Period
to 23 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 23 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 91 78 138
Rank change year-on-year -13 +60 -8
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2629 3098 1968
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 2.94% 1.73%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.10% 3.50% 2.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 1890 2105 1512
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £335 £305
90th Percentile £650 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £400
% change year-on-year +5.56% +12.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 10 17
UK median hourly rate £38.75 £42.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.36% -5.00% -36.62%
10th Percentile £13.16 £17.00 £37.68
90th Percentile £48.75 £55.25 £75.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £38.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year -9.68% -13.89% +5.88%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84677 88405 92997
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.53% 83.89% 81.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 56261 58466 60205
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £380
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1985 2318 2697
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £23.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.38% +6.82% +15.79%
10th Percentile £11.60 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +4.17% +6.67% +12.50%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 2447 £500 +5.26% 301
London -8 1408 £525 +5.00% 153
UK excluding London -31 1174 £475 +5.56% 155
North of England -1 373 £475 +3.26% 42
South East -16 308 £475 +5.56% 48
Yorkshire +12 171 £480 +1.05% 23
Midlands +9 158 £475 - 20
North West -23 137 £525 +16.67% 17
West Midlands +6 118 £488 +1.04% 8
South West -2 102 £423 -3.43% 12
East of England -49 85 £508 +30.97% 26
North East +15 80 £480 +1.05% 2
Scotland -45 80 £400 +11.11% 4
Wales +4 71 £525 +5.00% 1
East Midlands -1 42 £450 +18.42% 12
Northern Ireland -50 2 £348 - 1

For the 6 months to 23 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1570 (59.72%) Agile Software Development
2 1327 (50.48%) Java
3 834 (31.72%) Linux
4 821 (31.23%) DevOps
5 719 (27.35%) Python
6 690 (26.25%) Jenkins
7 661 (25.14%) Amazon AWS
8 624 (23.74%) Git (software)
9 603 (22.94%) TDD
10 575 (21.87%) Continuous Integration
11 562 (21.38%) Scrum
12 558 (21.22%) JavaScript
13 499 (18.98%) Test Automation
14 480 (18.26%) Puppet
15 470 (17.88%) Docker
16 461 (17.54%) HTML
17 440 (16.74%) SQL
17 440 (16.74%) Microservices
18 428 (16.28%) Spring
19 426 (16.20%) REST
20 425 (16.17%) CSS
21 416 (15.82%) Web Services
22 400 (15.21%) Scala
23 388 (14.76%) MongoDB
24 387 (14.72%) Configuration Management
25 378 (14.38%) Ansible
26 362 (13.77%) NoSQL
27 361 (13.73%) JIRA
28 356 (13.54%) Finance
29 354 (13.47%) RESTful

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 244 (9.28%) Confluence
2 227 (8.63%) Apache
3 189 (7.19%) Apache Spark
4 137 (5.21%) Tomcat
5 110 (4.18%) JBoss
6 107 (4.07%) nginx
7 97 (3.69%) OpenStack
8 96 (3.65%) Elasticsearch
