Period
to 15 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 15 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
15 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 92 94 83
Rank change year-on-year +2 -11 +43
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,732 2,630 2,934
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 2.55% 2.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.02% 2.97% 3.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,785 1,952 2,059
UK median daily rate £525 £503 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.48% +5.79% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £328
90th Percentile £700 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 13 18
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -20.45% +6.67%
10th Percentile £32.50 £13.21 £24.00
90th Percentile £51.35 £49.90 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year - -17.16% +2.42%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 90,417 88,646 87,803
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.77% 85.88% 85.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 59,910 59,173 57,843
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,314 2,065 2,482
UK median hourly rate £22.47 £24.02 £22.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.47% +5.97% +3.03%
10th Percentile £11.22 £11.25 £11.07
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.65 £48.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -16.00% +11.11% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 15 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 2,542 £525 +4.48% 684
London +6 1,455 £550 +1.38% 336
UK excluding London +5 1,227 £500 +5.26% 396
South East +33 405 £500 +5.26% 102
North of England -43 296 £525 +10.53% 93
Midlands +30 194 £488 +3.72% 34
West Midlands +8 145 £450 -5.26% 25
Scotland +31 133 £675 +68.54% 22
North West -16 124 £650 +18.18% 65
Yorkshire -54 105 £500 - 22
East of England +18 95 £525 +2.54% 56
South West -29 92 £475 -2.56% 63
North East -14 76 £488 +8.33% 6
East Midlands +12 45 £500 +11.11% 9
Wales -49 37 £575 +8.49% 15
Northern Ireland +30 1 - - 11
Channel Islands - 1 £700 -

For the 6 months to 15 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,632 (59.74%) Agile Software Development
2 1,254 (45.90%) Java
3 940 (34.41%) DevOps
4 887 (32.47%) Jenkins
5 834 (30.53%) Linux
6 817 (29.90%) Python
7 787 (28.81%) Amazon AWS
8 695 (25.44%) Test Automation
9 659 (24.12%) Continuous Integration
10 645 (23.61%) Docker
11 635 (23.24%) JavaScript
12 632 (23.13%) Git (software)
13 542 (19.84%) Scrum
14 498 (18.23%) TDD
15 494 (18.08%) Microservices
16 489 (17.90%) Puppet
17 473 (17.31%) SQL
18 446 (16.33%) Ansible
19 439 (16.07%) Spring
20 432 (15.81%) Configuration Management
21 419 (15.34%) Web Services
22 384 (14.06%) Security Cleared
23 367 (13.43%) JIRA
24 366 (13.40%) REST
25 365 (13.36%) RESTful
26 364 (13.32%) Microsoft Azure
27 352 (12.88%) NoSQL
28 351 (12.85%) Kubernetes
29 350 (12.81%) Node.js
30 342 (12.52%) Problem-Solving

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 252 (9.22%) Confluence
2 205 (7.50%) Apache
3 184 (6.73%) nginx
4 174 (6.37%) Apache Spark
5 160 (5.86%) Tomcat
6 158 (5.78%) Elasticsearch
7 77 (2.82%) Cloud Foundry
8 70 (2.56%) JBoss
9 69 (2.53%) CMS
10 59 (2.16%) WebSphere
11 55 (2.01%) OpenStack
