Period
to 1 August 2021

The median annual salary for a Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) was £52,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 137 119 173
Rank change year-on-year -18 +54 -16
Permanent jobs requiring a Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) 2,920 1,852 3,024
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.58% 2.72% 2.11%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.83% 2.87% 2.20%
Number of salaries quoted 1,795 1,599 2,642
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,000
25th Percentile £40,750 £39,750 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £66,250
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 103,011 64,577 137,347
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.17% 94.98% 95.85%
Number of salaries quoted 73,176 52,663 111,007
10th Percentile £31,875 £31,250 £28,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the UK

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer).

Salary trend for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the UK

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the UK

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 2,621 £55,000 +4.76% 603
London +29 1,431 £65,000 -7.14% 260
UK excluding London -56 1,286 £47,500 +5.56% 366
Work from Home -43 678 £52,500 +8.81% 145
South East +7 497 £47,500 -5.00% 74
North of England -91 220 £47,500 +11.76% 131
Midlands -51 188 £45,500 +7.06% 70
South West -40 184 £47,500 +11.76% 52
North West -59 121 £50,000 +11.11% 81
West Midlands -57 111 £45,500 -1.62% 43
Scotland -38 87 £52,500 +23.53% 14
Yorkshire -77 85 £45,000 +16.88% 39
East Midlands -26 72 £42,000 +12.00% 26
East of England -63 58 £50,000 -4.76% 14
Northern Ireland -11 27 £35,500 -40.83% 3
Wales -48 21 £45,000 +12.50% 8
North East -37 14 £41,697 -12.22% 11
Isle of Man - 7 - -

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the job title.

1 2,714 (92.95%) Front End Development
2 2,282 (78.15%) JavaScript
3 2,025 (69.35%) React
4 1,896 (64.93%) CSS
5 1,812 (62.05%) HTML
6 1,179 (40.38%) Agile Software Development
7 1,125 (38.53%) TypeScript
8 1,060 (36.30%) AngularJS
9 1,029 (35.24%) User Experience
10 888 (30.41%) Git (software)
11 734 (25.14%) HTML5
12 672 (23.01%) Sass
13 670 (22.95%) Node.js
14 630 (21.58%) Vue.js
15 544 (18.63%) Redux
16 508 (17.40%) CSS3
17 457 (15.65%) TDD
18 456 (15.62%) Social Skills
19 445 (15.24%) Finance
20 419 (14.35%) Web Development
21 384 (13.15%) ES6
22 374 (12.81%) Software Engineering
23 367 (12.57%) Docker
24 359 (12.29%) Scrum
25 344 (11.78%) Jest
26 342 (11.71%) REST
27 334 (11.44%) AWS
28 329 (11.27%) webpack
29 310 (10.62%) Test Automation
30 307 (10.51%) RESTful

