Period
to 23 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 23 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 15 15 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 22005 23962 26665
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.54% 12.64% 12.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 31.20% 32.48% 32.16%
Number of salaries quoted 19496 21574 23732
UK median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £27,250 £26,500 £26,000
90th Percentile £68,750 £67,500 £63,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £38,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year +3.90% +2.67% +5.63%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 70534 73771 82924
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.18% 38.90% 37.91%
Number of salaries quoted 58404 63963 70921
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 20713 £45,000 +5.88% 1344
UK excluding London +1 14118 £40,000 +3.90% 967
London -8 7451 £55,000 +4.76% 433
South East +3 4314 £42,500 +6.25% 260
North of England +1 3430 £40,000 +6.67% 265
Midlands +4 2416 £37,000 +2.78% 193
North West 0 2013 £40,000 +6.67% 141
South West 0 1590 £40,000 +6.67% 93
West Midlands +3 1574 £36,000 +2.86% 83
East of England 0 1519 £42,750 +6.88% 99
Yorkshire +1 1274 £40,000 +6.67% 101
East Midlands +3 839 £37,500 - 109
Scotland -4 579 £40,000 - 30
Wales -2 254 £35,000 -6.67% 16
North East -3 146 £37,500 +15.38% 23
Northern Ireland +1 55 £37,500 +25.00% 11
Isle of Man - 2 £61,250 -

For the 6 months to 23 October 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 20781 (94.44%) HTML
2 18923 (85.99%) JavaScript
3 9368 (42.57%) Agile Software Development
4 8730 (39.67%) .NET
5 8605 (39.10%) C#
6 8056 (36.61%) AngularJS
7 7901 (35.91%) HTML5
8 7863 (35.73%) jQuery
9 7631 (34.68%) MVC
10 6413 (29.14%) SQL
11 6150 (27.95%) ASP.NET
12 5598 (25.44%) Web Development
13 5498 (24.99%) SQL Server
14 5480 (24.90%) CSS3
15 4695 (21.34%) Front End Development
16 4597 (20.89%) PHP
17 4118 (18.71%) Git (software)
18 4097 (18.62%) Java
19 3822 (17.37%) TDD
20 3650 (16.59%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3526 (16.02%) React
22 3516 (15.98%) Scrum
23 3408 (15.49%) User Experience
24 3263 (14.83%) Finance
25 3255 (14.79%) Node.js
26 3209 (14.58%) MySQL
27 3088 (14.03%) Web Services
28 3061 (13.91%) OO
29 2930 (13.32%) Microsoft
30 2810 (12.77%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1656 (7.53%) CMS
2 930 (4.23%) WordPress
3 716 (3.25%) Apache
4 686 (3.12%) IIS
5 620 (2.82%) SharePoint
6 482 (2.19%) Drupal
7 472 (2.14%) Umbraco
8 444 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
9 368 (1.67%) Tomcat
10 253 (1.15%) Sitecore CMS
11 211 (0.96%) nginx
12 207 (0.94%) Confluence
12 207 (0.94%) EPiServer
13 200 (0.91%) JBoss
14 175 (0.80%) SharePoint 2013
15 170 (0.77%) Apache Solr
16 152 (0.69%) WebSphere
17 126 (0.57%) Apache Spark
18 125 (0.57%) NServiceBus
19 103 (0.47%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 1035 (4.70%) Photoshop
2 562 (2.55%) Adobe Illustrator
3 332 (1.51%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 206 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
5 164 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
6 145 (0.66%) InVision
7 86 (0.39%) InDesign
8 46 (0.21%) InfoPath
9 39 (0.18%) FileZilla
10 37 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 35 (0.16%) MS Visio
12 24 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
12 24 (0.11%) GIMP
13 22 (0.100%) UXPin
