Period
to 25 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 25 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
25 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 158 97 86
Rank change year-on-year -61 -11 -9
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1,503 2,316 2,316
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.73% 2.50% 2.74%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.22% 7.56% 8.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,102 1,715 1,568
England median daily rate £450 £425 £404
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +5.33% +0.88%
10th Percentile £304 £294 £290
90th Percentile £593 £588 £550
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 10 13
England median hourly rate £41.50 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.78% +12.50% +31.15%
10th Percentile £19.17 £13.38 £20.10
90th Percentile £53.75 £47.75 £47.30
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -50.00% +12.50% +33.33%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 28,771 30,623 26,871
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.10% 33.08% 31.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,384 21,725 18,648
England median daily rate £500 £475 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +7.95% +3.53%
10th Percentile £335 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £625 £606
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £433
% change year-on-year +2.63% +9.83% +1.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 316 335
England median hourly rate £43.50 £41.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.10% - +5.81%
10th Percentile £18.50 £17.13 £17.70
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.75 £53.25
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.50
% change year-on-year +3.66% +1.23% +4.52%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 25 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 25 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 25 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -42 809 £488 +2.63% 83
South East -73 228 £425 +5.26% 48
North of England -66 200 £400 +3.90% 59
Midlands -57 125 £400 +14.29% 31
North West -59 100 £400 +2.43% 34
South West -26 92 £425 +11.84% 27
Yorkshire -47 67 £400 +6.67% 16
West Midlands -55 61 £400 +23.08% 16
East Midlands -21 60 £400 +6.67% 15
East of England -1 44 £425 +6.25% 18
North East +24 33 £400 +6.67% 9
South Coast - 2 - -
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 25 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,503 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,471 (97.87%) HTML
3 1,369 (91.08%) HTML5
4 1,213 (80.71%) JavaScript
5 757 (50.37%) Agile Software Development
6 669 (44.51%) AngularJS
7 583 (38.79%) Front End Development
8 518 (34.46%) Git (software)
9 501 (33.33%) React
10 494 (32.87%) Node.js
11 408 (27.15%) TDD
12 404 (26.88%) jQuery
13 394 (26.21%) Sass
14 328 (21.82%) Java
15 310 (20.63%) .NET
16 303 (20.16%) Scrum
17 301 (20.03%) User Experience
18 293 (19.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 282 (18.76%) Web Development
20 265 (17.63%) C#
20 265 (17.63%) ES6
21 257 (17.10%) MVC
22 232 (15.44%) TypeScript
23 215 (14.30%) REST
24 201 (13.37%) RESTful
25 195 (12.97%) DevOps
26 194 (12.91%) Web Services
27 193 (12.84%) Responsive Web Design
28 189 (12.57%) Microservices
29 188 (12.51%) SQL

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (8.12%) CMS
2 58 (3.86%) Drupal
3 48 (3.19%) Confluence
4 38 (2.53%) Apache
4 38 (2.53%) WordPress
5 26 (1.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 26 (1.73%) Elasticsearch
6 23 (1.53%) SharePoint
7 20 (1.33%) Apache Solr
7 20 (1.33%) Tomcat
8 16 (1.06%) JBoss
8 16 (1.06%) WebSphere
9 14 (0.93%) Magnolia
10 13 (0.86%) EPiServer
11 12 (0.80%) IIS
11 12 (0.80%) Umbraco
11 12 (0.80%) WebLogic
12 11 (0.73%) SharePoint 2013
13 10 (0.67%) nginx
14 7 (0.47%) Liferay
Applications
1 90 (5.99%) Photoshop
2 31 (2.06%) Adobe Illustrator
3 22 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
4 10 (0.67%) InVision
5 9 (0.60%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 8 (0.53%) Fireworks
