Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 31 30 29
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 +3
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 4,357 8,519 10,805
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 7.00% 6.75% 7.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.58% 7.33% 7.75%
Number of salaries quoted 3,913 6,899 8,849
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% -
10th Percentile £34,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 57,452 116,202 139,358
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.29% 92.13% 92.24%
Number of salaries quoted 46,434 93,044 111,336
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,850
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +1.11% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 3,970 £55,000 +4.76% 701
UK excluding London -1 2,478 £47,500 +5.56% 445
London +13 1,700 £67,500 +3.85% 311
South East +7 826 £50,000 - 96
North of England -6 655 £46,500 +3.33% 133
Work from Home -1 553 £52,500 - 139
South West -10 326 £42,500 -5.56% 42
Yorkshire -9 310 £45,000 - 56
Midlands -7 295 £47,500 +5.56% 57
North West -11 274 £50,000 +11.11% 61
West Midlands +2 197 £47,500 +5.56% 30
Scotland -5 163 £47,500 +5.56% 39
East of England -20 117 £51,250 -2.38% 57
East Midlands -15 97 £47,500 +5.56% 27
North East +6 71 £45,000 +13.92% 16
Wales -21 53 £40,000 -11.11% 9
Northern Ireland +12 36 £42,500 +6.25% 10
Isle of Man - 10 £49,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 2,550 (58.53%) Agile Software Development
2 1,455 (33.39%) Selenium
3 1,450 (33.28%) DevOps
4 1,408 (32.32%) Java
5 1,400 (32.13%) C#
6 1,338 (30.71%) QA
7 1,245 (28.57%) JavaScript
8 1,068 (24.51%) SQL
9 1,046 (24.01%) Azure
10 944 (21.67%) .NET
11 911 (20.91%) BDD
12 899 (20.63%) AWS
13 896 (20.56%) Python
14 879 (20.17%) TDD
15 847 (19.44%) Microservices
16 808 (18.54%) Continuous Integration
17 800 (18.36%) Scrum
18 724 (16.62%) Finance
19 672 (15.42%) Software Engineering
20 643 (14.76%) Git (software)
21 613 (14.07%) Docker
22 600 (13.77%) JIRA
23 587 (13.47%) Cucumber
24 575 (13.20%) Degree
25 558 (12.81%) Jenkins
26 532 (12.21%) SQL Server
27 526 (12.07%) React
28 508 (11.66%) REST
29 504 (11.57%) Mentoring
30 488 (11.20%) CSS

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 228 (5.23%) Confluence
2 119 (2.73%) SharePoint
3 53 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
4 42 (0.96%) Apache
5 41 (0.94%) CMS
6 25 (0.57%) WebSphere
7 24 (0.55%) Apache Spark
8 14 (0.32%) WordPress
9 13 (0.30%) IIS
9 13 (0.30%) NServiceBus
9 13 (0.30%) OpenStack
10 12 (0.28%) JBoss
11 10 (0.23%) Oracle Workflow
12 9 (0.21%) Drupal
12 9 (0.21%) EPiServer
12 9 (0.21%) Umbraco
13 7 (0.16%) GlassFish
13 7 (0.16%) nginx
13 7 (0.16%) Tomcat
13 7 (0.16%) WebLogic
Applications
1 38 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
4 15 (0.34%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 10 (0.23%) InVision
5 10 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.18%) Sketch
7 3 (0.069%) Figma
7 3 (0.069%) Simulink
8 2 (0.046%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 52 (1.19%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.46%) Dynamics NAV
