Period
to 22 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 22 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 15 15 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 21854 23963 26641
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.54% 12.63% 12.18%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 31.22% 32.49% 32.16%
Number of salaries quoted 19363 21573 23704
UK median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £27,250 £26,500 £26,000
90th Percentile £68,750 £67,500 £63,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £38,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year +3.90% +2.67% +5.63%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 70006 73765 82849
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.17% 38.89% 37.89%
Number of salaries quoted 57934 63958 70877
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 20566 £45,000 +5.88% 1330
UK excluding London +2 14013 £40,000 +3.90% 951
London -8 7406 £55,000 +4.76% 431
South East +3 4286 £42,500 +6.25% 257
North of England +1 3401 £40,000 +6.67% 272
Midlands +4 2400 £37,000 +2.78% 186
North West 0 1996 £40,000 +6.67% 141
South West +1 1576 £40,000 +6.67% 88
West Midlands +3 1568 £36,000 +2.86% 79
East of England 0 1504 £43,000 +7.50% 96
Yorkshire +1 1264 £40,000 +6.67% 107
East Midlands +4 829 £37,500 - 106
Scotland -5 577 £40,000 - 28
Wales -3 253 £35,000 -6.67% 17
North East -4 144 £37,500 +15.38% 24
Northern Ireland +1 55 £37,500 +25.00% 7
Isle of Man - 2 £61,250 -

For the 6 months to 22 October 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 20639 (94.44%) HTML
2 18799 (86.02%) JavaScript
3 9299 (42.55%) Agile Software Development
4 8671 (39.68%) .NET
5 8544 (39.10%) C#
6 8000 (36.61%) AngularJS
7 7842 (35.88%) HTML5
8 7807 (35.72%) jQuery
9 7581 (34.69%) MVC
10 6366 (29.13%) SQL
11 6103 (27.93%) ASP.NET
12 5567 (25.47%) Web Development
13 5451 (24.94%) SQL Server
14 5434 (24.87%) CSS3
15 4672 (21.38%) Front End Development
16 4574 (20.93%) PHP
17 4081 (18.67%) Git (software)
18 4066 (18.61%) Java
19 3797 (17.37%) TDD
20 3616 (16.55%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3501 (16.02%) React
22 3496 (16.00%) Scrum
23 3374 (15.44%) User Experience
24 3240 (14.83%) Finance
25 3239 (14.82%) Node.js
26 3191 (14.60%) MySQL
27 3072 (14.06%) Web Services
28 3050 (13.96%) OO
29 2912 (13.32%) Microsoft
30 2790 (12.77%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1642 (7.51%) CMS
2 924 (4.23%) WordPress
3 714 (3.27%) Apache
4 683 (3.13%) IIS
5 617 (2.82%) SharePoint
6 478 (2.19%) Drupal
7 471 (2.16%) Umbraco
8 441 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
9 366 (1.67%) Tomcat
10 253 (1.16%) Sitecore CMS
11 206 (0.94%) nginx
12 205 (0.94%) Confluence
12 205 (0.94%) EPiServer
13 198 (0.91%) JBoss
14 174 (0.80%) SharePoint 2013
15 169 (0.77%) Apache Solr
16 152 (0.70%) WebSphere
17 125 (0.57%) Apache Spark
17 125 (0.57%) NServiceBus
18 103 (0.47%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 1026 (4.69%) Photoshop
2 556 (2.54%) Adobe Illustrator
3 328 (1.50%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 207 (0.95%) Microsoft Office
5 162 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
6 144 (0.66%) InVision
7 85 (0.39%) InDesign
8 45 (0.21%) InfoPath
9 39 (0.18%) FileZilla
10 37 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 35 (0.16%) MS Visio
12 24 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
12 24 (0.11%) GIMP
13 22 (0.10%) UXPin
14 21 (0.096%) OmniGraffle
