Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 23 16 19
Rank change year-on-year -7 +3 -6
Permanent jobs citing HTML 11,363 5,488 14,430
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 8.94% 11.06% 10.53%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 22.24% 25.13% 27.89%
Number of salaries quoted 7,484 4,758 12,478
10th Percentile £32,250 £32,000 £28,750
25th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £36,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +3.26%
75th Percentile £66,000 £63,750 £62,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,083 21,841 51,735
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.18% 44.00% 37.76%
Number of salaries quoted 32,464 18,771 43,025
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +5.31%
75th Percentile £79,563 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Salary trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 10,083 £52,500 +5.00% 2,236
UK excluding London -10 5,740 £47,500 +5.56% 1,572
London +4 4,611 £65,000 +4.00% 793
Work from Home -2 3,079 £52,500 +10.53% 537
South East -6 2,097 £47,500 -5.00% 361
North of England -22 1,129 £45,000 - 460
Midlands -5 962 £45,000 +5.88% 325
South West -10 833 £47,500 +5.56% 141
West Midlands -1 627 £45,000 - 179
North West -23 543 £45,000 - 251
Yorkshire -11 504 £45,000 +12.50% 160
Scotland -12 318 £50,000 +25.00% 100
East Midlands -11 311 £42,500 +6.25% 146
East of England -38 259 £50,000 +17.65% 146
Wales -29 104 £49,000 +22.50% 30
North East -25 82 £35,000 -18.60% 49
Northern Ireland -21 50 £37,500 -3.23% 10

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 9,512 (83.71%) CSS
2 9,197 (80.94%) JavaScript
3 4,829 (42.50%) React
4 4,611 (40.58%) Agile Software Development
5 3,341 (29.40%) HTML5
6 3,174 (27.93%) AngularJS
7 3,091 (27.20%) C#
8 2,985 (26.27%) .NET
9 2,929 (25.78%) Front End Development
10 2,883 (25.37%) Git (software)
11 2,676 (23.55%) Full Stack Development
12 2,572 (22.63%) User Experience
13 2,562 (22.55%) SQL
14 2,470 (21.74%) Node.js
15 2,430 (21.39%) TypeScript
16 2,239 (19.70%) Social Skills
17 2,064 (18.16%) PHP
18 2,046 (18.01%) Web Development
19 2,033 (17.89%) Azure
20 1,961 (17.26%) Software Engineering
21 1,859 (16.36%) CSS3
22 1,836 (16.16%) MVC
23 1,812 (15.95%) jQuery
24 1,780 (15.66%) AWS
25 1,764 (15.52%) Finance
26 1,751 (15.41%) SQL Server
27 1,701 (14.97%) Java
28 1,674 (14.73%) REST
29 1,620 (14.26%) Problem-Solving
30 1,580 (13.90%) MySQL

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,084 (9.54%) CMS
2 649 (5.71%) WordPress
3 281 (2.47%) Confluence
4 273 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
5 253 (2.23%) Apache
6 222 (1.95%) IIS
7 221 (1.94%) Umbraco
8 214 (1.88%) SharePoint
9 165 (1.45%) nginx
10 153 (1.35%) Drupal
11 141 (1.24%) Headless CMS
12 133 (1.17%) Tomcat
13 119 (1.05%) Kentico
14 115 (1.01%) Sitecore CMS
15 108 (0.95%) EPiServer
16 87 (0.77%) Apache Solr
17 61 (0.54%) Apache Spark
18 43 (0.38%) IBM Domino
19 39 (0.34%) JBoss
20 37 (0.33%) Joomla!
