Period
to 11 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 11 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 15 15 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 21820 23478 26353
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.14% 12.70% 12.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 30.30% 32.50% 32.16%
Number of salaries quoted 19490 21115 23649
UK median annual salary £43,500 £42,500 £41,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.35% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £27,500 £26,750 £26,250
90th Percentile £68,750 £67,500 £63,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 72010 72229 81936
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.08% 39.07% 38.00%
Number of salaries quoted 60004 62574 70337
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £74,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 20563 £45,000 +5.88% 1705
UK excluding London 0 14334 £40,000 - 1188
London -5 7079 £55,000 +4.76% 584
South East +3 4656 £42,500 +6.25% 326
North of England +1 3322 £40,000 +6.67% 375
Midlands +3 2463 £35,000 -6.67% 209
North West -1 1911 £40,000 +6.67% 206
South West 0 1584 £40,000 +6.67% 110
West Midlands 0 1513 £35,000 -6.67% 100
East of England -1 1468 £42,500 +6.25% 101
Yorkshire +2 1219 £39,000 +4.00% 150
East Midlands +3 954 £37,500 - 106
Scotland -5 577 £40,000 - 55
Wales -5 244 £35,000 - 10
North East -3 196 £37,500 +7.14% 19
Northern Ireland -5 61 £39,000 +30.00% 3
Isle of Man -12 1 £60,000 +41.18% 1

For the 6 months to 11 December 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 20593 (94.38%) HTML
2 18802 (86.17%) JavaScript
3 9333 (42.77%) Agile Software Development
4 8613 (39.47%) .NET
5 8578 (39.31%) C#
6 7816 (35.82%) HTML5
7 7731 (35.43%) jQuery
8 7730 (35.43%) AngularJS
9 7629 (34.96%) MVC
10 6334 (29.03%) SQL
11 5944 (27.24%) ASP.NET
12 5611 (25.71%) Web Development
13 5553 (25.45%) CSS3
14 5411 (24.80%) SQL Server
15 4698 (21.53%) PHP
16 4683 (21.46%) Front End Development
17 4059 (18.60%) Java
18 3928 (18.00%) Git (software)
19 3644 (16.70%) React
20 3571 (16.37%) TDD
21 3498 (16.03%) ASP.NET MVC
22 3454 (15.83%) Scrum
23 3304 (15.14%) User Experience
24 3302 (15.13%) MySQL
25 3292 (15.09%) Node.js
26 3179 (14.57%) Finance
27 3002 (13.76%) OO
28 2911 (13.34%) Web Services
29 2905 (13.31%) Microsoft
30 2698 (12.36%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1516 (6.95%) CMS
2 920 (4.22%) WordPress
3 751 (3.44%) Apache
4 672 (3.08%) SharePoint
5 626 (2.87%) IIS
6 456 (2.09%) Umbraco
7 451 (2.07%) Drupal
8 448 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
9 338 (1.55%) Tomcat
10 214 (0.98%) SharePoint 2013
11 211 (0.97%) nginx
12 196 (0.90%) Sitecore CMS
13 180 (0.82%) JBoss
14 169 (0.77%) Confluence
15 163 (0.75%) Apache Spark
16 152 (0.70%) EPiServer
17 151 (0.69%) Apache Solr
18 123 (0.56%) BizTalk Server
19 117 (0.54%) NServiceBus
20 107 (0.49%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1006 (4.61%) Photoshop
2 568 (2.60%) Adobe Illustrator
3 345 (1.58%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 195 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
5 179 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
6 136 (0.62%) InVision
7 94 (0.43%) InDesign
8 61 (0.28%) InfoPath
9 33 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 29 (0.13%) Chatbot
11 28 (0.13%) MS Visio
12 26 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
13 25 (0.11%) GIMP
