Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 91 87 87
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 +75
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,686 2,468 2,654
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.69% 2.71% 2.51%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.14% 3.20% 2.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,854 1,687 1,702
UK median daily rate £500 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +11.76%
10th Percentile £363 £360 £325
90th Percentile £650 £630 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 24 7
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £47.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.53% +44.62% -28.26%
10th Percentile £17.91 £36.25 £19.29
90th Percentile £50.50 £51.25 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £33.75
% change year-on-year -17.65% +25.93% -25.00%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85,425 77,081 88,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.66% 84.76% 84.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,293 50,493 58,499
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,320 2,088 2,246
UK median hourly rate £21.75 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.00% - +17.37%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.47 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% -7.41% +25.29%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 2,539 £500 - 784
London +7 1,457 £550 +4.76% 380
UK excluding London -19 1,182 £475 +5.56% 440
North of England -2 437 £450 - 109
South East -16 305 £475 - 135
Yorkshire 0 198 £460 +6.98% 31
Midlands -4 158 £500 +5.26% 53
North West -8 142 £475 +5.56% 69
West Midlands -24 114 £510 +7.37% 33
North East +3 104 £400 -5.88% 9
East of England -16 94 £512 +2.45% 42
South West -13 88 £500 +25.00% 64
Scotland -17 74 £440 +17.33% 25
East Midlands +24 43 £475 -5.00% 20
Wales -7 26 £513 +13.89% 6
Northern Ireland +13 3 £294 -15.47% 6

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,514 (56.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,182 (44.01%) Java
3 906 (33.73%) Linux
4 901 (33.54%) DevOps
5 779 (29.00%) Python
6 713 (26.55%) Jenkins
7 675 (25.13%) Amazon AWS
8 664 (24.72%) JavaScript
9 655 (24.39%) Git (software)
10 579 (21.56%) Continuous Integration
11 578 (21.52%) Test Automation
12 544 (20.25%) TDD
13 540 (20.10%) Docker
14 524 (19.51%) Microservices
15 515 (19.17%) Puppet
16 470 (17.50%) Scrum
16 470 (17.50%) Configuration Management
17 420 (15.64%) SQL
18 417 (15.52%) HTML
18 417 (15.52%) Finance
19 413 (15.38%) Security Cleared
20 411 (15.30%) Ansible
21 410 (15.26%) Ruby
22 381 (14.18%) CSS
23 366 (13.63%) Node.js
24 360 (13.40%) Spring
25 355 (13.22%) Web Services
26 349 (12.99%) REST
27 342 (12.73%) SC Cleared
28 339 (12.62%) Microsoft Azure

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 191 (7.11%) Confluence
2 186 (6.92%) Apache
3 148 (5.51%) nginx
4 135 (5.03%) Apache Spark
4 135 (5.03%) Tomcat
5 124 (4.62%) Elasticsearch
6 64 (2.38%) Cloud Foundry
7 59 (2.20%) JBoss
8 53 (1.97%) Apache Pig
9 44 (1.64%) WebSphere
10 36 (1.34%) OpenStack
11 35 (1.30%) WebLogic
12 30 (1.12%) Jetty
13 29 (1.08%) SAS
14 24 (0.89%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 23 (0.86%) CMS
