Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Perl
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 460 335 301
Rank change year-on-year -125 -34 -54
Permanent jobs citing Perl 818 450 1,505
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.64% 0.91% 1.11%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.20% 1.53% 2.07%
Number of salaries quoted 481 355 1,019
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - -
75th Percentile £78,750 £71,250 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £81,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,250 £53,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -2.34% +7.00% +3.09%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 68,265 29,396 72,781
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.75% 59.36% 53.50%
Number of salaries quoted 45,381 25,153 60,307
10th Percentile £35,250 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £71,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Perl.

Salary trend for Perl in the UK

Perl
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Perl over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Perl in the UK

Perl
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -107 738 £60,000 - 159
London -100 387 £75,000 +11.11% 69
UK excluding London -138 373 £52,250 -2.34% 102
South East -51 154 £50,000 -9.09% 26
Work from Home -211 127 £55,000 +3.77% 32
North of England -99 64 £47,500 -20.83% 22
Midlands -157 47 £57,500 +9.52% 16
East of England -98 46 £45,000 -28.00% 14
North West -86 40 £47,500 -17.39% 12
South West -80 35 £48,625 -2.75% 12
West Midlands -115 35 £47,500 -13.64% 15
Scotland -84 30 £70,000 +30.84% 10
North East -13 17 £62,500 - 3
East Midlands -63 14 £57,500 +35.29% 1
Northern Ireland -35 12 £75,000 +36.36% 1
Yorkshire -100 8 £55,000 -26.67% 7
Channel Islands - 4 £50,000 -
Wales -57 2 £37,750 -13.68% 1

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Perl.

1 707 (86.43%) Python
2 477 (58.31%) Linux
3 320 (39.12%) AWS
4 312 (38.14%) Java
5 290 (35.45%) DevOps
6 289 (35.33%) JavaScript
7 268 (32.76%) Agile Software Development
8 263 (32.15%) Bash Shell
9 254 (31.05%) Unix
10 231 (28.24%) Social Skills
11 220 (26.89%) Azure
12 207 (25.31%) Finance
13 201 (24.57%) Ansible
14 199 (24.33%) Degree
15 190 (23.23%) Windows
16 185 (22.62%) Ruby
17 184 (22.49%) SQL
18 180 (22.00%) C#
19 173 (21.15%) C++
20 168 (20.54%) PowerShell
21 158 (19.32%) Jenkins
22 154 (18.83%) Oracle
23 153 (18.70%) PHP
24 147 (17.97%) Terraform
25 146 (17.85%) Docker
26 139 (16.99%) Kubernetes
26 139 (16.99%) Computer Science
27 137 (16.75%) Problem-Solving
28 136 (16.63%) Analytical Skills
29 130 (15.89%) MySQL

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (6.60%) Elasticsearch
2 42 (5.13%) Apache
3 28 (3.42%) OpenStack
4 21 (2.57%) Confluence
5 20 (2.44%) IIS
6 19 (2.32%) Tomcat
7 18 (2.20%) Apache Spark
8 16 (1.96%) SharePoint
8 16 (1.96%) WebLogic
9 15 (1.83%) nginx
10 12 (1.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 8 (0.98%) Oracle HTTP Server
11 8 (0.98%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.86%) OpenEdge
13 6 (0.73%) Jupyter
14 5 (0.61%) SAS
15 4 (0.49%) MS Exchange
16 3 (0.37%) CMS
16 3 (0.37%) Joomla!
