Period
to 13 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 13 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK > England
6 months to
13 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 535 464 605
Rank change year-on-year -71 +141 -166
Permanent jobs citing LESS 392 410 559
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.44% 0.53% 0.42%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.06% 1.35% 1.10%
Number of salaries quoted 289 322 503
10th Percentile £37,250 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £60,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year -8.33% +20.00% -
75th Percentile £65,000 £75,000 £66,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £80,000 £79,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £60,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -8.33% +20.00% +4.17%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 37,038 30,467 50,637
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.60% 39.56% 38.07%
Number of salaries quoted 26,033 25,537 42,180
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,500 £53,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.60% +3.74% +7.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £92,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £56,322 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +2.40% +4.76% +5.00%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing LESS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in England

LESS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing LESS in England.

Salary trend for LESS in England

LESS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing LESS in England over the 6 months to 13 June 2021.

Salary histogram for LESS in England

LESS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 6 months to 13 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -44 184 £60,500 -16.55% 38
South West -4 69 £52,500 +16.67% 11
North of England -45 61 £50,000 - 36
South East -30 41 £62,500 +4.17% 18
North West -3 36 £50,000 -13.04% 18
Midlands -32 33 £50,000 +17.65% 14
Yorkshire -43 24 £52,500 +16.67% 11
West Midlands -31 19 £50,000 -16.67% 7
East Midlands -33 13 £47,500 +35.71% 7
East of England -33 4 £62,500 +13.64% 4
North East -16 1 £30,000 -41.75% 7
LESS
UK

For the 6 months to 13 June 2021, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 352 (89.80%) CSS
2 344 (87.76%) Sass
3 313 (79.85%) HTML
4 311 (79.34%) JavaScript
5 235 (59.95%) Front End Development
6 214 (54.59%) Agile Software Development
7 206 (52.55%) AngularJS
8 201 (51.28%) React
9 178 (45.41%) HTML5
10 150 (38.27%) Node.js
11 147 (37.50%) Git (software)
12 137 (34.95%) TypeScript
13 136 (34.69%) User Experience
14 125 (31.89%) webpack
15 123 (31.38%) ES6
16 110 (28.06%) Vue.js
17 101 (25.77%) CSS3
17 101 (25.77%) TDD
18 100 (25.51%) RESTful
19 97 (24.74%) C#
20 96 (24.49%) Azure
21 89 (22.70%) .NET
22 86 (21.94%) Jest
23 85 (21.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
24 82 (20.92%) gulp
25 70 (17.86%) Web Development
26 64 (16.33%) PHP
27 63 (16.07%) Microservices
28 62 (15.82%) AWS
29 56 (14.29%) Docker

