Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 15 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 19,293 22,331 24,201
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.52% 12.66% 12.64%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.58% 31.36% 32.36%
Number of salaries quoted 16,782 19,772 21,736
UK median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £27,525 £27,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £68,750 £66,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £38,500
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +2.67%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 67,507 71,208 74,795
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.30% 40.36% 39.07%
Number of salaries quoted 55,951 58,871 64,858
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 18,294 £46,000 +2.22% 3,508
UK excluding London -2 12,068 £42,500 +6.25% 2,639
London 0 6,877 £60,000 +9.09% 1,074
South East +2 4,367 £45,000 +8.43% 654
North of England -2 2,728 £40,000 - 742
Midlands -4 1,711 £40,000 +6.67% 489
North West -3 1,510 £42,500 +6.25% 406
South West -1 1,457 £40,000 - 343
East of England -4 1,122 £42,500 -1.16% 207
Yorkshire -2 1,026 £40,000 - 275
West Midlands -6 946 £40,000 +11.11% 252
East Midlands 0 761 £40,000 +6.67% 236
Scotland -12 460 £45,000 +12.50% 124
North East +4 191 £37,500 +7.14% 61
Wales -11 168 £41,250 +17.86% 57
Northern Ireland +12 61 £34,000 -9.33% 25
Isle of Man +5 2 £52,500 -14.29%
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 17,958 (93.08%) HTML
2 16,663 (86.37%) JavaScript
3 8,558 (44.36%) Agile Software Development
4 7,707 (39.95%) C#
5 7,666 (39.73%) .NET
6 7,201 (37.32%) AngularJS
7 6,399 (33.17%) MVC
8 6,196 (32.12%) HTML5
9 5,928 (30.73%) jQuery
10 5,709 (29.59%) SQL
11 5,088 (26.37%) ASP.NET
12 4,697 (24.35%) SQL Server
13 4,545 (23.56%) CSS3
14 4,521 (23.43%) Web Development
15 4,158 (21.55%) Git (software)
16 3,963 (20.54%) Front End Development
17 3,847 (19.94%) React
18 3,637 (18.85%) Java
19 3,528 (18.29%) PHP
20 3,085 (15.99%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3,055 (15.83%) TDD
22 2,922 (15.15%) Finance
23 2,895 (15.01%) User Experience
24 2,887 (14.96%) Scrum
25 2,649 (13.73%) MySQL
26 2,560 (13.27%) Node.js
27 2,531 (13.12%) Microsoft
28 2,489 (12.90%) Web Services
29 2,452 (12.71%) Sass
30 2,375 (12.31%) Software Engineering

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,354 (7.02%) CMS
2 806 (4.18%) WordPress
3 586 (3.04%) Apache
4 581 (3.01%) SharePoint
5 495 (2.57%) Elasticsearch
6 439 (2.28%) IIS
7 402 (2.08%) Umbraco
8 395 (2.05%) Drupal
9 344 (1.78%) Tomcat
10 292 (1.51%) Confluence
11 240 (1.24%) Sitecore CMS
12 237 (1.23%) EPiServer
13 182 (0.94%) JBoss
14 181 (0.94%) nginx
15 147 (0.76%) SharePoint 2013
16 109 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 105 (0.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 102 (0.53%) WebLogic
19 92 (0.48%) Kentico
20 77 (0.40%) WebSphere
Applications
1 727 (3.77%) Photoshop
2 362 (1.88%) Adobe Illustrator
3 204 (1.06%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 137 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
5 118 (0.61%) InVision
6 101 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
7 67 (0.35%) Chatbot
8 52 (0.27%) InDesign
9 38 (0.20%) Adobe After Effects
10 31 (0.16%) GIMP
11 30 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 26 (0.13%) Fireworks
12 26 (0.13%) MS Visio
13 24 (0.12%) InfoPath
13 24 (0.12%) OmniGraffle
14 18 (0.093%) Acrobat
