Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 33 32 30
Rank change year-on-year -1 -2 +3
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 5,426 7,465 10,405
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 6.43% 6.79% 7.00%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.95% 7.36% 7.58%
Number of salaries quoted 4,134 5,843 7,920
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,800 £32,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £70,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.38% +4.44% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,066 101,391 137,195
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.48% 92.19% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 59,996 81,496 108,890
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 4,879 £60,000 +11.38% 835
UK excluding London -5 2,872 £50,000 +6.38% 569
London +7 2,269 £70,000 +7.69% 323
South East -2 942 £50,000 - 136
Work from Home +4 886 £55,000 +5.77% 165
North of England -12 712 £46,500 +3.33% 148
Yorkshire -5 379 £47,500 +5.56% 68
Midlands -17 347 £47,500 +5.56% 82
South West -24 344 £50,000 +11.11% 79
North West -10 284 £45,000 - 67
West Midlands -20 214 £47,500 +5.56% 58
Scotland -14 211 £44,250 -1.67% 41
East of England +4 191 £57,500 +15.00% 59
East Midlands -15 131 £47,500 +5.56% 23
Northern Ireland +16 53 £42,500 +6.25% 14
North East -16 50 £40,000 -5.88% 13
Wales -26 49 £38,750 -8.82% 11
Isle of Man +3 26 £49,500 -

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3,330 (61.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,805 (33.27%) DevOps
3 1,709 (31.50%) C#
4 1,695 (31.24%) Java
5 1,664 (30.67%) QA
6 1,615 (29.76%) JavaScript
7 1,593 (29.36%) Selenium
8 1,386 (25.54%) Azure
9 1,315 (24.24%) SQL
10 1,180 (21.75%) AWS
11 1,159 (21.36%) Software Testing
12 1,106 (20.38%) .NET
13 1,094 (20.16%) TDD
14 1,087 (20.03%) Python
15 1,059 (19.52%) BDD
16 1,053 (19.41%) Continuous Integration
17 1,043 (19.22%) Microservices
18 1,007 (18.56%) Scrum
19 960 (17.69%) Software Engineering
20 917 (16.90%) Finance
21 888 (16.37%) Docker
22 834 (15.37%) Git (software)
23 790 (14.56%) Degree
24 778 (14.34%) JIRA
25 716 (13.20%) React
26 709 (13.07%) Jenkins
27 681 (12.55%) Mentoring
28 674 (12.42%) Cucumber
29 650 (11.98%) CSS
30 627 (11.56%) SDLC

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 313 (5.77%) Confluence
2 152 (2.80%) SharePoint
3 96 (1.77%) Elasticsearch
4 62 (1.14%) CMS
5 41 (0.76%) Apache
6 36 (0.66%) Apache Spark
7 32 (0.59%) WordPress
8 17 (0.31%) Oracle Workflow
8 17 (0.31%) Tomcat
9 16 (0.29%) OpenStack
10 15 (0.28%) WebSphere
11 14 (0.26%) EPiServer
12 13 (0.24%) Drupal
12 13 (0.24%) IIS
13 12 (0.22%) nginx
14 11 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 10 (0.18%) Headless CMS
16 6 (0.11%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 6 (0.11%) NServiceBus
16 6 (0.11%) WebLogic
Applications
1 55 (1.01%) Microsoft Office
2 43 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 35 (0.65%) InVision
4 24 (0.44%) Sketch
5 17 (0.31%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.24%) Figma
7 11 (0.20%) MS Visio
8 8 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
9 4 (0.074%) Simulink
10 3 (0.055%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 3 (0.055%) Zemax
11 2 (0.037%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.037%) SOLIDWORKS