14 21 (0.095%) OmniGraffle
15 20 (0.091%) Fireworks
16 18 (0.082%) Moqups
17 17 (0.077%) Adobe Premiere
18 11 (0.050%) Chatbot
19 9 (0.041%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 477 (2.17%) Magento
2 188 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
3 73 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
4 60 (0.27%) Eloqua
5 47 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
6 44 (0.20%) Shopify
7 42 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
8 36 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
9 31 (0.14%) WebTrends
10 26 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
11 25 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
12 24 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 19 (0.086%) Dynamics AX
13 19 (0.086%) OpenCart
14 10 (0.045%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 9 (0.041%) SessionCam
15 9 (0.041%) Social Studio
16 8 (0.036%) Maximo
16 8 (0.036%) Movex
16 8 (0.036%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 1756 (7.98%) Microsoft Azure
2 1469 (6.68%) Amazon AWS
3 827 (3.76%) SaaS
4 689 (3.13%) GitHub
5 451 (2.05%) npm
6 247 (1.12%) Office 365
7 214 (0.97%) Google Analytics
8 203 (0.92%) PaaS
9 170 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
10 122 (0.55%) IaaS
11 113 (0.51%) Serverless
12 105 (0.48%) Google Cloud Platform
13 79 (0.36%) Amazon S3
14 77 (0.35%) Amazon EC2
15 70 (0.32%) AWS Lambda
16 64 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 55 (0.25%) Google Play
18 49 (0.22%) Firebase
19 48 (0.22%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
20 41 (0.19%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 619 (2.81%) HTTP
2 581 (2.64%) Internet
3 171 (0.78%) Intranet
4 136 (0.62%) DNS
5 111 (0.50%) SMS
6 107 (0.49%) TCP/IP
7 105 (0.48%) SSL
8 99 (0.45%) FTP
9 66 (0.30%) Firewall
10 65 (0.30%) SMTP
11 56 (0.25%) Skype
12 42 (0.19%) LDAP
13 38 (0.17%) VPN
14 36 (0.16%) Wireless
15 35 (0.16%) DHCP
16 34 (0.15%) Broadband
17 26 (0.12%) SSH
18 23 (0.10%) ATM
19 22 (0.100%) Extranet
19 22 (0.100%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5498 (24.99%) SQL Server
2 3209 (14.58%) MySQL
3 1134 (5.15%) NoSQL
4 1048 (4.76%) MongoDB
5 994 (4.52%) Relational Database
6 451 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 439 (2.00%) PostgreSQL
8 398 (1.81%) SQL Server 2008
9 361 (1.64%) Redis
10 356 (1.62%) Big Data
10 356 (1.62%) SQL Server 2012
11 334 (1.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 278 (1.26%) SQL Server 2014
13 248 (1.13%) RDBMS
14 207 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
15 170 (0.77%) Hadoop
16 164 (0.75%) SQL Server 2016
17 160 (0.73%) RavenDB
18 141 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
19 111 (0.50%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 4118 (18.71%) Git (software)
2 1265 (5.75%) Visual Studio
3 1165 (5.29%) Subversion
4 1091 (4.96%) gulp
5 969 (4.40%) Team Foundation Server
6 897 (4.08%) JIRA
7 862 (3.92%) Grunt
8 758 (3.44%) Jenkins
9 738 (3.35%) NUnit
10 697 (3.17%) Selenium
11 634 (2.88%) webpack
12 612 (2.78%) Jasmine
13 438 (1.99%) TeamCity
14 435 (1.98%) JUnit
15 336 (1.53%) Karma Test Runner
15 336 (1.53%) Maven
16 318 (1.45%) Mocha
17 299 (1.36%) Bitbucket
18 248 (1.13%) Moq
19 243 (1.10%) Protractor
General
1 3263 (14.83%) Finance
2 1751 (7.96%) Marketing
3 1418 (6.44%) Retail
4 707 (3.21%) Banking
5 640 (2.91%) Games
6 554 (2.52%) Advertising
7 524 (2.38%) Telecoms
8 452 (2.05%) Manufacturing
9 428 (1.95%) Electronics
10 333 (1.51%) Legal
