Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 28 30 36
Rank change year-on-year +2 +6 +8
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 9,588 11,722 11,044
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.77% 6.99% 6.26%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.35% 7.61% 6.78%
Number of salaries quoted 7,274 9,141 8,683
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,389
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.33% +7.53%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 130,407 153,946 162,809
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.10% 91.77% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 102,344 122,604 128,581
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 8,760 £52,500 +5.00% 1,232
UK excluding London +3 5,913 £45,000 - 971
London -5 3,533 £65,000 +6.56% 383
South East 0 1,632 £50,000 +5.26% 219
North of England 0 1,484 £45,000 - 244
South West +7 873 £45,000 - 123
North West +6 862 £46,138 +8.56% 109
Midlands -4 694 £42,500 -5.56% 143
East of England +5 531 £52,000 +9.47% 121
Yorkshire -20 512 £45,000 - 105
Scotland -7 448 £45,000 -1.10% 83
West Midlands +5 348 £42,500 -10.53% 81
East Midlands -1 343 £42,500 - 62
Wales +7 209 £40,000 +1.27% 34
North East +19 109 £39,000 -19.59% 30
Northern Ireland +6 56 £45,000 -2.70% 5

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 5,976 (62.33%) Agile Software Development
2 3,413 (35.60%) Java
3 3,101 (32.34%) C#
4 3,058 (31.89%) Selenium
5 2,904 (30.29%) QA
6 2,348 (24.49%) SQL
7 2,207 (23.02%) JavaScript
8 2,098 (21.88%) DevOps
9 2,094 (21.84%) Scrum
10 2,003 (20.89%) Continuous Integration
11 1,984 (20.69%) TDD
12 1,891 (19.72%) BDD
13 1,843 (19.22%) .NET
14 1,770 (18.46%) Python
15 1,746 (18.21%) Finance
16 1,636 (17.06%) Git (software)
17 1,628 (16.98%) Azure
18 1,572 (16.40%) AWS
19 1,547 (16.13%) Software Engineering
20 1,538 (16.04%) JIRA
21 1,437 (14.99%) Jenkins
22 1,430 (14.91%) Cucumber
23 1,296 (13.52%) SDLC
24 1,200 (12.52%) Degree
25 1,174 (12.24%) Software Testing
26 1,125 (11.73%) Linux
27 1,085 (11.32%) Microsoft
28 1,079 (11.25%) Mentoring
29 1,074 (11.20%) Docker
30 1,064 (11.10%) Manual Testing

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 539 (5.62%) Confluence
2 144 (1.50%) SharePoint
3 141 (1.47%) Elasticsearch
4 133 (1.39%) Apache
5 120 (1.25%) Apache Spark
6 98 (1.02%) IIS
7 95 (0.99%) CMS
8 90 (0.94%) Tomcat
9 85 (0.89%) WebSphere
10 70 (0.73%) nginx
11 63 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
12 57 (0.59%) NServiceBus
13 42 (0.44%) OpenStack
14 39 (0.41%) JBoss
15 38 (0.40%) SAS
16 33 (0.34%) WordPress
17 31 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
18 29 (0.30%) Drupal
19 27 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
20 25 (0.26%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 95 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
2 70 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
3 27 (0.28%) Chatbot
4 19 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 11 (0.11%) MS Visio
7 9 (0.094%) SPSS
8 6 (0.063%) Microsoft Project
9 5 (0.052%) CATIA
9 5 (0.052%) InfoPath
10 4 (0.042%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 4 (0.042%) FileZilla
10 4 (0.042%) Photoshop
10 4 (0.042%) Sketch
10 4 (0.042%) Zeplin
11 3 (0.031%) Adobe Premiere