14 24 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
15 20 (0.092%) FileZilla
16 19 (0.087%) UXPin
17 16 (0.073%) Adobe Premiere
18 15 (0.069%) Fireworks
19 13 (0.060%) SPSS
20 11 (0.050%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 498 (2.28%) Magento
2 176 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
3 71 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
4 47 (0.22%) Shopify
5 38 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
6 35 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 35 (0.16%) WebTrends
7 32 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
8 30 (0.14%) Eloqua
9 24 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
10 23 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 22 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
12 19 (0.087%) Dynamics AX
12 19 (0.087%) OpenCart
13 10 (0.046%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 10 (0.046%) NetSuite
14 8 (0.037%) Unit4 Business World
15 7 (0.032%) Workday HCM
16 6 (0.027%) nopCommerce
17 5 (0.023%) Infor M3
Cloud Services
1 1869 (8.57%) Microsoft Azure
2 1499 (6.87%) Amazon AWS
3 905 (4.15%) SaaS
4 635 (2.91%) GitHub
5 478 (2.19%) npm
6 281 (1.29%) Office 365
7 193 (0.88%) PaaS
8 192 (0.88%) Google Analytics
9 152 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
10 116 (0.53%) IaaS
11 111 (0.51%) Google Cloud Platform
12 103 (0.47%) Serverless
13 94 (0.43%) Amazon EC2
14 93 (0.43%) Adobe Creative Cloud
14 93 (0.43%) Amazon S3
15 65 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
16 60 (0.27%) Google Play
17 53 (0.24%) Heroku
17 53 (0.24%) Slack
18 48 (0.22%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 538 (2.47%) Internet
2 520 (2.38%) HTTP
3 151 (0.69%) SMS
4 140 (0.64%) Intranet
5 110 (0.50%) SSL
6 95 (0.44%) DNS
7 86 (0.39%) TCP/IP
8 68 (0.31%) FTP
9 61 (0.28%) Firewall
10 54 (0.25%) SMTP
11 52 (0.24%) Skype
11 52 (0.24%) VPN
12 34 (0.16%) Broadband
12 34 (0.16%) LDAP
12 34 (0.16%) Wireless
13 28 (0.13%) AMQP
14 23 (0.11%) Extranet
15 22 (0.10%) HTTPS
16 21 (0.096%) PPP
16 21 (0.096%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5411 (24.80%) SQL Server
2 3302 (15.13%) MySQL
3 1091 (5.00%) NoSQL
4 1070 (4.90%) MongoDB
5 922 (4.23%) Relational Database
6 489 (2.24%) PostgreSQL
7 385 (1.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 381 (1.75%) Big Data
9 361 (1.65%) Redis
10 320 (1.47%) SQL Server 2008
11 293 (1.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 255 (1.17%) SQL Server 2014
13 244 (1.12%) SQL Server 2012
14 230 (1.05%) SQL Server 2016
15 225 (1.03%) RDBMS
16 190 (0.87%) RavenDB
17 184 (0.84%) Hadoop
18 169 (0.77%) Apache Cassandra
19 129 (0.59%) Data Warehouse
20 118 (0.54%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3928 (18.00%) Git (software)
2 1237 (5.67%) Visual Studio
3 1088 (4.99%) Subversion
4 1063 (4.87%) gulp
5 896 (4.11%) Team Foundation Server
6 815 (3.74%) Grunt
7 812 (3.72%) JIRA
8 773 (3.54%) Jenkins
9 680 (3.12%) Selenium
10 670 (3.07%) NUnit
11 663 (3.04%) webpack
12 568 (2.60%) Jasmine
13 427 (1.96%) JUnit
14 358 (1.64%) TeamCity
15 345 (1.58%) Maven
16 314 (1.44%) Mocha
17 303 (1.39%) Karma Test Runner
18 302 (1.38%) Bitbucket
19 238 (1.09%) Cucumber
19 238 (1.09%) Moq
General
1 3179 (14.57%) Finance
2 1572 (7.20%) Marketing
3 1310 (6.00%) Retail
4 721 (3.30%) Banking
5 715 (3.28%) Advertising
6 671 (3.08%) Games
7 427 (1.96%) Telecoms
8 334 (1.53%) Manufacturing
9 285 (1.31%) Electronics