11 188 (0.85%) Automotive
12 180 (0.82%) Publishing
13 161 (0.73%) Back Office
14 109 (0.50%) Law
15 106 (0.48%) Financial Institution
16 103 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
17 91 (0.41%) Investment Banking
18 86 (0.39%) Multimedia
19 80 (0.36%) Front Office
20 68 (0.31%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 18052 (82.04%) Developer
2 4740 (21.54%) .NET Developer
3 3549 (16.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 3407 (15.48%) C# Developer
5 3027 (13.76%) Senior Developer
6 2971 (13.50%) JavaScript Developer
7 2598 (11.81%) Web Developer
8 2558 (11.62%) C# .NET Developer
9 2271 (10.32%) PHP Developer
10 1756 (7.98%) Software Developer
11 1681 (7.64%) ASP.NET Developer
12 1646 (7.48%) HTML Developer
13 1537 (6.98%) Full Stack Developer
14 1413 (6.42%) Java Developer
15 1387 (6.30%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1375 (6.25%) HTML CSS Developer
17 1146 (5.21%) Junior
18 1125 (5.11%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 1064 (4.84%) Angular Developer
20 1029 (4.68%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20781 (94.44%) HTML
2 8730 (39.67%) .NET
3 8056 (36.61%) AngularJS
4 7901 (35.91%) HTML5
5 7863 (35.73%) jQuery
6 6150 (27.95%) ASP.NET
7 5480 (24.90%) CSS3
8 3650 (16.59%) ASP.NET MVC
9 3526 (16.02%) React
10 3255 (14.79%) Node.js
11 3088 (14.03%) Web Services
12 2655 (12.07%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2617 (11.89%) Sass
14 2435 (11.07%) XML
15 2203 (10.01%) REST
16 2142 (9.73%) Ajax
17 2096 (9.53%) .NET Framework
18 1930 (8.77%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1881 (8.55%) JSON
20 1796 (8.16%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 3408 (15.49%) User Experience
2 1693 (7.69%) Computer Science
3 1451 (6.59%) Greenfield Project
4 1329 (6.04%) Mobile App
5 968 (4.40%) Analytical Skills
6 728 (3.31%) Fintech
7 407 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
8 316 (1.44%) Social Media
9 266 (1.21%) iPad
10 235 (1.07%) Algorithms
11 183 (0.83%) Graphic Design
12 165 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
13 159 (0.72%) W3C
14 146 (0.66%) Data Structures
15 119 (0.54%) Digital Media
16 116 (0.53%) N-Tier
17 105 (0.48%) e-Learning
18 104 (0.47%) Management Information System
19 97 (0.44%) Virtual Team
20 95 (0.43%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 2006 (9.12%) Linux
2 1122 (5.10%) Windows
3 1027 (4.67%) Android
4 907 (4.12%) Apple iOS
5 414 (1.88%) Unix
6 251 (1.14%) Windows Server
7 80 (0.36%) Ubuntu
8 70 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
9 60 (0.27%) Windows 7
10 52 (0.24%) Debian
11 46 (0.21%) Mac OS X
12 41 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 40 (0.18%) CentOS
14 38 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
15 37 (0.17%) Mac OS
16 35 (0.16%) Windows 10
16 35 (0.16%) Windows Phone
17 24 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
18 23 (0.10%) AIX
19 15 (0.068%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 9368 (42.57%) Agile Software Development
2 7631 (34.68%) MVC
3 5598 (25.44%) Web Development
4 4695 (21.34%) Front End Development
5 3822 (17.37%) TDD
6 3516 (15.98%) Scrum
7 3061 (13.91%) OO
8 2551 (11.59%) Software Engineering
9 2082 (9.46%) E-Commerce
10 1666 (7.57%) Continuous Integration
11 1614 (7.33%) Unit Testing
12 1580 (7.18%) OOP
13 1516 (6.89%) SDLC
14 1406 (6.39%) Test Automation
15 1387 (6.30%) BDD
16 1281 (5.82%) Mentoring
17 1241 (5.64%) Responsive Web Design
18 1040 (4.73%) DevOps
19 982 (4.46%) Open Source
20 968 (4.40%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 18923 (85.99%) JavaScript
2 8605 (39.10%) C#
3 6413 (29.14%) SQL
4 4597 (20.89%) PHP
5 4097 (18.62%) Java
6 1385 (6.29%) T-SQL
7 1382 (6.28%) Python
8 962 (4.37%) TypeScript
9 858 (3.90%) VB.NET
10 856 (3.89%) Ruby
11 848 (3.85%) ES6
12 696 (3.16%) C++
13 480 (2.18%) C
14 307 (1.40%) Scala
15 292 (1.33%) VB
16 252 (1.15%) PowerShell
17 245 (1.11%) PL/SQL
18 189 (0.86%) Perl
19 188 (0.85%) Objective-C
20 182 (0.83%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 2810 (12.77%) Degree
2 978 (4.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 236 (1.07%) Microsoft Certification
4 215 (0.98%) Security Cleared
5 120 (0.55%) SC Cleared
6 79 (0.36%) PhD
7 58 (0.26%) Master's Degree
8 51 (0.23%) MCP
9 45 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
10 41 (0.19%) MCSD
11 39 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
11 39 (0.18%) Sun Certification
12 37 (0.17%) HND
12 37 (0.17%) ISEB
13 35 (0.16%) MCPD
14 32 (0.15%) CCNP
14 32 (0.15%) DBS Check
15 28 (0.13%) DV Cleared
15 28 (0.13%) MCAD
16 27 (0.12%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 706 (3.21%) QA
2 88 (0.40%) SLA
3 82 (0.37%) WCAG
4 33 (0.15%) WAI
5 32 (0.15%) PCI DSS
6 19 (0.086%) GCP
7 17 (0.077%) ISO 9001
8 15 (0.068%) Data Quality
9 14 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 9 (0.041%) GAMP
11 7 (0.032%) PMO
12 6 (0.027%) ISO 14001
13 5 (0.023%) COBIT
13 5 (0.023%) HIPAA
14 3 (0.014%) Disclosure Scotland
14 3 (0.014%) GDPR
14 3 (0.014%) Web Application Security Consortium
15 2 (0.009%) MiFID
15 2 (0.009%) RMADS
16 1 (0.005%) IFRS
System Software
1 680 (3.09%) Docker
2 116 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 31 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (0.12%) Varnish
5 18 (0.082%) HDFS
6 12 (0.055%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 10 (0.045%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.041%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.041%) Samba
8 9 (0.041%) Squid
9 8 (0.036%) DFS Replication
10 5 (0.023%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.018%) etcd
11 4 (0.018%) Microsoft App-V
11 4 (0.018%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.014%) Cygwin
12 3 (0.014%) KVM
12 3 (0.014%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.014%) Xen
13 2 (0.009%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 182 (0.83%) Puppet
2 121 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
3 113 (0.51%) Ansible
4 100 (0.45%) Kubernetes
5 40 (0.18%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 38 (0.17%) Terraform
7 33 (0.15%) Kibana
8 29 (0.13%) Capistrano
9 28 (0.13%) HAProxy
10 24 (0.11%) cPanel
11 23 (0.10%) Salt
12 21 (0.095%) Consul
13 19 (0.086%) Nagios
14 17 (0.077%) Prometheus
15 15 (0.068%) Graphite
16 13 (0.059%) logstash
16 13 (0.059%) ZABBIX
17 10 (0.045%) Grafana
18 8 (0.036%) CA Service Virtualization
18 8 (0.036%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 2930 (13.32%) Microsoft
2 1059 (4.81%) Oracle
3 920 (4.18%) Adobe
4 661 (3.00%) Google
5 607 (2.76%) Zend
6 377 (1.71%) SAP
7 367 (1.67%) Sitecore
8 306 (1.39%) Xamarin
9 172 (0.78%) hybris
10 157 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
11 152 (0.69%) IBM
12 118 (0.54%) Facebook
13 101 (0.46%) Twitter
14 87 (0.40%) ServiceNow
15 82 (0.37%) Apple
16 78 (0.35%) Demandware
17 76 (0.35%) Atlassian
18 73 (0.33%) Telerik
19 67 (0.30%) ATG
19 67 (0.30%) PayPal