12 1 (0.018%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.018%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.018%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.018%) PrintSoft PReS
12 1 (0.018%) Spreadsheet
12 1 (0.018%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 90 (1.66%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.31%) NetSuite
3 15 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
4 13 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 9 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
5 9 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
6 8 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 7 (0.13%) Magento
7 7 (0.13%) R3 Corda
8 6 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
9 5 (0.092%) Epicor Tropos
9 5 (0.092%) Oracle BPM
10 4 (0.074%) Adobe Campaign
10 4 (0.074%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 4 (0.074%) Sentinel
10 4 (0.074%) Temenos T24
11 2 (0.037%) Endur
11 2 (0.037%) Oracle ERP
11 2 (0.037%) Remedy ITSM
11 2 (0.037%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,386 (25.54%) Azure
2 1,180 (21.75%) AWS
3 397 (7.32%) SaaS
4 308 (5.68%) Serverless
5 265 (4.88%) GCP
6 209 (3.85%) GitHub
7 189 (3.48%) PaaS
8 143 (2.64%) Power Platform
9 137 (2.52%) AWS Lambda
10 134 (2.47%) Azure Service Bus
11 109 (2.01%) AWS CloudFormation
12 99 (1.82%) Azure Service Fabric
13 94 (1.73%) Azure Active Directory
14 87 (1.60%) Azure Key Vault
15 86 (1.58%) Azure Storage
16 83 (1.53%) Dynamics 365
17 71 (1.31%) BrowserStack
18 70 (1.29%) Azure App Service
19 68 (1.25%) IaaS
20 61 (1.12%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 164 (3.02%) HTTP
2 72 (1.33%) TCP/IP
3 56 (1.03%) Internet
4 52 (0.96%) Broadband
4 52 (0.96%) Wireshark
5 47 (0.87%) Wireless
6 46 (0.85%) Skype
7 43 (0.79%) HTTPS
8 40 (0.74%) Ethernet
9 39 (0.72%) 802.11
9 39 (0.72%) MQTT
10 38 (0.70%) Wi-Fi
11 37 (0.68%) STUN
12 25 (0.46%) DNS
12 25 (0.46%) RTP
13 20 (0.37%) VoIP
14 15 (0.28%) 5G
15 14 (0.26%) Network Security
16 12 (0.22%) Firewall
17 11 (0.20%) DAB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 617 (11.37%) SQL Server
2 354 (6.52%) NoSQL
3 275 (5.07%) Relational Database
4 258 (4.75%) MongoDB
5 214 (3.94%) PostgreSQL
6 198 (3.65%) MySQL
7 136 (2.51%) Big Data
8 102 (1.88%) Redis
9 96 (1.77%) Power BI
10 90 (1.66%) RDBMS
11 82 (1.51%) Azure SQL Database
12 71 (1.31%) Data Warehouse
13 64 (1.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 59 (1.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 58 (1.07%) Blockchain
16 54 (1.00%) Data Lake
17 48 (0.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 44 (0.81%) Apache Cassandra
19 42 (0.77%) Hadoop
20 40 (0.74%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 1,593 (29.36%) Selenium
2 834 (15.37%) Git (software)
3 778 (14.34%) JIRA
4 709 (13.07%) Jenkins
5 674 (12.42%) Cucumber
6 434 (8.00%) Postman
7 378 (6.97%) SpecFlow
8 375 (6.91%) WebDriver
9 316 (5.82%) Cypress.io
10 286 (5.27%) JMeter
11 259 (4.77%) Appium
12 232 (4.28%) Team Foundation Server
13 174 (3.21%) SoapUI
13 174 (3.21%) Visual Studio Team System
14 169 (3.11%) GitLab
15 163 (3.00%) Visual Studio
16 158 (2.91%) JUnit
17 154 (2.84%) TeamCity
18 135 (2.49%) NUnit
19 125 (2.30%) Maven
General
1 917 (16.90%) Finance
2 290 (5.34%) Banking
3 199 (3.67%) Marketing
4 178 (3.28%) Games
5 155 (2.86%) Public Sector
6 154 (2.84%) Retail
7 113 (2.08%) Law
