Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 15 15 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 22267 23872 26564
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.31% 12.64% 12.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 30.67% 32.41% 32.15%
Number of salaries quoted 19850 21532 23696
UK median annual salary £43,500 £42,500 £40,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.35% +4.94% +1.25%
10th Percentile £27,250 £26,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £68,750 £67,500 £63,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £38,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year +3.90% +2.67% +5.63%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 72598 73664 82620
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.13% 39.00% 38.02%
Number of salaries quoted 60360 63976 70627
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS.

Salary trend for CSS in the UK

CSS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in the UK

CSS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 20987 £45,000 +5.88% 1723
UK excluding London +1 14525 £40,000 +3.90% 1214
London -6 7309 £55,000 +4.76% 562
South East +3 4611 £42,500 +6.25% 323
North of England +1 3464 £40,000 +6.67% 338
Midlands +3 2457 £35,000 -4.11% 255
North West 0 2011 £40,000 +6.67% 174
South West -1 1659 £40,000 +6.67% 119
West Midlands 0 1524 £35,000 - 122
East of England -1 1493 £42,500 +6.25% 121
Yorkshire +2 1269 £37,500 - 140
East Midlands +5 932 £37,500 - 126
Scotland -5 572 £40,000 - 47
Wales -4 251 £35,000 -2.78% 5
North East -1 187 £37,500 +10.29% 24
Northern Ireland +1 56 £39,000 +30.00% 6
Isle of Man -10 1 £60,000 -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 21059 (94.57%) HTML
2 19184 (86.15%) JavaScript
3 9486 (42.60%) Agile Software Development
4 8752 (39.30%) .NET
5 8687 (39.01%) C#
6 8026 (36.04%) AngularJS
7 7993 (35.90%) HTML5
8 7916 (35.55%) jQuery
9 7757 (34.84%) MVC
10 6439 (28.92%) SQL
11 6097 (27.38%) ASP.NET
12 5730 (25.73%) Web Development
13 5644 (25.35%) CSS3
14 5504 (24.72%) SQL Server
15 4842 (21.75%) Front End Development
16 4774 (21.44%) PHP
17 4177 (18.76%) Java
18 4067 (18.26%) Git (software)
19 3719 (16.70%) TDD
20 3682 (16.54%) React
21 3588 (16.11%) ASP.NET MVC
22 3532 (15.86%) Scrum
23 3410 (15.31%) User Experience
24 3346 (15.03%) Node.js
25 3335 (14.98%) MySQL
26 3244 (14.57%) Finance
27 3075 (13.81%) OO
28 3035 (13.63%) Web Services
29 2951 (13.25%) Microsoft
30 2782 (12.49%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1586 (7.12%) CMS
2 952 (4.28%) WordPress
3 742 (3.33%) Apache
4 655 (2.94%) IIS
4 655 (2.94%) SharePoint
5 490 (2.20%) Drupal
6 461 (2.07%) Elasticsearch
7 460 (2.07%) Umbraco
8 345 (1.55%) Tomcat
9 223 (1.00%) Sitecore CMS
10 212 (0.95%) nginx
11 211 (0.95%) SharePoint 2013
12 184 (0.83%) JBoss
13 177 (0.79%) EPiServer
14 175 (0.79%) Confluence
15 169 (0.76%) Apache Solr
16 154 (0.69%) Apache Spark
17 128 (0.57%) WebSphere
18 119 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
19 118 (0.53%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 1028 (4.62%) Photoshop
2 587 (2.64%) Adobe Illustrator
3 355 (1.59%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 209 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
5 178 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
6 134 (0.60%) InVision
7 87 (0.39%) InDesign
8 64 (0.29%) InfoPath
9 37 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 34 (0.15%) MS Visio
