Period
to 2 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 2 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
2 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 20 17 18
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 -5
Permanent jobs citing HTML 10,772 7,220 15,714
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.52% 10.63% 10.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.16% 26.00% 28.98%
Number of salaries quoted 7,357 6,140 13,334
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,000
25th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65,000 £63,750 £61,250
90th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 46,508 27,770 54,226
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.10% 40.90% 37.59%
Number of salaries quoted 30,783 23,137 45,118
10th Percentile £35,750 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +6.67% -

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Salary trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 2 August 2021.

Salary histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 2 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 9,620 £50,000 - 2,310
UK excluding London -8 5,884 £45,000 - 1,665
London +4 4,094 £65,000 +3.17% 768
Work from Home -3 2,561 £50,000 - 562
South East -7 1,980 £47,500 - 356
North of England -10 1,142 £45,000 - 527
Midlands -4 965 £42,500 -5.56% 313
South West -4 961 £45,000 +12.50% 194
West Midlands -1 630 £45,000 -5.26% 191
Yorkshire -3 544 £45,000 +12.50% 174
North West -14 515 £45,000 - 296
Scotland -7 368 £48,500 +7.78% 82
East Midlands -5 328 £40,000 -5.88% 121
East of England -14 279 £50,000 +11.11% 140
Wales -5 121 £40,000 +6.67% 37
North East -21 85 £37,500 -10.71% 57
Northern Ireland -5 70 £35,000 -31.37% 16
Isle of Man -7 9 - -

For the 6 months to 2 August 2021, IT jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 9,218 (85.57%) CSS
2 8,910 (82.71%) JavaScript
3 4,396 (40.81%) React
4 4,338 (40.27%) Agile Software Development
5 3,304 (30.67%) HTML5
6 3,223 (29.92%) C#
7 3,151 (29.25%) AngularJS
8 3,033 (28.16%) .NET
9 2,776 (25.77%) SQL
10 2,718 (25.23%) Git (software)
11 2,678 (24.86%) Front End Development
12 2,510 (23.30%) Full Stack Development
13 2,370 (22.00%) User Experience
14 2,150 (19.96%) Node.js
15 2,141 (19.88%) TypeScript
16 2,116 (19.64%) PHP
17 2,015 (18.71%) Social Skills
18 1,977 (18.35%) Azure
19 1,963 (18.22%) Web Development
20 1,903 (17.67%) CSS3
21 1,833 (17.02%) MVC
22 1,831 (17.00%) SQL Server
23 1,754 (16.28%) Java
24 1,738 (16.13%) Software Engineering
25 1,725 (16.01%) jQuery
26 1,582 (14.69%) AWS
27 1,574 (14.61%) MySQL
28 1,562 (14.50%) REST
29 1,528 (14.18%) Finance
30 1,507 (13.99%) Vue.js

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 882 (8.19%) CMS
2 567 (5.26%) WordPress
3 288 (2.67%) Confluence
4 267 (2.48%) Apache
5 248 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
6 233 (2.16%) IIS
7 207 (1.92%) SharePoint
8 155 (1.44%) nginx
9 150 (1.39%) Umbraco
10 138 (1.28%) Drupal
11 134 (1.24%) Tomcat
12 102 (0.95%) Apache Solr
13 99 (0.92%) EPiServer
14 92 (0.85%) Headless CMS
15 85 (0.79%) Kentico
16 73 (0.68%) Apache Spark
17 72 (0.67%) Sitecore CMS
18 35 (0.32%) JBoss
19 32 (0.30%) IBM Domino
20 27 (0.25%) SAS
Applications
1 232 (2.15%) Photoshop
2 225 (2.09%) Sketch
3 161 (1.49%) Figma
4 158 (1.47%) Microsoft Office
5 143 (1.33%) Adobe Illustrator
6 111 (1.03%) InVision
7 98 (0.91%) Adobe XD
8 92 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
