Period
to 21 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 21 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C
UK
6 months to
21 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 127 171 171
Rank change year-on-year +44 0 -43
Contract jobs citing C 1,351 1,664 1,587
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.97% 1.68% 1.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.83% 3.83% 3.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 770 860 857
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £325 £308 £313
90th Percentile £625 £638 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £400 £413
% change year-on-year +12.50% -3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 176 207 213
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £43.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.75% +3.57% +1.82%
10th Percentile £32.50 £18.70 £22.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.35 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.50 £44.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year +3.41% +4.76% +2.44%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 27,988 43,408 42,654
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.89% 43.80% 41.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,048 30,437 29,981
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.26% +8.24%
10th Percentile £325 £321 £310
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% +3.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 591 711 787
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.50 £17.00 £16.61
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.63 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -2.05% +6.25% -

C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C in the UK

C
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing C.

Contractor daily rate trend for C in the UK

C
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing C over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for C in the UK

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing C.

Contractor hourly rate trend for C in the UK

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing C over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for C in the UK

C
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C within the UK over the 6 months to 21 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +49 1,281 £457 +1.60% 1,308
UK excluding London +33 991 £450 +12.50% 1,122
London +13 329 £525 +5.00% 261
South West +26 310 £450 - 175
South East +29 265 £450 +12.50% 314
East of England +23 168 £450 +12.50% 204
North of England +38 101 £368 -8.00% 189
Midlands +49 96 £450 +5.88% 164
West Midlands +54 82 £455 +7.06% 114
North West +43 64 £375 - 110
North East +36 24 £360 -20.00% 19
Wales 0 23 £375 -6.25% 21
Scotland +2 22 £495 +50.00% 47
East Midlands +23 13 £375 +8.18% 47
Yorkshire -4 13 £350 -12.50% 60
Northern Ireland +2 5 £400 - 7
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for C.

1 457 (33.83%) Agile Software Development
2 437 (32.35%) C++
3 379 (28.05%) Software Engineering
4 352 (26.05%) Linux
5 295 (21.84%) Python
6 255 (18.87%) Security Cleared
7 185 (13.69%) SC Cleared
8 180 (13.32%) Finance
9 178 (13.18%) Embedded C
10 175 (12.95%) Java
11 171 (12.66%) Degree
12 170 (12.58%) Windows
13 168 (12.44%) SQL
14 165 (12.21%) Problem-Solving
15 148 (10.95%) Analytical Skills
16 146 (10.81%) JIRA
17 144 (10.66%) Scrum
18 129 (9.55%) Test Automation
19 128 (9.47%) Git (software)
19 128 (9.47%) Microsoft
20 124 (9.18%) UML
21 122 (9.03%) C#
22 114 (8.44%) DevOps
23 111 (8.22%) Continuous Integration
24 100 (7.40%) Azure
25 99 (7.33%) Unix
26 96 (7.11%) DV Cleared
27 95 (7.03%) Embedded C++
27 95 (7.03%) Jenkins
28 92 (6.81%) Oracle