11 29 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
12 28 (0.13%) FileZilla
13 24 (0.11%) Chatbot
14 22 (0.099%) UXPin
15 20 (0.090%) GIMP
15 20 (0.090%) OmniGraffle
16 19 (0.085%) Adobe Premiere
17 15 (0.067%) Fireworks
18 14 (0.063%) Moqups
19 11 (0.049%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 508 (2.28%) Magento
2 186 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
3 77 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
4 45 (0.20%) Shopify
5 38 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
5 38 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
6 37 (0.17%) Eloqua
7 34 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
7 34 (0.15%) WebTrends
8 31 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
9 28 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
10 25 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 20 (0.090%) Dynamics AX
11 20 (0.090%) OpenCart
12 10 (0.045%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 9 (0.040%) NetSuite
14 8 (0.036%) Movex
15 7 (0.031%) Unit4 Business World
15 7 (0.031%) Workday HCM
16 6 (0.027%) nopCommerce
Cloud Services
1 1869 (8.39%) Microsoft Azure
2 1508 (6.77%) Amazon AWS
3 885 (3.97%) SaaS
4 657 (2.95%) GitHub
5 480 (2.16%) npm
6 272 (1.22%) Office 365
7 220 (0.99%) Google Analytics
8 200 (0.90%) PaaS
9 153 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
10 121 (0.54%) IaaS
11 114 (0.51%) Serverless
12 107 (0.48%) Google Cloud Platform
13 85 (0.38%) Amazon S3
14 84 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 81 (0.36%) Amazon EC2
16 77 (0.35%) AWS Lambda
17 62 (0.28%) Google Play
18 51 (0.23%) Heroku
19 50 (0.22%) Slack
20 49 (0.22%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 560 (2.51%) Internet
2 559 (2.51%) HTTP
3 154 (0.69%) Intranet
4 130 (0.58%) SMS
5 110 (0.49%) SSL
6 109 (0.49%) DNS
7 95 (0.43%) TCP/IP
8 88 (0.40%) FTP
9 66 (0.30%) Firewall
10 62 (0.28%) SMTP
11 54 (0.24%) Skype
12 45 (0.20%) VPN
13 37 (0.17%) Broadband
14 35 (0.16%) LDAP
14 35 (0.16%) Wireless
15 25 (0.11%) AMQP
15 25 (0.11%) SSH
16 23 (0.10%) Extranet
16 23 (0.10%) HTTPS
17 22 (0.099%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5504 (24.72%) SQL Server
2 3335 (14.98%) MySQL
3 1125 (5.05%) NoSQL
4 1064 (4.78%) MongoDB
5 966 (4.34%) Relational Database
6 463 (2.08%) PostgreSQL
7 405 (1.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 389 (1.75%) Big Data
9 357 (1.60%) Redis
10 350 (1.57%) SQL Server 2008
11 302 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 290 (1.30%) SQL Server 2012
13 268 (1.20%) SQL Server 2014
14 238 (1.07%) RDBMS
15 193 (0.87%) SQL Server 2016
16 189 (0.85%) Apache Cassandra
17 188 (0.84%) Hadoop
18 170 (0.76%) RavenDB
19 143 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
20 115 (0.52%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 4067 (18.26%) Git (software)
2 1256 (5.64%) Visual Studio
3 1124 (5.05%) Subversion
4 1122 (5.04%) gulp
5 930 (4.18%) Team Foundation Server
6 875 (3.93%) Grunt
7 848 (3.81%) JIRA
8 778 (3.49%) Jenkins
9 700 (3.14%) NUnit
10 684 (3.07%) Selenium
11 679 (3.05%) webpack
12 587 (2.64%) Jasmine
13 438 (1.97%) JUnit
14 396 (1.78%) TeamCity
15 343 (1.54%) Maven
16 316 (1.42%) Karma Test Runner
17 310 (1.39%) Mocha
18 309 (1.39%) Bitbucket
19 251 (1.13%) Moq
20 241 (1.08%) PHPUnit
General
1 3244 (14.57%) Finance
2 1679 (7.54%) Marketing
3 1379 (6.19%) Retail
4 731 (3.28%) Banking
5 693 (3.11%) Advertising
6 661 (2.97%) Games
7 473 (2.12%) Telecoms
