The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 3 months to 28 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK / England
3 months to
28 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 76 73 82
Rank change year-on-year -3 +9  
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1229 1360 1185
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.95% 2.75% 2.42%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.31% 9.75% 8.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 810 1002 838
Median daily rate £400 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.66%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £280 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £528 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £338 £325
% change year-on-year +7.40% +3.84%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 4 4
Median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £27.44
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +344.44% -67.19%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.01 £9.00 £22.21
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £42.50 £91.00 £28.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £17.86
% change year-on-year +344.44% -49.60%  

CSS3 is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 13198 13943 13266
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 31.72% 28.22% 27.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 9161 9785 8712
Median daily rate £425 £410 £398
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.65% +3.14%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £303 £300 £280
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £563 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 172 209 174
Median hourly rate £42.50 £38.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.84% +8.57%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.03 £12.60 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £57.00 £46.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +6.57% +5.55%  

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing CSS3 as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 3 months to 28 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 3 months to 28 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 3 months to 28 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -16 597 £425 - 217
South East +17 241 £375 +11.11% 76
Yorkshire +21 75 £384 +9.64% 41
North West -4 72 £350 -3.44% 80
South West +23 60 £375 +17.18% 31
East Midlands -3 54 £323 +9.78% 54
North East +8 48 £388 -22.50% 5
West Midlands +1 40 £425 +30.76% 53
East of England -4 33 £300 -14.28% 58
Midlands - 3 £350 - 5
CSS3
UK

CSS3
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 28 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2422 (100.00%) CSS
2 2318 (95.71%) HTML
3 2213 (91.37%) HTML5
4 2015 (83.20%) JavaScript
5 1155 (47.69%) Agile Software Development
6 1152 (47.56%) AngularJS
7 886 (36.58%) Front End Development
8 822 (33.94%) jQuery
9 643 (26.55%) React
10 596 (24.61%) Git (software)
11 592 (24.44%) TDD
12 547 (22.58%) Node.js
13 539 (22.25%) Sass
14 515 (21.26%) Java
15 509 (21.02%) User Experience
16 500 (20.64%) Web Development
17 427 (17.63%) Scrum
18 381 (15.73%) MVC
18 381 (15.73%) Ajax
19 380 (15.69%) JSON
20 377 (15.57%) REST
21 367 (15.15%) Finance
22 366 (15.11%) Responsive Web Design
23 356 (14.70%) OO
24 342 (14.12%) C#
25 341 (14.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 299 (12.35%) BDD
27 284 (11.73%) .NET
28 259 (10.69%) LESS
28 259 (10.69%) RESTful

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 151 (6.23%) CMS
2 133 (5.49%) Confluence
3 69 (2.85%) WordPress
4 54 (2.23%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 46 (1.90%) Apache
6 42 (1.73%) EPiServer
6 42 (1.73%) SharePoint
7 35 (1.45%) Drupal
8 30 (1.24%) Umbraco
9 20 (0.83%) Elasticsearch
10 18 (0.74%) WebSphere
11 15 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
12 14 (0.58%) Apache Spark
12 14 (0.58%) JBoss
13 13 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
13 13 (0.54%) Tomcat
14 11 (0.45%) nginx
15 9 (0.37%) SharePoint 2013
15 9 (0.37%) uWSGI
16 8 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 123 (5.08%) Photoshop
2 37 (1.53%) Adobe Illustrator
3 32 (1.32%) MS Excel
4 28 (1.16%) OmniGraffle
5 26 (1.07%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 10 (0.41%) InVision
7 9 (0.37%) GIMP
7 9 (0.37%) MS Visio
8 8 (0.33%) InDesign
9 6 (0.25%) HipChat
10 5 (0.21%) MS PowerPoint
11 4 (0.17%) UXPin
12 3 (0.12%) Fireworks
12 3 (0.12%) MS Office
13 2 (0.083%) Chatbot
13 2 (0.083%) MS Project
Business Applications
1 27 (1.11%) Magento
2 15 (0.62%) Dynamics AX
3 9 (0.37%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 6 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.17%) SDL Web 8
6 2 (0.083%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.083%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.041%) Radian6
