Period
to 25 September 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 20 26 41
Rank change year-on-year +6 +15 +60
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 2,613 498 492
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 9.99% 9.07% 6.21%
As % of the Systems Management category 55.07% 47.56% 36.96%
Number of salaries quoted 1,983 458 454
10th Percentile £41,700 £42,500 £45,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £48,750 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £62,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% -13.79% +13.73%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £101,250 £87,500 £95,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year +3.70% -3.57% +7.69%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 4,745 1,047 1,331
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 18.14% 19.08% 16.81%
Number of salaries quoted 3,626 968 1,103
10th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £41,400
25th Percentile £51,250 £45,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £60,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -14.29% +16.67%
75th Percentile £83,625 £75,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £87,500 £91,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.84% +7.83% +4.55%

Kubernetes
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Kubernetes trend for jobs with a WFH option

Kubernetes
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Kubernetes.

Kubernetes salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Kubernetes salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, Kubernetes job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,913 (73.21%) Docker
2 1,373 (52.54%) AWS
3 1,256 (48.07%) DevOps
4 1,210 (46.31%) Agile Software Development
5 1,093 (41.83%) Azure
6 987 (37.77%) Terraform
7 820 (31.38%) Microservices
8 805 (30.81%) Software Engineering
9 745 (28.51%) Python
10 667 (25.53%) Java
11 663 (25.37%) JavaScript
12 621 (23.77%) GCP
13 620 (23.73%) React
14 599 (22.92%) Finance
15 568 (21.74%) C#
16 515 (19.71%) .NET
17 504 (19.29%) Linux
18 493 (18.87%) Git (software)
19 465 (17.80%) Jenkins
20 445 (17.03%) SQL
21 440 (16.84%) Node.js
22 409 (15.65%) Scrum
23 395 (15.12%) Go
24 391 (14.96%) Social Skills
25 373 (14.27%) Ansible
26 366 (14.01%) Infrastructure as Code
27 361 (13.82%) Full Stack Development
28 347 (13.28%) TypeScript
29 319 (12.21%) Puppet
30 308 (11.79%) PostgreSQL

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (5.97%) Elasticsearch
2 67 (2.56%) Apache
3 54 (2.07%) Apache Spark
4 42 (1.61%) Apache Airflow
5 37 (1.42%) Confluence
6 32 (1.22%) nginx
7 26 (1.00%) Apache Pulsar
8 24 (0.92%) CMS
9 23 (0.88%) IIS
10 20 (0.77%) Drupal
10 20 (0.77%) OpenStack
11 16 (0.61%) Tomcat
12 15 (0.57%) Apache Solr
13 12 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
14 9 (0.34%) SharePoint
15 6 (0.23%) Luigi
16 5 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 4 (0.15%) Hyperledger
17 4 (0.15%) NServiceBus
18 3 (0.11%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 11 (0.42%) Sketch
2 10 (0.38%) SOLIDWORKS
3 9 (0.34%) Figma
4 8 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.19%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.077%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.038%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.038%) InVision
Business Applications
1 13 (0.50%) Sentinel
2 11 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
3 4 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.15%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.077%) Magento
4 2 (0.077%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.077%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.077%) Shopify
5 1 (0.038%) Infor M3
5 1 (0.038%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 1,373 (52.54%) AWS
2 1,093 (41.83%) Azure
3 621 (23.77%) GCP
4 262 (10.03%) Serverless
5 219 (8.38%) SaaS
6 203 (7.77%) AWS CloudFormation
7 144 (5.51%) AWS Lambda
7 144 (5.51%) GitHub
8 120 (4.59%) PaaS
9 115 (4.40%) Amazon S3
10 104 (3.98%) Amazon SQS
11 95 (3.64%) IaaS
12 94 (3.60%) OpenShift
13 86 (3.29%) Cloud Computing
14 81 (3.10%) AWS Step Functions
