Period
to 28 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 28 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 15 17 13
Rank change year-on-year +2 -4 -2
Permanent jobs citing HTML 7,811 13,093 18,614
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.56% 10.65% 12.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.46% 27.42% 31.04%
Number of salaries quoted 8,021 12,119 16,565
Median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.11% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £78,750 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30,684 47,755 59,960
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.48% 38.84% 39.71%
Number of salaries quoted 25,422 39,586 49,761
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £34,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Salary trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 28 February 2021.

Salary histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 6,981 £50,000 - 1,915
UK excluding London +2 5,425 £45,000 - 1,553
London -8 1,984 £62,500 - 503
Work from Home -3 1,677 £47,500 - 515
South East +2 1,550 £50,000 +11.11% 323
North of England +5 1,282 £43,500 -2.25% 468
Midlands +5 898 £45,000 +12.50% 309
South West +2 806 £45,000 +12.50% 201
North West 0 637 £45,000 - 244
Yorkshire +9 540 £42,500 +6.25% 169
West Midlands +7 523 £45,000 +11.11% 177
East Midlands +2 373 £42,500 +6.25% 132
Scotland -4 350 £45,000 +5.88% 81
East of England +4 333 £45,000 -5.26% 104
Wales +5 130 £38,000 +1.33% 47
North East +1 105 £45,000 +12.50% 55
Northern Ireland -2 59 £40,000 -20.00% 19
Isle of Man 0 26 £49,500 +4.21% 2

For the 6 months to 28 February 2021, IT jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 6,820 (87.31%) CSS
2 6,670 (85.39%) JavaScript
3 3,112 (39.84%) Agile Software Development
4 2,557 (32.74%) C#
5 2,483 (31.79%) HTML5
6 2,353 (30.12%) .NET
7 2,188 (28.01%) SQL
7 2,188 (28.01%) AngularJS
8 2,081 (26.64%) React
9 1,838 (23.53%) Front End Development
10 1,795 (22.98%) PHP
11 1,786 (22.87%) Git (software)
12 1,620 (20.74%) MVC
13 1,599 (20.47%) Web Development
14 1,551 (19.86%) Azure
15 1,485 (19.01%) CSS3
16 1,376 (17.62%) jQuery
17 1,370 (17.54%) SQL Server
18 1,339 (17.14%) User Experience
19 1,301 (16.66%) Node.js
20 1,213 (15.53%) Java
21 1,193 (15.27%) MySQL
22 1,186 (15.18%) ASP.NET
23 1,120 (14.34%) TypeScript
24 1,110 (14.21%) Vue.js
25 1,003 (12.84%) Scrum
26 999 (12.79%) DevOps
27 992 (12.70%) Software Engineering
28 979 (12.53%) Microsoft
29 936 (11.98%) TDD

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 530 (6.79%) CMS
2 367 (4.70%) WordPress
3 183 (2.34%) Apache
4 158 (2.02%) Confluence
5 134 (1.72%) SharePoint
6 132 (1.69%) IIS
7 119 (1.52%) Drupal
8 113 (1.45%) Umbraco
9 95 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
10 84 (1.08%) EPiServer
11 81 (1.04%) Tomcat
12 78 (1.00%) Sitecore CMS
13 58 (0.74%) nginx
14 45 (0.58%) Kentico
15 37 (0.47%) NServiceBus
16 34 (0.44%) Apache Solr
17 30 (0.38%) JBoss
18 29 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 27 (0.35%) Joomla!
