Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 63 81 93
Rank change year-on-year +18 +12 +2
Permanent jobs citing Front End Development 5,445 1,875 4,704
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.50% 3.82% 3.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.78% 4.09% 3.59%
Number of salaries quoted 3,103 1,630 4,073
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £70,000 £70,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 113,815 45,798 130,905
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.02% 93.24% 92.61%
Number of salaries quoted 75,990 37,717 104,073
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Front End Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Front End Development.

Salary trend for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Front End Development over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Front End Development in the UK

Front End Development
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +21 4,917 £55,000 +3.29% 827
London +35 2,776 £65,000 -7.14% 400
UK excluding London -8 2,240 £50,000 +5.26% 474
Work from Home 0 1,448 £53,750 +2.38% 204
South East +12 888 £50,000 - 95
North of England -46 441 £50,000 +11.11% 171
Midlands -22 300 £46,000 +5.14% 75
South West -12 295 £50,000 +11.11% 53
North West -33 230 £50,000 - 89
Yorkshire -47 188 £50,000 +20.48% 57
West Midlands -36 178 £45,500 -9.00% 52
East of England -8 145 £47,500 +5.56% 31
Scotland -48 115 £55,000 +37.50% 35
East Midlands -14 109 £47,000 +34.29% 22
Wales -42 32 £50,000 +17.65% 12
Northern Ireland -33 31 £40,000 -25.58% 3
North East -33 25 £29,500 -15.71% 25

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 3,899 (71.61%) JavaScript
2 3,372 (61.93%) React
3 2,891 (53.09%) CSS
4 2,802 (51.46%) HTML
5 2,488 (45.69%) Agile Software Development
6 1,867 (34.29%) AngularJS
7 1,825 (33.52%) TypeScript
8 1,654 (30.38%) User Experience
9 1,432 (26.30%) Git (software)
10 1,249 (22.94%) Node.js
11 1,064 (19.54%) Vue.js
12 1,039 (19.08%) Software Engineering
13 1,034 (18.99%) Social Skills
14 1,028 (18.88%) AWS
15 1,021 (18.75%) HTML5
16 899 (16.51%) Finance
17 892 (16.38%) Redux
18 887 (16.29%) Full Stack Development
19 876 (16.09%) TDD
20 861 (15.81%) Sass
21 803 (14.75%) REST
22 780 (14.33%) Azure
22 780 (14.33%) Web Development
23 767 (14.09%) Docker
24 737 (13.54%) Java
25 728 (13.37%) Python
26 716 (13.15%) Problem-Solving
27 700 (12.86%) DevOps
28 694 (12.75%) RESTful
29 691 (12.69%) Scrum

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 342 (6.28%) CMS
2 200 (3.67%) WordPress
3 121 (2.22%) Confluence
4 101 (1.85%) Elasticsearch
5 82 (1.51%) Headless CMS
6 70 (1.29%) Umbraco
7 56 (1.03%) Sitecore CMS
8 50 (0.92%) EPiServer
8 50 (0.92%) Kentico
9 44 (0.81%) IIS
10 35 (0.64%) Apache
11 29 (0.53%) nginx
12 23 (0.42%) Drupal
12 23 (0.42%) IBM Domino
12 23 (0.42%) SharePoint
13 20 (0.37%) Oracle Coherence
14 18 (0.33%) Apache Spark
15 14 (0.26%) LiveCycle
15 14 (0.26%) Mule
15 14 (0.26%) Traefik
Applications
1 147 (2.70%) Figma
2 120 (2.20%) Sketch
3 74 (1.36%) Photoshop
4 71 (1.30%) Adobe XD
5 53 (0.97%) InVision
6 39 (0.72%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 38 (0.70%) Adobe Illustrator
8 28 (0.51%) Zeplin
9 24 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
10 22 (0.40%) MS Visio
11 16 (0.29%) OmniGraffle
12 13 (0.24%) Campfire
12 13 (0.24%) Chatbot
13 11 (0.20%) GIMP
14 10 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
14 10 (0.18%) Final Cut Pro
15 8 (0.15%) InDesign
16 7 (0.13%) UXPin
17 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
17 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 78 (1.43%) Magento
2 68 (1.25%) Shopify
3 21 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
4 14 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 10 (0.18%) Primavera
6 8 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
6 8 (0.15%) WebTrends
7 5 (0.092%) Dynamics CRM
7 5 (0.092%) OpenCart
8 4 (0.073%) Oracle BPM
9 2 (0.037%) Sentinel
10 1 (0.018%) Relativity
10 1 (0.018%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 1,028 (18.88%) AWS
2 780 (14.33%) Azure
3 476 (8.74%) SaaS
4 328 (6.02%) npm
