Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 37 34 32
Rank change year-on-year -3 -2 -2
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 8,961 4,422 8,500
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 7.00% 6.99% 6.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.44% 7.51% 7.29%
Number of salaries quoted 4,944 3,495 6,551
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +5.77% +4.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £93,750 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 120,414 58,914 116,525
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.03% 93.10% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 78,049 48,002 93,468
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £89,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +6.52% +2.22%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 7,799 £60,000 +4.35% 1,183
UK excluding London -5 4,163 £52,500 +10.53% 781
London -3 3,958 £70,000 +1.45% 502
Work from Home +12 1,935 £60,000 +14.29% 267
South East -5 1,384 £55,000 +10.00% 186
North of England -6 1,142 £52,500 +15.38% 173
North West +11 627 £52,500 +5.00% 96
Midlands -14 466 £50,000 +5.26% 115
Yorkshire -12 455 £55,000 +22.22% 51
South West -1 434 £50,000 +17.65% 95
Scotland +8 372 £50,000 +5.26% 72
East of England -4 269 £60,000 +11.63% 101
West Midlands -30 261 £50,000 +4.17% 73
East Midlands +6 203 £50,000 +5.26% 42
Wales -2 118 £45,000 +16.13% 29
North East -25 65 £47,500 +11.76% 26
Northern Ireland -17 52 £40,500 -4.71% 12

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 5,552 (61.96%) Agile Software Development
2 3,057 (34.11%) Java
3 2,971 (33.15%) DevOps
4 2,810 (31.36%) JavaScript
5 2,799 (31.24%) CI/CD
6 2,596 (28.97%) Software Engineering
7 2,519 (28.11%) QA
8 2,488 (27.76%) C#
9 2,313 (25.81%) SQL
10 2,281 (25.45%) AWS
11 2,262 (25.24%) Azure
12 2,125 (23.71%) Python
13 2,001 (22.33%) Social Skills
14 1,952 (21.78%) Selenium
15 1,917 (21.39%) Git (software)
16 1,708 (19.06%) Software Testing
17 1,692 (18.88%) Microservices
18 1,690 (18.86%) Scrum
19 1,689 (18.85%) Finance
20 1,676 (18.70%) React
21 1,661 (18.54%) Continuous Integration
22 1,643 (18.34%) Docker
23 1,625 (18.13%) TDD
24 1,463 (16.33%) Node.js
25 1,396 (15.58%) .NET
26 1,305 (14.56%) Kubernetes
27 1,279 (14.27%) BDD
28 1,271 (14.18%) Jenkins
29 1,239 (13.83%) Problem-Solving
30 1,212 (13.53%) Mentoring

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 438 (4.89%) Confluence
2 180 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
3 160 (1.79%) CMS
4 130 (1.45%) Apache
4 130 (1.45%) Apache Spark
5 79 (0.88%) SharePoint
6 69 (0.77%) IIS
7 68 (0.76%) nginx
8 50 (0.56%) WordPress
9 49 (0.55%) EPiServer
10 44 (0.49%) BizTalk Server
11 32 (0.36%) Headless CMS
12 31 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
12 31 (0.35%) JBoss
13 26 (0.29%) Drupal
14 25 (0.28%) Ethereum
15 22 (0.25%) Sitecore CMS
16 21 (0.23%) OpenStack
16 21 (0.23%) SAS
17 18 (0.20%) Umbraco
Applications
1 70 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
2 50 (0.56%) Sketch
3 40 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
4 28 (0.31%) InVision
5 22 (0.25%) Chatbot
6 15 (0.17%) MS Visio
7 13 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
8 7 (0.078%) Photoshop
9 6 (0.067%) Adobe XD
10 5 (0.056%) Adobe Premiere
10 5 (0.056%) Final Cut Pro
10 5 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
