Period
to 24 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 425 390 415
Rank change year-on-year -35 +25 +134
Permanent jobs citing LESS 1208 1395 1517
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.72% 0.78% 0.74%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.78% 2.00% 1.93%
Number of salaries quoted 1061 1272 1330
England median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £47,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.26% +1.06% +17.50%
10th Percentile £27,500 £30,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £67,500 £71,250 £67,500
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 67849 69868 78664
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.20% 39.13% 38.23%
Number of salaries quoted 56867 61123 67881
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in England

LESS
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing LESS in England.

Salary trend for LESS in England

LESS
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in England over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Salary histogram for LESS in England

LESS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the England region over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -77 510 £55,000 - 49
South East -4 210 £45,000 - 30
North of England +27 172 £37,500 -3.23% 22
Midlands +57 146 £32,500 - 21
North West -1 104 £40,000 +6.67% 8
West Midlands +30 98 £31,500 -3.08% 13
South West +26 97 £45,000 +12.50% 3
East of England +48 80 £37,500 -28.57% 6
Yorkshire +23 63 £35,000 -20.00% 12
East Midlands +40 48 £40,000 +14.29% 8
North East +4 5 £40,938 +9.17% 2
LESS
UK

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for LESS.

1 1140 (94.37%) CSS
2 1122 (92.88%) JavaScript
3 1022 (84.60%) HTML
4 935 (77.40%) Sass
5 743 (61.51%) AngularJS
6 623 (51.57%) HTML5
7 560 (46.36%) CSS3
8 555 (45.94%) jQuery
9 542 (44.87%) Front End Development
10 537 (44.45%) Agile Software Development
11 469 (38.82%) Git (software)
12 409 (33.86%) React
13 398 (32.95%) User Experience
14 386 (31.95%) MVC
15 334 (27.65%) .NET
16 333 (27.57%) Web Development
17 317 (26.24%) C#
18 284 (23.51%) Node.js
19 277 (22.93%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 267 (22.10%) PHP
21 238 (19.70%) TDD
22 229 (18.96%) ASP.NET
23 222 (18.38%) gulp
24 214 (17.72%) Responsive Web Design
25 207 (17.14%) SQL Server
26 202 (16.72%) SQL
27 198 (16.39%) Scrum
28 185 (15.31%) Grunt
29 158 (13.08%) Unit Testing
30 156 (12.91%) OO