5 282 (5.18%) GCP
6 269 (4.94%) GitHub
6 269 (4.94%) Serverless
7 184 (3.38%) AWS Lambda
8 132 (2.42%) Amazon S3
9 103 (1.89%) AWS CloudFormation
10 82 (1.51%) Amazon EKS
11 76 (1.40%) Slack
11 76 (1.40%) Yarn
12 61 (1.12%) Firebase
13 56 (1.03%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 55 (1.01%) Cloud Computing
15 52 (0.96%) Amazon Cognito
16 51 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
17 45 (0.83%) Amazon ECS
18 44 (0.81%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 124 (2.28%) HTTP
2 46 (0.84%) Internet
3 42 (0.77%) DNS
4 33 (0.61%) Broadband
5 21 (0.39%) SSL
6 16 (0.29%) WebEx
7 9 (0.17%) RIP
8 8 (0.15%) Firewall
8 8 (0.15%) SSH
9 6 (0.11%) Asterisk PBX
10 5 (0.092%) DAB
10 5 (0.092%) Wireless
11 4 (0.073%) FTP
11 4 (0.073%) Intranet
11 4 (0.073%) Skype
12 2 (0.037%) AMQP
12 2 (0.037%) ATM
13 1 (0.018%) HTTPS
13 1 (0.018%) SMS
13 1 (0.018%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 349 (6.41%) MySQL
2 336 (6.17%) PostgreSQL
3 273 (5.01%) SQL Server
4 214 (3.93%) NoSQL
5 205 (3.76%) MongoDB
6 193 (3.54%) Relational Database
7 118 (2.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 107 (1.97%) Redis
9 98 (1.80%) Amazon RDS
10 87 (1.60%) Big Data
11 60 (1.10%) Amazon Redshift
12 48 (0.88%) Blockchain
12 48 (0.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 42 (0.77%) Amazon Aurora
14 41 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 40 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
16 39 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
17 38 (0.70%) Power BI
18 35 (0.64%) Hadoop
19 27 (0.50%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 1,432 (26.30%) Git (software)
2 623 (11.44%) webpack
3 345 (6.34%) JIRA
4 268 (4.92%) Jenkins
5 266 (4.89%) gulp
6 233 (4.28%) Cypress.io
7 158 (2.90%) GitLab
8 123 (2.26%) Babel
9 117 (2.15%) Bitbucket
10 110 (2.02%) Storybook
11 105 (1.93%) Jasmine
12 95 (1.74%) TeamCity
13 93 (1.71%) Mocha
14 92 (1.69%) Grunt
15 88 (1.62%) JUnit
16 84 (1.54%) Selenium
17 82 (1.51%) Visual Studio
18 69 (1.27%) CircleCI
19 65 (1.19%) git-flow
20 59 (1.08%) Maven
General
1 1,034 (18.99%) Social Skills
2 899 (16.51%) Finance
3 423 (7.77%) Marketing
4 241 (4.43%) Retail
5 213 (3.91%) Games
6 183 (3.36%) Analytical Skills
7 165 (3.03%) Banking
8 138 (2.53%) Public Sector
9 103 (1.89%) Manufacturing
10 72 (1.32%) Telecoms
11 67 (1.23%) Financial Institution
12 65 (1.19%) Organisational Skills
13 64 (1.18%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 56 (1.03%) Advertising
15 52 (0.96%) Front Office
16 49 (0.90%) Wearables
17 48 (0.88%) Electronics
17 48 (0.88%) Legal
18 43 (0.79%) Publishing
19 37 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 4,344 (79.78%) Developer
2 2,862 (52.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 894 (16.42%) Senior Developer
4 793 (14.56%) React Developer
5 629 (11.55%) Senior Front-End Developer
6 425 (7.81%) Angular Developer
7 343 (6.30%) JavaScript Developer
8 324 (5.95%) Software Engineer
9 236 (4.33%) Full Stack Developer
10 209 (3.84%) Lead Developer
11 186 (3.42%) Web Developer
12 168 (3.09%) Senior React Developer
13 149 (2.74%) .NET Developer
14 130 (2.39%) Java Developer
15 118 (2.17%) Software Developer
16 114 (2.09%) PHP Developer
17 113 (2.08%) Senior Software Engineer
18 108 (1.98%) UI Developer
19 104 (1.91%) Backend Developer
20 101 (1.85%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,372 (61.93%) React
2 2,891 (53.09%) CSS
3 2,802 (51.46%) HTML
4 1,867 (34.29%) AngularJS
5 1,249 (22.94%) Node.js
6 1,064 (19.54%) Vue.js
7 1,021 (18.75%) HTML5
8 892 (16.38%) Redux
9 861 (15.81%) Sass
10 803 (14.75%) REST
11 694 (12.75%) RESTful
12 687 (12.62%) CSS3
13 583 (10.71%) Jest
14 573 (10.52%) .NET
15 480 (8.82%) Web Services
16 475 (8.72%) GraphQL
17 402 (7.38%) jQuery
18 339 (6.23%) React Native
19 308 (5.66%) LESS
20 270 (4.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 1,654 (30.38%) User Experience
2 361 (6.63%) Greenfield Project
3 299 (5.49%) Mobile App
4 136 (2.50%) Virtual Team
5 124 (2.28%) Self-Motivation
6 120 (2.20%) Cloud Native
7 101 (1.85%) Algorithms
8 100 (1.84%) Data Structures
9 76 (1.40%) Hedge funds
9 76 (1.40%) NHS
