Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 346 336 253
Rank change year-on-year -10 -83 -27
Permanent jobs citing Perl 515 1,181 2,067
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.83% 0.94% 1.37%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.42% 1.73% 2.49%
Number of salaries quoted 460 967 1,767
Median annual salary £60,000 £52,900 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.42% -3.82% -
10th Percentile £39,875 £33,250 £36,270
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% +6.61%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 36,172 68,263 83,033
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 58.10% 54.12% 54.96%
Number of salaries quoted 30,562 56,808 69,482
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Salary trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 455 £60,000 +4.35% 112
UK excluding London -19 261 £52,500 +10.53% 86
London +20 214 £70,000 +12.00% 38
Midlands +116 76 £52,500 +5.00% 18
West Midlands +111 74 £51,250 +2.50% 16
Work from Home -16 74 £55,000 +15.79% 28
South East +12 53 £52,500 -4.55% 17
North of England +45 48 £55,000 +15.79% 19
North West +83 41 £55,000 -5.17% 8
South West +16 29 £46,250 -2.63% 8
East of England +61 25 £45,000 - 12
Scotland +10 22 £50,000 +1.01% 9
Northern Ireland +5 6 £55,000 +71.88% 3
Yorkshire -1 5 £47,500 +11.76% 9
North East +15 2 £55,000 -13.65% 2
East Midlands +53 1 £70,000 +33.33% 2
Wales -24 1 £55,000 +22.22%
Channel Islands - 1 £36,000 -

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 423 (82.14%) Python
2 285 (55.34%) Linux
3 187 (36.31%) Bash Shell
4 183 (35.53%) Java
5 166 (32.23%) DevOps
6 150 (29.13%) Unix
7 138 (26.80%) SQL
8 135 (26.21%) Windows
9 134 (26.02%) Ansible
10 107 (20.78%) Agile Software Development
11 106 (20.58%) Problem-Solving
12 105 (20.39%) Jenkins
13 104 (20.19%) Ruby
14 103 (20.00%) PowerShell
15 96 (18.64%) Finance
16 89 (17.28%) C++
17 87 (16.89%) Git (software)
18 86 (16.70%) Azure
19 84 (16.31%) AWS
20 81 (15.73%) C#
20 81 (15.73%) Shell Script
21 76 (14.76%) Puppet
22 75 (14.56%) Analytical Skills
23 72 (13.98%) Docker
23 72 (13.98%) Degree
24 70 (13.59%) Oracle
24 70 (13.59%) Configuration Management
25 69 (13.40%) JavaScript
26 67 (13.01%) VMware
27 65 (12.62%) TCP/IP

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (8.54%) Confluence
2 19 (3.69%) Apache
3 13 (2.52%) OpenStack
4 11 (2.14%) MTS
4 11 (2.14%) WebLogic
5 8 (1.55%) SAS
6 7 (1.36%) WebSphere
7 5 (0.97%) Apache Spark
7 5 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (0.97%) nginx
8 4 (0.78%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.39%) IIS
9 2 (0.39%) JBoss
9 2 (0.39%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.19%) MS Exchange
10 1 (0.19%) Mule
10 1 (0.19%) Oracle Service Bus
10 1 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.19%) SharePoint
Applications
1 9 (1.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.55%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (1.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (1.17%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.78%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 7 (1.36%) Summit
2 3 (0.58%) Hyperion Planning
3 2 (0.39%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 86 (16.70%) Azure
2 84 (16.31%) AWS
3 34 (6.60%) PaaS
4 32 (6.21%) IaaS
5 18 (3.50%) GCP
6 17 (3.30%) SaaS
7 14 (2.72%) Azure Active Directory
8 8 (1.55%) Amazon ECS
9 7 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
10 6 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 6 (1.17%) Cloud Computing
11 5 (0.97%) GitHub
11 5 (0.97%) Serverless
12 4 (0.78%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (0.78%) G Suite
13 3 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
13 3 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
13 3 (0.58%) Power Platform
13 3 (0.58%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
14 2 (0.39%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 65 (12.62%) TCP/IP
