Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 36 32 31
Rank change year-on-year -4 -1 +1
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 7,648 4,704 9,838
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 6.79% 6.65% 6.77%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.27% 7.20% 7.33%
Number of salaries quoted 4,892 3,794 7,464
10th Percentile £36,525 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £40,000 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £73,750 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £81,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,191 65,318 134,263
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.45% 92.38% 92.44%
Number of salaries quoted 71,704 52,852 107,080
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 6,769 £57,500 +4.55% 1,254
UK excluding London -8 3,592 £50,000 +5.26% 883
London +10 3,552 £70,000 +3.70% 456
Work from Home +13 1,537 £55,000 +10.00% 261
South East -7 1,182 £52,500 +5.00% 207
North of England -12 824 £47,500 +5.56% 244
South West -15 452 £50,000 +11.11% 119
Midlands -12 445 £47,500 +5.56% 132
Yorkshire -6 441 £50,000 +11.11% 85
Scotland +2 339 £47,500 - 58
North West -19 337 £45,000 -7.69% 132
West Midlands -3 283 £50,250 +5.79% 89
East of England -2 185 £60,000 +23.08% 81
East Midlands -12 161 £45,000 +5.88% 42
Northern Ireland -1 79 £47,500 +18.75% 16
Wales -32 73 £40,000 -9.09% 26
North East -27 47 £45,000 - 27
Isle of Man 0 17 £37,500 -

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 4,800 (62.76%) Agile Software Development
2 2,561 (33.49%) Java
3 2,442 (31.93%) QA
4 2,354 (30.78%) JavaScript
5 2,318 (30.31%) DevOps
6 2,071 (27.08%) C#
7 1,937 (25.33%) AWS
8 1,930 (25.24%) Selenium
9 1,803 (23.57%) SQL
10 1,777 (23.23%) Azure
11 1,748 (22.86%) Microservices
12 1,698 (22.20%) Social Skills
13 1,677 (21.93%) Software Engineering
14 1,621 (21.20%) TDD
15 1,577 (20.62%) Software Testing
16 1,522 (19.90%) Python
17 1,509 (19.73%) Docker
18 1,486 (19.43%) BDD
19 1,467 (19.18%) Git (software)
20 1,449 (18.95%) React
21 1,415 (18.50%) Continuous Integration
22 1,414 (18.49%) Finance
23 1,385 (18.11%) Scrum
24 1,243 (16.25%) .NET
25 1,194 (15.61%) Jenkins
26 1,176 (15.38%) Kubernetes
27 1,089 (14.24%) REST
28 1,076 (14.07%) JIRA
29 1,073 (14.03%) Node.js
30 992 (12.97%) Mentoring

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 392 (5.13%) Confluence
2 150 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
3 122 (1.60%) CMS
4 114 (1.49%) SharePoint
5 103 (1.35%) Apache Spark
6 101 (1.32%) Apache
7 40 (0.52%) IIS
8 34 (0.44%) nginx
8 34 (0.44%) WordPress
9 29 (0.38%) EPiServer
10 27 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
10 27 (0.35%) Oracle Workflow
11 23 (0.30%) WebSphere
12 21 (0.27%) GemFire
12 21 (0.27%) Oracle Coherence
13 19 (0.25%) Headless CMS
13 19 (0.25%) Tomcat
14 18 (0.24%) Apache Solr
15 14 (0.18%) MS Exchange
15 14 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 58 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
2 53 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 33 (0.43%) InVision
4 26 (0.34%) Figma
4 26 (0.34%) Sketch
5 24 (0.31%) MS Visio
6 15 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 12 (0.16%) SOLIDWORKS
8 11 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
9 10 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 10 (0.13%) Zeplin
10 9 (0.12%) Zemax
