Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CI/CD
UK
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 17 19 29
Rank change year-on-year +2 +10 +35
Permanent jobs citing CI/CD 21,036 9,414 6,388
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 12.67% 10.12% 7.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.32% 10.83% 7.55%
Number of salaries quoted 8,167 7,061 5,174
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.54% - +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £100,000 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +1.72%

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157,885 86,906 84,557
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.07% 93.46% 92.91%
Number of salaries quoted 82,357 64,292 67,941
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,824 £41,250 £40,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% +5.56%

CI/CD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CI/CD in the UK

CI/CD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CI/CD.

Salary trend for CI/CD in the UK

CI/CD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing CI/CD over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Salary histogram for CI/CD in the UK

CI/CD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CI/CD within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +2 17,496 £75,000 +11.11% 1,347
London +1 11,813 £82,500 +6.45% 699
Work from Home +2 9,633 £70,000 +7.69% 728
UK excluding London +1 6,045 £62,500 +8.70% 733
South East +1 1,914 £67,500 +12.50% 150
North of England +9 1,661 £62,500 +8.70% 236
North West +7 961 £62,500 +8.70% 138
South West -2 762 £60,000 +17.65% 77
Yorkshire +11 595 £62,500 +4.17% 72
Midlands -7 577 £65,000 +8.33% 103
East of England +2 532 £65,000 - 78
Scotland -3 514 £60,000 +20.00% 76
West Midlands -15 371 £65,000 +4.00% 62
East Midlands +11 203 £62,500 +21.95% 41
Wales -13 122 £55,000 +22.22% 10
North East +7 105 £52,500 +5.00% 26
Northern Ireland -14 32 £52,500 +10.53% 4

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT jobs citing CI/CD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CI/CD.

1 12,489 (59.37%) Agile
2 11,046 (52.51%) AWS
3 10,560 (50.20%) DevOps
4 8,199 (38.98%) Azure
5 8,119 (38.60%) Python
6 7,902 (37.56%) Docker
7 7,376 (35.06%) Kubernetes
8 6,872 (32.67%) Java
9 6,783 (32.24%) Software Engineering
10 6,451 (30.67%) JavaScript
11 5,519 (26.24%) Microservices
12 5,510 (26.19%) React
13 5,484 (26.07%) Finance
14 5,477 (26.04%) Terraform
15 5,473 (26.02%) Git (software)
16 5,437 (25.85%) Jenkins
17 5,147 (24.47%) Test Automation
18 4,959 (23.57%) SQL
19 4,936 (23.46%) TDD
20 4,625 (21.99%) GCP
21 4,412 (20.97%) Social Skills
22 4,030 (19.16%) C#
23 3,964 (18.84%) Scrum
24 3,830 (18.21%) Node.js
25 3,826 (18.19%) Continuous Integration
26 3,810 (18.11%) Infrastructure as Code
27 3,783 (17.98%) Full Stack Development
28 3,618 (17.20%) .NET
29 3,517 (16.72%) Linux
30 3,471 (16.50%) TypeScript