3 17 (0.39%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 14 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
5 12 (0.28%) Magento
6 9 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
7 8 (0.18%) NetSuite
8 7 (0.16%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 5 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.11%) Epicor Tropos
9 5 (0.11%) thinkFolio
10 4 (0.092%) Adobe Campaign
10 4 (0.092%) BASE24
10 4 (0.092%) Oracle ERP
10 4 (0.092%) Temenos T24
11 2 (0.046%) Distributed Ledger
11 2 (0.046%) R3 Corda
11 2 (0.046%) SAP FI-CA
11 2 (0.046%) SAP PSCD
11 2 (0.046%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,046 (24.01%) Azure
2 899 (20.63%) AWS
3 320 (7.34%) SaaS
4 210 (4.82%) Serverless
5 193 (4.43%) GCP
6 175 (4.02%) GitHub
7 151 (3.47%) PaaS
8 134 (3.08%) AWS Lambda
9 101 (2.32%) Power Platform
10 92 (2.11%) Dynamics 365
11 59 (1.35%) BrowserStack
11 59 (1.35%) IaaS
12 48 (1.10%) AWS CloudFormation
12 48 (1.10%) Azure Data Factory
13 43 (0.99%) Amazon SQS
14 41 (0.94%) Azure Active Directory
15 33 (0.76%) OpenShift
16 32 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
17 30 (0.69%) Amazon S3
18 28 (0.64%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 97 (2.23%) HTTP
2 90 (2.07%) Skype
3 43 (0.99%) TCP/IP
4 38 (0.87%) Internet
5 31 (0.71%) Wireshark
6 28 (0.64%) Wireless
7 24 (0.55%) HTTPS
8 23 (0.53%) DNS
8 23 (0.53%) VoIP
9 22 (0.50%) RTP
10 21 (0.48%) Broadband
10 21 (0.48%) Ethernet
10 21 (0.48%) Wi-Fi
11 19 (0.44%) MQTT
11 19 (0.44%) Network Security
11 19 (0.44%) STUN
12 18 (0.41%) 802.11
12 18 (0.41%) Firewall
13 14 (0.32%) AMQP
13 14 (0.32%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 532 (12.21%) SQL Server
2 343 (7.87%) NoSQL
3 248 (5.69%) MongoDB
4 175 (4.02%) Relational Database
5 159 (3.65%) MySQL
6 132 (3.03%) PostgreSQL
7 93 (2.13%) Big Data
8 83 (1.90%) Azure SQL Database
9 79 (1.81%) Redis
10 66 (1.51%) Power BI
11 63 (1.45%) Data Warehouse
12 54 (1.24%) RDBMS
13 50 (1.15%) Data Lake
14 43 (0.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 38 (0.87%) Cosmos DB
16 37 (0.85%) Blockchain
17 36 (0.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 35 (0.80%) Hadoop
19 32 (0.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 28 (0.64%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 1,455 (33.39%) Selenium
2 643 (14.76%) Git (software)
3 600 (13.77%) JIRA
4 587 (13.47%) Cucumber
5 558 (12.81%) Jenkins
6 411 (9.43%) WebDriver
7 327 (7.51%) SpecFlow
8 304 (6.98%) Postman
9 299 (6.86%) Appium
10 205 (4.71%) JMeter
11 187 (4.29%) Cypress.io
12 182 (4.18%) SoapUI
13 168 (3.86%) Team Foundation Server
14 139 (3.19%) JUnit
15 130 (2.98%) Visual Studio Team System
16 128 (2.94%) TeamCity
17 122 (2.80%) Subversion
18 114 (2.62%) Visual Studio
19 106 (2.43%) Maven
20 99 (2.27%) GitLab
General
1 724 (16.62%) Finance
2 149 (3.42%) Banking
3 125 (2.87%) Public Sector
4 120 (2.75%) Games
5 104 (2.39%) Marketing
6 80 (1.84%) Retail
7 75 (1.72%) Telecoms
8 71 (1.63%) Electronics
9 64 (1.47%) Law
10 54 (1.24%) Back Office
11 46 (1.06%) Manufacturing
12 40 (0.92%) Advertising
12 40 (0.92%) Front Office
13 35 (0.80%) Automotive