7 5 (0.33%) OmniGraffle
8 4 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.27%) UXPin
9 2 (0.13%) GIMP
10 1 (0.067%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.067%) CATIA
10 1 (0.067%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.067%) InDesign
10 1 (0.067%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 16 (1.06%) Magento
2 4 (0.27%) Revive Adserver
3 3 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.20%) Shopify
4 2 (0.13%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.13%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.067%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.067%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.067%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 168 (11.18%) Microsoft Azure
2 132 (8.78%) Amazon AWS
3 76 (5.06%) GitHub
4 62 (4.13%) npm
5 35 (2.33%) PaaS
6 27 (1.80%) AWS Lambda
6 27 (1.80%) Serverless
7 26 (1.73%) SaaS
8 25 (1.66%) Google Analytics
8 25 (1.66%) OpenShift
9 20 (1.33%) IaaS
10 18 (1.20%) Google Cloud Platform
11 16 (1.06%) AWS CloudFormation
12 15 (1.00%) Amazon Kinesis
13 14 (0.93%) Adobe Analytics
14 11 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
14 11 (0.73%) Azure Active Directory
15 10 (0.67%) Amazon EC2
15 10 (0.67%) Amazon S3
16 6 (0.40%) Veeva
Communications & Networking
1 34 (2.26%) HTTP
2 10 (0.67%) Internet
3 3 (0.20%) Firewall
3 3 (0.20%) IMAP
3 3 (0.20%) NFC
3 3 (0.20%) SMTP
3 3 (0.20%) SNMP
3 3 (0.20%) SSH
3 3 (0.20%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.13%) Intranet
4 2 (0.13%) Kerberos
4 2 (0.13%) Network Security
4 2 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
4 2 (0.13%) Skype
5 1 (0.067%) DSL
5 1 (0.067%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 178 (11.84%) SQL Server
2 128 (8.52%) MySQL
3 97 (6.45%) MongoDB
4 77 (5.12%) NoSQL
5 74 (4.92%) Relational Database
6 38 (2.53%) PostgreSQL
6 38 (2.53%) Redis
7 32 (2.13%) Apache Cassandra
8 24 (1.60%) RavenDB
9 22 (1.46%) DB2
10 21 (1.40%) RDBMS
11 20 (1.33%) SQL Server 2012
12 19 (1.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 15 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 15 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
14 14 (0.93%) Hadoop
15 13 (0.86%) SQL Server 2014
16 10 (0.67%) Couchbase
17 9 (0.60%) SQL Server 2016
18 8 (0.53%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 518 (34.46%) Git (software)
2 182 (12.11%) Jenkins
3 155 (10.31%) Grunt
4 138 (9.18%) gulp
5 118 (7.85%) Jasmine
6 107 (7.12%) webpack
7 98 (6.52%) JIRA
8 84 (5.59%) Visual Studio
9 83 (5.52%) Karma Test Runner
10 73 (4.86%) Subversion
11 65 (4.32%) Maven
12 62 (4.13%) Selenium
13 51 (3.39%) Team Foundation Server
14 49 (3.26%) Mocha
15 48 (3.19%) Mercurial
16 42 (2.79%) Cucumber
17 40 (2.66%) GitLab
18 37 (2.46%) Gradle
18 37 (2.46%) SonarQube
19 31 (2.06%) Protractor
General
1 175 (11.64%) Finance
2 81 (5.39%) Banking
3 60 (3.99%) Marketing
4 54 (3.59%) Retail
5 25 (1.66%) Front Office
6 21 (1.40%) Publishing
7 20 (1.33%) Telecoms
8 11 (0.73%) Pharmaceutical
9 10 (0.67%) Games
9 10 (0.67%) Law
10 9 (0.60%) Investment Banking
10 9 (0.60%) Legal
10 9 (0.60%) Manufacturing
11 7 (0.47%) French Language
12 6 (0.40%) Electronics
13 5 (0.33%) Advertising
14 3 (0.20%) Back Office
14 3 (0.20%) Multimedia
15 2 (0.13%) Local Government
16 1 (0.067%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 1,338 (89.02%) Developer
2 410 (27.28%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 257 (17.10%) JavaScript Developer
4 244 (16.23%) React Developer
5 226 (15.04%) Full Stack Developer
6 160 (10.65%) Angular Developer
7 120 (7.98%) .NET Developer
8 110 (7.32%) Senior Developer
9 105 (6.99%) Java Developer
10 94 (6.25%) UI Developer
11 77 (5.12%) HTML Developer
12 76 (5.06%) Node.js Developer
13 63 (4.19%) Web Developer
14 61 (4.06%) HTML CSS Developer
15 59 (3.93%) C# Developer
16 44 (2.93%) PHP Developer
17 43 (2.86%) Designer
18 39 (2.59%) C# .NET Developer
19 29 (1.93%) Drupal Developer
19 29 (1.93%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,503 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,471 (97.87%) HTML
