Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 453 332 272
Rank change year-on-year -121 -60 -35
Permanent jobs citing Perl 718 609 1,820
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.64% 0.88% 1.26%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.16% 1.57% 2.35%
Number of salaries quoted 480 474 1,193
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £42,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £58,100
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% -1.03% +10.67%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,140 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +6.95%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 62,085 38,845 77,349
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.99% 56.29% 53.71%
Number of salaries quoted 42,761 32,259 64,002
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Salary trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -110 632 £62,500 +4.17% 168
London -37 385 £72,500 +3.57% 71
UK excluding London -141 302 £55,000 +10.00% 111
Work from Home -182 94 £54,000 +0.93% 36
South East -93 86 £52,250 +4.50% 24
Midlands -88 50 £60,000 +20.00% 18
North of England -64 43 £57,500 +0.12% 24
South West -72 43 £52,500 +10.53% 12
West Midlands -62 37 £60,000 +9.09% 16
Scotland -74 32 £60,000 +12.15% 11
North West -48 31 £57,500 -6.07% 17
East of England -58 29 £45,000 -10.00% 19
Northern Ireland -28 21 £75,000 +150.00% 2
East Midlands -51 15 £61,250 +44.12% 2
Yorkshire -77 9 £57,500 +1.77% 5
Wales -38 6 £47,500 +18.75% 1
North East - 5 £62,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 589 (82.03%) Python
2 430 (59.89%) Linux
3 304 (42.34%) Bash Shell
4 223 (31.06%) Java
5 215 (29.94%) AWS
6 214 (29.81%) Unix
7 203 (28.27%) Agile Software Development
8 198 (27.58%) DevOps
9 194 (27.02%) SQL
10 172 (23.96%) Finance
11 169 (23.54%) Social Skills
12 167 (23.26%) Windows
13 163 (22.70%) Docker
14 161 (22.42%) Ansible
15 153 (21.31%) Azure
16 152 (21.17%) JavaScript
17 149 (20.75%) MySQL
18 146 (20.33%) Kubernetes
19 135 (18.80%) Puppet
20 132 (18.38%) Oracle
21 125 (17.41%) Terraform
22 121 (16.85%) Jenkins
23 120 (16.71%) Degree
24 112 (15.60%) Ruby
25 111 (15.46%) PowerShell
26 108 (15.04%) PHP
26 108 (15.04%) Configuration Management
27 105 (14.62%) Software Engineering
28 100 (13.93%) Web Services
29 99 (13.79%) Git (software)

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (7.94%) Apache
2 47 (6.55%) Elasticsearch
3 35 (4.87%) Tomcat
4 34 (4.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 31 (4.32%) IIS
6 25 (3.48%) nginx
7 23 (3.20%) Apache Spark
8 21 (2.92%) SharePoint
9 20 (2.79%) Confluence
10 18 (2.51%) WebLogic
11 13 (1.81%) JBoss
11 13 (1.81%) OpenStack
12 11 (1.53%) ejabberd
13 6 (0.84%) Drupal
13 6 (0.84%) Jupyter
13 6 (0.84%) OpenEdge
14 5 (0.70%) MTS
14 5 (0.70%) Oracle HTTP Server
15 3 (0.42%) Apache Solr
15 3 (0.42%) WebSphere
Applications
1 11 (1.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.84%) Gephi
3 4 (0.56%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 4 (0.56%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.56%) Fireworks
