Period
to 26 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 26 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 15 15 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 22483 24371 26642
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.67% 12.64% 12.16%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 31.51% 32.50% 32.07%
Number of salaries quoted 19905 21879 23632
UK median annual salary £43,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,250 £25,500
90th Percentile £68,750 £66,250 £63,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £38,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year +3.90% +2.67% +6.44%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 71346 74978 83078
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.21% 38.90% 37.92%
Number of salaries quoted 58999 65065 71173
UK median annual salary £48,250 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.58% +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 26 September 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 21149 £45,000 +5.88% 1038
UK excluding London +1 14448 £40,000 +3.90% 742
London -7 7597 £55,000 +4.76% 336
South East +3 4320 £41,500 +3.75% 154
North of England +1 3590 £40,000 +6.67% 232
Midlands +4 2492 £37,500 +5.63% 150
North West +1 2074 £40,000 +6.67% 135
West Midlands +3 1610 £36,000 +2.86% 78
South West 0 1591 £40,000 +6.67% 74
East of England 0 1569 £43,000 +7.50% 91
Yorkshire +1 1383 £40,000 +6.67% 90
East Midlands +4 879 £37,500 - 71
Scotland -2 628 £40,000 - 24
Wales -1 254 £35,000 -6.67% 12
North East -2 136 £35,000 +12.00% 7
Northern Ireland -8 46 £37,500 +11.94% 5
Isle of Man - 2 £61,250 -

For the 6 months to 26 September 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 21229 (94.42%) HTML
2 19320 (85.93%) JavaScript
3 9492 (42.22%) Agile Software Development
4 8965 (39.87%) .NET
5 8829 (39.27%) C#
6 8277 (36.81%) AngularJS
7 8158 (36.29%) HTML5
8 8001 (35.59%) jQuery
9 7822 (34.79%) MVC
10 6593 (29.32%) SQL
11 6386 (28.40%) ASP.NET
12 5711 (25.40%) Web Development
13 5666 (25.20%) CSS3
14 5623 (25.01%) SQL Server
15 4721 (21.00%) PHP
16 4644 (20.66%) Front End Development
17 4222 (18.78%) Git (software)
18 4136 (18.40%) Java
19 3977 (17.69%) TDD
20 3775 (16.79%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3596 (15.99%) Scrum
22 3532 (15.71%) React
23 3394 (15.10%) User Experience
24 3304 (14.70%) MySQL
25 3286 (14.62%) Node.js
26 3284 (14.61%) Finance
27 3207 (14.26%) Web Services
28 3163 (14.07%) OO
29 3018 (13.42%) Microsoft
30 2856 (12.70%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1714 (7.62%) CMS
2 951 (4.23%) WordPress
3 716 (3.18%) Apache
4 699 (3.11%) IIS
5 611 (2.72%) SharePoint
6 521 (2.32%) Drupal
7 479 (2.13%) Umbraco
8 445 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
9 385 (1.71%) Tomcat
10 264 (1.17%) Sitecore CMS
11 224 (1.00%) Confluence
12 218 (0.97%) nginx
13 201 (0.89%) JBoss
14 200 (0.89%) EPiServer
15 179 (0.80%) SharePoint 2013
16 178 (0.79%) Apache Solr
17 166 (0.74%) WebSphere
18 124 (0.55%) NServiceBus
19 105 (0.47%) Apache Spark
20 93 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 1000 (4.45%) Photoshop
2 524 (2.33%) Adobe Illustrator
3 307 (1.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 220 (0.98%) Microsoft Office
5 168 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
6 152 (0.68%) InVision
7 79 (0.35%) InDesign
8 42 (0.19%) MS Visio
9 41 (0.18%) FileZilla