11 8 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
12 6 (0.078%) Adobe Premiere
12 6 (0.078%) Final Cut Pro
13 4 (0.052%) Chatbot
14 3 (0.039%) Mingle
15 1 (0.013%) Adobe XD
15 1 (0.013%) EngageOne
15 1 (0.013%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 92 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 36 (0.47%) Distributed Ledger
3 33 (0.43%) Magento
4 16 (0.21%) NetSuite
5 14 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
6 12 (0.16%) Shopify
7 10 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
8 9 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 9 (0.12%) Sentinel
9 8 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
10 7 (0.092%) R3 Corda
11 6 (0.078%) Oracle ERP
11 6 (0.078%) SAP S/4HANA
12 5 (0.065%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
13 4 (0.052%) SDL Web 8
14 3 (0.039%) Oracle Applications
14 3 (0.039%) Oracle Receivables
14 3 (0.039%) PeopleSoft HCM
14 3 (0.039%) SAP CO
14 3 (0.039%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 1,937 (25.33%) AWS
2 1,777 (23.23%) Azure
3 623 (8.15%) Serverless
4 545 (7.13%) SaaS
5 489 (6.39%) GCP
6 452 (5.91%) GitHub
7 309 (4.04%) AWS Lambda
8 188 (2.46%) Amazon S3
9 183 (2.39%) AWS CloudFormation
10 164 (2.14%) PaaS
11 149 (1.95%) Amazon ECS
12 130 (1.70%) Power Platform
13 123 (1.61%) Cloud Computing
14 113 (1.48%) Amazon SQS
15 112 (1.46%) Amazon EC2
16 87 (1.14%) Azure Service Bus
17 81 (1.06%) npm
18 75 (0.98%) Azure Functions
19 74 (0.97%) OpenShift
20 73 (0.95%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 366 (4.79%) HTTP
2 111 (1.45%) Broadband
3 96 (1.26%) Internet
4 75 (0.98%) TCP/IP
5 51 (0.67%) Wireshark
6 40 (0.52%) 802.11
6 40 (0.52%) HTTPS
6 40 (0.52%) Wireless
7 39 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
8 37 (0.48%) Ethernet
9 35 (0.46%) MQTT
9 35 (0.46%) STUN
10 27 (0.35%) DNS
10 27 (0.35%) SSL
11 23 (0.30%) 5G
12 22 (0.29%) Firewall
13 17 (0.22%) RTP
14 13 (0.17%) 4G
14 13 (0.17%) Network Security
15 12 (0.16%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 694 (9.07%) SQL Server
2 620 (8.11%) NoSQL
3 598 (7.82%) PostgreSQL
4 514 (6.72%) Relational Database
5 467 (6.11%) MongoDB
6 395 (5.16%) MySQL
7 280 (3.66%) Redis
8 242 (3.16%) Big Data
9 206 (2.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 114 (1.49%) RDBMS
11 103 (1.35%) Amazon Aurora
12 100 (1.31%) Power BI
13 97 (1.27%) Oracle Database
14 87 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
15 86 (1.12%) Data Warehouse
16 79 (1.03%) Amazon RDS
17 74 (0.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 73 (0.95%) Azure SQL Database
19 72 (0.94%) Hadoop
20 61 (0.80%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,930 (25.24%) Selenium
2 1,467 (19.18%) Git (software)
3 1,194 (15.61%) Jenkins
4 1,076 (14.07%) JIRA
5 849 (11.10%) Cucumber
6 651 (8.51%) Postman
7 596 (7.79%) Cypress.io
8 507 (6.63%) SpecFlow
9 489 (6.39%) JMeter
10 442 (5.78%) WebDriver
11 315 (4.12%) JUnit
12 303 (3.96%) GitLab
13 263 (3.44%) TeamCity
14 260 (3.40%) REST Assured
15 219 (2.86%) Appium
16 206 (2.69%) SoapUI
17 187 (2.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 185 (2.42%) Maven
19 179 (2.34%) Team Foundation Server
20 158 (2.07%) webpack
General
1 1,698 (22.20%) Social Skills
2 1,414 (18.49%) Finance
3 552 (7.22%) Banking
4 478 (6.25%) Analytical Skills
5 429 (5.61%) Retail
6 286 (3.74%) Marketing
7 252 (3.29%) Games
8 212 (2.77%) Public Sector
