Period
to 16 January 2022

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 16 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC, Infra as Code)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
16 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 86 72 186
Rank change year-on-year -14 +114 +22
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,040 427 100
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 3.67% 4.14% 1.37%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.86% 4.42% 1.46%
Number of salaries quoted 875 380 87
10th Percentile £47,000 " £43,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £38,750 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% -20.69% -4.92%
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £86,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% -7.14% +3.70%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 26,914 9,670 6,842
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 94.85% 93.67% 93.47%
Number of salaries quoted 20,966 8,566 5,946
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Infrastructure as Code
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Infrastructure as Code trend for jobs with a WFH option

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Infrastructure as Code.

Infrastructure as Code salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 16 January 2022.

Infrastructure as Code salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 16 January 2022, Infrastructure as Code job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 684 (65.77%) DevOps
2 674 (64.81%) AWS
3 628 (60.38%) Terraform
4 498 (47.88%) Azure
5 473 (45.48%) Kubernetes
6 438 (42.12%) Docker
7 436 (41.92%) Agile Software Development
8 320 (30.77%) Python
9 304 (29.23%) SQL
10 281 (27.02%) Linux
11 250 (24.04%) C#
12 235 (22.60%) .NET
13 232 (22.31%) Ansible
14 225 (21.63%) Finance
15 223 (21.44%) Software Engineering
16 208 (20.00%) Serverless
17 200 (19.23%) Social Skills
18 194 (18.65%) GCP
19 188 (18.08%) Jenkins
20 176 (16.92%) Microsoft
21 165 (15.87%) Test Automation
22 156 (15.00%) JavaScript
23 155 (14.90%) PowerShell
24 153 (14.71%) Puppet
25 146 (14.04%) .NET Core
26 143 (13.75%) Windows
27 139 (13.37%) Opscode Chef
28 137 (13.17%) AWS CloudFormation
29 136 (13.08%) Java
30 133 (12.79%) Microservices

