Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 245 212 166
Rank change year-on-year -33 -46 -18
Permanent jobs citing Perl 2,185 2,987 3,911
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.37% 1.66% 2.12%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.49% 3.01% 3.99%
Number of salaries quoted 1,670 2,204 3,275
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.70% -3.16% +5.56%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 87,730 99,180 98,038
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.93% 55.20% 53.04%
Number of salaries quoted 72,842 81,926 84,420
UK median annual salary £51,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Perl.

Salary trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 2,061 £55,000 - 334
London -25 1,166 £62,500 - 151
UK excluding London -53 1,001 £50,000 +8.70% 202
South East -100 307 £52,500 +5.00% 43
North of England +89 272 £50,000 +17.65% 56
North West +39 151 £50,000 +8.70% 30
Midlands +17 112 £49,000 +4.81% 30
East of England -60 111 £47,500 +1.27% 28
Yorkshire +81 105 £50,000 +33.33% 19
South West -12 95 £42,500 -5.56% 26
Scotland -3 78 £50,000 +25.00% 13
West Midlands +14 76 £50,000 +5.26% 25
East Midlands +5 36 £41,750 -7.22% 5
Wales -7 17 £45,000 +2.27% 3
North East +3 16 £52,925 +17.61% 7
Northern Ireland -8 11 £62,500 +56.25% 3
Channel Islands -10 2 £29,750 -8.46%

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 1,774 (81.19%) Python
2 1,391 (63.66%) Linux
3 952 (43.57%) Bash Shell
4 776 (35.51%) Java
5 775 (35.47%) DevOps
6 650 (29.75%) Amazon AWS
7 648 (29.66%) SQL
8 629 (28.79%) Finance
9 583 (26.68%) Agile Software Development
10 572 (26.18%) Unix
11 570 (26.09%) Ruby
12 528 (24.16%) Puppet
13 526 (24.07%) Ansible
14 511 (23.39%) Windows
15 403 (18.44%) Degree
16 401 (18.35%) C++
17 392 (17.94%) Git (software)
18 391 (17.89%) Jenkins
19 379 (17.35%) Opscode Chef
19 379 (17.35%) PowerShell
20 376 (17.21%) Oracle
21 370 (16.93%) JavaScript
22 366 (16.75%) Microsoft Azure
23 347 (15.88%) Configuration Management
24 339 (15.51%) PHP
25 338 (15.47%) Problem-Solving
26 326 (14.92%) Continuous Integration
27 319 (14.60%) Docker
28 317 (14.51%) Red Hat
29 294 (13.46%) Apache

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 294 (13.46%) Apache
2 181 (8.28%) Tomcat
3 84 (3.84%) Elasticsearch
4 65 (2.97%) Confluence
5 62 (2.84%) nginx
6 56 (2.56%) Apache Spark
7 42 (1.92%) MS Exchange
8 37 (1.69%) JBoss
9 33 (1.51%) WebSphere
10 32 (1.46%) OpenStack
10 32 (1.46%) Oracle Workflow
11 27 (1.24%) IIS
12 22 (1.01%) WordPress
13 17 (0.78%) Anypoint
13 17 (0.78%) Mule
13 17 (0.78%) SharePoint
13 17 (0.78%) WebLogic
14 13 (0.59%) Apache Pig
15 9 (0.41%) WebSphere Application Server
16 8 (0.37%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 65 (2.97%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (1.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 27 (1.24%) Microsoft Excel
4 19 (0.87%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.092%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.092%) Simulink
6 1 (0.046%) InVision
6 1 (0.046%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 68 (3.11%) thinkFolio
