Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PL/SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PL/SQL over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PL/SQL (PLSQL)
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 170 203 257
Rank change year-on-year +33 +54 -16
Contract jobs citing PL/SQL 735 737 1,027
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.41% 1.24% 1.06%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.47% 3.05% 2.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 471 470 656
10th Percentile £350 £360 £320
25th Percentile £400 £413 £366
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £463 £475 £425
Median % change year-on-year -2.63% +11.76% -
75th Percentile £566 £570 £525
90th Percentile £625 £650 £623
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £453 £413
% change year-on-year -6.08% +9.70% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 8 7
10th Percentile £22.22 £17.46 £16.75
25th Percentile £30.00 £18.44 £20.31
Median hourly rate £55.00 £21.00 £24.50
Median % change year-on-year +161.90% -14.29% -38.75%
75th Percentile £62.02 £47.93 £49.38
90th Percentile £68.00 £54.00 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £21.00 £34.93
% change year-on-year +138.10% -39.88% -12.68%

PL/SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 21,191 24,190 41,532
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.54% 40.56% 43.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,931 16,999 29,364
10th Percentile £320 £325 £323
25th Percentile £400 £400 £394
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £485 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -4.49% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 455 462 635
10th Percentile £15.46 £17.28 £17.03
25th Percentile £25.00 £22.55 £24.38
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%
75th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.75
90th Percentile £61.25 £57.40 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £42.81
% change year-on-year -5.88% -0.72% +7.02%

PL/SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PL/SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PL/SQL.

Daily rate trend for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PL/SQL over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PL/SQL.

Hourly rate trend for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PL/SQL over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PL/SQL in the UK

PL/SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PL/SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +33 576 £475 - 111
UK excluding London +55 334 £425 -6.08% 89
London +16 284 £525 +5.00% 37
Work from Home -92 186 £450 -10.00% 19
Midlands +40 95 £405 -4.71% 25
West Midlands +42 90 £405 -3.57% 13
South East -24 69 £496 -0.78% 21
North of England +67 58 £413 -1.49% 15
Scotland +40 55 £413 -13.16% 13
North West +33 30 £400 -1.54% 9
South West +73 24 £500 +8.70% 10
East of England +30 20 £450 +20.00% 2
Yorkshire +37 17 £450 +5.88% 5
Wales +23 13 £475 +31.03% 3
North East +36 11 £470 +10.59% 1
East Midlands +4 4 £400 -20.00% 11
Northern Ireland +10 1 £431 +31.40%

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PL/SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PL/SQL.

1 718 (97.69%) SQL
2 659 (89.66%) Oracle
3 242 (32.93%) Agile Software Development
4 231 (31.43%) Java
5 192 (26.12%) Business Intelligence
6 176 (23.95%) Unix
7 166 (22.59%) Oracle Database
8 145 (19.73%) Finance
9 127 (17.28%) WebLogic
10 125 (17.01%) C#
10 125 (17.01%) Python
11 124 (16.87%) Data Modelling
12 120 (16.33%) Software Engineering
13 119 (16.19%) Test Strategy
14 116 (15.78%) .NET
14 116 (15.78%) Shell Script
15 111 (15.10%) J2EE
16 105 (14.29%) Linux
17 103 (14.01%) Azure
18 101 (13.74%) T-SQL
18 101 (13.74%) Scrum
19 98 (13.33%) Migration
19 98 (13.33%) XML
20 97 (13.20%) Security Cleared
21 95 (12.93%) Process Improvement
22 94 (12.79%) Banking
23 92 (12.52%) JavaScript
24 90 (12.24%) ETL
25 89 (12.11%) DevOps
26 88 (11.97%) BEA

