Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 69 74 83
Rank change year-on-year +5 +9 +12
Permanent jobs citing Front End Development 5,447 2,247 4,723
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.22% 4.04% 3.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.47% 4.35% 3.80%
Number of salaries quoted 3,240 1,989 4,113
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £40,000 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £51,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +1.94% +3.00%
75th Percentile £72,500 £67,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £76,750 £82,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,729 51,713 124,343
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.36% 92.88% 92.59%
Number of salaries quoted 81,314 43,396 99,764
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +1.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Front End Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Front End Development.

Salary trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Front End Development over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 4,779 £55,000 +2.33% 863
London +24 2,615 £67,500 - 417
UK excluding London -24 2,275 £50,000 +5.26% 492
Work from Home +6 1,659 £55,000 +4.76% 238
South East -17 795 £50,000 - 102
North of England -32 504 £54,000 +20.00% 167
Midlands -12 365 £49,500 +10.00% 73
South West -4 299 £50,000 +8.70% 65
North West -44 245 £55,000 +10.00% 85
Yorkshire -16 226 £55,000 +30.95% 57
West Midlands -33 223 £50,000 - 53
Scotland -37 150 £60,000 +50.00% 37
East of England -42 124 £47,500 +5.56% 35
East Midlands -9 118 £47,000 +25.33% 18
Wales -46 35 £50,000 +11.11% 9
North East -15 34 £29,500 -10.61% 25
Northern Ireland -44 29 £39,750 -0.63% 6

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 3,764 (69.10%) JavaScript
2 3,353 (61.56%) React
3 2,899 (53.22%) HTML
4 2,840 (52.14%) CSS
5 2,484 (45.60%) Agile Software Development
6 1,789 (32.84%) TypeScript
7 1,711 (31.41%) AngularJS
8 1,647 (30.24%) User Experience
9 1,281 (23.52%) Node.js
10 1,257 (23.08%) Git (software)
11 1,116 (20.49%) Software Engineering
12 1,107 (20.32%) HTML5
13 1,087 (19.96%) Vue.js
14 1,076 (19.75%) Social Skills
15 960 (17.62%) Finance
16 894 (16.41%) AWS
17 891 (16.36%) Full Stack Development
18 864 (15.86%) Redux
19 856 (15.72%) Python
20 854 (15.68%) TDD
21 840 (15.42%) Web Development
22 838 (15.38%) Sass
23 776 (14.25%) Java
24 760 (13.95%) Azure
24 760 (13.95%) CSS3
25 733 (13.46%) Docker
26 730 (13.40%) REST
27 710 (13.03%) RESTful
27 710 (13.03%) DevOps
28 705 (12.94%) Problem-Solving

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 350 (6.43%) CMS
2 205 (3.76%) WordPress
3 110 (2.02%) Confluence
4 101 (1.85%) Elasticsearch
5 100 (1.84%) Headless CMS
6 81 (1.49%) Umbraco
7 70 (1.29%) Kentico
8 67 (1.23%) Sitecore CMS
9 64 (1.17%) EPiServer
10 56 (1.03%) IIS
11 43 (0.79%) Apache
12 34 (0.62%) SharePoint
13 28 (0.51%) nginx
14 27 (0.50%) Drupal
15 20 (0.37%) IBM Domino
15 20 (0.37%) Oracle Coherence
16 14 (0.26%) LiveCycle
16 14 (0.26%) Mule
17 13 (0.24%) Apache Spark
18 12 (0.22%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 160 (2.94%) Figma
2 131 (2.40%) Sketch
3 87 (1.60%) Photoshop
4 84 (1.54%) Adobe XD
5 67 (1.23%) InVision
6 44 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 40 (0.73%) Adobe Illustrator
8 25 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
9 20 (0.37%) MS Visio
10 18 (0.33%) Zeplin
11 11 (0.20%) Campfire
11 11 (0.20%) OmniGraffle
12 10 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
12 10 (0.18%) Final Cut Pro
13 8 (0.15%) GIMP
13 8 (0.15%) InDesign
14 7 (0.13%) Chatbot
14 7 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
15 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
16 2 (0.037%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 73 (1.34%) Magento
2 57 (1.05%) Shopify
3 20 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
4 16 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
5 11 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
6 8 (0.15%) WebTrends
7 4 (0.073%) OpenCart
8 3 (0.055%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.018%) Primavera
9 1 (0.018%) Relativity
9 1 (0.018%) SDL Web 8