2 29 (1.33%) Front Arena
2 29 (1.33%) Markit EDM
3 6 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
4 5 (0.23%) Relativity
5 4 (0.18%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.18%) Rolfe and Nolan
6 2 (0.092%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.092%) Kondor
6 2 (0.092%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.092%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.046%) Concordance
7 1 (0.046%) CSG Singleview
7 1 (0.046%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.046%) Magento
7 1 (0.046%) PeopleSoft CRM
7 1 (0.046%) Ringtail
Cloud Services
1 650 (29.75%) Amazon AWS
2 366 (16.75%) Microsoft Azure
3 157 (7.19%) Google Cloud Platform
4 113 (5.17%) SaaS
5 67 (3.07%) Cloud Computing
6 65 (2.97%) GitHub
7 61 (2.79%) IaaS
8 56 (2.56%) Office 365
8 56 (2.56%) PaaS
9 52 (2.38%) OpenShift
10 46 (2.11%) AWS CloudFormation
11 34 (1.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 34 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
12 29 (1.33%) Amazon S3
13 25 (1.14%) Serverless
13 25 (1.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 14 (0.64%) Amazon Glacier
14 14 (0.64%) npm
15 13 (0.59%) Azure Active Directory
16 10 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 239 (10.94%) Firewall
2 238 (10.89%) TCP/IP
3 179 (8.19%) DNS
4 105 (4.81%) HTTP
5 85 (3.89%) WAN
6 81 (3.71%) Internet
7 79 (3.62%) VPN
8 78 (3.57%) BGP
9 77 (3.52%) DHCP
10 72 (3.30%) Wireless
11 71 (3.25%) LAN
11 71 (3.25%) MPLS
12 68 (3.11%) Network Security
13 65 (2.97%) SSL
14 62 (2.84%) SAN
15 53 (2.43%) OSPF
16 50 (2.29%) Intrusion Detection
17 41 (1.88%) Wi-Fi
18 32 (1.46%) EIGRP
19 31 (1.42%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 253 (11.58%) SQL Server
2 238 (10.89%) MySQL
3 119 (5.45%) PostgreSQL
4 113 (5.17%) Big Data
5 108 (4.94%) Relational Database
6 99 (4.53%) NoSQL
7 80 (3.66%) Hadoop
8 79 (3.62%) MongoDB
9 43 (1.97%) Couchbase
10 41 (1.88%) Crystal Reports
11 40 (1.83%) Oracle Database
12 39 (1.78%) MariaDB
13 37 (1.69%) Apache Cassandra
14 30 (1.37%) Data Warehouse
15 28 (1.28%) RDBMS
16 27 (1.24%) Redis
17 26 (1.19%) DB2
18 21 (0.96%) Amazon RDS
19 19 (0.87%) Apache Hive
20 14 (0.64%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 392 (17.94%) Git (software)
2 391 (17.89%) Jenkins
3 199 (9.11%) JIRA
4 177 (8.10%) Subversion
5 164 (7.51%) Maven
6 152 (6.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 104 (4.76%) TeamCity
8 76 (3.48%) Bitbucket
9 64 (2.93%) Selenium
10 59 (2.70%) JUnit
11 53 (2.43%) Vagrant
12 51 (2.33%) Gradle
13 29 (1.33%) Hudson
14 28 (1.28%) Ant
14 28 (1.28%) Octopus Deploy
14 28 (1.28%) Sonatype Nexus
15 26 (1.19%) CircleCI
16 24 (1.10%) Cucumber
17 23 (1.05%) Codeship
17 23 (1.05%) Visual Studio
General
1 629 (28.79%) Finance
2 281 (12.86%) Banking
3 167 (7.64%) Front Office
4 125 (5.72%) Investment Banking
5 113 (5.17%) Telecoms
6 73 (3.34%) Law
7 64 (2.93%) French Language
7 64 (2.93%) Marketing
8 59 (2.70%) Italian Language
9 54 (2.47%) Electronics
9 54 (2.47%) Games
9 54 (2.47%) German Language
10 53 (2.43%) Spanish Language
11 51 (2.33%) Financial Institution
12 33 (1.51%) Manufacturing
13 32 (1.46%) Retail
