Period
to 19 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 19 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 130 96 93
Rank change year-on-year -34 -3 -11
Contract jobs citing Open Source 1,395 2,561 2,568
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.95% 2.59% 2.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.28% 2.97% 2.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 973 1,658 1,935
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £503
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +4.48% +5.79%
10th Percentile £363 £368 £363
90th Percentile £725 £700 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 14 15
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -17.65% -5.56%
10th Percentile £24.40 £27.98 £13.31
90th Percentile £50.00 £53.75 £49.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 61,131 86,207 86,401
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.27% 87.29% 86.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 39,793 56,918 57,758
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £407
% change year-on-year +1.18% +4.42% +1.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,035 2,180 2,036
UK median hourly rate £23.00 £23.42 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.77% +1.80% -0.41%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.01 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.40 £23.50
% change year-on-year -6.24% -4.69% +4.44%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 19 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source over the 6 months to 19 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in the UK

Open Source
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 1,326 £550 +4.76% 491
London -13 738 £575 +4.55% 229
UK excluding London -45 625 £500 - 302
North of England +9 217 £525 - 91
South East -71 141 £475 -5.00% 71
South West +6 91 £550 +10.00% 37
Midlands -19 87 £498 -0.40% 42
Yorkshire +17 86 £525 +5.00% 31
West Midlands -10 77 £498 +9.04% 24
North West -16 72 £550 -18.52% 54
North East +17 61 £463 -7.50% 6
East of England -8 51 £450 -10.00% 21
Scotland -42 39 £585 -2.50% 26
East Midlands +3 12 £650 +30.00% 18
Wales -11 2 £550 -8.33% 12

For the 6 months to 19 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Open Source.

1 752 (53.91%) Agile Software Development
2 608 (43.58%) Java
3 522 (37.42%) AWS
4 485 (34.77%) DevOps
5 403 (28.89%) Python
6 385 (27.60%) JavaScript
7 380 (27.24%) Jenkins
8 365 (26.16%) Linux
9 351 (25.16%) Git (software)
10 328 (23.51%) Security Cleared
11 322 (23.08%) Continuous Integration
12 311 (22.29%) Microservices
13 305 (21.86%) Test Automation
14 294 (21.08%) Docker
15 277 (19.86%) Azure
16 272 (19.50%) Web Services
17 268 (19.21%) TDD
18 236 (16.92%) SC Cleared
18 236 (16.92%) Node.js
19 230 (16.49%) AngularJS
20 216 (15.48%) Ansible
20 216 (15.48%) Scrum
21 213 (15.27%) Spring
21 213 (15.27%) SQL
22 202 (14.48%) Kubernetes
23 201 (14.41%) Configuration Management
24 192 (13.76%) CSS
25 188 (13.48%) HTML
26 179 (12.83%) Software Engineering
26 179 (12.83%) Public Sector

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (6.59%) Confluence
2 85 (6.09%) Apache
3 77 (5.52%) Tomcat
4 68 (4.87%) Apache Spark
5 66 (4.73%) nginx
6 58 (4.16%) Elasticsearch
7 51 (3.66%) IIS
8 44 (3.15%) WebSphere
9 39 (2.80%) Jetty
10 35 (2.51%) Mongrel
11 30 (2.15%) Drupal
11 30 (2.15%) WebLogic
12 23 (1.65%) JBoss
12 23 (1.65%) SharePoint
13 21 (1.51%) CMS
14 20 (1.43%) Cloud Foundry
15 14 (1.00%) OpenStack
16 12 (0.86%) ArcGIS
16 12 (0.86%) GeoServer
17 9 (0.65%) Jupyter
Applications
1 46 (3.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 29 (2.08%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 28 (2.01%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.50%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.14%) PlantUML
7 1 (0.072%) Adobe Captivate
7 1 (0.072%) MicroStation
7 1 (0.072%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 30 (2.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.72%) Magento
3 9 (0.65%) FINCAD Analytics
4 3 (0.22%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.14%) Hyperion Planning
6 1 (0.072%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.072%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.072%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.072%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.072%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.072%) SAP IS-U
