Period
to 20 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 20 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 94 92 79
Rank change year-on-year -2 -13 +66
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,664 2,610 3,115
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.59% 2.64% 2.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.00% 3.09% 3.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,749 1,804 2,082
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £375 £338
90th Percentile £688 £650 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 15 10
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +9.68% -13.89%
10th Percentile £15.26 £13.31 £16.94
90th Percentile £71.45 £48.75 £55.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.99 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -22.88% - -12.50%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,745 84,585 91,698
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.20% 85.59% 85.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,601 55,681 60,671
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.12%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,450 2,094 2,377
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £24.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.58% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £24.00 £23.39
% change year-on-year -16.67% +2.62% +6.31%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 2,515 £525 +5.00% 723
London +4 1,453 £550 +4.76% 349
UK excluding London -2 1,163 £475 - 408
South East +23 385 £485 +2.11% 74
North of England -17 358 £450 -5.26% 112
Midlands -6 160 £488 +2.63% 52
Yorkshire -26 142 £450 -5.26% 32
North West -26 121 £525 - 68
West Midlands -19 118 £450 -7.69% 31
North East +6 99 £420 -16.00% 12
East of England +22 95 £525 +1.06% 67
Scotland +1 88 £525 +23.53% 19
South West -50 62 £500 +17.99% 69
East Midlands +13 40 £500 +5.26% 21
Wales -52 24 £575 +12.20% 4
Northern Ireland +36 2 £275 -20.86% 11
Channel Islands - 1 £700 -

For the 6 months to 20 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,496 (56.16%) Agile Software Development
2 1,198 (44.97%) Java
3 855 (32.09%) DevOps
4 797 (29.92%) Linux
5 782 (29.35%) Python
6 774 (29.05%) Jenkins
7 691 (25.94%) JavaScript
8 687 (25.79%) Amazon AWS
9 624 (23.42%) Test Automation
10 607 (22.79%) Git (software)
11 593 (22.26%) Continuous Integration
12 568 (21.32%) Docker
13 504 (18.92%) Puppet
14 501 (18.81%) Microservices
15 492 (18.47%) Scrum
16 473 (17.76%) TDD
17 453 (17.00%) SQL
18 447 (16.78%) Ansible
19 432 (16.22%) Configuration Management
20 421 (15.80%) Web Services
21 400 (15.02%) HTML
22 390 (14.64%) CSS
23 389 (14.60%) Node.js
24 384 (14.41%) Spring
25 368 (13.81%) Finance
26 354 (13.29%) Security Cleared
27 349 (13.10%) Opscode Chef
27 349 (13.10%) Kubernetes
28 348 (13.06%) Microsoft Azure
29 341 (12.80%) REST

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 177 (6.64%) Apache
2 175 (6.57%) Confluence
3 162 (6.08%) nginx
4 155 (5.82%) Tomcat
5 154 (5.78%) Apache Spark
6 123 (4.62%) Elasticsearch
7 68 (2.55%) Cloud Foundry
8 67 (2.52%) JBoss
9 44 (1.65%) Apache Solr
10 43 (1.61%) Jetty
11 40 (1.50%) WebSphere
12 39 (1.46%) OpenStack
13 38 (1.43%) CMS
14 37 (1.39%) WebLogic
15 33 (1.24%) IIS
16 27 (1.01%) Mongrel
