Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 33 38 32
Rank change year-on-year +5 -6 0
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 14,089 5,791 6,492
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 8.66% 6.37% 6.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 9.11% 6.83% 7.41%
Number of salaries quoted 5,742 4,233 5,082
10th Percentile £38,250 £36,250 £33,500
25th Percentile £45,253 £42,875 £41,003
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.38% +4.44%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 154,584 84,827 87,581
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.97% 93.35% 92.89%
Number of salaries quoted 82,248 63,321 70,426
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,750 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% +5.56%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +3 11,529 £60,000 +0.42% 901
London +7 6,749 £70,000 - 354
Work from Home +7 6,259 £60,000 +9.09% 450
UK excluding London +5 5,257 £52,500 +5.00% 627
South East +5 1,761 £57,500 +15.00% 134
North of England +5 1,332 £52,500 +12.90% 164
North West +17 737 £53,112 +18.03% 84
South West +20 653 £50,000 - 94
Midlands +12 562 £49,000 +3.16% 80
Yorkshire -2 538 £50,000 +5.26% 61
Scotland +10 535 £55,000 +22.22% 60
East of England -4 351 £51,500 -14.17% 68
West Midlands -5 330 £50,000 - 43
East Midlands +19 231 £47,000 -1.05% 37
Wales +11 129 £50,000 +33.33% 21
North East -5 59 £54,250 +35.63% 19
Northern Ireland -37 26 £40,000 -5.88% 8

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 9,167 (65.06%) Agile
2 4,954 (35.16%) CI/CD
3 4,790 (34.00%) JavaScript
4 4,704 (33.39%) Java
5 4,545 (32.26%) DevOps
6 4,264 (30.26%) Software Engineering
7 4,124 (29.27%) AWS
8 3,965 (28.14%) Finance
9 3,815 (27.08%) QA
10 3,769 (26.75%) Python
11 3,720 (26.40%) SQL
12 3,659 (25.97%) Azure
13 3,654 (25.94%) Git (software)
14 3,398 (24.12%) Social Skills
15 3,391 (24.07%) C#
16 3,121 (22.15%) Docker
17 3,111 (22.08%) TDD
18 2,954 (20.97%) React
19 2,931 (20.80%) Microservices
20 2,835 (20.12%) Software Testing
21 2,814 (19.97%) Scrum
22 2,778 (19.72%) Kubernetes
23 2,678 (19.01%) .NET
24 2,635 (18.70%) Continuous Integration
25 2,565 (18.21%) Selenium
26 2,524 (17.91%) Node.js
27 2,494 (17.70%) Jenkins
28 2,491 (17.68%) Problem-Solving
29 2,489 (17.67%) BDD
30 2,278 (16.17%) Mentoring

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 629 (4.46%) Confluence
2 426 (3.02%) Apache Spark
3 389 (2.76%) Elasticsearch
4 213 (1.51%) IIS
5 184 (1.31%) CMS
6 168 (1.19%) Apache
7 135 (0.96%) Tomcat
8 133 (0.94%) BizTalk Server
9 126 (0.89%) JBoss
10 122 (0.87%) Apache Airflow
11 121 (0.86%) WordPress
12 113 (0.80%) SharePoint
13 88 (0.62%) nginx
14 75 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
15 66 (0.47%) Ethereum
16 56 (0.40%) Drupal
17 48 (0.34%) OpenStack
18 39 (0.28%) Apache Pulsar
18 39 (0.28%) Jupyter
19 37 (0.26%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 110 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 102 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (0.32%) Sketch
4 24 (0.17%) Chatbot
5 20 (0.14%) Photoshop
6 17 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 15 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 8 (0.057%) Campfire
8 8 (0.057%) Maple
8 8 (0.057%) Simulink
9 7 (0.050%) InVision
9 7 (0.050%) LaTeX
10 5 (0.035%) Adobe XD
10 5 (0.035%) MS Visio
