Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PL/SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PL/SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PL/SQL (PLSQL)
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 256 190 262
Rank change year-on-year -66 +72 -13
Contract jobs citing PL/SQL 839 430 921
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.05% 1.45% 1.04%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.64% 3.42% 2.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 537 284 585
10th Percentile £375 £350 £340
25th Percentile £425 £404 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £600 £546 £538
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 9 5
10th Percentile £44.89 £42.00 £16.97
25th Percentile £44.90 £50.00 £21.42
Median hourly rate £50.38 £54.09 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.85% +8.17% +2.56%
75th Percentile £58.44 £55.63 £53.75
90th Percentile £66.00 £57.17 £65.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £56.25 £54.09 £51.25
% change year-on-year +4.00% +5.53% +5.13%

PL/SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 31,807 12,585 37,286
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.79% 42.33% 42.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,726 8,808 26,104
10th Percentile £356 £313 £320
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £523 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.18% +2.63% -
75th Percentile £623 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £431 £425
% change year-on-year +4.41% +1.41% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 461 248 642
10th Percentile £16.49 £12.93 £19.18
25th Percentile £25.25 £20.59 £34.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £39.00 £44.96
Median % change year-on-year +15.38% -13.25% +8.25%
75th Percentile £57.82 £47.50 £51.00
90th Percentile £66.75 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year +7.14% -4.55% +4.76%

PL/SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PL/SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PL/SQL.

Daily rate trend for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PL/SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PL/SQL.

Hourly rate trend for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PL/SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PL/SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -59 669 £525 +16.67% 140
London -12 366 £575 +27.78% 67
UK excluding London -91 348 £450 - 84
Work from Home -99 209 £500 +12.61% 19
Midlands +15 136 £495 +15.65% 24
West Midlands +10 124 £495 +16.06% 17
Scotland -26 81 £450 +5.88% 11
South East -130 61 £435 -8.42% 20
North of England -56 39 £475 - 18
North West -45 18 £475 -2.31% 7
Yorkshire -43 16 £478 +9.14% 10
East of England -38 15 £500 +5.26% 3
South West -53 15 £525 +25.00% 8
East Midlands -26 11 £450 -11.76% 7
North East -3 9 £575 +6.48% 1
Wales -30 3 £525 +10.53%

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PL/SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PL/SQL.

1 824 (98.21%) SQL
2 752 (89.63%) Oracle
3 360 (42.91%) Agile Software Development
4 313 (37.31%) Java
5 205 (24.43%) Social Skills
6 203 (24.20%) Finance
7 197 (23.48%) Oracle Database
8 195 (23.24%) Unix
8 195 (23.24%) Business Intelligence
9 173 (20.62%) Linux
10 171 (20.38%) ETL
11 163 (19.43%) .NET
12 162 (19.31%) Git (software)
13 160 (19.07%) Azure
14 156 (18.59%) Python
15 155 (18.47%) C#
16 153 (18.24%) AWS
17 152 (18.12%) Shell Script
18 146 (17.40%) Data Modelling
19 144 (17.16%) DevOps
20 143 (17.04%) Spring
21 136 (16.21%) Software Engineering
22 134 (15.97%) JIRA
23 129 (15.38%) Banking
23 129 (15.38%) Jenkins
24 128 (15.26%) Windows
25 127 (15.14%) Security Cleared
26 126 (15.02%) WebLogic
26 126 (15.02%) Data Warehouse
27 123 (14.66%) Test Strategy

