Period
to 21 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 14 15 15
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 22925 24854 26440
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.02% 12.61% 12.11%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 32.14% 32.52% 31.98%
Number of salaries quoted 20317 22314 23191
UK median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,250 £25,000
90th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £39,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00% +5.63%

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 71321 76425 82669
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 40.52% 38.78% 37.87%
Number of salaries quoted 59279 66362 70509
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 21 August 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 21607 £42,500 - 1721
UK excluding London +2 14832 £40,000 +2.56% 1230
London -4 7671 £55,000 +4.76% 569
South East +2 4352 £40,000 - 272
North of England +1 3815 £38,500 +2.67% 384
Midlands +3 2589 £37,000 +2.78% 213
North West +1 2117 £40,000 +6.67% 219
West Midlands +3 1617 £36,000 +2.86% 105
East of England +2 1599 £42,750 +6.88% 125
South West +1 1590 £40,000 +6.67% 155
Yorkshire +1 1548 £40,000 +6.67% 150
East Midlands +6 967 £37,500 - 108
Scotland +2 614 £40,000 - 53
Wales 0 282 £35,000 -2.78% 21
North East 0 153 £35,000 +12.45% 15
Northern Ireland -11 31 £36,250 +5.84% 6
Isle of Man - 2 £53,750 - 1

For the 6 months to 21 August 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 21673 (94.54%) HTML
2 19725 (86.04%) JavaScript
3 9594 (41.85%) Agile Software Development
4 9090 (39.65%) .NET
5 8921 (38.91%) C#
6 8457 (36.89%) HTML5
7 8449 (36.85%) AngularJS
8 8155 (35.57%) jQuery
9 7947 (34.67%) MVC
10 6743 (29.41%) SQL
11 6558 (28.61%) ASP.NET
12 6003 (26.19%) Web Development
13 5911 (25.78%) CSS3
14 5727 (24.98%) SQL Server
15 4851 (21.16%) PHP
16 4659 (20.32%) Front End Development
17 4241 (18.50%) Git (software)
18 4235 (18.47%) Java
19 4097 (17.87%) TDD
20 3803 (16.59%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3659 (15.96%) Scrum
22 3517 (15.34%) React
23 3487 (15.21%) MySQL
24 3318 (14.47%) User Experience
25 3293 (14.36%) OO
26 3278 (14.30%) Node.js
27 3201 (13.96%) Web Services
28 3156 (13.77%) Finance
29 3048 (13.30%) Microsoft
30 2968 (12.95%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1805 (7.87%) CMS
2 973 (4.24%) WordPress
3 745 (3.25%) Apache
4 693 (3.02%) IIS
5 605 (2.64%) SharePoint
6 563 (2.46%) Drupal
7 490 (2.14%) Umbraco
8 444 (1.94%) Tomcat
9 417 (1.82%) Elasticsearch
10 289 (1.26%) Sitecore CMS
11 246 (1.07%) nginx
12 234 (1.02%) Confluence
13 221 (0.96%) JBoss
14 216 (0.94%) EPiServer
15 194 (0.85%) WebSphere
16 191 (0.83%) SharePoint 2013
17 188 (0.82%) Apache Solr
18 114 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 105 (0.46%) NServiceBus
20 99 (0.43%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 1019 (4.44%) Photoshop
2 507 (2.21%) Adobe Illustrator
3 307 (1.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 216 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
5 183 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
6 151 (0.66%) InVision
7 84 (0.37%) InDesign
8 59 (0.26%) MS Visio
9 46 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 41 (0.18%) FileZilla
11 37 (0.16%) InfoPath
12 33 (0.14%) UXPin
13 30 (0.13%) Fireworks
14 22 (0.096%) GIMP
14 22 (0.096%) OmniGraffle
15 21 (0.092%) Adobe Premiere
