The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 23 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
23 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England / London
Rank 296 276 288
Rank change year-on-year -20 +12  
Contract jobs citing LESS 107 145 121
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.56% 0.66% 0.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.60% 2.07% 1.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 72 114 89
Median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.66%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £315 £283 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £523 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £340 £350 £325
% change year-on-year -2.85% +7.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £27.37
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 6686 6989 6301
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London 34.81% 31.78% 30.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 4978 5229 4550
Median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.55% +5.88%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £345 £325 £313
10% offered a daily rate of more than £613 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 30 27
Median hourly rate £47.50 £48.92 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.89% +78.71%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.35 £22.00 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £100.00 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.55%  

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in London citing LESS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in London over the 3 months to 23 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 3 months to 23 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -1 11 £425 -15.00% 12
LESS
England

LESS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 23 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 234 (93.60%) CSS
2 231 (92.40%) JavaScript
3 226 (90.40%) HTML
4 208 (83.20%) Sass
5 180 (72.00%) HTML5
6 169 (67.60%) CSS3
7 126 (50.40%) Front End Development
8 117 (46.80%) Agile Software Development
9 109 (43.60%) AngularJS
10 104 (41.60%) React
11 88 (35.20%) jQuery
12 79 (31.60%) Git (software)
13 71 (28.40%) Node.js
14 66 (26.40%) Responsive Web Design
15 58 (23.20%) TDD
16 55 (22.00%) Grunt
17 52 (20.80%) MVC
18 50 (20.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 50 (20.00%) User Experience
18 50 (20.00%) gulp
19 49 (19.60%) Web Development
20 48 (19.20%) RESTful
21 47 (18.80%) Scrum
22 40 (16.00%) Finance
22 40 (16.00%) OO
23 39 (15.60%) Ajax
24 38 (15.20%) Jasmine
25 34 (13.60%) Photoshop
26 33 (13.20%) Backbone.js
27 31 (12.40%) Unit Testing