12 2 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.021%) InVision
13 1 (0.010%) ArchiCAD
13 1 (0.010%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 130 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 63 (0.66%) Payment Gateway
3 21 (0.22%) Magento
4 19 (0.20%) SAP ERP
5 10 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
6 9 (0.094%) SDL Web 8
7 7 (0.073%) Oracle EBS
8 6 (0.063%) FastStats
8 6 (0.063%) Fredhopper
9 5 (0.052%) ENOVIA
9 5 (0.052%) Misys Midas
9 5 (0.052%) Oracle BPM
9 5 (0.052%) RMDS
9 5 (0.052%) SAP S/4HANA
10 4 (0.042%) Dynamics AX
10 4 (0.042%) Oracle ERP
10 4 (0.042%) Oracle Financials
10 4 (0.042%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 3 (0.031%) ION MarketView
11 3 (0.031%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 1,628 (16.98%) Azure
2 1,572 (16.40%) AWS
3 398 (4.15%) SaaS
4 397 (4.14%) GCP
5 279 (2.91%) Serverless
6 248 (2.59%) GitHub
7 214 (2.23%) PaaS
8 183 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
9 166 (1.73%) AWS CloudFormation
10 129 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
11 113 (1.18%) IaaS
12 93 (0.97%) BrowserStack
13 91 (0.95%) Slack
14 88 (0.92%) Office 365
15 81 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
16 73 (0.76%) Power Platform
17 71 (0.74%) G Suite
18 66 (0.69%) Sauce Labs
19 65 (0.68%) Amazon S3
19 65 (0.68%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 171 (1.78%) HTTP
2 128 (1.34%) Broadband
3 101 (1.05%) TCP/IP
4 83 (0.87%) Firewall
4 83 (0.87%) Internet
5 54 (0.56%) DNS
6 41 (0.43%) VPN
7 40 (0.42%) SSH
8 38 (0.40%) Wireless
9 35 (0.37%) HTTPS
10 26 (0.27%) DHCP
11 25 (0.26%) Network Security
12 23 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
13 19 (0.20%) IPsec
14 18 (0.19%) Skype
14 18 (0.19%) Wireshark
15 17 (0.18%) SSL
15 17 (0.18%) VLAN
16 16 (0.17%) SNMP
17 15 (0.16%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,037 (10.82%) SQL Server
2 445 (4.64%) NoSQL
3 438 (4.57%) MySQL
4 340 (3.55%) Relational Database
5 321 (3.35%) Big Data
6 308 (3.21%) MongoDB
7 219 (2.28%) PostgreSQL
8 192 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
9 126 (1.31%) Redis
10 125 (1.30%) Hadoop
11 121 (1.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 96 (1.00%) Apache Cassandra
13 93 (0.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 82 (0.86%) RDBMS
15 77 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 73 (0.76%) Power BI
17 67 (0.70%) Blockchain
18 64 (0.67%) Oracle Database
19 63 (0.66%) Data Lake
20 61 (0.64%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3,058 (31.89%) Selenium
2 1,636 (17.06%) Git (software)
3 1,538 (16.04%) JIRA
4 1,437 (14.99%) Jenkins
5 1,430 (14.91%) Cucumber
6 1,013 (10.57%) WebDriver
7 716 (7.47%) SpecFlow
8 527 (5.50%) SoapUI
9 450 (4.69%) JMeter
10 440 (4.59%) Maven
11 436 (4.55%) Team Foundation Server
12 435 (4.54%) TeamCity
13 419 (4.37%) JUnit
14 416 (4.34%) Visual Studio
15 359 (3.74%) Appium
16 268 (2.80%) Visual Studio Team System
17 241 (2.51%) Bitbucket
18 240 (2.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 234 (2.44%) Subversion
20 226 (2.36%) NUnit
General
1 1,746 (18.21%) Finance
2 510 (5.32%) Retail
3 504 (5.26%) Banking
4 306 (3.19%) Public Sector
5 284 (2.96%) Games
6 275 (2.87%) Marketing
7 253 (2.64%) Telecoms
8 150 (1.56%) Electronics
