Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 94 80 134
Rank change year-on-year -14 +54 -5
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2618 3009 2020
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.58% 2.87% 1.76%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.05% 3.42% 2.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 1931 2090 1540
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £328 £310
90th Percentile £650 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £413
% change year-on-year +5.56% +9.09% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 14 17
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.75 £46.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.13% -8.06% -34.51%
10th Percentile £13.16 £20.00 £37.68
90th Percentile £49.95 £52.75 £75.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.25 £42.50
% change year-on-year -17.16% -0.59% -

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85705 87976 93705
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.52% 83.91% 81.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 57093 58207 60721
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2022 2335 2744
UK median hourly rate £23.32 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.83% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.35 £11.32 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.37 £23.75
% change year-on-year -1.50% +2.59% +18.75%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 2433 £500 +4.17% 318
London -1 1412 £530 +6.00% 167
UK excluding London -29 1168 £475 +5.56% 169
North of England -6 379 £475 +5.56% 46
South East -3 304 £463 +2.78% 44
Yorkshire +15 169 £495 +4.21% 24
Midlands +2 153 £475 -1.04% 25
North West -13 137 £550 +29.41% 20
West Midlands +1 111 £475 -2.56% 13
South West -2 100 £469 +7.14% 16
North East +10 91 £475 +5.56% 2
Scotland -39 87 £400 +14.36% 11
East of England -49 80 £500 +23.08% 20
Wales +2 69 £530 +6.00% 6
East Midlands +2 42 £450 +9.09% 12
Northern Ireland -42 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1576 (60.20%) Agile Software Development
2 1282 (48.97%) Java
3 833 (31.82%) DevOps
4 802 (30.63%) Linux
5 691 (26.39%) Python
6 674 (25.74%) Amazon AWS
7 662 (25.29%) Jenkins
8 611 (23.34%) TDD
9 595 (22.73%) Git (software)
10 581 (22.19%) Continuous Integration
11 574 (21.93%) JavaScript
12 564 (21.54%) Scrum
13 498 (19.02%) Test Automation
14 452 (17.27%) Puppet
15 450 (17.19%) Docker
16 448 (17.11%) Microservices
17 428 (16.35%) HTML
17 428 (16.35%) Web Services
18 415 (15.85%) SQL
19 392 (14.97%) CSS
20 389 (14.86%) Spring
20 389 (14.86%) REST
21 385 (14.71%) Ansible
22 384 (14.67%) Configuration Management
23 382 (14.59%) MongoDB
24 379 (14.48%) Scala
25 369 (14.09%) Finance
26 360 (13.75%) Node.js
27 358 (13.67%) NoSQL
28 346 (13.22%) JIRA

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 245 (9.36%) Confluence
2 193 (7.37%) Apache
3 189 (7.22%) Apache Spark
4 136 (5.19%) Tomcat
5 116 (4.43%) nginx
6 110 (4.20%) Elasticsearch
7 103 (3.93%) JBoss
8 88 (3.36%) OpenStack
9 63 (2.41%) Cloud Foundry
10 58 (2.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 42 (1.60%) IIS
11 42 (1.60%) WebSphere
12 39 (1.49%) WebLogic
