%) REST
11 39 (11.24%) Web Services
12 36 (10.37%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 29 (8.36%) JSON
14 26 (7.49%) RESTful
15 25 (7.20%) Spring
15 25 (7.20%) Vue.js
16 22 (6.34%) Spring Boot
17 20 (5.76%) React Native
18 17 (4.90%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 59 (17.00%) User Experience
2 20 (5.76%) Mobile App
3 14 (4.03%) Greenfield Project
4 10 (2.88%) Data Structures
5 7 (2.02%) Analytical Skills
5 7 (2.02%) Reinsurance
6 6 (1.73%) Cloud Native
7 5 (1.44%) Animation
8 3 (0.86%) Algorithms
8 3 (0.86%) Credit Risk
8 3 (0.86%) Graphic Design
8 3 (0.86%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (0.86%) W3C
9 2 (0.58%) CMDB
9 2 (0.58%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.58%) Public Cloud
9 2 (0.58%) Video on Demand
9 2 (0.58%) Video\Live Streaming
10 1 (0.29%) Robotics
10 1 (0.29%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 15 (4.32%) Apple iOS
2 13 (3.75%) Linux
3 12 (3.46%) Android
4 3 (0.86%) VMS
5 2 (0.58%) CentOS
5 2 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.58%) tvOS
5 2 (0.58%) Unix
6 1 (0.29%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.29%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 173 (49.86%) Agile Software Development
2 124 (35.73%) Front End Development
3 81 (23.34%) DevOps
3 81 (23.34%) TDD
4 50 (14.41%) Microservices
5 49 (14.12%) Web Development
6 48 (13.83%) Scrum
7 47 (13.54%) OO
8 42 (12.10%) Test Automation
9 41 (11.82%) Unit Testing
10 35 (10.09%) Responsive Web Design
11 34 (9.80%) MVC
12 33 (9.51%) E-Commerce
13 32 (9.22%) Continuous Integration
14 29 (8.36%) BDD
15 28 (8.07%) Web Accessibility
16 25 (7.20%) Wireframes
17 23 (6.63%) Dependency Injection
18 19 (5.48%) Open Source
19 18 (5.19%) BEM - Block Element Modifier
Programming Languages
1 298 (85.88%) JavaScript
2 57 (16.43%) C#
3 56 (16.14%) Java
4 48 (13.83%) PHP
5 47 (13.54%) TypeScript
6 45 (12.97%) ES6
7 34 (9.80%) SQL
8 31 (8.93%) Python
9 16 (4.61%) Scala
10 11 (3.17%) T-SQL
11 8 (2.31%) Java 8
12 7 (2.02%) Ruby
13 6 (1.73%) C
14 5 (1.44%) Bash Shell
15 4 (1.15%) Go
16 3 (0.86%) Kotlin
16 3 (0.86%) Perl
16 3 (0.86%) PHP 7
17 2 (0.58%) C++
17 2 (0.58%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 47 (13.54%) Security Cleared
2 35 (10.09%) SC Cleared
3 5 (1.44%) Degree
4 4 (1.15%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (0.86%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.29%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (6.34%) WCAG
2 10 (2.88%) QA
3 1 (0.29%) HL7
System Software
1 19 (5.48%) Docker
2 4 (1.15%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 16 (4.61%) Ansible
2 12 (3.46%) Opscode Chef
2 12 (3.46%) Terraform
3 11 (3.17%) Kubernetes
4 7 (2.02%) Puppet
5 6 (1.73%) Kibana
6 3 (0.86%) Consul
6 3 (0.86%) Grafana
6 3 (0.86%) Packer
7 1 (0.29%) logstash
Vendors
1 14 (4.03%) Google
2 13 (3.75%) Adobe
2 13 (3.75%) Microsoft
3 11 (3.17%) Oracle
4 10 (2.88%) Salesforce.com
5 6 (1.73%) Demandware
5 6 (1.73%) SaltStack
6 5 (1.44%) Cloudera
6 5 (1.44%) Hortonworks
7 4 (1.15%) Atlassian
7 4 (1.15%) Sybase
8 3 (0.86%) SAP
8 3 (0.86%) Sitecore
8 3 (0.86%) Zend
9 2 (0.58%) Ariba
9 2 (0.58%) Mapbox
9 2 (0.58%) MuleSoft
9 2 (0.58%) ServiceNow
9 2 (0.58%) Splunk
9 2 (0.58%) WSO2