9 147 (1.53%) Manufacturing
10 134 (1.40%) Front Office
11 110 (1.15%) Law
12 96 (1.00%) Advertising
13 76 (0.79%) Legal
14 65 (0.68%) Financial Institution
15 61 (0.64%) Investment Banking
16 51 (0.53%) Aerospace
17 38 (0.40%) Automotive
17 38 (0.40%) Back Office
18 30 (0.31%) Billing
19 28 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,724 (28.41%) Developer
2 1,364 (14.23%) Test Engineer
3 1,139 (11.88%) Analyst
4 1,026 (10.70%) Tester
5 888 (9.26%) Test Analyst
6 756 (7.88%) QA Engineer
7 716 (7.47%) Software Engineer
8 643 (6.71%) Test Automation Engineer
9 624 (6.51%) Senior Developer
10 562 (5.86%) Automation Tester
11 561 (5.85%) Software Developer
12 475 (4.95%) DevOps Engineer
13 447 (4.66%) Java Developer
14 428 (4.46%) Developer in Test
15 402 (4.19%) C# Developer
16 386 (4.03%) .NET Developer
17 352 (3.67%) Test Leader
18 350 (3.65%) Automation Test Analyst
19 320 (3.34%) Software Test Engineer
20 308 (3.21%) Senior Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,843 (19.22%) .NET
2 1,049 (10.94%) HTML
3 972 (10.14%) REST
4 957 (9.98%) CSS
5 952 (9.93%) Web Services
6 794 (8.28%) React
7 775 (8.08%) Node.js
8 754 (7.86%) AngularJS
9 652 (6.80%) RESTful
10 495 (5.16%) SOAP
11 489 (5.10%) Spring
12 465 (4.85%) Gherkin
13 441 (4.60%) ASP.NET
14 438 (4.57%) JSON
15 436 (4.55%) .NET Framework
16 421 (4.39%) XML
17 341 (3.56%) HTML5
18 318 (3.32%) .NET Core
19 311 (3.24%) ASP.NET Web API
20 296 (3.09%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 689 (7.19%) Analytical Skills
2 639 (6.66%) Mobile App
3 540 (5.63%) User Experience
4 325 (3.39%) Greenfield Project
5 312 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
6 226 (2.36%) Algorithms
7 187 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
8 136 (1.42%) Virtual Team
9 134 (1.40%) Public Cloud
10 125 (1.30%) Cloud Native
11 114 (1.19%) Data Structures
12 113 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
13 90 (0.94%) Management Information System
14 81 (0.84%) Fixed Income
15 71 (0.74%) Robotics
16 68 (0.71%) Embedded Systems
17 64 (0.67%) Client/Server
17 64 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 61 (0.64%) Data Centre
19 58 (0.60%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 1,125 (11.73%) Linux
2 751 (7.83%) Windows
3 422 (4.40%) Android
4 359 (3.74%) Apple iOS
5 282 (2.94%) Unix
6 111 (1.16%) Windows Server
7 80 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 73 (0.76%) CentOS
9 66 (0.69%) Ubuntu
10 47 (0.49%) Mac OS
11 30 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
12 26 (0.27%) Mesosphere
13 23 (0.24%) Windows 10
14 20 (0.21%) SUSE
15 15 (0.16%) zOS
16 13 (0.14%) Mac OS X
17 10 (0.10%) Debian
17 10 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
17 10 (0.10%) Fedora
18 8 (0.083%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,976 (62.33%) Agile Software Development
2 2,098 (21.88%) DevOps
3 2,094 (21.84%) Scrum
4 2,003 (20.89%) Continuous Integration
5 1,984 (20.69%) TDD
6 1,891 (19.72%) BDD
7 1,547 (16.13%) Software Engineering
8 1,296 (13.52%) SDLC
9 1,174 (12.24%) Software Testing
10 1,079 (11.25%) Mentoring
11 1,064 (11.10%) Manual Testing
12 1,063 (11.09%) Test Scripting
13 1,001 (10.44%) Problem-Solving
14 952 (9.93%) Test Strategy
15 937 (9.77%) Microservices
16 822 (8.57%) OO
17 818 (8.53%) Computer Science
