Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
England > London
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 59 86 89
Rank change year-on-year +27 +3 -13
Permanent jobs citing Front End Development 2,009 1,279 2,066
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.26% 3.66% 3.59%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.58% 3.90% 3.86%
Number of salaries quoted 1,006 1,082 1,775
10th Percentile £42,500 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £53,750 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year -7.14% +7.69% +8.33%
75th Percentile £80,000 £82,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £92,500 £97,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 36,003 32,760 53,562
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 94.30% 93.84% 93.03%
Number of salaries quoted 25,547 26,665 43,758
10th Percentile £42,500 £39,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £102,500 £97,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Front End Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Front End Development in London.

Salary trend for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Front End Development in London over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Front End Development in London

Front End Development
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the London region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -31 188 £70,000 -3.45% 145
West London +7 66 £67,500 +8.00% 40
South London +11 32 £60,000 -7.69% 5
North London - 7 £62,500 - 5
East London +9 4 £50,000 +66.67% 23
Front End Development
England

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 1,440 (71.68%) JavaScript
2 994 (49.48%) CSS
3 952 (47.39%) React
4 928 (46.19%) HTML
5 848 (42.21%) Agile Software Development
6 800 (39.82%) TypeScript
7 613 (30.51%) AngularJS
8 557 (27.73%) User Experience
9 509 (25.34%) Git (software)
10 492 (24.49%) Node.js
11 434 (21.60%) AWS
12 422 (21.01%) Finance
13 383 (19.06%) Social Skills
14 382 (19.01%) Redux
15 377 (18.77%) Software Engineering
15 377 (18.77%) HTML5
16 340 (16.92%) Sass
17 324 (16.13%) Docker
18 317 (15.78%) TDD
19 315 (15.68%) Vue.js
20 303 (15.08%) Python
21 301 (14.98%) ES6
22 285 (14.19%) Problem-Solving
23 280 (13.94%) Jest
24 278 (13.84%) Microservices
25 277 (13.79%) Java
26 256 (12.74%) CSS3
27 253 (12.59%) REST
28 251 (12.49%) DevOps
29 249 (12.39%) Test Automation

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (3.73%) Confluence
2 72 (3.58%) CMS
3 47 (2.34%) WordPress
4 27 (1.34%) Elasticsearch
5 14 (0.70%) Oracle Coherence
6 11 (0.55%) IBM Domino
6 11 (0.55%) Moodle
7 10 (0.50%) Traefik
8 8 (0.40%) nginx
9 7 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 7 (0.35%) Apache Spark
10 6 (0.30%) Apache
10 6 (0.30%) Drupal
10 6 (0.30%) Totara
11 5 (0.25%) Headless CMS
12 4 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
13 3 (0.15%) SharePoint
13 3 (0.15%) Umbraco
14 2 (0.100%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 55 (2.74%) Sketch
2 51 (2.54%) Figma
3 47 (2.34%) Photoshop
4 27 (1.34%) InVision
5 20 (1.00%) Chatbot
6 16 (0.80%) Adobe XD
7 15 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
8 13 (0.65%) Zeplin
9 11 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 9 (0.45%) Adobe After Effects
10 9 (0.45%) Adobe Illustrator
10 9 (0.45%) UXPin
11 7 (0.35%) OmniGraffle
12 5 (0.25%) AutoCAD
12 5 (0.25%) Revit
13 3 (0.15%) CINEMA 4D
13 3 (0.15%) Flinto
13 3 (0.15%) GIMP
13 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
14 2 (0.100%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 29 (1.44%) Shopify
2 20 (1.00%) Magento
3 15 (0.75%) Distributed Ledger
