The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 3 months to 26 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
3 months to
26 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 34 44 53
Rank change year-on-year +10 +9  
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 5631 5407 5371
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.30% 5.57% 4.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.02% 6.26% 5.50%
Number of salaries quoted 4499 4455 4398
Median salary £48,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.66% -  
90% offered a salary of more than £32,500 £31,970 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
UK excluding London median salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% -  

Test Automation is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 80257 86320 97586
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 89.74% 88.92% 88.04%
Number of salaries quoted 64749 72153 79773
Median salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
90% offered a salary of more than £32,500 £32,500 £31,500
10% offered a salary of more than £79,000 £75,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median salary £45,000 £45,000 £44,000
% change year-on-year - +2.27%  

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Test Automation as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 3 months to 26 June 2017.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 3 months to 26 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 5349 £50,000 +5.26% 769
London +13 2263 £60,000 +4.34% 304
South East +7 863 £45,000 +5.88% 127
North West +27 471 £40,000 - 96
Yorkshire +5 459 £45,000 +12.50% 53
East of England +4 401 £47,500 +11.76% 50
South West -8 390 £40,000 -5.88% 52
City of London +16 353 £60,000 -4.00% 77
Manchester +21 333 £43,250 +8.12% 61
West Midlands +4 304 £40,250 +7.33% 40
West Yorkshire +3 272 £45,000 +5.88% 34
Leeds +5 237 £47,500 +11.76% 29
Cambridgeshire +2 203 £50,000 +25.00% 31
Surrey +28 175 £48,000 +12.94% 35
East Midlands +2 167 £45,000 +12.50% 29
Berkshire +7 166 £47,250 +5.00% 17
Hampshire -2 151 £40,000 +2.56% 32
Cambridge -7 147 £52,500 +31.25% 29
Scotland -11 147 £45,000 +15.38% 27
Bristol -3 130 £42,500 +4.93% 18
Somerset +5 115 £38,000 -5.00% 6
Birmingham +2 115 £45,000 +12.50% 14
Reading +18 108 £47,500 -2.56% 11
Hertfordshire +9 100 £47,500 +11.76% 9
West Sussex +24 98 £47,000 +17.50% 6
Cheshire +23 97 £35,000 -1.10% 20
Nottinghamshire +15 88 £47,500 - 14
Oxfordshire -11 82 £45,000 +9.75% 17
Nottingham +14 80 £48,750 +8.33% 14
Buckinghamshire 0 78 £40,000 +2.56% 7

For the 6 months to 26 June 2017, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 7309 (66.63%) Agile Software Development
2 4324 (39.42%) Java
3 4075 (37.15%) Selenium
4 3386 (30.87%) QA
5 3150 (28.72%) C#
6 2972 (27.09%) SQL
7 2735 (24.93%) TDD
8 2526 (23.03%) Scrum
9 2513 (22.91%) Continuous Integration
10 2504 (22.83%) JavaScript
11 2288 (20.86%) Finance
12 2276 (20.75%) BDD
13 2098 (19.13%) .NET
14 1831 (16.69%) Test Scripting
15 1773 (16.16%) Cucumber
16 1730 (15.77%) HTML
17 1684 (15.35%) Software Engineering
18 1622 (14.79%) Git (software)
19 1609 (14.67%) Degree
20 1449 (13.21%) Python
21 1414 (12.89%) WebDriver
22 1389 (12.66%) OO
23 1383 (12.61%) Jenkins
24 1376 (12.54%) SDLC
25 1368 (12.47%) Web Services
26 1366 (12.45%) CSS
27 1349 (12.30%) Linux
28 1321 (12.04%) SQL Server
29 1317 (12.01%) JIRA
30 1315 (11.99%) Test Strategy

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 305 (2.78%) Tomcat
2 243 (2.22%) Confluence
3 220 (2.01%) Apache
4 207 (1.89%) Elasticsearch
5 185 (1.69%) IIS
6 173 (1.58%) CMS
7 159 (1.45%) Apache Spark
8 142 (1.29%) SharePoint
9 111 (1.01%) JBoss
10 105 (0.96%) WebSphere
11 96 (0.88%) WebLogic
12 90 (0.82%) nginx
13 84 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 81 (0.74%) Jetty
15 48 (0.44%) Apache Solr
16 46 (0.42%) Sitecore CMS
17 41 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
18 31 (0.28%) Drupal
19 30 (0.27%) Oracle Service Bus
20 29 (0.26%) Documentum
Applications
1 215 (1.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 150 (1.37%) Microsoft Office
3 35 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 24 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 24 (0.22%) Photoshop
5 23 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.082%) Spreadsheet
7 8 (0.073%) Simulink
8 7 (0.064%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 7 (0.064%) Campfire
9 6 (0.055%) SPSS
10 3 (0.027%) SOLIDWORKS
10 3 (0.027%) SPSS Modeler
11 2 (0.018%) InVision
11 2 (0.018%) Mingle
12 1 (0.009%) Adobe Premiere
12 1 (0.009%) OmniGraffle
12 1 (0.009%) Revit
12 1 (0.009%) Stateflow
12 1 (0.009%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 77 (0.70%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 57 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.22%) Magento
3 24 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
4 12 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.091%) Infor M3
6 7 (0.064%) Oracle EBS
7 6 (0.055%) Oracle BPM
8 5 (0.046%) Sonata
9 4 (0.036%) BusinessWorks
9 4 (0.036%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 4 (0.036%) HFM
9 4 (0.036%) Hyperion Enterprise
9 4 (0.036%) Remedy ITSM
9 4 (0.036%) thinkFolio
9 4 (0.036%) Unica
9 4 (0.036%) VisionPLUS
10 3 (0.027%) Markit EDM
10 3 (0.027%) Oracle Payables
10 3 (0.027%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 840 (7.66%) Amazon AWS
2 569 (5.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 386 (3.52%) GitHub
4 244 (2.22%) SaaS
5 145 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
6 84 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
7 83 (0.76%) Office 365
8 71 (0.65%) PaaS
9 67 (0.61%) Google Cloud Platform
10 60 (0.55%) BrowserStack
11 53 (0.48%) IaaS
12 47 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
13 44 (0.40%) Amazon S3
13 44 (0.40%) Slack
14 32 (0.29%) G Suite
15 31 (0.28%) Force.com
16 29 (0.26%) OpenShift
17 28 (0.26%) Amazon EMR
18 25 (0.23%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 23 (0.21%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 335 (3.05%) HTTP
2 251 (2.29%) Internet
3 105 (0.96%) TCP/IP
4 102 (0.93%) Wireless
5 63 (0.57%) Firewall
6 38 (0.35%) Ethernet
7 29 (0.26%) RS-232
7 29 (0.26%) VPN
8 28 (0.26%) FTP
9 25 (0.23%) DNS
10 24 (0.22%) Kerberos
11 23 (0.21%) Network Security
12 20 (0.18%) SSL
13 18 (0.16%) VoIP
14 17 (0.15%) Skype
15 14 (0.13%) GPRS
15 14 (0.13%) HTTPS
15 14 (0.13%) Intranet
16 13 (0.12%) GSM
16 13 (0.12%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1321 (12.04%) SQL Server
2 597 (5.44%) NoSQL
3 557 (5.08%) MySQL
4 464 (4.23%) Relational Database
5 421 (3.84%) Big Data
6 316 (2.88%) MongoDB
7 211 (1.92%) Hadoop
8 202 (1.84%) PostgreSQL
9 201 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
10 161 (1.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 158 (1.44%) SQL Server 2012
12 148 (1.35%) RDBMS
13 146 (1.33%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 141 (1.29%) Redis
15 124 (1.13%) Apache Cassandra
16 82 (0.75%) CouchDB
17 76 (0.69%) Oracle Database
18 67 (0.61%) Power BI
19 54 (0.49%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 52 (0.47%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 4075 (37.15%) Selenium
2 1773 (16.16%) Cucumber
3 1622 (14.79%) Git (software)
4 1414 (12.89%) WebDriver
5 1383 (12.61%) Jenkins
6 1317 (12.01%) JIRA
7 730 (6.66%) Team Foundation Server
8 690 (6.29%) Subversion
9 649 (5.92%) JUnit
10 637 (5.81%) Visual Studio
11 607 (5.53%) SpecFlow
12 604 (5.51%) SoapUI
13 588 (5.36%) JMeter
14 496 (4.52%) HP UFT
15 427 (3.89%) Maven
16 426 (3.88%) TeamCity
17 376 (3.43%) Appium
18 360 (3.28%) NUnit
19 285 (2.60%) LoadRunner
20 274 (2.50%) TestNG
General
1 2288 (20.86%) Finance
2 755 (6.88%) Banking
3 685 (6.24%) Retail
4 314 (2.86%) Telecoms
5 294 (2.68%) Investment Banking
6 291 (2.65%) Marketing
7 224 (2.04%) Games
8 200 (1.82%) Electronics
9 171 (1.56%) Manufacturing
10 168 (1.53%) Retail Banking
11 160 (1.46%) Advertising
12 115 (1.05%) Financial Institution
13 114 (1.04%) Legal
14 109 (0.99%) Front Office
15 98 (0.89%) Back Office
16 95 (0.87%) Automotive
17 75 (0.68%) Law
18 58 (0.53%) Publishing
19 27 (0.25%) Aerospace
19 27 (0.25%) Military
Job Titles
1 3199 (29.16%) Developer
2 1812 (16.52%) Analyst
3 1720 (15.68%) Tester
4 1464 (13.35%) Test Analyst
5 1382 (12.60%) Test Engineer
6 1004 (9.15%) Automation Tester
7 953 (8.69%) Java Developer
8 873 (7.96%) Senior Developer
9 859 (7.83%) QA Engineer
10 705 (6.43%) Test Automation Engineer
11 570 (5.20%) Software Engineer
12 533 (4.86%) C# Developer
13 501 (4.57%) QA Tester
14 492 (4.49%) Java Engineer
15 476 (4.34%) Automation Test Analyst
16 469 (4.28%) .NET Developer
17 468 (4.27%) QA Analyst
18 438 (3.99%) Software Developer
19 422 (3.85%) Software Tester
20 392 (3.57%) Test Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2098 (19.13%) .NET
2 1730 (15.77%) HTML
3 1368 (12.47%) Web Services
4 1366 (12.45%) CSS
5 1035 (9.44%) AngularJS
6 925 (8.43%) REST
7 864 (7.88%) XML
8 828 (7.55%) ASP.NET
9 747 (6.81%) HTML5
10 722 (6.58%) SOAP
11 701 (6.39%) RESTful
12 661 (6.03%) Node.js
13 631 (5.75%) Spring
14 573 (5.22%) Gherkin
15 508 (4.63%) .NET Framework
16 500 (4.56%) JSON
17 496 (4.52%) jQuery
18 461 (4.20%) ASP.NET Web API
19 436 (3.97%) React
20 406 (3.70%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 903 (8.23%) Computer Science
2 862 (7.86%) Analytical Skills
3 599 (5.46%) Mobile App
4 574 (5.23%) User Experience
5 336 (3.06%) Greenfield Project
6 304 (2.77%) Fintech
7 298 (2.72%) Enterprise Software
8 251 (2.29%) Data Structures
9 246 (2.24%) Algorithms
10 194 (1.77%) Management Information System
11 164 (1.50%) iPad
12 137 (1.25%) Client/Server
13 134 (1.22%) Fixed Income
14 124 (1.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 109 (0.99%) N-Tier
16 98 (0.89%) Virtual Team
17 74 (0.67%) Derivative
18 73 (0.67%) Equities
19 61 (0.56%) Linux Command Line
20 60 (0.55%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1349 (12.30%) Linux
2 971 (8.85%) Windows
3 524 (4.78%) Android
4 513 (4.68%) Unix
5 465 (4.24%) Apple iOS
6 107 (0.98%) Windows Server
7 82 (0.75%) Mac OS
8 61 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 50 (0.46%) Mac OS X
10 43 (0.39%) Solaris
11 39 (0.36%) Ubuntu
12 36 (0.33%) Windows Server 2003
13 21 (0.19%) AIX
13 21 (0.19%) CentOS
13 21 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
14 20 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
15 17 (0.15%) Windows Embedded Compact
16 16 (0.15%) Windows 7
17 15 (0.14%) VMS
18 12 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 7309 (66.63%) Agile Software Development
2 2735 (24.93%) TDD
