Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 14 15
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 21,297 22,318 25,376
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.28% 12.65% 12.26%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 30.42% 32.29% 32.25%
Number of salaries quoted 19,002 20,085 22,844
UK median annual salary £44,000 £42,500 £41,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.53% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £63,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 70,021 69,114 78,677
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.37% 39.16% 38.00%
Number of salaries quoted 58,683 59,761 67,599
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +1.12%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 20,090 £45,000 +5.88% 3,815
UK excluding London +1 14,098 £40,000 - 2,643
London -4 6,825 £55,000 +4.76% 1,336
South East +4 4,710 £42,500 +6.25% 624
North of England +1 3,274 £40,000 +6.67% 785
Midlands +2 2,357 £35,000 -6.67% 524
North West -2 1,794 £40,000 +6.67% 454
South West -2 1,518 £40,000 +6.67% 275
West Midlands 0 1,420 £35,000 -6.67% 270
East of England 0 1,415 £43,000 +7.50% 270
Yorkshire +1 1,267 £40,000 +6.67% 280
East Midlands +1 944 £37,500 - 253
Scotland -4 588 £40,000 - 92
Wales -4 216 £35,000 - 55
North East -2 214 £35,000 - 51
Northern Ireland -2 61 £39,000 +25.81% 17
Isle of Man -11 1 £60,000 +33.33%

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 20,065 (94.22%) HTML
2 18,316 (86.00%) JavaScript
3 9,074 (42.61%) Agile Software Development
4 8,395 (39.42%) C#
5 8,379 (39.34%) .NET
6 7,578 (35.58%) jQuery
7 7,530 (35.36%) HTML5
8 7,494 (35.19%) AngularJS
9 7,434 (34.91%) MVC
10 6,173 (28.99%) SQL
11 5,753 (27.01%) ASP.NET
12 5,552 (26.07%) Web Development
13 5,409 (25.40%) CSS3
14 5,251 (24.66%) SQL Server
15 4,647 (21.82%) PHP
16 4,559 (21.41%) Front End Development
17 3,941 (18.50%) Java
18 3,817 (17.92%) Git (software)
19 3,633 (17.06%) React
20 3,426 (16.09%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3,421 (16.06%) TDD
22 3,316 (15.57%) Scrum
23 3,289 (15.44%) MySQL
24 3,235 (15.19%) Node.js
25 3,144 (14.76%) User Experience
26 3,091 (14.51%) Finance
27 2,839 (13.33%) Microsoft
28 2,825 (13.26%) Web Services
29 2,806 (13.18%) OO
30 2,630 (12.35%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,480 (6.95%) CMS
2 923 (4.33%) WordPress
3 772 (3.62%) Apache
4 734 (3.45%) SharePoint
5 583 (2.74%) IIS
6 498 (2.34%) Umbraco
7 417 (1.96%) Drupal
8 414 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
9 350 (1.64%) Tomcat
10 224 (1.05%) nginx
11 220 (1.03%) SharePoint 2013
12 187 (0.88%) JBoss
13 181 (0.85%) Sitecore CMS
14 162 (0.76%) Apache Spark
15 150 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
16 145 (0.68%) EPiServer
17 138 (0.65%) Confluence
18 115 (0.54%) Apache Solr
19 103 (0.48%) SharePoint 2010
20 97 (0.46%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 959 (4.50%) Photoshop
2 534 (2.51%) Adobe Illustrator
3 344 (1.62%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 188 (0.88%) Microsoft Office
5 175 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
6 125 (0.59%) InVision
7 106 (0.50%) InDesign
8 65 (0.31%) InfoPath
9 38 (0.18%) Chatbot
10 30 (0.14%) Adobe After Effects
11 27 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 22 (0.10%) MS Visio
13 21 (0.099%) GIMP
14 20 (0.094%) UXPin
15 19 (0.089%) OmniGraffle
