Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for LESS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LESS over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

LESS (Dynamic Stylesheet Language, LessCSS)
England > London
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 316 276 342
Rank change year-on-year -40 +66 +76
Contract jobs citing LESS 354 394 296
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.76% 0.87% 0.63%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.05% 2.53% 1.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 294 310 239
London median daily rate £475 £413 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +15.15% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £325 £306 £258
90th Percentile £600 £563 £580
England median daily rate £450 £400 £370
% change year-on-year +12.50% +8.11% +2.07%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 8
London median hourly rate £51.00 - £23.87
10th Percentile £50.00 - £21.04
90th Percentile £52.00 - £25.96
England median hourly rate £45.50 - £23.75

LESS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17269 15562 15183
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.10% 34.40% 32.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 13196 11655 11304
London median daily rate £500 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.11% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £319 £308
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 101 72 92
London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £19.00 £19.23 £14.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £57.44 £58.75
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +9.49%

LESS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing LESS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LESS in London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LESS in London

LESS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LESS in London

LESS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LESS within the London region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -17 66 £475 +11.76% 3
West London -10 14 £363 -9.31% 3
South London -32 2 £525 +29.23%
North London -11 1 £425 +17.24% 1
LESS
England

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LESS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for LESS.

1 337 (95.20%) CSS
2 319 (90.11%) JavaScript
3 292 (82.49%) Sass
4 284 (80.23%) HTML
5 201 (56.78%) Agile Software Development
6 196 (55.37%) HTML5
7 173 (48.87%) CSS3
7 173 (48.87%) React
8 172 (48.59%) AngularJS
9 152 (42.94%) Front End Development
10 137 (38.70%) TDD
11 129 (36.44%) Git (software)
12 123 (34.75%) Node.js
13 88 (24.86%) jQuery
14 87 (24.58%) User Experience
15 84 (23.73%) ES6
16 83 (23.45%) gulp
17 80 (22.60%) Responsive Web Design
18 73 (20.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 65 (18.36%) Scrum
20 63 (17.80%) Finance
21 62 (17.51%) OO
22 59 (16.67%) Redux
23 55 (15.54%) Web Development
24 53 (14.97%) webpack
25 52 (14.69%) Jasmine
25 52 (14.69%) Grunt
26 45 (12.71%) Banking
27 44 (12.43%) Backbone.js
27 44 (12.43%) BDD

