Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 89 78 118
Rank change year-on-year -11 +40 +10
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,577 2,805 2,126
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.57% 2.90% 1.98%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.04% 3.46% 2.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,933 2,009 1,571
UK median daily rate £503 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.79% +2.70% +10.12%
10th Percentile £363 £328 £318
90th Percentile £650 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £414
% change year-on-year +5.56% +8.76% +3.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 26 8
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £45.00 £47.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.33% -4.26% -33.80%
10th Percentile £13.26 £29.75 £32.64
90th Percentile £49.85 £51.88 £72.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.70 £37.50 £47.00
% change year-on-year -18.13% -20.21% +10.59%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,708 80,985 88,418
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.49% 83.85% 82.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,780 53,648 57,331
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,963 2,249 2,692
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £24.43 £23.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +4.29% +17.13%
10th Percentile £11.45 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.29 £24.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +1.21% -4.00% +25.00%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 2,372 £503 +5.79% 861
London -5 1,416 £550 +10.00% 476
UK excluding London -29 1,125 £475 +5.56% 422
North of England -11 373 £463 +3.93% 104
South East -18 297 £475 +5.56% 138
Yorkshire +6 150 £495 +4.21% 32
North West -16 138 £550 +29.41% 61
Midlands -25 119 £460 -3.16% 49
North East -3 101 £438 +9.38% 11
South West 0 99 £500 +15.74% 46
Scotland -11 98 £400 +0.06% 32
West Midlands -7 90 £465 -2.11% 28
Wales +1 77 £550 +10.00% 4
East of England -44 70 £513 +22.02% 47
East Midlands -13 30 £450 +2.86% 21
Northern Ireland -22 2 - - 2

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,562 (60.61%) Agile Software Development
2 1,233 (47.85%) Java
3 836 (32.44%) DevOps
4 742 (28.79%) Linux
5 694 (26.93%) Python
6 671 (26.04%) Amazon AWS
7 649 (25.18%) TDD
8 622 (24.14%) Jenkins
9 582 (22.58%) Continuous Integration
10 576 (22.35%) JavaScript
11 567 (22.00%) Scrum
12 556 (21.58%) Git (software)
13 481 (18.67%) Test Automation
14 451 (17.50%) Microservices
15 449 (17.42%) Docker
16 430 (16.69%) Web Services
17 422 (16.38%) Finance
18 399 (15.48%) Puppet
19 397 (15.41%) HTML
20 390 (15.13%) BDD
21 386 (14.98%) SQL
22 366 (14.20%) Ansible
23 361 (14.01%) REST
24 359 (13.93%) MongoDB
25 357 (13.85%) Node.js
26 353 (13.70%) Scala
27 347 (13.47%) CSS
28 336 (13.04%) Ruby
29 331 (12.84%) Configuration Management
30 328 (12.73%) Spring

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 244 (9.47%) Confluence
2 174 (6.75%) Apache Spark
3 162 (6.29%) Apache
4 128 (4.97%) Tomcat
5 115 (4.46%) Elasticsearch
6 99 (3.84%) nginx
7 94 (3.65%) JBoss
8 65 (2.52%) OpenStack