16 3 (0.37%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 7 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.49%) Simulink
2 4 (0.49%) Stateflow
3 3 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.12%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 35 (4.28%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.37%) FastStats
3 2 (0.24%) FastStats PeopleStage
3 2 (0.24%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.12%) Minerva
4 1 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 320 (39.12%) AWS
2 220 (26.89%) Azure
3 110 (13.45%) SaaS
4 90 (11.00%) Serverless
5 77 (9.41%) IaaS
5 77 (9.41%) PaaS
6 67 (8.19%) OpenShift
7 62 (7.58%) AWS CloudFormation
8 54 (6.60%) Cloud Computing
9 52 (6.36%) GCP
10 49 (5.99%) Amazon S3
11 45 (5.50%) GitHub
12 44 (5.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 39 (4.77%) CloudFront
14 37 (4.52%) AWS Lambda
15 36 (4.40%) Azure Sentinel
16 34 (4.16%) Amazon GuardDuty
16 34 (4.16%) AWS CloudTrail
16 34 (4.16%) Azure Logic Apps
17 25 (3.06%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 76 (9.29%) Firewall
2 74 (9.05%) DNS
3 60 (7.33%) HTTP
4 59 (7.21%) TCP/IP
5 27 (3.30%) VPN
6 23 (2.81%) WAN
7 21 (2.57%) BGP
8 20 (2.44%) LAN
8 20 (2.44%) OSPF
9 19 (2.32%) SMTP
10 17 (2.08%) DHCP
10 17 (2.08%) Internet
10 17 (2.08%) SSL
11 14 (1.71%) FIX Connectivity
12 12 (1.47%) IPv4
13 10 (1.22%) Broadband
13 10 (1.22%) Junos
13 10 (1.22%) SNMP
14 9 (1.10%) FTP
15 8 (0.98%) Sourcefire
Database & Business Intelligence
1 130 (15.89%) MySQL
2 124 (15.16%) PostgreSQL
3 65 (7.95%) SQL Server
4 52 (6.36%) NoSQL
5 45 (5.50%) Relational Database
6 43 (5.26%) MongoDB
7 42 (5.13%) Big Data
8 34 (4.16%) Metadata
9 26 (3.18%) Data Mining
10 19 (2.32%) Hadoop
11 17 (2.08%) Data Warehouse
11 17 (2.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 16 (1.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 16 (1.96%) Tableau
13 15 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
13 15 (1.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 14 (1.71%) Amazon RDS
15 12 (1.47%) MariaDB
16 11 (1.34%) Power BI
17 10 (1.22%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 158 (19.32%) Jenkins
2 97 (11.86%) Git (software)
3 64 (7.82%) GitLab
4 49 (5.99%) JIRA
5 48 (5.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 37 (4.52%) CircleCI
7 20 (2.44%) Vagrant
8 17 (2.08%) Selenium
9 14 (1.71%) Subversion
10 10 (1.22%) Bitbucket
10 10 (1.22%) Visual Studio
11 8 (0.98%) Browser DevTools
11 8 (0.98%) Cucumber
11 8 (0.98%) JMeter
12 6 (0.73%) Gradle
13 5 (0.61%) HP UFT
13 5 (0.61%) Maven
13 5 (0.61%) Sonatype Nexus
13 5 (0.61%) Team Foundation Server
13 5 (0.61%) TeamCity
General
1 231 (28.24%) Social Skills
2 207 (25.31%) Finance
3 136 (16.63%) Analytical Skills
4 71 (8.68%) Banking
5 34 (4.16%) Telecoms
6 31 (3.79%) Investment Banking
7 30 (3.67%) Front Office
7 30 (3.67%) Games
8 27 (3.30%) Law
9 19 (2.32%) Retail
10 18 (2.20%) Presentation Skills
11 16 (1.96%) Electronics
12 15 (1.83%) Marketing
12 15 (1.83%) Public Sector
13 14 (1.71%) Pharmaceutical
14 13 (1.59%) Documentation Skills
15 11 (1.34%) Back Office
16 9 (1.10%) Advertising
17 8 (0.98%) Legal
17 8 (0.98%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 180 (22.00%) Developer
2 110 (13.45%) DevOps Engineer
3 98 (11.98%) Analyst
4 74 (9.05%) Software Engineer
5 55 (6.72%) Platform Engineer
6 48 (5.87%) AWS Engineer
6 48 (5.87%) Software Developer
7 46 (5.62%) Analyst Developer
7 46 (5.62%) Pricing Analyst
7 46 (5.62%) Pricing Developer
8 44 (5.38%) AWS DevOps
8 44 (5.38%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 43 (5.26%) Applications Support
10 41 (5.01%) Support Engineer
11 39 (4.77%) Security Engineer
12 38 (4.65%) Administrator
12 38 (4.65%) Salesforce Developer
13 35 (4.28%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 34 (4.16%) Cybersecurity Engineer
15 33 (4.03%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (10.02%) REST
2 80 (9.78%) .NET
3 73 (8.92%) AngularJS
3 73 (8.92%) React
4 57 (6.97%) XML
5 52 (6.36%) Spring
6 51 (6.23%) Java EE
7 47 (5.75%) Spring Boot
8 46 (5.62%) JSON
9 45 (5.50%) Web Services
10 43 (5.26%) HTML
11 42 (5.13%) LAMP
12 41 (5.01%) Kafka
13 37 (4.52%) FIX Protocol
14 35 (4.28%) GraphQL
15 32 (3.91%) Node.js
16 24 (2.93%) CSS
17 21 (2.57%) LAPP Stack
18 20 (2.44%) ASP.NET
19 18 (2.20%) Apache Avro
Miscellaneous
1 83 (10.15%) Management Information System
2 68 (8.31%) Public Cloud
3 66 (8.07%) Virtual Team
4 63 (7.70%) Self-Motivation
5 58 (7.09%) Data Centre
6 56 (6.85%) User Experience
7 46 (5.62%) Linux Command Line
8 44 (5.38%) Equities
9 25 (3.06%) Algorithms
10 17 (2.08%) Fixed Income
11 16 (1.96%) PKI
12 15 (1.83%) Derivative
13 14 (1.71%) Data Structures
13 14 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
13 14 (1.71%) Greenfield Project
13 14 (1.71%) Life Science
13 14 (1.71%) Tandem
14 13 (1.59%) Hybrid Cloud
15 12 (1.47%) Mobile App
15 12 (1.47%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 477 (58.31%) Linux
2 254 (31.05%) Unix
3 190 (23.23%) Windows
4 61 (7.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 59 (7.21%) CentOS
6 41 (5.01%) Mac OS
7 33 (4.03%) Windows Server
8 30 (3.67%) Ubuntu
9 23 (2.81%) Solaris
10 15 (1.83%) Windows Server 2016
11 12 (1.47%) SUSE
12 10 (1.22%) Windows Server 2008
13 8 (0.98%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 8 (0.98%) VMS
13 8 (0.98%) Windows 10
13 8 (0.98%) Windows 7
14 7 (0.86%) Android
15 6 (0.73%) Debian
15 6 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
16 5 (0.61%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 290 (35.45%) DevOps
2 268 (32.76%) Agile Software Development
3 139 (16.99%) Computer Science
4 137 (16.75%) Problem-Solving
5 120 (14.67%) Configuration Management
6 114 (13.94%) Continuous Integration
7 102 (12.47%) Mentoring
8 101 (12.35%) Microservices
9 98 (11.98%) Infrastructure as Code
10 90 (11.00%) Scrum
11 89 (10.88%) Analytics
12 87 (10.64%) Software Engineering
13 84 (10.27%) Risk Management
14 82 (10.02%) Continuous Improvement
15 78 (9.54%) Mathematics
16 72 (8.80%) OO
17 67 (8.19%) Cybersecurity
18 64 (7.82%) SDLC
19 60 (7.33%) Data Modelling
20 59 (7.21%) Data Analytics
Programming Languages
