Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 111 89 73
Rank change year-on-year -22 -16 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,195 2,512 3,042
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.33% 2.75% 3.08%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.58% 8.48% 10.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,565 1,892 2,247
England median daily rate £425 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% +10.00%
10th Percentile £300 £289 £297
90th Percentile £575 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £420 £408
% change year-on-year +1.19% +3.00% +8.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 11 14
England median hourly rate £42.50 £33.44 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +27.09% -22.23% +98.71%
10th Percentile £14.10 £12.50 £25.76
90th Percentile £51.00 £47.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £33.44 £43.00
% change year-on-year +27.09% -22.23% +98.71%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,353 29,610 30,409
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.37% 32.44% 30.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,706 20,918 21,316
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 311 364 360
England median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +1.24%
10th Percentile £15.75 £18.83 £13.50
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +0.13%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -22 1,155 £465 +0.81% 288
South East -3 367 £400 +6.67% 164
North of England -48 243 £375 - 183
Midlands -20 239 £375 +10.29% 137
West Midlands -22 120 £388 +10.71% 66
East Midlands -11 119 £365 +7.22% 71
Yorkshire -30 112 £388 +3.40% 52
North West -46 105 £363 -3.33% 114
South West -2 96 £400 +18.52% 84
East of England -12 87 £375 +4.17% 67
North East +8 26 £395 -14.59% 17
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,195 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,131 (97.08%) HTML
3 1,994 (90.84%) HTML5
4 1,891 (86.15%) JavaScript
5 1,079 (49.16%) Agile Software Development
6 942 (42.92%) AngularJS
7 846 (38.54%) Front End Development
8 741 (33.76%) React
9 630 (28.70%) Git (software)
10 608 (27.70%) Sass
11 605 (27.56%) Node.js
12 600 (27.33%) jQuery
13 575 (26.20%) TDD
14 471 (21.46%) User Experience
15 395 (18.00%) Java
16 383 (17.45%) Scrum
17 357 (16.26%) MVC
18 346 (15.76%) Web Development
19 324 (14.76%) Redux
20 305 (13.90%) C#
21 297 (13.53%) .NET
22 295 (13.44%) ES6
23 286 (13.03%) OO
24 285 (12.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
25 278 (12.67%) Test Automation
26 269 (12.26%) REST
27 267 (12.16%) Responsive Web Design
28 265 (12.07%) Unit Testing
29 260 (11.85%) JSON
30 254 (11.57%) RESTful

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (6.15%) CMS
2 110 (5.01%) Confluence
3 79 (3.60%) WordPress
4 46 (2.10%) Drupal
5 30 (1.37%) WebSphere
6 27 (1.23%) Tomcat
7 24 (1.09%) Apache
7 24 (1.09%) IIS
8 23 (1.05%) Umbraco
9 22 (1.00%) SharePoint
10 19 (0.87%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 19 (0.87%) EPiServer
10 19 (0.87%) Sitecore CMS
11 16 (0.73%) Commerce Server
12 14 (0.64%) nginx
13 12 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 11 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
15 10 (0.46%) Elasticsearch
16 9 (0.41%) Liferay
16 9 (0.41%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 123 (5.60%) Photoshop
2 27 (1.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 24 (1.09%) Adobe Illustrator
4 18 (0.82%) GIMP
5 17 (0.77%) InVision
6 16 (0.73%) Fireworks
7 12 (0.55%) OmniGraffle
8 5 (0.23%) InDesign
8 5 (0.23%) MS Visio
9 4 (0.18%) UXPin
10 3 (0.14%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.091%) Microsoft Office
12 1 (0.046%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.046%) Microsoft Excel
12 1 (0.046%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 1 (0.046%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.046%) SketchUp
12 1 (0.046%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 30 (1.37%) Magento
2 17 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.14%) Unica