10 255 (1.17%) Legal
11 197 (0.90%) Automotive
12 180 (0.82%) Publishing
13 152 (0.70%) Back Office
14 120 (0.55%) Law
15 106 (0.49%) Investment Banking
16 89 (0.41%) Financial Institution
17 86 (0.39%) Multimedia
18 85 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
19 76 (0.35%) Front Office
20 64 (0.29%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 17809 (81.62%) Developer
2 4631 (21.22%) .NET Developer
3 3511 (16.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 3219 (14.75%) C# Developer
5 2966 (13.59%) Senior Developer
6 2823 (12.94%) JavaScript Developer
7 2542 (11.65%) Web Developer
8 2460 (11.27%) C# .NET Developer
9 2373 (10.88%) PHP Developer
10 1848 (8.47%) Software Developer
11 1627 (7.46%) ASP.NET Developer
12 1586 (7.27%) HTML Developer
13 1472 (6.75%) Full Stack Developer
14 1403 (6.43%) Java Developer
15 1392 (6.38%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1301 (5.96%) HTML CSS Developer
17 1172 (5.37%) Junior
18 1092 (5.00%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 1071 (4.91%) Angular Developer
20 1053 (4.83%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20593 (94.38%) HTML
2 8613 (39.47%) .NET
3 7816 (35.82%) HTML5
4 7731 (35.43%) jQuery
5 7730 (35.43%) AngularJS
6 5944 (27.24%) ASP.NET
7 5553 (25.45%) CSS3
8 3644 (16.70%) React
9 3498 (16.03%) ASP.NET MVC
10 3292 (15.09%) Node.js
11 2911 (13.34%) Web Services
12 2606 (11.94%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2572 (11.79%) Sass
14 2269 (10.40%) XML
15 2099 (9.62%) .NET Framework
16 2088 (9.57%) Ajax
17 2079 (9.53%) REST
18 1854 (8.50%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1814 (8.31%) RESTful
20 1737 (7.96%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 3304 (15.14%) User Experience
2 1543 (7.07%) Computer Science
3 1466 (6.72%) Greenfield Project
4 1285 (5.89%) Mobile App
5 954 (4.37%) Analytical Skills
6 833 (3.82%) Fintech
7 440 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
8 274 (1.26%) Social Media
9 222 (1.02%) Algorithms
10 203 (0.93%) Graphic Design
11 180 (0.82%) iPad
12 151 (0.69%) W3C
13 149 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
14 120 (0.55%) N-Tier
15 118 (0.54%) Data Structures
16 115 (0.53%) e-Learning
17 106 (0.49%) Digital Media
18 94 (0.43%) Management Information System
19 93 (0.43%) Blog
20 90 (0.41%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2079 (9.53%) Linux
2 1089 (4.99%) Windows
3 935 (4.29%) Android
4 835 (3.83%) Apple iOS
5 439 (2.01%) Unix
6 238 (1.09%) Windows Server
7 88 (0.40%) Ubuntu
8 62 (0.28%) Debian
9 57 (0.26%) CentOS
10 53 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
11 49 (0.22%) Windows 7
12 38 (0.17%) Mac OS
13 36 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 33 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
15 30 (0.14%) Windows 10
16 29 (0.13%) Mac OS X
16 29 (0.13%) Windows Phone
17 21 (0.096%) Windows Mobile
18 19 (0.087%) Windows 8
19 13 (0.060%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 9333 (42.77%) Agile Software Development
2 7629 (34.96%) MVC
3 5611 (25.71%) Web Development
4 4683 (21.46%) Front End Development
5 3571 (16.37%) TDD
6 3454 (15.83%) Scrum
7 3002 (13.76%) OO
8 2520 (11.55%) Software Engineering
9 2030 (9.30%) E-Commerce
10 1672 (7.66%) OOP
11 1605 (7.36%) Unit Testing
12 1577 (7.23%) Continuous Integration
13 1485 (6.81%) SDLC
14 1400 (6.42%) Test Automation
15 1397 (6.40%) BDD
16 1243 (5.70%) Mentoring