4 10 (0.50%) Primavera
5 4 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.050%) OpenText MBPM
7 1 (0.050%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.050%) StreamServe
7 1 (0.050%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 434 (21.60%) AWS
2 206 (10.25%) Azure
3 160 (7.96%) SaaS
4 148 (7.37%) Serverless
5 132 (6.57%) GitHub
6 86 (4.28%) AWS Lambda
7 78 (3.88%) GCP
8 77 (3.83%) npm
9 50 (2.49%) AWS CloudFormation
10 49 (2.44%) Amazon EKS
11 44 (2.19%) Amazon S3
12 31 (1.54%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 28 (1.39%) Cloud Functions
14 27 (1.34%) Datadog
15 26 (1.29%) Firebase
16 24 (1.19%) Slack
17 23 (1.14%) Azure Functions
18 22 (1.10%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 21 (1.05%) Asana
20 19 (0.95%) Adobe Creative Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 29 (1.44%) HTTP
2 22 (1.10%) Internet
3 11 (0.55%) Broadband
4 5 (0.25%) RIP
4 5 (0.25%) SSH
5 4 (0.20%) Wireless
6 3 (0.15%) DNS
7 2 (0.100%) Intranet
7 2 (0.100%) Skype
8 1 (0.050%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 181 (9.01%) PostgreSQL
2 101 (5.03%) MySQL
3 98 (4.88%) Relational Database
4 96 (4.78%) MongoDB
5 72 (3.58%) Redis
6 71 (3.53%) NoSQL
7 43 (2.14%) SQL Server
8 41 (2.04%) Big Data
9 39 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
10 24 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
10 24 (1.19%) Hadoop
11 17 (0.85%) Amazon Redshift
11 17 (0.85%) Oracle Database
12 15 (0.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 15 (0.75%) Blockchain
13 14 (0.70%) Power BI
14 13 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
15 12 (0.60%) RDBMS
15 12 (0.60%) Tableau
16 10 (0.50%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 509 (25.34%) Git (software)
2 212 (10.55%) webpack
3 147 (7.32%) Cypress.io
4 135 (6.72%) JIRA
5 93 (4.63%) gulp
6 79 (3.93%) Jenkins
7 64 (3.19%) Bitbucket
8 56 (2.79%) GitLab
9 53 (2.64%) Babel
10 52 (2.59%) JUnit
11 48 (2.39%) Mocha
12 47 (2.34%) TeamCity
13 44 (2.19%) Storybook
14 40 (1.99%) Maven
15 39 (1.94%) Selenium
16 35 (1.74%) Postman
17 28 (1.39%) Grunt
18 26 (1.29%) CircleCI
19 25 (1.24%) PhantomJS
20 24 (1.19%) EasyMock
General
1 422 (21.01%) Finance
2 383 (19.06%) Social Skills
3 148 (7.37%) Marketing
4 98 (4.88%) Games
5 92 (4.58%) Retail
6 79 (3.93%) Analytical Skills
7 77 (3.83%) Banking
8 64 (3.19%) Advertising
9 57 (2.84%) Organisational Skills
10 44 (2.19%) Manufacturing
11 42 (2.09%) Public Sector
12 34 (1.69%) Telecoms
13 31 (1.54%) Publishing
14 27 (1.34%) Front Office
15 19 (0.95%) Financial Institution
16 17 (0.85%) Back Office
16 17 (0.85%) Wearables
17 15 (0.75%) Electronics
18 14 (0.70%) Documentation Skills
19 13 (0.65%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,526 (75.96%) Developer
2 1,023 (50.92%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 423 (21.06%) Senior Developer
4 311 (15.48%) React Developer
5 305 (15.18%) Senior Front-End Developer
6 153 (7.62%) Angular Developer
7 141 (7.02%) Software Engineer
8 124 (6.17%) JavaScript Developer
9 101 (5.03%) Full Stack Developer
10 90 (4.48%) Senior React Developer
11 51 (2.54%) Lead Developer
12 50 (2.49%) Senior Software Engineer
13 46 (2.29%) .NET Developer
14 41 (2.04%) C# Developer
15 33 (1.64%) Python Engineer
16 32 (1.59%) Backend Developer
17 31 (1.54%) Java Developer
18 28 (1.39%) E-Commerce Developer
19 26 (1.29%) JavaScript Engineer
19 26 (1.29%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 994 (49.48%) CSS
2 952 (47.39%) React
3 928 (46.19%) HTML
4 613 (30.51%) AngularJS
5 492 (24.49%) Node.js
6 382 (19.01%) Redux
7 377 (18.77%) HTML5
8 340 (16.92%) Sass
9 315 (15.68%) Vue.js
10 280 (13.94%) Jest
11 256 (12.74%) CSS3