Applications
1 236 (2.08%) Figma
2 227 (2.00%) Photoshop
3 217 (1.91%) Sketch
4 180 (1.58%) Microsoft Office
5 132 (1.16%) Adobe XD
6 126 (1.11%) Adobe Illustrator
7 123 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
8 106 (0.93%) InVision
9 105 (0.92%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 52 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 39 (0.34%) InDesign
12 36 (0.32%) MS Visio
13 29 (0.26%) GIMP
14 26 (0.23%) Adobe After Effects
15 24 (0.21%) Chatbot
16 22 (0.19%) Campfire
17 20 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
18 17 (0.15%) Zeplin
19 15 (0.13%) Acrobat
20 14 (0.12%) MadCap Flare
Business Applications
1 229 (2.02%) Magento
2 148 (1.30%) Shopify
3 93 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
4 78 (0.69%) Payment Gateway
5 57 (0.50%) NetSuite
6 28 (0.25%) Adobe Campaign
7 27 (0.24%) SAP Business ByDesign
8 24 (0.21%) WebTrends
9 21 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
10 19 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 14 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
12 13 (0.11%) Summit
13 11 (0.097%) Dynamics NAV
14 9 (0.079%) SDL Web 8
15 8 (0.070%) Dynamics AX
16 7 (0.062%) Remedy ITSM
17 6 (0.053%) Eloqua
17 6 (0.053%) nopCommerce
18 5 (0.044%) Elite 3E
18 5 (0.044%) OpenCart
Cloud Services
1 2,033 (17.89%) Azure
2 1,780 (15.66%) AWS
3 1,008 (8.87%) SaaS
4 623 (5.48%) GitHub
5 507 (4.46%) npm
6 456 (4.01%) GCP
7 441 (3.88%) Serverless
8 251 (2.21%) AWS Lambda
9 187 (1.65%) Power Platform
10 184 (1.62%) Amazon S3
11 178 (1.57%) Google Analytics
12 155 (1.36%) Microsoft 365
13 147 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
14 124 (1.09%) Dynamics 365
15 121 (1.06%) PaaS
15 121 (1.06%) Yarn
16 104 (0.92%) GitHub Actions
17 99 (0.87%) PowerApps
18 88 (0.77%) Azure Functions
19 85 (0.75%) Adobe Creative Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 462 (4.07%) HTTP
2 265 (2.33%) Internet
3 161 (1.42%) Broadband
4 136 (1.20%) TCP/IP
5 103 (0.91%) DNS
6 86 (0.76%) Bluetooth
7 77 (0.68%) SSL
8 61 (0.54%) MQTT
9 60 (0.53%) Wireless
10 58 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
11 49 (0.43%) Ethernet
12 43 (0.38%) Firewall
13 39 (0.34%) SMS
14 36 (0.32%) DVB
15 29 (0.26%) VPN
16 28 (0.25%) SMTP
17 27 (0.24%) Intranet
18 25 (0.22%) SSH
19 22 (0.19%) FTP
20 16 (0.14%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,751 (15.41%) SQL Server
2 1,580 (13.90%) MySQL
3 618 (5.44%) NoSQL
4 547 (4.81%) PostgreSQL
4 547 (4.81%) Relational Database
5 538 (4.73%) MongoDB
6 361 (3.18%) Redis
7 143 (1.26%) Big Data
8 130 (1.14%) Power BI
9 117 (1.03%) Amazon RDS
10 107 (0.94%) Oracle Database
11 99 (0.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 98 (0.86%) RDBMS
13 93 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 92 (0.81%) MariaDB
15 82 (0.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 65 (0.57%) Blockchain
17 64 (0.56%) Amazon Aurora
18 61 (0.54%) Apache Cassandra
18 61 (0.54%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 2,883 (25.37%) Git (software)
2 940 (8.27%) webpack
3 749 (6.59%) JIRA
4 684 (6.02%) Jenkins
5 412 (3.63%) gulp
6 405 (3.56%) Visual Studio
7 301 (2.65%) Selenium
8 271 (2.38%) Bitbucket
9 250 (2.20%) Cypress.io
10 241 (2.12%) Mocha
11 223 (1.96%) Jasmine
12 198 (1.74%) Grunt
13 196 (1.72%) Maven
14 179 (1.58%) GitLab
15 174 (1.53%) Team Foundation Server
16 171 (1.50%) Subversion
17 160 (1.41%) Babel
18 158 (1.39%) NUnit
19 136 (1.20%) Storybook
20 133 (1.17%) PHPUnit
General
1 2,239 (19.70%) Social Skills
2 1,764 (15.52%) Finance
3 1,138 (10.01%) Marketing
4 699 (6.15%) Analytical Skills
5 610 (5.37%) Retail
6 298 (2.62%) Games
7 296 (2.60%) Banking
8 243 (2.14%) Manufacturing
9 225 (1.98%) Public Sector
10 206 (1.81%) Advertising
11 190 (1.67%) Law
12 181 (1.59%) Legal
13 180 (1.58%) Organisational Skills
13 180 (1.58%) Publishing
14 159 (1.40%) Telecoms
15 135 (1.19%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 104 (0.92%) Automotive
17 101 (0.89%) Pharmaceutical
18 90 (0.79%) Presentation Skills
19 82 (0.72%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 7,996 (70.37%) Developer
2 2,048 (18.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1,692 (14.89%) Senior Developer
4 1,174 (10.33%) Full Stack Developer
5 1,064 (9.36%) .NET Developer
6 886 (7.80%) Software Developer
7 859 (7.56%) PHP Developer
8 843 (7.42%) Software Engineer
9 767 (6.75%) React Developer
10 661 (5.82%) Web Developer
11 658 (5.79%) C# Developer
12 526 (4.63%) JavaScript Developer
13 478 (4.21%) Java Developer
14 427 (3.76%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 405 (3.56%) C# .NET Developer
16 374 (3.29%) Angular Developer
17 312 (2.75%) Lead Developer
18 310 (2.73%) Designer
19 277 (2.44%) Junior
20 240 (2.11%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9,512 (83.71%) CSS
2 4,829 (42.50%) React
3 3,341 (29.40%) HTML5
4 3,174 (27.93%) AngularJS
5 2,985 (26.27%) .NET
6 2,470 (21.74%) Node.js
7 1,859 (16.36%) CSS3
8 1,812 (15.95%) jQuery
9 1,674 (14.73%) REST
10 1,561 (13.74%) Vue.js
11 1,478 (13.01%) Sass
12 1,325 (11.66%) ASP.NET
13 1,287 (11.33%) RESTful
14 1,267 (11.15%) Web Services
15 1,113 (9.79%) .NET Core
16 869 (7.65%) .NET Framework
17 858 (7.55%) XML
18 855 (7.52%) Redux
19 852 (7.50%) JSON
20 733 (6.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 2,572 (22.63%) User Experience
2 617 (5.43%) Greenfield Project
3 613 (5.39%) Mobile App
4 506 (4.45%) Self-Motivation
5 279 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
6 236 (2.08%) Virtual Team
7 190 (1.67%) Social Media
8 187 (1.65%) Algorithms
9 175 (1.54%) Data Structures
10 158 (1.39%) Legacy Code
11 117 (1.03%) Legacy Systems
12 110 (0.97%) Management Information System
13 104 (0.92%) e-Learning
14 103 (0.91%) Blog
15 95 (0.84%) Animation
15 95 (0.84%) Cloud Native
16 88 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
17 83 (0.73%) Client/Server
17 83 (0.73%) Linux Command Line
18 82 (0.72%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 957 (8.42%) Linux
2 591 (5.20%) Windows
3 366 (3.22%) Apple iOS
4 358 (3.15%) Android
5 116 (1.02%) Windows Server
6 100 (0.88%) Unix
7 63 (0.55%) Ubuntu
8 54 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 49 (0.43%) CentOS
10 24 (0.21%) Windows 10
11 18 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
12 16 (0.14%) Mac OS
12 16 (0.14%) VMS
13 13 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
15 10 (0.088%) Windows 7
16 9 (0.079%) SUSE
17 8 (0.070%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 7 (0.062%) Fedora
18 7 (0.062%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,611 (40.58%) Agile Software Development
2 2,929 (25.78%) Front End Development
3 2,676 (23.55%) Full Stack Development
4 2,046 (18.01%) Web Development
5 1,961 (17.26%) Software Engineering
6 1,836 (16.16%) MVC
7 1,620 (14.26%) Problem-Solving
8 1,526 (13.43%) TDD
9 1,380 (12.14%) Scrum
10 1,376 (12.11%) DevOps
11 1,157 (10.18%) Unit Testing
12 1,144 (10.07%) E-Commerce
13 1,099 (9.67%) Test Automation
14 1,076 (9.47%) Microservices
15 1,051 (9.25%) OO
16 968 (8.52%) Continuous Integration
17 912 (8.03%) Computer Science
18 857 (7.54%) Mentoring
19 851 (7.49%) Analytics
20 756 (6.65%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 9,197 (80.94%) JavaScript
2 3,091 (27.20%) C#
3 2,562 (22.55%) SQL
4 2,430 (21.39%) TypeScript
5 2,064 (18.16%) PHP
6 1,701 (14.97%) Java
7 1,214 (10.68%) Python
8 804 (7.08%) ES6
9 405 (3.56%) T-SQL
10 280 (2.46%) C++
11 274 (2.41%) C
12 258 (2.27%) Ruby
13 230 (2.02%) Go
14 184 (1.62%) PowerShell
15 173 (1.52%) Java 8
16 149 (1.31%) Kotlin
17 140 (1.23%) VB.NET
18 137 (1.21%) ES7
19 125 (1.10%) Scala
20 121 (1.06%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 1,154 (10.16%) Degree
2 463 (4.07%) Computer Science Degree
3 167 (1.47%) Security Cleared
4 126 (1.11%) SC Cleared
5 79 (0.70%) Master's Degree
6 68 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
7 52 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
8 36 (0.32%) DV Cleared
9 35 (0.31%) AWS Certification
10 31 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
11 24 (0.21%) PhD
12 22 (0.19%) ISTQB
13 19 (0.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 18 (0.16%) ISEB
15 16 (0.14%) SANS
16 12 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
17 11 (0.097%) PMI Certification
17 11 (0.097%) PRINCE2 Certification
18 9 (0.079%) DBS Check
19 8 (0.070%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 823 (7.24%) Accessibility
2 738 (6.49%) QA
3 127 (1.12%) WCAG
4 68 (0.60%) GDPR
5 38 (0.33%) PCI DSS
6 26 (0.23%) PMO
7 23 (0.20%) SLA
8 20 (0.18%) WAI
9 19 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 14 (0.12%) Data Quality
11 10 (0.088%) ISO 13485
12 6 (0.053%) GAMP
12 6 (0.053%) GRC
13 5 (0.044%) IEC 62304
13 5 (0.044%) SOC 2
14 4 (0.035%) Actionable Recommendations
15 3 (0.026%) Disclosure Scotland
15 3 (0.026%) ISO 9001
16 2 (0.018%) MISRA
16 2 (0.018%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,339 (11.78%) Docker
2 76 (0.67%) Active Directory
3 51 (0.45%) Firmware
4 37 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.15%) Hyper-V
6 14 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 13 (0.11%) Varnish
8 10 (0.088%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (0.053%) ISA Server
10 5 (0.044%) Ceph
10 5 (0.044%) KVM
10 5 (0.044%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (0.035%) HDFS
12 3 (0.026%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.018%) Terminal Services
14 1 (0.009%) BitLocker
14 1 (0.009%) NFS
14 1 (0.009%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 708 (6.23%) Kubernetes
2 191 (1.68%) Terraform
3 104 (0.92%) Ansible
4 49 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
5 47 (0.41%) Grafana
6 45 (0.40%) Graphite
7 42 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
8 36 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
9 30 (0.26%) Graylog
9 30 (0.26%) Opsgenie
10 22 (0.19%) Kibana
11 21 (0.18%) Rancher
12 19 (0.17%) Puppet
13 18 (0.16%) Prometheus
14 17 (0.15%) Consul
14 17 (0.15%) Packer
15 13 (0.11%) Bugsnag
16 11 (0.097%) Active Directory Federation Services
17 10 (0.088%) logstash
17 10 (0.088%) Nagios
Vendors
1 1,193 (10.50%) Microsoft
2 651 (5.73%) Google
3 588 (5.17%) Adobe
4 431 (3.79%) Oracle
5 246 (2.16%) Salesforce.com
6 144 (1.27%) SAP
7 141 (1.24%) Xamarin
8 138 (1.21%) Sitecore
9 127 (1.12%) WooCommerce
10 106 (0.93%) ServiceNow
11 100 (0.88%) Zend
12 93 (0.82%) Atlassian
13 77 (0.68%) Apple
14 73 (0.64%) Splunk
15 69 (0.61%) VMware
16 59 (0.52%) IBM
16 59 (0.52%) YouTube
17 55 (0.48%) Spotify
18 41 (0.36%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
19 40 (0.35%) Facebook