Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 62 93 85
Rank change year-on-year +31 -8 -3
Permanent jobs citing Front End Development 2,788 693 1,992
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.52% 3.54% 3.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.78% 3.77% 3.92%
Number of salaries quoted 1,222 596 1,790
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £53,750 £49,063
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £68,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year -4.41% +4.62% +4.00%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £104,750 £88,750 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,231 18,394 50,847
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.53% 93.88% 93.59%
Number of salaries quoted 31,437 15,563 41,377
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £107,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £58,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.45% +4.76% -

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Front End Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Front End Development in London.

Salary trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Front End Development in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -37 186 £67,500 -3.57% 141
West London -48 63 £72,500 +31.82% 51
South London +7 42 £60,000 +17.07% 8
North London -9 6 £65,000 +23.81% 3
East London -30 5 £51,500 +8.42% 40
Front End Development
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 1,922 (68.94%) JavaScript
2 1,827 (65.53%) React
3 1,322 (47.42%) CSS
4 1,250 (44.84%) Agile Software Development
5 1,242 (44.55%) HTML
6 1,125 (40.35%) TypeScript
7 950 (34.07%) User Experience
8 861 (30.88%) AngularJS
9 836 (29.99%) Node.js
10 688 (24.68%) Git (software)
11 687 (24.64%) Finance
12 650 (23.31%) AWS
13 574 (20.59%) Software Engineering
14 546 (19.58%) Social Skills
15 539 (19.33%) Redux
16 524 (18.79%) Full Stack Development
17 513 (18.40%) Docker
18 503 (18.04%) Python
19 492 (17.65%) TDD
20 488 (17.50%) HTML5
21 472 (16.93%) Vue.js
22 465 (16.68%) Java
23 454 (16.28%) REST
24 397 (14.24%) Problem-Solving
25 394 (14.13%) ES6
26 392 (14.06%) Microservices
27 389 (13.95%) Sass
28 385 (13.81%) Test Automation
29 381 (13.67%) DevOps
30 369 (13.24%) Kubernetes

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 144 (5.16%) CMS
2 88 (3.16%) Confluence
3 56 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
4 51 (1.83%) WordPress
5 24 (0.86%) IBM Domino
6 19 (0.68%) nginx
7 18 (0.65%) Headless CMS
8 17 (0.61%) Umbraco
9 14 (0.50%) Oracle Coherence
10 13 (0.47%) Traefik
11 12 (0.43%) Apache
12 9 (0.32%) Drupal
12 9 (0.32%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 6 (0.22%) Apache Spark
13 6 (0.22%) Sitecore CMS
14 3 (0.11%) Kentico
14 3 (0.11%) LiveCycle
14 3 (0.11%) Mule
15 2 (0.072%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 84 (3.01%) Figma
2 79 (2.83%) Sketch
3 45 (1.61%) Adobe XD
3 45 (1.61%) InVision
4 42 (1.51%) Photoshop
5 20 (0.72%) Zeplin
6 16 (0.57%) OmniGraffle
7 15 (0.54%) Adobe Illustrator
8 13 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 11 (0.39%) Chatbot
10 10 (0.36%) Adobe Premiere
10 10 (0.36%) Final Cut Pro
11 8 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
12 6 (0.22%) MS Visio
13 4 (0.14%) UXPin
14 2 (0.072%) Microsoft Excel
15 1 (0.036%) Adobe After Effects
15 1 (0.036%) Blender
15 1 (0.036%) InDesign
15 1 (0.036%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 34 (1.22%) Shopify
2 24 (0.86%) Magento
3 15 (0.54%) Distributed Ledger
4 10 (0.36%) Primavera
5 8 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
8 3 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.11%) WebTrends
9 2 (0.072%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 650 (23.31%) AWS