13 36 (1.38%) Apache Solr
14 34 (1.30%) CMS
15 32 (1.22%) Drupal
16 28 (1.07%) Jetty
17 26 (0.99%) Apache Pig
18 20 (0.76%) SharePoint
19 15 (0.57%) SAS
Applications
1 13 (0.50%) Chatbot
2 10 (0.38%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.34%) SPSS
4 7 (0.27%) HipChat
4 7 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
5 6 (0.23%) InVision
6 5 (0.19%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.038%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.038%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.038%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.038%) Stata
Business Applications
1 26 (0.99%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 20 (0.76%) Magento
3 9 (0.34%) ION MarketView
4 7 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.076%) MetaTrader
7 2 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.076%) SAP HCM
8 1 (0.038%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.038%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 1 (0.038%) Odoo
8 1 (0.038%) OpenText Process Suite
8 1 (0.038%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 674 (25.74%) Amazon AWS
2 186 (7.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 171 (6.53%) PaaS
4 127 (4.85%) GitHub
5 68 (2.60%) IaaS
6 67 (2.56%) Amazon EC2
7 63 (2.41%) Serverless
8 61 (2.33%) SaaS
9 56 (2.14%) npm
10 52 (1.99%) Google Cloud Platform
11 49 (1.87%) Cloud Computing
12 48 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
13 45 (1.72%) Slack
14 39 (1.49%) Bluemix
14 39 (1.49%) IBM Cloud
15 32 (1.22%) OpenShift
16 28 (1.07%) Amazon S3
16 28 (1.07%) Office 365
17 19 (0.73%) Google Analytics
17 19 (0.73%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 190 (7.26%) HTTP
2 147 (5.61%) TCP/IP
3 128 (4.89%) Firewall
4 122 (4.66%) DNS
5 114 (4.35%) SSL
6 79 (3.02%) Internet
7 55 (2.10%) DHCP
8 51 (1.95%) WAN
9 48 (1.83%) LAN
10 43 (1.64%) SAN
11 39 (1.49%) VPN
12 34 (1.30%) Network Security
13 28 (1.07%) LDAP
14 21 (0.80%) FTP
14 21 (0.80%) VoIP
15 19 (0.73%) IPsec
16 15 (0.57%) Kerberos
17 14 (0.53%) MPLS
18 13 (0.50%) Intranet
19 12 (0.46%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 382 (14.59%) MongoDB
2 358 (13.67%) NoSQL
3 314 (11.99%) PostgreSQL
4 276 (10.54%) MySQL
5 254 (9.70%) Big Data
6 236 (9.01%) Hadoop
7 234 (8.94%) Relational Database
8 129 (4.93%) Apache Cassandra
9 124 (4.74%) Apache Hive
10 105 (4.01%) SQL Server
11 76 (2.90%) RDBMS
12 70 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
13 69 (2.64%) Oracle Database
14 59 (2.25%) Redis
15 58 (2.22%) Sqoop
16 49 (1.87%) HBase
17 42 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 41 (1.57%) Amazon RDS
19 35 (1.34%) Impala
20 23 (0.88%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 662 (25.29%) Jenkins
2 595 (22.73%) Git (software)
3 346 (13.22%) JIRA
4 197 (7.52%) Cucumber
5 183 (6.99%) Selenium
6 180 (6.88%) JUnit
7 174 (6.65%) Subversion
8 172 (6.57%) Maven
9 101 (3.86%) TeamCity
10 91 (3.48%) IntelliJ
11 70 (2.67%) gulp
12 69 (2.64%) WebDriver
13 61 (2.33%) Artifactory
14 56 (2.14%) Sonatype Nexus
15 55 (2.10%) Gradle
16 54 (2.06%) Ant
16 54 (2.06%) Mockito
17 51 (1.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 49 (1.87%) Bitbucket