15 16 (0.083%) Microsoft Project
15 16 (0.083%) UXPin
16 11 (0.057%) RoboHelp
17 10 (0.052%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 313 (1.62%) Magento
2 212 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
3 58 (0.30%) Eloqua
4 45 (0.23%) Shopify
5 40 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
6 23 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
7 21 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
8 15 (0.078%) WebTrends
9 14 (0.073%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 13 (0.067%) NetSuite
10 13 (0.067%) Remedy ITSM
11 12 (0.062%) OpenCart
11 12 (0.062%) Oracle BPM
11 12 (0.062%) SAP Hybris
12 9 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
13 8 (0.041%) Actimize
13 8 (0.041%) SDL Web 8
14 7 (0.036%) Dynamics NAV
15 6 (0.031%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
16 5 (0.026%) Odoo
Cloud Services
1 2,213 (11.47%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,785 (9.25%) Amazon AWS
3 624 (3.23%) SaaS
4 585 (3.03%) npm
5 579 (3.00%) GitHub
6 215 (1.11%) Serverless
7 202 (1.05%) Office 365
8 164 (0.85%) Google Analytics
9 156 (0.81%) Google Cloud Platform
10 137 (0.71%) Amazon S3
11 134 (0.69%) PaaS
12 126 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
13 117 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
14 103 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
15 86 (0.45%) Adobe Creative Cloud
16 78 (0.40%) IaaS
17 77 (0.40%) Yarn
18 59 (0.31%) Slack
19 54 (0.28%) Dynamics 365
19 54 (0.28%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 424 (2.20%) HTTP
2 340 (1.76%) Internet
3 150 (0.78%) Intranet
4 109 (0.56%) TCP/IP
5 108 (0.56%) SMS
6 98 (0.51%) SSL
7 71 (0.37%) DNS
8 51 (0.26%) Broadband
9 43 (0.22%) Skype
10 39 (0.20%) Firewall
11 25 (0.13%) Wireless
12 22 (0.11%) Extranet
12 22 (0.11%) SSH
13 18 (0.093%) SNMP
14 17 (0.088%) LAN
15 16 (0.083%) VoIP
16 14 (0.073%) AMQP
16 14 (0.073%) WAN
17 13 (0.067%) Network Security
18 12 (0.062%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,697 (24.35%) SQL Server
2 2,649 (13.73%) MySQL
3 1,120 (5.81%) MongoDB
4 1,095 (5.68%) NoSQL
5 823 (4.27%) Relational Database
6 551 (2.86%) PostgreSQL
7 362 (1.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 295 (1.53%) Big Data
9 292 (1.51%) SQL Server 2016
10 287 (1.49%) Redis
11 278 (1.44%) SQL Server 2012
12 276 (1.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 264 (1.37%) SQL Server 2008
14 228 (1.18%) Blockchain
15 187 (0.97%) RDBMS
16 177 (0.92%) RavenDB
17 107 (0.55%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 104 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
19 97 (0.50%) SQL Server 2014
20 96 (0.50%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 4,158 (21.55%) Git (software)
2 1,164 (6.03%) Visual Studio
3 1,130 (5.86%) gulp
4 968 (5.02%) webpack
5 965 (5.00%) JIRA
6 942 (4.88%) Team Foundation Server
7 914 (4.74%) Jenkins
8 846 (4.39%) Subversion
9 807 (4.18%) Selenium
10 772 (4.00%) Grunt
11 527 (2.73%) Jasmine
12 481 (2.49%) Maven
13 441 (2.29%) TeamCity
14 437 (2.27%) JUnit
15 420 (2.18%) NUnit
16 378 (1.96%) Mocha
17 351 (1.82%) Protractor
18 337 (1.75%) Karma Test Runner
19 287 (1.49%) Octopus Deploy
20 237 (1.23%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,922 (15.15%) Finance
2 1,279 (6.63%) Marketing
3 1,035 (5.36%) Retail
4 648 (3.36%) Banking
5 606 (3.14%) Advertising
6 539 (2.79%) Games
7 306 (1.59%) Manufacturing
8 281 (1.46%) Telecoms
9 209 (1.08%) Automotive
10 185 (0.96%) Legal
11 171 (0.89%) Electronics