14 25 (1.14%) Automotive
15 23 (1.05%) Back Office
15 23 (1.05%) Military
16 20 (0.92%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 383 (17.53%) Developer
2 381 (17.44%) DevOps Engineer
3 241 (11.03%) Linux Engineer
4 213 (9.75%) Administrator
5 179 (8.19%) Systems Administrator
6 170 (7.78%) Analyst
7 163 (7.46%) Applications Support
8 156 (7.14%) Linux Administrator
9 148 (6.77%) Support Engineer
10 147 (6.73%) Linux Systems Administrator
11 111 (5.08%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 110 (5.03%) Java Developer
13 97 (4.44%) Applications Engineer
13 97 (4.44%) AWS Engineer
14 88 (4.03%) Systems Engineer
15 87 (3.98%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 85 (3.89%) Support Analyst
17 83 (3.80%) AWS DevOps
18 82 (3.75%) Linux DevOps Engineer
19 77 (3.52%) Linux Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 201 (9.20%) HTML
2 194 (8.88%) Web Services
3 155 (7.09%) .NET
4 147 (6.73%) XML
5 127 (5.81%) CSS
6 124 (5.68%) LAMP
7 104 (4.76%) FIX Protocol
8 97 (4.44%) REST
9 86 (3.94%) AngularJS
10 83 (3.80%) Node.js
11 82 (3.75%) JSON
12 67 (3.07%) RESTful
12 67 (3.07%) Spring
13 66 (3.02%) jQuery
14 62 (2.84%) React
15 59 (2.70%) SOAP
16 55 (2.52%) LDAP
17 53 (2.43%) Kafka
18 49 (2.24%) Java EE
19 47 (2.15%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 186 (8.51%) Analytical Skills
2 148 (6.77%) Hedge funds
3 131 (6.00%) Equities
4 120 (5.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 119 (5.45%) Derivative
6 112 (5.13%) Fixed Income
7 111 (5.08%) Data Centre
8 101 (4.62%) Public Cloud
9 97 (4.44%) Fintech
10 83 (3.80%) Linux Command Line
11 78 (3.57%) Self-Motivation
12 77 (3.52%) Management Information System
13 52 (2.38%) Greenfield Project
14 51 (2.33%) User Experience
15 36 (1.65%) Cyberthreat
16 33 (1.51%) Private Cloud
16 33 (1.51%) Replication
17 28 (1.28%) Algorithms
17 28 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
18 27 (1.24%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 1,391 (63.66%) Linux
2 572 (26.18%) Unix
3 511 (23.39%) Windows
4 209 (9.57%) CentOS
5 207 (9.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 146 (6.68%) Ubuntu
6 146 (6.68%) Windows Server
7 67 (3.07%) Debian
8 56 (2.56%) Solaris
9 52 (2.38%) Windows Server 2008
10 46 (2.11%) Android
10 46 (2.11%) SUSE
11 39 (1.78%) Fedora
12 36 (1.65%) AIX
13 23 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
14 21 (0.96%) Apple iOS
15 19 (0.87%) openSUSE
16 16 (0.73%) Kali Linux
17 12 (0.55%) Mac OS X
18 10 (0.46%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 775 (35.47%) DevOps
2 583 (26.68%) Agile Software Development
3 347 (15.88%) Configuration Management
4 338 (15.47%) Problem-Solving
5 326 (14.92%) Continuous Integration
6 276 (12.63%) Computer Science
7 185 (8.47%) Test Automation
8 173 (7.92%) Open Source
9 171 (7.83%) Scrum
10 162 (7.41%) Software Engineering
11 161 (7.37%) ITIL
12 154 (7.05%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 134 (6.13%) Investment Management
14 133 (6.09%) SDLC
15 126 (5.77%) Cybersecurity
16 125 (5.72%) Asset Management
17 121 (5.54%) Information Security
18 109 (4.99%) OO
19 107 (4.90%) Load Balancing
19 107 (4.90%) Low Latency