12 54 (1.98%) Jetty
13 51 (1.87%) WebLogic
14 48 (1.76%) IIS
15 45 (1.65%) Mongrel
16 38 (1.39%) Apache Solr
17 21 (0.77%) Documentum
18 18 (0.66%) SharePoint
18 18 (0.66%) WordPress
19 17 (0.62%) Mule
Applications
1 29 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.18%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.073%) HipChat
5 2 (0.073%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.073%) Snapchat
6 1 (0.037%) InVision
6 1 (0.037%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.15%) Magento
2 4 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.11%) ION MarketView
4 2 (0.073%) CiviCRM
4 2 (0.073%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.037%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.037%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.037%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.037%) Exstream
5 1 (0.037%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
Cloud Services
1 787 (28.81%) Amazon AWS
2 364 (13.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 182 (6.66%) GitHub
4 176 (6.44%) Amazon EC2
5 150 (5.49%) PaaS
6 128 (4.69%) SaaS
7 123 (4.50%) Google Cloud Platform
8 100 (3.66%) npm
9 92 (3.37%) IaaS
10 90 (3.29%) Amazon S3
11 69 (2.53%) AWS CloudFormation
12 68 (2.49%) Cloud Computing
13 66 (2.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 57 (2.09%) Google Analytics
15 51 (1.87%) Serverless
16 50 (1.83%) Amazon EMR
16 50 (1.83%) Google App Engine
17 41 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
18 33 (1.21%) Amazon Glacier
19 31 (1.13%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 303 (11.09%) HTTP
2 221 (8.09%) TCP/IP
3 153 (5.60%) SSL
4 134 (4.90%) DNS
5 81 (2.96%) DHCP
5 81 (2.96%) Firewall
6 68 (2.49%) FTP
6 68 (2.49%) IPsec
7 62 (2.27%) VPN
8 50 (1.83%) Internet
9 25 (0.92%) HTTPS
9 25 (0.92%) ICMP
10 21 (0.77%) SSH
11 18 (0.66%) AMQP
11 18 (0.66%) LAN
12 17 (0.62%) VoIP
13 16 (0.59%) Kerberos
14 15 (0.55%) WAN
15 13 (0.48%) SAN
15 13 (0.48%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 352 (12.88%) NoSQL
2 292 (10.69%) MongoDB
3 287 (10.51%) Relational Database
4 248 (9.08%) Big Data
5 235 (8.60%) MySQL
6 210 (7.69%) PostgreSQL
7 201 (7.36%) Hadoop
8 183 (6.70%) SQL Server
9 136 (4.98%) Apache Cassandra
10 102 (3.73%) RDBMS
10 102 (3.73%) Redis
11 82 (3.00%) Apache Hive
12 53 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
13 49 (1.79%) Amazon Redshift
14 43 (1.57%) HBase
15 41 (1.50%) Amazon RDS
16 35 (1.28%) Amazon Aurora
17 32 (1.17%) Oracle Database
18 30 (1.10%) Data Lake
18 30 (1.10%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 887 (32.47%) Jenkins
2 632 (23.13%) Git (software)
3 367 (13.43%) JIRA
4 282 (10.32%) Maven
5 255 (9.33%) Selenium
6 254 (9.30%) JUnit
7 219 (8.02%) Cucumber
8 145 (5.31%) Subversion
9 139 (5.09%) gulp
10 133 (4.87%) Travis CI
11 130 (4.76%) Gradle
12 121 (4.43%) GitLab
13 116 (4.25%) SonarQube
14 103 (3.77%) Gatling
15 87 (3.18%) Sonatype Nexus
16 83 (3.04%) Karma Test Runner
17 76 (2.78%) Hudson
18 75 (2.75%) IntelliJ
19 66 (2.42%) Visual Studio Team System
20 64 (2.34%) SoapUI
General
1 311 (11.38%) Finance
2 205 (7.50%) Banking
3 82 (3.00%) Retail
4 65 (2.38%) Legal
5 55 (2.01%) Marketing
6 51 (1.87%) Front Office
7 48 (1.76%) Telecoms
8 40 (1.46%) Investment Banking
9 32 (1.17%) Manufacturing
10 31 (1.13%) Electronics
11 28 (1.02%) Publishing