9 183 (2.39%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 182 (2.38%) Legal
11 179 (2.34%) Law
12 156 (2.04%) Telecoms
13 128 (1.67%) Influencing Skills
14 105 (1.37%) Presentation Skills
15 103 (1.35%) Organisational Skills
16 94 (1.23%) Electronics
17 74 (0.97%) Advertising
18 67 (0.88%) Manufacturing
19 65 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
20 53 (0.69%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,109 (27.58%) Developer
2 880 (11.51%) Software Engineer
3 763 (9.98%) Test Engineer
4 616 (8.05%) Tester
5 540 (7.06%) QA Engineer
6 507 (6.63%) Senior Developer
7 488 (6.38%) Analyst
8 382 (4.99%) Test Automation Engineer
9 379 (4.96%) Test Analyst
10 345 (4.51%) Automation Tester
11 337 (4.41%) Senior Software Engineer
12 326 (4.26%) DevOps Engineer
13 311 (4.07%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 309 (4.04%) Software Developer
15 308 (4.03%) Automation Engineer
16 298 (3.90%) Full Stack Developer
17 294 (3.84%) Java Developer
18 270 (3.53%) Java Engineer
19 233 (3.05%) C# Developer
20 220 (2.88%) QA Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,449 (18.95%) React
2 1,243 (16.25%) .NET
3 1,089 (14.24%) REST
4 1,073 (14.03%) Node.js
5 969 (12.67%) CSS
6 943 (12.33%) HTML
7 916 (11.98%) RESTful
8 804 (10.51%) Web Services
9 747 (9.77%) AngularJS
10 527 (6.89%) Kafka
11 518 (6.77%) Spring
12 492 (6.43%) .NET Core
13 474 (6.20%) GraphQL
14 398 (5.20%) HTML5
15 338 (4.42%) .NET Framework
16 337 (4.41%) JSON
16 337 (4.41%) Redux
17 295 (3.86%) Vue.js
18 293 (3.83%) XML
19 287 (3.75%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 707 (9.24%) User Experience
2 493 (6.45%) Mobile App
3 282 (3.69%) Self-Motivation
4 242 (3.16%) Greenfield Project
5 221 (2.89%) Algorithms
6 188 (2.46%) Cloud Native
7 148 (1.94%) Virtual Team
8 141 (1.84%) Data Structures
9 120 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
10 94 (1.23%) Management Information System
11 86 (1.12%) Social Media
12 85 (1.11%) N-Tier
13 80 (1.05%) NHS
14 75 (0.98%) Blog
15 69 (0.90%) Cyberattack
16 64 (0.84%) Hedge funds
17 63 (0.82%) Pricing Data
18 61 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
19 56 (0.73%) iPhone
20 55 (0.72%) EPoS
Operating Systems
1 806 (10.54%) Linux
2 387 (5.06%) Windows
3 305 (3.99%) Android
4 245 (3.20%) Unix
5 238 (3.11%) Apple iOS
6 76 (0.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 65 (0.85%) CentOS
8 26 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
9 23 (0.30%) Ubuntu
10 21 (0.27%) Windows Server
11 16 (0.21%) VMS
12 10 (0.13%) Mac OS
13 9 (0.12%) zOS
14 6 (0.078%) Debian
14 6 (0.078%) Mac OS X
15 5 (0.065%) CoreOS
15 5 (0.065%) Kali Linux
15 5 (0.065%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.065%) Windows Server 2012
16 4 (0.052%) Tizen
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,800 (62.76%) Agile Software Development
2 2,318 (30.31%) DevOps
3 1,748 (22.86%) Microservices
4 1,677 (21.93%) Software Engineering
5 1,621 (21.20%) TDD
6 1,577 (20.62%) Software Testing
7 1,486 (19.43%) BDD
8 1,415 (18.50%) Continuous Integration
9 1,385 (18.11%) Scrum
10 992 (12.97%) Mentoring
11 851 (11.13%) Problem-Solving
12 822 (10.75%) SDLC
13 718 (9.39%) Fintech
14 688 (9.00%) Computer Science
15 679 (8.88%) Continuous Improvement
16 652 (8.53%) OO
17 612 (8.00%) API Testing
18 596 (7.79%) Unit Testing
19 576 (7.53%) SDET
20 575 (7.52%) Manual Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,561 (33.49%) Java
