Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
UK
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 68 76 99
Rank change year-on-year +8 +23 -5
Permanent jobs citing Front End Development 3,431 4,236 4,879
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.14% 3.73% 3.28%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.48% 4.05% 3.55%
Number of salaries quoted 2,779 3,641 4,143
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £40,000 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £67,500 £68,750 £67,500
90th Percentile £76,550 £83,750 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 76,569 104,649 137,390
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.45% 92.14% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 59,055 84,002 109,346
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Front End Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Front End Development.

Salary trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Front End Development over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the UK over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 3,011 £52,500 -4.55% 787
UK excluding London +15 1,998 £47,500 +5.56% 530
London +11 1,224 £65,000 -3.70% 308
Work from Home -7 852 £52,500 +5.00% 212
South East +29 648 £50,000 - 96
North of England -13 391 £45,000 - 173
South West +16 320 £50,000 +25.00% 68
Midlands +13 285 £45,500 +7.06% 98
North West -3 214 £45,000 -5.26% 101
West Midlands +39 199 £50,000 +11.11% 54
Scotland +10 171 £45,000 - 24
Yorkshire -3 158 £47,500 +18.75% 56
East Midlands -11 85 £40,000 -5.88% 44
East of England -5 79 £45,000 -10.00% 43
Northern Ireland +12 50 £35,000 -30.00% 6
Wales -8 43 £42,500 -15.00% 22
North East 0 21 £45,000 -5.26% 16
Isle of Man - 11 - -

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 2,664 (77.65%) JavaScript
2 2,043 (59.55%) HTML
3 2,025 (59.02%) CSS
4 1,523 (44.39%) React
5 1,401 (40.83%) Agile Software Development
6 1,163 (33.90%) AngularJS
7 953 (27.78%) TypeScript
8 903 (26.32%) User Experience
9 813 (23.70%) Git (software)
10 744 (21.68%) HTML5
11 735 (21.42%) Node.js
12 672 (19.59%) Vue.js
13 647 (18.86%) Sass
14 516 (15.04%) Redux
15 511 (14.89%) Software Engineering
16 494 (14.40%) AWS
17 487 (14.19%) TDD
17 487 (14.19%) C#
18 483 (14.08%) CSS3
19 452 (13.17%) .NET
20 431 (12.56%) Web Development
21 428 (12.47%) Scrum
22 423 (12.33%) Azure
22 423 (12.33%) ES6
23 417 (12.15%) Docker
24 402 (11.72%) PHP
25 381 (11.10%) Java
26 378 (11.02%) jQuery
27 372 (10.84%) Finance
28 359 (10.46%) Microservices

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 176 (5.13%) CMS
2 113 (3.29%) WordPress
3 63 (1.84%) Confluence
4 52 (1.52%) Umbraco
5 42 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
6 40 (1.17%) Sitecore CMS
7 33 (0.96%) Kentico
8 32 (0.93%) EPiServer
9 28 (0.82%) Apache
10 26 (0.76%) Headless CMS
11 25 (0.73%) IIS
12 17 (0.50%) Tomcat
13 15 (0.44%) JBoss
13 15 (0.44%) WebLogic
14 13 (0.38%) Moodle
15 12 (0.35%) SharePoint
16 10 (0.29%) Drupal
17 5 (0.15%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 5 (0.15%) nginx
18 4 (0.12%) Totara
Applications
1 75 (2.19%) Photoshop
2 55 (1.60%) Figma
3 51 (1.49%) Sketch
4 41 (1.19%) Adobe Illustrator
5 32 (0.93%) InVision
6 31 (0.90%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 25 (0.73%) Zeplin
8 24 (0.70%) Adobe XD
9 21 (0.61%) Chatbot
10 11 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
11 10 (0.29%) GIMP
12 8 (0.23%) Adobe After Effects
13 5 (0.15%) AutoCAD
13 5 (0.15%) MS Visio
13 5 (0.15%) Revit
13 5 (0.15%) UXPin
14 4 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 3 (0.087%) CINEMA 4D
15 3 (0.087%) Fireworks
15 3 (0.087%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 63 (1.84%) Shopify
2 60 (1.75%) Magento
3 19 (0.55%) nopCommerce
4 10 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
6 3 (0.087%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.058%) Maximo