3 2526 (23.03%) Scrum
4 2513 (22.91%) Continuous Integration
5 2276 (20.75%) BDD
6 1831 (16.69%) Test Scripting
7 1684 (15.35%) Software Engineering
8 1389 (12.66%) OO
9 1376 (12.54%) SDLC
10 1315 (11.99%) Test Strategy
11 1295 (11.81%) Software Testing
12 1152 (10.50%) DevOps
13 1142 (10.41%) Unit Testing
14 1131 (10.31%) Manual Testing
15 997 (9.09%) Regression Testing
16 892 (8.13%) MVC
17 853 (7.78%) Mentoring
18 839 (7.65%) E-Commerce
19 819 (7.47%) Functional Testing
20 816 (7.44%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 4324 (39.42%) Java
2 3150 (28.72%) C#
3 2972 (27.09%) SQL
4 2504 (22.83%) JavaScript
5 1449 (13.21%) Python
6 881 (8.03%) Ruby
7 666 (6.07%) C++
8 500 (4.56%) PHP
9 448 (4.08%) C
10 369 (3.36%) Scala
11 324 (2.95%) T-SQL
12 227 (2.07%) Perl
13 220 (2.01%) Bash Shell
14 201 (1.83%) PL/SQL
15 171 (1.56%) PowerShell
16 161 (1.47%) ES6
17 153 (1.39%) Groovy
18 140 (1.28%) VB
19 129 (1.18%) Objective-C
20 126 (1.15%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 1609 (14.67%) Degree
2 1287 (11.73%) ISTQB
3 1153 (10.51%) ISEB
4 494 (4.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 409 (3.73%) Security Cleared
6 365 (3.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 157 (1.43%) SC Cleared
8 113 (1.03%) DV Cleared
9 56 (0.51%) Master's Degree
10 52 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
11 50 (0.46%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 42 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
13 35 (0.32%) PMI Certification
14 24 (0.22%) PhD
15 19 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
16 18 (0.16%) HND
17 16 (0.15%) MCP
18 15 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
18 15 (0.14%) HNC
18 15 (0.14%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3386 (30.87%) QA
2 57 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 50 (0.46%) PCI DSS
4 44 (0.40%) SLA
5 39 (0.36%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 32 (0.29%) ISO 9001
7 25 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
7 25 (0.23%) PMO
8 22 (0.20%) Data Quality
9 21 (0.19%) WCAG
10 18 (0.16%) MiFID
11 16 (0.15%) ISO 14001
12 15 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 8 (0.073%) COBIT
13 8 (0.073%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 6 (0.055%) GAMP
15 4 (0.036%) SEPA
16 3 (0.027%) GCP
16 3 (0.027%) HIPAA
16 3 (0.027%) JTAG
System Software
1 423 (3.86%) Docker
2 71 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 66 (0.60%) Active Directory
3 66 (0.60%) Firmware
4 42 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (0.24%) LXC
6 25 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 25 (0.23%) VirtualBox
7 18 (0.16%) Hyper-V
8 15 (0.14%) Varnish
9 10 (0.091%) Shibboleth
10 9 (0.082%) vSphere
10 9 (0.082%) XenDesktop
11 6 (0.055%) etcd
11 6 (0.055%) VMware ESXi
12 5 (0.046%) flannel
12 5 (0.046%) HDFS
12 5 (0.046%) iptables
13 4 (0.036%) Apache Flume
13 4 (0.036%) Sendmail
Systems Management
1 373 (3.40%) Puppet
2 249 (2.27%) Opscode Chef
3 241 (2.20%) Ansible
4 211 (1.92%) HP Quality Center
5 110 (1.00%) Kubernetes
6 78 (0.71%) Terraform
7 36 (0.33%) Kibana
8 32 (0.29%) Nagios
9 24 (0.22%) Rundeck
10 23 (0.21%) Grafana
11 22 (0.20%) Mesos
12 19 (0.17%) ZABBIX
13 16 (0.15%) HockeyApp
13 16 (0.15%) logstash
14 14 (0.13%) HAProxy
14 14 (0.13%) StatsD
15 13 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
16 12 (0.11%) Consul
16 12 (0.11%) Rancher
16 12 (0.11%) SCCM
Vendors
1 1313 (11.97%) Microsoft
2 806 (7.35%) Oracle
3 287 (2.62%) HP
4 192 (1.75%) Google
5 153 (1.39%) SAP