5 2 (0.091%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.091%) Shopify
6 1 (0.046%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.046%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.046%) LatentZero
6 1 (0.046%) Minerva
6 1 (0.046%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.046%) OpenCart
6 1 (0.046%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.046%) Tesseract
6 1 (0.046%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 173 (7.88%) Amazon AWS
2 124 (5.65%) npm
3 119 (5.42%) Microsoft Azure
4 73 (3.33%) GitHub
5 52 (2.37%) Serverless
6 35 (1.59%) SaaS
7 30 (1.37%) AWS Lambda
8 25 (1.14%) Google Cloud Platform
9 21 (0.96%) Amazon EC2
10 19 (0.87%) Dynamics 365
11 13 (0.59%) AWS CloudFormation
11 13 (0.59%) BrowserStack
12 12 (0.55%) Amazon Kinesis
12 12 (0.55%) Google Analytics
13 11 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
14 8 (0.36%) Adobe Analytics
14 8 (0.36%) Basecamp
14 8 (0.36%) PaaS
15 7 (0.32%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
15 7 (0.32%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 84 (3.83%) HTTP
2 41 (1.87%) Internet
3 8 (0.36%) Reverse Proxy
4 6 (0.27%) SMS
5 5 (0.23%) Intranet
6 4 (0.18%) SSL
7 3 (0.14%) FTP
8 2 (0.091%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.091%) SSH
8 2 (0.091%) VoIP
9 1 (0.046%) Broadband
9 1 (0.046%) DSL
9 1 (0.046%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 218 (9.93%) MySQL
2 157 (7.15%) SQL Server
3 122 (5.56%) NoSQL
4 100 (4.56%) Relational Database
5 87 (3.96%) MongoDB
6 56 (2.55%) PostgreSQL
7 40 (1.82%) Apache Cassandra
8 38 (1.73%) RDBMS
9 32 (1.46%) SQL Server 2012
10 29 (1.32%) Redis
11 23 (1.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 19 (0.87%) Oracle Database
13 17 (0.77%) SQL Server 2008
14 16 (0.73%) Azure SQL Database
14 16 (0.73%) Big Data
15 15 (0.68%) Blockchain
16 13 (0.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 12 (0.55%) Data Warehouse
17 12 (0.55%) SQL Server 2014
17 12 (0.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 630 (28.70%) Git (software)
2 226 (10.30%) gulp
3 200 (9.11%) webpack
4 191 (8.70%) JIRA
5 184 (8.38%) Grunt
6 177 (8.06%) Jenkins
7 170 (7.74%) Jasmine
8 115 (5.24%) Karma Test Runner
9 100 (4.56%) Selenium
10 89 (4.05%) Subversion
11 84 (3.83%) Mocha
12 79 (3.60%) Team Foundation Server
13 64 (2.92%) Protractor
13 64 (2.92%) Visual Studio
14 62 (2.82%) Babel
15 59 (2.69%) Axure RP
16 50 (2.28%) TeamCity
17 42 (1.91%) Gradle
17 42 (1.91%) Maven
18 41 (1.87%) JUnit
General
1 254 (11.57%) Finance
2 172 (7.84%) Retail
3 112 (5.10%) Banking
4 73 (3.33%) Marketing
5 32 (1.46%) Games
6 24 (1.09%) Telecoms
7 23 (1.05%) Advertising
8 20 (0.91%) Investment Banking
9 17 (0.77%) Legal
10 15 (0.68%) Publishing
11 11 (0.50%) Back Office
11 11 (0.50%) Law
12 10 (0.46%) Interactive Media
13 8 (0.36%) Electronics
13 8 (0.36%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.27%) Music Industry
15 4 (0.18%) Front Office
15 4 (0.18%) Multimedia
16 3 (0.14%) Aerospace
16 3 (0.14%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,960 (89.29%) Developer
2 692 (31.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 375 (17.08%) JavaScript Developer
4 352 (16.04%) React Developer
5 243 (11.07%) Angular Developer
6 200 (9.11%) UI Developer
7 185 (8.43%) Full Stack Developer
8 165 (7.52%) Senior Developer
9 155 (7.06%) Java Developer
10 139 (6.33%) HTML Developer
11 127 (5.79%) HTML CSS Developer
12 123 (5.60%) .NET Developer
13 116 (5.28%) Web Developer
14 101 (4.60%) PHP Developer
15 94 (4.28%) C# Developer
16 79 (3.60%) Designer
17 75 (3.42%) Node.js Developer
18 73 (3.33%) Lead Developer
19 58 (2.64%) C# .NET Developer
20 53 (2.41%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,195 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,131 (97.08%) HTML
3 1,994 (90.84%) HTML5
4 942 (42.92%) AngularJS
5 741 (33.76%) React
6 608 (27.70%) Sass
7 605 (27.56%) Node.js
8 600 (27.33%) jQuery
9 324 (14.76%) Redux
10 297 (13.53%) .NET
11 285 (12.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 269 (12.26%) REST
