Period
to 9 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 9 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
9 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 124 97 79
Rank change year-on-year -27 -18 -3
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,019 2,389 2,859
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.11% 2.53% 2.97%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.02% 7.78% 9.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,451 1,827 2,061
England median daily rate £438 £425 £418
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +1.80% +11.33%
10th Percentile £310 £291 £300
90th Percentile £575 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £415
% change year-on-year - +2.41% +10.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 14
England median hourly rate £36.00 £42.50 £46.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.29% -7.61% +108.55%
10th Percentile £13.65 £13.50 £25.76
90th Percentile £50.25 £47.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £36.00 £37.97 £46.00
% change year-on-year -5.19% -17.46% +108.55%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,555 30,711 30,000
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.14% 32.57% 31.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,959 21,877 20,858
England median daily rate £475 £468 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +10.00% +2.41%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 282 354 348
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £39.10
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +2.30% +4.27%
10th Percentile £17.50 £18.15 £14.87
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.35 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 9 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -31 1,077 £475 +2.70% 278
South East -5 340 £400 +6.67% 123
North of England -46 243 £375 - 163
Midlands -31 197 £375 +11.11% 122
North West -56 114 £375 - 93
Yorkshire -22 101 £380 - 53
East Midlands -6 99 £375 +10.29% 66
West Midlands -44 95 £400 +23.08% 56
South West -22 89 £400 +14.29% 70
East of England -23 63 £385 +3.70% 57
North East +2 28 £425 -5.56% 17
South Coast - 2 - -
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 9 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,019 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,954 (96.78%) HTML
3 1,823 (90.29%) HTML5
4 1,674 (82.91%) JavaScript
5 1,022 (50.62%) Agile Software Development
6 864 (42.79%) AngularJS
7 732 (36.26%) Front End Development
8 709 (35.12%) React
9 600 (29.72%) Node.js
10 581 (28.78%) Git (software)
11 541 (26.80%) Sass
12 534 (26.45%) TDD
13 526 (26.05%) jQuery
14 399 (19.76%) Java
15 379 (18.77%) User Experience
16 322 (15.95%) Web Development
16 322 (15.95%) Scrum
17 321 (15.90%) MVC
18 297 (14.71%) .NET
19 292 (14.46%) ES6
20 288 (14.26%) Redux
21 286 (14.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 286 (14.17%) Test Automation
22 273 (13.52%) Responsive Web Design
23 270 (13.37%) OO
24 268 (13.27%) C#
25 260 (12.88%) REST
26 258 (12.78%) Continuous Integration
27 250 (12.38%) RESTful
28 245 (12.13%) BDD

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (5.94%) CMS
2 94 (4.66%) Confluence
3 61 (3.02%) WordPress
4 37 (1.83%) Drupal
5 28 (1.39%) SharePoint
6 27 (1.34%) Apache
7 26 (1.29%) WebSphere
8 25 (1.24%) Tomcat
9 20 (0.99%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 15 (0.74%) Commerce Server
10 15 (0.74%) Elasticsearch
10 15 (0.74%) EPiServer
11 14 (0.69%) IIS
11 14 (0.69%) nginx
11 14 (0.69%) Umbraco
12 11 (0.54%) CoreMedia CMS
12 11 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 10 (0.50%) Sitecore CMS
14 9 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
15 8 (0.40%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 99 (4.90%) Photoshop
2 22 (1.09%) Adobe Illustrator
3 21 (1.04%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 15 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
5 14 (0.69%) Fireworks
5 14 (0.69%) InVision
6 7 (0.35%) GIMP
6 7 (0.35%) OmniGraffle
7 5 (0.25%) InDesign
8 4 (0.20%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.20%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.20%) UXPin
9 1 (0.050%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.050%) CATIA