19 48 (1.83%) Jasmine
General
1 369 (14.09%) Finance
2 257 (9.82%) Banking
3 89 (3.40%) Investment Banking
4 88 (3.36%) Telecoms
5 84 (3.21%) Marketing
6 64 (2.44%) Retail
7 52 (1.99%) Electronics
8 51 (1.95%) Manufacturing
9 35 (1.34%) Games
10 32 (1.22%) Legal
11 30 (1.15%) Front Office
12 25 (0.95%) Back Office
13 24 (0.92%) Retail Banking
14 23 (0.88%) Publishing
15 17 (0.65%) Billing
16 10 (0.38%) Law
17 8 (0.31%) Advertising
17 8 (0.31%) Local Government
18 6 (0.23%) Financial Institution
19 5 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 982 (37.51%) Developer
2 411 (15.70%) Java Developer
3 371 (14.17%) Architect
4 341 (13.03%) DevOps Engineer
5 165 (6.30%) Scala Developer
6 151 (5.77%) Analyst
7 140 (5.35%) Technical Architect
8 99 (3.78%) AWS Engineer
9 95 (3.63%) Senior Developer
10 93 (3.55%) Agile Developer
11 89 (3.40%) JavaScript Developer
12 85 (3.25%) Linux Engineer
13 81 (3.09%) AWS DevOps
13 81 (3.09%) Software Engineer
14 71 (2.71%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 71 (2.71%) Consultant
15 70 (2.67%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 69 (2.64%) Business Analyst
17 66 (2.52%) Agile Java Developer
17 66 (2.52%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 428 (16.35%) HTML
1 428 (16.35%) Web Services
2 392 (14.97%) CSS
3 389 (14.86%) REST
3 389 (14.86%) Spring
4 360 (13.75%) Node.js
5 329 (12.57%) RESTful
6 291 (11.12%) JSON
7 252 (9.63%) HTML5
8 243 (9.28%) AngularJS
9 198 (7.56%) XML
10 181 (6.91%) React
11 180 (6.88%) CSS3
12 178 (6.80%) Play Framework
13 169 (6.46%) Kafka
14 153 (5.84%) .NET
15 152 (5.81%) Hibernate
16 151 (5.77%) SOAP
17 120 (4.58%) J2EE
18 100 (3.82%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 147 (5.61%) User Experience
2 139 (5.31%) Analytical Skills
3 103 (3.93%) Computer Science
4 102 (3.90%) Mobile App
5 100 (3.82%) Greenfield Project
6 69 (2.64%) Enterprise Software
7 61 (2.33%) Virtual Team
8 60 (2.29%) Management Information System
9 55 (2.10%) Data Centre
10 43 (1.64%) Fixed Income
11 42 (1.60%) Fintech
12 41 (1.57%) Public Cloud
13 39 (1.49%) Algorithms
14 36 (1.38%) Data Structures
15 34 (1.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 30 (1.15%) Cloud Native
16 30 (1.15%) PKI
17 27 (1.03%) Clustering
18 26 (0.99%) N-Tier
19 24 (0.92%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 802 (30.63%) Linux
2 251 (9.59%) Unix
3 206 (7.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 191 (7.30%) Windows
5 85 (3.25%) Windows Server
6 71 (2.71%) CentOS
7 66 (2.52%) Android
8 58 (2.22%) Apple iOS
9 52 (1.99%) Ubuntu
10 36 (1.38%) Windows Server 2012
11 30 (1.15%) Mac OS X
11 30 (1.15%) Windows Server 2003
12 20 (0.76%) Solaris
13 16 (0.61%) CoreOS
14 9 (0.34%) AIX
15 8 (0.31%) Debian
15 8 (0.31%) Windows 10
16 7 (0.27%) Mac OS
16 7 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
17 6 (0.23%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 1576 (60.20%) Agile Software Development
2 833 (31.82%) DevOps
3 611 (23.34%) TDD
4 581 (22.19%) Continuous Integration
5 564 (21.54%) Scrum
6 498 (19.02%) Test Automation
7 448 (17.11%) Microservices
8 384 (14.67%) Configuration Management
9 322 (12.30%) BDD
10 277 (10.58%) Software Engineering