15 20 (0.092%) Fireworks
16 18 (0.082%) Moqups
17 17 (0.078%) Adobe Premiere
18 11 (0.050%) Chatbot
19 9 (0.041%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 474 (2.17%) Magento
2 188 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
3 72 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
4 60 (0.27%) Eloqua
5 47 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
6 43 (0.20%) Shopify
7 42 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
8 36 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
9 31 (0.14%) WebTrends
10 26 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
11 25 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
12 24 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 19 (0.087%) Dynamics AX
13 19 (0.087%) OpenCart
14 10 (0.046%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 9 (0.041%) SessionCam
15 9 (0.041%) Social Studio
16 8 (0.037%) iTrent
16 8 (0.037%) Movex
16 8 (0.037%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 1735 (7.94%) Microsoft Azure
2 1458 (6.67%) Amazon AWS
3 821 (3.76%) SaaS
4 684 (3.13%) GitHub
5 446 (2.04%) npm
6 244 (1.12%) Office 365
7 213 (0.97%) Google Analytics
8 201 (0.92%) PaaS
9 170 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
10 120 (0.55%) IaaS
11 112 (0.51%) Serverless
12 105 (0.48%) Google Cloud Platform
13 78 (0.36%) Amazon S3
14 77 (0.35%) Amazon EC2
15 69 (0.32%) AWS Lambda
16 64 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 53 (0.24%) Google Play
18 48 (0.22%) Firebase
19 46 (0.21%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
20 41 (0.19%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 615 (2.81%) HTTP
2 577 (2.64%) Internet
3 170 (0.78%) Intranet
4 136 (0.62%) DNS
5 111 (0.51%) SMS
6 105 (0.48%) TCP/IP
7 103 (0.47%) SSL
8 99 (0.45%) FTP
9 66 (0.30%) Firewall
10 65 (0.30%) SMTP
11 56 (0.26%) Skype
12 42 (0.19%) LDAP
13 38 (0.17%) VPN
14 36 (0.16%) Wireless
15 35 (0.16%) DHCP
16 34 (0.16%) Broadband
17 26 (0.12%) SSH
18 23 (0.11%) ATM
19 22 (0.10%) HTTPS
20 21 (0.096%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5451 (24.94%) SQL Server
2 3191 (14.60%) MySQL
3 1126 (5.15%) NoSQL
4 1036 (4.74%) MongoDB
5 987 (4.52%) Relational Database
6 449 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 433 (1.98%) PostgreSQL
8 393 (1.80%) SQL Server 2008
9 358 (1.64%) Redis
10 355 (1.62%) SQL Server 2012
11 354 (1.62%) Big Data
12 332 (1.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 274 (1.25%) SQL Server 2014
14 244 (1.12%) RDBMS
15 207 (0.95%) Apache Cassandra
16 168 (0.77%) Hadoop
17 158 (0.72%) SQL Server 2016
18 154 (0.70%) RavenDB
19 141 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
20 110 (0.50%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 4081 (18.67%) Git (software)
2 1256 (5.75%) Visual Studio
3 1156 (5.29%) Subversion
4 1084 (4.96%) gulp
5 965 (4.42%) Team Foundation Server
6 890 (4.07%) JIRA
7 857 (3.92%) Grunt
8 752 (3.44%) Jenkins
9 730 (3.34%) NUnit
10 693 (3.17%) Selenium
11 628 (2.87%) webpack
12 608 (2.78%) Jasmine
13 433 (1.98%) TeamCity
14 432 (1.98%) JUnit
15 335 (1.53%) Karma Test Runner
16 332 (1.52%) Maven
17 317 (1.45%) Mocha
18 294 (1.35%) Bitbucket
19 247 (1.13%) Moq
20 241 (1.10%) Protractor
General
1 3240 (14.83%) Finance
2 1743 (7.98%) Marketing
3 1410 (6.45%) Retail
4 702 (3.21%) Banking
5 633 (2.90%) Games
6 546 (2.50%) Advertising
7 522 (2.39%) Telecoms
8 451 (2.06%) Manufacturing
9 427 (1.95%) Electronics
10 333 (1.52%) Legal