16 22 (0.82%) Apache Solr
16 22 (0.82%) IIS
17 19 (0.71%) WildFly
18 17 (0.63%) Mongrel
Applications
1 16 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.41%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.30%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
6 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.074%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.074%) SPSS
8 1 (0.037%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 17 (0.63%) Magento
2 11 (0.41%) ION MarketView
3 7 (0.26%) Summit
4 6 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.074%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.074%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
7 1 (0.037%) Exchequer
7 1 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.037%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.037%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.037%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.037%) R3 Corda
7 1 (0.037%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 675 (25.13%) Amazon AWS
2 339 (12.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 158 (5.88%) GitHub
4 143 (5.32%) PaaS
5 103 (3.83%) SaaS
6 97 (3.61%) IaaS
7 77 (2.87%) AWS CloudFormation
8 70 (2.61%) npm
9 68 (2.53%) Amazon EC2
10 66 (2.46%) Google Cloud Platform
10 66 (2.46%) Serverless
11 59 (2.20%) Cloud Computing
12 45 (1.68%) Datadog
13 43 (1.60%) Slack
14 41 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
15 34 (1.27%) Amazon S3
16 30 (1.12%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 29 (1.08%) Google Analytics
18 28 (1.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 25 (0.93%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 245 (9.12%) HTTP
2 201 (7.48%) TCP/IP
3 161 (5.99%) SSL
4 130 (4.84%) DNS
5 108 (4.02%) Firewall
6 80 (2.98%) Internet
7 72 (2.68%) DHCP
8 59 (2.20%) FTP
9 51 (1.90%) IPsec
10 35 (1.30%) SMS
11 28 (1.04%) Network Security
12 24 (0.89%) VPN
13 16 (0.60%) AMQP
13 16 (0.60%) WAN
14 15 (0.56%) SSH
15 12 (0.45%) Kerberos
16 10 (0.37%) ICMP
16 10 (0.37%) Intrusion Detection
16 10 (0.37%) LAN
17 9 (0.34%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 338 (12.58%) MongoDB
2 330 (12.29%) MySQL
3 322 (11.99%) NoSQL
4 318 (11.84%) PostgreSQL
5 271 (10.09%) Relational Database
6 254 (9.46%) Big Data
7 208 (7.74%) Hadoop
8 126 (4.69%) SQL Server
9 115 (4.28%) Apache Cassandra
10 100 (3.72%) RDBMS
11 91 (3.39%) Apache Hive
12 84 (3.13%) Data Warehouse
13 64 (2.38%) Redis
14 55 (2.05%) Amazon Redshift
15 36 (1.34%) Data Mining
16 32 (1.19%) HBase
17 29 (1.08%) Neo4j
18 27 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
18 27 (1.01%) Flink
18 27 (1.01%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 713 (26.55%) Jenkins
2 655 (24.39%) Git (software)
3 255 (9.49%) JIRA
4 216 (8.04%) JUnit
5 211 (7.86%) Selenium
6 193 (7.19%) Cucumber
7 144 (5.36%) Maven
8 129 (4.80%) Subversion
9 104 (3.87%) Artifactory
10 80 (2.98%) Travis CI
11 77 (2.87%) Gradle
12 73 (2.72%) gulp
12 73 (2.72%) TeamCity
13 64 (2.38%) Jasmine
14 63 (2.35%) WebDriver
15 58 (2.16%) SoapUI
16 57 (2.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 47 (1.75%) Ant
17 47 (1.75%) GitLab
18 46 (1.71%) Hudson
General
1 417 (15.52%) Finance
2 227 (8.45%) Banking