C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (6.81%) Confluence
2 30 (2.22%) Apache Spark
3 15 (1.11%) SharePoint
4 13 (0.96%) Apache
4 13 (0.96%) CMS
5 11 (0.81%) MS Exchange
5 11 (0.81%) OpenStack
6 8 (0.59%) Elasticsearch
6 8 (0.59%) IIS
7 7 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2010
8 6 (0.44%) Skype for Business
9 5 (0.37%) JBoss
10 4 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 4 (0.30%) SAP Portal
10 4 (0.30%) SAS
11 3 (0.22%) Kinematics
11 3 (0.22%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.22%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.15%) Drupal
12 2 (0.15%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 35 (2.59%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (2.07%) Microsoft Excel
3 24 (1.78%) Simulink
4 16 (1.18%) Microsoft Project
5 14 (1.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 14 (1.04%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.22%) OrCAD
7 3 (0.22%) PlantUML
7 3 (0.22%) Stateflow
8 2 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.15%) Inkscape
9 1 (0.074%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.074%) CATIA
9 1 (0.074%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.074%) FileZilla
9 1 (0.074%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.074%) Maya
9 1 (0.074%) Notepad++
9 1 (0.074%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 12 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.67%) FINCAD Analytics
2 9 (0.67%) ION MarketView
3 7 (0.52%) Dynamics NAV
4 5 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.22%) SAP CO
5 3 (0.22%) SAP Convergent Charging
5 3 (0.22%) SAP FI
5 3 (0.22%) SAP FI/CO
5 3 (0.22%) SAP PSCD
6 2 (0.15%) JDE OneWorld
6 2 (0.15%) LabWindows
6 2 (0.15%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 2 (0.15%) SAP SD
6 2 (0.15%) SAP VC
7 1 (0.074%) SAP HR
7 1 (0.074%) SAP IBP
Cloud Services
1 100 (7.40%) Azure
2 85 (6.29%) AWS
3 23 (1.70%) GitHub
4 21 (1.55%) GCP
5 20 (1.48%) Office 365
6 17 (1.26%) IaaS
7 16 (1.18%) Power Platform
7 16 (1.18%) Serverless
8 14 (1.04%) OpenShift
9 13 (0.96%) Datadog
10 11 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
10 11 (0.81%) SaaS
11 10 (0.74%) Amazon S3
11 10 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (0.74%) PaaS
12 8 (0.59%) Amazon SQS
12 8 (0.59%) AWS Lambda
12 8 (0.59%) AWS Step Functions
13 7 (0.52%) TestFlight
14 6 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 73 (5.40%) TCP/IP
2 70 (5.18%) Internet
3 53 (3.92%) Wireless
4 50 (3.70%) DNS
5 45 (3.33%) DHCP
5 45 (3.33%) IPv6
5 45 (3.33%) Wireshark
6 41 (3.03%) Wi-Fi
7 40 (2.96%) HTTPS
8 39 (2.89%) HTTP
9 37 (2.74%) IPv4
10 36 (2.66%) Firewall
11 28 (2.07%) Ethernet
12 22 (1.63%) VoIP
13 21 (1.55%) LAN
14 18 (1.33%) Network Security
15 17 (1.26%) RS-485
16 15 (1.11%) WAN
17 14 (1.04%) Bluetooth
17 14 (1.04%) RS-232
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (4.44%) SQL Server
2 48 (3.55%) Big Data
3 44 (3.26%) MongoDB
4 43 (3.18%) Hadoop
5 40 (2.96%) MySQL
6 27 (2.00%) NoSQL
6 27 (2.00%) PostgreSQL
7 20 (1.48%) Amazon Redshift
8 18 (1.33%) Relational Database
9 16 (1.18%) Apache Hive
9 16 (1.18%) Power BI
10 15 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
11 14 (1.04%) Oracle Database
12 13 (0.96%) HBase
12 13 (0.96%) KDB
13 11 (0.81%) Data Lake
14 9 (0.67%) Oracle Database 11g
14 9 (0.67%) Oracle Database 12c
14 9 (0.67%) Presto
15 8 (0.59%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 146 (10.81%) JIRA
2 128 (9.47%) Git (software)
3 95 (7.03%) Jenkins
4 45 (3.33%) Rational Rhapsody
5 39 (2.89%) Rational DOORS