8 392 (1.76%) Manufacturing
9 344 (1.54%) Electronics
10 281 (1.26%) Legal
11 201 (0.90%) Automotive
12 177 (0.79%) Publishing
13 162 (0.73%) Back Office
14 120 (0.54%) Law
15 97 (0.44%) Investment Banking
16 93 (0.42%) Financial Institution
17 91 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
18 86 (0.39%) Multimedia
19 81 (0.36%) Front Office
20 70 (0.31%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 18208 (81.77%) Developer
2 4712 (21.16%) .NET Developer
3 3615 (16.23%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 3341 (15.00%) C# Developer
5 3040 (13.65%) Senior Developer
6 2954 (13.27%) JavaScript Developer
7 2631 (11.82%) Web Developer
8 2526 (11.34%) C# .NET Developer
9 2388 (10.72%) PHP Developer
10 1829 (8.21%) Software Developer
11 1670 (7.50%) ASP.NET Developer
12 1615 (7.25%) HTML Developer
13 1528 (6.86%) Full Stack Developer
14 1429 (6.42%) Java Developer
15 1413 (6.35%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 1339 (6.01%) HTML CSS Developer
17 1202 (5.40%) Junior
18 1132 (5.08%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 1115 (5.01%) Angular Developer
20 1077 (4.84%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21059 (94.57%) HTML
2 8752 (39.30%) .NET
3 8026 (36.04%) AngularJS
4 7993 (35.90%) HTML5
5 7916 (35.55%) jQuery
6 6097 (27.38%) ASP.NET
7 5644 (25.35%) CSS3
8 3682 (16.54%) React
9 3588 (16.11%) ASP.NET MVC
10 3346 (15.03%) Node.js
11 3035 (13.63%) Web Services
12 2689 (12.08%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 2647 (11.89%) Sass
14 2369 (10.64%) XML
15 2129 (9.56%) REST
16 2110 (9.48%) Ajax
17 2100 (9.43%) .NET Framework
18 1908 (8.57%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1851 (8.31%) RESTful
20 1796 (8.07%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 3410 (15.31%) User Experience
2 1642 (7.37%) Computer Science
3 1474 (6.62%) Greenfield Project
4 1315 (5.91%) Mobile App
5 986 (4.43%) Analytical Skills
6 770 (3.46%) Fintech
7 420 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
8 304 (1.37%) Social Media
9 233 (1.05%) Algorithms
10 213 (0.96%) iPad
11 200 (0.90%) Graphic Design
12 154 (0.69%) W3C
13 151 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
14 130 (0.58%) Data Structures
15 122 (0.55%) N-Tier
16 112 (0.50%) Digital Media
17 110 (0.49%) e-Learning
18 100 (0.45%) Virtual Team
19 99 (0.44%) Management Information System
20 95 (0.43%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 2085 (9.36%) Linux
2 1109 (4.98%) Windows
3 969 (4.35%) Android
4 852 (3.83%) Apple iOS
5 444 (1.99%) Unix
6 246 (1.10%) Windows Server
7 78 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 65 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
9 58 (0.26%) Debian
10 52 (0.23%) Windows 7
11 46 (0.21%) CentOS
12 42 (0.19%) Mac OS
13 39 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 38 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
15 37 (0.17%) Mac OS X
16 33 (0.15%) Windows 10
17 31 (0.14%) Windows Phone
18 27 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
19 13 (0.058%) Windows 8
19 13 (0.058%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 9486 (42.60%) Agile Software Development
2 7757 (34.84%) MVC
3 5730 (25.73%) Web Development
4 4842 (21.75%) Front End Development
5 3719 (16.70%) TDD
6 3532 (15.86%) Scrum
7 3075 (13.81%) OO
8 2573 (11.56%) Software Engineering
9 2108 (9.47%) E-Commerce
10 1664 (7.47%) OOP
11 1626 (7.30%) Unit Testing
12 1597 (7.17%) Continuous Integration
13 1480 (6.65%) SDLC
