Period
to 18 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 18 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > London
6 months to
18 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 340 301 322
Rank change year-on-year -39 +21 +66
Contract jobs citing LESS 322 337 290
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.69% 0.80% 0.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.90% 2.29% 2.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 264 258 225
London median daily rate £475 £425 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +13.33% -
10th Percentile £327 £313 £260
90th Percentile £600 £564 £583
England median daily rate £450 £400 £365
% change year-on-year +12.50% +9.59% -2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 8
London median hourly rate - - £23.87
England median hourly rate £40.00 - £24.23

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,978 14,737 14,164
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.52% 35.08% 32.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,124 11,032 10,587
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £308
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £475 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 97 78 92
London median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £38.59
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +16.61% +10.26%
10th Percentile £20.75 £20.80 £16.29
90th Percentile £47.83 £71.25 £55.00
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in London over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 6 months to 18 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -26 59 £475 +11.76% 31
West London -30 14 £500 +25.00% 29
North London -8 1 £425 +17.24% 1
South London -42 1 - - 1
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 18 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 304 (94.41%) CSS
2 284 (88.20%) JavaScript
3 273 (84.78%) HTML
4 264 (81.99%) Sass
5 197 (61.18%) Agile Software Development
6 174 (54.04%) HTML5
7 167 (51.86%) React
8 159 (49.38%) AngularJS
9 141 (43.79%) Front End Development
10 126 (39.13%) TDD
11 123 (38.20%) CSS3
12 109 (33.85%) Git (software)
13 86 (26.71%) Node.js
14 73 (22.67%) Responsive Web Design
14 73 (22.67%) ES6
14 73 (22.67%) gulp
15 72 (22.36%) User Experience
15 72 (22.36%) jQuery
16 59 (18.32%) webpack
17 58 (18.01%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 55 (17.08%) Grunt
18 55 (17.08%) Finance
19 52 (16.15%) Web Development
20 51 (15.84%) Scrum
20 51 (15.84%) TypeScript
21 46 (14.29%) Redux
22 44 (13.66%) Pair Programming
23 43 (13.35%) Jasmine
24 41 (12.73%) Angular 2
24 41 (12.73%) npm

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (5.59%) Drupal
2 13 (4.04%) Tomcat
2 13 (4.04%) WordPress
3 10 (3.11%) Apache
4 9 (2.80%) CMS
4 9 (2.80%) JBoss
5 8 (2.48%) Confluence
5 8 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (2.17%) WebLogic
7 6 (1.86%) nginx
8 5 (1.55%) EPiServer
9 4 (1.24%) Joomla!
10 3 (0.93%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.93%) WebSphere Application Server
11 2 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 2 (0.62%) Marvel
11 2 (0.62%) SharePoint
Applications
1 28 (8.70%) Photoshop
2 15 (4.66%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (1.24%) GIMP
4 2 (0.62%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.31%) InDesign
5 1 (0.31%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 6 (1.86%) Magento
2 1 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 41 (12.73%) npm
2 29 (9.01%) SaaS
3 26 (8.07%) Amazon AWS
4 24 (7.45%) Microsoft Azure
5 23 (7.14%) PaaS
6 20 (6.21%) IaaS
7 8 (2.48%) Google Analytics
8 4 (1.24%) GitHub
8 4 (1.24%) Office 365
8 4 (1.24%) Serverless
9 2 (0.62%) Azure Active Directory
9 2 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (0.62%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.17%) HTTP
2 3 (0.93%) Internet
3 2 (0.62%) Ethernet
3 2 (0.62%) Skype
3 2 (0.62%) Unified Communications
3 2 (0.62%) VPLS
4 1 (0.31%) Intranet
4 1 (0.31%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (9.32%) MySQL
2 20 (6.21%) SQL Server
3 19 (5.90%) MongoDB
4 14 (4.35%) NoSQL
5 10 (3.11%) PostgreSQL
6 9 (2.80%) Redis
7 8 (2.48%) Big Data
8 7 (2.17%) Hadoop
8 7 (2.17%) Hazelcast
8 7 (2.17%) Relational Database
9 4 (1.24%) Azure SQL Database
10 2 (0.62%) Cosmos DB
10 2 (0.62%) MS Access
10 2 (0.62%) Qlik Sense
10 2 (0.62%) QlikView
10 2 (0.62%) RDBMS
10 2 (0.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 1 (0.31%) Blockchain
11 1 (0.31%) GIS
