Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > London
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 418 337 349
Rank change year-on-year -81 +12 +98
Permanent jobs citing LESS 518 705 849
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.69% 0.94% 0.95%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.77% 2.35% 2.53%
Number of salaries quoted 423 632 754
London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £79,875 £71,250
England median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,750
% change year-on-year -5.26% +3.83% +14.38%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29334 30022 33518
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 39.03% 40.11% 37.62%
Number of salaries quoted 23900 26436 28720
London median annual salary £60,000 £58,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.45% +5.45% +4.76%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £34,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in London

LESS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS in London.

Salary trend for LESS in London

LESS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in London over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Salary histogram for LESS in London

LESS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -27 95 £55,000 +10.00% 4
West London -2 33 £53,750 +7.50% 3
South London +15 20 £56,250 +50.00%
East London 0 8 £45,000 -28.00% 2
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 503 (97.10%) CSS
2 484 (93.44%) JavaScript
3 425 (82.05%) Sass
4 424 (81.85%) HTML
5 318 (61.39%) AngularJS
6 296 (57.14%) HTML5
7 289 (55.79%) CSS3
8 272 (52.51%) Front End Development
9 268 (51.74%) Agile Software Development
10 239 (46.14%) React
11 212 (40.93%) jQuery
12 211 (40.73%) Git (software)
13 177 (34.17%) User Experience
14 154 (29.73%) TDD
15 129 (24.90%) Node.js
16 126 (24.32%) gulp
17 125 (24.13%) Responsive Web Design
18 120 (23.17%) Web Development
19 117 (22.59%) MVC
20 111 (21.43%) ES6
21 106 (20.46%) Scrum
22 101 (19.50%) RESTful
23 99 (19.11%) .NET
24 98 (18.92%) Twitter Bootstrap
25 97 (18.73%) Amazon AWS
25 97 (18.73%) Unit Testing
26 96 (18.53%) Grunt
27 94 (18.15%) BDD
28 92 (17.76%) SQL
29 88 (16.99%) REST