11 4 (0.045%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.033%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 3 (0.033%) Zeplin
13 2 (0.022%) LaTeX
13 2 (0.022%) Simulink
14 1 (0.011%) EngageOne
14 1 (0.011%) Houdini
14 1 (0.011%) Maya
Business Applications
1 83 (0.93%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (0.41%) Magento
3 18 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
4 16 (0.18%) R3 Corda
5 15 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
6 12 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
6 12 (0.13%) Shopify
7 11 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
8 10 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
9 9 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
9 9 (0.10%) WebTrends
10 8 (0.089%) SAP ERP
10 8 (0.089%) Summit
11 7 (0.078%) NetSuite
12 5 (0.056%) SAP SD
13 4 (0.045%) Dynamics AX
13 4 (0.045%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 4 (0.045%) SAP Hybris
14 3 (0.033%) Dynamics NAV
14 3 (0.033%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 2,281 (25.45%) AWS
2 2,262 (25.24%) Azure
3 847 (9.45%) Serverless
4 704 (7.86%) SaaS
5 656 (7.32%) GitHub
6 611 (6.82%) GCP
7 371 (4.14%) AWS Lambda
8 266 (2.97%) OpenShift
9 240 (2.68%) PaaS
10 231 (2.58%) Amazon S3
11 223 (2.49%) Amazon EC2
12 210 (2.34%) Power Platform
13 192 (2.14%) Amazon ECS
14 182 (2.03%) Amazon EKS
15 143 (1.60%) npm
16 141 (1.57%) Microsoft 365
17 140 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
18 133 (1.48%) Azure Data Factory
19 126 (1.41%) Amazon SQS
20 125 (1.39%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 319 (3.56%) HTTP
2 147 (1.64%) Broadband
3 91 (1.02%) Internet
4 70 (0.78%) TCP/IP
5 61 (0.68%) Network Security
6 58 (0.65%) Firewall
7 42 (0.47%) VoIP
8 37 (0.41%) Wi-Fi
9 29 (0.32%) MQTT
10 28 (0.31%) Bluetooth
10 28 (0.31%) SSL
10 28 (0.31%) Wireshark
11 27 (0.30%) HTTPS
12 26 (0.29%) DNS
13 25 (0.28%) 5G
14 21 (0.23%) SSH
14 21 (0.23%) VPN
15 20 (0.22%) Wireless
16 19 (0.21%) MPLS
17 18 (0.20%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 783 (8.74%) NoSQL
2 714 (7.97%) SQL Server
3 688 (7.68%) PostgreSQL
4 574 (6.41%) MySQL
5 518 (5.78%) MongoDB
6 482 (5.38%) Relational Database
7 355 (3.96%) Big Data
8 294 (3.28%) Redis
9 260 (2.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 217 (2.42%) Amazon Aurora
11 198 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
12 188 (2.10%) Power BI
13 178 (1.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 175 (1.95%) Data Lake
15 137 (1.53%) Blockchain
16 133 (1.48%) Amazon RDS
17 123 (1.37%) Hadoop
18 112 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
19 100 (1.12%) Amazon Athena
20 94 (1.05%) HDInsight
Development Applications
1 1,952 (21.78%) Selenium
2 1,917 (21.39%) Git (software)
3 1,271 (14.18%) Jenkins
4 1,141 (12.73%) JIRA
5 814 (9.08%) Cucumber
6 697 (7.78%) Postman
7 568 (6.34%) Cypress.io
8 529 (5.90%) SpecFlow
9 407 (4.54%) JMeter
10 403 (4.50%) WebDriver
11 357 (3.98%) GitLab
12 309 (3.45%) JUnit
13 283 (3.16%) TeamCity
14 264 (2.95%) Bitbucket
15 260 (2.90%) webpack
16 252 (2.81%) Maven
17 251 (2.80%) REST Assured
18 239 (2.67%) Appium
19 210 (2.34%) Team Foundation Server
20 205 (2.29%) Visual Studio
General
1 2,001 (22.33%) Social Skills
2 1,689 (18.85%) Finance
3 576 (6.43%) Analytical Skills
4 525 (5.86%) Banking
5 433 (4.83%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 391 (4.36%) Retail
7 368 (4.11%) Games
8 319 (3.56%) Marketing
9 288 (3.21%) Public Sector
10 210 (2.34%) Telecoms
11 202 (2.25%) Law
12 141 (1.57%) Advertising
13 110 (1.23%) Legal
14 107 (1.19%) Presentation Skills
15 106 (1.18%) Electronics
16 100 (1.12%) Manufacturing
17 93 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
18 91 (1.02%) Automotive
19 73 (0.81%) Financial Institution
20 66 (0.74%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 2,427 (27.08%) Developer
2 1,493 (16.66%) Software Engineer
3 880 (9.82%) Test Engineer
4 652 (7.28%) Tester
5 650 (7.25%) Analyst
6 602 (6.72%) QA Engineer
7 588 (6.56%) Senior Developer
8 476 (5.31%) Test Analyst
9 406 (4.53%) Senior Software Engineer
10 365 (4.07%) Test Automation Engineer
11 352 (3.93%) Java Developer
12 341 (3.81%) Software Developer
13 339 (3.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 326 (3.64%) Automation Tester
15 304 (3.39%) Java Engineer
16 303 (3.38%) DevOps Engineer
17 298 (3.33%) Full Stack Developer
18 274 (3.06%) Automation Engineer
19 267 (2.98%) Automation Test Analyst
20 226 (2.52%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,676 (18.70%) React
2 1,463 (16.33%) Node.js
3 1,396 (15.58%) .NET
4 1,065 (11.88%) REST
5 1,050 (11.72%) HTML
6 1,023 (11.42%) CSS
7 911 (10.17%) RESTful
8 717 (8.00%) AngularJS
9 626 (6.99%) Web Services
10 606 (6.76%) Spring
11 521 (5.81%) GraphQL
12 510 (5.69%) .NET Core
13 429 (4.79%) Kafka
14 411 (4.59%) Vue.js
15 383 (4.27%) HTML5
16 380 (4.24%) Spring Boot
17 375 (4.18%) XML
18 361 (4.03%) .NET Framework
18 361 (4.03%) JSON
19 359 (4.01%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 840 (9.37%) User Experience
2 524 (5.85%) Mobile App
3 437 (4.88%) Cloud Native
4 398 (4.44%) Self-Motivation
5 242 (2.70%) Algorithms
6 220 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
7 185 (2.06%) Data Structures
8 176 (1.96%) Greenfield Project
9 157 (1.75%) Social Media
10 112 (1.25%) Virtual Team
11 108 (1.21%) Blog
12 103 (1.15%) Hedge funds
13 97 (1.08%) Linux Command Line
14 92 (1.03%) Management Information System
15 87 (0.97%) Legacy Code
16 86 (0.96%) Mainframe
17 85 (0.95%) Public Cloud
18 77 (0.86%) Cyberattack
18 77 (0.86%) Pricing Data
19 66 (0.74%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 871 (9.72%) Linux
2 532 (5.94%) Windows
3 456 (5.09%) Android
4 372 (4.15%) Apple iOS
5 240 (2.68%) Unix
6 65 (0.73%) zOS
7 53 (0.59%) Mac OS
8 46 (0.51%) CentOS
9 44 (0.49%) Windows Server
10 40 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 38 (0.42%) VMS
12 32 (0.36%) Ubuntu
13 26 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
14 15 (0.17%) Debian
15 8 (0.089%) CoreOS
16 5 (0.056%) Robot Operating System
17 3 (0.033%) Mac OS X
17 3 (0.033%) Windows Server 2019
18 1 (0.011%) Amazon Linux
18 1 (0.011%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,552 (61.96%) Agile Software Development
2 2,971 (33.15%) DevOps
3 2,799 (31.24%) CI/CD
4 2,596 (28.97%) Software Engineering
5 1,708 (19.06%) Software Testing
6 1,692 (18.88%) Microservices
7 1,690 (18.86%) Scrum
8 1,661 (18.54%) Continuous Integration
9 1,625 (18.13%) TDD
10 1,279 (14.27%) BDD
11 1,239 (13.83%) Problem-Solving
12 1,212 (13.53%) Mentoring
13 1,058 (11.81%) SDLC
14 1,005 (11.22%) Full Stack Development
15 767 (8.56%) OO
16 763 (8.51%) User Stories
17 727 (8.11%) Manual Testing
18 726 (8.10%) Analytics
19 705 (7.87%) Test Strategy
20 701 (7.82%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3,057 (34.11%) Java