16 18 (0.079%) Adobe After Effects
16 18 (0.079%) Moqups
17 11 (0.048%) Chatbot
17 11 (0.048%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 489 (2.13%) Magento
2 168 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
3 82 (0.36%) Eloqua
4 73 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
5 61 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
6 46 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
7 42 (0.18%) Shopify
8 33 (0.14%) WebTrends
9 27 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
10 17 (0.074%) Dynamics AX
11 15 (0.065%) OpenCart
11 15 (0.065%) Oracle EBS
12 14 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 11 (0.048%) SessionCam
13 11 (0.048%) Social Studio
14 10 (0.044%) Remedy ITSM
15 9 (0.039%) Cognos Business Intelligence
16 8 (0.035%) Maximo
16 8 (0.035%) Movex
16 8 (0.035%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 1693 (7.38%) Microsoft Azure
2 1485 (6.48%) Amazon AWS
3 766 (3.34%) SaaS
4 735 (3.21%) GitHub
5 236 (1.03%) Google Analytics
6 227 (0.99%) Office 365
7 206 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
8 201 (0.88%) PaaS
9 117 (0.51%) IaaS
10 95 (0.41%) Google Cloud Platform
11 77 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
12 72 (0.31%) Amazon S3
13 69 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
14 55 (0.24%) Adobe Analytics
15 46 (0.20%) Google Play
16 45 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 42 (0.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 42 (0.18%) Force.com
17 42 (0.18%) Heroku
18 41 (0.18%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 650 (2.84%) HTTP
2 544 (2.37%) Internet
3 188 (0.82%) Intranet
4 150 (0.65%) DNS
5 131 (0.57%) TCP/IP
6 110 (0.48%) SSL
7 90 (0.39%) FTP
8 71 (0.31%) Firewall
9 65 (0.28%) SMTP
10 64 (0.28%) Skype
11 51 (0.22%) SMS
12 49 (0.21%) LDAP
13 44 (0.19%) LAN
14 40 (0.17%) SSH
15 37 (0.16%) BGP
15 37 (0.16%) Wireless
16 36 (0.16%) EIGRP
17 35 (0.15%) WAN
18 34 (0.15%) Broadband
19 33 (0.14%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5727 (24.98%) SQL Server
2 3487 (15.21%) MySQL
3 1133 (4.94%) NoSQL
4 1099 (4.79%) MongoDB
5 986 (4.30%) Relational Database
6 508 (2.22%) SQL Server 2008
7 492 (2.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 464 (2.02%) PostgreSQL
9 455 (1.98%) SQL Server 2012
10 420 (1.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 337 (1.47%) Redis
12 328 (1.43%) Big Data
13 320 (1.40%) SQL Server 2014
14 274 (1.20%) RDBMS
15 237 (1.03%) Apache Cassandra
16 160 (0.70%) Hadoop
16 160 (0.70%) SQL Server 2016
17 155 (0.68%) RavenDB
18 142 (0.62%) Data Warehouse
19 134 (0.58%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 4241 (18.50%) Git (software)
2 1401 (6.11%) Visual Studio
3 1258 (5.49%) Subversion
4 1185 (5.17%) gulp
5 1068 (4.66%) Team Foundation Server
6 954 (4.16%) Grunt
7 886 (3.86%) JIRA
8 806 (3.52%) Jenkins
9 773 (3.37%) Selenium
10 740 (3.23%) NUnit
11 689 (3.01%) Jasmine
12 637 (2.78%) webpack
13 469 (2.05%) JUnit
14 463 (2.02%) TeamCity
15 380 (1.66%) Karma Test Runner
16 353 (1.54%) Maven
17 333 (1.45%) Mocha
18 262 (1.14%) Bitbucket
19 250 (1.09%) Protractor
20 236 (1.03%) Bower
General
1 3156 (13.77%) Finance
2 1806 (7.88%) Marketing
3 1110 (4.84%) Retail
4 712 (3.11%) Games
5 593 (2.59%) Banking
6 545 (2.38%) Telecoms
7 516 (2.25%) Advertising
8 473 (2.06%) Electronics
9 440 (1.92%) Manufacturing
10 334 (1.46%) Legal
11 242 (1.06%) Publishing
12 186 (0.81%) Automotive