9 72 (2.74%) Cloud Foundry
10 61 (2.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 50 (1.90%) WebSphere
12 45 (1.71%) IIS
12 45 (1.71%) WebLogic
13 38 (1.45%) Apache Solr
13 38 (1.45%) CMS
14 35 (1.33%) Drupal
15 33 (1.26%) Apache Pig
16 26 (0.99%) Jetty
17 17 (0.65%) SharePoint
18 16 (0.61%) SAS
Applications
1 12 (0.46%) Chatbot
2 11 (0.42%) MS Visio
3 10 (0.38%) SPSS
4 8 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.27%) HipChat
6 6 (0.23%) InVision
7 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
7 5 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.038%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.038%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.038%) Stata
Business Applications
1 25 (0.95%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 14 (0.53%) Magento
3 9 (0.34%) ION MarketView
4 7 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
6 5 (0.19%) Pega PRPC
7 3 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.076%) MetaTrader
8 2 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.076%) SAP HCM
9 1 (0.038%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.038%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 1 (0.038%) Odoo
9 1 (0.038%) OpenText Process Suite
9 1 (0.038%) RMDS
9 1 (0.038%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 661 (25.14%) Amazon AWS
2 184 (7.00%) PaaS
3 179 (6.81%) Microsoft Azure
4 128 (4.87%) GitHub
5 76 (2.89%) IaaS
6 62 (2.36%) Amazon EC2
6 62 (2.36%) Serverless
7 58 (2.21%) SaaS
8 49 (1.86%) Google Cloud Platform
9 48 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
9 48 (1.83%) OpenShift
10 46 (1.75%) npm
11 40 (1.52%) IBM Cloud
12 39 (1.48%) AWS CloudFormation
12 39 (1.48%) Bluemix
13 36 (1.37%) Slack
14 26 (0.99%) Office 365
15 22 (0.84%) Amazon S3
15 22 (0.84%) Heroku
16 21 (0.80%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 216 (8.22%) HTTP
2 148 (5.63%) TCP/IP
3 121 (4.60%) Firewall
4 119 (4.53%) DNS
4 119 (4.53%) SSL
5 75 (2.85%) Internet
6 56 (2.13%) WAN
7 51 (1.94%) DHCP
8 49 (1.86%) LAN
9 37 (1.41%) VPN
10 36 (1.37%) SAN
11 35 (1.33%) LDAP
12 27 (1.03%) Network Security
13 21 (0.80%) VoIP
14 20 (0.76%) Kerberos
15 18 (0.68%) FTP
16 17 (0.65%) IPsec
17 15 (0.57%) MPLS
18 13 (0.49%) HTTPS
19 10 (0.38%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 388 (14.76%) MongoDB
2 362 (13.77%) NoSQL
3 295 (11.22%) PostgreSQL
4 271 (10.31%) Big Data
5 252 (9.59%) MySQL
6 249 (9.47%) Hadoop
7 240 (9.13%) Relational Database
8 135 (5.14%) Apache Cassandra
9 134 (5.10%) Apache Hive
10 104 (3.96%) SQL Server
11 78 (2.97%) Data Warehouse
12 75 (2.85%) RDBMS
13 69 (2.62%) Oracle Database
14 61 (2.32%) Sqoop
15 59 (2.24%) Redis
16 52 (1.98%) HBase
17 38 (1.45%) Impala
18 33 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 32 (1.22%) Amazon RDS
20 21 (0.80%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 690 (26.25%) Jenkins
2 624 (23.74%) Git (software)
3 361 (13.73%) JIRA
4 206 (7.84%) JUnit
5 191 (7.27%) Selenium
6 182 (6.92%) Maven
7 180 (6.85%) Subversion
8 176 (6.69%) Cucumber
9 100 (3.80%) IntelliJ
10 94 (3.58%) TeamCity
11 70 (2.66%) WebDriver
12 63 (2.40%) Mockito
13 60 (2.28%) gulp
14 59 (2.24%) Ant
15 58 (2.21%) Bitbucket
