Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 451 406 355
Rank change year-on-year -45 -51 -95
Permanent jobs citing Perl 1,238 629 795
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.76% 0.68% 0.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.38% 1.25% 1.56%
Number of salaries quoted 548 422 627
10th Percentile £37,500 £38,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £47,563 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,500 £62,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year -3.20% +8.70% -
75th Percentile £84,063 £80,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £93,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £55,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year -9.09% +15.79% -9.52%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 89,455 50,256 51,101
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.89% 54.71% 54.99%
Number of salaries quoted 43,486 38,885 42,444
10th Percentile £36,900 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Salary trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -18 1,072 £60,000 -7.69% 113
UK excluding London +48 570 £50,000 -9.09% 75
London -130 525 £80,000 +6.67% 44
Work from Home -104 404 £62,500 -3.85% 45
South East +82 259 £50,000 -3.61% 24
North of England -8 119 £52,500 -6.67% 13
Midlands -37 79 £50,000 -23.08% 14
Yorkshire +12 59 £52,500 -12.50% 4
North West -59 58 £49,000 -14.78% 7
West Midlands -34 51 £57,500 -8.00% 10
South West -46 36 £34,500 -18.82% 7
East of England -63 34 £45,000 -5.26% 11
Scotland -59 31 £61,250 +16.67% 5
East Midlands -7 28 £47,500 -32.14% 4
Wales -35 9 £39,242 -23.43% 2
Channel Islands -2 5 £50,000 +38.89%
North East -16 2 £62,500 +38.89% 2
Northern Ireland -28 1 £42,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 1,060 (85.62%) Python
2 666 (53.80%) Linux
3 589 (47.58%) AWS
4 580 (46.85%) Java
5 531 (42.89%) Unix
6 527 (42.57%) Agile
7 469 (37.88%) Azure
8 439 (35.46%) SQL
9 425 (34.33%) CI/CD
10 418 (33.76%) Test Automation
11 412 (33.28%) Docker
12 407 (32.88%) Finance
13 402 (32.47%) JavaScript
13 402 (32.47%) Shell Script
13 402 (32.47%) DevOps
14 397 (32.07%) Git (software)
15 391 (31.58%) Kubernetes
16 357 (28.84%) Ruby
17 355 (28.68%) MySQL
17 355 (28.68%) Bash
18 346 (27.95%) PHP
19 324 (26.17%) PowerShell
20 317 (25.61%) Ansible
21 305 (24.64%) PostgreSQL
22 297 (23.99%) TDD
23 296 (23.91%) NoSQL
24 283 (22.86%) Social Skills
25 280 (22.62%) Mentoring
25 280 (22.62%) Microsoft
26 278 (22.46%) Microservices

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 233 (18.82%) Apache Spark
2 54 (4.36%) Apache
3 34 (2.75%) nginx
4 30 (2.42%) OpenStack
5 22 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
5 22 (1.78%) WebLogic
6 17 (1.37%) Tomcat
6 17 (1.37%) WebSphere
7 10 (0.81%) JBoss
8 9 (0.73%) Confluence
9 8 (0.65%) Apache Solr
9 8 (0.65%) IIS
10 7 (0.57%) Apache Pig
11 6 (0.48%) MS Exchange
12 5 (0.40%) Apache Pulsar
12 5 (0.40%) MediaWiki
12 5 (0.40%) Moodle
