Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 369 210 237
Rank change year-on-year -159 +27 -21
Contract jobs citing Perl 210 166 419
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.59% 1.19% 1.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.28% 2.35% 2.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 137 105 266
10th Percentile £400 £312 £363
25th Percentile £456 £438 £445
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £550
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £638
90th Percentile £747 £650 £755
England median daily rate £513 £473 £510
% change year-on-year +8.35% -7.25% +7.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 4
Median hourly rate - £36.00 £38.25
Median % change year-on-year - -5.88% -23.50%
England median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £46.67
% change year-on-year +18.06% -22.86% +13.14%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,349 7,073 17,454
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 45.76% 50.83% 47.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,356 5,191 13,367
10th Percentile £400 £350 £363
25th Percentile £475 £425 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - -
75th Percentile £675 £638 £613
90th Percentile £750 £738 £700
England median daily rate £525 £498 £488
% change year-on-year +5.53% +2.05% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 88 42 112
10th Percentile £24.50 £18.33 £17.63
25th Percentile £35.25 £25.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate £51.88 £35.75 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +45.10% -24.74% +21.79%
75th Percentile £63.56 £40.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £70.03 £53.98 £55.50
England median hourly rate £45.45 £37.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +21.20% -16.67% +6.58%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in London

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in London.

Daily rate trend for Perl in London

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in London

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in London.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in London

Perl
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -79 17 £525 +5.00% 20
West London -18 7 £450 -0.50% 6
East London -11 3 £370 -35.65% 3
South London -5 1 - - 3
Perl
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Perl.

1 165 (78.57%) Python
2 125 (59.52%) Java
3 101 (48.10%) Linux
4 88 (41.90%) Unix
5 69 (32.86%) SQL
6 63 (30.00%) Social Skills
7 62 (29.52%) Bash Shell
8 61 (29.05%) Finance
9 57 (27.14%) Oracle
9 57 (27.14%) Ansible
10 54 (25.71%) AWS
11 51 (24.29%) DevOps
12 50 (23.81%) C#
13 48 (22.86%) Agile Software Development
14 44 (20.95%) Git (software)
15 42 (20.00%) PHP
16 41 (19.52%) C++
16 41 (19.52%) Red Hat
17 40 (19.05%) Shell Script
17 40 (19.05%) Ruby
17 40 (19.05%) Jenkins
18 39 (18.57%) Degree
18 39 (18.57%) JavaScript
19 34 (16.19%) Windows
19 34 (16.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 34 (16.19%) Terraform
19 34 (16.19%) Problem-Solving
20 33 (15.71%) Relational Database
21 30 (14.29%) Kubernetes
21 30 (14.29%) Azure

