Period
to 17 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
17 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 94 82 76
Rank change year-on-year -12 -6 -1
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,252 2,535 2,691
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.44% 2.85% 2.71%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.55% 8.96% 9.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,707 1,774 2,087
England median daily rate £425 £415 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +6.41% +4.00%
10th Percentile £290 £300 £263
90th Percentile £588 £575 £538
UK median daily rate £425 £413 £388
% change year-on-year +3.03% +6.45% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 13 19
England median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +53.33% +9.35%
10th Percentile £13.38 £24.15 £20.35
90th Percentile £47.50 £50.00 £37.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £29.00
% change year-on-year -2.17% +58.62% +5.70%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,844 28,289 28,998
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.31% 31.80% 29.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,461 19,670 20,278
England median daily rate £475 £430 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.47% +1.18% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £626 £600 £588
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 324 316 510
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.72
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.32% +10.61%
10th Percentile £18.33 £15.75 £16.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.25 £56.58
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +10.00%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 17 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -36 1,164 £450 +2.86% 395
South East -13 357 £400 +6.67% 160
North of England +22 346 £375 - 225
Midlands +26 234 £340 -9.33% 128
North West +49 182 £350 -2.78% 136
Yorkshire -6 147 £375 -6.25% 70
West Midlands +28 129 £313 -24.24% 56
East Midlands +10 103 £350 +1.08% 72
South West -15 77 £356 +1.79% 68
East of England -6 68 £375 +15.38% 71
North East -2 15 £380 -10.59% 19
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 17 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,252 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,198 (97.60%) HTML
3 2,117 (94.01%) HTML5
4 1,914 (84.99%) JavaScript
5 1,037 (46.05%) Agile Software Development
6 977 (43.38%) AngularJS
7 899 (39.92%) Front End Development
8 717 (31.84%) React
9 700 (31.08%) jQuery
10 658 (29.22%) Git (software)
11 639 (28.37%) Node.js
12 626 (27.80%) TDD
13 574 (25.49%) Sass
14 385 (17.10%) Java
15 377 (16.74%) User Experience
16 373 (16.56%) Web Development
17 372 (16.52%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 359 (15.94%) .NET
19 343 (15.23%) Web Services
20 339 (15.05%) RESTful
21 338 (15.01%) Scrum
22 332 (14.74%) MVC
23 315 (13.99%) C#
24 314 (13.94%) BDD
25 304 (13.50%) Responsive Web Design
26 303 (13.45%) Continuous Integration
27 300 (13.32%) ES6
28 291 (12.92%) OO
29 281 (12.48%) Redux
30 273 (12.12%) REST

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 159 (7.06%) CMS
2 88 (3.91%) Confluence
3 66 (2.93%) Drupal
3 66 (2.93%) WordPress
4 46 (2.04%) Apache
5 40 (1.78%) Umbraco
6 38 (1.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 27 (1.20%) Elasticsearch
7 27 (1.20%) nginx
8 24 (1.07%) WebSphere
9 23 (1.02%) EPiServer
10 22 (0.98%) SharePoint
11 20 (0.89%) Apache Solr
12 16 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 14 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
14 13 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
14 13 (0.58%) Tomcat
15 9 (0.40%) IIS
15 9 (0.40%) Kentico
15 9 (0.40%) uWSGI
Applications
1 123 (5.46%) Photoshop
2 56 (2.49%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 44 (1.95%) Adobe Illustrator
4 28 (1.24%) InVision
5 17 (0.75%) GIMP
5 17 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
6 9 (0.40%) OmniGraffle
7 8 (0.36%) UXPin
8 7 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 5 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
10 4 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
10 4 (0.18%) Fireworks
