Period
to 21 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 21 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > London
6 months to
21 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 368 321 279
Rank change year-on-year -47 -42 +104
Contract jobs citing LESS 277 321 411
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.60% 0.72% 0.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.53% 1.96% 2.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 223 257 324
London median daily rate £500 £450 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +9.76% +9.33%
10th Percentile £368 £323 £290
90th Percentile £635 £575 £588
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
London median hourly rate £47.50 £51.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.86% - -
England median hourly rate £47.50 £45.50 -
% change year-on-year +4.40% - -

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,052 16,385 15,235
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.38% 36.94% 33.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,642 12,290 11,470
London median daily rate £515 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £369 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 90 106 62
London median hourly rate £43.83 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.24% -12.50% +14.29%
10th Percentile £20.83 £18.25 £19.00
90th Percentile £73.00 £51.00 £78.43
England median hourly rate £42.13 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +5.31% +9.59% -1.40%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in London over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -23 52 £500 +9.89% 21
West London -20 13 £500 +33.33% 23
South London -33 5 £475 - 2
East London - 1 £575 - 5
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 21 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 264 (95.31%) CSS
2 254 (91.70%) JavaScript
3 221 (79.78%) HTML
4 219 (79.06%) Sass
5 165 (59.57%) HTML5
6 155 (55.96%) Agile Software Development
7 141 (50.90%) Front End Development
8 138 (49.82%) AngularJS
9 127 (45.85%) CSS3
10 116 (41.88%) TDD
11 115 (41.52%) React
12 104 (37.55%) Node.js
13 99 (35.74%) Git (software)
14 92 (33.21%) ES6
15 81 (29.24%) User Experience
16 67 (24.19%) Redux
17 63 (22.74%) webpack
18 61 (22.02%) jQuery
18 61 (22.02%) BDD
19 60 (21.66%) TypeScript
20 56 (20.22%) Web Development
21 55 (19.86%) gulp
22 49 (17.69%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 47 (16.97%) Responsive Web Design
24 46 (16.61%) Finance
25 45 (16.25%) Grunt
26 44 (15.88%) E-Commerce
27 37 (13.36%) OO
28 36 (13.00%) Java
28 36 (13.00%) REST

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (2.17%) CMS
2 5 (1.81%) WordPress
3 4 (1.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 4 (1.44%) Confluence
3 4 (1.44%) SharePoint
4 2 (0.72%) Drupal
4 2 (0.72%) IIS
4 2 (0.72%) SharePoint 2013
4 2 (0.72%) Umbraco
5 1 (0.36%) Apache
5 1 (0.36%) Ethereum
5 1 (0.36%) nginx
Applications
1 12 (4.33%) Photoshop
2 6 (2.17%) Fireworks
3 4 (1.44%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.36%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.36%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 1 (0.36%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 32 (11.55%) Amazon AWS
2 13 (4.69%) Google Cloud Platform
3 12 (4.33%) Microsoft Azure
4 11 (3.97%) npm
5 5 (1.81%) Adobe Analytics
5 5 (1.81%) Heroku
6 3 (1.08%) GitHub
7 2 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
7 2 (0.72%) Amazon S3
7 2 (0.72%) IaaS
7 2 (0.72%) PaaS
7 2 (0.72%) Route 53
7 2 (0.72%) SaaS
8 1 (0.36%) Amazon ELB
8 1 (0.36%) Amazon Kinesis
8 1 (0.36%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (0.36%) CloudFront
8 1 (0.36%) Force.com
8 1 (0.36%) Serverless
8 1 (0.36%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 22 (7.94%) HTTP
2 12 (4.33%) Internet
3 7 (2.53%) RTMP
4 2 (0.72%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.36%) HbbTV
5 1 (0.36%) Intranet
5 1 (0.36%) SMS
5 1 (0.36%) SSH
5 1 (0.36%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (6.50%) MongoDB
2 17 (6.14%) PostgreSQL
3 9 (3.25%) Big Data
3 9 (3.25%) SQL Server
4 8 (2.89%) Hadoop
4 8 (2.89%) NoSQL
5 7 (2.53%) HBase
5 7 (2.53%) SQL Server 2012
6 6 (2.17%) MySQL
7 5 (1.81%) SQL Server 2016
8 4 (1.44%) Data Mining
9 2 (0.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 2 (0.72%) Cosmos DB
10 1 (0.36%) Azure SQL Database
10 1 (0.36%) Blockchain
10 1 (0.36%) Data Warehouse
10 1 (0.36%) QGIS
10 1 (0.36%) Redis
