Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 112 96 94
Rank change year-on-year -16 -2 -12
Contract jobs citing Open Source 1,243 2,501 2,601
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.05% 2.58% 2.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.41% 2.96% 2.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 864 1,673 1,916
Median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £375 £375 £363
90th Percentile £738 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 22 20
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
10th Percentile £29.40 £27.83 £30.90
90th Percentile £57.05 £53.75 £50.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 51,494 84,561 87,538
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.01% 87.35% 86.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,703 56,035 57,914
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.53%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £288
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £430 £415
% change year-on-year +2.33% +3.61% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,854 2,130 2,204
Median hourly rate £25.68 £25.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.72% +11.11% -10.00%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.85 £11.31
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.25 £50.25
Median hourly rate £22.50 £23.50 £21.90
% change year-on-year -4.26% +7.33% -12.42%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Open Source.

Hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 1,180 £550 +4.76% 337
London -9 665 £590 +7.27% 164
UK excluding London -38 549 £513 +2.50% 197
North of England -4 203 £550 +7.42% 42
South East -21 107 £450 -5.26% 47
Yorkshire +12 101 £580 +13.17% 14
South West +16 93 £550 +10.00% 29
North West -20 63 £550 +4.76% 22
Midlands -33 56 £494 -1.25% 31
East of England +3 52 £450 -5.26% 23
West Midlands -8 49 £500 - 20
North East +6 41 £550 +10.00% 6
Work from Home -10 36 £575 +9.52% 18
Scotland -45 33 £450 -13.46% 16
East Midlands +14 7 £350 -30.00% 11
Wales -16 7 £475 -17.39% 7
Northern Ireland +17 1 £400 - 2

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 699 (56.23%) Agile Software Development
2 525 (42.24%) Java
3 505 (40.63%) AWS
4 428 (34.43%) DevOps
5 358 (28.80%) JavaScript
6 347 (27.92%) Python
7 325 (26.15%) Git (software)
8 317 (25.50%) Continuous Integration
9 304 (24.46%) Jenkins
10 290 (23.33%) Azure
11 285 (22.93%) Docker
12 284 (22.85%) Linux
13 272 (21.88%) Security Cleared
14 269 (21.64%) Web Services
15 266 (21.40%) Microservices
16 264 (21.24%) Test Automation
17 240 (19.31%) Kubernetes
18 220 (17.70%) Scrum
19 219 (17.62%) Terraform
20 214 (17.22%) Node.js
21 206 (16.57%) TDD
22 203 (16.33%) AngularJS
23 198 (15.93%) GCP
24 195 (15.69%) Ansible
25 191 (15.37%) SC Cleared
26 188 (15.12%) RESTful
27 184 (14.80%) SQL
28 183 (14.72%) Spring
29 175 (14.08%) CSS
30 172 (13.84%) Public Sector

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (6.19%) Confluence
2 60 (4.83%) Tomcat
3 55 (4.42%) Apache
4 54 (4.34%) nginx
5 49 (3.94%) Elasticsearch
6 45 (3.62%) WebSphere
7 42 (3.38%) Apache Spark
7 42 (3.38%) IIS
8 31 (2.49%) Jetty
9 28 (2.25%) Mongrel
10 27 (2.17%) SharePoint
11 26 (2.09%) WebLogic
12 21 (1.69%) JBoss
13 15 (1.21%) CMS
13 15 (1.21%) Drupal