9 41 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 38 (0.17%) InfoPath
11 26 (0.12%) UXPin
12 25 (0.11%) GIMP
13 22 (0.098%) Fireworks
14 21 (0.093%) Adobe After Effects
15 20 (0.089%) OmniGraffle
16 19 (0.085%) Adobe Premiere
17 18 (0.080%) Moqups
18 7 (0.031%) Chatbot
18 7 (0.031%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 480 (2.13%) Magento
2 188 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
3 72 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
4 70 (0.31%) Eloqua
5 53 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
6 51 (0.23%) Adobe Campaign
7 41 (0.18%) Shopify
8 36 (0.16%) WebTrends
9 35 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
10 21 (0.093%) Remedy ITSM
11 20 (0.089%) Oracle EBS
12 19 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 17 (0.076%) Dynamics AX
13 17 (0.076%) OpenCart
14 10 (0.044%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 9 (0.040%) SessionCam
15 9 (0.040%) Social Studio
16 8 (0.036%) iTrent
16 8 (0.036%) Maximo
16 8 (0.036%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 1763 (7.84%) Microsoft Azure
2 1491 (6.63%) Amazon AWS
3 797 (3.54%) SaaS
4 709 (3.15%) GitHub
5 467 (2.08%) npm
6 243 (1.08%) Office 365
7 222 (0.99%) Google Analytics
8 203 (0.90%) PaaS
9 196 (0.87%) Cloud Computing
10 122 (0.54%) IaaS
11 97 (0.43%) Google Cloud Platform
12 79 (0.35%) Amazon S3
13 76 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
14 68 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
15 54 (0.24%) Google Play
16 50 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 48 (0.21%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 45 (0.20%) Firebase
19 43 (0.19%) Adobe Analytics
19 43 (0.19%) Sage Pay
Communications & Networking
1 650 (2.89%) HTTP
2 577 (2.57%) Internet
3 180 (0.80%) Intranet
4 136 (0.60%) DNS
5 123 (0.55%) TCP/IP
6 105 (0.47%) SSL
7 97 (0.43%) FTP
8 83 (0.37%) SMS
9 70 (0.31%) Firewall
10 65 (0.29%) SMTP
11 58 (0.26%) Skype
12 44 (0.20%) LDAP
13 39 (0.17%) Wireless
14 38 (0.17%) VPN
15 34 (0.15%) SSH
16 32 (0.14%) Broadband
16 32 (0.14%) DHCP
17 30 (0.13%) LAN
18 29 (0.13%) HTTPS
19 27 (0.12%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5623 (25.01%) SQL Server
2 3304 (14.70%) MySQL
3 1139 (5.07%) NoSQL
4 1086 (4.83%) MongoDB
5 1002 (4.46%) Relational Database
6 485 (2.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 454 (2.02%) SQL Server 2008
8 429 (1.91%) PostgreSQL
9 404 (1.80%) SQL Server 2012
10 378 (1.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 346 (1.54%) Redis
12 334 (1.49%) Big Data
13 309 (1.37%) SQL Server 2014
14 249 (1.11%) RDBMS
15 208 (0.93%) Apache Cassandra
16 161 (0.72%) SQL Server 2016
17 158 (0.70%) Hadoop
17 158 (0.70%) RavenDB
18 141 (0.63%) Data Warehouse
19 126 (0.56%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 4222 (18.78%) Git (software)
2 1331 (5.92%) Visual Studio
3 1215 (5.40%) Subversion
4 1128 (5.02%) gulp
5 1028 (4.57%) Team Foundation Server
6 905 (4.03%) JIRA
7 876 (3.90%) Grunt
8 790 (3.51%) Jenkins
9 764 (3.40%) NUnit
10 740 (3.29%) Selenium
11 663 (2.95%) Jasmine
12 656 (2.92%) webpack
13 454 (2.02%) TeamCity
14 453 (2.01%) JUnit
15 370 (1.65%) Karma Test Runner
16 337 (1.50%) Maven
17 323 (1.44%) Mocha
18 287 (1.28%) Bitbucket
19 258 (1.15%) Moq
20 251 (1.12%) Protractor
General
1 3284 (14.61%) Finance
2 1849 (8.22%) Marketing
3 1137 (5.06%) Retail
4 712 (3.17%) Games
5 671 (2.98%) Banking
6 551 (2.45%) Advertising