7 1 (0.041%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 121 (5.00%) Amazon AWS
2 76 (3.14%) Microsoft Azure
3 72 (2.97%) GitHub
4 25 (1.03%) Google Analytics
5 21 (0.87%) Google Cloud Platform
6 19 (0.78%) IaaS
7 18 (0.74%) SaaS
8 17 (0.70%) PaaS
9 13 (0.54%) Adobe Analytics
10 8 (0.33%) Loggly
10 8 (0.33%) OpenShift
10 8 (0.33%) Sumo Logic
11 7 (0.29%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (0.29%) CloudBees
11 7 (0.29%) Slack
12 6 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 5 (0.21%) Amazon S3
13 5 (0.21%) Basecamp
14 4 (0.17%) Amazon EC2
14 4 (0.17%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 122 (5.04%) HTTP
2 28 (1.16%) Internet
3 16 (0.66%) DNS
3 16 (0.66%) Network Security
4 15 (0.62%) Extranet
5 12 (0.50%) Intranet
5 12 (0.50%) SSL
6 8 (0.33%) LDAP
7 4 (0.17%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.083%) CTI
8 2 (0.083%) SMTP
9 1 (0.041%) MVNO
9 1 (0.041%) Reverse Proxy
9 1 (0.041%) Skype
9 1 (0.041%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.041%) Unified Communications
9 1 (0.041%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 177 (7.31%) MySQL
2 146 (6.03%) MongoDB
3 129 (5.33%) SQL Server
4 118 (4.87%) NoSQL
5 115 (4.75%) Relational Database
6 111 (4.58%) PostgreSQL
7 73 (3.01%) Apache Cassandra
8 43 (1.78%) Big Data
8 43 (1.78%) Hadoop
9 35 (1.45%) HBase
10 31 (1.28%) Redis
11 27 (1.11%) Oracle Database
12 15 (0.62%) RDBMS
13 12 (0.50%) Power BI
13 12 (0.50%) SQL Server 2008
14 9 (0.37%) DB2
15 7 (0.29%) Riak
16 6 (0.25%) SQL Server 2012
16 6 (0.25%) SQLite
17 5 (0.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 596 (24.61%) Git (software)
2 245 (10.12%) Grunt
3 220 (9.08%) Jasmine
4 213 (8.79%) gulp
5 208 (8.59%) JIRA
6 202 (8.34%) Jenkins
7 158 (6.52%) Subversion
8 128 (5.28%) Mocha
9 122 (5.04%) webpack
10 112 (4.62%) JUnit
10 112 (4.62%) Karma Test Runner
11 105 (4.34%) Selenium
12 96 (3.96%) Maven
13 91 (3.76%) Cucumber
14 71 (2.93%) TeamCity
15 60 (2.48%) Team Foundation Server
16 58 (2.39%) Bower
16 58 (2.39%) Protractor
17 56 (2.31%) Axure RP
18 47 (1.94%) Visual Studio
General
1 367 (15.15%) Finance
2 238 (9.83%) Banking
3 105 (4.34%) Retail
4 88 (3.63%) Marketing
5 47 (1.94%) Investment Banking
6 45 (1.86%) Games
7 32 (1.32%) Front Office
8 30 (1.24%) Advertising
9 25 (1.03%) Telecoms
10 23 (0.95%) Manufacturing
11 21 (0.87%) Legal
11 21 (0.87%) Publishing
12 15 (0.62%) Electronics
13 13 (0.54%) Financial Institution
14 11 (0.45%) Retail Banking
15 8 (0.33%) Automotive
16 6 (0.25%) Back Office
16 6 (0.25%) Czech Language
17 5 (0.21%) Multimedia
18 4 (0.17%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 2128 (87.86%) Developer
2 833 (34.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 659 (27.21%) JavaScript Developer
4 338 (13.96%) HTML Developer
5 297 (12.26%) Angular Developer
6 291 (12.01%) HTML CSS Developer
7 247 (10.20%) UI Developer
8 233 (9.62%) Web Developer
9 178 (7.35%) Senior Developer
10 177 (7.31%) Java Developer
11 130 (5.37%) .NET Developer
12 115 (4.75%) Full Stack Developer
13 101 (4.17%) Architect
14 92 (3.80%) C# Developer
15 90 (3.72%) Node.js Developer
16 86 (3.55%) Designer
17 82 (3.39%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 67 (2.77%) C# .NET Developer
18 67 (2.77%) Lead Developer
19 65 (2.68%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2422 (100.00%) CSS
2 2318 (95.71%) HTML
3 2213 (91.37%) HTML5
4 1152 (47.56%) AngularJS
5 822 (33.94%) jQuery
6 643 (26.55%) React
7 547 (22.58%) Node.js
8 539 (22.25%) Sass
9 381 (15.73%) Ajax
10 380 (15.69%) JSON
11 377 (15.57%) REST
12 341 (14.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 284 (11.73%) .NET
14 259 (10.69%) LESS
14 259 (10.69%) RESTful
15 244 (10.07%) Spring
16 234 (9.66%) Web Services
17 172 (7.10%) XML
18 171 (7.06%) Redux
19 169 (6.98%) Backbone.js
Miscellaneous
1 509 (21.02%) User Experience
2 103 (4.25%) Mobile App
3 82 (3.39%) Analytical Skills
4 66 (2.73%) Computer Science
5 50 (2.06%) W3C
6 44 (1.82%) Fintech
7 42 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
8 30 (1.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 30 (1.24%) Virtual Team
9 20 (0.83%) Graphic Design
10 17 (0.70%) Equities
11 15 (0.62%) Animation
12 14 (0.58%) iPad
13 13 (0.54%) Online Banking
14 12 (0.50%) Digital Media
15 11 (0.45%) Management Information System
15 11 (0.45%) Social Media
16 10 (0.41%) Fixed Income
17 9 (0.37%) Derivative
17 9 (0.37%) STB
Operating Systems
1 153 (6.32%) Linux
2 58 (2.39%) Unix
3 50 (2.06%) Apple iOS
4 44 (1.82%) Android
5 32 (1.32%) Windows
6 8 (0.33%) webOS
6 8 (0.33%) Windows Phone
6 8 (0.33%) Windows Phone 7
7 5 (0.21%) CoreOS
7 5 (0.21%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.12%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.12%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.041%) CentOS
9 1 (0.041%) Debian
9 1 (0.041%) Fedora
9 1 (0.041%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.041%) Solaris
9 1 (0.041%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.041%) Windows Mobile