2 2,354 (30.78%) JavaScript
3 2,071 (27.08%) C#
4 1,803 (23.57%) SQL
5 1,522 (19.90%) Python
6 885 (11.57%) TypeScript
7 350 (4.58%) C++
8 287 (3.75%) C
9 280 (3.66%) Scala
10 264 (3.45%) PowerShell
11 256 (3.35%) Ruby
12 252 (3.29%) Go
13 246 (3.22%) PHP
14 193 (2.52%) Java 8
15 192 (2.51%) Kotlin
16 191 (2.50%) Bash Shell
17 186 (2.43%) ES6
18 158 (2.07%) T-SQL
19 141 (1.84%) Shell Script
20 86 (1.12%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 980 (12.81%) Degree
2 435 (5.69%) Security Cleared
3 355 (4.64%) ISTQB
4 341 (4.46%) SC Cleared
5 327 (4.28%) Computer Science Degree
6 177 (2.31%) ISEB
7 168 (2.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 60 (0.78%) Master's Degree
9 39 (0.51%) DV Cleared
10 35 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
10 35 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
10 35 (0.46%) SANS
11 34 (0.44%) AWS Certification
12 26 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
13 24 (0.31%) PhD
14 23 (0.30%) OCP
15 19 (0.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 18 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
16 18 (0.24%) CISSP
17 14 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,442 (31.93%) QA
2 231 (3.02%) Accessibility
3 53 (0.69%) Data Quality
4 46 (0.60%) WCAG
5 45 (0.59%) GDPR
6 31 (0.41%) SLA
7 25 (0.33%) PMO
8 23 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 18 (0.24%) PSD2
10 9 (0.12%) ISO 20022
10 9 (0.12%) NIST
11 7 (0.092%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 7 (0.092%) Good Clinical Practice
12 6 (0.078%) GRC
12 6 (0.078%) ISO 15022
12 6 (0.078%) MISRA
13 5 (0.065%) COSO
13 5 (0.065%) Def Stans
13 5 (0.065%) NIST 800
13 5 (0.065%) SEPA
System Software
1 1,509 (19.73%) Docker
2 73 (0.95%) Active Directory
3 35 (0.46%) Firmware
4 27 (0.35%) NDS
4 27 (0.35%) NetIQ eDirectory
5 24 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
6 23 (0.30%) HDFS
7 20 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
8 14 (0.18%) LXC
9 11 (0.14%) ISA Server
10 10 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 10 (0.13%) Hyper-V
11 7 (0.092%) KVM
11 7 (0.092%) vSphere
11 7 (0.092%) Xen
12 6 (0.078%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.065%) Snort
14 4 (0.052%) Kamailio
14 4 (0.052%) OpenSIPS
14 4 (0.052%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,176 (15.38%) Kubernetes
2 611 (7.99%) Terraform
3 414 (5.41%) Ansible
4 269 (3.52%) Opscode Chef
5 196 (2.56%) Puppet
6 112 (1.46%) Prometheus
7 83 (1.09%) Kibana
8 75 (0.98%) Grafana
9 57 (0.75%) HP Quality Center
10 47 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
11 42 (0.55%) Istio
12 37 (0.48%) Graylog
13 28 (0.37%) Mesos
14 27 (0.35%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 24 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
16 22 (0.29%) Packer
17 19 (0.25%) HP ALM
18 18 (0.24%) logstash
18 18 (0.24%) Rancher
19 17 (0.22%) Consul
Vendors
1 689 (9.01%) Microsoft
2 400 (5.23%) Oracle
3 286 (3.74%) Google
4 123 (1.61%) IBM
5 105 (1.37%) SAP
6 97 (1.27%) Splunk
7 94 (1.23%) Atlassian
8 87 (1.14%) VMware
9 80 (1.05%) HP
10 79 (1.03%) Red Hat
11 76 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
12 70 (0.92%) Samsung
13 59 (0.77%) Xamarin
14 56 (0.73%) New Relic
15 54 (0.71%) Nintex
16 49 (0.64%) Apple
17 39 (0.51%) Dynatrace
18 38 (0.50%) ServiceNow
19 31 (0.41%) Databricks
20 30 (0.39%) AppDynamics