14 13 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
15 12 (0.97%) OpenStack
15 12 (0.97%) Red Hat Fuse
16 9 (0.72%) ArcGIS
16 9 (0.72%) GeoServer
Applications
1 32 (2.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (2.25%) MS Visio
3 26 (2.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.32%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.080%) Adobe Captivate
6 1 (0.080%) MicroStation
6 1 (0.080%) PlantUML
6 1 (0.080%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.080%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 32 (2.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.56%) Magento
3 3 (0.24%) FINCAD Analytics
3 3 (0.24%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.16%) Hyperion Planning
4 2 (0.16%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.16%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.16%) SAP IS-U
5 1 (0.080%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.080%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.080%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.080%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.080%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 505 (40.63%) AWS
2 290 (23.33%) Azure
3 198 (15.93%) GCP
4 144 (11.58%) GitHub
5 108 (8.69%) Amazon EC2
6 75 (6.03%) Serverless
7 60 (4.83%) Amazon SQS
8 56 (4.51%) SaaS
9 47 (3.78%) OpenShift
9 47 (3.78%) PaaS
10 45 (3.62%) Amazon ECS
11 39 (3.14%) AWS Lambda
12 34 (2.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 34 (2.74%) Amazon S3
13 32 (2.57%) Google App Engine
14 30 (2.41%) Dynamics 365
14 30 (2.41%) Power Platform
15 29 (2.33%) AWS CloudFormation
16 27 (2.17%) Azure Functions
17 26 (2.09%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 132 (10.62%) HTTP
2 98 (7.88%) TCP/IP
3 67 (5.39%) SSL
4 54 (4.34%) Firewall
5 51 (4.10%) DNS
6 38 (3.06%) DHCP
7 37 (2.98%) FTP
8 34 (2.74%) IPsec
9 27 (2.17%) Internet
10 23 (1.85%) Kerberos
11 18 (1.45%) VPN
12 15 (1.21%) Wireshark
13 14 (1.13%) Wireless
14 13 (1.05%) IPv6
15 11 (0.88%) HTTPS
16 10 (0.80%) Ethernet
16 10 (0.80%) WLAN
17 9 (0.72%) BGP
17 9 (0.72%) IPv4
18 8 (0.64%) DOCSIS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (7.48%) SQL Server
2 87 (7.00%) Big Data
2 87 (7.00%) NoSQL
2 87 (7.00%) PostgreSQL
3 79 (6.36%) MySQL
4 60 (4.83%) Amazon RDS
5 49 (3.94%) Hadoop
6 47 (3.78%) MongoDB
7 44 (3.54%) Relational Database
8 36 (2.90%) Data Warehouse
9 30 (2.41%) Power BI
10 27 (2.17%) Amazon Redshift
11 20 (1.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 19 (1.53%) Apache Cassandra
12 19 (1.53%) Flink
13 17 (1.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 15 (1.21%) Apache Hive
15 13 (1.05%) Data Lake
15 13 (1.05%) GIS
15 13 (1.05%) Redis
Development Applications
1 325 (26.15%) Git (software)
2 304 (24.46%) Jenkins
3 153 (12.31%) JUnit
4 131 (10.54%) Maven
5 105 (8.45%) JIRA
6 97 (7.80%) Mockito
7 92 (7.40%) Selenium
8 77 (6.19%) SonarQube
9 65 (5.23%) Cucumber
10 64 (5.15%) Gradle
11 63 (5.07%) Travis CI
12 56 (4.51%) CircleCI
13 50 (4.02%) jMock
14 47 (3.78%) GitLab
15 46 (3.70%) DbUnit
16 42 (3.38%) Bitbucket
17 39 (3.14%) Visual Studio
18 37 (2.98%) Artifactory
18 37 (2.98%) Gatling
19 31 (2.49%) Jasmine
General
1 172 (13.84%) Public Sector
2 156 (12.55%) Finance
3 62 (4.99%) Front Office
4 47 (3.78%) Banking
5 30 (2.41%) Legal
6 24 (1.93%) Telecoms
