The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 3 months to 25 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK / England
3 months to
25 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 73 71 84
Rank change year-on-year -2 +13  
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1304 1458 1313
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.07% 2.99% 2.57%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.53% 10.32% 9.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 951 1105 960
Median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.66%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £549 £538 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £336
% change year-on-year +3.44% +7.80%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 5
Median hourly rate £15.25 £21.75 £24.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.88% -10.23%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £10.30 £17.15 £17.60
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £36.30 £26.35 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.75 £21.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year +22.98% -45.62%  

CSS3 is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 13690 14131 14204
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 32.22% 29.01% 27.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 9510 10069 9669
Median daily rate £450 £425 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +9.67%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £300 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £588 £570 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 184 167 196
Median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.05% -3.87%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £21.85 £18.80 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £50.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing CSS3 as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 3 months to 25 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -29 668 £463 +8.82% 182
South East +37 196 £373 -0.66% 91
East Midlands +27 98 £340 +20.88% 36
Yorkshire +18 79 £400 -2.43% 39
North West -1 73 £388 -3.12% 64
West Midlands +30 69 £353 +31.16% 40
East of England +6 59 £345 -2.81% 35
South West -18 41 £350 +7.69% 27
North East +64 13 £475 +18.75% 8
Midlands - 3 £450 - 76
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 25 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2534 (100.00%) CSS
2 2439 (96.25%) HTML
3 2317 (91.44%) HTML5
4 2110 (83.27%) JavaScript
5 1215 (47.95%) Agile Software Development
6 1162 (45.86%) AngularJS
7 983 (38.79%) Front End Development
8 885 (34.93%) jQuery
9 714 (28.18%) React
10 697 (27.51%) Git (software)
11 639 (25.22%) TDD
12 628 (24.78%) Node.js
13 602 (23.76%) Sass
14 565 (22.30%) User Experience
15 503 (19.85%) Web Development
16 476 (18.78%) Scrum
17 460 (18.15%) MVC
18 452 (17.84%) Ajax
19 443 (17.48%) Responsive Web Design
20 440 (17.36%) Java
21 401 (15.82%) JSON
22 394 (15.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 390 (15.39%) C#
24 387 (15.27%) OO
25 368 (14.52%) REST
26 345 (13.61%) Finance
27 339 (13.38%) .NET
28 328 (12.94%) Test Automation
29 319 (12.59%) LESS
30 309 (12.19%) Grunt

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 209 (8.25%) CMS
2 177 (6.99%) Confluence
3 75 (2.96%) WordPress
4 66 (2.60%) Apache
5 55 (2.17%) Drupal
5 55 (2.17%) EPiServer
6 52 (2.05%) SharePoint
7 45 (1.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 33 (1.30%) Umbraco
9 29 (1.14%) Sitecore CMS
9 29 (1.14%) WebSphere
10 27 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
11 22 (0.87%) Tomcat
12 20 (0.79%) nginx
13 18 (0.71%) JBoss
14 14 (0.55%) IIS
15 13 (0.51%) SharePoint 2013
16 12 (0.47%) SAS
17 11 (0.43%) Apache Solr
18 10 (0.39%) DNN
Applications
1 161 (6.35%) Photoshop
2 68 (2.68%) Adobe Illustrator
3 44 (1.74%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 32 (1.26%) OmniGraffle
5 24 (0.95%) InVision
6 12 (0.47%) UXPin
7 11 (0.43%) MS Visio
8 10 (0.39%) InDesign
9 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
10 3 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
10 3 (0.12%) GIMP
10 3 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 2 (0.079%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.079%) Fireworks
11 2 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.039%) InfoPath
12 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 34 (1.34%) Magento
2 10 (0.39%) SDL Web 8
3 4 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.16%) Eloqua
4 3 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.079%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.079%) Siebel CRM
6 1 (0.039%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.039%) osCommerce
6 1 (0.039%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.039%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 146 (5.76%) Amazon AWS