16 17 (0.080%) Adobe Premiere
17 16 (0.075%) Acrobat
17 16 (0.075%) Fireworks
17 16 (0.075%) SPSS
18 11 (0.052%) FileZilla
Business Applications
1 493 (2.31%) Magento
2 174 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
3 71 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
4 54 (0.25%) Shopify
5 44 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
6 34 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
7 33 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
8 29 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
9 28 (0.13%) WebTrends
10 23 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 22 (0.10%) Eloqua
12 20 (0.094%) Oracle EBS
13 18 (0.085%) Dynamics AX
14 16 (0.075%) OpenCart
15 10 (0.047%) NetSuite
16 9 (0.042%) Adobe Campaign
17 7 (0.033%) CiviCRM
17 7 (0.033%) nopCommerce
17 7 (0.033%) Unit4 Business World
18 6 (0.028%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 1,899 (8.92%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,455 (6.83%) Amazon AWS
3 887 (4.16%) SaaS
4 582 (2.73%) GitHub
5 481 (2.26%) npm
6 307 (1.44%) Office 365
7 195 (0.92%) PaaS
8 188 (0.88%) Google Analytics
9 124 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
10 119 (0.56%) IaaS
11 109 (0.51%) Amazon EC2
12 107 (0.50%) Serverless
13 105 (0.49%) Amazon S3
14 103 (0.48%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 97 (0.46%) Google Cloud Platform
16 58 (0.27%) AWS Lambda
17 56 (0.26%) Slack
18 53 (0.25%) Heroku
19 45 (0.21%) Google Play
20 44 (0.21%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 512 (2.40%) Internet
2 496 (2.33%) HTTP
3 151 (0.71%) SMS
4 145 (0.68%) Intranet
5 104 (0.49%) SSL
6 100 (0.47%) TCP/IP
7 98 (0.46%) DNS
8 65 (0.31%) FTP
9 61 (0.29%) VPN
10 59 (0.28%) Firewall
11 40 (0.19%) SSH
12 39 (0.18%) SMTP
13 35 (0.16%) Skype
14 34 (0.16%) Broadband
15 32 (0.15%) LDAP
16 31 (0.15%) AMQP
17 30 (0.14%) SNMP
18 28 (0.13%) Wireless
19 25 (0.12%) Extranet
20 24 (0.11%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5,251 (24.66%) SQL Server
2 3,289 (15.44%) MySQL
3 1,077 (5.06%) MongoDB
4 1,041 (4.89%) NoSQL
5 872 (4.09%) Relational Database
6 543 (2.55%) PostgreSQL
7 381 (1.79%) Big Data
8 362 (1.70%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 331 (1.55%) Redis
10 293 (1.38%) SQL Server 2008
11 280 (1.31%) SQL Server 2016
12 272 (1.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 249 (1.17%) SQL Server 2014
14 222 (1.04%) SQL Server 2012
15 209 (0.98%) RavenDB
16 196 (0.92%) RDBMS
17 172 (0.81%) Hadoop
18 149 (0.70%) Apache Cassandra
19 127 (0.60%) Data Warehouse
20 122 (0.57%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3,817 (17.92%) Git (software)
2 1,196 (5.62%) Visual Studio
3 1,088 (5.11%) Subversion
4 1,023 (4.80%) gulp
5 862 (4.05%) Team Foundation Server
6 793 (3.72%) Grunt
7 741 (3.48%) JIRA
8 730 (3.43%) Jenkins
9 702 (3.30%) webpack
10 645 (3.03%) Selenium
11 612 (2.87%) NUnit
12 526 (2.47%) Jasmine
13 411 (1.93%) JUnit
14 360 (1.69%) Maven
15 302 (1.42%) Mocha
16 301 (1.41%) TeamCity
17 287 (1.35%) Bitbucket
18 281 (1.32%) Karma Test Runner
19 237 (1.11%) Cucumber
20 214 (1.00%) PHPUnit
General
1 3,091 (14.51%) Finance
2 1,515 (7.11%) Marketing
3 1,241 (5.83%) Retail
4 777 (3.65%) Advertising
5 696 (3.27%) Banking
6 675 (3.17%) Games
7 364 (1.71%) Telecoms
8 265 (1.24%) Manufacturing
9 228 (1.07%) Legal
10 206 (0.97%) Electronics
11 180 (0.85%) Automotive
12 153 (0.72%) Publishing
