Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CI/CD
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 16 18 28
Rank change year-on-year +2 +10 +22
Permanent jobs citing CI/CD 9,633 3,998 819
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 13.21% 12.50% 8.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.69% 13.25% 9.59%
Number of salaries quoted 4,567 3,246 726
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -14.29%
75th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £90,000
UK median annual salary £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +11.54% - +4.00%

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 70,346 30,174 8,538
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 96.43% 94.37% 92.98%
Number of salaries quoted 41,467 24,660 7,267
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -4.35%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

CI/CD
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

CI/CD trend for jobs with a WFH option

CI/CD
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing CI/CD.

CI/CD salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

CI/CD
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing CI/CD over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

CI/CD salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, CI/CD job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for CI/CD.

1 5,393 (55.98%) Agile
2 4,785 (49.67%) AWS
3 4,776 (49.58%) DevOps
4 3,571 (37.07%) Docker
5 3,557 (36.93%) Azure
6 3,420 (35.50%) Kubernetes
7 3,378 (35.07%) Python
8 3,096 (32.14%) Software Engineering
9 2,943 (30.55%) Java
10 2,870 (29.79%) JavaScript
11 2,487 (25.82%) React
12 2,451 (25.44%) Terraform
13 2,335 (24.24%) Scrum
14 2,288 (23.75%) Microservices
15 2,286 (23.73%) Git (software)
16 2,228 (23.13%) Jenkins
17 2,177 (22.60%) Finance
18 2,137 (22.18%) SQL
19 2,135 (22.16%) Test Automation
20 2,069 (21.48%) Social Skills
21 1,964 (20.39%) TDD
22 1,907 (19.80%) C#
23 1,706 (17.71%) .NET
24 1,679 (17.43%) GCP
25 1,662 (17.25%) Infrastructure as Code
26 1,654 (17.17%) TypeScript
27 1,650 (17.13%) Node.js
28 1,634 (16.96%) Full Stack Development
29 1,539 (15.98%) Continuous Integration
30 1,533 (15.91%) Linux

