Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 324 261 231
Rank change year-on-year -63 -30 -37
Permanent jobs citing Perl 600 1,798 2,677
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.90% 1.26% 1.55%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.60% 2.34% 2.77%
Number of salaries quoted 490 1,205 1,992
Median annual salary £56,965 £57,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -0.93% +9.52% -4.55%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £33,122
90th Percentile £88,875 £87,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,250
% change year-on-year - +10.50% +0.56%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,512 76,798 96,482
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.36% 53.69% 55.80%
Number of salaries quoted 30,790 62,994 80,127
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,425
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Salary trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -70 526 £60,000 +2.13% 73
UK excluding London -30 346 £50,000 - 60
London -39 248 £70,000 +3.70% 24
South East +68 93 £50,000 -9.09% 12
Midlands +80 53 £50,000 +8.34% 7
East of England +31 52 £62,500 +25.00% 12
North of England -121 48 £56,965 +1.27% 15
Scotland +76 36 £53,500 +21.44% 8
South West +61 32 £47,500 -5.00% 2
North West +73 31 £61,215 +11.30% 7
West Midlands +50 31 £55,000 +22.22% 6
Work from Home +46 31 £53,500 +21.59% 16
East Midlands +84 19 £42,500 -29.75% 1
Wales +49 19 £40,000 -11.11% 3
Yorkshire -99 17 £56,500 -5.83% 8
Northern Ireland +16 13 £30,000 -57.14% 1

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 489 (81.50%) Python
2 364 (60.67%) Linux
3 287 (47.83%) Bash Shell
4 182 (30.33%) AWS
5 179 (29.83%) DevOps
6 177 (29.50%) Java
7 166 (27.67%) SQL
8 144 (24.00%) Windows
8 144 (24.00%) Finance
9 132 (22.00%) Unix
10 120 (20.00%) PowerShell
11 118 (19.67%) Ansible
12 109 (18.17%) Ruby
13 108 (18.00%) Git (software)
13 108 (18.00%) Azure
14 107 (17.83%) Agile Software Development
15 97 (16.17%) Docker
16 94 (15.67%) Degree
17 93 (15.50%) PHP
18 89 (14.83%) C++
19 84 (14.00%) Shell Script
19 84 (14.00%) Kubernetes
19 84 (14.00%) Jenkins
20 75 (12.50%) Splunk
21 73 (12.17%) C#
22 72 (12.00%) Microsoft
23 71 (11.83%) DNS
24 67 (11.17%) Firewall
25 66 (11.00%) MySQL
26 65 (10.83%) Cybersecurity

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (7.50%) Apache
2 38 (6.33%) Tomcat
3 25 (4.17%) Elasticsearch
3 25 (4.17%) nginx
4 24 (4.00%) WebSphere
5 23 (3.83%) Confluence
6 22 (3.67%) JBoss
7 15 (2.50%) Apache Spark
8 14 (2.33%) IIS
8 14 (2.33%) WebLogic
9 9 (1.50%) WebSphere Application Server
10 6 (1.00%) Drupal
10 6 (1.00%) MS Exchange
11 5 (0.83%) Apache Solr
11 5 (0.83%) Exchange Server 2003
12 4 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.67%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 4 (0.67%) Resin
12 4 (0.67%) SilverStripe
12 4 (0.67%) WordPress
Applications
1 9 (1.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.83%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.33%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 5 (0.83%) Remedy ITSM
2 4 (0.67%) Magento
2 4 (0.67%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.50%) assyst
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.17%) Rolfe and Nolan
4 1 (0.17%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 182 (30.33%) AWS
2 108 (18.00%) Azure
3 31 (5.17%) Amazon EC2
4 24 (4.00%) GCP
5 21 (3.50%) PaaS
6 20 (3.33%) SaaS
7 16 (2.67%) IaaS
8 15 (2.50%) Amazon ECS
9 14 (2.33%) Office 365
9 14 (2.33%) Serverless
10 13 (2.17%) Amazon S3
11 11 (1.83%) Amazon SQS
12 10 (1.67%) AWS Lambda
12 10 (1.67%) Cloud Computing
13 9 (1.50%) Azure Active Directory
14 8 (1.33%) Datadog
15 7 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 7 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