11 1 (0.31%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 109 (33.85%) Git (software)
2 73 (22.67%) gulp
3 59 (18.32%) webpack
4 55 (17.08%) Grunt
5 43 (13.35%) Jasmine
6 40 (12.42%) Jenkins
7 26 (8.07%) Subversion
8 25 (7.76%) Mocha
8 25 (7.76%) Selenium
9 22 (6.83%) Cucumber
10 21 (6.52%) Karma Test Runner
11 16 (4.97%) JIRA
11 16 (4.97%) TeamCity
12 15 (4.66%) PhantomJS
13 12 (3.73%) WebDriver
14 11 (3.42%) JUnit
15 9 (2.80%) Bitbucket
15 9 (2.80%) Mercurial
16 8 (2.48%) Bower
16 8 (2.48%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 55 (17.08%) Finance
2 33 (10.25%) Banking
3 16 (4.97%) Investment Banking
4 15 (4.66%) Marketing
4 15 (4.66%) Retail
5 12 (3.73%) Front Office
6 9 (2.80%) Games
7 7 (2.17%) Telecoms
8 5 (1.55%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.93%) Publishing
10 2 (0.62%) Online Betting
11 1 (0.31%) Electronics
11 1 (0.31%) Law
11 1 (0.31%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 295 (91.61%) Developer
2 114 (35.40%) JavaScript Developer
3 112 (34.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 73 (22.67%) React Developer
5 69 (21.43%) HTML Developer
6 62 (19.25%) UI Developer
7 45 (13.98%) HTML CSS Developer
8 38 (11.80%) Angular Developer
9 29 (9.01%) Senior Developer
10 24 (7.45%) Full Stack Developer
11 17 (5.28%) Java Developer
11 17 (5.28%) Web Developer
12 13 (4.04%) CSS Developer
12 13 (4.04%) Drupal Developer
12 13 (4.04%) UX Developer
13 12 (3.73%) UI/UX Developer
14 11 (3.42%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 9 (2.80%) Agile Developer
15 9 (2.80%) PHP Developer
15 9 (2.80%) PHP Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 304 (94.41%) CSS
2 273 (84.78%) HTML
3 264 (81.99%) Sass
4 174 (54.04%) HTML5
5 167 (51.86%) React
6 159 (49.38%) AngularJS
7 123 (38.20%) CSS3
8 86 (26.71%) Node.js
9 72 (22.36%) jQuery
10 58 (18.01%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 46 (14.29%) Redux
12 41 (12.73%) Angular 2
13 37 (11.49%) Backbone.js
14 35 (10.87%) RESTful
15 34 (10.56%) Vue (Vue.js)
16 23 (7.14%) KnockoutJS
17 22 (6.83%) Middleware
18 21 (6.52%) .NET
19 20 (6.21%) Web Services
20 17 (5.28%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 72 (22.36%) User Experience
2 28 (8.70%) Greenfield Project
3 24 (7.45%) Fintech
4 22 (6.83%) Derivative
4 22 (6.83%) Equity Derivative
5 12 (3.73%) Mobile App
5 12 (3.73%) Social Media
6 10 (3.11%) W3C
7 9 (2.80%) Virtual Team
8 8 (2.48%) Equities
9 7 (2.17%) Algorithms
9 7 (2.17%) Data Structures
10 6 (1.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 4 (1.24%) Analytical Skills
12 3 (0.93%) iPad
12 3 (0.93%) Online Games
13 2 (0.62%) Animation
13 2 (0.62%) NHS
13 2 (0.62%) Video on Demand
13 2 (0.62%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 7 (2.17%) Linux
2 4 (1.24%) Android
2 4 (1.24%) Apple iOS
2 4 (1.24%) Mac OS X
3 1 (0.31%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 197 (61.18%) Agile Software Development
2 141 (43.79%) Front End Development
3 126 (39.13%) TDD
4 73 (22.67%) Responsive Web Design
5 52 (16.15%) Web Development
6 51 (15.84%) Scrum
7 44 (13.66%) Pair Programming
8 39 (12.11%) BDD
9 38 (11.80%) DevOps
10 34 (10.56%) OO
11 33 (10.25%) Test Automation
12 32 (9.94%) E-Commerce
13 30 (9.32%) SDLC
14 29 (9.01%) Technical Analysis
15 28 (8.70%) Continuous Integration
16 26 (8.07%) Mentoring
17 25 (7.76%) MVC
18 23 (7.14%) Analytics
19 22 (6.83%) Unit Testing
20 19 (5.90%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
Programming Languages
1 284 (88.20%) JavaScript
2 73 (22.67%) ES6
3 51 (15.84%) TypeScript
4 37 (11.49%) Java
5 18 (5.59%) C#
6 13 (4.04%) SQL
7 12 (3.73%) PHP
7 12 (3.73%) Python
8 7 (2.17%) ES7
9 6 (1.86%) Scala
10 4 (1.24%) Bash Shell
10 4 (1.24%) Groovy
10 4 (1.24%) Shell Script
11 2 (0.62%) T-SQL
12 1 (0.31%) Apple Swift
12 1 (0.31%) C
12 1 (0.31%) Objective-C
12 1 (0.31%) Perl
12 1 (0.31%) PowerShell
12 1 (0.31%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 7 (2.17%) Degree
2 2 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
3 1 (0.31%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (0.93%) WCAG
2 2 (0.62%) QA
2 2 (0.62%) WAI
System Software
1 38 (11.80%) Docker
2 2 (0.62%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 32 (9.94%) Opscode Chef
2 22 (6.83%) Ansible
3 2 (0.62%) Terraform
Vendors
1 20 (6.21%) Microsoft
2 12 (3.73%) Oracle
3 10 (3.11%) Google
4 6 (1.86%) Adobe
5 4 (1.24%) hybris
5 4 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
6 3 (0.93%) ATG
6 3 (0.93%) Demandware
7 2 (0.62%) ServiceNow
7 2 (0.62%) Sun
7 2 (0.62%) TOWER Software
8 1 (0.31%) Apple
8 1 (0.31%) Atlassian
8 1 (0.31%) Capita
8 1 (0.31%) SAP