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (8.67%) CMS
2 31 (7.91%) Elasticsearch
3 18 (4.59%) WordPress
4 12 (3.06%) Drupal
5 11 (2.81%) nginx
6 7 (1.79%) Apache
7 5 (1.28%) Umbraco
8 4 (1.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.77%) EPiServer
9 3 (0.77%) Headless CMS
9 3 (0.77%) Sitecore CMS
10 2 (0.51%) Joomla!
10 2 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.26%) Confluence
Applications
1 10 (2.55%) Zeplin
2 5 (1.28%) AutoCAD
2 5 (1.28%) Revit
3 4 (1.02%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 4 (1.02%) Figma
3 4 (1.02%) Sketch
4 3 (0.77%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.51%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 22 (5.61%) Magento
2 4 (1.02%) Shopify
3 1 (0.26%) nopCommerce
Cloud Services
1 96 (24.49%) Azure
2 62 (15.82%) AWS
3 44 (11.22%) npm
4 40 (10.20%) SaaS
5 22 (5.61%) Serverless
6 15 (3.83%) GCP
7 14 (3.57%) GitHub
8 8 (2.04%) Amazon Cognito
8 8 (2.04%) Azure Service Fabric
8 8 (2.04%) CloudFront
9 7 (1.79%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 7 (1.79%) Azure Functions
10 6 (1.53%) Amazon S3
10 6 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (1.28%) Azure Event Grid
11 5 (1.28%) Azure Service Bus
11 5 (1.28%) Trello
12 4 (1.02%) Google Analytics
13 2 (0.51%) Akamai
13 2 (0.51%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 16 (4.08%) HTTP
2 6 (1.53%) Internet
3 4 (1.02%) Network Security
4 3 (0.77%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (10.71%) MySQL
2 41 (10.46%) NoSQL
3 35 (8.93%) Relational Database
4 29 (7.40%) SQL Server
5 8 (2.04%) SQL Server 2012
6 7 (1.79%) MongoDB
7 5 (1.28%) PostgreSQL
8 3 (0.77%) Redis
9 2 (0.51%) Azure SQL Database
9 2 (0.51%) Big Data
10 1 (0.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 1 (0.26%) InterSystems Cache
10 1 (0.26%) Jackrabbit
10 1 (0.26%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 147 (37.50%) Git (software)
2 125 (31.89%) webpack
3 82 (20.92%) gulp
4 32 (8.16%) Grunt
5 23 (5.87%) Jenkins
6 21 (5.36%) Protractor
7 19 (4.85%) Jasmine
8 18 (4.59%) Cypress.io
9 16 (4.08%) GitLab
10 15 (3.83%) Babel
11 13 (3.32%) NUnit
12 12 (3.06%) JIRA
12 12 (3.06%) Selenium
13 11 (2.81%) Storybook
14 10 (2.55%) JsTestDriver
14 10 (2.55%) Mocha
15 9 (2.30%) PostCSS
15 9 (2.30%) Team Foundation Server
15 9 (2.30%) TeamCity
16 8 (2.04%) Moq
General
1 55 (14.03%) Social Skills
2 29 (7.40%) Finance
2 29 (7.40%) Marketing
3 28 (7.14%) Publishing
4 26 (6.63%) Games
5 13 (3.32%) Retail
6 10 (2.55%) Financial Institution
7 9 (2.30%) Public Sector
8 7 (1.79%) Banking
8 7 (1.79%) Electronics
8 7 (1.79%) Manufacturing
8 7 (1.79%) Telecoms
9 6 (1.53%) Legal
10 4 (1.02%) Analytical Skills
11 3 (0.77%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.26%) Back Office
12 1 (0.26%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 287 (73.21%) Developer
2 152 (38.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 64 (16.33%) Senior Developer
4 49 (12.50%) React Developer
5 42 (10.71%) Software Engineer
6 39 (9.95%) Angular Developer
7 38 (9.69%) Full Stack Developer
8 36 (9.18%) Senior Front-End Developer
9 32 (8.16%) JavaScript Developer
10 28 (7.14%) C# Software Engineer
11 23 (5.87%) Lead Developer
12 22 (5.61%) Web Developer
13 19 (4.85%) Magento Developer
14 16 (4.08%) Azure Engineer
14 16 (4.08%) Azure Software Engineer
15 15 (3.83%) HTML CSS Developer
15 15 (3.83%) HTML Developer
16 14 (3.57%) JavaScript Engineer
16 14 (3.57%) Senior React Developer
17 12 (3.06%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 352 (89.80%) CSS
2 344 (87.76%) Sass
3 313 (79.85%) HTML
4 206 (52.55%) AngularJS
5 201 (51.28%) React
6 178 (45.41%) HTML5
7 150 (38.27%) Node.js
8 110 (28.06%) Vue.js
9 101 (25.77%) CSS3
10 100 (25.51%) RESTful
11 89 (22.70%) .NET
12 86 (21.94%) Jest
13 85 (21.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 55 (14.03%) Redux
14 55 (14.03%) REST
15 53 (13.52%) jQuery
16 37 (9.44%) .NET Core
17 34 (8.67%) WebSockets
18 30 (7.65%) GraphQL
18 30 (7.65%) KnockoutJS
Miscellaneous
1 136 (34.69%) User Experience
2 22 (5.61%) Linux Command Line
3 16 (4.08%) Mobile App
4 13 (3.32%) Blog
5 10 (2.55%) W3C
6 9 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
7 5 (1.28%) 3D Graphics
7 5 (1.28%) Animation
7 5 (1.28%) Online Gambling
7 5 (1.28%) Smartphone
8 4 (1.02%) Algorithms
8 4 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (0.77%) Cloud Native
9 3 (0.77%) Enterprise Software
9 3 (0.77%) Fat Client
9 3 (0.77%) Life Science
9 3 (0.77%) Podcast
9 3 (0.77%) Thin Client
9 3 (0.77%) Virtual Team
10 2 (0.51%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 29 (7.40%) Linux
2 11 (2.81%) Android
2 11 (2.81%) Apple iOS
3 6 (1.53%) tvOS
3 6 (1.53%) Unix
4 3 (0.77%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 235 (59.95%) Front End Development
2 214 (54.59%) Agile Software Development
3 101 (25.77%) TDD
4 70 (17.86%) Web Development
5 63 (16.07%) Microservices
6 54 (13.78%) Software Engineering
7 53 (13.52%) DevOps
7 53 (13.52%) E-Commerce
8 50 (12.76%) Scrum
9 46 (11.73%) MVC
10 43 (10.97%) Unit Testing
11 41 (10.46%) BDD
12 37 (9.44%) Responsive Web Design
13 36 (9.18%) Analytics
14 35 (8.93%) Continuous Delivery
15 34 (8.67%) Continuous Integration
16 33 (8.42%) Workflow
17 31 (7.91%) SOA
18 30 (7.65%) Computer Science
18 30 (7.65%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 311 (79.34%) JavaScript
2 137 (34.95%) TypeScript
3 123 (31.38%) ES6
4 97 (24.74%) C#
5 64 (16.33%) PHP
6 39 (9.95%) SQL
7 22 (5.61%) Java
8 17 (4.34%) Python
9 6 (1.53%) ES7
9 6 (1.53%) Ruby
9 6 (1.53%) Scala
10 5 (1.28%) Go
11 4 (1.02%) PHP 5
12 3 (0.77%) PL/SQL
13 2 (0.51%) PowerShell
13 2 (0.51%) T-SQL
14 1 (0.26%) JSX
14 1 (0.26%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 24 (6.12%) Degree
2 14 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (1.53%) PhD
4 5 (1.28%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.26%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.26%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (13.01%) Accessibility
2 18 (4.59%) QA
3 4 (1.02%) WCAG
4 3 (0.77%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.26%) GDPR
System Software
1 56 (14.29%) Docker
2 2 (0.51%) Varnish
2 2 (0.51%) Virtual Servers
3 1 (0.26%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 12 (3.06%) Kubernetes
2 5 (1.28%) Puppet
Vendors
1 23 (5.87%) Microsoft
2 12 (3.06%) Google
3 11 (2.81%) Samsung
4 8 (2.04%) Adobe
5 7 (1.79%) SAP
6 6 (1.53%) Roku
6 6 (1.53%) WooCommerce
6 6 (1.53%) Zend
7 5 (1.28%) Autodesk
7 5 (1.28%) BT
7 5 (1.28%) Sun
8 3 (0.77%) Sitecore
9 2 (0.51%) New Relic
9 2 (0.51%) Oracle
10 1 (0.26%) Facebook