LESS
Top Related IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (4.40%) Confluence
2 5 (2.00%) Apache
2 5 (2.00%) CMS
2 5 (2.00%) Tomcat
2 5 (2.00%) Umbraco
3 3 (1.20%) WordPress
4 2 (0.80%) JBoss
5 1 (0.40%) Documentum
5 1 (0.40%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.40%) EPiServer
5 1 (0.40%) GlassFish
5 1 (0.40%) IIS
5 1 (0.40%) WebLogic
Applications
1 34 (13.60%) Photoshop
2 6 (2.40%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 7 (2.80%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 10 (4.00%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (3.20%) GitHub
3 2 (0.80%) Microsoft Azure
4 1 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 18 (7.20%) HTTP
2 11 (4.40%) DNS
2 11 (4.40%) SSL
3 2 (0.80%) DSL
3 2 (0.80%) Internet
3 2 (0.80%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
3 2 (0.80%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.40%) LDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (5.20%) MySQL
2 7 (2.80%) SQL Server
3 5 (2.00%) Relational Database
4 3 (1.20%) Blockchain
4 3 (1.20%) PostgreSQL
4 3 (1.20%) SQL Server 2008
5 2 (0.80%) NoSQL
5 2 (0.80%) Oracle Database
6 1 (0.40%) Azure SQL Database
6 1 (0.40%) Hadoop
6 1 (0.40%) SQL Server 2014
6 1 (0.40%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 79 (31.60%) Git (software)
2 55 (22.00%) Grunt
3 50 (20.00%) gulp
4 38 (15.20%) Jasmine
5 28 (11.20%) Karma Test Runner
6 27 (10.80%) webpack
7 22 (8.80%) Subversion
8 21 (8.40%) Selenium
9 19 (7.60%) JIRA
9 19 (7.60%) Mocha
10 18 (7.20%) Jenkins
11 17 (6.80%) Bower
12 14 (5.60%) Cucumber
13 12 (4.80%) Protractor
13 12 (4.80%) QUnit
13 12 (4.80%) WebDriver
14 11 (4.40%) JSHint
14 11 (4.40%) Maven
15 9 (3.60%) Balsamiq Mockups
16 8 (3.20%) Mercurial
General
1 40 (16.00%) Finance
2 21 (8.40%) Banking
3 14 (5.60%) Retail
4 7 (2.80%) Advertising
4 7 (2.80%) Marketing
5 6 (2.40%) Czech Language
6 3 (1.20%) Front Office
6 3 (1.20%) Publishing
6 3 (1.20%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.40%) Automotive
7 1 (0.40%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.40%) Games
7 1 (0.40%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.40%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 228 (91.20%) Developer
2 126 (50.40%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 80 (32.00%) JavaScript Developer
4 33 (13.20%) HTML Developer
5 32 (12.80%) Angular Developer
6 26 (10.40%) HTML CSS Developer
7 25 (10.00%) UI Developer
8 23 (9.20%) Senior Developer
9 19 (7.60%) Web Developer
10 16 (6.40%) Full Stack Developer
11 13 (5.20%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 13 (5.20%) Senior JavaScript Developer
12 12 (4.80%) C# Developer
13 9 (3.60%) JavaScript Engineer
14 8 (3.20%) .NET Developer
14 8 (3.20%) C# .NET Developer
14 8 (3.20%) Node.js Developer
14 8 (3.20%) Web UI Developer
15 6 (2.40%) Java Developer
15 6 (2.40%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 234 (93.60%) CSS
2 226 (90.40%) HTML
3 208 (83.20%) Sass
4 180 (72.00%) HTML5
5 169 (67.60%) CSS3
6 109 (43.60%) AngularJS
7 104 (41.60%) React
8 88 (35.20%) jQuery
9 71 (28.40%) Node.js
10 50 (20.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 48 (19.20%) RESTful
12 39 (15.60%) Ajax
13 33 (13.20%) Backbone.js
14 30 (12.00%) JSON
15 21 (8.40%) Redux
15 21 (8.40%) Web Services
16 20 (8.00%) DOM
17 19 (7.60%) .NET
18 18 (7.20%) REST
19 17 (6.80%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 50 (20.00%) User Experience
2 13 (5.20%) Graphic Design
3 11 (4.40%) W3C
4 9 (3.60%) Enterprise Software
5 7 (2.80%) Computer Science
6 5 (2.00%) Fintech
7 4 (1.60%) Management Information System
7 4 (1.60%) Mobile App
8 3 (1.20%) Minimum Viable Product
8 3 (1.20%) NHS
8 3 (1.20%) Video on Demand
9 2 (0.80%) Digital Media
9 2 (0.80%) Hedge funds
9 2 (0.80%) Social Media
10 1 (0.40%) Animation
10 1 (0.40%) Equities
10 1 (0.40%) Fixed Income
10 1 (0.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 1 (0.40%) iPad
10 1 (0.40%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 18 (7.20%) Linux
2 4 (1.60%) Windows
3 3 (1.20%) Windows Server
3 3 (1.20%) Windows Server 2008
3 3 (1.20%) Windows Server 2012
4 1 (0.40%) Android
4 1 (0.40%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.40%) Solaris
4 1 (0.40%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 126 (50.40%) Front End Development
2 117 (46.80%) Agile Software Development
3 66 (26.40%) Responsive Web Design
4 58 (23.20%) TDD
5 52 (20.80%) MVC
6 49 (19.60%) Web Development
7 47 (18.80%) Scrum
8 40 (16.00%) OO
9 31 (12.40%) Unit Testing
10 30 (12.00%) E-Commerce
11 26 (10.40%) BDD
12 20 (8.00%) Wireframes
13 18 (7.20%) Continuous Integration
13 18 (7.20%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
14 17 (6.80%) Software Engineering
15 15 (6.00%) Mobile First
16 14 (5.60%) OOP
16 14 (5.60%) Web Design
17 12 (4.80%) Pair Programming
17 12 (4.80%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 231 (92.40%) JavaScript
2 25 (10.00%) C#
3 24 (9.60%) ES6
4 22 (8.80%) Java
5 21 (8.40%) PHP
6 9 (3.60%) Python
6 9 (3.60%) TypeScript
7 8 (3.20%) Ruby
8 5 (2.00%) SQL
9 4 (1.60%) Scala
10 3 (1.20%) Groovy
11 2 (0.80%) R
12 1 (0.40%) Clojure
12 1 (0.40%) Erlang
12 1 (0.40%) Go
12 1 (0.40%) Haskell
12 1 (0.40%) Lisp
12 1 (0.40%) Perl
12 1 (0.40%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 13 (5.20%) Degree
2 9 (3.60%) Security Cleared
3 8 (3.20%) SC Cleared
4 6 (2.40%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.20%) WCAG
2 2 (0.80%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.40%) QA
3 1 (0.40%) WAI
System Software
1 3 (1.20%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (1.20%) Puppet
Vendors
1 10 (4.00%) Adobe
2 6 (2.40%) Microsoft
3 4 (1.60%) hybris
3 4 (1.60%) Oracle
4 3 (1.20%) Atlassian
4 3 (1.20%) SAP
5 1 (0.40%) EMC
5 1 (0.40%) FatWire
5 1 (0.40%) Google
5 1 (0.40%) Perforce
5 1 (0.40%) Sitecore
5 1 (0.40%) Telerik
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