Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 36 33 33
Rank change year-on-year -3 0 -3
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 8,927 3,438 9,102
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 7.02% 6.93% 6.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.46% 7.44% 7.17%
Number of salaries quoted 5,297 2,771 7,065
10th Percentile £37,000 £32,500 £32,219
25th Percentile £45,000 £40,000 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £73,750 £70,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £91,250 £80,000 £82,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 119,742 46,190 126,882
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.19% 93.06% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 79,117 38,578 101,498
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,077
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 7,836 £58,000 +5.45% 1,318
London +5 4,170 £70,000 +3.70% 500
UK excluding London -9 4,042 £50,000 +5.26% 966
Work from Home +5 1,885 £57,500 +9.52% 298
South East -9 1,360 £52,500 +5.00% 214
North of England -7 1,021 £50,000 +11.11% 264
Midlands -10 504 £50,000 +11.11% 132
North West +3 494 £50,000 -1.96% 150
Yorkshire -9 468 £52,500 +16.67% 84
South West -19 437 £48,000 +16.69% 103
Scotland +5 354 £50,000 +17.65% 96
West Midlands -15 295 £50,000 +8.11% 80
East Midlands +3 209 £49,750 +17.06% 52
East of England -31 168 £60,000 +33.33% 101
Wales -7 130 £42,630 +4.61% 43
Northern Ireland -4 87 £61,250 +53.13% 14
North East -24 63 £45,000 - 30
Isle of Man - 4 £37,500 -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 5,538 (62.04%) Agile Software Development
2 3,156 (35.35%) Java
3 2,843 (31.85%) JavaScript
4 2,791 (31.26%) DevOps
5 2,737 (30.66%) QA
6 2,454 (27.49%) C#
7 2,318 (25.97%) AWS
8 2,279 (25.53%) Software Engineering
9 2,187 (24.50%) SQL
10 2,152 (24.11%) Selenium
11 2,132 (23.88%) Azure
12 1,993 (22.33%) Microservices
13 1,941 (21.74%) Python
14 1,906 (21.35%) Social Skills
15 1,883 (21.09%) Git (software)
16 1,762 (19.74%) Docker
17 1,744 (19.54%) Software Testing
18 1,730 (19.38%) React
19 1,717 (19.23%) TDD
20 1,650 (18.48%) Finance
21 1,598 (17.90%) Continuous Integration
22 1,584 (17.74%) Scrum
23 1,487 (16.66%) BDD
24 1,450 (16.24%) Node.js
25 1,373 (15.38%) Jenkins
26 1,368 (15.32%) .NET
27 1,350 (15.12%) Kubernetes
28 1,222 (13.69%) REST
29 1,203 (13.48%) Mentoring
30 1,184 (13.26%) TypeScript

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 435 (4.87%) Confluence
2 185 (2.07%) CMS
3 158 (1.77%) Elasticsearch
4 125 (1.40%) Apache
5 124 (1.39%) Apache Spark
6 85 (0.95%) SharePoint
7 70 (0.78%) EPiServer
8 54 (0.60%) IIS
9 45 (0.50%) nginx
10 32 (0.36%) WordPress
11 31 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
12 29 (0.32%) Headless CMS
13 21 (0.24%) Drupal
13 21 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
14 20 (0.22%) GemFire
14 20 (0.22%) MS Exchange
14 20 (0.22%) Oracle Coherence
15 19 (0.21%) BizTalk Server
15 19 (0.21%) JBoss
16 18 (0.20%) WebSphere
Applications
1 65 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
2 47 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (0.44%) Figma
4 35 (0.39%) Sketch
5 28 (0.31%) InVision
6 23 (0.26%) MS Visio
7 17 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.11%) Adobe Premiere
8 10 (0.11%) Final Cut Pro
8 10 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
9 9 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 9 (0.10%) SOLIDWORKS