14 1451 (6.52%) BDD
15 1403 (6.30%) Test Automation
16 1297 (5.82%) Mentoring
17 1283 (5.76%) Responsive Web Design
18 1025 (4.60%) DevOps
19 1008 (4.53%) Analytics
20 956 (4.29%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 19184 (86.15%) JavaScript
2 8687 (39.01%) C#
3 6439 (28.92%) SQL
4 4774 (21.44%) PHP
5 4177 (18.76%) Java
6 1407 (6.32%) Python
7 1364 (6.13%) T-SQL
8 953 (4.28%) TypeScript
9 907 (4.07%) VB.NET
10 888 (3.99%) Ruby
11 828 (3.72%) ES6
12 685 (3.08%) C++
13 468 (2.10%) C
14 328 (1.47%) Scala
15 292 (1.31%) VB
16 245 (1.10%) PowerShell
17 226 (1.01%) PL/SQL
18 208 (0.93%) Bash Shell
19 194 (0.87%) Perl
20 184 (0.83%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 2782 (12.49%) Degree
2 919 (4.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 223 (1.00%) Microsoft Certification
4 216 (0.97%) Security Cleared
5 125 (0.56%) SC Cleared
6 87 (0.39%) PhD
7 62 (0.28%) Master's Degree
8 50 (0.22%) MCSD
9 45 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
9 45 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
10 44 (0.20%) Sun Certification
11 43 (0.19%) MCP
12 41 (0.18%) ISEB
13 38 (0.17%) MCPD
14 37 (0.17%) MCAD
15 36 (0.16%) DBS Check
16 33 (0.15%) HND
16 33 (0.15%) ISTQB
17 30 (0.13%) CCNP
17 30 (0.13%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 759 (3.41%) QA
2 89 (0.40%) SLA
3 74 (0.33%) WCAG
4 31 (0.14%) PCI DSS
4 31 (0.14%) WAI
5 20 (0.090%) GCP
6 18 (0.081%) Data Quality
7 16 (0.072%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 14 (0.063%) ISO 9001
9 10 (0.045%) GAMP
10 6 (0.027%) HIPAA
10 6 (0.027%) PMO
11 5 (0.022%) COBIT
11 5 (0.022%) Web Application Security Consortium
12 4 (0.018%) GDPR
12 4 (0.018%) ISO 14001
13 3 (0.013%) COSHH
13 3 (0.013%) Disclosure Scotland
13 3 (0.013%) GMP
14 1 (0.004%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 730 (3.28%) Docker
2 106 (0.48%) Active Directory
3 34 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.11%) HDFS
5 16 (0.072%) Varnish
6 13 (0.058%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.054%) Samba
8 10 (0.045%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (0.040%) Squid
10 8 (0.036%) Microsoft App-V
11 7 (0.031%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.031%) VirtualBox
12 4 (0.018%) Virtual Servers
12 4 (0.018%) XenDesktop
13 3 (0.013%) Cygwin
13 3 (0.013%) KVM
13 3 (0.013%) VMware ESXi
14 2 (0.009%) DFS Replication
14 2 (0.009%) vSphere
14 2 (0.009%) Xen
Systems Management
1 190 (0.85%) Puppet
2 125 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
3 124 (0.56%) Ansible
4 100 (0.45%) Kubernetes
5 40 (0.18%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 36 (0.16%) Kibana
7 28 (0.13%) Terraform
8 27 (0.12%) Capistrano
9 26 (0.12%) HAProxy
10 24 (0.11%) cPanel
11 20 (0.090%) Consul
11 20 (0.090%) Salt
12 19 (0.085%) Docker Swarm
13 18 (0.081%) Prometheus
14 16 (0.072%) Nagios
15 14 (0.063%) CA Service Virtualization
16 13 (0.058%) Graphite
16 13 (0.058%) ZABBIX
17 12 (0.054%) logstash
18 11 (0.049%) Grafana
Vendors
1 2951 (13.25%) Microsoft
2 1045 (4.69%) Oracle
3 912 (4.10%) Adobe
4 872 (3.92%) Google
5 662 (2.97%) Zend
6 323 (1.45%) Sitecore
7 317 (1.42%) SAP
8 281 (1.26%) Xamarin
9 217 (0.97%) Twitter
10 151 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
11 138 (0.62%) hybris
12 135 (0.61%) IBM
13 125 (0.56%) Facebook
14 103 (0.46%) Telerik
15 89 (0.40%) Apple
16 86 (0.39%) ServiceNow
17 81 (0.36%) Capita
18 69 (0.31%) HP
19 67 (0.30%) Atlassian
20 65 (0.29%) Demandware