13 137 (0.64%) Back Office
14 116 (0.54%) Law
15 106 (0.50%) Investment Banking
16 79 (0.37%) Financial Institution
16 79 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
17 74 (0.35%) Multimedia
18 62 (0.29%) Front Office
19 53 (0.25%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 17,350 (81.47%) Developer
2 4,466 (20.97%) .NET Developer
3 3,424 (16.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 3,091 (14.51%) C# Developer
5 2,957 (13.88%) Senior Developer
6 2,548 (11.96%) JavaScript Developer
7 2,437 (11.44%) Web Developer
8 2,341 (10.99%) C# .NET Developer
9 2,333 (10.95%) PHP Developer
10 1,891 (8.88%) Software Developer
11 1,528 (7.17%) ASP.NET Developer
12 1,406 (6.60%) HTML Developer
13 1,381 (6.48%) Full Stack Developer
14 1,358 (6.38%) Java Developer
15 1,332 (6.25%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1,136 (5.33%) HTML CSS Developer
17 1,122 (5.27%) Junior
18 1,038 (4.87%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 1,009 (4.74%) Angular Developer
20 1,001 (4.70%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20,065 (94.22%) HTML
2 8,379 (39.34%) .NET
3 7,578 (35.58%) jQuery
4 7,530 (35.36%) HTML5
5 7,494 (35.19%) AngularJS
6 5,753 (27.01%) ASP.NET
7 5,409 (25.40%) CSS3
8 3,633 (17.06%) React
9 3,426 (16.09%) ASP.NET MVC
10 3,235 (15.19%) Node.js
11 2,825 (13.26%) Web Services
12 2,567 (12.05%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2,489 (11.69%) Sass
14 2,163 (10.16%) XML
15 2,082 (9.78%) .NET Framework
16 2,061 (9.68%) Ajax
17 1,979 (9.29%) REST
18 1,752 (8.23%) RESTful
19 1,750 (8.22%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,602 (7.52%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 3,144 (14.76%) User Experience
2 1,504 (7.06%) Greenfield Project
3 1,485 (6.97%) Computer Science
4 1,263 (5.93%) Mobile App
5 914 (4.29%) Analytical Skills
6 877 (4.12%) Fintech
7 477 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
8 246 (1.16%) Social Media
9 216 (1.01%) Algorithms
10 207 (0.97%) Graphic Design
11 179 (0.84%) Linux Command Line
12 156 (0.73%) W3C
13 130 (0.61%) N-Tier
14 113 (0.53%) Data Structures
15 105 (0.49%) e-Learning
16 103 (0.48%) iPad
17 100 (0.47%) Management Information System
18 98 (0.46%) Digital Media
19 95 (0.45%) Blog
20 85 (0.40%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 2,119 (9.95%) Linux
2 1,019 (4.78%) Windows
3 831 (3.90%) Android
4 720 (3.38%) Apple iOS
5 471 (2.21%) Unix
6 237 (1.11%) Windows Server
7 95 (0.45%) Ubuntu
8 64 (0.30%) CentOS
8 64 (0.30%) Debian
9 52 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
10 44 (0.21%) Windows 7
11 35 (0.16%) Mac OS
12 31 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 27 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
14 22 (0.10%) Windows 10
15 21 (0.099%) VMS
16 20 (0.094%) Windows 8
17 19 (0.089%) Mac OS X
18 17 (0.080%) Windows Phone
19 14 (0.066%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,074 (42.61%) Agile Software Development
2 7,434 (34.91%) MVC
3 5,552 (26.07%) Web Development
4 4,559 (21.41%) Front End Development
5 3,421 (16.06%) TDD
6 3,316 (15.57%) Scrum
7 2,806 (13.18%) OO
8 2,509 (11.78%) Software Engineering
9 1,952 (9.17%) E-Commerce
10 1,616 (7.59%) OOP
11 1,567 (7.36%) Unit Testing
12 1,506 (7.07%) Continuous Integration
13 1,387 (6.51%) SDLC
14 1,384 (6.50%) BDD
15 1,369 (6.43%) Test Automation
16 1,250 (5.87%) Responsive Web Design
17 1,199 (5.63%) Mentoring
18 971 (4.56%) DevOps
19 960 (4.51%) Analytics
20 894 (4.20%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 18,316 (86.00%) JavaScript
2 8,395 (39.42%) C#
3 6,173 (28.99%) SQL
4 4,647 (21.82%) PHP
5 3,941 (18.50%) Java
6 1,339 (6.29%) Python
7 1,220 (5.73%) T-SQL
8 940 (4.41%) TypeScript
9 849 (3.99%) Ruby
9 849 (3.99%) VB.NET
10 804 (3.78%) ES6
11 606 (2.85%) C++
12 390 (1.83%) C
13 323 (1.52%) Scala
14 299 (1.40%) VB
15 239 (1.12%) PowerShell
16 211 (0.99%) Bash Shell
17 181 (0.85%) Perl
17 181 (0.85%) PL/SQL
18 176 (0.83%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 2,630 (12.35%) Degree
2 798 (3.75%) Computer Science Degree
3 211 (0.99%) Security Cleared
4 195 (0.92%) Microsoft Certification
5 127 (0.60%) SC Cleared
6 82 (0.39%) PhD
7 74 (0.35%) Master's Degree
8 54 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
9 44 (0.21%) MCSD
9 44 (0.21%) Sun Certification
10 41 (0.19%) ISEB
11 36 (0.17%) MCAD
12 35 (0.16%) DV Cleared
13 33 (0.15%) MCP
14 32 (0.15%) DBS Check
15 31 (0.15%) ISTQB
15 31 (0.15%) MCPD
16 28 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
16 28 (0.13%) MCTS
17 24 (0.11%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 726 (3.41%) QA
2 77 (0.36%) SLA
3 61 (0.29%) WCAG
4 30 (0.14%) PCI DSS
5 24 (0.11%) WAI
6 19 (0.089%) Data Quality
6 19 (0.089%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 15 (0.070%) ISO 9001
8 12 (0.056%) PMO
9 10 (0.047%) GAMP
9 10 (0.047%) GCP
9 10 (0.047%) Web Application Security Consortium
10 6 (0.028%) COSHH
10 6 (0.028%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.023%) COBIT
11 5 (0.023%) GDPR
11 5 (0.023%) GMP
11 5 (0.023%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.009%) HL7
12 2 (0.009%) TickIT
System Software
1 739 (3.47%) Docker
2 93 (0.44%) Active Directory
3 40 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (0.17%) HDFS
5 23 (0.11%) Hyper-V
6 19 (0.089%) Virtual Machines
7 14 (0.066%) Samba
8 10 (0.047%) Microsoft App-V
8 10 (0.047%) Varnish
8 10 (0.047%) VirtualBox
9 8 (0.038%) Squid
10 7 (0.033%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 5 (0.023%) VMware NSX
12 4 (0.019%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.019%) XenDesktop
13 3 (0.014%) Cygwin
13 3 (0.014%) Firmware
13 3 (0.014%) KVM
13 3 (0.014%) vSphere
14 2 (0.009%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 154 (0.72%) Puppet
2 117 (0.55%) Ansible
3 114 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
4 108 (0.51%) Kubernetes
5 44 (0.21%) Kibana
6 41 (0.19%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 35 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
8 27 (0.13%) Terraform
9 26 (0.12%) Consul
10 24 (0.11%) HAProxy
11 18 (0.085%) Graphite
11 18 (0.085%) Salt
12 17 (0.080%) CA Service Virtualization
13 16 (0.075%) Prometheus
14 15 (0.070%) Nagios
15 14 (0.066%) Capistrano
15 14 (0.066%) cPanel
16 13 (0.061%) Grafana
16 13 (0.061%) logstash
16 13 (0.061%) Plesk
Vendors
1 2,839 (13.33%) Microsoft
2 968 (4.55%) Oracle
3 940 (4.41%) Google
4 822 (3.86%) Adobe
5 690 (3.24%) Zend
6 280 (1.31%) Sitecore
7 270 (1.27%) Xamarin
8 260 (1.22%) Twitter
9 212 (1.00%) SAP
10 182 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
11 174 (0.82%) Capita
12 113 (0.53%) Facebook
13 102 (0.48%) Apple
13 102 (0.48%) IBM
13 102 (0.48%) Telerik
14 87 (0.41%) hybris
15 80 (0.38%) HP
16 75 (0.35%) Tableau
17 67 (0.31%) VMware
18 66 (0.31%) ServiceNow