CI/CD
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 564 (5.85%) Elasticsearch
2 328 (3.40%) Confluence
3 243 (2.52%) Apache Airflow
4 209 (2.17%) Apache
5 164 (1.70%) Apache Spark
6 143 (1.48%) CMS
7 137 (1.42%) BizTalk Server
8 94 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
9 90 (0.93%) nginx
10 81 (0.84%) IIS
11 64 (0.66%) Ethereum
12 60 (0.62%) Jupyter
13 41 (0.43%) WordPress
14 36 (0.37%) SharePoint
15 35 (0.36%) Tomcat
16 33 (0.34%) Drupal
17 29 (0.30%) Luigi
18 28 (0.29%) Apache Solr
19 27 (0.28%) Hyperledger
20 21 (0.22%) OpenStack
Applications
1 27 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
2 21 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
3 20 (0.21%) Chatbot
4 16 (0.17%) Sketch
5 12 (0.12%) Zeplin
6 11 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 10 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
8 7 (0.073%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.052%) Microsoft Project
10 4 (0.042%) InVision
11 2 (0.021%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.010%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 1 (0.010%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 73 (0.76%) Payment Gateway
2 68 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
3 40 (0.42%) R3 Corda
4 33 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
5 24 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
6 21 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
7 16 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
7 16 (0.17%) Summit
8 15 (0.16%) Shopify
9 12 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
9 12 (0.12%) Temenos T24
10 8 (0.083%) Magento
10 8 (0.083%) ProductWriter
11 7 (0.073%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 5 (0.052%) Oracle EBS
12 5 (0.052%) Oracle Financials
13 4 (0.042%) SAP MDM
14 3 (0.031%) NetSuite
14 3 (0.031%) Sentinel
15 2 (0.021%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 4,785 (49.67%) AWS
2 3,557 (36.93%) Azure
3 1,679 (17.43%) GCP
4 1,287 (13.36%) Serverless
5 1,235 (12.82%) GitHub
6 849 (8.81%) SaaS
7 708 (7.35%) AWS CloudFormation
8 647 (6.72%) AWS Lambda
9 527 (5.47%) Amazon S3
10 471 (4.89%) PaaS
11 401 (4.16%) Amazon EC2
12 399 (4.14%) GitHub Actions
13 371 (3.85%) Amazon ECS
14 323 (3.35%) Cloud Computing
15 306 (3.18%) Amazon EKS
16 300 (3.11%) Datadog
17 270 (2.80%) IaaS
18 248 (2.57%) Amazon SQS
19 237 (2.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 204 (2.12%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 195 (2.02%) HTTP
2 180 (1.87%) DNS
3 144 (1.49%) Firewall
4 83 (0.86%) Broadband
5 79 (0.82%) Internet
6 69 (0.72%) Network Security
7 57 (0.59%) VPN
8 53 (0.55%) TCP/IP
9 47 (0.49%) Reverse Proxy
10 41 (0.43%) HTTPS
11 37 (0.38%) SNA
12 33 (0.34%) SSL
13 28 (0.29%) AMQP
14 27 (0.28%) LAN
15 26 (0.27%) DSL
16 25 (0.26%) DHCP
16 25 (0.26%) DKIM
16 25 (0.26%) DMARC
16 25 (0.26%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
17 14 (0.15%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,325 (13.75%) PostgreSQL
2 934 (9.70%) NoSQL
3 894 (9.28%) MySQL
4 824 (8.55%) SQL Server
5 776 (8.06%) Relational Database
6 503 (5.22%) MongoDB
7 453 (4.70%) Redis
8 405 (4.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 394 (4.09%) Big Data
10 357 (3.71%) Data Warehouse
11 279 (2.90%) Amazon RDS
12 276 (2.87%) Data Lake
13 227 (2.36%) Amazon Aurora
14 202 (2.10%) RDBMS
15 178 (1.85%) Amazon Redshift
16 174 (1.81%) Hadoop
17 157 (1.63%) Apache Cassandra
17 157 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 155 (1.61%) Power BI
19 131 (1.36%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 2,286 (23.73%) Git (software)