3 4 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.56%) Photoshop
3 4 (0.56%) Sketch
4 3 (0.42%) SPSS
5 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (0.97%) Remedy ITSM
2 5 (0.70%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.56%) Summit
4 2 (0.28%) FastStats
4 2 (0.28%) FastStats PeopleStage
4 2 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.14%) Hyperion Planning
5 1 (0.14%) Minerva
5 1 (0.14%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.14%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 215 (29.94%) AWS
2 153 (21.31%) Azure
3 96 (13.37%) PaaS
4 91 (12.67%) SaaS
5 85 (11.84%) IaaS
6 61 (8.50%) GCP
7 60 (8.36%) AWS CloudFormation
8 36 (5.01%) GitHub
9 21 (2.92%) Microsoft 365
10 16 (2.23%) AWS CodePipeline
11 15 (2.09%) Amazon EC2
11 15 (2.09%) OpenShift
12 13 (1.81%) Amazon EKS
13 12 (1.67%) Azure Active Directory
13 12 (1.67%) Azure Pipelines
13 12 (1.67%) Datadog
14 11 (1.53%) AWS CodeCommit
15 10 (1.39%) OneDrive
15 10 (1.39%) Power Platform
16 9 (1.25%) WhatsApp
Communications & Networking
1 89 (12.40%) Firewall
2 67 (9.33%) DNS
3 60 (8.36%) TCP/IP
4 57 (7.94%) HTTP
5 48 (6.69%) Internet
6 40 (5.57%) VPN
7 33 (4.60%) LAN
8 28 (3.90%) BGP
9 26 (3.62%) WAN
10 22 (3.06%) SNMP
10 22 (3.06%) SSL
11 20 (2.79%) DHCP
12 18 (2.51%) SMTP
12 18 (2.51%) Wireshark
13 17 (2.37%) MPLS
14 15 (2.09%) Diameter Protocol
14 15 (2.09%) Ethernet
14 15 (2.09%) OSPF
15 13 (1.81%) FIX Connectivity
16 12 (1.67%) Asterisk PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 149 (20.75%) MySQL
2 90 (12.53%) PostgreSQL
3 88 (12.26%) SQL Server
4 52 (7.24%) Relational Database
5 51 (7.10%) NoSQL
6 47 (6.55%) MongoDB
7 42 (5.85%) Big Data
8 26 (3.62%) Oracle Database
8 26 (3.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 26 (3.62%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 23 (3.20%) Data Warehouse
10 19 (2.65%) Apache Cassandra
11 17 (2.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 17 (2.37%) Hadoop
12 16 (2.23%) Data Mining
13 14 (1.95%) RDBMS
14 13 (1.81%) MariaDB
15 12 (1.67%) Oracle Exadata
16 11 (1.53%) DB2
17 10 (1.39%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 121 (16.85%) Jenkins
2 99 (13.79%) Git (software)
3 64 (8.91%) GitLab
3 64 (8.91%) JIRA
4 40 (5.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 33 (4.60%) CircleCI
6 22 (3.06%) Vagrant
7 16 (2.23%) Selenium
8 14 (1.95%) Bitbucket
9 13 (1.81%) Subversion
9 13 (1.81%) Visual Studio
10 9 (1.25%) Cucumber
10 9 (1.25%) JMeter
11 8 (1.11%) git-flow
12 7 (0.97%) JUnit
13 6 (0.84%) Bitbucket Server
13 6 (0.84%) Maven
14 5 (0.70%) Ant
14 5 (0.70%) Browser DevTools
14 5 (0.70%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 172 (23.96%) Finance
2 169 (23.54%) Social Skills
3 94 (13.09%) Analytical Skills
4 69 (9.61%) Banking
5 44 (6.13%) Front Office
6 35 (4.87%) Games
7 31 (4.32%) Investment Banking
8 29 (4.04%) Law
9 26 (3.62%) Public Sector
10 23 (3.20%) Electronics
11 21 (2.92%) Back Office
11 21 (2.92%) Retail
11 21 (2.92%) Telecoms
12 19 (2.65%) Legal
13 17 (2.37%) Organisational Skills
14 16 (2.23%) Marketing
