Period
to 21 September 2021

The median contractor rate for a Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) was £490 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
UK
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 206 177 129
Rank change year-on-year -29 -48 -14
Contract jobs requiring a Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) 1,066 449 1,785
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.34% 1.53% 2.03%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.43% 1.65% 2.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 755 306 1,279
10th Percentile £338 £306 £313
25th Percentile £400 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £490 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +8.89% - -
75th Percentile £575 £548 £538
90th Percentile £650 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £423 £400
% change year-on-year +0.59% +5.63% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 3
10th Percentile £33.70 £24.00 £18.20
25th Percentile £42.25 £26.25 £30.13
Median hourly rate £56.50 £30.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +88.33% -40.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £68.25 £35.00 £51.50
90th Percentile £75.30 £38.00 £52.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.25 £30.00 £52.00
% change year-on-year +40.83% -42.31% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 74,348 27,210 82,910
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.12% 92.46% 94.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,396 18,204 55,415
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £405 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £571
90th Percentile £688 £665 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £430 £425
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,063 907 2,740
10th Percentile £11.51 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.57 £14.25 £13.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.80 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year -8.26% +14.74% +8.57%
75th Percentile £44.69 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £60.95 £53.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.88 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -10.60% +14.29% -

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the UK

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer).

Daily rate trend for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the UK

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the UK

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer).

Hourly rate trend for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the UK

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the UK

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) within the UK over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -48 799 £490 +6.52% 516
London -47 430 £520 +4.26% 240
Work from Home -35 401 £490 +22.50% 134
UK excluding London -46 344 £425 +0.59% 298
North of England -46 96 £405 -4.71% 107
South East -64 74 £425 -2.86% 60
South West -28 57 £438 +6.06% 41
Midlands -38 54 £415 +18.57% 49
North West -41 49 £400 -20.00% 60
Yorkshire -24 42 £500 +48.15% 32
Scotland -64 39 £440 +10.00% 18
West Midlands -49 30 £435 +2.35% 33
East Midlands -18 24 £388 +10.71% 15
East of England -46 13 £450 +12.50% 14
Wales - 9 £375 - 9
North East -22 5 £503 +13.56% 15
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 1

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) in the job title.

1 924 (86.68%) Front End Development
2 756 (70.92%) JavaScript
3 654 (61.35%) React
4 628 (58.91%) HTML
5 612 (57.41%) CSS
6 395 (37.05%) Agile Software Development
7 322 (30.21%) TypeScript
8 278 (26.08%) AngularJS
9 258 (24.20%) Git (software)
10 251 (23.55%) HTML5
11 232 (21.76%) Node.js
12 230 (21.58%) Sass
13 229 (21.48%) Redux
14 215 (20.17%) User Experience
15 151 (14.17%) CSS3
16 150 (14.07%) TDD
17 131 (12.29%) Vue.js
17 131 (12.29%) Jest
18 125 (11.73%) Social Skills
19 120 (11.26%) Test Automation
20 118 (11.07%) ES6
21 114 (10.69%) Accessibility
22 112 (10.51%) Azure
23 111 (10.41%) AWS
24 107 (10.04%) Web Development
25 106 (9.94%) Docker
26 104 (9.76%) Scrum
27 103 (9.66%) Jenkins
28 101 (9.47%) DevOps
28 101 (9.47%) Microservices

Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer) Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (5.63%) CMS
2 29 (2.72%) Confluence
3 17 (1.59%) WordPress
4 16 (1.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 11 (1.03%) Drupal
6 10 (0.94%) IBM Domino
7 8 (0.75%) Elasticsearch
8 7 (0.66%) Headless CMS
9 5 (0.47%) SharePoint
9 5 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
9 5 (0.47%) WebLogic
10 4 (0.38%) GemFire
10 4 (0.38%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.19%) Apache
11 2 (0.19%) IIS
11 2 (0.19%) Umbraco
12 1 (0.094%) JBoss
12 1 (0.094%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 1 (0.094%) SharePoint Server
12 1 (0.094%) WebSphere
Applications
1 13 (1.22%) Sketch
2 12 (1.13%) Photoshop
3 11 (1.03%) InVision
4 9 (0.84%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 9 (0.84%) Figma
5 8 (0.75%) Adobe XD
6 6 (0.56%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.47%) Zeplin
8 4 (0.38%) InDesign
9 1 (0.094%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 26 (2.44%) Magento
2 16 (1.50%) Shopify
3 6 (0.56%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.094%) SAP CRM
5 1 (0.094%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 112 (10.51%) Azure
2 111 (10.41%) AWS
3 70 (6.57%) npm
4 45 (4.22%) GitHub
5 30 (2.81%) Serverless
6 26 (2.44%) SaaS
7 21 (1.97%) Yarn
8 20 (1.88%) AWS Lambda
9 16 (1.50%) GCP
10 13 (1.22%) OpenShift
11 10 (0.94%) AWS CloudFormation
12 9 (0.84%) Google Analytics
13 7 (0.66%) Amazon S3
13 7 (0.66%) Siteimprove
14 6 (0.56%) Power Platform
15 5 (0.47%) CloudFront
15 5 (0.47%) Heroku
16 4 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Cloud
16 4 (0.38%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 4 (0.38%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 24 (2.25%) Internet
2 20 (1.88%) HTTP
3 6 (0.56%) SSL
3 6 (0.56%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.47%) HTTPS
5 4 (0.38%) AMQP
6 1 (0.094%) Bluetooth
6 1 (0.094%) Intranet
6 1 (0.094%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (2.44%) SQL Server
2 23 (2.16%) MongoDB
3 22 (2.06%) NoSQL
4 15 (1.41%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (1.22%) MySQL
6 9 (0.84%) Big Data
6 9 (0.84%) Redis
7 8 (0.75%) Oracle Database
8 6 (0.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 6 (0.56%) Power BI
8 6 (0.56%) Relational Database
9 5 (0.47%) Amazon Aurora
9 5 (0.47%) Blockchain
9 5 (0.47%) RDBMS
10 4 (0.38%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (0.38%) BusinessObjects
10 4 (0.38%) InterSystems Cache
10 4 (0.38%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 3 (0.28%) ArangoDB
11 3 (0.28%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 258 (24.20%) Git (software)
2 103 (9.66%) Jenkins
3 85 (7.97%) webpack
4 75 (7.04%) Cypress.io
5 72 (6.75%) JIRA
6 64 (6.00%) Jasmine
7 53 (4.97%) Storybook
8 42 (3.94%) Grunt
9 40 (3.75%) gulp
10 34 (3.19%) Bitbucket
10 34 (3.19%) Karma Test Runner
11 29 (2.72%) Cucumber
12 27 (2.53%) GitLab
13 25 (2.35%) Mocha
14 24 (2.25%) JUnit
14 24 (2.25%) Selenium
15 22 (2.06%) Maven
16 21 (1.97%) SonarQube
17 18 (1.69%) TeamCity
18 14 (1.31%) Protractor
General
1 125 (11.73%) Social Skills
2 97 (9.10%) Finance
3 72 (6.75%) Banking
4 68 (6.38%) Public Sector
5 38 (3.56%) Retail
6 25 (2.35%) Marketing
7 23 (2.16%) Analytical Skills
8 20 (1.88%) Games
8 20 (1.88%) Telecoms
9 18 (1.69%) Investment Banking
10 14 (1.31%) Front Office
11 12 (1.13%) Influencing Skills
12 11 (1.03%) Organisational Skills
13 7 (0.66%) Law
14 6 (0.56%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 6 (0.56%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.56%) Police
15 5 (0.47%) Presentation Skills
16 4 (0.38%) Electronics
16 4 (0.38%) Financial Institution