7 23 (1.85%) Marketing
8 22 (1.77%) Investment Banking
9 20 (1.61%) Games
10 17 (1.37%) Electronics
11 14 (1.13%) Manufacturing
12 13 (1.05%) Retail
13 12 (0.97%) Publishing
14 8 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.48%) Local Government
15 6 (0.48%) Retail Banking
16 4 (0.32%) Advertising
16 4 (0.32%) Aerospace
17 3 (0.24%) Back Office
17 3 (0.24%) Law
Job Titles
1 498 (40.06%) Developer
2 168 (13.52%) Architect
3 165 (13.27%) Java Developer
4 143 (11.50%) DevOps Engineer
5 66 (5.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 65 (5.23%) AWS Engineer
7 60 (4.83%) Senior Developer
8 57 (4.59%) Technical Architect
9 44 (3.54%) React Developer
10 42 (3.38%) Full Stack Developer
11 41 (3.30%) JavaScript Developer
12 40 (3.22%) AWS DevOps
13 37 (2.98%) Software Developer
13 37 (2.98%) Software Engineer
14 36 (2.90%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 36 (2.90%) Cloud Engineer
14 36 (2.90%) Solutions Architect
15 35 (2.82%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 35 (2.82%) Tester
16 34 (2.74%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 269 (21.64%) Web Services
2 214 (17.22%) Node.js
3 203 (16.33%) AngularJS
4 188 (15.12%) RESTful
5 183 (14.72%) Spring
6 175 (14.08%) CSS
7 164 (13.19%) REST
8 162 (13.03%) HTML
9 141 (11.34%) React
10 98 (7.88%) SOAP
11 94 (7.56%) .NET
12 83 (6.68%) XML
13 77 (6.19%) Kafka
14 74 (5.95%) JSON
15 70 (5.63%) Spring Boot
16 69 (5.55%) HTML5
17 64 (5.15%) J2EE
18 48 (3.86%) Redux
19 46 (3.70%) PowerMock
19 46 (3.70%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 106 (8.53%) Greenfield Project
2 73 (5.87%) Analytical Skills
3 69 (5.55%) Blog
4 63 (5.07%) Mobile App
5 59 (4.75%) User Experience
6 54 (4.34%) Fixed Income
7 53 (4.26%) Public Cloud
8 50 (4.02%) Derivative
9 48 (3.86%) Equities
10 44 (3.54%) Algorithms
11 43 (3.46%) Data Centre
11 43 (3.46%) Hedge funds
12 41 (3.30%) Data Structures
13 36 (2.90%) Management Information System
14 34 (2.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 31 (2.49%) Enterprise Software
16 27 (2.17%) PKI
17 21 (1.69%) Cloud Native
18 18 (1.45%) Mobile Payment
19 16 (1.29%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 284 (22.85%) Linux
2 73 (5.87%) Unix
3 68 (5.47%) Windows
4 52 (4.18%) Android
5 43 (3.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 38 (3.06%) Ubuntu
7 31 (2.49%) CentOS
8 30 (2.41%) Apple iOS
9 15 (1.21%) Mac OS X
9 15 (1.21%) Windows Server
10 10 (0.80%) Debian
11 9 (0.72%) Mac OS
12 7 (0.56%) Kali Linux
13 5 (0.40%) Windows 10
14 4 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
15 3 (0.24%) CoreOS
15 3 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
16 2 (0.16%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
16 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 699 (56.23%) Agile Software Development
2 428 (34.43%) DevOps
3 317 (25.50%) Continuous Integration
4 266 (21.40%) Microservices
5 264 (21.24%) Test Automation
6 220 (17.70%) Scrum
7 206 (16.57%) TDD
8 153 (12.31%) Configuration Management
9 133 (10.70%) Software Engineering
10 118 (9.49%) BDD
11 116 (9.33%) Computer Science
12 114 (9.17%) Continuous Delivery
13 108 (8.69%) Mentoring
14 91 (7.32%) Migration
15 90 (7.24%) OO
16 86 (6.92%) Kanban
17 83 (6.68%) Analytics
18 77 (6.19%) Front End Development
19 74 (5.95%) Pair Programming