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (3.56%) Elasticsearch
2 14 (1.35%) Confluence
3 13 (1.25%) Apache
3 13 (1.25%) Apache Spark
4 12 (1.15%) SharePoint
5 7 (0.67%) IIS
6 6 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (0.48%) nginx
8 3 (0.29%) OpenStack
8 3 (0.29%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.19%) Apache Airflow
9 2 (0.19%) CMS
9 2 (0.19%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.096%) Alfresco
10 1 (0.096%) Apache Pulsar
10 1 (0.096%) MS Exchange
10 1 (0.096%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.096%) Umbraco
Applications
1 1 (0.096%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
1 3 (0.29%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.19%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.096%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 674 (64.81%) AWS
2 498 (47.88%) Azure
3 208 (20.00%) Serverless
4 194 (18.65%) GCP
5 137 (13.17%) AWS CloudFormation
6 117 (11.25%) PaaS
7 105 (10.10%) IaaS
8 99 (9.52%) GitHub
9 96 (9.23%) AWS Lambda
10 89 (8.56%) SaaS
11 54 (5.19%) Amazon EKS
11 54 (5.19%) Azure Monitor
12 46 (4.42%) Amazon ECS
13 44 (4.23%) Azure Functions
14 40 (3.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 36 (3.46%) Amazon EC2
16 33 (3.17%) Azure Service Bus
17 32 (3.08%) Cloud Computing
18 30 (2.88%) Amazon S3
19 27 (2.60%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.08%) Firewall
2 28 (2.69%) VPN
3 18 (1.73%) HTTP
4 16 (1.54%) Network Security
5 13 (1.25%) TCP/IP
6 12 (1.15%) DNS
7 8 (0.77%) LAN
7 8 (0.77%) NAS
7 8 (0.77%) Remote Desktop
8 7 (0.67%) DHCP
8 7 (0.67%) HTTPS
8 7 (0.67%) WAN
9 6 (0.58%) SNMP
9 6 (0.58%) tcpdump
10 5 (0.48%) Internet
10 5 (0.48%) SAN
10 5 (0.48%) VoIP
11 3 (0.29%) SMS
11 3 (0.29%) SSL
12 2 (0.19%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (7.40%) NoSQL
2 63 (6.06%) SQL Server
3 52 (5.00%) Amazon RDS
4 43 (4.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 38 (3.65%) PostgreSQL
5 38 (3.65%) Redis
6 37 (3.56%) MySQL
7 36 (3.46%) MongoDB
8 27 (2.60%) Amazon Aurora
9 24 (2.31%) Relational Database
10 23 (2.21%) Big Data
11 21 (2.02%) Power BI
12 20 (1.92%) Blockchain
13 19 (1.83%) Hadoop
14 17 (1.63%) Amazon Redshift
14 17 (1.63%) Azure SQL Database
15 15 (1.44%) InfluxDB
16 14 (1.35%) RDBMS
17 10 (0.96%) Event Store
18 7 (0.67%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 188 (18.08%) Jenkins
2 88 (8.46%) Git (software)
3 66 (6.35%) GitLab
4 47 (4.52%) JIRA
5 28 (2.69%) Octopus Deploy
6 27 (2.60%) TeamCity
7 25 (2.40%) CircleCI
8 17 (1.63%) Bitbucket
8 17 (1.63%) Terragrunt
9 13 (1.25%) SonarQube
10 12 (1.15%) Cucumber
10 12 (1.15%) Snyk
11 9 (0.87%) Grunt
11 9 (0.87%) gulp
11 9 (0.87%) Subversion
11 9 (0.87%) Team Foundation Server
12 8 (0.77%) Sonatype Nexus
12 8 (0.77%) Visual Studio Team System
13 7 (0.67%) git-flow
14 6 (0.58%) webpack
General
1 225 (21.63%) Finance
2 200 (19.23%) Social Skills
3 98 (9.42%) Retail
4 56 (5.38%) Marketing
5 39 (3.75%) Banking
6 37 (3.56%) Public Sector
7 29 (2.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 23 (2.21%) Automotive
8 23 (2.21%) Legal
8 23 (2.21%) Manufacturing
9 20 (1.92%) Law
10 18 (1.73%) Analytical Skills
11 15 (1.44%) Advertising
12 12 (1.15%) Games
13 11 (1.06%) Pharmaceutical
14 9 (0.87%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.77%) Back Office
16 6 (0.58%) Organisational Skills
16 6 (0.58%) Retail Finance
17 5 (0.48%) Social Housing
Job Titles
1 314 (30.19%) DevOps Engineer
2 220 (21.15%) Developer
3 143 (13.75%) Cloud Engineer
4 132 (12.69%) C# Developer
5 116 (11.15%) AWS Engineer
6 94 (9.04%) Azure Engineer
7 86 (8.27%) Architect
8 80 (7.69%) AWS DevOps
9 79 (7.60%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 76 (7.31%) Cloud Architect
10 76 (7.31%) Senior Developer
11 64 (6.15%) Azure Architect
12 61 (5.87%) Platform Engineer
13 56 (5.38%) Software Engineer
14 46 (4.42%) Consultant
15 44 (4.23%) Lead DevOps
16 41 (3.94%) Senior C# Developer
17 38 (3.65%) AWS Consultant
18 36 (3.46%) Infrastructure Engineer
19 32 (3.08%) Azure Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 235 (22.60%) .NET
2 146 (14.04%) .NET Core
3 104 (10.00%) Node.js
4 81 (7.79%) React
5 52 (5.00%) HTML
6 47 (4.52%) RESTful
7 46 (4.42%) Kafka
8 35 (3.37%) ASP.NET Web API
8 35 (3.37%) GraphQL
9 29 (2.79%) Elastic Stack
10 28 (2.69%) YAML
11 25 (2.40%) JSON
12 23 (2.21%) REST
13 22 (2.12%) ARM Templates
14 21 (2.02%) .NET Framework
14 21 (2.02%) RabbitMQ
15 20 (1.92%) CSS
16 16 (1.54%) AngularJS
17 15 (1.44%) Gherkin
17 15 (1.44%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 83 (7.98%) Public Cloud
2 45 (4.33%) Cloud Native
3 41 (3.94%) Greenfield Project
4 34 (3.27%) Blog
5 24 (2.31%) Mobile App
