CI/CD
UK

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 24 May 2024 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

6 months to
24 May 2024
Same period 2023 Same period 2022
Rank 31 26 18
Rank change year-on-year -5 -8 +3
Permanent jobs citing CI/CD 6,109 8,243 20,697
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 6.03% 8.41% 12.61%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.13% 8.79% 13.16%
Number of salaries quoted 3,250 5,224 8,159
10th Percentile £45,000 £47,500 £46,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £75,000 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year -6.67% +3.45% +11.54%
75th Percentile £87,500 £92,500 £90,000
90th Percentile £103,750 £110,000 £105,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £62,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year -3.85% +4.00% +8.70%

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85,719 93,735 157,244
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 84.61% 95.58% 95.84%
Number of salaries quoted 60,185 55,235 82,763
10th Percentile £29,250 £34,000 £33,500
25th Percentile £40,000 £45,000 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £61,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year -9.84% +1.67% +9.09%
75th Percentile £72,500 £81,250 £80,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £100,000 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year -9.09% +4.76% +9.38%

CI/CD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CI/CD in the UK

CI/CD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CI/CD.

Salary trend for CI/CD in the UK

CI/CD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing CI/CD over the 6 months to 24 May 2024.

Salary histogram for CI/CD in the UK

CI/CD
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CI/CD within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2024. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
UK excluding London +12 4,392 £62,500 -3.85% 1,042
England -27 3,676 £70,000 -6.67% 1,483
Scotland +32 2,118 £65,000 -3.89% 69
Work from Home -15 1,966 £67,500 -10.00% 885
London -16 1,425 £85,000 +5.59% 803
North of England -16 670 £62,500 -7.41% 250
South East -38 619 £64,000 -5.19% 407
South West -1 447 £65,000 - 107
North West -13 384 £62,500 -10.00% 151
Midlands -16 346 £62,500 -3.85% 101
West Midlands -7 242 £65,000 - 69
Yorkshire -23 208 £60,000 -7.69% 68
East Midlands -34 103 £60,000 -5.88% 29
East of England -55 96 £61,250 -12.50% 85
Wales +2 83 £55,000 - 22
North East +3 78 £63,000 +9.57% 33
Northern Ireland -41 12 £58,800 +20.62% 19
Isle of Man - 3 - -
Channel Islands - 2 £115,000 -

CI/CD
Co-occurring Skills and Capabilities by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same employment type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 621 (10.17%) Apache Spark
2 258 (4.22%) Apache
3 193 (3.16%) Apache Airflow
4 98 (1.60%) FileNet
5 95 (1.56%) Confluence
6 58 (0.95%) nginx
7 55 (0.90%) SharePoint
8 50 (0.82%) IIS
9 42 (0.69%) CMS
10 38 (0.62%) OpenStack
11 25 (0.41%) Microsoft Exchange
12 22 (0.36%) Cloud Foundry
13 21 (0.34%) GemFire
14 20 (0.33%) Camunda
15 17 (0.28%) Jupyter
16 16 (0.26%) WordPress
17 14 (0.23%) Umbraco
18 11 (0.18%) CICS
19 9 (0.15%) Tomcat
20 8 (0.13%) JBoss
Applications
1 22 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.098%) Photoshop
4 5 (0.082%) Adobe XD
4 5 (0.082%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.049%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.049%) Simulink
5 3 (0.049%) Sketch
5 3 (0.049%) S-PLUS
6 2 (0.033%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.016%) AutoCAD
7 1 (0.016%) Blender
7 1 (0.016%) Notion
7 1 (0.016%) PTC Creo
7 1 (0.016%) SOLIDWORKS
7 1 (0.016%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 65 (1.06%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.31%) Salesforce CRM
3 9 (0.15%) Shopify
4 8 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
5 7 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.065%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.065%) NetSuite
6 4 (0.065%) Oracle Applications
6 4 (0.065%) Visualfiles
7 3 (0.049%) Magento
8 2 (0.033%) Adaptiv
8 2 (0.033%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 2,872 (47.01%) AWS
2 2,155 (35.28%) Azure
3 885 (14.49%) Azure DevOps
4 601 (9.84%) GCP
5 523 (8.56%) Serverless
6 409 (6.70%) GitHub
7 318 (5.21%) Amazon S3
8 293 (4.80%) AWS Lambda
9 285 (4.67%) SaaS
10 236 (3.86%) Power Platform
11 216 (3.54%) Amazon EC2
12 214 (3.50%) Amazon ECS
13 199 (3.26%) Amazon EKS
14 187 (3.06%) AWS CloudFormation
15 184 (3.01%) Cloud Computing
16 173 (2.83%) GitHub Actions
17 169 (2.77%) PaaS
18 153 (2.50%) Datadog
19 148 (2.42%) Dynamics 365
20 136 (2.23%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 147 (2.41%) Firewall
2 109 (1.78%) DNS
3 76 (1.24%) WAN
4 65 (1.06%) Kerberos
5 59 (0.97%) VPN
6 51 (0.83%) Network Security
7 47 (0.77%) HTTP
8 37 (0.61%) SD-WAN
9 33 (0.54%) TCP/IP
10 26 (0.43%) DHCP
11 21 (0.34%) Internet
12 18 (0.29%) DSL
13 17 (0.28%) LAN
13 17 (0.28%) SSL
14 16 (0.26%) BGP
15 15 (0.25%) MQTT
16 12 (0.20%) PBX
17 11 (0.18%) Ethernet VPN
17 11 (0.18%) MPLS
18 9 (0.15%) NGFW
Database & Business Intelligence
1 884 (14.47%) NoSQL
2 548 (8.97%) Big Data
3 418 (6.84%) SQL Server
4 292 (4.78%) Hadoop
5 263 (4.31%) Relational Database
6 259 (4.24%) Data Warehouse
7 251 (4.11%) PostgreSQL
8 233 (3.81%) Elasticsearch
9 193 (3.16%) MongoDB
10 192 (3.14%) Amazon RDS
11 188 (3.08%) MySQL
12 182 (2.98%) Data Lake
13 170 (2.78%) Apache Cassandra
14 157 (2.57%) Apache Hive
15 133 (2.18%) BigQuery
16 120 (1.96%) Power BI
17 119 (1.95%) DynamoDB
18 113 (1.85%) Looker
19 108 (1.77%) Metadata
20 102 (1.67%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,019 (16.68%) Jenkins
2 870 (14.24%) Git
3 438 (7.17%) GitLab
4 319 (5.22%) JIRA
5 293 (4.80%) JUnit
6 208 (3.40%) Selenium
7 150 (2.46%) Cucumber
8 148 (2.42%) Bitbucket
9 143 (2.34%) Cypress.io
10 134 (2.19%) Postman
11 125 (2.05%) CircleCI
12 121 (1.98%) Artifactory
13 106 (1.74%) Jasmine
14 95 (1.56%) TeamCity
15 90 (1.47%) Bitbucket Server
16 82 (1.34%) WebDriver
17 80 (1.31%) Visual Studio
18 74 (1.21%) Maven
19 65 (1.06%) JMeter
