Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > London
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 427 345 290
Rank change year-on-year -82 -55 +66
Contract jobs citing LESS 211 337 365
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.45% 0.71% 0.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.15% 1.93% 2.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 163 282 288
London median daily rate £500 £475 £419
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +13.43% +11.67%
10th Percentile £326 £330 £312
90th Percentile £635 £600 £564
England median daily rate £435 £450 £400
% change year-on-year -3.33% +12.50% +6.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
London median hourly rate £47.50 - -
England median hourly rate £47.50 £40.00 -
% change year-on-year +18.75% - -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,363 17,439 15,423
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.11% 36.99% 34.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,889 13,353 11,489
London median daily rate £525 £500 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.38% +4.44%
10th Percentile £370 £350 £320
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £468 £425
% change year-on-year +1.60% +10.00% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 83 100 71
London median hourly rate £39.38 £30.19 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +30.45% -24.54% +15.94%
10th Percentile £20.91 £19.00 £19.23
90th Percentile £62.10 £47.83 £57.50
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £39.60
% change year-on-year +3.75% +1.01% +5.60%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in London over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -42 38 £500 +5.26% 27
West London +2 16 £375 -8.54% 18
South London -15 8 £500 - 1
East London - 1 £575 - 3
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 195 (92.42%) JavaScript
2 194 (91.94%) CSS
3 178 (84.36%) HTML
4 166 (78.67%) Sass
5 131 (62.09%) HTML5
6 129 (61.14%) Agile Software Development
7 113 (53.55%) AngularJS
8 98 (46.45%) Front End Development
9 88 (41.71%) CSS3
10 82 (38.86%) React
11 80 (37.91%) Git (software)
12 79 (37.44%) TDD
13 62 (29.38%) Node.js
14 61 (28.91%) User Experience
15 55 (26.07%) ES6
16 47 (22.27%) TypeScript
16 47 (22.27%) Web Development
17 46 (21.80%) OO
18 44 (20.85%) BDD
19 42 (19.91%) jQuery
20 37 (17.54%) Redux
21 36 (17.06%) Grunt
21 36 (17.06%) Responsive Web Design
22 33 (15.64%) Angular 2
23 31 (14.69%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 31 (14.69%) MVC
24 30 (14.22%) Jasmine
25 28 (13.27%) Karma Test Runner
25 28 (13.27%) Test Automation
25 28 (13.27%) E-Commerce

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (5.69%) CMS
2 8 (3.79%) WordPress
3 5 (2.37%) Confluence
4 3 (1.42%) Drupal
5 2 (0.95%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 2 (0.95%) SharePoint
5 2 (0.95%) SharePoint 2013
6 1 (0.47%) IIS
6 1 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
6 1 (0.47%) Umbraco
6 1 (0.47%) WebSphere
Applications
1 23 (10.90%) Photoshop
2 6 (2.84%) Fireworks
3 1 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.47%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.47%) GIMP
3 1 (0.47%) InVision
Business Applications
1 1 (0.47%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 21 (9.95%) Amazon AWS
2 19 (9.00%) Google Cloud Platform
3 11 (5.21%) npm
4 6 (2.84%) IaaS
4 6 (2.84%) PaaS
5 4 (1.90%) AWS Lambda
5 4 (1.90%) Microsoft Azure
5 4 (1.90%) Serverless
6 3 (1.42%) Amazon Kinesis
6 3 (1.42%) AWS CloudFormation
6 3 (1.42%) GitHub
7 2 (0.95%) Adobe Analytics
7 2 (0.95%) Firebase
8 1 (0.47%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.47%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.47%) CloudFront
8 1 (0.47%) Route 53
8 1 (0.47%) SaaS
8 1 (0.47%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 16 (7.58%) HTTP
2 10 (4.74%) Internet
3 3 (1.42%) RTMP
4 1 (0.47%) HbbTV
4 1 (0.47%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (8.53%) PostgreSQL
2 7 (3.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 7 (3.32%) MongoDB
3 5 (2.37%) NoSQL
4 4 (1.90%) Big Data
4 4 (1.90%) SQL Server
5 3 (1.42%) Cosmos DB
5 3 (1.42%) Hadoop
5 3 (1.42%) HBase
5 3 (1.42%) SQL Server 2012
6 2 (0.95%) Blockchain