2 2,228 (23.13%) Jenkins
3 868 (9.01%) GitLab
4 809 (8.40%) JIRA
5 559 (5.80%) Selenium
6 399 (4.14%) Cypress.io
7 357 (3.71%) CircleCI
8 328 (3.40%) Cucumber
9 308 (3.20%) TeamCity
10 269 (2.79%) Octopus Deploy
11 260 (2.70%) Postman
12 259 (2.69%) webpack
13 249 (2.58%) Bitbucket
14 200 (2.08%) JUnit
15 164 (1.70%) SpecFlow
16 161 (1.67%) Appium
16 161 (1.67%) Maven
17 134 (1.39%) SonarQube
18 123 (1.28%) Babel
19 118 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 2,177 (22.60%) Finance
2 2,069 (21.48%) Social Skills
3 749 (7.78%) Retail
4 702 (7.29%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 682 (7.08%) Banking
6 617 (6.41%) Analytical Skills
7 497 (5.16%) Games
8 447 (4.64%) Public Sector
9 437 (4.54%) Marketing
10 206 (2.14%) Organisational Skills
11 188 (1.95%) Advertising
12 152 (1.58%) Financial Institution
13 145 (1.51%) Law
14 119 (1.24%) Legal
15 114 (1.18%) Presentation Skills
16 104 (1.08%) Publishing
17 101 (1.05%) Automotive
18 80 (0.83%) Manufacturing
19 79 (0.82%) Influencing Skills
20 73 (0.76%) Tech for Good
Job Titles
1 2,930 (30.42%) Developer
2 1,622 (16.84%) Software Engineer
3 1,619 (16.81%) DevOps Engineer
4 840 (8.72%) Senior Developer
5 573 (5.95%) Senior Software Engineer
6 475 (4.93%) Full Stack Developer
7 469 (4.87%) Senior DevOps
8 468 (4.86%) Cloud Engineer
9 456 (4.73%) Java Developer
10 447 (4.64%) .NET Developer
11 426 (4.42%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 412 (4.28%) Software Developer
13 379 (3.93%) Data Engineer
14 360 (3.74%) Java Engineer
15 330 (3.43%) AWS Engineer
16 321 (3.33%) Architect
17 253 (2.63%) Azure Engineer
17 253 (2.63%) Python Developer
18 230 (2.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 224 (2.33%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,487 (25.82%) React
2 1,706 (17.71%) .NET
3 1,650 (17.13%) Node.js
4 1,108 (11.50%) CSS
5 1,107 (11.49%) Kafka
6 1,004 (10.42%) AngularJS
7 995 (10.33%) REST
8 966 (10.03%) HTML
9 926 (9.61%) RESTful
10 852 (8.84%) Spring
11 663 (6.88%) .NET Core
12 628 (6.52%) GraphQL
13 619 (6.43%) Spring Boot
14 534 (5.54%) Vue.js
15 450 (4.67%) Jest
16 432 (4.48%) Web Services
17 343 (3.56%) Django
18 337 (3.50%) ASP.NET
19 324 (3.36%) HTML5
20 323 (3.35%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 838 (8.70%) Cloud Native
2 777 (8.07%) User Experience
3 578 (6.00%) Greenfield Project
4 506 (5.25%) Public Cloud
5 488 (5.07%) Self-Motivation
6 424 (4.40%) Mobile App
7 409 (4.25%) Algorithms
8 304 (3.16%) Data Structures
9 257 (2.67%) Virtual Team
10 253 (2.63%) Blockchain
11 237 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
12 187 (1.94%) Blog
13 144 (1.49%) Cyberattack
14 131 (1.36%) Legacy Systems
15 128 (1.33%) Data Centre
16 127 (1.32%) IoT
17 122 (1.27%) Cyber Defence
18 114 (1.18%) Management Information System
19 113 (1.17%) Social Network
20 112 (1.16%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 1,533 (15.91%) Linux
2 747 (7.75%) Windows
3 418 (4.34%) Unix
4 319 (3.31%) Android
5 276 (2.87%) Apple iOS
6 124 (1.29%) Windows Server
7 56 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 42 (0.44%) CentOS
9 31 (0.32%) AIX
10 30 (0.31%) Ubuntu
11 25 (0.26%) VMS
12 20 (0.21%) Mac OS X
13 19 (0.20%) Mesosphere
14 18 (0.19%) Alpine Linux
15 16 (0.17%) Windows Embedded Compact
16 13 (0.13%) Mac OS
17 12 (0.12%) Kali Linux
18 5 (0.052%) SUSE
18 5 (0.052%) Windows Vista
19 4 (0.042%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,393 (55.98%) Agile
2 4,776 (49.58%) DevOps
3 3,096 (32.14%) Software Engineering
4 2,335 (24.24%) Scrum
5 2,288 (23.75%) Microservices
6 2,135 (22.16%) Test Automation
7 1,964 (20.39%) TDD