20 66 (5.31%) Security Testing
Programming Languages
1 525 (42.24%) Java
2 358 (28.80%) JavaScript
3 347 (27.92%) Python
4 184 (14.80%) SQL
5 123 (9.90%) C#
6 110 (8.85%) Ruby
7 79 (6.36%) Bash Shell
8 77 (6.19%) Java 8
9 73 (5.87%) C++
10 60 (4.83%) Scala
11 53 (4.26%) Groovy
11 53 (4.26%) Kotlin
12 51 (4.10%) ES6
13 44 (3.54%) TypeScript
14 41 (3.30%) PowerShell
15 39 (3.14%) C
16 38 (3.06%) PHP
17 34 (2.74%) Go
18 27 (2.17%) Perl
19 25 (2.01%) R
Qualifications
1 272 (21.88%) Security Cleared
2 191 (15.37%) SC Cleared
3 103 (8.29%) Degree
4 64 (5.15%) Computer Science Degree
5 52 (4.18%) BPSS Clearance
6 33 (2.65%) DV Cleared
7 21 (1.69%) CISSP
7 21 (1.69%) PhD
8 17 (1.37%) ISTQB
9 16 (1.29%) DBS Check
10 13 (1.05%) Cisco Certification
10 13 (1.05%) Master's Degree
11 12 (0.97%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 11 (0.88%) AWS Certification
12 11 (0.88%) ISEB
13 10 (0.80%) SANS
14 9 (0.72%) CCNP
14 9 (0.72%) CISM
15 8 (0.64%) CRISC
16 7 (0.56%) CESG Certified Professional
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (4.99%) QA
2 21 (1.69%) WCAG
3 20 (1.61%) NCSC
4 18 (1.45%) GDPR
5 8 (0.64%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.32%) SLA
7 3 (0.24%) Government Security Classifications
7 3 (0.24%) NIST
7 3 (0.24%) PMO
8 2 (0.16%) HL7
8 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.16%) RMADS
9 1 (0.080%) COBIT
9 1 (0.080%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.080%) DICOM
9 1 (0.080%) FedRAMP
9 1 (0.080%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.080%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 285 (22.93%) Docker
2 51 (4.10%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (3.06%) Postfix
4 37 (2.98%) Active Directory
5 28 (2.25%) Xen
6 22 (1.77%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (0.88%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 7 (0.56%) vSphere
9 6 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
10 5 (0.40%) KVM
10 5 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.32%) iptables
12 2 (0.16%) Firmware
12 2 (0.16%) HDFS
12 2 (0.16%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.16%) NFS
13 1 (0.080%) Apache Flume
13 1 (0.080%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 1 (0.080%) Oracle RAC
13 1 (0.080%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 240 (19.31%) Kubernetes
2 219 (17.62%) Terraform
3 195 (15.69%) Ansible
4 131 (10.54%) Puppet
5 90 (7.24%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (2.90%) Grafana
7 30 (2.41%) Kibana
7 30 (2.41%) Salt
8 19 (1.53%) Nagios
9 17 (1.37%) Packer
10 12 (0.97%) Prometheus
11 9 (0.72%) Consul
12 8 (0.64%) logstash
13 7 (0.56%) HP ALM
13 7 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
13 7 (0.56%) Nmap
14 6 (0.48%) Nessus
14 6 (0.48%) ZABBIX
15 5 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
15 5 (0.40%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 119 (9.57%) Microsoft
2 113 (9.09%) Google
3 58 (4.67%) Oracle
4 56 (4.51%) VMware
5 39 (3.14%) Red Hat
6 26 (2.09%) Splunk
7 25 (2.01%) Sparx
8 21 (1.69%) Cisco
9 19 (1.53%) SAP
10 18 (1.45%) Atlassian
10 18 (1.45%) New Relic
11 13 (1.05%) HP
12 12 (0.97%) Cloudera
12 12 (0.97%) IBM
13 8 (0.64%) Hortonworks
14 7 (0.56%) Databricks
14 7 (0.56%) hybris
14 7 (0.56%) Salesforce.com
14 7 (0.56%) Zend
15 5 (0.40%) ESRI