15 7 (1.17%) GitHub
16 6 (1.00%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 71 (11.83%) DNS
2 67 (11.17%) Firewall
3 57 (9.50%) TCP/IP
4 43 (7.17%) HTTP
5 31 (5.17%) DHCP
6 30 (5.00%) SMTP
7 27 (4.50%) VPN
8 24 (4.00%) LAN
9 23 (3.83%) WAN
10 22 (3.67%) Internet
10 22 (3.67%) SSH
11 21 (3.50%) SSL
12 19 (3.17%) FTP
13 18 (3.00%) SAN
14 16 (2.67%) NAS
15 13 (2.17%) Ethernet
16 11 (1.83%) Network Security
17 10 (1.67%) FIX Connectivity
17 10 (1.67%) MPLS
18 9 (1.50%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (11.00%) MySQL
2 56 (9.33%) SQL Server
3 45 (7.50%) Big Data
4 40 (6.67%) NoSQL
5 37 (6.17%) PostgreSQL
6 35 (5.83%) Relational Database
7 34 (5.67%) MongoDB
8 17 (2.83%) Apache Cassandra
8 17 (2.83%) Oracle Database
9 15 (2.50%) Hadoop
10 14 (2.33%) SQL Server 2016
10 14 (2.33%) SQL Server 2017
11 13 (2.17%) Data Lake
11 13 (2.17%) HBase
11 13 (2.17%) KNIME
11 13 (2.17%) MariaDB
11 13 (2.17%) Neo4j
12 12 (2.00%) Amazon RDS
12 12 (2.00%) Data Mining
13 10 (1.67%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 108 (18.00%) Git (software)
2 84 (14.00%) Jenkins
3 36 (6.00%) JIRA
4 33 (5.50%) GitLab
5 25 (4.17%) Subversion
6 21 (3.50%) Selenium
7 11 (1.83%) JUnit
7 11 (1.83%) Mercurial
8 10 (1.67%) Artifactory
8 10 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 9 (1.50%) Gerrit
9 9 (1.50%) NUnit
9 9 (1.50%) TeamCity
10 8 (1.33%) Maven
11 7 (1.17%) git-flow
11 7 (1.17%) Gradle
12 6 (1.00%) Bitbucket
12 6 (1.00%) JMeter
13 5 (0.83%) Mocha
13 5 (0.83%) RSpec
General
1 144 (24.00%) Finance
2 38 (6.33%) Banking
3 21 (3.50%) Front Office
4 18 (3.00%) Retail
5 16 (2.67%) Aerospace
5 16 (2.67%) Telecoms
6 12 (2.00%) Advertising
6 12 (2.00%) Games
6 12 (2.00%) Legal
7 8 (1.33%) Electronics
7 8 (1.33%) Law
8 6 (1.00%) Back Office
8 6 (1.00%) German Language
9 5 (0.83%) French Language
9 5 (0.83%) Italian Language
9 5 (0.83%) Spanish Language
10 4 (0.67%) Financial Institution
10 4 (0.67%) Investment Banking
10 4 (0.67%) Public Sector
11 3 (0.50%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 86 (14.33%) Developer
2 84 (14.00%) DevOps Engineer
3 55 (9.17%) Security Engineer
4 46 (7.67%) Analyst
5 36 (6.00%) Linux Engineer
6 34 (5.67%) Support Engineer
7 30 (5.00%) Administrator
7 30 (5.00%) Systems Engineer
8 28 (4.67%) Software Engineer
9 27 (4.50%) Applications Support
9 27 (4.50%) Support Analyst
9 27 (4.50%) Systems Administrator
10 25 (4.17%) Monitoring Engineer
10 25 (4.17%) Perl Developer
11 23 (3.83%) AWS Engineer
11 23 (3.83%) Cloud Engineer
11 23 (3.83%) Network Engineer
12 20 (3.33%) AWS DevOps
12 20 (3.33%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 20 (3.33%) Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (6.17%) .NET
2 34 (5.67%) Elastic Stack
2 34 (5.67%) SailPoint
3 32 (5.33%) HTML
4 29 (4.83%) Web Services
5 26 (4.33%) XML
6 25 (4.17%) Node.js
7 24 (4.00%) Kafka
8 22 (3.67%) AngularJS
9 20 (3.33%) JSON
10 19 (3.17%) Middleware
11 18 (3.00%) CSS
11 18 (3.00%) React
12 16 (2.67%) FIX Protocol
13 13 (2.17%) LDAP
14 12 (2.00%) LAMP
14 12 (2.00%) RESTful
15 11 (1.83%) REST
15 11 (1.83%) Spring
16 10 (1.67%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 51 (8.50%) Analytical Skills
2 32 (5.33%) Management Information System
3 21 (3.50%) Data Centre
3 21 (3.50%) Public Cloud
4 18 (3.00%) Linux Command Line
4 18 (3.00%) User Experience
5 17 (2.83%) Security Operations Centre
6 16 (2.67%) Algorithms
7 15 (2.50%) PKI
8 14 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
9 13 (2.17%) Replication
10 10 (1.67%) Data Structures
10 10 (1.67%) Eurex
11 9 (1.50%) ASIC
11 9 (1.50%) Equities
12 8 (1.33%) Smartphone
12 8 (1.33%) Virtual Team
13 7 (1.17%) Clustering
14 6 (1.00%) iPhone
14 6 (1.00%) iSeries
Operating Systems
1 364 (60.67%) Linux
2 144 (24.00%) Windows
3 132 (22.00%) Unix