9 56 (2.17%) Cloud Foundry
10 49 (1.90%) WebLogic
11 47 (1.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 33 (1.28%) WebSphere
13 29 (1.13%) Apache Pig
14 28 (1.09%) IIS
15 27 (1.05%) Apache Solr
16 25 (0.97%) Jetty
17 19 (0.74%) CMS
18 18 (0.70%) SAS
19 17 (0.66%) Drupal
19 17 (0.66%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 13 (0.50%) Chatbot
2 12 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.35%) SPSS
5 6 (0.23%) HipChat
5 6 (0.23%) InVision
6 5 (0.19%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
7 4 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.039%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.039%) ProjectWise
8 1 (0.039%) Stata
Business Applications
1 19 (0.74%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 17 (0.66%) Magento
3 9 (0.35%) ION MarketView
4 6 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
6 3 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.12%) Summit
7 2 (0.078%) MetaTrader
7 2 (0.078%) SAP HCM
7 2 (0.078%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
8 1 (0.039%) Global One
8 1 (0.039%) Odoo
8 1 (0.039%) OpenText Process Suite
Cloud Services
1 671 (26.04%) Amazon AWS
2 197 (7.64%) Microsoft Azure
3 184 (7.14%) PaaS
4 115 (4.46%) GitHub
5 80 (3.10%) IaaS
6 78 (3.03%) Amazon EC2
7 77 (2.99%) Serverless
8 75 (2.91%) SaaS
9 63 (2.44%) npm
10 59 (2.29%) AWS CloudFormation
11 56 (2.17%) Slack
12 48 (1.86%) Google Cloud Platform
13 47 (1.82%) Cloud Computing
14 40 (1.55%) Amazon S3
15 35 (1.36%) Bluemix
15 35 (1.36%) IBM Cloud
16 34 (1.32%) AWS Lambda
17 30 (1.16%) Google Analytics
18 26 (1.01%) Office 365
18 26 (1.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 156 (6.05%) HTTP
2 127 (4.93%) TCP/IP
3 118 (4.58%) Firewall
4 110 (4.27%) DNS
5 95 (3.69%) SSL
6 81 (3.14%) Internet
7 63 (2.44%) DHCP
8 49 (1.90%) SAN
9 39 (1.51%) WAN
10 37 (1.44%) LAN
11 32 (1.24%) FTP
12 30 (1.16%) Network Security
13 29 (1.13%) VPN
14 25 (0.97%) SMS
15 22 (0.85%) IPsec
16 20 (0.78%) Intranet
17 19 (0.74%) VoIP
18 18 (0.70%) LDAP
19 16 (0.62%) Intrusion Detection
20 15 (0.58%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 359 (13.93%) MongoDB
2 308 (11.95%) NoSQL
3 299 (11.60%) PostgreSQL
4 277 (10.75%) MySQL
5 242 (9.39%) Big Data
6 223 (8.65%) Relational Database
7 221 (8.58%) Hadoop
8 116 (4.50%) Apache Cassandra
9 104 (4.04%) Apache Hive
10 101 (3.92%) SQL Server
11 79 (3.07%) RDBMS
12 69 (2.68%) Oracle Database
13 67 (2.60%) Redis
14 62 (2.41%) Data Warehouse
15 41 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 41 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
16 37 (1.44%) Sqoop
17 36 (1.40%) HBase
18 33 (1.28%) Data Mining
19 30 (1.16%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 622 (24.14%) Jenkins
2 556 (21.58%) Git (software)
3 321 (12.46%) JIRA
4 236 (9.16%) Cucumber
5 196 (7.61%) Selenium
6 162 (6.29%) JUnit
7 156 (6.05%) Maven
8 141 (5.47%) Subversion
9 98 (3.80%) TeamCity
10 85 (3.30%) WebDriver
11 76 (2.95%) gulp
12 68 (2.64%) IntelliJ
12 68 (2.64%) Jasmine
13 66 (2.56%) Artifactory
14 62 (2.41%) webpack
15 60 (2.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 56 (2.17%) Mockito
17 52 (2.02%) Gradle
18 51 (1.98%) Sonatype Nexus
19 49 (1.90%) SoapUI