6 2 (0.95%) MySQL
6 2 (0.95%) SQL Server 2016
7 1 (0.47%) Azure SQL Database
7 1 (0.47%) Redis
Development Applications
1 80 (37.91%) Git (software)
2 36 (17.06%) Grunt
3 30 (14.22%) Jasmine
4 28 (13.27%) Karma Test Runner
5 27 (12.80%) gulp
5 27 (12.80%) webpack
6 23 (10.90%) Selenium
7 22 (10.43%) WebDriver
8 17 (8.06%) Jenkins
9 15 (7.11%) JIRA
10 14 (6.64%) Mocha
11 9 (4.27%) Cucumber
11 9 (4.27%) Subversion
11 9 (4.27%) TeamCity
12 6 (2.84%) Hudson
12 6 (2.84%) Maven
13 4 (1.90%) Babel
13 4 (1.90%) Bower
13 4 (1.90%) Protractor
13 4 (1.90%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 24 (11.37%) Finance
2 9 (4.27%) Banking
2 9 (4.27%) Front Office
3 6 (2.84%) Investment Banking
4 3 (1.42%) Electronics
5 2 (0.95%) Financial Institution
5 2 (0.95%) Games
5 2 (0.95%) Law
5 2 (0.95%) Retail
6 1 (0.47%) Back Office
6 1 (0.47%) Legal
6 1 (0.47%) Marketing
6 1 (0.47%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 188 (89.10%) Developer
2 80 (37.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 45 (21.33%) JavaScript Developer
4 38 (18.01%) HTML Developer
5 32 (15.17%) React Developer
6 27 (12.80%) HTML CSS Developer
7 22 (10.43%) UI Developer
8 21 (9.95%) Full Stack Developer
9 20 (9.48%) Lead Developer
9 20 (9.48%) Senior Developer
10 18 (8.53%) Angular Developer
10 18 (8.53%) C# Developer
11 16 (7.58%) Web Developer
12 9 (4.27%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 8 (3.79%) .NET Developer
13 8 (3.79%) C# .NET Developer
14 6 (2.84%) CSS Developer
15 5 (2.37%) JavaScript Engineer
16 4 (1.90%) Senior JavaScript Developer
16 4 (1.90%) UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 194 (91.94%) CSS
2 178 (84.36%) HTML
3 166 (78.67%) Sass
4 131 (62.09%) HTML5
5 113 (53.55%) AngularJS
6 88 (41.71%) CSS3
7 82 (38.86%) React
8 62 (29.38%) Node.js
9 42 (19.91%) jQuery
10 37 (17.54%) Redux
11 33 (15.64%) Angular 2
12 31 (14.69%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 26 (12.32%) JSON
13 26 (12.32%) REST
14 24 (11.37%) Ajax
14 24 (11.37%) RESTful
15 22 (10.43%) .NET
16 18 (8.53%) .NET Framework
17 16 (7.58%) ASP.NET
17 16 (7.58%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 61 (28.91%) User Experience
2 28 (13.27%) Fintech
3 21 (9.95%) Greenfield Project
3 21 (9.95%) Self-Motivation
4 17 (8.06%) Data Structures
5 9 (4.27%) Derivative
5 9 (4.27%) Equity Derivative
6 8 (3.79%) Fixed Income
6 8 (3.79%) Video\Live Streaming
7 6 (2.84%) Mobile App
8 4 (1.90%) Reinsurance
8 4 (1.90%) W3C
9 3 (1.42%) Equities
9 3 (1.42%) Internet of Things
10 2 (0.95%) Management Information System
10 2 (0.95%) Video on Demand
10 2 (0.95%) Virtual Team
11 1 (0.47%) Analytical Skills
11 1 (0.47%) Enterprise Software
11 1 (0.47%) Vector Graphics
Operating Systems
1 6 (2.84%) Linux
2 3 (1.42%) Android
2 3 (1.42%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.47%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 129 (61.14%) Agile Software Development
2 98 (46.45%) Front End Development
3 79 (37.44%) TDD
4 47 (22.27%) Web Development
5 46 (21.80%) OO
6 44 (20.85%) BDD
7 36 (17.06%) Responsive Web Design
8 31 (14.69%) MVC
9 28 (13.27%) E-Commerce
9 28 (13.27%) Test Automation
10 23 (10.90%) Continuous Integration
11 22 (10.43%) Scrum
12 20 (9.48%) API Development
13 19 (9.00%) OOP
14 16 (7.58%) Mentoring
14 16 (7.58%) Pair Programming
14 16 (7.58%) Project Management
14 16 (7.58%) Unit Testing
15 15 (7.11%) Kanban
16 14 (6.64%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 195 (92.42%) JavaScript
2 55 (26.07%) ES6
3 47 (22.27%) TypeScript
4 22 (10.43%) C#
5 20 (9.48%) Java
6 9 (4.27%) PHP
7 8 (3.79%) ES7
7 8 (3.79%) Python
8 6 (2.84%) Go
9 4 (1.90%) Ruby
10 2 (0.95%) Apple Swift
10 2 (0.95%) Kotlin
10 2 (0.95%) Objective-C
11 1 (0.47%) R
11 1 (0.47%) SQL
Qualifications
1 7 (3.32%) Degree
1 7 (3.32%) Security Cleared
2 6 (2.84%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.37%) QA
System Software
1 15 (7.11%) Docker
2 3 (1.42%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 12 (5.69%) Kubernetes
2 5 (2.37%) Prometheus
3 1 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 22 (10.43%) Adobe
1 22 (10.43%) Google
2 13 (6.16%) Microsoft
3 3 (1.42%) MapR
4 2 (0.95%) hybris
4 2 (0.95%) Oracle
4 2 (0.95%) Xerox
5 1 (0.47%) IBM
5 1 (0.47%) Sitecore