6 1 (0.072%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 522 (37.42%) AWS
2 277 (19.86%) Azure
3 167 (11.97%) GitHub
4 159 (11.40%) GCP
5 115 (8.24%) Amazon EC2
6 85 (6.09%) Serverless
7 71 (5.09%) Amazon SQS
8 58 (4.16%) PaaS
9 45 (3.23%) AWS Lambda
9 45 (3.23%) SaaS
10 44 (3.15%) Google Analytics
11 37 (2.65%) Google App Engine
11 37 (2.65%) OpenShift
12 31 (2.22%) AWS CloudFormation
13 30 (2.15%) Azure Functions
14 29 (2.08%) Amazon ECS
14 29 (2.08%) Amazon S3
14 29 (2.08%) Azure Active Directory
14 29 (2.08%) Dynamics 365
15 26 (1.86%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 130 (9.32%) HTTP
2 111 (7.96%) TCP/IP
3 94 (6.74%) SSL
4 64 (4.59%) DNS
5 49 (3.51%) DHCP
6 43 (3.08%) IPsec
7 41 (2.94%) FTP
8 33 (2.37%) Firewall
9 30 (2.15%) Internet
10 19 (1.36%) VPN
11 18 (1.29%) Kerberos
12 11 (0.79%) Network Security
13 10 (0.72%) HTTPS
14 8 (0.57%) BGP
14 8 (0.57%) IPv4
14 8 (0.57%) IPv6
14 8 (0.57%) UPnP
14 8 (0.57%) VoIP
14 8 (0.57%) Wireshark
14 8 (0.57%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (8.89%) PostgreSQL
2 113 (8.10%) NoSQL
3 95 (6.81%) MySQL
4 84 (6.02%) Hadoop
5 82 (5.88%) Big Data
5 82 (5.88%) MongoDB
6 81 (5.81%) SQL Server
7 70 (5.02%) Amazon RDS
8 60 (4.30%) Relational Database
9 37 (2.65%) Amazon Redshift
10 30 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
11 26 (1.86%) Power BI
12 24 (1.72%) GIS
13 23 (1.65%) Oracle Database
14 20 (1.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 19 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
16 18 (1.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 17 (1.22%) Apache Hive
17 17 (1.22%) Oracle Database 12c
18 15 (1.08%) HBase
Development Applications
1 380 (27.24%) Jenkins
2 351 (25.16%) Git (software)
3 153 (10.97%) JUnit
4 145 (10.39%) Maven
5 136 (9.75%) JIRA
6 119 (8.53%) Selenium
7 98 (7.03%) Mockito
8 94 (6.74%) Cucumber
9 93 (6.67%) SonarQube
10 67 (4.80%) Gatling
11 66 (4.73%) jMock
12 63 (4.52%) DbUnit
13 59 (4.23%) Gradle
13 59 (4.23%) Travis CI
14 44 (3.15%) Visual Studio
15 38 (2.72%) GitLab
16 36 (2.58%) gulp
17 33 (2.37%) Artifactory
18 32 (2.29%) Ant
19 27 (1.94%) Subversion
General
1 179 (12.83%) Public Sector
2 165 (11.83%) Finance
3 73 (5.23%) Front Office
4 50 (3.58%) Banking
5 27 (1.94%) Marketing
6 25 (1.79%) Telecoms
7 24 (1.72%) Games
8 22 (1.58%) Investment Banking
9 17 (1.22%) Legal
9 17 (1.22%) Manufacturing
10 13 (0.93%) Electronics
10 13 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
10 13 (0.93%) Retail
11 10 (0.72%) Publishing
11 10 (0.72%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.29%) Law
13 3 (0.22%) Advertising
13 3 (0.22%) Back Office
14 2 (0.14%) Automotive
14 2 (0.14%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 539 (38.64%) Developer
2 205 (14.70%) Architect
3 182 (13.05%) Java Developer
4 181 (12.97%) DevOps Engineer
5 72 (5.16%) Technical Architect
6 64 (4.59%) JavaScript Developer
7 63 (4.52%) Software Engineer
8 62 (4.44%) AWS Engineer
9 61 (4.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 56 (4.01%) Senior Developer
11 54 (3.87%) React Developer
12 52 (3.73%) Analyst
13 47 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
14 44 (3.15%) Solutions Architect
15 42 (3.01%) AWS DevOps
16 41 (2.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 40 (2.87%) Cloud Engineer
18 37 (2.65%) Python Developer
19 36 (2.58%) Consultant
19 36 (2.58%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 272 (19.50%) Web Services
2 236 (16.92%) Node.js
3 230 (16.49%) AngularJS
4 213 (15.27%) Spring
5 192 (13.76%) CSS
6 188 (13.48%) HTML
7 178 (12.76%) RESTful
8 161 (11.54%) REST
9 150 (10.75%) React
10 120 (8.60%) SOAP
11 113 (8.10%) .NET
12 110 (7.89%) XML
13 97 (6.95%) JSON
14 91 (6.52%) HTML5
14 91 (6.52%) Kafka
15 82 (5.88%) J2EE
16 80 (5.73%) Spring Boot
17 63 (4.52%) PowerMock
17 63 (4.52%) RabbitMQ
18 55 (3.94%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 125 (8.96%) Greenfield Project
2 80 (5.73%) Blog
3 69 (4.95%) Fixed Income
4 68 (4.87%) User Experience
5 65 (4.66%) Public Cloud
6 64 (4.59%) Derivative
7 56 (4.01%) Analytical Skills
8 52 (3.73%) Equities
9 49 (3.51%) Data Centre
10 45 (3.23%) Algorithms
11 44 (3.15%) Hedge funds
12 39 (2.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 37 (2.65%) Data Structures
14 25 (1.79%) Management Information System
15 22 (1.58%) Mobile App
16 21 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
16 21 (1.51%) PKI
17 19 (1.36%) Private Cloud
18 16 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