11 184 (0.84%) Automotive
12 179 (0.82%) Publishing
13 161 (0.74%) Back Office
14 110 (0.50%) Law
15 107 (0.49%) Financial Institution
16 103 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
17 91 (0.42%) Investment Banking
18 85 (0.39%) Multimedia
19 79 (0.36%) Front Office
20 68 (0.31%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 17928 (82.04%) Developer
2 4705 (21.53%) .NET Developer
3 3531 (16.16%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 3381 (15.47%) C# Developer
5 3002 (13.74%) Senior Developer
6 2956 (13.53%) JavaScript Developer
7 2586 (11.83%) Web Developer
8 2537 (11.61%) C# .NET Developer
9 2258 (10.33%) PHP Developer
10 1737 (7.95%) Software Developer
11 1665 (7.62%) ASP.NET Developer
12 1639 (7.50%) HTML Developer
13 1532 (7.01%) Full Stack Developer
14 1394 (6.38%) Java Developer
15 1372 (6.28%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1369 (6.26%) HTML CSS Developer
17 1141 (5.22%) Junior
18 1115 (5.10%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 1060 (4.85%) Angular Developer
20 1024 (4.69%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20639 (94.44%) HTML
2 8671 (39.68%) .NET
3 8000 (36.61%) AngularJS
4 7842 (35.88%) HTML5
5 7807 (35.72%) jQuery
6 6103 (27.93%) ASP.NET
7 5434 (24.87%) CSS3
8 3616 (16.55%) ASP.NET MVC
9 3501 (16.02%) React
10 3239 (14.82%) Node.js
11 3072 (14.06%) Web Services
12 2633 (12.05%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2592 (11.86%) Sass
14 2422 (11.08%) XML
15 2188 (10.01%) REST
16 2132 (9.76%) Ajax
17 2080 (9.52%) .NET Framework
18 1918 (8.78%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1870 (8.56%) JSON
20 1782 (8.15%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 3374 (15.44%) User Experience
2 1681 (7.69%) Computer Science
3 1438 (6.58%) Greenfield Project
4 1319 (6.04%) Mobile App
5 962 (4.40%) Analytical Skills
6 721 (3.30%) Fintech
7 406 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
8 315 (1.44%) Social Media
9 266 (1.22%) iPad
10 234 (1.07%) Algorithms
11 182 (0.83%) Graphic Design
12 166 (0.76%) Linux Command Line
13 158 (0.72%) W3C
14 146 (0.67%) Data Structures
15 119 (0.54%) Digital Media
16 114 (0.52%) N-Tier
17 104 (0.48%) e-Learning
17 104 (0.48%) Management Information System
18 97 (0.44%) Virtual Team
19 95 (0.43%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1994 (9.12%) Linux
2 1115 (5.10%) Windows
3 1016 (4.65%) Android
4 902 (4.13%) Apple iOS
5 407 (1.86%) Unix
6 250 (1.14%) Windows Server
7 79 (0.36%) Ubuntu
8 69 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
9 61 (0.28%) Windows 7
10 52 (0.24%) Debian
11 45 (0.21%) Mac OS X
12 41 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 40 (0.18%) CentOS
14 38 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
15 37 (0.17%) Mac OS
16 36 (0.16%) Windows 10
17 35 (0.16%) Windows Phone
18 24 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
19 22 (0.10%) AIX
20 15 (0.069%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 9299 (42.55%) Agile Software Development
2 7581 (34.69%) MVC
3 5567 (25.47%) Web Development
4 4672 (21.38%) Front End Development
5 3797 (17.37%) TDD
6 3496 (16.00%) Scrum
7 3050 (13.96%) OO
8 2535 (11.60%) Software Engineering
9 2064 (9.44%) E-Commerce
10 1655 (7.57%) Continuous Integration
11 1602 (7.33%) Unit Testing
12 1569 (7.18%) OOP
13 1503 (6.88%) SDLC
14 1397 (6.39%) Test Automation
15 1380 (6.31%) BDD
16 1274 (5.83%) Mentoring
17 1233 (5.64%) Responsive Web Design
18 1031 (4.72%) DevOps
