Period
to 22 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 29 32 39
Rank change year-on-year +3 +7 +10
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 10,779 11,237 10,116
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 7.10% 6.48% 5.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.74% 7.06% 6.34%
Number of salaries quoted 8,373 8,964 8,601
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.70% +2.22%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £72,850 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 139,215 159,254 159,438
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.69% 91.81% 91.34%
Number of salaries quoted 109,757 128,326 131,789
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £29,850 £28,500 £27,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 9,863 £51,000 +2.00% 1,839
UK excluding London +1 6,285 £45,000 - 1,327
London +6 4,303 £60,000 - 646
South East +10 1,975 £47,500 +5.56% 332
North of England -4 1,381 £45,000 - 319
East of England +13 741 £48,000 -4.00% 147
Midlands -3 734 £42,500 +6.25% 193
South West -2 709 £45,000 - 203
North West +2 694 £45,000 - 138
Yorkshire -6 590 £45,000 - 137
Scotland +14 588 £45,000 +5.88% 83
West Midlands -10 379 £42,500 +6.25% 131
East Midlands -6 355 £41,500 -1.78% 62
Wales +6 124 £40,250 +7.33% 39
North East +5 123 £48,500 +21.25% 44
Northern Ireland -2 54 £41,500 +38.33% 12

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 6,938 (64.37%) Agile Software Development
2 3,943 (36.58%) Java
3 3,502 (32.49%) C#
4 3,395 (31.50%) Selenium
5 3,334 (30.93%) QA
6 2,854 (26.48%) SQL
7 2,781 (25.80%) JavaScript
8 2,475 (22.96%) Continuous Integration
9 2,295 (21.29%) Finance
10 2,233 (20.72%) Scrum
11 2,194 (20.35%) TDD
12 2,082 (19.32%) .NET
13 2,054 (19.06%) BDD
14 1,967 (18.25%) Python
15 1,800 (16.70%) Software Engineering
16 1,798 (16.68%) Git (software)
17 1,740 (16.14%) DevOps
18 1,636 (15.18%) Jenkins
19 1,632 (15.14%) Cucumber
20 1,626 (15.08%) Degree
21 1,559 (14.46%) JIRA
22 1,509 (14.00%) HTML
23 1,447 (13.42%) Amazon AWS
24 1,411 (13.09%) Linux
25 1,334 (12.38%) Software Testing
26 1,278 (11.86%) CSS
27 1,238 (11.49%) Web Services
28 1,202 (11.15%) Microsoft Azure
29 1,197 (11.10%) Test Scripting
30 1,192 (11.06%) SQL Server

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 523 (4.85%) Confluence
2 182 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
3 167 (1.55%) Apache
4 154 (1.43%) CMS
5 132 (1.22%) IIS
6 127 (1.18%) SharePoint
7 109 (1.01%) Apache Spark
8 97 (0.90%) Tomcat
9 86 (0.80%) WebSphere
10 68 (0.63%) nginx
11 64 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
12 59 (0.55%) NServiceBus
13 58 (0.54%) Apache Solr
14 52 (0.48%) MQSeries
15 39 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
16 38 (0.35%) WebLogic
17 33 (0.31%) Ethereum
17 33 (0.31%) WordPress
18 32 (0.30%) Drupal
18 32 (0.30%) JBoss
Applications
1 125 (1.16%) Microsoft Office
2 70 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 69 (0.64%) Chatbot
4 32 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 24 (0.22%) AutoCAD
6 22 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 20 (0.19%) Mingle
8 15 (0.14%) MS Visio
9 8 (0.074%) SPSS
10 7 (0.065%) Microsoft Project
11 6 (0.056%) OmniGraffle
12 5 (0.046%) Adobe Illustrator
13 4 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 4 (0.037%) Simulink