17 1233 (5.65%) Responsive Web Design
18 1011 (4.63%) DevOps
19 972 (4.45%) Analytics
20 917 (4.20%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 18802 (86.17%) JavaScript
2 8578 (39.31%) C#
3 6334 (29.03%) SQL
4 4698 (21.53%) PHP
5 4059 (18.60%) Java
6 1386 (6.35%) Python
7 1318 (6.04%) T-SQL
8 943 (4.32%) TypeScript
9 894 (4.10%) VB.NET
10 878 (4.02%) Ruby
11 810 (3.71%) ES6
12 668 (3.06%) C++
13 444 (2.03%) C
14 312 (1.43%) Scala
15 305 (1.40%) VB
16 242 (1.11%) PowerShell
17 207 (0.95%) Bash Shell
18 191 (0.88%) PL/SQL
19 190 (0.87%) Perl
20 187 (0.86%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 2698 (12.36%) Degree
2 842 (3.86%) Computer Science Degree
3 210 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
4 204 (0.93%) Security Cleared
5 124 (0.57%) SC Cleared
6 89 (0.41%) PhD
7 67 (0.31%) Master's Degree
8 47 (0.22%) MCSD
8 47 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
9 45 (0.21%) Sun Certification
10 42 (0.19%) MCP
11 41 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
11 41 (0.19%) ISEB
12 37 (0.17%) DBS Check
12 37 (0.17%) MCPD
13 35 (0.16%) MCAD
14 34 (0.16%) ISTQB
15 32 (0.15%) DV Cleared
16 26 (0.12%) CCNP
16 26 (0.12%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 758 (3.47%) QA
2 85 (0.39%) SLA
3 73 (0.33%) WCAG
4 32 (0.15%) PCI DSS
5 28 (0.13%) WAI
6 20 (0.092%) GCP
6 20 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 19 (0.087%) Data Quality
8 13 (0.060%) ISO 9001
9 10 (0.046%) GAMP
10 7 (0.032%) PMO
10 7 (0.032%) Web Application Security Consortium
11 6 (0.027%) GDPR
12 5 (0.023%) COBIT
12 5 (0.023%) COSHH
12 5 (0.023%) GMP
12 5 (0.023%) HIPAA
13 4 (0.018%) Disclosure Scotland
14 2 (0.009%) ISO 14001
15 1 (0.005%) TickIT
System Software
1 733 (3.36%) Docker
2 88 (0.40%) Active Directory
3 39 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (0.15%) HDFS
5 16 (0.073%) Hyper-V
6 15 (0.069%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.060%) Samba
8 11 (0.050%) Varnish
9 8 (0.037%) Microsoft App-V
9 8 (0.037%) Squid
9 8 (0.037%) VirtualBox
10 7 (0.032%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 4 (0.018%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.018%) XenDesktop
12 3 (0.014%) Cygwin
12 3 (0.014%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.014%) vSphere
13 2 (0.009%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.009%) KVM
13 2 (0.009%) Xen
Systems Management
1 184 (0.84%) Puppet
2 126 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
3 124 (0.57%) Ansible
4 98 (0.45%) Kubernetes
5 45 (0.21%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 39 (0.18%) Kibana
7 26 (0.12%) Capistrano
7 26 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
7 26 (0.12%) Terraform
8 23 (0.11%) HAProxy
9 20 (0.092%) Consul
9 20 (0.092%) cPanel
9 20 (0.092%) Salt
10 18 (0.082%) Prometheus
11 16 (0.073%) Nagios
12 15 (0.069%) CA Service Virtualization
13 14 (0.064%) Graphite
14 13 (0.060%) logstash
15 12 (0.055%) Grafana
15 12 (0.055%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 2905 (13.31%) Microsoft
2 985 (4.51%) Oracle
3 896 (4.11%) Google
4 883 (4.05%) Adobe
5 665 (3.05%) Zend
6 296 (1.36%) Sitecore
7 275 (1.26%) Xamarin
8 272 (1.25%) SAP
9 234 (1.07%) Twitter
10 162 (0.74%) Salesforce.com
11 121 (0.55%) IBM
12 120 (0.55%) Capita
12 120 (0.55%) Facebook
13 115 (0.53%) hybris
14 111 (0.51%) Telerik
15 93 (0.43%) Apple
16 86 (0.39%) ServiceNow
17 73 (0.33%) HP
18 66 (0.30%) Atlassian
18 66 (0.30%) Tableau