14 32 (0.73%) Legal
15 29 (0.67%) Publishing
16 22 (0.50%) Aerospace
17 19 (0.44%) Investment Banking
17 19 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
18 12 (0.28%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,264 (29.01%) Developer
2 521 (11.96%) Tester
3 476 (10.92%) Test Engineer
4 409 (9.39%) Analyst
5 381 (8.74%) QA Engineer
6 355 (8.15%) Software Engineer
7 354 (8.12%) Test Analyst
8 335 (7.69%) Automation Tester
9 288 (6.61%) Senior Developer
10 243 (5.58%) Software Developer
11 230 (5.28%) Test Automation Engineer
12 218 (5.00%) DevOps Engineer
13 207 (4.75%) Java Developer
14 206 (4.73%) .NET Developer
14 206 (4.73%) C# Developer
15 175 (4.02%) Automation Test Analyst
16 165 (3.79%) Developer in Test
17 149 (3.42%) Automation Engineer
18 147 (3.37%) QA Analyst
19 136 (3.12%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 944 (21.67%) .NET
2 526 (12.07%) React
3 508 (11.66%) REST
4 488 (11.20%) CSS
5 442 (10.14%) RESTful
6 440 (10.10%) HTML
7 419 (9.62%) Node.js
8 361 (8.29%) .NET Core
9 357 (8.19%) AngularJS
10 349 (8.01%) Web Services
11 296 (6.79%) .NET Framework
12 249 (5.71%) JSON
13 227 (5.21%) jQuery
14 218 (5.00%) HTML5
14 218 (5.00%) Spring
15 210 (4.82%) Gherkin
16 188 (4.31%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 184 (4.22%) XML
18 175 (4.02%) ASP.NET Web API
19 148 (3.40%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 337 (7.73%) Mobile App
2 256 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
3 194 (4.45%) User Experience
4 142 (3.26%) Greenfield Project
5 112 (2.57%) Enterprise Software
6 101 (2.32%) Algorithms
7 85 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
8 83 (1.90%) Data Structures
8 83 (1.90%) N-Tier
9 74 (1.70%) Virtual Team
10 61 (1.40%) Cloud Native
11 58 (1.33%) Management Information System
12 40 (0.92%) Public Cloud
12 40 (0.92%) Social Network
13 39 (0.90%) Reinsurance
14 31 (0.71%) Blog
15 26 (0.60%) EPoS
16 25 (0.57%) Client/Server
17 24 (0.55%) Wiki
18 23 (0.53%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 441 (10.12%) Linux
2 265 (6.08%) Windows
3 185 (4.25%) Android
3 185 (4.25%) Apple iOS
4 107 (2.46%) Unix
5 29 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 25 (0.57%) CentOS
7 18 (0.41%) VMS
8 15 (0.34%) Debian
9 14 (0.32%) Mac OS X
10 11 (0.25%) Windows Server
11 10 (0.23%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.14%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.046%) Solaris
14 1 (0.023%) AIX
14 1 (0.023%) DC/OS
14 1 (0.023%) Embedded Linux
14 1 (0.023%) FreeBSD
14 1 (0.023%) Ubuntu
14 1 (0.023%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,550 (58.53%) Agile Software Development
2 1,450 (33.28%) DevOps
3 911 (20.91%) BDD
4 879 (20.17%) TDD
5 847 (19.44%) Microservices
6 808 (18.54%) Continuous Integration
7 800 (18.36%) Scrum
8 672 (15.42%) Software Engineering
9 504 (11.57%) Mentoring
10 459 (10.53%) SDLC
11 455 (10.44%) SDET
12 390 (8.95%) OO
13 387 (8.88%) API Testing
14 381 (8.74%) Problem-Solving
15 368 (8.45%) Test Scripting
16 362 (8.31%) Unit Testing
17 354 (8.12%) Fintech
18 332 (7.62%) Manual Testing
19 315 (7.23%) Test Strategy
20 308 (7.07%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,408 (32.32%) Java