13 260 (11.85%) JSON
14 254 (11.57%) RESTful
15 241 (10.98%) Ajax
16 222 (10.11%) LESS
17 211 (9.61%) Web Services
18 180 (8.20%) ASP.NET
19 174 (7.93%) Angular 2
20 141 (6.42%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 471 (21.46%) User Experience
2 168 (7.65%) Greenfield Project
3 118 (5.38%) Mobile App
4 61 (2.78%) Fintech
5 60 (2.73%) Analytical Skills
6 55 (2.51%) W3C
7 43 (1.96%) Computer Science
8 31 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
9 24 (1.09%) Data Structures
10 19 (0.87%) Algorithms
11 14 (0.64%) iPad
11 14 (0.64%) iPhone
11 14 (0.64%) Linux Command Line
11 14 (0.64%) Social Media
12 13 (0.59%) Self-Motivation
13 12 (0.55%) Public Cloud
14 11 (0.50%) N-Tier
15 10 (0.46%) NHS
16 9 (0.41%) RIA
17 8 (0.36%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 95 (4.33%) Android
1 95 (4.33%) Linux
2 88 (4.01%) Apple iOS
3 49 (2.23%) Unix
4 28 (1.28%) Windows
5 15 (0.68%) VMS
6 4 (0.18%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.14%) CentOS
8 1 (0.046%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.046%) Windows Phone
8 1 (0.046%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,079 (49.16%) Agile Software Development
2 846 (38.54%) Front End Development
3 575 (26.20%) TDD
4 383 (17.45%) Scrum
5 357 (16.26%) MVC
6 346 (15.76%) Web Development
7 286 (13.03%) OO
8 278 (12.67%) Test Automation
9 267 (12.16%) Responsive Web Design
10 265 (12.07%) Unit Testing
11 239 (10.89%) BDD
11 239 (10.89%) Continuous Integration
12 202 (9.20%) E-Commerce
13 194 (8.84%) DevOps
14 191 (8.70%) Microservices
15 145 (6.61%) Web Design
16 135 (6.15%) OOP
17 132 (6.01%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 125 (5.69%) Open Source
18 125 (5.69%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,891 (86.15%) JavaScript
2 395 (18.00%) Java
3 305 (13.90%) C#
4 295 (13.44%) ES6
5 234 (10.66%) TypeScript
6 213 (9.70%) SQL
7 206 (9.38%) PHP
8 110 (5.01%) Python
9 74 (3.37%) Scala
10 56 (2.55%) Ruby
11 48 (2.19%) Java 8
12 43 (1.96%) T-SQL
13 38 (1.73%) C++
14 36 (1.64%) C
15 32 (1.46%) ES7
16 31 (1.41%) Apple Swift
17 23 (1.05%) Objective-C
18 20 (0.91%) Groovy
19 19 (0.87%) Go
20 12 (0.55%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 102 (4.65%) Degree
2 99 (4.51%) Security Cleared
3 83 (3.78%) SC Cleared
4 16 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
4 16 (0.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
6 4 (0.18%) BC Cleared
7 2 (0.091%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.091%) Numerate Degree
7 2 (0.091%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (3.23%) QA
2 25 (1.14%) WCAG
3 12 (0.55%) WAI
4 9 (0.41%) SLA
5 8 (0.36%) PMO
6 7 (0.32%) GDPR
7 6 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 186 (8.47%) Docker
2 11 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
3 8 (0.36%) VirtualBox
4 6 (0.27%) LXC
5 1 (0.046%) HDFS
5 1 (0.046%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 52 (2.37%) Kubernetes
2 21 (0.96%) Puppet
3 16 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
4 12 (0.55%) Ansible
5 11 (0.50%) HockeyApp
6 8 (0.36%) HAProxy
7 6 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
8 5 (0.23%) Capistrano
9 4 (0.18%) Terraform
10 2 (0.091%) Grafana
10 2 (0.091%) Mesos
10 2 (0.091%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.046%) cPanel
11 1 (0.046%) Graphite
11 1 (0.046%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.046%) Kibana
11 1 (0.046%) Plesk
11 1 (0.046%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.046%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 1 (0.046%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 116 (5.28%) Microsoft
2 115 (5.24%) Adobe
3 103 (4.69%) Oracle
4 58 (2.64%) Google
5 38 (1.73%) hybris
6 29 (1.32%) Salesforce.com
7 24 (1.09%) Sitecore
8 21 (0.96%) Twitter
9 18 (0.82%) Apple
10 17 (0.77%) Atlassian
10 17 (0.77%) Xamarin
11 14 (0.64%) Zend
12 10 (0.46%) SAP
13 8 (0.36%) Perforce
14 7 (0.32%) Demandware
14 7 (0.32%) Splunk
15 6 (0.27%) Cypress Semiconductor
15 6 (0.27%) MuleSoft
16 5 (0.23%) ATG
16 5 (0.23%) ClickTale