18 662 (6.90%) Functional Testing
19 654 (6.82%) Regression Testing
20 651 (6.79%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 3,413 (35.60%) Java
2 3,101 (32.34%) C#
3 2,348 (24.49%) SQL
4 2,207 (23.02%) JavaScript
5 1,770 (18.46%) Python
6 568 (5.92%) Ruby
7 555 (5.79%) C++
8 476 (4.96%) PHP
9 396 (4.13%) PowerShell
10 367 (3.83%) C
11 314 (3.27%) Bash Shell
12 280 (2.92%) TypeScript
13 256 (2.67%) T-SQL
14 246 (2.57%) Go
15 204 (2.13%) Java 8
15 204 (2.13%) Scala
16 144 (1.50%) ES6
17 123 (1.28%) Perl
18 122 (1.27%) Shell Script
19 105 (1.10%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,200 (12.52%) Degree
2 881 (9.19%) ISTQB
3 513 (5.35%) ISEB
4 436 (4.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 368 (3.84%) Security Cleared
6 329 (3.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 171 (1.78%) SC Cleared
8 115 (1.20%) DV Cleared
9 53 (0.55%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 36 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
11 35 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
12 30 (0.31%) CCNA
13 25 (0.26%) CISSP
14 24 (0.25%) HND
15 23 (0.24%) PhD
15 23 (0.24%) SANS
16 19 (0.20%) AWS Certification
17 17 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
17 17 (0.18%) MCSE
17 17 (0.18%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,904 (30.29%) QA
2 52 (0.54%) GDPR
3 42 (0.44%) Data Quality
4 20 (0.21%) PSD2
5 18 (0.19%) DICOM
6 17 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 14 (0.15%) PCI DSS
8 8 (0.083%) ISO 9001
9 7 (0.073%) SEPA
9 7 (0.073%) TickIT
10 6 (0.063%) EMIR
10 6 (0.063%) NIST
10 6 (0.063%) PMO
11 5 (0.052%) Def Stans
11 5 (0.052%) ISO 20022
11 5 (0.052%) ISO 8583
11 5 (0.052%) MiFID
11 5 (0.052%) WAI
11 5 (0.052%) WCAG
12 4 (0.042%) HL7
System Software
1 1,074 (11.20%) Docker
2 93 (0.97%) Active Directory
3 68 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
5 39 (0.41%) Firmware
6 31 (0.32%) Hyper-V
7 29 (0.30%) Varnish
8 27 (0.28%) vSphere
9 23 (0.24%) VirtualBox
10 18 (0.19%) oVirt
11 17 (0.18%) RHEV
12 13 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
13 12 (0.13%) GridGain
14 11 (0.11%) NFS
14 11 (0.11%) Xen
15 10 (0.10%) HDFS
15 10 (0.10%) Samba
16 9 (0.094%) Virtual Servers
17 6 (0.063%) XenDesktop
18 4 (0.042%) OpenSSH
Systems Management
1 667 (6.96%) Kubernetes
2 441 (4.60%) Ansible
3 428 (4.46%) Terraform
4 398 (4.15%) Puppet
5 324 (3.38%) Opscode Chef
6 157 (1.64%) HP Quality Center
7 75 (0.78%) Packer
8 70 (0.73%) HP ALM
9 60 (0.63%) Nagios
10 51 (0.53%) ZABBIX
11 50 (0.52%) Prometheus
12 48 (0.50%) CA Service Virtualization
13 47 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
14 41 (0.43%) Kibana
15 39 (0.41%) Mesos
16 30 (0.31%) Consul
17 27 (0.28%) Marathon
18 26 (0.27%) Automic
18 26 (0.27%) SCCM
19 22 (0.23%) HP SiteScope
Vendors
1 1,085 (11.32%) Microsoft
2 477 (4.97%) Oracle
3 327 (3.41%) Google
4 190 (1.98%) Atlassian
5 178 (1.86%) WorldPay
6 165 (1.72%) SAP
7 160 (1.67%) HP
8 95 (0.99%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 91 (0.95%) VMware
10 85 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
11 83 (0.87%) IBM
12 73 (0.76%) Tableau
13 72 (0.75%) Splunk
14 60 (0.63%) CA
15 56 (0.58%) Red Hat
16 55 (0.57%) Nintex
17 54 (0.56%) Pega
18 50 (0.52%) Sitecore
19 49 (0.51%) Xamarin
20 43 (0.45%) Facebook