General
1 422 (16.38%) Finance
2 241 (9.35%) Banking
3 84 (3.26%) Marketing
4 83 (3.22%) Retail
4 83 (3.22%) Telecoms
5 72 (2.79%) Investment Banking
6 49 (1.90%) Games
7 45 (1.75%) Electronics
8 44 (1.71%) Manufacturing
9 33 (1.28%) Front Office
10 24 (0.93%) Retail Banking
11 22 (0.85%) Back Office
11 22 (0.85%) Legal
12 20 (0.78%) Publishing
13 10 (0.39%) Advertising
13 10 (0.39%) Billing
14 8 (0.31%) Local Government
15 7 (0.27%) Financial Institution
16 6 (0.23%) Law
17 5 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 915 (35.51%) Developer
2 392 (15.21%) Java Developer
3 361 (14.01%) Architect
4 317 (12.30%) DevOps Engineer
5 175 (6.79%) Analyst
6 144 (5.59%) Scala Developer
7 128 (4.97%) Technical Architect
8 104 (4.04%) AWS Engineer
9 92 (3.57%) JavaScript Developer
9 92 (3.57%) Senior Developer
10 89 (3.45%) AWS DevOps
11 87 (3.38%) Software Engineer
12 79 (3.07%) Business Analyst
13 78 (3.03%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 78 (3.03%) Consultant
14 76 (2.95%) Agile Developer
14 76 (2.95%) Linux Engineer
15 73 (2.83%) Solutions Architect
16 67 (2.60%) Tester
17 65 (2.52%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 430 (16.69%) Web Services
2 397 (15.41%) HTML
3 361 (14.01%) REST
4 357 (13.85%) Node.js
5 347 (13.47%) CSS
6 328 (12.73%) Spring
7 315 (12.22%) RESTful
8 251 (9.74%) AngularJS
9 224 (8.69%) JSON
10 223 (8.65%) HTML5
11 191 (7.41%) React
12 166 (6.44%) Kafka
13 158 (6.13%) .NET
14 152 (5.90%) XML
15 140 (5.43%) Hibernate
16 139 (5.39%) CSS3
17 138 (5.36%) Play Framework
18 120 (4.66%) SOAP
19 99 (3.84%) J2EE
20 88 (3.41%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 180 (6.98%) Analytical Skills
2 156 (6.05%) User Experience
3 108 (4.19%) Computer Science
4 90 (3.49%) Management Information System
5 88 (3.41%) Greenfield Project
6 87 (3.38%) Mobile App
7 73 (2.83%) Enterprise Software
8 60 (2.33%) Fintech
9 57 (2.21%) Data Centre
9 57 (2.21%) Public Cloud
10 51 (1.98%) Virtual Team
11 40 (1.55%) Algorithms
11 40 (1.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 36 (1.40%) Fixed Income
13 32 (1.24%) Data Structures
14 26 (1.01%) Clustering
15 22 (0.85%) N-Tier
15 22 (0.85%) Online Banking
15 22 (0.85%) Replication
16 20 (0.78%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 742 (28.79%) Linux
2 231 (8.96%) Unix
3 210 (8.15%) Windows
4 202 (7.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 95 (3.69%) Windows Server
6 60 (2.33%) CentOS
7 57 (2.21%) Android
8 47 (1.82%) Apple iOS
9 46 (1.79%) Ubuntu
10 44 (1.71%) Windows Server 2012
11 34 (1.32%) Mac OS X
12 33 (1.28%) Solaris
12 33 (1.28%) Windows Server 2003
13 22 (0.85%) AIX
14 15 (0.58%) VMS
15 14 (0.54%) CoreOS
16 12 (0.47%) HPUX
17 11 (0.43%) MVS
17 11 (0.43%) Windows 2000 Server
18 10 (0.39%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,562 (60.61%) Agile Software Development
2 836 (32.44%) DevOps
3 649 (25.18%) TDD
4 582 (22.58%) Continuous Integration
5 567 (22.00%) Scrum
6 481 (18.67%) Test Automation
7 451 (17.50%) Microservices
8 390 (15.13%) BDD
9 331 (12.84%) Configuration Management
10 292 (11.33%) Continuous Delivery
11 277 (10.75%) Software Engineering
12 239 (9.27%) Mentoring
13 217 (8.42%) Kanban