12 5 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.32%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (0.32%) WordPress
Applications
1 11 (0.89%) Simulink
1 11 (0.89%) Stateflow
2 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.081%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.081%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.32%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.16%) RMDS
4 1 (0.081%) Front Arena
4 1 (0.081%) Magento
4 1 (0.081%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
Cloud Services
1 589 (47.58%) AWS
2 469 (37.88%) Azure
3 269 (21.73%) Serverless
4 256 (20.68%) OpenShift
5 218 (17.61%) AWS Lambda
6 195 (15.75%) Cloud Functions
7 84 (6.79%) SaaS
8 72 (5.82%) GCP
9 71 (5.74%) GitHub
10 50 (4.04%) WhatsApp
11 48 (3.88%) IaaS
12 46 (3.72%) AWS CloudFormation
12 46 (3.72%) PaaS
13 43 (3.47%) Cloud Computing
14 32 (2.58%) Amazon EC2
14 32 (2.58%) Microsoft 365
15 30 (2.42%) Amazon S3
16 15 (1.21%) Amazon EKS
16 15 (1.21%) Datadog
17 14 (1.13%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 254 (20.52%) Internet
2 117 (9.45%) DNS
3 78 (6.30%) HTTP
4 74 (5.98%) Firewall
5 51 (4.12%) TCP/IP
6 33 (2.67%) WAN
7 32 (2.58%) Network Security
8 30 (2.42%) DHCP
8 30 (2.42%) VPN
9 25 (2.02%) LAN
9 25 (2.02%) SAN
10 21 (1.70%) BGP
10 21 (1.70%) Fibre Channel
11 18 (1.45%) Broadband
12 17 (1.37%) SSH
13 14 (1.13%) MPLS
14 13 (1.05%) FTP
14 13 (1.05%) Wireless
15 12 (0.97%) OSPF
16 11 (0.89%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 355 (28.68%) MySQL
2 305 (24.64%) PostgreSQL
3 296 (23.91%) NoSQL
4 261 (21.08%) SQL Server
5 225 (18.17%) Apache Cassandra
6 208 (16.80%) MongoDB
7 200 (16.16%) Flink
8 53 (4.28%) Redis
9 43 (3.47%) InfluxDB
10 37 (2.99%) Big Data
11 32 (2.58%) Hadoop
12 29 (2.34%) Relational Database
13 22 (1.78%) Bigtable
13 22 (1.78%) DB2
14 19 (1.53%) Apache Accumulo
15 18 (1.45%) Data Warehouse
15 18 (1.45%) MariaDB
16 16 (1.29%) RDBMS
17 12 (0.97%) Amazon Aurora
18 11 (0.89%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 397 (32.07%) Git (software)
2 253 (20.44%) JIRA
3 242 (19.55%) Maven
4 238 (19.22%) Subversion
5 231 (18.66%) Jenkins
6 212 (17.12%) Ant
7 200 (16.16%) Gradle
8 72 (5.82%) GitLab
9 39 (3.15%) SonarQube
10 30 (2.42%) Selenium
11 29 (2.34%) Bitbucket
12 27 (2.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 27 (2.18%) JMeter
12 27 (2.18%) LoadRunner
13 21 (1.70%) Visual Studio Code
14 20 (1.62%) Cucumber
15 19 (1.53%) NeoLoad
16 18 (1.45%) webpack
17 16 (1.29%) JUnit
17 16 (1.29%) TeamCity
General
1 407 (32.88%) Finance
2 283 (22.86%) Social Skills
3 215 (17.37%) Manufacturing
4 174 (14.05%) Analytical Skills
5 73 (5.90%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 60 (4.85%) Banking
7 57 (4.60%) Games
8 52 (4.20%) Telecoms
9 47 (3.80%) Retail
10 41 (3.31%) Marketing
11 35 (2.83%) Advertising
12 34 (2.75%) Electronics
12 34 (2.75%) Law
13 31 (2.50%) Organisational Skills
13 31 (2.50%) Public Sector
14 28 (2.26%) Investment Banking
15 21 (1.70%) Front Office
16 18 (1.45%) Automotive
16 18 (1.45%) Legal