CI/CD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,145 (5.44%) Elasticsearch
2 745 (3.54%) Confluence
3 742 (3.53%) Apache Spark
4 529 (2.51%) Apache
5 514 (2.44%) Apache Airflow
6 324 (1.54%) CMS
7 301 (1.43%) nginx
8 285 (1.35%) IIS
9 166 (0.79%) Tomcat
10 152 (0.72%) BizTalk Server
11 151 (0.72%) JBoss
12 132 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
13 93 (0.44%) Jupyter
13 93 (0.44%) WordPress
14 89 (0.42%) Headless CMS
15 85 (0.40%) SharePoint
16 76 (0.36%) OpenStack
17 68 (0.32%) Ethereum
18 52 (0.25%) Luigi
19 51 (0.24%) Drupal
Applications
1 51 (0.24%) Chatbot
2 48 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.14%) Sketch
4 22 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
5 21 (0.100%) Adobe Illustrator
5 21 (0.100%) Microsoft Excel
5 21 (0.100%) Photoshop
6 16 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 12 (0.057%) Zeplin
8 10 (0.048%) InVision
9 6 (0.029%) Microsoft Project
10 3 (0.014%) Adobe XD
10 3 (0.014%) MS Visio
11 2 (0.010%) FileZilla
12 1 (0.005%) Adobe Premiere
12 1 (0.005%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 111 (0.53%) Payment Gateway
2 103 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
3 48 (0.23%) R3 Corda
4 34 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
5 30 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
6 26 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
7 25 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
8 22 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
8 22 (0.10%) Shopify
9 19 (0.090%) Sentinel
10 16 (0.076%) Magento
10 16 (0.076%) Summit
11 13 (0.062%) Temenos T24
12 12 (0.057%) SAP Hybris
13 9 (0.043%) Oracle EBS
14 8 (0.038%) ProductWriter
15 7 (0.033%) NetSuite
15 7 (0.033%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
16 5 (0.024%) Adobe Campaign
16 5 (0.024%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 11,046 (52.51%) AWS
2 8,199 (38.98%) Azure
3 4,625 (21.99%) GCP
4 3,422 (16.27%) Serverless
5 2,506 (11.91%) GitHub
6 1,680 (7.99%) AWS Lambda
7 1,596 (7.59%) SaaS
8 1,448 (6.88%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1,091 (5.19%) Amazon S3
10 972 (4.62%) PaaS
11 906 (4.31%) OpenShift
12 889 (4.23%) Amazon ECS
13 816 (3.88%) Cloud Computing
14 675 (3.21%) Amazon EC2
15 653 (3.10%) GitHub Actions
16 645 (3.07%) Amazon Kinesis
17 591 (2.81%) IaaS
18 545 (2.59%) Amazon EKS
19 544 (2.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 540 (2.57%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 537 (2.55%) Internet
2 480 (2.28%) HTTP
3 471 (2.24%) Firewall
4 335 (1.59%) DNS
5 214 (1.02%) TCP/IP
6 212 (1.01%) Broadband
7 194 (0.92%) VPN
8 168 (0.80%) Network Security
9 86 (0.41%) PPP
10 77 (0.37%) DHCP
11 65 (0.31%) SSL
12 61 (0.29%) LAN
13 58 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
14 54 (0.26%) AMQP
15 51 (0.24%) MQTT
16 44 (0.21%) FTP
16 44 (0.21%) HTTPS
17 39 (0.19%) WAN
18 38 (0.18%) SNA
18 38 (0.18%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,804 (13.33%) PostgreSQL
2 2,661 (12.65%) NoSQL
3 1,928 (9.17%) MySQL
4 1,892 (8.99%) SQL Server
5 1,556 (7.40%) Relational Database
6 1,419 (6.75%) MongoDB
7 1,210 (5.75%) Big Data
8 947 (4.50%) Redis
9 810 (3.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 693 (3.29%) Data Warehouse
11 610 (2.90%) Apache Cassandra
12 595 (2.83%) Data Lake
13 562 (2.67%) Amazon RDS
14 431 (2.05%) Hadoop
15 394 (1.87%) RDBMS
16 377 (1.79%) Amazon Aurora
17 376 (1.79%) BigQuery
18 375 (1.78%) Power BI
19 359 (1.71%) Amazon Redshift
20 347 (1.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 5,473 (26.02%) Git (software)
2 5,437 (25.85%) Jenkins
3 2,139 (10.17%) JIRA
4 1,588 (7.55%) GitLab
5 1,112 (5.29%) Selenium
6 839 (3.99%) TeamCity
7 807 (3.84%) CircleCI