9 91 (0.84%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 35 (0.32%) MS Visio
11 33 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 32 (0.30%) GIMP
13 31 (0.29%) InDesign
14 28 (0.26%) Adobe After Effects
15 27 (0.25%) Chatbot
16 20 (0.19%) Campfire
16 20 (0.19%) UXPin
17 14 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
17 14 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
17 14 (0.13%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 235 (2.18%) Magento
2 159 (1.48%) Shopify
3 74 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
4 67 (0.62%) Payment Gateway
5 27 (0.25%) Adobe Campaign
5 27 (0.25%) NetSuite
5 27 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
5 27 (0.25%) WebTrends
6 21 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
7 14 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
8 9 (0.084%) Dynamics AX
9 8 (0.074%) OpenCart
9 8 (0.074%) SDL Web 8
10 7 (0.065%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 7 (0.065%) SAP Hybris
11 6 (0.056%) Eloqua
12 5 (0.046%) Dynamics NAV
12 5 (0.046%) SAP GTS
13 4 (0.037%) SAP ERP
13 4 (0.037%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,977 (18.35%) Azure
2 1,582 (14.69%) AWS
3 808 (7.50%) SaaS
4 463 (4.30%) GitHub
5 432 (4.01%) npm
6 373 (3.46%) Serverless
7 353 (3.28%) GCP
8 244 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
9 237 (2.20%) Power Platform
10 177 (1.64%) Amazon S3
11 155 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
12 150 (1.39%) Google Analytics
13 148 (1.37%) Microsoft 365
14 127 (1.18%) Yarn
15 121 (1.12%) PowerApps
16 115 (1.07%) Dynamics 365
17 99 (0.92%) PaaS
18 94 (0.87%) Power Automate
19 91 (0.84%) Adobe Creative Cloud
20 82 (0.76%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 288 (2.67%) HTTP
2 228 (2.12%) Internet
3 112 (1.04%) Broadband
4 95 (0.88%) DNS
5 89 (0.83%) TCP/IP
6 84 (0.78%) SSL
7 60 (0.56%) Wireless
8 50 (0.46%) Bluetooth
9 47 (0.44%) Intranet
10 44 (0.41%) VPN
11 41 (0.38%) Firewall
12 39 (0.36%) MQTT
13 37 (0.34%) Ethernet
14 35 (0.32%) SMS
15 33 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
16 25 (0.23%) SSH
17 21 (0.19%) FTP
18 19 (0.18%) SMTP
19 18 (0.17%) Extranet
19 18 (0.17%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,831 (17.00%) SQL Server
2 1,574 (14.61%) MySQL
3 659 (6.12%) NoSQL
4 542 (5.03%) Relational Database
5 510 (4.73%) MongoDB
6 473 (4.39%) PostgreSQL
7 282 (2.62%) Redis
8 176 (1.63%) Power BI
9 144 (1.34%) Big Data
10 121 (1.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 114 (1.06%) Oracle Database
12 107 (0.99%) Amazon RDS
12 107 (0.99%) MariaDB
13 106 (0.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 105 (0.97%) RDBMS
15 96 (0.89%) Azure SQL Database
16 81 (0.75%) Data Warehouse
17 76 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 66 (0.61%) Hadoop
19 54 (0.50%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 2,718 (25.23%) Git (software)
2 764 (7.09%) webpack
3 747 (6.93%) JIRA
4 494 (4.59%) Jenkins
5 415 (3.85%) Visual Studio
6 403 (3.74%) gulp
7 249 (2.31%) Bitbucket
8 241 (2.24%) Selenium
9 210 (1.95%) Cypress.io
10 205 (1.90%) Maven
11 193 (1.79%) Jasmine
12 190 (1.76%) Grunt
13 168 (1.56%) Mocha
14 167 (1.55%) Subversion
15 148 (1.37%) GitLab
16 147 (1.36%) Babel
17 144 (1.34%) NUnit
18 135 (1.25%) Team Foundation Server
19 123 (1.14%) Cucumber
20 122 (1.13%) TeamCity
General
1 2,015 (18.71%) Social Skills
2 1,528 (14.18%) Finance
3 947 (8.79%) Marketing
4 644 (5.98%) Retail
5 618 (5.74%) Analytical Skills
6 370 (3.43%) Games