3 131 (4.88%) Retail
4 67 (2.49%) Telecoms
5 61 (2.27%) Marketing
6 47 (1.75%) Games
6 47 (1.75%) Investment Banking
7 34 (1.27%) Manufacturing
8 32 (1.19%) Electronics
9 28 (1.04%) Back Office
9 28 (1.04%) Front Office
9 28 (1.04%) Publishing
10 24 (0.89%) Legal
11 23 (0.86%) Financial Institution
12 20 (0.74%) Law
13 11 (0.41%) Retail Banking
14 10 (0.37%) Advertising
15 7 (0.26%) Billing
16 5 (0.19%) Automotive
16 5 (0.19%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 896 (33.36%) Developer
2 401 (14.93%) DevOps Engineer
3 358 (13.33%) Architect
4 318 (11.84%) Java Developer
5 143 (5.32%) Analyst
6 121 (4.50%) Senior Developer
7 113 (4.21%) Technical Architect
8 112 (4.17%) AWS Engineer
9 91 (3.39%) Solutions Architect
10 90 (3.35%) AWS DevOps
10 90 (3.35%) Software Engineer
11 88 (3.28%) JavaScript Developer
12 87 (3.24%) Consultant
13 83 (3.09%) React Developer
14 81 (3.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 80 (2.98%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 79 (2.94%) Linux Engineer
17 74 (2.76%) Tester
18 73 (2.72%) Scala Developer
19 69 (2.57%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 417 (15.52%) HTML
2 381 (14.18%) CSS
3 366 (13.63%) Node.js
4 360 (13.40%) Spring
5 355 (13.22%) Web Services
6 349 (12.99%) REST
7 294 (10.95%) AngularJS
8 282 (10.50%) RESTful
9 216 (8.04%) .NET
10 215 (8.00%) React
11 209 (7.78%) HTML5
12 186 (6.92%) SOAP
13 185 (6.89%) Kafka
14 174 (6.48%) JSON
15 157 (5.85%) XML
16 148 (5.51%) Spring Boot
17 141 (5.25%) Elastic Stack
18 131 (4.88%) CSS3
19 118 (4.39%) Hibernate
20 105 (3.91%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 207 (7.71%) Analytical Skills
2 149 (5.55%) User Experience
3 107 (3.98%) Computer Science
4 100 (3.72%) Management Information System
5 97 (3.61%) Greenfield Project
6 94 (3.50%) Algorithms
7 90 (3.35%) Mobile App
8 75 (2.79%) Data Centre
9 70 (2.61%) Linux Command Line
10 65 (2.42%) Public Cloud
11 60 (2.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 52 (1.94%) Fintech
13 50 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
14 47 (1.75%) Data Structures
14 47 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
15 34 (1.27%) Online Banking
16 29 (1.08%) NHS
17 28 (1.04%) Social Media
18 26 (0.97%) Cloud Native
19 23 (0.86%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 906 (33.73%) Linux
2 320 (11.91%) Unix
3 255 (9.49%) Windows
4 163 (6.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 78 (2.90%) CentOS
6 74 (2.76%) Ubuntu
7 66 (2.46%) Windows Server
8 64 (2.38%) Android
9 55 (2.05%) Mac OS X
10 43 (1.60%) Apple iOS
11 35 (1.30%) AIX
12 33 (1.23%) Solaris
13 24 (0.89%) VMS
14 19 (0.71%) Debian
15 17 (0.63%) CoreOS
15 17 (0.63%) HPUX
15 17 (0.63%) MVS
16 16 (0.60%) VME
16 16 (0.60%) Windows 2000 Server
17 15 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,514 (56.37%) Agile Software Development
2 901 (33.54%) DevOps
3 579 (21.56%) Continuous Integration
4 578 (21.52%) Test Automation
5 544 (20.25%) TDD
6 524 (19.51%) Microservices
7 470 (17.50%) Configuration Management
7 470 (17.50%) Scrum
8 315 (11.73%) Problem-Solving
9 313 (11.65%) BDD
10 270 (10.05%) Software Engineering
11 261 (9.72%) Continuous Delivery
12 237 (8.82%) OO
13 235 (8.75%) Mentoring
14 228 (8.49%) Analytics