2 317 (11.37%) Azure
3 231 (8.29%) SaaS
4 202 (7.25%) GitHub
5 201 (7.21%) GCP
6 194 (6.96%) Serverless
7 152 (5.45%) npm
8 138 (4.95%) AWS Lambda
9 93 (3.34%) Amazon S3
10 79 (2.83%) AWS CloudFormation
11 61 (2.19%) Amazon EKS
12 47 (1.69%) Firebase
13 44 (1.58%) Amazon ECS
14 43 (1.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 43 (1.54%) Slack
15 37 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
16 30 (1.08%) Yarn
17 27 (0.97%) AWS Fargate
18 26 (0.93%) Amazon Kinesis
18 26 (0.93%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 73 (2.62%) HTTP
2 28 (1.00%) Internet
3 16 (0.57%) WebEx
4 12 (0.43%) DNS
5 10 (0.36%) Broadband
6 9 (0.32%) RIP
7 4 (0.14%) Firewall
8 3 (0.11%) Intranet
8 3 (0.11%) SSH
9 2 (0.072%) FTP
10 1 (0.036%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 252 (9.04%) PostgreSQL
2 142 (5.09%) MySQL
3 125 (4.48%) MongoDB
4 111 (3.98%) Relational Database
5 106 (3.80%) NoSQL
6 83 (2.98%) SQL Server
7 82 (2.94%) Redis
8 74 (2.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 62 (2.22%) Big Data
10 51 (1.83%) Amazon RDS
11 30 (1.08%) Amazon Redshift
12 29 (1.04%) Data Warehouse
13 27 (0.97%) Amazon Aurora
13 27 (0.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 26 (0.93%) Blockchain
15 25 (0.90%) Amazon Athena
16 20 (0.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 19 (0.68%) Apache Cassandra
18 17 (0.61%) Oracle Database
19 16 (0.57%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 688 (24.68%) Git (software)
2 344 (12.34%) webpack
3 179 (6.42%) Cypress.io
4 177 (6.35%) JIRA
5 168 (6.03%) Jenkins
6 115 (4.12%) gulp
7 94 (3.37%) GitLab
8 75 (2.69%) Babel
9 74 (2.65%) Bitbucket
10 71 (2.55%) Selenium
10 71 (2.55%) TeamCity
11 60 (2.15%) Mocha
12 58 (2.08%) Storybook
13 55 (1.97%) Jasmine
14 53 (1.90%) Postman
15 50 (1.79%) JUnit
15 50 (1.79%) Octopus Deploy
16 46 (1.65%) CircleCI
17 44 (1.58%) Grunt
18 43 (1.54%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 687 (24.64%) Finance
2 546 (19.58%) Social Skills
3 221 (7.93%) Marketing
4 130 (4.66%) Retail
5 127 (4.56%) Games
6 123 (4.41%) Banking
7 104 (3.73%) Analytical Skills
8 68 (2.44%) Front Office
9 63 (2.26%) Manufacturing
10 57 (2.04%) Financial Institution
11 45 (1.61%) Advertising
12 43 (1.54%) Telecoms
13 37 (1.33%) Publishing
14 34 (1.22%) Public Sector
15 32 (1.15%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 30 (1.08%) Organisational Skills
17 29 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
18 27 (0.97%) Back Office
19 25 (0.90%) Documentation Skills
20 17 (0.61%) Legal
Job Titles
1 2,110 (75.68%) Developer
2 1,409 (50.54%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 479 (17.18%) Senior Developer
4 414 (14.85%) React Developer
5 352 (12.63%) Senior Front-End Developer
6 221 (7.93%) Angular Developer
7 213 (7.64%) Software Engineer
8 146 (5.24%) JavaScript Developer
8 146 (5.24%) Lead Developer
9 131 (4.70%) Full Stack Developer
10 83 (2.98%) Java Developer
11 82 (2.94%) UI Developer
12 80 (2.87%) Senior React Developer
13 77 (2.76%) Lead Software Engineer
14 68 (2.44%) Web Developer
15 65 (2.33%) Senior Software Engineer
16 64 (2.30%) UI Engineer
17 62 (2.22%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 57 (2.04%) Backend Developer
19 52 (1.87%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,827 (65.53%) React
2 1,322 (47.42%) CSS
3 1,242 (44.55%) HTML
4 861 (30.88%) AngularJS
5 836 (29.99%) Node.js
6 539 (19.33%) Redux
7 488 (17.50%) HTML5
8 472 (16.93%) Vue.js
9 454 (16.28%) REST
10 389 (13.95%) Sass
11 353 (12.66%) Jest
12 337 (12.09%) CSS3
13 307 (11.01%) GraphQL
14 299 (10.72%) Web Services
15 280 (10.04%) RESTful
16 219 (7.86%) React Native
17 189 (6.78%) .NET
18 172 (6.17%) Next.js
19 152 (5.45%) jQuery