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 141 (11.67%) CMS
2 99 (8.20%) WordPress
3 36 (2.98%) EPiServer
4 31 (2.57%) Apache
5 28 (2.32%) IIS
6 26 (2.15%) Elasticsearch
6 26 (2.15%) Umbraco
7 22 (1.82%) Confluence
8 21 (1.74%) Drupal
9 20 (1.66%) Sitecore CMS
10 19 (1.57%) SharePoint
11 10 (0.83%) Hyperledger
12 9 (0.75%) ExpressionEngine
13 8 (0.66%) SharePoint 2013
14 7 (0.58%) Ethereum
15 6 (0.50%) Apache Solr
15 6 (0.50%) JBoss
15 6 (0.50%) nginx
15 6 (0.50%) Tomcat
15 6 (0.50%) WildFly
Applications
1 84 (6.95%) Photoshop
2 41 (3.39%) Adobe Illustrator
3 12 (0.99%) InVision
4 9 (0.75%) Moqups
5 8 (0.66%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.50%) GIMP
7 4 (0.33%) InDesign
8 3 (0.25%) HipChat
8 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
8 3 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.083%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.083%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.083%) Final Cut Pro
9 1 (0.083%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.083%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 18 (1.49%) Magento
2 14 (1.16%) SAP Hybris
3 13 (1.08%) Eloqua
4 4 (0.33%) Shopify
4 4 (0.33%) WebTrends
5 3 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.25%) NetSuite
5 3 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 154 (12.75%) Amazon AWS
2 126 (10.43%) npm
3 120 (9.93%) Microsoft Azure
4 72 (5.96%) SaaS
5 61 (5.05%) GitHub
6 29 (2.40%) IBM Cloud
7 26 (2.15%) Bluemix
8 24 (1.99%) PaaS
9 16 (1.32%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 16 (1.32%) IaaS
10 13 (1.08%) Office 365
11 10 (0.83%) Heroku
12 6 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
13 5 (0.41%) Google Cloud Platform
14 4 (0.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 4 (0.33%) Azure Active Directory
14 4 (0.33%) Google Analytics
14 4 (0.33%) Serverless
15 3 (0.25%) SoftLayer
16 2 (0.17%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 41 (3.39%) HTTP
2 26 (2.15%) Internet
3 20 (1.66%) SMS
4 9 (0.75%) SSH
5 8 (0.66%) DNS
5 8 (0.66%) Intranet
6 3 (0.25%) Broadband
7 2 (0.17%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 207 (17.14%) SQL Server
2 151 (12.50%) MySQL
3 93 (7.70%) NoSQL
4 53 (4.39%) MongoDB
5 45 (3.73%) PostgreSQL
6 36 (2.98%) Relational Database
7 29 (2.40%) Redis
8 21 (1.74%) Couchbase
9 19 (1.57%) Azure SQL Database
10 18 (1.49%) CouchDB
10 18 (1.49%) SQL Server 2008
11 15 (1.24%) Big Data
12 13 (1.08%) SQL Server 2012
13 10 (0.83%) Endeca
14 7 (0.58%) Blockchain
14 7 (0.58%) DocumentDB
15 5 (0.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 5 (0.41%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 4 (0.33%) RDBMS
16 4 (0.33%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 469 (38.82%) Git (software)
2 222 (18.38%) gulp
3 185 (15.31%) Grunt
4 131 (10.84%) Jasmine
5 119 (9.85%) webpack
6 105 (8.69%) JIRA
7 100 (8.28%) Subversion
8 85 (7.04%) Selenium
9 82 (6.79%) Visual Studio
10 80 (6.62%) Bower
11 74 (6.13%) Karma Test Runner
12 68 (5.63%) Team Foundation Server
13 65 (5.38%) Mocha
14 48 (3.97%) Jenkins
15 45 (3.73%) Protractor
16 38 (3.15%) TeamCity
17 26 (2.15%) Octopus Deploy
18 25 (2.07%) Bitbucket
19 22 (1.82%) PostCSS
20 21 (1.74%) Sinon.JS
General
1 125 (10.35%) Marketing
2 110 (9.11%) Finance
3 65 (5.38%) Advertising
4 56 (4.64%) Retail
5 25 (2.07%) Banking
5 25 (2.07%) Legal
6 20 (1.66%) Law
7 19 (1.57%) Automotive
8 18 (1.49%) Games
9 9 (0.75%) Back Office
9 9 (0.75%) Electronics
9 9 (0.75%) Publishing
10 7 (0.58%) Investment Banking
11 5 (0.41%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.25%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.25%) Telecoms
13 2 (0.17%) French Language
13 2 (0.17%) Front Office
14 1 (0.083%) Arabic Language
Job Titles
1 1052 (87.09%) Developer
2 450 (37.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 243 (20.12%) JavaScript Developer
4 193 (15.98%) Web Developer
5 175 (14.49%) Senior Developer
6 158 (13.08%) .NET Developer
7 146 (12.09%) HTML Developer
8 124 (10.26%) HTML CSS Developer
9 120 (9.93%) C# Developer
10 107 (8.86%) Angular Developer
11 99 (8.20%) Full Stack Developer
12 98 (8.11%) PHP Developer
13 95 (7.86%) C# .NET Developer
14 80 (6.62%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 72 (5.96%) ASP.NET Developer
16 66 (5.46%) Software Developer
17 65 (5.38%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 59 (4.88%) Node.js Developer
19 58 (4.80%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 56 (4.64%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1140 (94.37%) CSS
2 1022 (84.60%) HTML
3 935 (77.40%) Sass
4 743 (61.51%) AngularJS
5 623 (51.57%) HTML5
6 560 (46.36%) CSS3
7 555 (45.94%) jQuery
8 409 (33.86%) React
9 334 (27.65%) .NET
10 284 (23.51%) Node.js
11 277 (22.93%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 229 (18.96%) ASP.NET
13 156 (12.91%) ASP.NET Web API
14 154 (12.75%) REST
15 149 (12.33%) Web Services
16 134 (11.09%) Ajax
17 124 (10.26%) RESTful
18 116 (9.60%) Backbone.js
19 112 (9.27%) JSON
20 111 (9.19%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 398 (32.95%) User Experience
2 114 (9.44%) Mobile App
3 102 (8.44%) Greenfield Project
4 84 (6.95%) Computer Science
5 52 (4.30%) Fintech
6 21 (1.74%) Linux Command Line
6 21 (1.74%) W3C
7 19 (1.57%) Cloud Native
8 17 (1.41%) Algorithms
8 17 (1.41%) Analytical Skills
8 17 (1.41%) Digital Media
9 16 (1.32%) Social Media
10 15 (1.24%) Blog
10 15 (1.24%) Graphic Design
11 13 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
12 9 (0.75%) Arduino
13 8 (0.66%) Animation
13 8 (0.66%) Data Centre
13 8 (0.66%) N-Tier
14 7 (0.58%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 99 (8.20%) Linux
2 60 (4.97%) Android
2 60 (4.97%) Apple iOS
3 36 (2.98%) Unix
3 36 (2.98%) Windows
4 4 (0.33%) Mac OS X
5 3 (0.25%) Mac OS
5 3 (0.25%) Windows Server
6 2 (0.17%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.083%) Debian
7 1 (0.083%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 542 (44.87%) Front End Development
2 537 (44.45%) Agile Software Development
3 386 (31.95%) MVC
4 333 (27.57%) Web Development
5 238 (19.70%) TDD
6 214 (17.72%) Responsive Web Design
7 198 (16.39%) Scrum
8 158 (13.08%) Unit Testing
9 156 (12.91%) OO
10 138 (11.42%) E-Commerce
11 136 (11.26%) Software Engineering
12 129 (10.68%) OOP
13 111 (9.19%) BDD
14 106 (8.77%) SEO
15 105 (8.69%) Test Automation
16 92 (7.62%) Continuous Integration
17 88 (7.28%) Web Design
18 84 (6.95%) Analytics
19 80 (6.62%) Microservices
20 72 (5.96%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 1122 (92.88%) JavaScript
2 317 (26.24%) C#
3 267 (22.10%) PHP
4 202 (16.72%) SQL
5 152 (12.58%) ES6
6 114 (9.44%) TypeScript
7 110 (9.11%) Java
8 54 (4.47%) Python
9 40 (3.31%) Ruby
10 33 (2.73%) C
11 28 (2.32%) T-SQL
12 22 (1.82%) ECMAScript
13 19 (1.57%) Scala
14 18 (1.49%) PowerShell
15 14 (1.16%) PHP 7
15 14 (1.16%) VB.NET
16 10 (0.83%) Bash Shell
17 9 (0.75%) XPath
18 7 (0.58%) Groovy
19 4 (0.33%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 141 (11.67%) Degree
2 49 (4.06%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
4 9 (0.75%) Master's Degree
5 8 (0.66%) MCSD
6 4 (0.33%) Security Cleared
7 3 (0.25%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 63 (5.22%) QA
2 6 (0.50%) WCAG
3 4 (0.33%) WAI
System Software
1 82 (6.79%) Docker
2 5 (0.41%) Varnish
3 4 (0.33%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.083%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.083%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 22 (1.82%) Kubernetes
2 19 (1.57%) Puppet
3 11 (0.91%) Ansible
4 5 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.083%) Plesk
5 1 (0.083%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 119 (9.85%) Microsoft
2 85 (7.04%) Google
3 54 (4.47%) Adobe
4 31 (2.57%) HP
5 26 (2.15%) IBM
6 23 (1.90%) Sitecore
7 22 (1.82%) Facebook
7 22 (1.82%) Xamarin
8 17 (1.41%) Twitter
9 16 (1.32%) hybris
9 16 (1.32%) SAP
10 14 (1.16%) Oracle
10 14 (1.16%) Zend
11 13 (1.08%) Marketo
12 11 (0.91%) Xero
13 10 (0.83%) BroadVision
14 8 (0.66%) Atlassian
15 7 (0.58%) Capita
15 7 (0.58%) Dell
16 6 (0.50%) GoCardless