Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 350 259 236
Rank change year-on-year -91 -23 -59
Permanent jobs citing Perl 999 1,950 2,621
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.84% 1.32% 1.49%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.55% 2.40% 2.66%
Number of salaries quoted 812 1,624 2,115
Median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £33,300 £36,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,125 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 64,536 81,084 98,711
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.34% 54.72% 56.02%
Number of salaries quoted 53,194 66,843 83,306
Median annual salary £52,875 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.71% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,500
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +2.35%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Salary trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Salary histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -126 854 £60,000 +4.35% 165
UK excluding London -14 554 £47,500 -5.00% 109
London -119 432 £69,500 +11.20% 74
South East +1 200 £55,000 +4.76% 35
North of England -54 78 £51,250 -6.82% 13
Wales +38 57 £42,500 -5.56% 6
South West +19 54 £45,000 +5.88% 9
Scotland +13 50 £49,750 +10.56% 11
Midlands +9 47 £50,000 +13.64% 11
East of England -3 43 £46,158 -5.32% 23
Yorkshire -22 42 £42,500 -29.17% 4
West Midlands +5 35 £51,547 +17.15% 8
North West -10 35 £57,430 +8.51% 7
Work from Home -46 26 £52,500 - 3
Northern Ireland +32 25 £32,000 -36.00% 1
East Midlands +21 12 £50,000 -9.09% 3
North East -21 1 £71,561 +43.12% 2

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 787 (78.78%) Python
2 676 (67.67%) Linux
3 494 (49.45%) Bash Shell
4 338 (33.83%) DevOps
5 311 (31.13%) AWS
6 298 (29.83%) Java
7 292 (29.23%) SQL
8 252 (25.23%) Unix
9 242 (24.22%) Agile Software Development
10 241 (24.12%) Windows
11 236 (23.62%) Ruby
12 222 (22.22%) Finance
13 214 (21.42%) Docker
14 207 (20.72%) Puppet
15 205 (20.52%) Git (software)
16 197 (19.72%) Ansible
17 185 (18.52%) Jenkins
18 173 (17.32%) Shell Script
19 168 (16.82%) PowerShell
20 166 (16.62%) Azure
21 165 (16.52%) Microsoft
22 162 (16.22%) Kubernetes
23 153 (15.32%) PHP
24 147 (14.71%) Degree
24 147 (14.71%) MySQL
25 137 (13.71%) Configuration Management
26 131 (13.11%) DNS
27 129 (12.91%) Oracle
28 128 (12.81%) C++
29 124 (12.41%) SQL Server

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (10.11%) Apache
1 101 (10.11%) Tomcat
2 64 (6.41%) WebSphere
3 40 (4.00%) nginx
4 38 (3.80%) IIS
5 31 (3.10%) JBoss
6 28 (2.80%) Confluence
7 27 (2.70%) Apache Spark
8 21 (2.10%) Elasticsearch
9 17 (1.70%) CICS
9 17 (1.70%) Drupal
10 14 (1.40%) IBM HTTP Server
11 11 (1.10%) OpenStack
12 10 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
13 9 (0.90%) WebSphere Application Server
14 8 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 8 (0.80%) CMS
14 8 (0.80%) Oracle HTTP Server
14 8 (0.80%) SharePoint
14 8 (0.80%) WebLogic
Applications
1 7 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.20%) Gephi
3 2 (0.20%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 7 (0.70%) thinkFolio
2 4 (0.40%) assyst
2 4 (0.40%) Oracle BRM
2 4 (0.40%) Remedy ITSM
3 3 (0.30%) Magento
3 3 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.20%) Rolfe and Nolan
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.10%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 311 (31.13%) AWS
2 166 (16.62%) Azure
3 76 (7.61%) GCP
4 65 (6.51%) SaaS
5 46 (4.60%) Cloud Computing
6 44 (4.40%) PaaS
7 39 (3.90%) Amazon EC2
8 32 (3.20%) IaaS
9 31 (3.10%) OpenShift
10 27 (2.70%) Amazon S3
11 18 (1.80%) Office 365
12 17 (1.70%) GitHub
13 16 (1.60%) Serverless
13 16 (1.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 15 (1.50%) Azure Active Directory
15 14 (1.40%) Azure Data Factory
16 13 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 12 (1.20%) Amazon ELB
