Period
to 24 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
24 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 14 15
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 20,549 22,475 25,000
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.92% 13.27% 12.45%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.21% 32.67% 32.18%
Number of salaries quoted 18,208 19,861 22,448
UK median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £71,250 £67,500 £65,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £38,500
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 70,346 68,792 77,676
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.80% 40.63% 38.68%
Number of salaries quoted 58,819 58,489 66,979
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 19,590 £45,000 +5.88% 3,587
UK excluding London -2 13,365 £40,000 - 2,634
London -1 6,863 £55,000 +4.76% 1,169
South East +3 4,845 £42,500 +6.25% 653
North of England -2 3,167 £40,000 +5.26% 726
Midlands -4 1,969 £39,000 +4.00% 506
North West -1 1,732 £40,000 +6.67% 418
South West -1 1,512 £40,000 +5.26% 303
Yorkshire -1 1,225 £40,000 - 244
East of England -4 1,217 £45,000 +5.88% 230
West Midlands -4 1,106 £40,000 +6.67% 255
East Midlands -3 865 £39,000 +6.85% 248
Scotland -12 474 £40,000 - 130
North East -4 212 £32,500 -7.14% 64
Wales -7 179 £40,000 +14.29% 61
Northern Ireland +1 34 £40,000 +6.67% 26
Isle of Man -6 2 £39,000 -13.33%
Channel Islands +3 1 - -

For the 6 months to 24 May 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 19,227 (93.57%) HTML
2 17,605 (85.67%) JavaScript
3 8,804 (42.84%) Agile Software Development
4 8,260 (40.20%) C#
5 8,183 (39.82%) .NET
6 7,275 (35.40%) AngularJS
7 6,984 (33.99%) MVC
8 6,850 (33.33%) HTML5
9 6,837 (33.27%) jQuery
10 6,195 (30.15%) SQL
11 5,533 (26.93%) ASP.NET
12 5,134 (24.98%) Web Development
13 4,945 (24.06%) CSS3
14 4,943 (24.05%) SQL Server
15 4,372 (21.28%) Front End Development
16 4,225 (20.56%) Git (software)
17 4,093 (19.92%) PHP
18 3,875 (18.86%) Java
19 3,831 (18.64%) React
20 3,366 (16.38%) TDD
21 3,240 (15.77%) ASP.NET MVC
22 3,017 (14.68%) MySQL
23 3,015 (14.67%) User Experience
24 3,012 (14.66%) Scrum
25 2,972 (14.46%) Node.js
26 2,946 (14.34%) Finance
27 2,701 (13.14%) Microsoft
28 2,594 (12.62%) Web Services
29 2,517 (12.25%) Degree
30 2,430 (11.83%) Sass

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,467 (7.14%) CMS
2 872 (4.24%) WordPress
3 763 (3.71%) SharePoint
4 704 (3.43%) Apache
5 463 (2.25%) Umbraco
6 440 (2.14%) Drupal
7 422 (2.05%) IIS
8 395 (1.92%) Tomcat
9 357 (1.74%) Elasticsearch
10 265 (1.29%) Confluence
11 235 (1.14%) SharePoint 2013
12 213 (1.04%) Sitecore CMS
13 208 (1.01%) nginx
14 201 (0.98%) JBoss
15 191 (0.93%) EPiServer
16 121 (0.59%) WebSphere
17 118 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
18 101 (0.49%) SharePoint 2010
19 97 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 91 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 747 (3.64%) Photoshop
2 389 (1.89%) Adobe Illustrator
3 227 (1.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 136 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
5 131 (0.64%) InVision
6 111 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
7 83 (0.40%) Chatbot
8 68 (0.33%) InDesign
9 56 (0.27%) InfoPath
10 40 (0.19%) OmniGraffle
11 38 (0.18%) UXPin
12 36 (0.18%) MS Visio
13 35 (0.17%) GIMP
14 32 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 26 (0.13%) Fireworks