15 62 (2.37%) Amazon EKS
16 59 (2.26%) Amazon EC2
17 40 (1.53%) Amazon ECS
18 39 (1.49%) Azure Active Directory
18 39 (1.49%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 43 (1.65%) Firewall
2 34 (1.30%) HTTP
3 29 (1.11%) DNS
4 25 (0.96%) TCP/IP
5 19 (0.73%) LAN
5 19 (0.73%) WAN
6 18 (0.69%) SSL
7 15 (0.57%) Broadband
8 13 (0.50%) SSH
9 10 (0.38%) DHCP
10 8 (0.31%) Internet
10 8 (0.31%) IPv6
10 8 (0.31%) Multicast
11 7 (0.27%) AMQP
11 7 (0.27%) NetScaler
12 6 (0.23%) VPN
13 5 (0.19%) IPv4
13 5 (0.19%) Kerberos
13 5 (0.19%) Network Security
14 4 (0.15%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 308 (11.79%) PostgreSQL
2 248 (9.49%) MySQL
3 209 (8.00%) NoSQL
4 178 (6.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 174 (6.66%) MongoDB
6 173 (6.62%) Big Data
7 150 (5.74%) SQL Server
8 121 (4.63%) Amazon RDS
9 115 (4.40%) Relational Database
10 110 (4.21%) Redis
11 62 (2.37%) GIS
12 58 (2.22%) Amazon Aurora
13 56 (2.14%) Blockchain
14 43 (1.65%) Data Lake
15 40 (1.53%) Hadoop
16 38 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
17 35 (1.34%) Amazon Athena
17 35 (1.34%) BigQuery
18 34 (1.30%) RDBMS
19 28 (1.07%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 493 (18.87%) Git (software)
2 465 (17.80%) Jenkins
3 161 (6.16%) GitLab
4 76 (2.91%) JIRA
5 69 (2.64%) Octopus Deploy
6 62 (2.37%) Selenium
7 61 (2.33%) Cypress.io
8 53 (2.03%) Maven
9 45 (1.72%) TeamCity
10 44 (1.68%) SpecFlow
10 44 (1.68%) webpack
11 43 (1.65%) CircleCI
12 38 (1.45%) Bitbucket
13 36 (1.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 34 (1.30%) Babel
15 27 (1.03%) WebDriver
16 23 (0.88%) Gradle
17 17 (0.65%) Subversion
18 16 (0.61%) Ant
19 14 (0.54%) Cucumber
General
1 599 (22.92%) Finance
2 391 (14.96%) Social Skills
3 196 (7.50%) Retail
4 116 (4.44%) Marketing
5 111 (4.25%) Banking
6 109 (4.17%) Front Office
7 95 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
8 66 (2.53%) Public Sector
9 35 (1.34%) Billing
9 35 (1.34%) Games
10 32 (1.22%) Advertising
11 30 (1.15%) Law
12 29 (1.11%) Manufacturing
13 26 (1.00%) Financial Institution
14 22 (0.84%) Presentation Skills
15 21 (0.80%) Electronics
16 20 (0.77%) Automotive
16 20 (0.77%) Telecoms
17 16 (0.61%) Music Industry
18 13 (0.50%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 962 (36.82%) Developer
2 601 (23.00%) DevOps Engineer
3 362 (13.85%) Software Engineer
4 246 (9.41%) AWS Engineer
5 227 (8.69%) AWS DevOps
6 217 (8.30%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 211 (8.08%) Senior Developer
8 181 (6.93%) C# Developer
9 179 (6.85%) Java Developer
10 134 (5.13%) Senior Software Engineer
11 131 (5.01%) React Developer
12 130 (4.98%) Cloud Engineer
13 127 (4.86%) Senior DevOps
14 124 (4.75%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 119 (4.55%) Architect
16 102 (3.90%) Java Engineer
17 99 (3.79%) Azure Engineer
17 99 (3.79%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 98 (3.75%) Lead Developer
19 96 (3.67%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 620 (23.73%) React
2 515 (19.71%) .NET
3 440 (16.84%) Node.js
4 268 (10.26%) Kafka
5 263 (10.07%) AngularJS
6 256 (9.80%) .NET Core
7 250 (9.57%) Spring
8 236 (9.03%) REST
9 216 (8.27%) Web Services
10 192 (7.35%) GraphQL
11 182 (6.97%) Spring Boot
12 162 (6.20%) Vue.js
13 154 (5.89%) HTML
14 150 (5.74%) RESTful
15 105 (4.02%) CSS
16 97 (3.71%) Express
16 97 (3.71%) React Native
17 92 (3.52%) Next.js
18 88 (3.37%) RabbitMQ
19 85 (3.25%) Material-UI
Miscellaneous
1 215 (8.23%) Greenfield Project
2 115 (4.40%) Mobile App
3 113 (4.32%) Public Cloud
4 107 (4.09%) Cloud Native
5 89 (3.41%) Virtual Team
6 83 (3.18%) Hybrid Cloud
7 77 (2.95%) User Experience
8 71 (2.72%) Algorithms
9 52 (1.99%) Data Centre
10 47 (1.80%) Hedge funds
11 42 (1.61%) Tandem
12 37 (1.42%) iPad
13 31 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
14 30 (1.15%) Fixed Income
15 28 (1.07%) Derivative
15 28 (1.07%) Self-Motivation
16 27 (1.03%) Management Information System
17 24 (0.92%) Blog
18 22 (0.84%) Credit Risk
18 22 (0.84%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 504 (19.29%) Linux
2 113 (4.32%) Windows
3 49 (1.88%) Unix
4 42 (1.61%) Windows Server
5 31 (1.19%) CentOS
