Period
to 23 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 23 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
23 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 345 253 200
Rank change year-on-year -92 -53 -86
Contract jobs citing CSS3 500 267 1,102
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.74% 0.97% 1.43%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.52% 3.06% 4.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 368 181 765
10th Percentile £331 £313 £308
25th Percentile £400 £369 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £493 £500 £450
Median % change year-on-year -1.50% +11.11% +5.88%
75th Percentile £638 £550 £525
90th Percentile £706 £563 £588
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 19
10th Percentile £37.01 " £19.60
25th Percentile £56.50 " £34.00
Median hourly rate £67.80 - £50.00
75th Percentile £70.00 " £88.13
90th Percentile £70.06 " £122.50
UK median hourly rate £62.15 - £50.00

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,851 8,723 24,157
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.53% 31.74% 31.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,547 6,287 17,214
10th Percentile £363 £313 £340
25th Percentile £438 £400 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £495 £500
% change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 216 64 214
10th Percentile £18.55 £22.50 £16.63
25th Percentile £31.25 £30.00 £33.03
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.25
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -7.18% +8.34%
75th Percentile £63.31 £54.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £73.02 £60.13 £73.75
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +15.29% -5.56% +7.95%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 23 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -67 329 £525 +0.48% 156
South East -69 49 £490 +50.77% 46
North of England -61 40 £400 -2.44% 86
South West -32 28 £400 -13.51% 23
North West -42 22 £391 -7.94% 45
Yorkshire -43 18 £425 +3.03% 30
East of England -46 17 £438 +45.83% 33
Midlands -81 11 £338 -28.57% 33
West Midlands -76 8 £325 -7.14% 22
East Midlands -43 3 £413 -20.67% 11
South Coast - 1 - -
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 23 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 500 (100.00%) CSS
2 465 (93.00%) HTML
3 446 (89.20%) HTML5
4 432 (86.40%) JavaScript
5 253 (50.60%) React
6 223 (44.60%) Agile Software Development
7 183 (36.60%) Front End Development
8 181 (36.20%) AngularJS
9 159 (31.80%) TypeScript
9 159 (31.80%) Git (software)
10 158 (31.60%) Sass
11 143 (28.60%) DevOps
12 142 (28.40%) Node.js
13 138 (27.60%) Full Stack Development
14 121 (24.20%) Azure
15 113 (22.60%) Accessibility
16 106 (21.20%) Java
17 99 (19.80%) Python
18 97 (19.40%) AWS
19 96 (19.20%) Web Development
20 95 (19.00%) Problem-Solving
21 93 (18.60%) ES6
22 89 (17.80%) Social Skills
22 89 (17.80%) Scrum
23 87 (17.40%) TDD
24 85 (17.00%) Docker
25 80 (16.00%) Finance
25 80 (16.00%) Redux
26 79 (15.80%) Web Services
27 76 (15.20%) GitHub

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (8.20%) CMS
2 22 (4.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 21 (4.20%) Confluence
4 17 (3.40%) WordPress
5 15 (3.00%) Apache
6 12 (2.40%) Drupal
7 8 (1.60%) nginx
8 7 (1.40%) IBM Domino
9 5 (1.00%) Apache Spark
9 5 (1.00%) SharePoint
10 4 (0.80%) Headless CMS
11 2 (0.40%) Apache Solr
11 2 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
12 1 (0.20%) Apache ServiceMix
12 1 (0.20%) Elasticsearch
12 1 (0.20%) Magnolia
12 1 (0.20%) Mule
12 1 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 1 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