11 4 (0.028%) SketchUp
12 3 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.021%) Microsoft Project
13 2 (0.014%) Zeplin
14 1 (0.007%) Adobe Premiere
14 1 (0.007%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 101 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 52 (0.37%) Magento
3 34 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
4 24 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
4 24 (0.17%) Shopify
5 22 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
6 21 (0.15%) R3 Corda
7 19 (0.13%) WebTrends
8 18 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 14 (0.099%) NetSuite
10 11 (0.078%) Ripple
10 11 (0.078%) Ripple XRP
11 10 (0.071%) Dynamics AX
12 9 (0.064%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 8 (0.057%) SAP S/4HANA
13 8 (0.057%) Sentinel
14 6 (0.043%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
15 3 (0.021%) SAP ERP
15 3 (0.021%) SAP SD
15 3 (0.021%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 4,124 (29.27%) AWS
2 3,659 (25.97%) Azure
3 1,524 (10.82%) Serverless
4 1,383 (9.82%) GCP
5 1,273 (9.04%) GitHub
6 1,007 (7.15%) SaaS
7 738 (5.24%) AWS Lambda
8 519 (3.68%) OpenShift
9 351 (2.49%) Amazon S3
10 329 (2.34%) PaaS
11 326 (2.31%) Cloud Functions
12 313 (2.22%) AWS CloudFormation
13 281 (1.99%) Cloud Computing
14 279 (1.98%) npm
15 257 (1.82%) Power Platform
16 249 (1.77%) Amazon EC2
17 214 (1.52%) Azure Functions
18 194 (1.38%) AWS CodePipeline
19 192 (1.36%) BrowserStack
20 187 (1.33%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 546 (3.88%) HTTP
2 479 (3.40%) Internet
3 254 (1.80%) Broadband
4 165 (1.17%) TCP/IP
5 162 (1.15%) Firewall
6 96 (0.68%) VoIP
7 91 (0.65%) DNS
8 80 (0.57%) PPP
9 79 (0.56%) DHCP
10 73 (0.52%) 5G
11 51 (0.36%) Wireshark
12 50 (0.35%) SSL
13 48 (0.34%) WAN
14 47 (0.33%) Bluetooth
15 36 (0.26%) SNA
16 35 (0.25%) IMAP
16 35 (0.25%) tcpdump
17 34 (0.24%) HTTPS
17 34 (0.24%) SSH
18 32 (0.23%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,623 (11.52%) PostgreSQL
2 1,472 (10.45%) NoSQL
3 1,222 (8.67%) SQL Server
4 1,213 (8.61%) MySQL
5 975 (6.92%) Relational Database
6 963 (6.84%) MongoDB
7 523 (3.71%) Redis
8 448 (3.18%) Big Data
9 368 (2.61%) Apache Cassandra
10 337 (2.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 283 (2.01%) Amazon Aurora
12 251 (1.78%) Flink
13 241 (1.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 219 (1.55%) Hadoop
15 218 (1.55%) Data Warehouse
16 196 (1.39%) Power BI
17 172 (1.22%) Amazon RDS
18 150 (1.06%) RDBMS
19 149 (1.06%) Data Lake
20 133 (0.94%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 3,654 (25.94%) Git (software)
2 2,565 (18.21%) Selenium
3 2,494 (17.70%) Jenkins
4 1,877 (13.32%) JIRA
5 1,257 (8.92%) Cucumber
6 1,091 (7.74%) Postman
7 1,038 (7.37%) Cypress.io
8 772 (5.48%) SpecFlow
9 722 (5.12%) GitLab
10 572 (4.06%) JMeter
11 554 (3.93%) JUnit
12 517 (3.67%) Maven
13 509 (3.61%) WebDriver
14 472 (3.35%) Subversion
15 443 (3.14%) webpack
16 430 (3.05%) TeamCity
17 422 (3.00%) Gradle
18 420 (2.98%) Appium
19 393 (2.79%) CircleCI
20 352 (2.50%) Bitbucket
General
1 3,965 (28.14%) Finance
2 3,398 (24.12%) Social Skills
3 1,216 (8.63%) Analytical Skills
4 1,182 (8.39%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,131 (8.03%) Banking
6 1,018 (7.23%) Retail
7 765 (5.43%) Games
8 718 (5.10%) Manufacturing
9 581 (4.12%) Marketing
10 573 (4.07%) Public Sector
11 427 (3.03%) Telecoms