16 18 (1.45%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 229 (18.50%) Developer
2 204 (16.48%) Java Engineer
3 200 (16.16%) Senior Java Engineer
4 199 (16.07%) DevOps Engineer
5 90 (7.27%) Software Engineer
6 84 (6.79%) Administrator
7 81 (6.54%) Analyst
8 74 (5.98%) Systems Administrator
9 55 (4.44%) Linux Administrator
9 55 (4.44%) Linux Engineer
10 51 (4.12%) Linux Systems Administrator
11 47 (3.80%) Senior Developer
12 46 (3.72%) Support Engineer
13 44 (3.55%) Systems Engineer
14 43 (3.47%) Java Developer
14 43 (3.47%) Software Developer
15 36 (2.91%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 35 (2.83%) Data Engineer
17 34 (2.75%) Analyst Developer
17 34 (2.75%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 250 (20.19%) .NET
1 250 (20.19%) HTML
2 229 (18.50%) CSS
3 217 (17.53%) RESTful
4 200 (16.16%) JDBC
5 197 (15.91%) ASP.NET
6 115 (9.29%) React
7 97 (7.84%) Web Services
8 86 (6.95%) Node.js
9 82 (6.62%) REST
10 75 (6.06%) AngularJS
11 74 (5.98%) Spring Boot
12 55 (4.44%) LAMP
13 53 (4.28%) Spring
14 36 (2.91%) Java Concurrency
15 34 (2.75%) Java EE
15 34 (2.75%) Kafka
16 30 (2.42%) FIX Protocol
17 29 (2.34%) HTML5
18 28 (2.26%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 253 (20.44%) Algorithms
1 253 (20.44%) Linux Command Line
2 218 (17.61%) Data Structures
3 195 (15.75%) Life Science
4 94 (7.59%) Management Information System
5 61 (4.93%) Greenfield Project
6 57 (4.60%) Smart Meter
7 51 (4.12%) Public Cloud
8 48 (3.88%) Smartphone
9 44 (3.55%) Virtual Team
10 42 (3.39%) User Experience
11 38 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
12 37 (2.99%) Replication
13 36 (2.91%) Digital TV
14 31 (2.50%) Social Media
15 26 (2.10%) Data Centre
16 24 (1.94%) Cloud Native
17 21 (1.70%) IoT
18 20 (1.62%) Cyberattack
19 18 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 666 (53.80%) Linux
2 531 (42.89%) Unix
3 246 (19.87%) Windows
4 138 (11.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 119 (9.61%) CentOS
6 47 (3.80%) Windows Server
7 36 (2.91%) Solaris
7 36 (2.91%) Windows Server 2016
8 35 (2.83%) Windows Server 2012
9 30 (2.42%) Ubuntu
10 26 (2.10%) Windows 10
11 22 (1.78%) AIX
12 21 (1.70%) Debian
12 21 (1.70%) Windows Server 2019
13 13 (1.05%) SUSE
14 9 (0.73%) Android
14 9 (0.73%) Oracle Linux
15 8 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
16 5 (0.40%) HPUX
16 5 (0.40%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 527 (42.57%) Agile
2 425 (34.33%) CI/CD
3 418 (33.76%) Test Automation
4 402 (32.47%) DevOps
5 297 (23.99%) TDD
6 280 (22.62%) Mentoring
7 278 (22.46%) Microservices
8 254 (20.52%) Disaster Recovery
9 252 (20.36%) High Availability
10 245 (19.79%) Customer-Centricity
11 228 (18.42%) OOP
12 227 (18.34%) Coaching
13 224 (18.09%) BDD
14 216 (17.45%) Root Cause Analysis
15 210 (16.96%) Innovative Thinking
16 206 (16.64%) Strategic Thinking
17 199 (16.07%) MVC
18 197 (15.91%) User Stories
19 196 (15.83%) Service Design
20 195 (15.75%) Story Points
Programming Languages
1 1,060 (85.62%) Python
2 580 (46.85%) Java
3 439 (35.46%) SQL
