Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 18 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
18 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 20 21 26
Rank change year-on-year +1 +5 +16
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 8,702 4,565 822
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 11.69% 11.05% 9.32%
As % of the Systems Management category 58.97% 59.74% 47.93%
Number of salaries quoted 4,472 3,236 741
10th Percentile £46,250 £41,250 £43,750
25th Percentile £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +3.85% -7.14%
75th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £77,500 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +10.71% - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 14,757 7,641 1,715
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 19.82% 18.49% 19.44%
Number of salaries quoted 7,807 5,459 1,508
10th Percentile £41,931 £38,750 £41,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £50,000 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% -3.85%
75th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £69,447 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +6.84% +8.33% +4.35%

Kubernetes
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Kubernetes trend for jobs with a WFH option

Kubernetes
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Kubernetes.

Kubernetes salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 18 August 2022.

Kubernetes salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 18 August 2022, Kubernetes job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 6,004 (69.00%) Docker
2 5,986 (68.79%) AWS
3 4,315 (49.59%) Agile
4 4,014 (46.13%) DevOps
5 3,306 (37.99%) CI/CD
6 3,044 (34.98%) Software Engineering
7 3,019 (34.69%) Java
8 3,016 (34.66%) Python
9 2,796 (32.13%) Azure
10 2,790 (32.06%) Terraform
11 2,434 (27.97%) Microservices
12 2,251 (25.87%) Finance
13 2,087 (23.98%) React
14 1,942 (22.32%) JavaScript
15 1,856 (21.33%) Linux
16 1,766 (20.29%) SQL
17 1,746 (20.06%) Jenkins
18 1,744 (20.04%) Infrastructure as Code
19 1,737 (19.96%) GCP
20 1,697 (19.50%) Kafka
21 1,664 (19.12%) Go
22 1,663 (19.11%) Git (software)
23 1,642 (18.87%) Social Skills
24 1,591 (18.28%) Containerisation
25 1,543 (17.73%) PostgreSQL
26 1,470 (16.89%) Node.js
27 1,427 (16.40%) Ansible
28 1,379 (15.85%) Scrum
29 1,320 (15.17%) TDD
30 1,283 (14.74%) C#

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 259 (2.98%) Apache
2 239 (2.75%) Confluence
3 228 (2.62%) Apache Airflow
4 212 (2.44%) Apache Solr
5 154 (1.77%) Apache Spark
6 108 (1.24%) OpenStack
7 94 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
8 76 (0.87%) nginx
9 74 (0.85%) Tomcat
10 61 (0.70%) Jupyter
11 48 (0.55%) Drupal
12 46 (0.53%) JBoss
13 43 (0.49%) IIS
14 42 (0.48%) Ethereum
15 38 (0.44%) WebSphere
16 27 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
17 23 (0.26%) CMS
18 22 (0.25%) Hyperledger
19 21 (0.24%) WebLogic
20 19 (0.22%) Gunicorn
Applications
1 36 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (0.16%) Campfire
3 13 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
4 7 (0.080%) Sketch
5 6 (0.069%) MS Visio
6 5 (0.057%) CPLEX