17 12 (1.20%) Amazon Glacier
18 11 (1.10%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 131 (13.11%) DNS
2 122 (12.21%) TCP/IP
3 104 (10.41%) Firewall
4 88 (8.81%) HTTP
5 58 (5.81%) DHCP
6 50 (5.01%) SMTP
7 46 (4.60%) SSH
8 42 (4.20%) Internet
8 42 (4.20%) LAN
9 41 (4.10%) WAN
10 35 (3.50%) SAN
11 33 (3.30%) VPN
12 31 (3.10%) NAS
13 27 (2.70%) SSL
14 20 (2.00%) FTP
15 18 (1.80%) Wireshark
16 15 (1.50%) BGP
16 15 (1.50%) Software-Defined Networking
17 14 (1.40%) OSPF
18 12 (1.20%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 147 (14.71%) MySQL
2 124 (12.41%) SQL Server
3 71 (7.11%) Relational Database
4 57 (5.71%) NoSQL
5 49 (4.90%) Big Data
6 43 (4.30%) PostgreSQL
7 42 (4.20%) Hadoop
8 39 (3.90%) MongoDB
9 29 (2.90%) DB2
10 28 (2.80%) RDBMS
11 25 (2.50%) SQL Server 2008
12 24 (2.40%) SQL Server 2012
13 23 (2.30%) Apache Cassandra
14 22 (2.20%) Oracle Database
15 21 (2.10%) Amazon RDS
15 21 (2.10%) HBase
16 17 (1.70%) MariaDB
17 15 (1.50%) Apache Hive
17 15 (1.50%) SQL Server 2016
17 15 (1.50%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 205 (20.52%) Git (software)
2 185 (18.52%) Jenkins
3 89 (8.91%) JIRA
4 48 (4.80%) Subversion
5 38 (3.80%) Selenium
6 22 (2.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 21 (2.10%) git-flow
8 20 (2.00%) GitLab
8 20 (2.00%) TeamCity
9 19 (1.90%) Bitbucket
9 19 (1.90%) Maven
10 18 (1.80%) RSpec
10 18 (1.80%) Vagrant
11 17 (1.70%) Gradle
11 17 (1.70%) JUnit
12 16 (1.60%) Bugzilla
13 15 (1.50%) JMeter
14 14 (1.40%) gulp
15 12 (1.20%) HP UFT
15 12 (1.20%) LoadRunner
General
1 222 (22.22%) Finance
2 53 (5.31%) Banking
3 49 (4.90%) Electronics
4 34 (3.40%) Advertising
5 31 (3.10%) Public Sector
6 30 (3.00%) Front Office
6 30 (3.00%) Telecoms
7 27 (2.70%) Retail
8 22 (2.20%) Marketing
9 20 (2.00%) Billing
10 19 (1.90%) Manufacturing
11 17 (1.70%) Aerospace
12 16 (1.60%) Games
12 16 (1.60%) Investment Banking
13 11 (1.10%) French Language
13 11 (1.10%) German Language
14 10 (1.00%) Financial Institution
14 10 (1.00%) Italian Language
14 10 (1.00%) Law
14 10 (1.00%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 165 (16.52%) Developer
2 152 (15.22%) DevOps Engineer
3 89 (8.91%) Analyst
4 67 (6.71%) Perl Developer
5 60 (6.01%) Applications Support
6 53 (5.31%) Support Engineer
7 50 (5.01%) Linux Engineer
7 50 (5.01%) Software Engineer
8 45 (4.50%) Architect
8 45 (4.50%) Systems Engineer
9 44 (4.40%) Administrator
10 43 (4.30%) Unix Engineer
11 41 (4.10%) Junior
12 38 (3.80%) Support Analyst
13 37 (3.70%) Senior Developer
14 35 (3.50%) Java Developer
15 34 (3.40%) AWS Engineer
15 34 (3.40%) Consultant
16 30 (3.00%) Cloud Engineer
17 28 (2.80%) Applications Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (6.31%) Web Services
2 49 (4.90%) .NET
3 46 (4.60%) LAMP
4 39 (3.90%) REST
5 38 (3.80%) HTML
6 36 (3.60%) Middleware
6 36 (3.60%) Node.js
7 33 (3.30%) Kafka
8 31 (3.10%) AngularJS
9 28 (2.80%) FIX Protocol
9 28 (2.80%) JSON
10 27 (2.70%) Elastic Stack
10 27 (2.70%) LDAP
11 26 (2.60%) CSS
12 25 (2.50%) Catalyst
12 25 (2.50%) Moose
13 24 (2.40%) XML
14 22 (2.20%) DBIx::Class
14 22 (2.20%) Plack
14 22 (2.20%) SailPoint
Miscellaneous
1 63 (6.31%) User Experience
2 57 (5.71%) Analytical Skills
3 53 (5.31%) Linux Command Line
4 44 (4.40%) Data Centre
5 38 (3.80%) Management Information System
6 33 (3.30%) Public Cloud
7 25 (2.50%) Equities
8 24 (2.40%) Cloud Native
9 22 (2.20%) Mainframe
10 20 (2.00%) Private Cloud
11 19 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
12 18 (1.80%) Hedge funds
13 17 (1.70%) iSeries
13 17 (1.70%) Self-Motivation
14 16 (1.60%) Algorithms
15 14 (1.40%) Fixed Income
15 14 (1.40%) Replication
15 14 (1.40%) Security Operations Centre
16 13 (1.30%) Hybrid Cloud
16 13 (1.30%) IBM Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 676 (67.67%) Linux
2 252 (25.23%) Unix
3 241 (24.12%) Windows
4 76 (7.61%) CentOS