14 2 (0.019%) CATIA
14 2 (0.019%) HipChat
14 2 (0.019%) Maya
15 1 (0.009%) ArchiCAD
15 1 (0.009%) InDesign
15 1 (0.009%) Revit
Business Applications
1 82 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 43 (0.40%) thinkFolio
3 24 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
4 23 (0.21%) Magento
5 16 (0.15%) Odoo
6 15 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
7 13 (0.12%) Temenos T24
8 12 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
9 10 (0.093%) FastStats
9 10 (0.093%) Misys Midas
9 10 (0.093%) Oracle BPM
9 10 (0.093%) Oracle ERP
10 8 (0.074%) Oracle EBS
11 7 (0.065%) SAP Hybris
12 5 (0.046%) SAP Business One
12 5 (0.046%) SAP FI-CA
12 5 (0.046%) SAP PSCD
12 5 (0.046%) Shopify
13 4 (0.037%) Oracle Retail
13 4 (0.037%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,447 (13.42%) Amazon AWS
2 1,202 (11.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 361 (3.35%) SaaS
4 350 (3.25%) GitHub
5 257 (2.38%) Google Cloud Platform
6 192 (1.78%) Serverless
7 177 (1.64%) PaaS
8 155 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
9 127 (1.18%) AWS CloudFormation
10 126 (1.17%) npm
11 122 (1.13%) Amazon EC2
12 88 (0.82%) AWS Lambda
13 84 (0.78%) Amazon S3
14 82 (0.76%) IaaS
15 74 (0.69%) OpenShift
16 65 (0.60%) BrowserStack
17 56 (0.52%) Slack
18 55 (0.51%) Office 365
19 38 (0.35%) Dynamics 365
19 38 (0.35%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 302 (2.80%) HTTP
2 119 (1.10%) TCP/IP
3 98 (0.91%) Internet
4 87 (0.81%) Firewall
5 64 (0.59%) Wireless
6 44 (0.41%) SSL
7 42 (0.39%) DNS
8 29 (0.27%) HTTPS
9 27 (0.25%) RS-485
10 26 (0.24%) Wireshark
11 24 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
12 23 (0.21%) Intranet
13 21 (0.19%) Extranet
14 20 (0.19%) Modbus
15 17 (0.16%) Broadband
15 17 (0.16%) Ethernet
16 16 (0.15%) Bluetooth
16 16 (0.15%) GSM
16 16 (0.15%) LTE
16 16 (0.15%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,192 (11.06%) SQL Server
2 629 (5.84%) NoSQL
3 463 (4.30%) MySQL
4 462 (4.29%) Relational Database
5 402 (3.73%) MongoDB
6 357 (3.31%) PostgreSQL
7 356 (3.30%) Big Data
8 186 (1.73%) Apache Cassandra
9 181 (1.68%) Hadoop
10 174 (1.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 171 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
12 132 (1.22%) SQL Server 2012
13 113 (1.05%) RDBMS
13 113 (1.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 111 (1.03%) Blockchain
15 110 (1.02%) Oracle Database
16 99 (0.92%) Redis
17 84 (0.78%) Apache Hive
18 81 (0.75%) Power BI
19 80 (0.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 3,395 (31.50%) Selenium
2 1,798 (16.68%) Git (software)
3 1,636 (15.18%) Jenkins
4 1,632 (15.14%) Cucumber
5 1,559 (14.46%) JIRA
6 1,095 (10.16%) WebDriver
7 657 (6.10%) SoapUI
8 654 (6.07%) SpecFlow
9 589 (5.46%) Team Foundation Server
10 587 (5.45%) Visual Studio
11 542 (5.03%) JMeter
12 538 (4.99%) JUnit
13 525 (4.87%) TeamCity
14 446 (4.14%) Maven
15 366 (3.40%) NUnit
16 357 (3.31%) Subversion
17 345 (3.20%) Appium
18 287 (2.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 260 (2.41%) Protractor
20 251 (2.33%) HP UFT
General
1 2,295 (21.29%) Finance
2 655 (6.08%) Banking
3 555 (5.15%) Retail
4 340 (3.15%) Games
5 297 (2.76%) Marketing
6 250 (2.32%) Telecoms
7 214 (1.99%) Electronics
8 205 (1.90%) Manufacturing
9 142 (1.32%) Law
