The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 3 months to 25 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England / London
3 months to
25 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 266 239 329
Rank change year-on-year -27 +90  
Contract jobs citing LESS 154 196 106
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.75% 0.92% 0.45%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.10% 2.83% 1.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 120 153 82
Median daily rate £450 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +14.28%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £336 £279 £200
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £534 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £368 £413 £350
% change year-on-year -10.90% +17.85%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £51.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £17.86

LESS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 7331 6935 7333
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London 35.83% 32.44% 31.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 5444 5322 5317
Median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.55% +5.88%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £325 £310
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 25 50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +77.77%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.00 £20.00 £16.13
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £190.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in London citing LESS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in London over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 3 months to 25 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -18 14 £518 +29.37% 9
Hammersmith - 2 £376 -
West End of London +7 1 £363 -19.44% 1
Croydon 0 1 £525 +16.66% 1
Feltham - 1 £351 -
Hounslow - 1 £375 -
Surbiton - 1 £425 -
Chiswick - 1 £375 -
Brentford - 1 £375 -
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 25 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 252 (95.82%) CSS
2 242 (92.02%) JavaScript
3 229 (87.07%) HTML
4 214 (81.37%) Sass
5 189 (71.86%) HTML5
6 183 (69.58%) CSS3
7 143 (54.37%) Agile Software Development
8 118 (44.87%) React
8 118 (44.87%) Front End Development
9 111 (42.21%) Node.js
10 110 (41.83%) AngularJS
11 105 (39.92%) Git (software)
12 102 (38.78%) jQuery
13 100 (38.02%) TDD
14 63 (23.95%) Scrum
15 58 (22.05%) Responsive Web Design
16 55 (20.91%) OO
17 53 (20.15%) RESTful
17 53 (20.15%) gulp
18 52 (19.77%) MVC
19 51 (19.39%) BDD
19 51 (19.39%) ES6
20 50 (19.01%) User Experience
21 48 (18.25%) Twitter Bootstrap
22 46 (17.49%) Finance
22 46 (17.49%) C#
23 45 (17.11%) Web Development
24 41 (15.59%) JSON
25 38 (14.45%) Test Automation
25 38 (14.45%) .NET

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (7.98%) Confluence
2 17 (6.46%) CMS
3 10 (3.80%) Tomcat
4 9 (3.42%) Apache
4 9 (3.42%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (3.04%) WordPress
6 6 (2.28%) EPiServer
6 6 (2.28%) JBoss
7 5 (1.90%) nginx
7 5 (1.90%) WebLogic
7 5 (1.90%) WebSphere
8 4 (1.52%) Umbraco
9 3 (1.14%) Sitecore CMS
10 2 (0.76%) Drupal
11 1 (0.38%) Apache Solr
11 1 (0.38%) GlassFish
11 1 (0.38%) OpenStack
Applications
1 24 (9.13%) Photoshop
2 4 (1.52%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 9 (3.42%) Magento
2 3 (1.14%) Eloqua
3 2 (0.76%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.38%) Remedy AR System
4 1 (0.38%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 20 (7.60%) Amazon AWS
2 10 (3.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 8 (3.04%) GitHub
4 5 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
5 4 (1.52%) SaaS
6 3 (1.14%) IaaS
6 3 (1.14%) PaaS
7 1 (0.38%) Adobe Analytics
7 1 (0.38%) Akamai
7 1 (0.38%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 9 (3.42%) HTTP
2 8 (3.04%) Internet
3 2 (0.76%) DNS
3 2 (0.76%) DSL
3 2 (0.76%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
3 2 (0.76%) SSL
4 1 (0.38%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (7.22%) SQL Server
2 12 (4.56%) MySQL
3 11 (4.18%) MongoDB
4 10 (3.80%) NoSQL
5 5 (1.90%) MS Access
6 3 (1.14%) Aerospike
6 3 (1.14%) Blockchain
6 3 (1.14%) Couchbase
6 3 (1.14%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (1.14%) Relational Database
7 2 (0.76%) Oracle Database
7 2 (0.76%) SQL Server 2014
8 1 (0.38%) Azure SQL Database
8 1 (0.38%) Big Data
8 1 (0.38%) Hadoop
8 1 (0.38%) HBase
8 1 (0.38%) SQL Server 2016
8 1 (0.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 105 (39.92%) Git (software)
2 53 (20.15%) gulp
3 36 (13.69%) Grunt
4 35 (13.31%) Subversion
5 34 (12.93%) Jasmine
6 32 (12.17%) Jenkins
6 32 (12.17%) JIRA
7 31 (11.79%) webpack
8 25 (9.51%) Mocha