8 104 (1.92%) Telecoms
9 99 (1.82%) Legal
10 81 (1.49%) Electronics
11 58 (1.07%) Automotive
12 51 (0.94%) Advertising
12 51 (0.94%) Manufacturing
13 49 (0.90%) Publishing
14 42 (0.77%) Front Office
15 40 (0.74%) Back Office
16 34 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
17 33 (0.61%) Investment Banking
18 29 (0.53%) Financial Institution
19 16 (0.29%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,565 (28.84%) Developer
2 566 (10.43%) Test Engineer
3 516 (9.51%) Tester
4 515 (9.49%) Software Engineer
5 469 (8.64%) QA Engineer
6 427 (7.87%) Senior Developer
7 370 (6.82%) Analyst
8 321 (5.92%) Automation Tester
9 307 (5.66%) C# Developer
10 286 (5.27%) Test Analyst
11 283 (5.22%) DevOps Engineer
12 273 (5.03%) Software Developer
13 267 (4.92%) Test Automation Engineer
14 232 (4.28%) .NET Developer
15 230 (4.24%) Automation Engineer
16 212 (3.91%) Java Developer
17 204 (3.76%) Full Stack Developer
18 172 (3.17%) C# .NET Developer
19 171 (3.15%) Java Engineer
20 170 (3.13%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,106 (20.38%) .NET
2 716 (13.20%) React
3 650 (11.98%) CSS
4 623 (11.48%) REST
5 567 (10.45%) HTML
6 513 (9.45%) Web Services
7 500 (9.21%) Node.js
8 494 (9.10%) RESTful
9 428 (7.89%) .NET Core
10 414 (7.63%) AngularJS
11 338 (6.23%) .NET Framework
12 292 (5.38%) jQuery
13 264 (4.87%) ASP.NET Web API
14 259 (4.77%) Spring
15 254 (4.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 251 (4.63%) HTML5
17 250 (4.61%) Kafka
18 249 (4.59%) Gherkin
19 246 (4.53%) JSON
20 203 (3.74%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 442 (8.15%) Mobile App
2 354 (6.52%) Analytical Skills
3 307 (5.66%) User Experience
4 156 (2.88%) Self-Motivation
5 149 (2.75%) Greenfield Project
6 135 (2.49%) N-Tier
7 127 (2.34%) Enterprise Software
8 121 (2.23%) Algorithms
8 121 (2.23%) Virtual Team
9 103 (1.90%) Management Information System
10 100 (1.84%) Cloud Native
10 100 (1.84%) Organisational Skills
11 83 (1.53%) Data Structures
12 73 (1.35%) EPoS
13 57 (1.05%) Blog
14 53 (0.98%) Reinsurance
15 50 (0.92%) Public Cloud
16 49 (0.90%) Cyberattack
17 40 (0.74%) NHS
17 40 (0.74%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 591 (10.89%) Linux
2 322 (5.93%) Windows
3 232 (4.28%) Android
4 213 (3.93%) Apple iOS
5 145 (2.67%) Unix
6 61 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 51 (0.94%) CentOS
8 11 (0.20%) Windows Server
9 10 (0.18%) Debian
9 10 (0.18%) Mac OS
9 10 (0.18%) VMS
10 8 (0.15%) Mac OS X
10 8 (0.15%) Ubuntu
11 7 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
12 2 (0.037%) Fedora
12 2 (0.037%) Kali Linux
12 2 (0.037%) SUSE
13 1 (0.018%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.018%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.018%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,330 (61.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,805 (33.27%) DevOps
3 1,159 (21.36%) Software Testing
4 1,094 (20.16%) TDD
5 1,059 (19.52%) BDD
6 1,053 (19.41%) Continuous Integration
7 1,043 (19.22%) Microservices
8 1,007 (18.56%) Scrum
9 960 (17.69%) Software Engineering
10 681 (12.55%) Mentoring
11 627 (11.56%) SDLC
12 595 (10.97%) Problem-Solving
13 515 (9.49%) SDET
14 485 (8.94%) Fintech
15 482 (8.88%) OO
16 472 (8.70%) Computer Science
17 435 (8.02%) API Testing
18 420 (7.74%) Continuous Improvement
19 400 (7.37%) Manual Testing
20 396 (7.30%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,709 (31.50%) C#