2 42 (8.16%) DNS
3 35 (6.80%) Internet
4 34 (6.60%) Firewall
5 28 (5.44%) HTTP
6 26 (5.05%) SSH
7 24 (4.66%) VPN
8 23 (4.47%) SSL
9 21 (4.08%) Ethernet
10 19 (3.69%) DHCP
10 19 (3.69%) SMTP
11 17 (3.30%) FTP
12 16 (3.11%) BGP
12 16 (3.11%) OSPF
13 13 (2.52%) IMAP
13 13 (2.52%) MPLS
13 13 (2.52%) SAN
14 12 (2.33%) WAN
15 10 (1.94%) SNMP
16 8 (1.55%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (7.57%) SQL Server
2 31 (6.02%) PostgreSQL
3 27 (5.24%) Big Data
3 27 (5.24%) MySQL
4 24 (4.66%) MongoDB
5 22 (4.27%) NoSQL
6 21 (4.08%) Relational Database
7 17 (3.30%) DB2
8 14 (2.72%) Data Mining
9 13 (2.52%) Hadoop
10 11 (2.14%) Redis
11 8 (1.55%) CouchDB
11 8 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
12 7 (1.36%) Apache Accumulo
12 7 (1.36%) QlikView
12 7 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 7 (1.36%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 6 (1.17%) Oracle Database
13 6 (1.17%) Oracle Database 11g
13 6 (1.17%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 105 (20.39%) Jenkins
2 87 (16.89%) Git (software)
3 59 (11.46%) JIRA
4 26 (5.05%) Selenium
5 25 (4.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 25 (4.85%) GitLab
6 24 (4.66%) Subversion
7 20 (3.88%) Bitbucket
8 18 (3.50%) Artifactory
9 15 (2.91%) Maven
10 13 (2.52%) Gerrit
10 13 (2.52%) TeamCity
11 10 (1.94%) Ant
11 10 (1.94%) NUnit
11 10 (1.94%) TestNG
11 10 (1.94%) WebDriver
12 8 (1.55%) SonarQube
12 8 (1.55%) Team Foundation Server
13 6 (1.17%) Cucumber
13 6 (1.17%) JMeter
General
1 96 (18.64%) Finance
2 37 (7.18%) Banking
3 31 (6.02%) Retail
4 29 (5.63%) Front Office
4 29 (5.63%) Publishing
5 28 (5.44%) Legal
6 14 (2.72%) Games
7 10 (1.94%) Electronics
8 9 (1.75%) Law
9 8 (1.55%) Back Office
10 7 (1.36%) Financial Institution
10 7 (1.36%) Telecoms
11 6 (1.17%) Aerospace
11 6 (1.17%) Billing
12 4 (0.78%) Investment Banking
12 4 (0.78%) Public Sector
13 3 (0.58%) Automotive
14 2 (0.39%) Police
15 1 (0.19%) French Language
15 1 (0.19%) German Language
Job Titles
1 97 (18.83%) Developer
2 73 (14.17%) DevOps Engineer
3 52 (10.10%) Linux Engineer
4 50 (9.71%) Platform Engineer
5 30 (5.83%) AWS Engineer
6 28 (5.44%) Systems Engineer
7 25 (4.85%) Analyst
8 24 (4.66%) Consultant
9 23 (4.47%) Azure Engineer
9 23 (4.47%) Cloud Engineer
10 22 (4.27%) Software Developer
11 21 (4.08%) Security Engineer
12 20 (3.88%) Administrator
12 20 (3.88%) Applications Support
12 20 (3.88%) AWS DevOps
12 20 (3.88%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 20 (3.88%) Systems Administrator
13 19 (3.69%) Java Developer
14 18 (3.50%) Perl Developer
14 18 (3.50%) Unix Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (7.38%) React
2 34 (6.60%) .NET
3 31 (6.02%) XML
4 28 (5.44%) AngularJS
5 27 (5.24%) HTML
5 27 (5.24%) Node.js
6 25 (4.85%) Web Services
7 24 (4.66%) LDAP
8 18 (3.50%) .NET Framework
9 17 (3.30%) CSS
9 17 (3.30%) JSON
10 16 (3.11%) Java EE
10 16 (3.11%) YAML
11 15 (2.91%) Kafka
11 15 (2.91%) Middleware
12 14 (2.72%) Elastic Stack
12 14 (2.72%) GraphQL
13 13 (2.52%) .NET Core
13 13 (2.52%) Next.js
14 12 (2.33%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 75 (14.56%) Analytical Skills
2 53 (10.29%) Management Information System
3 25 (4.85%) PKI
4 24 (4.66%) Public Cloud
5 21 (4.08%) Data Centre
6 20 (3.88%) SWIFT
7 17 (3.30%) Linux Command Line
8 16 (3.11%) Security Operations Centre
9 13 (2.52%) Self-Motivation
10 12 (2.33%) Virtual Team
11 10 (1.94%) Cloud Native
12 9 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 9 (1.75%) Hedge funds
13 8 (1.55%) Algorithms
13 8 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
13 8 (1.55%) Verilog
14 7 (1.36%) Derivative
14 7 (1.36%) Replication
15 6 (1.17%) VLSI
16 5 (0.97%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 285 (55.34%) Linux
2 150 (29.13%) Unix
3 135 (26.21%) Windows
4 49 (9.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 48 (9.32%) CentOS
6 33 (6.41%) Debian
7 25 (4.85%) Solaris
8 24 (4.66%) Windows Server
9 22 (4.27%) Ubuntu