17 20 (0.75%) Apache Pig
18 17 (0.64%) SharePoint
19 15 (0.56%) SAS
19 15 (0.56%) WordPress
Applications
1 11 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.23%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.075%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.075%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.038%) InVision
6 1 (0.038%) Shockwave
6 1 (0.038%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.038%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 14 (0.53%) Magento
2 11 (0.41%) ION MarketView
3 5 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.075%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.038%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.038%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.038%) Exchequer
6 1 (0.038%) Exstream
6 1 (0.038%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.038%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.038%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.038%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 687 (25.79%) Amazon AWS
2 348 (13.06%) Microsoft Azure
3 178 (6.68%) GitHub
4 140 (5.26%) PaaS
5 98 (3.68%) Amazon EC2
6 97 (3.64%) npm
7 83 (3.12%) IaaS
8 79 (2.97%) SaaS
9 74 (2.78%) Google Cloud Platform
10 66 (2.48%) Cloud Computing
11 59 (2.21%) AWS CloudFormation
12 51 (1.91%) Amazon S3
12 51 (1.91%) Google Analytics
13 50 (1.88%) Amazon EMR
14 47 (1.76%) Datadog
15 45 (1.69%) Serverless
16 41 (1.54%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 36 (1.35%) OpenShift
18 32 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
19 27 (1.01%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 263 (9.87%) HTTP
2 191 (7.17%) TCP/IP
3 163 (6.12%) SSL
4 104 (3.90%) DNS
5 90 (3.38%) Firewall
6 69 (2.59%) Internet
7 59 (2.21%) DHCP
8 43 (1.61%) FTP
8 43 (1.61%) IPsec
9 29 (1.09%) VPN
10 22 (0.83%) Kerberos
10 22 (0.83%) Network Security
11 19 (0.71%) AMQP
12 18 (0.68%) HTTPS
13 17 (0.64%) LAN
13 17 (0.64%) SSH
14 15 (0.56%) WAN
15 12 (0.45%) MPLS
15 12 (0.45%) SMS
16 7 (0.26%) ICMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 336 (12.61%) NoSQL
2 309 (11.60%) MongoDB
3 298 (11.19%) Relational Database
4 276 (10.36%) PostgreSQL
5 272 (10.21%) MySQL
6 253 (9.50%) Big Data
7 187 (7.02%) Hadoop
8 144 (5.41%) SQL Server
9 116 (4.35%) Apache Cassandra
10 98 (3.68%) RDBMS
11 85 (3.19%) Apache Hive
12 71 (2.67%) Amazon Redshift
12 71 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
12 71 (2.67%) Redis
13 47 (1.76%) HBase
14 31 (1.16%) Data Lake
15 29 (1.09%) Data Mining
15 29 (1.09%) Neo4j
15 29 (1.09%) Oracle Database
16 28 (1.05%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 774 (29.05%) Jenkins
2 607 (22.79%) Git (software)
3 272 (10.21%) Selenium
4 241 (9.05%) JIRA
5 218 (8.18%) Cucumber
6 215 (8.07%) JUnit
7 205 (7.70%) Maven
8 116 (4.35%) gulp
9 103 (3.87%) Gradle
10 102 (3.83%) Subversion
11 97 (3.64%) Gatling
12 90 (3.38%) Travis CI
13 74 (2.78%) SoapUI
14 73 (2.74%) Ant
14 73 (2.74%) Karma Test Runner
15 65 (2.44%) IntelliJ
16 64 (2.40%) SonarQube
17 60 (2.25%) Artifactory
17 60 (2.25%) GitLab
17 60 (2.25%) Grunt
General
1 368 (13.81%) Finance
2 192 (7.21%) Banking
3 121 (4.54%) Retail
4 62 (2.33%) Telecoms
5 58 (2.18%) Marketing
6 51 (1.91%) Legal
7 37 (1.39%) Investment Banking