6 133 (1.21%) Atlassian
7 110 (1.00%) IBM
8 109 (0.99%) VMware
9 106 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
10 88 (0.80%) Xamarin
11 75 (0.68%) Cognizant
12 71 (0.65%) Red Hat
13 62 (0.57%) Splunk
14 60 (0.55%) Sitecore
15 49 (0.45%) Zend
16 47 (0.43%) Sybase
17 46 (0.42%) CA Agile Central
17 46 (0.42%) Talend
18 44 (0.40%) ION Trading
19 39 (0.36%) EMC
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Understanding Recruitment
Salary: £60000 - £65000 per annum + bonus, bens
Posted: 3 hours ago
Hertford, Hertfordshire
Understanding Recruitment
Salary: £35000.00 - £50000.00 per annum + benefits
Posted: 2 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Ascend Consulting
Salary: Up to £32,000 per annum
Posted: 8 hours ago
City, London
Understanding Recruitment
Salary: £40000 - £80000 per annum + Bens - Pension, Health
Posted: 18 hours ago
York, North Yorkshire
TEKsystems
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Bath, Avon
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Salary: £20000.00 - £25000.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Chester, Cheshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £35000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Reigate, Surrey
Colston Consulting
Salary: £45000 - £55000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
MHR
Salary: Competitive Salary, Custom Built Technology Centre, Restaurant & More!
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Franklin Bates
Salary: From £40,000 to £70,000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Amicus Recruitment Limited
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Pension + health
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Testing Circle Ltd
Salary: £0.00 per annum + benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
4it Recruitment Ltd
Salary: Up to £55,000 per annum + Excellent Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Total Recruitment Specialists Limited / TRG / Total recruitment group
Salary: £70000 - £85000 Per Annum
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
ISL
Salary: £30000.00 - £45000.00 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
Opus Resourcing Ltd
Salary: £55000 - £65000 per annum + Bens + Bonus to 10%
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Colston Consulting
Salary: £40000 - £65000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Good Benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Rebel Recruitment
Salary: From £25,000 to £45,000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
London
E-synergy Solutions
Salary: £50000 - £60000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
Cambridgeshire
Oliver Bernard
Salary: £50000 - £70000 per annum + 15% bonus, 5% pension, other benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
X4 Group
Salary: £28k - 32.5k per year + benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 4 days ago
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: ££competitive
Posted: 2 days ago
North London
Eutopia Solutions Ltd
Salary: £33000.00 - £40000.00 per annum + excellent benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Client Server
Salary: £45k to £60k + bonus + benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Harvey Nash plc
Salary: £65000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
The People Network
Salary: £30000 - £35000 per annum, Benefits 25 day’s holiday, personal pension
Posted: 4 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Rullion
Salary: £29000 per annum + Bonus, Pension
Posted: 4 days ago