20 63 (1.03%) Protractor
General
1 2,727 (44.64%) Finance
2 2,196 (35.95%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 2,094 (34.28%) Law
4 1,108 (18.14%) Social Skills
5 1,035 (16.94%) Marketing
6 746 (12.21%) Legal
7 584 (9.56%) Banking
8 335 (5.48%) Analytical Skills
9 308 (5.04%) Investment Banking
10 279 (4.57%) Public Sector
11 265 (4.34%) Financial Institution
12 172 (2.82%) Influencing Skills
13 150 (2.46%) Retail
14 77 (1.26%) Presentation Skills
15 74 (1.21%) Aerospace
15 74 (1.21%) Billing
16 64 (1.05%) Private Banking
17 61 (1.00%) Retail Banking
18 58 (0.95%) Front Office
19 50 (0.82%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 2,122 (34.74%) Software Engineer
2 1,183 (19.36%) Developer
3 1,127 (18.45%) Lead
4 1,009 (16.52%) Senior
5 715 (11.70%) Java Engineer
6 697 (11.41%) Java Software Engineer
7 678 (11.10%) DevOps Engineer
8 598 (9.79%) Lead Software Engineer
9 498 (8.15%) AWS Engineer
10 489 (8.00%) Data Engineer
11 388 (6.35%) Python Engineer
12 368 (6.02%) Senior Developer
13 356 (5.83%) Big Data Engineer
14 351 (5.75%) Python Software Engineer
15 339 (5.55%) Big Data Software Engineer
16 326 (5.34%) Cloud Engineer
17 324 (5.30%) Full Stack Engineer
18 310 (5.07%) AWS Software Engineer
19 284 (4.65%) Full Stack Software Engineer
20 280 (4.58%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 921 (15.08%) React
2 799 (13.08%) Spring
3 774 (12.67%) .NET
4 557 (9.12%) AngularJS
5 530 (8.68%) Kafka
6 501 (8.20%) HTML
7 490 (8.02%) Node.js
8 460 (7.53%) CSS
9 445 (7.28%) Spring Boot
10 427 (6.99%) REST
11 408 (6.68%) RESTful
12 366 (5.99%) JSON
13 292 (4.78%) Web Services
14 289 (4.73%) J2EE
15 236 (3.86%) GraphQL
16 210 (3.44%) .NET Core
16 210 (3.44%) PySpark
17 207 (3.39%) .NET Framework
17 207 (3.39%) Hibernate
18 194 (3.18%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 922 (15.09%) Cloud Native
2 849 (13.90%) Algorithms
3 359 (5.88%) Public Cloud
4 353 (5.78%) Product Ownership
5 242 (3.96%) Management Information System
6 226 (3.70%) Onboarding
7 216 (3.54%) Distributed Systems
8 194 (3.18%) Data Structures
9 128 (2.10%) Greenfield Project
10 124 (2.03%) Self-Motivation
11 109 (1.78%) Hybrid Cloud
12 105 (1.72%) Mobile App
13 87 (1.42%) Market Risk
14 86 (1.41%) Private Cloud
15 83 (1.36%) Enterprise Software
16 82 (1.34%) Enterprise Cloud
17 76 (1.24%) Reference Data
18 70 (1.15%) IoT
19 68 (1.11%) Blockchain
20 58 (0.95%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 700 (11.46%) Linux
2 271 (4.44%) Windows
3 189 (3.09%) Unix
4 89 (1.46%) Android
5 75 (1.23%) Windows Server
6 57 (0.93%) CentOS
7 54 (0.88%) Apple iOS
8 47 (0.77%) Debian
9 42 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 40 (0.65%) Alpine Linux
11 20 (0.33%) VMS
12 17 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
12 17 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
13 13 (0.21%) Mac OS
14 11 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
14 11 (0.18%) Solaris
14 11 (0.18%) Ubuntu
15 8 (0.13%) Windows 10
16 5 (0.082%) Windows Server 2012
17 3 (0.049%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,855 (63.10%) Agile
2 2,981 (48.80%) Software Engineering
3 2,536 (41.51%) DevOps
4 2,193 (35.90%) SDLC
5 1,610 (26.35%) Operational Stability
6 1,504 (24.62%) Artificial Intelligence
7 1,466 (24.00%) Machine Learning
8 1,321 (21.62%) Community of Practice
9 1,124 (18.40%) Continuous Improvement
10 1,058 (17.32%) Microservices
11 1,006 (16.47%) Problem-Solving
12 894 (14.63%) Infrastructure as Code
13 880 (14.40%) Visualisation
14 864 (14.14%) Test Automation
15 827 (13.54%) Continuous Delivery
16 794 (13.00%) TDD
17 775 (12.69%) Full Stack Development
18 727 (11.90%) Risk Management
19 726 (11.88%) Continuous Integration
20 681 (11.15%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 2,238 (36.63%) Java
2 1,920 (31.43%) Python
3 1,697 (27.78%) SQL
4 984 (16.11%) JavaScript
5 894 (14.63%) C#
6 571 (9.35%) TypeScript
7 375 (6.14%) Scala
8 341 (5.58%) PowerShell
9 328 (5.37%) Go
10 292 (4.78%) Bash
11 155 (2.54%) PL/SQL
12 144 (2.36%) Kotlin
13 118 (1.93%) PHP
14 100 (1.64%) Ruby
15 94 (1.54%) Shell Script
16 93 (1.52%) C++
17 91 (1.49%) Bicep
18 85 (1.39%) C
19 65 (1.06%) Prolog
19 65 (1.06%) SPARQL
Qualifications
1 534 (8.74%) Degree
2 506 (8.28%) Security Cleared
3 304 (4.98%) Computer Science Degree
4 303 (4.96%) SC Cleared
5 190 (3.11%) Azure Certification
6 177 (2.90%) AWS Certification
7 127 (2.08%) Master's Degree
8 118 (1.93%) DV Cleared
9 114 (1.87%) Microsoft Certification
10 71 (1.16%) DBS Check
11 50 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
11 50 (0.82%) Cisco Certification
12 48 (0.79%) CISSP
13 43 (0.70%) MCSE
14 42 (0.69%) MCSA
15 35 (0.57%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
16 31 (0.51%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 31 (0.51%) CCSK
16 31 (0.51%) CCSP
17 28 (0.46%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 419 (6.86%) QA
2 159 (2.60%) Accessibility
3 91 (1.49%) Data Quality
4 76 (1.24%) SLA
5 55 (0.90%) GDPR
6 37 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 33 (0.54%) NIST
8 21 (0.34%) PCI DSS
9 20 (0.33%) PMO
10 12 (0.20%) HIPAA
11 11 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
11 11 (0.18%) PSD2
12 10 (0.16%) WCAG
13 7 (0.11%) ISO 13485
14 6 (0.098%) NCSC
15 5 (0.082%) GRC
15 5 (0.082%) ISO 9001
16 3 (0.049%) SOC 2
16 3 (0.049%) Software Quality Assurance
17 2 (0.033%) EMIR
System Software
1 1,272 (20.82%) Docker
2 163 (2.67%) Active Directory
3 117 (1.92%) HDFS
4 107 (1.75%) Virtual Machines
5 50 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
6 38 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
7 35 (0.57%) Virtual Desktop
8 22 (0.36%) Hyper-V
9 21 (0.34%) VMware NSX
10 14 (0.23%) vSphere
11 11 (0.18%) Firmware
11 11 (0.18%) Time Sharing Option
12 9 (0.15%) Ceph
13 7 (0.11%) KVM
14 5 (0.082%) Virtual Servers
15 3 (0.049%) Varnish
15 3 (0.049%) VirtualBox
15 3 (0.049%) Xen
16 2 (0.033%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 1 (0.016%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 1,592 (26.06%) Kubernetes
2 1,371 (22.44%) Terraform
3 447 (7.32%) Ansible
4 290 (4.75%) Grafana
5 172 (2.82%) Prometheus
6 113 (1.85%) Puppet
7 69 (1.13%) Progress Chef
8 62 (1.01%) Kibana
9 48 (0.79%) HAProxy
10 44 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
11 34 (0.56%) Istio
12 31 (0.51%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 29 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
14 25 (0.41%) Packer
15 23 (0.38%) SCCM
16 21 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
16 21 (0.34%) Nagios
16 21 (0.34%) Zipkin
17 20 (0.33%) ZABBIX
18 19 (0.31%) Consul
Vendors
1 760 (12.44%) Microsoft
2 416 (6.81%) Oracle
3 390 (6.38%) Databricks
4 299 (4.89%) Google
5 234 (3.83%) Splunk
6 195 (3.19%) Dynatrace
7 99 (1.62%) Red Hat
8 96 (1.57%) VMware
9 90 (1.47%) Informatica
10 83 (1.36%) Cloudera
11 76 (1.24%) Atlassian
12 74 (1.21%) IBM
13 60 (0.98%) Alteryx
14 58 (0.95%) Salesforce
15 54 (0.88%) ServiceNow
16 32 (0.52%) Cisco
17 31 (0.51%) Sybase
18 28 (0.46%) Xamarin
19 23 (0.38%) CyberArk
19 23 (0.38%) Facebook