9 9 (0.10%) Zeplin
10 8 (0.090%) Chatbot
11 7 (0.078%) Photoshop
12 5 (0.056%) Zemax
13 3 (0.034%) Mingle
14 2 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
15 1 (0.011%) Adobe XD
15 1 (0.011%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 87 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 46 (0.52%) Magento
3 39 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
4 23 (0.26%) Shopify
5 19 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
6 18 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
7 17 (0.19%) R3 Corda
8 14 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
9 12 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
10 10 (0.11%) NetSuite
11 9 (0.10%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 9 (0.10%) WebTrends
12 8 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
13 6 (0.067%) Summit
14 5 (0.056%) SAP ERP
14 5 (0.056%) SDL Web 8
14 5 (0.056%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
15 4 (0.045%) Sentinel
16 3 (0.034%) Dynamics AX
17 2 (0.022%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 2,318 (25.97%) AWS
2 2,132 (23.88%) Azure
3 912 (10.22%) Serverless
4 684 (7.66%) GitHub
5 627 (7.02%) SaaS
6 598 (6.70%) GCP
7 466 (5.22%) AWS Lambda
8 253 (2.83%) Amazon ECS
9 243 (2.72%) Amazon S3
10 223 (2.50%) Amazon EC2
11 214 (2.40%) PaaS
12 192 (2.15%) OpenShift
13 161 (1.80%) AWS CloudFormation
14 154 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
14 154 (1.73%) Power Platform
15 151 (1.69%) Amazon SQS
16 139 (1.56%) Amazon EKS
17 119 (1.33%) npm
18 94 (1.05%) IaaS
19 92 (1.03%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 413 (4.63%) HTTP
2 139 (1.56%) Broadband
3 108 (1.21%) Internet
4 66 (0.74%) TCP/IP
5 47 (0.53%) Network Security
6 44 (0.49%) Firewall
7 37 (0.41%) Wireshark
8 36 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
9 33 (0.37%) HTTPS
9 33 (0.37%) SSL
10 32 (0.36%) MQTT
10 32 (0.36%) Wireless
11 29 (0.32%) 802.11
12 26 (0.29%) Ethernet
12 26 (0.29%) STUN
13 23 (0.26%) VPN
14 18 (0.20%) DNS
15 17 (0.19%) BGP
15 17 (0.19%) MPLS
16 16 (0.18%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 759 (8.50%) NoSQL
2 758 (8.49%) PostgreSQL
3 724 (8.11%) SQL Server
4 553 (6.19%) MongoDB
5 546 (6.12%) Relational Database
6 513 (5.75%) MySQL
7 354 (3.97%) Redis
8 345 (3.86%) Big Data
9 268 (3.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 211 (2.36%) Amazon Aurora
11 154 (1.73%) Apache Cassandra
12 137 (1.53%) Power BI
13 135 (1.51%) Amazon Athena
14 133 (1.49%) Data Lake
15 129 (1.45%) Amazon RDS
16 122 (1.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 104 (1.17%) Hadoop
18 103 (1.15%) Data Warehouse
19 94 (1.05%) Blockchain
20 93 (1.04%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 2,152 (24.11%) Selenium
2 1,883 (21.09%) Git (software)
3 1,373 (15.38%) Jenkins
4 1,170 (13.11%) JIRA
5 865 (9.69%) Cucumber
6 754 (8.45%) Postman
7 676 (7.57%) Cypress.io
8 548 (6.14%) SpecFlow
9 524 (5.87%) JMeter
9 524 (5.87%) WebDriver
10 366 (4.10%) JUnit
11 340 (3.81%) GitLab
12 315 (3.53%) REST Assured
13 306 (3.43%) TeamCity
14 235 (2.63%) Appium
15 232 (2.60%) Bitbucket
16 229 (2.57%) SoapUI
17 223 (2.50%) webpack
18 212 (2.37%) Maven
19 186 (2.08%) CircleCI
General
1 1,906 (21.35%) Social Skills
2 1,650 (18.48%) Finance
3 653 (7.31%) Banking
4 520 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
5 465 (5.21%) Retail
6 320 (3.58%) Games
7 300 (3.36%) Marketing
