Period
to 20 July 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 July 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 14 15 15
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 23254 25625 26605
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.13% 12.63% 12.01%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 32.47% 32.53% 31.73%
Number of salaries quoted 20594 22978 23321
UK median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,250 £25,000
90th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £39,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00% +7.14%

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 71612 78764 83849
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 40.45% 38.81% 37.84%
Number of salaries quoted 60113 68206 71363
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.25%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 20 July 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 21885 £42,500 - 1740
UK excluding London +2 15087 £40,000 +2.56% 1246
London -1 7711 £55,000 +10.00% 572
South East +1 4413 £40,000 - 316
North of England +1 3882 £38,000 +1.33% 360
Midlands +4 2706 £37,500 +4.17% 212
North West +2 2084 £38,500 +2.67% 208
West Midlands +3 1665 £37,500 +7.14% 102
Yorkshire +1 1633 £40,000 +9.59% 134
South West +2 1626 £38,950 +3.87% 142
East of England 0 1541 £42,500 +6.25% 133
East Midlands +4 1036 £35,000 -6.67% 108
Scotland +2 603 £40,000 - 54
Wales 0 306 £35,000 -6.67% 25
North East +4 168 £35,000 +6.87% 18
Northern Ireland -8 36 £37,500 -6.25% 4
Isle of Man - 7 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 20 July 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 21985 (94.54%) HTML
2 20044 (86.20%) JavaScript
3 9747 (41.92%) Agile Software Development
4 9257 (39.81%) .NET
5 9094 (39.11%) C#
6 8503 (36.57%) AngularJS
7 8497 (36.54%) HTML5
8 8327 (35.81%) jQuery
9 8035 (34.55%) MVC
10 6864 (29.52%) SQL
11 6690 (28.77%) ASP.NET
12 6133 (26.37%) Web Development
13 5863 (25.21%) CSS3
14 5730 (24.64%) SQL Server
15 4956 (21.31%) PHP
16 4662 (20.05%) Front End Development
17 4361 (18.75%) Java
18 4273 (18.38%) Git (software)
19 4227 (18.18%) TDD
20 3795 (16.32%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3673 (15.80%) Scrum
22 3564 (15.33%) MySQL
23 3451 (14.84%) React
24 3347 (14.39%) OO
25 3311 (14.24%) Web Services
26 3294 (14.17%) User Experience
27 3181 (13.68%) Node.js
28 3099 (13.33%) Finance
29 3076 (13.23%) Microsoft
29 3076 (13.23%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1858 (7.99%) CMS
2 1010 (4.34%) WordPress
3 755 (3.25%) Apache
4 635 (2.73%) IIS
5 596 (2.56%) Drupal
6 593 (2.55%) SharePoint
7 467 (2.01%) Umbraco
8 464 (2.00%) Tomcat
9 405 (1.74%) Elasticsearch
10 299 (1.29%) Sitecore CMS
11 264 (1.14%) nginx
12 254 (1.09%) Confluence
13 246 (1.06%) JBoss
14 230 (0.99%) EPiServer
15 218 (0.94%) WebSphere
16 190 (0.82%) SharePoint 2013
17 188 (0.81%) Apache Solr
18 135 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 115 (0.49%) WebLogic
20 97 (0.42%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 1061 (4.56%) Photoshop
2 518 (2.23%) Adobe Illustrator
3 299 (1.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 213 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
5 186 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
6 134 (0.58%) InVision
7 98 (0.42%) InDesign
8 60 (0.26%) MS Visio
9 46 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 38 (0.16%) InfoPath
11 37 (0.16%) UXPin
12 33 (0.14%) Fireworks
13 31 (0.13%) FileZilla
14 27 (0.12%) GIMP
15 22 (0.095%) OmniGraffle
16 21 (0.090%) Adobe Premiere
17 19 (0.082%) Adobe After Effects
18 17 (0.073%) Moqups
19 13 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
20 12 (0.052%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 459 (1.97%) Magento
2 148 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
3 81 (0.35%) Eloqua
4 68 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
5 61 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
6 42 (0.18%) Shopify
7 41 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
8 36 (0.15%) WebTrends
9 19 (0.082%) Dynamics NAV
10 16 (0.069%) Dynamics AX
10 16 (0.069%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 14 (0.060%) OpenCart
12 13 (0.056%) Oracle EBS
13 11 (0.047%) SessionCam
13 11 (0.047%) Social Studio
