Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 136 93 95
Rank change year-on-year -43 +2 -13
Contract jobs citing Open Source 1,601 2,710 2,629
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.89% 2.62% 2.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.19% 3.02% 3.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,041 1,761 1,890
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £395 £363 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £498 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -0.50% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 11 12
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -9.68% -9.36%
10th Percentile £18.75 £15.00 £13.16
90th Percentile £50.00 £73.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.00 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -2.86% - -9.68%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,115 89,839 86,433
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.33% 86.84% 86.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,039 59,281 57,279
UK median daily rate £475 £455 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.51% +1.00% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £278
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,283 2,430 2,073
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £20.62 £24.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.38% -16.37% +9.60%
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.91 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +14.54% -20.00% +11.11%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -43 1,513 £550 +4.76% 526
London -21 931 £563 +2.27% 258
UK excluding London -71 626 £498 -0.50% 302
North of England -15 233 £500 - 85
South East -89 150 £475 -5.00% 62
Yorkshire -5 91 £500 +5.26% 32
North West -18 80 £550 -8.33% 44
Midlands -31 78 £475 +4.97% 40
South West -11 67 £475 +5.56% 55
West Midlands -21 66 £475 +10.47% 27
North East -3 62 £450 -5.26% 9
East of England -11 50 £438 -16.67% 28
Scotland -32 38 £520 -5.45% 25
East Midlands -2 14 £650 +30.00% 13
Wales +9 10 £550 -4.35% 5

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 844 (52.72%) Agile Software Development
2 686 (42.85%) Java
3 602 (37.60%) DevOps
4 562 (35.10%) AWS
5 551 (34.42%) Python
6 452 (28.23%) JavaScript
7 448 (27.98%) Linux
8 431 (26.92%) Jenkins
9 400 (24.98%) Git (software)
10 399 (24.92%) Docker
11 358 (22.36%) Continuous Integration
12 305 (19.05%) TDD
13 298 (18.61%) Microservices
14 296 (18.49%) Web Services
15 294 (18.36%) Security Cleared
16 282 (17.61%) Test Automation
17 280 (17.49%) Azure
18 279 (17.43%) Ansible
19 273 (17.05%) SQL
20 264 (16.49%) Kubernetes
21 258 (16.11%) AngularJS
22 256 (15.99%) Finance
23 254 (15.87%) Scrum
24 219 (13.68%) Terraform
25 215 (13.43%) Node.js
26 214 (13.37%) SC Cleared
27 213 (13.30%) Configuration Management
28 208 (12.99%) CSS
29 205 (12.80%) HTML
30 202 (12.62%) Software Engineering

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (6.50%) Confluence
2 79 (4.93%) Apache Spark
3 77 (4.81%) Apache
4 59 (3.69%) Elasticsearch
5 55 (3.44%) Tomcat
6 54 (3.37%) nginx
7 36 (2.25%) IIS
8 35 (2.19%) Drupal
9 27 (1.69%) SAS
10 25 (1.56%) GeoServer
11 22 (1.37%) CMS
11 22 (1.37%) JBoss
12 21 (1.31%) ArcGIS
13 20 (1.25%) Cloud Foundry
13 20 (1.25%) WebSphere
14 18 (1.12%) Jetty
14 18 (1.12%) OpenStack
15 17 (1.06%) WordPress
16 15 (0.94%) WebLogic
17 11 (0.69%) Jupyter
Applications
1 33 (2.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.69%) Photoshop
3 8 (0.50%) SPSS
4 6 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.31%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
7 2 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 2 (0.12%) InVision
7 2 (0.12%) Sketch
8 1 (0.062%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 13 (0.81%) Magento
2 10 (0.62%) Distributed Ledger
2 10 (0.62%) R3 Corda
3 7 (0.44%) FINCAD Analytics
4 2 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.062%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.062%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.062%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 562 (35.10%) AWS
2 280 (17.49%) Azure
3 188 (11.74%) GitHub
4 136 (8.49%) GCP
5 132 (8.24%) Amazon EC2
6 115 (7.18%) Serverless
7 85 (5.31%) Amazon S3