7 37 (1.39%) Manufacturing
8 34 (1.28%) Electronics
8 34 (1.28%) Front Office
9 33 (1.24%) Back Office
10 32 (1.20%) Publishing
11 29 (1.09%) Games
12 22 (0.83%) Financial Institution
13 20 (0.75%) Advertising
14 14 (0.53%) Law
15 6 (0.23%) Automotive
15 6 (0.23%) Prime Brokerage
16 5 (0.19%) Billing
16 5 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,009 (37.88%) Developer
2 398 (14.94%) DevOps Engineer
3 337 (12.65%) Java Developer
4 321 (12.05%) Architect
5 116 (4.35%) Analyst
5 116 (4.35%) AWS Engineer
6 107 (4.02%) Scala Developer
7 102 (3.83%) Tester
8 91 (3.42%) Senior Developer
9 89 (3.34%) AWS DevOps
9 89 (3.34%) Technical Architect
10 87 (3.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 85 (3.19%) React Developer
12 81 (3.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 81 (3.04%) Software Engineer
13 77 (2.89%) Solutions Architect
14 76 (2.85%) JavaScript Developer
15 74 (2.78%) Data Engineer
16 73 (2.74%) Java Engineer
17 67 (2.52%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 421 (15.80%) Web Services
2 400 (15.02%) HTML
3 390 (14.64%) CSS
4 389 (14.60%) Node.js
5 384 (14.41%) Spring
6 341 (12.80%) REST
7 321 (12.05%) AngularJS
8 314 (11.79%) RESTful
9 243 (9.12%) HTML5
10 228 (8.56%) JSON
11 216 (8.11%) React
12 211 (7.92%) .NET
13 206 (7.73%) SOAP
14 177 (6.64%) XML
15 169 (6.34%) Kafka
16 164 (6.16%) CSS3
17 163 (6.12%) Spring Boot
18 138 (5.18%) J2EE
19 118 (4.43%) Hibernate
20 113 (4.24%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 171 (6.42%) Analytical Skills
2 157 (5.89%) User Experience
3 115 (4.32%) Computer Science
4 112 (4.20%) Greenfield Project
5 90 (3.38%) Data Centre
6 87 (3.27%) Mobile App
7 74 (2.78%) Algorithms
8 58 (2.18%) Linux Command Line
9 53 (1.99%) Fintech
10 51 (1.91%) Management Information System
11 49 (1.84%) Public Cloud
12 48 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
13 44 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
14 43 (1.61%) Data Structures
14 43 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 32 (1.20%) Fixed Income
16 30 (1.13%) NHS
17 22 (0.83%) Private Cloud
17 22 (0.83%) Social Media
18 19 (0.71%) HoloLens
Operating Systems
1 797 (29.92%) Linux
2 254 (9.53%) Unix
3 247 (9.27%) Windows
4 112 (4.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 86 (3.23%) Ubuntu
6 67 (2.52%) Android
7 66 (2.48%) CentOS
8 42 (1.58%) Apple iOS
8 42 (1.58%) Windows Server
9 19 (0.71%) Mac OS X
10 15 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (0.49%) DC/OS
12 12 (0.45%) Solaris
13 11 (0.41%) AIX
13 11 (0.41%) Debian
14 9 (0.34%) Windows 7
14 9 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
15 8 (0.30%) Windows 8
16 7 (0.26%) CoreOS
16 7 (0.26%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,496 (56.16%) Agile Software Development
2 855 (32.09%) DevOps
3 624 (23.42%) Test Automation
4 593 (22.26%) Continuous Integration
5 501 (18.81%) Microservices
6 492 (18.47%) Scrum
7 473 (17.76%) TDD
8 432 (16.22%) Configuration Management
9 329 (12.35%) BDD
10 294 (11.04%) Problem-Solving
11 272 (10.21%) Analytics
12 262 (9.83%) OO
13 258 (9.68%) Continuous Delivery
14 254 (9.53%) Software Engineering
15 190 (7.13%) Kanban
16 175 (6.57%) MVC
17 173 (6.49%) Mentoring
18 164 (6.16%) Continuous Improvement
19 157 (5.89%) Migration