2 1,400 (32.13%) C#
3 1,245 (28.57%) JavaScript
4 1,068 (24.51%) SQL
5 896 (20.56%) Python
6 333 (7.64%) TypeScript
7 298 (6.84%) C++
8 177 (4.06%) PowerShell
9 171 (3.92%) C
10 137 (3.14%) Ruby
11 132 (3.03%) T-SQL
12 129 (2.96%) PHP
13 128 (2.94%) Go
14 127 (2.91%) Scala
15 96 (2.20%) Bash Shell
16 94 (2.16%) Java 8
17 72 (1.65%) Kotlin
18 66 (1.51%) Shell Script
19 54 (1.24%) ES6
20 51 (1.17%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 575 (13.20%) Degree
2 287 (6.59%) ISTQB
3 255 (5.85%) Security Cleared
4 202 (4.64%) SC Cleared
5 166 (3.81%) ISEB
6 129 (2.96%) Computer Science Degree
7 98 (2.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 48 (1.10%) DV Cleared
9 32 (0.73%) HND
10 25 (0.57%) HNC
11 18 (0.41%) CFA
11 18 (0.41%) Master's Degree
12 17 (0.39%) ISEB Practitioner
13 15 (0.34%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 12 (0.28%) OSCP
15 10 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
15 10 (0.23%) SANS
16 9 (0.21%) CEH
17 7 (0.16%) CREST Certified
17 7 (0.16%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,338 (30.71%) QA
2 41 (0.94%) GDPR
3 36 (0.83%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (0.25%) SLA
6 9 (0.21%) ISO 9001
7 8 (0.18%) WCAG
8 6 (0.14%) MiFID
9 5 (0.11%) GAMP
9 5 (0.11%) MISRA
9 5 (0.11%) NCSC
9 5 (0.11%) PMO
10 4 (0.092%) ISO 8583
11 3 (0.069%) Government Security Classifications
11 3 (0.069%) ISO 13485
11 3 (0.069%) MISRA C
11 3 (0.069%) NIST
12 2 (0.046%) EMIR
12 2 (0.046%) GxP
13 1 (0.023%) GLP
System Software
1 613 (14.07%) Docker
2 37 (0.85%) Active Directory
3 32 (0.73%) Firmware
4 26 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (0.23%) KVM
6 9 (0.21%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.16%) Microcode
8 6 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 5 (0.11%) NDS
9 5 (0.11%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 5 (0.11%) vSphere
10 4 (0.092%) HDFS
10 4 (0.092%) Kamailio
10 4 (0.092%) OpenSIPS
11 2 (0.046%) Varnish
11 2 (0.046%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (0.046%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.023%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.023%) Shibboleth
12 1 (0.023%) Snort
Systems Management
1 458 (10.51%) Kubernetes
2 301 (6.91%) Terraform
3 208 (4.77%) Ansible
4 138 (3.17%) Puppet
5 130 (2.98%) Opscode Chef
6 49 (1.12%) Kibana
7 44 (1.01%) HP Quality Center
8 27 (0.62%) Istio
9 24 (0.55%) Fortio
9 24 (0.55%) Kiali
10 23 (0.53%) Prometheus
11 22 (0.50%) Graylog
11 22 (0.50%) Packer
12 16 (0.37%) Grafana
13 12 (0.28%) Nagios
14 10 (0.23%) Control-M
15 9 (0.21%) Marathon
15 9 (0.21%) Mesos
15 9 (0.21%) SCCM
16 8 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 467 (10.72%) Microsoft
2 148 (3.40%) Oracle
3 115 (2.64%) Google
4 76 (1.74%) VMware
5 53 (1.22%) Nintex
6 51 (1.17%) Xamarin
7 48 (1.10%) SAP
8 46 (1.06%) IBM
9 41 (0.94%) Atlassian
9 41 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
10 40 (0.92%) Databricks
11 36 (0.83%) Red Hat
12 34 (0.78%) Apple
13 31 (0.71%) Splunk
14 27 (0.62%) HP
15 23 (0.53%) Adobe
16 18 (0.41%) Sparx
17 16 (0.37%) Dell
18 15 (0.34%) Ceridian
19 13 (0.30%) Intel