Period
to 26 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 26 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
26 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 103 90 87
Rank change year-on-year -13 -3 0
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,143 2,721 2,467
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.35% 2.70% 2.69%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.70% 3.12% 3.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,347 1,860 1,684
UK median daily rate £530 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £363
90th Percentile £694 £650 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 22 23
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £47.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -25.53% +56.67%
10th Percentile £22.13 £17.91 £36.25
90th Percentile £45.85 £50.50 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - -17.65% +30.77%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,325 87,229 78,565
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.04% 86.59% 85.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,144 57,508 51,410
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £305 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.17% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,203 2,369 2,105
UK median hourly rate £25.34 £21.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.84% -14.00% -
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.18 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +25.00% -20.00% -7.41%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 26 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 2,030 £538 +5.91% 171
London -5 1,229 £550 - 69
UK excluding London -31 889 £500 +5.26% 111
North of England -10 309 £500 +11.11% 36
South East -65 192 £475 - 25
Yorkshire -9 139 £500 +8.11% 12
North West +5 114 £500 +5.26% 21
Midlands -16 112 £475 -5.00% 11
South West 0 111 £538 +7.50% 19
West Midlands -11 94 £475 -7.32% 8
East of England -21 73 £456 -13.01% 11
North East -9 56 £475 +18.75% 3
Scotland -2 54 £425 -1.73% 8
Wales +19 38 £575 +21.05%
East Midlands -1 18 £650 +30.00% 3

For the 6 months to 26 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,158 (54.04%) Agile Software Development
2 995 (46.43%) Java
3 830 (38.73%) DevOps
4 819 (38.22%) Amazon AWS
5 710 (33.13%) Python
6 631 (29.44%) JavaScript
7 611 (28.51%) Jenkins
8 577 (26.92%) Linux
9 530 (24.73%) Continuous Integration
10 505 (23.57%) Git (software)
11 499 (23.29%) Docker
12 467 (21.79%) Test Automation
13 408 (19.04%) Microservices
14 407 (18.99%) TDD
15 371 (17.31%) Web Services
16 366 (17.08%) Scrum
17 361 (16.85%) Kubernetes
18 356 (16.61%) SQL
19 349 (16.29%) Microsoft Azure
20 347 (16.19%) Finance
21 340 (15.87%) Ansible
22 332 (15.49%) Node.js
23 321 (14.98%) AngularJS
24 309 (14.42%) Puppet
25 292 (13.63%) HTML
26 290 (13.53%) Security Cleared
27 286 (13.35%) Configuration Management
28 282 (13.16%) Spring
29 279 (13.02%) CSS
30 276 (12.88%) RESTful

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 169 (7.89%) Confluence
2 115 (5.37%) nginx
3 107 (4.99%) Apache
4 97 (4.53%) Apache Spark
4 97 (4.53%) Tomcat
5 76 (3.55%) WebSphere
6 72 (3.36%) Elasticsearch
7 51 (2.38%) IIS
8 43 (2.01%) Cloud Foundry
9 38 (1.77%) Jetty
10 30 (1.40%) Mongrel
11 29 (1.35%) JBoss