20 147 (5.27%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 950 (34.07%) User Experience
2 210 (7.53%) Mobile App
3 173 (6.21%) Greenfield Project
4 93 (3.34%) Data Structures
5 89 (3.19%) Hedge funds
6 76 (2.73%) Algorithms
7 65 (2.33%) Fixed Income
8 58 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
9 57 (2.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 52 (1.87%) Derivative
11 51 (1.83%) Virtual Team
12 48 (1.72%) Equities
13 47 (1.69%) Cloud Native
14 46 (1.65%) W3C
15 41 (1.47%) Blog
16 36 (1.29%) Credit Derivative
17 32 (1.15%) NHS
18 30 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
19 29 (1.04%) Video\Live Streaming
20 28 (1.00%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 118 (4.23%) Apple iOS
2 112 (4.02%) Linux
3 110 (3.95%) Android
4 70 (2.51%) Windows
5 25 (0.90%) Mesosphere
6 24 (0.86%) Unix
7 4 (0.14%) tvOS
8 1 (0.036%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,250 (44.84%) Agile Software Development
2 574 (20.59%) Software Engineering
3 524 (18.79%) Full Stack Development
4 492 (17.65%) TDD
5 397 (14.24%) Problem-Solving
6 392 (14.06%) Microservices
7 385 (13.81%) Test Automation
8 381 (13.67%) DevOps
9 343 (12.30%) Scrum
10 335 (12.02%) Computer Science
11 332 (11.91%) Web Development
12 322 (11.55%) Mentoring
13 311 (11.15%) Analytics
14 302 (10.83%) Fintech
15 267 (9.58%) Continuous Integration
16 254 (9.11%) E-Commerce
17 229 (8.21%) Unit Testing
18 224 (8.03%) Visualisation
19 196 (7.03%) OO
20 184 (6.60%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,922 (68.94%) JavaScript
2 1,125 (40.35%) TypeScript
3 503 (18.04%) Python
4 465 (16.68%) Java
5 394 (14.13%) ES6
6 216 (7.75%) C#
7 199 (7.14%) PHP
8 175 (6.28%) SQL
9 146 (5.24%) Go
10 83 (2.98%) Kotlin
11 81 (2.91%) Ruby
12 77 (2.76%) ES7
13 57 (2.04%) Scala
14 48 (1.72%) C++
15 42 (1.51%) Elm
16 40 (1.43%) Groovy
17 36 (1.29%) Dart
18 35 (1.26%) PureScript
19 33 (1.18%) Java 8
20 30 (1.08%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 289 (10.37%) Degree
2 129 (4.63%) Computer Science Degree
3 37 (1.33%) PhD
4 29 (1.04%) Master's Degree
5 16 (0.57%) SANS
6 9 (0.32%) AWS Certification
6 9 (0.32%) Security Cleared
7 8 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.18%) SC Cleared
9 1 (0.036%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.036%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.036%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 256 (9.18%) Accessibility
2 204 (7.32%) QA
3 30 (1.08%) WCAG
4 14 (0.50%) PMO
5 12 (0.43%) WAI
6 8 (0.29%) GDPR
6 8 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.14%) IEC 62304
7 4 (0.14%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.036%) Data Quality
System Software
1 513 (18.40%) Docker
2 11 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 11 (0.39%) etcd
3 2 (0.072%) Firmware
4 1 (0.036%) Varnish
4 1 (0.036%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 369 (13.24%) Kubernetes
2 136 (4.88%) Terraform
3 63 (2.26%) Prometheus
4 55 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
5 41 (1.47%) Ansible
6 38 (1.36%) Istio
7 36 (1.29%) Consul
8 35 (1.26%) Puppet
9 26 (0.93%) Grafana
10 25 (0.90%) Automic
10 25 (0.90%) Kibana
11 16 (0.57%) logstash
12 11 (0.39%) Rancher
13 10 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
14 5 (0.18%) Pingdom
15 2 (0.072%) Bugsnag
Vendors
1 225 (8.07%) Google
2 120 (4.30%) Adobe
3 109 (3.91%) Microsoft
4 65 (2.33%) Oracle
5 45 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
6 42 (1.51%) Apple
7 34 (1.22%) Facebook
8 33 (1.18%) Spotify
9 31 (1.11%) Samsung
10 30 (1.08%) BT
11 26 (0.93%) SAP
12 25 (0.90%) Splunk
13 24 (0.86%) Atlassian
14 21 (0.75%) Cadence
14 21 (0.75%) Twitter
15 19 (0.68%) Sony
16 16 (0.57%) Instagram
17 15 (0.54%) PagerDuty
17 15 (0.54%) Sitecore
18 14 (0.50%) Solace