20 24 (0.31%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 177 (2.27%) Photoshop
2 124 (1.59%) Sketch
3 100 (1.28%) Adobe Illustrator
4 98 (1.25%) InVision
5 76 (0.97%) Figma
6 72 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
7 65 (0.83%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 60 (0.77%) Adobe XD
8 60 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
9 24 (0.31%) Zeplin
10 21 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 18 (0.23%) Chatbot
12 16 (0.20%) MS Visio
13 13 (0.17%) InDesign
14 8 (0.10%) Adobe After Effects
15 7 (0.090%) Spreadsheet
15 7 (0.090%) UXPin
16 6 (0.077%) SOLIDWORKS
17 5 (0.064%) Adobe Premiere
17 5 (0.064%) FrameMaker
Business Applications
1 234 (3.00%) Magento
2 133 (1.70%) Dynamics CRM
3 122 (1.56%) Shopify
4 52 (0.67%) Payment Gateway
5 26 (0.33%) NetSuite
5 26 (0.33%) OpenCart
6 19 (0.24%) nopCommerce
7 15 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
7 15 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 15 (0.19%) Siebel CRM
8 8 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
8 8 (0.10%) Maximo
9 7 (0.090%) SAP Hybris
9 7 (0.090%) Social Studio
10 5 (0.064%) Dynamics NAV
11 4 (0.051%) Bond Adapt
11 4 (0.051%) Oracle ERP
11 4 (0.051%) Unica
11 4 (0.051%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.038%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 1,551 (19.86%) Azure
2 929 (11.89%) AWS
3 500 (6.40%) SaaS
4 223 (2.85%) Serverless
5 212 (2.71%) GCP
6 188 (2.41%) GitHub
7 185 (2.37%) Power Platform
8 184 (2.36%) npm
9 146 (1.87%) Dynamics 365
10 109 (1.40%) AWS Lambda
11 100 (1.28%) PaaS
12 85 (1.09%) Google Analytics
12 85 (1.09%) PowerApps
13 76 (0.97%) Azure Functions
14 62 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
15 61 (0.78%) Microsoft 365
16 59 (0.76%) Amazon S3
17 53 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
17 53 (0.68%) IaaS
17 53 (0.68%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 148 (1.89%) HTTP
2 88 (1.13%) Internet
3 40 (0.51%) Skype
4 36 (0.46%) SSL
5 35 (0.45%) Intranet
6 34 (0.44%) Wireless
7 32 (0.41%) TCP/IP
8 27 (0.35%) VPN
9 22 (0.28%) DNS
9 22 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
10 21 (0.27%) MQTT
10 21 (0.27%) Network Security
11 18 (0.23%) Bluetooth
12 17 (0.22%) Ethernet
12 17 (0.22%) SSH
13 16 (0.20%) Firewall
14 15 (0.19%) RTP
15 13 (0.17%) FTP
16 12 (0.15%) SMS
17 11 (0.14%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,370 (17.54%) SQL Server
2 1,193 (15.27%) MySQL
3 369 (4.72%) Relational Database
4 335 (4.29%) NoSQL
5 303 (3.88%) MongoDB
6 261 (3.34%) PostgreSQL
7 140 (1.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 120 (1.54%) Big Data
9 111 (1.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 105 (1.34%) Redis
11 91 (1.17%) Power BI
12 83 (1.06%) SQL Server 2012
13 68 (0.87%) Azure SQL Database
14 55 (0.70%) RDBMS
15 50 (0.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 47 (0.60%) Amazon RDS
17 44 (0.56%) SQL Server 2008
18 40 (0.51%) Data Warehouse
19 39 (0.50%) Cosmos DB
20 34 (0.44%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 1,786 (22.87%) Git (software)
2 358 (4.58%) JIRA
3 347 (4.44%) Visual Studio
4 310 (3.97%) webpack
5 249 (3.19%) gulp
6 238 (3.05%) Jenkins
7 182 (2.33%) Team Foundation Server
8 162 (2.07%) Selenium
9 156 (2.00%) Grunt
10 117 (1.50%) Maven
11 108 (1.38%) Cypress.io
12 106 (1.36%) JUnit
12 106 (1.36%) Subversion
13 100 (1.28%) Bitbucket
14 86 (1.10%) Jasmine
14 86 (1.10%) NUnit
15 72 (0.92%) Gradle
16 71 (0.91%) PHPUnit