Programming Languages
1 1,774 (81.19%) Python
2 952 (43.57%) Bash Shell
3 776 (35.51%) Java
4 648 (29.66%) SQL
5 570 (26.09%) Ruby
6 401 (18.35%) C++
7 379 (17.35%) PowerShell
8 370 (16.93%) JavaScript
9 339 (15.51%) PHP
10 280 (12.81%) Shell Script
11 270 (12.36%) C#
12 236 (10.80%) C
13 166 (7.60%) Korn
14 143 (6.54%) Bourne shell
15 74 (3.39%) Go
16 47 (2.15%) VB
17 46 (2.11%) VBScript
18 40 (1.83%) PL/SQL
19 34 (1.56%) R
20 32 (1.46%) C-shell
Qualifications
1 403 (18.44%) Degree
2 135 (6.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 83 (3.80%) Cisco Certification
4 74 (3.39%) CISSP
5 67 (3.07%) CCNP
6 51 (2.33%) Security Cleared
7 47 (2.15%) RHCE
8 46 (2.11%) Numerate Degree
9 37 (1.69%) GIAC
10 34 (1.56%) RHCSA
10 34 (1.56%) SANS
11 31 (1.42%) CCNA
12 29 (1.33%) CEH
13 28 (1.28%) Master's Degree
14 26 (1.19%) CompTIA Security+
15 25 (1.14%) DV Cleared
16 24 (1.10%) AWS Certification
16 24 (1.10%) CCIE
17 22 (1.01%) CSSLP
18 20 (0.92%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (3.34%) QA
2 41 (1.88%) PCI DSS
3 32 (1.46%) GDPR
4 29 (1.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 24 (1.10%) SLA
6 21 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 16 (0.73%) SAS 70
8 9 (0.41%) Data Quality
9 6 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
9 6 (0.27%) PMO
10 3 (0.14%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.14%) MiFID
11 2 (0.092%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.092%) GPG13
11 2 (0.092%) IEC 62304
11 2 (0.092%) ISO 26262
11 2 (0.092%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.092%) JTAG
11 2 (0.092%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.046%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 319 (14.60%) Docker
2 181 (8.28%) VMware Infrastructure
3 159 (7.28%) Active Directory
4 42 (1.92%) Hyper-V
5 29 (1.33%) VMware ESXi
5 29 (1.33%) vSphere
6 22 (1.01%) KVM
7 21 (0.96%) Firmware
8 19 (0.87%) GlusterFS
8 19 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
9 18 (0.82%) NFS
10 13 (0.59%) VirtualBox
11 12 (0.55%) Gluster
12 11 (0.50%) VMware NSX
12 11 (0.50%) XenServer
13 10 (0.46%) Samba
14 9 (0.41%) iptables
15 8 (0.37%) Varnish
16 7 (0.32%) XenApp
16 7 (0.32%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 528 (24.16%) Puppet
2 526 (24.07%) Ansible
3 379 (17.35%) Opscode Chef
4 256 (11.72%) Kubernetes
5 212 (9.70%) Terraform
6 121 (5.54%) Salt
7 89 (4.07%) Nagios
8 41 (1.88%) ZABBIX
9 36 (1.65%) Docker Swarm
10 32 (1.46%) Kibana
11 30 (1.37%) CFEngine
12 29 (1.33%) Cacti
12 29 (1.33%) Packer
13 28 (1.28%) HAProxy
13 28 (1.28%) SCCM
14 21 (0.96%) Munin
15 18 (0.82%) EnCase
15 18 (0.82%) Host Intrusion Detection System
16 17 (0.78%) Nessus
17 16 (0.73%) Grafana
Vendors
1 376 (17.21%) Oracle
2 317 (14.51%) Red Hat
3 257 (11.76%) VMware
4 179 (8.19%) Microsoft
5 150 (6.86%) Cisco
6 138 (6.32%) Google
7 79 (3.62%) Atlassian
8 69 (3.16%) Sybase
9 68 (3.11%) Splunk
10 54 (2.47%) Reuters
11 49 (2.24%) Bloomberg
11 49 (2.24%) CheckPoint
12 47 (2.15%) Tradeweb
13 43 (1.97%) New Relic
14 42 (1.92%) EMC
15 41 (1.88%) Juniper
15 41 (1.88%) MarketAxess
16 39 (1.78%) FXall
16 39 (1.78%) Palo Alto
17 38 (1.74%) IBM