14 10 (0.043%) NetSuite
15 8 (0.034%) iTrent
15 8 (0.034%) Movex
15 8 (0.034%) ResourceLink
16 7 (0.030%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 1577 (6.78%) Microsoft Azure
2 1453 (6.25%) Amazon AWS
3 797 (3.43%) SaaS
4 690 (2.97%) GitHub
5 253 (1.09%) Google Analytics
6 212 (0.91%) Office 365
7 195 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
8 188 (0.81%) PaaS
9 118 (0.51%) IaaS
10 94 (0.40%) Google Cloud Platform
11 89 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
12 82 (0.35%) Amazon S3
13 64 (0.28%) AWS Lambda
14 57 (0.25%) Adobe Analytics
15 55 (0.24%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 45 (0.19%) Force.com
16 45 (0.19%) Heroku
17 43 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Cloud
18 42 (0.18%) AWS CloudFormation
18 42 (0.18%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 671 (2.89%) HTTP
2 517 (2.22%) Internet
3 198 (0.85%) Intranet
4 145 (0.62%) TCP/IP
5 144 (0.62%) DNS
6 107 (0.46%) SSL
7 78 (0.34%) FTP
8 68 (0.29%) Firewall
9 60 (0.26%) Skype
10 53 (0.23%) SMTP
11 46 (0.20%) LDAP
12 45 (0.19%) LAN
13 38 (0.16%) SSH
14 37 (0.16%) SMS
15 35 (0.15%) BGP
15 35 (0.15%) Broadband
16 34 (0.15%) EIGRP
16 34 (0.15%) WAN
17 33 (0.14%) Wireless
18 32 (0.14%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5730 (24.64%) SQL Server
2 3564 (15.33%) MySQL
3 1084 (4.66%) NoSQL
4 1027 (4.42%) MongoDB
5 986 (4.24%) Relational Database
6 521 (2.24%) SQL Server 2008
7 473 (2.03%) PostgreSQL
8 459 (1.97%) SQL Server 2012
8 459 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 411 (1.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 331 (1.42%) Big Data
11 324 (1.39%) Redis
12 311 (1.34%) SQL Server 2014
13 270 (1.16%) RDBMS
14 225 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
15 157 (0.68%) Hadoop
16 141 (0.61%) SQL Server 2005
17 140 (0.60%) RavenDB
18 135 (0.58%) Data Warehouse
18 135 (0.58%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 4273 (18.38%) Git (software)
2 1464 (6.30%) Visual Studio
3 1294 (5.56%) Subversion
4 1188 (5.11%) gulp
5 1085 (4.67%) Team Foundation Server
6 969 (4.17%) Grunt
7 886 (3.81%) JIRA
8 841 (3.62%) Jenkins
9 798 (3.43%) Selenium
10 707 (3.04%) NUnit
11 681 (2.93%) Jasmine
12 575 (2.47%) webpack
13 495 (2.13%) JUnit
14 480 (2.06%) TeamCity
15 393 (1.69%) Maven
16 369 (1.59%) Karma Test Runner
17 323 (1.39%) Mocha
18 243 (1.04%) Protractor
19 238 (1.02%) Bitbucket
20 231 (0.99%) Bower
General
1 3099 (13.33%) Finance
2 1802 (7.75%) Marketing
3 1038 (4.46%) Retail
4 690 (2.97%) Games
5 586 (2.52%) Banking
6 566 (2.43%) Telecoms
7 522 (2.24%) Advertising
8 436 (1.87%) Electronics
9 401 (1.72%) Manufacturing
10 336 (1.44%) Legal
11 257 (1.11%) Publishing
12 172 (0.74%) Automotive
13 145 (0.62%) Back Office
14 126 (0.54%) Law
15 114 (0.49%) Financial Institution
16 82 (0.35%) Multimedia
17 79 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
18 76 (0.33%) Music Industry
19 72 (0.31%) Investment Banking
20 63 (0.27%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 19342 (83.18%) Developer
2 5098 (21.92%) .NET Developer
3 3744 (16.10%) C# Developer
4 3632 (15.62%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 3246 (13.96%) JavaScript Developer
6 3193 (13.73%) Senior Developer
7 3007 (12.93%) Web Developer
8 2749 (11.82%) C# .NET Developer
9 2449 (10.53%) PHP Developer
10 1967 (8.46%) HTML Developer
11 1906 (8.20%) Software Developer
12 1890 (8.13%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1606 (6.91%) HTML CSS Developer
14 1595 (6.86%) Java Developer
15 1517 (6.52%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1452 (6.24%) Full Stack Developer
17 1152 (4.95%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
18 1132 (4.87%) Junior
19 1056 (4.54%) Angular Developer
20 996 (4.28%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21985 (94.54%) HTML
2 9257 (39.81%) .NET
3 8503 (36.57%) AngularJS
4 8497 (36.54%) HTML5
5 8327 (35.81%) jQuery
6 6690 (28.77%) ASP.NET
7 5863 (25.21%) CSS3
8 3795 (16.32%) ASP.NET MVC
9 3451 (14.84%) React
10 3311 (14.24%) Web Services
11 3181 (13.68%) Node.js
12 2686 (11.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2651 (11.40%) XML
14 2594 (11.16%) Sass
15 2423 (10.42%) Ajax
16 2347 (10.09%) .NET Framework
17 2186 (9.40%) REST