8 802 (3.81%) Maven
9 747 (3.55%) Cypress.io
10 697 (3.31%) Cucumber
11 676 (3.21%) Octopus Deploy
12 611 (2.90%) JUnit
13 610 (2.90%) Bitbucket
14 568 (2.70%) webpack
15 558 (2.65%) Gradle
16 527 (2.51%) Postman
17 427 (2.03%) Subversion
18 362 (1.72%) Team Foundation Server
19 309 (1.47%) SpecFlow
20 294 (1.40%) Artifactory
General
1 5,484 (26.07%) Finance
2 4,412 (20.97%) Social Skills
3 1,640 (7.80%) Banking
4 1,489 (7.08%) Analytical Skills
5 1,440 (6.85%) Retail
6 1,415 (6.73%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 1,069 (5.08%) Games
8 820 (3.90%) Marketing
9 733 (3.48%) Public Sector
10 706 (3.36%) Manufacturing
11 509 (2.42%) Law
12 364 (1.73%) Legal
13 329 (1.56%) Organisational Skills
14 318 (1.51%) Front Office
15 291 (1.38%) Financial Institution
16 285 (1.35%) Telecoms
17 269 (1.28%) Advertising
18 249 (1.18%) Presentation Skills
19 241 (1.15%) Publishing
20 232 (1.10%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 5,983 (28.44%) Developer
2 3,692 (17.55%) Software Engineer
3 3,378 (16.06%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,898 (9.02%) Senior Developer
5 1,362 (6.47%) Senior Software Engineer
6 1,034 (4.92%) Senior DevOps
7 1,018 (4.84%) Java Developer
8 1,011 (4.81%) Data Engineer
9 1,001 (4.76%) Full Stack Developer
10 974 (4.63%) Architect
11 967 (4.60%) Cloud Engineer
12 946 (4.50%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 795 (3.78%) Java Engineer
14 681 (3.24%) .NET Developer
14 681 (3.24%) Software Developer
15 680 (3.23%) AWS Engineer
16 583 (2.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 521 (2.48%) Principal Engineer
18 513 (2.44%) Lead Developer
19 485 (2.31%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,510 (26.19%) React
2 3,830 (18.21%) Node.js
3 3,618 (17.20%) .NET
4 2,597 (12.35%) CSS
5 2,513 (11.95%) REST
6 2,354 (11.19%) HTML
7 2,328 (11.07%) Kafka
8 2,250 (10.70%) AngularJS
9 2,149 (10.22%) RESTful
10 1,987 (9.45%) Spring
11 1,439 (6.84%) Spring Boot
12 1,426 (6.78%) .NET Core
13 1,358 (6.46%) Vue.js
14 1,317 (6.26%) GraphQL
15 1,063 (5.05%) ASP.NET
16 1,037 (4.93%) Web Services
17 954 (4.54%) HTML5
18 937 (4.45%) Jest
19 730 (3.47%) React Native
20 715 (3.40%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 1,948 (9.26%) Cloud Native
2 1,879 (8.93%) User Experience
3 1,167 (5.55%) Public Cloud
4 1,164 (5.53%) Algorithms
5 1,132 (5.38%) Self-Motivation
6 969 (4.61%) Mobile App
7 952 (4.53%) Greenfield Project
8 938 (4.46%) Data Structures
9 588 (2.80%) Enterprise Software
10 543 (2.58%) Linux Command Line
11 525 (2.50%) Life Science
12 462 (2.20%) Virtual Team
13 364 (1.73%) Blog
14 361 (1.72%) Blockchain
15 313 (1.49%) Data Centre
16 289 (1.37%) Social Media
17 281 (1.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 273 (1.30%) Private Cloud
19 271 (1.29%) Hedge funds
20 259 (1.23%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 3,517 (16.72%) Linux
2 1,530 (7.27%) Windows
3 958 (4.55%) Unix
4 761 (3.62%) Android
5 644 (3.06%) Apple iOS
6 334 (1.59%) Windows Server
7 141 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 135 (0.64%) CentOS
9 133 (0.63%) Mesosphere
10 120 (0.57%) VMS
11 103 (0.49%) Ubuntu
12 42 (0.20%) Mac OS
13 34 (0.16%) Kali Linux
14 31 (0.15%) AIX
15 25 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
16 21 (0.100%) Mac OS X
17 19 (0.090%) Debian
17 19 (0.090%) Oracle Linux
17 19 (0.090%) Windows Server 2019
18 18 (0.086%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,489 (59.37%) Agile
2 10,560 (50.20%) DevOps
3 6,783 (32.24%) Software Engineering
4 5,519 (26.24%) Microservices
5 5,147 (24.47%) Test Automation
6 4,936 (23.46%) TDD
7 3,964 (18.84%) Scrum
8 3,826 (18.19%) Continuous Integration
9 3,810 (18.11%) Infrastructure as Code
10 3,783 (17.98%) Full Stack Development