2 2,810 (31.36%) JavaScript
3 2,488 (27.76%) C#
4 2,313 (25.81%) SQL
5 2,125 (23.71%) Python
6 1,194 (13.32%) TypeScript
7 440 (4.91%) C++
8 426 (4.75%) C
9 403 (4.50%) PowerShell
10 351 (3.92%) PHP
11 315 (3.52%) Scala
12 310 (3.46%) Go
13 304 (3.39%) Ruby
14 256 (2.86%) ES6
15 245 (2.73%) Bash
16 239 (2.67%) Kotlin
17 153 (1.71%) Java 8
18 149 (1.66%) T-SQL
19 138 (1.54%) Groovy
20 119 (1.33%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1,043 (11.64%) Degree
2 486 (5.42%) ISTQB
3 413 (4.61%) Security Cleared
4 324 (3.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 277 (3.09%) SC Cleared
6 227 (2.53%) ISEB
7 203 (2.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 112 (1.25%) Master's Degree
9 78 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
10 41 (0.46%) DBS Check
11 36 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
11 36 (0.40%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 35 (0.39%) AWS Certification
12 35 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
13 34 (0.38%) DV Cleared
14 23 (0.26%) SANS
15 21 (0.23%) CCNP
16 20 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
17 16 (0.18%) OCP
18 15 (0.17%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,519 (28.11%) QA
2 288 (3.21%) Accessibility
3 49 (0.55%) WCAG
4 44 (0.49%) SLA
5 28 (0.31%) Data Quality
6 27 (0.30%) GDPR
7 20 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 11 (0.12%) ISO 13485
9 10 (0.11%) PMO
10 9 (0.10%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 9 (0.10%) IFRS
10 9 (0.10%) ISO 26262
11 8 (0.089%) DICOM
11 8 (0.089%) IEC 62304
11 8 (0.089%) PSD2
12 7 (0.078%) ISO 9001
13 6 (0.067%) Good Clinical Practice
13 6 (0.067%) PCI DSS
14 5 (0.056%) NIST
14 5 (0.056%) SOC 2
System Software
1 1,643 (18.34%) Docker
2 131 (1.46%) Firmware
3 111 (1.24%) Virtual Machines
4 96 (1.07%) Active Directory
5 55 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
6 27 (0.30%) HDFS
7 18 (0.20%) Hyper-V
8 17 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
9 11 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
10 10 (0.11%) Apache Flume
10 10 (0.11%) KVM
10 10 (0.11%) Xen
11 7 (0.078%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 6 (0.067%) Kamailio
12 6 (0.067%) OpenSIPS
13 4 (0.045%) ISA Server
14 3 (0.033%) RACF
14 3 (0.033%) Time Sharing Option
14 3 (0.033%) Varnish
15 2 (0.022%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 1,305 (14.56%) Kubernetes
2 700 (7.81%) Terraform
3 393 (4.39%) Ansible
4 222 (2.48%) Opscode Chef
5 206 (2.30%) Puppet
6 84 (0.94%) Prometheus
7 79 (0.88%) Grafana
8 78 (0.87%) Kibana
9 71 (0.79%) HP ALM
10 69 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
11 41 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
12 36 (0.40%) Istio
13 35 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
13 35 (0.39%) logstash
14 23 (0.26%) Apache Brooklyn
14 23 (0.26%) Rancher
15 13 (0.15%) Consul
15 13 (0.15%) Graylog
15 13 (0.15%) HP Fortify
16 12 (0.13%) Packer
Vendors
1 805 (8.98%) Microsoft
2 396 (4.42%) Google
3 380 (4.24%) Oracle
4 128 (1.43%) Cognizant
5 125 (1.39%) Databricks
6 109 (1.22%) HP
7 101 (1.13%) IBM
8 99 (1.10%) Palantir
9 96 (1.07%) SAP
10 81 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
11 75 (0.84%) Atlassian
12 67 (0.75%) Splunk
13 62 (0.69%) VMware
14 56 (0.62%) Xamarin
15 52 (0.58%) New Relic
16 49 (0.55%) Red Hat
17 47 (0.52%) Apple
18 40 (0.45%) Informatica
18 40 (0.45%) ServiceNow
19 38 (0.42%) Cisco