PL/SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 126 (15.02%) WebLogic
2 99 (11.80%) Confluence
3 40 (4.77%) Apache Spark
3 40 (4.77%) SAS
4 38 (4.53%) BizTalk Server
5 33 (3.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 31 (3.69%) Tomcat
7 20 (2.38%) Oracle Workflow
8 14 (1.67%) Elasticsearch
8 14 (1.67%) IIS
9 12 (1.43%) Apache
9 12 (1.43%) JBoss
9 12 (1.43%) Red Hat Fuse
10 9 (1.07%) Apache Airflow
11 6 (0.72%) SharePoint
12 5 (0.60%) Luigi
13 4 (0.48%) Oracle Service Bus
13 4 (0.48%) WebSphere
14 3 (0.36%) Mule
14 3 (0.36%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 36 (4.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.12%) Oracle Smart View
3 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.12%) SPSS
3 1 (0.12%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 41 (4.89%) Oracle EBS
2 26 (3.10%) Oracle ERP
3 18 (2.15%) Oracle EBS R12
4 15 (1.79%) Oracle Applications
4 15 (1.79%) Oracle Payables
5 12 (1.43%) Oracle Receivables
6 9 (1.07%) Oracle General Ledger
7 7 (0.83%) Oracle Financials
8 6 (0.72%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 6 (0.72%) Oracle Retail
9 5 (0.60%) iTrent
9 5 (0.60%) Oracle Payroll
9 5 (0.60%) SAP FI-CA
9 5 (0.60%) SAP PSCD
10 4 (0.48%) Oracle Assets
10 4 (0.48%) Unit4 Business World
11 3 (0.36%) Maximo
11 3 (0.36%) Oracle FAH
11 3 (0.36%) Oracle iProcurement
12 2 (0.24%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 160 (19.07%) Azure
2 153 (18.24%) AWS
3 48 (5.72%) Serverless
4 44 (5.24%) AWS Lambda
5 35 (4.17%) Azure Logic Apps
5 35 (4.17%) Azure Storage
6 34 (4.05%) Azure Cosmos DB
6 34 (4.05%) Azure Functions
7 27 (3.22%) Amazon S3
7 27 (3.22%) Power Platform
8 23 (2.74%) GitHub
9 22 (2.62%) PaaS
10 18 (2.15%) GCP
11 17 (2.03%) SaaS
12 16 (1.91%) Snowflake
13 14 (1.67%) IaaS
14 11 (1.31%) Google Analytics
15 9 (1.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 8 (0.95%) Amazon EMR
16 8 (0.95%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 29 (3.46%) TCP/IP
2 27 (3.22%) SSL
3 9 (1.07%) Internet
3 9 (1.07%) VPN
4 7 (0.83%) DNS
4 7 (0.83%) Firewall
5 4 (0.48%) Kerberos
5 4 (0.48%) SAN
6 3 (0.36%) Broadband
6 3 (0.36%) Intranet
7 2 (0.24%) FTP
7 2 (0.24%) HTTP
7 2 (0.24%) IMAP
7 2 (0.24%) SMS
7 2 (0.24%) WAN
7 2 (0.24%) Wireshark
8 1 (0.12%) FDDI
8 1 (0.12%) SSH
8 1 (0.12%) VLAN
8 1 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 197 (23.48%) Oracle Database
2 126 (15.02%) Data Warehouse
3 116 (13.83%) SQL Server
4 77 (9.18%) Oracle Database 12c
5 72 (8.58%) Oracle Reports
6 69 (8.22%) Relational Database
7 61 (7.27%) MongoDB
7 61 (7.27%) MySQL
8 60 (7.15%) PostgreSQL
9 57 (6.79%) BusinessObjects
10 49 (5.84%) Azure SQL Database
11 45 (5.36%) Apache Hive
11 45 (5.36%) Oracle Database 11g
12 43 (5.13%) Hadoop
13 36 (4.29%) Oracle ODI
14 35 (4.17%) Big Data
15 34 (4.05%) RDBMS
16 33 (3.93%) Hazelcast
17 30 (3.58%) Oracle BI Publisher
18 29 (3.46%) Redis
Development Applications
1 162 (19.31%) Git (software)
2 134 (15.97%) JIRA
3 129 (15.38%) Jenkins
4 76 (9.06%) Maven
5 61 (7.27%) Bitbucket
6 34 (4.05%) GitLab
6 34 (4.05%) Team Foundation Server
7 29 (3.46%) Oracle APEX
8 28 (3.34%) Oracle Forms
9 26 (3.10%) CA Gen
10 24 (2.86%) Postman
10 24 (2.86%) SoapUI
11 21 (2.50%) Cucumber
11 21 (2.50%) Subversion
11 21 (2.50%) TeamCity
12 20 (2.38%) JUnit
13 18 (2.15%) ERwin
14 16 (1.91%) Hudson
15 13 (1.55%) IntelliJ
16 11 (1.31%) Gradle
General
1 205 (24.43%) Social Skills
2 203 (24.20%) Finance
3 129 (15.38%) Banking
4 90 (10.73%) Analytical Skills
5 89 (10.61%) Public Sector
6 63 (7.51%) Investment Banking
7 27 (3.22%) Front Office
8 19 (2.26%) Telecoms
9 13 (1.55%) Retail
10 12 (1.43%) Documentation Skills
10 12 (1.43%) Presentation Skills
11 11 (1.31%) Manufacturing
12 8 (0.95%) Electronics
12 8 (0.95%) General Ledger
12 8 (0.95%) Marketing
13 6 (0.72%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.72%) Local Government
14 5 (0.60%) Legal
15 3 (0.36%) Back Office
15 3 (0.36%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 449 (53.52%) Developer
2 115 (13.71%) Java Developer
3 104 (12.40%) Oracle Developer
4 76 (9.06%) Consultant
5 71 (8.46%) C# Developer
5 71 (8.46%) Senior Developer
6 67 (7.99%) SQL Developer
7 57 (6.79%) Data Engineer
7 57 (6.79%) Software Engineer
8 49 (5.84%) .NET Developer
8 49 (5.84%) DBA
9 44 (5.24%) Oracle DBA
10 39 (4.65%) Senior Java Developer
11 37 (4.41%) PL/SQL Developer
12 34 (4.05%) Analyst
13 32 (3.81%) C# .NET Developer
13 32 (3.81%) Oracle Consultant
14 31 (3.69%) Azure Developer
14 31 (3.69%) Scala Developer
15 24 (2.86%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 163 (19.43%) .NET
2 143 (17.04%) Spring
3 114 (13.59%) J2EE
4 101 (12.04%) Spring Boot
5 96 (11.44%) JSON
6 90 (10.73%) .NET Core
7 67 (7.99%) .NET Framework
8 66 (7.87%) XML
9 57 (6.79%) AngularJS
9 57 (6.79%) RESTful
10 56 (6.67%) Web Services
11 54 (6.44%) ASP.NET
11 54 (6.44%) HTML
11 54 (6.44%) WinForms
12 51 (6.08%) REST
13 48 (5.72%) Kafka
14 47 (5.60%) RabbitMQ
15 43 (5.13%) CSS
16 39 (4.65%) Oracle GoldenGate
17 38 (4.53%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 49 (5.84%) Data Structures
1 49 (5.84%) Legacy Systems
2 43 (5.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 42 (5.01%) Cloud Native
4 36 (4.29%) Derivative
5 34 (4.05%) Algorithms
6 31 (3.69%) Replication
7 21 (2.50%) Data Protection Act
8 15 (1.79%) Legacy Applications
9 12 (1.43%) Clustering
9 12 (1.43%) Fixed Income
9 12 (1.43%) Management Information System
10 10 (1.19%) Credit Risk
11 9 (1.07%) Data Centre
11 9 (1.07%) Public Cloud
11 9 (1.07%) User Experience
12 8 (0.95%) Hybrid Cloud
13 7 (0.83%) Enterprise Software
13 7 (0.83%) Self-Motivation
14 6 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 195 (23.24%) Unix
2 173 (20.62%) Linux
3 128 (15.26%) Windows
4 19 (2.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (1.55%) Solaris
6 10 (1.19%) Oracle Linux
7 9 (1.07%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.72%) AIX
9 4 (0.48%) SUSE
9 4 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (0.48%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (0.36%) zOS
11 2 (0.24%) CentOS
11 2 (0.24%) HPUX
11 2 (0.24%) Kali Linux
11 2 (0.24%) openSUSE
11 2 (0.24%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.12%) Android
12 1 (0.12%) Apple iOS
12 1 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 360 (42.91%) Agile Software Development
2 195 (23.24%) Business Intelligence
3 171 (20.38%) ETL
4 146 (17.40%) Data Modelling
5 144 (17.16%) DevOps
6 136 (16.21%) Software Engineering
7 123 (14.66%) Test Strategy
8 120 (14.30%) Scrum
9 117 (13.95%) Analytics
9 117 (13.95%) Microservices
10 106 (12.63%) Configuration Management
11 101 (12.04%) Problem-Solving
11 101 (12.04%) Process Improvement
12 94 (11.20%) Migration
13 83 (9.89%) Performance Tuning
14 82 (9.77%) Test Automation
15 80 (9.54%) OO
16 79 (9.42%) Problem Management
17 77 (9.18%) Continuous Integration
18 70 (8.34%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 824 (98.21%) SQL
2 313 (37.31%) Java
3 156 (18.59%) Python
4 155 (18.47%) C#
5 152 (18.12%) Shell Script
6 120 (14.30%) Java 8
7 119 (14.18%) Scala
8 96 (11.44%) T-SQL
9 82 (9.77%) JavaScript
10 57 (6.79%) Perl
11 40 (4.77%) C++
12 34 (4.05%) Go
13 31 (3.69%) VBA
14 28 (3.34%) Haskell
15 24 (2.86%) HiveQL
16 21 (2.50%) TypeScript
17 17 (2.03%) VB
18 16 (1.91%) COBOL
19 15 (1.79%) PowerShell
19 15 (1.79%) R
Qualifications
1 127 (15.14%) Security Cleared
2 106 (12.63%) SC Cleared
3 44 (5.24%) Degree
4 20 (2.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (1.31%) ISTQB
6 8 (0.95%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.83%) ISEB
7 7 (0.83%) Oracle Certification
8 6 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.72%) OCP
9 4 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.12%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.12%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (5.24%) QA
2 31 (3.69%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.95%) FINREP
4 6 (0.72%) COREP
5 5 (0.60%) Accessibility
5 5 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.36%) GDPR
6 3 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.24%) IFRS
7 2 (0.24%) IFRS 9
7 2 (0.24%) NCSC
7 2 (0.24%) SLA
8 1 (0.12%) GMP
8 1 (0.12%) HL7
8 1 (0.12%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 56 (6.67%) Docker
2 31 (3.69%) Oracle RAC
3 26 (3.10%) HDFS
4 11 (1.31%) Active Directory
5 9 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.12%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.12%) Firmware
8 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 88 (10.49%) Kubernetes
2 78 (9.30%) Ansible
3 30 (3.58%) Data Guard
4 27 (3.22%) Kibana
5 20 (2.38%) Oracle RMAN
6 18 (2.15%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 13 (1.55%) Terraform
8 12 (1.43%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
8 12 (1.43%) Oozie
8 12 (1.43%) Single Sign-On
9 11 (1.31%) Control-M
9 11 (1.31%) Rancher
10 10 (1.19%) logstash
10 10 (1.19%) Puppet
11 8 (0.95%) Docker Swarm
12 7 (0.83%) Grafana
13 4 (0.48%) Nessus
13 4 (0.48%) QRadar
14 3 (0.36%) Nagios
14 3 (0.36%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 752 (89.63%) Oracle
2 101 (12.04%) Informatica
3 92 (10.97%) BEA
4 82 (9.77%) webMethods
5 53 (6.32%) MuleSoft
6 47 (5.60%) SAP
7 40 (4.77%) Talend
8 38 (4.53%) Microsoft
9 34 (4.05%) WSO2
10 22 (2.62%) Pega
11 19 (2.26%) Red Hat
12 17 (2.03%) IBM
13 15 (1.79%) Splunk
14 14 (1.67%) Google
15 13 (1.55%) Cloudera
16 11 (1.31%) Sybase
17 8 (0.95%) Citrix
17 8 (0.95%) JDA
17 8 (0.95%) Serena
17 8 (0.95%) VMware