4 402 (32.47%) JavaScript
4 402 (32.47%) Shell Script
5 357 (28.84%) Ruby
6 355 (28.68%) Bash
7 346 (27.95%) PHP
8 324 (26.17%) PowerShell
9 197 (15.91%) C++
10 136 (10.99%) C
11 116 (9.37%) C#
12 101 (8.16%) Go
13 55 (4.44%) R
14 40 (3.23%) Kotlin
15 39 (3.15%) VBA
16 37 (2.99%) AWK
17 28 (2.26%) MATLAB
18 24 (1.94%) Scala
19 22 (1.78%) ES6
Qualifications
1 207 (16.72%) Degree
2 142 (11.47%) Security Cleared
3 83 (6.70%) SC Cleared
4 57 (4.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 22 (1.78%) Cisco Certification
6 19 (1.53%) RHCE
7 17 (1.37%) DV Cleared
8 15 (1.21%) Oracle Certification
9 14 (1.13%) CCIE
10 13 (1.05%) AWS Certification
11 12 (0.97%) RHCSA
12 11 (0.89%) OCA
12 11 (0.89%) OCP
13 10 (0.81%) Master's Degree
13 10 (0.81%) PhD
14 9 (0.73%) CCNA
14 9 (0.73%) CISSP
14 9 (0.73%) Microsoft Certification
15 8 (0.65%) MCSE
15 8 (0.65%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (3.72%) QA
2 24 (1.94%) GDPR
2 24 (1.94%) SLA
3 15 (1.21%) PCI DSS
4 14 (1.13%) PMO
5 13 (1.05%) NIST
6 11 (0.89%) AUTOSAR
6 11 (0.89%) ISO 26262
6 11 (0.89%) MISRA
7 9 (0.73%) SOC 2
8 8 (0.65%) FISMA
8 8 (0.65%) HIPAA
8 8 (0.65%) HITRUST
8 8 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 7 (0.57%) Data Quality
10 4 (0.32%) ISO 13485
11 2 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.081%) COBIT
12 1 (0.081%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 412 (33.28%) Docker
2 84 (6.79%) Active Directory
3 52 (4.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (2.26%) VMware ESXi
5 20 (1.62%) KVM
6 19 (1.53%) Xen
7 14 (1.13%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 12 (0.97%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 11 (0.89%) iptables
9 11 (0.89%) NFS
9 11 (0.89%) Virtual Servers
10 8 (0.65%) Samba
10 8 (0.65%) vSphere
11 7 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
12 6 (0.48%) Oracle RAC
13 5 (0.40%) VMware Workstation
14 4 (0.32%) Shibboleth
15 3 (0.24%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 3 (0.24%) NDS
15 3 (0.24%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 391 (31.58%) Kubernetes
2 317 (25.61%) Ansible
3 199 (16.07%) Terraform
4 159 (12.84%) Puppet
5 138 (11.15%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (4.93%) Grafana
7 33 (2.67%) Prometheus
8 27 (2.18%) Red Hat Spacewalk
9 25 (2.02%) Nagios
10 20 (1.62%) logstash
11 19 (1.53%) HAProxy
11 19 (1.53%) NetBackup
12 18 (1.45%) Docker Swarm
13 16 (1.29%) Oracle ZFS
13 16 (1.29%) Red Hat Satellite
14 14 (1.13%) Netcool
14 14 (1.13%) Netcool/OMNIbus
14 14 (1.13%) SCCM
14 14 (1.13%) Tivoli
14 14 (1.13%) Tivoli Monitoring
Vendors
1 280 (22.62%) Microsoft
2 247 (19.95%) Google
3 143 (11.55%) Oracle
4 106 (8.56%) Red Hat
5 94 (7.59%) Splunk
6 62 (5.01%) VMware
7 54 (4.36%) IBM
8 53 (4.28%) AppDynamics
9 51 (4.12%) Reuters
10 50 (4.04%) Snapchat
11 42 (3.39%) Cisco
12 32 (2.58%) Juniper
13 31 (2.50%) F5
14 30 (2.42%) Sun
15 29 (2.34%) Fortinet
16 28 (2.26%) Dataiku
16 28 (2.26%) Dynatrace
16 28 (2.26%) Refinitiv
17 24 (1.94%) Perforce
17 24 (1.94%) Veritas