12 164 (0.85%) Investment Banking
13 145 (0.75%) Publishing
14 143 (0.74%) Financial Institution
15 141 (0.73%) Law
16 94 (0.49%) Back Office
17 76 (0.39%) Multimedia
18 51 (0.26%) Front Office
18 51 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
19 32 (0.17%) Military
Job Titles
1 15,587 (80.79%) Developer
2 3,843 (19.92%) .NET Developer
3 3,068 (15.90%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 2,844 (14.74%) C# Developer
5 2,544 (13.19%) Senior Developer
6 2,081 (10.79%) JavaScript Developer
7 1,908 (9.89%) Web Developer
8 1,904 (9.87%) C# .NET Developer
9 1,824 (9.45%) Software Developer
10 1,603 (8.31%) Full Stack Developer
11 1,592 (8.25%) PHP Developer
12 1,449 (7.51%) Java Developer
13 1,107 (5.74%) ASP.NET Developer
14 1,011 (5.24%) HTML Developer
15 957 (4.96%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 937 (4.86%) Software Engineer
17 918 (4.76%) Angular Developer
18 866 (4.49%) Junior
19 815 (4.22%) HTML CSS Developer
20 804 (4.17%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17,958 (93.08%) HTML
2 7,666 (39.73%) .NET
3 7,201 (37.32%) AngularJS
4 6,196 (32.12%) HTML5
5 5,928 (30.73%) jQuery
6 5,088 (26.37%) ASP.NET
7 4,545 (23.56%) CSS3
8 3,847 (19.94%) React
9 3,085 (15.99%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,560 (13.27%) Node.js
11 2,489 (12.90%) Web Services
12 2,452 (12.71%) Sass
13 2,232 (11.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 2,084 (10.80%) RESTful
15 2,046 (10.60%) .NET Framework
16 1,973 (10.23%) ASP.NET Web API
16 1,973 (10.23%) REST
17 1,821 (9.44%) XML
18 1,540 (7.98%) Ajax
19 1,458 (7.56%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,895 (15.01%) User Experience
2 1,347 (6.98%) Computer Science
3 1,314 (6.81%) Greenfield Project
4 1,091 (5.65%) Mobile App
5 848 (4.40%) Fintech
6 842 (4.36%) Analytical Skills
7 644 (3.34%) Self-Motivation
8 500 (2.59%) Enterprise Software
9 171 (0.89%) Algorithms
10 170 (0.88%) Graphic Design
10 170 (0.88%) Social Media
11 167 (0.87%) N-Tier
12 159 (0.82%) Linux Command Line
13 150 (0.78%) Data Structures
14 139 (0.72%) Management Information System
15 123 (0.64%) W3C
16 110 (0.57%) Hedge funds
17 101 (0.52%) Virtual Team
18 97 (0.50%) Tandem
19 85 (0.44%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,589 (8.24%) Linux
2 879 (4.56%) Windows
3 635 (3.29%) Android
4 570 (2.95%) Apple iOS
5 318 (1.65%) Unix
6 146 (0.76%) Windows Server
7 61 (0.32%) Ubuntu
8 57 (0.30%) Mac OS
9 45 (0.23%) Mac OS X
10 35 (0.18%) Debian
11 34 (0.18%) CentOS
11 34 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
12 29 (0.15%) VMS
13 20 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 16 (0.083%) Windows 10
15 15 (0.078%) openSUSE
16 12 (0.062%) Nucleus RTOS
16 12 (0.062%) Windows Phone
16 12 (0.062%) Windows Server 2008
17 11 (0.057%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,558 (44.36%) Agile Software Development
2 6,399 (33.17%) MVC
3 4,521 (23.43%) Web Development
4 3,963 (20.54%) Front End Development
5 3,055 (15.83%) TDD
6 2,887 (14.96%) Scrum
7 2,375 (12.31%) Software Engineering
8 2,177 (11.28%) OO
9 1,768 (9.16%) Problem-Solving
10 1,671 (8.66%) Unit Testing
11 1,612 (8.36%) Continuous Integration
12 1,578 (8.18%) E-Commerce
13 1,520 (7.88%) Test Automation
14 1,245 (6.45%) BDD
15 1,159 (6.01%) Microservices
16 1,158 (6.00%) OOP
17 1,146 (5.94%) SDLC
18 1,098 (5.69%) Responsive Web Design
19 1,088 (5.64%) DevOps
20 1,071 (5.55%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 16,663 (86.37%) JavaScript