12 27 (1.26%) Drupal
13 26 (1.21%) Apache Airflow
13 26 (1.21%) WordPress
14 25 (1.17%) SAS
15 24 (1.12%) CMS
15 24 (1.12%) OpenStack
16 21 (0.98%) WebLogic
17 19 (0.89%) Ethereum
Applications
1 30 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 9 (0.42%) Photoshop
3 7 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.33%) SPSS
4 2 (0.093%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 2 (0.093%) Adobe XD
4 2 (0.093%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.093%) InVision
4 2 (0.093%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.093%) Sketch
4 2 (0.093%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.047%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 17 (0.79%) Distributed Ledger
2 13 (0.61%) R3 Corda
3 10 (0.47%) Magento
4 4 (0.19%) SAP ERP
4 4 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 4 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.093%) MultiChain
5 2 (0.093%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.093%) Quorum
5 2 (0.093%) Workday HCM
6 1 (0.047%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 819 (38.22%) Amazon AWS
2 349 (16.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 203 (9.47%) Amazon EC2
4 176 (8.21%) Google Cloud Platform
5 175 (8.17%) GitHub
6 145 (6.77%) Serverless
7 133 (6.21%) Amazon S3
8 113 (5.27%) PaaS
9 109 (5.09%) AWS Lambda
10 105 (4.90%) AWS CloudFormation
11 100 (4.67%) Amazon SQS
12 95 (4.43%) OpenShift
13 76 (3.55%) npm
14 61 (2.85%) SaaS
15 55 (2.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 49 (2.29%) Google App Engine
17 47 (2.19%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 47 (2.19%) Cloud Computing
18 41 (1.91%) Slack
19 39 (1.82%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 182 (8.49%) HTTP
2 150 (7.00%) TCP/IP
3 128 (5.97%) SSL
4 107 (4.99%) DNS
5 96 (4.48%) FTP
6 82 (3.83%) DHCP
7 80 (3.73%) IPsec
8 77 (3.59%) Firewall
9 48 (2.24%) WAN
10 42 (1.96%) Network Security
11 35 (1.63%) LAN
12 33 (1.54%) Internet
12 33 (1.54%) Intrusion Detection
13 31 (1.45%) VoIP
14 24 (1.12%) VPN
15 16 (0.75%) SMTP
16 14 (0.65%) AMQP
17 13 (0.61%) Cisco ASA
17 13 (0.61%) SAN
18 12 (0.56%) IPFS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 261 (12.18%) MySQL
2 252 (11.76%) NoSQL
3 222 (10.36%) MongoDB
4 200 (9.33%) PostgreSQL
5 182 (8.49%) Relational Database
6 169 (7.89%) Big Data
7 156 (7.28%) SQL Server
8 140 (6.53%) Amazon RDS
9 109 (5.09%) Amazon Redshift
10 104 (4.85%) Hadoop
11 89 (4.15%) Apache Cassandra
12 77 (3.59%) RDBMS
13 64 (2.99%) Data Warehouse
14 50 (2.33%) Redis
15 42 (1.96%) Blockchain
16 36 (1.68%) Data Lake
17 31 (1.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 27 (1.26%) Power BI
19 22 (1.03%) DB2
19 22 (1.03%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 611 (28.51%) Jenkins
2 505 (23.57%) Git (software)
3 267 (12.46%) JIRA
4 194 (9.05%) Maven
5 180 (8.40%) JUnit
6 125 (5.83%) Travis CI
7 122 (5.69%) Selenium
8 117 (5.46%) SonarQube
9 107 (4.99%) Cucumber
10 103 (4.81%) Artifactory
11 100 (4.67%) gulp
12 97 (4.53%) GitLab
13 91 (4.25%) Bitbucket
14 77 (3.59%) Gradle
15 74 (3.45%) Subversion
16 72 (3.36%) Jasmine
17 66 (3.08%) Mockito
18 63 (2.94%) Sonatype Nexus
19 56 (2.61%) Karma Test Runner
20 51 (2.38%) jMock
General
1 347 (16.19%) Finance
2 162 (7.56%) Banking
3 76 (3.55%) Front Office
4 53 (2.47%) Retail