9 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Office
9 1 (0.050%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.050%) SketchUp
9 1 (0.050%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 25 (1.24%) Magento
2 8 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.15%) Unica
5 2 (0.099%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.099%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.099%) Shopify
6 1 (0.050%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.050%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.050%) OpenCart
6 1 (0.050%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 161 (7.97%) Amazon AWS
2 125 (6.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 87 (4.31%) GitHub
4 79 (3.91%) npm
5 50 (2.48%) Serverless
6 34 (1.68%) AWS Lambda
7 31 (1.54%) SaaS
8 27 (1.34%) Google Cloud Platform
9 16 (0.79%) OpenShift
10 15 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
11 14 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
12 13 (0.64%) Amazon Kinesis
13 12 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
13 12 (0.59%) Google Analytics
14 11 (0.54%) BrowserStack
14 11 (0.54%) PaaS
15 10 (0.50%) Dynamics 365
16 8 (0.40%) Adobe Analytics
17 7 (0.35%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 7 (0.35%) Basecamp
Communications & Networking
1 75 (3.71%) HTTP
2 35 (1.73%) Internet
3 6 (0.30%) Intranet
4 5 (0.25%) Reverse Proxy
4 5 (0.25%) SSH
5 4 (0.20%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.15%) Firewall
6 3 (0.15%) IMAP
6 3 (0.15%) SMTP
6 3 (0.15%) SNMP
6 3 (0.15%) SSL
7 2 (0.099%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.099%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.099%) VoIP
8 1 (0.050%) FTP
8 1 (0.050%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 214 (10.60%) MySQL
2 147 (7.28%) SQL Server
3 130 (6.44%) NoSQL
4 127 (6.29%) Relational Database
5 84 (4.16%) MongoDB
6 54 (2.67%) PostgreSQL
7 50 (2.48%) RDBMS
8 46 (2.28%) Apache Cassandra
9 38 (1.88%) Redis
10 23 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 20 (0.99%) Azure SQL Database
12 19 (0.94%) RavenDB
13 15 (0.74%) Oracle Database
13 15 (0.74%) SQL Server 2012
14 13 (0.64%) Big Data
14 13 (0.64%) Blockchain
15 12 (0.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 10 (0.50%) Data Warehouse
16 10 (0.50%) DB2
16 10 (0.50%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 581 (28.78%) Git (software)
2 207 (10.25%) Jenkins
3 188 (9.31%) gulp
4 185 (9.16%) webpack
5 182 (9.01%) JIRA
6 149 (7.38%) Grunt
6 149 (7.38%) Jasmine
7 93 (4.61%) Karma Test Runner
8 92 (4.56%) Selenium
9 87 (4.31%) Subversion
10 80 (3.96%) Mocha
11 66 (3.27%) Team Foundation Server
12 63 (3.12%) Visual Studio
13 62 (3.07%) Protractor
14 52 (2.58%) Gradle
15 49 (2.43%) Mercurial
16 46 (2.28%) JUnit
17 45 (2.23%) Axure RP
18 43 (2.13%) Babel
19 39 (1.93%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 233 (11.54%) Finance
2 132 (6.54%) Retail
3 100 (4.95%) Banking
4 60 (2.97%) Marketing
5 31 (1.54%) Games
6 22 (1.09%) Telecoms
7 21 (1.04%) Publishing
8 16 (0.79%) Advertising
9 15 (0.74%) Investment Banking
10 11 (0.54%) Back Office
11 10 (0.50%) Front Office
11 10 (0.50%) Law
12 9 (0.45%) Legal
12 9 (0.45%) Manufacturing
13 8 (0.40%) Electronics
14 5 (0.25%) Multimedia
15 3 (0.15%) Financial Institution
15 3 (0.15%) Interactive Media
16 2 (0.099%) Automotive
16 2 (0.099%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,789 (88.61%) Developer
2 581 (28.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 358 (17.73%) React Developer
4 346 (17.14%) JavaScript Developer
5 218 (10.80%) Angular Developer
6 203 (10.05%) Full Stack Developer
7 159 (7.88%) Java Developer
8 149 (7.38%) UI Developer
9 147 (7.28%) Senior Developer
10 124 (6.14%) HTML Developer
11 112 (5.55%) Web Developer
12 109 (5.40%) .NET Developer
13 108 (5.35%) HTML CSS Developer
14 91 (4.51%) PHP Developer
15 84 (4.16%) Node.js Developer
16 72 (3.57%) C# Developer
16 72 (3.57%) Designer
16 72 (3.57%) Lead Developer
17 42 (2.08%) C# .NET Developer
17 42 (2.08%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,019 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,954 (96.78%) HTML
3 1,823 (90.29%) HTML5
4 864 (42.79%) AngularJS
5 709 (35.12%) React
6 600 (29.72%) Node.js
7 541 (26.80%) Sass