9 1 (0.018%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 894 (16.41%) AWS
2 760 (13.95%) Azure
3 581 (10.67%) SaaS
4 349 (6.41%) npm
5 324 (5.95%) GitHub
6 286 (5.25%) GCP
7 217 (3.98%) Serverless
8 151 (2.77%) AWS Lambda
9 119 (2.18%) Amazon S3
10 103 (1.89%) Yarn
11 82 (1.51%) AWS CloudFormation
12 64 (1.17%) Slack
13 62 (1.14%) Firebase
13 62 (1.14%) GitHub Actions
14 60 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
15 59 (1.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 52 (0.95%) Amazon EKS
17 48 (0.88%) Amazon ECS
18 46 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
19 38 (0.70%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 247 (4.53%) HTTP
2 61 (1.12%) Internet
3 48 (0.88%) DNS
4 26 (0.48%) Broadband
5 21 (0.39%) SSL
6 16 (0.29%) WebEx
7 13 (0.24%) Firewall
8 10 (0.18%) Intranet
9 7 (0.13%) RIP
10 6 (0.11%) Asterisk PBX
11 4 (0.073%) FTP
11 4 (0.073%) SSH
12 3 (0.055%) Wireless
13 2 (0.037%) AMQP
13 2 (0.037%) DAB
13 2 (0.037%) MQTT
13 2 (0.037%) PPP
14 1 (0.018%) Skype
14 1 (0.018%) SNMP
14 1 (0.018%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 356 (6.54%) MySQL
2 294 (5.40%) PostgreSQL
3 253 (4.64%) SQL Server
4 180 (3.30%) NoSQL
5 174 (3.19%) MongoDB
6 171 (3.14%) Relational Database
7 114 (2.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 82 (1.51%) Amazon RDS
9 72 (1.32%) Big Data
10 68 (1.25%) Redis
11 51 (0.94%) Blockchain
12 47 (0.86%) Amazon Redshift
12 47 (0.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 42 (0.77%) Amazon Aurora
13 42 (0.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 30 (0.55%) Data Warehouse
15 27 (0.50%) Amazon Athena
16 26 (0.48%) Oracle Database
17 25 (0.46%) Power BI
18 22 (0.40%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 1,257 (23.08%) Git (software)
2 629 (11.55%) webpack
3 333 (6.11%) Jenkins
4 282 (5.18%) JIRA
5 231 (4.24%) gulp
6 204 (3.75%) Cypress.io
7 151 (2.77%) Mocha
8 139 (2.55%) GitLab
9 128 (2.35%) Babel
10 113 (2.07%) TeamCity
11 112 (2.06%) Selenium
12 106 (1.95%) Jasmine
12 106 (1.95%) Storybook
13 104 (1.91%) Grunt
14 92 (1.69%) Bitbucket
15 87 (1.60%) Visual Studio
16 78 (1.43%) Octopus Deploy
17 68 (1.25%) Cucumber
18 65 (1.19%) Codeship
19 59 (1.08%) JUnit
General
1 1,076 (19.75%) Social Skills
2 960 (17.62%) Finance
3 402 (7.38%) Marketing
4 236 (4.33%) Retail
5 214 (3.93%) Banking
6 191 (3.51%) Analytical Skills
7 179 (3.29%) Games
8 105 (1.93%) Public Sector
9 103 (1.89%) Front Office
10 93 (1.71%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 87 (1.60%) Financial Institution
12 70 (1.29%) Manufacturing
13 68 (1.25%) Telecoms
14 49 (0.90%) Pharmaceutical
15 45 (0.83%) Legal
16 43 (0.79%) Advertising
17 41 (0.75%) Presentation Skills
17 41 (0.75%) Wearables
18 36 (0.66%) Organisational Skills
19 34 (0.62%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 4,480 (82.25%) Developer
2 2,822 (51.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 901 (16.54%) Senior Developer
4 868 (15.94%) React Developer
5 573 (10.52%) Senior Front-End Developer
6 351 (6.44%) Software Engineer
7 343 (6.30%) Angular Developer
8 269 (4.94%) JavaScript Developer
9 262 (4.81%) Full Stack Developer
10 242 (4.44%) Web Developer
11 239 (4.39%) Lead Developer
12 166 (3.05%) Software Developer
13 160 (2.94%) Senior React Developer
14 159 (2.92%) Java Developer
15 133 (2.44%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 131 (2.40%) UI Developer
17 128 (2.35%) Python Developer
18 124 (2.28%) Junior
19 119 (2.18%) Junior Developer
20 118 (2.17%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,353 (61.56%) React
2 2,899 (53.22%) HTML
3 2,840 (52.14%) CSS
4 1,711 (31.41%) AngularJS
5 1,281 (23.52%) Node.js
6 1,107 (20.32%) HTML5
7 1,087 (19.96%) Vue.js
8 864 (15.86%) Redux
9 838 (15.38%) Sass
10 760 (13.95%) CSS3
11 730 (13.40%) REST
12 710 (13.03%) RESTful
13 523 (9.60%) .NET
14 493 (9.05%) Jest
15 466 (8.56%) GraphQL
16 448 (8.22%) Web Services
17 405 (7.44%) React Native
18 396 (7.27%) jQuery
19 256 (4.70%) Django
20 237 (4.35%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1,647 (30.24%) User Experience
2 405 (7.44%) Greenfield Project
3 281 (5.16%) Mobile App
4 143 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
5 130 (2.39%) Virtual Team
6 126 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 125 (2.29%) Cloud Native