5 43 (2.01%) Marketing
6 36 (1.68%) Law
7 34 (1.59%) Pharmaceutical
8 30 (1.40%) Financial Institution
9 29 (1.35%) Telecoms
10 28 (1.31%) Games
11 23 (1.07%) Advertising
11 23 (1.07%) Publishing
12 20 (0.93%) Investment Banking
12 20 (0.93%) Legal
13 18 (0.84%) Manufacturing
14 11 (0.51%) Electronics
15 7 (0.33%) Retail Banking
16 6 (0.28%) Billing
17 3 (0.14%) Back Office
18 2 (0.093%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 906 (42.28%) Developer
2 314 (14.65%) DevOps Engineer
3 260 (12.13%) Architect
4 238 (11.11%) Java Developer
5 123 (5.74%) Senior Developer
6 115 (5.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 114 (5.32%) Python Developer
8 110 (5.13%) AWS Developer
9 102 (4.76%) JavaScript Developer
10 95 (4.43%) AWS Engineer
11 89 (4.15%) Full Stack Developer
12 87 (4.06%) Analyst
12 87 (4.06%) Angular Developer
13 83 (3.87%) React Developer
14 80 (3.73%) Data Engineer
15 75 (3.50%) Solutions Architect
16 63 (2.94%) AWS DevOps
16 63 (2.94%) UI Developer
17 62 (2.89%) Tester
18 56 (2.61%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 371 (17.31%) Web Services
2 332 (15.49%) Node.js
3 321 (14.98%) AngularJS
4 292 (13.63%) HTML
5 282 (13.16%) Spring
6 279 (13.02%) CSS
7 276 (12.88%) RESTful
8 247 (11.53%) React
9 221 (10.31%) REST
10 163 (7.61%) .NET
11 150 (7.00%) J2EE
12 149 (6.95%) SOAP
13 145 (6.77%) JSON
14 135 (6.30%) HTML5
14 135 (6.30%) Kafka
15 120 (5.60%) Spring Boot
16 87 (4.06%) Elastic Stack
17 86 (4.01%) XML
18 83 (3.87%) Vue.js
19 73 (3.41%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 111 (5.18%) Greenfield Project
2 89 (4.15%) Algorithms
3 80 (3.73%) User Experience
4 77 (3.59%) Analytical Skills
5 71 (3.31%) Mobile App
6 67 (3.13%) Data Centre
7 53 (2.47%) Public Cloud
8 47 (2.19%) Data Structures
9 44 (2.05%) Cloud Native
10 38 (1.77%) Management Information System
11 37 (1.73%) Blog
12 33 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
13 32 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
14 28 (1.31%) NHS
15 27 (1.26%) Bitcoin
16 25 (1.17%) Hedge funds
17 23 (1.07%) Cyberattack
17 23 (1.07%) Fixed Income
18 22 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
19 21 (0.98%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 577 (26.92%) Linux
2 192 (8.96%) Windows
3 163 (7.61%) Unix
4 63 (2.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 39 (1.82%) Android
6 35 (1.63%) Ubuntu
7 29 (1.35%) CentOS
8 27 (1.26%) Windows Server
9 21 (0.98%) Apple iOS
10 13 (0.61%) VMS
11 12 (0.56%) Kali Linux
11 12 (0.56%) Mac OS
12 11 (0.51%) Windows 10
13 10 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
15 7 (0.33%) Mac OS X
15 7 (0.33%) Solaris
16 6 (0.28%) Debian
17 5 (0.23%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 3 (0.14%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,158 (54.04%) Agile Software Development
2 830 (38.73%) DevOps
3 530 (24.73%) Continuous Integration
4 467 (21.79%) Test Automation
5 408 (19.04%) Microservices
6 407 (18.99%) TDD
7 366 (17.08%) Scrum
8 286 (13.35%) Configuration Management
9 235 (10.97%) BDD
10 208 (9.71%) OO
11 207 (9.66%) Software Engineering
12 203 (9.47%) Analytics
13 179 (8.35%) Continuous Delivery
14 172 (8.03%) Problem-Solving
15 160 (7.47%) Front End Development
16 154 (7.19%) Deployment Automation
17 149 (6.95%) Mentoring
18 147 (6.86%) Kanban
