Period
to 15 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 15 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK
6 months to
15 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 368 347 264
Rank change year-on-year -21 -83 -22
Permanent jobs citing Perl 636 960 1,989
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.76% 0.85% 1.34%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.38% 1.57% 2.45%
Number of salaries quoted 442 774 1,529
10th Percentile £38,750 £34,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% - +4.55%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,140 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% +5.26%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,110 61,324 81,181
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.13% 54.55% 54.54%
Number of salaries quoted 37,359 51,073 67,302
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% +2.27%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Salary trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 15 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 15 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 561 £65,000 +8.33% 106
UK excluding London -32 302 £55,000 +15.79% 75
London +19 298 £75,000 +7.14% 41
Midlands +50 66 £60,000 +20.00% 10
Work from Home -88 65 £55,000 +2.80% 17
West Midlands +52 63 £60,000 +16.40% 8
South East -29 63 £50,000 -9.09% 15
South West +31 59 £50,000 +11.11% 2
North of England +6 44 £55,000 +10.00% 25
North West +33 36 £55,000 -2.16% 13
Scotland +2 33 £52,500 +8.25% 6
East of England +31 21 £51,250 +13.89% 13
Northern Ireland -12 11 - - 2
Yorkshire -26 7 £55,000 +48.41% 8
Wales -17 5 £55,000 +29.41% 2
North East +22 2 £58,750 -17.90% 4
East Midlands +18 2 - - 2
Channel Islands - 1 £36,000 -

For the 6 months to 15 April 2021, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 504 (79.25%) Python
2 388 (61.01%) Linux
3 265 (41.67%) Bash Shell
4 192 (30.19%) Java
5 182 (28.62%) SQL
5 182 (28.62%) DevOps
6 168 (26.42%) Unix
7 161 (25.31%) Agile Software Development
8 156 (24.53%) Windows
9 152 (23.90%) Ansible
10 147 (23.11%) AWS
11 131 (20.60%) Finance
12 125 (19.65%) Jenkins
13 123 (19.34%) Puppet
14 120 (18.87%) Problem-Solving
15 112 (17.61%) Azure
16 111 (17.45%) Degree
17 110 (17.30%) Oracle
18 109 (17.14%) Docker
19 103 (16.19%) Ruby
20 101 (15.88%) Configuration Management
21 95 (14.94%) PowerShell
22 92 (14.47%) JavaScript
23 91 (14.31%) Shell Script
23 91 (14.31%) Kubernetes
24 89 (13.99%) Analytical Skills
25 87 (13.68%) Software Engineering
26 86 (13.52%) Opscode Chef
27 83 (13.05%) Computer Science
28 82 (12.89%) C#

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (5.97%) Apache
2 37 (5.82%) Confluence
3 26 (4.09%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 22 (3.46%) Tomcat
5 19 (2.99%) nginx
6 18 (2.83%) IIS
7 15 (2.36%) Apache Spark
8 13 (2.04%) JBoss
8 13 (2.04%) WebLogic
9 12 (1.89%) ejabberd
9 12 (1.89%) OpenStack
10 11 (1.73%) MTS
11 9 (1.42%) Elasticsearch
11 9 (1.42%) SAS
11 9 (1.42%) SharePoint
12 8 (1.26%) Apache Pig
13 5 (0.79%) WebSphere