8 1 (0.029%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.029%) OpenText MBPM
8 1 (0.029%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.029%) StreamServe
8 1 (0.029%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 494 (14.40%) AWS
2 423 (12.33%) Azure
3 237 (6.91%) SaaS
4 153 (4.46%) GCP
5 133 (3.88%) GitHub
6 130 (3.79%) npm
7 127 (3.70%) Serverless
8 63 (1.84%) AWS Lambda
9 42 (1.22%) AWS CloudFormation
10 41 (1.19%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 39 (1.14%) Yarn
12 38 (1.11%) Google Analytics
13 37 (1.08%) Amazon S3
14 29 (0.85%) Amazon EC2
15 28 (0.82%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 28 (0.82%) Azure Functions
15 28 (0.82%) PaaS
16 19 (0.55%) Amazon EKS
17 18 (0.52%) Power Platform
18 17 (0.50%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 45 (1.31%) Internet
2 29 (0.85%) HTTP
3 10 (0.29%) Intranet
4 7 (0.20%) SSL
5 6 (0.17%) Broadband
5 6 (0.17%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.15%) SSH
7 4 (0.12%) Skype
7 4 (0.12%) Wireless
8 2 (0.058%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.058%) Extranet
8 2 (0.058%) RTP
8 2 (0.058%) SMS
9 1 (0.029%) ATM
9 1 (0.029%) RS-485
9 1 (0.029%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 203 (5.92%) MySQL
2 176 (5.13%) SQL Server
3 109 (3.18%) MongoDB
4 106 (3.09%) PostgreSQL
5 89 (2.59%) NoSQL
6 56 (1.63%) Relational Database
7 37 (1.08%) Redis
8 29 (0.85%) Amazon RDS
9 28 (0.82%) Big Data
10 25 (0.73%) Cosmos DB
11 23 (0.67%) Apache Cassandra
12 18 (0.52%) Blockchain
13 17 (0.50%) Hadoop
14 11 (0.32%) Oracle Database
15 10 (0.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 8 (0.23%) Power BI
17 7 (0.20%) Tableau
18 6 (0.17%) Qlik Sense
18 6 (0.17%) SQL Server 2005
18 6 (0.17%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 813 (23.70%) Git (software)
2 290 (8.45%) webpack
3 155 (4.52%) gulp
4 133 (3.88%) JIRA
5 125 (3.64%) Cypress.io
6 104 (3.03%) Jenkins
7 85 (2.48%) Grunt
8 71 (2.07%) Bitbucket
9 66 (1.92%) Babel
10 55 (1.60%) Selenium
11 49 (1.43%) Mocha
12 48 (1.40%) Jasmine
13 47 (1.37%) Storybook
14 46 (1.34%) Visual Studio
15 40 (1.17%) GitLab
16 39 (1.14%) JUnit
17 38 (1.11%) Maven
18 33 (0.96%) Karma Test Runner
18 33 (0.96%) TeamCity
19 29 (0.85%) CircleCI
General
1 372 (10.84%) Finance
2 221 (6.44%) Marketing
3 128 (3.73%) Public Sector
4 122 (3.56%) Retail
5 111 (3.24%) Games
6 77 (2.24%) Banking
7 53 (1.54%) Telecoms
8 48 (1.40%) Manufacturing
9 46 (1.34%) Advertising
10 45 (1.31%) Electronics
11 32 (0.93%) Law
12 29 (0.85%) Front Office
13 23 (0.67%) Back Office
14 22 (0.64%) Publishing
15 16 (0.47%) Automotive
16 12 (0.35%) Financial Institution
17 11 (0.32%) Legal
18 10 (0.29%) Local Government
19 6 (0.17%) Digital Economy
20 5 (0.15%) Fire and Rescue
Job Titles
1 2,945 (85.84%) Developer
2 1,979 (57.68%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 660 (19.24%) Senior Developer
4 585 (17.05%) React Developer
5 456 (13.29%) Senior Front-End Developer
6 316 (9.21%) JavaScript Developer
7 256 (7.46%) Angular Developer
8 207 (6.03%) Full Stack Developer
9 139 (4.05%) Senior React Developer
10 129 (3.76%) Lead Developer
11 124 (3.61%) Software Engineer
12 111 (3.24%) Web Developer
13 97 (2.83%) .NET Developer
14 96 (2.80%) HTML Developer
15 88 (2.56%) Junior
15 88 (2.56%) PHP Developer
16 80 (2.33%) HTML CSS Developer
16 80 (2.33%) Junior Developer
17 79 (2.30%) Software Developer
18 70 (2.04%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,043 (59.55%) HTML
2 2,025 (59.02%) CSS
3 1,523 (44.39%) React
4 1,163 (33.90%) AngularJS
5 744 (21.68%) HTML5
6 735 (21.42%) Node.js
7 672 (19.59%) Vue.js
8 647 (18.86%) Sass
9 516 (15.04%) Redux
10 483 (14.08%) CSS3
11 452 (13.17%) .NET
12 378 (11.02%) jQuery
13 338 (9.85%) REST
14 296 (8.63%) RESTful
15 269 (7.84%) Jest
16 240 (7.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 208 (6.06%) GraphQL