1 707 (86.43%) Python
2 312 (38.14%) Java
3 289 (35.33%) JavaScript
4 263 (32.15%) Bash Shell
5 185 (22.62%) Ruby
6 184 (22.49%) SQL
7 180 (22.00%) C#
8 173 (21.15%) C++
9 168 (20.54%) PowerShell
10 153 (18.70%) PHP
11 124 (15.16%) C
12 120 (14.67%) Shell Script
13 67 (8.19%) R
14 56 (6.85%) Go
15 54 (6.60%) VB.NET
16 49 (5.99%) Scala
17 47 (5.75%) MATLAB
18 46 (5.62%) VB
19 45 (5.50%) Objective-C
20 42 (5.13%) Pascal
Qualifications
1 199 (24.33%) Degree
2 65 (7.95%) Security Cleared
3 55 (6.72%) SC Cleared
4 35 (4.28%) GCFA
4 35 (4.28%) GCIA
4 35 (4.28%) GCIH
4 35 (4.28%) SANS
5 34 (4.16%) GCFE
6 28 (3.42%) Computer Science Degree
7 21 (2.57%) Master's Degree
8 14 (1.71%) PhD
9 10 (1.22%) PMI Certification
10 9 (1.10%) Cisco Certification
11 7 (0.86%) CREST Certified
11 7 (0.86%) OSCP
12 5 (0.61%) CCNA
12 5 (0.61%) DV Cleared
12 5 (0.61%) MCSA
12 5 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.49%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (3.06%) QA
2 20 (2.44%) Data Quality
3 14 (1.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 12 (1.47%) MiFID
5 11 (1.34%) PCI DSS
6 9 (1.10%) GDPR
6 9 (1.10%) SLA
7 4 (0.49%) HIPAA
7 4 (0.49%) ISO 26262
7 4 (0.49%) MISRA
7 4 (0.49%) OASIS TOSCA
8 3 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.24%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.24%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.12%) GRC
10 1 (0.12%) NCSC
10 1 (0.12%) NIST
System Software
1 146 (17.85%) Docker
2 46 (5.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (4.65%) Active Directory
4 18 (2.20%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (1.47%) iptables
6 10 (1.22%) vSphere
7 9 (1.10%) NFS
8 7 (0.86%) Hyper-V
8 7 (0.86%) Postfix
8 7 (0.86%) Samba
8 7 (0.86%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (0.73%) KVM
10 5 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.61%) HDFS
11 4 (0.49%) Ceph
11 4 (0.49%) LXC
11 4 (0.49%) VMware Workstation
12 3 (0.37%) Firmware
12 3 (0.37%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.37%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 201 (24.57%) Ansible
2 147 (17.97%) Terraform
3 139 (16.99%) Kubernetes
4 118 (14.43%) Puppet
5 83 (10.15%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (4.40%) CFEngine
7 29 (3.55%) SCCM
8 27 (3.30%) Nagios
9 20 (2.44%) Salt
10 12 (1.47%) Grafana
11 8 (0.98%) HAProxy
11 8 (0.98%) Icinga
11 8 (0.98%) SCOM
12 7 (0.86%) FortiGate
12 7 (0.86%) SCOrch
12 7 (0.86%) ZABBIX
13 6 (0.73%) Prometheus
14 5 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
15 4 (0.49%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
15 4 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 154 (18.83%) Oracle
2 109 (13.33%) Red Hat
3 59 (7.21%) Microsoft
4 55 (6.72%) VMware
5 45 (5.50%) Salesforce.com
6 37 (4.52%) Splunk
7 31 (3.79%) Cisco
8 27 (3.30%) IBM
9 26 (3.18%) Google
9 26 (3.18%) Sybase
10 19 (2.32%) Juniper
11 17 (2.08%) F5
11 17 (2.08%) SAP
12 14 (1.71%) Bloomberg
13 13 (1.59%) HP
13 13 (1.59%) Palo Alto
13 13 (1.59%) Reuters
14 11 (1.34%) Alibaba
14 11 (1.34%) CQG
14 11 (1.34%) Fidessa