16 25 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
17 16 (0.078%) Adobe Premiere
18 15 (0.073%) Acrobat
19 13 (0.063%) Microsoft Project
20 9 (0.044%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 387 (1.88%) Magento
2 161 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
3 77 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
4 63 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
5 51 (0.25%) Eloqua
6 35 (0.17%) Shopify
7 27 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
7 27 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
8 24 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 17 (0.083%) NetSuite
10 14 (0.068%) WebTrends
11 13 (0.063%) Dynamics NAV
12 9 (0.044%) SAP ERP
13 7 (0.034%) CiviCRM
14 6 (0.029%) Adobe Campaign
14 6 (0.029%) Movex
14 6 (0.029%) nopCommerce
15 4 (0.019%) Dynamics AX
16 3 (0.015%) Oracle Applications
16 3 (0.015%) Sage 1000
Cloud Services
1 2,020 (9.83%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,626 (7.91%) Amazon AWS
3 656 (3.19%) SaaS
4 593 (2.89%) GitHub
5 589 (2.87%) npm
6 297 (1.45%) Office 365
7 238 (1.16%) PaaS
8 174 (0.85%) Google Analytics
9 164 (0.80%) IaaS
10 156 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
11 134 (0.65%) Serverless
12 127 (0.62%) Google Cloud Platform
13 121 (0.59%) Amazon S3
14 112 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
15 108 (0.53%) Adobe Creative Cloud
16 93 (0.45%) Slack
17 89 (0.43%) Yarn
18 62 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
19 50 (0.24%) Heroku
20 48 (0.23%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 528 (2.57%) HTTP
2 378 (1.84%) Internet
3 160 (0.78%) Intranet
4 144 (0.70%) SMS
5 114 (0.55%) TCP/IP
6 102 (0.50%) DNS
7 98 (0.48%) SSL
8 68 (0.33%) Broadband
9 50 (0.24%) SSH
9 50 (0.24%) VPN
10 38 (0.18%) Firewall
11 26 (0.13%) DHCP
11 26 (0.13%) FTP
12 23 (0.11%) Wireless
13 22 (0.11%) Extranet
14 21 (0.10%) Network Security
15 20 (0.097%) LAN
15 20 (0.097%) Wireshark
16 19 (0.092%) AMQP
16 19 (0.092%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,943 (24.05%) SQL Server
2 3,017 (14.68%) MySQL
3 1,139 (5.54%) MongoDB
4 1,044 (5.08%) NoSQL
5 795 (3.87%) Relational Database
6 596 (2.90%) PostgreSQL
7 382 (1.86%) SQL Server 2016
8 328 (1.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 322 (1.57%) Redis
10 286 (1.39%) Big Data
11 283 (1.38%) SQL Server 2008
12 249 (1.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 237 (1.15%) RavenDB
14 234 (1.14%) SQL Server 2012
15 229 (1.11%) Blockchain
16 144 (0.70%) RDBMS
17 130 (0.63%) SQL Server 2014
18 120 (0.58%) Data Warehouse
19 102 (0.50%) Apache Cassandra
20 96 (0.47%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 4,225 (20.56%) Git (software)
2 1,269 (6.18%) Visual Studio
3 1,147 (5.58%) gulp
4 974 (4.74%) Subversion
5 970 (4.72%) webpack
6 851 (4.14%) Grunt
7 831 (4.04%) Selenium
8 809 (3.94%) JIRA
9 806 (3.92%) Team Foundation Server
10 767 (3.73%) Jenkins
11 541 (2.63%) Jasmine
12 502 (2.44%) NUnit
13 495 (2.41%) Maven
14 463 (2.25%) JUnit
15 374 (1.82%) Mocha
16 372 (1.81%) TeamCity
17 324 (1.58%) Karma Test Runner
18 307 (1.49%) Protractor
19 260 (1.27%) Bitbucket
20 208 (1.01%) Cucumber
General
1 2,946 (14.34%) Finance
2 1,373 (6.68%) Marketing
3 1,133 (5.51%) Retail
4 756 (3.68%) Advertising
5 666 (3.24%) Banking
6 526 (2.56%) Games
7 330 (1.61%) Telecoms
8 259 (1.26%) Manufacturing
9 239 (1.16%) Legal
10 166 (0.81%) Automotive
11 146 (0.71%) Electronics
12 134 (0.65%) Law
13 123 (0.60%) Investment Banking