10 1 (0.36%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 99 (35.74%) Git (software)
2 63 (22.74%) webpack
3 55 (19.86%) gulp
4 45 (16.25%) Grunt
5 33 (11.91%) Selenium
6 27 (9.75%) Jasmine
6 27 (9.75%) WebDriver
7 22 (7.94%) Jenkins
8 16 (5.78%) Karma Test Runner
9 15 (5.42%) JIRA
10 14 (5.05%) Babel
10 14 (5.05%) Cucumber
11 10 (3.61%) Mocha
12 9 (3.25%) TeamCity
13 8 (2.89%) Team Foundation Server
14 7 (2.53%) Subversion
15 6 (2.17%) Hudson
15 6 (2.17%) Maven
16 5 (1.81%) Octopus Deploy
17 4 (1.44%) Bower
General
1 46 (16.61%) Finance
2 27 (9.75%) Banking
3 18 (6.50%) Front Office
3 18 (6.50%) Investment Banking
4 17 (6.14%) Retail
5 11 (3.97%) Games
6 6 (2.17%) Financial Institution
7 3 (1.08%) Electronics
8 1 (0.36%) Back Office
8 1 (0.36%) Law
8 1 (0.36%) Marketing
8 1 (0.36%) Music Industry
8 1 (0.36%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 243 (87.73%) Developer
2 119 (42.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 64 (23.10%) JavaScript Developer
4 52 (18.77%) React Developer
5 43 (15.52%) HTML Developer
5 43 (15.52%) Senior Developer
6 33 (11.91%) HTML CSS Developer
7 28 (10.11%) Web Developer
8 24 (8.66%) Angular Developer
9 21 (7.58%) Lead Developer
10 19 (6.86%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 19 (6.86%) UI Developer
11 18 (6.50%) Full Stack Developer
12 15 (5.42%) C# Developer
13 13 (4.69%) UI/UX Developer
13 13 (4.69%) UX Developer
14 12 (4.33%) Senior JavaScript Developer
15 11 (3.97%) CSS Developer
16 10 (3.61%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 10 (3.61%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 264 (95.31%) CSS
2 221 (79.78%) HTML
3 219 (79.06%) Sass
4 165 (59.57%) HTML5
5 138 (49.82%) AngularJS
6 127 (45.85%) CSS3
7 115 (41.52%) React
8 104 (37.55%) Node.js
9 67 (24.19%) Redux
10 61 (22.02%) jQuery
11 49 (17.69%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 36 (13.00%) REST
13 33 (11.91%) Angular 2
14 32 (11.55%) .NET
15 28 (10.11%) ASP.NET
15 28 (10.11%) JSON
16 23 (8.30%) RESTful
17 22 (7.94%) Enzyme
18 21 (7.58%) Ajax
18 21 (7.58%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 81 (29.24%) User Experience
2 22 (7.94%) Greenfield Project
3 19 (6.86%) Data Structures
3 19 (6.86%) Fintech
3 19 (6.86%) Mobile App
3 19 (6.86%) Self-Motivation
4 18 (6.50%) Derivative
4 18 (6.50%) Equity Derivative
5 16 (5.78%) Fixed Income
6 7 (2.53%) Management Information System
7 6 (2.17%) Computer Science
7 6 (2.17%) Equities
8 4 (1.44%) Video\Live Streaming
9 3 (1.08%) Algorithms
9 3 (1.08%) Internet of Things
9 3 (1.08%) Video on Demand
9 3 (1.08%) Virtual Team
10 2 (0.72%) Analytical Skills
10 2 (0.72%) Reinsurance
11 1 (0.36%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 12 (4.33%) Apple iOS
2 11 (3.97%) Android
3 10 (3.61%) Linux
4 3 (1.08%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 155 (55.96%) Agile Software Development
2 141 (50.90%) Front End Development
3 116 (41.88%) TDD
4 61 (22.02%) BDD
5 56 (20.22%) Web Development
6 47 (16.97%) Responsive Web Design
7 44 (15.88%) E-Commerce
8 37 (13.36%) OO
9 35 (12.64%) Test Automation
10 34 (12.27%) MVC
11 30 (10.83%) Scrum
12 29 (10.47%) Continuous Integration
12 29 (10.47%) Mentoring
13 26 (9.39%) DevOps
14 25 (9.03%) Pair Programming
14 25 (9.03%) Unit Testing
15 23 (8.30%) API Development
15 23 (8.30%) BEM - Block Element Modifier
16 22 (7.94%) Analytics
16 22 (7.94%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 254 (91.70%) JavaScript
2 92 (33.21%) ES6
3 60 (21.66%) TypeScript
4 36 (13.00%) Java
5 26 (9.39%) C#
6 21 (7.58%) ES7
7 13 (4.69%) Python
8 12 (4.33%) Ruby
9 8 (2.89%) PHP
10 6 (2.17%) Scala
10 6 (2.17%) SQL
11 5 (1.81%) ES8
12 3 (1.08%) Go
13 2 (0.72%) Apple Swift
13 2 (0.72%) Clojure
14 1 (0.36%) Apex Code
14 1 (0.36%) Kotlin
14 1 (0.36%) Objective-C
14 1 (0.36%) R
14 1 (0.36%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 13 (4.69%) Degree
2 6 (2.17%) Security Cleared
3 5 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.44%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (3.61%) QA
2 2 (0.72%) WAI
2 2 (0.72%) WCAG
3 1 (0.36%) PMO
System Software
1 14 (5.05%) Docker
2 7 (2.53%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 8 (2.89%) Kubernetes
2 6 (2.17%) Puppet
3 3 (1.08%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (0.72%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 19 (6.86%) Adobe
2 16 (5.78%) Microsoft
3 14 (5.05%) Google
4 7 (2.53%) MapR
5 3 (1.08%) Capita
6 2 (0.72%) SAP
7 1 (0.36%) Mapbox
7 1 (0.36%) Optimizely
7 1 (0.36%) Oracle
7 1 (0.36%) Salesforce.com