14 4 (0.63%) Drupal
15 3 (0.47%) Apache Solr
16 1 (0.16%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 12 (1.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.26%) SPSS
3 7 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.94%) Gephi
5 5 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.63%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 4 (0.63%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.63%) Fireworks
6 4 (0.63%) Photoshop
6 4 (0.63%) Sketch
7 2 (0.31%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (2.20%) Summit
2 7 (1.10%) Remedy ITSM
3 6 (0.94%) Hyperion Planning
3 6 (0.94%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.47%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 147 (23.11%) AWS
2 112 (17.61%) Azure
3 59 (9.28%) PaaS
4 55 (8.65%) IaaS
5 38 (5.97%) GCP
6 37 (5.82%) SaaS
7 25 (3.93%) AWS CloudFormation
8 13 (2.04%) Datadog
9 11 (1.73%) Azure Active Directory
9 11 (1.73%) Power Platform
10 7 (1.10%) Azure Data Factory
10 7 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
10 7 (1.10%) Microsoft 365
10 7 (1.10%) Serverless
11 6 (0.94%) Amazon ECS
11 6 (0.94%) GitHub
12 5 (0.79%) Adobe Analytics
12 5 (0.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 5 (0.79%) AWS CodePipeline
12 5 (0.79%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 71 (11.16%) Firewall
2 60 (9.43%) Internet
3 55 (8.65%) DNS
4 47 (7.39%) TCP/IP
5 34 (5.35%) VPN
6 32 (5.03%) HTTP
7 29 (4.56%) SSL
8 27 (4.25%) DHCP
8 27 (4.25%) SSH
9 24 (3.77%) BGP
10 23 (3.62%) Ethernet
11 18 (2.83%) LAN
11 18 (2.83%) SAN
11 18 (2.83%) SNMP
12 16 (2.52%) Diameter Protocol
12 16 (2.52%) MPLS
12 16 (2.52%) SMTP
12 16 (2.52%) WAN
13 13 (2.04%) Wireshark
14 12 (1.89%) Asterisk PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (11.32%) SQL Server
2 67 (10.53%) MySQL
3 53 (8.33%) Relational Database
4 45 (7.08%) Big Data
5 35 (5.50%) PostgreSQL
6 31 (4.87%) MongoDB
7 28 (4.40%) Hadoop
8 23 (3.62%) Data Warehouse
9 22 (3.46%) Oracle Database
9 22 (3.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 22 (3.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 19 (2.99%) NoSQL
11 18 (2.83%) DB2
12 17 (2.67%) Data Mining
13 16 (2.52%) Apache Cassandra
14 14 (2.20%) Oracle Exadata
15 13 (2.04%) RDBMS
16 11 (1.73%) Power BI
16 11 (1.73%) Tableau
17 10 (1.57%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 125 (19.65%) Jenkins
2 79 (12.42%) Git (software)
3 71 (11.16%) JIRA
4 36 (5.66%) GitLab
5 29 (4.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 25 (3.93%) Bitbucket
7 22 (3.46%) Subversion
8 20 (3.14%) Selenium
9 13 (2.04%) Artifactory
10 11 (1.73%) Gerrit
11 9 (1.42%) Maven
12 8 (1.26%) Ant
12 8 (1.26%) git-flow
12 8 (1.26%) JMeter
12 8 (1.26%) Vagrant
13 7 (1.10%) Cucumber
14 6 (0.94%) CircleCI
14 6 (0.94%) SonarQube
14 6 (0.94%) Sonatype Nexus
14 6 (0.94%) Zephyr
General
1 131 (20.60%) Finance
2 57 (8.96%) Banking
3 26 (4.09%) Legal
4 24 (3.77%) Publishing
5 23 (3.62%) Front Office
5 23 (3.62%) Retail
6 20 (3.14%) Games
7 19 (2.99%) Back Office
7 19 (2.99%) Investment Banking