19 130 (6.07%) Machine Learning
19 130 (6.07%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 995 (46.43%) Java
2 710 (33.13%) Python
3 631 (29.44%) JavaScript
4 356 (16.61%) SQL
5 170 (7.93%) Ruby
6 151 (7.05%) C#
7 146 (6.81%) Scala
8 131 (6.11%) ES6
9 130 (6.07%) Bash Shell
10 127 (5.93%) Java 8
11 106 (4.95%) TypeScript
12 100 (4.67%) Groovy
13 94 (4.39%) Shell Script
14 88 (4.11%) PHP
15 77 (3.59%) Perl
16 65 (3.03%) PowerShell
17 64 (2.99%) C++
18 43 (2.01%) R
19 37 (1.73%) Go
20 24 (1.12%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 290 (13.53%) Security Cleared
2 209 (9.75%) SC Cleared
3 127 (5.93%) Degree
4 88 (4.11%) BPSS Clearance
5 41 (1.91%) AWS Certification
6 37 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
7 34 (1.59%) DBS Check
8 24 (1.12%) CISSP
8 24 (1.12%) ISTQB
9 22 (1.03%) ISEB
10 20 (0.93%) Master's Degree
11 19 (0.89%) TOGAF Certification
12 18 (0.84%) SANS
13 15 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 13 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
15 12 (0.56%) OSCP
16 10 (0.47%) SSCP
17 9 (0.42%) BC Cleared
17 9 (0.42%) DV Cleared
17 9 (0.42%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (4.62%) QA
2 26 (1.21%) Disclosure Scotland
3 23 (1.07%) GDPR
4 10 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.37%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.33%) SLA
7 6 (0.28%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.28%) NIST
8 4 (0.19%) WCAG
9 3 (0.14%) GxP
9 3 (0.14%) NCSC
9 3 (0.14%) PMO
9 3 (0.14%) PSD2
10 2 (0.093%) HL7
11 1 (0.047%) GLBA
11 1 (0.047%) Government Security Classifications
11 1 (0.047%) JTAG
11 1 (0.047%) OASIS TOSCA
11 1 (0.047%) RMADS
11 1 (0.047%) TARGET2
System Software
1 499 (23.29%) Docker
2 102 (4.76%) Virtual Machines
3 91 (4.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (1.40%) vSphere
4 30 (1.40%) Xen
5 21 (0.98%) Active Directory
6 17 (0.79%) Apache Flume
6 17 (0.79%) Postfix
7 14 (0.65%) HDFS
7 14 (0.65%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
9 8 (0.37%) KVM
10 6 (0.28%) Sendmail
11 5 (0.23%) Snort
11 5 (0.23%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 5 (0.23%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 4 (0.19%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 3 (0.14%) Gluster
13 3 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
14 2 (0.093%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 361 (16.85%) Kubernetes
2 340 (15.87%) Ansible
3 309 (14.42%) Puppet
4 276 (12.88%) Terraform
5 169 (7.89%) Opscode Chef
6 59 (2.75%) Grafana
7 49 (2.29%) Kibana
8 32 (1.49%) Nmap
9 31 (1.45%) Nessus
10 27 (1.26%) Consul
10 27 (1.26%) Packer
11 21 (0.98%) Prometheus
12 16 (0.75%) Red Hat Satellite
13 14 (0.65%) SCCM
14 13 (0.61%) Rancher
15 12 (0.56%) WSUS
16 11 (0.51%) Network Intrusion Detection System
16 11 (0.51%) QRadar
17 10 (0.47%) Data Guard
17 10 (0.47%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 205 (9.57%) Microsoft
2 177 (8.26%) Google
3 136 (6.35%) Oracle
4 105 (4.90%) VMware
5 58 (2.71%) Splunk
6 57 (2.66%) IBM
7 54 (2.52%) Red Hat
8 45 (2.10%) MuleSoft
9 36 (1.68%) Cisco
10 32 (1.49%) HP
11 31 (1.45%) Apple
11 31 (1.45%) SAP
12 27 (1.26%) BMC
12 27 (1.26%) Databricks
13 23 (1.07%) Facebook
14 22 (1.03%) TIBCO
15 21 (0.98%) AlienVault
16 20 (0.93%) hybris
17 18 (0.84%) Citrix
18 17 (0.79%) Atlassian