LESS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (5.93%) CMS
2 13 (3.67%) Drupal
3 12 (3.39%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (3.39%) WordPress
4 10 (2.82%) Confluence
5 7 (1.98%) Apache
6 6 (1.69%) EPiServer
6 6 (1.69%) Tomcat
6 6 (1.69%) WebSphere
7 4 (1.13%) Joomla!
7 4 (1.13%) nginx
7 4 (1.13%) Sitecore CMS
8 3 (0.85%) JBoss
8 3 (0.85%) WebLogic
8 3 (0.85%) WebSphere Application Server
9 2 (0.56%) Kentico
9 2 (0.56%) Moodle
9 2 (0.56%) Orchard CMS
9 2 (0.56%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.56%) Umbraco
Applications
1 22 (6.21%) Photoshop
2 7 (1.98%) Adobe Illustrator
3 6 (1.69%) GIMP
4 2 (0.56%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.28%) InDesign
5 1 (0.28%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 7 (1.98%) Magento
2 2 (0.56%) Eloqua
2 2 (0.56%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 38 (10.73%) npm
2 31 (8.76%) Amazon AWS
3 28 (7.91%) Microsoft Azure
4 23 (6.50%) SaaS
5 17 (4.80%) PaaS
6 14 (3.95%) IaaS
7 6 (1.69%) GitHub
8 4 (1.13%) Office 365
8 4 (1.13%) Serverless
9 3 (0.85%) Cloud Computing
9 3 (0.85%) Google Analytics
10 2 (0.56%) Azure Active Directory
10 2 (0.56%) Trello
11 1 (0.28%) Akamai
11 1 (0.28%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.54%) HTTP
1 9 (2.54%) Internet
2 2 (0.56%) Ethernet
2 2 (0.56%) Skype
2 2 (0.56%) SSH
2 2 (0.56%) Unified Communications
2 2 (0.56%) VPLS
3 1 (0.28%) Intranet
3 1 (0.28%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (6.21%) SQL Server
2 15 (4.24%) MySQL
3 14 (3.95%) MongoDB
4 10 (2.82%) NoSQL
5 9 (2.54%) Big Data
6 7 (1.98%) PostgreSQL
7 4 (1.13%) Azure SQL Database
7 4 (1.13%) Qlik Sense
7 4 (1.13%) QlikView
7 4 (1.13%) Relational Database
7 4 (1.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 3 (0.85%) Aerospike
8 3 (0.85%) MS Access
8 3 (0.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 2 (0.56%) Couchbase
9 2 (0.56%) DocumentDB
9 2 (0.56%) Redis
10 1 (0.28%) Blockchain
10 1 (0.28%) HBase
10 1 (0.28%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 129 (36.44%) Git (software)
2 83 (23.45%) gulp
3 53 (14.97%) webpack
4 52 (14.69%) Grunt
4 52 (14.69%) Jasmine
5 31 (8.76%) Jenkins
6 26 (7.34%) Mocha
6 26 (7.34%) Selenium
7 24 (6.78%) JIRA
8 22 (6.21%) Cucumber
8 22 (6.21%) Karma Test Runner
8 22 (6.21%) Subversion
9 17 (4.80%) TeamCity
10 16 (4.52%) PhantomJS
11 13 (3.67%) WebDriver
12 12 (3.39%) Bower
12 12 (3.39%) Team Foundation Server
13 10 (2.82%) Bitbucket
13 10 (2.82%) Mercurial
13 10 (2.82%) Visual Studio
General
1 63 (17.80%) Finance
2 45 (12.71%) Banking
3 26 (7.34%) Investment Banking
4 19 (5.37%) Front Office
5 13 (3.67%) Marketing
6 11 (3.11%) Games
7 10 (2.82%) Telecoms
8 8 (2.26%) Publishing
8 8 (2.26%) Retail
9 5 (1.41%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.56%) Advertising
10 2 (0.56%) Electronics
10 2 (0.56%) Law
10 2 (0.56%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.56%) Online Betting
10 2 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 330 (93.22%) Developer
2 128 (36.16%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 116 (32.77%) JavaScript Developer
4 64 (18.08%) HTML Developer
5 61 (17.23%) UI Developer
6 49 (13.84%) HTML CSS Developer
7 36 (10.17%) Full Stack Developer
8 35 (9.89%) Senior Developer
9 32 (9.04%) Angular Developer
10 22 (6.21%) CSS Developer
10 22 (6.21%) Node.js Developer
11 19 (5.37%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 16 (4.52%) UX Developer
13 14 (3.95%) UI/UX Developer
13 14 (3.95%) Web Developer
14 12 (3.39%) C# Developer
15 11 (3.11%) Agile Developer
15 11 (3.11%) Java Developer
16 10 (2.82%) .NET Developer
17 8 (2.26%) Senior JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 337 (95.20%) CSS
2 292 (82.49%) Sass
3 284 (80.23%) HTML
4 196 (55.37%) HTML5
5 173 (48.87%) CSS3
5 173 (48.87%) React
6 172 (48.59%) AngularJS
7 123 (34.75%) Node.js
8 88 (24.86%) jQuery
9 73 (20.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 59 (16.67%) Redux
11 44 (12.43%) Backbone.js
12 40 (11.30%) RESTful
13 39 (11.02%) .NET
14 34 (9.60%) Angular 2
14 34 (9.60%) Vue (Vue.js)
15 32 (9.04%) ASP.NET
16 31 (8.76%) REST
17 26 (7.34%) KnockoutJS
17 26 (7.34%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 87 (24.58%) User Experience
2 39 (11.02%) Greenfield Project
3 17 (4.80%) Derivative
3 17 (4.80%) Equity Derivative
3 17 (4.80%) Fintech
4 15 (4.24%) Mobile App
5 11 (3.11%) Virtual Team
6 10 (2.82%) W3C
7 9 (2.54%) Algorithms
7 9 (2.54%) Data Structures
8 8 (2.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 7 (1.98%) Equities
10 4 (1.13%) Analytical Skills
10 4 (1.13%) Digital Media
11 3 (0.85%) Animation
11 3 (0.85%) iPad
11 3 (0.85%) Online Games
11 3 (0.85%) Social Media
11 3 (0.85%) Video on Demand
12 2 (0.56%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 7 (1.98%) Linux
2 5 (1.41%) Android
2 5 (1.41%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.28%) Mac OS X
3 1 (0.28%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 201 (56.78%) Agile Software Development
2 152 (42.94%) Front End Development
3 137 (38.70%) TDD
4 80 (22.60%) Responsive Web Design
5 65 (18.36%) Scrum
6 62 (17.51%) OO
7 55 (15.54%) Web Development
8 44 (12.43%) BDD
9 43 (12.15%) MVC
10 40 (11.30%) Pair Programming
10 40 (11.30%) Test Automation
11 34 (9.60%) DevOps
12 33 (9.32%) Continuous Integration
12 33 (9.32%) Mentoring
13 31 (8.76%) E-Commerce
13 31 (8.76%) SDLC
14 29 (8.19%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
15 26 (7.34%) Continuous Improvement
15 26 (7.34%) Technical Analysis
16 22 (6.21%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 319 (90.11%) JavaScript
2 84 (23.73%) ES6
3 43 (12.15%) TypeScript
4 38 (10.73%) Java
5 33 (9.32%) C#
6 19 (5.37%) SQL
7 18 (5.08%) PHP
8 7 (1.98%) Bash Shell
8 7 (1.98%) ECMAScript
8 7 (1.98%) Python
8 7 (1.98%) Scala
9 5 (1.41%) Shell Script
10 4 (1.13%) Ruby
10 4 (1.13%) T-SQL
11 3 (0.85%) C
11 3 (0.85%) C++
11 3 (0.85%) Groovy
11 3 (0.85%) VB
11 3 (0.85%) VC++
12 2 (0.56%) GraphQL
Qualifications
1 9 (2.54%) Degree
2 2 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
3 1 (0.28%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
3 1 (0.28%) SC Cleared
3 1 (0.28%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.13%) WCAG
2 3 (0.85%) QA
2 3 (0.85%) WAI
System Software
1 38 (10.73%) Docker
2 2 (0.56%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.56%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 29 (8.19%) Opscode Chef
2 17 (4.80%) Ansible
3 2 (0.56%) Terraform
Vendors
1 21 (5.93%) Microsoft
2 6 (1.69%) Adobe
2 6 (1.69%) Oracle
3 5 (1.41%) Google
4 4 (1.13%) hybris
4 4 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
4 4 (1.13%) Sitecore
5 3 (0.85%) ATG
5 3 (0.85%) Demandware
5 3 (0.85%) SAP
5 3 (0.85%) TOWER Software
6 2 (0.56%) Atlassian
6 2 (0.56%) Marketo
6 2 (0.56%) ServiceNow
6 2 (0.56%) Sun
7 1 (0.28%) Apple
7 1 (0.28%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud