Period
to 24 July 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 July 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
24 Jul 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 14 15 15
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 23312 25510 26800
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.13% 12.61% 12.03%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 32.42% 32.51% 31.76%
Number of salaries quoted 20645 22905 23491
UK median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,250 £25,000
90th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £39,188 £37,500
% change year-on-year +2.07% +4.50% +7.14%

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 71902 78471 84381
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 40.51% 38.79% 37.87%
Number of salaries quoted 60208 67994 71837
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,346 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.79% +3.37% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 24 July 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 24 July 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 21994 £42,500 - 1659
UK excluding London +2 15135 £40,000 +2.07% 1194
London -3 7784 £55,000 +10.00% 544
South East +1 4436 £40,000 - 303
North of England +1 3893 £38,000 +1.33% 359
Midlands +4 2690 £37,500 +4.17% 183
North West +2 2092 £38,500 +2.67% 199
West Midlands +3 1653 £37,500 +7.14% 89
South West +2 1641 £39,000 +4.00% 145
Yorkshire +1 1634 £40,000 +9.59% 144
East of England +1 1551 £42,500 +6.25% 121
East Midlands +4 1033 £36,000 -4.00% 93
Scotland +1 606 £40,000 - 58
Wales +1 307 £35,000 -6.67% 21
North East +2 170 £35,000 +7.69% 16
Northern Ireland -4 38 £37,500 - 4
Isle of Man - 7 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 24 July 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 22040 (94.54%) HTML
2 20082 (86.14%) JavaScript
3 9753 (41.84%) Agile Software Development
4 9263 (39.73%) .NET
5 9112 (39.09%) C#
6 8530 (36.59%) AngularJS
7 8502 (36.47%) HTML5
8 8342 (35.78%) jQuery
9 8054 (34.55%) MVC
10 6868 (29.46%) SQL
11 6704 (28.76%) ASP.NET
12 6157 (26.41%) Web Development
13 5875 (25.20%) CSS3
14 5762 (24.72%) SQL Server
15 4975 (21.34%) PHP
16 4693 (20.13%) Front End Development
17 4375 (18.77%) Java
18 4275 (18.34%) Git (software)
19 4235 (18.17%) TDD
20 3808 (16.33%) ASP.NET MVC
21 3685 (15.81%) Scrum
22 3577 (15.34%) MySQL
23 3482 (14.94%) React
24 3347 (14.36%) OO
25 3324 (14.26%) User Experience
26 3304 (14.17%) Web Services
27 3193 (13.70%) Node.js
28 3094 (13.27%) Finance
29 3079 (13.21%) Microsoft
30 3077 (13.20%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1863 (7.99%) CMS
2 1010 (4.33%) WordPress
3 759 (3.26%) Apache
4 644 (2.76%) IIS
5 600 (2.57%) Drupal
6 598 (2.57%) SharePoint
7 471 (2.02%) Tomcat
8 470 (2.02%) Umbraco
9 410 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
10 300 (1.29%) Sitecore CMS
11 262 (1.12%) nginx
12 256 (1.10%) Confluence
13 244 (1.05%) JBoss
14 228 (0.98%) EPiServer
15 219 (0.94%) WebSphere
16 191 (0.82%) Apache Solr
16 191 (0.82%) SharePoint 2013
17 136 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 114 (0.49%) WebLogic
19 99 (0.42%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 1061 (4.55%) Photoshop
2 520 (2.23%) Adobe Illustrator
3 299 (1.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 214 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
5 187 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
6 135 (0.58%) InVision
7 96 (0.41%) InDesign
8 62 (0.27%) MS Visio
9 48 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 38 (0.16%) InfoPath
11 36 (0.15%) UXPin
12 33 (0.14%) FileZilla
12 33 (0.14%) Fireworks
13 26 (0.11%) GIMP
14 22 (0.094%) Adobe Premiere
14 22 (0.094%) OmniGraffle
15 20 (0.086%) Adobe After Effects
16 17 (0.073%) Moqups
17 13 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
18 12 (0.051%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 462 (1.98%) Magento
2 150 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
3 81 (0.35%) Eloqua
4 68 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
5 61 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
6 43 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
7 42 (0.18%) Shopify
8 36 (0.15%) WebTrends
9 19 (0.082%) Dynamics NAV
10 16 (0.069%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 15 (0.064%) Dynamics AX
12 14 (0.060%) OpenCart
12 14 (0.060%) Oracle EBS
13 11 (0.047%) SessionCam
13 11 (0.047%) Social Studio
14 10 (0.043%) NetSuite
15 8 (0.034%) iTrent
15 8 (0.034%) Movex
15 8 (0.034%) ResourceLink
16 7 (0.030%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 1591 (6.82%) Microsoft Azure
2 1467 (6.29%) Amazon AWS
3 797 (3.42%) SaaS
4 697 (2.99%) GitHub
5 249 (1.07%) Google Analytics
6 213 (0.91%) Office 365
7 198 (0.85%) Cloud Computing
8 195 (0.84%) PaaS
9 121 (0.52%) IaaS
10 96 (0.41%) Google Cloud Platform
11 89 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
12 82 (0.35%) Amazon S3
13 65 (0.28%) AWS Lambda
14 56 (0.24%) Adobe Analytics
15 55 (0.24%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 45 (0.19%) Force.com
16 45 (0.19%) Heroku
17 44 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Cloud
18 42 (0.18%) AWS CloudFormation
19 41 (0.18%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 669 (2.87%) HTTP
2 516 (2.21%) Internet
3 197 (0.85%) Intranet
4 144 (0.62%) DNS
5 143 (0.61%) TCP/IP
6 107 (0.46%) SSL
7 80 (0.34%) FTP
8 67 (0.29%) Firewall
9 60 (0.26%) Skype
10 54 (0.23%) SMTP
11 46 (0.20%) LDAP
12 44 (0.19%) LAN
13 40 (0.17%) SSH
14 36 (0.15%) SMS
15 35 (0.15%) BGP
15 35 (0.15%) Broadband
16 34 (0.15%) EIGRP
17 33 (0.14%) WAN
18 32 (0.14%) DHCP
18 32 (0.14%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5762 (24.72%) SQL Server
2 3577 (15.34%) MySQL
3 1091 (4.68%) NoSQL
4 1037 (4.45%) MongoDB
5 985 (4.23%) Relational Database
6 518 (2.22%) SQL Server 2008
7 482 (2.07%) PostgreSQL
8 463 (1.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 460 (1.97%) SQL Server 2012
10 408 (1.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 333 (1.43%) Big Data
12 324 (1.39%) Redis
13 311 (1.33%) SQL Server 2014
14 273 (1.17%) RDBMS
15 232 (1.00%) Apache Cassandra
16 157 (0.67%) Hadoop
17 143 (0.61%) RavenDB
18 140 (0.60%) SQL Server 2016
19 139 (0.60%) SQL Server 2005
20 138 (0.59%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 4275 (18.34%) Git (software)
2 1457 (6.25%) Visual Studio
3 1291 (5.54%) Subversion
4 1194 (5.12%) gulp
5 1070 (4.59%) Team Foundation Server
6 972 (4.17%) Grunt
7 890 (3.82%) JIRA
8 841 (3.61%) Jenkins
9 798 (3.42%) Selenium
10 721 (3.09%) NUnit
11 683 (2.93%) Jasmine
12 582 (2.50%) webpack
13 502 (2.15%) JUnit
14 478 (2.05%) TeamCity
15 392 (1.68%) Maven
16 373 (1.60%) Karma Test Runner
17 324 (1.39%) Mocha
18 245 (1.05%) Protractor
19 243 (1.04%) Bitbucket
20 236 (1.01%) Bower
General
1 3094 (13.27%) Finance
2 1799 (7.72%) Marketing
3 1046 (4.49%) Retail
4 694 (2.98%) Games
5 586 (2.51%) Banking
6 572 (2.45%) Telecoms
7 522 (2.24%) Advertising
8 445 (1.91%) Electronics
9 410 (1.76%) Manufacturing
10 333 (1.43%) Legal
11 260 (1.12%) Publishing
12 174 (0.75%) Automotive
13 144 (0.62%) Back Office
14 124 (0.53%) Law
15 113 (0.48%) Financial Institution
16 84 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
17 83 (0.36%) Multimedia
18 74 (0.32%) Music Industry
19 68 (0.29%) Investment Banking
20 63 (0.27%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 19376 (83.12%) Developer
2 5104 (21.89%) .NET Developer
3 3742 (16.05%) C# Developer
4 3642 (15.62%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 3259 (13.98%) JavaScript Developer
6 3187 (13.67%) Senior Developer
7 3021 (12.96%) Web Developer
8 2750 (11.80%) C# .NET Developer
9 2463 (10.57%) PHP Developer
10 1961 (8.41%) HTML Developer
11 1899 (8.15%) Software Developer
12 1897 (8.14%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1611 (6.91%) Java Developer
14 1602 (6.87%) HTML CSS Developer
15 1529 (6.56%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1464 (6.28%) Full Stack Developer
17 1150 (4.93%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
18 1130 (4.85%) Junior
19 1061 (4.55%) Angular Developer
20 996 (4.27%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22040 (94.54%) HTML
2 9263 (39.73%) .NET
3 8530 (36.59%) AngularJS
4 8502 (36.47%) HTML5
5 8342 (35.78%) jQuery
6 6704 (28.76%) ASP.NET
7 5875 (25.20%) CSS3
8 3808 (16.33%) ASP.NET MVC
9 3482 (14.94%) React
10 3304 (14.17%) Web Services
11 3193 (13.70%) Node.js
12 2687 (11.53%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2647 (11.35%) XML
14 2614 (11.21%) Sass
15 2436 (10.45%) Ajax
16 2357 (10.11%) .NET Framework
17 2203 (9.45%) REST
18 2109 (9.05%) ASP.NET Web API
19 2001 (8.58%) JSON
20 1688 (7.24%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 3324 (14.26%) User Experience
2 1836 (7.88%) Computer Science
3 1513 (6.49%) Greenfield Project
4 1447 (6.21%) Mobile App
5 1019 (4.37%) Analytical Skills
6 641 (2.75%) Fintech
7 401 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
8 384 (1.65%) iPad
9 333 (1.43%) Social Media
10 240 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
11 189 (0.81%) Algorithms
12 166 (0.71%) Data Structures
13 164 (0.70%) Graphic Design
14 162 (0.69%) e-Learning
15 149 (0.64%) N-Tier
15 149 (0.64%) W3C
16 120 (0.51%) Management Information System
17 116 (0.50%) Client/Server
18 113 (0.48%) Digital Media
19 92 (0.39%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 2239 (9.60%) Linux
2 1181 (5.07%) Windows
3 1082 (4.64%) Android
4 959 (4.11%) Apple iOS
5 359 (1.54%) Unix
6 237 (1.02%) Windows Server
7 89 (0.38%) Ubuntu
8 73 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
9 60 (0.26%) CentOS
10 57 (0.24%) Mac OS X
11 51 (0.22%) Windows 7
12 48 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
13 47 (0.20%) Debian
14 44 (0.19%) Windows Phone
15 38 (0.16%) Windows 10
16 37 (0.16%) AIX
17 26 (0.11%) Mac OS
18 25 (0.11%) Solaris
18 25 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
19 24 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 9753 (41.84%) Agile Software Development
2 8054 (34.55%) MVC
3 6157 (26.41%) Web Development
4 4693 (20.13%) Front End Development
5 4235 (18.17%) TDD
6 3685 (15.81%) Scrum
7 3347 (14.36%) OO
8 2583 (11.08%) Software Engineering
9 2278 (9.77%) E-Commerce
10 1827 (7.84%) Continuous Integration
11 1706 (7.32%) Unit Testing
12 1701 (7.30%) OOP
13 1536 (6.59%) SDLC
14 1504 (6.45%) BDD
15 1478 (6.34%) Responsive Web Design
16 1420 (6.09%) Test Automation
17 1188 (5.10%) Mentoring
18 1058 (4.54%) Web Design
19 1044 (4.48%) DevOps
20 987 (4.23%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 20082 (86.14%) JavaScript
2 9112 (39.09%) C#
3 6868 (29.46%) SQL
4 4975 (21.34%) PHP
5 4375 (18.77%) Java
6 1468 (6.30%) T-SQL
7 1333 (5.72%) Python
8 946 (4.06%) TypeScript
9 873 (3.74%) ES6
10 868 (3.72%) VB.NET
11 808 (3.47%) Ruby
12 701 (3.01%) C++
13 442 (1.90%) C
14 380 (1.63%) PL/SQL
15 312 (1.34%) Scala
16 309 (1.33%) Objective-C
17 268 (1.15%) VB
18 256 (1.10%) Perl
19 243 (1.04%) PowerShell
20 179 (0.77%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 3077 (13.20%) Degree
2 1050 (4.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 260 (1.12%) Microsoft Certification
4 204 (0.88%) Security Cleared
5 94 (0.40%) SC Cleared
6 70 (0.30%) MCP
7 60 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
8 49 (0.21%) PhD
9 48 (0.21%) Master's Degree
10 47 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
11 44 (0.19%) HND
12 43 (0.18%) PMI Certification
13 40 (0.17%) CCNP
14 35 (0.15%) ISEB
15 32 (0.14%) DBS Check
16 31 (0.13%) MCSD
16 31 (0.13%) MCSE
17 27 (0.12%) A+ Certification
17 27 (0.12%) ISTQB
18 23 (0.099%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 680 (2.92%) QA
2 70 (0.30%) SLA
3 66 (0.28%) WCAG
4 28 (0.12%) ISO 9001
5 15 (0.064%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.060%) WAI
7 11 (0.047%) Data Quality
8 10 (0.043%) GCP
8 10 (0.043%) ISO 14001
9 8 (0.034%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.026%) Section 508
11 5 (0.021%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 3 (0.013%) HIPAA
12 3 (0.013%) HL7
12 3 (0.013%) PMO
13 2 (0.009%) DICOM
13 2 (0.009%) MiFID
14 1 (0.004%) COBIT
14 1 (0.004%) GAMP
14 1 (0.004%) RMADS
System Software
1 563 (2.42%) Docker
2 99 (0.42%) Active Directory
3 52 (0.22%) Varnish
4 24 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
5 15 (0.064%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 15 (0.064%) Hyper-V
6 14 (0.060%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.039%) Virtual Servers
8 8 (0.034%) DFS Replication
9 6 (0.026%) Firmware
10 5 (0.021%) etcd
11 4 (0.017%) HDFS
11 4 (0.017%) Samba
11 4 (0.017%) Snort