19 14 (1.00%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 365 (26.16%) Linux
2 132 (9.46%) Unix
3 101 (7.24%) Windows
4 78 (5.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 58 (4.16%) Ubuntu
6 36 (2.58%) CentOS
7 31 (2.22%) Android
8 28 (2.01%) Apple iOS
9 19 (1.36%) Windows Server
10 17 (1.22%) Mac OS X
11 15 (1.08%) Debian
12 8 (0.57%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.43%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.29%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 4 (0.29%) VMS
16 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
16 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
17 2 (0.14%) CoreOS
17 2 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 752 (53.91%) Agile Software Development
2 485 (34.77%) DevOps
3 322 (23.08%) Continuous Integration
4 311 (22.29%) Microservices
5 305 (21.86%) Test Automation
6 268 (19.21%) TDD
7 216 (15.48%) Scrum
8 201 (14.41%) Configuration Management
9 179 (12.83%) Software Engineering
10 146 (10.47%) BDD
11 118 (8.46%) Continuous Delivery
12 114 (8.17%) Analytics
13 109 (7.81%) Mentoring
14 101 (7.24%) OO
15 99 (7.10%) Migration
16 97 (6.95%) Kanban
17 96 (6.88%) Front End Development
18 95 (6.81%) Computer Science
19 88 (6.31%) Problem-Solving
20 79 (5.66%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 608 (43.58%) Java
2 403 (28.89%) Python
3 385 (27.60%) JavaScript
4 213 (15.27%) SQL
5 159 (11.40%) Ruby
6 152 (10.90%) C#
7 99 (7.10%) C++
8 95 (6.81%) Scala
9 86 (6.16%) Bash Shell
10 83 (5.95%) Java 8
11 78 (5.59%) ES6
12 53 (3.80%) Perl
13 48 (3.44%) PHP
13 48 (3.44%) Shell Script
14 47 (3.37%) C
14 47 (3.37%) PowerShell
15 46 (3.30%) Go
15 46 (3.30%) R
16 45 (3.23%) Groovy
17 33 (2.37%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 328 (23.51%) Security Cleared
2 236 (16.92%) SC Cleared
3 101 (7.24%) Degree
4 51 (3.66%) BPSS Clearance
5 38 (2.72%) ISTQB
6 36 (2.58%) ISEB
7 32 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
8 30 (2.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 25 (1.79%) PhD
10 21 (1.51%) DV Cleared
11 17 (1.22%) CISSP
12 15 (1.08%) Master's Degree
12 15 (1.08%) RHCE
13 8 (0.57%) AWS Certification
13 8 (0.57%) DBS Check
14 6 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
14 6 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
14 6 (0.43%) Postgraduate
15 5 (0.36%) CEH
15 5 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (6.16%) QA
2 24 (1.72%) WCAG
3 22 (1.58%) NCSC
4 9 (0.65%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (0.43%) GDPR
6 4 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.29%) SLA
7 3 (0.22%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.22%) Government Security Classifications
7 3 (0.22%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.22%) PMO
8 2 (0.14%) HL7
8 2 (0.14%) NIST
9 1 (0.072%) COBIT
9 1 (0.072%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.072%) RMADS
9 1 (0.072%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 294 (21.08%) Docker
2 72 (5.16%) VMware Infrastructure
3 47 (3.37%) Postfix
4 38 (2.72%) Active Directory
5 36 (2.58%) Xen
6 33 (2.37%) Virtual Machines
7 15 (1.08%) vSphere
8 10 (0.72%) Oracle RAC
9 9 (0.65%) KVM
10 8 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.50%) HDFS
11 7 (0.50%) iptables
12 5 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
13 4 (0.29%) Hyper-V
13 4 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
14 3 (0.22%) BitLocker
14 3 (0.22%) Firmware
14 3 (0.22%) NFS
14 3 (0.22%) vCloud
15 2 (0.14%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 216 (15.48%) Ansible
2 202 (14.48%) Kubernetes
3 172 (12.33%) Terraform
4 145 (10.39%) Puppet
5 112 (8.03%) Opscode Chef
6 62 (4.44%) Grafana
7 43 (3.08%) Kibana
8 28 (2.01%) Nagios
9 27 (1.94%) Prometheus
10 14 (1.00%) Salt
11 13 (0.93%) Packer
12 11 (0.79%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 10 (0.72%) Data Guard
13 10 (0.72%) logstash
13 10 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
13 10 (0.72%) Suricata
14 8 (0.57%) HP ALM
14 8 (0.57%) yum
15 7 (0.50%) SCCM
16 6 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 155 (11.11%) Microsoft
2 124 (8.89%) Google
3 115 (8.24%) Oracle
4 72 (5.16%) VMware
5 43 (3.08%) Splunk
6 41 (2.94%) Red Hat
7 25 (1.79%) Sparx
8 20 (1.43%) New Relic
9 18 (1.29%) Cisco
10 17 (1.22%) HP
11 15 (1.08%) SAP
12 14 (1.00%) Atlassian
13 13 (0.93%) ServiceNow
14 12 (0.86%) Adobe
14 12 (0.86%) Cloudera
14 12 (0.86%) Qualys
14 12 (0.86%) webMethods
15 10 (0.72%) Bloomberg
16 9 (0.65%) Apple
16 9 (0.65%) IBM