12 25 (0.92%) Games
13 19 (0.70%) Advertising
14 15 (0.55%) Back Office
15 14 (0.51%) Financial Institution
16 11 (0.40%) Law
16 11 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.37%) Retail Banking
18 7 (0.26%) Automotive
19 4 (0.15%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,027 (37.59%) Developer
2 412 (15.08%) DevOps Engineer
3 385 (14.09%) Java Developer
4 299 (10.94%) Architect
5 128 (4.69%) Tester
6 125 (4.58%) Scala Developer
7 115 (4.21%) AWS Engineer
8 110 (4.03%) Analyst
9 91 (3.33%) Senior Developer
10 87 (3.18%) Python Developer
11 85 (3.11%) AWS DevOps
12 84 (3.07%) Automation Tester
13 78 (2.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 78 (2.86%) Data Engineer
14 76 (2.78%) Software Engineer
15 71 (2.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 70 (2.56%) Technical Architect
17 67 (2.45%) Cloud Engineer
17 67 (2.45%) Solutions Architect
18 65 (2.38%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 439 (16.07%) Spring
2 419 (15.34%) Web Services
3 366 (13.40%) REST
4 365 (13.36%) RESTful
5 350 (12.81%) Node.js
6 313 (11.46%) HTML
7 304 (11.13%) CSS
8 283 (10.36%) AngularJS
9 246 (9.00%) JSON
10 209 (7.65%) HTML5
11 200 (7.32%) .NET
12 194 (7.10%) SOAP
13 180 (6.59%) Spring Boot
14 176 (6.44%) Kafka
15 174 (6.37%) React
16 169 (6.19%) J2EE
17 157 (5.75%) XML
18 146 (5.34%) Play Framework
19 135 (4.94%) Hibernate
20 129 (4.72%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 193 (7.06%) Analytical Skills
2 139 (5.09%) Greenfield Project
3 109 (3.99%) User Experience
4 81 (2.96%) Mobile App
5 76 (2.78%) Data Centre
5 76 (2.78%) Management Information System
6 75 (2.75%) Public Cloud
7 72 (2.64%) Algorithms
8 51 (1.87%) Fintech
9 50 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
10 46 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
11 45 (1.65%) Data Structures
12 43 (1.57%) Fixed Income
13 35 (1.28%) Cloud Native
14 34 (1.24%) Blog
15 30 (1.10%) NHS
16 29 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
17 22 (0.81%) Private Cloud
18 20 (0.73%) Wiki
19 19 (0.70%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 834 (30.53%) Linux
2 256 (9.37%) Unix
3 245 (8.97%) Windows
4 118 (4.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 93 (3.40%) Ubuntu
6 85 (3.11%) CentOS
7 69 (2.53%) Android
8 45 (1.65%) Windows Server
9 44 (1.61%) Apple iOS
10 22 (0.81%) Mac OS X
11 21 (0.77%) VMS
12 14 (0.51%) Kali Linux
12 14 (0.51%) Windows 8
13 13 (0.48%) Oracle Linux
13 13 (0.48%) Windows 7
14 12 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
15 9 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
16 8 (0.29%) CoreOS
16 8 (0.29%) Mac OS
16 8 (0.29%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,632 (59.74%) Agile Software Development
2 940 (34.41%) DevOps
3 695 (25.44%) Test Automation
4 659 (24.12%) Continuous Integration
5 542 (19.84%) Scrum
6 498 (18.23%) TDD
7 494 (18.08%) Microservices
8 432 (15.81%) Configuration Management
9 342 (12.52%) Problem-Solving
10 341 (12.48%) BDD
11 286 (10.47%) Continuous Delivery
12 268 (9.81%) Analytics
13 256 (9.37%) Kanban
14 253 (9.26%) Software Engineering
15 241 (8.82%) OO
16 188 (6.88%) Mentoring
17 170 (6.22%) MVC
18 158 (5.78%) Continuous Improvement
19 142 (5.20%) Migration
20 136 (4.98%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,254 (45.90%) Java
2 817 (29.90%) Python