PL/SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (17.28%) WebLogic
2 61 (8.30%) Confluence
3 37 (5.03%) Oracle Workflow
4 33 (4.49%) BizTalk Server
5 21 (2.86%) WebSphere
6 19 (2.59%) JBoss
6 19 (2.59%) Red Hat Fuse
7 14 (1.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 14 (1.90%) SAS
7 14 (1.90%) Tomcat
8 13 (1.77%) Apache Spark
8 13 (1.77%) MQSeries
9 11 (1.50%) Apache
9 11 (1.50%) IIS
10 6 (0.82%) Oracle Self-Service HR
10 6 (0.82%) Oracle Service Bus
11 5 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
11 5 (0.68%) Jetty
11 5 (0.68%) Jupyter
12 4 (0.54%) Liferay
Applications
1 16 (2.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (1.36%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 62 (8.44%) Oracle EBS
2 44 (5.99%) Oracle EBS R12
3 34 (4.63%) Oracle Payables
4 28 (3.81%) Oracle Applications
5 27 (3.67%) Oracle General Ledger
6 25 (3.40%) Oracle Assets
7 17 (2.31%) Maximo
8 15 (2.04%) Oracle Receivables
9 12 (1.63%) SAP FI-CA
9 12 (1.63%) SAP PSCD
10 9 (1.22%) Oracle ERP
11 8 (1.09%) Oracle Retail
12 7 (0.95%) Oracle Cash Management
12 7 (0.95%) Oracle Financials
13 5 (0.68%) Remedy ITSM
14 4 (0.54%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
15 3 (0.41%) Cerner Millennium
15 3 (0.41%) Oracle BPM
15 3 (0.41%) Unit4 Business World
16 2 (0.27%) Oracle Payroll
Cloud Services
1 103 (14.01%) Azure
2 83 (11.29%) AWS
3 46 (6.26%) Serverless
4 42 (5.71%) Azure Functions
5 41 (5.58%) Logic Apps
6 37 (5.03%) AWS Lambda
7 12 (1.63%) Amazon S3
8 11 (1.50%) GitHub
9 10 (1.36%) GCP
9 10 (1.36%) Google Analytics
10 9 (1.22%) PaaS
10 9 (1.22%) Power Platform
11 7 (0.95%) Oracle CX
11 7 (0.95%) Oracle Service Cloud
12 4 (0.54%) Azure Data Factory
12 4 (0.54%) OpenShift
12 4 (0.54%) SaaS
13 3 (0.41%) Dynamics 365
13 3 (0.41%) Microsoft 365
13 3 (0.41%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.50%) SSH
2 10 (1.36%) SSL
3 7 (0.95%) SNMP
4 6 (0.82%) TCP/IP
5 4 (0.54%) SMS
5 4 (0.54%) VLAN
6 3 (0.41%) SMTP
7 2 (0.27%) DMZ
7 2 (0.27%) Firewall
7 2 (0.27%) HTTP
7 2 (0.27%) Internet
7 2 (0.27%) PuTTY
8 1 (0.14%) FTP
8 1 (0.14%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.14%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.14%) VPN
8 1 (0.14%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 166 (22.59%) Oracle Database
2 83 (11.29%) SQL Server
3 77 (10.48%) Data Warehouse
4 63 (8.57%) MongoDB
4 63 (8.57%) Oracle Reports
5 62 (8.44%) Relational Database
6 56 (7.62%) Oracle Database 11g
7 51 (6.94%) Oracle BI Publisher
8 43 (5.85%) Azure SQL Database
9 42 (5.71%) MySQL
9 42 (5.71%) Oracle Database 12c
10 39 (5.31%) Oracle ODI
11 37 (5.03%) SQLPlus
12 33 (4.49%) Tableau
13 32 (4.35%) PostgreSQL
14 27 (3.67%) RDBMS
15 25 (3.40%) Oracle BI EE
16 24 (3.27%) Star Schema
17 23 (3.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 21 (2.86%) Oracle Discoverer
Development Applications
1 74 (10.07%) Git (software)
2 72 (9.80%) JIRA
3 66 (8.98%) Jenkins
4 62 (8.44%) CA Gen
5 56 (7.62%) Oracle Forms
6 51 (6.94%) Oracle APEX
7 37 (5.03%) Maven
8 32 (4.35%) Bitbucket
9 25 (3.40%) Toad
10 19 (2.59%) Cucumber
10 19 (2.59%) SoapUI
11 18 (2.45%) Selenium
12 16 (2.18%) Gradle
13 15 (2.04%) JUnit
14 14 (1.90%) Postman
15 13 (1.77%) Visual Studio
16 11 (1.50%) Subversion