8 1,662 (17.25%) Infrastructure as Code
9 1,634 (16.96%) Full Stack Development
10 1,539 (15.98%) Continuous Integration
11 1,159 (12.03%) Problem-Solving
12 1,139 (11.82%) Mentoring
13 1,121 (11.64%) Continuous Delivery
14 998 (10.36%) SDLC
15 984 (10.21%) BDD
16 834 (8.66%) Kanban
17 791 (8.21%) Coaching
18 752 (7.81%) Analytics
18 752 (7.81%) Fintech
19 727 (7.55%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 3,378 (35.07%) Python
2 2,943 (30.55%) Java
3 2,870 (29.79%) JavaScript
4 2,137 (22.18%) SQL
5 1,907 (19.80%) C#
6 1,654 (17.17%) TypeScript
7 834 (8.66%) Go
8 773 (8.02%) Bash
9 645 (6.70%) Ruby
10 638 (6.62%) Kotlin
11 623 (6.47%) PowerShell
12 550 (5.71%) Scala
13 488 (5.07%) PHP
14 289 (3.00%) C++
15 245 (2.54%) ES6
16 237 (2.46%) T-SQL
17 227 (2.36%) Groovy
18 203 (2.11%) C
19 162 (1.68%) Shell Script
20 105 (1.09%) Perl
Qualifications
1 882 (9.16%) Degree
2 359 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 291 (3.02%) Security Cleared
4 220 (2.28%) SC Cleared
5 145 (1.51%) AWS Certification
6 95 (0.99%) ISTQB
7 78 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
8 66 (0.69%) Master's Degree
9 54 (0.56%) ISEB
10 37 (0.38%) PhD
11 28 (0.29%) CISSP
12 23 (0.24%) Six Sigma Black Belt
13 22 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
14 17 (0.18%) OSCP
15 16 (0.17%) PMI Certification
16 13 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
16 13 (0.13%) DV Cleared
16 13 (0.13%) Sun Certification
17 12 (0.12%) MCSD
18 11 (0.11%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,185 (12.30%) QA
2 170 (1.76%) Accessibility
3 126 (1.31%) Data Quality
4 85 (0.88%) GDPR
5 46 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 34 (0.35%) NIST
7 33 (0.34%) HIPAA
8 30 (0.31%) GRC
9 25 (0.26%) SOC 2
10 21 (0.22%) SLA
11 16 (0.17%) WCAG
12 15 (0.16%) PCI DSS
13 14 (0.15%) SEPA
14 11 (0.11%) HL7
15 9 (0.093%) Cyber Essentials
15 9 (0.093%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 8 (0.083%) FISMA
16 8 (0.083%) HITRUST
16 8 (0.083%) PMO
17 7 (0.073%) WAI
System Software
1 3,571 (37.07%) Docker
2 153 (1.59%) Active Directory
3 88 (0.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 61 (0.63%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 56 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
6 45 (0.47%) Hyper-V
7 43 (0.45%) Apache Flume
8 32 (0.33%) KVM
9 17 (0.18%) NFS
9 17 (0.18%) Xen
10 10 (0.10%) vSphere
11 9 (0.093%) VMware NSX
12 7 (0.073%) Ceph
12 7 (0.073%) Varnish
13 6 (0.062%) LXC
14 5 (0.052%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 5 (0.052%) etcd
14 5 (0.052%) Firmware
14 5 (0.052%) Slurm Workload Manager
14 5 (0.052%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 3,420 (35.50%) Kubernetes
2 2,451 (25.44%) Terraform
3 1,284 (13.33%) Ansible
4 387 (4.02%) Puppet
5 353 (3.66%) Opscode Chef
6 306 (3.18%) Prometheus
7 267 (2.77%) Grafana
8 237 (2.46%) Docker Swarm
9 105 (1.09%) Kibana
10 91 (0.94%) Rancher
11 86 (0.89%) Istio
12 73 (0.76%) Packer
13 50 (0.52%) Graphite
14 49 (0.51%) Single Sign-On
15 47 (0.49%) Argo
16 43 (0.45%) HAProxy
17 42 (0.44%) Consul
17 42 (0.44%) ZABBIX
18 40 (0.42%) Oozie
19 33 (0.34%) Nagios
Vendors
1 1,135 (11.78%) Microsoft
2 663 (6.88%) Google
3 429 (4.45%) Oracle
4 155 (1.61%) VMware
5 152 (1.58%) Splunk
6 111 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
7 102 (1.06%) Atlassian
8 96 (1.00%) Databricks
8 96 (1.00%) SAP
9 92 (0.96%) IBM
10 81 (0.84%) Spotify
11 62 (0.64%) Apple
12 59 (0.61%) Dynatrace
13 47 (0.49%) Netlify
14 46 (0.48%) Red Hat
15 44 (0.46%) ServiceNow
16 43 (0.45%) New Relic
17 42 (0.44%) Cloudera
18 41 (0.43%) PagerDuty
19 34 (0.35%) hybris