8 245 (2.74%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 245 (2.74%) Public Sector
9 200 (2.24%) Law
10 175 (1.96%) Legal
11 164 (1.84%) Telecoms
12 122 (1.37%) Electronics
13 117 (1.31%) Presentation Skills
14 95 (1.06%) Influencing Skills
14 95 (1.06%) Manufacturing
15 88 (0.99%) Advertising
16 77 (0.86%) Pharmaceutical
17 76 (0.85%) Organisational Skills
18 69 (0.77%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,372 (26.57%) Developer
2 1,232 (13.80%) Software Engineer
3 879 (9.85%) Test Engineer
4 730 (8.18%) Tester
5 596 (6.68%) Analyst
6 586 (6.56%) QA Engineer
7 550 (6.16%) Senior Developer
8 471 (5.28%) Test Analyst
9 409 (4.58%) Test Automation Engineer
10 391 (4.38%) Automation Tester
11 364 (4.08%) Senior Software Engineer
12 356 (3.99%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 338 (3.79%) Java Developer
14 325 (3.64%) Software Developer
15 320 (3.58%) Java Engineer
16 316 (3.54%) Full Stack Developer
17 292 (3.27%) Automation Engineer
18 271 (3.04%) DevOps Engineer
19 243 (2.72%) Automation Test Analyst
20 232 (2.60%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,730 (19.38%) React
2 1,450 (16.24%) Node.js
3 1,368 (15.32%) .NET
4 1,222 (13.69%) REST
5 1,099 (12.31%) HTML
6 1,078 (12.08%) RESTful
7 1,074 (12.03%) CSS
8 950 (10.64%) Web Services
9 825 (9.24%) AngularJS
10 593 (6.64%) Spring
11 564 (6.32%) GraphQL
12 552 (6.18%) Kafka
13 512 (5.74%) .NET Core
14 421 (4.72%) HTML5
15 381 (4.27%) Redux
16 373 (4.18%) JSON
17 356 (3.99%) Vue.js
17 356 (3.99%) XML
18 349 (3.91%) .NET Framework
19 331 (3.71%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 895 (10.03%) User Experience
2 519 (5.81%) Mobile App
3 398 (4.46%) Cloud Native
4 373 (4.18%) Self-Motivation
5 247 (2.77%) Algorithms
6 242 (2.71%) Greenfield Project
7 179 (2.01%) Data Structures
8 158 (1.77%) Hedge funds
9 155 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
10 145 (1.62%) Virtual Team
11 139 (1.56%) Pricing Data
12 110 (1.23%) Social Media
13 87 (0.97%) Client/Server
13 87 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
14 83 (0.93%) Management Information System
15 74 (0.83%) NHS
16 70 (0.78%) Blog
17 67 (0.75%) Public Cloud
18 66 (0.74%) SWIFT
19 64 (0.72%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 785 (8.79%) Linux
2 427 (4.78%) Windows
3 395 (4.42%) Android
4 348 (3.90%) Apple iOS
5 249 (2.79%) Unix
6 72 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 64 (0.72%) CentOS
8 37 (0.41%) Mac OS
9 35 (0.39%) zOS
10 31 (0.35%) VMS
11 24 (0.27%) Windows Server
12 23 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
13 21 (0.24%) Ubuntu
14 10 (0.11%) CoreOS
15 5 (0.056%) Debian
15 5 (0.056%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.056%) Windows Server 2012
15 5 (0.056%) Windows Server 2019
16 4 (0.045%) watchOS
16 4 (0.045%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,538 (62.04%) Agile Software Development
2 2,791 (31.26%) DevOps
3 2,279 (25.53%) Software Engineering
4 1,993 (22.33%) Microservices
5 1,744 (19.54%) Software Testing
6 1,717 (19.23%) TDD
7 1,598 (17.90%) Continuous Integration
8 1,584 (17.74%) Scrum
9 1,487 (16.66%) BDD
10 1,203 (13.48%) Mentoring
11 1,013 (11.35%) Problem-Solving
12 955 (10.70%) SDLC
13 924 (10.35%) Full Stack Development
14 749 (8.39%) Manual Testing
15 748 (8.38%) Computer Science
16 725 (8.12%) Continuous Improvement
17 722 (8.09%) OO
18 706 (7.91%) API Testing
19 701 (7.85%) Unit Testing
20 693 (7.76%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 3,156 (35.35%) Java