4 50 (8.33%) Solaris
5 48 (8.00%) CentOS
6 45 (7.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 44 (7.33%) Ubuntu
8 27 (4.50%) Windows Server
9 23 (3.83%) Debian
10 13 (2.17%) SUSE
11 12 (2.00%) OS/400
12 11 (1.83%) Windows Server 2008
13 10 (1.67%) Windows 7
14 8 (1.33%) Android
14 8 (1.33%) Windows 10
14 8 (1.33%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (1.33%) Windows Server 2016
15 7 (1.17%) HPUX
15 7 (1.17%) Mac OS X
16 6 (1.00%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 179 (29.83%) DevOps
2 107 (17.83%) Agile Software Development
3 65 (10.83%) Cybersecurity
4 59 (9.83%) Configuration Management
5 58 (9.67%) Information Security
6 56 (9.33%) Continuous Integration
7 55 (9.17%) Problem-Solving
8 54 (9.00%) Software Engineering
8 54 (9.00%) Test Automation
9 52 (8.67%) Analytics
10 44 (7.33%) Computer Science
11 40 (6.67%) Open Source
12 39 (6.50%) Change Management
12 39 (6.50%) ITIL
13 37 (6.17%) SIEM
14 36 (6.00%) Infrastructure as Code
15 35 (5.83%) Asset Management
16 33 (5.50%) Machine Learning
17 31 (5.17%) Task Automation
18 30 (5.00%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 489 (81.50%) Python
2 287 (47.83%) Bash Shell
3 177 (29.50%) Java
4 166 (27.67%) SQL
5 120 (20.00%) PowerShell
6 109 (18.17%) Ruby
7 93 (15.50%) PHP
8 89 (14.83%) C++
9 84 (14.00%) Shell Script
10 73 (12.17%) C#
11 61 (10.17%) C
12 60 (10.00%) JavaScript
13 44 (7.33%) R
14 41 (6.83%) Go
15 23 (3.83%) PL/SQL
16 11 (1.83%) Groovy
16 11 (1.83%) VBScript
17 9 (1.50%) Fortran
17 9 (1.50%) VB
18 8 (1.33%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 94 (15.67%) Degree
2 54 (9.00%) CISSP
3 41 (6.83%) CISM
4 40 (6.67%) Security Cleared
5 35 (5.83%) CISA
6 31 (5.17%) SC Cleared
7 30 (5.00%) Computer Science Degree
8 13 (2.17%) CEH
8 13 (2.17%) Cisco Certification
9 12 (2.00%) SANS
10 11 (1.83%) CCNP
11 9 (1.50%) DV Cleared
12 7 (1.17%) GPEN
12 7 (1.17%) IBM Certification
12 7 (1.17%) Microsoft Certification
12 7 (1.17%) Postgraduate
13 6 (1.00%) AWS Certification
13 6 (1.00%) CCIE
14 5 (0.83%) CREST Certified
14 5 (0.83%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (4.17%) NIST
2 23 (3.83%) QA
3 15 (2.50%) GDPR
4 11 (1.83%) SLA
5 8 (1.33%) HIPAA
5 8 (1.33%) PCI DSS
6 7 (1.17%) COBIT
7 6 (1.00%) PMO
8 3 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.33%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 97 (16.17%) Docker
2 48 (8.00%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (4.67%) Active Directory
4 12 (2.00%) Firmware
4 12 (2.00%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (2.00%) VMware ESXi
4 12 (2.00%) vSphere
5 11 (1.83%) NFS
6 10 (1.67%) Hyper-V
7 7 (1.17%) KVM
8 6 (1.00%) Btrfs
8 6 (1.00%) Ceph
8 6 (1.00%) DRBD
8 6 (1.00%) vCloud
8 6 (1.00%) Xen
9 3 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.50%) LXC
10 2 (0.33%) ACF2
10 2 (0.33%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.33%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 118 (19.67%) Ansible
2 84 (14.00%) Kubernetes
3 59 (9.83%) Puppet
4 51 (8.50%) Terraform
5 34 (5.67%) Nessus
6 29 (4.83%) Opscode Chef
7 26 (4.33%) Nagios
8 14 (2.33%) QRadar
9 13 (2.17%) Netcool
9 13 (2.17%) Opsview
10 12 (2.00%) Kibana
11 11 (1.83%) SCOM
12 9 (1.50%) Icinga
13 8 (1.33%) Control-M
13 8 (1.33%) CSIRT
13 8 (1.33%) Prometheus
13 8 (1.33%) Rancher
13 8 (1.33%) SCCM
14 7 (1.17%) Docker Swarm
14 7 (1.17%) Packer
Vendors
1 75 (12.50%) Splunk
2 72 (12.00%) Microsoft
3 58 (9.67%) VMware
4 49 (8.17%) Oracle
4 49 (8.17%) Red Hat
5 36 (6.00%) Sun
6 34 (5.67%) Aveksa
6 34 (5.67%) CyberArk
7 29 (4.83%) IBM
8 26 (4.33%) AppDynamics
8 26 (4.33%) ArcSight
8 26 (4.33%) Cisco
8 26 (4.33%) Qualys
8 26 (4.33%) ServiceNow
9 24 (4.00%) Dynatrace
10 17 (2.83%) Google
11 16 (2.67%) Percona
12 14 (2.33%) LogRhythm
12 14 (2.33%) TOWER Software
13 13 (2.17%) Atlassian