7 19 (2.99%) Public Sector
8 15 (2.36%) Electronics
9 14 (2.20%) Law
10 9 (1.42%) Automotive
11 8 (1.26%) Telecoms
12 7 (1.10%) Advertising
13 6 (0.94%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.94%) Marketing
14 5 (0.79%) Aerospace
15 4 (0.63%) Billing
15 4 (0.63%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 98 (15.41%) Developer
2 70 (11.01%) DevOps Engineer
3 48 (7.55%) Analyst
4 47 (7.39%) Applications Support
4 47 (7.39%) Cloud Engineer
5 39 (6.13%) Linux Engineer
6 38 (5.97%) Platform Engineer
7 37 (5.82%) AWS Engineer
8 36 (5.66%) Administrator
9 33 (5.19%) Software Engineer
9 33 (5.19%) Systems Engineer
10 29 (4.56%) AWS DevOps
10 29 (4.56%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 29 (4.56%) Security Engineer
11 28 (4.40%) Architect
11 28 (4.40%) Support Analyst
12 25 (3.93%) Applications Support Analyst
13 24 (3.77%) Linux Administrator
14 22 (3.46%) Consultant
14 22 (3.46%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (12.74%) Web Services
2 44 (6.92%) Node.js
3 43 (6.76%) .NET
4 40 (6.29%) HTML
5 38 (5.97%) REST
6 35 (5.50%) Elastic Stack
7 34 (5.35%) XML
8 30 (4.72%) AngularJS
8 30 (4.72%) React
8 30 (4.72%) SOAP
9 27 (4.25%) FIX Protocol
10 26 (4.09%) JSON
11 25 (3.93%) LDAP
12 24 (3.77%) GraphQL
13 23 (3.62%) .NET Framework
14 21 (3.30%) CSS
15 19 (2.99%) .NET Core
15 19 (2.99%) LAMP
15 19 (2.99%) Middleware
15 19 (2.99%) Next.js
Miscellaneous
1 89 (13.99%) Analytical Skills
2 41 (6.45%) Management Information System
3 40 (6.29%) Public Cloud
4 38 (5.97%) Data Centre
5 31 (4.87%) Linux Command Line
6 30 (4.72%) Clustering
7 27 (4.25%) Enterprise Software
8 18 (2.83%) PKI
8 18 (2.83%) Virtual Team
9 15 (2.36%) SWIFT
10 14 (2.20%) Derivative
11 13 (2.04%) Equities
12 12 (1.89%) Greenfield Project
12 12 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
13 11 (1.73%) Video\Live Streaming
14 10 (1.57%) Cloud Native
14 10 (1.57%) Security Operations Centre
15 9 (1.42%) Algorithms
15 9 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 9 (1.42%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 388 (61.01%) Linux
2 168 (26.42%) Unix
3 156 (24.53%) Windows
4 67 (10.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 62 (9.75%) CentOS
6 43 (6.76%) Debian
7 38 (5.97%) Ubuntu
8 35 (5.50%) Solaris
9 34 (5.35%) Windows Server
10 11 (1.73%) Embedded Linux
11 10 (1.57%) Windows Server 2012
11 10 (1.57%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (0.94%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.79%) AIX
13 5 (0.79%) VMS
13 5 (0.79%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.63%) Fedora
14 4 (0.63%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.31%) Data ONTAP
15 2 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 182 (28.62%) DevOps
2 161 (25.31%) Agile Software Development
3 120 (18.87%) Problem-Solving
4 101 (15.88%) Configuration Management
5 87 (13.68%) Software Engineering
6 83 (13.05%) Computer Science
7 78 (12.26%) Analytics
8 74 (11.64%) Open Source
9 59 (9.28%) Cybersecurity
10 58 (9.12%) Scrum
11 54 (8.49%) Infrastructure as Code