6 19 (1.83%) Private Cloud
7 13 (1.25%) Data Structures
8 12 (1.15%) Algorithms
8 12 (1.15%) Data Centre
8 12 (1.15%) Hybrid Cloud
8 12 (1.15%) Over-the-Top Content
9 11 (1.06%) Client/Server
10 9 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
10 9 (0.87%) User Experience
10 9 (0.87%) Virtual Team
11 8 (0.77%) Self-Motivation
11 8 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
12 7 (0.67%) Legacy Systems
12 7 (0.67%) Life Science
12 7 (0.67%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 281 (27.02%) Linux
2 143 (13.75%) Windows
3 50 (4.81%) Unix
4 30 (2.88%) Windows Server
5 23 (2.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (1.92%) Apple iOS
7 13 (1.25%) Android
8 12 (1.15%) CentOS
8 12 (1.15%) Solaris
9 11 (1.06%) Ubuntu
10 10 (0.96%) AIX
11 4 (0.38%) Debian
11 4 (0.38%) VMS
12 3 (0.29%) CoreOS
12 3 (0.29%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.29%) zOS
13 2 (0.19%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.19%) SUSE
14 1 (0.096%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 684 (65.77%) DevOps
2 436 (41.92%) Agile Software Development
3 223 (21.44%) Software Engineering
4 165 (15.87%) Test Automation
5 133 (12.79%) Microservices
6 119 (11.44%) Scrum
7 107 (10.29%) Migration
8 106 (10.19%) TDD
9 97 (9.33%) Configuration Management
10 93 (8.94%) Continuous Integration
10 93 (8.94%) Deployment Automation
11 88 (8.46%) Analytics
11 88 (8.46%) Mentoring
12 75 (7.21%) Fintech
12 75 (7.21%) Open Source
12 75 (7.21%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 73 (7.02%) Cybersecurity
14 71 (6.83%) Problem-Solving
15 58 (5.58%) Full Stack Development
16 57 (5.48%) DevSecOps
Programming Languages
1 320 (30.77%) Python
2 304 (29.23%) SQL
3 250 (24.04%) C#
4 156 (15.00%) JavaScript
5 155 (14.90%) PowerShell
6 136 (13.08%) Java
7 109 (10.48%) Bash
8 85 (8.17%) T-SQL
8 85 (8.17%) VB.NET
9 80 (7.69%) TypeScript
10 61 (5.87%) Go
11 40 (3.85%) Ruby
12 33 (3.17%) Groovy
13 31 (2.98%) C
14 15 (1.44%) Rust
15 14 (1.35%) PHP
16 11 (1.06%) Scala
17 10 (0.96%) Bicep
18 9 (0.87%) Kotlin
19 8 (0.77%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 44 (4.23%) AWS Certification
2 39 (3.75%) Degree
3 36 (3.46%) Cisco Certification
4 33 (3.17%) Security Cleared
5 32 (3.08%) SC Cleared
6 27 (2.60%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 27 (2.60%) CESG Certified Professional
7 21 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
8 10 (0.96%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.87%) CCNA
10 8 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.67%) MCSE
12 5 (0.48%) MCITP
12 5 (0.48%) MCP
12 5 (0.48%) MCSA
12 5 (0.48%) MCTS
13 4 (0.38%) RHCE
14 3 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
14 3 (0.29%) OSCP
15 1 (0.096%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.37%) QA
2 30 (2.88%) NIST
3 27 (2.60%) IASME
3 27 (2.60%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 19 (1.83%) SLA
5 17 (1.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.67%) GDPR
7 5 (0.48%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.38%) Data Quality
8 4 (0.38%) SOC 2
9 3 (0.29%) NCSC
10 2 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.096%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 438 (42.12%) Docker
2 56 (5.38%) Active Directory
3 25 (2.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (2.02%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (1.35%) Hyper-V
6 8 (0.77%) vSphere
7 4 (0.38%) LXC
8 3 (0.29%) Ceph
8 3 (0.29%) KVM
8 3 (0.29%) NFS
9 2 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.096%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.096%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.096%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 628 (60.38%) Terraform
2 473 (45.48%) Kubernetes
3 232 (22.31%) Ansible
4 153 (14.71%) Puppet
5 139 (13.37%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (3.85%) Prometheus
7 38 (3.65%) Grafana
8 27 (2.60%) CASB
9 17 (1.63%) Istio
9 17 (1.63%) Packer
10 10 (0.96%) SCCM
11 8 (0.77%) Consul
12 7 (0.67%) SCOM
13 6 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.58%) Kibana
14 5 (0.48%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 5 (0.48%) WSUS
15 4 (0.38%) Mesos
15 4 (0.38%) Nagios
16 3 (0.29%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 176 (16.92%) Microsoft
2 78 (7.50%) Google
3 59 (5.67%) Oracle
4 40 (3.85%) VMware
5 35 (3.37%) EnterpriseDB
6 24 (2.31%) Red Hat
7 15 (1.44%) SaltStack
8 14 (1.35%) Splunk
9 12 (1.15%) Cisco
9 12 (1.15%) New Relic
10 11 (1.06%) Veeam
11 10 (0.96%) Sun
12 7 (0.67%) Informatica
12 7 (0.67%) ServiceNow
13 5 (0.48%) Atlassian
13 5 (0.48%) Juniper
13 5 (0.48%) Nimble Storage
13 5 (0.48%) Palo Alto
13 5 (0.48%) SAP
14 4 (0.38%) Citrix