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (6.61%) CMS
2 117 (4.01%) WordPress
3 60 (2.05%) Confluence
4 36 (1.23%) Headless CMS
5 21 (0.72%) Elasticsearch
5 21 (0.72%) IBM Domino
6 17 (0.58%) nginx
7 15 (0.51%) Drupal
8 12 (0.41%) Joomla!
9 9 (0.31%) Apache
9 9 (0.31%) OpenStack
9 9 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
9 9 (0.31%) Umbraco
10 7 (0.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 6 (0.21%) Apache Spark
12 5 (0.17%) EPiServer
13 4 (0.14%) GemFire
13 4 (0.14%) Kentico
14 3 (0.10%) SharePoint
15 2 (0.068%) Oracle Spatial
Applications
1 84 (2.88%) Photoshop
2 70 (2.40%) Sketch
3 67 (2.29%) Figma
4 42 (1.44%) Adobe XD
5 37 (1.27%) Adobe Illustrator
6 22 (0.75%) InVision
7 18 (0.62%) Zeplin
8 16 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 13 (0.45%) Campfire
10 12 (0.41%) GIMP
11 11 (0.38%) MS Visio
12 9 (0.31%) UXPin
13 7 (0.24%) Chatbot
13 7 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
14 6 (0.21%) InDesign
15 2 (0.068%) Fireworks
16 1 (0.034%) Blender
16 1 (0.034%) EngageOne
16 1 (0.034%) Microsoft PowerPoint
16 1 (0.034%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 60 (2.05%) Shopify
2 37 (1.27%) Magento
3 5 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
3 5 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.14%) WebTrends
5 2 (0.068%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.034%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.034%) PlanetPress Connect
Cloud Services
1 334 (11.44%) AWS
2 307 (10.51%) Azure
3 247 (8.46%) SaaS
4 232 (7.95%) npm
5 102 (3.49%) GitHub
6 81 (2.77%) Serverless
7 79 (2.71%) GCP
8 50 (1.71%) Yarn
9 46 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
10 43 (1.47%) Firebase
11 23 (0.79%) Bitrise
12 20 (0.68%) Amazon S3
13 18 (0.62%) Asana
13 18 (0.62%) Google Analytics
14 17 (0.58%) Slack
15 15 (0.51%) Cloud Computing
15 15 (0.51%) Cloud Functions
16 14 (0.48%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 13 (0.45%) CloudFront
18 12 (0.41%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 31 (1.06%) HTTP
2 26 (0.89%) Internet
3 17 (0.58%) Broadband
4 9 (0.31%) RIP
5 6 (0.21%) Asterisk PBX
6 5 (0.17%) Intranet
7 4 (0.14%) DAB
7 4 (0.14%) DNS
7 4 (0.14%) Wireless
8 3 (0.10%) Skype
8 3 (0.10%) SMS
9 2 (0.068%) Extranet
9 2 (0.068%) SSH
9 2 (0.068%) VoIP
10 1 (0.034%) 4G
10 1 (0.034%) 5G
10 1 (0.034%) FTP
10 1 (0.034%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.034%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (4.04%) MySQL
2 112 (3.84%) PostgreSQL
3 97 (3.32%) MongoDB
4 76 (2.60%) NoSQL
5 70 (2.40%) SQL Server
6 33 (1.13%) Big Data
7 27 (0.92%) Amazon RDS
8 21 (0.72%) Redis
8 21 (0.72%) Relational Database
9 15 (0.51%) Blockchain
10 7 (0.24%) Spatial Data
11 6 (0.21%) Kalido
12 4 (0.14%) Amazon Aurora
12 4 (0.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 4 (0.14%) GIS
13 3 (0.10%) Apache Cassandra
13 3 (0.10%) Electronic Patient Records
14 2 (0.068%) Azure SQL Database
14 2 (0.068%) MariaDB
14 2 (0.068%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 888 (30.41%) Git (software)
2 329 (11.27%) webpack
3 170 (5.82%) Cypress.io
4 164 (5.62%) JIRA
5 145 (4.97%) gulp
6 101 (3.46%) Jenkins
7 79 (2.71%) Bitbucket
8 75 (2.57%) Mocha
9 70 (2.40%) Grunt
10 69 (2.36%) Storybook
11 67 (2.29%) Babel
12 61 (2.09%) Jasmine
13 43 (1.47%) Protractor
14 41 (1.40%) git-flow
14 41 (1.40%) GitLab
15 35 (1.20%) Selenium
16 28 (0.96%) TeamCity
17 25 (0.86%) PostCSS
18 24 (0.82%) ESLint
19 21 (0.72%) Bower
General
1 456 (15.62%) Social Skills
2 445 (15.24%) Finance
3 236 (8.08%) Marketing
4 149 (5.10%) Retail
5 99 (3.39%) Analytical Skills
6 96 (3.29%) Banking
6 96 (3.29%) Games
7 71 (2.43%) Public Sector
8 45 (1.54%) Manufacturing
9 36 (1.23%) Legal
10 34 (1.16%) Advertising
11 27 (0.92%) Telecoms
12 24 (0.82%) Electronics
13 23 (0.79%) Organisational Skills
14 22 (0.75%) Financial Institution
15 18 (0.62%) Publishing
16 17 (0.58%) Back Office
16 17 (0.58%) Investment Banking
17 16 (0.55%) Law
18 14 (0.48%) Inclusion and Diversity
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,025 (69.35%) React