18 2106 (9.06%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1987 (8.54%) JSON
20 1673 (7.19%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 3294 (14.17%) User Experience
2 1831 (7.87%) Computer Science
3 1486 (6.39%) Greenfield Project
4 1432 (6.16%) Mobile App
5 1020 (4.39%) Analytical Skills
6 637 (2.74%) Fintech
7 394 (1.69%) Enterprise Software
7 394 (1.69%) iPad
8 335 (1.44%) Social Media
9 246 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
10 188 (0.81%) Algorithms
11 167 (0.72%) Data Structures
12 160 (0.69%) Graphic Design
13 159 (0.68%) e-Learning
14 151 (0.65%) W3C
15 147 (0.63%) N-Tier
16 119 (0.51%) Management Information System
17 116 (0.50%) Client/Server
17 116 (0.50%) Digital Media
18 96 (0.41%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2231 (9.59%) Linux
2 1182 (5.08%) Windows
3 1065 (4.58%) Android
4 946 (4.07%) Apple iOS
5 355 (1.53%) Unix
6 232 (1.00%) Windows Server
7 89 (0.38%) Ubuntu
8 71 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
9 61 (0.26%) CentOS
10 56 (0.24%) Mac OS X
11 51 (0.22%) Windows 7
12 48 (0.21%) Debian
12 48 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
13 43 (0.18%) Windows Phone
14 37 (0.16%) AIX
14 37 (0.16%) Windows 10
15 27 (0.12%) Mac OS
16 26 (0.11%) Solaris
17 25 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 25 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 9747 (41.92%) Agile Software Development
2 8035 (34.55%) MVC
3 6133 (26.37%) Web Development
4 4662 (20.05%) Front End Development
5 4227 (18.18%) TDD
6 3673 (15.80%) Scrum
7 3347 (14.39%) OO
8 2582 (11.10%) Software Engineering
9 2296 (9.87%) E-Commerce
10 1821 (7.83%) Continuous Integration
11 1705 (7.33%) OOP
12 1697 (7.30%) Unit Testing
13 1520 (6.54%) SDLC
14 1502 (6.46%) BDD
15 1485 (6.39%) Responsive Web Design
16 1428 (6.14%) Test Automation
17 1193 (5.13%) Mentoring
18 1053 (4.53%) Web Design
19 1036 (4.46%) DevOps
20 983 (4.23%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 20044 (86.20%) JavaScript
2 9094 (39.11%) C#
3 6864 (29.52%) SQL
4 4956 (21.31%) PHP
5 4361 (18.75%) Java
6 1462 (6.29%) T-SQL
7 1326 (5.70%) Python
8 928 (3.99%) TypeScript
9 874 (3.76%) ES6
10 871 (3.75%) VB.NET
11 806 (3.47%) Ruby
12 698 (3.00%) C++
13 444 (1.91%) C
14 378 (1.63%) PL/SQL
15 314 (1.35%) Scala
16 307 (1.32%) Objective-C
17 263 (1.13%) VB
18 257 (1.11%) Perl
19 240 (1.03%) PowerShell
20 178 (0.77%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 3076 (13.23%) Degree
2 1046 (4.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 260 (1.12%) Microsoft Certification
4 205 (0.88%) Security Cleared
5 95 (0.41%) SC Cleared
6 71 (0.31%) MCP
7 63 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
8 48 (0.21%) PhD
9 47 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
10 46 (0.20%) Master's Degree
11 44 (0.19%) PMI Certification
12 43 (0.18%) HND
13 40 (0.17%) CCNP
14 35 (0.15%) ISEB
15 32 (0.14%) DBS Check
16 31 (0.13%) MCSE
17 30 (0.13%) MCSD
18 29 (0.12%) ISTQB
19 28 (0.12%) A+ Certification
20 23 (0.099%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 680 (2.92%) QA
2 72 (0.31%) SLA
3 66 (0.28%) WCAG
4 27 (0.12%) ISO 9001
5 15 (0.065%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.060%) WAI
7 12 (0.052%) Data Quality
8 10 (0.043%) GCP
8 10 (0.043%) ISO 14001
9 7 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.026%) Section 508
11 5 (0.022%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 3 (0.013%) HIPAA
12 3 (0.013%) HL7
12 3 (0.013%) PMO
13 2 (0.009%) DICOM
13 2 (0.009%) MiFID
14 1 (0.004%) Disclosure Scotland
14 1 (0.004%) GAMP
14 1 (0.004%) RMADS
System Software
1 560 (2.41%) Docker
2 99 (0.43%) Active Directory
3 53 (0.23%) Varnish
4 24 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
5 15 (0.065%) Hyper-V
5 15 (0.065%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (0.060%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 9 (0.039%) Virtual Servers
8 8 (0.034%) DFS Replication
9 6 (0.026%) Firmware
10 5 (0.022%) etcd
10 5 (0.022%) Snort
11 4 (0.017%) Samba
11 4 (0.017%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.013%) HDFS
12 3 (0.013%) LXC
12 3 (0.013%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.013%) Tivoli Directory Server
12 3 (0.013%) Xen
13 2 (0.009%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 197 (0.85%) Puppet
2 151 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