9 22 (8.37%) Cucumber
10 21 (7.98%) Selenium
11 20 (7.60%) WebDriver
12 15 (5.70%) Bower
13 11 (4.18%) Karma Test Runner
14 7 (2.66%) Axure RP
14 7 (2.66%) Sinon.JS
14 7 (2.66%) Visual Studio
15 6 (2.28%) Mercurial
15 6 (2.28%) NUnit
15 6 (2.28%) TeamCity
General
1 46 (17.49%) Finance
2 26 (9.89%) Banking
3 13 (4.94%) Marketing
4 10 (3.80%) Advertising
5 8 (3.04%) Front Office
5 8 (3.04%) Retail
6 6 (2.28%) Czech Language
6 6 (2.28%) Telecoms
7 5 (1.90%) Investment Banking
8 2 (0.76%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.76%) Publishing
9 1 (0.38%) Automotive
9 1 (0.38%) Electronics
9 1 (0.38%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 250 (95.06%) Developer
2 103 (39.16%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 83 (31.56%) JavaScript Developer
4 33 (12.55%) Senior Developer
5 30 (11.41%) Full Stack Developer
5 30 (11.41%) HTML Developer
6 29 (11.03%) Angular Developer
7 25 (9.51%) HTML CSS Developer
8 21 (7.98%) Node.js Developer
9 18 (6.84%) C# Developer
9 18 (6.84%) UI Developer
10 16 (6.08%) .NET Developer
11 13 (4.94%) Java Developer
12 12 (4.56%) Senior Front-End Developer
13 11 (4.18%) Developer in Test
14 10 (3.80%) C# .NET Developer
15 9 (3.42%) CSS Developer
15 9 (3.42%) Senior JavaScript Developer
15 9 (3.42%) SQL Developer
16 8 (3.04%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 252 (95.82%) CSS
2 229 (87.07%) HTML
3 214 (81.37%) Sass
4 189 (71.86%) HTML5
5 183 (69.58%) CSS3
6 118 (44.87%) React
7 111 (42.21%) Node.js
8 110 (41.83%) AngularJS
9 102 (38.78%) jQuery
10 53 (20.15%) RESTful
11 48 (18.25%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 41 (15.59%) JSON
13 38 (14.45%) .NET
14 36 (13.69%) Redux
15 34 (12.93%) Backbone.js
16 32 (12.17%) D3.js
17 30 (11.41%) ASP.NET
18 29 (11.03%) Ajax
19 26 (9.89%) XML
20 24 (9.13%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 50 (19.01%) User Experience
2 27 (10.27%) Greenfield Project
3 12 (4.56%) Enterprise Software
4 9 (3.42%) Video on Demand
5 7 (2.66%) W3C
6 6 (2.28%) Computer Science
7 5 (1.90%) Digital Media
7 5 (1.90%) Fintech
8 4 (1.52%) Mobile App
9 3 (1.14%) Cloud Native
9 3 (1.14%) Hedge funds
9 3 (1.14%) Virtual Team
10 2 (0.76%) Algorithms
10 2 (0.76%) Data Structures
10 2 (0.76%) Graphic Design
10 2 (0.76%) Smartphone
11 1 (0.38%) e-Learning
11 1 (0.38%) Equities
11 1 (0.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 1 (0.38%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 15 (5.70%) Linux
2 4 (1.52%) Unix
3 2 (0.76%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 143 (54.37%) Agile Software Development
2 118 (44.87%) Front End Development
3 100 (38.02%) TDD
4 63 (23.95%) Scrum
5 58 (22.05%) Responsive Web Design
6 55 (20.91%) OO
7 52 (19.77%) MVC
8 51 (19.39%) BDD
9 45 (17.11%) Web Development
10 38 (14.45%) Test Automation
11 34 (12.93%) Unit Testing
12 31 (11.79%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
13 29 (11.03%) E-Commerce
14 28 (10.65%) OOP
15 27 (10.27%) DevOps
16 25 (9.51%) Continuous Integration
17 21 (7.98%) Kanban
17 21 (7.98%) Mentoring
18 20 (7.60%) Continuous Improvement
19 18 (6.84%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 242 (92.02%) JavaScript
2 51 (19.39%) ES6
3 46 (17.49%) C#
4 30 (11.41%) Java
5 18 (6.84%) PHP
5 18 (6.84%) TypeScript
6 15 (5.70%) SQL
7 13 (4.94%) Scala
8 9 (3.42%) ECMAScript
8 9 (3.42%) Ruby
9 8 (3.04%) Python
10 6 (2.28%) VB
11 5 (1.90%) Bash Shell
11 5 (1.90%) C++
11 5 (1.90%) Shell Script
11 5 (1.90%) VC++
12 3 (1.14%) C
12 3 (1.14%) Groovy
12 3 (1.14%) Perl
12 3 (1.14%) R
Qualifications
1 21 (7.98%) Degree
2 7 (2.66%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (2.28%) MBA
4 1 (0.38%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.38%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (0.76%) PCI DSS
1 2 (0.76%) QA
2 1 (0.38%) WAI
2 1 (0.38%) WCAG
System Software
1 15 (5.70%) Docker
2 1 (0.38%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 10 (3.80%) Opscode Chef
2 8 (3.04%) Ansible
2 8 (3.04%) Puppet
Vendors
1 16 (6.08%) Microsoft
2 7 (2.66%) Oracle
3 6 (2.28%) SAP
4 4 (1.52%) Adobe
4 4 (1.52%) Sitecore
5 3 (1.14%) Marketo
6 2 (0.76%) BMC
6 2 (0.76%) Remedy
6 2 (0.76%) Tealium
6 2 (0.76%) TOWER Software
7 1 (0.38%) hybris
7 1 (0.38%) PayPal
7 1 (0.38%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 1 (0.38%) Salesforce.com
7 1 (0.38%) Telerik
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £450 - £475 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Morgan Mckinley
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Explore Group
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Verticality Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
EPAM Systems
Rate: From £450 to £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £475 per day 3 Months Rolling
Posted: 3 days ago