8 75 (4.68%) AWS CloudFormation
9 73 (4.56%) Amazon SQS
10 70 (4.37%) OpenShift
11 63 (3.94%) AWS Lambda
11 63 (3.94%) PaaS
12 51 (3.19%) Cloud Computing
13 41 (2.56%) Google Analytics
13 41 (2.56%) npm
14 36 (2.25%) SaaS
15 33 (2.06%) Amazon ECS
16 32 (2.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 30 (1.87%) IaaS
18 27 (1.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 94 (5.87%) HTTP
2 87 (5.43%) TCP/IP
3 72 (4.50%) SSL
4 34 (2.12%) DNS
5 33 (2.06%) Firewall
5 33 (2.06%) Network Security
6 32 (2.00%) Internet
7 30 (1.87%) FTP
8 29 (1.81%) DHCP
9 22 (1.37%) IPsec
10 19 (1.19%) WAN
11 16 (1.00%) Intrusion Detection
11 16 (1.00%) VPN
12 11 (0.69%) AMQP
13 10 (0.62%) NAS
13 10 (0.62%) SAN
14 9 (0.56%) VoIP
15 8 (0.50%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
16 7 (0.44%) Bluetooth
16 7 (0.44%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (10.43%) PostgreSQL
2 165 (10.31%) MySQL
3 134 (8.37%) NoSQL
4 125 (7.81%) MongoDB
5 110 (6.87%) Amazon RDS
6 97 (6.06%) Big Data
7 93 (5.81%) SQL Server
8 92 (5.75%) Hadoop
9 90 (5.62%) Relational Database
10 59 (3.69%) Amazon Redshift
11 37 (2.31%) Apache Cassandra
12 35 (2.19%) Data Warehouse
13 32 (2.00%) Blockchain
14 29 (1.81%) GIS
15 27 (1.69%) Oracle Database
16 25 (1.56%) RDBMS
17 23 (1.44%) Geospatial Data
18 21 (1.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 20 (1.25%) DB2
19 20 (1.25%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 431 (26.92%) Jenkins
2 400 (24.98%) Git (software)
3 149 (9.31%) JIRA
4 137 (8.56%) Maven
5 121 (7.56%) Selenium
6 114 (7.12%) JUnit
7 102 (6.37%) Cucumber
8 82 (5.12%) SonarQube
9 70 (4.37%) Mockito
10 61 (3.81%) Artifactory
11 60 (3.75%) Travis CI
12 57 (3.56%) Subversion
13 56 (3.50%) Gatling
14 50 (3.12%) Gradle
15 46 (2.87%) jMock
16 45 (2.81%) DbUnit
16 45 (2.81%) gulp
17 44 (2.75%) Bitbucket
18 41 (2.56%) GitLab
19 39 (2.44%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 256 (15.99%) Finance
2 143 (8.93%) Public Sector
3 91 (5.68%) Banking
4 75 (4.68%) Front Office
5 33 (2.06%) Marketing
6 26 (1.62%) Law
7 25 (1.56%) Publishing
8 22 (1.37%) Pharmaceutical
9 21 (1.31%) Games
10 16 (1.00%) Telecoms
11 15 (0.94%) Financial Institution
11 15 (0.94%) Investment Banking
12 13 (0.81%) Manufacturing
12 13 (0.81%) Retail
13 12 (0.75%) Retail Banking
14 10 (0.62%) Advertising
14 10 (0.62%) Legal
15 6 (0.37%) Electronics
16 3 (0.19%) Police
17 2 (0.12%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 654 (40.85%) Developer
2 216 (13.49%) DevOps Engineer
3 185 (11.56%) Architect
4 169 (10.56%) Java Developer
5 96 (6.00%) React Developer
6 89 (5.56%) Senior Developer
7 87 (5.43%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 81 (5.06%) JavaScript Developer
9 72 (4.50%) Full Stack Developer
10 62 (3.87%) Analyst
10 62 (3.87%) Tester
11 61 (3.81%) Python Developer
12 58 (3.62%) Angular Developer
13 57 (3.56%) Software Engineer
14 56 (3.50%) AWS Engineer
14 56 (3.50%) Data Engineer
15 53 (3.31%) AWS Developer
15 53 (3.31%) Technical Architect
16 50 (3.12%) Lead Developer
16 50 (3.12%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 296 (18.49%) Web Services
2 258 (16.11%) AngularJS
3 215 (13.43%) Node.js
4 208 (12.99%) CSS
5 205 (12.80%) HTML
6 197 (12.30%) Spring
7 169 (10.56%) React
8 168 (10.49%) REST
9 163 (10.18%) RESTful
10 141 (8.81%) JSON
11 119 (7.43%) .NET
12 105 (6.56%) XML
13 101 (6.31%) HTML5
14 99 (6.18%) SOAP
15 97 (6.06%) Kafka
16 85 (5.31%) Spring Boot
17 77 (4.81%) J2EE
18 65 (4.06%) CSS3
19 56 (3.50%) RabbitMQ
19 56 (3.50%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 126 (7.87%) Greenfield Project
2 100 (6.25%) User Experience
3 67 (4.18%) Analytical Skills
4 59 (3.69%) Blog
4 59 (3.69%) Public Cloud
5 54 (3.37%) Data Centre
6 50 (3.12%) Algorithms
7 47 (2.94%) Fixed Income
8 29 (1.81%) Data Structures
9 25 (1.56%) Derivative
9 25 (1.56%) Mobile App
10 23 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
11 21 (1.31%) Self-Motivation
12 20 (1.25%) Cloud Native
12 20 (1.25%) Hedge funds
13 17 (1.06%) Enterprise Cloud
14 16 (1.00%) Bitcoin
15 15 (0.94%) Clustering
15 15 (0.94%) Management Information System
16 13 (0.81%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 448 (27.98%) Linux
2 155 (9.68%) Windows
3 131 (8.18%) Unix