13 152 (0.66%) Back Office
14 121 (0.53%) Law
15 110 (0.48%) Financial Institution
16 94 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
17 82 (0.36%) Multimedia
18 72 (0.31%) Music Industry
19 65 (0.28%) Investment Banking
20 64 (0.28%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 19001 (82.88%) Developer
2 5037 (21.97%) .NET Developer
3 3635 (15.86%) C# Developer
4 3624 (15.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 3190 (13.91%) JavaScript Developer
6 3148 (13.73%) Senior Developer
7 2914 (12.71%) Web Developer
8 2726 (11.89%) C# .NET Developer
9 2400 (10.47%) PHP Developer
10 1857 (8.10%) ASP.NET Developer
11 1856 (8.10%) Software Developer
12 1788 (7.80%) HTML Developer
13 1546 (6.74%) Java Developer
14 1506 (6.57%) Full Stack Developer
15 1502 (6.55%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1480 (6.46%) HTML CSS Developer
17 1122 (4.89%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
18 1114 (4.86%) Junior
19 1049 (4.58%) Angular Developer
20 995 (4.34%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21673 (94.54%) HTML
2 9090 (39.65%) .NET
3 8457 (36.89%) HTML5
4 8449 (36.85%) AngularJS
5 8155 (35.57%) jQuery
6 6558 (28.61%) ASP.NET
7 5911 (25.78%) CSS3
8 3803 (16.59%) ASP.NET MVC
9 3517 (15.34%) React
10 3278 (14.30%) Node.js
11 3201 (13.96%) Web Services
12 2704 (11.79%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2640 (11.52%) Sass
14 2592 (11.31%) XML
15 2391 (10.43%) Ajax
16 2280 (9.95%) .NET Framework
17 2211 (9.64%) REST
18 2065 (9.01%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1987 (8.67%) JSON
20 1758 (7.67%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 3318 (14.47%) User Experience
2 1816 (7.92%) Computer Science
3 1500 (6.54%) Greenfield Project
4 1402 (6.12%) Mobile App
5 1033 (4.51%) Analytical Skills
6 646 (2.82%) Fintech
7 412 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
8 382 (1.67%) iPad
9 323 (1.41%) Social Media
10 234 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
11 211 (0.92%) Algorithms
12 175 (0.76%) Data Structures
13 169 (0.74%) Graphic Design
14 160 (0.70%) e-Learning
15 148 (0.65%) W3C
16 145 (0.63%) N-Tier
17 129 (0.56%) Management Information System
18 108 (0.47%) Digital Media
19 96 (0.42%) Client/Server
20 91 (0.40%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2195 (9.57%) Linux
2 1158 (5.05%) Windows
3 1091 (4.76%) Android
4 996 (4.34%) Apple iOS
5 367 (1.60%) Unix
6 254 (1.11%) Windows Server
7 80 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 73 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
9 61 (0.27%) CentOS
10 54 (0.24%) Mac OS X
11 50 (0.22%) Debian
12 49 (0.21%) Windows 7
13 46 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
14 40 (0.17%) Windows Phone
15 38 (0.17%) Windows 10
16 34 (0.15%) AIX
17 31 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 27 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
19 23 (0.10%) Mac OS
20 18 (0.079%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 9594 (41.85%) Agile Software Development
2 7947 (34.67%) MVC
3 6003 (26.19%) Web Development
4 4659 (20.32%) Front End Development
5 4097 (17.87%) TDD
6 3659 (15.96%) Scrum
7 3293 (14.36%) OO
8 2507 (10.94%) Software Engineering
9 2180 (9.51%) E-Commerce
10 1782 (7.77%) Continuous Integration
11 1670 (7.28%) Unit Testing
12 1655 (7.22%) OOP
13 1511 (6.59%) SDLC
14 1433 (6.25%) Test Automation
15 1414 (6.17%) BDD
16 1405 (6.13%) Responsive Web Design