20 153 (5.74%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 1,198 (44.97%) Java
2 782 (29.35%) Python
3 691 (25.94%) JavaScript
4 453 (17.00%) SQL
5 334 (12.54%) Ruby
6 311 (11.67%) Scala
7 236 (8.86%) C#
8 212 (7.96%) Bash Shell
9 186 (6.98%) Groovy
10 182 (6.83%) Perl
11 139 (5.22%) Java 8
12 134 (5.03%) Shell Script
13 128 (4.80%) C++
14 105 (3.94%) PHP
15 88 (3.30%) C
16 82 (3.08%) ES6
17 79 (2.97%) PowerShell
18 64 (2.40%) TypeScript
19 51 (1.91%) Haskell
20 50 (1.88%) R
Qualifications
1 354 (13.29%) Security Cleared
2 295 (11.07%) SC Cleared
3 186 (6.98%) Degree
4 72 (2.70%) BPSS Clearance
5 71 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
6 36 (1.35%) ISTQB
7 33 (1.24%) ISEB
8 25 (0.94%) Master's Degree
9 19 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 18 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
11 17 (0.64%) CISSP
12 14 (0.53%) BC Cleared
13 13 (0.49%) DV Cleared
14 11 (0.41%) CCNP
14 11 (0.41%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 9 (0.34%) CCDP
15 9 (0.34%) Chartered Engineer
15 9 (0.34%) CISM
15 9 (0.34%) TOGAF Certification
16 7 (0.26%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 199 (7.47%) QA
2 34 (1.28%) Data Quality
3 25 (0.94%) GDPR
4 15 (0.56%) GCP
5 12 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
5 12 (0.45%) PMO
6 11 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.19%) HL7
8 4 (0.15%) FedRAMP
8 4 (0.15%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.15%) SLA
9 3 (0.11%) WAI
10 2 (0.075%) Government Security Classifications
10 2 (0.075%) WCAG
11 1 (0.038%) BS25999
11 1 (0.038%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.038%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.038%) PSD2
11 1 (0.038%) TickIT
System Software
1 568 (21.32%) Docker
2 108 (4.05%) VMware Infrastructure
3 99 (3.72%) Virtual Machines
4 52 (1.95%) Active Directory
5 32 (1.20%) Xen
6 29 (1.09%) HDFS
7 28 (1.05%) vSphere
8 24 (0.90%) Apache Flume
9 23 (0.86%) Hyper-V
10 22 (0.83%) etcd
11 21 (0.79%) flannel
12 14 (0.53%) VirtualBox
13 12 (0.45%) Virtual Servers
14 9 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 9 (0.34%) LXC
15 7 (0.26%) KVM
15 7 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
15 7 (0.26%) ProxySG
16 6 (0.23%) Ceph
16 6 (0.23%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 504 (18.92%) Puppet
2 447 (16.78%) Ansible
3 349 (13.10%) Kubernetes
3 349 (13.10%) Opscode Chef
4 264 (9.91%) Terraform
5 82 (3.08%) Kibana
6 81 (3.04%) Grafana
7 56 (2.10%) Packer
8 45 (1.69%) Nagios
9 34 (1.28%) Salt
10 31 (1.16%) logstash
11 29 (1.09%) Prometheus
12 28 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
13 24 (0.90%) Oozie
14 21 (0.79%) rkt
15 20 (0.75%) HAProxy
16 18 (0.68%) Consul
17 16 (0.60%) Mesos
18 13 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
18 13 (0.49%) SELinux
Vendors
1 202 (7.58%) Microsoft
2 197 (7.39%) Google
3 180 (6.76%) Oracle
4 125 (4.69%) VMware
5 104 (3.90%) Red Hat
6 98 (3.68%) Splunk
7 69 (2.59%) SAP
8 51 (1.91%) New Relic
9 44 (1.65%) Atlassian
10 35 (1.31%) Cisco
11 34 (1.28%) IBM
12 33 (1.24%) Adobe
12 33 (1.24%) Tableau
13 32 (1.20%) SaltStack
14 30 (1.13%) webMethods
15 27 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
16 24 (0.90%) SOASTA, Inc
17 23 (0.86%) Cloudera
18 22 (0.83%) AppDynamics
18 22 (0.83%) Informatica