17 66 (0.84%) Mocha
18 62 (0.79%) TeamCity
General
1 788 (10.09%) Finance
2 509 (6.52%) Marketing
3 329 (4.21%) Retail
4 278 (3.56%) Public Sector
5 243 (3.11%) Games
6 231 (2.96%) Banking
7 178 (2.28%) Manufacturing
8 113 (1.45%) Telecoms
9 104 (1.33%) Advertising
9 104 (1.33%) Multimedia
10 91 (1.17%) Law
11 77 (0.99%) Electronics
12 72 (0.92%) Automotive
13 64 (0.82%) Publishing
14 52 (0.67%) Back Office
15 49 (0.63%) Local Government
16 47 (0.60%) Private Banking
17 43 (0.55%) Legal
18 41 (0.52%) Front Office
19 32 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6,210 (79.50%) Developer
2 1,293 (16.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1,258 (16.11%) Senior Developer
4 928 (11.88%) .NET Developer
5 889 (11.38%) Full Stack Developer
6 785 (10.05%) PHP Developer
7 719 (9.20%) Software Developer
8 632 (8.09%) Web Developer
9 602 (7.71%) C# Developer
10 589 (7.54%) React Developer
11 557 (7.13%) JavaScript Developer
12 441 (5.65%) C# .NET Developer
13 440 (5.63%) Software Engineer
14 322 (4.12%) Java Developer
15 318 (4.07%) Lead Developer
16 300 (3.84%) Angular Developer
17 269 (3.44%) Senior Front-End Developer
18 265 (3.39%) Junior
19 241 (3.09%) Senior .NET Developer
20 234 (3.00%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,820 (87.31%) CSS
2 2,483 (31.79%) HTML5
3 2,353 (30.12%) .NET
4 2,188 (28.01%) AngularJS
5 2,081 (26.64%) React
6 1,485 (19.01%) CSS3
7 1,376 (17.62%) jQuery
8 1,301 (16.66%) Node.js
9 1,186 (15.18%) ASP.NET
10 1,110 (14.21%) Vue.js
11 913 (11.69%) Sass
12 842 (10.78%) .NET Core
13 786 (10.06%) REST
14 780 (9.99%) RESTful
15 714 (9.14%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 666 (8.53%) Web Services
17 653 (8.36%) .NET Framework
18 645 (8.26%) Laravel
19 593 (7.59%) XML
20 532 (6.81%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,339 (17.14%) User Experience
2 516 (6.61%) Greenfield Project
3 460 (5.89%) Analytical Skills
4 399 (5.11%) Mobile App
5 237 (3.03%) Enterprise Software
5 237 (3.03%) Self-Motivation
6 123 (1.57%) Data Structures
7 85 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
8 75 (0.96%) Algorithms
9 63 (0.81%) Virtual Team
10 62 (0.79%) Social Media
11 61 (0.78%) Management Information System
12 56 (0.72%) Graphic Design
13 52 (0.67%) Cloud Native
14 45 (0.58%) NHS
14 45 (0.58%) N-Tier
15 41 (0.52%) Blog
15 41 (0.52%) Public Cloud
16 36 (0.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 29 (0.37%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 715 (9.15%) Linux
2 407 (5.21%) Windows
3 165 (2.11%) Android
4 158 (2.02%) Apple iOS
5 90 (1.15%) Windows Server
6 77 (0.99%) Unix
7 53 (0.68%) Ubuntu
8 33 (0.42%) Debian
9 31 (0.40%) CentOS
10 8 (0.10%) Windows 7
11 7 (0.090%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (0.090%) VMS
11 7 (0.090%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (0.090%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.077%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.064%) Solaris
14 3 (0.038%) AIX
15 2 (0.026%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.026%) Windows Server 2016
16 1 (0.013%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,112 (39.84%) Agile Software Development
2 1,838 (23.53%) Front End Development
3 1,620 (20.74%) MVC
4 1,599 (20.47%) Web Development
5 1,003 (12.84%) Scrum
6 999 (12.79%) DevOps
7 992 (12.70%) Software Engineering
8 936 (11.98%) TDD
9 872 (11.16%) OO
10 728 (9.32%) E-Commerce
11 724 (9.27%) Microservices
12 655 (8.39%) Problem-Solving
13 575 (7.36%) Unit Testing