6 5 (0.057%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.057%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.034%) LaTeX
7 3 (0.034%) Microsoft Excel
8 2 (0.023%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.011%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 58 (0.67%) Distributed Ledger
2 49 (0.56%) R3 Corda
3 36 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
4 28 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
5 22 (0.25%) Shopify
6 9 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
7 7 (0.080%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.023%) Maximo
8 2 (0.023%) SystmOne
9 1 (0.011%) Magento
9 1 (0.011%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.011%) Odoo
9 1 (0.011%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 5,986 (68.79%) AWS
2 2,796 (32.13%) Azure
3 1,737 (19.96%) GCP
4 1,084 (12.46%) SaaS
5 921 (10.58%) GitHub
6 806 (9.26%) Serverless
7 728 (8.37%) Azure DevOps
8 630 (7.24%) AWS CloudFormation
9 454 (5.22%) AWS Lambda
10 405 (4.65%) Amazon S3
11 401 (4.61%) OpenShift
12 392 (4.50%) Amazon EKS
13 389 (4.47%) Cloud Computing
14 374 (4.30%) PaaS
15 371 (4.26%) Amazon EC2
16 348 (4.00%) Datadog
17 333 (3.83%) Amazon ECS
18 291 (3.34%) IaaS
19 243 (2.79%) GitHub Actions
20 185 (2.13%) Azure AKS
Communications & Networking
1 244 (2.80%) Firewall
2 183 (2.10%) HTTP
3 180 (2.07%) DNS
4 112 (1.29%) Internet
5 102 (1.17%) Broadband
6 96 (1.10%) TCP/IP
7 86 (0.99%) Kerberos
8 79 (0.91%) VPN
9 60 (0.69%) Software-Defined Networking
10 56 (0.64%) AMQP
10 56 (0.64%) Network Security
11 53 (0.61%) MQTT
12 49 (0.56%) Skype
13 42 (0.48%) DHCP
14 35 (0.40%) SMTP
15 34 (0.39%) SSH
16 32 (0.37%) SSL
17 31 (0.36%) VLAN
18 25 (0.29%) LAN
19 24 (0.28%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,543 (17.73%) PostgreSQL
2 804 (9.24%) NoSQL
3 620 (7.12%) Redis
4 543 (6.24%) MongoDB
5 538 (6.18%) MySQL
6 521 (5.99%) Elasticsearch
7 454 (5.22%) Relational Database
8 445 (5.11%) Big Data
9 419 (4.81%) SQL Server
10 248 (2.85%) Amazon RDS
11 205 (2.36%) Amazon Aurora
12 155 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
13 147 (1.69%) RDBMS
14 134 (1.54%) DynamoDB
15 102 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
16 97 (1.11%) Amazon Redshift
16 97 (1.11%) Hadoop
17 94 (1.08%) Data Lake
18 75 (0.86%) Azure SQL Database
19 73 (0.84%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,746 (20.06%) Jenkins
2 1,663 (19.11%) Git (software)
3 606 (6.96%) GitLab
4 528 (6.07%) JIRA
5 294 (3.38%) Maven
6 215 (2.47%) Bitbucket
7 214 (2.46%) Selenium
8 213 (2.45%) webpack
9 211 (2.42%) Cypress.io
10 206 (2.37%) JUnit
11 196 (2.25%) Cucumber
12 163 (1.87%) CircleCI
13 137 (1.57%) TeamCity
14 136 (1.56%) Postman
15 133 (1.53%) Babel
16 128 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
17 120 (1.38%) Mockito
18 116 (1.33%) Gradle
19 80 (0.92%) Sonatype Nexus
20 74 (0.85%) RSpec
General
1 2,251 (25.87%) Finance
2 1,642 (18.87%) Social Skills
3 742 (8.53%) Retail
4 707 (8.12%) Banking
5 596 (6.85%) Games
6 551 (6.33%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 542 (6.23%) Public Sector
8 456 (5.24%) Analytical Skills
9 415 (4.77%) Marketing
10 229 (2.63%) Legal
11 149 (1.71%) Law
12 146 (1.68%) Advertising
13 145 (1.67%) Telecoms
14 143 (1.64%) Organisational Skills