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (7.14%) Apache Spark
2 13 (6.19%) Confluence
2 13 (6.19%) Tomcat
3 12 (5.71%) Apache
4 8 (3.81%) SharePoint
5 7 (3.33%) Apache Pig
6 5 (2.38%) OpenStack
7 2 (0.95%) JBoss
7 2 (0.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (0.95%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.48%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.48%) CMS
8 1 (0.48%) IBM Domino
8 1 (0.48%) IBM HTTP Server
8 1 (0.48%) nginx
8 1 (0.48%) SAS
8 1 (0.48%) WebSphere
8 1 (0.48%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (2.38%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.43%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.95%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (2.86%) BusinessWorks
2 4 (1.90%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.95%) SunGard Martini
4 1 (0.48%) Magento
4 1 (0.48%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.48%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.48%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.48%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.48%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 54 (25.71%) AWS
2 30 (14.29%) Azure
3 15 (7.14%) SaaS
4 14 (6.67%) GitHub
5 13 (6.19%) GCP
6 12 (5.71%) PaaS
7 10 (4.76%) Amazon EC2
7 10 (4.76%) IaaS
8 7 (3.33%) Azure Active Directory
8 7 (3.33%) Serverless
9 6 (2.86%) Amazon S3
9 6 (2.86%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 6 (2.86%) Azure Data Factory
9 6 (2.86%) Azure Functions
9 6 (2.86%) Azure Storage
10 4 (1.90%) Amazon ELB
10 4 (1.90%) AWS Direct Connect
10 4 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
10 4 (1.90%) npm
10 4 (1.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 21 (10.00%) TCP/IP
2 14 (6.67%) HTTP
3 13 (6.19%) DNS
4 10 (4.76%) SAN
5 7 (3.33%) Internet
6 6 (2.86%) BGP
6 6 (2.86%) IPv4
6 6 (2.86%) Kerberos
6 6 (2.86%) LAN
6 6 (2.86%) Network Security
6 6 (2.86%) OSPF
7 5 (2.38%) DHCP
7 5 (2.38%) VPN
7 5 (2.38%) WAN
8 4 (1.90%) Firewall
9 3 (1.43%) FTP
9 3 (1.43%) IPsec
9 3 (1.43%) SNMP
9 3 (1.43%) SSL
9 3 (1.43%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (15.71%) Relational Database
2 30 (14.29%) SQL Server
3 28 (13.33%) MySQL
4 16 (7.62%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (6.19%) Data Warehouse
6 11 (5.24%) Data Mart
7 10 (4.76%) RDBMS
8 8 (3.81%) Apache Cassandra
8 8 (3.81%) Flink
8 8 (3.81%) Hadoop
8 8 (3.81%) HBase
8 8 (3.81%) NoSQL
8 8 (3.81%) Oracle Database
9 7 (3.33%) MongoDB
10 6 (2.86%) Amazon RDS
10 6 (2.86%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 6 (2.86%) Azure SQL Database
10 6 (2.86%) Data Lake
10 6 (2.86%) SAP HANA
11 4 (1.90%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 44 (20.95%) Git (software)
2 40 (19.05%) Jenkins
3 25 (11.90%) JIRA
4 19 (9.05%) Subversion
5 18 (8.57%) Maven
6 12 (5.71%) Artifactory
6 12 (5.71%) Sonatype Nexus
7 10 (4.76%) GitLab
7 10 (4.76%) TeamCity
8 9 (4.29%) Bitbucket
8 9 (4.29%) Selenium
9 7 (3.33%) Eclipse
10 6 (2.86%) JMeter
11 5 (2.38%) Ant
11 5 (2.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 5 (2.38%) Burp Suite
11 5 (2.38%) LoadRunner
11 5 (2.38%) Metasploit
12 4 (1.90%) Appium
12 4 (1.90%) PowerDesigner
General
1 63 (30.00%) Social Skills
2 61 (29.05%) Finance
3 29 (13.81%) Banking
4 28 (13.33%) Analytical Skills
5 24 (11.43%) Front Office
6 13 (6.19%) Investment Banking
7 9 (4.29%) Back Office
8 6 (2.86%) Financial Institution
9 4 (1.90%) German Language
9 4 (1.90%) Presentation Skills
9 4 (1.90%) Publishing
9 4 (1.90%) Retail
9 4 (1.90%) Telecoms
10 3 (1.43%) Public Sector
11 2 (0.95%) Games
11 2 (0.95%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 2 (0.95%) International Banking
11 2 (0.95%) Law
11 2 (0.95%) Organisational Skills
11 2 (0.95%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 55 (26.19%) Developer
2 21 (10.00%) Administrator
2 21 (10.00%) Java Developer
3 19 (9.05%) Systems Administrator
4 18 (8.57%) DevOps Engineer
5 15 (7.14%) Linux Administrator
6 13 (6.19%) Architect
6 13 (6.19%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 11 (5.24%) Analyst
7 11 (5.24%) Murex Developer
8 10 (4.76%) Data Engineer
9 8 (3.81%) Quantitative Developer
9 8 (3.81%) Security Engineer
9 8 (3.81%) Solutions Architect
9 8 (3.81%) Support Analyst
10 7 (3.33%) Infrastructure Support
10 7 (3.33%) Python Developer
10 7 (3.33%) Software Engineer
10 7 (3.33%) SQL Analyst
11 6 (2.86%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (11.43%) Web Services
2 21 (10.00%) Kafka
3 20 (9.52%) Spring
4 18 (8.57%) .NET
4 18 (8.57%) RESTful
5 16 (7.62%) XML
6 14 (6.67%) Middleware
6 14 (6.67%) REST
6 14 (6.67%) SOAP
7 12 (5.71%) LDAP
7 12 (5.71%) Spring Boot
8 9 (4.29%) HTML
8 9 (4.29%) J2EE
9 8 (3.81%) AngularJS
9 8 (3.81%) JSON
9 8 (3.81%) Spark Streaming
10 7 (3.33%) Rendezvous
11 6 (2.86%) JDBC
12 5 (2.38%) JMS
12 5 (2.38%) TIBCO EMS
Miscellaneous
1 18 (8.57%) Data Centre
2 17 (8.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 15 (7.14%) Fixed Income
4 13 (6.19%) Derivative
4 13 (6.19%) Mobile App
5 10 (4.76%) Management Information System
6 9 (4.29%) Cloud Native
6 9 (4.29%) Data Protection Act
6 9 (4.29%) Equities
7 8 (3.81%) Clustering
7 8 (3.81%) Replication
8 7 (3.33%) Legacy Applications
9 6 (2.86%) Linux Command Line
10 5 (2.38%) PKI
11 4 (1.90%) Mainframe
12 3 (1.43%) Public Cloud
12 3 (1.43%) Verilog
12 3 (1.43%) Virtual Team
13 2 (0.95%) Greenfield Project
13 2 (0.95%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 101 (48.10%) Linux
2 88 (41.90%) Unix
3 34 (16.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 34 (16.19%) Windows
4 21 (10.00%) Solaris
5 11 (5.24%) Ubuntu
6 9 (4.29%) AIX
7 6 (2.86%) Android
8 5 (2.38%) Apple iOS
9 4 (1.90%) Debian
9 4 (1.90%) Mac OS X
10 3 (1.43%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.95%) CentOS
11 2 (0.95%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.95%) SUSE
11 2 (0.95%) VMS
11 2 (0.95%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.95%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.48%) HPUX
12 1 (0.48%) Slackware
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (24.29%) DevOps
2 48 (22.86%) Agile Software Development
3 34 (16.19%) Problem-Solving
4 30 (14.29%) Computer Science
5 26 (12.38%) Analytics
6 22 (10.48%) Microservices
7 19 (9.05%) Performance Tuning
8 18 (8.57%) Migration
9 17 (8.10%) ITIL
9 17 (8.10%) Software Engineering
10 16 (7.62%) Root Cause Analysis
10 16 (7.62%) Test Automation
11 14 (6.67%) Full Stack Development
11 14 (6.67%) Open Source
12 13 (6.19%) Scrum
13 12 (5.71%) Configuration Management
13 12 (5.71%) High Availability
13 12 (5.71%) Task Automation
14 11 (5.24%) Validation
15 10 (4.76%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 165 (78.57%) Python
2 125 (59.52%) Java
3 69 (32.86%) SQL
4 62 (29.52%) Bash Shell
5 50 (23.81%) C#
6 42 (20.00%) PHP
7 41 (19.52%) C++
8 40 (19.05%) Ruby
8 40 (19.05%) Shell Script
9 39 (18.57%) JavaScript
10 29 (13.81%) PowerShell
11 23 (10.95%) C
12 17 (8.10%) Go
13 13 (6.19%) PL/SQL
14 10 (4.76%) VB
15 9 (4.29%) T-SQL
16 8 (3.81%) CQL
17 6 (2.86%) AWK
18 4 (1.90%) Groovy
18 4 (1.90%) Korn
Qualifications
1 39 (18.57%) Degree
2 21 (10.00%) Computer Science Degree
3 9 (4.29%) Security Cleared
4 7 (3.33%) SANS
5 6 (2.86%) CREST Certified
5 6 (2.86%) SC Cleared
6 3 (1.43%) AWS Certification
6 3 (1.43%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.95%) CCIE
7 2 (0.95%) CCIE Routing and Switching
7 2 (0.95%) CCIE Service Provider
7 2 (0.95%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.95%) OSCP
7 2 (0.95%) PhD
8 1 (0.48%) CCNP
8 1 (0.48%) CISSP
8 1 (0.48%) OCP
8 1 (0.48%) Oracle Certification
8 1 (0.48%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (5.71%) QA
2 7 (3.33%) Data Quality
3 6 (2.86%) NCSC
4 5 (2.38%) GDPR
4 5 (2.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 4 (1.90%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 2 (0.95%) SLA
7 1 (0.48%) Accessibility
7 1 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.48%) JTAG
7 1 (0.48%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.48%) SOC 1
7 1 (0.48%) SOC 2
System Software
1 20 (9.52%) Active Directory
2 17 (8.10%) Docker
3 16 (7.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (2.86%) VMware ESXi
5 5 (2.38%) Oracle RAC
5 5 (2.38%) Veritas File System
5 5 (2.38%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 4 (1.90%) NFS
7 2 (0.95%) iptables
7 2 (0.95%) KVM
7 2 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.95%) vSphere
8 1 (0.48%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.48%) LXC
8 1 (0.48%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.48%) RACF
8 1 (0.48%) Squid
8 1 (0.48%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 1 (0.48%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.48%) Xen
Systems Management
1 57 (27.14%) Ansible
2 34 (16.19%) Terraform
3 30 (14.29%) Kubernetes
4 14 (6.67%) Puppet
5 13 (6.19%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (4.29%) BladeLogic
6 9 (4.29%) Tivoli
7 8 (3.81%) Control-M
8 6 (2.86%) EMC NetWorker
8 6 (2.86%) HP ALM
8 6 (2.86%) QRadar
8 6 (2.86%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 5 (2.38%) Nessus
9 5 (2.38%) Netcool
9 5 (2.38%) Red Hat Satellite
10 4 (1.90%) ITRS Geneos
11 3 (1.43%) Data Guard
11 3 (1.43%) Packer
11 3 (1.43%) Salt
11 3 (1.43%) SCCM
Vendors
1 57 (27.14%) Oracle
2 41 (19.52%) Red Hat
3 29 (13.81%) Sybase
4 22 (10.48%) VMware
5 19 (9.05%) HP
6 17 (8.10%) IBM
7 14 (6.67%) BMC
8 13 (6.19%) Splunk
8 13 (6.19%) TIBCO
9 11 (5.24%) Microsoft
9 11 (5.24%) Murex
10 10 (4.76%) Dell
11 9 (4.29%) SAP
12 8 (3.81%) CyberArk
12 8 (3.81%) EMC
13 7 (3.33%) Google
13 7 (3.33%) Infoblox
13 7 (3.33%) Qualys
13 7 (3.33%) ServiceNow
14 6 (2.86%) Cloudera