11 276 (10.54%) Continuous Delivery
12 218 (8.33%) Mentoring
13 214 (8.17%) Kanban
14 199 (7.60%) User Stories
15 173 (6.61%) SOA
16 165 (6.30%) SDLC
17 152 (5.81%) High Availability
18 151 (5.77%) Analytics
19 144 (5.50%) OO
20 135 (5.16%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1282 (48.97%) Java
2 691 (26.39%) Python
3 574 (21.93%) JavaScript
4 415 (15.85%) SQL
5 379 (14.48%) Scala
6 317 (12.11%) Ruby
7 187 (7.14%) C#
8 143 (5.46%) Bash Shell
9 127 (4.85%) PHP
10 122 (4.66%) Shell Script
11 114 (4.35%) Perl
12 95 (3.63%) Groovy
12 95 (3.63%) PowerShell
13 67 (2.56%) C++
14 64 (2.44%) Go
15 52 (1.99%) ES6
16 47 (1.80%) C
17 40 (1.53%) PL/SQL
18 34 (1.30%) R
19 22 (0.84%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 299 (11.42%) Security Cleared
2 227 (8.67%) SC Cleared
3 149 (5.69%) Degree
4 58 (2.22%) BPSS Clearance
5 53 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
6 33 (1.26%) DV Cleared
7 29 (1.11%) CISSP
8 25 (0.95%) ISEB
9 21 (0.80%) Cisco Certification
10 18 (0.69%) ISTQB
10 18 (0.69%) RHCE
11 15 (0.57%) AWS Certification
12 13 (0.50%) CCNP
12 13 (0.50%) Master's Degree
13 12 (0.46%) CISM
14 9 (0.34%) CESG Certified Professional
14 9 (0.34%) CHECK Team Member
14 9 (0.34%) RHCA
15 8 (0.31%) CCIE
16 7 (0.27%) CCDP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 178 (6.80%) QA
2 29 (1.11%) Disclosure Scotland
3 20 (0.76%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.73%) GDPR
5 17 (0.65%) SLA
6 11 (0.42%) PCI DSS
6 11 (0.42%) PSD2
7 8 (0.31%) HL7
8 5 (0.19%) WCAG
9 4 (0.15%) COBIT
9 4 (0.15%) GCP
10 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.038%) CESG Infosec
11 1 (0.038%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.038%) FedRAMP
11 1 (0.038%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 450 (17.19%) Docker
2 82 (3.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 75 (2.86%) Apache Flume
4 61 (2.33%) HDFS
5 48 (1.83%) Active Directory
6 40 (1.53%) Hyper-V
7 33 (1.26%) VMware ESXi
8 26 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
9 21 (0.80%) Xen
10 19 (0.73%) Samba
11 15 (0.57%) KVM
12 14 (0.53%) vSphere
13 13 (0.50%) iptables
14 9 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 8 (0.31%) NFS
15 8 (0.31%) vCloud
16 7 (0.27%) VirtualBox
17 6 (0.23%) LXC
18 5 (0.19%) etcd
18 5 (0.19%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 452 (17.27%) Puppet
2 385 (14.71%) Ansible
3 255 (9.74%) Opscode Chef
4 164 (6.26%) Kubernetes
5 145 (5.54%) Terraform
6 64 (2.44%) Kibana
7 61 (2.33%) Oozie
8 60 (2.29%) logstash
9 56 (2.14%) Ambari
10 46 (1.76%) Grafana
11 45 (1.72%) Hadoop YARN
12 33 (1.26%) Nagios
13 30 (1.15%) Salt
14 29 (1.11%) HAProxy
15 24 (0.92%) Packer
15 24 (0.92%) ZABBIX
16 22 (0.84%) WMI
17 19 (0.73%) Mesos
18 18 (0.69%) Prometheus
19 17 (0.65%) SCCM
Vendors
1 234 (8.94%) Oracle
2 178 (6.80%) Microsoft
3 166 (6.34%) Google
4 150 (5.73%) Red Hat
5 136 (5.19%) VMware
6 106 (4.05%) IBM
7 82 (3.13%) Splunk
8 68 (2.60%) Cisco
9 66 (2.52%) Salesforce.com
10 56 (2.14%) SAP
11 53 (2.02%) Atlassian
12 47 (1.80%) Tableau
13 43 (1.64%) SaltStack
14 32 (1.22%) Citrix
15 28 (1.07%) Informatica
15 28 (1.07%) MuleSoft
16 27 (1.03%) SolarWinds
17 26 (0.99%) WSO2
18 25 (0.95%) EMC
19 24 (0.92%) Apple