Period
to 7 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 7 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
7 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 135 112 96
Rank change year-on-year -23 -16 0
Contract jobs citing Open Source 667 1,983 2,702
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.89% 2.18% 2.63%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.20% 2.51% 3.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 444 1,276 1,827
Median daily rate £550 £540 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.85% +3.85% +4.00%
10th Percentile £338 £388 £363
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £511 £493 £475
% change year-on-year +3.76% +3.68% +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 20 16
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
10th Percentile £28.66 £22.58 £16.32
90th Percentile £58.10 £36.58 £62.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 30,284 79,150 89,211
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.99% 86.83% 86.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,912 52,054 58,808
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,099 2,287 2,401
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £21.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% +12.94% -11.88%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.75 £11.17
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £30.00 £24.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +25.00% +20.00% -20.00%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 7 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 626 £550 - 209
London -5 394 £554 +0.64% 86
UK excluding London -3 241 £511 +3.76% 133
North of England -4 83 £600 +20.00% 32
Work from Home -45 60 £511 +2.20% 44
South East +78 54 £450 -5.26% 29
South West +37 48 £638 +27.65% 24
Yorkshire +27 45 £663 +32.50% 7
Midlands +20 20 £338 -28.95% 16
North West -11 20 £450 -10.00% 23
East of England +38 18 £525 +16.67% 21
North East +8 18 £900 +89.47% 2
West Midlands +4 15 £538 +13.16% 13
Scotland +30 12 £400 -5.88% 7
East Midlands +48 5 £320 -50.77% 3
Wales +24 5 £400 -27.27% 3
Northern Ireland - 1 £400 - 2

For the 6 months to 7 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 354 (53.07%) Agile Software Development
2 275 (41.23%) AWS
3 244 (36.58%) Python
4 241 (36.13%) DevOps
5 240 (35.98%) Java
6 213 (31.93%) JavaScript
7 207 (31.03%) Azure
8 196 (29.39%) Git (software)
9 169 (25.34%) Jenkins
10 165 (24.74%) Kubernetes
11 161 (24.14%) Docker
12 155 (23.24%) Terraform
13 152 (22.79%) Linux
14 147 (22.04%) Security Cleared
15 139 (20.84%) SQL
16 138 (20.69%) Continuous Integration
17 136 (20.39%) Microservices
18 120 (17.99%) Scrum
19 119 (17.84%) GCP
20 118 (17.69%) Ansible
20 118 (17.69%) Node.js
21 116 (17.39%) Test Automation
22 104 (15.59%) Finance
23 102 (15.29%) HTML
24 101 (15.14%) SC Cleared
25 99 (14.84%) CSS
26 95 (14.24%) Web Services
27 91 (13.64%) REST
28 86 (12.89%) TDD
29 84 (12.59%) AngularJS

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (8.10%) Confluence
2 26 (3.90%) Apache Spark
3 21 (3.15%) JBoss
3 21 (3.15%) Tomcat
4 20 (3.00%) Elasticsearch
5 18 (2.70%) Apache
6 14 (2.10%) nginx
6 14 (2.10%) WebSphere
7 12 (1.80%) WebSphere Application Server
8 11 (1.65%) Cloud Foundry
9 10 (1.50%) Apache Geronimo
9 10 (1.50%) Apache TomEE
10 9 (1.35%) CMS
10 9 (1.35%) GeoServer
11 6 (0.90%) SharePoint
12 5 (0.75%) Apache ServiceMix
12 5 (0.75%) BizTalk Server
12 5 (0.75%) Headless CMS
12 5 (0.75%) IIS
12 5 (0.75%) WebLogic
Applications
1 11 (1.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.45%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.45%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.15%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 5 (0.75%) Magento
2 4 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.45%) Shopify
4 2 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.15%) FINCAD Analytics
5 1 (0.15%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.15%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 1 (0.15%) SAP CRM
5 1 (0.15%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.15%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 275 (41.23%) AWS
2 207 (31.03%) Azure
3 119 (17.84%) GCP
4 53 (7.95%) Serverless
5 44 (6.60%) AWS Lambda
6 40 (6.00%) GitHub
6 40 (6.00%) SaaS
7 33 (4.95%) OpenShift
8 30 (4.50%) Amazon EC2
8 30 (4.50%) Amazon S3
9 28 (4.20%) Amazon ECS
10 26 (3.90%) PaaS
11 23 (3.45%) IaaS
12 22 (3.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 20 (3.00%) Cloud Computing
14 17 (2.55%) Azure Functions
15 16 (2.40%) npm
15 16 (2.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 13 (1.95%) AWS CloudFormation
16 13 (1.95%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 48 (7.20%) HTTP
2 41 (6.15%) TCP/IP
3 23 (3.45%) Firewall
4 16 (2.40%) DNS
4 16 (2.40%) SSL
5 11 (1.65%) Internet
6 8 (1.20%) DHCP
7 7 (1.05%) Kerberos
7 7 (1.05%) VPN
8 6 (0.90%) FTP
9 4 (0.60%) Network Security
9 4 (0.60%) Wireshark
10 3 (0.45%) BGP
10 3 (0.45%) Intranet
10 3 (0.45%) WAN
11 2 (0.30%) DVB
11 2 (0.30%) OSPF
11 2 (0.30%) Unified Communications
11 2 (0.30%) Wireless
11 2 (0.30%) Wireless Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (9.45%) NoSQL
2 54 (8.10%) Big Data
3 49 (7.35%) SQL Server
4 46 (6.90%) PostgreSQL
5 35 (5.25%) MongoDB
6 34 (5.10%) Relational Database
7 30 (4.50%) Hadoop
8 23 (3.45%) MySQL
9 22 (3.30%) Data Warehouse
10 19 (2.85%) Amazon RDS
11 18 (2.70%) Apache Cassandra
12 14 (2.10%) Apache Accumulo
12 14 (2.10%) Spotfire
13 11 (1.65%) Redis
14 10 (1.50%) BigQuery
14 10 (1.50%) Data Lake
14 10 (1.50%) Data Mining
15 9 (1.35%) Flink
15 9 (1.35%) Oracle Database
15 9 (1.35%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 196 (29.39%) Git (software)
2 169 (25.34%) Jenkins
3 67 (10.04%) JIRA
4 56 (8.40%) CircleCI
5 50 (7.50%) Cucumber
6 44 (6.60%) Bitbucket
6 44 (6.60%) Maven
7 42 (6.30%) JUnit
8 41 (6.15%) Selenium
9 40 (6.00%) GitLab
10 32 (4.80%) Gradle
11 28 (4.20%) SonarQube
11 28 (4.20%) Travis CI
12 26 (3.90%) JMeter
13 25 (3.75%) WebDriver
14 21 (3.15%) Artifactory
14 21 (3.15%) Jasmine
15 20 (3.00%) Gatling
15 20 (3.00%) gulp
16 18 (2.70%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 104 (15.59%) Finance
2 77 (11.54%) Public Sector
3 39 (5.85%) Banking
4 27 (4.05%) Front Office
5 15 (2.25%) Aerospace
6 14 (2.10%) Legal
7 11 (1.65%) Telecoms
8 10 (1.50%) Manufacturing
8 10 (1.50%) Marketing
9 8 (1.20%) Electronics
9 8 (1.20%) Investment Banking
10 7 (1.05%) Law
10 7 (1.05%) Retail
11 6 (0.90%) Games
12 5 (0.75%) Local Government
13 4 (0.60%) Publishing
13 4 (0.60%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.30%) Police
16 1 (0.15%) Housing Association
Job Titles
1 253 (37.93%) Developer
2 80 (11.99%) DevOps Engineer
3 51 (7.65%) Java Developer
4 47 (7.05%) Python Developer
5 40 (6.00%) Architect
6 38 (5.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 29 (4.35%) Senior Developer
8 27 (4.05%) Full Stack Developer
9 26 (3.90%) AWS Engineer
10 25 (3.75%) Senior DevOps
11 23 (3.45%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 23 (3.45%) Tester
12 22 (3.30%) Data Engineer
13 21 (3.15%) C# Developer
14 20 (3.00%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 19 (2.85%) Azure Engineer
15 19 (2.85%) Cloud Engineer
16 18 (2.70%) Analyst
17 17 (2.55%) Administrator
17 17 (2.55%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 118 (17.69%) Node.js
2 102 (15.29%) HTML
3 99 (14.84%) CSS
4 95 (14.24%) Web Services
5 91 (13.64%) REST
6 84 (12.59%) AngularJS
7 73 (10.94%) React
8 70 (10.49%) RESTful
9 61 (9.15%) Kafka
10 56 (8.40%) Spring
11 40 (6.00%) SOAP
12 37 (5.55%) HTML5
12 37 (5.55%) Redux
13 36 (5.40%) .NET
14 34 (5.10%) XML
15 29 (4.35%) Django
16 27 (4.05%) JSON
17 26 (3.90%) Gherkin
18 25 (3.75%) GraphQL
18 25 (3.75%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 73 (10.94%) Analytical Skills
2 44 (6.60%) User Experience
3 35 (5.25%) Algorithms
4 34 (5.10%) Mobile App
5 32 (4.80%) Greenfield Project
6 30 (4.50%) Cloud Native
7 28 (4.20%) Data Structures
8 27 (4.05%) Public Cloud
9 22 (3.30%) Blog
10 21 (3.15%) Data Centre
11 20 (3.00%) Linux Command Line
11 20 (3.00%) PKI
12 19 (2.85%) Enterprise Software
12 19 (2.85%) Private Cloud
13 18 (2.70%) Hybrid Cloud
14 15 (2.25%) Derivative
14 15 (2.25%) Fixed Income
15 14 (2.10%) Hedge funds
15 14 (2.10%) Management Information System
16 11 (1.65%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 152 (22.79%) Linux
2 48 (7.20%) Unix
3 45 (6.75%) Windows
4 38 (5.70%) Android
4 38 (5.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 19 (2.85%) Apple iOS
6 18 (2.70%) CentOS
7 6 (0.90%) VMS
8 5 (0.75%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.45%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.45%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.30%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
10 2 (0.30%) Kali Linux
10 2 (0.30%) Solaris
11 1 (0.15%) SUSE
11 1 (0.15%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.15%) Windows Mobile
11 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 354 (53.07%) Agile Software Development
2 241 (36.13%) DevOps
3 138 (20.69%) Continuous Integration
4 136 (20.39%) Microservices
5 120 (17.99%) Scrum
6 116 (17.39%) Test Automation
7 86 (12.89%) TDD
8 80 (11.99%) Computer Science
9 76 (11.39%) Software Engineering
10 69 (10.34%) Configuration Management
11 66 (9.90%) Analytics
12 64 (9.60%) BDD
13 59 (8.85%) Continuous Delivery
13 59 (8.85%) Data Science
14 58 (8.70%) Problem-Solving
15 56 (8.40%) Mentoring
15 56 (8.40%) OO
16 47 (7.05%) Kanban
16 47 (7.05%) Machine Learning
17 46 (6.90%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 244 (36.58%) Python
2 240 (35.98%) Java
3 213 (31.93%) JavaScript
4 139 (20.84%) SQL
5 61 (9.15%) C#
6 45 (6.75%) Bash Shell
7 39 (5.85%) Groovy
8 35 (5.25%) C++
8 35 (5.25%) Perl
9 26 (3.90%) Scala
10 25 (3.75%) R
10 25 (3.75%) TypeScript
11 23 (3.45%) C
11 23 (3.45%) PowerShell
12 20 (3.00%) Kotlin
12 20 (3.00%) Ruby
13 19 (2.85%) ES6
14 16 (2.40%) Java 8
14 16 (2.40%) Shell Script
15 14 (2.10%) PHP
Qualifications
1 147 (22.04%) Security Cleared
2 101 (15.14%) SC Cleared
3 69 (10.34%) Degree
4 48 (7.20%) DV Cleared
5 39 (5.85%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (2.10%) BPSS Clearance
7 12 (1.80%) CISSP
7 12 (1.80%) PhD
8 11 (1.65%) ISTQB
9 10 (1.50%) CISM
10 9 (1.35%) CRISC
10 9 (1.35%) Master's Degree
11 8 (1.20%) AWS Certification
11 8 (1.20%) CESG Certified Professional
12 7 (1.05%) DBS Check
12 7 (1.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.90%) ISEB
13 6 (0.90%) SANS
14 3 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
14 3 (0.45%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (6.00%) QA
2 15 (2.25%) GDPR
3 8 (1.20%) WCAG
4 3 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.30%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.30%) NCSC
5 2 (0.30%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.30%) SLA
6 1 (0.15%) FedRAMP
6 1 (0.15%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.15%) NIST
6 1 (0.15%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 161 (24.14%) Docker
2 25 (3.75%) Active Directory
3 15 (2.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 14 (2.10%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (1.05%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.75%) Postfix
7 2 (0.30%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.30%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.15%) Firmware
8 1 (0.15%) HDFS
8 1 (0.15%) Kamailio
8 1 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 165 (24.74%) Kubernetes
2 155 (23.24%) Terraform
3 118 (17.69%) Ansible
4 65 (9.75%) Puppet
5 58 (8.70%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (4.95%) Salt
7 17 (2.55%) Grafana
8 13 (1.95%) Kibana
9 8 (1.20%) Packer
10 7 (1.05%) ZABBIX
11 6 (0.90%) Argo
11 6 (0.90%) Consul
11 6 (0.90%) SCOM
12 5 (0.75%) Istio
13 4 (0.60%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.45%) Prometheus
15 2 (0.30%) HP Fortify
15 2 (0.30%) Nagios
15 2 (0.30%) Pacemaker
15 2 (0.30%) SELinux
Vendors
1 64 (9.60%) Google
2 59 (8.85%) Microsoft
3 43 (6.45%) Red Hat
4 33 (4.95%) Oracle
5 21 (3.15%) VMware
6 17 (2.55%) IBM
7 15 (2.25%) Atlassian
8 14 (2.10%) Splunk
9 9 (1.35%) ServiceNow
10 8 (1.20%) SAP
11 7 (1.05%) Databricks
12 6 (0.90%) AppDynamics
12 6 (0.90%) Dynatrace
12 6 (0.90%) Informatica
12 6 (0.90%) New Relic
12 6 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
12 6 (0.90%) SaltStack
12 6 (0.90%) SolarWinds
12 6 (0.90%) TIBCO
13 5 (0.75%) Sybase