5 70 (7.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 63 (6.31%) Windows Server
7 62 (6.21%) Ubuntu
8 52 (5.21%) Solaris
9 44 (4.40%) OS/400
10 23 (2.30%) Debian
11 17 (1.70%) Windows Server 2008
12 13 (1.30%) VMS
13 11 (1.10%) HPUX
13 11 (1.10%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.80%) Embedded Linux
14 8 (0.80%) Kali Linux
14 8 (0.80%) SUSE
14 8 (0.80%) Windows 7
15 7 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
16 6 (0.60%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 338 (33.83%) DevOps
2 242 (24.22%) Agile Software Development
3 137 (13.71%) Configuration Management
4 117 (11.71%) Test Automation
5 114 (11.41%) Problem-Solving
6 103 (10.31%) Software Engineering
7 99 (9.91%) Continuous Integration
8 85 (8.51%) Computer Science
9 79 (7.91%) ITIL
10 66 (6.61%) Analytics
10 66 (6.61%) Open Source
11 65 (6.51%) OO
11 65 (6.51%) Scrum
12 62 (6.21%) Microservices
13 61 (6.11%) Project Management
14 60 (6.01%) Cybersecurity
14 60 (6.01%) Infrastructure as Code
15 59 (5.91%) Migration
16 58 (5.81%) Fintech
17 55 (5.51%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 787 (78.78%) Python
2 494 (49.45%) Bash Shell
3 298 (29.83%) Java
4 292 (29.23%) SQL
5 236 (23.62%) Ruby
6 173 (17.32%) Shell Script
7 168 (16.82%) PowerShell
8 153 (15.32%) PHP
9 128 (12.81%) C++
10 118 (11.81%) C#
11 116 (11.61%) C
12 110 (11.01%) JavaScript
13 71 (7.11%) Go
14 47 (4.70%) PL/SQL
15 44 (4.40%) Korn
16 35 (3.50%) Groovy
16 35 (3.50%) R
17 21 (2.10%) VB
18 19 (1.90%) VBScript
19 16 (1.60%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 147 (14.71%) Degree
2 65 (6.51%) Security Cleared
3 52 (5.21%) SC Cleared
4 45 (4.50%) CISSP
5 40 (4.00%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (3.00%) IBM Certification
7 29 (2.90%) CISM
8 24 (2.40%) CISA
9 21 (2.10%) CEH
10 18 (1.80%) ISEB
10 18 (1.80%) ISTQB
11 17 (1.70%) DV Cleared
12 16 (1.60%) Cisco Certification
12 16 (1.60%) Microsoft Certification
13 14 (1.40%) OSCP
13 14 (1.40%) PMI Certification
13 14 (1.40%) PMP
14 12 (1.20%) CCNP
14 12 (1.20%) MCSE
15 9 (0.90%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (5.21%) QA
2 11 (1.10%) SLA
3 6 (0.60%) GDPR
3 6 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.50%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.40%) HIPAA
6 2 (0.20%) FedRAMP
6 2 (0.20%) FISMA
7 1 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.10%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.10%) JTAG
7 1 (0.10%) MiFID
7 1 (0.10%) NCSC
7 1 (0.10%) NIST
System Software
1 214 (21.42%) Docker
2 73 (7.31%) VMware Infrastructure
3 51 (5.11%) Active Directory
4 34 (3.40%) NFS
5 33 (3.30%) Virtual Machines
6 21 (2.10%) Firmware
7 17 (1.70%) Xen
8 15 (1.50%) KVM
9 14 (1.40%) ACF2
9 14 (1.40%) Hyper-V
9 14 (1.40%) LXC
9 14 (1.40%) RACF
9 14 (1.40%) VMware ESXi
9 14 (1.40%) XenApp
10 11 (1.10%) vSphere
11 9 (0.90%) Oracle RAC
12 6 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 6 (0.60%) iptables
12 6 (0.60%) QEMU
12 6 (0.60%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 207 (20.72%) Puppet
2 197 (19.72%) Ansible
3 162 (16.22%) Kubernetes
4 110 (11.01%) Terraform
5 106 (10.61%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (3.40%) Salt
7 31 (3.10%) Nessus
8 30 (3.00%) Nagios
9 25 (2.50%) ZABBIX
10 24 (2.40%) Icinga
11 19 (1.90%) Kibana
12 17 (1.70%) Packer
12 17 (1.70%) Prometheus
13 16 (1.60%) Consul
14 14 (1.40%) Grafana
15 9 (0.90%) Control-M
15 9 (0.90%) Nmap
16 8 (0.80%) HAProxy
16 8 (0.80%) SELinux
17 7 (0.70%) QRadar
Vendors
1 165 (16.52%) Microsoft
2 129 (12.91%) Oracle
3 106 (10.61%) Red Hat
4 95 (9.51%) VMware
5 80 (8.01%) Splunk
6 68 (6.81%) IBM
7 40 (4.00%) Google
8 37 (3.70%) Cisco
9 34 (3.40%) Sun
10 25 (2.50%) Qualys
11 24 (2.40%) ServiceNow
12 23 (2.30%) Citrix
13 22 (2.20%) Aveksa
13 22 (2.20%) CyberArk
13 22 (2.20%) SAP
14 21 (2.10%) Sybase
15 20 (2.00%) ArcSight
15 20 (2.00%) Atlassian
15 20 (2.00%) HP
16 15 (1.50%) Juniper