14 205 (7.95%) User Stories
15 170 (6.60%) Analytics
16 152 (5.90%) High Availability
17 150 (5.82%) SDLC
18 143 (5.55%) OO
19 134 (5.20%) Coaching
20 133 (5.16%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1,233 (47.85%) Java
2 694 (26.93%) Python
3 576 (22.35%) JavaScript
4 386 (14.98%) SQL
5 353 (13.70%) Scala
6 336 (13.04%) Ruby
7 199 (7.72%) C#
8 148 (5.74%) Bash Shell
9 122 (4.73%) Shell Script
10 119 (4.62%) Perl
11 118 (4.58%) PowerShell
12 103 (4.00%) PHP
13 102 (3.96%) Groovy
14 66 (2.56%) C
15 62 (2.41%) C++
16 59 (2.29%) ES6
17 55 (2.13%) Go
18 50 (1.94%) R
19 38 (1.47%) PL/SQL
20 33 (1.28%) ES7
Qualifications
1 316 (12.26%) Security Cleared
2 228 (8.85%) SC Cleared
3 189 (7.33%) Degree
4 69 (2.68%) BPSS Clearance
5 60 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 31 (1.20%) CISSP
7 25 (0.97%) DV Cleared
8 22 (0.85%) Cisco Certification
9 17 (0.66%) ISEB
10 15 (0.58%) CCNP
10 15 (0.58%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.50%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 12 (0.47%) AWS Certification
12 12 (0.47%) CISM
12 12 (0.47%) ISTQB
12 12 (0.47%) RHCE
13 10 (0.39%) CCIE
13 10 (0.39%) GIAC
14 9 (0.35%) CCDP
14 9 (0.35%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 209 (8.11%) QA
2 36 (1.40%) Disclosure Scotland
3 27 (1.05%) GDPR
4 18 (0.70%) Data Quality
5 11 (0.43%) PSD2
6 10 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.39%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.35%) CESG Infosec
7 9 (0.35%) HL7
7 9 (0.35%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 9 (0.35%) SLA
8 8 (0.31%) GCP
9 3 (0.12%) PMO
9 3 (0.12%) WCAG
10 1 (0.039%) COBIT
10 1 (0.039%) Government Security Classifications
System Software
1 449 (17.42%) Docker
2 66 (2.56%) VMware Infrastructure
3 60 (2.33%) HDFS
4 58 (2.25%) Apache Flume
5 53 (2.06%) Active Directory
6 43 (1.67%) Hyper-V
7 37 (1.44%) Virtual Machines
8 31 (1.20%) VMware ESXi
9 21 (0.81%) Samba
10 20 (0.78%) vSphere
11 14 (0.54%) Xen
12 12 (0.47%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 11 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 11 (0.43%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 10 (0.39%) iptables
14 10 (0.39%) NFS
14 10 (0.39%) RACF
15 7 (0.27%) Firmware
15 7 (0.27%) KVM
15 7 (0.27%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 399 (15.48%) Puppet
2 366 (14.20%) Ansible
3 253 (9.82%) Opscode Chef
4 154 (5.98%) Kubernetes
5 124 (4.81%) Terraform
6 67 (2.60%) Kibana
7 57 (2.21%) Ambari
8 55 (2.13%) Grafana
9 53 (2.06%) Oozie
10 50 (1.94%) logstash
11 43 (1.67%) Hadoop YARN
12 39 (1.51%) Nagios
13 33 (1.28%) Salt
14 31 (1.20%) ZABBIX
15 25 (0.97%) HAProxy
15 25 (0.97%) WMI
16 24 (0.93%) Mesos
17 18 (0.70%) SCCM
18 15 (0.58%) Packer
19 13 (0.50%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 220 (8.54%) Oracle
2 174 (6.75%) Microsoft
3 157 (6.09%) Google
4 149 (5.78%) Red Hat
5 122 (4.73%) VMware
6 98 (3.80%) Splunk
7 82 (3.18%) IBM
8 70 (2.72%) Cisco
9 56 (2.17%) Tableau
10 54 (2.10%) SAP
11 51 (1.98%) Atlassian
12 43 (1.67%) Salesforce.com
12 43 (1.67%) SaltStack
13 38 (1.47%) Citrix
14 34 (1.32%) HP
15 31 (1.20%) SolarWinds
16 28 (1.09%) EMC
16 28 (1.09%) ServiceNow
17 27 (1.05%) Twitter
18 21 (0.81%) Adobe