6 30 (2.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 25 (1.85%) Sonatype Nexus
8 24 (1.78%) ProC
8 24 (1.78%) Selenium
9 23 (1.70%) Maven
10 22 (1.63%) GoogleTest
11 18 (1.33%) Subversion
12 16 (1.18%) Cucumber
13 12 (0.89%) Eclipse
13 12 (0.89%) PVCS
13 12 (0.89%) Xcode
14 11 (0.81%) IBM UrbanCode
14 11 (0.81%) TeamCity
15 10 (0.74%) GitLab
16 9 (0.67%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 180 (13.32%) Finance
2 77 (5.70%) Public Sector
3 67 (4.96%) Military
4 58 (4.29%) Electronics
5 44 (3.26%) Law
5 44 (3.26%) Telecoms
6 38 (2.81%) Manufacturing
7 36 (2.66%) Banking
8 32 (2.37%) Legal
9 30 (2.22%) Marketing
10 22 (1.63%) Aerospace
11 21 (1.55%) Retail
12 20 (1.48%) Front Office
13 16 (1.18%) Local Government
14 15 (1.11%) Automotive
15 14 (1.04%) Games
15 14 (1.04%) Publishing
16 11 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.67%) Billing
17 9 (0.67%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 288 (21.32%) Software Engineer
2 270 (19.99%) Developer
3 171 (12.66%) Embedded Engineer
4 137 (10.14%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 104 (7.70%) C++ Software Engineer
6 94 (6.96%) Analyst
7 89 (6.59%) C Software Engineer
8 74 (5.48%) C/C++ Software Engineer
9 59 (4.37%) Architect
10 58 (4.29%) Systems Engineer
11 56 (4.15%) C Developer
12 54 (4.00%) Test Engineer
13 42 (3.11%) Embedded C Engineer
13 42 (3.11%) Project Manager
14 38 (2.81%) Embedded C Software Engineer
14 38 (2.81%) Software Developer
15 33 (2.44%) Business Analyst
15 33 (2.44%) Embedded C++ Engineer
15 33 (2.44%) Senior Developer
16 32 (2.37%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (5.11%) .NET
2 36 (2.66%) Yocto
3 34 (2.52%) AngularJS
4 33 (2.44%) React
4 33 (2.44%) Web Services
4 33 (2.44%) XML
5 30 (2.22%) Node.js
6 27 (2.00%) HTML
7 25 (1.85%) Middleware
7 25 (1.85%) REST
8 24 (1.78%) Gherkin
8 24 (1.78%) Kafka
8 24 (1.78%) POSIX
9 18 (1.33%) CSS
10 15 (1.11%) JSON
11 13 (0.96%) OpenID
11 13 (0.96%) React Native
12 12 (0.89%) .NET Framework
12 12 (0.89%) Backbone.js
12 12 (0.89%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 148 (10.95%) Analytical Skills
2 52 (3.85%) Self-Motivation
3 49 (3.63%) Device Driver
3 49 (3.63%) Management Information System
4 48 (3.55%) Data Centre
5 39 (2.89%) Embedded Systems
6 34 (2.52%) Algorithms
7 30 (2.22%) User Experience
8 28 (2.07%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
9 21 (1.55%) Greenfield Project
10 17 (1.26%) Public Cloud
11 14 (1.04%) ASIC
11 14 (1.04%) Mobile App
11 14 (1.04%) Private Cloud
12 13 (0.96%) Driving Licence
13 12 (0.89%) e-Learning
13 12 (0.89%) Enterprise Software
13 12 (0.89%) Hedge funds
14 11 (0.81%) Fixed Income
14 11 (0.81%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 352 (26.05%) Linux
2 170 (12.58%) Windows
3 99 (7.33%) Unix
4 39 (2.89%) Embedded Linux
5 38 (2.81%) FreeRTOS
6 36 (2.66%) ThreadX
7 34 (2.52%) Windows Server
8 32 (2.37%) Android
9 30 (2.22%) Apple iOS
10 29 (2.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 25 (1.85%) Windows Server 2012
12 19 (1.41%) Windows Server 2008
13 14 (1.04%) AIX
13 14 (1.04%) Windows 10
14 12 (0.89%) Solaris
14 12 (0.89%) Windows Server 2003
15 8 (0.59%) CentOS
15 8 (0.59%) OpenVMS
15 8 (0.59%) VxWorks
16 6 (0.44%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 457 (33.83%) Agile Software Development
2 379 (28.05%) Software Engineering
3 165 (12.21%) Problem-Solving
4 144 (10.66%) Scrum
5 129 (9.55%) Test Automation
6 124 (9.18%) UML
7 114 (8.44%) DevOps
8 111 (8.22%) Continuous Integration
9 91 (6.74%) TDD
10 87 (6.44%) Cybersecurity
11 79 (5.85%) Mentoring
11 79 (5.85%) Stakeholder Management