9 1 (0.041%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1155 (47.69%) Agile Software Development
2 886 (36.58%) Front End Development
3 592 (24.44%) TDD
4 500 (20.64%) Web Development
5 427 (17.63%) Scrum
6 381 (15.73%) MVC
7 366 (15.11%) Responsive Web Design
8 356 (14.70%) OO
9 299 (12.35%) BDD
10 234 (9.66%) Continuous Integration
11 199 (8.22%) Web Design
12 194 (8.01%) Open Source
13 182 (7.51%) E-Commerce
14 152 (6.28%) Wireframes
15 149 (6.15%) Software Engineering
16 146 (6.03%) Unit Testing
17 115 (4.75%) Microservices
18 113 (4.67%) Prototyping
19 111 (4.58%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
20 110 (4.54%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 2015 (83.20%) JavaScript
2 515 (21.26%) Java
3 342 (14.12%) C#
4 223 (9.21%) PHP
5 193 (7.97%) Ruby
6 173 (7.14%) ES6
7 171 (7.06%) SQL
8 154 (6.36%) Python
9 144 (5.95%) Scala
10 62 (2.56%) TypeScript
11 29 (1.20%) Shell Script
12 28 (1.16%) XPath
13 25 (1.03%) ECMAScript
14 23 (0.95%) Korn
14 23 (0.95%) Objective-C
15 18 (0.74%) Apple Swift
15 18 (0.74%) PowerShell
15 18 (0.74%) T-SQL
16 17 (0.70%) Groovy
17 11 (0.45%) X++
Qualifications
1 127 (5.24%) Degree
2 71 (2.93%) Security Cleared
3 59 (2.44%) SC Cleared
4 16 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
5 10 (0.41%) DV Cleared
6 9 (0.37%) BC Cleared
7 6 (0.25%) MBA
8 3 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
9 2 (0.083%) CISA
9 2 (0.083%) CISM
9 2 (0.083%) CISSP
9 2 (0.083%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.041%) MCSD
10 1 (0.041%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (2.11%) QA
2 16 (0.66%) FATCA
2 16 (0.66%) WCAG
3 15 (0.62%) WAI
4 9 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.083%) FedRAMP
5 2 (0.083%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.083%) PMO
6 1 (0.041%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.041%) EMIR
6 1 (0.041%) MiFID
6 1 (0.041%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.041%) SDET
System Software
1 77 (3.18%) Docker
2 11 (0.45%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.37%) LXC
4 6 (0.25%) HDFS
5 5 (0.21%) VirtualBox
5 5 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.12%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.041%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 36 (1.49%) Puppet
2 26 (1.07%) Opscode Chef
3 23 (0.95%) Ansible
4 16 (0.66%) Kubernetes
5 13 (0.54%) Nagios
6 10 (0.41%) Kibana
6 10 (0.41%) Salt
7 8 (0.33%) ZABBIX
8 6 (0.25%) Terraform
9 5 (0.21%) Capistrano
9 5 (0.21%) WMI
10 4 (0.17%) logstash
11 2 (0.083%) TeamSite
12 1 (0.041%) cPanel
12 1 (0.041%) Oozie
Vendors
1 142 (5.86%) Google
2 112 (4.62%) Adobe
3 81 (3.34%) Microsoft
4 77 (3.18%) Oracle
5 24 (0.99%) SAP
5 24 (0.99%) Sitecore
6 23 (0.95%) Solace
7 22 (0.91%) Zend
8 18 (0.74%) Twitter
9 17 (0.70%) MuleSoft
10 14 (0.58%) Apple
10 14 (0.58%) Hortonworks
10 14 (0.58%) New Relic
10 14 (0.58%) Splunk
11 12 (0.50%) Perforce
12 11 (0.45%) ClickTale
13 10 (0.41%) Rackspace
13 10 (0.41%) SaltStack
14 7 (0.29%) Ensighten
14 7 (0.29%) hybris
West Midlands
Oscar
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
East Sussex
Oscar
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Client Server
Rate: £475 - £500 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
Engage PSG
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
West Midlands
Oscar
Rate: £175 - £300 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Southampton, Hampshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £370 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
Leicestershire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £330 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Northamptonshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £320 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £351 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Talent International
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £40 - £50 per hour
Posted: 20 hours ago
West London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Bridge Noble
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Talent Point Ltd
Rate: £300.00 - £375.00 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
West Midlands
Oscar
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Ripley, Derbyshire
Syntax Consultancy Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £320 per day 300-320/day (DOE)
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £365 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
Whitby Munn
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West Midlands
Oscar
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Basingstoke, Hampshire
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £190 to £210 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leicestershire
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: Market rate
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400-£500 and £550-£600
Posted: 5 days ago