19 978 (4.48%) Open Source
20 962 (4.40%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 18799 (86.02%) JavaScript
2 8544 (39.10%) C#
3 6366 (29.13%) SQL
4 4574 (20.93%) PHP
5 4066 (18.61%) Java
6 1376 (6.30%) T-SQL
7 1373 (6.28%) Python
8 953 (4.36%) TypeScript
9 850 (3.89%) Ruby
10 849 (3.88%) VB.NET
11 840 (3.84%) ES6
12 693 (3.17%) C++
13 477 (2.18%) C
14 305 (1.40%) Scala
15 289 (1.32%) VB
16 250 (1.14%) PowerShell
17 244 (1.12%) PL/SQL
18 188 (0.86%) Perl
19 187 (0.86%) Objective-C
20 179 (0.82%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 2790 (12.77%) Degree
2 970 (4.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 236 (1.08%) Microsoft Certification
4 214 (0.98%) Security Cleared
5 120 (0.55%) SC Cleared
6 79 (0.36%) PhD
7 57 (0.26%) Master's Degree
8 51 (0.23%) MCP
9 45 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
10 41 (0.19%) MCSD
11 39 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
12 38 (0.17%) Sun Certification
13 37 (0.17%) HND
14 36 (0.16%) ISEB
15 35 (0.16%) MCPD
16 32 (0.15%) CCNP
16 32 (0.15%) DBS Check
17 28 (0.13%) DV Cleared
17 28 (0.13%) MCAD
18 27 (0.12%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 700 (3.20%) QA
2 88 (0.40%) SLA
3 81 (0.37%) WCAG
4 32 (0.15%) PCI DSS
4 32 (0.15%) WAI
5 19 (0.087%) GCP
6 17 (0.078%) ISO 9001
7 15 (0.069%) Data Quality
8 14 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 9 (0.041%) GAMP
10 7 (0.032%) PMO
11 6 (0.027%) ISO 14001
12 5 (0.023%) COBIT
12 5 (0.023%) HIPAA
13 3 (0.014%) Disclosure Scotland
13 3 (0.014%) GDPR
13 3 (0.014%) Web Application Security Consortium
14 2 (0.009%) MiFID
14 2 (0.009%) RMADS
15 1 (0.005%) JTAG
System Software
1 677 (3.10%) Docker
2 116 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 31 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (0.12%) Varnish
5 18 (0.082%) HDFS
6 12 (0.055%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 10 (0.046%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.041%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.041%) Samba
8 9 (0.041%) Squid
9 8 (0.037%) DFS Replication
10 5 (0.023%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.018%) etcd
11 4 (0.018%) Microsoft App-V
11 4 (0.018%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.014%) Cygwin
12 3 (0.014%) KVM
12 3 (0.014%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.014%) Xen
13 2 (0.009%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 182 (0.83%) Puppet
2 122 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
3 113 (0.52%) Ansible
4 100 (0.46%) Kubernetes
5 39 (0.18%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 38 (0.17%) Terraform
7 32 (0.15%) Kibana
8 29 (0.13%) Capistrano
9 27 (0.12%) HAProxy
10 24 (0.11%) cPanel
11 23 (0.11%) Salt
12 20 (0.092%) Consul
13 19 (0.087%) Nagios
14 17 (0.078%) Prometheus
15 15 (0.069%) Graphite
16 13 (0.059%) logstash
16 13 (0.059%) ZABBIX
17 10 (0.046%) Grafana
18 8 (0.037%) CA Service Virtualization
18 8 (0.037%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 2912 (13.32%) Microsoft
2 1050 (4.80%) Oracle
3 914 (4.18%) Adobe
4 656 (3.00%) Google
5 608 (2.78%) Zend
6 375 (1.72%) SAP
7 366 (1.67%) Sitecore
8 300 (1.37%) Xamarin
9 172 (0.79%) hybris
10 155 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
11 150 (0.69%) IBM
12 118 (0.54%) Facebook
13 101 (0.46%) Twitter
14 85 (0.39%) ServiceNow
15 80 (0.37%) Apple
16 77 (0.35%) Demandware
17 76 (0.35%) Atlassian
18 72 (0.33%) Telerik
19 67 (0.31%) ATG
19 67 (0.31%) PayPal