8 123 (2.26%) Hedge funds
9 103 (1.89%) Fixed Income
10 101 (1.85%) Data Structures
11 100 (1.84%) Algorithms
12 96 (1.76%) e-Learning
13 90 (1.65%) Equities
14 65 (1.19%) Derivative
15 64 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
16 55 (1.01%) Credit Derivative
17 54 (0.99%) NHS
18 50 (0.92%) Tandem
18 50 (0.92%) W3C
19 48 (0.88%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 233 (4.28%) Linux
2 155 (2.85%) Windows
3 142 (2.61%) Apple iOS
4 130 (2.39%) Android
5 55 (1.01%) Windows Server
6 32 (0.59%) Unix
7 25 (0.46%) Mesosphere
8 13 (0.24%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.15%) CentOS
10 6 (0.11%) SUSE
11 4 (0.073%) Debian
12 2 (0.037%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.018%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.018%) tvOS
13 1 (0.018%) VMS
13 1 (0.018%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,484 (45.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,116 (20.49%) Software Engineering
3 891 (16.36%) Full Stack Development
4 854 (15.68%) TDD
5 840 (15.42%) Web Development
6 710 (13.03%) DevOps
7 705 (12.94%) Problem-Solving
8 635 (11.66%) Scrum
9 601 (11.03%) E-Commerce
10 564 (10.35%) Test Automation
11 549 (10.08%) Microservices
12 515 (9.45%) Fintech
13 506 (9.29%) Unit Testing
14 469 (8.61%) Mentoring
15 440 (8.08%) Computer Science
16 430 (7.89%) Continuous Integration
17 414 (7.60%) Analytics
18 300 (5.51%) Clean Code
19 299 (5.49%) SEO
20 296 (5.43%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 3,764 (69.10%) JavaScript
2 1,789 (32.84%) TypeScript
3 856 (15.72%) Python
4 776 (14.25%) Java
5 567 (10.41%) C#
6 530 (9.73%) ES6
7 508 (9.33%) PHP
8 407 (7.47%) SQL
9 236 (4.33%) Go
10 126 (2.31%) Ruby
11 97 (1.78%) Kotlin
12 90 (1.65%) ES7
13 89 (1.63%) Scala
14 55 (1.01%) Groovy
15 52 (0.95%) C++
16 50 (0.92%) PHP 7
17 46 (0.84%) Apple Swift
18 45 (0.83%) C
19 44 (0.81%) Java 8
20 38 (0.70%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 446 (8.19%) Degree
2 238 (4.37%) Computer Science Degree
3 122 (2.24%) Security Cleared
4 90 (1.65%) SC Cleared
5 54 (0.99%) Master's Degree
6 26 (0.48%) PhD
7 25 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.28%) SANS
9 10 (0.18%) AWS Certification
10 7 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.055%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.018%) DV Cleared
12 1 (0.018%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 423 (7.77%) Accessibility
2 316 (5.80%) QA
3 66 (1.21%) WCAG
4 29 (0.53%) GDPR
5 20 (0.37%) PMO
6 14 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.22%) WAI
8 10 (0.18%) ISO 13485
8 10 (0.18%) NCSC
9 5 (0.092%) SLA
10 4 (0.073%) IEC 62304
11 2 (0.037%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.018%) COPPA
12 1 (0.018%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.018%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.018%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.018%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 1 (0.018%) TickIT
System Software
1 733 (13.46%) Docker
2 18 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 9 (0.17%) Firmware
4 8 (0.15%) etcd
5 3 (0.055%) Varnish
6 2 (0.037%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 483 (8.87%) Kubernetes
2 198 (3.64%) Terraform
3 70 (1.29%) Prometheus
4 63 (1.16%) Ansible
5 61 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
6 48 (0.88%) Puppet
7 43 (0.79%) Istio
8 33 (0.61%) Consul
9 31 (0.57%) Kibana
10 30 (0.55%) Grafana
11 25 (0.46%) Automic
12 21 (0.39%) Rancher
13 20 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
14 16 (0.29%) logstash
15 10 (0.18%) Mesos
16 5 (0.092%) Hadoop YARN
16 5 (0.092%) Pingdom
17 2 (0.037%) Bugsnag
18 1 (0.018%) Docker Swarm
18 1 (0.018%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 332 (6.10%) Microsoft
2 290 (5.32%) Google
3 263 (4.83%) Adobe
4 112 (2.06%) Oracle
5 78 (1.43%) Sitecore
6 57 (1.05%) Apple
6 57 (1.05%) SAP
6 57 (1.05%) WooCommerce
7 48 (0.88%) Facebook
8 44 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
9 29 (0.53%) Mercator
9 29 (0.53%) Twitter
10 27 (0.50%) BT
11 25 (0.46%) Splunk
12 23 (0.42%) HubSpot
12 23 (0.42%) Instagram
12 23 (0.42%) Optimizely
12 23 (0.42%) Samsung
13 21 (0.39%) IBM
14 20 (0.37%) Solace