2 7,707 (39.95%) C#
3 5,709 (29.59%) SQL
4 3,637 (18.85%) Java
5 3,528 (18.29%) PHP
6 1,424 (7.38%) Python
7 1,150 (5.96%) T-SQL
8 1,135 (5.88%) TypeScript
9 1,006 (5.21%) ES6
10 568 (2.94%) C++
11 562 (2.91%) Ruby
12 549 (2.85%) VB.NET
13 437 (2.27%) Java 8
14 284 (1.47%) PowerShell
15 268 (1.39%) C
15 268 (1.39%) PL/SQL
16 233 (1.21%) Scala
17 174 (0.90%) Bash Shell
17 174 (0.90%) Perl
18 151 (0.78%) VB
Qualifications
1 2,316 (12.00%) Degree
2 830 (4.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 143 (0.74%) Security Cleared
4 137 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
5 75 (0.39%) SC Cleared
6 60 (0.31%) Master's Degree
7 49 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
8 48 (0.25%) SAFe Agilist
9 46 (0.24%) PhD
10 38 (0.20%) DBS Check
11 36 (0.19%) DV Cleared
12 23 (0.12%) ISTQB
13 22 (0.11%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 20 (0.10%) MCSD
15 17 (0.088%) HND
15 17 (0.088%) ISEB
16 16 (0.083%) ITIL Certification
17 15 (0.078%) MCTS
18 14 (0.073%) MCAD
19 13 (0.067%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 706 (3.66%) QA
2 74 (0.38%) SLA
3 73 (0.38%) GDPR
4 59 (0.31%) WCAG
5 33 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 31 (0.16%) Data Quality
6 31 (0.16%) ISO 9001
7 29 (0.15%) PCI DSS
8 19 (0.098%) WAI
9 14 (0.073%) Disclosure Scotland
10 8 (0.041%) DICOM
10 8 (0.041%) PMO
11 5 (0.026%) HL7
11 5 (0.026%) ISO 14001
12 3 (0.016%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.016%) JSP 440
13 2 (0.010%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 2 (0.010%) PA-DSS
13 2 (0.010%) Solvency II
13 2 (0.010%) Web Application Security Consortium
System Software
1 836 (4.33%) Docker
2 108 (0.56%) Active Directory
3 71 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
4 31 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
5 23 (0.12%) GridGain
5 23 (0.12%) Varnish
6 11 (0.057%) LXC
7 10 (0.052%) HDFS
7 10 (0.052%) Hyper-V
8 8 (0.041%) VirtualBox
9 7 (0.036%) Firmware
10 5 (0.026%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.016%) KVM
11 3 (0.016%) Microsoft App-V
11 3 (0.016%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.010%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.010%) Squid
12 2 (0.010%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.010%) Virtual Desktop
13 1 (0.005%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 223 (1.16%) Kubernetes
2 176 (0.91%) Ansible
3 152 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
4 127 (0.66%) Puppet
5 101 (0.52%) Terraform
6 41 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
7 37 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
8 26 (0.13%) Salt
9 23 (0.12%) Kibana
10 22 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
11 17 (0.088%) Prometheus
11 17 (0.088%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 16 (0.083%) cPanel
13 15 (0.078%) HAProxy
13 15 (0.078%) logstash
13 15 (0.078%) Nagios
14 11 (0.057%) Graphite
14 11 (0.057%) SCCM
14 11 (0.057%) SCOM
15 10 (0.052%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 2,531 (13.12%) Microsoft
2 923 (4.78%) Oracle
3 735 (3.81%) Adobe
4 694 (3.60%) Google
5 317 (1.64%) Sitecore
6 282 (1.46%) Xamarin
7 253 (1.31%) Zend
8 234 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
9 181 (0.94%) Twitter
10 166 (0.86%) SAP
11 103 (0.53%) Facebook
12 96 (0.50%) Nintex
13 85 (0.44%) Tableau
14 84 (0.44%) IBM
15 78 (0.40%) Marketo
16 73 (0.38%) ServiceNow
17 64 (0.33%) hybris
18 62 (0.32%) Splunk
18 62 (0.32%) Telerik
19 56 (0.29%) Atlassian