7 359 (3.33%) Banking
8 252 (2.34%) Public Sector
9 219 (2.03%) Manufacturing
10 172 (1.60%) Organisational Skills
11 171 (1.59%) Advertising
12 168 (1.56%) Legal
13 166 (1.54%) Publishing
14 165 (1.53%) Law
15 145 (1.35%) Telecoms
16 101 (0.94%) Automotive
17 81 (0.75%) Inclusion and Diversity
18 77 (0.71%) Presentation Skills
19 74 (0.69%) Electronics
20 62 (0.58%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 7,631 (70.84%) Developer
2 1,806 (16.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1,615 (14.99%) Senior Developer
4 1,153 (10.70%) Full Stack Developer
5 1,064 (9.88%) .NET Developer
6 904 (8.39%) Software Developer
7 867 (8.05%) PHP Developer
8 751 (6.97%) React Developer
9 745 (6.92%) Software Engineer
10 669 (6.21%) C# Developer
11 659 (6.12%) Web Developer
12 507 (4.71%) JavaScript Developer
13 477 (4.43%) Java Developer
14 440 (4.08%) C# .NET Developer
15 432 (4.01%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 384 (3.56%) Angular Developer
17 323 (3.00%) Lead Developer
18 295 (2.74%) Junior
19 290 (2.69%) Designer
20 250 (2.32%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9,218 (85.57%) CSS
2 4,396 (40.81%) React
3 3,304 (30.67%) HTML5
4 3,151 (29.25%) AngularJS
5 3,033 (28.16%) .NET
6 2,150 (19.96%) Node.js
7 1,903 (17.67%) CSS3
8 1,725 (16.01%) jQuery
9 1,562 (14.50%) REST
10 1,507 (13.99%) Vue.js
11 1,374 (12.76%) ASP.NET
12 1,372 (12.74%) Sass
13 1,203 (11.17%) RESTful
14 1,192 (11.07%) Web Services
15 1,168 (10.84%) .NET Core
16 934 (8.67%) .NET Framework
17 822 (7.63%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 821 (7.62%) Redux
19 806 (7.48%) JSON
20 770 (7.15%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 2,370 (22.00%) User Experience
2 679 (6.30%) Mobile App
3 560 (5.20%) Greenfield Project
4 461 (4.28%) Self-Motivation
5 228 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
6 207 (1.92%) Data Structures
7 194 (1.80%) Virtual Team
8 161 (1.49%) Legacy Systems
9 151 (1.40%) Algorithms
10 134 (1.24%) Social Media
11 107 (0.99%) Blog
12 100 (0.93%) Legacy Code
12 100 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
13 99 (0.92%) NHS
14 88 (0.82%) Cloud Native
15 85 (0.79%) Client/Server
16 83 (0.77%) Management Information System
17 73 (0.68%) Video\Live Streaming
18 70 (0.65%) Animation
19 64 (0.59%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 944 (8.76%) Linux
2 600 (5.57%) Windows
3 375 (3.48%) Android
4 367 (3.41%) Apple iOS
5 122 (1.13%) Windows Server
6 112 (1.04%) Unix
7 71 (0.66%) Ubuntu
8 52 (0.48%) CentOS
9 48 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 26 (0.24%) Windows 10
11 20 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
12 15 (0.14%) Debian
13 14 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
14 12 (0.11%) VMS
14 12 (0.11%) Windows 7
15 11 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
16 7 (0.065%) tvOS
17 6 (0.056%) SUSE
17 6 (0.056%) Windows 8
17 6 (0.056%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,338 (40.27%) Agile Software Development
2 2,678 (24.86%) Front End Development
3 2,510 (23.30%) Full Stack Development
4 1,963 (18.22%) Web Development
5 1,833 (17.02%) MVC
6 1,738 (16.13%) Software Engineering
7 1,385 (12.86%) Scrum
8 1,351 (12.54%) Problem-Solving
9 1,347 (12.50%) TDD
10 1,317 (12.23%) DevOps
11 1,132 (10.51%) E-Commerce
12 1,119 (10.39%) OO
13 1,112 (10.32%) Microservices
14 1,071 (9.94%) Unit Testing
15 947 (8.79%) Test Automation
16 844 (7.84%) Computer Science
17 825 (7.66%) Continuous Integration
18 809 (7.51%) OOP
19 786 (7.30%) Mentoring
20 670 (6.22%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 8,910 (82.71%) JavaScript
2 3,223 (29.92%) C#
3 2,776 (25.77%) SQL
4 2,141 (19.88%) TypeScript
5 2,116 (19.64%) PHP
6 1,754 (16.28%) Java
7 1,154 (10.71%) Python
8 815 (7.57%) ES6
9 446 (4.14%) T-SQL
10 250 (2.32%) Java 8
11 231 (2.14%) C++
12 207 (1.92%) Ruby
13 190 (1.76%) C
14 164 (1.52%) VB.NET
15 148 (1.37%) Go
16 142 (1.32%) Scala
17 141 (1.31%) Bash Shell
17 141 (1.31%) Kotlin
18 129 (1.20%) ES7
19 128 (1.19%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,147 (10.65%) Degree
2 425 (3.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 145 (1.35%) Security Cleared
4 121 (1.12%) SC Cleared
5 101 (0.94%) Master's Degree
6 98 (0.91%) Microsoft Certification
7 77 (0.71%) OCA
7 77 (0.71%) OCP
7 77 (0.71%) Oracle Certification
8 76 (0.71%) CIW
9 44 (0.41%) AWS Certification
10 35 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
11 33 (0.31%) DV Cleared
12 29 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
13 25 (0.23%) SANS
14 20 (0.19%) HND
14 20 (0.19%) PhD
15 16 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 14 (0.13%) ISTQB
17 10 (0.093%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 691 (6.41%) Accessibility
2 563 (5.23%) QA
3 117 (1.09%) WCAG
4 65 (0.60%) GDPR
5 48 (0.45%) PCI DSS
6 26 (0.24%) PMO
7 19 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 16 (0.15%) Data Quality
9 13 (0.12%) SLA
9 13 (0.12%) WAI
10 12 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
11 11 (0.10%) GRC
12 3 (0.028%) ISO 13485
12 3 (0.028%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.019%) Good Clinical Practice
14 1 (0.009%) GMP
14 1 (0.009%) GxP
14 1 (0.009%) NCSC
14 1 (0.009%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,233 (11.45%) Docker
2 54 (0.50%) Active Directory
3 36 (0.33%) Firmware
4 31 (0.29%) VMware Infrastructure
5 18 (0.17%) Hyper-V
6 16 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 11 (0.10%) Varnish
8 7 (0.065%) Ceph
9 6 (0.056%) HDFS
9 6 (0.056%) LXC
9 6 (0.056%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.037%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.028%) ISA Server
11 3 (0.028%) Kamailio
11 3 (0.028%) OpenSIPS
11 3 (0.028%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.019%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (0.019%) vSphere
13 1 (0.009%) BitLocker
13 1 (0.009%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 659 (6.12%) Kubernetes
2 137 (1.27%) Terraform
3 77 (0.71%) Ansible
4 58 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
5 38 (0.35%) Graphite
6 34 (0.32%) Grafana
7 27 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
8 26 (0.24%) Graylog
8 26 (0.24%) Opsgenie
9 23 (0.21%) Packer
10 22 (0.20%) Prometheus
11 19 (0.18%) HP UCMDB
12 15 (0.14%) Kibana
12 15 (0.14%) Puppet
12 15 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
13 12 (0.11%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 12 (0.11%) Bugsnag
13 12 (0.11%) Consul
13 12 (0.11%) MIIS
13 12 (0.11%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,246 (11.57%) Microsoft
2 565 (5.25%) Google
3 505 (4.69%) Adobe
4 497 (4.61%) Oracle
5 206 (1.91%) Salesforce.com
6 111 (1.03%) Xamarin
7 109 (1.01%) Atlassian
8 106 (0.98%) Zend
9 99 (0.92%) ServiceNow
10 96 (0.89%) SAP
11 94 (0.87%) WooCommerce
12 89 (0.83%) Sitecore
13 68 (0.63%) VMware
14 60 (0.56%) Apple
15 54 (0.50%) IBM
16 53 (0.49%) Splunk
17 46 (0.43%) HP
18 43 (0.40%) Samsung
19 39 (0.36%) Sony
20 38 (0.35%) YouTube