12 1 (0.20%) Tomcat
Applications
1 13 (2.60%) Adobe Creative Suite
1 13 (2.60%) Sketch
2 12 (2.40%) Photoshop
3 10 (2.00%) InVision
4 5 (1.00%) Adobe XD
5 4 (0.80%) GIMP
6 3 (0.60%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.60%) InDesign
7 2 (0.40%) Figma
7 2 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.20%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 21 (4.20%) Magento
2 13 (2.60%) Shopify
3 1 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 121 (24.20%) Azure
2 97 (19.40%) AWS
3 76 (15.20%) GitHub
4 45 (9.00%) npm
5 11 (2.20%) GitHub Actions
6 10 (2.00%) Cloud Computing
7 6 (1.20%) Serverless
7 6 (1.20%) Yarn
8 5 (1.00%) Google Analytics
8 5 (1.00%) Siteimprove
9 4 (0.80%) Amazon S3
9 4 (0.80%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (0.60%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 3 (0.60%) Google Workspace
10 3 (0.60%) Slack
10 3 (0.60%) Trello
11 2 (0.40%) Akamai
11 2 (0.40%) BlazeMeter
11 2 (0.40%) GCP
11 2 (0.40%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 17 (3.40%) HTTP
2 16 (3.20%) Internet
3 6 (1.20%) DNS
4 5 (1.00%) Kerberos
5 4 (0.80%) SSL
5 4 (0.80%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.60%) FTP
7 2 (0.40%) X.500
8 1 (0.20%) Broadband
8 1 (0.20%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (10.20%) SQL Server
2 34 (6.80%) MySQL
3 14 (2.80%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (2.20%) NoSQL
5 10 (2.00%) MongoDB
6 8 (1.60%) MariaDB
6 8 (1.60%) RDBMS
6 8 (1.60%) Relational Database
7 7 (1.40%) Redis
8 6 (1.20%) Riak
9 5 (1.00%) Big Data
9 5 (1.00%) Sybase ASE
10 4 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (0.80%) Spotfire
11 3 (0.60%) Amazon RDS
12 2 (0.40%) SQL Server 2017
12 2 (0.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 2 (0.40%) Tableau
13 1 (0.20%) SQL Server 2016
13 1 (0.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 159 (31.80%) Git (software)
2 56 (11.20%) Jenkins
3 52 (10.40%) webpack
4 33 (6.60%) JIRA
5 30 (6.00%) gulp
6 28 (5.60%) Grunt
7 25 (5.00%) Jasmine
7 25 (5.00%) JUnit
8 22 (4.40%) Bitbucket
9 20 (4.00%) Karma Test Runner
10 19 (3.80%) Subversion
11 18 (3.60%) Mockito
12 17 (3.40%) Cypress.io
13 15 (3.00%) Cucumber
13 15 (3.00%) Protractor
14 14 (2.80%) Maven
14 14 (2.80%) Selenium
15 13 (2.60%) Bower
15 13 (2.60%) Storybook
16 12 (2.40%) GitLab
General
1 89 (17.80%) Social Skills
2 80 (16.00%) Finance
3 39 (7.80%) Analytical Skills
4 29 (5.80%) Marketing
5 26 (5.20%) Presentation Skills
6 23 (4.60%) Banking
7 22 (4.40%) Retail
8 19 (3.80%) Public Sector
9 13 (2.60%) Games
10 8 (1.60%) Publishing
10 8 (1.60%) Telecoms
11 6 (1.20%) Law
11 6 (1.20%) Manufacturing
12 5 (1.00%) Organisational Skills
13 4 (0.80%) Advertising
13 4 (0.80%) Aerospace
13 4 (0.80%) Influencing Skills
13 4 (0.80%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.60%) Multimedia
14 3 (0.60%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 398 (79.60%) Developer
2 127 (25.40%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 65 (13.00%) React Developer
4 61 (12.20%) Full Stack Developer
5 55 (11.00%) Senior Developer
6 46 (9.20%) Angular Developer
7 31 (6.20%) Python Developer
8 30 (6.00%) Senior Front-End Developer
9 29 (5.80%) PHP Developer
10 28 (5.60%) UI Developer
11 27 (5.40%) JavaScript Developer
12 24 (4.80%) Backend Developer
13 22 (4.40%) .NET Developer
14 21 (4.20%) Web Developer
15 18 (3.60%) Software Developer
16 15 (3.00%) Java Developer
17 13 (2.60%) Python Engineer
17 13 (2.60%) Senior React Developer
18 12 (2.40%) Lead Developer
19 11 (2.20%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 500 (100.00%) CSS
2 465 (93.00%) HTML