15 212 (7.89%) Kanban
16 165 (6.14%) SDLC
17 164 (6.11%) High Availability
18 160 (5.96%) MVC
19 138 (5.14%) Open Source Development
Programming Languages
1 1,182 (44.01%) Java
2 779 (29.00%) Python
3 664 (24.72%) JavaScript
4 420 (15.64%) SQL
5 410 (15.26%) Ruby
6 294 (10.95%) Scala
7 249 (9.27%) Bash Shell
8 221 (8.23%) C#
9 203 (7.56%) Perl
10 146 (5.44%) Java 8
11 141 (5.25%) PHP
12 128 (4.77%) Groovy
12 128 (4.77%) Shell Script
13 125 (4.65%) C
14 121 (4.50%) C++
15 108 (4.02%) PowerShell
16 62 (2.31%) R
17 54 (2.01%) TypeScript
18 53 (1.97%) Go
19 51 (1.90%) ES6
Qualifications
1 413 (15.38%) Security Cleared
2 342 (12.73%) SC Cleared
3 218 (8.12%) Degree
4 71 (2.64%) BPSS Clearance
5 68 (2.53%) Computer Science Degree
6 32 (1.19%) CISSP
7 24 (0.89%) Cisco Certification
7 24 (0.89%) Master's Degree
7 24 (0.89%) PRINCE2 Certification
8 22 (0.82%) ISTQB
9 21 (0.78%) CCNP
10 20 (0.74%) CCDP
10 20 (0.74%) Chartered Engineer
10 20 (0.74%) CISM
11 18 (0.67%) ISEB
12 14 (0.52%) DV Cleared
13 10 (0.37%) AWS Certification
13 10 (0.37%) BC Cleared
13 10 (0.37%) CCIE
13 10 (0.37%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 188 (7.00%) QA
2 34 (1.27%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.74%) GCP
4 16 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
5 15 (0.56%) GDPR
6 14 (0.52%) PMO
7 12 (0.45%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 9 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 8 (0.30%) HL7
10 6 (0.22%) CESG Infosec
10 6 (0.22%) PCI DSS
11 5 (0.19%) TickIT
12 4 (0.15%) SLA
13 3 (0.11%) WAI
14 2 (0.074%) PSD2
15 1 (0.037%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 1 (0.037%) SEPA
15 1 (0.037%) WCAG
System Software
1 540 (20.10%) Docker
2 101 (3.76%) Virtual Machines
3 78 (2.90%) Active Directory
4 58 (2.16%) VMware Infrastructure
5 35 (1.30%) Apache Flume
6 29 (1.08%) Hyper-V
7 20 (0.74%) etcd
8 19 (0.71%) flannel
9 18 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 18 (0.67%) Xen
10 17 (0.63%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 16 (0.60%) Job Entry Subsystem
12 15 (0.56%) HDFS
12 15 (0.56%) RACF
13 14 (0.52%) Firmware
14 13 (0.48%) LXC
15 12 (0.45%) VirtualBox
16 10 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
17 9 (0.34%) ProxySG
18 8 (0.30%) NFS
Systems Management
1 515 (19.17%) Puppet
2 411 (15.30%) Ansible
3 327 (12.17%) Opscode Chef
4 268 (9.98%) Kubernetes
5 237 (8.82%) Terraform
6 77 (2.87%) Grafana
7 67 (2.49%) Kibana
7 67 (2.49%) Nagios
8 60 (2.23%) Packer
9 57 (2.12%) logstash
10 49 (1.82%) HAProxy
11 46 (1.71%) Salt
12 30 (1.12%) Prometheus
13 27 (1.01%) Consul
14 25 (0.93%) Oozie
15 23 (0.86%) Docker Swarm
16 22 (0.82%) Host Intrusion Detection System
16 22 (0.82%) Network Intrusion Detection System
17 21 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
18 20 (0.74%) rkt
Vendors
1 182 (6.78%) Oracle
2 167 (6.22%) Microsoft
3 161 (5.99%) Google
4 150 (5.58%) Red Hat
5 81 (3.02%) VMware
6 77 (2.87%) Splunk
7 65 (2.42%) Atlassian
8 57 (2.12%) SAP
9 50 (1.86%) SaltStack
10 49 (1.82%) New Relic
11 45 (1.68%) Cisco
12 32 (1.19%) ServiceNow
13 31 (1.15%) Tableau
14 29 (1.08%) HP
14 29 (1.08%) Informatica
15 27 (1.01%) IBM
16 23 (0.86%) Hortonworks
17 21 (0.78%) TIBCO
18 19 (0.71%) Adobe
18 19 (0.71%) Salesforce.com