17 8 (1.09%) Ant
17 8 (1.09%) Team Foundation Server
18 7 (0.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 145 (19.73%) Finance
2 94 (12.79%) Banking
3 64 (8.71%) Public Sector
4 39 (5.31%) Investment Banking
5 27 (3.67%) Retail
6 10 (1.36%) Back Office
7 9 (1.22%) Front Office
7 9 (1.22%) Publishing
8 6 (0.82%) General Ledger
9 5 (0.68%) Law
9 5 (0.68%) Manufacturing
10 4 (0.54%) Marketing
10 4 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.41%) Advertising
11 3 (0.41%) Automotive
11 3 (0.41%) Legal
12 2 (0.27%) Local Government
12 2 (0.27%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.14%) Dutch Language
13 1 (0.14%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 385 (52.38%) Developer
2 101 (13.74%) Oracle Developer
3 84 (11.43%) Java Developer
4 67 (9.12%) Consultant
5 56 (7.62%) Analyst
6 53 (7.21%) SQL Developer
7 47 (6.39%) Senior Developer
8 46 (6.26%) Software Engineer
9 42 (5.71%) Data Engineer
9 42 (5.71%) DBA
10 39 (5.31%) .NET Developer
10 39 (5.31%) Oracle DBA
11 35 (4.76%) PL/SQL Developer
12 33 (4.49%) C# Developer
13 30 (4.08%) Architect
14 29 (3.95%) Oracle Consultant
15 26 (3.54%) Scala Developer
16 22 (2.99%) Technical Consultant
17 21 (2.86%) Python Developer
18 19 (2.59%) Business Intelligence Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 116 (15.78%) .NET
2 111 (15.10%) J2EE
3 98 (13.33%) XML
4 80 (10.88%) JSON
5 78 (10.61%) HTML
6 63 (8.57%) Spring
7 58 (7.89%) .NET Core
8 57 (7.76%) CSS
9 49 (6.67%) AngularJS
10 41 (5.58%) HTML5
11 39 (5.31%) REST
12 35 (4.76%) ASP.NET
12 35 (4.76%) RESTful
13 34 (4.63%) .NET Framework
14 32 (4.35%) Web Services
15 30 (4.08%) Kafka
15 30 (4.08%) SOAP
16 27 (3.67%) Hibernate
16 27 (3.67%) Spring Boot
17 26 (3.54%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 78 (10.61%) Analytical Skills
2 45 (6.12%) Cloud Native
3 30 (4.08%) Data Structures
4 22 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
5 19 (2.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 17 (2.31%) Derivative
7 12 (1.63%) User Experience
8 11 (1.50%) Algorithms
9 8 (1.09%) Greenfield Project
10 7 (0.95%) Clustering
11 5 (0.68%) Credit Risk
11 5 (0.68%) NHS
11 5 (0.68%) Reference Data
11 5 (0.68%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (0.68%) Virtual Team
12 4 (0.54%) N-Tier
12 4 (0.54%) Robotics
13 3 (0.41%) Equities
13 3 (0.41%) Fixed Income
13 3 (0.41%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 176 (23.95%) Unix
2 105 (14.29%) Linux
3 74 (10.07%) Windows
4 17 (2.31%) Windows Server
5 14 (1.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (1.36%) Solaris
7 7 (0.95%) Oracle Linux
8 6 (0.82%) AIX
9 5 (0.68%) CentOS
9 5 (0.68%) SUSE
10 4 (0.54%) Android
10 4 (0.54%) Apple iOS
10 4 (0.54%) Debian
10 4 (0.54%) Mac OS X
10 4 (0.54%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.54%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.14%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.14%) VMS
11 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 242 (32.93%) Agile Software Development
2 192 (26.12%) Business Intelligence
3 124 (16.87%) Data Modelling
4 120 (16.33%) Software Engineering
5 119 (16.19%) Test Strategy
6 101 (13.74%) Scrum
7 98 (13.33%) Migration
8 95 (12.93%) Process Improvement