7 535 (2.38%) Telecoms
8 463 (2.06%) Electronics
9 451 (2.01%) Manufacturing
10 348 (1.55%) Legal
11 197 (0.88%) Publishing
12 187 (0.83%) Automotive
13 162 (0.72%) Back Office
14 115 (0.51%) Financial Institution
15 111 (0.49%) Law
16 96 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
17 90 (0.40%) Investment Banking
18 80 (0.36%) Multimedia
19 78 (0.35%) Front Office
20 71 (0.32%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 18531 (82.42%) Developer
2 4922 (21.89%) .NET Developer
3 3550 (15.79%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 3513 (15.63%) C# Developer
5 3107 (13.82%) Senior Developer
6 3057 (13.60%) JavaScript Developer
7 2692 (11.97%) Web Developer
8 2623 (11.67%) C# .NET Developer
9 2306 (10.26%) PHP Developer
10 1799 (8.00%) Software Developer
11 1757 (7.81%) ASP.NET Developer
12 1707 (7.59%) HTML Developer
13 1542 (6.86%) Full Stack Developer
14 1443 (6.42%) Java Developer
15 1421 (6.32%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1415 (6.29%) HTML CSS Developer
17 1149 (5.11%) Junior
18 1124 (5.00%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 1050 (4.67%) Angular Developer
20 1029 (4.58%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21229 (94.42%) HTML
2 8965 (39.87%) .NET
3 8277 (36.81%) AngularJS
4 8158 (36.29%) HTML5
5 8001 (35.59%) jQuery
6 6386 (28.40%) ASP.NET
7 5666 (25.20%) CSS3
8 3775 (16.79%) ASP.NET MVC
9 3532 (15.71%) React
10 3286 (14.62%) Node.js
11 3207 (14.26%) Web Services
12 2705 (12.03%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2625 (11.68%) Sass
14 2518 (11.20%) XML
15 2261 (10.06%) Ajax
16 2218 (9.87%) .NET Framework
17 2206 (9.81%) REST
18 2020 (8.98%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1948 (8.66%) JSON
20 1794 (7.98%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 3394 (15.10%) User Experience
2 1757 (7.81%) Computer Science
3 1478 (6.57%) Greenfield Project
4 1382 (6.15%) Mobile App
5 989 (4.40%) Analytical Skills
6 713 (3.17%) Fintech
7 407 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
8 317 (1.41%) Social Media
9 316 (1.41%) iPad
10 223 (0.99%) Algorithms
11 194 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
12 185 (0.82%) Graphic Design
13 162 (0.72%) W3C
14 161 (0.72%) e-Learning
15 159 (0.71%) Data Structures
16 128 (0.57%) N-Tier
17 121 (0.54%) Digital Media
18 114 (0.51%) Management Information System
19 104 (0.46%) Virtual Team
20 88 (0.39%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 2088 (9.29%) Linux
2 1164 (5.18%) Windows
3 1065 (4.74%) Android
4 964 (4.29%) Apple iOS
5 381 (1.69%) Unix
6 252 (1.12%) Windows Server
7 85 (0.38%) Ubuntu
8 73 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
9 66 (0.29%) Windows 7
10 51 (0.23%) CentOS
11 48 (0.21%) Debian
12 47 (0.21%) Mac OS X
13 42 (0.19%) Windows 10
14 40 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
15 38 (0.17%) Windows Phone
16 37 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 29 (0.13%) Mac OS
18 26 (0.12%) AIX
19 24 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
20 15 (0.067%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 9492 (42.22%) Agile Software Development
2 7822 (34.79%) MVC
3 5711 (25.40%) Web Development
4 4644 (20.66%) Front End Development
5 3977 (17.69%) TDD
6 3596 (15.99%) Scrum
7 3163 (14.07%) OO
8 2539 (11.29%) Software Engineering
9 2119 (9.42%) E-Commerce
10 1738 (7.73%) Continuous Integration
11 1671 (7.43%) Unit Testing