12 78 (5.77%) Project Management
13 74 (5.48%) Mathematics
14 72 (5.33%) Business Intelligence
15 70 (5.18%) Computer Science
16 65 (4.81%) Configuration Management
16 65 (4.81%) SDLC
16 65 (4.81%) User Stories
17 64 (4.74%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 437 (32.35%) C++
2 295 (21.84%) Python
3 178 (13.18%) Embedded C
4 175 (12.95%) Java
5 168 (12.44%) SQL
6 122 (9.03%) C#
7 95 (7.03%) Embedded C++
8 69 (5.11%) JavaScript
9 58 (4.29%) Perl
10 52 (3.85%) PowerShell
11 51 (3.77%) Bash Shell
11 51 (3.77%) MATLAB
12 41 (3.03%) Ruby
13 23 (1.70%) PL/SQL
14 21 (1.55%) Shell Script
15 20 (1.48%) Scala
16 18 (1.33%) Apple Swift
16 18 (1.33%) Objective-C
17 17 (1.26%) Go
18 15 (1.11%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 255 (18.87%) Security Cleared
2 185 (13.69%) SC Cleared
3 171 (12.66%) Degree
4 96 (7.11%) DV Cleared
5 35 (2.59%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (1.70%) Cisco Certification
7 18 (1.33%) ISTQB
8 16 (1.18%) CCNA
8 16 (1.18%) CISSP
9 15 (1.11%) BPSS Clearance
9 15 (1.11%) ISEB
9 15 (1.11%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (0.89%) CCNP
11 10 (0.74%) APMP
11 10 (0.74%) GIAC
11 10 (0.74%) HND
12 9 (0.67%) CISM
12 9 (0.67%) SANS
13 8 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
13 8 (0.59%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (4.29%) QA
2 21 (1.55%) SLA
3 18 (1.33%) MISRA
4 14 (1.04%) PMO
5 13 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.74%) Def Stans
7 9 (0.67%) MISRA C
8 7 (0.52%) NIST
9 6 (0.44%) IEC 61508
9 6 (0.44%) JTAG
10 5 (0.37%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 4 (0.30%) DO-254
11 4 (0.30%) GDPR
11 4 (0.30%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.22%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.22%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 3 (0.22%) ECSS
12 3 (0.22%) ISO 14001
12 3 (0.22%) JSP 440
12 3 (0.22%) RMADS
System Software
1 62 (4.59%) Docker
2 44 (3.26%) Active Directory
3 29 (2.15%) Firmware
3 29 (2.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (2.07%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (0.89%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (0.81%) HDFS
6 11 (0.81%) vSphere
7 10 (0.74%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.67%) XenApp
9 8 (0.59%) XenDesktop
10 4 (0.30%) RACF
10 4 (0.30%) Snort
11 3 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.22%) NFS
11 3 (0.22%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.15%) Samba
12 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.15%) Xen
13 1 (0.074%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 42 (3.11%) Ansible
1 42 (3.11%) Kubernetes
2 35 (2.59%) Puppet
3 31 (2.29%) Opscode Chef
4 16 (1.18%) Nagios
5 13 (0.96%) HP ALM
5 13 (0.96%) Terraform
6 11 (0.81%) Hadoop YARN
7 9 (0.67%) Packer
8 8 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
9 7 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
10 6 (0.44%) SCCM
11 5 (0.37%) Cisco CUCM
11 5 (0.37%) Rancher
11 5 (0.37%) vCenter Server
12 4 (0.30%) AirWatch
12 4 (0.30%) Grafana
12 4 (0.30%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 4 (0.30%) OSSEC
12 4 (0.30%) SCOM
Vendors
1 128 (9.47%) Microsoft
2 92 (6.81%) Oracle
3 67 (4.96%) Google
4 59 (4.37%) Atlassian
5 48 (3.55%) Cisco
6 47 (3.48%) VMware
7 43 (3.18%) SAP
8 33 (2.44%) Apple
9 21 (1.55%) Red Hat
10 20 (1.48%) IBM
11 17 (1.26%) HP
11 17 (1.26%) Splunk
12 16 (1.18%) Citrix
13 14 (1.04%) EMC
14 13 (0.96%) Juniper
14 13 (0.96%) New Relic
15 12 (0.89%) Hortonworks
15 12 (0.89%) TIBCO
16 11 (0.81%) Adobe
16 11 (0.81%) Salesforce.com