11 4 (0.017%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.013%) LXC
12 3 (0.013%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.013%) Tivoli Directory Server
12 3 (0.013%) Xen
13 2 (0.009%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 195 (0.84%) Puppet
2 146 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
3 140 (0.60%) Ansible
4 114 (0.49%) Kubernetes
5 44 (0.19%) Terraform
6 34 (0.15%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 29 (0.12%) Salt
8 28 (0.12%) Kibana
9 25 (0.11%) HAProxy
10 23 (0.099%) Nagios
11 22 (0.094%) logstash
12 21 (0.090%) Capistrano
13 20 (0.086%) cPanel
14 17 (0.073%) Control-M
15 10 (0.043%) ZABBIX
16 9 (0.039%) EMC NetWorker
17 8 (0.034%) CloudForms
17 8 (0.034%) Graphite
17 8 (0.034%) Prometheus
17 8 (0.034%) WSUS
Vendors
1 3079 (13.21%) Microsoft
2 1235 (5.30%) Oracle
3 982 (4.21%) Adobe
4 630 (2.70%) Google
5 607 (2.60%) Zend
6 411 (1.76%) Xamarin
7 397 (1.70%) Sitecore
8 383 (1.64%) SAP
9 223 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
10 188 (0.81%) hybris
11 180 (0.77%) IBM
12 135 (0.58%) Twitter
13 103 (0.44%) Facebook
14 101 (0.43%) Demandware
15 92 (0.39%) ATG
15 92 (0.39%) Atlassian
16 91 (0.39%) Cognizant
17 87 (0.37%) ServiceNow
18 65 (0.28%) Apple
19 63 (0.27%) PayPal
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Salary: £35000 - £50000 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
CV Screen Ltd
Salary: £35k - 50k per year + Perks
Posted: 19 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Oscar
Salary: £35000 - £40000 per annum + and additional benefits
Posted: 11 hours ago
Warwickshire
Spring Technology
Salary: £35000 per annum
Posted: 12 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Burns Sheehan
Salary: £25000.00 - £35000 per annum + Additional Benefits
Posted: 10 hours ago
Richmond, Surrey
Burns Sheehan
Salary: £55000 - £65000 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Premier Group Recruitment
Salary: £20000 - £30000 per annum
Posted: 14 hours ago
Warwickshire
Oscar
Salary: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Doncaster, South Yorkshire
Oscar
Salary: £18000 - £24000 per annum + and additional benefits
Posted: 14 hours ago
South East London
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 35,000-50,000+BENEFITS
Posted: 12 hours ago
South West London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Salary: From £50,000 to £60,000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
South East London
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 70,000-75,000+12.5% Bonus +Benefits
Posted: 11 hours ago
Kidderminster, Worcestershire
Oscar
Salary: £40000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Candour Solutions
Salary: From £25,000 to £40,000 per annum
Posted: 14 hours ago
City, London
Oscar
Salary: £40000 - £55000 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
X4 Group
Salary: £40k - 50k per year
Posted: 13 hours ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Austin Fraser
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Salary: £40000 - £60000 per annum
Posted: 14 hours ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Oscar
Salary: £30000 - £34000 per annum + and additional benefits
Posted: 11 hours ago
Salford, Lancashire
onezeero.
Salary: £25000 - £30000 per annum + uncapped holidays
Posted: 20 hours ago
Kidderminster, Worcestershire
Oscar
Salary: £45000 per annum
Posted: 10 hours ago
City, London
Oscar
Salary: £50000 - £60000 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Candour Solutions
Salary: From £25,000 to £45,000 per annum
Posted: 14 hours ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Spring Technology
Salary: £30000.00 - £42000.00 per annum
Posted: 13 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Salary: £50000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Salary: £50000 - £60000 per annum + bonus, pension, benefits
Posted: 12 hours ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Harvey Nash plc
Salary: £35000 - £55000 per annum + Excellent Benefits
Posted: 19 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
Havant, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £40000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 18 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago