Period
to 26 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 26 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
26 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 122 139 98
Rank change year-on-year +17 -41 -3
Contract jobs citing Open Source 667 1,588 2,686
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.07% 1.88% 2.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.40% 2.18% 2.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 500 1,043 1,798
Median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £338 £390 £363
90th Percentile £675 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £498 £488
% change year-on-year -4.52% +2.05% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 21 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
10th Percentile £25.00 £18.75 £16.85
90th Percentile £56.25 £50.00 £48.48
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £34.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +2.94% -2.86% -17.65%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 27,791 72,986 90,098
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.39% 86.56% 87.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,563 47,913 59,516
Median daily rate £475 £475 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.40% +1.11%
10th Percentile £298 £300 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £437 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -0.11% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 988 2,275 2,426
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.93 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +46.29% +13.93% -12.04%
10th Percentile £12.29 £11.97 £11.18
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £27.00 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year +20.00% +9.76% -14.65%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 26 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 597 £525 -4.55% 301
London +9 386 £545 -3.11% 156
UK excluding London +35 210 £475 -4.52% 160
Work from Home -26 134 £570 +16.92% 61
South East +95 64 £483 +1.63% 41
South West +97 43 £513 +7.89% 22
North of England -23 39 £450 -10.00% 43
Midlands +48 29 £388 -18.42% 16
West Midlands +21 18 £381 -19.74% 11
East of England +59 17 £425 - 17
Scotland +53 17 £425 -18.27% 15
North West +19 15 £450 -18.14% 28
Yorkshire +9 14 £438 -12.50% 10
East Midlands +41 11 £399 -38.69% 5
North East -9 9 £475 +5.56% 5
Wales +34 3 £400 -27.27% 3

For the 6 months to 26 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 336 (50.37%) Agile Software Development
2 272 (40.78%) AWS
3 269 (40.33%) Java
4 255 (38.23%) Python
5 217 (32.53%) DevOps
6 199 (29.84%) JavaScript
7 198 (29.69%) Azure
8 170 (25.49%) Jenkins
9 163 (24.44%) Microservices
10 162 (24.29%) Git (software)
11 155 (23.24%) Linux
12 141 (21.14%) Node.js
13 136 (20.39%) Scrum
14 131 (19.64%) Docker
14 131 (19.64%) Terraform
15 127 (19.04%) Kubernetes
16 126 (18.89%) Finance
17 122 (18.29%) AngularJS
18 119 (17.84%) Security Cleared
19 118 (17.69%) SQL
20 117 (17.54%) GCP
21 114 (17.09%) Test Automation
22 112 (16.79%) REST
23 108 (16.19%) Web Services
24 100 (14.99%) SC Cleared
25 98 (14.69%) Software Engineering
26 96 (14.39%) HTML
27 95 (14.24%) TDD
28 94 (14.09%) Ansible
29 90 (13.49%) Continuous Integration

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (7.20%) Confluence
2 32 (4.80%) Apache
3 28 (4.20%) nginx
4 23 (3.45%) Cloud Foundry
4 23 (3.45%) WebSphere
5 21 (3.15%) Tomcat
6 16 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
7 15 (2.25%) JBoss
8 14 (2.10%) WebSphere Application Server
9 12 (1.80%) Apache Geronimo
9 12 (1.80%) Apache Spark
9 12 (1.80%) Apache TomEE
9 12 (1.80%) CMS
10 11 (1.65%) Red Hat Fuse
11 7 (1.05%) BizTalk Server
12 6 (0.90%) Apache Airflow
12 6 (0.90%) IIS
12 6 (0.90%) OpenStack
12 6 (0.90%) WebLogic
13 5 (0.75%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 12 (1.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.60%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (1.05%) Magento
2 6 (0.90%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.60%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.45%) Shopify
5 2 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle Assets