12 346 (2.46%) Law
13 278 (1.97%) Automotive
14 265 (1.88%) Advertising
15 264 (1.87%) Legal
16 240 (1.70%) Organisational Skills
17 192 (1.36%) Electronics
18 186 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
19 172 (1.22%) Pharmaceutical
20 171 (1.21%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 3,675 (26.08%) Developer
2 2,480 (17.60%) Software Engineer
3 1,235 (8.77%) Test Engineer
4 1,046 (7.42%) QA Engineer
5 1,022 (7.25%) Senior Developer
6 892 (6.33%) Senior Software Engineer
7 827 (5.87%) Tester
8 800 (5.68%) Analyst
9 623 (4.42%) DevOps Engineer
10 594 (4.22%) Java Engineer
11 589 (4.18%) Software Developer
12 551 (3.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 509 (3.61%) Test Analyst
14 471 (3.34%) Full Stack Developer
15 465 (3.30%) Automation Tester
16 442 (3.14%) Java Developer
17 430 (3.05%) Test Automation Engineer
18 399 (2.83%) Software Test Engineer
19 373 (2.65%) Senior Java Engineer
20 334 (2.37%) Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,954 (20.97%) React
2 2,678 (19.01%) .NET
3 2,524 (17.91%) Node.js
4 1,933 (13.72%) REST
5 1,868 (13.26%) CSS
6 1,847 (13.11%) HTML
7 1,760 (12.49%) RESTful
8 1,088 (7.72%) AngularJS
9 1,036 (7.35%) Spring
10 964 (6.84%) GraphQL
11 915 (6.49%) Kafka
12 860 (6.10%) Web Services
13 850 (6.03%) .NET Core
14 722 (5.12%) Vue.js
15 715 (5.07%) Spring Boot
16 659 (4.68%) Jest
17 655 (4.65%) Redux
18 646 (4.59%) ASP.NET
19 617 (4.38%) Sass
20 616 (4.37%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,570 (11.14%) User Experience
2 948 (6.73%) Mobile App
3 767 (5.44%) Cloud Native
4 705 (5.00%) Self-Motivation
5 613 (4.35%) Algorithms
6 496 (3.52%) Data Structures
7 495 (3.51%) Life Science
8 456 (3.24%) Linux Command Line
9 407 (2.89%) Greenfield Project
10 367 (2.60%) Public Cloud
11 360 (2.56%) Virtual Team
12 332 (2.36%) Social Media
13 296 (2.10%) Enterprise Software
14 247 (1.75%) Blog
15 231 (1.64%) Blockchain
16 230 (1.63%) Cyberattack
17 179 (1.27%) Cyber Defence
18 173 (1.23%) Video\Live Streaming
19 167 (1.19%) IoT
19 167 (1.19%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,644 (11.67%) Linux
2 962 (6.83%) Windows
3 935 (6.64%) Android
4 721 (5.12%) Apple iOS
5 591 (4.19%) Unix
6 181 (1.28%) Windows Server
7 98 (0.70%) VMS
8 90 (0.64%) Ubuntu
9 66 (0.47%) CentOS
10 55 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 43 (0.31%) zOS
12 36 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
13 30 (0.21%) Mac OS
14 25 (0.18%) Mac OS X
15 20 (0.14%) Debian
16 13 (0.092%) Kali Linux
17 11 (0.078%) AIX
17 11 (0.078%) CoreOS
18 5 (0.035%) MVS
18 5 (0.035%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,167 (65.06%) Agile
2 4,954 (35.16%) CI/CD
3 4,545 (32.26%) DevOps
4 4,264 (30.26%) Software Engineering
5 3,111 (22.08%) TDD
6 2,931 (20.80%) Microservices
7 2,835 (20.12%) Software Testing
8 2,814 (19.97%) Scrum
9 2,635 (18.70%) Continuous Integration
10 2,491 (17.68%) Problem-Solving
11 2,489 (17.67%) BDD
12 2,278 (16.17%) Mentoring
13 1,942 (13.78%) Full Stack Development
14 1,799 (12.77%) SDLC
15 1,371 (9.73%) Test Strategy
16 1,329 (9.43%) Coaching
17 1,258 (8.93%) Computer Science
18 1,242 (8.82%) OO
19 1,238 (8.79%) API Testing
20 1,211 (8.60%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 4,790 (34.00%) JavaScript
2 4,704 (33.39%) Java
3 3,769 (26.75%) Python
4 3,720 (26.40%) SQL
5 3,391 (24.07%) C#