2 1,896 (64.93%) CSS
3 1,812 (62.05%) HTML
4 1,060 (36.30%) AngularJS
5 734 (25.14%) HTML5
6 672 (23.01%) Sass
7 670 (22.95%) Node.js
8 630 (21.58%) Vue.js
9 544 (18.63%) Redux
10 508 (17.40%) CSS3
11 344 (11.78%) Jest
12 342 (11.71%) REST
13 307 (10.51%) RESTful
14 281 (9.62%) jQuery
15 274 (9.38%) GraphQL
16 231 (7.91%) .NET
17 215 (7.36%) Next.js
18 214 (7.33%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 206 (7.05%) React Native
20 192 (6.58%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1,029 (35.24%) User Experience
2 176 (6.03%) Mobile App
3 149 (5.10%) Greenfield Project
4 68 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
5 56 (1.92%) Virtual Team
6 45 (1.54%) NHS
7 40 (1.37%) Data Structures
8 37 (1.27%) Algorithms
8 37 (1.27%) Wiki
9 35 (1.20%) Blog
10 32 (1.10%) W3C
11 28 (0.96%) Cloud Native
11 28 (0.96%) Hedge funds
12 27 (0.92%) Graphic Design
13 24 (0.82%) Video\Live Streaming
14 21 (0.72%) Animation
14 21 (0.72%) Enterprise Software
15 17 (0.58%) Augmented Reality
15 17 (0.58%) RIA
15 17 (0.58%) Social Gaming
Operating Systems
1 114 (3.90%) Apple iOS
2 112 (3.84%) Android
3 83 (2.84%) Linux
4 68 (2.33%) Windows
5 7 (0.24%) SUSE
5 7 (0.24%) tvOS
6 5 (0.17%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.10%) Unix
8 2 (0.068%) Debian
8 2 (0.068%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,714 (92.95%) Front End Development
2 1,179 (40.38%) Agile Software Development
3 457 (15.65%) TDD
4 419 (14.35%) Web Development
5 374 (12.81%) Software Engineering
6 359 (12.29%) Scrum
7 310 (10.62%) Test Automation
8 305 (10.45%) Unit Testing
9 294 (10.07%) Problem-Solving
10 290 (9.93%) E-Commerce
11 281 (9.62%) DevOps
12 279 (9.55%) Full Stack Development
13 273 (9.35%) Computer Science
14 267 (9.14%) Microservices
15 257 (8.80%) Continuous Integration
16 224 (7.67%) Fintech
17 219 (7.50%) Mentoring
18 189 (6.47%) Analytics
18 189 (6.47%) Visualisation
19 180 (6.16%) Clean Code
Programming Languages
1 2,282 (78.15%) JavaScript
2 1,125 (38.53%) TypeScript
3 384 (13.15%) ES6
4 254 (8.70%) C#
5 246 (8.42%) PHP
6 244 (8.36%) Java
7 221 (7.57%) Python
8 165 (5.65%) SQL
9 63 (2.16%) ES7
10 53 (1.82%) Kotlin
11 48 (1.64%) Go
12 46 (1.58%) Ruby
13 36 (1.23%) Apple Swift
14 31 (1.06%) Elm
15 28 (0.96%) Objective-C
15 28 (0.96%) PureScript
16 22 (0.75%) Scala
17 21 (0.72%) Dart
18 20 (0.68%) C
19 15 (0.51%) C++
Qualifications
1 300 (10.27%) Degree
2 124 (4.25%) Computer Science Degree
3 57 (1.95%) Master's Degree
4 49 (1.68%) Security Cleared
5 45 (1.54%) SC Cleared
6 23 (0.79%) PhD
7 15 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
8 12 (0.41%) SANS
9 9 (0.31%) DV Cleared
10 7 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.24%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 4 (0.14%) MOS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 230 (7.88%) Accessibility
2 90 (3.08%) QA
3 45 (1.54%) WCAG
4 16 (0.55%) GDPR
5 5 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.14%) IEC 62304
6 4 (0.14%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.068%) WAI
8 1 (0.034%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 367 (12.57%) Docker
2 4 (0.14%) Firmware
3 3 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.034%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.034%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.034%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 211 (7.23%) Kubernetes
2 25 (0.86%) Terraform
3 8 (0.27%) Rancher
4 7 (0.24%) Ansible
5 6 (0.21%) Puppet
6 3 (0.10%) Grafana
7 2 (0.068%) OpenNebula
8 1 (0.034%) Kibana
8 1 (0.034%) logstash
8 1 (0.034%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.034%) Salt
Vendors
1 141 (4.83%) Google
2 124 (4.25%) Adobe
3 75 (2.57%) Microsoft
4 37 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
5 29 (0.99%) SAP
6 26 (0.89%) Samsung
7 22 (0.75%) Sony
8 21 (0.72%) WooCommerce
9 20 (0.68%) Apple
10 18 (0.62%) BT
11 14 (0.48%) DoubleClick
12 12 (0.41%) Mapbox
13 11 (0.38%) IBM
14 10 (0.34%) HubSpot
14 10 (0.34%) Sitecore
15 8 (0.27%) Elastic Path
15 8 (0.27%) Wrike
16 7 (0.24%) Optimizely
16 7 (0.24%) Roku
16 7 (0.24%) Spotify