14 563 (7.21%) OOP
15 526 (6.73%) Test Automation
16 452 (5.79%) Computer Science
17 446 (5.71%) Mentoring
18 436 (5.58%) SDLC
19 405 (5.18%) Analytics
20 393 (5.03%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 6,670 (85.39%) JavaScript
2 2,557 (32.74%) C#
3 2,188 (28.01%) SQL
4 1,795 (22.98%) PHP
5 1,213 (15.53%) Java
6 1,120 (14.34%) TypeScript
7 829 (10.61%) Python
8 432 (5.53%) ES6
9 272 (3.48%) T-SQL
10 187 (2.39%) Java 8
11 175 (2.24%) C++
12 143 (1.83%) Ruby
13 132 (1.69%) C
14 131 (1.68%) VB.NET
15 83 (1.06%) Go
16 79 (1.01%) PowerShell
17 76 (0.97%) Kotlin
18 74 (0.95%) Bash Shell
19 70 (0.90%) PHP 7
19 70 (0.90%) Scala
Qualifications
1 754 (9.65%) Degree
2 233 (2.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 138 (1.77%) Security Cleared
4 106 (1.36%) SC Cleared
5 59 (0.76%) CIW
5 59 (0.76%) OCA
5 59 (0.76%) OCP
5 59 (0.76%) Oracle Certification
6 47 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
7 21 (0.27%) DV Cleared
8 15 (0.19%) SANS
9 14 (0.18%) AWS Certification
9 14 (0.18%) ISTQB
10 13 (0.17%) HND
10 13 (0.17%) Master's Degree
11 10 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
12 9 (0.12%) PMI Certification
13 8 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
13 8 (0.10%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 7 (0.090%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 361 (4.62%) QA
2 44 (0.56%) WCAG
3 31 (0.40%) GDPR
3 31 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 17 (0.22%) SLA
5 15 (0.19%) WAI
6 5 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 4 (0.051%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.051%) PMO
7 4 (0.051%) PSD2
8 3 (0.038%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.026%) Good Clinical Practice
9 2 (0.026%) NCSC
10 1 (0.013%) Actionable Recommendations
10 1 (0.013%) NIST
System Software
1 665 (8.51%) Docker
2 39 (0.50%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.090%) Kamailio
4 7 (0.090%) OpenSIPS
5 5 (0.064%) Firmware
5 5 (0.064%) LXC
5 5 (0.064%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.051%) KVM
6 4 (0.051%) Varnish
7 3 (0.038%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.013%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 1 (0.013%) Terminal Services
8 1 (0.013%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.013%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.013%) VMware Workstation
8 1 (0.013%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 297 (3.80%) Kubernetes
2 70 (0.90%) Terraform
3 44 (0.56%) Ansible
4 36 (0.46%) Puppet
5 25 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
6 17 (0.22%) MIIS
6 17 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
7 14 (0.18%) HP UCMDB
8 9 (0.12%) Kibana
8 9 (0.12%) SCCM
9 7 (0.090%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (0.077%) HP Fortify
10 6 (0.077%) Packer
11 4 (0.051%) Hadoop YARN
11 4 (0.051%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.038%) cPanel
12 3 (0.038%) HAProxy
12 3 (0.038%) Plesk
12 3 (0.038%) TeamSite
12 3 (0.038%) vRealize
Vendors
1 979 (12.53%) Microsoft
2 298 (3.82%) Adobe
3 293 (3.75%) Google
4 257 (3.29%) Oracle
5 142 (1.82%) Salesforce.com
6 96 (1.23%) Sitecore
7 90 (1.15%) SAP
8 84 (1.08%) Atlassian
9 82 (1.05%) Xamarin
10 80 (1.02%) Zend
11 72 (0.92%) ServiceNow
12 38 (0.49%) VMware
13 36 (0.46%) IBM
14 34 (0.44%) WooCommerce
15 31 (0.40%) Apple
16 29 (0.37%) Siebel
17 26 (0.33%) HP
18 24 (0.31%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
19 22 (0.28%) Facebook
19 22 (0.28%) Splunk