8 526 (26.05%) jQuery
9 297 (14.71%) .NET
10 288 (14.26%) Redux
11 286 (14.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 260 (12.88%) REST
13 250 (12.38%) RESTful
14 218 (10.80%) Web Services
15 215 (10.65%) JSON
16 209 (10.35%) Ajax
17 181 (8.96%) LESS
18 175 (8.67%) ASP.NET
19 150 (7.43%) Spring
20 140 (6.93%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 379 (18.77%) User Experience
2 136 (6.74%) Greenfield Project
3 107 (5.30%) Mobile App
4 91 (4.51%) Analytical Skills
5 68 (3.37%) Fintech
6 42 (2.08%) W3C
7 31 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
8 26 (1.29%) Data Structures
9 23 (1.14%) Algorithms
10 17 (0.84%) NHS
11 15 (0.74%) iPad
12 14 (0.69%) Clustering
12 14 (0.69%) Fat Client
12 14 (0.69%) Thin Client
13 13 (0.64%) iPhone
13 13 (0.64%) Semantic Web
14 12 (0.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 12 (0.59%) Linux Command Line
14 12 (0.59%) N-Tier
14 12 (0.59%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 95 (4.71%) Linux
2 85 (4.21%) Android
3 74 (3.67%) Apple iOS
4 52 (2.58%) Unix
5 31 (1.54%) Windows
6 22 (1.09%) VMS
7 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.099%) CentOS
9 1 (0.050%) AIX
9 1 (0.050%) Debian
9 1 (0.050%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.050%) Windows Phone
9 1 (0.050%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,022 (50.62%) Agile Software Development
2 732 (36.26%) Front End Development
3 534 (26.45%) TDD
4 322 (15.95%) Scrum
4 322 (15.95%) Web Development
5 321 (15.90%) MVC
6 286 (14.17%) Test Automation
7 273 (13.52%) Responsive Web Design
8 270 (13.37%) OO
9 258 (12.78%) Continuous Integration
10 245 (12.13%) BDD
11 213 (10.55%) Unit Testing
12 207 (10.25%) Microservices
13 199 (9.86%) DevOps
14 192 (9.51%) E-Commerce
15 134 (6.64%) Web Design
16 128 (6.34%) OOP
17 124 (6.14%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 120 (5.94%) Open Source
19 119 (5.89%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,674 (82.91%) JavaScript
2 399 (19.76%) Java
3 292 (14.46%) ES6
4 268 (13.27%) C#
5 225 (11.14%) TypeScript
6 196 (9.71%) PHP
7 188 (9.31%) SQL
8 105 (5.20%) Python
9 69 (3.42%) Scala
10 64 (3.17%) Java 8
11 40 (1.98%) C
11 40 (1.98%) Ruby
12 37 (1.83%) C++
13 34 (1.68%) ES7
13 34 (1.68%) T-SQL
14 25 (1.24%) Apple Swift
15 21 (1.04%) Objective-C
16 19 (0.94%) Go
17 17 (0.84%) Groovy
18 14 (0.69%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 125 (6.19%) Degree
2 69 (3.42%) Security Cleared
3 52 (2.58%) SC Cleared
4 23 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
6 15 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.15%) BC Cleared
9 2 (0.099%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.050%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.050%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (3.02%) QA
2 32 (1.58%) WCAG
3 16 (0.79%) WAI
4 7 (0.35%) SLA
5 6 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (0.30%) PMO
6 2 (0.099%) GDPR
System Software
1 158 (7.83%) Docker
2 8 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.25%) VirtualBox
4 3 (0.15%) LXC
5 2 (0.099%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.050%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 64 (3.17%) Kubernetes
2 30 (1.49%) Ansible
3 23 (1.14%) Puppet
4 16 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
5 11 (0.54%) HockeyApp
6 10 (0.50%) Terraform
7 6 (0.30%) Capistrano
7 6 (0.30%) Grafana
8 5 (0.25%) Graphite
8 5 (0.25%) HAProxy
8 5 (0.25%) Kibana
9 4 (0.20%) Consul
9 4 (0.20%) logstash
9 4 (0.20%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.099%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.050%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.050%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.050%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 127 (6.29%) Microsoft
2 120 (5.94%) Oracle
3 99 (4.90%) Adobe
4 62 (3.07%) Google
5 28 (1.39%) hybris
5 28 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
6 19 (0.94%) Atlassian
7 16 (0.79%) Apple
7 16 (0.79%) Xamarin
8 13 (0.64%) Twitter
9 12 (0.59%) Sitecore
9 12 (0.59%) Zend
10 8 (0.40%) Demandware
11 7 (0.35%) Splunk
12 6 (0.30%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 6 (0.30%) SAP
12 6 (0.30%) Veracode
13 5 (0.25%) ClickTale
13 5 (0.25%) IBM
13 5 (0.25%) MuleSoft