15 126 (1.45%) Presentation Skills
16 94 (1.08%) Manufacturing
17 84 (0.97%) Publishing
18 72 (0.83%) Esports
18 72 (0.83%) Financial Institution
19 71 (0.82%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,756 (31.67%) Developer
2 1,562 (17.95%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,453 (16.70%) Software Engineer
4 764 (8.78%) Senior Developer
5 662 (7.61%) Java Developer
6 528 (6.07%) Cloud Engineer
7 496 (5.70%) Senior Software Engineer
8 439 (5.04%) Senior DevOps
9 419 (4.81%) Java Engineer
10 418 (4.80%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 323 (3.71%) C# Developer
11 323 (3.71%) Senior Java Developer
12 297 (3.41%) AWS Engineer
13 274 (3.15%) Full Stack Developer
14 267 (3.07%) Architect
15 239 (2.75%) Python Developer
16 233 (2.68%) Data Engineer
17 218 (2.51%) Platform Engineer
18 211 (2.42%) AWS DevOps
19 198 (2.28%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,087 (23.98%) React
2 1,697 (19.50%) Kafka
3 1,470 (16.89%) Node.js
4 1,271 (14.61%) .NET
5 1,158 (13.31%) Spring
6 874 (10.04%) RESTful
7 806 (9.26%) .NET Core
8 791 (9.09%) Spring Boot
9 648 (7.45%) AngularJS
10 623 (7.16%) REST
11 622 (7.15%) CSS
12 461 (5.30%) GraphQL
13 419 (4.81%) RabbitMQ
14 416 (4.78%) HTML
15 384 (4.41%) Vue.js
16 352 (4.05%) Django
17 295 (3.39%) Web Services
18 283 (3.25%) Ruby on Rails
19 247 (2.84%) .NET Framework
20 241 (2.77%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 1,063 (12.22%) Cloud Native
2 729 (8.38%) Greenfield Project
3 439 (5.04%) Public Cloud
4 422 (4.85%) Virtual Team
5 368 (4.23%) User Experience
6 315 (3.62%) Algorithms
7 295 (3.39%) Blockchain
8 237 (2.72%) Mobile App
9 226 (2.60%) Data Centre
10 224 (2.57%) Self-Motivation
11 220 (2.53%) Social Media
12 213 (2.45%) Blog
13 152 (1.75%) Linux Command Line
14 150 (1.72%) IoT
14 150 (1.72%) Sports Betting
15 132 (1.52%) Data Structures
16 115 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
17 108 (1.24%) Legacy Systems
18 105 (1.21%) iPhone
19 103 (1.18%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 1,856 (21.33%) Linux
2 602 (6.92%) Windows
3 368 (4.23%) Unix
4 125 (1.44%) Android
5 103 (1.18%) Apple iOS
6 94 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 88 (1.01%) Windows Server
8 82 (0.94%) CentOS
9 53 (0.61%) Ubuntu
10 28 (0.32%) AIX
11 22 (0.25%) Mac OS
12 21 (0.24%) Mac OS X
13 19 (0.22%) Mesosphere
14 15 (0.17%) Debian
15 12 (0.14%) VMS
16 10 (0.11%) zOS
17 9 (0.10%) Alpine Linux
17 9 (0.10%) CoreOS
17 9 (0.10%) Windows Server 2016
18 8 (0.092%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,315 (49.59%) Agile
2 4,014 (46.13%) DevOps
3 3,306 (37.99%) CI/CD
4 3,044 (34.98%) Software Engineering
5 2,434 (27.97%) Microservices
6 1,744 (20.04%) Infrastructure as Code
7 1,591 (18.28%) Containerisation
8 1,379 (15.85%) Scrum
9 1,320 (15.17%) TDD
10 1,116 (12.82%) Test Automation
11 1,059 (12.17%) Full Stack Development
12 958 (11.01%) Fintech
13 889 (10.22%) Continuous Integration
14 876 (10.07%) Mentoring
15 825 (9.48%) Problem-Solving
16 793 (9.11%) Open Source
17 781 (8.97%) Coaching
18 704 (8.09%) SDLC
19 640 (7.35%) Configuration Management
20 614 (7.06%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3,019 (34.69%) Java
2 3,016 (34.66%) Python
3 1,942 (22.32%) JavaScript