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (12.55%) CMS
2 21 (4.05%) EPiServer
3 18 (3.47%) WordPress
4 16 (3.09%) Sitecore CMS
5 12 (2.32%) Drupal
6 10 (1.93%) Umbraco
7 8 (1.54%) Apache
8 7 (1.35%) IIS
9 6 (1.16%) Confluence
10 5 (0.97%) Apache Solr
10 5 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
10 5 (0.97%) SharePoint
10 5 (0.97%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.77%) Jetty
11 4 (0.77%) Mule
11 4 (0.77%) Mule ESB
12 2 (0.39%) Kentico
12 2 (0.39%) Orchard CMS
13 1 (0.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 1 (0.19%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 23 (4.44%) Photoshop
2 8 (1.54%) Adobe Illustrator
3 3 (0.58%) GIMP
3 3 (0.58%) HipChat
4 1 (0.19%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 14 (2.70%) Eloqua
2 7 (1.35%) Magento
3 3 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
3 3 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.58%) NetSuite
3 3 (0.58%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 97 (18.73%) Amazon AWS
2 57 (11.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 54 (10.42%) npm
4 32 (6.18%) GitHub
5 24 (4.63%) SaaS
6 9 (1.74%) Heroku
7 8 (1.54%) PaaS
8 6 (1.16%) Google Analytics
9 5 (0.97%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 5 (0.97%) Google Cloud Platform
9 5 (0.97%) Office 365
10 4 (0.77%) Azure Active Directory
11 3 (0.58%) IBM Cloud
11 3 (0.58%) SoftLayer
12 2 (0.39%) OpenShift
13 1 (0.19%) Amazon S3
13 1 (0.19%) Asana
13 1 (0.19%) Cloud Computing
13 1 (0.19%) CloudFront
13 1 (0.19%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 30 (5.79%) HTTP
2 25 (4.83%) Internet
3 5 (0.97%) DNS
4 3 (0.58%) Broadband
5 2 (0.39%) SMS
6 1 (0.19%) LDAP
6 1 (0.19%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (10.42%) SQL Server
2 42 (8.11%) MySQL
3 39 (7.53%) NoSQL
4 32 (6.18%) PostgreSQL
5 23 (4.44%) MongoDB
6 22 (4.25%) Couchbase
7 19 (3.67%) Redis
8 18 (3.47%) Azure SQL Database
9 10 (1.93%) Relational Database
10 9 (1.74%) Big Data
11 7 (1.35%) DocumentDB
12 4 (0.77%) Amazon Redshift
12 4 (0.77%) Looker
12 4 (0.77%) SQL Server 2012
13 2 (0.39%) Aerospike
13 2 (0.39%) Blockchain
13 2 (0.39%) RDBMS
13 2 (0.39%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 1 (0.19%) Event Store
14 1 (0.19%) GIS
Development Applications
1 211 (40.73%) Git (software)
2 126 (24.32%) gulp
3 96 (18.53%) Grunt
4 83 (16.02%) Jasmine
5 56 (10.81%) webpack
6 54 (10.42%) Mocha
7 51 (9.85%) Karma Test Runner
8 45 (8.69%) Bower
9 43 (8.30%) Jenkins
10 42 (8.11%) Selenium
11 37 (7.14%) TeamCity
12 32 (6.18%) JIRA
12 32 (6.18%) Team Foundation Server
13 29 (5.60%) Protractor
14 28 (5.41%) Subversion
14 28 (5.41%) Visual Studio
15 26 (5.02%) Octopus Deploy
16 21 (4.05%) Sinon.JS
17 18 (3.47%) Bitbucket
18 17 (3.28%) Babel
General
1 53 (10.23%) Finance
2 42 (8.11%) Marketing
3 29 (5.60%) Advertising
4 27 (5.21%) Retail
5 25 (4.83%) Legal
6 21 (4.05%) Banking
7 14 (2.70%) Games
8 11 (2.12%) Law
9 8 (1.54%) Publishing
10 7 (1.35%) Investment Banking
11 5 (0.97%) Back Office
11 5 (0.97%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.58%) Front Office
12 3 (0.58%) Telecoms
13 2 (0.39%) Automotive
13 2 (0.39%) French Language
14 1 (0.19%) Manufacturing
14 1 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
14 1 (0.19%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 431 (83.20%) Developer
2 212 (40.93%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 119 (22.97%) JavaScript Developer
4 99 (19.11%) Senior Developer
5 71 (13.71%) HTML Developer
6 65 (12.55%) Angular Developer
7 60 (11.58%) Full Stack Developer
8 59 (11.39%) HTML CSS Developer
8 59 (11.39%) Senior Front-End Developer
9 40 (7.72%) Web Developer
10 30 (5.79%) .NET Developer
10 30 (5.79%) UI Developer
11 27 (5.21%) Node.js Developer
12 25 (4.83%) C# Developer
12 25 (4.83%) Lead Developer
13 22 (4.25%) Junior
14 21 (4.05%) PHP Developer
15 19 (3.67%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 19 (3.67%) Junior Developer
16 18 (3.47%) Web Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 503 (97.10%) CSS
2 425 (82.05%) Sass
3 424 (81.85%) HTML
4 318 (61.39%) AngularJS
5 296 (57.14%) HTML5
6 289 (55.79%) CSS3
7 239 (46.14%) React
8 212 (40.93%) jQuery
9 129 (24.90%) Node.js
10 101 (19.50%) RESTful
11 99 (19.11%) .NET
12 98 (18.92%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 88 (16.99%) REST
14 85 (16.41%) Redux
15 78 (15.06%) Backbone.js
16 59 (11.39%) Web Services
17 53 (10.23%) ASP.NET
18 50 (9.65%) JSON
18 50 (9.65%) KnockoutJS
19 48 (9.27%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 177 (34.17%) User Experience
2 62 (11.97%) Mobile App
3 59 (11.39%) Computer Science
4 52 (10.04%) Greenfield Project
5 28 (5.41%) Fintech
6 19 (3.67%) Cloud Native
7 15 (2.90%) Blog
7 15 (2.90%) W3C
8 14 (2.70%) Algorithms
9 13 (2.51%) Analytical Skills
10 8 (1.54%) Animation
10 8 (1.54%) Data Centre
10 8 (1.54%) N-Tier
11 7 (1.35%) Video\Live Streaming
12 6 (1.16%) Digital Media
13 5 (0.97%) Over-the-Top Content
14 4 (0.77%) Enterprise Software
14 4 (0.77%) iPad
15 3 (0.58%) Fixed Income
15 3 (0.58%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 39 (7.53%) Linux
2 33 (6.37%) Apple iOS
3 32 (6.18%) Android
4 29 (5.60%) Unix
5 10 (1.93%) Windows
6 4 (0.77%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.39%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.19%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 272 (52.51%) Front End Development
2 268 (51.74%) Agile Software Development
3 154 (29.73%) TDD
4 125 (24.13%) Responsive Web Design
5 120 (23.17%) Web Development
6 117 (22.59%) MVC
7 106 (20.46%) Scrum
8 97 (18.73%) Unit Testing
9 94 (18.15%) BDD
10 77 (14.86%) OO
11 76 (14.67%) Test Automation
12 70 (13.51%) E-Commerce
13 57 (11.00%) OOP
14 56 (10.81%) Continuous Integration
15 53 (10.23%) Software Engineering
16 51 (9.85%) Microservices
17 47 (9.07%) SEO
18 46 (8.88%) Analytics
18 46 (8.88%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
19 41 (7.92%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 484 (93.44%) JavaScript
2 111 (21.43%) ES6
3 92 (17.76%) SQL
4 74 (14.29%) PHP
5 72 (13.90%) C#
6 59 (11.39%) Java
7 46 (8.88%) Python
8 37 (7.14%) TypeScript
9 36 (6.95%) Ruby
10 26 (5.02%) ECMAScript
11 17 (3.28%) Scala
12 10 (1.93%) PowerShell
13 9 (1.74%) T-SQL
14 5 (0.97%) Groovy
15 4 (0.77%) Apple Swift
15 4 (0.77%) Objective-C
16 3 (0.58%) C
16 3 (0.58%) Go
17 2 (0.39%) Clojure
17 2 (0.39%) ClojureScript
Qualifications
1 87 (16.80%) Degree
2 32 (6.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 9 (1.74%) Master's Degree
4 3 (0.58%) Security Cleared
5 2 (0.39%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (9.65%) QA
2 6 (1.16%) WCAG
3 2 (0.39%) WAI
System Software
1 61 (11.78%) Docker
2 5 (0.97%) Varnish
3 4 (0.77%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 17 (3.28%) Puppet
2 15 (2.90%) Kubernetes
3 8 (1.54%) Ansible
4 3 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 34 (6.56%) Microsoft
2 19 (3.67%) Google
3 17 (3.28%) Sitecore
4 14 (2.70%) Marketo
5 7 (1.35%) Atlassian
6 6 (1.16%) Facebook
6 6 (1.16%) Zend
7 5 (0.97%) Caplin
8 4 (0.77%) Capita
8 4 (0.77%) Xamarin
9 3 (0.58%) hybris
9 3 (0.58%) JD Edwards
9 3 (0.58%) Perforce
9 3 (0.58%) Salesforce.com
10 2 (0.39%) Adobe
10 2 (0.39%) BT
10 2 (0.39%) Foundry
10 2 (0.39%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 2 (0.39%) SAP
10 2 (0.39%) Sony