15 58 (2.21%) Vagrant
16 57 (2.17%) Gradle
17 56 (2.13%) Artifactory
18 54 (2.05%) Sonatype Nexus
19 51 (1.94%) Eclipse
General
1 356 (13.54%) Finance
2 264 (10.04%) Banking
3 93 (3.54%) Telecoms
4 92 (3.50%) Investment Banking
5 84 (3.20%) Marketing
6 81 (3.08%) Retail
7 53 (2.02%) Electronics
8 52 (1.98%) Manufacturing
9 29 (1.10%) Front Office
9 29 (1.10%) Games
10 28 (1.07%) Legal
11 25 (0.95%) Billing
12 21 (0.80%) Retail Banking
13 19 (0.72%) Publishing
14 17 (0.65%) Back Office
15 12 (0.46%) Corporate Banking
16 11 (0.42%) Financial Institution
17 9 (0.34%) Law
18 8 (0.30%) Local Government
19 7 (0.27%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1020 (38.80%) Developer
2 434 (16.51%) Java Developer
3 356 (13.54%) Architect
4 339 (12.89%) DevOps Engineer
5 178 (6.77%) Scala Developer
6 143 (5.44%) Analyst
7 131 (4.98%) Technical Architect
8 108 (4.11%) Senior Developer
9 94 (3.58%) AWS Engineer
10 85 (3.23%) JavaScript Developer
11 84 (3.20%) AWS DevOps
12 83 (3.16%) Linux Engineer
13 81 (3.08%) Agile Developer
14 71 (2.70%) Consultant
14 71 (2.70%) Software Engineer
15 69 (2.62%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 66 (2.51%) Full Stack Developer
17 65 (2.47%) Software Developer
18 64 (2.43%) Tester
19 63 (2.40%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 461 (17.54%) HTML
2 428 (16.28%) Spring
3 426 (16.20%) REST
4 425 (16.17%) CSS
5 416 (15.82%) Web Services
6 354 (13.47%) RESTful
7 346 (13.16%) Node.js
8 319 (12.13%) JSON
9 261 (9.93%) HTML5
10 232 (8.82%) AngularJS
11 225 (8.56%) XML
12 204 (7.76%) Play Framework
13 185 (7.04%) CSS3
14 175 (6.66%) SOAP
15 171 (6.50%) React
16 167 (6.35%) Kafka
17 161 (6.12%) Hibernate
18 144 (5.48%) .NET
19 142 (5.40%) J2EE
20 115 (4.37%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 147 (5.59%) Analytical Skills
2 142 (5.40%) User Experience
3 110 (4.18%) Greenfield Project
4 106 (4.03%) Mobile App
5 100 (3.80%) Computer Science
6 63 (2.40%) Enterprise Software
7 57 (2.17%) Data Centre
8 56 (2.13%) Management Information System
9 54 (2.05%) Virtual Team
10 44 (1.67%) Public Cloud
11 41 (1.56%) Algorithms
12 40 (1.52%) Fixed Income
13 34 (1.29%) Cloud Native
14 33 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 32 (1.22%) PKI
16 31 (1.18%) Data Structures
17 30 (1.14%) Fintech
18 26 (0.99%) N-Tier
18 26 (0.99%) Replication
19 21 (0.80%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 834 (31.72%) Linux
2 281 (10.69%) Unix
3 190 (7.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 177 (6.73%) Windows
5 72 (2.74%) CentOS
6 69 (2.62%) Android
7 67 (2.55%) Windows Server
8 63 (2.40%) Apple iOS
9 54 (2.05%) Ubuntu
10 28 (1.07%) Mac OS X
11 22 (0.84%) Windows Server 2012
12 21 (0.80%) Solaris
12 21 (0.80%) Windows Server 2003
13 17 (0.65%) CoreOS
14 13 (0.49%) Mac OS
15 10 (0.38%) AIX
16 8 (0.30%) Debian
16 8 (0.30%) Windows 10
17 6 (0.23%) FreeBSD
17 6 (0.23%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 1570 (59.72%) Agile Software Development
2 821 (31.23%) DevOps
3 603 (22.94%) TDD
4 575 (21.87%) Continuous Integration
5 562 (21.38%) Scrum
6 499 (18.98%) Test Automation
7 440 (16.74%) Microservices
8 387 (14.72%) Configuration Management
9 290 (11.03%) BDD
