Period
to 20 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 20 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > London
6 months to
20 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 325 342 298
Rank change year-on-year +17 -44 +84
Contract jobs citing LESS 334 255 344
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.74% 0.64% 0.79%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.01% 1.79% 2.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 284 186 266
London median daily rate £515 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +21.18% +6.25% +10.34%
10th Percentile £375 £313 £263
90th Percentile £634 £538 £559
England median daily rate £475 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +18.75% - +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
London median hourly rate - £51.00 -
England median hourly rate - £51.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year - +45.71% +27.88%

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,626 14,212 14,152
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.01% 35.71% 32.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,680 10,570 10,715
London median daily rate £501 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.37% +2.70% +5.71%
10th Percentile £363 £331 £313
90th Percentile £663 £638 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 118 100 54
London median hourly rate £44.21 £43.13 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.51% +16.55% +23.33%
10th Percentile £19.73 £19.42 £18.46
90th Percentile £74.00 £54.69 £59.25
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.26 £38.00
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.95% +8.57%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in London over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 6 months to 20 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -11 65 £500 +5.26% 23
West London -28 18 £500 +33.33% 23
South London -41 6 £450 -5.26% 2
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 20 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 323 (96.71%) CSS
2 311 (93.11%) JavaScript
3 272 (81.44%) HTML
4 243 (72.75%) Sass
5 203 (60.78%) HTML5
6 186 (55.69%) Agile Software Development
7 167 (50.00%) React
8 162 (48.50%) Front End Development
9 156 (46.71%) CSS3
10 151 (45.21%) AngularJS
11 143 (42.81%) Node.js
12 132 (39.52%) TDD
13 126 (37.72%) Git (software)
14 119 (35.63%) ES6
15 102 (30.54%) Redux
16 101 (30.24%) webpack
17 85 (25.45%) gulp
18 76 (22.75%) jQuery
19 75 (22.46%) Grunt
20 72 (21.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 68 (20.36%) Responsive Web Design
22 62 (18.56%) User Experience
23 59 (17.66%) Web Development
24 56 (16.77%) BDD
25 55 (16.47%) DevOps
26 51 (15.27%) Amazon AWS
26 51 (15.27%) Unit Testing
27 50 (14.97%) Test Automation
28 49 (14.67%) E-Commerce
29 48 (14.37%) Finance

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (3.89%) Drupal
2 11 (3.29%) JBoss
2 11 (3.29%) Tomcat
3 10 (2.99%) CMS
4 8 (2.40%) WebLogic
5 6 (1.80%) Confluence
5 6 (1.80%) Mongoose
6 5 (1.50%) WordPress
7 4 (1.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 4 (1.20%) Apache
7 4 (1.20%) nginx
8 3 (0.90%) Elasticsearch
8 3 (0.90%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.90%) Umbraco
9 2 (0.60%) EPiServer
9 2 (0.60%) IIS
10 1 (0.30%) Ethereum
10 1 (0.30%) Kentico
10 1 (0.30%) SharePoint 2013
10 1 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 16 (4.79%) Photoshop
2 6 (1.80%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (1.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.30%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 6 (1.80%) Magento
2 1 (0.30%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 51 (15.27%) Amazon AWS
2 23 (6.89%) npm
3 15 (4.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (4.49%) SaaS
4 13 (3.89%) IaaS
4 13 (3.89%) PaaS
5 6 (1.80%) Google Analytics
5 6 (1.80%) Heroku
6 5 (1.50%) Adobe Analytics
7 4 (1.20%) Google Cloud Platform
8 3 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (0.60%) GitHub
9 2 (0.60%) Google Tag Manager
10 1 (0.30%) Amazon EC2
10 1 (0.30%) Amazon ELB
10 1 (0.30%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.30%) Force.com
10 1 (0.30%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 21 (6.29%) HTTP
2 6 (1.80%) Internet
2 6 (1.80%) RTMP
3 3 (0.90%) Intranet
4 2 (0.60%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.30%) SMS
5 1 (0.30%) SSH
5 1 (0.30%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (9.58%) MongoDB
2 23 (6.89%) MySQL
3 22 (6.59%) SQL Server
4 18 (5.39%) NoSQL
5 14 (4.19%) Hadoop
6 11 (3.29%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (2.40%) Hazelcast
7 8 (2.40%) Redis
8 7 (2.10%) SQL Server 2012
9 6 (1.80%) Big Data