3 140 (0.60%) Ansible
4 112 (0.48%) Kubernetes
5 44 (0.19%) Terraform
6 33 (0.14%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 29 (0.12%) Salt
8 28 (0.12%) Kibana
9 25 (0.11%) HAProxy
10 24 (0.10%) Nagios
11 22 (0.095%) logstash
12 21 (0.090%) Capistrano
13 20 (0.086%) cPanel
14 17 (0.073%) Control-M
15 10 (0.043%) ZABBIX
16 9 (0.039%) EMC NetWorker
17 8 (0.034%) CloudForms
17 8 (0.034%) Graphite
17 8 (0.034%) Prometheus
17 8 (0.034%) WSUS
Vendors
1 3076 (13.23%) Microsoft
2 1227 (5.28%) Oracle
3 982 (4.22%) Adobe
4 630 (2.71%) Google
5 607 (2.61%) Zend
6 399 (1.72%) Xamarin
7 396 (1.70%) Sitecore
8 373 (1.60%) SAP
9 225 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
10 184 (0.79%) hybris
11 173 (0.74%) IBM
12 138 (0.59%) Twitter
13 104 (0.45%) Facebook
14 99 (0.43%) Demandware
15 94 (0.40%) Atlassian
16 90 (0.39%) ATG
17 89 (0.38%) Cognizant
18 88 (0.38%) ServiceNow
19 64 (0.28%) Apple
20 61 (0.26%) PayPal
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £65000 - £85000 per annum
Posted: 6 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Talent International
Salary: £25000 - £60000 per annum
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Salary: UKP 55000 per year
Posted: 5 hours ago
South West London
set2recruit
Salary: Up to £45,000 per annum 25 days' holiday, private healthcare, company
Posted: 4 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: Up to 45K + 25 days holiday + 5% Pension
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £45000 - £55000 per annum, Benefits + Benefits
Posted: 6 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Consult Resolute Ltd
Salary: From £25,000 to £40,000 per annum + Lots of benefits
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
CoreCom Consulting
Salary: £350 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Plymouth, Devon
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Salary: £35000.00 - £45000.00 per annum
Posted: 3 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Talent International
Salary: £60000 per annum
Posted: 5 hours ago
Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey
Ashdown IT
Salary: £40000 - £55000 per annum
Posted: 14 hours ago
Shipley, West Yorkshire
Roc Search
Salary: £34000 - £38000 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Keystream Resources Limited
Salary: Up to £45,000 per annum plus excellent benefit package and holiday all
Posted: 2 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Ascent People Ltd
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 3 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £50000 - £53000 per annum, Benefits Macbook + Phone + Flexible Working
Posted: 7 hours ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
Asset Resourcing Ltd
Salary: £50000 per annum + full benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Austin Fraser
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + Excellent benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Salary: £110000.00 - £120000.00 per annum
Posted: 5 hours ago
Gloucestershire
Big Red Recruitment
Salary: £20000 - £35000 per annum + 4.5 day working week
Posted: 7 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
X4 Group
Salary: £35k - 42k per year
Posted: 1 hour ago
North West London
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 45-50K (Flexible) + Excellent Benefits
Posted: 2 hours ago
Yeovil, Somerset
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Salary: £30000.00 - £35000.00 per annum
Posted: 3 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Roc Search
Salary: £45000 - £50000 per annum
Posted: 6 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Uniting Ambition
Salary: £40k - 50k per year
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Roc Search
Salary: £50000 - £65000 per annum
Posted: 3 hours ago
Gatwick, West Sussex
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: From £30,000 to £40,000 per annum including excellent benefits
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Salary: £40000 - £50000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: Upto 45K
Posted: 1 hour ago
Warrington, Cheshire
ISL
Posted: 4 hours ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Verticality Ltd
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 4 hours ago