10 274 (10.42%) Software Engineering
11 269 (10.23%) Continuous Delivery
12 215 (8.18%) Kanban
13 206 (7.84%) Mentoring
14 181 (6.88%) User Stories
15 179 (6.81%) SOA
16 171 (6.50%) OO
17 169 (6.43%) SDLC
18 155 (5.90%) High Availability
19 154 (5.86%) Analytics
20 148 (5.63%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1327 (50.48%) Java
2 719 (27.35%) Python
3 558 (21.22%) JavaScript
4 440 (16.74%) SQL
5 400 (15.21%) Scala
6 315 (11.98%) Ruby
7 206 (7.84%) C#
8 142 (5.40%) Bash Shell
9 130 (4.94%) Perl
10 120 (4.56%) PHP
11 116 (4.41%) Shell Script
12 96 (3.65%) Groovy
13 72 (2.74%) C++
13 72 (2.74%) PowerShell
14 66 (2.51%) Go
15 52 (1.98%) C
16 47 (1.79%) ES6
17 41 (1.56%) PL/SQL
18 34 (1.29%) R
19 26 (0.99%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 294 (11.18%) Security Cleared
2 224 (8.52%) SC Cleared
3 140 (5.33%) Degree
4 52 (1.98%) BPSS Clearance
5 39 (1.48%) Computer Science Degree
6 33 (1.26%) DV Cleared
7 27 (1.03%) CISSP
8 26 (0.99%) ISEB
9 20 (0.76%) Cisco Certification
9 20 (0.76%) Master's Degree
9 20 (0.76%) RHCE
10 19 (0.72%) ISTQB
11 16 (0.61%) AWS Certification
12 11 (0.42%) CCNP
13 10 (0.38%) CISM
13 10 (0.38%) RHCA
14 9 (0.34%) CESG Certified Professional
15 8 (0.30%) CHECK Team Member
15 8 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
16 7 (0.27%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 180 (6.85%) QA
2 28 (1.07%) Disclosure Scotland
3 20 (0.76%) GDPR
4 19 (0.72%) Data Quality
5 18 (0.68%) SLA
6 12 (0.46%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.30%) PSD2
8 6 (0.23%) HL7
9 5 (0.19%) GCP
9 5 (0.19%) WCAG
10 4 (0.15%) COBIT
11 2 (0.076%) FedRAMP
11 2 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1 (0.038%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.038%) MiFID
System Software
1 470 (17.88%) Docker
2 92 (3.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 73 (2.78%) Apache Flume
4 57 (2.17%) HDFS
5 41 (1.56%) Active Directory
6 32 (1.22%) Hyper-V
7 26 (0.99%) Xen
8 24 (0.91%) KVM
8 24 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
8 24 (0.91%) VMware ESXi
9 16 (0.61%) Samba
10 15 (0.57%) VirtualBox
11 14 (0.53%) iptables
12 11 (0.42%) vSphere
13 9 (0.34%) vCloud
14 8 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 8 (0.30%) NFS
15 6 (0.23%) LXC
16 5 (0.19%) etcd
16 5 (0.19%) flannel
Systems Management
1 480 (18.26%) Puppet
2 378 (14.38%) Ansible
3 260 (9.89%) Opscode Chef
4 175 (6.66%) Kubernetes
5 135 (5.14%) Terraform
6 70 (2.66%) Oozie
7 58 (2.21%) logstash
8 55 (2.09%) Kibana
9 54 (2.05%) Ambari
10 51 (1.94%) Grafana
11 46 (1.75%) Hadoop YARN
12 32 (1.22%) Nagios
13 30 (1.14%) Salt
14 27 (1.03%) HAProxy
15 26 (0.99%) ZABBIX
16 21 (0.80%) Packer
17 19 (0.72%) Mesos
18 18 (0.68%) SCCM
19 17 (0.65%) Prometheus
20 15 (0.57%) WMI
Vendors
1 240 (9.13%) Oracle
2 179 (6.81%) Google
3 164 (6.24%) Microsoft
4 161 (6.12%) Red Hat
5 133 (5.06%) VMware
6 120 (4.56%) IBM
7 75 (2.85%) Splunk
8 68 (2.59%) Salesforce.com
9 56 (2.13%) SAP
10 52 (1.98%) Cisco
11 47 (1.79%) Atlassian
12 46 (1.75%) SaltStack
12 46 (1.75%) Tableau
13 33 (1.26%) Citrix
13 33 (1.26%) MuleSoft
14 30 (1.14%) Informatica
15 27 (1.03%) Adobe
15 27 (1.03%) WSO2
16 26 (0.99%) HP
17 25 (0.95%) EMC