4 1,766 (20.29%) SQL
5 1,664 (19.12%) Go
6 1,283 (14.74%) C#
7 1,225 (14.08%) TypeScript
8 918 (10.55%) Bash
9 674 (7.75%) Kotlin
10 663 (7.62%) Ruby
11 534 (6.14%) PowerShell
12 473 (5.44%) PHP
13 466 (5.36%) Scala
14 288 (3.31%) T-SQL
15 206 (2.37%) Groovy
16 190 (2.18%) ES6
17 179 (2.06%) Rust
18 151 (1.74%) C
19 147 (1.69%) C++
20 142 (1.63%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 621 (7.14%) Degree
2 342 (3.93%) Security Cleared
3 323 (3.71%) AWS Certification
4 299 (3.44%) SC Cleared
5 230 (2.64%) Computer Science Degree
6 116 (1.33%) Azure Certification
7 76 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
8 62 (0.71%) Master's Degree
9 43 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
10 30 (0.34%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
11 29 (0.33%) CISSP
12 26 (0.30%) RHCE
13 22 (0.25%) DV Cleared
14 19 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
15 18 (0.21%) CISM
16 15 (0.17%) AWS Certified Developer
17 14 (0.16%) PhD
18 11 (0.13%) SANS
19 10 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
19 10 (0.11%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 575 (6.61%) QA
2 79 (0.91%) Accessibility
3 73 (0.84%) GDPR
4 62 (0.71%) SLA
5 55 (0.63%) SOC 2
6 44 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 36 (0.41%) Data Quality
8 30 (0.34%) GxP
9 29 (0.33%) GRC
10 27 (0.31%) PCI DSS
11 18 (0.21%) NIST
12 11 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
13 9 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 8 (0.092%) FISMA
14 8 (0.092%) HIPAA
14 8 (0.092%) HITRUST
15 7 (0.080%) WCAG
16 6 (0.069%) FedRAMP
17 5 (0.057%) SOC 1
18 2 (0.023%) NCSC
System Software
1 6,004 (69.00%) Docker
2 143 (1.64%) Active Directory
3 131 (1.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 109 (1.25%) Virtual Machines
5 87 (1.00%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 44 (0.51%) vSphere
7 41 (0.47%) KVM
8 30 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
9 26 (0.30%) Xen
10 25 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
11 18 (0.21%) Hyper-V
11 18 (0.21%) Varnish
12 15 (0.17%) GlusterFS
13 14 (0.16%) VMware NSX
14 13 (0.15%) LXC
15 12 (0.14%) etcd
16 10 (0.11%) Ceph
17 9 (0.10%) Citrix Hypervisor
17 9 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
18 6 (0.069%) NFS
Systems Management
1 2,790 (32.06%) Terraform
2 1,427 (16.40%) Ansible
3 564 (6.48%) Puppet
4 482 (5.54%) Opscode Chef
5 425 (4.88%) Prometheus
6 407 (4.68%) Grafana
7 197 (2.26%) Docker Swarm
8 177 (2.03%) Istio
9 125 (1.44%) Argo
10 97 (1.11%) Packer
11 91 (1.05%) Kibana
12 87 (1.00%) Rancher
13 54 (0.62%) ZABBIX
14 49 (0.56%) Graphite
15 45 (0.52%) Salt
16 42 (0.48%) Nagios
17 41 (0.47%) Kubeflow
18 36 (0.41%) Consul
19 35 (0.40%) HAProxy
20 29 (0.33%) Kiali
Vendors
1 752 (8.64%) Google
2 666 (7.65%) Microsoft
3 289 (3.32%) Oracle
4 210 (2.41%) VMware
5 163 (1.87%) Twitter
6 153 (1.76%) Splunk
7 150 (1.72%) Red Hat
8 121 (1.39%) Zopa
9 89 (1.02%) Atlassian
10 88 (1.01%) SAP
11 73 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
12 71 (0.82%) PagerDuty
13 66 (0.76%) Apple
13 66 (0.76%) Spotify
14 61 (0.70%) Dynatrace
15 60 (0.69%) New Relic
15 60 (0.69%) TrueLayer
16 59 (0.68%) IBM
17 51 (0.59%) Revolut
18 47 (0.54%) SaltStack