12 253 (12.59%) REST
13 212 (10.55%) GraphQL
14 188 (9.36%) RESTful
15 181 (9.01%) Web Services
16 156 (7.77%) .NET
17 135 (6.72%) Next.js
18 134 (6.67%) React Native
19 113 (5.62%) Django
20 112 (5.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 557 (27.73%) User Experience
2 154 (7.67%) Mobile App
3 118 (5.87%) Greenfield Project
4 71 (3.53%) Blog
5 65 (3.24%) Data Structures
6 59 (2.94%) Algorithms
7 43 (2.14%) Virtual Team
8 42 (2.09%) Self-Motivation
9 38 (1.89%) Digital Media
10 34 (1.69%) Cloud Native
11 33 (1.64%) Hedge funds
12 32 (1.59%) Video\Live Streaming
13 30 (1.49%) Online Games
14 29 (1.44%) NHS
15 27 (1.34%) Wiki
16 24 (1.19%) Social Media
17 20 (1.00%) W3C
18 17 (0.85%) Fixed Income
18 17 (0.85%) Music Streaming
19 15 (0.75%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 88 (4.38%) Android
2 82 (4.08%) Apple iOS
3 75 (3.73%) Linux
4 41 (2.04%) Windows
5 19 (0.95%) Unix
6 6 (0.30%) tvOS
7 5 (0.25%) Debian
8 2 (0.100%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 848 (42.21%) Agile Software Development
2 377 (18.77%) Software Engineering
3 317 (15.78%) TDD
4 285 (14.19%) Problem-Solving
5 278 (13.84%) Microservices
6 251 (12.49%) DevOps
7 249 (12.39%) Test Automation
8 243 (12.10%) Scrum
9 223 (11.10%) Fintech
10 211 (10.50%) Web Development
11 202 (10.05%) Continuous Integration
12 195 (9.71%) Computer Science
13 194 (9.66%) Mentoring
14 183 (9.11%) Unit Testing
15 163 (8.11%) Analytics
16 159 (7.91%) Visualisation
17 150 (7.47%) E-Commerce
18 138 (6.87%) Artificial Intelligence
18 138 (6.87%) OO
19 121 (6.02%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 1,440 (71.68%) JavaScript
2 800 (39.82%) TypeScript
3 303 (15.08%) Python
4 301 (14.98%) ES6
5 277 (13.79%) Java
6 189 (9.41%) C#
7 173 (8.61%) PHP
8 153 (7.62%) SQL
9 71 (3.53%) Go
10 50 (2.49%) Ruby
11 49 (2.44%) Kotlin
12 47 (2.34%) ES7
13 39 (1.94%) C++
14 38 (1.89%) Scala
15 32 (1.59%) Java 8
16 23 (1.14%) Rust
17 20 (1.00%) Elm
17 20 (1.00%) Objective-C
18 19 (0.95%) C
19 18 (0.90%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 200 (9.96%) Degree
2 68 (3.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 36 (1.79%) Master's Degree
4 24 (1.19%) PhD
5 18 (0.90%) Security Cleared
6 11 (0.55%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 11 (0.55%) SC Cleared
7 10 (0.50%) SANS
8 4 (0.20%) MOS
8 4 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.15%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.100%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (6.47%) QA
2 125 (6.22%) Accessibility
3 16 (0.80%) WCAG
4 14 (0.70%) PMO
5 4 (0.20%) GDPR
6 2 (0.100%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.100%) WAI
7 1 (0.050%) Data Quality
System Software
1 324 (16.13%) Docker
2 7 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 7 (0.35%) etcd
3 4 (0.20%) Firmware
4 2 (0.100%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 211 (10.50%) Kubernetes
2 46 (2.29%) Terraform
3 15 (0.75%) Ansible
4 14 (0.70%) Istio
4 14 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
4 14 (0.70%) Prometheus
5 10 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
6 9 (0.45%) Rancher
7 7 (0.35%) Consul
8 6 (0.30%) Puppet
9 1 (0.050%) Bugsnag
9 1 (0.050%) Icinga
9 1 (0.050%) OpenView
Vendors
1 113 (5.62%) Google
2 84 (4.18%) Adobe
3 78 (3.88%) Microsoft
4 53 (2.64%) Oracle
5 51 (2.54%) Salesforce.com
6 33 (1.64%) Spotify
7 30 (1.49%) Atlassian
8 22 (1.10%) Samsung
9 20 (1.00%) Autodesk
10 19 (0.95%) DoubleClick
10 19 (0.95%) SAP
11 18 (0.90%) PagerDuty
11 18 (0.90%) Sony
12 15 (0.75%) Cadence
13 14 (0.70%) Facebook
13 14 (0.70%) IBM
13 14 (0.70%) Solace
14 12 (0.60%) Apple
14 12 (0.60%) BT
15 9 (0.45%) Yahoo!