10 97 (0.90%) Investment Banking
11 94 (0.87%) Front Office
12 90 (0.83%) Advertising
13 89 (0.83%) Back Office
14 72 (0.67%) Publishing
15 70 (0.65%) Financial Institution
16 58 (0.54%) Legal
17 47 (0.44%) Automotive
18 45 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
19 32 (0.30%) Retail Banking
20 21 (0.19%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 3,138 (29.11%) Developer
2 1,545 (14.33%) Test Engineer
3 1,485 (13.78%) Tester
4 1,369 (12.70%) Analyst
5 1,153 (10.70%) Test Analyst
6 886 (8.22%) Automation Tester
7 877 (8.14%) QA Engineer
8 768 (7.12%) Test Automation Engineer
9 749 (6.95%) Software Engineer
10 624 (5.79%) Java Developer
11 588 (5.46%) Developer in Test
12 585 (5.43%) Software Developer
13 574 (5.33%) Senior Developer
14 554 (5.14%) C# Developer
15 536 (4.97%) .NET Developer
16 451 (4.18%) Software Test Engineer
17 407 (3.78%) Automation Test Analyst
18 366 (3.40%) Software Tester
19 363 (3.37%) Java Engineer
20 355 (3.29%) QA Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,082 (19.32%) .NET
2 1,509 (14.00%) HTML
3 1,278 (11.86%) CSS
4 1,238 (11.49%) Web Services
5 1,124 (10.43%) AngularJS
6 1,110 (10.30%) REST
7 827 (7.67%) Node.js
8 754 (7.00%) React
9 746 (6.92%) RESTful
10 704 (6.53%) ASP.NET
11 672 (6.23%) XML
12 628 (5.83%) Gherkin
13 609 (5.65%) JSON
14 607 (5.63%) HTML5
15 582 (5.40%) SOAP
16 548 (5.08%) Spring
17 488 (4.53%) jQuery
18 452 (4.19%) .NET Framework
18 452 (4.19%) ASP.NET Web API
19 356 (3.30%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 773 (7.17%) Analytical Skills
2 591 (5.48%) Fintech
3 547 (5.07%) User Experience
4 523 (4.85%) Mobile App
5 401 (3.72%) Self-Motivation
6 357 (3.31%) Greenfield Project
7 330 (3.06%) Algorithms
8 225 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
9 188 (1.74%) Management Information System
10 137 (1.27%) Cloud Native
11 123 (1.14%) Public Cloud
12 122 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
13 120 (1.11%) Data Structures
14 116 (1.08%) Virtual Team
15 113 (1.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 90 (0.83%) Fixed Income
17 84 (0.78%) Derivative
18 78 (0.72%) Equities
19 70 (0.65%) N-Tier
20 67 (0.62%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 1,411 (13.09%) Linux
2 855 (7.93%) Windows
3 438 (4.06%) Android
4 373 (3.46%) Unix
5 359 (3.33%) Apple iOS
6 133 (1.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 94 (0.87%) Windows Server
8 74 (0.69%) CentOS
9 69 (0.64%) Ubuntu
10 34 (0.32%) VMS
11 32 (0.30%) Mac OS X
12 27 (0.25%) Mesosphere
13 22 (0.20%) Windows Phone
14 20 (0.19%) Mac OS
15 17 (0.16%) Windows 10
15 17 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
16 16 (0.15%) Debian
17 15 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
18 13 (0.12%) DC/OS
18 13 (0.12%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,938 (64.37%) Agile Software Development
2 2,475 (22.96%) Continuous Integration
3 2,233 (20.72%) Scrum
4 2,194 (20.35%) TDD
5 2,054 (19.06%) BDD
6 1,800 (16.70%) Software Engineering
7 1,740 (16.14%) DevOps
8 1,334 (12.38%) Software Testing
9 1,197 (11.10%) Test Scripting
10 1,187 (11.01%) Microservices
11 1,126 (10.45%) SDLC
12 1,122 (10.41%) Problem-Solving
13 1,107 (10.27%) Manual Testing
14 1,102 (10.22%) Computer Science
15 1,026 (9.52%) Test Strategy
16 1,010 (9.37%) OO
17 939 (8.71%) Mentoring