17 1211 (5.28%) Mentoring
18 1074 (4.68%) DevOps
19 1024 (4.47%) Web Design
20 985 (4.30%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 19725 (86.04%) JavaScript
2 8921 (38.91%) C#
3 6743 (29.41%) SQL
4 4851 (21.16%) PHP
5 4235 (18.47%) Java
6 1436 (6.26%) T-SQL
7 1318 (5.75%) Python
8 969 (4.23%) TypeScript
9 885 (3.86%) ES6
10 859 (3.75%) VB.NET
11 826 (3.60%) Ruby
12 706 (3.08%) C++
13 444 (1.94%) C
14 359 (1.57%) PL/SQL
15 313 (1.37%) Scala
16 292 (1.27%) VB
17 289 (1.26%) Objective-C
18 253 (1.10%) PowerShell
19 240 (1.05%) Perl
20 176 (0.77%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 2968 (12.95%) Degree
2 1040 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 260 (1.13%) Microsoft Certification
4 197 (0.86%) Security Cleared
5 97 (0.42%) SC Cleared
6 69 (0.30%) MCP
7 57 (0.25%) PhD
8 56 (0.24%) Master's Degree
9 54 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
10 43 (0.19%) CCNP
10 43 (0.19%) HND
10 43 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
11 38 (0.17%) MCSD
12 34 (0.15%) DBS Check
13 33 (0.14%) ISEB
13 33 (0.14%) PMI Certification
14 30 (0.13%) MCSE
15 28 (0.12%) CCNA
15 28 (0.12%) MCPD
16 25 (0.11%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 652 (2.84%) QA
2 75 (0.33%) WCAG
3 69 (0.30%) SLA
4 32 (0.14%) ISO 9001
5 21 (0.092%) PCI DSS
6 18 (0.079%) WAI
7 13 (0.057%) GCP
8 12 (0.052%) Data Quality
8 12 (0.052%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 10 (0.044%) ISO 14001
10 5 (0.022%) COBIT
10 5 (0.022%) GAMP
10 5 (0.022%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 5 (0.022%) Section 508
11 4 (0.017%) HIPAA
11 4 (0.017%) PMO
12 2 (0.009%) HL7
12 2 (0.009%) MiFID
13 1 (0.004%) DICOM
13 1 (0.004%) RMADS
System Software
1 605 (2.64%) Docker
2 115 (0.50%) Active Directory
3 39 (0.17%) Varnish
4 22 (0.096%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.074%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 12 (0.052%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (0.048%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.039%) HDFS
9 8 (0.035%) DFS Replication
9 8 (0.035%) Virtual Servers
10 5 (0.022%) etcd
11 4 (0.017%) Samba
11 4 (0.017%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.017%) Xen
12 3 (0.013%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.013%) Tivoli Directory Server
13 2 (0.009%) Firmware
13 2 (0.009%) ISA Server
13 2 (0.009%) Snort
13 2 (0.009%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 201 (0.88%) Puppet
2 142 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
3 134 (0.58%) Ansible
4 127 (0.55%) Kubernetes
5 45 (0.20%) Terraform
6 37 (0.16%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 30 (0.13%) Salt
8 29 (0.13%) HAProxy
9 27 (0.12%) Capistrano
10 26 (0.11%) Kibana
11 24 (0.10%) cPanel
12 22 (0.096%) Nagios
13 20 (0.087%) logstash
14 11 (0.048%) ZABBIX
15 10 (0.044%) Graphite
16 9 (0.039%) Control-M
16 9 (0.039%) EMC NetWorker
17 8 (0.035%) Consul
17 8 (0.035%) Prometheus
17 8 (0.035%) WSUS
Vendors
1 3048 (13.30%) Microsoft
2 1201 (5.24%) Oracle
3 953 (4.16%) Adobe
4 636 (2.77%) Google
5 568 (2.48%) Zend
6 411 (1.79%) Xamarin
7 404 (1.76%) SAP
8 397 (1.73%) Sitecore
9 194 (0.85%) hybris
10 183 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
11 181 (0.79%) IBM
12 124 (0.54%) Twitter
13 107 (0.47%) Facebook
14 95 (0.41%) Demandware
15 89 (0.39%) ATG
15 89 (0.39%) Atlassian
16 88 (0.38%) Cognizant
17 83 (0.36%) ServiceNow
18 73 (0.32%) Apple
19 71 (0.31%) PayPal