6 26 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 20 (0.77%) Android
7 20 (0.77%) Ubuntu
8 14 (0.54%) SUSE
9 12 (0.46%) Apple iOS
10 7 (0.27%) Debian
11 6 (0.23%) VMS
12 4 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
13 3 (0.11%) CoreOS
13 3 (0.11%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.11%) Windows 2000 Server
13 3 (0.11%) Windows XP
14 2 (0.077%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.077%) Solaris
14 2 (0.077%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,256 (48.07%) DevOps
2 1,210 (46.31%) Agile Software Development
3 820 (31.38%) Microservices
4 805 (30.81%) Software Engineering
5 409 (15.65%) Scrum
6 366 (14.01%) Infrastructure as Code
7 361 (13.82%) Full Stack Development
8 303 (11.60%) Test Automation
9 280 (10.72%) Mentoring
10 261 (9.99%) Artificial Intelligence
11 248 (9.49%) Continuous Integration
12 219 (8.38%) TDD
13 209 (8.00%) Fintech
14 200 (7.65%) Deployment Automation
15 194 (7.42%) Machine Learning
15 194 (7.42%) Migration
16 172 (6.58%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 170 (6.51%) Problem-Solving
18 166 (6.35%) Open Source
19 164 (6.28%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 745 (28.51%) Python
2 667 (25.53%) Java
3 663 (25.37%) JavaScript
4 568 (21.74%) C#
5 445 (17.03%) SQL
6 395 (15.12%) Go
7 347 (13.28%) TypeScript
8 228 (8.73%) Bash Shell
9 221 (8.46%) PowerShell
10 180 (6.89%) Kotlin
11 127 (4.86%) Ruby
12 123 (4.71%) Scala
13 118 (4.52%) PHP
14 81 (3.10%) C++
15 66 (2.53%) T-SQL
16 41 (1.57%) C
16 41 (1.57%) Clojure
17 40 (1.53%) Rust
18 39 (1.49%) Java 8
19 37 (1.42%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 105 (4.02%) Degree
2 51 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 50 (1.91%) Security Cleared
4 37 (1.42%) SC Cleared
5 16 (0.61%) AWS Certification
5 16 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
6 14 (0.54%) Master's Degree
6 14 (0.54%) MCSD
7 8 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
8 7 (0.27%) PhD
8 7 (0.27%) RHCE
9 6 (0.23%) OCP
10 5 (0.19%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 5 (0.19%) CISSP
11 4 (0.15%) CESG Certified Professional
11 4 (0.15%) OSCP
11 4 (0.15%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.11%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 107 (4.09%) QA
2 39 (1.49%) Accessibility
3 21 (0.80%) SLA
4 15 (0.57%) GRC
5 14 (0.54%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.19%) GDPR
7 5 (0.19%) NIST
8 4 (0.15%) IASME
8 4 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.077%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.077%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.077%) PMO
9 2 (0.077%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.077%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,913 (73.21%) Docker
2 67 (2.56%) Active Directory
3 19 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (0.46%) vSphere
6 11 (0.42%) ISA Server
7 7 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 7 (0.27%) XenApp
7 7 (0.27%) XenDesktop
8 6 (0.23%) Gluster
9 5 (0.19%) Hyper-V
9 5 (0.19%) LXC
9 5 (0.19%) Varnish
10 4 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.11%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.077%) Ceph
12 2 (0.077%) GPFS
12 2 (0.077%) KVM
12 2 (0.077%) NFS
12 2 (0.077%) zsh
Systems Management
1 987 (37.77%) Terraform
2 373 (14.27%) Ansible
3 319 (12.21%) Puppet
4 276 (10.56%) Opscode Chef
5 97 (3.71%) Prometheus
6 83 (3.18%) Grafana
7 52 (1.99%) Docker Swarm
8 36 (1.38%) Istio
9 24 (0.92%) Rancher
10 16 (0.61%) Kibana
11 15 (0.57%) Packer
12 12 (0.46%) Nagios
12 12 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
13 10 (0.38%) Kustomize
13 10 (0.38%) ZABBIX
14 9 (0.34%) Consul
14 9 (0.34%) logstash
15 7 (0.27%) Failover Clustering
15 7 (0.27%) Mesos
15 7 (0.27%) SCCM
Vendors
1 222 (8.50%) Google
2 207 (7.92%) Microsoft
3 87 (3.33%) Oracle
4 47 (1.80%) IBM
5 42 (1.61%) Splunk
6 39 (1.49%) Red Hat
7 35 (1.34%) VMware
8 17 (0.65%) Qubit
8 17 (0.65%) SAP
9 15 (0.57%) Dynatrace
10 14 (0.54%) New Relic
10 14 (0.54%) SaltStack
11 13 (0.50%) F5
12 11 (0.42%) Guidewire
12 11 (0.42%) Okta
13 10 (0.38%) Apple
13 10 (0.38%) Atlassian
13 10 (0.38%) Databricks
14 9 (0.34%) YouTube
15 8 (0.31%) Adobe