12 1622 (7.21%) OOP
13 1538 (6.84%) SDLC
14 1427 (6.35%) Test Automation
15 1407 (6.26%) BDD
16 1318 (5.86%) Responsive Web Design
17 1262 (5.61%) Mentoring
18 1083 (4.82%) DevOps
19 974 (4.33%) Open Source
20 957 (4.26%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 19320 (85.93%) JavaScript
2 8829 (39.27%) C#
3 6593 (29.32%) SQL
4 4721 (21.00%) PHP
5 4136 (18.40%) Java
6 1418 (6.31%) T-SQL
7 1340 (5.96%) Python
8 973 (4.33%) TypeScript
9 882 (3.92%) ES6
10 850 (3.78%) VB.NET
11 849 (3.78%) Ruby
12 695 (3.09%) C++
13 466 (2.07%) C
14 308 (1.37%) Scala
15 295 (1.31%) PL/SQL
16 294 (1.31%) VB
17 245 (1.09%) PowerShell
18 234 (1.04%) Objective-C
19 211 (0.94%) Perl
20 183 (0.81%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 2856 (12.70%) Degree
2 1021 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 252 (1.12%) Microsoft Certification
4 213 (0.95%) Security Cleared
5 111 (0.49%) SC Cleared
6 68 (0.30%) PhD
7 60 (0.27%) MCP
8 53 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
8 53 (0.24%) Master's Degree
9 38 (0.17%) CCNP
9 38 (0.17%) HND
10 36 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
10 36 (0.16%) PMI Certification
11 34 (0.15%) MCSD
12 31 (0.14%) CCNA
12 31 (0.14%) DBS Check
12 31 (0.14%) MCPD
13 30 (0.13%) ISEB
14 25 (0.11%) DV Cleared
14 25 (0.11%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 671 (2.98%) QA
2 86 (0.38%) SLA
3 80 (0.36%) WCAG
4 28 (0.12%) WAI
5 26 (0.12%) ISO 9001
6 23 (0.10%) PCI DSS
7 16 (0.071%) GCP
8 14 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 13 (0.058%) Data Quality
10 11 (0.049%) ISO 14001
11 7 (0.031%) GAMP
12 5 (0.022%) COBIT
12 5 (0.022%) PMO
13 4 (0.018%) HIPAA
14 3 (0.013%) GDPR
14 3 (0.013%) Section 508
15 2 (0.009%) Disclosure Scotland
15 2 (0.009%) MiFID
15 2 (0.009%) Web Application Security Consortium
16 1 (0.004%) HL7
System Software
1 678 (3.02%) Docker
2 119 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.12%) Varnish
4 26 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (0.071%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 13 (0.058%) HDFS
7 12 (0.053%) Virtual Machines
8 10 (0.044%) Hyper-V
9 8 (0.036%) DFS Replication
9 8 (0.036%) Samba
9 8 (0.036%) Virtual Servers
10 7 (0.031%) Squid
11 5 (0.022%) etcd
12 4 (0.018%) Microsoft App-V
12 4 (0.018%) VMware ESXi
13 3 (0.013%) Cygwin
13 3 (0.013%) KVM
13 3 (0.013%) Tivoli Directory Server
13 3 (0.013%) Xen
14 2 (0.009%) LXC
Systems Management
1 183 (0.81%) Puppet
2 125 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
3 122 (0.54%) Ansible
3 122 (0.54%) Kubernetes
4 42 (0.19%) Terraform
5 39 (0.17%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 33 (0.15%) HAProxy
7 31 (0.14%) Kibana
8 30 (0.13%) Capistrano
9 22 (0.098%) cPanel
9 22 (0.098%) Salt
10 18 (0.080%) Nagios
11 15 (0.067%) logstash
12 14 (0.062%) Consul
12 14 (0.062%) Prometheus
13 12 (0.053%) Graphite
14 11 (0.049%) ZABBIX
15 9 (0.040%) Grafana
16 8 (0.036%) BMC PATROL
16 8 (0.036%) WSUS
Vendors
1 3018 (13.42%) Microsoft
2 1102 (4.90%) Oracle
3 922 (4.10%) Adobe
4 660 (2.94%) Google
5 597 (2.66%) Zend
6 393 (1.75%) SAP
7 378 (1.68%) Sitecore
8 353 (1.57%) Xamarin
9 181 (0.81%) hybris
10 173 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
11 157 (0.70%) IBM
12 129 (0.57%) Facebook
13 121 (0.54%) Twitter
14 87 (0.39%) Atlassian
15 84 (0.37%) ServiceNow
16 80 (0.36%) Demandware
17 74 (0.33%) Telerik
18 72 (0.32%) Apple
19 71 (0.32%) ATG
19 71 (0.32%) PayPal