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle iRecruitment
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 272 (40.78%) AWS
2 198 (29.69%) Azure
3 117 (17.54%) GCP
4 62 (9.30%) Serverless
5 44 (6.60%) GitHub
6 41 (6.15%) PaaS
7 39 (5.85%) SaaS
8 38 (5.70%) AWS Lambda
9 31 (4.65%) npm
10 27 (4.05%) Amazon EC2
11 25 (3.75%) IaaS
12 24 (3.60%) Azure Functions
13 22 (3.30%) OpenShift
14 20 (3.00%) Amazon ECS
15 14 (2.10%) Cloud Computing
16 12 (1.80%) Amazon SQS
17 11 (1.65%) Amazon S3
17 11 (1.65%) AWS CloudFormation
18 10 (1.50%) Azure Stack
18 10 (1.50%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 45 (6.75%) HTTP
2 24 (3.60%) TCP/IP
3 22 (3.30%) SSL
4 19 (2.85%) DNS
5 15 (2.25%) DHCP
6 14 (2.10%) Internet
7 13 (1.95%) Firewall
8 8 (1.20%) Kerberos
9 6 (0.90%) Anycast
9 6 (0.90%) BGP
9 6 (0.90%) IPv4
9 6 (0.90%) IPv6
9 6 (0.90%) VRRP
9 6 (0.90%) Wireshark
10 5 (0.75%) UPnP
11 4 (0.60%) Asterisk PBX
11 4 (0.60%) Intranet
11 4 (0.60%) Network Security
11 4 (0.60%) Software-Defined Networking
11 4 (0.60%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (7.35%) NoSQL
2 47 (7.05%) PostgreSQL
3 44 (6.60%) MySQL
4 43 (6.45%) Relational Database
5 33 (4.95%) MongoDB
6 28 (4.20%) SQL Server
7 24 (3.60%) BigQuery
8 22 (3.30%) Big Data
9 17 (2.55%) Hadoop
10 16 (2.40%) Apache Cassandra
11 12 (1.80%) Data Lake
11 12 (1.80%) Data Warehouse
12 11 (1.65%) Blockchain
12 11 (1.65%) RDBMS
12 11 (1.65%) Spotfire
13 10 (1.50%) Redis
14 9 (1.35%) Power BI
15 8 (1.20%) Data Mining
15 8 (1.20%) GIS
15 8 (1.20%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 170 (25.49%) Jenkins
2 162 (24.29%) Git (software)
3 80 (11.99%) Maven
4 72 (10.79%) JIRA
5 58 (8.70%) Gradle
6 44 (6.60%) GitLab
7 41 (6.15%) Selenium
8 40 (6.00%) JUnit
9 37 (5.55%) Cucumber
10 35 (5.25%) gulp
11 32 (4.80%) CircleCI
12 31 (4.65%) Travis CI
13 27 (4.05%) Mockito
14 26 (3.90%) JMeter
15 25 (3.75%) Bitbucket
15 25 (3.75%) SonarQube
16 21 (3.15%) Jasmine
17 20 (3.00%) Artifactory
17 20 (3.00%) Cypress.io
18 18 (2.70%) WebDriver
General
1 126 (18.89%) Finance
2 76 (11.39%) Public Sector
3 70 (10.49%) Banking
4 43 (6.45%) Front Office
5 32 (4.80%) Investment Banking
6 10 (1.50%) Telecoms
7 9 (1.35%) Marketing
8 7 (1.05%) Games
8 7 (1.05%) Retail
9 6 (0.90%) Aerospace
9 6 (0.90%) Electronics
9 6 (0.90%) Law
10 5 (0.75%) Manufacturing
11 3 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.45%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.30%) Back Office
12 2 (0.30%) Legal
12 2 (0.30%) Local Government
13 1 (0.15%) General Ledger
13 1 (0.15%) Police
Job Titles
1 271 (40.63%) Developer
2 76 (11.39%) DevOps Engineer
3 69 (10.34%) Architect
4 61 (9.15%) Java Developer
5 43 (6.45%) JavaScript Developer
6 42 (6.30%) Full Stack Developer
7 37 (5.55%) Python Developer
8 33 (4.95%) Angular Developer
9 32 (4.80%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 31 (4.65%) React Developer
11 29 (4.35%) Senior Developer
12 26 (3.90%) Solutions Architect
13 25 (3.75%) Analyst
14 24 (3.60%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 23 (3.45%) Front Office Developer
16 22 (3.30%) Test Engineer
17 21 (3.15%) Tester
18 19 (2.85%) AWS Engineer
19 18 (2.70%) AWS Architect
20 17 (2.55%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 141 (21.14%) Node.js
2 122 (18.29%) AngularJS
3 112 (16.79%) REST
4 108 (16.19%) Web Services
5 96 (14.39%) HTML
6 78 (11.69%) React
6 78 (11.69%) Spring
7 72 (10.79%) CSS
8 63 (9.45%) .NET
9 55 (8.25%) Kafka
10 53 (7.95%) RESTful
11 47 (7.05%) HTML5
12 44 (6.60%) SOAP
13 37 (5.55%) Spring Boot
14 33 (4.95%) Hibernate
15 27 (4.05%) XML
16 26 (3.90%) jQuery
16 26 (3.90%) Redux
17 24 (3.60%) CSS3
17 24 (3.60%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 75 (11.24%) Analytical Skills
2 47 (7.05%) Blog
3 43 (6.45%) Derivative
4 41 (6.15%) Fixed Income
5 36 (5.40%) Hedge funds
5 36 (5.40%) User Experience
6 33 (4.95%) Equities
7 31 (4.65%) Public Cloud
8 30 (4.50%) Cloud Native
9 28 (4.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 26 (3.90%) Enterprise Software
11 24 (3.60%) Greenfield Project
12 21 (3.15%) Mobile App
12 21 (3.15%) Private Cloud
13 20 (3.00%) Data Centre
14 16 (2.40%) Hybrid Cloud
15 15 (2.25%) Clustering
15 15 (2.25%) Data Structures