3 635 (23.24%) JavaScript
4 473 (17.31%) SQL
5 308 (11.27%) Scala
6 294 (10.76%) Ruby
7 244 (8.93%) C#
8 195 (7.14%) Groovy
9 166 (6.08%) Bash Shell
10 162 (5.93%) Perl
11 151 (5.53%) Java 8
12 143 (5.23%) Shell Script
13 92 (3.37%) PHP
14 78 (2.86%) ES6
15 75 (2.75%) C++
16 62 (2.27%) C
16 62 (2.27%) R
17 56 (2.05%) Go
17 56 (2.05%) Haskell
18 47 (1.72%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 384 (14.06%) Security Cleared
2 302 (11.05%) SC Cleared
3 174 (6.37%) Degree
4 111 (4.06%) BPSS Clearance
5 65 (2.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 47 (1.72%) ISTQB
7 40 (1.46%) ISEB
8 23 (0.84%) Master's Degree
9 20 (0.73%) DV Cleared
9 20 (0.73%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 18 (0.66%) CISSP
11 14 (0.51%) OSCE
12 13 (0.48%) AWS Certification
12 13 (0.48%) TOGAF Certification
13 9 (0.33%) CTC Cleared
13 9 (0.33%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 8 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
14 8 (0.29%) SANS
14 8 (0.29%) SSCP
15 7 (0.26%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 202 (7.39%) QA
2 25 (0.92%) GDPR
3 22 (0.81%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 19 (0.70%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.29%) FedRAMP
5 8 (0.29%) PMO
6 6 (0.22%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.18%) ISO 9001
8 4 (0.15%) Government Security Classifications
8 4 (0.15%) PSD2
8 4 (0.15%) WCAG
9 2 (0.073%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 2 (0.073%) OASIS TOSCA
10 1 (0.037%) BS25999
10 1 (0.037%) FISMA
10 1 (0.037%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.037%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.037%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.037%) JTAG
System Software
1 645 (23.61%) Docker
2 145 (5.31%) VMware Infrastructure
3 98 (3.59%) Virtual Machines
4 50 (1.83%) Xen
5 47 (1.72%) Active Directory
6 45 (1.65%) vSphere
7 36 (1.32%) HDFS
8 21 (0.77%) Apache Flume
9 14 (0.51%) Hyper-V
10 13 (0.48%) KVM
11 12 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 12 (0.44%) Virtual Servers
12 10 (0.37%) Oracle RAC
12 10 (0.37%) Virtual Desktop
12 10 (0.37%) VirtualBox
13 9 (0.33%) etcd
14 8 (0.29%) flannel
15 4 (0.15%) SkyDNS
15 4 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
16 3 (0.11%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 489 (17.90%) Puppet
2 446 (16.33%) Ansible
3 351 (12.85%) Kubernetes
4 325 (11.90%) Opscode Chef
5 261 (9.55%) Terraform
6 104 (3.81%) Kibana
7 90 (3.29%) Grafana
8 58 (2.12%) ZABBIX
9 41 (1.50%) Prometheus
10 37 (1.35%) logstash
11 29 (1.06%) Packer
12 27 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
13 22 (0.81%) Consul
14 20 (0.73%) Nessus
14 20 (0.73%) Oozie
15 19 (0.70%) Nagios
16 18 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
17 17 (0.62%) Nmap
17 17 (0.62%) Salt
18 16 (0.59%) Graphite
Vendors
1 264 (9.66%) Microsoft
2 263 (9.63%) Google
3 189 (6.92%) Oracle
4 162 (5.93%) VMware
5 134 (4.90%) Red Hat
6 100 (3.66%) Splunk
7 54 (1.98%) SAP
8 41 (1.50%) Black Duck
9 40 (1.46%) Adobe
10 39 (1.43%) Atlassian
11 36 (1.32%) webMethods
12 35 (1.28%) IBM
13 31 (1.13%) Cloudera
14 26 (0.95%) Tableau
15 24 (0.88%) MuleSoft
16 23 (0.84%) Databricks
16 23 (0.84%) SaltStack
17 22 (0.81%) Cisco
17 22 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
18 21 (0.77%) Apple