9 90 (12.24%) ETL
10 89 (12.11%) DevOps
11 86 (11.70%) OO
12 84 (11.43%) Configuration Management
13 82 (11.16%) Problem-Solving
14 80 (10.88%) Problem Management
15 76 (10.34%) Performance Tuning
15 76 (10.34%) Waterfall
16 75 (10.20%) Microservices
16 75 (10.20%) RUP
17 57 (7.76%) SDLC
17 57 (7.76%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 718 (97.69%) SQL
2 231 (31.43%) Java
3 125 (17.01%) C#
3 125 (17.01%) Python
4 116 (15.78%) Shell Script
5 101 (13.74%) T-SQL
6 92 (12.52%) JavaScript
7 68 (9.25%) Perl
8 63 (8.57%) C++
9 55 (7.48%) Java 8
10 50 (6.80%) Scala
11 44 (5.99%) COBOL
12 37 (5.03%) C
13 36 (4.90%) Go
14 29 (3.95%) PowerShell
15 15 (2.04%) Bash Shell
16 13 (1.77%) TypeScript
16 13 (1.77%) VB
16 13 (1.77%) VBA
17 11 (1.50%) PHP
Qualifications
1 97 (13.20%) Security Cleared
2 71 (9.66%) SC Cleared
3 27 (3.67%) Degree
4 22 (2.99%) DV Cleared
5 18 (2.45%) ISTQB
6 17 (2.31%) ISEB
7 14 (1.90%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 9 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
9 8 (1.09%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.82%) TOGAF Certification
11 4 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
12 2 (0.27%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.27%) MCP
12 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.27%) OCP
12 2 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
12 2 (0.27%) SAP Certification
13 1 (0.14%) HND
13 1 (0.14%) PMI Certification
13 1 (0.14%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (3.54%) QA
2 20 (2.72%) Data Quality
3 9 (1.22%) SLA
4 6 (0.82%) FINREP
4 6 (0.82%) GDPR
4 6 (0.82%) PMO
5 4 (0.54%) COREP
5 4 (0.54%) IFRS
6 3 (0.41%) MiFID
7 2 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.27%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.14%) GAAP
8 1 (0.14%) GRC
8 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.14%) NIST
8 1 (0.14%) WCAG
System Software
1 20 (2.72%) Docker
2 17 (2.31%) Oracle RAC
3 8 (1.09%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.54%) HDFS
5 4 (0.54%) Oracle Clusterware
5 4 (0.54%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 3 (0.41%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.14%) GlusterFS
7 1 (0.14%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 55 (7.48%) Kubernetes
2 23 (3.13%) Oracle RMAN
3 20 (2.72%) Ansible
4 17 (2.31%) HP Quality Center
5 11 (1.50%) Data Guard
5 11 (1.50%) Puppet
6 8 (1.09%) Control-M
7 7 (0.95%) Failover Clustering
8 6 (0.82%) Oracle Flashback
8 6 (0.82%) Salt
8 6 (0.82%) Terraform
9 5 (0.68%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 5 (0.68%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 5 (0.68%) Rancher
10 4 (0.54%) Tivoli
11 3 (0.41%) NetBackup
12 2 (0.27%) HP ALM
12 2 (0.27%) HP Fortify
12 2 (0.27%) Opscode Chef
13 1 (0.14%) Grafana
Vendors
1 659 (89.66%) Oracle
2 88 (11.97%) BEA
3 87 (11.84%) webMethods
4 55 (7.48%) MuleSoft
5 49 (6.67%) SAP
6 46 (6.26%) Pega
7 43 (5.85%) Informatica
8 33 (4.49%) Microsoft
9 31 (4.22%) IBM
10 23 (3.13%) Red Hat
11 18 (2.45%) Google
12 17 (2.31%) CA
13 15 (2.04%) Remedy
14 14 (1.90%) Sybase
15 13 (1.77%) Axway
16 11 (1.50%) DevExpress
16 11 (1.50%) Talend
17 10 (1.36%) Guidewire
17 10 (1.36%) Serena
17 10 (1.36%) Sparx