3 446 (89.20%) HTML5
4 253 (50.60%) React
5 181 (36.20%) AngularJS
6 158 (31.60%) Sass
7 142 (28.40%) Node.js
8 80 (16.00%) Redux
9 79 (15.80%) Web Services
10 72 (14.40%) .NET
11 71 (14.20%) RESTful
12 67 (13.40%) jQuery
13 62 (12.40%) Vue.js
14 58 (11.60%) REST
15 53 (10.60%) LESS
16 48 (9.60%) JSON
17 41 (8.20%) Spring
18 40 (8.00%) Laravel
19 38 (7.60%) Jest
20 34 (6.80%) Vuetify.js
Miscellaneous
1 72 (14.40%) User Experience
2 26 (5.20%) Mobile App
3 25 (5.00%) Enterprise Software
4 17 (3.40%) Social Media
5 9 (1.80%) Market Risk
5 9 (1.80%) Virtual Team
6 8 (1.60%) Algorithms
6 8 (1.60%) Data Structures
6 8 (1.60%) W3C
7 6 (1.20%) Greenfield Project
7 6 (1.20%) iPad
7 6 (1.20%) NHS
7 6 (1.20%) N-Tier
8 5 (1.00%) Public Cloud
9 4 (0.80%) Self-Motivation
10 3 (0.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 3 (0.60%) Taxonomies
11 2 (0.40%) Credit Risk
11 2 (0.40%) Data Protection Act
11 2 (0.40%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 39 (7.80%) Linux
2 11 (2.20%) Windows
3 8 (1.60%) Unix
4 3 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 3 (0.60%) Windows Server
5 2 (0.40%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.20%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 223 (44.60%) Agile Software Development
2 183 (36.60%) Front End Development
3 143 (28.60%) DevOps
4 138 (27.60%) Full Stack Development
5 96 (19.20%) Web Development
6 95 (19.00%) Problem-Solving
7 89 (17.80%) Scrum
8 87 (17.40%) TDD
9 67 (13.40%) Microservices
10 58 (11.60%) MVC
11 52 (10.40%) E-Commerce
11 52 (10.40%) Unit Testing
12 47 (9.40%) Software Engineering
12 47 (9.40%) Test Automation
13 40 (8.00%) Mentoring
14 38 (7.60%) Event-Driven
15 37 (7.40%) Continuous Integration
16 36 (7.20%) BDD
17 35 (7.00%) Analytics
17 35 (7.00%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 432 (86.40%) JavaScript
2 159 (31.80%) TypeScript
3 106 (21.20%) Java
4 99 (19.80%) Python
5 93 (18.60%) ES6
6 74 (14.80%) PHP
7 72 (14.40%) C#
8 51 (10.20%) SQL
9 23 (4.60%) Java 8
10 22 (4.40%) Scala
11 18 (3.60%) Java 11
12 15 (3.00%) Kotlin
13 10 (2.00%) ES7
14 8 (1.60%) R
15 7 (1.40%) Go
16 5 (1.00%) Bash Shell
16 5 (1.00%) VB.NET
17 4 (0.80%) PowerShell
17 4 (0.80%) VB
18 3 (0.60%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 27 (5.40%) Degree
2 25 (5.00%) Security Cleared
3 10 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (2.00%) SC Cleared
4 7 (1.40%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.20%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 113 (22.60%) Accessibility
2 17 (3.40%) WCAG
3 11 (2.20%) QA
4 4 (0.80%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.40%) HL7
5 2 (0.40%) WAI
6 1 (0.20%) GDPR
6 1 (0.20%) Section 508
System Software
1 85 (17.00%) Docker
2 8 (1.60%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.80%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.20%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.20%) HDFS
4 1 (0.20%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 29 (5.80%) Kubernetes
2 12 (2.40%) Ansible
3 11 (2.20%) Terraform
4 5 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
4 5 (1.00%) Puppet
5 4 (0.80%) Grafana
5 4 (0.80%) Kibana
6 3 (0.60%) Kubeflow
7 2 (0.40%) Nagios
8 1 (0.20%) MIIS
Vendors
1 45 (9.00%) Adobe
2 31 (6.20%) Microsoft
3 21 (4.20%) Oracle
4 12 (2.40%) hybris
5 7 (1.40%) Google
5 7 (1.40%) Xerox
6 5 (1.00%) SaltStack
6 5 (1.00%) Sybase
7 4 (0.80%) Atlassian
7 4 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.60%) Sitecore
8 3 (0.60%) Splunk
8 3 (0.60%) WooCommerce
9 2 (0.40%) Coveo
9 2 (0.40%) MuleSoft
9 2 (0.40%) Xamarin
10 1 (0.20%) Apple
10 1 (0.20%) SAP
10 1 (0.20%) VMware
10 1 (0.20%) Zend