2 1,695 (31.24%) Java
3 1,615 (29.76%) JavaScript
4 1,315 (24.24%) SQL
5 1,087 (20.03%) Python
6 461 (8.50%) TypeScript
7 333 (6.14%) C++
8 257 (4.74%) PowerShell
9 231 (4.26%) C
10 195 (3.59%) T-SQL
11 174 (3.21%) Ruby
12 168 (3.10%) PHP
13 161 (2.97%) Go
14 145 (2.67%) Bash Shell
15 142 (2.62%) Scala
16 117 (2.16%) Java 8
17 99 (1.82%) ES6
18 92 (1.70%) Kotlin
19 72 (1.33%) Shell Script
20 60 (1.11%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 790 (14.56%) Degree
2 340 (6.27%) ISTQB
3 278 (5.12%) Security Cleared
4 231 (4.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 205 (3.78%) SC Cleared
6 191 (3.52%) ISEB
7 160 (2.95%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 64 (1.18%) DV Cleared
9 30 (0.55%) HND
10 29 (0.53%) SANS
11 27 (0.50%) HNC
12 25 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
13 24 (0.44%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 17 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
15 13 (0.24%) AWS Certification
16 11 (0.20%) CISSP
16 11 (0.20%) Master's Degree
17 10 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
17 10 (0.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
18 7 (0.13%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,664 (30.67%) QA
2 47 (0.87%) Data Quality
3 32 (0.59%) WCAG
4 30 (0.55%) GDPR
5 16 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.29%) MISRA
6 13 (0.24%) ISO 9001
7 10 (0.18%) MISRA C
8 7 (0.13%) PMO
9 6 (0.11%) GRC
9 6 (0.11%) NIST
10 5 (0.092%) COSO
10 5 (0.092%) Def Stans
10 5 (0.092%) GAMP
10 5 (0.092%) NIST 800
10 5 (0.092%) SLA
11 4 (0.074%) IEC 61508
11 4 (0.074%) IEC 62304
11 4 (0.074%) ISO 26262
12 3 (0.055%) MiFID
System Software
1 888 (16.37%) Docker
2 59 (1.09%) Active Directory
3 35 (0.65%) Firmware
4 27 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (0.29%) NDS
5 16 (0.29%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 11 (0.20%) Hyper-V
6 11 (0.20%) KVM
7 8 (0.15%) vSphere
8 7 (0.13%) Kamailio
8 7 (0.13%) LXC
8 7 (0.13%) OpenSIPS
8 7 (0.13%) Xen
9 5 (0.092%) Virtual Machines
10 4 (0.074%) HDFS
11 3 (0.055%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.055%) VirtualBox
11 3 (0.055%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.037%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.037%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 625 (11.52%) Kubernetes
2 450 (8.29%) Terraform
3 300 (5.53%) Ansible
4 221 (4.07%) Opscode Chef
5 168 (3.10%) Puppet
6 77 (1.42%) Kibana
7 54 (1.00%) HP Quality Center
8 44 (0.81%) Prometheus
9 39 (0.72%) Graylog
10 33 (0.61%) Istio
10 33 (0.61%) Packer
11 27 (0.50%) Grafana
12 20 (0.37%) Fortio
12 20 (0.37%) Kiali
13 17 (0.31%) Nagios
14 16 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
14 16 (0.29%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 10 (0.18%) Salt
16 9 (0.17%) HP Fortify
17 8 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 594 (10.95%) Microsoft
2 196 (3.61%) Oracle
3 172 (3.17%) Google
4 87 (1.60%) Nintex
5 76 (1.40%) VMware
6 73 (1.35%) IBM
7 70 (1.29%) Xamarin
8 63 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
9 60 (1.11%) Splunk
10 53 (0.98%) Red Hat
11 50 (0.92%) SAP
12 47 (0.87%) Atlassian
13 43 (0.79%) HP
14 42 (0.77%) Databricks
15 33 (0.61%) Adobe
16 30 (0.55%) Apple
17 28 (0.52%) Dynatrace
18 26 (0.48%) AppDynamics
19 25 (0.46%) ServiceNow
20 21 (0.39%) Dell