15 12 (1.67%) Documentation Skills
16 10 (1.39%) Advertising
17 8 (1.11%) Automotive
17 8 (1.11%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 101 (14.07%) Developer
2 91 (12.67%) DevOps Engineer
3 64 (8.91%) Applications Support
4 53 (7.38%) Analyst
5 51 (7.10%) Software Engineer
6 47 (6.55%) Cloud Engineer
7 42 (5.85%) AWS Engineer
8 41 (5.71%) Platform Engineer
9 40 (5.57%) Administrator
10 36 (5.01%) AWS DevOps
10 36 (5.01%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 34 (4.74%) Support Analyst
12 33 (4.60%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 32 (4.46%) Support Engineer
14 29 (4.04%) Linux Administrator
15 28 (3.90%) Consultant
15 28 (3.90%) Systems Engineer
16 27 (3.76%) Applications Support Analyst
17 26 (3.62%) Java Developer
18 24 (3.34%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 100 (13.93%) Web Services
2 60 (8.36%) REST
3 54 (7.52%) LAMP
4 52 (7.24%) .NET
4 52 (7.24%) Node.js
5 51 (7.10%) HTML
6 46 (6.41%) GraphQL
7 43 (5.99%) FIX Protocol
8 37 (5.15%) React
8 37 (5.15%) XML
9 36 (5.01%) AngularJS
10 32 (4.46%) Elastic Stack
11 28 (3.90%) SOAP
12 25 (3.48%) .NET Core
13 24 (3.34%) CSS
13 24 (3.34%) JSON
14 23 (3.20%) LAPP Stack
15 22 (3.06%) Django
16 21 (2.92%) Kafka
17 17 (2.37%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 75 (10.45%) Public Cloud
2 67 (9.33%) Data Centre
3 33 (4.60%) Linux Command Line
4 32 (4.46%) Enterprise Software
5 31 (4.32%) Equities
6 28 (3.90%) Virtual Team
7 23 (3.20%) Clustering
7 23 (3.20%) Derivative
8 22 (3.06%) Greenfield Project
9 19 (2.65%) Management Information System
10 18 (2.51%) Algorithms
10 18 (2.51%) PKI
11 17 (2.37%) Private Cloud
12 13 (1.81%) Data Structures
12 13 (1.81%) Fixed Income
12 13 (1.81%) Self-Motivation
13 12 (1.67%) Eurex
13 12 (1.67%) Video\Live Streaming
14 10 (1.39%) Replication
14 10 (1.39%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 430 (59.89%) Linux
2 214 (29.81%) Unix
3 167 (23.26%) Windows
4 59 (8.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 53 (7.38%) CentOS
6 37 (5.15%) Windows Server
7 36 (5.01%) Solaris
8 32 (4.46%) Ubuntu
9 21 (2.92%) Debian
10 11 (1.53%) Embedded Linux
11 7 (0.97%) SUSE
11 7 (0.97%) VMS
11 7 (0.97%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (0.84%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.70%) Check Point GAiA
13 5 (0.70%) FreeBSD
13 5 (0.70%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 5 (0.70%) Windows 7
13 5 (0.70%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.56%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 203 (28.27%) Agile Software Development
2 198 (27.58%) DevOps
3 108 (15.04%) Configuration Management
4 105 (14.62%) Software Engineering
5 99 (13.79%) Infrastructure as Code
6 86 (11.98%) Computer Science
7 81 (11.28%) Problem-Solving
8 78 (10.86%) Continuous Integration
9 70 (9.75%) Scrum
10 61 (8.50%) Microservices
11 57 (7.94%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 56 (7.80%) High Availability
12 56 (7.80%) Load Balancing
12 56 (7.80%) Open Source
13 49 (6.82%) ITIL
14 47 (6.55%) Mentoring
15 43 (5.99%) Cybersecurity