10 67 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
11 62 (1.14%) Blog
12 52 (0.96%) W3C
13 51 (0.94%) Fixed Income
14 48 (0.88%) Video\Live Streaming
15 45 (0.83%) e-Learning
16 44 (0.81%) Tandem
17 40 (0.73%) Animation
18 39 (0.72%) Derivative
18 39 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 239 (4.39%) Linux
2 179 (3.29%) Apple iOS
3 168 (3.09%) Android
4 161 (2.96%) Windows
5 39 (0.72%) Windows Server
6 31 (0.57%) Unix
7 25 (0.46%) Mesosphere
8 8 (0.15%) Ubuntu
9 7 (0.13%) SUSE
10 6 (0.11%) tvOS
11 5 (0.092%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.055%) Debian
13 1 (0.018%) VMS
13 1 (0.018%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,488 (45.69%) Agile Software Development
2 1,039 (19.08%) Software Engineering
3 887 (16.29%) Full Stack Development
4 876 (16.09%) TDD
5 780 (14.33%) Web Development
6 716 (13.15%) Problem-Solving
7 700 (12.86%) DevOps
8 691 (12.69%) Scrum
9 663 (12.18%) Microservices
10 625 (11.48%) Test Automation
11 576 (10.58%) E-Commerce
12 564 (10.36%) Unit Testing
13 504 (9.26%) Continuous Integration
14 495 (9.09%) Mentoring
15 476 (8.74%) Computer Science
16 455 (8.36%) Fintech
17 447 (8.21%) Analytics
18 332 (6.10%) Artificial Intelligence
19 317 (5.82%) Visualisation
20 303 (5.56%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 3,899 (71.61%) JavaScript
2 1,825 (33.52%) TypeScript
3 737 (13.54%) Java
4 728 (13.37%) Python
5 620 (11.39%) ES6
6 611 (11.22%) C#
7 495 (9.09%) PHP
8 479 (8.80%) SQL
9 194 (3.56%) Go
10 121 (2.22%) Ruby
11 105 (1.93%) ES7
12 101 (1.85%) Scala
13 94 (1.73%) Kotlin
14 60 (1.10%) C++
15 49 (0.90%) C
16 46 (0.84%) Apple Swift
16 46 (0.84%) Java 8
17 44 (0.81%) Elm
18 37 (0.68%) Shell Script
19 35 (0.64%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 472 (8.67%) Degree
2 221 (4.06%) Computer Science Degree
3 116 (2.13%) Security Cleared
4 102 (1.87%) SC Cleared
5 74 (1.36%) Master's Degree
6 38 (0.70%) PhD
7 36 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
8 14 (0.26%) SANS
9 8 (0.15%) AWS Certification
9 8 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
10 4 (0.073%) MOS
11 3 (0.055%) CTC Cleared
11 3 (0.055%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.037%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 1 (0.018%) Chartered Engineer
13 1 (0.018%) Microsoft Certification
13 1 (0.018%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 448 (8.23%) Accessibility
2 294 (5.40%) QA
3 60 (1.10%) WCAG
4 35 (0.64%) GDPR
5 20 (0.37%) PMO
6 14 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.22%) WAI
8 10 (0.18%) ISO 13485
8 10 (0.18%) NCSC
9 8 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
10 4 (0.073%) IEC 62304
10 4 (0.073%) SLA
11 2 (0.037%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.018%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.018%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 767 (14.09%) Docker
2 21 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 18 (0.33%) Firmware
4 11 (0.20%) etcd
5 3 (0.055%) Varnish
6 1 (0.018%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.018%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 544 (9.99%) Kubernetes
2 158 (2.90%) Terraform
3 80 (1.47%) Prometheus
4 71 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
5 55 (1.01%) Istio
6 53 (0.97%) Ansible
7 44 (0.81%) Puppet
8 36 (0.66%) Consul
9 28 (0.51%) Kibana
10 25 (0.46%) Automic
11 24 (0.44%) Grafana
12 20 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
13 17 (0.31%) logstash
14 16 (0.29%) Rancher
15 10 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
15 10 (0.18%) Mesos
16 5 (0.092%) Hadoop YARN
16 5 (0.092%) Pingdom
17 3 (0.055%) OpenNebula
18 2 (0.037%) Bugsnag
Vendors
1 353 (6.48%) Microsoft
2 326 (5.99%) Google
3 267 (4.90%) Adobe
4 132 (2.42%) Oracle
5 64 (1.18%) Sitecore
6 62 (1.14%) SAP
7 55 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
8 51 (0.94%) Apple
8 51 (0.94%) WooCommerce
9 44 (0.81%) Facebook
10 41 (0.75%) Spotify
11 36 (0.66%) BT
11 36 (0.66%) Mercator
11 36 (0.66%) Samsung
12 33 (0.61%) Atlassian
13 26 (0.48%) Splunk
14 23 (0.42%) HubSpot
15 22 (0.40%) Cadence
15 22 (0.40%) Sony
16 21 (0.39%) IBM