10 4 (0.18%) MS Visio
11 1 (0.044%) InDesign
11 1 (0.044%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 30 (1.33%) Magento
2 4 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.18%) Shopify
3 3 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
3 3 (0.13%) Unica
4 2 (0.089%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.089%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.089%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.044%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.044%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.044%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 142 (6.31%) Amazon AWS
2 113 (5.02%) npm
3 103 (4.57%) Microsoft Azure
4 52 (2.31%) Serverless
5 48 (2.13%) GitHub
6 36 (1.60%) SaaS
7 31 (1.38%) Google Analytics
8 26 (1.15%) OpenShift
9 15 (0.67%) Office 365
10 14 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
10 14 (0.62%) Amazon S3
11 10 (0.44%) PaaS
12 9 (0.40%) Google Tag Manager
13 8 (0.36%) Adobe Analytics
13 8 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 8 (0.36%) AWS Lambda
13 8 (0.36%) Google Cloud Platform
14 7 (0.31%) Trello
15 6 (0.27%) Yarn
16 5 (0.22%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 50 (2.22%) HTTP
2 31 (1.38%) Internet
3 13 (0.58%) SMS
4 11 (0.49%) Intranet
5 10 (0.44%) SSL
6 8 (0.36%) SMTP
7 5 (0.22%) AMQP
8 4 (0.18%) Skype
9 2 (0.089%) DNS
9 2 (0.089%) Ethernet
9 2 (0.089%) FTP
9 2 (0.089%) NFC
9 2 (0.089%) SSH
9 2 (0.089%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.089%) VPLS
10 1 (0.044%) Extranet
10 1 (0.044%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.044%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.044%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 216 (9.59%) MySQL
2 190 (8.44%) SQL Server
3 110 (4.88%) MongoDB
4 78 (3.46%) NoSQL
5 75 (3.33%) Relational Database
6 70 (3.11%) PostgreSQL
7 31 (1.38%) Apache Cassandra
7 31 (1.38%) Big Data
8 24 (1.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 24 (1.07%) Redis
9 23 (1.02%) SQL Server 2008
9 23 (1.02%) SQL Server 2012
10 15 (0.67%) Oracle Database
10 15 (0.67%) RDBMS
11 13 (0.58%) DB2
12 12 (0.53%) Azure SQL Database
13 11 (0.49%) SQL Server 2014
14 10 (0.44%) Hadoop
14 10 (0.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 9 (0.40%) NewSQL
Development Applications
1 658 (29.22%) Git (software)
2 254 (11.28%) Jenkins
3 234 (10.39%) gulp
4 195 (8.66%) Grunt
5 183 (8.13%) webpack
6 152 (6.75%) JIRA
7 124 (5.51%) Jasmine
8 116 (5.15%) Subversion
9 112 (4.97%) Mocha
10 102 (4.53%) Selenium
11 82 (3.64%) Karma Test Runner
12 70 (3.11%) Visual Studio
13 66 (2.93%) Cucumber
14 62 (2.75%) Babel
15 53 (2.35%) Maven
16 48 (2.13%) JUnit
17 41 (1.82%) Sinon.JS
18 40 (1.78%) Bower
19 37 (1.64%) Team Foundation Server
20 35 (1.55%) Bitbucket
General
1 261 (11.59%) Finance
2 121 (5.37%) Banking
3 116 (5.15%) Marketing
4 97 (4.31%) Retail
5 47 (2.09%) Telecoms
6 28 (1.24%) Games
7 19 (0.84%) Multimedia
7 19 (0.84%) Publishing
8 17 (0.75%) Law
9 15 (0.67%) Front Office
10 13 (0.58%) Advertising
11 11 (0.49%) Manufacturing
12 9 (0.40%) Financial Institution
12 9 (0.40%) Investment Banking
13 8 (0.36%) Legal
14 7 (0.31%) Back Office
15 4 (0.18%) Automotive
15 4 (0.18%) Music Industry
15 4 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,957 (86.90%) Developer
2 781 (34.68%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 459 (20.38%) JavaScript Developer
4 325 (14.43%) React Developer
5 253 (11.23%) Angular Developer
6 204 (9.06%) Full Stack Developer
6 204 (9.06%) HTML Developer
7 181 (8.04%) Senior Developer
8 160 (7.10%) HTML CSS Developer
9 156 (6.93%) UI Developer
10 138 (6.13%) Java Developer
11 133 (5.91%) Node.js Developer
12 128 (5.68%) .NET Developer
13 116 (5.15%) PHP Developer
14 94 (4.17%) Web Developer
15 83 (3.69%) Designer
16 78 (3.46%) C# Developer
17 75 (3.33%) Senior Front-End Developer
18 62 (2.75%) Architect
19 60 (2.66%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,252 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,198 (97.60%) HTML
3 2,117 (94.01%) HTML5
4 977 (43.38%) AngularJS
5 717 (31.84%) React
6 700 (31.08%) jQuery
7 639 (28.37%) Node.js
8 574 (25.49%) Sass
9 372 (16.52%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 359 (15.94%) .NET