18 875 (8.12%) Continuous Delivery
19 865 (8.02%) Regression Testing
20 863 (8.01%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 3,943 (36.58%) Java
2 3,502 (32.49%) C#
3 2,854 (26.48%) SQL
4 2,781 (25.80%) JavaScript
5 1,967 (18.25%) Python
6 676 (6.27%) Ruby
7 663 (6.15%) C++
8 534 (4.95%) PHP
9 428 (3.97%) PowerShell
10 412 (3.82%) C
11 370 (3.43%) Bash Shell
12 311 (2.89%) T-SQL
13 294 (2.73%) Go
14 240 (2.23%) Scala
15 222 (2.06%) TypeScript
16 197 (1.83%) Java 8
17 189 (1.75%) Perl
18 183 (1.70%) ES6
19 161 (1.49%) Shell Script
20 146 (1.35%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,626 (15.08%) Degree
2 867 (8.04%) ISTQB
3 590 (5.47%) ISEB
4 480 (4.45%) Computer Science Degree
5 390 (3.62%) Security Cleared
6 279 (2.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 227 (2.11%) SC Cleared
8 130 (1.21%) DV Cleared
9 76 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
10 57 (0.53%) CISSP
11 44 (0.41%) MCSE
12 37 (0.34%) Master's Degree
13 36 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
14 34 (0.32%) GIAC
15 28 (0.26%) SSCP
16 27 (0.25%) PhD
17 25 (0.23%) CCNA
17 25 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
17 25 (0.23%) CompTIA Security+
17 25 (0.23%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3,334 (30.93%) QA
2 54 (0.50%) GDPR
3 45 (0.42%) PMO
4 44 (0.41%) PSD2
5 41 (0.38%) Data Quality
6 24 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 16 (0.15%) SLA
8 15 (0.14%) DICOM
9 14 (0.13%) PCI DSS
10 13 (0.12%) ISO 9000
11 11 (0.10%) WCAG
12 10 (0.093%) ISO 20022
12 10 (0.093%) ISO 8583
12 10 (0.093%) ISO 9001
13 5 (0.046%) Def Stans
13 5 (0.046%) MiFID
13 5 (0.046%) SEPA
14 4 (0.037%) JSP 440
14 4 (0.037%) PMBOK
15 3 (0.028%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 970 (9.00%) Docker
2 144 (1.34%) Active Directory
3 109 (1.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 55 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
5 39 (0.36%) Firmware
6 35 (0.32%) Hyper-V
7 31 (0.29%) vSphere
8 26 (0.24%) oVirt
8 26 (0.24%) RHEV
9 25 (0.23%) Varnish
10 23 (0.21%) Xen
11 19 (0.18%) VirtualBox
12 18 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
13 9 (0.083%) Apache Flume
14 7 (0.065%) KVM
15 5 (0.046%) HDFS
15 5 (0.046%) Squid
15 5 (0.046%) XenDesktop
16 4 (0.037%) NFS
16 4 (0.037%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 493 (4.57%) Puppet
2 451 (4.18%) Kubernetes
3 427 (3.96%) Ansible
4 321 (2.98%) Opscode Chef
5 299 (2.77%) Terraform
6 203 (1.88%) HP Quality Center
7 126 (1.17%) HP ALM
8 66 (0.61%) Prometheus
9 62 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
10 57 (0.53%) Salt
11 52 (0.48%) Packer
12 40 (0.37%) Automic
12 40 (0.37%) Mesos
12 40 (0.37%) Nagios
13 39 (0.36%) Grafana
14 35 (0.32%) Kibana
15 31 (0.29%) Consul
16 28 (0.26%) ZABBIX
17 23 (0.21%) Oozie
18 21 (0.19%) logstash
Vendors
1 1,161 (10.77%) Microsoft
2 674 (6.25%) Oracle
3 333 (3.09%) Google
4 226 (2.10%) SAP
5 213 (1.98%) HP
6 176 (1.63%) Atlassian
7 142 (1.32%) IBM
8 136 (1.26%) WorldPay
9 118 (1.09%) VMware
10 90 (0.83%) Splunk
11 84 (0.78%) Red Hat
12 76 (0.71%) Cadence
13 70 (0.65%) Cognizant
14 68 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
15 60 (0.56%) Xamarin
16 56 (0.52%) New Relic
17 55 (0.51%) TIBCO
18 54 (0.50%) Tableau
19 48 (0.45%) Charles River
20 44 (0.41%) Telerik