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 654 (61.35%) React
2 628 (58.91%) HTML
3 612 (57.41%) CSS
4 278 (26.08%) AngularJS
5 251 (23.55%) HTML5
6 232 (21.76%) Node.js
7 230 (21.58%) Sass
8 229 (21.48%) Redux
9 151 (14.17%) CSS3
10 131 (12.29%) Jest
10 131 (12.29%) Vue.js
11 101 (9.47%) jQuery
12 95 (8.91%) REST
13 91 (8.54%) .NET
14 72 (6.75%) RESTful
15 69 (6.47%) GraphQL
16 58 (5.44%) JSON
17 55 (5.16%) Next.js
17 55 (5.16%) RxJS
18 50 (4.69%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 215 (20.17%) User Experience
2 65 (6.10%) Greenfield Project
3 25 (2.35%) W3C
4 19 (1.78%) Legacy Applications
4 19 (1.78%) Mobile App
5 18 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 15 (1.41%) Data Structures
7 14 (1.31%) Virtual Team
8 12 (1.13%) Algorithms
8 12 (1.13%) Fixed Income
9 10 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
10 9 (0.84%) Market Risk
10 9 (0.84%) RIA
10 9 (0.84%) Self-Motivation
11 7 (0.66%) N-Tier
12 6 (0.56%) Equities
12 6 (0.56%) iPad
13 5 (0.47%) Data Protection Act
13 5 (0.47%) Graphic Design
13 5 (0.47%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 29 (2.72%) Linux
1 29 (2.72%) Unix
2 13 (1.22%) Apple iOS
3 12 (1.13%) Android
4 6 (0.56%) Mac OS
5 5 (0.47%) Windows
6 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 924 (86.68%) Front End Development
2 395 (37.05%) Agile Software Development
3 150 (14.07%) TDD
4 120 (11.26%) Test Automation
5 107 (10.04%) Web Development
6 104 (9.76%) Scrum
7 101 (9.47%) DevOps
7 101 (9.47%) Microservices
8 98 (9.19%) E-Commerce
8 98 (9.19%) Unit Testing
9 81 (7.60%) Continuous Integration
10 80 (7.50%) Problem-Solving
11 76 (7.13%) Full Stack Development
12 64 (6.00%) Software Engineering
13 62 (5.82%) BDD
14 55 (5.16%) Wireframes
15 54 (5.07%) OO
16 53 (4.97%) Mentoring
17 49 (4.60%) Continuous Improvement
18 47 (4.41%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 756 (70.92%) JavaScript
2 322 (30.21%) TypeScript
3 118 (11.07%) ES6
4 98 (9.19%) Java
5 86 (8.07%) C#
6 46 (4.32%) PHP
6 46 (4.32%) Python
7 38 (3.56%) SQL
8 15 (1.41%) Bash Shell
8 15 (1.41%) Ruby
9 14 (1.31%) Scala
10 12 (1.13%) Go
11 11 (1.03%) ES7
11 11 (1.03%) Java 11
12 9 (0.84%) Java 8
13 6 (0.56%) PL/SQL
14 5 (0.47%) Kotlin
14 5 (0.47%) Shell Script
15 4 (0.38%) JSX
15 4 (0.38%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 67 (6.29%) Security Cleared
2 60 (5.63%) SC Cleared
3 36 (3.38%) Degree
4 19 (1.78%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (0.28%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.19%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.19%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.19%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 114 (10.69%) Accessibility
2 33 (3.10%) WCAG
3 14 (1.31%) QA
4 2 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.19%) WAI
5 1 (0.094%) GDPR
System Software
1 106 (9.94%) Docker
2 4 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.19%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 56 (5.25%) Kubernetes
2 19 (1.78%) Grafana
3 14 (1.31%) Kibana
4 11 (1.03%) Ansible
5 8 (0.75%) Terraform
6 5 (0.47%) logstash
7 4 (0.38%) Graphite
7 4 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.19%) HP ALM
9 1 (0.094%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.094%) Prometheus
9 1 (0.094%) Puppet
Vendors
1 47 (4.41%) Adobe
2 28 (2.63%) Microsoft
3 23 (2.16%) Oracle
4 21 (1.97%) Google
5 16 (1.50%) hybris
6 15 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.22%) SAP
8 10 (0.94%) Atlassian
8 10 (0.94%) Xerox
9 6 (0.56%) Demandware
10 5 (0.47%) BEA
10 5 (0.47%) HP
10 5 (0.47%) Informatica
10 5 (0.47%) Sitecore
10 5 (0.47%) Splunk
10 5 (0.47%) WSO2
11 4 (0.38%) Netlify
11 4 (0.38%) Xamarin
12 3 (0.28%) webMethods
13 2 (0.19%) SGI