14 121 (0.59%) Publishing
15 114 (0.55%) Back Office
16 104 (0.51%) Financial Institution
17 75 (0.36%) Multimedia
18 66 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
19 34 (0.17%) Music Industry
20 33 (0.16%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 16,934 (82.41%) Developer
2 4,320 (21.02%) .NET Developer
3 3,333 (16.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 3,034 (14.76%) C# Developer
5 2,913 (14.18%) Senior Developer
6 2,356 (11.47%) JavaScript Developer
7 2,196 (10.69%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,132 (10.38%) Web Developer
9 1,970 (9.59%) Software Developer
10 1,895 (9.22%) PHP Developer
11 1,508 (7.34%) Java Developer
12 1,421 (6.92%) Full Stack Developer
13 1,261 (6.14%) ASP.NET Developer
14 1,116 (5.43%) HTML Developer
15 1,111 (5.41%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1,008 (4.91%) Angular Developer
17 968 (4.71%) Junior
18 884 (4.30%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 881 (4.29%) HTML CSS Developer
20 876 (4.26%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19,227 (93.57%) HTML
2 8,183 (39.82%) .NET
3 7,275 (35.40%) AngularJS
4 6,850 (33.33%) HTML5
5 6,837 (33.27%) jQuery
6 5,533 (26.93%) ASP.NET
7 4,945 (24.06%) CSS3
8 3,831 (18.64%) React
9 3,240 (15.77%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,972 (14.46%) Node.js
11 2,594 (12.62%) Web Services
12 2,430 (11.83%) Sass
13 2,308 (11.23%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 2,123 (10.33%) XML
15 2,115 (10.29%) .NET Framework
16 1,996 (9.71%) RESTful
17 1,944 (9.46%) REST
18 1,860 (9.05%) Ajax
19 1,760 (8.56%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,599 (7.78%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 3,015 (14.67%) User Experience
2 1,549 (7.54%) Greenfield Project
3 1,390 (6.76%) Computer Science
4 1,306 (6.36%) Mobile App
5 885 (4.31%) Fintech
6 870 (4.23%) Analytical Skills
7 659 (3.21%) Self-Motivation
8 497 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
9 242 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
10 185 (0.90%) Social Media
11 175 (0.85%) Management Information System
12 169 (0.82%) Graphic Design
13 147 (0.72%) Algorithms
14 143 (0.70%) W3C
15 129 (0.63%) Data Structures
16 124 (0.60%) N-Tier
17 92 (0.45%) Animation
18 88 (0.43%) Hedge funds
19 83 (0.40%) e-Learning
20 81 (0.39%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,860 (9.05%) Linux
2 903 (4.39%) Windows
3 647 (3.15%) Android
4 554 (2.70%) Apple iOS
5 404 (1.97%) Unix
6 183 (0.89%) Windows Server
7 80 (0.39%) Ubuntu
8 72 (0.35%) Debian
9 65 (0.32%) CentOS
10 47 (0.23%) Mac OS
11 41 (0.20%) VMS
12 36 (0.18%) Mac OS X
13 31 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
14 28 (0.14%) Windows Phone
15 19 (0.092%) Windows Phone 8
16 16 (0.078%) Nucleus RTOS
17 14 (0.068%) Windows Server 2008
18 13 (0.063%) Windows 7
18 13 (0.063%) Windows Mobile
19 11 (0.054%) openSUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,804 (42.84%) Agile Software Development
2 6,984 (33.99%) MVC
3 5,134 (24.98%) Web Development
4 4,372 (21.28%) Front End Development
5 3,366 (16.38%) TDD
6 3,012 (14.66%) Scrum
7 2,428 (11.82%) OO
8 2,400 (11.68%) Software Engineering
9 1,757 (8.55%) E-Commerce
10 1,688 (8.21%) Problem-Solving
11 1,640 (7.98%) Unit Testing
12 1,621 (7.89%) Continuous Integration
13 1,504 (7.32%) Test Automation
14 1,355 (6.59%) BDD
15 1,332 (6.48%) SDLC
16 1,282 (6.24%) Responsive Web Design
17 1,279 (6.22%) OOP