12 49 (7.70%) Continuous Integration
13 48 (7.55%) Mentoring
14 45 (7.08%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 42 (6.60%) Coaching
15 42 (6.60%) Microservices
16 41 (6.45%) Load Balancing
17 40 (6.29%) High Availability
17 40 (6.29%) Test Automation
18 39 (6.13%) Capacity Planning
Programming Languages
1 504 (79.25%) Python
2 265 (41.67%) Bash Shell
3 192 (30.19%) Java
4 182 (28.62%) SQL
5 103 (16.19%) Ruby
6 95 (14.94%) PowerShell
7 92 (14.47%) JavaScript
8 91 (14.31%) Shell Script
9 82 (12.89%) C#
10 79 (12.42%) C++
11 76 (11.95%) C
12 65 (10.22%) Go
13 59 (9.28%) PHP
14 20 (3.14%) TypeScript
15 16 (2.52%) Korn
16 15 (2.36%) VB
17 14 (2.20%) PL/SQL
18 13 (2.04%) VBA
19 12 (1.89%) Groovy
20 11 (1.73%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 111 (17.45%) Degree
2 70 (11.01%) Security Cleared
3 51 (8.02%) SC Cleared
4 38 (5.97%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.89%) Cisco Certification
5 12 (1.89%) Microsoft Certification
6 11 (1.73%) DV Cleared
6 11 (1.73%) GIAC
6 11 (1.73%) HNC
7 10 (1.57%) HND
8 8 (1.26%) CCNA
9 7 (1.10%) MCSE
10 6 (0.94%) CEH
10 6 (0.94%) CISSP
10 6 (0.94%) ISTQB
10 6 (0.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 6 (0.94%) Linux+ Certification
10 6 (0.94%) Network+ Certification
10 6 (0.94%) SANS
10 6 (0.94%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (4.25%) QA
2 11 (1.73%) SLA
3 9 (1.42%) MiFID
4 7 (1.10%) OASIS TOSCA
5 6 (0.94%) ISO 26262
6 5 (0.79%) NIST
6 5 (0.79%) PMO
7 4 (0.63%) GDPR
7 4 (0.63%) JTAG
7 4 (0.63%) WAI
7 4 (0.63%) WCAG
8 3 (0.47%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.16%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 17025
System Software
1 109 (17.14%) Docker
2 56 (8.81%) KVM
2 56 (8.81%) VMware Infrastructure
3 48 (7.55%) Active Directory
4 22 (3.46%) Xen
5 20 (3.14%) Firmware
6 17 (2.67%) Hyper-V
6 17 (2.67%) Oracle RAC
7 15 (2.36%) Postfix
8 13 (2.04%) iptables
8 13 (2.04%) QEMU
9 12 (1.89%) Kamailio
10 10 (1.57%) BitLocker
10 10 (1.57%) Samba
11 6 (0.94%) Apache Flume
11 6 (0.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 6 (0.94%) HDFS
12 5 (0.79%) Btrfs
12 5 (0.79%) Ceph
12 5 (0.79%) DRBD
Systems Management
1 152 (23.90%) Ansible
2 123 (19.34%) Puppet
3 91 (14.31%) Kubernetes
4 86 (13.52%) Opscode Chef
5 78 (12.26%) Terraform
6 41 (6.45%) CFEngine
7 19 (2.99%) Demisto
7 19 (2.99%) HAProxy
8 15 (2.36%) Nagios
8 15 (2.36%) Oracle RMAN
8 15 (2.36%) Red Hat Satellite
8 15 (2.36%) SCCM
8 15 (2.36%) ZABBIX
9 14 (2.20%) Galera Cluster
10 11 (1.73%) Prometheus
11 10 (1.57%) Norton AntiVirus
12 9 (1.42%) Rundeck
13 8 (1.26%) Grafana
13 8 (1.26%) Salt
14 7 (1.10%) SCOM
Vendors
1 110 (17.30%) Oracle
2 76 (11.95%) Microsoft
3 75 (11.79%) VMware
4 72 (11.32%) Red Hat
5 45 (7.08%) Google
6 44 (6.92%) Splunk
7 40 (6.29%) ServiceNow
8 35 (5.50%) Cisco
9 28 (4.40%) IBM
10 27 (4.25%) HP
11 21 (3.30%) Juniper
12 19 (2.99%) ArcSight
13 17 (2.67%) Sybase
14 16 (2.52%) TOWER Software
15 15 (2.36%) EMC
16 14 (2.20%) Atlassian
16 14 (2.20%) Databricks
17 13 (2.04%) GENBAND
17 13 (2.04%) Percona
17 13 (2.04%) SonicWALL