10 13 (2.52%) Windows Server 2012
11 11 (2.14%) Windows Server 2016
12 8 (1.55%) VMS
13 6 (1.17%) Windows 10
13 6 (1.17%) Windows 7
14 5 (0.97%) AIX
15 4 (0.78%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.78%) Windows Server 2008
16 3 (0.58%) Data ONTAP
16 3 (0.58%) Fedora
16 3 (0.58%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 166 (32.23%) DevOps
2 107 (20.78%) Agile Software Development
3 106 (20.58%) Problem-Solving
4 70 (13.59%) Configuration Management
5 61 (11.84%) Cybersecurity
6 57 (11.07%) Analytics
7 48 (9.32%) Security Operations
8 46 (8.93%) Computer Science
9 45 (8.74%) Open Source
9 45 (8.74%) Software Engineering
9 45 (8.74%) Test Automation
10 44 (8.54%) Information Security
11 42 (8.16%) Scrum
11 42 (8.16%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 39 (7.57%) Continuous Integration
13 37 (7.18%) Infrastructure as Code
14 36 (6.99%) Capacity Planning
15 30 (5.83%) Change Management
15 30 (5.83%) Microservices
15 30 (5.83%) Secure Coding
Programming Languages
1 423 (82.14%) Python
2 187 (36.31%) Bash Shell
3 183 (35.53%) Java
4 138 (26.80%) SQL
5 104 (20.19%) Ruby
6 103 (20.00%) PowerShell
7 89 (17.28%) C++
8 81 (15.73%) C#
8 81 (15.73%) Shell Script
9 69 (13.40%) JavaScript
10 49 (9.51%) Go
11 44 (8.54%) C
12 32 (6.21%) PHP
13 28 (5.44%) PL/SQL
14 14 (2.72%) TypeScript
15 13 (2.52%) Groovy
16 12 (2.33%) VB.NET
17 8 (1.55%) AWK
18 7 (1.36%) Scala
18 7 (1.36%) VB
Qualifications
1 72 (13.98%) Degree
2 33 (6.41%) Security Cleared
3 19 (3.69%) SC Cleared
4 16 (3.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.17%) DV Cleared
5 6 (1.17%) GIAC
5 6 (1.17%) ISTQB
5 6 (1.17%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.97%) AWS Certification
6 5 (0.97%) DBS Check
6 5 (0.97%) GCIH
6 5 (0.97%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 4 (0.78%) GCFA
7 4 (0.78%) GCFE
7 4 (0.78%) GREM
7 4 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
7 4 (0.78%) RHCE
8 3 (0.58%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.58%) CISSP
8 3 (0.58%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.11%) QA
2 15 (2.91%) GDPR
3 13 (2.52%) PMO
4 12 (2.33%) NIST
5 11 (2.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (1.36%) OASIS TOSCA
6 7 (1.36%) SLA
7 4 (0.78%) ISO 26262
7 4 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 3 (0.58%) COBIT
9 2 (0.39%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.19%) DO-254
10 1 (0.19%) EMIR
10 1 (0.19%) IEC 61508
10 1 (0.19%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 17025
System Software
1 72 (13.98%) Docker
2 57 (11.07%) VMware Infrastructure
3 51 (9.90%) Active Directory
4 23 (4.47%) Firmware
5 21 (4.08%) KVM
6 15 (2.91%) BitLocker
7 12 (2.33%) Xen
8 10 (1.94%) Hyper-V
8 10 (1.94%) RHEV
9 8 (1.55%) Samba
10 7 (1.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 6 (1.17%) NFS
11 6 (1.17%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.78%) Btrfs
12 4 (0.78%) Ceph
12 4 (0.78%) DRBD
13 3 (0.58%) GPFS
13 3 (0.58%) OCFS2
13 3 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.58%) qmail
Systems Management
1 134 (26.02%) Ansible
2 76 (14.76%) Puppet
3 60 (11.65%) Kubernetes
4 55 (10.68%) Terraform
5 34 (6.60%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (6.02%) SCCM
7 19 (3.69%) Norton AntiVirus
8 14 (2.72%) Nagios
8 14 (2.72%) SCOM
9 12 (2.33%) CFEngine
10 11 (2.14%) Grafana
11 9 (1.75%) ITRS Geneos
12 8 (1.55%) SCOrch
13 7 (1.36%) Prometheus
14 6 (1.17%) Control-M
14 6 (1.17%) Docker Swarm
15 5 (0.97%) Consul
15 5 (0.97%) Graylog
15 5 (0.97%) Oracle ZFS
15 5 (0.97%) Rancher
Vendors
1 70 (13.59%) Oracle
2 67 (13.01%) VMware
3 59 (11.46%) Microsoft
4 40 (7.77%) Red Hat
5 39 (7.57%) IBM
6 23 (4.47%) ServiceNow
7 22 (4.27%) Google
8 21 (4.08%) Symantec
9 20 (3.88%) Cisco
10 19 (3.69%) Atlassian
10 19 (3.69%) FireEye
10 19 (3.69%) McAfee
10 19 (3.69%) Tanium
11 16 (3.11%) TOWER Software
12 10 (1.94%) CrowdStrike
12 10 (1.94%) Sybase
12 10 (1.94%) TIBCO
13 9 (1.75%) Juniper
14 7 (1.36%) Alcatel-Lucent
14 7 (1.36%) Apple