11 343 (15.23%) Web Services
12 339 (15.05%) RESTful
13 281 (12.48%) Redux
14 273 (12.12%) REST
15 266 (11.81%) JSON
16 242 (10.75%) LESS
17 219 (9.72%) ASP.NET
18 200 (8.88%) Angular 2
19 196 (8.70%) Ajax
20 156 (6.93%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 377 (16.74%) User Experience
2 161 (7.15%) Greenfield Project
3 117 (5.20%) Mobile App
4 82 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
5 71 (3.15%) Fintech
6 55 (2.44%) Computer Science
7 39 (1.73%) Digital Media
8 27 (1.20%) Social Media
9 25 (1.11%) Virtual Team
10 24 (1.07%) W3C
11 23 (1.02%) e-Learning
12 22 (0.98%) Enterprise Software
13 20 (0.89%) Clustering
14 19 (0.84%) Video\Live Streaming
15 17 (0.75%) Video on Demand
16 15 (0.67%) Fat Client
16 15 (0.67%) Thin Client
17 14 (0.62%) Linux Command Line
18 13 (0.58%) Algorithms
18 13 (0.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 118 (5.24%) Linux
2 61 (2.71%) Apple iOS
3 58 (2.58%) Android
4 31 (1.38%) Windows
5 26 (1.15%) Unix
6 12 (0.53%) Windows Server
7 6 (0.27%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.13%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.13%) VMS
9 2 (0.089%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.044%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.044%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.044%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.044%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,037 (46.05%) Agile Software Development
2 899 (39.92%) Front End Development
3 626 (27.80%) TDD
4 373 (16.56%) Web Development
5 338 (15.01%) Scrum
6 332 (14.74%) MVC
7 314 (13.94%) BDD
8 304 (13.50%) Responsive Web Design
9 303 (13.45%) Continuous Integration
10 291 (12.92%) OO
11 267 (11.86%) Test Automation
12 215 (9.55%) Unit Testing
13 168 (7.46%) E-Commerce
14 159 (7.06%) DevOps
15 153 (6.79%) Microservices
16 131 (5.82%) Continuous Delivery
17 124 (5.51%) User Stories
18 123 (5.46%) Software Engineering
19 119 (5.28%) Open Source
19 119 (5.28%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 1,914 (84.99%) JavaScript
2 385 (17.10%) Java
3 315 (13.99%) C#
4 300 (13.32%) ES6
5 232 (10.30%) PHP
6 207 (9.19%) SQL
7 185 (8.21%) TypeScript
8 106 (4.71%) Python
8 106 (4.71%) Scala
9 95 (4.22%) Ruby
10 47 (2.09%) T-SQL
11 31 (1.38%) C
12 30 (1.33%) ES7
13 23 (1.02%) PL/SQL
14 16 (0.71%) Groovy
15 15 (0.67%) PHP 7
15 15 (0.67%) PowerShell
15 15 (0.67%) VB.NET
16 14 (0.62%) Go
16 14 (0.62%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 85 (3.77%) Degree
2 43 (1.91%) Security Cleared
3 31 (1.38%) SC Cleared
4 24 (1.07%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
6 5 (0.22%) DBS Check
6 5 (0.22%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.089%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.089%) HND
8 2 (0.089%) ISEB
8 2 (0.089%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.044%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (3.20%) QA
2 41 (1.82%) WCAG
3 3 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.13%) WAI
4 2 (0.089%) PMO
4 2 (0.089%) RosettaNet
System Software
1 187 (8.30%) Docker
2 6 (0.27%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.18%) LXC
3 4 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.044%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.044%) HDFS
4 1 (0.044%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.044%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 40 (1.78%) Ansible
2 35 (1.55%) Puppet
3 22 (0.98%) Kubernetes
4 19 (0.84%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (0.62%) Terraform
6 2 (0.089%) Nagios
7 1 (0.044%) Capistrano
7 1 (0.044%) Rancher
7 1 (0.044%) Salt
7 1 (0.044%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 1 (0.044%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 120 (5.33%) Adobe
2 88 (3.91%) Microsoft
3 71 (3.15%) Oracle
4 69 (3.06%) Google
5 23 (1.02%) Zend
6 22 (0.98%) Sitecore
7 21 (0.93%) Capita
8 20 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
9 15 (0.67%) IBM
9 15 (0.67%) Splunk
10 13 (0.58%) Apple
11 11 (0.49%) Atlassian
11 11 (0.49%) Perforce
12 9 (0.40%) Cisco
12 9 (0.40%) Twitter
13 8 (0.36%) ClickTale
13 8 (0.36%) DevExpress
13 8 (0.36%) Optimizely
14 7 (0.31%) Demandware
14 7 (0.31%) ServiceNow