2 81 (3.20%) Microsoft Azure
3 76 (3.00%) GitHub
4 24 (0.95%) SaaS
5 22 (0.87%) Cloud Computing
6 19 (0.75%) Google Cloud Platform
7 15 (0.59%) Google Analytics
8 12 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 9 (0.36%) Adobe Analytics
9 9 (0.36%) IaaS
10 7 (0.28%) AWS Lambda
11 6 (0.24%) Amazon S3
11 6 (0.24%) Office 365
11 6 (0.24%) PaaS
12 5 (0.20%) Amazon EC2
12 5 (0.20%) Azure Active Directory
12 5 (0.20%) Basecamp
12 5 (0.20%) OneDrive
12 5 (0.20%) OpenShift
12 5 (0.20%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 151 (5.96%) HTTP
2 35 (1.38%) Internet
3 16 (0.63%) Network Security
4 15 (0.59%) Extranet
5 11 (0.43%) DNS
5 11 (0.43%) Intranet
6 7 (0.28%) SSL
7 6 (0.24%) TCP/IP
8 5 (0.20%) SMS
9 3 (0.12%) MVNO
10 2 (0.079%) CTI
10 2 (0.079%) Skype
10 2 (0.079%) SMTP
11 1 (0.039%) ATM
11 1 (0.039%) LDAP
11 1 (0.039%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 163 (6.43%) MySQL
2 150 (5.92%) SQL Server
3 138 (5.45%) MongoDB
4 128 (5.05%) Relational Database
5 116 (4.58%) NoSQL
6 83 (3.28%) PostgreSQL
7 51 (2.01%) Big Data
8 46 (1.82%) Apache Cassandra
9 37 (1.46%) Hadoop
10 36 (1.42%) Oracle Database
11 25 (0.99%) HBase
12 20 (0.79%) Redis
13 13 (0.51%) SQL Server 2012
14 12 (0.47%) RDBMS
14 12 (0.47%) SQL Server 2008
14 12 (0.47%) SQL Server 2014
15 8 (0.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 7 (0.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 7 (0.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 6 (0.24%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 697 (27.51%) Git (software)
2 309 (12.19%) Grunt
3 284 (11.21%) gulp
4 251 (9.91%) JIRA
5 233 (9.19%) Subversion
6 219 (8.64%) Jasmine
7 205 (8.09%) Jenkins
8 153 (6.04%) webpack
9 132 (5.21%) Mocha
10 111 (4.38%) Karma Test Runner
11 108 (4.26%) JUnit
12 107 (4.22%) Selenium
13 81 (3.20%) Cucumber
14 64 (2.53%) Axure RP
15 61 (2.41%) Bower
16 58 (2.29%) Maven
17 52 (2.05%) TeamCity
18 51 (2.01%) Team Foundation Server
18 51 (2.01%) Visual Studio
19 49 (1.93%) WebDriver
General
1 345 (13.61%) Finance
2 201 (7.93%) Banking
3 114 (4.50%) Retail
4 98 (3.87%) Marketing
5 41 (1.62%) Front Office
6 39 (1.54%) Investment Banking
7 24 (0.95%) Legal
8 21 (0.83%) Games
8 21 (0.83%) Publishing
9 20 (0.79%) Advertising
10 14 (0.55%) Telecoms
11 13 (0.51%) Retail Banking
12 10 (0.39%) Manufacturing
13 9 (0.36%) Electronics
13 9 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
14 8 (0.32%) Automotive
15 7 (0.28%) Financial Institution
16 6 (0.24%) Back Office
16 6 (0.24%) Czech Language
16 6 (0.24%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 2240 (88.40%) Developer
2 873 (34.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 652 (25.73%) JavaScript Developer
4 331 (13.06%) HTML Developer
5 293 (11.56%) Angular Developer
6 279 (11.01%) HTML CSS Developer
7 229 (9.04%) UI Developer
8 214 (8.45%) Web Developer
9 195 (7.70%) Senior Developer
10 156 (6.16%) Java Developer
11 147 (5.80%) .NET Developer
12 131 (5.17%) Node.js Developer
13 119 (4.70%) Full Stack Developer
14 104 (4.10%) C# Developer
14 104 (4.10%) Designer
15 93 (3.67%) Architect
16 77 (3.04%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 75 (2.96%) C# .NET Developer
18 73 (2.88%) UX Designer
19 70 (2.76%) UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2534 (100.00%) CSS
2 2439 (96.25%) HTML
3 2317 (91.44%) HTML5
4 1162 (45.86%) AngularJS
5 885 (34.93%) jQuery
6 714 (28.18%) React
7 628 (24.78%) Node.js
8 602 (23.76%) Sass
9 452 (17.84%) Ajax
10 401 (15.82%) JSON
11 394 (15.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 368 (14.52%) REST
13 339 (13.38%) .NET
14 319 (12.59%) LESS
15 300 (11.84%) RESTful
16 233 (9.19%) Web Services
17 230 (9.08%) Spring
18 226 (8.92%) Redux
19 206 (8.13%) Angular 2
20 201 (7.93%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 565 (22.30%) User Experience
2 153 (6.04%) Greenfield Project
3 94 (3.71%) Mobile App
4 83 (3.28%) Analytical Skills
5 63 (2.49%) Computer Science
6 53 (2.09%) Fintech
6 53 (2.09%) W3C
7 47 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
8 31 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 27 (1.07%) Equities
10 23 (0.91%) Virtual Team
11 22 (0.87%) Fixed Income
12 17 (0.67%) Digital Media
13 15 (0.59%) Animation
13 15 (0.59%) Social Media
14 14 (0.55%) Graphic Design
14 14 (0.55%) iPad
15 13 (0.51%) Video on Demand
16 11 (0.43%) Derivative
16 11 (0.43%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 166 (6.55%) Linux
2 61 (2.41%) Unix
3 50 (1.97%) Apple iOS
4 49 (1.93%) Android
5 30 (1.18%) Windows
6 9 (0.36%) Mac OS X
7 4 (0.16%) SUSE
8 3 (0.12%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.079%) Debian
10 1 (0.039%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.039%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.039%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.039%) VMS
10 1 (0.039%) webOS
10 1 (0.039%) Windows Mobile
10 1 (0.039%) Windows Phone
10 1 (0.039%) Windows Phone 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1215 (47.95%) Agile Software Development
2 983 (38.79%) Front End Development
3 639 (25.22%) TDD
4 503 (19.85%) Web Development
5 476 (18.78%) Scrum
6 460 (18.15%) MVC
7 443 (17.48%) Responsive Web Design
8 387 (15.27%) OO
9 328 (12.94%) Test Automation
10 276 (10.89%) Continuous Integration
11 269 (10.62%) BDD
12 250 (9.87%) Web Design
13 204 (8.05%) Open Source
14 186 (7.34%) E-Commerce
15 174 (6.87%) Unit Testing
16 162 (6.39%) Wireframes
17 127 (5.01%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 119 (4.70%) Software Engineering
19 116 (4.58%) Configuration Management
20 115 (4.54%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 2110 (83.27%) JavaScript
2 440 (17.36%) Java
3 390 (15.39%) C#
4 227 (8.96%) ES6
5 204 (8.05%) Ruby
6 203 (8.01%) PHP
7 187 (7.38%) SQL
8 186 (7.34%) Python
9 173 (6.83%) Scala
10 111 (4.38%) TypeScript
11 44 (1.74%) ECMAScript
12 34 (1.34%) C++
13 32 (1.26%) T-SQL
14 27 (1.07%) Shell Script
15 24 (0.95%) Objective-C
16 22 (0.87%) Apple Swift
16 22 (0.87%) PowerShell
17 17 (0.67%) Groovy
18 14 (0.55%) C
19 12 (0.47%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 144 (5.68%) Degree
2 64 (2.53%) Security Cleared
3 53 (2.09%) SC Cleared
4 23 (0.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.28%) DV Cleared
6 7 (0.28%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.24%) BC Cleared
7 6 (0.24%) MBA
8 5 (0.20%) CISA
8 5 (0.20%) CISM
8 5 (0.20%) CISSP
9 4 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.039%) MCSE
10 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.039%) OCMJD
10 1 (0.039%) OCPJP
10 1 (0.039%) OCPJWCD
10 1 (0.039%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.039%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (1.30%) QA
2 17 (0.67%) WAI
2 17 (0.67%) WCAG
3 7 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
3 7 (0.28%) FATCA
4 5 (0.20%) COBIT
4 5 (0.20%) FedRAMP
4 5 (0.20%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.12%) SLA
6 1 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.039%) EMIR
6 1 (0.039%) MiFID
6 1 (0.039%) PMO
System Software
1 74 (2.92%) Docker
2 9 (0.36%) Active Directory
2 9 (0.36%) LXC
3 6 (0.24%) Apache Flume
4 5 (0.20%) UAG
5 4 (0.16%) HDFS
6 3 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.039%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.039%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.039%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 43 (1.70%) Puppet
2 23 (0.91%) Opscode Chef
3 22 (0.87%) Ansible
4 18 (0.71%) Kubernetes
5 14 (0.55%) Terraform
6 11 (0.43%) Kibana
7 7 (0.28%) Nagios
7 7 (0.28%) Salt
8 5 (0.20%) logstash
9 4 (0.16%) cPanel
9 4 (0.16%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.12%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.12%) TeamSite
11 1 (0.039%) Capistrano
11 1 (0.039%) Oozie
Vendors
1 161 (6.35%) Google
2 144 (5.68%) Adobe
3 71 (2.80%) Oracle
4 65 (2.57%) Microsoft
5 37 (1.46%) Sitecore
6 21 (0.83%) IBM
7 19 (0.75%) SAP
8 17 (0.67%) Twitter
9 16 (0.63%) Zend
10 12 (0.47%) Solace
11 10 (0.39%) Hortonworks
11 10 (0.39%) Telerik
12 9 (0.36%) Apple
13 8 (0.32%) ServiceNow
13 8 (0.32%) Tealium
14 6 (0.24%) Cloudera
14 6 (0.24%) Perforce
14 6 (0.24%) Rackspace
14 6 (0.24%) SaltStack
15 5 (0.20%) Facebook
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Buckinghamshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
ISL
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Telford, Shropshire
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leamington Spa, Warwickshire
Anderson Lamb
Rate: Competitive daily rates apply
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Morgan Mckinley
Posted: 5 days ago
West Midlands
ReThink Recruitment
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Bradford, West Yorkshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Leicestershire
Searchability
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Coded People
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Central London / West End
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £350 to £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Applause IT Innovation
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Montash
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Leatherhead, Surrey
TLP Consultancy Ltd.
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Tiro Partners
Rate: £350 - £425 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Verticality Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450 - £550
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £475 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Leicester, Leicestershire
Computer People
Posted: 6 days ago
Leicestershire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £500 - £700 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Salt
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago