Period
to 19 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Perl skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Perl over the 6 months to 19 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Perl
England > London
6 months to
19 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 339 256 252
Rank change year-on-year -83 -4 -79
Contract jobs citing Perl 135 150 437
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.52% 0.84% 1.09%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.09% 1.71% 2.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 79 104 277
10th Percentile £362 £350 £369
25th Percentile £425 £420 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £525
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% -9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £563 £550 £603
90th Percentile £686 £650 £675
England median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 9
Median hourly rate - - £47.83
England median hourly rate £47.50 £45.25 £45.79
% change year-on-year +4.97% -1.18% +14.48%

Perl is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 12,423 8,797 19,072
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.68% 49.29% 47.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,287 6,557 14,522
10th Percentile £375 £365 £363
25th Percentile £455 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £650 £625 £613
90th Percentile £723 £713 £688
England median daily rate £500 £500 £484
% change year-on-year - +3.31% +1.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 73 70 106
10th Percentile £20.60 £21.22 £17.90
25th Percentile £31.25 £27.00 £21.17
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.83 £37.25
Median % change year-on-year -5.92% +28.40% -11.87%
75th Percentile £62.00 £60.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.36 £64.91 £55.25
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £44.50
% change year-on-year - -4.49% +8.54%

Perl
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Perl as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Perl in London

Perl
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Perl in London.

Daily rate trend for Perl in London

Perl
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Perl in London over the 6 months to 19 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Perl in London

Perl
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Perl in London.

Hourly rate trend for Perl in London

Perl
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Perl within the London region over the 6 months to 19 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -18 21 £475 -7.32% 16
East London +12 2 £465 +244.44% 6
South London +32 1 - - 1
Perl
England

For the 6 months to 19 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Perl also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Perl.

1 88 (65.19%) Python
2 59 (43.70%) Linux
3 54 (40.00%) Unix
4 53 (39.26%) SQL
5 48 (35.56%) Java
6 46 (34.07%) C#
7 41 (30.37%) Social Skills
8 40 (29.63%) Oracle
8 40 (29.63%) Finance
9 39 (28.89%) DevOps
10 35 (25.93%) Agile Software Development
11 33 (24.44%) Jenkins
12 32 (23.70%) Ansible
13 31 (22.96%) PowerShell
13 31 (22.96%) Banking
14 30 (22.22%) C++
14 30 (22.22%) Bash Shell
15 29 (21.48%) Windows
16 28 (20.74%) Git (software)
17 27 (20.00%) Shell Script
18 26 (19.26%) PHP
18 26 (19.26%) JIRA
19 24 (17.78%) Analytical Skills
20 23 (17.04%) AWS
20 23 (17.04%) JavaScript
21 22 (16.30%) Red Hat
22 21 (15.56%) MySQL
23 20 (14.81%) SQL Server
23 20 (14.81%) Relational Database
24 19 (14.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Perl
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (6.67%) Apache
2 8 (5.93%) SharePoint
3 7 (5.19%) Confluence
4 6 (4.44%) Tomcat
5 5 (3.70%) IIS
6 3 (2.22%) Apache Pig
6 3 (2.22%) JBoss
7 2 (1.48%) Apache Spark
7 2 (1.48%) CMS
7 2 (1.48%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (1.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.74%) BizTalk Server
8 1 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.74%) MS Exchange
8 1 (0.74%) nginx
8 1 (0.74%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.74%) SAS
8 1 (0.74%) WebLogic
Applications
1 1 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (7.41%) Summit
2 3 (2.22%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (1.48%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.74%) RMDS
4 1 (0.74%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.74%) Teamcenter
4 1 (0.74%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 23 (17.04%) AWS
2 18 (13.33%) Azure
3 12 (8.89%) GCP
3 12 (8.89%) GitHub
4 9 (6.67%) PaaS
5 8 (5.93%) IaaS
6 7 (5.19%) SaaS
7 5 (3.70%) Power Platform
8 4 (2.96%) npm
8 4 (2.96%) OpenShift
9 3 (2.22%) Power Automate
9 3 (2.22%) PowerApps
9 3 (2.22%) Serverless
10 2 (1.48%) Amazon EKS
10 2 (1.48%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (1.48%) AWS CodeCommit
10 2 (1.48%) AWS CodePipeline
10 2 (1.48%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 2 (1.48%) Azure Functions
10 2 (1.48%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 17 (12.59%) DNS
2 11 (8.15%) TCP/IP
3 9 (6.67%) DHCP
3 9 (6.67%) HTTP
4 8 (5.93%) Firewall
5 7 (5.19%) SAN
6 6 (4.44%) Internet
6 6 (4.44%) NAS
6 6 (4.44%) WAN
6 6 (4.44%) Wireshark
7 5 (3.70%) Kerberos
7 5 (3.70%) LAN
8 4 (2.96%) Intranet
8 4 (2.96%) IPsec
8 4 (2.96%) IPv4
8 4 (2.96%) VPN
9 3 (2.22%) Network Security
10 2 (1.48%) OpenVPN
10 2 (1.48%) SD-WAN
10 2 (1.48%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (15.56%) MySQL
2 20 (14.81%) Relational Database
2 20 (14.81%) SQL Server
3 12 (8.89%) MongoDB
4 10 (7.41%) Oracle Database
5 6 (4.44%) NoSQL
5 6 (4.44%) Oracle Database 12c
5 6 (4.44%) Oracle Reports
5 6 (4.44%) RDBMS
6 5 (3.70%) Data Warehouse
6 5 (3.70%) Oracle Database 11g
6 5 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
7 4 (2.96%) SQL Server 2008
7 4 (2.96%) SQL Server 2012
7 4 (2.96%) SQL Server 2014
7 4 (2.96%) SQL Server 2016
7 4 (2.96%) SQL Server 2017
7 4 (2.96%) SQL Server 2019
8 3 (2.22%) Sybase ASE
9 2 (1.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 33 (24.44%) Jenkins
2 28 (20.74%) Git (software)
3 26 (19.26%) JIRA
4 15 (11.11%) Subversion
5 14 (10.37%) Bitbucket
6 11 (8.15%) Maven
7 10 (7.41%) TeamCity
8 6 (4.44%) GitLab
8 6 (4.44%) Sonatype Nexus
9 5 (3.70%) Ant
9 5 (3.70%) Artifactory
9 5 (3.70%) Selenium
9 5 (3.70%) SonarQube
9 5 (3.70%) Visual Studio
10 4 (2.96%) CruiseControl
10 4 (2.96%) Eclipse
10 4 (2.96%) Hudson
10 4 (2.96%) JMeter
10 4 (2.96%) LoadRunner
10 4 (2.96%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 41 (30.37%) Social Skills
2 40 (29.63%) Finance
3 31 (22.96%) Banking
4 24 (17.78%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (9.63%) Investment Banking
6 9 (6.67%) Front Office
7 5 (3.70%) Financial Institution
7 5 (3.70%) Presentation Skills
7 5 (3.70%) Retail
8 4 (2.96%) German Language
8 4 (2.96%) Publishing
9 3 (2.22%) International Banking
10 2 (1.48%) Documentation Skills
10 2 (1.48%) Games
11 1 (0.74%) Back Office
11 1 (0.74%) Law
11 1 (0.74%) Prime Brokerage
11 1 (0.74%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 39 (28.89%) Developer
2 14 (10.37%) DevOps Engineer
3 10 (7.41%) Administrator
3 10 (7.41%) C++ Developer
3 10 (7.41%) Perl Developer
3 10 (7.41%) Summit Developer
4 9 (6.67%) Consultant
4 9 (6.67%) SQL Developer
5 8 (5.93%) Automation Engineer
5 8 (5.93%) C# Developer
6 7 (5.19%) C++/C# Developer
6 7 (5.19%) DBA
6 7 (5.19%) Linux Engineer
7 6 (4.44%) Analyst
7 6 (4.44%) Azure Engineer
7 6 (4.44%) Linux Administrator
7 6 (4.44%) Oracle DBA
8 5 (3.70%) Cloud Engineer
8 5 (3.70%) Electronic Trading Support
8 5 (3.70%) Integration Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (12.59%) Web Services
2 15 (11.11%) REST
3 14 (10.37%) SOAP
4 13 (9.63%) .NET
5 11 (8.15%) LDAP
6 8 (5.93%) HTML
7 7 (5.19%) JSON
7 7 (5.19%) Kafka
7 7 (5.19%) Swagger
7 7 (5.19%) XML
8 6 (4.44%) RESTful
9 5 (3.70%) AngularJS
9 5 (3.70%) LAMP
9 5 (3.70%) Spring Boot
10 4 (2.96%) Elastic Stack
10 4 (2.96%) Middleware
10 4 (2.96%) Node.js
10 4 (2.96%) Spring
11 3 (2.22%) React
11 3 (2.22%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 14 (10.37%) Derivative
2 12 (8.89%) Fixed Income
3 9 (6.67%) Equities
3 9 (6.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 7 (5.19%) Replication
5 6 (4.44%) Clustering
5 6 (4.44%) Management Information System
5 6 (4.44%) Mobile App
6 5 (3.70%) Data Centre
6 5 (3.70%) Linux Command Line
6 5 (3.70%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (2.22%) Blog
7 3 (2.22%) Data Protection Act
7 3 (2.22%) Public Cloud
7 3 (2.22%) SWIFT
8 2 (1.48%) EMC VMAX
8 2 (1.48%) N-Tier
8 2 (1.48%) PKI
8 2 (1.48%) Video Conferencing
8 2 (1.48%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 59 (43.70%) Linux
2 54 (40.00%) Unix
3 29 (21.48%) Windows
4 19 (14.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 16 (11.85%) Solaris
6 5 (3.70%) AIX
6 5 (3.70%) Android
6 5 (3.70%) Apple iOS
7 4 (2.96%) Ubuntu
8 3 (2.22%) CentOS
8 3 (2.22%) SUSE
8 3 (2.22%) VMS
8 3 (2.22%) Windows Server
9 2 (1.48%) Debian
9 2 (1.48%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 2 (1.48%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (1.48%) Windows Server 2019
10 1 (0.74%) FreeBSD
10 1 (0.74%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (28.89%) DevOps
2 35 (25.93%) Agile Software Development
3 15 (11.11%) Problem-Solving
4 14 (10.37%) Migration
5 13 (9.63%) Configuration Management
5 13 (9.63%) Performance Tuning
6 12 (8.89%) Computer Science
6 12 (8.89%) Test Automation
7 10 (7.41%) Analytics
7 10 (7.41%) ITIL
8 9 (6.67%) Change Management
8 9 (6.67%) Continuous Integration
8 9 (6.67%) Electronic Trading
8 9 (6.67%) Microservices
9 8 (5.93%) Capacity Management
9 8 (5.93%) Project Management
9 8 (5.93%) Scrum
10 7 (5.19%) Disaster Recovery
10 7 (5.19%) Software Engineering
10 7 (5.19%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 88 (65.19%) Python
2 53 (39.26%) SQL
3 48 (35.56%) Java
4 46 (34.07%) C#
5 31 (22.96%) PowerShell
6 30 (22.22%) Bash Shell
6 30 (22.22%) C++
7 27 (20.00%) Shell Script
8 26 (19.26%) PHP
9 23 (17.04%) JavaScript
10 17 (12.59%) Ruby
11 15 (11.11%) PL/SQL
12 11 (8.15%) C
13 9 (6.67%) VB
14 6 (4.44%) Go
15 5 (3.70%) T-SQL
15 5 (3.70%) VB.NET
16 4 (2.96%) Groovy
16 4 (2.96%) Korn
16 4 (2.96%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 12 (8.89%) Degree
2 6 (4.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (2.22%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.22%) Security Cleared
4 1 (0.74%) CCNA
4 1 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
4 1 (0.74%) CISSP
4 1 (0.74%) GCUX
4 1 (0.74%) GIAC
4 1 (0.74%) LPIC
4 1 (0.74%) OCP
4 1 (0.74%) Oracle Certification
4 1 (0.74%) OSCP
4 1 (0.74%) PhD
4 1 (0.74%) RHCA
4 1 (0.74%) RHCE
4 1 (0.74%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (4.44%) QA
2 3 (2.22%) GDPR
2 3 (2.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (0.74%) GRC
3 1 (0.74%) SLA
System Software
1 14 (10.37%) Active Directory
2 11 (8.15%) Docker
3 9 (6.67%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (5.19%) Veritas File System
5 6 (4.44%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (3.70%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (2.96%) NFS
8 3 (2.22%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 2 (1.48%) Hyper-V
9 2 (1.48%) iptables
9 2 (1.48%) KVM
10 1 (0.74%) Firmware
10 1 (0.74%) GPFS
10 1 (0.74%) IAG
10 1 (0.74%) NDS
10 1 (0.74%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 1 (0.74%) ProxySG
10 1 (0.74%) RACF
10 1 (0.74%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 1 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 32 (23.70%) Ansible
2 15 (11.11%) Terraform
3 14 (10.37%) Opscode Chef
4 12 (8.89%) Kubernetes
4 12 (8.89%) Puppet
5 7 (5.19%) BladeLogic
5 7 (5.19%) Control-M
5 7 (5.19%) Netcool
5 7 (5.19%) Tivoli
6 5 (3.70%) EMC NetWorker
6 5 (3.70%) QRadar
6 5 (3.70%) Red Hat Satellite
6 5 (3.70%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 4 (2.96%) Galera Cluster
8 3 (2.22%) HP ALM
8 3 (2.22%) ITRS Geneos
8 3 (2.22%) NetBackup
8 3 (2.22%) Salt
8 3 (2.22%) SCCM
9 2 (1.48%) Netcool/OMNIbus
Vendors
1 40 (29.63%) Oracle
2 22 (16.30%) Red Hat
3 16 (11.85%) IBM
4 13 (9.63%) Splunk
5 12 (8.89%) BMC
6 11 (8.15%) HP
7 10 (7.41%) VMware
8 9 (6.67%) EMC
8 9 (6.67%) ServiceNow
9 8 (5.93%) Google
9 8 (5.93%) Sybase
10 7 (5.19%) Citrix
10 7 (5.19%) SaltStack
11 6 (4.44%) CyberArk
11 6 (4.44%) Qualys
12 4 (2.96%) Dell
12 4 (2.96%) Microsoft
12 4 (2.96%) SAP
12 4 (2.96%) TIBCO
12 4 (2.96%) Veritas