18 1,104 (5.37%) Mentoring
19 1,058 (5.15%) DevOps
20 988 (4.81%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 17,605 (85.67%) JavaScript
2 8,260 (40.20%) C#
3 6,195 (30.15%) SQL
4 4,093 (19.92%) PHP
5 3,875 (18.86%) Java
6 1,271 (6.19%) Python
7 1,107 (5.39%) T-SQL
8 1,098 (5.34%) TypeScript
9 946 (4.60%) ES6
10 709 (3.45%) Ruby
11 634 (3.09%) VB.NET
12 520 (2.53%) C++
13 382 (1.86%) Java 8
14 316 (1.54%) PowerShell
15 281 (1.37%) Scala
16 257 (1.25%) VB
17 256 (1.25%) C
18 253 (1.23%) PL/SQL
19 193 (0.94%) Perl
20 178 (0.87%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 2,517 (12.25%) Degree
2 754 (3.67%) Computer Science Degree
3 206 (1.00%) Security Cleared
4 177 (0.86%) Microsoft Certification
5 104 (0.51%) SC Cleared
6 65 (0.32%) Master's Degree
7 53 (0.26%) MCSD
8 46 (0.22%) SAFe Agilist
9 44 (0.21%) DV Cleared
10 43 (0.21%) PhD
11 40 (0.19%) MCAD
12 37 (0.18%) MCTS
13 34 (0.17%) ISEB
14 31 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
15 29 (0.14%) MCPD
16 25 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
17 23 (0.11%) MCP
18 17 (0.083%) ISTQB
18 17 (0.083%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
19 15 (0.073%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 697 (3.39%) QA
2 53 (0.26%) SLA
3 49 (0.24%) WCAG
4 42 (0.20%) PCI DSS
5 31 (0.15%) ISO 9001
6 26 (0.13%) GCP
7 25 (0.12%) Data Quality
8 21 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 19 (0.092%) Disclosure Scotland
10 16 (0.078%) GDPR
11 15 (0.073%) PMO
12 14 (0.068%) WAI
13 10 (0.049%) Web Application Security Consortium
14 9 (0.044%) GAMP
15 6 (0.029%) Cyber Essentials
16 5 (0.024%) MiFID
17 4 (0.019%) HL7
17 4 (0.019%) PA-DSS
17 4 (0.019%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 4 (0.019%) SEPA
System Software
1 741 (3.61%) Docker
2 154 (0.75%) Active Directory
3 49 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
4 41 (0.20%) Hyper-V
5 29 (0.14%) HDFS
6 22 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
7 13 (0.063%) Microsoft App-V
7 13 (0.063%) VMware ESXi
8 12 (0.058%) VirtualBox
9 11 (0.054%) VMware NSX
10 9 (0.044%) Firmware
11 8 (0.039%) LXC
12 7 (0.034%) Samba
12 7 (0.034%) Varnish
13 5 (0.024%) GridGain
13 5 (0.024%) Squid
14 2 (0.010%) Apache Flume
15 1 (0.005%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 1 (0.005%) Shibboleth
15 1 (0.005%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 153 (0.74%) Kubernetes
2 133 (0.65%) Ansible
3 110 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
4 105 (0.51%) Puppet
5 67 (0.33%) Terraform
6 48 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
7 36 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
8 34 (0.17%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 32 (0.16%) SCCM
10 26 (0.13%) Kibana
11 22 (0.11%) SCOM
12 21 (0.10%) Salt
13 19 (0.092%) Nagios
13 19 (0.092%) OPNET
13 19 (0.092%) Prometheus
14 18 (0.088%) Graphite
15 15 (0.073%) HAProxy
16 14 (0.068%) Plesk
16 14 (0.068%) ZABBIX
17 13 (0.063%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 2,701 (13.14%) Microsoft
2 945 (4.60%) Oracle
3 852 (4.15%) Google
4 728 (3.54%) Adobe
5 419 (2.04%) Zend
6 294 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
7 288 (1.40%) Sitecore
8 274 (1.33%) Xamarin
9 270 (1.31%) Capita
10 223 (1.09%) Twitter
11 161 (0.78%) SAP
12 102 (0.50%) Splunk
13 99 (0.48%) Facebook
14 85 (0.41%) hybris
15 83 (0.40%) Apple
16 82 (0.40%) IBM
17 79 (0.38%) VMware
18 73 (0.36%) ServiceNow
18 73 (0.36%) WooCommerce
19 68 (0.33%) Marketo