11 3,193 (15.18%) Mentoring
12 3,003 (14.28%) Problem-Solving
13 2,596 (12.34%) Continuous Delivery
14 2,558 (12.16%) BDD
15 2,309 (10.98%) SDLC
16 2,284 (10.86%) Analytics
17 2,068 (9.83%) Computer Science
18 2,010 (9.56%) Coaching
19 1,811 (8.61%) Fintech
20 1,693 (8.05%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 8,119 (38.60%) Python
2 6,872 (32.67%) Java
3 6,451 (30.67%) JavaScript
4 4,959 (23.57%) SQL
5 4,030 (19.16%) C#
6 3,471 (16.50%) TypeScript
7 1,812 (8.61%) Go
8 1,789 (8.50%) Bash
9 1,664 (7.91%) PowerShell
10 1,337 (6.36%) Ruby
11 1,174 (5.58%) PHP
12 1,020 (4.85%) Scala
13 963 (4.58%) Kotlin
14 814 (3.87%) C++
15 637 (3.03%) Shell Script
16 634 (3.01%) C
17 525 (2.50%) Groovy
18 519 (2.47%) ES6
19 429 (2.04%) Perl
20 378 (1.80%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 2,485 (11.81%) Degree
2 1,184 (5.63%) Computer Science Degree
3 492 (2.34%) Security Cleared
4 356 (1.69%) SC Cleared
5 244 (1.16%) AWS Certification
6 239 (1.14%) Master's Degree
7 159 (0.76%) ISTQB
8 132 (0.63%) PMI Certification
9 122 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
10 114 (0.54%) ISEB
11 57 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
12 55 (0.26%) DV Cleared
13 54 (0.26%) CISSP
14 53 (0.25%) OCP
14 53 (0.25%) PhD
15 44 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
16 36 (0.17%) OSCP
17 31 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
18 29 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
19 25 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,515 (11.96%) QA
2 491 (2.33%) Accessibility
3 269 (1.28%) Data Quality
4 187 (0.89%) GDPR
5 134 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 129 (0.61%) PCI DSS
7 61 (0.29%) SLA
8 57 (0.27%) SOC 2
9 50 (0.24%) NIST
10 48 (0.23%) HIPAA
11 30 (0.14%) GRC
12 29 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
13 22 (0.10%) ISO 9001
13 22 (0.10%) WCAG
14 20 (0.095%) HL7
14 20 (0.095%) ISO 13485
15 16 (0.076%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 14 (0.067%) NCSC
16 14 (0.067%) SEPA
16 14 (0.067%) SOC 1
System Software
1 7,902 (37.56%) Docker
2 259 (1.23%) Active Directory
3 256 (1.22%) Virtual Machines
4 254 (1.21%) VMware Infrastructure
5 119 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 81 (0.39%) Hyper-V
7 57 (0.27%) KVM
8 49 (0.23%) Apache Flume
9 31 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
9 31 (0.15%) vSphere
10 25 (0.12%) ISA Server
11 23 (0.11%) NFS
11 23 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
12 21 (0.100%) LXC
13 20 (0.095%) HDFS
13 20 (0.095%) zsh
14 18 (0.086%) VMware ESXi
15 17 (0.081%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 17 (0.081%) Xen
16 15 (0.071%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 7,376 (35.06%) Kubernetes
2 5,477 (26.04%) Terraform
3 2,920 (13.88%) Ansible
4 1,176 (5.59%) Puppet
5 1,044 (4.96%) Opscode Chef
6 752 (3.57%) Prometheus
7 635 (3.02%) Grafana
8 287 (1.36%) Kibana
9 270 (1.28%) Istio
10 260 (1.24%) Docker Swarm
11 181 (0.86%) Consul
12 174 (0.83%) logstash
13 168 (0.80%) Rancher
14 137 (0.65%) ZABBIX
15 133 (0.63%) Automic
16 131 (0.62%) Packer
17 96 (0.46%) HAProxy
18 83 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
19 68 (0.32%) Nagios
20 62 (0.29%) Graylog
Vendors
1 2,344 (11.14%) Microsoft
2 2,067 (9.83%) Google
3 804 (3.82%) Oracle
4 594 (2.82%) Splunk
5 366 (1.74%) Databricks
6 362 (1.72%) VMware
7 338 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
8 225 (1.07%) Red Hat
9 214 (1.02%) New Relic
10 197 (0.94%) Atlassian
11 163 (0.77%) IBM
12 139 (0.66%) SAP
13 134 (0.64%) ServiceNow
14 125 (0.59%) Apple
15 123 (0.58%) Dell
16 119 (0.57%) Cisco
17 118 (0.56%) AppDynamics
18 117 (0.56%) Dynatrace
19 112 (0.53%) MuleSoft
20 111 (0.53%) Spotify