15 15 (2.25%) Linux Command Line
16 13 (1.95%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 155 (23.24%) Linux
2 44 (6.60%) Windows
3 40 (6.00%) Unix
4 34 (5.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 25 (3.75%) Android
6 20 (3.00%) Apple iOS
7 7 (1.05%) CentOS
8 6 (0.90%) VMS
9 5 (0.75%) Solaris
10 4 (0.60%) Mac OS X
10 4 (0.60%) VME
11 3 (0.45%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.30%) OpenWrt
12 2 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
13 1 (0.15%) Mesosphere
13 1 (0.15%) SUSE
13 1 (0.15%) Tizen
13 1 (0.15%) webOS
13 1 (0.15%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 336 (50.37%) Agile Software Development
2 217 (32.53%) DevOps
3 163 (24.44%) Microservices
4 136 (20.39%) Scrum
5 114 (17.09%) Test Automation
6 98 (14.69%) Software Engineering
7 95 (14.24%) TDD
8 90 (13.49%) Continuous Integration
9 76 (11.39%) Analytics
10 70 (10.49%) Machine Learning
11 66 (9.90%) Problem-Solving
12 60 (9.00%) Mentoring
13 51 (7.65%) BDD
14 46 (6.90%) Asset Management
14 46 (6.90%) Front End Development
15 45 (6.75%) Web Development
16 42 (6.30%) Data Science
17 40 (6.00%) Kanban
18 39 (5.85%) Computer Science
19 38 (5.70%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 269 (40.33%) Java
2 255 (38.23%) Python
3 199 (29.84%) JavaScript
4 118 (17.69%) SQL
5 50 (7.50%) C++
6 49 (7.35%) C#
7 35 (5.25%) Java 8
8 34 (5.10%) C
9 33 (4.95%) Bash Shell
10 30 (4.50%) Groovy
10 30 (4.50%) Scala
11 27 (4.05%) Shell Script
12 25 (3.75%) PHP
13 23 (3.45%) R
14 22 (3.30%) Perl
15 18 (2.70%) ES6
15 18 (2.70%) Ruby
16 16 (2.40%) Go
16 16 (2.40%) TypeScript
17 15 (2.25%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 119 (17.84%) Security Cleared
2 100 (14.99%) SC Cleared
3 54 (8.10%) Degree
4 26 (3.90%) DV Cleared
5 20 (3.00%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (1.80%) Master's Degree
7 11 (1.65%) ISTQB
8 10 (1.50%) TOGAF Certification
9 9 (1.35%) Numerate Degree
10 8 (1.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 7 (1.05%) ISEB
12 6 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
13 4 (0.60%) PhD
14 2 (0.30%) AWS Certification
14 2 (0.30%) CEH
14 2 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
14 2 (0.30%) CISSP
14 2 (0.30%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 2 (0.30%) SANS
15 1 (0.15%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (8.40%) QA
2 15 (2.25%) NIST
3 14 (2.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (1.05%) GDPR
5 6 (0.90%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.90%) WCAG
6 4 (0.60%) MiFID
6 4 (0.60%) NCSC
6 4 (0.60%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.45%) SLA
8 2 (0.30%) ISO 26262
8 2 (0.30%) ISO 9000
8 2 (0.30%) JTAG
8 2 (0.30%) OASIS TOSCA
9 1 (0.15%) Def Stans
System Software
1 131 (19.64%) Docker
2 25 (3.75%) Virtual Machines
3 20 (3.00%) Active Directory
4 10 (1.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (0.75%) Postfix
5 5 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.45%) HDFS
6 3 (0.45%) Kamailio
6 3 (0.45%) KVM
6 3 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.45%) VMware NSX
6 3 (0.45%) Xen
7 2 (0.30%) etcd
7 2 (0.30%) LXC
7 2 (0.30%) Varnish
7 2 (0.30%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.15%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.15%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 131 (19.64%) Terraform
2 127 (19.04%) Kubernetes
3 94 (14.09%) Ansible
4 59 (8.85%) Opscode Chef
5 44 (6.60%) Puppet
6 25 (3.75%) Grafana
7 21 (3.15%) Argo
8 15 (2.25%) Kibana
8 15 (2.25%) Salt
9 14 (2.10%) HP ALM
10 12 (1.80%) HP Fortify
11 11 (1.65%) Prometheus
12 7 (1.05%) Consul
12 7 (1.05%) ZABBIX
13 6 (0.90%) SCOM
14 5 (0.75%) Packer
15 3 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
15 3 (0.45%) Rundeck
16 2 (0.30%) logstash
16 2 (0.30%) OpenVAS
Vendors
1 55 (8.25%) Google
2 54 (8.10%) Microsoft
3 34 (5.10%) Red Hat
4 33 (4.95%) Oracle
5 20 (3.00%) IBM
6 18 (2.70%) Splunk
7 16 (2.40%) HP
7 16 (2.40%) Micro Focus
8 14 (2.10%) Atlassian
9 12 (1.80%) Black Duck
9 12 (1.80%) Qualys
9 12 (1.80%) Sonatype
10 11 (1.65%) VMware
11 10 (1.50%) Databricks
11 10 (1.50%) Dynatrace
11 10 (1.50%) ServiceNow
12 9 (1.35%) ArcSight
12 9 (1.35%) Salesforce.com
12 9 (1.35%) SAP
13 8 (1.20%) Cisco