18 202 (5.89%) Web Services
19 179 (5.22%) LESS
20 169 (4.93%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 903 (26.32%) User Experience
2 253 (7.37%) Greenfield Project
3 204 (5.95%) Mobile App
4 150 (4.37%) Analytical Skills
5 47 (1.37%) Self-Motivation
6 45 (1.31%) NHS
7 39 (1.14%) Blog
8 38 (1.11%) Data Structures
9 37 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
9 37 (1.08%) Virtual Team
10 33 (0.96%) Algorithms
11 31 (0.90%) Graphic Design
12 23 (0.67%) Wiki
13 21 (0.61%) Digital Media
14 20 (0.58%) Smartphone
15 18 (0.52%) Hedge funds
16 17 (0.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 16 (0.47%) Cloud Native
17 16 (0.47%) Video\Live Streaming
18 15 (0.44%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 133 (3.88%) Linux
2 92 (2.68%) Windows
3 85 (2.48%) Android
4 82 (2.39%) Apple iOS
5 36 (1.05%) Unix
6 18 (0.52%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.15%) Debian
8 4 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.087%) Mac OS
9 3 (0.087%) tvOS
10 1 (0.029%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,401 (40.83%) Agile Software Development
2 511 (14.89%) Software Engineering
3 487 (14.19%) TDD
4 431 (12.56%) Web Development
5 428 (12.47%) Scrum
6 359 (10.46%) Microservices
7 316 (9.21%) DevOps
8 296 (8.63%) Unit Testing
9 284 (8.28%) E-Commerce
10 276 (8.04%) Fintech
11 273 (7.96%) Problem-Solving
12 248 (7.23%) Test Automation
13 217 (6.32%) Mentoring
14 211 (6.15%) Continuous Integration
15 201 (5.86%) Computer Science
16 184 (5.36%) Analytics
17 180 (5.25%) MVC
18 169 (4.93%) OO
19 152 (4.43%) OOP
20 132 (3.85%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 2,664 (77.65%) JavaScript
2 953 (27.78%) TypeScript
3 487 (14.19%) C#
4 423 (12.33%) ES6
5 402 (11.72%) PHP
6 381 (11.10%) Java
7 309 (9.01%) Python
8 290 (8.45%) SQL
9 73 (2.13%) Go
10 53 (1.54%) Ruby
11 37 (1.08%) C++
11 37 (1.08%) Scala
12 29 (0.85%) C
13 27 (0.79%) Java 8
14 25 (0.73%) T-SQL
15 24 (0.70%) Kotlin
16 21 (0.61%) ES7
17 16 (0.47%) R
18 15 (0.44%) Bash Shell
18 15 (0.44%) Rust
Qualifications
1 292 (8.51%) Degree
2 104 (3.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 58 (1.69%) Security Cleared
4 43 (1.25%) SC Cleared
5 23 (0.67%) Master's Degree
6 14 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (0.32%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 7 (0.20%) PhD
9 4 (0.12%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.12%) MOS
10 3 (0.087%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.058%) Numerate Degree
11 2 (0.058%) PMI Certification
11 2 (0.058%) SANS
12 1 (0.029%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.029%) MCP
12 1 (0.029%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 152 (4.43%) QA
2 19 (0.55%) WCAG
3 16 (0.47%) WAI
4 6 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
5 5 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 5 (0.15%) PCI DSS
5 5 (0.15%) SLA
6 3 (0.087%) GDPR
7 1 (0.029%) Data Quality
System Software
1 417 (12.15%) Docker
2 9 (0.26%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.087%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 221 (6.44%) Kubernetes
2 51 (1.49%) Terraform
3 23 (0.67%) Puppet
4 21 (0.61%) Ansible
5 7 (0.20%) Rancher
6 3 (0.087%) MIIS
6 3 (0.087%) Single Sign-On
7 2 (0.058%) Grafana
7 2 (0.058%) Icinga
7 2 (0.058%) Istio
7 2 (0.058%) Kibana
7 2 (0.058%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.029%) logstash
8 1 (0.029%) OpenView
Vendors
1 153 (4.46%) Microsoft
2 136 (3.96%) Adobe
3 119 (3.47%) Google
4 48 (1.40%) Oracle
5 44 (1.28%) Sitecore
6 35 (1.02%) SAP
7 34 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
8 22 (0.64%) Atlassian
9 17 (0.50%) WooCommerce
10 16 (0.47%) Xamarin
11 15 (0.44%) DoubleClick
11 15 (0.44%) IBM
12 11 (0.32%) Spotify
13 10 (0.29%) Autodesk
14 9 (0.26%) Mercator
15 8 (0.23%) PagerDuty
15 8 (0.23%) Samsung
15 8 (0.23%) Sony
16 7 (0.20%) Intel
16 7 (0.20%) Twitter