4 98 (6.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 50 (3.12%) Ubuntu
6 38 (2.37%) Android
7 31 (1.94%) CentOS
8 29 (1.81%) Apple iOS
9 28 (1.75%) Windows Server
10 13 (0.81%) Debian
11 10 (0.62%) Mac OS X
11 10 (0.62%) VMS
12 9 (0.56%) Kali Linux
13 8 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.37%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.37%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 6 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
15 4 (0.25%) Solaris
16 3 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
16 3 (0.19%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 844 (52.72%) Agile Software Development
2 602 (37.60%) DevOps
3 358 (22.36%) Continuous Integration
4 305 (19.05%) TDD
5 298 (18.61%) Microservices
6 282 (17.61%) Test Automation
7 254 (15.87%) Scrum
8 213 (13.30%) Configuration Management
9 202 (12.62%) Software Engineering
10 166 (10.37%) BDD
11 156 (9.74%) Continuous Delivery
12 155 (9.68%) Analytics
13 135 (8.43%) OO
14 130 (8.12%) Front End Development
15 122 (7.62%) Mentoring
16 114 (7.12%) Kanban
17 110 (6.87%) Data Science
18 100 (6.25%) Problem-Solving
19 93 (5.81%) Migration
20 91 (5.68%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 686 (42.85%) Java
2 551 (34.42%) Python
3 452 (28.23%) JavaScript
4 273 (17.05%) SQL
5 172 (10.74%) C#
6 156 (9.74%) Ruby
7 110 (6.87%) ES6
7 110 (6.87%) Scala
8 103 (6.43%) Bash Shell
9 94 (5.87%) Java 8
10 92 (5.75%) Perl
11 88 (5.50%) C++
12 84 (5.25%) Shell Script
13 81 (5.06%) PHP
14 71 (4.43%) PowerShell
15 61 (3.81%) TypeScript
16 49 (3.06%) R
17 45 (2.81%) Groovy
18 39 (2.44%) Go
19 28 (1.75%) C
Qualifications
1 294 (18.36%) Security Cleared
2 214 (13.37%) SC Cleared
3 101 (6.31%) Degree
4 37 (2.31%) ISTQB
5 36 (2.25%) BPSS Clearance
6 35 (2.19%) ISEB
7 33 (2.06%) AWS Certification
8 28 (1.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 27 (1.69%) RHCE
10 24 (1.50%) CISSP
11 23 (1.44%) PhD
12 19 (1.19%) Master's Degree
13 17 (1.06%) DV Cleared
13 17 (1.06%) OSCP
14 15 (0.94%) Computer Science Degree
14 15 (0.94%) DBS Check
15 14 (0.87%) SANS
16 11 (0.69%) CEH
16 11 (0.69%) TOGAF Certification
17 10 (0.62%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (6.81%) QA
2 21 (1.31%) WCAG
3 10 (0.62%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.37%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.37%) NCSC
6 4 (0.25%) GDPR
6 4 (0.25%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.25%) SLA
7 2 (0.12%) HL7
8 1 (0.062%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.062%) NIST
8 1 (0.062%) PMO
8 1 (0.062%) RMADS
8 1 (0.062%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.062%) TARGET2
System Software
1 399 (24.92%) Docker
2 55 (3.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 35 (2.19%) Virtual Machines
4 25 (1.56%) Postfix
5 18 (1.12%) vSphere
6 13 (0.81%) Active Directory
6 13 (0.81%) Oracle RAC
6 13 (0.81%) Xen
7 12 (0.75%) Hyper-V
8 8 (0.50%) HDFS
9 6 (0.37%) KVM
10 5 (0.31%) Snort
10 5 (0.31%) vCloud
11 4 (0.25%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 4 (0.25%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 3 (0.19%) iptables
13 2 (0.12%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.12%) BitLocker
13 2 (0.12%) Kamailio
13 2 (0.12%) PowerDNS
Systems Management
1 279 (17.43%) Ansible
2 264 (16.49%) Kubernetes
3 219 (13.68%) Terraform
4 181 (11.31%) Puppet
5 144 (8.99%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (3.56%) Grafana
7 44 (2.75%) Kibana
8 36 (2.25%) Prometheus
9 26 (1.62%) Nessus
10 25 (1.56%) Nmap
11 24 (1.50%) Nagios
12 23 (1.44%) Salt
13 18 (1.12%) Consul
13 18 (1.12%) Packer
13 18 (1.12%) Suricata
14 14 (0.87%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 13 (0.81%) Data Guard
15 13 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
16 11 (0.69%) WSUS
17 10 (0.62%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 148 (9.24%) Oracle
2 139 (8.68%) Microsoft
3 128 (8.00%) Google
4 58 (3.62%) VMware
5 50 (3.12%) Red Hat
6 46 (2.87%) Splunk
7 42 (2.62%) HP
8 28 (1.75%) IBM
9 22 (1.37%) BMC
10 20 (1.25%) TIBCO
11 18 (1.12%) ESRI
11 18 (1.12%) MuleSoft
11 18 (1.12%) Qualys
12 16 (1.00%) ServiceNow
13 15 (0.94%) Adobe
13 15 (0.94%) Cloudera
13 15 (0.94%) New Relic
14 14 (0.87%) Apple
14 14 (0.87%) Citrix
14 14 (0.87%) Databricks