2 2,843 (31.85%) JavaScript
3 2,454 (27.49%) C#
4 2,187 (24.50%) SQL
5 1,941 (21.74%) Python
6 1,184 (13.26%) TypeScript
7 350 (3.92%) Scala
8 346 (3.88%) C++
9 344 (3.85%) C
10 311 (3.48%) Go
11 306 (3.43%) PHP
11 306 (3.43%) PowerShell
12 301 (3.37%) Ruby
13 238 (2.67%) ES6
14 234 (2.62%) Kotlin
15 188 (2.11%) Bash Shell
16 174 (1.95%) Java 8
17 148 (1.66%) Shell Script
18 126 (1.41%) T-SQL
19 117 (1.31%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,040 (11.65%) Degree
2 435 (4.87%) Security Cleared
3 398 (4.46%) ISTQB
4 341 (3.82%) SC Cleared
5 323 (3.62%) Computer Science Degree
6 198 (2.22%) ISEB
7 153 (1.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 101 (1.13%) Master's Degree
9 58 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
10 47 (0.53%) AWS Certification
11 34 (0.38%) BPSS Clearance
11 34 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
12 27 (0.30%) SANS
13 26 (0.29%) OCP
13 26 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
13 26 (0.29%) PhD
14 21 (0.24%) CCNP
14 21 (0.24%) DBS Check
15 19 (0.21%) DV Cleared
16 18 (0.20%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,737 (30.66%) QA
2 294 (3.29%) Accessibility
3 53 (0.59%) SLA
4 49 (0.55%) GDPR
5 44 (0.49%) WCAG
6 29 (0.32%) Data Quality
7 28 (0.31%) PMO
8 24 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 24 (0.27%) PSD2
9 16 (0.18%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 13 (0.15%) Good Clinical Practice
11 9 (0.10%) ISO 20022
12 8 (0.090%) DICOM
13 7 (0.078%) ISO 13485
14 6 (0.067%) ISO 15022
15 5 (0.056%) PCI DSS
15 5 (0.056%) SEPA
16 4 (0.045%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 3 (0.034%) NCSC
17 3 (0.034%) NIST
System Software
1 1,762 (19.74%) Docker
2 85 (0.95%) Active Directory
3 45 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
4 29 (0.32%) HDFS
5 24 (0.27%) Firmware
6 18 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
7 14 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 12 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
9 11 (0.12%) ISA Server
10 6 (0.067%) NDS
10 6 (0.067%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 5 (0.056%) LXC
11 5 (0.056%) Snort
11 5 (0.056%) Varnish
12 3 (0.034%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.034%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 3 (0.034%) vSphere
12 3 (0.034%) zsh
13 2 (0.022%) NFS
13 2 (0.022%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,350 (15.12%) Kubernetes
2 699 (7.83%) Terraform
3 431 (4.83%) Ansible
4 245 (2.74%) Opscode Chef
5 198 (2.22%) Puppet
6 111 (1.24%) Prometheus
7 75 (0.84%) Grafana
8 74 (0.83%) Kibana
9 57 (0.64%) HP Quality Center
10 46 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
11 43 (0.48%) Istio
12 42 (0.47%) HP ALM
13 35 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
14 32 (0.36%) logstash
15 28 (0.31%) Rancher
16 26 (0.29%) Graylog
16 26 (0.29%) Mesos
17 25 (0.28%) Packer
18 21 (0.24%) Apache Brooklyn
19 18 (0.20%) Consul
Vendors
1 689 (7.72%) Microsoft
2 436 (4.88%) Oracle
3 351 (3.93%) Google
4 118 (1.32%) Cognizant
5 113 (1.27%) SAP
6 112 (1.25%) IBM
7 94 (1.05%) HP
8 83 (0.93%) Splunk
9 81 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
10 80 (0.90%) Red Hat
11 77 (0.86%) Atlassian
11 77 (0.86%) Databricks
12 73 (0.82%) New Relic
13 61 (0.68%) VMware
14 59 (0.66%) Samsung
14 59 (0.66%) Xamarin
15 55 (0.62%) Apple
16 51 (0.57%) Palantir
17 43 (0.48%) Cisco
18 38 (0.43%) ServiceNow