6 2,188 (15.53%) TypeScript
7 763 (5.42%) PHP
8 733 (5.20%) C++
8 733 (5.20%) Ruby
9 646 (4.59%) PowerShell
10 626 (4.44%) Kotlin
11 538 (3.82%) C
12 536 (3.80%) Scala
13 506 (3.59%) Go
14 438 (3.11%) Shell Script
15 415 (2.95%) Perl
16 408 (2.90%) Bash
17 385 (2.73%) ES6
18 299 (2.12%) T-SQL
19 246 (1.75%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,849 (13.12%) Degree
2 754 (5.35%) ISTQB
3 546 (3.88%) Computer Science Degree
4 529 (3.75%) Security Cleared
5 393 (2.79%) ISEB
6 356 (2.53%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 354 (2.51%) SC Cleared
8 171 (1.21%) Master's Degree
9 70 (0.50%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 67 (0.48%) DV Cleared
11 64 (0.45%) PMI Certification
12 59 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
13 56 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
14 48 (0.34%) AWS Certification
14 48 (0.34%) DBS Check
15 38 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
16 34 (0.24%) OCP
17 29 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
18 25 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
18 25 (0.18%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3,815 (27.08%) QA
2 528 (3.75%) Accessibility
3 137 (0.97%) Data Quality
4 69 (0.49%) GDPR
5 59 (0.42%) SLA
6 50 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 44 (0.31%) GRC
8 35 (0.25%) WCAG
9 28 (0.20%) MISRA
9 28 (0.20%) NIST
10 23 (0.16%) HL7
11 22 (0.16%) PCI DSS
12 21 (0.15%) PMO
13 20 (0.14%) ISO 13485
14 18 (0.13%) ISO 9001
15 15 (0.11%) IEC 62304
15 15 (0.11%) NCSC
16 12 (0.085%) EMIR
17 11 (0.078%) SOC 2
18 10 (0.071%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 3,121 (22.15%) Docker
2 221 (1.57%) Virtual Machines
3 165 (1.17%) Firmware
4 140 (0.99%) Active Directory
5 122 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
6 43 (0.31%) Hyper-V
7 35 (0.25%) Apache Flume
8 30 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
9 26 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
10 21 (0.15%) ISA Server
10 21 (0.15%) KVM
11 19 (0.13%) Xen
12 17 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 16 (0.11%) Kamailio
13 16 (0.11%) OpenSIPS
14 15 (0.11%) vSphere
15 11 (0.078%) HDFS
16 8 (0.057%) Virtual Desktop
17 6 (0.043%) Ceph
18 5 (0.035%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 2,778 (19.72%) Kubernetes
2 1,226 (8.70%) Terraform
3 725 (5.15%) Ansible
4 378 (2.68%) Puppet
5 330 (2.34%) Opscode Chef
6 207 (1.47%) Prometheus
7 200 (1.42%) Grafana
8 150 (1.06%) Kibana
9 119 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
10 96 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
11 93 (0.66%) Istio
12 78 (0.55%) logstash
13 75 (0.53%) HP ALM
14 47 (0.33%) Packer
15 35 (0.25%) Oozie
16 31 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
16 31 (0.22%) Rancher
17 29 (0.21%) HAProxy
18 27 (0.19%) ZABBIX
19 25 (0.18%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 1,587 (11.26%) Microsoft
2 1,100 (7.81%) Google
3 605 (4.29%) Oracle
4 288 (2.04%) Splunk
5 181 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
5 181 (1.28%) SAP
6 172 (1.22%) IBM
7 164 (1.16%) Atlassian
8 143 (1.01%) VMware
9 122 (0.87%) Databricks
10 116 (0.82%) HP
11 104 (0.74%) New Relic
12 99 (0.70%) Apple
13 92 (0.65%) Red Hat
14 80 (0.57%) Perforce
15 75 (0.53%) ServiceNow
16 73 (0.52%) Xamarin
17 72 (0.51%) Dynatrace
18 68 (0.48%) LexisNexis
19 65 (0.46%) CrowdStrike