3 1,369 (91.08%) HTML5
4 669 (44.51%) AngularJS
5 501 (33.33%) React
6 494 (32.87%) Node.js
7 404 (26.88%) jQuery
8 394 (26.21%) Sass
9 310 (20.63%) .NET
10 293 (19.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 215 (14.30%) REST
12 201 (13.37%) RESTful
13 194 (12.91%) Web Services
14 184 (12.24%) Redux
15 174 (11.58%) Spring
16 167 (11.11%) ASP.NET
17 163 (10.84%) Ajax
18 160 (10.65%) JSON
19 150 (9.98%) LESS
20 112 (7.45%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 301 (20.03%) User Experience
2 129 (8.58%) Analytical Skills
3 113 (7.52%) Mobile App
4 108 (7.19%) Greenfield Project
5 41 (2.73%) Fintech
6 24 (1.60%) Virtual Team
7 23 (1.53%) Social Media
7 23 (1.53%) W3C
8 21 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
8 21 (1.40%) Fat Client
8 21 (1.40%) Thin Client
9 20 (1.33%) Clustering
10 16 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
11 15 (1.00%) Robotics
12 14 (0.93%) Algorithms
13 13 (0.86%) Semantic Web
14 12 (0.80%) NHS
15 11 (0.73%) Data Structures
15 11 (0.73%) Video\Live Streaming
16 10 (0.67%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 96 (6.39%) Linux
2 37 (2.46%) Unix
3 29 (1.93%) Android
4 26 (1.73%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.46%) Windows
6 10 (0.67%) Ubuntu
6 10 (0.67%) VMS
7 3 (0.20%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.13%) CentOS
8 2 (0.13%) Debian
8 2 (0.13%) Gentoo
8 2 (0.13%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.067%) AIX
9 1 (0.067%) tvOS
9 1 (0.067%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 757 (50.37%) Agile Software Development
2 583 (38.79%) Front End Development
3 408 (27.15%) TDD
4 303 (20.16%) Scrum
5 282 (18.76%) Web Development
6 257 (17.10%) MVC
7 195 (12.97%) DevOps
8 193 (12.84%) Responsive Web Design
9 189 (12.57%) Microservices
10 185 (12.31%) BDD
10 185 (12.31%) Test Automation
11 159 (10.58%) Continuous Integration
12 151 (10.05%) OO
13 127 (8.45%) Unit Testing
14 102 (6.79%) E-Commerce
15 94 (6.25%) Problem-Solving
16 89 (5.92%) Software Engineering
17 86 (5.72%) Open Source
18 71 (4.72%) User Stories
19 68 (4.52%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1,213 (80.71%) JavaScript
2 328 (21.82%) Java
3 265 (17.63%) C#
3 265 (17.63%) ES6
4 232 (15.44%) TypeScript
5 188 (12.51%) SQL
6 134 (8.92%) PHP
7 53 (3.53%) Java 8
8 47 (3.13%) Python
9 43 (2.86%) Scala
10 39 (2.59%) T-SQL
11 36 (2.40%) ES7
12 34 (2.26%) PL/SQL
13 24 (1.60%) Ruby
14 16 (1.06%) Groovy
14 16 (1.06%) Perl
14 16 (1.06%) Shell Script
15 14 (0.93%) PowerShell
16 10 (0.67%) Bash Shell
17 9 (0.60%) C
Qualifications
1 95 (6.32%) Degree
2 59 (3.93%) Security Cleared
3 46 (3.06%) SC Cleared
4 27 (1.80%) Numerate Degree
5 17 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (1.00%) DBS Check
7 9 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.067%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.067%) HND
8 1 (0.067%) MBA
8 1 (0.067%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (4.39%) QA
2 29 (1.93%) WCAG
3 8 (0.53%) WAI
4 3 (0.20%) GDPR
5 2 (0.13%) PMO
System Software
1 106 (7.05%) Docker
2 16 (1.06%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.20%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.067%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 55 (3.66%) Kubernetes
2 27 (1.80%) Puppet
3 25 (1.66%) Ansible
4 9 (0.60%) Terraform
5 5 (0.33%) Kibana
6 4 (0.27%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.20%) Consul
7 3 (0.20%) Grafana
7 3 (0.20%) Graphite
7 3 (0.20%) logstash
7 3 (0.20%) ZABBIX
8 2 (0.13%) HAProxy
9 1 (0.067%) Packer
9 1 (0.067%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 98 (6.52%) Microsoft
2 92 (6.12%) Adobe
2 92 (6.12%) Oracle
3 59 (3.93%) Google
4 15 (1.00%) Atlassian
5 13 (0.86%) Pega
5 13 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
6 12 (0.80%) Informatica
6 12 (0.80%) webMethods
7 11 (0.73%) BEA
8 10 (0.67%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 10 (0.67%) Perforce
9 9 (0.60%) Zend
10 8 (0.53%) Apple
10 8 (0.53%) Sitecore
11 7 (0.47%) Optimizely
12 6 (0.40%) IBM
12 6 (0.40%) Yahoo!
13 5 (0.33%) Red Hat
13 5 (0.33%) SAP