16 42 (5.85%) Analytics
16 42 (5.85%) Test Automation
17 40 (5.57%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 589 (82.03%) Python
2 304 (42.34%) Bash Shell
3 223 (31.06%) Java
4 194 (27.02%) SQL
5 152 (21.17%) JavaScript
6 112 (15.60%) Ruby
7 111 (15.46%) PowerShell
8 108 (15.04%) PHP
9 98 (13.65%) C
10 94 (13.09%) Shell Script
11 89 (12.40%) C++
12 77 (10.72%) Go
13 74 (10.31%) C#
14 21 (2.92%) Korn
15 20 (2.79%) VBA
16 16 (2.23%) TypeScript
16 16 (2.23%) VB
16 16 (2.23%) VB.NET
17 15 (2.09%) Groovy
17 15 (2.09%) Scala
Qualifications
1 120 (16.71%) Degree
2 76 (10.58%) Security Cleared
3 60 (8.36%) SC Cleared
4 40 (5.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (2.79%) Cisco Certification
6 17 (2.37%) Microsoft Certification
7 12 (1.67%) CCNA
7 12 (1.67%) Master's Degree
8 11 (1.53%) HNC
9 10 (1.39%) DV Cleared
9 10 (1.39%) HND
10 7 (0.97%) CISSP
10 7 (0.97%) SANS
11 6 (0.84%) CEH
11 6 (0.84%) CompTIA Security+
11 6 (0.84%) GIAC
11 6 (0.84%) MCSA
11 6 (0.84%) MCSE
11 6 (0.84%) Network+ Certification
11 6 (0.84%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (4.74%) QA
2 22 (3.06%) MiFID
3 12 (1.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (1.25%) SLA
5 7 (0.97%) GDPR
5 7 (0.97%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.84%) NIST
7 4 (0.56%) Accessibility
7 4 (0.56%) HIPAA
7 4 (0.56%) JTAG
7 4 (0.56%) OASIS TOSCA
7 4 (0.56%) WAI
7 4 (0.56%) WCAG
8 3 (0.42%) ISO 26262
8 3 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.28%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.28%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.14%) NCSC
System Software
1 163 (22.70%) Docker
2 51 (7.10%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (5.29%) Active Directory
4 34 (4.74%) KVM
5 23 (3.20%) iptables
6 17 (2.37%) Postfix
7 13 (1.81%) QEMU
8 12 (1.67%) Oracle RAC
9 11 (1.53%) Kamailio
10 9 (1.25%) Firmware
10 9 (1.25%) Hyper-V
11 8 (1.11%) NFS
11 8 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
11 8 (1.11%) Xen
12 7 (0.97%) HDFS
13 6 (0.84%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.84%) LXC
13 6 (0.84%) Samba
14 5 (0.70%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 4 (0.56%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 161 (22.42%) Ansible
2 146 (20.33%) Kubernetes
3 135 (18.80%) Puppet
4 125 (17.41%) Terraform
5 96 (13.37%) Opscode Chef
6 48 (6.69%) CFEngine
7 28 (3.90%) SCCM
8 22 (3.06%) Nagios
9 19 (2.65%) ZABBIX
10 18 (2.51%) HAProxy
11 15 (2.09%) Demisto
11 15 (2.09%) Red Hat Satellite
12 14 (1.95%) Galera Cluster
12 14 (1.95%) Grafana
13 13 (1.81%) Oracle RMAN
14 12 (1.67%) Prometheus
15 11 (1.53%) Rundeck
16 9 (1.25%) Icinga
16 9 (1.25%) Salt
17 8 (1.11%) Kibana
Vendors
1 132 (18.38%) Oracle
2 78 (10.86%) Microsoft
3 69 (9.61%) Red Hat
4 63 (8.77%) VMware
5 55 (7.66%) Splunk
6 47 (6.55%) Cisco
7 45 (6.27%) Google
8 28 (3.90%) ServiceNow
9 27 (3.76%) HP
9 27 (3.76%) Juniper
10 25 (3.48%) IBM
11 19 (2.65%) Sybase
12 17 (2.37%) Percona
13 16 (2.23%) Bloomberg
14 15 (2.09%) ArcSight
15 14 (1.95%) EMC
15 14 (1.95%) SAP
16 13 (1.81%) GENBAND
16 13 (1.81%) Mitel
16 13 (1.81%) SonicWALL