10 5 (1.50%) Data Mining
10 5 (1.50%) HBase
10 5 (1.50%) SQL Server 2016
11 4 (1.20%) Relational Database
12 3 (0.90%) Blockchain
12 3 (0.90%) MS Access
12 3 (0.90%) RDBMS
13 1 (0.30%) Data Warehouse
13 1 (0.30%) QGIS
Development Applications
1 126 (37.72%) Git (software)
2 101 (30.24%) webpack
3 85 (25.45%) gulp
4 75 (22.46%) Grunt
5 48 (14.37%) Jenkins
6 35 (10.48%) Jasmine
7 27 (8.08%) Selenium
8 25 (7.49%) Subversion
9 21 (6.29%) Cucumber
10 17 (5.09%) WebDriver
11 16 (4.79%) Babel
12 14 (4.19%) Karma Test Runner
13 13 (3.89%) TeamCity
14 12 (3.59%) JIRA
14 12 (3.59%) Mocha
15 10 (2.99%) Bower
15 10 (2.99%) Octopus Deploy
16 8 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 8 (2.40%) JUnit
16 8 (2.40%) PhantomJS
General
1 48 (14.37%) Finance
2 33 (9.88%) Banking
3 31 (9.28%) Retail
4 19 (5.69%) Games
4 19 (5.69%) Investment Banking
5 12 (3.59%) Front Office
6 6 (1.80%) Financial Institution
7 5 (1.50%) Marketing
8 3 (0.90%) iGaming
8 3 (0.90%) Law
9 2 (0.60%) Publishing
9 2 (0.60%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.30%) Back Office
10 1 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 304 (91.02%) Developer
2 127 (38.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 103 (30.84%) JavaScript Developer
4 76 (22.75%) React Developer
5 57 (17.07%) Senior Developer
6 47 (14.07%) HTML Developer
7 42 (12.57%) Angular Developer
8 29 (8.68%) UI Developer
9 28 (8.38%) Web Developer
10 26 (7.78%) HTML CSS Developer
11 21 (6.29%) Full Stack Developer
11 21 (6.29%) Node.js Developer
12 18 (5.39%) Java Developer
12 18 (5.39%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 14 (4.19%) Senior JavaScript Developer
14 13 (3.89%) E-Commerce Developer
14 13 (3.89%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 13 (3.89%) UI/UX Developer
14 13 (3.89%) UX Developer
15 11 (3.29%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 323 (96.71%) CSS
2 272 (81.44%) HTML
3 243 (72.75%) Sass
4 203 (60.78%) HTML5
5 167 (50.00%) React
6 156 (46.71%) CSS3
7 151 (45.21%) AngularJS
8 143 (42.81%) Node.js
9 102 (30.54%) Redux
10 76 (22.75%) jQuery
11 72 (21.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 45 (13.47%) Vue (Vue.js)
13 40 (11.98%) RESTful
14 34 (10.18%) .NET
15 32 (9.58%) Angular 2
16 31 (9.28%) REST
17 26 (7.78%) Backbone.js
18 25 (7.49%) Ajax
18 25 (7.49%) ASP.NET
19 24 (7.19%) D3.js
Miscellaneous
1 62 (18.56%) User Experience
2 25 (7.49%) Greenfield Project
3 22 (6.59%) Mobile App
4 20 (5.99%) Fintech
5 17 (5.09%) Derivative
5 17 (5.09%) Equity Derivative
6 11 (3.29%) Fixed Income
7 8 (2.40%) Management Information System
8 6 (1.80%) Computer Science
8 6 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (1.50%) Algorithms
9 5 (1.50%) Data Structures
9 5 (1.50%) Equities
10 4 (1.20%) Social Media
11 3 (0.90%) N-Tier
11 3 (0.90%) Video on Demand
11 3 (0.90%) Video\Live Streaming
12 2 (0.60%) Analytical Skills
13 1 (0.30%) Internet of Things
13 1 (0.30%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 25 (7.49%) Linux
2 12 (3.59%) Apple iOS
3 11 (3.29%) Android
4 5 (1.50%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 186 (55.69%) Agile Software Development
2 162 (48.50%) Front End Development
3 132 (39.52%) TDD
4 68 (20.36%) Responsive Web Design
5 59 (17.66%) Web Development
6 56 (16.77%) BDD
7 55 (16.47%) DevOps
8 51 (15.27%) Unit Testing
9 50 (14.97%) Test Automation
10 49 (14.67%) E-Commerce
11 46 (13.77%) MVC
12 43 (12.87%) Analytics
13 42 (12.57%) Microservices
14 37 (11.08%) Open Source
15 36 (10.78%) Pair Programming
16 33 (9.88%) Mentoring
16 33 (9.88%) Scrum
17 29 (8.68%) Continuous Integration
18 27 (8.08%) Continuous Delivery
19 26 (7.78%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 311 (93.11%) JavaScript
2 119 (35.63%) ES6
3 48 (14.37%) TypeScript
4 45 (13.47%) Java
5 34 (10.18%) ES7
6 24 (7.19%) C#
6 24 (7.19%) Scala
7 16 (4.79%) Python
8 13 (3.89%) PHP
9 12 (3.59%) Ruby
10 9 (2.69%) SQL
11 6 (1.80%) ES8
12 4 (1.20%) Clojure
13 3 (0.90%) Bash Shell
13 3 (0.90%) Java 8
13 3 (0.90%) Shell Script
14 1 (0.30%) Apex Code
14 1 (0.30%) Apple Swift
14 1 (0.30%) C++
14 1 (0.30%) Go
Qualifications
1 8 (2.40%) Degree
2 6 (1.80%) Security Cleared
3 5 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.20%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.69%) QA
2 2 (0.60%) WAI
2 2 (0.60%) WCAG
3 1 (0.30%) PMO
System Software
1 23 (6.89%) Docker
2 5 (1.50%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 21 (6.29%) Opscode Chef
2 19 (5.69%) Puppet
3 16 (4.79%) Ansible
Vendors
1 19 (5.69%) Microsoft
2 15 (4.49%) Adobe
3 14 (4.19%) Oracle
4 10 (2.99%) Google
5 5 (1.50%) MapR
6 3 (0.90%) Optimizely
7 2 (0.60%) hybris
7 2 (0.60%) Salesforce.com
7 2 (0.60%) SAP
7 2 (0.60%) Zend
8 1 (0.30%) Capita
8 1 (0.30%) Mapbox
8 1 (0.30%) Sitecore